252 relations: Aam panna, Abacá, Adansonia, Aerobic methane production, Agar, Ahnenerbe, Althaea (plant), Anne Frank, Annurca, Apiose, Apple, Apple juice, Apple sauce, Arabinose, Armillaria luteobubalina, Arnold Orville Beckman, Arthrobotrys oligospora, Aspergillus awamori, ATC code A07, Baking, Banana, Bast fibre, Berberis vulgaris, Bergenia crassifolia, Bitter orange, Blackcurrant, Blueberry, Boletus edulis, Botany, Bran, Bulk vending, Butyric acid, Calcium in biology, Campanino, Candy, Carbohydrate, Carissa carandas, Carrageenan, Cat food, Cell wall, Cell wall associated kinase, Cellulose, Cellulose fiber, Cellulose synthase (UDP-forming), Chaenomeles, Cheese soup, Chocolate, Christopher Busby, Christopher Hutton, Cider mill, ..., Cigarette, Circus peanut, Citron, Citron melon, Citrus, Clarification and stabilization of wine, Coffee wastewater, Confectionery, Cotton, Crataegus mexicana, Cystolith, Cytokinesis, D-Galacturonic acid, Dandelion coffee, Demulcent, Dewatering screw press, Dietary fiber, Dissolving pulp, Dressing (medical), Dumping syndrome, E number, Earthen plaster, Edith Frank, Emulsion stabilization using polyelectrolytes, Endomembrane system, Ethanol precipitation, Eukaryote, Exoenzyme, Extracellular digestion, Extracellular matrix, Eyespot (wheat), Fat substitute, Felix Ehrlich, Ferulic acid, Fibril, Finings, Firming agent, Flavr Savr, Food additive, Food chemistry, Food Paradise, Frankia alni, Fruit Gems, Fruit preserves, Fruit Roll-Ups, Frustule, Galiella, Galiella rufa, Gelatin, Gelatin dessert, Gelling sugar, Genetically modified tomato, Glossary of botanical terms, Glossary of winemaking terms, Glossostemon bruguieri, Glycoside hydrolase family 78, Grapefruit, Guava, Gumdrop, Gummy bear, Gwapyeon, H. P. Bulmer, Haemagglutinin-esterase fusion glycoprotein, Hedera helix, Helen Porter, Hemicellulose, Henri Braconnot, Hot Tamales, Hypericum perforatum, International Numbering System for Food Additives, Jelly bean, Jute cultivation, Kaopectate, KduI/IolB isomerase family, Ketchup, Kosher foods, Krapp's Last Tape, Lacing (drugs), Lignin, Lille Skensved, List of chocolate-covered foods, List of food additives, List of Greek and Latin roots in English/P, List of MeSH codes (D05), List of MeSH codes (D09), List of MeSH codes (D20), List of phytochemicals in food, List of strawberry dishes, List of words having different meanings in American and British English (A–L), Loquat, Louis Nicolas Vauquelin, Lucy Does a TV Commercial, Luden's, Maclura pomifera, Malus, Malus fusca, Mammea americana, Marmalade, Methanol, Middle lamella, Modified citrus pectin, Molecular gastronomy, Mucigel, Mucilaginibacter paludis, Mycena galopus, Nazi human experimentation, Necrosis, Neutral Detergent Fiber, Nixtamalization, Non-Newtonian fluid, Opekta, Orange (fruit), Ostomy pouching system, Palygorskite, Papaya, Pecten, Pectic acid, Pectin lyase, Pectinase, Pectinate, Pectinesterase, Pepper jelly, Percy Pig, Physalis, Pinnularia, Plant, Plant cell, Polyelectrolyte, Polygalacturonase, Polysaccharide, Pomace, Prebiotic (nutrition), Preserving sugar, Pressing (wine), Quince, Redon, Ille-et-Vilaine, Retting, RG, RG1, Rhamnogalacturonan endolyase, Rhamnogalacturonan hydrolase, Rhamnogalacturonan-II, Rheology, Rhubarb, Root mucilage, Roselle (plant), Rumen, Ruminant, Russian cuisine, Ruthenium, Ruthenium red, Sagardotegi, Saprobiontic, Scalded milk, Scutching, Secondary cell wall, Setralit, Sigmund Rascher, Silvateam, Siraitia grosvenorii, Sjora, Soybean, Stabiliser (food), Stains-all, Steam juicer, Sugar, Sugar beet, Sugar candy, Sunkist Growers, Incorporated, Swedish cuisine, Syrup, Tamarillo, Tarnished plant bug, Telmatobacter, Tequila, The Diary of a Young Girl, The Living Planet, Thermoanaerobacter italicus, Thermococcus stetteri, Thickening agent, Throat lozenge, Tissue (biology), Tobamovirus, Tomatillo, Tomato paste, Tomato soup, Treponema socranskii, Vegetarian and vegan dog diet, Victor Kugler, Wall Associated Kinases (WAKs) - Pectin Receptors, Wall-Associated Kinase, Watermelon, Wet processing engineering, White wine, William F. Farley, XanGo, Yank Barry, Yeast in winemaking, Yogurt, Zefir (food), Zostera marina, 62 Cases of Jam v. United States. Expand index (202 more) » « Shrink index
Aam pana is an Indian drink renowned for its heat-resistant properties.
Abacá (Abaka), binomial name Musa textilis, is a species of banana native to the Philippines, grown as a commercial crop in the Philippines, Ecuador, and Costa Rica.
Adansonia is a genus of deciduous trees known as baobabs.
Aerobic methane production is a potential biological pathway for atmospheric methane (CH4) production under oxygenated conditions.
Agar (pronounced, sometimes) or agar-agar is a jelly-like substance, obtained from algae.
The Ahnenerbe (ancestral heritage) was a think tank that operated in Nazi Germany between 1935 and 1945.
Althaea is a genus of 6–12 species of perennial herbs native to Europe, North Africa and western Asia.
Annelies Marie Frank (12 June 1929 – February or March 1945)Research by The Anne Frank House in 2015 revealed that Frank may have died in February 1945 rather than in March, as Dutch authorities had long assumed.
'Annurca', pronounced in Italy, also called 'Anurka', is a historically old cultivar of domesticated apple native to Southern Italy, It is believed to be the one mentioned by Pliny the Elder in his Naturalis Historia, and in the 16th century by Gian Battista della Porta.
Apiose is a branched-chain sugar found as residues in galacturonans-type pectins; that occurs in parsley and many other plants.
An apple is a sweet, edible fruit produced by an apple tree (Malus pumila).
Apple juice is a fruit juice made by the maceration and pressing of an apple.
Apple sauce or applesauce is a sauce made of apples.
Arabinose is an aldopentose – a monosaccharide containing five carbon atoms, and including an aldehyde (CHO) functional group.
Armillaria luteobubalina, commonly known as the Australian honey fungus, is a species of mushroom in the family Physalacriaceae.
Arnold Orville Beckman (April 10, 1900 – May 18, 2004) was an American chemist, inventor, investor, and philanthropist.
Arthrobotrys oligospora was discovered in Europe in 1850 by Georg Fresenius.
Aspergillus awamori is a species of aspergillus that is used to make awamori.
Baking is a method of cooking food that uses prolonged dry heat, normally in an oven, but also in hot ashes, or on hot stones.
A banana is an edible fruit – botanically a berry – produced by several kinds of large herbaceous flowering plants in the genus Musa.
Bast fibre (also called phloem fibre or skin fibre) is plant fibre collected from the phloem (the "inner bark", sometimes called "skin") or bast surrounding the stem of certain dicotyledonous plants.
Berberis vulgaris, also known as common barberry, European barberry or simply barberry, is a shrub in the genus Berberis.
Bergenia crassifolia is a plant species in the genus Bergenia.
Bitter orange, Seville orange, sour orange, bigarade orange, or marmalade orange refers to a citrus tree (Citrus × aurantium) and its fruit.
The blackcurrant (Ribes nigrum) is a woody shrub in the family Grossulariaceae grown for its piquant berries.
Blueberries are perennial flowering plants with blue– or purple–colored berries.
Boletus edulis (English: penny bun, cep, porcino or porcini) is a basidiomycete fungus, and the type species of the genus Boletus.
Botany, also called plant science(s), plant biology or phytology, is the science of plant life and a branch of biology.
Bran, also known as miller's bran, is the hard outer layers of cereal grain.
Bulk vending is the sale of unsorted confections, nuts, gumballs, toys and novelties (in capsules) selected at random and dispensed generally through non-electrically operated vending machines.
Butyric acid (from βούτῡρον, meaning "butter"), also known under the systematic name butanoic acid, abbreviated BTA, is a carboxylic acid with the structural formula CH3CH2CH2-COOH.
Calcium ions (Ca2+) play a vital role in the physiology and biochemistry of organisms and the cell.
Campanino (mela campanina; in the Emilian dialect Mirandolese póm campanèn), also known as mela modenese,, or mela della nonna,, is a variety of the domestic apple.
Candy, also called sweets or lollies, is a confection that features sugar as a principal ingredient.
A carbohydrate is a biomolecule consisting of carbon (C), hydrogen (H) and oxygen (O) atoms, usually with a hydrogen–oxygen atom ratio of 2:1 (as in water); in other words, with the empirical formula (where m may be different from n).
Carissa carandas is a species of flowering shrub in the dogbane family Apocynaceae.
Carrageenans or carrageenins (from Irish, "little rock") are a family of linear sulfated polysaccharides that are extracted from red edible seaweeds.
Cat food is food for consumption by cats.
A cell wall is a structural layer surrounding some types of cells, just outside the cell membrane.
Cell wall associated kinases (WAKs) are receptor-like protein kinases, found in plant cell walls, that have the capability to transmit signals directly by their cytoplasmic kinase domains.
Cellulose is an organic compound with the formula, a polysaccharide consisting of a linear chain of several hundred to many thousands of β(1→4) linked D-glucose units.
Cellulose fibres are fibres made with ether or esters of cellulose, which can be obtained from the bark, wood or leaves of plants, or from a plant-based material.
In enzymology, a cellulose synthase (UDP-glucose:(1→4)-β-D-glucan 4-β-D-glucosyltransferase) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are UDP-glucose and n, whereas its two products are UDP and n+1.
Chaenomeles is a genus of three species of deciduous spiny shrubs, usually 1–3 m tall, in the family Rosaceae.
Cheese soup is a type of soup prepared using cheese as a primary ingredient, along with milk, broth and/or stock to form its basis.
Chocolate is a typically sweet, usually brown food preparation of Theobroma cacao seeds, roasted and ground.
Christopher Busby (born 1 September 1945) is a British scientist and expert on the health effects of internal ionising radiation.
Christopher William Clayton Hutton (1893–1965) a soldier, airman, journalist and inventor, was recruited as an intelligence officer to work for MI9, a branch of the British Military Intelligence, during the Second World War.
A cider mill is the location and equipment used to crush apples into apple juice for use in making apple cider, hard cider, applejack, apple wine, pectin and other products derived from apples.
A cigarette is a narrow cylinder containing tobacco that is rolled into thin paper for smoking.
Circus peanuts are peanut-shaped marshmallow candy.
The citron (Citrus medica) is a large fragrant citrus fruit with a thick rind.
The citron melon (Citrullus caffer) is a relative of the watermelon, also called Citrullus lanatus var.
Citrus is a genus of flowering trees and shrubs in the rue family, Rutaceae.
In winemaking, clarification and stabilization are the processes by which insoluble matter suspended in the wine is removed before bottling.
Coffee wastewater, also known as coffee effluent, is a byproduct of coffee processing.
Confectionery is the art of making confections, which are food items that are rich in sugar and carbohydrates.
Cotton is a soft, fluffy staple fiber that grows in a boll, or protective case, around the seeds of the cotton plants of the genus Gossypium in the mallow family Malvaceae.
Crataegus mexicana is a species of hawthorn known by the common names tejocote, manzanita, tejocotera and Mexican hawthorn.
Cystolith (Gr. "cavity" and "stone") is a botanical term for outgrowths of the epidermal cell wall, usually of calcium carbonate, formed in a cellulose matrix in special cells called lithocysts, generally in the leaf of plants.
Cytokinesis is the part of the cell division process during which the cytoplasm of a single eukaryotic cell divides into two daughter cells.
D-Galacturonic acid is a sugar acid, an oxidized form of D-galactose.
Dandelion 'coffee' (also dandelion tea) is herbal tea used as a coffee substitute, made from the root of the dandelion plant.
A demulcent (derived from the demulcere "caress") is an agent that forms a soothing film over a mucous membrane, relieving minor pain and inflammation of the membrane.
A Dewatering screw press is a screw press that separates liquids from solids.
Dietary fiber or roughage is the indigestible portion of food derived from plants.
Dissolving pulp, also called dissolving cellulose, is bleached wood pulp or cotton linters that has a high cellulose content (> 90%).
A dressing is a sterile pad or compress applied to a wound to promote healing and protect the wound from further harm.
Dumping syndrome occurs when food, especially sugar, moves too fast from the stomach to the duodenum—the first part of the small intestine—in the upper gastrointestinal (GI) tract.
E numbers are codes for substances that are permitted to be used as food additives for use within the European Union and EFTA.
Earthen plaster (adobe plaster, dagga) is a blend of clay, fine aggregate, and fiber.
Edith Frank (née Holländer; 16 January 1900 – 6 January 1945) was the mother of Holocaust diarist Anne Frank, and her older sister Margot.
Polyelectrolytes are charged polymers capable of stabilizing (or destabilizing) colloidal emulsions through electrostatic interactions.
The endomembrane system is composed of the different membranes that are suspended in the cytoplasm within a eukaryotic cell.
Ethanol precipitation is a method used to purify and/or concentrate RNA, DNA, and polysaccharides such as pectin and xyloglucan from aqueous solutions by adding ethanol as an antisolvent.
Eukaryotes are organisms whose cells have a nucleus enclosed within membranes, unlike Prokaryotes (Bacteria and other Archaea).
An exoenzyme, or extracellular enzyme, is an enzyme that is secreted by a cell and functions outside of that cell.
Extracellular digestion is a process in which saprobionts feed by secreting enzymes through the cell membrane onto the food.
In biology, the extracellular matrix (ECM) is a collection of extracellular molecules secreted by support cells that provides structural and biochemical support to the surrounding cells.
Eyespot is an important fungal disease of wheat caused by the necrotrophic fungus Tapesia yallundae (syn: Pseudocercosporella herpotrichoides; W-type; Oculimacula yallundae) and Tapesia acuformis (syn: Pseudocercosporella herpotrichoides; R-type; Oculimacula acuformis).
A fat substitute is a food product with the same functions, stability, physical, and chemical characteristics as regular fat, with fewer Calories per gram than fat.
Felix Ehrlich (born 1 June 1877 in Harriehausen (today incorporated in Bad Gandersheim), died in 1942 in Obernigk near Breslau) was a German chemist and biochemist.
Ferulic acid is a hydroxycinnamic acid, an organic compound.
Fibrils (from the Latin fibra) are structural biological materials found in nearly all living organisms.
FiningsThe term is a mass noun rather than a plural.
Firming agents are food additives added in order to precipitate residual pectin, thus strengthening the structure of the food and preventing its collapse during processing.
Flavr Savr (also known as CGN-89564-2; pronounced "flavor saver"), a genetically modified tomato, was the first commercially grown genetically engineered food to be granted a license for human consumption.
Food additives are substances added to food to preserve flavor or enhance its taste, appearance, or other qualities.
Food chemistry is the study of chemical processes and interactions of all biological and non-biological components of foods.
Food Paradise is a television series narrated by Jesse Blaze Snider (formerly by Mason Pettit) that features the best places to find various cuisines at food locations across America.
Frankia alni is a Gram-positive species of actinomycete filamentous bacterium that lives in symbiosis with actinorhizal plants in the genus Alnus.
Sunkist Fruit Gems are Half Dollar sized pectin candies.
Fruit preserves are preparations of fruits, vegetables and sugar, often canned or sealed for long-term storage.
Fruit Roll-Ups is a brand of fruit snack that debuted in grocery stores across America in 1983.
A frustule is the hard and porous cell wall or external layer of diatoms.
Galiella is a genus of fungi in the family Sarcosomataceae.
Galiella rufa, commonly known as the rubber cup, the rufous rubber cup, or the hairy rubber cup, is a species of fungus in the family Sarcosomataceae.
Gelatin or gelatine (from gelatus meaning "stiff", "frozen") is a translucent, colorless, brittle (when dry), flavorless food derived from collagen obtained from various animal body parts.
Gelatin desserts are desserts made with sweetened and flavored gelatin.
Gelling sugar or (British) Jam sugar or (US) Jelly sugar or sugar with pectin is a kind of sugar, which is used to produce preserves and which contains pectin as a gelling agent.
A genetically modified tomato, or transgenic tomato, is a tomato that has had its genes modified, using genetic engineering.
This glossary of botanical terms is a list of terms relevant to botany and plants in general.
This glossary of winemaking terms lists some of terms and definitions involved in making wine, fruit wine, and mead.
Glossostemon bruguieri or Dombeya arabica is a species of flowering plants in the family Sterculiaceae.
In molecular biology, glycoside hydrolase family 78 is a family of glycoside hydrolases.
The grapefruit (Citrus × paradisi) is a subtropical citrus tree known for its sour to semi-sweet, somewhat bitter fruit.
Guavas (singular guava) are common tropical fruits cultivated and enjoyed in many tropical and subtropical regions.
Gumdrops are a type of candy.
Gummy bears (German: Gummibär) are small, fruit gum candies, similar to a jelly baby in some English-speaking countries.
Gwapyeon is a jelly-like hangwa (traditional Korean confection) made with fruits.
H.P. Bulmer is an English cider-making company founded in 1887 in Hereford, England.
In molecular biology, haemagglutinin-esterase fusion glycoprotein (HEF) is a multi-functional protein embedded in the viral envelope of several viruses, including influenza C virus, coronaviruses and toroviruses.
Hedera helix, the common ivy, English ivy, European ivy, or just ivy, is a species of flowering plant in the family Araliaceae, native to most of Europe and western Asia.
Prof Helen Kemp Porter later Mrs Huggett FRS FRSE (10 November 1899 – 7 December 1987) was a British botanist from Imperial College London.
A hemicellulose (also known as polyose) is any of several heteropolymers (matrix polysaccharides), such as arabinoxylans, present along with cellulose in almost all plant cell walls.
Henri Braconnot (May 29, 1780, Commercy, Meuse – January 15, 1855, Nancy) was a French chemist and pharmacist.
Hot Tamales is a chewy, cinnamon flavored, oblong-shaped candy introduced in 1950 — manufactured and marketed in the United States by Just Born, a family-owned, Pennsylvania-based candy company.
Hypericum perforatum, known as perforate St John's-wort, common Saint John's wort and St John's wort, is a flowering plant in the family Hypericaceae.
The International Numbering System for Food Additives (INS) is a European-based naming system for food additives, aimed at providing a short designation of what may be a lengthy actual name.
Jelly beans are small bean-shaped sugar candies with soft candy shells and thick gel interiors.
Jute is one of the important natural fibers after cotton in terms of cultivation and usage.
Kaopectate is an orally taken medication from Chattem, Inc. for the treatment of mild diarrhea.
In molecular biology, the KduI/IolB isomerase family is a family of isomerase enzymes.
Ketchup (also catsup) is a condiment.
Kosher foods are those that conform to the Jewish dietary regulations of kashrut (dietary law), primarily derived from Leviticus and Deuteronomy.
Krapp's Last Tape is a one-act play, in English, by Samuel Beckett.
Lacing is the act of adding one or more substances to another.
Lignin is a class of complex organic polymers that form important structural materials in the support tissues of vascular plants and some algae. Lignins are particularly important in the formation of cell walls, especially in wood and bark, because they lend rigidity and do not rot easily. Chemically, lignins are cross-linked phenolic polymers.
Lille Skensved is a small railway town located in Køge and Solrød municipalities, at the railway line Lille Syd between Roskilde and Køge about 7 kilometres north of Køge.
This is a list of chocolate-covered foods.
;Acids: Food acids are added to make flavors "sharper", and also act as preservatives and antioxidants.
Category:Lists of words.
This is the fourth part of the list of the "D" codes for MeSH.
This is the fourth part of the list of the "D" codes for MeSH.
This is the fourth part of the list of the "D" codes for MeSH.
While there is ample evidence to indicate the health benefits of diets rich in fruits, vegetables, legumes, whole grains and nuts, no specific food has been acknowledged by scientists and government regulatory authorities as providing a health benefit.
This is a list of strawberry dishes, foods and beverages, which use strawberry as a primary ingredient.
This is the List of words having different meanings in British and American English: A–L.
The loquat (Eriobotrya japonica) (from Taishanese j, nowadays called j) is a species of flowering plant in the family Rosaceae, a native to the cooler hill regions of China to south-central China.
Louis Nicolas Vauquelin (16 May 1763 – 14 November 1829) was a French pharmacist and chemist.
"Lucy Does a TV Commercial" is the twelfth episode of the 1950s television sitcom I Love Lucy, airing on May 5, 1952.
Luden's is a brand of cough drop, currently manufactured and sold in the USA by Prestige Brands.
Maclura pomifera, commonly known as the Osage orange, is a small deciduous tree or large shrub, typically growing to tall.
Malus is a genus of about 30–55 species of small deciduous trees or shrubs in the family Rosaceae, including the domesticated orchard apple (M. pumila syn. M. domestica) – also known as the eating apple, cooking apple, or culinary apple.
Malus fusca, with the common names Oregon crabapple and Pacific crabapple, is a North American species of crabapple.
Mammea americana, commonly known as mammee, mammee apple, mamey, mamey apple, Santo Domingo apricot, tropical apricot, or South American apricot, is an evergreen tree of the family Calophyllaceae, whose fruit is edible.
Marmalade generally refers to a fruit preserve made from the juice and peel of citrus fruits boiled with sugar and water.
Methanol, also known as methyl alcohol among others, is a chemical with the formula CH3OH (a methyl group linked to a hydroxyl group, often abbreviated MeOH).
The middle lamella is a pectin layer which cements the cell walls of two adjoining plant cells together.
Modified citrus pectin (also known as citrus pectin, Pecta-Sol and MCP) is a modified, more digestible form of pectin.
Molecular gastronomy is a subdiscipline of food science that seeks to investigate the physical and chemical transformations of ingredients that occur in cooking.
Mucigel is a slimy substance that covers the root cap of the roots of plants.
Mucilaginibacter paludis is a facultatively aerobic and heterotrophic bacterium from the genus of Mucilaginibacter which has been isolated from acidic Sphagnum peat bog in western Siberia in Russia.
Mycena galopus, commonly known as the milking bonnet or the milk-drop Mycena, is an inedible species of fungus in the Mycenaceae family of the Agaricales order.
Nazi human experimentation was a series of medical experiments on large numbers of prisoners, including children, by Nazi Germany in its concentration camps in the early to mid 1940s, during World War II and the Holocaust.
Necrosis (from the Greek νέκρωσις "death, the stage of dying, the act of killing" from νεκρός "dead") is a form of cell injury which results in the premature death of cells in living tissue by autolysis.
Neutral Detergent Fiber (NDF) is the most common measure of fiber used for animal feed analysis, but it does not represent a unique class of chemical compounds.
Nixtamalization typically refers to a process for the preparation of maize (corn), or other grain, in which the corn is soaked and cooked in an alkaline solution, usually limewater (but sometimes wood ash lye) washed, and then hulled.
A non-Newtonian fluid is a fluid that does not follow Newton's law of viscosity.
Opekta, also known as Gies & Co., was a European pectin and spice company that existed between 1928 and 1995.
The orange is the fruit of the citrus species ''Citrus'' × ''sinensis'' in the family Rutaceae.
An ostomy pouching system is a prosthetic medical device that provides a means for the collection of waste from a surgically diverted biological system (colon, ileum, bladder) and the creation of a stoma.
Palygorskite or attapulgite is a magnesium aluminium phyllosilicate with formula (Mg,Al)2Si4O10(OH)·4(H2O) that occurs in a type of clay soil common to the Southeastern United States.
The papaya (from Carib via Spanish), papaw, or pawpaw is the plant Carica papaya, one of the 22 accepted species in the genus Carica of the family Caricaceae.
Pecten may refer to.
Pectic acid, also known as polygalacturonic acid, is a water-soluble, transparent gelatinous acid existing in ripe fruit and some vegetables.
In enzymology, a pectin lyase also known as pectolyase is a naturally occurring pectinase a type of enzyme that degrades pectin.
Pectinase is an enzyme that breaks down pectin, a polysaccharide found in plant cell walls.
Pectinate may refer to.
Pectinesterase (PE) is a ubiquitous cell-wall-associated enzyme that presents several isoforms that facilitate plant cell wall modification and subsequent breakdown.
Pepper jelly is a preserve made with peppers, sugar, and salt in a pectin or vinegar base.
Percy Pig is a brand of pig-shaped gummy raspberry, strawberry, cherry, and grape-flavoured confectionery products made under licence in Germany for Marks & Spencer which first appeared in stores in 1992.
Physalis (sometimes, from physalis.
Pinnularia is a fresh water alga more specifically a type of Bacillariophyta (diatom).
Plants are mainly multicellular, predominantly photosynthetic eukaryotes of the kingdom Plantae.
Plant cells are eukaryotic cells that differ in several key aspects from the cells of other eukaryotic organisms.
Polyelectrolytes are polymers whose repeating units bear an electrolyte group.
Polygalacturonase, also known as pectin depolymerase, PG, pectolase, pectin hydrolase, and poly-alpha-1,4-galacturonide glycanohydrolase, is an enzyme that hydrolyzes the alpha-1,4 glycosidic bonds between galacturonic acid residues.
Polysaccharides are polymeric carbohydrate molecules composed of long chains of monosaccharide units bound together by glycosidic linkages, and on hydrolysis give the constituent monosaccharides or oligosaccharides.
Pomace, or marc (from French marc), is the solid remains of grapes, olives, or other fruit after pressing for juice or oil.
Prebiotics are food ingredients that induce the growth or activity of beneficial microorganisms (e.g., bacteria and fungi).
Preserving sugar is a kind of sugar used for making marmalades, jams and preserves using fruits that are naturally high in pectin (such as plums, redcurrants, blackcurrants, gooseberries, greengages, damsons and Seville oranges).
Pressing in winemaking is the process where the juice is extracted from the grapes with the aid of a wine press, by hand, or even by the weight of the grape berries and clusters.
The quince (Cydonia oblonga) is the sole member of the genus Cydonia in the family Rosaceae (which also contains apples and pears, among other fruits).
Redon is a commune in the Ille-et-Vilaine department in Brittany in northwestern France.
Retting is a process employing the action of micro-organisms and moisture on plants to dissolve or rot away much of the cellular tissues and pectins surrounding bast-fibre bundles, and so facilitating separation of the fibre from the stem.
RG, Rg or rg may stand for any of the following things.
RG1 may refer to.
Rhamnogalacturonan endolyase (rhamnogalacturonase B, alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1->4)-alpha-D-galactopyranosyluronide lyase, Rgase B, rhamnogalacturonan alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1,4)-alpha-D-galactopyranosyluronide lyase, RG-lyase, YesW, RGL4, Rgl11A, Rgl11Y, RhiE) is an enzyme with systematic name alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1->4)-alpha-D-galactopyranosyluronate endolyase.
Rhamnogalacturonan hydrolase (rhamnogalacturonase A, RGase A, RG-hydrolase) is an enzyme with systematic name rhamnogalacturonan alpha-D-GalA-(1->2)-alpha-L-Rha hydrolase.
Rhamnogalacturonan-II (RG-II) is a complex polysaccharide termed a pectin that is found in the primary walls of dicotyledenous and monocotyledenous plants and gymnosperms.
Rheology (from Greek ῥέω rhéō, "flow" and -λoγία, -logia, "study of") is the study of the flow of matter, primarily in a liquid state, but also as "soft solids" or solids under conditions in which they respond with plastic flow rather than deforming elastically in response to an applied force.
Rhubarb (Rheum rhabarbarum) is a species of plant in the family Polygonaceae.
Root mucilage is made of plant-specific polysaccharides or long chains of sugar molecules.
Roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa) is a species of Hibiscus probably native to West Africa, used for the production of bast fibre and as an infusion, in which it may be known as carcade.
The rumen, also known as a paunch, forms the larger part of the reticulorumen, which is the first chamber in the alimentary canal of ruminant animals.
Ruminants are mammals that are able to acquire nutrients from plant-based food by fermenting it in a specialized stomach prior to digestion, principally through microbial actions.
Russian cuisine is a collection of the different cooking traditions of the Russian people.
Ruthenium is a chemical element with symbol Ru and atomic number 44.
The inorganic dye ammoniated ruthenium oxychloride, also known as ruthenium red, is used in histology to stain aldehyde fixed mucopolysaccharides.
A sagardotegi (pronounced) is a type of cider house found in the Basque Country where Basque cider and traditional foods such as cod omelettes are served.
Saprobionts are organisms that digest their food externally and then absorb the products.
Scalded milk is milk that has been heated to.
Scutching is a step in the processing of cotton or the dressing of flax or hemp in preparation for spinning.
The secondary cell wall is a structure found in many plant cells, located between the primary cell wall and the plasma membrane.
Setralit is a technical natural fiber based on plant fibers whose property profile has been modified selectively in order to meet different industrial requirements.
Sigmund Rascher (12 February 1909 – 26 April 1945) was a German SS doctor.
Silvateam S.p.A. is a producer of tannins and specialty chemicals mainly for leather industry.
Siraitia grosvenorii (luo han guo or monk fruit) is a herbaceous perennial vine of the Cucurbitaceae (gourd) family, native to southern China and northern Thailand.
SJORA is a light-tasting drink available in Mango Peach and Tropical Pineapple flavors, both in regular and diet versions, that was introduced in 2007 by Nestlé.
The soybean (Glycine max), or soya bean, is a species of legume native to East Asia, widely grown for its edible bean, which has numerous uses.
A stabiliser is an additive to food which helps to preserve its structure.
Stains-all (1-Ethyl-2-naphtothiazolium bromide) is a carbocyanine dye, which stains anionic proteins, nucleic acids, anionic polysaccharides and other anionic molecules.
A steam juicer (steam extractor) is a household kitchen utensil for separating juice from berries, fruits, and some types of vegetables in a process called steam juice extraction that is primarily used for preserving harvests faster than they can be consumed when fresh.
Sugar is the generic name for sweet-tasting, soluble carbohydrates, many of which are used in food.
A sugar beet is a plant whose root contains a high concentration of sucrose and which is grown commercially for sugar production.
Sugar candy is any candy whose primary ingredient is sugar.
Sunkist Growers, Incorporated is an American citrus growers' non-stock membership cooperative composed of 6,000 members from California and Arizona.
Swedish cuisine is the traditional food of the people of Sweden.
In cooking, a syrup or sirup (from شراب; sharāb, beverage, wine and sirupus) is a condiment that is a thick, viscous liquid consisting primarily of a solution of sugar in water, containing a large amount of dissolved sugars but showing little tendency to deposit crystals.
The tamarillo is a small tree or shrub in the flowering plant family Solanaceae (the nightshade family).
The tarnished plant bug (TPB), Lygus lineolaris, is a species of plant-feeding insect in the family Miridae.
Telmatobacter is a genus of bacteria in the family Acidobacteriaceae.
Tequila is a regional distilled beverage and type of alcoholic drink made from the blue agave plant, primarily in the area surrounding the city of Tequila, northwest of Guadalajara, and in the highlands (Los Altos) of the central western Mexican state of Jalisco.
The Diary of a Young Girl, also known as The Diary of Anne Frank, is a book of the writings from the Dutch language diary kept by Anne Frank while she was in hiding for two years with her family during the Nazi occupation of the Netherlands.
The Living Planet: A Portrait of the Earth is a BBC nature documentary series written and presented by David Attenborough, first transmitted in the UK from 19 January 1984.
Thermoanaerobacter italicusis a species of thermophilic, anaerobic, sporeformingbacteria.
Thermococcus stetteri is an extremely thermophilic marine sulfur-metabolizing archaebacterium.
A thickening agent or thickener is a substance which can increase the viscosity of a liquid without substantially changing its other properties.
A throat lozenge (cough drop, troche, cachou, or cough sweet) is a small, typically medicated tablet intended to be dissolved slowly in the mouth to temporarily stop coughs and lubricate and soothe irritated tissues of the throat (usually due to a sore throat), possibly from the common cold or influenza.
In biology, tissue is a cellular organizational level between cells and a complete organ.
Tobamovirus is a genus in the virus family Virgaviridae.
The tomatillo (Physalis philadelphica and Physalis ixocarpa), also known as the Mexican husk tomato, is a plant of the nightshade family bearing small, spherical and green or green-purple fruit of the same name.
Tomato paste is a thick paste made by cooking tomatoes for several hours to reduce the water content, straining out the seeds and skins, and cooking the liquid again to reduce the base to a thick, rich concentrate.
Tomato soup is a soup made with tomatoes as the primary ingredient.
Treponema socranskii was isolated from gum swabs of people with periodontitis and clinically-induced periodontitis.
Like the human practice of veganism, vegan dog foods are those formulated with the exclusion of ingredients that contain or were processed with any part of an animal, or any animal byproduct.
Victor Kugler (6 June 1900 – 16 December 1981) was one of the people who helped hide Anne Frank and her family and friends during the Nazi occupation of the Netherlands.
Wall-Associated Kinase (WAKs) are one of many classes of proteins known to serve as a medium between the extracellular matrix (ECM) and cytoplasm of cell walls.
Also known as WAK, wall-associated kinases are a family of protein kinases that connect the innermost portion of the cell (the cytoplasm) to the cell wall.
Citrullus lanatus is a plant species in the family Cucurbitaceae, a vine-like (scrambler and trailer) flowering plant originally from Africa.
Wet processing engineering (WPE) is one of the major streams in textile engineering refers to textile chemicals process engineering and applied science.
White wine is a wine whose colour can be straw-yellow, yellow-green, or yellow-gold.
William F. Farley (born October 10, 1942) is the sole owner of Farley Industries, a private equity firm based in Chicago.
Xango, LLC, (sometimes stylized as XANGO and XanGo) was a privately owned Lehi, Utah-based multilevel marketing company founded in 2002.
Yank Barry (born 29 January 1948 as Gerald Barry Falovitch) is a Canadian businessman and musician.
The role of yeast in winemaking is the most important element that distinguishes wine from grape juice.
Yogurt, yoghurt, or yoghourt (or; from yoğurt; other spellings listed below) is a food produced by bacterial fermentation of milk.
Zefir (Зефи́р, may also be spelled zephyr or zephir) is a type of soft confectionery made by whipping fruit and berry purée (mostly apple puree) with sugar and egg whites with subsequent addition of a gelling agent like pectin, carrageenan, agar, or gelatine.
Zostera marina is a species of seagrass known by the common names common eelgrass and seawrack.
62 Cases of Jam v. United States,, was a United States Supreme Court case in which the Court held that "imitation jam," so labeled, was not a "misbranded" product under § 403 of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act of 1938, 21 U.S.C. § 343, even though it did not meet federal regulations for being fruit jam.