29 relations: ATC code N06, Baclofen, Benzodiazepine withdrawal syndrome, Bruxism, C10H13NO2, Cross-tolerance, Depressant, Fabomotizole, GABA analogue, GABA receptor agonist, GABAB receptor, Gabapentinoid, Gamma-Amino-beta-hydroxybutyric acid, Gamma-Aminobutyric acid, Gamma-Hydroxybutyric acid, Glufimet, Hypnotic, Ligand-gated ion channel, List of designer drugs, Mebicar, Outline of thought, Phenylpiracetam, PHG, Physical dependence, Recreational drug use, Tolibut, Voltage-gated calcium channel, Vsevolod Perekalin, 4-Fluorophenibut.
Baclofen, sold under the brand name Lioresal among others, is a medication used to treat spasticity.
Benzodiazepine withdrawal syndrome—often abbreviated to benzo withdrawal—is the cluster of symptoms that emerge when a person who has taken benzodiazepines, either medically or recreationally, and has developed a physical dependence undergoes dosage reduction or discontinuation.
Bruxism is excessive teeth grinding or jaw clenching.
The molecular formula C10H13NO2 (molar mass: 179.21 g/mol, exact mass: 179.094629) may refer to.
Cross-tolerance is a phenomenon that occurs when tolerance to the effects of a certain drug produces tolerance to another drug.
A depressant, or central depressant, is a drug that lowers neurotransmission levels, which is to depress or reduce arousal or stimulation, in various areas of the brain.
Fabomotizole (INN) (brand name Afobazole) is an anxiolytic drug launched in Russia in the early 2000s.
A GABA analogue is a compound which is an analogue or derivative of the neurotransmitter gamma-Aminobutyric acid (GABA) (the IUPAC of which is 4-aminobutanoic acid).
A GABA receptor agonist is a drug that is an agonist for one or more of the GABA receptors, producing typically sedative effects, and may also cause other effects such as anxiolytic, anticonvulsant, and muscle relaxant effects.
GABAB receptors (GABABR) are metabotropic transmembrane receptors for gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) that are linked via G-proteins to potassium channels.
Gabapentinoids, also known as α2δ ligands, are a class of drugs that are derivatives of the inhibitory neurotransmitter γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) (i.e., GABA analogues) which block α2δ subunit-containing voltage-dependent calcium channels (VDCCs).
γ-Amino-β-hydroxybutyric acid (GABOB), also known as β-hydroxy-γ-aminobutyric acid (β-hydroxy-GABA), and sold under the brand name Gamibetal among others, is an anticonvulsant which is used for the treatment of epilepsy in Europe, Japan, and Mexico.
gamma-Aminobutyric acid, or γ-aminobutyric acid, or GABA, is the chief inhibitory neurotransmitter in the mammalian central nervous system.
γ-Hydroxybutyric acid (GHB), also known as 4-hydroxybutanoic acid, is a naturally occurring neurotransmitter and a psychoactive drug.
Glufimet (developmental code name RGPU-238), also known as dimethyl 3-phenylglutamate hydrochloride, is a derivative of glutamic acid (glutamate) which was developed in Russia and is related to the γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) derivative phenibut (3-phenyl-GABA).
Hypnotic (from Greek Hypnos, sleep) or soporific drugs, commonly known as sleeping pills, are a class of psychoactive drugs whose primary function is to induce sleep and to be used in the treatment of insomnia (sleeplessness), or surgical anesthesia.
Ligand-gated ion channels (LICs, LGIC), also commonly referred as ionotropic receptors, are a group of transmembrane ion-channel proteins which open to allow ions such as Na+, K+, Ca2+, and/or Cl− to pass through the membrane in response to the binding of a chemical messenger (i.e. a ligand), such as a neurotransmitter.
Designer drugs are structural or functional analogues of controlled substances that are designed to mimic the pharmacological effects of the parent drug while avoiding detection or classification as illegal.
Mebicar (mebicarum) is an anxiolytic medication produced by Latvian pharmaceutical company Olainfarm and sold in Latvia and Russia under the brand name Adaptol.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to thought (thinking): Thought (also called thinking) – the mental process in which beings form psychological associations and models of the world.
Phenylpiracetam (INN: fonturacetam, brand names Phenotropil Фенотропил, Carphedon), is a phenylated analog of the drug piracetam.
PHG may refer to.
Physical dependence is a physical condition caused by chronic use of a tolerance forming drug, in which abrupt or gradual drug withdrawal causes unpleasant physical symptoms.
Recreational drug use is the use of a psychoactive drug to induce an altered state of consciousness for pleasure, by modifying the perceptions, feelings, and emotions of the user.
Tolibut, also known as 3-(p-tolyl)-4-aminobutyric acid (or β-(4-methylphenyl)-GABA), is drug that was developed in Russia.
Voltage-gated calcium channels (VGCCs), also known as voltage-dependent calcium channels (VDCCs), are a group of voltage-gated ion channels found in the membrane of excitable cells (e.g., muscle, glial cells, neurons, etc.) with a permeability to the calcium ion Ca2+.
Vsevolod Perekalin (Всеволод Васильевич Перекалин; 1913, Saint Petersburg – 1998, Saint Petersburg) was a Soviet Russian organic chemist, Doktor nauk, Professor, Honored Scientist of the Russian Federation (1967).
4-Fluorophenibut (developmental code name CGP-11130; also known as β-(4-fluorophenyl)-γ-aminobutyric acid or β-(4-fluorophenyl)-GABA) is a GABAB receptor agonist which was never marketed.
ATC code N06BX22, ATCvet code QN06BX22, Aminophenylbutyrate, Aminophenylbutyric acid, Anvifen, Anviphen, Fenibut, Fenigam, Fenigama, Fenigamma, Fenybut, Fenygam, Fenygama, Fenygamma, Noofen, Noophen, PhGABA, PhGAMMA, PhGamma, Phenigam, Phenigama, Phenigamma, Phenybut, Phenygam, Phenygama, Phenygamma, Phenyl-GABA, PhenylGABA, Phenylgamma, Β-Phenyl-GABA, Β-Phenyl-γ-aminobutyric acid, Β-phenyl-GABA, Β-phenyl-γ-aminobutyric acid.