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Mikhail Botvinnik

Index Mikhail Botvinnik

Mikhail Moiseyevich Botvinnik (Михаи́л Моисе́евич Ботви́нник,; – May 5, 1995) was a Soviet and Russian International Grandmaster and World Chess Champion for most of 1948 to 1963. [1]

250 relations: Abram Khavin, Abram Model, Abram Zamikhovsky, Alan Kotok, Alekhine Memorial, Alexander Alekhine, Alexander Areshchenko, Alexander Ilyin-Genevsky, Alexander Koblencs, Alexander Konstantinopolsky, Alexander Kotov, Alexander Kronrod, Alexander Tolush, Alexander Tsvetkov, Amsterdam 1956 chess tournament, Anatoly Karpov, Andor Lilienthal, András Adorján, Andrew Soltis, Armenians in Georgia, Arnold Denker, Arturo Pomar, August 17, August 1911, AVRO 1938 chess tournament, Čeněk Kottnauer, Basic Chess Endings, Bent Larsen, Bernard Cafferty, Blindfold chess, Bobby Fischer, Boris Spassky, Boris Verlinsky, Borislav Ivkov, Botvinnik, Botvinnik versus Capablanca, AVRO 1938, Burials at the Novodevichy Cemetery, Candidates Tournament, Carlos Guimard, Caro–Kann Defence, Chess, Chess endgame, Chess in Armenia, Chess opening, Chess theory, Chessmaster, Chigorin Memorial, Comparison of top chess players throughout history, Computer chess, Conel Hugh O'Donel Alexander, ..., Cross-check, Daniel Yanofsky, David Bronstein, Development of the World Chess Championship, Dragoljub Janošević, Draw by agreement, Dutch Defence, Efim Geller, Egon Varnusz, Emanuel Lasker, Encyclopaedia of Chess Openings, English Opening, Erik Lundin, European Team Chess Championship, Exchange variation, Fast chess, Fedir Bohatyrchuk, Fedor Duz-Khotimirsky, FIDE, FIDE titles, First-move advantage in chess, Fortress (chess), French Defence, Gambit, Gambit (novel), Garry Kasparov, Géza Maróczy, Gösta Stoltz, Georgy Lisitsin, Gioachino Greco, Grandmaster (chess), Grigory Levenfish, Groningen 1946 chess tournament, Harry Golombek, Hastings International Chess Congress, History of chess, Howard Staunton, Howard Staunton Memorial Tournament, IBM international chess tournament, Igor Bondarevsky, Ilya Kan, Ilya Rabinovich, International Arbiter, International Judge of Chess Compositions, Interregnum, Interregnum of World Chess Champions, Interzonal, Iosif Rudakovsky, Isaac Boleslavsky, Isaak Mazel, Jón Loftur Árnason, John Littlewood (chess player), José Raúl Capablanca, King's Indian Defence, King's Indian Defence, Sämisch Variation, Konstantin Vygodchikov, Kotok-McCarthy, Lajos Portisch, Lawrence Day, László Szabó (chess player), Leningrad City Chess Championship, Leonid Stein, Lev Aronin, Levente Lengyel, List of atheists (miscellaneous), List of chess books (A–F), List of chess books (M–S), List of chess games between Kasparov and Kramnik, List of chess openings named after people, List of chess players, List of computer scientists, List of electrical engineers, List of Honoured Masters of Sport of the USSR in chess, List of Jewish atheists and agnostics, List of Jewish chess players, List of Jews born in the Russian Empire and the Soviet Union, List of people on the postage stamps of Tajikistan, List of Russian chess players, List of Russian electrical engineers, List of Russian people, List of Russian sportspeople, List of strong chess tournaments, List of World Chess Championships, List of world records in chess, March 1961, Mark Taimanov, Max Euwe, May 1963, May 5, Miguel Najdorf, Mikhail Tal, Mikhail Yudovich, Milan Matulović, Modern Benoni, Monte Carlo chess tournament, Morphy number, Moscow 1935 chess tournament, Moscow City Chess Championship, My 60 Memorable Games, My Great Predecessors, Nigel Short, Nikolai Grigoriev, Nikolai Kopilov, Nikolai Riumin, Nikolai Zubarev, Nimzo-Indian Defence, Nottingham 1936 chess tournament, Oscar Panno, Outline of chess, Paul Keres, Pawnless chess endgame, Petar Trifunović, Peter Romanovsky, Peter Svidler, Piatigorsky Cup, Poisoned Pawn Variation, Queen and pawn versus queen endgame, Queen's Gambit Accepted, Queen's Gambit Declined, Repino, Saint Petersburg, Reuben Fine, Russia (USSR) vs Rest of the World, Salo Flohr, Salzburg 1942 chess tournament, Samuel Reshevsky, Sargon (chess), School of chess, Semi-Closed Game, Semi-Slav Defense, Semyon Furman, Sergei Prokofiev, Sergey von Freymann, Simultaneous exhibition, Sir George Thomas, 7th Baronet, Slav Defense, Solomon Gotthilf, Soviet Chess School, Sport in Russia, Svetozar Gligorić, Tarrasch rule, Tata Steel Chess Tournament, Theodore Tylor, Tigran Petrosian, Timeline of chess, USA vs. USSR radio chess match 1945, USSR Chess Championship, USSR Chess Federation, Vasily Smyslov, Viacheslav Ragozin, Victor Ciocâltea, Viktor Korchnoi, Viswanathan Anand, Vladimir Alatortsev, Vladimir Arlazarov, Vladimir Kramnik, Vladimir Makogonov, Vladimir Simagin, Vsevolod Rauzer, William Lombardy, World Chess Championship, World Chess Championship 1948, World Chess Championship 1951, World Chess Championship 1954, World Chess Championship 1957, World Chess Championship 1958, World Chess Championship 1960, World Chess Championship 1961, World Chess Championship 1963, World Chess Championship 1966, World Chess Championship 1972, World Chess Hall of Fame, Wrong bishop, X-ray (chess), Zurich 1953 chess tournament, 11th Chess Olympiad, 12th Chess Olympiad, 13th Chess Olympiad, 14th Chess Olympiad, 15th Chess Olympiad, 16th Chess Olympiad, 1911, 1933 in chess, 1939 in chess, 1940 in chess, 1941 in chess, 1943 in chess, 1944 in chess, 1945 in chess, 1962 in chess, 1969 in chess, 1970 in chess, 1971 in chess, 1972 in chess, 1973 in chess, 1974 in chess, 1976 in chess, 1995, 1995 in chess, 1995 in Russia, 2006 in chess. Expand index (200 more) »

Abram Khavin

Abram Leonidovich Khavin (1914 – January 19, 1974, Kiev) was a Ukrainian chess master.

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Abram Model

Abram Yakovlevich Model (Абрам Яковлевич Моде́ль; 23 October 1896, Daugavpils – 16 February 1976, Leningrad) was a Russian chess master, although he had his master title taken away by the Soviet chess authorities due to lack of results.

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Abram Zamikhovsky

Abram Davidovich Zamikhovsky (Zamikhovski) (Абрам Давидови Замиховский; 5 January 1908–1978) was a Ukrainian chess master and former national champion.

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Alan Kotok

Alan Kotok (November 9, 1941 – May 26, 2006) was an American computer scientist known for his work at Digital Equipment Corporation (Digital, or DEC) and at the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C).

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Alekhine Memorial

The Alekhine Memorial was a recurring chess tournament, organized in different cities and irregular intervals, honoring the former world chess champion Alexander Alekhine.

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Alexander Alekhine

Alexander Alekhine (Алекса́ндр Алекса́ндрович Але́хин, Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Alekhin;; March 24, 1946) was a Russian and French chess player and the fourth World Chess Champion.

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Alexander Areshchenko

Alexander Areshchenko (Олександр Арещенко, Oleksandr Areshenko; born June 15, 1986) is a Ukrainian chess grandmaster and Ukrainian champion in 2005.

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Alexander Ilyin-Genevsky

Alexander Fyodorovich Ilyin (Алекса́ндр Фёдорович Ильи́н-Жене́вский; November 28, 1894 – September 3, 1941), known with the party name Zhenevsky, "the Genevan" because he joined the Bolshevik group of Russian émigrés while exiled in that city, was a Soviet chess master and organizer, one of founders of the Soviet chess school, an Old-Guard Bolshevik cadre, a writer, a military organizer, a historian and a diplomat.

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Alexander Koblencs

Alexander Koblencs (Aleksandrs Koblencs, Александр Кобленц; 3 September 1916, Riga – 9 December 1993, Berlin) was a Latvian chess master, trainer, and writer.

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Alexander Konstantinopolsky

Alexander Markovich Konstantinopolsky (Александр Маркович Константинопольский; 19 February 1910, Zhytomir, Russian Empire, now Ukraine – 21 September 1990, Moscow, USSR) was a Soviet International Master (IM) of chess, chess coach and trainer, and a chess author.

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Alexander Kotov

Alexander Alexandrovich Kotov (Алекса́ндр Алекса́ндрович Ко́тов; – 8 January 1981) was a Soviet chess grandmaster and author.

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Alexander Kronrod

Aleksandr (Alexander) Semenovich Kronrod (Алекса́ндр Семёнович Кронро́д) (October 22, 1921 – October 6, 1986) was a Soviet mathematician and computer scientist, best known for the Gauss-Kronrod quadrature formula which he published in 1964.

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Alexander Tolush

Alexander Kazimirovich Tolush (1 May 1910 – 3 March 1969) was a Soviet chess grandmaster.

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Alexander Tsvetkov

Alexander (Alexandar) Kristov Tsvetkov (Cwetkow) (Александър Христов Цветков) (7 October 1914 in Topolovgrad, Bulgaria – 29 May 1990) was a Bulgarian chess master.

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Amsterdam 1956 chess tournament

Amsterdam 1956 was a chess tournament won by Vasily Smyslov.

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Anatoly Karpov

Anatoly Yevgenyevich Karpov (Анато́лий Евге́ньевич Ка́рпов; born May 23, 1951) is a Russian chess grandmaster and former World Champion.

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Andor Lilienthal

Andor (André, Andre, Andrei) Arnoldovich LilienthalReuben Fine, The World's Great Chess Games, Dover Publications, 1983, p. 216.

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András Adorján

András Adorján (born András Jocha, 31 March 1950, Budapest) is a Hungarian chess Grandmaster (1973) and author.

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Andrew Soltis

Andrew Eden Soltis (born May 28, 1947 in Hazleton, Pennsylvania) is an American chess grandmaster, author and columnist.

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Armenians in Georgia

Armenians in Georgia (Virahayer) are Armenian people living within the country of Georgia.

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Arnold Denker

Arnold Sheldon Denker (February 20, 1914 – January 2, 2005) was an American chess player, Grandmaster, and chess author.

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Arturo Pomar

Arturo Pomar Salamanca (1 September 1931 – 26 May 2016) was a Spanish chess player.

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August 17

No description.

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August 1911

The following events occurred in August 1911.

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AVRO 1938 chess tournament

The AVRO tournament was a famous chess tournament held in the Netherlands in 1938, sponsored by the Dutch broadcasting company AVRO.

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Čeněk Kottnauer

Čeněk Kottnauer (24 February 1910, Prague – 14 February 1996, London) was a Czech British chess master, earning the title of International Master.

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Basic Chess Endings

Basic Chess Endings (abbreviated BCE) is a book on chess endgames which was written by Grandmaster Reuben Fine and originally published on October 27, 1941.

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Bent Larsen

Jørgen Bent Larsen (4 March 19359 September 2010) was a Danish chess grandmaster and author.

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Bernard Cafferty

Bernard Cafferty (born 27 June 1934 in Blackburn, Lancashire) is an English chess master, columnist, writer, magazine editor and translator.

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Blindfold chess

Blindfold chess (also known as sans voir) is a form of chess play wherein the players do not see the positions of the pieces or touch them.

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Bobby Fischer

Robert James Fischer (March 9, 1943January 17, 2008) was an American chess grandmaster and the eleventh World Chess Champion.

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Boris Spassky

Boris Vasilievich Spassky (Бори́с Васи́льевич Спа́сский; born January 30, 1937) is a Russian chess grandmaster.

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Boris Verlinsky

Boris Markovich Verlinsky (8 January 1888 in Bakhmut, Ukraine – 30 October 1950 in Moscow, Soviet Union) was a Ukrainian-Russian International Master of chess.

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Borislav Ivkov

Borislav Ivkov (born November 12, 1933 in Belgrade) is a Serbian chess Grandmaster.

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Botvinnik

Botvinnik (Ботви́нник).

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Botvinnik versus Capablanca, AVRO 1938

In Rotterdam on 22 November 1938, then future World Chess Champion Mikhail Botvinnik (as white) defeated former World Champion José Raúl Capablanca in round 11 of the AVRO tournament in one of the most famous games in chess history.

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Burials at the Novodevichy Cemetery

No description.

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Candidates Tournament

The Candidates Tournament is a chess tournament organized by FIDE, chess' international governing body, since 1950, as the final contest to determine the challenger for the World Chess Championship.

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Carlos Guimard

Carlos Enrique Guimard (6 April 1913 – 11 September 1998) was an Argentine chess Grandmaster.

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Caro–Kann Defence

The Caro–Kann Defence is a chess opening characterised by the moves: The Caro–Kann is a common defence against the King's Pawn Opening and is classified as a "Semi-Open Game" like the Sicilian Defence and French Defence, although it is thought to be more solid and less dynamic than either of those openings.

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Chess

Chess is a two-player strategy board game played on a chessboard, a checkered gameboard with 64 squares arranged in an 8×8 grid.

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Chess endgame

In chess and chess-like games, the endgame (or end game or ending) is the stage of the game when few pieces are left on the board.

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Chess in Armenia

Chess has been played in Armenia since the early Middle Ages; however, it was institutionalized during the early Soviet period.

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Chess opening

A chess opening or simply an opening refers to the initial moves of a chess game.

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Chess theory

The game of chess is commonly divided into three phases: the opening, middlegame, and endgame.

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Chessmaster

Chessmaster is a chess-playing computer game series which is now owned and developed by Ubisoft.

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Chigorin Memorial

The Chigorin Memorial is a chess tournament played in honour of Mikhail Chigorin (1850–1908), founder of the Soviet Chess School and one of the leading players of his day.

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Comparison of top chess players throughout history

This article presents a number of methodologies that have been suggested for the task of comparing the greatest chess players in history.

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Computer chess

Computer chess is a game of computer architecture encompassing hardware and software capable of playing chess autonomously without human guidance.

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Conel Hugh O'Donel Alexander

Conel Hugh O'Donel Alexander (19 April 1909 – 15 February 1974), known as Hugh Alexander and C. H. O'D.

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Cross-check

In chess, a cross-check is a tactic in which a check is played in response to a check, especially when the original check is blocked by a piece that itself either delivers check or reveals a discovered check from another piece.

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Daniel Yanofsky

Daniel Abraham Yanofsky, (March 25, 1925 – March 5, 2000) was Canada's first chess grandmaster, an eight-time Canadian Chess Champion, a chess writer, a chess arbiter, and a lawyer.

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David Bronstein

David Ionovich Bronstein (Дави́д Ио́нович Бронште́йн; February 19, 1924 – December 5, 2006) was a Soviet chess grandmaster, who narrowly missed becoming World Chess Champion in 1951.

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Development of the World Chess Championship

The concept of a world chess champion started to emerge in the first half of the 19th century, and the phrase "world champion" appeared in 1845.

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Dragoljub Janošević

Dragoljub Janošević (Janosevic) (8 July 1923 – 20 May 1993) was a Yugoslav chess Grandmaster.

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Draw by agreement

In chess, a draw by (mutual) agreement is the outcome of a game due to the agreement of both players to a draw.

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Dutch Defence

The Dutch Defence is a chess opening characterised by the moves: Black's 1...f5 stakes a serious claim to the e4-square and envisions an attack in the middlegame on White's; however, it also weakens Black's kingside some (especially the e8–h5 diagonal) and contributes nothing to Black's development.

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Efim Geller

Efim Petrovich Geller (Ефим Петрович Геллер, Юхим Петрович Геллер; 8 March 1925 – 17 November 1998) was a Soviet chess player and world-class grandmaster at his peak.

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Egon Varnusz

Egon Varnusz (born Budapest, Hungary, November 15, 1933 - Budapest, June 26, 2008) was a Hungarian chess Master and writer.

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Emanuel Lasker

Emanuel Lasker (December 24, 1868 – January 11, 1941) was a German chess player, mathematician, and philosopher who was World Chess Champion for 27 years (from 1894 to 1921).

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Encyclopaedia of Chess Openings

The Encyclopedia of Chess Openings is a classification system for the opening moves in chess.

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English Opening

The English Opening is a chess opening that begins with the move: A flank opening, it is the fourth most popular and, according to various databases, anywhere from one of the two most successful to the fourth most successful of White's twenty possible first moves.

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Erik Lundin

Erik Ruben Lundin (Stockholm 2 July 1904, – Stockholm 5 December 1988) was a Swedish chess master.

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European Team Chess Championship

The European Team Championship (often abbreviated in texts and games databases as ETC) is an international team chess event, eligible for the participation of European nations whose chess federations are located in zones 1.1 to 1.9.

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Exchange variation

In chess, an exchange variation is a type of opening in which there is an early, voluntary exchange of pawns or pieces.

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Fast chess

Fast chess (also known as speed chess) is a variation of chess in which each side is given less time to make their moves than under normal tournament time controls.

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Fedir Bohatyrchuk

Fedir Parfenovych Bohatyrchuk (also Bogatirchuk, Bohatirchuk, Bogatyrtschuk) (in Ukrainian: Федір Парфенович Богатирчук, Fedir Parfenovych Bohatyrchuk; in Russian: Фёдор Парфеньевич Богатырчук, Fyodor Parfenyevich Bogatyrchuk) (27 November 1892 – 4 September 1984) was a Russian-Soviet-Ukrainian-Canadian International Master of chess, and an International Master of correspondence chess.

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Fedor Duz-Khotimirsky

Fedor (Fyodor) Ivanovich Duz–Khotimirsky (sometimes transliterated Chotimirski, Khotymirsky etc.; Фёдор Дуз-Хотимирский; 25 September 1881, Chernihiv or Moscow – 5 November 1965, Moscow) was a Russian chess master.

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FIDE

The Fédération Internationale des Échecs or World Chess Federation is an international organization that connects the various national chess federations around the world and acts as the governing body of international chess competition.

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FIDE titles

The World Chess Federation, FIDE (Fédération Internationale des Échecs), awards several performance-based titles to chess players, up to and including the highly prized Grandmaster title.

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First-move advantage in chess

The first-move advantage in chess is the inherent advantage of the player (White) who makes the first move in chess.

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Fortress (chess)

In chess, the fortress is an endgame drawing technique in which the side behind in sets up a zone of protection that the opponent cannot penetrate.

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French Defence

The French Defence is a chess opening characterised by the moves: This is most commonly followed by 2.d4 d5, with Black intending...c5 at a later stage, attacking White's and gaining on the.

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Gambit

A gambit (from ancient Italian gambetto, meaning "to trip") is a chess opening in which a player, more often White, sacrifices, usually a pawn, with the hope of achieving a resulting advantageous position.

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Gambit (novel)

Gambit is a Nero Wolfe detective novel by Rex Stout, first published by the Viking Press in 1962.

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Garry Kasparov

Garry Kimovich Kasparov (Га́рри Ки́мович Каспа́ров,; Armenian: Գարրի Կիմովիչ Կասպարով; born Garik Kimovich Weinstein, 13 April 1963) is a Russian chess grandmaster, former world chess champion, writer, and political activist, who many consider to be the greatest chess player of all time.

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Géza Maróczy

Géza Maróczy (3 March 1870 – 29 May 1951) was a Hungarian chess master, one of the leading players in the world in his time.

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Gösta Stoltz

Gösta Stoltz (May 9, 1904 – July 25, 1963) was a Swedish chess grandmaster.

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Georgy Lisitsin

Georgy Mikhailovich Lisitsin or Lisitsyn (Гео́ргий Миха́йлович Лиси́цын; 11 October 1909 – 20 March 1972) was a Russian chess master.

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Gioachino Greco

Gioacchino Greco (c. 1600 – c. 1634) was an Italian chess player and writer.

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Grandmaster (chess)

The title Grandmaster (GM) is awarded to chess players by the world chess organization FIDE.

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Grigory Levenfish

Grigory Yakovlevich Levenfish (Григо́рий Я́ковлевич Левенфи́ш; in Piotrków – 9 February 1961 in Moscow) was a Russian chess grandmaster who scored his peak competitive results in the 1920s and 1930s.

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Groningen 1946 chess tournament

Groningen 1946 was the first major international chess tournament to be held after World War II.

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Harry Golombek

Harry Golombek OBE (1 March 1911 – 7 January 1995), was a British chess grandmaster, chess arbiter, chess author, and wartime codebreaker.

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Hastings International Chess Congress

The Hastings International Chess Congress is an annual chess tournament which takes place in Hastings, England, around the turn of the year.

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History of chess

The history of chess can be traced back nearly 1500 years, although the earliest origins are uncertain.

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Howard Staunton

Howard Staunton (1810 – 22 June 1874) was an English chess master who is generally regarded as having been the world's strongest player from 1843 to 1851, largely as a result of his 1843 victory over Pierre Charles Fournier de Saint-Amant.

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Howard Staunton Memorial Tournament

The Howard Staunton Memorial Tournament was an annual chess tournament held between 2003 and 2009 in honour of the English chess player Howard Staunton (1810–1874).

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IBM international chess tournament

The IBM international chess tournament was a series of very strong chess tournaments held in the Amsterdam, The Netherlands from 1961 to 1981, and was sponsored by IBM.

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Igor Bondarevsky

Igor Zakharovich Bondarevsky (Игорь Захарович Бондаревский) (May 12, 1913 in Rostov-on-the-Don, Russia – June 14, 1979 in Pyatigorsk, Soviet Union) was a Soviet Russian chess Grandmaster in both over-the-board and correspondence chess, an International Arbiter, trainer, and chess author.

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Ilya Kan

Ilya Abramovich Kan (Илья Абрамович Кан; 4 May 1909, Samara – 12 December 1978), was a Russian / Soviet International Master (IM) of Chess.

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Ilya Rabinovich

Ilya (Elias) Leontievich Rabinovich (Rabinowitsch, Rabinovitch, Rabinovitz, Rabinowicz, Rabinovici) (Илья Рабинович; 11 May 1891, Saint Petersburg – 23 April 1942, Perm) was a Russian / Soviet chess master, among the best Russian and Soviet players for three decades, from 1910 to 1940.

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International Arbiter

In chess, International Arbiter is a title awarded by FIDE to individuals deemed capable of acting as arbiter in important chess matches.

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International Judge of Chess Compositions

International Judge of Chess Compositions is a title award by FIDE via the World Federation for Chess Composition (WFCC; until 2010 Permanent Commission of the FIDE for Chess Compositions, PCCC) to individuals who have judged several chess problem or study tournaments and who are considered capable of judging such awards at the highest level.

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Interregnum

An interregnum (plural interregna or interregnums) is a period of discontinuity or "gap" in a government, organization, or social order.

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Interregnum of World Chess Champions

The Interregnum of World Chess Champions was the period between March 24, 1946 (the date of Alexander Alekhine's death) and May 17, 1948 (when Mikhail Botvinnik won a special championship tournament).

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Interzonal

Interzonal chess tournaments were tournaments organized by the World Chess Federation FIDE from the 1950s to the 1990s.

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Iosif Rudakovsky

Iosif Iosifovich Rudakovsky (January 1914 – December 1947) was a Ukrainian chess master.

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Isaac Boleslavsky

Isaac Yefremovich Boleslavsky (Ісаак Єфремович Болеславський, Исаак Ефремович Болеславский; June 9, 1919 in Zolotonosha, Ukraine – February 15, 1977 in Minsk) was a Soviet chess grandmaster.

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Isaak Mazel

Isaak Yakovlevich Mazel (Ісак Якаўлевіч Мазэль; December 1911, Minsk – March 31, 1945, Tashkent) was a Belarusian–Russian chess master.

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Jón Loftur Árnason

Jón Loftur Árnason (born 13 November 1960) is an Icelandic chess grandmaster.

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John Littlewood (chess player)

John Eric Littlewood (25 May 1931 – 16 September 2009) was for many years a leading British chess player and took the title of national senior champion in 2006.

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José Raúl Capablanca

José Raúl Capablanca y Graupera (19 November 1888 – 8 March 1942) was a Cuban chess player who was world chess champion from 1921 to 1927.

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King's Indian Defence

The King's Indian Defence is a common chess opening.

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King's Indian Defence, Sämisch Variation

The Sämisch Variation of the King's Indian Defence is a chess opening that begins with the moves: The Sämisch is a subtle blockading system and a critical challenge to the King's Indian.

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Konstantin Vygodchikov

Konstantin Vygodchikov (Vigodchikov, Wygodchikoff; Константин Алексеевич Выгодчиков) (1892–1941) was a Belarusian chess master.

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Kotok-McCarthy

Kotok-McCarthy also known as was the first computer program to play chess convincingly.

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Lajos Portisch

Lajos Portisch (born 4 April 1937) is a Hungarian chess Grandmaster, whose positional style earned him the nickname, the "Hungarian Botvinnik".

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Lawrence Day

Lawrence Day (born February 1, 1949 in Kitchener, Ontario) is a Canadian chess International Master, author, and journalist.

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László Szabó (chess player)

László Szabó (March 19, 1917 – August 8, 1998) was a Hungarian grandmaster of chess.

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Leningrad City Chess Championship

The Leningrad City Chess Championship is a chess tournament held officially in the city of Leningrad, Russia starting from 1920.

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Leonid Stein

Leonid Zakharovich Stein (Леонид Захарович Штейн; November 12, 1934 – July 4, 1973) was a Soviet chess Grandmaster from Ukraine.

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Lev Aronin

Lev Solomonovich Aronin (Лев Соломонович Аронин; 20 July 1920, Kuibyshev – 4 October 1982, Moscow) was a Soviet International Master of chess.

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Levente Lengyel

Levente Lengyel (13 June 1933 – 18 August 2014) was a Hungarian chess player, who gained the Grandmaster title in 1964.

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List of atheists (miscellaneous)

This is a list of atheists.

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List of chess books (A–F)

This is a list of chess books that are used as references in articles related to chess.

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List of chess books (M–S)

This is a list of chess books that are used as references in articles related to chess.

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List of chess games between Kasparov and Kramnik

Garry Kasparov and Vladimir Kramnik have played 49 classical chess games, of which Kramnik won five, Kasparov won four, with the remaining 40 games drawn.

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List of chess openings named after people

The Oxford Companion to Chess lists 1,327 named openings and variants.

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List of chess players

This list of chess players includes people who are primarily known as chess players and have an article on the English Wikipedia.

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List of computer scientists

This is a list of computer scientists, people who do work in computer science, in particular researchers and authors.

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List of electrical engineers

This is a list of electrical engineers (by no means exhaustive), people who have made notable contributions to electrical engineering or computer engineering.

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List of Honoured Masters of Sport of the USSR in chess

Honored Master of Sport was a Soviet state honour, introduced on 27 May 1934 by the Central Executive Committee of the Soviet Union.

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List of Jewish atheists and agnostics

Based on Jewish law's emphasis on matrilineal descent, even religiously conservative Orthodox Jewish authorities would accept an atheist born to a Jewish mother as fully Jewish.

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List of Jewish chess players

Jewish players and game theoreticians have long been involved in the game of chess and have significantly contributed to the development of chess, which has been described as the "Jewish National game".

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List of Jews born in the Russian Empire and the Soviet Union

The following is a list of Jews born in the territory of the former Russian Empire.

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List of people on the postage stamps of Tajikistan

This is a list of people on the postage stamps of Tajikistan.

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List of Russian chess players

This list of Russian chess players lists people from Russia, the Soviet Union, and the Russian Empire who are primarily known as chess players.

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List of Russian electrical engineers

This list of Russian electrical engineers includes the electrical engineers, inventors and physicist from the Russian Empire, the Soviet Union and the Russian Federation.

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List of Russian people

This is a list of people associated with the modern Russian Federation, the Soviet Union, Imperial Russia, Russian Tsardom, the Grand Duchy of Moscow, and other predecessor states of Russia.

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List of Russian sportspeople

This is a list of notable sportspeople from the Russian Federation, Soviet Union, Russian Empire, and other Russian predecessor states, including ethnic Russians and people of other ethnicities.

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List of strong chess tournaments

This article depicts many of the strongest international chess tournaments in history.

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List of World Chess Championships

The following is a list of World Chess Championships including the hosting cities.

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List of world records in chess

This is a list of world records in chess as achieved in organized tournament, match, or simultaneous exhibition play.

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March 1961

The following events occurred in March 1961.

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Mark Taimanov

Mark Evgenievich Taimanov (Марк Евгеньевич Тайманов; 7 February 1926 – 28 November 2016) was one of the leading Soviet and Russian chess players, among the world's top 20 players from 1946 to 1971.

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Max Euwe

Machgielis "Max" Euwe, PhD (May 20, 1901 – November 26, 1981) was a Dutch chess Grandmaster, mathematician, author, and chess administrator.

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May 1963

The following events occurred in May 1963.

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May 5

This day marks the approximate midpoint of spring in the Northern Hemisphere and of autumn in the Southern Hemisphere (starting the season at the March equinox).

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Miguel Najdorf

Miguel Najdorf (born Mojsze Mendel Najdorf) (15 April 1910 – 4 July 1997) was a Polish-Argentine chess grandmaster.

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Mikhail Tal

Mikhail Nekhemyevich Tal (Mihails Tāls; Михаил Нехемьевич Таль, Mikhail Nekhem'evich Tal,; sometimes transliterated Mihails Tals or Mihail Tal; 9 November 1936 – 28 June 1992) was a Soviet Latvian chess Grandmaster and the eighth World Chess Champion (from 1960 to 1961).

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Mikhail Yudovich

Mikhail Mikhailovich Yudovich (8 June 1911 in Roslavl – 19 September 1987 in Moscow) was a Russian chess master, journalist, and writer.

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Milan Matulović

Milan Matulović (10 June 1935 – 9 October 2013) was a chess grandmaster who was the second or third strongest Yugoslav player for much of the 1960s and 1970s behind Svetozar Gligorić and possibly Borislav Ivkov.

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Modern Benoni

The Modern Benoni is a chess opening that begins with the moves 1.

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Monte Carlo chess tournament

The Monte Carlo chess tournament was established in 1901.

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Morphy number

The Morphy number is a measure of how closely a chess player is connected to Paul Morphy (1837–1884) by way of playing chess games.

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Moscow 1935 chess tournament

Moscow 1935 was the second international chess tournament held in Moscow, taking place from 15 February to 15 March 1935.

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Moscow City Chess Championship

This is a list of the winners of the Moscow City Chess Championship from 1899 to date.

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My 60 Memorable Games

My 60 Memorable Games is a chess book by Bobby Fischer, first published in 1969.

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My Great Predecessors

My Great Predecessors is a series of chess books written by former World Champion Garry Kasparov et al.

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Nigel Short

Nigel David Short (born 1 June 1965) is an English chess grandmaster, chess columnist, chess coach and chess commentator.

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Nikolai Grigoriev

Nikalai (Nikolay) Dmitrievich Grigoriev (Никола́й Дми́триевич Григо́рьев) was a Russian chess player and a composer of endgame studies.

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Nikolai Kopilov

Nikolai Georgiyevich Kopilov (Николай Георгиевич Копылов) (26 October 1919 - 7 May 1995) was a Russian chess player from Novonikolayevsk.

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Nikolai Riumin

Nikolai (Nikolay) Nikolaevich Riumin (Ryumin, Rjumin, Rumin) (Николай Николаевич Рюмин; 5 September 1908, Moscow – 1942, Omsk) was a Russian chess master, one of the strongest Soviet players of the 1930s.

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Nikolai Zubarev

Nikolai (Nikolay) Zubarev (10 January 1894 – January 1951) was a Russian chess master.

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Nimzo-Indian Defence

The Nimzo-Indian Defence is a chess opening characterised by the moves: Other move orders, such as 1.c4 e6 2.Nc3 Nf6 3.d4 Bb4, are also feasible.

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Nottingham 1936 chess tournament

The Nottingham 1936 chess tournament was a 15-player round robin tournament held August 10–28 at the University of Nottingham.

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Oscar Panno

Oscar R. Panno (born 17 March 1935 in Buenos Aires) is an Argentine chess Grandmaster.

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Outline of chess

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to chess: Chess is a two-player board game played on a chessboard (a square-checkered board with 64 squares arranged in an eight-by-eight grid).

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Paul Keres

Paul Keres (January 7, 1916June 5, 1975) was an Estonian chess grandmaster and chess writer.

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Pawnless chess endgame

A pawnless chess endgame is a chess endgame in which only a few pieces remain and none of them is a pawn.

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Petar Trifunović

Dr.

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Peter Romanovsky

Peter Arsenievich Romanovsky (Пётр Арсеньевич Романо́вский; 29 July 1892, Saint Petersburg – 1 March 1964, Moscow) was a Russian chess International Master, International Arbiter, and author.

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Peter Svidler

Pyotr Veniaminovich Svidler (Пётр Вениами́нович Сви́длер; born 17 June 1976) is a Russian chess grandmaster.

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Piatigorsky Cup

The Piatigorsky Cup was a triennial series of double round-robin grandmaster chess tournaments held in the United States in the 1960s.

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Poisoned Pawn Variation

The Poisoned Pawn Variation is any of several series of opening moves in chess in which a pawn is said to be "poisoned" because its capture can result in a positional disadvantage or loss of material.

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Queen and pawn versus queen endgame

The queen and pawn versus queen endgame is a chess endgame in which both sides have a queen and one side has a pawn, which he is trying to promote.

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Queen's Gambit Accepted

The Queen's Gambit Accepted (or QGA) is a chess opening characterised by the moves: The Queen's Gambit Accepted is the third most popular option on Black's second move, after 2...e6 (the Queen's Gambit Declined) and 2...c6 (the Slav Defense).

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Queen's Gambit Declined

The Queen's Gambit Declined (or QGD) is a chess opening in which Black declines a pawn offered by White in the Queen's Gambit: This is known as the Orthodox Line of the Queen's Gambit Declined.

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Repino, Saint Petersburg

Repino (Ре́пино) is an area of Saint Petersburg, Russia, and a station of the Saint Petersburg-Vyborg railroad.

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Reuben Fine

Reuben Fine (October 11, 1914 – March 26, 1993) was an American chess grandmaster, psychologist, university professor, and author of many books on both chess and psychology.

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Russia (USSR) vs Rest of the World

There have been two chess matches featuring USSR vs.

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Salo Flohr

Salomon Mikhailovich Flohr (November 21, 1908 – July 18, 1983) was a leading Czech chess grandmaster of the mid-20th century, who became a national hero in Czechoslovakia during the 1930s.

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Salzburg 1942 chess tournament

The main organiser of Salzburg 1942, Ehrhardt Post, the Chief Executive of Nazi Grossdeutscher Schachbund, intended to bring together the six strongest players of Germany, the occupied and neutral European countries; world champion Alexander Alekhine, former champion Max Euwe, challenger Paul Keres, former challenger Efim Bogoljubov, winner of European tournament at Munich 1941 Gösta Stoltz, and German champion Paul Felix Schmidt.

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Samuel Reshevsky

Samuel Herman Reshevsky (born Szmul Rzeszewski; November 26, 1911 – April 4, 1992) was a Polish chess prodigy and later a leading American chess grandmaster.

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Sargon (chess)

Sargon (or SARGON) is a line of chess-playing software for personal computers.

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School of chess

A school of chess denotes a chess player or group of players that share common ideas about the strategy of the game.

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Semi-Closed Game

A Semi-Closed Game (or Semi-Closed Opening) is a chess opening in which White plays 1.d4 but Black does not make the symmetrical reply 1...d5.

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Semi-Slav Defense

The Semi-Slav Defense is a variation of the Queen's Gambit chess opening defined by the position reached after the moves: The position may readily be reached by a number of different.

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Semyon Furman

Semyon Abramovich Furman (December 1, 1920 – March 17, 1978) was a Soviet chess Grandmaster and trainer.

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Sergei Prokofiev

Sergei Sergeyevich Prokofiev (r; 27 April 1891 – 5 March 1953) was a Russian Soviet composer, pianist and conductor.

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Sergey von Freymann

Sergey von Freymann (Freyman, Frejman, Freiman) (1882–1946) was a Russian-Uzbekistani chess master.

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Simultaneous exhibition

A simultaneous exhibition or simultaneous display is a board game exhibition (commonly chess or Go) in which one player (typically of high rank, such as a grandmaster or dan-level player) plays multiple games at a time with a number of other players.

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Sir George Thomas, 7th Baronet

Sir George Alan Thomas, 7th Baronet (14 June 1881 – 23 July 1972) was a British badminton, tennis and chess player.

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Slav Defense

The Slav Defense is a chess opening that begins with the moves: The Slav is one of the primary defenses to the Queen's Gambit.

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Solomon Gotthilf

Solomon Borisovich Gotthilf (b. 21 February 1903; died 11 July 1967) was a Russian chess master.

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Soviet Chess School

The Soviet School of Chess was asserted to be a national style of play by Soviet chess players and journalists.

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Sport in Russia

The most popular sport in Russia is football.

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Svetozar Gligorić

Svetozar Gligorić (Serbian Cyrillic: Светозар Глигорић, 2 February 1923 – 14 August 2012) was a Serbian and Yugoslav chess grandmaster.

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Tarrasch rule

The Tarrasch rule is a general principle that applies in the majority of chess middlegames and endgames.

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Tata Steel Chess Tournament

The Tata Steel Chess Tournament is an annual chess tournament held in January in Wijk aan Zee, the Netherlands.

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Theodore Tylor

Sir Theodore Henry Tylor (13 May 1900 – 23 October 1968) was a lawyer and international level chess player, despite being nearly blind.

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Tigran Petrosian

Tigran Vartanovich Petrosian (Тигра́н Варта́нович Петрося́н; Տիգրան Պետրոսյան; June 17, 1929 – August 13, 1984) was a Soviet Armenian Grandmaster, and World Chess Champion from 1963 to 1969.

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Timeline of chess

This is a timeline of chess.

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USA vs. USSR radio chess match 1945

The USA vs.

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USSR Chess Championship

The USSR Chess Championship was played from 1921 to 1991.

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USSR Chess Federation

The USSR Chess Federation (Шахматная федерация СССР - Shakhmatnaya fyedyeratsiya SSSR) was the national organism for chess in the USSR.

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Vasily Smyslov

Vasily Vasilyevich Smyslov (Василий Васильевич Смыслов; 24 March 1921 – 27 March 2010) was a Soviet and Russian chess grandmaster, who was World Chess Champion from 1957 to 1958.

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Viacheslav Ragozin

Viacheslav Vasilyevich Ragozin (Вячесла́в Васи́льевич Раго́зин, 8 October 1908 – 11 March 1962) was a Soviet chess Grandmaster, an International Arbiter of chess, and a World Correspondence Chess Champion.

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Victor Ciocâltea

Victor Ciocâltea (January 16, 1932 – September 10, 1983) was a Romanian chess master.

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Viktor Korchnoi

Viktor Lvovich Korchnoi (p; 23 March 1931 – 6 June 2016) was a Soviet (until 1976) and Swiss (since 1994) chess grandmaster and writer.

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Viswanathan Anand

Viswanathan "Vishy" Anand (born 11 December 1969) is an Indian chess grandmaster, a former World Chess Champion, and the current World Rapid Chess Champion.

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Vladimir Alatortsev

Vladimir Alexeyevich Alatortsev (Влади́мир Алексе́евич Ала́торцев, pronounced "a LAH tart sev") (May 14, 1909 in Turki, Saratov oblast, Russian Empire – January 13, 1987 in Moscow, Soviet Union), was a Russian chess grandmaster, organizer, teacher, author, and administrator.

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Vladimir Arlazarov

Vladimir L’vovich Arlazarov (Russian Арлазаров Владимир Львович) is a Russian computer scientist born in Moscow.

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Vladimir Kramnik

Vladimir Borisovich Kramnik (Влади́мир Бори́сович Кра́мник; born 25 June 1975) is a Russian chess grandmaster.

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Vladimir Makogonov

Vladimir Andreevich Makogonov (Влади́мир Андре́евич Макого́нов, August 27, 1904 – January 2, 1993) was a chess player from Azerbaijan.

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Vladimir Simagin

Vladimir Simagin (June 21, 1919 in Moscow – September 25, 1968 in Kislovodsk) was a Russian Grandmaster of chess.

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Vsevolod Rauzer

Vsevolod Alfredovich Rauzer (16 October 1908 – 29 December 1941, Leningrad) was a Soviet Ukrainian chess master known for his great contributions to chess opening theory, especially of the Sicilian Defence.

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William Lombardy

William James Joseph Lombardy (December 4, 1937 – October 13, 2017) was an American chess grandmaster, chess writer, teacher, and former Catholic priest.

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World Chess Championship

The World Chess Championship (sometimes abbreviated as WCC) is played to determine the World Champion in chess.

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World Chess Championship 1948

The 1948 World Chess Championship was a quintuple round-robin tournament played to determine the new World Chess Champion following the death of the previous champion Alexander Alekhine in 1946.

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World Chess Championship 1951

The 1951 World Chess Championship was played between Mikhail Botvinnik and David Bronstein in Moscow from March 15 to May 11, 1951.

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World Chess Championship 1954

The 1954 World Chess Championship was played between Mikhail Botvinnik and Vasily Smyslov in Moscow from March 16 to May 13, 1954.

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World Chess Championship 1957

The 1957 World Chess Championship was played between Mikhail Botvinnik and Vasily Smyslov in Moscow from March 5 to April 27, 1957.

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World Chess Championship 1958

The 1958 World Chess Championship was played between Mikhail Botvinnik and Vasily Smyslov in Moscow from March 4 to May 9, 1958.

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World Chess Championship 1960

The 1960 World Chess Championship was played between Mikhail Botvinnik and Mikhail Tal in Moscow from March 15 to May 7, 1960.

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World Chess Championship 1961

The 1961 World Chess Championship was played between former champion Mikhail Botvinnik and champion Mikhail Tal in Moscow from March 15 to May 13, 1961.

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World Chess Championship 1963

At the World Chess Championship 1963 Tigran Petrosian narrowly qualified to challenge Mikhail Botvinnik for the World Chess Championship, and then won the match to become the ninth World Chess Champion.

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World Chess Championship 1966

The 1966 World Chess Championship was played between Tigran Petrosian and Boris Spassky in Moscow from April 9 to June 9, 1966.

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World Chess Championship 1972

The World Chess Championship 1972 was a match for the World Chess Championship between challenger Bobby Fischer of the United States and defending champion Boris Spassky of the Soviet Union.

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World Chess Hall of Fame

The World Chess Hall of Fame (WCHOF) is a nonprofit, collecting institution situated in the Central West End neighborhood of St. Louis, Missouri, United States.

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Wrong bishop

The wrong bishop is a situation in chess endgame when a bishop on the other color of square of the chessboard would either win a game instead of draw or salvage a draw from an inferior position; in other words, a bishop is unable to guard squares of the other color.

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X-ray (chess)

In chess, the term X-ray or X-ray attack is sometimes used as a synonym for skewer.

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Zurich 1953 chess tournament

Zurich 1953 was a chess tournament won by Vasily Smyslov.

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11th Chess Olympiad

The 11th Chess Olympiad, organized by the FIDE and comprising an open team tournament, as well as several other events designed to promote the game of chess, took place between September 4 and September 25, 1954, in Amsterdam, Netherlands.

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12th Chess Olympiad

The 12th Chess Olympiad, organized by the FIDE and comprising an open team tournament, as well as several other events designed to promote the game of chess, took place between August 31 and September 25, 1956, in Moscow, Soviet Union.

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13th Chess Olympiad

The 13th Chess Olympiad, organized by FIDE and comprising an open team tournament, as well as several other events designed to promote the game of chess, took place between September 30 and October 23, 1958, in Munich, West Germany.

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14th Chess Olympiad

The 14th Chess Olympiad, organized by FIDE and comprising an open team tournament, as well as several other events designed to promote the game of chess, took place between October 26 and November 9, 1960, in Leipzig, East Germany.

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15th Chess Olympiad

The 15th Chess Olympiad, organized by FIDE and comprising an open team tournament, as well as several other events designed to promote the game of chess, took place between September 15 and October 10, 1962, in Varna, Bulgaria.

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16th Chess Olympiad

The 16th Chess Olympiad, organized by FIDE and comprising an open team tournament, as well as several other events designed to promote the game of chess, took place between November 2 and November 25, 1964, in Tel Aviv, Israel.

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1911

A highlight was the race for the South Pole.

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1933 in chess

Events in chess in 1933.

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1939 in chess

Events in chess in 1939.

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1940 in chess

Events in chess in 1940.

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1941 in chess

Events in chess in 1941.

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1943 in chess

Events in chess in 1943.

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1944 in chess

Events in chess in 1944.

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1945 in chess

Events in chess in 1945.

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1962 in chess

Events in chess in 1962.

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1969 in chess

Events in chess in 1969;.

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1970 in chess

Events in chess in 1970;.

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1971 in chess

Events in chess in 1971;.

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1972 in chess

Events in chess in 1972;.

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1973 in chess

Events in chess in 1973.

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1974 in chess

Events in chess in 1974;.

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1976 in chess

Events in chess in 1976;.

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1995

This was the first year that the Internet was entirely privatized, with the United States government no longer providing public funding.

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1995 in chess

Events in chess in 1995;.

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1995 in Russia

Events from the year 1995 in Russia.

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2006 in chess

Events in chess in 2006.

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Redirects here:

Bottvinik, Botvinik, Botwinnik, Michail Botwinnik, Mihail Botvinnik, Mikhail Botwinnik, Mikhail Moiseevich Botvinnik, Mikhail Moiseyevich Botvinnik, Misha Botvinnik.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mikhail_Botvinnik

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