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'Abd al-Rahman ibn 'Awf (عبد الرحمن بن عوف) (c.581 CE – c.654 CE) was one of the companions of the Islamic prophet Muhammad.
'Abdullah ibn Rawahah ibn Tha'labah (عبدالله ابن رواحة) was one of the companions of the Islamic prophet, Muhammad.
'Ajjur (عجّور) was a Palestinian Arab village of over 3,700 inhabitants located northwest of Hebron.
A Distant Mirror: The Calamitous 14th Century is a narrative history book by the American historian Barbara Tuchman, first published by Alfred A. Knopf in 1978.
A History of God is a book by Karen Armstrong.
A History of the Arab Peoples is a book written by the British-born Lebanese historian Albert Hourani.
A Jihad for Love (preceded by a short film called In the Name of Allah) is a 2008 documentary film and was the world’s first film on Islam and homosexuality.
A Journey Beyond the Three Seas (Хожение за три моря, Khozheniye za tri morya) is a Russian literary monument in the form of travel notes, made by a merchant from Tver, Afanasiy Nikitin during his journey to India in 1466–1472.
A Little History of the World (originally in German, Eine kurze Weltgeschichte für junge Leser) is a history book by Ernst Gombrich.
A Practical Reference to Religious and Spiritual Diversity for Operational Police is a publication of the Australia New Zealand Policing Advisory Agency.
A Study of History is a 12-volume universal history by the British historian Arnold J. Toynbee, published in 1934–61.
A Warning to the Hindus is a 1939 booklet by intellectual and mystic Savitri Devi.
A Way of Life is a British film released in 2004 starring Stephanie James and Brenda Blethyn.
A'isha bint Talhah (عائشة بنت طلحة) was, according to a Sunni source, the daughter of the prominent Muslim general Talha ibn Ubayd-Allah and Umm Kulthum bint Abu Bakr.
Abdullah Mahmud Hendropriyono (born 7 May 1945 in Yogyakarta) is a retired four-star general from Kopassus, the Indonesian Army special forces group.
Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam (15 October 1931 – 27 July 2015) was an Indian scientist who served as the 11th President of India from 2002 to 2007. He was born and raised in Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu and studied physics and aerospace engineering. He spent the next four decades as a scientist and science administrator, mainly at the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) and was intimately involved in India's civilian space programme and military missile development efforts. He thus came to be known as the Missile Man of India for his work on the development of ballistic missile and launch vehicle technology. He also played a pivotal organisational, technical, and political role in India's Pokhran-II nuclear tests in 1998, the first since the original nuclear test by India in 1974. Kalam was elected as the 11th President of India in 2002 with the support of both the ruling Bharatiya Janata Party and the then-opposition Indian National Congress. Widely referred to as the "People's President," he returned to his civilian life of education, writing and public service after a single term. He was a recipient of several prestigious awards, including the Bharat Ratna, India's highest civilian honour. While delivering a lecture at the Indian Institute of Management Shillong, Kalam collapsed and died from an apparent cardiac arrest on 27 July 2015, aged 83. Thousands including national-level dignitaries attended the funeral ceremony held in his hometown of Rameshwaram, where he was buried with full state honours.
Aadorf is a municipality in the district of Münchwilen in the canton of Thurgau in Switzerland.
Aalo, formerly Along, is a census town and headquarter of the West Siang district of the Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh.
Aamir Liaquat Hussain (عامر لیاقت حسین; born 5 July 1971) is a Pakistani television host and politician.
Aarberg is a historic town and a municipality in the Seeland administrative district in the canton of Bern in Switzerland.
Aaron is a prophet, high priest, and the brother of Moses in the Abrahamic religions (elder brother in the case of Judaism).
Aaron ben Elijah (Aharon son of Eliyahu), the Latter, of Nicomedia (אהרון בן אליהו האחרון; born 1328 or 1329 in Nicomedia – 1369 in Constantinople) is often considered to be the most prominent Karaite theologian.
Aaron ben Isaac Lapapa (c. 1590–1674) was an Oriental rabbi and Talmudist.
Aarwangen is a village and a municipality in the Oberaargau administrative district in the canton of Bern in Switzerland.
Aashish Khan Debsharma (born 5 December 1939) is an Indian classical musician, a player of the Sarode.
The Ababda or Ababde – the Gebadei of Pliny, and possibly the Troglodytes of other classical writers – are nomads living in the area between the Nile and the Red Sea, in the vicinity of Aswan in Egypt and north Sudan.
Abai (Ibrahim) Qunanbaiuly (Абай (Ибраһим) Құнанбайұлы, Abaı (Ibrahım) Qunanbaıuly, اباي (ىيبراحىيم) قۇنانبايۇلى) (August 10, 1845 – July 6, 1904) was a Kazakh poet, composer and philosopher.
Abangan refers to Javanese people who are Muslims who practice a much more syncretic version of Islam than the more orthodox santri.
Abass Chernor Bundu (born in Gbinti, Port Loko District) is a Sierra Leonean politician, diplomat, and the current Speaker of the House of Parliament of Sierra Leone, in office since April 25, 2018.
The Abayudaya (Abayudaya is Luganda for "People of Judah") are a Baganda community in eastern Uganda near the town of Mbale who practice a form of Judaism.
Abusa'id Abolkhayr or Abū-Sa'īd Abul-Khayr (ابوسعید ابوالخیر) (December 7, 967 - January 12, 1049), also known as Sheikh Abusaeid or Abu Sa'eed, was a famous Persian Sufi and poet who contributed extensively to the evolution of Sufi tradition.
Moti Abba Bok'a was a King of the Gibe Kingdom of Jimma (reigned 1859–1862).
Moti Abba Jifar I was the first king of the Gibe Kingdom of Jimma, Ethiopia, (r. 1830–1855).
Abbad ibn Bishr (عباد بن بشر) (c.587–632) was a companion of the Islamic prophet Muhammad.
The Abbadid dynasty or Abbadids (Arabic,بنو عباد) was an Arab Muslim dynasty which arose in Al-Andalus on the downfall of the Caliphate of Cordoba (756–1031).
Al-‘Abbas ibn ‘Abd al-Muttalib (العباس بن عبد المطلب) (c.568 – c.653 CE) was a paternal uncle and Sahabi (companion) of Muhammad, just three years older than his nephew.
Al-Abbas ibn Ali (العباس بن علي, عباس فرزند علی), also Qamar Banī Hāshim (the moon of Banu Hashim) (born 4th Sha‘bān 26 AH – 10 Muharram 61 AH; approximately May 15, 647 – October 10, 680), was the son of Imam Ali, the first Imam of Shia Muslims and the fourth Caliph of Sunni Muslims, and Fatima bint Hizam, commonly known as Mother of the Sons ('أم البنين'). Abbas is revered by Shia Muslims for his loyalty to his half-brother Hussein, his respect for the Households of Muhammad, and his role in the Battle of Karbala. Abbas is buried in the Shrine of Abbas in Karbala, Karbala Governorate, Iraq, where he was martyred during the Battle of Karbala on the day of Ashura. He was praised for his "handsome looks".
Abbasgulu Bakikhanov (Abbasqulu ağa Bakıxanov Qüdsi) (21 June 1794, Amirjan – 31 May 1847, Wadi Fatima, near Jeddah), Abbas Qoli Bakikhanov, or Abbas-Qoli ibn Mirza Mohammad (Taghi) Khan Badkubi was an Azerbaijani writer, historian, journalist, linguist, poet and philosopher.
The Abbasid Caliphate (or ٱلْخِلافَةُ ٱلْعَبَّاسِيَّة) was the third of the Islamic caliphates to succeed the Islamic prophet Muhammad.
Abbās Mahmūd al-Aqqād (عباس محمود العقاد; 28 June 1889 – 12 March 1964) was an Egyptian journalist, poet and literary critic,, Encyclopædia Britannica Online.
Abdul Aziz bin Abdullah bin Baz (عبد العزيز بن عبد الله بن باز) (November 21, 1910 – May 13, 1999), was a Saudi Arabian Islamic scholar and a leading proponent of the Wahhabi form of Islam.
Abdal-Hamid Kishk (March 10, 1933 – December 6, 1996) was an Egyptian preacher, scholar of Islam, activist, and author.
Abd al-Karīm al-Jīlī, or Abdul Karim Jili (Arabic:عبدالكريم جيلى) was a Muslim Sufi saint and mystic who was born in 1365, in what is modern day Iraq, possibly in the neighborhood of Jil in Baghdad.
Abd Al-Karim Qasim Muhammed Bakr Al-Fadhli Al-Zubaidi (عبد الكريم قاسم) (21 November 1914 – 9 February 1963), was a nationalist Iraqi Army brigadier who seized power in the 14 July Revolution, wherein the Iraqi monarchy was eliminated.
`Abd al Mu'min (c. 1094–1163) (عبد المؤمن بن علي or عبد المومن الــكـومي; full name: Abū Muḥammad ʿAbd al-Muʾmin ibn ʿAlī ibn ʿAlwī ibn Yaʿlā al-Kūmī) was a prominent member of the Almohad movement.
Abd al-Rahman al-Bazzaz (Arabic: عبد الرحمن البزاز; l20 February 1913– 28 June 1973) was a politician, reformist, and writer.
Qutb-ul Aqtaab Naqib Al Ashraaf Syed Abd ar-Rahman al-Qadri al Gillani (Arabic: عبد الرحمن الكيلاني النقيب) was the first Prime Minister of Iraq, and its head of state.
Abd al-Rahman I, more fully Abd al-Rahman ibn Mu'awiya ibn Hisham ibn Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan (731–788), was the founder of a Muslim dynasty that ruled the greater part of Iberia for nearly three centuries (including the succeeding Caliphate of Córdoba).
Not to be confused with Abd al-Rahman I Moulay Abd al-Rahman ibn Hisham (Marrakesh, 1778 – Meknes, 28 August 1859) (عبد الرحمان) was the sultan of Morocco from 1822 to 1859.
Abu Muhammad Abd al-Wahid 'al-Makhlu' (also known as Abd al-Wahid I, أبو محمد عبد الواحد بن يوسف Abū Muḥammad ‘Abd al-Wāhid bin Yūsuf) was the Almohad Caliph of Morocco for less than a year in 1224.
Abd Allah ibn Abbas (عبد الله ابن عباس) or ′Abd Allah ibn al-′Abbas otherwise called (Ibn Abbas; Al-Habr; Al-Bahr; The Doctor; The Sea) was born c. 619 CE.
`Abd Allah al-Zubayr or ibn Zubayr (عبد الله بن الزبير ‘Abdallāh ibn az-Zubayr; 624–692) was an Arab sahabi whose father was Zubayr ibn al-Awwam, and whose mother was Asma bint Abi Bakr, daughter of the first Caliph Abu Bakr.
In Islam, ʻAbdu l-ʻUzzá ibn Qusai (عبدالعزى) forms an important link between his father, Qusai ibn Kilab (c. 400–480), the great-great-grandfather of Shaiba ibn Hashim (ʻAbdu l-Mutallib) and his son Asad ibn Abd-Al-Uzza.
Abd-Allah ibn Jahsh (عبد الله بن جحش) (c. 586 – 625)Muhammad ibn Saad, Tabaqat vol.
Abd-Allah ibn Ubayy (عبد الله بن أبي بن سلول, died 631), also called ibn Salul in reference to his mother, was a chief of the Arab tribe Banu Khazraj and one of the leading men of Medina (then known as Yathrib).
Abd-Ya-Layl ibn Amr (عبد يا ليل بن عمرو) of the Banu Thaqif tribe was one of the chieftains of the city of Ta'if, a city hostile to Islam.
Abu Muhammad ʿAbdallah 'al-ʿAdil' (عبد الله ʿAbd Allāh; d. October 4, 1227) was an Almohad Caliph of Morocco, a former governor in al-Andalus who challenged and secured the murder of his predecessor, Abd al-Wahid I. His 1224 coup ushered in a period of instability that lasted well beyond his own death in 1227.
The Abdallah Ibn Salam Mosque (مسجد عبد الله بن سلام) is a mosque in Algeria.
Abdallah Mohamed Kamil (عبد الله محمد كامل) (born 1936, in Obock) is a Djiboutian politician.
Abdalqadir as-Sufi (born Ian Dallas in Ayr, Scotland in 1930) is a Shaykh of Instruction, leader of the Darqawi-Shadhili-Qadiri Tariqa, founder of the Murabitun World Movement and author of numerous books on Islam, Sufism and political theory.
Abdel Aziz Ali Abdul Majid al-Rantisi (عبد العزيز علي عبد المجيد الحفيظ الرنتيسي; 23 October 1947 – 17 April 2004), nicknamed the "Lion of Palestine", was the co-founder of the Palestinian movement Hamas along with Sheikh Ahmed Yassin.
Abdelaziz Belkhadem (عبد العزيز بلخادم; born 8 November 1945) is an Algerian politician who was Prime Minister of Algeria from 2006 to 2008.
Abdelbaki Hermassi (عبد الباقي الهرماسي; born on December 26, 1937, Fériana, Tunisia) is a Tunisian politician.
Abdelhamid Sharaf (الشريف عبدالحميد شرف) (8 July 1939 – 3 July 1980), was Prime Minister of Jordan from December 1979 until his death of a heart attack after seven months in office.
Abdelsalam al-Majali (عبد السلام المجالي; born April 1925) is a Jordanian physician and politician who served twice as the prime minister of Jordan.
Abdelwahab Abdallah (عبد الوهاب عبد الله; born 14 February 1940) is a Tunisian politician and diplomat who served as the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Tunisia and was advisor to the President.
Abderrahmane Youssoufi (عبد الرحمن اليوسفي; born 8 March 1924) is a Moroccan politician who served as the Prime Minister of Morocco from 1998 to 2002.
Abdi Mohamed Kusow (Cabdi Maxamed Kuusoow, عبدي محمد كوسو) is a Somali scholar and writer.
Abdirahman Jama Barre (Cabdiraxmaan Jaamac Barre, عبد الرحمن جامع بري) (1937 – 15 August 2017 - 2017) was a Somali politician.
Abdirashid Ali Sharmarke (Cabdirashiid Cali Sharmaarke, عبد الرشيد علي شارماركي) (June 8, 1919 – October 15, 1969) was Prime Minister of Somalia from July 12, 1960, to June 14, 1964, and President of Somalia from June 10, 1967, until his assassination on October 15, 1969.
Abdolkarim Soroush (عبدالكريم سروش; born Hossein Haj Faraj Dabbagh (born 1945; حسين حاج فرج دباغ), is an Iranian Islamic thinker, reformer, Rumi scholar, public intellectual, and a former professor of philosophy at the University of Tehran and Imam Khomeini International University during Islamic regime since he only has a chemistry BS. He is arguably the most influential figure in the religious intellectual movement of Iran. Soroush is currently a visiting scholar at the University of Maryland in College Park, MD. He was also affiliated with other prestigious institutions, including Harvard, Princeton, Yale, Columbia, the Leiden-based International Institute as a visiting professor for the Study of Islam in the Modern World (ISIM) and the Wissenschaftskolleg in Berlin. He was named by TIME as one of the world’s 100 most influential people in 2005, and by Prospect magazine as one of the most influential intellectuals in the world in 2008. Soroush's ideas, founded on Relativism, prompted both supporters and critics to compare his role in reforming Islam to that of Martin Luther in reforming Christianity.
Abdollah Javadi-Amoli (عبدالله جوادی آملی) is an Iranian Twelver Shi'a Marja.
Imam Abdul Alim Musa (born 1945 as Clarence Reams) is a Muslim American activist and director of Masjid Al-Islam in Washington, D.C. He is a member of the Institute of Contemporary Islamic Thought (ICIT) and a well-known speaker around the world.
Abdul Hafeez Pirzada (عبدالحفیظ پیرزادہ.; 24 February 1935 – 1 September 2015) was a Pakistani lawyer, legal theorist, and politician, who served variously as Minister for Information, Minister for Law, Minister for Finance, and Minister for Education under President and later Prime Minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto from 1971 to 1977.
Abdul Halim Khaddam (عبد الحليم خدام; born 15 September 1932) is a Syrian politician who was Vice President of Syria from 1984 to 2005.
Maulvi Abdul Haq (مولوی عبد الحق) (20 April 1870 – 16 August 1961) was a scholar and a linguist, whom some call Baba-e-Urdu (بابائے اردو) (Father of Urdu).
Abdul Haq Wasiq is a citizen of Afghanistan who was held in extrajudicial detention in the Guantanamo Bay detainment camps, in Cuba.
Abdul Haris Nasution (3 December 1918 – 6 September 2000) was an Indonesian general who was twice appointed Army Chief of Staff and who escaped an assassination attempt during the 1965 coup attempt by 30 September Movement.
Abdul Injai or Abdoul Ndaiye was a Muslim Wolof mercenary in colonial Portuguese Guinea at the turn of the 20th century.
Maulavi Mohammed Abdul Kabir is a senior member of the Taliban leadership.
Abdul Nasir Mahdani also known as Abdul Nasser Maudani or Madani Born in (Sasthamkotta, Kerala) is a Muslim political activist from Kerala, India.
Colonel Abdul Qadir (1944 – 22 April 2014) was born in Herat and trained as a pilot in the Soviet Union.
Abdul Qadir Bajamal (عبد القادر باجمال; born February 18, 1946) was the Prime Minister of Yemen from 31 March 2001 to 7 April 2007.
Abdul Qayyum Khan (عبدالقیوم خان) (16 July 1901 – 23 October 1981) was a major figure in Pakistan politics, in particular in the Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa province, where he was deputy speaker of the provincial assembly, Chief Minister and served as Interior Minister of Pakistan in the central government from 1972 to 1977.
Khanzada Mirza Khan Abdul Rahim Khan-e-Khana (17 December 1556 – 1627) (Urdu), also known as Rahim was a poet who lived during the rule of Mughal emperor Akbar.
General Abdul Rahim Wardak (Pashto/عبدالرحیم وردگ; born 1945), an ethnic Pashtun, was the Defense Minister of Afghanistan.
Abdul Rahman (Persian: عبدالرحمن; born 1965) is an Afghan citizen who was arrested in February 2006 and threatened with the death penalty for converting to Christianity.
Abdul Rahman Al Ghafiqi (died 732; عبد الرحمن الغافقي), also known as Abd er Rahman, Abdderrahman, Abderame, and Abd el-Rahman, unsuccessfully led the Andalusian Muslims into battle against the forces of Charles Martel in the Battle of Tours on October 10, 732 AD.
Abdul Rahman Saleh (born 1 April 1941 in Pekalongan).
Abdul Razak Baginda (born 6 February 1960) is a former political analyst from Malaysia, and close associate of the Former Malaysian Prime Minister Najib Tun Razak.
Abdul Razzak Yaqoob (عبدُالرزّاق يعقُوب; 7 May 1944–21 February 2014), popularly known by his name initials ARY, was a Pakistani media mogul, industrialist, philanthropist, and the businessman who founded and was the owner of the ARY Group of Companies.
Mullah Abdul Salam Zaeef (born 1968 in Kandahar) was the Afghan ambassador to Pakistan before the US invasion of Afghanistan.
Abdul Sattar (born 1931) (عبد الستار), is a Pakistani political scientist, retired career foreign service officer, diplomat, author of foreign policy, and nuclear strategist.
Muhammad Abdul Wahab Siddiqi (1942–1994) was a Sunni Muslim religious scholar and Sufi master.
Abdul Wahid Pedersen (born Reino Arild Pedersen in 1954) is a Danish Imam.
Sheikh Abdul-Haq Muhaddith Dehlawi (شیخ عبدالحق محدث دهلوی) or Al-Muhaddith Shaykh Abdul-Haqq Dehlavi was an Islamic scholar.
Abdul-Rahman ibn Abi Bakr (died 666The Succession to Muhammad: A Study of the Early Caliphate By Wilferd Madelung. Page 340.Encyclopaedic ethnography of Middle-East and Central Asia: A-I, Volume 1 edited by R. Khanam. Page 543) was the eldest son of Abu Bakr, the first caliph in Sunni Islam.
Abdulaziz Muhammad Saleh bin Attash (Arabic), (born in 1975 in Saudi Arabia, and identified as a Yemeni - died in 2011), became briefly wanted in 2002, by the United States Department of Justice's FBI, which was then seeking information about his identity and whereabouts.
Abdulaziz Sachedina is Professor and International Institute of Islamic Thought (IIIT) Chair in Islamic Studies at George Mason University in Fairfax, Virginia.
Abdullah or Abdallah is the primary transliteration of the Arabic given name, عبد الله, built from the Arabic words Abd and Allah (Allah itself composed of Al- and Ilah).
Abdullah Abbas Nadwi (d. January 1, 2006) was an Islamic scholar.
Abdullah Abdul Latif Al Othman (عبدالله عبد اللطيف العثمان) (1895 – 1965) was a Kuwaiti businessman who was amongst the first to live in Hawalli.
Abdullah ibn Muhammad ibn Yusuf Al-Harariyy (عبد الله بن محمَّد بن يوسف بن عبد الله بن جامع الشَّيبي العبدري الهرري) (1906 – September 2, 2008) was a Harari muhaddith and scholar of Islamic jurisprudence.
Abu Muḥammad ʿAlī / ʿAbd Allāh al-Mahdi Billah (873 – 4 March 934) (أبو محمد عبد الله المهدي بالله), was the founder of the Ismaili Fatimid Caliphate, the only major Shi'a caliphate in Islam, and established Fatimid rule throughout much of North Africa, Hejaz, Palestine and the Levant.
Abdullah al-Sallal (January 9, 1917 – March 5, 1994) (عبد الله السلال) was the leader of the North Yemeni Revolution of 1962.
Abdullah el-Faisal (born Trevor William Forrest, also known as Abdullah al-Faisal, Sheikh Faisal, Sheik Faisal, and Imam Al-Jamaikee, born 10 September 1963) is a Muslim cleric who preached in the United Kingdom until he was convicted of stirring up racial hatred and urging his followers to murder Jews, Hindus, Christians, and Americans.
‘Abdullah ibn Abi Bakr (c.610–633) was a son of Abu Bakr the first Caliph, a brother of Aisha and a companion of the Islamic prophet Muhammad.
Abdullah ibn Abu Aufa (عبدالله بن أبو عوفة) was one of the companions of Muhammad and narrator of hadith.
Imam Sayyid Abd Allah ibn Alawi al-Haddad (Imam `Abd Allah ibn `Alawi al-Hadda'd) born in 1634 CE (1044 Hijri).
Abdullah ibn Hudhafah as-Sahmi was a companion of the Islamic prophet Muhammad.
ʿAbdallāh ibn Masʿūd (عبدالله بن مسعود; c.594-c.653) was a companion of the Islamic prophet, Muhammad.
Abdullah ibn Salam (عبدالله بن سلام God's servant, the Son of Peace), born Al-Husayn ibn Salam, was a companion of the Islamic prophet Muhammad, and was a rabbi before converting to Islam.
Abdullah Ibrahim (born Adolph Johannes Brand on 9 October 1934 and formerly known as Dollar Brand) is a South African pianist and composer.
Abdullah II bin Al-Hussein (عبد الله الثاني بن الحسين., ʿAbdullāh ath-thānī ibn Al-Ḥusayn, born 30 January 1962) has been King of Jordan since 1999.
Abdullah Ahmed Khadr (in Arabic عبدالله أحمد خضر) (born April 30, 1981) is a Canadian citizen who is the oldest son of the late Ahmed Khadr, alleged to be a terrorist and al-Qaeda member.
William Henry Quilliam (10 April 1856 – 23 April 1932), who changed his name to Abdullah Quilliam and later Henri Marcel Leon or Haroun Mustapha Leon, was a 19th-century convert from Christianity to Islam, noted for founding England's first mosque and Islamic centre.
Abdullah ibn Hamoud Tariki (19 March 1919 – 7 September 1997) (Arabic: عبدالله الطريقي), also known as Red Sheikh, was a Saudi politician and government official.
Abdullah bin Tarmugi (Jawi: عبدالله بن ترموڬي; born 25 August 1944) is a former Singaporean politician.
Abdullah Yusuf Ali, CBE, MA, LL.M, FRSA, FRSL (عبداللہ یوسف علی‎; 14 April 1872 – 10 December 1953) was a British-Indian barrister and scholar who wrote a number of books about Islam and whose translation of the Qur'an into English is one of the most widely known and used in the English-speaking world.
Abdullahi Ahmed Addow (Cabdilaahi Axmed Caddoow, عبد الله أحمد أدو) is a Somali politician and diplomat.
Abdullahi Issa Mohamud (Cabdullaahi Ciise Maxamuud, عبد الله عيسى محمد (November 11, 1922 – March 11, 1988) was a Somali politician. He was the 1st Prime Minister of Somalia during the trusteeship period, serving from February 29, 1956, to July 1, 1960.
Abdullahi Sheikh Ismail (Cabdullaahi Sheekh Ismaaciil, عبد الله الشيخ إسماعيل) is a Somali politician.
Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed (Cabdullaahi Yuusuf Axmed, عبدالله يوسف أحمد‎; 15 December 1934 – 23 March 2012) was a Somali politician and former Colonel in the Somali National Army.
Abdulmejid II (عبد المجید الثانی, Abd al-Madjeed al-Thâni – Halife İkinci Abdülmecit Efendi, 29 May 1868 – 23 August 1944) was the last Caliph of Islam, nominally the 37th Head of the Ottoman Imperial House from 1922 to 1924.
Seid Abdulvehab Ilhamija (1773 – 1821) was an 18th-century Bosnian dervish and prose writer.
Abdur Rahman Khan (عبد رحمان خان) (between 1840 and 1844October 1, 1901) was Emir of Afghanistan from 1880 to 1901.
Abdurrahman Yalçınkaya (born 10 March 1950 in Şanlıurfa, Turkey) is a high-ranked Turkish judge and the former Chief Public Prosecutor (between 2007–2011) of the Supreme Court of Appeals of Turkey.
Abeid Amani Karume (4 August 1905 – 7 April 1972) was the first President of Zanzibar.
Abel Luís da Silva Costa Xavier (born 30 November 1972) is a Portuguese former professional footballer who played as a full back.
Abgaal (Somali: Abgaal, Arabic: أبغال) is a noble Somali clan, and part of the minor clan.
The Abidin Mosque (Malay: Masjid Abidin) is Terengganu's old state royal mosque built by Sultan Zainal Abidin II between 1793 and 1808.
Wali-ullah Abul-Mansur Khan better known as Ablai Khan (Абылай (Әбілмансұр) хан, Abylaı (Ábilmansur) han) (1711 — May 23, 1781) was a Kazakh khan of the Middle jüz of Kazakhstan.
Seyyed Abolhassan Banisadr (Seyyed Abolhasan Banisadr; born 22 March 1933) is an Iranian politician and economist.
Abolqāsem Lahūtī (1887 – 16 March 1957) (Russian: Абулькасим Ахмедзаде Лахути, ابوالقاسم لاهوتی, Tajiki: Абулқосим Лоҳутӣ), also transliterated as Abulqasim Lahuti and Abulqosim Lohuti, was an Iranian-Soviet poet and political activist who was active in Iran during the Persian Constitutional Revolution and in Tajikistan in the early Soviet era.
The Abortion Opponents' List (Abortmotstandernes Liste) is a Norwegian political party led by priests Ludvig Nessa and Børre Knudsen, that was present in seven counties in the 2005 elections.
Aboud Jumbe Mwinyi (14 June 1920 – 14 August 2016) was a Zanzibari politician.
Abraham (Arabic: إبراهيم Ibrahim), originally Abram, is the common patriarch of the three Abrahamic religions.
This is a list of people named after Abraham, the Biblical patriarch (Ashkenazi Avrohom or Avruhom); the father of the Abrahamic Religions, Judaism, Christianity and Islam: As recounted in the Torah, his name was originally Avram which means "High Father" - "av" (אב) "father", "ram" (רם) "high" - with the "ha" (ה) added in mark of his covenant with God.
(1070 Barcelona, Catalonia – 1136 or 1145 Narbonne, France) was a Jewish mathematician, astronomer and philosopher, also known as Savasorda (from the Arabic صاحب الشرطة Ṣāḥib al-Shurṭa "Chief of the Police") or Abraham Judaeus.
Abraham Cohen de Herrera (רבי אברהם כהן בן דוד דה-הירירה), also known as Alonso Nunez de Herrera or Abraham Irira (c. 1570 – c. 1635), was a religious philosopher and cabbalist.
Abraham Miguel Cardozo (also Cardoso; c. 1626–1706) was a Sabbatean prophet and physician born in Rio Seco, Spain.
Abraham Yachini (Heb: אברהם יכיני; also transliterated as Abraham Yakhini, or Abraham ha-Yakini; 1611-1682) was one of the chief agitators in the Sabbatean movement, the son of Pethahiah of Constantinople.
The Abraj Al-Bait (Translated as "The Towers of the House") is a government-owned megatall complex of seven skyscraper hotels in Mecca, Saudi Arabia.
Abu 'Afak (أبو عفك, died c. 624) was a Jewish poet who lived in the Hijaz region (today Saudi Arabia).
Abu Abdallah Mohammed II, Al-Mutawakkil, often simply Abdallah Mohammed (died 4 August 1578) was Sultan of Morocco from 1574 to 1576.
Omar Yusef Juma'a (عمر يوسف جمعة), known as Abu Anas al-Shami (أبو أنس الشامي), was a senior leader in the Jama'at al-Tawhid wal Jihad militant group during the Iraq War.
Sultan Abu Bakar Ibni Al-Marhum Tun Temenggung Raja Daing Ibrahim (Jawi: المرحوم سلطان سير ابو بكر ابن المرحوم تماڠڬوڠ دايڠ إبراهيم سري مهاراج جوهر; b.3 February 1833 – d.4 June 1895), also known as Albert Baker, the Temenggong of Johor.He was the 1st Sultan of Modern Johor, the 21st Sultan of Johor and the first Maharaja of Johor from the House of Temenggong.
Abū Bakr aṣ-Ṣiddīq ‘Abdallāh bin Abī Quḥāfah (أبو بكر الصديق عبد الله بن أبي قحافة; 573 CE23 August 634 CE), popularly known as Abu Bakr (أبو بكر), was a senior companion (Sahabi) and—through his daughter Aisha—the father-in-law of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. Abu Bakr became the first openly declared Muslim outside Muhammad's family.Muhammad Mustafa Al-A'zami (2003), The History of The Qur'anic Text: From Revelation to Compilation: A Comparative Study with the Old and New Testaments, p.26, 59. UK Islamic Academy.. Abu Bakr served as a trusted advisor to Muhammad. During Muhammad's lifetime, he was involved in several campaigns and treaties.Tabqat ibn al-Saad book of Maghazi, page no:62 He ruled over the Rashidun Caliphate from 632 to 634 CE when he became the first Muslim Caliph following Muhammad's death. As caliph, Abu Bakr succeeded to the political and administrative functions previously exercised by Muhammad. He was commonly known as The Truthful (الصديق). Abu Bakr's reign lasted for 2 years, 2 months, 2 weeks and 1 day ending with his death after an illness.
Sheikh Abu Bakr Effendi (1814–1880) was an Osmanli qadi who was sent in 1862 by the Ottoman sultan Abdülmecid I at the request of the British Queen Victoria to the Cape of Good Hope, in order to teach and assist the Muslim community of the Cape Malays.
Abu Bakr ibn Muhammad (أبو بكر بن محمد) (reigned 1525–1526) was a Somali Sultan of the Sultanate of Adal.
Abu Bakr ibn Umar ibn Ibrahim ibn Turgut, sometimes suffixed al-Sanhaji or al-Lamtuni (died 1087; أبو بكر بن عمر) was a chieftain of the Lamtuna Berber Tribe and commander of the Almoravids from 1056 until his death.
Abu Darda was one of the companions of the Islamic prophet Muhammad.
Abū Dharr al-Ghifari al-Kinani (أبو ذر الغفاري الكناني.), also Jundab ibn Junādah (جُنْدَب ابْنِ جُنَادَة), was the fourth or fifth person converting to Islam, and a Muhajirun.
Abu Hafsa Yazid (translit) was a mawla, or servant, of the Umayyad Caliph Marwan ibn al-Hakkam (r. 684–685).
Abū Ḥanīfa al-Nuʿmān b. Thābit b. Zūṭā b. Marzubān (أبو حنيفة نعمان بن ثابت بن زوطا بن مرزبان; c. 699 – 767 CE), known as Abū Ḥanīfa for short, or reverently as Imam Abū Ḥanīfa by Sunni Muslims, was an 8th-century Sunni Muslim theologian and jurist of Persian origin,Pakatchi, Ahmad and Umar, Suheyl, “Abū Ḥanīfa”, in: Encyclopaedia Islamica, Editors-in-Chief: Wilferd Madelung and, Farhad Daftary.
The Abu Hanifa Mosque (مسجد أبو حنيفة) or (مسجد أبي حنيفة) also known as (جامع الإمام الأعظم) is one of the most prominent Sunni mosques in Baghdad, Iraq.
Abu Izzadeen (ابو عز الدين, Abū ‘Izz ad-Dīn, born Trevor Richard Brooks, (born 18 April 1975), is a British spokesman for Al Ghurabaa, a British Muslim organisation banned under the Terrorism Act 2006 for the glorification of terrorism. He was convicted on charges of terrorist fund-raising and inciting terrorism overseas on 17 April 2008, and sentenced to four and a half years in jail. He was released in May 2009, after serving three and a half years, including time on remand. In January 2016, he was sentenced to 2 years imprisonment for breaching the Terrorism Act by leaving the UK illegally.
Abu Marwan Abd al-Malik I (أبو مروان عبد الملك الغازي), often simply Abd al-Malik or Mulay Abdelmalek (died 4 August 1578), was the Saadi Sultan of Morocco from 1576 until his death right after the Battle of Ksar El Kebir against Portugal in 1578.
Hamid Dawud Mohamed Khalil al-Zawi (حميد داود محمد خليل الزاوي, died 18 April 2010) — known as Abu Hamza al-Baghdadi, and Abu Omar al-Qurashi al-Baghdadi, Wimmera News.
Abu Saʿīd Abdul-Hay ibn Dhaḥḥāk ibn Maḥmūd Gardēzī, Gardīzī or Gurdēzī (died c. 1061 CE) (ابوسعید عبدالحی بن ضحاک بن محمود گردیزی) was a Persian Muslim geographer and historian of the early 11th century from Gardēz in modern Afghanistan.
Abu Salem A-139 Abu Salem (born Abu Salem Abdul Qayoom Ansari; He is from Uttar Pradesh also known as Aqil Ahmed Azmi, 'and Abu Samaan, a gangster and terrorist convicted to the 25 years life sentence,, DNA News, 7 Sept 2017. is originally from Azamgarh district in Uttar Pradesh state of India. Abu Salem worked in the D-Company (Dawood Ibrahim gang) as a driver transporting weapons and contraband. Later he rose among the ranks after he introduced a new strategy of hiring unemployed Muslim youths from his hometown Azamgarh to come to Mumbai, execute shoot-outs and return to Azamgarh the next day remaining untraced by the Mumbai police. Salem is infamous for terrorizing the Bollywood film industry by extorting money from film producers and usurping the overseas distribution rights. He basically from Jhajhar Haryana 125044, After few years he started lived in Azamgarh. It is believed that Salem was the mastermind behind threatening Bollywood film producers like Gulshan Kumar, Subhash Ghai, Rajiv Rai and Rakesh Roshan. While his gang members assassinated Gulshan Kumar in 1997, they also tried to assassinate Rajiv Rai and Rakesh Roshan but failed. After the assassination of music baron and film producer he was also involved in several murder, extortion and other cases. He was later arrested in 2002 in Portugal and extradited to India. He was arrested on charges of Fake passport and later Amber Sharma of Mowgli Productions exposes all his fake passport details in his series Life of Mafia. He was tried and convicted in some cases and was awarded life imprisonment in 2015.
Abu Tawr was wali of Washka.
Abu Tha'alba (أبو ثعلبة) was one of the companions of Muhammad and narrator of hadith, quoted in Sahih Bukhari, the most prominent source of Hadith among Sunni Muslims.
Abu Ubaidah ibn al-Jarrah, fully Abū ‘Ubaydah ‘Āmir ibn ‘Abdillāh ibn al-Jarāḥ (أبو عبيدة عامر بن عبدالله بن الجراح; 583–639 CE), was one of companions of the Islamic prophet Muhammad.
Abu Usamah at-Thahabi is an Imam at Green Lane Masjid in Birmingham, England.
Yaqub ibn Ibrahim al-Ansari, better known as Abu Yusuf (أبو يوسف) (d.798) was a student of jurist Abu Hanifah (d.767) who helped spread the influence of the Hanafi school of Islamic law through his writings and the government positions he held.
Abu'l-Barakāt Hibat Allah ibn Malkā al-Baghdādī (أبو البركات هبة الله بن ملكا البغدادي; c. 1080 – 1164 or 1165 CE) was an Islamic philosopher and physician of Jewish descent from Baghdad, Iraq.
Abu-Ali Urbuti (born November 3, 1918) is an Egyptian Muslim sheikh who is best known for his fiery anti-American rhetoric and his unabashed support of Khalid Islambouli, the man convicted of assassinating Egyptian president Mohamed Anwar Al-Sadat in 1981.
Alhaji Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa, KBE (December 1912 – 15 January 1966) was a Nigerian politician, and the first prime minister of an independent Nigeria.
The Abuja National Mosque, also known as the Nigerian National Mosque, is the national mosque of Nigeria, a country with a substantial Muslim population.
Maulana Sayyid Abul Kalam Ghulam Muhiyuddin Ahmed bin Khairuddin Al-Hussaini Azad (11 November 1888 – 22 February 1958) was an Indian scholar and the senior Muslim leader of the Indian National Congress during the Indian independence movement.
Abulfaz Elchibey, (Əbülfəz Elçibəy; 24 June 1938 in Nakhchivan – 22 August 2000 in Ankara) was an Azerbaijani political figure and a former Soviet dissident.
In this Indonesian name, the name "Bakrie" is a family name, and the person should be referred to by the family name "Bakrie". Aburizal Bakrie (born 15 November 1946) is a politician, and widely recognised as one of the most successful pribumi (native Indonesian) businessmen in Indonesia.
Abyssinian people (ሐበሻይት), also known as the Habesha or Abesha, are a population inhabiting the Horn of Africa.
The academic study of new religious movements is known as new religions studies' (NRS).
Acceptance in human psychology is a person's assent to the reality of a situation, recognizing a process or condition (often a negative or uncomfortable situation) without attempting to change it or protest it.
Turkey's application to accede to the European Economic Community, the predecessor of the European Union (EU), was made on 14 April 1987.
Aceh; (Acehnese: Acèh; Jawoë:; Dutch: Atjeh or Aceh) is a province of Indonesia.
The Sultanate of Aceh, officially the Kingdom of Aceh Darussalam (Keurajeuën Acèh Darussalam; Jawoë: كاورجاون اچيه دارالسلام), was a Sultanate centered in the modern-day Indonesian province of Aceh.
Acharya Chatursen Shastri (आचार्य चतुरसेन शास्त्री) (26 August 1891 – 2 February 1960) was an eminent writer of Hindi, and he wrote many historical fictions, including Vaishali ki Nagarvadhu adapted into a feature film (1948), Vayam Rakshamah (1951), Somnath (1954) and Dharamputra, which was adapted into (feature film| Dharmputra) (1961).
Aclens is a municipality in the Swiss canton of Vaud, located in the district of Morges.
Acocks Green is an area and ward of south Birmingham, England.
Action Police CFTC is a very small police union in France, affiliated with the Confédération Française des Travailleurs Chrétiens (CFTC) Christian trade union confederation.
AD 32 (XXXII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Sūrat aḍ-Ḍuḥā (الضحى, “The Morning Hours”, “Morning Bright”) is the ninety-third sura of the Qur'an with 11 ayat.
The Adal Sultanate, or Kingdom of Adal (alt. spelling Adel Sultanate), was a Muslim Sultanate located in the Horn of Africa. It was founded by Sabr ad-Din II after the fall of the Sultanate of Ifat. The kingdom flourished from around 1415 to 1577. The sultanate and state were established by the local inhabitants of Harar. At its height, the polity controlled most of the territory in the Horn region immediately east of the Ethiopian Empire (Abyssinia). The Adal Empire maintained a robust commercial and political relationship with the Ottoman Empire.
Adam (ʾĀdam; Adám) is the name used in the opening chapters of the Book of Genesis for the first man created by God, but it is also used in a collective sense as "mankind" and individually as "a human".
Âdam or Aadam (ʾĀdam) is believed to have been the first human being and Nabi (نَـبِي, Prophet) on Earth, in Islam.
Prince Adam Jerzy Czartoryski (Аdomas Jurgis Čartoriskis, also known as Adam George Czartoryski in English; 14 January 177015 July 1861) was a Polish nobleman, statesman and author.
Adam Yahiye Gadahn (آدم يحيى غدن, Ādam Yaḥyā Ghadan; born Adam Pearlman; September 1, 1978 – January 19, 2015) was an American senior operative, cultural interpreter, spokesman and media advisor for the Islamist group al-Qaeda.
The Adamawa Plateau (Massif de l'Adamaoua) is a plateau region in central Africa stretching from south-eastern Nigeria through north-central Cameroon (Adamawa and North Provinces) to the Central African Republic.
The Adamawa Region (Région de l'Adamaoua) is a constituent region of the Republic of Cameroon.
Muhammad Adamu Aliero (born 1 January 1957) was governor of Kebbi State in Nigeria from 29 May 1999 to 29 May 2007.
Hájí Mírzá Ḥasan-i-Adíbu'l-`Ulamá (حج مرزا حسن أديب العلماء‎; 1848–1919), known as Mírzá Ḥasan or Adíb, was an eminent follower of Bahá'u'lláh, the founder of the Bahá'í Faith He was appointed a Hand of the Cause and identified as one of the nineteen Apostles of Bahá'u'lláh.
Addas was a young Christian slave boy who lived in Taif, a mountainous area south of Mecca, during the times of Muhammad.
There are additional Shia doctrines besides the Theology of Twelvers and the Aspects of the Religion.
In music, the terms additive and divisive are used to distinguish two types of both rhythm and meter.
Addu City (local administrative code Seenu) is a city in Maldives that consists of the inhabited islands of the southernmost atoll of the archipelago.
Adelboden is a mountain village and a municipality in Switzerland, located in the Frutigen-Niedersimmental administrative district in the Bernese Highlands.
Adem Yze (born 21 September 1977)MelbourneFC.com.au, Official AFL Website of the Melbourne Football Club, 12 August 2008.
Aden Abdulle Osman Daar (Aadan Cabdulle Cismaan Daar, آدم عبد الله عثمان دار.) (December 9, 1908 – June 8, 2007), popularly known as Aden Adde, was a Somali politician.
The Aden Protectorate (محمية عدن) was a British protectorate in southern Arabia which evolved in the hinterland of the port of Aden and in the Hadramaut following the conquest of Aden by Great Britain in 1839, and it continued until the 1960s.
Al-Adhamiyah (الأعظمية, al-aʿẓamiyyah; BGN: Al A‘z̧amīyah), also Azamiya, is a neighborhood and east-central district of the city of Baghdad, Iraq.
The adhan, athan, or azaan (أَذَان) (also called in Turkish: Ezan) is the Islamic call to worship, recited by the muezzin at prescribed times of the day.
Adi Dravida (or Adi Dravidar) is term used by the state of Tamil Nadu in India to denote Dalits since 1914.
Adiyy ibn Hatim (عدي ابن حاتم الطائي) was a leader of the Arab tribe of Tayy, and one of the companions of Muhammad.
Adil Abdul-Mahdi al-Muntafiki (عادل عبد المهدي المنتفكي) is an Iraqi Shi'a politician, economist, and was one of the Vice Presidents of Iraq from 2005 to 2011.
Adile Sultan (23 May 1826 – 12 February 1899) was an Ottoman princess, a female Diwan poet, and a philanthropist.
The Adjarians (აჭარლები, Ačarlebi) are an ethnographic group of Georgians that mostly live in Adjara in south-western Georgia.
Adnan Badran (عدنان بدران) (born 15 December 1935) is a Jordanian scientist, academic and politician.
Adnan Gulshair el Shukrijumah (عدنان شكري جمعة, ʿAdnān Shukrī Jumaʿah) (4 August 1975 – 6 December 2014) was a citizen of Saudi Arabia and a senior member of al-Qaeda.
Adnan Khashoggi (عدنان خاشقجي; 25 July 1935 – 6 June 2017) was a Saudi Arabian billionaire international businessman, best known for his lavish business deals and lifestyle.
Adnan Menderes (1899 – 17 September 1961) or Ali Adnan Ertekin Menderes was the Turkish Prime Minister between 1950–1960.
Adnan Oktar (born 2 February 1956), also known as Harun Yahya, is a Turkish author as well as an Islamic creationist.
Adolescent sexuality is a stage of human development in which adolescents experience and explore sexual feelings.
Adolf Hitler (20 April 1889 – 30 April 1945) was a German politician, demagogue, and revolutionary, who was the leader of the Nazi Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei; NSDAP), Chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945 and Führer ("Leader") of Nazi Germany from 1934 to 1945.
Adonara is an island in the Lesser Sunda Islands of Indonesia, located east of the larger island of Flores in the Solor Archipelago.
Adultery (from Latin adulterium) is extramarital sex that is considered objectionable on social, religious, moral, or legal grounds.
Ali Ahmad Said Esber, romanised: ʿAlī Aḥmad Saʿīd 'Isbar (born 1 January 1930), also known by the pen name Adonis or Adunis (أدونيس, Adūnīs), is a Syrian poet, essayist and translator who is considered one of the most influential and dominant Arab poets of the modern era.
The Republic of Adygea (r; Адыгэ Республик, Adygæ Respublik), also known as the Adyghe Republic, is a federal subject of Russia (a republic), with its territory enclaved within Krasnodar Krai.
Aedermannsdorf is a municipality in the district of Thal in the canton of Solothurn in Switzerland.
Aefligen is a municipality in the Emmental administrative district in the canton of Bern in Switzerland.
Aegerten is a municipality in the Biel/Bienne administrative district of the canton of Bern in Switzerland.
Aelia Capitolina (Latin in full) was a Roman colony, built under the emperor Hadrian on the site of Jerusalem, which was in ruins following the siege of 70 AD, leading in part to the Bar Kokhba revolt of 132–136 AD.
Aesch (sometimes written as Aesch BL in order to distinguish it from other "Aeschs"; Swiss German: Ääsch) is a village (though it is statistically a town) and a municipality in the canton of Basel-Landschaft, Switzerland.
Aeschi is a municipality in the district of Wasseramt in the canton of Solothurn in Switzerland.
Aeschi bei Spiez is a municipality in the Frutigen-Niedersimmental administrative district in the canton of Bern in Switzerland.
Afanasy Nikitin (Афана́сий Ники́тин; died 1472) was a Russian merchant of Tver and one of the first Europeans (after Niccolò de' Conti) to travel to and document his visit to India.
The Afar (Qafár), also known as the Danakil, Adali and Odali, are an ethnic group inhabiting the Horn of Africa.
Affeltrangen is a municipality in the district of Münchwilen in the canton of Thurgau in Switzerland.
The Afghan Armed Forces are the military forces of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan.
This article covers the Afghan history from the Soviet withdrawal from Afghanistan on 15 February 1989 until 27 April 1992, the day after the proclamation of the Peshawar Accords proclaiming a new interim Afghan government which was supposed to start serving on 28 April 1992.
This article covers the Afghan history between 28 April 1992, the day that a new interim Afghan government was supposed to replace the Republic of Afghanistan of President Mohammad Najibullah, and the Taliban's conquest of Kabul establishing the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan on 27 September 1996.
This article covers the Afghan history between the Taliban's conquest of Kabul and their establishing of the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan on 27 September 1996, and the U.S. and U.K. invasion of Afghanistan on 7 October 2001: a period that was part of the Afghan civil war that had started in 1989, and also part of the war (in wider sense) in Afghanistan that had started in 1978.
Afghanistan (Pashto/Dari:, Pashto: Afġānistān, Dari: Afġānestān), officially the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, is a landlocked country located within South Asia and Central Asia.
Africa is the world's second largest and second most-populous continent (behind Asia in both categories).
African Americans (also referred to as Black Americans or Afro-Americans) are an ethnic group of Americans with total or partial ancestry from any of the black racial groups of Africa.
African art describes the modern and historical paintings, sculptures, installations, and other visual culture from native or indigenous Africans and the African continent.
The African diaspora consists of the worldwide collection of communities descended from Africa's peoples, predominantly in the Americas.
African immigration to the United States refers to immigrants to the United States who are or were nationals of modern African countries.
African-American culture, also known as Black-American culture, refers to the contributions of African Americans to the culture of the United States, either as part of or distinct from mainstream American culture.
Africanization or Africanisation (lit., making something African) has been applied in various contexts, notably in geographic and personal naming and in the composition of the civil service e.g. via processes such as indigenization.
The Afrīdī (اپريدی Aprīdai, plur. اپريدي Aprīdī; آفریدی) is a Pashtun tribe present in Pakistan, with substantial numbers in Afghanistan.
Afrikaans is a West Germanic language spoken in South Africa, Namibia and, to a lesser extent, Botswana and Zimbabwe.
Afro Turks are people of Zanj (Bantu) descent in Turkey.
Afro-Arabs are individuals and groups from Africa who are of partial Arab descent.
Afro-Brazilians (afro-brasileiros) are Brazilian people who have African ancestry.
Afro-Caribbean, a term not used by West Indians themselves but first coined by Americans in the late 1960s, describes Caribbean people who trace at least some of their ancestry to West Africa in the period since Christopher Columbus' arrival in the region in 1492.
Afro-Germans (Afrodeutsche), Black Germans (schwarze Deutsche) or during the German Empire Imperial Negroes (Reichsneger) are an ethnic group, namely people who are citizens and/or residents of Germany and who are of Black African descent.
Afro-Trinidadians and Tobagonians (or just Afro-Trinbagonians) are people from Trinidad and Tobago who are largely of West African and Sub-Saharan descent.
Afrocentrism (also Afrocentricity) is an approach to the study of world history that focuses on the history of people of recent African descent.
Lemar-Aftaab is an Afghan independent weekly magazine that focuses on the culture and politics of Afghanistan.
The Aftasid dynasty (from the Arabic بنو الأفطس Banu-l'Aftas or Banu al-Aftas) was a Berber Miknasa dynasty centered in Badajoz (1022–1094) in Al Andalus (Moorish Iberia).
Afterlife (also referred to as life after death or the hereafter) is the belief that an essential part of an individual's identity or the stream of consciousness continues to manifest after the death of the physical body.
Afzal ad-Dawlah, Asaf Jah V Mir Tahniyath Ali Khan Siddiqi Bayafandi (11 October 1827 – 26 February 1869) was the ruling Nizam of Hyderabad, India, from 1857 to 1869.
Mohammad Afzal Guru (30 June 1969 – 9 February 2013) was a Kashmiri separatist, who was convicted for his role in the 2001 Indian Parliament attack.
Mohammed Afzal Khan, (محمد افضل خان; born 5 April 1958) is a British Labour Party politician who serves as a Member of Parliament for the Manchester Gorton constituency, after his election on 8 June 2017.
Afzal Khan (died 10 November 1659) was a medieval Indian commander who served the Adil Shahi dynasty of Bijapur, and fought against Shivaji.
Aga Khan I (آغا خان اوّل|Āghā Khān-i Awwal or آقا خان اوّل|Āqā Khān-i Awwal|), was the title accorded to Hasan Ali Shah (حسن علی شاه|Ḥasan ‘Alī Shāh|) (1804 – 1881), the governor of Kirman, 46th Imam of the Nizari Ismaili Muslims, and prominent Muslim leader in Iran and later in the Indian subcontinent.
Aga Khan II (آقا خان دوّم; Āghā Khān-i Duvvum or, less commonly but more correctly آقا خان دوّم Āqā Khān-i Duvvum), was the title of Aqa Ali Shah (آقا علی شاه Āqā ‘Alī Shāh; b. 1830 in Mahallat, Iran; d. August 1885 in Pune, India), the 47th Imam of the Nizari Ismaili Muslims.
Sir Sultan Muhammed Shah, Aga Khan III (2 November 187711 July 1957) was the 48th Imam of the Nizari Ismaili religion.
Ayatullah Aga Syed Yousuf Al-Moosavi Al- safvi (1904 – 29 August 1982) (آغا سید یوسف الموسوی الصفوی)was a Kashmiri religious scholar and leader of Shia Muslims.
Agarn (Walliser German: Agaru) is a municipality in the district of Leukin the German-speaking part of the canton of Valais in Switzerland.
Agartala 'আগরতলা (Bengali)' is the capital of the Indian state of Tripura as well as the second largest city in North-east India after Guwahati, both in municipal area and population.
The Agaw (አገው Agäw, modern Agew) are an ethnic group inhabiting Ethiopia and neighboring Eritrea.
The age of majority is the threshold of adulthood as recognized or declared in law.
Agent of Byzantium is a collection of short stories by Harry Turtledove, centred on the exploits of Basil Argyros, a Byzantine secret agent.
Agnes of Courtenay (c. 1136 – c. 1184) was the daughter of Joscelin II of Courtenay by his wife Beatrice (widow of William, Lord of Saône), and the mother of king Baldwin IV of Jerusalem and queen Sibylla of Jerusalem.
Agnosticism is the view that the existence of God, of the divine or the supernatural is unknown or unknowable.
Agra is a city on the banks of the river Yamuna in the northern state of Uttar Pradesh, India.
Agra district is one of the 75 districts of Uttar Pradesh state of India, and the historical city of Agra is the district headquarters.
The history of Agriculture in India dates back to Indus Valley Civilization Era and even before that in some parts of Southern India.
Agum Gumelar (born in Tasikmalaya, West Java, December 17, 1945) is an Indonesian military, politician and sportsman.
Agung Laksono (born March 23, 1949) is an Indonesian politician and former Coordinating Minister for People's Welfare in the Second United Indonesia Cabinet and a member of the Golkar Party.
Agusan del Norte (Butuanon: Probinsya hong Agusan del Norte; Amihanang Agusan) is a province in the Philippines located in the Caraga region of Mindanao.
Agusan del Sur (Butuanon: Probinsya hong Agusan del Sur; Habagatang Agusan) is a landlocked province of the Philippines located in the Caraga region in Mindanao.
Ahi Evran (1169–1261), real name Sheykh Nasreddin Abul Hakayik Mahmud bin Ahmed al-Hoyi but popularly known as Pir Ahi Evran-ı Veli, was a Turkish Bektashi preacher who came to Trabzon during the Empire of Trebizond and extended Islam in the region.
Ahir or Aheer is an ethnic group, some members of which identify as being of the Indian Yadav community because they consider the two terms to be synonymous.
In Islamic theology, the term Ahl al-Fatrah (أهل الفترة) refers to everyone whom the da‘wah (message of Islam) has not reached in an uncorrupted manner: the people who live in ignorance of the teachings of Islam, either in geographical isolation, or in times predating their upcoming prophet.
Ahmad, Ahmed or Ahmet are the principal transliterations of an Arabic given name, أحمد.
Ahmad Adaya (احمد ادایا) (1927–2006) was an American Muslim real estate tycoon and philanthropist who was the founding partner of a California real estate company IDS Real Estate Group.
Ahmad al-Akhader Nasser Albidani (Arabic), (born in 1977 in Yemen), became briefly wanted in 2002, by the United States Department of Justice's FBI, which was then seeking information about his identity and whereabouts.
Ahmad al-Alawi (1869–14 July 1934), (in full, Abū al-ʿAbbās Aḥmad ibn Muṣṭafā ibn ʿAlīwa, known as al-ʿAlāwī al-Mustaghānimī أبو العباس أحمد بن مصطفى بن عليوة المعروف بالعلاوي المستغانمي), was an Algerian Sufi Sheikh who founded his own Sufi order, called the Alawiyya.
Ahmad al-Bakkai al-Kunti (1803 in the Azawad region north of Timbuktu – 1865 in Timbuktu) was a West African Islamic and political leader.
Shams al-Ma'arif al-Kubra, a manuscript copy, beginning of 17th century Ahmad ibn ‘Ali al-Buni (أحمد البوني), his complete name is Sharaf al-Din or Shihab al-Din Ahmad ibn Ali ibn Yusuf al-Buni al-Maliki al-ifriqi (born in Annaba, Algeria died 1225) was a well known Sufi and writer on the esoteric value of letters and topics relating to mathematics, sihr (sorcery) and spirituality, but very little is known about him.
Ahmad al-Mansur (أبو العباس أحمد المنصور, Ahmad Abu al-Abbas al-Mansur, also El-Mansour Eddahbi, أحمد المنصور الذهبي; and Ahmed el-Mansour; 1549 in Fes – 25 August 1603, outskirts of Fes) was Sultan of the Saadi dynasty from 1578 to his death in 1603, the sixth and most famous of all rulers of the Saadis.
Sepahbod Ahmad Amir-Ahmadi (1884–1974) was a military leader and cabinet Minister of Iran.
Ahmed Dede (born 1960) is a Islamic sheikh, and a follower of the Sufi order of Islam, who helps spread Sufism and the art of Sufi Whirling in the United Kingdom.
Ahmed Faraz (born Syed Ahmed Shah (سید احمد شاہ) on 12 January 1931 in Kohat, died 25 August 2008) was a Pakistani Urdu poet.
Ahmad ibn Ali (أحمد بن علي) (flourished mid-14th century) was the son of Jamal ad-Din I. The Emperor of Ethiopia Newaya Krestos made him Governor of Ifat after his father Ali ibn Sabr ad-Din unsuccessfully revolted against the Emperor and was put into prison.
Ibn Fadlan (أحمد بن فضلان بن العباس بن راشد بن حماد Aḥmad ibn Faḍlān ibn al-ʿAbbās ibn Rāšid ibn Ḥammād, 921–22) was a 10th-century Arab Muslim traveler, famous for his account of his travels as a member of an embassy of the Abbasid Caliph of Baghdad to the king of the Volga Bulgars, known as his Risala ("account" or "journal") His account is most notable for providing a detailed description of the Volga Vikings, including an eyewitness account of a ship burial.
Ahmad ibn Ibrahim al-Ghazi (Axmad Ibraahim al-Gaasi, Harari: አሕመድ ኢቢን ኢብራሂም አል ጋዚ, "Acmad Ibni Ibrahim Al-Gaazi" Afar, أحمد بن إبراهيم الغازي) "the Conqueror" (c. 1506 – February 21, 1543) was an Imam and General of the Adal Sultanate who fought against the Abyssinian empire and defeated several Abysinian Emperors.
Ahmad Kamal Faridi (Urdu: احمد کمال فریدی) (Inspector Faridi, later Colonel Faridi, also known as Colonel Hardstone) is a fictional spy and crime-fighter, created by Ibn-e-Safi as the lead character of the Urdu spy novel series Jasoosi Dunya (The Spy World).
Sayyid Ahmad Khatami (احمد خاتمی, born 8 May 1960) is a senior Iranian cleric, as well as a senior member of the Assembly of Experts.
Shaikh Ahmad Kutty (born 1946 in Kerala, India), is a prominent North American Islamic scholar.
Ahmad Masjed-Jamei (احمد مسجدجامعی) is an Iranian reformist politician and academic who was chairman of City Council of Tehran from 3 September 2013 until 3 September 2014.
Ahmad Matin-Daftari, also known as Mo'in al-Dowleh, (23 January 1897 – 26 June 1971) was a Prime Minister of Iran.
Ahmad Mukhtar Baban (1900 &ndash) (أحمد مختار بابان) was the last Prime Minister of Iraq under the monarchy in 1958.
Ahmad Ghavam (2 January 1873 – 23 July 1955; احمد قوام), also known as Ghavam os-Saltaneh (قوام السلطنه), was a politician who served as Prime Minister of Iran five times.
Ahmad Rashād (born Robert Earl Moore; November 19, 1949) is an American sportscaster (mostly with NBC Sports) and former professional football player.
Ahmad Shah Bahadur, Mirza Ahmad Shah, Mujahid-ud-Din Ahmad Shah Ghazi (23 December 1725 – 1 January 1775) was born to Mughal Emperor Muhammad Shah.
Ahmad Shāh Durrānī (c. 1722 – 16 October 1772) (Pashto: احمد شاه دراني), also known as Ahmad Khān Abdālī (احمد خان ابدالي), was the founder of the Durrani Empire and is regarded as the founder of the modern state of Afghanistan.
Ahmad Shah I, born Ahmad Khan, was a ruler of the Muzaffarid dynasty, who reigned over the Gujarat Sultanate from 1411 until his death in 1442.
Ahmad Shah Massoud (Dari Persian: احمد شاه مسعود; September 2, 1953September 9, 2001) was an Afghan political and military leader.
Ahmad Shamlou (احمد شاملو, Ahmad Šāmlū, also known under his pen name A. Bamdad (ا.)) (December 12, 1925 – July 23, 2000) was an Iranian poet, writer, and journalist.
Ahmad Tavakkoli (born 5 March 1951) is an Iranian conservative politician, journalist and anti-corruption activist.
Alhaji Ahmad Tejan Kabbah (February 16, 1932 – March 13, 2014) was the third President of Sierra Leone, serving from 1996 to 1997 and again from 1998 to 2007.
Ahmad Tohari (born 13 June 1948) is an Indonesian author.
Khawaja Ahmad Yasawi or Ahmed Yesevi (Qoja Axmet Yasawï, قوجا احمەت ياساۋٸ; ’Ahmad Yasawī; 1093–1166) was a Turkic poet and Sufi, an early mystic who exerted a powerful influence on the development of Sufi orders throughout the Turkic-speaking world.
Ahmad Zarruq also known as Imam az-Zarruq (Ahmad ibn Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa) (1442–1493 CE) was a Sunni, Ashari Muslim scholar and Sufi sheikh from Fes, Morocco.
Ahmad Zia Massoud (احمد ضیاء مسعود, born May 1, 1956) was the Vice President of Afghanistan in the first elected administration of President Hamid Karzai, from December 2004 to November 2009.
Ahmadou Babatoura Ahidjo (24 August 1924 – 30 November 1989) was the first President of Cameroon, holding the office from 1960 until 1982.
Alhaji Sir Ahmadu Bello KBE (June 12, 1910 – January 15, 1966) was a Nigerian politician who was the first and only premier of the Northern Nigeria region.
Ahmed Abd al-Karim al-Saadi aka Abu Mohjen is a Palestinian who became the leader of Osbat al-Ansar in 1991 after founder Sheik Hisham Shreidi was killed by Fatah rivals.
Ahmed Abdallah Mohamed Sambi (أحمد عبدالله محمد سامبي, born 5 June 1958) is a Comorian Islamic leader and politician, and former President of Comoros.
Ahmed Al-Waeli Al-Laithi Al-Kinani (1928–2003) (الدكتور الشيخ أحمد الوائلي الليثي الكناني.) was a prominent Shi'a Islamic cleric, who preached the Islamic thoughts through books and lectures.
Ahmed Asmat Abdel-Meguid (أحمد عصمت عبد المجيد‎; 22 March 1923 – 21 December 2013) was an Egyptian diplomat.
Sheikh Ahmad bin Hamad Al-Khalili (أحمد بن حمد الخليلي) (born 1942) is the Grand Mufti of the Sultanate of Oman.
Ahmed Hoosen Deedat (અહમદ હુસેન દીદત) (1 July 1918 – 8 August 2005) was a South African writer and public speaker of Indian descent.
Ahmed Fahour (أحمد فاعور; born 1966) is a Lebanese Australian businessman.
Ahmed Hassan Musa (died 1979) was a Chadian insurgent who participated to the first phase of the Chadian Civil War.
Ahmed Hulusi (born 1945 in Istanbul, Turkey) is an Islamic author from Turkey, whose works focus on philosophical and religious ideas.
Nawab Sir Ahmed Hussain, Amin Jung Bahadur, KCIE, CSI, LLD (Osmania), MA, BL (Madras) was born in Madras on 11 August 1863 in the family of a leading businessman.
Ahmed Mohamed Kathrada (21 August 1929 – 28 March 2017), sometimes known by the nickname "Kathy", was a South African politician, political prisoner and anti-apartheid activist.
Ahmed Koulamallah (11 February 1912 – 5 September 1995) was a prominent politician in Colonial Chad.
Ahmed Kousay Altaie (22 July 1965 - c. 2008) was a United States Army soldier, who was captured in October 2006 in Baghdad and later executed by his captors.
Ahmed Kuftaro or Ahmad Kaftaru (Arabic: أحمد كفتارو; December 1915 – 1 September 2004) was the Grand Mufti of Syria, the highest officially appointed Sunni Muslim representative of the Fatwa-Administration in the Syrian Ministry of Auqaf in Syria.
Ahmed Omar Saeed Sheikh (احمد عمر سعید شیخ) (sometimes known as Umar Sheikh, Sheikh Omar,Note that this term is more commonly used in reference to Sheik Omar Abdel-Rahman Sheik Syed,Syed being an incorrect transliteration of سعید or by the alias "Mustafa Muhammad Ahmad"CNN.com October 6, 2001.) (born 23 December 1973) is a British terrorist of Pakistani descent with links to various Islamist militant organisations, including Jaish-e-Mohammed, Al-Qaeda, Harkat-ul-Mujahideen and the Taliban.
Ahmed Ould Sid'Ahmed (born August 11, 1949 at AMI website.) is a Mauritanian diplomat and politician who has twice served as foreign minister, from 1998 to 2001 and from 2005 to 2007.
Ahmed Rami (أحمد رامي; born 12 December 1946) is a Moroccan-Swedish writer and Holocaust denier.
Ahmed Raza Khan (Arabic: أحمد رضا خان, Persian: احمد رضا خان, احمد رضا خان., अहमद रज़ा खान), commonly known as Ahmed Raza Khan Barelwi, Ahmed Rida Khan in Arabic, or simply as "Ala-Hazrat" (14 June 1856 CE or 10 Shawwal 1272 AH – 28 October 1921 CE or 25 Safar 1340 AH), was an Islamic scholar, jurist, theologian, ascetic, Sufi, and reformer in British India, and the founder of the Barelvi movement.
Refa'i Ahmed Taha (رفاعي أحمد طه; June 24, 1954 – April 5, 2016) or Refa'i Ahmed Taha Musa or Ahmed Refa'i Taha, alias Abu Yasser al-Masri (أبو ياسر المصري) was an Egyptian leader of a terrorist component of al-Gama'a al-Islamiyya, having succeeded "The Blind Sheikh" Omar Abdel-Rahman in that role after the latter's arrest in 1993 and imprisonment for life in 1995.
Ahmed Rushdi, SI, PP (احمد رشدی; April 24, 1934 – April 11, 1983) was a versatile Pakistani playback singer and was "an important contributor to the golden age of Pakistani film music.
Ahmed Sékou Touré (var. Ahmed Sheku Turay) (January 9, 1922 – March 26, 1984) was a Guinean political leader who was elected as the first President of Guinea, serving from 1958 until his death in 1984.
Ahmed Vefik Pasha (احمد وفیق پاشا.) (3 July 1823, Constantinople2 April 1891, Constantinople), was an Ottoman statesman, diplomat, scholar, playwright, and translator during the Tanzimat and First Constitutional periods.
Ahmed Zaki Yamani (أحمد زكي يماني; born 30 June 1930) is a Saudi Arabian politician who was Minister of Oil (Petroleum) and Mineral Resources from 1962 to 1986, and a minister in the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) for 25 years.
Ahmed Hassan Zewail (أحمد حسن زويل,; February 26, 1946 – August 2, 2016) was an Egyptian-American scientist, known as the "father of femtochemistry".
Ahmedabad, also known as Amdavad is the largest city and former capital of the Indian state of Gujarat.
Ahmet Davutoğlu (born 26 February 1959) is a Turkish academic, politician and former diplomat who was the Prime Minister of Turkey and leader of the Justice and Development Party (AKP) from August 2014 to May 2016.
Ahmet Kayhan Dede (1898, Pütürge, Malatya – August 3, 1998) was a Turkish Sufi master of the 20th century and an important figure in Islamic Mysticism.
Ahmet Necdet Sezer (born September 13, 1941) is a Turkish politician who was the tenth President of Turkey, serving from 2000 to 2007.
Al-Ahnaf Ibn Qays was a Muslim general who lived during the time of prophet Muhammad.
Aigle District is a district of the canton of Vaud, Switzerland.
Aiham Alsammarae (also spelled Ayham Al-Samarie, and Ayham Al-Sammarae; أيهم السامرائي; born 15 July 1951) is a nationalistic, Sunni, Iraqi politician who served as Minister of Electricity from August 2003 until May 2005.
Aimée du Buc de Rivéry (4 December 1768 – ?) was a French heiress who went missing at sea as a young woman.
Air France Flight 8969 was an Air France flight that was hijacked on 24 December 1994 by the Armed Islamic Group of Algeria (GIA) at Houari Boumedienne Airport, Algiers, Algeria.
Aire-la-Ville is a municipality in the canton of Geneva in Switzerland.
Aiyaz Sayed-Khaiyum, born (24 September) a Fijian politician and a Cabinet Minister, He is the Secretary of the FijiFirst party.
Sayyid Ajall Shams al-Din Omar al-Bukhari (سید اجل شمسالدین عمر) (1211–1279) was Yunnan's first provincial governor, appointed by the Mongol Yuan Dynasty.
Ajmal Khattak (اجمل خټک) (اجمل خٹک) (15 September 1925 – 7 February 2010) was a Pakistani politician, writer, Pashtun poet, Khudai Khidmatgar, former President of Awami National Party and close friend of the late Khan Wali Khan.
Ajmal Shams (born 1972 in Noorgal district of Kunar province) is an Afghan politician.
The Ajuran (Arabic: أجران) is a Somali clan.
The Ajuran Sultanate (Dawladdii Ajuuraan, الدولة الأجورانيون), also spelled Ajuuraan Sultanate, and often simply as Ajuran, was a Somali empire in the medieval times that dominated the Indian Ocean trade.
Akbar Ganji (اکبر گنجی., born 31 January 1960 in Tehran) is an Iranian journalist and writer.
Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani (Akbar Hāshemī Rafsanjānī or Hashemi Bahramani; 25 August 1934 – 8 January 2017) was an influential Iranian politician, writer and one of the founding fathers of the Islamic Republic who was the fourth President of Iran from 3 August 1989 until 3 August 1997.
Akbar II (22 April 1760 – 28 September 1837), also known as Akbar Shah II, was the penultimate Mughal emperor of India.
Akbar Tandjung (born Sibolga, North Sumatra; 14 August 1945) is an Indonesian politician who is a former chairman of Golkar Party.
Akbarsho Iskandarov (born 1 August 1951) is a Tajik politician who was twice Acting President of Tajikistan.
Akershus is a county in Norway, bordering Hedmark, Oppland, Buskerud, Oslo, and Østfold; it also has a short border with Sweden (Värmland).
Akhaura (আখাউড়া) is an upazila of Brahmanbaria District, a district under Chittagong, in Bangladesh.
Philippe Fragione, better known by his stage name Akhenaton (born 17 September 1968, Marseille), is a French rapper and producer of French hip hop.
Akhlaq (أخلاق) is an Arabic term referring to the practice of virtue, morality and manners in Islamic theology and falsafah (philosophy).
Akhmad Abdulkhamidovich Kadyrov (Ахмат Абдулхамидович Кадыров; Къадири lабдулхьамидан кlант Ахьмад-Хьажи; 23 August 1951 – 9 May 2004), also spelled Akhmat, was the Chief Mufti of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria in the 1990s during and after the First Chechen War.
Akhmed Halidovich Zakayev (Заки Хьалид кlант Ахьмад, Zaki Halid-khant Ahmad, Ахмед Халидович Закаев, Akhmed Khalidovich Zakayev; born 26 April 1959) is a former Deputy Prime Minister and Prime Minister of the unrecognised Chechen Republic of Ichkeria (ChRI).
Akhmetov is a Muslim surname.
Aki Nawaz (born Haq Nawaz Qureshi) is a British singer and musician and part of the band Fun-Da-Mental.
Akib ibn Usaid, a sahaba of Muhammad, was the first governor of Mecca.
Aklan (Akean) (Aklanon pronunciation) (Akeanon: Probinsiya it Akean; Kapuoran sang Aklan; Lalawigan ng Aklan) is a province in the Philippines located in the Western Visayas region.
Akoko are a large Yoruba cultural sub-group in the Northeastern part of Yorubaland, the area spans from Ondo state to Edo state in southwest Nigeria.
Akola is called the Cotton City; it is the largest cotton-producing district in India.
Akola is a district in the Indian state of Maharashtra.
Akram Khan (अकरम खान) (اکرم خان) (born 10 October 1970) is an Indian politician, a leader of the Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) and the current Deputy Speaker of Haryana.
Akram Khuzam (أكرم خزام) was the Al Jazeera Channel's former Moscow Bureau chief.
Al-‘Ain (اَلْـعَـيْـن,, literally The Spring) is a city in the Emirate of Abu Dhabi, the United Arab Emirates.
The Al Asalah Islamic Society (جمعية الأصالة الإسلامية) is the main Salafist political party in Bahrain, with four MPs after 2006's general election (down from seven MPs elected in 2002).
Al-Bahah Region is a region of Saudi Arabia.
The Al-Fateh Mosque (also known as Al-Fateh Islamic Center & Al Fateh Grand Mosque) (transliterated: Masjid al-Fatih) is one of the largest mosques in the world, encompassing 6,500 square meters and having the capacity to accommodate over 7,000 worshippers at a time.
Al Ghurabaa (الغرباء; English: The Strangers) is a Muslim organization which, along with The Saviour Sect, Islam4UK and others, is widely believed to be the reformed Al-Muhajiroun after it disbanded in 2004 by order of Omar Bakri Muhammad.
Al Ghuwariyah (الغويرية) is a town located in Al Khor Municipality in the state Qatar.
Alvin "Al" Goldstein (January 10, 1936 – December 19, 2013) was an American pornographer.
Al-Hudaydah (al-ḥudayda), also known in English as Hodeda, Hodeida, Hudaida or Hodeidah, is the fourth-largest city in Yemen and its principal port on the Red Sea.
Al Madina is an Arabic language newspaper published in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. The paper is one of the oldest newspapers published in the country.
Alneda (النداء) (meaning "the call" in Arabic) is a former al-Qaeda-run website, which was located at: AlNeda.com.
Al-Noor Academy (Arabic: أكاديمية النور, Academy of Light) is an Islamic middle and high school in Mansfield, Massachusetts.
In Islamic tradition, Al Rakim was the dog that guarded the legendary Seven Sleepers and that stood by them all through their long sleep.
Al Taqwa Mosque is a mosque in Taman Tun Dr Ismail, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
Al Wafa is an Islamic charity listed in Executive Order 13224 as an entity that supports terrorism.
Al-Abwā' is a village belonging to Rabigh, western coast of Saudi Arabia.
Al-Adil I (العادل, in full al-Malik al-Adil Sayf ad-Din Abu-Bakr Ahmed ibn Najm ad-Din Ayyub, الملك العادل سيف الدين أبو بكر بن أيوب,‎ "Ahmed, son of Najm ad-Din Ayyub, father of Bakr, the King, the Just, Sword of the Faith"; 1145–1218) was an Ayyubid Sultan of Egypt and Syria of Kurdish descent.
Sūrat Al-ʿĀdiyāt (سورة العاديات, "The Courser, The Chargers") is the 100th sura of the Qur'an with 11 verses (ayat).
Al-Afdal Shahanshah (al-Afḍal Shāhanshāh; Lavendalius/Elafdalio; 1066 – December 11, 1121), born Abu al-Qasim Shahanshah ibn Badr al-Jamali and surnamed al-Malik al-Afdal ("the excellent king"), was a vizier of the Fatimid caliphs of Egypt.
Al-Ahbash (الأحباش / / "The Ethiopians"), also known as the Association of Islamic Charitable Projects (AICP) (جمعية المشاريع الخيرية الإسلامية /) is a Sufi religious movement which was founded in the mid-1980s.
Al-ʿAlāʾu l-Haḍramī was a Haḍramī envoy sent by Muhammad in the 7th century CE to spread Islam to the region that extends from Kuwait to Ras al-Khaimah.
Muhammad ibn Harun al-Rashid (محمد الأمين بن هارون الرشيد) (April 787 – 24/25 September 813), better known by his regnal name of al-Amin, was the sixth Abbasid Caliph.
Aqsa, Aksa, al-Aksa or al-Aqsa primarily refers to.
Al-Aqsa Mosque (Al-Masjid al-Aqṣā,, "the Farthest Mosque"), located in the Old City of Jerusalem, is the third holiest site in Islam.
Al-Ashraf Salāh ad-Dīn Khalil ibn Qalawūn (الملك الأشرف صلاح الدين خليل بن قلاوون; c. 1260s – 14 December 1293) was the eighth Mamluk sultan between November 1290 until his assassination in December 1293.
Al ‘Askarī Shrine or the ‘Askariyya Shrine (aas) is a Shī‘ah Muslim holy site in the Iraqi city of Sāmarrā from Baghdad.
Sūrat al-‘Aṣr (سورة العصر, "The Declining Day, Eventide, The Epoch, Time") is the 103rd sūrah of the Qur’ān, the Muslim holy book.
The Al-Azhar Shia Fatwa, known in Arabic as The Shaltoot Fatwa (فتوى شلتوت), is an Islamic fatwa issued in 1959 on the topic of Shi'a–Sunni relations by Sunni scholar Shaikh Mahmood Shaltoot.
Al-Azhar University (1,, "the (honorable) Azhar University") is a university in Cairo, Egypt.
Al-Malik al-Aziz Uthman ibn Salah ad-Din Yusuf (1171 – 29 November 1198) was the second Ayyubid Sultan of Egypt of the Kurdish descent.
Al-ʻUzzā (العزى) was one of the three chief goddesses of Arabian religion in pre-Islamic times and was worshiped by the pre-Islamic Arabs along with Allāt and Manāt.
Shaykh Manṣūr Ibn Yūnus Al-bahūtī (c. 1592 – July 1641), also known as Al-bahūtī Al-miṣrī but better known as al-Bahūtī, was an Egyptian Islamic theologian.
, or simply Al-Bakri (أبو عبيد عبدالله بن عبد العزيز البكري) (c. 1014–1094) was an Andalusian Arab historian and the greatest geographer of the Muslim West.
The Cow or Sūrah al-Baqarah (سورة البقرة, "The Cow") is the second and longest chapter (Surah) of the Qur'an.
Verse (ayah) 256 of Al-Baqara is a well-known verse in the Islamic scripture, the Qur'an.
Abū Rayḥān Muḥammad ibn Aḥmad Al-Bīrūnī (Chorasmian/ابوریحان بیرونی Abū Rayḥān Bērōnī; New Persian: Abū Rayḥān Bīrūnī) (973–1050), known as Al-Biruni (البيروني) in English, was an IranianD.J. Boilot, "Al-Biruni (Beruni), Abu'l Rayhan Muhammad b. Ahmad", in Encyclopaedia of Islam (Leiden), New Ed., vol.1:1236–1238.
Qasīdat al-Burda (قصيدة البردة, "Poem of the Mantle"), or al-Burda for short, is an ode of praise for the Islamic prophet Muhammad composed by the eminent Sufi mystic Imam al-Busiri of Egypt.
Abu l-Abbas al-Fadl ibn Sahl ibn Zadhanfarukh al-Sarakhsi (أبو العباس الفضل بن سهل بن زادانفروخ السرخسي; Abu ’l-ʿAbbās al-Faḍl b. Sahl b. Zādānfarrūḫ as-Saraḫsī, died 818), titled Dhu 'l-Ri'āsatayn ("the man of the two commands"), was a famous Persian vizier of the Abbasid era in Khurasan, who served under Caliph al-Ma'mun (r. 813–832).
Al-Farabi (known in the West as Alpharabius; c. 872 – between 14 December, 950 and 12 January, 951) was a renowned philosopher and jurist who wrote in the fields of political philosophy, metaphysics, ethics and logic.
Sūrat al-Fīl (سورة الفيل, "Chapter of the Elephant") is the 105th chapter (surah) of the Quran.
Al-Ghaib is an Arabic expression used to convey that something is concealed in some way.
Al-Ghazaly High School in Wayne, in Passaic County, New Jersey, is one of the oldest Islamic high schools in the United States.
Abu Muhammad Musa ibn Mahdi al-Hadi (أبو محمد موسى بن المهدي الهادي) (born: 147 AH (764 AD); died: 170 AH (786 AD)) was the fourth Abbasid caliph who succeeded his father Al-Mahdi and ruled from 169 AH (785 AD) until his death in 170 AH (786 AD).
Abū Muhammad al-Ḥajjāj ibn Yūsuf ibn al-Ḥakam ibn ʿAqīl al-Thaqafī (أبو محمد الحجاج بن يوسف بن الحكم بن عقيل الثقفي; Ta'if 661 – Wasit, 714), known simply as al-Hajjaj ibn Yusuf (الحجاج بن يوسف / ALA: (or otherwise transliterated), was perhaps the most notable governor who served the Umayyad Caliphate. An extremely capable though ruthless statesman, a strict in character, but also a harsh and demanding master, he was widely feared by his contemporaries and became a deeply controversial figure and an object of deep-seated enmity among later, pro-Abbasid writers, who ascribed to him persecutions and mass executions.
Al-Hakam Ibn Hisham Ibn Abd-ar-Rahman I (الحكم بن هشام) was Umayyad Emir of Cordoba from 796 until 822 in the Al-Andalus (Moorish Iberia).
Al-Hakim I Abu al-'Abbas Ahmad ibn Abi 'Ali al-Hasan held the position of the Abbasid Caliph of Cairo, Mamluk Egypt for the Mamluk Sultans between 1262 and 1302.
Al-Hakim II (died 1352) was the Abbasid Caliph in Cairo (1341–1352).
The Mosque of al-Hakim (Masjid al-Ḥākim bi Amr Allāh), nicknamed al-Anwar (lit), is a major Islamic religious site in Cairo, Egypt.
Haqq (حقّ ḥaqq) is the Arabic word for truth.
Al-Ḥārith ibn Jabalah (الحارث بن جبلة; Arethas (Ἀρέθας) in Greek sources;. Khālid ibn Jabalah (خالد بن جبلة) in later Islamic sources),.
Al Hassan Addakhil (Arabic: الحسن الداخل, for "the one who entered") was, for some people, a direct ancestor to Sharif ibn Ali the founder of the Alaouite Dynasty, which is the current Moroccan royal family.
Al-Hirah (الحيرة al-Ḥīrah, ܚܝܪܬܐ Ḥīrtā) was an ancient city in Mesopotamia located south of what is now Kufa in south-central Iraq.
Sūrat al-Ikhlāṣ (سورة الإخلاص, "Fidelity" or "Sincerity"), also known as Sūrat al-Tawḥīd (سورة التوحيد, "Monotheism") is the 112th sūra of the Qur'an.
The Al-Iman School is an Islamic school catering for Muslim students.
Sūrat al-Jinn (سورة الجن, “The Jinn”) is the seventy-second chapter of the Quran with 28 verses.
Imam al-Haramayn Dhia' ul-Din Abd al-Malik ibn Yusuf al-Juwayni al-Shafi'i (امام الحرمین ضیاءالدین عبدالملک ابن یوسف جوینی شافعی, 17 February 1028— 19 August 1085; 419—478 AH) was a Persian Sunni Shafi'i jurist and mutakallim theologian.
Sūrat al-Kawthar (سورة الكوثر, "Abundance") is the 108th surah of the Quran and the shortest.
Tumāḍir bint ʿAmr ibn al-Ḥareth ibn al-Sharīd al-Sulamīyah (تماضر بنت عمرو بن الحارث بن الشريد السُلمية), usually simply referred to as al-Khansā’ (الخنساء) (meaning either "gazelle" or "snub-nose") was a 7th-century Arabic poet (said to have died in 646 CE).
Abu Yūsuf Yaʻqūb ibn ʼIsḥāq aṣ-Ṣabbāḥ al-Kindī (أبو يوسف يعقوب بن إسحاق الصبّاح الكندي; Alkindus; c. 801–873 AD) was an Arab Muslim philosopher, polymath, mathematician, physician and musician.
Sūrat al-Layl (الليل, “The Night”) is the ninety-second sūrah (chapter) of the Qur'an, containing twenty-one āyāt (verses).
Abu al-Abbas al-Maʾmūn ibn Hārūn al-Rashīd (أبو العباس المأمون; September 786 – 9 August 833) was the seventh Abbasid caliph, who reigned from 813 until his death in 833.
Sūrat al-Maʻārij (سورة المعارج, “The Ascending Stairways”) is the seventieth sura of the Qur'an with 44 ayat.
Al-Mada'in ("The Cities"; al-Madāʾin; Aramaic: Māhōzē or Mahuza) was an ancient metropolis which lay between the ancient royal centers of Ctesiphon and Seleucia.
Al-Madinah Cultural Center (AMCC, or Al-Madinah) is a non-profit student organization at the University of Minnesota that aims to create a better understanding and appreciation for the diverse culture of Islam through educational, social, and community activities at the University of Minnesota and to groom future leaders from its campus community.
Abu al-ʿAlaʾ al-Maʿarri (Arabic, full name; December 973 – May 1057) was a blind Arab philosopher, poet, and writer.
Abu Abdallah Muhammad ibn Abdallah al-Mansur (أبو عبد الله محمد بن عبد الله المنصور; 744 or 745 – 785), better known by his regnal name al-Mahdi (المهدي, "He who is guided by God"), was the third Abbasid Caliph who reigned from 775 to his death in 785.
al-Manār (المنار; ‘The Lighthouse’), was an Islamic magazine, written in Arabic, and was founded and published by Rashid Rida from 1898 until his death in 1935.
Al-Mansur or Abu Ja'far Abdallah ibn Muhammad al-Mansur (95 AH – 158 AH (714 AD– 6 October 775 AD); أبو جعفر عبدالله بن محمد المنصور) was the second Abbasid Caliph reigning from 136 AH to 158 AH (754 AD – 775 AD)Axworthy, Michael (2008); A History of Iran; Basic, USA;.
Al-Maqasid (the goals, the purposes) is a guide to Islam written by Imam Shatibi in his book "Al-mowafaq'at".
Taqi al-Din Abu al-Abbas Ahmad ibn 'Ali ibn 'Abd al-Qadir ibn Muhammad al-Maqrizi (1364–1442)Franz Rosenthal,.
The Prophet's Mosque (Classical ٱلْـمَـسْـجِـدُ ٱلـنَّـبَـوِيّ, Al-Masjidun-Nabawiyy; Modern Standard ٱلْـمَـسْـجِـدْ اَلـنَّـبَـوِي, Al-Masjid An-Nabawī) is a mosque established and originally built by the Islamic prophet Muhammad, situated in the city of Medina in the Hejazi region of Saudi Arabia.
Al Menbar National Islamic Society (جمعية المنبر الوطني الإسلامي, literally "Islamic National Tribune") is the political wing of the Al Eslah Society in Bahrain.
Sūrat al-Mu’minūn (سورة المؤمنون, "The Believers") is the 23rd surah (chapter) of the Qur'an with 118 ayat (verses).
Al-Mu'tadid I was an Abbasid Caliph of Cairo, Egypt for the Mamluk Sultans between 1352 and 1362.
Al-Mu'tadid II was an Abbasid Caliph of Cairo, Egypt for the Mamluk Sultans between 1414 and 1441.
Abu’l-ʿAbbās Aḥmad ibn Jaʿfar (ca. 842 – died 15 October 892), better known by his regnal name al-Muʿtamid ʿAlā ’llāh ("Dependent on God"), was the Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad from 870 to 892.
Abū ʿAbd Allāh Muḥammad ibn Jaʿfar (أبو عبد الله محمد بن جعفر; 847 – 16 July 869), better known by his regnal title al-Muʿtazz bi-ʾllāh (المعتز بالله, "He who is strengthened by God") was the Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad from 866 to 869, during the "Anarchy at Samarra".
Kitab al-Muhallā bi'l Athār, also known as Al-Muhalla ("The Sweetened" or "The Adorned Treatise,") is a book of Islamic law and jurisprudence by.
Abū Isḥāq Muḥammad ibn al-Wāṯiq (died 21 June 870), better known by his regnal name al-Muhtadī bi-'llāh (المهتدي بالله, "Guided by God"), was the Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad from July 869 to June 870, during the "Anarchy at Samarra".
Abū Muḥammad ʿAlī ibn Aḥmad (أبو محمد علي بن أحمد; 877/878 – 13 August 908), better known by his regnal name al-Muktafī bi-llāh (المكتفي بالله, "Content with God Alone"), was the Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad from 902 to 908.
Abu Ja'far Muhammad (أبو جعفر محمد; November 837 – 7 June 862), better known by his regnal title al-Muntasir bi-llah (المنتصر بالله, "He who triumphs in God") was the Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad from 861 to 862, during the "Anarchy at Samarra".
Hashim (Arabic/Persian: هاشم), better known as al-Muqanna‘ (المقنع "The Veiled", died ca. 783. was a Persian who claimed to be a prophet, and founded a religion which was a mixture of Zoroastrianism and Islam. He was a chemist, and one of his experiments caused an explosion in which a part of his face was burnt. For the rest of his life he used a veil and thus was known as "Hashemi" ("The Veiled One"). Nafisi and Arian-Pour have elaborated him on the "Khorrām-Dīnān" armies.
Al-Muqtadi (1056 – February 1094) (المقتدى) was the Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad from 1075 to 1094.
Al-Muqtafi (1096 – 12 March 1160) (المقتفي لأمر الله) was the Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad from 1136 to 1160.
Sūrat al-Mursalāt (سورة المرسلات, “The Emissaries”, “Winds Sent Forth”) is the 77th chapter (sura) of the Quran with 50 verses.
Al-Musharaka (المشاركة) (in participation and collaboration) is a National Institute for Technology in Liberal Education (NITLE) program initiative, intended to expand and enhance the teaching and study of Arab studies, Islamic studies and Middle Eastern studies.
Al-Mustaʿin (836 – 17 October 866) was the Abbasid Caliph from 862 to 866, during the "Anarchy at Samarra".
Al-Musta'sim Billah (full name: al-Musta'sim-Billah Abu-Ahmad Abdullah bin al-Mustansir-Billah;; 1213 – February 20, 1258) was the last Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad; he ruled from 1242 until his death.
Al-Musta'sim, also known as al-Mu'tasim, served twice (first in 1377, then again in 1386–1389) as Abbasid caliph of Cairo under the tutelage of the Mamluk sultans.
Hassan al-Mustadi Ibn Yusuf al-Mustanjid (1142 – 30 March 1180) (المستضيء بأمر الله) was the Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad from 1170 to 1180.
Abdallah ibn al-Muktafi (عبدالله بن المكتفي) (905 – September/October 949), better known by his regnal name al-Mustakfi bi-llah (المستكفي بالله, "Desirous of Being Satisfied with God Alone") was the Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad from 944 to 946.
Al-Mustakfi II was an Abbasid Caliph of Cairo, Egypt for the Mamluk Sultans between 1441 and 1451.
Al-Mustanjid (المستنجد بالله) (1124 – 20 December 1170) was the Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad from 1160 to 1170. He was the son of previous Caliph al-Muqtafi. One of al-Muqtafi's wives, al-Mustanjid's stepmother, wanted her own son to succeed. She gained over many amirs to her side, and had their slave-girls armed with daggers to kill the new caliph. Al-Mustanjid discovered the plot and placed the rebel son and mother in prison. Around this time, Fatimid dynasty was at last extinguished, having lasted for 260 years. Their conqueror, Saladin, though himself an orthodox Muslim, initially didn't proclaim the Sunni faith in the midst of a people still devoted to the tenets and practice of the Shi'a sect. But he soon found himself able to do so; and thus the spiritual supremacy of the Abbasids again prevailed, not only in Syria, but throughout Egypt and all its dependencies. There is little else to say than that this caliph continued to occupy a more or less independent position, with a vizier and courtly surroundings, and supported by only a small force sufficient for an occasional local campaign.
Al-Mustansir Abu al-Qasim Ahmad was a member of the Abbasid house who was imprisoned by his nephew the Caliph al-Musta'sim in Baghdad.
Abū Tamīm Ma‘ad al-Mustanṣir bi-llāh (أبو تميم معد المستنصر بالله.‎; July 5, 1029 – January 10, 1094) was the eighth caliph of the Fatimid Caliphate from 1036 until 1094.
Al-Mustazhir (المستظهر بالله) (1078 – 6 August 1118) was the Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad from 1094 to 1118.
Abu’l-Faḍl Jaʿfar ibn Muḥammad al-Muʿtaṣim bi’llāh (جعفر بن محمد المعتصم بالله; March 822 – 11 December 861), better known by his regnal name al-Mutawakkil ʿAlā ’llāh (المتوكل على الله, "He who relies on God") was an Abbasid caliph who reigned in Samarra from 847 until 861.
Al-Mutawakkil I was an Abbasid Caliph of Cairo, Egypt for the Mamluk Sultans between 1362 and 1383, and then 1389 and 1406.
Abū ʾl-Qāsim al-Faḍl ibn al-Muqtadir (914 – September/October 974), better known by his regnal name of al-Mutīʿ li-ʾllāh (المطيع لله, "obedient to God"), was the Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad from 946 to 974.
Abu Ishaq Ibrahim Ibn al-Muktafi, better known by his regnal title al-Muttaqi (908 – July 968, المتقي) was the Abbasid caliph in Baghdad from 940 to 944.
Al-Nabigha (Arabic: النابغة الذبياني / al-Nābighah al-Dhubiyānī; real name Ziyad ibn Muawiyah), was one of the last Arabian poets of pre-Islamic times.
Al-Nahda (النهضة / ALA-LC: an-Nahḍah; Arabic for "awakening" or "renaissance") was a cultural renaissance that began in the late 19th and early 20th centuries in Egypt, then later moving to Ottoman-ruled Arabic-speaking regions including Lebanon, Syria and others.
Al-Nahdiah was a companion of the Islamic prophet Muhammad.
Al-Nasir li-Din Allah (6 August 1158 – 5 October 1225) (الناصر لدين الله) was the 34th Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad from 1180 until his death.
The Sultan al-Nasir Muhammad ibn Qala'un Mosque is an early 14th-century mosque at the Citadel in Cairo, Egypt.
Abu Zakaria Yahya Ibn Sharaf al-Nawawī (أبو زكريا يحيى بن شرف النووي;‎ 1233–1277), popularly known as al-Nawawī or Imam Nawawī (631–676 A.H./1234–1277), was an influential Sunni Shafi'ite jurist and hadith scholar.
Al-Noor School, Arabic: مدرسة النور, is a co-ed gender-separated private school located in the Greenwood Heights neighborhood of Brooklyn, NY.
Al-Qadim is a One Thousand and One Nights-themed campaign setting for the Dungeons & Dragons role-playing game.
Al-Qadir (947 – 29 November 1031) (القادر) was the Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad from 991 to 1031.
Al-Qaeda (القاعدة,, translation: "The Base", "The Foundation" or "The Fundament" and alternatively spelled al-Qaida, al-Qæda and sometimes al-Qa'ida) is a militant Sunni Islamist multi-national organization founded in 1988.
Al-Qaeda's New Front is PBS documentary on Islamic terrorist network in Europe and its relationship to Islam and Al-Qaeda.
Sūrat al-Qalam (سورة القلم, “The Pen”) is the sixty-eighth sura of the Qur'an with 52 ayat.
Sūrat al-Qāriʻah (سورة القارعة) is the 101st chapter (sura) of the Quran with 11 verses.
Al-Qasim Guennoun ibn Ibrahim (القاسم كنون بن إبراهيم al-Qāsim Kanūn bin Ibrāhīm) was the eleventh Idrisid ruler and sultan of Fes.
Al-Qadisiyah Governorate (translit) is one of the governorates of Iraq.
Al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya (الصحیفه السجادیه,; "Scripture of Sajjad") (صحیفۀ امام سجاد,; "Scripture of Imam Sajjad") is a book of supplications attributed to Ali ibn Husayn Zayn al-Abidin, the great-grandson of the Islamic Prophet Muhammad.
The Mosque of Al Salih Tala'i (مسجد الصالح طلائع) is a late Fatimid-era mosque commissioned by the vizir Tala'i ibn Ruzzik in 1160.
Al-Salt (السلط Al-Salt — pronounced Es-Sult or Es-Salt) is an ancient agricultural town and administrative centre in west-central Jordan.
Al-Sarafand (الصرفند) was a Palestinian Arab village near the Mediterranean shore south of Haifa.
Al-Sawa'iq al-Muhriqah is an Islamic book written by the Muslim scholar Ibn Hajar Al-Haytami, it covers many areas such as how to send greetings upon the Prophet Muhammad.
Tāj al-Dīn Abū al-Fath Muhammad ibn `Abd al-Karīm ash-Shahrastānī (1086–1153 CE), also known as Muhammad al-Shahrastānī, was an influential Persian historian of religions, a historiographer, Islamic scholar, philosopher and theologian.
Abu Ishaq al-Shatibi (720-790 A.H./1320/1388 A.D.) was an Andalusian Sunni Islamic legal scholar following the Maliki madhab.
A secondary school in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, the Al-Thager Model School (مدارس الثغر النموذجية, the name roughly is "The Haven"Coll 143) is a two-story building that used to house both primary and secondary grades, as well as residential dormitories on the second level.
Abū ‘Īsá Muḥammad ibn ‛Īsá as-Sulamī aḍ-Ḍarīr al-Būghī at-Tirmidhī (أبو عيسى محمد بن عيسى السلمي الضرير البوغي الترمذي; ترمذی, Termezī; 824 – 9 October 892), often referred to as Imām at-Termezī/Tirmidhī, was a Persian Islamic scholar and collector of hadith who wrote al-Jami` as-Sahih (known as Jami` at-Tirmidhi), one of the six canonical hadith compilations in Sunni Islam.
Walid ibn Uqba (وليد بن عقبة) was one of the companions of Muhammad.
Abū Jaʿfar Hārūn ibn Muḥammad (أبو جعفر هارون بن محمد المعتصم; 18 April 812 – 10 August 847), better known by his regnal name al-Wāthiq Bi’llāh (الواثق بالله, "He who trusts in God"), was an Abbasid caliph who reigned from 842 until 847 AD (227–232 AH in the Islamic calendar).
Al-Watiq I was an Abbasid Caliph of Cairo, Egypt for the Mamluk Sultans between 1340 and 1341.
Al-Watiq II was an Abbasid Caliph of Cairo, Egypt for the Mamluk Sultans between 1383 and 1386.
The Az-Zahiriyah library (المكتبة الظاهرية) in Damascus, Syria dates back to 1277, taking its name from its founder Sultan Baibars (1223–1277).
Abu al-Qasim Mahmud ibn Umar al-Zamakhshari, known widely as al-Zamakhshari (in محمود زمخشری), also called Jar Allah (Arabic for "God's neighbour") (18 March 1075 – 12 June 1144), was a medieval Muslim scholar of Persian origin, who subscribed to the Muʿtazilite theological doctrine, who was born in Khwarezmia, but lived most of his life in Bukhara, Samarkand, and Baghdad.
Alabama is a state in the southeastern region of the United States.
Alaeddin Mosque is a historical mosque in Jugra, Kuala Langat District, Selangor, Malaysia.
Alain de Lille (or Alanus ab Insulis) (11281202/03) was a French theologian and poet.
Alain Mimoun (1 January 1921 – 27 June 2013) was an Algerian-born French long-distance runner who competed in track events, cross-country running and the marathon.
Alam can be an Arabic surname or it can also mean flag, sign, or world.
Aziz-ud-din Alamgir II (6 June 1699 – 29 November 1759), (عالمگير ثانی) was the Mughal Emperor of India from 3 June 1754 to 29 November 1759.
Alan Wilson Watts (6 January 1915 – 16 November 1973) was a British philosopher, writer, and speaker, best known as an interpreter and populariser of Eastern philosophy for a Western audience.
Alandur is a zone of Chennai corporation, and an urban node in Chennai district in Guindy taluk in the state of Tamil Nadu, India.
The Alans (or Alani) were an Iranian nomadic pastoral people of antiquity.
Alanya, formerly Alaiye, is a beach resort city and a component district of Antalya Province on the southern coast of Turkey, in the country's Mediterranean Region, east of the city of Antalya.
Alappuzha, also known as Alleppey, is the administrative headquarters of Alappuzha District of Kerala state of southern India.
The Alaska State Troopers, officially the Division of Alaska State Troopers (AST), is the state police agency of the U.S. state of Alaska.
Alassane Dramane Ouattara (born 1 January 1942) is an Ivorian politician who has been President of Ivory Coast (Côte d'Ivoire) since 2010.
Sultan Alauddin Ri'ayat Syah al-Kahar (died 28 September 1571) was the third sultan of Aceh, and was one of the strongest warrior rulers in the history of the kingdom.
Makhdoom Alauddin Ali Ahmed Sabir, also known as صابر کلیری Sabir Kaliyari ("Patient Saint of Kaliyar"), was a prominent South Asian Sufi saint in the 13th century.
The Alawis, also rendered as Alawites (علوية Alawiyyah/Alawīyah), are a syncretic sect of the Twelver branch of Shia Islam, primarily centered in Syria.
Albania (Shqipëri/Shqipëria; Shqipni/Shqipnia or Shqypni/Shqypnia), officially the Republic of Albania (Republika e Shqipërisë), is a country in Southeastern Europe.
American Albanians (singular: Shqiptar i Amerikes / plural: Shqiptaret e Amerikes) are Americans of full or partial Albanian ancestry.
The Albanian Greek Catholic Church is an autonomous (sui iuris in Latin) Byzantine Rite particular church in communion with Rome, whose members live in Albania and which comprises the Apostolic Administration of Southern Albania.
After the fall of communism throughout Eastern Europe in the late 1980s and early 1990s, a large number of economic refugees and immigrants from Greece's neighbouring countries, Albania, Bulgaria, the Republic of Macedonia, Romania, as well as from more distant countries such as Russia, Ukraine, Armenia and Georgia, arrived in Greece, mostly as illegal immigrants, to seek employment.
Albanian literature stretches back to the Middle Ages and comprises those literary texts and works written in the Albanian language.
The Albanians (Shqiptarët) are a European ethnic group that is predominantly native to Albania, Kosovo, western Macedonia, southern Serbia, southeastern Montenegro and northwestern Greece, who share a common ancestry, culture and language.
Albanians are the largest ethnic minority in the Republic of Macedonia.
The Albanians (Shqiptarë in Albanian, Albanezi in Romanian) are an ethnic minority in Romania.
Albanisation (or Albanianisation) is the linguistic or cultural assimilation to the Albanian language and Albanian culture.
Albay (Probinsya kan Albay; Lalawigan ng Albay; Provincia de Albay)is a province located in the Bicol Region in southeastern Luzon of the Philippines.
Richard Albert Mohler Jr. (born October 19, 1959), is an American historical theologian and the ninth president of the Southern Baptist Theological Seminary in Louisville, Kentucky.
Alberto Magno Romero Rivera (September 19, 1935June 20, 1997) was an anti-Catholic religious activist who was the source of many of the conspiracy theories about the Vatican espoused by fundamentalist Christian author Jack Chick.
Alchemy is a philosophical and protoscientific tradition practiced throughout Europe, Africa, Brazil and Asia.
Alcohol intoxication, also known as drunkenness or alcohol poisoning, is negative behavior and physical effects due to the recent drinking of ethanol (alcohol).
Alcoholic drinks in China seem to precede the earliest stages of Chinese civilization.
Aleister Crowley (born Edward Alexander Crowley; 12 October 1875 – 1 December 1947) was an English occultist, ceremonial magician, poet, painter, novelist, and mountaineer.
Grand Prince Alexander or Aleksandr Mikhailovich (Александр Михайлович Тверской; 7 October 1301 – 29 October 1339) was a Prince of Tver as Alexander I and Grand Prince of Vladimir-Suzdal as Alexander II.
Alev Alatlı (born 1944 in Menemen) is a Turkish economist, philosopher, columnist and bestselling novelist.
Alevism (Alevîlik or Anadolu Alevîliği/Alevileri, also called Qizilbash, or Shī‘ah Imāmī-Tasawwufī Ṭarīqah, or Shīʿah-ī Bāṭen’īyyah) is a syncretic, heterodox, and local tradition, whose adherents follow the mystical (''bāṭenī'') teachings of Ali, the Twelve Imams, and a descendant—the 13th century Alevi saint Haji Bektash Veli.
Alexander Kronemer (born 19 June 1960, Pennsylvania, United States) is the co-founder and executive producer of.
Alexander Kasimovich Kazembek (Алекса́ндр Каси́мович Казембе́к or Казем-Бек; Azeri: Aleksandr Kazımbəy or Mirzə Kazım-bəy; Persian: میرزا کاظم بیگ Mirzâ Kâzem Beg) (22 July 1802 – 27 November 1870), born Muhammad Ali Kazim-bey (Azeri: Məhəmməd Əli Kazımbəy), was an orientalist, historian and philologist of Azerbaijani and Iranian origin.
Mohammed Alexander Russell Webb (November 9, 1846 in Hudson, New York – October 1, 1916 in Rutherford, New Jersey) was an American writer, publisher, and the United States Consul to the Philippines.
Alexander Vallaury (1850-1921) was a French-Ottoman architect, who founded architectural education and lectured in the School of Fine Arts in Constantinople (Istanbul), Ottoman Empire.
Alexandre Bennigsen (Александр Адамович Беннигсен) (20 March 1913 in St Petersburg – 3 June 1988) was a scholar of Islam in the Soviet Union.
Alexandria in Arachosia was a city in ancient times that is now called Kandahar in Afghanistan.
Alexandru Macedonski (also rendered as Al. A. Macedonski, Macedonschi or Macedonsky; March 14, 1854 – November 24, 1920) was a Romanian poet, novelist, dramatist and literary critic, known especially for having promoted French Symbolism in his native country, and for leading the Romanian Symbolist movement during its early decades.
Alfred Taban Logune (born 1957, Kajokeji) is a South Sudanese broadcast journalist.
The Algerian Civil War was an armed conflict between the Algerian Government and various Islamic rebel groups which began in 1991 following a coup negating an Islamist electoral victory.
The dinar (دينار, Berber language: Dinar or Menkuc, French 'Dinar'; sign: DA; code: DZD) is the monetary currency of Algeria and it is subdivided into 100 centimes which are now obsolete due the extreme low value of the single currency unit of "one dinar".
Algiers (الجزائر al-Jazā’er, ⴷⵣⴰⵢⴻ, Alger) is the capital and largest city of Algeria.
Ali (ʿAlī) (15 September 601 – 29 January 661) was the cousin and the son-in-law of Muhammad, the last prophet of Islam.
Ali is a 2001 American biographical sports drama film written, produced and directed by Michael Mann.
Ali Abu al-Ragheb (علي أبو الراغب) (born 1946) was the Prime Minister of Jordan from June 19, 2000 until October 25, 2003.
Ali Akbar Nateq-Nouri (علیاکبر ناطقنوری; sometimes spelt Nategh-Nouri) (born 6 October 1944) is an Iranian politician.
‘Abdullah ‘Ali al-Asghar ibn Al-Husayn (09 Rajab 60 AH – 10 Muharram 61 AH (10 October 680 CE)), or simply ‘Ali Asghar ("Younger ‘Ali"), was the youngest child of Al-Husayn (son of ‘Ali, grandson of the Islamic Prophet Muhammad and the third Imam) and Rubab bint Imra’ al-Qays.
Alī ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Alī (علي بن محمد بن علي; 828-868 C.E.) commonly called Ali al-Hadi and Alī an-Naqī was known as al-Hadi. He was the tenth of the Twelve Imams after his father Muhammad al-Jawad and before his son Hasan al-Askari. He remained in Medina teaching until the age of 30 when he was summoned to Samarra by the Abbasid caliph Al-Mutawakkil. There he was treated roughly by the caliph and his successors until, according to Shiite accounts, he was poisoned through intrigue of Al-Mu'tazz the Abbasid caliph, in 254/868, and was buried in Samarra.
Ali bin Ibrahim Al-Naimi (علي بن إبراهيم النعيمي) (born 2 August 1935) was the Saudi Arabian Minister of Petroleum and Mineral Resources from 1995 to 2016.
'Alī ibn Mūsā ar-Riḍā (علي ابن موسى الرّضا), also called Abu al-Hasan, Ali al-Reza (29 December 765 – 23 August 818) or in Iran (Persia) as Imam Reza (امام رضا), was a descendant of the Prophet Muhammad and the eighth Shi'ite Imam, after his father Musa al-Kadhim, and before his son Muhammad al-Jawad.
Al-Sayyid Ali al-Husseini al-Sistani (السيد علي الحسيني السيستاني), or Sayyed Ali Hosseini Sistani (سید علی حسینی سیستانی), commonly known as Ayatollah Sistani in the Western world (born August 4, 1930 in Mashhad), is an Iranian Shia marja in Iraq and the head of many of the seminaries (Hawzahs) in Najaf.
Ali and Nino is a novel about a romance between a Muslim Azerbaijani boy and Christian Georgian girl in Baku in the years 1918-1920.
Ali Atwa (born about 1960) (علي عطوة) is a Lebanese national and member of the Islamist organization Hezbollah.
Ali Bongo Ondimba (born Alain Bernard Bongo; 9 February 1959)"Bongo Ali", Gabon: Les hommes de pouvoir, number 4,, 5 March 2002.
Ali Coulibaly (r. 1757 - c. 1759) was a king of the Bambara Empire of Ségou.
Ali Fallahian, (علی فلاحیان., born 23 October 1945) is an Iranian politician and cleric.
Ali Hassan Mwinyi (born 8 May 1925 in Kivure, Pwani Region, Tanzania) is a retired politician who served as the second President of the United Republic of Tanzania from 1985 to 1995.
Abu ’l-Ḥasan ʿAlī b. ʿUthmān b. ʿAlī al-Ghaznawī al-Jullābī al-Hujwīrī (c. 1009-1072/77), known as ʿAlī al-Hujwīrī or al-Hujwīrī (also spelt Hajweri, Hajveri, or Hajvery) for short, or reverentially as Shaykh Syed ʿAlī al-Hujwīrī or as Dātā Ganj Bakhsh by Muslims of the Indian subcontinent, was an 11th-century Ghaznian-Persian Sunni Muslim mystic, theologian, and preacher from what is now Afghanistan who became famous for composing the Kashf al-maḥjūb (Unveiling of the Hidden), which is considered the "earliest formal treatise" on Sufism in Persian.
Abū al-Ḥasan ʻAlī ibn ʻAbdillāh ibn Jaʻfar al-Madīnī (778 CE/161 AH – 849/234) (أبو الحسن علي بن عبد الله بن جعفر المديني) was a ninth-century Sunni Islamic scholar who was influential in the science of hadith.
Ali ibn Sabr ad-Din (علي بن صابر الدين زنكي) (flourished after 1344) was the son of Sabr ad-Din I. The Emperor of Ethiopia Newaya Krestos made him Governor of Ifat after the death of his father.
Ali ibn Umar Din (علي بن عمر الدين) (reigned 1553–1555) was a Sultan of the Sultanate of Adal.
Ali ibn Yusuf (Also known as "Ali Ben Youssef") (born 1084 died 26 January 1143) was the 5th Almoravid king.
Ali Imran (علی عمران) is a fictional character in various Urdu language detective novels written by Asrar Ahmed under the pseudonym of Ibn-e-Safi.
Ali Al'amin Mazrui (24 February 1933 – 12 October 2014), was an academic professor, and political writer on African and Islamic studies and North-South relations.
Ali Akbar Feyz Aleni (علیاکبر فیض آلنی; 2 December 1921 – 30 July 2007), more known as Ali Meshkini, was an Iranian hardline cleric and politician.
Ali Mohamed Gedi (Cali Maxamed Geedi, علي محمد جيدي) (born 2 October 1952) was the Prime Minister of the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) of Somalia from 2004 to 2007.
Ayatollah Mohammad Ali Movahedi-Kermani (محمدعلی موحدی کرمانی) is Tehran's Friday Prayer Ephemeral Imam and the current secretary-general of Combatant Clergy Association.
Sultan Ali Mughayat Syah (died 7 August 1530) was the first sultan of Aceh in northern Sumatra, reigning from about 1514 until his death.
Ayatollah Sayyed Ali Naqi Naqvi (born 26 December 1905 – 18 May 1988) (26 Rajab 1323 AH - 1 Shawal 1408 AH), also known as Naqqan Sahib, was a mujtahid from Lucknow, India who graduated from Najaf, Iraq.
Ali Pasha's Mosque or Ali Pasha Mosque was constructed in Sarajevo during 1560–61 as a vakıf (legacy or perpetual endowment) of Sofu Hadım Ali Pasha, the Ottoman former governor of the Bosnia Eyalet of the Ottoman Empire, after his death in September 1560.
Ali Pasha Mubarak (1823-Nov. 14, 1893 CE) was an Egyptian public works and education minister during the second half of the nineteenth century.
Ali Sadikin (7 July 1927 – 20 May 2008) was an Indonesian politician of Sundanese background.
Ali Salem al Beidh (‘Alī Sālim al-Bīḍ, علي سالم البيض) (born 10 February 1939) is a Yemeni politician who served as the General Secretary of the Yemeni Socialist Party (YSP) in South Yemen and as Vice President of Yemen following the unification in 1990.
Ali Shamkhani (Persian and Khuzestani Arabic: علی شمخانی, born 29 September 1955) is an Iranian Rear Admiral Upper Half.
Ali Shariatmadari (1924 – 9 January 2017) was an Iranian academic and educationist who was Minister of Culture in the interim government of Mehdi Bazargan in 1979.
Ali Younesi (born 1 January 1951) is an Iranian politician, who served in different positions.
Alibori is the largest and northernmost département of Benin.
Fatimah Rifaat (June 5, 1930 – January 1996), better known by her pen name Alifa Rifaat (أليفة رفعت), was an Egyptian author whose controversial short stories are renowned for their depictions of the dynamics of female sexuality, relationships, and loss in rural Egyptian culture.
Alim Hamza oglu Qasimov (Alim Həmzə oğlu Qasımov; born August 14, 1957) is an Azerbaijani musician and one of the foremost mugham singers in Azerbaijan.
Aliran Kepercayaan is an official cover term for various, partly syncretic forms of mysticism in Indonesia.
Alireza Dabir (علیرضا دبیر, born September 16, 1977 in Ray) is an Iranian champion freestyle wrestler.
Alireza Jafarzadeh is a media commentator on the Middle East and an active dissident figure to the Iranian government.
Alhaji Aliu Mahama (3 March 1946 – 16 November 2012) was a Ghanaian politician who was Vice-President of Ghana from 7 January 2001 to 7 January 2009.
Aljamiado (عَجَمِيَة trans. ''ʿajamiyah'') or Aljamía texts are manuscripts that use the Arabic script for transcribing European languages, especially Romance languages such as Mozarabic, Portuguese, Spanish or Ladino, and Bosnian with its Arebica script.
The All-India Muslim League (popularised as Muslim League) was a political party established during the early years of the 20th century in the British Indian Empire.
The All-Tatar Public Center, (ATPC, BTİÜ), also known as the Tatar Social Center (Tatar Latin: Bötentatar İctimağí Üzäge, BTİÜ; Cyrillic: Бөтентатар Иҗтимагый Үзәге, БТИҮ; Russian Всетата́рский Обще́ственный Центр, ВТОЦ) is a Tatar social organization with a nationalist agenda.
The Allahabad Address (خطبہ الہ آباد) is a speech by Pakistani scholar Sir Muhammad Iqbal, one of the best-known in Pakistan history.
The Allahdad was an 1839 violent riot and forced conversion against the Jews of Mashhad, Khorasan, Qajar Iran.
Allāhumma (اللَّهُمَّ) is a vocative form of Allah, the Islamic and Arabic term for God.
Allahverdi Khan (اللّه وردی خان, ალავერდი-ხანი) (ca. 1560 – June 3, 1613) was an Iranian general and statesman of Georgian origin who, initially a ghulām ("military slave"), rose to high office in the Safavid state.
Muhammad Allal al-Fassi (January 10, 1910 – May 19, 1974), was a Moroccan politician, writer, poet and Islamic scholar.
Allaman is a municipality in the district of Morges in the canton of Vaud in Switzerland.
Alle (Alle) is a municipality in the district of Porrentruy of the canton of Jura in Switzerland.
The Alliance of Builders or Developers of Islamic Iran (ائتلاف آبادگران ایران اسلامی; E'telāf-e Ābādgarān-e Īrān-e Eslāmī), usually shortened to Abadgaran (آبادگران), was an Iranian conservative political federation of parties and organizations.
Allmendingen bei Bern is a municipality in the Bern-Mittelland administrative district in the canton of Bern in Switzerland.
Allschwil is a statistic town and a municipality in the district of Arlesheim in the canton of Basel-Country in Switzerland.
Almış iltäbär (Almysh Elteber, Almish Yiltawar, ألمش بن يلطوار) was the first Muslim ruler (emir) of Volga Bulgaria.
The Almighty Black P. Stone Nation, or BPSN, is an American street gang founded in Chicago, estimated to have more than 100,000 members.
The Almighty Vice Lord Nation (Vice Lords for short, abbreviated AVLN) is the second largest and one of the oldest street gangs in Chicago, Illinois.
Almora is a municipal board and a cantonment town in the Almora district in the state of Uttarakhand, India.
The Almoravid dynasty (Imṛabḍen, ⵉⵎⵕⴰⴱⴹⴻⵏ; المرابطون, Al-Murābiṭūn) was an imperial Berber Muslim dynasty centered in Morocco.
Alot is a town and nagar panchayat in the Ratlam district of Madhya Pradesh, India.
Alpha Blondy (born Seydou Koné; 1 January 1953 in Dimbokro, Ivory Coast) is a reggae singer and international recording artist.
Alpha Condé (born 4 March 1938) is a Guinean politician who has been President of Guinea since December 2010.
Alpha Oumar Konaré (born 2 February 1946) is a former President of Mali for two five-year terms (1992 to 2002), and was Chairperson of the African Union Commission from 2003 to 2008.
Alpha1Estates is a global Islamic real estate consultancy founded in 2004 with its headquarters in Marble Arch in London, United Kingdom.
Mayer Alphonse James Rothschild (1 February 1827 – 26 May 1905), was a French financier, vineyard owner, art collector, philanthropist, racehorse owner/breeder and a member of the prominent Rothschild banking family of France.
Alpthal is a village and municipality in Schwyz District in the canton of Schwyz in Switzerland.
Alqama ibn Qays al-Nakha'i (d.) was a well-known scholar from among the taba'een and pupil of Abd-Allah ibn Mas'ud, who called him the most erudite of his disciples.
Altai Krai (p) is a federal subject of Russia (a krai).
The Altai Republic (Респу́блика Алта́й, Respublika Altay,; Altai: Алтай Республика, Altay Respublika) is a federal subject of Russia (a republic).
Altenburg Abbey (Stift Altenburg) is a Benedictine monastery in Altenburg, Lower Austria.
Altendorf is a municipality in March District in the canton of Schwyz in Switzerland.
Alterswil is a municipality in the district of Sense in the canton of Fribourg in Switzerland.
Altit Fort (قلعہ التیت) is an ancient fort at Altit town in the Hunza valley in Gilgit Baltistan, Pakistan.
Altnau is a municipality in the district of Kreuzlingen in the canton of Thurgau in Switzerland.
Altruism is the principle and moral practice of concern for happiness of other human beings, resulting in a quality of life both material and spiritual.
Altstätten is a small historic rural town and a municipality in the district Rhine Valley, in the canton of St. Gall in Switzerland. It is located with some secure distance of about west from the Alpine Rhine in the flat and wide St. Gall Rhine Valley, which also designates the border with Austria. It further gives access to the higher situated Appenzell to the west. The official language of Altstätten is (the Swiss variety of Standard) German, but the main spoken language is the local variant of the Alemannic Swiss German dialect.
Chief Justice Alvin "Bobby" Robert Cornelius (8 May 1903 – 21 December 1991), ''HPk'', was a Pakistani jurist, legal philosopher and judge, serving as the 4th Chief Justice of Pakistan from 1960 until 1968.
Alwi Shihab (علوي شهاب) is one of the leading authorities and scholars on the interaction of Christian and Muslim communities.
Cheikh Ahmadou Bamba (Aamadu Bamba Mbàkke, أحمد بن محمد بن حبيب الله Aḥmad ibn Muḥammad ibn Ḥabīb Allāh, 1850–1927) also known as Khādimu 'r-Rasūl (خادِم الرسول) or "The Servant of the Messenger" and Sëriñ Tuubaa or "Sheikh of Tuubaa", was a Sufi religious leader in Senegal and the founder of the large Mouride Brotherhood (the Muridiyya).
Amadou Toumani Touré (born 4 November 1948;, African Press Agency, 27 March 2007. also known as "ATT") is a Malian politician who was President of Mali from 2002 to 2012.
Amadu Wurie (1898 – 13 June 1977) was an early Sierra Leonean educationist and politician.
The Amal Movement (or Hope Movement in English, حركة أمل) is a Lebanese political party associated with Lebanon's Shia community.
Amani Abeid Karume (born 1 November 1948) is a former president of Zanzibar.
Amar Akbar Anthony is a 1977 Indian action comedy film, directed and produced by Manmohan Desai.
Amarar (or Amarer) is a bedouin tribe of the Beja people inhabiting the mountainous country on the west side of the Red Sea from Suakin northwards towards Al-Qusayr.
Ambala, is a city and a municipal corporation in Ambala district in the state of Haryana, India, located on the border with the Indian state of Punjab and in proximity to both states capital Chandigarh.
Ambasamudram is the principal town of a taluk named the same, in Tirunelveli district in the state of Tamil Nadu, India.
Ambattur is in Western Chennai, located in the Ambattur taluk of the Chennai Corporation in Chennai District in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
The Ambonese, also known as South Moluccans, are an Indonesian ethnic group of mixed Austronesian-Papuan origin.
Ambur is a town and municipality in Vellore District, Tamil Nadu, India.
Amden is a municipality in the Wahlkreis (constituency) of See-Gaster, in the canton of St. Gallen in Switzerland.
The government of Iraq has established a committee to consider a proposed amendment to the Constitution of Iraq.
American Flagg! is an American comic book series created by writer-artist Howard Chaykin, published by First Comics from 1983 to 1989.
The American Muslim Council (AMC) is an Islamic organization and registered charity in the United States.
The American Society for the Defense of Tradition, Family and Property (TFP), or "The American TFP," is a special campaign of The Foundation for a Christian Civilization, Inc.
American Vision is a United States nonprofit organization founded in 1978 by Steve Schiffman.
Amharas (አማራ, Āmara; አምሐራ, ʾÄməḥära), also known as Abyssinians, are an ethnic group traditionally inhabiting the northern and central highlands of Ethiopia, particularly the Amhara Region.
Mohammed Amin al-Husseini (محمد أمين الحسيني; 1897 – 4 July 1974) was a Palestinian Arab nationalist and Muslim leader in Mandatory Palestine.
Amina Haydar al-Sadr (آمنة حيدر الصدر), known as Bint al-Huda al-Sadr (بنت الهدى الصدر), was an Iraqi educator and political activist who was executed by Saddam Hussein along with her brother, Ayatullah Sayyid Mohammad Baqir al-Sadr, in 1980.
Amina Lawal Kurami (born 1972) is a Nigerian woman.
Aminah bint Wahb (آمنة بنت وهب; died 577 AD) was the mother of the Islamic prophet Muhammad.
The Aminidivi Islands, are one of the three island subgroups in the Union Territory of Lakshadweep, India.
Amir Abdullah Khan Rokhri (10 June 1916 – 2 December 2001) was a politician and was involved in the Pakistan Movement.
Amir Elahi (Urdu: عامر الہی) (1 September 1908 – 28 December 1980) was one of the fourteen cricketers who have played Test cricket for more than one country.
Amir Mohebbian (امیر محبیان.), (born 23 June 1962 in Tehran, Iran) is an Iranian politician, journalist, professor of university and political analyst.
Amir Murtono (Nganjuk, East Java, 7 July 1924), also spelled Amir Moertono, is a former Indonesian General during Suharto's New Order regime who gained prominence as Chairman of Golkar from 1973 to 1983.
Amir Sjarifuddin Harahap, also spelled Amir Sjarifoeddin Harahap (27 April 1907 – 19 December 1948) was a socialist politician and one of the Indonesian Republic's first leaders, becoming Prime Minister during the country's National Revolution.
Amirmachmud (Cimahi, West Java, 21 February 1923 – Bandung, West Java, 21 April 1995) was an Indonesian Military General who was an eyewitness to the signing of the Supersemar document transferring power from President Sukarno to General Suharto.
Amittai (אֲמִתַּי, my truth; Amathi; italic) was the father of the Prophet Jonah.
Amlikon-Bissegg is a municipality in the district of Weinfelden in the canton of Thurgau in Switzerland.
Amman (عمّان) is the capital and most populous city of Jordan, and the country's economic, political and cultural centre.
Ammar Al-Baluchi (عمار البلوشي,; also transliterated as Amar Al-Balochi, born Ali Abdul Aziz AliShannon, Elaine. Time,, May 1, 2003) is a Pakistani citizen in U.S. custody at Guantanamo Bay detention camp.
ʻAmmār ibn Yāsir ibn ʿĀmir ibn Mālik Abū al-Yaqzān (عمار بن یاسر) was one of the Muhajirun in the history of Islam, Islam Times, retrieved on 13 Apr 2014 and, for his dedicated devotion to Islam's cause, is considered to be one of the most loyal and beloved companions of Muhammad and ‘Ali; thus, he occupies a position of the highest prominence in Islam.
Ammiel Alcalay (born 1956) is an American poet, scholar, critic, translator, and prose stylist.
Amol (آمل –;; also Romanized as Āmol and Amul) is a city and the administrative center of Amol County, Mazandaran Province, Iran.
Amorium was a city in Phrygia, Asia Minor which was founded in the Hellenistic period, flourished under the Byzantine Empire, and declined after the Arab sack of 838.
Amputechture is the third studio album by American progressive rock band the Mars Volta, released on September 12, 2006, on Gold Standard Laboratories and Universal Records.
Amr ibn Maymun al-Awdi (عمرو بن ميمون العودي) was one of the AnsarHistory of the Caliphs by Suyuti companions of the Islamic prophet Muhammad.
Amr Mohamed Helmi Khaled (عمرو محمد حلمي خالد; born 5 September 1967) is an Egyptian Muslim activist and television preacher.
Amr Moussa (عمرو محمد موسى,, Amr Muhammad Moussa; born 3 October 1936) is an Egyptian politician and diplomat who was the Secretary-General of the Arab League, a 22-member forum representing Arab states, from 1 June 2001 to 1 June 2011.
Amriswil is a town and a municipality in Arbon District in the canton of Thurgau in Switzerland near the Lake Constance.
Amrita Singh (born 9 February 1958) is an Indian film and television actress.
Amritsar district is one of 22 districts located in the Majha region of the state of Punjab in North India.
Ali Amrozi bin Haji Nurhasyim (5 July 1962 – 9 November 2008), also known as Amrozi, was an Indonesian who was convicted and executed for his role in carrying out the 2002 Bali bombings, an act of terrorism.
The Amu Darya, also called the Amu or Amo River, and historically known by its Latin name Oxus, is a major river in Central Asia.
Amur Oblast (p) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast), located on the banks of the Amur and Zeya Rivers in the Russian Far East.
In the Qur'an, verse 34 of Surah an-Nisa (abbreviated as 4:34) concerns the issue of marital relations in Islam.
Anaiyur is an area of the Madurai district in the state of Tamil Nadu, India.
Anakaputhur is a suburb of Chennai in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
Anamur is a town and district of the province of Mersin, on the Mediterranean coast of southern Turkey, between Antalya and the city of Mersin.
Anan Ben David (c. 715 - c. 795) (ענן בן דוד) is widely considered to be a major founder of the Karaite movement of Judaism.
Islamic anarchism is based on an interpretation of Islam as "submission to God" which either prohibits or is highly critical of the role of human authority.
Anarchists have traditionally been skeptical of or vehemently opposed to organized religion.
Archbishop Anastasios of Tirana, Durrës and All Albania (secular name: Anastasios Yannoulatos (Αναστάσιος Γιαννουλάτος, Anastas Janullatos); born 4 November 1929) is the Archbishop of Tirana, Durrës and All Albania and as such the primate and Head of the Holy Synod of the Autocephalous Orthodox Church of Albania.
Anbay is a pre-Islamic deity who was originally worshipped in Qataban, in what is now southern Arabia.
Ancient Egypt was a civilization of ancient Northeastern Africa, concentrated along the lower reaches of the Nile River - geographically Lower Egypt and Upper Egypt, in the place that is now occupied by the countries of Egypt and Sudan.
Ancient Greek philosophy arose in the 6th century BC and continued throughout the Hellenistic period and the period in which Ancient Greece was part of the Roman Empire.
Ancient history is the aggregate of past events, "History" from the beginning of recorded human history and extending as far as the Early Middle Ages or the post-classical history.
Ancient Judaism (Das antike Judentum), is a book written by Max Weber, a German economist and sociologist, in early the 20th century.
Mesopotamian religion refers to the religious beliefs and practices of the civilizations of ancient Mesopotamia, particularly Sumer, Akkad, Assyria and Babylonia between circa 3500 BC and 400 AD, after which they largely gave way to Syriac Christianity.
During the growth of the ancient civilizations, ancient technology was the result from advances in engineering in ancient times.
"And the Rock Cried Out, No Hiding Place" is an episode from the third season of the science fiction television series Babylon 5.
Andalusia (Andalucía) is an autonomous community in southern Spain.
The Andaman and Nicobar Islands, one of the seven union territories of India, are a group of islands at the juncture of the Bay of Bengal and Andaman Sea.
The Andaman Islands form an archipelago in the Bay of Bengal between India, to the west, and Myanmar, to the north and east.
Andhra Pradesh is one of the 29 states of India.
André Glucksmann (19 June 1937 – 10 November 2015) was a French philosopher, activist and writer.
Andrea Armstrong (born May 18, 1982) is an American who is a former NCAA basketball player.
Andrew Lawrence Rippin, (16 May 1950 in London, England – 29 November 2016) was a Canadian scholar of Islam.
Andrew van der Bijl (born 11 May 1928 in Sint Pancras, the Netherlands), known in English-speaking countries as Andrew van der Bijl or Brother Andrew, is a Christian missionary noted for his exploits smuggling Bibles to communist countries in the height of the Cold War, a feat that has earned him the nickname "God's smuggler." Van der Bijl studied at the WEC Missionary Training College in Glasgow, Scotland.
Andrey Vitalievich Korotayev (Андре́й Вита́льевич Корота́ев; born 17 February 1961) is a Russian anthropologist, economic historian, comparative political scientist, demographer and sociologist, with major contributions to world-systems theory, cross-cultural studies, Near Eastern history, Big History, and mathematical modelling of social and economic macrodynamics.
Andronikos III Palaiologos (Ανδρόνικος Γʹ Παλαιολόγος; 25 March 1297 – 15 June 1341), commonly Latinized as Andronicus III Palaeologus, was Byzantine emperor from 1328 to 1341.
Andrott Island (ആന്ധ്രോത് ദ്വീപ്), also known as Androth Island, is a small inhabited island in the Union Territory of Lakshadweep, a group of 36 coral islands scattered in the Arabian Sea off the western coast of India It has a distance of south of the city of Delhi.
Andwil is a municipality in the Wahlkreis (constituency) of St. Gallen in the canton of St. Gallen in Switzerland.
Angat is a first class partially urban municipality in the province of Bulacan, Philippines.
In Islam, Angels (Arabic: ملاك; plural: ملاًئِكة mala'ikah) are celestial beings, created from a luminious origin by God to perform certain tasks he has given them.
Angham Mohamed Ali Suleiman (أنغام محمد علي سليمان) (born 19 January 1972) is an Egyptian singer, record producer and actress.
Angkatan Belia Islam Malaysia (ABIM) or the Muslim Youth Movement of Malaysia is an Islamic organisation founded on 6 August 1971 by Ustaz Abdul Wahab Zakaria.
The term Anglo-Indians can refer to at least two groups of people: those with mixed Indian and British ancestry, and people of British descent born or living in the Indian subcontinent.
The Angoche Sultanate was established in 1485 along an archipelago off the Northern Mozambique coastline.
Anhui is a province of the People's Republic of China located in the eastern region of the country.
Kristiani Herrawati (born 6 July 1952), commonly known as Ani Yudhoyono, is the wife of former Indonesian President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono and First Lady of Indonesia from 2004 until 2014.
Anières is a municipality in the canton of Geneva in Switzerland.
Aniconism is the absence of material representations of the natural and supernatural world in various cultures, particularly in the monotheistic Abrahamic religions.
Aniconism is a proscription in Islam against the creation of images of sentient beings.
Anila Baig (born 1970) is a British Pakistani Muslim Feature Writer at The Sun.
Animal slaughter is the killing of animals, usually referring to killing domestic livestock.
The Animals in War Memorial is a war memorial in Hyde Park, London.
Anis Nagi (born 1939-died 2010) was a Pakistani poet, novelist and critic.
Anita McNaught (born 1965) is a journalist, television correspondent and former presenter, based in Istanbul in Turkey.
Anjem Choudary (Urdu:; born 18 January 1967) is a British Islamist social and political activist convicted of inviting support for a proscribed organisation, namely the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, under the Terrorism Act 2000.
The Anjuman Sunnat-ul-Jamaat Association (ASJA) was founded in 1936.
The Anlo Ewe are a sub-group of the Ewe people of approximately 6 million people, inhabiting southern Togo, southern Benin, southwest Nigeria, and south-eastern parts of the Volta Region of Ghana; meanwhile, a majority of Ewe are located in the entire southern half of Togo and southwest Benin.
Ann Katharine Swynford Lambton, (8 February 1912 – 19 July 2008), usually known as A.K.S. Lambton or "Nancy" Lambton, was a British historian and expert on medieval and early modern Persian history, Persian language, Islamic political theory, and Persian social organisation.
Ann Summers is a British multinational retailer company specialising in sex toys and lingerie, with over 140 high street stores in the UK, Ireland, and the Channel Islands. In 2000, Ann Summers acquired the Knickerbox brand, a label with an emphasis on more comfortable and feminine underwear, while the Ann Summers-labelled products tend to be more erotic in style. The chain had an annual turnover of £117.3 million in 2007-2008.
Annam (An Nam or Trung Kỳ, alternate spelling: Anam) was a French protectorate encompassing the central region of Vietnam.
Annemarie Schimmel (7 April 1922 – 26 January 2003) was an influential German Orientalist and scholar who wrote extensively on Islam and Sufism.
Annie Dillard (born April 30, 1945) is an American author, best known for her narrative prose in both fiction and non-fiction.
Annulment is a legal procedure within secular and religious legal systems for declaring a marriage null and void.
Anṣâr (meaning aiders, or patrons) refer to a class of warriors who are renowned for their arsenal of weapons and for their speed and mobility on the battlefield.
Antalya Province (Antalya ili) is located on the Mediterranean coast of south-west Turkey, between the Taurus Mountains and the Mediterranean sea. Antalya Province is the centre of Turkey's tourism industry, attracting 30% of foreign tourists visiting Turkey. It was the world's third most visited city by number of international arrivals in 2011, displacing New York. Antalya is Turkey's biggest international sea resort. The province of Antalya corresponds to the lands of ancient Pamphylia to the east and Lycia to the west. It features a shoreline of with beaches, ports, and ancient cities scattered throughout, including the World Heritage Site Xanthos. The provincial capital is Antalya city with a population of 1,001,318. Antalya is the fastest-growing province in Turkey; with a 4.17% yearly population growth rate between years 1990–2000, compared with the national rate of 1.83%. This growth is due to a fast rate of urbanization, particularly driven by tourism and other service sectors on the coast.
Ante Starčević (23 May 1823 – 28 February 1896), was a Croatian politician and writer.
Anthony Mundine (born 21 May 1975) is an Australian professional boxer and former rugby league footballer.
Anti-Arabism, Anti-Arab sentiment or Arabophobia is opposition to, or dislike, fear, hatred, and advocacy of genocide of Arab people.
Anti-Hindu sentiment is a negative perception or any sentiment against the practice and practitioners of Hinduism.
Anti-LGBT rhetoric and anti-gay slogans are themes, catchphrases, and slogans that have been used against homosexuality or other non-heterosexual sexual orientations and to demean lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people.
Anti-Masonry (alternatively called Anti-Freemasonry) is defined as "avowed opposition to Freemasonry".
Anti-Turkism, also known as Turkophobia or anti-Turkish sentiment, is hostility, intolerance, or racism against Turkish or Turkic people, Turkish culture, Turkic countries, or Turkey itself.
Antigua and Barbuda is a sovereign state in the West Indies in the Americas, lying between the Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean.
Antioch in Pisidia – alternatively Antiochia in Pisidia or Pisidian Antioch (Ἀντιόχεια τῆς Πισιδίας) and in Roman Empire, Latin: Antiochia Caesareia or Antiochia Colonia Caesarea – is a city in the Turkish Lakes Region, which is at the crossroads of the Mediterranean, Aegean and Central Anatolian regions, and formerly on the border of Pisidia and Phrygia, hence also known as Antiochia in Phrygia.
Antireligion is opposition to religion of any kind.
Antiscience is a position that rejects science and the scientific method.
Antisemitism (also spelled anti-Semitism or anti-semitism) is hostility to, prejudice, or discrimination against Jews.
Antisemitism in the Arab world increased greatly in the 20th century, for several reasons: the breakdown of the Ottoman Empire and traditional Islamic society; European influence, brought about by Western imperialism and Arab Christians; Nazi propaganda;Yadlin, Rifka.
Anton Medan, birth name Tan Hok Liang (October10, 1957), born in Tebing Tinggi, is an Indonesian former robber and gambling tycoon who converted to Islam and became a preacher in 1992.
Antonio Santosuosso (1936-12 July 2014) was a Professor Emeritus of History at the University of Western Ontario in London, Ontario.
Antony Garrard Newton Flew (11 February 1923 – 8 April 2010) was an English philosopher.
Anusim (אֲנוּסִים,; singular male, Anús, אָנוּס; singular female, Anusáh,, meaning "Coerced") is a legal category of Jews in halakha (Jewish law) who were forced to abandon Judaism against their will, typically while forcibly converted to another religion.
Anwar al-Awlaki (also spelled al-Aulaqi, al-Awlaqi; أنور العولقي Anwar al-‘Awlaqī; April 21, 1971 – September 30, 2011) was a Yemeni-American Islamist militiant, preacher, and imam.
Anwar Hussain (born 1 April 1947) is a member of the 14th Lok Sabha of India.
Anwar Kharral is a fictional character in the television series Skins portrayed by Dev Patel.
Muhammad Anwar el-Sadat (محمد أنور السادات, Egyptian muħæmmæd ˈʔɑnwɑɾ essæˈdæːt; 25 December 1918 – 6 October 1981) was the third President of Egypt, serving from 15 October 1970 until his assassination by fundamentalist army officers on 6 October 1981.
Mohammad Anwar Shaikh (1 June 1928 – 25 November 2006; popularly known as Anwar Shaikh) was a Pakistani-born British author, who spent much of his adult life in the United Kingdom, dying in Cardiff, Wales.
Anwar ul-Haq Ahady (August 12, 1951) is a politician in Afghanistan, formerly serving as Afghan Minister of Commerce and Industry.
Anwaruddin Khan (1672 – 3 August 1749), a.k.a. Muhammad Anwaruddin, was the 1st Nawab of Arcot of the second Dynasty.
Anwil is a municipality in the district of Sissach in the canton of Basel-Country in Switzerland.
Apala (or Akpala) is a musical genre, originally derived from the Yoruba people of Nigeria.
An aphorism (from Greek ἀφορισμός: aphorismos, denoting "delimitation", "distinction", and "definition") is a concise, terse, laconic, and/or memorable expression of a general truth or principle.
Mohammad Apisai Vuniyayawa Tora (born January 1934) is a former Fijian politician, soldier, and trade unionist.
Apophatic theology, also known as negative theology, is a form of theological thinking and religious practice which attempts to approach God, the Divine, by negation, to speak only in terms of what may not be said about the perfect goodness that is God.
Apostasy (ἀποστασία apostasia, "a defection or revolt") is the formal disaffiliation from, or abandonment or renunciation of a religion by a person.
Apostasy in Islam (ردة or ارتداد) is commonly defined as the conscious abandonment of Islam by a Muslim in word or through deed.
In Judaism, apostasy refers to the rejection of Judaism and possible defection to another religion by a Jew.
The Apostolic Vicariate (or Vicariate Apostolic) of Southern Arabia (Vicariatus Apostolicus Arabiæ Meridionalis) is a Roman Catholic apostolic vicariate located in the United Arab Emirates.
Appenzell District is a district of the canton of Appenzell Innerrhoden in Switzerland.
Apples is a municipality in the district of Morges in the canton of Vaud in Switzerland.
An apsara, also spelled as apsaras by the Oxford Dictionary (respective plurals apsaras and apsarases), is a female spirit of the clouds and waters in Hindu culture.
Akik or aqiq means quartz, however usually refers to the chalcedony variant of quartz.
Aqidah (ʿaqīdah, plural عقائد ʿaqāʾid, also rendered ʿaqīda, aqeeda etc.) is an Islamic term meaning "creed" p. 470.
Abu 'l-Abbas Muhammad ibn Ja'far al-Muqtadir (أبو العباس محمد بن جعفر المقتدر) (December 909 – 23 December 940), usually simply known by his regnal name al-Radi bi-llah (الراضي بالله, "Content with God"), was the 20th Abbasid Caliph, reigning (rather than ruling) in Baghdad from 934 to his death.
Ar-Rashid (1109 – 6 June 1138) (الراشد) was the Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad from 1135 to 1136.
Arab Americans (عَرَبٌ أَمْرِيكِيُّونَ or أمريكيون من أصل عربي) are Americans of Arab ethnic, cultural and linguistic heritage or identity, who identify themselves as Arab.
Arab Brazilians are Brazilian citizens of Arab ethnic, cultural, linguistic heritage and identity.
Arab Canadians come from all of the countries of the Arab world.
Arab Christians (مسيحيون عرب Masīḥiyyūn ʿArab) are Arabs of the Christian faith.
Arab citizens of Israel, or Arab Israelis, are Israeli citizens whose primary language or linguistic heritage is Arabic. Many identify as Palestinian and commonly self-designate themselves as Palestinian citizens of Israel or Israeli Palestinians.See the terminology and self-identification sections for an extended discussion of the various terms used to refer to this population. The traditional vernacular of most Arab citizens, irrespective of religion, is the Palestinian dialect of Arabic. Most Arab citizens of Israel are functionally bilingual, their second language being Modern Hebrew. By religious affiliation, most are Muslim, particularly of the Sunni branch of Islam. There is a significant Arab Christian minority from various denominations as well as the Druze, among other religious communities. According to Israel's Central Bureau of Statistics, the Arab population in 2013 was estimated at 1,658,000, representing 20.7% of the country's population. The majority of these identify themselves as Arab or Palestinian by nationality and Israeli by citizenship.. "The issue of terminology relating to this subject is sensitive and at least partially a reflection of political preferences. Most Israeli official documents refer to the Israeli Arab community as "minorities". The Israeli National Security Council (NSC) has used the term "Arab citizens of Israel". Virtually all political parties, movements and non-governmental organisations from within the Arab community use the word "Palestinian" somewhere in their description – at times failing to make any reference to Israel. For consistency of reference and without prejudice to the position of either side, ICG will use both Arab Israeli and terms the community commonly uses to describe itself, such as Palestinian citizens of Israel or Palestinian Arab citizens of Israel."An IDI Guttman Study of 2008 shows that most Arab citiens of Israel identify as Arabs (45%). While 24% consider themselves Palestinian, 12% consider themselves Israelis, and 19% identify themselves according to religion. Arab citizens of Israel mostly live in Arab-majority towns and cities; with eight of Israel's ten poorest cities being Arab. The vast majority attend separate schools to Jewish Israelis, and Arab political parties have never joined a government coalition. Many have family ties to Palestinians in the West Bank and Gaza Strip as well as to Palestinian refugees in Jordan, Syria and Lebanon. Negev Bedouins and the Druze tend to identify more as Israelis than other Arab citizens of Israel. Most of the Arabs living in East Jerusalem and the Golan Heights, occupied by Israel in the Six-Day War of 1967 and later annexed, were offered Israeli citizenship, but most have refused, not wanting to recognize Israel's claim to sovereignty. They became permanent residents instead. They have the right to apply for citizenship, are entitled to municipal services and have municipal voting rights.
Arab cuisine (مطبخ عربي) is the cuisine of the Arabs, defined as the various regional cuisines spanning the Arab world, from the Maghreb to the Fertile Crescent and the Arabian Peninsula.
Arab culture is the culture of the Arabs, from the Atlantic Ocean in the west to the Arabian Sea in the east, and from the Mediterranean Sea.
Arab diaspora refers to descendants of the Arab immigrants who, voluntarily or as refugees, emigrated from their native lands to non-Arab countries, primarily in South America, Europe, North America, and parts of South Asia, Southeast Asia, the Caribbean, and West Africa.
The Arab Federation of Iraq and Jordan was a short-lived country that was formed in 1958 from the union of Iraq and Jordan.
The Arab Islamic Republic (الجمهورية العربية الإسلامية) was a proposed unification of Tunisia and Libya in 1974, agreed upon by Libyan head of state Muammar Gaddafi and Tunisian President Habib Bourguiba.
Arab Jews (اليهود العرب; יהודים ערבים) is a term referring to Jews living in the Arab World.
The Arab League (الجامعة العربية), formally the League of Arab States (جامعة الدول العربية), is a regional organization of Arab states in and around North Africa, the Horn of Africa and Arabia.
Arab League–Iran relations refer to political, economic and cultural relations between the mostly Shia Muslim and ethnically Persian country of Iran (Persia) and the mostly Sunni and ethnically Arab organization Arab League.
The majority of the Arabs in Singapore are Hadhramis tracing their ancestry from the southern part of the Arabian Peninsula called Hadhramaut, which is now part of the Republic of Yemen.
The Arab world (العالم العربي; formally: Arab homeland, الوطن العربي), also known as the Arab nation (الأمة العربية) or the Arab states, currently consists of the 22 Arab countries of the Arab League.
The arabesque is a form of artistic decoration consisting of "surface decorations based on rhythmic linear patterns of scrolling and interlacing foliage, tendrils" or plain lines, often combined with other elements.
The Arabian Desert is a vast desert wilderness in Western Asia.
The Arabian or Arab horse (الحصان العربي, DMG ḥiṣān ʿarabī) is a breed of horse that originated on the Arabian Peninsula.
The Arabian ostrich or Syrian ostrich (Struthio camelus syriacus) is an extinct subspecies of the ostrich that lived on the Arabian Peninsula and in the Near East until the mid-20th century.
The Arabian Peninsula, simplified Arabia (شِبْهُ الْجَزِيرَةِ الْعَرَبِيَّة, ‘Arabian island’ or جَزِيرَةُ الْعَرَب, ‘Island of the Arabs’), is a peninsula of Western Asia situated northeast of Africa on the Arabian plate.
Arabic (العَرَبِيَّة) or (عَرَبِيّ) or) is a Central Semitic language that first emerged in Iron Age northwestern Arabia and is now the lingua franca of the Arab world. It is named after the Arabs, a term initially used to describe peoples living from Mesopotamia in the east to the Anti-Lebanon mountains in the west, in northwestern Arabia, and in the Sinai peninsula. Arabic is classified as a macrolanguage comprising 30 modern varieties, including its standard form, Modern Standard Arabic, which is derived from Classical Arabic. As the modern written language, Modern Standard Arabic is widely taught in schools and universities, and is used to varying degrees in workplaces, government, and the media. The two formal varieties are grouped together as Literary Arabic (fuṣḥā), which is the official language of 26 states and the liturgical language of Islam. Modern Standard Arabic largely follows the grammatical standards of Classical Arabic and uses much of the same vocabulary. However, it has discarded some grammatical constructions and vocabulary that no longer have any counterpart in the spoken varieties, and has adopted certain new constructions and vocabulary from the spoken varieties. Much of the new vocabulary is used to denote concepts that have arisen in the post-classical era, especially in modern times. During the Middle Ages, Literary Arabic was a major vehicle of culture in Europe, especially in science, mathematics and philosophy. As a result, many European languages have also borrowed many words from it. Arabic influence, mainly in vocabulary, is seen in European languages, mainly Spanish and to a lesser extent Portuguese, Valencian and Catalan, owing to both the proximity of Christian European and Muslim Arab civilizations and 800 years of Arabic culture and language in the Iberian Peninsula, referred to in Arabic as al-Andalus. Sicilian has about 500 Arabic words as result of Sicily being progressively conquered by Arabs from North Africa, from the mid 9th to mid 10th centuries. Many of these words relate to agriculture and related activities (Hull and Ruffino). Balkan languages, including Greek and Bulgarian, have also acquired a significant number of Arabic words through contact with Ottoman Turkish. Arabic has influenced many languages around the globe throughout its history. Some of the most influenced languages are Persian, Turkish, Spanish, Urdu, Kashmiri, Kurdish, Bosnian, Kazakh, Bengali, Hindi, Malay, Maldivian, Indonesian, Pashto, Punjabi, Tagalog, Sindhi, and Hausa, and some languages in parts of Africa. Conversely, Arabic has borrowed words from other languages, including Greek and Persian in medieval times, and contemporary European languages such as English and French in modern times. Classical Arabic is the liturgical language of 1.8 billion Muslims and Modern Standard Arabic is one of six official languages of the United Nations. All varieties of Arabic combined are spoken by perhaps as many as 422 million speakers (native and non-native) in the Arab world, making it the fifth most spoken language in the world. Arabic is written with the Arabic alphabet, which is an abjad script and is written from right to left, although the spoken varieties are sometimes written in ASCII Latin from left to right with no standardized orthography.
Arabic Afrikaans (Arabiese Afrikaans, اَرابيسي اَفريكانس) was a form of Afrikaans that was written in Arabic script.
Arabic epic literature encompasses epic poetry and epic fantasy in Arabic literature.
Arabic literature (الأدب العربي / ALA-LC: al-Adab al-‘Arabī) is the writing, both prose and poetry, produced by writers in the Arabic language.
Arabic music or Arab music (Arabic: الموسيقى العربية – ALA-LC) is the music of the Arab people.
Arabic poetry (الشعر العربي ash-shi‘ru al-‘Arabīyyu) is the earliest form of Arabic literature.
Arabic pop music or Arab pop is a subgenre of Pop music and Arabic music.
The Arabic script is the writing system used for writing Arabic and several other languages of Asia and Africa, such as Azerbaijani, Pashto, Persian, Kurdish, Lurish, Urdu, Mandinka, and others.
An Arabist is someone normally from outside the Arab world who specialises in the study of the Arabic language and culture (usually including Arabic literature).
Arabization or Arabisation (تعريب) describes either the conquest and/or colonization of a non-Arab area and growing Arab influence on non-Arab populations, causing a language shift by their gradual adoption of the Arabic language and/or their incorporation of Arab culture, Arab identity.
Arabs (عَرَب ISO 233, Arabic pronunciation) are a population inhabiting the Arab world.
Filpinos with Arab background comprise around 31,000 of the national population.
Arachosia is the Hellenized name of an ancient satrapy in the eastern part of the Achaemenid, Seleucid, Parthian, Greco-Bactrian, and Indo-Scythian empires.
Arad Fort (قلعة عراد, Qal'at 'Arad) is a 15th-century fort in Arad, Bahrain.
Aragon (or, Spanish and Aragón, Aragó or) is an autonomous community in Spain, coextensive with the medieval Kingdom of Aragon.
The Arain (آرائیں) are a Pakistani tribe who are found mainly in the provinces of Punjab and Sindh.
During World War II, Japanese forces invaded Burma, then under British colonial rule.
Arakkonam is a municipality town in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu, with a population of about 78,395 as per the census 2011. This town is located in the Vellore District about (via rail) from the state capital of Chennai. Arakkonam is one of the hottest towns in India, where the temperature can exceed 43 °C (110 °F) for several peak days in the summer. As of 2011, the town had a population of 78,395. It is considered a part of the Chennai Metropolitan Region.
Aram is a region mentioned in the Bible located in present-day central Syria, including where the city of Aleppo now stands.
Aram Shah was the second sultan of the Mamluk dynasty of the Delhi Sultanate.
Aranthangi is a town and a historical municipality in Pudukkottai district in the state of Tamil Nadu, India.
Nawab Arastu Yar Jung (10 June 1858 – 25 March 1940)(Arabic: نواب أرسطو يار جنك) was a Hyderabadi Surgeon.
Arbaz is a municipality in the district of Sion in the canton of Valais in Switzerland.
Arbi Alautdinovich Barayev (Арби Алаутдинович Бараев; 27 May 1974 – 22 June 2001) was a Chechen warlord, who in 1996 became the founder and first leader of the Special Purpose Islamic Regiment (SPIR) in Chechnya.
In the Halo science fiction universe, the Arbiter is a ceremonial, religious, and political rank bestowed upon alien Covenant Elites.
Arboldswil is a municipality in the district of Waldenburg in the canton of Basel-Country in Switzerland.
Arbon is a historic and statistic town and a municipality and district capital of the district of Arbon in the canton of Thurgau in Switzerland.
Arch is a municipality in the Seeland administrative district in the canton of Bern in Switzerland.
The archaeology of Israel is the study of the archaeology of the present-day Israel, stretching from prehistory through three millennia of documented history.
An archangel is an angel of high rank.
The Archbishop of Petra was established during the Crusader era and served the diocese of Palaestrina III, the Oultrejordain area, and traditionally included Saint Catherine's Monastery on Mount Sinai, although Crusader protection rarely extended that far.
In some Occult and similar writings, an archdemon (also spelled archdaemon) is a spiritual entity, prominent in the infernal hierarchy as a leader of demons.
The architecture of Africa, like other aspects of the culture of Africa, is exceptionally diverse.
Chennai architecture is a confluence of many architectural styles.
The architecture of Indonesia reflects the diversity of cultural, historical and geographic influences that have shaped Indonesia as a whole.
Arconciel is a municipality in the district of Sarine in the canton of Fribourg in Switzerland.
Nawabs of the Carnatic (also referred to as the Nawabs of Arcot) ruled the Carnatic region of South India between about 1690 and 1801.
Arcot is a town and urban of Vellore city in the state of Tamil Nadu, India.
Ardashir I or Ardeshir I (Middle Persian:, New Persian: اردشیر بابکان, Ardashir-e Bābakān), also known as Ardashir the Unifier (180–242 AD), was the founder of the Sasanian Empire.
Ardeshir Zahedi, GCVO (اردشیر زاهدی; born 16 October 1928) is a former Iranian diplomat who served as the country's foreign minister (1966-1971) and its ambassador to the United States and the United Kingdom during the 1960s and 1970s.
Ardon is a municipality in the district of Conthey in the canton of Valais in Switzerland.
Arghun Khan a.k.a. Argon (Mongolian Cyrillic: Аргун хан; c. 1258 – 7 March 1291) was the fourth ruler of the Mongol empire's Ilkhanate, from 1284 to 1291.
The argument from inconsistent revelations, also known as the avoiding the wrong hell problem, is an argument against the existence of God.
Ariana Afghanistan TV (Persian: آریانا افغانستان تلویزیون) is a satellite television channel based in Irvine, California, United States, with branches in Hamburg and Kabul.
Arief Budiman (born Soe Hok Djin; January 3, 1941), is the older brother of Soe Hok Gie.
Arisdorf is a municipality in the district of Liestal in the canton of Basel-Country in Switzerland.
Arithmetic (from the Greek ἀριθμός arithmos, "number") is a branch of mathematics that consists of the study of numbers, especially the properties of the traditional operations on them—addition, subtraction, multiplication and division.
Ariyalur is a town and district headquarters of Ariyalur district in the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu and rich lime stone and surrounded with five cement factory and two sugar factory.
Arkansas is a state in the southeastern region of the United States, home to over 3 million people as of 2017.
Arlesheim is a statistic town and a municipality in the district of Arlesheim in the canton of Basel-Country in Switzerland.
Arlesheim District is one of the five districts of the largely German-speaking canton of Basel-Country, Switzerland.
Armand-Pierre Caussin de Perceval (1795–1871) was a French orientalist.
Giorgio Armani S.P.A. is an Italian fashion house founded by Giorgio Armani which designs, manufactures, distributes and retails haute couture, ready-to-wear, leather goods, shoes, watches, jewelry, accessories, eyewear, cosmetics and home interiors.
Armenia–Turkey relations are officially non-existent and have historically been hostile.
The Armenian Genocide (Հայոց ցեղասպանություն, Hayots tseghaspanutyun), also known as the Armenian Holocaust, was the Ottoman government's systematic extermination of 1.5 million Armenians, mostly citizens within the Ottoman Empire.
Armenian–Kurdish relations covers the historical relations between the Kurds and the Armenians.
Armenians (арменци, armentsi) are the fifth largest minority, after Russians, in Bulgaria, numbering 6,552 according to the 2011 census, down from 10,832 in 2001, while Armenian organizations estimate up to 22,000.
Armor and Sturtevant were an American husband and wife musical and recording artist duo that existed from 1991 to 2005.
Arnaudija Mosque, built in 1594, was a large mosque in Banja Luka, Bosnia and Herzegovina before it was destroyed by the Army of Republika Srpska on 7 May 1993.
Arnex-sur-Nyon is a municipality in the district of Nyon in the canton of Vaud in Switzerland.
Arnex-sur-Orbe is a municipality in the Swiss canton of Vaud, located in the district of Jura-Nord Vaudois.
Arni is a municipality in the Bern-Mittelland administrative district in the canton of Bern in Switzerland.
Arni is a town and a municipality in Tiruvanamalai district in the state of Tamil Nadu, India.
Around the World in 80 Treasures is a 10 episode art and travel documentary series by the BBC, presented by Dan Cruickshank, and originally aired in February, March, and April 2005.
Arran (Middle Persian form), also known as Aran, Ardhan (in Parthian), Al-Ran (in Arabic), Aghvank and Alvank (in Armenian), (რანი-Ran-i) or Caucasian Albania (in Latin), was a geographical name used in ancient and medieval times to signify the territory which lies within the triangle of land, lowland in the east and mountainous in the west, formed by the junction of Kura and Aras rivers, including the highland and lowland Karabakh, Mil plain and parts of the Mughan plain, and in the pre-Islamic times, corresponded roughly to the territory of modern-day Republic of Azerbaijan.
Arsu was the Semitic goddess worshipped mainly in Syrian Palmyra.
The Art Gallery of Western Australia (AGWA) is a public State art gallery that is part of the Perth Cultural Centre, in Perth, Western Australia.
Arth is a village, a statistic town, and a municipality in Schwyz District in the canton of Schwyz in Switzerland.
Arthur Llewellyn Basham (24 May 1914 – 27 January 1986) was a noted historian and Indologist and author of a number of books.
Arthur Stanley Tritton, D. Litt. (February 25, 1881 – November 8, 1973) was a British historian and scholar of Islam.
Article 10 of the Constitution of Malaysia guarantees Malaysian citizens the right to freedom of speech, freedom of assembly and freedom of association.
Arts and entertainment in India have had their course shaped by a synthesis of indigenous and foreign influences that have consequently shaped the course of the arts of the rest of Asia, since ancient times.
Arts by region.
Arumanoor (അറുമാനൂർ) is a village on the banks of the river Meenachil in Kerala, India.
Arunachal Pradesh ("the land of dawn-lit mountains") is one of the 29 states of India and is the northeastern-most state of the country.
Aruppukottai is a town and a municipality in Virudhunagar district in the state of Tamil Nadu, India.
Arusha is a city in north eastern Tanzania and the capital of the Arusha Region, with a population of 416,442 plus 323,198 in the surrounding Arusha District (2012 census).
Arwa bint Kurayz (أروى بنت كريز) was the mother of Uthman ibn Affan, a companion of the Islamic prophet Muhammad, and the third of the Sunni Rashidun or "Rightly Guided Caliphs".
The Arya Samaj was the first religious, cultural and educational Fiji Indian organisation established in Fiji.
Aryan Nations is an anti-Semitic, neo-Nazi, white supremacist religious organization originally based in Hayden, Idaho.
Arzen was a small Muslim emirate created c. 820.
Arzier-Le Muids is a municipality in the district of Nyon in the canton of Vaud in Switzerland.