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Postmenopausal hormone therapy

Index Postmenopausal hormone therapy

Menopausal hormone therapy (MHT), or postmenopausal hormone therapy (PHT, PMHT), also known as hormone replacement therapy in menopause, is a form of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) which is used in postmenopausal, perimenopausal, and surgically menopausal women. [1]

151 relations: ABCA1, Adenoacanthoma, Adverse effect, Alcohol and breast cancer, Alendronic acid, Alkaline phosphatase, Allylestrenol, Alzheimer's disease, Androgen insensitivity syndrome, Angiodysplasia, Bazedoxifene, Benita Katzenellenbogen, Bioidentical hormone replacement therapy, BRCA mutation, Breast cancer, Breast cancer awareness, Breast cancer screening, British Journal of Sexual Medicine, Cancer, Candidiasis, Castration, Catamenial epilepsy, Causes of cancer, Chlormadinone acetate, Complete androgen insensitivity syndrome, Conjugated estrogens, Conjugated estrogens/medroxyprogesterone acetate, Consideration of future consequences, Correlation does not imply causation, Cyproterone acetate, Dantrolene, Desogestrel, Dienogest, Diethylstilbestrol, Drospirenone, Dydrogesterone, EC508, EC586, Endometrial hyperplasia, Endometrial polyp, Epigenetic clock, Equilin, ERT, Esterified estrogens/methyltestosterone, Estetrol, Estetrol (medication), Estradiol, Estradiol (medication), Estradiol acetate, Estradiol phenylpropionate, ..., Estriol, Estriol (medication), Estrogen, Estrogen (medication), Estrogen and neurodegenerative diseases, Estrogen dominance, Estrogen patch, Estrogen receptor beta, Estrone, Estrone (medication), Estrone sulfate, Estrone sulfate (medication), Estropipate, Ethinylestradiol, Ethinylestradiol/norethisterone acetate, Gestodene, Hair loss, Headache, Health scare, High-grade serous carcinoma, Hormone, Hormone replacement therapy, Hormone therapy, Horse, Hot flash, Howard Judd, Index of oncology articles, Index of topics related to life extension, Jenapharm, Kathleen O'Grady, Levonorgestrel, Levormeloxifene, List of acronyms: P, List of drugs: Cj-Cl, List of IARC Group 1 carcinogens, List of therapies, List of Two Pints of Lager and a Packet of Crisps episodes, Lorraine Rothman, Love, Sex, and Aging, Marilyn Imrie, Marrow adipose tissue, Medical ghostwriter, Medical procedure, Medrogestone, Medroxyprogesterone acetate, Megestrol acetate, Mendelian randomization, Menopause, Mestranol, Methyltestosterone, MHT, Micronization, Mike Walker (radio dramatist), Million Women Study, Morning sickness, Nomegestrol acetate, Norethisterone, Norethisterone acetate, Norgestimate, Norgestrel, Novo Nordisk, Oophorectomy, Partial androgen insensitivity syndrome, PHT, Placebo, PLOS Medicine, Polyestradiol phosphate, Postmenopausal confusion, Prasterone, Progesterone, Progesterone (medication), Progestin, Progestogen-only pill, Promegestone, Quinestrol, Randomized controlled trial, Rectocele, Reproductive-cell cycle theory, Risk factors for breast cancer, Sex-hormonal agent, Sexuality in older age, Spaceflight osteopenia, Steroidal antiandrogen, Stroke, Suburban Shootout, T. S. Wiley, Tachyphylaxis, Teresa Gorman, Therapy, Thrombophilia, Tibolone, Topical progesterone, Transgender hormone therapy (male-to-female), Trimegestone, Vagina, Valerie Beral, Water retention (medicine), Wiley protocol, Women's rights in Iran, Wyeth, Yerkes National Primate Research Center. Expand index (101 more) »

ABCA1

ATP-binding cassette transporter ABCA1 (member 1 of human transporter sub-family ABCA), also known as the cholesterol efflux regulatory protein (CERP) is a protein which in humans is encoded by the ABCA1 gene.

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Adenoacanthoma

Adenoacanthoma is malignancy of squamous cells that have differentiated from epithelial cells.

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Adverse effect

In medicine, an adverse effect is an undesired harmful effect resulting from a medication or other intervention such as surgery.

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Alcohol and breast cancer

The relationship between alcohol and breast cancer is clear: drinking alcoholic beverages, including wine, beer, or liquor, is a risk factor for breast cancer, as well as some other forms of cancer.

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Alendronic acid

Alendronic acid (INN) or alendronate sodium, sold under the trade name Fosamax among others, is a bisphosphonate drug used for osteoporosis, osteogenesis imperfecta, and several other bone diseases.

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Alkaline phosphatase

Alkaline phosphatase (ALP, ALKP, ALPase, Alk Phos) or basic phosphatase is a homodimeric protein enzyme of 86 kilodaltons.

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Allylestrenol

Allylestrenol, sold under the brand names Gestanin and Turinal among others, is a progestin medication which is used to treat recurrent and threatened miscarriage and to prevent premature labor in pregnant women.

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Alzheimer's disease

Alzheimer's disease (AD), also referred to simply as Alzheimer's, is a chronic neurodegenerative disease that usually starts slowly and worsens over time.

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Androgen insensitivity syndrome

Androgen insensitivity syndrome (AIS) is an intersex condition in which there is a partial or complete inability of many cells in the affected genetic male to respond to androgenic hormones.

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Angiodysplasia

In medicine (gastroenterology), angiodysplasia is a small vascular malformation of the gut.

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Bazedoxifene

Bazedoxifene, or bazedoxifene acetate, is a medication for bone problems and possibly (pending more study) for cancer.

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Benita Katzenellenbogen

Benita S. Katzenellenbogen née Schulman (born 1945) is an American Professor of Physiology and Cell Biology at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

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Bioidentical hormone replacement therapy

Bioidentical hormone replacement therapy (BHRT), also known as bioidentical hormone therapy or natural hormone therapy, is the use of hormones that are identical on a molecular level with endogenous hormones in hormone replacement therapy.

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BRCA mutation

A BRCA mutation is a mutation in either of the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes, which are tumour suppressor genes.

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Breast cancer

Breast cancer is cancer that develops from breast tissue.

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Breast cancer awareness

Breast cancer awareness is an effort to raise awareness and reduce the stigma of breast cancer through education on symptoms and treatment.

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Breast cancer screening

Breast cancer screening is the medical screening of asymptomatic, apparently healthy women for breast cancer in an attempt to achieve an earlier diagnosis.

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British Journal of Sexual Medicine

The British Journal of Sexual Medicine (abbreviated Br J Sex Med or BJSM) is a medical periodical, first published in 1973.

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Cancer

Cancer is a group of diseases involving abnormal cell growth with the potential to invade or spread to other parts of the body.

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Candidiasis

Candidiasis is a fungal infection due to any type of Candida (a type of yeast).

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Castration

Castration (also known as gonadectomy) is any action, surgical, chemical, or otherwise, by which an individual loses use of the testicles.

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Catamenial epilepsy

Epilepsy is a chronic neurological condition characterized by recurrent seizures.

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Causes of cancer

Cancer is a disease caused by genetic changes leading to uncontrolled cell growth and tumor formation.

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Chlormadinone acetate

Chlormadinone acetate (CMA), sold under the brand names Belara, Lutéran, and Prostal among others, is a progestin and antiandrogen medication which is used in birth control pills to prevent pregnancy, as a component of menopausal hormone therapy, and in the treatment of gynecological disorders as well as androgen-dependent conditions like enlarged prostate and prostate cancer in men and acne and hirsutism in women.

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Complete androgen insensitivity syndrome

Complete androgen insensitivity syndrome (CAIS) is a condition that results in the complete inability of the cell to respond to androgens.

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Conjugated estrogens

Conjugated estrogens (CEs), or conjugated equine estrogens (CEEs), sold under the brand name Premarin (a contraction of "pregnant mares' urine") among others, is an estrogen medication which is used in menopausal hormone therapy and for various other indications.

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Conjugated estrogens/medroxyprogesterone acetate

Conjugated estrogens/medroxyprogesterone acetate (CEs/MPA), sold under the brand names Prempro and Premphase, is a combination product of conjugated estrogens (Premarin), an estrogen, and medroxyprogesterone acetate (Provera), a progestogen, which is used in menopausal hormone therapy for the treatment of menopausal symptoms.

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Consideration of future consequences

The consideration of future consequences (CFC) is a personality trait defined as the extent to which individuals consider the potential future outcomes of their current behaviour and the extent to which they are influenced by the imagined outcomes.

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Correlation does not imply causation

In statistics, many statistical tests calculate correlations between variables and when two variables are found to be correlated, it is tempting to assume that this shows that one variable causes the other.

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Cyproterone acetate

Cyproterone acetate (CPA), sold alone under the brand name Androcur or with ethinylestradiol (EE) under the brand names Diane or Diane-35 among others, is an antiandrogen and progestogen which is used in the treatment of androgen-dependent conditions like acne, excessive hair growth, early puberty, and prostate cancer, as a component of feminizing hormone therapy for transgender women, and in birth control pills.

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Dantrolene

Dantrolene sodium is a postsynaptic muscle relaxant that lessens excitation-contraction coupling in muscle cells.

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Desogestrel

Desogestrel, sold under the brand names Cerazette and Mircette among many others, is a progestin medication which is used in birth control pills for women.

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Dienogest

Dienogest, sold under the brand names Natazia and Qlaira among others, is a progestin medication which is used in birth control pills and in the treatment of endometriosis.

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Diethylstilbestrol

Diethylstilbestrol (DES), also known as stilbestrol or stilboestrol, is an estrogen medication which is mostly no longer used.

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Drospirenone

Drospirenone, sold under the brand names Yasmin and Angeliq among others, is a progestin medication which is used in birth control pills and in menopausal hormone therapy. The medication is available only in combination with an estrogen. It is taken by mouth. Drospirenone is a progestin, or a synthetic progestogen, and hence is an agonist of the progesterone receptor, the biological target of progestogens like progesterone. It has additional antimineralocorticoid and antiandrogenic activity and no other important hormonal activity. Drospirenone was introduced for medical use in 2000. It is available widely throughout the world. The medication is sometimes referred to as a "fourth-generation" progestin. It is available as a generic medication.https://www.drugs.com/availability/generic-yasmin.html.

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Dydrogesterone

Dydrogesterone, sold under the brand name Duphaston among others, is a progestin medication which is used for a variety of indications, including threatened or recurrent miscarriage during pregnancy, dysfunctional bleeding, infertility due to luteal insufficiency, dysmenorrhea, endometriosis, secondary amenorrhea, irregular cycles, premenstrual syndrome, and as a component of menopausal hormone therapy.

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EC508

EC508, also known as estradiol 17β-(1-(4-(aminosulfonyl)benzoyl)--proline), is an estrogen which is under development by Evestra for use in menopausal hormone therapy and as a hormonal contraceptive for the prevention of pregnancy in women.

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EC586

EC586, also known as testosterone 17β-(1-((5-(aminosulfonyl)-2-pyridinyl)carbonyl)--proline), is an androgen and anabolic steroid which is under development by Evestra for use in androgen replacement therapy in men.

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Endometrial hyperplasia

Endometrial hyperplasia is a condition of excessive proliferation of the cells of the endometrium, or inner lining of the uterus.

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Endometrial polyp

An endometrial polyp or uterine polyp is a mass in the inner lining of the uterus.

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Epigenetic clock

An epigenetic clock is a type of a molecular age estimation method based on DNA methylation levels.

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Equilin

Equilin is a naturally occurring estrogen which is found in horses.

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ERT

ERT may stand for.

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Esterified estrogens/methyltestosterone

Esterified estrogens/methyltestosterone, sold under brand names such as Covaryx, Eemt, Essian, Estratest, Menogen, and Syntest, is a hormonal preparation that combines esterified estrogens with methyltestosterone in one tablet and is used in menopausal hormone therapy.

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Estetrol

Estetrol (E4), or oestetrol, is a weak estrogen steroid hormone which is found in detectable levels only during pregnancy.

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Estetrol (medication)

Estetrol, tentative brand names Donesta (alone) and Estelle (with drospirenone), is an estrogen medication and naturally occurring steroid hormone which is under development for use as a birth control pill in combination with a progestin, in menopausal hormone therapy to treat symptoms such as vaginal atrophy, hot flashes, and bone loss, and for the treatment of breast cancer, prostate cancer, osteoarthritis, and migraine.

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Estradiol

Estradiol (E2), also spelled oestradiol, is an estrogen steroid hormone and the major female sex hormone.

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Estradiol (medication)

Estradiol, also spelled oestradiol, is a medication and naturally occurring steroid hormone.

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Estradiol acetate

Estradiol acetate, sold under the brand names Femtrace, Femring, and Menoring, is an estrogen medication which is used as a part of hormone therapy for the treatment of menopausal symptoms in the United States, Europe, and elsewhere throughout the world.

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Estradiol phenylpropionate

Estradiol phenylpropionate (EPP), also known as estradiol 17β-phenylpropionate, is a semisynthetic, steroidal estrogen.

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Estriol

Estriol (E3), also spelled oestriol, is a steroid, a weak estrogen, and a minor female sex hormone.

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Estriol (medication)

Estriol, sold under the brand name Ovestin among others, is an estrogen medication and naturally occurring steroid hormone which is used in menopausal hormone therapy.

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Estrogen

Estrogen, or oestrogen, is the primary female sex hormone.

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Estrogen (medication)

An estrogen is a type of medication which is used most commonly in hormonal birth control and menopausal hormone therapy.

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Estrogen and neurodegenerative diseases

Neurodegenerative diseases can disrupt the normal human homeostasis and result in abnormal estrogen levels.

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Estrogen dominance

Estrogen dominance is a theory about a metabolic state where the level of estrogen outweighs the level of progesterone in the body.

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Estrogen patch

The estrogen patch (oestrogen patch) is a delivery system for estradiol, which is used as hormone replacement therapy to treat the problems of menopause, such as hot flashes and vaginal dryness, or to prevent osteoporosis.

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Estrogen receptor beta

Estrogen receptor beta (ER-β), also known as NR3A2 (nuclear receptor subfamily 3, group A, member 2), is one of two main types of estrogen receptor, a nuclear receptor which is activated by the sex hormone estrogen.

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Estrone

Estrone (E1), also spelled oestrone, is a steroid, a weak estrogen, and a minor female sex hormone.

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Estrone (medication)

Estrone, sold under the brand names Estragyn, Kestrin, and Theelin among many others, is an estrogen medication and naturally occurring steroid hormone which has been used in menopausal hormone therapy and for other indications.

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Estrone sulfate

Estrone sulfate (E1S), or estrone 3-sulfate, is a natural, endogenous steroid and an estrogen ester and conjugate.

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Estrone sulfate (medication)

Estrone sulfate (E1S) is an estrogen medication and naturally occurring steroid hormone.

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Estropipate

Estropipate, also known as piperazine estrone sulfate and sold under the brand names Harmogen, Improvera, Ogen, Ortho-Est, and Sulestrex among others, is an estrogen medication which is used mainly in menopausal hormone therapy in the treatment of menopausal symptoms.

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Ethinylestradiol

Ethinylestradiol (EE) is an estrogen medication which is used widely in birth control pills in combination with progestins.

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Ethinylestradiol/norethisterone acetate

Ethinylestradiol/norethisterone acetate (brand names Estrostep, Gildess, Junel, Loestrin, Microgestin, Minastrin, many others) is a combination of the estrogen ethinylestradiol and the progestin norethisterone acetate (norethindrone acetate) which is marketed under a large number of brand names throughout the world for use as a combined oral contraceptive.

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Gestodene

Gestodene, sold under the brand names Femodene and Minulet among others, is a progestin medication which is used in birth control pills for women.

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Hair loss

Hair loss, also known as alopecia or baldness, refers to a loss of hair from part of the head or body.

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Headache

Headache is the symptom of pain anywhere in the region of the head or neck.

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Health scare

Health scare is a campaign to scare the public into avoiding a food or chemical on the grounds that it might cause them to contract an illness or have some other negative effect on their health.

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High-grade serous carcinoma

High-grade serous carcinoma (HGSC) is a type of tumour that arises from the serous epithelial layer in the abdominopelvic cavity and is mainly found in the ovary.

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Hormone

A hormone (from the Greek participle “ὁρμῶ”, "to set in motion, urge on") is any member of a class of signaling molecules produced by glands in multicellular organisms that are transported by the circulatory system to target distant organs to regulate physiology and behaviour.

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Hormone replacement therapy

Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) is any form of hormone therapy wherein the patient, in the course of medical treatment, receives hormones, either to supplement a lack of naturally occurring hormones or to substitute other hormones for naturally occurring hormones.

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Hormone therapy

Hormone therapy or hormonal therapy is the use of hormones in medical treatment.

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Horse

The horse (Equus ferus caballus) is one of two extant subspecies of ''Equus ferus''.

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Hot flash

Hot flashes (American English) or hot flushes (British English) are a form of flushing due to reduced levels of estradiol.

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Howard Judd

Howard Lund Judd (December 28, 1935 – July 19, 2007) was an American physician and medical researcher.

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Index of oncology articles

This is a list of terms related to oncology.

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Index of topics related to life extension

Following is a list of topics related to life extension.

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Jenapharm

Jenapharm is a pharmaceutical company from Jena, Germany.

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Kathleen O'Grady

Kathleen O'Grady is a Canadian author and academic.

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Levonorgestrel

Levonorgestrel is a hormonal medication which is used in a number of birth control methods.

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Levormeloxifene

Levormeloxifene (developmental code names 6720-CDRI, NNC-460020) is a selective estrogen receptor modulator (SERM) which was being developed as an alternative to estrogen replacement therapy for the treatment and prevention of postmenopausal bone loss but did not complete development and hence was never marketed.

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List of acronyms: P

(Main list of acronyms).

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List of drugs: Cj-Cl

No description.

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List of IARC Group 1 carcinogens

Substances, mixtures and exposure circumstances in this list have been classified by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) as Group 1: The agent (mixture) is carcinogenic to humans.

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List of therapies

This is a list of types of medical therapy, including forms of traditional medicine, alternative medicine, and quackery.

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List of Two Pints of Lager and a Packet of Crisps episodes

This is a list of episodes of the British television series, Two Pints of Lager and a Packet of Crisps, a BBC sitcom written by Susan Nickson that ran for 9 series from February 2001 to May 2011.

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Lorraine Rothman

Lorraine Rothman (January 12, 1932 – September 25, 2007) was a founding member of the feminist Self-Help Clinic movement.

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Love, Sex, and Aging

Love, Sex, and Aging is a 1984 book on sexuality in older age by medical writer Edward M. Brecher and the editors of Consumer Reports.

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Marilyn Imrie

Marilyn Elsie Imrie (born 20 November 1947) is a Scottish radio drama director and producer.

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Marrow adipose tissue

Marrow adipose tissue (MAT), also known as bone marrow adipose tissue (BMAT), increases in states of low bone density -osteoporosis, anorexia nervosa/ caloric restriction, skeletal unweighting, anti-diabetes therapies). The marrow adipocytes originate from mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) progenitors that also give rise to osteoblasts, among other cell types. Thus, it is thought that MAT results from preferential MSC differentiation into the adipocyte, rather than osteoblast, lineage in the setting of osteoporosis. Since MAT is increased in the setting of obesity and is suppressed by endurance exercise, or vibration, it is likely that MAT physiology- in the setting of mechanical input/exercise- approximates that of white adipose tissue (WAT). MAT has qualities of both white and brown fat. Subcutaneous white fat contain excess energy, indicating a clear evolutionary advantage during times of scarcity. WAT is also the source of adipokines and inflammatory markers which have both positive (e.g., adiponectin) and negative effects on metabolic and cardiovascular endpoints. Visceral abdominal fat (VAT) is a distinct type of WAT that is "proportionally associated with negative metabolic and cardiovascular morbidity", regenerates cortisol, and recently has been tied to decreased bone formation Both types of WAT substantially differ from brown adipose tissue (BAT) as by a group of proteins that help BAT’s thermogenic role. MAT, by its "specific marrow location, and its adipocyte origin from at least LepR+ marrow MSC is separated from non-bone fat storage by larger expression of bone transcription factors", and likely indicates a different fat phenotype. Recently, MAT was noted to "produce a greater proportion of adiponectin - an adipokine associated with improved metabolism - than WAT", suggesting an endocrine function for this depot, akin, but different, from that of WAT.

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Medical ghostwriter

Medical ghostwriters are employed by pharmaceutical companies and medical-device manufacturers to produce apparently independent manuscripts for peer-reviewed journals, conference presentations and other communications.

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Medical procedure

A medical procedure is a course of action intended to achieve a result in the delivery of healthcare.

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Medrogestone

Medrogestone, sold under the brand name Colprone among others, is a progestin medication which has been used in menopausal hormone therapy and in the treatment of gynecological disorders.

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Medroxyprogesterone acetate

Medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA), sold under the brand name Depo-Provera among others, is a hormonal medication of the progestin type.

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Megestrol acetate

Megestrol acetate (MGA), sold under the brand name Megace among others, is a progestin medication which is used mainly as an appetite stimulant to treat wasting syndromes such as cachexia.

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Mendelian randomization

In epidemiology, Mendelian randomization is a method of using measured variation in genes of known function to examine the causal effect of a modifiable exposure on disease in observational studies.

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Menopause

Menopause, also known as the climacteric, is the time in most women's lives when menstrual periods stop permanently, and they are no longer able to bear children.

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Mestranol

Mestranol, sold under the brand names Enovid, Norinyl, and Ortho-Novum among others, is an estrogen medication which has been used in birth control pills, menopausal hormone therapy, and the treatment of menstrual disorders.

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Methyltestosterone

Methyltestosterone, sold under the brand names Android, Metandren, and Testred among others, is an androgen and anabolic steroid (AAS) medication which is used in the treatment of low testosterone levels in men, delayed puberty in boys, at low doses as a component of menopausal hormone therapy for menopausal symptoms like hot flashes, osteoporosis, and low sexual desire in women, and to treat breast cancer in women.

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MHT

The initials MHT may refer to.

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Micronization

Micronization is the process of reducing the average diameter of a solid material's particles.

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Mike Walker (radio dramatist)

Mike Walker is a radio dramatist and feature and documentary writer.

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Million Women Study

The Million Women Study is a study of women’s health analysing data from more than one million women aged 50 and over, led by Dame Valerie Beral and a team of researchers at the Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford.

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Morning sickness

Morning sickness, also called nausea and vomiting of pregnancy (NVP), is a symptom of pregnancy that involves nausea or vomiting.

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Nomegestrol acetate

Nomegestrol acetate (NOMAC), sold under the brand names Lutenyl and Zoely among others, is a progestin medication which is used in birth control pills, menopausal hormone therapy, and for the treatment of gynecological disorders.

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Norethisterone

Norethisterone, also known as norethindrone and sold under the brand names Aygestin and Primolut N among many others, is a progestin medication which is used in birth control pills, menopausal hormone therapy, and for the treatment of gynecological disorders.

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Norethisterone acetate

Norethisterone acetate (NETA), also known as norethindrone acetate and sold under the brand name Primolut-Nor among others, is a progestin medication which is used in birth control pills, menopausal hormone therapy, and for the treatment of gynecological disorders.

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Norgestimate

Norgestimate, sold under the brand names Ortho Tri-Cyclen and Previfem among others, is a progestin medication which is used in birth control pills for women and in menopausal hormone therapy.

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Norgestrel

Norgestrel, sold under the brand name Ovral among others, is a progestin medication which is used in birth control pills and in menopausal hormone therapy.

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Novo Nordisk

Novo Nordisk A/S is a Danish multinational pharmaceutical company headquartered in Bagsværd, Denmark, with production facilities in eight countries, and affiliates or offices in 75 countries.

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Oophorectomy

Oophorectomy (from Greek ᾠοφόρος, ōophóros, 'egg-bearing' + ἐκτομή, ektomḗ, 'a cutting out of') is the surgical removal of an ovary or ovaries.

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Partial androgen insensitivity syndrome

Partial androgen insensitivity syndrome (PAIS) is a condition that results in the partial inability of the cell to respond to androgens.

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PHT

PHT can stand for.

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Placebo

A placebo is a substance or treatment of no intended therapeutic value.

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PLOS Medicine

PLOS Medicine (formerly styled PLoS Medicine) is a peer-reviewed weekly medical journal covering the full spectrum of the medical sciences.

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Polyestradiol phosphate

Polyestradiol phosphate (PEP), sold under the brand name Estradurin, is a medication which is used primarily in the treatment of prostate cancer in men.

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Postmenopausal confusion

Postmenopausal confusion is a symptom of menopause; women face problems with cognition during and after menopause due to hormonal imbalances.

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Prasterone

Prasterone, also known as dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and sold under the brand names Gynodian Depot (as an ester) and Intrarosa among others, is a medication as well as supplement which is used to correct DHEA deficiency due to adrenal insufficiency or old age, as a component of menopausal hormone therapy, to treat painful sexual intercourse due to vaginal atrophy, and to prepare the cervix for childbirth among other uses.

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Progesterone

Progesterone (P4) is an endogenous steroid and progestogen sex hormone involved in the menstrual cycle, pregnancy, and embryogenesis of humans and other species.

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Progesterone (medication)

Progesterone is a medication and naturally occurring steroid hormone.

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Progestin

A progestin is a type of medication which is used most commonly in hormonal birth control and menopausal hormone therapy.

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Progestogen-only pill

Progestogen-only pills or progestin-only pills (POP) are contraceptive pills that contain only synthetic progestogens (progestins) and do not contain estrogen.

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Promegestone

Promegestone, sold under the brand name Surgestone, is a progestin medication which is used in menopausal hormone therapy and in the treatment of gynecological disorders.

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Quinestrol

Quinestrol (brand names Agalacto-Quilea, Basaquines, Eston, Estrovis, Estrovister, Plestrovis, Qui-Lea), also known as ethinylestradiol 3-cyclopentyl ether (EE2CPE), is a synthetic, steroidal estrogen which is used in menopausal hormone therapy and occasionally to treat breast cancer and prostate cancer.

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Randomized controlled trial

A randomized controlled trial (or randomized control trial; RCT) is a type of scientific (often medical) experiment which aims to reduce bias when testing a new treatment.

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Rectocele

A rectocele or posterior vaginal wall prolapse results when the rectum herniates into or forms a bulge in the vagina.

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Reproductive-cell cycle theory

Rather than seeing aging as a loss of functionality as we get older, this theory defines aging as any change in an organism over time, as evidenced by the fact that if all chemical reactions in the body were stopped, no change, and thus no aging, would occur.

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Risk factors for breast cancer

Risk factors for breast cancer may be divided into preventable and non-preventable.

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Sex-hormonal agent

A sex-hormonal agent, also known as a sex-hormone receptor modulator, is a type of hormonal agent which specifically modulates the effects of sex hormones and of their biological targets, the sex hormone receptors.

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Sexuality in older age

Sexuality in older age concerns the sexual drive, sexual activity, interests, orientation, intimacy, self-esteem, behaviors, and overall sexuality of people in middle age and old age, and the social perceptions concerning sexuality in older age.

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Spaceflight osteopenia

Spaceflight osteopenia refers to the characteristic bone loss that occurs during spaceflight.

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Steroidal antiandrogen

A steroidal antiandrogen (SAA) is an antiandrogen with a steroidal chemical structure.

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Stroke

A stroke is a medical condition in which poor blood flow to the brain results in cell death.

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Suburban Shootout

Suburban Shootout is a British satirical black comedy television series produced for Channel 5 and Paramount Comedy by Feelgood Fiction in association with Oxygen.

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T. S. Wiley

Teresa S. Wiley is the author of Lights Out: Sleep, Sugar and Survival, and Sex, Lies and Menopause.

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Tachyphylaxis

Tachyphylaxis (Greek ταχύς, tachys, "rapid", and φύλαξις, phylaxis, "protection") is a medical term describing an acute, sudden decrease in response to a drug after its administration, i.e. a rapid and short-term onset of drug tolerance.

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Teresa Gorman

Teresa Ellen Gorman (née Moore; 30 September 1931 – 28 August 2015) was a British politician.

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Therapy

Therapy (often abbreviated tx, Tx, or Tx) is the attempted remediation of a health problem, usually following a diagnosis.

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Thrombophilia

Thrombophilia (sometimes hypercoagulability or a prothrombotic state) is an abnormality of blood coagulation that increases the risk of thrombosis (blood clots in blood vessels).

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Tibolone

Tibolone, sold under the brand names Livial and Tibofem among others, is a medication which is used in menopausal hormone therapy and in the treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis and endometriosis.

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Topical progesterone

Topical progesterone, also known as transdermal or percutaneous progesterone, is a formulation and route of administration of progesterone in which the hormone is supplied in the form of a cream or gel that is applied to the skin.

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Transgender hormone therapy (male-to-female)

Transgender hormone therapy of the male-to-female (MTF) type, also known as feminizing hormone therapy, is a form of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) and sex reassignment therapy which is used to change the secondary sexual characteristics of transgender people from masculine (or androgynous) to feminine.

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Trimegestone

Trimegestone, sold under the brand names Ondeva and Totelle among others, is a progestin medication which is used in menopausal hormone therapy and in the prevention of postmenopausal osteoporosis.

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Vagina

In mammals, the vagina is the elastic, muscular part of the female genital tract.

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Valerie Beral

Dame Valerie Beral AC DBE FRS FRCOG FMedSci (born 1946) is an Australian-born British epidemiologist, academic and a preeminent specialist in breast cancer epidemiology.

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Water retention (medicine)

The term water retention (also known as fluid retention) or hydrops, hydropsy, edema, signifies an abnormal accumulation of clear, watery fluid in the tissues or cavities of the body.

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Wiley protocol

The Wiley Protocol is a controversial form of bioidentical hormone replacement therapy (BHRT) devised and advocated by author T. S. Wiley.

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Women's rights in Iran

In the Annals of history dating back to the great Achaemenid Empire (2000 – 550 BCE), women in Iran have, for the most part, been subordinate to men.

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Wyeth

Wyeth was a pharmaceutical company purchased by Pfizer in 2009.

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Yerkes National Primate Research Center

The Yerkes National Primate Research Center in Atlanta, Georgia, is one of seven national primate research centers funded by the National Institutes of Health.

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Activelle, Angemin, Climara pro, Climodien, Cliovelle, Divina plus, Estradiol gel, Estrogen Replacement Therapy, Estrogen-progestin hormone therapy, Estrogen–progestin hormone therapy, Eviana, Femanest, Femanor, Femasekvens, HRT in menopause, Hormone replacement therapy (menopause), Hormone replacement therapy for menopausal symptoms, Hormone replacement therapy for menopause, Hormone replacement therapy in menopause, Indivina, Kliogest, Menopausal HRT, Menopausal estradiol+progestin, Menopausal hormone therapy, Menopause HRT, PMHT, Post-menopausal hormone therapy, Postmenopausal hormone, Trisekvens, Trivina.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Postmenopausal_hormone_therapy

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