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Mannar, Sri Lanka

Index Mannar, Sri Lanka

Mannar (மன்னார், මන්නාරම), formerly spelled Manar, is a large town and the main town of Mannar District, Northern Province, Sri Lanka. [1]

168 relations: A. J. P. Ponrajah, A14 highway (Sri Lanka), A32 highway (Sri Lanka), Adam's Bridge Marine National Park, AH43, Alli Raani, Anuradhapura Kingdom, Arippu Bridge, Arippu fort, Batticaloa, Battle of Kilinochchi 2008–09, Battle of Vidattaltivu, British Tamils Forum, Campaign of Danture, Cankili I, Cankili II, Case of Wijikala Nanthan and Sivamani Sinnathamby Weerakon, Catholic Church in Sri Lanka, Ceylonese State Council election, 1936, Chola rule in Sri Lanka, Coverage of Google Street View, December 4, Dennis Hapugalle, Districts of Sri Lanka, Divisions of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam, Doric Bungalow, Environment of Sri Lanka, Erukkulampiddy, Expulsion of Muslims from the Northern province by LTTE, Forts in Sri Lanka, Foundation Sheikh Thani Ibn Abdullah for Humanitarian Services, Francis Xavier, Franklin Gimson, G. A. Chandrasiri, Giant's Tank, Giant's Tank Sanctuary, History of Sri Lanka, History of the Jaffna Kingdom, House of Siri Sanga Bo, House of Vijaya, Ida Carmelitta, Index of Sri Lanka-related articles, Index of Sri Lanka-related articles (M), Indian Tamils of Sri Lanka, Internally displaced persons in Sri Lanka, Islam in Sri Lanka, Jacob de Jong, Jaffna Airport, Jaffna Kingdom, John Evans, 5th Baron Carbery, ..., Joseph Vaz, Kandyan commerce raiding against Portugal (1612–13), Kankesanthurai, Ketheeswaram temple, Kingdom of Tambapanni, Kingdom of Upatissa Nuwara, Koneswaram temple, Kudiramalai, Lankapura Dandanatha, Lasallian educational institutions, Lessons Learnt and Reconciliation Commission, Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam, List of A-Grade highways in Sri Lanka, List of aircraft accidents and incidents resulting in at least 50 fatalities, List of assassinations of the Sri Lankan Civil War, List of attacks attributed to the LTTE, 1980s, List of beaches in Sri Lanka, List of bridges in Sri Lanka, List of current Sri Lanka Army formations, List of Portuguese colonial forts, List of railway stations in Sri Lanka, List of railway stations in Sri Lanka by line, List of schools in Northern Province, Sri Lanka, List of settlements in Northern Province, Sri Lanka, List of shipwrecks in 1994, List of towns in Sri Lanka, M. H. Gunaratne, M. Sivasithamparam, Madhu Road National Park, Madhu school bus bombing, Malvathu River, Mannar, Mannar Bridge, Mannar District, Mannar Divisional Council, Mannar Electoral District, Mannar fort, Mannar Hospital, Mannar Island, Mannar mass grave, Mannar massacre, Mannar Urban Council, Manthai, Mary Bastian, Medawachchiya, Muhamalai Forward Defence Line, Munneswaram temple, Naga people (Lanka), Nicholas Pillai Pakiaranjith, Nissanka Wijeyeratne, Northern line (Sri Lanka), Northern Province, Sri Lanka, Northern Theater of Eelam War IV, Open University of Sri Lanka, Operation Eagle (Sri Lanka), Operation Trishul, Operation Viraat, Pandara Vanniyan, Parakramabahu I, Parakramabahu VI of Kotte, Persecution of Muslims, Philippus Baldaeus, Portuguese conquest of the Jaffna kingdom, Portuguese invasion of Jaffna kingdom (1560), Portuguese invasion of Jaffna kingdom (1591), Postal codes in Sri Lanka, Rail transport in Sri Lanka, Rajarata, Rajasinha I of Sitawaka, Roman Catholic Diocese of Jaffna, Roman Catholic Diocese of Mannar, Rudra Rajasingham, S. A. Tharmalingam, Sarath Fonseka, Sarath Munasinghe, Selvam Adaikalanathan, Shakthi FM, Shankar (Tamil militant), Shiva Temples of Tamil Nadu, Siege of Kotte (1557–58), Sinhalese monarchy, Sinhalese people, Sithivinayagar Hindu College, SLNS Sagarawardena, Sri Lanka, Sri Lanka Army, Sri Lanka Railways, Sri Lankan Portuguese creole, Sri Lankan Tamil Dramas, St. Sebastian's Cathedral, Mannar, St. Xavier's Boys' College, St. Xavier's Girls' College, Suicide bombings in Sri Lanka, Talaimannar, Tamil population by cities, Telephone numbers in Sri Lanka, Tenavaram temple, Tissanayagam family, Transport in Sri Lanka, Treaty of Batticaloa, Trincomalee, Urban councils of Sri Lanka, V. A. Alegacone, V. M. Panchalingam, V. S. Thurairajah, Vanni Nadu, Wilpattu National Park, 1964 Rameswaram cyclone, 1984, 1984 Mannar massacre, 1998 in aviation, 1st State Council of Ceylon, 2008–09 Sri Lankan Army Northern offensive, 2009 suicide air raid on Colombo, 2012 in Sri Lanka, 2016 in Sri Lanka, 2016 Sri Lankan floods, 57 Division (Sri Lanka). Expand index (118 more) »

A. J. P. Ponrajah

Anthony James Princely Ponrajah was a leading Sri Lankan civil engineer and Director of Irrigation in Sri Lanka.

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A14 highway (Sri Lanka)

The A 14 road is an A-Grade trunk road in Sri Lanka.

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A32 highway (Sri Lanka)

The A 32 road is an A-Grade trunk road in Sri Lanka.

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Adam's Bridge Marine National Park

Adam's Bridge Marine National Park (இராமர் பாலம் கடல்சார் தேசிய பூங்கா Irāmar Pālam Kaṭalcār Tēciya Pūṅkā) is a national park surrounding Adam's Bridge (Rama's Bridge) in northern Sri Lanka, approximately north west of Mannar.

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AH43

Asian Highway 43 (AH43) is a route of the Asian Highway Network, running from Asian Highway 1 in Agra, India to Matara in Sri Lanka.

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Alli Raani

Alli Raani, also known as Alli Arasani, is a legendary Tamil queen of the Sangam period, who is thought to have ruled the whole western and northern coast of Sri Lanka from her capital Kudiramalai.

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Anuradhapura Kingdom

The Anuradhapura Kingdom (Sinhala: අනුරාධපුර රාජධානිය, Tamil:அனுராதபுர இராச்சியம்), named for its capital city, was the first established kingdom in ancient Sri Lanka and Sinhalese people.

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Arippu Bridge

Arippu Bridge (also known as the Thallady-Arippu Bridge) is a road bridge across Aruvi Aru (Malvathu Oya) in north western Sri Lanka.

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Arippu fort

Arippu Fort (translit; translit; also known as Allirani fort; translit) was built by the Portuguese and was handed over to the Dutch in 1658.

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Batticaloa

Batticaloa (மட்டக்களப்பு, Maṭṭakkaḷappu; මඩකලපුව, Madakalapuwa) is a major city in the Eastern Province, Sri Lanka, and its former capital.

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Battle of Kilinochchi 2008–09

The Battle of Kilinochchi was a land battle fought between the Sri Lankan Military and the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) for the control of the town of Kilinochchi in the Northern Theater of Eelam War IV during the Sri Lankan civil war between November 2008 and January 2009.

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Battle of Vidattaltivu

The Battle of Vidattaltivu was a military conflict over the town of Vidattaltivu, Sri Lanka fought by the 58 Division of the Sri Lankan Military and the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE).

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British Tamils Forum

British Tamils Forum or BTF, is a largest organisation representing the Tamil Community in the United Kingdom.

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Campaign of Danture

The Danture campaign comprised a series of encounters between the Portuguese and the Kingdom of Kandy in 1594, part of the Sinhalese–Portuguese War.

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Cankili I

Cankili I (சங்கிலியன்) (died 1565), also known as Segarasasekaram, is the most remembered Jaffna kingdom king in the Sri Lankan Tamil history.

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Cankili II

Cankili II (சங்கிலி குமாரன்) (died 1619) was the self-proclaimed last king of the Jaffna kingdom and was a usurper who came to throne with a palace massacre of the royal princess and the regent Arasakesari in 1617.

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Case of Wijikala Nanthan and Sivamani Sinnathamby Weerakon

Wijikala Nanthan and Sivamani Sinnathamby Weerakon are Sri Lankan Tamil women who were allegedly raped and tortured on March 19, 2001 in Mannar Sri Lanka.

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Catholic Church in Sri Lanka

The Catholic Church in Sri Lanka (Sinhala: Sri Lankavay Katholika Sabhava) is part of the worldwide Catholic Church, under the spiritual leadership of the pope in Rome.

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Ceylonese State Council election, 1936

The second election to the State Council of Ceylon was held from 22 February to 7 March 1936.

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Chola rule in Sri Lanka

The period of Chola rule in the island of Sri Lanka began with the invasion in 993 AD, when Raja Raja Chola sent a large Chola army which conquered the Anuradhapura Kingdom, in the north, and added it to the Chola Empire.

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Coverage of Google Street View

Google Street View was first introduced in the United States on May 25, 2007, and until November 26, 2008, featured camera icon markers, each representing at least one major city or area (such as a park), and usually the other nearby cities, towns, suburbs, and parks.

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December 4

No description.

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Dennis Hapugalle

Brigadier Dennis Hapugalle, VSV, psc, SLAC (1930–2000) was a Sri Lankan military officer, former Chief of Civil Defence and Permanent Secretary, Ministry of Internal Security.

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Districts of Sri Lanka

In Sri Lanka, districts (Distrikka, மாவட்டம்) are the second-level administrative divisions, and are included in a province.

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Divisions of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam

Divisions of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam refers to the military, intelligence and overseas divisions the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE).

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Doric Bungalow

The Doric Bungalow (also known as The Doric) at Arippu East, Mannar, Sri Lanka, was the residence of the first British Governor of Ceylon.

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Environment of Sri Lanka

The environment of Sri Lanka is unique in being one of the world's bio-diversity hot-spots.

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Erukkulampiddy

Erukkulampiddy or Erukkulampiddi (இருக்குலம்பிட்டி) is a small coastal town on the eastern coast of Mannar Island in Mannar District, northwestern Sri Lanka.

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Expulsion of Muslims from the Northern province by LTTE

The expulsion of the Muslims from the Northern province was an act of ethnic cleansing carried out by the Tamil militant Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) organisation in October 1990.

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Forts in Sri Lanka

Forts and fortifications in Sri Lanka date back thousands of years with many being built by Sri Lankan Kings, these include several walled cities.

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Foundation Sheikh Thani Ibn Abdullah for Humanitarian Services

The Foundation Sheikh Thani Ibn Abdullah for Humanitarian Services (مؤسسة الشيخ ثاني بن عبد الله للخدمات الإنسانية), abbreviated as RAF (راف) is a Qatari foundation established by the al-Thani family.

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Francis Xavier

Francis Xavier, S.J. (born Francisco de Jasso y Azpilicueta, in Latin Franciscus Xaverius, Basque: Frantzisko Xabierkoa, Spanish: Francisco Javier; 7 April 15063 December 1552), was a Navarrese Basque Roman Catholic missionary, born in Javier (Xavier in Navarro-Aragonese or Xabier in Basque), Kingdom of Navarre (present day Spain), and a co-founder of the Society of Jesus.

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Franklin Gimson

Sir Franklin Charles Gimson (Chinese: 詹遜, 10 September 1890 – 13 February 1975) was a British colonial administrator, who served in Ceylon from 1914 to 1941, and later as Colonial Secretary of Hong Kong and Governor of Singapore.

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G. A. Chandrasiri

Major General Gammanpila Arachchige Chandrasiri (known as G.A Chandrasiri), RWP, USP, ndc, psc, SLAC (born 1954) is a Sri Lankan general and a provincial governor.

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Giant's Tank

Giant's Tank (translit; යෝධ වැව Yōdha Væva) is an irrigation tank in northern Sri Lanka, approximately south east of Mannar.

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Giant's Tank Sanctuary

Giant's Tank Sanctuary (கட்டுக்கரை குளம் சரணாலயம் Kaṭṭukkarai Kuḷam Caraṇālayam) is a wildlife sanctuary in northern Sri Lanka, approximately south east of Mannar.

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History of Sri Lanka

The earliest human remains found on the island of Sri Lanka date to about 35,000 years ago (Balangoda Man).

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History of the Jaffna Kingdom

When to date the start of the history of the Jaffna kingdom is debated among historians.

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House of Siri Sanga Bo

House of Siri Sanga Bo was a powerful dynasty which ruled parts of Sri Lanka from Vijayabahu III of Dambadeniya (1220–1224) until Rajasinha I of Sitawaka (1581–1591).

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House of Vijaya

The House of Vijaya (also known as the Vijayan dynasty and sometimes referred to as the "Great Dynasty") was the first recorded Sinhalese royal dynasty that ruled over the island, Sri Lanka.

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Ida Carmelitta

Ida Carmelitta or Farheen Ida Carmelitta Laila Figerardo was a minority Sri Lankan Tamil woman who was gang raped and killed on 12 July 1999 and became a cause célèbre of the Sri Lankan civil war.

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Index of Sri Lanka-related articles

The following is an alphabetical list of topics related to Sri Lanka.

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Index of Sri Lanka-related articles (M)

This page lists Sri Lanka-related articles with titles beginning with an alphabet letter M.

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Indian Tamils of Sri Lanka

Indian Tamils of Sri Lanka are Tamil people of Indian origin in Sri Lanka.

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Internally displaced persons in Sri Lanka

The final stages of the Sri Lankan Civil War created 300,000 internally displaced persons (IDPs) who were transferred to camps in Vavuniya District and detained there against their will.

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Islam in Sri Lanka

Islam is a minority religion in Sri Lanka.

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Jacob de Jong

Jacob de Jong was an acting Governor of Zeylan during the Dutch period in Ceylon.

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Jaffna Airport

Jaffna Airport (translit; translit) is an air force base and domestic airport in Palaly in northern Sri Lanka.

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Jaffna Kingdom

The Jaffna Kingdom (யாழ்ப்பாண அரசு) (1215–1624 CE), also known as Kingdom of Aryacakravarti, of modern northern Sri Lanka was a historic monarchy that came into existence around the town of Jaffna on the Jaffna peninsula traditionally thought to be established after the invasion of Magha, who is credited with the founding of the Jaffna kingdom and is said to have been from Kalinga, in India.

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John Evans, 5th Baron Carbery

John Evans, 5th Baron Carbery (1738 – 4 March 1807), known until 1804 as Hon.

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Joseph Vaz

Joseph Vaz, CO, (Konkani: Sant Zuze Vaz; Portuguese: São José Vaz; புனித யோசப் வாஸ் Punidha Yosap Vaz; ශාන්ත ජුසේ වාස් මුනිතුමා, ලංකා අපොස්තුළුවරයා Santha Juse Vaz Piyathuma, Lanka Aposthuluvaraya), (21 April 165116 January 1711) was an Oratorian priest and missionary in Sri Lanka, then known as Ceylon.

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Kandyan commerce raiding against Portugal (1612–13)

The Kandyan naval raid was a series of commerce raidings by the Kingdom of Kandy against the Portuguese empire from 16 May 1612 to 6 March 1613.

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Kankesanthurai

Kankesanthurai or KKS, is a port suburb, fishing division and resort hub of the Jaffna District, Northern Province, Sri Lanka.

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Ketheeswaram temple

No description.

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Kingdom of Tambapanni

The Kingdom of Tambapanni, also referred to as Kingdom of Thambapanni, was the first kingdom in ancient Sri Lanka and the Kingdom of Rajarata.

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Kingdom of Upatissa Nuwara

The Kingdom of Upatissa Nuwara (sometimes referred to as Vijitapura) was the second administrative center in ancient Sri Lanka.

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Koneswaram temple

Koneswaram temple (திருக்கோணேச்சரம் Tirukkōṇēccaram, also known as Dakshinakailasha (தென்கயிலை, Těņkayilai, litt. Southern Kailasa) is a classical-medieval Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Shiva in Trincomalee, Eastern Sri Lanka. The temple is situated atop Konesar Malai, a promontory that overlooks the Indian Ocean, the nearby eastern coast (the Trincomalee District), as well as Trincomalee Harbour or Gokarna Bay. Konesvaram is revered as one the Pancha Ishwarams, of Sri Lanka for long time. Being a major place for Hindu pilgrimage, it was labelled "Rome of the Gentiles/Pagans of the Orient" in some records. Konesvaram holds a significant role in the religious and cultural history of Sri Lanka, as it was likely built during the reign of the early Cholas and the Five Dravidians of the Early Pandyan Kingdom. Pallava, Chola, Pandyan and Jaffna designs here reflect a continuous Tamil Saivite influence in the Vannimai region beginning during the classical period. The river Mahavali is believed to be risen at Sivanolipatha Malai, footer_align.

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Kudiramalai

Kudiramalai is a cape and ancient port town on the west coast of Sri Lanka.

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Lankapura Dandanatha

Lankapura Dandanatha, more commonly referred to as simply Lankapura, was a Senapathi (General) of the army of ancient Sri Lanka during the reign of King Parakramabahu I. He led an expeditionary force to South India in support of the Pandyan king, bringing parts of South India under their control.

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Lasallian educational institutions

Lasallian educational institutions are educational institutions affiliated with the De La Salle Brothers, a Roman Catholic religious teaching order founded by French Priest Saint Jean-Baptiste de La Salle, who was canonized in 1900 and proclaimed by the Vatican in 1950 as patron saint of all teachers.

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Lessons Learnt and Reconciliation Commission

The Lessons Learnt and Reconciliation Commission (LLRC, උගත් පාඩම් හා ප්‍රතිසන්ධාන කොමිෂන් සභාව Ugath Padam Ha Prathisandhana Komishan Sabhava), கற்றுக்கொண்ட பாடங்கள் மற்றும் நல்லிணக்க ஆணைக்குழு) was a commission of inquiry appointed by Sri Lankan President Mahinda Rajapaksa in May 2010 after the 26-year-long civil war in Sri Lanka. The commission was mandated to investigate the facts and circumstances which led to the failure of the ceasefire agreement made operational on 27 February 2002, the lessons that should be learnt from those events and the institutional, administrative and legislative measures which need to be taken in order to prevent any recurrence of such concerns in the future, and to promote further national unity and reconciliation among all communities. After an 18-month inquiry, the commission submitted its report to the President on 15 November 2011. The report was made public on 16 December 2011, after being tabled in the parliament. The commission concluded that the Sri Lankan military didn't deliberately target civilians but the rebel Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) repeatedly violated international humanitarian law. According to the commission the military gave the "highest priority" to protecting civilians whereas the Tamil Tigers had had "no respect for human life". The commission admitted that civilians had been killed by the Sri Lankan military, albeit accidentally, contradicting the government's line that there were zero civilian casualties. The commission did, however, receive some eyewitness evidence alleging abuse by the military which warranted further investigation and, if necessary, the prosecution of perpetrators. The commission acknowledged that hospitals had been shelled, resulting "considerable civilian casualties", but it did not say who was responsible for the shelling. The commission blamed Sinhalese and Tamil politicians for causing the civil war: the Sinhalese politicians failed to offer a solution acceptable to the Tamil people and the Tamil politicians fanned militant separatism. The commission has been heavily criticised by international human rights groups, the UN Panel of Experts and others due its limited mandate, alleged lack of independence and its failure to meet minimum international standards or offer protection to witnesses. These critics believed that the Sri Lankan government was using the commission as a tool to prevent an independent international investigation of alleged abuses. As a consequence of this Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch and the International Crisis Group refused to appear before the commission.

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Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam

The Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (translit, translit, commonly known as the LTTE or the Tamil Tigers) was a Tamil militant organization that was based in northeastern Sri Lanka.

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List of A-Grade highways in Sri Lanka

This is a list of A-grade highways in Sri Lanka sorted by route number.

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List of aircraft accidents and incidents resulting in at least 50 fatalities

This article lists aircraft accidents and incidents which resulted in at least 50 fatalities in a single occurrence involving commercial passenger and cargo flights, military passenger and cargo flights, or general aviation flights that have been involved in a ground or mid-air collision with either a commercial or military passenger or cargo flight.

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List of assassinations of the Sri Lankan Civil War

During the Sri Lankan Civil War militant groups, paramilitary groups and government security forces were accused of assassinating many public figures on suspicion of being sympathizers or informants, in retaliation for killings and attacks, to eliminate competition from rival groups, or to stifle dissent.

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List of attacks attributed to the LTTE, 1980s

The following is a list of chronological attacks attributed to the LTTE in 1980s during the Sri Lankan Civil War.

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List of beaches in Sri Lanka

The following is a list of beaches in Sri Lanka, an island nation south of India in the Indian Ocean.

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List of bridges in Sri Lanka

This is a list of bridges in Sri Lanka.

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List of current Sri Lanka Army formations

The professional head of the army is the Commander of the Army, at present Lieutenant General Jagath Jayasuriya.

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List of Portuguese colonial forts

This article will list all fortifications that were built, or ordered to be built by the Portuguese throughout the globe.

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List of railway stations in Sri Lanka

List of railway stations in Sri Lanka include.

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List of railway stations in Sri Lanka by line

No description.

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List of schools in Northern Province, Sri Lanka

The following is a list of schools in Northern Province, Sri Lanka.

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List of settlements in Northern Province, Sri Lanka

The following is a list of settlements in Northern Province, Sri Lanka.

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List of shipwrecks in 1994

The list of shipwrecks in 1994 includes all ships sunk, foundered, grounded, or otherwise lost during 1994.

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List of towns in Sri Lanka

The following is a list of settlements in Sri Lanka with a population between 5,000 and 50,000.

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M. H. Gunaratne

Brigadier M. H. Gunaratne, VSV, psc, SLAC (1930 -) was a Sri Lankan military officer, former Commander Security Forces Headquarters - East (SF HQ (E)), Commander, Task Force I and Task Force III and Commandant, Army Training Centre Educated at St Peter's College, Colombo, Royal College, Colombo and graduated from the University of Ceylon.

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M. Sivasithamparam

Murugesu Sivasithamparam (20 July 1923 – 5 June 2002) was a leading Sri Lankan Tamil politician, Member of Parliament and Deputy Speaker.

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Madhu Road National Park

Madhu Road National Park (மடு றோட் தேசிய பூங்கா Maṭu Ṟōṭ Tēciya Pūṅkā) is a national park in northern Sri Lanka, approximately east of Mannar.

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Madhu school bus bombing

The Madhu School bus bombing was the bombing of a school bus carried out on January 29, 2008 in Mannar, Northern province of Sri Lanka.

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Malvathu River

The Malvathu River (මල්වතු ඔය Malvathu Oya, அருவி ஆறு Aruvi Aru) is a long river in Sri Lanka, connecting the city of Anuradhapura, which was the capital of the country for over 15 centuries, to the coast of Mannar.

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Mannar

Mannar may refer to the following places.

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Mannar Bridge

Mannar Bridge is a road bridge in north-western Sri Lanka.

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Mannar District

Mannar District (மன்னார் மாவட்டம் Maṉṉār Māvaṭṭam; මන්නාරම දිස්ත්‍රික්කය) is one of the 25 districts of Sri Lanka, the second level administrative division of the country.

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Mannar Divisional Council

Mannar Divisional Council (மன்னார் பிரதேச சபை Maṉṉār Piratēca Capai; MDC) is the local authority for Mannar DS Division in northern Sri Lanka, except for the town of Mannar which has its own local authority.

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Mannar Electoral District

Mannar Electoral District was an electoral district of Sri Lanka between August 1947 and February 1989.

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Mannar fort

Mannar Fort (translit; මන්නාරම් බලකොටුව Mannaram Balakotuwa) is located on Mannar Island, Sri Lanka.

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Mannar Hospital

Mannar Hospital is a government hospital in Mannar, Sri Lanka.

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Mannar Island

Mannar Island (மன்னார் தீவு; මන්නාරම් දූපත) formerly spelt Manar Island, is part of Mannar District, Sri Lanka.

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Mannar mass grave

The Mannar mass grave is located in Mannar, Sri Lanka.

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Mannar massacre

Mannar massacre may refer to.

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Mannar Urban Council

Mannar Urban Council (மன்னார் நகர சபை Maṉṉār Nakara Capai; MUC) is the local authority for the town of Mannar in north-western Sri Lanka.

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Manthai

Manthai (மாந்தை) is a coastal town and an ancient harbor situated in the Mannar district, of the Northern Province of Sri Lanka.

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Mary Bastian

Father Mary Bastian (1948 – 6 January 1985) was a minority Tamil Human Rights activist and local Roman Catholic parish priest from Sri Lanka.

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Medawachchiya

Medawachchiya is a town in the Anuradhapura District, North Central Province of Sri Lanka.

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Muhamalai Forward Defence Line

The Muhamalai Forward Defence Line was the Army Defence Line separating the Sri Lankan Army and LTTE militia in North Central Kilinochchi from South Central Jaffna.

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Munneswaram temple

Munneswaram temple (මුන්නේශ්වරම් කෝවිල, முன்னேசுவரம் கோயில்) is an important regional Hindu temple complex in Sri Lanka.

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Naga people (Lanka)

The Naga people were believed to be an ancient tribe who once inhabited Sri Lanka.

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Nicholas Pillai Pakiaranjith

Father Nicholas Pillai Pakiaranjith was a minority Sri Lankan Tamil, Roman Catholic parish priest and aid worker.

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Nissanka Wijeyeratne

Deshamanya Nissanka Parakrama Wijeyeratne (නිශ්ශංක පරාක්‍රම විජයරත්න.) (14 June 1924 – 7 January 2007), known as Nissanka Wijeyeratne, was a Sri Lankan politician, civil servant, diplomat and English language poet.

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Northern line (Sri Lanka)

The northern line is a railway line in Sri Lanka.

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Northern Province, Sri Lanka

The Northern Province (வட மாகாணம் Vaṭa Mākāṇam; උතුරු පළාත Uturu Paḷāta) is one of the nine provinces of Sri Lanka, the first level administrative division of the country.

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Northern Theater of Eelam War IV

The Northern Theater of Eelam War IV refers to the fighting that took place in the northern province of Sri Lanka between July 2006 and May 18, 2009.

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Open University of Sri Lanka

"The Open University of Sri Lanka" (OUSL) (ශ්‍රී ලංකා විවෘත විශ්ව විද්‍යාලය, இலங்கை திறந்த பல்கலைக்கழகம்) is a national university in Sri Lanka.

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Operation Eagle (Sri Lanka)

Operation Eagle was a Sri Lanka Air Force operation to resupply and rescue critically wounded service personal from the old Dutch Fort of Jaffna held by the Sri Lanka Army and besieged by the LTTE on July 3, 1990.

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Operation Trishul

Operation Trishul (त्रिशूल Triśūla, lit. "Operation Trishul"), along with Operation Viraat, was an anti-insurgency operation launched by the IPKF against the LTTE in April 1988 in Northern Sri Lanka, in the provinces of Maannar to Mullaitivu and Elephant Pass to Vavuniya.

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Operation Viraat

Operation Viraat (विराट Virāṭa, lit. "Operation Giant"), along with Operation Trishul, was an anti-insurgency operation launched by the IPKF against the LTTE in April 1988 in Northern Sri Lanka, in the provinces of Mannar to Mullaitivu and Elephant Pass to Vavuniya.

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Pandara Vanniyan

Pandara Vanniyan (lit) was a Tamil Vanniar king who ruled in Vanni Nadu in 18th century AD.

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Parakramabahu I

Parākramabāhu I (Pali Mahā Parākaramabāhu 1123–1186) was king of the Kingdom of Polonnaruwa from 1153-86.

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Parakramabahu VI of Kotte

Parâkramabâhu VI (1410/1412/1415–1467) was a king in the Sri Lankan kingdom of Kotte.

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Persecution of Muslims

Persecution of Muslims is the religious persecution inflicted upon followers of Islamic faith.

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Philippus Baldaeus

Philips Baelde or Father Philippus Baldaeus, (baptized on 24 October 1632, Delft – 1671, Geervliet) was a Dutch minister.

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Portuguese conquest of the Jaffna kingdom

The Portuguese conquest of the Jaffna kingdom occurred after Portuguese traders arrived at the rival Kotte Kingdom in the southwest of modern Sri Lanka in 1505.

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Portuguese invasion of Jaffna kingdom (1560)

The Portuguese invasion of Jaffna kingdom in 1560 AD was the first expedition against the Jaffna kingdom by the Portuguese Empire.

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Portuguese invasion of Jaffna kingdom (1591)

Portuguese invasion of Jaffna kingdom in 1591 AD was the second expedition against the Jaffna kingdom by the Portuguese.

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Postal codes in Sri Lanka

Postal codes in Sri Lanka are five digit numbers used by Sri Lanka Post to sort mail more efficiently.

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Rail transport in Sri Lanka

Rail transport in Sri Lanka is an intercity network connecting major population centres and commuter rail serving Colombo commuters.

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Rajarata

Rajarata (Sinhala: රජරට) (Tamil: ரஜரட) was one of three historical regions of the island of Sri Lanka for about 1,700 years from the 6th century BCE to the early 13th century CE.

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Rajasinha I of Sitawaka

Rajasinghe I (Sinhala:පළමුවන රාජසිංහ) was a king of the Kingdom of Sitawaka.

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Roman Catholic Diocese of Jaffna

The Diocese of Jaffna (Dioecesis Jaffnensis) is a Roman Catholic diocese for northern Sri Lanka, that dates back as far as the time of St. Francis Xavier.

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Roman Catholic Diocese of Mannar

The Diocese of Mannar (Dioecesis Mannarensis) is a Roman Catholic diocese for north-western Sri Lanka, administered by the Bishop of Mannar, currently Fidelis Fernando.

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Rudra Rajasingham

Rudra Srichandra Rajasingham (2 April 1926 – 24 March 2006) was a Sri Lankan police officer and diplomat.

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S. A. Tharmalingam

Sanmugam Appacuddy Tharmalingam (translit; born 23 March 1908, date of death unknown) was a Sri Lankan Tamil physician, politician and Mayor of Jaffna.

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Sarath Fonseka

Field Marshal Gardihewa Sarath Chandralal Fonseka, RWP, RSP, VSV, USP, MP, rcds, psc (ගර්දිහේවා සරත් චන්ද්‍රලාල් ෆොන්සේකා, சரத் பொன்சேகா; born 18 December 1950), commonly known as Sarath Fonseka, is a Sri Lankan politician and senior military officer, being the first Sri Lankan Army officer to be promoted to the rank of Field Marshal.

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Sarath Munasinghe

Major General Sarath Munasinghe, RWP, RSP, USP, ndc, psc, SLA was a Sri Lankan General and a politician.

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Selvam Adaikalanathan

Amirthanathan Adaikalanathan (அமிர்தநாதன் அடைக்கலநாதன்; born 10 June 1962; commonly known as Selvam Adaikalanathan) is a Sri Lankan Tamil militant turned politician and Member of Parliament.

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Shakthi FM

Shakthi FM is a Sri Lankan Tamil language channel available on air.

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Shankar (Tamil militant)

Vaithilingam Sornalingam (September 1949 – 26 September 2001; வைத்தியலிங்கம் சொர்ணலிங்கம், alternative spellings include Vythilingam Sornalingam; often referred to by his nom de guerre Colonel Shankar) was founder of the air wing and marine division of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam and a relative of Velupillai Prabhakaran.

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Shiva Temples of Tamil Nadu

Lord Shiva has innumerable temples dedicated to him throughout the length and breadth of India.

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Siege of Kotte (1557–58)

The Siege of Kotte from November 1557 – November 1558 was a battle part of the Sinhalese–Portuguese War.

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Sinhalese monarchy

The Sinhalese monarchy has its origins in the settlement of North Indian Indo-Aryan immigrants to the island of Sri Lanka.

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Sinhalese people

The Sinhalese (Sinhala: සිංහල ජාතිය Sinhala Jathiya, also known as Hela) are an Indo-Aryan-speaking ethnic group native to the island of Sri Lanka.

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Sithivinayagar Hindu College

Sithivinayagar Hindu College is a national school in Mannar, Sri Lanka.

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SLNS Sagarawardena

SLNS Sagarawardena (P-602) (Sagarawardena, in Sinhalese: Sea advancer) was an Offshore Patrol Vessel (OPV) of the Sri Lanka Navy.

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Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka (Sinhala: ශ්‍රී ලංකා; Tamil: இலங்கை Ilaṅkai), officially the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, is an island country in South Asia, located in the Indian Ocean to the southwest of the Bay of Bengal and to the southeast of the Arabian Sea.

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Sri Lanka Army

The Sri Lankan Army (Śrī Laṃkā yuddha hamudāva; Ilankai iraṇuvam) is the oldest and largest of the Sri Lanka Armed Forces and is the nation's army.

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Sri Lanka Railways

The Sri Lanka Railway Department (more commonly known as Sri Lanka Railways (SLR)) (Sinhala: ශ්‍රී ලංකා දුම්රිය සේවය Śrī Laṃkā Dumriya Sēvaya; Tamil: இலங்கை புகையிரத சேவைகள்) is Sri Lanka's railway owner and primary operator.

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Sri Lankan Portuguese creole

Sri Lanka Indo-Portuguese, Ceylonese Portuguese Creole or Sri Lankan Portuguese Creole (SLPC) is a language spoken in Sri Lanka.

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Sri Lankan Tamil Dramas

After the independence of Sri Lanka in 1948, Sri Lankan Tamil dramas started to develop in Tamil populated areas and in Colombo.

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St. Sebastian's Cathedral, Mannar

St.

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St. Xavier's Boys' College

St.

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St. Xavier's Girls' College

St.

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Suicide bombings in Sri Lanka

Suicide Bombing was a popular tactic of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam.

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Talaimannar

Talaimannar (தலைமன்னார்; තලෙයිමන්නාරම) is a settlement in Sri Lanka located on the northwestern coast of Mannar Island.

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Tamil population by cities

This is a list of Tamil population per city.

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Telephone numbers in Sri Lanka

No description.

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Tenavaram temple

Tenavaram temple (தென்னாவரம் கோயில்) (historically known as the Tenavaram Kovil, Tevanthurai Kovil or Naga-Risa Nila Kovil) was a historic Hindu temple complex situated in the port town Tenavaram, Tevanthurai (or Dondra Head), Matara) near Galle, Southern Province, Sri Lanka.(see) Its primary deity was a Hindu god Tenavarai Nayanar (Upulvan) and at its zenith was one of the most celebrated Hindu temple complexes of the island, containing eight major kovil shrines to a thousand deity statues of stone and bronze and two major shrines to Vishnu and Shiva. Administration and maintenance was conducted by residing Hindu Tamil merchants during Tenavaram's time as a popular pilgrimage destination and famed emporium employing over five hundred devadasis. The complex, bordered by a large quadrangle cloister, was a collection of several historic Hindu Kovil shrines, with its principle shrine designed in the Kerala and Pallava style of Dravidian architecture. The central temple dedicated to Vishnu (Tenavarai Nayanar) known as Upulvan to the Sinhalese was the most prestigious and biggest, popular amongst its large Tamil population, pilgrims and benefactors of other faiths such as Buddhism, kings and artisans. The other shrines that made up the Kovil Vatta were dedicated to Ganesh, Murukan, Kannagi and Shiva, widely exalted examples of stonework construction of the Dravidian style. The Shiva shrine is venerated as the southernmost of the ancient Pancha Ishwarams of Lord Shiva (called Tondeswaram), built at coastal points around the circumference of the island in the classical period. Tenavaram temple owned the entire property and land of the town and the surrounding villages, ownership of which was affirmed through several royal grants in the early medieval period. Its keepers lived along streets of its ancient agraharam within the complex. Due to patronage by various royal dynasties and pilgrims across Asia, it became one of the most important surviving buildings of the classical Dravidian architectural period by the late 16th century. The temple compound was destroyed by Portuguese colonial Thome de Sousa d'Arronches, who devastated the entire southern coast. The property was then handed over to Catholics. Tenavaram's splendor and prominence ranked it in stature alongside the other famous Pallava-developed medieval Hindu temple complex in the region, Koneswaram of Trincomalee. Excavations at the complex mandapam's partially buried ruins of granite pillars, stairs and slab stonework over the entire town have led to numerous findings. Reflecting the high points of Pallava artistic influence and contributions to the south of the island are the temple's 5th- to 7th-century statues of Ganesh, the Lingam, sculpture of Nandi and the Vishnu shrine's 10th-century Makara Thoranam (stone gateway), the frame and lintel of which include small guardians, a lustrated Lakshmi, dancers, musicians, ganas, and yali-riders. Tenavaram temple was built on vaulted arches on the promontory overlooking the Indian Ocean. The central gopuram tower of the vimana and the other gopura towers that dominated the town were covered with plates of gilded brass, gold and copper on their roofs. Its outer body featured intricately carved domes, with elaborate arches and gates opening to various verandas and shrines of the complex, giving Tenavaram the appearance of a golden city to sailors who visited the port to trade and relied on its light reflecting gopura roofs for navigational purposes.

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Tissanayagam family

The Tissanayagam family, sometimes also spelled Tissainayagam, is a Jaffna Tamil family descended from Tissanayaka Mudali of Mannanpulam Mathakal.

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Transport in Sri Lanka

Transport in Sri Lanka is based on its road network, which is centred on the country's capital Colombo.

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Treaty of Batticaloa

The Treaty of Batticaloa (or the Hanguranketha Treaty) was signed on 14 February 1766 between Dutch Ceylon governor Wilhelm Falk and King Keerthisiri Rajasinghe of Kandy.

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Trincomalee

Trincomalee (திருகோணமலை Tirukōṇamalai; ත්‍රිකුණාමළය Trikuṇāmalaya) also known as Gokanna, is the administrative headquarters of the Trincomalee District and major resort port city of Eastern Province, Sri Lanka.

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Urban councils of Sri Lanka

There are 41 Urban councils in Sri Lanka, which are the legislative bodies that preside over the second tier municipalities in the country.

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V. A. Alegacone

Virasipillai Albert Alegacone (விராசிப்பிள்ளை அல்பர்ட் அழகக்கோன்; 19 March 1903 – 25 November 1973) was a Ceylon Tamil lawyer, politician and Member of Parliament.

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V. M. Panchalingam

V.

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V. S. Thurairajah

Velupillai Suppiah Thurairajah (translit; 8 August 1927 – 14 December 2011) was a Sri Lankan Tamil architect who designed many buildings in Sri Lanka and abroad.

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Vanni Nadu

The Vanni Nadu were feudal land divisions ruled by chiefs south of the Jaffna peninsula in northern Sri Lanka.

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Wilpattu National Park

Wilpattu National Park (Willu-pattu; Land of Lakes) is a park located on the island of Sri Lanka.

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1964 Rameswaram cyclone

The 1964 Rameswaram cyclone (also known as the Dhanushkodi cyclone) was regarded as one of the most powerful storms to ever strike Sri Lanka (known then as Ceylon) on record.

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1984

No description.

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1984 Mannar massacre

The 1984 Mannar massacre was the killing of 200+ minority Sri Lankan Tamils civilians by Sri Lankan Army soldiers in the town of Mannar, north-western Sri Lanka, on December 4, 1984.

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1998 in aviation

This is a list of aviation-related events from 1998.

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1st State Council of Ceylon

The 1st State Council of Ceylon was a meeting of the State Council of Ceylon, with the membership determined by the results of the 1931 state council election held between 13 and 20 June 1931.

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2008–09 Sri Lankan Army Northern offensive

The 2008–2009 SLA Northern offensive was an armed conflict in the northern Province of Sri Lanka between the military of Sri Lanka and the separatist Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE).

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2009 suicide air raid on Colombo

The 2009 suicide air raid on Colombo was an unsuccessful kamikaze-style suicide attack launched by the air wing of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam on February 20, 2009, targeting military locations in and around Colombo, Sri Lanka.

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2012 in Sri Lanka

Events from the year 2012 in Sri Lanka.

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2016 in Sri Lanka

The following lists notable events that occurred during 2016 in Sri Lanka.

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2016 Sri Lankan floods

Beginning on 14 May 2016, a low pressure area over the Bay of Bengal caused torrential rain to fall across Sri Lanka, causing floods and landslides which affected half a million people.

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57 Division (Sri Lanka)

The 57 Division is a newly formed infantry division of the Sri Lanka Army.

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Redirects here:

Mannārama, Maṉṉār.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mannar,_Sri_Lanka

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