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"Believing Women" in Islam: Unreading Patriarchal Interpretations of the Qur'an is a 2002 book by Asma Barlas, published by the University of Texas Press.
ʿĀ’ishah bint Yūsuf al-Bāʿūniyyah (died the sixteenth day of Dhū al-Qa‘dah 922/December 1517) was a Sufi master and poet.
'Ali ibn al-'Abbas al-Majusi (died 982–994), also known as Masoudi, or Latinized as Haly Abbas, was a Persian physician and psychologist from the Islamic Golden Age, most famous for the Kitab al-Maliki or Complete Book of the Medical Art, his textbook on medicine and psychology.
A Common Word between Us and You is an open letter, dated 13 October 2007, from leaders of the Islamic religion to leaders of the Christian religion.
Amina Abdallah Arraf al Omari was a fictional character or hoax persona created and maintained by American Tom MacMaster.
A is for Allah is the name of a double album created for Muslim children by Yusuf Islam (formerly known as Cat Stevens).
A Jihad for Love (preceded by a short film called In the Name of Allah) is a 2008 documentary film and was the world’s first film on Islam and homosexuality.
"A New Beginning" is the name of a speech delivered by United States President Barack Obama on 4 June 2009, from the Major Reception Hall at Cairo University in Egypt.
A Road to Mecca – The Journey of Muhammad Asad, also known as A Road to Mecca, is a 2008 documentary by Austrian filmmaker Georg Misch.
"A Scientific Dissent from Darwinism" (or "Dissent from Darwinism") was a statement issued in 2001 by the Discovery Institute, a conservative Christian think tank based in Seattle, Washington, U.S., best known for its promotion of the pseudoscientific principle of intelligent design.
A Separation (جدایی نادر از سیمین Jodaí-e Nadér az Simín, "The Separation of Nader from Simin") is a 2011 Iranian drama film written and directed by Asghar Farhadi, starring Leila Hatami, Peyman Moaadi, Shahab Hosseini, Sareh Bayat, and Sarina Farhadi.
A Shi'ite Anthology was written by Allameh Tabatabaei and translated by William Chittick, State University of New York Press.
Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam (15 October 1931 – 27 July 2015) was an Indian scientist who served as the 11th President of India from 2002 to 2007. He was born and raised in Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu and studied physics and aerospace engineering. He spent the next four decades as a scientist and science administrator, mainly at the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) and was intimately involved in India's civilian space programme and military missile development efforts. He thus came to be known as the Missile Man of India for his work on the development of ballistic missile and launch vehicle technology. He also played a pivotal organisational, technical, and political role in India's Pokhran-II nuclear tests in 1998, the first since the original nuclear test by India in 1974. Kalam was elected as the 11th President of India in 2002 with the support of both the ruling Bharatiya Janata Party and the then-opposition Indian National Congress. Widely referred to as the "People's President," he returned to his civilian life of education, writing and public service after a single term. He was a recipient of several prestigious awards, including the Bharat Ratna, India's highest civilian honour. While delivering a lecture at the Indian Institute of Management Shillong, Kalam collapsed and died from an apparent cardiac arrest on 27 July 2015, aged 83. Thousands including national-level dignitaries attended the funeral ceremony held in his hometown of Rameshwaram, where he was buried with full state honours.
Allahrakka Rahman (born A. S. Dileep Kumar, best known as A. R. Rahman, is an Indian composer, singer-songwriter, and music producer. A. R. Rahman's works are noted for integrating Indian classical music with electronic music, world music and traditional orchestral arrangements. Among his awards are six National Film Awards, two Academy Awards, two Grammy Awards, a BAFTA Award, a Golden Globe, fifteen Filmfare Awards and seventeen Filmfare Awards South. He has been awarded the Padma Bhushan, the third highest civilian award, in 2010 by the Government of India. In 2009, Rahman was included on the ''Time'' 100 list of the world's most influential people. The UK-based world-music magazine Songlines named him one of "Tomorrow's World Music Icons" in August 2011. South Indian fans of Rahman refer him with the nickname of "The Mozart of Madras", and "Isai Puyal" (the Musical Storm). With an in-house studio (Panchathan Record Inn in Chennai), Rahman's film-scoring career began during the early 1990s with the Tamil film Roja. Working in India's film industries, international cinema, and theatre, Rahman is one of the best-selling recording artists, with an estimated 200million units sold. In a notable two-decade career, he has been acclaimed for redefining contemporary Indian film music and contributing to the success of several films. Rahman has also become a notable humanitarian and philanthropist, donating and raising money for a number of causes and charities. In 2017, Rahman made his debut as a director and writer for the film Le Musk.
Aagaah: The Warning is a Hindi drama Horror film directed by Karan Razdan and produced by Ram Kudale.
Aaron is a prophet, high priest, and the brother of Moses in the Abrahamic religions (elder brother in the case of Judaism).
Aaron is a hellenized Hebrew masculine given name.
Abu Bakr ‘Aasim Ibn Abi al-Najud al-'Asadi (died 127AH/745CE),Shady Hekmat Nasser,, p. 57.
Ababil (abābīl) refers to the miraculous birds (identified as swallows) mentioned in Sura 105 of the Quran that protected the Ka'ba in Mecca from the Aksumite elephant army of Abraha, then self-styled ruler of Himyar, by dropping small clay stones on them as they approached.
Abu Sa'id Aban ibn Taghlib ibn Rubah al-Kindi (died 758 AD/141 AH) was a famous Shia Muslim scholar, Quranic reciter, jurisprudence, exegetist and traditionalist.
Sūrat ʻAbasa (سورة عبس, "He Frowned") is the 80th sura of the Qur'an with 42 ayat.
Abusa'id Abolkhayr or Abū-Sa'īd Abul-Khayr (ابوسعید ابوالخیر) (December 7, 967 - January 12, 1049), also known as Sheikh Abusaeid or Abu Sa'eed, was a famous Persian Sufi and poet who contributed extensively to the evolution of Sufi tradition.
Abbad ibn Bishr (عباد بن بشر) (c.587–632) was a companion of the Islamic prophet Muhammad.
Abbas Husain is a Pakistani scholar who has directed the Teachers' Development Centre since 1997.
Abbasgulu Bakikhanov (Abbasqulu ağa Bakıxanov Qüdsi) (21 June 1794, Amirjan – 31 May 1847, Wadi Fatima, near Jeddah), Abbas Qoli Bakikhanov, or Abbas-Qoli ibn Mirza Mohammad (Taghi) Khan Badkubi was an Azerbaijani writer, historian, journalist, linguist, poet and philosopher.
The Abbasid Caliphate (or ٱلْخِلافَةُ ٱلْعَبَّاسِيَّة) was the third of the Islamic caliphates to succeed the Islamic prophet Muhammad.
Abbās Mahmūd al-Aqqād (عباس محمود العقاد; 28 June 1889 – 12 March 1964) was an Egyptian journalist, poet and literary critic,, Encyclopædia Britannica Online.
Abdul Aziz bin Abdullah bin Baz (عبد العزيز بن عبد الله بن باز) (November 21, 1910 – May 13, 1999), was a Saudi Arabian Islamic scholar and a leading proponent of the Wahhabi form of Islam.
Abdal-Hamid Kishk (March 10, 1933 – December 6, 1996) was an Egyptian preacher, scholar of Islam, activist, and author.
'Abd al-Jabbar ibn Ahmad ibn 'Abd al-Jabbar al-HamaJani al-Asadabadi, Abu 'l-Hasan (935 - 1025) was a Mu'tazilite theologian, a follower of the Shafi'i school.
Abu Bakr Abd al-Qāhir bin Abd ar-Rahman bin Muhammad al-Jurjānī (400 – 471 or 474 A.H.) (died 1078 AD) was a renowned Persian scholar of the Arabic language, literary theorist, grammarian and Shafi'i Muslim.
'Abd al-Rahman al-Kawakibi (عبد الرحمن الكواكبي, 1854 or 1855–1902) was a Syrian author and Pan-Arab solidarity supporter.
Sayyid Abd al-Rahman al-Mahdi, KBE (عبد الرحمن المهدي) (15 July 1885 – 24 March 1959) was one of the leading religious and political figures during the colonial era in the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan (1898–1955), and continued to exert great authority as leader of the Neo-Mahdists after Sudan became independent.
As-Sayyid AbdulRahman Ali AlJifri (born in November 1943) is a Yemeni opposition leader.
ʿAbd al-Raḥmān ibn Muḥammad ibn al-Ashʿath (عبد الرحمن بن محمد بن الأشعث), commonly known as Ibn al-Ashʿath after his grandfather, was a distinguished Arab nobleman and general under the early Umayyad Caliphate, most notable for leading a failed rebellion against the Umayyad viceroy of the east, al-Hajjaj ibn Yusuf, in 700–703.
Abdul Wahab bin Rustam is the founder of the Wahhabism Ibadi Movement, in Tiaret, in Algeria.
Abd Allah ibn Abbas (عبد الله ابن عباس) or ′Abd Allah ibn al-′Abbas otherwise called (Ibn Abbas; Al-Habr; Al-Bahr; The Doctor; The Sea) was born c. 619 CE.
Sidi Abd As-Salam Al-Asmar (عبد السلام الأسمر, Al-Lasmar `Abd as-Salām) was a renowned religious Libyan Muslim saint who lived and died during the 15th century (1455–1575 CE).
Abdullah ibn Umm-Maktum (عبد الله بن أم مكتوم) (died 636) was a companion of Islamic prophet Muhammad.
Abdallah ibn Rashid ibn Kawus was the Abbasid governor of Tarsus and the Cilician borderlands (ath-thughur ash-Shamiya) between the Abbasid Caliphate and the Byzantine Empire in ca.
Abdel Fattah Saeed Hussein Khalil el-Sisi (عبد الفتاح سعيد حسين خليل السيسي,; born 19 November 1954) is an Egyptian politician who is the current sixth President of Egypt, in office since 2014.
Sheikh Abdel-Halim Mahmoud (الإمام الأكبر عبدالحليم محمود.) (12 May 1910 – 17 October 1978; 2 Jumaada al-awal 1328 A.H. - 14 The al-Qi`dah 1398 A.H.) served as Grand Imam of Al Azhar from 1973 until his death in 1978.
Abdelaziz Thâalbi (عبد العزيز الثعالبي, September 5, 1876 – October 1, 1944) was a Tunisian politician.
Abdelhamid Abaaoud (8 April 1987 – 18 November 2015) was a Belgian-Moroccan Islamic terrorist, who had spent time in Syria.
Abdelhamid Ben Badis (عبد الحميد بن باديس, Ben Badis; December 4, 1889 – April 17, 1940) was an emblematic figure of the Islamic Reform movement in Algeria.
Abdelwahab Meddeb (عبد الوهاب المدب; 1946 – 5 November 2014) was a French-language poet, novelist, essayist, translator, editor, cultural critic, political commentator, radio producer, public intellectual and professor of comparative literature at the University of Paris X-Nanterre.
Abdirizak Waberi (born 7 May 1966) is a Somali-Swedish Moderate Party politician.
Abdizhamil Karimovich Nurpeisov (born October 22, 1924) is the People's writer of Kazakhstan, one of the word-painters who have made great contributions to the Kazakh literature.
Ayatollah Abdol-Hamid Masoumi-Tehrani is an Iranian cleric based in Tehran, Iran.
Abdul (also transliterated as Abdal, Abdel, Abdil, Abdol, Abdool, or Abdoul, عبد ال) is the most frequent transliteration of the combination of the Arabic word Abd (عبد, meaning "Servant") and the definite prefix al / el (ال, meaning "the").
Abdul Ahad Mohmand (born January 1, 1959) is a former Afghan Air Force aviator who became the first Afghan citizen and fourth Muslim to journey to outer space.
Imam Abdul Alim Musa (born 1945 as Clarence Reams) is a Muslim American activist and director of Masjid Al-Islam in Washington, D.C. He is a member of the Institute of Contemporary Islamic Thought (ICIT) and a well-known speaker around the world.
Sheikh Abdul Amir al-Jamri (شيخ عبدالأمير الجمري; 1 March 1938 – 18 December 2006) was one of the most prominent Shia clerics and opposition leaders in Bahrain.
Abdul Aziz bin Ali al-Harbi is a Saudi Arabian Islamic scholar and associate professor at Umm al-Qura University in Mecca.
Abdul Baqi (عبد الباقي.) is a male Muslim given name.
Abdul Hakim Sialkoti (1561–1656) (ملا عبدالحکیم سیالکوٹی) was a Muslim scholar.
Abdul Haq (عبدالحق, عبدالحق, ‘Abdul-Ḥaqq; 11 January 19127 September 1988) of Akora Khattak, sometimes referred to as Abdul Haq Akorwi (عبدالحق اکوڑوی, ‘Abdul-Haqq Akoṛwī) was a Pakistani Islamic scholar and the founder, chancellor, and Shaykh al-Hadith of the Islamic seminary Darul Uloom Haqqania.
Mala Abdul Karim Mudarris or Shaykh Abdul Karim Mudarris (1901–2005) (Kurdish: Mele Ebdulkerîmê Muderîs) also known as Nami was the contemporary Kurdish poet, writer, translator, Faqih and the Mufti of Iraq.
Abdul Karim Parekh (1928–2007), popularly known as Maulana, was an Indian social worker and scholar, known for his translation of Quran into Urdu language and his discourses on the Islamic religious text.
Abdul Majeed Khwaja (1885–1962), an Indian lawyer, educationist, social reformer and freedom fighter, was born at Aligarh, a small but historically significant town in the northern Indian state of Uttar Pradesh.
Maulana Abdul Majid Daryabadi (عبدُالماجِد دریاآبادی), (16 March 1892 – 6 January 1977) was an Indian Muslim writer and exegete of the Qur'an.
Abdul Nacer Benbrika (عبد الناصر بن بريكة) (born in Algeria about 1960), also known as Abu Bakr (Arabic: أبو بكر), is a convicted criminal and Muslim cleric of the Sunni Islam faith, currently serving an Australian custodial sentence of fifteen years, with a non-parole period of twelve years for intentionally being the leader and a member of a terrorist organisation.
Abdul Nasser El Hakim (عبد الناصر الحكيم; born November 1, 1960) is a Lebanese-born Curaçaoan businessman and politician.
Muḥyī-al-Dīn Abū Muḥammad b. Abū Sāleh ʿAbd al-Qādir al-Gīlānī (عبدالقادر گیلانی, عبدالقادر الجيلاني, Abdülkâdir Geylânî, Evdilqadirê Geylanî, عهبدوالقادری گهیلانی),B.
Shah Abdul Qadir Raipuri شاه عبدلقادر راے پوری (born 1878 / 1295AH) was a spiritual reformer and well known guide of Islam.
Abdul Rahman Ibn Abdul Aziz as-Sudais (ʻAbd ar-Rahman ibn ʻAbd al-Aziz as-Sudais; born 10 February 1960 in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia) is the Imam of the Grand Mosque in Mecca, Saudi Arabia; the President of the General Presidency for the Affairs of the Two Holy Mosques; a renowned qāriʾ (reciter of the Qur'an); and was the Dubai International Holy Qur'an Award's "Islamic Personality Of the Year" in 2005.
‘Abd ul-Salam Mohammed ‘Arif Aljumaily (عبد السلام محمد عارف الجميلي) (21 March 1921 – 13 April 1966) was President of Iraq from 1963 until his death in 1966.
Shaybah ibn Hāshim c. 497 – 578), better known as ‘Abdul-Muṭṭalib, since he was raised by his uncle Muṭṭalib, was the grandfather of Islamic prophet Muḥammad.
Abdulla Issa (عبدالله عيسى., Russian Abedalla Iesa or Abdalla Isa; born 15 January 1964) is a Palestinian poet, First Secretary of the Embassy of the State of Palestine, journalist, political analyst, film producer, winner of several literary awards, and recognized as a national Palestinian poet.
Abdullah Abbas Nadwi (d. January 1, 2006) was an Islamic scholar.
Abu al-Fadl Abdullah bin Muhammad bin al-Siddiq al-Ghumari (1910–1993) was a Moroccan preacher, jurist and theologian.
Sheikh Abdullah Awad Al Juhany (Arabic:عبدالله عواد الجهني) is one of the Imams of the Grand Mosque (Masjid al-Haram) in Mecca.
Abdullah Cevdet (عبدالله جودت‎; Abdullah Cevdet Karlıdağ; 9 September 1869 – 29 November 1932) was an Ottoman-born Turkish intellectual and physician of ethnic Kurdish origin.
Hazrat Shaikh Hafiz-e-Hadis Moulana Muhammad Abdullah Darkhawasti (1887–1994)) was an eminent Deobandi Islamic scholar of Pakistan. He became the Amir of the Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam in 1962 and, in 1988, he issued a fatwa which declared that a female ruler is haraam. During his lifetime, Hazrat established five hundred and patronised four thousand madaris. Hazrat was born in Darkhawast, a village in the city of Khanpur in the Rahim Yar Khan district of southern Punjab, British India. His father, Moulana Hafiz Mahmud ud Din Arain, was a learned and pious scholar. Hazrat commenced the memorization of the Qur'an at the age of nine and completed it at the age of eleven. Thereafter, he commenced his Arabic and Persian studies under Moulana Abdul Ghafur Hajipuri and Moulana Muhammad Siddeeq Hajipuri. By the age of eighteen, he had completed his studies in Arabic, Persian, and hadith and acquired a sanad in hadith from Moulana Muhammad Siddeeq Hajipuri. Hazrat also studied tafsir under Shaikhul Qur'an Moulana Husain Ali Waanbachaaran. Hazrat then became a murid of Moulana Ghulam Muhammad Dinpuri. He also became a murid of Moulana Ahmad 'Ali Lahori, who later bestowed khilafah upon him. Upon Moulana Ghulam Muhammad Dinpuri's instructions, Hazrat founded Jamia Makhzan ul Uloom in Darkhawast, where he taught Qur'an and hadith for fifteen years. The madrasa was shifted to Chawlsan for five years and then to the 'Idgah of the Shahi Masjid in Khanpur in 1946. From then onwards, it became his habit to teach tafsir in Sha'baan and Ramadaan only. Hazrat died in 1994 at the age of one hundred seven. Category:Pakistani academics Category:1994 deaths Category:1887 births.
Imam Sayyid Abd Allah ibn Alawi al-Haddad (Imam `Abd Allah ibn `Alawi al-Hadda'd) born in 1634 CE (1044 Hijri).
ʿAbdallāh ibn Masʿūd (عبدالله بن مسعود; c.594-c.653) was a companion of the Islamic prophet, Muhammad.
Abdullah ibn Salam (عبدالله بن سلام God's servant, the Son of Peace), born Al-Husayn ibn Salam, was a companion of the Islamic prophet Muhammad, and was a rabbi before converting to Islam.
Abdullah II bin Al-Hussein (عبد الله الثاني بن الحسين., ʿAbdullāh ath-thānī ibn Al-Ḥusayn, born 30 January 1962) has been King of Jordan since 1999.
Abdullah Yusuf Ali, CBE, MA, LL.M, FRSA, FRSL (عبداللہ یوسف علی‎; 14 April 1872 – 10 December 1953) was a British-Indian barrister and scholar who wrote a number of books about Islam and whose translation of the Qur'an into English is one of the most widely known and used in the English-speaking world.
Abdullah Yusuf Azzam (عبد الله يوسف عزام, ‘Abdu’llāh Yūsuf ‘Azzām; 194124 November 1989) also known as Father of Global Jihad was a Palestinian Sunni Islamic scholar and theologian and founding member of Al-Qaeda.
Abdur Raheem Green (born Anthony Vatswaf Galvin Green; 1962) is a British Salafi Muslim convert who is known in some Muslim communities for his work in Dawah, both in televised formal settings and informal contexts such as Hyde Park's Speakers Corner.
Syed Abdur-Razzaq Nurul-Ain was a Sufi saint.
Abdurauf Fitrat (sometimes spelled Abdulrauf Fitrat or Abdurrauf Fitrat) (Abdurauf Fitrat / Абдурауф Фитрат) (1886 – 4 October 1938) was an author, journalist and politician in Central Asia under Russian and Soviet rule.
Abdurrahman Sharafkandi or Hazhar or Hajar, (Hejar, ههژار; هژار Hazhar) (April 13, 1921 – February 21, 1991), was a renowned Kurdish writer, poet, lexicographer, linguist, and translator, from Iran.
Abdurrahman Wahid, born Abdurrahman ad-Dakhil (September 1940 – 30 December 2009), colloquially known as, was an Indonesian Muslim religious and political leader who served as the President of Indonesia from 1999 to 2001.
Mohammad Abdus Salam Salam adopted the forename "Mohammad" in 1974 in response to the anti-Ahmadiyya decrees in Pakistan, similarly he grew his beard.
Abdussalam Puthige is the Editor-in-Chief of Varthabharathi, a Kannada daily Newspaper, published from Mangalore the coastal city of Karnataka and Bangalore, the state capital.
Sayyed Abu’l-Qāsem Kāšāni (سید ابوالقاسم کاشانی; November 19, 1882 – March 14, 1962) was an Iranian politician and Shia Marja.
Abolghasem Wafi Yazdi (ابوالقاسم وافی یزدی)(Born 1935 Hoseynabad, Yazd) is a Shia cleric and member of the Assembly of Experts.
Abortion in Afghanistan is affected by the religious constraints from the national religion, Islam, and by the extremely high birthrates in Afghanistan.
Abortion in Iran has been the subject of internal controversy for many years.
Abraham (Arabic: إبراهيم Ibrahim), originally Abram, is the common patriarch of the three Abrahamic religions.
Abraham Geiger (24 May 181023 October 1874) was a German rabbi and scholar, considered the founding father of Reform Judaism.
Abraham Hinckelmann (2 May 1652, Döbeln, Electorate of Saxony – 11 February 1695), a German Protestant theologian, was an Islamologist who was one of the first to print a complete Qur'an in Hamburg.
Ibrahim (ʾIbrāhīm), known as Abraham in the Hebrew Bible, is recognized as a prophet and messenger in Islam of God.
The Abrahamic religions, also referred to collectively as Abrahamism, are a group of Semitic-originated religious communities of faith that claim descent from the practices of the ancient Israelites and the worship of the God of Abraham.
Absolute monarchy, is a form of monarchy in which one ruler has supreme authority and where that authority is not restricted by any written laws, legislature, or customs.
Abu ʻAmr ibn al-ʻAlāʼ al-Basri (أبو عمرو بن العلاء; died 770 CE/154 AH) was the Qur'an reciter of Basra, Iraq and an Arab linguist.
Muhammad bin Umar bin Abd al-Rahman bin Abd Allah al-Aqil, better known as Abu Abd al-Rahman Ibn Aqil al-Zahiri, is a Saudi Arabian polymath.
Abu Ahmad ibn Jahsh was a companion of Muhammad.
Abu Al-Asar Hafeez Jalandhari (ابو الاثر حفیظ جالندھری) (born 14 January 1900 – 21 December 1982) was a Pakistani Urdu-language poet who wrote the lyrics for the National Anthem of Pakistan.
Abu 'l-Hassan Ali ibn Ahmad (or ibn Jaʿfar) ibn Salmān al-Kharaqāni (شیخ ابوالحسن خرقانی) is one of the master Sufis of Islam.
Abu al-Walid (ابو الوليد) (also transliterated as Abu al-Waleed and also called Abu al-Walid al-Ghamdi or simply Abu Walid) (1967 – 16 April 2004), was a Saudi Arabian of the Ghamd tribe who fought as a "mujahid" volunteer in Central Asia, the Balkans, and the North Caucasus.
Abū Bakr aṣ-Ṣiddīq ‘Abdallāh bin Abī Quḥāfah (أبو بكر الصديق عبد الله بن أبي قحافة; 573 CE23 August 634 CE), popularly known as Abu Bakr (أبو بكر), was a senior companion (Sahabi) and—through his daughter Aisha—the father-in-law of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. Abu Bakr became the first openly declared Muslim outside Muhammad's family.Muhammad Mustafa Al-A'zami (2003), The History of The Qur'anic Text: From Revelation to Compilation: A Comparative Study with the Old and New Testaments, p.26, 59. UK Islamic Academy.. Abu Bakr served as a trusted advisor to Muhammad. During Muhammad's lifetime, he was involved in several campaigns and treaties.Tabqat ibn al-Saad book of Maghazi, page no:62 He ruled over the Rashidun Caliphate from 632 to 634 CE when he became the first Muslim Caliph following Muhammad's death. As caliph, Abu Bakr succeeded to the political and administrative functions previously exercised by Muhammad. He was commonly known as The Truthful (الصديق). Abu Bakr's reign lasted for 2 years, 2 months, 2 weeks and 1 day ending with his death after an illness.
Abū Bakr al-Baghdadi (أبو بكر البغدادي; born Ibrahim Awad Ibrahim al-Badri إبراهيم عواد إبراهيم علي محمد البدري السامرائي in 1971) is the leader of the Salafi jihadist militant terrorist organisation known as the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL),Rewards for Justice – Retrieved 25 January 2017 which controls territory in several countries.
Abu Bakr ibn al-Arabi or, in full Muḥammad b. ʿAbdallāh, Ibn al-ʿArabī al-Maʿāfirī, al-Išbīlī, Abū Bakr (أبو بكر بن العربي born in Sevilla in 1076 and died in Fez in 1148) was a judge and scholar of Maliki law from al-Andalus.
Abū Bakr Ibn Mujāhid (Arabic: ابن مجاهد) (Full name: أبو بكر أحمد بن موسى بن العباس بن مجاهد التميمي) (born 245AH/859-860CE in Baghdad and died 324AH/936CE) was a scholar of Islamic studies.
Abu Dhabi Model School is situated in Mussafah, Abu Dhabi, in the United Arab Emirates.
Abū Dharr al-Ghifari al-Kinani (أبو ذر الغفاري الكناني.), also Jundab ibn Junādah (جُنْدَب ابْنِ جُنَادَة), was the fourth or fifth person converting to Islam, and a Muhajirun.
Abu Fukayha (c.540–c.620) was the kunya of Yasar, a companion of the Islamic prophet Muhammad.
Thābit ibn Safiya famously known as Abū Hamzah al-Thumālī Thābit ibn Dīnār (أبو حمزة الثمالي) was a close companion of Imam Ali Zayn al-Abidin.
Abū Ḥanīfa al-Nuʿmān b. Thābit b. Zūṭā b. Marzubān (أبو حنيفة نعمان بن ثابت بن زوطا بن مرزبان; c. 699 – 767 CE), known as Abū Ḥanīfa for short, or reverently as Imam Abū Ḥanīfa by Sunni Muslims, was an 8th-century Sunni Muslim theologian and jurist of Persian origin,Pakatchi, Ahmad and Umar, Suheyl, “Abū Ḥanīfa”, in: Encyclopaedia Islamica, Editors-in-Chief: Wilferd Madelung and, Farhad Daftary.
The Abu Hanifa Mosque (مسجد أبو حنيفة) or (مسجد أبي حنيفة) also known as (جامع الإمام الأعظم) is one of the most prominent Sunni mosques in Baghdad, Iraq.
Abū Ḥayyān al-Gharnāṭī ("Abū Ḥayyān from Granada", full name Muḥammad ibn Yūsuf bin ‘Alī ibn Yūsuf ibn Hayyān an-Nifzī al-Barbarī Athīr al-Dīn Abū Ḥayyān al-Jayyānī al-Gharnāṭī al-Andalūsī) was a commentator on the Quran.
Abū Hurayrah al-Dawsiyy al-Zahrāniyy (أبو هريرة الدوسي الزهراني‎; 603–681), often spelled Abu Hurairah, was one of the sahabah (companions) of Muhammad and, according to Sunni Islam, the most prolific narrator of hadith.
Abu 'Isa (also known as Ovadiah, Ishaq ibn Ya'qub al-Isfahani, Isaac ibn Jacob al-Isfahani) was a self-proclaimed Jewish prophet sometime in the 8th century AD in Persia and the leader of a short-lived revolt.
Abu 'Isa al-Warraq, full name Abu 'Isa Muhammad ibn Harun al-Warraq (أبو عيسى محمد ابن هارون الوراق Abū ʿĪsā Muḥammad ibn Hārūn al-Warrāq, 889 – 24 June 994), was a 9th-century Arab skeptic scholar and critic of Islam and religion in general.
Abu Jaʿfar An-Nahhas (أبو جعفر النحاس; died 949 / AH 338) was an Egyptian scholar of grammar and Qur'anic exegete during the Abbasid period.
Abu Madyan (1126–1198), also known as Abu Madyan Shu'ayb Al-Ghawth, or Abū Madyan, or Sidi Bou-Mediene, or Sidi Abu Madyan Shuayb ibn al-Hussein al-Ansari, was an influential Andalusian mystic and a great Sufi master.
Abū Manṣūr Muḥammad b. Muḥammad b. Maḥmūd al-Samarḳandī (853-944 CE; محمد بن محمد بن محمود أبو منصور ماتریدی سمرقندی حنفی), often referred to as Abū Manṣūr al-Māturīdī for short, or reverently as Imam Māturīdī by Sunni Muslims, was a Sunni Hanafi jurist, theologian, and scriptural exegete from ninth-century Samarkand who became the eponymous codifier of one of the principal orthodox schools of Sunni theology, the Maturidi school, which became the dominant theological school for Sunni Muslims in Central Asia and later enjoyed a preeminent status as the school of choice for both the Ottoman Empire and the Mughal Empire.
Abu Musa Abd Allah ibn Qays al-Ash'ari, better known as Abu Musa al-Ash'ari (أبو موسى الأشعري) (d. ca. 662 or 672) was a companion of Muhammad and an important figure in early Islamic history.
Abu Raita al-Takriti (حبيب ابن خدمة أبو رائطة التكريتي), was a 9th-century Syriac Orthodox theologian and apologist.
Abu Raja Al-Sindi(Arabic)ابو راجه السندي (d. 321 AH/d. 10th century AD) was an Arabic scholar of Sindhi origin in the present day Pakistan.
Sa'id ibn Malik Sinan al-Khazraji al-Khudri (سعد بن مالك بن سنان الخزرجي الخدري) (kunya: Abu Sa'id) was an Ansari from the original inhabitants of Medina and one of the younger companions of the Islamic prophet Muhammad.
Abu Saymeh is a Muslim calligrapher who earned worldwide fame when he was selected by Victor Batarseh, the Christian mayor of Bethlehem on the West Bank, to copy out in Arabic script the Gospel of Luke from the New Testament of the Christian Bible for presentation to the Catholic Pope Benedict XVI.
Abu Sayyaf (جماعة أبو سياف;, ASG; Grupong Abu Sayyaf), unofficially known as the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant – Philippines Province, is a Jihadist militant and pirate group that follows the Wahhabi doctrine of Sunni Islam based in and around Jolo and Basilan islands in the southwestern part of the Philippines, where for more than four decades, Moro groups have been engaged in an insurgency for an independent province in the country.
Abu Talib al-Makki, Muhammad ibn 'Ali (d. 386 AH/996 AD in Baghdad), was a hadith scholar, Shafi'i jurist, and Sufi mystic.
Abū Ṭālib ibn ‘Abd al-Muṭṭalib (ابو طالب بن عبد المطلب), was the leader of Banu Hashim, a clan of the Qurayshi tribe of Mecca in the Hijaz, Arabian Peninsula.
Abu Ubaida, Obaida, or Ubaydah (أبو عبيدة; 728–825) Ma’mar ibn ul-Muthanna was an early Muslim scholar of Arabic philology.
Abu Ubaidah ibn al-Jarrah, fully Abū ‘Ubaydah ‘Āmir ibn ‘Abdillāh ibn al-Jarāḥ (أبو عبيدة عامر بن عبدالله بن الجراح; 583–639 CE), was one of companions of the Islamic prophet Muhammad.
Abu Yaqub Yusuf an-Nasr (أَبُو يُوسُف يَعقُوب الناصر abū yūsuf ya`qūb an-nāṣr) (died 13 May 1307) was a Marinid ruler of Morocco.
Abu Yasir Al Jaza'iri is an alleged terrorist, captured as part of the War on Terror in Lahore on March 15, 2003, along with a Pakistani and three unnamed Afghans.
Abū Yūsuf Ya‘qūb al-Manṣūr (c. 1160 Morocco – 23 January 1199 Marrakesh, Morocco), also known as Moulay Yacoub, was the third Almohad Caliph.
Abu Zayd Ahmed ibn Sahl Balkhi (ابو زید احمد بن سهل بلخی) was a Persian Muslim polymath: a geographer, mathematician, physician, psychologist and scientist.
Abu'l-Fath an-Nasir ad-Dailami (died 1053) was an imam of the Zaidi state in Yemen who ruled from c. 1038 to 1053.
Abu al-Fida (أبو الفداء; November 1273October 27, 1331), fully Abu Al-fida' Isma'il Ibn 'ali ibn Mahmud Al-malik Al-mu'ayyad 'imad Ad-din and better known in English as Abulfeda, was a Kurdish historian, geographer and local governor of Hama.
Abu’l-Ḥasan Aḥmad ibn Muḥammad ibn ʿAbdallāh ibn al-Mudabbir, commonly simply known as Ibn al-Mudabbir, was a senior courtier and fiscal administrator for the Abbasid Caliphate, serving in the central government, in Syria and Egypt.
Abu-Ali Urbuti (born November 3, 1918) is an Egyptian Muslim sheikh who is best known for his fiery anti-American rhetoric and his unabashed support of Khalid Islambouli, the man convicted of assassinating Egyptian president Mohamed Anwar Al-Sadat in 1981.
Abubakar Gumi (5 November 1922 – 11 September 1992) was an outspoken Islamic scholar and Grand Khadi of the Northern Region of Nigeria (1962–1967), a position which made him a central authority in the interpretation of the Sharia legal system in the region.
The Abuja National Mosque, also known as the Nigerian National Mosque, is the national mosque of Nigeria, a country with a substantial Muslim population.
Syed Abul A'la Maududi Chishti (ابو الاعلی مودودی – alternative spellings of last name Maudoodi, Mawdudi, also known as Abul Ala Maududi; –) was a Muslim philosopher, jurist, journalist and imam.
Maulana Sayyid Abul Kalam Ghulam Muhiyuddin Ahmed bin Khairuddin Al-Hussaini Azad (11 November 1888 – 22 February 1958) was an Indian scholar and the senior Muslim leader of the Indian National Congress during the Indian independence movement.
Abyssinian people (ሐበሻይት), also known as the Habesha or Abesha, are a population inhabiting the Horn of Africa.
Although biological evolution has been vocally opposed by some religious groups, many other groups accept the scientific position, sometimes with additions to allow for theological considerations.
The Sultanate of Aceh, officially the Kingdom of Aceh Darussalam (Keurajeuën Acèh Darussalam; Jawoë: كاورجاون اچيه دارالسلام), was a Sultanate centered in the modern-day Indonesian province of Aceh.
Sūrat aḍ-Ḍuḥā (الضحى, “The Morning Hours”, “Morning Bright”) is the ninety-third sura of the Qur'an with 11 ayat.
Sūrat ad-Dukhān (سورة الدخان, "Smoke") is the 44th chapter (sura) of the Quran with 59 verses.
Adam (ʾĀdam; Adám) is the name used in the opening chapters of the Book of Genesis for the first man created by God, but it is also used in a collective sense as "mankind" and individually as "a human".
Adam is a common masculine given name.
Âdam or Aadam (ʾĀdam) is believed to have been the first human being and Nabi (نَـبِي, Prophet) on Earth, in Islam.
There are additional Shia doctrines besides the Theology of Twelvers and the Aspects of the Religion.
Sūrat adh-Dhāriyāt (سورة الذاريات, "The Winnowing Winds") is the 51st sura of the Qur'an with 60 ayat.
The adhan, athan, or azaan (أَذَان) (also called in Turkish: Ezan) is the Islamic call to worship, recited by the muezzin at prescribed times of the day.
Adib Boroumand (or Adīb Burūmand) (ادیب برومند; 11 June 1924 – 13 March 2017) was an Iranian poet, politician, and lawyer.
The Adil Shahi or Adilshahi, was a Shia Muslim dynasty, founded by Yusuf Adil Shah, that ruled the Sultanate of Bijapur, centred on present-day Bijapur district, Karnataka in India, in the Western area of the Deccan region of Southern India from 1489 to 1686.
Adnan Al-Rifaey (عدنان الرفاعي) is a Syrian Islamic researcher, graduated from University of Damascus in 1989 with a Civil Engineering Diploma, and he served in the Department of Education in Syria, published his first book in 1994, and as well published many books and booklets including.
Adultery (from Latin adulterium) is extramarital sex that is considered objectionable on social, religious, moral, or legal grounds.
Ali Ahmad Said Esber, romanised: ʿAlī Aḥmad Saʿīd 'Isbar (born 1 January 1930), also known by the pen name Adonis or Adunis (أدونيس, Adūnīs), is a Syrian poet, essayist and translator who is considered one of the most influential and dominant Arab poets of the modern era.
Afzal ad-Din Kashani (افضلالدین کاشانی) also known as Baba Afzal al-Din (بابا افضلالدین) was a Persian poet and philosopher.
African divination is divination practiced by cultures of Africa.
African-American culture, also known as Black-American culture, refers to the contributions of African Americans to the culture of the United States, either as part of or distinct from mainstream American culture.
African-American Muslims, also colloquially known as Black Muslims, are a religious minority among both the larger African American and Muslim population of the United States.
Afterlife (also referred to as life after death or the hereafter) is the belief that an essential part of an individual's identity or the stream of consciousness continues to manifest after the death of the physical body.
Mohammad Afzal Guru (30 June 1969 – 9 February 2013) was a Kashmiri separatist, who was convicted for his role in the 2001 Indian Parliament attack.
The Aga Khan Case was an 1866 court decision in the High Court of Bombay by Justice Sir Joseph Arnould that established the authority of the first Aga Khan, Hasan Ali Shah, as the head of the Bombay Khoja community.
Aga Khan II (آقا خان دوّم; Āghā Khān-i Duvvum or, less commonly but more correctly آقا خان دوّم Āqā Khān-i Duvvum), was the title of Aqa Ali Shah (آقا علی شاه Āqā ‘Alī Shāh; b. 1830 in Mahallat, Iran; d. August 1885 in Pune, India), the 47th Imam of the Nizari Ismaili Muslims.
The Aga Khan Museum (Musée Aga Khan) is a museum of Islamic art, Iranian (Persian) art and Muslim culture in the North York district of Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
The Aga Khan University (abbreviated AKU) (آغا خان یونیورسٹی, آغا خان يونيورسٽي) is an independent research university with its primary campus in Karachi, Pakistan, with additional campuses and training programmes in Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, United Kingdom and Afghanistan.
Agiasos (Αγιάσος) is a small town and a former municipality on the island of Lesbos, North Aegean, Greece.
Agra is a city on the banks of the river Yamuna in the northern state of Uttar Pradesh, India.
Ahesta Bero (آهسته برو) or Ohista Birav (оҳиста бирав), literally "walk slowly" ("walk graciously"), is a musical composition played to welcome the bride and groom's entrance to the wedding hall in weddings in Afghanistan, Israel, Azerbaijan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, and parts of Pashtunistan and Persia.
Ahl al-Bayt (أهل البيت, اهلِ بیت), also Āl al-Bayt, is a phrase meaning, literally, "People of the House" or "Family of the House".
The Ahl al-Bayt World Assembly (مجمع جهانی اهل البیت.) is an international non-governmental organization (INGO) that was established by a group of Shiite elites under the supervision of the great Islamic authority of the Shiites in 1990 to identify, organize, educate and support the followers of Ahl al-Bayt.
Ahl al-Kisa' (Ahl al-Kisā'), or the People of the Cloak, refers to the Islamic prophet, Muhammad; his daughter, Fatimah; his cousin and son-in-law Ali; and his two grandsons Hassan and Husayn.
Ahl-i Hadith or Ahl-e-Hadith (اهل حدیث, اہل حدیث, people of hadith) is a religious movement that emerged in Northern India in the mid-nineteenth century from the teachings of Syed Nazeer Husain and Siddiq Hasan Khan.
Ahlebait TV is a Shia Muslim TV channel based in the United Kingdom.
Ahmad, Ahmed or Ahmet are the principal transliterations of an Arabic given name, أحمد.
Ahmad al-Alawi (1869–14 July 1934), (in full, Abū al-ʿAbbās Aḥmad ibn Muṣṭafā ibn ʿAlīwa, known as al-ʿAlāwī al-Mustaghānimī أبو العباس أحمد بن مصطفى بن عليوة المعروف بالعلاوي المستغانمي), was an Algerian Sufi Sheikh who founded his own Sufi order, called the Alawiyya.
Ahmad bin Muhammad bin al-Siddiq al-Ghumari was a Muslim traditionist and scholar of Hadith from Morocco.
Ahmad al-Muhajir (أحمد المهاجر,,; 260-345 AH or 873-956 CE) also known as Al-Imām Aḥmad bin ʻIsa was an Imam Mujtahid and the progenitor of Ba 'Alawi sada group which is instrumental in spreading Islam to India, Southeast Asia and Africa.
Sayyed Ahmad Al-Qabbanji (born 1958) is a liberal Muslim Iraqi writer and Shia cleric.
Sayyid Ahmad Alamolhoda (also Alam Olhoda or Alam al-Hoda; احمد علمالهدی) is an Iranian Shia Islamic cleric who has been described as "senior" and "conservative" and "hardline." His rank has been given both as Hojjatoleslam and Ayatollah.
Kyai Haji Ahmad Dahlan (Arabic: أحمد دحلان;‎ 1 August 1868 – 23 February 1923), born Muhammad Darwis, was an Indonesian Islamic revivalist who established Muhammadiyah in 1912.
Ahmed Dede (born 1960) is a Islamic sheikh, and a follower of the Sufi order of Islam, who helps spread Sufism and the art of Sufi Whirling in the United Kingdom.
Aḥmad ibn Muḥammad ibn ʿAjībah al-Ḥasanī (1747–1809) was an 18th-century Moroccan saint in the Darqawa Sufi Sunni Islamic lineage.
Aḥmad bin Muḥammad bin Ḥanbal Abū ʿAbd Allāh al-Shaybānī (احمد بن محمد بن حنبل ابو عبد الله الشيباني; 780–855 CE/164–241 AH), often referred to as Aḥmad ibn Ḥanbal or Ibn Ḥanbal for short, or reverentially as Imam Aḥmad by Sunni Muslims, was an Arab Muslim jurist, theologian, ascetic, and hadith traditionist.
Ahmad ibn Muhammad Ardabili (احمد بن محمد اردبیلی) was a Shia Grand Ayatollah of jurisprudence.
Abū Badīl Ahmad ibn Muhammad Sajāwandī (Persian: ابوبدیل احمد بن محمد سجاوندی) also known by the honorifics Majd ud-Dīn (مجد الدین "splendour of the faith") and Imām-e Kabīr (امام کبیر "the Great Imam") (died 1176 CE or 571 AH) was a 12th-century chronicler, commentator on the Quran, poet and orator.
Ayatollah Ahmad Jannati (احمد جنتی, born 23 February 1927) is an Iranian Shi'i cleric and a conservative politician.
Ahmad Milad Karimi (born February 10, 1979) is an Afghan-born German philosopher of religion, scholar of Islam, translator of the Koran, and poet.
Ahmad Moftizadeh (ئەحمەدی موفتیزاده, احمد مفتیزاده; February 1933 – 9 February 1993) was an influential political and religious thinker among the Sunni Kurdish minority in Iranian Kurdistan.
Ahmad Musa Jibril (alt. Jebril,, Vice News, 6 April 2015 born 1972), also known as Abu Khaled, is a Palestinian-American Islamic radical preacher, cleric, sheikh,, Detroit Free Press, 5 June 2017, Detroit Free Press, 7 June 2017 and imam.
Syed Ahmad Saeed Kazmi (1913 – 4 June 1986, سید احمد سعید کاظمی.) was scholar and Sufi living in Multan.
Ahmad Soleimani Nia (احمد سلیمان نیا) is an Iranian actor best known for playing the role of Jesus in the 2007 film Mesih directed by Nader Talebzadeh based on the Islamic view of Jesus drawing on the Quran and the putative Gospel of Barnabas.
Ahmad Surkati (احمد بن محمد السركتي.;;; born 1875 CE) was the founder of the organization Jam'iyat al-Islah wa Al-Irsyad al-Arabiyah (Arab Association for Reform and Guidance), which later transformed into Jam'iyat al-Islah wal Irsyad al-Islamiyyah, which is more commonly called as al-Irshad in Batavia, August 1915.
Ahmad Taqi "Hundee" Sheikh Mohammed Rashid (1942? – September 6, 1974) was an Oromo nationalist, known, along with his comrade Elemo Qiltu, as the "first true fighters and martyrs of the Oromo causes".
Ahmad Tejan Sillah is a Sierra Leonean Shia Muslim scholar and Islamic preacher.
Ahmad Tohari (born 13 June 1948) is an Indonesian author.
Ahmadiyya (officially, the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community or the Ahmadiyya Muslim Jama'at; الجماعة الإسلامية الأحمدية, transliterated: al-Jamā'ah al-Islāmiyyah al-Aḥmadiyyah; احمدیہ مسلم جماعت) is an Islamic religious movement founded in Punjab, British India, in the late 19th century.
The Ahmadiyya movement in Islam has relationships with a number of other religions.
The Ahmadiyya Caliphate is a non-political caliphate established on May 27, 1908 following the death of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, the founder of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community, who claimed to be the promised Messiah and Mahdi, the expected redeemer awaited by Muslims.
The Ahmadiyya Muslim Community Bangladesh or Ahmadiyya Muslim Jama'at Bangladesh (Bengali: আহমদীয়া মুসলিম জামা'ত, বাংলাদেশ) is the branch of the worldwide Ahmadiyya Muslim Community.
Ahmadiyya is an Islamic branch in Denmark, under the spiritual leadership of the caliph in London.
The Ahmadiyya is an Islamic movement in Egypt with origins in the Indian subcontinent.
Ahmadiyya is an Islamic branch in Ghana, under the spiritual leadership of the caliph in London.
Ahmadiyya in Israel (أحمدية في إسرائيل) is a small Islamic community in Israel.
Ahmadiyya is an Islamic community in Japan.
Ahmadiyya is an Islamic religious movement in Liberia.
Ahmadiyya is an Islamic branch in Spain, under the spiritual leadership of the caliph in London.
Ahmadiyya is an Islamic community in Sweden, under the leadership of the caliph in London.
Ahmadiyya is an Islamic branch in Switzerland, under the spiritual leadership of the caliph in London.
Ahmadiyya is an Islamic branch in the United States.
The Ahmadiyya Muslim Community has translated the Quran into over 70 languages of the world.
In Ahmadiyya Islam, Jihad is a radical concept.
The Ahmadiyya Movement in Islam universally accepts the process of evolution, albeit divinely guided, and actively promotes it.
The Ahmadnagar Sultanate was a late medieval Indian kingdom, located in the northwestern Deccan, between the sultanates of Gujarat and Bijapur.
Ahmadou Babatoura Ahidjo (24 August 1924 – 30 November 1989) was the first President of Cameroon, holding the office from 1960 until 1982.
Ahmed Ibrahim al-Haznawi (احمد ابراهيم الحزناوي) (October 11, 1980 – September 11, 2001) was one of four hijackers of United Airlines Flight 93 as part of the September 11 attacks.
Ahmed Al-Waeli Al-Laithi Al-Kinani (1928–2003) (الدكتور الشيخ أحمد الوائلي الليثي الكناني.) was a prominent Shi'a Islamic cleric, who preached the Islamic thoughts through books and lectures.
Ahmed Ali (1 July 1910 in Delhi – 14 January 1994 in Karachi) (احمد علی.) was a Pakistani novelist, poet, critic, translator, diplomat and scholar.
Ahmed Bouzfour (أحمد بوزفور) (born 1945, in Taza) is a Moroccan novelist.
Ahmed Muhammad Ahmed el-Tayeb (أحمد محمد أحمد الطيب) (born January 6, 1946) is the current Grand Imam of al-Azhar and former president of al-Azhar University.
Ahmed Harrak Srifi is a prominent Moroccan scholar from the tribe of Ahl Srif in the north of Morocco.
Ahmed Hulusi (born 1945 in Istanbul, Turkey) is an Islamic author from Turkey, whose works focus on philosophical and religious ideas.
Ahmed Ismail Samatar (Axmed Ismaciil Samatar, أحمد إسماعيل سمتر) is a prominent Somali writer, professor and former dean of the Institute for Global Citizenship at Macalester College.
Ahmed Karahisari (1468–1566) (Ahmed Şemseddin Karahisârî) (احمد شمس ا لدين قراهسارى.) was an Ottoman calligrapher.
Ahmed Kuftaro or Ahmad Kaftaru (Arabic: أحمد كفتارو; December 1915 – 1 September 2004) was the Grand Mufti of Syria, the highest officially appointed Sunni Muslim representative of the Fatwa-Administration in the Syrian Ministry of Auqaf in Syria.
Ahmed Noori, aka Abu Raihan Ahmed Noori, was a prominent writer and journalist who belonged to the Beary community of Mangalore in Dakshina Kannada in South India.
Ahmed Raza Khan (Arabic: أحمد رضا خان, Persian: احمد رضا خان, احمد رضا خان., अहमद रज़ा खान), commonly known as Ahmed Raza Khan Barelwi, Ahmed Rida Khan in Arabic, or simply as "Ala-Hazrat" (14 June 1856 CE or 10 Shawwal 1272 AH – 28 October 1921 CE or 25 Safar 1340 AH), was an Islamic scholar, jurist, theologian, ascetic, Sufi, and reformer in British India, and the founder of the Barelvi movement.
Ahmed Saad Al-Azhari (أحمد سعد الأزهري.; is an Egyptian born, British Islamic scholar, and is the founder of the Ihsan Institute. He is an advocate of teaching traditional Islamic sciences; which he has taught in various parts of the world.
Ahmed Said Musa Patel (16 January 1937 to 8 September 2009) was the first Imam (Muslim cleric) in New Zealand and served as the principal spiritual and religious advisor to the Islamic community here from 1960 to 1986.
Ahmed Sefrioui (أحمد صفروي) (January 1, 1915 - February 25, 2004) was a Moroccan novelist and pioneer of Moroccan literature in the French language.
Ahmed Subhy Mansour (أحمد صبحي منصور; born March 1, 1949) is an Egyptian American activist, whose website describes him as an Islamic scholar with expertise in Islamic history, culture, theology, and politics.
Ahmed Tijani Ben Omar (أحمد تيجاني بن عمر; born January 30, 1950) is a Ghanaian-born American Islamic scholar and Imam.
Ahmad ar-Rifâi (1119–1182 AD) was a Sufi Islamic teacher born in Hasten, Wasit province, Iraq.
The Mosque of Abu Bakr al-'Aydarus or Aidrus Mosque (جامع العيدروس) is a Sufi mosque in Aidrus Street in Crater, Aden, Yemen.
Air France Flight 8969 was an Air France flight that was hijacked on 24 December 1994 by the Armed Islamic Group of Algeria (GIA) at Houari Boumedienne Airport, Algiers, Algeria.
‘Ā’ishah bint Abī Bakr (613/614 – 678 CE;عائشة بنت أبي بكر or عائشة, transliteration: ‘Ā’ishah, also transcribed as A'ishah, Aisyah, Ayesha, A'isha, Aishat, Aishah, or Aisha) was one of Muhammad's wives.
Aisha Abd al-Rahman (Arabic: عائشة عبد الرحمن; 18 November 1913 – 1 December 1998) was an Egyptian author and professor of literature who published under the pen name Bint al-Shati ("Daughter of the Riverbank").
Aisha al-Mana (Arabic: عائشة المانع) is a Saudi activist and feminist who has participated both in demonstrations against the ban on women driving in Saudi Arabia and in the anti male-guardianship campaign.
Aisha Musa Ahmad (ʾAyša Mūsā Aḥmad;, Discogs. Retrieved 4 November 2016. 1905 – 24 February 1974), better known as Aisha al-Falatiya (عائشة الفلاتية), was a Sudanese singer.
Aitaroun (or Aytaroun, Arabic: عيترون) is a Lebanese village located in the caza of Bint-Jbeil at 33.1156° North, 35.4722° East.
Ajami ibn Abubakr Nakhchivani (life: 12th-13th centuries) was a Muslim architect.
Azan Fakir, born Shah Miran, also known as Ajan Pir, Hazrat Shah Miran, and Shah Milan (presumably from Miran), was a Sufi Syed, poet, Muslim preacher and saint from the 17th century who came from Baghdad to settle in the Sibsagar area of Assam in the north-eastern part of India, where he helped to unify the people of the Brahmaputra valley, and to reform, reinforce and stabilise Islam in the region of Assam.
Abu'l-Fath Jalal-ud-din Muhammad Akbar (15 October 1542– 27 October 1605), popularly known as Akbar I, was the third Mughal emperor, who reigned from 1556 to 1605.
Akbarabadi Masjid, or Akbarabadi Mosque was a mosque in Delhi.
Akdamut, or Akdamus or Akdamut Milin, or Akdomus Milin (Aramaic: אֵקְדָּמוּת מִלִּין, "In Introduction to the Words," i.e. to the Aseret ha-dibrot, the Ten Commandments), is a prominent piyyut ("liturgical poem") recited annually on the Jewish holiday of Shavuot by Ashkenazi Jews written in Aramaic.
Akeem Levar Dodson (born September 6, 1987) is an American professional cricketer.
The Akhbaris (اخباري) are Twelver Shia Muslims who reject the use of reasoning in deriving verdicts, and believe Quran and hadith (sayings of Prophet Muhammad and Twelve Shia Imams) as the only source of law.
ʾĀkhirah (الآخرة) is an Islamic term referring to the afterlife.
Akihya or Akhi Brotherhoods (from the Arabic اخي, “my brother”) were the Sufi guilds of young men dedicated to the betterment of the community focused around Anatolia, in the lands that would become the Ottoman Empire.
Akhlaq (أخلاق) is an Arabic term referring to the practice of virtue, morality and manners in Islamic theology and falsafah (philosophy).
An akhoond (akhund or akhwand) (آخوند) is a Persian title for an Islamic cleric, common in Iran, Azerbaijan and some parts of Afghanistan and Pakistan.
Akhund Azaz Allah Muttalawi (آخوند أعزاز الله) was a Muslim theologian from Sindh.
Akhundzada Pir Saif ur Rahman Mubarak (آخوندزاده سيف الرحمان مبارك(رحمةالله عليه also known as Mubarak Sarkar) (1925-2010) was a Sufi Shaikh (Guide) of the Naqshbandi Mujaddadi Tariqa, the founder of the Naqshbandi Mujaddidi Saifia Tariqa. He adhered to the Sunni Maturidi aqeedah (belief set) and practised the Hanafi school of Islam. He is famous for activating the hearts of his disciples so that a clear vibration can be seen in the chests of many of his followers, and the induction of Wajad (spiritual ecstasy) during gatherings of Zikr (Remembrance of God). Many people have accepted Islam through him. His followers observe strict compliance with Sunnah, acquire activation of Lataif, and experience Wajad during Zikr.Ken Lizzio, Ph.D., ISSN 1653-6355 Published 2007-02-21.
Aki Nawaz (born Haq Nawaz Qureshi) is a British singer and musician and part of the band Fun-Da-Mental.
Akilathirattu Ammanai (அகிலத்திரட்டு அம்மானை; akilam ("world"), thirattu ("collection"), ammanai ("ballad")), also called Thiru Edu ("venerable book"), is the main religious text of the Tamil belief system Ayyavazhi.
"Al Aaraaf" is an early poem by American writer Edgar Allan Poe, first published in 1829.
The Al Ansar guest house is a name Joint Task Force Guantanamo counter-terrorism analysts have applied to several guest houses they consider suspicious.
Al Falaah College is an independent religious school situated in the coastal city of Durban, in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.
Al Fattah is one of the Attributes of God in Islam.
Al Haleem (الحليم) is one of the Names of Allah.
Sura Al-Imran (آل عمران, Sūratu Āl 'Imrān, "The Family of Imran") is the 3rd chapter of the Qur'an with two hundred verses.
Al Jazirah (in Arabic الجزيرة meaning The Peninsula) is a daily Arabic newspaper published in Saudi Arabia.
Al Madeena Islamic complex (مجمع مدينة الاسلامى), also known as Al Madeena Yetheem Khana' (دار الايتام) is an Islamic university in Mangalore, Karnataka, India, established on March 17, 1994.
Al Madrasathul Ibrahimiyya (அல் மத்ரஸதுல் இப்ராஹீமிய்யா) is an Islamic college situated nearby Kazimar Big Mosque in Kazimar Street, Madurai.
Al-Noor Academy (Arabic: أكاديمية النور, Academy of Light) is an Islamic middle and high school in Mansfield, Massachusetts.
The Al Qaeda Handbook is a computer file found by Manchester (England) Metropolitan Police during a search of the Manchester home of Anas al-Liby in 2000.
The Al Saleh Mosque (جامع الصالح) is the largest and most modern mosque in Sana'a, Yemen.
al-'As ibn Wa'il (العاص بن وائل) was the father of the Sahaba 'Amr ibn al-'As and Hisham ibn al-A'as.
Sūrat al-Aʻrāf (سورة الأعراف, "The Heights") is the seventh sura of the Qur'an, with 206 verses.
Sūrat Al-ʿĀdiyāt (سورة العاديات, "The Courser, The Chargers") is the 100th sura of the Qur'an with 11 verses (ayat).
Al-'Afuw (Arabic: العفو) is one of the Names of Allah.
Al-Ahbash (الأحباش / / "The Ethiopians"), also known as the Association of Islamic Charitable Projects (AICP) (جمعية المشاريع الخيرية الإسلامية /) is a Sufi religious movement which was founded in the mid-1980s.
The Al-Ahmadiya Mosque (جامع الأحمدية, also known as Mosque-Madrasa of Al-Ahmadiya (جامع ومدرسة الأحمدية) or Al-Maidan Mosque (جامع الميدان), is a historic mosque in Baghdad, Iraq. The mosque is located at the Al Rasheed Street in the southern part of Al-Rusafa, and the east of the Al-Maidan Square near the Al-Muradiyya Mosque. The mosque was built in 1796 by Ahmad Pasha al-Katkhadha, the vice of the Mamluk ruler Sulayman Pasha the Great. The minaret was later added by his brother Abdullah Buk along with the madrasa. The mosque is also near the Al-Khulafa Mosque, the mosque dating back to the Abbasid era.. Archnet. Retrieved January 4, 2018. Al-Ahmadiyya Mosque has an area of around 2600 square meters. Inside the mosque, there is a wide prayer space in front of the corridor. On the left side, there is a prayer room for summer, which is topped by the tall dome made of Qashani tiles and has a diameter of 11 meters. Minaret situates on the south of the dome. The wall of the mosque is painted with inscriptions of the Qur'anic verses, which was written by the calligrapher Sufyan al-Wahbi in 1850 who is buried in the mosque yard. The mosque was restored in 2010 before holding the conference for the cabinet of Waqf al-Sunna.
Sūrat al-Aḥqāf (سورة الأحقاف, "the sand dunes" or "the winding sand tracts") is the 46th sura of the Qur'an with 35 ayat.
Sūrat al-Aḥzāb (سورة الأحزاب, "The Clans, The Coalition, The Combined Forces") is the 33rd sūrah of the Qur'an with 73 ayat.
Sūrat al-Aʻlā (سورة الأعلى, “The Most High”, “Glory To Your Lord In The Highest”) is the eighty-seventh sura of the Qur'an with 19 ayat.
Sūrat al-ʻAlaq (سورة العلق, "The Clot" or “ the clinging thing”), is the 96th Surah or chapter of the Qur'an.
The Cattle or Sūrat al-Anʻām (سورة الأنعام) is the sixth chapter of the Qur'an, with 165 verses.
Sūrat al-Anbiyāʼ (سورة الأنبياء, "The Prophets") is the 21st sura (or chapter) of the Qur'an with 112 ayat.
Sūrat al-Anfāl (سورة الأنفال, "The Spoils of War") is the eighth chapter of the Qur'an, with 75 verses.
Surat al-‘Ankabūt (سورة العنكبوت, "The Spider") is the 29th sura of the Qur'an with 69 verses.
Al-Aqsa Mosque (Al-Masjid al-Aqṣā,, "the Farthest Mosque"), located in the Old City of Jerusalem, is the third holiest site in Islam.
Al-Ashraf Qansuh Al-Ghuri (الأشرف قانصوه الغوري) was the second-to-last of the Mamluk Sultans.
Sūrat al-‘Aṣr (سورة العصر, "The Declining Day, Eventide, The Epoch, Time") is the 103rd sūrah of the Qur’ān, the Muslim holy book.
Al-Azhar Mosque (جامع الأزهر, الأزهر, "mosque of the most resplendent") is an Egyptian mosque in Islamic Cairo.
Al-Azhar University (1,, "the (honorable) Azhar University") is a university in Cairo, Egypt.
Al-ʻUzzā (العزى) was one of the three chief goddesses of Arabian religion in pre-Islamic times and was worshiped by the pre-Islamic Arabs along with Allāt and Manāt.
al-Ājrūmīya (Arabic: الْآجُرُّومِيَّةِ) in full is a 13th-century book of Arabic grammar (نحو عربي naḥw ʿarabī).
Al-Balad (البلد) meaning The country, officially Sada Al-Balad (صدى البلد) meaning The echo of the country) is an Arabic-language daily newspaper in Lebanon. Its headquarters is in Beirut. It is a tabloid commercial paper.
The Cow or Sūrah al-Baqarah (سورة البقرة, "The Cow") is the second and longest chapter (Surah) of the Qur'an.
The Throne Verse (ʾĀyat al-Kursī) is the 255th verse of the 2nd surah of the Qur'an, Al-Baqara.
Verse (ayah) 256 of Al-Baqara is a well-known verse in the Islamic scripture, the Qur'an.
Abu Bakr Muḥammad ibn al-Ṭayyib al-Bāqillānī (أبو بكر محمد بن الطيب الباقلاني; c. 940 - 5 June 1013), often known as al-Bāqillānī for short, or reverentially as Imam al-Bāqillānī by Sunni Muslims, was a famous Sunni Islamic theologian, jurist, and logician who spent much of his life defending and strengthening orthodox Sunni Islam.
Jaʿfar b. Ḥasan b. ʿAbd al-Karīm b. al-Sayyid Muḥammad b. ʿAbd al-Rasūl al-Barzanjī, al-Ḥusaynī al-Madanī al-Shāfiʿī, “Zayn al-ʿĀbidīn” (الإمام السيد جعفر بن حسن بن عبد الكريم بن السيد محمد بن عبد الرسول البرزنجي الحسيني المدني الشافعي).
Islamic School of Trenton is a private Islamic School that serves students from pre-kindergarten to ninth grade.
Al-Bayan (البيان.) is the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant's (ISIL's) official radio station, based in Iraq, owned and operated by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), which broadcasts at 92.5 on the FM dial.
Nasir al-Din Abu al-Khair 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar al-Baydawi, also known as Baidawi, was a Muslim scholar, born in Fars, where his father was chief judge, in the time of the Atabek ruler Abu Bakr ibn Sa'd (1226–60).
Sūrat al-Bayyinah (سورة البينة, "The Clear Proof, Evidence") is the 98th sura of the Qur'an with 8 ayat.
Qasīdat al-Burda (قصيدة البردة, "Poem of the Mantle"), or al-Burda for short, is an ode of praise for the Islamic prophet Muhammad composed by the eminent Sufi mystic Imam al-Busiri of Egypt.
Al-Burhan is an exegesis on the Quran written by the Zaydi Imam Abu'l-Fath an-Nasir ad-Dailami in the 11th century.
Sūrat al-Burūj (البروج, "The Great Star") is the eighty-fifth chapter (sura) of the Quran with 22 verses.
Al-Damiri (1344–1405), the common name of Kamal al-Din Muhammad ibn Musa al-Damiri (كمال الدين محمد بن موسى الدميري), was an Egyptian writer on canon law and natural history.
Al-Damun (الدامون, al-Dâmûn), was a Palestinian Arab village located from the city of Acre that was depopulated during 1948 Arab-Israeli war.
Al-Dhahabi (Full name: Shams al-Dīn Abū ʿAbdallāh Muḥammad ibn Aḥmad ibn ʿUthmān ibn Qāymāẓ ibn ʿAbdallāh al-Turkumānī al-Fāriqī al-Dimashqī al-Shāfiʿī, محمد بن احمد بن عثمان بن قيم ، أبو عبد الله شمس الدين الذهبي), known also as Ibn al-Dhahabī (5 October 1274 – 3 February 1348), a Shafi'i Muhaddith and historian of Islam.
Abu ‘Amr Hafs Ibn ‘Umar Ibn ‘Abd al-‘Aziz al-Baghdadi, better known as Al-Duri (150-246AH),Muhammad Ghoniem and MSM Saifullah,.
Sūrat al-Fajr (سورة الفجر, “The Dawn”, “Daybreak”) is the eighty-ninth chapter (sura) of the Quran with 30 verses.
Sūrat al-Falaq (سورة الفلق, "Dawn, Daybreak") is the 113th sura of the Qur'an.
Hammam ibn Ghalib (همام بن غالب; born c. 641; died 728–730), most commonly known as Al-Farazdaq (الفرزدق) or Abu Firas, was an Arab poet.
Sūrat al-Fatḥ (سورة الفتح, "Victory, Triumph") is the 48th sura of the Qur'an with 29 ayat.
Sūrat al-Fātiḥah (سُورَةُ الْفَاتِحَة) is the first chapter (surah) of the Quran.
The Al-Fatiha Foundation was an organization which advanced the cause of LGBTQ Muslims.
Sūrat al-Fīl (سورة الفيل, "Chapter of the Elephant") is the 105th chapter (surah) of the Quran.
Al-Fuḍayl ibn ‘Iyāḍ (died 803 / AH 187, الفضيل بن عياض, full name, was also known as Abu Ali and as al-Talaqani) was a thief who renounced his crimes and became a Muslim ascetic.
Sūrat al-Furqan (سورة الفرقان, "The Criterion") is the 25th sura of the Qur'an with 77 ayat.
The al-Furqan Schools (Arabic: مدارس الفرقان) is a non-profit, boy’s only educational complex offering classes in primary, preparatory, and secondary schools for grades 1-12 as well as an extracurricular activities club.
Al-Ghabisiyya was a Palestinian Arab village in northern Palestine, 16 km north-east of Acre in present-day Israel.
Al Ghadir (الغدير في الكتاب والسنة والأدب) (that is "The Ghadir in the Book, the Sunnah, and Literature") is a 20-volume book written by the Iranian Shia scholar Abd Al Husayn Amini.
Al-Ghāfir (الغافر) is one of the titles of God in Islam, translated as "The Forgiver".
Al-Ghafoor (Arabic: الغفور) is one of the Names of Allah.
Al-Ghaib is an Arabic expression used to convey that something is concealed in some way.
Sūrat al-Ghāshiyah (الغاشية, “The Overwhelming”, “The Pall”) is the eighty-eighth sura of the Qur'an with 26 ayat.
Al-Ghazali (full name Abū Ḥāmid Muḥammad ibn Muḥammad al-Ghazālī أبو حامد محمد بن محمد الغزالي; latinized Algazelus or Algazel, – 19 December 1111) was one of the most prominent and influential philosophers, theologians, jurists, and mysticsLudwig W. Adamec (2009), Historical Dictionary of Islam, p.109.
Al-Ghazaly High School in Wayne, in Passaic County, New Jersey, is one of the oldest Islamic high schools in the United States.
Sūrat al-Ḥāqqah (سورة الحاقة) is the 69th sura of the Qur'an with 52 ayat.
Al-Hadi ila’l-Haqq Yahya (859 – August 19, 911) was a religious and political leader on the Arabian Peninsula.
Surah al-Ḥadīd (سورة الحديد) is the 57th chapter of the Quran with 29 verses.
Sūrat al-Ḥajj (سورة الحج, "The Pilgrimage, The Hajj") is the 22nd sura of the Qur'an with 78 ayat.
Abū Muhammad al-Ḥajjāj ibn Yūsuf ibn al-Ḥakam ibn ʿAqīl al-Thaqafī (أبو محمد الحجاج بن يوسف بن الحكم بن عقيل الثقفي; Ta'if 661 – Wasit, 714), known simply as al-Hajjaj ibn Yusuf (الحجاج بن يوسف / ALA: (or otherwise transliterated), was perhaps the most notable governor who served the Umayyad Caliphate. An extremely capable though ruthless statesman, a strict in character, but also a harsh and demanding master, he was widely feared by his contemporaries and became a deeply controversial figure and an object of deep-seated enmity among later, pro-Abbasid writers, who ascribed to him persecutions and mass executions.
Al-Ḥakīm al-Tirmidhī (الحكيم الترمذي), full name Abū ʿAbd Allāh Muḥammad ibn ʿAlī al-Ḥakīm al-Tirmidhī al-Ḥanafī (d. ca. 869) was a Sunni jurist (faqih) and traditionist (muhaddith) of Khorasan, but is mostly remembered as one of the great early authors of Sufism.
Abū ʿAlī Manṣūr (13 August 985 – 13 February 1021), better known by his regnal title al-Ḥākim bi-Amr Allāh (الحاكم بأمر الله; literally "Ruler by God's Command"), was the sixth Fatimid caliph and 16th Ismaili imam (996–1021).
Al-ḥamdu li-llāhi rabbi l-ʿālamīn (الحمد لله ربّ العالمين) is the second verse of the first surah of the Quran.
Al-Haramain Islamic Foundation (AHIF) was a charity foundation, based in Saudi Arabia.
Abu Hatim al-Harith ibn Surayj ibn Yazid ibn Sawa ibn Ward ibn Murra ibn Sufyan ibn Mujashi (أبو حاتم الحارث بن سريج) was an Arab leader of a large-scale social rebellion against the Umayyad Caliphate in Khurasan and Transoxiana.
Surah al-Hashr (سورة الحشر, "The Exile") is the 59th chapter (surah) of the Qur'an and has 24 verses.
Al-Hashr is the chapter 59 of the Qur'an, and this article is about its sixth verse, a verse related to the controversies of the land of Fadak.
Sūrat al-Ḥijr (سورة الحجر, "The Stoneland") is the 15th surah of the Qur'an.
Jamāl ad-Dīn Hasan ibn Yusuf ibn 'Ali ibn-i Mûtahhar al-Hilli (جمال الدين الحسن بن يوسف الحلي), also known as al-Allamah al-Hilli (العلامة الحلي, "the sage from Hilla"),Tehrani, Aga Buzurg, Tabaqat 'Alam il-Shi'ah, v.5 p.52 (Arabic) born December 15, 1250 CE (19 Ramadan 648 AH), died December 18, 1325, was a Twelver Shia theologian and mujtahid.
Sūrat al-Ḥujurāt (سورة الحجرات, "The Chambers") is the 49th chapter (sura) of the Qur'an with 18 ayat.
Sūrat al-Humazah (سورة الهمزة, "The Traducer, The Gossipmonger") is the 104th sura of the Qur'an, with 9 ayat.
College Al-hussein Mosque is in the Jordanian capital of Amman, located in Jabal Al-Hussein Mosque, on Khalid bin Waleed Street.
The Al-Hussain Mosque (مسجد الإمام الحسين; جامع سيدنا الحسين.) is a mosque built in 1154 (alternative transliterations include Husayn, Hussain, Husayn, and Hussayn; also, the mosque's name is prefixed by the honorific title Sayyidna).
Sūrat al-Ikhlāṣ (سورة الإخلاص, "Fidelity" or "Sincerity"), also known as Sūrat al-Tawḥīd (سورة التوحيد, "Monotheism") is the 112th sūra of the Qur'an.
The Al-Iman School is an Islamic school catering for Muslim students.
Sūrat al-Infiṭār (سورة الانفطار, “The Cleaving”, “Bursting Apart”) is the 82nd sura of the Qur'an with 19 ayat.
Sūrat al-Insān (سورة الإنسان, “Human”, “Man”) or Sūrat ad-Dahr (سورة الدهر) is the 76th chapter (sura) of the Quran with 31 verses (ayat).
In Islamic theology, al-Insān al-Kāmil (الإنسان الكامل) also rendered as Insān-i Kāmil (Persian/Urdu: انسان کامل) and İnsan-ı Kâmil (Turkish), is a term used as an honorific title to describe the prophet Muhammad.
Sūrat al-Inshiqāq (سورة الانشقاق, “The Sundering”, “Splitting Open”) is the eighty-fourth chapter (sura) of the Qur'an with 25 ayat.
Sūrat al-Inshirāḥ (سورة الإنشراح, “Solace” or “Comfort”) is the ninety-fourth sura of the Qur'an with eight ayat and is a Meccan surah.
Al-Irshad Al-Islamiya Association (Jam'iyat al-Ishlah wal Irshad al-Islamiyya) is an organization in Indonesia engaged in the educational and religious activities.
The Night Journey or Sūrat al-Isrāʼ (سورة الإسراء) or Sūrat Banī Isrāʼīl (سورة بني إسرائيل) is the 17th surah of the Quran, with 111 verses.
Qur'an 17:26 (also notated Al-Isra, 26) is the twenty-sixth verse of Al-Isra, the seventeenth chapter of the Qur'an, which relates to the controversies of the land of Fadak in modern-day Saudi Arabia.
Al-Izhar Pondok Labu (AIPL) is a moderate Islamic K-12 school in Pondok Labu, South Jakarta, Indonesia.
Al-Jahith's Treasury or Khizanat al-Jahith (خزانة الجاحظ) is the collective name for three bookstores in downtown Amman, Jordan, owned by three brothers of the al-Maaytah (Arabic: المعايطة) family of Karak.
al-Jāḥiẓ (الجاحظ) (full name Abū ʿUthman ʿAmr ibn Baḥr al-Kinānī al-Baṣrī أبو عثمان عمرو بن بحر الكناني البصري) (born 776, in Basra – December 868/January 869) was an Arab prose writer and author of works of literature, Mu'tazili theology, and politico-religious polemics.
(الجماعة الإسلامية, "the Islamic Group"; also transliterated El Gama'a El Islamiyya; also called "Islamic Groups" and transliterated Gamaat Islamiya, al Jamaat al Islamiya) is an Egyptian Sunni Islamist movement, and is considered a terrorist organization by the United States, the United Kingdom and the European Union.
Jamia Islamia Obaidia Nanupur, popularly known as Nanupur Obaidia Madrasah (নানুপূর ওবাইদিয়া মাদ্রাসা), is a famous Qawmi Jamiah.
Al-Jamiatul Arabiatul Islamiah, Ziri (আল জামিয়াতুল আরবিয়াতুল ইসলামিয়া জিরি), or Jamiah Islamiah Arabia, is a private and the third largest Qaumi Islamic university in Bangladesh.
Sūrat al-Jāthiyah (سورة الجاثية, "Crouching") is the 45th sura (chapter) of the Qur'an with 37 ayat (verses).
Sūrat al-Jinn (سورة الجن, “The Jinn”) is the seventy-second chapter of the Quran with 28 verses.
Sūrat al-Jumu`ah (سورة الجمعة, "Friday") is the 62nd chapter (sura) of the Quran with 11 verses.
Imam al-Haramayn Dhia' ul-Din Abd al-Malik ibn Yusuf al-Juwayni al-Shafi'i (امام الحرمین ضیاءالدین عبدالملک ابن یوسف جوینی شافعی, 17 February 1028— 19 August 1085; 419—478 AH) was a Persian Sunni Shafi'i jurist and mutakallim theologian.
Al-Kaafi fi fiqh al-Imaam Ahmad bin Hanbal is a book of Hanbali Fiqh written by Imaam Ibn Qudamah.
Sūrat al-Kāfirūn (سورة الكافرون, "The Unbelievers") is the name of the 109th Sura (chapter) of the Qur'an.
Sūrat al-Kahf (سورة الكهف, "The Cave") is the 18th surah of the Qur'an with 110 ayat.
Al-Kashshaaf 'an Haqa'iq at-Tanzil, popularly known as Al-Kashshaaf (lit) is a seminal tafsir (commentary on the Qur'an) by Al-Zamakhshari written in the 12th century.
Sūrat al-Kawthar (سورة الكوثر, "Abundance") is the 108th surah of the Quran and the shortest.
Abu al-Hasan, ‘Ali Ibn Hamzah al-Asadi (أبو الحسن علي بن حمزة الكسائي), better known as Al-Kisa'i (born 119 AH, 737 CE in Kufa - died 189 AH, 805 CE in Ranboyeh, near Rey), was one of the transmitters of the seven canonical Qira'at, or methods of reciting the Qur'an.
Sūrat al-Layl (الليل, “The Night”) is the ninety-second sūrah (chapter) of the Qur'an, containing twenty-one āyāt (verses).
Allat, also spelled Allatu, Alilat,, and (اللات) was the name and title of multiple goddesses worshipped in pre-Islamic Arabia, including the one in Mecca who was a chief goddess along with her siblings Manāt and al-‘Uzzá.
Surat al-Māʼida (سورة المائدة, "The Table" or "The Table Spread with Food", likely a word of Ethiopic origin) is the fifth chapter of the Quran, with 120 verses.
Abu al-Abbas al-Maʾmūn ibn Hārūn al-Rashīd (أبو العباس المأمون; September 786 – 9 August 833) was the seventh Abbasid caliph, who reigned from 813 until his death in 833.
Sūrat al-Māʻūn (سورة الماعون, "Small Kindnesses, Almsgiving, Have You Seen") is the 107th sura of the Qur'an with 7 ayat.This surah is concerned with two of the core teachings of Islam, how one prays and how one gives.
The Al-Ma'unah was a militant group based in Malaysia.
Sūrat al-Maʻārij (سورة المعارج, “The Ascending Stairways”) is the seventieth sura of the Qur'an with 44 ayat.
Abu al-ʿAlaʾ al-Maʿarri (Arabic, full name; December 973 – May 1057) was a blind Arab philosopher, poet, and writer.
al-Manār (المنار; ‘The Lighthouse’), was an Islamic magazine, written in Arabic, and was founded and published by Rashid Rida from 1898 until his death in 1935.
Al-Mansur or Abu Ja'far Abdallah ibn Muhammad al-Mansur (95 AH – 158 AH (714 AD– 6 October 775 AD); أبو جعفر عبدالله بن محمد المنصور) was the second Abbasid Caliph reigning from 136 AH to 158 AH (754 AD – 775 AD)Axworthy, Michael (2008); A History of Iran; Basic, USA;.
Al-Mansur Abdallah (February 24, 1166 - April 21, 1217), was an imam of the Zaidi state in Yemen who held the imamate from 1187 (or 1197) to 1217.
Al-Mansur al-Qasim (November 13, 1559 – February 19, 1620), with the cognomen al-Kabir (the Great), was an Imam of Yemen, who commenced the struggle to liberate Yemen from the Ottoman occupiers.
Al-Maqam Mosque (جامعة المقام) is a historic mosque in the city of Basra, Iraq.
Al-Maqasid (the goals, the purposes) is a guide to Islam written by Imam Shatibi in his book "Al-mowafaq'at".
Sūrat al-Masad (سورة المسد, meaning "The Palm Fiber") is the 111th chapter (sura) of the Quran with 5 verses.
The Prophet's Mosque (Classical ٱلْـمَـسْـجِـدُ ٱلـنَّـبَـوِيّ, Al-Masjidun-Nabawiyy; Modern Standard ٱلْـمَـسْـجِـدْ اَلـنَّـبَـوِي, Al-Masjid An-Nabawī) is a mosque established and originally built by the Islamic prophet Muhammad, situated in the city of Medina in the Hejazi region of Saudi Arabia.
Al-Moḥīṭ al-aʿẓam (Arabic: المحیط الأعظم) is a seven-volume commentary on the Quran written by Sayyid Haydar Amuli that was completed around 1375 or 1376 CE.
Al-Mu'awwidhatan (Arabic: المعوذتان), sometimes translated as "Verses of Refuge", is an Arabic term referring to the last two suras (chapters) of the Qur'an, viz.
Sūrat al-Mu’minūn (سورة المؤمنون, "The Believers") is the 23rd surah (chapter) of the Qur'an with 118 ayat (verses).
Abū Isḥāq Muḥammad ibn Hārūn al-Rashīd (أبو إسحاق محمد بن هارون الرشيد; October 796 – 5 January 842), better known by his regnal name al-Muʿtaṣim bi’llāh (المعتصم بالله, "he who seeks refuge in God"), was the eighth Abbasid caliph, ruling from 833 to his death in 842.
Sūrat al-Muddathir (سُـورة الـمُـدّثّـر, "Chapter of the Cloaked One" or "Chapter of the Man Wearing a Cloak") is the 74th sura of the Qur’an, with 56 ayat.
Al-Mufradat fi Gharib al-Quran (المفردات في غريب القرآن) is a dictionary of Qur'anic terms by Islamic scholar Al-Raghib al-Isfahani.
Sūrat al-Mujādilah (سورة المجادلة, "She Who Disputes, The Pleading Woman") is the 58th chapter (sura) of the Qur'an with 22 verses (ayat).
Sūrat al-Mulk (سورة الملك, "Sovereignty, Kingdom") is the 67th chapter (sura) of the Quran, comprising 30 verses.
Sūrat al-Mumtaḥanah (سورة الممتحنة, translated "She That Is To Be Examined", "Examining Her") is the 60th chapter (sura) of the Quran, a Medinan sura with 13 verses.
Sūrat al-Munāfiqūn (سورة المنافقون, "The Hypocrites") is the 63rd chapter (sura) of the Qur'an with 11 verses.
Sūrat al-Mursalāt (سورة المرسلات, “The Emissaries”, “Winds Sent Forth”) is the 77th chapter (sura) of the Quran with 50 verses.
Al-Musabbihat (الْمُسَبِّحَاتِ) are those suras of the Quran that begin with Allah's glorification 'Subhana', 'Sabbaha', and 'Yusabbihu'.
Al-Mustafa Islamic Cultural Centre Ireland, which started its activities as Clonee Mosque based in the village of Clonee, is the mainstream and leading Islamic Centre in Dublin 15 Ireland.
Sūrat al-Muṭaffifīn (سورة المطففين, “The Defrauders”) is the eighty-third sura of the Qur'an with 36 ayat.
Al-Nahda (النهضة / ALA-LC: an-Nahḍah; Arabic for "awakening" or "renaissance") was a cultural renaissance that began in the late 19th and early 20th centuries in Egypt, then later moving to Ottoman-ruled Arabic-speaking regions including Lebanon, Syria and others.
The al‑Nour Party (Ḥizb al-Nūr), or "Party of The Light", is one of the political parties created in Egypt after the 2011 Egyptian Revolution.
Sūrat al-Qadr (سورة القدر, "Power, Fate") is the 97th sura of the Qur'an with 5 ayat.
Sūrat al-Qalam (سورة القلم, “The Pen”) is the sixty-eighth sura of the Qur'an with 52 ayat.
The verse of evil eye (آیه وَإِن يَكَادُ) is verse 51 and 52 of Al-Qalam Surah in the Quran.
Sūrat al-Qamar (سورة القمر, "The Moon") is the 54th sura of the Quran with 55 ayat.
Sūrat al-Qāriʻah (سورة القارعة) is the 101st chapter (sura) of the Quran with 11 verses.
Sūrat al-Qaṣaṣ (سورة القصص, "The Story") is the 28th sura of the Qur'an with 88 ayat.
Abu Ahmad Muhammad bin Ali bin Muhammad al-Karaji, better known as al-Qassab, was a Muslim warrior-scholar, exegete and specialist in Hadith studies.
Sūrat al-Qiyāmah (سورة القيامة, “The Rising Of The Dead”, “The Resurrection”) is the seventy-fifth chapter of the Quran with 40 verses.
Imam Abu 'Abdullah Al-Qurtubi or Abu 'Abdullah Muhammad ibn Ahmad ibn Abu Bakr al-Ansari al-Qurtubi (أبو عبدالله القرطبي) was a famous mufassir, muhaddith and faqih scholar from Cordoba of Maliki origin.
'Abd al-Karīm ibn Hūzān Abū al-Qāsim al-Qushayrī al-Naysābūrī, (عبدالکریم قُشَیری, عبد الكريم بن هوازن بن عبد الملك بن طلحة أبو القاسم القشيري) (also Kushayri) was born in 986 CE (376 AH) in Nishapur which is in Khorasan Province in Iran.
Abul-Qasim al-Hussein bin Mufaddal bin Muhammad, better known as Raghib Isfahani (ابوالقاسم حسین ابن محمّد الراغب الاصفهانی), was an eleventh-century Muslim scholar of Qur'anic exegesis and the Arabic language.
Buzurg Ibn Shahriyar of Ramhormuz, was allegedly a Muslim traveler, sailor, cartographer and geographer who was born in Khuzistan in Persia.
Al-Rifa`i (1118–1181/2, full name Ahmad ibn `Ali ar-Rifa`i أحمد بن علي الرفاعي) was the founder of the Rifa`i Sufi order.
The Risāla by ash-Shafi'i (d. 820), full title Kitab ar-Risāla fī Uṣūl al-Fiqh (كتاب الرسالة في أصول الفقه. "book of the communication on the foundations of comprehension (i.e. Islamic jurisprudence)") is a seminal text on the principles of Islamic jurisprudence The word risāla in Arabic means a "message" or "letter, communication".
Al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya (الصحیفه السجادیه,; "Scripture of Sajjad") (صحیفۀ امام سجاد,; "Scripture of Imam Sajjad") is a book of supplications attributed to Ali ibn Husayn Zayn al-Abidin, the great-grandson of the Islamic Prophet Muhammad.
The Mosque of Al Salih Tala'i (مسجد الصالح طلائع) is a late Fatimid-era mosque commissioned by the vizir Tala'i ibn Ruzzik in 1160.
Abū ʿAbdullāh Muhammad ibn Idrīs al-Shāfiʿī (أبـو عـبـد الله مـحـمـد ابـن إدريـس الـشـافـعيّ) (767-820 CE, 150-204 AH) was an Arab Muslim theologian, writer, and scholar, who was the first contributor of the principles of Islamic jurisprudence (Uṣūl al-fiqh).
Tāj al-Dīn Abū al-Fath Muhammad ibn `Abd al-Karīm ash-Shahrastānī (1086–1153 CE), also known as Muhammad al-Shahrastānī, was an influential Persian historian of religions, a historiographer, Islamic scholar, philosopher and theologian.
Abul-Hasan Muhammad ibn Al-Husayn Al-Musawi known in Arabic as al-Sharif al-Radi (الشريف الرضي) and in Persian as Sharif Razi (شريف رضی) or Seyyed Razi (سید رضی) was a Shi'ite Muslim scholar and poet, who was born in 359 AH/970 CE in Baghdad and died in the year 406/1015 in his hometown.
Abu 'Abd Allah Muhammad ibn Muhammad ibn al-Nu'man al-'Ukbari al-Baghdadi, known as al-Shaykh al-Mufid and Ibn al-Mu'allim (c.9481022 CE), was a prominent Twelver Shia theologian.
Abū al-Faḍl ‘Abd al-Raḥmān ibn Abī Bakr ibn Muḥammad Jalāl al-Dīn al-Khuḍayrī al-Suyūṭī (جلال الدين عبد الرحمن بن أبي بكر بن محمد الخضيري السيوطي; 1445–1505 AD) was an Egyptian religious scholar, juristic expert and teacher, and one of the most prolific writers of the Middle Ages of Persian origin, whose works deal with Islamic theology.
Abū Jaʿfar Muḥammad ibn Jarīr al-Ṭabarī (محمد بن جریر طبری, أبو جعفر محمد بن جرير بن يزيد الطبري) (224–310 AH; 839–923 AD) was an influential Persian scholar, historian and exegete of the Qur'an from Amol, Tabaristan (modern Mazandaran Province of Iran), who composed all his works in Arabic.
Tafasir Al Quran (Persian: تفاسیر قرآن) are collections of books as commentaries on Quran written by Mulla Sadra.
At-Tibyan Fi Tafsir al-Quran (التبیان فی تفسیر القرآن) is an exegesis of the Quran in ten volumes written by Shaykh Tusi.
Al-Tijani Yusuf Bashir (1912–1937) was a Sudanese poet who wrote in Arabic.
The Az-Zahiriyah library (المكتبة الظاهرية) in Damascus, Syria dates back to 1277, taking its name from its founder Sultan Baibars (1223–1277).
Abu al-Qasim Mahmud ibn Umar al-Zamakhshari, known widely as al-Zamakhshari (in محمود زمخشری), also called Jar Allah (Arabic for "God's neighbour") (18 March 1075 – 12 June 1144), was a medieval Muslim scholar of Persian origin, who subscribed to the Muʿtazilite theological doctrine, who was born in Khwarezmia, but lived most of his life in Bukhara, Samarkand, and Baghdad.
Ez-Zitouna Mosque or Ezzitouna Mosque or Mosque of El-Zituna (جامع الزيتونة, literally meaning the Mosque of Olive) is a major mosque in Tunis, Tunisia.
Alaa Murabit (born October 26, 1989) is a Canadian physician and leading international advocate for inclusive peace processes.
Alaeddin Mosque, also known as Alaaddin Mosque (Alaeddin Camii or Alaaddin Camii) is a historic mosque in Odunpazarı district of Eskişehir Province, Turkey.
Alan Dundes (September 8, 1934 – March 30, 2005) was a folklorist at the University of California, Berkeley.
Alanya, formerly Alaiye, is a beach resort city and a component district of Antalya Province on the southern coast of Turkey, in the country's Mediterranean Region, east of the city of Antalya.
In 1299, the Delhi Sultanate ruler Alauddin Khalji sent an army to ransack the Gujarat region of India, which was ruled by the Vaghela king Karna.
The Alavi Bohras (علوي بھرۃ) are a Taiyebi Musta'alavi Isma'ili Shi'i Muslim community from Gujarat, India.
Sayyid Alavi Mouladaveel AlHussainy Thangal (سيّد علوي مولو الدويلة., സയ്യിദ് അലവി മൌലദവീല) (Tarim, Kathiri State of Seiyun in Hadhramaut (modern Yemen) 1752 - Mambaram, Malabar, Madras State, British India 1845) was a Yemeni Islamic scholar who settled at Mambaram in Kerala, India.
The Alawis, also rendered as Alawites (علوية Alawiyyah/Alawīyah), are a syncretic sect of the Twelver branch of Shia Islam, primarily centered in Syria.
The Albanians (Shqiptarë in Albanian, Albanezi in Romanian) are an ethnic minority in Romania.
Albert Félix Ignace Kazimirski or Albin de Biberstein (20 November 1808 – 22 June 1887) was a French orientalist and Arabist of Polish origin, author of an Arabic-French dictionary and a number of Arab-French translations, including the Quran.
Alchemy and chemistry in Islam refers to the study of both traditional alchemy and early practical chemistry (the early chemical investigation of nature in general) by scholars in the medieval Islamic world.
Alcohol intoxication, also known as drunkenness or alcohol poisoning, is negative behavior and physical effects due to the recent drinking of ethanol (alcohol).
Aleem Said Ahmad Basher (سيد أحمد بشير born on August 3, 1951) is a Filipino-Muslim Alim, an active Islamic preacher, broadcaster, lecturer and Islamic consultant (an expert / resource person).Admin.
Aleister Crowley (born Edward Alexander Crowley; 12 October 1875 – 1 December 1947) was an English occultist, ceremonial magician, poet, painter, novelist, and mountaineer.
An Alem (أليم, Alem) is a type of metal finial.
Alevism (Alevîlik or Anadolu Alevîliği/Alevileri, also called Qizilbash, or Shī‘ah Imāmī-Tasawwufī Ṭarīqah, or Shīʿah-ī Bāṭen’īyyah) is a syncretic, heterodox, and local tradition, whose adherents follow the mystical (''bāṭenī'') teachings of Ali, the Twelve Imams, and a descendant—the 13th century Alevi saint Haji Bektash Veli.
The Romance of Alexander is any of several collections of legends concerning the exploits of Alexander the Great.
Alexander Ross (c. 1590–1654) was a prolific Scottish writer and controversialist.
Mohammed Alexander Russell Webb (November 9, 1846 in Hudson, New York – October 1, 1916 in Rutherford, New Jersey) was an American writer, publisher, and the United States Consul to the Philippines.
Alexander III of Macedon (20/21 July 356 BC – 10/11 June 323 BC), commonly known as Alexander the Great (Aléxandros ho Mégas), was a king (basileus) of the ancient Greek kingdom of Macedon and a member of the Argead dynasty.
The story of Dhul-Qarnayn (in Arabic ذو القرنين, literally "The Two-Horned One", also transliterated as Zul-Qarnain or Zulqarnain), mentioned in the Quran, may be a reference to Alexander III of Macedon (356–323 BC), popularly known as Alexander the Great.
Alexander Joseph Patrick Wilson (24 October 1893 – 4 April 1963) was an English writer, spy and MI6 officer.
Alfathi (lit. New Possibilities) is a brand name used by Nortura on its halal meat distributed in Norway.
Alfiya is a rhymed book of Arabic grammar written by Ibn Malik in the 13th century.
Alfred Felix Landon Beeston, FBA (23 February 1911 – 29 September 1995) was an English Orientalist best known for his studies of Arabic language and literature, and of ancient Yemeni inscriptions, as well as the history of pre-Islamic Arabia.
Alhagi maurorum is a species of legume commonly known, variously, as camelthorn, camelthorn-bush, Caspian manna, and Persian mannaplant.
Alhaj Moulana Peer Ghousavi Shah (Persian/Urdu:الحاج حضرت مولانا غوثوی شاه.) (4 November 1955) is a Muslim Sufi Mystic Teacher, Writer and Columnist said to be famous as a great humanist in south India.
Al-ḥamdu lil-lāh (ٱلْـحَـمْـدُ للهِ) or Alḥamdulillāh, also known as Taḥmīd (lit), is an Arabic phrase meaning "praise be to the Lord", sometimes translated as "thank Lord!".
Alhassan Dantata (1877 – 17 August 1955) was a Northern Nigerian trader in kola nuts and ground nuts, and he was a distributor of European goods.
Ali (ʿAlī) (15 September 601 – 29 January 661) was the cousin and the son-in-law of Muhammad, the last prophet of Islam.
Ali Amjad Rizvi (born 29 May 1975) is a Pakistani-born Canadian writer, columnist, medical science communicator, oncologic pathologist, podcaster and ex-Muslim atheist and secular humanist activist.
Ali Abdel Raziq (ﻋﻠﻲ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﺮﺍﺯﻕ) (1888-1966) was an Egyptian scholar of Islam, religious judge and government minister.
Ali Akbar Rashad (born 1955) is an Iranian philosopher and Islamic scholar who pioneered the Ibtina Theory, a theory for explaining the process and mechanism of "religious knowledge" formation.
Alī ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Alī (علي بن محمد بن علي; 828-868 C.E.) commonly called Ali al-Hadi and Alī an-Naqī was known as al-Hadi. He was the tenth of the Twelve Imams after his father Muhammad al-Jawad and before his son Hasan al-Askari. He remained in Medina teaching until the age of 30 when he was summoned to Samarra by the Abbasid caliph Al-Mutawakkil. There he was treated roughly by the caliph and his successors until, according to Shiite accounts, he was poisoned through intrigue of Al-Mu'tazz the Abbasid caliph, in 254/868, and was buried in Samarra.
Ali al-Kourani (علي الكوراني) is a Lebanese Shia cleric.
Nur ad-Din Abu al-Hasan Ali ibn Sultan Muhammad al-Hirawi al-Qari (نور الدين أبو الحسن علي بن سلطان محمد الهروي القاري; d. 1605/1606), known as Mulla Ali al-Qari (ملا علي القاري) was an Islamic scholar.
Al-Sayyid Ali al-Husseini al-Sistani (السيد علي الحسيني السيستاني), or Sayyed Ali Hosseini Sistani (سید علی حسینی سیستانی), commonly known as Ayatollah Sistani in the Western world (born August 4, 1930 in Mashhad), is an Iranian Shia marja in Iraq and the head of many of the seminaries (Hawzahs) in Najaf.
Ali bin Muhammad bin Ali al-Sulayhi was the founder and sultan of the Sulayhid dynasty in Yemen.
Ali Ünal (born 19 January 1955 in Uşak, province of Turkey) is a Turkish author.
Ali Bin Abdur Rahman al Huthaify (Al huthaifah) is the chief imam and the khateeb of the Great mosque of Medina, and a former Imam of Quba Mosque.
Ali Dashti (علی دشتی, pronounced; 31 March 1897 – January 16, 1982) was an Iranian rationalist of the twentieth century.
Abu ’l-Ḥasan ʿAlī b. ʿUthmān b. ʿAlī al-Ghaznawī al-Jullābī al-Hujwīrī (c. 1009-1072/77), known as ʿAlī al-Hujwīrī or al-Hujwīrī (also spelt Hajweri, Hajveri, or Hajvery) for short, or reverentially as Shaykh Syed ʿAlī al-Hujwīrī or as Dātā Ganj Bakhsh by Muslims of the Indian subcontinent, was an 11th-century Ghaznian-Persian Sunni Muslim mystic, theologian, and preacher from what is now Afghanistan who became famous for composing the Kashf al-maḥjūb (Unveiling of the Hidden), which is considered the "earliest formal treatise" on Sufism in Persian.
Abū al-Ḥasan ʻAlī ibn ʻAbdillāh ibn Jaʻfar al-Madīnī (778 CE/161 AH – 849/234) (أبو الحسن علي بن عبد الله بن جعفر المديني) was a ninth-century Sunni Islamic scholar who was influential in the science of hadith.
Ali ibn Husayn (علي بن الحسين) known as Zayn al-Abidin (the adornment of the worshippers) and Imam al-Sajjad (The Prostrating Imam), was the fourth Shia Imam, after his father Husayn, his uncle Hasan, and his grandfather Ali.
Abu al-Hasan Ali Ibn Ibrāhim al-Qummi was a 10th century Shi'a commentator and jurist of Persian origin.
Abu al-Hasan Ali ibn Sahl Rabban al-Tabari (علی ابن سهل ربان طبری) (c. 838 – c. 870 CE; also given as 810–855 or 808–864 also 783–858), was a Persian Muslim scholar, physician and psychologist, who produced one of the first encyclopedia of medicine entitled Firdous al-Hikmah ("Paradise of wisdom").
The majority of Islamic commentators do not believe that Ali is mentioned explicitly in the Quran.
Sayyid Ali Hosseini Khamenei (سید علی حسینی خامنهای,; born 17 July 1939) is a ''marja'' and the second and current Supreme Leader of Iran, in office since 1989.
Allama Ali Khan Abro (علامه علي خان ابڑو) was a Sindhi scholar and educationist who is known for having written the Sindhi translation of Quran and intended to give the Qur'an a practical contemporary interpretation.
Ali bin Abdurrahman al-Habshi, better known as Habib Ali of Kwitang or Habib Ali Kwitang (على بن عبدالرحمن الحبشى,; born in Jakarta, 20 April 1870 CE - died in Jakarta, October 13, 1968 CE) was one of the leading Islamic clerics and preachers in Jakarta in the 20th century.
Ali Muhsin Al-Barwani (13 January 1919 in Stone Town – 20 March 2006 in Muscat, Oman) was a Zanzibari politician and diplomat under the Sultanate of Zanzibar.
Āli Musliyār (1861–1922) Malayalam: ആലി മുസ്ലിയാർ, Arabic: عالي مسليار), born Erikkunnan Pālattu Mūlayil Āli was a communal leader in moplah riot against British rule in the 1921–22 Malabar riots in Madras Presidency, British India. He was a sufi of Qadiriyya Tariqah. Musliyār was an Masjid al-Haram educated Islamic scholar and communal leader who served as the Imam of Tirurangadi Mosque from 1907 until his eventual execution for leading malabar riots at Coimbatore Prison. He was an active orator of the Khilafat Movement.
Ali Ravaghi (in Persian:علی رواقی - b. 29 November 1941, Mashhad, Iran) is a master and professor emiritus of Persian literature, Qur'an researcher, and a member of the Academy of Persian Language and Literature.
Alireza Abbassi Tabrizi was a prominent Iranian calligrapher and calligraphy teacher.
Ali Saleh Kahlah al-Marri (Arabic: علي صالح كحلة المري) (b. 1966/1967) is a citizen of Qatar who was sentenced to serve a 15-year sentence in a United States federal prison, with credit for the nearly eight years he was held in detention without charges.
Ali Shariati Mazinani (علی شریعتی مزینانی, 23 November 1933 – 18 June 1977) was an Iranian revolutionary and sociologist who focused on the sociology of religion.
Ali Tabatabai, also known as "Allamah Qadi" (1285–1366 AH; 1869–1947 CE), was an Iranian alim (Islamic scholar) and mystic.
Ali Illahism (علیاللّهی) is a name attributed to a syncretic religion which has been practiced in parts of Iranian Luristan, Pakistan, and India which combines elements of Shia Islam with older religions.
Alia Muhammad Baker (also spelled "Baqer") was the chief librarian in the Al Basrah Central Library, Basra, Iraq.
Aliaskhab Alibulatovich Kebekov (Алиасхаб Алибулатович Кебеков; 1 January 1972 – 19 April 2015), also known as Ali Abu Muhammad (Али Абу Мухаммад), was a Dagestani militant Islamist in Russia and the leader of the Caucasus Emirate following the death of inaugural leader Dokka Umarov.
The Alid revolt of 762–763 or Revolt of Muhammad the Pure Soul was an uprising by the Hasanid branch of the Alids against the newly established Abbasid Caliphate.
Alireza Ghorbani (علیرضا قربانی; born 4 February 1973) is an Iranian traditional vocalist.
The Aljafería Palace (Palacio de la Aljafería; قصر الجعفرية, tr. Qasr al-Jaʿfariya) is a fortified medieval Islamic palace built during the second half of the 11th century in the Taifa of Zaragoza of Al-Andalus, present day Zaragoza, Aragon, Spain.
Aljamea-tus-Saifiyah is an Islamic Arabic Academy first located in Surat, India.
Aljamiado (عَجَمِيَة trans. ''ʿajamiyah'') or Aljamía texts are manuscripts that use the Arabic script for transcribing European languages, especially Romance languages such as Mozarabic, Portuguese, Spanish or Ladino, and Bosnian with its Arebica script.
Allah (translit) is the Arabic word for God in Abrahamic religions.
The claim that Allah (the name of God in Islam) historically originates as a moon god worshipped in pre-Islamic Arabia is a fringe theory with origins in early 20th-century scholarship, but most prominently advocated by American evangelicals since the 1990s.
Allah Baksh Sarshar 'Uqaili was a Sufi poet from the Sindh province of Pakistan.
Allama Iqbal Open University (جامعہ علامہ اقبال) or AIOU is a public research university in Islamabad, Pakistan.
An allegiance is a duty of fidelity said to be owed, or freely committed, by the people, subjects or citizens to their state or sovereign.
The Almohad Caliphate (British English:, U.S. English:; ⵉⵎⵡⴻⵃⵃⴷⴻⵏ (Imweḥḥden), from Arabic الموحدون, "the monotheists" or "the unifiers") was a Moroccan Berber Muslim movement and empire founded in the 12th century.
The Almoravid dynasty (Imṛabḍen, ⵉⵎⵕⴰⴱⴹⴻⵏ; المرابطون, Al-Murābiṭūn) was an imperial Berber Muslim dynasty centered in Morocco.
Alpha (Α or α) and omega (Ω or ω) are the first and last letters of the Greek alphabet, and a title of Christ and God in the Book of Revelation.
Alpha Blondy (born Seydou Koné; 1 January 1953 in Dimbokro, Ivory Coast) is a reggae singer and international recording artist.
Alpha Lambda Mu (Alif Laam Meem in Arabic) is the first national Muslim fraternity in America.
Altaf Gauhar (17 March 1923 – 14 November 2000) was a civil servant, journalist, poet, and writer from Pakistan.
Altunizade Mosque (Altunizade Camii), also known as İsmail Zühtü Pasha Mosque (İsmail Zühtü Paşa Camii) is a 19th-century Ottoman mosque located in Istanbul, Turkey.
Alvin Tan Jye Yee (born) is a Malaysian blogger and pornographic film performer.
Alwi Shihab (علوي شهاب) is one of the leading authorities and scholars on the interaction of Christian and Muslim communities.
Cheikh Ahmadou Bamba (Aamadu Bamba Mbàkke, أحمد بن محمد بن حبيب الله Aḥmad ibn Muḥammad ibn Ḥabīb Allāh, 1850–1927) also known as Khādimu 'r-Rasūl (خادِم الرسول) or "The Servant of the Messenger" and Sëriñ Tuubaa or "Sheikh of Tuubaa", was a Sufi religious leader in Senegal and the founder of the large Mouride Brotherhood (the Muridiyya).
Amadou Hampâté Bâ (1900/1901 – 1991) was a Malian writer and ethnologist.
Amajur al-Turki (أماجور التركي) (also known as Majur, Anajur and Majura) was a Turkish military officer for the Abbasid Caliphate.
Amar Ouzegane (عمار أوزقان; March 7, 1910 in Algiers – March 5, 1981 in Algiers) was an Algerian politician.
Amasra Museum (Amasra Müzesi) is a museum in Amasra district of Bartın Province, northwestern Turkey.
Amasya Museum, also known as Archaeological Museum of Amasya (Amasya Müzesi or Amasya Arkeoloji Müzesi) is a national museum in Amasya, northern Turkey, exhibiting archaeological artifacts found in and around the city as well as ethnographic items related to the region's history of cultural life.
Ameer Muhammad Akram Awan (امیر محمد اکرم اعوان,; born 31 December 1934 in Noorpur Sethi, British India – died 7 December 2017 in Rawalpindi, Pakistan) was an Islamic scholar and spiritual leader of the Naqshbandia Owaisiah order of Sufism.
The word amen (Hebrew אָמֵן, Greek ἀμήν, Arabic آمِينَ) is a declaration of affirmation found in the Hebrew Bible and the New Testament.
ACLU of N.C. & Syidah Mateen v. State of North Carolina is a court case in the state of North Carolina within the United States of America.
American Dervish is a 2012 novel by Ayad Akhtar.
American Islamic Forum for Democracy (AIFD) is an American Muslim think tank formed in 2003 by a small group of Muslim professionals in Phoenix, Arizona.
Amin Ahsan Islahi (1904–1997) was an India born, Pakistani Muslim scholar, famous for his Urdu exegeses of Quran, Tadabbur-i-Qur’an—an exegesis that he based on Hamiduddin Farahi's (1863–1930) idea of thematic and structural coherence in the Qur'an.
Amina Wadud (born September 25, 1952) is an American Muslim woman with a progressive focus on Qur'an exegesis (interpretation of the holy text).
Amir ibn Abd al-Qays (d. ca. 661–680) was a tabi`i of Basra who died at Damascus, where he had become famous within the Muslim community for his austere and eloquent speeches.
Amir Qijmas al-Ishaqi Mosque or Abu Heriba Mosque is a historic mosque in Cairo.
Amjad Jauhari (امجد جوہری) known as Allama Amjad Jauhari (علامہ امجد جوہری), is an Islamic scholar, religious leader and public speaker from the Shia sect of Islam.
Ammar al-Hakim (سید عمار الحكيم) is an Iraqi cleric and politician who led the Islamic Supreme Council of Iraq, from 2009 to 2017.
Amna Suleiman (born 1988) is a teacher and advocate for women's cycling in Gaza.
In the Book of Exodus, Amram is the husband of Jochebed and father of Aaron, Moses and Miriam.
Sūrat an-Nabaʼ (سورة النبأ, “The Tidings”, “The Announcement”) is the seventy-eighth chapter (sura) of the Quran with 40 verses.
The Bees or Sūrat an-Naḥl ("The Bees") is the 16th sura of the Qur'an, with 128 ayat.
Sūrat an-Najm (سورة النجم, "The Star") is the 53rd sura of the Qur'an with 62 ayat.
Sūrat an-Naml (سورة النمل, "The Ant, The Ants") is the 27th sura of the Qur'an with 93 ayat.
An-Nasir Badr ad-Din Hasan ibn Muhammad ibn Qalawun (1334/35–17 March 1361), better known as an-Nasir Hasan, was the Mamluk sultan of Egypt, and the seventh son of an-Nasir Muhammad to hold office, reigning twice in 1347–1351 and 1354–1361.
Sūrat an-Naṣr (سورة النصر, "Divine Support") is the 110th surah of the Qur'an with 3 ayat.
Sūrat an-Nāziʻāt (سورة النازعات, “Those Who Pull Out”, in reference to “the angels who tear out the souls of the wicked”) is the seventy-ninth sura of the Qur'an with 46 ayat.
Sūrat An-Nās (سورة الناس, "Mankind") is the 114th and last sura, or chapter, of the Qur'an, the Muslim holy book.
Women or Sūrat an-Nisāʼ (سورة النساء) is the fourth chapter of the Quran, with 176 verses.
In the Qur'an, verse 34 of Surah an-Nisa (abbreviated as 4:34) concerns the issue of marital relations in Islam.
Sūrat an-Nūr (سورة النور, "The Light") is the 24th sura of the Qur'an with 64 ayat.
Anal sex or anal intercourse is generally the insertion and thrusting of the erect penis into a person's anus, or anus and rectum, for sexual pleasure.
Anan Ben David (c. 715 - c. 795) (ענן בן דוד) is widely considered to be a major founder of the Karaite movement of Judaism.
Anas ibn Nadhar (Arabic: ﺍﻧﺲ ﺑﻦ ﻧﻀﺮ) was one of the companions of the Islamic prophet Muhammad.
Anatolian rug is a term of convenience, commonly used today to denote rugs and carpets woven in Anatolia (or Asia minor) and its adjacent regions.
In the history of economic thought, ancient economic thought refers to the ideas from people before the Middle Ages.
Thirteen ancient Pre-Islamic towns have been discovered in Saudi Arabia up to the present day.
André Du Ryer (b. Marcigny, Bourgogne, c. 1580; d. 1660 or 1672) was a French orientalist who gave the third western translation of the Qur'an.
André Miquel at a seminar at the Institut du monde arabe in Paris. André Miquel (26 September 1929, Mèze, Hérault) is a French Arabist and historian, specialist of Arabic literature and Arabic language.
Andreas Acoluthus (16 March 1654 – 4 November 1704Jöcher, Christian Gottlieb, Allgemeines Gelehrten-Lexicon: darinne die Gelehrten aller Stände.. vom Anfange der Welt bis auf ietzige Zeit.. Nach ihrer Geburt, Leben,... Schrifften aus den glaubwürdigsten Scribenten in alphabetischer Ordnung beschrieben werden. Leipzig: Gleditsch, 1750-1751. - 4 Bde) was a German scholar of orientalism and professor of theology at Breslau (Wrocław).
Andrew Lawrence Rippin, (16 May 1950 in London, England – 29 November 2016) was a Canadian scholar of Islam.
The Anfal genocide was a genocide that killed between 50,000 and 182,000 Kurds.
An angel is generally a supernatural being found in various religions and mythologies.
Angela Dorothea Merkel (Kasner, born 17 July 1954) is a German politician serving as Chancellor of Germany since 2005 and leader of the centre-right Christian Democratic Union (CDU) since 2000.
Angelika Neuwirth (born in 1943) is a professor of Quranic studies from Freie University, Berlin, Germany.
Angels have appeared in works of art since early Christian art, and they have been a popular subject for Byzantine and European paintings and sculpture.
Angels in Iron is a historical novel by Nicholas C. Prata.
Aniconism is the absence of material representations of the natural and supernatural world in various cultures, particularly in the monotheistic Abrahamic religions.
Aniconism is a proscription in Islam against the creation of images of sentient beings.
Animal rights is the idea in which some, or all, non-human animals are entitled to the possession of their own lives and that their most basic interests—such as the need to avoid suffering—should be afforded the same consideration as similar interests of human beings.
Animal slaughter is the killing of animals, usually referring to killing domestic livestock.
In Islam, God has a relationship with animals: according to the Qur'an, they praise Him, even if this praise is not expressed in human language.
Anjuman-i-Himayat-i-Islam ("The Association for the Service of Islam") was founded in Lahore on 24 September 1884 in a mosque known as Masjid Bakan inside Mochi Gate, Lahore, by Khalifa Hameed-ud-Din.
The Annunciation (from Latin annuntiatio), also referred to as the Annunciation to the Blessed Virgin Mary, the Annunciation of Our Lady, or the Annunciation of the Lord, is the Christian celebration of the announcement by the angel Gabriel to the Virgin Mary that she would conceive and become the mother of Jesus, the Son of God, marking his Incarnation.
Anosy is one of the 22 regions of Madagascar in the southeast of the country.
Ansar al-Sharia in Libya (ASL, أنصار الشريعة بليبيا, English: Supporters of Islamic Law) was a Salafist Islamist militia group that advocated the implementation of strict Sharia law across Libya.
Ansar-ud-Deen Society of Nigeria is a Muslim organization established for the purpose of the educational development of Muslims and also as a body to enhance the moral and social development of the Muslim community in Lagos.
Ants are eusocial insects of the family Formicidae and, along with the related wasps and bees, belong to the order Hymenoptera.
Anthony Janszoon van Salee (1607–1676) was an original settler of and prominent landholder, merchant, and creditor in New Netherlands.
Anthony Neyrot (in Antonio Neyrot) (1425 in Rivoli, Piedmont – 10 April 1460) was an Italian Dominican priest, apostate, reconvert, and martyr.
Anti-Hindu sentiment is a negative perception or any sentiment against the practice and practitioners of Hinduism.
Anti-Judaism is the "total or partial opposition to Judaism—and to Jews as adherents of it—by persons who accept a competing system of beliefs and practices and consider certain genuine Judaic beliefs and practices as inferior." Anti-Judaism, as a rejection of a particular way of thinking about God, is distinct from antisemitism, which is more akin to a form of racism.
Anti-Turkism, also known as Turkophobia or anti-Turkish sentiment, is hostility, intolerance, or racism against Turkish or Turkic people, Turkish culture, Turkic countries, or Turkey itself.
Antinomianism (from the Greek: ἀντί, "against" + νόμος, "law"), is any view which rejects laws or legalism and is against moral, religious, or social norms (Latin: mores), or is at least considered to do so.
Antisemitism (also spelled anti-Semitism or anti-semitism) is hostility to, prejudice, or discrimination against Jews.
Antisemitism (also spelled anti-Semitism) – prejudice, hatred of, or discrimination against Jews for reasons connected to their Jewish heritage – has experienced a long history of expression since the days of ancient civilizations, with most of it having originated in the Christian and pre-Christian civilizations of Europe.
Antisemitism in Norway has a history, including the Holocaust in Norway.
Antoine Galland (4 April 1646 – 17 February 1715) was a French orientalist and archaeologist, most famous as the first European translator of One Thousand and One Nights which he called Les mille et une nuits.
Anwar al-Awlaki (also spelled al-Aulaqi, al-Awlaqi; أنور العولقي Anwar al-‘Awlaqī; April 21, 1971 – September 30, 2011) was a Yemeni-American Islamist militiant, preacher, and imam.
The Anwar Ibrahim sodomy trials are a source of considerable political controversy in Malaysia.
Sayyid Muḥammad Anwar Shāh ibn Mu‘az̤z̤am Shāh Kashmīrī (Sayyid Muḥammad Anwar Shāh ibn Mu‘aẓẓam Shāh al-Kashmīrī al-Hindī; November 16, 1875 – May 28, 1933) was a Kashmiri Islamic scholar from former British India.
Mohammad Anwar Shaikh (1 June 1928 – 25 November 2006; popularly known as Anwar Shaikh) was a Pakistani-born British author, who spent much of his adult life in the United Kingdom, dying in Cardiff, Wales.
Tafsir Anwar ul Bayan is a five volume commentary (exegesis) on the Quran that was written by Mufti Muhammad Ashiq Ilahi Muhajir Madani.
Apha Saidu Bangura is a Sierra Leonean social media political commentator and political analyst who is based in Maryland, in the United States.
Apna is a New Zealand radio and television network targeted towards ethnic minorities.
Apocalyptic and post-apocalyptic fiction is a subgenre of science fiction, science fantasy or horror in which the Earth's technological civilization is collapsing or has collapsed.
Apology of al-Kindy (also spelled al-Kindi) is a medieval theological polemic.
Apostasy (ἀποστασία apostasia, "a defection or revolt") is the formal disaffiliation from, or abandonment or renunciation of a religion by a person.
Apostasy in Islam (ردة or ارتداد) is commonly defined as the conscious abandonment of Islam by a Muslim in word or through deed.
An apostle, in its most literal sense, is an emissary, from Greek ἀπόστολος (apóstolos), literally "one who is sent off", from the verb ἀποστέλλειν (apostéllein), "to send off".
The apostrophe ( ' or) character is a punctuation mark, and sometimes a diacritical mark, in languages that use the Latin alphabet and some other alphabets.
Since the early Islamic states of the eighth and ninth centuries, Islamic law (known in Arabic as sharia) always existed alongside other normative systems.
An apsara, also spelled as apsaras by the Oxford Dictionary (respective plurals apsaras and apsarases), is a female spirit of the clouds and waters in Hindu culture.
Aqidah (ʿaqīdah, plural عقائد ʿaqāʾid, also rendered ʿaqīda, aqeeda etc.) is an Islamic term meaning "creed" p. 470.
The Aqsunqur Mosque (also known as the Blue Mosque or the Mosque of Ibrahim Agha) is located in Cairo, Egypt and is one of several "blue mosques" in the world.
Sūrat ar-Raʻd (سورة الرعد, "The Thunder") is the 13th sura of the Qur'an, composed of 43 verses.
Abu 'l-Abbas Muhammad ibn Ja'far al-Muqtadir (أبو العباس محمد بن جعفر المقتدر) (December 909 – 23 December 940), usually simply known by his regnal name al-Radi bi-llah (الراضي بالله, "Content with God"), was the 20th Abbasid Caliph, reigning (rather than ruling) in Baghdad from 934 to his death.
Sūrat ar-Raḥman (سورة الرحمن, "The Most Merciful") is the 55th sura of the Qur'an with 78 ayats.
Ar-Rahman Mosque (Arabic: جامع الرحمن) is a contemporary mosque in Aleppo, Syria, located on King Faisal Street.
Sūrat ar-Rūm (سورة الروم, "The Romans") is the 30th surah of the Quran.
The proper name Arab or Arabian (and cognates in other languages) has been used to translate several different but similar-sounding words in ancient and classical texts which do not necessarily have the same meaning or origin.
Arab culture is the culture of the Arabs, from the Atlantic Ocean in the west to the Arabian Sea in the east, and from the Mediterranean Sea.
The Arab European League (Dutch: Arabisch-Europese Liga, AEL) is a Pan-Arabist civil rights movement/organization in Belgium and the Netherlands.
Arab identity is the objective or subjective state of perceiving oneself as an Arab and as relating to being Arab.
"Arab Money" is a song by American hip hop recording artist Busta Rhymes, released as the lead single from his eighth studio album Back on My B.S. (2009).
The Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party – Iraq Region (حزب البعث العربي الاشتراكي في العراق Hizb Al-Baath Al-'Arabi Al-Ishtiraki fi Al-'Iraq), officially the Iraqi Regional Branch, is a regional branch of the Arab Ba'athist political party founded in 1951 by Fuad al-Rikabi.
Arab studies or Arabic studies is an academic discipline centered on the study of Arabs and Arab World.
Arabic weddings have changed greatly in the past 100 years.
The Arab–Israeli conflict refers to the political tension, military conflicts and disputes between a number of Arab countries and Israel.
The Arab–Khazar wars were a series of conflicts fought between the armies of the Khazar Khaganate and the Umayyad Caliphate (as well as its Abbasid successor) and their respective vassals.
The arabesque is a form of artistic decoration consisting of "surface decorations based on rhythmic linear patterns of scrolling and interlacing foliage, tendrils" or plain lines, often combined with other elements.
The Arabian Peninsula, simplified Arabia (شِبْهُ الْجَزِيرَةِ الْعَرَبِيَّة, ‘Arabian island’ or جَزِيرَةُ الْعَرَب, ‘Island of the Arabs’), is a peninsula of Western Asia situated northeast of Africa on the Arabian plate.
Arabic (العَرَبِيَّة) or (عَرَبِيّ) or) is a Central Semitic language that first emerged in Iron Age northwestern Arabia and is now the lingua franca of the Arab world. It is named after the Arabs, a term initially used to describe peoples living from Mesopotamia in the east to the Anti-Lebanon mountains in the west, in northwestern Arabia, and in the Sinai peninsula. Arabic is classified as a macrolanguage comprising 30 modern varieties, including its standard form, Modern Standard Arabic, which is derived from Classical Arabic. As the modern written language, Modern Standard Arabic is widely taught in schools and universities, and is used to varying degrees in workplaces, government, and the media. The two formal varieties are grouped together as Literary Arabic (fuṣḥā), which is the official language of 26 states and the liturgical language of Islam. Modern Standard Arabic largely follows the grammatical standards of Classical Arabic and uses much of the same vocabulary. However, it has discarded some grammatical constructions and vocabulary that no longer have any counterpart in the spoken varieties, and has adopted certain new constructions and vocabulary from the spoken varieties. Much of the new vocabulary is used to denote concepts that have arisen in the post-classical era, especially in modern times. During the Middle Ages, Literary Arabic was a major vehicle of culture in Europe, especially in science, mathematics and philosophy. As a result, many European languages have also borrowed many words from it. Arabic influence, mainly in vocabulary, is seen in European languages, mainly Spanish and to a lesser extent Portuguese, Valencian and Catalan, owing to both the proximity of Christian European and Muslim Arab civilizations and 800 years of Arabic culture and language in the Iberian Peninsula, referred to in Arabic as al-Andalus. Sicilian has about 500 Arabic words as result of Sicily being progressively conquered by Arabs from North Africa, from the mid 9th to mid 10th centuries. Many of these words relate to agriculture and related activities (Hull and Ruffino). Balkan languages, including Greek and Bulgarian, have also acquired a significant number of Arabic words through contact with Ottoman Turkish. Arabic has influenced many languages around the globe throughout its history. Some of the most influenced languages are Persian, Turkish, Spanish, Urdu, Kashmiri, Kurdish, Bosnian, Kazakh, Bengali, Hindi, Malay, Maldivian, Indonesian, Pashto, Punjabi, Tagalog, Sindhi, and Hausa, and some languages in parts of Africa. Conversely, Arabic has borrowed words from other languages, including Greek and Persian in medieval times, and contemporary European languages such as English and French in modern times. Classical Arabic is the liturgical language of 1.8 billion Muslims and Modern Standard Arabic is one of six official languages of the United Nations. All varieties of Arabic combined are spoken by perhaps as many as 422 million speakers (native and non-native) in the Arab world, making it the fifth most spoken language in the world. Arabic is written with the Arabic alphabet, which is an abjad script and is written from right to left, although the spoken varieties are sometimes written in ASCII Latin from left to right with no standardized orthography.
Arabic Afrikaans (Arabiese Afrikaans, اَرابيسي اَفريكانس) was a form of Afrikaans that was written in Arabic script.
The Arabic alphabet (الأَبْجَدِيَّة العَرَبِيَّة, or الحُرُوف العَرَبِيَّة) or Arabic abjad is the Arabic script as it is codified for writing Arabic.
The Arabic script has numerous diacritics, including i'jam -, consonant pointing and tashkil -, supplementary diacritics.
Arabic grammar (اَلنَّحْو اَلْعَرَبِي or قَوَاعِد اَللُّغَة اَلْعَرَبِيَّة) is the grammar of the Arabic language.
Arabic language schools are language schools specialized in teaching Arabic as a foreign language to speakers of other languages.
Arabic literature (الأدب العربي / ALA-LC: al-Adab al-‘Arabī) is the writing, both prose and poetry, produced by writers in the Arabic language.
Arabic names were historically based on a long naming system; most Arabs did not have given/middle/family names, but a full chain of names.
Arabic nouns and adjectives are declined according to case, state, gender and number.
Arabic poetry (الشعر العربي ash-shi‘ru al-‘Arabīyyu) is the earliest form of Arabic literature.
The Arabic script is the writing system used for writing Arabic and several other languages of Asia and Africa, such as Azerbaijani, Pashto, Persian, Kurdish, Lurish, Urdu, Mandinka, and others.
An Arabist is someone normally from outside the Arab world who specialises in the study of the Arabic language and culture (usually including Arabic literature).
Arabs (عَرَب ISO 233, Arabic pronunciation) are a population inhabiting the Arab world.
Arahmaiani (Arahmayani Feisal, born May 21, 1961) is an Indonesian artist born in Bandung and based in Yogyakarta, Central Java, Indonesia.
The Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army (အာရ်ကန်ရိုဟင်ဂျာ ကယ်တင်ရေးတပ်မတော်; abbreviated ARSA), also known by its former name Harakah al-Yaqin (meaning Faith Movement in English), is a Rohingya insurgent group active in northern Rakhine State, Myanmar.
The Arrakkal Museum is a museum dedicated to the Arakkal family, the only Muslim royal family in Kerala, India.
Aral-Paygambar (Uzbek: Payg'ambar Orol; Russian: Арал-Пайгамбар), which means the island of the prophet, is an island on the Amu Darya river which separates Uzbekistan and Afghanistan.
Aram (’Ărām) is a son of Shem, according to the Table of Nations in Genesis 10 of the Hebrew Bible, and the father of Uz, Hul, Gether and Mash or Meshech.
Nawab Arastu Yar Jung (10 June 1858 – 25 March 1940)(Arabic: نواب أرسطو يار جنك) was a Hyderabadi Surgeon.
An archangel is an angel of high rank.
Ardian Syaf is an Indonesian comic book artist.
The Arecaceae are a botanical family of perennial trees, climbers, shrubs, and acaules commonly known as palm trees (owing to historical usage, the family is alternatively called Palmae).
The argument from inconsistent revelations, also known as the avoiding the wrong hell problem, is an argument against the existence of God.
The argument from miracles is an argument for the existence of God that relies on the belief that events witnessed and described as miracles – i.e. as events not explicable by natural or scientific laws – indicate the intervention of the supernatural.
The Ark of the Covenant, also known as the Ark of the Testimony, is a gold-covered wooden chest with lid cover described in the Book of Exodus as containing the two stone tablets of the Ten Commandments.
Arn – The Knight Templar (Arn - Tempelriddaren) is an epic film based on Jan Guillou's trilogy about the fictional Swedish Knight Templar Arn Magnusson.
Arnoud van Doorn (born 18 March 1966, The Hague) is a former politician from the right wing anti-islamic Dutch Freedom Party (PVV) of Geert Wilders.
Aroj Ali Matubbar (আরজ আলী মাতুব্বর; 17 December 190015 March 1985) was a self-taught philosopher and rationalist from Bangladesh.
Sheikh Mas Mohammad Arsyad Thawil al-Bantani (1851 – March 19, 1934) better known as Sheikh Arsyad Thawil was an ulama (Islamic scholar) and Indonesian hero who also fought on the Cilegon War from 9 to 30 July 1888 with Ki Wasyid, Tubagus Ismail, and others.
The culture of Tunisia is thousands of years old, but the 2011 Tunisian revolution brought about important changes to the way art and politics interact in Tunisia.
Arthur Jeffery (18 October 1892 in Melbourne – 2 August 1959 in South Milford, Nova Scotia, Canada) was a Protestant Australian professor of Semitic languages from 1921 at the School of Oriental Studies in Cairo, and from 1938 until his death jointly at Columbia University and Union Theological Seminary in New York City.
Arthur John Arberry (12 May 1905 in Portsmouth – 2 October 1969 in Cambridge) FBA was a respected British orientalist.
Arthur Probsthain is an independent bookstore based in London.
Article 15 of the Constitution of the Republic of Singapore guarantees freedom of religion in Singapore.
The arts of Iran are one of the richest art heritages in world history and encompasses many traditional disciplines including architecture, painting, literature, music, weaving, pottery, calligraphy, metalworking and stonemasonry.
Arwa bint Asma (أروى بنت أحمد بن محمد بن جعفر بن موسى الصليحي الإسماعيلية Arwa bint Asma Muḥammad ibn Jaʿfar ibn Mūsá ṣ-Ṣulayḥī al-Ismā'īliyyah, c. 1048–1138, died 22nd Shaban, 532 AH) was the long-reigning ruler of Yemen, firstly as the co-ruler of her first two husbands and then as sole ruler, from 1067 until her death in 1138.
ARY QTV (ARY قرآن) is a Pakistani television channel with a Sunni Islam religious focus, producing programs mainly focusing on the Ahle Sunnat Wa Jama'at school.
Arya Samaj (Sanskrit: आर्य समाज "Noble Society" Hindi: आर्य समाज, Bengali: আর্য সমাজ, Punjabi: ਆਰੀਆ ਸਮਾਜ, Gujarati: આર્ય સમાજ) is an Indian Hindu reform movement that promotes values and practices based on the belief in the infallible authority of the Vedas.
Arystan Bab Mausoleum (Kazakh: АРЫСТАН БАБ МАЗАРЫ) is a mausoleum in Kazakhstan close to the village of Kogam and Otrartobe.
Sūrat aṣ-Ṣāffāt (سورة الصافات, "Ranged in Row, The Rangers") is the 37th sura of the Qur'an with 182 ayat or verses believed to be revealed in Mecca.
Sūrat aṣ-Ṣaff (سورة الصف, "The Ranks, Battle Array") is the 61st chapter (sura) of the Quran with 14 verses.
Sūrat as-Sajdah (سورة السجدة, "The Prostration") is the 32nd chapter (sura) of the Quran with 30 verses.
The national anthem of Jordan is known in Arabic as as-Salām al-Malakī al-ʾUrdunī (السلام الملكي الأردني) meaning The Royal Anthem of Jordan.
Asad Muhammad Saeed as-Sagharji (أسعد محمد سعيد الصاغرجي) was Syrian Islamic scholar specializing in the field of Hanafi Fiqh, living in Damascus, Syria.
Asas al-Balaghah ("The Foundation of Eloquence") is a thesaurus and dictionary of figurative speech by Al-Zamakhshari.
Asbāb al-nuzūl (أسباب النزول), meaning occasions or circumstances of revelation, refers to the historical context in which Quranic verses were revealed.
Asghar Ali Engineer (10 March 1939 – 14 May 2013) was an Indian reformist-writer and social activist.
Ash Shakur is one of the names of Allah.
Sūrat ash-Shams (الشمس, "The Sun") is the 91st sura of the Qur'an with 15 ayat.
Sūrat ash-Shuʻarāʼ (سورة الشعراء, "The Poets") is the 26th sura of the Qurʾan with 227 ayat.
Sūrat ash-Shūrā (سورة الشورى, "Council, Consultation") is the 42nd sura of the Qur'an with 53 ayat.
Ashab al-Suffa, is a general name for young, unmarried and poor citizens who dwelled in Suffas, which were established by the Islamic prophet Muhammad next to Al-Masjid an-Nabawi.
Ashʿarism or Ashʿari theology (الأشعرية al-ʾAšʿarīyya or الأشاعرة al-ʾAšāʿira) is the foremost theological school of Sunni Islam which established an orthodox dogmatic guideline based on clerical authority, founded by Abu al-Hasan al-Ashʿari (d. AD 936 / AH 324).
Ashfaqulla Khan (22 October 1900 – 19 December 1927) was a freedom fighter in Indian independence movement.
Dr Ashraf Choudhary,, (born 15 February 1949) is a Pakistani-New Zealand scientist in agricultural engineering and formerly a member of the Parliament in New Zealand.
Ashura (عاشوراء, colloquially:; عاشورا; عاشورا; Azerbaijani and Turkish: Aşura Günü or Day of Remembrance), and in Jamaica and Trinidad and Tobago 'Hussay' or Hosay, is the tenth day of Muharram in the Islamic calendar.
The Ashurkhana Sayyid Jamshed Ali Khan, also known as the Lohe Ki Kamaan, is an ashurkhana in Hyderabad in Andhra Pradesh, India.
Asia is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern and Northern Hemispheres.
The Asiatic lion (Panthera leo leo) is a lion population in Gujarat, India.
Asif (also spelled Assif or Assef, اصف) is an Arabic masculine given name (used as well as in India, Pakistan and Bangladesh) meaning "forgiveness".
Asif bin Barkhiyā (آصف بن برخيا) is thought to be the Islamic scriptural figure who brought Queen of Sheba's throne to King Solomon "...in the twinkling of an eye".
Asif Mohiuddin (born 24 February 1984) is a Bangladeshi ex-Muslim atheist and secular activist, religious critic and feminist.
Asiya (Arabic: آسيا), sometimes called Asiya bint Muzahim, is revered by Muslims as one of the four greatest women of all time, the other three being Mary (mother of Jesus), Khadija (wife of Muhammad) and Fatimah (daughter of Muhammad).
Aslam Jairajpuri (Urdu:علامہ اسلم جیراجپوری) was a scholar of Qur'an, Hadith, and Islamic history who is best known for his books Talimat-e-Qur'an and "History of Qur'an.
Asma Afsaruddin is a Professor in the Department of Near Eastern Languages and Cultures at Indiana University in Bloomington.
Asma Barlas (born 1950), is a Pakistani-American writer and academic.
Asmodeus (Ασμοδαίος, Asmodaios) or Ashmedai (אַשְמְדּאָי, ʾAšmədʾāy; see below for other variations) is a king of demons"Asmodeus" in The New Encyclopædia Britannica.
The Asr prayer (صلاة العصر, "afternoon prayer") is the afternoon daily prayer recited by practicing Muslims.
Assadissa (The Sixth), is the first Moroccan television channel to be dedicated to religious affairs.
Mahatma Gandhi was assassinated on 30 January 1948 in the compound of Birla House (now Gandhi Smriti), a large mansion in central New Delhi.
Order of Assassins or simply Assassins (أساسين asāsīn, حشاشین Hashâshīn) is the common name used to refer to an Islamic sect formally known as the Nizari Ismailis.
The Assyrian independence movement is a movement guided by the Assyrian people for independence in the Assyrian homeland, notably in Northern Iraq.
Astan Bandar is an annual religious local marsiya khani Majlis organised by the local villagers at the shrine of Aga Syed Mohammad Baqir Kirmani at Wahabpora every year in the month of August or September.
The astral plane, also called the astral world, is a plane of existence postulated by classical (particularly neo-Platonic), medieval, oriental, and esoteric philosophies and mystery religions.
Astrolatry is the worship of stars and other heavenly bodies as deities, or the association of deities with heavenly bodies.
At Tawwaab is one of the Names of Allah.
Sūrat at-Taghābun (سورة التغابن, "Loss, Deprivation") is the 64th sura of the Quran with 18 verses.
Sūrat at-Taḥrīm (سورة التحريم, "Banning, Prohibition") is the 66th sura of the Quran and contains 12 verses.
Sūrat at-Takāthur (سورة التكاثر, "Rivalry, Competition") is the 102nd sura of the Qur'an with 8 ayat.
Sūrat at-Takwīr (سورة التكوير, “The Overthrowing”, literally “The Turning Into a Sphere”) is the eighty-first sura of the Qur'an with 29 ayat.
Sūrat aṭ-Talāq (سورة الطلاق, "Divorce") is the 65th sura of the Qur'an with 12 ayat.
Sūrat aṭ-Ṭāriq (الطارق, “The Piercing Star”, “The Nightcomer”, literally “The Knocker”) is the eighty-sixth sura of the Qur'an with 17 ayat.
Verse 29 of Sura 9 of the Qur'an is notable as dealing with the imposition of tribute (ǧizya) on non-Muslims who have fallen under Muslim rule (the ahl al-ḏimma).
Sūrat at-Tīn (التين, "The Fig, The Figtree") is the ninety-fifth sura of the Qur'an with 8 ayat.
Sūrat aṭ-Ṭūr (سورة الطور, "The Mount") is the 52nd sura of the Qur'an with 49 ayat.
Hazrat Ata Hussain Fani (1816–1893), also known as Ata Hussain Gayavi or Haji Ata Hussain Chishti Monami Abulolai, was a famous Sufi saint of the chisti order in South Asia.
Ayatollah Ata'ollah Ashrafi Esfahani (آیتالله عطاءالله اشرفی اصفهانی., 1902–1982) was an Iranian religious leader.
Seyyed Ata'ollah Mohajerani (سید عطاءالله مهاجرانی, born 24 July 1954 in Arak, Iran) is an Iranian historian, journalist, author and reformist politician.
Atatürk's Reforms (Atatürk Devrimleri) were a series of political, legal, religious, cultural, social, and economic policy changes that were designed to convert the new Republic of Turkey into a secular, modern nation-state and implemented under the leadership of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk in accordance with Kemalist ideology.
Atel Mohammed is a village in the southern Kandahar province of Afghanistan.
Atheism is, in the broadest sense, the absence of belief in the existence of deities.
Some movements or sects within traditionally monotheistic or polytheistic religions recognize that it is possible to practice religious faith, spirituality and adherence to tenets without a belief in deities.
Atiqa Bano (1940 – 4 October 2017) was an Indian educationist and activist for the artistic and cultural heritage of Kashmir.
Atiyya ibn Sād ibn Junada (عطية بن سعد بن جنادة) belonged to the Judaila family of the tribe known as Qays and his patronymic appellation was Abdul Hasan according to al-Tabari. Some accounts suggest Atiyya's mother was a Roman slavegirl.
Atlantis of the Sands is the fictional name of a legendary lost city in the southern Arabian sands, claimed to have been destroyed by a natural disaster or as a punishment by God.
Atropa baetica is one of Europe's rarest wildflowers.
This is a list of deliberate attacks on the infrastructure, staff or passengers of the London Underground that have caused considerable damage, injury or death.
August 2017 Brussels attack occurred near the Grand Place in Brussels on 25 August 2017, when two soldiers were injured by an assailant wielding a knife.
AutoAdmit, also known as Xoxohth, is a website for prospective and current law students and lawyers.
Avicenna (also Ibn Sīnā or Abu Ali Sina; ابن سینا; – June 1037) was a Persian polymath who is regarded as one of the most significant physicians, astronomers, thinkers and writers of the Islamic Golden Age.
Awail al Maqalat fi Madhahab al Mukhtarah or Principal theses of selected doctrines (اوائل المقالات), is a Shia doctrinal, theological book written by Shaykh Mufid.
"Awaiting on You All" is a song by English musician George Harrison, released on his 1970 triple album, All Things Must Pass.
Awan (اعوان) is a tribe living predominantly in northern, central, and western parts of Pakistani Punjab, with significant numbers also residing in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Azad Kashmir and to a lesser extent in Sindh and Balochistan.
Awdal (Awdal) is an administrative region in Somaliland.
The Awdiinle Massacre was a massacre of over thirty Somali civilians carried out by Ethiopian soldiers in Somalia as part of the African Union Mission to Somalia on Sunday July 17, 2016.
Awn al-Din Abu'l-Muzzafar Yahya ibn Hubayra al-Shaybani al-Duri al-Baghdadi (1105-1165), commonly referred to as Ibn Hubayra, was a 12th-century Iraqi Arab official and jurist, who served for sixteen years as vizier of the Abbasid Caliphate under al-Muqtafi and his successor al-Mustanjid.
Alhaji Mohammed Awwal Ibrahim is a Nigerian traditional ruler who served as governor of Niger State from October 1979 to December 1983 during the Nigerian Second Republic.
Ayaan Hirsi Ali (born Ayaan Hirsi Magan, 13 November 1969) is a Somali-born Dutch-American activist, feminist, author, scholar and former politician.
In the Islamic Quran, an Āyah (آية; plural: āyāt آيات) is a "verse".
Ayat al-Akhras (February 20, 1985 -March 29, 2002) was the third and youngest Palestinian female suicide bomber who, at age 18 (some sources report her age to be as young as 16), killed herself and two Israeli civilians on March 29, 2002 by detonating explosives belted to her body.
Ayat-Ayat Cinta (Verses of Love) is an Indonesian drama film from MD Pictures, Producer Manoj Punjabi and Dhamoo Punjabi.
Ayatullah (or; āyatullāh from llāh "Sign of God") is a high-ranking title given to Usuli Twelver Shī‘ah clerics.
Ayatollah Seyyed Haj Muhammad-Hassan Jazayeri was from Khuzestan and he was a direct descendant of the Islamic prophet, Muhammad and was a descendant of Seyyed Nama'tolla Jazayeri who started the name Jazayeri 1640 (D.1700).
Ayesha Imam is a Nigerian born human rights activist.
Ayoub (أيوب, "Job") is a masculine given name in Arabic.
Ayyám-i-Há refers to a period of intercalary days in the Bahá'í calendar, when Bahá'ís celebrate the Festival of Ayyám-i-Há.
Sūrat az-Zalzalah (سورة الزلزلة, "The Quake") is the 99th sura of the Qur'an, composed of 8 verses.
Sūrat az-Zukhruf (سورة الزخرف, "Ornaments of Gold, Luxury") is the 43rd sura, or chapter, of the Qur'an, the central religious text of Islam.
Sūrat az-Zumar (سورة الزمر, "The Troops, The Throngs") is the 39th sura, or chapter, of the Qur'an, the central religious text of Islam.
The Azadi Tower (برج آزادی,; "Freedom Tower"), formerly known as the Shahyad Tower (برج شهیاد,; "Shah's Memorial Tower"), is a monument located at Azadi Square, in Tehran, Iran.
Azazel (ʿAzazel; ʿAzāzīl) appears in the Bible in association with the scapegoat rite.
The Azerbaijan State Museum of History and Religion is located in Baku, Azerbaijan, which highlights religious views of primitive people who lived in ancient times.
The Azerbaijani alphabet (Azərbaycan əlifbası) of the Republic of Azerbaijan is a Latin-script alphabet used for writing the Azerbaijani language.
Azerbaijani literature (Azərbaycan ədəbiyyatı) refers to the literature written in Azerbaijani, a Turkic language, which currently is the official state language of the Republic of Azerbaijan and is the first-language of most people in Iranian Azerbaijan.
Muhammad Azim ud-Din I (مُحَمَّدعلیم الدین, Jawi:محمدعلیم الدیند also Muhammad Alimuddin; Christian Name: Don Fernando de Alimuddin) was Sultan of Sulu from 1735 to 1748, and again from 1764 until his abdication in 1774.
Aziz (عزيز) was originally a Northwest Semitic Phoenician-Aramaic-Hebrew-Arabic word, but is now much more commonly (but not exclusively) known as a Central Semitic Arabic male name.
Aziza Ali is a Singaporean former chef, food consultant, businessperson, artist, jeweller, and author.
Azrael (עזראל) is an angel in the Abrahamic religions.
(ح س ن) is the triconsonantal root of many Arabic words.
The Arabic word found as ḥuzn and ḥazan in the Qur'an and hüzün in modern Turkish refers to the pain and sorrow over a loss, death of relatives in the case of the Qur'an.
ūbā (lit) is a term often associated with a tree that some Muslims believe grows in Al-Jannah (ٱلْـجَـنَّـة, the Islamic Heaven).
Ẓāhirī (ظاهري) madhhab or al-Ẓāhirīyyah (الظاهرية) is a school of thought in Islamic jurisprudence founded by Dawud al-Zahiri in the 9th century CE, characterised by reliance on the manifest (zahir) meaning of expressions in the Qur'an and hadith, as well as rejection of analogical deduction (qiyas).
According to Islamic tradition, Ad (also called Aad) is the great-grandson of Shem, son of Noah (Arabic: sam ibn Nuh سام بن نوح) who came from the northeast and was the progenitor of the Adites.
Åke Joel Ohlmarks (3 June 1911 – 6 June 1984) was a Swedish author, translator and scholar of religion.
The Çelebi Sultan Mehmed Mosque (Çelebi Sultan Mehmed Camii; Τέμενος Μεχμέτ Α'), also known as the Bayezid Mosque (Τέμενος Βαγιαζήτ) and the Great Mosque (Büyük Camii or Ulu Camii), is an early 15th-century Ottoman mosque in Didymoteicho, East Macedonia and Thrace, in the far northeast of Greece.
Ğabdulla Tuqay (-) was a Tatar poet, a classic of the Tatar literature, a critic and a publisher.
İbrahim Şen (born 1 October 1980) is a citizen of Turkey who was held in extrajudicial detention in the United States's Guantanamo Bay detention camps, in Cuba.
İhsan Özkes (born 1 August 1957, Çorum), Turkish politician, and cleric.
İskender Pasha Mosque (İskender Paşa Cami), a.k.a. Terkim Masjid (Terkim Mescidi) is a historic mosque located in Fatih district in Istanbul, Turkey. Located on Sarıgüzel Street in İskenderpaşa neighborhood of Fatih, it was endowed in 1505–06 by İskender Pasha, who lived at the time of Mehmed the Conqueror (1432–1481) and served as a vizier of Bayezid II (reigned 1481–1512). A native of Çakallı village of Vize, İskender Pasha died in 1507, so it is assumed that the mosque was built at the end of the 15th century or in the beginning of the 16th century. The mosque takes its other name "Terkim Masjid" from the Janissary barracks situated in the vicinity in the past. The mosque was repaired and restored in the years 1756, 1887, 1945 and 1956. In 1989, a two-story annex of was added to enlarge the prayer room. The 1999 İzmit earthquake, caused the spire of the minaret fell onto the main dome and caused considerable damage. The mosque underwent major repair and restoration works in 2006.
İsmet Özel (born 19 September 1944 in Kayseri) is a Turkish poet and scholar.
The Şehzade Mosque (Şehzade Camii, from the original Persian شاهزاده Šāhzādeh, meaning "prince") is a 16th-century Ottoman imperial mosque located in the district of Fatih, on the third hill of Istanbul, Turkey.
Shin-Lamedh-Mem is the triconsonantal root of many Semitic words, and many of those words are used as names.
Mufti Šefko Effendi Omerbašić (born 9 June 1945) is a Bosniak imam and former president of the Islamic Community in Croatia and Slovenia.
Benjamin Breckinridge Warfield (November 5, 1851 – February 16, 1921) was professor of theology at Princeton Seminary from 1887 to 1921.
The Ba'Alawi tariqa (طريقة آل باعلوي), also known as the Tariqa Alawiyya is a Sufi order centered in Hadhramawt, Yemen, but now spread across the Indian Ocean rim along with the Hadhrami diaspora.
Baal,Oxford English Dictionary (1885), "" properly Baʿal, was a title and honorific meaning "lord" in the Northwest Semitic languages spoken in the Levant during antiquity. From its use among people, it came to be applied to gods. Scholars previously associated the theonym with solar cults and with a variety of unrelated patron deities, but inscriptions have shown that the name Baʿal was particularly associated with the storm and fertility god Hadad and his local manifestations. The Hebrew Bible, compiled and curated over a span of centuries, includes early use of the term in reference to God (known to them as Yahweh), generic use in reference to various Levantine deities, and finally pointed application towards Hadad, who was decried as a false god. That use was taken over into Christianity and Islam, sometimes under the opprobrious form Beelzebub in demonology.
Bab Agnaou (Arabic: باب اكناو; Berber: Bab Agnaw or Tawurt n Wegnaw) is one of the nineteen gates of Marrakesh, Morocco.
Bab Ksiba (باب القصيبة) is one of the nineteen gates of Marrakech, Morocco.
Baba Dioum (born 15 October 1937) is a Senegalese forestry engineer.
Babareshi is the name of a village, forest area, tourist and religious place in Jammu and Kashmir, India.
Bacha bāzī (بچه بازی, literally "being into kids"; from بچه bacheh, "child", and بازی bāzī, (particularly) the state of being attracted into something) is a slang term in Afghanistan for a wide variety of activities involving sexual relations between older men and younger adolescent men, or boys.
Bachtiar Nasir is an Indonesian Islamist da'i and ulama.
Backbiting, backstabbing, or tale-bearing is to slander someone in their absence — to bite them behind their back.
Badā' (meaning: "revealing after concealing", or "alteration in the divine will") is a Shia Islamic concept regarding God.
Muhammad Sulayman al-Ahmad (1903– August 19, 1981) (محمد سليمان الأحمد), better known by his pen name Badawi al-Jabal (بدوي الجبل), was a Syrian poet known for his work in the neo-classical Arabic form.
The Badawiyyah, Sufi tarika, was founded in the thirteenth century in Egypt by Ahmad al-Badawi (1199-1276).
Abū Abdullāh Badr ad-Dīn Mohammed bin Abdullah bin Bahādir az-Zarkashī (1344–1392/ 745–794 AH), better known as Az-Zarkashī, was a fourteenth century Islamic scholar.
Baetylus (also Baetyl, Bethel, or Betyl, from Semitic bet el "house of god") is a word denoting sacred stones that were supposedly endowed with life.
Baghdad (بغداد) is the capital of Iraq.
Bahā' ad-Dīn Yusuf ibn Rafi ibn Shaddād (بهاء الدين ابن شداد; the honorific title "Bahā' ad-Dīn" means "splendor of the faith"; sometimes known as Bohadin or Boha-Eddyn) (5 March 1145 – 8 November 1234) was a 12th-century Muslim jurist and scholar, a Kurdish historian of great note, notable for writing a biography of Saladin whom he knew well.
The location of the grave of Bahadur Shah Zafar (or Mirza Abu Zafar Sirajuddin Muhammad Bahadur Shah Zafar), the last Mughal emperor, at Rangoon in Burma (now Yangon, Myanmar) is in dispute.
Bahamut, Bahamoot (بهموت Bahamūt, from Hebrew בְּהֵמוֹת "Behemoth") is a gigantic fish (or whale) that lies deep below, underpinning the support structure that holds up the earth, according to Zakariya al-Qazwini.
The Bahá'í calendar, also called the Badíʿ calendar (Badíʿ means wondrous or unique), is a solar calendar with years composed of 19 months of 19 days each (361 days) plus an extra period of "Intercalary Days".
The Bahá'í Faith in Bahrain begins with a precursor movement, the Shaykhís coming out of Bahrain into Iran.
Bahira (بحيرى, ܒܚܝܪܐ), or Sergius the Monk to the Latin West, was an Assyrian or Arab Arian, Nestorian or possibly Gnostic Nasorean monk who, according to Islamic tradition, foretold to the adolescent Muhammad his future as a prophet.
Bahishti Zewar (بہشتی زیور Heavenly Ornaments) is a volume of Islamic beliefs and practices written by Mawlānā Ashraf Ali Thanvi.
Bahrain (البحرين), officially the Kingdom of Bahrain (مملكة البحرين), is an Arab constitutional monarchy in the Persian Gulf.
The administrative reforms of the 1920s were a series of British-led reforms that have laid the foundations of modern Bahrain.
The Bahrain National Museum (متحف البحرين الوطني, also referred to as National Museum of Bahrain) is the largest and one of the oldest public museums in Bahrain.
The Baharna (بحراني ، بحارنة) are a Shia Muslim ethnoreligious group who mainly inhabit the historical region of Eastern Arabia.
Bahriye Üçok (1919 – October 6, 1990) was a Turkish academic of theology, left-wing politician, writer, columnist, and women's rights activist whose assassination in 1990 remains unresolved.
Bai Chongxi (18 March 1893 – 1 December 1966;;, Xiao'erjing: ﺑَﻰْ ﭼْﻮ ثِ) was a Chinese general in the National Revolutionary Army of the Republic of China (ROC) and a prominent Chinese Nationalist leader.
Bait al Hikmat (بیت الحکمہ) is the main library at Hamdard University, Karachi, Pakistan.
The Baitul Futuh Mosque (English: House of Victories), also known as the Morden Mosque, is a mosque complex in Morden, London.
Baitun Nur (also spelled Baitunnur or Baitun Noor) (Arabic for "House of Light") is a mosque of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community in the Castleridge community of Calgary, Alberta.
Baituraza (also written as Bait-ur-Raza, Baitulraza, Bait-ul-Raza, بیت الرضا) is the shrine of sufi Muslim saint Syed Hakim Ali Shah known in public circles as Aburaza (Abu-ur-Raza).
Baji Rao (18 August 1700 – 28 April 1740) was a general of the Maratha Empire in India.
The Bajrakli Mosque (/ Bajrakli džamija; named in Turkish as Bayraklı, bayrak is Turkish for "flag" and Bayraklı means "with flag") is a mosque in Belgrade, the capital of Serbia.
Bakkah (بكة), according to the Sunni and Shi'a scholars, is an ancient name for Mecca, the most holy city of Islam.
Baku Museum of Miniature Books-is the only museum of miniature books in the world, settled in the old part of Baku, called Inner City.
Balaam /ˈbeɪlæm/ (Standard Bilʻam Tiberian Bileʻām) is a diviner in the Torah, his story begins in Chapter 22 in the Book of Numbers.
Balkh (Pashto and بلخ; Ancient Greek and Βάχλο Bakhlo) is a town in the Balkh Province of Afghanistan, about northwest of the provincial capital, Mazar-e Sharif, and some south of the Amu Darya river and the Uzbekistan border.
The baltacı or baltadji (plural baltacılar, "axemen") corps was a class of palace guards in the Ottoman Empire from the 15th to the early 19th centuries.
Balthasar's Odyssey (Le Périple de Baldassare) is a 2000 novel by Amin Maalouf set in 17th century Europe and the Levant.
Balut (spelled standardized as balot) is a developing bird embryo (usually a duck) that is boiled and eaten from the shell.
Bangladesh Khilafat Andolan (Bangladesh Caliphate Movement) is an Islamist political party in Bangladesh, founded by Hafezzi Huzur after the 1981 presidential elections.
Bangladeshi Americans (Bengali: বাংলাদেশী মার্কিনী) are Americans of Bangladeshi descent.
Bani Malik (بني مالك) or Banu Malik (بنو مالك) (The Sons of Malik) is one of the major Arab tribes of the Arabian Peninsula.
Bani Zeid (بني زيد) is a Palestinian town in the Ramallah and al-Bireh Governorate in the north-central West Bank, located northwest of Ramallah, about 45 kilometers northwest of Jerusalem and about southwest of Salfit.
Bank Melli Iran (BMI; lit) is the first national and commercial retail bank of Iran.
The Banu Abbas (بنو عباس) are an Arabian tribe, descendants of Al-‘Abbas ibn ‘Abd al-Muttalib.
The Banū Khuza’ah (Arabic بنو خزاعة singular خزاعيّ Khuzā’ī) is the name of an Azdite, Qaḥṭānite tribe (some say Muḑarite ‘Adnānite), which is one of the main ancestral tribes of the Arabian Peninsula.
The Banu Qaynuqa (بنو قينقاع; בני קינקאע; also spelled Banu Kainuka, Banu Kaynuka, Banu Qainuqa, Banu Qaynuqa) was one of the three main Jewish tribes living in the 7th century of Medina, now in Saudi Arabia.
Bara Gumbad (literally "big dome") is an ancient monument located in Lodhi Gardens in Delhi, India.
Allegations that Barack Obama secretly practices Islam, or that he is the antichrist of Christian eschatology, have been suggested since he campaigned for the U.S. Senate in 2004 and proliferated after his election as President of the U.S. in 2008.
al-Barāhīn al-Ahmadīyyah 'alā Haqīqatu KitābAllāh al-Qur'ān wa'n-Nabūwwatu al-Muhammadīyyah (Arguments in Support of the Book of Allah - the Qur'an, and the Prophethood of Muhammad) is a five-part book written by Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, the founder of the Ahmadiyya Islamic Movement.
In Islam, Barakah or Baraka (بركة) is a kind of continuity of spiritual presence and revelation that begins with God and flows through that and those closest to God.
Barakat Ahmad (died 1988) was a scholar and Indian diplomat.
Barsisa, (“the man of priestly regalia”, from Aramaic bar, "son", and ṣīṣa, "gold plate", referring specifically to the high priest’s breastplate) in Islamic mythology, is an ascetic who succumbed to the devil’s temptations and denied God.
Barelvi (بَریلوِی) is a movement following the Sunni Hanafi school of jurisprudence, with over 200 million followers in South Asia.
The Barghawatas (also Barghwata or Berghouata) were a group of Berber tribes on the Atlantic coast of Morocco, belonging to the Masmuda confederacy.
Bartholomew of Edessa was a Syrian Christian apologist, and polemical writer.
Baruch Spinoza (born Benedito de Espinosa,; 24 November 1632 – 21 February 1677, later Benedict de Spinoza) was a Dutch philosopher of Sephardi/Portuguese origin.
Barzakh (Arabic: برزخ, from Persian barzakh, "barrier, partition") is an Arabic word meaning "obstacle", "hindrance", "separation", or "barrier".
Bashir Shihab II (also spelt "Bachir Chehab II"; 2 January 1767–1850.) was a Lebanese emir who ruled Lebanon in the first half of the 19th century.
The Basic Law of Saudi Arabia (alternative name: Basic System of Governance; Arabic: النظام الأساسي للحكم) is a constitution-like charter divided into nine chapters, consisting of 83 articles.
The Basic Principles Committee (BPC) was a specialised committee set up on March 1949 by Khawaja Nazimuddin on the advice of prime minister Liaquat Ali Khan.
The Basmachi movement (Басмачество, Basmachestvo) or Basmachi Revolt was an uprising against Russian Imperial and Soviet rule by the Muslim peoples of Central Asia.
The Basmala (بسملة), also known by its incipit Bismillah (بسم الله, "In the name of God"), is the name of the Islamic phrase بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمٰنِ الرَّحِيْمِ "In the name of God, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful".
Basque civil law is the civil law partially applicable in the Spanish part of the Basque Country.
Bassam Tahhan is a Syrian-born French professor of Arabic literature and expert on the Quran.
Basim Karbalaei) (born in 1966) (alternatively, Basim Al-Karbalai) is a Shia eulogy (latmiyah) reciter.Al-Adeeb, Dena. From Sacred Ritual to Installation Art: A Personal Testimony, in Ghazoul, Ferial J. (ed.) (No.
Basuki Tjahaja Purnama (born 29 June 1966) is an Indonesian politician and former governor of Jakarta.
Bāṭin (باطن) literally means "inner", "inward", "hidden", etc.
The Battle of Antioch took place in 613 outside Antioch, Syria between a Byzantine army led by Heraclius and a Persian Sassanid army under Shahin and Shahrbaraz as part of the Byzantine–Sassanid War of 602–628.
The Battle of Badr (غزوة بدر), fought on Tuesday, 13 March 624 CE (17 Ramadan, 2 AH in the Islamic calendar) in the Hejaz region of western Arabia (present-day Saudi Arabia), was a key battle in the early days of Islam and a turning point in Muhammad's struggle with his opponents among the Quraish in Mecca.
The Battle of Bagdoura (or Baqdura) was a decisive confrontation in the Berber Revolt in late 741 CE.
The Battle of Fandane-Thiouthioune (or Thiouthiogne), also known as the Battle of Somb or the Battle of Somb-Tioutioune, occurred on 18 July 1867.
The Battle of Hunayn (غَـزوة حُـنـيـن, Ghazwat Hunayn) was fought by the Islamic Prophet Muhammad and his followers against the Bedouin tribe of Hawazin and its subsection the Thaqif, in 630 CE, in the Hunayn valley, on the route from Mecca to At-Ta’if.
The Battle of Marawi (Labanan sa Marawi), also known as the Marawi siege (Pagkubkob sa Marawi) and the Marawi crisis (Krisis sa Marawi), was a five-month-long armed conflict in Marawi, Lanao del Sur, that started on 23 May 2017, between Philippine government security forces and militants affiliated with the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), including the Maute and Abu Sayyaf Salafi jihadist groups.
The Battle of the Camel, sometimes called the Battle of Jamal or the Battle of Bassorah, took place at Basra, Iraq on.
The Battle of the Trench (Ghazwat al-Khandaq) also known as the Battle of the Confederates (Ghazwat al-Ahzab), was a 30-day-long siege of Yathrib (now Medina) by Arab and Jewish tribes. The strength of the confederate armies is estimated around 10,000 men with six hundred horses and some camels, while the Medinan defenders numbered 3,000. The largely outnumbered defenders of Medina, mainly Muslims led by Islamic prophet Muhammad, dug a trench on the suggestion of Salman Farsi, which together with Medina's natural fortifications, rendered the confederate cavalry (consisting of horses and camels) useless, locking the two sides in a stalemate. Hoping to make several attacks at once, the confederates persuaded the Muslim-allied Medinan Jews, Banu Qurayza, to attack the city from the south. However, Muhammad's diplomacy derailed the negotiations, and broke up the confederacy against him. The well-organised defenders, the sinking of confederate morale, and poor weather conditions caused the siege to end in a fiasco. The siege was a "battle of wits", in which the Muslims tactically overcame their opponents while suffering very few casualties. Efforts to defeat the Muslims failed, and Islam became influential in the region. As a consequence, the Muslim army besieged the area of the Banu Qurayza tribe, leading to their surrender and enslavement or execution. The defeat caused the Meccans to lose their trade and much of their prestige.
The Battle of Tsuntua, fought in December 1804, was one of the largest battles of the Fulani War.
The Battle of Uhud (غزوة أحد) was a battle between the early Muslims and their Quraish Meccan enemies in AD 624 in the northwest of the Arabian peninsula.
The Battle of Yamama was fought in December 632 as part as the Ridda Wars against a rebellion within the Rashidun Caliphate in the region of Al-Yamama (in present-day Saudi Arabia) between the forces of Abu Bakr and Musaylimah, a self-proclaimed prophet.
Bayʿah (بَيْعَة, Pledge of allegiance"), in Islamic terminology, is an oath of allegiance to a leader.
Bayan al-Sa‘ada fi Maqamat al-‘Ibada (Arabic: The Elucidation of Felicity concerning the Stations of Worship) is an exegesis on the Qur'an by Ni'matullāhī Sufi leader Sultan ‘Ali Shah in Arabic.
The Bazighiyya Shia (named for Bazigh ibn Yunus, to whom they were related) was a Ghulat sect of Shia Islam.
The Báb, born Siyyid `Alí Muhammad Shírází (سيد علی محمد شیرازی; October 20, 1819 – July 9, 1850) was the founder of Bábism, and one of the central figures of the Bahá'í Faith.
Bábism (بابیه, Babiyye), also known as the Bayání Faith (Persian:, Bayání), is an Abrahamic monotheistic religion which professes that there is one incorporeal, unknown, and incomprehensible GodBrowne, E.G., p. 15 who manifests his will in an unending series of theophanies, called Manifestations of God (Arabic). It has no more than a few thousand adherents according to current estimates, most of whom are concentrated in Iran.
Béni Abbès (بني عباس), also known as the Pearl of the Saoura, and also as the White Oasis, is a town and commune located in western Algeria in Béchar Province, far from the provincial capital Béchar, and from Algiers.
BBC Arabic may refer to the Literary Arabic language radio station run by the BBC World Service, as well as the BBC's satellite TV channel, and the website that serves as an Literary Arabic language news portal and provides online access to both the TV and radio broadcasts.
"Be, and it is" (كن فيكون) is a phrase that occurs several times in the Qur'an.
Bear-baiting is a blood sport involving the worrying or tormenting (baiting) of bears.
The Beast of the Earth (دابة الأرض Dābbat al-Arḍ), in Islamic eschatology, will be one of the signs of the coming of the Last Day, after the sun arises in the west, there it is also hold to be sighted the first time.
The Beatitudes are eight blessings recounted by Jesus in the Sermon on the Mount in the Gospel of Matthew.
The Bedouin (badawī) are a grouping of nomadic Arab peoples who have historically inhabited the desert regions in North Africa, the Arabian Peninsula, Iraq and the Levant.
Begum Rokeya Sakhawat Hossain (বেগম রোকেয়া সাখাওয়াত হোসেন; 9 December 1880 – 9 December 1932), commonly known as Begum Rokeya, was a Bengali writer, thinker, educationist, social activist, advocate of women's rights, and widely regarded as the pioneer of women's education in the Indian subcontinent during the time of the British rule.
BeHafizh is a useful mobile application to assist in the effort to memorize Qur'anic verses.
Behar, BeHar, Be-har, or B'har (— Hebrew for "on the mount," the fifth word, and the first distinctive word, in the parashah) is the 32nd weekly Torah portion (parashah) in the annual Jewish cycle of Torah reading and the ninth in the Book of Leviticus.
Beit Al Qur'an (بيت القرآن, meaning: the House of Qur'an) is a multi-purpose complex dedicated to the Islamic arts and is located in Hoora, Bahrain.
Beit Ur al-Fauqa (بيت عور الفوقا) is a Palestinian village located in the Ramallah and al-Bireh Governorate in the northern West Bank, east of Ramallah and southeast of Beit Ur al-Tahta.
Bektashi Order or Shī‘ah Imāmī Alevī-Bektāshī Ṭarīqah (Tarikati Bektashi; Bektaşi Tarîkatı) is a dervish order (tariqat) named after the 13th century Alevi Wali (saint) Haji Bektash Veli from Khorasan, but founded by Balım Sultan.
Belief is the state of mind in which a person thinks something to be the case with or without there being empirical evidence to prove that something is the case with factual certainty.
Osama bin Laden took ideological guidance from individuals named Ibn Taymiyya, Ibn al-Qayyim al-Jawziyyah, and Sayyid Qutb.
This article is about the Beliefs and theology of the Nation of Islam.
The Belitung shipwreck (also called the Tang shipwreck or Batu Hitam shipwreck) is the wreck of an Arabian dhow which sailed en route from Africa to China around 830 CE.
Benazir Bhutto (بينظير ڀُٽو; 21 June 1953 – 27 December 2007) was a Pakistani politician who served as Prime Minister of Pakistan from 1988 to 1990 and again from 1993 to 1996.
Benjamin was the last-born of Jacob's thirteen children (12 sons and 1 daughter), and the second and last son of Rachel in Jewish, Christian and Islamic tradition.
The Great Berber Revolt of 739/740–743 AD (122–125 AH in the Muslim calendar) took place during the reign of the Umayyad Caliph Hisham ibn Abd al-Malik and marked the first successful secession from the Arab caliphate (ruled from Damascus).
Bereshit, Bereishit, Bereishis, B'reshith, Beresheet, or Bereishees (– Hebrew for "in the beginning," the first word in the parashah) is the first weekly Torah portion (parashah) in the annual Jewish cycle of Torah reading.
Bertrandon de la Bro(c)quière (c. 1400 – 9 May 1459) was a Burgundian spy and pilgrim to the Middle East in 1432–33.
Bespoke Henna is a London based ethnic décor interior design business which has been trading since 2012.
Bhaktivinoda Thakur, also written) (2 September 1838 – 23 June 1914), born Kedarnath Datta, was a prominent thinker of Bengali Renaissance and a leading philosopher, savant and spiritual reformer of Gaudiya Vaishnavism who effected its resurgence in India in late 19th and early 20th century and was hailed by contemporary scholars as the most influential Gaudiya Vaishnava leader of his time. He is also credited, along with his son Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati, with pioneering the propagation of Gaudiya Vaishnavism in the West and its eventual global spread. Kedarnath Datta was born on 2 September 1838 in the town of Birnagar, Bengal Presidency, in a traditional Hindu family of wealthy Bengali landlords. After a village schooling, he continued his education at Hindu College in Calcutta, where he acquainted himself with contemporary Western philosophy and theology. There he became a close associate of prominent literary and intellectual figures of the Bengal Renaissance, such as Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar, Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay, and Sisir Kumar Ghosh. At 18, he began a teaching career in rural areas of Bengal and Orissa until he became an employee with the British Raj in the Judicial Service, from which he retired in 1894 as District Magistrate. Kedarnath Datta belonged to the kayastha community of Bengali intellectual gentry that lived during the Bengal Renaissance and attempted to rationalise their traditional Hindu beliefs and customs. In his youth he spent much time researching and comparing various religious and philosophical systems, both Indian and Western, with a view of finding among them a comprehensive, authentic and intellectually satisfying path. He tackled the task of reconciling Western reason and traditional belief by dividing religion into the phenomenal and the transcendent, thus accommodating both modern critical analysis and Hindu mysticism in his writings. Kedarnath's spiritual quest finally led him at the age of 29 to become a follower of Caitanya Mahaprabhu (1486–1533). He dedicated himself to a deep study and committed practice of Caitanya's teachings, soon emerging as a reputed leader within the Caitanya Vaishnava movement in Bengal. He edited and published over 100 books on Vaishnavism, including major theological treatises such as Krishna-samhita (1880), Caitanya-sikshamrita (1886) Jaiva-dharma (1893), Tattva-sutra (1893), Tattva-viveka (1893), and Hari-nama-cintamani (1900). Between 1881 and 1909, Kedarnath also published a monthly journal in Bengali entitled Sajjana-toshani ("The source of pleasure for devotees"), which he used as the prime means for propagating Caitanya's teachings among the bhadralok. In 1886, in recognition of his prolific theological, philosophical and literary contributions, the local Gaudiya Vaishnava community conferred upon Kedarnath Datta the honorific title of Bhaktivinoda. In his later years Bhaktivinoda founded and conducted nama-hatta – a travelling preaching program that spread theology and practice of Caitanya throughout rural and urban Bengal, by means of discourses, printed materials and Bengali songs of his own composition. He also opposed what he saw as apasampradayas, or numerous distortions of the original Caitanya teachings. He is credited with the rediscovery of the lost site of Caitanya's birth, in Mayapur near Nabadwip, which he commemorated with a prominent temple. Bhaktivinoda Thakur pioneered the spread of Caitanya's teachings in the West, sending in 1880 copies of his works to Ralph Waldo Emerson in the United States and to Reinhold Rost in Europe. In 1896 another publication of Bhaktivinoda, a book in English entitled Srimad-Gaurangalila-Smaranamangala, or Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, His life and Precepts was sent to several academics and libraries in Canada, Britain and Australia. The revival of Gaudiya Vaishnavism effected by Bhaktivinoda spawned one of India's most dynamic preaching missions of the early 20th century, the Gaudiya Matha, headed by his son and spiritual heir, Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati. Bhaktisiddhanta's disciple A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami (1896–1977) continued his guru Western mission when in 1966 in the United States he founded ISKCON, or the Hare Krishna movement, which then spread Gaudiya Vaishnavism globally. Bhaktivinoda wrote an autobiographical account titled Svalikhita-jivani that spanned the period from his birth in 1838 until retirement in 1894. He died in Calcutta on 23 June 1914 at age 75. His remains were interred near Mayapur, West Bengal.
Bi'tha is an Arabic word meaning 'sending'.
The Arabic phrase bi-la kayfa, also bilā kaifa, (بلا كيف) is roughly translated as "without asking how", or "without how" which means without modality.
The Bibi-Heybat Mosque (Bibiheybət məscidi) is a historical mosque in Baku, Azerbaijan.
The Bible (from Koine Greek τὰ βιβλία, tà biblía, "the books") is a collection of sacred texts or scriptures that Jews and Christians consider to be a product of divine inspiration and a record of the relationship between God and humans.
The Quran, the central religious text of Islam, contains references to more than fifty people and events also found in the Bible.
The biblical Magi (or; singular: magus), also referred to as the (Three) Wise Men or (Three) Kings, were, in the Gospel of Matthew and Christian tradition, a group of distinguished foreigners who visited Jesus after his birth, bearing gifts of gold, frankincense and myrrh.
According to the Book of Exodus, Mount Sinai (Hebrew: הר סיני, Har Sinai) is the mountain at which the Ten Commandments were given to Moses by God.
There are many Biblical figures which the Qur'an names.
Bibliomancy is the use of books in divination.
Biblioteca de al-Andalus is a standard encyclopaedia of the academic discipline of Al-Andalus studies.
The Biblioteca Queriniana is a public library with a rich collection of ancient manuscripts, located on Via Giuseppe Mazzini in Brescia, region of Lombardy, Italy.
The Bibliotheca Alexandrina (Library of Alexandria; مكتبة الإسكندرية) is a major library and cultural center located on the shore of the Mediterranean Sea in the Egyptian city of Alexandria.
In Islam, bid‘ah (بدعة; innovation) refers to innovation in religious matters.
Big Brother is a Dutch reality television game show franchise created by John de Mol Jr., broadcast in the Netherlands and subsequently syndicated internationally.
Biḥār al-Anwār (بحار الأنوار, meaning "Seas of Lights") is a comprehensive collection of traditions (ahadith) compiled by the Shi'i Muslim scholar Mulla Mohammad-Baqer Majlesi, known as 'Allama Majlisi (d. 1110/1698).
The culture of Bihar, an eastern state of India, includes various unique forms of literature, cuisine, performing and visual arts and festivals.
The Bijapur Fort (ವಿಜಾಪುರ ಕೋಟೆ Vijapur kote) is located in the Bijapur city in Bijapur District of the Indian state of Karnataka.
A set of rules for the romanization of Arabic that is highly phonetic, almost one-to-one, and uses only two special characters, namely the hyphen and the apostrophe as modifiers.
The Bilali Muhammad Document is a handwritten, Arabic manuscript on West African Islamic law.
William E. "Bill" Brady Jr. (born May 15, 1961) is a Republican member of the Illinois Senate who has represented the 44th Legislative District since his appointment in May 2002.
Commander William Donald Aelian "Bill" King, DSO & Bar, DSC (23 June 1910 – 21 September 2012) was a British naval officer, yachtsman and author.
Clarence William Nelson II (born September 29, 1942) is an American politician serving as the senior United States Senator from Florida, a seat he was first elected to in 2000.
Begum Bilquis Sheikh (12 December 1912 – 9 April 1997) was a Pakistani author and Christian missionary.
The Binding of Isaac (עֲקֵידַת יִצְחַק Aqedat Yitzhaq, in Hebrew also simply "The Binding", הָעֲקֵידָה Ha-Aqedah), is a story from the Hebrew Bible found in Genesis 22.
Bintan Island or Negeri Segantang Lada is an island in the Riau archipelago of Indonesia.
Binyam Ahmed Mohamed (also listed as Benjamin Mohammed, Benyam (Ahmed) Mohammed and Benyam Mohammed al-Habashi) (born 24 July 1978) is an Ethiopian national and United Kingdom resident, who was detained as a suspected enemy combatant by the US Government in Guantanamo Bay prison between 2004 and 2009 without charges.
Biocentrism (from Greek βίος bios, "life" and κέντρον kentron, "center"), in a political and ecological sense, as well as literally, is an ethical point of view that extends inherent value to all living things.
Biographical evaluation (`Ilm al-Rijāl), literally meaning 'Knowledge of Men' but more commonly understood as the Science of Narration, refers to a discipline of Islamic religious studies within hadith terminology in which the narrators of hadith are evaluated.
The Bishwa Ijtema (বিশ্ব ইজতেমা, meaning Global Congregation) is an annual gathering of Muslims in Tongi, by the banks of the River Turag, in the outskirts of Dhaka, Bangladesh.
Bismillah (بسم الله) is a phrase in Arabic meaning "In the name of God"; it is the first word in the Qur'an, and also refers to the Qur'an's opening phrase (named the basmala).
Bismillah ceremony is a cultural ceremony celebrated mostly by the indian subcontinent muslims.
Bithiah (Biṯyāh, Bityá, literally "daughter of Yah") or "Daughter of God" was an Egyptian princess, and a daughter of Pharaoh according to the Old Testament.
In the United States, black genocide refers to the genocide of African Americans both in the past and in the present.
Black people is a term used in certain countries, often in socially based systems of racial classification or of ethnicity, to describe persons who are perceived to be dark-skinned compared to other populations.
The Black Stone (ٱلْحَجَرُ ٱلْأَسْوَد,, "Black Stone") is a rock set into the eastern corner of the Kaaba, the ancient building located in the center of the Grand Mosque in Mecca, Saudi Arabia.
Blasphemy is the act of insulting or showing contempt or lack of reverence to a deity, or sacred things, or toward something considered sacred or inviolable.
A blasphemy law is a law prohibiting blasphemy, which is irreverence or insult toward holy personages, religious groups, sacred artifacts, customs, or beliefs.
The People's Democratic Republic of Algeria prohibits blasphemy against Islam by using legislation rather than by using Sharia.
The blasphemy law in Egypt penalizes: "whoever exploits and uses the religion in advocating and propagating by talk or in writing, or by any other method, extremist thoughts with the aim of instigating sedition and division or disdaining and contempting any of the heavenly religions or the sects belonging thereto, or prejudicing national unity or social peace." In 1981, during the El Zawya El Hamra religious strife, the Egyptian penal code was amended to prohibit the "insulting of religions." The law was supposedly enacted to protect religious minorities.
Blasphemy law in Indonesia (Undang-undang Penistaan Agama) is the legislation, presidential decrees, and ministerial directives that prohibit blasphemy in Indonesia.
The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan has Islam as the state religion, and most Jordanians are Sunni Muslims.
The Pakistan Penal Code prohibits blasphemy (قانون توہین رسالت) against any recognized religion, providing penalties ranging from a fine to death.
The United Arab Emirates (UAE) has Islam as its official religion, and the federation regards blasphemy as a very serious matter.
The Holy Marriage Blessing Ceremony is a large-scale wedding or marriage rededication ceremony sponsored by the Unification Church.
Blood is a body fluid in humans and other animals that delivers necessary substances such as nutrients and oxygen to the cells and transports metabolic waste products away from those same cells.
The "Blood Qur'an" is a copy of the Islamic holy book, the Qur'an, claimed to have been written in the blood of the former president of Iraq, Saddam Hussein over the course of two years in the late 1990s.
The Blood Syndicate is a fictional multicultural gang of superhumans created by Milestone Comics and published by DC Comics.
Blue is one of the three primary colours of pigments in painting and traditional colour theory, as well as in the RGB colour model.
The Blue Qur'an (Arabic: المصحف الأزرق al-Muṣḥaf al-′Azraq) is a late 9th- to early 10th-century Fatimid Tunisian Qur'an manuscript in Kufic calligraphy, probably created in North Africa for the Great Mosque (Mosque of Uqba) of Qairawan.
Aparisim "Bobby" Ghosh is an Indian born American Journalist and commentator.
Bol (lit. Speak or word(s)) is a 2011 Pakistani Urdu language social drama film written, directed and produced by Shoaib Mansoor.
Book burning is the ritual destruction by fire of books or other written materials, usually carried out in a public context.
The Book of Job (Hebrew: אִיוֹב Iyov) is a book in the Ketuvim ("Writings") section of the Hebrew Bible (Tanakh), and the first poetic book in the Old Testament of the Christian Bible.
The Book of Jonah is a book of the Nevi’im (“Prophets”) in the Hebrew Bible.
The Book of Jubilees, sometimes called Lesser Genesis (Leptogenesis), is an ancient Jewish religious work of 50 chapters, considered canonical by the Ethiopian Orthodox Church as well as Beta Israel (Ethiopian Jews), where it is known as the Book of Division (Ge'ez: መጽሃፈ ኩፋሌ Mets'hafe Kufale).
The Book of Moses, dictated by Joseph Smith, is part of the scriptural canon for some in the Latter Day Saint movement.
The Book of the Dead is an ancient Egyptian funerary text, used from the beginning of the New Kingdom (around 1550 BCE) to around 50 BCE.
Bookbinding is the process of physically assembling a book of codex format from an ordered stack of paper sheets that are folded together into sections or sometimes left as a stack of individual sheets.
The publishing industry in Pakistan is hampered both by a low literacy rate (48%).
Borama (Boorama, بوراما) is the capital and the largest city of the northwestern Awdal region of Somaliland.
The Bosnian uprising (also known as Great Bosnian Uprising) was a revolt of Bosniak ayans (landlords) against the Ottoman Empire.
Boutilimit (بوتلميت) lies 164 km south east of Mauritania's capital of Nouakchott.
Charles Bradford "Brad" Henry (born July 10, 1963) is an American lawyer and politician who was the 26th Governor of Oklahoma.
A Bengali Brahmo or the traditional Bengali elites are Bengal's upper class.
Brandon Neely is a former United States Army guard at the Guantanamo Bay detention camp, in Cuba.
Bride price, bridewealth, or bride token, is money, property, or other form of wealth paid by a groom or his family to the family of the woman he will be married or is just about to marry.
Brighter Horizons Academy (BHA) is a full-time accredited pre-k through 12 Islamic college preparatory in Garland, Texas, USA.
British Bangladeshis (ব্রিটিশ বাংলাদেশি) are people of Bangladeshi origin who have attained citizenship in the United Kingdom, through immigration and historical naturalisation.
The British Library is the national library of the United Kingdom and the largest national library in the world by number of items catalogued.
The Department of Asia in the British Museum is one of the largest collections of historical artifacts from Asia, consisting of over 75,000 objects covering the material culture of the Asian continent (including East Asia, South and Central Asia, and Southeast Asia), and dating from the Neolithic age up to the present.
Broken Hill Mosque is a heritage-listed mosque and museum at Buck Street, Broken Hill, City of Broken Hill, New South Wales, Australia.
Broken Saints is an award-winning, partially Flash-animated film series by Brooke Burgess, Ian Kirby, and Andrew West.
Brother Rachid (born 1971, Morocco) is a Moroccan Christian convert from Islam whose father is a well-known respected Imam.
The Brunei Museum is the national museum of Brunei located at Kota Batu near the capital city of Bandar Seri Begawan.
Olawale Ashimi (who prefers to be called Olawale Olofo'ro; born 9 May 1986), better known as Brymo, is a Nigerian singer, songwriter and composer.
Buddhism is the world's fourth-largest religion with over 520 million followers, or over 7% of the global population, known as Buddhists.
Bukhara (Uzbek Latin: Buxoro; Uzbek Cyrillic: Бухоро) is a city in Uzbekistan.
The tenga was the currency of Bukhara until 1920.
Buland Darwaza (बुलंद दरवाज़ा, بُلند دروازه), or the "Gate of victory", was built in 1575 A.D. by Akbar to commemorate his victory over Gujarat.
Burayr ibn Khuzayr al-Hamadan (Arabic: بریر بن خضیر همدانی) was descended from Bani Mashriq that is branch of the people of Hamadan who were originally from Yemen.
Burhan al-Haqq or ((برهان الحق, 'Demonstration of the Truth') is a 1963 (1342 Persian calendar) theological and spiritual work by Nur Ali Elahi dedicated to showing the inner spiritual aims shared by the Quran, Shia Islam and the original teachings and practices of the Ahl-e Haqq order. In 1964, Dr. Simon Weightman wrote a piece titled "The significance of Kitab Burhan al- Haqq". Elahi states that he has left "nothing unsaid", in the books he wrote. "Even if you read Burhan al-Haqq a thousand times, you will find something new in it each time. He also states "know that Burhan al-Haqq cannot be abridged. There are many secrets in my book... It is only after me that people will understand what "Burhan Al-haqq" is." He states that "The higher the level of knowledge rises, the better one will comprehend the scope; the more centuries pass, the more their value will increase. I alone know how much research I have done.".
Burhan Muzaffar Wani was the commander of a Kashmiri militant group Hizbul Mujahideen.
A burqa (برقع), also known as chadri or paranja in Central Asia, is an enveloping outer garment worn by women in some Islamic traditions to cover themselves in public, which covers the body and the face.
The Buyruks are a collection of spiritual books providing the basis of the Alevi value system.
Cage, formerly Cageprisoners Ltd, sometimes styled as "CAGE", is a London-based advocacy organisation which aims "to empower communities impacted by the War on Terror".
The Mausoleum of Abel in the Nabi Habeel Mosque Qābīl and Hābīl (قـابـيـل وَهـابـيـل, Cain and Abel) are believed by Muslims to have been the first two sons of Adam (آدم) and Hawwa’ (حـواء, Eve) mentioned in the Qur’an.
The Cairo Declaration on Human Rights in Islam (CDHRI) is a declaration of the member states of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation adopted in Cairo, Egypt, on 5 August 1990, (Conference of Foreign Ministers, 9–14 Muharram 1411H in the Islamic calendar) which provides an overview on the Islamic perspective on human rights, and affirms Islamic sharia as its sole source.
The Cairo Genizah, alternatively spelled Geniza, is a collection of some 300,000 Jewish manuscript fragments that were found in the genizah or storeroom of the Ben Ezra Synagogue in Fustat or Old Cairo, Egypt.
Zakāt (زكاة. zakāt, "that which purifies", also Zakat al-mal زكاة ألمال, "zakat on wealth") is a form of alms-giving treated as a religious tax and/or religious obligation in IslamMuḥammad ibn al-Ḥasan Ṭūsī (2010), Concise Description of Islamic Law and Legal Opinions,, pp.
Caleb, sometimes transliterated as Kaleb (Kalev; Tiberian vocalization: Kālēḇ; Hebrew Academy: Kalev), is a figure who appears in the Hebrew Bible as a representative of the Tribe of Judah during the Israelites' journey to the Promised Land.
Calgary Islamic School, sometimes abbreviated as "CIS", is a schoollocated in the north-east section of Calgary, Alberta.
A caliphate (خِلافة) is a state under the leadership of an Islamic steward with the title of caliph (خَليفة), a person considered a religious successor to the Islamic prophet Muhammad and a leader of the entire ummah (community).
Calligraphy (from Greek: καλλιγραφία) is a visual art related to writing.
Camp Bucca (سجن بوكا) was a detention facility maintained by the United States military in the vicinity of Umm Qasr, Iraq.
Camphor is a waxy, flammable, white or transparent solid with a strong aroma.
Different religions have varying stances on the use of cannabis, historically and presently.
Cantillation is the ritual chanting of readings from the Hebrew Bible in synagogue services.
Capital punishment is a legal penalty in Iran.
Capital punishment in Islam was traditionally regulated by Sharia, the religious law in Islam.
Capital punishment is a legal penalty in Pakistan.
Capital punishment is a legal penalty in Yemen.
Carpet pages are a characteristic feature of Insular illuminated manuscripts.
The Casbah of Dellys is a historic kasbah or medina quarter, the old town in the city of Dellys, Algeria.
Moulana Cassim Mohammed Sema (12 May 1920 – 9 June 2007) was the founder of the first madrasa in South Africa and possibly the first madrasa that uses English as its medium of instruction.
The Castellania (Il-Kastellanija; La Castellania), officially known as the Castellania Palace (Il-Palazz Kastellanja; Palazzo Castellania), is a former courthouse and prison in Valletta, Malta.
Yusuf Islam (born Steven Demetre Georgiou), commonly known by his former stage name Cat Stevens, is a British singer-songwriter and multi-instrumentalist.
Following Ayatollah Khomeini's 14 February 1989 death fatwa against author Salman Rushdie, following the publication of Rushdie's novel The Satanic Verses, Yusuf Islam, previously known as Cat Stevens, made statements that were interpreted as endorsing the killing of Rushdie.
Different categories of hadith (sayings attributed to the Islamic prophet Muhammad) have been used by various scholars.
Cattle slaughter, especially cow slaughter is a controversial topic in India because of the cattle's traditional status as an endeared and respected living being to many in Hinduism, Sikhism, Jainism, in contrast to cattle being considered as an acceptable source of meat by many in Islam, Christianity as well as some adherents of Indian religions.
A causal loop in the context of time travel or the causal structure of spacetime, is a sequence of events (actions, information, objects, people) in which an event is among the causes of another event, which in turn is among the causes of the first-mentioned event.
The Caux Round Table is an international organization of senior business executives aiming to promote ethical business practice.
The Cave of the Patriarchs, also called the Cave of Machpelah (Hebrew: מערת המכפלה,, trans. "cave of the double tombs") and known by Muslims as the Sanctuary of Abraham or the Ibrahimi Mosque (الحرم الإبراهيمي), is a series of subterranean chambers located in the heart of the old city of Hebron (Al-Khalil) in the Hebron Hills. According to tradition that has been associated with the Holy Books Torah, Bible and Quran, the cave and adjoining field were purchased by Abraham as a burial plot. The site of the Cave of the Patriarchs is located beneath a Saladin-era mosque, which had been converted from a large rectangular Herodian-era Judean structure. Dating back over 2,000 years, the monumental Herodian compound is believed to be the oldest continuously used intact prayer structure in the world, and is the oldest major building in the world that still fulfills its original function. The Hebrew name of the complex reflects the very old tradition of the double tombs of Abraham and Sarah, Isaac and Rebecca, Jacob and Leah, considered the Patriarchs and Matriarchs of the Jewish people. The only Jewish matriarch missing is Rachel, described in one biblical tradition as having been buried near Bethlehem. The Arabic name of the complex reflects the prominence given to Abraham, revered by Muslims as a Quranic prophet and patriarch through Ishmael. Outside biblical and Quranic sources there are a number of legends and traditions associated with the cave. In Acts 7:16 of the Christian Bible the cave of the Patriarchs is located in Shechem (Neapolis; Arabic: Nablus).
Cædmon (fl. c. AD 657–684) is the earliest English (Northumbrian) poet whose name is known.
Celibacy (from Latin, cælibatus") is the state of voluntarily being unmarried, sexually abstinent, or both, usually for religious reasons.
Cemal Gürsel (13 October 1895 – 14 September 1966) was a Turkish army officer, and the fourth President of Turkey.
The Pakistani Constitution limits Censorship in Pakistan, but allows "reasonable restrictions in the interests of the sovereignty and integrity of Pakistan or public order or morality".
The Center for Arab-West Understanding (CAWU) developed from the ideals of the Egyptian electronic magazine Arab-West Report.
An internal conflict in the Central African Republic (CAR) started essentially on 13 April 2013, when the government of President Michel Djotodia officially took over.
The Central Bank of the Islamic Republic of Iran (CBI; Bank Markazi-ye Jomhuri-ye Eslāmi-ye Irān, also known as Bank Markazi) is the central bank of Iran.
The Central Mosque Wembley (also known as Central Wembley Mosque and Wembley Central Mosque) is situated in the inner London Borough of Brent.
The Centre for High Energy Physics at the Punjab University, commonly referred to as CHEP, is a national research institute for High-energy physics (or Particle physics), a branch of fundamental Physics.
CFRA is a talk radio station in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, owned by Bell Media.
The Chalice Well, also known as the Red Spring, is a well situated at the foot of Glastonbury Tor in the county of Somerset, England.
Moulana Chalilakath Kunhahammad Haji (Arabic: جاللكت كنّ احمد الحاج Kerala 1866-1919) was a Malayali Sunni scholar and Islamic educationalist.
The challenge of the Quran or Tahaddi (Arabic: تحدي), in Islamic theology, is the invitation to challenge Islam and the Quran.
Cham Bank (بنك الشام) is the first Islamic bank to be established in Syria.
Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is located in Panchmahal district in Gujarat, India.
Chanda Sahib (died 12 June 1752) was the Mughal Empire's Sepoy, Divan of the Carnatic, Sipahsalar of the Carnatic, Faujdar and Nawab of the Carnatic between 1749 and 1752.
Changsha Mosque is a mosque located on Mount Huilong in Tianxin District of Changsha, Hunan, China.
Channel S (Sylheti-ꠌꠦꠘꠦꠟ ꠄꠍ) is a UK-based, free-to-air television channel targeting the British Bangladeshi community.
Charbagh or Chahar Bagh (Persian: چهارباغ, chahār bāgh, meaning "Four Bāghs" ("four gardens")) is a Persian and Islamic quadrilateral garden layout based on the four gardens of Paradise mentioned in the Qur'an.
Charing Cross, officially renamed Faisal Square ("Faisal Chowk" in Urdu and Punjabi), is a major road intersection of Lahore, Pakistan, located on The Mall (Lahore).
Charles H. McVety is a Canadian evangelical Christian leader and conservative political activist.
The Charleston church shooting (also known as the Charleston church massacre) was a mass shooting in which Dylann Roof, a 21-year-old white supremacist, murdered nine African Americans (including the senior pastor, state senator Clementa C. Pinckney) during a prayer service at the Emanuel African Methodist Episcopal Church in downtown Charleston, South Carolina, on the evening of June 17, 2015.
On 7 January 2015 at about 11:30 local time, two brothers, Saïd and Chérif Kouachi, forced their way into the offices of the French satirical weekly newspaper Charlie Hebdo in Paris.
Chavacano or Chabacano refers to a number of Spanish-based creole language varieties spoken in the Philippines.
The Chechen Republic (tɕɪˈtɕɛnskəjə rʲɪˈspublʲɪkə; Нохчийн Республика, Noxçiyn Respublika), commonly referred to as Chechnya (p; Нохчийчоь, Noxçiyçö), is a federal subject (a republic) of Russia.
Cheikh Hamidou Kane, nicknamed "Mathaira," (18 December 1939 - 15 May 2009) was a Senegalese politician and economist who served as a government minister several times during Abdou Diouf's presidency.
Chekannur Maulavi (born Chekannur P. K. Mohammed Abul Hassan Maulavi on 1936, disappeared 29 July 1993) was a progressive Islamic cleric who lived in Edappal, in the Malappuram district of Kerala, India.
Cheng Ho Mosque, officially Al Islam Muhammad Cheng Hoo Sriwijaya Palembang Mosque, is a mosque dedicated for Muslim Chinese people located in Jakabaring Palembang, South Sumatra, Indonesia.
A cherub (also pl. cherubim; כְּרוּב kərūv, pl., kərūvîm; Latin cherub, pl. cherubin, cherubim; Syriac ܟܪܘܒܐ; Arabic قروبيين) is one of the unearthly beings who directly attend to God according to Abrahamic religions.
Sayyid Zain Hamid Cheruseethi Thangal (Arabic: سيّد زين حامد بن اب الخير عبد الله, Malayalam: സയ്യിദ് സൈൻ ഹാമിദ് ചെറുസീതി തങ്ങൾ) was a Sufi leader born in the city of Tarim of Hadhramaut which was a part of Yemen in the year 1669 (C.E) (A.H. 1080).
The Chester Beatty Library was established in Dublin, Ireland in 1950, to house the collections of mining magnate, Sir Alfred Chester Beatty.
Chiang Kai-shek (31 October 1887 – 5 April 1975), also romanized as Chiang Chieh-shih or Jiang Jieshi and known as Chiang Chungcheng, was a political and military leader who served as the leader of the Republic of China between 1928 and 1975, first in mainland China until 1949 and then in exile in Taiwan.
In rhetoric, chiasmus or, less commonly, chiasm (Latin term from Greek χίασμα, "crossing", from the Greek χιάζω, chiázō, "to shape like the letter Χ") is a “reversal of grammatical structures in successive phrases or clauses – but no repetition of words”.
Child suicide bombers in the Israeli–Palestinian conflict refers to the exploitation of children to carry out suicide bombings by Palestinian militant groups.
Chinese Muslims in the Second Sino-Japanese War were courted by both Chinese and Japanese generals, but tended to fight against the Japanese, with or without the support of higher echelons of other Chinese factions.
Chinese nationalism is the form of nationalism in China which asserts that the Chinese people are a nation and promotes the cultural and national unity of the Chinese.
Chinese people in Egypt form one of the smaller groups of overseas Chinese; however, they are a very diverse community with a history reaching back for over a century.
Chinguetti (Cengiṭ, translit) is a ksar or a Berber medieval trading center in northern Mauritania, located on the Adrar Plateau east of Atar.
Moulví Cherágh Ali (1844-1895) (also spelled Chirágh) was an Indian Muslim scholar of the late 19th century.
The Chishtī Order (چشتی chishtī) is a Sunni Sufi order within the mystic Sufi tradition of Islam.
The existence of a Christian community in Najran is attested by several historical sources of the Arabian peninsula, where it recorded as having been created in the 5th century CE or perhaps a century earlier.
Charles-Marie Christian de Chergé, O.C.S.O (Colmar, 18 January 1937 - 21 May 1996), was a French Roman Catholic Cistercian monk.
Christian reconstructionism is a fundamentalist Reformed theonomic movement that developed under the ideas of Rousas Rushdoony, Greg Bahnsen and Gary North; it has had an important influence on the Christian Right in the United States.
Christian Tămaş (born November 13, 1964) is a Romanian writer, translator, essayist, arts and humanities researcher.
Christianah Oluwatoyin Oluwasesin (first name also given as Christiana, last name also as Oluwaseesin, Oluseesin or Olusesan), (Ekiti State, 1977 – Gandu, Gombe State, 21 March 2007), was a Christian Nigerian teacher who was lynched by Muslim pupils for allegedly desecrating the Qur'an at a secondary school in Gandu, Gombe State, Nigeria, on March 21, 2007.
Christianity and Islam are the two largest religions in the world and share a historical and traditional connection, with some major theological differences.
Christianity and other religions documents Christianity's relationship with other world religions, and the differences and similarities.
Accurate religious demographics are difficult to obtain in Saudi Arabia but while all citizens are considered Muslims by the state, there are believed to be at least 1.5–2 million Christians living in the country.
The Western (Latin) and Eastern (Greek) divisions of Christianity began to take on distinctive shape in 7th century Christianity.
Under the Ottoman Empire's millet system, Christians and Jews were considered Dhimmi (meaning "protected") under Ottoman law.
Christoph Ludolf Ehrenfried Krehl (29 June 1825 – 15 May 1901, Leipzig) was a German orientalist born in Meissen.
Christoph Luxenberg is the pseudonym of the author of The Syro-Aramaic Reading of the Koran: A Contribution to the Decoding of the Language of the Qur'an (German edition 2000, English translation 2007) and several articles in anthologies about early Islam.
Christopher Melchert is an American professor and scholar of Islam, specialising in Islamic movements and institutions, especially in the ninth and tenth centuries C.E. A prolific author, he is University Lecturer in Arabic and Islam at the University of Oxford's Oriental Institute, and is a Fellow in Arabic at Pembroke College, Oxford.
Chukat, Hukath, or Chukkas (— Hebrew for "decree," the ninth word, and the first distinctive word, in the parashah) is the 39th weekly Torah portion (parashah) in the annual Jewish cycle of Torah reading and the sixth in the Book of Numbers.
Circle Bakote is a cluster of Union Councils in the eastern part of Abbottabad District in the North-West Frontier Province of Pakistan.
Male circumcision is the removal of the foreskin from the human penis.
Citizen Khan is a British sitcom produced by the BBC and created by Adil Ray.
Clarence Edward Smith (February 22, 1928 – June 13, 1969), better known by his assumed names Clarence 13X and Allah, was an American leader and founder of the Five-Percent Nation.
Classical Arabic is the form of the Arabic language used in Umayyad and Abbasid literary texts from the 7th century AD to the 9th century AD.
A classical language is a language with a literature that is classical.
Claude-Étienne Savary (1750 in Vitré, Ille-et-Vilaine – 1788) was an orientalist, pioneer of Egyptology and translator of the Qur'an.
Clay v. United States,, was Muhammad Ali's appeal of his conviction in 1967 for refusing to report for induction into the United States military forces during the Vietnam War.
Cleavage is the exposed area between a woman’s breasts lying over the sternum, and refers only to what is visible with clothing (or dense, nontransparent body art) that includes a low-cut neckline.
Clinton Bennett (born 7 October 1955) is a British American scholar of religions and participant in interfaith dialogue specialising in the study of Islam and Muslim-non-Muslim encounter.
In literary criticism, close reading is the careful, sustained interpretation of a brief passage of a text.
The current coat of arms of Morocco (formally, the royal coat of arms) was introduced 14 August 1957.
The codex Parisino-petropolitanus is one of the oldest extant manuscripts of the Quran, dated to the 7th or 8th century.
Ecole et Collège Saint-Mauront is a private Catholic primary and junior high school in the 3rd arrondissement, Marseille, France.
Collective salvation is the religious belief that members of a group collectively influence the salvation of the group to which they belong.
Collective security can be understood as a security arrangement, political, regional, or global, in which each state in the system accepts that the security of one is the concern of all, and therefore commits to a collective response to threats to, and breaches to peace.
Collective wisdom, also called group wisdom and co-intelligence, is shared knowledge arrived at by individuals and groups.
Collyridianism was an alleged Early Christian heretical movement in pre-Islamic Arabia, whose adherents apparently worshipped the Virgin Mary, mother of Jesus, as a goddess.
The Colony of Aden or Aden Colony (مستعمرة عدن) was a British Crown colony from 1937 to 1963 located in the south of contemporary Yemen.
Commanding the just (امر بالمعروف Amr bi l-Ma‘rūf) is a part of Shia Islam's Branches of Religion.
The Commission on Scientific Signs in the Quran and Sunnah is an organization established by Sheikh Abdul Majeed al-Zindani with the backing of the Muslim World League in 1984 in Saudi Arabia.
The Committee for the Promotion of Virtue and the Prevention of Vice (abbreviated CPVPV; هيئة الأمر بالمعروف والنهي عن المنكر), also informally referred to as Hai’a, is the Saudi Arabian government agency employing “religious police” or Mutaween (مطوعين), to enforce Sharia Law within that Islamic nation.
Ficus carica is an Asian species of flowering plant in the mulberry family, known as the common fig (or just the fig).
In philosophy, economics, and political science, the common good (also commonwealth, common weal or general welfare) refers to either what is shared and beneficial for all or most members of a given community, or alternatively, what is achieved by citizenship, collective action, and active participation in the realm of politics and public service.
The common raven (Corvus corax), also known as the northern raven, is a large all-black passerine bird.
The Comoros (جزر القمر), officially the Union of the Comoros (Comorian: Udzima wa Komori, Union des Comores, الاتحاد القمري), is a sovereign archipelago island nation in the Indian Ocean located at the northern end of the Mozambique Channel off the eastern coast of Africa between northeastern Mozambique and northwestern Madagascar.
The Companions of the Rass, known alternatively as the People of the Well or the People of Ar-Rass, were an ancient community, who are mentioned in the Qur'an.
Comparative religion is the branch of the study of religions concerned with the systematic comparison of the doctrines and practices of the world's religions.
The Islamic dietary laws (halal) and the Jewish dietary laws (kashrut; in English, kosher) are both quite detailed, and contain both points of similarity and discord.
Compassion motivates people to go out of their way to help the physical, mental, or emotional pains of another and themselves.
The Compendium of Muslim Texts contains the most known online hadith database, ranking highest in the Google search engine, although the collections they have are incomplete due to being one of the earliest sites on Islam on the net.
There are many real and fictitious occurrences of concealing objects in a book.
The ancient Mesopotamians believed that magic was the only viable defense against demons, ghosts, and evil sorcerers.
A concordance is an alphabetical list of the principal words used in a book or body of work, listing every instance of each word with its immediate context.
Condoleezza Rice served as United States Secretary of State under George W. Bush.
Congregation Beth El is a synagogue located in Bethesda, Maryland.
The Surrender of Fadak, also spelt Fidak, or Fidk took place in May 628AD, 2nd month of 7AH of the Islamic calendar.
The Conquest of the island of Majorca on behalf of the Christian kingdoms was carried out by King James I of Aragon between 1229 and 1231.
The conquest of Mecca (فتح مكة) refers to the event when Mecca was conquered by Muslims led by Muhammad on 11 January, 630 AD, (Julian), 20 Ramadan, 8 AH.
Consanguinity ("blood relation", from the Latin consanguinitas) is the property of being from the same kinship as another person.
Conscience is an aptitude, faculty, intuition or judgment that assists in distinguishing right from wrong.
The Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan (Urdu), also known as the 1973 Constitution is the supreme law of Pakistan.
The Constitution of 1956 was the fundamental law of Pakistan from March 1956 until the 1958 Pakistani coup d'état.
The Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran was adopted by referendum on 2 and 3 December 1979, and went into force replacing the Constitution of 1906.
Contemporary Islamic philosophy revives some of the trends of medieval Islamic philosophy, notably the tension between Mutazilite and Asharite views of ethics in science and law, and the duty of Muslims and role of Islam in the sociology of knowledge and in forming ethical codes and legal codes, especially the fiqh (or "jurisprudence") and rules of jihad (or "just war").
Contentment is a mental or emotional state of satisfaction maybe drawn from being at ease in one's situation, body and mind.
Continuous revelation or continuing revelation is a theological belief or position that God continues to reveal divine principles or commandments to humanity.
Contract law in Saudi Arabia is governed by the conservative Hanbali school of Sharia Law, which adopts a fundamentalist and literal interpretation of the Quran.
Controversies of the former Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad included criticism after his election victory on June 29, 2005.
The Copts (ⲚⲓⲢⲉⲙ̀ⲛⲭⲏⲙⲓ ̀ⲛ̀Ⲭⲣⲏⲥⲧⲓ̀ⲁⲛⲟⲥ,; أقباط) are an ethnoreligious group indigenous to North Africa who primarily inhabit the area of modern Egypt, where they are the largest Christian denomination in the country.
Copts in Sudan may refer to people born in or residing in Sudan of full or partial Coptic origin.
Coran is an infrequently used English spelling of Qur'an (The Islamic Holy Book).
"Coran TV 5" is an Algerian.
The Cork Islamic Cultural Centre (CICC) is an Irish-registered non-profit organisation established to "invite Muslims back to the teachings of the Quran and Sunnah and to educate Non-Muslims about Islam." It opened in October 2013 in an effort to serve the second largest Muslim community in Ireland.
Cornelis Hulsman is a Dutch sociologist who has been living in Egypt since 1994.
Coronations in Asia in the strict sense are and historically were rare, as only few monarchies, primarily in Western Asia, ever adopted the concept that the placement of a crown symbolised the monarch's investiture.
Coronations in Europe were previously held in the monarchies of Europe.
Corporate Avenger was a Native American band from Southern California.
Corpus Coranicum is a research project of the Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Sciences and Humanities towards a critical edition of the Quran.
Corpus linguistics is the study of language as expressed in corpora (bodies) of "real world" text.
Cosmic pluralism, the plurality of worlds, or simply pluralism, describes the philosophical belief in numerous "worlds" (planets, dwarf planets or natural satellites) in addition to Earth (possibly an infinite number), which may harbour extraterrestrial life.
Islamic cosmology is the cosmology of Islamic societies.
Council of Islamic Ideology (اِسلامی نظریاتی کونسل) is a constitutional body of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, responsible for giving legal advice on Islamic issues to the government and the Parliament.
The Council on American–Islamic Relations (CAIR) is a Muslim civil rights and advocacy group.
Counter-jihad or counterjihad or counter-jihad movement is a political current loosely consisting of authors, bloggers, think tanks, street movements and campaign organisations all linked by a common belief that the Western world is being subjected to takeover by Muslims.
Traditional courtship in the Philippines is described as a "far more subdued and indirect", asiandatingzone.com approach compared to Western or Westernized cultures.
Cousin marriage is marriage between cousins (i.e. people with common grandparents or people who share other fairly recent ancestors).
The cow protection movement has been a religious and political movement aiming to protect the cows, whose slaughter has been broadly opposed by Hindus, Buddhists, Jains and Sikhs.
The status of creation and evolution in public education has been the subject of substantial debate and conflict in legal, political, and religious circles.
The "creation of man from clay" is a miraculous birth theme that recurs throughout world religions and mythologies.
Creationism is the religious belief that the universe and life originated "from specific acts of divine creation",Gunn 2004, p. 9, "The Concise Oxford Dictionary says that creationism is 'the belief that the universe and living organisms originated from specific acts of divine creation.'" as opposed to the scientific conclusion that they came about through natural processes.
A creator deity or creator god (often called the Creator) is a deity or god responsible for the creation of the Earth, world, and universe in human mythology.
Creighton Lee Lovelace (born December 15, 1981) is Pastor of Danieltown Baptist Church in Forest City, North Carolina.
There is a low rate of crime in Bahrain.
The criticism of Hadith refers to the critique directed towards collections of ahadith, i.e. the collections of reports of the words, actions, and the silent approval of the Islamic prophet Muhammad on any matter.
Criticism of Islam has existed since its formative stages.
The ideas and practices of the leaders, preachers, and movements of the Islamic revival movement known as Islamism (also known as Political Islam), have been criticized by Muslims (often Islamic modernists and liberals) and non-Muslims.
Criticism of Judaism refers to criticism of Jewish religious doctrines, texts, laws and practices.
Criticism of Muhammad has existed since the 7th century, when Muhammad was decried by his non-Muslim Arab contemporaries for preaching monotheism, and by the Jewish tribes of Arabia for his unwarranted appropriation of Biblical narratives and figures and vituperation of the Jewish faith, proclaiming himself as "the last prophet" without performing any miracle nor showing any personal requirement demanded in the Hebrew Bible to distinguish a true prophet chosen by the God of Israel from a false claimant; for these reasons, they gave him the derogatory nickname ha-Meshuggah (מְשֻׁגָּע, "the Madman" or "the Possessed").
Pope John Paul II was criticised, amongst other things, for lack of any response to sex abuse of children in the Church.
Criticism of religion is criticism of the ideas, the truth, or the practice of religion, including its political and social implications.
Sikhism has been criticized in one way or another by proponents of other theories.
The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) took its present form on 1 January 1927 when Sir John Reith became its first Director General.
The Quran is viewed to be the scriptural foundation of Islam and is believed by Muslims to have been revealed, without issue, to Muhammad by the angel Gabriel.
Criticism of Twelver Shia Islam dates from the initial rift between the two primary denominations of Islam, the Sunni and the Shia.
Criticism of globalization is skepticism of the claimed benefits of globalization.
The Crossing of the Red Sea (Hebrew: קריעת ים סוף Kriat Yam Suph - Crossing of the Red Sea or Sea of Reeds) is part of the biblical narrative of the Exodus, the escape of the Israelites, led by Moses, from the pursuing Egyptians in the Book of Exodus.
The Crusade of Barbastro (also known as the Siege of Barbastro or War of Barbastro) was an international expedition, sanctioned by Pope Alexander II, to take the Spanish city of Barbastro, then part of the Hudid Emirate of Lārida.
Crush is the second and final Korean studio album by South Korean girl group 2NE1. The single was released digitally at midnight local time on February 14, 2014. It is the group's first album release since 2011's 2nd Mini Album and second full-length album following 2010's To Anyone. Production of the album was handled mainly by Teddy with contributions from Choice 37, Dee.P, Masta Wu, Choi Pil Kang and Peejay as well as the group's leader, CL. Lyrics were written mainly by Teddy Park and CL, with contributions from Big Bang's G-Dragon and Choi Pil Kang. The album is classified as pop, but features elements of other genres, such as R&B, dance, hip hop, reggae and electronic music. This was 2NE1's last release to feature Minzy as a member of the group before her departure in 2016. Crush was named the sixth best pop album of 2014 by Rolling Stonehttps://www.rollingstone.com/music/lists/20-best-pop-albums-of-2014-20141219/2ne1-crush-20141217 and one of the best 40 pop albums of 2014 by Fuse.http://www.fuse.tv/2014/12/best-of-2014-albums#39 The album also ranked at number 11 on Billboards year-end World Album's list, marking the first time a k-pop band has placed on the chart since its inception.
The Crypt of Civilization is a sealed airtight chamber built between 1937 and 1940 at Oglethorpe University in Brookhaven, Georgia, in Metro Atlanta.
Alexander the Great's accomplishments and legacy have been preserved and depicted in many ways.
Elephants have been depicted in mythology, symbolism and popular culture.
The Cultural Revolution, formally the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, was a sociopolitical movement in China from 1966 until 1976.
The Cultural Revolution (or People's Revolution) in Libya was a period of political and social change in Libya.
The word "menstruation" is etymologically related to "moon".
The Culture of Azerbaijan (Azerbaijani:Azərbaycan mədəniyyəti) developed under the influence of Iranian, Turkic and Caucasian heritage as well as Russian influences due to its former status as a Soviet republic.
The culture of Bahrain is part of the historical region of Eastern Arabia.
The Culture of Basilan are derived from the three main cultural ethnolinguistic nations, the Yakan, Suluanon Tausug and the Zamboangueño in the southern Philippines.
The culture of Bosnia and Herzegovina encompasses the country's ancient heritage, architecture, literature, visual arts, music, cinema, sports and cuisine.
The Culture of Gujarat is both ancient and modern.
Iraq has one of the world's oldest cultural histories.
The roots of the culture of Israel developed long before modern Israel's independence in 1948 and traces back to ancient Israel (1000 BCE).
The culture of Liberia reflects this nation's diverse ethnicities and long history.
The society and culture of Pakistan (ثقافتِ پاکستان) comprises numerous ethnic groups: the Punjabis, Saraikis, Pothwaris, Kashmiris, Sindhis in east, Makrani in the south; Baloch, Hazaras and Pashtuns in the west; and the Dards, Wakhi, Baltis, Shinaki and Burusho communities in the north.
The cultural setting of Saudi Arabia is Arab and Islam.
The Culture of Sindh (سنڌ جي ثقافت,سندھ کی ثقافت) has its roots in the Indus Valley Civilization.
The term Caribbean culture summarises the artistic, musical, literary, culinary, political and social elements that are representative of the Caribbean people all over the world.
Tunisian culture is a product of more than three thousand years of history and an important multi-ethnic influx.
The Culture series is a science fiction series written by Scottish author Iain M. Banks.
The curse of 39 is the belief, in some parts of Afghanistan, that the number 39 is cursed or a badge of shame as it is purportedly linked with prostitution.
The Curse of Ham refers to the supposed curse upon Canaan, Ham's son, that was imposed by the biblical patriarch Noah.
The Curtis Culwell Center attack was carried out by two Americans from Arizona who attacked officers with gunfire at the entrance to an exhibit featuring cartoon images of Muhammad at the Curtis Culwell Center in Garland, Texas on May 3, 2015.
Extremely Severe Cyclonic Storm Hudhud was a strong tropical cyclone that caused extensive damage and loss of life in eastern India and Nepal during October 2014.
Cypress Tomb, also known as Saruwala Maqbara (Urdu), is an early 18th century tomb located in Begumpura, Lahore, Pakistan.
Cyrus II of Persia (𐎤𐎢𐎽𐎢𐏁 Kūruš; New Persian: کوروش Kuruš;; c. 600 – 530 BC), commonly known as Cyrus the Great  and also called Cyrus the Elder by the Greeks, was the founder of the Achaemenid Empire, the first Persian Empire.
Cyrus the Great in the Quran is a theory that holds that the character of Dhul-Qarnayn, mentioned in the Quran, should be identified with Cyrus the Great, or at least he is a better fit than the other proposed figures.
Daayiee Abdullah (born Sidney Thompson in 1954 in Detroit, Michigan, United States) is an African American, gay Imam in Washington, D.C. Abdullah is said to be one of four openly gay Imams in the world (the others being Muhsin Hendricks of South Africa, Ludovic Mohamed-Zahed of France and El-Farouk Khaki of Toronto's el-Tawhid Juma Circle/The Unity Mosque) Abdullah operated the Al-Fatiha Foundation until it closed in 2011.
The name dabbe means an animal or a creature, often a baby animal in Classical Arabic and a baby camel in a still more specific sense.
Mana Sitti Habib Jamaladdin (مانا ستي حبيب جمال الدين) (1810s – 15 July 1919), commonly known as Dada Masiti ("Grandmother Masiti"), was an Ashraf poet, mystic and Islamic scholar.
ــٰ The dagger alif or superscript alif (ألف خنجرية) is written as a short vertical stroke on top of an Arabic letter.
Dainkwan is a village panchayat located in the tehsill Nurpur, and district Kangra.
The International Festival of Young Musicians – DAM Festival Pristina is one of the most prominent cultural events taking place in the capital city of the Republic of Kosovo, Pristina.
The University of Damascus (جامعة دمشق, Jāmi‘atu Dimashq) is the largest and oldest university in Syria, located in the capital Damascus and has campuses in other Syrian cities.
Daniel is the hero of the biblical Book of Daniel.
Daniel al-Kumisi (? in Damagan, Tabaristan – 946, in Jerusalem) was one of the most prominent early scholars of Karaite Judaism.
Daniel Bambang Dwi Byantoro (Chinese name "Chao Heung Jin (Cáo Héngjìn 曹衡进)") (born in Java, 1956) is an Indonesian archimandrite as well as founder of Indonesia Orthodox Church.
Daniel (Arabic: دانيال, Daniyal) is usually considered by Muslims to have been a prophet.
Daniel L. Smith-Christopher (born 1955) is an American Biblical theologian and author.
Daniel Patrick Boyd (born 1970, also known as Saifullah) is an American who in July 2009 was convicted for his participation in a jihadist terrorist cell in North Carolina.
Daniel Pipes (born September 9, 1949) is an American historian, writer, and commentator.
Daniel Scot (born 15 December 1956) is a Christian missionary in Australia.
The Dar Al-Hijrah Islamic Center (مركز دار الهجرة الاسلامي, Land of Migration) is an open mosque in Northern Virginia.
Dār al-Iftā' al-Miṣriyyah (دار الإفتاء المصرية) is an Egyptian educational institute and government body founded to represent Islam and a center for Islamic legal research since its establishment in 1313 AH/1895 CE.
Dar Ul Mominien Schooling System, known as DMSS, is a higher secondary school located in Lahore, Pakistan, that offers Quranic Education (Hifz) with O-A level.
Dara Shukoh, also known as Dara Shikoh (دارا شِکوہ), (20 March 1615 – 30 August 1659), was the eldest son and heir-apparent of the fifth Mughal emperor Shah Jahan.
Darius I (Old Persian: Dārayava(h)uš, New Persian: rtl Dāryuš;; c. 550–486 BCE) was the fourth king of the Persian Achaemenid Empire.
Dariyabad is a town and a aadharsh nagar panchayat in Barabanki district in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India.
Darkness, the polar opposite to brightness, is understood as a lack of illumination or an absence of visible light.
The Darod (Daarood, دارود) is a Somali clan.
Jamia Darul Uloom Karachi (جامعہ دارالعلوم کراچی, Jāmi‘ah-yi Dāru’l-‘Ulūm-i Karāchī; جامعة دار العلوم كراتشي, Jāmi‘ah Dār al-‘Ulūm Karātshī) is an Islamic seminary in Karachi, Pakistan.
Darul Huda Islamic University (DHIU) is an Islamic university based at Malappuram in Kerala state of India.
Darul Uloom Al-Madania is a private Islamic Seminary in Buffalo, New York that is devoted to producing Islamic scholars and Huffaz.
Darvishan is a town in the southern province of Helmand in Afghanistan.
Dastgeer Sahib is a Sufi shrine located in Khaniyar, Srinagar, Jammu and kashmir, India.
Data Darbar (also spelt Data Durbar), located in the city of Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan is the largest Sufi shrine in South Asia.
Phoenix dactylifera, commonly known as date or date palm, is a flowering plant species in the palm family, Arecaceae, cultivated for its edible sweet fruit.
Datu is a title which denotes the rulers (variously described in historical accounts as chiefs, sovereign princes, and monarchsFor more information about the social system of the Indigenous Philippine society before the Spanish colonization see Barangay in Enciclopedia Universal Ilustrada Europea-Americana, Madrid: Espasa-Calpe, S. A., 1991, Vol. VII, p.624: Los nobles de un barangay eran los más ricos ó los más fuertes, formándose por este sistema los dattos ó maguinoos, principes á quienes heredaban los hijos mayores, las hijas á falta de éstos, ó los parientes más próximos si no tenían descendencia directa; pero siempre teniendo en cuenta las condiciones de fuerza ó de dinero.) of numerous indigenous peoples throughout the Philippine archipelago.
Dave Sim (born 17 May 1956) is a Canadian cartoonist and publisher, best known for his comic book Cerebus, his artistic experimentation, his advocacy of self-publishing and creator's rights, and his controversial political, philosophical and religious beliefs.
Daveed Gartenstein-Ross is an American counter-terrorism scholar and analyst.
David is described in the Hebrew Bible as the second king of the United Kingdom of Israel and Judah.
David is a common masculine given name of Biblical Hebrew origin, as King David is a character of central importance in the Hebrew Bible and in Christian, Jewish and Islamic religious tradition.
David Frank Ford (born 23 January 1948, Dublin) is an academic and public theologian.
The biblical David (Dā’ūd or Dāwūd), who was, according to the Hebrew Bible, the second king of the United Kingdom of Israel and Judah, reigning in –970 BCE, is also venerated in Islam as a prophet and messenger of God, and as a righteous, divinely-anointed monarch of the ancient United Kingdom of Israel, which itself is revered in Islam.
David Penchansky is a professor in the field of Hebrew Bible.
(also daawa or daawah; دعوة "invitation") is the proselytizing or preaching of Islam.
Dawat-e-Islami is a non-political Islamic organization based in Pakistan.
Sir Dawda Kairaba Jawara, GCMG (born 16 May 1924) is a Gambian politician who was a significant national leader of The Gambia, serving as its Prime Minister from 1962 to 1970, and then as its first President from 1970 to 1994.
Davi (also spelled as Dawi, Daavi or Daway) is a Gharghasht Pashtun tribe and the brother of the Kakar tribe.
The Dawoodi Bohras are a sect within the Ismā'īlī branch of Shia Islam.
Dawud bin Ali bin Khalaf al-Zahiri (815–883/4 CE) was a Muslim scholar of Islamic law during the Islamic Golden Age, specializing in the fields of Hermeneutics, Biographical evaluation, and historiography.
Dawud Wharnsby (born David Howard Wharnsby on June 27, 1972) is a Canadian Universalist Muslim singer-songwriter, poet, performer, educator and television personality.
Dédougou is a department or commune of Mouhoun Province in western Burkina Faso.
Mehmed Džemaludin ef. Čaušević (Arebica: مُحَمَّدٌ جَمَالُالدِّينِ أف. چاۆشهوٖىݘ, Cyrillic: Мехмед Џемалудин еф. Чаушевић; 28 December 1870 – 28 March 1938) was a Bosnian Muslim reformer and imam.
Deaf Dumb Blind (Summun Bukmun Umyun) is an album by the American jazz saxophonist Pharoah Sanders.
This article is about death in the different cultures around the world as well as ethical issues relating to death, such as martyrdom, suicide and euthanasia.
On August 22, 2011, Canadian New Democratic Party leader and Leader of the Opposition Jack Layton died from an unspecified, newly diagnosed cancer.
The state funeral of King Hussein took place in Amman on 8 February 1999.
Death and the Dervish (Derviš i smrt/Дервиш и смрт) is a novel by Meša Selimović, published in 1966.
Debt collection is the process of pursuing payments of debts owed by individuals or businesses.
Debt relief or debt cancellation is the partial or total forgiveness of debt, or the slowing or stopping of debt growth, owed by individuals, corporations, or nations.
The December 2009 Rawalpindi attack in Rawalpindi, Pakistan was a terrorist attack on a mosque during Friday prayers on 4 December 2009.
A definition of the term music – a statement of the word's meaning – endeavors to give an accurate and concise explanation of music's basic attributes or essential nature.
Demico Boothe is an African-American bestselling author of several books.
The Democratic Republic of Afghanistan (DRA; جمهوری دمکراتی افغانستان,; دافغانستان دمکراتی جمهوریت), renamed in 1987 to the Republic of Afghanistan (جمهوری افغانستان;; د افغانستان جمهوریت), commonly known as Afghanistan (Pashto/Dari:, Afġānistān), existed from 1978 to 1992 and covers the period when the socialist People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan (PDPA) ruled Afghanistan.
Pakistan's latest estimated population is 207,774,520 (excluding the autonomous regions of Azad Jammu and Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan).
Al-Baqi cemetery, the oldest and one of the two most important Islamic graveyards located in Medina, in current-day Saudi Arabia, was demolished in 1806 and, following reconstruction in the mid-19th century, was destroyed again in 1925 or 1926.
The demolition or burning of Masjid al-Dirar (مسجد الضرار), also referred to as the Mosque of Opposition or the Mosque of Dissent is mentioned in the Qur'an.
Demonic possession is believed by some, to be the process by which individuals are possessed by malevolent preternatural beings, commonly referred to as demons or devils.
Denise Masson (5 August 1901 – 10 November 1994), nicknamed "the Lady of Mrrakech", was a 20th-century French islamologist who translated the Quran from Arabic into French, published in 1967.
Denise A. Spellberg (born c. 1958) is an American scholar of Islamic history.
Denmark–Syria relations are foreign relations between Denmark and Syria.
The permissibility of depictions of Muhammad in Islam has been a contentious issue.
A dervish or darvesh (from درویش, Darvīsh) is someone guiding a Sufi Muslim ascetic down a path or "tariqah", known for their extreme poverty and austerity.
The desert locust (Schistocerca gregaria) is a species of locust.
Desmond Mpilo Tutu (born 7 October 1931) is a South African Anglican cleric and theologian known for his work as an anti-apartheid and human rights activist.
Despondence (قنوط) is one of the Major sins in Islam.
Destiny Church, a Pentecostal fundamentalist Christian movement, has its headquarters in Auckland, New Zealand.
The Constitutional Liberal Party (الحزب الحر الدستوري), most commonly known as Destour, was a Tunisian political party, founded in 1920, which had as its goal to liberate Tunisia from French colonial control.
Deliberate destruction and theft of cultural heritage has been conducted by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant since 2014 in Iraq, Syria, and to a lesser extent in Libya.
A devil (from Greek: διάβολος diábolos "slanderer, accuser") is the personification and archetype of evil in various cultures.
Devotional objects (also, devotional articles, devotional souvenirs, devotional artifacts) are religious souvenirs (figurines, pictures, votive candles, books, amulets, and others), owned and carried by the faithful, who see them as imbued with spiritual values, and use them for votive offering.
In Islamic law (or zabiha, ذَبِيْحَة, 'slaughter'(noun)) is the prescribed method of ritual slaughter of all lawful halal animals.
Dhafer Youssef (ظافر يوسف; born 19 November 1967 in Teboulba, Tunisia) is a composer, singer and oud player.
Dhikr (also Zikr, Zekr, Zikir, Jikir, and variants; ḏikr; plural أذكار aḏkār, meaning "mentioning") is the name of devotional acts in Islam in which short phrases or prayers are repeatedly recited silently within the mind or aloud.
Dhimah H. Goldsmith (August 25, 1900 – April 18, 1974) was a dancer of Egyptian ethnicity whose first New York City appearance was at the Guild Theatre on May 13, 1928.
A (ذمي,, collectively أهل الذمة / "the people of the dhimma") is a historical term referring to non-Muslims living in an Islamic state with legal protection.
Dhu'l-Hijjah or alternatively Zulhijja (ذو الحجة; properly transliterated, also called Zil-Hajj) is the twelfth and final month in the Islamic calendar.
Dhul-Kifl, or Zul-Kifl (Classical/ Qur'anic Arabic: ذَا ٱلْكِفْل / ذُو ٱلْكِفْل; "Possessor of a Fold") (c. 600 BCE) is an Islamic prophet who has been identified with various Hebrew Bible prophets, most commonly Ezekiel.
Dhul-Qarnayn, (ذو القرنين), or Zulqarnayn, "he of the two horns" (or figuratively “he of the two ages”), appears in Surah 18 verses 83-101 of the Quran as a figure empowered by Allah to erect a wall between mankind and Gog and Magog, the representation of chaos.
The term dialect (from Latin,, from the Ancient Greek word,, "discourse", from,, "through" and,, "I speak") is used in two distinct ways to refer to two different types of linguistic phenomena.
A dialect continuum or dialect chain is a spread of language varieties spoken across some geographical area such that neighbouring varieties differ only slightly, but the differences accumulate over distance so that widely separated varieties are not mutually intelligible.
Diana Haddad (ديانا حداد) (born 1 October 1976) is a Lebanese singer and television personality who also holds an Emirati citizenship and is based in the United Arab Emirates.
Dibaj (ديباج, also Romanized as Dibadj; formerly known as Qal‘eh (Persian: قلعه), Chahārdeh, Chārdeh, and Chehārdeh) is a city in the Central District of Damghan County, Semnan Province, Iran.
A dictionary, sometimes known as a wordbook, is a collection of words in one or more specific languages, often arranged alphabetically (or by radical and stroke for ideographic languages), which may include information on definitions, usage, etymologies, pronunciations, translation, etc.
Dieter Herbert Nuhr (born October 29, 1960 in Wesel, North Rhine-Westphalia) is a German comedian, carbaret artist, author and television presenter.
This is a growing comparison chart between the three largest branches of Islam: Sunni, Shia and Ibadi.
The term digital Quran is used to refer to the text of the Qur'an processed or distributed as an electronic text, or more specifically to an electronic device dedicated to displaying the text of the Qur'an and playing digital recordings of Qur'an readings.
Digitization, at WhatIs.com in Collins English Dictionary less commonly digitalization, is the process of converting information into a digital (i.e. computer-readable) format, in which the information is organized into bits.
Dikka (from دكة dikka) is a term in Muslim architecture for a tribune raised upon columns from which the Quran is recited and prayers are intoned by the imam of a mosque.
Din (Dīn, also anglicized as Deen) is an Arabic word that roughly means "creed" or "religion".
Dina Wadia (15 August 1919 – 2 November 2017) was the daughter and only child of the founder of Pakistan, Muhammad Ali Jinnah and his wife Rattanbai Petit.
Muhammad (c. 22 April, 571–11 June, 632) is documented as having engaged as a diplomat during his propagation of Islam and leadership over the growing Muslim Ummah (community).
In Turkey, the Directorate of Religious Affairs (Diyanet İşleri Başkanlığı, normally referred to simply as the Diyanet) is an official state institution established in 1924 under article 136 of the Constitution of Turkey by the Grand National Assembly of Turkey as a successor to the Shaykh al-Islām after the abolition of the Ottoman Caliphate.
Disability in Saudi Arabia is seen through the lens of Islamic Sharia, through cultural norms and also through legislation.
The Qur'anic account of the disciples (الحواريون al-ḥawāriyyūn) of Jesus does not include their names, numbers, or any detailed accounts of their lives.
Discrimination against atheists, both at present and historically, includes the persecution of those identifying themselves or labeled by others as atheists, as well as the discrimination against them.
There are a number of uncertainties and disputed issues in the early history of Islam.
The divine countenance is the face of God.
Divine inspiration is the concept of a supernatural force, typically a deity, causing a person or people to experience a creative desire.
Divine language, the language of the gods, or, in monotheism, the language of God (or angels) is the concept of a mystical or divine proto-language, which predates and supersedes human speech.
Divine retribution is supernatural punishment of a person, a group of people, or everyone by a deity in response to some action.
The Arabic singular form dar (دار), translated literally, may mean "house", "abode", "structure", "place", "land", or "country".
Divorce in Islam can take a variety of forms, some initiated by the husband and some initiated by the wife.
The Diwan, or Divan (دیوان), is a collection of poems written and compiled by Nasir Khusraw (1004–1088 AD).
Diya (دية; plural diyāt, ديات) in Islamic law, is the financial compensation paid to the victim or heirs of a victim in the cases of murder, bodily harm or property damage.
Djohan Effendi (October 1, 1939 – November 17, 2017) was the Secretary of State of Indonesia, under President Abdurrahman Wahid from 2000 to 2001.
Dlawer Ala'Aldeen (born 1960) دلاوهر عبدالعزيز علاءالدين, is the Founding President of the Middle East Research Institute, a policy-research institute, based in Erbil, Kurdistan Region of Iraq.
In Christianity, docetism (from the Greek δοκεῖν/δόκησις dokeĩn (to seem) dókēsis (apparition, phantom), is the doctrine that the phenomenon of Christ, his historical and bodily existence, and above all the human form of Jesus, was mere semblance without any true reality. Broadly it is taken as the belief that Jesus only seemed to be human, and that his human form was an illusion. The word Δοκηταί Dokētaí (illusionists) referring to early groups who denied Jesus' humanity, first occurred in a letter by Bishop Serapion of Antioch (197–203), who discovered the doctrine in the Gospel of Peter, during a pastoral visit to a Christian community using it in Rhosus, and later condemned it as a forgery. It appears to have arisen over theological contentions concerning the meaning, figurative or literal, of a sentence from the Gospel of John: "the Word was made Flesh". Docetism was unequivocally rejected at the First Council of Nicaea in 325. and is regarded as heretical by the Catholic Church, Orthodox Church, Coptic Church and many other Christian denominations that accept and hold to the statements of these early church councils.
The Dome of the Rock (قبة الصخرة Qubbat al-Sakhrah, כיפת הסלע Kippat ha-Sela) is an Islamic shrine located on the Temple Mount in the Old City of Jerusalem.
Domestic discipline most commonly refers to as the practice of fully consensual corporal discipline between two competent adult partners in a relationship, but also may refer to:;General topics.
Domestic violence (also named domestic abuse or family violence) is violence or other abuse by one person against another in a domestic setting, such as in marriage or cohabitation.
Dorothy Louise Eady, also known as Omm Sety or Om Seti (16 January 1904 – 21 April 1981), was keeper of the Abydos Temple of Seti I and draughtswoman for the Department of Egyptian Antiquities.
Dorsal consonants are articulated with the back of the tongue (the dorsum).
Dost Mohammad Khan (c. 1657–1728) was the founder of the Bhopal State in central India.
In July 2010, Terry Jones, the pastor of the Christian Dove World Outreach Center in Gainesville, Florida, U.S., announced he would burn 200 Qurans on the 2010 anniversary of the September 11 attacks.
A dragoman was an interpreter, translator, and official guide between Turkish, Arabic, and Persian-speaking countries and polities of the Middle East and European embassies, consulates, vice-consulates and trading posts.
Dream interpretation is the process of assigning meaning to dreams.
Drinking culture refers to the customs and practices associated with the consumption of alcoholic beverages.
Du‘ā' Karāwī is a Nizari Isma'ili ceremony during which the Ismaili ask God for his forgiveness through the "Imam of the Time".
In the terminology of Islam, (دُعَاء, plural: أدْعِيَة; archaically transliterated Doowa), literally meaning "invocation", is an act of supplication.
Duba (ضبا) is a small city on the northern Red Sea coast, of Saudi Arabia.
The Dubai International Holy Quran Award (جائزة دبي الدولية للقرآن الكريم) is an annual award given for memorization of the Qur'an sponsored by the government of Dubai.
(دُنْيا) is originally an Arabic word that was passed to many other languages such as Persian, Dari, Pashto, Bengali, Punjabi, Urdu, Hindi, Assamese, Sylheti, Javanese, Kurdish, Nepali, Turkish, Arumanian, North-Caucasian languages, Malay, Swahili, and Indonesian.
Al-Durr Al-Manthur Fi Tafsir Bil-Ma'thur (lit) is a Sunni tafsir (exegesis or commentary of the Qur'an, the holy book of Islam) recognized as authoritative, written by the prominent Imam Jalal al-Din al-Suyuti (d. 911 AH (1505 AD), who also co-wrote the Tafsir al-Jalalayn. The exegesis explains each passage of the Qur'an by the reports and narrations from the Islamic prophet Muhammad, his Companions and the immediate generations following the Companions. Suyuti compiled all the reports and narrations that he could gather for each particular passage - even contradictory reports, as can be seen in the narrations gathered explaining verse 33:33.
The Durupınar site is a large aggregate structure on Mount Tendürek in eastern Turkey.
Dutty Boukman (Also known as "Boukman Dutty") (died 7 November 1791) was an early leader of the Haitian Revolution, enslaved in Jamaica and later in Haiti.
Dwight D. York (born June 26, 1945Philips, Abu Ameenah Bilal. The Ansar Cult in America, Tawheed Publications 1988, p. 1. Philips claims that in 1975 York's publications changed his declared birth year from 1935 to 1945, to coincide with the 100th anniversary of the birth of The Mahdi, who is popularly believed to have been born in 1845.), also known as Malachi Z. York, Issa Al Haadi Al Mahdi, Dr.
Dzhokhar Anzorovich "Jahar" Tsarnaev (Kyrgyz: Джохар Царнаев) (born July 22, 1993)Джоха́р Анзо́рович Царна́ев; Царнаев Анзор-кIант ДжовхӀар or ЖовхӀар Carnayev Anzor-khant Dƶovhar is a Kyrgyzstani-American convicted terrorist of Chechen descent May 23, 2013 (New York Times) who was convicted of planting bombs at the Boston Marathon on April 15, 2013, along with his brother Tamerlan Tsarnaev.
e-rara.ch is a Swiss digital library dedicated to providing free online access to rare antique Swiss books and prints.
Deshamanya Edwin Loku Bandara Hurulle (Sinhala: එඩ්වින් ලොකු බණඩාර හුරුල්ලේ) (19 January 1919 – 6 April 2009) (known as E. L. B. Hurulle) was a Sri Lankan Member of Parliament, diplomat and Provincial Governor who served as Cabinet Minister of Communications in Prime Minister Dudley Senanayake's Government and Cabinet Minister of Cultural Affairs under President J. R. Jayewardene's Government.
Early Islamic philosophy or classical Islamic philosophy is a period of intense philosophical development beginning in the 2nd century AH of the Islamic calendar (early 9th century CE) and lasting until the 6th century AH (late 12th century CE).
Habib Bourguiba was officially born on August 3, 1903, in Monastir to Ali Bourguiba (1850–1925) and Fattouma Khefacha (1861–1913).
See also: Ancient literature, 10th century in literature, list of years in literature.
The early Muslim conquests (الفتوحات الإسلامية, al-Futūḥāt al-Islāmiyya) also referred to as the Arab conquests and early Islamic conquests began with the Islamic prophet Muhammad in the 7th century.
The Early Muslim-Meccan Conflict refer to a series of raids in which the Islamic prophet Muhammed and his companions participated.
In Muslim tradition, the text of the Quran is traditionally said to have been united into its extant form during the reign of the third caliph Uthman (r. 644–656).
Many social changes took place under Islam between 610 and 661, including the period of Muhammad's mission and the rule of his four immediate successors who established the Rashidun Caliphate.
The East London Mosque (ELM), situated in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets between Whitechapel and Aldgate.
The East Plano Islamic Center (EPIC Masjid) is a Masjid located in Plano, Texas.
East–West Highway (Lebuhraya Timur–Barat or Jalan Raya Timur–Barat, (JRTB)) or also known as Gerik–Jeli Highway (Phase 1), Kulim–Baling Highway and Titi Karangan–Gerik Highway (both are part of Phase 2), Federal Route 4, Asian Highway Route 140 is the federal highway constructed by the Malaysian Public Works Department (JKR) to shorten the journey from Kota Bharu, Kelantan to northwestern towns and cities of Malaysia such as Alor Star, Kedah and Penang.
Eastern Arabia was historically known as Bahrain (البحرين) until the 18th century.
Eber (ISO 259-3 ʕeber, Standard Hebrew Éver, Tiberian Hebrew ʻĒḇer, Arabic ʿĀbir) is an ancestor of the Israelites and the Ishmaelites, according to the "Table of Nations" in and.
Mufti Ebrahim Desai is a prominent South African Mufti of Indian origin- and a teacher of Islamic law.
Ebussuud Efendi (Turkish: Mehmed Ebussuûd Efendi, b. 30 December 1490 – d. 23 August 1574İsmail Hâmi Danişmend, Osmanlı Devlet Erkânı, Türkiye Yayınevi, İstanbul, 1971, p. 114.) was a Hanafi Ottoman jurist and Qur'an exegete.
Economic history of the Arab world addresses the history of economic activity in the Arabic-speaking countries stretching from the Atlantic Ocean in the west to the Arabian Sea in the east, and from the Mediterranean Sea in the north to the Horn of Africa and the Indian Ocean in the southeast from the time of its origins in the Arabian peninsula and spread in the 7th century CE Muslim conquests and since.
The economy of Saudi Arabia is dependent on oil and has strong government control over major economic activities.
Ecospirituality connects the science of ecology with spirituality.
Mohamed "Ed" Husain (born 25 December 1974) is a writer, adjunct senior fellow for Middle Eastern studies at the Council on Foreign Relations in New York, and a former senior advisor at the Tony Blair Faith Foundation.
Edham Nurredin Hušić (born 3 February 1970) is an Australian politician who is a member of the Australian House of Representatives, elected to represent the seat of Chifley in western Sydney for the Australian Labor Party at the 2010 federal election.
Edip Yuksel (born December 20, 1957 in Norşîn, Turkey) is a Kurdish American intellectual and professor of philosophy.
In classical scholarship, the editio princeps (plural: editiones principes) of a work is the first printed edition of the work, that previously had existed only in manuscripts, which could be circulated only after being copied by hand.
Education for Death: The Making of the Nazi is an animated propaganda short film produced by Walt Disney Productions and released on January 15, 1943, by RKO Radio Pictures, directed by Clyde Geronimi and principally animated by Ward Kimball.
Bahrain has the oldest public education system in the Arabian Peninsula.
Education in Chad is challenging due to the nation's dispersed population and a certain degree of reluctance on the part of parents to send their children to school.
Egypt has the largest overall education system in Africa, and it has grown rapidly since the early 1990s.
Education in Iran is centralized and divided into K-12 education plus higher education.
Education in Islam is a concept based on verses of the Quran as well as hadiths that emphasize the positive benefits to be gained from the acquisition of knowledge.
Karachi's educational system is divided into five levels: primary (grades one through five); middle (grades six through eight); high (grades nine and ten, leading to the Secondary School Certificate); intermediate (grades eleven and twelve, leading to a Higher Secondary School Certificate); and university programs leading to graduate and advanced degrees.
The State of Kuwait, located at the head of the Persian Gulf, supports an educational policy that seeks to provide opportunity to all children, irrespective of their social class, including children with special needs.
The first system of public education in Mauritania was established by the French colonial administration.
The education system in Qatar is jointly directed and controlled by the Supreme Education Council (SEC) and the Ministry of Education (MOE) at all levels.
Traditionally children aged three and up in the Maldives were educated in traditional schools known as "edhurge", generally using a single large room or the shelter of tree.
Education in Turkey is governed by a national system which was established in accordance with the Atatürk Reforms after the Turkish War of Independence.
The Government of Yemen has made the development of education system its top priority.
Edward Henry Palmer (7 August 1840 – August 1882) — known as E.H. Palmer — was an English orientalist and explorer.
Edward William Lane (17 September 1801 – 10 August 1876) was a British Orientalist, translator and lexicographer.
Egalitarianism – or equalitarianism – is a school of thought that prioritizes equality for all people.
Egrikapili Mehmed Rasim Efendi (b. 1687-d. May 13, 1756) was an Ottoman calligrapher.
The Eyalet of Egypt was the result of the conquest of Mamluk Egypt by the Ottoman Empire in 1517, following the Ottoman–Mamluk War (1516–1517) and the absorption of Syria into the Empire in 1516.
Egyptian Arabic, locally known as the Egyptian colloquial language or Masri, also spelled Masry, meaning simply "Egyptian", is spoken by most contemporary Egyptians.
Egyptian hip hop is a form of hip hop music in Egypt which draws inspiration from both regional and global events.
The Egyptian National Library and Archives (دار الكتب والوثائق القومية; "Dar el-Kotob") in Cairo is the largest library in Egypt.
Ehsan Jami (born April 20, 1985) is an Iranian-born Iranian-Dutch politician.
Ehsanullah is a citizen of Afghanistan who was held in extrajudicial detention in the United States Guantanamo Bay detention camps, in Cuba.
Eid al-Fitr (عيد الفطر) is an important religious holiday celebrated by Muslims worldwide that marks the end of Ramadan, the Islamic holy month of fasting (sawm).
Eid in the Square is an annual Muslim festival held the first Saturday after the Islamic religious holiday of Eid al-Fitr at Trafalgar Square in Westminster, London, England.
El Hadj Mamadou Saliou Camara is the Grand Imam of Guinea, and the country's highest cleric.
eL Seed is a French/Tunisian artist born in Paris in 1981, eL Seed's intricate compositions call not only on the words and their meaning but also on their movement, which ultimately lures the viewer into a different state of mind.
Elahi Ardabili (الهی اردبیلی) (Kamāl al-Dīn Ḥusayn al-Ilāhī al-Ardabīlī, died 1543 CE) was an Iranian author and scholar.
The Election Commission of Pakistan (انتخابی دفتر پاکستان), is an independent, autonomous, permanent and constitutionally established federal body responsible for organizing and conducting of elections to state parliament, provincial legislatures, local governments, elections to the office of President of Pakistan, delimitation of constituencies and preparation of Electoral Rolls.
In the run-up to, during and after the Turkish general election of June 2015, numerous accusations of electoral fraud and violence were made by opposition parties.
Elenovo (Еленово, Elenovo; Fülbeler) is a village in North-Eastern Bulgaria, situated in the Popovo Municipality, Targovishte Province.
Elijah (meaning "My God is Yahu/Jah") or latinized form Elias (Ἡλίας, Elías; ܐܸܠܝܼܵܐ, Elyāe; Arabic: إلياس or إليا, Ilyās or Ilyā) was, according to the Books of Kings in the Hebrew Bible, a prophet and a miracle worker who lived in the northern kingdom of Israel during the reign of King Ahab (9th century BC).
Elijah, Eliya, or Elias of Nisibis (11February 975– 18July 1046) was a Nestorian cleric who served as bishop of Beth Nuhadra (1002–1008) and archbishop of Nisibis (1008–1046).
Elisha (Greek: Ἐλισαῖος, Elisaîos or Ἐλισαιέ, Elisaié) was, according to the Hebrew Bible, a prophet and a wonder-worker.
Elizabeth, also spelled Elisabeth (Greek Ἐλισάβετ) or Elisheba (from the Hebrew אֱלִישֶׁבַע / אֱלִישָׁבַע "My God has sworn"; Standard Hebrew Elišévaʿ Elišávaʿ, Tiberian Hebrew ʾĔlîšéḇaʿ ʾĔlîšāḇaʿ; Arabic أليصابات, Alyassabat), was the mother of John the Baptist and the wife of Zechariah, according to the Gospel of Luke.
Ellery Schempp (born Ellory Schempp, August 5, 1940) is a physicist and is known for being the primary student involved in the landmark 1963 United States Supreme Court decision of Abington School District v. Schempp which declared that required public school sanctioned Bible readings were unconstitutional.
Elmalı is a town and district in Antalya Province, the Mediterranean region of Turkey.
Emed Akel also spelled Imad Akel (عماد عقل, 1971–1993) was a commander of the Izz al-Din al-Qassam Brigades, the military wing of Hamas.
Emamzadeh Mir Neshaneh is the burial place of Hassan ibn-e Musa al-Kadhim, the Musa al-Kadhim's son.
Abdelkader ibn Muhieddine (6 September 1808 – 26 May 1883; عبد القادر ابن محيي الدين), known as the Emir Abdelkader or Abdelkader El Djezairi, was an Algerian religious and military leader who led a struggle against the French colonial invasion in the mid-19th century.
The Emirati dialect is a dialectal variety of the Arabic language that is spoken in the United Arab Emirates, and is a branch of the regional Gulf dialects family.
Emrullah İşler (born 7 January 1960) is a Turkish theologian, university lecturer, and politician.
Abba 'Ěnbāqom (c.1470 – c.1565) was a religious leader of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church, and translator and author, e.g., of the Anqaṣa Amin.
The Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān (abbreviated EQ) is an encyclopedia dedicated to the Qur'an published with Brill.
The Encyclopedia of the Brethren of Purity (رسائل إخوان الصفا) also variously known as the Epistles of the Brethren of Sincerity, Epistles of the Brethren of Purity and Epistles of the Brethren of Purity and Loyal Friends was a large encyclopedia"The work only professes to be an epitome, an outline; its authors lay claim to no originality, they only summarize what others have thought and discovered.
The English Defence League (EDL) is a far-right and counter-jihadist street-based social movement and pressure group in the United Kingdom.
The Quran has been translated into English many times.
An engraved gem, frequently referred to as an intaglio, is a small and usually semi-precious gemstone that has been carved, in the Western tradition normally with images or inscriptions only on one face.
Enjoining what is right and forbidding what is wrong (al-amr bi-l-maʿrūf wa-n-nahy ʿani-l-munkar) are two important Islamic requisites from the Quran, "you enjoin what is right and forbid what is reprehensible", and are considered positive roles in helping others to take the straight path and abstain from reprehensible acts.
Enoch is a character of the Antediluvian period in the Hebrew Bible.
Entering Heaven alive (called by various religions "ascension", "assumption", or "translation") is a belief held in various religions.
An entheogen is a class of psychoactive substances that induce any type of spiritual experience aimed at development.
An enthronement is a ceremony of inauguration, involving a person—usually a monarch or religious leader—being formally seated for the first time upon their throne.
Ephesus (Ἔφεσος Ephesos; Efes; may ultimately derive from Hittite Apasa) was an ancient Greek city on the coast of Ionia, three kilometres southwest of present-day Selçuk in İzmir Province, Turkey.
The Epistles of Wisdom or Rasa'il al-Hikma (رسـائـل الـحـكـمـة) is a corpus of sacred texts and pastoral letters by teachers of the Druze Faith, which has currently close to a million faithful, mainly in Lebanon, Syria, Israel and Jordan.
Eric Parnes (also known as Eric Esmail Parnes) (Persian: اریک اسماعیل پارنسی) (born 1979) is an American Iranian contemporary artist based in New York City.
Ernest Glenn McClain (August 6, 1918 Massillon, Ohio - April 25, 2014 Washington, DC) was professor emeritus of music at Brooklyn College.
Ervadi or Erwadi is a village in Ramanathapuram district, Tamil Nadu in southern India belonging to Kadaladi Taluk and Keelakarai Town panchayat.
Esad Erbili or Mehmed Esad Efendi was a shaykh of the Naqshi-Khalidi sufi order and brought a branch of the Naqshbandiyyah with him to Istanbul at the beginning of World War I.
Esfandiyār, also translated as Sepandiār or, Sepandiyar, Esfandyar, Isfandiar, Isfandiyar or Esfandiar, is a legendary Iranian hero.
Eshon Babakhan ibn Abdulmajidkhan (Russian: Эшон Бабахан ибн Абдулмажидхан, Uzbek: Eshon Boboxon ibn Abdulmajidxon; 1858—1957) was an Islamic religious figure, theologist, Islamic jurist, Shaykh al-Islām active in Russia and later Soviet Union.
Esoteric interpretation of the Quran, taʾwīl (تأويل), is the allegorical interpretation of the Quran or the quest for its hidden, inner meanings.
Esperanto (or; Esperanto) is a constructed international auxiliary language.