75 relations: AN/FSQ-7 Combat Direction Central, Atanasoff–Berry computer, AVIDAC, Bendix G-15, BESK, BESM, BINAC, BIZMAC, CALDIC, CER-10, Colossus computer, Computer, CSIRAC, DASK, Digital electronic computer, DYSEAC, EDVAC, Electronic delay storage automatic calculator, Elliott 152, English Electric DEUCE, ENIAC, Ferranti Mark 1, Ferranti Mercury, Ferranti Pegasus, FUJIC, Harvard Mark III, Harvard Mark IV, Harwell computer, IAS machine, IBM 305 RAMAC, IBM 604, IBM 610, IBM 701, IBM 702, IBM 704, IBM 709, IBM CPC, IBM Naval Ordnance Research Calculator, IBM SSEC, ILLIAC I, Jacek Karpiński, JOHNNIAC, Judy Clapp, LEO (computer), LGP-30, List of transistorized computers, Lists of computers, Magnetic Drum Digital Differential Analyzer, Manchester Baby, Manchester Mark 1, ..., MANIAC I, MANIAC II, MISTIC, MUSASINO-1, ORDVAC, Outline of computer programming, Pilot ACE, RAYDAC, Remington Rand 409, Rice Institute Computer, SEAC (computer), SILLIAC, Strela computer, SWAC (computer), TIFRAC, UNIVAC 1102, UNIVAC 1103, UNIVAC 1105, UNIVAC I, UNIVAC II, Vacuum tube, Vacuum tube computer, Whirlwind I, Z22 (computer), 1625 The NORC. Expand index (25 more) » « Shrink index
The AN/FSQ-7 Combat Direction Central, referred to as the Q7 for short, was a computerized command and control system for Cold War ground-controlled interception used in the USAF Semi-Automatic Ground Environment (SAGE) air defense network.
The Atanasoff–Berry Computer (ABC) was the first automatic electronic digital computer, an early electronic digital computing device that has remained somewhat obscure.
The AVIDAC or Argonne Version of the Institute's Digital Automatic Computer, an early computer built by Argonne National Laboratory, was based on the IAS architecture developed by John von Neumann.
The Bendix G-15 computer was introduced in 1956 by the Bendix Corporation, Computer Division, Los Angeles, California.
BESK (Binär Elektronisk SekvensKalkylator, Swedish for "Binary Electronic Sequence Calculator") was Sweden's first electronic computer, using vacuum tubes instead of relays.
BESM (БЭСМ) is the name of a series of Soviet mainframe computers built in 1950–60s.
BINAC (Binary Automatic Computer) was an early electronic computer designed for Northrop Aircraft Company by the Eckert–Mauchly Computer Corporation (EMCC) in 1949.
The RCA BIZMAC was a vacuum tube computer manufactured by RCA from 1956 to 1962.
CALDIC (the California Digital Computer) was an electronic digital computer built with the assistance of the Office of Naval Research at the University of California, Berkeley between 1951 and 1955 to assist and enhance research being conducted at the university with a platform for high-speed computing.
CER model 10 was a vacuum tube, transistor and electronic relay based computer developed at IBK-Vinča and the Mihajlo Pupin Institute (Belgrade) in 1960.
Colossus was a set of computers developed by British codebreakers in the years 1943–1945 to help in the cryptanalysis of the Lorenz cipher.
A computer is a device that can be instructed to carry out sequences of arithmetic or logical operations automatically via computer programming.
CSIRAC (Council for Scientific and Industrial Research Automatic Computer), originally known as CSIR Mk 1, was Australia's first digital computer, and the fifth stored program computer in the world.
The DASK was the first computer in Denmark.
In computer science, a digital electronic computer is a computer machine which is both an electronic computer and a digital computer.
DYSEAC was the second Standards Electronic Automatic Computer.
EDVAC (Electronic Discrete Variable Automatic Computer) was one of the earliest electronic computers.
The electronic delay storage automatic calculator (EDSAC) was an early British computer.
The Elliot 152 was a vacuum tube fixed-program computer developed for naval gunnery control at the Elliott Brothers laboratory in Borehamwood, England.
The DEUCE (Digital Electronic Universal Computing Engine) was one of the earliest British commercially available computers, built by English Electric from 1955.
ENIAC (Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer) was amongst the earliest electronic general-purpose computers made.
The Ferranti Mark 1, also known as the Manchester Electronic Computer in its sales literature, and thus sometimes called the Manchester Ferranti, was the world's first commercially available general-purpose electronic computer.
The Mercury was an early commercial computer from the mid-1950s built by Ferranti.
Pegasus was an early vacuum tube (valve) computer built by Ferranti, Ltd of Great Britain.
FUJIC was the first electronic digital computer in operation in Japan.
The Harvard Mark III, also known as ADEC (for Aiken Dahlgren Electronic Calculator) was an early computer that was partially electronic and partially electromechanical.
The Harvard Mark IV was an electronic stored-program computer built by Harvard University under the supervision of Howard Aiken for the United States Air Force.
The Harwell computer, later known as the Wolverhampton Instrument for Teaching Computing from Harwell (WITCH), or the Harwell Dekatron Computer, is an early British relay-based computer of the 1950s.
The IAS machine was the first electronic computer to be built at the Institute for Advanced Study (IAS) in Princeton, New Jersey.
The IBM 305 RAMAC was the first commercial computer that used a moving-head hard disk drive (magnetic disk storage) for secondary storage.
The IBM 604 was a control panel programmable Electronic Calculating Punch introduced in 1948, and was "a machine on which considerable expectations for the future of the business were pinned and in which a corresponding amount of planning talent was invested."Charles J. Bashe, Lyle R. Johnson, John H. Palmer, and Emerson W. Pugh, IBM's Early Computers, MIT Press, 1986,, p. 61 Most of the circuitry was based on modifications of circuit designs used in the earlier 603 Electronic Multiplier and was packaged in small one-tube-replaceable pluggable units, which made the product more easily manufactured and serviced.
The IBM 610 Auto-Point Computer is one of the first personal computers, in the sense of a computer to be used by one person whose previous experience with computing might only have been with desk calculators.
The IBM 701 Electronic Data Processing Machine, known as the Defense Calculator while in development, was IBM’s first commercial scientific computer, which was announced to the public on April 29, 1952.
The IBM 702 was IBM's response to the UNIVAC—the first mainframe computer using magnetic tapes.
The IBM 704, introduced by IBM in 1954, is the first mass-produced computer with floating-point arithmetic hardware.
The IBM 709 was a computer system, initially announced by IBM in January 1957 and first installed during August 1958.
The IBM Card-Programmed Electronic Calculator or CPC was announced by IBM in May 1949.
The IBM Naval Ordnance Research Calculator (NORC) was a one-of-a-kind first-generation (vacuum tube) computer built by IBM for the United States Navy's Bureau of Ordnance.
The IBM Selective Sequence Electronic Calculator (SSEC) was an electromechanical computer built by IBM.
The ILLIAC I (Illinois Automatic Computer), a pioneering computer built in 1952 by the University of Illinois, was the first computer built and owned entirely by a US educational institution.
Jacek Karpiński (9 April 1927 – 21 February 2010) was a Polish pioneer in computer engineering and computer science.
The JOHNNIAC was an early computer built by the RAND Corporation (not to be confused with Remington Rand, maker of the contemporaneous UNIVAC I computer) that was based on the von Neumann architecture that had been pioneered on the IAS machine.
Judith A. Clapp (born 1930) is a computer scientist who began her career at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and subsequently moved to the Lincoln Laboratory and then to MITRE, where she was involved in the Semi-Automatic Ground Environment (SAGE) military project, including the development of the SAGE computer.
The LEO I (Lyons Electronic Office I) was the first computer used for commercial business applications.
The LGP-30, standing for Librascope General Purpose and then Librascope General Precision, was an early off-the-shelf computer.
This is a list of transistorized computers, which were digital computers that used discrete transistors as their primary logic elements.
List of computers may refer to.
The MADDIDA (MAgnetic Drum DIgital Differential Analyzer) was a special-purpose digital computer used for solving systems of ordinary differential equations.
The Manchester Baby, also known as the Small-Scale Experimental Machine (SSEM), was the world's first stored-program computer.
The Manchester Mark 1 was one of the earliest stored-program computers, developed at the Victoria University of Manchester from the Manchester Baby (operational in June 1948).
The MANIAC (Mathematical Analyzer, Numerical Integrator, and Computer or Mathematical Analyzer, Numerator, Integrator, and Computer) was an early computer built under the direction of Nicholas Metropolis at the Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory.
The MANIAC II (Mathematical Analyzer Numerical Integrator and Computer Model II) was a first-generation electronic computer, built in 1957 for use at Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory.
The MISTIC, or Michigan State Integral Computer, was the first computer system at Michigan State University and was built by its students, faculty and staff in 1957.
The MUSASINO-1 was one of the earliest electronic digital computers built in Japan.
The ORDVAC or Ordnance Discrete Variable Automatic Computer, an early computer built by the University of Illinois for the Ballistic Research Laboratory at Aberdeen Proving Ground, was based on the IAS architecture developed by John von Neumann, which came to be known as the von Neumann architecture.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to computer programming: Computer programming – process that leads from an original formulation of a computing problem to executable computer programs.
The Pilot ACE (Automatic Computing Engine) was one of the first computers built in the United Kingdom at the National Physical Laboratory (NPL) in the early 1950s.
The RAYDAC (for Raytheon Digital Automatic Computer) was a one-of-a-kind computer built by Raytheon.
The Remington Rand 409 control panel programmed punched card calculator, designed in 1949, was sold in two models: the UNIVAC 60 (1952) and the UNIVAC 120 (1953).
The Rice Institute Computer, also known as the Rice Computer or R1, was a 54-bit tagged architecture, section "II.", "PREVIOUS WORK" digital computer built during 1958–1961 (partially operational beginning in 1959) on the campus of Rice University, Houston, Texas, United States.
SEAC (Standards Eastern Automatic Computer or Standards Electronic Automatic Computer) was a first-generation electronic computer, built in 1950 by the U.S. National Bureau of Standards (NBS) and was initially called the National Bureau of Standards Interim Computer, because it was a small-scale computer designed to be built quickly and put into operation while the NBS waited for more powerful computers to be completed (the DYSEAC).
The SILLIAC (Sydney version of the '''Ill'''inois '''A'''utomatic '''C'''omputer, i.e. the Sydney ILLIAC), an early computer built by the University of Sydney, Australia, was based on the ILLIAC and ORDVAC computers developed at the University of Illinois, which in turn were based on the IAS architecture developed by John von Neumann.
Strela computer (arrow) was the first mainframe computer manufactured serially in the Soviet Union, beginning in 1953.
The SWAC (Standards Western Automatic Computer) was an early electronic digital computer built in 1950 by the U.S. National Bureau of Standards (NBS) in Los Angeles, California.
TIFRAC (Tata Institute of Fundamental Research Automatic Calculator) was the first computer developed in India, at the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research in Mumbai.
The UNIVAC 1102 or ERA 1102 was designed by Engineering Research Associates for the United States Air Force's Arnold Engineering Development Center in Tullahoma, Tennessee in response to a request for proposal issued in 1950.
The UNIVAC 1103 or ERA 1103, a successor to the UNIVAC 1101, was a computer system designed by Engineering Research Associates and built by the Remington Rand corporation in October 1953.
The UNIVAC 1105 was a follow-on computer to the UNIVAC 1103A introduced by Sperry Rand in September 1958.
The UNIVAC I (UNIVersal Automatic Computer I) was the first commercial computer produced in the United States.
The UNIVAC II was an improvement to the UNIVAC I that UNIVAC first delivered in 1958.
In electronics, a vacuum tube, an electron tube, or just a tube (North America), or valve (Britain and some other regions) is a device that controls electric current between electrodes in an evacuated container.
A vacuum tube computer, now termed a first-generation computer, is a computer which uses vacuum tubes for logic circuitry.
Whirlwind I was a Cold War-era vacuum tube computer developed by the MIT Servomechanisms Laboratory for the U.S. Navy.
The Z22 was the seventh computer model Konrad Zuse developed (the first six being the Z1, Z2, Z3, Z4, Z5 and Z11, respectively).
1625 The NORC, provisional designation, is a carbonaceous asteroid from the outer region of the asteroid belt, approximately 55 kilometers in diameter.