32 relations: Alexander Markovich Polyakov, BPST instanton, Canonical quantization, Center vortex, Chiral model, Chiral symmetry breaking, Color confinement, Dual superconductor model, Exotic meson, Fermionic condensate, Glossary of string theory, Gluon, Gluon condensate, Higgs mechanism, Horror vacui (physics), Index of physics articles (Q), Mikhail Shifman, Nuclear matter, Physical constant, Proton, QED vacuum, Quantization (physics), Quantum chromodynamics, Quantum vacuum (disambiguation), Quark model, Sam Treiman, Symmetry breaking, Vacuum, Vacuum polarization, Vacuum state, Zero-point energy, Zhou Guangzhao.
Alexander Markovich Polyakov (Алекса́ндр Ма́ркович Поляко́в; born 27 September 1945) is a Russian theoretical physicist, formerly at the Landau Institute in Moscow and, since 1990, at Princeton University.
In theoretical physics, the BPST instanton is the instanton with winding number 1 found by Alexander Belavin, Alexander Polyakov, Albert Schwarz and Yu. S. Tyupkin.
In physics, canonical quantization is a procedure for quantizing a classical theory, while attempting to preserve the formal structure, such as symmetries, of the classical theory, to the greatest extent possible.
Center vortices are line-like topological defects that exist in the vacuum of Yang–Mills theory and QCD.
In nuclear physics, the chiral model, introduced by Feza Gürsey in 1960, is a phenomenological model describing effective interactions of mesons in the chiral limit (where the masses of the quarks go to zero), but without necessarily mentioning quarks at all.
In particle physics, chiral symmetry breaking is the spontaneous symmetry breaking of a chiral symmetry – usually by a gauge theory such as quantum chromodynamics, the quantum field theory of the strong interaction.
In quantum chromodynamics (QCD), color confinement, often simply called confinement, is the phenomenon that color charged particles (such as quarks and gluons) cannot be isolated, and therefore cannot be directly observed in normal conditions below the Hagedorn temperature of approximately 2 trillion kelvin (corresponding to energies of approximately 130–140 MeV per particle).
In the theory of quantum chromodynamics, dual superconductor models attempt to explain confinement of quarks in terms of an electromagnetic dual theory of superconductivity.
Non-quark model mesons include.
A fermionic condensate is a superfluid phase formed by fermionic particles at low temperatures.
This page is a glossary of terms in string theory, including related areas such as supergravity, supersymmetry, and high energy physics.
A gluon is an elementary particle that acts as the exchange particle (or gauge boson) for the strong force between quarks.
In quantum chromodynamics (QCD), the gluon condensate is a non-perturbative property of the QCD vacuum which could be partly responsible for giving masses to certain hadrons.
In the Standard Model of particle physics, the Higgs mechanism is essential to explain the generation mechanism of the property "mass" for gauge bosons.
In physics, horror vacui, or plenism, is commonly stated as "Nature abhors a vacuum".
The index of physics articles is split into multiple pages due to its size.
Mikhail "Misha" Arkadyevich Shifman (Михаи́л Арка́дьевич Ши́фман; born 4 April 1949) is a theoretical physicist (high energy physics), formerly at Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics, Moscow, Ida Cohen Fine Professor of Theoretical Physics, William I. Fine Theoretical Physics Institute, University of Minnesota.
Nuclear matter is an idealized system of interacting nucleons (protons and neutrons) that exists in several phases that as yet are not fully established.
A physical constant, sometimes fundamental physical constant or universal constant, is a physical quantity that is generally believed to be both universal in nature and have constant value in time.
The Quantum Electrodynamic Vacuum or QED vacuum is the field-theoretic vacuum of quantum electrodynamics.
In physics, quantization is the process of transition from a classical understanding of physical phenomena to a newer understanding known as quantum mechanics.
In theoretical physics, quantum chromodynamics (QCD) is the theory of the strong interaction between quarks and gluons, the fundamental particles that make up composite hadrons such as the proton, neutron and pion.
The quantum vacuum state or simply quantum vacuum refers to the quantum state with the lowest possible energy.
In particle physics, the quark model is a classification scheme for hadrons in terms of their valence quarks—the quarks and antiquarks which give rise to the quantum numbers of the hadrons.
Sam Bard Treiman (May 27, 1925 – November 30, 1999) was an American theoretical physicist who produced research in the fields of cosmic rays, quantum physics, plasma physics and gravity physics.
In physics, symmetry breaking is a phenomenon in which (infinitesimally) small fluctuations acting on a system crossing a critical point decide the system's fate, by determining which branch of a bifurcation is taken.
Vacuum is space devoid of matter.
In quantum field theory, and specifically quantum electrodynamics, vacuum polarization describes a process in which a background electromagnetic field produces virtual electron–positron pairs that change the distribution of charges and currents that generated the original electromagnetic field.
In quantum field theory, the quantum vacuum state (also called the quantum vacuum or vacuum state) is the quantum state with the lowest possible energy.
Zero-point energy (ZPE) or ground state energy is the lowest possible energy that a quantum mechanical system may have.
Zhou Guangzhao (born May 15, 1929) is a Chinese physicist who served as President of the Chinese Academy of Sciences from 1987 to 1997.