407 relations: Abortion in Spain, Accession of Turkey to the European Union, Aero Caribbean Flight 883, Air travel disruption after the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull eruption, Alberto Ruiz-Gallardón, Alejandro Toledo, Alfredo Pérez Rubalcaba, Alliance of Civilizations, Almudena Grandes, AMX-30E, An Inconvenient Truth, Ana Pardo de Vera, Andalusian regional election, 2008, Andalusian regional election, 2012, Annus horribilis, Anti-abortion movements, Antonio Cuevas, Atocha station memorial, August 1960, August 4, Autovía A-80, Aznar government, ¿Por qué no te callas?, Águilas, Ángel Gabilondo, Ángeles González-Sinde, Íngrid Betancourt, Baila el Chiki-chiki, Barbara Probst Solomon, Barrio Húmedo, Basque conflict, Basque Country (autonomous community), Basque National Liberation Movement prisoners, Beatriz Corredor, Bernardino León, Bernat Soria, Bettino Craxi, Bibiana Aído, Brazilian presidential election, 2010, Bullfighting, Café Novelty, Canada–Spain relations, Carme Chacón, Carmen Calvo Poyato, Castilian-Manchegan regional election, 2003, Cándido Conde-Pumpido, César Vidal Manzanares, Chernobil... ¡Qué cuchitril!, Christmas Eve National Speech, Citizens (Spanish political party), ..., Clash of Civilizations, Constitutional patriotism, Controversies surrounding Silvio Berlusconi, Controversies surrounding the Eurozone crisis, Craxism, Cristóbal Colón de Carvajal, 18th Duke of Veragua, Cristina Garmendia, Cristina Narbona, Cuba española, Daniel Garbade, Death and state funeral of Lech and Maria Kaczyński, Death and state funeral of Néstor Kirchner, Deputy Prime Minister of Spain, Disabled sports in Spain, Donostia-San Sebastián International Peace Conference, Duke of Suárez, Economic Forum in Krynica, Economy of Spain, Education for Citizenship (Spain), El Español de la Historia, El País, El Salvador–Spain relations, Elena Salgado, Emilio Pérez Touriño, ETA (separatist group), ETA's 2006 ceasefire declaration, European debt crisis, European Parliament election, 2014, European reactions to the 2006 Lebanon War, FC Barcelona, Federal District buildings, Federico Jiménez Losantos, Felipe González, FIBA EuroBasket 2011 Final, Foreign policy of the Evo Morales administration, Foreign policy of the Recep Tayyip Erdoğan government, Foreign relations of Bolivia, Foreign relations of Honduras, Foreign relations of Mexico, Foreign relations of Spain, Forest of Remembrance, Forum for the Future (Bahrain 2005), Fran Perea, Francisco Caamaño Domínguez, Francisco Franco, Francisco Javier López Peña, Francisco Rubio Llorente, Francoist Spain, French presidential election, 2007, Fundación Alternativas, Gaza–Israel conflict, George W. Bush, Glyn Moody, Government of Spain, Goya Awards, Greece–Spain relations, Green March, Gregorio Peces-Barba, Historical Memory Law, History of Spain, History of Spain (1975–present), History of Venezuela (1999–present), Holy See–Spain relations, Humanitarian response to the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake, Iñaki de Juana Chaos, Ibarretxe Plan, IDEAS Foundation for progress, Ignacio Fernández Toxo, Ignacio Gil, Ignacio Rupérez, Inmaculada Bañuls, Inmaculada Rodríguez-Piñero, Interfaith dialogue, International Commission Against the Death Penalty, International reaction to the 2009 Honduran coup d'état, International reaction to the assassination of Benazir Bhutto, International reactions to the Egyptian revolution of 2011, International reactions to the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster, International reactions to the United States presidential election, 2008, Iraq spring fighting of 2004, Iraq–European Union relations, Irene Villa, Irreligion in Spain, Isidro Fabela, Isla Presidencial, Islamabad Marriott Hotel bombing, Israel–Spain relations, Istiqlal Party, Italian general election, 2006, Jaime Lissavetzky, January 2011 Rio de Janeiro floods and mudslides, Jaume Roures, Javier Arenas (Spanish politician), Javier Solana, Jesús Caldera, Jesús de Polanco, Joan Clos, Joaquín Almunia, Jorge Domecq, José Antonio Alonso, José Antonio Ortega Lara, José Blanco López, José Bono Martínez, José Ignacio Wert, José Luis Rodríguez, José María Aznar, José María Barreda, José Montilla, José Saramago, José Sánchez Mota, Josep Borrell, Juan Carlos Girauta, Juan Carlos I of Spain, Juan Fernando López Aguilar, Kazakhstan–Spain relations, La Gaceta (Spain), Las noticias del guiñol, Leader of the Opposition (Spain), León, Spain, Leire Pajín, Ley Sinde, LGBT rights in Spain, Lisbon Strategy, List of agnostics, List of ambassadors of Ireland to Spain, List of ambassadors of Spain to the Netherlands, List of Bilderberg participants, List of dignitaries at the funeral of Pope John Paul II, List of diplomatic visits to the United States, List of Foreign Ministers of Spain, List of international trips made by the United States Secretary of State, List of Jews in politics, List of members of the eighth Congress of Deputies (Spain), List of members of the ninth Congress of Deputies (Spain), List of Ministers of Education of Spain, List of ministers of the environment, List of people associated with the World Trade Organization Ministerial Conference of 2005, List of people from Ávila, Spain, List of people from Madrid, List of political catchphrases, List of presidential trips made by Christian Wulff, List of Prime Ministers of Spain, List of Spaniards, List of state leaders in 2004, List of state leaders in 2005, List of state leaders in 2006, List of state leaders in 2007, List of state leaders in 2008, List of state leaders in 2009, List of state leaders in 2010, List of state leaders in 2011, List of state leaders in the 21st century, Loris Fortuna, Luis Montes Mieza, Madrid City Council election, 2011, Madrilenian regional election, 2015, Magdalena Álvarez, Manuel Chaves González, Manuel Monteiro de Castro, Manuela Carmena, María Amelia López Soliño, María Antonia Trujillo, María González Veracruz, María Teresa Fernández de la Vega, Marbella, Marginal employment, Maria Soraya Rodriguez Ramos, Mariano Fernández Bermejo, Mariano Rajoy, Matilde Fernández, Máximo Cajal López, MEDays, Melilla border fence, Members of the 9th Cortes Generales, Mercedes Cabrera, Mexico–Spain relations, Michelle Bachelet, Miguel Ángel Fernández Ordóñez, Miguel Ángel Moratinos, Miguel Sebastián Gascón, Military Emergencies Unit, Ministry of Economy and Enterprise, Ministry of Housing (Spain), Ministry of Justice (Spain), Ministry of Labour, Migrations and Social Security (Spain), Ministry of the Interior (Spain), Ministry of the Treasury (Spain), Monarchies in Europe, Monarchy of Spain, Morocco–Spain relations, Mr. Bean, Multi-National Force – Iraq, National Prayer Breakfast, Naturalization, Navarrese People's Union, Official state car, Opinion polling for the Spanish general election, 2004, Opinion polling for the Spanish general election, 2008, Order of the Cross of Terra Mariana, Pact of forgetting, Palestinian keffiyeh, Parties in the European Council between January and April 2004, Parties in the European Council between May and December 2004, Parties in the European Council during 2005, Parties in the European Council during 2006, Parties in the European Council during 2007, Parties in the European Council during 2008, Parties in the European Council during 2009, Parties in the European Council during 2010, Parties in the European Council during 2011, Party of European Socialists presidential primaries, 2014, Paul the Octopus, Pedro J. 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Abortion in Spain is legal with some restrictions.
Turkey's application to accede to the European Economic Community, the predecessor of the European Union (EU), was made on 14 April 1987.
Aero Caribbean Flight 883 was a domestic scheduled passenger flight from Santiago de Cuba, Cuba, to Havana, Cuba.
In response to concerns that volcanic ash ejected during the 2010 eruptions of Eyjafjallajökull in Iceland would damage aircraft engines, the controlled airspace of many European countries was closed to instrument flight rules traffic, resulting in the largest air-traffic shut-down since World War II.
Alberto Ruiz-Gallardón Jiménez (born 11 December 1958) is a Spanish politician and former Minister of Justice.
Alejandro Celestino Toledo Manrique (born 28 March 1946) is a Peruvian politician who served as the 63rd President of Peru, from 2001 to 2006.
Alfredo Pérez Rubalcaba (born 28 July 1951) is a Spanish politician who was General Secretary of the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) from 2012 to 2014.
The United Nations Alliance of Civilizations (UNAOC) is an initiative proposed by the President of the Government of Spain, José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero, at the 59th General Assembly of the United Nations (UN) in 2005.
Almudena Grandes Hernández (Madrid, 7 May 1960) is a Spanish writer.
The AMX-30E (E stands for España, Spanish for Spain) is a Spanish main battle tank based on France's AMX-30. Although originally the Spanish government sought to procure the German Leopard 1, the AMX-30 was ultimately awarded the contract due to its lower price and the ability to manufacture it in Spain. 280 units were manufactured by Santa Bárbara Sistemas for the Spanish Army, between 1974 and 1983. First acquired in 1970, the tank was to supplement Spain's fleet of M47 and M48 Patton United States tanks and to reduce Spain's reliance on American equipment in its army. The first 19 AMX-30 tanks were acquired from France in 1970, while another 280 were assembled in Spain. It was Spain's first mass-produced tank and developed the country's industry to the point where the government felt it could produce a tank on its own, leading to the development of the Lince tank project in 1985. It also offered Santa Bárbara Sistemas the experience which led to the production of the Leopard 2E in late 2003. Although final assembly was carried out by Santa Bárbara Sistemas, the production of the AMX-30E also included other companies in the country. Total production within Spain amounted to as much as 65% of the tank. Spain's AMX-30E fleet went through two separate modifications in the late 1980s, a modernization program and a reconstruction program. The former, named the AMX-30EM2 (150 tanks), sought to modernize and improve the vehicle's automotive characteristics, while the latter, or the AMX-30EM1 (149 tanks), resulted in a more austere improvement of the tank's power plant by maintaining the existing engine and replacing the transmission. Both programs extended the vehicle's lifetime. Spain's fleet of AMX-30EM1s was replaced in the late 1990s by the German Leopard 2A4, and the AMX-30EM2s were replaced by Centauro wheeled anti-tank vehicles in the early 21st century. Although 19 AMX-30Es were deployed to the Spanish Sahara in 1970, the tank never saw combat. In 1985 Indonesia expressed interest in the AMX-30E, while in 2004 the Spanish and Colombian governments discussed the possible sale of around 40 AMX-30EM2s. Both trade deals fell through.
An Inconvenient Truth is a 2006 American documentary film directed by Davis Guggenheim about former United States Vice President Al Gore's campaign to educate citizens about global warming via a comprehensive slide show that, by his own estimate made in the film, he has given more than a thousand times.
Ana Pardo de Vera Posada (Lugo, 1974) is a Spanish journalist.
The 2008 Andalusian regional election was held on Sunday, 9 March 2008, to elect the 8th Parliament of the Autonomous Community of Andalusia.
The 2012 Andalusian regional election was held on Sunday, 25 March 2012, to elect the 9th Parliament of the Autonomous Community of Andalusia.
Annus horribilis is a Latin phrase, meaning "horrible year".
Anti-abortion movements, also referred to as pro-life movements, are involved in the abortion debate advocating against the practice of abortion and its legality.
Antonio Cuevas Delgado (Puente Ganil, Spain, 7 May 1949) is a Spanish politician and member of the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE).
The Atocha station memorial is a memorial monument located at Atocha station in Madrid, Spain, that commemorates the 191 victims of the 11 March 2004 Madrid train bombings.
The following events occurred in August 1960.
The Autovía A-80, also known as Autovía del Suroccidente (Southwestern highway), ia proposed highway in Asturias, Spain.
José María Aznar formed the Aznar government on 6 May 1996 after being nominated by King Juan Carlos I to form a government as a result of the People's Party's victory at the 1996 general election.
¿Por qué no te callas? (English: "Why don't you shut up?") is a phrase that was uttered by King Juan Carlos I of Spain to Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez, at the 2007 Ibero-American Summit in Santiago, Chile, when Chávez was repeatedly interrupting Prime Minister of Spain José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero's speech.
Águilas is a municipality and seaport of southeastern Spain, in the province of Murcia.
Ángel Gabilondo Pujol (born 1 March 1949) is a Spanish university professor.
Ángeles González-Sinde Reig (born 7 April 1965) is a Spanish scriptwriter, film director and politician.
Ingrid Betancourt Pulecio (born 25 December 1961) is a Colombian-French politician, former senator and anti-corruption activist.
"Baila el Chiki-chiki" ("Dance the Chiki-chiki") is a song by Rodolfo Chikilicuatre and Spain's entry in the Eurovision Song Contest 2008, in Belgrade, Serbia.
Barbara Probst Solomon (born December 3, 1928) is an American author, essayist and journalist.
Barrio Húmedo is the nickname given to an old part of the city of León, Spain, that is concentrated within the largely intact Roman city walls.
The Basque conflict, also known as the Spain–ETA conflict, was an armed and political conflict from 1959 to 2011 between Spain and the Basque National Liberation Movement, a group of social and political Basque organizations which sought independence from Spain and France.
The Basque Country (Euskadi; País Vasco; Pays Basque), officially the Basque Autonomous Community (Euskal Autonomia Erkidegoa, EAE; Comunidad Autónoma Vasca, CAV) is an autonomous community in northern Spain.
Basque National Liberation Movement prisoners are all those people who have been imprisoned, placed on remand, or otherwise kept in custody due to their illegal activity in support of the Basque National Liberation Movement (MLNV using its Spanish acronym).
Beatriz Corredor Sierra (b. Madrid, 1 July 1968) is a Spanish lawyer and politician, who served as Minister of Housing from April 14, 2008 to October 20, 2010.
Bernardino León Gross (born 20 October 1964) is a Spanish diplomat and politician and former United Nations Special Representative and Head of the United Nations Support Mission in Libya.
Bernat Soria Escoms (born 7 May 1951) is a Spanish politician who served as Minister of Health from 2007 to 2009.
Benedetto "Bettino" Craxi (24 February 1934 – 19 January 2000) was an Italian politician, leader of the Italian Socialist Party from 1976 to 1993 and Prime Minister of Italy from 1983 to 1987.
Bibiana Aído Almagro (born 2 February 1977) is a Spanish politician who served as Minister for Equality.
The Brazilian presidential election was held in 2010 with two rounds of balloting.
Bullfighting is a physical contest that involves humans and animals attempting to publicly subdue, immobilise, or kill a bull, usually according to a set of rules, guidelines, or cultural expectations.
The Café Novelty (Coffeehouse Novelty) is the oldest café in the city of Salamanca (Spain), which was founded in 1905 and is situated in the main square of the city, Plaza Mayor de Salamanca.
Canada–Spain relations refers to the diplomatic relations between Canada and the Kingdom of Spain.
Carme Maria Chacón Piqueras (March 13, 1971April 9, 2017) was a Spanish lawyer, lecturer and politician who was Minister of Defence from 2008 to 2011 in the cabinet led by Spanish Prime Minister José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero, Member of Spanish Socialist Worker’s Party (PSOE) since 1994, she was elected member of the Parliament of Catalonia and Vice President of the Spanish Congress of Deputies, the lower house in the Spanish Parliament.
Carmen Calvo Poyato (born 9 June 1957 in Cabra, Córdoba, Spain) is a Spanish Socialist Workers Party politician serving as Deputy Prime Minister of Spain and Minister of the Presidency since June 2018.
The 2003 Castilian-Manchegan regional election was held on Sunday, 25 May 2003, to elect the 6th Cortes of the Autonomous Community of Castilla–La Mancha.
Cándido Conde-Pumpido (born September 22, 1949), was the Attorney General of Spain (2004–2011).
César Vidal Manzanares, born 1958 in Madrid, is a Spanish radio host, lawyer turned historian and author.
The Christmas Eve National Speech Discurso Nacional de S.M el Rey is a broadcast by the reigning King of Spain to Spain every Christmas since 1975.
Citizens (Ciudadanos; Ciutadans; Hiritarrak; Cidadáns; shortened as Cs—C's until January 2017), officially Citizens – Party of the Citizenry (Ciudadanos – Partido de la Ciudadanía), is a centre-right and liberal political party in Spain.
The Clash of Civilizations is a hypothesis that people's cultural and religious identities will be the primary source of conflict in the post-Cold War world.
Constitutional patriotism (Verfassungspatriotismus) is the idea that people should form a political attachment to the norms and values of a pluralistic liberal democratic constitution rather than a national culture or cosmopolitan society.
Silvio Berlusconi is an Italian media mogul and former Prime Minister of Italy who owns the largest broadcasting company in that country, Mediaset.
The Eurozone crisis is an ongoing financial crisis that has made it difficult or impossible for some countries in the euro area to repay or re-finance their government debt without the assistance of third parties.
Craxism (Craxismo) was and is according to some extant, an Italian political ideology based on the thought of socialist leader Bettino Craxi, who was also Prime Minister in the 1980s.
Vice admiral Cristóbal Colón de Carvajal y Gorosábel, 18th Duke of Veragua, 17th Duke of la Vega, 19th Marquess of Aguilafuente, 16th Marquess of Jamaica, GE, OIC (October 4, 1949 -) is a Spanish nobleman, businessman and formerly an officer, helicopter pilot, and commander of a naval vessel in the Spanish Navy.
Cristina Narbona (born 29 July 1951) is a Spanish Socialist Workers' Party politician.
Spanish Cuba (Cuba española) is a contemporary citizens' initiative, launched in 2008 from an idea of José Ramón Morales (Caimito, Cuba, November 5, 1954, Miami - May 28, 2012).
Daniel Garbade (born 1957 in Zurich) is a Swiss painter, illustrator, art director and publisher.
Lech Kaczyński, the fourth President of the Republic of Poland, died on 10 April 2010, after a Polish Air Force Tu-154 crashed outside of Smolensk, Russia, killing all 96 aboard.
Argentina’s former President and 1st Secretary General of the Union of South American Nations, Néstor Kirchner, died of heart failure on the morning of 27 October 2010 at the Jose Formenti hospital in El Calafate, Santa Cruz Province at the age of 60.
The Deputy Prime Minister of Spain, officially Vice President of the Government, (Vicepresidente del Gobierno de España) is the second in command to the Prime Minister of Spain, filling in for when the Prime Minister is absent or incapable of exercising power.
Disabled sports in Spain started in the 1910s with the emergence of deaf sport.
The International Conference to Promote the Resolution of the Conflict in the Basque Country — more widely known as the Donostia-San Sebastián International Peace Conference — was a conference aimed at promoting a resolution to the Basque conflict, which took place in Donostia-San Sebastián (Basque Country) on October 17, 2011, at Aiete Palace.
Duke of Suárez (Duque de Suárez) is a hereditary title in the Spanish nobility.
Krynica Economic Forum - an annual international meeting of economic and political elites held in the first half of September1 at the ski and spa resort of Krynica-Zdroj in southern Poland.
The economy of Spain is the world's fourteenth-largest by nominal GDP, and it is also one of the largest in the world by purchasing power parity.
Education for Citizenship and Human Rights (Educación para la Ciudadanía y los Derechos Humanos, abbr. EpC) is the name of a school subject designed for the last cycle of primary education and all secondary education in Spain, introduced by the government of José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero.
El Español de la Historia ("The Spaniard of History") was an Antena 3 show which aired on May 2007, based on the original BBC series 100 Greatest Britons.
El País (literally The Country) is the most read newspaper (231,140 printed copies) in Spain and the most circulated daily newspaper (180,765 circulation average), according to data certified by the Office of Justification of Dissemination (OJD) and referring to the period of January 2017 to December 2017.
El Salvador–Spain refers to the current and historical relations between El Salvador and Spain.
Elena Salgado Méndez (born 12 May 1949 in Ourense, Galicia, Spain) is a Spanish politician.
Emilio Pérez Touriño (born 8 August 1948) is a Spanish politician and economist.
ETA, an acronym for Euskadi Ta Askatasuna ("Basque Homeland and Liberty"), was an armed leftist Basque nationalist and separatist organization in the Basque Country (in northern Spain and southwestern France).
ETA's 2006 "permanent ceasefire" was the period spanning between 24 March and 30 December 2006 during which, following an ETA communiqué, the Spanish government, led by José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero on one side, and the militant group on the other, engaged in talks as a means to agree on a formula to voluntarily disband the latter.
The European debt crisis (often also referred to as the Eurozone crisis or the European sovereign debt crisis) is a multi-year debt crisis that has been taking place in the European Union since the end of 2009.
From 22 to 25 May 2014, elections to the European Parliament were held in the European Union.
Reactions to the 2006 Lebanon War coming from the European countries.
Futbol Club Barcelona, commonly known as Barcelona and familiarly as Barça, is a professional football club based in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.
The Federal District buildings are two buildings on the south side of the Zócalo in Mexico City divided by the avenue Avenida 20 de Noviembre.
Federico Jiménez Losantos is a popular Spanish pundit, being most known for his radio talk show, but also a TV host and literary author.
Felipe González Márquez (born 5 March 1942) is a Spanish lawyer, professor, and politician, who was the Secretary-General of the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) from 1974 to 1997, and the 3rd Prime Minister of Spain since the restoration of democracy, from 1982 to 1996.
The EuroBasket 2011 final was the championship game of EuroBasket 2011 played at the Žalgiris Arena in Kaunas, Lithuania on 18 September between Spain and France.
The foreign policy of the Evo Morales administration concerns the policy initiatives made towards other states by the current President of Bolivia, in difference to past, or future, Bolivian foreign policy.
The foreign policy of the Recep Tayyip Erdoğan government concerns the policy initiatives made by Turkey towards other states under Prime Minister, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan.
Bolivia traditionally has maintained normal diplomatic relations with all hemispheric states except Chile.
Honduras is a member of the United Nations, the World Trade Organization (WTO), the Central American Parliament (PARLACEN), the Central American Integration System (SICA), and the Central American Security Commission (CASQ).
The foreign relations of Mexico are directed by the President of the United Mexican States and managed through the Secretariat of Foreign Affairs.
After the return of democracy following the death of General Franco in 1975, Spain's foreign policy priorities were to break out of the diplomatic isolation of the Franco years and expand diplomatic relations, enter the European Community, and define security relations with NATO, later joining the organization in 1982.
The Forest of Remembrance (Bosque del Recuerdo), formerly known as the Forest of the Departed (Bosque de los Ausentes), is a memorial garden located in the park of El Retiro in Madrid, Spain that commemorates the 191 civilian victims of the 2004 Madrid train bombings and the special forces agent who died in the attacks on 11 March 2004.
The Forum for the Future in Bahrain on 11–12 November 2005 brought together, by suggestion of the prime minister of Spain, José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero, the leaders of states of the Middle East, industrialised countries of the Group of Eight (G8) and other partners to promote political, economic and social reform in the region.
Francisco Manuel Perea Bilbao (born November 20, 1978, in Málaga, Andalucía, Spain), professionally known as Fran Perea, is a Spanish actor and singer.
Don Francisco Manuel Caamaño Domínguez (born 8 January 1963) is a Spanish politician, who served as justice minister from 2009 to 2011.
Francisco Franco Bahamonde (4 December 1892 – 20 November 1975) was a Spanish general who ruled over Spain as a military dictator from 1939, after the Nationalist victory in the Spanish Civil War, until his death in 1975.
Francisco Javier López Peña alias Thierry (14 February 1958 – 30 March 2013) was an ETA member.
Francisco Rubio Llorente (25 February 1930 – 23 January 2016) was a Spanish judge and law professor.
Francoist Spain (España franquista) or the Franco regime (Régimen de Franco), formally known as the Spanish State (Estado Español), is the period of Spanish history between 1939, when Francisco Franco took control of Spain after the Nationalist victory in the Spanish Civil War establishing a dictatorship, and 1975, when Franco died and Prince Juan Carlos was crowned King of Spain.
The 2007 French presidential election, the ninth of the Fifth French Republic was held to elect the successor to Jacques Chirac as president of France (and ex officio Co-Prince of Andorra) for a five-year term.
Fundación Alternativas (in English Alternatives Foundation) is a Spanish progressive think tank created in 1997 in Madrid which aims to discuss issues of interest to citizens and act as a channel of political, social, economic and cultural thought.
The Gaza–Israel conflict is a part of the wider Israeli–Palestinian conflict.
George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is an American politician who served as the 43rd President of the United States from 2001 to 2009.
Glyn Moody is a technology writer.
The Government of Spain (Gobierno de España) is the central government which leads the executive branch and the General State Administration of Spain.
The Goya Awards, known in Spanish as los Premios Goya, are Spain's main national annual film awards.
Greek–Spanish relations are the relations between Greece and Spain.
The Green March was a strategic mass demonstration in November 1975, coordinated by the Moroccan government, to force Spain to hand over the disputed, autonomous semi-metropolitan province of Spanish Sahara to Morocco.
Gregorio Peces-Barba (13 January 1938 – 24 July 2012) was a Spanish politician and jurist.
Law 57/2007 That recognises and broadens the rights and establishes measures in favour of those who suffered prosecution or violence during the Civil War and the Dictatorship (in Spanish: Ley 57/2007 por la que se reconocen y amplían derechos y se establecen medidas en favor de quienes padecieron persecución o violencia durante la Guerra Civil y la Dictadura), commonly known as Historical Memory Law (Sp: Ley de Memoria Histórica) is a Spanish law passed by the Congress of Deputies on 31 October 2007.
The history of Spain dates back to the Middle Ages.
For all intents and purposes, the history of contemporary Spain began with the death of caudillo Francisco Franco on the 20 November 1975, the accession of King Juan Carlos I to the throne and the establishment of the parliamentary monarchy.
Venezuela since February 2, 1999 saw sweeping and radical shifts in social policy, moving away from the government officially embracing a free market economy and neoliberal reform principles and towards socialist income redistribution and social welfare programs.
Holy See–Spain relations are foreign relations between the Holy See and Spain.
The humanitarian response to the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake of a magnitude of 9.3 was prompted by one of the worst natural disasters of modern times.
José Ignacio de Juana Chaos (born 1955 in Gipuzkoa, Spain), better known as Iñaki de Juana Chaos, is a member of the Basque separatist group ETA.
The Political statute of the Community of the Basque Country, more known as Ibarretxe Plan was a proposal by former lehendakari Juan Jose Ibarretxe to radically alter the Statute of Autonomy of the Basque Country proposing a free association of the Basque Country with Spain on an equal footing, and that including a right to self-determination.
The Ideas Foundation for Progress (Fundación Ideas para el Progreso), also known as the Fundación IDEAS (IDEAS Foundation), is a Spanish think tank that works on political ideas and proposals for the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE).
Ignacio Fernández Toxo (Ferrol, 25 November 1952) is a Spanish Trade Unionist that held the position of General Secretary of the Spanish union Workers' Commissions (CCOO) from 2008 to 2017 and President of the European Trade Union Confederation (ETUC) from 2011 to 2015.
Ignacio Gil Lázaro (born 23 September 1957, in Valencia, Spain) is a Spanish politician who belongs to the People's Party (PP).
Ignacio Rupérez Rubio (17 October 1943 – 25 December 2015) was a Spanish diplomat, journalist, and writer.
Inmaculada Bañuls Ros (born 6 May 1963) is a Spanish teacher and politician who belongs to the main opposition People's Party (PP).
Inmaculada Rodríguez-Piñero Fernández (born 7 January 1958, Madrid) is a Spanish politician for the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE).
Interfaith dialogue refers to cooperative, constructive, and positive interaction between people of different religious traditions (i.e., "faiths") and/or spiritual or humanistic beliefs, at both the individual and institutional levels.
The International Commission against the Death Penalty (ICDP or Commission) was founded in Madrid in October 2010, as a result of a Spanish initiative.
International reaction to the 2009 Honduran coup d'état of June 28, 2009, was that the coup was widely repudiated around the globe.
The international reaction to the assassination of Benazir Bhutto consisted of universal condemnation across the international community, including Pakistan's regional neighbors Afghanistan, China, India, Bangladesh, and Iran.
International reactions to the Egyptian Revolution of 2011 refer to external responses to the events that took place in Egypt between 25 January and 10 February 2011, as well as some of the events after the collapse of the government of Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak, such as Mubarak's trial.
The international reaction to the 2011 Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster has been diverse and widespread.
This article lists international reactions to the 2008 United States presidential election of Barack Obama as the 44th President of the United States on November 4, 2008 and his inauguration on January 20, 2009.
The Iraq Spring Fighting of 2004 (April 4, 2004 – June 24, 2004) was a series of operational offensives and various major engagements during the Iraq War.
Iraq – European Union (EU) relations refers to the international relations between the Republic of Iraq and the EU.
Irene Villa (born 21 November 1978) is a Spanish author and journalist who became a political figure after losing both legs in an ETA attack in Madrid at the age of 12.
Irreligion in Spain is a phenomenon that exists at least since the 17th century.
Isidro Fabela Alfaro (28 June 1882 – 12 August 1964) was a Mexican judge, politician, professor, writer, publisher, governor of the State of Mexico, diplomat, and delegate to the now defunct League of Nations.
Isla presidencial (Presidential Island) is an adult web animation page from Venezuela.
The Islamabad Marriott Hotel bombing occurred during the night of 20 September 2008, when a dump truck filled with explosives detonated in front of the Marriott Hotel in the Pakistani capital Islamabad, killing at least 54 people, injuring at least 266 and leaving a 60 ft (20 m) wide, 20 ft (6 m) deep crater outside the hotel.
Israel–Spain relations refers to diplomatic, cultural and economic relations between Israel and Spain.
The Istiqlal or Independence Party (Arabic: حزب الإستقلال Ḥizb Al-Istiqlāl, French: Parti de l'Istiqlal) is a political party in Morocco.
The 2006 Italian general election for the two Chambers of the Italian Parliament was held on 9 and 10 April 2006.
Jaime Lissavetzky Díez (b. 27 September 1951) is a Spanish chemist and politician.
A series of floods and mudslides took place in in several towns of the Mountainous Region (Região Serrana), in the Brazilian state of Rio de Janeiro.
Jaume Roures Llop (originally Jaime Robles Lobo)(born 1950) is a Spanish businessman, film producer, political activist and media mogul from Catalonia.
Javier Arenas Bocanegra (born 28 December 1957 in Seville, Spain) is a Spanish politician.
Francisco Javier Solana de Madariaga, KOGF, KCMG (born 14 July 1942), is a Spanish physicist and Socialist politician.
Jesús Caldera Sánchez-Capitán (born October 31, 1957 in Béjar, Salamanca) is a Spanish socialist politician.
Jesús Polanco Gutiérrez, also known as Jesús de Polanco (November 7, 1929 – July 21, 2007) was a businessman from Spain who built one of the largest media empires in the world.
Joan Clos i Matheu, GCIH (born 29 June 1949) is a Spanish politician who was mayor of Barcelona, Spain from September 1997 to September 2006.
Joaquín Almunia Amann (born 17 June 1948) is a Spanish politician and formerly, prominent member of the European Commission.
Jorge Domecq (born 28 November 1960) is a Spanish diplomat who is the former ambassador of Spain to the Philippines.
José Antonio Alonso Suárez (28 March 1960 – 2 February 2017) was a Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) politician, cabinet minister and judge.
José Antonio Ortega Lara (Montuenga, parish of Madrigalejo del Monte, Burgos, 1958) is a former Spanish prison officer who was kidnapped by the separatist organization ETA for 532 days between 1996 and 1997.
José Blanco López (born 6 February 1962), also known as Pepe Blanco, is a Spanish socialist politician.
José Bono Martínez (born December 14, 1950) is a Spanish politician, born in Salobre, Albacete.
José Ignacio Wert Ortega (born 18 February 1950, in Madrid) is a Spanish politician.
José Luis Rodríguez may refer to.
José María Alfredo Aznar López (born 25 February 1953) is a Spanish politician who served as the Prime Minister of Spain from 1996 to 2004.
José María Barreda Fontes (born 4 February 1953) is a Spanish politician and academic.
José Montilla Aguilera (born 15 January 1955 in Iznájar, Córdoba, Spain) is a Spanish politician who is currently a member of the Spanish Senate.
José de Sousa Saramago, GColSE (16 November 1922 – 18 June 2010), was a Portuguese writer and recipient of the 1998 Nobel Prize in Literature.
José Sánchez Mota (born June 30, 1965), better known as José Mota, is a Spanish comedian and actor.
Josep Borrell i Fontelles (born 24 April 1947 in La Pobla de Segur, Lleida) is a Spanish politician.
Juan Carlos Girauta (born 12 March 1961 in Barcelona), is a Spanish politician, who, from July 2014 until January 2016 served as a Member of the European Parliament, representing Spain for the Citizens political party.
Juan Carlos I (Juan Carlos Alfonso Víctor María de Borbón y Borbón-Dos Sicilias, born 5 January 1938) reigned as King of Spain from 1975 until his abdication in 2014.
Juan Fernando López Aguilar (born 10 June 1961) is a Spanish Socialist Workers' Party politician, and former Minister of Justice in the government of José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero.
Kazakhstan–Spain relations refers to the bilateral relations between Kazakhstan and Spain.
La Gaceta (Spanish for "The Gazette", full name La Gaceta de los Negocios, "The Business Gazette") is a newspaper belonging to the Intereconomia Group which is conservative and supportive of market liberalism.
Las noticias del guiñol ("The news of guignol") was a satirical news programme that aired on Canal+ (since 1995) and Cuatro (since 2005) in Spain.
The Leader of the Opposition (Líder de la oposición) is an unofficial, mostly conventional and honorary title traditionally held by the leader of the largest party in the Congress of Deputies—the lower house of the Spanish parliament, the Cortes Generales—not within the government.
León is the capital of the province of León, located in the northwest of Spain.
Leire Pajín Iraola (born September 16, 1976) is a Spanish socialist politician.
Ley Sinde, or the Sinde Law, is a provision in Spain's Sustainable Economy Act designed to address internet copyright infringements.
Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender (LGBT) rights in Spain have undergone several significant changes in recent years.
The Lisbon Strategy, also known as the Lisbon Agenda or Lisbon Process, was an action and development plan devised in 2000, for the economy of the European Union between 2000 and 2010.
Listed here are persons who have identified themselves as theologically agnostic.
The Ambassador of Ireland to Spain is the head of the Embassy of Ireland, Madrid, and the official representative of the Government of Ireland to the Government of Spain.
The Spanish Ambassador to the Netherlands is the Ambassador of the Spanish government to the government of the Netherlands.
The following is a list of prominent persons who are known to have attended one or more conferences organized by the Bilderberg Group.
This is a list of dignitaries at the funeral of Pope John Paul II.
International trips made by the heads of state and heads of government to the United States have become a valuable part of American diplomacy and international relations since such trips were first made in the mid-19th century.
The following is a list of those who have served as foreign ministers of Spain.
This is a list of international visits undertaken by the United States Secretary of State.
A list of Jewish politicians by country.
This is a list of members of the eighth Congress of Deputies (Spain).
This is a list of members of the ninth Congress of Deputies (Spain).
The Ministry of Education and Vocational Training (Spanish: Ministerio de Educación y Formación Profesional) is the ministry of the government of Spain responsible for the administration and the preservation of the non-university education and vocational training.
This is a list of ministers of the environment or officials in cabinet level positions with "environment" in their titles.
Apart from officials and representatives of member countries and observer countries, the Hong Kong Ministerial Conference will be the first to house the Centre for the non-governmental organization (NGOs) under the same roof as the conference proper.
This is a list of people from Ávila, Spain.
This article is a list of notable people from Madrid, the capital of Spain.
The following is a list of political catchphrases, that is, distinctive statements uttered by political figures that have gone on to become well known.
This is a list of presidential visits to foreign countries made by Christian Wulff as President of Germany.
The Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Spain is the head of the Government of Spain.
This is a list, in alphabetical order within categories, of notable hispanic people of Spanish heritage and descent born and raised in Spain, or of direct Spanish descent.
;State leaders: 1951–2000 – Current state leaders – State leaders by year This is a list of state leaders in the 21st century (2001–present) AD, such as the heads of state, heads of government, or the general secretaries of single-party states.
Loris Fortuna (January 22, 1924 – December 5, 1985) was an Italian left-wing politician, and former Member of Parliament since 1963.
Luis Montes Mieza (1949 – 19 April 2018), was a Spanish anesthetist and pro-euthanasia activist.
The 2011 Madrid City Council election, also the 2011 Madrid municipal election, was held on Sunday, 22 May 2011, to elect the 9th City Council of the municipality of Madrid.
The 2015 Madrilenian regional election was held on Sunday, 24 May 2015, to elect the 10th Assembly of the Community of Madrid.
Magdalena Álvarez Arza is a Spanish Politician, who from 2004 to 2009 served as Minister of Public Works (Fomento).
Manuel Chaves González (born 7 July 1945 in Ceuta) is a Spanish politician of the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE).
Manuel Monteiro de Castro (born 29 March 1938) is a Portuguese cardinal, He was the Major Penitentiary of the Apostolic Penitentiary from 5 January 2012 until his retirement on 21 September 2013.
Manuela Carmena Castrillo (born 9 February 1944) is a retired Spanish lawyer, emeritus judge of the Spanish Supreme Court and the current Mayor of Madrid since 13 June 2015.
María Amelia López Soliño (23 December 1911, Corcubión, A Coruña, Galicia, Spain – 20 May 2009, Pontevedra, Galicia, Spain) was the oldest-known woman blogger at the time of her death in 2009 aged 97.
María Antonia Trujillo Rincón (born 18 December 1960) is a Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) politician.
María González Veracruz (Murcia, July 11, 1979) is a Spanish politician.
María Teresa Fernández de la Vega Sanz, LLD (born 15 June 1949) is a Spanish Socialist politician.
Marbella is a city and municipality in southern Spain, belonging to the province of Málaga in the autonomous community of Andalusia.
Marginal employment (geringfügige Beschäftigung), also called a mini job or €450 job, is an employment relationship with a low absolute level of earnings or of short duration.
María Soraya Rodríguez Ramos is a Spanish lawyer and politician.
Mariano Fernández Bermejo (born 1948) is a Spanish jurist and politician, who served as justice minister of Spain from 2007 to 2009.
Mariano Rajoy Brey (born 27 March 1955) is a Spanish politician who served as Prime Minister of Spain from 2011 to 2018, when a vote of no confidence ousted his government.
Matilde Fernández (born 24 January 1950) is a Spanish social feminist and politician who served as minister of social affairs of Spain from 1988 to 1993.
Máximo Cajal López (February 17, 1935 – April 3, 2014) was a Spanish diplomat and ambassador López was born in Madrid.
The annual international forum MEDays, which takes place every year in Tangier under the high patronage of the King Mohammed VI, is the main event organized by the Amadeus Institute.
The Melilla border fence forms part of the Morocco–Spain border in the city of Melilla, one of two Spanish cities in north Africa.
The 9th Cortes Generales comprised both the lower (Congress) and upper (Senate) houses of the legislature of Spain following the 2008 general election on 9 March 2008.
Mercedes Cabrera Calvo-Sotelo, GCIH (born 3 December 1951 in Madrid) is a Spanish politician, political scientist, historian, and minister.
Mexican–Spanish relations refers to the bilateral relations between Mexico and Spain.
Verónica Michelle Bachelet Jeria (born 29 September 1951) is a Chilean politician who was the President of Chile twice, from 2006 to 2010 and from 2014 to 2018, the first woman in her country to occupy this position.
Miguel Ángel Fernández Ordóñez (born 3 April 1945) is a Spanish economist and politician, member of the Socialist Workers' Party and former Governor of the Bank of Spain.
Miguel Ángel Moratinos Cuyaubé (born 8 June 1951 in Madrid) is a Spanish diplomat and politician, a member of the Socialist Workers' Party and member of Congress, where he represents Córdoba.
Miguel Sebastián Gascón (Madrid, 13 May 1957) is a Spanish politician and economist.
The Military Emergencies Unit (Unidad Militar de Emergencias, UME) is a branch of the Spanish Armed Forces responsible for providing disaster relief throughout Spain mainly, and abroad if required.
The Ministry of Economy and Enterprise (Ministerio de Economía y Empresa) is the Ministry of Economic and Commercial affairs.
The Ministry of Housing (Ministerio de Vivienda) was a government ministry of Spain.
The Ministry of Justice (Ministerio de Justicia) is a department of the Government of Spain.
The Ministry of Labour, Migrations and Social Security is the ministerial department of the Government of Spain created on 2011 with competences to develop the government's policy in Employment, Social Security, Foreigners, Immigration and Emigration.
The Ministry of the Interior of Spain (Ministerio del Interior) which historically could be known as Ministerio de la Gobernación, Ministerio del Orden Público, Ministerio del Interior y la Gobernación or Ministerio del Interior y Justicia is the executive branch responsible for policing, national security, immigration matters, prisons and road traffic safety.
The Ministry of the Treasury (Ministerio de Hacienda y Función Pública) is the Ministry responsible for developing and executing the government's public finance policy and executing the government's policy about the relationships between the government and the functionaries.
Monarchy was the prevalent form of government in the history of Europe throughout the Middle Ages, only occasionally competing with communalism, notably in the case of the Maritime republics and the Swiss Confederacy.
The monarchy of Spain (Monarquía de España), constitutionally referred to as the Crown (La Corona), is a constitutional institution and historic office of Spain.
In recent times, Morocco–Spain relations have been friendly though intermittently discordant.
The Multi-National Force – Iraq (MNF–I), often referred to as the coalition forces, was a military command during the 2003 invasion of Iraq and much of the ensuing Iraq War, led by the United States of America (Operation Iraqi Freedom), United Kingdom (Operation TELIC), Australia, Spain and Poland, responsible for conducting and handling military operations.
The National Prayer Breakfast is a yearly event held in Washington, D.C., usually on the first Thursday in February.
Naturalization (or naturalisation) is the legal act or process by which a non-citizen in a country may acquire citizenship or nationality of that country.
The Navarrese People's Union (Unión del Pueblo Navarro), abbreviated to UPN, is a regional conservative political party in Navarre, Spain.
An official state car is a car used by a government to transport its head of state or head of government in an official capacity, which may also be used occasionally to transport other members of the government or visiting dignitaries from other countries.
In the run up to the 2004 Spanish general election, various organisations carried out opinion polling to gauge voting intention in Spain during the term of the 7th Cortes Generales.
In the run up to the 2008 Spanish general election, various organisations carried out opinion polling to gauge voting intention in Spain during the term of the 8th Cortes Generales.
The Order of the Cross of Terra Mariana (Maarjamaa Risti teenetemärk, sometimes translated as the Order of the Cross of St. Mary’s Land) was instituted by the President of Estonia, Lennart Meri, in 1995 to honour the independence of the Estonian state.
The Pact of Forgetting (Pacto del olvido) is the Spanish political decision (by both the leftist and rightist parties) to avoid dealing with the legacy of Francoism after the 1975 death of General Francisco Franco, who had remained in power since the Spanish Civil War in 1936–1939.
The Palestinian keffiyeh (Arabic: كوفية, koofiyyeh) is a chequered black and white scarf that is usually worn around the neck or head.
Prior to 1 May 2004 the European Union had fifteen members.
On the 1 May 2004 ten new member states joined the European Union.
This article describes the party affiliations of the leaders of each member-state represented in the European Council during the year 2005.
This article describes the party affiliations of the leaders of each member-state represented in the European Council during the year 2006.
This article describes the party affiliations of leaders of each member-state represented in the European Council during the year 2007.
This article describes the party affiliations of leaders of each member-state represented in the European Council during the year 2008.
This article describes the party affiliations of leaders of each member-state represented in the European Council during the year 2009.
This article describes the party affiliations of leaders of each member-state represented in the European Council during the year 2010.
This article describes the party affiliations of leaders of each member-state represented in the European Council during the year 2011.
The 2014 Party of European Socialists presidential primaries is the selection process by which the members of the Party of European Socialists (PES) and will choose the PES candidate for President of the European Commission ahead of the 2014 European elections.
Paul the Octopus (26 January 2008 – 26 October 2010) was a common octopus which was purportedly used to predict the results of association football matches.
Pedro José Ramírez Codina (born 26 March 1952 in Logroño, La Rioja, Spain), more often known as Pedro J. Ramírez, is a Spanish journalist.
Pedro Sánchez Pérez-Castejón (born 29 February 1972) is a Spanish economist and politician serving as Prime Minister of Spain since 2 June 2018.
Pedro Solbes Mira (born 31 August 1942 in Pinoso, Alicante) is a Spanish economist.
The People's Party (Partido Popular; known mostly by its acronym, PP) is a conservative and Christian democratic political party in Spain.
A personal name or full name is the set of names by which an individual is known and that can be recited as a word-group, with the understanding that, taken together, they all relate to that one individual.
Philip Noel Pettit (born 1945) is an Irish philosopher and political theorist.
The Philippines–Spain relations (Ugnayang Espanya at Pilipinas; Relaciones entre España y Filipinas) is a bilateral and multilateral relations between the Philippines and Spain.
Pilar Manjón is the president of the Asociación 11-M Afectados del Terrorismo (Association for the victims of 11-M).
The Plus Ultra Brigade, or Brigada Hispanoamericana, was a military contingent of mixed personnel from Spain (some 1,300 troops), the Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Honduras, and Nicaragua (about 1,200 troops between the four), which was commissioned to support coalition troops in the Iraq War.
Polònia (meaning "Poland" in the Catalan language) is a popular comedy TV show broadcast in Catalonia, Spain, by the regional public broadcasting TV3.
Policy Network is an international progressive think tank based in London.
The politics of Spain takes place under the framework established by the Constitution of 1978.
Portugal–Spain relations describes relations between the governments of the Portuguese Republic and the Kingdom of Spain.
A prank call (also known as a crank call, phony call or hoax call) is a telephone practical joke.
The premiership of Mariano Rajoy started in December 2011 and spanned until the 1st June 2018.
The presidency of the Council of the European Union is responsible for the functioning of the Council of the European Union, the upper house of the EU legislature.
The presidential transition of Benigno Aquino III began when Benigno Aquino III won the 2010 Philippine presidential election.
The Prime Minister of Spain, officially the President of the Government of Spain (Presidente del Gobierno de España), is the head of the government of Spain.
Primogeniture is the right, by law or custom, of the paternally acknowledged, firstborn son to inherit his parent's entire or main estate, in preference to daughters, elder illegitimate sons, younger sons and collateral relatives; in some cases the estate may instead be the inheritance of the firstborn child or occasionally the firstborn daughter.
Public housing is a form of housing tenure in which the property is owned by a government authority, which may be central or local.
The State of Qatar and the Kingdom of Spain formed diplomatic relations in December 1972.
The 2010 Copiapó mining accident occurred when the San Jose Mine near to Copiapó, Chile, collapsed, leaving 32 miners of Chilean nationality and one Bolivian miner trapped inside about 700 metres (over 2000 feet) below the surface.
The 7 July 2005 London bombings were a series of suicide attacks carried out by homegrown terrorists on London's public transport network during the morning rush hour.
Reactions to the 2008 Mumbai attacks were on the local, national and international levels.
On May 1, 2011, United States President Barack Obama confirmed that al-Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden had been killed in his compound in Abbottabad, northeastern Pakistan.
Rodolfo Eduardo Almirón Sena (February 17, 1936 – June 5, 2009) was a former Argentine police officer and a leader of an extreme right-wing death squad known as the Triple A, operating in Argentina from 1973 to 1976 against the left-wing of Peronistas and other political dissidents.
Rodolfo Chikilicuatre"Chiquilicuatre" means "busybody", "good-for-nothing" in Spanish.
Rodríguez is a Spanish patronymic (meaning Son of Rodrigo; archaic: Rodericksson) and a common surname in Spain, Latin America and the Philippines.
Rosa Aguilar Rivero (born 7 July 1957) is a Spanish politician who was the Minister of Rural and Marine Environment between 2010 and 2012.
María Rosario Valpuesta Fernández (1953–2013) was a Spanish academic.
The Rose in the Fist (Rosa nel Pugno, RnP) was a political alliance of parties in Italy.
Rulers of Nations, also known as Geo-Political-Simulator 2, is the second installment of the ''Geo-Political'' series.
Russia–Spain relations (Российско-испанские отношения, Rossiysko-ispanskiye otnosheniya; Relaciones bilaterales entre Rusia y España) refers to the bilateral foreign relations between the Russian Federation and the Kingdom of Spain (member-state of the European Union).
Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic–Spain relations refers to the current and historical relationship between the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (also known as Western Sahara) and Spain.
Sam Lesser (born Manassah Lesser or Manasseh Lesser and also known as Sam Russell; 19 March 1915 – 2 October 2010) was a British journalist and veteran of the Spanish Civil War's International Brigades.
Same-sex marriage (also known as gay marriage) is the marriage of a same-sex couple, entered into in a civil or religious ceremony.
Same-sex marriage has been legal in Spain since 3 July 2005.
The Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe was signed in Rome on 29 October 2004 by 53 senior political figures from the 25 member states of the European Union.
The signing of the Treaty of Lisbon took place in Lisbon, Portugal, on 13 December 2007.
Silvio Berlusconi (born 29 September 1936) is an Italian media tycoon and politician who has served as Prime Minister of Italy in four governments.
A snap election is an election called earlier than expected.
Social democracy is a political, social and economic ideology that supports economic and social interventions to promote social justice within the framework of a liberal democratic polity and capitalist economy.
Sociological Francoism (franquismo sociológico) is an expression used in which attests to the social characteristics typical of Francoism that survived in Spanish society after the death of Francisco Franco in 1975 and continue to the present day.
Sonsoles Espinosa Díaz (born 8 November 1961) is a Spanish classical singer and music teacher.
Spain (España), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), is a sovereign state mostly located on the Iberian Peninsula in Europe.
Spain participated in the Eurovision Song Contest 2008 with an entry selected through a MySpace project called Salvemos Eurovisión (Let's Save Eurovision).
Kosovo's declaration of independence from Serbia was enacted on Sunday, 17 February 2008 by a unanimous vote of the Assembly of Kosovo.
Spanish–Turkish relations are foreign relations between the Kingdom of Spain and the Republic of Turkey.
The groundwork for interstate relations between Spain and the United States of America was laid by the colonization of parts of the Americas by Spain.
The 2004 Spanish general election was held on Sunday, 14 March 2004, to elect the 8th Cortes Generales of the Kingdom of Spain.
The 2008 Spanish general election was held on Sunday, 9 March 2008, to elect the 9th Cortes Generales of the Kingdom of Spain.
The 2011 Spanish general election was held on Sunday, 20 November 2011, to elect the 10th Cortes Generales of the Kingdom of Spain.
The 2016 Spanish general election was held on Sunday, 26 June 2016, to elect the 12th Cortes Generales of the Kingdom of Spain.
The Spanish Legion (Legión Española, La Legión), informally known as the Tercio or the Tercios, is a unit of the Spanish Army and Spain's Rapid Reaction Force.
The 2003 Spanish local elections were held on Sunday, 25 May 2003, to elect all 65,510 councillors in the 8,108 municipalities of Spain and all 1,036 seats in 38 provincial deputations.
The 2007 Spanish local elections were held on Sunday, 27 May 2007, to elect all 66,131 councillors in the 8,111 municipalities of Spain and all 1,038 seats in 38 provincial deputations.
The 2011 Spanish local elections were held on Sunday, 22 May 2011, to elect all 68,230 councillors in the 8,116 municipalities of Spain and all 1,040 seats in 38 provincial deputations.
Spanish naming customs are historical traditions for naming children practised in Spain.
Spanish nationalism is the nationalism that asserts that the Spaniards are a nation, and promotes the cultural unity of the Spanish.
Spanish nationality law refers to all the laws of Spain concerning nationality.
The Spanish order of precedence is currently prescribed by Royal Decree 2099/1983.
The Spanish presidential transition is a rarely used term within Spanish politics due to the character of parliamentary monarchy that the country has.
The Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (Partido Socialista Obrero Español; PSOE) is a social-democraticThe PSOE is described as a social-democratic party by numerous sources.
The 2012 Spanish Socialist Workers' Party leadership election—formally the 2012 PSOE federal congress or the 38th Federal Congress—was held between 3 and 5 February 2012 to elect a new party leadership in the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE).
The 2014 Spanish Socialist Workers' Party leadership election—formally the 2014 PSOE federal congress or the 2014 PSOE Extraordinary Federal Congress—was held on 26 and 27 July 2014 to elect a new party leadership in the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE), with a preliminary primary election open to party members initially scheduled to be held on 13 July to elect a new Secretary General.
The 2017 Spanish Socialist Workers' Party leadership election—formally the 2017 PSOE federal congress or the 39th Federal Congress—was held between 16 and 18 June 2017 to elect a new party leadership in the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) and set out the party's main lines of action and strategy, after the sacking of Pedro Sánchez as party leader in October 2016 had resulted in a caretaker leadership being appointed in the interim.
Statements in response to the 11 July 2006 Mumbai train bombings came from heads of state, political leaders, and militant leaders from around the world.
A same-sex marriage is a marriage of a same-sex couple.
The Statute of Autonomy of Catalonia of 2006 (Estatut d’Autonomia de Catalunya) provides Catalonia's basic institutional regulations under the Spanish Constitution of 1978.
Stryker McGuire (born September 12, 1947) is a journalist working in London.
FC Barcelona is a professional association football club based in Barcelona, formed in 1899 by a group of Swiss, English and local players led by Joan Gamper.
A surname, family name, or last name is the portion of a personal name that indicates a person's family (or tribe or community, depending on the culture).
The symbols of Francoism were iconic references to identify the Francoist State in Spain between 1936 and 1975.
Teresa Ribera Rodríguez (born 19 May 1969), is a Spanish jurist, university professor and Spanish politician, current Minister for the Ecological Transition of Spain at the Sánchez government after the approval of the motion of no-confidence in the Rajoy's government.
The Fellowship, also known as The Family, and the International Foundation is a U.S.-based religious and political organization founded in 1935 by Abraham Vereide.
This is a timeline of Spanish history, comprising important legal and territorial changes and political events in Spain and its predecessor states.
The following is a timeline of major events during the Iraq War, following the 2003 invasion of Iraq.
The following is a timeline of the Presidency of Barack Obama from his inauguration as president of the United States on January 20, 2009, to December 31, 2009.
The Treaty of Accession 2011 is an agreement between the member states of the European Union and Croatia concerning Croatia's accession to the EU.
Trinidad Jiménez García-Herrera (born 4 June 1962) is a Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) politician and was Spain's Foreign Affairs Minister.
Turkey's 17th general election was held on 12 June 2011 to elect 550 new members of Grand National Assembly.
Union, Progress and Democracy (Unión Progreso y Democracia, UPyD) is a Spanish political party founded in September 2007.
The United Nations Fact Finding Mission on the Gaza Conflict, also known as the Goldstone Report, was a team established in April 2009 pursuant to Resolution A/HRC/RES/S-9/1 of the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) of 12 January 2009, following the Gaza War as an independent international fact-finding mission "to investigate all violations of international human rights law and international humanitarian law by the occupying Power, Israel, against the Palestinian people throughout the Occupied Palestinian Territory, particularly in the occupied Gaza Strip, due to the current aggression".
The 2011 Valencia City Council election, also the 2011 Valencia municipal election, was held on Sunday, 22 May 2011, to elect the 9th City Council of the municipality of Valencia.
The 2015 Valencia City Council election, also the 2015 Valencia municipal election, was held on Sunday, 24 May 2015, to elect the 10th City Council of the municipality of Valencia.
Tomás Valeriano Gómez Sánchez (born 15 December 1957), is a Spanish socialist politician and economist.
Valladolid is a city in Spain and the de facto capital of the autonomous community of Castile and León.
The Valle de los Caídos ("Valley of the Fallen") is a Catholic basilica and a monumental memorial in the municipality of San Lorenzo de El Escorial, erected at Cuelgamuros Valley in the Sierra de Guadarrama, near Madrid, conceived by Spanish dictator Francisco Franco to honour and bury those who died in the Spanish Civil War.
Víctor Morlán Gracia (born 9 May 1947) is a Spanish politician.
Presidential elections were held in Venezuela on 20 May 2018, with incumbent Nicolás Maduro being re-elected for a second six-year term.
Victoriano Crémer (18 December 1906 – 27 June 2009) was a Spanish poet, journalist and "official chronicler of the city of León, Spain." The Latin American Herald Tribune described Cremer as Spain's "longest lived poet" in 2009.
The massacre of 3 March 1976 in Vitoria is the massacre that took place on March 3, 1976, in the Basque capital during the so-called Spanish Transition: in a day of strike, the Spanish armed police used tear gas to force the workers out of the parish where they were gathering in assembly.
Viva Zapatero! is a 2005 documentary by Sabina Guzzanti telling her side of the story regarding the conflict with Silvio Berlusconi over a late-night TV political satire show broadcast on RAI-3.
Viva, vive, and vivat are interjections used in the Romance languages.
The Workers' Commissions (Comisiones Obreras, CCOO) since the 1970s has become the largest trade union in Spain.
The World Government Summit is an annual event held in Dubai,UAE.
Yaroslavl (p) is a city and the administrative center of Yaroslavl Oblast, Russia, located northeast of Moscow.
José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero (born 1960) is a former Prime Minister of Spain.
Zapatero is a Spanish-language occupational surname literally meaning "shoemaker".
José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero formed the Zapatero government on 18 April 2004 after being nominated by King Juan Carlos I to form a government as a result of the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party's victory at the 2004 general election.
Zero is an LGBT themed national magazine that was published in Spain.
ZP may refer to: People.
It is also known as the "Year of Africa" because of major events—particularly the independence of seventeen African nations—that focused global attention on the continent and intensified feelings of Pan-Africanism.
The first summit meeting between the European Union (EU) and Brazil took place in Lisbon on 4 July 2007.
The 2000s was a decade of the Gregorian calendar that began on January 1, 2000, and ended on December 31, 2009.
This is a list of notable events in the history of LGBT rights that took place in the year 2004.
Years in politics: 2002-2003-2004-2005-2006 - list of years in politics.
The following lists events that happened during 2004 in Spain.
The 2004 Madrid train bombings (also known in Spain as 11-M) were nearly simultaneous, coordinated bombings against the Cercanías commuter train system of Madrid, Spain, on the morning of 11 March 2004 – three days before Spain's general elections.
Events in the year 2005 in Spain.
The 2005 Moscow Victory Day Parade was a military parade which took place in Red Square in Moscow on 9 May 2005 to celebrate the 60th anniversary of the capitulation of Nazi Germany in 1945.
On 2006-11-16, France, Italy and Spain announced a new Middle East peace plan proposed by Spanish Premier José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero during talks with French president Jacques Chirac.
Events in the year 2006 in Spain.
The 2006 Madrid–Barajas Airport bombing occurred on 30 December 2006 when a van bomb exploded in the Terminal 4 parking area at the Madrid–Barajas Airport in Spain, killing two and injuring 52.
Events in the year 2007 in Spain.
The 2007 Morocco–Spain diplomatic conflict was a short lived disturbance of international relations between Morocco and Spain that arose after the announcement of the impending visit of the King of Spain to the Spanish-ruled autonomous cities Ceuta and Melilla, which are claimed by Morocco.
The 2008 G20 Washington Summit on Financial Markets and the World Economy took place on November 14–15, 2008, in Washington, D.C., United States.
The 2008 Getxo bombing occurred on 19 May 2008, when a van bomb went off outside a boat club in the town of Getxo, Biscay in the Basque Country, Spain.
These are some of the notable events relating to politics in 2008.
The following lists events that happened during 2008 in the Kingdom of Spain.
The 2008–present Spanish financial crisis, also known as the Great Recession in Spain or the Great Spanish Depression, began in 2008 during the world financial crisis of 2007–08.
The 2009 G20 London Summit was the second meeting of the G20 heads of government/heads of state, which was held in London on 2 April 2009 at the ExCeL Exhibition Centre to discuss financial markets and the world economy.
The 2009 G20 Pittsburgh Summit was the third meeting of the G20 heads of state/heads of government to discuss financial markets and the world economy.
Events in the year 2009 in Spain.
The 2009 Palma Nova bombing occurred on July 30, 2009, when a limpet bomb went off outside a Civil Guard barracks in the town of Palma Nova, Majorca, Spain.
The 2009 Strasbourg–Kehl Summit was a NATO summit of heads of state and heads of government held in Strasbourg, France, and in Kehl and Baden-Baden, Germany, on 3–4 April 2009.
The Bilderberg Conference 2010 took place at June 3–6, 2010, and were held in Sitges, Spain at Hotel Dolce.
The 2010 Catalan autonomy protest was a demonstration in central Barcelona on 10 July 2010 against limitations of the autonomy of Catalonia, and particularly against a recent decision of the Spanish Constitutional Court to annul or reinterpret several articles of the 2006 Statute of Autonomy of Catalonia.
The 2010 Copiapó mining accident, also known then as the "Chilean mining accident", began on Thursday, 5 August 2010 with a cave-in at the San José copper–gold mine, located in the Atacama Desert north of the regional capital of Copiapó, in northern Chile.
The 2010 Ecuador crisis took place on 30 September 2010, when elements of the National Police blockaded highways, occupied the National Parliament, blocked the Mariscal Sucre International Airport in Quito and the José Joaquín de Olmedo International Airport in Guayaquil, and took over TV Ecuador's station, in what they claimed was a strike to oppose a government-sponsored law that supposedly reduced their benefits.
The 2010 G20 Seoul Summit was the fifth meeting of the G20 heads of government/heads of state, to discuss the global financial system and the world economy,Cho Jin-seo.
The 2010 G20 Toronto summit was the fourth meeting of the G20 heads of state/government, to discuss the global financial system and the world economy, which took place at the Metro Toronto Convention Centre in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, during June 26–27, 2010.
Events in the year 2010 in Spain.
The 2010 Lisbon summit was a meeting of the heads of state and heads of government of NATO held in Lisbon, Portugal, on 19 and 20 November 2010.
The Reform of Labor Laws in Spain was approved by the Congress of Deputies on September 9, 2010.
The 2011 G20 Cannes Summit was the sixth meeting of the G20 heads of government/heads of state in a series of on-going discussions about financial markets and the world economy.
Events of 2011 in Spain.
On January 8, 2011, U.S. Representative Gabrielle Giffords and eighteen others were shot during a constituent meeting held in a supermarket parking lot in Casas Adobes, Arizona, in the Tucson metropolitan area.
The 2016 PSOE crisis was a political conflict within the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE), starting on 26 September 2016.
The 2017–18 Spanish constitutional crisis, also known as the Catalan crisis, is an ongoing political conflict between the Government of Spain and the Generalitat de Catalunya under former President Carles Puigdemont—the government of the autonomous community of Catalonia until 28 October 2017—over the issue of Catalan independence. It started after the law intending to allow the 2017 Catalan independence referendum was denounced by the Spanish government under Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy and subsequently suspended by the Constitutional Court until it ruled on the issue. Some international media outlets have described the events as "one of the worst political crises in modern Spanish history". Puigdemont's government announced that neither central Spanish authorities nor the courts would halt their plans and that it intended to hold the vote anyway, sparking a legal backlash that quickly spread from the Spanish and Catalan governments to Catalan municipalities—as local mayors were urged by the Generalitat to provide logistical support and help for the electoral process to be carried out—as well as to the Constitutional Court, the High Court of Justice of Catalonia and state prosecutors. By 15 September, as pro-Catalan independence parties began their referendum campaigns, the Spanish government had launched an all-out legal offensive to thwart the upcoming vote, including threats of a financial takeover of much of the Catalan budget, police seizing pro-referendum posters, pamphlets and leaflets which had been regarded as illegal and criminal investigations ordered on the over 700 local mayors who had publicly agreed to help stage the referendum. Tensions between the two sides reached a critical point after Spanish police raided the Catalan government headquarters in Barcelona on 20 September, at the start of Operation Anubis, and arrested fourteen senior Catalan officials. This led to protests outside the Catalan economy department which saw Civil Guard officers trapped inside the building for hours and several vehicles vandalized. The referendum was eventually held, albeit without meeting minimum standards for elections and amid low turnout and police crackdown resulting in hundreds injured. On 10 October, Puigdemont ambiguously declared and suspended independence during a speech in the Parliament of Catalonia, arguing his move was directed at entering talks with Spain. The Spanish government required Puigdemont to clarify whether he had declared independence or not, to which it received no clear answer. A further requirement was met with an implicit threat from the Generalitat that it would lift the suspension on the independence declaration if Spain "continued its repression", in response to the imprisonment of the leaders of pro-independence Catalan National Assembly (ANC) and Òmnium Cultural, accused of sedition by the National Court because of their involvement in the 20 September events. On 21 October, it was announced by Prime Minister Rajoy that Article 155 of the Spanish Constitution would be invoked, leading to direct rule over Catalonia by the Spanish government once approved by the Senate. On 27 October, the Catalan parliament voted in a secret ballot to unilaterally declare independence from Spain, with some deputies boycotting a vote considered illegal for violating the decisions of the Constitutional Court of Spain, as the lawyers of the Parliament of Catalonia warned. As a result, the government of Spain invoked the Constitution to remove the regional authorities and enforce direct rule the next day, with a regional election being subsequently called for 21 December 2017 to elect a new Parliament of Catalonia. Puigdemont and part of his cabinet fled to Belgium after being ousted, as the Spanish Attorney General pressed for charges of sedition, rebellion and embezzlement against them.
The 35th G8 summit was held in L'Aquila, Abruzzo, Italy, on July 8–10, 2009.
The 2000 PSOE 35th Federal Congress was held from 21 July to 23 July 2000, after the party defeat in the 2000 general elections and the subsequent resignation of then Secretary General Joaquín Almunia.
The 2004 PSOE 36th Federal Congress was held from 2 July to 4 July 2004, after the party's victory in the 2004 general elections.
The 2008 PSOE 37th Federal Congress was held between 4 and 6 July 2008.
Domestic policy of Jose Luis Rodriguez Zapatero, Domestic policy of José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero, Foreign policy of Jose Luis Rodriguez Zapatero, Foreign policy of José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero, JLRZ, Jose Luis Rodri guez Zapatero, Jose Luis Rodriguez Zapatero, Jose Luis Rodriguez Zapatero and the 2004 General Election, Jose Luis Rodriguez Zapatero and the 2004 general election, Jose Luis Rodriguez Zapatero and the Local and Regional Elections of 2003, Jose Luis Rodriguez Zapatero's years as an opposition leader, Jose Luis Rodríguez Zapatero, Jose Luis Zapatero, Jose Luiz Rodriguez Zapatero, Jose Rodriguez Zapatero, Jose Zapatero, José Luis Rodriguez Zapatero, José Luis Rodrí guez Zapatero, José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero and the 2004 General Election, José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero and the 2004 general election, José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero and the Local and Regional Elections of 2003, José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero's years as an opposition leader, José Luis Zapatero, José Luiz Rodríguez Zapatero, José Luís Rodríguez Zapatero, José Zapatero, Rodriguez Zapatero, Rodríguez Zapatero, The early years of Jose Luis Rodriguez Zapatero (1960-2000), The early years of José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero (1960-2000), Zapatero, Zapatero administration, Zapatero and the 2004 General Election, Zapatero and the Local and Regional Elections of 2003, Zapatero's domestic policy, Zapatero's early years (1960-2000), Zapatero's foreign policy, Zapatero's years as an opposition leader.