302 relations: Acute accent, Africa, Africa Alphabet, Africa–Canada relations, African, African Australians, African D, African diaspora in the Americas, African immigrants to Sweden, African immigration to the United States, African New Zealanders, African reference alphabet, African Storybook, African studies, African Studies Center, Michigan State University, African Union, African Writers Conference, Africanization, Africans in Guangzhou, Africans in Hong Kong, Africans in Malaysia, Afrihili, Afrikaans Wikipedia, Afro-Caribbean, Afro-Colombians, Afro-Germans, Afro-Jamaican, Afro-Spaniard, Afro-Trinidadians and Tobagonians, Afroasiatic languages, Afroasiatic Urheimat, Ajami script, Alabama, Ali Farka Touré, Americas, Angolan Americans, Annales Aequatoria, Antillean Creole, Asian Educational Services, ASPM (gene), Ayize Jama-Everett, Ø, Ƈ, Ɗ, Ɲ, Ƥ, Ƭ, Ʈ, Ʊ, Ʋ, ..., Ƴ, Baltimore, Bantu languages, Bantu peoples, Barbara Abbott, Bā with three dots horizontally below, Berlin Missionary Society, Black British, Black Canadians, Black people in Ireland, Black Scottish people, Blacks in France, Bowditch (crater), Branching (linguistics), Brazil, Brazilian Portuguese, Brooklyn, Can You Feel the Love Tonight, Caribbean, Caribbean English, Carl Meinhof, Centro Cultural da Penha, Champús, Child development in Africa, Chinese Library Classification, Chosen people, Circle of Life, CKYE-FM, Classifier (linguistics), Claude McKay, Clusivity, Colonisation of Africa, Comparison of Dewey and Library of Congress subject classification, Comparison of Portuguese and Spanish, Consonant mutation, Crescent City Farmers Market, Culture of Brazil, Culture of Togo, Db ligature, Demographics of Africa, Demographics of Alberta, Demographics of Belize, Demographics of Benin, Demographics of Brooklyn, Demographics of Burkina Faso, Demographics of Canada, Demographics of Guyana, Demographics of Houston, Demographics of Manhattan, Demographics of Manitoba, Demographics of Newfoundland and Labrador, Demographics of Saskatchewan, Demographics of Staten Island, Demographics of the Bronx, Denver, Dewoin language, Diedrich Hermann Westermann, Earl Stevick, Economy of Africa, Emine, Eng (letter), English in the Commonwealth of Nations, Equatoguinean Spanish, Esh (letter), Ethnic group, Ethnic groups in Baltimore, Euphrase Kezilahabi, F. Nnabuenyi Ugonna, Fanagalo, Fela Kuti, Foodo language, Frederick S. Pardee School of Global Studies, French language, Galway African Film Festival, Gamma, Garifuna language, Gbii language, Gerhard Kubik, Glio-Ubi language, Grammatical number, Grammaticalization, Grave accent, Guianan Creole, Gula language, Gullah, Gullah language, Haitian Creole, Hausa people, Heinrich Barth, Helmut Satzinger, Henri Wittmann, Ida C. Ward, Inalienable possession, Infinitive, Institut Fondamental d'Afrique Noire, Institute of Linguistics of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Interjection, International African Institute, Irene Grandi, ISO 6438, Itsekiri language, JAARS, Jainism in Africa, Jamaican Patois, Jean Nguza Karl-i-Bond, John Bendor-Samuel, Joseph Greenberg, Journal of West African Languages, Kaapsehoop, Karl Richard Lepsius, Khoisan languages, Kofi Annan, Konrad Tuchscherer, Kuwaa language, Laal language, Language Spoken at Home, Languages of Canada, Languages of East Asia, Languages of Europe, Languages of Guyana, Languages of Ireland, Languages of Kenya, Languages of Nigeria, Languages of Oceania, Languages of Tanzania, Languages of the African Union, Larry Hyman, Lateral clicks, Latin alphabet, Latin iota, Latin script, Leeward Caribbean Creole English, Lexicostatistics, Library of Congress Classification:Class P -- Language and Literature, Life in the African Union, Limburgish, Linguistic Diversity in Space and Time, Lionel Bender, List of Caribbean music genres, List of Dewey Decimal classes, List of endangered languages in Africa, List of ethnic groups of Africa, List of Jamaican Patois words of African origin, List of language families, List of languages by number of native speakers, List of Latin-script digraphs, List of linguists, List of lunar features, List of mountains on the Moon, List of United States cable and satellite television channels, List of writing systems, Lists of languages, Logophoricity, Louisiana Creole people, Mali, Maroon (people), Maryland, Maurice Delafosse, Melville J. Herskovits, Middle Belt, Military history of South Africa, Mons Hadley, Mons Vinogradov, Mor-Taxan, Mr. Myombekere and His Wife Bugonoka, Their Son Ntulanalwo and Daughter Bulihwali, Mulatto, Museum of the Portuguese Language, Music of Africa, Namlish, Natan Gamedze, National language, Ndyuka language, Negerhollands, Nh (digraph), Nick Clements, Niger–Congo languages, Nigeria, Nilo-Saharan languages, Nj (digraph), Nobiin language, Noma Award for Publishing in Africa, Nubians, Obi Wali, Old Nubian language, Open O, Origin of speech, Oropom language, Outline of Africa, Papiamento, Paul Newman (linguist), Peter Ladefoged, Philadelphia, Polyglotta Africana, Portuguese colonization of the Americas, Positional notation, Proto-Human language, Puerto Ricans, Puerto Ricans in the United States, Puerto Rico, Qp ligature, Quilombo, Raavan (soundtrack), Rainer Polak, Relative clause, Robert K. Herbert, Roger Blench, Romanization, S with swash tail, Said Gafurov, Sapo language, Saramaccan language, SBS Radio, Semi-Bantu, Serial verb construction, Siamou language, Siegfried Frederick Nadel, Sigismund Koelle, Songhay languages, Songora, Spotted hyena, Standard Alphabet by Lepsius, Stratum (linguistics), Sudanic languages, Tajuasohn language, Tawellemmet language, Tefillin, Théophile Obenga, The Bronx, The Languages of Africa, The Penguin Book of Modern African Poetry, Thierno Abdourahmane Bah, Thomas Cullen Young, Tomi Odunsi, Tore Janson, United States of Africa, University of Florida College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, University of Zimbabwe, V with curl, Volta–Congo languages, Waterbuck, White Africans of European ancestry, Wilhelm Bleek, Women in Distress, Xhosa language, Y Chromosome Haplotype Reference Database, Y-DNA haplogroups in populations of North Africa, Y-DNA haplogroups in populations of Sub-Saharan Africa, Yebbo Communication Network, Z with swash tail, Zulu language, 1854 in literature, 2010 FIFA World Cup. Expand index (252 more) » « Shrink index
The acute accent (´) is a diacritic used in many modern written languages with alphabets based on the Latin, Cyrillic, and Greek scripts.
Africa is the world's second largest and second most-populous continent (behind Asia in both categories).
The Africa Alphabet (also International African Alphabet or IAI alphabet) was developed by the International Institute of African Languages and Cultures in 1928, with the help of some Africans led by Diedrich Hermann Westermann, who served as director of the organization from 1926 until 1939.
Canada – Africa relations are relations between Canada and the peoples and countries of the African continent.
African(s) may refer to.
African Australians are Australians of African ancestry.
Retroflex D (Ɖ, ɖ) is a Latin letter representing the voiced retroflex plosive.
The African diaspora in the Americas is used to refer to people born in the Americas with predominantly African ancestry.
African Swedish include naturalized citizens and residents of Sweden who were born in Africa.
African immigration to the United States refers to immigrants to the United States who are or were nationals of modern African countries.
African New Zealanders refers to New Zealanders who are Africa-born or are of African descent.
An African reference alphabet was first proposed in 1978 by a UNESCO-organized conference held in Niamey, Niger, and the proposed alphabet was revised in 1982.
The African Storybook (ASb) is a literacy initiative that provides openly licensed picture storybooks for early reading in the languages of Africa.
African studies is the study of Africa, especially the continent's cultures and societies (as opposed to its geology, geography, zoology, etc.). The field includes the study of Africa's history (Pre-colonial, colonial, post-colonial), demography (ethnic groups), culture, politics, economy, languages, and religion (Islam, Christianity, traditional religions).
Founded in 1960,, Africa Today 18.1 (1971): 83–84.
The African Union (AU) is a continental union consisting of all 55 countries on the African continent, extending slightly into Asia via the Sinai Peninsula in Egypt.
On 1 June 1962, Makerere University.
Africanization or Africanisation (lit., making something African) has been applied in various contexts, notably in geographic and personal naming and in the composition of the civil service e.g. via processes such as indigenization.
Africans in Guangzhou (Chinese: 廣州非裔, more commonly) are Africans who travel to or reside in Guangzhou, China for short and long term periods.
Africans in Hong Kong constitute a small number of total residents in Hong Kong.
African Malaysians are people of full or partial African descent who were born in or immigrated to Malaysia.
Afrihili (Ni Afrihili Oluga 'the Afrihili language') is a constructed language designed in 1970 by Ghanaian historian K. A. Kumi Attobrah (Kumi Atɔbra) to be used as a lingua franca in all of Africa.
The Afrikaans Wikipedia () is an Afrikaans edition of the Web-based free-content encyclopedia Wikipedia.
Afro-Caribbean, a term not used by West Indians themselves but first coined by Americans in the late 1960s, describes Caribbean people who trace at least some of their ancestry to West Africa in the period since Christopher Columbus' arrival in the region in 1492.
Afro-Colombians refers to Colombian citizens of African descent; this article is about the influence they have had on Colombian culture.
Afro-Germans (Afrodeutsche), Black Germans (schwarze Deutsche) or during the German Empire Imperial Negroes (Reichsneger) are an ethnic group, namely people who are citizens and/or residents of Germany and who are of Black African descent.
Afro-Jamaicans are Jamaicans who are entirely or of partial African descent.
Afro-Spaniards are Spanish nationals of West/Central African descent.
Afro-Trinidadians and Tobagonians (or just Afro-Trinbagonians) are people from Trinidad and Tobago who are largely of West African and Sub-Saharan descent.
Afroasiatic (Afro-Asiatic), also known as Afrasian and traditionally as Hamito-Semitic (Chamito-Semitic) or Semito-Hamitic, is a large language family of about 300 languages and dialects.
The term Afroasiatic Urheimat refers to the hypothetical place where speakers of the proto-Afroasiatic language lived in a single linguistic community, or complex of communities, before this original language dispersed geographically and divided into separate distinct languages.
The term Ajami (عجمي), or Ajamiyya (عجمية), which comes from the Arabic root for foreign or stranger, has been applied to Arabic alphabets used for writing African languages, especially those of Hausa and Swahili, although many other African languages were written using the script, among them Yoruba.
Alabama is a state in the southeastern region of the United States.
Ali Ibrahim "Ali Farka" Touré (31 October 1939 – 6 March 2006) was a Malian singer and multi-instrumentalist, and one of the African continent's most internationally renowned musicians.
The Americas (also collectively called America)"America." The Oxford Companion to the English Language.
Angolan Americans are Americans of Angolan descent or Angolan immigrants.
Annales Aequatoria is an annual peer-reviewed academic journal that covers studies on the languages, societies, and history of Central Africa in general and the Congo in particular.
Antillean Creole is a French-based creole, which is primarily spoken in the Lesser Antilles.
Asian Educational Services (AES) is a New Delhi, India-based publishing house that specialises in antiquarian reprints of books that were originally published between the 17th and early 20th centuries.
Abnormal spindle-like microcephaly-associated protein also known as abnormal spindle protein homolog or Asp homolog is a protein that in humans is encoded by the ASPM gene.
Ayize Jama-Everett (born 1974) is an African-American science fiction and speculative fiction writer.
Ø (or minuscule: ø) is a vowel and a letter used in the Danish, Norwegian, Faroese, and Southern Sami languages.
Ƈ (minuscule: ƈ) is a letter of the Latin alphabet, derived from C with the addition of a hook.
Ɗ (minuscule: ɗ) is a letter of the Latin alphabet.
Variants of uppercase Ɲ and lowercase ɲ Ɲ is a letter indicating a palatal nasal.
The letter Ƥ (minuscule: ƥ), called P with hook, is a letter of the Latin alphabet based on the letter p. It is used in some alphabets of African languages such as Serer.
The letter Ƭ (minuscule: ƭ), called T with hook, is a letter of the Latin alphabet based on the letter t. It is used some alphabets of African languages such as Serer and (in Burkina) Tamasheq.
The letter Ʈ (minuscule: ʈ), called T with retroflex hook, is a letter of the Latin alphabet based on the letter t. It is used to represent a voiceless retroflex plosive in the International Phonetic Alphabet, and is used some alphabets of African languages.
The letter Ʊ (minuscule: ʊ), called Latin upsilon, is a letter of the Latin alphabet.
The letter V with hook (Upper case Ʋ, minuscule: ʋ) is a letter of the Latin alphabet, based on an italic form of V. It is used in the orthographies of some African languages such as Ewe, and Shona from 1931 to 1955 to write.
Ƴ (minuscule: ƴ) is a letter of the Latin alphabet, formed from Y with the addition of a hook.
Baltimore is the largest city in the U.S. state of Maryland, and the 30th-most populous city in the United States.
The Bantu languages (English:, Proto-Bantu: */baⁿtʊ̀/) technically the Narrow Bantu languages, as opposed to "Wide Bantu", a loosely defined categorization which includes other "Bantoid" languages are a large family of languages spoken by the Bantu peoples throughout Sub-Saharan Africa.
The Bantu peoples are the speakers of Bantu languages, comprising several hundred ethnic groups in sub-Saharan Africa, spread over a vast area from Central Africa across the African Great Lakes to Southern Africa.
Barbara Kenyon Abbott (born 1943) is an American linguist.
ݐ (Unicode name: Arabic Letter Beh With Three Dots Horizontally Below) is an additional letter of the Arabic script, used in some African languages such as Fulfulde.
The Berlin Missionary Society (BMS) or Society for the Advancement of evangelistic Missions amongst the Heathen (German: Berliner Missionsgesellschaft or Gesellschaft zur Beförderung der evangelischen Missionen unter den Heiden) was a German Protestant (Old Lutheran) Christian missionary society that was constituted on 29 February 1824 by a group of pious laymen from the Prussian nobility.
Black British are British citizens of Black origins or heritage, including those of African-Caribbean (sometimes called "Afro-Caribbean") background, and may include people with mixed ancestry.
Black Canadians is a designation used for people of Black African descent, who are citizens or permanent residents of Canada.
Black people have lived in Ireland in very small numbers since the 18th century.
Black Scottish people (also referred to as the Afro-Scots, Black Scottish, and Black Scots) represent a small proportion (less than 1 per cent according to the 2011 census) of the country's overall population, although the Black population of Scotland has a long history.
French Black people or Black people in France (French: Noirs de France) are people who are of black African, Afro-Caribbean, or Melanesian ancestry.
Bowditch is a lunar impact crater that lies on the far side of the Moon, just beyond the eastern limb.
In linguistics, branching refers to the shape of the parse trees that represent the structure of sentences.
Brazil (Brasil), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil), is the largest country in both South America and Latin America.
Brazilian Portuguese (português do Brasil or português brasileiro) is a set of dialects of the Portuguese language used mostly in Brazil.
Brooklyn is the most populous borough of New York City, with a census-estimated 2,648,771 residents in 2017.
"Can You Feel the Love Tonight" is a song from Disney's 1994 animated film The Lion King composed by Elton John with lyrics by Tim Rice.
The Caribbean is a region that consists of the Caribbean Sea, its islands (some surrounded by the Caribbean Sea and some bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean) and the surrounding coasts.
Caribbean English is a broad term for the dialects of the English language spoken in the Caribbean and Liberia, most countries on the Caribbean coast of Central America, and Guyana and Suriname on the coast of South America.
Carl Friedrich Michael Meinhof (July 23, 1857 – February 11, 1944) was a German linguist and one of the first linguists to study African languages.
Centro Cultural da Penha is a cultural center, a public facility aimed at the dissemination of culture, the spread knowledge and the appreciation of the history of the Penha (São Paulo) neighborhood where it is located.
Champús is a drink popular in Peru, Ecuador and southwest Colombia (Departments of Valle del Cauca, Cauca and Nariño), made with maize, fruits such as lulo (also known as naranjilla), pineapple, quince or guanábana, sweetened with panela and seasoned with cinnamon, cloves and orange tree leaves.
Child development in Africa addresses the variables and social changes that occur in African children from infancy through adolescence.
The Chinese Library Classification (CLC), also known as Classification for Chinese Libraries (CCL), is effectively the national library classification scheme in China.
Throughout history, various groups of people have considered themselves to be chosen people by a deity for a purpose, such as to act as the deity's agent on earth.
"Circle of Life" is a song from Disney's 1994 animated film The Lion King.
CKYE-FM (identified on air and in print as Red FM) is a Canadian radio station in the Metro Vancouver region of British Columbia.
A classifier (abbreviated or), sometimes called a measure word or counter word, is a word or affix that is used to accompany nouns and can be considered to "classify" a noun depending on the type of its referent.
Festus Claudius "Claude" McKay (September 15, 1889 – May 22, 1948) was a Jamaican writer and poet, who was a seminal figure in the Harlem Renaissance.
In linguistics, clusivity is a grammatical distinction between inclusive and exclusive first-person pronouns and verbal morphology, also called inclusive "we" and exclusive "we".
The history of external colonisation of Africa can be divided into two stages: Classical antiquity and European colonialism.
This is a conversion chart showing how the Dewey Decimal and Library of Congress Classification systems organize resources by concept, in part for the purpose of assigning call numbers.
Portuguese and Spanish, although closely related sister languages, differ in many details of their phonology, grammar, and lexicon.
Consonant mutation is change in a consonant in a word according to its morphological or syntactic environment.
Crescent City Farmers Market is an agricultural market in New Orleans, Louisiana.
The culture of Brazil is primarily Western, but presents a very diverse nature showing that an ethnic and cultural mixing occurred in the colonial period involving mostly Indigenous peoples of the coastal and most accessible riverine areas, Portuguese people and African people.
Togo's culture reflects the influences of its 37 tribal ethnic groups, the largest and most influential of which are the Ewe, Mina, and Kabye.
The db ligature, ȸ, is a typographic ligature of Latin d and b, and used in Africanist linguistics for the transcription of certain African languages to represent, for example in the Zulu sequence.
The population of Africa has grown rapidly over the past century, and consequently shows a large youth bulge, further reinforced by a low life expectancy of below 50 years in some African countries.
Alberta has experienced a relatively high rate of growth in recent years, due in large part to its economy.
This article is about the demographic features of the population of Belize, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.
The demographics of Benin include population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.
The demographics of Brooklyn reveal a very diverse borough of New York City and a melting pot for many cultures, like the city itself.
This article is about the demographic features of the population of Burkina Faso, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.
This article is about the demographic features of the population of Canada, including population density, ethnicity, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population, the People of Canada.
This article is about the demographic features of Guyana, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.
This article on the demographics of Houston in the early 21st century (2001–2015) contains information on population characteristics of Houston, Texas, United States of America, including households, family status, age, gender, income, race and ethnicity.
New York County, coterminous with the New York City borough of Manhattan, is the most densely populated U.S. county, with a density of 70,825.6/mi2 (27,267.4/km2) as of 2013.
Manitoba is one of Canada's 10 provinces.
Newfoundland and Labrador is a province of Canada on the country's Atlantic coast in northeastern North America.
Saskatchewan is the middle province of Canada's three Prairie Provinces.
Richmond County, also known as Staten Island is a borough of New York City, New York, United States.
The demographics of the Bronx are characterized by a Hispanic majority (unique among New York City's boroughs) and by the lowest percentage of Whites among all boroughs.
Denver, officially the City and County of Denver, is the capital and most populous municipality of the U.S. state of Colorado.
The Dewoin language, also known as De, Dey, or Dei, is a Kru language of the Niger–Congo language family.
Diedrich Hermann Westermann (June 24, 1875–May 31, 1956) was a German missionary, Africanist, and linguist.
Earl Wilson Stevick /ˈstiːvɪk/ (23 October 1923 – 13 August 2013)Woodson, Daryl "Earl Stevick passed on Tuesday, Aug.
The economy of Africa consists of the trade, industry, agriculture, and human resources of the continent.
Emine is an Arabic-origin given name used for females in Turkey.
Eng or engma (capital: Ŋ, lowercase: ŋ) is a letter of the Latin alphabet, used to represent a velar nasal (as in English sii) in the written form of some languages and in the International Phonetic Alphabet.
The use of the English language in most member countries of the Commonwealth of Nations was inherited from British colonisation.
Equatoguinean Spanish (Español ecuatoguineano) is the variety of Spanish spoken in Equatorial Guinea.
Esh (majuscule: Ʃ Unicode U+01A9, minuscule: ʃ Unicode U+0283) is a character used in conjunction with the Latin script.
An ethnic group, or an ethnicity, is a category of people who identify with each other based on similarities such as common ancestry, language, history, society, culture or nation.
There have been various ethnic groups in Baltimore, Maryland and its surrounding area since it was founded as a British colony in 1661.
Euphrase Kezilahabi (born 13 April 1944) is a Tanzanian novelist, poet, and scholar.
Frederick Nnabuenyi Ugonna, often abbreviated to F. Nnabuenyi Ugonna (12 October 1936, in Amaokpara/Ihitenansa, Imo State, Nigeria – 5 June 1990, in London) was a Nigerian ethnologist, linguist, and writer.
Fanagalo is a pidgin (simplified language) based primarily on Zulu, with English and a small Afrikaans input.
Fela Anikulapo Kuti (15 October 1938 – 2 August 1997), also professionally known as Fela Kuti, or simply Fela, was a Nigerian multi-instrumentalist, musician, composer, pioneer of the Afrobeat music genre, human rights activist, and political maverick.
Foodo (ISO 639-3 fod) is a Guang language spoken in and around the town of Sèmèrè in the north of Benin.
The Frederick S. Pardee School of Global Studies at Boston University (also referred to as The Pardee School and Pardee School of Global Studies) is Boston University's newest School and was established in 2014 by bringing together a number of long-established programs in international and regional studies at Boston University.
French (le français or la langue française) is a Romance language of the Indo-European family.
Galway African Film Festival (GAFF) is an annual African film festival taking place in Galway on the west coast of Ireland in late May / early June to coincide with Africa Day an annual commemoration on 25 May of the 1963 founding of the Organization of African Unity (OAU).
Gamma (uppercase, lowercase; gámma) is the third letter of the Greek alphabet.
Garifuna (Karif) is a minority language widely spoken in villages of Garifuna people in the western part of the northern coast of Central America.
The Gbi and Dorue language, also known as Gbee or Gbi and Dorue, is similar to the Krahn dialect/ language of the Niger–Congo language family.
Gerhard Kubik (born December 10, 1934) is an Austrian music ethnologist from Vienna.
The Glio-Oubi language (Glio-Ubi) is a Kru language of the Niger–Congo language family.
In linguistics, grammatical number is a grammatical category of nouns, pronouns, and adjective and verb agreement that expresses count distinctions (such as "one", "two", or "three or more").
In historical linguistics and language change, grammaticalization (also known as grammatization or grammaticization) is a process of language change by which words representing objects and actions (i.e. nouns and verbs) become grammatical markers (affixes, prepositions, etc.). Thus it creates new function words by a process other than deriving them from existing bound, inflectional constructions, instead deriving them from content words.
The grave accent (`) is a diacritical mark in many written languages, including Breton, Catalan, Corsican, Dutch, Emilian-Romagnol, French, West Frisian, Greek (until 1982; see polytonic orthography), Haitian Creole, Italian, Mohawk, Occitan, Portuguese, Ligurian, Scottish Gaelic, Vietnamese, Welsh, Romansh, and Yoruba.
French Guianan Creole or Guianan Creole is a French-based creole language spoken in French Guiana, and to a lesser degree, in Suriname and Guyana.
There are several African languages called Gula: Three closely related Bua languages in southern Chad Two less closely related Bongo-Baguirmi languages.
The Gullah are African Americans who live in the Lowcountry region of the U.S. states of Georgia and South Carolina, in both the coastal plain and the Sea Islands (including urban Savannah and Charleston).
Gullah, also called Sea Island Creole English and Geechee, is a creole language spoken by the Gullah people (also called "Geechees" within the community), an African-American population living in coastal regions of the American states of South Carolina, Georgia and northeast Florida (including urban Charleston and Savannah).
Haitian Creole (kreyòl ayisyen,; créole haïtien) is a French-based creole language spoken by 9.6–12million people worldwide, and the only language of most Haitians.
The Hausa (autonyms for singular: Bahaushe (m), Bahaushiya (f); plural: Hausawa and general: Hausa; exonyms: Ausa) are one of the largest ethnic groups in Africa.
Heinrich Barth (16 February 1821 – 25 November 1865) was a German explorer of Africa and scholar.
Helmut Satzinger (born January 21, 1938, in Linz) is an Austrian Egyptologist and Coptologist.
Henri Wittmann (born 1937) is a Canadian linguist from Quebec.
Ida Caroline Ward, (4 October 1880 – 10 October 1949) was a British linguist working mainly on African languages who did influential work in the domains of phonology and tonology.
In linguistics, inalienable possession (abbreviated) is a type of possession in which a noun is obligatorily possessed by its possessor.
Infinitive (abbreviated) is a grammatical term referring to certain verb forms existing in many languages, most often used as non-finite verbs.
IFAN (I.F.A.N., Institut Fondamental d'Afrique Noire or African Institute of Basic research) is a cultural and scientific institute in the nations of the former French West Africa.
The Institute of Linguistics of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Институт языкознания Российской академии наук) is a structural unit in the Language and Literature Section of History and Philology Department of the Russian Academy of Sciences.
In linguistics, an interjection is a word or expression that occurs as an utterance on its own and expresses a spontaneous feeling or reaction.
The International African Institute (IAI) was founded (as the International Institute of African Languages and Cultures - IIALC) in 1926 in London for the study of African languages.
Irene Grandi (born 6 December 1969) is an Italian singer, songwriter, record producer, musician, actress and television host.
ISO 6438:1983, Documentation — African coded character set for bibliographic information interchange, is an ISO standard for an 8-bit character encoding for African languages.
The Itsekiri language is a major branch of the Yoruboid group of languages, which as a group, is a key member of the Volta–Niger sub-family of the Niger–Congo family of African languages.
JAARS is a non-profit organization that helps organizations around the world get practical, day-to-day support for Bible translation.
The history of Jainism in Africa is relatively short when compared with the histories of Judaism, Christianity and Islam on the same continent.
Jamaican Patois, known locally as Patois (Patwa or Patwah) and called Jamaican Creole by linguists, is an English-based creole language with West African influences (a majority of loan words of Akan origin) spoken primarily in Jamaica and the Jamaican diaspora; it is spoken by the majority of Jamaicans as a native language.
Jean Nguza Karl-i-Bond (August 4, 1938 – July 27, 2003) was a prominent Zairian politician.
John Theodore Bendor-Samuel (9 June 1929 – 6 January 2011) was an evangelical Christian missionary and linguist who furthered Bible translation work into African languages, as well as making significant contributions to the study of African linguistics.
Joseph Harold Greenberg (May 28, 1915 – May 7, 2001) was an American linguist, known mainly for his work concerning linguistic typology and the genetic classification of languages.
The Journal of West African Languages is a peer-reviewed academic journal dedicated to the study of West African languages.
Kaapsehoop or Kaapschehoop is a town in the Mpumalanga province (formerly Eastern Transvaal) of South Africa.
Karl or Carl Richard Lepsius (23 December 1810– 10 July 1884) was a pioneering Prussian Egyptologist and linguist and pioneer of modern archaeology.
The Khoisan languages (also Khoesan or Khoesaan) are a group of African languages originally classified together by Joseph Greenberg.
Kofi Atta Annan (born 8 April 1938) is a Ghanaian diplomat who served as the seventh Secretary-General of the United Nations from January 1997 to December 2006.
Konrad Tuchscherer (born February 16, 1970 in Neenah, Wisconsin) is an educator, scholar, writer, and public intellectual.
The Kuwaa language, also known as Belle, Belleh, Kowaao, and Kwaa, is a Kru language of the Niger–Congo language family.
Laal is an endangered language isolate spoken by 749 people in three villages in the Moyen-Chari prefecture of Chad on opposite banks of the Chari River, called Gori (lá), Damtar (ɓual), and Mailao.
Language Spoken at Home is a data set published by the United States Census Bureau on languages in the United States.
A multitude of languages are used in Canada.
The languages of East Asia belong to several distinct language families, with many common features attributed to interaction.
Most languages of Europe belong to the Indo-European language family.
English is the official language of Guyana, which is the only South American country with English as the official language.
There are a number of languages used in Ireland.
Kenya is a multilingual country.
sign There are over 520 languages spoken in Nigeria.
Native languages of Oceania fall into three major geographic groups.
Tanzania is a multilingual country.
The languages of the African Union are languages used by citizens within the member states of the African Union (AU).
Larry M. Hyman (born September 26, 1947 in Los Angeles) is Professor of Linguistics in the Department of Linguistics at the University of California at Berkeley.
The lateral clicks are a family of click consonants found only in African languages.
The Latin alphabet or the Roman alphabet is a writing system originally used by the ancient Romans to write the Latin language.
Sample "Ɩɩ" from various typefaces. Latin iota (majuscule: Ɩ, minuscule: ɩ) is a letter of the Latin alphabet, based on the lowercase of the Greek letter iota (ι).
Latin or Roman script is a set of graphic signs (script) based on the letters of the classical Latin alphabet, which is derived from a form of the Cumaean Greek version of the Greek alphabet, used by the Etruscans.
Leeward Caribbean Creole English, also known by the names of the various islands on which it is spoken (Antiguan Creole, Saint Kitts Creole, etc.), is an English-based creole language spoken in the Leeward Islands of the Caribbean, namely the countries of Antigua and Barbuda, Montserrat, Saint Kitts, and Nevis.
Lexicostatistics is a method of comparative linguistics that involves comparing the percentage of lexical cognates between languages to determine their relationship.
Class P: Language and Literature is a first order classification in the Library of Congress Classification system.
The combined states of the African Union constitute the world's 17th largest economy with a nominal GDP of $500 billion, ranking after the Netherlands.
LimburgishLimburgish is pronounced, whereas Limburgan, Limburgian and Limburgic are, and.
Linguistic Diversity in Space and Time is a 1992 book by linguist Johanna Nichols.
Marvin Lionel Bender (August 18, 1934 – February 19, 2008) was an American author and linguist.
Caribbean music genres are diverse.
The Dewey Decimal Classification (DDC) is structured around ten main classes covering the entire world of knowledge; each main class is further structured into ten hierarchical divisions, each having ten sections of increasing specificity.
An endangered language is a language that it is at risk of falling out of use, generally because it has few surviving speakers.
The ethnic groups of Africa number in the thousands, with each population generally having its own language (or dialect of a language) and culture.
The List of African words in Jamaican Patois notes down as many loan words in Jamaican Patois that can be traced back to specific African languages.
The following is a list of language families.
This article ranks human languages by their number of native speakers.
This is a list of digraphs used in various Latin alphabets.
A linguist in the academic sense is a person who studies natural language (an academic discipline known as linguistics).
Several features cover the surface of the Moon.
This is a list of named mountains on the Moon.
The following is a list of cable and satellite television networks broadcasting or receivable in the United States, organized by genre.
This is a list of writing systems (or scripts), classified according to some common distinguishing features.
This page lists published lists of languages.
Logophoricity is the binding relation that holds between a special class of pronouns and their antecedents.
Louisiana Creole people (Créoles de Louisiane, Gente de Louisiana Creole), are persons descended from the inhabitants of colonial Louisiana during the period of both French and Spanish rule.
Mali, officially the Republic of Mali (République du Mali), is a landlocked country in West Africa, a region geologically identified with the West African Craton.
Maroons were Africans who had escaped from slavery in the Americas and mixed with the indigenous peoples of the Americas, and formed independent settlements.
Maryland is a state in the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States, bordering Virginia, West Virginia, and Washington, D.C. to its south and west; Pennsylvania to its north; and Delaware to its east.
Maurice Delafosse (December 20, 1870 – November 13, 1926) was a French ethnographer and colonial official who also worked in the field of the languages of Africa.
Melville Jean Herskovits (September 10, 1895 – February 25, 1963) was an American anthropologist who helped establish African and African-American studies in American academia.
The Middle Belt is a human geographical term designating the region of central Nigeria populated largely by minority ethnic groups and stretching across the country longitudinally.
The military history of South Africa chronicles a vast time period and complex events from the dawn of history until the present time.
Mons Hadley is a massif in the northern portion of the Montes Apenninus, a range in the northern hemisphere of the Moon.
Mons Vinogradov is a rugged massif that is located on the lunar mare where Oceanus Procellarum to the southwest joins Mare Imbrium to the east.
Mor-Taxans are the extraterrestrial inhabitants of the fictional planet Mor-Tax, in the first season of the War of the Worlds television series.
Mulatto is a term used to refer to people born of one white parent and one black parent or to people born of a mulatto parent or parents.
The Museum of the Portuguese Language (Museu da Língua Portuguesa) is an interactive Portuguese language—and Linguistics/Language Development in general—museum in São Paulo, Brazil.
The traditional music of Africa, given the vastness of the continent, is historically ancient, rich and diverse, with different regions and nations of Africa having many distinct musical traditions.
Namlish (a portmanteau of the words Namibian and English) is a form of English spoken in Namibia.
Natan Gamedze (born 1963, Swaziland) is a Haredi rabbi and lecturer.
A national language is a language (or language variant, e.g. dialect) that has some connection—de facto or de jure—with people and the territory they occupy.
Ndyuka, also called Aukan, Okanisi, Ndyuka tongo, Aukaans, Businenge Tongo (considered by some to be pejorative), Eastern Maroon Creole, or Nenge is a creole language of Suriname, spoken by the Ndyuka people.
Negerhollands (English translation: Negro-Dutch) was a Dutch-based creole language that was once spoken in the Danish West Indies, now known as the U.S. Virgin Islands.
Nh is a digraph of the Latin alphabet, a combination of N and H. Together with lh and the interpunct, it is a typical feature of Occitan, a language illustrated by medieval troubadours.
George Nick Clements (October 5, 1940 – August 30, 2009) was an American theoretical linguist specializing in phonology.
The Niger–Congo languages constitute one of the world's major language families and Africa's largest in terms of geographical area, number of speakers and number of distinct languages.
Nigeria, officially the Federal Republic of Nigeria is a federal republic in West Africa, bordering Benin in the west, Chad and Cameroon in the east, and Niger in the north.
The Nilo-Saharan languages are a proposed family of African languages spoken by some 50–60 million people, mainly in the upper parts of the Chari and Nile rivers, including historic Nubia, north of where the two tributaries of the Nile meet.
Nj (nj in lower case) is a letter present in South Slavic languages such as the Latin-alphabet version of Serbo-Croatian and in romanised Macedonian.
Nobiin, or Mahas, is a Northern Nubian language of the Nilo-Saharan phylum.
The Noma Award for Publishing in Africa (French:Le Prix Noma de Publication en Afrique), which ran from 1980-2009, was an annual $10,000 prize for outstanding African writers and scholars who published in Africa.
Nubians are an ethnolinguistic group indigenous to present-day Sudan and southern Egypt who originate from the early inhabitants of the central Nile valley, believed to be one of the earliest cradles of civilization.
Obi Wali (1932 – 26 April 1993) was a minority rights activist, politician, distinguished senator, literary scholar, and an orator from Nigeria.
Old Nubian (also called Middle Nubian or Old Nobiin) is an extinct Nubian language, attested in writing from the 8th to the 15th century CE.
Open o (majuscule: Ɔ, minuscule: ɔ) is a letter of the extended Latin alphabet.
The origin of speech refers to the more general problem of the origin of language in the context of the physiological development of the human speech organs such as the tongue, lips and vocal organs used to produce phonological units in all human languages.
Oropom (Oworopom, Oyoropom, Oropoi) is an African language, possibly spurious and, if real, almost certainly extinct.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to the continent Africa: Africa is the world's second largest and second most populous continent, after Asia.
Papiamento or Papiamentu is a Portuguese-based creole language spoken in the Dutch West Indies.
Paul Newman (born 1937) is an American linguist active in the study of African languages.
Peter Nielsen Ladefoged (17 September 1925 – 24 January 2006) was a British linguist and phonetician who travelled the world to document the distinct sounds of endangered languages and pioneered ways to collect and study data.
Philadelphia is the largest city in the U.S. state and Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, and the sixth-most populous U.S. city, with a 2017 census-estimated population of 1,580,863.
Polyglotta Africana is an 1854 study by the German missionary Sigismund Wilhelm Koelle, in which the author compares 156 African languages (or about 120 according to today's classification; several varieties considered distinct by Koelle were later shown to belong to the same language).
Portugal was the leading country in the European exploration of the world in the 15th century.
Positional notation or place-value notation is a method of representing or encoding numbers.
The Proto-Human language (also Proto-Sapiens, Proto-World) is the hypothetical direct genetic predecessor of the world's languages.
Puerto Ricans (Puertorriqueños; or boricuas) are people from Puerto Rico, the inhabitants and citizens of Puerto Rico, and their descendants.
A Stateside Puerto Rican, also ambiguously Puerto Rican American (puertorriqueño-americano, puertorriqueño-estadounidense) is a term for residents in the United States who were born in or trace family ancestry to Puerto Rico.
Puerto Rico (Spanish for "Rich Port"), officially the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico (Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico, "Free Associated State of Puerto Rico") and briefly called Porto Rico, is an unincorporated territory of the United States located in the northeast Caribbean Sea.
The qp ligature, ȹ, is a typographic ligature of Latin q and p (also interpretable as a ligature of c and p), and is used in some phonetic transcription systems, particularly for African languages, to represent a voiceless labiodental plosive, for example in the Zulu sequence.
A quilombo (from the Kimbundu word kilombo, "campsite, slave hut") is a Brazilian hinterland settlement founded by people of African origin including the Quilombolas, or Maroons.
Raavan is the soundtrack to the 2010 Hindi film of the same name, directed by Mani Ratnam.
Rainer Polak is an ethnomusicologist and djembe drummer who has researched in the field of West African celebration music performances and written in the field of ethnomusicology.
A relative clause is a kind of subordinate clause that contains the element whose interpretation is provided by an antecedent on which the subordinate clause is grammatically dependent; that is, there is an anaphora relation between the relativized element in the relative clause and antecedent on which it depends.
Robert Kevin Herbert was an American linguist who died in July 2007, in Costa Rica.
Roger Marsh Blench (born 1953) is a British linguist, ethnomusicologist and development anthropologist.
Romanization or romanisation, in linguistics, is the conversion of writing from a different writing system to the Roman (Latin) script, or a system for doing so.
Ȿ (lowercase: ȿ) is a Latin letter s with a "swash tail" (encoded by Unicode, at codepoints U+2C7E for uppercase and U+023F for lowercase) that was used as a phonetic symbol by linguists studying African languages to represent the sound.
Gafurov (Gafourov), Said Zakirovich (born 1967) is a Russian economist, sociologist, orientalist, politician, bureaucrat and opera critic.
The Sapo language, also known as Sarpo or Southern Krahn, is a Kru language of the Niger–Congo language family.
Saramaccan (autonym: Saamáka) is a creole language spoken by about 58,000 ethnic African people near the Saramacca and upper Suriname River, as well as in the capital Paramaribo, in Suriname (formerly also known as Dutch Guiana), 25,000 in French Guiana, and 8,000 in the Netherlands.
SBS Radio is a service provided by the Special Broadcasting Service...to inform, educate and entertain Australians, especially those of non-English-speaking backgrounds'.
Semi-Bantu or Semibantu is a non-genealogical term that refers to those African languages spoken by the inhabitants of the Western grassfields of Cameroon (portions of the Adamawa, West, Northwest, and Southwest provinces) which are Bantoid languages but don't belong to the Bantu languages.
The serial verb construction, also known as (verb) serialization or verb stacking, is a syntactic phenomenon in which two or more verbs or verb phrases are strung together in a single clause.
Siamou, also known as Sɛmɛ (Seme), is a Kru language of the Niger–Congo language family.
Nadel was born in Vienna, Austria the son of a lawyer.
Sigismund Wilhelm Kölle (July 14, 1820, Cleebronn-February 18, 1902, London) was a German missionary, and pioneer scholar of the languages of Africa.
The Songhay or Songhai languages are a group of closely related languages/dialects centred on the middle stretches of the Niger River in the West African countries of Mali, Niger, Benin, Burkina Faso and Nigeria.
The Songora or Shongora (pl. Basongora, sing. Musongora) also known as "Bacwezi", "Chwezi", Huma or "Bahuma") are a traditionally a pastoralist people of the Great Lakes region of Central Africa located in Western Uganda and Eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo. They have distinctive customs and speak 'Rusongora' an African language that is originates from Proto-Kordofanian and is similar to Runyankole and Rutoro. The Basongora population has reported as numbering 25,000 in 2015 in Uganda. Some Basongora also live in Eastern Congo. The colonial and neo-colonial governments in Central Africa instituted programs to encourage the Basongora to abandon their traditional lifestyle, and most of the territory traditionally owned by the Songora community has been appropriated for use as national parks or has been settled and occupied by other communities, notably the Batoro and Bakonzo. Also Songora territory has been partitioned into several districts and is distributed across Uganda and Congo. The traditional lifestyle of the Basongora is notable for its adaptation to dry savana and scrublands, as well as mountainous terrain.
The spotted hyena (Crocuta crocuta), also known as the laughing hyena, is a species of hyena, currently classed as the sole member of the genus Crocuta, native to Sub-Saharan Africa.
The Standard Alphabet is a Latin-script alphabet developed by Karl Richard Lepsius.
In linguistics, a stratum (Latin for "layer") or strate is a language that influences, or is influenced by another through contact.
In early 20th century classification of African languages, Sudanic was a generic term for languages spoken in the Sahel belt, from Ethiopia in the east to Senegal in the west.
The Tajuasohn language, also known as Tajuason, Tajuoso, and Tajuosohn, is a Kru language of the Niger–Congo language family.
Tawellemmet (Tawəlləmmət) is the largest of the Tuareg languages in the Berber branch of the Afroasiatic family.
Tefillin (Askhenazic:; Israeli Hebrew:, תפילין), also called phylacteries, are a set of small black leather boxes containing scrolls of parchment inscribed with verses from the Torah.
Théophile Obenga (born 1936) is an Egyptologist originally from Brazzaville, French Equatorial Africa, who is professor emeritus in the Africana Studies Center at San Francisco State University.
The Bronx is the northernmost of the five boroughs of New York City, in the U.S. state of New York.
The Languages of Africa is a 1963 book of essays by Joseph Greenberg, in which the author sets forth a genetic classification of African languages that, with some changes, continues to be the most commonly used one today.
The Penguin Book of Modern African Poetry (in an earlier 1963 edition Modern Poetry from Africa) is a 1984 poetry anthology edited by Gerald Moore and Ulli Beier.
Thierno Abdourahmane Bah (1916 – 22 September 2013) was Guinean writer, poet, Muslim theologian and Fula political personality of Fouta Djallon.
Thomas Cullen Young (1880–1955) was a Scottish Presbyterian anthropologist and missionary, who first started his missionary work in Malawi at the Livingstonia Mission in 1904.
Tomi Odunsi (born 24 May 1987) is a Nigerian television actress, singer and songwriter best known for playing "Salewa" in the television series, ''Tinsel''.
Tore Janson (born 1936) is a Swedish linguist and professor.
The United States of Africa is a proposed concept for a federation of some or all of the 55 sovereign states on the African continent.
The University of Florida College of Liberal Arts and Sciences (CLAS) is the college for the liberal arts and sciences of the University of Florida, and the largest of the university's 16 academic colleges.
The University of Zimbabwe (UZ) in Harare, is the oldest and top ranked university in Zimbabwe.
is a letter of the Latin alphabet, used in the phonetic transcription of African languages to represent a labiodental flap.
Volta–Congo is a hypothetical major branch of languages of the Niger–Congo family.
The waterbuck (Kobus ellipsiprymnus) is a large antelope found widely in sub-Saharan Africa.
White Africans are people of European descent residing in, or hailing from, Africa who identify themselves as (or are identified as) white.
Wilhelm Heinrich Immanuel Bleek (8 March 1827 – 17 August 1875) was a German linguist.
Women in Distress (WID) is a nationally accredited, state-certified, full service domestic violence center in Broward County, Florida.
Xhosa (Xhosa: isiXhosa) is a Nguni Bantu language with click consonants ("Xhosa" begins with a click) and one of the official languages of South Africa.
The Y Chromosome Haplotype Reference Database (YHRD) is an open access, annotated collection of population samples typed for Y chromosomal sequence variants.
Listed here are the human Y-chromosome DNA haplogroups found in various ethnic groups and populations from North Africa and Sahel (Tuaregs).
The proportions of various human Y-DNA haplogroups vary signicantly from one ethnic or language group to another in ' Africa.
Yebbo Communication Network is one of the oldest Ethiopian websites.
Ɀ (lowercase: ɀ) is a Latin letter z with a "swash tail" (encoded by Unicode, at codepoints U+2C7F for uppercase and U+0240 for lowercase) was used as a phonetic symbol by linguists studying African languages to represent a voiced labio-alveolar fricative.
Zulu (Zulu: isiZulu) is the language of the Zulu people, with about 10 million speakers, the vast majority (over 95%) of whom live in South Africa.
This article presents lists of the literary events and publications in 1854.
The 2010 FIFA World Cup was the 19th FIFA World Cup, the world championship for men's national association football teams.
African Language, African Languages, African language, African languages, African linguistics, Language of Africa, Language of africa, Languages in africa, Languages of africa, Linguistic demographics of Africa, List of African languages, List of african languages, List of languages by number of native speakers in Africa, Lists of languages by number of speakers in Africa, Unclassified languages of Africa.