1275 relations: 'Ali ibn al-'Abbas al-Majusi, Aśvaka, Abū Kāmil Shujāʿ ibn Aslam, Abbas ibn Firnas, Abolla, Abraham Ecchellensis, Abraham Gorlaeus, Abu Maʿshar, Acanthus, Achernar, Acroterion, Adel (name), Adolf, Affreca de Courcy, African rock python, Agatha of Sicily, Aghilas, Agostino Nifo, Ahmad ibn Yusuf, Al-Battani, Al-Zahrawi, Alangium, Alauna, Albion, Albireo, Alexios Apokaukos, Alexios Komnenos (co-emperor), Alexius, Algorithm, Allegory, Alnitak, Alpha Andromedae, Alpha Aquarii, Alpha Arae, Alpha Cancri, Alpha Capricorni, Alpha Cassiopeiae, Alpha Centauri, Alpha Cephei, Alpha Chamaeleontis, Alpha Comae Berenices, Alpha Coronae Australis, Alpha Coronae Borealis, Alpha Corvi, Alpha Crateris, Alpha Crucis, Alpha Delphini, Alpha Equulei, Alpha Fornacis, Alpha Gruis, ..., Alpha Herculis, Alpha Librae, Alpha Monocerotis, Alpha Pavonis, Alpha Pegasi, Alpha Piscium, Alpha Sagittae, Alpha Sagittarii, Alpha Sculptoris, Alpha Scuti, Alpha Serpentis, Alpha Telescopii, Alpha Trianguli, Alpha Trianguli Australis, Alpha Ursae Majoris, Alpha Vulpeculae, Alpha1 Capricorni, Alpha2 Capricorni, Alphard, Altair, Amazasp II of Iberia, Amazasp III of Iberia, Ambrosius Pelargus, Americas, Amerigo Vespucci, Amlawdd Wledig, Amomum, Amorium, Anamur, Ancient Greek, Anders Bendssøn Dall, Andrea Cesalpino, Andreas Moustoxydis, Andronikos Doukas (co-emperor), Andronikos I Komnenos, Andronikos II Palaiologos, Andronikos III Palaiologos, Andronikos IV Palaiologos, Andronikos Komnenos (son of John II), Andronikos Kontostephanos, Anguilla, Anna Komnene, Anonymus (chronicler), Ansegisus of Sens, Anselm of Gembloux, Ansonia, Connecticut, Antares, Antikyra, Antonio de Nebrija, Antun Vrančić, Arcturus, Ariana, Ariana (name), Armatus, Arsène, Artabasdos, Arthur, Aspacures I of Iberia, Aspacures II of Iberia, Asphalt, Ataulf, Aubert Miraeus, August W. 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Zeta Draconis, Zeta Eridani, Zeta Geminorum, Zeta Gruis, Zeta Horologii, Zeta Hydri, Zeta Leonis, Zeta Leporis, Zeta Mensae, Zeta Monocerotis, Zeta Pavonis, Zeta Pegasi, Zeta Phoenicis, Zeta Piscium, Zeta Puppis, Zeta Sagittarii, Zeta Sculptoris, Zeta Scuti, Zeta Serpentis, Zeta Tauri, Zeta Ursae Majoris, Zeta Virginis, Zeta1 Lyrae, Zeta1 Muscae, Zeta2 Muscae, Zodiac, 40 Eridani, 5254 Ulysses, 55 Cancri. 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'Ali ibn al-'Abbas al-Majusi (died 982–994), also known as Masoudi, or Latinized as Haly Abbas, was a Persian physician and psychologist from the Islamic Golden Age, most famous for the Kitab al-Maliki or Complete Book of the Medical Art, his textbook on medicine and psychology.
The Aśvakas (Sanskrit: अश्वक), also known as the Ashvakas, Aśvakayanas or Asvayanas and sometimes Latinised as Assacenii/Assacani, were a people who lived in what is now north-eastern Afghanistan and the Peshawar Valley.
(Latinized as Auoquamel, ابو كامل, also known as al-ḥāsib al-miṣrī—lit. "the Egyptian reckoner") (c. 850 – c. 930) was an Egyptian Muslim mathematician during the Islamic Golden Age.
Abu al-Qasim Abbas ibn Firnas ibn Wirdas al-Takurini (810–887 A.D.), also known as Abbas ibn Firnas (عباس بن فرناس), was an Andalusian polymath:Lynn Townsend White, Jr. (Spring, 1961).
An abolla was a cloak-like garment worn by Ancient Greeks and Romans.
Ibrahim al-Haqilani (February 18, 1605July 15, 1664; Latinized as Abraham Ecchellensis) was a Maronite Catholic philosopher and linguist involved in the translation of the Bible into Arabic.
Abraham van Goorle or, Latinized, Abraham Gorlaeus (ca. 1549 – 1608) was a Dutch antiquary of Flemish origin.
Abu Maʿshar, Latinized as Albumasar (also Albusar, Albuxar; full name Abū Maʿshar Jaʿfar ibn Muḥammad ibn ʿUmar al-Balkhī أبو معشر جعفر بن محمد بن عمر البلخي; –, AH 171–272), was an early Persian Muslim astrologer, thought to be the greatest astrologer of the Abbasid court in Baghdad.
Acanthus (plural: acanthus, rarely acanthuses in English, or acanthi in Latin), in its feminine form acantha (plura: acanthae), is the Latinised form of the ancient Greek word acanthos or akanthos, referring to the ''Acanthus'' plant.
Achernar is the name of the primary (or 'A') component of the binary system designated Alpha Eridani (α Eridani, abbreviated Alf Eri, α Eri), which is the brightest 'star' or point of light in, and lying at the southern tip of, the constellation of Eridanus, and the tenth-brightest in the night sky.
An acroterion or acroterium or akroteria is an architectural ornament placed on a flat pedestal called the acroter or plinth, and mounted at the apex or corner of the pediment of a building in the classical style.
Adel is a Germanic monothematic given name meaning "noble" or "nobility".
Adolf, also spelled Adolph and sometimes Latinised to Adolphus, is a given name used in German-speaking countries, in Scandinavia, in the Netherlands and Flanders and to a lesser extent in various Central European countries.
Affreca de Courcy or Affrica Guðrøðardóttir was a late 12th-/early 13th century noblewoman.
The African rock python (Python sebae) is a large, nonvenomous snake of sub-Saharan Africa.
Saint Agatha of Sicily (c. 231 – c. 251 AD) is a Christian saint and virgin martyr.
Aghilas or Aghiles is a Berber name mainly widespread in the Kabylie region of Algeria.
Agostino Nifo (Latinized as Agustinus Niphus or Augustinus Niphus; 1538 or 1545) was an Italian philosopher and commentator.
Abu Ja'far Ahmad ibn Yusuf ibn Ibrahim ibn Tammam al-Siddiq Al-Baghdadi (835–912), known in the West by his Latinized name Hametus, was an Arab mathematician, like his father Yusuf ibn Ibrahim (يوسف بن ابراهيم الصدَيق البغدادي).
Abū ʿAbd Allāh Muḥammad ibn Jābir ibn Sinān al-Raqqī al-Ḥarrānī aṣ-Ṣābiʾ al-Battānī (Arabic: محمد بن جابر بن سنان البتاني) (Latinized as Albategnius, Albategni or Albatenius) (c. 858 – 929) was an Arab astronomer, astrologer, and mathematician.
Abū al-Qāsim Khalaf ibn al-‘Abbās al-Zahrāwī al-Ansari (أبو القاسم خلف بن العباس الزهراوي;‎ 936–1013), popularly known as Al-Zahrawi (الزهراوي), Latinised as Abulcasis (from Arabic Abū al-Qāsim), was an Arab Muslim physician, surgeon and chemist who lived in Al-Andalus.
Alangium is a small genus of flowering plants.
Alauna is the feminine form of the Gaulish god Alaunus or (possiblyMonaghan, P. The Encyclopedia of Celtic Mythology and Folklore, p. 13. Facts on File (New York), 2002.-->) an unrelated Celtic river goddess in her own right.
Albion (Ἀλβιών) is the oldest known name of the island of Great Britain.
Albireo is the traditional name for the double star also designated Beta Cygni (β Cygni, abbreviated Beta Cyg, β Cyg), although the International Astronomical Union now regards the name as only applying to the brightest component.
Alexios Apokaukos (Ἀλέξιος Ἀπόκαυκος; died 1345), also Latinized as Alexius Apocaucus, was a leading Byzantine statesman and high-ranking military officer (megas doux) during the reigns of emperors Andronikos III Palaiologos (r. 1328–1341) and John V Palaiologos (r. 1341–1357).
Alexios Komnenos, latinised as Alexius Comnenus (Ἀλέξιος Κομνηνός), was the eldest son of the Byzantine emperor John II Komnenos and his wife Eirene of Hungary.
Alexius is the Latinized form of the given name Alexios (Αλέξιος, polytonic Ἀλέξιος, "defender", cf. Alexander), especially common in the later Byzantine Empire.
In mathematics and computer science, an algorithm is an unambiguous specification of how to solve a class of problems.
As a literary device, an allegory is a metaphor in which a character, place or event is used to deliver a broader message about real-world issues and occurrences.
Alnitak, designated Zeta Orionis (ζ Orionis, abbreviated Zeta Ori, ζ Ori) and 50 Orionis (50 Ori), is a multiple star several hundred parsecs from the Sun in the constellation of Orion.
Alpha Andromedae (α Andromedae, abbreviated Alpha And or α And), also named Alpheratz, is located 97 light-years from the Sun and is the brightest star in the constellation of Andromeda.
Alpha Aquarii (α Aquarii, abbreviated Alpha Aqr, α Aqr), also named Sadalmelik, is a single star in the constellation of Aquarius.
Alpha Arae, Latinized from α Arae, is the second brightest star in the southern constellation of Ara.
Alpha Cancri (α Cancri, abbreviated Alpha Cnc, α Cnc), also named Acubens, is a star system in the constellation of Cancer.
Alpha Capricorni (α Capricorni, abbreviated Alpha Cap, α Cap) is an optical double star in the constellation of Capricornus.
Alpha Cassiopeiae (α Cassiopeiae, abbreviated Alpha Cas, α Cas), also named Schedar, is a second magnitude star in the constellation of Cassiopeia.
Alpha Centauri (α Centauri, abbreviated Alf Cen or α Cen) is the star system closest to the Solar System, being from the Sun.
Alpha Cephei (α Cephei, abbreviated Alpha Cep, α Cep), also named Alderamin, is a second magnitude star in the constellation of Cepheus near the northern pole.
Alpha Chamaeleontis, Latinized from α Chamaeleontis, is a solitary star in the southern circumpolar constellation of Chamaeleon.
Alpha Comae Berenices (α Comae Berenices, abbreviated Alf Com, α Com) is a binary star in the constellation of Coma Berenices (Berenice's Hair).
Alpha Coronae Australis (α Coronae Australis, abbreviated Alf CrA, α CrA), also named Meridiana, is the brightest star in the constellation of Corona Australis and is located about 125 light-years from Earth.
Alpha Coronae Borealis (α Coronae Borealis, abbreviated Alpha CrB, α CrB), also named Alphecca, is a binary star in the constellation of Corona Borealis.
Alpha Corvi (α Corvi, abbreviated Alpha Crv, α Crv), also named Alchiba, is an F-type main-sequence star and the fifth-brightest star in the constellation of Corvus.
Alpha Crateris (α Crateris, abbreviated Alpha Crt, α Crt), also named Alkes, is a star in the constellation of Crater.
Alpha Crucis (α Crucis, abbreviated Alpha Cru, α Cru) is a multiple star system located 321 light-years from the Sun in the constellation of Crux and part of the asterism known as the Southern Cross.
Alpha Delphini (α Delphini, abbreviated Alpha Del, α Del) is a multiple star system in the constellation of Delphinus.
Alpha Equulei (α Equulei, abbreviated Alpha Equ, α Equ), also named Kitalpha, is a star in the constellation of Equuleus.
Alpha Fornacis, Latinized from α Fornacis, also designated 12 Eridani, is a binary star system in the southern constellation of Fornax.
Alpha Gruis, Latinized from α Gruis, also named Alnair, is the brightest star in the southern constellation of Grus.
Alpha Librae (α Librae, abbreviated Alpha Lib, α Lib), is a double star and despite its 'alpha' designation the second-brightest star in the constellation of Libra.
Alpha Monocerotis, Latinized from α Monocerotis, is the Bayer designation for the brightest star in the equatorial constellation of Monoceros.
Alpha Pavonis (α Pavonis, abbreviated Alpha Pav, α Pav), also named Peacock, is a binary star in the southern constellation of Pavo, near the border with the constellation Telescopium.
Alpha Pegasi (α Pegasi, abbreviated Alpha Peg, α Peg), also named Markab, is the third-brightest star in the constellation of Pegasus and one of the four stars in the asterism known as the Great Square of Pegasus.
Alpha Piscium (α Piscium) is a binary star system in the equatorial constellation of Pisces.
Alpha Sagittae (α Sagittae, abbreviated Alpha Sge, α Sge), also named Sham, is a star in the constellation of Sagitta.
Alpha Sagittarii (α Sagittarii, abbreviated Alpha Sgr, α Sgr), also named Rukbat, is a star in the constellation of Sagittarius.
Alpha Sculptoris, Latinized from α Sculptoris, is the Bayer designation for a blue-white star in the southern constellation of Sculptor.
Alpha Scuti, Latinized from α Scuti, is an orange-hued star in the southern constellation of Scutum.
Alpha Serpentis (α Serpentis, abbreviated Alpha Ser, α Ser), also named Unukalhai, is a double star in the head (Serpens Caput) of the equatorial constellation of Serpens.
Alpha Telescopii, Latinized from α Telescopii, is the brightest star in the northern constellation of Telescopium, with an apparent visual magnitude of 3.5.
Alpha Trianguli (α Trianguli, abbreviated Alpha Tri, α Tri), also named Mothallah, is a binary star in the constellation of Triangulum.
Alpha Trianguli Australis (α Trianguli Australis, abbreviated Alpha TrA, α TrA), also named Atria, is the brightest star in the southern constellation of Triangulum Australe, forming an apex of a triangle with Beta and Gamma Trianguli Australis that gives the constellation its name (Latin for southern triangle).
Alpha Ursae Majoris (α Ursae Majoris, abbreviated Alpha UMa, α UMa), also named Dubhe, is (despite being designated 'alpha') the second-brightest star in the constellation of Ursa Major.
Alpha Vulpeculae (α Vulpeculae, abbreviated Alf Vul, α Vul), also named Anser, is the brightest star in the constellation of Vulpecula.
Alpha1 Capricorni, Latinized from α1 Capricorni, is a double star in the southern constellation of Capricornus.
Alpha2 Capricorni (α2 Capricorni), or Algedi, is a triple star system in the southern constellation of Capricornus.
Alphard, also designated Alpha Hydrae (α Hydrae, abbreviated Alpha Hya, α Hya) is the brightest star in the constellation of Hydra.
Altair, also designated Alpha Aquilae (α Aquilae, abbreviated Alpha Aql, α Aql), is the brightest star in the constellation of Aquila and the twelfth brightest star in the night sky.
Amazasp II (ამაზასპი, sometimes Latinized as Amazaspus) was a king of Iberia (Kartli, modern central and eastern Georgia) and the last in the P’arnavaziani line according to the medieval Georgian chronicles.
Aamazasp III or Hamazasp (ამაზასპ III, Latinized as Amazaspus) was a king of Iberia (natively known as Kartli; ancient Georgia) from 260 to 265 AD.
Ambrosius Pelargus (c.1493 – 5 July 1561) was a German Dominican theologian.
The Americas (also collectively called America)"America." The Oxford Companion to the English Language.
Amerigo Vespucci (March 9, 1454February 22, 1512) was an Italian explorer, financier, navigator and cartographer.
Amlawdd Wledig (Middle Welsh and other alternative spellings present in relevant sources include Amlawd, Amlawt, Anlawdd, Anlawd, Amlodd, Amlwyd, Aflawdd and Anblaud) was a legendary king of sub-Roman Britain.
Amomum is a genus of plants native to China, the Indian subcontinent, Southeast Asia, New Guinea, and Queensland.
Amorium was a city in Phrygia, Asia Minor which was founded in the Hellenistic period, flourished under the Byzantine Empire, and declined after the Arab sack of 838.
Anamur is a town and district of the province of Mersin, on the Mediterranean coast of southern Turkey, between Antalya and the city of Mersin.
The Ancient Greek language includes the forms of Greek used in ancient Greece and the ancient world from around the 9th century BC to the 6th century AD.
Anders Bendssøn Dall (Latinized as Andreas Benedictus Dallinus) was a Danish Lutheran prelate of the Church of Norway who served as Bishop of Oslo from 1601 to 1607.
Andrea Cesalpino (Latinized as Andreas Cæsalpinus) (6 June 1519 – 23 February 1603) was an Italian physician, philosopher and botanist.
Andreas Moustoxydis (Ανδρέας Μουστοξύδης, 1785 – July 29, 1860), sometimes Latinized as Mustoxydes or in the Italian form Andrea Mustoxidi, was a Greek historian and philologist from Corfu.
Andronikos Doukas (Ἀνδρόνικος Δούκας), Latinized as Andronicus Ducas, was the third son of Byzantine emperor Constantine X Doukas (r. 1059–1067) and younger brother of Byzantine emperor Michael VII Doukas (r. 1071–1078).
Andronikos I Komnenos (Ανδρόνικος Αʹ Κομνηνός, Andrónikos I Komnēnós; – 12 September 1185), usually Latinized as Andronicus I Comnenus, was Byzantine Emperor from 1183 to 1185.
Andronikos II Palaiologos (Ἀνδρόνικος Βʹ Παλαιολόγος; 25 March 1259 – 13 February 1332), usually Latinized as Andronicus II Palaeologus, was Byzantine emperor from 11 December 1282 to 23 or 24 May 1328.
Andronikos III Palaiologos (Ανδρόνικος Γʹ Παλαιολόγος; 25 March 1297 – 15 June 1341), commonly Latinized as Andronicus III Palaeologus, was Byzantine emperor from 1328 to 1341.
Andronikos IV Palaiologos (Ἀνδρόνικος Δ' Παλαιολόγος; 11 April 1348 – 25/28 June 1385), often Latinized as Andronicus IV Palaeologus, was the eldest son of Emperor John V Palaiologos.
Andronikos Komnenos (Ἀνδρόνικος Κομνηνός) (– 1142), Latinized as Andronicus Comnenus, was a Byzantine prince of the Komnenian dynasty.
Andronikos Komnenos Kontostephanos (Ἀνδρόνικος Κομνηνός Κοντοστέφανος; ca. 1132/33 – after 1183), Latinized Andronicus Contostephanus, was a major figure in the Byzantine (Eastern Roman) Empire during the reign of his uncle Manuel I Komnenos as a general, admiral, politician and a leading aristocrat.
Anguilla is a British overseas territory in the Caribbean.
Anna Komnene (Ἄννα Κομνηνή, Ánna Komnēnḗ; 1 December 1083 – 1153), commonly latinized as Anna Comnena, was a Byzantine princess, scholar, physician, hospital administrator, and historian.
Anonymus Bele regis notarius ("Anonymous Notary of King Bela") or Master P. (late 12th century – early 13th century) was the notary and chronicler of a Hungarian King, probably Béla III.
Ansegisus (the Latinized form of Ansegis) was a Benedictine monk, Abbot of St.
Anselm of Gembloux, Latinized Anselmus Gemblacensis (died 22 February 1136) was abbot of Gembloux Abbey 1115–1136, and continuator of the chronicle of Sigebert of Gembloux.
Ansonia is a city in New Haven County, Connecticut, United States, on the Naugatuck River, immediately north of Derby, and about northwest of New Haven.
Antares, also designated Alpha Scorpii (α Scorpii, abbreviated Alpha Sco, α Sco), is on average the fifteenth-brightest star in the night sky, and the brightest star in the constellation of Scorpius.
Antikyra or Anticyra (Αντίκυρα) is a port on the north coast of the Gulf of Corinth in modern Boeotia, Greece.
Antonio de Nebrija (14415 July 1522), also known as Antonio de Lebrija, Elio Antonio de Lebrija, Antonius Nebrissensis, and Antonio of Lebrixa, was a Spanish Renaissance scholar.
Antun Vrančić or Antonio Veranzio (May 29, 1504 – June 15, 1573) was a Croatian prelate, writer, diplomat and Archbishop of Esztergom of the 16th century.
Ariana, the Latinized form of the Ancient Greek Ἀρ(ε)ιανή Ar(e)ianē (inhabitants: Ariani; Ἀρ(ε)ιανοί Ar(e)ianoi), was a general geographical term used by some Greek and Roman authors of the ancient period for a district of wide extent between Central Asia and the Indus River, compromising the eastern provinces of the Achaemenid Empire that covered the whole of modern-day Afghanistan, as well as the easternmost part of Iran and up to the Indus River in Pakistan (former Northern India).
Ariana is a feminine Persian name, popular in many languages.
Flavius Armatus (died 477), also known as Harmatius, was a Byzantine military commander, magister militum under Emperors Leo I, Basiliscus and Zeno, and consul.
Arsène is a masculine French given name.
Artavasdos or Artabasdos (Ἀρταύασδος or Ἀρτάβασδος, from Armenian: Արտավազդ, Artavazd, Ardavazt), Latinized as Artabasdus, was a Byzantine general of Armenian descent who seized the throne from June 741 or 742 until November 743.
Arthur is a common masculine given name.
Aspagur I (ასფაგურ I, Latinized as Aspacures), of the Arsacid dynasty, was a king of Iberia (natively known as Kartli; ancient Georgia) from 265 to 284.
Aspacures II (or Varaz-Bakur I, ვარაზ-ბაკურ I), of the Chosroid Dynasty, was the king of Iberia (Kartli, eastern Georgia) from c. 363 to 365.
Asphalt, also known as bitumen, is a sticky, black, and highly viscous liquid or semi-solid form of petroleum.
Ataulf (also Athavulf, Atawulf, or Athaulf, Latinized as Ataulphus) (37015 August 415) was king of the Visigoths from 411 to 415.
Aubert le Mire, Latinized Aubertus Miraeus (30 November 1573 – 19 October 1640) was an ecclesiastical historian in the Spanish Netherlands.
August Wilhelm Eichler, also known under his Latinized name, Augustus Guilielmus Eichler (22 April 1839 – 2 March 1887), was a German botanist who developed a new system of classification of plants to reflect the concept of evolution.
Authors of piyyut are known as paytanim (singular: paytan).
Avempace (– 1138) is the Latinate form of Ibn Bâjja (ابن باجه), full name Abû Bakr Muḥammad Ibn Yaḥyà ibn aṣ-Ṣâ’igh at-Tûjîbî Ibn Bâjja al-Tujibi (أبو بكر محمد بن يحيى بن الصائغ), was an Arab Andalusian polymath: his writings include works regarding astronomy, physics, and music, as well as philosophy, medicine, botany, and poetry.
Ibn Rushd (ابن رشد; full name; 1126 – 11 December 1198), often Latinized as Averroes, was an Andalusian philosopher and thinker who wrote about many subjects, including philosophy, theology, medicine, astronomy, physics, Islamic jurisprudence and law, and linguistics.
Avicenna (also Ibn Sīnā or Abu Ali Sina; ابن سینا; – June 1037) was a Persian polymath who is regarded as one of the most significant physicians, astronomers, thinkers and writers of the Islamic Golden Age.
In Old Norse, ǫ́ss (or áss, ás, plural æsir; feminine ásynja, plural ásynjur) is a member of the principal pantheon in Norse religion.
Ústí nad Labem, formerly known by its German name Aussig, is the 7th-most populous city of the Czech Republic.
The Üechtland is a region in western Switzerland, where the cities of Bern and Fribourg are located.
Baal,Oxford English Dictionary (1885), "" properly Baʿal, was a title and honorific meaning "lord" in the Northwest Semitic languages spoken in the Levant during antiquity. From its use among people, it came to be applied to gods. Scholars previously associated the theonym with solar cults and with a variety of unrelated patron deities, but inscriptions have shown that the name Baʿal was particularly associated with the storm and fertility god Hadad and his local manifestations. The Hebrew Bible, compiled and curated over a span of centuries, includes early use of the term in reference to God (known to them as Yahweh), generic use in reference to various Levantine deities, and finally pointed application towards Hadad, who was decried as a false god. That use was taken over into Christianity and Islam, sometimes under the opprobrious form Beelzebub in demonology.
Baalbek, properly Baʿalbek (بعلبك) and also known as Balbec, Baalbec or Baalbeck, is a city in the Anti-Lebanon foothills east of the Litani River in Lebanon's Beqaa Valley, about northeast of Beirut and about north of Damascus.
Bacteria (common noun bacteria, singular bacterium) is a type of biological cell.
Bacurius (ბაკური Bakur) is a Latinized version of the Iranian-derived Georgian male given name.
Bakur I (ბაკურ I, Latinized as Bacurius), of the Arsacid dynasty, was a king of Iberia (natively known as Kartli; ancient Georgia) from 234 to 249.
Bakur II (ბაკურ II, Latinized as Bacurius), of the Chosroid Dynasty, was a king of Iberia (natively known as Kartli; ancient Georgia) from 534 to 547.
Bakur III (ბაკურ III, Latinized as Bacurius) (died 580) was the last Chosroid king of Iberia (natively known as Kartli; ancient Georgia) upon whose death the Iberian monarchy was abolished by Sassanid Iran.
Bakur, also known as Pacorus or Aurelius Pacorus (Latinized: Bacurius, Aurelius Pacorus Αύρήλιος Πάκορος.) was a Parthian Prince who served as one of the Kings of Armenia in the 2nd century.
Gregory Bar Hebraeus (122630 July 1286), also known by his Latin name Abulpharagius or Syriac name Mor Gregorios Bar Ebraya, was a maphrian-catholicos (Chief bishop of Persia) of the Syriac Orthodox Church in the 13th century.
Bartholomaeus Schwartz (latinised to Bartholomaeus Nigrinus) (1595–1646) was pastor of the St. Peter and St. Paul's Church in Danzig (Gdańsk), Royal Prussia (now Poland).
Bartolomeo di ser Gorello (1322/26 – ca. 1390), also known by the Latinized name Bartholomeus Gorellus, was an Italian notary who wrote a town chronicle of Arezzo in Italian verse.
Bartolomeo Facio (c. before 1410 – 1457), Latinized as Bartholomaus Facius, was an Italian historian, writer and humanist.
Basina or Basine (c. 438 – 477) was a queen of Thuringia in the middle of the fifth century.
The Battle of Philomelion (Latinised as Philomelium - modern Akşehir) of 1116 consisted of series of clashes over a number of days between a Byzantine expeditionary army under Emperor Alexios I Komnenos and the forces of the Sultanate of Rûm under Sultan Malik Shah; it occurred in the course of the Byzantine-Seljuq wars.
Bernard of Utrecht (also Bernard d'Utrecht, Latinised Bernardus Ultrajectensis) was a cleric of the late eleventh century, known for an allegorical commentary on the Eclogue of Theodulus, a standard Latin school text.
Bernardus is a Latinized form of the Germanic name Bernard.
Beta Aquarii (β Aquarii, abbreviated Beta Aqr, β Aqr) is a double star in the constellation of Aquarius.
Beta Aquilae, Latinized from β Aquilae (abbreviated Beta Aql or β Aql) is a binary star in the equatorial constellation of Aquila.
Beta Boötis (β Boötis, abbreviated Beta Boo, β Boo), also named Nekkar, is a star in the northern constellation of Boötes.
Beta Camelopardalis, Latinized from β Camelopardalis, is the brightest star in the northern constellation of Camelopardalis.
Beta Cancri (β Cancri, abbreviated Beta Cnc, β Cnc), also named Tarf, is the brightest star in the zodiacal constellation of Cancer.
Beta Canis Minoris (β Canis Minoris, abbreviated Beta CMi, β CMi), also named Gomeisa, is a star in the constellation of Canis Minor.
Beta Canum Venaticorum (β Canum Venaticorum, abbreviated Beta CVn, β CVn), also named Chara, is a G-type main-sequence star in the northern constellation of Canes Venatici.
Beta Capricorni (β Capricorni, abbreviated Beta Cap, β Cap) is a multiple star system in the constellation of Capricornus and located 328 light years from the Sun.
Beta Carinae (β Carinae, abbreviated Beta Car, β Car), also named Miaplacidus, is the second brightest star in the constellation of Carina and one of the brightest stars in the night sky, with apparent magnitude 1.68.
Beta Centauri (β Centauri, abbreviated Beta Cen, β Cen), also named Agena and Hadar, is a triple star system in the southern constellation of Centaurus.
Beta Cephei (β Cephei, abbreviated Beta Cep, β Cep), also named Alfirk, is a third magnitude star in the constellation of Cepheus.
Beta Ceti (β Ceti, abbreviated Beta Cet, β Cet), also named Diphda, is the brightest star in the constellation of Cetus.
Beta Chamaeleontis, Latinized from β Chamaeleontis, is a B-type main sequence star and is the third-brightest star in the constellation of Chamaeleon.
Beta Circini, Latinized from β Circini, is an A-type main sequence star and is the second-brightest star in the constellation of Circinus.
Beta Coronae Australis, Latinized from β Coronae Australis, is a K-type bright giant star in the constellation of Corona Australis.
Beta Coronae Borealis (β Coronae Borealis, abbreviated Beta CrB, β CrB) is a binary star in the constellation of Corona Borealis.
Beta Corvi (β Corvi, abbreviated Beta Crv, β Crv), also named Kraz, is the second-brightest star in the southern constellation of Corvus with an apparent visual magnitude of 2.647.
Beta Crateris, Latinized from β Crateris, is a binary star system in the southern constellation of Crater.
Beta Crucis (β Crucis, abbreviated Beta Cru, β Cru), also named Mimosa, is a binary star system; the second-brightest star in the constellation of Crux (after Alpha Crucis or Acrux) and the 19th-brightest star in the night sky.
Beta Delphini (β Delphini, abbreviated Beta Del, β Del) is a binary star in the constellation of Delphinus.
Beta Draconis (β Draconis, abbreviated Beta Dra, β Dra) is a binary star and the third-brightest star in the northern circumpolar constellation of Draco.
Beta Equulei, Latinized from β Equulei, is the Bayer designation for a solitary star in the northern constellation of Equuleus.
Beta Gruis (β Gruis, abbreviated Bet Gru, β Gru), also named Tiaki, is the second brightest star in the southern constellation of Grus.
Beta Herculis (β Herculis, abbreviated Beta Her, β Her), also named Kornephoros, is a binary star and the brightest star in the northern constellation of Hercules at a base apparent visual magnitude of 2.81.
Beta Horologii, Latinized from β Horologii, is the third-brightest star in the southern constellation of Horologium.
Beta Librae (β Librae, abbreviated Beta Lib, β Lib), also named Zubeneschamali, is (despite its 'beta' designation) the brightest star in the zodiac constellation of Libra.
Beta Lyrae (Latinized from β Lyrae, abbreviated Beta Lyr, β Lyr), also named Sheliak, is a binary star system approximately from the Sun in the constellation of Lyra.
Beta Mensae, Latinized from β Mensae, is the third-brightest star in the constellation of Mensa.
Beta Muscae, Latinized from β Muscae, is a binary star in the southern circumpolar constellation of Musca.
Beta Octantis, Latinized from β Octantis, is a probable astrometric binary star system in the southern circumpolar constellation of Octans.
Beta Ophiuchi (β Ophiuchi, abbreviated Beta Oph, β Oph), also named Cebalrai, is a star in the equatorial constellation of Ophiuchus.
Beta Pavonis, Latinized from β Pavonis, is a single, white-hued star in the southern constellation of Pavo.
Beta Pegasi (β Pegasi, abbreviated Beta Peg, β Peg), also named Scheat, is a red giant star and the second-brightest star (after Epsilon Pegasi) in the constellation of Pegasus.
Beta Sagittae, Latinized from β Sagittae, is a single star in the northern constellation of Sagitta.
Beta Sagittarii (β Sagittarii, abbreviated Beta Sgr, β Sgr) is the common designation shared by two star systems in the constellation of Sagittarius, themselves designated β1 Sagittarii (itself a probable binary star) and β2 Sagittarii.
Beta Scorpii (β Scorpii, abbreviated Beta Sco, β Sco) is a multiple star system in the southern zodiac constellation of Scorpius.
Beta Sculptoris, Latinized from β Sculptoris, is a single, blue-white hued star in the southern constellation of Sculptor.
Beta Scuti, Latinized from β Scuti, is a binary star system in the southern constellation Scutum.
Beta Serpentis, Latinized from β Serpentis, is a binary star system in the constellation Serpens, in its head (Serpens Caput).
Beta Sextantis, Latinized from β Sextantis, is a variable star in the equatorial constellation of Sextans.
Beta Trianguli Australis, Latinized from β Trianguli Australis, is a double star in the southern circumpolar constellation of Triangulum Australe.
Beta Ursae Majoris (β Ursae Majoris, abbreviated Beta UMa, β UMa), also named Merak, is a star in the northern circumpolar constellation of Ursa Major.
Beta Ursae Minoris (β Ursae Minoris, abbreviated Beta UMi, β UMi), also named Kochab, is the brightest star in the bowl of the Little Dipper asterism (which is part of the constellation of Ursa Minor), and only slightly fainter than Polaris, the northern pole star and brightest star in Ursa Minor.
Beta Virginis (β Virginis, abbreviated Beta Vir, β Vir), also named Zavijava, is (despite its designation 'beta') the fifth-brightest star in the constellation of Virgo.
Beta Volantis, Latinized from β Volantis, is the brightest star of the southern constellation of Volans.
Beta¹ Sagittarii (β¹ Sagittarii, abbreviated Beta¹ Sgr, β¹ Sgr) is a binary star system in the zodiac constellation of Sagittarius.
Beta² Sagittarii (β² Sagittarii, abbreviated Beta² Sgr, β² Sgr) is a star in the zodiac constellation of Sagittarius.
Betelgeuse, also designated Alpha Orionis (α Orionis, abbreviated Alpha Ori, α Ori), is the ninth-brightest star in the night sky and second-brightest in the constellation of Orion.
Binomial nomenclature ("two-term naming system") also called nomenclature ("two-name naming system") or binary nomenclature, is a formal system of naming species of living things by giving each a name composed of two parts, both of which use Latin grammatical forms, although they can be based on words from other languages.
Saint Blathmac (Blathmacus, Florentius) was a distinguished Irish monk, born in Ireland about 750 AD.
The blue iguana (Cyclura lewisi), also known as the Grand Cayman iguana, Grand Cayman blue iguana or Cayman Island blue iguana, is an endangered species of lizard endemic to the island of Grand Cayman.
Boeotia, sometimes alternatively Latinised as Boiotia, or Beotia (Βοιωτία,,; modern transliteration Voiotía, also Viotía, formerly Cadmeis), is one of the regional units of Greece.
Bonaparte's gull (Chroicocephalus philadelphia) is a member of the gull family Laridae found mainly in northern North America.
Traditionally, born in the purple was a category of members of royal families born during the reign of their parent.
A bottle is a narrow-necked container as compared with a jar.
Boudica (Latinised as Boadicea or Boudicea, and known in Welsh as Buddug) was a queen of the British Celtic Iceni tribe who led an uprising against the occupying forces of the Roman Empire in AD 60 or 61, and died shortly after its failure, having supposedly poisoned herself.
Britannia has been used in several different senses.
A brocard is a legal maxim in Latin that is, in a strict sense, derived from traditional legal authorities, even from ancient Rome.
The bucentaur (bucintoro in Italian and Venetian) was the state barge of the doges of Venice.
Butter is a dairy product containing up to 80% butterfat (in commercial products) which is solid when chilled and at room temperature in some regions and liquid when warmed.
Byzantium or Byzantion (Ancient Greek: Βυζάντιον, Byzántion) was an ancient Greek colony in early antiquity that later became Constantinople, and later Istanbul.
Caer (cair or kair) is a placename element in Welsh meaning "stronghold", "fortress", or "citadel", roughly equivalent to the Old English suffix now variously written as and.
Cambodunum is a Latinized Celtic placename.
Camellia sinensis is a species of evergreen shrub or small tree whose leaves and leaf buds are used to produce tea.
Camulodunum (camvlodvnvm), the Ancient Roman name for what is now Colchester in Essex, was an important town in Roman Britain, and the first capital of the province.
Camulus or Camulos was a theonym for a deity of the Celts that the Romans equated with Mars in the interpretatio Romanum.
In music, a canon is a contrapuntal (counterpoint-based) compositional technique that employs a melody with one or more imitations of the melody played after a given duration (e.g., quarter rest, one measure, etc.). The initial melody is called the leader (or dux), while the imitative melody, which is played in a different voice, is called the follower (or comes).
Canopus, also designated Alpha Carinae (α Carinae, abbreviated Alpha Car, α Car), is the brightest star in the southern constellation of Carina, and the second-brightest star in the night-time sky, after Sirius.
Canopus, also known as Canobus, was an Ancient Egyptian coastal town, located in the Nile Delta.
The Cantabri (Καντάβροι, Kantabroi) or Ancient Cantabrians, were a pre-Roman people, probably Celtic or pre-Celtic European, and large tribal federation that lived in the northern coastal region of ancient Iberia in the second half of the first millennium BC.
Canthium is a genus of flowering plants in the Rubiaceae family.
Capella, also designated Alpha Aurigae (α Aurigae, abbreviated Alpha Aur, α Aur), is the brightest star in the constellation of Auriga, the sixth-brightest in the night sky, and the third-brightest in the northern celestial hemisphere after Arcturus and Vega.
Caradog, Caradoc, Caradawg, or Cradawg, latinised as Caratacus and anglicised as Craddock, is a given name for men in the Welsh language.
Cardamom, sometimes cardamon or cardamum, is a spice made from the seeds of several plants in the genera Elettaria and Amomum in the family Zingiberaceae.
Carme, the Latinized form of Greek Karmē (Κάρμη "shearer"), was a female Cretan spirit who assisted the grain harvest of Demeter's Cretan predecessor.
A Cartesian coordinate system is a coordinate system that specifies each point uniquely in a plane by a pair of numerical coordinates, which are the signed distances to the point from two fixed perpendicular directed lines, measured in the same unit of length.
Castor, also designated Alpha Geminorum (α Geminorum, abbreviated Alpha Gem, α Gem) is the second-brightest star in the constellation of Gemini and one of the brightest stars in the night sky.
In ancient Greece and Rome, a catamite (Latin catamitus) was a pubescent boy who was the intimate companion of a young man, usually in a pederastic relationship – in the broadest sense.
A cataphract was a form of armored heavy cavalry used in ancient warfare by a number of peoples in Europe, East Asia, Middle East and North africa.
Cathrinus is a Latinized masculine version of the feminine name Katherine.
Celery (Apium graveolens) is a marshland plant in the family Apiaceae that has been cultivated as a vegetable since antiquity.
Cesare Cremonini, sometimes Cesare Cremonino (22 December 1550 – 19 July 1631) was an Italian professor of natural philosophy, working rationalism (against revelation) and Aristotelian materialism (against the dualist immortality of the soul) inside scholasticism.
In Ancient Greek, the word kētos (κῆτος, plural kētē or kētea, κήτη or κήτεα)—Latinized as cetus (pl. cetea)—denotes a large fish, a whale, a shark, or a sea monster.
Chaldea or Chaldaea was a Semitic-speaking nation that existed between the late 10th or early 9th and mid-6th centuries BC, after which it and its people were absorbed and assimilated into Babylonia.
Charles is a masculine given name from the French form Charles of a Germanic name Karl.
Franz Karl Hofmann, later Charles Hofmann (176324 May 1823) was a Dutch musician and composer.
Charles XII, also Carl (Karl XII; 17 June 1682 – 30 November 1718 O.S.), Latinized to Carolus Rex, was the King of Sweden from 1697 to 1718.
Chi Aquarii, Latinized from χ Aquarii, is the Bayer designation of a star in the equatorial constellation of Aquarius.
Chi Boötis, Latinized as χ Boötis, is a single, white-hued star in the constellation Boötes.
Chi Capricorni, Latinized from χ Capricorni, is a star in the southern constellation of Capricornus.
Chi Carinae, Latinized from χ Carinae, is a star in the southern constellation of Carina.
Chi Herculis, Latinized from χ Herculis, is a Sun-like star in the northern constellation of Hercules.
Chi Leonis, Latinized from χ Leonis, is a double star in the constellation Leo.
Chi Ursae Majoris (χ Ursae Majoris, abbreviated Chi UMa, χ UMa), also named Taiyangshou, is a star in the constellation of Ursa Major.
Christie's big-eared bat (Plecotus christii), also known as the Egyptian long-eared bat or gray long-eared bat, is a species of vesper bat in the family Vespertilionidae.
Chromis abyssus is a species of damselfish first discovered in 1997 and described in 2008.
Chronos (Χρόνος, "time",, also transliterated as Khronos or Latinised as Chronus) is the personification of Time in pre-Socratic philosophy and later literature.
Circassia (Адыгэ Хэку, Черке́сия, ჩერქეზეთი, شيركاسيا, Çerkesya) is a region in the and along the northeast shore of the Black Sea.
The Circassians (Черкесы Čerkesy), also known by their endonym Adyghe (Circassian: Адыгэхэр Adygekher, Ады́ги Adýgi), are a Northwest Caucasian nation native to Circassia, many of whom were displaced in the course of the Russian conquest of the Caucasus in the 19th century, especially after the Russian–Circassian War in 1864.
Civitas Schinesghe is the first recorded name related to Poland as a political entity (the name is a Latinization of hrady knezske or grody książęce, "ducal forts/oppidia") first attested in 991/2.
Clapton in Gordano is a village and civil parish in Somerset, England.
The cleftbelly trevally (Atropus atropos) (also known as the cleftbelly kingfish, Kuweh trevally and thin crevalle) is a species of tropical marine fish of the jack family, Carangidae.
A clerk is a white-collar worker who conducts general office tasks, or a worker who performs similar sales-related tasks in a retail environment (a retail clerk).
Clytemnestra (Κλυταιμνήστρα, Klytaimnḗstra) was the wife of Agamemnon and queen of Mycenae (or sometimes Argos) in ancient Greek legend.
Codex Basilensis A. N. IV.
Codex Seraphinianus, originally published in 1981, is an illustrated encyclopedia of an imaginary world, created by the Italian artist, architect, and industrial designer Luigi Serafini during thirty months, from 1976 to 1978.
A coffin is a funerary box used for viewing or keeping a corpse, either for burial or cremation.
Colobops is a genus of reptile from the Late Triassic of Connecticut.
The large bird genus Columba comprises a group of medium to large stout-bodied pigeons, often referred to as the typical pigeons.
Columnea is a genus of ca.
Columnea consanguinea is a species of flowering plants in the genus Columnea.
A comet is an icy small Solar System body that, when passing close to the Sun, warms and begins to release gases, a process called outgassing.
In biology, a common name of a taxon or organism (also known as a vernacular name, English name, colloquial name, trivial name, trivial epithet, country name, popular name, or farmer's name) is a name that is based on the normal language of everyday life; this kind of name is often contrasted with the scientific name for the same organism, which is Latinized.
Connor is an Irish/Scottish male given name, anglicised from the compound Irish word "Conchobhar", meaning "commander of hounds" in Irish, or "Chief who gives aid" in Scottish.
Conrad Lycosthenes (Conrad Wolffhart) (8 August 1518 — 25 March 1561) was an Alsatian humanist and encyclopedist.
Conradus is a masculine given name.
Constantine Doukas (Κωνσταντίνος Δούκας, Kōnstantinos Doukas), Latinized as Ducas, was ruler of Thessaly from ca.
Constantine IX Monomachos, Latinized as Constantine IX Monomachus (translit; c. 1000 – 11 January 1055), reigned as Byzantine emperor from June 11, 1042 to January 11, 1055.
Constantine XI Dragases Palaiologos, Latinized as Palaeologus (Κωνσταντῖνος ΙΑ' Δραγάσης Παλαιολόγος, Kōnstantinos XI Dragasēs Palaiologos; 8 February 1405 – 29 May 1453) was the last reigning Byzantine Emperor, ruling as a member of the Palaiologos dynasty from 1449 to his death in battle at the fall of Constantinople in 1453.
Cor Caroli is the traditional name for the binary star also designated Alpha Canum Venaticorum (α Canum Venaticorum, abbreviated Alpha CVn, α CVn), although the International Astronomical Union now regards the name as only applying to the brightest component.
Cornelius Jansen (Latinized name Cornelius Jansenius; also Corneille Janssens; 28 October 1585 – 6 May 1638) was the Dutch Catholic bishop of Ypres in Flanders and the father of a theological movement known as Jansenism.
Cornwall (Kernow) is a county in South West England in the United Kingdom.
Corvulus (also Corvolus) was the Duke of Friuli for a brief spell in the early eighth century AD (probably 705 or 706).
Cuilén (also Culén, Cuilean; died 971) was an early King of Alba (Scotland).
Cunedagius (Latinized form; Cunedda) was a legendary king of the Britons, as recounted by Geoffrey of Monmouth.
The genus Cupressus is one of several genera within the family Cupressaceae that have the common name cypress; for the others, see cypress.
Cutter is a surname.
The Lesser Caymans iguana (Cyclura nubila caymanensis), also known as the Cayman Brac iguana, Cayman Island brown iguana or Sister Isles iguana, is a critically endangered subspecies of the Cuban iguana (Cyclura nubila).
Cyclura ricordi, commonly known as the Hispaniolan ground iguana, Ricord's ground iguana, Ricord's iguana, or Ricord's rock iguana, is a critically endangered species of rock iguana.
A cymbal is a common percussion instrument.
Cypress is a common name for various coniferous trees or shrubs of northern temperate regions that belong to the family Cupressaceae.
The Czechoslovak Socialist Republic (Czech/Slovak: Československá socialistická republika, ČSSR) ruled Czechoslovakia from 1948 until 23 April 1990, when the country was under Communist rule.
Dalsland is a Swedish traditional province, or landskap, situated in Götaland in southern Sweden.
Damian, also spelled Damien, Daymian, Daman, Damon, Daemon, Damien, Daymein, Дамиан (Damian), Damiano, Demian, Дамјан (Damjan), Damião, Дамян (Damyan), Демьян (Demyan), دامون (Dāmun), دیمون (Deymun), دامیان (Dāmyān/Dāmiān), etc., is a given name that comes from Damianus, which is the latinisation of the Greek name Δαμιανός (Damianos), derived from the Greek word δαμάζω (damazo), "to conquer, master, overcome, tame", in the form of δαμάω/-ώ (damao), a form assumed as the 1st pers.
Daniel Santbech (fl. 1561) was a Dutch mathematician and astronomer.
David van Goorle"Junior" is seldom added to his name.
The Davidiad (also known as the Davidias) is the name of a neo-Latin heroic epic poem by the Croatian national poet and Renaissance humanist Marko Marulić (whose name is sometimes Latinized as "Marcus Marulus").
De Gradibus was an Arabic book published by the Arab physician Al-Kindi (c. 801–873 CE).
De Groot is a surname of Dutch origin.
, in old Western documents Latinised as Deshima, Decima, Desjima, Dezima, Disma, or Disima, was a Dutch trading post notable for being the single place of direct trade and exchange between Japan and the outside world during the Edo period. It was a small fan-shaped artificial island formed by digging a canal through a small peninsula in the bay of Nagasaki in 1634 by local merchants. Dejima was built to constrain foreign traders. Originally built to house Portuguese traders, it was used by the Dutch as a trading post from 1641 until 1853. Covering an area of or, it was later integrated into the city through the process of land reclamation. In 1922, the "Dejima Dutch Trading Post" was designated a Japanese national historic site.
Delta Aquarii (δ Aquarii, abbreviated Delta Aqr, δ Aqr), also named Skat, is the third-brightest star in the constellation of Aquarius.
Delta Arae, Latinized from δ Arae, is the Bayer designation for a double star in the southern constellation Ara.
Delta Arietis (δ Arietis, abbreviated Delta Ari, δ Ari), also named Botein, is a star in the northern constellation of Aries.
Delta Cancri (δ Cancri, abbreviated Delta Cnc, δ Cnc) is a double star approximately 180 light-years from the Sun in the constellation of Cancer.
Delta Canis Majoris (δ Canis Majoris, abbreviated Delta CMa, δ CMa), also named Wezen, is a star in the constellation of Canis Major.
Delta Capricorni (δ Capricorni, abbreviated Del Cap, δ Cap) is a multiple star system approximately 39 light-years away in the constellation of Capricornus (the Sea Goat).
Delta Cassiopeiae (δ Cassiopeiae, abbreviated Delta Cas, δ Cas) is an eclipsing binary star system in the northern circumpolar constellation of Cassiopeia.
Delta Centauri, Latinized from δ Centauri, is a star in the southern constellation of Centaurus.
Delta Ceti, Latinized from δ Ceti, is a single, blue-white hued star in the equatorial constellation of Cetus.
Delta Coronae Borealis, Latinized from δ Coronae Borealis, is a star in the constellation Corona Borealis.
Delta Corvi (δ Corvi, abbreviated Delta Crv, δ Crv), also named Algorab, is a third magnitude star at a distance of from the Sun in the southern constellation of Corvus.
Delta Cygni (δ Cygni, abbreviated Delta Cyg, δ Cyg) is a binary star of a combined third-magnitude in the constellation of Cygnus and part of the Southern Cross asterism (whose brightest star is Deneb).
Delta Delphini, Latinized from δ Delphini, is a binary star in the northern constellation of Delphinus.
Delta Draconis (δ Draconis, abbreviated Delta Dra, δ Dra), also named Altais, is a yellow star in the constellation of Draco.
Delta Equulei, Latinized from δ Equulei, is the second brightest star in the constellation Equuleus.
Delta Fornacis, Latinized from δ Fornacis, is a solitary star near the middle of the southern constellation of Fornax.
Delta Geminorum (δ Geminorum, abbreviated Delta Gem, δ Gem), also named Wasat, is a triple star system in the constellation of Gemini.
Delta Herculis (δ Herculis, abbreviated Delta Her, δ Her) is a multiple star system in the constellation of Hercules.
Delta Hydrae, Latinized from δ Hydrae, is a double star in the equatorial constellation of Hydra.
Delta Hydri, Latinized from δ Hydri, is a single, white-hued star in the southern constellation of Hydrus.
Delta Indi, Latinized from δ Indi, is a binary star system in the southern constellation of Indus.
Delta Leonis (δ Leonis, abbreviated Delta Leo, δ Leo), also named Zosma, is a star in the zodiac constellation of Leo.
Delta Librae, Latinized from δ Librae, is a variable star in the constellation Libra.
Delta Muscae, Latinized from δ Muscae, often catalogued as HD 112985, is a spectroscopic binary star system and the closest to the Earth in the southern hemisphere constellation of Musca (the Fly) at a distance of approximately 27.8 parsecs (91.0 light years).
Delta Normae, Latinized from δ Normae, is a star system in the southern constellation of Norma.
Delta Ophiuchi (δ Ophiuchi, abbreviated Delta Oph, δ Oph), also named Yed Prior, is a star in the constellation of Ophiuchus.
Delta Phoenicis, Latinized from δ Phoenicis, is a single, yellow-hued star in the southern constellation of Phoenix.
Delta Sagittarii (δ Sagittarii, abbreviated Delta Sgr, δ Sgr), also named Kaus Media, is a double star in the southern zodiac constellation of Sagittarius.
Delta Scorpii (δ Scorpii, abbreviated Delta Sco, δ Sco) is a binary star (the presence of a third star in the system is still being debated) in the constellation of Scorpius.
Delta Ursae Majoris (δ Ursae Majoris, abbreviated Delta UMa, δ UMa), also named Megrez, is a star in the northern circumpolar constellation of Ursa Major.
Delta Ursae Minoris, Latinized from δ Ursae Minoris, also named Yildun, is a white-hued star in the northern circumpolar constellation of Ursa Minor, forming the second star in the bear's tail.
Delta Velorum (δ Velorum, abbreviated Del Vel, δ Vel) is a triple star system in the southern constellation of Vela, near the border with Carina, and is part of the False Cross.
Delta Virginis (δ Virginis, abbreviated Del Vir, δ Vir), also named Minelauva, is a star in the zodiac constellation of Virgo.
Delta1 Canis Minoris, Latinized from δ1 Canis Minoris, is a solitary, yellow-white hued star in the constellation Canis Minor.
Delta1 Chamaeleontis, Latinized from δ1 Chamaeleontis, is a close double star located in the constellation Chamaeleon.
Delta1 Gruis, Latinized from δ1 Gruis, is a candidate binary star system in the constellation Grus.
Delta1 Lyrae, Latinized from δ1 Lyrae, is a binary star system in the constellation Lyra, approximately 1,100 light years away from Earth.
Delta¹ Tauri (δ¹ Tauri, abbreviated Del¹ Tau, δ¹ Tau) is a double star in the zodiac constellation of Taurus.
Delta2 Chamaeleontis, Latinized from δ2 Chamaeleontis, is a solitary star located in the southern circumpolar constellation of Chamaeleon.
Delta2 Gruis, Latinized from δ2 Gruis, is a solitary, red-hued star in the southern constellation of Grus.
Demetrios Chalkokondyles (Δημήτριος Χαλκοκονδύλης), Latinized as Demetrius Chalcocondyles and found variously as Demetricocondyles, Chalcocondylas or Chalcondyles (14239 January 1511) was one of the most eminent Greek scholars in the West.
Demetrius is the Latinized form of the Ancient Greek male given name Dēmḗtrios (Δημήτριος), meaning "devoted to Demeter." Alternate forms include Demetrios, Dimitrios, Dimitris, Dmytro, Dimitri, Demitri, Dhimitër, and Dimitrije, in addition to other forms (such as Russian Dmitri) descended from it.
Demmin is a town in the Mecklenburgische Seenplatte district, Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Germany.
Deneb, also designated α Cygni (Latinised alpha Cygni, abbreviated Alpha Cyg, α Cyg), is the brightest star in the constellation of Cygnus.
Denebola, also designated Beta Leonis (β Leonis, abbreviated Beta Leo, β Leo) is the second-brightest star in the zodiac constellation of Leo, although the two components of the γ Leonis double star, which are unresolved to the naked eye, have a combined magnitude brighter than it.
Diego de Zúñiga of Salamanca (sometimes Latinized as Didacus a Stunica) (1536–1597) was an Augustinian Hermit and academic.
Dimitrie or Demetrius Cantemir (1673–1723), also known by other spellings, was a Moldavian soldier, statesman, and man of letters.
Saint Dimitry of Rostov (sometimes Latinized as Demetrius, sometimes referred to simply as Dmitri Rostovsky, Димитрій (Туптало)) was a leading opponent of the Caesaropapist reform of the Russian Orthodox church promoted by Feofan Prokopovich.
Dioikētēs (διοικητής), often Latinized as dioecetes, is a term applied to a variety of administrative officials.
Dionysius Periegetes (Διονύσιος ὁ Περιηγητής, literally Dionysius the Voyager or Traveller, often Latinized to Dionysius Periegeta), also known as Dionysius of Alexandria or Dionysius the African, was the author of a description of the then-known world in Greek hexameter verse.
Dishypatos, Latinized as dishypatus (δισύπατος, "twice hypatos"), was a Byzantine honorary dignity (διὰ βραβείου ἀξία, dia brabeiou axia) in the 9th–11th centuries, intended for "bearded men" (i.e. non-eunuchs).
Dominicus Baudius, a latinised form of Dominique Baudier, (Lille, 8 April 1561 – Leiden, 22 August 1613) was a French Neo-Latin poet, scholar and historian.
Dryander is a family name.
In the Gaulish language, Dusios was a divine being among the continental Celts who was identified with the god Pan of ancient Greek religion and with the gods Faunus, Inuus, Silvanus, and Incubus of ancient Roman religion.
Dutch names consist of one or more given names and a surname.
The Eastern Arabic numerals (also called Arabic–Hindu numerals, Arabic Eastern numerals and Indo–Persian numerals) are the symbols used to represent the Hindu–Arabic numeral system, in conjunction with the Arabic alphabet in the countries of the Mashriq (the east of the Arab world), the Arabian Peninsula, and its variant in other countries that use the Perso-Arabic script in the Iranian plateau and Asia.
Easton in Gordano is a village in Somerset, England, about northwest of Bristol city centre.
Louis René Étienne Tulasne, a.k.a. Edmond Tulasne (12 September 1815 – 22 December 1885) was a French botanist and mycologist born in Azay-le-Rideau.
(Egyptian) zythos (ζῦθος, sisni (mnemonic)), Latinised as zythum), is a type of beverage used as both a recreational alcoholic beverage and as a medicine. The word zythos is the Greek version of an Egyptian word for beer. The recipe is mentioned in the third tractate of the Babylonian Talmud (42b). According to Rav Yosef b. Hiyya, it contains barley, safflower seed and salt. Rav Papa substituted wheat for barley. The ingredients are steeped, roasted and ground before drinking. Drinking zythos is dangerous for sick people and for pregnant women. It works as both a laxative and an antidiarrhoeal. It is forbidden during Passover because it contains barley, thus making it chametz, although the punishment of kareth is not applicable to its consumption.
Eileithyia or Ilithyia (Εἰλείθυια;,Ἐλεύθυια (Eleuthyia) in Crete, also Ἐλευθία (Eleuthia) or Ἐλυσία (Elysia) in Laconia and Messene, and Ἐλευθώ (Eleuthō) in literature) was the Greek goddess of childbirth and midwifery.
Elephants are large mammals of the family Elephantidae and the order Proboscidea.
Elijah, Eliya, or Elias of Nisibis (11February 975– 18July 1046) was a Nestorian cleric who served as bishop of Beth Nuhadra (1002–1008) and archbishop of Nisibis (1008–1046).
An embryo is an early stage of development of a multicellular diploid eukaryotic organism.
Enez is a town and a district of Edirne Province, in Thrace, Turkey.
Engelbrecht is a common family name (surname) of Germanic origin.
Enrico Dandolo (anglicised as Henry Dandolo and Latinized as Henricus Dandulus; 1107 – May 1205) was the 41st Doge of Venice from 1192 until his death.
Eparchy is an anglicized Greek word (ἐπαρχία), authentically Latinized as eparchia, which can be loosely translated as the rule or jurisdiction over something, such as a province, prefecture, or territory.
The epicenter, epicentre or epicentrum in seismology is the point on the Earth's surface directly above a hypocenter or focus, the point where an earthquake or an underground explosion originates.
Episkopoi (ἐπίσκοποι, sing. ἐπίσκοπος, episkopos, literally "overseer"), Latinized episcopus/episcopi, were inspectors who were sometimes sent by the Athenians to subject states.
Episkyros (ἐπίσκυρος; also called ἐπίκοινος epikoinos, "commonball") was an ancient Greek ball game.
Epsilon Andromedae, Latinized from ε Andromedae, is a star in the constellation of Andromeda.
Epsilon Apodis, Latinized from ε Apodis, is the Bayer designation for a star in the southern circumpolar constellation of Apus.
Epsilon Aquarii (ε Aquarii, abbreviated Epsilon Aqr, ε Aqr), also named Albali, is a star in the equatorial zodiac constellation of Aquarius.
Epsilon Aurigae (ε Aurigae, abbreviated Eps Aur, ε Aur) is a multiple star system in the northern constellation of Auriga.
Epsilon Boötis (ε Boötis, abbreviated Epsilon Boo, ε Boo), also named Izar, is a binary star in the northern constellation of Boötes.
Epsilon Cancri (ε Cancri, abbreviated Eps Cnc, ε Cnc) is a white-hued binary star system in the zodiac constellation of Cancer.
Epsilon Canis Majoris (ε Canis Majoris, abbreviated Epsilon CMa, ε CMa), also named Adhara, is a binary star and, despite being designated 'epsilon', the second-brightest star in the constellation of Canis Major and one of the brightest stars in the night sky.
Epsilon Capricorni, Latinized from ε Capricorni, is a triple star system in the constellation Capricornus.
Epsilon Carinae (ε Carinae, abbreviated Epsilon Car, ε Car), also named Avior, is a binary star in the southern constellation of Carina.
Epsilon Cassiopeiae (ε Cassiopeiae, abbreviated Eps Cas, ε Cas), also named Segin, is a star in the constellation of Cassiopeia.
Epsilon Cephei, Latinized from ε Cephei, is a star in the northern constellation of Cepheus.
Epsilon Ceti, Latinized from ε Ceti, is the Bayer designation for a binary star system located in the equatorial constellation of Cetus.
Epsilon Chamaeleontis, Latinized from ε Chamaeleontis, is a naked-eye star located in the constellation Chamaeleon and is known as the star HIP 58484, HR 4583, or HD 104174, which during February 1836 Sir John Herschel found as the close double star, HJ 4486AB.
Epsilon Circini, Latinized from ε Circini, is a solitary star located in the southern constellation of Circinus.
Epsilon Columbae, Latinized from ε Columbae, is a star in the southern constellation of Columba.
Epsilon Coronae Borealis, Latinized from ε Coronae Borealis, is a multiple star system in the constellation Corona Borealis located around 230 light-years from the Solar System.
Epsilon Crucis (ε Crucis, abbreviated Eps Cru, ε Cru), also named Ginan, is a single, orange-hued star in the southern constellation of Crux.
Epsilon Cygni (ε Cygni, abbreviated Eps Cyg, ε Cyg) is multiple star system in the constellation of Cygnus.
Epsilon Delphini (ε Delphini, abbreviated Eps Del, ε Del), also named Aldulfin, is a solitary, blue-white hued star in the northern constellation of Delphinus.
Epsilon Equulei, Latinized from ε Equulei, is a star system of apparent magnitude +5.23 in the constellation of Equuleus.
Epsilon Eridani (ε Eridani, abbreviated Epsilon Eri, ε Eri), also named Ran, is a star in the southern constellation of Eridanus, at a declination of 9.46° south of the celestial equator.
Epsilon Geminorum (ε Geminorum, abbreviated Epsilon Gem, ε Gem), also named Mebsuta, is a star in the constellation of Gemini and is located on the outstretched right 'leg' of the twin Castor.
ε Gruis, Latinised as Epsilon Gruis, is a blue-white hued star in the southern constellation of Grus.
Epsilon Herculis, Latinized from ε Herculis, is a fourth-magnitude multiple star system in the northern constellation of Hercules.
Epsilon Hydrae (ε Hydrae, abbreviated Epsilon Hya, ε Hya) is a is a multiple star system of a combined third magnitude in the constellation of Hydra.
Epsilon Hydri, Latinized from ε Hydri, is a single, blue-white hued star in the southern constellation of Hydrus.
Epsilon Lupi, Latinized from ε Lup, is a multiple star system in the southern constellation of Lupus.
Epsilon Microscopii, Latinized from ε Microscopii, is a single, white-hued star in the southern constellationof Microscopium.
Epsilon Muscae, Latinized as ε Muscae, is a red giant star of spectral type M5III in the constellation Musca.
Epsilon Octantis, Latinized from ε Octantis, is a star in the southern circumpolar constellation of Octans.
Epsilon Ophiuchi (ε Ophiuchi, abbreviated Epsilon Oph, ε Oph), also named Yed Posterior, is a red giant star in the constellation of Ophiuchus.
Epsilon Pavonis, Latinized from ε Pavonis, is a single, white-hued star in the constellation Pavo.
Epsilon Pegasi (ε Pegasi, abbreviated Epsilon Peg, ε Peg), also named Enif (EE-nif), is the brightest star in the northern constellation of Pegasus.
Epsilon Sagittarii (ε Sagittarii, abbreviated Epsilon Sgr, ε Sgr), also named Kaus Australis, is a binary star system in the southern zodiac constellation of Sagittarius.
Epsilon Scorpii (ε Scorpii, abbreviated Eps Sco, ε Sco), also named Larawag, is a star in the southern zodiac constellation of Scorpius. It has an apparent visual magnitude of +2.3, making it the fifth-brightest member of the constellation. Parallax measurements made during the Hipparcos mission provide an estimated distance to this star of around from the Sun. Epsilon Scorpii has a stellar classification of K1 III, which indicates it has exhausted the supply of hydrogen at its core and evolved into a giant star. The interferometry-measured angular diameter of this star, after correcting for limb darkening, is, which, at its estimated distance, equates to a physical radius of nearly 13 times the radius of the Sun. Presently it is generating energy through the nuclear fusion of helium at its core, which, considering the star's composition, places it along an evolutionary branch termed the red clump. The star's outer atmosphere has an effective temperature of 4,560 K, giving it the orange hue of a cool K-type star. ε Scorpii is classified as a suspected variable star, although a study of Hipparcos photometry showed a variation of no more than 0.01–0.02 magnitudes. It is an X-ray source with a luminosity of.
Epsilon Scuti, Latinized from ε Scuti, is a probable astrometric binary star system in the constellation Scutum.
Epsilon Serpentis, Latinized from ε Serpentis, is a single, white-hued star in the constellation Serpens, in its head (Serpens Caput).
Epsilon Tauri (ε Tauri, abbreviated Epsilon Tau, ε Tau), also named Ain, is an orange giant star located approximately 45 parsecs (147 light-years) from the Sun in the constellation of Taurus.
Epsilon Telescopii, Latinized from ε Telescopii, is a solitary, orange-hued star in the southern constellation of Telescopium.
Epsilon Trianguli, Latinized from ε Trianguli, is a binary star system in the northern constellation of Triangulum.
Epsilon Trianguli Australis, Latinized from ε Trianguli Australis, is a star in the southern circumpolar constellation of Triangulum Australe.
Epsilon Ursae Majoris (ε Ursae Majoris, abbreviated Epsilon UMa, ε UMa), also named Alioth, is (despite being designated 'epsilon') the brightest star in the constellation of Ursa Major, and at magnitude 1.77 is the thirty-second-brightest star in the sky.
Epsilon Virginis (ε Virginis, abbreviated Epsilon Vir, ε Vir), also named Vindemiatrix, is a star in the zodiac constellation of Virgo.
In mathematics, an equation is a statement of an equality containing one or more variables.
Erycius Puteanus (4 November 1574 – 17 September 1646) was a humanist and philologist from the Low Countries.
The Eskimo curlew or the northern curlew (Numenius borealis) is one of eight species of curlew, and is classed in the genus Numenius.
Estrildis was the beloved mistress of King Locrinus of the Britons and the mother of his daughter Habren, according to the 12th-century chronicler Geoffrey of Monmouth.
Eta Apodis, Latinized from η Apodis, is a star in the southern circumpolar constellation Apus.
Eta Aquarii, Latinized from η Aquarii, is the Bayer designation for a star in the equatorial constellation of Aquarius.
Eta Arae, Latinized from η Arae, is the Bayer designation for a single star in the southern constellation of Ara.
Eta Aurigae (η Aurigae, abbreviated Eta Aur, η Aur), also named Haedus, is a star in the northern constellation of Auriga.
Eta Boötis (η Boötis, abbreviated Eta Boo, η Boo) is a binary star in the constellation of Boötes.
Eta Cancri, Latinized from η Cancri, is a single, orange-hued star in the zodiac constellation of Cancer.
Eta Canis Majoris (η Canis Majoris, abbreviated Eta CMa, η CMa), also named Aludra, is a star in the constellation of Canis Major.
Eta Capricorni, Latinized from η Capricorni, is a binary star system in the southern constellation of Capricornus.
Eta Cassiopeiae (η Cassiopeiae, abbreviated Eta Cas, η Cas) is a binary star system in the northern circumpolar constellation of Cassiopeia.
Eta Centauri, Latinized from η Centauri, is a star in the southern constellation of Centaurus.
Eta Chamaeleontis, Latinized from η Chamaeleontis, is a star in the constellation Chamaeleon.
Eta Circini, Latinized from η Circini, is the Bayer designation for a solitary star located in the southern constellation of Circinus.
Eta Delphini, Latinized from η Delphini, is a candidate astrometric binary star system in the northern constellation of Delphinus.
Eta Draconis (η Draconis, abbreviated Eta Dra, η Dra) is a binary star in the northern circumpolar constellation of Draco.
Eta Eridani (η Eridani, abbreviated Eta Eri, η Eri), also named Azha, is a giant star in the constellation of Eridanus.
Eta Gruis, Latinized from η Gruis, is a solitary, orange-hued star in the southern constellation of Grus.
Eta Indi, Latinized from η Indi, is a single, white-hued star in the southern constellation Indus.
Eta Leporis, Latinized from η Leporis, is a single, yellow-white hued star in the southern constellation of Lepus, the hare.
Eta Lyrae (η Lyrae, abbreviated Eta Lyr, η Lyr) is the primary or 'A' component of a triple star system in the constellation of Lyra.
Eta Mensae, Latinized from η Mensae, is the Bayer designation for a solitary, orange-hued star in the southern constellation of Mensa.
Eta Ophiuchi (η Ophiuchi, abbreviated Eta Oph, η Oph) is a binary star in the constellation of Ophiuchus.
Eta Pegasi (η Pegasi, abbreviated Eta Peg, η Peg), also named Matar, is a binary star in the constellation of Pegasus.
Eta Persei (η Persei, abbreviated Eta Per, η Per), is a binary star and the 'A' component of a triple star system (the 'B' component is the star HD 237009) in the constellation of Perseus.
Eta Piscium (η Piscium, abbreviated Eta Psc, η Psc) is a binary star and the brightest point of light in the constellation of Pisces with an apparent visual magnitude of +3.6.
Eta Sculptoris, Latinized from η Sculptoris, is a single, red-hued star in the southern constellation of Sculptor.
Eta Ursae Majoris (η Ursae Majoris, abbreviated Eta UMa, η UMa), also named Alkaid, is a star in the constellation of Ursa Major.
Eta Ursae Minoris, Latinized from η Ursae Minoris, is a yellow-white hued star in the northern circumpolar constellation of Ursa Minor.
Eta Virginis (η Virginis, abbreviated Eta Vir, η Vir) is a triple star system in the zodiac constellation of Virgo.
Eta1 Doradus, Latinized from η1 Doradus, is the Bayer designation for an A-type main sequence star in the constellation of Dorado, around 330 light-years from the Earth.
The etymology of Jämtland entails the origin, history, and use of the name Jämtland which dates back to 11th century Scandinavia.
The Eurasian collared dove (Streptopelia decaocto), most often simply called the collared dove,Hagemeijer, W. J. M., & Blair, M. J., eds.
Europa regina, Latin for Queen Europe, is the map-like depiction of the European continent as a queen.
The European colonization of the Americas describes the history of the settlement and establishment of control of the continents of the Americas by most of the naval powers of Europe.
Eustathios Makrembolites (Εὐστάθιος Μακρεμβολίτης), Latinized as Eustathius Macrembolites, was a Byzantine revivalist of the Greek romance, flourished in the second half of the 12th century CE.
Excalibur, or Caliburn, is the legendary sword of King Arthur, sometimes also attributed with magical powers or associated with the rightful sovereignty of Britain.
Exokatakoiloi (ἐξωκατάκοιλοι), latinized as Exocatacœli, was a term attested since the 11th century for the principal officials of the Patriarch of Constantinople or a bishop of the Eastern Church: these were the steward or oikonomos (the patriarchal official was prefixed with megas, "grand"), the treasurer or sakellarios, the sacristan or skeuophylax, the record-keeper or chartophylax, and the head of the sakellion.
Eystein Magnusson (Old Norse: Eysteinn Magnússon, Norwegian: Øystein Magnusson; c. 1088 – 29 August 1123) was King of Norway (as Eystein I) from 1103 to 1123 together with his brothers Sigurd the Crusader and Olaf Magnusson, although since Olaf died before adulthood, only Eystein and Sigurd were effective rulers of the country.
FC Teutonia Ottensen or FC Teutonia Altona-Ottensen is a German association football club from the city of Hamburg founded in July 1905.
Ferry de Locre (latinized Ferreolus Locrius) (1571–1614) was a historical and devotional writer from the County of Artois (then part of the Habsburg Netherlands, now in France).
Fiona is a feminine given name.
Florentius Volusenus (c. 1504 – 1546 or 1547) was a Scottish humanist most noted for his De Animi Tranquillitate.
Fomalhaut, also designated Alpha Piscis Austrini (α Piscis Austrini, abbreviated Alpha PsA, α PsA) is the brightest star in the constellation of Piscis Austrinus and one of the brightest stars in the sky.
François Noël (18 August 1651– 17 September 1729) was a Flemish Jesuit poet, dramatist, and missionary to the Qing Empire.
Francisco de Enzinas (1 November 1518? – 30 December 1552), also known by the humanist name Francis Dryander (from the Greek drus, which can be translated encina in Spanish), was a classical scholar, translator, author, Protestant reformer and apologist of Spanish origin.
Franciscus Monachus, (c. 1490-1565) was born Frans Smunck in Mechelen (or Malines) in the Duchy of Brabant (in modern-day Belgium).
Francisco Quaresmio or Quaresmi (4 April 1583 – 25 October 1650), better known by his Latin name Franciscus Quaresmius, was an Italian writer and Orientalist.
Franciscus Sylvius (15 March 1614 – 19 November 1672), born Franz de le Boë, was a Dutch physician and scientist (chemist, physiologist and anatomist) who was an early champion of Descartes', Van Helmont's and William Harvey's work and theories.
Fredericia is a town located in Fredericia municipality in the southeastern part of the Jutland peninsula in Denmark, in a sub-region also known as Trekantsområdet (the Triangle Area).
Frederick de Wit (1629/1630 – 1706) was a cartographer and artist who drew, printed and sold maps.
Freyr (Old Norse: Lord), sometimes anglicized as Frey, is a widely attested god associated with sacral kingship, virility and prosperity, with sunshine and fair weather, and pictured as a phallic fertility god in Norse mythology.
Friedrich Heinrich Wiggers (March 15, 1746 – March 3, 1811) was a German botanist who wrote a flora of Holstein in 1780.
G Scorpii (abbreviated G Sco), also named Fuyue, is a star in the constellation of Scorpius.
Galfrid or Galfred (Latinised as Galfridus or Galfredus) is an Anglo-Norman variant of the name Geoffrey.
Gamma Andromedae (γ Andromedae, abbreviated Gam And, γ And) is the third-brightest point of light in the constellation of Andromeda.
Gamma Aquarii (γ Aquarii, abbreviated Gamma Aqr, γ Aqr) is a binary star in the constellation of Aquarius.
Gamma Aquilae (γ Aquilae, abbreviated Gamma Aql, γ Aql), also known as Tarazed, is a star in the constellation of Aquila.
Gamma Arietis (γ Arietis, abbreviated Gamma Ari, γ Ari) is a binary star in the northern constellation of Aries.
Gamma Boötis (γ Boötis, abbreviated Gamma Boo, γ Boo), also named Seginus, is a star in the constellation of Boötes.
Gamma Camelopardalis, Latinized from γ Camelopardalis, is a suspected wide binary star system in the northern circumpolar constellation of Camelopardalis.
Gamma Cancri (γ Cancri, abbreviated Gamma Cnc, γ Cnc) is a multiple star system in the constellation of Cancer.
Gamma Canis Majoris (γ Canis Majoris, abbreviated Gamma CMa, γ CMa), also named Muliphein, is a star in the constellation of Canis Major.
Gamma Capricorni (γ Capricorni, abbreviated Gamma Cap, γ Cap), also named Nashira, is a giant star in the constellation of Capricornus.
Gamma Cassiopeiae, Latinized from γ Cassiopeiae, is a star at the center of the distinctive "W" asterism in the northern circumpolar constellation of Cassiopeia.
Gamma Cephei (γ Cephei, abbreviated Gamma Cep, γ Cep) is a binary star system approximately 45 light-years away in the constellation of Cepheus.
Gamma Ceti (γ Ceti, abbreviated Gam Cet, γ Cet) is a triple star system in the equatorial constellation of Cetus.
Gamma Chamaeleontis, Latinized from γ Chamaeleontis, is a solitary star located in the southern circumpolar constellation of Chamaeleon.
Gamma Circini, Latinized from γ Circini, is a star system located in the constellation Circinus.
Gamma Columbae, Latinized from γ Columbae, is a possible wide binary star system in the southern constellation of Columba.
Gamma Comae Berenices, Latinized from γ Comae Berenices, is a single, orange-hued star in the southern constellation of Coma Berenices.
Gamma Coronae Borealis, Latinized from γ Coronae Borealis, is a binary star system in the northern constellation of Corona Borealis.
Gamma Corvi (γ Corvi, abbreviated Gamma Crv, γ Crv) is a binary star and the brightest star in the southern constellation of Corvus, having an apparent visual magnitude of 2.59.
Gamma Crucis (γ Crucis, abbreviated Gamma Cru, γ Cru), also named Gacrux, is the nearest M-Giant star to the Sun.
Gamma Cygni (γ Cygni, abbreviated Gamma Cyg, γ Cyg), also named Sadr, is a star in the northern constellation of Cygnus, forming the intersection of an asterism of five stars called the Northern Cross.
Gamma Delphini, Latinized from γ Delphini, is a binary star system approximately 101 light-years away in the constellation of Delphinus.
Gamma Draconis (γ Draconis, abbreviated Gamma Dra, γ Dra), also named Eltanin, is a star in the northern constellation of Draco.
Gamma Equulei, Latinized from γ Equulei, is a double star in the northern constellation of Equuleus.
Gamma Geminorum (γ Geminorum, abbreviated Gamma Gem, γ Gem), also named Alhena, is the third-brightest star in the constellation of Gemini.
Gamma Gruis (γ Gruis, abbreviated Gam Gru, γ Gru), also named Aldhanab, is a star in the southern constellation of Grus (it once belonged to the Ptolemaic constellation Piscis Austrinus).
Gamma Herculis, Latinized from γ Herculis, is a magnitude 3.74 binary star system in the northern constellation of Hercules.
Gamma Leonis (γ Leonis, abbreviated Gamma Leo, γ Leo), also named Algieba, is a binary star system in the constellation of Leo.
Gamma Leporis, Latinized from γ Leporis, is a star in the south central part of the constellation Lepus, southeast of Beta Leporis and southwest of Delta Leporis.
Gamma Librae (γ Librae, abbreviated Gam Lib, γ Lib) is a suspected binary star system in the constellation of Libra.
Gamma Lyrae (Latinized from γ Lyrae, abbreviated Gamma Lyr, γ Lyr), also named Sulafat, is the second-brightest star in the northern constellation of Lyra.
Gamma Mensae, Latinized from γ Mensae, is an orange-hued star system in the southern constellation of Mensa.
Gamma Ophiuchi, Latinized from γ Ophiuchi, is a fourth-magnitude star in the constellation Ophiuchus.
Gamma Pictoris, Latinized from γ Pictoris, is a single, orange-hued star in the southern constellation of Pictor.
Gamma Pyxidis, Latinized from γ Pyxidis, is a single, orange-hued star in the southern constellation Pyxis.
Gamma Sagittae, Latinized from γ Sagittae, is the brightest star in northern constellation of Sagitta.
Gamma Sculptoris, Latinized from γ Sculptoris, is a single, orange-hued star in the constellation Sculptor.
Gamma Scuti, Latinized from γ Scuti, is a single, white-hued star in the southern constellation of Scutum.
Gamma Sextantis, Latinized as γ Sextantis, is a binary star system in the equatorial constellation of Sextans.
Gamma Tauri (γ Tauri, abbreviated Gam Tau, γ Tau) is either a solitary, binary or double star (the Washington Double Star Catalog notes it as a "Dubious Double" or "Bogus Binary") that marks the tip of the "V" in the constellation of Taurus.
Gamma Tucanae, Latinized from γ Tucanae, is a star in the constellation Tucana, marking the toucan's beak.
Gamma Ursae Majoris (γ Ursae Majoris, abbreviated Gamma UMa, γ UMa), also named Phecda, is a star in the constellation of Ursa Major.
Gamma Ursae Minoris (γ Ursae Minoris, abbreviated Gamma UMi, γ UMi), also named Pherkad, is a star in the northern circumpolar constellation of Ursa Minor.
Gamma Virginis (γ Virginis, abbreviated Gamma Vir, γ Vir), also named Porrima, is a binary star system in the constellation of Virgo.
Gamma Volantis, Latinized from γ Volantis, is a wide binary star system in the southern constellation of Volans.
Gamma1 Caeli, Latinized from γ1 Caeli, is a double star in the constellation Caelum.
Gamma1 Normae, Latinized from γ1 Normae, is a single, yellow-white hued star in the southern constellation of Norma.
Gamma1 Octantis, Latinized from γ1 Octantis, is a single, yellow-hued star in the southern circumpolar constellation of Octans.
Gamma2 Normae, Latinized from γ2 Nor, is the brightest star in the southern constellation of Norma.
Gamma² Sagittarii (γ² Sagittarii, abbreviated Gamma² Sgr, γ² Sgr), also named Alnasl, is a 3rd-magnitude star in the zodiac constellation of Sagittarius.
Genevieve (Geneviève) is a female given name of Germanic or Celtic origin.
In grammar, the genitive (abbreviated); also called the second case, is the grammatical case that marks a word, usually a noun, as modifying another word, also usually a noun.
Geoffrey is a French and English masculine given name.
George Choiroboskos (Γεώργιος Χοιροβοσκός), Latinized as Georgius Choeroboscus, was an early 9th-century Byzantine grammarian and priest.
George of Pisidia (Γεώργιος Πισίδης, Geōrgios Pisidēs; Latinized as Pisida) was a Byzantine poet, born in Pisidia, who flourished during the 7th century AD.
Georg(e) Spalatin was the pseudonym taken by Georg Burkhardt (17 January 1484 – 16 January 1545), was a German humanist, theologian, reformer, secretary of the Saxon Elector Frederick the Wise, as well as an important figure in the history of the Reformation.
Gerarai (Γεραραί), also known by the latinized form Gerarae, were priestesses of Dionysus (Bacchus to the Romans) in ancient Greek ritual.
Gerrit Lucasz van Schagen or Schaagen (Latinised Gerardus a Schagen) (ca. 1642 – March 1724?) was an engraver and cartographer from Amsterdam, known for his exquisite reproductions of maps, particularly of those by Nicolaes Visscher I and Frederick de Wit.
Gilla Cellaig Ó Ruaidín, aka Gilbert Ó Ruane, Bishop of Kilmacduagh, died 1204.
Giotto di Bondone (1267 – January 8, 1337), known mononymously as Giotto and Latinised as Giottus, was an Italian painter and architect from Florence during the Late Middle Ages.
Giovanni Antonio Scopoli (sometimes Latinized as Johannes Antonius Scopolius) (3 June 1723 – 8 May 1788) was an Italian physician and naturalist.
Girolamo Maggi (1523, in Anghiari – 27 March 1572 in Constantinople), also known by his Latin name Hieronymus Magius, was an Italian scholar, jurist, poet, military engineer, urban planner, philologist, archaeologist, mathematician, and naturalist who studied at Bologna under Francis Robortello.
The vocabulary of ancient Roman religion was highly specialized.
Godefridus Dellius (baptized 28 October 1654, Cothen – 1738) was a clergyman of the Dutch Reformed Church active in and around Albany, New York during the late 17th century and up to 1699.
Gofraid is an Irish masculine given name, arising in the Old Irish and Middle Irish/Middle Gaelic languages, as Gofhraidh, and later partially Anglicised as Goffraid.
Gordano services is a motorway service station located at junction 19 of the M5 motorway at the southern end of the Avonmouth Bridge, west of Bristol, England, and close to Portishead.
Gordano (or the Gordano Valley) is an area of North Somerset, in England.
Gottfried is a masculine German given name.
Gráinne is a feminine given name in the Irish language.
Great Cheverell is a village and civil parish in Wiltshire, England, south of Devizes.
Gronovius is a surname.
Gruffudd or Gruffydd (or, in either case) is a Welsh name, originating in Old Welsh as a given name and today used as both a given and surname.
The Guadeloupe big brown bat (Eptesicus guadeloupensis) is a species of vesper bat.
Guðrøðr is a masculine Old Norse personal name.
Guido is a given name Latinised from the Old High German name Wido that originated in Medieval Italy.
Gwendolen is a feminine given name, in general use only since the 19th century.
Gwrtheyrnion or Gwerthrynion was a commote in medieval Wales, located in Mid Wales on the north side of the River Wye.
The gymnasium (Greek: gymnasion) in Ancient Greece functioned as a training facility for competitors in public games.
Hades (ᾍδης Háidēs) was the ancient Greek chthonic god of the underworld, which eventually took his name.
Hafren was a legendary British princess who was drowned in the River Severn (Hafren; Habren) by her repudiated stepmother Gwendolen.
"Hail Satan", sometimes expressed in a Latinized version as Ave Satanas (or Ave Satana), is an expression used by some Satanists to show their dedication to Satan, but has also been used for the purpose of comedy or satire.
Hammonia is the Medieval Latin female personification of Hamburg.
Hannibal Barca (𐤇𐤍𐤁𐤏𐤋 𐤁𐤓𐤒 ḥnb‘l brq; 247 – between 183 and 181 BC) was a Carthaginian general, considered one of the greatest military commanders in history.
Harpastum, also known as harpustum, was a form of ball game played in the Roman Empire.
Hayton of Corycus (also Hethum, Het'um, and variants; in Armenian known as Հեթում Պատմիչ Hetʿowm Patmičʿ "Hethum the Historian"; c.1240 - c.1310-1320) was a medieval Armenian nobleman, monk and historiographer.
Heinrich Kramer (1430 – 1505), also known under the Latinized name Henricus Institor, was a German churchman and inquisitor.
Heliamphora ionasi is a species of marsh pitcher plant thought to be endemic to the plateau that lies between the bases of Ilu Tepui and Tramen Tepui in Venezuela.
Heliopolis was a major city of ancient Egypt.
Hemiauchenia, synonym Tanupolama, is a genus of lamine camelids that evolved in North America in the Miocene period approximately 10 million years ago.
Hendrikus or Hendricus is a Latinized form of the Dutch masculine given name Hendrik ("Henry").
Henricus Martellus Germanus is the latinized name of Heinrich Hammer (Enrico Martello), a geographer and cartographer from Nuremberg who lived and worked in Florence from 1480 to 1496.
Henrik Pontoppidan (24 July 1857 – 21 August 1943) was a Danish realist writer who shared with Karl Gjellerup the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1917 for "his authentic descriptions of present-day life in Denmark." Pontoppidan's novels and short stories — informed with a desire for social progress but despairing, later in his life, of its realization — present an unusually comprehensive picture of his country and his epoch.
The Hephthalites (or Ephthalites) were a people of Central Asia who were militarily important circa 450–560.
Heracleopolis Magna (Μεγάλη Ἡρακλέους πόλις, Megálē Herakléous pólis) or Heracleopolis (Ἡρακλεόπολις, Herakleópolis) is the Roman name of the capital of the 20th nome of ancient Upper Egypt.
Heraclius II (ერეკლე II), also known as Erekle II and The Little Kakhetian (პატარა კახი) (7 November 1720 or 7 October 1721 – 11 January 1798), was a Georgian monarch of the Bagrationi dynasty, reigning as the king of Kakheti from 1744 to 1762, and of Kartli and Kakheti from 1762 until 1798.
Hermanus is a Latinized version of the Germanic masculine given name Herman.
A hermit (adjectival form: eremitic or hermitic) is a person who lives in seclusion from society, usually for religious reasons.
A heroon or herõon (Greek ἡρῷον, plural ἡρῷα, heroa), also latinized as heroum, was a shrine dedicated to an ancient Greek or Roman hero and used for the commemoration or cult worship of the hero.
Hesperocamelus is an extinct genus of terrestrial herbivore in the family Camelidae, endemic to North America from the Miocene through Pliocene 23.03—5.33 mya existing for approximately.
Hieronymus Bock (Latinised Tragus) (1498 – February 21, 1554) was a German botanist, physician, and Lutheran minister who began the transition from medieval botany to the modern scientific worldview by arranging plants by their relation or resemblance.
The Hikanatoi (Ἱκανάτοι, "the Able Ones"), sometimes Latinized as Hicanati, were one of the Byzantine tagmata, the elite guard units based near the imperial capital of Constantinople.
The Hindu–Arabic numeral systemDavid Eugene Smith and Louis Charles Karpinski,, 1911 (also called the Arabic numeral system or Hindu numeral system) is a positional decimal numeral system that is the most common system for the symbolic representation of numbers in the world.
Hispan, Espan, Hispalo or Hispano, is a mythological character of Antiquity, who would derive the name Hispania, according to some ancient writers.
The history of Austria covers the history of Austria and its predecessor states, from the early Stone Age to the present state.
Colchester is a historic town located in Essex, England.
The recorded written history of Haiti began on 5 December 1492 when the European navigator Christopher Columbus happened upon a large island in the region of the western Atlantic Ocean that later came to be known as the Caribbean.
The city today known as Istanbul has been the site of human settlement for approximately three thousand years.
The history of Manchester encompasses its change from a minor Lancastrian township into the pre-eminent industrial metropolis of the United Kingdom and the world.
The history of Northwich can be traced back to the Roman period.
The history of Sicily has been influenced by numerous ethnic groups.
In the second half of the 2nd millennium B.C. (late Bronze Age) Silesia belonged to the Lusatian culture.
The history of Speyer begins with the establishment of a Roman camp in 10 BCE, making it one of Germany's oldest cities.
Hosta (syn. Funkia) is a genus of plants commonly known as hostas, plantain lilies (particularly in Britain) and occasionally by the Japanese name giboshi.
The Huns were a nomadic people who lived in Central Asia, the Caucasus, and Eastern Europe, between the 4th and 6th century AD.
Hygiene is a set of practices performed to preserve health.
Hypatos (ὕπατος; plural: ὕπατοι, hypatoi) and the variant apo hypatōn (ἀπὸ ὑπάτων, "former hypatos", literally: "from among the consuls") was a Byzantine court dignity, originally the Greek translation of Latin consul (the literal meaning of hypatos is "the supreme one," which reflects the office, but not the etymology of the Roman consul).
The Iazyges, singular Iazyx (Ἰάζυγες, singular Ἰάζυξ), were an ancient Sarmatian tribe who travelled westward from Central Asia onto the steppes of what is now Ukraine in BC.
Hasan Ibn al-Haytham (Latinized Alhazen; full name أبو علي، الحسن بن الحسن بن الهيثم) was an Arab mathematician, astronomer, and physicist of the Islamic Golden Age.
Abu Dawud Sulayman ibn Hassan Ibn Juljul (سليمان بن حسان ابن جلجل) (c. 944 Córdoba – c. 994) was an influential Andalusian Arab physician and pharmacologist of perhaps Spanish extraction.
Ibn Tufail (c. 1105 – 1185) (full Arabic name: أبو بكر محمد بن عبد الملك بن محمد بن طفيل القيسي الأندلسي Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn Abd al-Malik ibn Muhammad ibn Tufail al-Qaisi al-Andalusi; Latinized form: Abubacer Aben Tofail; Anglicized form: Abubekar or Abu Jaafar Ebn Tophail) was an Arab Andalusian Muslim polymath: a writer, novelist, Islamic philosopher, Islamic theologian, physician, astronomer, vizier, and court official.
Ibn Zuhr (ابن زهر; 1094–1162), traditionally known by his Latinized name of Avenzoar, was an Arab physician, surgeon, and poet.
Ilus (Ἶλος, Ilos) is the name of several mythological persons associated directly or indirectly with Troy.
Inonotus obliquus, commonly known as chaga mushroom (a Latinisation of the Russian word чага), is a fungus in the family Hymenochaetaceae.
The intercalary month or epagomenal days.
International scientific vocabulary (ISV) comprises scientific and specialized words whose language of origin may or may not be certain, but which are in current use in several modern languages (that is, translingually).
The International Year of Light and Light-based Technologies 2015 or International Year of Light 2015 (IYL 2015) was a United Nations observance that aimed to raise awareness of the achievements of light science and its applications, and its importance to humankind.
Iota Aquarii, Latinized from ι Aquarii, is the Bayer designation for a star in the equatorial constellation of Aquarius.
Iota Aquilae, Latinized from ι Aquilae, is the Bayer designation for a star in the equatorial constellation of Aquila.
Iota Arae, Latinized from ι Arae, is the Bayer designation for a star in the southern constellation of Ara.
Iota Aurigae (ι Aurigae, abbreviated Iot Aur, ι Aur), also named Hassaleh, is a star in the northern constellation of Auriga.
Iota Carinae (ι Carinae, abbreviated Iota Car, ι Car), also named Aspidiske, is a star in the southern circumpolar constellation (circumpolar if viewed at any location from approximately 40° S to the South Pole) of Carina.
Iota Centauri, Latinized from ι Centauri, is a star in the southern constellation of Centaurus.
Iota Coronae Borealis, Latinized from ι Coronae Borealis, is a binary star system in the constellation Corona Borealis.
Iota Crucis, Latinized from ι Crucis, is a star in the constellation Crux.
Iota Draconis (ι Draconis, abbreviated Iota Dra, ι Dra), also named Edasich, is a star in the northern circumpolar constellation of Draco.
Iota Gruis, Latinized from ι Gruis, is a binary star system in the southern constellation of Grus.
Iota Horologii, Latinized from ι Horologii, is a yellow-hued star approximately 56 light-years away in the Horologium constellation.
Iota Hydrae (ι Hydrae, abbreviated Iota Hya, ι Hya), also named Ukdah, is a star in the constellation of Hydra, about 8° to the north-northwest of Alphard (Alpha Hydrae) and just to the south of the celestial equator.
Iota Leonis, Latinized from ι Leonis, is a triple star system in the constellation Leo.
Iota Orionis (ι Orionis, abbreviated Iot Ori, ι Ori) is a multiple star system in the equatorial constellation of Orion the hunter.
Iota Serpentis, Latinized from ι Serpentis, is a triple star system in the constellation Serpens, in its head (Serpens Caput).
Iota Tauri, Latinized from ι Tauri, is a white-hued star in the zodiac constellation Taurus and an outlying member of the Hyades star cluster.
Iota Trianguli, Latinized from ι Trianguli, is quadruple star system in constellation of Triangulum.
Iota Ursae Majoris (ι Ursae Majoris, abbreviated Iota UMa, ι UMa), also named Talitha, is a star system in the northern circumpolar constellation of Ursa Major.
Iota Virginis (ι Virginis, abbreviated Iota Vir, ι Vir) is a binary star in the constellation of Virgo.
Iota1 Cygni, Latinized from ι1 Cygni, is a class A1V (white main-sequence) star in the constellation Cygnus.
Iota1 Librae, Latinized from ι1 Librae, is a quadruple star system in the constellation Libra.
Iota1 Scorpii, Latinized from ι1 Scorpii, is star in the southern constellation of Scorpius.
Iota2 Cygni (Latinized from ι2 Cygni, often simply called ι Cygni) is a star in the constellation Cygnus.
The Iranian or Iranic languages are a branch of the Indo-Iranian languages in the Indo-European language family.
Ireland (Éire; Ulster-Scots: Airlann) is an island in the North Atlantic.
Isca Dumnoniorum, also known simply as Isca, was a town in the Roman province of Britannia at the site of present-day Exeter in the English county of Devon in the United Kingdom.
Abu Mūsā Jābir ibn Hayyān (جابر بن حیانl fa, often given the nisbas al-Bariqi, al-Azdi, al-Kufi, al-Tusi or al-Sufi; fl. c. 721c. 815), also known by the Latinization Geber, was a polymath: a chemist and alchemist, astronomer and astrologer, engineer, geographer, philosopher, physicist, and pharmacist and physician.
Jackson's chameleon, Jackson's horned chameleon, or Kikuyu three-horned chameleon (Trioceros jacksonii) is a species of chameleon (family Chamaeleonidae) native to East Africa, but also introduced to Hawaii, Florida, and California.
Jacob van der Borgh, Latinized Jacobus a Castro (1560–1639) was the third bishop of Roermond.
Jacobus Arminius, (October 10, 1560 – October 19, 1609), the Latinized name of Jakob Hermanszoon, was a Dutch theologian from the Protestant Reformation period whose views became the basis of Arminianism and the Dutch Remonstrant movement.
Jakub Hořčický (in Latin Jacobus Sinapius) (1575 – 25 September 1622), later granted the title z Tepence ("of Tepenec"), was a Bohemian pharmacist and personal doctor of Emperor Rudolf II.
Giacomo or Jacopo d'Angelo, better known by his Latin name Jacobus Angelus, was an Italian scholar and humanist during the Renaissance.
Jacques De Crucque (also known as Jacob Cruucke or by his Latinized name Jacobus Cruquius, d. June 22, 1584.) was a Flemish humanist, philologist, and scholar of the 16th century.
Jaffa, in Hebrew Yafo, or in Arabic Yaffa (יפו,; يَافَا, also called Japho or Joppa), the southern and oldest part of Tel Aviv-Yafo, is an ancient port city in Israel.
Jan de Doot is the subject of a painting from 1655 by Carel van Savoyen.
Jan Gruter or Gruytère, Latinized as Janus Gruterus (3 December 1560 – 20 September 1627), was a Flemish-born philologist, scholar, and librarian.
Janus Cornarius (ca. 1500 – March 16, 1558) was a Saxon humanist and friend of Erasmus.
János Zsámboky or János Zsámboki or János Sámboki, (with his humanist name Johannes Sambucus, or Johannes Pannonicus Sambucus; June 1, 1531 – June 13, 1584) was a Hungarian humanist scholar: physician, philologist and historian.
Jean de Hocsem or Jan van Hocsem, Latinized Johannes Hocsemius (1278–1348), was a canon and scholaster of Saint Lambert's Cathedral, Liège.
Jean Tixier de Ravisi (c. 1470–1542) was a French Renaissance humanist scholar and professor of rhetoric.
Jehovah is a Latinization of the Hebrew, one vocalization of the Tetragrammaton (YHWH), the proper name of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible and one of the seven names of God in Judaism.
Joan van Broekhuizen, Latinised as Janus Broukhusius (1649 – 15 December 1707), Dutch classical scholar and poet, was born to simple parents in Amsterdam on 20 November 1649.
Joannes Miraeus, Latinized from Jean Le Mire (1560–1611) was the fourth bishop of Antwerp.
Joannes Molanus (1533–1585), often cited simply as Molanus, is the Latinized name of Jan Vermeulen or Van der Meulen, an influential Counter Reformation Catholic theologian of Louvain University, where he was Professor of Theology, and Rector from 1578.
Joannes Woverius (1576-1636), the Latinized name of Jan van den Wouwer, was a civic and royal office-holder in the Spanish Netherlands.
Johann Franz Buddeus or Budde (sometimes Johannes Franciscus Buddeus; 25 June, 1667 – 19 November, 1729) was a German Lutheran theologian and philosopher.
Johannes Baptista Montanus (1498 – May 6, 1551) is the Latinized name of Giovanni Battista Monte, or Gian Battista da Monte, one of the leading humanist physicians of Italy.
Johannes de Grocheio (Grocheo) (c. 1255 – c. 1320) was a Parisian musical theorist of the early fourteenth century.
Johann Goldsmid, better known by his Latinized name Johann(es) Fabricius (8 January 1587 – 19 March 1616), eldest son of David Fabricius (1564–1617), was a Frisian/German astronomer and a discoverer of sunspots (in 1610), independently of Galileo Galilei.
Johannes Lievens, Latinized Johannes Livineius (1546/47–1599), was a scholar of Greek patristics from the Habsburg Netherlands (now Belgium).
Johannes Megapolensis (1603–1670) was a dominie (pastor) of the Dutch Reformed Church in the Dutch colony of New Netherland (present-day New York state in the United States), beginning in 1642.
Johannes (or Jean) Sturm, Latinized as Ioannes Sturmius (1 October 1507 – 3 March 1589) was a German-French educator and Protestant reformer, who was influential in the design of the Gymnasium system of secondary education.
John is a common masculine given name in the English language of originally Semitic origin.
John Amos Comenius (Jan Amos Komenský; Johann Amos Comenius; Latinized: Ioannes Amos Comenius; 28 March 1592 – 15 November 1670) was a Czech philosopher, pedagogue and theologian from the Margraviate of Moravia"Clamores Eliae" he dedicated "To my lovely mother, Moravia, one of her faithful son...". Clamores Eliae, p.69, Kastellaun/Hunsrück: A. Henn, 1977.
John Doukas, Latinized as Ducas, (Ἰωάννης Δούκας, Iōannēs Doukas; &ndash) was the eldest son of Constantine Angelos by Theodora Komnene, the seventh child of the Byzantine Emperor Alexios I Komnenos and Irene Doukaina, from whose family name John Doukas took his own.
John Ionopoulos, Latinized as Joannes Junopulus or Janopulus (Ιωάννης Ιωνόπουλος, 14th century) was a jurist of the late Byzantine Empire.
John Komnenos Doukas (Ιωάννης Κομνηνός Δούκας, Iōannēs Komnēnos Doukas), Latinized as Comnenus Ducas, was ruler of Thessalonica from 1237 until his death in 1244.
John Komnenos (Latinized as Comnenus), nicknamed "the Fat" (Ἰωάννης Κομνηνὸς ὁ παχύς, Iōannēs Komnēnos ho pachys), was a Byzantine noble who attempted to usurp the imperial throne from Alexios III Angelos in a short-lived coup in Constantinople on 31 July 1201 (or 1200).
John Kourkouas (Ἰωάννης Κουρκούας, fl. circa 915–946), also transliterated as Kurkuas or Curcuas, was one of the most important generals of the Byzantine Empire.
John Napier of Merchiston (1550 – 4 April 1617); also signed as Neper, Nepair; nicknamed Marvellous Merchiston) was a Scottish landowner known as a mathematician, physicist, and astronomer. He was the 8th Laird of Merchiston. His Latinized name was Ioannes Neper. John Napier is best known as the discoverer of logarithms. He also invented the so-called "Napier's bones" and made common the use of the decimal point in arithmetic and mathematics. Napier's birthplace, Merchiston Tower in Edinburgh, is now part of the facilities of Edinburgh Napier University. Napier died from the effects of gout at home at Merchiston Castle and his remains were buried in the kirkyard of St Giles. Following the loss of the kirkyard there to build Parliament House, he was memorialised at St Cuthbert's at the west side of Edinburgh.
Joseph de Jouvancy (also Jouvency; Latinised Josephus Juvencius) (14 September 1643 – 29 May 1719 Rome) was a French poet, pedagogue, philologist, and historian.
Josse van Huerter (1430 in Torhout – 1495 in Horta), also known by several transliterations (such as Joss van Hurtere, Joost de Hurtere or Joss van Hürter, and later in Portuguese, Joss de Utra or just Dutra) was the first settler, and captain-major of the island of Faial in the Portuguese Azores.
Jost Bürgi (also Joost, Jobst; Latinized surname Burgius or Byrgius; 28 February 1552 – 31 January 1632), active primarily at the courts in Kassel and Prague, was a Swiss clockmaker, a maker of astronomical instruments and a mathematician.
The name Joyce is a contemporary given-name used for females and rarely used by males.
The Jutes, Iuti, or Iutæ were a Germanic people.
The Kamateros (Καματηρός), Latinized Camaterus, were a Byzantine family of functionaries from Constantinople that became prominent in the 10th–12th centuries.
The house of Kantakouzenos (Kantakouzenoi; Καντακουζηνός, pl. Καντακουζηνοί), Latinized as Cantacuzenus and Anglicized as Cantacuzene, was one of the most prominent noble families of the Byzantine Empire in the last centuries of its existence.
Kappa Aquarii (κ Aquarii, abbreviated Kappa Aqr, κ Aqr) is a probable binary star in the equatorial constellation of Aquarius.
Kappa Aquilae, Latinized from κ Aquilae, is the Bayer designation for a star in the equatorial constellation of Aquila.
Kappa Arietis, Latinized from κ Arietis, is the Bayer designation for a binary star in the northern constellation of Aries.
Kappa Aurigae, Latinized as κ Aurigae, is the Bayer designation for a star in the northern constellation of Auriga.
Kappa Cancri, Latinized from κ Cancri, is a blue-white hued binary star system in the zodiac constellation of Cancer.
Kappa Canis Majoris, Latinized from κ Canis Majoris, is a solitary, blue-white hued star in the constellation Canis Major.
Kappa Cephei, Latinized from κ Cephei, is a binary star in the constellation Cepheus.
Kappa Chamaeleonitis, Latinized from κ Chamaeleonitis, is a star located in the constellation Chamaeleon.
Kappa Columbae, Latinized from κ Columbae, is a solitary star in the southern constellation of Columba.
Kappa Coronae Borealis, Latinized from κ Coronae Borealis, is a star approximately 102 light years away in the constellation of Corona Borealis.
Kappa Cygni, Latinized from κ Cygni, is a star in the northern constellation of Cygnus.
Kappa Draconis, Latinized from κ Draconis, is a blue giant star located in the northern circumpolar constellation of Draco.
Kappa Eridani, Latinized from κ Eri, is a solitary star in the constellation Eridanus.
Kappa Herculis (κ Herculis, abbreviated Kap Her, κ Her) is a double star in the constellation of Hercules.
Kappa Leonis, Latinized from κ Leonis, is a double star in the constellation Leo.
Kappa Leporis, Latinized from κ Leporis, is a binary star system in the southern constellation of Lepus.
Kappa Librae, Latinized from κ Librae, is the Bayer designation for a star system in the zodiac constellation of Libra.
Kappa Lyrae, Latinized from κ Lyrae, is a solitary 4th magnitude star approximately 238 light years away from Earth, in the northern constellation of Lyra.
Kappa Normae, Latinized from κ Normae, is a solitary, yellow hued star in the southern constellation of Norma.
Kappa Persei (κ Persei, abbreviated Kap Per, κ Per) is a triple star system in the northern constellation of Perseus.
Kappa Pyxidis, Latinized from κ Pyxidis, is a single star in the constellation of Pyxis, with an apparent magnitude of +4.62.
Kappa Scorpii, Latinized from κ Scorpii, is a binary star system in the southern constellation of Scorpius.
Kappa Serpentis, Latinized from κ Serpentis, is a star in the constellation Serpens, in its head (Serpens Caput).
Kappa Ursae Majoris (κ Ursae Majoris, abbreviated Kap UMa, κ UMa) is a binary star in the constellation of Ursa Major.
Kappa Velorum (κ Velorum, abbreviated Kap Vel, κ Vel) is a binary star system in the southern constellation of Vela.
Kappa Virginis (κ Virginis, abbreviated Kap Vir, κ Vir), also named Kang, is a solitary star in the zodiac constellation of Virgo.
Kappa1 Apodis, Latinized from κ1 Apodis, is the Bayer designation for a binary star system in the southern circumpolar constellation of Apus.
Kappa2 Sculptoris, Latinized from κ2 Sculptoris, is a solitary, orange-hued star in the southern constellation of Sculptor.
Kütahya is a city in western Turkey with 237,804 inhabitants (2011 estimate), lying on the Porsuk river, at 969 metres above sea level.
Kerameikos also known by its Latinized form Ceramicus, is an area of Athens, Greece, located to the northwest of the Acropolis, which includes an extensive area both within and outside the ancient city walls, on both sides of the Dipylon (Δίπυλον) Gate and by the banks of the Eridanos River.
Lot or Loth is the king of Lothian in the Arthurian legend.
The Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria, also known as Galicia or Austrian Poland, became a crownland of the Habsburg Monarchy as a result of the First Partition of Poland in 1772 and the Third Partition of Poland in 1795, when it became a Kingdom under Habsburg rule.
Knossos (also Cnossos, both pronounced; Κνωσός, Knōsós) is the largest Bronze Age archaeological site on Crete and has been called Europe's oldest city.
Komnenos (Κομνηνός), Latinized Comnenus, plural Komnenoi or Comneni (Κομνηνοί), is a noble family who ruled the Byzantine Empire from 1081 to 1185, and later, as the Grand Komnenoi (Μεγαλοκομνηνοί, Megalokomnenoi) founded and ruled the Empire of Trebizond (1204–1461).
Konstantios Doukas (Κωνστάντιος Δούκας, 1060–1082), Latinized as Constantius Ducas, was a junior Byzantine Emperor from 1060–1078, and a senior Byzantine Emperor for a short time in 1078.
Kouropalatēs, Latinized as curopalates or curopalata (κουροπαλάτης, from cura palatii " charge of the palace").
Kuperus and Cuperus are Latinized versions of the common Dutch surname Kuiper (and spelling variations) meaning cooper.
Godiva, Countess of Mercia (died between 1066 and 1086), in Old English Godgifu, was an English noblewoman who, according to a legend dating at least to the 13th century, rode naked – covered only in her long hair – through the streets of Coventry to gain a remission of the oppressive taxation that her husband imposed on his tenants.
Lagertha was, according to legend, a Viking shieldmaiden and ruler from what is now Norway, and the onetime wife of the famous Viking Ragnar Lodbrok.
Lambda Aquilae, Latinized from λ Aquilae, is a star in the constellation Aquila.
Lambda Boötis (λ Boötis, abbreviated Lam Boo, λ Boo), also named Xuange, is a star in the northern constellation of Boötes.
Lambda Caeli, Latinized from λ Caeli, is a star in the constellation Caelum.
Lambda Cancri (λ Cancri, abbreviated Lambda Cnc, λ Cnc) is a blue-white hued spectroscopic binary star in the zodiac constellation of Cancer.
Lambda Capricorni, Latinized from λ Capricorni, is a solitary star in the southern constellation of Capricornus.
Lambda Cassiopeiae, Latinized from λ Cassiopeiae, is a binary star system, in the northern constellation of Cassiopeia.
Lambda Ceti, Latinized from λ Ceti, is B-type star of fifth-magnitude located in the constellation Cetus.
Lambda Chamaeleontis, Latinized from λ Chamaeleontis, is a star located in the constellation Musca.
Lambda Columbae, Latinized from λ Columbae, is a probable binary star in the southern constellation of Columba.
Lambda Crateris, Latinized from λ Crateris, is the Bayer designation for a suspected binary star system in the southern constellation of Crater.
Lambda Draconis (λ Draconis, abbreviated Lam Dra, λ Dra), also named Giausar, is a solitary, orange-red star in the northern circumpolar constellation of Draco.
Lambda Geminorum, Latinized from λ Geminorum, is a class A3, fourth-magnitude star in the constellation Gemini.
Lambda Gruis, Latinized from λ Gruis, is a solitary, orange-hued star in the southern constellation of Grus.
Lambda Herculis (λ Herculis. abbreviated Lambda Her, λ Her), also named Maasym, is a star in the constellation of Hercules.
Lambda Leonis (λ Leonis, abbreviated Lam Leo, λ Leo), also named Alterf, is a star in the constellation of Leo.
Lambda Lupi, Latinized from λ Lupi, is a triple star system in the southern constellation of Lupus.
Lambda Mensae, Latinized from λ Mensae, is an orange-hued star in the southern constellation of Mensa.
Lambda Ophiuchi (λ Ophiuchi, abbreviated Lambda Oph, λ Oph) is a triple star system in the constellation of Ophiuchus.
Lambda Piscium, Latinized from λ Piscium, is a solitary, white-hued star in the zodiac constellation of Pisces.
Lambda Sagittarii (λ Sagittarii, abbreviated Lambda Sgr, λ Sgr), also named Kaus Borealis, is a star within the southern constellation of Sagittarius.
Lambda Scorpii (λ Scorpii, abbreviated Lambda Sco, λ Sco), also named Shaula, is (despite being designated 'Lambda') the second-brightest star system in the constellation of Scorpius, and one of the brightest stars in the nighttime sky.
Lambda Ursae Majoris (λ Ursae Majoris, abbreviated Lambda UMa, λ UMa), also named Tania Borealis, is a star in the northern circumpolar constellation of Ursa Major.
Lambda Velorum (λ Velorum, abbreviated Lambda Vel, λ Vel), also named Suhail, is a star in the southern constellation of Vela. With a mean apparent visual magnitude of 2.21, this is the third-brightest star in the constellation and one of the brighter stars in the sky. The distance to this star can be measured directly using the parallax technique, yielding an estimated from the Sun.
Lambda Virginis (λ Virginis, abbreviated Lam Vir, λ Vir) is a binary star system in the zodiac constellation of Virgo.
Lambda1 Sculptoris, Latinized from λ1 Sculptoris, is a double star system in the southern constellation of Sculptor.
Lambertus is a Latinized version of the Germanic masculine given name Lambert.
Lantfrid (also Landfrid or Lanfred, Latinised Lantfridus or Lanfredus) (died 730) was duke of Alamannia under Frankish sovereignty from 709 until his death.
Larissa (Λάρισα) is a female given name of Greek origin that is common in Eastern European nations of Orthodox church heritage.
Latin is an Italic language, originally spoken in ancient Rome and its empire.
Latinisation or Latinization can refer to.
A Latinism (rarely also known as a Latinity) is an word, idiom, or structure a language other than Latin that is derived from, or suggestive of, the Latin language.
Latvia (or; Latvija), officially the Republic of Latvia (Latvijas Republika), is a sovereign state in the Baltic region of Northern Europe.
Laudine is a character in Chrétien de Troyes's 12th-century romance Yvain, or, The Knight with the Lion and all of its adaptations, which include the Welsh tale of Owain, or the Lady of the Fountain and the German epic Iwein by Hartmann von Aue.
Leicester ("Lester") is a city and unitary authority area in the East Midlands of England, and the county town of Leicestershire.
Lekapenos (Λεκαπηνός) or Lakapenos (Λακαπηνός), usually Latinized as Lecapenus, feminine form Lekapene (Λεκαπηνή), was the name of a Byzantine family of humble, ethnic Armenian background, which intermarried with and almost managed to usurp the throne from the Macedonian dynasty in the first half of the 10th century.
Leo Sgouros (Λέων Σγουρός), Latinized as Leo Sgurus, was a Greek independent lord in the northeastern Peloponnese in the early 13th century.
Leonardus is a Latinized version of the Germanic name masculine name Leonard.
Leopold Blaschka (27 May 1822 – 3 July 1895) and his son Rudolf Blaschka (17 June 1857 – 1 May 1939) were Dresden, Germany glass artists native to the Bohemian (Czech)–German borderland, known for the production of biological models such as the glass sea creatures and Harvard University's Glass Flowers.
Lest Darkness Fall is an alternate history science fiction novel written in 1939 by author L. Sprague de Camp.
Letocetum is the ancient remains of a Roman settlement.
Lettice Knollys (sometimes latinized as Laetitia, alias Lettice Devereux or Lettice Dudley), Countess of Essex and Countess of Leicester (8 November 1543Adams 2008a – 25 December 1634), was an English noblewoman and mother to the courtiers Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex, and Lady Penelope Rich, although via her marriage to Elizabeth I's favourite, Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester, she incurred the Queen's unrelenting displeasure.
Lindinis or Lendiniae was a small town in the Roman province of Britannia.
Lindum Colonia, was the Roman name for the settlement which is now the City of Lincoln in Lincolnshire.
Lisieux is a commune in the Calvados department in the Normandy region in northwestern France.
This List of Chinese quotations is composed of quotations that are important for Chinese culture, history and politics.
This list covers English language country names with their etymologies.
This is a list of locales in Hudson County, New Jersey categorized by origin of their name.
Nieuw-Nederland, or New Netherland, was the seventeenth-century colonial province of the Republic of the Seven United Netherlands on northeastern coast of North America.
Official participation in the Synod of Dort, held in 1618–9 in Dordrecht in the Netherlands, consisted of different groups: Dutch ministers, church elders, and theologians; representatives of churches outside the Dutch Republic; and Dutch lay politicians.
This is a partial list of notable Polish or Polish-speaking or -writing persons.
Slovene philosophy includes philosophers who were either Slovenes or came from what is now Slovenia.
This list of words that may be spelled with a ligature in English encompasses words which have letters that may, in modern usage, either be rendered as two distinct letters or as a single, combined letter.
Little Cheverell is a small village and civil parish in Wiltshire, England.
Lloegyr is the medieval Welsh name for a region of Britain.
Lodomeria is a derivative name (Latinized) of Vladimir (Old Slavic: Володимѣръ, Wolodymer) which was a name of the Ruthenian duchy, Volhyn a western Kievan Rus' principality founded by the Rurik dynasty in 987 centered in the region of Volhynia, straddling the borders of modern-day Poland, Ukraine and Belarus.
Lotus, a latinization of Greek lōtos (λωτός), is a genus that includes most bird's-foot trefoils (also known as bacon-and-eggs) and deervetches and contains many dozens of species distributed worldwide.
Ludovicus is a Latinized form of the Germanic masculine given name Hludwig ("Louis").It has been used as a baptismal name in the Low Countries, especially in Belgium; bearers often use(d) Lodewijk or short forms like Lode, Lou, Louis, or Ludo in daily life.
Macarius is a Latinized form of a Greek given name Makarios.
The Malagasy giant chameleon or Oustalets's chameleon (Furcifer oustaleti) is a very large species of chameleon which is endemic to Madagascar, but also has been introduced near Nairobi in Kenya (though its current status there is unclear).
The Malleus Maleficarum, usually translated as the Hammer of Witches, is the best known and the most important treatise on witchcraft.
Malta, officially known as the Republic of Malta (Repubblika ta' Malta), is a Southern European island country consisting of an archipelago in the Mediterranean Sea.
Mamucium, also known as Mancunium, is a former Roman fort in the Castlefield area of Manchester in North West England.
Manchester is a city and metropolitan borough in Greater Manchester, England, with a population of 530,300.
Manuel Komnenos Doukas, Latinized as Ducas (Μανουήλ Κομνηνός Δούκας, Manouēl Komnēnos Doukas; c. 1187 – c. 1241), commonly simply Manuel Doukas (Μανουήλ Δούκας) and rarely also called Manuel Angelos (Μανουήλ Ἄγγελος), was ruler of Thessalonica from 1230 to 1237 and, after his expulsion from Thessalonica, of Thessaly from 1239 until his death in c. 1241.
Marcus Antonius Coccius Sabellicus (1436–1506) was a scholar and historian from Venice.
Marcus Zuerius van Boxhorn (August 28, 1612 – October 3, 1653) was a Dutch scholar (his Latinized name was Marcus Zuerius Boxhornius).
The mark was a currency or unit of account in many nations.
Marko Gerbec (24 October 1658 – 9 March 1718; Latinized: Marcus Gerbezius) was a Carniolan physician and scientist, notable as the founder of modern medicine among the Slovenes and for the first description of Adams–Stokes syndrome.
Marplesornis novaezealandiae, also referred to as Harris' penguin is a genus and species of extinct penguin from New Zealand.
Martin Kraus (Gräfenberg, 19 September 1524 – Tübingen, 7 March 1607), commonly Latinized as Crusius, was a German classicist and historian, and long-time professor (1559–1607) at the University of Tübingen.
Martin Waldseemüller (Latinized as Martinus Ilacomylus, Ilacomilus or Hylacomylus; c. 1470 – 16 March 1520) was a German cartographer.
* Confucius is the Latinization of the Chinese name (Kongzi) for which the literal anglicization is "Master Kong.".
Matthäus Aurogallus, Matthäus Goldhahn (1490 – 10 November 1543) was a Czech linguist.
Matthew (died 1274) was a 13th-century cleric based in the Kingdom of Scotland.
Matthew is an English language given name.
Matuku otagoense, also referred to as the Saint Bathans heron, is an extinct genus and species of heron from the Early Miocene of New Zealand.
Maurikios Chartoularios (Μαυρίκιος ὀ χαρτουλάριος), Latinized as Mauricius Chartularius (died 643 at Ravenna), was a Byzantine rebel in Italy.
The Mauritius blue pigeon (Alectroenas nitidissimus) is an extinct species of blue pigeon formerly endemic to the Mascarene island of Mauritius in the Indian Ocean east of Madagascar.
In Irish origin legends, Míl Espáine or Míl Espáne (later Latinized as Milesius; also Miled/Miledh) is the mythical ancestor of the final inhabitants of Ireland, the "sons of Míl" or Milesians, who represent the vast majority of the Irish Gaels.
McCown is a Celtic-language surname with several possible etymological origins.
A medal or medallion is a small portable artistic object, a thin disc, normally of metal, carrying a design, usually on both sides.
Mediolanum, the ancient Milan, was originally an Insubrian city, but afterwards became an important Roman city in northern Italy.
The megas doux (μέγας δούξ; grand duke) was one of the highest positions in the hierarchy of the later Byzantine Empire, denoting the commander-in-chief of the Byzantine navy.
A melon is any of various plants of the family Cucurbitaceae with sweet edible, fleshy fruit.
Mercia (Miercna rīce) was one of the kingdoms of the Anglo-Saxon Heptarchy.
Merlin (Myrddin) is a legendary figure best known as the wizard featured in Arthurian legend and medieval Welsh poetry.
Michael I Komnenos Doukas, Latinized as Comnenus Ducas (Μιχαήλ Κομνηνός Δούκας, Mikhaēl Komnēnos Doukas), and in modern sources often recorded as Michael I Angelos, a name he never used, was the founder and first ruler of the Despotate of Epirus from until his assassination in 1214/15.
Michael II Komnenos Doukas, Latinized as Comnenus Ducas (Μιχαήλ Β΄ Κομνηνός Δούκας, Mikhaēl II Komnēnos Doukas), often called Michael Angelos in narrative sources, was from 1230 until his death in 1266/68 the ruler of the Despotate of Epirus, which included Epirus in northwestern Greece, the western part of Greek Macedonia and Thessaly, and western Greece as far south as Nafpaktos.
Michael Florent van Langren (bapt. 27 April 1598 Amsterdam – May 1675 Brussels) was an astronomer and cartographer of the Low Countries in the service of the Spanish Monarchy.
Michiel Coxie, Coxie also spelled van Coxcie or de Coxien, Latinised name Coxius (1499 – 3 March 1592), was a Flemish painter who studied under Bernard van Orley, who probably induced him to visit the Italian peninsula.
Mihrdat II (მირდატ II, Latinized as Mithridates), of the Arsacid dynasty, was a king of Iberia (natively known as Kartli; ancient Georgia) from 249 to 265 AD.
Mihrdat III (მირდატ III, Latinized as Mithridates), of the Chosroid Dynasty, was the king of Iberia (Kartli, eastern Georgia) from c. 365 to 380 (diarch 370–378).
Mihrdat IV (მირდატ IV, Latinized as Mithridates), of the Chosroid Dynasty, was the king of Iberia (Kartli, eastern Georgia) from c. 409 to 411.
Mihrdat V (მირდატ V, Latinized as Mithridates), of the Chosroid Dynasty, was the king of Iberia (Kartli, eastern Georgia) reigning, according to a medieval Georgian literary tradition, for 12 years, from c. 435 to 447 (according to Cyril Toumanoff).
Mikael Toppelius (10 August 1734, Oulu – 27 December 1821, Oulu) was a Finnish church painter; the last significant representative of the Ostrobothnian church painting tradition.
Milan (Milano; Milan) is a city in northern Italy, capital of Lombardy, and the second-most populous city in Italy after Rome, with the city proper having a population of 1,380,873 while its province-level municipality has a population of 3,235,000.
Miotadorna sanctibathansi is an extinct tadornine duck from the Miocene of New Zealand.
Monte Barraù (also known as Monte Barracù) is a mountain in the Monti Sicani, in Sicily, southern Italy.
Mozi (Latinized as Micius; c. 470 – c. 391 BC), original name Mo Di (墨翟), was a Chinese philosopher during the Hundred Schools of Thought period (early Warring States period).
Mu Aquarii, Latinized from μ Aquarii, is the Bayer designation for a binary star system in the equatorial constellation of Aquarius.
Mu Arae (μ Arae, abbreviated Mu Ara, μ Ara), often designated HD 160691, also named Cervantes, is a main sequence G-type star approximately 50 light-years away from the Sun in the constellation of Ara.
Mu Arietis, Latinized from μ Arietis, is the Bayer designation for a star system in the northern constellation of Aries.
Mu Aurigae, Latinized as μ Aurigae, is the Bayer designation for a single, white-hued star in the northern constellation of Auriga.
Mu Boötis, Latinized from μ Boötis, consists of a pair of double stars in the northern constellation of Boötes.
Mu Centauri, Latinized from μ Centauri, is a third-magnitude star in the southern constellation of Centaurus.
Mu Coronae Borealis, Latinized from μ Coronae Borealis, is a solitary, ruby-hued star located in the northern constellation of Corona Borealis.
Mu Crucis, Latinized from μ Crucis, is the seventh-brightest star in the constellation Crux, or Southern Cross.
Mu Draconis (μ Draconis, abbreviated Mu Dra, μ Dra) is a multiple star system near the head of the constellation of Draco.
Mu Geminorum (μ Geminorum, abbreviated Mu Gem, μ Gem) is a double star in the northern constellation of Gemini.
Mu Leonis (μ Leonis, abbreviated Mu Leo, μ Leo), also named Rasalas, is a star in the constellation of Leo.
Mu Leporis, Latinized from μ Leporis, is a star in the southern constellation of Lepus.
Mu Muscae, Latinized from μ Muscae, is a solitary star in the southern constellation of Musca.
Mu Pegasi (μ Pegasi, abbreviated Mu Peg, μ Peg), also named Sadalbari, is a star in the northern constellation of Pegasus.
Mu Sagittarii (μ Sagittarii, abbreviated Mu Sgr, μ Sgr) is a multiple star system in the constellation of Sagittarius.
Mu Serpentis, Latinized from μ Serpentis, is a binary star in the Serpens Caput (head) section of the equatorial constellation Serpens.
Mu Ursae Majoris (μ Ursae Majoris, abbreviated Mu UMa, μ UMa), also named Tania Australis, is a binary star in the constellation of Ursa Major.
Mu1 Cancri, Latinized from μ1 Cancri, is a evolved red giant star in the zodiac constellation of Cancer.
Mu1 Gruis, Latinized from μ1 Gruis, is a binary star system in the southern constellation of Grus.
Mu¹ Scorpii (μ¹ Scorpii, abbreviated Mu¹ Sco, μ¹ Sco) is a binary star system in the southern zodiac constellation of Scorpius.
Mu2 Gruis, Latinized from μ2 Gruis, is a yellow-hued star or star system in the southern constellation of Grus.
Mu2 Scorpii (μ2 Scorpii, abbreviated Mu2 Sco, μ2 Sco), also named Pipirima, is a star in the zodiac constellation of Scorpius.
MuhammadFull name: Abū al-Qāsim Muḥammad ibn ʿAbd Allāh ibn ʿAbd al-Muṭṭalib ibn Hāšim (ابو القاسم محمد ابن عبد الله ابن عبد المطلب ابن هاشم, lit: Father of Qasim Muhammad son of Abd Allah son of Abdul-Muttalib son of Hashim) (مُحمّد;;Classical Arabic pronunciation Latinized as Mahometus c. 570 CE – 8 June 632 CE)Elizabeth Goldman (1995), p. 63, gives 8 June 632 CE, the dominant Islamic tradition.
There is some confusion in the literature on whether al-Khwārizmī's full name is ابو عبد الله محمد بن موسى الخوارزمي or ابو جعفر محمد بن موسی الخوارزمی.
Abū Bakr Muhammad ibn Zakariyyā al-Rāzī (Abūbakr Mohammad-e Zakariyyā-ye Rāzī, also known by his Latinized name Rhazes or Rasis) (854–925 CE), was a Persian polymath, physician, alchemist, philosopher, and important figure in the history of medicine.
Mundo (Μοῦνδος; Moundos; died 536), commonly referred to in the Latinized form Mundus, was a Germanic general of the Byzantine Empire during the reign of Justinian I.
Muntjacs, also known as barking deer and Mastreani deer, are small deer of the genus Muntiacus.
Myoporum mauritianum is a flowering plant in the figwort family Scrophulariaceae and is endemic to a few volcanic islands in the Indian Ocean.
Nafpaktos (Ναύπακτος) is a town and a former municipality in Aetolia-Acarnania, West Greece, Greece, situated on a bay on the north coast of the Gulf of Corinth, west of the mouth of the river Mornos.
Jogaila, later Władysław II JagiełłoFor the sake of simplicity, this article uses the Lithuanian form Jogaila for the early period of his life and the Polish form Władysław for the period following his accession to the Polish throne.
The city of Istanbul has been known by a number of different names.
Nehalennia (spelled variously) is a goddess of unclear origin, perhaps Germanic or Celtic, Nehalennia is attested on and depicted upon numerous votive altars discovered around what is now the province of Zeeland, the Netherlands, where the Rhine River flowed into the North Sea.
Nerium oleander is a shrub or small tree in the dogbane family Apocynaceae, toxic in all its parts.
In Germanic paganism, Nerthus is a goddess associated with fertility.
The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.
The New Caledonian snipe (Coenocorypha neocaledonica) is an extinct species of austral snipe described from late Holocene cave deposits of New Caledonia.
Nicholas of Cusa (1401 – 11 August 1464), also referred to as Nicholas of Kues and Nicolaus Cusanus, was a German philosopher, theologian, jurist, and astronomer.
Nicholas Epigingles (Νικόλαος Ἐπιγίγγλης), better known by his Latinized surname Picingli, was a Byzantine general active in southern Italy and the Balkans.
Nicholas Udall (or Uvedale Udal, Woodall, or other variations) (1504 – 23 December 1556) was an English playwright, cleric, and schoolmaster, the author of Ralph Roister Doister, generally regarded as the first comedy written in the English language.
Nicolas Steno (Niels Steensen; Latinized to Nicolaus Stenonis or Nicolaus Stenonius; 1 January 1638 – 25 November 1686 – Aber, James S. 2007. Retrieved 11 January 2012.) was a Danish scientist, a pioneer in both anatomy and geology who became a Catholic bishop in his later years.
Nicolaus Reimers Baer (2 February 1551 – 16 October 1600), also Reimarus Ursus, Nicolaus Reimers Bär or Nicolaus Reymers Baer, was an astronomer and imperial mathematician to Emperor Rudolf II.
Nikephoros (Νικηφόρος), also Latinized as Nicephorus or Nicephoros, was the second son of Byzantine emperor Constantine V (reigned 741–775) and Caesar of the Byzantine Empire.
Nikephoros Basilakes (Νικηφόρος Βασιλάκης), frequently encountered simply as Basilakios (Βασιλάκιος), Latinized as Nicephorus Basilacius, was a Byzantine general and aristocrat of the late 11th century, who in 1078/79 tried to overthrow the Emperor Nikephoros III Botaneiates and was defeated by Alexios Komnenos.
Nikephoros II Phokas (Latinized: Nicephorus II Phocas; Νικηφόρος Β΄ Φωκᾶς, Nikēphóros II Phōkãs; c. 912 – 11 December 969) was Byzantine Emperor from 963 to 969.
Nikephoros Melissenos (Νικηφόρος Μελισσηνός, ca. 1045 – 17 November 1104), Latinized as Nicephorus Melissenus, was a Byzantine general and aristocrat.
Nikephoros Ouranos (Νικηφόρος Οὐρανός; fl. c. 980 – c. 1010), Latinized as Nicephorus Uranus, was a high-ranking Byzantine official and general during the reign of Emperor Basil II (r. 976–1025).
Nils Håkansson (Latinized as Nicolaus Haquini) was a late medieval Swedish painter from Vadstena, known for his wall paintings in numerous churches in Scania (then the Eastern part of Denmark).
The Normans (Norman: Normaunds; Normands; Normanni) were the people who, in the 10th and 11th centuries, gave their name to Normandy, a region in France.
Norsemen are a group of Germanic people who inhabited Scandinavia and spoke what is now called the Old Norse language between 800 AD and c. 1300 AD.
Northwich is a town and civil parish in the unitary authority of Cheshire West and Chester and the ceremonial county of Cheshire, England.
Nortia is the Latinized name of the Etruscan goddess Nurtia (variant manuscript readings include Norcia, Norsia, Nercia, and Nyrtia), whose sphere of influence was time, fate, destiny, and chance.
Michel de Nostredame (depending on the source, 14 or 21 December 1503 – 2 July 1566), usually Latinised as Nostradamus was a French physician and reputed seer, who is best known for his book Les Propheties, a collection of 942 poetic quatrains allegedly predicting future events. The book was first published in 1555 and has rarely been out of print since his death. Nostradamus's family was originally Jewish, but had converted to Catholicism before he was born. He studied at the University of Avignon, but was forced to leave after just over a year when the university closed due to an outbreak of the plague. He worked as an apothecary for several years before entering the University of Montpellier, hoping to earn a doctorate, but was almost immediately expelled after his work as an apothecary (a manual trade forbidden by university statutes) was discovered. He first married in 1531, but his wife and two children were killed in 1534 during another plague outbreak. He fought alongside doctors against the plague before remarrying to Anne Ponsarde, who bore him six children. He wrote an almanac for 1550 and, as a result of its success, continued writing them for future years as he began working as an astrologer for various wealthy patrons. Catherine de' Medici became one of his foremost supporters. His Les Propheties, published in 1555, relied heavily on historical and literary precedent and initially received mixed reception. He suffered from severe gout towards the end of his life, which eventually developed in edema. He died on 2 July 1566. Many popular authors have retold apocryphal legends about his life. In the years since the publication of his Les Propheties, Nostradamus has attracted a large number of supporters, who, along with much of the popular press, credit him with having accurately predicted many major world events. Most academic sources reject the notion that Nostradamus had any genuine supernatural prophetic abilities and maintain that the associations made between world events and Nostradamus's quatrains are the result of misinterpretations or mistranslations (sometimes deliberate). These academics argue that Nostradamus's predictions are characteristically vague, meaning they could be applied to virtually anything, and are useless for determining whether their author had any real prophetic powers. They also point out that English translations of his quatrains are almost always of extremely poor quality, based on later manuscripts, produced by authors with little knowledge of sixteenth-century French, and often deliberately mistranslated to make the prophecies fit whatever events the translator believed they were supposed to have predicted.
In ancient Roman religion, the dii (also di) Novensiles or Novensides are collective deities of obscure significance found in inscriptions, prayer formulary, and both ancient and early-Christian literary texts.
Noviomagus Reginorum was the Roman town which is today called Chichester, situated in the modern English county of West Sussex.
Nu Arietis, Latinized from ν Arietis, is the Bayer designation for a white-hued star in the northern constellation of Aries.
Nu Aurigae, Latinized from ν Aurigae, is the Bayer designation for a star in the northern constellation of Auriga.
Nu Cancri, Latinized from ν Cancri, is a binary star in the zodiac constellation of Cancer.
Nu Capricorni (ν Capricorni, abbreviated Nu Cap, ν Cap) is a binary star in the southern constellation of Capricornus.
Nu Cassiopeiae, Latinized from ν Cassiopeiae, is a solitary star in the northern constellation of Cassiopeia.
Nu Cygni, Latinized from ν Cygni, is a binary star system in the constellation Cygnus.
Nu Doradus, Latinized from ν Doradus, is the Bayer designation for a single, blue-white hued star in the southern constellation of Dorado.
Nu Fornacis, Latinized from ν For, is a class B9.5III (blue giant) star in the constellation Fornax.
Nu Herculis, Latinized from ν Herculis, is a star in the constellation of Hercules.
Nu Horologii, Latinized from ν Horologii, is the Bayer designation for a single star in the southern constellation of Horologium.
Nu Hydrae, Latinized from ν Hydrae, is an orange-hued star in the constellation Hydra, near the border with the neighboring constellation of Crater.
Nu Leporis, Latinized from ν Leporis, is a probable astrometric binary star system in the constellation Lepus.
Nu Scorpii (ν Scorpii, abbreviated Nu Sco, ν Sco) is a multiple star system in the constellation of Scorpius.
Nu Ursae Majoris (ν Ursae Majoris, abbreviated Nu UMa, ν UMa), also named Alula Borealis, is a double star in the northern circumpolar constellation of Ursa Major.
Nu1 Columbae, Latinized from ν1 Columbae, is a star in the southern constellation of Columba.
Nu¹ Sagittarii (ν¹ Sagittarii, abbreviated Nu¹ Sgr, ν¹ Sgr) is a triple star system lying approximately 1,100 light-years from Earth.
Nu2 Arae, Latinized from ν2 Arae, is the Bayer designation for a star in the southern constellation of Ara.
Nu2 Lyrae, Latinized from ν2 Lyrae, or sometimes simply Nu Lyrae, is a solitary star in the northern constellation of Lyra.
Nu3 Canis Majoris, Latinized from ν3 Canis Majoris, is a binary star system in the southern constellation of Canis Major.
Numismatics is the study or collection of currency, including coins, tokens, paper money, and related objects.
Nur ad-Din al-Bitruji (also spelled Nur al-Din Ibn Ishaq Al-Betrugi and Abu Ishâk ibn al-Bitrogi; another spelling is al Bidrudschi) (known in the West by the Latinized name of Alpetragius) (died c. 1204) was a Spanish-Arab astronomer and a Qadi in al-Andalus.
O Páramo is a municipality in the Spanish province of Lugo, situated in Galicia.
Oikonomos (οἰκονόμος, from oiko- 'house' and -nomos 'rule, law'), latinized oeconomus or œconomus, was an Ancient Greek word meaning 'manager' or 'housekeeper'.
Olaf or Olav (or British Ōleifr, Anleifr; Old Norse: Áleifr, Ólafr) is a Scandinavian, German, and Dutch given name.
Óláfr Guðrøðarson, commonly known in English as Olaf the Black, was a mid 13th century sea-king who ruled the Isle of Man (Mann) and parts of the Hebrides.
Olof Persson, sometimes Petersson (6 January 1493 – 19 April 1552), better known under the Latin form of his name, Olaus Petri (or less commonly, Olavus Petri), was a clergyman, writer, judge and major contributor to the Protestant Reformation in Sweden.
Omega Aurigae, Latinized from ω Aurigae, is the Bayer designation for a double star in the northern constellation of Auriga.
Omega Canis Majoris, Latinized from ω Canis Majoris, is a solitary, blue-white hued star in the equatorial constellation of Canis Major.
Omega Carinae, Latinized from ω Carinae, is a star in the constellation Carina.
Omega Draconis, Latinized from ω Draconis and also known as 28 Draconis, is a binary star in the constellation of Draco.
Omega Fornacis, Latinized from ω Fornacis, is a chemically peculiar class B9.5V (blue main-sequence) star in the constellation Fornax.
Omega Geminorum, Latinized from ω Geminorum, is a star located in the middle of the northern zodiac constellation of Gemini.
Omega Herculis (ω Herculis, abbreviated Ome Her, ω Her) is a binary star system in the northern constellation of Hercules.
Omega Hydrae, Latinized from ω Hydrae, is a golden-hued star in the equatorial constellation of Hydra, located to the west-southwest of the brighter star Zeta Hydrae.
Omega Lupi, Latinized from ω Lupi, is a double star in the southern constellation of Lupus.
Omega Sagittarii (ω Sagittarii, abbreviated Ome Sgr, ω Sgr), also named Terebellum, is a G-type subgiant star in the constellation of Sagittarius.
Omega1 Aquarii, Latinized from ω1 Aquarii, is the Bayer designation for a star in the equatorial constellation of Aquarius.
Omega1 Aquilae, Latinized from ω1 Aquilae, is the Bayer designation for a star in the equatorial constellation of Aquila.
Omega1 Cygni, Latinized from ω1 Cygni, is the Bayer designation for a solitary star in the northern constellation of Cygnus.
Omega2 Aquarii, Latinized from ω2 Aquarii, is the Bayer designation for a triple star system in the equatorial constellation of Aquarius.
Omega2 Aquilae, Latinized from ω2 Aquilae, is the Bayer designation for a star in the equatorial constellation of Aquila, the eagle.
Omega2 Cygni, Latinized from ω2 Cygni, is the Bayer designation for a solitary star in the northern constellation of Cygnus.
Omicron Aquarii, Latinized from ο Aquarii, is the Bayer designation for a star in the equatorial constellation of Aquarius.
Omicron Arietis, Latinized from ο Arietis, is the Bayer designation for a single, blue-white hued star in the northern constellation of Aries.
Omicron Aurigae, Latinized from ο Aurigae, is the Bayer designation for an astrometric binary star system in the northern constellation of Auriga.
Omicron Cephei, Latinized from ο Cephei, is a binary star in the constellation of Cepheus.
Omicron Coronae Borealis, Latinized from o Coronae Borealis, is a star in the northern constellation of Corona Borealis.
ο Eridani (Latinised as Omicron Eridani) refers to two distinct star systems in the constellation of Eridanus.
Omicron Geminorum (ο Geminorum, abbreviated Omi Gem, ο Gem), also named Jishui, is a solitary star in the constellation of Gemini.
Omicron Herculis, Latinized from o Herculis, is a multiple star system in the constellation Hercules.
Omicron Leonis (ο Leonis, abbreviated Omicron Leo, ο Leo) is a multiple star system in the constellation of Leo, west of Regulus, some 130 light-years from the Sun, where it marks one of the lion's forepaws.
Omicron Persei (ο Persei, abbreviated Omicron Per, ο Per) is a triple star system in the constellation of Perseus.
Omicron Piscium (ο Piscium, abbreviated Omi Psc, ο Psc) is a binary star in the constellation of Pisces.
Omicron Ursae Majoris (ο Ursae Majoris, abbreviated Omicron UMa, ο UMa), also named Muscida, is a star system in the northern circumpolar constellation of Ursa Major.
Omicron1 Cancri, Latinized from ο1 Cancri, is a solitary, white-hued star in the zodiac constellation of Cancer.
Omicron¹ Eridani (ο¹ Eridani, abbreviated Omicron¹ Eri, ο¹ Eri), also named Beid, is a variable star in the constellation of Eridanus.
Opperhoofd is a Dutch word (plural opperhoofden) that literally translates to "upper-head", meaning 'supreme headman'.
Owen is an anglicized variant of the Welsh name Owain.
Oyster is the common name for a number of different families of salt-water bivalve molluscs that live in marine or brackish habitats.
Pacurius (ბაკური) was a Chosroid prince of the Kingdom of Iberia (Kartli, eastern Georgia), and a military commander in the Roman service in Italy.
In evolutionary biology, parasitism is a relationship between species, where one organism, the parasite, lives on or in another organism, the host, causing it some harm, and is adapted structurally to this way of life.
A parish is a church territorial entity constituting a division within a diocese.
The parish with its local parish church is the basic unit of the Church of England.
The Paropamisadae, also known by other names, were a people and district of Gandhara, which stretched along the Hindu Kush range and lying between Kabul Valley of Afghanistan and Peshawar Valley of Pakistan.
Parsley or garden parsley (Petroselinum crispum) is a species of flowering plant in the family Apiaceae, native to the central Mediterranean region (southern Italy, Greece, Portugal, Spain, Malta, Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia), naturalized elsewhere in Europe, and widely cultivated as an herb, a spice, and a vegetable.
Pasta is a staple food of traditional Italian cuisine, with the first reference dating to 1154 in Sicily.
Paul Menesius (1637–1694, Latinized from Menzies, Russian transliteration: Павел Гаврилович Менезиус or Менезий or Миннюст) was a Scottish soldier and diplomat, who spent most of his life in the service of the Russian Tsar Alexei.
Paul Speratus (13 December 1484 – 12 August 1551) was a Catholic priest who became a Protestant preacher, reformer and hymn-writer.
The pea is most commonly the small spherical seed or the seed-pod of the pod fruit Pisum sativum.
Peder Sørensen, widely known by his Latinized name, Petrus Severinus (1542–1602), was a Danish physician, and one of the most significant followers of Paracelsus.
Peter Nigri (Latinized from Schwartz), known also as Peter George Niger (b. 1434 at Kaaden in Bohemia; d. between 1481 and 1484), was a Dominican theologian, preacher and controversialist.
Francesco Petrarca (July 20, 1304 – July 18/19, 1374), commonly anglicized as Petrarch, was a scholar and poet of Renaissance Italy who was one of the earliest humanists.
Petrus Kirstenius, latinised form of Peter Kirstein (December 25, 1577 – April 5, 1640, age 62) was a physician and orientalist.
Petrus Peckius the Elder (born Pieter Peck, also known as Pierre Peckius; 16 July 1529 in Zierikzee – 16 July 1589 in Mechelen), was an eminent Netherlandish jurist, one of the first to write about international maritime law, and the father of Petrus Peckius the Younger.
Petrus (or Peter) van Mastricht (or Maastricht) (1630 – February 9, 1706) was a Reformed theologian.
P'arsman IV (ფარსმან IV, sometimes Latinized as Pharasmanes), of the Chosroid Dynasty, was the king of Iberia (Kartli, eastern Georgia) from 406 to 409.
P'arsman V (ფარსმან V, sometimes Latinized as Pharasmanes), of the Chosroid Dynasty, was the king of Iberia (Kartli, eastern Georgia) from 547 to 561.
P'arsman VI (ფარსმან VI, sometimes Latinized as Pharasmanes), of the Chosroid Dynasty, became the king of Iberia (Kartli, eastern Georgia) in 561.
Phi Aquilae, Latinized from φ Aquilae, is the Bayer designation of a binary star system in the equatorial constellation of Aquila.
Phi Aurigae, Latinized from φ Aurigae, is the Bayer designation for a star in the northern constellation of Auriga.
Phi Centauri, Latinized from φ Centauri, is a blue-white hued star in the southern constellation Centaurus.
Phi Cygni, Latinized from φ Cygni, is a binary star system in the northern constellation of Cygnus.
Phi Geminorum, Latinized from φ Geminorum, is a binary star in the constellation Gemini, to the southwest of Pollux.
Phi Phoenicis, Latinized from φ Phoenicis, is a binary star system in the southern constellation of Phoenix.
Phi Velorum (φ Vel, φ Velorum) is a star in the constellation Vela.
Phi Virginis (φ Virginis, abbreviated Phi Vir, φ Vir) is a binary star in the zodiac constellation of Virgo.
Phi1 Cancri, Latinized from φ1 Cancri, is a solitary, orange-hued star in the constellation Cancer.
Phi1 Hydrae, Latinized from φ1 Hydrae, is a yellow-hued star in the constellation Hydra.
Phi2 Hydrae, Latinized from φ2 Hydrae, is a star in the constellation Hydra.
Phi2 Lupi, Latinized from φ2 Lupi, is a solitary star in the southern constellation of Lupus.
Philippe de Caverel, Latinized as Philippus Caverellius (1555–1636), was an abbot of the Benedictine Abbey of St. Vaast, Arras, and a councillor of state to the Archdukes Albert and Isabella.
Photios (Φώτιος) is a Greek name, Latinized as Photius.
Phren (mind; plural phrenes, φρένες) is an Ancient Greek word for the location of thought or contemplation.
Pi Aquarii, Latinized from π Aquarii, is the Bayer designation for a binary star in the equatorial constellation of Aquarius.
Pi Aquilae, Latinized from π Aquilae, is the Bayer designation for a binary star system in the equatorial constellation of Aquila, about 3° to the north of the bright star Altair.
Pi Arae, Latinized from π Arae, is the Bayer designation for a star in the southern constellation of Ara.
Pi Arietis, Latinized from π Arietis, is the Bayer designation for a multiple star system in the northern constellation of Aries.
Pi Aurigae, Latinized from π Aurigae, is the Bayer designation for a single, red-hued star in the northern constellation of Auriga.
Pi Boötis, Latinized from π Boötis, is a probable triple star system in the northern constellation of Boötes.
Pi Capricorni, Latinized from π Capricorni, is a triple star in the southern constellation of Capricornus.
Pi Cassiopeiae, Latinized from π Cassiopeiae, is a close binary star system in the constellation Cassiopeia.
Pi Centauri, Latinized from π Centauri, is a binary star in the constellation Centaurus.
Pi Ceti, Latinized from π Ceti, is the Bayer designation for a star system in the equatorial constellation of Cetus.
Pi Coronae Borealis, Latinized from π Coronae Borealis, is a solitary, orange-hued star in the northern constellation of Corona Borealis.
Pi Draconis, Latinized from π Dra, is a solitary star in the northern circumpolar constellation of Draco.
Pi Eridani, Latinized from π Eridani, is a star in the constellation Eridanus.
Pi Leonis, Latinized from π Leonis, is a star in the zodiac constellation Leo.
Pi Piscis Austrini, Latinized from π Piscis Austrini, is spectroscopic binary in the constellation Piscis Austrinus, with a well-determined period of 178.3177 days and an apparent magnitude of +5.12.
Pi Puppis, Latinized from π Puppis, also named Ahadi, is the second-brightest star in the southern constellation of Puppis.
Pi Sagittarii (π Sagittarii, abbreviated Pi Sgr, π Sgr) is a triple star system in the zodiac constellation of Sagittarius.
Pi Scorpii (π Scorpii, abbreviated Pi Sco, π Sco) is a triple star system in the southern constellation of Scorpius.
Pi Serpentis, Latinized from π Serpentis, is a solitary white-hued star in the constellation Serpens, located in its head, Serpens Caput.
Pi1 Columbae, Latinized from π1 Columbae, is an A-type star in the southern constellation of Columba.
Pi¹ Cygni (π¹ Cygni, abbreviated Pi¹ Cyg, π¹ Cyg) is a binary star in the northern constellation of Cygnus.
Pi2 Cygni, Latinized from π2 Cygni, is a triple star system in the northern constellation of Cygnus.
Pi³ Orionis (π³ Orionis, abbreviated Pi³ Ori, π³ Ori), also named Tabit, is a star in the equatorial constellation of Orion.
Pinus sabiniana (sometimes spelled P. sabineana), with the common names ghost pine, gray pine, California foothill pine, and the more historically and internationally used digger pine, is a pine endemic to California in the United States.
In 1015 and again in 1016 forces from the ''taifa'' of Denia, in the east of Muslim Spain (al-Andalus), attacked Sardinia and attempted to establish control over it.
Platydyptes is a genus of extinct penguins from the Late Oligocene to Early Miocene (about 27.3 to 21.7 million years ago) of New Zealand.
The platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus), sometimes referred to as the duck-billed platypus, is a semiaquatic egg-laying mammal endemic to eastern Australia, including Tasmania.
Poebrotherium is an extinct genus of terrestrial herbivore of the family Camelidae, endemic to North America from the Eocene through the Oligocene, 38—30.8 mya, thus having existed for approximately.
The Poles (Polacy,; singular masculine: Polak, singular feminine: Polka), commonly referred to as the Polish people, are a nation and West Slavic ethnic group native to Poland in Central Europe who share a common ancestry, culture, history and are native speakers of the Polish language.
Politics (from Politiká, meaning "affairs of the cities") is the process of making decisions that apply to members of a group.
Pollux, also designated Beta Geminorum (β Geminorum, abbreviated Beta Gem, β Gem), is an orange-hued evolved giant star approximately 34 light-years from the Sun in the northern constellation of Gemini.
Portishead is a coastal town on the Severn Estuary, close to Bristol, but within the unitary authority of North Somerset, which falls within the ceremonial county of Somerset, England.
Most of the Portuguese vocabulary comes from Latin, because Portuguese is a Romance language.
Praetorius, Prätorius, Prætorius was the name of several musicians and scholars in Germany.
A proboscis is an elongated appendage from the head of an animal, either a vertebrate or an invertebrate.
Proceratium petrosum is an extinct species of formicid in the ant subfamily Proceratiinae known from a fossil found in eastern Asia.
Prochoros Kydones (Πρόχορος Κυδώνης; Thessalonica, c. 1330 – Mount Athos, c. 1369), Latinized as Prochorus Cydones or Prochorus Cydonius was an Eastern Orthodox monk, theologian, and linguist.
Procyon, also designated Alpha Canis Minoris (α Canis Minoris, abbreviated Alpha CMi, α CMi), is the brightest star in the constellation of Canis Minor.
The prōtasēkrētis (πρωτασηκρῆτις), also found as prōtoasēkrētis (πρωτοασηκρῆτις) and Latinized as protasecretis or protoasecretis, was a senior official in the Byzantine bureaucracy.
Wahibre Psamtik I, known by the Greeks as Psammeticus or Psammetichus (Latinization of translit), who ruled 664–610 BC, was the first of three kings of that name of the Saite, or Twenty-sixth Dynasty of Egypt.
Pseudepigrapha (also anglicized as "pseudepigraph" or "pseudepigraphs") are falsely-attributed works, texts whose claimed author is not the true author, or a work whose real author attributed it to a figure of the past.
A pseudonym or alias is a name that a person or group assumes for a particular purpose, which can differ from their first or true name (orthonym).
Psi Aquilae, Latinized as ψ Aquilae, is the Bayer designation for a star in the equatorial constellation of Aquila.
Psi Crateris, Latinized from ψ Crateris, is the Bayer designation for a visual binary star system in the southern constellation of Crater.
Psi Eridani, Latinized from ψ Eridani, is a star in the constellation Eridanus.
Psi¹ Draconis (ψ¹ Draconis, abbreviated Psi¹ Dra, ψ¹ Dra), also designated 31 Draconis, is a triple star system in the northern constellation of Draco.
Psi2 Aquarii, Latinized from ψ2 Aquarii, is the Bayer designation for a star in the equatorial constellation of Aquarius.
Psi2 Aurigae, Latinized from ψ2 Aurigae, is a star in the constellation Auriga.
Psi3 Aquarii, Latinized from ψ3 Aquarii, is the Bayer designation for a visual binary star system in the constellation of Aquarius.
Psi3 Aurigae, Latinized from ψ3 Aurigae, is the Bayer designation for a single, blue-white hued star in the northern constellation of Auriga.
Psi4 Aurigae, Latinized from ψ4 Aurigae, is the Bayer designation for a single, orange-hued star in the northern constellation of Auriga.
Psi6 Aurigae, Latinized from ψ6 Aurigae, is the Bayer designation for a spectroscopic binary star in the northern constellation of Auriga.
Psi7 Aurigae, Latinized from ψ7 Aurigae, is the Bayer designation for a single star in the northern constellation of Auriga.
Psi9 Aurigae, Latinized from ψ9 Aurigae, is the Bayer designation for a star in the northern constellation of Auriga.
A psychic is a person who claims to use extrasensory perception (ESP) to identify information hidden from the normal senses, particularly involving telepathy or clairvoyance, or who performs acts that are apparently inexplicable by natural laws.
Radogost or Radigost (latinized as Rhadagastus) was a Catholic clergyman who served as Bishop of Bosnia in the late 12th century.
Ragnall mac Somairle (also known in Gaelic as Raghnall, Raonall, Raonull; in English as Ranald, Reginald; in Latin as Reginaldus; and in Old Norse as Rögnvaldr, Røgnvaldr, Rǫgnvaldr; died 1191/1192–/1227) was a significant late twelfth century magnate, seated on the western seaboard of Scotland.
Raffaello Sanzio da Urbino (March 28 or April 6, 1483April 6, 1520), known as Raphael, was an Italian painter and architect of the High Renaissance.
Ratae Corieltauvorum or simply Ratae was a town in the Roman province of Britannia.
Raukaua is a genus of flowering plants in the family Araliaceae.
Rǫgnvaldr Guðrøðarson (died 14 February 1229) ruled as King of the Isles from 1187 to 1226.
Reginald is a masculine given name in the English language.
Regulus, also designated Alpha Leonis (α Leonis, abbreviated Alpha Leo, α Leo), is the brightest star in the constellation of Leo and one of the brightest stars in the night sky, lying approximately 79 light years from the Sun.
Reiks (pronunciation; Latinized as rix) is a Gothic title for a tribal ruler, often translated as "king".
Rembert Dodoens (born Rembert Van Joenckema, 29 June 1517 – 10 March 1585) was a Flemish physician and botanist, also known under his Latinized name Rembertus Dodonaeus.
René Descartes (Latinized: Renatus Cartesius; adjectival form: "Cartesian"; 31 March 1596 – 11 February 1650) was a French philosopher, mathematician, and scientist.
Reo is a name appearing on Latin dedications to a Lusitanian-Gallaecian deity, usually with an epithet relating to a place, such as Reo Paramaeco discovered in Lugo in Galicia.
The resplendent quetzal (Pharomachrus mocinno) is a bird in the trogon family.
In Anglo-Saxon paganism, Rheda (Latinized from Old English *Hrêðe or *Hrêða, possibly meaning "the famous" or "the victorious"Simek (2007:159).) is a goddess connected with the month '"Rhedmonth"' (from Old English *Hrēþmōnaþ).
Rho Aquarii, Latinized from ρ Aquarii, is the Bayer designation for a binary star in the equatorial constellation of Aquarius.
Rho Boötis, Latinized from ρ Boötis, is a single, orange-hued star in the northern constellation of Boötes.
Rho Ceti, Latinized from ρ Ceti, is the Bayer designation for star in the equatorial constellation of Cetus.
Rho Cygni, Latinized from ρ Cyggni, is a yellow-hued star in the northern constellation of Cygnus.
Rho Hydrae, Latinized from ρ Hya, is a binary star in the equatorial constellation of Hydra.
Rho Lupi, Latinized from ρ Lupi, is a solitary star in the southern constellation of Lupus.
Rho Orionis, Latinized from ρ Orionis, is the Bayer designation for an orange-hued binary star system in the equatorial constellation of Orion.
Rho Puppis (ρ Puppis, abbreviated Rho Pup, ρ Pup), also named Tureis, is a star in the southern constellation of Puppis.
Rho Scorpii (ρ Scorpii, abbreviated Rho Sco, ρ Sco) is a double star in the constellation of Scorpius.
Rho Serpentis, Latinized from ρ Serpentis, is a star in the constellation Serpens.
Rho2 Cephei, Latinized from ρ2 Cephei, is a solitary star in the northern constellation of Cepheus.
Rho3 Eridani, Latinized from ρ3 Eridani, is a star located in the constellation Eridanus.
The Derwent is a river in Derbyshire, England.
Roath (Y Rhath) is a district and community to the north-east of the city centre of Cardiff, capital of Wales.
Rod (Polish, Slovenian, Croatian: Rod, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Russian, Serbian Cyrillic: Род, Ukrainian Cyrillic: Рід) is a conception of supreme God of the universe and of all its gods in Slavic Native Faith (Rodnovery).
Over the course of some fourteen centuries, the Romans and other peoples of Italy employed a system of nomenclature that differed from that used by other cultures of Europe and the Mediterranean, consisting of a combination of personal and family names.
Romanization or romanisation, in linguistics, is the conversion of writing from a different writing system to the Roman (Latin) script, or a system for doing so.
Romanization or Latinization (or Romanisation or Latinisation), in the historical and cultural meanings of both terms, indicate different historical processes, such as acculturation, integration and assimilation of newly incorporated and peripheral populations by the Roman Republic and the later Roman Empire.
Romanization is the representation in the Latin alphabet of a language normally written in another writing system.
Romanos I Lekapenos or Lakapenos (Ρωμανός Α΄ Λακαπηνός, Rōmanos I Lakapēnos; c. 870 – June 15, 948), Latinized as Romanus I Lecapenus, was an Armenian who became a Byzantine naval commander and reigned as Byzantine Emperor from 920 until his deposition on December 16, 944.
Roscelin of Compiègne, better known by his Latinized name Roscellinus Compendiensis or Rucelinus, was a French philosopher and theologian, often regarded as the founder of nominalism.
Rotheca is a genus of flowering plants in the family Lamiaceae.
Rowena in the Matter of Britain was the daughter of the mythological Anglo-Saxon chief Hengist and wife of Vortigern, "King of the Britons".
Ruthenians and Ruthenes are Latin exonyms which were used in Western Europe for the ancestors of modern East Slavic peoples, Rus' people with Ruthenian Greek Catholic religious background and Orthodox believers which lived outside the Rus'.
Sabrina is a feminine given name found primarily in Western European cultures and to a lesser extent in the Arabic world.
Saint Gildard, or Saint Gildardus, is a saint of the Roman Catholic Church.
Nonnus (Νόννος, Nónnos) was legendary 4th- or 5th-century Christian saint, said to have been an Egyptian monk who became a bishop in Syria and was responsible for the conversion of St Pelagia the harlot during one of the Synods of Antioch.
Sanatruk (Սանատրուկ, Latinized as Sanatruces) was a member of the Arsacid dynasty of Armenia who succeeded Tiridates I of Armenia as King of Armenia at the end of the 1st century.
Sapaudia or Sabaudia was an Alpine territory of late antiquity and the Dark Ages.
Saurmag II (საურმაგ II, Latinized as Sauromaces), of the Chosroid Dynasty, was a king of Iberia (Kartli, eastern Georgia) from 361 to 363 and diarch from 370 to 378.
The Saxons (Saxones, Sachsen, Seaxe, Sahson, Sassen, Saksen) were a Germanic people whose name was given in the early Middle Ages to a large country (Old Saxony, Saxonia) near the North Sea coast of what is now Germany.
Sébastien Basson, Latinized as Sebastianus Basso, was a French physician and natural philosopher of the beginning of the seventeenth century.
Scania, also known as Skåne, is the southernmost province (landskap) of Sweden.
A scar is an area of fibrous tissue that replaces normal skin after an injury.
Schroter's Valley, frequently known by the Latinized name Vallis Schröteri, is a sinuous valley or rille on the surface of the near side of the Moon.
Scrying (also known by various names such as "seeing" or "peeping") is the practice of looking into a suitable medium in the hope of detecting significant messages or visions.
Scultetus or Sculteti is the Latinized form of a family name.
Sebald or Sebalt de Weert (May 2, 1567 – May 30 or June 1603) was a Dutch captain and vice-admiral of the Dutch East India Company (known in Dutch as Vereenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie, VOC).
Sebecus (meaning "Sebek" in Latin) is an extinct genus of sebecid crocodylomorph from the Paleocene (Tiupampan) to Middle Miocene (Laventan) of South America.
Shibataea kumasaca, the ruscus-leaf bamboo or ruscus bamboo, is a species of bamboo.
Shimon Shteynberg (Ukrainian: Семен Наумович Штейнберґ; Yiddish: שמעון שטיינבערג; alternative Latinized spelling: Simon Steinberg; 21 June 1887 in Odessa – 20 July 1955 in Chernivtsi) was a Ukrainian composer and conductor of the Soviet period.
Sicily (Sicilia; Sicìlia) is the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea.
Sigma Aquilae, Latinized from σ Aquilae, is the Bayer designation for a binary star system in the equatorial constellation of Aquila.
Sigma Arietis, Latinized from σ Arietis, is the Bayer designation for a star in the northern constellation of Aries.
Sigma Aurigae, Latinized from σ Aurigae, is the Bayer designation for a double star in the northern constellation of Auriga.
Sigma Canis Majoris (σ Canis Majoris, abbreviated Sig CMa, σ CMa), also named Unurgunite, is a variable star in the southern constellation of Canis Major.
Sigma Capricorni, Latinized from σ Capricorni, is a solitary star in the southern constellation of Capricornus.
Sigma Centauri, Latinized from σ Centauri, is the Bayer designation for a solitary star in the southern constellation of Centaurus.
Sigma Columbae, Latinized from σ Columbae, is a solitary, yellow-white hued star in the southern constellation of Columba.
Sigma Draconis (σ Draconis, abbreviated Sig Dra, σ Dra), also named Alsafi, is a 4.7-magnitude star located at a distance of 18.8 light-years from the Sun in the constellation of Draco.
Sigma Herculis, Latinized from σ Her, is a binary star system in the northern constellation of Hercules.
Sigma Hydrae (σ Hydrae, abbreviated Sig Hya, σ Hya), also named Minchir, is a solitary star in the equatorial constellation of Hydra.
Sigma Leonis, Latinized from σ Leonis, is a blue-white hued star in the zodiac constellation Leo that is visible to the naked eye with an apparent visual magnitude of 4.0.
Sigma Librae (σ Librae, abbreviated Sig Lib, σ Lib) is a binary star in the constellation of Libra.
Sigma Lupi, Latinized from σ Lupi, is a star in the southern constellation of Lupus.
Sigma Octantis (σ Octantis, abbreviated Sig Oct, σ Oct), also named Polaris Australis, is the current South Star.
Sigma Ophiuchi, Latinized from σ Ophiuchi, is a single, orange-hued star in the equatorial constellation Ophiuchus.
Sigma Sagittarii (σ Sagittarii, abbreviated Sigma Sgr, σ Sgr), also named Nunki, is the second-brightest star in the constellation of Sagittarius.
Sigma Scorpii (σ Scorpii, abbreviated Sig Sco, σ Sco), is a multiple star system in the constellation of Scorpius.
Sigma Sculptoris, Latinized from σ Sculptoris, is a solitary, white-hued star in the southern constellation of Sculptor.
Sigma Serpentis, Latinized from σ Serpentis, is a star in the equatorial constellation Serpens.
Sigma1 Cancri, Latinized from σ1 Cancri, is a solitary, white-hued star in the zodiac constellation of Cancer.
Sigma2 Cancri, Latinized from σ2 Cancri, is the Bayer designation for a solitary, white-hued star in the constellation Cancer.
Simon Episcopius (January 8, 1583 – April 4, 1643) was a Dutch theologian and Remonstrant who played a significant role at the Synod of Dort in 1618.
Simon Marius (Latinized from German Simon Mayr; January 20, 1573 – January 5, 1625) was a German astronomer.
The land of Sin (סִין), also known as Sinim (from: סִינִים, i.e. the inhabitants of the land of Sin), is mentioned in the Hebrew Bible.
Skimmia is a genus of four species of evergreen shrubs and small trees in the Rue family, Rutaceae, all native to warm temperate regions of Asia.
Solomon ibn Gabirol (also Solomon ben Judah; שלמה בן יהודה אבן גבירול Shlomo Ben Yehuda ibn Gabirol,; أبو أيوب سليمان بن يحيى بن جبيرول Abu Ayyub Sulayman bin Yahya bin Jabirul) was an 11th-century Andalusian poet and Jewish philosopher with a Neo-Platonic bent.
The Solomon Islands skink (Corucia zebrata), also known as prehensile-tailed skink, monkey-tailed skink, giant skink, zebra skink, and monkey skink, is an arboreal species of skink endemic to the Solomon Islands archipelago.
The Spercheios (Sperkheiós), also known as the Spercheus from its Latin name, is a river in Phthiotis in central Greece.
Spica, also designated Alpha Virginis (α Virginis, abbreviated Alpha Vir, α Vir), is the brightest star in the constellation of Virgo and the 16th brightest star in the night sky.
Spongiforma squarepantsii is a species of fungus in the Boletaceae family, genus Spongiforma.
This article discusses the geographic spread of the Latin script throughout history, from its archaic beginnings in Latium to the dominant writing system on Earth in modernity.
St Elvis (Llaneilfyw) is a parish in Pembrokeshire, Wales, about east of St David's.
Stanisław I Leszczyński (also Anglicized and Latinized as Stanislaus I, Stanislovas Leščinskis, Stanislas Leszczynski; 20 October 1677 – 23 February 1766) was King of Poland, Grand Duke of Lithuania, Duke of Lorraine and a count of the Holy Roman Empire.
Stanisław of Skarbimierz (1360–1431; Latinised as Stanislaus de Scarbimiria) was, from 1400, rector of the University of Krakow.
Over the past few centuries, a small number of stars have been named after individual people.
Strasbourg (Alsatian: Strossburi; Straßburg) is the capital and largest city of the Grand Est region of France and is the official seat of the European Parliament.
Svarog (Сваро́гъ, Сварог, Сварог, Swaróg, Сварог, Svarog) is a Slavic deity known primarily from the Hypatian Codex, a Slavic translation of the Chronicle of John Malalas.
In Sweden, a person must have a surname and one or more given names.
Synkellos (σύγκελλος), latinized as syncellus, is an ecclesiastical office in the Eastern Rite churches.
Talarurus (meaning "Wicker tail") is an extinct genus of ankylosaurid dinosaur that lived approximately 90 million years ago during the latter part of the Cretaceous Period in what is now Mongolia.
Tamassos (Greek: Ταμασσός) or Tamasos (Greek: Τἀμασος) – names Latinized as Tamassus or Tamasus – was a city-kingdom in Cyprus.
Tapestry is a form of textile art, traditionally woven on a vertical loom.
Tasgetius, the Latinized form of Gaulish Tasgetios or Tasgiitios (d. 54 BC), was a ruler of the Carnutes, a Celtic polity whose territory corresponded roughly with the modern French departments of Eure-et-Loir, Loiret, and Loir-et-Cher.
Tau Aquilae, Latinized from τ Aquilae, is the Bayer designation for a star in the equatorial constellation of Aquila.
Tau Aurigae, Latinized from τ Aurigae, is the Bayer designation for a star in the northern constellation Auriga.
Tau Boötis, Latinized from τ Boötis, is an F-type main-sequence star approximately 51 light-years away in the constellation of Boötes.
Tau Centauri, Latinized from τ Centauri, is a solitary star in the southern constellation of Centaurus.
Tau Ceti, Latinized from τ Ceti, is a single star in the constellation Cetus that is spectrally similar to the Sun, although it has only about 78% of the Sun's mass.
Tau Coronae Borealis, Latinized from τ Coronae Borealis, is a probable astrometric binary star system in the northern constellation of Corona Borealis.
Tau Draconis, Latinized from τ Draconis, is an astrometric binary star system in the northern circumpolar constellation of Draco.
Tau Geminorum, Latinized from τ Geminorum, is a star in the northern zodiac constellation of Gemini.
Tau Herculis, Latinized from τ Herculis, is a fourth-magnitude star in the constellation Hercules.
Tau Librae, Latinized from τ Librae, is the Bayer designation for a binary star system at the southern edge of the zodiac constellation of Libra.
Tau Pegasi (τ Pegasi, abbreviated Tau Peg, τ Peg), also named Salm, is a 4.6 magnitude star in the constellation of Pegasus.
Tau1 Aquarii, Latinized from τ1 Aquarii, is the Bayer designation for a star in the equatorial constellation of Aquarius.
Tau1 Arietis, Latinized from τ1 Arietis, is the Bayer designation for a triple star system in the northern constellation of Aries.
Tau1 Eridani, Latinized from τ1 Eridani, is a binary star system in the constellation Eridanus.
Tau1 Gruis, Latinized from τ1 Gruis, and catalogued as HD 216435 and HR 8700, is a yellow-hued star approximately 106 light-years away in the constellation of Grus (the Crane).
Tau1 Lupi, Latinized from τ1 Lupi, is a solitary star in the southern constellation of Lupus.
Tau1 Serpentis, Latinized from τ1 Serpentis, is an M-type giant star in the constellation of Serpens, approximately 900 light-years from Earth.
Tau2 Arietis, Latinized from τ2 Arietis, is the Bayer designation for a binary star in the northern constellation on Aries.
Tau² Eridani (τ² Eridani, abbreviated Tau² Eri, τ² Eri), also named Angetenar, is a star in the constellation of Eridanus.
Tau2 Lupi, Latinized from τ2 Lup, is a binary star system in the constellation Lupus.
Tau2 Serpentis, Latinized from τ2 Serpentis, is a B-type main sequence star in the constellation of Serpens, approximately 430 light-years from Earth.
Tau3 Eridani, Latinized as τ3 Eridani, is a star in the constellation Eridanus.
Tau3 Serpentis, Latinized from τ3 Serpentis, is a G-type giant star in the constellation of Serpens.
Tau4 Serpentis, Latinized from τ4 Serpentis, is a M-type bright giant star in the constellation of Serpens, approximately 520 light-years from the Earth.
Tau5 Eridani, Latinized from τ5 Eridani, is a binary star system in the constellation Eridanus.
Tau5 Serpentis, Latinized from τ5 Serpentis, is a F-type main sequence star in the constellation of Serpens, approximately 160 light-years from Earth.
Tau6 Serpentis, Latinized from τ6 Serpentis, is a G-type giant star in the constellation of Serpens, approximately 450 light-years from the Earth.
Tau7 Serpentis, Latinized from τ7 Serpentis, is an A-type star in the constellation of Serpens, approximately 174 light-years from the Earth.
Tau8 Eridani, Latinized from τ8 Eridani, is a binary star system in the constellation Eridanus.
Tau8 Serpentis, Latinized from τ8 Serpentis, is an A-type main sequence star in the constellation of Serpens, approximately 320 light-years from the Earth.
The Low Countries (de Lage Landen or de Nederlanden, les Pays-Bas) is the coastal Rhine–Meuse–Scheldt delta region in Western Europe whose definition usually includes the modern countries of Luxembourg, Belgium and the Netherlands.
In Christianity, the gospel (euangélion; gospel), or the Good News, is the news of the coming of the Kingdom of God.
The Prophet Isaiah is a fresco located in Basilica di Sant'Agostino, an early Renaissance church in Rome.
Thebes (Θῆβαι, Thēbai), known to the ancient Egyptians as Waset, was an ancient Egyptian city located east of the Nile about south of the Mediterranean.
Theodora Komnene (Θεοδώρα ἡ Κομνηνή, died 2 January 1184), Latinized Theodora Comnena, was a daughter of the Byzantine prince Andronikos Komnenos and his wife, Eirene (?Aineiadissa).
Theodore Komnenos Doukas (Θεόδωρος Κομνηνὸς Δούκας, Theodōros Komnēnos Doukas, Latinized as Theodore Comnenus Ducas, died 1253) was ruler of Epirus and Thessaly from 1215 to 1230 and of Thessalonica and most of Macedonia and western Thrace from 1224 to 1230.
Theodoric is a Germanic given name.
Theodosius (Latinized from the Greek "Θεοδόσιος", Theodosios, "given by god") is a given name.
Theodotos I Kassiteras, Latinized as Theodotus I Cassiteras (Θεόδοτος Α΄ Κασσιτεράς), (? – January 821) Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople from April 1, 815 to January 821.
Theophilos (Θεόφιλος; sometimes Latinized or Anglicized as Theophilus; 800-805 20 January 842 AD) was the Byzantine Emperor from 829 until his death in 842.
In general usage, a thesaurus is a reference work that lists words grouped together according to similarity of meaning (containing synonyms and sometimes antonyms), in contrast to a dictionary, which provides definitions for words, and generally lists them in alphabetical order.
Theta Aquarii (θ Aquarii, abbreviated Theta Aqr, θ Aqr), also named Ancha, is a star in the equatorial constellation of Aquarius.
Theta Arae, Latinized from θ Arae, is the Bayer designation for a star in the constellation Ara.
Theta Arietis, Latinized from θ Arietis, is the Bayer designation for a star in the northern constellation of Aries.
Theta Aurigae (θ Aurigae, abbreviated Tet Aur, θ Aur) is a binary star in the constellation of Auriga.
Theta Cancri, Latinized from θ Cancri, is a multiple star system in the zodiac constellation of Cancer, 410 light years from Earth.
Theta Capricorni, Latinized from θ Capricorni, is a white-hued star in the southern constellation of Capricornus, located about a half degree south of the ecliptic.
θ Carinae, Latinized as Theta Carinae, is a spectroscopic binary star in the southern constellation of Carina.
Theta Centauri (θ Centauri, abbreviated Theta Cen, θ Cen), also named Menkent, is a star in the southern constellation of Centaurus, the centaur.
Theta Cephei, Latinized from θ Cephei, is a stellar class A7, fourth-magnitude star in the constellation Cepheus.
Theta Ceti, Latinized from θ Ceti, is a solitary, orange-hued star in the equatorial constellation of Cetus.
Theta Chamaeleontis, Latinized from θ Cha, is a single, orange-hued star located in the southern constellation of Chamaeleon.
Theta Columbae (θ Columbae, abbreviated Theta Col, θ Col), also named Elkurud, is a solitary star in the southern constellation of Columba.
Theta Coronae Australis, Latinized from θ Coronae Australis, is a star located in the constellation Corona Australis.
Theta Coronae Borealis, Latinized from θ Coronae Borealis, is a binary star system in the constellation Corona Borealis.
Theta Gruis, Latinized from θ Gruis, is a triple star system in the southern constellation of Grus.
Theta Hydrae, Latinized from θ Hydrae, is a binary star system in the constellation Hydra.
Theta Hydri, Latinized from θ Hydri, is the Bayer designation for a blue-white hued star in the southern constellation of Hydrus.
Theta Leonis, Latinized from θ Leonis, also named Chertan, is a star in the constellation of Leo.
Theta Leporis, Latinized from θ Leporis, is a solitary, white-hued star in the southern constellation of Lepus.
Theta Lupi, Latinized from θ Lupi, is a solitary star in the southern constellation of Lupus.
Theta Pegasi (θ Pegasi, abbreviated Theta Peg, θ Peg), also named Biham, is a star in the constellation of Pegasus.
Theta Piscium, Latinized from θ Piscium, is a single, orange-hued star in the zodiac constellation of Pisces, the fish.
Theta Scorpii (θ Scorpii, abbreviated Theta Sco, θ Sco) is a binary star in the southern zodiac constellation of Scorpius.
Theta Serpentis (θ Serpentis, abbreviated Theta Ser, θ Ser) is a triple star system in the constellation of Serpens.
Theta Tauri (θ Tauri, abbreviated Tet Tau, θ Tau) is a double star in the constellation of Taurus and a member of the Hyades open cluster.
Theta Ursae Minoris, Latinized from θ Ursae Minoris, is a suspected binary star system that is visible to the naked eye in the northern circumpolar constellation of Ursa Minor.
Theta2 Crucis, Latinized from θ2 Crucis, is a spectroscopic binary star in the constellation Crux.
Thomas I Komnenos Doukas (Latinized as Comnenus Ducas) (translit) (c. 1285–1318) ruler of Epirus from c. 1297 until his death in 1318.
Thuban, also designated Alpha Draconis (α Draconis, abbreviated Alpha Dra, α Dra), is a star (or star system) in the constellation of Draco.
Michele di Bartolomeo degli Odasi (c. 1450–1492), pen name Tifi (dagli) Odasi (Latinized as Tifetus or Typhis Odaxius), was an Italian poet and author of macaronic verse.
Timpani or kettledrums (also informally called timps) are musical instruments in the percussion family.
Trabzon, historically known as Trebizond, is a city on the Black Sea coast of northeastern Turkey and the capital of Trabzon Province.
Trdat (თრდატი, sometimes Latinized as Tiridates), of the Chosroid Dynasty, was the king of Iberia (Kartli, eastern Georgia) from c. 394 to 406.
Treacle is any uncrystallised syrup made during the refining of sugar.
The Triakontaschoinos (Τριακοντάσχοινος, "Land of the Thirty "Schoinoi"), Latinized as Triacontaschoenus, was a term used in the Greco-Roman world for the part of Lower Nubia between the First and Second Cataracts of the Nile.
Trigonopterus allotopus is a species of flightless weevil in the genus Trigonopterus from Indonesia.
A trope or tropus may be a variety of different things in medieval, 20th-, and 21st-century music.
A trophy is a tangible, durable reminder of a specific achievement, and serves as recognition or evidence of merit.
Truid Aagesen (fl. 1593–1625) was a Danish composer and organist in the service of the Danish king.
Turkdean is a village and civil parish in Gloucestershire, England, approximately 30 km (20 mi) to the east of Gloucester.
Twrch Trwyth (also Trwyd, Troynt (MSS.HK); Troit (MSS.C1 D G Q); or Terit (MSS. C2 L)) is an enchanted wild boar in the Matter of Britain that King Arthur or his men pursued with the aid of Arthur's dog Cavall (Cafall, Cabal).
A state is a constituent political entity of the United States.
Ulfilas (–383), also known as Ulphilas and Orphila, all Latinized forms of the Gothic Wulfila, literally "Little Wolf", was a Goth of Cappadocian Greek descent who served as a bishop and missionary, is credited with the translation of the Bible into the Gothic Bible, and participated in the Arian controversy.
Ulubad or Uluabat, in the Byzantine period Lopadion (Λοπάδιον), Latinized as Lopadium, is a settlement near the town of Karacabey in the Bursa Province of northwestern Turkey.
Ulysses is a modernist novel by Irish writer James Joyce.
The University of Malta is the highest educational institution in Malta.
Unterwalden (Latinized as Sylvania, later also Subsylvania as opposed to Supersylvania) is the old name of a forest-canton of the Old Swiss Confederacy in central Switzerland, south of Lake Lucerne, consisting of two valleys or Talschaften, now organized as two half-cantons, an upper part, Obwalden, and a lower part, Nidwalden.
Upsilon Andromedae (υ Andromedae, abbreviated Upsilon And, υ And) is a binary star located approximately 44 light-years from Earth in the constellation of Andromeda.
Upsilon Aquilae, Latinized from υ Aquilae, is the Bayer designation for a star in the equatorial constellation of Aquila.
Upsilon Aurigae, Latinized from υ Aurigae, is the Bayer designation for a star in the northern constellation of Auriga.
Upsilon Capricorni, Latinized from υ Capricorni, is a solitary star in the southern constellation Capricornus.
Upsilon Carinae, Latinized from υ Carinae, is a double star in the southern constellation of Carina.
Upsilon Ceti, Latinized from υ Ceti, is a solitary star in the equatorial constellation of Cetus.
Upsilon Coronae Borealis, Latinized from υ Coronae Borealis, is a solitary star in the northern constellation of Corona Borealis.
Upsilon Cygni, Latinized from υ Cygni, is a star in the northern constellation of Cygnus.
Upsilon Geminorum, Latinized from υ Geminorum, is a star in the constellation Gemini.
The Bayer designation υ Hydrae (Latinised to Upsilon Hydrae; abbreviated υ Hya, Ups Hya) is shared by two stars in the constellation of Hydra.
Upsilon Lupi, Latinized from υ Lupi, is a star system in the southern constellation of Lupus.
Upsilon Pegasi (υ Pegasi, abbreviated Ups Peg, υ Peg), also named Alkarab, is a star in the constellation of Pegasus.
Upsilon Scorpii (υ Scorpii, abbreviated Upsilon Sco, υ Sco), also named Lesath, is a star located in the "stinger" of the southern zodiac constellation of Scorpius, the scorpion.
Upsilon Serpentis, Latinized from υ Serpentis, is a star in the Serpens Caput section of the constellation Serpens.
Upsilon1 Cancri, Latinized from υ1 Cancri, is the Bayer designation for a solitary, yellow-white hued star in the constellation Cancer.
Upsilon1 Centauri, Latinized from υ1 Centauri, is the Bayer designation for a star in the constellation Centaurus.
Upsilon¹ Hydrae (υ¹ Hydrae, abbreviated Ups¹ Hya, υ¹ Hya), also named Zhang, is a yellow-hued star in the constellation of Hydra.
Upsilon² Cassiopeiae (υ² Cassiopeiae, abbreviated Ups² Cas, υ² Cas), also named Castula, is a solitary star in the constellation of Cassiopeia.
Upsilon² Eridani (υ² Eridani, abbreviated Ups² Eri, υ² Eri), also named Theemin, is a star in the constellation of Eridanus.
Upsilon2 Hydrae, Latinized from υ2 Hydrae, is a solitary star in the equatorial constellation of Hydra.
Upsilon³ Eridani (υ³ Eridani, abbreviated Ups³ Eri, υ³ Eri), also named Beemim, is a star in the constellation of Eridanus.
Valentinus Lublinus, also known as Walenty Lublin, was a 16th-century Polish physician and editor of medical texts.
Varanus salvadorii is a species of monitor lizard endemic to New Guinea.
Varazdat (Latinized: Varasdates; Βαρασδάτης; flourished 4th century) was a king of Arsacid Armenia from 374 until 378.
Vázquez (also spelled Vásquez, Vasques), in non Spanish-speaking countries often as Vazquez or Vasquez, is an originally Galician surname, in use not only in Galicia but all over Spanish-speaking world.
Västergötland, also known as West Gothland or the Latinized version Westrogothia in older literature, is one of the 25 traditional non-administrative provinces of Sweden (landskap in Swedish), situated in the southwest of Sweden.
Vega, also designated Alpha Lyrae (α Lyrae, abbreviated Alpha Lyr or α Lyr), is the brightest star in the constellation of Lyra, the fifth-brightest star in the night sky, and the second-brightest star in the northern celestial hemisphere, after Arcturus.
Verdun (official name before 1970 Verdun-sur-Meuse) is a small city in the Meuse department in Grand Est in northeastern France.
Vidkun Abraham Lauritz Jonssøn Quisling (18 July 1887 – 24 October 1945) was a Norwegian military officer and politician who nominally headed the government of Norway during the occupation of the country by Nazi Germany during World War II.
The virgate, yardland, or yard of land (virgāta) was an English unit of land.
Viroconium or Uriconium, formally Viroconium Cornoviorum, was a Roman town, one corner of which is now occupied by Wroxeter, a small village in Shropshire, England, about east-south-east of Shrewsbury.
The Vistula (Wisła, Weichsel,, ווייסל), Висла) is the longest and largest river in Poland, at in length. The drainage basin area of the Vistula is, of which lies within Poland (54% of its land area). The remainder is in Belarus, Ukraine and Slovakia. The Vistula rises at Barania Góra in the south of Poland, above sea level in the Silesian Beskids (western part of Carpathian Mountains), where it begins with the White Little Vistula (Biała Wisełka) and the Black Little Vistula (Czarna Wisełka). It then continues to flow over the vast Polish plains, passing several large Polish cities along its way, including Kraków, Sandomierz, Warsaw, Płock, Włocławek, Toruń, Bydgoszcz, Świecie, Grudziądz, Tczew and Gdańsk. It empties into the Vistula Lagoon (Zalew Wiślany) or directly into the Gdańsk Bay of the Baltic Sea with a delta and several branches (Leniwka, Przekop, Śmiała Wisła, Martwa Wisła, Nogat and Szkarpawa).
Vlorë County (Qarku i Vlorës) is one of the 12 counties of the Republic of Albania, with the capital in Vlorë.
Volubilis (Walili, وليلي) is a partly excavated Berber and Roman city in Morocco situated near the city of Meknes, and commonly considered as the ancient capital of the kingdom of Mauretania.
Vyacheslav, also transcribed as Viacheslav or Viatcheslav (Vjačeslav; V"jačeslav), is a Russian and Ukrainian masculine given name.
Walter of Châtillon (Latinized as Gualterus de Castellione) was a 12th-century French writer and theologian who wrote in the Latin language.
Jogaila (later Władysław II JagiełłoHe is known under a number of names: Jogaila Algirdaitis; Władysław II Jagiełło; Jahajła (Ягайла). See also: Names and titles of Władysław II Jagiełło. (c. 1352/1362 – 1 June 1434) was the Grand Duke of Lithuania (1377–1434) and then the King of Poland (1386–1434), first alongside his wife Jadwiga until 1399, and then sole King of Poland. He ruled in Lithuania from 1377. Born a pagan, in 1386 he converted to Catholicism and was baptized as Władysław in Kraków, married the young Queen Jadwiga, and was crowned King of Poland as Władysław II Jagiełło. In 1387 he converted Lithuania to Christianity. His own reign in Poland started in 1399, upon the death of Queen Jadwiga, and lasted a further thirty-five years and laid the foundation for the centuries-long Polish–Lithuanian union. He was a member of the Jagiellonian dynasty in Poland that bears his name and was previously also known as the Gediminid dynasty in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. The dynasty ruled both states until 1572,Anna Jagiellon, the last member of royal Jagiellon family, died in 1596. and became one of the most influential dynasties in late medieval and early modern Central and Eastern Europe. During his reign, the Polish-Lithuanian state was the largest state in the Christian world. Jogaila was the last pagan ruler of medieval Lithuania. After he became King of Poland, as a result of the Union of Krewo, the newly formed Polish-Lithuanian union confronted the growing power of the Teutonic Knights. The allied victory at the Battle of Grunwald in 1410, followed by the Peace of Thorn, secured the Polish and Lithuanian borders and marked the emergence of the Polish–Lithuanian alliance as a significant force in Europe. The reign of Władysław II Jagiełło extended Polish frontiers and is often considered the beginning of Poland's Golden Age.
Westlothiana is a genus of reptile-like amphibian or possibly early reptile that bore a superficial resemblance to modern-day lizards.
Westphaliasaurus is an extinct genus of plesiosaurid from Lower Jurassic (Pliensbachian stage) deposits of Westphalia, northwestern Germany.
William Baldwin (29 March 1779 – 1 September 1819) was an American physician and botanist who is today remembered for his significant contributions to botany.
Wolfgang Laz, better known by his Latinized name Wolfgang Lazius (October 31, 1514 – June 19, 1565), was an Austrian humanist who worked as a cartographer, historian, and physician.
Xi Andromedae (ξ Andromedae, abbreviated Xi And, ξ And), also named Adhil, is a solitary star in the northern constellation of Andromeda.
Xi Aquarii (ξ Aquarii, abbreviated Xi Aqr, ξ Aqr) is a binary star system in the equatorial constellation of Aquarius.
Xi Aquilae (ξ Aquilae, abbreviated Xi Aql, ξ Aql), also named Libertas, is a red clump giant star located at a distance of from the Sun in the equatorial constellation of Aquila.
Xi Arietis, Latinized from ξ Arietis, is the Bayer designation for a binary star system in the northern constellation of Aries.
Xi Aurigae, Latinized from ξ Aurigae, is the Bayer designation for a single, white-hued star in the northern constellation of Auriga.
Xi Cancri (ξ Cancri, abbreviated Xi Cnc, ξ Cnc) is a spectroscopic binary star system in the zodiac constellation of Cancer.
Xi Cephei (ξ Cephei, abbreviated Xi Cep, ξ Cep) is a multiple star system in the constellation of Cepheus.
Xi Draconis (ξ Draconis, abbreviated Xi Dra, ξ Dra) is a double or binary star in the northern circumpolar constellation of Draco.
Xi Geminorum (ξ Geminorum, abbreviated Ksi Gem, ξ Gem), also named Alzirr, is a star in the zodiac constellation of Gemini.
Xi Hydrae, Latinized from ξ Hydrae, is a solitary star in the equatorial constellation of Hydra.
Xi Persei (ξ Persei, abbreviated Xi Per, ξ Per), also named Menkib, is a star in the constellation of Perseus.
Xi Phoenicis, Latinized from ξ Phoenicis, is a visual binary star system in the southern constellation of Phoenix.
Xi Puppis (ξ Puppis, abbreviated Xi Pup, ξ Pup) is a multiple star system in the southern constellation of Puppis.
Xi Sculptoris, Latinized from ξ Sculptoris, is a solitary orange-hued star in the southern constellation of Sculptor.
Xi Serpentis, Latinized from ξ Serpentis, is a triple star system in the Serpens Cauda (tail) section of the equatorial constellation Serpens.
Xi Telescopii, Latinized from ξ Telescopii, is a solitary star in the southern constellation of Telescopium.
Xi Ursae Majoris (ξ Ursae Majoris, abbreviated Xi UMa, ξ UMa), also named Alula Australis, is a star system in the constellation of Ursa Major.
Xi1 Canis Majoris, Latinized from ξ1 Canis Majoris, is a star in the constellation Canis Major.
Xi1 Capricorni, Latinized from ξ1 Capricorni, is an orange-hued star in the constellation Capricornus.
Xi1 Centauri, Latinized from ξ1 Centauri, is a solitary star in the southern constellation of Centaurus.
Xi2 Centauri, Latinized from ξ2 Centauri, is a triple star system in the southern constellation of Centaurus.
Yervand and in some transliterations Ervand (in Western Armenian Yervant), is an Armenian given name of Persian origin.
Zanj (زَنْج, meaning "Blacks"Deutsche Morgenländische Gesellschaft, Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenländischen Gesellschaft, Volume 131 (Kommissionsverlag F. Steiner, 1981), p. 130.) was a name used by medieval Muslim geographers to refer to both a certain portion of Southeast Africa (primarily the Swahili Coast), and to the area's Bantu inhabitants.
Zeta Apodis, Latinized from ζ Apodis, is the Bayer designation for a star in the southern constellation of Apus.
Zeta Aquilae (ζ Aquilae, abbreviated Zeta Aql, ζ Aql) is a spectroscopic binary star in the equatorial constellation of Aquila.
Zeta Arietis, Latinized from ζ Arietis, is the Bayer designation for a star in the northern constellation of Aries.
Zeta Aurigae (ζ Aurigae, abbreviated Zet Aur, ζ Aur), is a binary star in the northern constellation of Auriga.
Zeta Boötis, Latinized as ζ Boötis, is a binary star system in the constellation of Boötes that consists of two giant stars with matching stellar classifications of A2III.
Zeta Caeli, Latinized from ζ Caeli, is an orange-hued star in the constellation Caelum with a visual magnitude of +6.36.
Zeta Cancri (ζ Cancri, abbreviated Zeta Cnc, ζ Cnc) is a multiple star system in the constellation of Cancer.
Zeta Capricorni, Latinized from ζ Capricorni, is a fourth-magnitude star in the constellation Capricornus.
Zeta Cassiopeiae (ζ Cassiopeiae, abbreviated Zet Cas, ζ Cas), also named Fulu, is a variable star in the constellation of Cassiopeia.
Zeta Centauri, Latinized from ζ Centauri, is a binary star system in the southern constellation of Centaurus.
Zeta Ceti (ζ Ceti, abbreviated Zeta Cet, ζ Cet) is a binary star in the equatorial constellation of Cetus.
Zeta Chamaeleontis, Latinized from ζ Chamaeleontis, is a star located in the constellation Chamaeleon.
Zeta Circini, Latinized from ζ Circini, is the Bayer designation for a star located in the southern constellation of Circinus.
Zeta Corvi, Latinized from ζ Corvi, is a star in the constellation Corvus.
Zeta Crucis, Latinized from ζ Crucis, is a binary star system in the southern constellation of Crux.
Zeta Draconis (ζ Draconis, abbreviated Zet Dra, ζ Dra) is a binary star in the northern circumpolar constellation of Draco.
Zeta Eridani (ζ Eridani, abbreviated Zeta Eri, ζ Eri) is a binary star in the constellation of Eridanus.
Zeta Geminorum (ζ Geminorum, abbreviated Zeta Gem, ζ Gem) is a star (possibly binary) in the zodiac constellation of Gemini, on the outstretched left 'leg' of the twin Pollux.
Zeta Gruis, Latinized from ζ Gruis, is a solitary, orange-hued star in the southern constellation of Grus.
Zeta Horologii, Latinized from ζ Horologii, is a yellow-white hued binary star system in the southern constellation of Horologium.
Zeta Hydri, Latinized from ζ Hydri, is a single, white-hued star in the southern constellation of Hydrus.
Zeta Leonis (ζ Leonis, abbreviated Zeta Leo, ζ Leo), also named Adhafera, is a third-magnitude star in the constellation of Leo, the lion.
Zeta Leporis, Latinized from ζ Leporis, is a star approximately away in the southern constellation of Lepus.
Zeta Mensae, Latinized from ζ Mensae, is a solitary, white-hued star in the southern constellation of Mensa.
Zeta Monocerotis, Latinized from ζ Monocerotis, is a single, yellow-hued star in the constellation Monoceros.
Zeta Pavonis, Latinized from ζ Pavonis, is an orange-hued star in the southern constellation Pavo.
Zeta Pegasi (ζ Pegasi, abbreviated Zeta Peg, ζ Peg), also named Homam, is a single star in the northern constellation of Pegasus.
Zeta Phoenicis (ζ Phoenicis, abbreviated Zet Phe, ζ Phe) is a multiple star system in the constellation of Phoenix.
Zeta Piscium (ζ Piscium, abbreviated Zet Psc, ζ Psc) is a quintuple star system in the zodiac constellation of Pisces.
Zeta Puppis (ζ Puppis, abbreviated Zeta Pup, ζ Pup), also named Naos, is a star in the constellation of Puppis.
Zeta Sagittarii (ζ Sagittarii, abbreviated Zeta Sgr, ζ Sgr) is a triple star system and the third-brightest star in the constellation of Sagittarius.
Zeta Sculptoris, Latinized from ζ Sculptoris, is a multiple star system in the constellation Sculptor.
Zeta Scuti, Latinized from ζ Scuti, is the Bayer designation for a star in the southern constellation of Scutum.
Zeta Serpentis, Latinized from ζ Serpentis, is the Bayer designation for a single, yellow-white hued star in the equatorial constellation of Serpens.
Zeta Tauri (ζ Tauri, abbreviated Zet Tau, ζ Tau) is a binary star in the zodiac constellation of Taurus, the Bull.
Mizar is a 2nd magnitude star in the handle of the Big Dipper asterism in the constellation of Ursa Major.
Zeta Virginis (ζ Virginis, abbreviated Zeta Vir, ζ Vir) is a binary star in the zodiac constellation of Virgo.
Zeta1 Lyrae, Latinized from ζ1 Lyrae, is a binary star in the northern constellation of Lyra.
Zeta1 Muscae, Latinized from ζ1 Muscae, is a star in the constellation Musca.
Zeta2 Muscae, Latinized from ζ2 Muscae, is a star in the southern constellation of Musca.
The zodiac is an area of the sky that extends approximately 8° north or south (as measured in celestial latitude) of the ecliptic, the apparent path of the Sun across the celestial sphere over the course of the year.
40 Eridani (abbreviated 40 Eri), also designated Omicron² Eridani (ο² Eridani, abbreviated Omicron² Eri, ο² Eri), is a triple star system in the constellation of Eridanus.
5254 Ulysses (from), provisional designation, is a large Jupiter trojan from the Greek camp, approximately in diameter.
55 Cancri (abbreviated 55 Cnc) is a binary star approximately 41 light-years away from the Sun in the constellation of Cancer.