449 relations: Abbasid Caliphate, Abbey of Saint-Germain-des-Prés, Age of Empires III: The Asian Dynasties, Algaculture, Alkali metal, Alkali metal nitrate, Alum Cave Trail, Amadou, Amateur chemistry, Ammonia, Ammonium nitrate, Anaphrodisiac, Ancón District, Andasol Solar Power Station, Anders Chydenius, Andreas Sigismund Marggraf, Antihecticum poterii, Antimonial cup, Antofagasta Region, Antoine Baumé, Antoni Gaudí, Aphronitre, Armenian community of Dhaka, Arsenic pentoxide, Automatic fire suppression, Ayding Lake, Église Saint-Paul, Österlånggatan, Bacon, Ball propellant, Ballincollig Royal Gunpowder Mills, Balthazar P. Melick, Barium ferrite, Batala, Beef, Benjamin Worsley, Bernard Courtois, Bezenye, Big Bone Cave, Billingham Manufacturing Plant, Biltong, Bismuth, Black powder rocket motor, Black powder substitute, Blast fishing, Bluing (steel), Bomb, Bone Cave, Tennessee, Bravais lattice, Broad Street (Manhattan), ..., Buchanan State Forest, Cades Cove, Caesium nitrate, Calcium nitrate, Caliche, California Powder Works, Campbell County, Tennessee, Canadian Pacific Air Lines Flight 21, Cannon operation, Carbonite (explosive), Carcass (projectile), Carl Kaiserling, Carl Wilhelm Scheele, Carlisle v. United States, Caustic pencil, Cerium nitrate, Cha siu bao, Charcuterie, Charles Alexander Warfield, Chemical Bank, Chemical reaction, Chemical warfare, Chemically strengthened glass, Chemische Fabrik Kalk, Cherry Street Historic District (Florence, Alabama), Chhapra, Choe Museon, Chu 13, Cinema of Chile, Citadel of Saigon, Coffee High School (Florence, Alabama), Cold, Colored fire, Colt Army Model 1860, Concentrated solar power, Condensed aerosol fire suppression, Cordite, Corned beef, Cornelis Drebbel, Craighead Caverns, Critical relative humidity, Cryptococcus, Culture of Luxembourg, Cumberland Caverns, Cumberland County, Tennessee, Cupronickel, Curing (food preservation), Curing salt, DeKalb County, Tennessee, Denny Lodge, Dentin hypersensitivity, Dina Nagar, Dunbar Cave State Park, E number, Early thermal weapons, East India Company, Economy of Chile, Economy of the Song dynasty, Eleutherian Mills, Elk River (Tennessee River), Emery Molyneux, Empire Earth II, Ethylene glycol dinitrate, European hazard symbols, Explosive material, Fertilizer, Fire balloon, Fireworks, Flare, Flash powder, Flora and fauna of the Discworld, Foreign relations of Chile, Forge welding, Fort Spring, West Virginia, Franco-Ottoman alliance, Free Frank McWorter, French Republican Calendar, Friedrich Accum, Frigorific mixture, Fullerene chemistry, Fults, Illinois, Fuse (explosives), Gatlinburg, Tennessee, Gelignite, Geology of Chile, George Washington Helme, Germany Valley, Gilding, Glossary of chemical formulas, Glossary of firearms terms, Gluma, Gold parting, Grande Armée, Grassy Cove, Great New York City Fire of 1845, Great Saltpetre Cave, Great Smoky Mountains, Greek fire, Green, Green mix, Greenbrier River, Greenbrier River Watershed Association, Gun, Gunpowder, Gunpowder artillery in the Middle Ages, Haifa Chemicals, Ham, Hamilton County, Tennessee, Harrison Ainslie, Hazard Powder Company, Hennig Brand, Historic Villages of Shirakawa-gō and Gokayama, History of Banbury, History of Bihar, History of chemistry, History of East Asia, History of gunpowder, History of Mangalore, History of science and technology in China, History of the Catholic Church in Japan, History of the firearm, History of the Jaffna Kingdom, History of the Jews in Hungary, History of water supply and sanitation, History of weapons, HMS Vanguard (1787), Hubbard's Cave, Humberstone and Santa Laura Saltpeter Works, Hwacha, Hydro Transport, Hydroponics, Incense, Inconfidência Mineira, Index of chemistry articles, Inorganic compounds by element, Internal ballistics, International Numbering System for Food Additives, Investment (military), Iodine, Iquique, Jack Parsons (rocket engineer), James Thomas Humberstone, Jean-Benoît-Vincent Barré, Jean-Pierre Rivalz, Jeewanu, Joan Geelvinck (1644–1707), João da Silva Feijó, Job Charnock, Johann Friedrich Höger, Johann Rudolf Glauber, Johannesgränd, John Stuart (Virginia), John Work House and Mill Site, Joshua Ward, Josiah Gorgas, Kentucky in the War of 1812, Kerak Castle, Khanfar, Hadhramaut, King's Sutton, Kirishitan, Korea General Chemicals Trading, Kruševlje, Labeling of fertilizer, Laflin & Rand Powder Company, Laki, Lammot du Pont I, Lant, Liber Ignium, List of alchemical substances, List of Beavis and Butt-Head characters, List of cannon projectiles, List of CAS numbers by chemical compound, List of commonly available chemicals, List of energy storage projects, List of food additives, List of ghost towns by country, List of inorganic compounds, List of ions, List of shipwrecks of the Seven Stones Reef, List of terrorist incidents in Saudi Arabia, List of UN numbers 1401 to 1500, Lithium nitrate, Locust Street Historic District (Florence, Alabama), Louis-Sébastien Lenormand, Magnesium nitrate, Mammoth Cave National Park, Mangalore, Manganate, Mannitol motility medium, Marion County, Tennessee, Maritime history of Europe, Matas (drug store), Matthew Laflin, Meal powder, Medway watermills (upper tributaries), Megalonyx, Meramec Caverns, Mining in India, Minol (explosive), Mirjan Fort, Molten salt, Monopoly, Monroe County, West Virginia, Montgomery County, Tennessee, Mor Karima, Murashige and Skoog medium, Museum Street, Muslim world, MythBusters (2006 season), Naem, National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Native American contributions, Natron, Nickajack, Nickajack Cave, Niter, Niter and Mining Corps, Nitrary, Nitrate, Nitrazepam, Nitre and Mining Bureau, Nitric acid, Nitrocellulose, Nitrogen, Norsk Hydro Rjukan, Okara City, Okara District, Ole Borch, Omega (barque), Organ Cave, Oriental Powder Company, Ottoman invasion of the Balearic Islands (1558), Outline of alchemy, Oxidizing agent, Oxygen, Oxygen balance, Pa Chay Vue, Padirac Cave, Palladium(II) oxide, Paper cartridge, Passat (ship), Phan Xích Long, Pharmacopoeia, Photographic emulsion, PNNM, Political history of Mysore and Coorg (1565–1760), Polonium dioxide, Portuguese conquest of the Jaffna kingdom, Potash, Potassium, Potassium bisulfate, Potassium bromide, Potassium chlorate, Potassium chloride, Potassium deficiency (plants), Potassium ferrate, Potassium iodide, Potassium nitrate (data page), Potassium nitrite, Potassium oxide, Potassium permanganate, Potassium picrate, Potosi (barque), Powder mill, Preußen (ship), Preuilly Abbey, Private Investigator!, Propellant, Prosciutto, Pseudallescheria boydii, Pyrotechnic composition, Pyrotechnic fastener, Pyrotechnic initiator, Qassam rocket, Quedagh Merchant, Ramon Barba, Ratcliff, Réveillon riots, Rebreather, Reference materials for stable isotope analysis, Restoration of the Sistine Chapel frescoes, Rice Solar Energy Project, River Eden, Kent, Rjukan Line, Robert Harvey (businessman), Rocket candy, Rocket propellant, Rubidium nitrate, Ruthenium, Salinity, Salitre, Salt bridge, Saltpeter (disambiguation), Sam Eyde, San Miguel Ixtapan (archaeological site), Sand Mountain (Alabama), Saucisson, Sausage making, Sauta Cave National Wildlife Refuge, Scarification (botany), Scipione Breislak, Seasoning, Selma, Alabama in the American Civil War, Sendivogius, Senko hanabi, Sensodyne, SF Hydro, Shen Kuo, Shuja ul-Mulk, Silver sulfide, Silybum marianum, Singijeon, Sipsey Wilderness, Sir Edward Littleton, 1st Baronet, Slow match, Smoke composition, Smoke Hole Canyon, Smokeless powder, Sodium azide, Sodium nitrate, Solar energy, Solar power tower, Solar thermal energy, Solid-propellant rocket, Solubility chart, Solubility table, Sorbitol, Sparkler, Spiced beef, Spider silk, Spirulina (dietary supplement), Sporobolomyces koalae, Storm glass, Streatham (1805 EIC ship), Strong electrolyte, Strontium chloride, Stun grenade, Sucrose, Sulfur, Sulfuric acid, Suomen Joutsen, Tašmajdan Park, Taltal, Tequisquiapan, The Solar Project, The Time Tunnel, Themis (solar power plant), Thermal energy storage, Tiangong Kaiwu, Timeline of Chilean history, Timeline of science and engineering in the Islamic world, TNT equivalent, Tocopilla, Toilet (room), Tonite (explosive), Tooth whitening, Toothpaste, Touchpaper, Toughened glass, Tree stump, Trent Affair, Tubri, Tucker's Town, Bermuda, Twickenham, United States Air Force Honor Guard, Up the Chastity Belt, Urea phosphate, USS Hope (1861), USS Stettin (1861), Valle Solar Power Station, Van Buren County, Tennessee, Vannoccio Biringuccio, Viña del Mar, Villa Guerrero, Jalisco, Villejuif leaflet, Virginia and Tennessee Railroad, Waltham Abbey Royal Gunpowder Mills, War of the Insane, War of the Pacific, Waterways of West Virginia, Watusi (firework), Waveland State Historic Site, West Virginia, William Henry Ashley, William Paxton (MP), Wolf Popper Synagogue, Wujing Zongyao, Wyandotte Caves, Yuan dynasty, Yusuf ibn Ismail al-Kutubi, Zakłady Azotowe Puławy, 11th century, 1776 (musical), 1957 in spaceflight, 2007 bomb plot in Copenhagen, 2014 Bangalore bombing, 2015 Tianjin explosions, 21-gun salute, 270. 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The Abbasid Caliphate (or ٱلْخِلافَةُ ٱلْعَبَّاسِيَّة) was the third of the Islamic caliphates to succeed the Islamic prophet Muhammad.
The Benedictine Abbey of Saint-Germain-des-Prés, just beyond the outskirts of early medieval Paris, was the burial place of Merovingian kings of Neustria.
Age of Empires III: The Asian Dynasties is the second expansion pack for the real-time strategy video game Age of Empires III developed through a collaboration between Ensemble Studios and Big Huge Games, and published by Microsoft Game Studios.
Algaculture is a form of aquaculture involving the farming of species of algae.
The alkali metals are a group (column) in the periodic table consisting of the chemical elements lithium (Li), sodium (Na), potassium (K),The symbols Na and K for sodium and potassium are derived from their Latin names, natrium and kalium; these are still the names for the elements in some languages, such as German and Russian.
*Do not confuse with alkali metal nitrite or alkali metal nitride. Alkali metal nitrates are chemical compounds consisting of an alkali metal (lithium, sodium, potassium, rubidium and caesium) and the nitrate ion.
The Alum Cave Trail (also referred to as Alum Cave Bluff Trail) is an American hiking trail in the Great Smoky Mountains National Park, in Sevier County, Tennessee.
Amadou is a spongy material derived from ''Fomes fomentarius'' fungi that grow on the bark of coniferous and angiosperm trees, and have the appearance of a horse's hoof (thus the name "horse fungus").
Amateur chemistry or home chemistry is the pursuit of chemistry as a private hobby.
Ammonia is a compound of nitrogen and hydrogen with the formula NH3.
Ammonium nitrate is a chemical compound, the nitrate salt of the ammonium cation.
An anaphrodisiac (also antaphrodisiac or antiaphrodisiac) is a substance that quells or blunts the libido.
Ancón is a district of northern Lima Province in Peru.
The Andasol solar power station is a 150-megawatt (MW) concentrated solar power station and Europe's first commercial plant to use parabolic troughs.
Anders Chydenius (26 February 1729 – 1 February 1803) was a Finnish priest and a member of the Swedish Riksdag, and is known as the leading classical liberal of Nordic history.
Andreas Sigismund Marggraf (3 March 1709 – 7 August 1782) was a German chemist from Berlin, then capital of the Margraviate of Brandenburg, and a pioneer of analytical chemistry.
In pre-modern medicine, antihecticum poterii was a celebrated chemical preparation for use in hectic disorders.
An antimonial cup was a small half-pint mug or cup cast in antimony popular in Europe during the 17th and 18th centuries.
The Antofagasta Region (Región de Antofagasta.) is one of Chile's fifteen first-order administrative divisions.
Antoine Baumé (26 February 172815 October 1804) was a French chemist.
Antoni Gaudí i Cornet (25 June 1852 – 10 June 1926) was a Spanish architect from Catalonia.
Aphronitre, or aphronitrum, is a kind of nitre, mentioned in ancient texts.
The Armenian community of Dhaka played a significant role in Bengali trade and commerce in the 17th and 18th centuries.
Arsenic pentoxide is the inorganic compound with the formula As2O5.
Automatic fire suppression systems control and extinguish fires without human intervention.
Aydingkol, Aydingkul (Mongol) or Ayding is a lake in the Turpan Depression, Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, PR China.
The Église Saint-Paul is a Roman Catholic church located in Lyon, France.
Österlånggatan (Eastern Long Street) is a street in Gamla stan, the old town of Stockholm, Sweden.
Bacon is a type of salt-cured pork.
Ball propellant is a form of nitrocellulose used in small arms cartridges.
Ballincollig Royal Gunpowder Mills was one of three Royal gunpowder mills that manufactured gunpowder for the British Government.
Balthazar P. Melick (also known as Baltus) (October 26, 1770 – November 20, 1835), an American merchant and banker, was the founder of Chemical Bank in 1823.
Barium ferrite, abbreviated BaFe, BaM, is the chemical compound with the formula BaFe12O19.
Batala is the eighth largest city in the state of Punjab, India in terms of population after Ludhiana, Amritsar, Jalandhar, Patiala, Bathinda, Mohali and Hoshiarpur.
Beef is the culinary name for meat from cattle, particularly skeletal muscle.
Benjamin Worsley (1618–1673) was an English physician, Surveyor-General of Ireland, experimental scientist, civil servant and intellectual figure of Commonwealth England.
Bernard Courtois, also spelled Barnard Courtois, (8 February 1777 – 27 September 1838) was a French chemist credited with first isolating iodine and morphine.
Bezenye is a village in Győr-Moson-Sopron county, Hungary (Croatian Bizonja, German Pallersdorf, Slovak Beziň).
(Big) Bone Cave is a cave located in Van Buren County, Tennessee, in the community of Bone Cave that is named after it.
The Billingham Manufacturing Plant is a large chemical works based in the Borough of Stockton-on-Tees, England.
Biltong is a form of dried, cured meat that originated in Botswana, South Africa, Zimbabwe and Namibia.
Bismuth is a chemical element with symbol Bi and atomic number 83.
A black powder rocket motor propels a model rocket using black powder.
A black powder substitute is a replacement for black powder used in muzzleloading and cartridge firearms.
Blast fishing or dynamite fishing is the practice of using explosives to stun or kill schools of fish for easy collection.
Bluing is a passivation process in which steel is partially protected against rust, and is named after the blue-black appearance of the resulting protective finish.
A bomb is an explosive weapon that uses the exothermic reaction of an explosive material to provide an extremely sudden and violent release of energy.
Bone Cave (also Big Bone Cave or Bonecave) is an unincorporated community in Van Buren County, Tennessee, United States.
In geometry and crystallography, a Bravais lattice, named after, is an infinite array of discrete points in three dimensional space generated by a set of discrete translation operations described by: where ni are any integers and ai are known as the primitive vectors which lie in different directions and span the lattice.
Broad Street is a narrow street located in the Financial District in the New York City borough of Manhattan.
Buchanan State Forest is a Pennsylvania State Forest in Pennsylvania Bureau of Forestry District #2.
Cades Cove is an isolated valley located in the Tennessee section of the Great Smoky Mountains National Park, USA.
Caesium nitrate or cesium nitrate is a chemical compound with the chemical formula CsNO3.
Calcium nitrate, also called Norgessalpeter (Norwegian saltpeter), is an inorganic compound with the formula Ca(NO3)2.
Caliche is a sedimentary rock, a hardened natural cement of calcium carbonate that binds other materials—such as gravel, sand, clay, and silt.
California Powder Works was the first American explosive powder manufacturing company west of the Rocky Mountains.
Campbell County is a county located in the U.S. state of Tennessee.
Canadian Pacific Air Lines Flight 21 was a scheduled domestic flight from Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, to Whitehorse, Yukon, Canada via Prince George, Fort St. John, Fort Nelson and Watson Lake on Thursday, July 8, 1965.
Cannon operation required specialised crew and gunners, who were first enlisted by the Spanish in the 14th century.
Carbonite was one of the earliest and most successful coal-mining explosives.
A carcass was an early form of incendiary bomb or shell, intended to set targets on fire.
Johann Carl Kaiserling (February 3, 1869 - August 20, 1942) was a German pathologist who was a native of Kassel-Wehlheiden.
Carl Wilhelm Scheele (9 December 1742 – 21 May 1786) was a Swedish Pomeranian and German pharmaceutical chemist.
Carlisle v. United States,, was a United States Supreme Court case in which the Court ruled that "n alien, whilst domiciled in the country, owes a local and temporary allegiance, which continues during the period of his residence." The case has been cited in articles discussing the "culture defense" in criminal law.
A caustic pencil (or silver nitrate stick) is a device for applying topical medication containing silver nitrate and potassium nitrate, used to chemically cauterize skin, providing hemostasis or permanently destroying unwanted tissue such as a wart, skin tag, aphthous ulcers, or over-production of granulation tissue.
Cerium nitrate refers to a family of nitrates of cerium in the three or four oxidation state.
Cha siu bao is a Cantonese barbecue-pork-filled bun (baozi).
Charcuterie (or; northern or southern, from chair "meat" and cuit "cooked") is the branch of cooking devoted to prepared meat products, such as bacon, ham, sausage, terrines, galantines, ballotines, pâtés, and confit, primarily from pork.
Chemical Bank was a bank with headquarters in New York City from 1824 until 1996.
A chemical reaction is a process that leads to the transformation of one set of chemical substances to another.
Chemical warfare (CW) involves using the toxic properties of chemical substances as weapons.
Chemically strengthened glass is a type of glass that has increased strength as a result of a post-production chemical process.
Chemische Fabrik Kalk (CFK) (lit. Chemical Factory Kalk) was a German chemicals company based in Kalk, a city district of Cologne.
The Cherry Street Historic District is a historic district in Florence, Alabama.
Chhapra (Chapra) is a city and headquarters of the Saran district in the Indian state of Bihar.
Choe Mu-Seon (1325–1395) was a medieval Korean scientist, inventor, and military commander during the late Goryeo Dynasty and early Joseon Dynasty.
CHU 13 medium is a culture medium used in microbiology for the growth of certain algal species, first published by S.P. Chu in 1942.
Chilean cinema refers to all films produced in Chile or made by Chileans.
The Citadel of Saigon (Thành Sài Gòn) also known as the Citadel of Gia Dinh (Thành Gia Định) was a late 18th-century fortress that stood in Saigon (also known in the 19th century as Gia Dinh, now Ho Chi Minh City), Vietnam from its construction in 1790 until its destruction in February 1859.
Coffee High School was a public high school in Florence, Alabama.
Cold is the presence of low temperature, especially in the atmosphere.
Colored fire is a common pyrotechnic effect used in stage productions, fireworks and by fire performers the world over.
The Colt Army Model 1860 is a cap & ball.44-caliber single-action revolver used during the American Civil War made by Colt's Manufacturing Company.
Concentrated solar power (also called concentrating solar power, concentrated solar thermal, and CSP) systems generate solar power by using mirrors or lenses to concentrate a large area of sunlight, or solar thermal energy, onto a small area.
Condensed aerosol fire suppression is a particle-based form of fire extinction similar to gaseous fire suppression or dry chemical fire extinction.
* Cordite is a family of smokeless propellants developed and produced in the United Kingdom since 1889 to replace gunpowder as a military propellant.
Corned beef is a salt-cured beef product.
Cornelis Jacobszoon Drebbel (1572 – 7 November 1633) was a Dutch engineer and inventor.
Craighead Caverns is an extensive cave system located in between Sweetwater and Madisonville, Tennessee.
The critical relative humidity (CRH) of a salt is defined as the relative humidity of the surrounding atmosphere (at a certain temperature) at which the material begins to absorb moisture from the atmosphere and below which it will not absorb atmospheric moisture.
Cryptococcus (Greek for "hidden sphere") is a genus of fungi, which grow in culture as yeasts.
The culture of Luxembourg refers to the cultural life and traditions of Luxembourg.
Cumberland Caverns is a national natural landmark and show cave located in McMinnville.
Cumberland County is a county located in the U.S. state of Tennessee.
Cupronickel (also known as copper-nickel) is an alloy of copper that contains nickel and strengthening elements, such as iron and manganese.
Curing is any of various food preservation and flavoring processes of foods such as meat, fish and vegetables, by the addition of combinations of salt, nitrates, nitrites,.
Curing salts are used in food preservation to prevent or slow spoilage by bacteria or fungus.
DeKalb County is a county located in the U.S. state of Tennessee.
Denny Lodge is a large civil parish in the New Forest in Hampshire, England.
Dentin hypersensitivity (abbreviated to DH, or DHS, and also termed sensitive dentin, dentin sensitivity, cervical sensitivity, and cervical hypersensitivity) is dental pain which is sharp in character and of short duration, arising from exposed dentin surfaces in response to stimuli, typically thermal, evaporative, tactile, osmotic, chemical or electrical; and which cannot be ascribed to any other dental disease.
Dina Nagar is a town and a municipal council in Gurdaspur district in the state of Punjab, India.
Dunbar Cave State Park is a 110 acre (450,000 m²) park in Clarksville, Tennessee, situated around Dunbar Cave.
E numbers are codes for substances that are permitted to be used as food additives for use within the European Union and EFTA.
Early thermal weapons were devices or substances used in warfare during the classical and medieval periods (approx 8th century BC until the mid-16th century AD) which used heat or burning action to destroy or damage enemy personnel, fortifications or territories.
The East India Company (EIC), also known as the Honourable East India Company (HEIC) or the British East India Company and informally as John Company, was an English and later British joint-stock company, formed to trade with the East Indies (in present-day terms, Maritime Southeast Asia), but ended up trading mainly with Qing China and seizing control of large parts of the Indian subcontinent.
Chile is ranked as a high-income economy by the World Bank, and is considered as South America's most stable and prosperous nation, leading Latin American nations in competitiveness, income per capita, globalization, economic freedom, and low perception of corruption.
For over three centuries during the Song dynasty (960–1279) China experienced sustained growth in per capita income and population, structural change in the economy, and increased pace of technological innovation.
From 1802 to 1921, Eleutherian Mills was a gunpowder mill site used for the manufacture of explosives by the Du Pont family business.
The Elk River is a tributary of the Tennessee River in the U.S. states of Tennessee and Alabama.
Emery Molyneux (died June 1598) was an English Elizabethan maker of globes, mathematical instruments and ordnance.
Empire Earth II is a real-time strategy video game developed by Mad Doc Software and published by Vivendi Universal Games on April 26, 2005.
Ethylene glycol dinitrate (EGDN,NGc), also known as nitroglycol, is a chemical compound a colorless, oily explosive liquid obtained by nitrating ethylene glycol.
European hazard symbols for chemicals are pictograms defined by the European Union for labeling chemical packaging (for storage and workplace) and containers (for transportation).
An explosive material, also called an explosive, is a reactive substance that contains a great amount of potential energy that can produce an explosion if released suddenly, usually accompanied by the production of light, heat, sound, and pressure.
A fertilizer (American English) or fertiliser (British English; see spelling differences) is any material of natural or synthetic origin (other than liming materials) that is applied to soils or to plant tissues to supply one or more plant nutrients essential to the growth of plants.
A, or, was a weapon launched by Japan during World War II.
Fireworks are a class of low explosive pyrotechnic devices used for aesthetic and entertainment purposes.
A flare, also sometimes called a fusee, is a type of pyrotechnic that produces a brilliant light or intense heat without an explosion.
Flash powder is a pyrotechnic composition, a mixture of oxidizer and metallic fuel, which burns quickly and if confined produces a loud report.
Terry Pratchett's fictional Discworld has a large number of creatures and plants unique to it or its parasite universes (such as Fairyland or Death's Domain).
Since its return to democracy in 1990, Chile has been an active participant in the regional and international arena.
Forge welding (FOW) is a solid-state welding process that joins two pieces of metal by heating them to a high temperature and then hammering them together.
Fort Spring is an unincorporated community and coal town in Greenbrier County, West Virginia, USA.
The Franco-Ottoman alliance, also Franco-Turkish alliance, was an alliance established in 1536 between the king of France Francis I and the Turkish sultan of the Ottoman Empire Suleiman the Magnificent.
Free Frank McWorter (1777–September 7, 1854) was an American slave who bought his own freedom and in 1836 founded the town of New Philadelphia in Illinois; he was the first African American to found a town in the United States.
The French Republican Calendar (calendrier républicain français), also commonly called the French Revolutionary Calendar (calendrier révolutionnaire français), was a calendar created and implemented during the French Revolution, and used by the French government for about 12 years from late 1793 to 1805, and for 18 days by the Paris Commune in 1871.
Friedrich Christian Accum or Frederick Accum (March 29, 1769 – June 28, 1838) was a German chemist, whose most important achievements included advances in the field of gas lighting, efforts to keep processed foods free from dangerous additives, and the promotion of interest in the science of chemistry to the general populace.
A frigorific mixture is a mixture of two or more phases in a chemical system that, so long as none of the phases is consumed during equilibration, reaches an equilibrium temperature that is independent of the starting temperature of the phases before they are mixed.
Fullerene chemistry is a field of organic chemistry devoted to the chemical properties of fullerenes.
Fults is a village in the Renault precinct of Monroe County, Illinois, United States.
In an explosive, pyrotechnic device, or military munition, a fuse (or fuze) is the part of the device that initiates function.
Gatlinburg is a mountain resort city in Sevier County, Tennessee, United States.
Gelignite, also known as blasting gelatin or simply jelly, is an explosive material consisting of collodion-cotton (a type of nitrocellulose or gun cotton) dissolved in either nitroglycerine or nitroglycol and mixed with wood pulp and saltpetre (sodium nitrate or potassium nitrate).
The geology of Chile is a result of the Andean and preceding orogenies occurring on the western coast of South America, a convergent boundary of tectonic plates.
George Washington Helme (May 18, 1822 – June 16, 1893) was the founder of Helmetta, New Jersey.
Germany Valley is a scenic upland valley high in the Allegheny Mountains of eastern West Virginia originally settled by German (including Pennsylvania Dutch) farmers in the mid-18th Century.
Gilding is any decorative technique for applying fine gold leaf or powder to solid surfaces such as wood, stone, or metal to give a thin coating of gold.
This is a list of common chemical compounds with chemical formulas and CAS numbers, indexed by formula.
The following are terms related to firearms and ammunition topics.
Gluma is a brand-name desensitizer, used in dentistry to treat sensitivity, product created by manufacturer Heraeus Kulzer, a German company.
Gold parting is the separating of gold from silver.
The Grande Armée (French for Great Army) was the army commanded by Napoleon during the Napoleonic Wars.
Grassy Cove is an enclosed valley in Cumberland County, Tennessee, United States.
The Great New York City Fire of 1845 broke out on July 19, 1845.
The Great Saltpetre Cave is a notable limestone cave located in Rockcastle County in southeastern Kentucky.
The Great Smoky Mountains are a mountain range rising along the Tennessee–North Carolina border in the southeastern United States.
Greek fire was an incendiary weapon used by the Eastern Roman (Byzantine) Empire that was first developed.
Green is the color between blue and yellow on the visible spectrum.
Green mix is an early step in the manufacturing of black powder for explosives.
The Greenbrier River is a tributary of the New River, long,McNeel, William P. "Greenbrier River." The West Virginia Encyclopedia.
The Greenbrier River Watershed Association is one of the oldest watershed associations in the state of West Virginia, currently on its 15th year of existence.
A gun is a tubular ranged weapon typically designed to pneumatically discharge projectiles that are solid (most guns) but can also be liquid (as in water guns/cannons and projected water disruptors) or even charged particles (as in a plasma gun) and may be free-flying (as with bullets and artillery shells) or tethered (as with Taser guns, spearguns and harpoon guns).
Gunpowder, also known as black powder to distinguish it from modern smokeless powder, is the earliest known chemical explosive.
Artillery in the Middle Ages primarily consisted of the introduction of the cannon, large tubular firearms designed to fire a heavy projectile over a long dog.
Haifa Chemicals Ltd. is a private international corporation which primarily manufactures Potassium Nitrate for agriculture and industry, specialty plant nutrients and food phosphates.
Ham is pork from a leg cut that has been preserved by wet or dry curing, with or without smoking.
Hamilton County is a county located in the U.S. state of Tennessee.
The firm of Harrison Ainslie & Co. was a British firm of ironmasters and iron ore merchants, selling high quality haematite from their mines on Lindal Moor to smelters in Glasgow, Scotland, South Wales and the Midlands.
The Hazard Powder Company is a former American manufacturer of gunpowder and explosives.
Hennig Brand (c. 1630c. 1692 or c. 1710) was a merchant and alchemist in Hamburg.
The Historic Villages of Shirakawa-gō and Gokayama are one of Japan's UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
Banbury is a circa 1,500-year-old market town and civil parish on the River Cherwell in the Cherwell District of Oxfordshire, England.
The history of Bihar is one of the most varied in India.
The history of chemistry represents a time span from ancient history to the present.
The History of East Asia covers the people inhabiting the eastern subregion of the Asian continent known as East Asia from prehistoric times to the present.
Gunpowder is the first physical explosive.
The History of Mangalore dates back to the 3rd century BC and has been ruled by a number of rulers like the Kadambas and Vira Harihararaya II.
Ancient Chinese scientists and engineers made significant scientific innovations, findings and technological advances across various scientific disciplines including the natural sciences, engineering, medicine, military technology, mathematics, geology and astronomy.
Christian missionaries arrived with Francis Xavier and the Jesuits in the 1540s and briefly flourished, with over 100,000 converts, including many daimyōs in Kyushu.
After the Chinese invented black powder during the 9th century, these inventions were later transmitted to the Middle East, Africa, and Europe.
When to date the start of the history of the Jaffna kingdom is debated among historians.
Jews have a long history in the country now known as Hungary, with some records even predating the AD 895 Hungarian conquest of the Carpathian Basin by over 600 years.
The history of water supply and sanitation is one of a logistical challenge to provide clean water and sanitation systems since the dawn of civilization.
Humans have used weapons in warfare, hunting, self-defense, law enforcement, and criminal activity for thousands of years.
HMS Vanguard was a 74-gun third-rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy, launched on 6 March 1787 at Deptford.
Hubbard's Cave is a cave and 50-acre (0.2 km²) natural area located 10 miles (16 km) southeast of McMinnville in Warren County, Tennessee.
Humberstone and Santa Laura Saltpeter Works are two former saltpeter refineries located in northern Chile.
A hwacha or hwach'a (화차; 火車) (fire cart) was a multiple rocket launcher developed by Korea based on ancient Han Chinese technological innovations, and first deployed in the defence of the Korean peninsula against Japanese invasions in the 1590s.
Hydro Transport AS was a railway- and shipping company responsible for the transport of chemicals from Norsk Hydro Rjukan.
Hydroponics is a subset of hydroculture, the method of growing plants without soil, using mineral nutrient solutions in a water solvent.
Incense is aromatic biotic material which releases fragrant smoke when burned.
Inconfidência Mineira ("Minas Gerais Conspiracy") was an unsuccessful separatist movement in Brazil in 1789.
Chemistry (from Egyptian kēme (chem), meaning "earth") is the physical science concerned with the composition, structure, and properties of matter, as well as the changes it undergoes during chemical reactions.
This is a list of common inorganic and organometallic compounds of each element.
Internal ballistics (also interior ballistics), a subfield of ballistics, is the study of the propulsion of a projectile.
The International Numbering System for Food Additives (INS) is a European-based naming system for food additives, aimed at providing a short designation of what may be a lengthy actual name.
Investment is the military process of surrounding an enemy fort (or town) with armed forces to prevent entry or escape.
Iodine is a chemical element with symbol I and atomic number 53.
Iquique is a port city and commune in northern Chile, capital of both the Iquique Province and Tarapacá Region.
John Whiteside "Jack" Parsons (born Marvel Whiteside Parsons; October 2, 1914 – June 17, 1952) was an American rocket engineer and rocket propulsion researcher, chemist, and Thelemite occultist.
James Thomas Humberstone (8 July 1850 – 12 June 1939) was an English chemical engineer.
Jean Benoît Vincent Barré (Seine-Port, Seine-et-Marne, January 22, 1735 - Seine-Port 27 January 1824) was a French architect.
Jean-Pierre Rivalz (c. 1625 – 17 May 1706) was a French painter.
Jeewanu (Sanskrit for "particles of life") are synthetic chemical particles that possess cell-like structure and seem to have some functional properties; that is, they are a model of primitive cells, or protocells.
Joan Geelvinck (7 July 1644 – 21 May 1707) was a Dutch merchant and politician who followed his father Cornelis and younger brother Albert on the city council of Amsterdam.
João da Silva Barbosa or João da Silva Feijó, (1760 Rio de Janeiro – 1824), was a naturalist, mineralogist and Portuguese soldier, born in Brazil.
Job Charnock (–1692/1693) was an employee and administrator of the English East India Company, and traditionally regarded as the founder of the city of Kolkata.
Johann Friedrich (Fritz) Höger (12 June 1877 – 21 June 1949) was a German architect from Bekenreihe, Steinburg, Schleswig-Holstein in Northern Germany.
Johann Rudolf Glauber (10 March 1604 – 16 March 1670) was a German-Dutch alchemist and chemist.
Johannesgränd (Swedish: "Alley of John") is an alley in Gamla stan, the old town of Stockholm, Sweden, connecting Skeppsbron to Österlånggatan.
Colonel John Stuart (17 March 1749 in Augusta County, Virginia – 18 August 1823 in Greenbrier County, Virginia now West Virginia) was a Revolutionary War commander and pioneering western Virginia settler.
John Work House and Mill Site is a site listed on the National Register of Historic Places in Indiana just outside Charlestown, owned by the Lincoln Heritage Council, (BSA), as part of the Tunnel Mill Scout Reservation.
Joshua Ward (1685–1761) was an English doctor, most remembered for the invention of Friar's Balsam.
Josiah Gorgas (July 1, 1818 – May 15, 1883) was one of the few Northern-born Confederate generals and was later president of the University of Alabama.
During the War of 1812, Kentucky supplied numerous troops and supplies to the war effort.
Kerak Castle is a large Crusader castle located in al-Karak, Jordan.
Khanfar, Hadhramaut is a village in eastern Yemen.
King's Sutton is a village and civil parish in South Northamptonshire, England in the valley of the River Cherwell.
The Japanese term, from Portuguese cristão (cf. Kristang), referred to Roman Catholic Christians in Japanese and is used in Japanese texts as a historiographic term for Roman Catholics in Japan in the 16th and 17th centuries.
Korea General Chemicals Trading Corporation is a North Korean chemical conglomerate.
Kruševlje (Крушевље) is a small settlement (hamlet) in Serbia.
The labeling of fertilizers varies by country in terms of analysis methodology, nutrient labeling, and minimum nutrient requirements.
Laflin & Rand Powder Company was a gunpowder and early smokeless powder manufacturer notable for producing the smokeless powder used by United States Army infantry rifles from 1896 to 1908, which included the period of development of the M1903 Springfield rifle and.30-06 Springfield cartridge.
Laki or Lakagígar (Craters of Laki) is a volcanic fissure in the south of Iceland, not far from the canyon of Eldgjá and the small village of Kirkjubæjarklaustur.
Lammot du Pont I (April 13, 1831 – March 29, 1884) was a chemist and a key member of the du Pont family and its company in the mid-19th century.
Lant is a word for aged urine, originating from the Old English word land referring to urine in general.
The Liber Ignium ad Comburendos Hostes (translated as On the Use of Fire to Conflagrate the Enemy, or Book of Fires for the Burning of Enemies, and abbreviated as Book of Fires) is a medieval collection of recipes for incendiary weapons, including Greek fire and gunpowder, written in Latin and allegedly written by a certain Marcus Graecus ("Mark the Greek")—a person whose existence is debated by scholars.
Alchemical studies produced a number of substances, which were later classified as particular chemical compounds or mixtures of compounds.
The following is a list of characters appearing on the MTV cartoon series Beavis and Butt-Head, each with a description.
A cannon is any large tubular firearm designed to fire a heavy projectile over a long distance.
This is a list of CAS numbers by chemical formulas and chemical compounds, indexed by formula.
Many chemicals are commonly available in pure form.
This is a list of energy storage projects worldwide, other than pumped hydro storage.
;Acids: Food acids are added to make flavors "sharper", and also act as preservatives and antioxidants.
The following is a list of ghost towns, listed by continent, then by country.
Although most compounds are referred to by their IUPAC systematic names (following IUPAC nomenclature), "traditional" names have also been kept where they are in wide use or of significant historical interests.
This is a list of ions, indexed according to the periodic table.
The List of shipwrecks of the Seven Stones Reef lists the ships which sank on or near the reef, including ships that sustained a damaged hull, which were later refloated and repaired.
This is a timeline of the militant incidents in Saudi Arabia, derived from reports in the Saudi media and other sources.
The UN numbers from UN1401 to UN1500 as assigned by the United Nations Committee of Experts on the Transport of Dangerous Goods.
Lithium nitrate is an inorganic compound with the formula LiNO3.
The Locust Street Historic District is a historic district in Florence, Alabama.
Louis-Sébastien Lenormand (May 25, 1757 – April 4, 1837) was a French chemist, physicist, inventor and the world's first pioneer in modern sport parachuting.
Magnesium nitrate refers to inorganic compounds with the formula Mg(NO3)2(H2O)x, where x.
Mammoth Cave National Park is a U.S. national park in central Kentucky, encompassing portions of Mammoth Cave, the longest cave system known in the world.
Mangalore, officially known as Mangaluru, is the chief port city of the Indian state of Karnataka.
In inorganic nomenclature, a manganate is any negatively charged molecular entity with manganese as the central atom.
Mannitol motility medium is a bacterial growth medium used to detect the ability of bacteria to ferment mannite and produce nitrogen gas; and to indicate the motility of the organism.
Marion County is a county located in the U.S. state of Tennessee.
Maritime history of Europe includes past events relating to the northwestern region of Eurasia in areas concerning shipping and shipbuilding, shipwrecks, naval battles, and military installations and lighthouses constructed to protect or aid navigation and the development of Europe.
Matas is a Danish based business, founded in 1949, that operates a chain of drug stores across Denmark.
Matthew Laflin (December 16, 1803 – May 21, 1897) was an American manufacturer of gunpowder, businessman, philanthropist, and an early pioneer of Chicago, Illinois.
Meal powder is the fine dust left over when black powder (gunpowder) is corned and screened to separate it into different grain sizes.
The Medway and its tributaries and sub-tributaries have been used for over 1,150 years as a source of power.
Megalonyx (Greek, "large claw") is an extinct genus of ground sloths of the family Megalonychidae endemic to North America from the Hemphillian of the Late Miocene through to the Rancholabrean of the Pleistocene, living from ~10.3 Mya—11,000 years ago, existing for approximately.
Meramec Caverns is the collective name for a cavern system in the Ozarks, near Stanton, Missouri.
The Mining industry in India is a major economic activity which contributes significantly to the economy of India.
Minol (pronounced mine-ol) is a military explosive developed by the British Admiralty early in the Second World War to augment supplies of trinitrotoluene (TNT) and RDX, which were then in short supply.
The Mirjan Fort (kn:ಮಿರ್ಜಾನ್ ಕೋಟೆ) is located on the west coast of the Uttara Kannada district in the southern Indian state of Karnataka.
Molten salt is salt which is solid at standard temperature and pressure (STP) but enters the liquid phase due to elevated temperature.
A monopoly (from Greek μόνος mónos and πωλεῖν pōleîn) exists when a specific person or enterprise is the only supplier of a particular commodity.
Monroe County is a county in the U.S. state of West Virginia.
Montgomery County is a county located in the U.S. state of Tennessee.
Mor Karima (Punjabi: ਮੋਰ ਕਰੀਮਾ) is a village in Sidhwan Bet Mandal located in Ludhiana, Punjab, India.
Murashige and Skoog medium (or MSO or MS0 (MS-zero)) is a plant growth medium used in the laboratories for cultivation of plant cell culture.
Museum Street is a street in the Bloomsbury area of the London Borough of Camden, England.
The terms Muslim world and Islamic world commonly refer to the unified Islamic community (Ummah), consisting of all those who adhere to the religion of Islam, or to societies where Islam is practiced.
The cast of the television series MythBusters perform experiments to verify or debunk urban legends, old wives' tales, and the like.
Naem (แหนม,, also referred to as nham, naem moo, naem maw, and chin som) is a pork sausage in Thai cuisine.
The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine (also known as "NASEM" or "the National Academies") is the collective scientific national academy of the United States.
This is an alphabetic list of achievements in science and technology made by Indigenous peoples of the Americas during the 13,500 years or more that they have inhabited the American continent.
Natron is a naturally occurring mixture of sodium carbonate decahydrate (Na2CO3·10H2O, a kind of soda ash) and around 17% sodium bicarbonate (also called baking soda, NaHCO3) along with small quantities of sodium chloride and sodium sulfate.
The ill-defined area known as "Nickajack" generally refers to the rugged Appalachian foothills in eastern Tennessee and northeastern Alabama.
Nickajack Cave is a large, partially flooded cave in Marion County, Tennessee.
Niter, or nitre (chiefly British), is the mineral form of potassium nitrate, KNO3, also known as saltpeter or saltpetre.
The Niter and Mining Corps was a military unit within the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War.
A nitrary is a place of production of potassium nitrate or saltpetre used primarily for the manufacture of gunpowder.
Nitrate is a polyatomic ion with the molecular formula and a molecular mass of 62.0049 u.
Nitrazepam (brand names Alodorm and Mogadon, among others) is a hypnotic drug of the benzodiazepine class used for short-term relief from severe, disabling anxiety and insomnia.
The Confederate Nitre and Mining Bureau was a civilian government bureau to provide the Confederate States of America with needed materials such as copper, iron, lead, saltpeter, sulfur, zinc, and other metals.
Nitric acid (HNO3), also known as aqua fortis (Latin for "strong water") and spirit of niter, is a highly corrosive mineral acid.
Nitrocellulose (also known as cellulose nitrate, flash paper, flash cotton, guncotton, and flash string) is a highly flammable compound formed by nitrating cellulose through exposure to nitric acid or another powerful nitrating agent.
Nitrogen is a chemical element with symbol N and atomic number 7.
Norsk Hydro Rjukan is an industrial facility operated by Norsk Hydro at Rjukan in Tinn, Norway, from 1911 to 1991.
Okara (Punjabi, اوکاڑا), is the capital city of Okara District in the Punjab province of Pakistan.
Okara District (Punjabi and ضِلع اوكاڑا), is a district of Sahiwal Division in Punjab, Pakistan.
Ole Borch (Jutland, 1626 – 1690) (latinized to Olaus Borrichius or Olaus Borrichus) was a Danish scientist, physician, grammarian, and poet, most famous today for being the teacher at the Vor Frue Skole in Copenhagen of Nicholas Steno.
The Omega (named the Drumcliff until 1898) was a four-masted, steel-hulled barque built in Greenock, Scotland in 1887.
Organ Cave is a large and historic cave in Greenbrier County, West Virginia, USA.
Oriental Powder Company was a gunpowder manufacturer with mills located on the Presumpscot River in Gorham and Windham, Maine.
An Ottoman raid of the Balearic islands was accomplished by the Ottoman Empire in 1558, against the Spanish Habsburg territory of the Balearic islands.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to alchemy: Alchemy – A philosophical tradition recognized as protoscience, that includes the application of Hermetic principles, and practices related to mythology, religion, and spirituality.
In chemistry, an oxidizing agent (oxidant, oxidizer) is a substance that has the ability to oxidize other substances — in other words to cause them to lose electrons.
Oxygen is a chemical element with symbol O and atomic number 8.
Oxygen balance (OB, or OB%) is an expression that is used to indicate the degree to which an explosive can be oxidized.
Pa Chay Vue, (RPA: Paj Cai Vwj or Puas Cai Vwj), commonly referred to as Pa Chay or Batchai, led the Hmong people in the War of the Insane revolt against French rule in French Indochina from 1918 to 1921.
The Padirac Chasm or Gouffre de Padirac is a cave located near Gramat, in the Lot département, in France.
Palladium(II) oxide is the inorganic compound of formula PdO.
This article addresses older paper small-arms cartridges, for modern metallic small arms cartridges see Cartridge (firearms).
Passat is a German four-masted steel barque and one of the Flying P-Liners, the famous sailing ships of the German shipping company F. Laeisz.
Phan Xích Long, also known as Hồng Long, born Phan Phát Sanh (1893–1916), was a 20th-century Vietnamese mystic and geomancer who claimed to be the Emperor of Vietnam.
A pharmacopoeia, pharmacopeia, or pharmacopoea (literally, “drug-making”), in its modern technical sense, is a book containing directions for the identification of compound medicines, and published by the authority of a government or a medical or pharmaceutical society.
Photographic emulsion is a light-sensitive colloid used in film-based photography.
PNNM is a similar explosive to ANNM, it consists of potassium nitrate and nitromethane in the ratio of 60:40 w/w respectively.
The political history of Mysore and Coorg (1565–1760) is the political history of the contiguous historical regions of Mysore state and Coorg province located on the Deccan Plateau in west-central peninsular India (Map 1).
Polonium dioxide (also known as polonium(IV) oxide) is a chemical compound with the formula PoO2.
The Portuguese conquest of the Jaffna kingdom occurred after Portuguese traders arrived at the rival Kotte Kingdom in the southwest of modern Sri Lanka in 1505.
Potash is some of various mined and manufactured salts that contain potassium in water-soluble form.
Potassium is a chemical element with symbol K (from Neo-Latin kalium) and atomic number 19.
Potassium bisulfate, or in most varieties of English other than US English, Potassium bisulphate, is an inorganic compound with the chemical formula KHSO4 and is the potassium acid salt of sulfuric acid.
Potassium bromide (KBr) is a salt, widely used as an anticonvulsant and a sedative in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, with over-the-counter use extending to 1975 in the US.
Potassium chlorate is a compound containing potassium, chlorine and oxygen atoms, with the molecular formula KClO3.
Potassium chloride (KCl) is a metal halide salt composed of potassium and chlorine.
Potassium deficiency, also known as potash deficiency, is a plant disorder that is most common on light, sandy soils, because potassium ions (K+) are highly soluble and will easily leach from soils without colloids.
Potassium ferrate is the chemical compound with the formula K2FeO4.
Potassium iodide is a chemical compound, medication, and dietary supplement.
Potassium nitrate is an oxidizer so storing it near fire hazards or reducing agents should be avoided to minimise risk in case of a fire.
Potassium nitrite (distinct from potassium nitrate) is the inorganic compound with the chemical formula 2.
Potassium oxide (2O) is an ionic compound of potassium and oxygen.
Potassium permanganate is an inorganic chemical compound and medication.
Potassium picrate, or potassium 2,4,6-trinitrophenolate, is an organic chemical, a picrate of potassium.
Potosi was a five-masted steel barque built in 1895 by Joh. C. Tecklenborg ship yard in Geestemünde, Germany, for the sailing ship company F. Laeisz as a trading vessel.
A powder mill was a mill where gunpowder is made from sulfur, saltpeter and charcoal.
The Preußen (usually Preussen in English) (PROY-sin) was a German steel-hulled five-masted ship-rigged windjammer built in 1902 for the F. Laeisz shipping company and named after the German state and kingdom of Prussia.
Preuilly Abbey (Abbaye de Preuilly; Prulliacum) was a Cistercian monastery in Égligny in the Seine-et-Marne department, France.
Private Investigator! is an adventure story arc of the Philippine comic strip series Pugad Baboy, created by Pol Medina Jr.
A propellant or propellent is a chemical substance used in the production of energy or pressurized gas that is subsequently used to create movement of a fluid or to generate propulsion of a vehicle, projectile, or other object.
Prosciutto (Pronunciation of "Prosciutto". Cambridge dictionaries online.) is an Italian dry-cured ham that is usually thinly sliced and served uncooked; this style is called prosciutto crudo in Italian (or simply crudo) and is distinguished from cooked ham, prosciutto cotto.
Pseudallescheria boydii is a species of fungus classified in the Ascomycota.
A pyrotechnic composition is a substance or mixture of substances designed to produce an effect by heat, light, sound, gas/smoke or a combination of these, as a result of non-detonative self-sustaining exothermic chemical reactions.
A pyrotechnic fastener (also called an explosive bolt, or pyro, within context) is a fastener, usually a nut or bolt, that incorporates a pyrotechnic charge that can be initiated remotely.
A pyrotechnic initiator (also initiator or igniter) is a device containing a pyrotechnic composition used primarily to ignite other, more difficult-to-ignite materials, e.g. thermites, gas generators, and solid-fuel rockets.
The Qassam rocket (صاروخ القسام Ṣārūkh al-Qassām; also Kassam) is a simple, steel artillery rocket developed and deployed by the Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades, the military arm of Hamas.
Quedagh Merchant (Քեդահյան վաճառական Qedahyan Waćařakan), also known as the Cara Merchant and the Adventure Prize,Zacks, p. 266 was an Indian merchant vessel, owned by a man named Coirgi.
Ramon Cabanos Barba (born August 31, 1939, San Nicolas, Ilocos Norte) is a Filipino inventor and horticulturist, UPD.edu.ph best known for inventing a way to induce more flowers in mango trees using ethrel and potassium nitrate.
Ratcliff or Ratcliffe is a former hamlet lying by the north bank of the River Thames.
The Réveillon riots occurred between 26–29 April 1789 centered in the St. Antoine district of Paris where a factory which produced luxury wallpaper was owned by Jean-Baptiste Réveillon.
A rebreather is a breathing apparatus that absorbs the carbon dioxide of a user's exhaled breath to permit the rebreathing (recycling) of the substantially unused oxygen content, and unused inert content when present, of each breath.
Isotopic reference materials are compounds (solids, liquids, gasses) with well-defined isotopic compositions and are the ultimate sources of accuracy in mass spectrometric measurements of isotope ratios.
The conservation-restoration of the frescoes of the Sistine Chapel was one of the most significant conservation-restorations of the 20th century.
The Rice Solar Energy Project was a 150 MW concentrating solar power facility project proposed for Rice Valley in the southern Mojave Desert, within Riverside County in southern California.
The River Eden in West Kent is a tributary of the River Medway.
The Rjukan Line (Rjukanbanen), at first called the Vestfjorddal Line, was a Norwegian railway line running through Vestfjorddalen between Mæl and Rjukan in Telemark.
Sir Robert Harvey (2 October 1847 – 14 March 1930) was a prominent British saltpetre producer in Bolivia, Peru and Chile during the late 19th century.
Rocket Candy, or R-Candy, is a type of rocket propellant for model rockets made with sugar as a fuel, and containing an oxidizer.
Rocket propellant is a material used either directly by a rocket as the reaction mass (propulsive mass) that is ejected, typically with very high speed, from a rocket engine to produce thrust, and thus provide spacecraft propulsion, or indirectly to produce the reaction mass in a chemical reaction.
Rubidium nitrate is an inorganic compound with the formula RbNO3.
Ruthenium is a chemical element with symbol Ru and atomic number 44.
Salinity is the saltiness or amount of salt dissolved in a body of water (see also soil salinity).
Salitre may refer to.
A salt bridge, in electrochemistry, is a laboratory device used to connect the oxidation and reduction half-cells of a galvanic cell (voltaic cell), a type of electrochemical cell.
Saltpeter, Salpeter or saltpetre may refer to.
Samuel "Sam" Eyde (29 October 1866 – 21 June 1940) was a Norwegian engineer and industrialist.
San Miguel Ixtapan is an archaeological site located in the municipality of Tejupilco (Nahuatl "Texopilco" or "Texopilli"), in the State of Mexico.
Sand Mountain is a sandstone plateau in northeastern Alabama and (to a far lesser extent) northwestern Georgia.
Saucisson, or "saucisson sec," is a variety of thick, dry cured sausage that originates in France.
The origins of meat preservation are lost to the ages but probably began when humans began to realize the preservative value of salt.
Sauta Cave National Wildlife Refuge is a National Wildlife Refuge located in northeastern Alabama, near the Sauty Creek embayment of Guntersville Lake.
Scarification in botany involves weakening, opening, or otherwise altering the coat of a seed to encourage germination.
Scipione Breislak (1748 – 15 February 1826), Italian geologist of German parentage, was born in Rome in 1748.
Seasoning is the process of adding salt, herbs, or spices to food to enhance the flavour.
Selma, Alabama, during the American Civil War was one of the South's main military manufacturing centers, producing tons of supplies and munitions, and turning out Confederate warships.
Michael Sendivogius (Michał Sędziwój; 1566–1636) was a Polish alchemist, philosopher, and medical doctor.
Senko hanabi (線香花火 senkō hanabi) (sparkler - literally: incense-stick fireworks) is a traditional Japanese firework.
Sensodyne is a brand name of toothpaste and mouthwash targeted at people with sensitive teeth.
SF Hydro was a Norwegian steam powered railway ferry that operated in the first half of the 20th century on Lake Tinn in Telemark.
Shen Kuo (1031–1095), courtesy name Cunzhong (存中) and pseudonym Mengqi (now usually given as Mengxi) Weng (夢溪翁),Yao (2003), 544.
His Highness Sir Shuja ul-Mulk KCIE, CIE (1 January 1881 – 12 October 1936) was the Mehtar (from مهتر) of the princely state of Chitral and reigned it for 41 years until his death in 1936.
Silver sulfide is the sulfide of silver.
Silybum marianum has other common names include cardus marianus, milk thistle, blessed milkthistle, Marian thistle, Mary thistle, Saint Mary's thistle, Mediterranean milk thistle, variegated thistle and Scotch thistle.
Singijeon or shinkichon (magical machine arrows) was a type of Korean (Joseon) fire arrow rocket, used during the era of the Joseon Dynasty (1392–1897).
The Sipsey Wilderness lies within Bankhead National Forest around the Sipsey Fork of the Black Warrior River in northwestern Alabama, United States.
Sir Edward Littleton (c. 1599 – c. 1657) was a 17th-century English Baronet and politician from the extended Littleton/Lyttelton family, the first of a line of four Littleton Baronets with Pillaton Hall as their seat.
Slow match, slowmatch or match cord is the slow-burning cord or twine fuse used by early gunpowder musketeers, artillerymen, and soldiers to ignite matchlock muskets, cannons, shells, and petards.
A smoke composition is a pyrotechnic composition designed primarily to generate smoke.
Smoke Hole Canyon — traditionally called The Smoke Holes and later simply Smoke Hole — is a rugged long gorge carved by the South Branch Potomac River in the Allegheny Mountains of eastern West Virginia, United States.
Smokeless powder is the name given to a number of propellants used in firearms and artillery that produce negligible smoke when fired, unlike the black powder they replaced.
Sodium azide is the inorganic compound with the formula NaN3.
Sodium nitrate is the chemical compound with the formula NaNO3.
Solar energy is radiant light and heat from the Sun that is harnessed using a range of ever-evolving technologies such as solar heating, photovoltaics, solar thermal energy, solar architecture, molten salt power plants and artificial photosynthesis.
The solar power tower, also known as 'central tower' power plants or 'heliostat' power plants or power towers, is a type of solar furnace using a tower to receive the focused sunlight.
Solar thermal energy (STE) is a form of energy and a technology for harnessing solar energy to generate thermal energy or electrical energy for use in industry, and in the residential and commercial sectors.
A solid-propellant rocket or solid rocket is a rocket with a rocket engine that uses solid propellants (fuel/oxidizer).
A solubility chart is a chart with a list of ions and how, when mixed with other ions, they can become precipitates or remain aqueous.
The table below provides information on the variation of solubility of different substances (mostly inorganic compounds) in water with temperature, at 1 atmosphere pressure.
Sorbitol, less commonly known as glucitol, is a sugar alcohol with a sweet taste which the human body metabolizes slowly.
A sparkler is a type of hand-held firework that burns slowly while emitting colored flames, sparks, and other effects.
Spiced beef is a cured and salted joint of rump or silverside beef, which is traditionally served at Christmas or the New Year in Ireland, especially County Cork.
Spider silk is a protein fibre spun by spiders.
Spirulina represents a biomass of cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) that can be consumed by humans and other animals.
Sporobolomyces koalae is a species of fungus in the order Sporidiobolales.
The storm glass or chemical weather glass was an instrument which was proposed as a method for predicting weather.
Streatham was launched in 1805 as an East Indiaman for the British East India Company (EIC).
A strong electrolyte is a solution/solute that completely, or almost completely, ionizes or dissociates in a solution.
Strontium chloride (SrCl2) is a salt of strontium and chloride.
A stun grenade, also known as a flash grenade, flashbang, thunderflash or sound bomb, is a non-lethal explosive device used to temporarily disorient an enemy's senses.
Sucrose is common table sugar.
Sulfur or sulphur is a chemical element with symbol S and atomic number 16.
Sulfuric acid (alternative spelling sulphuric acid) is a mineral acid with molecular formula H2SO4.
SuomenJoutsen is a steel-hulled full rigged ship with three square rigged masts.
Tašmajdan Park (Tašmajdanski park), colloquially Tašmajdan or simply just Taš, is a public park and the surrounding urban neighborhood of Belgrade, the capital of Serbia.
Taltal is a Chilean commune and city in Antofagasta Province, Antofagasta Region.
Tequisquiapan (Otomi: Ntʼe) (Spanish) is a town and municipality located in the southeast of the state of Querétaro in central Mexico.
The SOLAR Project consists of the Solar One, Solar Two and Solar Tres solar thermal power plants based in the Mojave Desert, United States and Andalucía, Spain.
The Time Tunnel is an American color science-fiction TV series, written around a theme of time travel adventure and starring James Darren and Robert Colbert.
The THEMIS solar power tower is a research and development centre focused on solar energy.
Thermal energy storage (TES) is achieved with widely differing technologies.
The Tiangong Kaiwu (天工開物), or The Exploitation of the Works of Nature was a Chinese encyclopedia compiled by Song Yingxing.
This is a timeline of Chilean history, comprising important legal and territorial changes and political events in Chile and its predecessor states.
This timeline of science and engineering in the Islamic world covers the time period from the eighth century AD to the introduction of European science to the Islamic world in the nineteenth century.
TNT equivalent is a convention for expressing energy, typically used to describe the energy released in an explosion.
Tocopilla is a city and commune in the Antofagasta Region, in the north of Chile.
A toilet, in this sense, is a small room used for privately accessing the sanitation fixture (toilet) for urination and defecation.
Tonite is an explosive sometimes used in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
Tooth whitening (termed tooth bleaching when utilising bleach), is either the restoration of a natural tooth shade or whitening beyond the natural shade.
Toothpaste is a paste or gel dentifrice used with a toothbrush as an accessory to clean and maintain the aesthetics and health of teeth.
Touchpaper or touch-paper is a slow-burning paper fuse treated with solution of potassium nitrate (or "saltpetre") used for lighting flammable or explosive devices such as fireworks.
Toughened or tempered glass is a type of safety glass processed by controlled thermal or chemical treatments to increase its strength compared with normal glass.
After a tree has been cut and felled, the stump or tree stump is usually a small remaining portion of the trunk with the roots still in the ground.
The Trent Affair was a diplomatic incident in 1861 during the American Civil War that threatened a war between the United States and the United Kingdom.
Tubri is a firework used during Diwali in India.
Tucker's Town is a small community in St. George's Parish, Bermuda at the mouth of Castle Harbour.
Twickenham is a suburban area and town in Greater London, lying on the River Thames 10.2 miles west-southwest of the centre of London.
The United States Air Force Honor Guard is the official ceremonial unit of the United States Air Force and is assigned to Joint Base Anacostia-Bolling, Washington D.C.
Up the Chastity Belt (also released as Naughty Knights in the USA) is a 1971 British film, a spin-off from the TV series Up Pompeii! that starred Frankie Howerd and was directed by Bob Kellett.
Urea phosphate is an organic compound of carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen and phosphorus.
USS Hope (1861) was a small schooner acquired by the Union Navy during the American Civil War.
The USS Stettin was a 600-ton iron screw steamship, was built at Sunderland, England, in 1861 and later served as a gunboat in the United States Navy during the American Civil War.
The Valle Solar Power Station is a two adjacent twin 50 MW solar thermal power plants (Valle 1 and Valle 2) in San José del Valle, Cádiz, Spain.
Van Buren County is a county located in the U.S. state of Tennessee.
Vannoccio Biringuccio, sometimes spelt Vannocio Biringuccio (c. 1480 – c. 1539), was an Italian metallurgist.
Viña del Mar (meaning "Vineyard of the Sea"), is a city and commune on central Chile's Pacific coast.
Villa Guerrero Municipality is located in the north of the state of Jalisco, México, between 103°22′30″ and 103°50′00″ longitude west and 21°54′00″ and 22°10′00″ latitude north, at an altitude of above sea level.
The Villejuif leaflet, also known as the Villejuif flyer and the Villejuif list, was a pamphlet which enjoyed wide distribution.
The Virginia and Tennessee Railroad was an historic gauge railroad in the Southern United States, much of which is incorporated into the modern Norfolk Southern Railway.
The Royal Gunpowder Mills, Waltham Abbey, an Anchor Point of the European Route of Industrial Heritage, (ERIH), set in of parkland and containing 21 buildings of major historical importance, mixes history, science, and attractive surroundings.
The War of the Insane or the Madman's War (Guerre du Fou) was a Hmong revolt against taxation in the French colonial administration in Indochina lasting from 1918 to 1921.
The War of the Pacific (Guerra del Pacífico), also known as the Salpeter War (Guerra del Salitre) and by multiple other names (see the etymology section below) was a war between Chile on one side and a Bolivian-Peruvian alliance on the other.
West Virginia waterways find their highest sources in the highland watersheds of the Allegheny Mountains.
A watusi is a type of firecracker that is popular in the Philippines.
Waveland State Historic Site, also known as the Joseph Bryan House, in Lexington, Kentucky is the site of a Greek Revival home and plantation now maintained and operated as part of the Kentucky state park system.
West Virginia is a state located in the Appalachian region of the Southern United States.
William Henry Ashley (c. 1778 – March 26, 1838) was an American miner, land speculator, manufacturer, territorial militia officer, politician, frontiersman, trapper, fur trader, entrepreneur, and hunter.
Sir William Paxton (1744−1824) was a Scottish-born sailor, a businessman and the Welsh Member of Parliament for Carmarthen.
The Wolf Popper Synagogue (Synagoga Poppera (Bociana)), located in Kraków, Poland, used to be one of the most splendid Jewish houses of prayer in the old Jewish quarter of Kazimierz established in a suburb earmarked in 1495 by King Jan I Olbracht.
The Wujing Zongyao, sometimes rendered in English as the Complete Essentials for the Military Classics, is a Chinese military compendium written from around 1040 to 1044.
Wyandotte Caves, a pair of limestone caves located on the Ohio River in Harrison-Crawford State Forest in Crawford County, north-east of Leavenworth and from Corydon in southern Indiana, is a popular tourist attraction.
The Yuan dynasty, officially the Great Yuan (Yehe Yuan Ulus), was the empire or ruling dynasty of China established by Kublai Khan, leader of the Mongolian Borjigin clan.
Yusuf ibn Ismail al-Kutubi known as Ibn al-Kabir (13th – 14th centuries AD) a scholar and physician worked as a doctor in the palaces of the Abbasid caliphs in Baghdad.
Grupa Azoty Zakłady Azotowe "Puławy" PLC is a Polish chemical company based in Puławy, Lublin Voivodeship, specializing in the production of mono-volumes of nitrogen fertilizer (ammonium nitrate, urea, UAN, ammonium sulfate), one of the world's largest producers of melamine.
The 11th century is the period from 1001 to 1100 in accordance with the Julian calendar in the Common Era, and the 1st century of the 2nd millennium.
1776 is a musical with music and lyrics by Sherman Edwards and a book by Peter Stone.
The first orbital flight of an artificial satellite, Sputnik 1, was launched in October 1957, by the Soviet Union.
On September 4, 2007 eight people suspected of planning a terror attack were arrested by Danish police officers and Security Intelligence Service agents in several coordinated actions throughout the greater Copenhagen area.
The 2014 Bangalore bombing occurred on 28 December 2014 on Church Street in the central business district of Bangalore, India.
On 12 August 2015, a series of explosions killed 173 people and injured hundreds of others at a container storage station at the Port of Tianjin.
A 21-gun salute is the most commonly recognized of the customary gun salutes that are performed by the firing of cannons or artillery as a military honor.
Year 270 (CCLXX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.