154 relations: Andres Larka, Antanas Smetona, Anton Lembit Soans, Ants Piip, Antsla, April 1938, Artur Sirk, Background of the occupation of the Baltic states, Baltic states, Battle of Narva (1944), Butyrka prison, Christian People's Party (Estonia), Constitution of Estonia, Constitutional crisis, Corporate chambers (Estonia), Corporatism, Cross of Liberty (Estonia), Deposition (politics), Eastern Orthodoxy in Estonia, Eduard Ole, Era of Silence, Erast Hiatsintov, Ernő Koch, Estonia, Estonia in World War II, Estonia–Finland relations, Estonia–Russia relations, Estonian anti-German resistance movement 1941–44, Estonian Constituent Assembly election, 1919, Estonian government-in-exile, Estonian parliamentary election, 1920, Estonian parliamentary election, 1923, Estonian parliamentary election, 1932, Estonian Provisional Government, Estonian Radical Democratic Party, Estonian religious education referendum, 1923, Estonian Salvation Committee, Estonian Socialist Workers' Party, Estonian Soviet Socialist Republic, Estonian War of Independence, Estonization, European theatre of World War II, Farmers' Assemblies, February 23, Foreign relations of Luxembourg, Fraternitas Estica, Friedrich Akel, German occupation of Estonia during World War I, Head of State of Estonia, Henry W. Antheil Jr., ..., History of Estonia, History of Estonia (1920–39), History of the Jews in Estonia, Hugo Treffner Gymnasium, Jaan Tõnisson, Jaan Teemant, January 18, January 1934, January 1956, Jõhvi, Jüri Uluots, Jüri Vilms, Johan Laidoner, Johannes Vares, Juhan Kukk, Kaarel Eenpalu, Kadriorg Palace, Kaleva (airplane), Karl Tarvas, Konstantin, Landlords' Party, Left-wing Workers, Lennart Meri, Liberalism and centrism in Estonia, List of ambassadors of Estonia to the United States, List of Commanders of the Grand Cross of the Order of the White Rose of Finland, List of coups d'état and coup attempts, List of coups d'état and coup attempts by country, List of Estonians, List of Head of State and Government deposed by foreign power in the 20th and 21st century, List of heads of government of Estonia, List of heads of regimes who were later imprisoned, List of members of the Riigikogu, 1920–23, List of museums in Estonia, List of people on the postage stamps of Estonia, List of political families, List of rose cultivars named after people, List of rulers of Estonia, List of state leaders in 1918, List of state leaders in 1919, List of state leaders in 1921, List of state leaders in 1922, List of state leaders in 1923, List of state leaders in 1924, List of state leaders in 1931, List of state leaders in 1932, List of state leaders in 1933, List of state leaders in 1934, List of state leaders in 1935, List of state leaders in 1936, List of state leaders in 1937, List of state leaders in 1938, List of state leaders in 1939, List of state leaders in 1940, List of state leaders in the 20th century (1901–1950), List of Tartu University people, Magnus Ilmjärv, March 12, March 1934, Mihkel Klaassen, Minister of Defence (Estonia), Ministry of Defence (Estonia), National Centre Party (Estonia), National Front for the Implementation of the Constitution, Occupation of the Baltic states, October 1933, Olev Siinmaa, Order of the National Coat of Arms, Order of the White Eagle (Poland), Oru Palace, Otto Strandman, Patriotic League (Estonia), PATS, Pärnu, Politics of Estonia, President of Estonia, President-Regent, Prime Minister of Estonia, Protection of Natural Amenities Medal, Psikhushka, Right-wing dictatorship, Riigikogu, Self-coup, Soviet deportations from Estonia, Spouse of the President of Estonia, Tahkuranna, Tallinn Botanic Garden, Teataja, Timeline of Estonian history, Timeline of the occupation of the Baltic states, Timeline of World War II (1940), Toila, Tuulepealne maa, Union of Settlers and Smallholders, Vaps Movement, Voldemar Lender, 100 great Estonians of the 20th century, 1874, 1934, 1934 Latvian coup d'état, 1938, 1938 in Poland, 1940 Soviet ultimatum to Lithuania, 1956. Expand index (104 more) » « Shrink index
ạ Andres Larka VR I/1 (5 March 1879 Pilistvere, Kabala Parish (now in Kõo Parish, Viljandi County) Estonia – 8 January 1943 Malmyzh, Kirov, Soviet Union) was an Estonian military commander during the Estonian War of Independence and a politician.
Antanas Smetona (10 August 1874 – 9 January 1944) was one of the most important Lithuanian political figures between World War I and World War II.
Anton Lembit Soans (September 17, 1885 Oranienbaum, Russia – November 26, 1966 Tallinn, Estonia) was an Estonian architect, urban planner and lecturer.
Ants Piip VR III/1 (in Tuhalaane – 1 October 1942 in Nyrobsky camp) was an Estonian lawyer, diplomat and politician.
Antsla is a town in Võru County, southern Estonia, it is the administrative centre of Antsla Parish.
The following events occurred in April 1938.
Artur Sirk (25 September 1900 in Pruuna, Lehtse Parish, Governorate of Estonia, Russian Empire – 2 August 1937 in Echternach, Luxembourg) was an Estonian political and military figure.
The background of the occupation of the Baltic states covers the period before the first Soviet occupation on 14 June 1940, stretching from independence in 1918 to the Soviet ultimatums in 1939–1940.
The Baltic states, also known as the Baltic countries, Baltic republics, Baltic nations or simply the Baltics (Balti riigid, Baltimaad, Baltijas valstis, Baltijos valstybės), is a geopolitical term used for grouping the three sovereign countries in Northern Europe on the eastern coast of the Baltic Sea: Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania.
The Battle of Narva was a military campaign between the German Army Detachment "Narwa" and the Soviet Leningrad Front fought for possession of the strategically important Narva Isthmus on 2 February – 10 August 1944 during World War II.
Butyrka prison (Бутырка, a colloquial term for the official Бутырская тюрьма, Butyrskaya tyurma) is a prison in the Tverskoy District of central Moscow, Russia.
The Christian People's Party (Kristlik Rahvaerakond, KRE) was a political party in Estonia between 1919 and 1931.
The Constitution of Estonia is the fundamental law of the Republic of Estonia and establishes the state order as that of a democratic republic where the supreme power is vested in its citizens.
In political science, a constitutional crisis is a problem or conflict in the function of a government that the political constitution or other fundamental governing law is perceived to be unable to resolve.
Corporate chambers (kutsekojad, singular kutsekoda, lit. vocational chamber) were a series of corporate institutions in Estonia during the interwar period.
Corporatism is the organization of a society by corporate groups and agricultural, labour, military or scientific syndicates and guilds on the basis of their common interests.
The Cross of Liberty was a medal established by then Prime Minister of Estonia, Konstantin Päts, on 24 February 1919 to honor people for their services during the Estonian War of Independence and conferred in three grades, each in three classes.
Deposition by political means concerns the removal of a politician or monarch.
Eastern Orthodoxy in Estonia is practiced by 12.8% of the population, making it the second most identified religion in this majority-secular state after Lutheran Christianity with 13.6%.
Eduard Ole (20 May 1898 – 24 November 1995) was an Estonian painter.
The Era of Silence (vaikiv ajastu) was the period between 1934 and 1938 or 1940 in Estonian history.
Erast Georgievich Hiatsintov (Russian: Эраст Георгиевич Гиацинтов; 10 November 1858 – 7 April 1910) was a Russian-Estonian politician who was the mayor of Reval (now Tallinn) in from February 1905 to December of that year, notably becoming the first person of Russian descent to become the mayor of Reval.
Ernő Koch (8 August 1898, Szászváros, Austria-Hungary (now Orăștie, Romania) – 31 March 1970, St. Louis, United States) was a Hungarian graphic artist.
Estonia (Eesti), officially the Republic of Estonia (Eesti Vabariik), is a sovereign state in Northern Europe.
Before the outbreak of the Second World War, Germany and the Soviet Union signed the German-Soviet Nonaggression Pact, concerning the partition and disposition of sovereign states, including Estonia, and in particular its Secret Additional Protocol of August 1939.
Finland-Estonia relations are foreign relations between Finland and Estonia.
Estonia–Russia relations (Российско-эстонские отношения, Eesti-Vene suhted) refers to bilateral foreign relations between Estonia and Russia.
The Estonian resistance movement (Estonian Eesti vastupanuliikumine) was an underground movement to resist the occupation of Estonia by Nazi Germany, 1941–1944 during World War II.
The Estonian Constituent Assembly (Asutav kogu) was elected on 5–7 April 1919, called by the Estonian Provisional Government during the Estonian War of Independence.
The Estonian government-in-exile refers to the formally declared governmental authority of the Republic of Estonia in exile, existing from 1944 until the reestablishment of Estonian sovereignty over Estonian territory in 1991–92.
Parliamentary elections were held in Estonia between 27 and 29 November 1920, the first held under the 1920 constitution.
Parliamentary elections were held in Estonia between 5 and 7 May 1923.
Parliamentary elections were held in Estonia between 21 and 23 May 1932.
The Estonian Provisional Government (Eesti Ajutine Valitsus) was formed on February 24, 1918, by the Salvation Committee appointed by Maapäev, the Estonian Province Assembly.
The Estonian Radical Democratic Party (ERDE) was a political party in Estonia.
A referendum on restoring voluntary religious education to state schools was held in Estonia between 17 and 19 February 1923.
The Estonian Salvation Committee (Eestimaa Päästekomitee, or Päästekomitee) was the executive body of the Estonian Provincial Assembly that issued the Estonian Declaration of Independence.
The Estonian Socialist Workers' Party (Eesti Sotsialistlik Tööliste Partei, ESTP) was a political party in Estonia.
The Estonian Soviet Socialist Republic (Estonian SSR or ESSR; Eesti Nõukogude Sotsialistlik Vabariik ENSV; Эстонская Советская Социалистическая Республика ЭССР, Estonskaya Sovetskaya Sotsialisticheskaya Respublika ESSR), also known as Soviet Estonia or Estonia was an unrecognized republic of the Soviet Union, administered by a subordinate of the Government of the Soviet Union.
The Estonian War of Independence (Vabadussõda, literally "Freedom War"), also known as the Estonian Liberation War, was a defensive campaign of the Estonian Army and its allies, most notably the White Russian Northwestern Army, Latvia, and the United Kingdom, against the Soviet Western Front offensive and the aggression of the Baltische Landeswehr.
Estonianization is the changing of one's personal names from other languages into Estonian, or the development of Estonian language, culture and identity within educational and other state institutions through various programs.
The European theatre of World War II, also known as the Second European War, was a huge area of heavy fighting across Europe, from Germany's and the Soviet Union's joint invasion of Poland in September 1939 until the end of the war with the Soviet Union conquering most of Eastern Europe along with the German unconditional surrender on 8 May 1945 (Victory in Europe Day).
The Farmers' Assemblies (Põllumeeste Kogud) was a conservative political party in Estonia.
Grand Duchy of Luxembourg has long been a prominent supporter of European political and economic integration.
Fraternitas Estica is an all-male academic corporation at the University of Tartu, Estonia.
Friedrich Karl Akel (in Kaubi Manor, Kaubi Parish (now in Pornuse village, Halliste Parish) – 3 July 1941 in Tallinn) was an Estonian diplomat and politician, a member of the International Olympic Committee., and Head of State of Estonia in 1924.
The occupation of Estonia by the German Empire occurred during the later stages of the First World War.
The Head of State of Estonia or State Elder (Riigivanem) (a literal translation: Elder of State) was the official title of the Estonian head of state from 1920 to 1937.
Henry William Antheil Jr. (September 23, 1912 – June 14, 1940) was an American diplomat killed in the shootdown of the Kaleva airplane at the wake of the Soviet occupation of the Baltic States.
The history of Estonia forms a part of the history of Europe.
The history of Estonia from 1920 to 1939 spanned the interwar period from the end of the Estonian War of Independence until the outbreak of World War II, and covers the years of parliamentary democracy, the Great Depression, and the period of authoritarian rule.
The history of the Jews in Estonia starts with individual reports of Jews in what is now Estonia from as early as the 14th century.
Hugo Treffner Gymnasium (Hugo Treffneri Gümnaasium; abbreviated as HTG) is a secondary school in Tartu, Estonia with special emphasis on science education.
Jaan Tõnisson (near Tänassilma – 1941?, in Tallinn?) was an Estonian statesman, serving as the Prime Minister of Estonia twice during 1919 to 1920, as State Elder (head of state and government) from 1927 to 1928 and in 1933, and as Foreign Minister of Estonia from 1931 to 1932.
Jaan Teemant (in Illuste (now Paatsalu), Vigala Parish, Kreis Wiek (in present-day Pärnu County) – unknown) was an Estonian lawyer and politician.
The following events occurred in January 1934.
The following events occurred in January 1956.
Jõhvi (Jewe) is a town in north-eastern Estonia, and the capital of Ida-Viru County.
Jüri Uluots (13 January 1890 – 9 January 1945) was an Estonian prime minister, journalist, prominent attorney and distinguished Professor and Dean of the Faculty of Law at the University of Tartu.
Jüri Vilms (Arkma, now in Türi Parish, Järva County, Estonia – May 2, 1918, Hauho near Hämeenlinna, Finland, unconfirmed info) was a member of the Estonian Salvation Committee and the first Deputy Prime Minister of the Republic of Estonia.
Johan Laidoner (12 February 1884 – 13 March 1953) was an Estonian general and statesman.
Johannes Vares (– 29 November 1946), commonly known as Johannes Vares Barbarus, was an Estonian poet, medical doctor, and politician.
Juhan (Johann) Kukk VR III/1 (in Käru, Salla Parish (now in Rakke Parish), Viru County, Estonia – 4 December 1942 in Kargopol, Arkhangelsk Oblast, Soviet Union) was an Estonian politician.
Kaarel Eenpalu (until 1935 named Karl August Einbund) (in Paju talu, Vesneri Parish, Tartu County, Estonia, Russian Empire – 27/28 January 1942, Kirov Oblast, Russia, USSR) was an Estonian journalist, politician and head of state.
Kadriorg Palace (Kadrioru loss, Schloss Katharinental) is a Petrine Baroque palace built for Catherine I of Russia by Peter the Great in Tallinn, Estonia.
Kaleva was a civilian Junkers Ju 52 passenger and transport plane, belonging to the Finnish carrier Aero O/Y.
Karl Tarvas (until 1940 Karl Treumann; 19 April 1885 in Tallinn – 26 December 1975 in Tallinn) was an Estonian architect.
The first name Konstantin is a derivation from the Latin name Constantinus (Constantine) in some European languages, such as Russian and German.
The Landlords' Party (Üleriiklik Majaomanike Seltside Liit, lit. National Landlords' Societies Union), also known as the House Owners' Party, was a political party in Estonia.
The Left-wing Workers (Pahempoolsed töölised ja kehvikud) was a political party in Estonia.
Lennart Georg Meri (29 March 1929 – 14 March 2006) was an Estonian statesman, writer, and film director.
This article gives an overview of liberalism and centrism in Estonia.
The Estonian ambassador in Washington, D. C. is the official representative of the Government in Tallinn to the Government of the United States.
This is a list of Commanders of the Grand Cross of the Order of the White Rose of Finland.
This is a chronological list of coups d'état and coup attempts, from ancient times to the present.
This is a list by country of coups d'état and coup attempts, in chronological order.
This is a list of notable Estonians.
This is a list of heads of state and governments deposed by a foreign power.
This is a list of people, who have been heads of government of the Republic of Estonia from 1918, either as a Chairman of the Council of Elders (1918), Prime Minister (1918-1920; 1934-1940 and from 1990), State Elder (1920–1934) or President-Regent (1937–1938).
This is a list of heads of regimes who were later imprisoned.
This is a list of members of the first legislature of the Estonian Parliament (Riigikogu) following the 1920 elections (held on 27–29 November 1920).
This is a list of museums in Estonia.
This is a list of people on postage stamps of Estonia.
This is a partial listing of prominent political families.
Among the individuals or fictional characters who have had rose cultivars named after them are the following.
The following list of rulers of Estonia indicates the rules throughout that nation's history.
;State leaders in the 19th century – State leaders: 1951–2000 – State leaders by year This is a list of state leaders in the 20th century (1901–1950) AD, such as the heads of state, heads of government, and the general secretaries of single-party states.
This is a list of people associated with the University of Tartu at Tartu, Estonia.
Magnus Ilmjärv (born 31 August 1961 in Viljandi) is an Estonian historian.
The following events occurred in March 1934.
Mihkel Klaassen (24 February 1880 – 7 March 1952) was a justice of the Supreme Court of Estonia since 1924.
The Minister of Defence (Estonian: Kaitseminister) is the senior minister at the Ministry of Defence (Kaitseministeerium) in the Estonian Government.
The Ministry of Defence of the Republic of Estonia (Eesti Vabariigi Kaitseministeerium) and its head, the Minister of Defence, are responsible for organizing national defence.The mission of the Ministry of Defence is to deter attacks against Estonia and ensure that the country is capable of defending itself against external threats.
The National Centre Party (Rahvuslik Keskerakond, RKE) was a political party in Estonia.
The National Front for the Implementation of the Constitution (Põhiseaduse Elluviimise Rahvarinne, PER) was a political movement in Estonia.
The occupation of the Baltic states involved the military occupation of the three Baltic states—Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania—by the Soviet Union under the auspices of the 1939 Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact in June 1940 followed by their incorporation into the USSR as constituent republics in August 1940 - most Western powers never recognised this incorporation.
The following events occurred in October 1933.
Olev Siinmaa (November 12, 1881 – March 29, 1948), was an Estonian architect who is perhaps best recalled for his work in the style coined "Pärnu Resort Functionalism".
The Order of the National Coat of Arms (Riigivapi teenetemärk, Ordre du Blason National) was instituted by Konstantin Päts on 7 October 1936 to commemorate 24 February 1918, the day on which Estonian independence was declared.
The Order of the White Eagle (Order Orła Białego) is Poland's highest order awarded to both civilians and the military for their merits.
Oru Palace (Oru loss) was a palace in the northeastern part of Toila in the Viru valley of Jõhvi Parish in Ida-Viru County, Estonia.
Otto August Strandman (– 5 February 1941) was an Estonian politician, who served as Prime Minister (1919) and State Elder of Estonia (1929–1931).
The Patriotic League (Isamaaliit) was a political movement in Estonia, and the only legally permitted party in the country between 1935 and 1940.
Pats, Päts or PATS can mean.
Pärnu (Pernau) is the fourth-largest city in Estonia.
Politics in Estonia takes place in a framework of a parliamentary representative democratic republic, whereby the Prime Minister of Estonia is the head of government, and of a multi-party system.
The President of the Republic of Estonia (Eesti Vabariigi President) is the head of state of the Republic of Estonia.
Riigihoidja (officially translated as President-Regent) was the name of the office of the head of state and head of government of Estonia from 3 September 1937 to 24 April 1938.
The Prime Minister of Estonia (Estonian: Eesti Vabariigi peaminister, literally translated as Head Minister of Estonia) is the head of government of the Republic of Estonia.
The Protection of Natural Amenities Medal (Looduskaitsemärk) was an Estonian award conferred to the trustees of Protection of Natural Amenities and other persons who are distinguished in the work of nature protection.
Psikhushka (психу́шка) is a Russian ironic diminutive for psychiatric hospital.
A right-wing dictatorship (sometimes also referred to as a rightist dictatorship) is an authoritarian (or sometimes totalitarian) regime whose policy could be called right-wing.
The Riigikogu (from riigi-, of the state, and kogu, assembly) is the unicameral parliament of Estonia.
A self-coup (or autocoup, from the Spanish autogolpe) is a form of putsch or coup d'état in which a nation's leader, despite having come to power through legal means, dissolves or renders powerless the national legislature and unlawfully assumes extraordinary powers not granted under normal circumstances.
Soviet deportations from Estonia were a series of mass deportations by the Soviet Union from Estonia in 1941 and 1945–1951.
The First Lady of Estonia or First Gentleman of Estonia is the unofficial title given to the wife or husband of the President of Estonia.
Tahkuranna is a village in Häädemeeste Parish, Pärnu County in southwestern Estonia.
Tallinn Botanic Garden (Tallinna Botaanikaaed), is a botanical garden in Tallinn, Estonia.
Teataja was a newspaper published in Estonia, founded in 1901 by Konstantin Päts.
This is a timeline of Estonian history, comprising important legal and territorial changes and political events in Estonia and its predecessor states.
Timeline of the occupation of the Baltic States lists key events in the military occupation of the Baltic states of Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania by the Soviet Union and by Nazi Germany during World War II.
This is a timeline of events that stretched over the period of World War II.
Toila is a small borough (alevik) in Ida-Viru County, in northeastern Estonia.
Tuulepealne maa (lit. "Windward Land") is a twelve-part Estonian television mini-series about the pre-World War II history of Estonia, its birth as a country, the Estonian War of Independence, post-war life throughout 1920 up to 1941 and World War II.
The Union of Settlers and Smallholders (Asunikkude ning väikemaapidajate Koondis, AVK) was a political party in Estonia.
Vaps Movement, (Eesti Vabadussõjalaste Keskliit, later Eesti Vabadussõjalaste Liit, vabadussõjalased, or colloquially vapsid, a single member of this movement was called vaps) the Union of Participants in the Estonian War of Independence was founded as an Estonian association of veterans of the Estonian War of Independence (1918–1920).
Voldemar Lender (Tallinn, Estonia – 30 September 1939, Tallinn) was an Estonian engineer who was the mayor of Tallinn (or Reval at that time) from 1906 to 1913, notably being the first ethnic Estonian to become the mayor of Tallinn.
100 great Estonians of the 20th century is a list of notable Estonians compiled in 1999 by Eesti Entsüklopeediakirjastus, Eesti Päevaleht, National Library of Estonia, Radio Kuku, and TV3.
The 1934 Latvian coup d'état, known in Latvia as the May 15 Coup or Ulmanis' Coup, was a self-coup by the veteran Prime Minister Kārlis Ulmanis against the parliamentary system in Latvia.
On May 15, 1936, president of Poland Ignacy Mościcki designed the government under prime minister Felicjan Sławoj Składkowski.
The Soviet Union issued an ultimatum to Lithuania before midnight of June 14, 1940.