475 relations: Accelerated Graphics Port, Active cable, Active State Power Management, Adaptec, Advanced Configuration and Power Interface, Advanced Graphics Riser, Advanced Mezzanine Card, Advanced Micro Devices, Advanced Power Management, Advanced Telecommunications Computing Architecture, AirPort, Ajay Bhatt, Algorithmic skeleton, ALi Corporation, All-in-Wonder, AMD 10h, AMD 580 chipset series, AMD 690 chipset series, AMD 700 chipset series, AMD 800 chipset series, AMD 900 chipset series, AMD Accelerated Processing Unit, AMD CrossFireX, AMD FireMV, AMD FirePro, AMD mobile platform, AMD PowerPlay, AMD Quad FX platform, AMD Radeon 400 series, Amiga productivity software, AmigaOne X1000, Apple A9, Apple A9X, Apple Inc., Arapaho (disambiguation), ARI, ARM Cortex-A57, Arrandale, ASI, ASMedia, Asus Eee PC, ATi Radeon R300 Series, ATI Technologies, ATX, Auzentech, Baikal CPU, Biostar TZ68K+, Blackmagic Design, Broadcast Driver Architecture, Broadwell (microarchitecture), ..., BrookGPU, Brute-force attack, Burst mode (computing), Bus (computing), Bus analyzer, Bustec, Cache Acceleration Software, Celeron, Cell (microprocessor), Centrino, CFexpress, Characteristic impedance, Chrome 500 series, Chrome S20 series, Clariion, Clarkdale (microprocessor), Clarksfield (microprocessor), ClearSpeed, Coherent Accelerator Processor Interface, COM Express, Commodore 64x, CompactFlash, CompactPCI, CompactPCI PlusIO, CompactPCI Serial, Comparison of Macintosh models, Comparison of memory cards, Comparison of open-source wireless drivers, Comparison of single-board computers, Computer fan, Computer form factor, Configuration space, Conventional PCI, Converged network adapter, CoreExpress, CPU socket, Cray CX1, Cray XK6, Criticism of Apple Inc., Crysis (video game), Crystal oscillator frequencies, Data conditioning, Datasheet, DDR4 SDRAM, De facto standard, DEFLATE, Dell Inspiron desktops, Dell PowerEdge, Dell Precision, Dell XPS, Dell XPS 730x, Desktop computer, Desktop replacement computer, Device control register, Dialogic telephony cards, Differential signaling, Digital Rapids Corporation, DIMM, Direct Media Interface, DisplayPort, DMA attack, Docking station, Dolphin Interconnect Solutions, Double data rate, DTX (form factor), Dynamic voltage scaling, Edge connector, Edico Genome, Elbrus-2S+, Emphasis (telecommunications), Enthusiast computing, EPIC (form factor), Epyc, ESATAp, Ethernet over USB, ETX (form factor), EVGA Corporation, EVO Smart Console, ExoPC, Expansion card, ExpEther, ExpressCard, Extended Industry Standard Architecture, Fastra II, FeaturePak, Features new to Windows 7, Features new to Windows 8, Features new to Windows Vista, Fibre Channel, Field-programmable gate array, Flash memory, FlowMon, Form factor (design), Front-side bus, Gaming computer, GeForce 4 series, GeForce 400 series, GeForce 6 series, GeForce 600 series, GeForce 7 series, GeForce 8 series, GeForce 900 series, GeForce FX series, Gen-Z, Genesi, Glossary of computer hardware 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The Accelerated Graphics Port (AGP) was designed as a high-speed point-to-point channel for attaching a video card to a computer system, primarily to assist in the acceleration of 3D computer graphics.
Active cables are copper cables for data transmission that use a silicon chip (semiconductor) to boost the performance of the cable.
Active State Power Management (ASPM) is a power management protocol used to manage PCI Express-based (PCIe) serial link devices as links become less active over time.
Adaptec was a computer storage company and remains a brand for computer storage products.
In a computer, the Advanced Configuration and Power Interface (ACPI) provides an open standard that operating systems can use to discover and configure computer hardware components, to perform power management by (for example) putting unused components to sleep, and to perform status monitoring.
The Advanced Graphics Riser is a variation of the Accelerated Graphics Port (AGP) used in some PCIe motherboards made by MSI to offer a limited backwards compatibility with AGP.
Advanced Mezzanine Cards are printed circuit boards (PCBs) that follow a specification of the PCI Industrial Computers Manufacturers Group (PICMG), with more than 100 companies participating.
Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. (AMD) is an American multinational semiconductor company based in Santa Clara, California, that develops computer processors and related technologies for business and consumer markets.
Advanced power management (APM) is an API developed by Intel and Microsoft and released in 1992 which enables an operating system running an IBM-compatible personal computer to work with the BIOS (part of the computer's firmware) to achieve power management.
Advanced Telecommunications Computing Architecture (ATCA or AdvancedTCA) is the largest specification effort in the history of the PCI Industrial Computer Manufacturers Group (PICMG), with more than 100 companies participating.
AirPort is the name given to a series of products by Apple Inc.
Ajay V. Bhatt is an Indian-American computer architect who helped define and develop several widely used technologies, including USB (Universal Serial Bus), AGP (Accelerated Graphics Port), PCI Express, Platform Power management architecture and various chipset improvements.
In computing, algorithmic skeletons, or parallelism patterns, are a high-level parallel programming model for parallel and distributed computing.
ALi Corporation (also known as Acer Laboratories Incorporated or Acer Labs Inc., and commonly known as ALi) is a major designer and manufacturer of embedded systems integrated circuits, and a former manufacturer of personal computer integrated circuits.
The All-in-Wonder (also abbreviated to AIW) was a combination graphics card/TV tuner card designed by ATI Technologies.
The AMD Family 10h, or K10, is a microprocessor microarchitecture by AMD based on the K8 microarchitecture.
AMD 580 chipset series is a computer chipset series designed by the AMD Graphics Product Group, for the AMD processors.
The AMD 690 chipset series is an integrated graphics chipset family which was developed and manufactured by AMD subsidiary ATI for both AMD and Intel platforms focusing on both desktop and mobile computing markets.
The AMD 700 chipset series (also called as AMD 7-Series Chipsets) is a set of chipsets designed by ATI for AMD Phenom processors to be sold under the AMD brand.
The AMD 800 chipset series is a set of chipsets developed by AMD, released in 2009.
The AMD 9-Series Chipset is a set of chipsets developed by AMD, released in 2011.
The AMD Accelerated Processing Unit (APU), formerly known as Fusion, is the marketing term for a series of 64-bit microprocessors from Advanced Micro Devices (AMD), designed to act as a central processing unit (CPU) and graphics accelerator unit (GPU) on a single die.
AMD CrossFire (also known as CrossFireX) is a brand name for the multi-GPU technology by Advanced Micro Devices, originally developed by ATI Technologies.
AMD FireMV, formerly ATI FireMV, is brand name for graphics cards marketed as a Multi-Display 2D video card, with 3D capabilities same as the low-end Radeon graphics products.
AMD FirePro was AMD's brand of graphics cards intended for use in workstations and servers running professional Computer-aided design (CAD), Computer-generated imagery (CGI), Digital content creation (DCC), and High-performance computing/GPGPU applications.
The AMD mobile platform is an open platform for laptops from AMD.
AMD PowerPlay is the brand name for a set of technologies for the reduction of the energy consumption implemented in several of AMD's graphics processing units and APUs supported by their proprietary graphics device driver "Catalyst".
The AMD Quad FX platform is an AMD platform targeted at enthusiasts which allows users to plug two Socket F Athlon 64 FX or 2-way Opteron processors (CPUs) into a single motherboard for a total of four physical cores.
The Radeon 400 series is a series of graphics cards made by AMD.
This article deals with productivity software created for the Amiga line of computers and covers the AmigaOS operating system and its derivates AROS and MorphOS and is a split of main article Amiga software.
AmigaOne X1000 is a PowerPC-based personal computer intended as a high-end platform for AmigaOS 4.
The Apple A9 is a 64-bit ARM-based system-on-chip (SoC), designed by Apple Inc.
The Apple A9X is a 64-bit ARM-based system on a chip (SoC) designed by Apple Inc. It first appeared in the iPad Pro, which was announced on September 9, 2015 and was released on November 11, 2015.
Apple Inc. is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Cupertino, California, that designs, develops, and sells consumer electronics, computer software, and online services.
The Arapaho are a tribe of Native Americans who originally lived in what is now eastern Colorado and Wyoming.
ARI may refer to.
The ARM Cortex-A57 is a microarchitecture implementing the ARMv8-A 64-bit instruction set designed by ARM Holdings.
Arrandale is the code name for a family of mobile Intel processors, sold as mobile Intel Core i3, i5 and i7 as well as Celeron and Pentium.
Asi or ASI may refer to.
ASMedia Technology Inc. is a Taiwanese integrated circuit design company owned by Asus.
The Asus Eee PC is a netbook computer line from Asus, and a part of the Asus Eee product family.
The R300 GPU, introduced in August 2002 and developed by ATI Technologies, is its third generation of GPU used in Radeon graphics cards.
ATI Technologies Inc. (commonly called ATI) was a semiconductor technology corporation based in Markham, Ontario, Canada, that specialized in the development of graphics processing units and chipsets.
ATX (Advanced Technology eXtended) is a motherboard configuration specification developed by Intel in 1995 to improve on previous ''de facto'' standards like the AT design.
Auzentech was a Korean computer hardware manufacturer that specialized in high-definition audio equipment and in particular PC sound cards.
Baikal CPU is a line of MIPS and ARM-based microprocessors developed by fabless design firm Baikal Electronics, a spin-off of the Russian supercomputer company T-Platforms.
The Biostar TZ68K+ is a PC motherboard based on the Intel Z68 chipset, with a LGA 1155 CPU socket.
Blackmagic Design is an Australian digital cinema company and manufacturer based in Port Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
The Broadcast Driver Architecture (BDA) is a Microsoft standard for digital video capture on Microsoft Windows operating systems.
Broadwell is Intel's codename for the 14 nanometer die shrink of its Haswell microarchitecture.
The Brook programming language and its implementation BrookGPU were early and influential attempts to enable general-purpose computing on graphics processing units.
In cryptography, a brute-force attack consists of an attacker trying many passwords or passphrases with the hope of eventually guessing correctly.
Burst mode (alternatively burst-mode) is a generic electronics term referring to any situation in which a device is transmitting data repeatedly without going through all the steps required to transmit each piece of data in a separate transaction.
In computer architecture, a bus (a contraction of the Latin omnibus) is a communication system that transfers data between components inside a computer, or between computers.
A bus analyzer is a type of a protocol analysis tool, used for capturing and analyzing communication data across a specific interface bus, usually embedded in a hardware system.
Bustec is a company that designs and manufactures instrumentation for high-performance data acquisition and instrument control.
The Intel Cache Acceleration Software (CAS) is a computer data storage product for solid-state drive (SSD) caching.
Celeron is a brand name given by Intel to a number of different low-end IA-32 and x86-64 computer microprocessor models targeted at budget personal computers.
Cell is a multi-core microprocessor microarchitecture that combines a general-purpose Power Architecture core of modest performance with streamlined coprocessing elements which greatly accelerate multimedia and vector processing applications, as well as many other forms of dedicated computation.
Centrino is a brand name of Intel Corporation which represents its Wi-Fi and WiMAX wireless computer networking adapters.
CFexpress (or CFX) is a standard for removable media cards proposed by the CompactFlash Association.
The characteristic impedance or surge impedance (usually written Z0) of a uniform transmission line is the ratio of the amplitudes of voltage and current of a single wave propagating along the line; that is, a wave travelling in one direction in the absence of reflections in the other direction.
S3 Graphics Chrome 500 series is the successor of S3 Graphics Chrome S20 series, and is produced in parallel to the S3 Graphics Chrome 400.
Chrome 20 Series is a graphics accelerator by S3 Graphics, the successor of GammaChrome S18.
Clariion (styled CLARiiON) is a discontinued SAN disk array manufactured and sold by EMC Corporation, it occupied the entry-level and mid-range of EMC's SAN disk array products.
Clarkdale is the code name for an Intel processor, initially sold as desktop Intel Core i5 and Core i3 and Pentium.
Clarksfield is the code name for an Intel processor, initially sold as mobile Intel Core i7.
ClearSpeed Technology Ltd is a semiconductor company, formed in 2002 to develop enhanced SIMD processors for use in high-performance computing and embedded systems.
Coherent Accelerator Processor Interface, officially abbreviated as CAPI, is a high-speed processor expansion bus standard, initially designed to be layered on top of PCI Express, for directly connecting CPUs to external accelerators like GPUs, ASICs, FPGAs or fast storage.
COM Express, a computer-on-module (COM) form factor, is a highly integrated and compact PC that can be used in a design application much like an integrated circuit component.
The Commodore 64x is a replica PC based on the original Commodore 64, powered by standard x86 Intel processors ranging from the Intel Atom to the Intel Core i7.
CompactFlash (CF) is a flash memory mass storage device used mainly in portable electronic devices.
CompactPCI is a computer bus interconnect for industrial computers, combining a Eurocard-type connector and PCI signaling and protocols.
CompactPCI PlusIO is an extension to the PICMG 2.0 CompactPCI industrial standard for modular computer systems.
CompactPCI Serial is an industrial standard for modular computer systems.
This is a comparison of Macintosh models, produced by Apple Inc. This list encompasses current models only.
This table provides summary of comparison of various flash memory cards,.
Wireless network cards for computers require control software to make them function (firmware, device drivers).
Comparison of single-board computers excluding single-board microcontrollers.
A computer fan is any fan inside, or attached to, a computer case used for active cooling, and may refer to fans that draw cooler air into the case from the outside, expel warm air from inside, or move air across a heat sink to cool a particular component.
In computing, the form factor is the specification of a motherboard – the dimensions, power supply type, location of mounting holes, number of ports on the back panel, etc.
Configuration space may refer to.
Conventional PCI, often shortened to PCI, is a local computer bus for attaching hardware devices in a computer.
A converged network adapter (CNA), also called a converged network interface controller (C-NIC), is a computer input/output device that combines the functionality of a host bus adapter (HBA) with a network interface controller (NIC).
CoreExpress modules are complete computer-on-module (COM) highly integrated, compact computers that can be used in an embedded computer board design, much like an integrated circuit component.
In computer hardware, a CPU socket or CPU slot comprises one or more mechanical components providing mechanical and electrical connections between a microprocessor and a printed circuit board (PCB).
The Cray CX1 is a deskside high-performance workstation designed by Cray Inc., based on the x86-64 processor architecture.
The Cray XK6 is an enhanced version of the Cray XE6 supercomputer, announced in May 2011.
Apple Inc. is a multinational American technology company which sells consumer electronics that have been claimed by critics to combine stolen and/or purchased designs that it claims are its own original creations.
Crysis is a first-person shooter video game developed by Crytek and published by Electronic Arts for Microsoft Windows and released in November 2007.
Crystal oscillators can be manufactured for oscillation over a wide range of frequencies, from a few kilohertz up to several hundred megahertz.
Data conditioning is the use of data management and optimization techniques which result in the intelligent routing, optimization and protection of data for storage or data movement in a computer system.
A floppy disk controller datasheet. A datasheet, data sheet, or spec sheet is a document that summarizes the performance and other technical characteristics of a product, machine, component (e.g., an electronic component), material, a subsystem (e.g., a power supply) or software in sufficient detail to be used by a design engineer to integrate the component into a system.
In computing, DDR4 SDRAM, an abbreviation for double data rate fourth-generation synchronous dynamic random-access memory, is a type of synchronous dynamic random-access memory (SDRAM) with a high bandwidth ("double data rate") interface.
A standard is a custom or convention that has achieved a dominant position by public acceptance or market forces (for example, by early entrance to the market).
In computing, Deflate is a lossless data compression algorithm and associated file format that uses a combination of the LZ77 algorithm and Huffman coding.
On June 26, 2007, Dell released the new Inspiron desktop series as a replacement to the Dell Dimension desktop computers.
The Dell PowerEdge (PE) line is Dell's server computer product line.
Dell Precision Workstations are computers intended as workstations for CAD / Architecture / CG professionals, or as small-scale business servers.
Dell XPS (Xtreme Performance System) is a line of gaming and performance computers manufactured by Dell.
The Dell XPS 730x is an eXtreme Performance System for gaming and high-performance computingAs stated through Dell, Inc.
A desktop computer is a personal computer designed for regular use at a single location on or near a desk or table due to its size and power requirements.
A desktop replacement computer (DTR) is a personal computer that provides the full capabilities of a desktop computer while remaining mobile.
In computing, a device control register is a hardware register that controls some computer hardware device, for example a peripheral or an expansion card.
Dialogic telephony cards was a line of PC expansion cards developed in 1990s by Dialogic Inc., at the time Media & Signaling Division of Intel Corporation, for computer telephony applications.
Differential signaling is a method for electrically transmitting information using two complementary signals.
Digital Rapids Corporation is a privately held technology company headquartered in Markham, Ontario, Canada that produces hardware and software for the digital media industry.
A DIMM or dual in-line memory module comprises a series of dynamic random-access memory integrated circuits.
In computing, Direct Media Interface (DMI) is Intel's proprietary link between the northbridge and southbridge on a computer motherboard.
DisplayPort (DP) is a digital display interface developed by a consortium of PC and chip manufacturers and standardized by the Video Electronics Standards Association (VESA).
A DMA attack is a type of side channel attack in computer security, in which an attacker can penetrate a computer or other device, by exploiting the presence of high-speed expansion ports that permit direct memory access ("DMA").
In computing and video gaming, a docking station or port replicator or dock provides a simplified way of "plugging-in" an electronic device such as the tablet-like hybrid video game console, the Nintendo Switch and laptop computer to common peripherals.
Dolphin Interconnect Solutions is a manufacturer of high speed data communication systems, located in Oslo, Norway (headquarters) and Woodsville, New Hampshire, USA.
In computing, a computer bus operating with double data rate (DDR) transfers data on both the rising and falling edges of the clock signal.
The DTX form factor is a variation of ATX specification designed especially for small form factor PCs (especially for HTPCs) with dimensions of.
Dynamic voltage scaling is a power management technique in computer architecture, where the voltage used in a component is increased or decreased, depending upon circumstances.
An edge connector is the portion of a printed circuit board (PCB) consisting of traces leading to the edge of the board that are intended to plug into a matching socket.
Edico Genome is a company based in San Diego, California that sells a product for processing DNA sequencing data.
Elbrus-2S+ (Эльбрус-2С+) is a multi-core microprocessor based on the Elbrus 2000 architecture developed by Moscow Center of SPARC Technologies (MCST) There are multiple reports regarding the evolution of this technology for the purpose of import substitution in Russia, which was raised by several ministries on July 2014, due to economic sanctions in response to 2014 pro-Russian unrest in Ukraine.
Typically, prior to some process, such as transmission over cable, or recording to phonograph record or tape, the input frequency range most susceptible to noise is boosted.
Enthusiast computing refers to a sub-culture of personal computer users who focus on extremely high-end computers.
Embedded Platform for Industrial Computing (EPIC) is a computer form factor, a standard for an industrial-quality SBC that at fits in size between PC/104-Plus and EBX standards.
Epyc is AMD's x86 server processor line based on the company's Zen microarchitecture.
In computing, eSATAp (also known as Power over eSATA, Power eSATA, eSATA/USB Combo, eSATA USB Hybrid Port/EUHP) is a combination connection for external storage devices.
Ethernet over USB means using USB as an Ethernet network.
ETX, standing for Embedded Technology eXtended, is an integrated and compact computer-on-module (COM) form factor, which can be used in a design application much like an integrated circuit component.
EVGA Corporation is an American computer hardware company that produces Nvidia GPU based video cards as well as Intel chipset based motherboards.
EVO Smart Console (originally called Evo: Phase One) is a media PC and video game console marketed in the seventh generation era, and produced by Envizions.
The EXOPC is a Tablet PC, in slate form, that uses Windows 7 Home Premium as its operating system, and is designed by the company of the same name, based in Quebec, Canada.
In computing, the expansion card, expansion board, adapter card or accessory card is a printed circuit board that can be inserted into an electrical connector, or expansion slot, on a computer motherboard, backplane or riser card to add functionality to a computer system via the expansion bus.
ExpEther is a System Hardware Virtualization Technology that expands standard PCI Express beyond 1 km having thousands of roots and endpoint devices together on a single network connected through the standard Ethernet.
ExpressCard, initially called NEWCARD, is an interface to connect peripheral devices to a computer, usually a laptop computer.
The Extended Industry Standard Architecture (in practice almost always shortened to EISA and frequently pronounced "eee-suh") is a bus standard for IBM PC compatible computers.
The Fastra II is a desktop supercomputer designed for tomography.
The FeaturePak standard defines a small form factor card for I/O expansion of embedded systems and other space-constrained computing applications.
Some of the new features included in Windows 7 are advancements in touch, speech, and handwriting recognition, support for virtual hard disks, support for additional file formats, improved performance on multi-core processors, improved boot performance, and kernel improvements.
The transition from Windows 7 to Windows 8 introduced a number of new features across various aspects of the operating system.
Compared with previous versions of Microsoft Windows, new features of Windows Vista are numerous, covering most aspects of the operating system.
Fibre Channel, or FC, is a high-speed network technology (commonly running at 1, 2, 4, 8, 16, 32, and 128 gigabit per second rates) providing in-order, lossless delivery of raw block data, primarily used to connect computer data storage to servers.
A field-programmable gate array (FPGA) is an integrated circuit designed to be configured by a customer or a designer after manufacturing hence "field-programmable".
Flash memory is an electronic (solid-state) non-volatile computer storage medium that can be electrically erased and reprogrammed.
Flowmon is a name for monitoring probe which is the result of academic research activity on CESNET and also a name for a commercial product which is marketed by university spin-off company Flowmon Networks.
Form factor is an aspect of hardware design which defines and prescribes the size, shape, and other physical specifications of components, particularly in consumer electronics and electronic packaging.
A front-side bus (FSB) was a computer communication interface (bus) often used in Intel-chip-based computers during the 1990s and 2000s.
A gaming computer is a personal computer designed for playing computationally demanding video games.
The GeForce4 (codenames below) refers to the fourth generation of GeForce-branded graphics processing units (GPU) manufactured by Nvidia.
Serving as the introduction of Fermi, the GeForce 400 Series is a series of graphics processing units developed by Nvidia.
The GeForce 6 Series (codename NV40) is Nvidia's sixth generation of GeForce graphic processing units.
Serving as the introduction of Kepler architecture, the GeForce 600 Series is a series of graphics processing units developed by Nvidia, first released in 2012.
The GeForce 7 Series is the seventh generation of Nvidia's GeForce graphics processing units.
The GeForce 8 Series is the eighth generation of NVIDIA's GeForce line of graphics processing units.
Serving as the high-end introduction to Maxwell, named after James Clerk Maxwell, the GeForce 900 Series is a family of graphics processing units developed by Nvidia, succeeding the GeForce 700 series.
The GeForce FX or "GeForce 5" series (codenamed NV30) is a line of graphics processing units from the manufacturer NVIDIA.
The Gen-Z consortium is a trade group of technology vendors involved in designing CPUs, random access memory, servers, storage, and accelerators.
Genesi is an international group of technology and consulting companies in the United States, Mexico and Germany.
This is a glossary of terms relating to computer hardware – physical computer hardware, architectural issues, and peripherals.
The graphics address remapping table (GART) or graphics aperture remapping table (GART), sometimes also graphics translation table (GTT), is an I/O memory management unit (IOMMU) used by Accelerated Graphics Port (AGP) and PCI Express (PCIe) graphics cards.
Graphics Core Next (GCN) is the codename for both a series of microarchitectures as well as for an instruction set.
A graphics processing unit (GPU) is a specialized electronic circuit designed to rapidly manipulate and alter memory to accelerate the creation of images in a frame buffer intended for output to a display device.
is a supercomputer developed by ExaScaler and PEZY Computing.
Hardware abstractions are sets of routines in software that emulate some platform-specific details, giving programs direct access to the hardware resources.
Hardware-based encryption is the use of computer hardware to assist software, or sometimes replace software, in the process of data encryption.
Haswell is the codename for a processor microarchitecture developed by Intel as the "fourth-generation core" successor to the Ivy Bridge microarchitecture.
Heterogeneous System Architecture (HSA) is a cross-vendor set of specifications that allow for the integration of central processing units and graphics processors on the same bus, with shared memory and tasks.
In financial markets, high-frequency trading (HFT) is a type of algorithmic trading characterized by high speeds, high turnover rates, and high order-to-trade ratios that leverages high-frequency financial data and electronic trading tools.
The history of the personal computer as a mass-market consumer electronic device began with the microcomputer revolution of the 1980s.
HMC may stand for.
Hot swapping (frequently inaccurately called hot plugging) is replacing or adding components without stopping or shutting down the system.
HP Integrity is a series of server computers produced by Hewlett Packard Enterprise (formerly Hewlett-Packard) since 2003, based on the Itanium processor.
The HP Superdome is a high-end server computer developed and produced by Hewlett Packard Enterprise (formerly Hewlett-Packard).
HT Omega is an audio hardware manufacturing company based in Ontario, California.
HyperMemory was a brand for ATI's method of using the motherboard's main system RAM as part of or all of the video card's framebuffer memory on their line of Radeon video cards and motherboard chipsets.
HyperDrive (HD) is a series of RAM-based solid-state drives invented by Accelerated Logic B.V. (became Accelerated Logic ltd., and is now a German company) employee Pascal Bancsi (for HyperDrive II architecture), who partnered with the British company HyperOs Systems, who manufactured the retail product.
HyperTransport (HT), formerly known as Lightning Data Transport (LDT), is a technology for interconnection of computer processors.
I/O Controller Hub (ICH) is a family of Intel southbridge microchips used to manage data communications between a CPU and a motherboard, specifically Intel chipsets based on the Intel Hub Architecture.
I²C (Inter-Integrated Circuit), pronounced I-squared-C, is a synchronous, multi-master, multi-slave, packet switched, single-ended, serial computer bus invented in 1982 by Philips Semiconductor (now NXP Semiconductors).
The IBM 4765.
The IBM 4767 PCIe Cryptographic Coprocessor is a hardware security module (HSM) that includes a secure cryptoprocessor implemented on a high-security, tamper resistant, programmable PCIe board.
The IBM 4768 PCIe Cryptographic Coprocessor is a hardware security module (HSM) that includes a secure cryptoprocessor implemented on a high-security, tamper resistant, programmable PCIe board.
The IBM A2 is a massively multicore capable and multithreaded 64-bit Power Architecture processor core designed by IBM using the Power ISA v.2.06 specification.
The IBM BladeCenter was IBM's blade server architecture, until it was replaced by Flex System.
Roadrunner was a supercomputer built by IBM for the Los Alamos National Laboratory in New Mexico, USA.
IBM zEnterprise System is the latest line of IBM mainframes designed to offer both mainframe and distributed server technologies in an integrated system.
The Intel-based iMac is a family of Macintosh desktop computers designed, manufactured and sold by Apple Inc. since 2006.
The iMac G5 is an all-in-one personal computer that was designed, manufactured and sold by Apple Computer, Inc. from August 2004 to March 2006.
iMac Pro is an all-in-one personal computer and workstation designed, manufactured, and sold by Apple Inc. starting December 14, 2017.
Industry Standard Architecture (ISA) is a retronym term for the 16-bit internal bus of IBM PC/AT and similar computers based on the Intel 80286 and its immediate successors during the 1980s.
InfiniBand (abbreviated IB) is a computer-networking communications standard used in high-performance computing that features very high throughput and very low latency.
In computing, an input–output memory management unit (IOMMU) is a memory management unit (MMU) that connects a direct-memory-access–capable (DMA-capable) I/O bus to the main memory.
Integrated Device Technology, Inc. is a publicly traded American corporation headquartered in San Jose, California, that designs, manufactures, and markets low-power, high-performance mixed-signal semiconductor solutions for the advanced communications, computing, and consumer industries.
Intel Corporation (stylized as intel) is an American multinational corporation and technology company headquartered in Santa Clara, California, in the Silicon Valley.
Intel 5 Series is a computing architecture introduced in 2008 that improves the efficiency and balances the use of communication channels in the motherboard.
Intel Architecture Labs, also known as IAL, was the personal-computer system research-and-development arm of Intel Corporation during the 1990s.
Intel's Communication Streaming Architecture (CSA) was a mechanism used in the Intel Hub Architecture to increase the bandwidth available between a network card and the CPU.
Intel Core is a line of mid-to-high end consumer, workstation, and enthusiast central processing units (CPU) marketed by Intel Corporation.
Intel Galileo is the first in a line of Arduino-certified development boards based on Intel x86 architecture and is designed for the maker and education communities.
The P35 Express (codenamed Bearlake) is a mainstream desktop computer chipset from Intel released in June 2007, although motherboards featuring the chipset were available a month earlier.
The Intel P67 is a mainstream chipset created by Intel.
Intel Quark is a line of 32-bit x86 SoCs and microcontrollers by Intel, designed for small size and low power consumption, and targeted at new markets including wearable devices.
The Intel QuickPath Interconnect (QPI) is a point-to-point processor interconnect developed by Intel which replaced the front-side bus (FSB) in Xeon, Itanium, and certain desktop platforms starting in 2008.
Intel's Skulltrail is an enthusiast gaming platform that was released on February 19, 2008.
Intel Turbo Memory is a technology introduced by Intel Corporation that uses NAND flash memory modules to reduce the time it takes for a computer to power up, access programs, and write data to the hard drive.
Intel X299, codenamed "Basin Falls", is a Platform Controller Hub (PCH) designed and manufactured by Intel, targeted at the high-end desktop (HEDT or enthusiast) segment of the Intel product lineup.
The Intel X58 (codenamed Tylersburg) is an Intel chip designed to connect Intel processors with Intel QuickPath Interconnect (QPI) interface to peripheral devices.
The Intel X79 (codenamed Patsburg) is an Intel Platform Controller Hub (PCH).
Intel X99, codenamed "Wellsburg", is a Platform Controller Hub (PCH) designed and manufactured by Intel, targeted at the high-end desktop (HEDT) and enthusiast segments of the Intel product lineup.
Around the time that the Pentium III processor was introduced, Intel's Xeon line diverged from its line of desktop processors, which at the time was using the Pentium branding.
In system programming, an interrupt is a signal to the processor emitted by hardware or software indicating an event that needs immediate attention.
In a computer, an interrupt request (or IRQ) is a hardware signal sent to the processor that temporarily stops a running program and allows a special program, an interrupt handler, to run instead.
The HP StorageWorks IO Accelerator is a type of solid-state drive in a mezzanine card form factor for HP's BladeSystem c-Class servers.
Input/output operations per second (IOPS, pronounced eye-ops) is an input/output performance measurement used to characterize computer storage devices like hard disk drives (HDD), solid state drives (SSD), and storage area networks (SAN).
Itanium is a family of 64-bit Intel microprocessors that implement the Intel Itanium architecture (formerly called IA-64).
Ivy Bridge is the codename for the "third generation" of the Intel Core processors (Core i7, i5, i3).
is a Japanese corporation specializing in the manufacture and sales of electrical connectors such as high speed LVDS, HDMI, PCI express, high density, micro coaxial, and Board to board connectors.
FS5000 or FS5K may also refer to Feature Server 5000 by Alcatel-Lucent.
JMicron Technology Corporation is a Taiwanese fabless technology design house based in Hsinchu, Taiwan.
Juniper J-Series is a series of enterprise routers designed and manufactured by Juniper Networks.
Kaby Lake is an Intel codename for a processor microarchitecture Intel announced on August 30, 2016.
Kodi (formerly XBMC) is a free and open-source media player software application developed by the XBMC Foundation, a non-profit technology consortium.
A laptop, also called a notebook computer or just notebook, is a small, portable personal computer with a "clamshell" form factor, having, typically, a thin LCD or LED computer screen mounted on the inside of the upper lid of the "clamshell" and an alphanumeric keyboard on the inside of the lower lid.
In computing, legacy mode is a state in which a computer system, component, or software application behaves in a way different from its standard operation in order to support older software, data, or expected behavior.
Lenovo’s line of ‘Essential’ desktops is a collection of budget-conscious machines designed for consumers, and advertised as being "affordable, space saving, and energy efficient".
LGA 1155, also called Socket H2, is a socket used for Intel microprocessors based on Sandy Bridge(2k) and Ivy Bridge(3k) microarchitectures.
LGA 1156, also known as Socket H or H1, is an Intel desktop CPU socket.
LGA 1356 (Land Grid Array with 1356 pins), also called Socket B2, is an Intel microprocessor socket released in Q1 2012 for the two processor (2P) segment of the server market.
LGA 2011, also called Socket R, is a CPU socket by Intel.
In computing, a linear-feedback shift register (LFSR) is a shift register whose input bit is a linear function of its previous state.
In computing, Linux-IO (LIO) Target is an open-source implementation of the SCSI target that has become the standard one included in the Linux kernel.
(Main list of acronyms).
This is a list of microprocessors designed by Advanced Micro Devices, under the AMD Accelerated Processing Unit product series.
This is an overview of chipsets sold under the brand AMD, manufactured before May 2004 by the company itself, before the adoption of open platform approach as well as chipsets manufactured by ATI Technologies (ATI) after July 2006 as the completion of the ATI acquisition.
This page contains general information about GPUs and video cards by Advanced Micro Devices (AMD), including those by ATI Technologies before 2006, based on official specifications in table form.
AMD used Kite Refresh as the codenamed for the second-generation AMD mobile platform introduced in February 2007.
The AMD Ryzen family is an x86-64 microprocessor family from AMD, based on the Zen microarchitecture.
This is a partial list of expansion bus interfaces, or expansion card slots, for installation of expansion cards.
Computer hardware and software standards are technical standards instituted for compatibility and interoperability between software, systems, platforms and devices.
This is a list of computing and IT acronyms and abbreviations.
During the dot-com/internet bubble of the late 1990s and early 2000, the proliferation of many dot-com start-up companies created a secondary bubble in the telecommunications/computer networking infrastructure and telecommunications service provider markets.
The Intel Atom is Intel's line of low-power, low-cost and low-performance x86 and x86-64 microprocessors.
This article provides a list of motherboard chipsets made by Intel, divided into three main categories: those that use the PCI bus for interconnection (the 4xx series), those that connect using specialized "hub links" (the 8xx series), and those that connect using PCI Express (the 9xx series).
Intel has historically named integrated circuit (IC) development projects after geographical names of towns, rivers or mountains near the location of the Intel facility responsible for the IC.
The Intel Pentium brand refers to mainstream x86-architecture microprocessors from Intel.
This is a list of interface bit rates, is a measure of information transfer rates, or digital bandwidth capacity, at which digital interfaces in a computer or network can communicate over various kinds of buses and channels.
This is a list and comparison of devices designed and marketed by Apple Inc. that run a Unix-like operating system named iOS, often colloquially referred to simply as iDevices.
This is a list of computer motherboard chipsets made by VIA Technologies.
In computing, a logic block or configurable logic block (CLB) is a fundamental building block of field-programmable gate array (FPGA) technology.
is an arcade-based fantasy collectible card game developed by Think Garage and distributed by Square Enix in which players control combat cards on an arcade play surface.
Low-voltage differential signaling, or LVDS, also known as TIA/EIA-644, is a technical standard that specifies electrical characteristics of a differential, serial communications protocol.
LSI Corporation was an American company based in San Jose, California which designed semiconductors and software that accelerate storage and networking in data centers, mobile networks and client computing.
Lynnfield is the code name for a quad-core processor from Intel released in September 2009.
M.2, formerly known as the Next Generation Form Factor (NGFF), is a specification from 2013 for internally mounted computer expansion cards and associated connectors.
The Mac mini (marketed and branded with lowercase "mini" as Mac mini) is a small desktop computer manufactured by Apple Inc. Like earlier mini-ITX PC designs, it is square and tall.
The Mac Pro is a series of workstation and server computers designed, manufactured and sold by Apple Inc. since 2006.
The MacBook is a line of Macintosh portable computers introduced in March 2015 by Apple Inc.
The MacBook Pro (sometimes abbreviated as MBP) is a line of Macintosh portable computers introduced in January 2006 by Apple Inc.
Hardware of the Macintosh (or Mac) is produced solely by Apple Inc., who determines internal systems, designs, and prices.
Management Component Transport Protocol (MCTP) is a protocol designed by the Distributed Management Task Force (DMTF) to support communications between different intelligent hardware components that make up a platform management subsystem, providing monitoring and control functions inside a managed computer system.
Manycore processors are specialist multi-core processors designed for a high degree of parallel processing, containing a large number of simpler, independent processor cores (e.g. 10s, 100s, or 1,000s).
The G400 is a video card made by Matrox, released in September 1999.
Avid Media Composer is a film and video non-linear editing system (NLE) and is the flagship product of Avid Technology.
Message Signaled Interrupts (MSI) are an alternative in-band method of signaling an interrupt, using special in-band messages to replace traditional out-of-band assertion of dedicated interrupt lines.
Micro Channel architecture, or the Micro Channel bus, was a proprietary 16- or 32-bit parallel computer bus introduced by IBM in 1987 which was used on PS/2 and other computers until the mid-1990s.
microATX (sometimes referred to as µATX, uATX or mATX) is a standard for motherboards that was introduced in December 1997.
Microsemi Corporation was an Aliso Viejo, California-based provider of semiconductor and system solutions for aerospace & defense, communications, data center and industrial markets.
A data center 64 bit microserver is a server class computer which is based on a system on a chip (SoC).
Microsoft Surface is a series of touchscreen Windows personal computers and interactive whiteboards designed and developed by Microsoft.
The Microsoft Windows operating system supports a form of shared libraries known as "dynamic-link libraries", which are code libraries that can be used by multiple processes while only one copy is loaded into memory.
Microstrip is a type of electrical transmission line which can be fabricated using printed circuit board technology, and is used to convey microwave-frequency signals.
MicroTCA is an open standard embedded computing specification created by PICMG.
The Mini DisplayPort (MiniDP or mDP) is a miniaturized version of the DisplayPort audio-visual digital interface.
Mini-ITX is a motherboard, developed by VIA Technologies in 2001.
Mini-STX (aka Mini Socket Technology EXtended, Intel 5x5) is a motherboard form factor that supports upgradable processors.
MiniCard, Minicard, Mini-Card or Mini-card may refer to.
MIPI Alliance is a global, open membership organization that develops interface specifications for the mobile ecosystem including mobile-influenced industries.
Since 1985, numerous processors implementing some version of the MIPS architecture have been designed and widely used.
A Mobile PCI Express Module (MXM) is an interconnect standard for GPUs (MXM Graphics Modules) in laptops using PCI Express created by MXM-SIG.
Molex connector is the vernacular term for a two-piece pin and socket interconnection.
Monokub (Монокуб) is a computer motherboard based on the Russian Elbrus 2000 computer architecture, which form the basis for the Monoblock PC office workstation.
A motherboard (sometimes alternatively known as the mainboard, system board, baseboard, planar board or logic board, or colloquially, a mobo) is the main printed circuit board (PCB) found in general purpose microcomputers and other expandable systems.
Mpact-2 is a 125 MHz vector-processing graphics, audio and video media processor, a second generation in the Mpact family of Chromatic Research media processors, which can be used only as a co-processor to the main Central Processing Unit (CPU) of a microcomputer.
A Multi-Gigabit Transceiver (MGT) is a SerDes capable of operating at serial bit rates above 1 Gigabit/second.
A multichannel analyzer (MCA) is a laboratory instrument used to analyze an input signal that primarily consists of pulses.
A multidrop bus (MDB) is a computer bus in which all components are connected to the electrical circuit.
The Namco System N2 arcade platform runs on an nForce2-based motherboard that NVIDIA developed.
Nehalem is the codename for an Intel processor microarchitecture released in November 2008.
A network interface controller (NIC, also known as a network interface card, network adapter, LAN adapter or physical network interface, and by similar terms) is a computer hardware component that connects a computer to a computer network.
Network performance refers to measures of service quality of a network as seen by the customer.
Next Unit of Computing (NUC) is a small-form-factor personal computer designed by Intel.
NextIO, Inc was an information technology company based in Austin, Texas, providing solutions for PCIe expansion and I/O virtualization for traditional data centers and HPC environments.
The nForce 500 is a motherboard chipset series and the successor to the nForce4 series.
The nForce 600 chipset was released in the first half of November 2006, coinciding with the GeForce 8 series launch on November 8, 2006.
The nForce4 is a motherboard chipset released by Nvidia in October, 2004.
A northbridge or host bridge is one of the two chips in the core logic chipset architecture on a PC motherboard, the other being the southbridge.
NuBus (pron. 'New Bus') is a 32-bit parallel computer bus, originally developed at MIT and standardized in 1987 as a part of the NuMachine workstation project.
NVIDIA's BR02 "High Speed Interconnect" (often abbreviated to "HSI") chip was used in their early PCI Express graphics cards, where it acted as a bridge between the PCI Express connection to the computer and the natively AGP GPU.
The Nvidia Quadro Plex is an external graphics processing unit (Visual Computing System) designed for large-scale 3D visualizations.
NVLink is a wire-based communications protocol serial multi-lane near-range communication link developed by Nvidia.
NVM Express (NVMe) or Non-Volatile Memory Host Controller Interface Specification (NVMHCIS) is an open logical device interface specification for accessing non-volatile storage media attached via a PCI Express (PCIe) bus.
OCZ is a brand of Toshiba that is used for some of its solid-state drives (SSDs).
The Open Graphics Project (OGP) was founded with the goal to design an open-source hardware / open architecture and standard for graphics cards, primarily targeting free software / open-source operating systems.
An optical link is a telecommunications link that consists of a single end-to-end optical circuit.
Parallel SCSI (formally, SCSI Parallel Interface, or SPI) is the earliest of the interface implementations in the SCSI family.
In computing, PC Card is a configuration for computer parallel communication peripheral interface, designed for laptop computers.
PC games, also known as computer games or personal computer games, are video games played on a personal computer rather than a dedicated video game console or arcade machine.
PC/104 (or PC104) is a family of embedded computer standards which define both form factors and computer buses.
PCI may refer to.
PCI configuration space is the underlying way that the Conventional PCI, PCI-X and PCI Express perform auto configuration of the cards inserted into their bus.
PCI Express (Peripheral Component Interconnect Express), officially abbreviated as PCIe or PCI-e, is a high-speed serial computer expansion bus standard, designed to replace the older PCI, PCI-X, and AGP bus standards.
PCI eXtensions for Instrumentation (PXI) is one of several modular electronic instrumentation platforms in current use.
A PCI Mezzanine Card or PMC is a printed circuit board assembly manufactured to the IEEE P1386.1 standard.
The PCI-SIG or Peripheral Component Interconnect Special Interest Group is an electronics industry consortium responsible for specifying the Peripheral Component Interconnect (PCI), PCI-X, and PCI Express (PCIe) computer buses.
PCI-X, short for Peripheral Component Interconnect eXtended, is a computer bus and expansion card standard that enhances the 32-bit PCI local bus for higher bandwidth demanded mostly by servers and workstations.
The PCI/104-Express™ specification establishes a standard to use the high-speed PCI Express bus in embedded applications.
PEG or peg may refer to.
PEG Link Mode (PCI Express Graphics Link Mode) is a feature available in the BIOS of some ASUS motherboards, which automatically overclocks the video card by a small amount.
Perle Systems is a technology company that develops and manufactures serial to Ethernet, fiber to Ethernet, I/O connectivity and device networking equipment.
A personal computer (PC) is a multi-purpose computer whose size, capabilities, and price make it feasible for individual use.
A physics processing unit (PPU) is a dedicated microprocessor designed to handle the calculations of physics, especially in the physics engine of video games.
The PCI Industrial Computer Manufacturers Group (PICMG) is a consortium of over 150 companies.
PICMG 1.3 is a PICMG specification which is commonly referred to as SHB Express.
Pico Technology is a UK-based manufacturer of high-precision PC-based oscilloscopes and automotive diagnostics equipment, founded in 1991.
PicoScope is computer software for real-time signal acquisition of Pico Technology oscilloscopes.
PL-3 or POS-PHY Level 3 is a network protocol.
PL-4 or POS-PHY Level 4 was the name of the interface that the interface SPI-4.2 is based on.
The Platform Controller Hub (PCH) is a family of Intel chipsets, introduced circa 2008.
In computing, a plug and play (PnP) device or computer bus, is one with a specification that facilitates the discovery of a hardware component in a system without the need for physical device configuration or user intervention in resolving resource conflicts.
PLX Technology was a manufacturer of integrated circuits focused on PCI Express and ethernet technologies.
In computing, a POST card is a plug-in interface card that displays progress and error codes generated during power-on self-test (POST) of a computer.
The Power Mac G5 is a series of personal computers designed, manufactured, and sold by Apple Computer, Inc. from 2003 to 2006 as part of the Power Mac series.
The Power Macintosh, later Power Mac, is a family of personal computers that were designed, manufactured, and sold by Apple Computer, Inc. as part of its Macintosh brand from March 1994 until August 2006.
A power supply unit (or PSU) converts mains AC to low-voltage regulated DC power for the internal components of a computer.
POWER8 is a family of superscalar symmetric multiprocessors based on the Power Architecture, announced in August 2013 at the Hot Chips conference.
Dell PowerEdge VRTX is a computer hardware product line from Dell.
The PowerPC 970, PowerPC 970FX, PowerPC 970GX, and PowerPC 970MP, are 64-bit Power Architecture processors from IBM introduced in 2002.
The PowerPC e600 is a family of 32-bit Power Architecture microprocessor cores developed by Freescale for primary use in high performance system-on-a-chip (SoC) designs with speed ranging over 2 GHz, thus making them ideal for high performance routing and telecommunications applications.
Pro Tools is a digital audio workstation developed and released by Avid Technology for Microsoft Windows and macOS which can be used for a wide range of sound recording and sound production purposes.
The Protected Media Path is a set of technologies creating a "Protected Environment," first included in Microsoft's Windows Vista operating system, that is used to enforce digital rights management (or DRM) protections on content.
PWRficient is the name of a series of microprocessors designed by P.A. Semi where the PA6T-1682M was the only one that became an actual product.
QEMU (short for Quick Emulator) is a free and open-source emulator that performs hardware virtualization.
QorIQ is a brand of ARM Architecture and Power Architecture-based communications microprocessors from NXP Semiconductors (formerly Freescale).
QPACE 2 (QCD Parallel Computing Engine) is a massively parallel and scalable supercomputer.
Qseven, a computer-on-module (COM) form factor, is a small, highly integrated computer module that can be used in a design application much like an integrated circuit component.
Quartz Compositor is the display server (and at the same time the compositing window manager) in macOS.
Radeon is a brand of computer products, including graphics processing units, random-access memory, RAM disk software, and solid-state drives, produced by Radeon Technologies Group (formerly AMD Vision), a division of Advanced Micro Devices.
The graphics processing unit (GPU) codenamed Radeon R600 is the foundation of the Radeon HD 2000 series and the FireGL 2007 series video cards developed by ATI Technologies.
The Radeon R700 is the engineering codename for a graphics processing unit series developed by Advanced Micro Devices under the ATI brand name.
Radeon Pro is AMD's brand of professional oriented GPUs.
The R520 (codenamed Fudo) is a Graphics processing unit (GPU) developed by ATI Technologies and produced by TSMC.
ATI released the Radeon X300 and X600 boards.
The Radeon X700 (RV410) series replaced the X600 in September 2004.
Radeon X800 is a series of graphics cards designed by ATI Technologies Inc. introduced at the end of 2004.
Ralink Technology, Corp. was a Wi-Fi chipset manufacturer mainly known for their IEEE 802.11 (Wireless LAN) chipsets.
The RapidIO architecture is a high-performance packet-switched, interconnect technology.
Reconfigurable computing is a computer architecture combining some of the flexibility of software with the high performance of hardware by processing with very flexible high speed computing fabrics like field-programmable gate arrays (FPGAs).
Reliability, availability and serviceability (RAS) is a computer hardware engineering term involving reliability engineering, high availability, and serviceability design.
RMI Corporation, formerly Raza Microelectronics, Inc., was a privately held fabless semiconductor company headquartered in Cupertino, California, which specialized in designing system-on-a-chip processors for computer networking (known as network processors) and consumer media applications.
Rock (or ROCK) was a multithreading, multicore, SPARC microprocessor under development at Sun Microsystems.
In a PCI Express (PCIe) system, a root complex device connects the processor and memory subsystem to the PCI Express switch fabric composed of one or more switch devices.
S3 Graphics' Chrome series of graphics accelerators arrived in 2004 with the DeltaChrome line of chips.
S3 Graphics Chrome 400 is the successor of S3 Chrome S20 series.
Sam460ex is a line of modular motherboards produced by the Italian company ACube Systems Srl.
SATA Express (abbreviated from Serial ATA Express and sometimes unofficially shortened to SATAe) is a computer bus interface that supports both Serial ATA (SATA) and PCI Express (PCIe) storage devices, initially standardized in the SATA 3.2 specification.
Scalable Link Interface (SLI) is a brand name for a multi-GPU technology developed by Nvidia for linking two or more video cards together to produce a single output.
Scan-Line Interleave (SLI) from 3dfx is a method for linking two (or more) video cards or chips together to produce a single output.
Small Computer System Interface (SCSI) is a set of standards for physically connecting and transferring data between computers and peripheral devices.
There are a number of security and safety features new to Windows Vista, most of which are not available in any prior Microsoft Windows operating system release.
In electronic design a semiconductor intellectual property core, IP core, or IP block is a reusable unit of logic, cell, or integrated circuit (commonly called a "chip") layout design that is the intellectual property of one party.
Serial ATA (SATA, abbreviated from Serial AT Attachment) is a computer bus interface that connects host bus adapters to mass storage devices such as hard disk drives, optical drives, and solid-state drives.
In computing, Serial Attached SCSI (SAS) is a point-to-point serial protocol that moves data to and from computer-storage devices such as hard drives and tape drives.
In telecommunication and data transmission, serial communication is the process of sending data one bit at a time, sequentially, over a communication channel or computer bus.
Serial Digital Video Out (SDVO) is a proprietary Intel technology introduced with their 9xx-series of motherboard chipsets.
Signal integrity or SI is a set of measures of the quality of an electrical signal.
Silicon Integrated Systems (SiS) is a company that manufactures, among other things, motherboard chipsets.
Silicon Motion Technology Corporation (NasdaqGS: SIMO) is a company in developing NAND flash controller integrated circuits (ICs) for solid-state storage devices and specialty RF ICs for mobile devices.
In virtualization, single root input/output virtualization or SR-IOV is a specification that allows the isolation of the PCI Express resources for manageability and performance reasons.
Singularity is a free, cross-platform and open-source computer program that performs operating-system-level virtualization also known as containerization.
Skylake is the codename used by Intel for a processor microarchitecture that was launched in August 2015 succeeding the Broadwell microarchitecture.
The Small Form Factor Special Interest Group or SFF-SIG (pronounced ess-eff-eff-sig) is an international non-profit standards body focused on modular computer hardware technologies used in embedded and small form factor computers and controllers.
SMARC (‘Smart Mobility ARChitecture’) is a specification published by the Standardization Group for Embedded Technologies e.V. (SGET) for computer-on-modules (COMs).
The Socket FS1b was branded Socket AM1, is a socket designed by AMD, launched in April 2014 for desktop SoCs in the value segment.
Socket AM4, also known as PGA 1331, is a microprocessor socket used by AMD's central processing units (CPUs) built on the Zen, Zen+ and Excavator microarchitectures.
Socket FM2+ (FM2b) is a CPU socket used by AMD's desktop "Kaveri" APUs (Steamroller-based) and Godavari APUs (Steamroller-based) to connect to the motherboard.
The Socket FP3 or µBGA906 is a CPU socket for Notebooks that was released in June 2014 by AMD with its mobility APU products codenamed Kaveri.
Software-defined memory (SDM) is the new convergence of storage and memory, which previously were two separate computing domains.
Solid State Logic (SSL) is a manufacturer of high-end mixing consoles and recording studio hardware headquartered in Begbroke, Oxfordshire, England.
A solid-state drive (SSD) is a solid-state storage device that uses integrated circuit assemblies as memory to store data persistently.
Solid-state storage (sometimes abbreviated as SSS) is a type of non-volatile computer storage that stores and retrieves digital information using only electronic circuits, without any involvement of moving mechanical parts.
Sonic Core is a German developer of digital audio systems, that in 2007 took over some of the assets of Creamware, and continues to support, manufacture and develop the Scope DSP hardware platform and associated software that was originally developed by that company.
The Sound Blaster family of sound cards was the de facto standard for consumer audio on the IBM PC compatible system platform, until the widespread transition to Microsoft Windows 95, which standardized the programming interface at application level (eliminating the importance of backward compatibility with Sound Blaster), and the evolution in PC design led to onboard motherboard-audio, which commoditized PC audio functionality.
Sound Blaster Audigy is a product line of sound cards from Creative Technology.
Sound Blaster X-Fi is a lineup of sound cards in Creative Technology's Sound Blaster series.
A sound card (also known as an audio card) is an internal expansion card that provides input and output of audio signals to and from a computer under control of computer programs.
The southbridge is one of the two chips in the core logic chipset on a personal computer (PC) motherboard, the other being the northbridge.
The SPARC T3 microprocessor (previously known as UltraSPARC T3, codenamed Rainbow Falls, and also known as UltraSPARC KT or Niagara-3 during development) is a multithreading, multi-core CPU produced by Oracle Corporation (previously Sun Microsystems).
The SPARC64 V (Zeus) is a SPARC V9 microprocessor designed by Fujitsu.
Spectrum Signal Processing by Vecima is a technology company and commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) product provider, based in Vancouver, British Columbia.
SpursEngine is a microprocessor from Toshiba built as a media oriented coprocessor, designed for 3D- and video processing in consumer electronics such as set-top boxes and computers.
sTec is an American computer data storage technology company headquartered in California,Bloomberg BusinessWeek.
Stream processing is a computer programming paradigm, equivalent to dataflow programming, event stream processing, and reactive programming, that allows some applications to more easily exploit a limited form of parallel processing.
Stub Series Terminated Logic (SSTL) is a group of electrical standards for driving transmission lines commonly used with DRAM based DDR memory IC's and memory modules.
The Sun Fire X4500 data server (code named Thumper) integrates server and storage technologies.
Neptune, also known as Sun Multithreaded 10 GbE, is a dual 10 Gbit/s, multithreaded, PCIe x8-based network interface controller for 10 Gigabit Ethernet.
Surf Communication Solutions develops a suite of hardware and software products that drives a wide variety of applications whose common goal is high-capacity distribution of voice and video.
The fifth-generation Surface Pro (marketed as the Surface Pro, referred to as Surface Pro 1796 on Microsoft's support site, colloquially referred to as the Surface Pro 2017) is a Surface-series 2-in-1 detachable hybrid notebook computer, designed, developed, marketed, and produced by Microsoft.
Switched Fabric or switching fabric is a network topology in which network nodes interconnect via one or more network switches (particularly crossbar switches).
SxS (S-by-S) is a flash memory standard compliant to the Sony and SanDisk-created ExpressCard standard.
PICMG 1.3 SHB and Backplane System Host Board is a term applied to a single-board computer meeting the PICMG 1.3 specification.
The System Management Bus (abbreviated to SMBus or SMB) is a single-ended simple two-wire bus for the purpose of lightweight communication.
The System Packet Interface (SPI) family of Interoperability Agreements from the Optical Internetworking Forum specify chip-to-chip, channelized, packet interfaces commonly used in synchronous optical networking and Ethernet applications.
Tagged Command Queuing (TCQ) is a technology built into certain ATA and SCSI hard drives.
The Taito Type X is an arcade system board released by Taito Corporation in 2004.
Tarari is a company that spun out of Intel in 2002.
Windows Vista (formerly codenamed Windows "Longhorn") has many significant new features compared with previous Microsoft Windows versions, covering most aspects of the operating system.
Telenet was an American commercial packet switched network which went into service in 1974.
Teradici is a privately held software company founded in 2004, with head offices in Metropolitan Vancouver, BC and Santa Clara, CA.
Thunderbolt is the brand name of a hardware interface standard developed by Intel (in collaboration with Apple) that allows the connection of external peripherals to a computer.
TILE64 is a multicore processor manufactured by Tilera.
TILEPro64 is a multicore processor (Tile processor) manufactured by Tilera.
Timeline of Indian Innovation encompasses key events in the history of technology in the subcontinent historically referred to as India and the modern Indian state.
Titan or OLCF-3 is a supercomputer built by Cray at Oak Ridge National Laboratory for use in a variety of science projects. Titan is an upgrade of Jaguar, a previous supercomputer at Oak Ridge, that uses graphics processing units (GPUs) in addition to conventional central processing units (CPUs). Titan is the first such hybrid to perform over 10 petaFLOPS. The upgrade began in October 2011, commenced stability testing in October 2012 and it became available to researchers in early 2013. The initial cost of the upgrade was US$60 million, funded primarily by the United States Department of Energy. Titan is due to be eclipsed at Oak Ridge by Summit in 2019, which is being built by IBM and features fewer nodes with much greater GPU capability per node as well as local per-node non-volatile caching of file data from the system's parallel file system. Titan employs AMD Opteron CPUs in conjunction with Nvidia Tesla GPUs to improve energy efficiency while providing an order of magnitude increase in computational power over Jaguar. It uses 18,688 CPUs paired with an equal number of GPUs to perform at a theoretical peak of 27 petaFLOPS; in the LINPACK benchmark used to rank supercomputers' speed, it performed at 17.59 petaFLOPS. This was enough to take first place in the November 2012 list by the TOP500 organization, but Tianhe-2 overtook it on the June 2013 list. Titan is available for any scientific purpose; access depends on the importance of the project and its potential to exploit the hybrid architecture. Any selected programs must also be executable on other supercomputers to avoid sole dependence on Titan. Six vanguard programs were the first selected. They dealt mostly with molecular scale physics or climate models, while 25 others were queued behind them. The inclusion of GPUs compelled authors to alter their programs. The modifications typically increased the degree of parallelism, given that GPUs offer many more simultaneous threads than CPUs. The changes often yield greater performance even on CPU-only machines.
TLP may refer to.
Tolapai is the code name of Intel's embedded system-on-a-chip (SoC) which combines an Pentium M (Dothan) processor core, DDR2 memory controllers and I/O controllers, and a QuickAssist integrated accelerator unit for security functions.
Torrenza was an initiative announced by Advanced Micro Devices (AMD) in 2006 to improve support for the integration of specialized coprocessors in systems based on AMD Opteron microprocessors.
In computer technology, transfers per second and its more common secondary terms gigatransfers per second (abbreviated as GT/s) and megatransfers per second (MT/s) are informal language that refer to the number of operations transferring data that occur in each second in some given data-transfer channel.
NVIDIA's TurboCache technology is a method of allowing video cards more available framebuffer memory by using both onboard video memory and main system memory.
Turris Omnia is a crowdfunded open-source SOHO network router developed by the CZ.NIC association.
A TV tuner card is a kind of television tuner that allows television signals to be received by a computer.
The ULLtraDIMM is a solid state storage device from SanDisk that connects flash storage directly onto the DDR3 memory bus.
Sun Microsystems' UltraSPARC T2 microprocessor is a multithreading, multi-core CPU.
Uncompressed video is digital video that either has never been compressed or was generated by decompressing previously compressed digital video.
UniPro (or Unified Protocol) is a high-speed interface technology for interconnecting integrated circuits in mobile and mobile-influenced electronics.
Universal Audio Architecture (UAA) is an initiative unveiled in 2002 by Microsoft to standardize the hardware and class driver architecture for audio devices in modern Microsoft Windows operating systems.
Universal Graphics Module is a proposed standard for graphics card modules used in embedded and industrial computer systems.
The University of New Hampshire InterOperability Laboratory (UNH-IOL) is an independent test facility that provides interoperability and standards conformance testing for networking, telecommunications, data storage, and consumer technology products.
USB (abbreviation of Universal Serial Bus), is an industry standard that was developed to define cables, connectors and protocols for connection, communication, and power supply between personal computers and their peripheral devices.
This article provides information about the physical aspects of Universal Serial Bus, USB: connectors, cabling, and power.
USB 3.0 is the third major version of the Universal Serial Bus (USB) standard for interfacing computers and electronic devices.
VAIO Corporation (standing for Visual Audio Intelligent Organizer), which is headquartered in Azumino, Nagano in Japan, is a manufacturer of personal computers.
A very-high-density cable interconnect (VHDCI) is a 68-pin connector that was introduced in the SPI-3 document of SCSI-3.
The VESA Local Bus (usually abbreviated to VL-Bus or VLB) was a short-lived expansion bus that was mostly used in personal computers.
A video card (also called a display card, graphics card, display adapter or graphics adapter) is an expansion card which generates a feed of output images to a display (such as a computer monitor).
A video display controller or VDC (also regularly called display engine, display interface) is an integrated circuit which is the main component in a video signal generator, a device responsible for the production of a TV video signal in a computing or game system.
Virident Systems is a computer systems company headquartered in Milpitas, California, that designs and builds computer data storage products.
Virtex is the flagship family of FPGA products developed by Xilinx.
Virtium Solid State Storage and Memory (formerly known as Virtium Technology) is a privately held American maker of semiconductor memory and solid-state disk products for data storage in industrial/machine-to-machine designs and embedded systems (including small-footprint embedded designs) and Industrial Internet of Things (IIOT) applications.
Volta, an Nvidia-developed GPU microarchitecture codename, succeeds Pascal and was announced as a future roadmap ambition in March 2013.
VPX technology was presented at Bus&Board (VITA) in 2004.
VMEBus Switched Serial, commonly known as VXS, is an ANSI standard (ANSI/VITA 41) that improves the performance of standard parallel VMEbus by enhancing it to support newer switched serial fabrics.
Westmere (formerly Nehalem-C) is the name given to the 32 nm die shrink of Nehalem.
In computer hardware, a white box is a personal computer or server without a well-known brand name.
WindowsSCOPE is a memory forensics and reverse engineering product for Windows used for acquiring and analyzing volatile memory.
A wireless network interface controller (WNIC) is a network interface controller which connects to a wireless radio-based computer network, rather than a wired network, such as Token Ring or Ethernet.
X1 or X-1 may refer to:;Vehicles.
X2 may refer to.
X32 may refer to.
X4, X-4 or x4 may refer to.
In computing, x86 virtualization refers to hardware virtualization for the x86 architecture.
Xeon is a brand of x86 microprocessors designed, manufactured, and marketed by Intel, targeted at the non-consumer workstation, server, and embedded system markets.
The Xeon D is a brand of x86 system on a chip designed, manufactured, and marketed by Intel, targeted at the microserver market.
Xeon Phi is a series of x86 manycore processors designed and made entirely by Intel.
The Radeon Xpress 200 is a computer chipset released by ATI.
The Xpress 3200 is a new revision of the Xpress 200 computer chipset released by ATI.
XQD card is a memory card format primarily developed for flash memory cards.
Xserve is a line of rack unit computers designed by Apple Inc. for use as servers.
XTX is a computer-on-module (COM) standard for x86-based embedded devices.
The ZEGO ("Zest to go") is a rackmount server platform built by Sony, targeted for the video post-production and broadcast markets.
Zen is the codename for a computer processor microarchitecture from AMD, and was first used with their Ryzen series of CPUs in February 2017.
Zhaoxin (Shanghai Zhaoxin Semiconductor Co., Ltd.) is a fabless semiconductor company, created in 2013 as a joint venture between VIA Technologies and the Shanghai Municipal Government.
In computing, the term 3 GB barrier refers to a limitation of some 32-bit operating systems running on x86 microprocessors.
3D XPoint (pronounced three dee cross point) is a non-volatile memory (NVM) technology by Intel and Micron Technology; it was announced in July 2015 and is available on the open market under brand names Optane (Intel) and subsequently QuantX (Micron) since April 2017.
3dfx Interactive was a company headquartered in San Jose, California, founded in 1994, that specialized in the manufacturing of 3D graphics processing units, and later, graphics cards.
In data networking and transmission, 64b/66b is a line code that transforms 64-bit data to 66-bit line code to provide enough state changes to allow reasonable clock recovery and alignment of the data stream at the receiver.
In telecommunications, 8b/10b is a line code that maps 8-bit words to 10-bit symbols to achieve DC-balance and bounded disparity, and yet provide enough state changes to allow reasonable clock recovery.
3GIO, 3rd Generation I/O, Arapaho (Computer Bus), Cabled PCI Express, Cabled pci express, EPCIe, External PCI Express, FHHL, Fhhl, HHHL, Hhhl, M-PCIe, Mini PCI Express, Mini PCI-E, Mini PCIE, Mini PCIe, Mini-PCI Express, Mini-PCIe, MiniPCIe, Mobile PCI Express, Mobile PCIe, OCuLink, PCI E, PCI Express 1.0, PCI Express 1.0a, PCI Express 1.1, PCI Express 2, PCI Express 2.0, PCI Express 2.1, PCI Express 3, PCI Express 3.0, PCI Express 3.1, PCI Express 4.0, PCI Express External Cabling, PCI Express Mini, PCI Express Mini Card, PCI Express PHY, PCI Express cable, PCI Express card, PCI Express interconnect, PCI Express lane, PCI Express link, PCI Express switch, PCI express, PCI express card, PCI-E, PCI-Express, PCI-Express mini, PCI-e, PCI-express, PCIE, PCIEPHY, PCIe, PCIe 1.0, PCIe 1.0a, PCIe 1.1, PCIe 2.0, PCIe 2.1, PCIe 3.0, PCIe 4.0, PCIe Mini Card, PCIe PHY, PCIe switch, Pci E, Pci express, Pci express 2, Pci-e, Pci-express, Peripheral Component Interconnect Express.