98 relations: Abdominal aortic aneurysm, AICA ribonucleotide, Al-Zahrawi, Ambroise Paré, Amputation, Ancient Greek medicine, Animal model of ischemic stroke, Appendectomy, Astley Cooper, Auguste Nélaton, Ayurveda, Bellevue Hospital, Bloodless surgery, Brown Dog affair, Cardiac surgery, Cardiothoracic surgery, Cauterization, Charles Alfred Ballance, Cheesewiring, Cholecystectomy, Christian Heinrich Bünger, Chronic venous insufficiency, Chylothorax, Circumcision surgical procedure, Clarence Brandley, Claude Franceschi, David Nott, Diego de Argumosa, Docking (dog), Ephraim McDowell, Erotic asphyxiation, Exercitatio Anatomica de Motu Cordis et Sanguinis in Animalibus, Eyestalk ablation, Femoral artery, Francesco Redi, Frederick Banting, Garrote, Gelding, Georg von Adelmann, Georges Burou, Germanicus Mirault, Gorham's disease, Haemobilia, Hemostat, Hippocrates, History of surgery, Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson, ICD-9-CM Volume 3, In absentia health care, Index of oncology articles, ..., Induced stem cells, International Society on Toxinology, Interrupted aortic arch, Jatene procedure, John Fraser (surgeon), John Homans, Lady in the Lake trial, Ligation, Ligature, List of eponymous surgical procedures, List of French inventions and discoveries, List of MeSH codes (E04), List of Spanish inventions and discoveries, Magic (supernatural), Malpuech facial clefting syndrome, Moyse Charas, Multiple organ dysfunction syndrome, Parotidectomy, Patellar network, Penetrating trauma, Pierre Brasdor, Placental insufficiency, Post herniorraphy pain syndrome, Prothoracicotropic hormone, Pseudoaneurysm, Redback spider, Redi Award, Rubber band ligation, Scientific Revolution, Skin tag, Spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid leak, Stannius ligature, Subclavian triangle, Superficial vein thrombosis, Surgery, Surgical suture, Tonsillectomy, Trendelenburg, Tubal ligation, Vascular occlusion, Ventricular fibrillation, Veterinary surgery, Vicryl, Vincent Johnson, William Harvey, Wright Post, 1759, 1938 in science. Expand index (48 more) » « Shrink index
Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA or triple A) is a localized enlargement of the abdominal aorta such that the diameter is greater than 3 cm or more than 50% larger than normal diameter.
5-Aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide ribonucleotide (AICAR) is an intermediate in the generation of inosine monophosphate.
Abū al-Qāsim Khalaf ibn al-‘Abbās al-Zahrāwī al-Ansari (أبو القاسم خلف بن العباس الزهراوي;‎ 936–1013), popularly known as Al-Zahrawi (الزهراوي), Latinised as Abulcasis (from Arabic Abū al-Qāsim), was an Arab Muslim physician, surgeon and chemist who lived in Al-Andalus.
Ambroise Paré (c. 1510 – 20 December 1590) was a French barber surgeon who served in that role for kings Henry II, Francis II, Charles IX and Henry III.
Amputation is the removal of a limb by trauma, medical illness, or surgery.
Ancient Greek medicine was a compilation of theories and practices that were constantly expanding through new ideologies and trials.
Animal models of ischemic stroke are procedures inducing cerebral ischemia.
An appendectomy (known outside the United States as appendisectomy or appendicectomy) is a surgical operation in which the vermiform appendix (a portion of the intestine) is removed.
Sir Astley Paston Cooper, 1st Baronet (23 August 176812 February 1841) was a British surgeon and anatomist, who made historical contributions to otology, vascular surgery, the anatomy and pathology of the mammary glands and testicles, and the pathology and surgery of hernia.
Auguste Nélaton (17 June 1807 – 21 September 1873) was a French physician and surgeon.
Ayurveda is a system of medicine with historical roots in the Indian subcontinent.
Bellevue Hospital, founded on March 31, 1736, is the oldest public hospital in the United States.
Bloodless surgery is a non-invasive surgical method developed by orthopedic surgeon, Adolf Lorenz, who was known as "the bloodless surgeon of Vienna".
The Brown Dog affair was a political controversy about vivisection that raged in England from 1903 until 1910.
Cardiac surgery, or cardiovascular surgery, is surgery on the heart or great vessels performed by cardiac surgeons.
Cardiothoracic surgery (also known as thoracic surgery) is the field of medicine involved in surgical treatment of organs inside the thorax (the chest)—generally treatment of conditions of the heart (heart disease) and lungs (lung disease).
Cauterization (or cauterisation, or cautery) is a medical practice or technique of burning a part of a body to remove or close off a part of it.
Sir Charles Alfred Ballance (30 August 1856 – 9 February 1936) was an English surgeon who specialized in the fields of otology and neurotology.
In medicine the term cheesewiring or cheesewire effect describes any process in which cells or intercellular matrix are dissected or extruded either by the material being pressed through a taut element, or by the tension of a taut element pulling through tissue.
Cholecystectomy is the surgical removal of the gallbladder.
Christian Heinrich Bünger (11 October 1782 – 8 December 1842) was professor of anatomy and was the first surgeon to introduce rhinoplasty.
Chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) is a medical condition in which blood pools in the veins, straining the walls of the vein.
A chylothorax (or chyle leak) is a type of pleural effusion.
Circumcision surgical procedure in males involves either a conventional "cut and stitch" surgical procedure or use of a circumcision instrument or device.
Clarence Lee Brandley (born September 24, 1951) is a black man who was wrongly convicted of the rape and murder of Cheryl Dee Fergeson in 1981.
Claude Franceschi (born October 12, 1942) is an angiologist French MD.
David Malcolm Nott (born 1956) is a Welsh consultant surgeon who works mainly in London hospitals as a general and vascular surgeon, but also volunteers to work in disaster and war zones and also organises training for others in this emergency work.
Diego Manuel de Argumosa y Obregón (July 7, 1792 – April 23, 1865) was a Spanish doctor and the chair of surgery of the School of Medicine at the University of Madrid.
Docking is the removal of portions of an animal's tail.
Ephraim McDowell (November 11, 1771 – June 25, 1830) was an American physician and pioneer surgeon.
Erotic asphyxiation or breath control play is the intentional restriction of oxygen to the brain for the purposes of sexual arousal.
Exercitatio Anatomica de Motu Cordis et Sanguinis in Animalibus (Latin for "An Anatomical Exercise on the Motion of the Heart and Blood in Living Beings"), commonly called De Motu Cordis, is the best-known work of the physician William Harvey.
Eyestalk ablation is the removal of one (unilateral) or both (bilateral) eyestalks from a crustacean.
The femoral artery is a large artery in the thigh and the main arterial supply to the leg.
Francesco Redi (18 February 1626 – 1 March 1697) was an Italian physician, naturalist, biologist and poet.
Sir Frederick Grant Banting (November 14, 1891 – February 21, 1941) was a Canadian medical scientist, physician, painter, and Nobel laureate noted as the co-discoverer of insulin and its therapeutic potential.
A garrote or garrote vil (a Spanish word; alternative spellings include garotte and garrotte including "garrot" and "G-knot"Oxford English Dictionary, 11th Ed: garrotte is normal British English spelling, with single r alternate. Article title is US English spelling variant.) is a weapon, most often referring to a handheld ligature of chain, rope, scarf, wire or fishing line used to strangle a person.
A gelding is a castrated horse or other equine, such as a donkey or a mule.
Georg Franz Blasius von Adelmann (28 June 1811 in Fulda – 16 June 1888 in Berlin) was a German physician and surgeon.
Georges Burou (1910–1987) was a French gynecologist who managed a clinic in Casablanca, Morocco and is widely credited with innovating modern sex reassignment surgery for trans women.
Germanicus Mirault was a French surgeon who pioneered cleft lip surgery.
Gorham's disease (pronounced GOR-amz), also known as Gorham vanishing bone disease and phantom bone disease, is a very rare skeletal condition of unknown cause, characterized by the uncontrolled proliferation of distended, thin-walled vascular or lymphatic channels within bone, which leads to resorption and replacement of bone with angiomas and/or fibrosis.
Haemobilia is a medical condition of bleeding into the biliary tree.
A hemostat (also called a hemostatic clamp, arterial forceps, or pean after Jules-Émile Péan) is a surgical tool used in many surgical procedures to control bleeding.
Hippocrates of Kos (Hippokrátēs ho Kṓos), also known as Hippocrates II, was a Greek physician of the Age of Pericles (Classical Greece), and is considered one of the most outstanding figures in the history of medicine.
Surgery (W. J. Bishop, The early history of Surgery. Hale, London, 1960.
Vice Admiral Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson, 1st Duke of Bronté, (29 September 1758 – 21 October 1805) was a British flag officer in the Royal Navy.
ICD-9-CM Volume 3 is a system of procedural codes used by health insurers to classify medical procedures for billing purposes.
The most common mode of healthcare delivery is through personal, face-to-face contact between a healthcare provider and a beneficiary (patient).
This is a list of terms related to oncology.
Induced stem cells (iSC) are stem cells derived from somatic, reproductive, pluripotent or other cell types by deliberate epigenetic reprogramming.
International Society on Toxinology (IST) is a global society of scientists and clinicians working for the advancement of venoms, poisons and toxins.
Interrupted aortic arch is a very rare heart defect (affecting 3 per million live births) in which the aorta is not completely developed.
The Jatene procedure, arterial switch operation or arterial switch, is an open heart surgical procedure used to correct dextro-transposition of the great arteries (d-TGA); its development was pioneered by Canadian cardiac surgeon William Mustard and it was named for Brazilian cardiac surgeon Adib Jatene, who was the first to use it successfully.
Sir John Fraser (23 March 1885 – 1 December 1947) was Regius Professor of Clinical Surgery at Edinburgh University from 1925 to 1944 and served as principal of the University of Edinburgh from 1944 to 1947.
John Homans (1877 – 1954) was an American surgeon who described Homans' sign and Homans' operation.
The Lady in the Lake trial was a 2005 murder case in which Gordon Park (25 January 1944 – 25 January 2010) a retired teacher from Leece, near Barrow-in-Furness, Cumbria, England, was jailed for life for the murder of his first wife, Carol Ann Park, in 1976.
Ligation may refer to.
Ligature may refer to.
Eponymous surgical procedures are generally named after the surgeon or surgeons who performed or reported them first.
The following is a list of the "E" codes for MeSH.
The following list is composed of items, techniques and processes that were invented by or discovered by people from Spain.
Magic is a category in Western culture into which have been placed various beliefs and practices considered separate from both religion and science.
Malpuech facial clefting syndrome, also called Malpuech syndrome or Gypsy type facial clefting syndrome, is a rare congenital syndrome.
Moyse Charas, or Moses Charas (2 April 1619 - 17 January 1698), was an apothecary in France during the reign of Louis XIV.
Multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS), also known as multiple organ failure (MOF), total organ failure (TOF) or multisystem organ failure (MSOF), is altered organ function in an acutely ill patient requiring medical intervention to achieve homeostasis.
A parotidectomy is the surgical excision (removal) of the parotid gland, the major and largest of the salivary glands.
The patellar network (circulatory anastomosis around the knee-joint, patellar anastomosis, genicular anastomosis, articular vascular network of knee or rete articulare genus) is an intricate network of vessels around and above the patella, and on the contiguous ends of the femur and tibia, forming a superficial and a deep plexus.
Penetrating trauma is an injury that occurs when an object pierces the skin and enters a tissue of the body, creating an open wound.
Pierre Brasdor (19 December 1721 – 28 September 1799), French surgeon, was born in the province of Maine, France.
Placental insufficiency or utero-placental insufficiency is the failure of the placenta to deliver sufficient nutrients to the fetus during pregnancy, and is often a result of insufficient blood flow to the placenta.
Post herniorrhaphy pain syndrome, or inguinodynia is pain or discomfort lasting greater than 3 months after surgery of inguinal hernia.
Prothoracicotropic hormone (PTTH) was the first insect hormone to be discovered.
A pseudoaneurysm, also known as a false aneurysm, is a collection of blood that forms between the two outer layers of an artery, the tunica media and the tunica adventitia.
The redback spider (Latrodectus hasseltii) is a species of highly venomous spider believed to originate in the South Australian or adjacent Western Australian deserts, but now found throughout Australia, Southeast Asia and New Zealand, with colonies elsewhere outside Australia.
Redi Award is an international science award given to scientists who have made significant contributions in toxinology, the scientific study of venoms, poisons and toxins.
Rubber band ligation (RBL) is an outpatient treatment for internal hemorrhoids of any grade.
The Scientific Revolution was a series of events that marked the emergence of modern science during the early modern period, when developments in mathematics, physics, astronomy, biology (including human anatomy) and chemistry transformed the views of society about nature.
A skin tag, or acrochordon (pl. acrochorda), is a small benign tumor that forms primarily in areas where the skin forms creases, such as the neck, armpit and groin.
A spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid leak (SCSFL) is a medical condition in which the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) surrounding the human brain and spinal cord leaks out of the surrounding protective dural sac for no apparent reason.
Stannius Ligature is an experimental procedure to illustrate impulse conduction in frog heart.
The subclavian triangle (or supraclavicular triangle, omoclavicular triangle, Ho's triangle), the smaller division of the posterior triangle, is bounded, above, by the inferior belly of the omohyoideus; below, by the clavicle; its base is formed by the posterior border of the sternocleidomastoideus.
Superficial vein thrombosis (SVT) is a type blood clot in a vein, which forms in a superficial vein near the surface of the body.
Surgery (from the χειρουργική cheirourgikē (composed of χείρ, "hand", and ἔργον, "work"), via chirurgiae, meaning "hand work") is a medical specialty that uses operative manual and instrumental techniques on a patient to investigate or treat a pathological condition such as a disease or injury, to help improve bodily function or appearance or to repair unwanted ruptured areas.
Surgical suture is a medical device used to hold body tissues together after an injury or surgery.
Tonsillectomy is a surgical procedure in which both palatine tonsils (hereafter called "tonsils") are removed from a recess in the side of the pharynx called the tonsillar fossa.
Trendelenburg could refer to.
Tubal ligation or tubectomy (also known as having one's "tubes tied") is a surgical procedure for sterilization in which a woman's fallopian tubes are clamped and block and sealed, either of which prevents eggs from reaching the uterus for implantation.
Vascular occlusion is a blockage of a blood vessel, usually with a clot.
Ventricular fibrillation (V-fib or VF) is when the heart quivers instead of pumping due to disorganized electrical activity in the ventricles.
Veterinary surgery is surgery performed on animals by veterinarians, whereby the procedures fall into three broad categories: orthopaedics (bones, joints, muscles), soft tissue surgery (skin, body cavities, cardiovascular system, GI/urogenital/respiratory tracts), and neurosurgery. Advanced surgical procedures such as joint replacement (total hip, knee and elbow replacement), fracture repair, stabilization of cranial cruciate ligament deficiency, oncologic (cancer) surgery, herniated disc treatment, complicated gastrointestinal or urogenital procedures, kidney transplant, skin grafts, complicated wound management, minimally invasive procedures (arthroscopy, laparoscopy, thoracoscopy) are performed by veterinary surgeons (as registered in their jurisdiction). Most general practice veterinarians perform routine surgery, some also perform additional procedures. The goal of veterinary surgery may be quite different in pets and in farm animals. In the former, the situation is more close to that with human beings, where the benefit to the patient is the important factor. In the latter, the economic benefit is more important.
Vicryl (polyglactin 910) is an absorbable, synthetic, usually braided suture, manufactured by Ethicon Inc., a subsidiary of Johnson and Johnson.
Vincent Johnson (born January 6, 1969), is an American serial killer popularly known as the Brooklyn Strangler.
William Harvey (1 April 1578 – 3 June 1657) was an English physician who made seminal contributions in anatomy and physiology.
Wright Post (19 Feb 1766 – 14 Jun 1828) was an American surgeon, born at North Hempstead, Long Island.
In Great Britain, this year was known as the Annus Mirabilis, because of British victories in the Seven Years' War.
The year 1938 in science and technology involved some significant events, listed below.