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Agnita (Agnetheln; Szentágota; Transylvanian Saxon dialect: Ongenîtlen) is a town on the Hârtibaciu river in Sibiu County, Transylvania, central Romania.
Amadeus VI (4 January 1334, Chambéry – 1 March 1383, Campobasso), nicknamed the Green Count (Il Conte Verde) was Count of Savoy from 1343 to 1383.
Andrew Lackfi (Lackfi András; 1310October 1359) was an influential nobleman and a successful military leader in the Kingdom of Hungary.
Andrew, Duke of Calabria (30 October 1327 – 18 September 1345) was the first husband of Joanna I of Naples, and a son of Charles I of Hungary and brother of Louis I of Hungary.
Anna of Poland (1366–1425) was countess consort of Celje (Cilli), a medieval Slovenian feudal state within the HRE, and an influential woman in politics of Poland.
Anna of Schweidnitz (Świdnica) (also known as Anne or Anna of Świdnica, Anna Svídnická, Anna Świdnicka, Anna von Schweidnitz und Jauer) (Świdnica, 1339 – 11 July 1362 in Prague) was Queen of Bohemia, German Queen, and Empress of the Holy Roman Empire.
Anti-Romanian sentiment or Romanophobia (antiromânism, românofobie) is hostility toward or prejudice against Romanians as an ethnic, linguistic, religious, or perceived racial group, and can range from individual hatred to institutionalized, violent persecution.
Arad County was an administrative unit in the Kingdom of Hungary, the Eastern Hungarian Kingdom and the Principality of Transylvania.
"Athleta Christi" ("Champion of Christ") was a class of Early Christian soldier martyrs, of whom the most familiar example is one such "military saint," Saint Sebastian.
Austria-Hungary, often referred to as the Austro-Hungarian Empire or the Dual Monarchy in English-language sources, was a constitutional union of the Austrian Empire (the Kingdoms and Lands Represented in the Imperial Council, or Cisleithania) and the Kingdom of Hungary (Lands of the Crown of Saint Stephen or Transleithania) that existed from 1867 to 1918, when it collapsed as a result of defeat in World War I. The union was a result of the Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867 and came into existence on 30 March 1867.
The Austrian Crown Jewels (Insignien und Kleinodien) is a term denoting the regalia and vestments worn by the Holy Roman Emperor, and later by the Emperor of Austria, during the coronation ceremony and other state functions.
Aversa is a city and comune in the Province of Caserta in Campania, southern Italy, about north of Naples.
The House of Ilok (Iločki), in old sources de Illoch, de Wylak, de Voilack etc., Hungarian: Újlaki) was a Croatian noble family, descended in the male line from Gug (in some sources Göge), a member of the lower nobility in the region of Lower Slavonia during the 13th century. The Iločki, meaning "those of Ilok", rose to be a powerful and influential family in the Croato-Hungarian Kingdom during the period in the Late Middle Ages history marked by dynastic struggles for the possession of the throne and the Ottoman wars in Europe that affected the country. Notable members of the family were Bans (viceroys) of Croatia, Voivodes (dukes)Transylvania, Palatines of Hungary, župans (counts), king's chamberlains and king's chief retainers. One of them, Nikola Iločki (English: Nicholas of Ilok, Hungarian: Újlaki Miklós), the most powerful and most famous member of the family, was nominal King of Bosnia from 1471 until 1477.
Ľubietová (Libethen) is a village in central Slovakia.
The Ľupča castle towers above the village Slovenská Ľupča.
The Šubić were one of the twelve tribes which constituted Croatian statehood in the Middle Ages; they held the county of Bribir (Varvaria) in inland Dalmatia.
Žilina (Sillein, or; Zsolna; Żylina, names in other languages) is a city in north-western Slovakia, around from the capital Bratislava, close to both the Czech and Polish borders.
Baba Vida (Баба Вида) is a medieval fortress in Vidin in northwestern Bulgaria and the town's primary landmark.
Bagossy de Bagos et Kaplony (or Bagosi) was a Hungarian noble family from the kindred of Kaplon.
Baia (Stadt Molde/Moldenmarkt, Moldvabánya, Civitas Moldaviae) is a commune in the Suceava County, Romania with a population of 6,793 (2002 census).
Baia Mare (Nagybánya; Frauenbach; Бая-Маре; Rivulus Dominarum; באניע, Banya) is a municipality along the Săsar River, in northwestern Romania; it is the capital of Maramureș County.
Balc (Balk) was, according to many historians (e.g., Alexandru Dimitrie Xenopol, Ştefan Pascu), the third voivode of Moldavia, ruling in ca.
Ban of Croatia (Croatian: Hrvatski ban; horvát bán) was the title of local rulers or office holders and after 1102 viceroys of Croatia.
The Middle Ages in the Banat (a historical region in Central Europe which is now divided among Romania, Serbia and Hungary) started around 900.
The Banate of Macsó or the Banate of Mačva was an administrative division (banate) of the medieval Kingdom of Hungary, which was located in the present-day Mačva region of Serbia.
The Banate of Severin or Banate of Szörény (szörényi bánság; Banatul Severinului; Banatus Zewrinensis; Северинско банство., Severinsko banstvo; Северинска бановина, Severinska banovina) was a political, military and administrative unit with a special role in initially anti-Bulgarian, latterly anti-Ottoman defensive system of the medieval Kingdom of Hungary.
Basarab I, also known as Basarab the Founder (Basarab Întemeietorul), was a voivode, and later the first independent ruler of Wallachia who lived in the first half of the.
Basilica of St Giles in Bardejov, Slovakia, is a Gothic sacral building, which is situated in the northern part of the Town-Hall square (in Slovak Radničné námestie).
The Battle of Bliska (present day Blizna in the hinterland of Trogir called Zagora, southern Croatia) was fought in 1322 between the army of a coalition of several Croatian noblemen and Dalmatian coastal towns (with the support of the king Charles I Robert of Anjou) and the forces of Mladen II Šubić of Bribir, Ban of Croatia, and his allies.
The Battle of Capua was fought between 11–15 January 1348 between the troops of Louis I of Hungary and those of the Kingdom of Naples, in the course of the former's invasion of Naples.
The Battle of Hermannstadt, also known as the Battle of Sibiu or the Battle of Szeben, was fought between the army of the Hungarian Kingdom and the Ottoman Turks on March 18 and March 25, 1442, near Sântimbru (Marosszentimre) and Hermannstadt (Sibiu, Szeben).
Sırp Sındığı was a sudden night raid by an Ottoman force led by Hacı İlbey on a Serbian contingent at the banks of the Martisa river about 15 kilometres from the city of Adrianople.
The Baumgarten Prize was founded by Ferenc Ferdinánd Baumgarten on October 17, 1923.
Bálint Alsáni (Valentin d'Alsan; c. 1330 – 19 November 1408) was a Hungarian Cardinal, who served as the Bishop of Pécs in the Kingdom of Hungary from 1374 to his death in 1408.
Beckov Castle (Beckovský hrad/Beckov; Beckói vár) is a castle in ruins located near the village of Beckov in Nové Mesto nad Váhom District, Trenčín Region, western Slovakia.
Belz (Белз; Bełz ; בעלז &thinsp) is a small city in Sokal Raion of Lviv Oblast (region) of Western Ukraine, near the border with Poland, is located between the Solokiya river (a tributary of the Bug River) and the Rzeczyca stream.
Bertram (or Bertrand) of St.
Biecz (Beitsch) is a town and municipality in southeastern Poland, in Lesser Poland Voivodeship, Gorlice County.
Bistrița (Bistritz, archaic Nösen; Beszterce) is the capital city of Bistrița-Năsăud County, in northern Transylvania, Romania.
The Black Madonna of Częstochowa (Czarna Madonna or italic, Imago thaumaturga Beatae Virginis Mariae Immaculatae Conceptae, in Claro Monte), also known as Our Lady of Częstochowa, is a revered icon of the Virgin Mary housed at the Jasna Góra Monastery in Częstochowa, Poland.
The Bobolice Castle is a 14th-century royal castle in the village of Bobolice, Poland.
Bodzanta or Bodzęta of Kosowice (Bodzęta z Kosowic) (1320–1388) of Szeliga coat of arms was an archbishop of Gniezno (1382–1388), Polish noble, governor of Kraków–Sandomierz lands (1350, 1357–1370, 1372–1379, 1381).
Bogdan I, or Bogdan the Founder (Bogdan Întemeietorul), was the first independent ruler, or voivode, of Moldavia in the 1360s.
Bolesław III of Płock (pl: Bolesław III płocki; 1322/30 – 20 August 1351), was a Polish prince member of the House of Piast, Duke of Płock since 1336 (under regency until 1340), ruler over Wizna and Sochaczew since 1345, formally a vassal of the Kingdom of Bohemia during all his reign.
Bolko II the Small (Bolko II Mały (Świdnicki), Bolko II (Schweidnitz); c. 1312 – 28 July 1368), was the last independent Duke of the Piast dynasty in Silesia.
Bolko III of Strzelce (also known as of Opole; Bolko III Strzelecki (or Opolski); – 21 October 1382) was a Duke of Opole during 1356–1370 (with his brothers as co-rulers) and Duke of Strzelce from 1375 until his death.
Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén (Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén megye,; Boršodsko-abovsko-zemplínska) is an administrative county (comitatus or megye) in north-eastern Hungary (commonly called "Northern Hungary"), on the border with Slovakia.
This is the history of Bosnia and Herzegovina in the Middle Ages, between the ancient and Roman period and the Ottoman period.
The Bosniaks (Bošnjaci,; singular masculine: Bošnjak, feminine: Bošnjakinja) are a South Slavic nation and ethnic group inhabiting mainly the area of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The boyars of Fogaras (now Făgăraș in Romania) were a group of Vlach (or Romanian) conditional nobles in the medieval Kingdom of Hungary and the Principality (and Grand Principality) of Transylvania.
Bran Castle (Castelul Bran; Törzburg; Törcsvár), situated near Bran and in the immediate vicinity of Brașov, is a national monument and landmark in Romania.
Brzeg Castle is located in Brzeg, Opole Voivodeship, within the Silesia region of Poland.
Buda Castle (Budavári Palota, Burgpalast) is the historical castle and palace complex of the Hungarian kings in Budapest.
The Bulgarian–Hungarian wars were a series of conflicts that occurred during the 9th–14th centuries between the Bulgarian Empire and the Kingdom of Hungary.
The Bulgarian–Ottoman wars were fought between the kingdoms remaining from the disintegrating Second Bulgarian Empire, and the Ottoman Empire, in the second half of the 14th century.
This list contains all European emperors, kings and regent princes and their consorts as well as well-known crown princes since the Middle Ages, whereas the lists are starting with either the beginning of the monarchy or with a change of the dynasty (e.g. England with the Norman king William the Conqueror, Spain with the unification of Castile and Aragon, Sweden with the Vasa dynasty, etc.). In addition, it contains the still-existing principalities of Monaco and Liechtenstein and the Grand-Duchy of Luxembourg.
The Capetian dynasty, also known as the House of France, is a dynasty of Frankish origin, founded by Hugh Capet.
The Capetian House of Anjou was a royal house and cadet branch of the direct French House of Capet, part of the Capetian dynasty.
Carei (Hungarian: Nagykároly,; German: Grosskarol/Großkarl; קראלי Krole or Krula, Turkish: Karolvar) is a city in Satu Mare County, northwestern Romania, near the border with Hungary.
Casimir III the Great (Kazimierz III Wielki; 30 April 1310 – 5 November 1370) reigned as the King of Poland from 1333 to 1370.
Casimir IV (Kazimierz IV or Kaźko Słupski, 3-486-55840-4 or Kasimir V) (1351 – 2 January 1377) was a duke of Pomerania in Pomerania-Stolp since 1374.
Castel Nuovo (Italian: "New Castle"), often called Maschio Angioino (Italian: "Angevin Keep"), is a medieval castle located in front of Piazza Municipio and the city hall (Palazzo San Giacomo) in central Naples, Italy.
The Castle of Diósgyőr is a medieval castle in the historical town of Diósgyőr which is now part of the Northern Hungarian city Miskolc.
Catherine of Hungary (Katalin, Katarzyna; July 1370 – May 1378), a member of the Capetian House of Anjou, was heir presumptive to the thrones of Hungary and Poland as eldest child of King Louis the Great and his second wife, Elizabeth of Bosnia.
Catherine of Hungary (died 1355) was a daughter of King Charles I of Hungary.
The Catholic Church (Biserica Catolică din România, Romániai Római Katolikus Egyház, Katholische Kirche in Rumänien) in Romania is a Latin Rite Christian church, part of the worldwide Catholic Church, under the spiritual leadership of the Pope in Rome.
Cegléd (Zieglet) is a city in Pest county, Hungary, approximately southeast of the Hungarian capital, Budapest.
Charles I, also known as Charles Robert (Károly Róbert; Karlo Robert; Karol Róbert; 128816 July 1342) was King of Hungary and Croatia from 1308 to his death.
Charles the Short or Charles of Durazzo (1345 – 24 February 1386) was King of Naples and titular King of Jerusalem from 1382 to 1386 as Charles III, and King of Hungary from 1385 to 1386 as Charles II.
Charles IV (Karel IV., Karl IV., Carolus IV; 14 May 1316 – 29 November 1378Karl IV. In: (1960): Geschichte in Gestalten (History in figures), vol. 2: F-K. 38, Frankfurt 1963, p. 294), born Wenceslaus, was a King of Bohemia and the first King of Bohemia to also become Holy Roman Emperor.
Charles of Durazzo (Carlo di Durazzo 1323 – 23 January 1348) was a Neapolitan nobleman, the eldest son of John, Duke of Durazzo and Agnes of Périgord.
The Chest of Saint Simeon or Saint Simeon's Casket (Škrinja sv.) is a rectangular cedarwood sarcophagus in the shape of a chasse, overlaid with silver and silver-gilt plaques, said to hold the relics of St Simon the God-receiver; it is located over the main altar in the Church of Saint Simeon in Zadar, Croatia.
The chief justiceFallenbüchl 1988, p. 147.
The Christianization of Lithuania (Lietuvos krikštas) occurred in 1387, initiated by King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania Władysław II Jagiełło and his cousin Vytautas the Great.
The Chronicon Pictum (Latin for illustrated chronicle, Illuminated Chronicle or Vienna Illuminated Chronicle, Képes Krónika also referred to as Chronica Hungarorum, Chronicon (Hungariae) Pictum, Chronica Picta or Chronica de Gestis Hungarorum) is a medieval illustrated chronicle from the Kingdom of Hungary from the second half of fourteenth century.
The Greater Poland Civil War (Wojna domowa w Wielkopolsce) refers to the conflict that took place during 1382–1385 in the Greater Poland province of the Kingdom of Poland during the interregnum period following the transition of power between the Piast dynasty, Angevin dynasty and the Jagiellon dynasty.
Clan Ostoja (ancient Polish: Ostoya) was a powerful group of knights and lords in late-medieval Europe.
The coat of arms of Cluj-Napoca is the heraldic symbol standing for the city of Cluj-Napoca, Romania.
The coat of arms of the Republic of Croatia (Grb Republike Hrvatske) consists of one main shield and five smaller shields which form a crown over the main shield.
The coat of arms of Dalmatia is the heraldic symbol used for the historical region of Dalmatia on the eastern coast of Adriatic Sea.
Košice (today in Slovakia; previously part of the Kingdom of Hungary and Austria-Hungary, Kassa in Hungarian, Cassovia in Latin) was the first town in Europe to be granted its own coat of arms.
The coat of arms of Miskolc, Hungary was created in 1909 based on the mediaeval seals of the city.
The coat of arms of Slovakia consists of a red (gules) shield, in early Gothic style, charged with a silver (argent) double cross standing on the middle peak of a dark blue mountain consisting of three peaks.
The Coat of arms of the Republic of Ragusa was the heraldic symbol of the historical Republic of Ragusa.
Cola di Rienzo (or de Rienzi; or) (c. 1313 – 8 October 1354) was an Italian medieval politician and popular leader, tribune of the Roman people in the mid-14th century.
A konfederacja ("confederation") was an ad hoc association formed by Polish-Lithuanian szlachta (nobility), clergy, cities, or military forces in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth for the attainment of stated aims.
The Congress of Kraków (Polish: Zjazd krakowski) was a meeting of monarchs initiated by King Casimir III the Great of Poland and held in Kraków (Cracow) around September 22–27, 1364.
The second Congress of Visegrád was a 1339 summit in Visegrád where it was decided that after the death of Casimir III of Poland, the son of Charles I of Hungary, Louis I of Hungary, would become King of Poland provided that Kazimierz does not have a son.
The current Constitution of Poland was adopted on 2 April 1997.
The Coronation of the Hungarian monarch was a ceremony in which the king or queen of the Kingdom of Hungary was formally crowned and invested with regalia.
Coronations in Europe were previously held in the monarchies of Europe.
Coronations in Poland officially began in 1025 and continued until 1764, when the final king of an independent Poland, Stanisław August Poniatowski, was crowned at St. John's Cathedral in Warsaw.
The Count of the Székelys (székelyispán, comes Sicolorum) was the leader of the Hungarian-speaking Székelys in Transylvania, in the medieval Kingdom of Hungary.
A county (Hungarian: vármegye or megye; for the various names, their origin and use see here) is the name of a type of administrative units in the Kingdom of Hungary and in Hungary from the 10th century until the present day.
The Counts of Celje (Celjski grofje) or the Counts of Cilli (Grafen von Cilli; cillei grófok) were the most influential late medieval noble dynasty on the territory of present-day Slovenia.
Crizbav (Krizba, Krebsbach) is a commune in Brașov County, Romania.
The Kingdom of Croatia (Regnum Croatiae; Hrvatsko kraljevstvo or Kraljevina Hrvatska) entered a personal union with the Kingdom of Hungary in 1102, after a period of rule of kings from the Trpimirović and Svetoslavić dynasties and a succession crisis following the death of king Demetrius Zvonimir.
Croatian art describes the visual arts in Croatia from medieval times to the present.
The Croatian Navy (Hrvatska ratna mornarica or HRM) is a branch of the Croatian Armed Forces.
The Croatian–Venetian wars were a series of periodical, punctuated medieval conflicts and naval campaigns waged for control of the northeastern coast of the Adriatic Sea between the City-state (later the Republic) of Venice and the Principality of Croatia (later turned to the Kingdom of Croatia, as well as the Kingdom of Croatia in personal union with Hungary), at times allied with neighbouring territories – the Principality of the Narentines and Zahumlje in the south and Istrian peninsula (then partially ruled by the German feudal families) in the north. First struggles occurred at the very beginning of the existence of two conflict parties (7th and 8th century), they intensified in the 9th century, lessened during the 10th century, but intensified again since the beginning of the 11th century. From the year 1000 Venetian forces managed to subjugate a lot of coastal towns of the Byzantine Theme of Dalmatia, which was ceded from the Byzantine Emperor to the Croatian King. From the 1030s however, after the fall of Doge Otto Orseolo, Croatian kings Stjepan I and his son Petar Krešimir IV succeeded in taking almost the whole coast back, so the latter carried the title King od Croatia and Dalmatia. Since 1085, following the agreement between Venice and Byzantine Empire, Venetians subsequently conquered the significant part of the Croatian coastline. During the 12th century, after Croatia entered a personal union with the Kingdom of Hungary, Croato-Hungarian kings Coloman and Béla II managed to return a considerable territory of Dalmatia and Croatian Littoral to their kingdom, but occasional conflicts almost never ceased. Since that Croatian–Venetian wars were technically theaters of the more wider Hungarian–Venetian Wars. When Louis the Great, the new young king (ruled 1342–1382), decided to expel Venetians from his country, he launched a large campaign in 1356–1358 and forced them to withdraw from Dalmatia. Zadar Peace Treaty was signed on 18 February 1358 and the whole coast from eastern Istria to southern Dalmatia was set free. In 1409 the Republic of Venice used the opportunity of the dynastic struggle that occurred and bought Dalmatia for 100,000 ducats from the Croatian anti-king Ladislaus of Naples, establishing Venetian Dalmatia. Croatian Littoral and eastern Istria remained parts of Croatia, where Croats, together with their allies, rejected Venetian efforts to subject them and fought against Venetians in conflicts like War of the Holy League and Uskok War. Thus a couple of decades after the purchase of Dalmatia by Venice, the Croatian–Venetian Wars became part of larger conflicts of the world's Great powers and were turned into the Ottoman–Venetian wars and Habsburg–Venetian wars.
Croats (Hrvati) or Croatians are a nation and South Slavic ethnic group native to Croatia.
The Crown of Bolesław I the Brave (in Polish: Korona Chrobrego, also known in Latin as the Corona Privilegiata) was the coronation crown of the Polish monarchs.
The culture of Hungary varies across Hungary, starting from the capital city of Budapest on the Danube, to the Great Plains bordering Ukraine.
Dalmatia (Dalmacija; see names in other languages) is one of the four historical regions of Croatia, alongside Croatia proper, Slavonia and Istria.
Dalmatian city-states were the Dalmatian localities where the local Romance population survived the Barbarian invasions after the fall of the Western Roman Empire in the 400s CE.
Debrecen is Hungary's second largest city after Budapest.
The Decree of Turda was a decree by Louis I Anjou of Hungary.
Demetrius (Demeter; died 20 February 1387), was a Hungarian cardinal and politician, who served as archbishop of Esztergom and bishop of Zagreb and Transylvania, and chancellor.
Demetrius, Prince of the Tatars (Demetrius princeps Tartarorum) was a Mongol, or Tatar, ruler in the second half of the.
Diósgyőr is a historical town in Hungary, today it is a part of Miskolc.
Dobrogost z Nowego Dwóru (died 14 September 1401) was a medieval Bishop in Poland.
Donji Kraji ("Lower Regions" or "Lower Ends") or Olfeld (In hu), known in Latin as Partes inferiores ("Lower Parts"), was a small medieval region in present-day northwestern Bosnia and Herzegovina, on the southwestern size of Bosanska Krajina.
Dorothea of Bulgaria (Доротея, Doroteja/Доротеја; died 1390), also called Doroslava (Дорослава), was the first Queen of Bosnia.
Dragoș, also known as Dragoș Vodă, or Dragoș the Founder was the first Voivode of Moldavia, who reigned in the middle of the, according to the earliest Moldavian chronicles.
The Drugeths were a noble family (of French origin) of the Kingdom of Hungary in the 14-17th centuries whose possessions were situated on the north-eastern parts of the kingdom.
The ducat was a gold or silver coin used as a trade coin in Europe from the later middle ages until as late as the 20th century.
Duchy of Belz or principality of Belz was a duchy, formed in the late 12th century in Kievan Rus.
Duchy of Podolia (Подільське князівство, Księstwo podolskie) was a historical state that previously was a part of Kingdom of Galicia–Volhynia.
The Duchy of Pomerania (Herzogtum Pommern, Księstwo Pomorskie, 12th century – 1637) was a duchy in Pomerania on the southern coast of the Baltic Sea, ruled by dukes of the House of Pomerania (Griffins).
The Duke of Transylvania (erdélyi herceg; dux Transylvaniae) was a title of nobility four times granted to a son or a brother of the Hungarian monarch.
Dymitr of Goraj (Dymitr z Goraja) (ca.1340–1400) of Clan Korczak was a Grand Crown Marshal from 1390 and Court Treasurer in the years 1364–1370 and 1377–1391.
Education in Hungary are predominantly public, run by the Ministry of Human Resources.
An Electress was the consort of a Prince-elector of the Holy Roman Empire, one of the Empire's greatest princes.
Elizabeth of Bosnia (– January 1387) was queen consort and later regent of Hungary and Croatia, as well as queen consort of Poland.
Elizabeth of Kuyavia (Elżbieta, Elizabeta/Елизабета; 1315/20 – after 22 August 1345) was a Polish noblewoman of the House of Piast.
Princess Elizabeth of Poland (Elżbieta Kazimierzówna) (1326–1361) was the eldest child of Casimir III of Poland and his first wife, Aldona of Lithuania.
Elizabeth of Poland (Polish: Elżbieta Łokietkówna) (1305 – 29 December 1380) was Queen consort of Hungary by marriage to Charles I of Hungary, and regent of Poland from 1370 to 1376 during the absence of her son Louis I of Hungary.
Elizabeth of Slavonia (1352 – before 1380), member of the Hungarian branch of the Capetian House of Anjou, was the heir presumptive to the Hungarian throne between 1360 and 1370.
Emeric (I) Bebek (Bebek (I.) Imre, Emerik Bubek; died 1395) was a Hungarian powerful baron, who rose to prominence during the last regnal years of King Louis I of Hungary.
The English longbow was a powerful medieval type of longbow (a tall bow for archery) about long used by the English and Welsh for hunting and as a weapon in medieval warfare.
Esztergom (Gran, Ostrihom, known by alternative names), is a city in northern Hungary, northwest of the capital Budapest.
Făgăraș (Fogarasch, Fugreschmarkt, Fogaras) is a city in central Romania, located in Brașov County.
The Fonthill Vase, also called the Gaignières-Fonthill Vase after François Roger de Gaignières and William Beckford's Fonthill Abbey, is a bluish-white Qingbai Chinese porcelain vase dated to 1300-1340 AD.
The Klis Fortress (Tvrđava Klis) is a medieval fortress situated above a village bearing the same name, near the city of Split, in central Dalmatia, Croatia. From its origin as a small stronghold built by the ancient Illyrian tribe Dalmatae, becoming a royal castle that was the seat of many Croatian kings, to its final development as a large fortress during the Ottoman wars in Europe, Klis Fortress has guarded the frontier, being lost and re-conquered several times throughout its more-than-two-thousand-year-long history. Due to its location on a pass that separates the mountains Mosor and Kozjak, the fortress served as a major source of defense in Dalmatia, especially against the Ottoman advance, and has been a key crossroad between the Mediterranean belt and the Balkan rear.
The foundation of Wallachia (Descălecatul Țării Românești), that is the establishment of the first independent Romanian principality, was achieved at the beginning of the 14th century, through the unification of smaller political units that had existed between the Carpathian Mountains, and the Rivers Danube, Siret and Milcov.
The founding of Moldavia began with the arrival of a Vlach (Romanian) voivode (military leader), Dragoș, soon followed by his people from Maramureș to the region of the Moldova River.
Montréal de Albarno, also known as Fra Moriale (1315 ? –August 1354) was a Provençal mercenary and condottiero.
The Kingdom of France in the Middle Ages (roughly, from the 9th century to the middle of the 15th century) was marked by the fragmentation of the Carolingian Empire and West Francia (843–987); the expansion of royal control by the House of Capet (987–1328), including their struggles with the virtually independent principalities (duchies and counties, such as the Norman and Angevin regions) that had developed following the Viking invasions and through the piecemeal dismantling of the Carolingian Empire and the creation and extension of administrative/state control (notably under Philip II Augustus and Louis IX) in the 13th century; and the rise of the House of Valois (1328–1589), including the protracted dynastic crisis of the Hundred Years' War with the Kingdom of England (1337–1453) compounded by the catastrophic Black Death epidemic (1348), which laid the seeds for a more centralized and expanded state in the early modern period and the creation of a sense of French identity.
Francesco I da Carrara (29 September 1325, Monza – 6 October 1393, Padua), called il Vecchio, was Lord of Padua from 1350 to 1388.
Francesco I Gattilusio (died 6 August 1384) was the first member of the Gattilusio family to rule the Aegean island of Lesbos as vassal of the Byzantine emperor.
Frank Szécsényi (Szécsényi Frank; died 1408), also Francis, was a Hungarian powerful baron and military leader, who was a staunch supporter of King Sigismund of Luxembourg.
Galicia–Volhynia Wars were several wars fought in the years 1340–1392 over the succession in the Principality of Galicia–Volhynia (in modern Poland and Ukraine).
Giovanni Dolfin, also known as Giovanni Delfino or Delfin (died 12 July 1361) was the fifty-seventh Doge of Venice, appointed on August 13, 1356.
Glamoč is a town and municipality located in Canton 10 of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The Golden Rose is a gold ornament, which popes of the Catholic Church have traditionally blessed annually.
Goraj is a village in Biłgoraj County, Lublin Voivodeship, in eastern Poland.
The Great Company was a group of mercenaries, chiefly of German origin but operating in the Italian peninsula, who flourished in the mid-14th century.
Guy of Boulogne (1313 – 25 November 1373) was a statesman and cardinal who served the Avignon Papacy for 33 years.
Hahóti was the name of a short-lived lesser noble family in Zala County, Kingdom of Hungary in the 14th century.
Halych (Halyč; Halici; Halicz; Galič; Halytsch) is a historic city on the Dniester River in western Ukraine.
Hősök tere (Heroes' Square) is one of the major squares in Budapest, Hungary, noted for its iconic statue complex featuring the Seven Chieftains of the Magyars and other important Hungarian national leaders, as well as the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier.
Hedwig is a German feminine given name, from Old High German Hadwig, Hadewig, Haduwig.
Hedwig of Sagan (Jadwiga żagańska; before 1350 – 27 March 1390) was Queen of Poland as the fourth wife of Casimir III.
Henry of Masovia (Henryk mazowiecki) (1368/1370–1392/1393) was a noble and a bishop of the Kingdom of Poland.
Henry VII (V) Rumpold also known as the Middle or the Greater (Henryk VII Rumpold or Średni, Większy; b. ca. 1350 – d. 24 December 1395), was a Duke of Żagań-Głogów during 1368–1378 (as a co-ruler with his brothers) and since 1378 ruler over half of Głogów, Ścinawa and Bytom Odrzański.
The history of Christianity in Hungary began in the Roman province of Pannonia where the presence of Christian communities is first attested in the 3rd century.
The history of Christianity in Romania began within the Roman province of Lower Moesia, where many Christians were martyred at the end of the 3rd century.
Croatia first appeared as a duchy in the late 7th century and then as a kingdom in the 10th century.
With the arrival of the Hungarians into the heart of the Central European Plain around 899, Slavic tribes of Vistulans, White Croats, and Lendians found themselves under Hungarian rule.
Hungary is a country in Central Europe whose history under this name dates to the Early Middle Ages, when the Pannonian Basin was conquered by the Hungarians (Magyars), a semi-nomadic people who had migrated from Eastern Europe.
Lviv (Ukrainian: Львів, L’viv; Lwów; Lemberg; לעמבערג; Lvov, see also other names) is an administrative center in western Ukraine with more than a millennium of history as a settlement, and over seven centuries as a city.
Maramureș (in Romanian; Dacian: Maramarista; Latin: Marmatia; Máramaros; Мармарощина) is a historical region in the north of Transylvania, along the upper Tisa River.
The history of Naples is long and varied.
The history of Poland has its roots in the migrations of Slavs, who established permanent settlements in the Polish lands during the Early Middle Ages.
The period of rule by the Piast dynasty between the 10th and 14th centuries is the first major stage of the history of the Polish nation.
In this time period Polish history covering roughly a millennium, from the 5th century, the way through to the 16th century.
This article discusses the history of the territory of Slovakia.
The Jews in Belarus were the third largest ethnic group in the country in the first half of the 20th century.
Jews have a long history in the country now known as Hungary, with some records even predating the AD 895 Hungarian conquest of the Carpathian Basin by over 600 years.
The history of the Jews in Lithuania spans the period from the 8th century to the present day.
The history of the Jews in Poland dates back over 1,000 years.
The history of the Jews in Poland before the 18th century covers the period of Jewish-Polish history from its origins, roughly until the political and socio-economic circumstances leading to the dismemberment of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth in the second half of the 18th century by the neighbouring empires (see also: Partitions of Poland).
The history of the Jews in Romania concerns the Jews both of Romania and of Romanian origins, from their first mention on what is present-day Romanian territory.
The Republic of Venice (Repùblica Vèneta; Repubblica di Venezia), traditionally known as the Most Serene Republic of Venice (Serenìsima Repùblica Vèneta; Serenissima Repubblica di Venezia), was a sovereign state and maritime republic in northeastern Italy, which existed for a millennium between the 8th century and the 18th century.
The history of the Székely people (a subgroup of the Hungarians in Romania) can be documented from the 12th century.
The House of Lusignan was a royal house of French origin, which at various times ruled several principalities in Europe and the Levant, including the kingdoms of Jerusalem, Cyprus, and Armenia, from the 12th through the 15th centuries during the Middle Ages.
Hrvoje Vukčić Hrvatinić (ca. 1350–1416) was a Ban of Croatia, Grand Duke of Bosnia and Duke of Split.
The Hungarian Crown was a part of the Polish Crown Jewels.
Hungarian Defence Forces (Magyar Honvédség) is the national defence force of Hungary.
Hungarian heraldry generally follows German heraldry in its artistic forms, but has its own distinctive character.
The Hungarian Historical Society (Magyar Történelmi Társulat) is one of the most important and prestigious learned society among the similar societies in Hungary – but the Hungarian Academy of Sciences is considered as a principal learned society – and the most notable historical society of Hungary which was established in 1867.
Hungarian literature is the body of written works primarily produced in Hungarian,, Encyclopædia Britannica, 2012 edition and may also include works written in other languages (mostly Latin), either produced by Hungarians or having topics which are closely related to Hungarian culture.
Hungarian names include surnames and given names.
The Hungarian nobility consisted of a privileged group of people, most of whom owned landed property, in the Kingdom of Hungary.
The Hungarian occupation of Vidin was a period in the history of the city and region of Vidin, today in northwestern Bulgaria, when it was called Banate of Bulgaria under the rule of King Louis I of Hungary from 1365 to 1369.
Hungary (Magyarország) is a country in Central Europe that covers an area of in the Carpathian Basin, bordered by Slovakia to the north, Ukraine to the northeast, Austria to the northwest, Romania to the east, Serbia to the south, Croatia to the southwest, and Slovenia to the west.
Hungary–Poland relations are the foreign relations between Hungary and Poland.
Ilija ((rare) Ilia, Sankt Egidien; Illés, Illia) is a village and municipality in Banská Štiavnica District, in the Banská Bystrica Region of Slovakia.
The ispánRady 2000, p. 19.
Ivan Alexander (Иван Александър, transliterated Ivan Aleksandǎr; pronounced; original spelling: ІѠАНЪ АЛЄѮАНдРЪ), also sometimes Anglicized as John Alexander, ruled as Emperor (Tsar) of Bulgaria from 1331 to 1371,Lalkov, Rulers of Bulgaria, pp.
Ivan Sratsimir or Ivan Stratsimir (Иван Срацимир) was emperor (tsar) of Bulgaria in Vidin from 1356 to 1396.
Jadwiga, also known as Hedwig (Hedvig; 1373/4 – 17 July 1399), was the first female monarch of the Kingdom of Poland, reigning from 16 October 1384 until her death.
The Jagiellonian dynasty was a royal dynasty, founded by Jogaila (the Grand Duke of Lithuania, who in 1386 was baptized as Władysław, married Queen regnant (also styled "King") Jadwiga of Poland, and was crowned King of Poland as Władysław II Jagiełło. The dynasty reigned in several Central European countries between the 14th and 16th centuries. Members of the dynasty were Kings of Poland (1386–1572), Grand Dukes of Lithuania (1377–1392 and 1440–1572), Kings of Hungary (1440–1444 and 1490–1526), and Kings of Bohemia (1471–1526). The personal union between the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania (converted in 1569 with the Treaty of Lublin into the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth) is the reason for the common appellation "Poland–Lithuania" in discussions about the area from the Late Middle Ages onward. One Jagiellonian briefly ruled both Poland and Hungary (1440–44), and two others ruled both Bohemia and Hungary (1490–1526) and then continued in the distaff line as a branch of the House of Habsburg. The Polish "Golden Age", the period of the reigns of Sigismund I and Sigismund II, the last two Jagiellonian kings, or more generally the 16th century, is most often identified with the rise of the culture of Polish Renaissance. The cultural flowering had its material base in the prosperity of the elites, both the landed nobility and urban patriciate at such centers as Kraków and Gdańsk.
Jan Kmita z Wiśnicza (ca. 1330 - died 1376 in Kraków) was a Polish knight.
Jan Kropidło (1360 or 1364 – 3 March 1421), was an ecclesiastic leader in Poland during the late Middle Ages.
Jan(ko) of Czarnków (Jan(ko) z Czarnkowa) (ca. 1320–1387), of Nałęcz coat of arms, was a Polish chronicler, Deputy Chancellor of the Crown and Archdeacon of Gniezno.
Janusz I of Warsaw (pl: Janusz I warszawski), also known as Janusz I the Old (pl: Janusz I Starszy) (c. 1347/52 – 8 December 1429), was a Polish prince member of the House of Piast in the Masovian branch, from 1373/74 Duke of Warsaw and after the division of the paternal inheritance between him and his brother in 1381, ruler over Nur, Łomża, Liw, Ciechanów, Wyszogród and Zakroczym.
Janusz Suchywilk of Grzymala Coat of Arms (c. 1310 – 5 April 1382) was a Polish nobleman (szlachcic), relative of Jarosław z Bogorii i Skotnik.
Jelena Šubić (died 1378) was a member of the Bribir branch of the Šubić noble family who ruled the Banate of Bosnia as regent from 1354 until 1357.
Jelena Šubić (Serbian Cyrillic: Јелена Шубић; Jelena Nemanjić Šubić (Јелена Немањић Шубић)) was the daughter of Stefan Uroš III Dečanski of Serbia and the half-sister of Stefan Uroš IV Dušan of Serbia.
Sopron (Ödenburg, Scarbantia) was historically capital of the district of the same name.
Joanna I (Italian: Giovanna I; March 1328 – 27 July 1382) was Queen of Naples and Countess of Provence and Forcalquier from 1343 until her death.
Jobst of Moravia (Jošt Moravský or Jošt Lucemburský; Jo(b)st or Jodokus von Mähren; c. 1354 – 18 January 1411), a member of the House of Luxembourg, was Margrave of Moravia from 1375, Duke of Luxembourg and Elector of Brandenburg from 1388 as well as elected King of Germany (King of the Romans) from 1410 until his death.
Johannes de Thurocz (Thuróczy János; Ján z Turca or Ján de Turocz, Johannes de Thurocz., variant contemporary spelling: de Thwrocz) (c. 1435 – 1488 or 1489), was a Hungarian historian and the author of the Latin Chronica Hungarorum ("Chronicle of the Hungarians"), the most extensive 15th-century work on Hungary, and the first chronicle of Hungary written by a layman.
John I (15–20 November 1316), called the Posthumous, was King of France and Navarre, as the posthumous son and successor of Louis X, for the five days he lived in 1316.
John (János; 1354–1360) was a Hungarian royal prince of the Capetian House of Anjou.
John of Küküllő (13201393) was a Hungarian clergyman, royal official and historian.
John V Palaiologos or Palaeologus (Ίωάννης Ε' Παλαιολόγος, Iōannēs V Palaiologos; 18 June 1332 – 16 February 1391) was a Byzantine emperor, who succeeded his father in 1341 at age of eight.
The judge of the Cumans (kunok bírája or kunbíró; iudex Cumanorum) was a short-lived legal office, then an ex officio title in the Hungarian royal court, existed since the second half of the 13th century.
The judge royal, also justiciar, chief justiceSegeš 2002, p. 202.
Kalocsa (Kaloča or Kalača; Kaloča or Калоча; Kollotschau) is a town in Bács-Kiskun county, Hungary.
Kónya Szécsényi (or Konya; Szécsényi Kónya, Konja Széchényi; died 1367), was a Hungarian baron, who served as Ban of Croatia and Dalmatia from 1366 till his death, during the reign of King Louis I of Hungary.
Kęstutis (born ca. 1297, died on 3 August or 15 August 1382 in Kreva) was a ruler of medieval Lithuania.
Kecskemét is a city in the central part of Hungary.
The King of Hungary (magyar király) was the ruling head of state of the Kingdom of Hungary from 1000 (or 1001) to 1918.
The King of Jerusalem was the supreme ruler of the Kingdom of Jerusalem, the Crusader state founded by Christian princes in 1099 when the First Crusade took the city.
King of Ruthenia, King of Galicia and Volhynia, King of Poland and Ruthenia, Land of Ruthenia Lord and Heir (Latin: Rex Rusiae, Rex Galiciae et Lodomeriae, Rex Polonie et Russie, Terre Russie Domin et Heres) was a title of princes of Galicia and Volhynia, granted by the Pope.
The Kingdom of Bosnia (Bosansko Kraljevstvo) was a South Slavic medieval Kingdom that evolved from the Banate of Bosnia (1154–1377).
The Kingdom of Hungary was a monarchy in Central Europe that existed from the Middle Ages into the twentieth century (1000–1946 with the exception of 1918–1920).
In the Late Middle Ages, the Kingdom of Hungary, a country in Central Europe, experienced a period of interregnum in the early 14th century.
The Kingdom of Naples (Regnum Neapolitanum; Reino de Nápoles; Regno di Napoli) comprised that part of the Italian Peninsula south of the Papal States between 1282 and 1816.
The Kingdom of Poland (Polish: Królestwo Polskie; Latin: Regnum Poloniae) was the Polish state from the coronation of the first King Bolesław I the Brave in 1025 to the union with Lithuania and the rule of the Jagiellon dynasty in 1385.
This family tree of the Kings of Hungary includes only kings of Hungary and their descendants who are relevant to the succession.
This is a complete family tree of the Kings of Naples.
This is a family tree of the Kings of Poland.
Knights of the Golden Spur (Hungarian: aranysarkantyús lovag, Latin: eques auratus, or eques aureatus) were persons knighted during the ceremony of Hungarian kings' coronations.
Knin is a city in the Šibenik-Knin County of Croatia, located in the Dalmatian hinterland near the source of the river Krka, an important traffic junction on the rail and road routes between Zagreb and Split.
Košice is the largest city in eastern Slovakia and in 2013 was the European Capital of Culture (together with Marseille, France).
Fort Gúta was a fort near the town of Gúta (modern day Kolárovo) in what is today Slovakia.
Konrad Wirtinger von Landau (died 22 April 1363), known in Italy as Conte Lando, was a German military adventurer and condottiere who was active in north and central Italy.
Koprivnica is a city in northern Croatia.
Koprivnica-Križevci County (Koprivničko-križevačka županija) is a county in northern Croatia.
The Kotromanić (Serbian Cyrillic: Котроманић, Kotromanići / Котроманићи) were members of a late medieval Bosnian noble and later royal dynasty.
Kraśnik is a town in eastern Poland with 35,602 inhabitants (2012), situated in the Lublin Voivodeship, historic Lesser Poland.
Kremenets (Крем'янець, Кременець, translit. Kremianets', Kremenets'; Krzemieniec; Kremenits) is a city of regional significance in the Ternopil Oblast (province) of western Ukraine.
Krka National Park (Nacionalni park Krka) is one of the Croatian national parks, named after the river Krka (ancient Greek: Kyrikos) that it encloses.
Krystyna Rokiczana (after 1365) was the wife of Casimir III the Great, of Poland.
Krzepice (Krippitz) is a Polish town near Częstochowa, in Kłobuck County, Silesian Voivodeship, in northwestern corner of Lesser Poland.
Lack from the kindred Hermán (Hermán nembeli Lack), also known as Lack of Kerekegyháza (Kerekegyházi Lack; died 1359) was an influential Hungarian nobleman, who served as Count of the Székelys from 1328 to 1343.
Ladislaus (I) Losonci (Losonci (I.) László; died January–February 1392) was a Hungarian powerful baron, who served as Count of the Székelys from 1373 to 1376, and Voivode of Transylvania from 1376 to 1385 and from 1386 until his death.
Ladislaus I or Ladislas I, also Saint Ladislaus or Saint Ladislas (I or Szent László; Ladislav I.; Svätý Ladislav I; Władysław I Święty; 1040 – 29 July 1095) was King of Hungary from 1077 and King of Croatia from 1091.
Ladislaus Kórógyi (Kórógyi László) was bishop of Pécs in the Kingdom of Hungary from 1314 to his death in 1345.
Ladislaus the Magnanimous (Ladislao il Magnanimo di Napoli; Nápolyi László; 15 February 1377 – 6 August 1414) was King of Naples and titular King of Jerusalem and Sicily, titular Count of Provence and Forcalquier (1386–1414), and titular King of Hungary and Croatia (1390–1414).
Laetentur Caeli: Bulla Unionis GraecorumPope Eugenius IV.
Lațcu was Voivode of Moldavia from c. 1367 to c. 1375.
Lajos is a Hungarian masculine given name, it is a cognate of the English Louis and may refer to: Hungarian monarchs.
Louis I of Hungary (1326–1382) was King of Hungary and Croatia from 1342 and King of Poland from 1370.
The Late Middle Ages or Late Medieval Period was the period of European history lasting from 1250 to 1500 AD.
Prince Lazar Hrebeljanović (Лазар Хребељановић; ca. 1329 – 15 June 1389) was a medieval Serbian ruler who created the largest and most powerful state on the territory of the disintegrated Serbian Empire.
Legnava is a village and municipality in the Stará Ľubovňa District, Prešov Region in northern Slovakia.
Lehel (Lél; died 955), a member of the Árpád dynasty, was a Magyar chieftain and, together with Bulcsú, one of the most important figures of the Hungarian invasions of Europe.
Lesser Poland (Polish: Małopolska, Latin: Polonia Minor) is a historical region (dzielnica) of Poland; its capital is the city of Kraków.
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Most of the members of the Capetian dynasty bore a version of the arms of France.
This is a list of the cities proclaimed free royal cities in Croatia's history.
This is an incomplete list of manuscripts written in the Glagolitic script.
This is a list of the queens consorts of Hungary, the consorts of the kings of Hungary.
This is a List of Hungarian monarchs, which includes the grand princes (895–1000) and the kings and ruling queens of Hungary (1000–1918).
This is a list of Hungarians notable within Hungary and/or abroad.
The consort (or spouse) of the royal rulers of Lithuania and of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth was in all cases a woman and nearly all took the title of Grand Duchess.
This list of oldest heraldry aims to include the oldest documented, non-attributed heraldic achievements for individuals, families, locations or institutions.
This is a list of palatines of Hungary.
This is a list of people known as "the Great".
This is a list of people on stamps of Hungary.
The Polish royal consorts were the spouses of the reigning monarchs of the Kingdom of Poland.
Poland was ruled at various times either by dukes (the 10th–14th century) or by kings (the 11th-18th century).
The details of the arrival of the Croats are scarcely documented: c.626, Croats migrate from White Croatia (around what is now Galicia) at the invitation of Eastern Roman Emperor Heraclius.
List of rulers of Halychyna and its sister principality Volhynia.
This is a List of rulers of Moldavia, from the first mention of the medieval polity east of the Carpathians and until its disestablishment in 1862, when it united with Wallachia, the other Danubian Principality, to form the modern-day state of Romania.
A monarch is the person who heads a monarchy, normally ruling for life, or until abdication or deposition.
The following is an incomplete list of wars fought by Croatia, by Croatian people or regular armies during periods when independent Croatian states existed, from antiquity to the present day.
This is a list of military conflicts in which Hungarian armed forces participated in or took place on the historical territory of Hungary.
Demetrius of Liubar or Liubartas (also Lubart, Lubko, Lubardus, baptized Dmitry; died) was Prince of Lutsk and Liubar (Volhynia) (1323–1383), Prince of Zhytomyr (1363–1374), Grand Prince of Volhynia (1340–1383), Grand Prince of Galicia and Volhynia (1340–1349).
Lodovico della Torre (died July 30, 1365) was Patriarch of Aquileia from 1359 until 1365.
Louis is the French form of the Old Frankish given name Chlodowig (Modern German: Ludwig) and one of two English forms, the other being Lewis.
Louis I may refer to.
Louis I (Italian: Luigi, Aloisio or "Ludovico"; 1320 – 26 May 1362), also known as Louis of Taranto, was a member of the Capetian House of Anjou who reigned as King of Naples, Count of Provence and Forcalquier, and Prince of Taranto.
Louis I of Orléans (13 March 1372 – 23 November 1407) was Duke of Orléans from 1392 to his death.
Louis of Anjou may refer to.
Saint Louis of Toulouse (9 February 1274 – 19 August 1297) was a Neapolitan prince of the Capetian House of Anjou and a Catholic bishop.
Louis of Durazzo (1324 – 22 July 1362) was Count of Gravina and Morrone.
Louis the Child (Ludovico or Luigi; 4 February 1338 – 16 October 1355) was King of Sicily (also known as "Trinacria") from 15 September 1342 until his death.
Lviv (Львів; Львов; Lwów; Lemberg; Leopolis; see also other names) is the largest city in western Ukraine and the seventh-largest city in the country overall, with a population of around 728,350 as of 2016.
Malatesta II (or III) Malatesta, best known as Guastafamiglia (Italian: "the Ruiner of the Family", c. 1299 – 18 August 1364) was an Italian condottiero and lord of Rimini.
Ungaro Malatesta (June 1327 – July 1372), born Galeotto Malatesta, was an Italian condottiero and lord of Jesi.
Margaret Himfi de Döbrönte (döbröntei Himfi Margit; died after 1408) was a Hungarian noblewoman at the turn of the 14th and 15th centuries, who was abducted and enslaved by Ottoman marauders.
Margaret of Bohemia (24 May 1335 – 1349, before October), also known as Margaret of Luxembourg, was a Queen consort of Hungary by her marriage to Louis I of Hungary.
Margaret of Durazzo (Margherita di Durazzo 28 July 1347 – 6 August 1412) was Queen of Naples and Hungary and Princess of Achaea as the spouse of Charles III of Naples.
Marghita (Margitta; מארגארעטין Margaretin) is a city in Bihor County, Romania.
Maria of Bosnia (Maria von Bosnien; Bosnian:Марија, Marija; 27 April 1403) was a member of the House of Kotromanić who married into the House of Helfenstein.
Maria of Calabria (6 May 1329 – 20 May 1366) was a Neapolitan princess of the Capetian House of Anjou whose descendants inherited the crown of Naples following the death of her older sister, Queen Joanna I.
Marianka is a village and municipality in western Slovakia in Malacky District in the Bratislava region, in the foothills of the Little Carpathians.
Mariazell is a small city in Austria, in Styria, well known for winter sports, N. of Graz.
Mariazell Basilica, also known as Basilica Mariä Geburt (Basilica of the Birth of the Virgin Mary), is a Marian basilica in Mariazell, Austria.
Marie of Bourbon (c. 1315–1387) was the Empress consort of Robert of Taranto, titular Latin Emperor of Constantinople.
Marquard of Randeck (or of Randelle; Italian: Marquardo di Randeck; 1296 - 3 January 1381) was Patriarch of Aquileia from 1365 until his death.
Mary, also known as Maria (137117 May 1395), reigned as Queen of Hungary and Croatia between 1382 and 1385, and from 1386 until her death.
The Master of the doorkeepers (királyi (fő)ajtónállómester, Janitourm regalium magister, Königlicher Oberst-Türhüter) was a high-ranking official in the Kingdom of Hungary from the beginning of the 11th century to 1945.
Međimurje County (Međimurska županija) is a triangle-shaped county in the northernmost part of Croatia, roughly corresponding to the historical and geographical region of Međimurje.
The Medieval Royal Palace of Buda Castle is a series of rooms from the old palace of the Hungarian kings, destroyed after 1686.
The Medveczky family was a Hungarian aristocratic family living mostly in Upper Hungary (present day Slovakia) and Hungary.
Mezőtúr is a town in Hungary, in the county of Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok, 88 miles southeast of Budapest by rail.
Michael Szécsényi (Szécsényi Mihály; 1317–1377), was a Hungarian prelate in the 14th century, who served as Bishop of Vác from 1342 to 1362, then Bishop of Eger from 1362 (or 1363) until his death.
Mieszko of Bytom (b. ca. 1305 – d. bef. 9 August 1344), was a Duke of Siewierz during 1312–1328 (from 1315 only formally), Bishop of Nitra during 1328–1334 and Bishop of Veszprém since 1334 until his death.
Miklós Sirokay de Siroka (Sirokay Miklós), in Romania known as Nicolae Sirokai (? - 1355/58) was a voivode of Transylvania under the King of Hungary.
Miklós Toldi (c. 1320 – November 22, 1390) was a Hungarian nobleman from Bihar County of the Kingdom of Hungary, who is remembered as a legendary strong hero in Hungarian folklore.
Mikołaj of Kórnik (died 1382), was bishop of Poznań from 1375-1382.
Miskolc (Slovak/Czech: Miškovec, German: Mischkolz, Romanian: Mișcolț, מישקאָלץ Mishkoltz) is a city in northeastern Hungary, known for its heavy industry.
Miskolc Zoo is a zoo in Miskolc, Hungary.
Mladen III Šubić (Mladen III.) (1315 – Trogir, 1 May 1348) was a member of the Croatian Šubić noble family, who ruled from Klis Fortress.
Cathedral. Mola di Bari, commonly referred to simply as Mola (Barese: Màule), is a town and comune of the Metropolitan City of Bari, in the region of Apulia, in Southern Italy, on the Adriatic Sea.
Moldavia (Moldova, or Țara Moldovei (in Romanian Latin alphabet), Цара Мѡлдовєй (in old Romanian Cyrillic alphabet) is a historical region and former principality in Central and Eastern Europe, corresponding to the territory between the Eastern Carpathians and the Dniester River. An initially independent and later autonomous state, it existed from the 14th century to 1859, when it united with Wallachia (Țara Românească) as the basis of the modern Romanian state; at various times, Moldavia included the regions of Bessarabia (with the Budjak), all of Bukovina and Hertza. The region of Pokuttya was also part of it for a period of time. The western half of Moldavia is now part of Romania, the eastern side belongs to the Republic of Moldova, and the northern and southeastern parts are territories of Ukraine.
The Monastery of St.
Moravian Serbia (Моравска Србија / Moravska Srbija) is the name used in historiography for the largest and most powerful Serbian principality to emerge from the ruins of the Serbian Empire (1371).
Nałęcz is a Polish coat of arms.
Nagy is the most common Hungarian surname, meaning "great".
Naples (Napoli, Napule or; Neapolis; lit) is the regional capital of Campania and the third-largest municipality in Italy after Rome and Milan.
The Neapolitan campaigns of Louis the Great, also called the Neapolitan Adventure (Nápolyi kaland in Hungarian), was a war between the Kingdom of Hungary, led by Louis the Great, and the Kingdom of Naples.
Nervesa della Battaglia is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Treviso in the Italian region Veneto, located about north of Venice and about north of Treviso.
Niccolò Acciaioli or Acciaiuoli (1310 – 8 November 1365) was an Italian noble, a member of the Florentine banking family of the Acciaioli.
Nicholas Alexander (Nicolae Alexandru) was a Voivode of Wallachia (c. 1352 – November 1364), after having been co-ruler to his father Basarab I. In the year 1359, he founded the Eastern Orthodox Metropolis of Ungro-Wallachia.
Nicholas Dörögdi (Dörögdi Miklós; died 1361) was a Hungarian prelate in the first half of the 14th century.
Nicholas I Garai (Garai I Miklós, Nikola I Gorjanski) (c. 132525 July 1386) was a most influential officeholder under king Louis I and queen Mary of Hungary.
Nicholas II Garai (Garai II Miklós, Nikola II Gorjanski; c. 1367 – December 1433) was a powerful Hungarian baron, who served as the Palatine of Hungary from 1402 until 1433 and the ban of Macsó, Usora, Só, Slavonia, Croatia and Dalmatia.
Nicholas Kont of Orahovica (Orahovički, raholcai Kont Miklós; *? - † before April 16, 1367) was a Croato-Hungarian nobleman, very powerful and influential in the royal court of king Louis the Angevin, serving as Count palatine.
Nicholas Ludbregi (Ludbregi Miklós; 1290s – 1357) was a Hungarian noble, landowner and soldier in Slavonia in the first half of the 14th century.
Nicholas Neszmélyi de Poroszló (died 25 July 1360) was bishop of Pécs in the Kingdom of Hungary from 30 March 1346 to 26 March 1360, not long before his death.
Nicholas of Ilok (Bosnian and Croatian: Nikola Iločki, Hungarian: Újlaki Miklós; 1410–1477) was Ban of Croatia, Slavonia, Dalmatia and Macsó, Voivode of Transylvania and titular King of Bosnia from 1471 until his death.
Nicholas (I) Sáfár de Csév (csévi Sáfár (I) Miklós; died after 1384) was a Hungarian nobleman who held secular positions during the reign of Louis I of Hungary.
Nicholas Szécsi de Felsőlendva (Széchy; Miklós Szécsi; c. 1320 – c. June or July 1387) was a Hungarian nobleman from the influential House of Szécsi.
Nicholas (VII) from the kindred Hahót (Hahót nembeli (VII.) Miklós; died 1359) was a Hungarian baron and soldier, who served as Ban of Slavonia from 1343 to 1346 and from 1353 to 1356; and Ban of Croatia from 1345 to 1346 and from 1353 to 1356.
Nicolaus of Luxemburg (1322 – 30 July 1358) was Patriarch of Aquileia from 1350 until 1358.
Nikola Altomanović (Никола Алтомановић) was a 14th-century Serbian župan of the House of Vojinović.
Northern Maramuresh is a geographic-historical region comprising roughly the eastern half of the Zakarpattia Oblast in southwestern Ukraine, near the border with Romania.
The Nowy Sącz Royal Castle is a mediaeval castle in the city of Nowy Sącz in Poland.
The Order of St George, Szent György Vitézei Lovagrend, was the first secular chivalric order in the world and was established by King Charles I of Hungary in 1326.
The surname Ossowski (singular masculine), Ossowska (singular feminine), or Ossowscy (plural) (also Osowski / Osowska / Osowscy) belongs to a Polish noble family.
Ostrovica Fortress (Tvrđava Ostrovica) is a ruined medieval fortification on a solid rock jutting from the top of the hill above the village of Ostrovica in Zadar County, Croatia.
The Ottoman–Hungarian Wars were a series of battles between the Ottoman Empire and the medieval Kingdom of Hungary.
Pag (Pago, Baag) is the largest town on the island of Pag, with a population of 2,849 (2011) in the urban core and 3,846 in the entire municipality.
The medieval Palace Chapel (Várkápolna; formerly Alamizsnás Szent János-kápolna) in Buda Castle was built in the 15th century by King Sigismund as the lower chapel of the former Castle Church.
Palman (Serbian Cyrillic: Палман, Palmanus; fl. 1310-1363) was a German noble (dominus), knight, and mercenary commander of the Alemannic Guard in the Serbian Imperial army of one of the most prolific European rulers of its time, Dušan the Mighty (r.1331–1355).
Paul Horvat (Pavao Horvat; Pál Horváti) was the 28th bishop of Zagreb.
Pécs (known by alternative names) is the fifth largest city of Hungary, located on the slopes of the Mecsek mountains in the south-west of the country, close to its border with Croatia.
A personal union is the combination of two or more states that have the same monarch while their boundaries, laws, and interests remain distinct.
Peter I of Cyprus or Pierre I de Lusignan (9 October 1328 – 17 January 1369) was King of Cyprus and titular King of Jerusalem from his father's abdication on 24 November 1358 until his own death in 1369.
Peter Siklósi (Siklósi Péter, Petar Sikloši/Петар Сиклоши; died on 3 January 1379) was a Hungarian bishop.
The Piast dynasty was the first historical ruling dynasty of Poland.
Pieštvė (also known as Beisten, Bisten, Pistene, Pista, Pestwa, etc. in medieval chronicles) was a wooden fortress of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania during the Lithuanian Crusade.
Pieskowa Skała (Polish for Little Dog's Rock), is a limestone cliff in the valley of river Prądnik, Poland, best known for its Renaissance castle.
Piotr of Klecia also known as Peter Ivanovich, or Peter of Goraj, was a 14th-century knight and courtisan in Poland.
The only surviving original piece of the Polish Crown Jewels from the time of the Piast dynasty is the ceremonial sword – Szczerbiec.
Pomerania during the Late Middle Ages covers the history of Pomerania in the 14th and 15th centuries.
Pomerania-Stolp ((Teil-)Herzogtum Pommern-Stolp, księstwo słupskie, "Duchy of Słupsk") was one of the partitions of the Duchy of Pomerania (Herzogtum Pommern).
Clement VI (Clemens VI; 1291 – 6 December 1352), born Pierre Roger, was Pope from 7 May 1342 to his death in 1352.
The Royal-Imperial Route in Poznań (Trakt Królewsko-Cesarski w Poznaniu, Route der Könige und Kaiser) is a tourist walk running through the most important parts of the city and presenting the history, culture and identity of Poznań.
Marko Mrnjavčević (Марко Мрњавчевић,; – 17 May 1395) was the de jure Serbian king from 1371 to 1395, while he was the de facto ruler of territory in western Macedonia centered on the town of Prilep.
The Privilege of Buda (also known as the Treaty of Buda) was a set of promises and concessions made to ensure that Louis I of Hungary would succeed to his uncle Casimir III's Polish throne, thus enabling the union of Hungary and Poland.
The Privilege of Koszyce or Privilege of Kassa was a set of concessions made by Louis I of Hungary to the Polish szlachta (nobility) in 1374.
The Privilegium pro Slavis ("Privilege for the Slavs") is a privilege granted to the Slovaks in Žilina (Sillein; Zsolna), Kingdom of Hungary, by the King Louis I during his visit there in 1381.
Przemysław I Noszak (Przemysław I Noszak, Přemyslav I. Nošák, Przemislaus I. von Teschen; 1332/1336 – 23 May 1410), was a Duke of Cieszyn-Bytom-Siewierz from 1358 (during 1359–1368 he lost Siewierz and in 1405 also lost Bytom), from 1384 ruler over half of both Głogów and Ścinawa (except during 1404–1406) and since 1401 ruler over Toszek.
Budapest is the capital of Hungary.
Punik from the kindred Gárdony (Gárdony nembeli Punik; died after 1333) was a Hungarian noble and landowner in Slavonia in the first half of the 14th century, who served as ispán of Zagreb County from 1326 to 1327.
Qingbai ware (青白 qīngbái „green-white“, formerly "Ch'ing-pai" etc.) is a type of Chinese porcelain produced under the Song Dynasty and Yuan dynasty, defined by the ceramic glaze used.
Rab (Arba, Arbe, Arbey) is an island in Croatia and a town of the same name located just off the northern Croatian coast in the Adriatic Sea.
Radu I was a Voivode of Wallachia, (c. 1377 – c. 1383).
Rapska fjera is a historical reenactment and festival on the island of Rab in Croatia, in which the people of the island present their history for tourists.
Rastislalić (Растислалић) was a Serbian noble family that held lands in the Braničevo region of Serbia in the 14th century, initially under the Serbian crown and later under the Hungarian.
Rábaszentmiklós is a village in Hungary, in the Győr-Moson-Sopron county.
Reca (Réte) is a village and municipality in western Slovakia in Senec District in the Bratislava Region.
The Republic of Ragusa was a maritime republic centered on the city of Dubrovnik (Ragusa in Italian, German and Latin; Raguse in French) in Dalmatia (today in southernmost Croatia) that carried that name from 1358 until 1808.
The Revolt of Saint Titus (Eπανάσταση του Αγίου Τίτου) was a fourteenth-century rebellion against the Republic of Venice in the Venetian colony of Crete.
The foundation and rise of the Ottoman Empire is a period of history that started with the emergence of the Ottoman principality in, and ended with the conquest of Constantinople on May 29, 1453.
Robert of Durazzo (1326 – 19 September 1356, Poitiers) was the third son of John, Duke of Durazzo and Agnes de Périgord.
Robert of Anjou (Roberto d'Angiò), known as Robert the Wise (Roberto il Saggio; 1275 – 20 January 1343), was King of Naples, titular King of Jerusalem and Count of Provence and Forcalquier from 1309 to 1343, the central figure of Italian politics of his time.
Roland (I) from the kindred Rátót (Rátót nembeli (I.) Roland; died 1277 or 1278) was a Hungarian influential lord, who held several important secular positions for decades.
The Roman Catholic diocese of Vác, (Dioecesis Vaciensis) is a diocese of the Latin Rite of the Roman Catholic church in Hungary.
The Middle Ages in Romania began with the withdrawal of the Mongols, the last of the migrating populations to invade the territory of modern Romania, after their attack of 1241–1242.
The Royal Castle in Poznań (Zamek Królewski w Poznaniu) dates from 1249 and the reign of Przemysł I. Located in the Polish city of Poznań, it was largely destroyed during the Second World War but has since been partly rebuilt.
Royal elections in Poland (wolna elekcja, lit. free election) was the election of individual kings, rather than of dynasties, to the Polish throne.
The royal treasurer, or simply treasurer, also royal purse-bearer (kincstartó; thesaurarius), was an official in the Hungarian royal court, existed around from the 1320s to the 16th century.
Rymanów (Rimanovia or Rimanoa) is a town of 3,585 inhabitants in Poland's Subcarpathian Voivodeship.
An episode from the Legend of Saint Ladislaus provided the subjects for numerous murals painted in medieval churches in Hungary during the 14th to 16th century.
The Sankt Florian Psalter or Saint Florian Psalter (Psalterium florianense or Psalterium trilingue, Florianer Psalter or Florianspsalter, Psałterz floriański or Psałterz św.) is a brightly illuminated trilingual manuscript psalter, written between late 14th and early 15th centuries in Latin, Polish and German.
The Sanocko-Turczańskie Mountains are a mountain range in the Eastern Carpathians, which are separated by the Polish-Ukrainian border.
Sas was, according to the Slavo-Romanian chronicles, the second voivode of Moldavia (c. 1353/1360–c. 1357/1364).
The Savoyard crusade (1366–67) was born out of the same planning that led to the Alexandrian Crusade.
The Sáfár de Csév (csévi Sáfár) was a Hungarian noble family from the early 14th century until the middle of the 15th century.
Săcele (German: Siebendörfer; Hungarian: Négyfalu, between 1950 and 2001 Szecseleváros) is a city in Brașov County, Romania, in the region of Transylvania, with a population of 29,915 inhabitants in 2002.
Săliștea (Tschorren; Alsócsóra), known as Cioara until 1965, is a commune located in Alba county, Romania.
Schloss Esterházy is a palace in Eisenstadt, Austria, the capital of the Burgenland state.
There was a conflict between two powerful sides of the Serbian nobility, one supporting magnate Nikola Altomanović, and one supporting the Mrnjavčević family in Macedonia.
The Siege of Zadar (12 August 1345 – 21 December 1346) was a successful attempt of the Republic of Venice to capture Zadar (or Zara), a Croatian coastal city in northern Dalmatia.
Siemowit IV (Ziemowit IV), also known as Siemowit IV the Younger (pl: Siemowit IV Młodszy; ca. 1353/1356 – 21 January 1426), was a Polish prince member of the House of Piast from the Masovian branch, from 1373/74 Duke of Rawa, and after the division of the paternal inheritance between him and his brother in 1381, ruler over Rawa, Płock, Sochaczew, Gostynin, Płońsk and Wizna, since 1386 hereditary Polish vassal, since 1388 ruler over Belz, during 1382–1401 he lost Wizna and during 1384–1399 and 1407–1411 he lost Zawkrze, during 1384–1399 he lost Płońsk, taken by the Teutonic Order.
Sigismund of Luxembourg (15 February 1368 in Nuremberg – 9 December 1437 in Znaim, Moravia) was Prince-elector of Brandenburg from 1378 until 1388 and from 1411 until 1415, King of Hungary and Croatia from 1387, King of Germany from 1411, King of Bohemia from 1419, King of Italy from 1431, and Holy Roman Emperor for four years from 1433 until 1437, the last male member of the House of Luxembourg.
Simon Szécsényi (Szécsényi Simon; died c. 29 January 1412), was a Hungarian powerful baron and military leader, who was a staunch supporter of King Sigismund of Luxembourg since the 1380s.
Skalica (Skalitz, Szakolca, Latin: Sakolcium) is the largest town in Skalica District in western Slovakia in the Záhorie region.
Skelivka is a village in Lviv Oblast, Staryi Sambir Raion, Ukraine on the Strwiąż River.
Slovenská Ľupča is the largest village in the Banská Bystrica District of central Slovakia.
Spišská Nová Ves (is a town in the Košice Region of Slovakia. The town is located southeast of the High Tatras in the Spiš region, and lies on both banks of the Hornád River. It is the biggest town of the Spišská Nová Ves District (okres). the population was 38,357. Tourist attractions nearby include the medieval town of Levoča, Spiš Castle and the Slovak Paradise National Park. A biennial music festival, Divertimento musicale, is held here, attracting amateur music ensembles from all over Slovakia.
St Charles Borromeo Seminary (Kňazský seminár sv.) is the Roman Catholic Major Seminary of the Archdiocese of Košice in Košice, Slovakia.
The Cathedral of St Elisabeth (Slovak: Dóm svätej Alžbety; Hungarian: Szent Erzsébet-székesegyház, German: Dom der heiligen Elisabeth) is a Gothic cathedral in Košice.
St Patrick's Purgatory is an ancient pilgrimage site on Station Island in Lough Derg, County Donegal, Ireland.
Stari Bar (Montenegrin Cyrillic: Стари Бар, Antivari Vecchia, Tivar i Vjetër), meaning Old Bar, is a small town in Montenegro.
Stećak (plural: Stećci, Стећци) is the name for monumental medieval tombstones that lie scattered across Bosnia and Herzegovina, and the border parts of Croatia, Montenegro and Serbia.
Stefan Uroš IV Dušan (Стефан Урош IV Душан), known as Dušan the Mighty (Душан Силни/Dušan Silni; 1308 – 20 December 1355), was the King of Serbia from 8 September 1331 and Emperor of the Serbs and Greeks from 16 April 1346 until his death.
Stephen (I) Báncsa (Báncsa (I.) István, Stephanus de Bancha; died July 9, 1270) was the first Hungarian cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church.
Stephen II (Stjepan/Stefan, Стефан/Стјепан) was the Bosnian Ban from 1314, but in reality from 1322 to 1353 together with his brother, Vladislav Kotromanić in 1326–1353.
Stephen (István; 20 August 1332 – 9 August 1354) was a Hungarian royal prince of the Capetian House of Anjou.
Stephen V (V., Stjepan V., Štefan V; before 18 October 1239 – 6 August 1272, Csepel Island) was King of Hungary and Croatia between 1270 and 1272, and Duke of Styria from 1258 to 1260.
Stibor of Stiboricz of Ostoja (also written in English as Scibor or Czibor; Ścibor ze Ściborzyc, Stiborici Stibor, Știbor de Știborici, Stibor zo Stiboríc; c. 1348 – February 1414) was an aristocrat of Polish origin in the Kingdom of Hungary.
The Syrmia County was an administrative division of the Kingdom of Hungary in the Middle Ages.
The city of Székesfehérvár, known colloquially as Fehérvár ("white castle") (located in central Hungary, is the ninth largest city of the country; regional capital of Central Transdanubia; and the centre of Fejér county and Székesfehérvár District. The area is an important rail and road junction between Lake Balaton and Lake Velence. Székesfehérvár, a royal residence (székhely), as capital of the Kingdom of Hungary, held a central role in the Middle Ages. As required by the Doctrine of the Holy Crown, the first kings of Hungary were crowned and buried here. Significant trade routes led to the Balkans and Italy, and to Buda and Vienna. Historically the city has come under Turkish, German and Russian control and the city is known by translations of "white castle" in these languages: (Stuhlweißenburg; Столни Београд; İstolni Belgrad).
The Basilica of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary was a basilica in Székesfehérvár, (in Latin: Alba Regia) Hungary.
Szczerbiec is the coronation sword that was used in crowning ceremonies of most Polish monarchs from 1320 to 1764.
Szeged (see also other alternative names) is the third largest city of Hungary, the largest city and regional centre of the Southern Great Plain and the county seat of Csongrád county.
The szlachta (exonym: Nobility) was a legally privileged noble class in the Kingdom of Poland, Grand Duchy of Lithuania, Ruthenia, Samogitia (both after Union of Lublin became a single state, the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth) and the Zaporozhian Host.
The privileges of the szlachta (Poland's nobility) formed a cornerstone of "Golden Liberty" in the Kingdom of Poland and, later, in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.
The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Brindisi in the Apulia region of Italy.
This is a timeline of Croatian history, comprising important legal and territorial changes and political events in Croatia and its predecessor states.
This is a timeline of Polish history, comprising important legal and territorial changes and political events in Poland and its predecessor states.
The Toldi trilogy is an epic poem trilogy written by the Hungarian poet János Arany.
Tomislavgrad, also known by its former name Duvno, is a town and municipality located in Canton 10 of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Tourism is a major industry in Croatia.
The Transylvanian peasant revolt (erdélyi parasztfelkelés), also known as the peasant revolt of Bábolna or Bobâlna revolt (Răscoala de la Bobâlna), was a popular revolt in the eastern territories of the Kingdom of Hungary in 1437.
The name Transylvanian rug is used as a term of convenience to denote a cultural heritage of 15th–17th century Islamic rugs, mainly of Ottoman origin, which have been preserved in Transylvanian churches.
The Treaty of Trentschin was concluded on 24 August 1335 between King Casimir III of Poland and King John of Bohemia as well as his son Margrave Charles IV.
The Treaty of Zadar, also known as the Treaty of Zara, was a peace treaty signed in Zadar, Dalmatia on February 18, 1358 by which the Venetian Republic lost influence over its Dalmatian holdings.
Trnava (also known by other alternative names) is a city in western Slovakia, to the north-east of Bratislava, on the Trnávka river.
Trpanj (Trappano), is a town and municipality of Dubrovnik-Neretva County in south-eastern Croatia.
Trstená (Trsztena or Árvanádasd; Trzciana; Middle German: Bingenstadt) is a town in Tvrdošín District, Žilina Region, central Slovakia.
Turda (Thorenburg; Torda; Potaissa) is a city and Municipality in Cluj County, Romania, situated on the Arieș River.
Stephen Tvrtko I (Stjepan/Stefan Tvrtko, Стефан/Стјепан Твртко; 1338 – 10 March 1391) was the first King of Bosnia.
The Union of Aix, founded in 1382, was a confederation of cities of Provence.
The personal union between the Kingdom of Hungary and the Kingdom of Poland was achieved twice: under Louis I of Hungary in 1370–1382 and under Vladislaus III of Poland in 1440–1444.
In a strict sense, the Union of Krewo or "Act of Krėva" (also spelled "Union of Krevo", "Act of Kreva"; Krėvos sutartis) was a set of prenuptial promises made in the Kreva Castle on 14 August 1385 by Jogaila, Grand Duke of Lithuania, in exchange for marriage to the underage reigning Queen Jadwiga of Poland.
Universitas Valachorum (Estate of the Vlachs) is the Latin denomination for an Estate, an institution of self-government of the Romanians in medieval Transylvania, which then belonged to the Kingdom of Hungary.
The University of Pécs (PTE; Hungarian: Pécsi Tudományegyetem) is the first university in Hungary and one of the major higher education institutes of the country, with 10 faculties, 32 clinics and a winery research facility.
The upper nobility (főnemesség, barones) was the highest stratum of the temporal society in the Kingdom of Hungary until 1946 when the Parliament passed an act that prohibited the use of noble titles, following the declaration of the Republic of Hungary.
In classical heraldry, vert is the name of the tincture roughly equivalent to the colour "green".
Visegrád is a small castle town in Pest County, Hungary.
The Vizsla is a dog breed originating in Hungary, which belongs under the FCI group 7 (Pointer group).
The term Vlachs (Vlasi) was initially used in medieval Croatian and Venetian history for a Romance-speaking pastoralist community, called "Vlachs" and "Morlachs", inhabiting the mountains and lands of the Croatian Kingdom and the Republic of Venice (Venetian Dalmatia) from the early 14th century.
Vladislaus II of Opole (Władysław Opolczyk, Wladislaus von Oppeln, Oppelni László, Владислав Опольчик) (ca. 1332 – 18 May 1401) was a Duke of Opole from 1356 (as a Bohemian vassal), Count palatine of Hungary during 1367–1372, ruler over Lubliniec since 1368, Duke of Wieluń during 1370–1392, ruler over Bolesławiec from 1370 (only for his life), Governor of Galicia–Volhynia during 1372–1378, ruler over Pszczyna during 1375–1396, Count palatine of Poland in 1378, Duke of Dobrzyń and Kujawy during 1378–1392 (as a Polish vassal), ruler over Głogówek from 1383 and ruler over Krnov during 1385–1392.
Vladislav I (Владислав I Vladhyslao I) of the Basarab dynasty, also known as Vlaicu or Vlaicu-Vodă, was Voivode of Wallachia (a part of present-day Romania) (1364 – c. 1377).
The Voivode of Transylvania (Vojwode von Siebenbürgen;Fallenbüchl 1988, p. 77. erdélyi vajda;Zsoldos 2011, p. 36. voivoda Transsylvaniae; voievodul Transilvaniei) was the highest-ranking official in Transylvania within the Kingdom of Hungary from the 12th century to the 16th century.
Vojinović (Serbian Cyrillic: Војиновић, Vojinovići / Војиновићи) was a medieval Serbian noble family which during the 14th century played an important role in the Serbian Empire, especially after the death of Emperor Dušan (King 1331–1346, emperor 1346–1355), when during the Fall of the Serbian Empire its representative Grand Dukes Vojislav Vojinović (around 1355–1363), and later his cousin Nikola Altomanović (1366–1373) were the strongest district masters in medieval Serbia.
Vuk (died after 1378) was the Ban of Bosnia from 1366 until 1367, a member of the Kotromanić dynasty that ruled the Banate of Bosnia since the turn of the 14th century.
Wallachia or Walachia (Țara Românească; archaic: Țeara Rumânească, Romanian Cyrillic alphabet: Цѣра Рȣмѫнѣскъ) is a historical and geographical region of Romania.
The War of Chioggia (Guerra di Chioggia) was a conflict between Genoa and Venice which lasted from 1378 to 1381, from which Venice emerged triumphant.
Warfare in Medieval Poland covers the military history of Poland during the Piast and Jagiellon dynasties (10th–16th centuries).
The Wass family (also known as czegei Wass or cegei Wass) is one of the oldest Hungarian noble families in Transylvania (today part of Romania); their lineage can be traced without interruption from the beginning of the 14th century.
The Wawel Castle is a castle residency located in central Kraków, Poland.
The waxworks museum of the Castle of Diósgyőr is a waxworks museum, one of the largest ones in Central Europe.
Jogaila (later Władysław II JagiełłoHe is known under a number of names: Jogaila Algirdaitis; Władysław II Jagiełło; Jahajła (Ягайла). See also: Names and titles of Władysław II Jagiełło. (c. 1352/1362 – 1 June 1434) was the Grand Duke of Lithuania (1377–1434) and then the King of Poland (1386–1434), first alongside his wife Jadwiga until 1399, and then sole King of Poland. He ruled in Lithuania from 1377. Born a pagan, in 1386 he converted to Catholicism and was baptized as Władysław in Kraków, married the young Queen Jadwiga, and was crowned King of Poland as Władysław II Jagiełło. In 1387 he converted Lithuania to Christianity. His own reign in Poland started in 1399, upon the death of Queen Jadwiga, and lasted a further thirty-five years and laid the foundation for the centuries-long Polish–Lithuanian union. He was a member of the Jagiellonian dynasty in Poland that bears his name and was previously also known as the Gediminid dynasty in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. The dynasty ruled both states until 1572,Anna Jagiellon, the last member of royal Jagiellon family, died in 1596. and became one of the most influential dynasties in late medieval and early modern Central and Eastern Europe. During his reign, the Polish-Lithuanian state was the largest state in the Christian world. Jogaila was the last pagan ruler of medieval Lithuania. After he became King of Poland, as a result of the Union of Krewo, the newly formed Polish-Lithuanian union confronted the growing power of the Teutonic Knights. The allied victory at the Battle of Grunwald in 1410, followed by the Peace of Thorn, secured the Polish and Lithuanian borders and marked the emergence of the Polish–Lithuanian alliance as a significant force in Europe. The reign of Władysław II Jagiełło extended Polish frontiers and is often considered the beginning of Poland's Golden Age.
Władysław (Włodko) the White or Władysław of Gniewkowo (Władysław (Włodko) Biały (Gniewkowski); ca. 1327/1333 – 29 February 1388), was a Polish prince member of the House of Piast, Duke of Gniewkowo during 1347/1350–1363/1364 (his final and official resignation was in 1377) and last male representative of the Kujavian line.
Werner von Urslingen (called in Italian: Guarnieri d'Urslingen or Duca Guarnieri; c. 1308 – 1354) was a mercenary of German-speaking origins in the Holy Roman Empire.
Wieluń (Welun) is a city in central Poland with 22,973 inhabitants (2016).
William of Koppenbach (died 1374) was bishop of Pécs in the Kingdom of Hungary from 1361 to his death in 1374.
William (– 15 July 1406), known as William the Courteous (der Freundliche), a member of the House of Habsburg, was Duke of Austria from 1386.
Wojnicz is a town in Tarnów County, Lesser Poland Voivodeship.
Zadar (see other names) is the oldest continuously inhabited Croatian city.
Záh (Zaah or Zách) was the name of a gens (Latin for "clan"; nemzetség in Hungarian) in the Kingdom of Hungary.
Zeta (Зета) was one of the medieval polities that existed between 1356 and 1421, which territory encompassed parts of present-day Montenegro and northern Albania, ruled by the Balšić family.
Zrenjanin (Зрењанин,; Nagybecskerek; Zreňanin) is a city and the administrative center of the Central Banat District in the autonomous province of Vojvodina, Serbia.
Zrin Castle (Gradina Zrin) is a ruined castle located in the village of Zrin, south of the town of Sisak in Dvor municipality, central Croatia.
Zrinski was a Croatian-Hungarian noble family, influential during the period in history marked by the Ottoman wars in Europe in the Kingdom of Hungary and Croatia and in the later Austro-Hungarian Empire.
Zvolen (Zólyom; Altsohl) is a town in central Slovakia, situated on the confluence of Hron and Slatina rivers, close to Banská Bystrica.
Zvolen Castle (Zvolenský zámok or incorrectly Zvolenský hrad, zólyomi vár) is a medieval castle located on a hill near the center of Zvolen, in central Slovakia.
Year 1326 (MCCCXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
The 1340s were a Julian calendar decade in the 14th century, in the midst of a period in world history often referred to as the Late Middle Ages in the Old World and the pre-Columbian era in the New World.
Year 1342 (MCCCXLII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1354 (MCCCLIV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1358 (MCCCLVIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1362 (MCCCLXII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1365 (MCCCLXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1370 (MCCCLXX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1373 (MCCCLXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
The 1380s was a decade of the Julian Calendar which began on January 1, 1380, and ended on December 31, 1389.
Year 1382 (MCCCLXXXII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1384 (MCCCLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
As a means of recording the passage of time, the 14th century was the century lasting from January 1, 1301, to December 31, 1400.
King Louis I of Hungary, King Louis of Hungary, King Louis the Great of Hungary, King Luis of Poland, Lajos I of Hungary, Lajos Nagy, Lewis I of Hungary, Lewis of Hungary, Lewis the Great, Louis I (of Hungary and Poland), Louis I of Hungary and Poland, Louis I of Poland, Louis I the Great, Louis I the Great of Hungary, Louis of Hungary, Louis the Great, Louis the Great of Hungary, Ludwig of Hungary, Ludwik Wegierski, Ludwik Węgierski, Nagy Lajos.