102 relations: Aleksandrov-Kalinin AK-1, Aleksandrs Čaks, Aleksandrs Grīns, Andrejs Auzāns, Asari, Latvia, Žanis Bahs, Baltische Landeswehr, Battle of Cēsis (1919), Battle of Jugla, Battle of Paju, Bim Bom, Bronze Night, Brothers' Cemetery, Capture of Kazan by the White Army, Chinese in the Russian Revolution and in the Russian Civil War, Christmas Battles, Coat of arms of Latvia, Dainis Deglis, Declaration of the Rights of the Peoples of Russia, Eduard Berzin, Edvarts Virza, Estonian Red Riflemen, Estonian War of Independence, Forest Cemetery, Riga, Frīdrihs Briedis, Freedom Monument, Freikorps in the Baltic, Georg von Manteuffel-Szoege, Gustav Klutsis, History of espionage, History of Latvia, Jaan Maide, Jan Latsis, Józef Dowbor-Muśnicki, Jānis Akuraters, Jānis Čakste, Jānis Francis, Jānis Judiņš, Jāzeps Grosvalds, Jelgava, Jukums Vācietis, Kaugurciems, Kazan Operation, Kārlis Goppers, Kārlis Lobe, Kārlis Prauls, Kārlis Skalbe, Kiev Offensive (1920), Kirill Stuzke, Kremlin Regiment, ..., Krišjānis Berķis, Latvian diaspora, Latvian literature, Latvian National Awakening, Latvian Operation of the NKVD, Latvian Socialist Soviet Republic, Latvian War Museum, Latvian War of Independence, Latvians in Russia, Left SR uprising, Leningrad Military District, Leon Trotsky, List of battles 1901–2000, List of Latvian films, Lithuanian Riflemen's Union, Ludvigs Bolšteins, Mārtiņš Peniķis, Nestor Makhno, October 1916, Order of Lāčplēsis, Orel–Kursk operation, Petr Aven, Polish I Corps in Russia, Red Army, Revolutionary Insurrectionary Army of Ukraine, Revolutionary Military Council, Rifle troops, Riga Technical University, Roberts Dambītis, Romans Suta, Russian Civil War, Russians in Latvia, Sampson Sievers, Separate Operational Purpose Division, September 1917, Sidney Reilly, Simbirsk Operation, Skyforger, Southern Front (RSFSR), Soviet westward offensive of 1918–19, State Partnership Program, Theodor Nette, Timeline of Russian history, Tsarist officers in the Red Army, Uldis Ģērmanis, Vilis Janums, Voldemārs Ozols, Vysotsky Monastery, Winchester Model 1895, Zigfrīds Anna Meierovics, 14th Army (RSFSR), 20th Army Corps (Russian Empire). Expand index (52 more) » « Shrink index
The Aleksandrov-Kalinin AK-1 was a prototype airliner built in the Soviet Union in the early 1920s, designed as part of a project by TsAGI to investigate low-cost construction techniques and to verify calculation models for thick-section airfoils.
Aleksandrs Čaks (October 27, 1901 – February 8, 1950), born Aleksandrs Čadarainis, was a Latvian poet and writer.
Aleksandrs Grīns (1895–1941) was a Latvian writer, translator and army officer.
Andrejs Auzāns (1871–1953) was a Latvian general and topographer.
Asari (Assern National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency, Bethesda, MD, USA)is a residential area and neighbourhood of the city of Jūrmala, Latvia.
Žanis Bahs (also Žanis Bachs; 1885-1941) was a Latvian general.
The Baltic Landwehr or Baltische Landeswehr ("Baltic Territorial Army") was the name of the unified armed forces of the Couronian and Livonian nobility from 7 December 1918 to 3 July 1919.
The Battle of Cēsis (Cēsu kaujas; Võnnu lahing Battle of Võnnu; Schlacht von Wenden, Battle of Wenden), fought near Cēsis (or Võnnu, Wenden) in June 1919, was a decisive battle in the Estonian War of Independence and the Latvian War of Independence. After heavy fighting an Estonian force moving from the north, supplemented by Latvian units, repelled Baltic German attacks and went on full counter-attack.
The Battle of Jugla was a defensive battle of the Russian Republic's 12th Army of the First World War from 1 to 3 September 1917.
The Battle of Paju (Paju lahing) was fought in Paju, near Valga, Estonia, on 31 January 1919 during the Estonian War of Independence.
Bim Bom (or Bim and Bom) was a Moscow circus clown duo consisting of Ivan Radunsky (as Bim) and various "Boms", active intermittently from 1891 up until at least World War II.
The Bronze Night (Pronksiöö or Pronksöö), also known as the April Unrest (Aprillirahutused) and April Events (Aprillisündmused), is the controversy and riots in Estonia surrounding the 2007 relocation of the Bronze Soldier of Tallinn, the Soviet World War II memorial in Tallinn.
The Brothers' Cemetery or Cemetery of the Brethren (Brāļu Kapi), also sometimes referred to in English as the Common Graves or simply as the Military Cemetery, is a military cemetery and national monument in Riga, capital of Latvia.
The city of Kazan was captured by the White Army in August 1918 during the Russian Civil War.
There are a number of reports about the involvement of Chinese detachments in the Russian Revolution and Russian Civil War.
The Christmas Battles (Latvian:Ziemassvētku kaujas; German:Aa-Schlachten; Russian:Митавская операция) were offensive operations of the Russian army and Latvian units during World War I in the area of Jelgava, Latvia, by the Russian 12th Army of the Northern Front.
Coat of arms of Republic of Latvia was officially adopted by the Constitutional Assembly of Latvia on July 15, 1921 and was in official use from August 19, 1921.
Dainis Deglis (born 26 January 1959 in Smiltene) is a former Latvian football defender, who was called the Latvian rifleman while he played for FK Daugava Rīga.
The Declaration of the Rights of the Peoples of Russia (Деклара́ция прав наро́дов Росси́и) was a document promulgated by the Bolshevik government of Russia on November 15 (November 2 by Old Style), 1917 (signed by Vladimir Lenin and Joseph Stalin).
Eduard Petrovich Berzin (Eduards Bērziņš; 1894–1938), born in Latvia, was a soldier and Chekist, but is remembered primarily for setting up Dalstroy, which instituted a system of forced-labour camps in Kolyma, North-Eastern Siberia, where hundreds of thousands of prisoners died.
Edvarts Virza (born as Jēkabs Eduards Liekna; December 27, 1883, Salgale parish – March 1, 1940, Riga) was a Latvian writer, poet and translator.
Estonian Riflemen, Estonian Red Riflemen, Estonian Red Army, Estonian Red Guards (Eesti Kütiväed, Eesti Punased Kütid, Eestimaa Punaarmee, Eesti Punakaart) were military formations assembled starting 1917 in the Soviet Russia.
The Estonian War of Independence (Vabadussõda, literally "Freedom War"), also known as the Estonian Liberation War, was a defensive campaign of the Estonian Army and its allies, most notably the White Russian Northwestern Army, Latvia, and the United Kingdom, against the Soviet Western Front offensive and the aggression of the Baltische Landeswehr.
The Forest Cemetery (Rīgas Meža kapi) is an large cemetery in the northwestern part of Riga, the capital of Latvia, between the neighbourhoods of Mežaparks and Čiekurkalns.
Frīdrihs Briedis (June 23, 1888 – August 28, 1918) was a Latvian colonel and one of the most famous Latvian Riflemen commanders.
The Freedom Monument (Brīvības piemineklis) is a memorial located in Riga, Latvia, honouring soldiers killed during the Latvian War of Independence (1918–1920).
After 1918, the term Freikorps was used for the anti-communist paramilitary organizations that sprang up around the German Empire, including in the Baltic states, as soldiers returned in defeat from World War I. It was one of the many Weimar paramilitary groups active during that time.
Georg Baron von Manteuffel-Szoege (7 March 1889 – 8 June 1962) was a German politician.
Gustav Klutsis (Gustavs Klucis, Густав Густавович Клуцис) (January 4, 1895 – February 26, 1938) was a pioneering Latvian photographer and major member of the Constructivist avant-garde in the early 20th century.
Espionage, as well as other intelligence assessment, has existed since ancient times.
The history of Latvia began around 9000 BC with the end of the last glacial period in northern Europe.
Jaan Maide, VR II/3 (30 May 1896 – 10 August 1945) was a senior Estonian Army officer who fought in World War I, the Estonian War of Independence and World War II.
Jan Latsis (February 20, 1897 – March 10, 1937) was a Latvian-born Soviet division commander and Komkor (corps commander).
Józef Dowbor-Muśnicki (Iosif Romanovich while in the Russian military; sometimes also Dowbór-Muśnicki; 25 October 1867 – 26 October 1937) was a Russian military officer and Polish general, serving with the Imperial Russian and then Polish armies.
Jānis Akuraters (13 January 1876 – 25 July 1937) was a Latvian poet, writer, playwright and politician.
Jānis Čakste (14 September 1859 in Lielsesava (now Viesturi parish), Latvia – 14 March 1927 in Riga, Latvia) was a Latvian politician and lawyer who served as the first head of an independent Latvian state as the Chairman of the People's Council (1918–1920), the Speaker of the Constitutional Assembly (1920–1922), and as the first President of Latvia (1922–1927).
Jānis Francis (July 3, 1877 – October 24, 1956) was a general of the Latvian Army, recipient of the Order of Lāčplēsis, the 3rd class.
Jānis Judiņš (Jānis Judiņš; Ю́дин Я́н Андре́евич, trans. Yan Yudin, also known in Russian as Я́нис Ю́диньш, trans. Yanis Yudinsh, January 17, 1884, in Liezēre parish - August 12, 1918) was a Red Latvian Riflemen commander, a Red hero of the Russian Civil War.
Jazeps Grosvalds (Latvian: Jāzeps Grosvalds) (24 April 1891 – 1 February 1920) was a Latvian painter from Riga.
Jelgava (Mitau; see also other names) is a city in central Latvia about southwest of Riga with about 63,000 inhabitants.
Jukums Vācietis (Иоаким Иоакимович Вацетис, Ioakim Ioakimovich Vatsetis; 11 November 1873 – 28 July 1938) was a Latvian Soviet military commander.
Kaugurciems is a residential area and neighbourhood of the city Jūrmala, Latvia.
Kazan Operation was the Red Army's offensive (5–10 September 1918) against the Czechoslovak Legion and the People Army of Komuch during the Russian Civil War.
General Kārlis Goppers (April 2, 1876, Plāņi parish – March 25, 1941 at Ulbroka) was a Latvian military officer and the founder and President of Latvijas Skautu un Gaidu Centrālā Organizācija.
Kārlis Lobe (26 March 1895 – 9 July 1985) was a Latvian officer in the Imperial Russian Army, Latvian Army and the Latvian Legion, recipient of the Order of the Three Stars.
Kārlis Prauls (May 2, 1895 – January 30, 1941) was a Latvian general, and from 1930 to 1940 a commander in the Aizsargi home guard.
Kārlis Skalbe (— 1945 April 14) was a Latvian writer, poet, and activist.
The 1920 Kiev Offensive (or Kiev Operation), sometimes considered to have started the Soviet-Polish War, was an attempt by the armed forces of the newly re-emerged Poland led by Józef Piłsudski, in alliance with the Ukrainian leader Symon Petliura, to seize the territories of modern-day Ukraine which fell under the Soviet control after the Bolshevik Revolution.
Kirill Andeeevich Stutzke (Kirils Stucka; 1890–1938) was a Soviet komkor (corps commander).
The Kremlin Regiment (Russian: Кремлëвский полк), also called the Presidential Regiment, (Президентский полк) is a unique military regiment and part of the Russian Federal Protective Service with the status of a special unit.
Krišjānis Berķis (April 26, 1884 in Īslīce parish, Bauska municipality, Courland, modern Latvia – July 29, 1942 in Perm, Russia) was a Latvian general.
The Latvian diaspora refers to Latvians and people of Latvian descent residing outside Latvia.
Latvian literature refers to the body of works written by Latvian authors.
The Latvian National Awakening (latviešu tautas atmoda) refers to three distinct but ideologically related National revival movements.
The so-called Latvian Operation (Латышская операция) of the People's Commissariat for Internal Affairs (NKVD) was a mass arrest and execution of persons of Latvian origin in the Soviet Union during the period of Great Purge (1937–1938).
The Latvian Socialist Soviet Republic (Latvijas Sociālistiskā Padomju Republika, LSPR) was a short-lived socialist republic formed during the Latvian War of Independence.
The Latvian War Museum (Latvijas Kara muzejs) is a military museum in Riga, the capital of Latvia.
The Latvian War of Independence (Latvijas brīvības cīņas, literally, "Latvia's freedom struggles"), sometimes called the Latvian War of Liberation (Latvijas atbrīvošanas karš, "War of Latvian Liberation"), was a series of military conflicts in Latvia between 5 December 1918, after the newly proclaimed Republic of Latvia was invaded by Soviet Russia, and the signing of the Latvian-Soviet Riga Peace Treaty on 11 August 1920.
Latvians in Russia are a small ethnic minority scattered across various regions of Russia.
The Left SR uprising or Left SR revolt was an uprising against the Bolsheviks by the Left Socialist Revolutionary Party in July 1918.
The Leningrad Military District was a military district of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation.
Leon Trotsky (born Lev Davidovich Bronstein; – 21 August 1940) was a Russian revolutionary, theorist, and Soviet politician.
A list of films produced in Latvia since 1991.
The Lithuanian Riflemen's Union or LRU (Lietuvos šaulių sąjunga), also referred to as šauliai (šaulys for rifleman), is a paramilitary non-profit organisation supported by the State.
Ludvigs Bolšteins (February 5, 1888 – June 21, 1940) was a Latvian general.
Mārtiņš Peniķis (1874–1964) was a Latvian general and commander in chief of Latvian Army from 1928 to 1934.
Nestor Ivanovych Makhno or Bat'ko ("Father") Makhno (Не́стор Івáнович Махно́; October 26, 1888 (N.S. November 7) – July 25, 1934) was a Ukrainian anarcho-communist revolutionary and the commander of an independent anarchist army in Ukraine in 1917–22.
The following events occurred in October 1916.
The Order of Lāčplēsis (Lāčplēša Kara ordenis), the first and the highest Latvian military award, was established in 1919 on the initiative of the Commander of Latvian Army, during the Latvian War of Independence, Jānis Balodis.
The Orel–Kursk operation (known in Soviet historiography as the Orel–Kromy operation) was an offensive conducted by the Southern Front of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic's Red Army against the White Armed Forces of South Russia's Volunteer Army in Orel, Kursk and Tula Governorates of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic between 11 October and 18 November 1919.
Petr Olegovich Aven (also transliterated Pyotr Aven; Пëтр Олегович Авен; born March 16, 1955) is an International businessman, economist and politician.
Polish I Corps in Russia (I Korpus Polski w Rosji) was a Polish military formation formed in Belarus, in August 1917 in the aftermath of the Russian Revolution of 1917, from soldiers of Polish origin serving in the Russian Army.
The Workers' and Peasants' Red Army (Рабоче-крестьянская Красная армия (РККА), Raboche-krest'yanskaya Krasnaya armiya (RKKA), frequently shortened in Russian to Красная aрмия (КА), Krasnaya armiya (KA), in English: Red Army, also in critical literature and folklore of that epoch – Red Horde, Army of Work) was the army and the air force of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, and, after 1922, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.
The Revolutionary Insurrectionary Army of Ukraine (Революційна Повстанська Армія України), also known as the Black Army or simply as Makhnovshchyna (Махновщина.), was an anarchist army formed largely of Ukrainian peasants and workers under the command of the famous anarchist Nestor Makhno during the Russian Civil War of 1917–1922.
The Revolutionary Military Council (Revolutionary Military Council), sometimes called the Revolutionary War Council or Revvoyensoviet (Реввоенсовет), was the supreme military authority of Soviet Russia and later the Soviet Union.
The rifles troops (стрелковые войска, English transliteration - strelkovie voiska) often called rifle troops in English, is name for the Russian infantry combat Arm of Service that, since 1857, had been armed with rifles (currently assault rifles) as their primary firearm.
Riga Technical University (RTU) (Rīgas Tehniskā universitāte) is the oldest technical university in the Baltics established on October 14, 1862.
General Roberts Dambītis (May 2, 1881 - March 27, 1957 in Trikāta parish near Strenči, Latvia) was a Latvian soldier and politician.
Romans Suta (1896-1944) was a Latvian painter, graphic artist, stage designer and art theoretician.
The Russian Civil War (Grazhdanskaya voyna v Rossiyi; November 1917 – October 1922) was a multi-party war in the former Russian Empire immediately after the Russian Revolutions of 1917, as many factions vied to determine Russia's political future.
Russians have been the largest ethnic minority in Latvia for the last two centuries.
Sampson Sievers, (born Edward Sievers, Эдуард Сиверс) July 10, 1900 – August 24, 1979 was a Russian Orthodox Christian elder, hieromonk, priest, confessor of Russian patriarch and higher clergy, and mystic of English ancestry, who was imprisoned and sent to Soviet concentration camps.
The Separate Operational Purpose Division or ODON, formerly called OMSDON (a.k.a. Dzerzhinsky Division) is a rapid deployment internal security division of the Internal Troops of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the USSR and then the Russian Federation, today of the National Guard Forces Command of the Russian Federation.
The following events occurred in September 1917.
Sidney George Reilly MC (– 5 November 1925), commonly known as the "Ace of Spies," was a Russian-born adventurer and secret agent employed by Scotland Yard's Special Branch and later by the British Secret Service Bureau, the precursor to the modern British Secret Intelligence Service (MI6/SIS).
Simbirsk Operation (September, 9-28, 1918) - Red Army's offensive against the People Army of Komuch during the Russian Civil War.
Skyforger is a heavy metal band from Latvia which was formed in 1995 out of the remains of doom metal band Grindmaster Dead.
The Southern Front was a front of the Red Army during the Russian Civil War, formed twice.
The Soviet westward offensive of 1918–1919 was part of the campaign by the proto-Soviet Union into areas abandoned by the Ober Ost garrisons that were being withdrawn to Germany following that country's defeat in World War I. The initially successful offensive against the Republic of Estonia ignited the Estonian War of Independence which ended with the Soviet recognition of Estonia.
The State Partnership Program (SPP) is a joint program of the United States Department of Defense (DoD) and the individual states, territories, and District of Columbia.
Theodor Ivanovich Nette (Теодор Иванович Нетте, b. 1895 or 1896 – d. February 5, 1926, Moscow-Riga train, Latvia) was a Soviet diplomatic courier of NKID, who died in a terrorist attack on the Soviet train while delivering diplomatic mail to Berlin.
This is a timeline of Russian history, comprising important legal and territorial changes and political events in Russia and its predecessor states.
During the Russian Civil War, several former Tsarist officers joined the Red Army, either voluntarily or through coercion.
Uldis Ģērmanis (4 October 1915 – 19 December 1997) was a Latvian historian, writer and publicist born in Novaya Ladoga, Russian Empire.
Vilis Janums (7 January 1894 – 6 August 1981) was a Latvian officer in the First World War and later also in the Second World War.
Voldemārs Ozols (October 17, 1884, Vidreja, Vitebsk Governorate – July 12, 1949) was a Latvian military commander, lieutenant colonel, honored with the Order of Lāčplēsis, one of the Latvian Riflemen, a military theorist, and a right wing politician.
Vysotsky Monastery (Высоцкий монастырь) is a walled Russian Orthodox monastery commanding the high left bank of the Nara River in Serpukhov, close to its confluence with the Oka.
The Winchester Model 1895 is a lever-action repeating firearm developed and manufactured by the Winchester Repeating Arms Company in the late 19th century, chambered for a number of full-size military and hunting cartridges such as 7.62×54mmR,.303 British,.30-03,.30 Army,.30-06,.35 Winchester,.38-72 Winchester,.40-72 Winchester and.405 Winchester.
Zigfrīds Anna Meierovics (Durbe – 22 August 1925, near Tukums) was a Latvian politician and diplomat who served as the first Foreign Minister of Latvia from its independence until 1924 and again from December of the same year until his death.
The 14th Army was a field army of the Red Army during the Russian Civil War era.
The Twentieth Army Corps (20-й армейский корпус) was a formation of the Imperial Russian Army that was first raised in 1899, and was most famous for fighting in World War I, on the Eastern theatre of war, during the Second Battle of the Masurian Lakes.
Latvian Rifle Division, Latvian Rifleman, Latvian Rifles, Latvian riflemen, Latvian riflemens, Latviesu sarkanie strelnieki, Latviesu strelnieki, Latviešu sarkanie strēlnieki, Latviešu strēlnieki, Red Latvian Riflemen, Red Latvian rifleman, Red Latvian riflemen, Strelnieki.