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A Good Clean Fight is a 1993 novel by Derek Robinson, and a sequel to Piece of Cake (1983), his famous and controversial novel of the Battle of Britain.
A Jewish Girl in Shanghai is a 2010 Chinese animated family film written by Wu Lin and based on his graphic novel of the same name.
A Troubled Peace is the sequel to the historical fiction novel Under a War-Torn Sky, written by Virginia author L.M. Elliott.
A Yank in the R.A.F. is a 1941 American black-and-white war film directed by Henry King, and is considered a typical early-World War II production.
A5 and variants may refer to.
A50, the section of Rijksweg 50 that is constructed as controlled-access highway, is a north–south motorway in the Netherlands, running from Eindhoven in the province of North Brabant, northwards passing by the cities of Oss, Nijmegen, Arnhem and Apeldoorn, to its northern terminus in the province of Gelderland near the city of Zwolle.
Aachen Merzbrück Airfield (Flugplatz Aachen-Merzbrück) is an airfield located in Aachen, Germany.
Aakenustunturi is a fell in Lapland in northern Finland.
Aalborg Air Base (Flyvestation Aalborg) also Air Transport Wing Aalborg is a military airbase for the Royal Danish Air Force.
Aalborg Airport (Aalborg Lufthavn) is a dual-use (civilian/military) airport located in Nørresundby, Aalborg Municipality, Denmark, which is northwest of Aalborg.
Aberdaron is a community, electoral ward and former fishing village at the western tip of the Llŷn Peninsula (Penrhyn Llŷn) in the Welsh county of Gwynedd.
Aberglasney House and Gardens is a medieval house and gardens set in the Tywi valley in the parish of Llangathen, Carmarthenshire, West Wales.
Abraham Osheroff (October 24, 1915 – April 6, 2008)Martin, Douglas.
The Abwehr was the German military intelligence service for the Reichswehr and Wehrmacht from 1920 to 1945.
This is a partial list of accidents and incidents involving the Boeing-designed B-17 Flying Fortress.
L'as des as (The Ace of Aces; alternate English title: The Super Ace) is a 1982 French-German comedy film starring Jean-Paul Belmondo and directed by Gérard Oury.
Aces High is a famous piece of orchestral music by Ron Goodwin in a military march style for the 1969 soundtrack of the film Battle of Britain.
"Aces High" is a song by the English heavy metal band Iron Maiden, written by the band's bassist Steve Harris.
Achtung Spitfire! is a strategy computer game released by Avalon Hill in 1997.
Action in the North Atlantic (also known as Heroes Without Uniforms) is a 1943 American black-and-white war film from Warner Bros. Pictures, produced by Jerry Wald, directed by Lloyd Bacon, that stars Humphrey Bogart and Raymond Massey as sailors in the U.S. Merchant Marine during World War II.
The Action off Bastia (French: bataille navale de Pietracorbara) was a naval battle fought on 9 September 1943 off Bastia in the Mediterranean Sea.
The Action off Cape Bougaroun, or the Attack on Convoy KMF-25A was a Luftwaffe action against an Allied naval convoy off the coast of Algeria during World War II.
Adam Baworowski (born 9 August 1913 in Vienna – 1943 in Stalingrad) was an Austrian-Polish tennis player.
The Royal Small Arms Factory ADEN is a 30 mm revolver cannon used on many military aircraft, particularly those of the British Royal Air Force and Fleet Air Arm.
Adler is a Belgian comic series written and drawn by the Belgian author René Sterne (1952–2006) and colored by his wife Chantal De Spiegeleer.
Adlerhorst (Eagle's eyrie) was a World War II bunker complex in Germany, located in the rural area of Langenhain-Ziegenberg, Wiesental Wetterau and Kransberg in the Taunus mountains in the state of Hesse.
Adlertag ("Eagle Day") was the first day of Unternehmen Adlerangriff ("Operation Eagle Attack"), which was the codename of a military operation by Nazi Germany's Luftwaffe (German air force) to destroy the British Royal Air Force (RAF).
Admiral, short Adm, (en: Admiral) is the most senior flag officer rank in the German Navy.
The Admiralty Signal and Radar Establishment (ASRE) originally known as the Experimental Department and later known as the Admiralty Signal Establishment (ASE) and Admiralty Surface Weapons Establishment (ASWE) was a research organisation of the British Royal Navy established in 1917 it existed until 1959 when it was merged with the Admiralty Gunnery Establishment to form the Admiralty Surface Weapons Establishment its headquarters were located in Haslemere, Surrey, England.
Adolf Dickfeld (20 February 1910 – 17 May 2009) was a German Luftwaffe military aviator during World War II, a ace credited with 136 enemy aircraft shot down in about 1,072 combat missions.
Adolf Joseph Ferdinand Galland (19 March 1912 – 9 February 1996) was a German Luftwaffe general and flying ace who served throughout the Second World War in Europe.
Oberst Adolf Heyrowsky, 18 February 1882 – 1945, was a career officer in the Austro-Hungarian military who turned to aviation.
Adolf Hitler (20 April 1889 – 30 April 1945) was a German politician, demagogue, and revolutionary, who was the leader of the Nazi Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei; NSDAP), Chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945 and Führer ("Leader") of Nazi Germany from 1934 to 1945.
The 50th birthday of Adolf Hitler on 20 April 1939 was celebrated as a national holiday throughout Nazi Germany and other parts of the world.
Adolf Hitler's health has long been a subject of popular controversy.
Adolf Wolf (23 May 1899 – 11 March 1973) was a general in the Luftwaffe during World War II who commanded the 13.
Adolph Gysbert Malan, (24 March 1910 – 17 September 1963), better known as Sailor Malan, was a South African World War 2 fighter pilot and flying ace in the Royal Air Force who led No. 74 Squadron RAF during the Battle of Britain.
Lieutenant General Sir Adrian Paul Ghislain Carton de Wiart (5 May 1880 – 5 June 1963) was a British Army officer born of Belgian and Irish parents.
Pilot Officer Adrian Francis Laws (10 August 1912–30 September 1940) was a British RAF pilot and flying ace during the Battle of Britain.
The Adriatic Campaign of World War II was a minor naval campaign fought during World War II between the Greek, Yugoslavian and Italian navies, the Kriegsmarine, and the Mediterranean squadrons of the United Kingdom, France, and the Yugoslav Partisan naval forces.
Advanced Landing Grounds (ALGs) were temporary advance airfields constructed by the Allies during World War II during the liberation of Europe.
Allgemeine Elektricitäts-Gesellschaft AG (AEG) (German: "General electricity company") was a German producer of electrical equipment founded as the Deutsche Edison-Gesellschaft für angewandte Elektricität in 1883 in Berlin by Emil Rathenau.
The aerial bombing of cities in warfare is an optional element of strategic bombing which became widespread during World War I. The bombing of cities grew to a vast scale in World War II, and is still practiced today.
Aerial ramming or air ramming is the ramming of one aircraft with another.
Aerial reconnaissance is reconnaissance for a military or strategic purpose that is conducted using reconnaissance aircraft.
A transformational growth in air reconnaissance occurred in the years 1939-45, especially in Britain and then in the United States.
An aerial torpedo, airborne torpedo or air-dropped torpedo is a naval weapon, a torpedo, that an aircraft—fixed-wing aircraft or helicopter—drops in the water, after which the weapon propels itself to the target.
The Aero A.100 was a biplane light bomber and reconnaissance aircraft built in Czechoslovakia during the 1930s.
The Aero A.304 was a Czechoslovakian bomber aircraft that first flew in 1937.
The Aerodrome Abbeville (Aérodrome d'Abbeville) or Abbeville Airport,, is an airport serving Abbeville and located in Buigny-Saint-Maclou, north-northeast of Abbeville, both communes of the Somme département in the Picardie région of France.
Wing emblem of the A.N.R. from 1944 to 1945. The National Republican Air Force (Aeronautica Nazionale Repubblicana, or ANR) was the air force of the Italian Social Republic during World War II, closely linked with the German Air Force (Luftwaffe) in northern Italy.
An aggressor squadron or adversary squadron (in the US Navy and USMC) is a squadron that is trained to act as an opposing force in military wargames.
The Ago Ao 192 Kurier was a small German twin-engined aircraft designed and built by AGO Flugzeugwerke in the 1930s.
The Ahnenerbe (ancestral heritage) was a think tank that operated in Nazi Germany between 1935 and 1945.
Air Headquarters Malta (AHQ Malta or Air H.Q. Malta) was an overseas command of the Royal Air Force (RAF) established on 28 December 1941, by renaming RAF Mediterranean under Air Vice Marshal Hugh Lloyd.
Airborne Interception radar, Mark IV, or AI Mk.
Airborne Interception radar, Mark VIII, or AI Mk.
The Air Attack on the Fortress of Koepenick was an incident in the air war over Germany during World War II.
Air Conflicts is a Flight Simulator set in World War II for the PSP in 2009.
Air Division may refer to.
An air force, also known in some countries as an aerospace force or air army, is in the broadest sense, the national military branch that primarily conducts aerial warfare.
The Air Force of the Independent State of Croatia (Zrakoplovstvo Nezavisne Države Hrvatske; ZNDH), was the air force of the Independent State of Croatia (NDH), a puppet state established with the support of the Axis Powers on the territory of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia during World War II.
The Air Force of the Polish Army (Lotnictwo Wojska Polskiego), unofficially known as the People's Polish Air Force was the name of the Soviet-controlled Polish Air Force in the USSR between 1943 and 1947 created alongside the Polish People's Army (Ludowe Wojsko Polskie), a subordinate to the Red Army.
Air forces of most of the countries use system similar to Armies.
The Air Forces of the National People's Army (German: Luftstreitkräfte der Nationalen Volksarmee – LSK) was the Air Force of East Germany.
The Air Gunner's and Flight Engineer's badge was a German military decoration awarded to air gunners, mechanics (flight engineers) or aircrew meteorologists who were members of the German Air Force (Luftwaffe) after they completed two months training or had taken part in at least five operational flights.
Airlanding is a designation formerly held by glider-borne infantry units British Army.
An air offensive is a type of military operation conducted using aircrew, airborne and strategic missile troops to allow securing of war, campaign or operational initiative, air-space superiority or ensure defeat of enemy forces through use of air-delivered ordnance, or destruction of enemy air, ground and naval forces.
The air raid on Bari was an air attack by German bombers on Allied forces and shipping in Bari, Italy on 2 December 1943 during World War II.
Air supremacy is a position in war where a side holds complete control of air warfare and air power over opposing forces.
The Air War Plans Division (AWPD) was an American military organization established to make long-term plans for war.
The Air War School Klotzsche (Luftkriegsschule Klotzsche) also known as Luftkriegsschule 1 (LKS 1) was a former Luftwaffe school in the Dresden borrow Klotzsche.
Air warfare during World War II in Yugoslavia pitted the Yugoslav Air Force, both Royal and NOVJ, United States Army Air Force (USAAF), the Royal Air Force (RAF), including the Balkan Air Force, and Soviet Air Forces against the German Luftwaffe, the Italian Regia Aeronautica and the Air Force of the Independent State of Croatia (Zrakoplovstvo Nezavisne Države Hrvatske, ZNDH).
Air-sea rescue (ASR or A/SR, also known as sea-air rescue) is the coordinated search and rescue (SAR) of the survivors of emergency water landings as well as people who have survived the loss of their seagoing vessel.
Airborne Military parachuting or gliding form of inserting personnel or supplies.
Airborne Interception radar, or AI for short, is the British term for radar systems used to equip aircraft in the air-to-air role.
Aircraft camouflage is the use of camouflage on military aircraft to make them more difficult to see, whether on the ground or in the air.
An aircraft catapult is a device used to launch aircraft from ships, most commonly used on aircraft carriers, as a form of assisted take off.
Aircraft in fiction covers the various real-world aircraft that have made significant appearances in fiction over the decades, including in books, films, toys, TV programs, video games, and other media.
The Battle of Britain (German: Luftschlacht um England) was an effort by the German Air Force (Luftwaffe) during the summer and autumn of 1940 to gain air superiority over the Royal Air Force (RAF) of the United Kingdom in preparation for the planned amphibious and airborne forces invasion of Britain by Operation Sea Lion.
The Aircrew Badge was a German military decoration awarded to members of the German Air Sports Association (Deutscher Luftsportverband or DLV e. V.), an organisation set up by the Nazi Party in March 1933 to establish a uniform basis for the training of military pilots.
The RAF Airfield Construction Branch constructed and repaired runways, hard-standings, buildings and other facilities as required by the Royal Air Force in the United Kingdom and overseas.
The airframe of an aircraft is its mechanical structure.
An airlift is the organized delivery of supplies or personnel primarily via military transport aircraft.
An airplane or aeroplane (informally plane) is a powered, fixed-wing aircraft that is propelled forward by thrust from a jet engine, propeller or rocket engine.
The Airspeed AS.6 Envoy was a British light, twin-engined transport aircraft designed and built by Airspeed Ltd. in the 1930s at Portsmouth Aerodrome, Hampshire.
Albert Allick Bowlly (7 January 1898 – 17 April 1941) was a Mozambican-born South African/British singer, songwriter, composer and band leader, who became a popular jazz crooner during the British dance band era of the 1930s and later worked in the United States.
Al Hake (30 June 1916 – 31 March 1944), was an Australian Supermarine Spitfire pilot who was taken prisoner during the Second World War.
Air Commodore Alan Christopher "Al" Deere, (12 December 1917 – 21 September 1995) was a New Zealander fighter pilot with the Royal Air Force during World War 2, and the author of the war memoir Nine Lives.
Alan Kenneth Mackenzie Clark (13 April 1928 – 5 September 1999) was a British Conservative Member of Parliament (MP), author and diarist.
Alan Eugene Magee (January 13, 1919 – December 20, 2003) was an American airman during World War II who survived a 22,000-foot (6,700 m) fall from his damaged B-17 Flying Fortress.
Alan Charles Rawlinson, (31 July 1918 – 27 August 2007) was an Australian airman and fighter ace of World War II.
Albert Bürger (13 June 1913 – 16 March 1996) was a fire official in West Germany.
Albert Betz (25 December 1885 – 16 April 1968) was a German physicist and a pioneer of wind turbine technology.
Albert Brunner (17 July 1918 – 7 May 1943) was a German Luftwaffe ace and recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross during World War II.
Albert Günther Göring (9 March 1895 – 20 December 1966) was a German businessman who helped Jews and dissidents survive in Germany during the Second World War.
Albert Kesselring (30 November 1885 – 16 July 1960) was a German Luftwaffe Generalfeldmarschall during World War II.
Berthold Konrad Hermann Albert Speer (March 19, 1905 – September 1, 1981) was a German architect who was, for most of World War II, Reich Minister of Armaments and War Production for Nazi Germany.
Albert Stecken (24 January 1915 – 24 August 2011) was an officer in the Fallschirmjäger of Nazi Germany during World War II and a general in the Bundeswehr of West Germany.
Major Albrecht Lanz (25 February 1898 – 27 January 1942) was the first Kommandant of Guernsey and Jersey in the Channel Islands in World War II and a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross.
Aldershot Military Cemetery is a burial ground for military personnel, or ex-military personnel.
Aleksandar Beric (13 June 1906 – 12 April 1941), born in Novi Bečej, Serbia, was an officer in the Royal Yugoslav Navy during the German invasion of Yugoslavia in 1941.
Aleksey Frolovich Solomatin (Алексе́й Фро́лович Солома́тин) (1921-1943) was an aviation commander of the Soviet Army, ace during the Great Patriotic War, and Hero of the Soviet Union.
Alexander Andrae (27 April 1888 – 3 April 1979), whose first name is often mistakenly given as Waldemar, was a German military officer from Kösling, Upper Silesia.
Alexander Holle (27 February 1898 – 16 July 1978) was a German general (Generalleutnant) in the Luftwaffe during World War II.
Lt. Col. Alexander Jefferson (born November 15, 1921 in Detroit, Michigan), a retired US Air Force officer, famous as one of the Tuskegee Airmen, the 332nd Fighter Group.
Alexander Kartveli, born Aleksandre Kartvelishvili, (ალექსანდრე ქართველიშვილი) (September 9, 1896 – June 20, 1974) was an influential aircraft engineer and a pioneer in American aviation history.
Alexander Kolb (12 May 1891 – 4 April 1963) was a German Generalleutnant during World War II.
Alexander Löhr (20 May 1885 – 26 February 1947) was an Austrian Air Force commander during the 1930s and, after the annexation of Austria, he was a Luftwaffe commander.
The Alexander Nevsky Cathedral (Собор Святого Александра Невского) is a Russian Orthodox cathedral church located in the Kanavinsky city district of Nizhny Novgorod.
Alexander Ivanovich Pokryshkin (Алекса́ндр Ива́нович Покры́шкин; 6 March 1913 – 13 November 1985) was a top Soviet flying ace and a Marshal of the Soviet Air Force.
Alexandros Pilatos Sakellariou (Αλέξανδρος Πιλάτος Σακελλαρίου; Mandra, 1 January 1887 – Athens, 7 July 1982) was a Greek admiral and politician, who led the Royal Hellenic Navy in World War II.
Alfred George Fripp (13 June 1914 –3 January 2013), known as "Alfie" or "Bill", was a British Royal Air Force squadron leader who was a flight sergeant during the Second World War.
Alfons Heck (3 November 1928 – 12 April 2005) was a Hitler Youth member who eventually became a Hitler Youth Officer and a fanatical adherent of Nazism during the Third Reich.
Alfons Luczny (4 June 1894 – 12 August 1985) was a German general in the Luftwaffe during World War II.
Alfred Serge Balachowsky (15 August 1901 – 24 December 1983) was a French entomologist born in Russia.
Alfred Bülowius was a German general during World War II.
Alfred Gerstenberg (April 6, 1893 in Grainau – January 1, 1959 in Bad Tölz) was a German Luftwaffe general.
Alfred Keller (19 September 1882 – 11 February 1974) was a general in the Luftwaffe of Nazi Germany during the Second World War who commanded the Luftflotte 1.
Alfred Lee Loomis (November 4, 1887 – August 11, 1975) was an American attorney, investment banker, philanthropist, scientist, physicist, inventor of the LORAN Long Range Navigation System, and a lifelong patron of scientific research.
Leutnant (later Major) Alfred Lindenberger was a World War I flying ace credited with twelve aerial victories.
Alfred Saalwächter (10 January 1883 – 6 December 1945) was a German U-boat commander during World War I and General Admiral during World War II.
Alfred Salter (16 June 1873 – 24 August 1945) was a British medical practitioner and Labour Party politician.
Alfred Saupe (February 14, 1925 – August 3, 2008) was a German Physicist born in Badenweiler, who laid groundbreaking work in the area of liquid crystal studies.
Alfred Schlemm (8 December 1894 – 24 January 1986) was a German General der Fallschirmtruppe in the Wehrmacht.
Alfred Schreiber (11 November 1923 – 26 November 1944), was a fighter pilot in the Luftwaffe during World War II.
Alfred Sturm (23 August 1888 – 8 March 1962) was a German general during World War II.
Alfred Teumer (11 February 1918 – 4 October 1944) was a Luftwaffe flying ace during World War II and recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross (Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes).
Group Captain Allan Richard Wright, (12 February 1920 – 16 September 2015) was a Royal Air Force (RAF) fighter pilot and flying ace of the Second World War.
The Allied advance from Paris to the Rhine was a phase in the Western European Campaign of World War II.
Allied Forces Baltic Approaches (BALTAP) was a Principal Subordinate Command (PSC) of the NATO Military Command Structure, with responsibility for the Baltic Sea area.
The Allied siege of La Rochelle occurred during the Second World War in 1944–45, when Allied troops invaded France.
The Allies of World War II cooperated extensively in the development and manufacture of new and existing technologies to support military operations and intelligence gathering during the Second World War.
Allum Green is a hamlet southwest of Lyndhurst, Hampshire, England.
Colonel Alois Heldmann was a World War I flying ace credited with 15 confirmed aerial victories (plus three unconfirmed) while he was a leutnant.
Leutnant Alois Rodlauer was a World War I flying ace credited with five aerial victories.
Alois Stoeckl (also referred to as Alois Stöckl; 22 August 1895 – 14 August 1940) was a German pilot during World War II who commanded the 55th Bomber Wing of the Luftwaffe.
Alois Vašátko DFC (25 August 1908 – 23 June 1942) was a Czechoslovak artillery officer who became an air force pilot.
Alta Airport (Alta lufthavn) is an international airport serving Alta, a town and municipality in Finnmark county, Norway.
The Alta Battalion (Alta bataljon) was an independent battalion within the Norwegian 6th Division based in the village of Alta in western Finnmark and commanded by Lt.
Altrincham is a market town in Trafford, Greater Manchester, England, south of the River Mersey southwest of Manchester city centre, southwest of Sale and east of Warrington.
Alvis Car and Engineering Company Ltd was a British manufacturing company in Coventry from 1919 to 1967.
The Alvis Firebird was a British touring car made between 1935 and 1939 by Alvis Ltd in Coventry.
Alwin Wolz (22 September 1897 – 15 September 1978) was a general in the Luftwaffe of Nazi Germany during World War II who commanded the 3.
Amanda Holden is an English television presenter, actress and singer who has appeared as a judge on ITV's Britain's Got Talent since the show began in 2007.
Amberg is a town in Bavaria, Germany.
The Ambrosini SAI.403 Dardo ("Dart") was a light fighter aircraft built in Italy during World War II.
The America First Committee (AFC) was the foremost United States non-interventionist pressure group against the American entry into World War II.
The American Locomotive Company, often shortened to ALCO, ALCo or Alco, designed, built and sold steam locomotives, diesel-electric locomotives, diesel engines and generators, specialized forgings, high quality steel, armed tanks and automobiles and produced nuclear energy.
The Amerika bomber project was an initiative of the German Reichsluftfahrtministerium to obtain a long-range strategic bomber for the Luftwaffe that would be capable of striking the United States from Germany, a round-trip distance of about.
Amiens – Glisy Aerodrome (Aérodrome d'Amiens - Glisy) is an airport serving Amiens, the capital city of the Somme department of the Picardy (Picardie) region in France.
The Amiot 143M was a late 1930s French medium bomber designed to meet 1928 specifications for a bomber capable of day/night bombing, long-range reconnaissance and bomber escort.
The Amiot 354 was the last in a series of fast, twin-engine bombers which fought with the French Air Force in limited numbers during the Battle of France.
The AN/FPS-117 is a 3-dimensional air search radar first produced by GE Aerospace (now Lockheed Martin) in 1980.
Anatoly (Yitzhak) Rubin was a survivor of the Holocaust and later of the Gulags.
The ANBO IV was a reconnaissance aircraft used by the Lithuanian Air Force in World War II, designed by Lithuanian aircraft designer Antanas Gustaitis.
André Louis Arthur Zirnheld (March 7, 1913 – June 27, 1942) was a French paratrooper, a member of the Free French Air Force, and a member of the French Squadron, Special Air Service during World War II.
Andreas Roland Grüntzig (25 June 1939 – 27 October 1985) was a German radiologist and cardiologist, with foundational interest, training and research in epidemiology, angiology.
Admiral of the Fleet Andrew Browne Cunningham, 1st Viscount Cunningham of Hyndhope, (7 January 1883 – 12 June 1963) was a senior officer of the British Royal Navy during the Second World War.
The Angle Peninsula Coast is a peninsula which forms the southern side of the entrance to the Milford Haven Waterway in the county of Pembrokeshire, Wales.
The Anglo-French Supreme War Council (SWC) was established to oversee joint military strategy at the start of the Second World War.
The Anglo-German Naval Agreement of 18 June 1935 was a naval agreement between the United Kingdom and Germany regulating the size of the Kriegsmarine in relation to the Royal Navy.
The Anglo–Iraqi War (2–31 May 1941) was a British military campaign against the rebel government of Rashid Ali in the Kingdom of Iraq during the Second World War.
Aniela Krzywoń (27 May 1925 – 12 October 1943) was a private in the "Emilia Plater" Independent Women's Battalion of the Polish Army during the Second World War and became the only woman in history who was not a citizen of the Soviet Union to be awarded the USSR's highest honor for bravery, the title Hero of the Soviet Union, after she died of injuries sustained while rescuing important military documents from a burning truck after a Luftwaffe bombing raid.
Annfield Stadium was a football stadium in Stirling, Scotland.
Anthony Gustav de Rothschild (26 June 1887 – 5 February 1961) was a British banker and member of the Rothschild family.
Anthony Valentine (17 August 1939 – 2 December 2015) was an English actor best known for his television roles: the ruthless Toby Meres in Callan (1967–72), the sadistic Major Horst Mohn in Colditz (1972–74), and the suave gentleman thief title character in Raffles (1977).
An anti-handling device is an attachment to or integral part of a landmine or other munition e.g. some fuze types found in general purpose air-dropped bombs, cluster bombs and sea mines.
Anti-Partisan Guerrilla Warfare Badge (German Bandenkampfabzeichen; literally: "Bandit-fight badge") was a World War II decoration of Nazi Germany awarded to members of the army, Luftwaffe, Ordnungspolizei (Order Police), and Waffen-SS for participating in rear-area security operations, the so-called Bandenbekämpfung (bandit fighting).
Anti-ship missiles are guided missiles that are designed for use against ships and large boats.
After German doctors became the first to identify the link between smoking and lung cancer, Germany initiated a strong anti-tobacco movement and led the first public anti-smoking campaign in modern history.
Antoine Marie Jean-Baptiste Roger, comte de Saint-Exupéry (29 June 1900 – 31 July 1944) was a French writer, poet, aristocrat, journalist, and pioneering aviator.
Anton Hermann Benning (15 May 1918 – 29 September 2013) was a German Luftwaffe ace and recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross during World War II.
Anton "Toni" Hackl (25 March 1915 – 10 July 1984) was a German Luftwaffe military aviator during World War II, a fighter ace credited with 192 enemy aircraft shot down in over 1,000 combat missions.
Anton "Toni" Hafner (2 June 1918 − 17 October 1944) was a German Luftwaffe military aviator during World War II and a fighter ace credited with 204 enemy aircraft shot down in 795 combat missions.
Anton Lindner (12 April 1917 – 17 February 1994) was a Luftwaffe ace and recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross during World War II.
Anton Mader (born 7 January 1913 – 19 February 1984) was a German pilot during World War II.
Anton Resch (26 November 1921 – 16 July 1975) was a former Luftwaffe fighter ace and recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross during World War II.
Antonina Lebedeva (Антонина Васильевна Лебедева) (1916 – July 17, 1943) was a Soviet aviator and officer of the Soviet Air Force.
The Antrim Road is a major arterial route and area of housing and commerce that runs from inner city north Belfast to Dunadry, passing through Newtownabbey and Templepatrick.
Antwerp International Airport is a small international airport serving Antwerp, the second most populous city of Belgium.
Anzio is a board wargame published by the Avalon Hill game company first in 1969 and again in 1971, 1974, and 1978.
Appuldurcombe House (also spelt Appledorecombe or Appledore Combe) is the shell of a large 18th-century baroque country house of the Worsley family.
The following events occurred in April 1914.
The following events occurred in April 1916.
The following events occurred in April 1943.
The following events occurred in April 1945.
The Arado Ar 195 was a single-engine prototype carrier-based torpedo bomber, built by the German firm Arado for service on the, during World War II.
The Arado Ar 196 was a shipboard reconnaissance low-wing monoplane aircraft built by the German firm of Arado starting in 1936.
The Arado Ar 197 was a German World War II-era biplane, designed for naval operations for the never-completed German aircraft carrier.
The Arado Ar 198 was a prototype reconnaissance aircraft, developed by Arado Flugzeugwerke, with backing from the Luftwaffe, who initially preferred it over the Blohm & Voss BV 141 and the Focke-Wulf Fw 189.
The Arado Ar 199 was a floatplane aircraft, built by Arado Flugzeugwerke.
The Arado Ar 232 Tausendfüßler (German: "Millipede"), sometimes also called Tatzelwurm, was one of the first truly modern cargo aircraft, designed and built in small numbers by the German firm Arado Flugzeugwerke during World War II.
The Arado Ar 234 Blitz (English: lightning) was the world's first operational jet-powered bomber, built by the German Arado company in the closing stages of World War II.
The Arado Ar 240 was a German twin-engine, multi-role heavy fighter aircraft, developed for the Luftwaffe during World War II by Arado Flugzeugwerke.
The Arado Ar 64 was a single-seat biplane fighter, developed in the late 1920s.
The Arado Ar 65 was the single-seat biplane fighter successor to the Ar 64.
The Arado Ar 66 was a German single-engined, two-seat training biplane, developed in 1933.
The Arado Ar 67 was the single-seat biplane fighter successor to the Ar 65.
The Arado Ar 68 was a single-seat biplane fighter developed in the mid-1930s.
The Arado Ar 76 was a German aircraft of the 1930s, designed as a light fighter with a secondary role as an advanced trainer in mind.
The Arado Ar 77 was a German twin-engined monoplane, designed as an advanced training aircraft from 1934.
The Arado Ar 80 was a pre-World War II fighter aircraft, designed by Arado Flugzeugwerke to compete for the Luftwaffes first major fighter contract.
The Arado 95 was a single-engine reconnaissance and patrol biplane designed and built by the German firm Arado in the late 1930s.
The Arado Ar 96 was a German single-engine, low-wing monoplane of all-metal construction, produced by Arado Flugzeugwerke.
The Arado Ar E.340 was a twin-engined dive- and tactical-medium bomber, designed by Arado Flugzeugwerke at the request of the Reich Air Ministry in 1939 to compete for a production contract for the Bomber B fast bomber design competition, but the project was cancelled.
The Arado E.381 (Kleinstjäger – "smallest hunter") was a proposed parasite fighter aircraft.
The Arado E.555 was a long range strategic bomber proposed by the German Arado company during World War II in response to the RLM's Amerikabomber project.
The Arado E.560 was a series of multi-engined Arado medium-range tactical bombers projected during the Second World War.
Arado Flugzeugwerke was a German aircraft manufacturer, originally established as the Warnemünde factory of the Flugzeugbau Friedrichshafen firm, that produced land-based military aircraft and seaplanes during the First World War.
Archibald Ashmore McKellar, & Bar (10 April 1912 – 1 November 1940) was a flying ace of the Royal Air Force (RAF) during the Second World War.
London is the second largest urban area – and largest city (see List of cities in the European Union by population within city limits) – in the European Union area; as the ancient city of Londinium founded in the first century CE and nearly continuously inhabited, it is not characterised by any single predominant architectural style but areas of the city exhibit very strong and influential urban qualities which have deeply influenced urban planning globally.
The Arctic Circle defining the "midnight sun" encompasses the Atlantic Ocean from the northern edge of Iceland to the Bering Strait.
The Ardeatine massacre, or Fosse Ardeatine massacre (Eccidio delle Fosse Ardeatine) was a mass killing carried out in Rome on 24 March 1944 by German occupation troops during the Second World War as a reprisal for a partisan attack conducted on the previous day in central Rome against the SS Police Regiment Bozen.
The Argentine Air Force (Fuerza Aérea Argentina, or simply FAA) is the national aviation branch of the Armed Forces of the Argentine Republic.
The Argus As 292 was originally developed in 1939 as a small, remote-controlled unmanned anti-aircraft target drone.
The Armeemarschsammlung (Army March Collection), also known as the Prussian Army March Collection (Preußische Armeemarschsammlung) refers to the basic catalog of works of German military march music.
Oberleutnant Armin Faber was a Luftwaffe pilot in World War II who mistook the Bristol Channel for the English Channel and landed his Focke-Wulf 190 (Fw 190) intact at RAF Pembrey in south Wales.
The Armored train Štefánik was a military train used during World War II (during the Slovak National Uprising) in Slovakia.
An armoured flight deck is an aircraft carrier flight deck that incorporates substantial armour in its design.
The Armstrong Whitworth Ensign was a British four-engine airliner built during the 1930s for Imperial Airways.
Army Air Force Station Buchschwabach is a former military airfield, located 10.1 miles southwest of Nuremberg in Bavaria, Germany.
The Army Air Forces Antisubmarine Command was formed in the fall of 1942 to establish a single command to control antisubmarine warfare (ASW) activities of the Army Air Forces (AAF).
The Army Forces Command (Heeresführungskommando) in Falckenstein Barracks in Koblenz was one of the two leadership pillars of the German Army, together with the German Army Office, before it was merged into the Army Command (Kommando Heer).
Army Group C (in German, Heeresgruppe C or HGr C) was an army group of the German Wehrmacht during the Second World War.
Army Group E (Heeresgruppe E) was a German Army Group active during World War II.
The ARSAERO CT 10, also known as the Arsenal/SFECMAS Ars 5501, was a remote-controlled target drone developed by the Arsenal de l'Aéronautique (ARSAERO) for the French Air Force.
Arthur William Bell III (June 17, 1945 – April 13, 2018) was an American broadcaster and author.
Art theft is usually for the purpose of resale or for ransom (sometimes called artnapping).
Sir Arthur Wilfred "Bill" Bonsall (25 June 1917 – 26 November 2014) was director of the British signals intelligence agency, GCHQ—a post he held from 1973 to 1978.
Arthur Laumann was a German World War I flying ace who scored 28 victories in just over three months.
Arthur Douglas Merriman, (25 November 1892 – 2 November 1972) was a government scientist with the Ministry of Supply, a British Army officer, and a recipient of the George Cross.
Arthur Graham Owens, later known as Arthur Graham White (14 April 1899 – 24 December 1957), was a Welsh double agent for the Allies during the Second World War.
Arthur R.G. Solmssen (born September 29, 1928 in New York City); www.acamedia.info.
Arthur Thomas Hatto (11 February 1910 – 6 January 2010) was an English scholar of German studies at the University of London, notable for translations of the Medieval German narrative poems Tristan by Gottfried von Strassburg, Parzival by Wolfram von Eschenbach, and the Nibelungenlied.
Artur von Casimir (4 September 1908 - 15 December 2005) was a German Oberst and former bomber pilot who flew for the Luftwaffe during World War II.
The AS.34 Kormoran (cormorant) is a German-produced anti-ship missile.
Association football culture refers to the cultural aspects surrounding the game of association football.
The Astra modelo 400 was a Spanish service pistol produced by weapons manufacturer Astra-Unceta y Cia SA.
Astrakhan (p) is a city in southern Russia and the administrative center of Astrakhan Oblast.
Astravyets District (Астравецкі раён, Островецкий район) – a district (rajon) in Grodno Region of Belarus.
At Swim-Two-Birds is a 1939 novel by Irish writer Brian O'Nolan, writing under the pseudonym Flann O'Brien.
Atalanti (Αταλάντη Atalantē) is the second largest town in Phthiotis, Greece.
Athis Airfield was a World War II military airfield located approximately 1 km northeast of Athis, approximately 130 km east-northeast of Paris.
The Atlantic Wall (Atlantikwall) was an extensive system of coastal defence and fortifications built by Nazi Germany between 1942 and 1944 along the coast of continental Europe and Scandinavia as a defence against an anticipated Allied invasion of Nazi-occupied Europe from the United Kingdom during World War II.
Attacker-class escort carriers were a type of aircraft carrier in service with the British Royal Navy during the Second World War.
Attacks on parachutists, as defined by the law of war, is when pilots, aircrews, and passengers are attacked while descending by parachute from disabled aircraft during wartime.
Margaret Audrey White (2 November 1927 – 8 November 2014), later Lady Wardington, was a red-headed English model who was refused a job as a BBC announcer in case her powerful looks "alarmed timid men from Wigan and country districts." The Telegraph, 14 November 2014.
Aufklärungsgruppe 11 (11th Reconnaissance Group) was a German Air Force air reconnaissance group that participated in the Axis-led invasion of Yugoslavia during World War II.
Aufklärungsgruppe 121 (121st Reconnaissance Group) was a German Air Force air reconnaissance group that participated in the Axis-led invasion of Yugoslavia during World War II.
Augsburg (Augschburg) is a city in Swabia, Bavaria, Germany.
The following events occurred in August 1914.
The following events occurred in August 1915.
The following events occurred in August 1916.
The following events occurred in August 1917.
The following events occurred in August 1940.
August Edler von Meyszner (3 August 1886 – 24 January 1947) was an Austrian Gendarmerie officer, right-wing politician, and senior Ordnungspolizei (order police) officer who held the post of Higher SS and Police Leader in the German-occupied territory of Serbia from January 1942 to March 1944, during World War II.
August Schmidt (1 February 1883 – 23 November 1955) was a highly decorated General der Flakartillerie in the Luftwaffe during World War II.
Auric Goldfinger is a fictional character and the main antagonist in the James Bond film Goldfinger, based on Ian Fleming's novel of the same name.
Austin Osman Spare (30 December 1886 – 15 May 1956) was an English artist and occultist who worked as both a draughtsman and a painter.
The Austrian Air Force (Österreichische Luftstreitkräfte) is a component part of the Austrian armed forces (the Bundesheer).
An autocannon or automatic cannon is a large, fully automatic, rapid-fire projectile weapon that fires armour-piercing or explosive shells, as opposed to the bullet fired by a machine gun.
The Automobilwerk Eisenach (AWE) was an automobile manufacturer in Eisenach, Germany.
Avenue St Andrew's is a United Reformed Church in Southampton, England, United Kingdom.
Avia is a Czech automotive manufacturer.
The Avia B.158 was a prototype Czechoslovak twin-engined light bomber aircraft of the 1930s.
The Avia B-34 was a biplane fighter aircraft built in Czechoslovakia in the early 1930s.
The Avia B-534 is a Czechoslovak biplane developed and manufactured by aviation company Avia.
The Avia B.122 was a Czechoslovak single-seat biplane aerobatic aircraft, which was developed in the mid-1930s.
The AVIA FL.3 (also later known as the Lombardi FL.3) was an Italian two-seat cabin monoplane designed and built by Azionaria Vercellese Industrie Aeronautiche (AVIA) who were later taken over by Lombardi in 1947.
The Avia S-199 was a propeller-driven fighter aircraft built after World War II, notable as the first fighter obtained by the Israeli Air Force, and used during the 1948 Arab-Israeli War.
Aviano Air Base (Base aerea di Aviano) is a NATO base in northeastern Italy, in the Friuli-Venezia Giulia region.
During World War II, aviation firmly established itself as a critical component of modern warfare from the Battle of Britain in the early stages to the great aircraft carrier battles between American and Japanese Pacific fleets and the final delivery of nuclear weapons.
An aviation ministry is a cabinet level department of a government which is concerned with matters of aviation within a particular country's airspace.
An aviator badge is an insignia used in most of the world's militaries to designate those who have received training and qualification in military aviation.
Avonmouth is a port and outer suburb of Bristol, England facing two rivers: the reinforced north bank of the final stage of the Avon which rises at sources in Wiltshire, Gloucestershire and Somerset; and the eastern shore of the Severn Estuary.
The Avro Anson is a British twin-engined, multi-role aircraft built by the aircraft manufacturer Avro.
The Avro Lancaster is a British four-engined Second World War heavy bomber.
The George Cross was awarded to the island of Malta by King George VI in a letter to the island's Governor, Lieutenant-General Sir William Dobbie, so as to "bear witness to the heroism and devotion of its people" during the great siege they underwent in the early part of World War II.
Major Axel von Blomberg (1908 – 15 May 1941) was an officer in the German Air Force (Luftwaffe) before and during the Second World War.
Axis and Soviet air operations during Operation Barbarossa took place over a six-month period, 22 June – December, 1941.
The Axis leaders of World War II were important political and military figures during World War II.
The Axis order of battle at Stalingrad is a list of the significant land units that fought in the Battle of Stalingrad on the side of the Axis Powers between September 1942 and February 1943.
The Axis order of battle for the invasion of Yugoslavia was made up of the various operational formations of the German Wehrmacht and Waffen-SS, Italian Armed Forces and Hungarian Armed Forces that participated in the invasion of Yugoslavia during World War II, commencing on 6 April 1941.
The Axis powers (Achsenmächte; Potenze dell'Asse; 枢軸国 Sūjikukoku), also known as the Axis and the Rome–Berlin–Tokyo Axis, were the nations that fought in World War II against the Allied forces.
Ayers Kaserne at Kirch-Göns, Germany (coordinates: 50° 28' 46.08" N 8° 38' 41.83" E) was a U.S. Army installation built in 1952 as part of the major construction efforts under the U.S. Army troop augmentation program of the early 1950s, occupied by the 22nd Regimental Combat Team of the Fourth infantry Division until May, 1956, and by the Third U.S. Armored Division in 1956 and then home to Combat Command A, 3rd Armored Division was stationed at Ayers Kaserne beginning 12 May 1956.
Ágnes Galambos Bartha née Schwartz (born 1922) is a Hungarian photographer and Ravensbrück concentration camp survivor.
Ålesund Airport, Sørneset (Ålesund sjøflyplass, Sørneset) was a water aerodrome and later heliport situated at Nørvevika and later Sørneset in Ålesund, Norway.
Ålesund Airport, Vigra (Ålesund lufthavn, Vigra) is an international airport serving the town of Ålesund, Norway.
Baron Élie Robert de Rothschild (29 May 1917 – 6 August 2007) was the guardian of the French branch of the Rothschild family banking dynasty.
Émile Allegret (24 April 1907 at Dijon – 22 November 1990 at Vaux-sur-Mer) was a French soldier and member of the French Resistance during World War II.
Émile Dewoitine (26 September 1892 – 5 July 1979) was a French aviation industrialist.
Évreux-Fauville Air Base (Base aérienne 105 Évreux or BA 105) is a French Air Force base located about 2 miles (3 km) east of the town of Évreux in the Eure département, on the north side of the Route nationale 13 (N13) Highway.
Červená Voda (Mährisch Rothwasser) is a village in the Pardubice Region of the Czech Republic with a population of 3,264 (2006), is situated in a valley 19 km north-west from the city of Šumperk and belongs to the Okres Ústí nad Orlicí district.
Ściechów (Fahlenwerder) is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Lubiszyn, within Gorzów County, Lubusz Voivodeship, in western Poland.
Śrem (Schrimm) is a town on the Warta river in central Poland.
Świdnik is a municipality in eastern Poland with 40,186 inhabitants (2012), situated in the Lublin Voivodeship, southeast of the city of Lublin.
Świebodzin (Schwiebus) is a town in western Poland with 21,757 inhabitants (2004).
Świnoujście (Swinemünde, both names meaning Świna mouth) is a city and seaport on the Baltic Sea and Szczecin Lagoon, located in the extreme north-west of Poland.
Šiprage (Шипраге) is a settlement and former municipality in the Bosnia and Herzegovina, Republika Srpska entity, Kotor Varoš Municipality.
The Škoda-Kauba Sk 257 was a Czechoslovakian-built fighter trainer monoplane built by Škoda-Kauba Flugzeugbau for the Luftwaffe.
The Škoda-Kauba Sk P.14 was a ramjet-powered emergency fighter project for the Luftwaffe.
Żnin (Znin, 1941-45: Dietfurt) is a small town in Poland with a population of 14,181 (June 2014).
B-17 Flying Fortress: World War II Bombers in Action is a combat flight simulator video game developed by Vektor Grafix and published by MicroProse for the PC MS-DOS in 1992 and for the Amiga and Atari ST in 1993.
The B-Dienst (Beobachtungsdienst, observation service), also called xB-Dienst, X-B-Dienst and χB-Dienst, was a Department of the German Naval Intelligence Service (Marinenachrichtendienst, MND III) of the OKM, that dealt with the interception and recording, decoding and analysis of the enemy, in particular British radio communications before and during World War II.
Babi Yar (Бабин Яр, Babyn Yar; Бабий Яр, Babiy Yar) is a ravine in the Ukrainian capital Kiev and a site of massacres carried out by German forces and by local Ukrainian collaborators during their campaign against the Soviet Union in World War II.
The Bachem Ba 349 Natter (Colubrid, grass-snake) was a World War II German point-defence rocket-powered interceptor, which was to be used in a very similar way to a manned surface-to-air missile.
Back Again in the DHSS is the second vinyl album by UK rock band Half Man Half Biscuit, released in 1987.
Bad Langensalza Airport is a general aviation facility located in Germany, about north-northwest of Bad Langensalza (Thuringen); approximately southwest of Berlin.
Bad Reichenhall is a spa town, and administrative center of the Berchtesgadener Land district in Upper Bavaria, Germany.
Bad Zwischenahn (Low German: Twüschenahn) is a town and a municipality in the low-lying Ammerland district, in Lower Saxony, Germany.
The Badayev warehouses are a complex of wooden warehouses, originally built in St. Petersburg in 1914 by Igor Rasteryaev, a merchant of the 1st Guild.
The Baedeker Blitz or Baedeker raids were a series of attacks by the Luftwaffe on English cities during the Second World War.
Baheira Airfield, or Bir El Baheira is an abandoned military airfield in Libya, which is located in the eastern desert near the Egyptian border, about 48 km west of Bardīyah; 3 km west of Bi'r al Buhayrah.
Baiersdorf is a town in the district of Erlangen-Höchstadt, in northern Bavaria, Germany.
During the Second World War, the Balard shooting range (stand de tir de Balard) was the site of Nazi torture and executions, now disappeared with the construction of the Boulevard périphérique de Paris.
The Balkenkreuz is a straight-armed cross that was the emblem of the Wehrmacht (German Armed Forces) and its branches from 1935 until the end of World War II.
The Baltic Exchange bombing was an attack by the Provisional IRA on the City of London, Britain's financial centre, on 10 April 1992, the day after the General Election which re-elected John Major from the Conservative Party as Prime Minister.
The Baltic University in Exile was established in the displaced persons camps in Germany to educate refugees from Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania in the aftermath of the Second World War.
Baltiysk was a military air base in Baltiysk, Kaliningrad Oblast, Russia.
Bamberg is a town in Upper Franconia, Germany, on the river Regnitz close to its confluence with the river Main.
The Banjica concentration camp (KZ Banjica) was a German concentration camp in the Territory of the Military Commander in Serbia during World War II.
Bankstown is a suburb of south-western Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia.
The Bankstown Bunker (Air Defence Headquarters Sydney) is a defunct Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) operations facility, located on the corner of Marion and Edgar Street, Bankstown, New South Wales.
Barbara Hines (born 1950) is an American artist.
Barbettes are several types of gun emplacement in terrestrial fortifications or on naval ships.
Bardufoss Air Station (Norwegian: Bardufoss flystasjon) is located in the municipality of Målselv in Troms county in Northern Norway.
Bardufoss Airport (Bardufoss lufthavn) is a primary airport situated at Bardufoss in Målselv, Norway.
Barodontalgia, commonly known as tooth squeeze and previously known as aerodontalgia, is a pain in tooth caused by a change in ambient pressure.
The Barrow Blitz is the name given to the Luftwaffe bombings of Barrow-in-Furness, United Kingdom during World War II.
Barrow-in-Furness, commonly known as Barrow, is a town and borough in Cumbria, England.
Armoured Train Bartosz Glowacki, also called Armoured Train number 55 was a Polish Army Armoured train, used during the Polish-Soviet War and the Polish September Campaign.
Base Lieutenant Étienne Mantoux, formerly Étain-Rouvres Air Base is a base of the French Army Light Aviation.
Vice-Admiral Basil Charles Barrington Brooke, CB, CBE, DL, JP (6 April 1895 – 20 January 1983) was an English admiral and cricketer, who also played for the Singapore national cricket team.
Bath and North East Somerset (commonly referred to as BANES or B&NES) is the district of the unitary authority of Bath and North East Somerset Council that was created on 1 April 1996 following the abolition of the county of Avon.
The term Bath Blitz refers to the air raids by the German air force on the British city of Bath, Somerset, during World War II.
Bath is the largest city in the ceremonial county of Somerset, England, known for its Roman-built baths.
The ceremonial baton is a short, thick stick-like object, typically in wood or metal, that is traditionally the sign of a field marshal or a similar very high-ranking military officer, and carried as a piece of their uniform.
Battersea Power Station is a decommissioned coal-fired power station located on the south bank of the River Thames, in Nine Elms, Battersea, an inner-city district of South West London.
The Battle for Caen (June to August 1944) is the name for the fighting between the British Second Army and German Panzergruppe West in the Second World War for control of the city of Caen and vicinity, during the Battle of Normandy.
The Battle for The Hague took place on 10 May 1940 as part of the Battle of the Netherlands between the Royal Netherlands Army and Luftwaffe Fallschirmjäger (paratroops).
The battle in Berlin was an end phase of the Battle of Berlin.
The Battle of Aachen was a major combat action of World War II, fought by American and German forces in and around Aachen, Germany, between 2-21 October 1944.
The Battle of Alam el Halfa took place between 30 August and 5 September 1942 south of El Alamein during the Western Desert Campaign of the Second World War.
The Battle of Anzio was a battle of the Italian Campaign of World War II that took place from January 22, 1944 (beginning with the Allied amphibious landing known as Operation Shingle) to June 5, 1944 (ending with the capture of Rome).
The Battle of Arnhem was a major battle of the Second World War fought in and around the Dutch towns of Arnhem, Oosterbeek, Wolfheze, Driel and the surrounding countryside from 17–26 September 1944.
The Battle of Athens (also known as the Battle of Piraeus harbor) on 20 April 1941 was a dog-fighting air battle over Athens fought for half an hour between the RAF and the Luftwaffe towards the end of the Battle of Greece.
Battle of Łomża (7–10 September 1939) was a series of armed engagements during the Nazi German and Soviet Invasion of Poland.
The Battle of Belgium or Belgian Campaign, often referred to within Belgium as the 18 Days' Campaign (Campagne des 18 jours, Achttiendaagse Veldtocht), formed part of the greater Battle of France, an offensive campaign by Germany during the Second World War.
The Battle of Berlin was the British bombing campaign on Berlin from November 1943 to March 1944.
The Battle of Białystok–Minsk was a German strategic operation conducted by the Army Group Centre during the penetration of the Soviet border region in the opening stage of Operation Barbarossa lasting from 22 June to 3 July 1941.
The Battle of Bir Hakeim took place at Bir Hakeim, an oasis in the Libyan desert south and west of Tobruk, during the Battle of Gazala (26 May – 21 June 1942).
The Battle of Boratycze took place on September 14, 1939, during the Invasion of Poland.
Battle of Borowa Góra (Bitwa pod Borową Górą) refers to the series of battles from 2 to 5 September 1939 that took place near the Góry Borowskie hills, south west from Piotrków Trybunalski and east of Bełchatów.
The Battle of Boulogne was the defence of the port of Boulogne-sur-Mer by French, British and Belgian troops, during the Battle of France of the Second World War in 1940.
The Battle of Bréville was fought by the British 6th Airborne Division and the German 346th Infantry Division, between 8 and 13 June 1944, during the early phases of the invasion of Normandy in the Second World War.
The Battle of Britain (Luftschlacht um England, literally "The Air Battle for England") was a military campaign of the Second World War, in which the Royal Air Force (RAF) defended the United Kingdom (UK) against large-scale attacks by Nazi Germany's air force, the Luftwaffe.
Battle of Britain is a 1969 British Second World War film directed by Guy Hamilton, and produced by Harry Saltzman and S. Benjamin Fisz.
Battle of Britain is a turn-based strategy video game developed and published by Personal Software Services for the Commodore 64 in 1987.
Battle of Britain DayMason 1969, p. 386.
Battle of Britain II: Wings of Victory is a Windows-based flight simulation created by Shockwave Productions, Inc. (currently known as A2A Simulations) and released in 2005.
The Battle of Brześć Litewski (also known as the Siege of Brześć, Battle of Brest-Litovsk or simply Battle of Brześć) was a World War II battle involving German and Polish forces that took place between 14 and 17 September 1939, near the town of Brześć Litewski (now Brest, Belarus).
The naval Battle of Cape Bon took place on December 13, 1941 during the Second World War, between two Italian light cruisers and an Allied destroyer flotilla off Cape Bon, Tunisia.
The Battle of Cape Matapan (Ναυμαχία του Ταινάρου) was a Second World War naval engagement between British and Axis forces, fought from 27–29 March 1941.
The Battle of Carentan was an engagement in World War II between airborne forces of the United States Army and the German Wehrmacht during the Battle of Normandy.
The Battle of Cherbourg was part of the Battle of Normandy during World War II.
The Battle of Crete (Luftlandeschlacht um Kreta, also Unternehmen Merkur, "Operation Mercury," Μάχη της Κρήτης) was fought during the Second World War on the Greek island of Crete.
The Battle of Danzig Bay (bitwa w Zatoce Gdańskiej) took place on 1 September 1939, at the beginning of the invasion of Poland, when Polish Navy warships were attacked by German Luftwaffe aircraft in Gdańsk Bay (then Danzig Bay).
The Battle of Dombås was fought between Norwegian Army infantry forces and German ''Fallschirmjäger'' paratroops in mid-April 1940.
The Battle of Douvres Radar Station was military engagement of World War II as part of the Invasion of Normandy, that took place the on 17 June 1944.
The Battle of Drøbak Sound took place in Drøbak Sound, the northernmost part of the outer Oslofjord in southern Norway, on 9 April 1940.
The Battle of Dunkirk was a military operation that took place in Dunkirk (Dunkerque), France, during the Second World War.
The Battle of Elsenborn Ridge was the only sector of the American front lines during the Battle of the Bulge where the Germans failed to advance.
The Battle of France, also known as the Fall of France, was the German invasion of France and the Low Countries during the Second World War.
Battle of Gdynia was one of the major battles in northern Poland during the Invasion of Poland of 1939.
The amphibious Battle of Gela was the opening engagement of the United States portion of the Allied Invasion of Sicily.
The Battle of Gembloux (or Battle of the Gembloux Gap) was fought between French and German forces in May 1940.
The Battle of Graveney Marsh, occurred on the night of 27 September 1940 in Kent, England was the last ground engagement involving a foreign force to take place on the mainland of Great Britain.
The Battle of Greece (also known as Operation Marita, Unternehmen Marita) is the common name for the invasion of Allied Greece by Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany in April 1941 during World War II.
The Battle of Groningen took place during the final month of Second World War, from April 13 to 16, 1945, in the city of Groningen between a mixture of German soldiers, Dutch and Belgian SS troops numbering 7,000 against the entire 2nd Canadian Infantry Division, though the whole division was never in combat at any given time.
The Battle of Hannut was a Second World War battle fought during the Battle of Belgium which took place between 12 and 14 May 1940 at Hannut in Belgium.
The Battle of Hegra Fortress was a 25-day engagement in the 1940 Norwegian Campaign which saw a small force of Norwegian volunteers fighting numerically superior German forces from a fortified position.
The Battle of Hel was one of the longest battles of the Invasion of Poland during World War II.
The Battle of Kobryń was one of the battles of the Invasion of Poland.
The Battle of Kock was the final battle in the invasion of Poland at the beginning of World War II in Europe.
The Battle of Kos (Μάχη της Κω) was a brief battle between British, Italian and German forces for the control of the Greek island of Kos, in the then Italian-held Dodecanese islands in the Aegean Sea.
The Battle of Krasny Bor was part of the Soviet offensive Operation Polyarnaya Zvezda.
The Battle of Kursk was a Second World War engagement between German and Soviet forces on the Eastern Front near Kursk (south-west of Moscow) in the Soviet Union, during July and August 1943.
The Battle of Kursk order of battle is a list of the significant units that fought in the Battle of Kursk between July and August 1943.
The Battle of Lanzerath Ridge was fought on December 16, 1944, the first day of the Battle of the Bulge during World War II, near the village of Lanzerath, Belgium, along the key route for the German advance on the northern shoulder of the operation.
The Battle of Lenino was a tactical World War II engagement that took place between October 12 and October 13, 1943, north of the village of Lenino in the Mogilev region of Byelorussia.
The Battle of Leros was the central event of the Dodecanese campaign of the Second World War, and is widely used as an alternate name for the whole campaign.
The Battle of Lwów (sometimes called the Siege of Lwów) was a World War II battle for the control over the Polish city of Lwów (now Lviv, Ukraine) between the Polish Army and the invading Wehrmacht and the Red Army.
The Battle of Mława, otherwise known as the Defence of the Mława position, took place to the north of the town of Mława in northern Poland between 1 and 3 September 1939.
The Battle of Medenine, also known as Operation Capri (Unternehmen Capri), was an Axis spoiling attack at Medenine in Tunisia on 6 March 1943.
The Battle of Mersa Matruh was fought from 26 June to 29 June 1942 following the defeat of the Eighth Army (General Sir Claude Auchinleck) at the Battle of Gazala.
The Battle of Modlin was a battle that took place during the 1939 German invasion of Poland at the beginning of the Second World War.
The Battle of Mokra took place on September 1, 1939 near the village of Mokra, 5 km north from Kłobuck, 23 km north-west from Częstochowa, Poland.
The Battle of Montcornet, on 17 May 1940, was an engagement of the Battle of France.
The Battle of Moscow (translit) was a military campaign that consisted of two periods of strategically significant fighting on a sector of the Eastern Front during World War II.
The Battle of Murowana Oszmianka of May 13–May 14, 1944 was the largest clash between the Polish resistance movement organization Home Army (Armia Krajowa, AK) and the Lithuanian Territorial Defense Force (LTDF); a Lithuanian volunteer security force subordinated to Nazi Germany occupational administration.
The Battle of Nancy in September 1944 was a 10-day battle on the Western Front of World War II in which the Third United States Army defeated German forces defending the approaches to Nancy, France and crossings over the Moselle River to the north and south of the city.
The Battle of Nuremberg was a five-day battle between the forces of the United States 7th Army on one side, and Nazi Germany and Russian Liberation Army volunteers on the other during World War II.
The Battle of Poznań (Battle of Posen) during World War II in 1945 was a massive assault by the Soviet Union's Red Army that had as its objective the elimination of the Nazi German garrison in the stronghold city of Poznań in occupied Poland.
The Battle of Prokhorovka was fought on 12 July 1943 near Prokhorovka, southeast of Kursk in the Soviet Union, during the Second World War.
The Defence of Przemyśl took place between September 11–14, 1939, during the Invasion of Poland.
The Battle of Remagen during the Allied invasion of Germany resulted in the unexpected capture of the Ludendorff Bridge over the Rhine and likely shortened World War II in Europe.
The Battle of Rethymnon, also known as the Battle of Retimo, was a battle during World War II on the Greek island of Crete.
The Battle of Rhodes took place between Italian and German forces for the control of the Greek island of Rhodes, in the then Italian-held Dodecanese islands in the Aegean Sea.
The Battle of Rovaniemi was an event during the 1944 Lapland War.
The Battle of Sedan or Second Battle of Sedan (12–15 May 1940)Frieser 2005, p. 196.
The Battle of St.
The Battle of Stalingrad (23 August 1942 – 2 February 1943) was the largest confrontation of World War II, in which Germany and its allies fought the Soviet Union for control of the city of Stalingrad (now Volgograd) in Southern Russia.
The Battle of Sukho Island, also known as Operation Brazil, was an amphibious operation and naval engagement in Lake Ladoga between the Soviet Navy and a German Luftwaffe naval detachment during World War II.
The Battle of the Afsluitdijk was an unsuccessful attempt by the German Army to seize the Dutch Afsluitdijk in May 1940, during World War II.
The Battle of the Atlantic was the longest continuous military campaign in World War II, running from 1939 to the defeat of Germany in 1945.
The Battle of the Beams was a period early in the Second World War when bombers of the German Air Force (Luftwaffe) used a number of increasingly accurate systems of radio navigation for night bombing in the United Kingdom.
The Battle of the Bulge (16 December 1944 – 25 January 1945) was the last major German offensive campaign on the Western Front during World War II.
The Battle of the Bzura (or the Battle of Kutno) was the largestThe Second World War: An Illustrated History, Putnam, 1975,, battle of the 1939 German invasion of Poland, fought between 9 and 19 SeptemberSources vary regarding the end date, some giving 18 September while others 19 September.
The Battle of the Denmark Strait was a naval engagement on 24 May 1941 in the Second World War, between ships of the Royal Navy and the German Kriegsmarine.
The Battle of the Dnieper was a military campaign that took place in 1943 on the Eastern Front of World War II.
The Battle of the Kerch Peninsula, which commenced with the Soviet Kerch-Feodosia landing operation (Керченско-Феодосийская десантная операция, Kerchensko-Feodosiyskaya desantnaya operatsiya) and ended with the German Operation Bustard Hunt (Unternehmen Trappenjagd), was a World War II battle between Erich von Manstein's German and Romanian 11th Army and Soviet Crimean Front forces in the Kerch Peninsula, in the eastern part of the Crimea.
The Battle of the Mareth Line or the Battle of Mareth was an attack in the Second World War by the British Eighth Army (General Bernard Montgomery) in Tunisia, against the Mareth Line held by the Italo-German 1st Army (General Giovanni Messe).
The Battle of the Mediterranean was the name given to the naval campaign fought in the Mediterranean Sea during World War II, from 10 June 1940 to 2 May 1945.
The Battle of the Netherlands (Slag om Nederland) was a military campaign part of Case Yellow (Fall Gelb), the German invasion of the Low Countries (Belgium, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands) and France during World War II.
The Battle of the North Cape was a Second World War naval battle which occurred on 26 December 1943, as part of the Arctic Campaign.
The Battle of the River Forth was an air battle on 16 October 1939 between Supermarine Spitfires from No. 602 and No. 603 Squadrons of the Royal Air Force and Junkers Ju 88 bombers of 1.
The Battle of the Scheldt in World War II was a series of military operations by Canadian, British and Polish formations to open up the shipping route to Antwerp so that its port could be used to supply the Allies in north-west Europe.
The Battle of Uman (15 July – 8 August 1941) was the German and allied encirclement of the 6th and 12th Soviet Armies—under the command of Lieutenant General I. N. Muzyrchenko and Major General P. G. Ponedelin, respectively—south of the city of Uman during the initial offensive operations of German Army Group South, commanded by ''Generalfeldmarshall'' Gerd von Rundstedt, as part of Operation Barbarossa on the Eastern Front during World War II.
The Battle of Westerplatte was one of the first battles in the Invasion of Poland marking the start of the Second World War in Europe.
The Battle of Zeeland occurred on the Western Front during the early stages of the German assault on France and the Low Countries during World War II.
A battledress is a type of uniform used as combat uniforms, as opposed to dress uniforms or formal uniform worn at parades and functions.
Battlefield 1942: Secret Weapons of WWII is the second of two expansions to the World War II first-person shooter computer game Battlefield 1942.
Battleground is a 1949 American war film that follows a company in the 327th Glider Infantry Regiment, 101st Airborne Division as they cope with the Siege of Bastogne during the Battle of the Bulge in World War II.
The Battles of the Kinarot Valley (הַמַּעֲרָכָה בְּבִקְעַת כִּנָּרוֹת, HaMa'arakha BeBik'at Kinarot), is a collective name for a series of military engagements between the Haganah and the Syrian army during the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, fought between May 15–22, 1948 in the Kinarot Valley.
Bayswater Synagogue was an Ashkenazi-Orthodox synagogue located in Chichester Place, Paddington, London, near the Harrow Road.
Béjaïa (بِجَايَة, Bijayah; Bgayet, Bgayeth, ⴱⴳⴰⵢⴻⵜ), formerly Bougie and Bugia, is a Mediterranean port city on the Gulf of Béjaïa in Algeria; it is the capital of Béjaïa Province, Kabylia.
The Bölkow Bo 46 was an experimental helicopter built to test the Derschmidt rotor system that aimed to allow much higher speeds than traditional helicopter designs.
The Bücker Bü 131 "Jungmann" (Young man) was a German 1930s basic training aircraft which was used by the Luftwaffe during World War II.
The Bücker Bü 133 Jungmeister (Young master) was an advanced trainer of the Luftwaffe in the 1930s.
The Bücker Bü 181 Bestmann was a two-seater, single-engine aerobatic monoplane aircraft built by Bücker Flugzeugbau GmbH in Rangsdorf, near Berlin and extensively used by the Luftwaffe in World War II.
The Bücker Bü 182 Kornett ("Ensign") was a single-seat advanced trainer developed in Germany for Luftwaffe service shortly before the outbreak of World War II.
Bücker-Flugzeugbau GmbH was a German aircraft manufacturer founded in 1932.
Bąków (Banke, Bankau) is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Kluczbork, within Kluczbork County, Opole Voivodeship, in south-western Poland.
Będlino is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Wierzchowo, within Drawsko County, West Pomeranian Voivodeship, in north-western Poland.
Bělá pod Pradědem (Waldenburg) is a village and municipality (obec) in Jeseník District in the Olomouc Region of the Czech Republic.
Beach House in Worthing, England is a Regency beach-side villa, built in 1820 to designs by John Rebecca.
Beate Uhse-Rotermund (born Beate Köstlin October 25, 1919 – July 16, 2001) was a German pilot and entrepreneur.
Beaumaris (Biwmares) is a former royal borough, a community, and the former county town of Anglesey, Wales.
Beauvais–Tillé Airport (Aéroport de Beauvais-Tillé), branded as Paris-Beauvais Airport, is an international airport near the city of Beauvais in the commune of Tillé in France.
Beauvechain Air Base is a Belgian Air Component military airfield in Belgium, located south of Beauvechain in Wallonia (Walloon Brabant Province); east-southeast of Brussels.
Beendorf is a municipality in the Börde district in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.
"Beer Barrel Polka", also known as "The Barrel Polka" and "Roll Out the Barrel", is a song which became popular worldwide during World War II.
Bees in Paradise is a 1944 British musical comedy film directed by Val Guest and starring Arthur Askey, Anne Shelton and Peter Graves.
Beeston is a suburb of Leeds, West Yorkshire, England located about 2 miles (3 km) south-south west of the city centre.
Beirne Lay Jr., (September 1, 1909 – May 26, 1982) was an American author, aviation writer, Hollywood screenwriter, and combat veteran of World War II with the U.S. Army Air Forces.
Beja Air Base (Base Aérea de Beja), designated as Air Base No.
Baheira Airfield is an abandoned military airfield complex in Libya, which is located about 19 Miles (30 km) Southeast of Ajdabiya, Libya.
The Belarusian Resistance during World War II opposed Nazi Germany from 1941 until 1944.
Belarusian resistance movement are the resistance movements on the territory of contemporary Belarus.
The Belfast Blitz consisted of four German air raids on strategic targets in the city of Belfast in Northern Ireland, in April and May 1941 during World War II, causing high casualties.
Sailortown was a working-class dockland community located in the docks area of Belfast, Northern Ireland.
Patrol vessel A4 (Patrouilleur A4) was a small operated by Belgium during the Second World War.
Despite being neutral at the start of World War II, Belgium and its colonial possessions found themselves at war after the country was invaded by German forces on 10 May 1940.
Belgooly is a village in County Cork, Ireland, located 4.6 kilometres to the north-east of Kinsale.
Belgrade (Beograd / Београд, meaning "White city",; names in other languages) is the capital and largest city of Serbia.
The Bell Aircraft Corporation was an aircraft manufacturer of the United States, a builder of several types of fighter aircraft for World War II but most famous for the Bell X-1, the first supersonic aircraft, and for the development and production of many important civilian and military helicopters.
The Bell H-13 Sioux was a single-engine single-rotor light helicopter built by Bell Helicopter.
The Bell P-63 Kingcobra is an American fighter aircraft developed by Bell Aircraft in World War II from the Bell P-39 Airacobra in an attempt to correct that aircraft's deficiencies.
Bembridge Lifeboat Station is an RNLI station located in the village of Bembridge in the English county and island of the Isle of Wight in the United Kingdom.
The Beneš-Mráz Be-50 Beta-Minor was a light airplane manufactured in Czechoslovakia shortly before World War II.
Benjamin Oliver Davis Jr. (December 18, 1912 – July 4, 2002) was an American United States Air Force general and commander of the World War II Tuskegee Airmen.
Hauptmann (Captain) Benno Fiala Ritter von Fernbrugg (16 June 1890 – 29 October 1964) was an Austro-Hungarian fighter ace with 28 victories to his credit during World War I. He was the third ranking ace of the Austro-Hungarian Empire.
The Benson class was a class of destroyers of the U.S. Navy built 1939–1943.
Bentley Kassal (born February 28, 1917) is an attorney and litigation counsel with Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom in New York City.
Major George Henry Benton Fletcher (22 October 1866 – 31 December 1944) was a collector of early keyboard instruments including virginals, clavichords, harpsichords, spinets and early pianos.
Berca Airfield is a former civil airport and military airfield, located in the Al Birkah suburb of Benghazi, Libya.
Bergen Airport, Sandviken (Bergen sjøflyplass, Sandviken) is a water airport and heliport situated in the Sandviken neighborhood of Bergen, Norway.
Bergen-Hohne Garrison was a major British garrison in the post-Cold War period, with facilities located close to Bergen at Lager Hohne, at Lager Oerbke near Fallingbostel and at Celle in Lower Saxony, Germany.
The Berkshire Royal Horse Artillery was a Territorial Force Royal Horse Artillery battery that was formed in Berkshire in 1908.
Berlevåg Airport (Berlevåg lufthavn) is a regional airport serving Berlevåg Municipality in Finnmark county, Norway.
The Berlin Blockade (24 June 1948–12 May 1949) was one of the first major international crises of the Cold War.
Bernard Holden MBE (15 March 1908 – 4 October 2012) was a twentieth century railway engineer and manager with Southern and British Railways and a founding father of standard gauge railway preservation in the United Kingdom.
Bernard Willson was a British linguist and noted academic, who during World War II was the first person to decrypt the Italian Navy Hagelin C-38 code machine.
Bernd Gallowitsch (23 February 1918 – 23 December 1983) was a German Luftwaffe ace and recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross during World War II.
Bernd von Brauchitsch (30 September 1911 - 19 December 1974) was a German aristocratic Luftwaffe colonel during World War II and adjutant to Reichsmarschall Hermann Göring.
Bernhard Jope (10 May 1914 – 31 July 1995) was a German bomber pilot during World War II.
Bernhard Vechtel (31 July 1920 – 21 August 1975) was a fighter pilot in the Luftwaffe of Nazi Germany during World War II.
Bernhard Woldenga (4 December 1901 – 19 January 1999) was a German pilot during World War II.
Herbert 'Bert' Christmas Lock (8 May 1903 – 19 May 1978) was an English cricketer and prominent groundsman.
Bert Stiles (August 30, 1920 - November 26, 1944) was an American author of short stories who was killed in action during World War II while serving as a fighter pilot in the US Army Air Forces.
Bernhard Carl "Bert" Trautmann OBE (22 October 1923 – 19 July 2013) was a German professional footballer who played as a goalkeeper for Manchester City from 1949 to 1964.
Bertie & Elizabeth is a 2002 television film produced by Carlton Television.
The Besson MB.411 was a French two-seat spotter and observation floatplane, designed by Besson.
Betty Knox (10 May 1906 – 25 January 1963) was an American dancer and journalist.
Between Two Rivers is the third novel by American author Nicholas Rinaldi, first published in 2004 by Harper Collins.
Biłgoraj (בילגאריי, Bilgoray, Білґорай) is a town in south-eastern Poland with about 27,100 inhabitants (2014).
Biblis is a community in the Bergstraße district in southern Hessen, Germany.
Big Week or Operation Argument was a sequence of raids by the United States Strategic Air Forces (USSTAF) from 20 to 25 February 1944, as part of the European strategic bombing campaign against Nazi Germany.
The Big Wing, also known as a Balbo, was an air fighting tactic proposed during the Battle of Britain by 12 Group commander Air Vice-Marshal Trafford Leigh-Mallory and Acting Squadron Leader Douglas Bader.
The Biographical Dictionary of the Extreme Right Since 1890 is a reference book by Philip Rees, on leading people in the various far right movements since 1890.
Birchwood is a civil parish in north east Warrington, Cheshire, England with a population of 11,395 (as at the 2001 census).
Birkenfeld is a town and the district seat of the Birkenfeld district in southwest Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany.
Birmingham is a city and metropolitan borough in the West Midlands, England, with an estimated population of 1,101,360, making it the second most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
The Birmingham Blitz was the heavy bombing by the Nazi German Luftwaffe of the city of Birmingham and surrounding towns in central England, beginning on 9 August 1940 and ending on 23 April 1943.
The Birmingham Rifles, was a volunteer unit of the British Army founded in Birmingham in 1859.
The Birmingham Small Arms Company Limited (BSA) was a major British industrial combine, a group of businesses manufacturing military and sporting firearms; bicycles; motorcycles; cars; buses and bodies; steel; iron castings; hand, power, and machine tools; coal cleaning and handling plants; sintered metals; and hard chrome process.
Birtley is a town in the Metropolitan Borough of Gateshead, in Tyne and Wear, England.
The Bishop of Coventry is the Ordinary of the England Diocese of Coventry in the Province of Canterbury.
Bishopbriggs is a town in East Dunbartonshire, Scotland.
Bishopstone railway station is on the western side of the town of Seaford, East Sussex, England.
The Bitburg controversy involved a ceremonial visit by U.S. President Ronald Reagan to a German military cemetery in Bitburg, a town in extreme western Germany near the border with Luxembourg, in May 1985, designed to commemorate the end of World War II in Europe 40 years earlier.
The Biuro Szyfrów (Polish for "Cipher Bureau") was the interwar Polish General Staff's Second Department's unit charged with SIGINT and both cryptography (the use of ciphers and codes) and cryptanalysis (the study of ciphers and codes, for the purpose of "breaking" them).
The Bordkanone 3,7 (BK 3,7) (on-board cannon 3.7) was a anti-tank/bomber autocannon based on the earlier Flak 18 made by Rheinmetall.
On 9 February 1945, a force of Allied Bristol Beaufighter aircraft suffered many losses, during an attack on the German destroyer ''Z33'' and its escorting vessels; the operation was called "'Black Friday'" by the Allied survivors.
The Black Prince-class ships of the line were a class of four 74-gun third rates built for the Royal Navy in the closing years of the Napoleonic War.
Black Thursday is a term used to refer to negative events which occurred on a Thursday.
Blake Hall is a country house and gardens in the village and civil parish of Bobbingworth, near Chipping Ongar, Essex.
Blankenese is a suburban quarter in the borough of Altona in the western part of Hamburg, Germany; until 1938 it was an independent municipality in Holstein.
Blazing Angels: Squadrons of WWII is a flight combat video game for Microsoft Windows, Xbox, Xbox 360, PlayStation 3 and Wii.
Bletchley Park was the central site for British (and subsequently, Allied) codebreakers during World War II.
Blitz Wolf is an early anti-German World War II Hitler-parodying cartoon produced in 1942 by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer and distributed by Loew's.
Blitzkrieg (German, "lightning war") is a method of warfare whereby an attacking force, spearheaded by a dense concentration of armoured and motorised or mechanised infantry formations with close air support, breaks through the opponent's line of defence by short, fast, powerful attacks and then dislocates the defenders, using speed and surprise to encircle them with the help of air superiority.
The Bloch MB.130 and its derivatives were a series of French monoplane reconnaissance-bombers developed during the 1930s.
The Bloch MB.150 (later MB.151 to MB.157) was a French low-wing monoplane fighter aircraft developed and produced by Société des Avions Marcel Bloch.
The Bloch MB.162 was a French four-engine, long-range bomber developed by Société des Avions Marcel Bloch in the late 1930s.
The Bloch MB.170 and its family of derivatives were French reconnaissance bombers designed and built shortly before World War II.
The MB.200 was a French bomber aircraft of the 1930s designed and built by Societé des Avions Marcel Bloch.
A block heater warms an engine to increase the chances that the engine will start as well as warm up the vehicle faster than it normally would in extremely cold weather.
The Blockade of Germany (1939–1945), also known as the Economic War, was carried out during World War II by the United Kingdom and France in order to restrict the supplies of minerals, metals, food and textiles needed by Nazi Germany - and later Fascist Italy - in order to sustain their war efforts.
The Blockhaus d'Éperlecques (Bunker of Éperlecques, also referred to as "the Watten bunker" or simply "Watten") is a Second World War bunker, now part of a museum, near Saint-Omer in the northern Pas-de-Calais ''département'' of France, and only some 14.4 kilometers (8.9 miles) north-northwest from the more developed La Coupole V-2 launch facility, in the same general area.
The Blohm & Voss BV 138 Seedrache (Sea Dragon), but nicknamed Der Fliegende Holzschuh ("flying clog",Nowarra 1997, original German title of the Schiffer book. from the side-view shape of its fuselage) was a World War II German trimotor flying boat that served as the Luftwaffes main seaborne long-range maritime patrol and naval reconnaissance aircraft.
The Blohm & Voss BV 141 was a World War II German tactical reconnaissance aircraft.
The Blohm & Voss BV 143 was an early prototype rocket-assisted glide bomb developed by the German Luftwaffe during World War II.
The Blohm & Voss BV 155 was a German high-altitude interceptor aircraft intended to be used by the Luftwaffe against raids by USAAF Boeing B-29 Superfortresses.
The Blohm & Voss BV 222 Wiking (German: "Viking") was a large, six-engined German flying boat of World War II.
The Blohm & Voss Ha 139 was a German all-metal inverted gull wing floatplane.
The Blohm & Voss Ha 142 was a German four-engined long-distance monoplane, developed to meet a Luft Hansa requirement for its transatlantic airmail service.
The Blohm & Voss Bv P 188 was a long-range, heavy jet bomber design project by the Blohm & Voss aircraft manufacturing division during the last years of the Third Reich.
The Blohm & Voss P 211 was a design proposal submitted by Blohm & Voss to the Volksjäger jet fighter competition of the Luftwaffe Emergency Fighter Program towards the end of the Second World War.
The Blohm & Voss P 212 was a proposed jet fighter designed by Blohm & Voss for the Emergency Fighter Program Luftwaffe design competition during the Second World War.
The Blohm & Voss P 213 was a submission to the Miniaturjäger (Miniature Fighter) programme of the Luftwaffe Emergency Fighter Program towards the end of the Second World War.
The Blohm & Voss P215 was an advanced jet night fighter project by Blohm & Voss during the Second World War.
The Blomberg–Fritsch affair, also known as the Blomberg–Fritsch crisis (German: Blomberg–Fritsch–Krise), was two related scandals in early 1938 that resulted in the subjugation of the German Armed Forces (Wehrmacht) to dictator Adolf Hitler.
Bloody Sunday (Bromberger Blutsonntag; Krwawa niedziela) was a sequence of events that took place in Bydgoszcz (Bromberg), a Polish city with a sizable German minority, between 3 and 4 September 1939, immediately after the German invasion of Poland.
Blumenau is a city in Vale do Itajaí, state of Santa Catarina, in the South Region of Brazil.
BMARC (British Manufacture and Research Company) was a UK-based firm designing and producing defence products, particularly aircraft cannon and naval anti-aircraft cannon.
BMW (Bayerische Motoren Werke in German, or Bavarian Motor Works in English) is a German multinational company which currently produces luxury automobiles and motorcycles, and also produced aircraft engines until 1945.
The BMW 132 was a nine-cylinder radial aircraft engine produced by BMW starting in 1933.
The BMW 801 was a powerful German air-cooled 14-cylinder-radial aircraft engine built by BMW and used in a number of German Luftwaffe aircraft of World War II.
The BMW R32 was the first motorcycle produced by BMW under the BMW name.
BOAC Flight 777-A was a scheduled British Overseas Airways Corporation civilian airline flight from Portela Airport in Lisbon, Portugal to Whitchurch Airport near Bristol, England.
Robert Paisley OBE (23 January 1919 – 14 February 1996) was an English footballer and manager who spent almost fifty years with Liverpool as a wing half, physiotherapist, coach and manager.
Robert Harry Doherty Rogers (7 November 1921 – 3 June 2000) was a Chief of the South African Air Force.
Robert Henry Maxwell (Bobby) Gibbes, (6 May 1916 – 11 April 2007) was a leading Australian fighter ace of World War II, and the longest-serving wartime commanding officer of No. 3 Squadron RAAF.
Bochum (Westphalian: Baukem) is a city in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany and part of the Arnsberg region.
Bodø (Bådåddjo) is a town and a municipality in Nordland county, Norway.
Bodø Airport (Bodø lufthavn) is a civil airport in Bodø, Norway.
Bodø Air Station (Bodø hovedflystasjon) is a military airbase of the Royal Norwegian Air Force (RNoAF) located at Bodø, Norway.
The Boeing Model 247 was an early United States airliner, considered the first such aircraft to fully incorporate advances such as all-metal (anodized aluminium) semimonocoque construction, a fully cantilevered wing and retractable landing gear.
The Mediterranean Theater of Operations (MTO) was the second-largest user of the B-17 Flying Fortress during World War II.
Bolesławek is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Żabia Wola, within Grodzisk Mazowiecki County, Masovian Voivodeship, in east-central Poland.
Bolków (Bolkenhain) is a town in Jawor County, Lower Silesian Voivodeship, in south-western Poland.
Bomb disposal is the process by which hazardous explosive devices are rendered safe.
A bomb suit, Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD) suit or a blast suit is a heavy suit of body armor designed to withstand the pressure generated by a bomb and any fragments the bomb may produce.
Bombardier is a 1943 film war drama about the training program for bombardiers of the United States Army Air Forces.
Bomber is a novel by Len Deighton and published in the United Kingdom in 1970.
Bomber B was a German military aircraft design competition organised just before the start of World War II to develop a second-generation high-speed bomber for the Luftwaffe.
Bomber Command is an organisational military unit, generally subordinate to the air force of a country.
The Bomber Mafia were a close-knit group of American military men who believed that long-range heavy bomber aircraft in large numbers were able to win a war.
The bomber stream was a saturation attack tactic developed by the Royal Air Force (RAF) Bomber Command to overwhelm the night time German aerial defences of the Kammhuber Line during World War II.
Berlin, the capital of Nazi Germany, was subject to 363 air raids during the Second World War.
The Bucharest World War II bombings were primarily Allied bombings of railroad targets and those of the Oil Campaign of World War II, but included a bombing by Nazi Germany after the royal coup.
The German city of Cologne was bombed in 262 separate air raids at www.koelnarchitektur.de "Internet portal for the architecture of Cologne".
The bombing of Dresden was a British/American aerial bombing attack on the city of Dresden, the capital of the German state of Saxony, during World War II in the European Theatre.
The first bombing of Dublin in World War II occurred early on the morning of 2 January 1941, when German bombs were dropped on the Terenure area of south Dublin.
The Bombing of Frampol occurred during the German invasion of Poland in 1939.
The German city of Freiburg was bombed erroneously on 10 May 1940 by the Luftwaffe, killing 57 inhabitants.
The German city of Friedrichshafen was bombed during World War II as part of the Allied strategic bombing campaign against German war materiel industry, particularly in the targeting of German fighter aircraft production and long range missile development.
The bombing of Gorky (now known as Nizhny Novgorod) by the Luftwaffe continued from 1941 to 1943 in the Eastern Front theatre of World War II.
The bombing of Guernica (26 April 1937) was an aerial bombing of the Basque town of Guernica during the Spanish Civil War.
The Bombing of Hannover was a series of eighty-eight air raids by RAF Bomber Command and the United States Army Air Forces on the German city of Hannover during World War II.
During World War II, the city of Lübeck was the first German city to be attacked in substantial numbers by the Royal Air Force.
The bombing of Ludwigshafen and Oppau in World War II attacked several strategic targets in the area, including targets of the Oil Campaign of World War II.
As the main economic and industrial center in Italy, and the country’s second largest city, Milan was subjected to heavy bombing during World War II, being the most bombed city in Northern Italy and one of the most bombed cities in the country.
The Bombing of Nijmegen (22 February 1944) was an unplanned aerial bombing raid by the United States Army Air Forces on the city of Nijmegen in the Netherlands, then occupied by Nazi Germany.
The Allies bombed Nordhausen during World War II in a series of strategic attacks against targets in the Nordhausen district and city.
During the latter stages of World War II, Pforzheim, a town in southwestern Germany, was bombed a number of times.
The bombing of Romania in World War II comprised two series of events: until August 1944, Allied operations, and, following the overthrow of Ion Antonescu's dictatorship, operations by Nazi Germany.
The Bulgarian capital of Sofia suffered a series of Allied bombing raids during World War II, from late 1943 to early 1944.
Stalingrad, a Soviet city and industrial centre on the river Volga, was bombed heavily by the Luftwaffe during the Battle of Stalingrad in World War II.
The bombing of Stuttgart in World War II was a series of 53 air raids that formed part of the strategic air offensive of the Allies against Germany.
The German Luftwaffe and Soviet Long Range Aviation bombed the Estonian capital Tallinn several times during World War II.
The city of Vienna in Austria was bombed 52 times during World War II, and 87,000 houses of the city were lost (20% of the entire city).
The Bombing of Warsaw in World War II refers to the bombing campaign of Warsaw by the German Luftwaffe during the siege of Warsaw in the invasion of Poland in 1939.
The Bombing of Würzburg in World War II was part of the strategic bombing campaign by the Allies against Nazi Germany.
The bombing of Wieluń comprised air raids on the Polish town of Wieluń by Germany's Luftwaffe (air force) on 1 September 1939.
Wiener Neustadt, a city in Austria, was the target of bombing raids during World War II by the Allies.
The bombing of Zadar (Zara) during the Second World War by the Allies lasted from November 1943 to October 1944.
A bombsight is a device used by military aircraft to accurately drop bombs.
Bootle (pronounced) is a town in the Metropolitan Borough of Sefton, Merseyside, England, which in 2001 had a population of 98,449.
Bootsmannsmaat, short BtsmMaat/BMT (en Boatswain`s mate), was in the Austro-Hungarian Navy (1786-1918) so-called enlisted rang (OR4) and in the Imperial German Navy a non-commissioned officer (NCO) OR5-rank.
Borów (Birkholz) is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Świebodzin, within Świebodzin County, Lubusz Voivodeship, in western Poland.
Bordeaux Aéronautique (BA) was a French aeronautic company founded during the German occupation of France in World War II, on 17 March 1939, by Marcel Bloch, André Curvale, Henri Deplante and Claude de Cambronne.
Embarked Air Group 196 (Bordfliegergruppe 196), was a unit of the German Air Force founded in 1937 and disbanded in 1945.
Bordon and Longmoor Military Camps are British Army training camps and training area close to the A3 and A325 roads in and around the settlements of Bordon, Longmoor, Liss and Liphook in Hampshire, England.
Boris Leonidovich Pasternak (|p|æ|s|t|ər|ˌ|n|æ|k) (29 January 1890 - 30 May 1960) was a Soviet Russian poet, novelist, and literary translator.
Boston High School, also known as Boston High School for Girls, is a selective grammar school and sixth form college for girls aged 11 to 18 in Boston, Lincolnshire, England.
The Boulton Paul Defiant was a British interceptor aircraft that served with the Royal Air Force (RAF) during World War II.
A bouncing bomb is a bomb designed to bounce to a target across water in a calculated manner to avoid obstacles such as torpedo nets, and to allow both the bomb's speed on arrival at the target and the timing of its detonation to be pre-determined, in a similar fashion to a regular naval depth charge.
Bound Skerry is part of the Out Skerries group in the Shetland Islands.
Boy Lornsen (7 August 1922 - 26 July 1995) was a German sculptor and author of children's literature, writing both in Standard German and in Platt.
Bradford Odeon is the name applied to two different cinemas in central Bradford, West Yorkshire, England.
The Bradford Rifles was a Volunteer unit of the British Army formed in 1859.
Bram van der Stok, (13 October 1915 – 8 February 1993), also known as Bob van der Stok, was a World War II fighter pilot and flying ace, and is the most decorated aviator in Dutch history.
Brand-Briesen Airfield is a redeveloped military air base located at Briesen/Brand, part of Halbe in Dahme-Spreewald, Brandenburg, Germany, about south-southeast of Berlin.
Brandenburg an der Havel is a town in Brandenburg, Germany, which served as the capital of the Margraviate of Brandenburg until replaced by Berlin in 1417.
The Brandenburgers (Brandenburger) were members of the Brandenburg German special forces unit during World War II.
Special Constable Brandon Moss GC (5 June 1909 – 9 August 1999) was awarded the George Cross for his "superhuman efforts and utter disregard for personal injury" while with the Coventry Constabulary during World War II.
Wing Commander Bransome Arthur "Branse" Burbridge, (4 February 1921 – 1 November 2016) was a Royal Air Force (RAF) night fighter pilot and flying ace—a pilot credited with at least five enemy aircraft destroyed—who holds the Allied record of 21 aerial victories achieved at night during the Second World War.
Brétigny-sur-Orge Air Base (Base aérienne 217 Bretigny-Sur-Orge) is a French Air Force Armée de l'Air (ALA) base.
"Break" is the third episode of the third series of British television sitcom, Bottom.
The Breda Ba.88 Lince (Italian: Lynx) was a ground-attack aircraft used by the Italian Regia Aeronautica during World War II.
The Breguet Br.521 Bizerte was a long-range military reconnaissance flying boat built by the French aviation company Breguet.
Bremen Airport Hans Koschnick (German: Flughafen Bremen)) is the international airport of the city and state of Bremen in Northern Germany. It is located south of the city and handled 2.66 million passengers in 2015. It mainly features flights to European metropolitan and leisure destinations and serves as a base for Germania and Ryanair.
Bremerhaven Army Airfield is a former military airfield, located 4.1 km northeast of Bremerhaven in the Bremen Free State of Germany.
Brian John George Carbury, (27 February 1918 – 31 July 1961) was a New Zealand fighter ace of the Royal Air Force during the Second World War.
Brian Moore (25 August 1921 – 11 January 1999), who has been described as "one of the few genuine masters of the contemporary novel", was a novelist and screenwriter from Northern Ireland who emigrated to Canada and later lived in the United States.
Brian Julian Warry Stonehouse MBE (29 August 1918 – 2 December 1998) was a British painter and Special Operations Executive agent during World War II.
From 1933 to the end of the Second World War, high-ranking officers of the Armed Forces of Nazi Germany accepted vast bribes in the form of cash, estates, and tax exemptions in exchange for their loyalty to Nazism.
Bridgend (Pen-y-bont ar Ogwr (Pen-y-bont), meaning "the end (or head) of the bridge on the Ogmore") is a town in Bridgend County Borough in Wales, west of the capital Cardiff and east of Swansea.
The brigantine Yankee was a steel hulled schooner, originally constructed by Nordseewerke, Emden, Germany as the Emden, renamed Duhnen, 1919.
The Brighton Blitz refers to the bombing of Brighton by the Nazi German Luftwaffe during the second world war.
Bristol is a city and county in South West England with a population of 456,000.
Bristol (Whitchurch) Airport, also known as Whitchurch Airport, was a municipal airport in Bristol, England, three miles (5 km) south of the city centre, from 1930 to 1957.
Bristol Airport, located at Lulsgate Bottom in North Somerset, is the commercial airport serving the city of Bristol, England, and the surrounding area.
The Bristol Type 156 Beaufighter (often referred to simply as the "Beau") is a multi-role aircraft developed during the Second World War by the Bristol Aeroplane Company in the United Kingdom.
The Bristol Blitz was the heavy bombing of Bristol, England by the Nazi German Luftwaffe during the Second World War.
The Bristol Type 171 Sycamore was an early helicopter developed and built by the helicopter division of the Bristol Aeroplane Company.
Bristol Tramways operated in the city of Bristol, England from 1875, when the Bristol Tramways Company was formed by Sir George White, until 1941 when a Luftwaffe bomb destroyed the main power supply cables.
British Air Forces in France was an RAF Command set up on 15 January 1940 under the command of Air Marshal Arthur Barratt to provide unified control of all RAF units based in France.
British anti-invasion preparations of the Second World War entailed a large-scale division of military and civilian mobilisation in response to the threat of invasion by German armed forces in 1940 and 1941.
Britain's commando frogman force is now the Special Boat Service (SBS), whose members are drawn largely from the Royal Marines.
The British Commonwealth Air Training Plan (BCATP), or Empire Air Training Scheme (EATS) often referred to as simply "The Plan", was a massive, joint military aircrew training program created by the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia and New Zealand, during the Second World War.
When the United Kingdom declared war on Nazi Germany at the outset of World War II it controlled to varying degrees numerous crown colonies, protectorates and the Indian Empire.
British European Airways (BEA), formally British European Airways Corporation, was a British airline which existed from 1946 until 1974.
The British Expeditionary Force (BEF) was the name of the British Army in Western Europe during the Second World War from 2 September 1939 when the BEF GHQ was formed until 31 May 1940, when GHQ closed down.
Merchant seamen crewed the merchant ships of the British Merchant Navy which kept the United Kingdom supplied with raw materials, arms, ammunition, fuel, food and all of the necessities of a nation at war throughout World War II literally enabling the country to defend itself.
The British occupation of the Faroe Islands in World War II, also known as Operation Valentine, was implemented immediately following the German invasion of Denmark and Norway.
British Overseas Airways Corporation (BOAC) was the British state-owned airline created in 1940 by the merger of Imperial Airways and British Airways Ltd.
British shadow factories were the outcome of the Shadow Scheme, a plan devised in 1935 and developed by the British Government in the buildup to World War II to try to meet the urgent need for more aircraft using technology transfer from the motor industry to implement additional manufacturing capacity.
British Tanker Company Limited was the maritime transport arm of the Anglo-Persian Oil Company, the forerunner of BP.
Brockworth is a village in Gloucestershire, England, situated on the old Roman road that connects the City of Gloucester with Barnwood, Hucclecote and Cirencester.
Broitzem is a Stadtbezirk (city district) in the south-western part of Braunschweig, Germany.
The Brothers von Blücher (Gebrüder von Blücher) were a trio of German brothers and paratroopers of the Luftwaffe who were killed in combat within hours of each other on 21 May 1941 during the Battle of Crete.
Brownsea Island (also archaically known as Branksea) is the largest of the islands in Poole Harbour in the county of Dorset, England.
Fliegerhorst Brumowski (Brumowski Air Base) is an Austrian Air Force (Österreichische Luftstreitkräfte) base located approximately east-southeast of Tulln; about northwest of Vienna.
Bruno Bräuer (4 February 1893 – 20 May 1947) was a general in the paratroop forces of Nazi Germany during World War II.
Bruno Brivonesi (July 16, 1886 – 1970) was an Italian admiral during World War II.
Colonel General Bruno Loerzer (22 January 1891 – 23 August 1960) was a German air force officer during both World War I and World War II.
Bruno Lohse (17 September 1911 – 19 March 2007) was a German art dealer and SS-Hauptsturmführer who, during World War II, became the chief art looter in Paris for Hermann Göring, helping the Nazi leader amass a vast collection of plundered artworks.
Brussels Airport (also called Brussel-Nationaal / Bruxelles-National (Brussels-National) or Zaventem) is an international airport northeast of Brussels, the capital of Belgium.
Brutalist architecture flourished from 1951 to 1975, having descended from the modernist architectural movement of the early 20th century.
The BSA M20 was a British motorcycle made by Birmingham Small Arms Company (BSA) at their factory in Small Heath, Birmingham.
Bucharest (București) is the capital and largest city of Romania, as well as its cultural, industrial, and financial centre.
Buckley (Bwcle) is a town and community in Flintshire, north-east Wales, from the county town of Mold and contiguous with the villages of Ewloe, Alltami and Mynydd Isa.
Clarence Emil "Bud" Anderson (born January 13, 1922) is a retired officer in the United States Air Force and a triple ace of World War II.
The buildings and architecture of Bath, a city in Somerset in the south west of England, reveal significant examples of the architecture of England, from the Roman Baths (including their significant Celtic presence), to the present day.
Buile Hill Park is a Grade II listed public park and hall in Seedley, Salford, Greater Manchester, England.
Bulevar kralja Aleksandra (Булевар краља Александра; meaning "King Aleksandar Boulevard" or "Boulevard of King Aleksandar") is the longest street entirely within the urban limits of Serbian capital Belgrade, with length of 7.5 kilometers.
The Bulford Kiwi is a large depiction of a kiwi, carved in the chalk on Beacon Hill above the military town of Bulford on Salisbury Plain in Wiltshire, England.
The Bulgarian Naval Aviation is the naval air wing of the Bulgarian Navy.
, also known as Via Carolina (between Nuremberg and the Czech border continuing to Prague) is a 477 km (296.4 mi) long German autobahn.
The Bundeswehr Technical and Airworthiness Center for Aircraft (Wehrtechnische Dienststelle für Luftfahrzeuge - Musterprüfwesen für Luftfahrtgerät der Bundeswehr) or (Wehrtechnische Dienststelle 61 (WTD 61)) is one of several testing centres of the German Armed Forces.
Burnage Academy for Boys (formerly known as Burnage High School) is a secondary school with academy status, located in Burnage, Manchester, England.
Burnbank is an area in the town of Hamilton, South Lanarkshire, Scotland.
Byfleet is a village in Surrey, England.
The C class was a group of twenty-eight light cruisers of the Royal Navy, and were built in a sequence of seven groups known as the Caroline class (six ships), the Calliope class (two ships), the Cambrian class (four ships), the Centaur class (two ships), the Caledon class (four ships), the Ceres class (five ships) and the Carlisle class (five ships).
A cadet is a trainee.
Squadron Leader Caesar Barrand Hull, DFC (26 February 1914 – 7 September 1940) was a Royal Air Force (RAF) flying ace during the Second World War, noted especially for his part in the fighting for Narvik during the Norwegian Campaign in 1940, and for being one of "The Few"—the Allied pilots of the Battle of Britain, in which he was shot down and killed.
Caesar von Hofacker (sometimes Cäsar) (2 March 1896 – 20 December 1944) was a German Luftwaffe Lieutenant Colonel and member of the 20 July plot against Adolf Hitler.
Calcium permanganate is an oxidizing agent and chemical compound with the chemical formula Ca(MnO4)2.
Call of Duty is a first-person shooter video game developed by Infinity Ward and published by Activision.
Calvin Bryce Hoover (April 14, 1897 – June 23, 1974) was a noted economist and professor.
CAM ships were World War II-era British merchant ships used in convoys as an emergency stop-gap until sufficient escort carriers became available.
Camber Castle, also known formerly as Winchelsea Castle, is a 16th-century Device Fort, built near Rye by King Henry VIII to protect the Sussex coast of England against French attack.
Cambrai (Kimbré; Kamerijk; historically in English Camerick and Camericke) is a commune in the Nord department and in the Hauts-de-France region of France on the Scheldt river, which is known locally as the Escaut river.
Camouflage is the use of any combination of materials, coloration, or illumination for concealment, either by making animals or objects hard to see (crypsis), or by disguising them as something else (mimesis).
Camp Grohn was a military base of the U.S. Army on the outskirts of Bremen, Germany after the end of World War II from 1945 to 1954.
Campile ((officially spelt Ceann Poill)) is a small village situated in the south of County Wexford, Ireland.
The Gregor FDB-1 was a Canadian biplane fighter, designed in 1938 by Michael Gregor and manufactured by Canadian Car and Foundry.
Canal safety gates or canal air raid protection gates are structures that were installed on canals specifically to reduce or prevent flood damage to dwellings, factories, etc.
The Cannock Chase German Military Cemetery is on Cannock Chase, Staffordshire, England.
A cannon (plural: cannon or cannons) is a type of gun classified as artillery that launches a projectile using propellant.
Cannon Street station, also known as London Cannon Street, is a central London railway terminus and connected London Underground station in Travelcard zone 1 located on Cannon Street in the City of London and managed by Network Rail.
The CANT Z.1007 Alcione (Kingfisher) was a three-engined medium bomber, with wooden structure.
The CANT Z.506 Airone (Italian: Heron) was a triple-engine floatplane produced by CANT from 1935.
The Caproni Ca.313 was an Italian twin-engine reconnaissance bomber of the late-1930s.
The Caproni Ca.331 Raffica ("Gust of Wind" or "Fire Burst") was an Italian aircraft built by Caproni in the early 1940s as a tactical reconnaissance aircraft/light bomber and also as a night fighter.
The Captain class was the designation given to 78 frigates of the Royal Navy, constructed in the United States of America, launched in 1942–1943 and delivered to the United Kingdom under the provisions of the Lend-Lease agreement (under which the United States of America supplied the United Kingdom and other Allied nations with materiel between 1941 and 1945).
The Capture of Arendal occurred on 9 April 1940 and saw the German torpedo boat ''Greif'' land a force of bicycle troops and seize an invasion beachhead at the Norwegian port town of Arendal.
The Capture of Banja Koviljača (1–6 September 1941) was a long battle fought by allied forces of Chetnik Detachments of the Yugoslav Army (Chetniks) with Yugoslav Partisans against German forces. On 1 September 1941, the allies attacked German soldiers who were garrisoned in an outpost at Banja Koviljača. This was the beginning of the hostilities of the April war. The Battle of Koviljača reflected skillful command by leaders of the uprising in Serbia.Jončić K. Ekonomska politika 1971 p42. "Борбе око Ковиљаче показале су да српски устанички покрет располаже добрим вођством.".
The Capture of Egersund took place on 9 April 1940, and saw German soldiers of a bicycle squadron land at the Norwegian port town of Egersund, as part of the German invasion of Norway during the Second World War.
Cardiff Arms Park (Parc yr Arfau Caerdydd), also known as The Arms Park and the BT Sport Cardiff Arms Park for sponsorship reasons from September 2014, is situated in the centre of Cardiff, Wales.
The Cardiff Blitz refers to the bombing of Cardiff, Wales during World War II.
Cardiff Docks is a port in southern Cardiff, Wales.
Carinhall was the country residence of Hermann Göring.
Carl "Charly" Degelow (5 January 1891 – 9 November 1970) Pour le Merite, Royal House Order of Hohenzollern,The Aerodrome websites' page on the Hohenzollern Order http://www.theaerodrome.com/medals/germany/prussia_rhoh.php?pageNum_recipients.
Count Carl Gustaf Ericsson von Rosen (August 19, 1909 – July 13, 1977) was a Swedish pioneer aviator, humanitarian, and mercenary pilot.
Carl Hans Lody, alias Charles A. Inglis (20 January 1877 – 6 November 1914; name occasionally given as Karl Hans Lody), was a reserve officer of the Imperial German Navy who spied in the United Kingdom in the first few months of the First World War.
Carl von Ossietzky (3 October 1889 – 4 May 1938) was a German pacifist and the recipient of the 1935 Nobel Peace Prize for his work in exposing the clandestine German re-armament.
Generalmajor Carl-Alfred (August) SchumacherSome sources refer to him as Carl-August Schumacher (19 February 1896, Rheine – 22 May 1967, Bad Godesberg) was a German military officer and politician.
Major General Carl-August von Schoenebeck began his career in the Baden Leib-Grenadier Regiment in 1915.
Carl-Heinz Greve (17 October 1920 – 21 May 1998) was a German general in the Bundeswehr.
Carnforth MPD (Motive Power Depot) is a former LMS railway depot located in the town of Carnforth, Lancashire.
Carpet bombing, also known as saturation bombing, is a large aerial bombing done in a progressive manner to inflict damage in every part of a selected area of land.
Casa Nouă (Romanian for The New House) was a villa in Bucharest, Romania, used as a Royal residence.
Case Blue (Fall Blau), later named Operation Braunschweig, was the German Armed Forces' (Wehrmacht) name for its plan for the 1942 strategic summer offensive in southern Russia between 28 June and 24 November 1942, during World War II.
Case White (Fall Weiss), also known as the Fourth Enemy Offensive (Četvrta neprijateljska ofenziva/ofanziva) was a combined Axis strategic offensive launched against the Yugoslav Partisans throughout occupied Yugoslavia during World War II.
Castelvetrano Airfield is a decommissioned World War II military airfield in Sicily which is located approximately 1 km southwest of Castelvetrano.
The Castle Cinema is a former cinema building located adjacent to the grounds of Swansea Castle in Swansea, south Wales.
Castle Park (sometimes referred to as Castle Green) is a public open space in Bristol, England, managed by Bristol City Council.
Castlehead is a district of Paisley in Scotland.
The Cathedral of Light or Lichtdom was a main aesthetic feature of the Nazi Party rallies in Nuremberg from 1934 to 1938.
The Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception of the Holy Virgin Mary is a neo-Gothic Roman Catholic Church at Moscow's center, that serves as the cathedral of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Moscow.
Catholic resistance to Nazism was a component of German resistance to Nazism and of Resistance during World War II.
Cato Bontjes van Beek (14 November 1920 – 5 August 1943) was a German member of the Resistance against the Nazi regime.
The Caudron C.440 Goéland ("seagull") was a six-seat twin-engine utility aircraft developed in France in the mid-1930s.
The Caudron Simoun was a 1930s French four-seat touring monoplane.
Dame Celia Elizabeth Johnson, (18 December 1908 – 26 April 1982) was an English actress, known for her roles in the films In Which We Serve (1942), This Happy Breed (1944), Brief Encounter (1945) and The Captain's Paradise (1953).
Celle Air Base German: Heeresflugplatz Celle is a military airbase of the German Army.
The Celle–Wittingen railway is a line belonging to the East Hanoverian Railways (Osthannoversche Eisenbahnen or OHE).
Celone/San Nicola d'Arpi Airfield is an abandoned World War II military airfield in Italy.
Chaff, originally called Window by the British and Düppel by the Second World War era German Luftwaffe (from the Berlin suburb where it was first developed), is a radar countermeasure in which aircraft or other targets spread a cloud of small, thin pieces of aluminium, metallized glass fibre or plastic, which either appears as a cluster of primary targets on radar screens or swamps the screen with multiple returns.
Chain Home, or CH for short, was the codename for the ring of coastal Early Warning radar stations built by the Royal Air Force (RAF) before and during the Second World War to detect and track aircraft.
Chain Home Low (CHL) was the name of a British early warning radar system operated by the RAF during World War II.
Chance Brothers and Company was a glassworks originally based in Spon Lane, Smethwick, West Midlands (formerly in Staffordshire), in England.
The Channel Dash or Unternehmen Zerberus (Operation Cerberus) was a German naval operation during World War II.
Chanoch (Heinich) Gad Justman or Henoch God or Yustman (1883–1942) The 2nd Piltzer Rebbe.
Air Chief Marshal Sir Charles Stuart Burnett, (3 April 1882 – 9 April 1945) was a senior commander in the Royal Air Force during the first half of the 20th century.
Charles Fraser-Smith (26 January 1904 – 9 November 1992) was an author and one-time missionary who is widely credited as being the inspiration for Ian Fleming's James Bond quartermaster Q. During World War II, Fraser-Smith worked for the Ministry of Supply, fabricating equipment nicknamed "Q-devices" (after Q-ships) for SOE agents operating in occupied Europe.
Charles Henry Holden Litt.D, FRIBA, MRTPI, RDI (12 May 1875 – 1 May 1960) was a Bolton-born English architect best known for designing many London Underground stations during the 1920s and 1930s, for Bristol Central Library, the Underground Electric Railways Company of London's headquarters at 55 Broadway and for the University of London's Senate House.
Charles E. McGee (born December 7, 1919) is a retired African-American fighter pilot who was one of the Tuskegee Airmen and a career officer in the United States Air Force for 30 years who flew a total of 409 combat missions in World War II, Korea and Vietnam.
Charles Marcel Poser was an American neurologist.
Charles Curnow Scherf, (17 May 1917 – 13 July 1949) was an Australian flying ace of the Second World War.
Charley Boorman (born 23 August 1966) is an English TV presenter, travel writer and actor.
The Charlie Brown and Franz Stigler incident occurred on 20 December 1943, when, after a successful bomb run on Bremen, 2nd Lt Charles "Charlie" Brown's B-17 Flying Fortress (named "Ye Olde Pub") was severely damaged by German fighters.
Chartres – Champhol Aerodrome (Aérodrome de Chartres - Champhol) is an airport serving Chartres and Champhol, in the Eure-et-Loir department in north-central France.
The Château de Baronville is located between Paris and Chartres in France near the town of Béville-le-Comte, Eure-et-Loir.
Châteaudun Air Base (Base aérienne 279 Châteaudun) was a French Air Force (Armée de l'Air base, until 1934 and 2014. The base was located approximately southeast of Châteaudun; about southwest of Paris. It is currently an airfield rattached to Orléans – Bricy Air Base. The base is primarily used for aircraft storage and ferrying them to other squadrons of the Air Force. Entrepot de l'Armee de l'Air 601 was assigned to perform this mission. Each French Air Force squadron stores some of its planes for a while thereby artificially prolong the life of the fleet and better material management. The EAA also has the task of storing new aircraft to be used in time of war. To fulfill its mission, the EAA has the Group Maintenance, repair and storage of aircraft (GERS). A SAN Jodel D.140 Mousquetaire training aircraft is assigned to the base for courier duties.
Chelmsford is the principal settlement of the City of Chelmsford district, and the county town of Essex, in the East of England.
Cherbourg Naval Base is a naval base in Cherbourg Harbour, Cherbourg, Manche department, Normandy.
Major General Chesley G. Peterson (August 10, 1920 – January 28, 1990) was a career officer in the United States Air Force, and a flying ace of the United States Army Air Forces (USAAF) in World War II.
Chessington is an area in the Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames within Greater London.
Chièvres Air Base is a United States Air Force operated airfield located east southeast of the Walloon town of Chièvres in the province of Hainaut, Belgium and about from Headquarters, Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe (SHAPE), in Casteau.
Chiselhampton is a village on the River Thame about southeast of Oxford in Oxfordshire, England.
Chislehurst and Sidcup Grammar School is a mixed-sex grammar school with academy status located in Hurst Road (A222), Sidcup in the London Borough of Bexley, England.
Chkalovsk (Чкаловск) is a residential area in Tsentralny District of Kaliningrad, Russia.
Chojna (Königsberg in der Neumark; Czińsbarg; Regiomontanus Neomarchicus "King's Mountain in (the) New March") is a small town in western Poland in the West Pomeranian Voivodeship.
Choszczno (Arnswalde) is a town (population around 16,173) in West Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland.
Christiaan Antonius Lindemans (Rotterdam, 24 October 1912 – Scheveningen, 18 July 1946), the fourth son of Joseph Hendrik Lindemans and Christina Antonia van Uden, was a Dutch double agent during the Second World War, working under Soviet control.
Christian X (Christian Carl Frederik Albert Alexander Vilhelm; 26 September 1870 – 20 April 1947) was King of Denmark from 1912 to 1947 and the only king of Iceland (where the name was officially Kristján X), between 1918 and 1944.
Christine Maria Kaufmann (11 January 1945 – 28 March 2017) was a German-Austrian actress, author, and businesswoman.
Lieutenant-Colonel C A Henn-Collins, CEng, FIEE, FIERE served in the Second World War, notably, in the Polish Campaign under General Carton de Wiart.
Christopher William Clayton Hutton (1893–1965) a soldier, airman, journalist and inventor, was recruited as an intelligence officer to work for MI9, a branch of the British Military Intelligence, during the Second World War.
Chrząchów is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Końskowola, within Puławy County, Lublin Voivodeship, in eastern Poland.
Chunee (or Chuny) was an Indian elephant who was brought to Regency London in 1809 or 1810.
Church Road was a 4,500-capacity football stadium Hayes, England - the home-ground of Hayes F.C., and latterly Hayes & Yeading United F.C. following the two clubs' merger in 2007.
Churchill's Island (French title: La Forteresse de Churchill National Film Board of Canada. Retrieved: September 28, 2014.) is a 1941 propaganda film chronicling the defence of Great Britain during the Second World War.
Cieszanów (Тішанів or Цішанів or Чесанів, Tishaniv or Tsishaniv or Chesaniv; ציעשאנאָוו-Tsyeshanov) is a town in Lubaczów County, Subcarpathian Voivodeship, Poland.
The Cipher Department of the High Command of the Wehrmacht (Amtsgruppe Wehrmachtnachrichtenverbindungen, Abteilung Chiffrierwesen) (also Oberkommando der Wehrmacht Chiffrierabteilung or Chiffrierabteilung of the High Command of the Wehrmacht or Chiffrierabteilung of the OKW or OKW/Chi or Chi) was the Signal Intelligence Agency of the Supreme Command of the Armed Forces of the German Armed Forces before and during World War II.
The codename Circus was given to operations of British Royal Air Force (RAF) during World War II where bombers, heavily escorted by fighters, were sent over continental Europe to bring enemy fighters into combat.
The City Architect of Birmingham was a high-ranking position within the Public Works department of Birmingham City Council and provided the holder with a lot of power in the planning decisions of Birmingham, especially in the post-war period in which Birmingham underwent enormous regeneration.
The City Hall of Torhout (Het Stadhuis van Torhout) was the residence of the mayor and the bench of aldermen during their meetings up until the completion of the new City Hall in 2014.
The City of Bankstown was a local government area in the south-west region of Sydney, Australia, centred on the suburb of Bankstown.
The City of London Rifles (CLR) was a volunteer regiment of the British Army, originally raised as the 'Printers' Battalion'.
City of Thieves is a 2008 historical fiction novel by David Benioff.
Civil defense or civil protection is an effort to protect the citizens of a state (generally non-combatants) from military attacks and natural disasters.
A civil defense siren (also known as an air-raid siren or tornado siren) is a siren used to provide emergency population warning of approaching danger and sometimes to indicate when the danger has passed.
Strategic bombing is the use of airpower to destroy industrial and economic infrastructure—such as factories, oil refineries, railroads, or nuclear power plants—rather than just directly targeting military bases, supply depots, or enemy combatants.
Life as a civilian during the five years of occupation of the Channel Islands by the German army, which started in June 1940 was difficult and as the war progressed, became much harder.
Clash of Wings is a 15-episode documentary television series which originally aired in 1998 on the Discovery Channel.
Captain Claud Harry Stokes (16 March 1884 – 7 November 1918) was a British First World War flying ace credited with five aerial victories, all while flying the Airco DH.4.
Cleadon is a suburban village in South Tyneside, North East England in the county of Tyne and Wear, and the historic County Durham.
Clemens Graf von Schönborn-Wiesentheid (3 April 1905 – 30 August 1944) was a German Air Force officer who commanded Air Command Arad and 77th Dive Bomber Wing (StG 77) during the Axis-led invasion of Yugoslavia during World War II.
In military tactics, close air support (CAS) is defined as air action such as air strikes by fixed or rotary-winged aircraft against hostile targets that are in close proximity to friendly forces and which requires detailed integration of each air mission with fire and movement of these forces and attacks with aerial bombs, glide bombs, missiles, rockets, aircraft cannons, machine guns, and even directed-energy weapons such as lasers.
Cloudbase is the fictional skyborne headquarters of the international security organisation Spectrum, from Gerry Anderson's science-fiction television series Captain Scarlet and the Mysterons (1967–68).
Club Run was an informal name for aircraft ferry operations from Gibraltar to Malta during the Siege of Malta in the Second World War.
Avram Iancu Cluj International Airport is an airport serving the city of Cluj-Napoca, Romania.
Clydebank is a town in West Dunbartonshire, Scotland.
The Clydebank Blitz comprised two devastating Luftwaffe air raids on the shipbuilding town of Clydebank in Scotland which took place in March 1941.
Coggeshall is a small town of 4,727 residents (in 2011) in Essex, England, between Colchester and Braintree on the Roman road of Stane Street, and intersected by the River Blackwater.
Colchester Garrison is a major garrison located in Colchester in the county of Essex. Eastern England It has been an important military base since the Roman era.
Coleman Barracks/Coleman Army Airfield (ICAO: ETOR) is a United States Army military installation located in the Sandhofen district of Mannheim, Germany.
A coleopter is a type of vertical take-off and landing aircraft design that uses a ducted fan as the primary fuselage of the entire aircraft.
The Collegiate Church of St.
Cologne Bonn Airport (German: Flughafen Köln/Bonn „Konrad Adenauer“, also known as Flughafen Köln-Wahn) is the international airport of Germany's fourth-largest city Cologne, and also serves Bonn, capital of the former West Germany.
The Cologne school massacre was a mass murder that occurred at the Catholic elementary school (katholische Volksschule) located in the suburb of Volkhoven in Cologne, West Germany on 11 June 1964.
The history of Colombia during World War II began in 1939.
The “Colonel Bogey March” is a British march that was composed in 1914 by Lieutenant F. J. Ricketts (1881–1945) (pen name Kenneth J. Alford), a British Army bandmaster who later became the director of music for the Royal Marines at Plymouth.
Combat America is a 1945 documentary film produced in World War II, narrated by Clark Gable.
Combat Flight Simulator 3: Battle for Europe (CFS3), is the latest installment of combat flight simulators from Microsoft Game Studios, released in 2002.
The Combined Bomber Offensive (CBO) was an Anglo-American offensive of strategic bombing during World War II in Europe.
Command Decision is a 1948 war film released by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer starring Clark Gable, Walter Pidgeon, Van Johnson and Brian Donlevy and directed by Sam Wood, based on a stage play of the same name written by William Wister Haines, which he based on his best-selling novel.
Command Decision was a 1948 play in three acts written by William Wister Haines, and formed the basis for his best-selling novel of the same title.
The Commissioner Government (Комесарска влада, Komesarska vlada) or Commissar Government, was a short-lived Serbian collaborationist puppet government established in the German occupied territory of Serbia within the Axis-partitioned Kingdom of Yugoslavia during World War II.
Compañía Aeronáutica Uruguaya S.A. (CAUSA) was a private airline company in Uruguay, which operated between 1938 and 1967.
A company commander is the commanding officer of a company; a military unit which typically consists of 100 to 250 soldiers, often organized into three or four smaller units called platoons.
Company of Heroes: Opposing Fronts (abbreviated CoH:OF) is the stand alone expansion pack to Company of Heroes, a real-time strategy game for computers running the Windows operating system.
The following table compares the officer ranks appointed by the major Allied powers, the major Axis powers and various occupied countries and co-belligerents during World War II.
The comparative ranks of Nazi Germany contrasts the ranks of the German Wehrmacht to a number of national-socialist organisations in Nazi Germany from 1933 to 1945 in a synoptic table.
Condell Park, a suburb of local government area Canterbury-Bankstown Council, is 22 kilometres south-west of the Sydney central business district, in the state of New South Wales, Australia, and is a part of the south-western Sydney region.
The Condor Legion (Legion Condor) was a unit composed of military personnel from the air force and army of Nazi Germany, which served with the Nationalists during the Spanish Civil War of July 1936 to March 1939.
In aerial warfare, the term overclaiming describes a combatant (or group) that claims the destruction of more enemy aircraft than actually achieved.
A connecting rod is a shaft which connects a piston to a crank or crankshaft in a reciprocating engine.
Constantin Cantacuzino (nicknamed Bâzu; 11 November 1905 – 26 May 1958) was a Romanian aviator, one of his country's leading World War II fighter aces, and a member of the Cantacuzino family.
Constantin "Bibi" Costăchescu was a submarine commander in the Romanian Navy during the Second World War.
Constantin Wladimir Rozanoff, also known as Kostia Rozanoff, (Розанов, Константин Владимирович) (–) - was a French test pilot, Colonel of the French Air Force, and one of the pioneers of jet aviation.
Continuity of government (COG) is the principle of establishing defined procedures that allow a government to continue its essential operations in case of a catastrophic event such as nuclear war.
Convoy Faith was a small, fast Allied convoy of World War II.
Convoy HX 65 was the 65th of the numbered series of World War II HX convoys of merchant ships from '''H'''alifa'''X''' to Liverpool.
Convoy HX 84 was the 84th of the numbered series of Allied North Atlantic HX convoys of merchant ships from Halifax, Nova Scotia to Liverpool, England during the battle of the Atlantic.
Convoy JW 58 was an Arctic convoy sent from Great Britain by the Western Allies to aid the Soviet Union during World War II.
Convoy OA 178 (OA: UK (Thames) Outbound 1939–41) was an Atlantic convoy that sailed in July 1940 from the Thames Estuary via the English Channel, prior to dispersal to various transatlantic destinations.
PQ-13 was a British Arctic convoy that delivered war supplies from the Western Allies to the USSR during World War II.
Convoy PQ 15 was an Arctic convoy sent from Iceland by the Western Allies to aid the Soviet Union during World War II.
Convoy PQ 16 was an Arctic convoy sent from Great Britain by the Western Allies to aid the Soviet Union during the Second World War.
PQ 17 was the code name for an Allied convoy in the Arctic Ocean during the Second World War.
Convoy PQ 18 was an Arctic convoy of forty Allied freighters from Scotland and Iceland to Arkhangelsk in the Soviet Union in the war against Nazi Germany.
Convoys SL 138/MKS 28 were two Allied convoys which ran during the Battle of the Atlantic in World War II.
Convoys SL 139/MKS 30 were two Allied convoys which ran during the Battle of the Atlantic in World War II.
Copernicus Airport Wrocław (Port Lotniczy Wrocław im. is an international commercial airport in Wrocław in southwestern Poland. The airport is located southwest of the city centre. It has one runway, two passenger terminals and one cargo terminal.
Corby is a town and borough in the county of Northamptonshire, England.
Corfu or Kerkyra (translit,; translit,; Corcyra; Corfù) is a Greek island in the Ionian Sea.
Cornelia Ann Parker OBE, RA (born 1956) is an English sculptor and installation artist.
Corneliu Zelea Codreanu (born Corneliu Zelinski; September 13, 1899 – November 30, 1938), commonly known as Corneliu Codreanu, was a Romanian politician who was the founder and charismatic leader of the Iron Guard (also known as the Legionnaire movement), an ultranationalistic and antisemitic organization active throughout most of the interwar period.
The Corpo Aereo Italiano (literally, "Italian Air Corps"), or CAI, was an expeditionary force from the Italian Regia Aeronautica ("Royal Air Force") that participated in the Battle of Britain and the Blitz during the final months of 1940 during World War II.
Corps colours, or Troop-function colours (ge: "Waffenfarbe(n)") were traditional worn in the German Wehrmacht from 1935 until 1945 as discrimination criteria between several branches, special services, corps, rank groups and appointments of the ministerial area, general staff, Oberkommando der Wehrmacht, up to the military branches Heer, Luftwaffe and Kriegsmarine.
Corps colours, or troop-function colours (ge: Waffenfarben) were traditionally worn in the German armed forces, the Wehrmacht, from 1935 until 1945, to distinguish between several branches, special services, corps, rank groups and appointments of the ministerial area, general staff, Oberkommando der Wehrmacht, down to the military branches Heer, Luftwaffe and Kriegsmarine.
Corps colours, or troop-function colours (ge: "Waffenfarbe(n)") were traditional worn in the German Wehrmacht from 1935 until 1945 as discrimination criteria between several branches, special services, corps, rank groups and appointments of the ministerial area, general staff, Oberkommando der Wehrmacht, up to the military branches Heer, Luftwaffe and Kriegsmarine.
Corvette K-225 is a 1943 war film starring Randolph Scott and Ella Raines, making her feature film debut.
Cottbus Air Base (Flugplatz Cottbus-Nord – "Airport Cottbus-North") is a former military airport north-west of Cottbus in Brandenburg, Germany.
Cottbus-Drewitz Airport is a civilian airport located in Drewitz, an Ortsteil of Jänschwalde, approximately north-east of Cottbus in Brandenburg, Germany.
Coulommiers – Voisins Aerodrome (Aérodrome de Coulommiers - Voisins) is an airport serving Coulommiers in France.
Manfred Beckett Czernin, (18 January 1913 – 6 October 1962) was a Royal Air Force pilot and later an operative with the Special Operations Executive in the Second World War.
Counties Ship Management Co.
County Wexford (Contae Loch Garman, Yola: Weiseforthe) is a county in Ireland.
The County class was a class of heavy cruisers built for the Royal Navy in the years between the First and Second World Wars.
The Courageous class, sometimes called the Glorious class, was the first multi-ship class of aircraft carriers to serve with the Royal Navy.
The Courts of Guernsey are responsible for the administration of justice in the Bailiwick of Guernsey, one of the Channel Islands.
Coventry is a city and metropolitan borough in the West Midlands, England.
Coventry Airport is located south southeast of Coventry city centre, in the village of Baginton, Warwickshire, England.
The Coventry blitz (blitz: from the German word Blitzkrieg meaning "lightning war") was a series of bombing raids that took place on the English city of Coventry.
The Cathedral Church of St Michael, commonly known as Coventry Cathedral, is the seat of the Bishop of Coventry and the Diocese of Coventry, in Coventry, West Midlands, England.
Coventry City Football Club is a professional football club based in Coventry, West Midlands, England.
The A4053, commonly known as the Coventry Ring Road, is a ring road in Coventry, England, which forms a complete dual carriageway loop around the city centre.
CP Ships was a large Canadian shipping company established in the 19th century.
Crécy-en-Ponthieu, known in archaic English as Cressy, is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France, located south of Calais.
Crewe Heritage Centre is a railway museum located in Crewe, England.
Crimson Skies: High Road to Revenge is a first-party video game developed by FASA Studio (part of Microsoft Game Studios) for the Xbox.
The Croatian Air Force Legion (Hrvatska Zrakoplovna Legija), or HZL, also known as the Croatian Legion, was a foreign volunteer unit of the Luftwaffe raised from volunteers drawn from the Independent State of Croatia which fought on the Eastern Front between 1941–1943 in the Second World War.
Cropmarks or Crop marks are a means through which sub-surface archaeological, natural and recent features may be visible from the air or a vantage point on higher ground or a temporary platform.
Crosville Motor Services was a bus operator based in the north-west of England and north and mid-Wales.
Cryptanalysis of the Enigma ciphering system enabled the western Allies in World War II to read substantial amounts of Morse-coded radio communications of the Axis powers that had been enciphered using Enigma machines.
CS Mackay-Bennett was a cable repair ship registered in London, England, owned by the Commercial Cable Company.
Cubbington is a village and civil parish with a population of 3,929.
Cuckmere Haven (also known as the Cuckmere Estuary) is an area of flood plains in Sussex, England where the river Cuckmere meets the English Channel between Eastbourne and Seaford.
The culture of Malta reflects various societies that have come into contact with the Maltese Islands throughout the centuries, including neighbouring Mediterranean cultures, and the cultures of the nations that ruled Malta for long periods of time prior to its independence in 1964.
Cultybraggan lies close to the village of Comrie, in west Perthshire.
Cunliffe-Owen Aircraft was a British aircraft manufacturer of the World War II era.
Curd Gustav Andreas Gottlieb Franz Jürgens (13 December 191518 June 1982) was a German-Austrian stage and film actor.
The Curonian Spit (Kuršių nerija; Ку́ршская коса́ (Kurshskaya kosa); Kurische Nehrung,; Kuršu kāpas) is a 98 km long, thin, curved sand-dune spit that separates the Curonian Lagoon from the Baltic Sea coast.
The Curtiss P-36 Hawk, also known as the Curtiss Hawk Model 75, is an American-designed and built fighter aircraft of the 1930s and 40s.
The Curtiss P-40 Warhawk is an American single-engined, single-seat, all-metal fighter and ground-attack aircraft that first flew in 1938.
Cwmparc is a village and a district of the community of Treorchy, in the Rhondda Valley, Wales.
Cygów is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Poświętne, within Wołomin County, Masovian Voivodeship, in east-central Poland.
Cyril Joe Barton, VC (5 June 1921 – 31 March 1944) was a Second World War bomber pilot in the Royal Air Force who received the Victoria Cross, the highest award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth Armed Forces.
Cyril Arthur Joseph Martin, GC, MC (23 July 1897 – 29 November 1973) was a British Army officer who was awarded the George Cross for the courage he showed in defusing a device while serving with the Corps of Royal Engineers Bomb Disposal Squad on 17/18 January 1943 in Battersea, London.
Człuchów (Kash. Człëchòwò) is a town in the region of Gdańsk Pomerania, northwestern Poland, with some 14,610 inhabitants (2004).
The Czechoslovak Air Force (Československé letectvo) or the Czechoslovak Army Air Force (Československé vojenské letectvo) was the air force branch of the Czechoslovak Army formed in October 1918.
Czerwona Woda (Rothwasser) is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Węgliniec, within Zgorzelec County, Lower Silesian Voivodeship, in south-western Poland.
D III 88 (sometimes written as DIII 88) is a 1939 German drama film directed by Herbert Maisch and Hans Bertram and starring Christian Kayßler, Otto Wernicke and Heinz Welzel.
Dad's Army is a BBC television sitcom about the British Home Guard during the Second World War.
Dad's Army is a 1971 British war comedy film and the first film adaptation of the BBC television sitcom Dad's Army.
Dan Woodards (18 November 1886 – 1964) was an English footballer who played as a wing half for West Ham United until his retirement from football in 1921.
Squadron Leader Daniel Trevor Bulmer "Danny" Everett, DFC and 2 Bars (15 October 1920 – 7 March 1945), was a leading Royal Air Force Bomber Command and Pathfinder Force pilot and bombing leader, decorated three times for gallantry before being killed in action.
The Danuta, also called armoured train number 11 was a Polish armoured train used by the Polish army during the German invasion of Poland in September 1939.
Darlaston is a town in the Metropolitan Borough of Walsall in the West Midlands of England.
Darryl Francis Zanuck (September 5, 1902December 22, 1979) was an American film producer and studio executive; he earlier contributed stories for films starting in the silent era.
Darskowo (Friedrichsdorf) is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Złocieniec, within Drawsko County, West Pomeranian Voivodeship, in north-western Poland.
Dasein ohne Leben – Psychiatrie und Menschlichkeit (Existence Without Life – Psychiatry and Humanity) is a 1942 Nazi propaganda film about the physically and mentally disabled.
David Carl Schilling (December 15, 1918 – August 14, 1956) was a U.S. Air Force officer, fighter ace, and leading advocate of long-range jet fighter operations.
David Raziel (דוד רזיאל; 19 November 1910 - 20 May 1941) was a leader of the Zionist underground in British Mandatory Palestine and one of the founders of the Irgun.
David Allen Wickins (15 February 1920 – 28 January 2007), was an English accountant-turned-entrepreneur, best known for founding the world's largest vehicle remarketing business British Car Auctions, and saving Lotus Cars.
Dawdon is a former pit community to the south of Seaham, County Durham, in England.
Dún Laoghaire is a suburban coastal town in County Dublin, Ireland, about 12 km (7.5 miles) south of Dublin city centre.
The de Havilland DH.60 Moth is a 1920s British two-seat touring and training aircraft that was developed into a series of aircraft by the de Havilland Aircraft Company.
The de Havilland DH.89 Dragon Rapide was a 1930s short-haul biplane airliner developed and produced by British aircraft company de Havilland.
The de Havilland DH.85 Leopard Moth is a three-seat high-wing cabin monoplane designed and built by the de Havilland Aircraft Company in 1933.
The de Havilland DH.98 Mosquito is a British twin-engine shoulder-winged multi-role combat aircraft.
The de Havilland DH.80A Puss Moth is a British three-seater high-wing monoplane aeroplane designed and built by the de Havilland Aircraft Company between 1929 and 1933.
The de Havilland DH.82 Tiger Moth is a 1930s biplane designed by Geoffrey de Havilland and built by the de Havilland Aircraft Company.
This article is about death in the different cultures around the world as well as ethical issues relating to death, such as martyrdom, suicide and euthanasia.
The following is a list of notable deaths in 1999.
The following is a list of notable deaths in December 2011.
The following is a list of notable deaths in January 2012.
The following is a list of notable deaths in March 2014.
The following is a list of notable deaths in November 2010.
The following is a list of notable deaths in November 2011.
The following events occurred in December 1914.
The following events occurred in December 1916.
The following events occurred in December 1917.
The following events occurred in December 1943.
Deelen Air Base (Dutch: Luchtmachtbasis Deelen or Vliegbasis Deelen) is a military air base in the Netherlands in the province of Gelderland.
The DEFA cannon (Direction des Études et Fabrications d'Armement) is a family of widely used French-made aircraft revolver cannons firing the standard 30 mm caliber NATO rounds.
The Defence of the Reich (Reichsverteidigung) is the name given to the strategic defensive aerial campaign fought by the Luftwaffe over German-occupied Europe and Nazi Germany during World War II.
The defence of Brest Fortress took place 22–29 June 1941.
This article details a number of defunct schools that were once located in Sandwell in the West Midlands of England.
This article is about demographic history of Belgrade.
Demyansk Shield (Ärmelschild Demjansk) was a World War II German military decoration awarded to military personnel who fought in the Demyansk pocket.
William Denis Kendall, known as Denis Kendall, (27 May 1903 - 19 July 1995), was an engineer, businessman, and politician.
Denmark–Germany relations are the foreign relations between Denmark and Germany.
Dennis Herbert Cochran (13 August 1921 – 31 March 1944), was an officer in the Royal Air Force and member of a British Armstrong Whitworth Whitley bomber crew who was shot down and taken prisoner during the Second World War.
Dennis Arthur Copperwheat GC (23 May 1914 – 8 September 1992) of the Royal Navy won the George Cross for the heroism he displayed on 22 March 1942 in scuttling a burning ammunition ship in Valletta harbour, Malta.
Depienne Airfield is a World War II airfield in Tunisia, located approximately 12 km northeast of El Fahs, and 53 km southwest of Tunis.
Der Landser (literally private, common soldier) was a German pulp magazine published by Pabel-Moewig and featuring mostly stories in World War II settings.
Der Stern von Afrika is a 1957 black-and-white German war film portraying the combat career of a World War II Luftwaffe fighter pilot Hans-Joachim Marseille.
Derek Harland Ward, (31 July 1917 – 17 June 1942) was a New Zealand flying ace of the Second World War.
Brigadier Derek Mills-Roberts, CBE, DSO and bar, MC (23 November 1908 – 1 October 1980) was a British commando who fought with the 1st Special Service Brigade during World War II.
Des Teufels General (English: The Devil's General) is a 1955 black and white film based on the play by Carl Zuckmayer.
Detachment Kuhlmey (Gefechtsverband Kuhlmey) was a temporary unit of Nazi Germany's Luftwaffe during World War II.
The Detlev-Rohwedder-Haus (Detlev Rohwedder House) is a building in Berlin that at the time of its construction was the largest office building in Europe.
Dettingen is a municipality in the district of Esslingen in Baden-Württemberg in southern Germany.
The Deutsche Forschungsanstalt für Segelflug ("German Research Institute for Sailplane Flight" or "German Institute for Glider Research"), or DFS, was formed in 1933 to centralise all gliding activity in Germany, under the directorship of Professor Georgii.
Deutsche Luft Hansa A.G. (from 1933 styled as Deutsche Lufthansa and also known as Luft Hansa, Lufthansa, or DLH) was a German airline, serving as flag carrier of the country during the later years of the Weimar Republic and throughout Nazi Germany.
The Deutsche Verkehrsfliegerschule (DVS), German Air Transport School, was a covert military-training organization operating as a flying school in Germany.
Deutscher Volksverband in Polen (DVV), or the German People's Union in Poland, was a Nazi German extreme right-wing political party founded in 1924 in central Poland by members of the ethnic German minority who did not wish to join the minority bloc in the Polish parliament Sejm.
Dublin is one of the oldest capital cities in Europe – dating back over a thousand years.
The Devon and Cornwall County Division was a County Division of the British Army created during the Second World War.
Devon Mansions are a set of five residential mansion block buildings situated along the south side of Tooley Street in Bermondsey, London.
Devonport Services Rugby Football Club is an English rugby union team based in Plymouth, Devon.
Constructions Aéronautiques Émile Dewoitine was a French aircraft manufacturer established by Émile Dewoitine at Toulouse in October 1920.
The Dewoitine D.520 was a French fighter aircraft that entered service in early 1940, shortly after the beginning of the Second World War.
The DFS 194 was a rocket-powered aircraft designed by Alexander Lippisch at the Deutsche Forschungsanstalt für Segelflug (DFS - "German Institute for Sailplane Flight").
The DFS 228 was a rocket-powered, high-altitude reconnaissance aircraft designed by the Deutsche Forschungsanstalt für Segelflug (DFS - "German Institute for Sailplane Flight") during World War II.
The DFS 230 was a German transport glider operated by the Luftwaffe in World War II.
The Schneider DFS 108-14 SG-38 Schulgleiter is a German high-wing, cable-braced, single-seat primary glider that was designed by Schneider, Rehberg and Hofmann at Edmund Schneider's factory at Grunau in 1938, hence the designation.
Diana Hope Rowden (31 January 1915 – 6 July 1944) was a British heroine of World War II who served in the Women's Auxiliary Air Force and the Special Operations Executive.
Richard Valentine Moore, (14 February 1916 – 25 April 2003), known as Dick Moore, was an officer of Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve who was awarded the George Cross for the "great gallantry and undaunted devotion to duty" he showed in rendering mines safe during the Blitz of 1940 despite having "no practical training'".
The Dicta Boelcke is a list of fundamental aerial maneuvers of aerial combat formulated by First World War German flying ace, Oswald Boelcke.
Diepholz Air Base is a German Air Force military air base, located 3.3 km southwest of Diepholz in Lower Saxony, Germany.
Dieppe is a coastal community in the Arrondissement of Dieppe in the Seine-Maritime department in the Normandy region of northern France.
The Dieppe Raid was an Allied assault on the German-occupied port of Dieppe, France on 19 August 1942, during the Second World War.
Diethelm von Eichel-Streiber (10 August 1914 – 13 May 1996) was a German Luftwaffe pilot of World War II.
Dietrich "Dieter" Hrabak (19 December 1914 – 15 September 1995) was a German fighter pilot during World War II.
Dietrich Peltz (9 June 1914 – 10 August 2001) was a German World War II Luftwaffe bomber pilot and youngest general of the Wehrmacht.
Dietrich Hugo Hermann von Choltitz (9 November 1894 – 4 November 1966) was a German General who served in the Royal Saxon Army during World War I and the German Army during World War II.
Digbeth is an area of Central Birmingham, England.
Dijon-Longvic Airport and Air Base (Base aérienne 102 Dijon) is a former French Air Force (Armée de l'Air) air base.
Dimitrije Ljotić (Димитрије Љотић; 12 August 1891 – 23 April 1945) was a Serbian fascist politician and ideologue who established the Yugoslav National Movement (Zbor) in 1935 and collaborated with German occupational authorities in the Territory of the Military Commander in Serbia during World War II.
Dinu Adameșteanu (Toporu, 25 March 1913 – Policoro, 2 January 2004) was a Romanian-Italian archaeologist, a pioneer and promoter of the use of aerial photography and aerial survey in archaeology.
Dion Fortune (born Violet Mary Firth, 6 December 1890 – 6 January 1946) was a British occultist, Christian Qabalist, ceremonial magician, novelist and author.
The Discriminant Book (German: Kenngruppenbuch; literally: Groups to identify the key to the receiver) shortened to K-Book (K. Buch), and also known as the indicator group book or identification group book was a secret distribution list in booklet form, which listed trigraphs in random order.
A dive bomber is a bomber aircraft that dives directly at its targets in order to provide greater accuracy for the bomb it drops.
A division is a large military unit or formation, usually consisting of between 10,000 and 20,000 soldiers.
Djedeida Airfield is an airfield in Tunisia, located approximately 10 km east-northeast of El Battan, and 30 km west of Tunis.
The Dnieper–Carpathian Offensive, also known in Soviet historical sources as the liberation of right-bank Ukraine, fought from 24 December 1943 – 17 April 1944, was a strategic offensive executed by the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, and 4th Ukrainian Fronts, along with the 1st Belorussian Front, against the German Army Group South, intended to retake all of the Ukrainian and Moldovian territories occupied by Axis forces.
Dno (аэродром Гривочки), also known as Grivochki (Гривочки), was a military air base in Dnovsky District, Pskov Oblast, Russia.
Dobbins Air Reserve Base or Dobbins ARB is a United States Air Force reserve air base located in Marietta, Georgia, a suburb about northwest of Atlanta.
Dobrodzień (Guttentag) is a small town in Olesno County, in Opole Voivodeship, Poland.
The Doctors' trial (officially United States of America v. Karl Brandt, et al.) was the second of 12 trials for war crimes of German doctors that the United States authorities held in their occupation zone in Nuremberg, Germany, after the end of World War II.
The Dodecanese campaign of World War II was an attempt by Allied forces to capture the Italian-held Dodecanese islands in the Aegean Sea following the surrender of Italy in September 1943, and use them as bases against the German-controlled Balkans.
Dogfights is a military aviation themed TV series depicting historical re-enactments of air-to-air combat that took place in World War I, World War II, the Korean War, and the Vietnam War, as well as smaller conflicts such as the Gulf War and the Six-Day War.
Dole–Jura Airport (Aéroport de Dole-Jura), also known as Franche-Comté Regional Airport (Aéroport Régional de Franche-Comté), is an airport serving Dole, a commune in the Jura department in the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté region in eastern France.
Dolgarrog is a village and community in Conwy County Borough, in Wales, situated between Llanrwst and Conwy, very close to the Conwy River.
Isidora Dolores Ibárruri Gómez (9 December 189512 November 1989) – known as "La Pasionaria" (English: "the Passionflower") – was a Spanish Republican heroine of the Spanish Civil War and communist politician of Basque origin, known for her famous slogan ¡No Pasarán! ("They shall not pass") during the Battle for Madrid in November 1936.
The village of lies in the Dovre municipality and serves as an administrative center in the upper Gudbrandsdal, Norway.
Domnovo (До́мново; Domnau; Domnowo; Dumnava) is a rural locality (a settlement) in Pravdinsky District of Kaliningrad Oblast, Russia, located near the Poland–Russia border, about southeast of Kaliningrad, the administrative center of the oblast, and west of Pravdinsk, the administrative center of the district.
Domus Dei (Hospital of Saint Nicholas and Saint John the Baptist) was an almshouse and hospice established in around 1212 A.D. at Old Portsmouth, Hampshire, UK by Peter des Roches (sometimes wrongly named as de Rupibus), Bishop of Winchester.
Donald James Matthew Blakeslee (September 11, 1917 – September 3, 2008) was an officer in the United States Air Force, whose aviation career began as a pilot in the Royal Canadian Air Force flying Spitfire fighter aircraft during World War II.
Donald Henry Pleasence, OBE (5 October 1919 – 2 February 1995) was an English actor.
The Donbass Strategic Offensive was a military campaign fought in the Donets Basin from 17 July 1943 and 2 August 1943 between the German and Soviet armed forces on the Eastern Front of World War II.
The Dornier Do 11 was a German medium bomber, developed in secret in the early 1930s.
The Dornier Do 13 was a short-lived 1930s German bomber design.
The Dornier Do 14 was a prototype seaplane, developed by Dornier Flugzeugwerke with backing from the Luftwaffe for experimental propulsion studies.
The Dornier Do 17, sometimes referred to as the Fliegender Bleistift ("flying pencil"), was a light bomber of Nazi Germany during World War II.
The Dornier Do 18 was a development of the Do 16 flying boat.
The Dornier Do 19 was a German four-engine heavy bomber that first flew on October 28, 1936.
The Dornier Do 214 was a proposed large long-range flying boat, developed by Dornier in World War II.
The Dornier Do 215 was a light bomber, aerial reconnaissance aircraft and later a night fighter, produced by Dornier originally for export, but in the event most served in the Luftwaffe.
The Dornier Do 217 was a bomber used by the German Luftwaffe during World War II as a more powerful development of the Dornier Do 17, known as the Fliegender Bleistift (German: "flying pencil").
The Dornier Do 22 was a German seaplane, developed in the 1930s.
The Dornier Do 23 was a German medium bomber of the 1930s.
The Dornier Do 24 is a 1930s German three-engine flying boat designed by the Dornier Flugzeugwerke for maritime patrol and search and rescue.
The Dornier Do 26 was an all-metal gull winged flying boat produced before and during World War II by Dornier Flugzeugwerke of Germany.
The Dornier Do 29 was an experimental aircraft developed by Dornier Flugzeugwerke and the Deutsche Versuchsanstalt für Luftfahrt (German Aviation Laboratory) in the 1950s, used to test a tilting-propeller system for short takeoff and landing (STOL) aircraft.
The Dornier Do 29 was a proposed zerstörer, or heavy fighter, designed by Dornier as a competitor to the Messerschmitt Bf 110.
The Dornier Do 317 was a planned German heavy bomber of World War II.
The Dornier Do 32E was a simple, collapsible one-man helicopter, designed for military use in Germany in the 1960s.
The Dornier Do 335 Pfeil ("Arrow") was a World War II heavy fighter built by the Dornier company.
The Dornier Do 635 was a World War II long-range reconnaissance aircraft proposed by Dornier Flugzeugwerke, as two Dornier Do 335 fuselages joined by a common centre wing section.
The Dornier Do Y was a German bomber of the 1930s, the second bomber design by Dornier Flugzeugwerke.
Dornier Flugzeugwerke was a German aircraft manufacturer founded in Friedrichshafen in 1914 by Claude Dornier.
The Dornier P 256 was a turbojet night fighter proposed by Dornier for the Luftwaffe toward the end of the Second World War.
The Dornier Viper was a West German/Norwegian air-to-air missile project, intended to replace the AIM-9 Sidewinder, in Luftwaffe service from 1975/76.
The Double-Cross System or XX System was a World War II counter-espionage and deception operation of the British Security Service, a civilian organisation usually referred to by its cover title MI5.
The Douglas DC-2 is a 14-seat, twin-engined airliner that was produced by the American company Douglas Aircraft Corporation starting in 1934.
Air Commodore Douglas Douglas-Hamilton, 14th Duke of Hamilton and 11th Duke of Brandon, (3 February 1903 – 30 March 1973) was a Scottish nobleman and pioneering aviator who, together with D.F. McIntyre, was the first man to fly over Mount Everest.
Air Chief Marshal Sir Douglas Claude Strathern Evill, (8 October 1892 – 22 March 1971) was an Australian-born Royal Naval Air Service pilot and squadron commander during the First World War.
The Douglas SBD Dauntless was a World War II American naval scout plane and dive bomber that was manufactured by Douglas Aircraft from 1940 through 1944.
Group Captain Douglas Ernest Lancelot "Del" Wilson (1 December 1898 – 2 August 1950) was a senior officer of the Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) during World War II.
The Douglas XB-31 (Douglas Model 332) was the design submitted by Douglas after the request by the United States Army Air Forces for a very heavy bomber aircraft, the same request that led to the Boeing B-29 Superfortress, Lockheed XB-30, and Consolidated B-32 Dominator.
Douvres-la-Délivrande is a commune in the Calvados department in the Normandy region in northwestern France.
The Dowding system was the world's first wide-area ground-controlled interception network, controlling the airspace across the United Kingdom from northern Scotland to the southern coast of England.
Downfall (Der Untergang) is a 2004 German historical war drama film directed by Oliver Hirschbiegel from a screenplay by producer Bernd Eichinger.
Dresden (Upper and Lower Sorbian: Drježdźany, Drážďany, Drezno) is the capital city and, after Leipzig, the second-largest city of the Free State of Saxony in Germany.
Driffield, also known as Great Driffield, is a market town and civil parish in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England.
In aviation, a drop tank (external tank, wing tank, or belly tank) is used to describe auxiliary fuel tanks externally carried by aircraft.
Duane Willard Beeson (July 16, 1921 – February 13, 1947) was an American fighter pilot and flying ace of World War II.
Dudley is a large town in the county of West Midlands, England, south-east of Wolverhampton and north-west of Birmingham.
The Duke of Wellington's Regiment (West Riding) was a line infantry regiment of the British Army, forming part of the King's Division.
Dulag Luft (Durchgangslager der Luftwaffe, Transit Camp of the Airforce) were Prisoner of War (POW) transit camp for German-captured members of the Air Force during World War II.
Dumbarton is a town in West Dunbartonshire, Scotland, on the north bank of the River Clyde where the River Leven flows into the Clyde estuary.
Dundalk is the county town of County Louth, Ireland.
Dundry is a village and civil parish, situated on Dundry Hill in the northern part of the Mendip Hills, between Bristol and the Chew Valley Lake, in the English county of Somerset.
Dunkirk (Dunkerque; Duinkerke(n)) is a commune in the Nord department in northern France.
Dunkirk is a 1958 British war film directed by Leslie Norman and starring John Mills, Richard Attenborough and Bernard Lee.
The Dunkirk evacuation, code-named Operation Dynamo, and also known as the Miracle of Dunkirk, was the evacuation of Allied soldiers during World War II from the beaches and harbour of Dunkirk, in the north of France, between 26 May and 4 June 1940.
Dunkirk is a village and civil parish between Faversham and Canterbury in southeast England.
The Duquesne Spy Ring is the largest espionage case in United States history that ended in convictions.
Durham (locally) is a historic city and the county town of County Durham in North East England.
DUROWE (Deutsche Uhrenrohwerke) is a German watch movement manufacturer that in the 1970s was the largest producer of watch movements in Germany.
Duxford is a village in Cambridgeshire, England, about south of Cambridge.
Duxford Aerodrome is located south of Cambridge, within the Parish of Duxford, Cambridgeshire, England and nearly west of the village.
Dylan Marlais Thomas (27 October 1914 – 9 November 1953) was a Welsh poet and writer whose works include the poems "Do not go gentle into that good night" and "And death shall have no dominion"; the 'play for voices' Under Milk Wood; and stories and radio broadcasts such as A Child's Christmas in Wales and Portrait of the Artist as a Young Dog.
Edward R. Hooton is a defence writer, who has written several books including publications for the Jane's Information Group.
The Eagle Squadrons were three fighter squadrons of the Royal Air Force (RAF), formed with volunteer pilots from the United States during the early days of World War II (circa 1940), prior to America's entry into the war in December 1941.
Eakring is a village and civil parish in the Newark and Sherwood district of Nottinghamshire, England, whose population at the 2011 Census was 419.
The early life of Pope John Paul II covers the period in his life from his birth in 1920 to his ordination to the priesthood in 1946.
The East End of London, usually called the East End, is the historic core of wider East London, east of the Roman and medieval walls of the City of London, and north of the River Thames.
East Grinstead is a town and civil parish in the northeastern corner of Mid Sussex district of West Sussex in England near the East Sussex, Surrey, and Kent borders.
East Meon is a village and civil parish in the East Hampshire district of Hampshire, England.
Eastcote is an area established around an old village in the west of Greater London and is part of the London Borough of Hillingdon.
The Eastern Front of World War II was a theatre of conflict between the European Axis powers and co-belligerent Finland against the Soviet Union, Poland and other Allies, which encompassed Central Europe, Eastern Europe, Northeast Europe (Baltics), and Southeast Europe (Balkans) from 22 June 1941 to 9 May 1945.
The Eastern Front Medal was a World War II German military decoration awarded to both German and Axis personnel.
Ebbw Vale Steelworks was an integrated steel mill located in Ebbw Vale, South Wales.
Eberhard Kinzel (18 October 1897 – 23 May 1945) was a general in the Wehrmacht of Nazi Germany during World War II who commanded several divisions.
Eberswalde is a major town and the administrative seat of the district Barnim in the German Federal State (Bundesland) of Brandenburg, about 50 km northeast of Berlin.
Eckertal is a hamlet of about 160 inhabitants in Bad Harzburg in Lower Saxony, Germany.
Eckhard Christian (1 December 1907 – 3 January 1985) was a Luftwaffe officer in World War II, and rose to the rank of Generalmajor.
Edda Göring (born 2 June 1938) is the only child of German politician, military leader, and leading member of the Nazi Party Hermann Göring, by his second marriage to the German actress Emmy Sonnemann.
Edgar Karl Alfons Ende (23 February 1901 – 27 December 1965) was a German surrealist painter and father of the children's novelist Michael Ende.
Edgar Spottiswoode Humphreys (5 December 1914 – 31 March 1944), known as Hunk, was a British Bristol Blenheim bomber pilot who was taken prisoner during the Second World War.
Edgar James Kain, DFC (27 June 1918 – 7 June 1940) was a New Zealand fighter pilot and flying ace who flew in the Royal Air Force (RAF) during the Second World War.
Edgar Petersen (26 April 1904 – 10 June 1986) was a German bomber pilot in the Luftwaffe during World War II and recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross of Nazi Germany.
The Edinburgh derby is an informal title given to any football match played between Scottish clubs Heart of Midlothian (Hearts) and Hibernian (Hibs), the two professional clubs based in Edinburgh, Scotland.
Edith Bán Kiss, also Edit, née Rott (1905–1966) was a Hungarian sculptor and painter.
Edmund Ernest Garcia (March 25, 1905 – November 2, 1971) was a former United States Navy Rear Admiral who commanded the destroyer escort USS Sloat (DE-245) during World War II and participated in the invasions of North Africa, Sicily, and France.
Edmund Gwenn (born Edmund John Kellaway, 26 September 1877– 6 September 1959) was an English actor.
Eduard Isken (15 April 1918 – 7 January 1997) was a Luftwaffe ace and recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross during World War II.
Eduard "Edu" Neumann (5 June 1911 – 9 August 2004) was a Luftwaffe officer and commanded the famous Jagdgeschwader 27 ‘Afrika’ during the North African Campaign from 1941 to 1943.
Eduard-Maria Joseph Ritter von Schleich (August 9, 1888 – November 15, 1947), born Schleich, was a high scoring Bavarian flying ace of the First World War.
Eduard Tratt (24 February 1919 – 22 February 1944) was a Luftwaffe fighter, test pilot and flying ace of World War II.
Air Vice Marshal Edward Barker Addison (4 October 1898 – 4 July 1987) was a senior Royal Air Force (RAF) officer who served as Air Officer Commanding No. 100 Group from 1943 to 1945 during the Second World War.
Sir Edward "Ned" Fennessy (17 January 1912 – 21 November 2009) was an English electronics engineer who helped lead several developments of early radar systems under Robert Watson-Watt and went on to lead development of a variety of radio navigation systems.
General Sir Edward Pellew Quinan (9 January 1885 – 13 November 1960) was a British Army commander during the Second World War.
Edward VIII (Edward Albert Christian George Andrew Patrick David; 23 June 1894 – 28 May 1972) was King of the United Kingdom and the Dominions of the British Empire, and Emperor of India, from 20 January 1936 until his abdication on 11 December the same year, after which he became the Duke of Windsor.
Edwin Palmer Hoyt (August 5, 1923 – July 29, 2005) was an American writer who specialized in military history.
Eel Brook Common is common land in the London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham, close to Fulham Broadway, with its south-eastern boundary along New King's Road.
Egmont Prinz zur Lippe-Weißenfeld (14 July 1918 – 12 March 1944) was a Luftwaffe night fighter flying ace of royal descent during World War II.
Egon Mayer (19 August 1917 – 2 March 1944) was a German fighter pilot during World War II.
Egon Scheibe (28 September 1908 – 26 September 1997), Münchner Merkur, 26 September 2008, Deutsche biographische Enzyklopädie, ed.
The Ehrenpokal der Luftwaffe (Honor Goblet of the Luftwaffe) was a Luftwaffe award established on 27 February 1940 by ''Reichsmarschall'' Hermann Göring, the Reich Minister of Aviation and Commander-in-Chief of the Luftwaffe.
The Eighth Air Force (Air Forces Strategic) (8 AF) is a numbered air force (NAF) of the United States Air Force's Air Force Global Strike Command (AFGSC).
The Scouting Forces were several fighter flights formed by Eighth Air Force during World War II with a mission to check for Anti-Aircraft (flak) sites; weather conditions, and for Luftwaffe interceptor airfields and units in advance of heavy bomber missions over Occupied Europe and Nazi Germany.
The Einsatzstab Fähre Ost (the "Eastern Ferry Operations Staff"), referred to as EFO, was a German naval detachment operated by the Luftwaffe during the Second World War.
El Assa Airfield is an abandoned World War II military airfield located in the district of Nuqat al Khams, Libya.
El Djem (Tunisian Arabic: الجمّ; Latin Thysdrus) is a town in Mahdia Governorate, Tunisia, population 21,576 (2014 census).
El Djem Airfield is an abandoned World War II military airfield in Tunisia, which is located approximately west-northwest of El Djem; about south-southeast of Tunis.
Elastolin is a trademark used by the German company O&M Hausser (O&M Haußer) for the toy soldiers and other types of figures it manufactured from composite material and later from plastic.
Ellinikon International Airport, sometimes spelled Hellinikon (Ελληνικόν) was the international airport of Athens, Greece for sixty years up until 28 March 2001, when it was replaced by the new Athens International Airport "Eleftherios Venizelos".
Elmar Zeitler (12 March 1927) is a German physicist.
Emanuel Galea, also spelled Emmanuele Galea, (March 10, 1891 – August 21, 1974) was a bishop of the Roman Catholic Church.
The Embassy of the United States of America in Berlin is the diplomatic mission of the United States of America in the Federal Republic of Germany.
Emden is an independent city and seaport in Lower Saxony in the northwest of Germany, on the river Ems.
The Emergency Fighter Program (literally "Fighter Emergency Program") was the program that resulted from a decision taken on July 3, 1944 by the Luftwaffe regarding the German aircraft manufacturing companies during the last year of the Third Reich.
The Emergency Hospital Service (EHS) of Scotland was an intensive, publicly funded programme of hospital building conducted by the Department of Health for Scotland during the 1940s.
Emil Bitsch (14 June 1916 – 15 March 1944) was a Luftwaffe flying ace of World War II.
Emil Josef Clade (26 February 1916 – May 2010) was a Luftwaffe fighter ace in World War II, and figured in German civilian aviation after the war.
Emil Darjes was a Nazi Germany fighter pilot in World War 2.
Emil Fahrenkamp (November 8, 1885, Aachen – May 24, 1966, Ratingen-Breitscheid) was a German architect and professor, one of the most prominent architects of the interwar period, best known for his 1931 Shell-Haus in Berlin.
Emil Lang (14 January 1909 – 3 September 1944), nicknamed "Bully", was a Luftwaffe flying ace during World War II.
Emil Maurice (19 January 1897, Westermoor – 6 February 1972, Munich) was an early member of the National Socialist German Workers Party (Nazi Party) and a founding member of the Schutzstaffel (SS).
Emil Omert (15 January 1918 – 24 April 1944) was a German Luftwaffe ace and recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross during World War II.
Emil Thuy (11 March 1894 – 11 June 1930), Pour le Merite, Württemberg's Order of Military Merit, House Order of Hohenzollern, Iron Cross First and Second Class, was one of the leading German fighter aces of World War I, with 35 victories.
Emma Johanna Henny "Emmy" Göring (née Sonnemann; 24 March 1893 – 8 June 1973) was a German actress and the second wife of Luftwaffe Commander-in-Chief Hermann Göring.
Enemy Ace is DC Comics property about the adventures of a skilled but troubled German anti-hero and flying ace in World War I and World War II, Hans von Hammer, known to the world as "The Hammer of Hell." Debuting in 1965, the comic was written by Robert Kanigher and drawn by Joe Kubert and the character has been revived several times since by other writers & artists.
Enschede Airport Twente is located outside of Enschede, Twente, Netherlands.
Entwicklungsring Süd (EWR) was a German consortium formed in 1959 to build a Mach 2 Vertical Take-Off Interceptor for the Luftwaffe.
The Enzian (named for a genus of mountain flower, in English the Gentian) was a German WWII surface-to-air anti-aircraft missile that was the first to use a radio controlled guidance system.
Erbo Graf von Kageneck (2 April 1918 – 12 January 1942) was a German fighter pilot during World War II.
Erding Air Base (German: Fliegerhorst Erding, ICAO: ETSE) is a German Air Force airfield near the town of Erding, about northeast of central Munich in Bavaria.
Erdmann & Rossi was originally a coachbuilding company based in Berlin, Germany.
The Erebus class of warships was a class of 20th century Royal Navy monitors armed with a main battery of two 15-inch /42 Mk 1 guns in a single turret.
A Ergänzungs-Jagdgeschwader (EJG) was a Luftwaffe replacement training unit which was part of a larger operational Jagdgeschwader.
Ergänzungs-Jagdgruppe Ost (EJGr Ost) (Supplementary Fighter Group, East) was a fighter pilot training unit of the German Luftwaffe in World War II.
Ergänzungs-Jagdgruppe West (EJGr West) (Supplementary Fighter Group, West) was a fighter pilot training unit of the German Luftwaffe in World War II.
Erhard Milch (30 March 1892 – 25 January 1972) was a German field marshal and war criminal who oversaw the development of the Luftwaffe as part of the re-armament of Nazi Germany following World War I. During World War II, he was in charge of aircraft production; his ineffective management resulted in the decline of the German air force and its loss of air superiority as the war progressed.
Eric Braeden (born Hans-Jörg Gudegast; April 3, 1941) is a German-American film and television actor, known for his roles as Victor Newman on the soap opera The Young and the Restless, as Hans Dietrich in the 1960s TV series The Rat Patrol, Dr.
Captain Eric Melrose "Winkle" Brown, CBE, DSC, AFC, Hon FRAeS, RN (21 January 1919 – 21 February 2016) was a British Royal Navy officer and test pilot who flew 487 types of aircraft, more than anyone else in history.
Eric Stanley Lock, (19 April 1919 – 3 August 1941) was a Royal Air Force (RAF) fighter pilot and flying ace of the Second World War.
Sir Eric Malcolm Jones (27 April 1907 – 24 December 1986) is a former director of the British signals intelligence agency, GCHQ, a post he held from 1952 to 1960.
Eric Lawrence Moxey, GC (14 April 1894 – 27 August 1940) was an officer of the Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve who was posthumously awarded the George Cross for attempting to defuse enemy bombs on an airfield in 1940.
Erich Alfred Hartmann (19 April 1922 – 20 September 1993), nicknamed "Bubi" ("The Kid") by his German comrades and the "Black Devil" by his Soviet adversaries, was a German fighter pilot during World War II and the most successful fighter ace in the history of aerial warfare.
Erich Hohagen (9 January 1915 – 8 March 1990) was a German general in the Bundeswehr.
Erich Kästner (10 March 1900 – 1 January 2008) was the last documented World War I veteran who fought for the German Empire (including all nationalities and ethnic groups) and the last who was born in Germany.
Erich Kempka (16 September 1910 – 24 January 1975) was a member of the SS in Nazi Germany who served as Adolf Hitler's primary chauffeur from 1934 to April 1945.
Erich Leie (10 September 1916 – 7 March 1945) was a German pilot during World War II.
Erich Karl Alexander Petersen (25 August 1889 – 4 July 1963) was a German general during the Second World War.
Erich Rudorffer (1 November 1917 – 8 April 2016) was a German Luftwaffe fighter ace who was one of a handful who served with the Luftwaffe through the whole of World War II.
Erich "Schmidtchen" Schmidt (17 November 1914 – 31 August 1941) was a Luftwaffe ace and recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross during World War II.
Erich von Manstein (24 November 1887 – 9 June 1973) was a German commander of the Wehrmacht, Nazi Germany's armed forces during the Second World War.
Erich Warsitz (18 October 1906, Hattingen, Westphalia – 12 July 1983) was a German test pilot of the 1930s.
(born 25 July 1943) is a German conservative politician.
Ernest Frank Guelph Cox (1883–1959) was an English engineer, with knowledge in electrical and mechanical engineering, which he notably deployed in marine salvage.
Ernest Harmon Air Force Base is a former United States Air Force base located in Stephenville, Newfoundland and Labrador.
Ernest "Imshi" Mason DFC and Bar (29 July 1913 – 15 February 1942) was a British World War II flying ace, credited with one Luftwaffe and 14 Regia Aeronautica aircraft destroyed, two shared destroyed, three damaged and another three shared damaged in the air.
Ernst Börngen (7 February 1916 – 30 June 1989) was a Luftwaffe ace and recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross during World War II.
Ernst Bormann (5 November 1897 – 1 August 1960) was a German World War I Luftstreitkräfte flying ace and a Generalmajor of the Luftwaffe during World War II.
Ernst Buffa (14 February 1893 – 19 September 1971) was a general in the Luftwaffe of Nazi Germany during World War II.
Ernst Düllberg (28 March 1913 – 27 July 1984) was a former German Luftwaffe fighter ace and recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross during World War II.
Ernst Holzlöhner (23 February 1899 in Insterburg, Germany – June 1945) was a German physiologist, university lecturer and national socialist.
Ernst Jakob Henne (&ndash) was a German motorcycle racer and racecar driver.
Ernst Kühl (24 October 1888 – 2 February 1972) was a German officer in the Luftwaffe during World War II.
Ernst Kupfer (2 July 1907 – 6 November 1943) was a ground-attack pilot in the Luftwaffe of Nazi Germany during World War II who commanded a wing (StG 2) of Stuka aircraft.
Ernst Sagebiel (2 October 1892 in Braunschweig (Brunswick) – 5 March 1970 in Bavaria) was a German architect.
Ernst Scheufele (died 2010) was a Luftwaffe fighter ace during World War II, attached to JG 5.
Ernst Udet (26 April 1896 – 17 November 1941) was a German pilot and air force general during World War II.
Arnošt Valenta (25 October 1912 – 31 March 1944) was a Czechoslovak Army officer who became a Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve radio operator.
Ernst-August Roth (19 April 1898 – 26 September 1975) was a highly decorated Generalleutnant in the Luftwaffe during World War II.
Ernst-Georg Drünkler (8 July 1920 – 12 March 1997) was a Luftwaffe night fighter ace and recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross during World War II.
Ernst-Wilhelm Modrow (5 May 1908 – 10 September 1990) was a German night fighter pilot in the Luftwaffe of Nazi Germany.
Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert (2 February 1919 – 5 September 2007) was a German Luftwaffe military aviator during World War II, a fighter ace credited with 174 enemy aircraft shot down in 715 combat missions.
An Erprobungskommando (EKdo) ("Testing-command") was a variety of Luftwaffe special-purpose unit tasked with the testing of new aircraft and weaponry under operational conditions.
Erwin Clausen (5 August 1911 – 4 October 1943) was a German Luftwaffe military aviator during World War II, a fighter ace credited with 132 aerial victories—that is, 132 aerial combat encounters resulting in the destruction of the enemy aircraft—claimed in 561 combat missions.
Erwin Dold (16 November 1919 in Wagensteig, part of the community of Buchenbach – 11 September 2012 in Buchenbach), despite the fact that he was not a Party member, was a fighter pilot in the Luftwaffe, then sergeant-major in the Luftwaffe ground staff, Commandant of the Concentration Camp Dautmergen, and director of the lumber company Dold Holzwerke in Buchenbach.
Erwin Peter Nytz or Edward Piotr Nyc (May 24, 1914 in Kattowitz (Katowice), German Empire - May 1, 1988) was an interwar Polish soccer midfield player.
Eschborn Airfield (Fliegerhorst Eschborn) is an abandoned military airfield in Germany located approximately 10 km northwest of Frankfurt am Main (Hessen) and 435 km southwest of Berlin.
Eschwege Airfield is a former military airfield located in Germany in the northwest part of Eschwege (Hessen); approximately 170 miles southwest of Berlin.
The escort fighter was a World War II concept for a fighter aircraft designed to escort bombers to and from their targets.
The Essex (Fortress) Royal Engineers was a volunteer unit of Britain's Royal Engineers formed to defend the Essex coast.
"Eternity Road" is a song by the band The Moody Blues from their 1969 album To Our Children's Children's Children, a concept album about space travel.
Feldwebel Eugen Bönsch was a World War I flying ace credited with 16 aerial victories.
Eugen Meindl (16 July 1892 – 24 January 1951) was a German paratroop general in the Luftwaffe of Nazi Germany during World War II.
European Air War is a combat flight simulator developed by Third Wire and published by MicroProse in 1998.
The European theatre of World War II, also known as the Second European War, was a huge area of heavy fighting across Europe, from Germany's and the Soviet Union's joint invasion of Poland in September 1939 until the end of the war with the Soviet Union conquering most of Eastern Europe along with the German unconditional surrender on 8 May 1945 (Victory in Europe Day).
The Euthanasia trials (Euthanasie-Prozesse) were legal proceedings against the main perpetrators and accomplices involved in the euthanasia killings of the Nazi era in Germany.
The occupants of the Channel Islands became involved in European events of 1938–39 only as distant and worried listeners to the radio and readers of newspapers.
The evacuation of the Polish Army from Saint-Jean-de-Luz took place in June 1940 during the Second World War following their fight in the Battle of France, where 55,000 men of the Polish Army in France had fought.
Exeter Airport, formerly Exeter International Airport, is an airport located at Clyst Honiton in the District of East Devon close to the city of Exeter and within the county of Devon, South West England.
The term Exeter Blitz refers to the air raids by the German air force on the British city of Exeter, Devon, during the Second World War.
Wing Commander Forest Frederick Edward "Tommy" Yeo-Thomas & Bar (17 June 1902 – 26 February 1964) was a British Special Operations Executive (SOE) agent in the Second World War.
Frederick William Winterbotham (16 April 1897 – 28 January 1990) was a British Royal Air Force officer (latterly a Group Captain) who during World War II supervised the distribution of Ultra intelligence.
Faßberg Air Base (Heeresflugplatz Faßberg) is located northeast of the municipality of Faßberg, Lower Saxony, Germany.
A factory or manufacturing plant is an industrial site, usually consisting of buildings and machinery, or more commonly a complex having several buildings, where workers manufacture goods or operate machines processing one product into another.
The Fairchild Republic A-10 Thunderbolt II is a single-seat, twin turbofan engine, straight wing jet aircraft developed by Fairchild-Republic for the United States Air Force (USAF).
The Fairey Battle was a British single-engine light bomber designed and manufactured by the Fairey Aviation Company.
The Fairey Fox was a British light bomber and fighter biplane of the 1920s and 1930s.
The Fairey Swordfish was a biplane torpedo bomber designed by the Fairey Aviation Company.
Falling Angel is a 1978 horror novel by William Hjortsberg.
Fallschirmjäger is the German word for paratroopers.
The Fallschirmjäger were the paratrooper (Fallschirmjäger) branch of the German Luftwaffe before and during World War II.
Fantasy Mission Force (Pinyin: Min ne te gong-dui) is a 1983 Hong Kong horror action mo lei tau film directed by Kevin Chu and starring Jackie Chan (who got top billing) in a supporting role, Brigitte Lin, Jimmy Wang Yu.
is a municipality in Vest-Agder county, Norway.
Farsund Airport, Lista (Farsund lufthavn, Lista) is an airport situated on the Lista peninsula in the municipality of Farsund in Vest-Agder county, Norway.
Fähnrich is an officer candidate rank in the Austrian Bundesheer and German Bundeswehr.
Förster or Foerster is a German surname meaning "forester".
Führer Directive No.
The Führermuseum (English, Leader's Museum), also referred to as the Linz art gallery, was an unrealized art museum within a cultural complex planned by Adolf Hitler for his hometown, the Austrian city of Linz, near his birthplace of Braunau.
Adolf Hitler's special train, the Führersonderzug was named Führersonderzug "Amerika" in 1940, and later Führersonderzug "Brandenburg".
Fürstenfeldbruck is a town in Bavaria, Germany, located 32 kilometres west of Munich.
Fürstenfeldbruck Air Base (German: "Fliegerhorst Fürstenfeldbruck"; now "Flugplatz Fürstenfeldbruck") is a German Air Force airfield near the town of Fürstenfeldbruck in Bavaria, near Munich, Germany.
Fürth Airfield is a former military airfield located in Germany about 2 miles north-northeast of Fürth (Bavaria); approximately 200 miles south-southwest of Berlin.
FŁT-Kraśnik is a joint-stock company which belongs to the Polish Treasury.
Football Club Dynamo Kyiv is a Ukrainian professional football club based in Kiev.
The FDR Drive (officially referred to as the Franklin D. Roosevelt East River Drive, and sometimes known as the FDR) is a freeway-standard parkway on the east side of the New York City borough of Manhattan.
The following events occurred in February 1916.
The following events occurred in February 1917.
The following events occurred in February 1918.
The following events occurred in February 1935.
The Federation of Independents (Verband der Unabhängigen, VdU) was a German nationalist and national-liberal political party in Austria active from 1949 to 1955.
Fedje Vessel Traffic Service Centre (Fedje trafikksentral), commonly abbreviated Fedje VTS, is a vessel traffic service and pilot station situated on the island of Fedje in Fedje, Norway.
The Feldgendarmerie were the gendarmerie; a type of military police units of the armies of the Kingdom of Saxony (from 1810), the German Empire and the Third Reich until the conclusion of World War II.
The Feldjäger is the name given to the military police of the Bundeswehr, Germany's armed forces.
Feldpost is the German military mail service.
The German Feldpost number (FPN) (German: Feldpostnummer) was a sort of postcode used for items sent by either military mail or airmail.
Felix Heinrich Wankel (13 August 1902 – 9 October 1988) was a German mechanical engineer and inventor after whom the Wankel engine was named.
The Fend Flitzer was a three-wheeled invalid carriage designed and built by Fritz Fend.
Ferdinand Feichtner (* 3 February 1908 in Augsburg, Bavaria) was a German, Luftwaffe radar and radio intercept specialist, before and during the time of World War II and who became Chief Signals Officer of the Luftnachrichten Abteilung 352, the Signals intelligence agency, whose task was the mapping and interception of communication intelligence of Allied Air Forces in the Mediterranean area.
Ferdinand Foltin (30 November 1916 – 18 May 2007) was an Austrian officer in the paratroop forces (Fallschirmjäger) of Nazi Germany during World War II and a general in the post-war Austrian Armed Forces.
Ferryhill railway station was a railway station located in Ferryhill in County Durham, Northeast England.
In the German language, Festung Warschau ("Fortress Warsaw") is the term used to refer to a fortified and well-defended Warsaw.
The FG 42 (German: Fallschirmjägergewehr 42, "paratrooper rifle 42") is a selective-fire automatic rifle produced in Nazi Germany during World War II.
The Fiat A.30 R.A. was an Italian water-cooled aircraft engine from the 1920s, built in large numbers and serving with several air forces up to the beginning of World War II.
The Fiat CR.30 was a 1930s Italian single-seat biplane fighter aircraft designed by Celestino Rosatelli and built by Fiat.
The Fiat CR.32 was an Italian biplane fighter used in the Spanish Civil War and World War II.
The Fiat CR.42 Falco ("Falcon", plural: Falchi) was a single-seat sesquiplane fighter developed and produced by Italian aircraft manufacturer Fiat Aviazione.
The Fiat G.12 was an Italian transport aircraft of World War II.
The Fiat G.50 Freccia ("Arrow") was a World War II Italian fighter aircraft developed and manufactured by aviation company Fiat.
The Fiat G.55 Centauro (Italian: "Centaur") was a single-engine single-seat World War II fighter aircraft used by the Regia Aeronautica and the A.N.R. (Aeronautica Nazionale Repubblicana) in 1943–1945.
The Field Cathedral of the Polish Army (Katedra Polowa Wojska Polskiego, also known as the Church of Our Lady Queen of the Polish Crown) is the main garrison church of Warsaw and the representative cathedral of the entire Polish Army.
The Gerhard Fieseler Werke (GFW) in Kassel was a German aircraft manufacturer of the 1930s and 1940s.
The Fieseler Fi 103R, code-named Reichenberg, was a late-World War II German manned version of the V-1 flying bomb (more correctly known as the Fieseler Fi 103) produced for attacks in which the pilot was likely to be killed (as actually intended, for use of the Imperial Japanese Naval Air Service's Ohka rocket-powered kamikaze suicide anti-ship missile) or at best to parachute down at the attack site, which were to be carried out by the "Leonidas Squadron", V. Gruppe of the Luftwaffe's Kampfgeschwader 200.
The Fieseler Fi 156 Storch (English: Stork) was a small German liaison aircraft built by Fieseler before and during World War II.
The Fieseler Fi 167 was a 1930s German biplane torpedo and reconnaissance bomber designed for use from the Graf Zeppelin class aircraft carriers under construction from 1936 to 1942.
The Fieseler Fi 333 was a prototype transport aircraft developed by Fieseler, and backed by the Luftwaffe.
A fighter aircraft is a military aircraft designed primarily for air-to-air combat against other aircraft, as opposed to bombers and attack aircraft, whose main mission is to attack ground targets.
The Fighter Interception Unit (FIU) was a special interceptor aircraft unit of the Royal Air Force (RAF) during the Second World War.
The so-called Fighter Pilots' Revolt was a minor insurrection of a small group of high-ranking Luftwaffe pilots in early 1945, when they confronted Reich Marshal and chief of the Luftwaffe Hermann Göring with their demands on the conduct of the air war.
Fighter Squadron is a 1948 American World War II aviation war film in Technicolor from Warner Bros., produced by Seton I. Miller, directed by Raoul Walsh, that stars Edmond O'Brien, Robert Stack, and John Rodney.
Fighter World is an Australian aviation museum.
Fighter: The True Story of the Battle of Britain is a Second World War military history book by English author Len Deighton.
A fighting knife is a knife with a blade designed to inflict a lethal injury in a physical confrontation between two or more individuals at very short range (grappling distance).
Films made in the 1970s featuring the character of James Bond included Diamonds Are Forever, Live and Let Die, The Man with the Golden Gun, The Spy Who Loved Me, and Moonraker.
A fin flash is part of the national markings of the military aircraft of a number of countries.
The "Finger-four" formation (also known as the "four finger formation" and the "Fingertip Formation"), is a flight formation used by fighter aircraft.
The Finnish Air Force (FAF or FiAF) (Ilmavoimat ("Air Forces"), Flygvapnet) ("Air Arm") is one of the branches of the Finnish Defence Forces.
The Finsbury Rifles was a unit of Britain's Volunteer Force and later Territorial Army from 1860 to 1961.
Firebombing is a bombing technique designed to damage a target, generally an urban area, through the use of fire, caused by incendiary devices, rather than from the blast effect of large bombs.
First Flights was half-hour televised aviation history documentary series.
The First Motion Picture Unit (FMPU), later 18th Army Air Forces Base Unit, was the primary film production unit of the US Army Air Forces (USAAF) during World War II and was the first military unit made up entirely of professionals from the film industry.
A fixed-wing aircraft is an aircraft, such as an airplane or aeroplane (note the two different spellings), which is capable of flight using wings that generate lift caused by the vehicle's forward airspeed and the shape of the wings.
A flak corps (Flakkorps) was a massed anti-aircraft (AA) artillery formation employed by the Luftwaffe for anti-aircraft, antitank, and fire support operations in World War II.
Flak towers (Flaktürme) were eight complexes of large, above-ground, anti-aircraft gun blockhouse towers constructed by Nazi Germany in the cities of Berlin (3), Hamburg (2), and Vienna (3) from 1940 onwards.
Flandrau State Park is a state park of Minnesota, United States, on the Cottonwood River adjacent to the city of New Ulm.
Flare Path is a play by Terence Rattigan, written in 1941 and first staged in 1942.
Flecktarn ("mottled camouflage"; also known as Flecktarnmuster or Fleckentarn) is a family of 3-, 4-, 5- or 6-color disruptive camouflage patterns, the most common being the five-color pattern, consisting of dark green, light green, black, red brown and green brown or tan depending on the manufacturer.
The Flensburg Government (Flensburger Regierung), also known as the Flensburg Cabinet (Flensburger Kabinett), the Dönitz Government (Regierung Dönitz), or the Schwerin von Krosigk Cabinet (Kabinett Schwerin von Krosigk), was the short-lived government of Nazi Germany during a period of three weeks around the end of World War II in Europe.
The FuG 227 Flensburg was a German passive radar receiver developed by Siemens & Halske and introduced into service in Spring 1944.
The Flettner Fl 265 was an experimental helicopter designed by Anton Flettner.
The Flettner Fl 282 Kolibri ("Hummingbird") is a single-seat intermeshing rotor helicopter, or synchropter, produced by Anton Flettner of Germany.
Fliegerführer Afrika was part of Luftflotte 2 (Air Fleet 2), one of the primary divisions of the German Luftwaffe in World War II.
Fliegerführer Atlantik (German: "Flyer Command Atlantic") was a World War II Luftwaffe naval command dedicated to maritime patrol.
Flyer Command Iraq (Fliegerführer Irak) was a unit of the German Air Force (Luftwaffe) sent to Iraq in May 1941 as part of a German mission to support the regime of Rashid Ali during the Anglo-Iraqi War.
Fliegerhorst Vlamertinge is a former military air base, located 8.4 km east-southeast of Poperinge in West Flanders, Belgium.
Florennes Air Base is a Belgian Air Component military airfield located east southeast of Florennes, a Walloon municipality of Belgium.
The Flower-class corvetteGardiner and Chesneau 1980, p. 62.
Sömmerda-Dermsdorf Airport (Flugplatz Sömmerda-Dermsdorf) is a regional airport in Germany.
The Flyer's Commemorative Badge was a German military decoration awarded to active and reserve personnel who had been honorably discharged from flying duties.
Flyhistorisk Museum, Sola (Sola Aviation Museum) is an aviation museum located in Stavanger Airport, Sola, near Stavanger, Norway.
A flying ace, fighter ace or air ace is a military aviator credited with shooting down several enemy aircraft during aerial combat.
The Focke Rochen, also known as Focke-Wulf Schnellflugzeug or Focke-Wulf VTOL was a German VTOL aircraft project.
The Focke-Achgelis Fa 223 Drache (Dragon) was a helicopter developed by Germany during World War II.
The Focke-Achgelis Fa 284 was a project to develop a large transport helicopter, designed in 1943 by Focke-Achgelis for use by the Luftwaffe.
Focke-Wulf Flugzeugbau AG was a German manufacturer of civil and military aircraft before and during World War II.
The Focke-Wulf 1000x1000x1000, also known as Focke-Wulf Fw 239, was a twin-jet bomber project for the Luftwaffe, designed by the Focke-Wulf aircraft manufacturing company during the last years of the Third Reich.
The Focke-Wulf Fw 187 Falke ("falcon") was a German aircraft developed in the late 1930s.
The Focke-Wulf Fw 189 Uhu ("Eagle Owl") is a German twin-engine, twin-boom, three-seat tactical reconnaissance and army cooperation aircraft.
The Focke-Wulf Fw 190 Würger (Shrike) is a German single-seat, single-engine fighter aircraft designed by Kurt Tank in the late 1930s and widely used during World War II.
The Focke-Wulf Fw 190 Würger was used by the Luftwaffe during the Second World War in a variety of roles.
The Focke-Wulf Fw 191 was a prototype German bomber of World War II, as the Focke-Wulf firm's entry for the Bomber B advanced medium bomber design competition.
The Focke-Wulf Fw 200 Condor, also known as Kurier to the Allies, was a German all-metal four-engined monoplane originally developed by Focke-Wulf as a long-range airliner.
The Focke-Wulf Fw 300 was a proposed very-long-range civil airliner, transport, reconnaissance aircraft and anti-ship aircraft, designed by Focke-Wulf in 1941 and 1942.
The Focke-Wulf Fw 42 was a design for a twin-engined medium bomber, of canard configuration, that was designed by Focke-Wulf Flugzeugbau AG in Germany in the early 1930s.
The Focke-Wulf Fw 44 is a 1930s German two-seat biplane known as the Stieglitz ("Goldfinch").
The Focke Wulf Fw 56 Stösser (German: goshawk) was a single-engine, high-wing monoplane advanced trainer, built in the 1930s in Germany.
The Focke-Wulf Fw 58 Weihe ("Harrier") was a German aircraft, built to fill a request by the Luftwaffe for a multi-role aircraft, to be used as an advanced trainer for pilots, gunners and radio operators.
The Focke-Wulf Super Lorin was a proposed German jet interceptor project.
The Focke-Wulf Ta 152 was a World War II German high-altitude fighter-interceptor designed by Kurt Tank and produced by Focke-Wulf.
The Focke-Wulf Ta 154 Moskito was a fast twin-engined German night fighter aircraft designed by Kurt Tank and produced by Focke-Wulf during late World War II.
The Focke-Wulf Ta 183 Huckebein was a design for a jet-powered fighter aircraft intended as the successor to the Messerschmitt Me 262 and other day fighters in Luftwaffe service during World War II.
The Focke-Wulf Ta 283 was a German swept wing, ramjet-powered interceptor aircraft proposal during World War II.
The Focke-Wulf Ta 400 was a large six-engined heavy bomber design developed in Nazi Germany in 1943 by Focke-Wulf as a serious contender for the Amerika Bomber project.
The Focke-Wulf Volksjäger, meaning "People's Fighter" in German, was a German emergency fighter project for the Luftwaffe.
The Foggia Airfield Complex was a series of World War II military airfields located within a radius of Foggia, in the Province of Foggia, Italy.
The Fokker C.V was a Dutch light reconnaissance and bomber biplane aircraft manufactured by Fokker.
The Fokker D.XXI fighter was designed in 1935 by Dutch aircraft manufacturer Fokker in response to requirements laid out by the Royal Netherlands East Indies Army Air Force (Militaire Luchtvaart van het Koninklijk Nederlands-Indisch Leger, ML-KNIL).
The Fokker F.IX was an airliner developed in the Netherlands in the late 1920s, intended to provide KLM with an aircraft suitable for regular services to the Dutch East Indies.
The Fokker G.I was a Dutch heavy twin-engined fighter aircraft comparable in size and role to the German Messerschmitt Bf 110.
The Fokker T.V was a twin-engine bomber, described as an "aerial cruiser", built by Fokker for the Netherlands Air Force.
The Fokker T.VIII was a Dutch twin-engined torpedo-bomber and reconnaissance floatplane developed in the late 1930s, which served in the Dutch, British and German air forces.
The Mk 4 Folding-Fin Aerial Rocket (FFAR), also known as Mighty Mouse, was an unguided rocket used by United States military aircraft.
Foleshill is a suburb in the north of Coventry in the West Midlands of England.
Folkestone Borough Police was the borough police force for the town of Folkestone in Kent.
The Folly Tower - (Tŵr Ffoledd) - is a folly located within the grounds of a working farm, close to Pontypool Park, Torfaen, South Wales (Grid ref). It is a prominent local landmark above the A4042 Pontypool to Abergavenny road and overlooks Pontypool to the west and rural Monmouthshire to the east.
The Football League War Cup was an association football tournament held between 1939 and 1945.
Force 10 from Navarone is a 1978 British-American war film loosely based on Alistair MacLean's 1968 novel of the same name.
Force H was a British naval formation during the Second World War.
The Ford Southampton plant was a motor vehicle assembly plant, located in Swaythling on the north eastern outskirts of Southampton, England.
Foreign Correspondent (a.k.a. Imposter and Personal History) is a 1940 American spy thriller film directed by Alfred Hitchcock.
The Spanish Civil War had large numbers of non-Spanish citizens participating in combat and advisory positions.
Foreign relations of the Axis powers includes states which were not officially members of the Axis but had relations with one or more Axis members.
The Vichy regime, proclaimed by Marshal Philippe Pétain after the Fall of France in 1940 before Nazi Germany, was quickly recognized by the Allies, as well as by the USSR, until 30 June 1941 and Operation Barbarossa.
"Forever and Ever" is a popular song.
The Fort de Chaudfontaine, also called the Fort de la Rochette, is one of twelve forts built as part of the fortifications of Liège in the late 19th century in Belgium.
The Fort de Mutzig, also known as Feste Kaiser Wilhelm II, is located near the town of Mutzig, in the Bas-Rhin department of France.
Fort Dunlop, is the common name of the original tyre factory and main office of Dunlop Rubber in the Erdington district of Birmingham, England.
Fort Henry (also known as Fort Henry National Historic Site) is located in Kingston, Ontario, Canada on Point Henry, a strategic, elevated point near the mouth of the Cataraqui River where it flows into the St. Lawrence River at the east end of Lake Ontario.
The Forth Bridge is a cantilever railway bridge across the Firth of Forth in the east of Scotland, west of Edinburgh City Centre.
Forthbank Park was a sports venue in Stirling, Scotland until 1940.
Fortress Division Swinemünde was an ad-hoc formation under the command of Baron Hermmann Von Pfel, and organized by Seekommandant Pommern (Naval Command Pomerania) in the port of Swinemünde.