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Iraq (or; العراق; عێراق), officially known as the Republic of Iraq (جُمُهورية العِراق; کۆماری عێراق), is a country in Western Asia, bordered by Turkey to the north, Iran to the east, Kuwait to the southeast, Saudi Arabia to the south, Jordan to the southwest and Syria to the west. [1]

9976 relations: 'Adud al-Dawla, 'Imran ibn Shahin, 'Round Springfield, A Charge to Keep, A Clean Break: A New Strategy for Securing the Realm, A Foreign Affair, A Jihad for Love, A Responsible Plan to End the War in Iraq, A. Elizabeth Jones, A. G. V. Paley, A. H. J. Prins, A. M. Rosenthal, A.N.S.W.E.R., Aérospatiale Gazelle, Aérospatiale SA 321 Super Frelon, Aérospatiale SA 330 Puma, Aşıklı Höyük, Ababil, Abadan International Airport, Abū Hayyān al-Tawhīdī, Abbadid dynasty, Abbas al-Bayati, Abbas al-Musawi, Abbas Almohri, Abbas Doran, Abbas Fahdel, Abbas ibn Ali, Abbas Khalaf, Abbas Obeid Jassim, Abbasid Caliphate, Abbotsbury, New South Wales, Abboud Qanbar, ABC World News Tonight, Abd al-Halim Abu Ghazala, Abd al-Husayn Sharaf al-Din al-Musawi, Abd al-Karim Qasim, Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan, Abd al-Nasir al-Janabi, Abd al-Rahim al-Hasini, Abd al-Rahman ibn Khalid, Abd al-Rahman Shahbandar, Abd Allah ibn al-Zubayr, Abd Dhiyab al-Ajili, Abd El-Razzak El-Sanhuri, Abd-al-Masih (martyr), Abdal, Abdallah Al Rowaished, Abdallah al-Ajmi, Abdallah ibn Tahir al-Khurasani, Abdallah II of Ifriqiya, ..., Abdallah Somekh, Abdel Basset Turki, Abdel Hadi Mahbooba, Abdel Hussein Shandal, Abdel Wael Zwaiter, Abdel-Karim Mahoud al-Mohammedawi, Abdel-Sattar Abdel-Jabbar, Abdelhadi Tazi, Abdelhamid Sharaf, Abdelkader Belliraj, Abduction of Russian diplomats in Iraq, Abdul Ali Mazari, Abdul Amir al-Jamri, Abdul Aziz al-Hakim, Abdul Hadi al Iraqi, Abdul Halim Khaddam, Abdul Karim al-Anizi, Abdul Karim Al-Kabariti, Abdul Nacer Benbrika, Abdul Qadir Al Rassam, Abdul Qadir Gilani, Abdul Qadir Obeidi, Abdul Rahman Al-Sudais, Abdul Rahman Arif, Abdul Rahman Mustafa, Abdul Razak al-Hashimi, Abdul Salam Arif, Abdul Sattar Abu Risha, Abdul Wahid bin Zaid, Abdul-Aziz al-Samarrai Mosque, Abdul-Aziz bin Muhammad, Abdul-Latif Ali al-Mayah, Abdul-Majid al-Khoei, Abdul-Muhsin Al-Saadoun, Abdul-Rahman ibn Abi Bakr, Abdul-Razzaq Ahmed Taha, Abdul-Satar al-Bahadli, Abdul-Wahab Abu Al-Hail, Abdul-Wahab Mirjan, Abdulameer Yousef Habeeb, Abdullah Abu Azzam al-Iraqi, Abdullah al-Amiri, Abdullah I Al-Sabah, Abdullah I of Jordan, Abdullah Kadhem Ruaid, Abdullah Shah Ghazi, Abdulsalam Abdullah, Abdumuqit Vohidov, Abdurrahman Sharafkandi, Abed Hamed Mowhoush, Abid Hamid Mahmud, Abid Mutlak 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Barzani, Ahmed bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, Ahmed Chalabi, Ahmed Ghulamali Chagla, Ahmed ibn Nasir, Ahmed Kousay al-Taie, Ahmed Mukhtar, Ahmed Raza Khan Barelvi, Ahmed Uthman, Ahmet Davutoğlu, Ahnaf ibn Qais, Ahvaz, Ai-Toghdï, Aidan Delgado, AIM-9 Sidewinder, Ain Sifni, Air Assault Badge, Air Force Combat Action Medal, Air Force Cross (United States), Air Force Reserve Command, Air Mobility Command, Air National Guard, Air Scotland, Airborne forces, Airborne leaflet propaganda, Airmail stamps of Denmark, Airspace class, Airspeed Oxford, Aissawa, AK-63, AK-74, Akasaka, Tokyo, Akashat, Akbar Ganji, Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani, Akhbari, Akhund Khorasani, Akihiko Saito, Akram Ahmad Salman, Akram al-Hawrani, Al Abbas Mosque, Al Ahamir massacre, Al Anbaa (Iraq), Al Anbar Governorate, Al Arabiya, Al Asad Airbase, Al Darawish, Al Diwaniyah, Al Etisalat FC, Al Forat, Al Franken, Al Gore, Al Hakum (Iraq), Al Hawza, Al Hilla Stadium, Al Iraqiya, Al Jaish Stadium, Al Jazeera English, Al Karkh Stadium, Al 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Wing, 510th Fighter Squadron, 519th Military Intelligence Battalion (United States), 51st state, 525th Fighter Squadron, 52nd Infantry Regiment (United States), 554, 55th Sustainment Brigade (United States), 561st Fighter Squadron, 56th (London) Infantry Division, 570s BC, 58th Expeditionary Military Intelligence Brigade, 58th Special Operations Wing, 5th Arabian Gulf Cup, 5th Aviation Regiment (Australia), 5th Battalion 52d Air Defense Artillery (United States), 5th Battalion, 11th Marines, 5th Bomb Wing, 5th Mechanized Brigade (Ukraine), 5th Signal Command (United States), 5th/7th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment, 6 March 2008 Baghdad bombing, 602, 605, 609, 627, 62d Airlift Wing, 633, 634, 636, 637, 638, 63rd Infantry Division (United States), 640s BC, 64th Brigade Support Battalion (United States), 656, 659, 661, 662, 66th Rescue Squadron, 680, 681 BC, 686, 691, 697, 6th Cavalry Regiment, 6th Engineer Support Battalion, 6th Infantry Division (India), 6th Infantry Regiment (United States), 6th Mechanized Brigade (Ukraine), 6th millennium BC, 6th of October (city), 701, 714, 720, 728th Military Police Battalion, 732nd Expeditionary Security Forces Squadron, 743, 749, 756, 75th Cavalry Regiment, 76th Academy Awards, 78th Attack Squadron, 79th Air Assault Brigade (Ukraine), 7th Armoured Brigade (United Kingdom), 7th Field Artillery Regiment, 7th Infantry Regiment (United States), 7th Transportation Brigade (United States), 7th World Scout Jamboree, 80th Air Assault Brigade (Ukraine), 814 Naval Air Squadron, 81st Fighter Squadron, 820th Base Defense Group, 825 Naval Air Squadron, 827, 82nd Airborne Division, 82nd Field Artillery Regiment, 82nd Sustainment Brigade, 842, 846 Naval Air Squadron, 849 Naval Air Squadron, 850s BC, 851, 86th Airlift Wing, 870, 872, 878, 87th Infantry Regiment (United States), 880s BC, 883, 885, 893, 89th Military Police Brigade (United States), 8th century BC, 8th Light Cavalry, 8th Marine Regiment (United States), 8th Military Police Brigade (United States), 8th Mixed Artillery Brigade, 9/11 Commission Report, 9/11: The Big Lie, 90th Fighter Squadron, 92nd Mechanized Brigade (Ukraine), 93d Air-Ground Operations Wing, 93d Fighter Squadron, 93rd Signal Brigade (United States), 940, 943, 944, 94th Fighter Squadron, 95th Air Assault Brigade (Ukraine), 977, 97E, 9K33 Osa, 9K38 Igla, 9K52 Luna-M, 9M133 Kornet, 9th Infantry Regiment (United States), 9th Marine Regiment (United States), 9th millennium BC, 9th Parachute Chasseur Regiment, 9th Paratroopers Assault Regiment, 9th Special Operations Squadron, 9th/12th Royal Lancers. Expand index (9926 more) »

'Adud al-Dawla

Fannā (Panāh) Khusraw (فنا خسرو), better known by his laqab of ʿAḍud al-Dawla (عضد الدولة, "Pillar of the Dynasty") (September 24, 936 – March 26, 983) was an emir of the Buyid dynasty, ruling from 949 to 983, and at his height of power ruling an empire stretching from Makran as far to Yemen and the shores of the Mediterranean Sea.

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'Imran ibn Shahin

'Imran ibn Shahin (died 979) was a Nabataean and the founder of a state in the Batihah marshlands in the 10th century.

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'Round Springfield

"'Round Springfield" is the 22nd episode of The Simpsons sixth season.

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A Charge to Keep

A Charge to Keep is a 1999 book written by then-Governor of Texas George W. Bush, with a foreword by Karen Hughes.

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A Clean Break: A New Strategy for Securing the Realm

A Clean Break: A New Strategy for Securing the Realm (commonly known as the "Clean Break" report) is a policy document that was prepared in 1996 by a study group led by Richard Perle for Benjamin Netanyahu, the then Prime Minister of Israel.

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A Foreign Affair

A Foreign Affair is a 1948 American romantic comedy film directed by Billy Wilder and starring Jean Arthur, Marlene Dietrich, and John Lund.

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A Jihad for Love

A Jihad for Love (preceded by a short film called In the Name of Allah) is a 2008 documentary film and was the world’s first film on Islam and homosexuality.

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A Responsible Plan to End the War in Iraq

A Responsible Plan to End the War in Iraq is a 36-page plan created by a group of United States Democratic congressional candidates, retired military officers and national security professionals that outlines policy measures (consisting of bills currently before the United States Congress) that the candidates pledged to support in the 2008 elections.

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A. Elizabeth Jones

A.

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A. G. V. Paley

Major General Alexander George Victor Paley (1903–1976) was a British Army officer who became the first Chief of the Defence Staff of Ghana.

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A. H. J. Prins

Adriaan Hendrik Johan Prins, generally known as A. H. J. Prins (1921, Harderwijk, Gelderland – 11 February 2000) was a Dutch Africanist and maritime anthropologist.

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A. M. Rosenthal

Abraham Michael Rosenthal (May 2, 1922 – May 10, 2006), also known as Abe Rosenthal, served as The New York Times Executive Editor (1977–1988), having served previously as the City Editor and Managing Editor, before becoming a columnist (1987–1999) and New York Daily News columnist (1999–2004).

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A.N.S.W.E.R.

Act Now to Stop War and End Racism (ANSWER), also known as International A.N.S.W.E.R. and the ANSWER Coalition, is a United States-based protest umbrella group consisting of many antiwar and civil rights organizations.

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Aérospatiale Gazelle

The Aérospatiale Gazelle is a French five-seat helicopter, commonly used for light transport, scouting and light attack duties.

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Aérospatiale SA 321 Super Frelon

The Aérospatiale (formerly Sud Aviation) SA 321 Super Frelon ("Super Hornet") is a three-engined heavy transport helicopter produced by aerospace manufacturer Sud Aviation (later Aérospatiale) of France.

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Aérospatiale SA 330 Puma

The Aérospatiale SA 330 Puma is a four-bladed, twin-engined medium transport/utility helicopter.

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Aşıklı Höyük

Aşıklı Höyük is a settlement mound located nearly 1 km south of Kızılkaya village on the bank of the Melendiz brook, and 25 kilometers south - east of Aksaray, Turkey.

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Ababil

The HESA Ababil (ابابیل, "swallow") is an Iranian UAV manufactured by the Iran Aircraft Manufacturing Industrial Company.

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Abadan International Airport

Abadan International Airport is situated 12 kilometers away from the city of Abadan, Iran.

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Abū Hayyān al-Tawhīdī

Ali ibn Mohammed ibn Abbas (923-1023) (علي بن محمد بن عباس) also known as Abū Hayyān al-Tawhīdī (أبو حيان التوحيدي) was one of the most influential intellectuals and thinkers of the 10th century.

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Abbadid dynasty

The Abbadid dynasty or Abbadids (Arabic,بنو عباد) was an Arab Muslim dynasty which arose in Al-Andalus on the downfall of the Caliphate of Cordoba (756–1031).

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Abbas al-Bayati

Natik Abbas Hasan al-Bayati is an Iraqi Shiite Turkmen politician and a member of the Iraqi National Assembly.

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Abbas al-Musawi

Abbas al Moussawi عباس الموسوي; 26 October 1952 – 16 February 1992) was an influential Lebanese Shia cleric, co-founder and Secretary General of Hezbollah. He was killed by the Israel Defense Forces in 1992.

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Abbas Almohri

Ayatollah Sayyed Abbas Almohri (1915–1988) (آية الله سيد عباس المهري) was one of the first Kuwaiti Shia scholars based in Kuwait.

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Abbas Doran

Abbas Doran (عباس دوران, October 22, 1950 in Shiraz – July 21, 1982 in Baghdad) was an acclaimed fighter pilot and is regarded as a national hero of Iran.

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Abbas Fahdel

Abbas Fahdel (Arabic عباس فاضل) is an Iraqi-French film director, screenwriter and film critic, born in Babylon, Iraq.

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Abbas ibn Ali

Al-Abbas ibn Ali (العباس بن علي, عباس فرزند علی), also Qamar Banī Hāshim (the moon of Banu Hashim) (born 4th Sha‘bān 26 AH – 10 Muharram 61 AH; approximately May 15, 647 – October 10, 680), was the son of Imam Ali, the first Imam of Shia Muslims and the fourth Caliph of Sunni Muslims, and Fatima bint Hizam, commonly known as Mother of the Sons ('أم البنين'). Abbas is revered by Shia Muslims for his loyalty to his half-brother Hussein, his respect for the Households of Muhammad, and his role in the Battle of Karbala. Abbas is buried in the Shrine of Abbas in Karbala, Karbala Governorate, Iraq, where he was martyred during the Battle of Karbala on the day of Ashura. He was praised for his "handsome looks".

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Abbas Khalaf

Dr.

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Abbas Obeid Jassim

Abbas Obeid Jassim (عباس عبيد جاسم), born on December 10, 1973 in Baghdad, Iraq, is an Iraqi football player.

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Abbasid Caliphate

The Abbasid Caliphate (or ٱلْخِلافَةُ ٱلْعَبَّاسِيَّة) was the third of the Islamic caliphates to succeed the Islamic prophet Muhammad.

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Abbotsbury, New South Wales

Abbotsbury is a suburb of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia 39 kilometres west of the Sydney central business district in the local government area of the City of Fairfield.

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Abboud Qanbar

Abboud Qanbar(عبود قنبر), also known as Abu Haidar, is an Iraqi General.

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ABC World News Tonight

ABC World News Tonight (titled as ABC World News Tonight with David Muir for its weeknight broadcasts since September 2014 and simply ABC World News Tonight for its weekend broadcasts) is the flagship daily evening television news program of ABC News, the news division of the American Broadcasting Company (ABC) television network in the United States.

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Abd al-Halim Abu Ghazala

Mohamed Abd al-Halim Abu Ghazala (1930–2008) (محمد عبد الحليم أبو غزاله) was Defense Minister of Egypt from 1981 to 1989, when he resighned due to difrences between him and Egyptian president Hosni mobarak The USA did not allow exporting certain materials used for making missile heads to the Egyptian military.

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Abd al-Husayn Sharaf al-Din al-Musawi

Abd al-Husayn Sharaf al-Din al-Musawi (عبدالحسين شرف الدين الموسوي) was a Shi'a twelver Islamic scholar.

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Abd al-Karim Qasim

Abd Al-Karim Qasim Muhammed Bakr Al-Fadhli Al-Zubaidi (عبد الكريم قاسم) (21 November 1914 – 9 February 1963), was a nationalist Iraqi Army brigadier who seized power in the 14 July Revolution, wherein the Iraqi monarchy was eliminated.

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Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan

Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan (عبد الملك ابن مروان ‘Abd al-Malik ibn Marwān, 646 – 8 October 705) was the 5th Umayyad caliph.

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Abd al-Nasir al-Janabi

Abdul Nasir Karim Yusuf al-Janabi is an Iraqi politician and a former member of the Iraqi Council of Representatives for the Sunni Arab-led Iraqi Accord Front.

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Abd al-Rahim al-Hasini

Abd al-Rahim Ahmad Ali al-Hasini is an Iraqi politician and secretary-general of the Shia Islamist Islamic Virtue Party, which is based in Basra.

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Abd al-Rahman ibn Khalid

‘Abd ar-Rahman ibn Khalid (616–667) (عبدالرحمن بن خالد) was the son of Khalid ibn Walid.

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Abd al-Rahman Shahbandar

Abd al-Rahman Shahbandar (1880 – June 1940) was a prominent Syrian nationalist during the French Mandate of Syria and a leading opponent of compromise with French authority.

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Abd Allah ibn al-Zubayr

`Abd Allah al-Zubayr or ibn Zubayr (عبد الله بن الزبير ‘Abdallāh ibn az-Zubayr; 624–692) was an Arab sahabi whose father was Zubayr ibn al-Awwam, and whose mother was Asma bint Abi Bakr, daughter of the first Caliph Abu Bakr.

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Abd Dhiyab al-Ajili

Abid Thiyab Al-Ajeeli (د.) (born 1950) is the current Iraqi Minister of Higher Education and Scientific Research in the government of Nouri al-Maliki.

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Abd El-Razzak El-Sanhuri

Abd el-Razzak el-Sanhuri or ‘Abd al-Razzāq al-Sanhūrī (1895–1971) (عبد الرزاق السنهوري) was an Egyptian, legal scholar and professor who drafted the revised Egyptian Civil Code of 1948.

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Abd-al-Masih (martyr)

Abd-al-Masih (or Abda) is the name of two Christian martyrs of the Middle Ages.

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Abdal

Abdāl (lit: substitutes, but which can also mean "generous" and "noble") is a term used in Islamic metaphysics and Islamic mysticism, both Sunni and Shiite, to refer to a particularly important group of God's saints.

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Abdallah Al Rowaished

Abdallah Al Rowaished(عبدالله الرويشد, born (July 18, 1961) is an Arab singer from Kuwait. To date, he has released over 30 albums.

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Abdallah al-Ajmi

Abdallah Saleh Ali Al Ajmi (2 August 1978 – 23 March 2008) was a Kuwaiti citizen, who was held in extrajudicial detention in the United States Guantanamo Bay detainment camps, in Cuba.

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Abdallah ibn Tahir al-Khurasani

Abdallah ibn Tahir (Persian: عبدالله طاهر, Arabic: عبد الله بن طاهر الخراساني) (ca. 798–844/5) was the Tahirid governor of Khurasan from 828 until his death.

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Abdallah II of Ifriqiya

Abu 'l-Abbas Abdallah II (Abū l-ʿAbbās ʿAbd Allāh; d. 27 July 903) was the tenth Emir of the Aghlabids in Ifriqiya (902–903).

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Abdallah Somekh

Hakham Abdallah (Ovadia) Somekh (1813–September 13, 1889) was a rosh yeshiva and posek of Iraqi Jewry.

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Abdel Basset Turki

Abdel Basset Turki al-Hadithi was Minister of Human Rights in the cabinet appointed by the Iraq Interim Governing Council in September 2003.

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Abdel Hadi Mahbooba

Abdel Hadi Mahbooba (d. 2005) was an Iraqi academic.

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Abdel Hussein Shandal

Abdel Hussein Shandal is an Iraqi politician who was the Justice Minister in the Iraqi Transitional Government.

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Abdel Wael Zwaiter

Abdel Wael Zwaiter (وائل زعيتر; 2 January 1934 – 16 October 1972) was a Palestinian translator, assassinated as the first target of Israel's Operation Wrath of God campaign following the 1972 Munich massacre.

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Abdel-Karim Mahoud al-Mohammedawi

Abdel-Karim Mahoud al-Mohammedawi was a member of the Interim Iraq Governing Council created following the United States's 2003 invasion of Iraq.

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Abdel-Sattar Abdel-Jabbar

Sheikh Abdel-Sattar Abdel-Jabbar (عبدالستار عبد الجبار) is one of the founding members of the joint Arab-Kurd Sunni Muslim Clerics Association.

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Abdelhadi Tazi

Abdelhadi Tazi (June 15, 1921 – April 2, 2015) was a scholar, writer, historian and former Moroccan ambassador in various countries.

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Abdelhamid Sharaf

Abdelhamid Sharaf (الشريف عبدالحميد شرف) (8 July 1939 – 3 July 1980), was Prime Minister of Jordan from December 1979 until his death of a heart attack after seven months in office.

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Abdelkader Belliraj

Abdelkader Belliraj (عبد القادر بليرج,; born 1957, Nador) is a Moroccan-Belgian citizen who was found guilty in 2009 of arms smuggling and planning terrorist attacks in Morocco.

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Abduction of Russian diplomats in Iraq

The 2006 abduction of Russian diplomats in Iraq took place on June 3, 2006 in Baghdad, Iraq when Iraqi insurgents ambushed a car belonging to the Russian Embassy.

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Abdul Ali Mazari

Abdul Ali Mazari (عبدلعلی مزاری) (1947 – March 1995) was the political leader of the Hizb-i-Wahdat party during and following the Soviet-Afghan War.

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Abdul Amir al-Jamri

Sheikh Abdul Amir al-Jamri (شيخ عبدالأمير الجمري; 1 March 1938 – 18 December 2006) was one of the most prominent Shia clerics and opposition leaders in Bahrain.

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Abdul Aziz al-Hakim

Abdul Aziz al-Hakim (سید عبد العزيز الحكيم; 1952 – 26 August 2009) was an Iraqi theologian and politician and the leader of Islamic Supreme Council of Iraq, a party that has approximately 5% support in the Iraqi Council of Representatives.

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Abdul Hadi al Iraqi

Abdul Hadi al Iraqi is the nom de guerre of Nashwan Abdulrazaq Abdulbaqi (نشوان عبد الرزاق عبد الباقي), an alleged senior member of al-Qaeda, Rewards for Justice Program, US Department of State, CBS News, 4 April 2006, Multi-National Force - Iraq, 3 July 2006 who is now in US custody at Guantanamo Bay detention camp in Cuba.

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Abdul Halim Khaddam

Abdul Halim Khaddam (عبد الحليم خدام; born 15 September 1932) is a Syrian politician who was Vice President of Syria from 1984 to 2005.

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Abdul Karim al-Anizi

Abdul Karim al-Anizi is an Iraqi politician and a member of the National Assembly of Iraq, representing Islamic Dawa Party - Iraq Organisation, the fifth largest party within the ruling United Iraqi Alliance coalition.

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Abdul Karim Al-Kabariti

Abdul Karim al-Kabariti (عبد الكريم الكباريتي; born 15 December 1949) was the prime minister of Jordan from 4 February 1996 to 9 March 1997.

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Abdul Nacer Benbrika

Abdul Nacer Benbrika (عبد الناصر بن بريكة) (born in Algeria about 1960), also known as Abu Bakr (Arabic: أبو بكر), is a convicted criminal and Muslim cleric of the Sunni Islam faith, currently serving an Australian custodial sentence of fifteen years, with a non-parole period of twelve years for intentionally being the leader and a member of a terrorist organisation.

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Abdul Qadir Al Rassam

Abdul Qadir Al Rassam, عبد القادر الرسام), 1952 - 1882), was born in Baghdad, Iraq and is one of the first generation of Iraqi artists to paint in the European style and to introduce local audiences to European art. He is noted for his portrait and landscapes painted in the Realist style.

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Abdul Qadir Gilani

Muḥyī-al-Dīn Abū Muḥammad b. Abū Sāleh ʿAbd al-Qādir al-Gīlānī (عبدالقادر گیلانی, عبدالقادر الجيلاني, Abdülkâdir Geylânî, Evdilqadirê Geylanî, عه‌بدوالقادری گه‌یلانی),B.

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Abdul Qadir Obeidi

General.

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Abdul Rahman Al-Sudais

Abdul Rahman Ibn Abdul Aziz as-Sudais (ʻAbd ar-Rahman ibn ʻAbd al-Aziz as-Sudais; born 10 February 1960 in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia) is the Imam of the Grand Mosque in Mecca, Saudi Arabia; the President of the General Presidency for the Affairs of the Two Holy Mosques; a renowned qāriʾ (reciter of the Qur'an); and was the Dubai International Holy Qur'an Award's "Islamic Personality Of the Year" in 2005.

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Abdul Rahman Arif

Hajj Abdul Rahman Mohammed Arif Aljumaily (Arabic عبد الرحمن محمد عارف الجميلي; April 14, 1916August 24, 2007) was President of Iraq, from April 16, 1966, to July 17, 1968.

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Abdul Rahman Mustafa

Abdul Rahman Mustafa, The Kurdish mayor-governor of Kirkuk, was elected in 2003 by multiethnic Kirkuk City Council under supervision of Coalition Provisional Authority in Post-Saddam Hussein Iraq.

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Abdul Razak al-Hashimi

Dr.

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Abdul Salam Arif

‘Abd ul-Salam Mohammed ‘Arif Aljumaily (عبد السلام محمد عارف الجميلي) (21 March 1921 – 13 April 1966) was President of Iraq from 1963 until his death in 1966.

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Abdul Sattar Abu Risha

Abdul Sattar Abu Risha (عبد الستار أبو ريشة) – Sheikh Abdul Sattar Eftikhan al-Rishawi الشيخ عبد الستار افتيخان الريشاوي – (born 1972 – September 13, 2007) was a high-profile Iraqi tribal sheikh of the Abu-Risha tribe.

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Abdul Wahid bin Zaid

Abdul Wahid bin Zaid Abul Fadl ('Abdul Wāḥid bin Zaid Abul Faḍl; died 21st Shawwal 793) was an early day Sufi Saint, a successor to Hasan al-Basri, second link in the Sufi Silsilah of Chishti Order, and the Master of Fudhail Bin Iyadh.

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Abdul-Aziz al-Samarrai Mosque

The Abdul-Aziz al-Samarrai Mosque is a mosque in Fallujah, Iraq that came to worldwide attention when militants holed up inside it directed small-arms and rocket fire at US Marines.

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Abdul-Aziz bin Muhammad

Imam Abdul Aziz bin Muhammad bin Saud (عبد العزيز بن محمد بن سعود) (d. 1803) was the second ruler of the First Saudi State and son of Muhammad bin Saud.

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Abdul-Latif Ali al-Mayah

Abdul-Latif Ali al-Mayah (1949 or 1950 – January 19, 2004) was a humanities professor born in Basra, who became chairman of the Arab World Research and Studies Centre at Mustansiriya University and head of the Baghdad Centre for Human Rights.

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Abdul-Majid al-Khoei

Sayyid Abdul Majid al-Khoei ((السيد عبد المجيد الخوئي) (Arabic), 16 August 1962 – 10 April 2003) was a Twelver Shia cleric and the son of Ayatollah Al-Udhma Sayyid Abul Qasim al-Khoei.

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Abdul-Muhsin Al-Saadoun

ʻAbd al-Muḥsin Saʻdūn or Abd al-Muhsin Al-Saadoon, KCMG (عبد المحسن السعدون) (1879 – November 13, 1929) was an Iraqi politician who served as Prime Minister of Iraq on four separate occasions between 1922 and 1929.

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Abdul-Rahman ibn Abi Bakr

Abdul-Rahman ibn Abi Bakr (died 666The Succession to Muhammad: A Study of the Early Caliphate By Wilferd Madelung. Page 340.Encyclopaedic ethnography of Middle-East and Central Asia: A-I, Volume 1 edited by R. Khanam. Page 543) was the eldest son of Abu Bakr, the first caliph in Sunni Islam.

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Abdul-Razzaq Ahmed Taha

Abdul-Razzaq Ahmed Taha (died aged 88) was an Iraqi chess player and former president of the Iraqi Chess Federation.

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Abdul-Satar al-Bahadli

Sheikh Abdul-Satar al-Bahadli is a senior Iraqi Shia cleric and confederate of Muqtada al-Sadr.

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Abdul-Wahab Abu Al-Hail

Abdul-Wahab Abu Al-Hail (عبدالوهاب ابولهیل, born 21 September 1976) is a coach and former Iraqi football midfielder.

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Abdul-Wahab Mirjan

Abdul-Wahab Mirjan (1909 – March 15, 1964) (عبد الوهاب مرجان) served as prime minister of Iraq (December 15, 1957 – March 3, 1958) at the time of that country's short-lived union with Jordan, which was formalized on February 14, 1958.

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Abdulameer Yousef Habeeb

Abdulameer Yousef Habeeb is an Iraqi artist and calligrapher living as of 2008 as a refugee in the United States.

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Abdullah Abu Azzam al-Iraqi

Abdallah Najim Abdallah Muhammad al-Juwari, also known as Abdullah Abu Azzam al-Iraqi ((died 25 September 2005), was a senior leader in Al-Qaeda in Iraq (AQI).

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Abdullah al-Amiri

Abdullah al-Amiri was a judge in the trial of Iraqi former president Saddam Hussein who was replaced after allegations of bias.

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Abdullah I Al-Sabah

Abdullah I bin Sabah Al-Sabah (Abdullah I; 1740 – 3 May 1814) was the second ruler of Kuwait, ruling from 1763 to 3 May 1814.

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Abdullah I of Jordan

Abdullah I bin al-Hussein, King of Jordan (عبد الله الأول بن الحسين, Abd Allāh ibn al-Husayn, February 1882 – 20 July 1951), born in Mecca, Hejaz, Ottoman Empire, was the second of three sons of Hussein bin Ali, Sharif and Emir of Mecca and his first wife Abdiyya bint Abdullah (d. 1886).

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Abdullah Kadhem Ruaid

Abdullah Kadhem Ruaid is a former Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party official in the Dujail region is Iraq, and the father of Mizher Abdullah Roweed Al-Musheikhi.

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Abdullah Shah Ghazi

Abdullah Shah Ghazi (عبد الله شاه غازي) (c. 720) was an eighth century Muslim mystic and Sufi whose shrine is located in the Clifton neighbourhood of Karachi, Pakistan.

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Abdulsalam Abdullah

Abdulsalam Abdullah Mohammad (born 1965) is the current Provincial Council Chairman (PCC) of Al Anbar Province, Iraq.

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Abdumuqit Vohidov

Abdumuqit Vohidov is a citizen of Tajikistan who was held in extrajudicial detention, for five years, in the United States' Guantanamo Bay detention camps, in Cuba.

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Abdurrahman Sharafkandi

Abdurrahman Sharafkandi or Hazhar or Hajar, (Hejar, هه‌ژار; هژار Hazhar) (April 13, 1921 – February 21, 1991), was a renowned Kurdish writer, poet, lexicographer, linguist, and translator, from Iran.

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Abed Hamed Mowhoush

Abed Hamed Mowhoush (Arabic "عبد حامد موحوش") was an air vice-marshal believed to be in command of the transport, logistics and airlifting division of the Iraqi Air Force during the regime of Saddam Hussein immediately prior to the 2003 Invasion of Iraq, until his surrender to United States forces on 10 November 2003.

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Abid Hamid Mahmud

Lieutenant General Abid Al-Hamid Mahmud al-Tikriti (عبد الحميد محمود التكريتي) (c. 1957 – June 7, 2012) was an Iraqi military officer under Saddam Hussein's deposed government.

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Abid Mutlak al-Jubouri

Abid Mutlag al-Jubouri is an Iraqi politician and was a Deputy Prime Minister in the Iraqi Transitional Government.

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Abkhaz language

Abkhaz (sometimes spelled Abxaz; Аԥсуа бызшәа //), also known as Abkhazian, is a Northwest Caucasian language most closely related to Abaza.

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Ablepharus kitaibelii

Ablepharus kitaibelii, commonly known as the European copper skink, juniper skink or European snake-eyed skink, is a species of lizard from the skink family (Scincidae).

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Abo of Tiflis

Abo of Tiflis (أبو التفليسي,; აბო თბილელი, abo tbileli; c. 756 – January 6, 786) was an Arab Christian martyr and the Patron Saint of the city of Tbilisi, Georgia.

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Abolhassan Banisadr

Seyyed Abolhassan Banisadr (Seyyed Abolhasan Banisadr; born 22 March 1933) is an Iranian politician and economist.

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Abondance cattle

The Abondance is a mixed race breed of cattle which originated in the high valleys of Haute-Savoie, France.

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Abortion law

Abortion law permits, prohibits, restricts, or otherwise regulates the availability of abortion.

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About Baghdad

About Baghdad is a documentary film shot in Baghdad, Iraq in 2003.

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Abraham in Islam

Ibrahim (ʾIbrāhīm), known as Abraham in the Hebrew Bible, is recognized as a prophet and messenger in Islam of God.

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Abrahamic religions

The Abrahamic religions, also referred to collectively as Abrahamism, are a group of Semitic-originated religious communities of faith that claim descent from the practices of the ancient Israelites and the worship of the God of Abraham.

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Abu 'Ali Chaghani

Abu 'Ali Ahmad Chaghani (ابوعلی احمد چغانی) (died 955) was the Muhtajid ruler of Chaghaniyan (939–955) and governor of Samanid Khurasan (939–945, 952–953).

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Abu Abdallah al-Shi'i

Abu Abdallah al-Husayn ibn Ahmad ibn Zakariyya al-Shi'i (ابو عبد الله الشيعي, Abū ʿAbd Allāh ash-Shi'ī; died 28 February 911) was a Da'i for the Isma'ilis in Yemen and North Africa, mainly active among the Kutama Berbers, whose teachings and conquest of Ifriqiya gave rise to the Fatimid Caliphate.

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Abu Al-Khaseeb

Abu Al-Khaseeb (sometimes spelled Abu Al-Khasib) is a town in Abu Al-Khaseeb District, Basra Governorate, southern Iraq.

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Abu al-Qasim al-Khoei

Abu al-Qasim al-Khoei (أبو القاسم الخوئي; سید ابوالقاسم خوئی) (November 19, 1899 – August 8, 1992) was an Iranian Shia cleric and one of the most influential Twelver Shia Islamic scholars (marja'), and the predecessor to Ali al-Sistani.

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Abu Anas al-Shami

Omar Yusef Juma'a (عمر يوسف جمعة), known as Abu Anas al-Shami (أبو أنس الشامي), was a senior leader in the Jama'at al-Tawhid wal Jihad militant group during the Iraq War.

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Abu Ayyub al-Masri

Abu Ayyub al-Masri (أبو أيّوب المصري,; translation: "Father of Ayyub the Egyptian") (ca. 1968 – 18 April 2010), also known as (in Arabic), US Department of State.

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Abu Bakar Bashir

Abu Bakar Bashir (أبو بكر باعشير) also Abubakar Ba'asyir, Abdus Somad, and Ustad Abu ("Teacher Abu"); born 17 August 1938) is an Indonesian Muslim cleric and leader of Jamaah Ansharut Tauhid. He ran the Al-Mukmin boarding school in Ngruki, Central Java, which he co-founded with Abdullah Sungkar in 1972. He was in exile in Malaysia for 17 years during the secular New Order administration of President Suharto resulting from various activities, including urging the implementation of Sharia law. Intelligence agencies and the United Nations claim he is the spiritual head of Jemaah Islamiyah (also known as JI) and has links with Al-Qaeda. In August 2014, he publicly pledged allegiance to Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, leader of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) and his declaration of a caliphate.

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Abu Bakr

Abū Bakr aṣ-Ṣiddīq ‘Abdallāh bin Abī Quḥāfah (أبو بكر الصديق عبد الله بن أبي قحافة; 573 CE23 August 634 CE), popularly known as Abu Bakr (أبو بكر), was a senior companion (Sahabi) and—through his daughter Aisha—the father-in-law of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. Abu Bakr became the first openly declared Muslim outside Muhammad's family.Muhammad Mustafa Al-A'zami (2003), The History of The Qur'anic Text: From Revelation to Compilation: A Comparative Study with the Old and New Testaments, p.26, 59. UK Islamic Academy.. Abu Bakr served as a trusted advisor to Muhammad. During Muhammad's lifetime, he was involved in several campaigns and treaties.Tabqat ibn al-Saad book of Maghazi, page no:62 He ruled over the Rashidun Caliphate from 632 to 634 CE when he became the first Muslim Caliph following Muhammad's death. As caliph, Abu Bakr succeeded to the political and administrative functions previously exercised by Muhammad. He was commonly known as The Truthful (الصديق). Abu Bakr's reign lasted for 2 years, 2 months, 2 weeks and 1 day ending with his death after an illness.

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Abu Bakr ibn al-Arabi

Abu Bakr ibn al-Arabi or, in full Muḥammad b. ʿAbdallāh, Ibn al-ʿArabī al-Maʿāfirī, al-Išbīlī, Abū Bakr (أبو بكر بن العربي born in Sevilla in 1076 and died in Fez in 1148) was a judge and scholar of Maliki law from al-Andalus.

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Abu Daoud

Mohammad Daoud Oudeh (محمد داود عودة), commonly known by his nom de guerre Abu Daoud or Abu Dawud (أبو داود) 1937, – 3 July 2010) was a Palestinian known as the planner, architect and mastermind of the Munich massacre. He served in a number of commanding functions in Fatah's armed units in Lebanon and Jordan.

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Abu Dawood

Abu Dawud Sulaymān ibn al-Ash‘ath al-Azdi as-Sijistani أبو داود سليمان بن الأشعث الأزدي السجستاني), commonly known simply as Abu Dawud, was a Persian scholar of prophetic hadith who compiled the third of the six "canonical" hadith collections recognized by Sunni Muslims, the Sunan Abu Dāwūd.

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Abu Deraa

Ismail Hafidh Al-Lami — known as "Abu Deraa" (Arabic: أبو درع, "Father of the Shield") — is an Iraqi Shia warlord whose men have been accused of terrorizing and killing Sunnis.

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Abu Dhabi Film Festival

Abu Dhabi Film Festival (ADFF) (مهرجان أبو ظبي السينمائي), formerly Middle East International Film Festival, is an international film festival which started in 2007.

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Abu Disher

Abu Disher, also known as Abu Disheer, is a neighborhood of Baghdad, Iraq.

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Abu Firas al-Hamdani

Al-Harith ibn Abi’l-ʿAlaʾ Saʿid ibn Hamdan al-Taghlibi (932–968), better known by his nom de plume of Abu Firas al-Hamdani (أبو فراس الحمداني), was an Arab prince and poet.

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Abu Flous Port

Abu Flous Port (ميناء أبو فلوس) is an Iraqi port.

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Abu Ghadiya

Abu Ghadiya (أبو غادية), born Badran Turki Hishan al-Mazidi (بدران تركي هيشان المزيدي) sometime between 1977-1979 in Mosul, was a Sunni militant active with al-Qaeda in Iraq (AQI).

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Abu Ghraib

Abu Ghraib (أبو غريب, Abū Ghurayb) is a city in the Baghdad Governorate of Iraq, located just west of Baghdad's city center, or northwest of Baghdad International Airport.

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Abu Ghraib District

Abu-Ghraib is a district in Baghdad Governorate, Iraq.

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Abu Ghraib prison

Abu Ghraib prison (Arabic: سجن أبو غريب‎ Sijn Abū Ghurayb; also Abu Ghuraib, lit. 'Father of Raven', or 'Place of Ravens'2) now known as The Baghdad Central Prison (Arabic: سجن بغداد المركزي‎ Sijn Baġdād al-Markizī), was a prison complex in Abu Ghraib, an Iraqi city 32 km (20 mi) west of Baghdad that operated from its construction in the 1950s until its closure in the 2010s.

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Abu Ghraib torture and prisoner abuse

During the war in Iraq that began in March 2003, personnel of the United States Army and the Central Intelligence Agency committed a series of human rights violations against detainees in the Abu Ghraib prison in Iraq.

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Abu Hanifa

Abū Ḥanīfa al-Nuʿmān b. Thābit b. Zūṭā b. Marzubān (أبو حنيفة نعمان بن ثابت بن زوطا بن مرزبان; c. 699 – 767 CE), known as Abū Ḥanīfa for short, or reverently as Imam Abū Ḥanīfa by Sunni Muslims, was an 8th-century Sunni Muslim theologian and jurist of Persian origin,Pakatchi, Ahmad and Umar, Suheyl, “Abū Ḥanīfa”, in: Encyclopaedia Islamica, Editors-in-Chief: Wilferd Madelung and, Farhad Daftary.

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Abu Hanifa Mosque

The Abu Hanifa Mosque (مسجد أبو حنيفة) or (مسجد أبي حنيفة) also known as (جامع الإمام الأعظم) is one of the most prominent Sunni mosques in Baghdad, Iraq.

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Abu Hishma

Abu Hishma (أبو هشمة) is a small Iraqi town, with a population of approximately 7,000.

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Abu Isa

Abu 'Isa (also known as Ovadiah, Ishaq ibn Ya'qub al-Isfahani, Isaac ibn Jacob al-Isfahani) was a self-proclaimed Jewish prophet sometime in the 8th century AD in Persia and the leader of a short-lived revolt.

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Abu Isa al-Warraq

Abu 'Isa al-Warraq, full name Abu 'Isa Muhammad ibn Harun al-Warraq (أبو عيسى محمد ابن هارون الوراق Abū ʿĪsā Muḥammad ibn Hārūn al-Warrāq, 889 – 24 June 994), was a 9th-century Arab skeptic scholar and critic of Islam and religion in general.

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Abu Kalijar

Abu Kalijar Marzuban (died October 1048) was the Buyid amir of Fars (1024–1048), Kerman (1028–1048) and Iraq (1044–1048).

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Abu Kamal

Abu Kamal or Al-Bukamal (البوكمال) is a city on the Euphrates river in the Deir ez-Zor Governorate of eastern Syria near the border with Iraq.

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Abu Maʿshar

Abu Maʿshar, Latinized as Albumasar (also Albusar, Albuxar; full name Abū Maʿshar Jaʿfar ibn Muḥammad ibn ʿUmar al-Balkhī أبو معشر جعفر بن محمد بن عمر البلخي; –, AH 171–272), was an early Persian Muslim astrologer, thought to be the greatest astrologer of the Abbasid court in Baghdad.

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Abu Mansur Fulad Sutun

Abu Mansur Fulad Sutun (ابو منصور فولاد ستون, died 1062) was the last Buyid amir of Fars, ruling more or less continuously from 1048 until his death.

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Abu Mansur Mauhub al-Jawaliqi

Abu Mansur Mauhub al-Jawaliqi (April 1074– 17 July 1144), Arab grammarian, was born in Baghdad, where he studied philology under Tibrizi and became famous for his handwriting.

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Abu Muhammad al-Maqdisi

Abu Muhammad al-Maqdisi (أبو محمد المقدسي), or more fully Abu Muhammad Essam al-Maqdisi (أبو محمد عصام المقدسي), is the assumed name of Essam Muhammad Tahir al-Barqawi (عصام محمد طاهر البرقاوي), an Islamist Jordanian-Palestinian writer.

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Abu Musab al-Zarqawi

Abu Musab al-Zarqawi (أبو مصعب الزرقاوي,, Abu Musab from Zarqa;; October 20, 1966 – June 7, 2006), born Ahmad Fadeel al-Nazal al-Khalayleh (أحمد فضيل النزال الخلايلة), was a Jordanian jihadist who ran a paramilitary training camp in Afghanistan.

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Abu Muslim

Abu Muslim Abd al-Rahman ibn Muslim al-Khorasani or al-Khurasani (أبو مسلم عبد الرحمن بن مسلم الخراساني born 718-19 or 723-27, died in 755), born Behzādān Pūr-i Vandād Hormoz (بهزادان پور ونداد هرمزد), was a Persian general in service of the Abbasid dynasty, who led the Abbasid Revolution that toppled the Umayyad dynasty.

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Abu Omar al-Kurdi

Abu Omar al-Kurdi, real name Sami Muhammad Ali Said al-Jaaf (1968–2007), was a top bombmaker for Abu Musab al-Zarqawi's organization in Iraq, Jama'at al-Tawhid wal-Jihad.

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Abu Omar al-Saif

Abu Omar al-Saif (أبو عمر السيف)(1968/69-2005) was an informal name or nom de guerre of a Saudi Islamist and fighter operating first in Afghanistan (1986–1988) and later in the North Caucasus (1996–2005) as the mufti of Arab fighters in Chechnya, allegedly with close ties to al-Qaeda.

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Abu Salabikh

The low tells at Abu Salabikh, around northwest of the site of ancient Nippur in Al-Qādisiyyah Governorate, Iraq mark the site of a small Sumerian city of the mid third millennium BCE, with cultural connections to the cities of Kish, Mari and Ebla.

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Abu Tahir al-Jannabi

Abū Tāhir Sulaymān al-Jannābī (906–944) (ابو طاهر سلیمان الجنّابي) was the ruler of the Qarmatian state in Bahrain (historical region) and Eastern Arabia, who in 930 led the sacking of Mecca.

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Abu Ubaidah ibn al-Jarrah

Abu Ubaidah ibn al-Jarrah, fully Abū ‘Ubaydah ‘Āmir ibn ‘Abdillāh ibn al-Jarāḥ (أبو عبيدة عامر بن عبدالله بن الجراح; 583–639 CE), was one of companions of the Islamic prophet Muhammad.

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Abu Yusuf

Yaqub ibn Ibrahim al-Ansari, better known as Abu Yusuf (أبو يوسف) (d.798) was a student of jurist Abu Hanifah (d.767) who helped spread the influence of the Hanafi school of Islamic law through his writings and the government positions he held.

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Abu'l-Qásim Faizi

Abu'l-Qásim Faizi or Fayḍí (1906–1980) was a Persian Bahá'í.

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Abu'l-Saj Devdad

Abu'l-Saj Devdad (died 879) was a Sogdian prince, who was of the most prominent emirs, commanders and officials of the Abbasid Caliphate.

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Abu-l-'Atahiya

Abū l-ʻAtāhiyya (أبو العتاهية, full name Abu Isħaq Ismā'īl ibn Qāsim al-ʻAnazī,أبو إسحاق إسماعيل إبن قاسم العنزي, (748–828)) was an Arab poet born in Ayn al-Tamr in the Iraqi desert, near al-Anbar.

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Abul Fateh

Abul Fateh (16 May 1924 – 4 December 2010) was a Bangladeshi diplomat, statesman and Sufi who was one of the founding fathers of South Asian diplomacy after the Second World War, having been the founder and inaugural Director of Pakistan's Foreign Service Academy and subsequently becoming Bangladesh's first Foreign Secretary when it gained its independence in 1971.

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Abul Hasan ash-Shadhili

Abu al-Hasan ash-Shadhili (أبو الحسن الشاذلي) (full name: Abu al-Hasan ʿAli ibn ʿAbd Allaah ibn ʿAbd al-Jabbaar al-Hasanī wal-Husaynī ash-Shadhili) also known as Sheikh al-Shadhili is an influential Moroccan Islamic scholar and Sufi, founder of the Shadhili Sufi order.

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Abul Kalam Azad

Maulana Sayyid Abul Kalam Ghulam Muhiyuddin Ahmed bin Khairuddin Al-Hussaini Azad (11 November 1888 – 22 February 1958) was an Indian scholar and the senior Muslim leader of the Indian National Congress during the Indian independence movement.

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Academi

Academi is an American private military company founded in 1997 by former Navy SEAL officer Erik Prince as Blackwater, renamed as Xe Services in 2009 and now known as Academi since 2011 after the company was acquired by a group of private investors.

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Academy of Gondishapur

The Academy of Gondishapur (فرهنگستان گندی‌شاپور, Farhangestân-e Gondišâpur), also known as The Jondishapur University (دانشگاه جندی‌شاپور Dânešgâh-e Jondišapur), was one of the three Sasanian centers of education (Ctesiphon, Resaina, Gundeshapur) and academy of learning in the city of Gundeshapur, Iran during late antiquity, the intellectual center of the Sasanian Empire.

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Achaemenid Assyria

Athura (𐎠𐎰𐎢𐎼𐎠 Aθurā), also called Assyria Babylonia, was a geographical area within the Persian Achaemenid Empire held by the last nobility of Aššur (Akkadian), known as Athura (Neo-Aramaic) or Atouria (Greek), during the period of 539 BC to 330 BC as a military protectorate state of Persia under the rule of Cyrus the Great.

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Acherontia styx

Acherontia styx, the lesser death's head hawkmoth or bee robber, is a sphingid moth found in Asia, one of the three species of death's-head hawkmoth.

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Achillea filipendulina

Achillea filipendulina (common names yarrow, fernleaf yarrow, milfoil, nosebleed) is an Asian species of flowering herbaceous perennial plants in the sunflower family, native to central and southwestern Asia (Kazakhstan, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iran, Iraq, Turkey, Caucasus).

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Acinetobacter

Acinetobacter is a genus of Gram-negative bacteria belonging to the wider class of Gammaproteobacteria.

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Acrassicauda

Acrassicauda is an American-based Iraqi thrash metal band formed in 2001.

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Acronicta auricoma

The scarce dagger (Acronicta auricoma) is a moth of the family Noctuidae.

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Action Against Hunger

Action Against Hunger (or Action Contre La Faim (ACF) in French) is a global humanitarian organization which originated in France and is committed to ending world hunger.

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Action of Khan Baghdadi

The Action of Khan Baghdadi was an engagement during the Mesopotamian Campaign in World War I.

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Acts of God (James BeauSeigneur novel)

Acts of God is the concluding novel of the Christ Clone Trilogy, written by James BeauSeigneur.

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Ad-Dawr

Ad-Dawr (الدور; pronounced similar to "door") also known as Al-Dour, is a small agricultural town near the Iraqi town of Tikrit.

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Adab (city)

Adab or Udab (Sumerian: Adabki, spelled UD.NUNKI) was an ancient Sumerian city between Telloh and Nippur.

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Adam Kokesh

Adam Charles Kokesh (born February 1, 1982) is an American Libertarian and anti-war political activist who has announced plans to run for President in 2020 on the platform of an "orderly dissolution of the federal government.".

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Adana

Adana (Ադանա) is a major city in southern Turkey.

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Adana kebabı

Adana kebabı (colloquially known as Kıyma kebabı) is a long, hand-minced meat kebab mounted on a wide iron skewer and grilled on an open mangal filled with burning charcoal.

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Addai II Giwargis

Mar Addai II, Catholicos-Patriarch of the Ancient Church of the East (Syriac: ܡܪܝ ܐܕܝ), born Shlemun Giwargis, (born in Iraq on 1 August 1946, although some sources cite 1948) is the incumbent Catholicos Patriarch of the Ancient Church of the East and resides in the Apostolic See of Seleucia-Ctesiphon in Baghdad, Iraq.

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Address (geography)

An address is a collection of information, presented in a mostly fixed format, used to give the location of a building, apartment, or other structure or a plot of land, generally using political boundaries and street names as references, along with other identifiers such as house or apartment numbers.

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Adel Darwish

Adel Alexander Darwish (عادل درويش) is a Westminster-based British political journalist, a veteran Fleet Street reporter, author, historian, broadcaster, and political commentator.

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Adema

Adema is a nu metal band from Bakersfield, California.

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Adhamiyah

Al-Adhamiyah (الأعظمية, al-aʿẓamiyyah; BGN: Al A‘z̧amīyah), also Azamiya, is a neighborhood and east-central district of the city of Baghdad, Iraq.

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Adiabene

Adiabene (from the Ancient Greek Ἀδιαβηνή, Adiabene, itself derived from ܚܕܝܐܒ, or, Middle Persian: Nodshēragān, Armenian: Նոր Շիրական, Nor Shirakan) was an ancient kingdom in Assyria, with its capital at Arbela (modern-day Erbil, Iraq).

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Adib Shishakli

Adib Bin Hassan Al-Shishakli (أديب بن حسن الشيشكلي, Edip Çiçekli; 1909 – 27 September 1964) was a Syrian military leader and President of Syria (1953–54).

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Adil Abdul-Mahdi

Adil Abdul-Mahdi al-Muntafiki (عادل عبد المهدي المنتفكي) is an Iraqi Shi'a politician, economist, and was one of the Vice Presidents of Iraq from 2005 to 2011.

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Adil Shahi dynasty

The Adil Shahi or Adilshahi, was a Shia Muslim dynasty, founded by Yusuf Adil Shah, that ruled the Sultanate of Bijapur, centred on present-day Bijapur district, Karnataka in India, in the Western area of the Deccan region of Southern India from 1489 to 1686.

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Adil Shamoo

Adil E. Shamoo (born August 1, 1941) is an Assyrian biochemist with an interest in biomedical ethics and foreign policy.

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Administrative districts in Baghdad

There are nine administrative districts in the city of Baghdad, the capital of Iraq, that correspond to the nine district advisory councils.

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Administrative divisions of Iraq

The main subdivision in Iraq is the 18 muhafazah, also known as governorates or provinces.

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Adnan

Adnan (عدنان) is the traditional ancestor of the Adnanite Arabs of Northern, Western and Central Arabia, as opposed to the Qahtanite Arabs of Southern Arabia who descend from Qahtan.

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Adnan al-Janabi

Adnan Abd al-Munim al-Janabi (عدنان عبد المنعم الجنابي) is an Iraqi politician, tribal leader and economist who was a Minister of State in the Iraqi Interim Government from June 2004 to January 2005.

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Adnan Al-Sayegh

Adnan al-Sayegh (born 1955 in Al-Kufa, Iraq), "is one of the most original voices from the generation of Iraqi poets known as the Eighties Movement.

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Adnan al-Zurufi

Adnan al-Zurufi was the US-appointed governor of Najaf Governorate appointed May 2004.

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Adnan Hamad

Adnan Hamad Majid Al-Abbassi (born February 1, 1961) is an Iraqi football manager and former player.

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Adnan Karim

Adnan Karim (عه‌دنان كه‌ریم) (born in Kirkuk 1963) is a prominent Kurdish singer from Kirkuk, Iraq.

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Adnan Khairallah

Adnan Khairallah (عدنان خير الله طلفاح; died 4 May 1989), was Saddam Hussein's brother-in-law (Sajida Talfah's brother and Khairallah Talfah's son) and cousin.

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Adnan Koucher

Prof.

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Adnan Pachachi

Adnan al-Pachachi or Adnan Muzahim Ameen al-Pachachi (عدنان الباجه جي) (born May 14, 1923) is a veteran Iraqi politician and diplomat who served as Foreign Minister.

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Adopt-A-Minefield

Adopt-A-Minefield is a United Kingdom-based charity which raises awareness about landmines and their associated problems, and raises funds to clear minefields and help survivors of landmine accidents.

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Adrian Johns

Vice Admiral Sir Adrian James Johns, (born 1 September 1951) is a former senior officer in the Royal Navy, serving as Second Sea Lord between 2005 and 2008.

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Adrian Weale

Adrian Weale (born 9 February 1964) is a British writer, journalist, illustrator and photographer of Welsh origin.

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Adventure in Iraq

Adventure in Iraq is a 1943 American adventure film directed by D. Ross Lederman and starring John Loder, Ruth Ford, Warren Douglas and Paul Cavanagh.

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Aegis Defence Services

Aegis Defence Services is a British private military and private security company with overseas offices in Afghanistan, the United Arab Emirates, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Libya, Somalia and Mozambique.

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Aerial bombing of cities

The aerial bombing of cities in warfare is an optional element of strategic bombing which became widespread during World War I. The bombing of cities grew to a vast scale in World War II, and is still practiced today.

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AerianTur-M

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Afak

Afak (عفك) is a town in Al Diwaniyah Governorate, Iraq.

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AFC Champions League

The AFC Champions League, commonly known as the Asian Champions League, is an annual continental club football competition organised by the Asian Football Confederation (AFC).

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Afghan babbler

The Afghan babbler (Turdoides huttoni) is a species of bird in the family Leiothrichidae.

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Afghan National Army Commando Corps

The Afghan National Army Commando Corps (formerly ANA Commando Brigade; ANA Commando Battalion) is an elite special operations commando force of Afghan National Army.

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Afghanistan national football team results

The followings are the Afghanistan national football team results in international matches.

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Afghans in the United Kingdom

Afghans in the United Kingdom include British citizens and non-citizen residents born in, or with ancestors from, Afghanistan.

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Afikim

Afikim is an Israeli kibbutz affiliated with the Kibbutz Movement located in the Jordan Valley three kilometers from the Sea of Galilee.

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African Association

The Association for Promoting the Discovery of the Interior Parts of Africa (commonly known as the African Association), founded in London on 9 June 1788, was a British club dedicated to the exploration of West Africa, with the mission of discovering the origin and course of the Niger River and the location of Timbuktu, the "lost city" of gold.

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African darter

The African darter (Anhinga rufa), sometimes called the snakebird, is a water bird of sub-Saharan Africa and Iraq.

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African sacred ibis

The African sacred ibis (Threskiornis aethiopicus) is a species of ibis, a wading bird of the Threskiornithidae family.

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Afro-Iraqi

Afro-Iraqis are an ethnic group that is descended from people of Zanj heritage in Iraq.

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Afsharid dynasty

The Afsharid dynasty (افشاریان) were members of an Iranian dynasty that originated from the Turkic Afshar tribe in Iran's north-eastern province of Khorasan, ruling Persia in the mid-eighteenth century.

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After the Empire

After the Empire: The Breakdown of the American Order (Après L'Empire: essai sur la décomposition du système américain) is a 2001 book by Emmanuel Todd.

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Aga Khan Award for Architecture

The Aga Khan Award for Architecture (AKAA) is an architectural prize established by Aga Khan IV in 1977.

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Aga Khan II

Aga Khan II (آقا خان دوّم; Āghā Khān-i Duvvum or, less commonly but more correctly آقا خان دوّم Āqā Khān-i Duvvum), was the title of Aqa Ali Shah (آقا علی شاه Āqā ‘Alī Shāh; b. 1830 in Mahallat, Iran; d. August 1885 in Pune, India), the 47th Imam of the Nizari Ismaili Muslims.

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Against All Enemies

Against All Enemies: Inside America's War on Terror is a 2004 award-winning2005, (Index to lists of winners through 2006).

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Agatha Christie

Dame Agatha Mary Clarissa Christie, Lady Mallowan, (born Miller; 15 September 1890 – 12 January 1976) was an English writer.

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Age of candidacy

Age of candidacy is the minimum age at which a person can legally qualify to hold certain elected government offices.

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Age of consent

The age of consent is the age below which a minor is considered to be legally incompetent to consent to sexual acts.

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Age of majority

The age of majority is the threshold of adulthood as recognized or declared in law.

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Agency for Technical Cooperation and Development

ACTED (French: Agence d'Aide à la Coopération Technique Et au Développement), formerly 'Agency for Technical Cooperation and Development', is a French humanitarian NGO established in 1993.

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Ages of consent in Asia

The legal age of consent for sexual activity varies by jurisdiction across Asia, from age 12 to 21.

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Agha Mohammad Khan Qajar

Agha Mohammad Khan Qajar (translit; 14 March 1742 – 17 June 1797), also known by his regnal name of Agha Mohammad Shah (آقا محمد شاه), was the founder of the Qajar dynasty of Iran, ruling from 1789 to 1797 as king (shah).

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Agip

Agip (Azienda Generale Italiana Petroli—General Italian Oil Company) is an Italian former automotive gasoline, diesel, LPG, lubricants, fuel oil, and bitumen retailer established in 1926.

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AGM-114 Hellfire

The AGM-114 Hellfire is an air-to-surface missile (ASM) first developed for anti-armor use, but later models were developed for precision strikes against other target types, and have been used in a number of targeted killings of high-profile individuals.

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AGM-154 Joint Standoff Weapon

The AGM-154 Joint Standoff Weapon (JSOW) is the product of a joint venture between the United States Navy and Air Force to deploy a standardized medium range precision guided weapon, especially for engagement of defended targets from outside the range of standard anti-aircraft defenses, thereby increasing aircraft survivability and minimizing friendly losses.

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AGM-84E Standoff Land Attack Missile

No description.

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AGM-86 ALCM

The AGM-86 ALCM is an American subsonic air-launched cruise missile (ALCM) built by Boeing and operated by the United States Air Force.

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Agriculture in Australia

Australia is a major agricultural producer and exporter, with over 325,300 employed in Agriculture, forestry and fishing as of February 2015.

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Agriculture in Jordan

Agriculture in Jordan contributed substantially to the economy at the time of Jordan's independence, but it subsequently suffered a decades-long steady decline.

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Agusta A129 Mangusta

The Agusta A129 Mangusta (Mongoose) is an attack helicopter originally designed and produced by Italian company Agusta.

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Ahituv

Ahituv (אֲחִיטוּב) is a moshav in central Israel.

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Ahlul Bayt Islamic Centre

The Ahlul Bayt Islamic Centre is the main Shia Islamic centre in Ireland and is situated at Milltown Bridge, Dublin.

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Ahlulbait University College

Ahlulbait University College is a private Iraqi university established in 2003 in Kerbala, Iraq.

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Ahmad Abdul-Jabar

Ahmad Abdul-Jabar (احمد عبدالجبار) (born 8 January 1978 in Iraq) is an Iraqi football player who currently plays for Baghdad FC in Iraq and Iraq national football team player.

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Ahmad al-Badawi

Aḥmad al-Badawī (أحمد البدوى), also known as Al-Sayyid al-Badawī (السيد البدوى), or as al-Badawī for short, or reverentially as Shaykh al-Badawī by all those Sunni Muslims who venerate saints, was a 13th-century Moroccan Sunni Muslim mystic who became famous as the founder of the Badawiyyah order of Sufism.

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Ahmad al-Hassan

Ahmad al-Hassan, full name Ahmad bin Ismail bin Saleh bin Hussain bin Salman (احمد بن اسماعيل بن صالح بن الحسين بن سلمان, born in Basra, Iraq) is the leader of the Shia Iraqi movement Ansar of Imam al-Mahdi who claims to be the savior of mankind.

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Ahmad al-Jaber Air Base

Ahmad al-Jaber Air Base is a Kuwait Air Force base that is home to 3 Kuwait Air Force F/A-18 C/D squadrons: 9 Squadron, 25 Squadron, and 61 Squadron.

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Ahmad al-Muhajir

Ahmad al-Muhajir (أحمد المهاجر,,; 260-345 AH or 873-956 CE) also known as Al-Imām Aḥmad bin ʻIsa was an Imam Mujtahid and the progenitor of Ba 'Alawi sada group which is instrumental in spreading Islam to India, Southeast Asia and Africa.

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Ahmad Ali Jaber

Ahmad Ali Jaber (أحمد علي جابر) (born 2 August 1982 in Baghdad, Iraq) is an Iraqi football goalkeeper.

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Ahmad Batebi

Ahmad Batebi (احمد باطبی; born July 25, 1977) is an Iranian activist who was designated a prisoner of conscience by Amnesty International.

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Ahmad Husayn Khudayir as-Samarrai

Ahmed Husayn Khudayir as-Samarrai (أحمد حسين خضير السامرائي) (born July 2, 1941) was Prime Minister of Iraq from 1993 to 1994, during the rule of President Saddam Hussein.

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Ahmad ibn Hanbal

Aḥmad bin Muḥammad bin Ḥanbal Abū ʿAbd Allāh al-Shaybānī (احمد بن محمد بن حنبل ابو عبد الله الشيباني; 780–855 CE/164–241 AH), often referred to as Aḥmad ibn Ḥanbal or Ibn Ḥanbal for short, or reverentially as Imam Aḥmad by Sunni Muslims, was an Arab Muslim jurist, theologian, ascetic, and hadith traditionist.

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Ahmad Jalayir

Sultan Ahmad was a Jalayirid ruler (1382–1410).

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Ahmad Jannati

Ayatollah Ahmad Jannati (احمد جنتی, born 23 February 1927) is an Iranian Shi'i cleric and a conservative politician.

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Ahmad Kadhim Assad

Ahmed Kadhim Assad (Arabic: احمد کاظم عصاد) (born on July 1, 1976) is an Iraqi professional footballer.

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Ahmad Karzan

Ahmad Mohammed Karzan Mahmoud (احمد محمد كارزان محمود; born 10 October 1987 in Iraq) is an Iraqi footballer of Kurdish ethnicity.

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Ahmad Latiff Khamaruddin

Ahmad Latiff Khamarudin (born 29 May 1979) is a former professional footballer who last plays for the Tanjong Pagar United in the S.League.

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Ahmad Mnajed

Ahmad Mnajed Abbas (أحمد مناجد) (born December 13, 1981) is an Iraqi footballer.

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Ahmad Mukhtar Baban

Ahmad Mukhtar Baban (1900 &ndash) (أحمد مختار بابان) was the last Prime Minister of Iraq under the monarchy in 1958.

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Ahmad Salah Alwan

Ahmad Salah Alwan (أحمد صلاح علوان; born March 9, 1979 in Iraq) was an Iraqi footballer who is currently the head coach of Erbil.

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Ahmad Sanjar

Ahmad Sanjar (Persian: احمد سنجر; full name: Muizz ad-Dunya wa ad-Din Adud ad-Dawlah Abul-Harith Ahmad Sanjar ibn Malik-Shah) (b. 1085 – d. 8 May 1157) was the Seljuq ruler of Khorasan from 1097 until in 1118 Encyclopædia Iranica when he became the Sultan of the Seljuq Empire, which he ruled as until his death in 1157.

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Ahmad Shah Qajar

Ahmad Shāh Qājār (احمد شاه قاجار; 21 January 1898 – 21 February 1930) was Shah of Persia (Iran) from 16 July 1909 to 15 December 1925, and the last ruling member of the Qajar dynasty.

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Ahmad-Reza Radan

Brigadier-General Ahmad-Reza Radan is the current head of Centre for Strategic Studies of the Iranian Law Enforcement Force.

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Ahmed Abd al-Karim al-Saadi

Ahmed Abd al-Karim al-Saadi aka Abu Mohjen is a Palestinian who became the leader of Osbat al-Ansar in 1991 after founder Sheik Hisham Shreidi was killed by Fatah rivals.

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Ahmed Abu Risha

Sheik Ahmed Bezaa Abu Risha (Arabic: أحمد أبو ريشة) is a Sunni leader in the Al-Anbar province, and led the movement of Sunni tribesmen known as the Anbar Salvation Council.

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Ahmed Ajaj

Ahmed Mohammad Ajaj (أحمد محمد عجاج; also transliterated Ahmad Mohammad Ajaj; born 1966) was convicted of participating in the 1993 World Trade Center bombing.

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Ahmed Al Safi

Ahmed Al Safi (احمد الصافي, born 1971) is an Iraqi sculptor and painter.

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Ahmed Al-Waeli

Ahmed Al-Waeli Al-Laithi Al-Kinani (1928–2003) (الدكتور الشيخ أحمد الوائلي الليثي الكناني.) was a prominent Shi'a Islamic cleric, who preached the Islamic thoughts through books and lectures.

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Ahmed Barzani

Ahmed Barzani (1896 – 11 January 1969) (ئه‌حمه‌د موحه‌ممه‌د بارزانی / Ehmed Mihemed Barzanî), also known as Khudan (خودان), was the head of the Barzani tribe in Northern Iraq.

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Ahmed bin Abdulaziz Al Saud

Ahmed bin Abdulaziz (احمد بن عبد العزيز آل سعود) (born 1942) is a member of House of Saud who served as deputy minister of interior of Saudi Arabia from 1975 to 2012 and briefly as minister of interior in 2012.

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Ahmed Chalabi

Ahmed Abdel Hadi Chalabi (أحمد عبد الهادي الجلبي; 30 October 1944 – 3 November 2015) was an Iraqi politician, a founder of the Iraqi National Congress (INC) and the President of the Governing Council of Iraq (37th Prime Minister of Iraq) He was interim Minister of Oil in Iraq in April–May 2005 and December 2005 – January 2006 and Deputy Prime Minister from May 2005 to May 2006.

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Ahmed Ghulamali Chagla

Ahmed Ghulam Ali Chagla (Urdu: احمد غلام علی چھاگلہ) (born 31 May 1902 - died 5 February 1953) was a Pakistani musical composer who famously wrote the music for the national anthem of Pakistan in 1950.

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Ahmed ibn Nasir

For the 19th-century historian see Ahmad ibn Khalid al-Nasiri.

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Ahmed Kousay al-Taie

Ahmed Kousay Altaie (22 July 1965 - c. 2008) was a United States Army soldier, who was captured in October 2006 in Baghdad and later executed by his captors.

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Ahmed Mukhtar

Ahmed Mukhtar Arabic,أحمد مختار (born 1967) is an Iraqi musician who is internationally renowned for his playing of the oud.

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Ahmed Raza Khan Barelvi

Ahmed Raza Khan (Arabic: أحمد رضا خان, Persian: احمد رضا خان, احمد رضا خان., अहमद रज़ा खान), commonly known as Ahmed Raza Khan Barelwi, Ahmed Rida Khan in Arabic, or simply as "Ala-Hazrat" (14 June 1856 CE or 10 Shawwal 1272 AH – 28 October 1921 CE or 25 Safar 1340 AH), was an Islamic scholar, jurist, theologian, ascetic, Sufi, and reformer in British India, and the founder of the Barelvi movement.

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Ahmed Uthman

Ahmed Uthman Effendi (also spelled Ahmed Othman) (1879 – December 10, 1946) also known as Ahmed Effendi, (ئه‌حمه‌د عوسمان ئه‌فه‌ندى) (أحمد عثمان أفندي) was a Kurdish politician from Erbil who played an important role in shaping events and the direction of public administration in Iraqi Kurdistan in the first half of the twentieth century.

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Ahmet Davutoğlu

Ahmet Davutoğlu (born 26 February 1959) is a Turkish academic, politician and former diplomat who was the Prime Minister of Turkey and leader of the Justice and Development Party (AKP) from August 2014 to May 2016.

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Ahnaf ibn Qais

Al-Ahnaf Ibn Qays was a Muslim general who lived during the time of prophet Muhammad.

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Ahvaz

Ahvaz (or Ahwaz; translit) is a city in the southwest of Iran and the capital of Khuzestan province.

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Ai-Toghdï

Ai-Toghdï, also known as Shumla (d. 1174/5) was the ruler of Khuzestan from c. 1155 until his death.

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Aidan Delgado

Aidan Delgado is an American attorney, author, and war veteran.

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AIM-9 Sidewinder

The AIM-9 Sidewinder is a short-range air-to-air missile developed by the United States Navy at China Lake, California, in the 1950s, and subsequently adopted by the United States Air Force.

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Ain Sifni

Ain Sifni is the capital of the Shekhan District in northern Iraq.

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Air Assault Badge

The Air Assault Badge is awarded by the U.S. Army for successful completion of the Air Assault School.

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Air Force Combat Action Medal

The Air Force Combat Action Medal (AFCAM) is a relatively new medal created for the United States Air Force in March 2007 to recognize Air Force members for active participation in ground or air combat.

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Air Force Cross (United States)

The Air Force Cross is the second highest military award that can be given to a member of the United States Air Force.

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Air Force Reserve Command

The Air Force Reserve Command (AFRC) is a Major Command (MAJCOM) of the United States Air Force, with its headquarters at Robins Air Force Base, Georgia.

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Air Mobility Command

Air Mobility Command (AMC) is a Major Command (MAJCOM) of the U.S. Air Force.

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Air National Guard

The Air National Guard (ANG), also known as the Air Guard, is a federal military reserve force as well as the militia air force of each U.S. state, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, and the territories of Guam and the U.S. Virgin Islands.

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Air Scotland

Air Scotland was a low-cost airline based in Glasgow, Scotland.

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Airborne forces

Airborne Military parachuting or gliding form of inserting personnel or supplies.

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Airborne leaflet propaganda

Airborne leaflet propaganda is a form of psychological warfare in which leaflets (flyers) are scattered in the air.

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Airmail stamps of Denmark

Denmark issued ten definitive airmail stamps between 1925 and 1934 in two distinct series.

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Airspace class

The world's navigable airspace is divided into three-dimensional segments, each of which is assigned to a specific class.

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Airspeed Oxford

The Airspeed AS.10 Oxford was a twin-engine monoplane aircraft developed and manufactured by Airspeed.

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Aissawa

The Aissawa (also Aissawa, Issawa, Aissaoua, Issaoua) is a religious and mystical brotherhood founded in Meknes, Morocco, by Sheikh al-Kamil Mohamed al-Hadi ben Issa (or Aissa) (1465–1526), best known as the Shaykh Al-Kamil, or "Perfect Sufi Master".

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AK-63

The AK-63 (also known in Hungarian military service as the AMM) is a Hungarian variant of the AKM assault rifle manufactured by the Fegyver- és Gépgyár (FÉG) state arms plant in Hungary.

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AK-74

The AK-74 (Russian: Автомат Калашникова образца 1974 года or "Kalashnikov automatic rifle model 1974") is an assault rifle developed in the early 1970s by Russian designer Mikhail Kalashnikov as the replacement for the earlier AKM (itself a refined version of the AK-47). It uses a smaller 5.45×39mm cartridge, replacing the 7.62×39mm chambering of earlier Kalashnikov-pattern weapons. The rifle first saw service with Soviet forces engaged in the 1979 Afghanistan conflict.Woźniak, Ryszard: Encyklopedia najnowszej broni palnej—tom 1 A-F, page 25. Bellona, 2001. The head of the Afghan bureau of the Pakistani Inter-Services Intelligence claimed that the CIA paid $5,000 for the first AK-74 captured by the Mujahideen during the Soviet–Afghan War. Presently, the rifle continues to be used by the majority of countries of the former Soviet Union. Additionally, licensed copies were produced in Bulgaria (AK-74, AKS-74 and AKS-74U), and the former East Germany (MPi-AK-74N, MPi-AKS-74N, MPi-AKS-74NK).Cutshaw, Charlie: The New World of Russian Small Arms & Ammo, page 92. Paladin Press, 1998.McNab, Chris: The AK47 (Weapons of War), page 25. Spellmount Publishers, 2001. Besides former Soviet republics and eastern European countries, Mongolia, North Korean Special Forces, and Vietnamese People's Naval infantry use AK-74s.

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Akasaka, Tokyo

is a residential and commercial district of Minato, Tokyo, Japan, located west of the government center in Nagatachō and north of the Roppongi nightlife district.

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Akashat

Akashat is a small town in the northwest of the Ar-Rutba District of the Al Anbar province of Iraq, on the road between the towns of Ar-Rutbah and Al-Qa'im.

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Akbar Ganji

Akbar Ganji (اکبر گنجی., born 31 January 1960 in Tehran) is an Iranian journalist and writer.

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Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani

Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani (Akbar Hāshemī Rafsanjānī or Hashemi Bahramani; 25 August 1934 – 8 January 2017) was an influential Iranian politician, writer and one of the founding fathers of the Islamic Republic who was the fourth President of Iran from 3 August 1989 until 3 August 1997.

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Akhbari

The Akhbaris (اخباري) are Twelver Shia Muslims who reject the use of reasoning in deriving verdicts, and believe Quran and hadith (sayings of Prophet Muhammad and Twelve Shia Imams) as the only source of law.

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Akhund Khorasani

Mohammad Kazem Khorasani or Akhund-e Khorasani (محمد کاظم خراسانی, (1839-1911)) was Twelver Shi'a Marja, politician, philosopher, reformer.

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Akihiko Saito

was a Japanese security specialist adviser who was taken hostage by the Jaish Ansar al-Sunna in Iraq in 2005.

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Akram Ahmad Salman

Akram Ahmed Salman (أكرم أحمد سلمان; born 15 July 1945) is an Iraqi football manager and former head coach of Al-Wehdat.

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Akram al-Hawrani

Akram Al-Hourani (أكرم الحوراني, also transcribed El-Hourani, Howrani or Hurani) (1912 – 24 February 1996), was a Syrian politician who played a prominent role in the formation of a widespread populist, nationalist movement in Syria and in the rise of the Ba'ath Party.

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Al Abbas Mosque

The Al-‘Abbās Mosque or Masjid al-‘Abbās (مسجد الامام العباس) is the mausoleum of ‘Abbās ibn ‘Alī and historical building, located across from the Imām Husayn Mosque in Karbalā, Iraq.

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Al Ahamir massacre

The al Ahamir massacre refers to the incident where between 10 and 14 Iraqis were killed by Al Qaeda on or around the date of June 29, 2007, in al Ahamir, a city on the outskirts of Baquba, Iraq.

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Al Anbaa (Iraq)

Al Anbaa (in Arabic الأنباء meaning The News) is a popular Arabic-language newspaper published in Fallujah, Iraq, published since summer 2006.

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Al Anbar Governorate

Al Anbar Governorate (محافظة الأنبار; muḥāfaẓat al-’Anbār), or Anbar Province, is the largest governorate in Iraq by area.

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Al Arabiya

Al Arabiya (العربية, transliterated: or; meaning "The Arabic One" or "The Arab One") is a Saudi-owned pan-Arab television news channel broadcast in Modern Standard Arabic.

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Al Asad Airbase

Ayn al-Asad Airbase is an Iraqi Armed Forces and United States armed forces base located in the Al Anbar Governorate of western Iraq.

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Al Darawish

Al Darawish was an Italian world music group formed in Bari in 1988.

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Al Diwaniyah

Al Diwaniyah (الديوانية Ad Dīwānīyah), also spelt Diwaniya, is the capital city of Iraq's Al-Qādisiyyah Governorate.

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Al Etisalat FC

Al Etisalat (The Communications, الاتصالات), is an Iraqi football team based in Baghdad was called Al-Bareed before season 2009/10.

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Al Forat

Al Forat Network (قناة الفرات الفضائية) is a satellite television network in Iraq.

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Al Franken

Alan Stuart Franken (born May 21, 1951) is an American comedian, writer, producer, author, and politician who served as a United States Senator from Minnesota from 2009 to 2018.

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Al Gore

Albert Arnold Gore Jr. (born March 31, 1948) is an American politician and environmentalist who served as the 45th Vice President of the United States from 1993 to 2001.

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Al Hakum (Iraq)

Al Hakum — also spelled Al Hakam — was at one time Iraq's most sophisticated and largest biological weapons (BW) production factory.

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Al Hawza

Al Hawza or al Hauza was an Arabic language weekly newspaper in Iraq.

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Al Hilla Stadium

Al Hilla Stadium is a multi-use stadium in Al Hillah, Iraq.

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Al Iraqiya

Al Iraqiya (العراقيّة al-ʿIrāqiyyä) is a satellite and terrestrial public broadcaster and television network in Iraq that was set up after the fall of Saddam Hussein.

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Al Jaish Stadium

Al Jaish Stadium, is a multi-use stadium in Baghdad, Iraq.

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Al Jazeera English

Al Jazeera English (AJE) is an international state-funded 24-hour English-language news and current affairs TV channel owned and operated by Al Jazeera Media Network, headquartered in Doha, Qatar.

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Al Karkh Stadium

Al Karkh Stadium is a multi-use stadium in Baghdad, Iraq.

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Al Khadhraa

Al Khadhraa is a neighborhood of Baghdad, Iraq.

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Al Kifl

Al Kifl (الكفل; also known as Kifl) is a town in southeastern Iraq on the Euphrates River, between Najaf and Al Hillah.

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Al Maarif University College

Al-Maarif University College is a private Iraqi university established in 1993 in Anbar, Iraq.

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Al Mansour University College

Al-Mansour University College is a private Iraqi university established in 1988 in Baghdad, Iraq.

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Al Mina'a Stadium

Al Mina'a Stadium, is a multi-use stadium in Basra, Iraq.

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Al Mustaqilla

Al Mustaqilla, or The Independent, was a bi-weekly newspaper published in Baghdad, Iraq.

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Al Naft Stadium

Al Naft Stadium, is a multi-use stadium in Baghdad, Iraq.

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Al Najaf International Airport

Al Najaf International Airport (IATA: NJF; ICAO: ORNI) is the airport serving Najaf, Iraq, and is located on the eastern side of the city.

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Al Qa'qaa high explosives controversy

The Al Qa'qaa high explosives controversy concerns the possible removal by Baathist insurgents of about 377 tonnes of high explosives HMX and RDX after the 2003 invasion of Iraq.

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Al Qaeda Network Exord

Al Qaeda Network Exord is a classified order that allows the U.S. military to direct operations against al-Qaeda in 15 to 20 countries around the world, including those not at war with the United States.

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Al Rasheed Street

Al Rasheed Street or Al Rashid Street (Arabic: شارع الرشيد) is one of the main streets in downtown Baghdad.

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Al Rasheed University College

Al Rasheed University College is a private Iraqi university established in Baghdad, Iraq.

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Al Sharqiya

Al Sharqiya ("The Eastern One") is Iraq's first privately owned satellite channel owned by the London, Baghdad and Dubai-based Iraqi media tycoon Saad al-Bazzaz, a secular nationalist from Mosul.

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Al Sumaria

Alsumaria News (السومرية نيوز) is an independent Iraqi satellite TV network that transmits on Nilesat, Hotbird, and Noorsat/Eurobird.

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Al Tarmia

Al Tarmia or Tarmiyah (Arabic: الطارمية) is a town in the Saladin Governorate of Iraq.

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Al Turath University College

Al Turath University College is a private Iraqi university established in 1988 in Baghdad, Iraq.

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Al Ubaidi

Al Ubaidi is a town in the Al Anbar province of Iraq.

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Al Waleed border crossing

Al Waleed border crossing (نقطة الوليد الحدودية العراقية, also spelled al-Walid), known in Syria as al-Tanf, is one of three official border crossings between Syria and Iraq.

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Al Weed

Albert Charles Weed II (born May 23, 1942) is a Virginia winemaker, businessman, and Democrat.

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Al Yarmouk University College

Al Yarmouk University College is a private Iraqi university established in 1996 in Diyala and the Medical Departments lie in Baghdad, Iraq.

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Al-A'amiriya

Al-A'amiriya (Arabic العامرية) is a neighborhood in the Mansour district of western Baghdad, Iraq, on the way to Anbar Province.

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Al-Abud Network

The al-Abud Network is a former insurgent group who was operating within Iraq during the Iraq War.

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Al-Adala FC

Al-Adala football club (Justice FC, نادي العدالة الرياضي) is an Iraqi football club based in Baghdad, Iraq.

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Al-Adel

Al-Adel is a neighborhood of Baghdad, Iraq.

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Al-Ahsa Governorate

Al Ahsa (الأحساء al-Aḥsāʾ, locally pronounced al-Ḥasāʾ) is the largest governorate in Saudi Arabia's Eastern Province, named after the Al-Ahsa oasis.

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Al-Aimmah Bridge

Jisr al-'Ā'immah (جسر الأئمة, Al-Aimmah Bridge, literally "Bridge of the Imams") is a bridge over the river Tigris in the Iraqi capital of Baghdad.

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Al-Alam News Network

Al-Alam is an Arabic news channel broadcasting from Iran and is owned by the state-owned media corporation Islamic Republic of Iran Broadcasting (IRIB).

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Al-Ali (tribe)

Al-Ali is a group of Arab clans who are not necessarily from a common ancestor but were once rulers of their own Arab state in Southern Persia and are still influential in the United Arab Emirates as they are the ruling family in Umm al-Quwain.

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Al-Anbar governorate council election, 2005

The election for the governorate council of Iraq's Al Anbar Governorate were held on January 30, 2005, the same date as the Iraqi legislative election.

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Al-Aqiser

Al-Aqiser (lit) is an archeological site in Ayn al-Tamr near Karbala in Iraq with what has been described as the Oldest eastern Christian Church.

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Al-Ashraf Qansuh Al-Ghuri

Al-Ashraf Qansuh Al-Ghuri (الأشرف قانصوه الغوري) was the second-to-last of the Mamluk Sultans.

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Al-Ash`ari

Al-Ashʿarī (الأشعري.; full name: Abū al-Ḥasan ʿAlī ibn Ismāʿīl ibn Isḥāq al-Ashʿarī; c. 874–936 (AH 260–324), reverentially Imām al-Ashʿarī) was an Arab Sunni Muslim scholastic theologian and eponymous founder of Ashʿarism or Asharite theology, which would go on to become "the most important theological school in Sunni Islam".

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Al-Askari Shrine

Al ‘Askarī Shrine or the ‘Askariyya Shrine (aas) is a Shī‘ah Muslim holy site in the Iraqi city of Sāmarrā from Baghdad.

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Al-Asmaʿi

Al-Asmaʿi (أبو سعيد عبد الملك ابن قريب الأصمعي, ʿAbd al-Malik ibn Quraib as-Aṣmaʿī; -828, also known as Asmai) was one of the earliest Arabic lexicographers and one of the three leaders of the Basra school of Arabic grammar.

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Al-Awda (guerrilla organization)

Al-Awda (العودة, The Return) is a secular guerrilla organization in Iraq.

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Al-Awja

Al-Awja (العوجا; also known as Owja, Al-Auja or Al-Ouja) is a village 8 miles (13 km) south of Tikrit, in Iraq on the western bank of the Tigris.

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Al-Ba'aj

Ba'aj (بعاج; also spelt Ba'ej) is a small town in the Al-Ba'aj District of Ninawa Governorate, Iraq.

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Al-Baghdadia TV

Al-Baghdadia TV is an independent Iraqi-owned Arabic-language satellite channel based in Cairo, Egypt.

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Al-Baladhuri

ʾAḥmad Ibn Yaḥyā al-Balādhurī (أحمد بن يحيى بن جابر البلاذري) was a 9th-century Muslim historian.

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Al-Bu Nasir (Iraqi tribe)

The Al-Bu Nasir (in the Arabic: آل أبي ناصر) is one of a number of Arab tribes in Iraq.

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Al-Dawla

The Arabic title al-Dawla (الدولة, often rendered ad-Dawla, ad-Daulah, ud-Daulah, Dahola, etc.) means "dynasty" or "state" and appears in many honorific and regnal titles in the Islamic world.

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Al-Fadl ibn Sahl

Abu l-Abbas al-Fadl ibn Sahl ibn Zadhanfarukh al-Sarakhsi (أبو العباس الفضل بن سهل بن زادانفروخ السرخسي; Abu ’l-ʿAbbās al-Faḍl b. Sahl b. Zādānfarrūḫ as-Saraḫsī, died 818), titled Dhu 'l-Ri'āsatayn ("the man of the two commands"), was a famous Persian vizier of the Abbasid era in Khurasan, who served under Caliph al-Ma'mun (r. 813–832).

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Al-Faluja

al-Faluja (الفالوجة) was a Palestinian Arab village in the British Mandate for Palestine, located 30 kilometers northeast of Gaza City.

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Al-Fanar Hotel

The Al-Fanar Hotel (Arabic,فندق الفنار) is a hotel in Baghdad, Iraq.

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Al-Fao

Al-Fao is a self-propelled artillery system designed for the former Iraqi Army by the late Canadian weapons engineer, Gerald Bull.

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Al-Fatat

Al-Fatat or the Young Arab Society (جمعية العربية الفتاة, Jam’iyat al-’Arabiya al-Fatat) was an underground Arab nationalist organization in the Ottoman Empire.

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Al-Fathel

Al-Fathel is a neighborhood of Baghdad, Iraq.

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Al-Faw

Al-Faw (الفاو; sometimes transliterated as Fao) is a port town situated on the Al Faw Peninsula in Iraq near the Shatt al-Arab and the Persian Gulf.

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Al-Faw Palace

The Al Faw Palace (also known as the Water Palace) is located in Baghdad approximately 5 kilometers from the Baghdad International Airport, Iraq.

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Al-Faw Peninsula

The al-Faw Peninsula (شبه جزيرة الفاو; also transliterated as Fao or Fawr) is a peninsula in the Persian Gulf, located in the extreme southeast of Iraq.

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Al-Faw Port

Al-Faw Port is an Iraqi port.

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Al-Forat FC

Al-Forat football club (Euphrates FC, نادي الفرات الرياضي) is an Iraqi football club based in Suq al-Shuyouk, Dhi Qar Governorate, Iraq.

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Al-Gaddafi International Prize for Human Rights

The Al-Gaddafi International Prize for Human Rights was an annual human rights prize founded by the Libyan People's Congress in late 1988, in "indebtedness and gratitude for Muammar Gaddafi and in appreciation for his role in firmly establishing the principle of direct democracy, his persistent struggle, his distinctive inspiration and continuous instigation for the consolidation of human liberty and for issuing the Great Green Document in the era of the masses, for the purpose of bestowing tribute upon symbolic figures of struggle and faith in the values of freedom to all humans, nations, groups and individuals".

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Al-Hadba'a University College

Al Hadbaa University College is a private Iraqi university established in 1994 in Mosul, Iraq.

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Al-Hajaj

Al-Hajaj is a town in Baiji District, Salah ad Din Governorate, Iraq.The town, with an estimated population in 2002 of about 65,000 is the one of the important cities of Salah ad Din Governorate.

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Al-Hajjaj ibn Yusuf

Abū Muhammad al-Ḥajjāj ibn Yūsuf ibn al-Ḥakam ibn ʿAqīl al-Thaqafī (أبو محمد الحجاج بن يوسف بن الحكم بن عقيل الثقفي; Ta'if 661 – Wasit, 714), known simply as al-Hajjaj ibn Yusuf (الحجاج بن يوسف / ALA: (or otherwise transliterated), was perhaps the most notable governor who served the Umayyad Caliphate. An extremely capable though ruthless statesman, a strict in character, but also a harsh and demanding master, he was widely feared by his contemporaries and became a deeply controversial figure and an object of deep-seated enmity among later, pro-Abbasid writers, who ascribed to him persecutions and mass executions.

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Al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah

Abū ʿAlī Manṣūr (13 August 985 – 13 February 1021), better known by his regnal title al-Ḥākim bi-Amr Allāh (الحاكم بأمر الله; literally "Ruler by God's Command"), was the sixth Fatimid caliph and 16th Ismaili imam (996–1021).

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Al-Hakim I

Al-Hakim I Abu al-'Abbas Ahmad ibn Abi 'Ali al-Hasan held the position of the Abbasid Caliph of Cairo, Mamluk Egypt for the Mamluk Sultans between 1262 and 1302.

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Al-Hanaya

Al-Hanaya is a town in Iraq, on the Euphrates River.

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Al-Hariri of Basra

Abū Muhammad al-Qāsim ibn Alī ibn Muhammad ibn Uthmān al-Harīrī (أبو محمد القاسم بن علي بن محمد بن عثمان الحريري), popularly known as al-Hariri of Basra (1054– 9 September 1122) was an Arab poet, scholar of the Arabic language and a high government official of the Seljuk Empire.

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Al-Hasakah Governorate

Al-Hasakah Governorate (Muḥāfaẓat al-Ḥasakah, Parêzgeha Hesîçe, Huparkiyo d'Ḥasake, also known as Gozarto) is one of the fourteen governorates (provinces) of Syria.

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Al-Hasan ibn 'Ali al-Barbahari

Al-Ḥasan ibn ʻAlī al-Barbahārī was a Muslim theologian from Iraq.

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Al-Hashr, 6

Al-Hashr is the chapter 59 of the Qur'an, and this article is about its sixth verse, a verse related to the controversies of the land of Fadak.

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Al-Hikma University (Baghdad)

Al-Hikma University (جامعة الحكمة) was a university in Baghdad founded in 1956 by members of the New England Province of the Society of Jesus.

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Al-Hilla District

Al-Hillah (الحلة) is a district in Babil Governorate, Iraq.

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Al-Hilli

Jamāl ad-Dīn Hasan ibn Yusuf ibn 'Ali ibn-i Mûtahhar al-Hilli (جمال الدين الحسن بن يوسف الحلي), also known as al-Allamah al-Hilli (العلامة الحلي, "the sage from Hilla"),Tehrani, Aga Buzurg, Tabaqat 'Alam il-Shi'ah, v.5 p.52 (Arabic) born December 15, 1250 CE (19 Ramadan 648 AH), died December 18, 1325, was a Twelver Shia theologian and mujtahid.

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Al-Hindiya

Al-Hindiya or Hindiya (الهندية) is a city in Iraq on the Euphrates River.

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Al-Hirah

Al-Hirah (الحيرة al-Ḥīrah, ܚܝܪܬܐ Ḥīrtā) was an ancient city in Mesopotamia located south of what is now Kufa in south-central Iraq.

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Al-Hurr al-Aamili

Muhammad bin al-Ḥasan b. Ali b. al-Ḥusayn al-ʿĀmili al-Mashghari (محمد بن الحسن بن علي بن الحسين العاملي المشغري), commonly known as Al-Ḥurr Al-ʿĀmili (الحر العاملي) (1033/1624 - 1104/1693), was a muhaddith and a prominent Twelver Shi’a scholar.

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Al-Iraqi

al-Iraqi (العراقي) is a Nisba, meaning "of or from Iraq", a country in the Middle East.

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Al-Jadriya

Al-Jadriya is a neighborhood in Baghdad, Iraq along the Tigris river.

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Al-Jarrah ibn Abdallah

Abu ʿUqba al-Jarrah ibn ʿAbdallah al-Hakami (أبو عقبة الجراح بن عبد الله الحكمي) was an Arab nobleman and general of the Hakami tribe.

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Al-Jihad (Baghdad)

Jihad (Al-Jihad or Hayy Al-Jihad) is a neighborhood (hayy) in the Al Rashid district in western Baghdad, Iraq.

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Al-Juwayni

Imam al-Haramayn Dhia' ul-Din Abd al-Malik ibn Yusuf al-Juwayni al-Shafi'i (امام الحرمین ضیاءالدین عبدالملک ابن یوسف جوینی شافعی, 17 February 1028— 19 August 1085; 419—478 AH) was a Persian Sunni Shafi'i jurist and mutakallim theologian.

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Al-Kadhimiya Mosque

The Al-Kadhimiya Mosque (مَـسـجـد الـكَـاظـمـيّـة) is a shrine located in the Kādhimayn suburb of Baghdad, Iraq.

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Al-Karābilah

Al-Karābilah (ناحية الكرابلة) is a subdistrict in the west of the Al Anbar Governorate of Iraq, beside the Syrian border in an area of high ground.

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Al-Karmah

Al-Karmah, also sometimes transliterated as Karma, Karmah, or Garma (Arabic: الكرمة), is a city in central Iraq located 16 km northeast of Fallujah in the Al Anbar province.

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Al-Khalidiya, Iraq

Al-Khaldiya (الخالدية, also Al-Khalidiya, Khalidiya, Khalediya) is a city in Al-Anbar Province, in central Iraq on the southern banks of river Euphrates.

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Al-Khalil ibn Ahmad al-Farahidi

Abu ‘Abd ar-Raḥmān al-Khalīl ibn Aḥmad ibn ‘Amr ibn Tammām al-Farāhīdī al-Azdī al-Yaḥmadī (أبو عبدالرحمن الخليل بن أحمد الفراهيدي; 718 – 786 CE), known as Al-Farahidi, or simply Al-Khalīl, famously compiled the first known dictionary of the Arabic language, and one of the first in any language, Kitab al-'Ayn (كتاب العين).

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Al-Khasawneh

Al-Khasawneh or Khasawneh (الخصاونه) (other transliterations include Khassawneh, khassaweneh, Khasawinah, Khassawnih, Khasawnih, Khasawineh, Khassawineh, Khassawneh, Khasawne, Khasawna, and Khasawnah all of which may also be preceded by 'Al' or 'El'), is a prominent Arab Muslim clan descending from the noble family of Imam Ja'far al-Sadiq and Imam Husayn ibn Ali.

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Al-Kufa FC

Kufa Football Club (نادي الكوفة الرياضي), is an Iraqi football team based in Kufa.

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Al-Lawatia

Al-Lawatia (اللواتية, sing. Lawati) is an ethnocultural group primarily based in the province of Muscat, Oman.

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Al-Ma'mun

Abu al-Abbas al-Maʾmūn ibn Hārūn al-Rashīd (أبو العباس المأمون; September 786 – 9 August 833) was the seventh Abbasid caliph, who reigned from 813 until his death in 833.

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Al-Mada'in

Al-Mada'in ("The Cities"; al-Madāʾin; Aramaic: Māhōzē or Mahuza) was an ancient metropolis which lay between the ancient royal centers of Ctesiphon and Seleucia.

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Al-Mahawil

Al-Mahawil (المحاويل) also Mahawil, Al Maḩāwīl, Qaḑā’ al Maḩāwīl, and Khān al Mahawīl) is one of a very few Sunni Arab towns in southern Iraq in the Babil Governorate. Before the invasion of Iraq, Sunnis made up the vast majority. Today, they are a shrinking minority of the population due to the influx of Shias from the surrounding countryside.

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Al-Mahawil District

Al-Mahawil (المحاويل) is a district in Babil Governorate, Iraq.

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Al-Mahdi

Abu Abdallah Muhammad ibn Abdallah al-Mansur (أبو عبد الله محمد بن عبد الله المنصور; 744 or 745 – 785), better known by his regnal name al-Mahdi (المهدي, "He who is guided by God"), was the third Abbasid Caliph who reigned from 775 to his death in 785.

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Al-Malik al-Rahim

Abu Nasr Khusrau Firuz (ابونصر خسرو فیروز, died 1058 or 1059), better known by his laqab of Al-Malik al-Rahim (الملک الرحیم, "the merciful king") was the last Buyid amir of Iraq (October 1048 – 1055).

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Al-Malikiyah

Al-Malikiyah (المالكية, ܕܪܝܟ, Dayrik, Dêrika Hemko) is a small Syrian city and the center of an administrative district belonging to Al-Hasakah Governorate.

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Al-Mansur

Al-Mansur or Abu Ja'far Abdallah ibn Muhammad al-Mansur (95 AH – 158 AH (714 AD– 6 October 775 AD); أبو جعفر عبدالله بن محمد المنصور) was the second Abbasid Caliph reigning from 136 AH to 158 AH (754 AD – 775 AD)Axworthy, Michael (2008); A History of Iran; Basic, USA;.

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Al-Mansur ibn Buluggin

al-Mansûr ibn Buluggin (Arabic: المنصور بن بلوجن) (died 995) was the second ruler of the Zirids in Ifriqiya (984–995).

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Al-Mazeedi

Banu Al-Mazeedi (المزيدي), or Banu Mazyad, an Arabic tribe in Iraq, were the descendants of Adnan.

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Al-Mina'a SC

Al-Mina'a Sport Club (lit) is an Iraqi multi-sport club based in Al-Maqal, Basra that participates in the Iraqi Premier League, the top-flight of Iraqi football.

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Al-Mishraq

Al-Mishraq, or Mishraq Sulphur State Company, is a state run sulfur plant near Mosul, Iraq.

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Al-Mosul FC

Mosul football club (نادي الموصل) is an Iraqi football club based in Mosul.

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Al-Mourabitoun

The Independent Nasserite Movement – INM (translit) or simply Al-Murabitoun (المرابطون lit. The Steadfast), also termed variously Mouvement des Nasséristes Indépendants (MNI) in French, Independent Nasserite Organization (INO), or Movement of Independent Nasserists (MIN), is a Nasserist political party in Lebanon that is closely allied with Shia organization Hezbollah.

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Al-Mu'tadid

Abu'l-Abbas Ahmad ibn Talha al-Muwaffaq (854 or 861 – 5 April 902), better known by his regnal name al-Mu'tadid bi-llah (المعتضد بالله, "Seeking Support in God") was the Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad from 892 until his death in 902.

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Al-Mu'tamid

Abu’l-ʿAbbās Aḥmad ibn Jaʿfar (ca. 842 – died 15 October 892), better known by his regnal name al-Muʿtamid ʿAlā ’llāh ("Dependent on God"), was the Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad from 870 to 892.

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Al-Muktafi

Abū Muḥammad ʿAlī ibn Aḥmad (أبو محمد علي بن أحمد; 877/878 – 13 August 908), better known by his regnal name al-Muktafī bi-llāh (المكتفي بالله, "Content with God Alone"), was the Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad from 902 to 908.

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Al-Mulla Group

Al Mulla Group is a diversified privately held business group based in Kuwait with over 15,000 employees operating in 8 countries through more than 40 companies, and affiliations with over 200 international brands and companies.

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Al-Muntafiq

Al-Muntafiq (المنتفق) is a large Arab tribal confederation of southern and central Iraq.

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Al-Muntasir

Abu Ja'far Muhammad (أبو جعفر محمد; November 837 – 7 June 862), better known by his regnal title al-Muntasir bi-llah (المنتصر بالله, "He who triumphs in God") was the Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad from 861 to 862, during the "Anarchy at Samarra".

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Al-Muqtadir

Abu’l-Faḍl Jaʿfar ibn Ahmad al-Muʿtaḍid (أبو الفضل جعفر بن أحمد المعتضد) (895 – 31 October 932 CE), better known by his regnal name al-Muqtadir bi-llāh (المقتدر بالله, "Mighty in God"), was the Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad from 908 to 932 CE (295–320 AH), with the exception of a brief deposition in favour of al-Qahir in 928.

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Al-Muqtafi

Al-Muqtafi (1096 – 12 March 1160) (المقتفي لأمر الله) was the Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad from 1136 to 1160.

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Al-Musawi

Al-Mūsawi (Arabic script: الموسوي, arabic pronunciation:, Persian pronunciation), is a surname that presumably indicates a person comes from a prestigious and highly respected family with a transnational identity.

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Al-Musayab District

Al-Musayyib (المسيب) is a district in Babil Governorate, Iraq.

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Al-Mutamar

Al-Mutamar is a daily newspaper issued by the Iraqi National Congress.

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Al-Mutanabbi

Abu at-Tayyib Ahmad bin Al-Husayn al-Mutanabbi al-Kindi (Abū ṭ-Ṭayyib ʾAḥmad bin al-Ḥusayn al-Muṫanabbī al-Kindī) (915 – 23 September 965 CE) was an Arab poet.

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Al-Muthana University

Al Muthanna University is an Iraqi university located in Samawah, Al Muthanna Province, Iraq.

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Al-Muwaffaq

Abu Ahmad Talha ibn Ja'far (أبو أحمد طلحة بن جعفر) (842 – June 2, 891), better known by his laqab as al-Muwaffaq bi-Allah ("Blessed of God"), was an Abbasid prince and military leader, who acted as the virtual regent of the Abbasid Caliphate for most of the reign of his brother, Caliph al-Mu'tamid.

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Al-Nasiriya FC

An Nasiriyah Football Club (الناصرية) – simply known as An Nasiriyah FC -, is an Iraqi football team based in An Nasiriyah, Dhi Qar Governorate.

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Al-Qa'im (town)

Al-Qa'im (القائم) is an Iraqi town located nearly 400 km northwest of Baghdad near the Syrian border and situated along the Euphrates River, and located in the Al Anbar Governorate.

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Al-Qa'im District

Al-Qa'im District is a district in Al Anbar Governorate, Iraq, on the border with Syria.

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Al-Qaeda involvement in the Middle East

Al-Qaeda involvement in the Middle East includes Iraq, Israel, Palestine, Lebanon and Yemen.

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Al-Qassim Region

Al-Qassim Region (منطقة القصيم, local Najdi Arabic pronunciation), also spelled Qassim, Al-Qaseem, Al-Qasim, or Gassim internationally, is one of the thirteen administrative regions of Saudi Arabia.

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Al-Qata'i

Al-Qaṭāʾi (القطائـع) was the short-lived Tulunid capital of Egypt, founded by Ahmad ibn Tulun in the year 868 CE.

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Al-Qādisiyyah Governorate

Al-Qadisiyah Governorate (translit) is one of the governorates of Iraq.

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Al-Qurnah

Al-Qurnah (Qurna) is a town in southern Iraq about 74 km northwest of Basra, within the town of Nahairat.

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Al-Quwa Al-Jawiya

Nadi Al-Quwa Al-Jawiya Al-Riyadhi (lit) is an Iraqi football club based in Rusafa District, Baghdad that competes in the Iraqi Premier League, the top-flight of Iraqi football.

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Al-Quwa Al-Jawiya Stadium

Al Quwa Al Jawiya Stadium (ملعب القوة الجوية) is a multi-use stadium in Baghdad, Iraq.

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Al-Rashid, Baghdad

Al Rasheed or Al Rashid is one of the nine administrative districts in Baghdad, Iraq.

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Al-Rifa`i

Al-Rifa`i (1118–1181/2, full name Ahmad ibn `Ali ar-Rifa`i أحمد بن علي الرفاعي) was the founder of the Rifa`i Sufi order.

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Al-Rusafa, Iraq

Al Rusafa (Arabic: الرصافة) or Rasafa is the half of Baghdad, Iraq, on the eastern side of the river Tigris.

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Al-Sa'adoon

is a neighborhood in the Rusafa District of Baghdad, Iraq.

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Al-Samoud 2

Al-Samoud (الصمود, alternately Al-Samed, which means steadfastness in Arabic)Miller, David: Conflict Iraq: Weapons and tactics of US and Iraqi Forces. Zenith imprint, 2003, page 22.

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Al-Saydiya

Al-Saydiya is a neighborhood in the Al Rashid district of southwestern Baghdad, Iraq.

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Al-Shaab Stadium

Al-Shaab Stadium (ملعب الشعب; translates to The People's Stadium) is an All-seater multi-purpose stadium in Baghdad.

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Al-Shabaab (militant group)

Harakat al-Shabaab al-Mujahideen (HSM; حركة الشباب المجاهدين,; Xarakada Mujaahidiinta Alshabaab, lit. "Mujahideen Youth Movement" or "Movement of Striving Youth"), more commonly known as al-Shabaab (lit), is a jihadist fundamentalist group based in East Africa.

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Al-Shabab SC (Baghdad)

Al-Shabab Sports Club (Youth SC, نادي الشباب الرياضي) is an Iraqi football club that is based in Baghdad.

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Al-Shafi‘i

Abū ʿAbdullāh Muhammad ibn Idrīs al-Shāfiʿī (أبـو عـبـد الله مـحـمـد ابـن إدريـس الـشـافـعيّ) (767-820 CE, 150-204 AH) was an Arab Muslim theologian, writer, and scholar, who was the first contributor of the principles of Islamic jurisprudence (Uṣūl al-fiqh).

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Al-Shaheed Monument

Al-Shaheed Monument (نصب الشهيد), also known as the Martyr's Memorial, is a monument designed by Iraqi sculptor, Ismail Fatah Al Turk, and is situatied in the Iraqi capital, Baghdad.

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Al-Shatrah

Al-Shatrah (also known as Shatrat al-Muntafiq) is a town in southern Iraq, located northeast of Nasiriyah.

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Al-Shorta SC

Al-Shorta Sports Club (lit) is an Iraqi sports club based in Rusafa District, East Districts of the Tigris River, Baghdad.

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Al-Shorta Stadium

Al-Shorta Stadium (ملعب الشرطة), nicknamed The Cage, was a multi-use stadium in Baghdad, Iraq.

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Al-Talaba Stadium

Al Talaba Stadium, is a multi-use stadium in Baghdad, Iraq.

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Al-Tirmidhi

Abū ‘Īsá Muḥammad ibn ‛Īsá as-Sulamī aḍ-Ḍarīr al-Būghī at-Tirmidhī (أبو عيسى محمد بن عيسى السلمي الضرير البوغي الترمذي; ترمذی, Termezī; 824 – 9 October 892), often referred to as Imām at-Termezī/Tirmidhī, was a Persian Islamic scholar and collector of hadith who wrote al-Jami` as-Sahih (known as Jami` at-Tirmidhi), one of the six canonical hadith compilations in Sunni Islam.

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Al-Ubaid (tribe)

Al-Ubaid (Al-Obaidi or Al-Obeidi) is one of the Arab tribes in Iraq settled around Al Jazira, Mesopotamia.

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Al-Ubedy

Al-Ubedy is a neighborhood in Baghdad, Iraq.

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Al-Uboor

Al-Uboor is a class of patrol boats in the Iraqi Navy.

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Al-Washash

Al-Washash is a neighborhood of Baghdad, Iraq.Located within Mansour district, surrounded by, Iskan from west, Al-Mutanabi from south, Al-Mothana Airport from east.

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Al-Wazireya

Al-Wazireya or Waziriyah (Arabic: الوزيرية) is a Shiia neighborhood in the Adhamiyah District of Baghdad, Iraq.

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Al-Zawra'a SC

Al-Zawra'a Sports Club (نادي الزوراء الرياضي) is an Iraqi sports club based in Utayfia, Karkh District, West Districts of the Tigris River, Baghdad.

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Al-Zawraa Stadium

Al Zawraa Stadium (ملعب الزوراء) was a multi-use stadium in Baghdad, Iraq.

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Ala Bashir

Ala Bashir (born 1939 Iraq) is an Iraqi painter, sculptor and plastic surgeon who has exhibited widely and is noted for his portrayls of the human condition.

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Alaa Abdul-Hussein

Alaa Abdul-Hussein (علاء عبدالحسين) (born October 7, 1986) is an Iraqi football player who currently plays for Arbil FC in Iraq.

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Alaa Abdul-Zahra

Alaa Abdul-Zahra Khashen Al-Azzawi (علاء عبدالزهرة خشَن العزاوي, born 22 December 1987 in Baghdad, Iraq), is an Iraqi football player who currently plays for Al-Shorta in the Iraqi Premier League.

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Alaa Abdulkareem Fartusi

Alaa Abdulkareem Fartusi (1978 – February 10, 2008) was an Iraqi journalist for al-Furat, a Shiite-backed satellite news station.

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Alaa Ahmad

Alaa Ahmed ('''علاء أحمد'''.), (born in January 1, 1952 in Basra), is an Iraqi former footballer, he played as a Midfielder and spent the majority of his career with Al-Minaa club.

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Alaa al-Tamimi

Dr.

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Alaa Gatea

Alaa Gatea (علاء كاطع) (born 3 May 1987 in Iraq) is an Iraqi football (soccer) Goalkeeper playing for Al-Zawraa in Iraq.

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Alaa Hikmat

Alaa Hikmat Jassim Al-Qaysi, born September 14, 1985, is an Iraqi sprinter.

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Alabaster

Alabaster is a mineral or rock that is soft, often used for carving, and is processed for plaster powder.

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Aladhadh

The House of Aladhadh is an Arabic house belonging to one of two major tribes in Arabia; Shammar and Uniza.

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Alain Destexhe

Alain Destexhe (born 19 June 1958) is a Belgian liberal politician.

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Alan Campbell (politician)

Alan Campbell (born 8 July 1957) is a British Labour Party politician who has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for Tynemouth since 1997.

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Alan Chin (photographer)

Alan Chin is an American photographer.

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Alan G. Rogers

Alan Greg Rogers (September 21, 1967 – January 27, 2008) was an ordained pastor, a U.S. Army Major and Intelligence Officer, a civil rights activist in the gay, lesbian and bisexual military community and the first known gay combat fatality of Operation Iraqi Freedom.

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Alan Johnson (political theorist)

Alan Johnson is a British political theorist and activist.

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Alan Keyes

Alan Lee Keyes (born August 7, 1950) is an American conservative political activist, pundit, author, former diplomat, and perennial candidate for public office.

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Alan Lennox-Boyd, 1st Viscount Boyd of Merton

Alan Tindal Lennox-Boyd, 1st Viscount Boyd of Merton, CH, PC, DL (18 November 1904 – 8 March 1983) was a British Conservative politician.

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Alan Massey

Vice Admiral Sir Alan Michael Massey, KCB, CBE (born 9 March 1953) is a former senior officer in the Royal Navy who served as the Second Sea Lord.

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Alan Millard

Alan Ralph Millard (born 1 December 1937) is Rankin Professor Emeritus of Hebrew and Ancient Semitic languages, and Honorary Senior Fellow (Ancient Near East), at the School of Archaeology, Classics and Egyptology (SACE) in the University of Liverpool.

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Alan Simpson (British politician)

Alan John Simpson (born 20 September 1948) is a former British Labour Party politician who was the Member of Parliament (MP) for Nottingham South from 1992 to 2010.

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Alan West, Baron West of Spithead

Admiral Alan William John West, Baron West of Spithead, (born 21 April 1948) is a retired senior officer of the Royal Navy and formerly, from June 2007 to May 2010, a Labour Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State at the British Home Office with responsibility for security and a security advisor to Prime Minister Gordon Brown.

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Alanas Chošnau

Alanas Ibrahimas Chošnau (born July 11, 1974) is a Lithuanian singer and songwriter of Lithuanian and Iraqi Kurdish origin.

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Alastair Heathcote

Alastair Heathcote (born 18 August 1977 in Athens, Greece) is a British rower and Captain in the British Army.

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Albania

Albania (Shqipëri/Shqipëria; Shqipni/Shqipnia or Shqypni/Shqypnia), officially the Republic of Albania (Republika e Shqipërisë), is a country in Southeastern Europe.

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Albania–United States relations

Albania – United States relations refer to the current and historical relations of Albania and the United States of America, first established in 1912, following its independence from the Ottoman Empire, ending in 1939 due to German and Italian occupation in the Second World War, and re-established in 1991 after the fall of communism in Albania and the dissolution of the Soviet Union.

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Albanian Armed Forces

The Albanian Armed Forces (Forcat e Armatosura të Republikës së Shqipërisë (FARSH)) are the military of Albania and were formed after the declaration of independence in 1912.

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Albanian Land Force

The Albanian Land Force (Forca Tokësore të Republikës së Shqipërisë) is a branch of the Albanian Armed Forces.

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Albany Park, Chicago

Albany Park is one of 77 well-defined community areas of Chicago.

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Albert Bryant Jr.

Albert "Al" Bryant Jr. (born February 22, 1952) is a retired United States Army brigadier general, best known for service as the Chief of Western Hemisphere Operations during and in the aftermath of the September 11 attacks and for his tenure as the Assistant Division Commander of the 4th Infantry Division at the time of the division's detection and capture of deposed Iraqi president Sadaam Hussein.

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Albert Edward Ismail Yelda

Albert Edward Ismail Yelda (ܐܠܒܪܬ ܐܕܘܪܕ ܐܝܣܡܥܝܠ ܝܠܕܐ) (born 1959 Ramadi, Iraq) was Iraq's ambassador to the Vatican.

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Albert Gubay

Albert Gubay, KC*SG (9 April 1928 – 5 January 2016) was a Welsh businessman and philanthropist, who made his fortune with the Kwik Save retail chain, building it further on investments, mainly in property development.

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Albert Mohler

Richard Albert Mohler Jr. (born October 19, 1959), is an American historical theologian and the ninth president of the Southern Baptist Theological Seminary in Louisville, Kentucky.

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Albert Owen

Albert Owen (born 10 August 1959) is a Welsh Labour Party politician and Member of Parliament (MP) for Ynys Môn.

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Albert T. Church

Vice Admiral Albert Thomas Church III (born 1947) is a retired Vice Admiral in the United States Navy.

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Albert Tobias Clay

Albert Tobias Clay (December 4, 1866 – September 14, 1925) was an American professor, historian and Semitic linguist.

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Albert Wass

Count Albert Wass de Szentegyed et Czege (Hungarian gróf szentegyedi és czegei Wass Albert; Válaszút, Kingdom of Hungary (now Răscruci, Cluj County, Romania), 1908 – Astor Park, Florida, February 17, 1998) was a Hungarian nobleman, forest engineer, novelist, poet and member of the Wass de Czege family.

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Albu Salih

The Albu Salih tribe (آلبو صالح) is an original Arabic tribe that descends from the Shammar tribe, through the Abda tribe.

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Aleksandar Paunov

Aleksandar Dimitrov Paunov (Александър Димитров Паунов) (born June 19, 1949), is a Bulgarian politician, member of the Bulgarian National Assembly, and the leader of the current Communist Party of Bulgaria.

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Aleppo

Aleppo (ﺣﻠﺐ / ALA-LC) is a city in Syria, serving as the capital of the Aleppo Governorate, the most-populous Syrian governorate.

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Alevism

Alevism (Alevîlik or Anadolu Alevîliği/Alevileri, also called Qizilbash, or Shī‘ah Imāmī-Tasawwufī Ṭarīqah, or Shīʿah-ī Bāṭen’īyyah) is a syncretic, heterodox, and local tradition, whose adherents follow the mystical (''bāṭenī'') teachings of Ali, the Twelve Imams, and a descendant—the 13th century Alevi saint Haji Bektash Veli.

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Alex Salmond

Alexander Elliot Anderson Salmond (born 31 December 1954) is a Scottish politician who served as the First Minister of Scotland from 2007 to 2014.

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Alexander Downer

Alexander John Gosse Downer AC (born 9 September 1951) is a former Australian politician and diplomat who was leader of the Liberal Party from 1994 to 1995, Minister for Foreign Affairs from 1996 to 2007, and High Commissioner to the United Kingdom from 2014 to 2018.

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Alexander Lukashenko

Aleksandr Grigoryevich Lukashenko (translit,; ɐlʲɪˈksandr ɡrʲɪˈɡorʲjɪvʲɪtɕ ɫʊkɐˈʂɛnkə; born 30 August 1954) is a Belarusian politician serving as President of Belarus since the office was created on 20 July 1994.

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Alexander the Great

Alexander III of Macedon (20/21 July 356 BC – 10/11 June 323 BC), commonly known as Alexander the Great (Aléxandros ho Mégas), was a king (basileus) of the ancient Greek kingdom of Macedon and a member of the Argead dynasty.

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Alexander Windsor, Earl of Ulster

Major Alexander Patrick Gregers Richard Windsor, Earl of Ulster (born 24 October 1974) is a retired British Army officer.

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Alexandra Silverthorne

Alexandra Silverthorne (born 1980) is a Washington, D.C.-based artist and photographer.

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Alexandre de Marenches

Count Alexandre de Marenches (June 7, 1921, Paris - June 2, 1995) was a French military officer, former director of the SDECE French external intelligence services (6 November 1970 - 12 June 1981), special advisor to U.S. President Ronald Reagan and a member of the Academy of Morocco.

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Alexei Kosygin

Alexei Nikolayevich Kosygin (p; – 18 December 1980) was a Soviet-Russian statesman during the Cold War.

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Alfa Group

Alfa Group Consortium is one of Russia's largest privately owned investment groups, with interests in oil and gas, commercial and investment banking, asset management, insurance, retail trade, telecommunications, water utilities and special situation investments.

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Alfred Gissing

Alfred Charles Gissing (Epsom, Surrey, 20 January 1896 – 27 November 1975, Valais, Switzerland), was an English writer and headmaster, the son of George Gissing.

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Alfred Jolson

Alfred James Jolson, S.J. (June 18, 1928 in Bridgeport, Connecticut, U.S. – March 21, 1994 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, U.S.), was an American prelate of the Roman Catholic Church and former Bishop of the Diocese of Reykjavík, Iceland.

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Alfred Rasho

Alfred Rasho is an Iraqi Assyrian documentary filmmaker.

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Alfred V. Rascon

Alfred Velazquez Rascon (born September 10, 1945) is a retired United States Army lieutenant colonel.

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Algerian Air Force

The Algerian Air Force (AAF) (القوات الجوية الجزائرية,; Armée de l'air algérienne), is the aerial arm of the Algerian People's Military.

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Alhagi maurorum

Alhagi maurorum is a species of legume commonly known, variously, as camelthorn, camelthorn-bush, Caspian manna, and Persian mannaplant.

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Alhurra

Alhurra (الحرة,The pronunciation differs depending on the variety of Arabic, for example,. "the Free One") is a United States-based public Arabic-language satellite TV channel that broadcasts news and current affairs programming to audiences in the Middle East and North Africa.

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Ali

Ali (ʿAlī) (15 September 601 – 29 January 661) was the cousin and the son-in-law of Muhammad, the last prophet of Islam.

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Ali Abbas (footballer)

Ali Abbas (علي عباس مشيهد الحلفي, born 30 August 1986) is an Iraqi footballer who last played for the Wellington Phoenix in the A-League and the Iraq national team.

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Ali Abbass Alwan

Ali Abbass Alwan is an Iraqi academic.

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Ali Abdul Motalib Awayd Hassan Al Tayeea

Ali Abdul Motalib Awayd Hassan Al Tayeea is a citizen of Iraq who was held in extrajudicial detention in the United States's Guantanamo Bay detention camps, in Cuba.

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Ali Adnan Mohamed

Ali Adnan Mohamed is an Iraqi archer.

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Ali Air Base

Nasiriyah Airport is a Military / Public located near Nasiriyah, Iraq.

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Ali Al Salem Air Base

Ali Al Salem Air Base is a military air base situated in Kuwait, approximately 23 miles from the Iraqi border.

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Ali al-Adeeb

Ali Mohammad Al-Hussein Ali Al-Adeeb is an Iraqi politician and a senior member of the Islamic Dawa Party.

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Ali al-Akbar ibn Husayn

‘Ali al-Akbar ibn Al-Husayn (علي الأكبر ابن الحسين), or simply "Ali al-Akbar," was the son of Al-Husayn ibn ‘Ali, the third Shi‘ite Imam, and Umme Layla.

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Ali al-Asghar ibn Husayn

‘Abdullah ‘Ali al-Asghar ibn Al-Husayn (09 Rajab 60 AH – 10 Muharram 61 AH (10 October 680 CE)), or simply ‘Ali Asghar ("Younger ‘Ali"), was the youngest child of Al-Husayn (son of ‘Ali, grandson of the Islamic Prophet Muhammad and the third Imam) and Rubab bint Imra’ al-Qays.

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Ali al-Hadi

Alī ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Alī (علي بن محمد بن علي; 828-868 C.E.) commonly called Ali al-Hadi and Alī an-Naqī was known as al-Hadi. He was the tenth of the Twelve Imams after his father Muhammad al-Jawad and before his son Hasan al-Askari. He remained in Medina teaching until the age of 30 when he was summoned to Samarra by the Abbasid caliph Al-Mutawakkil. There he was treated roughly by the caliph and his successors until, according to Shiite accounts, he was poisoned through intrigue of Al-Mu'tazz the Abbasid caliph, in 254/868, and was buried in Samarra.

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Ali al-Haidari

Ali al-Haidari (died January 4, 2005; translit) was the governor of the Baghdad Governorate in Iraq.

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Ali al-Shemari

Ali al-Shemari is an Iraqi politician from the Sadrist Movement who was the Health Minister of Iraq from May 20, 2006 until April 16, 2007.

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Ali al-Sistani

Al-Sayyid Ali al-Husseini al-Sistani (السيد علي الحسيني السيستاني), or Sayyed Ali Hosseini Sistani (سید علی حسینی سیستانی), commonly known as Ayatollah Sistani in the Western world (born August 4, 1930 in Mashhad), is an Iranian Shia marja in Iraq and the head of many of the seminaries (Hawzahs) in Najaf.

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Ali al-Tamimi

Ali Al-Tamimi (also Ali Al-Timimi; born December 14, 1963 in Washington, DC) is a former Fairfax County resident, biologist, and Islamic teacher who was subsequently convicted of inciting terrorism in connection with the Virginia Jihad Network and sentenced to life imprisonment.

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Ali Allawi

Ali Abdul-Amir Allawi (born 1947) is an Iraqi politician who was Minister of Trade and Minister of Defense in the cabinet appointed by the Interim Iraq Governing Council from September 2003 until 2004, and subsequently Minister of Finance in the Iraqi Transitional Government between 2005 and 2006.

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Ali as Caliph

Ali was the caliph between 656 and 661 CE, one of the hardest periods in Muslim history, coinciding with the first Muslim civil war.

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Ali Baban

Ali Ghalib Baban is the former Iraqi Minister of Planning and Development Co-operation in the government of Nouri al-Maliki.

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Ali Dashti

Ali Dashti (علی دشتی, pronounced; 31 March 1897 – January 16, 1982) was an Iranian rationalist of the twentieth century.

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Ali Fadel

Ali Fadel al-Misir is an Iraqi politician who was the Governor of Baghdad Province from December 2004 to January 2005.

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Ali Fallahian

Ali Fallahian, (علی فلاحیان., born 23 October 1945) is an Iranian politician and cleric.

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Ali Ghaidan Majid

Lt.

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Ali Hujwiri

Abu ’l-Ḥasan ʿAlī b. ʿUthmān b. ʿAlī al-Ghaznawī al-Jullābī al-Hujwīrī (c. 1009-1072/77), known as ʿAlī al-Hujwīrī or al-Hujwīrī (also spelt Hajweri, Hajveri, or Hajvery) for short, or reverentially as Shaykh Syed ʿAlī al-Hujwīrī or as Dātā Ganj Bakhsh by Muslims of the Indian subcontinent, was an 11th-century Ghaznian-Persian Sunni Muslim mystic, theologian, and preacher from what is now Afghanistan who became famous for composing the Kashf al-maḥjūb (Unveiling of the Hidden), which is considered the "earliest formal treatise" on Sufism in Persian.

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Ali ibn Ahmad al-Jarjara'i

Abu’l-Qāsim ʿAlī ibn Aḥmad al-Jarjarāʾī was a Fatimid official of Iraqi origin, who served as the Fatimid vizier from 1027 until his death on 27 March 1045.

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Ali ibn al-Athir

Abu al-Hassan Ali ibn Muhammad ibn Muhammad ash-Shaybani, better known as Ali 'Izz al-Din Ibn al-Athir al-Jazari (Arabic: علي عز الدین بن الاثیر الجزري) (1233–1160) was an Arab or Kurdish historian and biographer who wrote in Arabic and was from the Ibn Athir family.

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Ali ibn al-Madini

Abū al-Ḥasan ʻAlī ibn ʻAbdillāh ibn Jaʻfar al-Madīnī (778 CE/161 AH – 849/234) (أبو الحسن علي بن عبد الله بن جعفر المديني) was a ninth-century Sunni Islamic scholar who was influential in the science of hadith.

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Ali ibn Husayn Zayn al-Abidin

Ali ibn Husayn (علي بن الحسين) known as Zayn al-Abidin (the adornment of the worshippers) and Imam al-Sajjad (The Prostrating Imam), was the fourth Shia Imam, after his father Husayn, his uncle Hasan, and his grandfather Ali.

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Ali ibn Ridwan

Abu'l Hassan Ali ibn Ridwan Al-Misri, أبو الحسن علي بن رضوان المصري (c. 988 - c. 1061) was an Arab of Egyptian origin who was a physician, astrologer and astronomer, born in Giza. He was a commentator on ancient Greek medicine, and in particular on Galen; his commentary on Galen's Ars Parva was translated by Gerardo Cremonese. However, he is better known for providing the most detailed description of the supernova now known as SN 1006, the brightest stellar event in recorded history, which he observed in the year 1006. This was written in a commentary on Ptolemy's work Tetrabiblos. He was later cited by European authors as Haly, or Haly Abenrudian. According to Alistair Cameron Crombie he also contributed to the theory of induction. He engaged in a celebrated polemic against another physician, Ibn Butlan of Baghdad.

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Ali Ismail Abbas

Ali Abbas (born 1991) is an Iraqi man who drew a lot of media attention after being severely injured in a night-time aerial missile attack near Baghdad during the United States' 2003 invasion of Iraq.

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Ali Kafi

Ali Hussain Kafi (علي حسين كافي; ALA-LC: ʿAlī Ḥusain Kāfī; 7 October 1928 – 16 April 2013) was an Algerian politician who was Chairman of the High Council of State and acting President from 1992 to 1994.

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Ali Khan Vali

Ali Khan Vali (علی خان والی, 1262 - 1318 Hijri) was an Iranian photographer and political figure of the era of Naser al-Din Shah and Mozaffar ad-Din Shah Qajar.

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Ali Larijani

Ali Larijani (علی لاریجانی,; born 3 June 1957) is an Iranian conservative politician, philosopher and former military officer who has been Speaker of the Parliament of Iran since 2008.

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Ali Mejbel Fartoos

Ali Mejbel Fartoos (born on 17 June 1982 in Iraq) is a Qatari footballer who currently plays as a striker for Al Shamal.

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Ali Merdan

Ali Merdan (1904–1981) (عه‌لی مه‌ردان) is a Kurdish musician who was born in Kirkuk, widely regarded as the man who revolutionized the maqam.

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Ali Mohsen

Ali Mohsen Al-Moraisi (علي محسن المريسي) (died 1994) was Yemen’s greatest football player, and the first to ply his trade in the Egyptian league with Arab giants Zamalek in the 1960s.

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Ali Musa Daqduq

Ali Mussa Daqduq is a senior Hezbollah leader and senior advisor to Asa'ib Ahl al-Haq leader Qais al-Khazali.

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Ali Mutashar

Ali Mutashar (علي مطشر; born 11 June 1989 in Baghdad, Iraq) is an Iraqi football Goalkeeper.

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Ali Naqi Naqvi

Ayatollah Sayyed Ali Naqi Naqvi (born 26 December 1905 – 18 May 1988) (26 Rajab 1323 AH - 1 Shawal 1408 AH), also known as Naqqan Sahib, was a mujtahid from Lucknow, India who graduated from Najaf, Iraq.

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Ali of Hejaz

Ali bin Hussein, GBE (علي بن الحسين بن علي الهاشمي, ‘Alī ibn al-Ḥusayn ibn ‘Alī al-Hāshimī; 18791935) was King of Hejaz and Grand Sharif of Mecca from October 1924 until he was deposed by Ibn Saud in December 1925.

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Ali Rehema

Ali Hussein Rehema Al-Mutairi (علي حسين رحيمة المطيري, born on August 8, 1985 in Iraq) is an Iraqi footballer who is a Defender, playing for Al-Zawraa.

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Ali Salah Hashim

Ali Salah Hashim (علي صلاح هاشم, born February 16, 1987 in Iraq) is an Iraqi football striker playing for Naft Al-Janoob SC.

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Ali-Reza Asgari

Ali-Reza Asgari (علیرضا عسگری, born 1 November 1952) was an Iranian general of the Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps, deputy defense minister, and cabinet member of Iranian President Mohammad Khatami.

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Alia Mamdouh

Alia Mamdouh also spelled Aliyah Mamduh (born 1944 in Baghdad, Iraq) is an Iraqi novelist, author and journalist living in exile in Paris, France.

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Aliyah

Aliyah (עֲלִיָּה aliyah, "ascent") is the immigration of Jews from the diaspora to the Land of Israel (Eretz Israel in Hebrew).

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Alkafeel University College

Alkafeel University College (previously Humanitarian Studies University College) is a private Iraqi university estableshed in 2005 in Najaf, Iraq.

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All in the Family: Absolutism, Revolution, and Democracy in the Middle Eastern Monarchies

All in the Family: Absolutism, Revolution, and Democracy in the Middle Eastern Monarchies is a book by Michael Herb published in 1999.

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All India Muslim Forum

All India Muslim Forum is a Muslim political party in India.

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All Night Long (All Night)

"All Night Long (All Night)" is a hit single by American singer-songwriter Lionel Richie from 1983.

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All-women shortlist

The use of all-women shortlists (AWS) is a positive action practice intended to increase the proportion of female Members of Parliament (MPs) in the United Kingdom, allowing only women to stand in particular constituencies for a particular political party.

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Allameh Helli High Schools

Allameh Helli Schools, named after Al-Hilli, are schools found in various cities of Iran.

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Allancastria deyrollei

Allancastria deyrollei is a butterfly belonging to the family Papilionidae.

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Allegations of war crimes in the 2006 Lebanon War

Allegations of war crimes in the 2006 Lebanon War refer to claims of various groups and individuals, including Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch, and United Nations officials, who accused both Hezbollah and Israel of violating international humanitarian law during the 2006 Lebanon War, and warned of possible war crimes.

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Allen Parish, Louisiana

Allen Parish (Paroisse d'Allen) is a parish located in the U.S. state of Louisiana.

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Allen West (politician)

Allen Bernard West (born February 7, 1961) is an American political commentator, retired U.S. Army Lieutenant Colonel, and former member of the U.S. House of Representatives.

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Alliance

An alliance is a relationship among people, groups, or states that have joined together for mutual benefit or to achieve some common purpose, whether or not explicit agreement has been worked out among them.

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Alliance of the periphery

The Alliance of the periphery or the Periphery doctrine is a foreign policy strategy that called for Israel to develop close strategic alliances with non-Arab Muslim states in the Middle East to counteract the united opposition of Arab states to the existence of Israel.

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Allium ampeloprasum

Allium ampeloprasum is a member of the onion genus Allium.

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Alluvial plain

An alluvial plain is a largely flat landform created by the deposition of sediment over a long period of time by one or more rivers coming from highland regions, from which alluvial soil forms.

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Almon, Mateh Binyamin

Almon (עַלְמוֹן), also known as Anatot (עֲנָתוֹת), is an Israeli settlement organized as a community settlement in the West Bank.

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Alon Ben-Meir

Alon Ben-Meir (born 1937) is an American expert on Middle East politics and affairs, specializing in peace negotiations between Israel and the Arab states.

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Alphonse Mingana

Alphonse Mingana (born as Hurmiz Mingana; ܗܪܡܙ ܡܢܓܢܐ, in 1878 at Sharanesh, a village near Zakho (present day Iraq) - died 5 December 1937 Birmingham, England) was an ethnic Chaldean theologian, historian, Syriacist, orientalist and a former priest who is best known for collecting and preserving the Mingana Collection of ancient Middle Eastern manuscripts at Birmingham.

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Alphonso Van Marsh

Alphonso Van Marsh is an American journalist and war correspondent.

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Alpine Brigade Taurinense

The Alpine Brigade Taurinense is a light Infantry brigade of the Italian Army, specializing in Mountain Combat.

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Alqosh

Alqōsh (ܐܲܠܩܘܫ, Judeo-Aramaic: אלקוש, ألقوش), alternatively spelled Alkosh, Al-qosh or Alqush, is an Assyrian town in northern Iraq and is within Nineveh Plains.

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Alrafidain University College

Al Rafidain University College Al-Rafidain College is a private academic institution in higher education of public interest established IN 23/11/1988.

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Alsalam University College

Alsalam University College (كلية السلام الجامعة) (previously: Sheikh Mohammed Al Kasinzan University College) is a private Iraqi university established in 2005 in Baghdad, Iraq.

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Alvar Aalto

Hugo Alvar Henrik Aalto (3 February 1898 – 11 May 1976) was a Finnish architect and designer.

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Alvin Hellerstein

Alvin K. Hellerstein (born 1933) is a Senior United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York and has been involved in several high-profile cases.

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Alvin Townley

Alvin Townley (born 1975) is an American author who writes about adventure, service, and inspiration.

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Alwand River

The Alwand or Halwan River (نهر حلوان., چەم ئەڵوەن, رود الوند) is a river in eastern Iraq and western Iran.

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Alyssa Peterson

Alyssa Renee Peterson (February 29, 1976 – September 15, 2003) was a United States Army soldier, with Arabic language certification, who served with C Company, 311th Military Intelligence Battalion, 101st Airborne in Iraq.

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Amanat Baghdad

Amanat Baghdad (نادي امانة بغداد), is an Iraqi football team based in Karkh District, West Districts of the Tigris River, Baghdad.

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Amarah

Amarah (العمارة Al ‘Amārah, also spelled Amara, is a city in south-eastern Iraq, located on a low ridge next to the Tigris River waterway south of Baghdad about 50 km from the border with Iran. It lies at the northern tip of the marshlands between the Tigris and Euphrates. Predominantly Shia Muslim, it had a population of about 340,000 as of 2002 and about 420,000 as of 2005. It is the administrative capital of the Maysan province. A major trading center for the surrounding agricultural area, it is known for woven goods and silverware.

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Amba (condiment)

Amba or anba (عنبه,عمبة, أمبة, همبة, עמבה) is a tangy mango pickle condiment popular in Indian and Middle Eastern cuisine (particularly Saudi, Iraqi, and Israeli cuisines).

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Amberboa moschata

Amberboa moschata (common name sweetsultan) is a Southwest Asian species of plants in the sunflower family.

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AMD Alarus

The AMD Alarus CH2000 is a two-seat, fixed tricycle gear general aviation airplane, used primarily for flight training.

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Ameer Sabah

Ameer Sabah Hussein Al-Hamadani (امير صباح حسين الحمداني, born 10 January 1988 in Baghdad, Iraq) is an Iraqi football Winger playing for Al-Zawraa in Iraqi Premier League.

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Ameer Sachet

Ameer Sachet (born 1963 in Baghdad, Iraq) is a Swedish politician of the Social Democratic Party.

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Amendment to the Constitution of Iraq

The government of Iraq has established a committee to consider a proposed amendment to the Constitution of Iraq.

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Amer Alwan

Amer Alwan (born 1957 in Babylon, Iraq) is an Iraqi French film director.

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America's Army

America's Army is a game technology platform used to develop first-person shooter (FPS) video games published in 2002 by the U.S. Army.

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America's Got Talent (season 3)

The third season of America's Got Talent, an American television reality show talent competition, premiered on NBC on June 17, 2008.

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American Civil Liberties Union v. Department of Defense

American Civil Liberties Union v. Department of Defense Case No: 04-CV-4151 (ACLU v. DoD), is a case in United States Federal Court, wherein the American Civil Liberties Union sued the Department of Defense and the Central Intelligence Agency under the Freedom of Information Act for the release of still-secret materials —specifically those related to abuse at Abu Ghraib prison in Baghdad, Iraq, during the U.S. military Occupation of Iraq.

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American Enterprise Institute

The American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research, known simply as the American Enterprise Institute (AEI), is a conservative think tank based in Washington, D.C. which researches government, politics, economics and social welfare.

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American Foreign Service Association

American Foreign Service Association (AFSA), established in 1924, is the professional association of the United States Foreign Service.

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American Islamic Congress

Founded late in 2001, the American Islamic Congress (AIC) is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization based in the United States.

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American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee

The American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee, also known as the Joint or the JDC, is a Jewish relief organization based in New York City.

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American Parliamentary Debate Association

The American Parliamentary Debate Association (APDA) is the oldest intercollegiate parliamentary debating association in the United States, and one of two in the nation overall, the other being the National Parliamentary Debate Association (NPDA).

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American Refugee Committee

The American Refugee Committee (ARC) is an international nonprofit, nonsectarian organization that has provided humanitarian assistance and training to millions of beneficiaries over the last 30 years.

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American School for Girls

American School for Girls may refer to.

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American Veterans Committee

Launched in April 2013, the American Veterans Committee (AVC) is a non-profit veterans organization that seeks to organize networking opportunities for veterans, linking them with potential employers in the community and helping increase business opportunities through connections between US veterans to veterans from other countries.

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American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee

The American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee (ADC) states that it is "the largest Arab American grassroots civil rights organization in the United States." According to its webpage it is open to people of all backgrounds, faiths and ethnicities and has a national network of chapters and members in all 50 states.

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Amin al-Husseini

Mohammed Amin al-Husseini (محمد أمين الحسيني; 1897 – 4 July 1974) was a Palestinian Arab nationalist and Muslim leader in Mandatory Palestine.

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Amin Erbati

Elamine Erbate (born 1 July 1981) is a Moroccan footballer.

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Amina al-Sadr

Amina Haydar al-Sadr (آمنة حيدر الصدر), known as Bint al-Huda al-Sadr (بنت الهدى الصدر), was an Iraqi educator and political activist who was executed by Saddam Hussein along with her brother, Ayatullah Sayyid Mohammad Baqir al-Sadr, in 1980.

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Amine Gemayel

Amine Pierre Gemayel (أمين بيار الجميٌل; born 22 January 1942) is a Lebanese politician who was President of Lebanon from 1982 to 1988 and was the leader of Kataeb Party.

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Amir al-Mu'minin

Amir al-Mu'minin (أمير المؤمنين), usually translated "Commander of the Faithful" or "Leader of the Faithful", is the Arabic style of some Caliphs and other independent sovereign Muslim rulers that claim legitimacy from a community of Muslims.

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Amir Khadir

Amir Khadir (امیر خدیر; born June 12, 1961) is a Canadian politician in the National Assembly of Quebec (MNA), Canada for the electoral district of Mercier, and the first male spokesperson for Québec Solidaire, a sovereigntist and left-wing political party which was created by the merger of the Union des Forces Progressistes and Option Citoyenne, a feminist political movement, in February 2006.

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Amir Kulal

Amir Kulal (1278–1370), امیر کلال, امیر کلال, birth name Shams ud-Dīn (شمس الدین, شمس الدین), was a Persian Sufi Islamic scholar, widely considered to be one of the most influential in history.

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Amira Hess

Amira Hess (b. Baghdad, Iraq) (אמירה הס) is an Israeli poet and artist.

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Amiriyah shelter bombing

The Amiriyah shelter bombing was an aerial attack that killed at least 408 civilians on 13 February 1991 during the Persian Gulf War, when an air-raid shelter ("Public Shelter No. 25"), in the Amiriyah neighborhood of Baghdad, Iraq, was destroyed by the U.S. Air Force with two laser-guided "smart bombs".

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Amirli

Amirli (آمرلي; Amirli, Emirli) also spelt Amerli is a town in the Tooz District of Saladin Governorate, near the border with Diyala Governorate, in northern Iraq, about 100 km from the Iranian border.

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Amiya Chakravarty

Amiya Chandra Chakravarty (1901–1986) was an Indian literary critic, academic, and Bengali poet.

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Amman Message

The Amman Message (رسالة عمان) is a statement calling for tolerance and unity in the Muslim world that was issued on 9 November 2004 (27th of Ramadan 1425 AH) by King Abdullah II bin Al-Hussein of Jordan.

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Ammar al-Hakim

Ammar al-Hakim (سید عمار الحكيم) is an Iraqi cleric and politician who led the Islamic Supreme Council of Iraq, from 2009 to 2017.

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Ammo Baba

Emmanuel Baba Dawud better known as Ammo Baba (Arabic: عمو بابا, ܥܡܘ ܒܒܐ) (born 27 November 1934 in Baghdad, Iraq – 27 May 2009 in Dohuk, Iraq), was an Iraqi football player and coach of the Iraq national football team.

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Ammunition technical officer

An ammunition technical officer (ATO) is an officer involved in all aspects of the army's use of ammunition.

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Amnesty International UK Media Awards

The Amnesty International Media Awards are a unique set of awards which pay tribute to the best human rights journalism in the UK.

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Amnesty International USA

Amnesty International USA (AI USA) is one of many country sections that make up Amnesty International worldwide.

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Amol

Amol (آمل –;; also Romanized as Āmol and Amul) is a city and the administrative center of Amol County, Mazandaran Province, Iran.

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Amorium

Amorium was a city in Phrygia, Asia Minor which was founded in the Hellenistic period, flourished under the Byzantine Empire, and declined after the Arab sack of 838.

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Amorphoscelis pantherina

Amorphoscelis pantherina is a species of praying mantis native to Iraq.

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Amos Yadlin

Aluf (Major General, res.) Amos Yadlin (עמוס ידלין; born 20 November 1951) is a former general in the Israeli Air Force (IAF), Israel Defense Forces military attaché to Washington, D.C. and was head of the IDF Military Intelligence Directorate (Aman).

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Amphibious warfare ships of Australia

The Royal Australian Navy and Australian Army have operated 24 amphibious warfare ships.

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Amroha

Amroha is a city in north-western Uttar Pradesh state in northern India, located north-west of Moradabad, near the Sot River.

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AMX-10P

The AMX-10P is a French amphibious infantry fighting vehicle.

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AMX-30

The AMX-30 is a main battle tank designed by Ateliers de construction d'Issy-les-Moulineaux (AMX, then GIAT) and first delivered to the French Army in 1966.

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Amy Fadhli

Amy Fadhli (born January 30, 1965 in Galveston, Texas) is an American fitness model, actress and winner of the Fitness America National Champion 1996.

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Amyas Borton

Air Vice Marshal Amyas Eden Borton, (20 September 1886 – 15 August 1969) was a pilot and commander in the Royal Flying Corps during the First World War and a senior commander in the Royal Air Force during the 1920s.

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AMZ Dzik

Dzik (Wild Boar) is a 4.5-ton Polish-made multi-purpose infantry mobility vehicle.

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AMZ Tur

Tur (Tur 1) (Aurochs) is a light infantry mobility vehicle, designed by the Polish factory AMZ-Kutno in 2007.

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An Numaniyah

An Numaniyah (النعمانية) is a city on the Tigris river in Iraq, located roughly southeast of Baghdad in the Wasit Province.

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An-Najaf Stadium

An Najaf Stadium, is a multi-use stadium in Najaf, Iraq.

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AN/PRC-152

The AN/PRC-152 Multiband Handheld Radio (Harris Falcon III) is a portable, compact, tactical software-defined combat-net radio manufactured by Harris Corporation.

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Ana Maria Gomes

Ana Maria Rosa Martins Gomes, better known as Ana Gomes, GCC, (born 9 February 1954 in Lisbon) is a Portuguese politician, who suspended her career as a diplomat to enter party politics in 2003.

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Anah

Anah or Ana (عانة, ʾĀna), formerly also known as Anna, is an Iraqi town on the Euphrates river, approximately midway between the Gulf of Alexandretta and the Persian Gulf.

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Anah District

Anah is a district in Al Anbar Governorate, Iraq.

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Anan ben David

Anan Ben David (c. 715 - c. 795) (ענן בן דוד) is widely considered to be a major founder of the Karaite movement of Judaism.

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Anas Altikriti

Anas Altikriti (أنس التكريتي; born 9 September 1968 in Iraq) is the CEO and Founder of The Cordoba Foundation, The Cordoba Foundation describes its aim as “bridging the gap of understanding between the Muslim World and the West”.

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Anastas Al-Karmali

Al-Ab Anastas Mari Al-Karmali (الأب أنستاس الكرملي), Anastas the Carmelite, or Père Anastase-Marie de Saint-Élie (5 August 1866 – January 7, 1947), a Lebanese Christian priest and linguist who made important contributions in Arabic linguistics and philology.

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Anastatica

Anastatica or white mustard flower is a monotypic genus with the type species Anastatica hierochuntica.

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Anatolia

Anatolia (Modern Greek: Ανατολία Anatolía, from Ἀνατολή Anatolḗ,; "east" or "rise"), also known as Asia Minor (Medieval and Modern Greek: Μικρά Ἀσία Mikrá Asía, "small Asia"), Asian Turkey, the Anatolian peninsula, or the Anatolian plateau, is the westernmost protrusion of Asia, which makes up the majority of modern-day Turkey.

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Anazzah

Anazzah (عنزة, `Anizah, `Aniza) is an Arab tribe in the Arabian Peninsula, Iraq, and the Levant.

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Anbar (town)

Anbar (الأنبار) was a town in Iraq, at lat.

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Anbar Salvation Council

Anbar Salvation Council (مجلس إنقاذ الأنبار) is a collection of tribal militias in the Al Anbar province of Iraq, formed by former Ba'athists and nationalists to fight al-Qaeda in Iraq and other associated terrorist groups.

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Ancient Church of the East

The Ancient Church of the East (ܥܕܬܐ ܥܬܝܩܬܐ ܕܡܕܢܚܐ ʿĒdtā ʿAttīqtā d'Maḏnəḥā, كنيسة المشرق القديمة, Kanīsa al-Mašriq al-Qadīma), officially the Ancient Holy Apostolic Catholic Church of the East, is an Eastern Christian denomination founded by Thoma Darmo in 1968.

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Ancient history

Ancient history is the aggregate of past events, "History" from the beginning of recorded human history and extending as far as the Early Middle Ages or the post-classical history.

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Ancient music

Ancient music is music that developed in literate cultures, replacing prehistoric music.

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Ancient technology

During the growth of the ancient civilizations, ancient technology was the result from advances in engineering in ancient times.

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Andalusian classical music

Andalusian classical music (طرب أندَلُسي, trans. ṭarab andalusi, música andalusí) is a style of Arabic music found in different styles across the Maghreb (Algeria, Morocco, and to a lesser degree in Tunisia and Libya in the form of the Ma'luf style).

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Anders Fogh Rasmussen

Anders Fogh Rasmussen (born 26 January 1953) is a Danish politician who was the 24th Prime Minister of Denmark from November 2001 to April 2009 and the 12th Secretary General of NATO from August 2009 to October 2014.

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Anders Fogh Rasmussen I Cabinet

After the 2001 Danish parliamentary election, Anders Fogh Rasmussen was able form a government coalition of his own Liberal Party Venstre and the Conservative People's Party.

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Anders Fogh Rasmussen II Cabinet

Prime Minister Anders Fogh Rasmussen retained his parliamentary support in the 2005 Danish parliamentary election, and was able to continue as head of his government.

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Anders Lago

Anders Lago (born 31 October 1956) is a Swedish Social Democratic politician and former mayor (Kommunstyrelsens ordförande) of Södertälje, Sweden.

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Anders' Army

Anders' Army was the informal yet common name of the Polish Armed Forces in the East in the 1941–42 period, in recognition of its commander Władysław Anders.

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Anderson Cooper

Anderson Hays Cooper (born June 3, 1967) is an American journalist, television personality, and author.

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Andrea Parhamovich

Andrea Suzanne Parhamovich (June 16, 1978 – January 17, 2007) was a National Democratic Institute employee who was killed in Baghdad, Iraq when her convoy was ambushed as she was returning from teaching a class on democracy.

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Andrei Kozyrev

Andrey Vladimirovich Kozyrev (Андре́й Влади́мирович Ко́зырев; born 27 March 1951, Brussels, Belgium) was the first Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation under President Boris Yeltsin, in office from October 1991 until January 1996.

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Andres Nuiamäe

Andres Nuiamäe (born on June 2, 1982, in Lehtse, Lääne-Viru County, Estonia – died on February 28, 2004, in Iraq) was a Junior Sergeant of the Estonian Ground Forces, assigned to the ESTPLA-8 unit in Baghdad, Iraq.

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Andrew Horne

Andrew J. Horne is an attorney and a retired United States Marine Corps Reserves Lieutenant Colonel from Louisville, Kentucky who served in the Persian Gulf War and the Iraq War.

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Andrew J. Duck

Andrew J. Duck is a Democratic candidate for the United States House of Representatives for Maryland's 6th congressional district in the 2018 general election.

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Andrew J. Moonen

Andrew J. Moonen currently working for the Washington State Department of Corrections in the Special Offender Unit at the Monroe Correctional Complex, is a former employee of Blackwater Security (since renamed Academi), accused by the Iraq government of murdering Raheem Khalif, a security guard of the Iraqi Vice-president, Adel Abdul Mahdi.

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Andrew J. Olmsted

Andrew J. Olmsted (1 February 1970 – 3 January 2008) was a major in the U.S. Army.

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Andrew Motion

Sir Andrew Motion (born 26 October 1952) is an English poet, novelist, and biographer, who was Poet Laureate of the United Kingdom from 1999 to 2009.

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Andrew Murrison

Andrew William Murrison (born 24 April 1961, Colchester) is a British doctor, naval officer and politician.

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Andrew Nikolic

Andrew Alexander Nikolic (born 20 June 1961) is a former Australian politician, retired senior Australian Army officer, and a former public servant in the Department of Defence.

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Andrew Robathan

Andrew Robert George Robathan, Baron Robathan (born 17 July 1951) is a British Conservative politician, who served as Member of Parliament (MP) for South Leicestershire (previously Blaby) in Leicestershire as well as a government minister.

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Andrew White (priest)

Andrew Paul Bartholemew White (born June 1964) was the vicar of St George's Church, Baghdad, the only Anglican church in Iraq, until his departure, ordered in November 2014 by the Archbishop of Canterbury due to security concerns.

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Andrey Soloviev

Andrey Borisovich Soloviev (Андрей Борисович Соловьёв) (1953 – September 27, 1993) was a Russian war photographer.

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Andy Kershaw

Andrew J. G. Kershaw (born 9 November 1959) is an English broadcaster, known for his interest in world music.

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Andy Martin

Anthony Robert Martin-Trigona, usually known as Andy Martin (born 1945), is an American perennial candidate who has pursued numerous litigations. The Nation, The Washington Post,Mosk, Matthew.. The Washington Post, June 28, 2008. and The New York Times identified him as the primary source of false rumors that then-presidential candidate Barack Obama was secretly a Muslim during the 2008 U.S. Presidential election (an allegation Martin had made as early as 2004). In a later interview with CNN, Martin explicitly abandoned this view and now asserts Obama's real father is not Barack Obama, Sr., but African American journalist Frank Marshall Davis. On October 17, 2008, Martin filed a lawsuit against the state of Hawaii calling for the public release of Barack Obama's birth certificate and other vital records. To counter conspiracy theories that Obama is not a natural-born citizen of the United States, the Obama campaign previously posted an image of his short-form birth certificate online., Obama for America. Retrieved June 14, 2008., FactCheck.org (August 26, 2008): "The document is a 'certification of birth,' also known as a short-form birth certificate. The long form is drawn up by the hospital and includes additional information such as birth weight and parents' hometowns." Martin's lawsuit sought a copy of Sen. Obama's long-form birth certificate. The Hawaii Supreme Court later denied Martin's request.

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Andy McNab

Steven Billy Mitchell, (born 28 December 1959), usually known by the pseudonym and pen-name of Andy McNab, is an English novelist and former British Army infantry soldier.

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Andy Shallal

Anas "Andy" Shallal (Arabic: أنس شلال) (born March 21, 1955 in Baghdad, Iraq) is an Iraqi-American artist, activist and entrepreneur.

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Aneesh Raman

Aneesh Raman manages Facebook's global economic impact programs.

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Anfal genocide

The Anfal genocide was a genocide that killed between 50,000 and 182,000 Kurds.

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Angela Lanza (singer)

Angela Lanza is an American singer from Bay City, Michigan, who has performed in different American cities and internationally as well.

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Anglican Communion

The Anglican Communion is the third largest Christian communion with 85 million members, founded in 1867 in London, England.

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Anglo-Iraqi Treaty (1948)

The Anglo-Iraqi Treaty of 1948, or Portsmouth treaty of 1948, was a treaty between Iraq and United Kingdom signed in Portsmouth, England, on 15 January 1948.

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Anglo-Iraqi Treaty of 1922

The Anglo-Iraqi Treaty of October 1922 was an agreement signed by the government of the United Kingdom and the government of Iraq.

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Anglo-Iraqi War

The Anglo–Iraqi War (2–31 May 1941) was a British military campaign against the rebel government of Rashid Ali in the Kingdom of Iraq during the Second World War.

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Anglo-Persian Oil Company

The Anglo-Persian Oil Company (APOC) was a British company founded in 1908 following the discovery of a large oil field in Masjed Soleiman, Iran.

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Aniconism

Aniconism is the absence of material representations of the natural and supernatural world in various cultures, particularly in the monotheistic Abrahamic religions.

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Aniconism in Islam

Aniconism is a proscription in Islam against the creation of images of sentient beings.

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Anisa Mehdi

Anisa Marie Mehdi is a film director and journalist.

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Anita McNaught

Anita McNaught (born 1965) is a journalist, television correspondent and former presenter, based in Istanbul in Turkey.

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Ann Clwyd

Ann Clwyd Roberts (born 21 March 1937) is a Welsh Labour Party politician who has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for Cynon Valley since 1984.

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Ann Coulter

Ann Hart Coulter (born December 8, 1961) is an American conservative social and political commentator, writer, syndicated columnist, and lawyer.

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Ann Curry

Ann Curry (born November 19, 1956) is an American journalist, and photojournalist.

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Ann Wright

Mary Ann Wright (born 1947) is a retired United States Army colonel and retired U.S. State Department official, known for her outspoken opposition to the Iraq War.

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Anna Botting

Anna Elizabeth Botting (born 4 November 1967) is an award-winning English news presenter with Sky News, a broadcasting network based in the United Kingdom.

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Anna Di Lellio

Anna Di Lellio is a sociologist, journalist and former United Nations consultant.

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Anna Eshoo

Anna Georges Eshoo (born December 13, 1942) is the U.S. Representative for, serving in Congress since 1993.

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Annazids

The Annazid or Banu Annaz or Al-Anazis (990–1116), were a Kurdish Sunni Muslim dynasty that ruled a territory on the present-day Iran-Iraq frontier that included Kermanshah, Ilam, Hulwan, Dinawar (all in western Iran), Sharazour, Daquq, Daskara, Bandanijin(Mandali), and No'maniya (in south-eastern Iraq).

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Anne Begg

Dame Margaret Anne Begg DBE (born 6 December 1955) is a British Labour Party politician, who served as the Member of Parliament (MP) for Aberdeen South between 1997 and 2015.

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Anne Garrels

Anne Garrels (born July 2, 1951) was a long-time foreign correspondent for National Public Radio in the United States.

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Annexation

Annexation (Latin ad, to, and nexus, joining) is the administrative action and concept in international law relating to the forcible transition of one state's territory by another state.

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Annie Nightingale

Anne Avril Nightingale, MBE (born 1 April 1940) is an English radio and television broadcaster.

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Annunziata Rees-Mogg

Annunziata Mary Glanville (née Rees-Mogg; born 25 March 1979) is an English freelance journalist whose focus is finance, economics, and European politics.

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Another Hero Lost

"Another Hero Lost" is the second single from the album Threads of Life by the thrash metal band Shadows Fall.

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Ansar al-Islam

Ansar al-Islam (أنصار الإسلام) or Ansar al-Islam fi Kurdistan (أنصار الإسلام في كردستان), also referred to as AAIChalk, Peter, Encyclopedia of Terrorism Volume 1, 2012, ABC-CLIO is a Sunni Muslim insurgent group in Iraq and Syria.

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Anthemis arvensis

Anthemis arvensis, also known as corn chamomile, mayweed, scentless chamomile, or field chamomile is a species of the genus Anthemis and in the Asteraceae family.

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Anthemis cotula

Anthemis cotula, also known as stinking chamomile, is a flowering annual plant with a noticeable and strong odor.

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Anthony Browne (UK politics)

Anthony Browne (born 19 January 1967) was head of the British Bankers' Association from September 2012 to 2017.

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Anthony Cordesman

Anthony H. Cordesman (born August 1, 1939) holds the Arleigh A. Burke Chair in Strategy at the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) and is a national security analyst on a number of global conflicts.

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Anthony D. Romero

Anthony D. Romero is the executive director of the American Civil Liberties Union.

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Anthony Eden

Robert Anthony Eden, 1st Earl of Avon, (12 June 1897 – 14 January 1977) was a British Conservative politician who served three periods as Foreign Secretary and then a relatively brief term as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1955 to 1957.

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Anthony G. Brown

Anthony Gregory Brown (born November 21, 1961) is an American lawyer and politician, who is currently serving as the U.S. Representative for Maryland's 4th congressional district.

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Anthony Loyd

Anthony William Vivian Loyd (born 12 September 1966) is an English journalist, a noted war correspondent.

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Anthony May

Anthony May (born 23 May 1946) is an English stage, television and film actor.

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Anthony Minghella

Anthony Minghella, CBE (6 January 195418 March 2008) was a British film director, playwright and screenwriter.

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Anthony Suau

Anthony Suau is an American photojournalist, based in New York City.

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Anthony Weiner

Anthony David Weiner (born September 4, 1964) is an American former Democratic congressman who represented from January 1999 until June 2011.

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Anthony Zinni

Anthony Charles Zinni (born September 17, 1943) is a former United States Marine Corps general and a former Commander in Chief of the United States Central Command (CENTCOM).

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Anthrax vaccines

Vaccines against the livestock and human disease anthrax—caused by the bacterium Bacillus anthracis—have had a prominent place in the history of medicine, from Pasteur’s pioneering 19th-century work with cattle (the first effective bacterial vaccine and the second effective vaccine ever) to the controversial late 20th century use of a modern product to protect American troops against the use of anthrax in biological warfare.

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Anti-Arabism

Anti-Arabism, Anti-Arab sentiment or Arabophobia is opposition to, or dislike, fear, hatred, and advocacy of genocide of Arab people.

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Anti-Europeanism

Anti-Europeanism and Europhobia are political terms used in a variety of contexts, implying sentiment or policies in opposition to "Europe".

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Anti-French sentiment in the United States

Anti-French sentiment in the United States is the manifestation of Francophobia by Americans.

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Anti-Narcotics Force

The Anti-Narcotics Force (انسداد منشیات پولیس, reporting name: ANF) is a Federal Executive bureau of the Government of Pakistan, tasked with combating the narcotics smuggling and use within Pakistan.

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Anti-ship missile

Anti-ship missiles are guided missiles that are designed for use against ships and large boats.

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Anti-tank dog

Anti-tank dogs (собаки-истребители танков sobaki-istrebiteli tankov or противотанковые собаки protivotankovye sobaki; Panzerabwehrhunde or Hundeminen, "dog-mines") were dogs taught to carry explosives to tanks, armored vehicles and other military targets.

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Anti-War Committee

The Anti-War Committee (AWC) is a grassroots political organization based in Minneapolis, Minnesota that wants to end U.S. intervention.