Logo
Unionpedia
Communication
Get it on Google Play
New! Download Unionpedia on your Android™ device!
Download
Faster access than browser!
 

List of vacuum tube computers

Index List of vacuum tube computers

Vacuum tube computers, now termed first generation computers, are programmable digital computers using vacuum tube logic circuitry. [1]

75 relations: AN/FSQ-7 Combat Direction Central, Atanasoff–Berry computer, AVIDAC, Bendix G-15, BESK, BESM, BINAC, BIZMAC, CALDIC, CER-10, Colossus computer, Computer, CSIRAC, DASK, Digital electronic computer, DYSEAC, EDVAC, Electronic delay storage automatic calculator, Elliott 152, English Electric DEUCE, ENIAC, Ferranti Mark 1, Ferranti Mercury, Ferranti Pegasus, FUJIC, Harvard Mark III, Harvard Mark IV, Harwell computer, IAS machine, IBM 305 RAMAC, IBM 604, IBM 610, IBM 701, IBM 702, IBM 704, IBM 709, IBM CPC, IBM Naval Ordnance Research Calculator, IBM SSEC, ILLIAC I, Jacek Karpiński, JOHNNIAC, Judy Clapp, LEO (computer), LGP-30, List of transistorized computers, Lists of computers, Magnetic Drum Digital Differential Analyzer, Manchester Baby, Manchester Mark 1, ..., MANIAC I, MANIAC II, MISTIC, MUSASINO-1, ORDVAC, Outline of computer programming, Pilot ACE, RAYDAC, Remington Rand 409, Rice Institute Computer, SEAC (computer), SILLIAC, Strela computer, SWAC (computer), TIFRAC, UNIVAC 1102, UNIVAC 1103, UNIVAC 1105, UNIVAC I, UNIVAC II, Vacuum tube, Vacuum tube computer, Whirlwind I, Z22 (computer), 1625 The NORC. Expand index (25 more) »

AN/FSQ-7 Combat Direction Central

The AN/FSQ-7 Combat Direction Central, referred to as the Q7 for short, was a computerized command and control system for Cold War ground-controlled interception used in the USAF Semi-Automatic Ground Environment (SAGE) air defense network.

New!!: List of vacuum tube computers and AN/FSQ-7 Combat Direction Central · See more »

Atanasoff–Berry computer

The Atanasoff–Berry Computer (ABC) was the first automatic electronic digital computer, an early electronic digital computing device that has remained somewhat obscure.

New!!: List of vacuum tube computers and Atanasoff–Berry computer · See more »

AVIDAC

The AVIDAC or Argonne Version of the Institute's Digital Automatic Computer, an early computer built by Argonne National Laboratory, was based on the IAS architecture developed by John von Neumann.

New!!: List of vacuum tube computers and AVIDAC · See more »

Bendix G-15

The Bendix G-15 computer was introduced in 1956 by the Bendix Corporation, Computer Division, Los Angeles, California.

New!!: List of vacuum tube computers and Bendix G-15 · See more »

BESK

BESK (Binär Elektronisk SekvensKalkylator, Swedish for "Binary Electronic Sequence Calculator") was Sweden's first electronic computer, using vacuum tubes instead of relays.

New!!: List of vacuum tube computers and BESK · See more »

BESM

BESM (БЭСМ) is the name of a series of Soviet mainframe computers built in 1950–60s.

New!!: List of vacuum tube computers and BESM · See more »

BINAC

BINAC (Binary Automatic Computer) was an early electronic computer designed for Northrop Aircraft Company by the Eckert–Mauchly Computer Corporation (EMCC) in 1949.

New!!: List of vacuum tube computers and BINAC · See more »

BIZMAC

The RCA BIZMAC was a vacuum tube computer manufactured by RCA from 1956 to 1962.

New!!: List of vacuum tube computers and BIZMAC · See more »

CALDIC

CALDIC (the California Digital Computer) was an electronic digital computer built with the assistance of the Office of Naval Research at the University of California, Berkeley between 1951 and 1955 to assist and enhance research being conducted at the university with a platform for high-speed computing.

New!!: List of vacuum tube computers and CALDIC · See more »

CER-10

CER model 10 was a vacuum tube, transistor and electronic relay based computer developed at IBK-Vinča and the Mihajlo Pupin Institute (Belgrade) in 1960.

New!!: List of vacuum tube computers and CER-10 · See more »

Colossus computer

Colossus was a set of computers developed by British codebreakers in the years 1943–1945 to help in the cryptanalysis of the Lorenz cipher.

New!!: List of vacuum tube computers and Colossus computer · See more »

Computer

A computer is a device that can be instructed to carry out sequences of arithmetic or logical operations automatically via computer programming.

New!!: List of vacuum tube computers and Computer · See more »

CSIRAC

CSIRAC (Council for Scientific and Industrial Research Automatic Computer), originally known as CSIR Mk 1, was Australia's first digital computer, and the fifth stored program computer in the world.

New!!: List of vacuum tube computers and CSIRAC · See more »

DASK

The DASK was the first computer in Denmark.

New!!: List of vacuum tube computers and DASK · See more »

Digital electronic computer

In computer science, a digital electronic computer is a computer machine which is both an electronic computer and a digital computer.

New!!: List of vacuum tube computers and Digital electronic computer · See more »

DYSEAC

DYSEAC was the second Standards Electronic Automatic Computer.

New!!: List of vacuum tube computers and DYSEAC · See more »

EDVAC

EDVAC (Electronic Discrete Variable Automatic Computer) was one of the earliest electronic computers.

New!!: List of vacuum tube computers and EDVAC · See more »

Electronic delay storage automatic calculator

The electronic delay storage automatic calculator (EDSAC) was an early British computer.

New!!: List of vacuum tube computers and Electronic delay storage automatic calculator · See more »

Elliott 152

The Elliot 152 was a vacuum tube fixed-program computer developed for naval gunnery control at the Elliott Brothers laboratory in Borehamwood, England.

New!!: List of vacuum tube computers and Elliott 152 · See more »

English Electric DEUCE

The DEUCE (Digital Electronic Universal Computing Engine) was one of the earliest British commercially available computers, built by English Electric from 1955.

New!!: List of vacuum tube computers and English Electric DEUCE · See more »

ENIAC

ENIAC (Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer) was amongst the earliest electronic general-purpose computers made.

New!!: List of vacuum tube computers and ENIAC · See more »

Ferranti Mark 1

The Ferranti Mark 1, also known as the Manchester Electronic Computer in its sales literature, and thus sometimes called the Manchester Ferranti, was the world's first commercially available general-purpose electronic computer.

New!!: List of vacuum tube computers and Ferranti Mark 1 · See more »

Ferranti Mercury

The Mercury was an early commercial computer from the mid-1950s built by Ferranti.

New!!: List of vacuum tube computers and Ferranti Mercury · See more »

Ferranti Pegasus

Pegasus was an early vacuum tube (valve) computer built by Ferranti, Ltd of Great Britain.

New!!: List of vacuum tube computers and Ferranti Pegasus · See more »

FUJIC

FUJIC was the first electronic digital computer in operation in Japan.

New!!: List of vacuum tube computers and FUJIC · See more »

Harvard Mark III

The Harvard Mark III, also known as ADEC (for Aiken Dahlgren Electronic Calculator) was an early computer that was partially electronic and partially electromechanical.

New!!: List of vacuum tube computers and Harvard Mark III · See more »

Harvard Mark IV

The Harvard Mark IV was an electronic stored-program computer built by Harvard University under the supervision of Howard Aiken for the United States Air Force.

New!!: List of vacuum tube computers and Harvard Mark IV · See more »

Harwell computer

The Harwell computer, later known as the Wolverhampton Instrument for Teaching Computing from Harwell (WITCH), or the Harwell Dekatron Computer, is an early British relay-based computer of the 1950s.

New!!: List of vacuum tube computers and Harwell computer · See more »

IAS machine

The IAS machine was the first electronic computer to be built at the Institute for Advanced Study (IAS) in Princeton, New Jersey.

New!!: List of vacuum tube computers and IAS machine · See more »

IBM 305 RAMAC

The IBM 305 RAMAC was the first commercial computer that used a moving-head hard disk drive (magnetic disk storage) for secondary storage.

New!!: List of vacuum tube computers and IBM 305 RAMAC · See more »

IBM 604

The IBM 604 was a control panel programmable Electronic Calculating Punch introduced in 1948, and was "a machine on which considerable expectations for the future of the business were pinned and in which a corresponding amount of planning talent was invested."Charles J. Bashe, Lyle R. Johnson, John H. Palmer, and Emerson W. Pugh, IBM's Early Computers, MIT Press, 1986,, p. 61 Most of the circuitry was based on modifications of circuit designs used in the earlier 603 Electronic Multiplier and was packaged in small one-tube-replaceable pluggable units, which made the product more easily manufactured and serviced.

New!!: List of vacuum tube computers and IBM 604 · See more »

IBM 610

The IBM 610 Auto-Point Computer is one of the first personal computers, in the sense of a computer to be used by one person whose previous experience with computing might only have been with desk calculators.

New!!: List of vacuum tube computers and IBM 610 · See more »

IBM 701

The IBM 701 Electronic Data Processing Machine, known as the Defense Calculator while in development, was IBM’s first commercial scientific computer, which was announced to the public on April 29, 1952.

New!!: List of vacuum tube computers and IBM 701 · See more »

IBM 702

The IBM 702 was IBM's response to the UNIVAC—the first mainframe computer using magnetic tapes.

New!!: List of vacuum tube computers and IBM 702 · See more »

IBM 704

The IBM 704, introduced by IBM in 1954, is the first mass-produced computer with floating-point arithmetic hardware.

New!!: List of vacuum tube computers and IBM 704 · See more »

IBM 709

The IBM 709 was a computer system, initially announced by IBM in January 1957 and first installed during August 1958.

New!!: List of vacuum tube computers and IBM 709 · See more »

IBM CPC

The IBM Card-Programmed Electronic Calculator or CPC was announced by IBM in May 1949.

New!!: List of vacuum tube computers and IBM CPC · See more »

IBM Naval Ordnance Research Calculator

The IBM Naval Ordnance Research Calculator (NORC) was a one-of-a-kind first-generation (vacuum tube) computer built by IBM for the United States Navy's Bureau of Ordnance.

New!!: List of vacuum tube computers and IBM Naval Ordnance Research Calculator · See more »

IBM SSEC

The IBM Selective Sequence Electronic Calculator (SSEC) was an electromechanical computer built by IBM.

New!!: List of vacuum tube computers and IBM SSEC · See more »

ILLIAC I

The ILLIAC I (Illinois Automatic Computer), a pioneering computer built in 1952 by the University of Illinois, was the first computer built and owned entirely by a US educational institution.

New!!: List of vacuum tube computers and ILLIAC I · See more »

Jacek Karpiński

Jacek Karpiński (9 April 1927 – 21 February 2010) was a Polish pioneer in computer engineering and computer science.

New!!: List of vacuum tube computers and Jacek Karpiński · See more »

JOHNNIAC

The JOHNNIAC was an early computer built by the RAND Corporation (not to be confused with Remington Rand, maker of the contemporaneous UNIVAC I computer) that was based on the von Neumann architecture that had been pioneered on the IAS machine.

New!!: List of vacuum tube computers and JOHNNIAC · See more »

Judy Clapp

Judith A. Clapp (born 1930) is a computer scientist who began her career at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and subsequently moved to the Lincoln Laboratory and then to MITRE, where she was involved in the Semi-Automatic Ground Environment (SAGE) military project, including the development of the SAGE computer.

New!!: List of vacuum tube computers and Judy Clapp · See more »

LEO (computer)

The LEO I (Lyons Electronic Office I) was the first computer used for commercial business applications.

New!!: List of vacuum tube computers and LEO (computer) · See more »

LGP-30

The LGP-30, standing for Librascope General Purpose and then Librascope General Precision, was an early off-the-shelf computer.

New!!: List of vacuum tube computers and LGP-30 · See more »

List of transistorized computers

This is a list of transistorized computers, which were digital computers that used discrete transistors as their primary logic elements.

New!!: List of vacuum tube computers and List of transistorized computers · See more »

Lists of computers

List of computers may refer to.

New!!: List of vacuum tube computers and Lists of computers · See more »

Magnetic Drum Digital Differential Analyzer

The MADDIDA (MAgnetic Drum DIgital Differential Analyzer) was a special-purpose digital computer used for solving systems of ordinary differential equations.

New!!: List of vacuum tube computers and Magnetic Drum Digital Differential Analyzer · See more »

Manchester Baby

The Manchester Baby, also known as the Small-Scale Experimental Machine (SSEM), was the world's first stored-program computer.

New!!: List of vacuum tube computers and Manchester Baby · See more »

Manchester Mark 1

The Manchester Mark 1 was one of the earliest stored-program computers, developed at the Victoria University of Manchester from the Manchester Baby (operational in June 1948).

New!!: List of vacuum tube computers and Manchester Mark 1 · See more »

MANIAC I

The MANIAC (Mathematical Analyzer, Numerical Integrator, and Computer or Mathematical Analyzer, Numerator, Integrator, and Computer) was an early computer built under the direction of Nicholas Metropolis at the Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory.

New!!: List of vacuum tube computers and MANIAC I · See more »

MANIAC II

The MANIAC II (Mathematical Analyzer Numerical Integrator and Computer Model II) was a first-generation electronic computer, built in 1957 for use at Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory.

New!!: List of vacuum tube computers and MANIAC II · See more »

MISTIC

The MISTIC, or Michigan State Integral Computer, was the first computer system at Michigan State University and was built by its students, faculty and staff in 1957.

New!!: List of vacuum tube computers and MISTIC · See more »

MUSASINO-1

The MUSASINO-1 was one of the earliest electronic digital computers built in Japan.

New!!: List of vacuum tube computers and MUSASINO-1 · See more »

ORDVAC

The ORDVAC or Ordnance Discrete Variable Automatic Computer, an early computer built by the University of Illinois for the Ballistic Research Laboratory at Aberdeen Proving Ground, was based on the IAS architecture developed by John von Neumann, which came to be known as the von Neumann architecture.

New!!: List of vacuum tube computers and ORDVAC · See more »

Outline of computer programming

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to computer programming: Computer programming – process that leads from an original formulation of a computing problem to executable computer programs.

New!!: List of vacuum tube computers and Outline of computer programming · See more »

Pilot ACE

The Pilot ACE (Automatic Computing Engine) was one of the first computers built in the United Kingdom at the National Physical Laboratory (NPL) in the early 1950s.

New!!: List of vacuum tube computers and Pilot ACE · See more »

RAYDAC

The RAYDAC (for Raytheon Digital Automatic Computer) was a one-of-a-kind computer built by Raytheon.

New!!: List of vacuum tube computers and RAYDAC · See more »

Remington Rand 409

The Remington Rand 409 control panel programmed punched card calculator, designed in 1949, was sold in two models: the UNIVAC 60 (1952) and the UNIVAC 120 (1953).

New!!: List of vacuum tube computers and Remington Rand 409 · See more »

Rice Institute Computer

The Rice Institute Computer, also known as the Rice Computer or R1, was a 54-bit tagged architecture, section "II.", "PREVIOUS WORK" digital computer built during 1958–1961 (partially operational beginning in 1959) on the campus of Rice University, Houston, Texas, United States.

New!!: List of vacuum tube computers and Rice Institute Computer · See more »

SEAC (computer)

SEAC (Standards Eastern Automatic Computer or Standards Electronic Automatic Computer) was a first-generation electronic computer, built in 1950 by the U.S. National Bureau of Standards (NBS) and was initially called the National Bureau of Standards Interim Computer, because it was a small-scale computer designed to be built quickly and put into operation while the NBS waited for more powerful computers to be completed (the DYSEAC).

New!!: List of vacuum tube computers and SEAC (computer) · See more »

SILLIAC

The SILLIAC (Sydney version of the '''Ill'''inois '''A'''utomatic '''C'''omputer, i.e. the Sydney ILLIAC), an early computer built by the University of Sydney, Australia, was based on the ILLIAC and ORDVAC computers developed at the University of Illinois, which in turn were based on the IAS architecture developed by John von Neumann.

New!!: List of vacuum tube computers and SILLIAC · See more »

Strela computer

Strela computer (arrow) was the first mainframe computer manufactured serially in the Soviet Union, beginning in 1953.

New!!: List of vacuum tube computers and Strela computer · See more »

SWAC (computer)

The SWAC (Standards Western Automatic Computer) was an early electronic digital computer built in 1950 by the U.S. National Bureau of Standards (NBS) in Los Angeles, California.

New!!: List of vacuum tube computers and SWAC (computer) · See more »

TIFRAC

TIFRAC (Tata Institute of Fundamental Research Automatic Calculator) was the first computer developed in India, at the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research in Mumbai.

New!!: List of vacuum tube computers and TIFRAC · See more »

UNIVAC 1102

The UNIVAC 1102 or ERA 1102 was designed by Engineering Research Associates for the United States Air Force's Arnold Engineering Development Center in Tullahoma, Tennessee in response to a request for proposal issued in 1950.

New!!: List of vacuum tube computers and UNIVAC 1102 · See more »

UNIVAC 1103

The UNIVAC 1103 or ERA 1103, a successor to the UNIVAC 1101, was a computer system designed by Engineering Research Associates and built by the Remington Rand corporation in October 1953.

New!!: List of vacuum tube computers and UNIVAC 1103 · See more »

UNIVAC 1105

The UNIVAC 1105 was a follow-on computer to the UNIVAC 1103A introduced by Sperry Rand in September 1958.

New!!: List of vacuum tube computers and UNIVAC 1105 · See more »

UNIVAC I

The UNIVAC I (UNIVersal Automatic Computer I) was the first commercial computer produced in the United States.

New!!: List of vacuum tube computers and UNIVAC I · See more »

UNIVAC II

The UNIVAC II was an improvement to the UNIVAC I that UNIVAC first delivered in 1958.

New!!: List of vacuum tube computers and UNIVAC II · See more »

Vacuum tube

In electronics, a vacuum tube, an electron tube, or just a tube (North America), or valve (Britain and some other regions) is a device that controls electric current between electrodes in an evacuated container.

New!!: List of vacuum tube computers and Vacuum tube · See more »

Vacuum tube computer

A vacuum tube computer, now termed a first-generation computer, is a computer which uses vacuum tubes for logic circuitry.

New!!: List of vacuum tube computers and Vacuum tube computer · See more »

Whirlwind I

Whirlwind I was a Cold War-era vacuum tube computer developed by the MIT Servomechanisms Laboratory for the U.S. Navy.

New!!: List of vacuum tube computers and Whirlwind I · See more »

Z22 (computer)

The Z22 was the seventh computer model Konrad Zuse developed (the first six being the Z1, Z2, Z3, Z4, Z5 and Z11, respectively).

New!!: List of vacuum tube computers and Z22 (computer) · See more »

1625 The NORC

1625 The NORC, provisional designation, is a carbonaceous asteroid from the outer region of the asteroid belt, approximately 55 kilometers in diameter.

New!!: List of vacuum tube computers and 1625 The NORC · See more »

Redirects here:

List of valve computers, Vacuum tube computers.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_vacuum_tube_computers

OutgoingIncoming
Hey! We are on Facebook now! »