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Technologies, Zenica, Zeno brothers, Zeppelin mail, Zeppelin NT, Zeppole, Zermatt, Zernez, Zero tolerance, Zig zag (railway), Zimnicea, Zine, Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, Zinfandel, Zita, Zizi Roberts, Zlatko Baloković, Zlín, Znojmo, Zoe Karbonopsina, Zollino, Zorro, Zucchero Fornaciari, Zucchini, Zula, Zuppa alla modenese, Zveno, Zwingenberg, Hesse, Zyklon, .455 Webley, .it, .st, 100 BC, 1000, 1000s (decade), 1000s BC (decade), 1014, 104 BC, 1042, 1056, 1072, 1087, 10th century, 10th Mountain Division, 10th Princess Mary's Own Gurkha Rifles, 1100, 1110, 113 (number), 115 (number), 1160, 117, 117 (number), 118 (number), 11th century, 11th century BC, 12-hour clock, 1222, 1231, 1232, 1237, 125, 1250, 1251, 126 film, 1270s, 1271, 1274, 1289, 13 (number), 1300, 131, 131 Vala, 1318, 133 (number), 133 BC, 1374, 1378, 13th century, 1426, 1438, 1446, 1455, 1462, 1472, 1473, 14th century, 15 BC, 1501, 1502, 1527, 1544, 1552, 1560, 1572 in science, 1574, 1575, 1583, 1589, 159 Aemilia, 1591 in science, 1595 in art, 15th Army Group, 15th century, 15th Expeditionary Mobility Task Force, 1610s in architecture, 1627, 1630 in science, 1638 in science, 1649, 1654 in art, 1664, 1664 in literature, 167 BC, 1690, 1694 in science, 1695 in science, 16th Air Expeditionary Task Force, 16th century, 170, 1707 in science, 171 BC, 1711 in science, 1712 in science, 1714 in science, 1718 in music, 1731, 1737 in science, 1756, 177 BC, 1778 in science, 1787 in art, 1797, 1800, 1801 in science, 183 BC, 1839 in art, 1840 in rail transport, 1840s, 1843, 1846 in rail transport, 1846 in science, 1857 in music, 1857 in rail transport, 1860s, 1861 in music, 1869 in rail transport, 1870 in art, 1870s, 1871 in rail transport, 1873 in art, 1880 in music, 1881 in rail transport, 1885 in rail transport, 1889 in architecture, 1889 in rail transport, 1889 in science, 1890 in art, 1891 in rail transport, 18XX, 1900 (film), 1902 in rail transport, 1906 in rail transport, 1907 in art, 1908, 1908 in aviation, 1908 Summer Olympics, 1909 in aviation, 1910 in aviation, 1910 in rail transport, 1911 in aviation, 1912 in aviation, 1914 in aviation, 1915, 1915 in aviation, 1917 in aviation, 1918 in aviation, 1919 in aviation, 1920 in aviation, 1920 in France, 1921 in aviation, 1921 in Germany, 1921 in Greece, 1922, 1922 in aviation, 1922 in France, 1922 in Germany, 1922 in the United Kingdom, 1923 in aviation, 1924 in aviation, 1924 in rail transport, 1924 Summer Olympics, 1925 in aviation, 1926, 1926 in aviation, 1926 United Kingdom general strike, 1927 in aviation, 1928 in aviation, 1928 Summer Olympics, 1929, 1929 in aviation, 1929 in sports, 1930 in aviation, 1930 in sports, 1931 in architecture, 1931 in Ireland, 1932 Winter Olympics, 1933 in aviation, 1934 FIFA World Cup, 1934 in aviation, 1934 in sports, 1935 in aviation, 1935 in Canada, 1936 in aviation, 1937 in aviation, 1938 in aviation, 1938 in rail transport, 1939 in aviation, 194 BC, 1940 in aviation, 1940 in Canada, 1940 in science, 1941 in aviation, 1942 in aviation, 1943 in aviation, 1944 in aviation, 1944 in Canada, 1944 in rail transport, 1944 Summer Olympics, 1945 in music, 1946, 1946 in aviation, 1948 in aviation, 1949 in aviation, 1950 in rail transport, 1950 Italian Grand Prix, 1951 in aviation, 1951 Italian Grand Prix, 1952 in aviation, 1952 in music, 1952 Italian Grand Prix, 1953 in aviation, 1953 in sports, 1953 Italian Grand Prix, 1954 in aviation, 1954 in television, 1954 Italian Grand Prix, 1955, 1955 in aviation, 1955 in rail transport, 1955 Italian Grand Prix, 1956, 1956 in art, 1956 Italian Grand Prix, 1956 Winter Olympics, 1956 Winter Olympics medal table, 1957 in aviation, 1957 Italian Grand Prix, 1957 Pescara Grand Prix, 1958 in aviation, 1958 in music, 1958 Italian Grand Prix, 1959 in aviation, 1959 Italian Grand Prix, 1959 United States Grand Prix, 1960 Italian Grand Prix, 1960 Summer Olympics, 1960 Summer Olympics medal table, 1960 Summer Paralympics, 1961 in television, 1961 Italian Grand Prix, 1962 Italian Grand Prix, 1963 in aviation, 1963 Italian Grand Prix, 1964 in aviation, 1964 Italian Grand Prix, 1965 in film, 1965 Italian Grand Prix, 1966 British Empire and Commonwealth Games, 1966 British Grand Prix, 1966 in aviation, 1966 Italian Grand Prix, 1967 in art, 1967 Italian Grand Prix, 1968 in aviation, 1968 Italian Grand Prix, 1969 in aviation, 1969 in film, 1969 Italian Grand Prix, 197, 1970, 1970 in aviation, 1970 Italian Grand Prix, 1971 in aviation, 1971 Italian Grand Prix, 1972 in architecture, 1972 in aviation, 1972 Summer Olympics, 1973 Italian Grand Prix, 1974 in aviation, 1974 Italian Grand Prix, 1976 in film, 1976 Italian Grand Prix, 1977 in aviation, 1979 in aviation, 1980 in aviation, 1980 in rail transport, 1980 Italian Grand Prix, 1980s, 1981 in aviation, 1981 San Marino Grand Prix, 1982, 1982 in aviation, 1982 San Marino Grand Prix, 1983 in aviation, 1983 San Marino Grand Prix, 1984 Belgian Grand Prix, 1984 in aviation, 1984 San Marino Grand Prix, 1985 Helsinki Protocol on the Reduction of Sulphur Emissions, 1985 in aviation, 1985 Rome and Vienna airport attacks, 1985 San Marino Grand Prix, 1986 in aviation, 1986 San Marino Grand Prix, 1986 United States bombing of Libya, 1987 San Marino Grand Prix, 1987 World Championships in Athletics, 1988 in film, 1988 Italian Grand Prix, 1988 San Marino Grand Prix, 1989 in rail transport, 1989 Italian Grand Prix, 1989 San Marino Grand Prix, 1990 Commonwealth Games, 1990 French Grand Prix, 1990 in rail transport, 1990 Italian Grand Prix, 1990 San Marino Grand Prix, 1990s in music, 1991, 1991 in aviation, 1991 Italian Grand Prix, 1991 San Marino Grand Prix, 1992 in aviation, 1992 in sports, 1992 Italian Grand Prix, 1992 San Marino Grand Prix, 1993 Italian Grand Prix, 1993 San Marino Grand Prix, 1994 Italian Grand Prix, 1995 in aviation, 1995 in sports, 1995 Italian Grand Prix, 1995–96 Heineken Cup, 1996 Italian Grand Prix, 1996 San Marino Grand Prix, 1996–97 Heineken Cup, 1997 Australian Grand Prix, 1997 in aviation, 1997 in sports, 1997 Italian Grand Prix, 1997 San Marino Grand Prix, 1997–98 Heineken Cup, 1998 European Men's Handball Championship, 1998 in aviation, 1998 in sports, 1998 Italian Grand Prix, 1998 San Marino Grand Prix, 1998–99 Heineken Cup, 1999 in aviation, 1999 in music, 1999 in sports, 1999 Italian Grand Prix, 1999 San Marino Grand Prix, 1999–2000 Heineken Cup, 1G, 1st century, 2-2-2, 20 Million Miles to Earth, 200 BC, 2000 in the Netherlands, 2000 Italian Grand Prix, 2000 San Marino Grand Prix, 2000–01 Heineken Cup, 2000s (decade), 2001 Gujarat earthquake, 2001 in aviation, 2001 in LGBT rights, 2001 in science, 2001 Italian Grand Prix, 2001 San Marino Grand Prix, 2001 United Kingdom foot-and-mouth outbreak, 2002 in aviation, 2002 in politics, 2002 Italian Grand Prix, 2002 San Marino Grand Prix, 2002–03 Heineken Cup, 2003, 2003 in Iraq, 2003 in sports, 2003 Italian Grand Prix, 2003 San Marino Grand Prix, 2003–04 Heineken Cup, 2004 FIFA Futsal World Championship, 2004 Italian Grand Prix, 2004 Khobar massacre, 2004 MTV Europe Music Awards, 2004 San Marino Grand Prix, 2004 Summer Olympics opening ceremony, 2005 in the United States, 2005 World Championships in Athletics, 2005 WTA Tour, 2006 Winter Olympics, 2006 Winter Paralympics, 200s BC (decade), 2010s, 203 BC, 205 BC, 208 BC, 20th century BC, 219 BC, 224 BC, 225 BC, 238, 247 BC, 249, 264 BC, 267, 268, 270 BC, 271, 272 BC, 273, 274 BC, 276, 278 BC, 279 BC, 27th G8 summit, 280 BC, 281 BC, 282 BC, 283 BC, 3-2-1 Contact, 304 BC, 307, 316, 319, 326 BC, 331 BC, 334 BC, 338 BC, 340, 343 BC, 351, 352, 354 BC, 355, 365, 366 Vincentina, 375, 386, 387, 387 BC, 39 (number), 39 BC, 390 BC, 391 BC, 394, 395, 398, 3rd century BC, 3rd Infantry Division (United States), 40 BC, 401, 402, 403, 405 BC, 41 BC, 413, 42 BC, 421, 421 BC, 424, 428 BC, 429, 43 Commando Fleet Protection Group Royal Marines, 431 BC, 432, 433, 433 BC, 435, 440, 444, 450, 450 BC, 451, 45th Infantry Division (United States), 460, 460 BC, 461, 473, 474 BC, 476, 479, 488, 489, 490, 493, 497, 4th Infantry Division (India), 508, 50th Academy Awards, 512, 520, 524 BC, 533, 535, 536, 537, 540, 541, 545, 550 BC, 550s BC, 551, 552, 553, 554, 558, 576, 586, 588, 590, 591, 592, 595, 598, 5th century, 5th century BC, 606, 612, 616, 617, 63 Ausonia, 641, 671, 676, 688, 689, 69 Hesperia, 694, 6th century, 6th Infantry Regiment (United States), 6th millennium BC, 700, 700s BC (decade), 701, 703, 704 Interamnia, 705, 709, 711, 726, 727, 728, 730, 732, 733, 739, 740, 742, 750s BC, 752, 753, 754, 767, 773, 774, 776, 781, 782, 787, 788, 794, 800s BC (decade), 806, 808, 818, 819, 822, 824, 825, 83 BC, 831, 834, 837, 843, 844, 855, 859, 866, 868, 875, 876, 877, 88 (number), 883, 887, 888, 90 BC, 900, 902, 921, 924, 927, 928, 929, 92nd Infantry Division (United States), 931, 940, 942, 943, 945, 953, 958, 963, 983, 99 Posse, 9th century. 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The 'Ndràngheta is an organized crime group centered in Calabria, Italy.
The 'Urabi revolt, also known as the 'Urabi Revolution (الثورة العرابية), was a nationalist uprising in Egypt from 1879 to 1882.
A (named, plural As, A's, as, a's or aes) is the first letter and the first vowel of the ISO basic Latin alphabet.
A Doll's House (Et dukkehjem; also translated as A Doll House) is a three-act play written by Norway's Henrik Ibsen.
A Fistful of Dollars (Per un pugno di dollari, titled on-screen as Fistful of Dollars) is a 1964 Spaghetti Western film directed by Sergio Leone and starring Clint Eastwood in his first leading role, alongside Gian Maria Volontè, Marianne Koch, Wolfgang Lukschy, Sieghardt Rupp, José Calvo, Antonio Prieto, and Joseph Egger.
A Hard Day's Night is a 1964 British musical comedy film directed by Richard Lester and starring the Beatles—John Lennon, Paul McCartney, George Harrison, and Ringo Starr—during the height of Beatlemania.
A&W Root Beer is a root beer brand primarily available in the United States and Canada, started in 1919 by Roy W. Allen.
Angelo Bartlett "Bart" Giamatti (April 4, 1938 – September 1, 1989) was an American professor of English Renaissance literature, the president of Yale University, and the seventh Commissioner of Major League Baseball.
The A13 is a motorway, at times an Autostrasse (expressway), which runs from St. Margrethen in northeastern Switzerland through to Ascona in southern Switzerland, crossing the main chain of the Alps in the Grisons area.
The A2 (the Gotthard Motorway) is a motorway in Switzerland.
Abano Terme (known as Abano Bagni until 1924) is a town and comune in the province of Padua, in the Veneto region, Italy, on the eastern slope of the Colli Euganei; it is southwest by rail from Padua.
Abarth & C. S.p.A. is an Italian racing car and road car maker founded by Italo-Austrian Carlo Abarth in 1949.
ABB (ASEA Brown Boveri) is a Swedish-Swiss multinational corporation headquartered in Zurich, Switzerland, operating mainly in robotics, power, heavy electrical equipments, and automation technology areas.
Abbasanta (literally "holy water"; Ad Medias) is a town and comune in the province of Oristano, Sardinia (Italy), and is located on the main road between Macomer and Oristano.
In Christianity, an abbess (Latin abbatissa, feminine form of abbas, abbot) is the female superior of a community of nuns, which is often an abbey.
An abbey is a complex of buildings used by members of a religious order under the governance of an abbot or abbess.
An Abbreviator (plural "Abbreviators" in English and "Abbreviatores" in Latin) or Breviator was a writer of the Papal Chancery who adumbrated and prepared in correct form Papal bulls, briefs, and consistorial decrees before these were written out in extenso by the scriptores.
Abdullah Gül (born 29 October 1950) is a Turkish politician who served as the 11th President of Turkey, in office from 2007 to 2014.
Abdullah II bin Al-Hussein (عبد الله الثاني بن الحسين., ʿAbdullāh ath-thānī ibn Al-Ḥusayn, born 30 January 1962) has been King of Jordan since 1999.
Abdurrahman Wahid, born Abdurrahman ad-Dakhil (September 1940 – 30 December 2009), colloquially known as, was an Indonesian Muslim religious and political leader who served as the President of Indonesia from 1999 to 2001.
Abebe Bikila (አበበ ቢቂላ; August 7, 1932 – October 25, 1973) was an Ethiopian double Olympic marathon champion.
Abensberg is a town in the Lower Bavarian district of Kelheim, in Bavaria, Germany, lying around 30 km southwest of Regensburg, 40 km east of Ingolstadt, 50 northwest of Landshut and 100 km north of Munich.
Aberdour (Aiberdour, Obar Dobhair) is a scenic and historic village on the south coast of Fife, Scotland.
Abergele is a community and small market town, situated on the north coast of Wales between the holiday resorts of Colwyn Bay and Rhyl, in Conwy County Borough.
Abies alba, the European silver fir or silver fir, is a fir native to the mountains of Europe, from the Pyrenees north to Normandy, east to the Alps and the Carpathians, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Serbia and south to Italy, Bulgaria and northern Greece.
Abies nebrodensis, the Sicilian fir, is a fir native to the Nebrodi and Madonie mountains in northern Sicily.
ABN AMRO Bank N.V. is a Dutch bank with headquarters in Amsterdam.
Abortion law permits, prohibits, restricts, or otherwise regulates the availability of abortion.
Abraham ben Meir Ibn Ezra (אַבְרָהָם אִבְּן עֶזְרָא or ראב"ע; ابن عزرا; also known as Abenezra or Aben Ezra, 1089–c.1167) was one of the most distinguished Jewish biblical commentators and philosophers of the Middle Ages.
Abraham Ortelius (also Ortels, Orthellius, Wortels; 14 April 1527 – 28 June 1598) was a Brabantian cartographer and geographer, conventionally recognized as the creator of the first modern atlas, the Theatrum Orbis Terrarum (Theatre of the World).
Abraham Yakin (אברהם יכין; born July 31, 1924) is an Israeli artist.
The Abravanel family (אברבנאל), also spelled as Abarbanel, Abrabanel, Avravanel, Barbernell, or Barbanel, literally meaning Ab (father) Rabban (priest) El (of God) is one of the oldest and most distinguished Jewish families.
Abruzzo (Aquiliano: Abbrùzzu) is a region of Southern Italy, with an area of 10,763 square km (4,156 sq mi) and a population of 1.2 million.
The Abu Simbel temples are two massive rock temples at Abu Simbel (أبو سمبل), a village in Nubia, southern Egypt, near the border with Sudan.
AC Cars Ltd. formerly known as Auto Carriers Ltd., is a British specialist automobile manufacturer and one of the oldest independent car makers founded in Britain.
Acacia s.l., known commonly as mimosa, acacia, thorntree or wattle, is a polyphyletic genus of shrubs and trees belonging to the subfamily Mimosoideae of the family Fabaceae.
The Académie Colarossi was an art school in Paris founded in the 19th century by the Italian sculptor Filippo Colarossi.
The Académie Royale de Peinture et de Sculpture (Royal Academy of Painting and Sculpture), Paris, was the premier art institution in France in the eighteenth century.
An academic degree is a qualification awarded to students upon successful completion of a course of study in higher education, normally at a college or university.
Academic dress is a traditional form of clothing for academic settings, mainly tertiary (and sometimes secondary) education, worn mainly by those who have been admitted to a university degree (or similar), or hold a status that entitles them to assume them (e.g., undergraduate students at certain old universities).
Academic mobility refers to students and teachers in higher education moving to another institution inside or outside of their own country to study or teach for a limited time.
Academic publishing is the subfield of publishing which distributes academic research and scholarship.
An academic term (or simply "term") is a portion of an academic year, the time during which an educational institution holds classes.
An academy (Attic Greek: Ἀκαδήμεια; Koine Greek Ἀκαδημία) is an institution of secondary education, higher learning, research, or honorary membership.
The Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film is one of the Academy Awards handed out annually by the U.S.-based Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS).
The Academy Honorary Award – instituted in 1948 for the 21st Academy Awards (previously called the Special Award, which was first presented in early 1929) – is given annually by the Board of Governors of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS) to celebrate motion picture achievements that are not covered by existing Academy Awards, although prior winners of competitive Academy Awards are not excluded from receiving the Honorary Award.
An academy of sciences is a type of learned society or academy (as special scientific institution) dedicated to sciences that may or may not be state funded.
Acanthocephala (Greek ἄκανθος, akanthos, thorn + κεφαλή, kephale, head) is a phylum of parasitic worms known as acanthocephalans, thorny-headed worms, or spiny-headed worms, characterized by the presence of an eversible proboscis, armed with spines, which it uses to pierce and hold the gut wall of its host.
The Accademia dei Lincei (literally the "Academy of the Lynx-Eyed", but anglicised as the Lincean Academy) is an Italian science academy, located at the Palazzo Corsini on the Via della Lungara in Rome, Italy.
Accasta is a stacking abstract strategy board game on a hexagonal board for two players.
Access © or Access Copyright is the operating name of a Canada Business Corporations Act corporation whose official registration name is The Canadian Copyright Licensing Agency (formerly Cancopy).
Turkey's application to accede to the European Economic Community, the predecessor of the European Union (EU), was made on 14 April 1987.
Accidental Death of an Anarchist (Italian title: Morte accidentale di un anarchico) is a play by Italian playwright and left-wing activist Dario Fo.
Accounting or accountancy is the measurement, processing, and communication of financial information about economic entities such as businesses and corporations.
The Aceh War, also known as the Dutch War or the Infidel War (1873–1904), was an armed military conflict between the Sultanate of Aceh and the Kingdom of the Netherlands which was triggered by discussions between representatives of Aceh and the United States in Singapore during early 1873.
Acer pseudoplatanus, known as the sycamore in the United Kingdom and the sycamore maple in the United States, is a flowering plant species in the soapberry and lychee family Sapindaceae.
In Greek and Roman mythology, Achaemenides (Ἀχαιμενίδης Akhaimenides) was a son of Adamastos of Ithaka, and one of Odysseus's crew.
Achewood is a webcomic created by Chris Onstad in 2001.
Achille Occhetto (born 3 March 1936), is an Italian political figure.
Achille Varzi (8 August 1904 – 1 July 1948) was an Italian Grand Prix driver.
Acoetes (from Greek Ἀκοίτης, via Latin Ăcoetēs) was the name of three men in Greek and Roman mythology.
Acquafredda is a town and comune in the province of Brescia, in Lombardy, northern Italy.
An acropolis (Ancient Greek: ἀκρόπολις, tr. Akrópolis; from ákros (άκρος) or ákron (άκρον) "highest, topmost, outermost" and pólis "city"; plural in English: acropoles, acropoleis or acropolises) is a settlement, especially a citadel, built upon an area of elevated ground—frequently a hill with precipitous sides, chosen for purposes of defense.
Actinidia is a genus of woody and, with a few exceptions, dioecious plants native to temperate eastern Asia, occurring throughout most of China, Taiwan, Korea, and Japan, and extending north to southeast Siberia and south into Indochina.
Action directe (AD) was a French far-left terrorist group which committed a series of assassinations and violent attacks in France between 1979 and 1987.
Actual idealism was a form of idealism, developed by Giovanni Gentile, that grew into a 'grounded' idealism, contrasting the transcendental idealism of Immanuel Kant, and the absolute idealism of G. W. F. Hegel.
AD 82 (LXXXII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
An ad valorem tax (Latin for "according to value") is a tax whose amount is based on the value of a transaction or of property.
Adam Ferguson, FRSE (Scottish Gaelic: Adhamh MacFhearghais), also known as Ferguson of Raith (1 JulyGregorian Calendar/20 JuneJulian Calendar 1723 – 22 February 1816), was a Scottish philosopher and historian of the Scottish Enlightenment.
Adam Foote (born July 10, 1971) is a Canadian former professional ice hockey defenceman.
Adam Kreek (born December 2, 1980) is a management consultant and Canadian rower.
"Adam's Song" is a song recorded by the American rock band Blink-182 for its third studio album, Enema of the State (1999).
The Adamoli-Cattani fighter was a prototype fighter aircraft designed as a private venture by two Italian aircraft builders in 1918.
Addison is a village located west of the Chicago Metropolitan Area, in DuPage County, Illinois, United States.
The additional member system (AMS), also known as mixed-member proportional representation (MMP) outside the United Kingdom, is a mixed electoral system with one tier of single-member district representatives, and another tier of "additional members" elected to make the overall election results more proportional.
Aden (عدن Yemeni) is a port city in Yemen, located by the eastern approach to the Red Sea (the Gulf of Aden), some east of Bab-el-Mandeb.
The Adige (Etsch; Àdexe; Adisch; Adesc; Athesis; Ἄθεσις) is the second longest river in Italy after the Po, rising in the Alps in the province of South Tyrol near the Italian border with Austria and Switzerland, flowing through most of North-East Italy to the Adriatic Sea.
Adil Çarçani (May 15, 1922 – October 13, 1997) was an Albanian politician who served as the 24th Prime Minister of Albania in the Communist regime led by Enver Hoxha.
Aditya Chopra (born 21 May 1971) is an Indian filmmaker.
Adjala–Tosorontio is a township in south-central Ontario, Canada, in the County of Simcoe.
Ado of Vienne (Ado Viennensis, Adon de Vienne; died 16 December 874) was archbishop of Vienne in Lotharingia from 850 until his death and is venerated as a saint.
Adolf Joseph Ferdinand Galland (19 March 1912 – 9 February 1996) was a German Luftwaffe general and flying ace who served throughout the Second World War in Europe.
Marie Joseph Louis Adolphe Thiers (15 April 17973 September 1877) was a French statesman and historian.
Adone Zoli (16 December 1887 – 20 February 1960) was an Italian politician and member of the Christian Democracy.
The Adorno family was a patrician family in Genoa, Italy, of the Ghibelline party, with the branches of Botta Adorno of Milan and Adorno Pastorino of Turin, several of whom were Doges of the republic.
Adrara San Martino is a comune in the province of Bergamo, in Lombardy, northern Italy.
Adria is a town and comune in the province of Rovigo in the Veneto region of Northern Italy, situated between the mouths of the rivers Adige and Po.
Adriaan van Roomen (29 September 1561 – 4 May 1615), also known as Adrianus Romanus, was a Flemish mathematician.
The M15 Adrian helmet (Casque Adrian) was a combat helmet issued to the French Army during World War I. It was the first standard helmet of the French Army and was designed when millions of French troops were engaged in trench warfare, and head wounds from the falling shrapnel generated by the new technique of indirect fire became a frequent cause of battlefield casualties.
Adrian Willaert (– 7 December 1562) was a Netherlandish composer of the Renaissance and founder of the Venetian School.
Adriano Leite Ribeiro (born February 17, 1982), commonly known as simply Adriano, is a Brazilian professional footballer who last played for Miami United.
Adriano Banchieri (Bologna, 3 September 1568 – Bologna, 1634) was an Italian composer, music theorist, organist and poet of the late Renaissance and early Baroque eras.
Adriano Celentano (born 6 January 1938) is an Italian singer, multi-instrumentalist, composer, producer, comedian, actor, film director and TV host.
The Veneti (in Latin, also Heneti) were an Indo-European people who inhabited northeastern Italy, in an area corresponding to the modern-day region of Veneto.
Adro is a town and comune in the province of Brescia, in Lombardy in Franciacorta (northern Italy).
Adultery (from Latin adulterium) is extramarital sex that is considered objectionable on social, religious, moral, or legal grounds.
An advocate in this sense is a professional in the field of law.
Adwa (ዓድዋ; also spelled Aduwa) is a market town and separate woreda in northern Ethiopia.
Aeaea or Eëa (or; Αἰαία, Aiaíā) was a mythological island said to be the home of the goddess-sorceress Circe.
Aeclanum (also spelled Aeculanum, Eclano, Αικούλανον) was an ancient town of Samnium, southern Italy, c. 25 km east-southeast of Beneventum, on the Via Appia.
Aedes albopictus (Stegomyia albopicta), from the mosquito (Culicidae) family, also known as (Asian) tiger mosquito or forest mosquito, is a mosquito native to the tropical and subtropical areas of Southeast Asia; however, in the past few decades, this species has spread to many countries through the transport of goods and international travel.
The Aegadian Islands (Isole Egadi; Sicilian: Ìsuli Ègadi, Aegates Insulae, Αιγάται Νήσοι, meaning "the islands of goats") are a group of five small mountainous islands in the Mediterranean Sea off the northwest coast of Sicily, Italy, near the cities of Trapani and Marsala, with a total area of.
Aegean civilization is a general term for the Bronze Age civilizations of Greece around the Aegean Sea.
The Aegean dispute is a set of interrelated controversial issues for decades between Greece and Turkey over sovereignty and related rights in the area of the Aegean Sea.
The Aegean Islands (Νησιά Αιγαίου, transliterated: Nisiá Aigaíou; Ege Adaları) are the group of islands in the Aegean Sea, with mainland Greece to the west and north and Turkey to the east; the island of Crete delimits the sea to the south, those of Rhodes, Karpathos and Kasos to the southeast.
Aegidius (died 464 or 465) was ruler of the Kingdom of Soissons from 461–464/465AD.
In Greco-Roman mythology, Aeneas (Greek: Αἰνείας, Aineías, possibly derived from Greek αἰνή meaning "praised") was a Trojan hero, the son of the prince Anchises and the goddess Aphrodite (Venus).
The Aeneid (Aeneis) is a Latin epic poem, written by Virgil between 29 and 19 BC, that tells the legendary story of Aeneas, a Trojan who travelled to Italy, where he became the ancestor of the Romans.
In Greek mythology, Aeolus (Αἴολος, Aiolos, Modern Greek: "quick-moving, nimble") is a name shared by three mythical characters.
Location of the Aequi (Equi) in central Italy, 5th century BC. The Aequi (Αἴκουοι and Αἴκοι) were an Italic tribe on a stretch of the Apennine Mountains to the east Latium in central of Italy who appear in the early history of ancient Rome.
Aequian is an extinct language presumed spoken by the people the Romans termed Aequi and Aequicoli living in the Alban hills of northeast Latium and the central Apennines east of them during the early and middle Roman Republic; that is, approximately from the 5th to the 3rd century BC, when they were defeated by the armies of Rome and were subsequently Romanized.
Aer Lualdi & C SpA was an Italian helicopter manufacturer founded in Rome in 1953 by Carlo Lualdi, who had purchased a licence to produce a Hiller-designed rotor system (the Hiller "Rotor-Matic").
The Aer Lualdi L.55 was a prototype Italian helicopter, a development of the Lualdi-Tassotti ES 53 featuring a far more powerful engine, a 134 kW (180 hp) Lycoming O-360.
The Aer Lualdi L.57 was a prototype Italian helicopter, a further refinement of Lualdi's ES 53 and L.55 designs.
The Aer Lualdi L.59 was an Italian helicopter that failed to reach quantity production.
The Aerauto PL.5C was a roadable aircraft developed in Italy in the early 1950s.
The Aerfer Ariete (Italian for Ram) was a prototype fighter aircraft built in Italy in 1958.
The aerial bombing of cities in warfare is an optional element of strategic bombing which became widespread during World War I. The bombing of cities grew to a vast scale in World War II, and is still practiced today.
Aerial refueling, also referred to as air refueling, in-flight refueling (IFR), air-to-air refueling (AAR), and tanking, is the process of transferring aviation fuel from one military aircraft (the tanker) to another (the receiver) during flight.
An aerial tramway, sky tram, cable car, ropeway or aerial tram is a type of aerial lift which uses one or two stationary ropes for support while a third moving rope provides propulsion.
Aeritalia was an aerospace engineering corporation based in Italy, formed by the merger of Fiat Aviazione and Aerfer in 1969.
The Aeritalia G.222 (formerly Fiat Aviazione, later Alenia Aeronautica) is a medium-sized STOL military transport aircraft.
Aermacchi was an Italian aircraft manufacturer.
The Aermacchi or Macchi MB-326 is a light military jet trainer designed in Italy.
Aesara of Lucania (Αἰσάρα Aisara; 4th or 3rd century BC) was a Pythagorean philosopher who wrote On Human Nature, of which a fragment is preserved by Stobaeus.
Afragola (Neapolitan: Afravóla; Afragolese dialect: Afraóra) is a city and comune in the Metropolitan City of Naples, in Italy.
The Total Africa Cup of Nations, officially CAN (Coupe d'Afrique des Nations), also referred to as African Cup of Nations, or AFCON, is the main international association football competition in Africa.
The African diaspora consists of the worldwide collection of communities descended from Africa's peoples, predominantly in the Americas.
The African sacred ibis (Threskiornis aethiopicus) is a species of ibis, a wading bird of the Threskiornithidae family.
Afrob (born Robert Zemichiel in 1977 in Italy) is an Italian-born German rapper of Eritrean descent.
Afternoon is the time of the day between noon and evening.
Agathocles is a Belgian political grindcore band that began in 1985.
Henequen (Agave fourcroydes Lem.) is an agave, a plant species native to southern Mexico and Guatemala.
Age of candidacy is the minimum age at which a person can legally qualify to hold certain elected government offices.
The age of consent is the age below which a minor is considered to be legally incompetent to consent to sexual acts.
The age of majority is the threshold of adulthood as recognized or declared in law.
Agfa-Gevaert N.V. (Agfa) is a Belgian-German multinational corporation that develops, manufactures, and distributes analogue and digital imaging products and systems, as well as IT solutions.
The Aghlabids (الأغالبة) were an Arab dynasty of emirs from Banu Tamim, who ruled Ifriqiya, nominally on behalf of the Abbasid Caliph, for about a century, until overthrown by the new power of the Fatimids.
Aglianico (pronounced, roughly "ah-ylee AN-i-koe") is a black grape grown in the southern regions of Italy, mostly Basilicata and Campania.
Agnes of Rome is a virgin–martyr, venerated as a saint in the Roman Catholic Church, Eastern Orthodox Church, the Anglican Communion, and Lutheranism.
Agnolo Gaddi (c.1350–1396) was an Italian painter.
Agnosine is a comune in the province of Brescia, Lombardy, Italy.
The AGO system is the industrial process for manufacturing stitchless (glued) shoes.
Agostino Agazzari (2 December 1578 – 10 April 1640) was an Italian composer and music theorist.
Augostino Carlini or Agostino Carlini (c. 1718 – 15 August 1790) was an Italian sculptor and painter, who was born in Genoa but settled in England.
Agostino Carracci (or Caracci) (16 August 1557 – 22 March 1602) was an Italian painter and printmaker.
Agostino Casaroli (24 November 1914 – 9 June 1998) was an Italian Catholic priest and diplomat for the Holy See, who became Cardinal Secretary of State.
Agostino Lanzillo (31 October 1886 – 3 March 1952) was an Italian revolutionary syndicalist leader who later became a member of Benito Mussolini's fascist movement.
Agostino Magliani (23 July 182420 February 1891), Italian financier, was a native of Laurino, near Salerno.
Agostino Steffani (25 July 165412 February 1728) was an Italian ecclesiastic, diplomat and composer.
Agostino Straulino (October 10, 1914 – December 14, 2004) was an Italian sailor and sailboat racer, who won one Olympic gold medal and one silver medal in the Star class, and eight consecutive European championships and two world championships in this class and was world champion in the 5.5m-class.
Agostino Todaro (14 January 1818 – 18 April 1892) was an Italian botanist.
Agrippina the Younger (Latin: Julia Agrippina; 6 November AD 15 – 23 March AD 59), also referred to as Agrippina Minor (Minor, which is Latin for "the Younger") was a Roman empress and one of the more prominent women in the Julio-Claudian dynasty.
Aguardiente (pattar, aiguardent, augardente, aguardente) is a generic term for alcoholic beverages that contain between 29% and 60% alcohol by volume.
The Agusta A129 Mangusta (Mongoose) is an attack helicopter originally designed and produced by Italian company Agusta.
AgustaWestland (branded as Leonardo Helicopters since January 2016) was a helicopter design and manufacturing company.
The AgustaWestland AW109 is a lightweight, twin-engine, eight-seat multi-purpose helicopter built by the Italian manufacturer Leonardo (formerly AgustaWestland, merged into the new Finmeccanica since 2016).
The AgustaWestland AW609, formerly the Bell/Agusta BA609, is a twin-engined tiltrotor VTOL aircraft with a configuration similar to the Bell Boeing V-22 Osprey.
The AgustaWestland CH-149 Cormorant is the Canadian Forces designation for the AgustaWestland AW101 (formerly EH101), a helicopter used for air-sea rescue in Canada.
Ahmed Aboul Gheit (أحمد أبو الغيط, also: Abu al-Ghayt, Abu El Gheyt, etc.) (born 12 June 1942) is an Egyptian diplomat who has been Secretary-General of the Arab League since July 2016.
Aidan Hughes is a commercial artist.
AIESEC is the world's largest non-profit youth-run organization.
The Aiguille de Bionnassay (elevation) is a mountain in the Mont Blanc massif of the Alps in France and Italy.
Air Algérie SpA (الخطوط الجوية الجزائرية,; Aeriverdan idzayriyen) is the national airline of Algeria, with its head office in the Immeuble El-Djazair in Algiers.
Air Berlin PLC & Co.
The Air de cour was a popular type of secular vocal music in France in the late Renaissance and early Baroque period, from about 1570 until around 1650.
Air Dolomiti S.p.A. is an Italian regional airline with its head office in Dossobuono, Villafranca di Verona, Italy and operating base at Munich Airport, Germany.
Air Europe was a wholly privately owned, independentindependent from government-owned corporations British airline, established in 1978 under the working title Inter European Airways.
The Air Force of Zimbabwe (AFZ) is the air force of the Zimbabwe Defence Forces.
The Airbus A319 is a member of the Airbus A320 family of short- to medium-range, narrow-body, commercial passenger twin-engine jet airliners manufactured by Airbus.
The Airbus A320 family consists of short- to medium-range, narrow-body, commercial passenger twin-engine jet airliners manufactured by Airbus.
Airmail (or air mail) is a mail transport service branded and sold on the basis of at least one leg of its journey being by air.
Airport security refers to the techniques and methods used in an attempt to protect passengers, staff and planes which use the airports from accidental/malicious harm, crime and other threats.
An airship or dirigible balloon is a type of aerostat or lighter-than-air aircraft that can navigate through the air under its own power.
Ajaccio is a French commune, prefecture of the department of Corse-du-Sud, and head office of the Collectivité territoriale de Corse (capital city of Corsica).
Ajdovščina (Aidussina,trilingual name "Haidenschaft, Aidussina, Ajdovščina" in: HaidenschaftSpezialortsrepertorium der österreichischen Länder. Bearbeiten auf Grund der Ergebnisse der Volkszälung vom 31. Dezember 1910, vol. 7: Österreichisch-Illyrisches Küstenland. 1918. Vienna: K. k. Hof- und Staatsdruckerei, p. 13.) is a small town with a population of about 6,700, located in the Vipava Valley (Vipavska dolina), Slovenia.
Aktiengesellschaft (abbreviated AG) is a German word for a corporation limited by share ownership (i.e. one which is owned by its shareholders) and may be traded on a stock market.
Al Martino (born Jasper Cini; October 7, 1927 – October 13, 2009) was an American singer and actor.
Al Palladini (December 24, 1943 – March 7, 2001) was a politician in Ontario, Canada.
Al-Saadi Muammar Gaddafi (الساعدي معمر القذافي; born 25 May 1973), is the third son of former Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi.
The Alabama Claims were a series of demands for damages sought by the government of the United States from the United Kingdom in 1869, for the attacks upon Union merchant ships by Confederate Navy commerce raiders built in British shipyards during the American Civil War.
Alabaster is a mineral or rock that is soft, often used for carving, and is processed for plaster powder.
Alain Marie Pascal Prost (born 24 February 1955) is a retired French racing driver.
Lino Dante "Alan" Ameche (June 1, 1933 – August 8, 1988), nicknamed "The Iron Horse", or simply "The Horse", was an American football player who played six seasons with the Baltimore Colts in the National Football League (NFL).
Alan Eaton Davidson CMG (30 March 1924 – 2 December 2003) was a British diplomat and historian best known for his writing and editing on food and gastronomy.
Alan Lee Keyes (born August 7, 1950) is an American conservative political activist, pundit, author, former diplomat, and perennial candidate for public office.
Alanya, formerly Alaiye, is a beach resort city and a component district of Antalya Province on the southern coast of Turkey, in the country's Mediterranean Region, east of the city of Antalya.
Alaric I (*Alareiks, "ruler of all"; Alaricus; 370 (or 375)410 AD) was the first King of the Visigoths from 395–410, son (or paternal grandson) of chieftain Rothestes.
Alaric II (*Alareiks, "ruler of all"; August 507), also known as Alarik, Alarich, and Alarico in Spanish and Portuguese or Alaricus in Latin — succeeded his father Euric as king of the Visigoths in Toulouse on December 28, 484.
Alatri (Aletrium) is a town and comune of province of Frosinone in the Italian region of the Lazio, with c. 30,000 inhabitants.
Alba Fucens was an ancient Italic town occupying a lofty location (1,000 m) at the foot of the Monte Velino, c. 6.5 km north of Avezzano, Abruzzo, central Italy.
Alba Iulia (Karlsburg or Carlsburg, formerly Weißenburg, Gyulafehérvár, Apulum, Ottoman Turkish: Erdel Belgradı or Belgrad-ı Erdel) is a city located on the Mureş River in Alba County, Transylvania, Romania, with a population of 63,536.
The Alban Hills are the site of a quiescent volcanic complex in Italy, located southeast of Rome and about north of Anzio.
Albania (Shqipëri/Shqipëria; Shqipni/Shqipnia or Shqypni/Shqypnia), officially the Republic of Albania (Republika e Shqipërisë), is a country in Southeastern Europe.
The Albanian alphabet (alfabeti shqip) is a variant of the Latin alphabet used to write the Albanian language.
The Albanian Armed Forces (Forcat e Armatosura të Republikës së Shqipërisë (FARSH)) are the military of Albania and were formed after the declaration of independence in 1912.
The Albanians (Shqiptarët) are a European ethnic group that is predominantly native to Albania, Kosovo, western Macedonia, southern Serbia, southeastern Montenegro and northwestern Greece, who share a common ancestry, culture and language.
Albano Laziale (Albanum, Romanesco: Arbano) is a comune in the Metropolitan City of Rome, on the Alban Hills, in Latium, central Italy.
Albano Sant'Alessandro is a comune in the province of Bergamo, in Lombardy, Italy.
Alberico Gentili (January 14, 1552June 19, 1608) was an Italian lawyer, jurist, and a former standing advocate to the Spanish Embassy in London, who served as the Regius professor of civil law at the University of Oxford for 21 years.
Alberobello (literally "beautiful tree"; Barese: Aiarubbédde) is a small town and comune of the Metropolitan City of Bari, Apulia, southern Italy.
Albert I (8 April 1875 – 17 February 1934) reigned as the third King of the Belgians from 1909 to 1934.
Albert of Saxony (Latin: Albertus de Saxonia; c. 1320 – 8 July 1390) was a German philosopher known for his contributions to logic and physics.
Albert Spaggiari (14 December 1932 – 8 June 1989), nicknamed Bert, he was a French criminal chiefly known as the organizer of a break-in into a Société Générale bank in Nice, France in 1976.
Albert the Bear (Albrecht der Bär; Adelbertus, Adalbertus, Albertus; 1100 – 18 November 1170) was the first Margrave of Brandenburg (as Albert I) from 1157 to his death and was briefly Duke of Saxony between 1138 and 1142.
Alberto Aleandro Uderzo (born 25 April 1927), known as Albert Uderzo, is a French comic book artist and scriptwriter.
Albert von Keller (27 April 184414 July 1920) was a German historical and genre painter.
Albert of Prussia (Albrecht von Preussen, 17 May 149020 March 1568) was the 37th Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights, who after converting to Lutheranism, became the first ruler of the Duchy of Prussia, the secularized state that emerged from the former Monastic State of the Teutonic Knights.
Alberto Ascari (13 July 1918 – 26 May 1955) was an Italian racing driver and twice Formula One World Champion.
Alberto Breccia (April 15, 1919 – November 10, 1993) was an Uruguay-born Argentine cartoonist.
Alberto Colombo (born 23 February 1946 in Varedo, Lombardy) is a former racing driver from Italy.
Alberto Cova (born December 1, 1958) is a retired Italian long-distance track athlete, winner of the 10,000 m at the 1984 Summer Olympics.
Alberto Ferrero La Marmora (or Della Marmora; 7 April 1789 – 18 March 1863) was an Italian soldier and naturalist.
Father Alberto Maria de Agostini (2 November 1883 – 25 December 1960) born in Pollone, Piedmont was an Italian missionary of the Salesians of Don Bosco order as well as a passionate mountaineer, explorer, geographer, ethnographer, photographer and cinematographer.
Alberto Rabagliati (27 June 1906 in Milan – 8 March 1974 in Rome) was an Italian singer.
Alberto Salazar (born August 7, 1958) is an American track coach and former world-class long-distance runner.
Alberto Sordi (15 June 1920 – 24 February 2003), Cavaliere di Gran Croce OMRI was an Italian actor.
Albertus Magnus, O.P. (c. 1200 – November 15, 1280), also known as Saint Albert the Great and Albert of Cologne, was a German Catholic Dominican friar and bishop.
Albertville (Arpitan: Arbèrtvile) is a commune in the Savoie department in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region in south-eastern France.
Albina Guarnieri (born June 23, 1953) is a Canadian former politician.
Albino is a comune in the province of Bergamo, in Lombardy, northern Italy.
Alceo Dossena (1878–1937) was an Italian sculptor.
Alceste De Ambris (15 September 1874 – 9 December 1934), was an Italian syndicalist, the brother of politician Amilcare De Ambris.
Alcibiades, son of Cleinias, from the deme of Scambonidae (Greek: Ἀλκιβιάδης Κλεινίου Σκαμβωνίδης, transliterated Alkibiádēs Kleiníou Skambōnídēs; c. 450–404 BC), was a prominent Athenian statesman, orator, and general.
Alcide Amedeo Francesco De Gasperi (3 April 1881 – 19 August 1954) was an Italian statesman who founded the Christian Democracy party.
Aldi (stylised as ALDI) is the common brand of two German discount supermarket chains with over 10,000 stores in 20 countries, and an estimated combined turnover of more than €50 billion.
Aldo "The Jimi Hendrix of recorders" Abreu is a Venezuelan recorder player currently residing in the United States.
Aldo Nadi (29 April 1899 – 10 November 1965) was one of the greatest Italian fencers of all time.
Aldo Rossi (3 May 1931 – 4 September 1997) was an Italian architect and designer who achieved international recognition in four distinct areas: theory, drawing, architecture and product design.
Aldus Pius Manutius (Aldo Pio Manuzio; 1449/14526 February 1515) was a Venetian humanist, scholar, and educator.
Ale Municipality (Ale kommun) is a municipality in Västra Götaland County in western Sweden.
The Alemanni (also Alamanni; Suebi "Swabians") were a confederation of Germanic tribes on the Upper Rhine River.
Alemannic (German) is a group of dialects of the Upper German branch of the Germanic language family.
The Alenia Aermacchi M-346 Master is a military twin-engine transonic trainer aircraft.
Alenia Aeronautica was an Italian aerospace company.
Alenia Marconi Systems (AMS) was a major European integrated defence electronics company and an equal shares joint venture between BAE Systems and Finmeccanica (now Leonardo S.p.A.) until its dissolution on 3 May 2005.
Alessandra Mussolini (born 30 December 1962) is an Italian politician, the granddaughter of Benito Mussolini, and a former actress and model.
Alessandro Algardi (31 July 159810 June 1654) was an Italian high-Baroque sculptor active almost exclusively in Rome, where for the latter decades of his life, he was, along with Francesco Borromini and Pietro da Cortona, one of the major rivals of Gian Lorenzo Bernini.
Alessandro di Cristofano di Lorenzo del Bronzino Allori (Florence, 31 May 153522 September 1607) was an Italian portrait painter of the late Mannerist Florentine school.
Alessandro Grandi (1590 – after June 1630, but in that year) was a northern Italian composer of the early Baroque era, writing in the new concertato style.
Alessandro "Sandro" Mazzinghi (born 3 October 1938) is an Italian former professional boxer who held the world light middleweight championship twice.
Alexander Moissi (Aleksandër Moisiu; Alexander Moissi, Alessandro Moissi; better known as Alexander Moissi, 2 April 1879 – 22/23 March 1935) was an Austrian stage actor of Albanian origin.
Alessandro "Sandro" Nannini (born 7 July 1959) is a former racing driver from Italy.
Alessandro Pesenti-Rossi (born 31 August 1942) is a former racing driver from Italy, born in Bergamo.
Alessandro Petacchi (born 3 January 1974 in La Spezia, Liguria) is an Italian former professional road racing cyclist, who last rode for the team.
Alessandro Santin (born 6 October 1958 in Venice, Italy) was an Italian race car driver.
Alessandro Stradella (Nepi, 3 April 1639 – Genoa, 25 February 1682) was an Italian composer of the middle Baroque period.
Alessandro Striggio (c. 1536/1537 – 29 February 1592) was an Italian composer, instrumentalist and diplomat of the Renaissance.
Alessandro Tassoni (28 September 1565 – 25 April 1635) was an Italian poet and writer.
Alessandro Valignano (Chinese: 范禮安 Fàn Lǐ’ān) (February 1539 – January 20, 1606) was an Italian Jesuit missionary born in Chieti, part of the Kingdom of Naples, who helped supervise the introduction of Catholicism to the Far East, and especially to Japan.
Alessandro Giuseppe Antonio Anastasio Volta (18 February 1745 – 5 March 1827) was an Italian physicist, chemist, and a pioneer of electricity and power,Giuliano Pancaldi, "Volta: Science and culture in the age of enlightenment", Princeton University Press, 2003.
Alessi is a housewares and kitchen utensil company in Italy, producing everyday items from plastic and metal, created by famous designers.
Alessia di Matteo (July 4, 2003 – January 12, 2005) was an Italian from Genoa.
Alessio Perilli was an Italian motorcycle road racer.
Alessandro "Alex" Caffi (born March 18, 1964) is a former Formula One driver from Italy.
Alex von Falkenhausen Motorenbau (AFM) (but some sources claim the M stood for Munich) was a German racing car constructor.
Father Alex Zanotelli born August 26, 1938, Livo, Trentino (Italy) is a member of the Combonian missionaries in Verona.
Alexander Porfyrovych Archipenko (also referred to as Olexandr, Oleksandr, or Aleksandr; Олександр Порфирович Архипенко, Romanized: Olexandr Porfyrovych Arkhypenko; May 30, 1887February 25, 1964) was a Ukrainian-born American avant-garde artist, sculptor, and graphic artist.
Alexander Charles Vasa (Aleksander Karol Waza; 4 November 1614 – 19 November 1634) was the fifth son of King Sigismund III of Poland and his wife Constance of Austria.
Alexander Dubček (27 November 1921 – 7 November 1992) was a Slovak politician who served as the First secretary of the Presidium of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia (KSČ) (de facto leader of Czechoslovakia) from January 1968 to April 1969.
Alexander I of Epirus (Ἀλέξανδρος Α' τῆς Ἠπείρου, 370 BC – 331 BC), also known as Alexander Molossus (Ἀλέξανδρος ὁ Μολοσσός), was a king of Epirus (350–331 BC) of the Aeacid dynasty.
Alexander Nevsky (Алекса́ндр Не́вский) is a 1938 historical drama film directed by Sergei Eisenstein.
Alexander of Constantinople (Ἀλέξανδρος; c. 237/240 – c. 340) was bishop of Byzantium and the first Archbishop of Constantinople (the city was renamed during his episcopacy).
Alexander Nikolayevich Ostrovsky (Алекса́ндр Никола́евич Остро́вский;, Moscow, Russian Empire, Shchelykovo, Kostroma Governorate, Russian Empire) was a Russian playwright, generally considered the greatest representative of the Russian realistic period.
Alexander Sokolov (born 1955) is a direct-carving or taille directe marble sculptor.
Alexander, Crown Prince of Yugoslavia, also claiming the crowned royal title of Alexander II Karađorđević (Александар II Карађорђевић; born 17 July 1945), was the last heir-apparent or heir-presumptive to the defunct throne of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, and is currently the claimant to the abolished throne of the precursor Kingdom of Serbia.
Alexandra of Greece and Denmark (Αλεξάνδρα, Александра/Aleksandra; 25 March 1921 – 30 January 1993) was, by marriage to King Peter II, the last Queen of Yugoslavia.
Alexandre Clément Léon Joseph Luigini (9 March 185029 July 1906) was a French composer and conductor, especially active in the opera house.
Alexandru Averescu (3 April 1859 – 2 October 1938) was a Romanian marshal and populist politician.
Alexei Nikolayevich Kosygin (p; – 18 December 1980) was a Soviet-Russian statesman during the Cold War.
Alexia (born Alessia Aquilani, 19 May 1967) is an Italian singer.
Alfa Laval AB is a Swedish company, founded in 1883 by Gustaf de Laval and Oscar Lamm.
Alfa Romeo Automobiles S.p.A. is a car manufacturer, founded by Frenchman Alexandre Darracq as A.L.F.A. (" Anonima Lombarda Fabbrica Automobili", "Lombard Automobile Factory Company") on 24 June 1910, in Milan.
The Alfa Romeo 147 (Type 937) is a small family car produced by the Italian automaker Alfa Romeo from 2000 to 2010. The 147 was voted European Car of the Year in 2001. The 147 was launched at the Turin Motor Show in June 2000 as a replacement for the Alfa Romeo 145 and 146 hatchbacks, and is based on the running gear of the larger 156 saloon. It was sold with 1.6, 2.0, and 3.2 litre petrol engines, and a 1.9 litre diesel engine. A sequential, paddle operated 'Selespeed' transmission was available from launch. Two trim levels were available, Turismo and Lusso. The 147 was the first Alfa Romeo to have dual zone climate control and electronic traction control. The model was in production for ten years, making it one of the oldest small family cars on sale in Europe at the time of its replacement by the Alfa Romeo Giulietta in the end of May 2010. In total, around 580,000 cars were made.
The Alfa Romeo 155 (Type 167) is a compact executive car produced by the Italian manufacturer Alfa Romeo between 1992 and 1997.
The Alfa Romeo 156 (Tipo 932) is a compact executive car produced by the Italian automobile manufacturer Alfa Romeo.
The Alfa Romeo 164 (codenamed Type 164) is a four-door executive saloon that was manufactured by the Italian automaker Alfa Romeo from 1987 to 1998 and designed by Pininfarina.
The Alfa Romeo 33 (Type 905 and 907) is a small family car produced by the Italian automaker Alfa Romeo between 1983 and 1995.
The Alfa Romeo SZ (Sprint Zagato) or ES-30 (Experimental Sportscar 3.0 litre) is a high-performance limited-production sports car/road-concept car built between 1989 and 1991 with partnership via Centro Stile Zagato, Centro Stile Alfa Romeo and Centro Stile Fiat.
Alfianello is a comune in the province of Brescia, in Lombardy, northern Italy.
Alfonso Ferrabosco (baptized 18 January 154312 August 1588) was an Italian composer.
Alfonso Gagliano, (born January 25, 1942) is a Canadian accountant and a former Liberal Party politician.
Alfonso II (1180 – February 1209) was the second son of Alfonso II of Aragon and Sancha of Castile.
Alfonso Thiele (5 April 1920 – 15 July 1986) was a racing driver who held dual citizenship of the United States and Italy, though he spent most of his life in Italy.
Alfonso XIII (Spanish: Alfonso León Fernando María Jaime Isidro Pascual Antonio de Borbón y Habsburgo-Lorena; 17 May 1886 – 28 February 1941) was King of Spain from 1886 until the proclamation of the Second Republic in 1931.
Alfred Guillaume Gabriel Grimod d'Orsay, comte d'Orsay (4 September 18014 August 1852) was a French amateur artist, dandy, and man of fashion in the early- to mid-19th century.
Alfred Einstein (December 30, 1880February 13, 1952) was a German-American musicologist and music editor.
Alfred Eisenstaedt (December 6, 1898 – August 23, 1995) was a German-born American photographer and photojournalist.
Alfred Newton FRS HFRSE (11 June 18297 June 1907) was an English zoologist and ornithologist.
Alfred Bernhard Nobel (21 October 1833 – 10 December 1896) was a Swedish chemist, engineer, inventor, businessman, and philanthropist.
Alfred-Felix Vaucher (March 18, 1887 – May 22, 1993) was a French theologian, church historian, and bibliographer.
Alfred Graf von Schlieffen, generally called Count Schlieffen (28 February 1833 – 4 January 1913) was a German field marshal and strategist who served as chief of the Imperial German General Staff from 1891 to 1906.
Alfredo Binda (11 August 1902 – 19 July 1986) was an Italian cyclist of the 1920s and 1930s.
Alfredo Bracchi (30 December 1897 – 11 October 1976) was a versatile Italian author, whose production ranged from song lyrics to movie scripts.
Alfredo Casella (25 July 18835 March 1947) was an Italian composer, pianist and conductor.
Alfredo Félix Cristiani Burkard, popularly known as Alfredo Cristiani (born November 22, 1947) was President of El Salvador from 1989 to 1994.
Alfredo Ferrari (nicknamed Alfredino or Dino) (1932–1956) was an Italian automotive engineer and the first son of automaker Enzo Ferrari.
The Algarve (from الغرب "the west") is the southernmost region of continental Portugal.
Algernon Percy, 10th Earl of Northumberland, 4th Baron Percy, KG (29 September 1602 – 13 October 1668) was an English military leader and a prominent supporter of the Parliamentary cause in the English Civil War.
Alghero (L'Alguer,,; S'Alighèra; La Liéra), is a town of about 44,000 inhabitants in the Italian insular province of Sassari in northwestern Sardinia, next to the Mediterranean Sea.
Algiers (الجزائر al-Jazā’er, ⴷⵣⴰⵢⴻ, Alger) is the capital and largest city of Algeria.
Ali Haidar VC (21 August 1913 – 15 July 1999) was a Pakistani Pashtun recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.
Ali Hussain Kafi (علي حسين كافي; ALA-LC: ʿAlī Ḥusain Kāfī; 7 October 1928 – 16 April 2013) was an Algerian politician who was Chairman of the High Council of State and acting President from 1992 to 1994.
Ali Kelmendi (3 November 1900 in İpek, now Pejë, Kosovo Vilayet, Ottoman Empire – 11 February 1939 in France), Hero of Albania under the communist government, was a Kosovar Albanian communist, an organizer of the communist movement in Albania.
Alia Baha ud-din Toukan (علياء بھاء الدين طوقان) (25 December 1948 – 9 February 1977) was Queen of Jordan and the third wife of King Hussein from their marriage in 1972 until her death in a helicopter crash.
Alicante, or Alacant, both the Spanish and Valencian being official names, is a city and port in Spain on the Costa Blanca, the capital of the province of Alicante and of the comarca of Alacantí, in the south of the Valencian Community.
Alina Maratovna Kabaeva (Али́на Мара́товна Каба́ева,; Әлинә Марат кызы Кабаева; born 12 May 1983) is a Russian Honored Master of Sports, a retired individual rhythmic gymnast, a model and film star, and a politician.
Alinghi is the syndicate set up by Ernesto Bertarelli, racing under the colors of the Société Nautique de Genève, to challenge for the America's Cup, as well as other competitions.
Aliyah (עֲלִיָּה aliyah, "ascent") is the immigration of Jews from the diaspora to the Land of Israel (Eretz Israel in Hebrew).
All Hallows-on-the-Wall is a Church of England church located in the City of London.
All My Children (often shortened to AMC) is an American television soap opera that aired on ABC for 41 years, from January 5, 1970, to September 23, 2011, and on The Online Network (TOLN) from April 29 to September 2, 2013, via Hulu, Hulu Plus, and iTunes.
The Allais effect refers to the alleged anomalous behavior of pendulums or gravimeters, which is sometimes purportedly observed during a solar eclipse.
Allan Ramsay (13 October 171310 August 1784) was a prominent Scottish portrait-painter.
An allemande (allemanda, almain(e), or alman(d), French: "German (dance)") is a renaissance and baroque dance, and one of the most popular instrumental dance styles in baroque music, with notable examples by Couperin, Purcell, Bach and Handel.
The Allen County Courthouse in Fort Wayne, Indiana is one of 37 United States National Historic Landmarks in the state of Indiana.
Alleyne FitzHerbert, 1st Baron St Helens PC (1 March 1753 – 19 February 1839)Fitzherbert, Alleyne, Baron St Helens (1753–1839), diplomatist by Stephen M. Lee in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography was a British diplomat.
The Allied Armies in Italy (AAI) was the title of the highest Allied field headquarters in Italy, during the middle part of the Italian Campaign of World War II.
Allied Force Headquarters (AFHQ) was the headquarters that controlled all Allied operational forces in the Mediterranean Theatre of World War II from late 1942 until the end of the war in Europe in May 1945.
The Allied invasion of Italy was the Allied amphibious landing on mainland Italy that took place on 3 September 1943 during the early stages of the Italian Campaign of World War II.
The Allied invasion of Sicily, codenamed Operation Husky, was a major campaign of World War II, in which the Allies took the island of Sicily from the Axis powers (Italy and Nazi Germany).
An alluvial plain is a largely flat landform created by the deposition of sediment over a long period of time by one or more rivers coming from highland regions, from which alluvial soil forms.
Nikolaus Alois Maria Vinzenz Negrelli, Ritter von Moldelbe (also: Louis Negrelli) (January 23, 1799 - October 1, 1858), was a Tyrolean civil engineer and railroad pioneer mostly active in parts of the Austrian Empire, Switzerland, Germany and Italy.
Alone in the Dark is a survival horror video game series, originally developed by Infogrames.
Alonso de Ercilla y Zúñiga (August 7, 1533November 29, 1594) was a Spanish nobleman, soldier and epic poet, born in Madrid.
Alonso Lobo (February 25, 1555 (baptised) – April 5, 1617) was a Spanish composer of the late Renaissance.
Saint Aloysius de Gonzaga, S.J. (Luigi Gonzaga; 9 March 156821 June 1591) was an Italian aristocrat who became a member of the Society of Jesus.
Aloysius Lilius (c. 1510 – 1576), also variously referred to as Luigi Lilio, Luigi Giglio, was an Italian doctor, astronomer, philosopher and chronologist, and also the "primary author" who provided the proposal that (after modifications) became the basis of the Gregorian Calendar reform of 1582.
Alpe-Adria is a bioregion in Central Europe, embracing all of Slovenia, the Austrian states of Carinthia and Styria, and the Italian regions of Friuli-Venezia-Giulia and Veneto.
The Alpen-Adria-Universität Klagenfurt (AAU), or University of Klagenfurt, is a federal Austrian university and the largest research and higher education institution in the Austrian province Carinthia.
Alpes-Maritimes (Aups Maritims; Alpi Marittime) is a department of the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in the extreme southeast corner of France.
Alphonse Marie Louis de Prat de Lamartine, Knight of Pratz (21 October 179028 February 1869), was a French writer, poet and politician who was instrumental in the foundation of the Second Republic and the continuation of the Tricolore as the flag of France.
The Alpine ibex (Capra ibex), also known as the steinbock, bouquetin, or simply ibex, is a species of wild goat that lives in the mountains of the European Alps.
The Alpine Line (Ligne Alpine) or Little Maginot Line (French: Petite Ligne Maginot) was the component of the Maginot Line that defended the southeastern portion of France.
The term Alpine states or Alpine countries refers to the territory of eight countries associated with the Alpine region, as defined by the Alpine Convention of 1991: Austria, Germany, France, Italy, Liechtenstein, Monaco, Slovenia, and Switzerland.
The Alps (Alpes; Alpen; Alpi; Alps; Alpe) are the highest and most extensive mountain range system that lies entirely in Europe,The Caucasus Mountains are higher, and the Urals longer, but both lie partly in Asia.
An altar is any structure upon which offerings such as sacrifices are made for religious purposes, and by extension the 'Holy table' of post-reformation Anglican churches.
Alternate history or alternative history (Commonwealth English), sometimes abbreviated as AH, is a genre of fiction consisting of stories in which one or more historical events occur differently.
Alunite is a hydrated aluminium potassium sulfate mineral, formula KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6.
Artur Virgílio Alves Reis (Lisbon, 8 September 1896 – 9 June 1955) was a Portuguese criminal who perpetrated one of the largest frauds in history, against the Bank of Portugal in 1925, often called the Portuguese Bank Note Crisis.
Alvin Morell Bentley III (August 30, 1918 – April 10, 1969) was a politician from the U.S. state of Michigan.
Alvin Cullum York (December 13, 1887 – September 2, 1964), also known as Sergeant York, was one of the most decorated United States Army soldiers of World War I. He received the Medal of Honor for leading an attack on a German machine gun nest, taking 35 machine guns, killing at least 25 enemy soldiers, and capturing 132.
Alwernia is a Polish town situated some west of Kraków in the Chrzanów district of the Lesser Poland Voivodeship (before 1999 it formed part of the Kraków Voivodeship).
Alzey is a Verband-free town – one belonging to no Verbandsgemeinde – in the Alzey-Worms district in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany.
AM stereo is a term given to a series of mutually incompatible techniques for radio broadcasting stereo audio in the AM band in a manner that is compatible with standard AM receivers.
Amadeo Bordiga (13 June 1889 – 23 July 1970) was an Italian Marxist, a contributor to Communist theory, the founder of the Communist Party of Italy, a leader of the Communist International and later a leading figure of the International Communist Party.
Amadeus III of Savoy (1095 – April 1148) was Count of Savoy and Maurienne from 1103 until his death.
The Amalfi Coast (Costiera Amalfitana) is a stretch of coastline on the northern coast of the Salerno Gulf on the Tyrrhenian Sea, located in the Province of Salerno of southern Italy.
Saint-Amand Bazard (18 September 179129 July 1832) was a French socialist, the founder of a secret society in France corresponding to the Carbonari of Italy.
Amanda Eloise Vanstone (née O'Brien; born 7 December 1952) is an Australian former politician and a former Ambassador to Italy.
Amarcord is a 1973 Italian comedy-drama film directed by Federico Fellini, a semi-autobiographical tale about Titta, an adolescent boy growing up among an eccentric cast of characters in the village of Borgo San Giuliano (situated near the ancient walls of Rimini) in 1930s Fascist Italy.
Amaretto (Italian for "a little bitter") is a sweet Italian liqueur that originated in Saronno, Italy.
Amarone della Valpolicella, usually known as Amarone, is a typically rich Italian dry red wine made from the partially dried grapes of the Corvina (45–95%, of which up to 50% could be substituted with Corvinone), Rondinella (5–30%) and other approved red grape varieties (up to 25%).
Amati is the last name of a family of Italian violin makers who lived at Cremona from about 1538 to 1740.
Amba Alagi is a mountain, or an amba, in northern Ethiopia.
The diplomats serving as ambassadors of the United States of America to individual nations of the world, to international organizations, and ambassadors-at-large change regularly for various reasons, such as reassignment or retirement.
This is a list of all the current ambassadors to Burkina Faso.
The Amber Road was an ancient trade route for the transfer of amber from coastal areas of the North Sea and the Baltic Sea to the Mediterranean Sea.
Ambert (Auvergnat: Embèrt) is a commune in the Puy-de-Dôme department in Auvergne in central France.
Ambler is a borough in Montgomery County, Pennsylvania, in the United States.
Amboise is a commune in the Indre-et-Loire department in central France.
Ambrogio Calepino (Latin: Ambrosius Calepinus; c. 1440–1510), commonly known by the Latin form of his name, Calepinus, was an Italian lexicographer.
Aurelius Ambrosius (– 397), better known in English as Ambrose, was a bishop of Milan who became one of the most influential ecclesiastical figures of the 4th century.
The Ambrosian Rite, also called the Milanese Rite, is a Catholic liturgical Western rite.
Ambrussum is a Roman archaeological site in Villetelle, Hérault département, in southern France.
Amedeo Carlo Avogadro, Count of Quaregna and Cerreto (9 August 17769 July 1856), was an Italian scientist, most noted for his contribution to molecular theory now known as Avogadro's law, which states that equal volumes of gases under the same conditions of temperature and pressure will contain equal numbers of molecules.
Amedeo Clemente Modigliani (12 July 1884 – 24 January 1920) was an Italian-Jewish painter and sculptor who worked mainly in France.
Amelia Peabody Emerson is the protagonist of the Amelia Peabody series, a series of historical mystery novels written by author Elizabeth Peters (a pseudonym of Egyptologist Barbara Mertz, 1927–2013).
Amelita Galli-Curci (18 November 1882 – 26 November 1963) was an Italian coloratura soprano.
America's Funniest Home Videos (often simply abbreviated to AFHV or its on-air abbreviation AFV) is an American video clip television series on ABC, which features humorous homemade videos that are submitted by viewers.
America (pronounced "America Cubed") is the name of both a syndicate that vied for the America's Cup in 1992 and 1995 and its boats.
The American Academy in Rome is a research and arts institution located on the Gianicolo (Janiculum Hill) in Rome.
American Dad! is an American adult animated sitcom created by Seth MacFarlane, Mike Barker, and Matt Weitzman for the Fox Broadcasting Company.
A typical AIP double feature that inspired the idea for Grindhouse. --> American International Pictures (AIP) was a film production and distribution company formed on April 2, 1954 as American Releasing Corporation (ARC) by James H. Nicholson, former Sales Manager of Realart Pictures, and Samuel Z. Arkoff, an entertainment lawyer.
The American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee, also known as the Joint or the JDC, is a Jewish relief organization based in New York City.
The American mink (Neovison vison) is a semiaquatic species of mustelid native to North America, though human intervention has expanded its range to many parts of Europe and South America.
American Motors Corporation (AMC) was an American automobile company formed by the 1954 merger of Nash-Kelvinator Corporation and Hudson Motor Car Company.
The Americas (also collectively called America)"America." The Oxford Companion to the English Language.
Amerigo Vespucci (March 9, 1454February 22, 1512) was an Italian explorer, financier, navigator and cartographer.
Amiga demos are demos created for the Commodore Amiga home computer.
Amy Paulette "Amii" Stewart (born January 29, 1956) is an American disco and soul singer and dancer most famous for her hit disco record cover of Eddie Floyd's "Knock on Wood".
The Amilcar was a French automobile manufactured from 1921 to 1940.
Amilcar Italiana manufactured some French Amilcar automobile models in Italy from 1925 to 1928 under licence granted in 1925 to Compagnia Generale Automobili S.A., of Rome to build cyclecars and in 1927 to Societa Industriale Lombardo Veneta Automobili of Verona.
Amintore Fanfani (6 February 1908 – 20 November 1999) was an Italian politician and the Prime Minister of Italy for five separate runs.
Amiternum was an ancient Sabine city, then Roman city and later bishopric and Latin catholic titular see in the central Abruzzo region of modern Italy at 9 km from L'Aquila.
Amoco Corporation, originally Standard Oil Company (Indiana), is a global chemical and oil company that was founded in 1889 around a refinery located in Whiting, Indiana, United States.
Amos Elon (עמוס אילון, July 4, 1926 – May 25, 2009) was an Israeli journalist and author.
Ampelopsis, commonly known as peppervine or porcelainberry, is a genus of climbing shrubs, in the grape family Vitaceae.
The Amstrad NC100 Notepad was an A4-size, portable Z80-based computer, released by Amstrad in 1992. It featured 64 KB of RAM, the Protext word processor, various organiser-like facilities (diary, address book and time manager), a simple calculator, and a version of the BBC BASIC interpreter. Its screen was 80 character columns by eight rows, and not backlit, but this let the NC100 run for up to 20 hours on four standard AA cell batteries. There was an RS232 serial port, a parallel port for connecting a printer, and a PC card socket, by means of which the computer's memory could be expanded up to 1 MB.
The AMX International AMX is a ground-attack aircraft jointly developed by Brazil and Italy.
The AMX-30 is a main battle tank designed by Ateliers de construction d'Issy-les-Moulineaux (AMX, then GIAT) and first delivered to the French Army in 1966.
In Greek mythology, Amykos (Ἄμυκος), Latinized as Amycus, was the son of Poseidon and the Bithynian nymph Melia.
Ana Gabriela Guevara Espinoza (born March 4, 1977, in Nogales, Sonora) is a now-retired Mexican track and field athlete who specialized in the 400 meters.
Ana Mendieta (November 18, 1948 – September 8, 1985) was a Cuban American performance artist, sculptor, painter and video artist who is best known for her "earth-body" artwork.
Anacapri (Ronnacràpe) is a comune on the island of Capri, in the Metropolitan City of Naples, Italy.
Anarcho-communism (also known as anarchist communism, free communism, libertarian communism and communist anarchism) is a theory of anarchism which advocates the abolition of the state, capitalism, wage labour and private property (while retaining respect for personal property) in favor of common ownership of the means of production, direct democracy and a horizontal network of workers' councils with production and consumption based on the guiding principle: "From each according to his ability, to each according to his needs".
Anastasia is a 1956 American historical drama film directed by Anatole Litvak.
Anastasiya Alexandrovna Kapachinskaya (Анастасия Александровна Капачинская; born November 20, 1979) is a sprint athlete.
Anatoli Nikolaevich Boukreev (Анато́лий Никола́евич Букре́ев; January 16, 1958 – December 25, 1997) was a Russian Kazakhstani mountaineer who made ascents of 10 of the 14 eight-thousander peaks, i.e., peaks above, without supplemental oxygen.
Anatomical pathology (Commonwealth) or Anatomic pathology (U.S.) is a medical specialty that is concerned with the diagnosis of disease based on the macroscopic, microscopic, biochemical, immunologic and molecular examination of organs and tissues.
Ancel Benjamin Keys (January 26, 1904 – November 20, 2004) was an American physiologist who studied the influence of diet on health.
Ancient Greece was a civilization belonging to a period of Greek history from the Greek Dark Ages of the 13th–9th centuries BC to the end of antiquity (AD 600).
The Ancient Greek language includes the forms of Greek used in ancient Greece and the ancient world from around the 9th century BC to the 6th century AD.
The architecture of ancient Greece is the architecture produced by the Greek-speaking people (Hellenic people) whose culture flourished on the Greek mainland, the Peloponnese, the Aegean Islands, and in colonies in Anatolia and Italy for a period from about 900 BC until the 1st century AD, with the earliest remaining architectural works dating from around 600 BC.
Ancient history is the aggregate of past events, "History" from the beginning of recorded human history and extending as far as the Early Middle Ages or the post-classical history.
Ancona ((elbow)) is a city and a seaport in the Marche region in central Italy, with a population of around 101,997.
Andújar is a Spanish municipality of 38,539 people (2005) in the province of Jaén, in Andalusia.
Anders Frederik Emil Victor Schau Lassen, VC, MC & Two Bars (22 September 1920 – 9 April 1945) was a highly decorated Danish soldier, who was the only non-Commonwealth recipient of the British Victoria Cross in the Second World War.
Andocides (Ἀνδοκίδης, Andokides; c. 440 – c. 390 BC) was a logographer (speech writer) in Ancient Greece.
Andon Beça (7 September 1879 – 31 October 1944) was an Albanian politician.
André Paul Guillaume Gide (22 November 1869 – 19 February 1951) was a French author and winner of the Nobel Prize in Literature.
André-Marie Ampère (20 January 177510 June 1836) was a French physicist and mathematician who was one of the founders of the science of classical electromagnetism, which he referred to as "electrodynamics".
Andrea Andreani (1540–1623) was an Italian engraver on wood, who was among the first printmakers in Italy to use chiaroscuro, which required multiple colours.
Andrea Bocelli, (born 22 September 1958) is an Italian singer, songwriter, and record producer.
Andrea Calogero Camilleri (born 6 September 1925) is an Italian writer.
Andrea Cesalpino (Latinized as Andreas Cæsalpinus) (6 June 1519 – 23 February 1603) was an Italian physician, philosopher and botanist.
Andrea Del Boca (born October 18, 1965 in Buenos Aires) is an Argentine and Italian telenovela actress.
Andrea Di Paola (born 1970) is an Italian astronomer and a discoverer of minor planets.
Andrea di Robilant (born Rome, Italy) is an Italian journalist and writer.
Andrea Gabrieli (1532/1533Bryant, Grove online – August 30, 1585) was an Italian composer and organist of the late Renaissance.
Andrea Mantegna (September 13, 1506) was an Italian painter, a student of Roman archeology, and son-in-law of Jacopo Bellini.
Andrea Pazienza (May 23, 1956 – June 16, 1988), was an Italian comics artist and painter.
Andrea dal Monte Sansovino or Andrea Contucci del Monte San Savino (1529) was an Italian sculptor active during the High Renaissance.
Andrea Tafi (1213–1294) was an Italian artist.
Andrea Zanzotto (10 October 1921 – 18 October 2011) was an Italian poet.
Andreas Gryphius (2 October 161616 July 1664) was a German lyric poet and dramatist.
Andreas Georgios Papandreou (Ανδρέας Γεώργιος Παπανδρέου,; 5 February 1919 – 23 June 1996) was a Greek economist, a socialist politician and a dominant figure in Greek politics.
Andreas Schlüter (July 16, 1659 in Gdansk; May 1714) was a German baroque sculptor and architect, active in the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation, the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, and the Russian Tsardom.
Andrei Andreyevich Gromyko (Андре́й Андре́евич Громы́ко; Андрэ́й Андрэ́евіч Грамы́ка; – 2 July 1989) was a Soviet communist politician during the Cold War.
Andrew Hoskins (born December 20, 1975 in Edmonton, Alberta) is a Canadian rower.
Andrew James Viterbi (born Andrea Giacomo Viterbi; March 9, 1935) is an Italian-born American electrical engineer and businessman who co-founded Qualcomm Inc. and invented the Viterbi algorithm.
Andrew Wells is a fictional character in the television series Buffy the Vampire Slayer and Angel, played by Tom Lenk.
Andrey Yefimovich Martynov (Андрей Ефимович Мартынов; 1768–1826) was a Russian painter and engraver.
Andrija Artuković (19 November 1899 – 16 January 1988) was a Croatian lawyer, politician and senior member of the Croatian nationalist and fascist Ustaše organisation, who held the Interior and Justice portfolios in the Government of the Independent State of Croatia (Nezavisna Država Hrvatska, NDH) during World War II.
Andriy Mykolayovych Shevchenko (Андрій Миколайович Шевченко,; born 29 September 1976) is a politician, football manager and retired Ukrainian footballer who played for Dynamo Kyiv, Milan, Chelsea and the Ukraine national team as a striker.
Andrychów (list, list, hist. also Andrychau) is the largest town in Wadowice County in southern Poland, in Little Beskids, in historical region Lesser Poland, with 22,257 inhabitants.
Richard Andrew Robinson OBE (born 3 April 1964) is an English rugby union coach and retired player.
Aneta is a city in Nelson County, North Dakota, United States.
Angel Airlines was a private airline with its base at Băneasa Airport (the capital's second airport), Bucharest, Romania.
Angel Dust is the fourth studio album by American rock band Faith No More.
Maria Anna Angelika Kauffmann (30 October 1741 – 5 November 1807), usually known in English as Angelica Kauffman, was a Swiss Neoclassical painter who had a successful career in London and Rome.
Angelo Branduardi (born February 12, 1950), is an Italian folk/folk rock singer-songwriter and composer who scored relative success in Italy and European countries such as France, Germany, Belgium, Netherlands and Greece.
Angelo Anthony Buono Jr. (October 5, 1934 – September 21, 2002) was an American serial killer, kidnapper and rapist, who together with his cousin Kenneth Bianchi were known as the Hillside Stranglers, and were convicted for killing ten young women in Los Angeles between October 1977 and February 1978.
Angelo d'Arrigo (April 3, 1961 – March 26, 2006) was an Italian aviator who held a number of world records in the field of flight, principally with microlights and hang gliders, with and without motors.
Count Angelo de Gubernatis (1840–26 February 1913), Italian man of letters, was born in Turin and educated there and at Berlin, where he studied philology.
Angelo Mai (Latin Angelus Maius; March 7, 1782September 8, 1854) was an Italian Cardinal and philologist.
Angelo Maria Bandini (25 September 1726 – 1803) was an Italian author and librarian born in Florence.
Angers is a city in western France, about southwest of Paris.
Angitia was a goddess among the Marsi, the Paeligni and other Oscan-Umbrian peoples of central Italy.
Anglicisation (or anglicization, see English spelling differences), occasionally anglification, anglifying, englishing, refers to modifications made to foreign words, names and phrases to make them easier to spell, pronounce, or understand in English.
The Anglo-Dutch wars (Engels–Nederlandse Oorlogen or Engelse Zeeoorlogen) were a series of conflicts fought, on one side, by the Dutch States (the Dutch Republic, later the Batavian Republic) and, on the other side, first by England and later by the Kingdom of Great Britain/the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
The Anglo-Ottoman Convention of 1913 (29 July 1913) was an agreement between the Sublime Porte of the Ottoman Empire and the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland which defined the limits of Ottoman jurisdiction in the area of the Persian Gulf with respect to Kuwait, Qatar, Bahrain, and the Shatt al-‘Arab.
Angolo Terme (Angól in Camunian dialect) is a comune in Val Camonica, province of Brescia, in Lombardy, Italy.
Aniello Falcone (15 November 16001656) was an Italian Baroque painter, active in Naples and noted for his painted depictions of battle scenes.
Kerstin Anita Marianne Ekberg (29 September 193111 January 2015) was a Swedish actress in American and European films.
Anita Wachter (born February 12, 1967) is a former World Cup alpine ski racer and Olympic gold medalist from Austria.
Ann Summers is a British multinational retailer company specialising in sex toys and lingerie, with over 140 high street stores in the UK, Ireland, and the Channel Islands. In 2000, Ann Summers acquired the Knickerbox brand, a label with an emphasis on more comfortable and feminine underwear, while the Ann Summers-labelled products tend to be more erotic in style. The chain had an annual turnover of £117.3 million in 2007-2008.
Anna Brandoli (born 25 July 1945) is an Italian female comic book artist.
Anna Guarini, Contessa Trotti (1563 – 3 May 1598) was an Italian virtuoso singer of the late Renaissance.
Anne Claude de Tubières-Grimoard de Pestels de Lévis, comte de Caylus, marquis d'Esternay, baron de Bransac (Anne Claude Philippe; October 31, 1692September 5, 1765), French antiquarian, proto-archaeologist and man of letters, was born in Paris.
Anne, Duke of Montmorency, Honorary Knight of the Garter (15 March 1493, Chantilly, Oise12 November 1567, Paris) was a French soldier, statesman and diplomat.
Anne of Brittany (25/26 January 1477 – 9 January 1514) was Duchess of Brittany from 1488 until her death, and queen consort of France from 1491 to 1498 and from 1499 to her death.
Annea Lockwood (born July 29, 1939, Christchurch, New Zealand) is a New Zealand born American composer.
Annibale Bergonzoli (1 November 1884 – 31 July 1973), nicknamed "barba elettrica", "Electric Whiskers", was an Italian Lieutenant General who served during World War I, the Spanish Civil War and World War II.
Annibale Carracci (November 3, 1560 – July 15, 1609) was an Italian painter, active in Bologna and later in Rome.
Annibale de Gasparis (November 9, 1819, Bugnara – March 21, 1892, Naples) was an Italian astronomer, born in Bugnara to parents originally from Tocco da Casauria.
Annie is a Broadway musical based upon the popular Harold Gray comic strip Little Orphan Annie, with music by Charles Strouse, lyrics by Martin Charnin, and book by Thomas Meehan.
Annulment is a legal procedure within secular and religious legal systems for declaring a marriage null and void.
Anorthite is the calcium endmember of plagioclase feldspar.
The Ansaldo armored car was a prototype built by Ansaldo in 1925, based on a Pavesi heavy tractor.
Ansgar Elde (27 November 1933 – 4 December 2000) was a Swedish artist famous for his work in ceramics.
Antalya Province (Antalya ili) is located on the Mediterranean coast of south-west Turkey, between the Taurus Mountains and the Mediterranean sea. Antalya Province is the centre of Turkey's tourism industry, attracting 30% of foreign tourists visiting Turkey. It was the world's third most visited city by number of international arrivals in 2011, displacing New York. Antalya is Turkey's biggest international sea resort. The province of Antalya corresponds to the lands of ancient Pamphylia to the east and Lycia to the west. It features a shoreline of with beaches, ports, and ancient cities scattered throughout, including the World Heritage Site Xanthos. The provincial capital is Antalya city with a population of 1,001,318. Antalya is the fastest-growing province in Turkey; with a 4.17% yearly population growth rate between years 1990–2000, compared with the national rate of 1.83%. This growth is due to a fast rate of urbanization, particularly driven by tourism and other service sectors on the coast.
Antônio Carlos Gomes (Campinas, July 11, 1836 – Belém, September 16, 1896) was the first New World composer whose work was accepted by Europe.
Ante Gotovina (born 12 October 1955) is a Croatian retired lieutenant general and former French senior corporal who served in the Croatian War for Independence.
Ante Trumbić (17 May 1864 – 17 November 1938) was a Croatian politician in the early 20th century.
Anthony Joseph Bevilacqua (June 17, 1923 – January 31, 2012) was an American cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church.
Anthony Downs (born November 21, 1930) is an American economist specializing in public policy and public administration.
Anthony Joseph Celebrezze Sr. (born Antonio Giuseppe Cilibrizzi,; September 4, 1910 – October 29, 1998) was an American politician of the Democratic Party, who served as the 49th Mayor of Cleveland, Ohio, as a cabinet member in the Kennedy and Johnson administrations, and as a U.S. appeals court judge.
Anthony M. LaPaglia (born 31 January 1959) is an Australian actor.
Saint Anthony Maria Zaccaria (Italian: Antonio Maria Zaccaria) (1502 – 5 July 1539) was an early leader of the Counter Reformation.
Saint Anthony of Padua (St.), born Fernando Martins de Bulhões (15 August 1195 – 13 June 1231), also known as Anthony of Lisbon, was a Portuguese Catholic priest and friar of the Franciscan Order.
Sir Antonio Genesio Maria Panizzi (16 September 1797 – 8 April 1879), better known as Anthony Panizzi, was a naturalised British librarian of Italian birth and an Italian patriot.
Sir Anthony Shirley (or Sherley) (1565–1635) was an English traveller, whose imprisonment in 1603 by King James I caused the English House of Commons to assert one of its privileges—freedom of its members from arrest—in a document known as The Form of Apology and Satisfaction.
Anthony John Spilotro (May 19, 1938 – June 14, 1986), nicknamed "The Ant", was an American mobster and enforcer for the Chicago Outfit in Las Vegas, Nevada, during the 1970s and 1980s.
Sir Anthony van Dyck (many variant spellings; 22 March 1599 – 9 December 1641) was a Flemish Baroque artist who became the leading court painter in England, after enjoying great success in Italy and the Southern Netherlands.
Anti-clericalism is opposition to religious authority, typically in social or political matters.
Anti-ship missiles are guided missiles that are designed for use against ships and large boats.
Antiandrogens, also known as androgen antagonists or testosterone blockers, are a class of drugs that prevent androgens like testosterone and dihydrotestosterone (DHT) from mediating their biological effects in the body.
Antibes (Provençal Occitan: Antíbol) is a Mediterranean resort in the Alpes-Maritimes department of southeastern France, on the Côte d'Azur between Cannes and Nice.
Antigonus II Gonatas (Ἀντίγονος B΄ Γονατᾶς) (c. 319–239 BC) was a powerful ruler who solidified the position of the Antigonid dynasty in Macedon after a long period defined by anarchy and chaos and acquired fame for his victory over the Gauls who had invaded the Balkans.
Antioch in Pisidia – alternatively Antiochia in Pisidia or Pisidian Antioch (Ἀντιόχεια τῆς Πισιδίας) and in Roman Empire, Latin: Antiochia Caesareia or Antiochia Colonia Caesarea – is a city in the Turkish Lakes Region, which is at the crossroads of the Mediterranean, Aegean and Central Anatolian regions, and formerly on the border of Pisidia and Phrygia, hence also known as Antiochia in Phrygia.
In Greek mythology, Antiphates (Ancient Greek: Ἀντιφάτης) is the name of five characters.
An antiphon (Greek ἀντίφωνον, ἀντί "opposite" and φωνή "voice") is a short chant in Christian ritual, sung as a refrain.
Adalbert or Albert or Aleric (Adalberto, Alberto or Alerico) was an Italian cardinal and suburbicarian bishop of Santa Rufina elected as antipope in January 1101 by the imperial party in Rome following the arrest and imprisonment of Antipope Theodoric.
Guibert or Wibert of Ravenna (1029 – 8 September 1100) was an Italian prelate, archbishop of Ravenna, who was elected pope in 1080 in opposition to Pope Gregory VII.
John XVI (945 – 1001; born Ιωάννης Φιλάγαθος, Ioannis Philagathos; Giovanni Filagato; Johannes Philagathus) was an antipope from 997 to 998.
Nicholas V, born Pietro Rainalducci (c. 125816 October 1333) was an antipope in Italy from 12 May 1328 to 25 July 1330 during the pontificate of Pope John XXII (1316–34) at Avignon.
Antoine Girard, sieur de Saint-Amant (September 30, 1594December 29, 1661), French poet, was born near Rouen.
Anton Raphael Mengs (March 22, 1728 – June 29, 1779) was a German Bohemian painter, active in Rome, Madrid and Saxony, who became one of the precursors to Neoclassical painting.
Antonello da Messina, properly Antonello di Giovanni di Antonio, but also called Antonello degli Antoni and Anglicized as Anthony of Messina (1430February 1479), was an Italian painter from Messina, Sicily, active during the Italian Renaissance.
Antonia Minor (PIR2 A 885), also known as Julia Antonia Minor, Antonia the Younger or simply Antonia (31 January 36 BC - 1 May AD 37) was the younger of two daughters of Mark Antony and Octavia Minor.
Antoninus Pius (Titus Aelius Hadrianus Antoninus Augustus Pius; 19 September 867 March 161 AD), also known as Antoninus, was Roman emperor from 138 to 161.
Antonio Abetti (June 19, 1846 – February 20, 1928) was an Italian astronomer.
Antonio Cassano (born 12 July 1982) is an Italian former professional footballer who played as a forward.
Pietro Marc'Antonio Cesti (baptism 5 August 162314 October 1669), known today primarily as an Italian composer of the Baroque era, was also a singer (tenor), and organist.
Antonio Cifra (1584? – 2 October 1629 in Loreto) was an Italian composer of the Roman School of the Renaissance and early Baroque eras.
Antonio Allegri da Correggio (August 1489 – March 5, 1534), usually known as Correggio, was the foremost painter of the Parma school of the Italian Renaissance, who was responsible for some of the most vigorous and sensuous works of the 16th century.
The Apostolic Palace, which was the main project of Bramante during Sangallo's apprenticeship. The church of Santa Maria di Loreto near the Trajan's Market in Rome. The Villa Farnese in Caprarola; the initial design was by Sangallo and Baldassare Peruzzi. San Giovanni dei Fiorentini; Sangallo was responsible for the foundation projecting out into the Tiber. View of St. Patrick's Well in Orvieto. Antonio da Sangallo the Younger (12 April 14843 August 1546), also known as Antonio da San Gallo, was an Italian architect active during the Renaissance, mainly in Rome and the Papal States.
Antonio de Cabezón (30 March 1510 – 26 March 1566) was a Spanish Renaissance composer and organist.
Antonio de Guevara (c. 1481 – 3 April 1545) was a Spanish chronicler and moralist.
Antonio Francesco Gramsci (22 January 1891 – 27 April 1937) was an Italian Marxist philosopher and politician.
Antonio Maria Valsalva (17 January 1666 – 2 February 1723), was an Italian anatomist born in Imola.
Antonio Santi Giuseppe Meucci (13 April 1808 – 18 October 1889) was an Italian inventor and an associate of Giuseppe Garibaldi (a major political figure in the history of Italy).
Antonio "Toni" Negri (born 1 August 1933) is an Italian Marxist sociologist and political philosopher, best known for his co-authorship of Empire and secondarily for his work on Spinoza.
Antonio Pacchioni (1665–1726) was an Italian scientist and anatomist, who focused chiefly on the outermost meningeal layer of the brain, the dura mater.
Antonio Pacinotti (17 June 1841 – 24 March 1912) was an Italian physicist, who was Professor of Physics at the University of Pisa.
Antonio Pigafetta (c. 1491 – c. 1531) was an Italian scholar and explorer from the Republic of Venice.
Antonio Porchia (November 13, 1885 – November 9, 1968) was an Argentinian poet.
Antonio Pucci (c. 1310 – 1388) was a Florentine bellfounder, town crier, self-taught as a versifier, who wrote his collection, Libro di varie storie ("Book of Various Tales"), using a popular dialect for a popular audience.
Blessed Antonio Francesco Davide Ambrogio Rosmini-Serbati (Rovereto, 25 March 1797Stresa, 1 July 1855) was an Italian Roman Catholic priest and philosopher.
Antonio Gamberelli (1427–1479),Janson, H.W. (1995) History of Art.
Antonio Russolo (1877 - 1942) was an Italian Futurist composer, brother of the more famous Futurist composer and theorist Luigi Russolo.
Antonio Salviati (18 March 1816 – 25 January 1890) was an Italian glass manufacturer and founder of the Salviati family firm.
Antonio Segni (2 February 1891 – 1 December 1972) was an Italian politician who was the 34th Prime Minister of Italy (1955–1957, 1959–1960), and the fourth President of the Italian Republic from 1962 to 1964.
Antonio Vagnozzi (born 1950) is an amateur Italian astronomer and a discoverer of asteroids.
Sir Anthonis Mor, also known as Anthonis Mor van Dashorst and Antonio Moro (c. 1517 – 1577) was a Netherlandish portrait painter, much in demand by the courts of Europe.
Anzio is a city and comune on the coast of the Lazio region of Italy, about south of Rome.
The Commonwealth of Nations Anzio War Cemetery is to be found about a kilometer from Anzio town in the Lazio region of Italy.
is the capital city of Aomori Prefecture, in the northern Tōhoku region of northern Japan.
Aonio Paleario (c. 1500July 3, 1570) was an Italian Christian termed a reformer.
Aosta (Aoste; Aoûta; Augusta Praetoria Salassorum; Augschtal; Osta) is the principal city of Aosta Valley, a bilingual region in the Italian Alps, north-northwest of Turin.
The Aosta Valley (Valle d'Aosta (official) or Val d'Aosta (usual); Vallée d'Aoste (official) or Val d'Aoste (usual); Val d'Outa (usual); Augschtalann or Ougstalland; Val d'Osta) is a mountainous autonomous region in northwestern Italy.
Apéritifs and digestifs are drinks, typically alcoholic, that are normally served before (apéritif) or after (digestif) a meal.
The Apennine culture is a technology complex in central and southern Italy from the Italian Middle Bronze Age (15th-14th centuries BC).
The Apennines or Apennine Mountains (Ἀπέννινα ὄρη; Appenninus or Apenninus Mons—a singular used in the plural;Apenninus has the form of an adjective, which would be segmented Apenn-inus, often used with nouns such as mons (mountain) or Greek ὄρος oros, but just as often used alone as a noun. The ancient Greeks and Romans typically but not always used "mountain" in the singular to mean one or a range; thus, "the Apennine mountain" refers to the entire chain and is translated "the Apennine mountains". The ending can vary also by gender depending on the noun modified. The Italian singular refers to one of the constituent chains rather than to a single mountain and the Italian plural refers to multiple chains rather than to multiple mountains. Appennini) are a mountain range consisting of parallel smaller chains extending along the length of peninsular Italy.
Apennins was a department of the First French Empire of 1804-1814 in present-day Italy.
Aphrodite's Child was a Greek progressive rock band formed in 1967, by Vangelis Papathanassiou (keyboards), Demis Roussos (bass guitar and vocals), Loukas Sideras (drums and vocals), and Silver Koulouris (guitar).
Aphthitalite is a potassium sulfate mineral with the chemical formula: (K,Na)3Na(SO4)2.
Aphthona flava is a beetle of the genus Aphthona.
Apocynum, commonly known as dogbane or Indian hemp, is a genus of the plant family of the Apocynaceae with seven species.
Apollonius of Tyana (Ἀπολλώνιος ὁ Τυανεύς; c. 15 – c. 100 AD), sometimes also called Apollonios of Tyana, was a Greek Neopythagorean philosopher from the town of Tyana in the Roman province of Cappadocia in Anatolia.
The Hague Convention Abolishing the Requirement of Legalisation for Foreign Public Documents, the Apostille Convention, or the Apostille Treaty, is an international treaty drafted by the Hague Conference on Private International Law.
The Apostolic Assembly of the Faith in Christ Jesus (Apostolic Assembly) is the oldest Spanish-speaking Oneness Pentecostal denomination in the United States.
In Catholicism, an apostolic see is any episcopal see whose foundation is attributed to one or more of the apostles of Jesus.
An appellation is a legally defined and protected geographical indication used to identify where the grapes for a wine were grown; other types of food often have appellations as well.
The appellation d'origine contrôlée (AOC;; "protected designation of origin") is the French certification granted to certain French geographical indications for wines, cheeses, butters, and other agricultural products, all under the auspices of the government bureau Institut national des appellations d'origine, now called Institut national de l'origine et de la qualité (INAO).
The Appian Way (Latin and Italian: Via Appia) is one of the earliest and strategically most important Roman roads of the ancient republic.
An apricot is a fruit, or the tree that bears the fruit, of several species in the genus Prunus (stone fruits).
Aprilia is an Italian motorcycle company, one of the brands owned by Piaggio.
Aqua Tofana (also known as Acqua Toffana, Aqua Tophana, and Aqua Tufania and "Manna di San Nicola") was a strong poison that was reputedly widely used in Naples and Rome, Italy.
The Aquila Italiana founded as the "Società Anonima Aquila" and quickly renamed as "Società Anonima Italiana Aquila" was an Italian automobile manufacturer from 1906 to 1917.
Aquilonia is a town and comune in the province of Avellino, part of the Campania region of southern Italy.
Five ships of the Argentine Navy have been named ARA Santiago del Estero after the Santiago del Estero Province of Argentina.
The Arab British Helicopter Company (ABHCO), (Arabic:الشركة العربية البريطانية للمروحيات) an affiliate of the Arab Organization for Industrialization (AOI), is an Anglo-Italiano-Egyptian joint venture which manufactured the Westland Gazelle under licence in Egypt.
Arab Christians (مسيحيون عرب Masīḥiyyūn ʿArab) are Arabs of the Christian faith.
Arab diaspora refers to descendants of the Arab immigrants who, voluntarily or as refugees, emigrated from their native lands to non-Arab countries, primarily in South America, Europe, North America, and parts of South Asia, Southeast Asia, the Caribbean, and West Africa.
The Arab world (العالم العربي; formally: Arab homeland, الوطن العربي), also known as the Arab nation (الأمة العربية) or the Arab states, currently consists of the 22 Arab countries of the Arab League.
Arabs (عَرَب ISO 233, Arabic pronunciation) are a population inhabiting the Arab world.
Aralia, or spikenard, is a genus of the family Araliaceae, consisting of 68 accepted species of deciduous or evergreen trees, shrubs, and rhizomatous herbaceous perennials.
Aramirè is music group from Salento, Italy, specializing in various forms of local traditional music.
The Arbëreshë (Arbëreshët e Italisë or Shqiptrarët e Italisë), also known as Albanians of Italy or Italo-Albanians, are an Albanian ethnic and linguistic group in Southern Italy, mostly concentrated in scattered villages in the region of Apulia, Basilicata, Calabria, Molise and Sicily.
The Arc de Triomphe de l'Étoile (Triumphal Arch of the Star) is one of the most famous monuments in Paris, standing at the western end of the Champs-Élysées at the center of Place Charles de Gaulle, formerly named Place de l'Étoile — the étoile or "star" of the juncture formed by its twelve radiating avenues.
Arcanite is a potassium sulfate mineral with formula: K2SO4.
The Cathedral of the Most Holy Savior and of Saints John the Baptist and the Evangelist in the Lateran, (Santissimo Salvatore e Santi Giovanni Battista ed Evangelista in Laterano) - also known as the Papal Archbasilica of St.
Archduke Eugen Ferdinand Pius Bernhard Felix Maria of Austria-Teschen (21 May 1863 – 30 December 1954) was an Archduke of Austria and a Prince of Hungary and Bohemia.
Archduke Joseph August Viktor Klemens Maria of Austria, Prince of Hungary and Bohemia (9 August 1872 – 6 July 1962) was a Feldmarschall (Field Marshal) of the Austro-Hungarian Army and for a short period head of state of Hungary.
At the 1976 Summer Olympics two archery events were contested.
Archidamus III (Ancient Greek: Ἀρχίδαμος Γ΄), the son of Agesilaus II, was king of Sparta from 360 BC to 338 BC.
Archie Moore (born Archibald Lee Wright; December 13, 1916 – December 9, 1998) was an American professional boxer and the longest reigning World Light Heavyweight Champion of all time (December 1952 – May 1962).
The title archimandrite (ἀρχιμανδρίτης archimandritis), primarily used in the Eastern Orthodox and the Eastern Catholic churches, originally referred to a superior abbot whom a bishop appointed to supervise several 'ordinary' abbots (each styled hegumenos) and monasteries, or to the abbot of some especially great and important monastery.
Archimedes of Syracuse (Ἀρχιμήδης) was a Greek mathematician, physicist, engineer, inventor, and astronomer.
Archimedes is a large lunar impact crater on the eastern edges of the Mare Imbrium.
An architrave (from architrave "chief beam", also called an epistyle; from Greek ἐπίστυλον epistylon "door frame") is the lintel or beam that rests on the capitals of the columns.
The Archpoet (1130 – c. 1165), or Archipoeta (in Latin and German),Jeep 2001: 21.
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi is a plant species of the genus Arctostaphylos (manzanita).
The Ardeatine massacre, or Fosse Ardeatine massacre (Eccidio delle Fosse Ardeatine) was a mass killing carried out in Rome on 24 March 1944 by German occupation troops during the Second World War as a reprisal for a partisan attack conducted on the previous day in central Rome against the SS Police Regiment Bozen.
Ardesio is a comune in the province of Bergamo, in Lombardy, Italy.
Count Ardito Desio (18 April 1897 – 12 December 2001) was an Italian explorer, mountain climber, geologist, and cartographer.
An arena, is a covered or not covered enclosed area, often circular or oval-shaped, designed to showcase theater, musical performances, or sporting events.
Arena is a brand of competitive swimwear created in 1973 at Adidas AG Herzogenaurach, Bavaria, Germany.
The Argentine Air Force (Fuerza Aérea Argentina, or simply FAA) is the national aviation branch of the Armed Forces of the Argentine Republic.
The Navy of the Argentine Republic or Argentine Navy (Armada de la República Argentina — ARA, also Armada Argentina) is the navy of Argentina.
The Argentine Rugby Union (Unión Argentina de Rugby, abbreviated "UAR") is the governing body for rugby union in Argentina.
Argo 16 was the codename of an Italian Air Force C-47 Dakota aircraft, registration MM61832, used by the Italian Secret Service SID and the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) in covert operations.
The Ariane 4 was an expendable launch system, designed by the Centre national d'études spatiales while being manufactured and marketed by its subsidiary Arianespace.
Ariane 5 is a European heavy-lift launch vehicle that is part of the Ariane rocket family, an expendable launch system used to deliver payloads into geostationary transfer orbit (GTO) or low Earth orbit (LEO).
The C1 Ariete is the main battle tank of the Italian Army, developed by a consortium formed by Iveco-Fiat and Oto Melara (CIO, Consorzio Iveco Oto Melara).
Ridolfo "Aristotele" Fioravanti (born c. 1415 or 1420 in Bologna; died c. 1486) was an Italian Renaissance architect and engineer, active in Muscovy from 1475, where he designed the Dormition Cathedral, Moscow during 1475–1479.
Arius (Ἄρειος, 250 or 256–336) was a Christian presbyter and ascetic of Berber origin, and priest in Baucalis in Alexandria, Egypt.
The Arlington Memorial Bridge is a Neoclassical masonry, steel, and stone arch bridge with a central bascule (or drawbridge) that crosses the Potomac River at Washington, D.C., the capital of the United States.
Arlington National Cemetery is a United States military cemetery in Arlington County, Virginia, across the Potomac River from Washington, D.C., in whose the dead of the nation's conflicts have been buried, beginning with the Civil War, as well as reinterred dead from earlier wars.
Armand de Bourbon, Prince of Conti (11 October 162926 February 1666) was a French nobleman, the younger son of Henri II, Prince of Condé and Charlotte Marguerite de Montmorency, daughter of Henri I, Duke of Montmorency.
Armand de Gontaut, baron de Biron (152426 July 1592) was a celebrated French soldier of the 16th century.
Armand Hammer (May 21, 1898Armand Hammer, The Untold Story by Steve Weinberg, p. 16 – December 10, 1990) was an American business manager and owner, most closely associated with Occidental Petroleum, a company he ran from 1957 until his death, though he was known as well for his art collection, his philanthropy, and for his close ties to the Soviet Union.
Armand van Helden (born February 16, 1970) is an American DJ, record producer, remixer and songwriter from Boston, Massachusetts.
The Armed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina (OSBiH; Serbo-Croat-Bosnian: Oružane snage Bosne i Hercegovine/Оружане снаге Босне и Херцеговине, ОСБИХ) is the official military force of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The Military of Ecuador is under civilian control.
The Guatemalan Armed Forces consists of the National Army of Guatemala (Ejercito Nacional de Guatemala, ENG), the Guatemalan National Defense Navy (Marina de la Defensa Nacional, includes Marines), the Guatemalan Air Force (Fuerza Aerea Guatemalteca, FAG), and the Presidential Honor Guard (Guardia de Honor Presidencial).
The Republican Forces of Côte d'Ivoire (Forces Republicaines de Cote d'Ivoire; "FRCI") is the current name of the armed forces of Ivory Coast.
The Armed Forces of Turkmenistan (Türkmenistanyň Ýaragly Güýçleri, Түркменистаның Йараглы Гүйчлери) consists of an Army, Navy, Air and Air Defense Forces, Border Troops, and Internal Troops, and a National Guard.
The Armenian diaspora refers to the communities of Armenians outside Armenia and other locations where Armenians are considered an indigenous population.
The armet is a type of helmet which was developed in the 15th century.
Armitage Shanks is a British manufacturer of bathroom fixtures and plumbing supplies.
An armoured fighting vehicle (AFV) is an armed combat vehicle protected by armour, generally combining operational mobility with offensive and defensive capabilities.
An army (from Latin arma "arms, weapons" via Old French armée, "armed" (feminine)) or land force is a fighting force that fights primarily on land.
The Army of Occupation Medal is a military award of the United States military which was established by the United States War Department on 5 April 1946.
Armies have military rank systems that are often used by other military services such as air forces or marines.
Arnaldo Forlani, (born 8 December 1925) is an Italian politician who served as the 43rd Prime Minister of Italy from 18 October 1980 to 28 June 1981.
Arncliffe is a suburb in southern Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia.
The Arno is a river in the Tuscany region of Italy.
Arno was a department of the First French Empire in present-day Italy.
Arnold Böcklin (16 October 182716 January 1901) was a Swiss symbolist painter.
The Arnolfini Portrait (or The Arnolfini Wedding, The Arnolfini Marriage, the Portrait of Giovanni Arnolfini and his Wife, or other titles) is a 1434 oil painting on oak panel by the Early Netherlandish painter Jan van Eyck.
Arnolfo di Cambio (c. 1240 – 1300/1310) was an Italian architect and sculptor.
Arnulf of Carinthia (850 – December 8, 899) was the duke of Carinthia who overthrew his uncle, Emperor Charles the Fat, became the Carolingian king of East Francia from 887, the disputed King of Italy from 894 and the disputed Holy Roman Emperor from February 22, 896 until his death at Regensburg, Bavaria.
ARO (short for Auto Romania) was a Romanian off-road vehicle manufacturer located in Câmpulung.
Arona (Piedmontese: Aron-a, Lombard: Aruna) is a town and comune on Lake Maggiore, in the province of Novara (northern Italy).
Arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia (ARVD), or arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC), is an inherited heart disease.
Arrigo Boito (24 February 1842 10 June 1918) (whose original name was Enrico Giuseppe Giovanni Boito and who wrote essays under the anagrammatic pseudonym of Tobia Gorrio), was an Italian poet, journalist, novelist, librettist and composer, best known today for his libretti, especially those for Giuseppe Verdi's operas Otello and Falstaff, and his own opera Mefistofele.
The art of Europe, or Western art, encompasses the history of visual art in Europe.
Arthritis is a term often used to mean any disorder that affects joints.
Arthur Berry (7 February 1925 – 4 July 1994) was an English playwright, poet, teacher and artist, who was born in Smallthorne, Stoke-on-Trent.
Arthur Claud Spencer Chichester, 4th Baron Templemore, (12 September 1880 – 2 October 1953) was a British soldier and politician of Anglo-Irish descent.
Arthur Hugh Clough (1 January 181913 November 1861) was an English poet, an educationalist, and the devoted assistant to Florence Nightingale.
Arthur Johnston (c.1579–1641) was a Scottish poet and physician.
Sir Arthur Lasenby Liberty (13 August 1843 – 11 May 1917) was a London merchant, and the founder of Liberty & Co.
Arthur Augustus William Harry Ponsonby, 1st Baron Ponsonby of Shulbrede (16 February 1871 – 23 March 1946), was a British politician, writer, and social activist.
Arthur William Symons (28 February 186522 January 1945), was a British poet, critic and magazine editor.
Colonel Sir Arthur Edwin Young KPM (15 February 1907 – 20 January 1979) was a British police officer.
Articolo 31 was a band from Milan, Italy, formed in 1990 by J-Ax and DJ Jad, combining hip hop, funk, pop and traditional Italian musical forms.
The term "articulated locomotive" usually means a steam locomotive with one or more engine units which can move independent of the main frame.
Artistic gymnastics is a discipline of gymnastics in which athletes perform short routines (ranging from approximately 30 to 90 seconds) on different apparatuses, with less time for vaulting.
Arthur Morgan "Arto" Lindsay (born May 28, 1953) is an American guitarist, singer, record producer and experimental composer.
Artogne (Artògne in camunian dialect) is an Italian comune in the province of Brescia, in Lombardy (Italy).
Artur Schnabel (17 April 1882 – 15 August 1951) was an Austrian classical pianist, who also composed and taught.
Arturo Benedetti Michelangeli (5 January 1920 – 12 June 1995) was an Italian classical pianist.
Arturo Frondizi Ercoli, GCMG (October 28, 1908 – April 18, 1995) was an Argentine politician and lawyer who acted as the President of Argentina between May 1, 1958, and March 29, 1962, for the Intransigent Radical Civic Union, which he led until 1986.
Arturo Gatti (April 15, 1972 – July 11, 2009) was an Italian Canadian professional boxer who competed from 1991 to 2007.
Arturo Graf (1848–1913), Italian poet, of German ancestry, was born at Athens.
Arturo Labriola (21 January 1873 – 23 June 1959) was an Italian revolutionary syndicalist and socialist politician and journalist.
Arturo Lupoli (born 24 June 1987) is an Italian footballer who plays as a forward for Fermana.
Arvanitika (Arvanitika: αρbε̰ρίσ̈τ, arbërisht; αρβανίτικα, arvanítika), also known as Arvanitic, is the variety of Albanian traditionally spoken by the Arvanites, a population group in Greece.
Asa Gray (November 18, 1810 – January 30, 1888) is considered the most important American botanist of the 19th century.
Ascanius (said to have reigned 1176-1138 BC) a legendary king of Alba Longa and is the son of the Trojan hero Aeneas and either Creusa, daughter of Priam, or Lavinia, daughter of Latinus.
Ascariasis is a disease caused by the parasitic roundworm Ascaris lumbricoides.
Ascoli Picchio F.C. 1898 S.p.A. is an Italian football club based in Ascoli Piceno, Marche.
Ash-Sharqiyyah Region (Al-Minṭaqah Ash-Sharqiyyah, English: Eastern Region) was the eastern region (مِـنْـطَـقَـة, transliteration: minṭaqah) of the Sultanate of Oman.
Ashtabula is a city in Ashtabula County, Ohio, United States, and the center of the Ashtabula Micropolitan Statistical Area (as defined by the United States Census Bureau in 2003).
Asia Argento (born Aria Maria Vittoria Rossa Argento; 20 September 1975) is an Italian actress, singer, model, activist and director.
Asiago (Cimbrian: Slege, German: Schlägen) is the name of both a major Italian PDO (Protected Designation of Origin) cheese and a minor township (population roughly 6,500) in the surrounding plateau region (the Altopiano di Asiago or Altopiano dei Sette Comuni, Asiago plateau) in the Province of Vicenza in the Veneto region of Northeastern Italy.
Asian Dub Foundation (ADF) is an English electronica band that combines the musical styles rapcore, dub, dancehall and ragga.
The Asian long-horned beetle (Anoplophora glabripennis), also known as the starry sky, sky beetle, or ALB, is native to eastern China, Japan, and Korea.
The asiento was the license issued by the Spanish crown, they were included in some peace treaties, by which a set of merchants received the monopoly on a trade route or product, an example of it was the payment of a fee, granting legal permission to sell a fixed number of African slaves in the Spanish colonies.
is a municipality in Sogn og Fjordane county, Norway.
The Asmara-Massawa Cableway was a cableway (or "ropeway") built in Italian Eritrea before World War II.The Eritrean Ropeway, completed in 1937, ran 71.8 km from the south end of Asmara until the city-port of Massawa.
Aspasia Manos (Ασπασία Μάνου; 4 September 1896 – 7 August 1972) was a Greek commoner who became the wife of Alexander I, King of Greece.
Asprilio Pacelli (or Pecelli) (1570 – 4 May 1623) was an Italian Baroque composer.
The Assa Abloy Group is a Swedish lock manufacturer, and is the world's largest lock manufacturer by sales volume.
Assisi embroidery is a form of counted-thread embroidery based on an ancient Italian needlework tradition in which the background is filled with embroidery stitches and the main motifs are outlined but not stitched.
The Association of Autonomous Astronauts is a worldwide network of community-based groups dedicated to building their own spaceships.
Assyrian people (ܐܫܘܪܝܐ), or Syriacs (see terms for Syriac Christians), are an ethnic group indigenous to the Middle East.
The Aston Martin DB4 GT Zagato was introduced in October 1960 at the London Motor Show.
Athalaric (5162 October 534) was the King of the Ostrogoths in Italy between 526 and 534.
Athens International Airport "Eleftherios Venizelos" (Διεθνής Αερολιμένας Αθηνών «Ελευθέριος Βενιζέλος», Diethnís Aeroliménas Athinón "Elefthérios Venizélos"), commonly initialized as "AIA", began operation on 28 March 2001 and is the primary international airport that serves the city of Athens and the region of Attica.
Athens, officially Athens–Clarke County, is a consolidated city–county and American college town in the U.S. state of Georgia.
Athis-Mons is a commune in the southern suburbs of Paris, France.
The men's 1500 metres at the 2004 Summer Olympics as part of the athletics program were held at the Athens Olympic Stadium from August 20 to 24.
The men's pole vault competition at the 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens was held at the Olympic Stadium on 25–27 August.
The women's high jump competition at the 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens was held at the Olympic Stadium on 26–28 August.
Atlit (עַתְלִית) is a coastal town located south of Haifa, Israel.
Atrani, Coast of Amalfi is a lithograph print by the Dutch artist M. C. Escher, first printed in August 1931.
Attachment parenting (AP) is a parenting philosophy that proposes methods which aim to promote the attachment of parent and infant not only by maximal parental empathy and responsiveness but also by continuous bodily closeness and touch.
Attila (fl. circa 406–453), frequently called Attila the Hun, was the ruler of the Huns from 434 until his death in March 453.
Aubenas is a commune in the southern part of the Ardèche department in the Rhône Valley in southern France.
Aubervilliers is a commune in the Seine-Saint-Denis department in the Île-de-France region in the north-eastern suburbs of Paris, France.
Colonel The Honourable Aubrey Nigel Henry Herbert (3 April 1880 – 26 September 1923) was a British diplomat, traveller, and intelligence officer associated with Albanian independence.
Auburn is a city in and the county seat of Placer County, California.
Auburn is a suburb in western Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia.
The Audi Quattro is a road and rally car, produced by the German automobile manufacturer Audi, part of the Volkswagen Group.
An audio multicore cable (often colloquially referred to in the US and Canada as a snake cable or just a snake) is a thick cable which contains from four to 64 individual audio cables inside a common, sturdy outer jacket.
August Bournonville (21 August 1805 – 30 November 1879) was a Danish ballet master and choreographer.
August Immanuel Bekker (21 May 17857 June 1871) was a German philologist and critic.
August Kopisch (26 May 1799 – 6 February 1853) was a German poet and painter.
Karl August Georg Maximilian Graf von Platen-Hallermünde (24 October 17965 December 1835) was a German poet and dramatist.
Augustana University is a private, Norwegian-heritage liberal arts college affiliated with the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America.
Auguste de Montferrand (January 23, 1786 – July 10, 1858) was a French Classicism architect who worked primarily in Russia.
Augustus Welby Northmore Pugin (1 March 181214 September 1852) was an English architect, designer, artist, and critic who is principally remembered for his pioneering role in the Gothic Revival style of architecture.
Sir Augustus Wall Callcott (20 February 177925 November 1844) was an English landscape painter.
Aurea, Societa Italiana Ferrotaie (Turin 1920-1922), Fabbrica Anonima Torinese Automobili (Turin 1922-1933).
Aurora, a suburb of Chicago, is a city predominantly in Kane County and DuPage County, with portions extending into Kendall and Will counties.
Auroville (City of Dawn) is an experimental township in Viluppuram district mostly in the state of Tamil Nadu, India with some parts in the Union Territory of Puducherry in South India.
Ausonia is the ancient Greek name for lower Italy, extended poetically to all Italy.
Sir Joseph Austen Chamberlain, KG (16 October 1863 – 16 March 1937) was a British statesman, son of Joseph Chamberlain and half-brother of Neville Chamberlain.
The Australian Institute of Sport (AIS) is a sports training institution in Australia.
The Australian Kelpie, or simply Kelpie, is an Australian sheep dog successful at mustering and droving with little or no guidance.
The Austrian Empire (Kaiserthum Oesterreich, modern spelling Kaisertum Österreich) was a Central European multinational great power from 1804 to 1919, created by proclamation out of the realms of the Habsburgs.
The Austrian Federal Railways (German: Österreichische Bundesbahnen or ÖBB, formerly the Bundesbahn Österreich or BBÖ) is the national railway system of Austria, and the administrator of Liechtenstein's railways.
The Austrian State Treaty (German) or Austrian Independence Treaty re-established Austria as a sovereign state.
Austrians (Österreicher) are a Germanic nation and ethnic group, native to modern Austria and South Tyrol that share a common Austrian culture, Austrian descent and Austrian history.
The Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867 (Ausgleich, Kiegyezés) established the dual monarchy of Austria-Hungary.
The Austro-Prussian War or Seven Weeks' War (also known as the Unification War, the War of 1866, or the Fraternal War, in Germany as the German War, and also by a variety of other names) was a war fought in 1866 between the Austrian Empire and the Kingdom of Prussia, with each also being aided by various allies within the German Confederation.
The Autódromo Internacional Nelson Piquet (Nelson Piquet International Autodrome), also known as Jacarepaguá after the neighbourhood in which it was located, was a motorsport circuit in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Autobianchi (literally translated "Bianchicar" or "Bianchimobile") was an Italian automobile manufacturer, created jointly by Bianchi, Pirelli and Fiat in 1955.
The Autodromo Internazionale Enzo e Dino Ferrari is a motorsport race circuit near the Italian town of Imola, east of Bologna and east of the Ferrari factory in Maranello.
The Autodromo Nazionale Monza is a historic race track located near the city of Monza, north of Milan, in Italy.
Automotive Design and Development Ltd (ADD) was an English company responsible for the creation of the futuristic-looking Nova kit car.
The automotive industry in the United Kingdom is now best known for premium and sports car marques including Aston Martin, Bentley, Caterham Cars, Daimler, Jaguar, Lagonda, Land Rover, Lister Cars, Lotus, McLaren, MG, Mini, Morgan and Rolls-Royce.
Ava Lavinia Gardner (December 24, 1922 – January 25, 1990) was an American actress and singer.
Available in All Colours is the debut album of One Minute Silence, released in 1998.
Avellino is a town and comune, capital of the province of Avellino in the Campania region of southern Italy.
Averara is a comune in the province of Bergamo, in Lombardy, Italy.
Avernus was an ancient name for a volcanic crater near Cumae (Cuma), Italy, in the Region of Campania west of Naples.
Avigliana (Piedmontese: Vijan-a) is a town and comune (municipality) in the Metropolitan City of Turin in the Italian region Piedmont, with 12 480 inhabitants as of 1-1-2017, located about west of Turin.
Avigliano (Lucano: Avigliàne) is a town and comune in the province of Potenza, in the southern Italian region of Basilicata.
Avoyelles (Paroisse des Avoyelles) is a parish located in central eastern Louisiana near the Mississippi and Atchafalaya rivers.
Baron Avro Manhattan (April 6, 1914– November 27, 1990) was a polymath and writer, primarily known for his criticisms of the Roman Catholic Church.
AvtoVAZ (АвтоВАЗ), formerly known as VAZ (Volzhsky Avtomobilny Zavod) (ВАЗ, Во́лжский автомоби́льный заво́д, or Volga Automobile Plant), is a Russian automobile manufacturer.
Axis & Allies is a series of World War II strategy board games.
Axum or Aksum (ኣኽሱም, አክሱም) is a city in the northern part of Ethiopia.
Aylesford is a village and civil parish on the River Medway in Kent, 4 miles NW of Maidstone in England.
The Aysén del General Carlos Ibáñez del Campo Region (Región de Aysén,, XI Región Aysén del General Carlos Ibáñez del Campo), often shortened to Aysén Region or Aisén,Examples of name usage:, official regional government site refers to the region as "Región de Aysén".
Azie Taylor Morton (February 1, 1936 – December 7, 2003) served as Treasurer of the United States during the Carter administration from September 12, 1977 to January 20, 1981.
Azure is a variation of blue that is often described as the color of the sky on a clear day.
Azzano Mella is a comune in the province of Brescia, in Lombardy, northern Italy.
Azzano San Paolo is a comune in the province of Bergamo, in Lombardy, Italy.
¡Ya basta! is a phrase in Spanish roughly approximate to "Enough is enough!" or "Enough already!" in English.
Blessed Álvaro del Portillo y Diez de Sollano (11 March 1914 – 23 March 1994) was a Spanish engineer and Roman Catholic bishop.
Ángel González Muñiz (6 September 1925 – 12 January 2008) was a major Spanish poet of the twentieth century.
Ángel Sanz Briz (28 September 1910 – 11 June 1980) was a Spanish diplomat who served under Francoist Spain during World War II.
Árpád Göncz (10 February 1922 – 6 October 2015) was a Hungarian liberal politician, who served as President of Hungary from 2 May 1990 to 4 August 2000.
Åsnes is a municipality in Hedmark county, Norway.
Ève Denise Curie Labouisse (December 6, 1904 – October 22, 2007) was a French and American writer, journalist and pianist.
Jacques Élisée Reclus (15 March 1830 – 4 July 1905) was a renowned French geographer, writer and anarchist.
Étienne Charles de Loménie de Brienne (9 October 1727 – 19 February 1794) was a French churchman, politician and finance minister of Louis XVI.
Étienne François Geoffroy (February 13, 1672January 6, 1731) was a French physician and chemist, best known for his 1718 affinity tables.
Étienne-François, Marquis de Stainville, 1er Duc de Choiseul (28 June 1719 – 8 May 1785) was a French military officer, diplomat and statesman.
Ötzi (also called the Iceman, the Similaun Man, the Man from Hauslabjoch, the Tyrolean Iceman, and the Hauslabjoch mummy) is a nickname given to the well-preserved natural mummy of a man who lived between 3400 and 3100 BCE.
The Ötztal Alps (Alpi Venoste, Ötztaler Alpen) are a mountain range in the Central Eastern Alps, in the State of Tyrol in southern Austria and the Province of South Tyrol in northern Italy.
Ústí nad Orlicí (Wildenschwert) is a city in the Ústí nad Orlicí District, Pardubice Region in Eastern Bohemia in the Czech Republic.
İdil Biret (born 21 November 1941 in Ankara, Turkey) is a Turkish concert pianist, renowned for her interpretations of the Romantic repertoire.
İstiklal Avenue or Istiklal Street (Turkish: İstiklâl Caddesi, Greek: Μεγάλη Οδός του Πέραν, French: Grande Rue de Péra, English: Independence Avenue) is one of the most famous avenues in Istanbul, Turkey, visited by nearly 3 million people in a single day over the course of weekends.
İzmir is a metropolitan city in the western extremity of Anatolia and the third most populous city in Turkey, after Istanbul and Ankara.
Łańcut (Polish pronunciation:; Landshut, לאַנצוט-Lantzut), is a town in south-eastern Poland, with 18,004 inhabitants, as of 2 June 2009.
is a city located in Fukuoka Prefecture, Japan.
The Šubić were one of the twelve tribes which constituted Croatian statehood in the Middle Ages; they held the county of Bribir (Varvaria) in inland Dalmatia.
Żurrieq (Iż-Żurrieq) is a town in the Southern Region of Malta.
Žilina (Sillein, or; Zsolna; Żylina, names in other languages) is a city in north-western Slovakia, around from the capital Bratislava, close to both the Czech and Polish borders.
Baalbek, properly Baʿalbek (بعلبك) and also known as Balbec, Baalbec or Baalbeck, is a city in the Anti-Lebanon foothills east of the Litani River in Lebanon's Beqaa Valley, about northeast of Beirut and about north of Damascus.
Babe: Pig in the City is a 1998 Australian-American comedy-drama film and the sequel to the 1995 film Babe.
Babesiosis is a malaria-like parasitic disease caused by infection with Babesia, a genus of Apicomplexa.
Baby Boomers (also known as Boomers) are the demographic cohort following the Silent Generation and preceding Generation X. There are varying timelines defining the start and the end of this cohort; demographers and researchers typically use birth years starting from the early- to mid-1940s and ending anywhere from 1960 to 1964.
Baby Ruth is an American candy bar made of peanuts, caramel, and chocolate-flavored nougat covered in compound chocolate.
Baccio D'Agnolo (19 May 14626 March 1543), born Bartolomeo Baglioni, was an Italian woodcarver, sculptor and architect from Florence.
Baccio Pontelli (c. 1450 – 1492) was an Italian architect.
Baconin Borzacchini (28 September 1898 – 10 September 1933) was an Italian Grand Prix motor racing driver often referred to as Mario Umberto Borzacchini.
Bad Manners are an English two-tone and ska band led by frontman Buster Bloodvessel.
Bad Ragaz is a municipality in the Wahlkreis (constituency) of Sarganserland in the canton of St. Gallen in Switzerland.
Baden-Baden is a spa town located in the state of Baden-Württemberg in southwestern Germany.
The Badìa Fiorentina is an abbey and church now home to the Monastic Communities of Jerusalem situated on the Via del Proconsolo in the centre of Florence, Italy.
Badlands are a type of dry terrain where softer sedimentary rocks and clay-rich soils have been extensively eroded by wind and water.
Bagnolo di Po is a comune in the province of Rovigo, in Veneto, Italy.
A Bahá'í House of Worship, sometimes referred to by the name of mašriqu-l-'aḏkār (مشرق اﻻذكار), an Arabic phrase meaning "Dawning-place of the remembrances of God", is the designation of a place of worship, or temple, of the Bahá'í Faith.
Baia Mare (Nagybánya; Frauenbach; Бая-Маре; Rivulus Dominarum; באניע, Banya) is a municipality along the Săsar River, in northwestern Romania; it is the capital of Maramureș County.
Baiae (Baia; Baia) was an ancient Roman town situated on the northwest shore of the Gulf of Naples, and now in the comune of Bacoli.
The Bailey bridge is a type of portable, pre-fabricated, truss bridge.
Baixo Guandu is a municipality located in the Brazilian state of Espírito Santo that was founded on April 10, 1935 and established as a city on June 8, same year.
Bal-musette is a style of French music and dance that first became popular in Paris in the 1880s.
A balanced budget amendment is a constitutional rule requiring that a state cannot spend more than its income.
Balbina Steffenone (also spelled Bina or Steffanone or Steffenoni, 1825–1896) was a 19th-century soprano.
A balcony (from balcone, scaffold; cf. Old High German balcho, beam, balk; probably cognate with Persian term بالكانه bālkāneh or its older variant پالكانه pālkāneh) is a platform projecting from the wall of a building, supported by columns or console brackets, and enclosed with a balustrade, usually above the ground floor.
Baldassare Donato (also Donati) (1525-1530 – June 1603) was an Italian composer and singer of the Venetian school of the late Renaissance.
Baldus de Ubaldis (Italian: Baldo degli Ubaldi; 1327 – 28 April 1400) was an Italian jurist, and a leading figure in Medieval Roman Law.
Baldwin Street, in Dunedin, New Zealand is the world's steepest residential street, according to Guinness World Records.
The Balkan Campaign of World War II began with the Italian invasion of Greece on 28 October 1940.
The ballata (plural: ballate) is an Italian poetic and musical form in use from the late 13th to the 15th century.
A ballot box is a temporarily sealed container, usually a square box though sometimes a tamper resistant bag, with a narrow slot in the top sufficient to accept a ballot paper in an election but which prevents anyone from accessing the votes cast until the close of the voting period.
Balmaseda (in Basque and officially, in Spanish: Valmaseda) is a town and municipality located in the province of Biscay, in the Basque Country.
Balsamic vinegar (aceto balsamico) is a very dark, concentrated, and intensely flavoured vinegar made wholly or partially from grape must, originating in Italy.
Baltimora was an Italian music project active in the 1980s.
Bam Balams were an Australian rock band which formed in 1984 and disbanded in 1992.
Bambusa is a large genus of clumping bamboos.
Banco Ambrosiano was an Italian bank that collapsed in 1982.
Banco Popular Español, S.A. was the sixth largest banking group in Spain before it was bought by Banco Santander as part of a rescue package in June 2017.
The Bandidos Motorcycle Club, also known as the Bandido Nation, is a "one-percenter" motorcycle club with a worldwide membership.
Bank of America Corporation (abbreviated as BofA) is an American multinational financial services company headquartered in Charlotte, North Carolina.
Headquarters in Rome The Bank of Italy, known in Italian as Banca d'Italia, also known as Bankitalia, is the central bank of Italy and part of the European System of Central Banks.
Bank of Valletta plc (BOV) is a Maltese bank and financial services company headquartered in Santa Venera.
Bank Sepah (بانک سپه), the first Iranian bank, was established in 1925 (corresponding to 1304 in the Iranian Calendar).
A banknote (often known as a bill, paper money, or simply a note) is a type of negotiable promissory note, made by a bank, payable to the bearer on demand.
Banská Štiavnica (Schemnitz; Selmecbánya (Selmec)) is a town in central Slovakia, in the middle of an immense caldera created by the collapse of an ancient volcano.
Bansko (Банско) is a town in southwestern Bulgaria, located at the foot of the Pirin Mountains at an elevation of 927 m above sea level.
The Baptism of the Christ (or the Baptism of Christ) is the feast day commemorating the baptism of Jesus in the Jordan River by John the Baptist.
Bar (Montenegrin Cyrillic: Бар) is a coastal town and seaport in southern Montenegro.
Bar (Бар; Bar; Barium; Βάρ; Bar; Бар) is a town located on the Riv River in the Vinnytsia Oblast (province) of central Ukraine.
Bar-sur-Aube is a French commune and a sub-prefecture in the Aube department in the Grand Est region of France.
Baraka is a 1992 non-narrative documentary film directed by Ron Fricke.
Baranavichy (Бара́навічы, Łacinka: Baranavičy, Baranavichy; Бара́новичи, Baranowicze, Baranovičiai, באראנאוויטש, Baranovitsh) is a city in the Brest Region of western Belarus with a population (as of 1995) of 173,000.
The Barbary falcon (Falco pelegrinoides) is a medium-sized falcon about the size of a crow.
The Barbary Wars were a series of conflicts that culminated in two wars fought at different times over the same reasons between the United States, Sweden, and the Barbary states (the de jure possessions of the Ottoman Empire, but de facto independent, Tunis, Algiers, and Tripoli) of North Africa in the late 18th and early 19th centuries.
Barbera is a red Italian wine grape variety that, as of 2000, was the third most-planted red grape variety in Italy (after Sangiovese and Montepulciano).
Barcellona Pozzo di Gotto (Sicilian: Baccialona Pizzaottu) is a town and comune of about 50,000 inhabitants in the north coast of Sicily, Italy, from Messina towards Palermo.
Barcelona is a city in Spain.
Bargen is a municipality in the canton of Schaffhausen in Switzerland.
Bari (Barese: Bare; Barium; translit) is the capital city of the Metropolitan City of Bari and of the Apulia region, on the Adriatic Sea, in southern Italy.
Barium is a chemical element with symbol Ba and atomic number 56.
Barletta is a city, comune and capoluogo together with Andria and Trani of Apulia, in south eastern Italy.
Barnaba Oriani FRS FRSE (17 July 1752 – 12 November 1832) was an Italian priest, geodesist, astronomer and scientist.
Barney Guillermo Williams (born March 13, 1977) is a Canadian rower.
Baron Franz von der Trenck (German: Franz Freiherr von der Trenck, Croatian: Barun Franjo Trenk) (Reggio di Calabria. January 1, 1711 – Brno. October 4, 1749) was an Austrian soldier.
Baron O'Neill, of Shane's Castle in the County of Antrim, is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
A barrage balloon is a large kite balloon used to defend against aircraft attack by raising aloft cables which pose a collision risk, making the attacker's approach more difficult.
Barre is the most populous city in Washington County, Vermont, United States.
A barrel vault, also known as a tunnel vault or a wagon vault, is an architectural element formed by the extrusion of a single curve (or pair of curves, in the case of a pointed barrel vault) along a given distance.
Barry "The Fish" Melton (born June 14, 1947) is the co-founder and original lead guitarist of Country Joe and The Fish and The Dinosaurs.
Barthold Georg Niebuhr (27 August 1776 – 2 January 1831) was a Danish-German statesman, banker, and historian who became Germany's leading historian of Ancient Rome and a founding father of modern scholarly historiography.
Barthold Heinrich Brockes (September 22, 1680 – January 16, 1747) was a German poet.
Bartholomew Columbus (Genoese dialect: Bertomê Corombo; Bartolomé Colón; Bartolomeo Colombo) (c. 1461 – 1515) was an Italian explorer from Genoa and the younger brother of Christopher Columbus.
Bartholomew (translit; Bartholomew Israelite origin Bartholomaeus; ⲃⲁⲣⲑⲟⲗⲟⲙⲉⲟⲥ) was one of the twelve apostles of Jesus from ancient Jewish Israel.
Bartolomeo Barbarino (known as "Il Pesarino") (c. 1568c. 1617 or later) was an Italian composer and singer of the early Baroque era.
Bartolomeo Montagna (1450?– 11 October 1523) was an Italian Renaissance painter who mainly worked in Vicenza.
Bartolomeo Pagano (27 September 1878 - 24 June 1947) was an Italian motion picture actor.
Bartolomeo Tromboncino (c. 1470 – 1535 or later) was an Italian composer of the middle Renaissance.
Bartolommeo (or Baccio) Bandinelli, actually Bartolommeo Brandini (17 October 1493 – shortly before 7 February 1560), was a Renaissance Italian sculptor, draughtsman and painter.
Bartolus de Saxoferrato (Italian: Bartolo da Sassoferrato) (131313 July 1357) was an Italian law professor and one of the most prominent continental jurists of Medieval Roman Law.
Basalt is a common extrusive igneous (volcanic) rock formed from the rapid cooling of basaltic lava exposed at or very near the surface of a planet or moon.
The bascinet – also bassinet, basinet, or bazineto – was a Medieval European open-faced military helmet.
Basic life support (BLS) is a level of medical care which is used for victims of life-threatening illnesses or injuries until they can be given full medical care at a hospital.
Basil Cheesman Bunting (1 March 1900 – 17 April 1985) was a British modernist poet whose reputation was established with the publication of Briggflatts in 1966.
Basil II (Βασίλειος Β΄, Basileios II; 958 – 15 December 1025) was a Byzantine Emperor from the Macedonian dynasty who reigned from 10 January 976 to 15 December 1025.
Basil Zaharoff, GCB, GBE (Βασίλειος Zαχαρίας Ζαχάρωφ; October 6, 1849 – November 27, 1936), was a Greek arms dealer and industrialist.
The Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore ('Basilica of Saint Mary Major', Basilica Sanctae Mariae Maioris), or church of Santa Maria Maggiore, is a Papal major basilica and the largest Catholic Marian church in Rome, Italy, from which size it receives the appellation "major".
The Papal Basilica of Saint Lawrence outside the Walls (Basilica Papale di San Lorenzo fuori le Mura) is a Roman Catholic Papal minor basilica and parish church, located in Rome, Italy.
The Papal Basilica of St.
The Basilica of Saint Clement (Basilica di San Clemente al Laterano) is a Roman Catholic minor basilica dedicated to Pope Clement I located in Rome, Italy.
The Basilica Palladiana is a Renaissance building in the central Piazza dei Signori in Vicenza, north-eastern Italy.
Basilicata, also known with its ancient name Lucania, is a region in Southern Italy, bordering on Campania to the west, Apulia (Puglia) to the north and east, and Calabria to the south.
Basilios (or Basilius) Bessarion (Greek: Βασίλειος Βησσαρίων; 2 January 1403 – 18 November 1472), a Roman Catholic Cardinal Bishop and the titular Latin Patriarch of Constantinople, was one of the illustrious Greek scholars who contributed to the great revival of letters in the 15th century.
Basque pelota (pilota in the original Basque language also pelota vasca in Spanish, pelote basque in French) is the name for a variety of court sports played with a ball using one's hand, a racket, a wooden bat or a basket, against a wall (frontis or Fronton) or, more traditionally, with two teams face to face separated by a line on the ground or a net.
Bass fishing is the activity of angling for the North American gamefish known colloquially as the black bass.
Bassano del Grappa (Venetian: Basan // (plain form) or Bassan/Bassàn (italianized form)) is a city and comune, in the Vicenza province, in the region Veneto, in northern Italy.
Bastardo is an Italian village and frazione (hamlet) of the municipality of Giano dell'Umbria, in the Province of Perugia, Umbria.
Bastia (Bastìa) (Corsican and Italian pronunciation) is a French commune in the Haute-Corse department of France located in the north-east of the island of Corsica at the base of Cap Corse.
A bastion or bulwark is a structure projecting outward from the curtain wall of a fortification, most commonly angular in shape and positioned at the corners.
Bat Yam (בַּת יָם, بات يام) is a city located on Israel's Mediterranean Sea coast, on the central coastal strip, just south of Tel Aviv.
The Baths of Caracalla (Terme di Caracalla) in Rome, Italy, were the city's second largest Roman public baths, or thermae, likely built between AD 212 (or 211) and 216/217, during the reigns of emperors Septimius Severus and Caracalla.
The Baths of Diocletian (Latin: Thermae Diocletiani, Italian: Terme di Diocleziano) were public baths in ancient Rome, in what is now Italy.
The Baths of Titus or Thermae Titi were public baths (Thermae) built in 81 AD at Rome, in what is now Italy, by Roman emperor Titus.
A bathyscaphe is a free-diving self-propelled deep-sea submersible, consisting of a crew cabin similar to a bathysphere, but suspended below a float rather than from a surface cable, as in the classic bathysphere design.
Trieste is a Swiss-designed, Italian-built deep-diving research bathyscaphe, which with its crew of two reached a record maximum depth of about, in the deepest known part of the Earth's oceans, the Challenger Deep, in the Mariana Trench near Guam in the Pacific.
Baton Rouge Magnet High School (BRMHS or Baton Rouge High) is a public magnet school in Baton Rouge, Louisiana, founded in 1880.
The Battle of Agnadello, also known as Vailà, was one of the most significant battles of the War of the League of Cambrai and one of the major battles of the Italian Wars.
The Battle of Arcole or Battle of Arcola (15–17 November 1796) was a battle fought between French and Austrian forces southeast of Verona during the War of the First Coalition, a part of the French Revolutionary Wars.
The Battle of Asculum took place in 279 BC between the Roman Republic under the command of the consuls Publius Decius Mus and Publius Sulpicius Saverrio and the forces of king Pyrrhus of Epirus.
The Battle of Benevento was fought on 26 February 1266 near Benevento, in present-day Southern Italy.
The Battle of Bladensburg was a battle of the Chesapeake campaign of the War of 1812, fought on 24 August 1814.
The Battle of Calabria, (known to the Italian Navy as the Battle of Punta Stilo) was a naval battle during the Battle of the Mediterranean in the Second World War.
The Battle of Camerinum in 298 BC was the first battle of the Third Samnite War.
The Battle of Cape Spartivento, known as the Battle of Cape Teulada in Italy, was a naval battle during the Battle of the Mediterranean in the Second World War, fought between naval forces of the British Royal Navy and the Italian Regia Marina on 27 November 1940.
The Battle of Carthage was the main engagement of the Third Punic War between the Punic city of Carthage in Africa and the Roman Republic.
The Battle of Cisterna took place during World War II, on 30 January–2 February 1944, near Cisterna, Italy, as part of the Battle of Anzio, part of the Italian Campaign.
The Battle of Civitate (also known as Battle of Civitella del Fortore) was fought on 18 June 1053 in southern Italy, between the Normans, led by the Count of Apulia Humphrey of Hauteville, and a Swabian-Italian-Lombard army, organised by Pope Leo IX and led on the battlefield by Gerard, Duke of Lorraine, and Rudolf, Prince of Benevento.
The Battle of Cumae was a naval battle in 474 BC between the combined navies of Syracuse and Cumae against the Etruscans.
The Battle of Dyrrhachium (near present-day Durrës in Albania) took place on October 18, 1081 between the Byzantine Empire, led by the Emperor Alexios I Komnenos (r. 1081–1118), and the Normans of southern Italy under Robert Guiscard, Duke of Apulia and Calabria.
The three year Carolingian Civil War culminated in the decisive Battle of Fontenoy-en-Puisaye, also called the battle of Fontenoy, fought at Fontenoy, near Auxerre, on the 25 June 841.
The Battle of Fornovo took place southwest of the city of Parma on 6 July 1495.
The Battle of Gemmano was fought between the German and Allied forces in World War II.
The Battle of Heraclea took place in 280 BC between the Romans under the command of consul Publius Valerius Laevinus, and the combined forces of Greeks from Epirus, Tarentum, Thurii, Metapontum, and Heraclea under the command of Pyrrhus king of Epirus.
The Battle of Lake Benacus was fought along the banks of Lake Garda in northern Italy, which was known to the Romans as Benacus, in 268 or early 269 AD, between the army under the command of the Roman Emperor Claudius II and the Germanic tribes of the Alamanni and Juthungi.
The Battle of Lake Trasimene (24 June 217 BC, April on the Julian calendar) was a major battle in the Second Punic War.
The Battle of Lechfeld (10 August 955) was a decisive victory for Otto I the Great, King of East Francia, over the Hungarian harka Bulcsú and the chieftains Lél (Lehel) and Súr.
The Battle of Legnano was fought on May 29, 1176, between the forces of the Holy Roman Empire, led by Emperor Frederick Barbarossa, and the Lombard League.
The Battle of Lodi was fought on 10 May 1796 between French forces under Napoleon Bonaparte and an Austrian rear guard led by Karl Philipp Sebottendorf at Lodi, Lombardy.
The Battle of Magenta was fought on 4 June 1859 during the Second Italian War of Independence, resulting in a French-Sardinian victory under Napoleon III against the Austrians under Marshal Ferencz Gyulai.
The Battle of Maida on 4 July 1806 was a battle between the British expeditionary force and a First French Empire division outside the town of Maida in Calabria, Italy during the Napoleonic Wars.
The Battle of Marengo was fought on 14 June 1800 between French forces under Napoleon Bonaparte and Austrian forces near the city of Alessandria, in Piedmont, Italy.
The Battle of Marignano was fought during the phase of the Italian Wars (1494–1559) called the War of the League of Cambrai, between France and the Old Swiss Confederacy.
The Battle of Modon took place in August 1500 during the war of 1499–1503 between the Ottoman Empire and the Republic of Venice.
The Battle of Mons Lactarius (also known as Battle of the Vesuvius) took place in 552 or 553 in the course the Gothic War waged on behalf of Justinian I against the Ostrogoths in Italy.
The Battle of Monte Cassino (also known as the Battle for Rome and the Battle for Cassino) was a costly series of four assaults by the Allies against the Winter Line in Italy held by Axis forces during the Italian Campaign of World War II.
The Battle of Novi (15 August 1799) saw a combined army of Habsburg Austrians and Imperial Russians under Field Marshal Alexander Suvorov attack a Republican French army under General Barthélemy Catherine Joubert.
The Battle of Pavia, fought on the morning of 24 February 1525, was the decisive engagement of the Italian War of 1521–26.
The Battle of Philippi was the final battle in the Wars of the Second Triumvirate between the forces of Mark Antony and Octavian (of the Second Triumvirate) and the leaders of Julius Caesar's assassination, Marcus Junius Brutus and Gaius Cassius Longinus in 42 BC, at Philippi in Macedonia.
The Battle of Pinkie Cleugh, sometimes known as the Battle of Pinkie, took place on 10 September 1547 on the banks of the River Esk near Musselburgh, Scotland.