272 relations: Alba Iulia, Albanian principalities, Albertinian Line, Alexăndrel of Moldavia, Ali Bey Evrenosoglu, Alvise Loredan, Anders Behring Breivik, Antemurale myth, Anti-Hungarian sentiment, Arad County (former), Athleta Christi, August 11, Đurađ Branković, Ślepowron coat of arms, Žrnov, Baia Mare, Ban of Croatia, Banat in the Middle Ages, Basarab II of Wallachia, Battle of Albulena, Battle of Hermannstadt, Battle of Kosovo (1448), Battle of Kruševac, Battle of Kunovica, Battle of Leskovac, Battle of Mohács, Battle of Mokra (1445), Battle of Nish (1443), Battle of Otonetë, Battle of Torvioll, Battle of Varna, Battle of Vaslui, Battle of Zlatitsa, Bácsalmás, Békésszentandrás, Belgrade Fortress, Biserica Neagră, Black Army of Hungary, Blaise Magyar, Bohemian–Hungarian War (1468–78), Brașovia Citadel, Bratislava Castle, Bratrstvo, Buda Castle, Byzantine–Ottoman wars, Camil Mureșanu, Cârța, Harghita, Classical Age of the Ottoman Empire, Cluj-Napoca Franciscan Church, Corvin, ..., Corvin Castle, Corvinus, Costea, Count of the Székelys, Counts of Celje, Croats, Crusade of Varna, Crusades, Dan III of Wallachia, Dénes Szécsi, Dömös, Densuș, Deva, Romania, Drobeta-Turnu Severin, Early modern period, Elizabeth of Celje, Elizabeth Szilágyi, Erdődy, Șumuleu Ciuc, Ținutul Timiș, Fall of Constantinople, Flags of Hungarian history, Fortress of Deva, Gardoš, Gardoš Tower, Geoffroy de Thoisy, Gersekarát, Hadım Şehabeddin, Halič, Hősök tere, Henrik Weber, History of Belgrade, History of Christianity in Hungary, History of Hungary, History of Kosovo, History of Niš, History of Sofia, History of the Ottoman Empire, History of the Republic of Venice, History of the Székely people, History of Timișoara, History of Transylvania, Hunedoara, Hunedoara County Prefecture, Hungarian Defence Forces, Hungarian nobility, Hungarian Parliament Building, Hungary, Huniade Castle, Hunyadi, Hunyadi family, Hunyadi László (opera), Hussar, Ineu, Ion Corvin, Ion Corvin, Constanța, Jan Długosz, Jean Alexandre Vaillant, John Corvinus, John Hunyadi, Ban of Severin, John Jiskra of Brandýs, John of Capistrano, John Székely de Szentgyörgy, John Vitéz, Juan Carvajal (cardinal), July 22, Junije Palmotić, Kasım Pasha, Kecskemét, King of Hungary, Kingdom of Hungary, Kingdom of Hungary (1301–1526), Kittsee, Korwin coat of arms, Kosovo Serbs, Ladislaus Hunyadi, Ladislaus Szécsényi, Ladislaus the Posthumous, Lajos Fodor, Late Middle Ages, László Szlávics Jr., Lipova, Arad, List of campaigns of Mehmed the Conqueror, List of compositions by Vincent d'Indy, List of equestrian statues in Hungary, List of historical opera characters, List of Hungarian monarchs, List of nicknames of European royalty and nobility: J, List of Ottoman battles in which the sultan participated, List of people of Cuman descent, List of people on the postage stamps of Bulgaria, List of people on the postage stamps of Hungary, List of people on the postage stamps of Romania, List of places named after people, List of regents, List of Romanians, List of rulers of Austria, List of rulers of Moldavia, List of rulers of Wallachia, List of titled noble families in the Kingdom of Hungary, List of Transylvanians, Lučenec, Marcin Król z Żurawicy, Marcus Valerius Messalla Corvinus, Margraviate of Moravia, Matthias Corvinus, Matthias Corvinus House, Mediaș, Medieval Serbian army, Mehmed the Conqueror, Michael Szilágyi, Mihajlo Svilojević, Military history of Romania, Mircea II of Wallachia, Mosque of Pasha Qasim, Murad II, Museum of Banat, Muzaka family, Nădlac, Nicholas Erdélyi, Nicholas of Ilok, Nicholas Szécsényi, Nicolaus Olahus, Nikola Skobaljić, October 17, Ottoman Empire, Ottoman–Hungarian wars, Outline of The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, Palanok Castle, Paper money of the Hungarian korona, Peace of Szeged, Perchtoldsdorf, Petar Talovac, Peter Aaron, Poland–Serbia relations, Pope Callixtus III, Prince Marko, Principality of Kastrioti, Principality of Transylvania (1570–1711), Prizren, Public place names of Budapest, Pustý hrad, Racovița, Sibiu, Radu cel Frumos, Rise of the Ottoman Empire, Romania, Romania in the Middle Ages, Romanian district, Romanians, Sanjak of Albania, Sanjak of Niš, Savcı Bey, Sávoly, Sântimbru, Alba, Serbian Despotate, Serbian epic poetry, Shades of yellow, Siege of Belgrade (1456), Siege of Svetigrad (1448), Sigismund, Holy Roman Emperor, Skanderbeg, Skanderbeg in literature and art, Skanderbeg's Italian expedition, Smederevo, Smederevo Fortress, St. Michael's Cathedral, Alba Iulia, St. Stephen's Cathedral, Vienna, Stephen Erdélyi, Stephen III of Moldavia, Stephen's Tower (Baia Mare), Stjepan Vukčić Kosača, Structure of the Romanian Land Forces, Suleiman the Magnificent, Széchenyi square (Pécs), Szózat, Szilágyi – Hunyadi Liga, Tâmpa, Brașov, Teiuș, Thomas of Bosnia, Timeline of Croatian history, Timeline of Serbian history, Timeline of Sibiu, Timeline of Skanderbeg, Timeline of the Middle Ages, Timișoara, Titusz Dugovics, Transylvanian peasant revolt, Turahan Bey, Ulrich II, Count of Celje, Upper nobility (Kingdom of Hungary), Vasojevići, Vice-voivode of Transylvania, Victory Square, Bucharest, Vincent d'Indy, Vlad Călugărul, Vlad II Dracul, Vlad the Impaler, Vladislav II of Wallachia, Voicu, Voivode of Transylvania, Władysław III of Poland, White knight, Yakup Bey Muzaka, Yanuka, Zápolya family, Zemun, Zemun Cemetery, Zemun Fortress, 100 Greatest Romanians, 1406, 1442, 1443, 1444, 1447, 1448, 1449, 1455, 1456, 15th century, 25th Waffen Grenadier Division of the SS Hunyadi (1st Hungarian), 4th Infantry Division (Romania), 61st Mountain Troops Brigade (Romania). 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Alba Iulia (Karlsburg or Carlsburg, formerly Weißenburg, Gyulafehérvár, Apulum, Ottoman Turkish: Erdel Belgradı or Belgrad-ı Erdel) is a city located on the Mureş River in Alba County, Transylvania, Romania, with a population of 63,536.
The term Albanian Principalities refers to a number of principalities created in the Middle Ages in Albania and Epirus that were ruled by Albanian nobility.
The Albertinian line was a line of the Habsburg dynasty, begun by Duke Albert III of Austria, who, after death of his elder brother Rudolf IV, divided the Habsburg hereditary lands with his brother Leopold III by the 1379 Treaty of Neuberg.
Alexăndrel, son of Iliaș of Moldavia, was the prince (or voivode) of Moldavia in 1449, from 1452 to 1454, and in 1455.
Evrenos-oğlu Ali Bey or Ali Bey Evrenosoğlu, known simply as Ali Bey, was an Ottoman military commander in the 15th century.
Alvise Loredan (1393 – 6 March 1466) was a Venetian nobleman of the Loredan family.
Fjotolf Hansen (born Anders Behring Breivik (born 13 February 1979), also known by his pseudonym Andrew Berwick, is a Norwegian far-right terrorist who committed the 2011 Norway attacks. On 22 July 2011 he killed eight people by detonating a van bomb amid Regjeringskvartalet in Oslo, then shot dead 69 participants of a Workers' Youth League (AUF) summer camp on the island of Utøya. In August 2012 he was convicted of mass murder, causing a fatal explosion, and terrorism. On the day of the attacks, Breivik electronically distributed a compendium of texts entitled 2083: A European Declaration of Independence, describing his militant ideology. In them, he lays out a worldview encompassing opposition to Islam and blaming feminism for creating a European "cultural suicide".Jones, Jane Clare., The Guardian, 27 July 2011. The texts call Islam and "Cultural Marxism" the enemy and advocate the deportation of all Muslims from Europe based on the model of the Beneš decrees, while also claiming that feminism exists to destroy European culture. Breivik wrote that his main motive for the atrocities was to market his manifesto. Two teams of court-appointed forensic psychiatrists examined Breivik before his trial. The first report diagnosed Breivik as having paranoid schizophrenia. A second psychiatric evaluation was commissioned following widespread criticism of the first. The second evaluation was published a week before the trial; it concluded that Breivik was not psychotic during the attacks nor during the evaluation. He was instead diagnosed as having narcissistic personality disorder. His trial began on 16 April 2012, with closing arguments made on 22 June 2012. On 24 August 2012, Oslo District Court delivered its verdict, finding Breivik sane and guilty of murdering 77 people. He was sentenced to 21 years in prison, in a form of preventive detention that required a minimum of 10 years incarceration and the possibility of one or more extensions for as long as he is deemed a danger to society. This is the maximum penalty in Norway. Breivik announced that he did not recognize the legitimacy of the court and therefore did not accept its decision—he claims he "cannot" appeal because this would legitimize the authority of the Oslo District Court. While imprisoned, Breivik has identified himself as a fascist and a national socialist, saying he previously exploited counterjihadist rhetoric in order to protect ethno-nationalists. In 2015, he said that he has never personally identified as a Christian, and called his religion Odinism. In 2016, Breivik sued Norwegian Correctional Service, claiming that his solitary confinement violated his human rights and subjected him to degrading treatment and privacy violations. In its judgment of 20 April 2016, the City Court found that Breivik's rights under Article 3 of the Convention had been violated, but not those under Article 8. The government appealed against the City Court's judgment as concerned the finding of a breach of Article 3 of the Convention, while Breivik appealed as concerned the finding that Article 8 had not been breached. On 1 March 2017, the Court of Appeals ruled that neither Article 3 nor Article 8 had been breached. On 8 June 2017, Norway's Supreme Court upheld the verdict of the Court of Appeals. On 30 June 2017, Breivik filed a complaint with the European Court of Human Rights, which the court dismissed on 21 June 2018.
The Antemurale myth or the Bulwark myth is one of the nationalist myths which implies a certain nation's mission of being a bulwark against the other religions, nations or ideologies.
Anti-Hungarian sentiment (also known as Hungarophobia, Anti-Hungarianism, Magyarophobia or Antimagyarism) is dislike, distrust, racism, or xenophobia directed against the Hungarians.
Arad County was an administrative unit in the Kingdom of Hungary, the Eastern Hungarian Kingdom and the Principality of Transylvania.
"Athleta Christi" ("Champion of Christ") was a class of Early Christian soldier martyrs, of whom the most familiar example is one such "military saint," Saint Sebastian.
Đurađ Branković (Ђурађ Бранковић; Brankovics György; 1377 – 24 December 1456) was the Serbian Despot from 1427 to 1456 and a baron of the Kingdom of Hungary.
A: Adziewicz, Andziewicz, Audziewicz, Auxtul, Awdziewicz.
Žrnov (Жрнов) or Žrnovan (Жрнован) was a medieval fortress on the highest top of the Avala Mountain, at, in Belgrade, Serbia.
Baia Mare (Nagybánya; Frauenbach; Бая-Маре; Rivulus Dominarum; באניע, Banya) is a municipality along the Săsar River, in northwestern Romania; it is the capital of Maramureș County.
Ban of Croatia (Croatian: Hrvatski ban; horvát bán) was the title of local rulers or office holders and after 1102 viceroys of Croatia.
The Middle Ages in the Banat (a historical region in Central Europe which is now divided among Romania, Serbia and Hungary) started around 900.
Basarab II was the Voivode of the principality of Wallachia (1442–1443), and the son of the former Wallachian ruler Dan II of Wallachia.
The Battle of Albulena, also known as the Battle of Ujëbardha, was fought on 2 September 1457 between Albanian forces led by Skanderbeg and an Ottoman army under Isak bey Evrenoz and Skanderbeg's nephew, Hamza Kastrioti.
The Battle of Hermannstadt, also known as the Battle of Sibiu or the Battle of Szeben, was fought between the army of the Hungarian Kingdom and the Ottoman Turks on March 18 and March 25, 1442, near Sântimbru (Marosszentimre) and Hermannstadt (Sibiu, Szeben).
The Second Battle of Kosovo (Hungarian: második rigómezei csata, Turkish: İkinci Kosova Savaşı) (17–20 October 1448) was a land battle between a Hungarian-led Crusader army and the Ottoman Empire at Kosovo Polje.
The Battle of Kruševac was fought on October 2, 1454 between the forces of the Serbian Despotate, allied with the Kingdom of Hungary, and the Ottoman Empire.
The Battle of Kunovica or Battle at Kunovitsa was the battle between crusaders led by John Hunyadi and armies of the Ottoman Empire which took place on 2 or 5 January 1444 near mountain Kunovica (Suva Planina) between Pirot and Niš.
The Battle of Leskovac took place on September 24, 1454.
The Battle of Mohács (Mohácsi csata, Mohaç Meydan Muharebesi) was one of the most consequential battles in Central European history.
The Battle of Mokra took place on October 10, 1445 near mountain Mokra (today in Makedonski Brod, Macedonia).
At the Battle of Niš (Battle of Nish) (early November, 1443), crusaders led by John Hunyadi, captured the Ottoman stronghold of Nish (now Niš, Serbia) and defeated three armies of the Ottoman Empire.
The Battle of Otonetë occurred on September 27, 1446, in upper Dibra in Albania.
The Battle of Torvioll, also known as the Battle of Lower Dibra, was fought on 29 June 1444 on the Plain of Torvioll, in what is modern-day Albania.
The Battle of Varna took place on 10 November 1444 near Varna in eastern Bulgaria.
The Battle of Vaslui (also referred to as the Battle of Podul Înalt or the Battle of Racova) was fought on 10 January 1475, between Stephen III of Moldavia and the Ottoman governor of Rumelia, Hadım Suleiman Pasha.
The Battle of Zlatitsa was fought on 12 December 1443 between the Ottoman Empire and Serbian Hungarian troops in the Balkans.
Bácsalmás (Croatian: Aljmaš and Bačaljmaš, Serbian: Aljmaš or Аљмаш, German: Almasch) is a small town in southern Hungary in the region of Bácska (Bács-Kiskun County) close to the border with the Vojvodina region of Serbia, with a population of 7,694 people.
Békésszentandrás is a village in Békés county, in the Southern Great Plain region of south-east Hungary.
Biserica Neagră or Black Church (Schwarze Kirche; Biserica Neagră; Fekete templom) is a church in Brașov, a city in south-eastern Transylvania, Romania.
The Black Army (Fekete sereg, pronounced), also called the Black Legion/Regiment – possibly after their black armor panoply – is a common name given to the military forces serving under the reign of King Matthias Corvinus of Hungary.
Blaise Magyar (Magyar Balázs), also Blaž the Magyar, was a military commander and great officer of state in the Kingdom of Hungary in the 15th century.
The Bohemian War (1468–78) began when the Kingdom of Bohemia was invaded by the king of Hungary, Matthias Corvinus.
Brașovia Citadel was a fortification located on the top of Tâmpa mountain in Brașov, Romania.
Bratislava Castle (Bratislavský hrad,, Pressburger Schloss, Pozsonyi Vár) is the main castle of Bratislava, the capital of Slovakia.
The Brethren (in Czech language Bratrstvo) is a Czech novel trilogy, written by Alois Jirásek.
Buda Castle (Budavári Palota, Burgpalast) is the historical castle and palace complex of the Hungarian kings in Budapest.
The Byzantine–Ottoman wars were a series of decisive conflicts between the Ottoman Turks and Byzantines that led to the final destruction of the Byzantine Empire and the rise of the Ottoman Empire.
Camil Bujor Mureşanu (born 20 April 1927 in Turda – died 21 February 2015) was a Romanian historian, professor, author, and translator.
Cârța (Csíkkarcfalva or Karcfalva) is a commune in Romania, located in Harghita County.
The Classical Age of the Ottoman Empire (Klasik Çağ) concerns the history of the Ottoman Empire from the Conquest of Constantinople in 1453 until the second half of the sixteenth century, roughly the end of the reign of Suleiman the Magnificent (r. 1520-1566).
The Franciscan Church is a place of worship in Cluj-Napoca, Romania.
The name Corvin comes from the Latin name Corvinus which derives from the Latin word corvus meaning raven, although the word today refers to the birds' genus including ravens and crows among others.
Corvin Castle, also known as Hunyadi Castle or Hunedoara Castle (Romanian: Castelul Huniazilor or Castelul Corvinilor; Hungarian: Vajdahunyadi vár), is a Gothic-Renaissance castle in Hunedoara, Romania.
Corvinus or Corvin may refer to.
Costea is a Romanian given name for males.
The Count of the Székelys (székelyispán, comes Sicolorum) was the leader of the Hungarian-speaking Székelys in Transylvania, in the medieval Kingdom of Hungary.
The Counts of Celje (Celjski grofje) or the Counts of Cilli (Grafen von Cilli; cillei grófok) were the most influential late medieval noble dynasty on the territory of present-day Slovenia.
Croats (Hrvati) or Croatians are a nation and South Slavic ethnic group native to Croatia.
The Crusade of Varna was an unsuccessful military campaign mounted by several European monarchs to check the expansion of the Ottoman Empire into Central Europe, specifically the Balkans between 1443 and 1444.
The Crusades were a series of religious wars sanctioned by the Latin Church in the medieval period.
Dan the Younger (executed in April 1460) was a pretender to the throne of Wallachia from 1456 to 1460.
Dénes Szécsi de Felsőlendva (or Széchy; c. 1410 – 1 February 1465) was a Hungarian prelate and cardinal, who served as Archbishop of Esztergom from 1440 to 1465.
Dömös is a village in Komárom-Esztergom County in Hungary.
Densuș (Demsus) is a commune in Hunedoara County, Romania and the site of Densuș Church.
Deva (Hungarian: Déva, Hungarian pronunciation:; German: Diemrich, Schlossberg, Denburg; Latin: Sargetia; Turkish: Deve, Devevar) is a city in Romania, in the historical region of Transylvania, on the left bank of the Mureș River.
Drobeta-Turnu Severin (Drobeta; Szörényvár, Szörénytornya; Северин; Дробета-Турн Северин/Drobeta-Turn Severin) is a city in Mehedinți County, Oltenia, Romania, on the left bank of the Danube, below the Iron Gates.
The early modern period of modern history follows the late Middle Ages of the post-classical era.
Elizabeth of Celje (1441–1455), also Elizabeth of Cilli, was the first wife of Matthias Corvinus, the future King of Hungary.
Erzsébet Szilágyi (Szilágyi Erzsébet, c. 1410–1483) was a Hungarian noblewoman, spouse of John Hunyadi and mother of Matthias Corvinus, King of Hungary.
Erdődy de Monyorókerék et Monoszló (also Erdödy) is the name of a Hungarian noble family in the Kingdom of Hungary (most notably in Croatia).
Şumuleu Ciuc (Csíksomlyó) is a neighbourhood in the city of Miercurea Ciuc, Harghita County, Romania.
Ținutul Timiș was one of the ten Romanian ținuturi ("lands"), founded in 1938 after King Carol II initiated an institutional reform by modifying the 1923 Constitution and the law of territorial administration.
The Fall of Constantinople (Ἅλωσις τῆς Κωνσταντινουπόλεως, Halōsis tēs Kōnstantinoupoleōs; İstanbul'un Fethi Conquest of Istanbul) was the capture of the capital of the Byzantine Empire by an invading Ottoman army on 29 May 1453.
The Flags of Hungarian history (Magyar történelmi zászlósor) are a series of 23 flags selected from Hungarian history, spanning over 1100 years.
The Fortress of Deva (Cetatea Devei, Déva vára) is a fortress located in the city of Deva, Hunedoara County, Romania, on top of a volcanic hill.
Gardoš (Гардош; Hungarian: Gárdos) is an urban neighborhood of Belgrade, the capital of Serbia.
Gardoš Tower or Millennium Tower, and also known as Kula Sibinjanin Janka is a memorial tower located in Zemun, city of Belgrade in Serbia.
Geoffroy de Thoisy, chevalier seigneur de Mimeure, was a Burgundian naval commander and Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece involved in Philip the Good’s Crusade endeavors in the 1440s.
Gersekarát is a village in Vas county, Hungary.
Hadım Şehabeddin Paşa (Old Turkish: Şihābüddīn; 1436–53), also called Kula Şahin Paşa, was an Ottoman general and governor that served Sultan Mehmed II (r. 1444–46; 1451–88).
Halič (Geschatz; Gács) is a village and municipality in the Lučenec District in the Banská Bystrica Region of Slovakia.
Hősök tere (Heroes' Square) is one of the major squares in Budapest, Hungary, noted for its iconic statue complex featuring the Seven Chieftains of the Magyars and other important Hungarian national leaders, as well as the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier.
Henrik Weber (24 May 1818, Pest - 14 May 1866, Pest) was a Hungarian portrait and history painter in the Realistic style.
The history of Belgrade dates back to at least 7000 BC.
The history of Christianity in Hungary began in the Roman province of Pannonia where the presence of Christian communities is first attested in the 3rd century.
Hungary is a country in Central Europe whose history under this name dates to the Early Middle Ages, when the Pannonian Basin was conquered by the Hungarians (Magyars), a semi-nomadic people who had migrated from Eastern Europe.
The history of Kosovo is intertwined with the histories of its neighboring regions.
Niš is one of the oldest cities in the Balkans and Europe, and has from ancient times been considered a gateway between the East and the West.
The history of Sofia, Bulgaria's capital and largest city, spans thousands of years from Antiquity to modern times, during which the city has been a commercial, industrial, cultural and economic centre in its region and the Balkans.
The Ottoman Empire was founded by Osman I. As sultan Mehmed II conquered Constantinople (today named Istanbul) in 1453, the state grew into a mighty empire.
The Republic of Venice (Repùblica Vèneta; Repubblica di Venezia), traditionally known as the Most Serene Republic of Venice (Serenìsima Repùblica Vèneta; Serenissima Repubblica di Venezia), was a sovereign state and maritime republic in northeastern Italy, which existed for a millennium between the 8th century and the 18th century.
The history of the Székely people (a subgroup of the Hungarians in Romania) can be documented from the 12th century.
This article is about the History of Timișoara, the largest and most important city in the Romanian Banat.
Transylvania is a historical region in central and northwestern Romania.
Hunedoara (Eisenmarkt; Vajdahunyad) is a city in Hunedoara County, Transylvania, Romania.
The Hunedoara County Prefecture (Palatul Administrativ din Deva, Dévai vármegyeház) is a building in Deva, Romania.
Hungarian Defence Forces (Magyar Honvédség) is the national defence force of Hungary.
The Hungarian nobility consisted of a privileged group of people, most of whom owned landed property, in the Kingdom of Hungary.
The Hungarian Parliament Building (Országház,, which translates to House of the Country or House of the Nation), also known as the Parliament of Budapest after its location, is the seat of the National Assembly of Hungary, a notable landmark of Hungary and a popular tourist destination in Budapest.
Hungary (Magyarország) is a country in Central Europe that covers an area of in the Carpathian Basin, bordered by Slovakia to the north, Ukraine to the northeast, Austria to the northwest, Romania to the east, Serbia to the south, Croatia to the southwest, and Slovenia to the west.
The Huniade Castle (Castelul Huniade in Romanian) is the oldest monument of Timişoara, built between 1443 and 1447 by John Hunyadi over the old royal castle dating from the 14th century (built during the reign of Charles I Robert).
Hunyadi may refer to.
The Hunyadi family was one of the most powerful noble families in the Kingdom of Hungary during the 15th century.
Hunyadi László (László Hunyadi) is an opera in three acts by the Hungarian composer Ferenc Erkel.
A hussar was a member of a class of light cavalry, originating in Eastern and Central Europe during the 15th and 16th centuries, originally Hungarian.
Ineu (Hungarian: Borosjenő; Serbian: Јенопоље/Jenopolje; Turkish: Yanova) is a town in Arad County, western Transylvania, Romania.
Ion Corvin may refer to.
Ion Corvin is a commune in Constanța County, Romania.
Jan Długosz (1 December 1415 – 19 May 1480), also known as Ioannes, Joannes, or Johannes Longinus or Dlugossius, was a Polish priest, chronicler, diplomat, soldier, and secretary to Bishop Zbigniew Oleśnicki of Kraków.
Jean Alexandre Vaillant (1804 - 21 March 1886) was a French and Romanian teacher, political activist, historian, linguist and translator, who was noted for his activities in Wallachia and his support for the 1848 Wallachian Revolution.
John Corvinus (Hungarian: Corvin János, Croatian: Ivaniš Korvin; 2 April 1473 – 12 October 1504) was the illegitimate son of Matthias Corvinus, King of Hungary, and his mistress, Barbara Edelpöck.
John Hunyadi, Jr. (c. 1419 – 1440 or 1441) was a Hungarian noble and knight banneret from the House of Hunyadi, younger brother of regent John Hunyadi as the second son of Vajk (Voyk) and Erzsébet (Elizabeth) Morzsinai (Morsina/Marsina).
Jan Jiskra z Brandýsa (c. 1400 – c. 1469), in English sometimes referred as John Giskra, was a Czech strategist and mercenary soldier.
Saint John of Capestrano (Italian: San Giovanni da Capestrano, Hungarian: Kapisztrán János, Polish: Jan Kapistran, Croatian: Ivan Kapistran, Serbian: Јован Капистран, Jovan Kapistran) (24 June 1386 – 23 October 1456) was a Franciscan friar and Catholic priest from the Italian town of Capestrano, Abruzzo.
John Székely de Szentgyörgy (died 18 October 1448) was a Hungarian baron, who served as ban of Croatia, Dalmatia and Slavonia between June 1446 and January 1448.
John Vitéz de Zredna (zrednai Vitéz János; Ivan Vitez od Sredne; 1408 – 8 August 1472) was a Hungarian humanist, diplomat, Latinist, mathematician, astrologist and astronomer.
Juan Carvajal (Carvagial) (c. 1400 in Trujillo, Cáceres – 6 December 1469 in Rome) was a Spanish Cardinal.
Junije (Džono) Palmotić, (also Giunio in Italian or Junius Palmotta in Latin) (1606 - 1657) was a Croatian baroque writer, poet and dramatist from the Republic of Ragusa (now Dubrovnik).
Kasım Pasha or Kasem Pasha (Kasım Paşa; 1442–43) was an Albanian Ottoman general and governor, the beylerbey of Rumelia and one of the commanders of the Ottoman forces during the Crusade of Varna (1443–44).
Kecskemét is a city in the central part of Hungary.
The King of Hungary (magyar király) was the ruling head of state of the Kingdom of Hungary from 1000 (or 1001) to 1918.
The Kingdom of Hungary was a monarchy in Central Europe that existed from the Middle Ages into the twentieth century (1000–1946 with the exception of 1918–1920).
In the Late Middle Ages, the Kingdom of Hungary, a country in Central Europe, experienced a period of interregnum in the early 14th century.
Kittsee (Kopčany, Köpcsény, Gijeca) is an Austrian municipality in the District of Neusiedl am See, Burgenland.
Korwin is a Polish coat of arms.
Kosovo Serbs are the largest ethnic minority group in Kosovo, numbering around 150,000 people.
László Hunyadi or Ladislaus Hunyadi (1431Bánhegyi 2008, p. 17. – March 16, 1457) was a Hungarian statesman.
Ladislaus (III) Szécsényi (Szécsényi (III.) László; 1413–1460), was a Hungarian landowner and nobleman, who served as ispán of Nógrád and Hont Counties from 1440 until his death.
Ladislaus the Posthumous, known also as Ladislas (Utószülött László; Ladislav Pohrobek, 22 February 144023 November 1457) (in Hungarian: V. László), was Duke of Austria, and King of Hungary, Croatia and Bohemia.
Col. Gen. Lajos Fodor (born 27 July 1947) is a retired Hungarian military officer and diplomat, who served as the Chief of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Hungary from 1 August 1999 to 28 February 2003.
The Late Middle Ages or Late Medieval Period was the period of European history lasting from 1250 to 1500 AD.
László Szlávics (born August 11, 1959) is a Hungarian sculptor and medallic artist.
Lipova (German and Hungarian: Lippa; Serbian: Липова, Lipova; Turkish: Lipva) is a town in Romania, Arad County, located in the Banat region of western Transylvania.
This is a list of campaigns personally led by Mehmed II or Sultan Mehmed the Conqueror (30 March 1432 – 3 May 1481) (Ottoman Turkish: محمد ثانى, Meḥmed-i s̠ānī; Turkish: II. Mehmet; also known as el-Fātiḥ, الفاتح, "the Conqueror" in Ottoman Turkish; in modern Turkish, Fatih Sultan Mehmet; also called Mahomet II in early modern Europe) was Sultan of the Ottoman Empire twice, first for a short time from 1444 to September 1446, and later from February 1451 to 1481.
This is a list of compositions by Vincent d'Indy.
This is a list of equestrian statues in Hungary.
This is a list of historical figures who have been characters in opera or operetta.
This is a List of Hungarian monarchs, which includes the grand princes (895–1000) and the kings and ruling queens of Hungary (1000–1918).
The List of Ottoman Battles In Which The Sultans Participated In is shown below.
*Qutb-ud-din Aibak - founder of the Delhi sultanate.
This is a list of people on stamps of Bulgaria.
This is a list of people on stamps of Hungary.
The following is a list of people on the postage stamps of Romania.
There are a number of places named after famous people.
A regent is a person selected to act as head of state (ruling or not) because the ruler is a minor, not present, or debilitated.
Note: Names that cannot be confirmed in Wikipedia database nor through given sources are subject to removal.
Austria was ruled by the House of Babenberg until 1246 and by the House of Habsburg from 1282 to 1918.
This is a List of rulers of Moldavia, from the first mention of the medieval polity east of the Carpathians and until its disestablishment in 1862, when it united with Wallachia, the other Danubian Principality, to form the modern-day state of Romania.
This is a list of rulers of Wallachia, from the first mention of a medieval polity situated between the Southern Carpathians and the Danube until the union with Moldavia in 1862, leading to the creation of Romania.
The following is a list of Transylvanian personalities.
Lučenec (Lizenz; Losonc; לאשאנץ; Lutetia HungarorumLelkes György (1992), Magyar helységnév-azonosító szótár, Balassi Kiadó, Budapest, 508 p.) is a town in the Banská Bystrica Region of south-central Slovakia.
Marcin Król (c. 1422–1460), also Marcin z Żurawica, Marcin Król z Przemyśla, Martinus Polonus, Martinus Rex de Premislia was a Polish mathematician, astronomer, and doctor.
Marcus Valerius Messalla Corvinus (64 BC8 AD) was a Roman general, author and patron of literature and art.
The Margraviate of Moravia (Markrabství moravské; Markgrafschaft Mähren) or March of Moravia was a marcher state existing from 1182 to 1918 and one of the lands of the Bohemian Crown.
Matthias Corvinus, also called Matthias I (Hunyadi Mátyás, Matija Korvin, Matia Corvin, Matej Korvín, Matyáš Korvín), was King of Hungary and Croatia from 1458 to 1490.
The Matthias Corvinus House (Romanian: Casa Matei, Mátyás király szülőháza) is one of the oldest buildings in Cluj-Napoca, Transylvania, Romania.
Mediaș (Mediasch; Medgyes; Transylvanian Saxon: Medwesch) is the second largest city in Sibiu County, Transylvania, Romania.
The medieval Serbian army was well known for its strength and was among the strongest on the Balkans before the Ottoman expansion.
Mehmed II (محمد ثانى, Meḥmed-i sānī; Modern II.; 30 March 1432 – 3 May 1481), commonly known as Mehmed the Conqueror (Fatih Sultan Mehmet), was an Ottoman Sultan who ruled first for a short time from August 1444 to September 1446, and later from February 1451 to May 1481.
Michael Szilágyi de Horogszeg (horogszegi Szilágyi Mihály; ? 1400 – Constantinople, 1460) was a Hungarian general, Regent of Hungary, Count of Beszterce and Head of Szilágyi–Hunyadi Liga.
Mihajlo Svilojević (Михајло Свилојевић), sometimes crni ban Mihail, is a hero of Serbian epic poetry based on the historical figure of Michael Szilágyi.
The military history of Romania deals with conflicts spreading over a period of about 2500 years across the territory of modern Romania, the Balkan Peninsula and Eastern Europe and the role of the Romanian military in conflicts and peacekeeping worldwide.
Mircea II (1428–1447) was a onetime Voivode of the principality of Wallachia, in the year 1442.
The Downtown Candlemas Church of the Blessed Virgin Mary (Belvárosi Gyertyaszentelő Boldogasszony-templom), formerly known as the Mosque of Pasha Qasim (Gázi Kászim pasa dzsámija, Gazi Kasım Paşa Camii) is a Roman Catholic church in Pécs, Hungary, which was a mosque in the 16-17th century due to the Ottoman conquest.
Murad II (June 1404 – 3 February 1451) (Ottoman Turkish: مراد ثانى Murād-ı sānī, Turkish:II. Murat) was the Ottoman Sultan from 1421 to 1444 and 1446 to 1451.
The Museum of Banat (Muzeul Banatului) is a museum in Timișoara, Romania, headquartered in Huniade Castle.
The Muzaka were an Albanian noble family that ruled over the region of Myzeqe (central Albania) in the Late Middle Ages.
Nădlac (Nagylak, Nadlak) is a town in western Romania, Arad County.
Nicholas (I) Erdélyi de Somkerék (somkeréki Erdélyi (I.) Miklós; died between 1476 and 1481) was a Hungarian nobleman, who served as Vice-voivode of Transylvania in 1448.
Nicholas of Ilok (Bosnian and Croatian: Nikola Iločki, Hungarian: Újlaki Miklós; 1410–1477) was Ban of Croatia, Slavonia, Dalmatia and Macsó, Voivode of Transylvania and titular King of Bosnia from 1471 until his death.
Nicholas (II) Szécsényi (Szécsényi (II.) Miklós), also known as Nicholas of Salgó (Salgói or Salgai Miklós, Nikolaus Schallaga; died 19 January 1438), was a Hungarian wealthy landowner and magnate, who solely inherited the large-scale estates of the powerful Szécsényi family.
Nicolaus Olahus (Latin for Nicholas, the Vlach; Oláh Miklós; Nicolae Valahul); 10 January 1493 – 15 January 1568) was the Archbishop of Esztergom, Primate of Hungary, and a distinguished Roman Catholic prelate.
Nikola Skobaljić (Никола Скобаљић; died November 16th, 1454) was a mid 15th-century Serbian voivode of Dubočica (region around Leskovac, Southern Serbia), during the rule of despot Đurađ Branković (1427–1456).
The Ottoman Empire (دولت عليه عثمانیه,, literally The Exalted Ottoman State; Modern Turkish: Osmanlı İmparatorluğu or Osmanlı Devleti), also historically known in Western Europe as the Turkish Empire"The Ottoman Empire-also known in Europe as the Turkish Empire" or simply Turkey, was a state that controlled much of Southeast Europe, Western Asia and North Africa between the 14th and early 20th centuries.
The Ottoman–Hungarian Wars were a series of battles between the Ottoman Empire and the medieval Kingdom of Hungary.
This is an outline of the six-volume work The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, authored by English historian Edward Gibbon (1737–1794).
The Palanok Castle or Mukachevo Castle (translit; Munkács vára, Munkácsi vár) is a historic castle in the city of Mukacheve in the western Ukrainian oblast (province) of Zakarpattia.
The paper money of the Hungarian korona was part of the circulating currency in the post-World War I Kingdom of Hungary until the introduction of the pengő in 1927.
The Treaty of Edirne and the Peace of Szeged were two halves of a peace treaty between Sultan Murad II of the Ottoman Empire and King Vladislaus of the Kingdom of Hungary.
Perchtoldsdorf (colloquially Petersdorf) is a market town in the Mödling District, in the Austrian state of Lower Austria.
Petar Talovac (Tallóci Péter; died in 1453) was a vassal of the Hungarian king Sigismund who served first as administrator of the Archbishopric of Zagreb and then as Ban of Croatia and Dalmatia from 1438 until his death.
Peter Aaron (Petru Aron) (died 1467), bastard son of Alexandru cel Bun, was a Voivode (Prince) of Moldavia on three separate occasions: October 1451 to February 1452, August 1454 to February 1455, and May 1455 to April 1457.
Polish-Serbian relations are foreign relations between Poland and Serbia.
Pope Callixtus III (31 December 1378 – 6 August 1458), born Alfons de Borja, was head of the Catholic Church and ruler of the Papal States from 8 April 1455 to his death in 1458.
Marko Mrnjavčević (Марко Мрњавчевић,; – 17 May 1395) was the de jure Serbian king from 1371 to 1395, while he was the de facto ruler of territory in western Macedonia centered on the town of Prilep.
Principality of Kastrioti (1389–1444) was one of the most important principalities in Medieval Albania.
The Principality of Transylvania (Fürstentum Siebenbürgen; Erdélyi Fejedelemség; Principatus Transsilvaniae; Principatul Transilvaniei or Principatul Ardealului; Erdel Prensliği or Transilvanya Prensliği) was a semi-independent state, ruled primarily by Hungarian princes.
Prizren (Prizreni; Призрен) is a city and municipality located in the Prizren District of Kosovo.
Budapest is the capital of Hungary.
Pustý hrad is a castle whose ruins are located on a forested hill in the southern part of Zvolen in central Slovakia.
Racovița (Racovița-Olt until 1931; Rakowitza or Rakevets; Oltrákovica or colloquially Rákovica) is a commune in Sibiu County, Transylvania, Romania.
Radu III the Fair, Radu III the Handsome or Radu III the Beautiful (Radu cel Frumos), also known by his Turkish name Radu Bey (1437/1439—1475), was the younger brother of Vlad III and voivode (war-lord or a prince) of the principality of Wallachia.
The foundation and rise of the Ottoman Empire is a period of history that started with the emergence of the Ottoman principality in, and ended with the conquest of Constantinople on May 29, 1453.
Romania (România) is a sovereign state located at the crossroads of Central, Eastern, and Southeastern Europe.
The Middle Ages in Romania began with the withdrawal of the Mongols, the last of the migrating populations to invade the territory of modern Romania, after their attack of 1241–1242.
A Romanian district (districtus Valachorum) was an autonomous administrative unit of the Vlachs (or Romanians) in the medieval Kingdom of Hungary.
The Romanians (români or—historically, but now a seldom-used regionalism—rumâni; dated exonym: Vlachs) are a Latin European ethnic group and nation native to Romania, that share a common Romanian culture, ancestry, and speak the Romanian language, the most widespread spoken Eastern Romance language which is descended from the Latin language. According to the 2011 Romanian census, just under 89% of Romania's citizens identified themselves as ethnic Romanians. In one interpretation of the census results in Moldova, the Moldovans are counted as Romanians, which would mean that the latter form part of the majority in that country as well.Ethnic Groups Worldwide: A Ready Reference Handbook By David Levinson, Published 1998 – Greenwood Publishing Group.At the time of the 1989 census, Moldova's total population was 4,335,400. The largest nationality in the republic, ethnic Romanians, numbered 2,795,000 persons, accounting for 64.5 percent of the population. Source:: "however it is one interpretation of census data results. The subject of Moldovan vs Romanian ethnicity touches upon the sensitive topic of", page 108 sqq. Romanians are also an ethnic minority in several nearby countries situated in Central, respectively Eastern Europe, particularly in Hungary, Czech Republic, Ukraine (including Moldovans), Serbia, and Bulgaria. Today, estimates of the number of Romanian people worldwide vary from 26 to 30 million according to various sources, evidently depending on the definition of the term 'Romanian', Romanians native to Romania and Republic of Moldova and their afferent diasporas, native speakers of Romanian, as well as other Eastern Romance-speaking groups considered by most scholars as a constituent part of the broader Romanian people, specifically Aromanians, Megleno-Romanians, Istro-Romanians, and Vlachs in Serbia (including medieval Vlachs), in Croatia, in Bulgaria, or in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The Sanjak of Albania (sancak-i Arvanid, Arvanid-ili sancağı) was a second-level administrative unit (sanjak) of the Ottoman Empire, located in what is today central and southern Albania.
The Sanjak of Niš (Niş Sancağı, Niški Sandžak, Нишки санджак/Nishki sandzhak, Sanxhaku i Nishit) was one of the sanjaks of the Ottoman Empire and its county town was Niš.
Savcı Bey was a 14th-century Ottoman prince who participated in a joint rebellion with the Byzantine prince Andronikos against both of their fathers, the Ottoman emperor Murat I and the Byzantine emperor John V Palaiologos, respectively, in the 1370s.
Sávoly is a village in Somogy county, Hungary.
Sântimbru (Marosszentimre; Sankt Emmerich) is a commune located in Alba County, Romania.
The Serbian Despotate (Српска деспотовина / Srpska despotovina) was a medieval Serbian state in the first half of the 15th century.
Serb epic poetry (Српске епске народне песме/Srpske epske narodne pesme) is a form of epic poetry created by Serbs originating in today's Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia and Montenegro.
Varieties of the color yellow may differ in hue, chroma (also called saturation, intensity, or colorfulness) or lightness (or value, tone, or brightness), or in two or three of these qualities.
The Siege of Belgrade, Battle of Belgrade or Siege of Nándorfehérvár was a military blockade of Belgrade that occurred from July 4–22, 1456.
The Siege of Svetigrad began on 14 May 1448 when an Ottoman army, led by Sultan Murad II, besieged the fortress of Svetigrad (now Kodžadžik).
Sigismund of Luxembourg (15 February 1368 in Nuremberg – 9 December 1437 in Znaim, Moravia) was Prince-elector of Brandenburg from 1378 until 1388 and from 1411 until 1415, King of Hungary and Croatia from 1387, King of Germany from 1411, King of Bohemia from 1419, King of Italy from 1431, and Holy Roman Emperor for four years from 1433 until 1437, the last male member of the House of Luxembourg.
George Castriot (Gjergj Kastrioti, 6 May 1405 – 17 January 1468), known as Skanderbeg (Skënderbej or Skënderbeu from اسکندر بگ İskender Bey), was an Albanian nobleman and military commander, who served the Ottoman Empire in 1423–43, the Republic of Venice in 1443–47, and lastly the Kingdom of Naples until his death.
Skanderbeg has been the subject of many works of art and literature and the inspiration for countless others.
Skanderbeg's Italian expedition (1460–1462) was undertaken to aid his ally Ferdinand I of Naples, whose rulership was threatened by the Angevin Dynasty.
Smederevo (Смедерево) is a city and the administrative center of the Podunavlje District in eastern Serbia.
The Smederevo Fortress (Cмeдepeвcκa твpђaвa/Smederevska tvrđava) is a medieval fortified city in Smederevo, Serbia, which was temporary capital of Serbia in the Middle Ages.
Stephen (I) Erdélyi de Somkerék (somkeréki Erdélyi (I.) István; died 1482) was a Hungarian nobleman, who served as Vice-voivode of Transylvania from 1462 to 1465, and for a short time in 1476.
Stephen III of Moldavia, known as Stephen the Great (Ștefan cel Mare;; died on 2 July 1504) was voivode (or prince) of Moldavia from 1457 to 1504.
Stephen's Tower (Turnul Ştefan; Szent István-torony) is a tower located on Citadel Square in Baia Mare, Romania.
Stjepan Vukčić Kosača (Cyrillic: Стјепан Вукчић Косача; 1404–1466) was the most powerful and for the most part unruly vassal in the Kingdom of Bosnia.
The current structure of the Romanian Land Forces is as follows.
Széchenyi square is the main square in the historical centre of Pécs, Hungary.
The Szózat (in English: Appeal or Summons) is considered as a second national anthem of Hungary, beside the Himnusz.
Szilágyi – Hunyadi Liga was a movement led by Michael Szilágyi and his sister Erzsébet Szilágyi, created with the objective of putting Matthias Corvinus on the throne of the Kingdom of Hungary.
Tâmpa (Zinne, or Kapellenberg; Cenk; Mons Cinum) is a mountain, part of the Postăvarul Massif, located in the southern part of the Eastern Carpathians (alternatively categorized as in the Curvature Carpathians) and almost entirely surrounded by the city of Braşov.
Teiuș (Dreikirchen, Dornstadt; Tövis) is a town in Alba County, Romania, near the junction between the Geoagiu River and the Mureș River, with a population of 7,284 inhabitants.
Stephen Thomas (Stjepan Tomaš/Стјепан Томаш; 1411 – July 1461), a member of the House of Kotromanić, reigned from 1443 until his death as the penultimate King of Bosnia.
This is a timeline of Croatian history, comprising important legal and territorial changes and political events in Croatia and its predecessor states.
This is a timeline of Serbian history, comprising important legal and territorial changes and political events in Serbia and its predecessor states.
The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Sibiu, Transylvania, Romania.
This timeline lists important events relevant to the life of George Kastrioti Skanderbeg (6 May 1405 – 17 January 1468), widely known as Skanderbeg.
Note: All dates are Common Era. The following is a timeline of the major events during the Middle Ages, a time period in human history mostly centered on Europe, which lies between classical antiquity and the modern era.
Timișoara (Temeswar, also formerly Temeschburg or Temeschwar; Temesvár,; טעמשוואר; Темишвар / Temišvar; Banat Bulgarian: Timišvár; Temeşvar; Temešvár) is the capital city of Timiș County, and the main social, economic and cultural centre in western Romania.
Titusz Dugovics or Titus Dugović (Dugovics Titusz; * ?; † 21 July 1456) was a mythical Hungarian soldier of Croatian or Serbian ethnicity who was stationed during the Siege of Belgrade by the Ottoman Empire's forces in Belgrade.
The Transylvanian peasant revolt (erdélyi parasztfelkelés), also known as the peasant revolt of Bábolna or Bobâlna revolt (Răscoala de la Bobâlna), was a popular revolt in the eastern territories of the Kingdom of Hungary in 1437.
Turahan Bey or Turakhan Beg (Turahan Bey/Beğ; Turhan Bej; Τουραχάνης, Τουραχάν μπέης or Τουραχάμπεης;PLP 29165 died in 1456) was a prominent Ottoman military commander and governor of Thessaly from 1423 until his death in 1456.
Ulrich II, or Ulrich of Celje (Ulrik Celjski, Cillei Ulrik, Ulrich II von Cilli; 14069 November 1456), was the last Princely Count of Celje.
The upper nobility (főnemesség, barones) was the highest stratum of the temporal society in the Kingdom of Hungary until 1946 when the Parliament passed an act that prohibited the use of noble titles, following the declaration of the Republic of Hungary.
The Vasojevići (Васојевићи) is a historic Montenegrin clan or tribe and a territorial unit in northeastern Montenegro, in the region of Brda ("the Highlands").
The vice-voivode of Transylvania (erdélyi alvajda; vicevoyvada) was the deputy of the voivode of Transylvania in the Kingdom of Hungary.
Victoriei Square (Piața Victoriei) is a major intersection in central Bucharest, where Calea Victoriei, Lascăr Catargiu Boulevard, Iancu de Hunedoara Boulevard, Kiseleff Boulevard, Ion Mihalache Boulevard and Nicolae Titulescu Boulevard cross.
Paul Marie Théodore Vincent d'Indy (27 March 18512 December 1931) was a French composer and teacher.
Vlad IV Călugărul, (believed born prior to 1425 – September 1495) translated as Vlad the Monk, was the pious half-brother of Vlad III (Vlad the Impaler, or Dracula), and one of many rulers of Wallachia during the 15th century.
Vlad II (Vlad al II-lea), also known as Vlad Dracul (Vlad al II-lea Dracul) or Vlad the Dragon (before 1395 – November 1447), was Voivode of Wallachia from 1436 to 1442, and again from 1443 to 1447.
Vlad III, known as Vlad the Impaler (Vlad Țepeș) or Vlad Dracula (1428/311476/77), was voivode (or prince) of Wallachia three times between 1448 and his death.
Vladislav II (died c. August 20, 1456) was a Voivode or ruler of the principality of Wallachia, from 1447 to 1448, and again from 1448 to 1456.The way Vladislav II came to the throne is debatable.
Voicu is a Romanian surname.
The Voivode of Transylvania (Vojwode von Siebenbürgen;Fallenbüchl 1988, p. 77. erdélyi vajda;Zsoldos 2011, p. 36. voivoda Transsylvaniae; voievodul Transilvaniei) was the highest-ranking official in Transylvania within the Kingdom of Hungary from the 12th century to the 16th century.
Władysław III (31 October 1424 – 10 November 1444), also known as Władysław of Varna, was King of Poland from 1434, and King of Hungary and Croatia from 1440, until his death at the Battle of Varna.
White knight may refer to.
Yakup Bey (Jakup Beu; 1437–d. September 1442) was the sanjak-bey of Albania in 1437 (during the revolt staged by his father, Teodor III Muzaka), replaced by Hadım Şehabeddin (sanjak-bey until 1439), then served again in 1441–42, until September 1442 when he was killed in action along with several other sanjak-beys under the command of Hadım Şehabeddin (since 1439 the beylerbey of the Rumelia Eyalet) at the battle near the Ialomița River against Christian forces under Janos Hunyadi.
Ban Yanuka (Bulgarian: Бан Янука), defender of Sofia from Ottoman Turks in the late 14th century was the manager/deputy of the Tsar Ivan Shishman in Sredets.
The Szapolyai or Zápolya family was a noble family in the Kingdom of Hungary in the second half of the 15th century and in the early 16th century.
Zemun (Земун) is a municipality of the city of Belgrade.
Zemun cemetery is the public cemetery situated in Zemun on the Gardoš Hill.
The Zemun fortress is a fortification located on a hill in Zemun in Belgrade.
In 2006, Romanian Television (Televiziunea Română, TVR) conducted a vote to determine whom the general public considered the 100 Greatest Romanians of all time, in a version of the British TV show 100 Greatest Britons.
Year 1406 (MCDVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1442 (MCDXLII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1443 (MCDXLIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1444 (MCDXLIV) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1447 (MCDXLVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1448 (MCDXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1449 (MCDXLIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1455 (MCDLV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1456 (MCDLVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
The 15th century was the century which spans the Julian years 1401 to 1500.
The 25th Waffen Grenadier Division of the SS "Hunyadi" (1st Hungarian) was a short-lived infantry division of the Waffen-SS, an armed branch of the German Nazi Party that served alongside but was never formally part of the Wehrmacht during World War II.
The 4th Infantry Division Gemina is one of the major units of the Romanian Land Forces, with its headquarters in Cluj-Napoca.
The 61st Mountain Troops Brigade "General Virgil Bădulescu" (Brigada 61 Vânători de Munte) is a mountain troops brigade of the Romanian Land Forces.
Hunyadi, Janos, Hunyadi, János, Hunyady, Janos, Hunyady, János, Iancu Corvin, Iancu de Hunedoara, Jan Hunyadi, Janos Hunyadi, Janos Hunyady, Janus Hunyadi, Johannes Hunyadi, John Corvinus Hundyades, John Corvinus of Hunedoara, John Huniady, János Hunyadi, János Hunyady, Sibinjanin Janko.