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A Jihad for Love (preceded by a short film called In the Name of Allah) is a 2008 documentary film and was the world’s first film on Islam and homosexuality.
A Letter for Tomorrow (نامهای برای فردا; also translated Letter for the Future) is an open letter first published on 3 May 2004, by then-President of Iran Mohammad Khatami, addressing Iranian citizens, especially the youth.
"A New Beginning" is the name of a speech delivered by United States President Barack Obama on 4 June 2009, from the Major Reception Hall at Cairo University in Egypt.
Hojjatoleslam Abbas Amirifar is the prayer leader of Iranian president Mahmoud Ahmadinejad and head of the presidential cultural committee.
Abbas Araghchi (عباس عراقچی,; born 1960 in Tehran) is an Iranian diplomat who is currently the political deputy at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Iran.
Abbas Mohtaj (عباس محتاج) is an Iranian military officer and politician.
Abbas-Ali Amid Zanjani (30 March 1937 – 30 October 2011) was an Iranian politician and cleric.
Abbasabad (عباس اباد, also Romanized as Abbāsābād and Abasabad) is a village in Minjavan-e Gharbi Rural District, Minjavan District, Khoda Afarin County, East Azerbaijan Province, Iran.
Abdolali Bazargan (عبدالعلی بازرگان; born 14 August 1943 in Tehran, Iran) is an Iranian liberal politician, writer and intellectual who is current deputy leader of Freedom Movement of Iran. He was one of five major figures in the Green Movement to author a manifesto calling for the resignation of Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad in 2009.
Abdolreza Ghanbari (born) is an Iranian university lecturer convicted of Moharebeh (waging war against God) currently awaiting execution in Iran.
Abdolreza Mesri (born 1956 in Kermanshah) is an Iranian politician.
Abdolreza Rahmani Fazli (عبدالرضا رحمانی فضلی; born 1959) is an Iranian conservative politician and interior minister of Hassan Rouhani's government.
Abdolvahed Mousavi Lari (born 1954) is an Iranian Shia cleric and reformist politician.
Abdulaziz bin Abdullah bin Abdulaziz Al Saud (عبد العزيز بن عبد الله بن عبد العزيز آل سعود) is the Saudi deputy minister of foreign affairs, and a member of the country's royal family.
Ayatollah Abolghasem Khazali Boroujerdi (ابولقاسم خزعلی بروجردی, 21 March 1925 – 16 September 2015) was a hardline Iranian politician, fundamentalist Shi'i cleric and a founding member of Haghani school with close ties with Mahmoud Ahmadinejad and Saeed Jalili.
Abolghasem Salavati (ابوالقاسم صلواتی; born 16 July 1967) is the head of the 15th branch of the Islamic Revolutionary Court in Tehran, Iran.
Academic freedom in the Middle East is a contested and debated issue, which has caught regional and international attention.
Adam Noah Levine (born March 18, 1979) is an American singer and songwriter.
Roughly one-third of Iran's total surface area is suited for farmland, but because of poor soil and lack of adequate water distribution in many areas, most of it is not under cultivation.
AhlulBayt News Agency abbreviated ABNA is an Iranian online news aggregator based in Qom.
Ahmad Alirezabeighi (احمد علیرضابیگی, born 1957 in Shabestar) is an Iranian retired police officer and principlist politician who currently serves as member of the Iranian Parliament representing Tabriz, Osku and Azarshahr electoral district.
Seyyed Ahmad Fardid (سید احمد فردید) (Born in 1912, Yazd – 16 August 1994, Tehran), born Ahmad Mahini Yazdi, was a prominent Iranian philosopher and an inspiring and dedicated professor of Tehran University.
Ahmad Kazemi (احمد کاظمی) (22 July 1958 – 9 January 2006) was an Iranian commander in the Army of the Guardians of the Islamic Revolution and one of the most notable commanders in Iran–Iraq War.
Ahmad Keshvari (احمد کشوری; July 1953 – 7 December 1980) was a AH-1J SeaCobra pilot in the Army Aviation (''Havanirooz'') of Iran.
Ahmad Masjed-Jamei (احمد مسجدجامعی) is an Iranian reformist politician and academic who was chairman of City Council of Tehran from 3 September 2013 until 3 September 2014.
Ahmad Motevaselian (احمد متوسلیان), an Iranian military attaché, was one of four Iranians that disappeared in Lebanon in 1982.
Ahmad Tavakkoli (born 5 March 1951) is an Iranian conservative politician, journalist and anti-corruption activist.
Ahmad Vahidi (احمد وحیدی, born 27 June 1958) is an Iranian military commander of the Revolutionary Guards.
Ahmed Abdel Hadi Chalabi (أحمد عبد الهادي الجلبي; 30 October 1944 – 3 November 2015) was an Iraqi politician, a founder of the Iraqi National Congress (INC) and the President of the Governing Council of Iraq (37th Prime Minister of Iraq) He was interim Minister of Oil in Iraq in April–May 2005 and December 2005 – January 2006 and Deputy Prime Minister from May 2005 to May 2006.
Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani (Akbar Hāshemī Rafsanjānī or Hashemi Bahramani; 25 August 1934 – 8 January 2017) was an influential Iranian politician, writer and one of the founding fathers of the Islamic Republic who was the fourth President of Iran from 3 August 1989 until 3 August 1997.
Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani (اکبر هاشمی رفسنجانی,, Hashemi Bahramani هاشمی بهرمانی) served as the fourth president of Iran from 1989 until 1997.
Akbar Nikzad (اکبر نیکزاد, born 1969 in Ardabil) is an Iranian politician, and the Governor of Ardabil Province and Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad Province since 2011 to 2013 the Government of Mahmoud Ahmadinejad.
AlAyam (meaning The Days in English) is an Arabic newspaper published in Bahrain and based in Manama.
Alaeddin Boroujerdi (born 1950) is a member of Iranian parliament and former Chairman for the Committee for Foreign Policy and National Security of the Islamic Consultative Assembly of Iran.
Alan Park (born November 5, 1962) is a Canadian comedian and political satirist best known for his appearances on the Royal Canadian Air Farce.
Ali Abdollahi Aliabadi (علی عبداللهی علیآبادی) is an Iranian senior military officer and politician who is currently coordinator deputy of General Staff of Armed Forces of the Islamic Republic of Iran.
Ayatollah Seyed Ali Akbar Ghoreishi (علی اکبر قریشی, was born 1928 in Bonab, East Azerbaijan) is an Iranian Shiite cleric, author and politician.
Ali Akbar Javanfekr (born 12 June 1959) is a senior Iranian politician and the presidential advisor for press affairs and as of 19 December 2010, He is the Managing-Director of IRNA since 1 November 2010 On 20 November 2011, he was sentenced to a year in prison on charges of "publishing materials contrary to Islamic norms", this was later uphold by the court.
Ali Akbar Mehrabian (علیاكبر محرابيان, born 1970) is an Iranian politician who was minister of industries and mines from 2 November 2007 to 3 August 2011 and master's degree in economic science from Tehran University.
Ali Akbar Nateq-Nouri (علیاکبر ناطقنوری; sometimes spelt Nategh-Nouri) (born 6 October 1944) is an Iranian politician.
Ali Akbar Salehi (علیاکبر صالحی,; born 24 March 1949) is an Iranian academic, diplomat and the head of Atomic Energy Organization of Iran.
Ali Akbar Velayati (علیاکبر ولایتی; born 24 June 1945, Tehran) is an Iranian physician and conservative politician.
Ali Massoud Ansari (علی مسعود انصاری, born 24 November 1967 in Rome) is the Professor in Modern History with reference to the Middle East at St. Andrews University in Scotland, where he is also the founding director of the Institute for Iranian Studies.
Ali-Asghar Sherdost (علیاصغر شعردوست; born in 1962) is an Iranian writer, diplomat and politician.
Ali Asghar Soltanieh (علیاصغر سلطانیه, born 1 October 1950) was Iran's ambassador to the International Atomic Energy Agency in Vienna.
Ali Bagheri Kani (علی باقری کنی; born 12 December 1966 in Kan, Tehran) is an Iranian diplomat who was Deputy Secretary of Iran's Supreme National Security Council from 2007 to 2013 and currently serves as advisor at the council.
Ali Jannati (علی جنتی, born 1949) is an Iranian politician and former diplomat who is currently serving as the head of Iranian presidential administration since January 7, 2018.
Ali Karimi (علی کریمی (born 8 November 1978) nicknamed "Maradona of Asia", is an Iranian coach and retired footballer. He has played for Fath Tehran, Persepolis, Al-Ahli Dubai, Bayern Munich, Qatar SC, Steel Azin, Schalke 04, Tractor Sazi, and the Iran national team for which he scored 38 goals in 127 appearances. In 2004, he became the fourth Iranian player to win the Asian Footballer of the Year. He announced his retirement at the end of the 2013–14 season and, on 11 April 2014, played the final game of his 18-year career. Karimi's professional career began with Fath Tehran, where he made his first-team debut in 1996 aged 18. He then played three seasons with Persepolis, winning the Iranian league twice and the Hazfi Cup once with the club. In July 2001 Karimi signed a two-year contract with UAE Pro League club Al-Ahli Dubai. While an Al-Ahli player, Karimi won two cup titles, and was the top-goalscorer in the 2003–04 season, an impressive feat for a midfielder. After leaving the club in 2005 aged-26, Karimi made a long-awaited move to Europe to play for Bayern Munich. At the club he had relative success, winning both the Bundesliga and the DFB-Pokal in 2005–06 season. Later in his career, he would join up again with former coach Felix Magath and win a second German Cup with Schalke 04. Karimi ended his playing career in Iran with Persepolis and Tractor Sazi, and with the latter won the Hazfi Cup in the final season of his career. In international football, Karimi made his Iran debut on 13 October 1998, at the age of 19. He made 127 career appearances in total, appearing at five major tournaments including 1998 Asian Games, 2000, 2004, and 2007 Asian Cups and 2006 FIFA World Cup. Renowned for his on-the-ball skill, dribbling runs and playmaking ability, he was often referred to as the Asian Maradona and The Magician. He was believed to be one of Asia's greatest players, and is often listed as one of the greatest Iranian players of all time.
Sayyid Ali Hosseini Khamenei (سید علی حسینی خامنهای,; born 17 July 1939) is a ''marja'' and the second and current Supreme Leader of Iran, in office since 1989.
Ali Kordan (23 October 1958 – 22 November 2009) was an Iranian conservative politician who served in the Revolutionary Guards, the judiciary and as deputy oil minister, before becoming interior minister of Iran in 2008 for just 90 days.
Ali Larijani (علی لاریجانی,; born 3 June 1957) is an Iranian conservative politician, philosopher and former military officer who has been Speaker of the Parliament of Iran since 2008.
Ali Akbar Feyz Aleni (علیاکبر فیض آلنی; 2 December 1921 – 30 July 2007), more known as Ali Meshkini, was an Iranian hardline cleric and politician.
Ali Mohammad Besharati (born 1945) is a senior Iranian politician who served as deputy foreign minister and also, interior minister.
Ali Motahari (علی مطهری; born 26 January 1958) is an Iranian conservative politician who represents Tehran, Rey, Shemiranat and Eslamshahr electoral district in the Parliament of Iran since 2008 and is current Second Deputy of the Parliament of Iran serving since 2016.
Ali Nikzad (علی نیکزاد, born 1961) is an Iranian conservative politician and academic and a former cabinet minister.
Ali Saeedlou (علی سعیدلو) (born 10 October 1952 in Tabriz) is an Iranian politician who was the Head of Physical Education Organization from 2009 to 2011.
Ali Shakouri-Rad (علی شکوریراد) is an Iranian physician and reformist politician.
Ali Yousefpour (علی یوسفپور) is an Iranian journalist and conservative politician who was formerly a member of the Parliament of Iran from 1984 to 1996.
Ali Asghar Fani (علیاصفر فانی) is an Iranian politician and former Minister of Education.
Ali-Reza Asgari (علیرضا عسگری, born 1 November 1952) was an Iranian general of the Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps, deputy defense minister, and cabinet member of Iranian President Mohammad Khatami.
Alireza Ali Ahmadi (born 11 May 1959 in Isfahan) is an Iranian politician and former Minister of Education from 2006 to 2009.
Alireza Jafarzadeh is a media commentator on the Middle East and an active dissident figure to the Iranian government.
The Alliance of Builders or Developers of Islamic Iran (ائتلاف آبادگران ایران اسلامی; E'telāf-e Ābādgarān-e Īrān-e Eslāmī), usually shortened to Abadgaran (آبادگران), was an Iranian conservative political federation of parties and organizations.
The Alliance of the periphery or the Periphery doctrine is a foreign policy strategy that called for Israel to develop close strategic alliances with non-Arab Muslim states in the Middle East to counteract the united opposition of Arab states to the existence of Israel.
Many nations and organisations are considered to be allies of Iran.
The alternative Christmas message is a message broadcast by Channel 4 since 1993, as a sometimes humorous and sometimes serious alternative to the Royal Christmas Message of Queen Elizabeth II.
Amalek (عماليق) is a nation described in the Old Testament of the Hebrew Bible.
Ameinu (עמנו, "our people") is an American Jewish Zionist organization.
The American Iranian Council (AIC) was formed in 1990 as a US-based bi-partisan think tank focused upon promoting better relations between the United States and Iran.
The AMIA bombing was an attack on the Asociación Mutual Israelita Argentina (AMIA; Argentine Israelite Mutual Association) building.
AmIAnnoying.com (AIA) is a website that allows users to vote on celebrities based on their annoyance factors.
Amir-Abbas Fakhravar (امیر عباس فخرآور, aka Siavash (Persian: سیاوش), born July 6, 1975) is an Iranian jailed dissident, award winning writer and the recipient of the Annie Taylor Award.
Ana Pastor García (born December 9, 1977 in Madrid, Spain) is a Spanish journalist and anchorwoman.
Andrew Sandford Hutchison (born 18 September 1937 in Toronto) is a retired Primate of the Anglican Church of Canada.
Ann Curry (born November 19, 1956) is an American journalist, and photojournalist.
The Annapolis Conference was a Middle East peace conference held on 27 November 2007, at the United States Naval Academy in Annapolis, Maryland, United States.
Anti-British sentiment is prejudice, fear or hatred against the British Government, the culture or the people of the United Kingdom, or its Overseas territories usually because of British Imperial past.
Anti-Iranian sentiment also known as Anti-Persian sentiment, Persophobia, or IranophobiaRam, H. (2009): Iranophobia: The Logic of an Israeli Obsession, Stanford University Press, refers to feelings and expression of hostility, hatred, discrimination, or prejudice towards Iran (Persia) and its culture, and towards persons based on their association with Iran and Iranian culture.
Anti-Zionism is opposition to Zionism.
Antisemitic canards are unfounded rumors or false allegations which are defamatory towards Judaism as a religion, or defamatory towards Jews as an ethnic or religious group.
Antisemitism (also spelled anti-Semitism or anti-semitism) is hostility to, prejudice, or discrimination against Jews.
Antisemitism in the Arab world increased greatly in the 20th century, for several reasons: the breakdown of the Ottoman Empire and traditional Islamic society; European influence, brought about by Western imperialism and Arab Christians; Nazi propaganda;Yadlin, Rifka.
Apostasy in Islam (ردة or ارتداد) is commonly defined as the conscious abandonment of Islam by a Muslim in word or through deed.
Appeasement in an international context is a diplomatic policy of making political or material concessions to an aggressive power in order to avoid conflict.
The Arab European League (Dutch: Arabisch-Europese Liga, AEL) is a Pan-Arabist civil rights movement/organization in Belgium and the Netherlands.
Arab League–Iran relations refer to political, economic and cultural relations between the mostly Shia Muslim and ethnically Persian country of Iran (Persia) and the mostly Sunni and ethnically Arab organization Arab League.
Aradan (آرادان, also Romanized as Ārādān; also known as Ardān and Āzādān) is the capital of Aradan County, Semnan Province, Iran.
Arak Airport is an airport in Arak, the capital of Markazi Province in Iran.
Arasbaran (ارسباران Arasbârân) or Arasbar (ارسبار Arasbâr), also known as "Qaradagh" or "Karadagh" (Qaradağ / قرهداغ, meaning "black mountain"), or "Qaraja dagh" or "Karaja dagh" (Qaracadağ / قراجهداغ, meaning "black mountain"), is a large mountainous area stretching from the Qūshā Dāgh massif, south of Ahar, to the Aras River in East Azerbaijan Province of Iran.
Arash Miresmaeili (آرش میراسماعیلی., born March 3, 1981 in Khorramabad) is an Iranian judoka.
Arash Sadeghi (آرش صادقی) is an Iranian human rights activist and political prisoner known best for his hunger strike as an act of protest against the detention of his wife without any judiciary proof or legal warrant.
Aravane Rezaï (ارغوان رضایی Arghavān-e Rezāyi, born 14 March 1987) is an Iranian–French professional tennis player.
Ari Benjamin Lesser (born November 9, 1986, Cleveland Heights, Ohio) is an American Orthodox Jewish rapper, singer, songwriter, and spoken word artist.
Armenia–Iran relations are the bilateral relations between Iran and Armenia.
Presidential elections were held in Armenia on 18 February 2013.
Art Spiegelman (born Itzhak Avraham ben Zeev on February 15, 1948) is an American cartoonist, editor, and comics advocate best known for his graphic novel Maus.
"Aryan" is a term that was used as a self-designation by Indo-Iranian people.
Aryeh Eldad, M.D. (אריה אלדד, born 1 May 1950) is an Israeli physician and politician, and a former member of the Knesset for the National Union and Otzma LeYisrael.
The As-Sabiqun (السَّابِقُونَ) is a small, extremist American Muslim organization under the leadership of founder Imam Abdul Alim Musa, based in Washington, D.C. and with branches in Oakland (led by Amir Abdul Malik Ali), Philadelphia, Los Angeles, San Diego, and Sacramento.
Asadollah Abbasi (born 1961) is an Iranian politician who was minister of labor from 5 May until 15 August 2013.
Asadollah Bayat-Zanjani (اسدالله بیات زنجانی) is an Iranian theologian, Islamic philosopher, writer and Grand marja of Islam.
Asaluyeh (عسلويه, also Romanized as ‘Asalūyeh; also known as Asalu, and sometimes prefixed by bandar, meaning port) is a city and capital of Asaluyeh County, in Bushehr Province, Iran.
Asieh Amini (born 14 September 1973) is an Iranian poet and journalist currently residing in Norway.
Aslim Taslam (أسلم تسلم) is a phrase meaning "submit (to God i.e. by accepting Islam) and you will get salvation", taken from the letters sent by the Islamic prophet Muhammad to various kings and rulers in which he urged them to convert to Islam.
The Assembly of Qom Seminary Scholars and Researchers (also Association of Researchers and Teachers of Qom).
The Association of Iranian Journalists (انجمن صنفی روزنامهنگاران ایران) is a professional organization in Iran that serves to "protect and safeguard the legal and professional rights of Iranian journalists." The organization was created in 1997 at the onset of the presidency of reformist Mohammad Khatami.
Ateghe Sediqi (born Pouran Rajai on 2 September 1943) is an Iranian politician and human rights activist who was the wife of former Iranian President Mohammad-Ali Rajai.
Atom Heart Mother (مادر قلب اتمی, translit. Madare ghalb atomi) is a 2013 produced Iranian film that has been released at the Berlin Film Festival 2015.
The Auschwitz-Birkenau Memorial and Museum (Państwowe Muzeum Auschwitz-Birkenau w Oświęcimiu (Teren Niemiecki zabrany Polsce) is a memorial and museum in Oświęcim (German: Auschwitz), Poland, which includes the Nazi concentration camps Auschwitz I and Auschwitz II-Birkenau. It is devoted to the memory of the victims who died at both camps during World War II. The museum performs several tasks, including Holocaust research.
Ayaan Hirsi Ali (born Ayaan Hirsi Magan, 13 November 1969) is a Somali-born Dutch-American activist, feminist, author, scholar and former politician.
Ayoob Kara (أيوب قرا, איוב קרא, also Ayoub or Ayub; born 12 March 1955) is an Israeli Druze politician who currently serves as a member of the Knesset for Likud and as Minister of Communications.
Azam al-Sadat Farahi (اعظمالسادات فراحی) is an Iranian teacher who is married to Iranian former president Mahmoud Ahmadinejad.
Azerbaijan–Iran relations are foreign relations between Azerbaijan and Iran.
Azerbaijani Americans (Amerikalı azərbaycanlılar) or Azeri Americans (Amerikalı azərılar) are Americans of the Azerbaijani ancestry from Azerbaijan and Iranian Azerbaijan or people possessing Azerbaijani and the American dual citizenship.
Babak Dehghanpisheh is a Senior Reporter with Reuters covering the Middle East.
Babol Noshirvani University of Technology is a public research university in Babol, a city in Mazandaran Province in the north of Iran, 20 km south of the Caspian Sea.
The Bahá'í Faith (بهائی) is a religion teaching the essential worth of all religions, and the unity and equality of all people.
Bahman Ahmadi Amouee (born c. 1967) is an Iranian journalist.
Bahrain–Iran relations are the bilateral relations between the countries of Bahrain and Iran.
Bahram Nouraei (Persian: بهرام نورائی) also professionally known as Bahram (Persian: بهرام) is a hip hop recording artist and record producer from Tehran, Iran.
The Bakhtiari Dam is an arch dam currently under construction on the Bakhtiari River within the Zagros Mountains on the border of Lorestan and Khuzestan Provinces, Iran.
The Bali Holocaust Conference was held on June 12, 2007 in Jimbaran, Bali, Indonesia.
Balram Shukla (बलराम शुक्ल, born January 19, 1982) is an academician, poet and author based in New Delhi.
Bangladesh–Iran relations are the bilateral relations between Bangladesh and Iran.
Bank Markazi v. Peterson, 578 U.S. ___ (2016), was a United States Supreme Court case that found that a law which only applied to a specific case, identified by docket number, and eliminated all of the defenses one party had raised does not violate the separation of powers in the United States Constitution between the legislative (Congress) and judicial branches of government.
Barbara Slavin (born 1951) is an American journalist and foreign policy expert.
Baztab (بازتاب meaning reflection) is an Iranian, Persian language, Tehran-based news website.
Belarus–Iran relations are foreign relations between Belarus and Iran.
Benjamin "Bibi" Netanyahu (born 21 October 1949) is an Israeli politician serving as the 9th and current Prime Minister of Israel since 2009, previously holding the position from 1996 to 1999.
Bernard Lewis, FBA (31 May 1916 – 19 May 2018) was a British American historian specializing in oriental studies.
Bijan Namdar Zangeneh (بيژن نامدار زنگنه; born June 1951) is an Iranian politician, who served as minister at different cabinets after the Islamic Revolution for 32 years.
Bint Jbeil is the second largest town in the Nabatiye Governorate in Southern Lebanon.
Iran - Bolivia relations refer to foreign relations between Bolivia and Iran.
Iran-Brazil relations, which are characterized by economic and diplomatic cooperation, are quite friendly.
The Brazilian presidential election was held in 2010 with two rounds of balloting.
Breathful is a 2007 gangster-comedy film directed by Daryush Shokof.
The second season of the television sitcom Brooklyn Nine-Nine premiered September 28, 2014 on Fox and ended May 17, 2015 with 23 episodes.
The Cabinet of Iran (هیئتدولت ایران) is a formal body composed of government officials, ministers, chosen and led by a President.
Prior to 1955, Canadian Consular and Commercial Affairs in Iran were handled by the British Embassy.
The Canadian Federation of Jewish Students (CFJS) or Federation Canadienne Des Etudiants Juifs (FCEJ), in French, was the representative organization of Jewish students across Canada.
Carlos Loret de Mola Álvarez (born October 17, 1976 in Mérida, Yucatán) is a Mexican journalist.
Caspian Airlines Flight 7908 was a scheduled commercial flight from Tehran, Iran, to Yerevan, Armenia, that crashed near the village of Jannatabad, outside the city of Qazvin in north-western Iran, on 15 July 2009.
The Catholic Church in Iran is part of the worldwide Catholic Church, under the spiritual leadership of the Pope in Rome.
Censorship in Iran is the limiting or suppressing of the publishing, dissemination, and viewing of certain information in the Islamic Republic of Iran.
Islamic teachings and argument have been used to censor opinions and writings throughout history, up to and including the modern era, and thus there are many cases of censorship in Islamic societies.
The Central Bank of the Islamic Republic of Iran (CBI; Bank Markazi-ye Jomhuri-ye Eslāmi-ye Irān, also known as Bank Markazi) is the central bank of Iran.
Chābahār (چابهار, چھبار-Čahbàr; meaning four springs or spring well; formerly Bandar Beheshtī) is a city and capital of Chah Bahar County, Sistan and Baluchestan Province, Iran.
Chad Gadya or Had Gadya (Aramaic: חַד גַדְיָא chad gadya, "one little goat, or "one kid"; Hebrew: "גדי אחד gedi echad") is a playful cumulative song in Aramaic and Hebrew.
Channel 4 is a British public-service television broadcaster that began transmission on 2 November 1982.
The Royal Institute of International Affairs, commonly known as Chatham House, is a non-profit, non-governmental organisation based in London whose mission is to analyse and promote the understanding of major international issues and current affairs.
Cheek kissing is a ritual or social kissing gesture to indicate friendship, family relationship, perform a greeting, to confer congratulations, to comfort someone, to show respect, or to indicate sexual or romantic interest.
The 2008 presidential campaign of Chris Dodd was launched on January 11, 2007 and ended on January 3, 2008 after a sixth-place finish in the Iowa caucuses.
Christopher Heaton-Harris (born 28 November 1967) is a British Conservative Party politician.
Christiane Amanpour (Kristiane Amānpur; born 12 January 1958) is a British-Iranian journalist and television host.
Christine Callaghan Quinn (born July 25, 1966) is an American politician.
This article deals with activities of the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency related to transnational crime, including the illicit drug trade.
The Cinema of Iran (Persian: سینمای ایران), also known as the Cinema of Persia, refers to the cinema and film industries in Iran which produce a variety of commercial films annually.
Clotilde Reiss (born 31 July 1985) is a French student who was accused of being an agent of the French Secret Service.
The Coalition of the Pleasant Scent of Servitude or Sweet Scent of Servitude (ائتلاف رايحه خوش خدمت) was an Iranian principlist political group supporting Mahmoud Ahmadinejad and his government.
Intelligence analysis is plagued by many of the cognitive traps also encountered in other disciplines.
Columbia University (Columbia; officially Columbia University in the City of New York), established in 1754, is a private Ivy League research university in Upper Manhattan, New York City.
The Committee for Accuracy in Middle East Reporting in America (CAMERA) is an American non-profit pro-Israel media-monitoring, research and membership organization.
Condoleezza Rice served as United States Secretary of State under George W. Bush.
The Protocols of the Elders of Zion is a fabricated antisemitic text purporting to describe a Jewish plan to achieve global domination.
The United States diplomatic cables leaked by WikiLeaks contained personal analyses of world leaders by U.S. ambassadors in their corresponding countries and officials of foreign governments.
Content from the United States diplomatic cables leak has depicted Iran and related subjects extensively.
Controversies of the former Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad included criticism after his election victory on June 29, 2005.
Since the establishment of Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (Sepah Pasdaran) the organization has been involved in economic and military activities, some of them controversial.
Corruption is a serious problem in Iran, being widespread, mostly in the government.
Corruption in Venezuela is high by world standards and is prevalent throughout many levels of Venezuela's society.
The Council for Coordinating the Reforms Front or the Reformist Front Coordination Council (شورای هماهنگی جبهه اصلاحات) is the umbrella organization, coalition and council of main political groups within the Iranian reform movement.
The Council for Spreading President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad's Thoughts (شورای سیاست گذاری و نظارت بر انتشار آثار و اندیشه های رییس جمهور) is an official high-council, established by Mahmoud Ahmadinejad's government in order to spread the philosophy, ideology and sociology of President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad.
The Council on Foreign Relations (CFR), founded in 1921, is a United States nonprofit think tank specializing in U.S. foreign policy and international affairs.
The international non-governmental organization Human Rights Watch (HRW) has been the subject of criticism from a number of observers.
Croatian–Iranian relations refer to bilateral foreign relations between Croatia and Iran.
Iran-Cuba relations, which are characterized by economic and diplomatic cooperation, are quite friendly.
The Cyrus Cylinder (Ostovane-ye Kūrosh) or Cyrus Charter (منشور کوروش) is an ancient clay cylinder, now broken into several pieces, on which is written a declaration in Akkadian cuneiform script in the name of Persia's Achaemenid king Cyrus the Great.
Cyrus Nowrasteh (سیروس نورسته; born) is an American screenwriter and director of theatrical films, television shows, and made-for-TV movies.
Dalit Voice was a political magazine published in Bangalore, India.
José Daniel Ortega Saavedra (born November 11, 1945) is a Nicaraguan politician serving as President of Nicaragua since 2007; previously he was leader of Nicaragua from 1979 to 1990, first as Coordinator of the Junta of National Reconstruction (1979–1985) and then as President (1985–1990).
Darren Aronofsky (born February 12, 1969) is an American filmmaker and writer, who is noted for his often surreal and disturbing films.
The Dauletabad–Sarakhs–Khangiran pipeline (also known as Dauletabad–Salyp Yar pipeline) is a natural gas pipeline from the Dauletabad gas field in Turkmenistan to Khangiran in Iran, where it is connected with the Iran Gas Trunkline system.
David Ernest Duke (born July 1, 1950) is an American white supremacist and white nationalist politician, antisemitic conspiracy theorist, Holocaust denier, convicted felon, and former Grand Wizard of the Ku Klux Klan.
Davoud Ahmadinejad (13 March 1950 in Aradan, Iran – 4 October 2017 in Tehran, Iran) was an Iranian politician and older brother of former Iranian president Mahmoud Ahmadinejad and Parvin Ahmadinejad.
Davoud Danesh-Jafari is an Iranian politician and economist who was minister of economy and finance affairs of Iran.
On 8 January 2017, Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani, the fourth President of Iran and the country's Chairman of Expediency Discernment Council, died at the age of 82 after suffering a heart attack.
Hugo Chávez, the 62nd President of Venezuela, died on 5 March 2013 at the age of 58.
Footage of the death of Nedā Āghā-Soltān (نِدا آقاسُلطان – Nedā Āġā Soltān; 23 January 1983 – 20 June 2009) drew worldwide attention after she was shot dead during the 2009 Iranian election protests.
Seyed Ali Mousavi was the nephew of the 2009 Iranian presidential candidate and opposition leader Mir-Hossein Mousavi.
The Defenders of Human Rights Center (also known as the Centre for the Defence of Human Rights, Persian: کانون مدافعان حقوق بشر) is an Iranian human rights organization.
Dena Takruri (Arabic: دينا تكروري) is an American journalist, on-air presenter, and producer with AJ+, Al Jazeera Media Network's all digital video news network based in San Francisco, California.
The "Deviant current" or "Current of deviation" (Jarīān-e Enherāfī) is a term used by Iranian officials (e.g. high-ranking clerics, Revolutionary Guards commanders) and conservative rivals of Mahmoud Ahmadinejad to describe Ahmadinejad's entourage which functions like a faction or party.
Dieudonné M'bala M'bala (born 11 February 1966), generally known by his stage name Dieudonné, is a French comedian, actor, and political activist.
Dore Gold (דורי גולד, born 1953) is an Israeli diplomat who has served in various positions under several Israeli governments.
Dorothy Byrne is Head of News and Current Affairs at Channel 4 Television.
Douglas Kear Murray (born 16 July 1979) is a British author, journalist, and political commentator.
In July 2010, Terry Jones, the pastor of the Christian Dove World Outreach Center in Gainesville, Florida, U.S., announced he would burn 200 Qurans on the 2010 anniversary of the September 11 attacks.
The Duncan Hunter presidential campaign, 2008 began when fourteen-term Congressman and Vietnam War veteran Duncan Hunter of California announced his intentions to run for the 2008 Republican nomination for President of the United States in January 2007.
Durban III is an informal name for a high-level United Nations General Assembly meeting marking the 10th anniversary of the adoption of The Durban Declaration and Programme of Action that was held in New York City on 22 September 2011.
The Durban Review Conference is the official name of the 2009 United Nations World Conference Against Racism (WCAR), also known as Durban II.
Ebrahim Amini (born 30 June 1925 in Najaf Abad, Isfahan Province, Iran) is an Iranian politician in the Assembly of Experts.
Ebrahim Raisi, chairman of Astan Quds Razavi launched his election campaign for 2017 presidential election in April 2017.
Economic antisemitism comprises stereotypes and canards based on the economic status, occupation or economic behavior of Jews.
Prior to 1979, Iran's economic development was rapid.
The economy of Iran is a mixed and transition economy with a large public sector.
Ecuador - Iran relations refer to foreign relations between Ecuador and Iran.
Ed Hale is a writer, singer-songwriter-recording artist best known for his last solo album Ballad On Third Avenue and the three hit singles it produced, "I Walk Alone", "New Orleans Dreams" and "Scene in San Francisco", which all landed in the Billboard Top 40 Charts in the Adult Contemporary radio format.
Egypt–Iran relations refers to the current and historical relations between Egypt and Iran.
Seyyed Ehsan Ghazizadeh Hashemi (سید احسان قاضیزاده هاشمی) is an Iranian conservative politician who represents Fariman and Sarakhs in the Parliament of Iran since 2016.
Ehud Olmert (אֶהוּד אוֹלְמֶרְט,; born 30 September 1945) is an Israeli politician and lawyer.
The Election Office (ستاد انتخابات کشور) is the body charged for implementation of election procedures in Iran and is subordinate to the Ministry of Interior.
This is a summary of the electoral history of Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, an Iranian Principlist politician who was President of Iran (2005-2013) and Mayor of Tehran (2003–2005).
Elie Nakouzi (born July 14, 1969) is a television broadcaster and presenter in the Middle East with over 20 years of experience in Middle East broadcasting.
Elyasin Community (جمعیت ال یاسین also known as Ale Yasin or Elahyoun) is an Iranian spiritual cultural community founded by Peyman Fattahi since 1991.
Eric Shawn (born March 12, 1957) is an American television news reporter for the Fox News Channel.
Esfandiar Rahim Mashaei (اسفندیار رحیممشایی; born 16 November 1960) is an Iranian politician and former intelligence officer.
Esha Momeni (born c. 1980, Los Angeles) is an Iranian-American women rights activist and a member of One Million Signatures campaign.
Eshaq Jahangiri Kouhshahi (اسحاق جهانگیری کوهشاهی, born 21 January 1958) is an Iranian politician and first vice president of Hassan Rouhani's government.
Etemad or Etemaad (in Persian اعتماد lit. Trust; correct transcription: ettemād, because in pronunciation the letter "t" is duplicated) is a reformist newspaper in Iran that is published in Tehran.
Eva Winifred Golinger (born February 19, 1973) is a Venezuelan-American lawyer, writer and journalist.
Birch Evans "Evan" Bayh III (born December 26, 1955) is an American lawyer, lobbyist and politician of the Democratic Party who served as the junior United States Senator from Indiana from 1999 to 2011 and the 46th Governor of Indiana from 1989 to 1997.
The 2008 presidential campaign of Evan Bayh, Democratic Senator and 46th Governor of Indiana, began shortly after the 2004 presidential election.
Evin Prison (Zendān-e-Evin) is a prison located in the Evin neighborhood of Tehran, Iran.
Juan Evo Morales Ayma (born October 26, 1959), popularly known as Evo, is a Bolivian politician and cocalero activist who has served as President of Bolivia since 2006.
The Expediency Discernment Council of the System (مجمع تشخیص مصلحت نظام Majma' Taškhīs Maṣlaḥat Nezām) is an administrative assembly appointed by the Supreme Leader and was created upon the revision to the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran on 6 February 1988.
Faezeh Hashemi Bahramani, more known as Faezeh Hashemi Rafsanjani (فائزه هاشمی رفسنجانی; born 7 January 1962) is an Iranian women's rights activist, politician and former journalist who served as a member of Iranian parliament from 1996 to 2000.
Iran had a comprehensive and effective program of family planning since the beginning of the 1990s.
Farhad Daneshjoo (فرهاد دانشجو) (born 4 March 1955 in Damghan) is an Iranian academic and the former president of the Azad University, which was elected for this position on 17 January 2012 and removed from his office by the university's central committee on 18 September 2013.
Farhad Rahbar (فرهاد رهبر, born 5 October 1959 in Semnan) is an Iranian economist, academic, president and member of board of trustees of the Islamic Azad University, full professor of interdisciplinary economics and the former Chancellor of the University of Tehran.
The Fars News Agency is a news agency in Iran.
Fatemeh Ajorlou (born c. 1966) is a conservative female member of the Iranian parliament (Majlis) representing Karaj, near Tehran.
Fatemeh Alia (فاطمه آلیا) is an Iranian conservative politician and former member of the Parliament of Iran representing Tehran, Rey, Shemiranat and Eslamshahr.
Fatemeh Bodaghi (فاطمه بداغی) is an Iranian conservative politician who served as the vice president for legal affairs under Mahmoud Ahmadinejad.
Fatemeh Javadi (born 1959) is a conservative Iranian politician who was Vice President of Iran from 2005 to 2009.
Fatemeh Karroubi (فاطمه کروبی; born 1949) is an Iranian politician and activist.
Felicia Langer (9 December 1930 – 21 June 2018) was a German-Israeli attorney and human rights activist known for her defence of Palestinian political prisoners in the West Bank and Gaza Strip.
Ferdowsi University of Mashhad (FUM) (دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد) is a university in Northeastern Iran named after the great epic poet Ferdowsi who is the author of Shahnameh.
Fereydoon Abbasi-Davani (فریدون عباسی دوانی; born 11 July 1958) is an Iranian nuclear scientist who was head of Atomic Energy Organization from 2011 to 2013.
Luis Fernando del Rincón (Morelos, Mexico, 18 August 1969) is a Mexican television presenter who is well known throughout Latin America and by the Latino community in the U.S. He has worked at both Telemundo and Univision, and since 2010 has been employed by CNN en Español, based in Atlanta, Georgia.
The inauguration of Hassan Rouhani as the 7th President of Iran took place on two rounds, first on Saturday 3 August 2013 whereby he received his presidential precept from Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei and entered to the Sa'dabad Palace, official residence of the president in a private ceremony.
Fitna (فِتْنَة) is a 2008 short film by Dutch parliamentarian Geert Wilders.
The football revolution (or soccer revolution) refers to the events in Iran which began 1997 in the context of football in that country.
The foreign policy of the Hugo Chávez administration concerns the policy initiatives made by Venezuela under its former President, Hugo Chávez, towards other states.
The foreign policy of the Mahmoud Ahmadinejad administration was the policy initiatives towards other states by the former President of Iran, as different from past and also future of the Iranian foreign policy.
The foreign policy of the Rafael Correa administration was the policy initiatives towards other states by the former President of Ecuador, as differed to past, or future, Ecuadorian foreign policy.
The foreign policy of Vladimir Putin concerns the policies of Russia's president Vladimir Putin with respect to other nations.
Bolivia traditionally has maintained normal diplomatic relations with all hemispheric states except Chile.
Cuba's foreign policy has been fluid throughout history depending on world events and other variables, including relations with the United States.
Foreign relations of Iran refers to inter-governmental relationships between the Islamic Republic of Iran and other countries.
Since 1980, the foreign relations of Iraq were influenced by a number of controversial decisions by the Saddam Hussein administration.
Israel joined the United Nations on 11 May 1949.
The foreign relations of the Russian Federation is the policy of the government of Russia by which it guides the interactions with other nations, their citizens and foreign organizations.
President Léopold Senghor advocated close relations with France and negotiation and compromise as the best means of resolving international differences.
Foreign relations of Sri Lanka refers to the diplomatic and commercial relations between Sri Lanka and other countries.
The Holy See, as distinct from the city-state of the Vatican City, over which the Holy See has "full ownership, exclusive dominion, and sovereign authority and jurisdiction," has long been recognised as a subject of international law and as an active participant in international relations.
The foreign relations of Venezuela had since the early twentieth century been particularly strong with the United States.
Foreign Reports Inc. is a Washington, D.C.-based consulting firm for the oil industry, founded in 1956.
The Fourth Extraordinary Session of the Islamic Summit was a conference organised by the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) in Mecca on 14 and 15 August 2012.
Francis Anthony Boyle (born March 25, 1950) is a professor of international law at the University of Illinois College of Law.
Frank-Walter Steinmeier (born 5 January 1956) is a German politician serving as President of Germany since 19 March 2017.
Fereydun Robert "Fred" Armisen (born December 4, 1966) is an American actor, comedian, writer, producer, and musician.
Freedom's Watch was a Washington D.C. based 501(c)(4) lobbying organization.
Freiburg im Breisgau (Alemannic: Friburg im Brisgau; Fribourg-en-Brisgau) is a city in Baden-Württemberg, Germany, with a population of about 220,000.
August Friedrich Kellner (February 1, 1885 – November 4, 1970) was a mid-level official in Germany who worked as a justice inspector in Mainz and Laubach.
Front of Islamic Revolution Stability (Jebha-ye pāydārī-e enqelāb-e eslāmī, also translated Persevering Front, Endurance Front and Steadfast Front) is an Iranian principlist political group described as "extreme end of the fundamentalist camp" and "Iran’s most right-wing party".
Front of Transformationalist Principlists (جبهه اصولگرایان تحولخواه) is an Iranian principlist political group, consisting of Society of Devotees of the Islamic Revolution and Society of Pathseekers of the Islamic Revolution.
Gambia–Iran relations are the bilateral relations between The Gambia and Iran.
The Garan Dam is an earth-fill embankment dam on the Garan River, a tributary of the Sirvan River, about northeast of Marivan in Kurdistan Province, Iran.
Gérson Bergher (April 9, 1925 – May 30, 2016) was a Brazilian politician.
The general debate of the sixty-seventh session of the United Nations General Assembly speaking schedule in the General Assembly Chamber from 25 September 2012 were as follows.
The general debate of the sixty-sixth session of the United Nations General Assembly speaking schedule in the General Assembly Chamber in September, 2011 were as follows.
George Galloway (born 16 August 1954) is a British politician, broadcaster and writer.
Iran and Georgia have had relations for millennia, although official diplomatic relations between the two nations in the 20th century were established on May 15, 1992.
Gerald Fredrick Töben, more commonly known as Fredrick Töben, (born 2 June 1944) is a German-born Australian citizen who was director and founder of the Adelaide Institute, a Holocaust denial group in Australia.
German–Iranian relations refer to bilateral relations between Germany and Iran.
The Ghadir Stadium (ورزشگاه غدیر اهواز) is a new multi-use stadium in Ahvaz, Iran, has a capacity of 38,960 people and is owned by Persian Gulf Pro League side Foolad.
Ghana, officially the Republic of Ghana, is a unitary presidential constitutional democracy, located along the Gulf of Guinea and Atlantic Ocean, in the subregion of West Africa.
Ghana–Iran relations refers to the current and historical relationship between Ghana and Iran.
Ghazanfar Mohammad Asl Roknabadi (21 March 1966 – 24 September 2015) was an Iranian diplomat, who served as Iranian ambassador to Lebanon from 2010 to 2014.
Gholam Reza Aghazadeh (غلامرضا آقازاده, born Khoy, Iran on 15 March 1949) is an Iranian Politician.
Gholam-Hossein Elham (غلامحسین الهام, born 1959) is an Iranian politician who held several posts during the term of the former President Mahmoud Ahmedinejad.
Gholam-Hossein Mohseni-Eje'i (غلامحسین محسنی اژهای,; born 1956) is an Iranian conservative politician, judge and prosecutor who currently serves as the second-highest official in the Judicial system of Iran.
Gholam Hossein Nozari (born 1954) is a conservative Iranian politician who served as oil minister from 2007 to 2009.
Gholamreza Ansari (غلامرضا انصاﺭی, born October 24, 1956) an Iranian diplomat.
Ayatollah Gholamreza Hassani (غلامرضا حسنی, Qulamrza Həsəni) July 21, 1927 – May 21, 2018) was the previous Friday prayer, first First imam of Masjid-e-Jamé mosque of the city of Urmia in northwest Iran after Iranian Revolution., member of the Islamic Consultative Assembly in the first term from electoral district of Urmia and representative of the Iranian Supreme Leader Grand Ayatollah Ali Hosseini Khamenei in West Azarbaijan Province. | adnkronos.com | 19 December 2009 He has been described as one of the most, if not the most, conservative voices in Iran and Shia Islam world. He is known for the highly challenging religious and political positions taken and his ultimate opposition to Caliphate and Anti-Sunni theories advocated in his controversial Friday sermons, which have reportedly drawn criticism from many of the Sunni leaders, Iranian reformists, Pan-Turkists, radical left organisations, Kurdish nationalists with adherence to Sunni tradition and Southern Azerbaijan patriot movement and been used by "Iranian political satirists in their works." In 2001, articles appeared in the English-language media about a Friday sermon he delivered that condemned the practice of owning and holding small dogs as unIslamic. The New York Times reported him as saying, "I would like to thank the honorable police and judges and all those who worked to arrest dog lovers and to confiscate short-legged dogs in this city," Several years later a crackdown on dogs and dog owners was launched in Tehran. He has also been quoted as saying that "Women who do not respect the hijab and their husbands deserve to die... These women and their husbands and their fathers must die." In 2011 he was reportedly presented with the national "Medal of Bravery", "one of the most significant official medals awarded in Iran," by president Mahmoud Ahmadinejad. The medal was reportedly awarded for his record of resistance against the Shah’s regime prior to the Islamic Revolution, against the Kurdish opposition in the first years of the Islamic Republic, and for his participation in the Iraq-Iran War. Hassani's devotion to the Islamic Revolution was such that in 1983, several years after the Revolution, he informed authorities of the hiding place of his son, Rashid, a member of the opposition leftist guerilla group Fadayian Khalq, who was then executed by firing squad with Hassani's approval. | insideofiran.org | 5 April 2011 Hassani is quoted as telling an American journalist, "Abraham didn't sacrifice his son, but I did. Even today, I don't regret it." By John F. Burns | nytimes.com | 1 January 2000 As of January 2014, Hassani had two living wives and came instead Mehdi Ghoreyshi. He has seven sons and four daughters. Hassani died on 21 May 2018 at the age of 90.
The Global Language Monitor (GLM) is an Austin, Texas-based company that collectively documents, analyzes, and tracks trends in language usage worldwide, with a particular emphasis upon the English language.
The terms Google bomb and Googlewashing refer to the practice of causing a website to rank highly in web search engine results for irrelevant, unrelated or off-topic search terms by linking heavily.
The cabinet headed by Mahmoud Ahmadinejad from 2005 to 2009 included the following members.
Mahmoud Ahmadinejad was the sixth President of Iran which governed during his second term within the tenth Government of Islamic Republic of Iran.
The Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran (Neẓām-e jomhūrī-e eslāmi-e Irān, known simply as Neẓām (lit) among its supporters, and "the regime" among its dissidents) is the ruling state and current political system in Iran, in power since the revolution and fall of Pahlavi dynasty in 1979.
The Ground Forces of the Army of the Guardians of the Islamic Revolution, acronymed NEZSA (نزسا), are the force which the Army of the Guardians of the Islamic Revolution, also known as Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC), maintain in parallel to the regular army of Iran.
The Group of 15 (G-15)The adopts the "G-15" orthography (with a hyphen) in order to distinguish an abbreviated reference to this group -- contrasts with other similarly named entities.
The Guardian Council of the Constitution (شورای نگهبان قانون اساسی, Shūra-ye negahbān-e qānūn-e āsāsī) is an appointed and constitutionally mandated 12-member council that wields considerable power and influence in the Islamic Republic of Iran.
Guido Westerwelle (27 December 1961 – 18 March 2016) was a German politician who served as Foreign Minister in the second cabinet of Chancellor Angela Merkel and as Vice Chancellor of Germany from 2009 to 2011, being the first openly gay person to hold any of these positions.
Habib Kashani (حبيب کاشانی) is an Iranian politician and businessman.
Hadi Heidari is an award-winning press cartoonist in Tehran, Iran, whose work has appeared in reformist newspapers including Shargh, Norooz and Neshat.
Haft-e-Tir Square is a central cross section in Tehran's central business district.
Haghani school (also Haqqani) is a Shi'i school of thought in Iran based in the holy city of Qom and headed by Ayatollah Mohammad Taghi Mesbah Yazdi, an influential theologian.
Haleh Esfandiari (هاله اسفندیاری) (born March 3, 1940) is an Iranian-American academic and the Director of the Middle East Program at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars in Washington, D.C. Her areas of expertise include Middle Eastern women's issues, contemporary Iranian intellectual currents and politics, and democratic developments in the Middle East.
Haleh Sahabi (4 February 1958 – 1 June 2011) was an Iranian humanitarian and democracy activist.
Hamas (Arabic: حماس Ḥamās, an acronym of حركة المقاومة الاسلامية Ḥarakat al-Muqāwamah al-ʾIslāmiyyah Islamic Resistance Movement) is a Palestinian Sunni-Islamist fundamentalist organization.
Hamid Aboutalebi (حمید ابوطالبی, born 16 June 1957) is an Iranian diplomat and ambassador.
Hamid Baghaei (حميد بقایی) is an Iranian politician and former intelligence officer who is considered one of Mahmoud Ahmadinejad's closest confidants.
Hamid Behbahani (حمید بهبهانی, born 7 August 1935) is an Iranian academic and politician who served as minister of roads and transportation from 2 August 2008 to 1 February 2011 when he was impeached by the Parliament of Iran.
Hamid Chitchian (حمید چیتچیان, born 21 March 1957) is an Iranian politician and the former intelligence head.
Hamid Dabashi (حمید دباشی; born 1951) is an Iranian Professor of Iranian Studies and Comparative Literature at Columbia University in New York City.
Hamid Mowlana (حمید مولانا., Hamid Molana, born in Tabriz, East Azerbaijan, Iran) is an Iranian-American author and academic.
Hamid-Reza Katouzian (حمیدرضا کاتوزیان), also known as Hamid Katoozian, born on 23 October 1959 in Tehran, Iran) is an Iranian politician and academic. He was a Member of the Parliament of Iran; during his two terms he served as the vice-chairman of the Industry Committee, and Chairman of the Energy Committee.
Seyed Hamid Sajjadi Hazaveh (سید حمید سجادی هزاوه, born 21 March 1969) is an Iranian retired middle distance and long distance runner.
Hamid-Reza Haji Babaee (حمیدرضا حاجیبابایی, born 1 May 1959) is an Iranian politician who was Minister of Education from 2009 to 2013.
Haroun Yashayaei (هارون یشایایی) is the chairman of the board of the Tehran Jewish Committee and leader of Iran's Jewish community.
Hassan Abbasi (حسن عباسی, with real name Yadollah Ghazvini يدالله قزويني) is a political strategist and conspiracy theorist, an Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps officer and head of its think-tank ‘Center for Borderless Security Doctrinal Analysis’.
Hassan Danaeifar (حسن داناییفر) is an Iranian military officer in the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps.
Hassan Ebrahim Habibi (29 January 1937 – 31 January 2013) was an Iranian politician, lawyer, scholar and the first vice president from 1989 until 2001 under Presidents Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani and Mohammad Khatami.
Sayyid Hassan Khomeini (born 23 July 1972, سيد حسن خمينی) is an Iranian cleric.
Hassan Rouhani (حسن روحانی,, Standard Persian:; born Hassan Fereydoun (حسن فریدون) on 12 November 1948) is an Iranian politician serving as the current and seventh President of Iran since 3 August 2013.
Mohammad-Hassan Tarighat Monfared (محمدحسن طریفتمنفرد, born 1951) is an Iranian physician and conservative politician who served as the Minister of Health and Medical Education under President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad from March to August 2013.
Hassan Ziari (حسن زیاری) is an Iranian highway engineer and conservative politician.
Headcases was an ITV satirical animation show based on current affairs.
Heavy water (deuterium oxide) is a form of water that contains a larger than normal amount of the hydrogen isotope deuterium (or D, also known as heavy hydrogen), rather than the common hydrogen-1 isotope (or H, also called protium) that makes up most of the hydrogen in normal water.
Hengameh Shahidi (born 14 May 1975) is an Iranian journalist, political activist, and political prisoner currently serving a six-year sentence for “gathering and colluding with intent to harm state security” and “propaganda against the system”.
Heydar Moslehi (born 1957 in Isfahan) is an Iranian cleric and politician who served as the minister of intelligence from 2009 to 2013.
The 2008 presidential campaign of Hillary Rodham Clinton, then junior United States Senator from New York, was announced on her website on January 20, 2007.
Brazilian history since 1985 is the contemporary epoch in the history of Brazil, beginning when civilian government was restored after a 21-year-long military regime established after the 1964 coup d'etat.
Societal attitudes towards same-sex relationships have varied over time and place, from expecting all males to engage in same-sex relationships, to casual integration, through acceptance, to seeing the practice as a minor sin, repressing it through law enforcement and judicial mechanisms, and to proscribing it under penalty of death.
The history of Iran, commonly also known as Persia in the Western world, is intertwined with the history of a larger region, also to an extent known as Greater Iran, comprising the area from Anatolia, the Bosphorus, and Egypt in the west to the borders of Ancient India and the Syr Darya in the east, and from the Caucasus and the Eurasian Steppe in the north to the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman in the south.
Modern Israel is roughly located on the site of the ancient kingdoms of Israel and Judah.
The history of terrorism is a history of well-known and historically significant individuals, entities, and incidents associated, whether rightly or wrongly, with terrorism.
The Arab–Israeli conflict is a modern phenomenon, which has its roots in the end of the 19th century.
Evidence of bikini-style women's clothing has been found as early as 5600 BC, and the history of the bikini can be traced back to that era.
One of the most dramatic changes in government in Iran's history was seen with the 1979 Iranian Revolution where Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi was overthrown and replaced by Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini.
Venezuela since February 2, 1999 saw sweeping and radical shifts in social policy, moving away from the government officially embracing a free market economy and neoliberal reform principles and towards socialist income redistribution and social welfare programs.
Anjoman-e Hojjatieh, also called The Hojjatieh Society (Allah's Proof Over Creation), is a traditionalist Iranian Shi'a lay religious organization that promotes orthodoxy through non-violent evangelism.
Holocaust denial is the act of denying the genocide of Jews in the Holocaust during World War II.
Holy See–Iran relations refers to the diplomatic relations between the Holy See, which is sovereign over the Vatican City, and the Islamic Republic of Iran.
Homohysteria is the fear of being thought homosexual because of behavior that is typically considered gender atypical.
Homosexuality is romantic attraction, sexual attraction or sexual behavior between members of the same sex or gender.
Hooman Majd, born 1957 in Tehran, is an Iranian-American journalist, author, and commentator who writes on Iranian affairs.
Hossein Amir-Abdollahian (حسین امیرعبداللهیان, born 1964 in Damghan) is the former Deputy Foreign Minister for Arab and African Affairs in Iran's Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
Hossein Dehghani Poudeh (حسین دهقانی پوده; born 2 March 1957) is a former IRGC air force officer with the rank of brigadier general and the former minister of defense of Iran.
Hossein Fadaei (حسین فدایی) is an Iranian conservative politician and former member of the Parliament of Iran representing Tehran, Rey, Shemiranat and Eslamshahr.
Mohammad-Hossein Saffar-Harandi (born 29 September 1953) is an Iranian politician who was minister of culture and Islamic guidance of Iran from 21 August 2005 until 23 July 2009 when he resigned after opposed the appointment of Esfandiar Rahim Mashaei as vice president.
Hossein Shariatmadari (حسین شريعتمداری) is the managing editor of Kayhan, a conservative Iranian newspaper.
The Houla massacre (مجزرة الحولة) was an attack that took place on May 25, 2012, in the midst of the Syrian Civil War, in the town of Taldou, in the Houla Region of Syria, a string of towns northwest of Homs.
Bahrain's record on human rights has been described by Human Rights Watch as "dismal", and having "deteriorated sharply in the latter half of 2010".
The state of human rights in Iran has been criticized both by Iranians and international human rights activists, writers, and NGOs since long before the formation of the current state of Iran.
The state of human rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran has been criticized both by Iranians and international human right activists, writers, and NGOs.
Hussein-Ali Montazeri (24 September 1922 – 19 December 2009; حسینعلی منتظری&lrm) was an Iranian Shia Islamic theologian, Islamic democracy advocate, writer and human rights activist.
The IAIO Qaher-313 (Persian: قاهر-۳۱۳; also Ghaher-313, Conqueror (Tamer)-313, Q-313, F-313) is a planned Iranian single-seat stealth fighter aircraft that was publicly announced on 1 February 2013.
Icon of Evil: Hitler's Mufti and the Rise of Radical Islam is a 2008 book by David G. Dalin and John F. Rothmann initially published by Random House; the 2009 version of the book by Transaction Publishers has an introduction by Alan Dershowitz.
IKCO EF engines are a family of four-cylinder engines.
Imad Fayez Mughniyeh (عماد فايز مغنية; 7 December 1962 – 12 February 2008), alias al-Hajj Radwan (الحاج رضوان), was a senior member of Lebanon's Islamic Jihad Organization and number two in Hezbollah's leadership.
The Imam Hossein Comprehensive University (also referred to as IHU or the Imam Hossein University, in Persian: دانشگاه امام حسین Dāneshgāh-e Emām Hossein') is a public university located in Tehran, Iran.
According to a report by The Economist, Iran has been ranked 39th for producing $23 billion of industrial products in 2008.
Instapundit is a libertarian blog maintained by Glenn Reynolds, a law professor at the University of Tennessee.
Intellectual movements in Iran involve the Iranian experience of modernity and its associated art, science, literature, poetry, and political structures that have been changing since the 19th century.
The International Conference on Hollywoodism, sometimes known as the Conference on Hollywoodism and Cinema, is a conference held on several occasions in the early 2010s and organized by the government of Iran.
The International Conference to Review the Global Vision of the Holocaust was a two-day conference that opened on December 11, 2006, in Tehran, Iran.
Reactions to the 2009 Iranian presidential election varied across the world.
Reactions to the 2006 Lebanon War came from states on all continents, supranational bodies, individuals and international NGOs, as well as political lobbyists in the United States.
The international reactions to the Libyan Civil War were the responses to the series of protests and military confrontations occurring in Libya against the government of Libya and its ''de facto'' head of state Muammar Gaddafi.
The international reactions to the 2011 military intervention in Libya were the responses to the military intervention in Libya by NATO and allied forces to impose a no-fly zone.
The international reactions to the Bahraini uprising of 2011 include responses by supranational organisations, non-governmental organisations, media organisations, and both the governments and civil populaces, like of fellow sovereign states to the protests and uprising in Bahrain during the Arab Spring.
The international reactions to the death of Muammar Gaddafi concern the responses of foreign governments and supranational organisations to the killing of former Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi at the Battle of Sirte, the last major engagement of the Libyan Civil War, on 20 October 2011.
The publication of satirical cartoons of the Islamic prophet Muhammad in the Danish newspaper Jyllands-Posten on September 30, 2005 led to violence, arrests, inter-governmental tensions, and debate about the scope of free speech and the place of Muslims in the West.
International reactions to the Syrian Civil War ranged from support for the government to calls for the government to dissolve.
This article lists international reactions to the 2008 United States presidential election of Barack Obama as the 44th President of the United States on November 4, 2008 and his inauguration on January 20, 2009.
As a result of incumbent U.S. President Barack Obama's re-election victory over Mitt Romney, reaction emanated from across the world including states and other institutions.
Since its declaration of independence from Serbia (enacted on 17 February 2008), international recognition of Kosovo has been mixed, and the international community continues to be divided on the issue.
Following the 2012 diplomatic missions attacks that began on September 11, 2012, many nations and public officials released statements.
Internet censorship in Iran has been increasing.
Interregional Academy of Personnel Management (Міжрегіональна Академія управління персоналом (МАУП), translit.: Mizhrehional'na Akademiya upravlinnya personalom, English acronym: MAUP, also IAPM or IRAPM) is a private higher education institution in Ukraine.
Iradj Fazel (ایرج فاضل; born 1939) is a prominent Iranian surgeon and academic.
Iran (ایران), also known as Persia, officially the Islamic Republic of Iran (جمهوری اسلامی ایران), is a sovereign state in Western Asia. With over 81 million inhabitants, Iran is the world's 18th-most-populous country. Comprising a land area of, it is the second-largest country in the Middle East and the 17th-largest in the world. Iran is bordered to the northwest by Armenia and the Republic of Azerbaijan, to the north by the Caspian Sea, to the northeast by Turkmenistan, to the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan, to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, and to the west by Turkey and Iraq. The country's central location in Eurasia and Western Asia, and its proximity to the Strait of Hormuz, give it geostrategic importance. Tehran is the country's capital and largest city, as well as its leading economic and cultural center. Iran is home to one of the world's oldest civilizations, beginning with the formation of the Elamite kingdoms in the fourth millennium BCE. It was first unified by the Iranian Medes in the seventh century BCE, reaching its greatest territorial size in the sixth century BCE, when Cyrus the Great founded the Achaemenid Empire, which stretched from Eastern Europe to the Indus Valley, becoming one of the largest empires in history. The Iranian realm fell to Alexander the Great in the fourth century BCE and was divided into several Hellenistic states. An Iranian rebellion culminated in the establishment of the Parthian Empire, which was succeeded in the third century CE by the Sasanian Empire, a leading world power for the next four centuries. Arab Muslims conquered the empire in the seventh century CE, displacing the indigenous faiths of Zoroastrianism and Manichaeism with Islam. Iran made major contributions to the Islamic Golden Age that followed, producing many influential figures in art and science. After two centuries, a period of various native Muslim dynasties began, which were later conquered by the Turks and the Mongols. The rise of the Safavids in the 15th century led to the reestablishment of a unified Iranian state and national identity, with the country's conversion to Shia Islam marking a turning point in Iranian and Muslim history. Under Nader Shah, Iran was one of the most powerful states in the 18th century, though by the 19th century, a series of conflicts with the Russian Empire led to significant territorial losses. Popular unrest led to the establishment of a constitutional monarchy and the country's first legislature. A 1953 coup instigated by the United Kingdom and the United States resulted in greater autocracy and growing anti-Western resentment. Subsequent unrest against foreign influence and political repression led to the 1979 Revolution and the establishment of an Islamic republic, a political system that includes elements of a parliamentary democracy vetted and supervised by a theocracy governed by an autocratic "Supreme Leader". During the 1980s, the country was engaged in a war with Iraq, which lasted for almost nine years and resulted in a high number of casualties and economic losses for both sides. According to international reports, Iran's human rights record is exceptionally poor. The regime in Iran is undemocratic, and has frequently persecuted and arrested critics of the government and its Supreme Leader. Women's rights in Iran are described as seriously inadequate, and children's rights have been severely violated, with more child offenders being executed in Iran than in any other country in the world. Since the 2000s, Iran's controversial nuclear program has raised concerns, which is part of the basis of the international sanctions against the country. The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, an agreement reached between Iran and the P5+1, was created on 14 July 2015, aimed to loosen the nuclear sanctions in exchange for Iran's restriction in producing enriched uranium. Iran is a founding member of the UN, ECO, NAM, OIC, and OPEC. It is a major regional and middle power, and its large reserves of fossil fuels – which include the world's largest natural gas supply and the fourth-largest proven oil reserves – exert considerable influence in international energy security and the world economy. The country's rich cultural legacy is reflected in part by its 22 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, the third-largest number in Asia and eleventh-largest in the world. Iran is a multicultural country comprising numerous ethnic and linguistic groups, the largest being Persians (61%), Azeris (16%), Kurds (10%), and Lurs (6%).
Iran (ایران) is the official daily newspaper of the government of Iran.
Iran, officially the Islamic Republic of Iran, is not known to currently possess weapons of mass destruction (WMD) and has signed treaties repudiating the possession of weapons of mass destruction including the Biological Weapons Convention, the Chemical Weapons Convention, and the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT).
The Iran Aviation Industries Organization (IAIO) (سازمان صنایع هوایی ایران) was established in 1966 for the purpose of planning, controlling, and managing the Civil & military aviation industry of Iran.
Iran Shipbuilding & Offshore Industries Complex Co (ISOICO) is an Iranian ship yard, located in the Persian Gulf, Strait of Hormuz lat/lon: 27°03' N, 57°58' E (37 km west Bandar Abbas City), active as shipbuilder and ship-repairer of different types of vessels and offshore structures.
Iran Standard Time (IRST) or Iran Time (IT) is the time zone used in Iran.
The Iran University of Science and Technology (IUST) (دانشگاه علم و صنعت ایران) is a research institution and university of engineering and science in Iran.
The Iran–Armenia gas pipeline is a long pipeline from Iran to Armenia.
Iran–Iraq relations (Persian: روابط ایران و عراق; Arabic: العلاقات العراقية الإيرانية) extend for millennia into the past.
The Iran–Israel proxy conflict, or Iran–Israel proxy war, and Iran–Israel Cold War is the ongoing proxy war between Iran and Israel.
Iranian–Israeli relations can be divided into four major phases: the period from 1947–53, the friendly period during the era of the Pahlavi dynasty, the worsening period from the 1979 Iranian Revolution to 1990, and finally the hostility since the end of the First Gulf War.
Iranian–Italian relations refers to the diplomatic relations between the Islamic Republic of Iran and the Italian Republic.
Iran–Kenya relations are bilateral relations between Iran and Kenya.
Iran and Lebanon have diplomatic relations, with embassies in each other countries.
The Iran–Pakistan gas pipeline, also known as the Peace pipeline, or IP Gas, is an under-construction pipeline to deliver natural gas from Iran to Pakistan.
The Islamic Republic of Iran officially endorses the creation of a Palestinian state, regarding Palestine as a state.
Relations between the Grand Duchy of Moscow and the Persian Empire (Iran), officially commenced in 1521, with the Safavids in power.
The Iran–Saudi Arabia proxy conflict (sometimes referred to as the Iran–Saudi Arabia Cold War or the Middle East Cold War) is the ongoing struggle for influence in the Middle East and surrounding regions between the Islamic Republic of Iran and the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
Iran and Saudi Arabia have no diplomatic relations following an attack on the Saudi Embassy in Tehran in 2016.
Iran–Senegal relations refer to the historical and current bilateral relationship between the Islamic Republic of Iran and Senegal.
Iran–Serbia relations are diplomatic relations between Iran and Serbia.
Iran and Sri Lanka have had official diplomatic relations since 1961.
Iran–Sudan relations refers to diplomatic, economic and military relations between Sudan and Iran.
Syria and Iran are strategic allies.
Iran-Tajikistan relations refer to the bilateral relations between Iran and Tajikistan.
Iran–United Kingdom relations are the bilateral relations between the countries of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the Islamic Republic of Iran.
As of 2018, there are no formal diplomatic relations between Iran and the United States.
Iran–Venezuela relations (Spanish: Las relaciones de Irán y Venezuela; Persian: روابط ایران و ونزوئلا) have strengthened substantially in recent years.
Iran–Vietnam relations refer to the bilateral relations between Iran and Vietnam, which were formally established in 1973.
The Iranian Assembly of Experts election of 2006 was held on 15 December 2006.
The Cultural Revolution (1980–1983) (انقلاب فرهنگی.) was a period following the Iranian Revolution, when the academia of Iran was purged of Western and non-Islamic influences (even traditionalist unpolitical Islamic doctrines) to bring it in line with the revolutionary and Political Islam.
The Iranian Cyber Police (پلیس فضای تولید و تبادل اطلاعات ایران lit. The Police for the Sphere of the Production and Exchange of Information also known as FATA (فتا.) is a unit of the Islamic Republic of Iran Police, founded in January 2011. In December 2012, the head of Tehran's cyber police unit was dismissed in relation to the death of Iranian blogger Sattar Beheshti, who was being held in the cyber police's custody.
The Iranian Green Movement (جنبش سبز ایران), also known as the Persian Awakening or Persian Spring by the western media, refers to a political movement that arose after the 2009 Iranian presidential election, in which protesters demanded the removal of Mahmoud Ahmadinejad from office.
This is an overview of the Iranian legislative election, 2000 in Tehran, Rey, Shemiranat and Eslamshahr electoral district.
Legislative elections for Majlis of Iran were held on 14 March 2008, with a second round held on 25 April 2008.
The parliamentary election for the 9th Islamic Consultative Assembly, or Majlis, were held in Iran on Friday, 2 March 2012 with a second round on 4 May 2012 in those 65 districts where no candidate received 25% or more of the votes cast.
Parliamentary elections were held in Iran on 26 February 2016 to elect members of the Islamic Consultative Assembly for all seats in the 10th parliament in the Islamic Republic era and the 34th since the Persian Constitutional Revolution.
Iranian City and Village Councils elections, 2003 took place in February 2003, the second time local elections for city and village councils had taken place since being introduced in 1999, and 905 city and 34,205 village councils were up for election.
The Iranian Oil Bourse (بورس نفت ایران), International Oil Bourse, Iran Petroleum Exchange Kish Exchange or Oil Bourse in Kish (IOB; the official English language name is unclear) also known as Iran Crude Oil Exchange,http://en.seo.ir/rendermodule.aspx?SelectedSingleViewItemID.
Iran's ninth presidential election took place in two rounds, the first on 17 June 2005, the run-off on 24 June.
Iran's tenth presidential election was held on 12 June 2009, with incumbent Mahmoud Ahmadinejad running against three challengers.
Presidential elections were held in Iran on 14 June 2013.
Presidential elections were held in Iran on 19 May 2017, the twelfth such election in Iran.
The Principlists (Osul-Garâyân, also interchangeably known as the Iranian Conservatives Open access material licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License.
The Iranian rial (ریال ایران Riâl Irân; ISO 4217 code IRR) is the currency of Iran.
The Iranian Space Agency (ISA, Persian: سازمان فضایی ایران Sázmán e Fazái e Irán) is Iran's governmental space agency.
The Iranian targeted subsidy plan (طرح هدفمندسازی یارانهها), also known as the subsidy reform plan, was passed by the Iranian Parliament on January 5, 2010.
The maritime fleet of the Islamic Republic of Iran Shipping Lines (IRISL Group) comprises 115 ocean-going vessels, with the total capacity of.
Isfahan University of Technology (IUT) (دانشگاه صنعتی اصفهان Dāneshgāh-e San'ati-ye Esfahān) is an engineering university in Iran.
Some association football players are Muslims, and their clubs have adapted to their principles.
The Islamic City Council of Tehran (شورای اسلامی شهر تهران) is the directly elected council that presides over the city of Tehran, elects the Mayor of Tehran in a mayor–council government system, and budgets of the Municipality of Tehran.
The Islamic Movement in Israel (also known as the Islamic Movement in 48 Palestine) is an Islamist movement that aims to advocate Islam in Israel, particularly among Arabs and Circassians.
The history of Islamic Principlism in Iran covers the history of Islamic revivalism and the rise of political Islam in modern Iran.
The Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) (lit or Sepâh for short) is a branch of Iran's Armed Forces founded after 1979 Revolution on 22 April 1979 by order of Ayatollah Khomeini.IISS Military Balance 2006, Routledge for the IISS, London, 2006, p. 187 Whereas the regular military (or Artesh) defends Iran's borders and maintains internal order, according to the Iranian constitution, the Revolutionary Guard (pasdaran) is intended to protect the country's Islamic Republic system. The Revolutionary Guards state that their role in protecting the Islamic system is preventing foreign interference as well as coups by the military or "deviant movements". The Revolutionary Guards have roughly 125,000 military personnel including ground, aerospace and naval forces. Its naval forces are now the primary forces tasked with operational control of the Persian Gulf. GlobalBearings.net, 15 December 2011. It also controls the paramilitary Basij militia which has about 90,000 active personnel.Abrahamian, Ervand, History of Modern Iran, Columbia University Press, 2008 pp. 175–76 Its media arm is Sepah News. Since its origin as an ideologically driven militia, the Army of the Guardians of the Islamic Revolution has taken a greater role in nearly every aspect of Iranian society. Its expanded social, political, military and economic role under President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad's administration—especially during the 2009 presidential election and post-election suppression of protest—has led many Western analysts to argue that its political power has surpassed even that of the Shia clerical system. The Chief Commander of the Guardians since 2007 is Mohammad Ali Jafari, who was preceded by Yahya Rahim Safavi from 1997.
The Islamic Society of Engineers (ISE) (جامعهٔ اسلامی مهندسین, Jāme'-e eslāmī-ye mohandisīn) is a principlist political organization of engineers in Iran.
Islamism is a concept whose meaning has been debated in both public and academic contexts.
Islamic fascism (first described in 1933), also known since 1990 as Islamofascism, is a term drawing an analogy between the ideological characteristics of specific Islamist movements and a broad range of European fascist movements of the early 20th century, neofascist movements, or totalitarianism.
Israel Shamir (Russian: Исраэль Шамир; born 1947), also known by the names Robert David, Vassili Krasevsky, Jöran Jermas and Adam Ermash, is a Russian-born Swedish writer and journalist.
Issues relating to the State of Israel, the State of Palestine and other aspects of the Arab–Israeli conflict occupy repeated annual debate times, resolutions and resources at the United Nations.
Israel–Qatar relations refers to the historic and current bilateral relationship between Israel and Qatar.
Israeli–Venezuelan relations refer to foreign relations between Israel and Venezuela.
Istiqlal Mosque (lit) in Jakarta, Indonesia is the largest mosque in Southeast Asia and the third largest Sunni mosque in term of capacity.
Jaber Ebdali (جابر ابدالی) is an Iranian businessman and white-collar criminal.
Jafar Panahi (جعفر پناهی; born 11 July 1960) is an Iranian film director, screenwriter, and film editor, commonly identified with the Iranian New Wave film movement.
The Jakarta International Film Festival (JIFFEST) is the major film festival of Indonesia held every December in the capital, Jakarta, since 1999.
Jalal Al-Din Taheri Esfahani (sometimes spelled Jalaluddin Taheri or Jalaleddin Taheri, 1 January 1926 – 2 June 2013) was an Iranian scholar, theologian and Islamic philosopher.
Jalal Al-e-Ahmad (جلال آلاحمد; December 2, 1923 – September 9, 1969) was a prominent Iranian novelist, short-story writer, translator, philosopher, socio-political critic, sociologist as well as an anthropologist who was "one of the earliest and most prominent of contemporary Iranian ethnographers".
The Jamkaran Mosque (مسجد جمکران) is one of the primary significant mosques in the city of Qom, Iran.
Jamshid Ansari (جمشید انصاری, born 1955) is an Iranian reformist politician who currently serves as Vice President of Iran for Administrative and Recruitment Affairs since 2016.
Jana Hybášková (born 26 June 1965 in Prague) is a Czech and European politician and diplomat, who currently serves as the Ambassador of the European Union in Namibia.
A series of floods and mudslides took place in in several towns of the Mountainous Region (Região Serrana), in the Brazilian state of Rio de Janeiro.
Javad Shamaqdari (جواد شمقدری; born January 5, 1960) is an Iranian filmmaker and the former deputy culture minister of film under President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad.
The Jewish Defense Organization (JDO) is a militant Jewish organization in the United States.
JibJab is a digital entertainment studio based in Los Angeles, California.
Jila Baniyaghoob (or Zhīlā Banī Yaʻqūb, Persian: ژيلا بنى يعقوب; born 21 August 1970) is an Iranian journalist and women's rights activist.
John Henry Coatsworth (born September 27, 1940) is an American historian of Latin America and the provost of Columbia University.
The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA; barnāmeye jāme‘e eqdāme moshtarak, acronym: برجام BARJAM), known commonly as the Iran nuclear deal or Iran deal, is an agreement on the nuclear program of Iran reached in Vienna on 14 July 2015 between Iran, the P5+1 (the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council—China, France, Russia, United Kingdom, United States—plus Germany), and the European Union.
On 24 November 2013, the Joint Plan of Action (برنامه اقدام مشترک), also known as the Geneva interim agreement (توافق هستهای ژنو), was a pact signed between Iran and the P5+1 countries in Geneva, Switzerland.
José Alberto "Pepe" Mujica Cordano (born 20 May 1935) is a Uruguayan politician who served as the 40th President of Uruguay from 2010 to 2015.
John Ricardo I. "Juan" Cole (born October 23, 1952) is an American academic and commentator on the modern Middle East and South Asia.
Judith Jacobson is Associate Professor of Clinical Epidemiology at the Columbia Mailman School of Public Health.
Juliette Binoche (born 9 March 1964) is a French actress, artist and dancer.
Jundallah (lit), also known as People's Resistance Movement of Iran (PRMI), is a Sunni militant organization based in Sistan and Baluchestan, a southeastern region of Iran, that claims to be fighting for "equal rights of Sunni Muslims in Iran".
junge Welt (meaning "Young World" in English) is a German daily newspaper, published in Berlin.
Justin Keating (7 January 1930 – 31 December 2009) was an Irish Labour Party politician, broadcaster, journalist, lecturer and veterinary surgeon.
Justin Koumba (born 5 April 1947Willy Mbossa and Roger Ngombé, "Qui sont les nouveaux membres du bureau de l'Assemblée nationale ?", Les Dépêches de Brazzaville, 8 September 2007.) is a Congolese politician who was President of the National Assembly of Congo-Brazzaville from 2007 to 2017.
Kahrizak Detention Center (in Persian: بازداشتگاه کهریزک) is a detainment facility operated by the Judicial system of Iran in southern Tehran.
Kalam Tv is a social networking website, based primarily on video sharing.
Seyed Kamal Kharazi (کمال خرازی, born 1 December 1944) is an Iranian reformist politician and diplomat who was the Minister of Foreign Affairs from 20 August 1997 to 24 August 2005 as appointed by President Mohammad Khatami serving for eight years.
Kamran Bagheri Lankarani (کامران باقری لنکرانی) is an Iranian physician and politician who was Minister of Health and Medical Education from 2005 until 2009.
Kamran Daneshjoo (کامران دانشجو; born 2 February 1956) is an Iranian university professor who was Minister of Science from 2009 to 2013.
The Karrar (کرار karrār, "striker" is an Iranian unmanned combat air vehicle and used by the military of Iran. It is a derivative of the American 1970s-era Beechcraft MQM-107 Streaker UAV. Unlike normal UCAVs, which choose a low speed for long loiter time, the Karrar has to bomb targets at high speed since it is derived from a high speed target drone. It is the first long-range unmanned aerial vehicle manufactured in Iran. It has possibly been exported to pro-Iranian militias in the Middle East and has seen combat use in the Syrian Civil War.
The Karun-4 Dam is an arch dam on the Karun River located at 180 km southwest of Shahr-e-Kord in the province of Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari, Iran.
Kasra Naji is an Iranian journalist.
Katajun Amirpur (Persian: کتایون امیرپور.; born 1971) is a German-Iranian professor of Islamic Studies at Hamburg University.
Kayhan (کيهان, The Cosmos) is a newspaper in Iran.
Kazem Seddiqi (کاظم صدیقی, born 4 March 1951, sometimes with the honorific Hojatoleslam, or Hujjat al-Islam, "authority of Islam", and surname anglicised as Sedighi) is an Iranian scholar and Mujtahid currently serving as Tehran's Friday Prayer Temporary Imam.
Seyyed Kazem Vaziri Hamaneh (born 1945) is an Iranian engineer who served as oil minister from 2005 to 2007.
Kémi Séba (French language version of Egyptian for "black star"),, Le Nouvel Observateur, 30 October 2008.
Keyhan Hashemnia (کیهان هاشمنیا) is an Iranian politician who served as the governor of Gilan Province.
Keyvan Rafiee (کیوان رفیعی) is a former prisoner of conscience and was arrested six times for his activities starting in 2003.
Khadijeh Saqafi (nicknamed Quds of Iran) (1913 – 21 March 2009) was the wife of Ruhollah Khomeini, the leader of the 1979 Iranian Revolution.
Khorshid (The Sun in English) is a Persian daily published in Iran.
Khosro Daneshjou (خسرو دانشجو) is an Iranian academic and conservative politician who served as a member of the City Council of Tehran from 2003 to 2013, among the pro-Ahmadinejad faction.
Kian Tajbakhsh (کیان تاجبخش, born January 25, 1962) is an Iranian-American scholar, social scientist and urban planner.
Kofi Atta Annan (born 8 April 1938) is a Ghanaian diplomat who served as the seventh Secretary-General of the United Nations from January 1997 to December 2006.
Kouhyar Goudarzi (کوهیار گودرزی) is an Iranian human rights activist, journalist and blogger who was imprisoned several times by the government of Iran.
Larry Holmes is the highest official of the Workers World Party, holding the position of first secretary, and a member of the party Secretariat.
The Lars Vilks Muhammad drawings controversy began in July 2007 with a series of drawings by Swedish artist Lars Vilks that depicted the Islamic prophet Muhammad as a roundabout dog (a form of street installation in Sweden).
Latma (לאטמה, translation from Arabic "slap in the face") is a right-wing Israeli media criticism website that also produces a weekly satirical news show.
Laurence Ferrari (born 5 July 1966) is a French journalist, best known as a former anchor of the TF1 weekday evening news Le 20H.
Lawrence Sidney Eagleburger (August 1, 1930 – June 4, 2011) was an American statesman and career diplomat, who served briefly as the Secretary of State under President George H. W. Bush.
In 2009 the French newspaper Le Monde initiated a Person of the Year designation for the man or woman of that year who had affected the world most significantly, either positively or negatively.
Lee Carroll Bollinger (born April 30, 1946) is an American lawyer and educator who is serving as the 19th president of Columbia University.
Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) persons in Iran face legal challenges not experienced by non-LGBT residents.
Liliane Maury Pasquier (born 16 December 1956) is a Swiss politician, member of the Social Democratic Party of Switzerland, elected to the Swiss Council of States for the canton of Geneva in 2007, and is currently a member of a delegation that cooperates with the French parliament to foster cooperation between the countries.
The Algerian ambassador in Tehran is the official representative of the Government in Algiers to the Government of the Iran.
The Chinese ambassador in Tehran is the official representative of the Government in Beijing to the Government of the Iran.
The Iranian ambassador in Beijing is the official representative of the Government in Tehran to the Government of China.
This is a sorted list of notable persons who have had ties to the American University in Washington, D.C.
This is a list of candidates in 2017 Iranian presidential election which were held on 19 May 2017.
This list of civil engineers is a list of notable people who have been trained in or have practiced civil engineering.
Many unproven conspiracy theories exist with varying degrees of popularity, frequently related to clandestine government plans and elaborate murder plots.
This is a list of women who have served as Members of the Cabinet of Iran.
2011 international organization leaders - 2013 international organization leaders - International organization leaders by year ---- See also.
2012 international organization leaders - 2014 international organization leaders - International organization leaders by year ---- See also.
2013 international organization leaders - 2015 international organization leaders - International organization leaders by year ---- See also.
This is a list of presidential trips made by Abdullah Gül, the 11th President of Republic of Turkey.
This is a list of chief nuclear negotiators of Iran since 2003.
The President of Iran is the highest official elected by direct, popular vote, although the President carries out the decrees, and answers to the Supreme Leader of Iran, who functions as the country's head of state.
This is a list of Iranian Presidents by age.
This is an alphabetic list of notable people from Iran or its historical predecessors.
The Mayor of Tehran is an elected politician who, along with the Tehran’s City Council of 21 members, is accountable for the strategic government of Tehran.
There is a wide range of Muslim politicians, from theocratic leaders such as Ruhollah Khomeini, dictators such as Saddam Hussein, and democratic leaders such as Benazir Bhutto.
The following is a list of political catchphrases, that is, distinctive statements uttered by political figures that have gone on to become well known.
This is a list of the Presidents of the Islamic Republic of Iran since the establishment of that office in 1980.
This article contains a list of Quds Day demonstrations around world.
The following is an episode list for the Israeli sitcom Ramzor.
The following individuals have been identified as senior officers (currently or in the past) of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC), which is a part of the Armed Forces of the Islamic Republic of Iran.
The following is a list of notable Shia Muslims.
Shoe-throwing, or shoeing, showing the sole of one's shoe or using shoes to insult are forms of protest in many parts of the world.
;State leaders: 1951–2000 – Current state leaders – State leaders by year This is a list of state leaders in the 21st century (2001–present) AD, such as the heads of state, heads of government, or the general secretaries of single-party states.
This is a list of foreign heads of state, heads of government who have visited the Iran, which is classified by the Iranian Ministry of Foreign Affairs as either a state visit, official visit, or working visit.
This is a list of episodes from The 1/2 Hour News Hour.
This is a list of episodes for The Colbert Report in 2005 and 2006.
This is a list of episodes for The Colbert Report in 2007.
This is a list of episodes for The Colbert Report in 2008.
Tsitsernakaberd is the official memorial to the Armenian Genocide victims in Yerevan, Armenia.
Lotfollah Forouzandeh Dehkordi (لطفالله فروزنده دهکردی) is an Iranian conservative politician who previously served as Vice President of Iran under Mahmoud Ahmadinejad.
Luis D'Elía is an Argentine activist and politician who served in the government of Néstor Kirchner.
Mahafarid Amir Khosravi (– May 24, 2014), also known as Amir Mansour Aria (امیر منصور آریا.), was an Iranian businessman who was executed for his part in the 2011 Iranian embezzlement scandal.
Mahmoud Abbaszadeh Meshkini (محمود عباسزاده مشکینی) is an Iranian politician.
Exchanges between Mahmoud Ahmadinejad and Israel have demonstrated a strained relationship.
On June 29, 2005, shortly after Mahmoud Ahmadinejad won the Iranian presidential election, several major news outlets publicized allegations that he gunned down several Americans in the 1979–1981 Iran Hostage Crisis.
On May 8, 2006, Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad sent a missive directly to then United States President George W. Bush that proposed "new ways" to end the dispute over the Islamic Republic's development of nuclear power.
Mahmoud Asgari (محمود عسگری), aged 16, and Ayaz Marhoni (عیاض مرهونی), aged 18, were Iranian teenagers from the province of Khorasan who were publicly hanged in Edalat (Justice) Square in Mashhad, northeast Iran, on July 19, 2005.
Mahmoud Bahmani (born 2 January 1947 in Savojbolagh) is an Iranian politician and economist.
Mahmoud Farshidi is an Iranian politician and the Minister of Education of Iran from 2005 to 2008.
Sayyid Mahmoud Hashemi Shahroudi (سید محمود هاشمی شاهرودی, born 15 August 1948) is an Iranian cleric and conservative politician who is currently Chairman of Expediency Discernment Council since 14 August 2017.
Mahmoud Hosseini Zad (محمود حسینیزاد) (born 8 April 1946) is an Iranian translator of the contemporary German literature.
Mahmoud Mohammadi (محمود محمدی) is an Iranian diplomat and politician.
Mahmoud Reza Khavari (محمودرضا خاوری; born May 26, 1952) is an Iranian former banker who was involved in the 2011 Iranian embezzlement scandal.
Mahmud is the primary transliteration of the Arabic given name, محمود,, that comes from the Arabic triconsonantal root of Ḥ-M-D "Praise".
Mahnaz Mohammadi (born 1 January 1975) is an Iranian filmmaker and women's rights activist.
Majid Namjoo (مجيد نامجو) is an Iranian politician who was the minister of energy from 24 August 2009 to 15 August 2013.
Majid Takht-Ravanchi (also Takht-e-Ravanchi) (مجید تختروانچی, born 15 October 1958 in Tehran) is an Iranian diplomat and the Iranian deputy foreign minister for European and American Affairs.
Malcolm Hoenlein has been the executive vice chairman of the Conference of Presidents of Major American Jewish Organizations since June 1986.
The Management and Planning Organization of Iran (MPO) is one of the largest governmental establishments in Iran.
Manouchehr Mottaki (منوچهر متکی; born 12 May 1953) is an Iranian politician and diplomat.
Mansour Haghighatpour (منصور حقیقتپور; born 1959) is an Iranian politician.
Marcus Hellwig (born 26 November 1965 in Wuppertal) is a German journalist working for the weekly BILD am Sonntag.
Marjane Satrapi (مرجان ساتراپی) (born 22 November 1969) is an Iranian-born French graphic novelist, cartoonist, illustrator, film director, and children's book author.
The concept of martyrdom is understood in the Western world as facing persecution and giving of one's life for a set of beliefs, most often religious beliefs.
Maryam Mojtahedzadeh (مریم مجتهدزاده) is an Iranian nurse, educator and conservative politician who was formerly Vice President of Iran under Mahmoud Ahmadinejad.
Marzieh Vahid-Dastjerdi (مرضیه وحید دستجردی, born 11 February 1959) is an Iranian university professor and former parliamentarian, who was Iran's minister of health and medical education.
Mashhad (مشهد), also spelled Mashad or Meshad, is the second most populous city in Iran and the capital of Razavi Khorasan Province.
Masoumeh "Masih" Alinejad-Ghomi (مسیح علینژاد, born 11 September 1976 in Ghomikola, Babol) is an Iranian journalist and author.
Masoud Mir Kazemi (مسعود میرکاظمی; born 1960) is an Iranian conservative politician who was member of the Parliament of Iran from Tehran district during 2012 until 2016.
Masoud Zaribafan (مسعود زريبافان) is an Iranian conservative politician.
Masoumeh Ebtekar (معصومه ابتکار; born Masoumeh, Niloufar Ebtekar; 21 September 1960) is current Vice President of Iran for Women and Family Affairs, being appointed on 9 August 2017.
Mass surveillance is the intricate surveillance of an entire or a substantial fraction of a population in order to monitor that group of citizens.
Maurice Motamed or Morris Motamed (موریس معتمد; born 1945) was elected in 2000 and again in 2004 as a Jewish member of the Iranian Parliament (preceded by Manuchehr Eliasi and succeeded by Siamak Moreh Sedgh), representing the Jewish community which has by Iran's constitution retained a reserved seat since the Persian Constitution of 1906.
Maurice Raymond "Hank" Greenberg (born May 4, 1925) is an American business executive and former chairman and CEO of American International Group (AIG), which was the world's 18th largest public company and the largest insurance and financial services corporation in history.
Mazanderan TV (Mazanderani: تبرستون کانال meaning channel of Tapuria سیمای طبرستان meaning television of Mazanderan) also Mazandaran Broadcast Network, is a local bilingual IRIB television channel, broadcast in the provinces of Mazanderan and Golestan, some parts of the Semnan and Gilan provinces of Iran, and the Balkan province of Turkmenistan.
Mazyar Keshvari (مازیار کشوری; born 5 March 1981) is an Iranian-Norwegian politician for the Progress Party from the city of Oslo.
Media reactions to the Gaza flotilla raid on 31 May 2010 ranged from strong support to strong condemnation of Israel.
Mehdi Chamran (مهدی چمران) is an Iranian architect and conservative politician who last held office as the chairman of City Council of Tehran.
Mehdi Ghazanfari (مهدی غضنفری, born 16 November 1960) is an Iranian politician who was Minister of Industries and Business from 3 August 2011 to 15 August 2013 and Minister of Commerce in the second cabinet of Mahmoud Ahmadinejad from 9 August 2009 to 3 August 2011.
Mehdi Karroubi (Mehdī Karrūbĩ, born 26 September 1937) is an Iranian Shia cleric and reformist politician leading the National Trust Party.
Mahdi Khazali (مهدی خزعلی) is a publisher, physician, blogger and son of a leading right-wing cleric and former Counsel of Guardians member, Ayatollah Abolghasem Khazali.
Seyyed Mehdi Tabatabaei Shirazi (سید مهدی طباطبایی شیرازی, March 21, 1936 — May 17, 2018) was an Iranian Shia cleric and conservative politician who served as member of the Parliament of Iran from 2004 to 2008, representing the districts of Tehran, Rey, Shemiranat and Eslamshahr.
Mehran Ghassemi (مهران قاسمی) (April 8, 1977 – January 9, 2008) was an Iranian journalist.
Mehrdad Bazrpash (مهرداد بذرپاش; born 1980 in Tehran) is an Iranian principlist politician, and the former member of Iran Parliament.
Walter Menzies Campbell, Baron Campbell of Pittenweem, (born 22 May 1941), often known as Ming Campbell, is a British Liberal Democrat politician, advocate and former athlete.
Merlin L. Miller (born 1956) is an American Paleoconservative political activist, independent film director, writer, and producer.
Michael George Andrew Axworthy (born 26 September 1962) is a British academic, author, and commentator.
Michael Collins Piper (born Michael Bernard Piper; July 16, 1960 – May 2015) was an American political writer, conspiracy theorist and talk radio host.
Michael Bornstein Oren (Hebrew: מיכאל אורן; born Michael Scott Bornstein; May 20, 1955) is an American-born Israeli historian, author, politician, former ambassador to the United States (2009–2013), and current member of the Knesset for the Kulanu party and Deputy Minister in the Prime Minister's Office.
Micheline Anne-Marie Calmy-Rey (born 8 July 1945) is a Swiss politician.
Miguel d’Escoto Brockmann (February 5, 1933 – June 8, 2017) was a Nicaraguan diplomat, politician and Catholic priest of the Maryknoll Missionary Society.
Michael S. "Mike" McGavick (born February 7, 1958) is an American business executive and a graduate of the University of Washington.
Myron Leon "Mike" Wallace (May 9, 1918 – April 7, 2012) was an American journalist, game show host, actor, and media personality.
The Ministry of Intelligence of the Islamic Republic of Iran (Persian: وِزارَتِ اِطّلاعات جُمهوریِ اِسلامیِ ایران Vezarat-e Ettela'at Jomhuri-ye Eslami-ye Iran) is the primary intelligence agency of the Islamic Republic of Iran and a member of the Iran Intelligence Community.
Mir-Hossein Mousavi Khameneh (Mīr-Hoseyn Mūsavī Khāmené,; born 2 March 1942) is an Iranian reformist politician, artist and architect who served as the seventy-ninth and last Prime Minister of Iran from 1981 to 1989.
Mir-Hossein Mousavi Khameneh (In Persian: میرحسین موسوی خامنه) served as the last Prime Minister of Iran, from 1981 to 1989, before the position of Prime Minister was abolished in the 1989's review of the Iranian constitution.
Mirza Masroor Ahmad (مرزا مسرور احمد) (born 15 September 1950) is the current and fifth caliph (خليفة المسيح الخامس, khalīfatul masīh al-khāmis), and leader of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community.
Mohamed MorsiThe spellings of his first and last names vary.
Mohammad Abbasi (محمد عباسی, born 28 February 1958) is an Iranian politician who is the former minister of youth affairs and sports.
Major General Mohammad Ali Jafari (محمدعلی جعفری, born 1 September 1957 in Yazd, also known as Aziz Jafari and Ali Jafari) is the Iranian commander of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC). He was appointed by the Supreme Leader of Iran, Ali Khamenei, on September 1, 2007, to succeed Major General Yahya Rahim Safavi. According to a September 2, 2007, report by Radio Free Europe, Radio Farda has described Jafari has been close to the conservative subfaction, which includes Mohsen Rezaee, the secretary of the Expediency Discernment Council and former commander of the IRGC and Mohammad Bagher Ghalibaf, a former IRGC member and the mayor of Tehran. The replacement of Safavi was thought to be a move to strengthen the conservative faction as a counterweight to the radicalizers around President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, whom Safavi is close to. "Observers appear to regard Jafari as principally a tactician, organizer, and 'technical' military man," according to Radio Free Europe. The EU's official journal said the three Iranian Revolutionary Guard members, Jafari, General Qasem Soleimani and the Guard's deputy commander for intelligence, Hossein Taeb, were now subject to sanctions and had been "providing equipment and support to help the Syrian regime suppress protests in Syria".
Mohammad Aliabadi (محمد علیآبادی; born 2 December 1956 in Arak) is former Vice President and Head of Physical Education Organization of Iran.
Mohammad Amin Valian (born March, 31 1989) is an Iranian student who was sentenced to death for participating in a 28 December 2009 demonstration protesting the 2009 presidential election in Iran.
Mohammad Nazemi Ardakani is an Iranian politician who served as the minister of cooperatives and governor of the Qom province.
Mohammad Atrianfar (محمد عطریانفر; born 1953 in Isfahan) is an Iranian journalist and reformist politician, currently the head of the "Policymaking Council" of the daily newspaper Shargh.
Mohammad Bagher Ghalibaf (محمدباقر قالیباف, born 23 August 1961) is an Iranian conservative politician and former military officer who held office as the Mayor of Tehran from 2005 to 2017.
Mohammad Bagher Ghalibaf, Mayor of Tehran launched his third presidential campaign for the Iranian presidency on April 15, 2017.
Mohammad Bagher Zolghadr (محمدباقر ذوالقدر) is an Iranian retired military commander who currently serves as the deputy for strategic, societal–security and crime prevention affairs in the Judicial system of Iran.
Grand Ayatollah Mohammad Fazel Lankarani (1931 in Qom, Iran — June 16, 2007 in Qom, Iran) was an Islamic Iranian cleric.
Mohammad Hosseini (born 1961) is an Iranian politician who served as minister of culture in the second cabinet of Mahmoud Ahmadinejad.
Grand Ayatollah Mohammad Hussain Fadlallah (also Sayyed Muhammad Hussein Fadl-Allāh; محمد حسين فضل الله; 16 November 1935 – 4 July 2010) was a prominent but controversial Shia cleric from a Lebanese family, but born in Najaf, Iraq, Fadlallah studied Islam in Najaf before moving to Lebanon in 1952.
Mohammad Jahromi or Ali Naghi Jahromi (born 1958) is a former Iranian governor and politician who served as minister of labor and social affairs from 2005 to 2009.
Mohammad Javad Zarif Khonsari (محمدجواد ظریف خونساری;; born 7 January 1960) is an Iranian career diplomat, academic and current Minister of Foreign Affairs.
Seyyed Mohammad Khatami (سید محمد خاتمی,; born 14 October 1943) is an Iranian scholar, Shia theologian, and reformist politician.
Mohammad Khazaee (محمد خزاعی, born 12 April 1953 in Kashmar, Iran) is the former Ambassador of Iran to the United Nations.
Mohammad Khoshchehreh is an Iranian economist and politician.
Mohammad Mahdi Faghihi was born during the Persian month of Farvardin, 1341 (between March and April 1962) in Mashhad, and was a childhood neighbor and close friend of Ayatollah Ali Khamenei.
Mohammad Mehdi Zahedi (born 1953 in Kerman) is an Iranian politician and was the former minister of science and technology in Mahmoud Ahmadinejad's first cabinet from 2005 to 2009.
Ayatollah Mohammad Momen (born 1940 in Qom) is a Faqih (a cleric qualified to judge based on Islamic law) and a very influential member of the Guardian Council of the Islamic Republic of Iran.
Mohammad Nahavandian (محمد نهاوندیان, born 2 February 1954) is an Iranian politician and economist who currently serves as the Vice President for Economic Affairs.
Mohammad Nourizad, (محمد نوری زاد) born 10 December 1952 in Shahriar County is an Iranian filmmaker, activist, and former journalist for the conservative daily Kayhan.
Mohammad Reza Aref (محمدرضا عارف, born 19 December 1951) is an Iranian engineer, academic and reformist politician who is currently parliamentary leader of reformists' Hope fraction in the Iranian Parliament, representing Tehran, Rey, Shemiranat and Eslamshahr.
Mohammad-Reza Aref (In Persian: محمدرضا عارف) served as the First Vice President of Iran, from 2001 to 2005 under Mohammad Khatami.
Mohammad Reza Madhi (محمدرضا مدحی) is (reportedly) an Iranian intelligence agent and the subject of a 2011 Iranian television documentary titled A Diamond for Deception (الماسی برای فریب).
Seyed Mohammad-Reza Mirtajodini (سید محمدرضا میرتاجالدینی, born on 30 December 1960) is an Iranian cleric and conservative politician.
Mohammad Reza Naqdi (محمدرضا نقدی) is a senior officer in the Revolutionary Guards.
Mohammad Reza Rahimi (محمدرضا رحيمی, born on 11 January 1949) is an Iranian politician who was first vice president from 13 September 2009 until 3 August 2013.
Mohammad Reza Zonuzi Motlf the 10 richest is Iran.
Mohammad Reza Rouyanian (محمدرضا رویانیان) is an Iranian businessman, football administrator and former Revolutionary Guard commander.
Mohammad Saeedikia (born 1946) is an Iranian politician who served as government minister in different cabinets, the last of which was minister of housing and urban development from 2005 to 2009.
Mohammad Soleimani (born 1954) is an Iranian politician and former Minister of Communication and Information Technology (2005-2009).
Mohammad-Ali Najafi (محمدعلی نجفی; born 13 January 1952) is an Iranian mathematician and reformist politician who was the Mayor of Tehran, serving in the post for eight months, until April 2018.
Mohammad-Ali Ramin (born 1954 in Dezful, Iran) is an Iranian politician, political analyst and writer who served as the Vice Minister of Culture and a presidential advisor under President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad.
Hojjatoleslam Seyed Mohammad Ali Shahidi Mahallati (سید محمد علی شهیدی محلاتی) is an Iranian cleric and politician who currently serves as Director of Foundation of Martyrs and Veterans Affairs.
Mohammad-Hassan Nami (محمدحسن نامی) is an Iranian military officer.
Mohammad-Hossein Moghimi (محمدحسین مقیمی) is an Iranian politician who currently holds office as Governor of Tehran Province.
Mohammad-Javad Mohammadizadeh (born 1951) is an Iranian politician who was Vice President and Head of Environmental Protection Organization of Iran from August 2009 when he replaced Fatemeh Javadi until September 2013.
Mohammad-Reza Bahonar (محمدرضا باهنر, born 2 February 1952) is an Iranian principlist politician who was member of the Parliament of Iran for 28 years.
Mohammad Reza Eskandari was the Minister of Agriculture of the Islamic Republic of Iran from 2005 to 2009.
Mohammad-Reza Shajarian (محمدرضا شجريان) (born 23 September 1940, Mashhad, Razavi Khorasan, Iran) is an internationally and critically acclaimed Iranian classical singer, composer and Ostad (master) of Persian traditional music.
Mohammad-Reza Sharifinia (محمدرضا شریفی نیا, born 15 June 1955 in Tehran, Iran) is an Iranian actor.
Taqī Miṣbāḥ (تقی مصباح; born Taqī Givečī, تقی گیوهچی), commonly known as Muḥammad–Taqī Miṣbāḥ Yazdī (محمدتقی مصباح یزدی, born 31 January 1934) is an Iranian Twelver Shi'i cleric and principlist political activist who unofficially leads Front of Islamic Revolution Stability.
Mohammed Mahdi Akef (Arabic: محمد مهدى عاكف.) (July 12, 1928 – September 22, 2017) was the head of the Muslim Brotherhood, an Egypt-based Islamic political movement, from 2004 until 2010.
Mohsen Aminzadeh (محسن امینزاده, born 1957 in Mashhad, Iran) is an Iranian reformist politician and former diplomat.
Mohsen Hashemi Rafsanjani (محسن هاشمی رفسنجانی, born 24 October 1961 in Qom) is an Iranian politician, academic and engineer who currently serves as member and chairman of City Council of Tehran.
Mohsen Makhmalbaf (محسن مخملباف, Mohsen Makhmalbaaf; born May 29, 1957) is an Iranian film director, writer, film editor, and producer.
Mohsen Mirdamadi (محسن میردامادی, born 1955 in Najafabad, Isfahan) is an Iranian politician.
Mohsen Rezaee Mirgha'ed (محسن رضایی میرقائد, born Sabzevar Rezaei Mirgha'ed on 9 September 1954) is an Iranian conservative politician affiliated with the Resistance Front of Islamic Iran and senior military officer in the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps who currently holds office as the secretary of the Expediency Discernment Council.
Secretary of the Expediency Discernment Council and former Chief Commander of the Sepah Mohsen Rezaee launched his campaign in June 2010 for the 2013 Iranian presidential election after losing in the previous election.
Sayyed Mojtaba Hosseini Khamenei (سید مجتبی حسینی خامنهای; born 8 September 1969) is son of Ali Khamenei, the Supreme Leader of Iran.
Mojtaba Rahmandoust (مجتبی رحماندوست) is an Iranian conservative politician who served a member of the Parliament of Iran from 2012 to 2016, representing Tehran, Rey, Shemiranat and Eslamshahr.
Mojtaba Samareh Hashemi is an Iranian politician.
Monotheism and Justice Front: Supporters of the Government (جبههٔ توحید و عدالت - حامیان دولت) was an Iranian conservative electoral list for the 2012 legislative election.
Morteza Agha-Tehrani (مرتضی آقاتهرانی) is a hardline Iranian shia cleric and politician who is widely seen as Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad's moral advisor and the ethics mentor of his cabinet.
Morteza Alviri (مرتضی الویری, born 23 November 1948) is an Iranian politician who served as Mayor of Tehran from 1999 to 2001.
Morteza Bakhtiari (born 1952) is an Iranian politician who served as Minister of Justice from 2009 to 2013.
Morteza Tamadon (مرتضی تمدن born 1959 in Shahr-e Kord, Iran) is an Iranian politician who served as Governor of Tehran Province from 17 July 2008 to 8 September 2013.
Moshe Ber Beck or Moshe Dov Beck (משה דוב בעק; May 17, 1934) is the chief rabbi of the Neturei Karta movement in United States.
Mostafa Moeen (مصطفی معین; born 1 April 1951 in Najafabad, Isfahan), is an Iranian politician, professor of Pediatrics, and a human right activist which is currently founder and president of Center for Human Rights and Democracy in Iran.
Mostafa Mohammad Najjar (مصطفى محمدنجّار, born 2 December 1956) is an Iranian politician and retired IRGC general.
Mostafa Pourmohammadi (مصطفی پورمحمدی; born 9 March 1960, Qom) is an Iranian prosecutor and politician, who has served at different positions and cabinet posts.
Seyyed Mostafa Tajzadeh (سید مصطفی تاجزاده) is an Iranian reformist politician and a senior member of Islamic Iran Participation Front, as well as Mojahedin of the Islamic Revolution of Iran Organization.
Mothers of Khavaran (مادران خاوران) is an organization in Iran devoted to seeking justice for the victims of mass executions carried out by authorities of the Islamic Republic starting around 1981 and peaking during the 1988 summary mass executions of political prisoners in Iranian prisons.
The MoveOn.org ad controversy began when the U.S. anti-war liberal advocacy group MoveOn.org published a full-page ad in The New York Times on September 10, 2007, accusing General David H. Petraeus of "cooking the books for the White House".
Muhammad ibn Hasan al-Mahdī (محمد بن الحسن المهدي), also known as Imam Zaman (امام زمان), is believed by Twelver Shī‘a Muslims to be the Mahdī, an eschatological redeemer of Islam and ultimate savior of humankind and the final Imām of the Twelve Imams who will emerge with Isa (Jesus Christ) in order to fulfill their mission of bringing peace and justice to the world.
Marwa Ali El-Sherbini (مروة على الشربينى), was an Egyptian woman and German resident who was killed in 2009 during an appeal hearing at a court of law in Dresden, Germany.
My Opposition (Mein Widerstand) is a diary secretly written by the German social democrat Friedrich Kellner (1885–1970) during World War II to describe life under Nazi Germany and to expose the propaganda and the crimes of the Nazi dictatorship.
Nafiseh Kohnavard (born 5 January 1978) is an Iran born British-Iranian journalist who has covered some of the most dangerous Middle East conflicts in recent times for BBC Persian TV.
Narges Kalhor is an Iranian film director.
Grand Ayatollah Naser Makarem Shirazi (born 25 February 1927 in Shiraz, Iran) is an Iranian Shia marja' and religious leader.
Nasrin Soltankhah (نسرین سلطانخواه) is an Iranian politician who was a Vice President under Mahmoud Ahmadinejad from 2009 to 2013.
Mohammad Nasser Saghaye-Biria (محمدناصر سقای بیریا) is an Iranian Shi'a cleric, conservative politician and head of psychology department at Imam Khomeini Educational Research Institute.
Nasser Hejazi (14 December 1949 – 23 May 2011), nicknamed "the legendary Iranian goalkeeper", was an Iranian football player and coach who most notably played for Esteghlal Tehran FC (Taj).
Nation Europa (also called Nation und Europa) was a monthly right-wing magazine, published in Germany.
The National Democratic Party of Germany (Nationaldemokratische Partei Deutschlands, NPD) is a far-right and ultranationalist political party in Germany.
National Iranian Tanker Company (NITC) is a subsidiary of the National Iranian Oil Company, which was privatized in 2009.
The National Press Club is a professional organization and business center for journalists and communications professionals.
National reactions to the Gaza flotilla raid on 31 May 2010 ranged from ranged from support to strong condemnation of Israel.
Sayyid Mojtaba Mir-Lohi (سيد مجتبی میرلوحی), more commonly known as Navvab Safavi (نواب صفوی), was an Iranian Shia cleric and founder of the Fada'iyan-e Islam group.
Neturei Karta (Jewish Babylonian Aramaic: נָטוֹרֵי קַרְתָּא, literally "Guardians of the City") is a religious group of Haredi Jews, formally created in Jerusalem, British Mandate of Palestine, in 1938, splitting off from Agudas Yisrael.
The term "new world order" has been used to refer to any new period of history evidencing a dramatic change in world political thought and the balance of power.
Nicholas D. Kiti kiti has served as the ambassador of Zimbabwe to Iran since July 27, 2007.
Nico Pitney (born 1981) is an American journalist and editor best known for his work with The Huffington Post.
The Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) is a group of states that are not formally aligned with or against any major power bloc.
Norman Lowell (born July 29, 1946) is a Maltese ultranationalist writer and head of the Imperium Europa, a far-right political party.
Notker Wolf OSB (born 21 June 1940 in Unterallgäu, Bavaria) served as the ninth Abbot Primate of the Benedictine Confederation of the Order of Saint Benedict.
Nouri Kamil Mohammed Hasan al-Maliki (نوري كامل محمد حسن المالكي.; born 20 June 1950), also known as Jawad al-Maliki (جواد المالكي) or Abu Esraa (أبو إسراء), is an Iraqi politician who was Prime Minister of Iraq from 2006 to 2014.
A nuclear fuel bank is reserve of low enriched uranium (LEU) for countries that need a backup source of LEU to fuel their nuclear reactors.
The nuclear program of Iran has included several research sites, two uranium mines, a research reactor, and uranium processing facilities that include three known uranium enrichment plants.
Nuclear proliferation is the spread of nuclear weapons, fissionable material, and weapons-applicable nuclear technology and information to nations not recognized as "Nuclear Weapon States" by the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, commonly known as the Non-Proliferation Treaty or NPT.
Nursultan Ábishuly Nazarbayev (born 6 July 1940) is a Kazakh statesman serving as President of Kazakhstan since the office was created on April 24, 1990.
The Office for Strengthening Unity (also Office for Consolidating Unity, Daftar-e Tahkim-e Vahdat), is an Iranian student organization created in 1979, and has been described as "the country's most well-known student organization," and "Iran's leading prodemocracy student group".
An official state car is a car used by a government to transport its head of state or head of government in an official capacity, which may also be used occasionally to transport other members of the government or visiting dignitaries from other countries.
Omid (امید, meaning "Hope") was Iran's first domestically made satellite.
Onion News Network was a parody television news show that ran for two seasons of ten episodes each, both during 2011, on the Independent Film Channel.
Operation Scorched Earth (Arabic: عملية الأرض المحروقة) was the code-name of a Yemeni military offensive in the northern Saada Governorate that began in August 2009, marking the fifth wave of violence in an ongoing insurgency pitting the Zaidi Shia Houthis against the government.
This page lists public opinion polls in connection with the 2017 Iranian presidential election, which were held on 19 May 2017, with a run-off the week after if no candidate secures an absolute majority of the vote in the first round.
Afghanistan has been the world's leading illicit opium producer since 1992 (excluding the year 2001).
According to most U.S. news networks, a majority of Americans support United States or Israeli military action against Iran.
Order of Courage or Bravery (نشان شجاعت) is an Iranian state general order awarded by President of Iran to recognize "courage, a high characteristic of human in achieving distinguished success" in one of the following.
Order of Culture and Art (نشان فرهنگ و هنر) an Iranian state general order awarded by President of Iran to recognize the authors "facilitate theirs emotions to express deep Islamic and humanitarian concepts and to spread culture".
The Excellent Order of Independence (نشان عالی استقلال) is an Iranian state order to recognize "taking important offices and playing a key role in achieving high goals of the Islamic Republic of Iran with all–lateral effort in enlightening positions, distinguished innovations to reach self–sufficiency and independence in different aspects, saving the government from potential threats, helping global proliferation of Islamic revolution principles and other valuable services in critical and decisive periods of time".
The Order of the Islamic Republic (نشان جمهوری اسلامی, Nešān-e Jomhuri-ye Eslāmi-ye) is Iran's state decoration of honour, established 1990, awarded by President of Iran to foreign nationals.
Order of Merit and Management (نشان لياقت و مديريت) an Iranian state expertise order awarded by President of Iran to recognize "an exceptional success in management, distinguished activities, aiding the oppressed and deprived people and/or beneficiary use of utilities and/or offering exquisite ways".
Order of Service (نشان خدمت) is an Iranian state general order awarded by President of Iran to recognize "achieving distinguished success" in one of the following.
The death of Osama bin Laden gave rise to various conspiracy theories, hoaxes, and rumors.
Owj Arts and Media Organization (سازمان هنری رسانهای اوج; 'Owj' means Climax) is legally a media non-governmental organization in Iran, active in launching propaganda campaigns, film production and distribution.
Palestine 194 is the name given to a diplomatic campaign by the Palestinian National Authority to gain membership in the United Nations for the State of Palestine.
Parsian Bank (بانک پارسیان) is a major Iranian private bank, headquartered in Tehran, Iran.
Parvin Ahmadinejad (پروين احمدینژاد; born 3 February 1962) is an Iranian politician.
Parviz Davoodi (پرویز داوودی; born 5 February 1952 in Tehran) is an Iranian hardline conservative politician.
Seyed Parviz Fattah (سید پرویز فتاح) is an Iranian conservative politician, former member of Revolutionary Guard and former minister of energy in Mahmoud Ahmadinejad's first cabinet from 2005 to 2009.
Parviz Kazemi (پرویز کاظمی) is an Iranian politician and former Minister of Welfare and Social Security in the first cabinet of Mahmoud Ahmadinejad.
Paul Michael Dacre (born 14 November 1948) is an English journalist and editor of the British newspaper the Daily Mail.
Paul the Octopus (26 January 2008 – 26 October 2010) was a common octopus which was purportedly used to predict the results of association football matches.
The Ambassador of Iran to the United Nations is the leader of the delegation of Iran to the United Nations.
Persecution of Bahá'ís occurs in various countries, especially in Iran, where the Bahá'í Faith originated and the location of one of the largest Bahá'í populations in the world.
Persepolis is a graphic autobiography by Marjane Satrapi that depicts her childhood up to her early adult years in Iran during and after the Islamic Revolution.
Persepolis Football Club (باشگاه فوتبال پرسپولیس), is a Persian Gulf Pro League professional football club based in Tehran, Iran.
The Persian Gulf Bridge is a road-rail bridge currently under construction that will link Qeshm Island to Bandar Abbas on mainland Iran.
The Persian Gulf naming dispute is concerned with the name of the body of water known historically and internationally as the Persian Gulf (خلیج فارس), after the land of Persia (the traditional name of Iran).
Persian Jews or Iranian Jews (جهودان ایرانی, יהודים פרסים) are Jews historically associated with the Persian Empire, whose successor state is Iran.
Peter Agre (born January 30, 1949) is an American physician and molecular biologist, Bloomberg Distinguished Professor at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health and Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, and director of the.
Peter Olaf Gooderham CMG (born 29 July 1954) is a British diplomat, serving as International Director at the Ministry of Justice.
Peter Alan Oborne (born 11 July 1957) is a British journalist and broadcaster.
Peter Pilz (born 22 January 1954) is an Austrian politician (Peter Pilz List).
The Peugeot 504 is a mid-size, front-engine, rear wheel drive automobile manufactured and marketed by Peugeot for model years 1968-1983 over a single generation, primarily in four-door sedan and wagon configurations — but also with two-door coupe, convertible and pickup truck variants.
Philippe Douste-Blazy (born 1 January 1953) is a United Nations official and former French centre-right politician.
The phony soldiers controversy ensued when the media watchdog site Media Matters brought attention to the "phony soldiers" remark made by Rush Limbaugh during a conversation with a caller on his radio talk show.
Phyllis Bennis (born January 19, 1951) is an American writer, activist, and political commentator.
Polònia (meaning "Poland" in the Catalan language) is a popular comedy TV show broadcast in Catalonia, Spain, by the regional public broadcasting TV3.
Policide is a neologism used in political science to describe the intentional destruction of a city or nation.
Politics in Iran are dictated by factionalism.
Political insult refers to a statement from a politician about another one which contains disdainful purpose or notorious offense.
Opponents of the Bahá'í Faith have accused the faith's followers of various "political crimes", such as dual loyalty and being involved with foreign or hostile powers.
U.S. Senator John McCain (R-AZ), a member of the U.S. Congress since 1983, a two-time U.S. presidential candidate, and the nominee of the Republican Party in the 2008 U.S. Presidential election, has taken positions on many political issues through his public comments, his presidential campaign statements, and his senatorial voting record.
The political positions of Mitt Romney have been recorded from his 1994 U.S. senatorial campaign, the 2002 gubernatorial election, during his 2003–2007 governorship, during his 2008 U.S. presidential campaign, in his 2010 book No Apology: The Case for American Greatness, and during his 2012 U.S. presidential campaign.
The political positions of Ron Paul (L-TX), United States presidential candidate in 1988, 2008, and 2012, are generally described as libertarian, but have also been labeled conservative and constitutionalist.
Below are remarks and positions of Rudy Giuliani, former candidate for the Republican nomination for President of the United States.
Sarah Palin is an American politician, commentator and author who served as the ninth Governor of Alaska, from 2006 to 2009.
Khomeinism is the founding ideology of the Islamic Republic of Iran.
Fidel Castro proclaimed himself to be "a socialist, a Marxist, and a Leninist".
This article focuses on the politics of Khuzestan Province, a petroleum-rich and ethnically diverse province of southwestern Iran.
Qom Province is a religious and politically conservative place, with most voters supportive of the principlist tendency.
During his papal tenure, Pope Benedict XVI focused on building on the outreach of his predecessors towards Islam, particularly, the efforts of Pope John Paul II, who experts say has established trust and opened opportunities for dialogue with Muslims.
The Presidency of Mahmoud Ahmadinejad consists of the 9th and 10th governments of the Islamic Republic of Iran.
The President of Iran (Persian: رییسجمهور ایران Rayis Jomhur-e Irān) is the head of state of the Islamic Republic of Iran.
Presidential Administration of Iran (including Office of the President of Iran) consists of the immediate staff of the current President of Iran and multiple levels of support staff reporting to the President.
--> According to the Fourth Five-Year Economic Development Plan (2005–2010), the Privatization Organization of Iran affiliated with the Ministry of Economic Affairs and Finance is in charge of setting prices and ceding shares to the general public and on the Tehran Stock Exchange.
There were several proposals for a Jewish state in the course of Jewish history between the destruction of ancient Israel and the founding of the modern State of Israel.
Prostitution in Iran is illegal, and incurs various punishments ranging from fines and jail terms to execution for repeat offenders.
A protest song is a song that is associated with a movement for social change and hence part of the broader category of topical songs (or songs connected to current events).
George W. Bush, the 43rd President of the United States, has elicited a variety of public perceptions regarding his policies, personality, and performance as a head of state.
Pupils Association News Agency (PANA) is the Iranian student news agency.
Push the Button, known in Hebrew as Red Button (כפתור אדום, Kaftor Adom), was the Israeli entry in the Eurovision Song Contest 2007, performed in English, French and Hebrew by Teapacks.
Qarz Al-Hasaneh Mehr Iran Bank (بانک قرض الحسنه مهر ایران), also known as QMB, is an Iranian bank founded in December 2007.
The Quds Force (سپاه قدس sepāh-e qods) is a special forces unit of Iran's Revolutionary Guards responsible for their extraterritorial operations.
Rafael Vicente Correa Delgado (born 6 April 1963) is an Ecuadorian politician and economist who served as President of Ecuador from 2007 to 2017.
Rafiq Tağı, born Rafig Nazir oglu Taghiyev (5 August 1950, Khoshchobanly, Masally District, Azerbaijan — 23 November 2011, Baku, Azerbaijan) was an Azerbaijani short story writer and a journalist who worked for Sanat newspaper until police arrested him and Sanat editor Samir Sadagatoglu for "Europe and Us", an article that was deemed to be critical of Islam and the Islamic prophet Muhammad.
Rahmatollah Hafezi (رحمتالله حافظی) is an Iranian conservative politician who currently serves as a member of the City Council of Tehran and president of its commission of health, environment, and city services.
Rajanews (رجانیوز) is an Iranian news website, described as "ultra-conservative, religious, pro-government " and reflecting views of "most militant ideologues active in Iranian politics".
After the anti-Islamic short film Innocence of Muslims was released, on September 13, 2012 protests occurred at the U.S. embassy in Sana'a, Yemen, resulting in the deaths of four protesters and injuries to thirty-five protesters and guards.
Reactions to the 2008 Mumbai attacks were on the local, national and international levels.
Reactions to the execution of Saddam Hussein were varied.
Reactions to the Gaza flotilla raid on 31 May 2010 ranged from fierce condemnation to strong support for Israel.
Reactions to the United States diplomatic cables leak, published by wikiLeaks at the end of November, 2014, included stark criticism, anticipation, commendation, strong support for, as well as outright threats against people involved in the leak, satire, and quiescence.
This is a list of episodes from the fifth season of Real Time with Bill Maher.
The whistleblowing website WikiLeaks has received praise as well as criticism.
Bank Refah Kargaran, also known as Bank Refah (in بانک رفاه), is one of Iran's major banks.
The Regensburg lecture or Regensburg address was delivered on 12 September 2006 by Pope Benedict XVI at the University of Regensburg in Germany, where he had once served as a professor of theology.
While anti-Zionism usually utilizes ethnic and political arguments against the existence or policies of the state of Israel, anti-Zionism has also been expressed within religious contexts which have, at times, colluded and collided with the ethnopolitical arguments over Israel's legitimacy.
Reporters Without Borders (RWB), or Reporters Sans Frontières (RSF), is an international non-profit, non-governmental organization that promotes and defends freedom of information and freedom of the press.
The Republican Jewish Coalition (RJC), formerly the National Jewish Coalition, founded in 1985, is a 501(c)(4) political lobbying group in the United States that promotes Jewish Republicans.
Resalat (lit) is a conservative daily newspaper in Iran.
Resalat Expressway is an east-west expressway in Tehran, Iran.
The 2009 Iranian presidential election was characterized by huge candidate rallies in Iranian cities, and very high turnout reported to be over 80 percent.
Reza Dormishian (رضا درمیشیان.) is an Iranian film director, screenwriter and producer.
Reza Ostadi Moghadam (رضا استادی مقدم) (born 1937 in Tehran) is a member of the Expediency Discernment Council and the Assembly of Experts of the Islamic Republic of Iran.
Reza Sheykholeslam (رضا شیخالاسلام) is an Iranian politician who is the former Minister of Cooperatives, Labour and Social Welfare.
Reza Taghipour (born 1957, in Maragheh) is an Iranian conservative politician who was the Minister of Communications from 2009 to 2012.
Reza Zarrab (رضا ضراب, Rıza Sarraf; born 12 September 1983 in Tabriz, Iran) is a Turkey-based businessman.
Richard W. Bulliet (born 1940) is a professor of history at Columbia University who specializes in the history of Islamic society and institutions, the history of technology, and the history of the role of animals in human society.
Richard Henry Morefield (September 9, 1929 – October 11, 2010) served in the United States Foreign Service and was one of the 66 staff members at the American embassy in Teheran who were taken captive by a militant Islamist student group called the Muslim Student Followers of the Imam's Line on November 4, 1979, as part of what became known as the Iran hostage crisis.
Richard Nelson Frye (January 10, 1920 – March 27, 2014) was an American scholar of Iranian and Central Asian Studies, and Aga Khan Professor Emeritus of Iranian Studies at Harvard University.
The right to exist is said to be an attribute of nations.
Robert Booker "Bob" Baer (born July 1, 1952) is an American author and a former CIA case officer who was primarily assigned to the Middle East.
Robert Faurisson (born Robert Faurisson Aitken; 25 January 1929) is a Franco-British Holocaust denier and former academic.
Robert Alan "Bob" Levinson (born March 10, 1948) is an American former Drug Enforcement Administration and Federal Bureau of Investigation agent who disappeared mysteriously in 2007 in Kish Island, Iran.
Roger Cohen (born 2 August 1955) is a journalist and author.
Roger Garaudy, later Ragaa Garaudy (17 July 1913 – 13 June 2012) was a French philosopher, French resistance fighter and a prominent communist author.
Roland Emmerich (born November 10, 1955) is a German film director, screenwriter, and producer, widely known for his disaster films.
Ronald Steven Lauder (born February 26, 1944) is an American businessman, art collector, philanthropist, and political activist.
Rostam Ghasemi (رستم قاسمی, born 5 May 1964) is an Iranian military officer and politician who was minister of petroleum from 3 August 2011 to 15 August 2013.
Roxana Saberi (رکسانا صابری) (born April 26, 1977) is an American freelance journalist Press TV, deadlink June 16, 2009 and former Miss North Dakota pageant winner.
RT (formerly Russia Today) is a Russian international television network funded by the Russian government.
https://www.britannica.com/biography/Rudaki Abū 'Abd Allāh Ja'far ibn Muḥammad al-Rūdhakī (ابو عبدالله جعفر بن محمد رودکی; died 941), better known as Rudaki رودکی), and also known as "Adam of Poets" (آدم الشعرا), was a Persian poet regarded as the first great literary genius of the Modern Persian language. Rudaki composed poems in the "New Persian" alphabet and is considered a founder of classical Persian literature. His poetry contains many of the oldest genres of Persian poetry including the quatrain, however, only a small percentage of his extensive poetry has survived.
Rudabeh “Rudi” Bakhtiar is a producer for Reuters in Washington, D.C. She is likely best known for anchoring CNN Headline News Tonight, a prime-time national three-hour news cast in the United States.
Ruhollah Ahmadzadeh (روحالله احمدزاده; born 2 January 1979 in Qom) is an Iranian conservative politician.
Hojatoleslam Ruhollah Hosseinian (روح الله حسینیان., born 1955 in Shiraz) is an Iranian Principalist politician.
Sayyid Ruhollah Mūsavi Khomeini (سید روحالله موسوی خمینی; 24 September 1902 – 3 June 1989), known in the Western world as Ayatollah Khomeini, was an Iranian Shia Islam religious leader and politician.
Rulers of Nations, also known as Geo-Political-Simulator 2, is the second installment of the ''Geo-Political'' series.
Seyed Mohammad Sadegh Kharazi (سید محمدصادق خرازی; born 2 March 1963) is a former Iranian diplomat and advisor to Iran's former President Khatami.
Sadegh Mahsouli (صادق محصولی, born 9 March 1959) is an Iranian politician who was Minister of Interior from 2008 to 2009 and Minister of Welfare and Social Security from 2009 to 2011.
Sadegh Sharafkandi (Kurdish: سادق شەڕەفکەندی, Sadiq Şerefkendî; 11 January 1938 – 17 September 1992) was a Kurdish political activist and the Secretary-General of the Kurdistan Democratic Party of Iran (PDKI).
Sadegh Vaez-Zadeh (born 10 April 1959 in Mashhad) is an Iranian professor, currently teaching at the University of Tehran.
Sadeq Khalilian (born 1959) is an Iranian economist, academic and politician who served as agriculture minister from 2009 to 2013 in the government headed by Mahmoud Ahmedinejad.
Sadeq Ardeshir Larijani (صادق اردشیر لاریجانی; born 12 March 1961), more known as Amoli Larijani (آملی لاریجانی), is an Iranian cleric, conservative politician and the current and fifth head of the judicial system of Iran after the 1979 revolution.
SADRA also known as "Iran Marine Industrial Company" was founded in 1968 as a small ship repair yard in Bushehr.
Saeed Abedini (سعيد عابدينی, born 7 May 1980) is an Iranian American Christian pastor who was imprisoned in Iran for threatening “national security” by making Christian gatherings.
Saeed Jalili (سعید جلیلی; born September 1965) is an Iranian conservative politician and diplomat who was secretary of the Supreme National Security Council from 2007 to 2013.
Saeed Laylaz (born c. 1966) is an Iranian economist, journalist, and a former advisor to President Mohammad Khatami.
Saeed Mortazavi (سعید مرتضوی, born 1967) is an Iranian conservative politician, former judge and former prosecutor.
Saeid Aboutaleb (سعید ابوطالب) is an Iranian documentary filmmaker and conservative politician who served a member of the Parliament of Iran from 2004 to 2008 representing Tehran, Rey, Shemiranat and Eslamshahr.
Safdar Hosseini (صفدر حسینی; born 1954) is an Iranian academic and politician, who has served in various cabinet posts.
Safdar Rahmat Abadi (also Rahmatabadi) (died 10 November 2013) was an Iranian politician who served as deputy minister of industry in the governments of Mahmoud Ahmadinejad and Hassan Rouhani.
Sahebeh Rouhani (née Arabi) is the wife of Iranian President Hassan Rouhani.
Sakineh Mohammadi Ashtiani (Səkinə Məhəmmədi Aştiani, سکینه محمدی آشتیانی; born 1967), is an Iranian Azeri woman who has gained the attention of human rights groups and people throughout the world for a conviction of adultery and attempted murder and its accompanying sentence of death by stoning.
Sam Mahmoudi Sarabi is the editor for the Idea & history and book services of Shargh Newspaper who has been summoned to the Intelligence Ministry on February 14, 2011 and has been in detention since then.
Samir Kuntar (سمير القنطار, also transcribed Sameer, Kantar, Quntar, Qantar; 20 July 1962 – 19 December 2015) was a Lebanese Druze member of the Palestine Liberation Front and Hezbollah.
Sangtuda 2 Hydroelectric Power Plant is a Tajik hydroelectric power plant on the Vakhsh River.
Sarmayeh (in Persian سرمایه lit. The Capital) was a daily business newspaper published in Iran until it was banned from publishing by the Iranian government, and several of its reporters and editors were arrested on state security charges in 2009.
Sattar Beheshti (ستار بهشتی) was an Iranian blogger who died in early November 2012 several days after being arrested by the Iranian Cyber Police unit for criticizing the government of the Islamic Republic on Facebook, and after making a signed complaint of being tortured while in custody.
Sayed Ziaoddin Nabavi (born 21 December 1983; also known as Zia Nabavi) is an Iranian student activist.
Sean Christopher Ali Stone (born December 29, 1984) is an American actor, film director, producer, cinematographer and screenwriter.
Semnan Province (استان سمنان, Ostān-e Semnān) is one of the 31 provinces of Iran.
Sepideh Jodeyri (سپیده جدیری. born 23 May 1976, corresponding to 2 Khordâd 1355 by the Iranian calendar, in Ahvaz, Iran) is an acclaimed Iranian poet, literary critic, translator and journalist living in Washington DC, United States.
The 9/11 advance-knowledge conspiracy theories center on arguments that certain institutions or individuals, other than President George W. Bush, had foreknowledge of the September 11 attacks in the United States in 2001.
Seyed Hossein Mousavian (born 1957 in Kashan) is an Iranian policymaker and scholar who served on Iran’s nuclear diplomacy team in negotiations with the EU and International Atomic Energy Agency.
Seyyed Mehdi Hashemi (سید مهدی هاشمی) is an Iranian former military officer and conservative politician who was formerly a member of the Parliament of Iran representing Tehran, Rey, Shemiranat and Eslamshahr.
The Shahab-3 (Ŝahāb 3; shahâb means "meteor") is a medium-range ballistic missile (MRBM) developed by Iran and based on the North Korean Nodong-1.
Shahla Habibi (1958—6 September 2017) was Iran's Presidential Advisor on Women's Affairs from 1995 to 1999.
Shahrvand-e-Emrooz (Today’s Citizen in English) was a Persian-language weekly news magazine which was closed down in September 2011.
Shamseddin Hosseini (born 1967) is an Iranian politician, who served as the minister of economic affairs and finance from 2008 to 2013.
The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), or Shanghai Pact, is a Eurasian political, economic, and security organisation, the creation of which was announced on 15 June 2001 in Shanghai, China by the leaders of China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan; the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation Charter, formally establishing the organisation, was signed in June 2002 and entered into force on 19 September 2003.
Shaukat Aziz (شوکت عزیز) (born 6 March 1949 in Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan) is a Pakistani economist and financier who served as 18th Prime Minister of Pakistan from 20 August 2004 to 15 November 2007, as well as the Finance Minister of Pakistan from 6 November 1999 to 15 November 2007.
Sunni Islam and Shia Islam are the two major denominations of Islam.
Shimon Peres (שמעון פרס,; born Szymon Perski; August 2, 1923 – September 28, 2016) was an Israeli politician who served as the ninth President of Israel (2007–2014), the Prime Minister of Israel (twice), and the Interim Prime Minister, in the 1970s to the 1990s.
Shimon Stein (born 9 March 1948) is an Israeli diplomat.
Shirin Ebadi (Širin Ebādi; born 21 June 1947) is an Iranian lawyer, a former judge and human rights activist and founder of Defenders of Human Rights Center in Iran.
Siamak Ghaderi (ca. 1967 &ndash) is an Iranian freelance journalist and blogger, formerly an editor with the state news agency IRNA, who was arrested on July 27, 2010, and charged with crimes for covering the 2009 Iranian presidential election protests and the Green Movement protest in Tehran, Iran.
Sir Simon Lawrance Gass (born 2 November 1956) is a former British diplomat who was Director General, Political, at the Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO).
Simorgh (ماهوارهبر سیمرغ, Phoenix), also called Safir-2, is an Iranian expendable small-capacity orbital carrier rocket, which was originally scheduled to make its maiden flight in 2010.
The sixty-seventh session of the United Nations General Assembly opened on 18 September 2012 and having its last scheduled meeting on 11 September 2013.
An SNL Digital Short is one in a series of comedic and often musical video shorts created for NBC's Saturday Night Live.
Social classes in Iran have been divided up into upper class, propertied middle class, salaried middle class, working class, independent farmers, and rural wage earners.
A social movement is a type of group action.
The Society of Devotees of the Islamic Revolution (Jam`iyat-e Isargaran-e Enqelab-e Eslami) is a conservative Iranian political party.
The Society of Pathseekers of the Islamic Revolution or Society for the Adherents of the Path of the Islamic Revolution (جمعيت رهپويان انقلاب اسلامي; Rahpooyan) is an Iranian principlist political group, founded in 2008.
Soraya Darabi (ثریا دارابی. ‘’Soraya Darabi’’; born 23 September 1955) is an Iranian teacher, journalist and trade union activist.
Sousan Keshavarz was the 2009 nominee of Iran's President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad as Minister of Education.
Southern Lebanon (Lebanese Arabic: Jnoub, meaning "south") is the area of Lebanon comprising the South Governorate and the Nabatiye Governorate.
Spokesperson for the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (سخنگوی وزارت امور خارجه) is an official whose primary responsibility is to serve as the spokesperson for Iranian Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
Spokesperson of the Government of Iran is responsible for gathering and disseminating information regarding the Cabinet to the media.
Many sports in Iran are both traditional and modern.
There is no official title for the spouse of the President of Iran.
Srđa Popović (born 1973) is a Serbian political activist.
StandWithUs is a non-profit pro-Israel education and advocacy organization based in Los Angeles.
State-sponsored terrorism is government support of violent non-state actors engaged in terrorism.
Steve Inskeep (born June 16, 1968) is an American journalist who is currently the host of Morning Edition and Up First on National Public Radio.
Student activism is work by students to cause political, environmental, economic, or social change.
Stuxnet is a malicious computer worm, first uncovered in 2010.
SuperNews! was a half-hour, satirical animated television series which aired on Current TV.
Supporters of Justice Discourse of Islamic Revolution (حاميان گفتمان عدالت انقلاب اسلامي) was a principlist electoral list for Iranian legislative election, 2012, allegedly close to Esfandiar Rahim Mashaei.
The Supreme Audit Court of Iran (SAC) (Persian: دیوان محاسبات کشور) is a government agency of the Islamic Republic of Iran.
Supreme Council of the Cultural Revolution (SCRC; شورای عالی انقلاب فرهنگی, also translated the Supreme Cultural Revolution Council) is a conservative-dominated body based in Qom, was set up at the time of Ayatollah Khomeini.
Supreme National Security Council (SNSC; شورای عالی امنیت ملی Showrāye Āliye Amniyate Mellī) is the national security council of the Islamic Republic of Iran, the current secretary of the Supreme National Security Council of which is Rear Admiral Upper Half Ali Shamkhani.
Surena (Surenā) is a series of Iranian humanoid robots, named after the Parthian General Surena.
Surname conventions and laws vary around the world.
Surrend: Arts in hotspots is the name of a Danish street art group consisting of artist and teacher at the Royal Danish Academy of Art Jan Egesborg and artist and journalist Pia Bertelsen.
The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), also known as the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, is a set of seventeen global goals for 169 specific areas developed by the United Nations during a deliberative process involving its 193 member states on 25 September 2015.
Tahmasb Mazaheri (born 12 February 1953) is an Iranian politician and economist.
Tarek Fatah (ਤਾਰੇਕ ਫਤਹ) (born 20 November 1949) is a Canadian writer,, Firstpost, 23 November 2015.
An election to the Islamic City Council of Tehran took place on 26 February 1999, along with the local elections nationwide.
Iran convened a conference titled "International Disarmament and Non-proliferation: World Security without Weapons of Mass Destruction" on 17 and 18 April 2010 in Tehran.
The Tehran Jewish Committee, formally registered in 1934, is an umbrella group of Jewish organizations that work on behalf of the Persian Jews in Iran.
The Tehran Monorail was a project to construct a monorail in the Iranian capital Tehran.
Teresa Wilson Bean Lewis (April 26, 1969 – September 23, 2010) was an American murderer who was the only woman on death row in Virginia prior to her execution.
In the United States a common definition of terrorism is the systematic or threatened use of violence in order to intimidate a population or government and thereby effect political, religious, or ideological change.
The Airborne Toxic Event is an American indie band from Los Feliz, Los Angeles, California.
The Blue and White is a magazine written by undergraduates at Columbia University, New York City.
The End of History and the Last Man is a 1992 book by Francis Fukuyama, expanding on his 1989 essay "The End of History?", published in the international affairs journal The National Interest.
The Green Scroll of Freedom (تومار اعتراضی جنبش سبز) is the world's longest petition scroll, measuring over 2,000 metres in length.
The Jester (also known by the leetspeak handle th3j35t3r) is an unidentified computer vigilante who describes himself as a grey hat hacktivist.
"The Jimmy Jab Games" is the third episode of the second season of the American television police sitcom series Brooklyn Nine-Nine.
The Three Tenors were a popular operatic singing group during the 1990s and early 2000s, consisting of Spaniards Plácido Domingo and José Carreras and the Italian Luciano Pavarotti.
The Wrestler is a 2008 American sports drama film produced and directed by Darren Aronofsky, written by Robert D. Siegel, and starring Mickey Rourke, Marisa Tomei, and Evan Rachel Wood.
Then They Came for Me: A Family's Story of Love, Captivity, and Survival is a memoir by Iranian Canadian journalist Maziar Bahari with Aimee Molloy, chronicling Bahari's family history, and his arrest and 118-day imprisonment following the controversial 2009 Iran presidential election.
Person of the Year (called Man of the Year or Woman of the Year until 1999) is an annual issue of the United States news magazine Time that features and profiles a person, a group, an idea, or an object that "for better or for worse...
This timeline of antisemitism chronicles the facts of antisemitism, hostile actions or discrimination against Jews as a religious or ethnic group.
The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Cairo, Egypt.
Anonymous is a decentralized virtual community.
Millennia: 1st BC1st–2nd3rd ---- Centuries: 7th BC6th BC5th BC4th BC3rd BC2nd BC1st BCSee alsoReferencesBibliographyExternal links.
The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Tehran, Iran.
This is a timeline of the 2006 Lebanon War during the month of July.
This is a timeline of the 2006 Lebanon War during mid August.
This is a timeline of the 2006 Lebanon War during September.
Following the 2009 Iranian presidential election, protests against alleged electoral fraud and in support of opposition candidates Mir-Hossein Mousavi and Mehdi Karroubi occurred in Tehran and other major cities in Iran and around the world starting after the disputed presidential election on 2009 June 12 and continued even after the inauguration of Mahmoud Ahmedinejad as President of Iran on 5 August 2009.
The Libyan Civil War began on 17 February 2011 as a civil protest and later evolved into a widespread uprising.
This is a timeline of the 21st century.
The Jyllands-Posten Muhammad cartoons were first published by Jyllands-Posten in late September 2005; approximately two weeks later, nearly 3,500 people demonstrated peacefully in Copenhagen.
This is the timeline of the nuclear program of Iran.
The following is a timeline of the Syrian Civil War from May to August 2011, including the escalation of violence in many Syrian cities.
The following is a timeline of the Syrian uprising from September to December 2011.
Tropico 3 is a video game developed by Haemimont Games and published by Kalypso Media.
Tropico 4 is a Simulator video game developed by Haemimont Games and published by Kalypso Media.
Turkey's 17th general election was held on 12 June 2011 to elect 550 new members of Grand National Assembly.
The Uma Oya Hydropower Complex (also internally called Uma Oya Multipurpose Development Project or UOMDP) is a irrigation and hydroelectric complex currently under construction in the Badulla District of Sri Lanka.
United Against Nuclear Iran (UANI) is a non-partisan, non-profit advocacy organization in the United States that seeks "to prevent Iran from fulfilling its ambition to become a regional super-power possessing nuclear weapons." Along with other advocacy campaigns, the organization leads efforts to pressure companies to stop doing business with Iran as a means to halt the Iranian government's nuclear program and its alleged development of nuclear weapons.
The United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development (UNCSD), also known as Rio 2012, Rio+20, or Earth Summit 2012 was the third international conference on sustainable development aimed at reconciling the economic and environmental goals of the global community.
United Nations Security Council Resolution 1696, adopted on July 31, 2006, after expressing concern at the intentions of the nuclear programme of Iran, the Council demanded that Iran halt its uranium enrichment programme.
United Nations Security Council Resolution 1737 was unanimously passed by the United Nations Security Council on 23 December 2006.
UN Security Council Resolution 1835 was adopted unanimously by United Nations Security Council on 27 September 2008.
United Nations Security Council Resolution 1929, adopted on 9 June 2010, after recalling resolutions 1696 (2006), 1737 (2006), 1747 (2007), 1803 (2008), 1835 (2008) and 1887 (2009) concerning the topics of Iran and non-proliferation, the Council noted that Iran had failed to comply with previous Security Council resolutions concerning its nuclear program and imposed further sanctions on the country.
The 2006 United States elections were held on Tuesday, November 7, 2006 in the middle of Republican President George W. Bush's second term.
The University of Iranians is the name of the proposed technical university in Iran.
Upper Gotvand Dam, or simply the Gotvand Dam, is an embankment dam on the Karun River about northeast of Gotvand in Khuzestan Province, Iran.
USA kill or capture strategy in Iraq refers to a strategy adopted in 2007 by the United States in Iraq to confront "suspected Iranian operatives in Iraq".
Vahid Jalalzadeh (وحید جلالزاده, born in Urmia, West Azerbaijan) is an Iranian politician, and the governor of West Azerbaijan since 2009 to 2013 in the Government of Mahmoud Ahmadinejad.
Valiollah Seif (ولیالله سیف, born 1 January 1952) is an Iranian economist.
Vatan-e Emrooz (Persian: وطن امروز lit. "Homeland Today") is a full-color daily Persian-language newspaper managed by Mehrdad Bazrpash (an ally of former president Mahmoud Ahmadinejad and former head of the student Basij organization branch at Sharif University of Technology).
The Venezuelan presidential election of 2012 was held on 7 October 2012 (referred by local media as 7-O) to choose a president for the six-year term beginning February 2013.
Vice Presidency for Women and Family Affairs is a cabinet-level position in Iran, headed by one of the Vice Presidents.
The Vice President of Iran (معاون ریاست جمهوری اسلامی ایران) is defined by article 124 of the Constitution of Iran, as anyone appointed by the President of Iran to lead an organization related to Presidential affairs.
Views on the nuclear program of Iran vary greatly, as the nuclear program of Iran is a very contentious geopolitical issue.
Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin (a; born 7 October 1952) is a Russian statesman and former intelligence officer serving as President of Russia since 2012, previously holding the position from 2000 until 2008.
VoteVets.org is organized as a progressive political action committee (PAC) and non-profit 501(c)(4) status in the United States.
The Warwick New York is a luxury hotel located at 65 West 54th Street, near Sixth Avenue in Manhattan, New York City.
WikiWarMonitor is a website dedicated to resolving Wikipedia edit wars.
William Jefferson Hague, Baron Hague of Richmond, (born 26 March 1961), is a British Conservative politician and life peer.
William Anthony Schabas, OC (born 19 November 1950) is a Canadian academic in the field of international criminal and human rights law, and has been called 'the world expert on the law of genocide and international law.' He is professor of international law at Middlesex University in the United Kingdom, professor of international human law and human rights at Leiden University in the Netherlands, and an internationally respected expert on human rights law, genocide and the death penalty.
Women in Iran discusses the history, contribution, aspects, and roles of women in Iran.
Women's association football, also commonly known as women’s football, or women's soccer, is the most prominent team sport played by women around the globe.
Formal education for women in Iran began in 1907 with the establishment of the first primary school for girls.
In the Annals of history dating back to the great Achaemenid Empire (2000 – 550 BCE), women in Iran have, for the most part, been subordinate to men.
The word(s) of the year, sometimes capitalized as "Word(s) of the Year" and abbreviated "WOTY" (or "WotY"), refers to any of various assessments as to the most important word(s) or expression(s) in the public sphere during a specific year.
Workers' Party of Social Justice (Dělnická strana sociální spravedlnosti) is a Czech political party, often described as the major far-right extremist party in the Czech Republic.
The World Jewish Congress (WJC) was founded in Geneva, Switzerland, in August 1936 as an international federation of Jewish communities and organizations.
World Trade Center controlled demolition theories contend that the collapse of the World Trade Center was not solely caused by the airliner crash damage that occurred as part of the September 11, 2001, attacks, and the resulting fire damage, but by explosives installed in the buildings in advance.
Xenophobia is the fear and distrust of that which is perceived to be foreign or strange.
The Front of Comrades for the Effectiveness and Transformation of Islamic Iran (جبهه یاران کارآمدی و تحول ایران اسلامی), known by the backronym YEKTA Front (جبهه یکتا, meaning Unique) is an Iranian principlist political group, formed in 2015.
Yisroel Dovid Weiss (born 1956) is an activist and spokesman for a minority branch of Neturei Karta, a anti-Zionist group.
"You" were chosen in 2006 as Time magazine's Person of the Year.
Yousef Saanei (يوسف صانعى; born 1937) is an Iranian Twelver Shi'a cleric and politician, a chairman of the Islamic Republic of Iran's powerful Guardian Council from 1980-83.
Zahra Rahnavard (زهرا رهنورد; born Zohreh Kazemi; 19 August 1945) is an Iranian academic, artist and politician.
Zahra Shojaei is an Iranian politician.
Zanan magazine (ماهنامه زنان, meaning Women in English) is a monthly women's magazine published in Iran.
Zero Degree Turn or Zero Degree Latitude (مدار صفر درجه Madâr-e sefr darajeh) is a 2007 television series, made through the cooperation of Iran, Hungary, France, and Lebanon.
Zohreh Sefati is a female Mujtahida.
Zohreh Tabibzadeh-Nouri (زهره طبیبزاده نوری) is an Iranian dentist and conservative politician who was formerly member of the Parliament of Iran representing Tehran, Rey, Shemiranat and Eslamshahr.
The 2012 ECO summit was the twelfth Economic Cooperation Organisation summit, held on 16 October 2012 in Baku, Azerbaijan.
The Thirteenth G-15 summit was held in Havana, Cuba on September 14, 2006.
The Fourteenth G-15 summit was held in Tehran, Iran on May 17–20, 2010.
The 16th Summit of the Non-Aligned Movement was held from 26 to 31 August 2012 in Tehran, Iran.
Events from the year 1956 in Iran.
Three Iranian diplomats as well as a reporter of Islamic Republic News Agency (IRNA) were abducted in Lebanon on 4 July 1982.
The phrase "two plus two equals five" ("2 + 2.
The 2000s was a decade of the Gregorian calendar that began on January 1, 2000, and ended on December 31, 2009.
The following lists events that happened during 2005 in the Islamic Republic of Iran.
Events in the year 2005 in Israel.
These are some of the notable events relating to politics in 2005.
The Ahvaz bombings were a series of bomb explosions, that took place mostly in Ahvaz, Iran in 2005-2006, and were blamed on Ahvaz separatist organizations of Arabs.
2006 was designated as.
The 2006 al-Askari Shrine bombing occurred at the al-Askari Shrine in the Iraqi city of Samarra, on February 22, 2006, at about 6:44 a.m. local time (0344 UTC).
The 2006 Asian Games (دورة الألعاب الآسيوية 2006, Dawrat al-ʼAl‘ab al-Asīawīah), officially known as the XV Asiad, was an Asian multi-sport event held in Doha, Qatar from December 1 to 15, 2006 with 424 events in 39 sports and disciplines featured in the games.
The following lists events that happened during 2006 in Iran.
These are some of the notable events relating to politics in 2006.
On May 19, 2006, the National Post of Canada published pieces by Amir Taheri alleging that the Iranian parliament had passed a sumptuary law mandating a national dress code for all Iranians, Muslim and non-Muslim alike.
The 2007 al-Askari mosque bombing (تفجير مسجد العسكري) occurred on 13 June 2007 at around 9 am local time at one of the holiest sites in Shia Islam, the al-Askari Mosque, and has been attributed by Iran to the Iraqi Baath Party.
2007 Gasoline Rationing Plan in Iran was launched by president Mahmoud Ahmadinejad's cabinet to reduce that country's fuel consumption.
Events from the year 2007 in Afghanistan.
Events from the year 2007 in Iran.
Events from the year 2007 in the United Arab Emirates.
Events from the year 2007 in the United Kingdom.
Iranian military personnel arrested 15 Royal Navy personnel in 2007 and held them for 13 days.
Iranian petrol rationing riots started on 27 June 2007 when the Iranian government introduced petrol rationing.
Events from the year 2008 in Algeria.
Events in the year 2008 in the Republic of India.
The following lists events that happened during 2008 in the Islamic Republic of Iran.
2009 was designated as.
Events in the year 2009 in the Islamic Republic of Iran.
The 2009 Iranian Air Force Il-76MD Adnan 2 accident of 22 September 2009 resulted in the destruction of Iran's only functional airborne early warning and control (AWACS) aircraft, an Ilyushin Il-76MD Adnan 2.
Protests against the 2009 Iranian presidential election results (اعتراضات علیه نتایج انتخابات ریاست جمهوری سال ۱۳۸۸) (a disputed victory by Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad), in support of opposition candidates Mir-Hossein Mousavi and Mehdi Karroubi, occurred in major cities nationwide from 2009 into early 2010.
The 2009 Pishin bombing occurred on October 18, 2009, when a suicide bomber detonated explosives at a meeting in the southeastern Iranian town of Pishin in Sistan and Baluchestan Province.
On July 31, 2009, three Americans, Joshua Fattal (27), Sarah Shourd (32), and Shane Bauer (28) were taken into custody by Iranian border guards for crossing into Iran while hiking near the Iranian border in Iraqi Kurdistan.
The 2010 Ecuador crisis took place on 30 September 2010, when elements of the National Police blockaded highways, occupied the National Parliament, blocked the Mariscal Sucre International Airport in Quito and the José Joaquín de Olmedo International Airport in Guayaquil, and took over TV Ecuador's station, in what they claimed was a strike to oppose a government-sponsored law that supposedly reduced their benefits.
Events in the year 2010 in the Islamic Republic of Iran.
Events in the year 2010 in the United States.
On July 26, 2010, seventeen prisoners from Ward 350 of Evin prison, Iran, executed a 16-day hunger strike to protest solitary confinement, as well as the poor living conditions within the prison.
In the aftermath of the 2010 election, great attention was given to the decision on who should be the next Iraqi PM.
The 2010 Nuclear Security Summit was a summit held in Washington, D.C., on April 12 and 13, 2010.
The 2010 Zahedan bombings were two suicide bombings on 2010 that targeted Shia worshippers in Iran, including members of the Revolutionary Guards.
The 2010s (pronounced "twenty-tens" or "two thousand (and) tens").
On 11 October 2011, United States officials alleged there was a plot tied to the Iranian government to assassinate Saudi ambassador Adel al-Jubeir in the United States.
Events in the year 2011 in the Islamic Republic of Iran.
The 3,000 billion toman embezzlement in Iran (also 2,800 billion embezzlement; approximately US$943.5 million) was a fraud involving the use of forged documents to obtain credit from at least seven Iranian state and private banks to purchase state-owned companies.
The 2011 Khuzestan protests, known among protesters as the Ahvaz Day of Rage, relates to violent protests, which erupted on 15 April 2011 in Khuzestan Province, to mark an anniversary of the 2005 Ahvaz unrest, and as a response to the regional Arab Spring.
The 2011–12 protests in Iran were a series of demonstrations in Iran which began on 14 February 2011, called "The Day of Rage".
The 2012 East Azerbaijan earthquakes – also known as the Afar earthquakes – occurred on August 11, 2012, at 16:53 Iran Standard Time, near the cities of Ahar and Varzaqan in Iran's East Azerbaijan Province, approximately 60 kilometers (37 miles) from Tabriz.
Events in the year 2012 in the Islamic Republic of Iran.
Garment factories in the Pakistani cities of Karachi and Lahore caught fire on 11 September 2012.
The 2012 SCO summit was the 12th annual summit of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation.
The following lists events that happened during 2013 in the Islamic Republic of Iran.
On 12 November 2017 at 18:18 UTC (21:48 Iran Standard Time, 21:18 Arabia Standard Time), an earthquake with a moment magnitude of 7.3 occurred on the Iran–Iraq border, just inside Iran, in Ezgeleh, Salas-e Babajani County, Kermanshah Province, with an epicentre approximately south of the city of Halabja, Iraqi Kurdistan.
A series of public protests occurred in various cities throughout Iran beginning on 28 December 2017 and continuing into 2018.
The bidding process for the 2018 and 2022 FIFA World Cups was the process by which the Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) selected locations for the 2018 and 2022 FIFA World Cups.
The 21st century is the current century of the Anno Domini era or Common Era, in accordance with the Gregorian calendar.
300 is a 2006 American epic war film based on the 1998 comic series 300 by Frank Miller and Lynn Varley.
There are many conspiracy theories that attribute the planning and execution of the September 11 attacks against the United States to parties other than, or in addition to, al-Qaeda including that there was advance knowledge of the attacks among high-level government officials.
Adherents of the 9/11 Truth movement are conspiracy theorists who dispute the mainstream account of the September 11 attacks of 2001.
The 9th Islamic Consultative Assembly was 33rd Parliament of Iran that commenced on 27 May 2012 following the legislative elections on 2 March and 4 May 2012 and was closed on 24 May 2016.
Achmadinijad, Achmedinajad, Achmedinnijad, Ahmadi Nejad, Ahmadi Nezhad, Ahmadi nejad, Ahmadi-Nejad, Ahmadinajad, Ahmadinejad, Ahmadinezhad, Ahmajenidad, Ahmedinajad, Ahmedinejad, Ahmedinnajad, Criticism of Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, Mahmad ahmadinejad, Mahmood Ahmadinejad, Mahmood Ahmadinezhad, Mahmoud Ahmadenijad, Mahmoud Ahmadi Nejad, Mahmoud Ahmadi-Najad, Mahmoud Ahmadi-Nejad, Mahmoud Ahmadinejead, Mahmoud Ahmadinezhad, Mahmoud Ahmedinajad, Mahmoud Ahmedinejad, Mahmoud Ahmedinijab, Mahmoud Ahmenidijad, Mahmoud Sabaghian, Mahmoud Saborjhian, Mahmoud Sabourjian, Mahmoud Saburjian, Mahmoud ahmadinejad, Mahmud Ahmadi-Nejad, Mahmud Ahmadinejad, Mahmud Ahmadinezhad, Mahoud Ahmadinejad, Mamood achmedinajad, Mamoud achmedinajad, President Ahmadinejad, محمود احمدی نژاد, محمود احمدینژاد.