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The Bhagavad Gita As It Is trial in Russia was a trial that commenced in 2011 about banning the Russian edition of the book, Bhagavad Gita As It Is (1968), a translation and commentary of the Hindu holy text, Bhagavad Gita, on charges of religious extremism.
A Matter of Honour is a novel by Jeffrey Archer, first published in 1986.
"A Scause for Applause" is the thirteenth episode of the sixteenth season of the American animated sitcom South Park, and the 236th episode of the series overall.
Abastumani (აბასთუმანი) is a small town (daba) and climatic spa in Adigeni Municipality, Samtskhe-Javakheti, Georgia.
The Abkhazian Orthodox Church (Абхазская Православная церковь) is an Eastern Orthodox church outside the official Eastern Orthodox ecclesiastical hierarchy.
Abortion in Russia is legal as an elective procedure up to the 12th week of pregnancy, and in special circumstances at later stages.
Abraham and Coprius of Gryazovets (Авраамий и Коприй Гразовецкий, Abraham and Coprius of Pechenega) founded the Christian monastery at Gryazovets in Russia.
Abraham "Abe" Cahan (July 7, 1860 – August 31, 1951) was a Belarusian-born Jewish American socialist newspaper editor, novelist, and politician.
Abraham of Bulgaria (Авраамий Болгарский; died April 1, 1229) was a Christian convert from Islam later made a martyr and saint of the Russian Orthodox Church.
Venerable Abraham Galitzki or Abramius of Galich (Авраамий Галичский) or Chukhlomsky and Gorodetsky (died 20 July 1375) was an abbot of the Russian Orthodox Church.
Mar Abraham Shimonaya (or Shem'onaya, circa 1862–1915) was a Bishop of the Assyrian Church of the East who converted to Catholicism in 1903 and joined the Chaldean Catholic Church.
Abram Samoilovitch Besicovitch (or Besikovitch) (Абра́м Само́йлович Безико́вич; 23 January 1891 – 2 November 1970) was a Russian mathematician, who worked mainly in England.
Absolution is a traditional theological term for the forgiveness experienced in the Sacrament of Penance.
Abu Kabir (ابو كبير) was a satellite village of Jaffa founded by Egyptians following Ibrahim Pasha's 1832 defeat of Turkish forces in Ottoman era Palestine.
The letter by 10 academicians or Academicians' letter (short names of "Open letter from the Members of the Russian Academy of Sciences to the President"; Открытое письмо десяти академиков РАН президенту Российской Федерации В.В. Путину) is an open letter to the President of the Russian Federation in which ten notable scientists express their concern about rapid clericalization of Russian society.
Accuracy In Media (AIM) is an American non-profit news media watchdog founded in 1969 by economist Reed Irvine.
Achille Delaere (born 1868, Lendelede, Belgium) was a Flemish priest who served on the Canadian prairies.
Achmed Abdullah (12 May 1881 – 12 May 1945) was an American writer.
The Act of Canonical Communion of the Russian Orthodox Church Outside Russia with the Russian orthodox Church Moscow Patriarchate (Акт о каноническом общении Русской Православной Церкви Заграницей с Русской Православной Церковью Московского Патриархата) reunited the two branches of the Russian Orthodox Church: the Russian Orthodox Church Outside Russia (ROCOR) and the Moscow Patriarchate.
Adelaida Gertsyk (Аделаида Казимировна Герцык, 16 February 1874 – 25 June 1925) was a Russian translator, poet and writer of the Silver Age.
Adi Da Samraj, born Franklin Albert Jones (November 3, 1939 – November 27, 2008), was an American spiritual teacher, writer and artist.
Adler (А́длер) is a resort on the Black Sea coast located in the mouth of the Mzymta River.
Adlersky City District (А́длерский райо́н) is the southernmost of four city districts of the city of Sochi in Krasnodar Krai, Russia, lying along the Black Sea coast near the southern Russian border with Georgia.
The adoption of the Gregorian Calendar was an event in the modern history of most nations and societies, marking a change from their traditional (or old style) dating system to the modern (or new style) dating system that is widely used around the world today.
Adoratsky (Адора́тский; masculine) or Adoratskaya (Адора́тская; feminine) is a Russian last name.
Venerable Adrian of Ondrusov (died August 26, 1549) was a Russian Orthodox monk and saint, venerated as a Wonderworker.
Venerable Adrian of Poshekhonye (Адриан Пошехонский; died 1550) was a Russian Orthodox monk and iconographer, who was the founder and first hegumen (abbot) of the Dormition monastery in Poshekhonye, north Yaroslavl region.
The Republic of Adygea (r; Адыгэ Республик, Adygæ Respublik), also known as the Adyghe Republic, is a federal subject of Russia (a republic), with its territory enclaved within Krasnodar Krai.
Afognak (also Ag’waneq in Alutiiq) was an Alutiiq village on the island of Afognak in Kodiak Island Borough, Alaska, United States.
Abdullah Aftimios Ofiesh (22 October 1880, Bikfayya Al-Muhaydathah, Lebanon - 24 July 1966, Kingston, Pennsylvania) was an early 20th-century Orthodox bishop in America, serving as the immediate successor to St.
Agafia Karpovna Lykova (Агафья Карповна Лыкова, born 16 April 1944) is a Russian Old Believer, part of the Lykov family, who has lived alone in the Taiga for most of her life.
Agap (Ага́п) is a Russian male first name.
Agora (in full, Inter-regional Association of Human Rights Organizations "Agora", Russian Межрегиональная Ассоциация правозащитных организаций "АГОРА") is a Russian human rights group based in Kazan, Tartarstan.
Agrikolyansky (Агриколя́нский; masculine) or Agrikolyanskaya (Агриколя́нская; feminine) is a Russian last name.
The Ainu in Russia are an indigenous people of Russia located in Sakhalin Oblast, Khabarovsk Krai and Kamchatka Krai.
The Ainu or the Aynu (Ainu アィヌ ''Aynu''; Japanese: アイヌ Ainu; Russian: Айны Ajny), in the historical Japanese texts the Ezo (蝦夷), are an indigenous people of Japan (Hokkaido, and formerly northeastern Honshu) and Russia (Sakhalin, the Kuril Islands, and formerly the Kamchatka Peninsula).
Akhiok (Kasukuak in Alutiiq) is a second-class city in Kodiak Island Borough, Alaska, United States.
Akhmed Halidovich Zakayev (Заки Хьалид кlант Ахьмад, Zaki Halid-khant Ahmad, Ахмед Халидович Закаев, Akhmed Khalidovich Zakayev; born 26 April 1959) is a former Deputy Prime Minister and Prime Minister of the unrecognised Chechen Republic of Ichkeria (ChRI).
Aktobe (Ақтөбе, Aqtóbe) is a city on the Ilek River in Kazakhstan.
Alanya, formerly Alaiye, is a beach resort city and a component district of Antalya Province on the southern coast of Turkey, in the country's Mediterranean Region, east of the city of Antalya.
Alapayevsk (Алапа́евск) is a town in Sverdlovsk Oblast, Russia, located at the confluence of the Neyva and Alapaikha Rivers.
Alaska (Alax̂sxax̂) is a U.S. state located in the northwest extremity of North America.
The Alaska Purchase (r) was the United States' acquisition of Alaska from the Russian Empire on March 30, 1867, by a treaty ratified by the United States Senate, and signed by President Andrew Johnson.
The Alaska Women's Hall of Fame (AWHF) recognizes women natives or residents of the U.S. state of Alaska for their significant achievements or statewide contributions.
The Albazinians (Russian: албазинцы, Traditional Chinese: 阿爾巴津人, Simplified Chinese: 阿尔巴津人) are one of the few groups of Chinese of Russian descent.
Albert Farley Heard (October4, 1833March26, 1890) was an American merchant, diplomat and author.
Colonel General Albert Mikhailovich Makashov (Альберт Михайлович Макашóв; born 12 June 1938) is a Russian officer and a nationalist-communist politician.
Alberto Bolognetti (1538–1585) was an Italian law professor, bishop, diplomat, and cardinal.
Alek Rapoport (November 24, 1933, Kharkiv, Ukraine SSR – February 4, 1997, San Francisco) was a Russian Nonconformist artist, art theorist and teacher.
Aleknagik (Alaqnaqiq in Central Yup'ik) is a second class city in the Dillingham Census Area of the Unorganized Borough of the U.S. state of Alaska.
Aleksander Petrovich Reza Qoli Mirza Qajar (Александр Петрович Риза-Кули Мирза Каджар; الکساندر پتروویچ رضا قلی میرزا قاجار; May 25, 1869 -?) - was a prince of Persia's Qajar dynasty, an Imperial Russian military leader and the commander of Yekaterinburg (1918), having the rank of Colonel (Polkovnik).
Aleksandr Gelyevich Dugin (Алекса́ндр Ге́льевич Ду́гин; born 7 January 1962) is a Russian philosopher, political analyst and strategist known for his fascist views and calls to hasten the "end of times" with all-out war.
Aleksandr Kuzmich Ivanov-Sukharevsky (Александр Кузьмич Иванов-Сухаревский; born 26 July 1950 in Rostov-on-Don, Russian SFSR) is a far right politician in Russia who is the leader of the Peoples National Party (NNP).
Aleksandr Pavlovich Lopukhin (Saratov Governorate, 10 October 1852-Saint Petersburg, 1904) was a Russian Bible commentator best known for the Lopukhin Bible (1904).
Aleksandr Vasilievich Nazarenko (Александр Васильевич Назаренко, born in 1948 in Panevėžys) is a Russian historian who works in the Moscow State University.
Aleksandr Isayevich Solzhenitsyn (11 December 1918 – 3 August 2008) was a Russian novelist, historian, and short story writer.
Karl Magnus Vitberg (26 January 1787 — 24 January 1855) was a Russian Neoclassical architect of Swedish stock.
Aleksei was a Russian archpriest who became known for converting to Judaism.
Aleksei Ermolaevich Evert (Алексей Ермолаевич Эверт; Alexei Ewert; 4 March 185712 November 1918 or 10 May 1926) was an Imperial Russian General of Orthodox German extraction.
Alexej Alexandrovich Glagolev (Russian: Алексей Алекса́ндрович Глаго́лев) (2 July 1901 – 23 January 1972) was a Ukrainian Orthodox priest, honoured as one of the Righteous among the Nations.
Count Alexei Pavlovich Ignatiev (граф Алексей Павлович Игнатьев) was a Russian political figure.
Aleksei Fedorovich Losev (Алексе́й Фёдорович Ло́сев; September 23, 1893 – May 24, 1988) was a Russian philosopher, philologist and culturologist, one of the most prominent figures in Russian philosophical and religious thought of the 20th century.
Aleksei Sokolov (1787-died after 1833) was a Russian Orthodox priest.
Alexei Petrovich Antropov (Алексей Петрович Антропов; –) was a Russian painter active primarily in St. Petersburg, where he was born and died.
Aleksey Stepanovich Khomyakov (Алексе́й Степа́нович Хомяко́в) (May 13 (O.S. May 1) 1804 in Moscow – October 5 (O.S. September 23), 1860 in Moscow) was a Russian theologian, philosopher, poet and amateur artist.
Count Aleksey Konstantinovich Tolstoy, often referred to as A. K. Tolstoy (Алексе́й Константи́нович Толсто́й) (–), was a Russian poet, novelist and playwright, considered to be the most important nineteenth-century Russian historical dramatist, primarily on the strength of his dramatic trilogy The Death of Ivan the Terrible (1866), Tsar Fyodor Ioannovich (1868), and Tsar Boris (1870).
Aleksey Nikolayevich Tolstoy (Алексе́й Никола́евич Толсто́й; – 23 February 1945), nicknamed the Comrade Count, was a Russian and Soviet writer who wrote in many genres but specialized in science fiction and historical novels.
The Aleuts (Алеу́ты Aleuty), who are usually known in the Aleut language by the endonyms Unangan (eastern dialect), Unangas (western dialect), Alaska Native Language Center.
Aleut (Unangam Tunuu) is the language spoken by the Aleut people (Unangax̂) living in the Aleutian Islands, Pribilof Islands, Commander Islands, and the Alaskan Peninsula (in Aleut Alaxsxa, the origin of the state name Alaska).
The Aleutian Islands (Tanam Unangaa, literally "Land of the Aleuts", possibly from Chukchi aliat, "island") are a chain of 14 large volcanic islands and 55 smaller ones belonging to both the U.S. state of Alaska and the Russian federal subject of Kamchatka Krai.
The Aleutian World War II National Historic Area is a U.S. National Historic Site on Amaknak Island in the Aleutian Island Chain of Alaska.
Alex Gard (born Alexei Mikhailovich Kremkov, Алексе́й Миха́йлович Кремко́в; also tr. Kremkoff; June 17, 1898 – June 1, 1948) was a Russian American cartoonist.
Alex Shevelev (born March 16, 1896, Odessa, Russian Empire - died on November 13, 1974, Rome, Italy) was an Archpriest, a priest of the Russian Orthodox Church, then the Russian Catholic Church, religious journalist for Vatican Radio, the participant Russian apostolate and leader of Russians abroad.
Alexander Alexandrovich Volkov (Udmurt and Алекса́ндр Алекса́ндрович Во́лков; 25 December 1951 in Bryansk – 20 May 2017) was the President of the Udmurt Republic.
Alexander Andreyevich Baranov (Алекса́ндр Андре́евич Бара́нов) (1747–16 April 1819), sometimes spelled Aleksandr or Alexandr and Baranof, was a Russian trader and merchant, who worked for some time in Siberia.
Alexander Andreyevich Svechin (Александр Андреевич Свечин; 17 August 1878, Odessa – 28 July 1938) was a Russian and Soviet military leader, military writer, educator and theorist, and author of the military classic Strategy.
Alexandr Lvovic Apukhtin (4 November 1822 – 2 November 1903 in Sankt Petersburg) was a Russian Empire government official, and the superintendent of Congress Poland.
The Alexander Cemetery (Александровское кладбище) is a cemetery in the city of Rostov-on-Don, Russia.
Prince Aleksander Danilovich Menshikov (Алекса́ндр Дани́лович Ме́ншиков; –) was a Russian statesman, whose official titles included Generalissimus, Prince of the Russian Empire and Duke of Izhora (Duke of Ingria), Prince of the Holy Roman Empire, Duke of Cosel.
Alexander Leonidovich Dvorkin (Александр Леонидович Дворкин; born 20 August 1955 in Moscow) is a Russian Jewish member of the Russian Orthodox Church and an anti-cult activist.
Aleksandr Sergeyevich Dzasokhov (Александр Серге́евич Дзасохов; Дзасохты Сергейы фырт Алыксандр, Dzasoxty Sergejy fyrt Alyksandr) is the former head of the Republic of North Ossetia–Alania.
Alexander Evreinov (born March 8, 1877, Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation - died August 20, 1959, Rome, Italy) was a Russian bishop, converted to Catholicism from Russian Orthodoxy.
Alexander Vasilevich Filipenko Алекса́ндр Васи́льевич Филипе́нко (born 31 May 1950) is a Russian politician, the former governor of Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug.
Alexander Tikhonovich Gretchaninov (p;, Kaluga – 3 January 1956, New York City) was a Russian Romantic composer.
Alexander Ivanovich Guchkov (Алекса́ндр Ива́нович Гучко́в) (14 October 1862 – 14 February 1936) was a Russian politician, Chairman of the Third Duma and Minister of War in the Russian Provisional Government.
Alexander I (Александр Павлович, Aleksandr Pavlovich; –) reigned as Emperor of Russia between 1801 and 1825.
Alexander II (p; 29 April 1818 – 13 March 1881) was the Emperor of Russia from the 2nd March 1855 until his assassination on 13 March 1881.
Alexander III (r; 1845 1894) was the Emperor of Russia, King of Poland, and Grand Duke of Finland from until his death on.
Alexander Vasilyevich Kolchak CB (Алекса́ндр Васи́льевич Колча́к, – 7 February 1920) was an Imperial Russian admiral, military leader and polar explorer who served in the Imperial Russian Navy, who fought in the Russo-Japanese War and the First World War.
Alexander Kulik (September 11, 1911 in Bialystok, Grodno Region, Russian Empire – October 17, 1966 in Rome, Italy) was a Mitred Archpriest, advisor of the Congregation for the Oriental Churches, journalist, member of Russian apostolate and a leader of the Russian Diaspora.
Alexander Yevgenievich Lebedev (p; born 16 December 1959) is a Russian businessman, referred to as one of the Russian oligarchs.
Alexander Borisovich Ledkovsky (June 3, 1944 in Teupitz – December 24, 2004 in Shirley, NY) was a German-American conductor, composer, and music editor of Russian descent.
Alexander Lvovich Kazembek (Алекса́ндр Льво́вич Казембе́к, or Казем-Бек; Alexandre Kasem-Beg;, Kazan – 21 February 1977, Moscow), often spelled Kazem-Bek or Kasem-Beg, was a Russian émigré and political activist, and founder of the Mladorossi political group.
Alexander Vladimirovich Men (Александр Владимирович Мень; 22 January 1935 – 9 September 1990) was a Russian Orthodox priest, an outstanding theologian, Biblical scholar and writer on theology, Christian history, and other religions.
Aleksandr Mixaylovich Nedoshivin (March 14, 1868 in Kazan – - March, 1943, Russian Orthodox Cemetery, Nice) was 27 years a tax specialist at the Ministry of Finance in Imperial Russia, later a lawyer for 10 years.
The Alexander Nevsky Cathedral (Александро-Невский Собор; Azeri: Aleksandr Nevski Başkilsəsi, often referred to as Qızıllı kilsə – "The Gilt Church") was the main Russian Orthodox cathedral in Baku, Azerbaijan from when it was completed in 1898 until its destruction in 1937 during the Soviet era under Joseph Stalin.
The Saint Alexander Nevsky Russian Orthodox Cathedral is located in Howell Township, New Jersey and is under the jurisdiction of the Russian Orthodox Church Outside of Russia (ROCOR).
The Alexander Nevsky Cathedral is a Russian Orthodox church in Izhevsk, Udmurtia dedicated to St.
The Alexander Nevsky Cathedral (Собор Святого Александра Невского) is a Russian Orthodox cathedral church located in the Kanavinsky city district of Nizhny Novgorod.
The Alexander Nevsky Cathedral (Cathédrale Saint-Alexandre-Nevsky, Собор Святого Александра Невского) is a Russian Orthodox cathedral church located at 12 rue Daru in the 8th arrondissement of Paris.
The Alexander Nevsky Cathedral (Sobór św., Александро-Невский собор в Варшаве) was a Russian Orthodox Cathedral in Saxon Square built in Warsaw, Poland, then a part of the Russian Empire.
The Alexander Nevsky Church is the only Russian Orthodox church in Copenhagen.
The Alexander Nevsky Church is a Russian Orthodox church in Ganja (Azerbaijan), built in 1887.
Saint Alexander Nevsky Lavra or Saint Alexander Nevsky Monastery was founded by Peter I of Russia in 1710 at the eastern end of the Nevsky Prospekt in Saint Petersburg supposing that that was the site of the Neva Battle in 1240 when Alexander Nevsky, a prince, defeated the Swedes; however, the battle actually took place about away from that site.
The Alexander Nevsky Memorial Church is an historic Russian orthodox church in Potsdam, Germany.
Alexander Ioilyevich Ogorodnikov (Алекса́ндр Иои́льевич Огоро́дников, born 26 May 1950, Chistopol, Tatar ASSR) is a former chairman of the Russian Orthodox Argentov Seminar, peace activist, political prisoner and founder of several Russian humanitarian organizations.
Alexander Peresvet, also spelled Peresviet (Russian: Александр Пересвет), was a Russian Orthodox Christian monk who fought in a single combat with the Tatar champion Temir-murza (known in most Russian sources as Chelubey or Cheli-bey) at the opening of the Battle of Kulikovo (8 September 1380), where they killed each other.
Alexander Vladimirovich Rutskoy (p; born 16 September 1947) is a Russian politician and a former Soviet military officer.
Alexander Rzewuski (1893-1983) was a Catholic clergyman of Polish-Russian aristocratic background, with a Russian Orthodox background.
Alexander Dmitrievich Schmemann (Александр Дмитриевич Шмеман; 13 September 1921 in Tallinn, Estonia – 13 December 1983 in Crestwood, New York) was an influential Orthodox Christian priest, teacher, and writer.
Alexander Schmorell (16 September 1917 in Orenburg, Russia; – 13 July 1943 in Munich) was one of five Munich University students who formed a resistance group known as White Rose (Weiße Rose) which was active against Germany's Nazi regime from June 1942 to February 1943.
Alexander Nikolayevich Scriabin (Алекса́ндр Никола́евич Скря́бин; –) was a Russian composer and pianist.
Alexander Svirsky or Alexander of Svir (1448–1533) was an Eastern Orthodox saint, monk and hegumen of Russian Orthodox Church.
Alexander Valentinovich Vampilov (Александр Валентинович Вампилов) (19 August 1937, Cheremkhovo, Irkutsk Oblast – 17 August 1972 at Lake Baikal) was a Russian playwright.
Alexandr Ivanovich Vvedensky (Александр Иванович Введенский) (August 30, 1889 – July 26, 1946) was one of the leaders of the Living Church movement (Живая Церковь, also known as the Renovationist Church, Обновленческая Церковь), a movement of the Russian Orthodox Church from 1922-1946 to reform the Russian Church life; he is considered the person "most identified with renovationism in the Soviet era" and is considered a heretic by the Russian Orthodox Church.
Alexander Zaldostanov, also known as "The Surgeon", is a Russian motorcycle club leader, political activist, and former physician.
Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Zinovyev (October 29, 1922 – May 10, 2006) was a Russian logician and writer of social critique.
Alexander-Svirsky Monastery (Александро-Свирский монастырь) is a Russian Orthodox monastery situated deep in the woods of the Leningrad Oblast, just south from its border with the Republic of Karelia.
Alexandra Biriukova (July 10, 1895 - February 10, 1967) was a Canadian architect and nurse.
Aleksandra Dionisyevna Danilova (Russian: Александра Дионисьевна Данилова; November 20, 1903 – July 13, 1997) was a Russian-born prima ballerina, who became an American citizen.
Alexandra Feodorovna (6 June 1872 – 17 July 1918) was Empress of Russia as the spouse of Nicholas II—the last ruler of the Russian Empire—from their marriage on 26 November 1894 until his forced abdication on 15 March 1917.
Alexandra Feodorovna (p), born Princess Charlotte of Prussia (13 July 1798 – 1 November 1860), was Empress consort of Russia.
Countess Alexandra Tolstoy FRGS (born Alexandra Tolstoy-Miloslavsky, 1974; married name Alexandra Galimzyanova) is a British equine adventurer, broadcaster and businesswoman, a fellow of the Royal Geographical Society.
Count Armand Alexandre de Blanquet du Chayla (1885–1945) was a French nobleman who converted to Russian Orthodoxy.
Alexandria (or; Arabic: الإسكندرية; Egyptian Arabic: إسكندرية; Ⲁⲗⲉⲝⲁⲛⲇⲣⲓⲁ; Ⲣⲁⲕⲟⲧⲉ) is the second-largest city in Egypt and a major economic centre, extending about along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea in the north central part of the country.
Alexei Ivanovich Abrikosov (Алексе́й Ива́нович Абрико́сов) (January 18, 1875 – April 9, 1955) was a Russian/Soviet pathologist and a member of the Soviet Academy of Sciences (since 1939) and the Soviet Academy of Medical Sciences (since 1944).
Alexei Nikolaevich (Алексе́й Никола́евич) (12 August 1904 – 17 July 1918) of the House of Romanov, was the Tsarevich and heir apparent to the throne of the Russian Empire.
Aloise (Alexei) Yegorovich Trupp (Алоизий (Алексей) Егорович Трупп, Aloizs Lauris Trūps, April 8, 1856 – July 17, 1918), was a footman in the household of Tsar Nicholas II of Russia.
Alexey (Aleksey; Алексе́й,; Алексей) is a Russian and Bulgarian male first name deriving from the Greek Alexios (Αλέξιος), meaning "Defender", and thus of the same origin as the Latin Alexius.
Alexey Petrovich Bystrow, sometimes spelled Alexey Petrovich Bystrov and Aleksei Petrovich Bystrow, (Алексе́й Петро́вич Быстро́в; February 1, 1899 – August 29, 1959) was a Soviet paleontologist, anatomist, and histologist.
Aleksey Vladimirovich Ostrovskiy (Алексей Владимирович Островский, also transliterated Alexei Vladimirovich Ostrovsky; born January 14, 1976) is a member of the State Duma of Russia.
Aleksey Mikhailovich (p; –) was the tsar of Russia from 12 July 1645 until his death, 29 January 1676.
Saint Alexis Toth (or Alexis of Wilkes-Barre; March 18, 1853 – May 7, 1909) was a Russian Orthodox church leader in the Midwestern United States who, having resigned his position as a Byzantine Catholic priest in the Ruthenian Catholic Church, became responsible for the conversions of approximately 20,000 Eastern Rite Catholics to the Russian Orthodox Church, which contributed to the growth of Eastern Orthodoxy in the United States and the eventual establishment of the Orthodox Church in America.
Saint Alexius (Алексей or Aleksij in Russian) (before 1296–1378) was Metropolitan of Kiev and all Russia (from 1354), and presided over the Moscow government during Dmitrii Donskoi's minority.
Algirdas (Альгерд, Ольгерд, Olgierd; – May 1377) was a ruler of medieval Lithuania.
Alisa (Алиса) is a Russian hard rock band, who are credited as one of the most influential bands in the Russian rock movement.
All Saints' Church (Церковь Всех Святых) ― is a Russian Orthodox church in the city of Taganrog, Rostov Oblast, Russia.
The All-Night Vigil (Pre-reform Russian: Всенощное бдѣніе, Vsénoshchnoye bdéniye; Modern Russian: Всенощное бдение) is an a cappella choral composition by Sergei Rachmaninoff, his Op. 37, premiered on 23 March 1915 in Moscow.
The All-Night Vigil for choir (Russian: Всенощное бдение для хора, Vsyenoshchnoye bdyeniye dlya khora) is an a cappella choral composition by Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky, his Op. 52, written from 1881 to 1882.
The All-Russian nation (obshcherusskiy narod), also known as the pan-Russian nation or the triune Russian nation (triyedinyy russkiy narod) is a Russophile and Russian irredentist ideology which sees the Russian nation as comprising the three historical and geographic regions of Kievan Rus' (Great Russia, Little Russia and White Russia) and branches of Rus' people, which include modern East Slavs (namely, Russians, Ukrainians and Belarusians), rather than only modern Russia and ethnic Russians.
Alla Borisovna Pugacheva (Алла Борисовна Пугачёва; sometimes transcribed in English as Pugachova,; born 15 April 1949), is а Soviet and Russian musical performer.
Haji Allahshükür Hummat Pashazade (Allahşükür Hümmət Paşazadə) Sheikh ul-Islam and Grand Mufti of the Caucasus which includes his native Republic of Azerbaijan, Republic of Georgia, and Dagestan, Kabardino-Balkaria, Ingushetia, Chechnya, Karachay–Cherkessia, and Adygea in the Russian Federation.
The Allenburg Church is a Brick Gothic building near Allenburg Castle commissioned by Konrad von Jungingen, the Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights, in 1405.
Altai Krai (p) is a federal subject of Russia (a krai).
The Altay or Altai are a Turkic people living in the Siberian Altai Republic and Altai Krai.
The Altai Republic (Респу́блика Алта́й, Respublika Altay,; Altai: Алтай Республика, Altay Respublika) is a federal subject of Russia (a republic).
The Altai-Sayan region is an area of central Asia proximate to the Altai Mountains and the Sayan Mountains, near to where Russia, China, Mongolia and Kazakhstan come together.
Altar candles are candles set on or near altars for religious ceremonies.
An altar server is a lay assistant to a member of the clergy during a Christian liturgy.
Altenbamberg is an Ortsgemeinde – a municipality belonging to a Verbandsgemeinde, a kind of collective municipality – in the Bad Kreuznach district in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany.
The Alutiiq people (pronounced in English; from Promyshlenniki Russian Алеутъ, "Aleut"; plural often "Alutiit"), also called by their ancestral name Sugpiaq (or; plural often "Sugpiat") as well as Pacific Eskimo or Pacific Yupik, are a southern coastal people of Alaska Natives.
Amangeldy Gumirovich "Aman" Tuleyev (Амангельды (Аман) Гумирович Тулеев, Амангелді Молдағазыұлы Төлеев, Amangeldi Moldaǵazıulı Tóleev), born 13 May 1944, is a Russian statesman.
The Ambon or Ambo (Ἄμβων, meaning "step" or "elevate" Slavonic: amvón) is a projection coming out from the soleas (the walkway in front of the iconostasis) in an Eastern Orthodox, Oriental Orthodox and Eastern Catholic church.
Saint Ambrose of Optina (Амвросий Оптинский; birth name: Aleksander Mikhaylovich Grenkov, Александр Михайлович Гренков, December 5, 1812, Bolshaya Lipovitsa settlement, Tambov guberniya – October 23, 1891) was a starets and a hieroschemamonk in Optina Monastery, canonized in the 1988 convention of the Local Council of the Russian Orthodox Church.
Ambrosius (in this world Vasiliy Gudko, in Russian Василий Гудко) (December 28, 1867 – August 9, 1918) bishop of Sarapul and Yelabug.
Ambrosius (ამბროსი, Ambrosi) (September 7, 1861 – March 29, 1927) was a Georgian religious figure and scholar who served as the Catholicos-Patriarch of All Georgia from 1921 to 1927.
Amur Oblast (p) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast), located on the banks of the Amur and Zeya Rivers in the Russian Far East.
Anastasia is a 1997 American animated musical fantasy adventure film directed and produced by former Walt Disney Feature Animation directors, Don Bluth and Gary Goldman in association with Fox Animation Studios, distributed by 20th Century Fox, and starring the voices of Meg Ryan, John Cusack, Kelsey Grammer, Hank Azaria, Christopher Lloyd and Angela Lansbury.
Archbishop Anastasios of Tirana, Durrës and All Albania (secular name: Anastasios Yannoulatos (Αναστάσιος Γιαννουλάτος, Anastas Janullatos); born 4 November 1929) is the Archbishop of Tirana, Durrës and All Albania and as such the primate and Head of the Holy Synod of the Autocephalous Orthodox Church of Albania.
Metropolitan Anastasius (secular name Alexander Alexeyevich Gribanovsky, Александр Алексеевич Грибановский; August 6, 1873 - May 22, 1965) was a hierarch of the Russian Orthodox Church and the second First Hierarch of the Russian Orthodox Church Outside Russia.
Anastasy Andreyevich Vonsyatsky (Анаста́сий Андре́евич Вонся́цкий, Anastazy Wąsacki; June 12, 1898 – February 5, 1965), better known in the United States as Anastase Andreivitch Vonsiatsky, was a Russian anti-Bolshevik émigré and fascist leader based in the United States from the 1920s.
Anatolie (Botnari), born Gheorghe Tomici Botnari on May 3, 1950, is a bishop of the Moldovan Orthodox Church under the Moscow Patriarchate.
Anatoly Petrovich Bykov (Анато́лий Петро́вич Бы́ков, born 17 January 1960) is a Russian businessman and politician.
Anatoly Petrovich Guzhvin (Russian: Анатолий Петрович Гужвин; March 25, 1946 – August 17, 2004) was a Russian politician and governor of Astrakhan Oblast.
Anatoly Tikhonovich Marchenko (Анато́лий Ти́хонович Ма́рченко, 23 January 1938 – 8 December 1986) was a Soviet dissident, author, and human rights campaigner, who became one of the first two recipients (along with Nelson Mandela) of the Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought of the European Parliament when it was awarded to him posthumously in 1988.
Anatoly Osmolovsky (Moscow,, is a Russian visual artist, performer, theorist, editor and teacher. He resides in Moscow where he sculpts wood. Osmolovsky grounds his art in theory and supports his work with self-published writings in Radek (1993) and Base (2010) magazines and by teaching art history.
Anatoli Ivanovich Rogozhin was a Russian officer who served in the Imperial Russian Army, the White Army, and was the last commander of the Russian Corps in Serbia during World War II.
Ancient of Days is a name for God in the Book of Daniel: in the original Aramaic atik yomin עַתִּיק יֹומִין; in the Septuagint palaios hemeron παλαιὸς ἡμερῶν; and in the Vulgate antiquus dierum.
Andrei Andreyevich Gromyko (Андре́й Андре́евич Громы́ко; Андрэ́й Андрэ́евіч Грамы́ка; – 2 July 1989) was a Soviet communist politician during the Cold War.
Andrei Gennadyevich Karlov (Андре́й Генна́дьевич Ка́рлов; 4 February 1954 – 19 December 2016) was a Russian career diplomat who served as the Russian Ambassador to Turkey and earlier as the nation's ambassador to North Korea.
Andrei Katkov, born Apollo Katkov, (1916–1995) was a Russian Catholic bishop.
Andrei Rublev (p, also transliterated as Andrey Rublyov; born in the 1360s, died 29 January 1427 or 1430, or 17 October 1428 in Moscow) is considered to be one of the greatest medieval Russian painters of Orthodox icons and frescos.
Andrey Vladimirovich Bogdanov (Russian Андре́й Влади́мирович Богда́нов) (born January 31, 1970 in Mozhaysk) is a Russian politician.
Andrej Benedejčič (born November 21, 1970 in Ljubljana) is a Slovenian diplomat, currently serving as the Permanent Representative of the Republic of Slovenia to the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe and other International Organizations in Vienna.
Andrew of Totma was a seventeenth century Russian Orthodox Church religious figure.
Andrew Vinius (Андре́й Андре́евич Ви́ниус, Andrey Andreyevich Vinius) (1641–1717) was a Russian statesman and a friend of Peter the Great.
Andrei I Yuryevich, commonly known under his sobriquet Andrei the Pious (Андрей Боголюбский) (c. 1111 – June 28, 1174), was Grand prince of Vladimir-Suzdal from 1157 till his death.
Andrey Vyacheslavovich Kuraev (Андре́й Вячесла́вович Кура́ев; born 15 February 1963) is a Protodeacon of the Russian Orthodox Church, notable Orthodox theologian and missionary.
Andrey (Andrei) Andreyevich Markov (Андре́й Андре́евич Ма́рков, in older works also spelled Markoff) (14 June 1856 N.S. – 20 July 1922) was a Russian mathematician.
Andrey Vitalyevich Nelidov (Андре́й Вита́льевич Нели́дов) is the former Head of the Republic of Karelia in Russia.
Andrey Andreyevich Vlasov or Wlassow (Андрéй Андрéевич Влáсов, – August 1, 1946) was a Russian Red Army general.
Andrey Yuryevich Vorobyov (p, born April 14, 1970 in Krasnoyarsk, Russia) is governor of Moscow Oblast, former head of the United Russia faction and one of the vice presidents of the State Duma.
Andrii Leonidovych Derkach (born August 19, 1967) is a Ukrainian politician, scientist, philanthropist, Member of Ukrainian Parliament (Verhovna Rada) (People’s Deputy of Ukraine).
Archbishop Andronik (also spelled Andronic; Архиепископ Андроник, secular name Vladimir Alexandrovich Nikolsky, Владимир Александрович Никольский; August 1, 1870 – July 7, 1918), was a bishop in the Russian Orthodox Church and a saint, glorified as Hieromartyr Andronik, Archbishop Of Perm in 2000.
Andronikov Monastery of the Saviour (Андро́ников монасты́рь, Спа́со-Андро́ников монасты́рь, or Андро́ников Нерукотво́рного Спа́са монасты́рь) is a former monastery on the left bank of the Yauza River in Moscow, consecrated to the Holy Image of Saviour Not Made by Hands and containing the oldest extant (i.e. outside the Kremlin) building in Moscow.
Andrzej Grzegorczyk (22 August 1922 – 20 March 2014) was a Polish logician, mathematician, philosopher, and ethicist noted for his work in computability, mathematical logic, and the foundations of mathematics.
The Anglican Church in North America (ACNA) is a Christian denomination in the Anglican tradition in the United States and Canada.
Angoon (sometimes formerly spelled Angun) (Tlingit: Aangoon) is a city on Admiralty Island in Hoonah-Angoon Census Area, Alaska, United States.
Christianity has not generally practised aniconism, or the avoidance or prohibition of types of images, but has had an active tradition of making and venerating images of God and other religious figures.
Animal Farm is an allegorical novella by George Orwell, first published in England on 17 August 1945.
Anna Ivanovna Abrikosova (Анна Ивановна Абрикосова) (later known as Mother Catherine of Siena, O.P.) (Екатери́на Сие́нская or Ekaterina Sienskaya), (23 January 1882, Kitaigorod, Moscow, Russian Empire – 23 July 1936, Butyrka Prison, Moscow, Soviet Union) was a Russian Roman Catholic religious sister, literary translator, and victim of Joseph Stalin's concentration camps.
Anna Alchuk (28 March 195521 March 2008) was a Russian poet and visual artist.
Anna Alexeievna Koltovskaya (Анна Колтовская) (before 1572 – 5 April 1626) was Tsaritsa of the Tsardom of Russia and the fourth spouse of Tsar Ivan IV of Russia ("Ivan the Terrible").
Anna Leopoldovna (А́нна Леопо́льдовна; 18 December 1718 – 19 March 1746), born as Elisabeth Katharina Christine von Mecklenburg-Schwerin and also known as Anna Carlovna (А́нна Ка́рловна), was regent of Russia for a few months in 1740 and 1741 during the minority of her infant son Emperor Ivan VI.
Saint Anna of Kashin (Святая благоверная великая княгиня - инокиня Анна Кашинская) (1280 – 2 October 1368) was a Russian princess from the Rurik Dynasty, who was canonized in 1650.
Anna Ioannovna (Анна Иоанновна; –), also spelled Anna Ivanovna and sometimes anglicized as Anne, was regent of the duchy of Courland from 1711 until 1730 and then ruled as Empress of Russia from 1730 to 1740.
Anna Pavlovna (Matveyevna) Pavlova (Анна Павловна (Матвеевна) Павлова; – January 23, 1931) was a Russian prima ballerina of the late 19th and the early 20th centuries.
Anna Pavlovna of Russia (Анна Павловна; Dutch: Anna Paulowna; 18 January 1795 — 1 March 1865) was a queen consort of the Netherlands.
Anna Vasilchikova (Анна Васильчикова) was Tsaritsa of the Tsardom of Russia and was the fifth spouse of Ivan the Terrible.
Anno Mundi (Latin for "in the year of the world"; Hebrew:, "to the creation of the world"), abbreviated as AM or A.M., or Year After Creation, is a calendar era based on the biblical accounts of the creation of the world and subsequent history.
The Annunciation Greek Orthodox Church (Греческая церковь в честь Благовещения Пресвятой Девы Марии) was a Greek Orthodox church constructed in 1909 in Rostov-on-Don. In Soviet times, the church was demolished, and the Puppet Theatre was built on its foundations. A new Greek church of the Annunciation was built close to the site of the demolished one in 2014.
Anointing is the ritual act of pouring aromatic oil over a person's head or entire body.
Anointing of the sick, known also by other names, is a form of religious anointing or "unction" (an older term with the same meaning) for the benefit of a sick person.
Ansonia is a city in New Haven County, Connecticut, United States, on the Naugatuck River, immediately north of Derby, and about northwest of New Haven.
An antependium (from Latin ante- and pendēre "to hang before"; pl: antependia), also known as a parament or hanging, or, when speaking specifically of the hanging for the altar, an altar frontal (Latin: pallium altaris), is a decorative piece, usually of textile, but also metalwork, stone or other material that can adorn a Christian altar.
Antanas "Anthony" Bimba Jr. (1894–1982) was a Lithuanian-born American newspaper editor, historian, and radical political activist.
St. Anthony of Rome or Anthony the Roman (Антоний Римлянин) was the founder of the Antoniev Monastery in Novgorod.
Antony of Siya (Антоний Сийский) (1479–1556) was a Russian Orthodox monk who was proclaimed a saint after his death.
Metropolitan Anthony of Sourozh (Митропролит Антоний Сурожский, secular name Andrei Borisovich Bloom, Андрей Борисович Блум; 19 June 1914 – 4 August 2003) was best known as a writer and broadcaster on prayer and the Christian life.
Anthony, John, and Eustathius (Eustathios, Eustace; Russian: Антоний, Иоанн and Евстафий; Lithuanian: Antanas, Jonas ir Eustachijus) are saints and martyrs (died 1347) of the Russian Orthodox Church.
Anti-Catholicism is hostility towards Catholics or opposition to the Catholic Church, its clergy and its adherents.
Anti-Catholicism in the Soviet Union, including the Soviet Anti-Catholic Campaigns, refer to those concerted efforts taken by the Soviet Union to defame, undermine, or otherwise decrease or limit the role of the Catholic Church in Europe.
Anti-Jewish pogroms in the Russian Empire (Еврейские погромы в России; (הסופות בנגב ha-sufot ba-negev; lit. "the storms in the South") were large-scale, targeted, and repeated anti-Jewish rioting that first began in the 19th century. Pogroms began occurring after the Russian Empire, which previously had very few Jews, acquired territories with large Jewish populations from the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth during 1791–1835. These territories were designated "the Pale of Settlement" by the Imperial Russian government, within which Jews were reluctantly permitted to live, and it was within them that the pogroms largely took place. Most Jews were forbidden from moving to other parts of the Empire, unless they converted to the Russian Orthodox state religion.
Following the October Revolution of 1917, the Bolshevik seizure of power led to the Russian Civil War which continued until 1922.
Anti-Russian sentiment or Russophobia is a diverse spectrum of negative feelings, dislikes, fears, aversion, derision and/or prejudice of Russia, Russians or Russian culture.
Anti-sex may refer to.
Anti-Western sentiment, also known as Anti-Atlanticism refers to broad opposition or hostility to the people, culture, values, or policies of the Western World.
In Christianity, antichrist is a term found solely in the First Epistle of John and Second Epistle of John, and often lowercased in Bible translations, in accordance with its introductory appearance: "Children, it is the last hour! As you heard that antichrist is coming, so now many antichrists have come".
The antidoron is ordinary leavened bread which is blessed but not consecrated and distributed in Eastern Orthodox Churches and Eastern Catholic Churches that use the Byzantine Rite.
Antin Anhelovych (Антін Ангелович, Antoni Angełłowicz; 14 April 1756 – 9 August 1814) was the first Metropolitan Archbishop of the re-built Metropolitan of Lviv from 1808 until his death in 1814.
Antin Holovaty (Антiн Андрійович Головатий) or Anton Golovaty (Антон Андреевич Головатый); between 1732 and 1744 – January 28, 1797 was a prominent Zaporozhian Cossack leader who after the Zaporozhian Sich's destruction was a key figure in the formation of the Black Sea Cossack Host and their later resettlement to the Kuban Region of Russia.
The Antiochian Orthodox Christian Archdiocese of North America, often referred to in North America as simply the Antiochian Archdiocese, is the jurisdiction of the Greek Orthodox Church of Antioch in the United States and Canada.
Antisemitism in Russia is expressed in acts of hostility against Jews in Russia and the promotion of antisemitic views in Russian Federation.
Antisemitism in the Russian Empire included numerous pogroms and the designation of the Pale of Settlement, from which Jews were forbidden to migrate into the interior of Russia, unless they converted to the Russian Orthodox state religion.
Antisexualism is opposition or hostility towards sexual behavior and sexuality.
Anton Ivanovich Denikin (p; 8 August 1947) was a Russian Lieutenant General in the Imperial Russian Army (1916) and afterwards a leading general of the White movement in the Russian Civil War.
Anton I of Georgia (ანტონ I); –), born as Teimuraz Bagrationi, was the Catholicos–Patriarch of the Georgian Orthodox Church in the period 1744–1755 and again in 1764–1788.
Anton II the Great Martyr (ანტონ II), born Prince Royal Teimuraz (თეიმურაზ ბატონიშვილი), (8 January 1762 or 1763 – 21 December 1827) was a member of the Georgian royal family and churchman.
Anton Pann (born Antonie Pantoleon-Petroveanu, and also mentioned as Anton Pantoleon or Petrovici; 1790s—2 November 1854) was an Ottoman-born Wallachian composer, musicologist, and Romanian-language poet, also noted for his activities as a printer, translator, and schoolteacher.
Anton Grigorevich Rubinstein (r) was a Russian pianist, composer and conductor who became a pivotal figure in Russian culture when he founded the Saint Petersburg Conservatory.
Anton Salonen (Антон Салонен, born 3 October 2003) is a child with Russian-Finnish dual citizenship involved in an international child custody dispute between his parents.
The Antoniev Monastery ("St Anthony's Monastery", Антониев монастырь) rivalled the Yuriev Monastery as the most important monastery of medieval Novgorod the Great.
Antonievo-Siysky Monastery (Антониево-Сийский монастырь in Russian) is a Russian Orthodox monastery that was founded by Saint Anthony of Siya deep in the woods, 90 km to the south of Kholmogory, in 1520.
Antonio Mennini (born 2 September 1947) is an Italian prelate of the Roman Catholic Church. He served as the Nuncio to Great Britain from 18 December 2010, having been appointed by Pope Benedict XVI, until 6 February 2017 when Pope Francis transferred him to work in the Secretariat of State in Rome where he is responsible for relations between the Holy See and Italy. Besides his native Italian, he can speak English, French, Spanish, German, Bulgarian and Russian.
Metropolitan Antony, or Anthony (Митрополит Антоний, secular name Aleksey Pavlovich Khrapovitsky, Алексей Павлович Храповицкий; 17 March (O.S.) 1863 – 10 August 1936) was a bishop of the Russian Orthodox Church in the Russian Empire, the Metropolitan of Kiev and Galicia, who after the defeat of Gen Pyotr Wrangel′s White Army in South Russia in November 1920 emigrated and in 1921 settled down in Sremski Karlovci, Serbia.
Apollon Nikolayevich Maykov (Аполло́н Никола́евич Ма́йков,, Moscow –, Saint Petersburg) was a Russian poet, best known for his lyric verse showcasing images of Russian villages, nature, and history.
The Apostolic Nunciature to Russia is the diplomatic mission of the Holy See in the Russian Federation.
In Catholicism, an apostolic see is any episcopal see whose foundation is attributed to one or more of the apostles of Jesus.
Apostolic succession is the method whereby the ministry of the Christian Church is held to be derived from the apostles by a continuous succession, which has usually been associated with a claim that the succession is through a series of bishops.
April is the fourth month of the year in the Gregorian calendar, the fifth in the early Julian, the first of four months to have a length of 30 days, and the second of five months to have a length of less than 31 days.
The following events occurred in April 1925.
The following events occurred in April 1959.
Russia–Arab League relations include various contacts between the Russian Federation and the multi-state Arab organization.
Arai Osui (新井奥邃) (1846—1922) was a prominent Japanese disciple of the 19th century cult leader, Thomas Lake Harris.
The Arberia Parish (Parrocchia ortodossa arbëresh del Patriarcato di Mosca) is an Eastern Orthodox Christian parish subordinated to the Russian Orthodox Church (Patriarchate of Moscow).
In Christianity, an archbishop (via Latin archiepiscopus, from Greek αρχιεπίσκοπος, from αρχι-, 'chief', and επίσκοπος, 'bishop') is a bishop of higher rank or office.
The Archdiocese of America, better known as the Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America, is a jurisdiction of the Eastern Orthodox Church under the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople.
The Archdiocese of Russian Orthodox churches in Western Europe (officially the Patriarchal Exarchate for Orthodox Parishes of the Russian Tradition in Western Europe) is a patriarchal exarchate of the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople, following the Russian Orthodox tradition, based in Paris, and having parishes throughout Europe, mainly centered in France.
The Archdiocese of the Goths and the Northlands is an Eastern Orthodox church affiliated with the Russian True Orthodox Church (also known as "catacombists", a splinter group not to be confused with the Russian Orthodox Church).
The title archimandrite (ἀρχιμανδρίτης archimandritis), primarily used in the Eastern Orthodox and the Eastern Catholic churches, originally referred to a superior abbot whom a bishop appointed to supervise several 'ordinary' abbots (each styled hegumenos) and monasteries, or to the abbot of some especially great and important monastery.
Aristocleus of Athos (Аристоклий, Афонский & Московский) (1838–1918) was a 19th-century Saint and martyr of the Russian Orthodox Church.
The brothers Arkady (Аркадий; 28 August 1925 – 12 October 1991) and Boris (Бори́с; 14 April 1933 – 19 November 2012) Strugatsky (Струга́цкий; alternate spellings: Strugatskiy, Strugatski, Strugatskii) were Soviet-Russian science fiction authors who collaborated through most of their careers.
Arkady Mikhailovich Chernetsky (Арка́дий Миха́йлович Черне́цкий) (born May 8, 1950) is a Russian politician who has served as Mayor of Yekaterinburg, Sverdlovsk Oblast, Russia since January 1992 to November 2, 2010.
Arkaim (Аркаим) is an archaeological site in Russia, situated in the steppe of the Southern Ural, north-to-northwest of the village of Amursky and south-to-southeast of the village of Alexandrovsky in the Chelyabinsk Oblast of Russia, just north of the border with Kazakhstan.
Arkhangelsk Oblast (Арха́нгельская о́бласть, Arkhangelskaya oblast) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast).
The Arnau Church of St.
Arnold Meri (1 July 1919 – 27 March 2009) was a Soviet Red Army veteran of World War II and Hero of the Soviet Union who was charged with genocide for his role in the deportation of Estonians to the inhospitable regions of the USSR.
Around the World in 80 Faiths is a British television series which was first broadcast by the BBC on 2 January 2009.
Metropolitan Arsenius (secular name Alexander Ivanovich Matseyevich, Александр Иванович Мацеевич; 1697, Volodymyr-Volynskyi – February 28, 1772) was bishop of the Russian Orthodox Church, metropolitan of Rostov and Yaroslavl who protested against the confiscation of the church's land by Empress Catherine II in 1764.
Artemius (Artemy) of Verkola (Артемий Веркольский; 1532 - 23 June 1544) is a child saint venerated in the Russian Orthodox Church.
Artemy (Артемий), sometimes romanized as Artemiy, Artemi, or Artemij, is a churchly form of the Russian male first name Artyom.
Artemy Yakovlevich Tereshchenko (Арте́мий Я́ковлевич Тере́щенко; Арте́м Я́кович Тере́щенко; 1794 – 1873) was the first entrepreneur in Tereshchenko family and the founder of the Tereshchenko dynasty, which is in the list of the most wealthiest families in the world.
Санкт-Петербург, Царское Село, Софийская пл., 1 |country.
The Ascension Cathedral (also known as Zenkov Cathedral) is a Russian Orthodox cathedral located in Panfilov Park in Almaty, Kazakhstan.
Church of the Ascension of the Lord (Храм Вознесения Господня) ― an Orthodox church, built in 1910-1913 on the territory of the Brethren Cemetery in Rostov-on-Don, Russia.
The Church of the Ascension of Christ (Вознесенская церковь) is a four-piered penticupolar Orthodox church erected in Kondakovo, a western suburb of Yaroslavl between 1677 and 1682.
The ascension of Jesus (anglicized from the Vulgate Latin Acts 1:9-11 section title: Ascensio Iesu) is the departure of Christ from Earth into the presence of God.
The Ascension of Our Lord Chapel is a historic Russian Orthodox chapel in Karluk, Alaska.
The Church of St.
Asperges is a name given to the rite of sprinkling a congregation with holy water.
An aspergillum (less commonly, aspergilium or aspergil) is a liturgical implement used to sprinkle holy water.
The Assembly of Canonical Orthodox Bishops of North and Central America (formerly the Episcopal Assembly of North and Central America) is an organization of church hierarchs of Eastern Orthodox Churches in North and Central America.
Assisted suicide is suicide committed with the aid of another person, sometimes a physician.
Assistens Cemetery (Danish: Assistens Kirkegård) in Copenhagen, Denmark, is the burial site of a large number of Danish notables as well as an important greenspace in the Nørrebro district.
The Assumption Cathedral (Russian language: Успенский собор) in Omsk is one of the largest churches in Siberia.
Assumption Cathedral, also Dormition Cathedral (Успенский Собор) in the selo of Staraya Ladoga, Volkhovsky District, Leningrad Oblast, Russia is one of the oldest churches of Russia, dating from the second half of the 12th century.
The Assyrian–Chaldean–Syriac diaspora (Syriac: ܓܠܘܬܐ, Galuta, "exile") refers to Assyrians living in communities outside their ancestral homeland.
Assyrians in Iran (آشوریان ایران), are an ethnoreligious and linguistic minority in present-day Iran.
Astana (Астана, Astana) is the capital city of Kazakhstan.
Astrakhan (p) is a city in southern Russia and the administrative center of Astrakhan Oblast.
Astrakhan Oblast (Астраха́нская о́бласть, Astrakhanskaya oblast) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast) located in southern Russia.
Athanasius III Patellarios (to the world Alexios Patellarios, Αλέξιος Πατελλάριος, Алексий Пателла́рий; 1597 – 5 April 1654) was the Patriarch of Constantinople in 1634, 1635 and 1652.
The holy hieromartyr Athanasius of Brest-Litovsk (killed on September 5, 1648 in Brest-Litovsk) is a saint and martyr of the Russian Orthodox Church.
August is the eighth month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian calendars, and the fifth of seven months to have a length of 31 days.
August Volz (Augusts Folcs; 27 February 1851 – 20 June 1926) was a German sculptor.
Australia–Russia relations (Российско-австралийские отношения) date back to 1807, when the Russian warship ''Neva'' arrived in Sydney as part of its circumnavigation of the globe.
Austria participated in the Eurovision Song Contest 2014 with the song "Rise Like a Phoenix", written by Charlie Mason, Joey Patulka, Ali Zuckowski and Julian Maas.
Autocephaly (from αὐτοκεφαλία, meaning "property of being self-headed") is the status of a hierarchical Christian Church whose head bishop does not report to any higher-ranking bishop (used especially in Eastern Orthodox, Oriental Orthodox and Independent Catholic churches).
For the Russian-American Metropolia (1924-1970), see Orthodox Church in America.
Autonomous Orthodox Metropolis of Ecuador and Latin America is an Old Calendarist jurisdiction which originally comprised the archdiocese in South America and Caribbean of the Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church in America, subsequently becoming a Metropolis, affiliated to the "Holy Metropolitan Synod of Avlona and Boeotia" (in Greece) in 2010.
Avdey (Авде́й) is an uncommonNikonov, p. 96 Russian male first name.
Avdotya (Авдо́тья) or Avdotia is a Russian feminine given name.
Avksenty (Авксе́нтий) is a Russian Christian male first name.
Avtonom (Автоно́м) is a Russian Christian male first name.
Avvakum Petrov (Авва́кум Петро́в; November 20, 1620/21 – April 14, 1682) was a Russian protopope of the Kazan Cathedral on Red Square who led the opposition to Patriarch Nikon's reforms of the Russian Orthodox Church.
Ayedonitsky (Аедони́цкий; masculine) or Ayedonitskaya (Аедони́цкая; feminine) is a Russian last name.
Saint George's Day (Ђурђевдан/Đurđevdan,; Гергьовден Gerg’ovden; Ѓурѓовден, Ǵurǵovden; Его́рий Ве́шний, Юрьев день весенний, Yegóriy Véshniy, Yuriev Den Vesenniy, "George's in spring") is a Slavic religious holiday, the feast of Saint George celebrated on 23 April by the Julian calendar (6 May by the Gregorian calendar).
Bad Kreuznach is a town in the Bad Kreuznach district in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany.
Bad Münster am Stein-Ebernburg is a spa town of about 4,000 inhabitants (as of 2004) in the Bad Kreuznach district in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany.
Bad Sobernheim is a town in the Bad Kreuznach district in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany.
Baden-Baden is a spa town located in the state of Baden-Württemberg in southwestern Germany.
Baja CaliforniaSometimes informally referred to as Baja California Norte (North Lower California) to distinguish it from both the Baja California Peninsula, of which it forms the northern half, and Baja California Sur, the adjacent state that covers the southern half of the peninsula.
The balalaika (балала́йка) is a Russian stringed musical instrument with a characteristic triangular wooden, hollow body and three strings.
Balalaika is a 1939 American musical romance film based on the 1936 London stage musical of the same name.
Uniatism, method of union of the past, and the present search for full communion, also known as the Balamand declaration and the Balamand document, is a 1993 report written by the Joint International Commission for Theological Dialogue Between the Catholic Church and the Orthodox Church during its 7th plenary session at Balamand School of Theology in Lebanon.
Balashikha (p) is a city in Moscow Oblast, Russia, located on the Pekhorka River east of Moscow Ring Road.
The Balkan mountain range (Bulgarian and Стара планина, Latin Serbian Stara planina, "Old Mountain") is a mountain range in the eastern part of the Balkan Peninsula.
The Baltic states, also known as the Baltic countries, Baltic republics, Baltic nations or simply the Baltics (Balti riigid, Baltimaad, Baltijas valstis, Baltijos valstybės), is a geopolitical term used for grouping the three sovereign countries in Northern Europe on the eastern coast of the Baltic Sea: Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania.
Baltiysk (Балти́йск), before 1946 known by its German name Pillau (Piława; Piliava; Yiddish: פּילאַווע, Pilave), is a seaport town and the administrative center of Baltiysky District in Kaliningrad Oblast, Russia, located on the northern part of the Vistula Spit, on the shore of the Strait of Baltiysk separating the Vistula Lagoon from the Gdańsk Bay.
Baltiyskaya (Балтийская) is a station on the Moscow Central Circle of the Moscow Metro that opened in September 2016.
Bandy is a team winter sport played on ice, in which skaters use sticks to direct a ball into the opposing team's goal.
A baptismal font is an article of church furniture used for baptism.
The Baptist Church in Ukraine (Баптизм в Україні) is one of the oldest and most widespread Protestant Christian denominations in the country.
Varvara Alexeyevna Yakovleva (Варвара Алексеевна Яковлева; died July 18, 1918), called Nun Barbara (Инокиня Варвара), was a Russian Orthodox nun in the convent of Grand Duchess Elizabeth Fyodorovna.
Bari (Barese: Bare; Barium; translit) is the capital city of the Metropolitan City of Bari and of the Apulia region, on the Adriatic Sea, in southern Italy.
Monk Barlaam (Монах Варлаам; secular name Gregory Stepanovich Shyshatsky, 12 March 1750, village Krasilovka, Kozeletskyy uezd, Chernigov province - 23 July 1820, Novgorod-Seversky) was defroched Archbishop of Mogilev and Vitebsk of the Russian Orthodox Church.
Barlaam of Chikoy (Варлаам Чикойский - Varlaam Chikoysky, secular name Vasily Fedorovich Nadezhdin, Василий Федотович Надежин; born 1774, village Meresevo, Lukyanovsky uezd, Nizhny Novgorod Governorate — died January 23, 1846, Urluk volost), was a Russian Orthodox Church hermit and celibate priest famous for his missionary activities in Transbaikal, the founder of John the Precursor's secluded monastery in the Chikoy Mounts.
Barlaam of Kiev (Варлаам Печерский, Varlaam Pecherskiy) (11th century) was an Eastern Orthodox saint.
Bartholomew Remov (born Nikolai Fedorovich Remov, October 3, 1888, Moscow, Russian Empire – June 26, 1935, Butyrka Prison, Moscow, Soviet Union), was a Russian Orthodox bishop, representative to Metropolitan Peter, the locum tenens of the late Patriarch Tikhon.
Moran Mar Baselios Mar Thoma Mathews I (27 March 1907 – 8 November 1996) was the Supreme head of the Indian Orthodox Church, which is also known as Malankara Orthodox Syrian Church.
The Bashkir Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (Башҡорт Автономиялы Совет Социалистик Республикаhы; Башкирская Автономная Советская Социалистическая Республика, Bashkirskaya Avtonomnaya Sovetskaya Sotsialisticheskaya Respublika); also known as Soviet Bashkortostan or simply Bashkortostan was an Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic within the Russian SFSR.
The Republic of Bashkortostan (Башҡортостан Республикаһы, p), also historically known as Bashkiria (p), is a federal subject of Russia (a republic (state)).
Basil the Blessed (known also as Basil, fool for Christ; Basil, Wonderworker of Moscow; or Blessed Basil of Moscow, fool for Christ Василий Блаженный, Vasily Blazhenny) is a Russian Orthodox saint of the type known as yurodivy or "holy fool for Christ".
Basil or Vasiľ Hopko (April 24, 1904, Hrabské — July 23, 1976) was an eparch (bishop) of the Slovak Greek Catholic Church.
Vasilii Kalika (Василий Калика) was Archbishop of Novgorod the Great and Pskov from 1330 to 1352.
The Pontifical Basilica di San Nicola (Basilica of Saint Nicholas) is a church in Bari, southern Italy that holds wide religious significance throughout Europe and the Christian world.
Basso profondo (Italian: "deep bass"), sometimes basso profundo or contrabass, is the bass voice subtype with the lowest vocal range.
The Batignolles Cemetery (Cimetière des Batignolles) is a cemetery in Paris.
This is a sub-article to Battle of Narva. The Battle of Narva Bridgehead (Estonian: Narva lahingud; German: Schlacht um den Brückenkopf von Narva; Russian: Битва за плацдарм Нарва; 2 February – 26 July 1944) was the campaign that stalled the Soviet Estonian Operation in the surroundings of the town of Narva for six months.
The Battle of Sitka (1804) was the last major armed conflict between Russians and Alaska Natives, and was initiated in response to the destruction of a Russian trading post two years before.
The Battle on the Ice (Ледовое побоище, Ledovoye poboish'ye); Schlacht auf dem Eise; Jäälahing; Schlacht auf dem Peipussee) was fought between the Republic of Novgorod led by prince Alexander Nevsky and the crusader army led by the Livonian branch of the Teutonic Knights on April 5, 1242, at Lake Peipus. The battle is notable for having been fought largely on the frozen lake, and this gave the battle its name. The battle was a significant defeat sustained by the crusaders during the Northern Crusades, which were directed against pagans and Eastern Orthodox Christians rather than Muslims in the Holy Land. The Crusaders' defeat in the battle marked the end of their campaigns against the Orthodox Novgorod Republic and other Slavic territories for the next century. The event was glorified in Sergei Eisenstein's historical drama film Alexander Nevsky, released in 1938, which created a popular image of the battle often mistaken for the real events. Sergei Prokofiev turned his score for the film into a concert cantata of the same title, with "The Battle on the Ice" being its longest movement.
A beard is the collection of hair that grows on the chin and cheeks of humans and some non-human animals.
Beglopopovtsy (p, "runaway priests") was one of the denominations among the Popovtsy, who belonged to the Old Believers.
Beheading was a standard method of execution in pre-modern Islamic law, similarly to pre-modern European law.
The Beheading of Saint John the Baptist, also known as the Decollation of Saint John the Baptist or the Beheading of the Forerunner, is a holy day observed by various Christian churches that follow liturgical traditions.
Beit Jala (بيت جالا) is a Palestinian Christian town in the Bethlehem Governorate of the West Bank.
Belarus (Беларусь, Biełaruś,; Беларусь, Belarus'), officially the Republic of Belarus (Рэспубліка Беларусь; Республика Беларусь), formerly known by its Russian name Byelorussia or Belorussia (Белоруссия, Byelorussiya), is a landlocked country in Eastern Europe bordered by Russia to the northeast, Ukraine to the south, Poland to the west, and Lithuania and Latvia to the northwest.
The Belarusian Greek Catholic Church (Беларуская грэка-каталіцкая царква, BHKC), sometimes called, in reference to its Byzantine Rite, the Belarusian Byzantine Catholic Church, is the heir within Belarus of the Union of Brest.
Belarusian Orthodox Church (Беларуская праваслаўная царква, Белорусская православная церковь) is the official name of the Belarusian Exarchate (Беларускі экзархат, Белорусский экзархат) of the Russian Orthodox Church in Belarus.
The orthography of the Belarusian language was reformed in 1933 under Soviet rule.
A presidential election was held in Belarus on 19 December 2010.
Belgorod (p) is a city and the administrative center of Belgorod Oblast, Russia, located on the Seversky Donets River north of the border with Ukraine.
Belgorod Oblast (Белгоро́дская о́бласть, Belgorodskaya oblast) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast).
Belkofoski is a small unincorporated community in the Aleutians East Borough in Alaska.
A bell-ringer is a person who rings a bell, usually a church bell, by means of a rope or other mechanism.
Benediction of the Blessed Sacrament, also callled Benediction with the Blessed Sacrament or the Rite of Eucharistic Exposition and Benediction, is a devotional ceremony, celebrated especially in the Roman Catholic Church, but also in some other Christian traditions such as Anglo-Catholicism, whereby a bishop, priest, or a deacon blesses the congregation with the Eucharist at the end of a period of adoration.
Metropolitan Benjamin or Veniamin (Митрополит Вениамин, born Iván Afanásevich Fédchenkov, Иван Афанасьевич Федченков; 14 September 1880 – 4 October 1961) was a Bishop of the Russian Church, Orthodox missionary and writer.
Bergen, historically Bjørgvin, is a city and municipality in Hordaland on the west coast of Norway.
Bergen County is the most populous county in the U.S. state of New Jersey.
The Berlin-Tegel Russian Orthodox Cemetery (Russischer Friedhof Berlin-Tegel) is the only Russian Orthodox burial ground in Berlin.
The Besermyan, Biserman, Besermans or Besermens (бесермяне, besermyane singular: besermyanin, бесерманъёс, bisermännär) are a numerically small Finno-Ugric ethnic group in Russia.
The Beslan school siege (also referred to as the Beslan school hostage crisis or Beslan massacre) started on 1 September 2004, lasted three days, involved the illegal imprisonment of over 1,100 people as hostages (including 777 children), and ended with the deaths of at least 334 people.
Bessarabia Oblast was an oblast (1812–1871) and later a guberniya (Guberniya of Bessarabia, 1871–1917) in the Russian Empire.
Bethel (Mamterilleq in Central Alaskan Yup'ik) is a city located near the west coast of the U.S. state of Alaska, approximately west of Anchorage, in the Bethel Census Area.
The Bibi-Heybat Mosque (Bibiheybət məscidi) is a historical mosque in Baku, Azerbaijan.
The Bible (from Koine Greek τὰ βιβλία, tà biblía, "the books") is a collection of sacred texts or scriptures that Jews and Christians consider to be a product of divine inspiration and a record of the relationship between God and humans.
Translations into Old Church Slavonic The oldest translation of the Bible into a Slavic language, Old Church Slavonic, has close connections with the activity of the two apostles to the Slavs, Cyril and Methodius, in Great Moravia in 864–865.
Bible translations into Eskimo-Aleut languages include.
A portion of the Bible, Matthew's gospel, was first translated into Tlingit of Alaska by Ivan Nadezhdin of the Russian Orthodox Church in 1859.
Big Diomede Island (о́стров Ратма́нова, ostrov Ratmanova (Russian for Ratmanov Island); Inupiat: Imaqłiq) or "Tomorrow Island" (due to the International Date Line) is the western island of the two Diomede Islands in the middle of the Bering Strait.
Bilston is a town in the English county of West Midlands, situated in the southeastern corner of the City of Wolverhampton.
Birdtown is a neighborhood of Lakewood, Ohio, in the Greater Cleveland area.
Birmingham is the most populous city in the U.S. state of Alabama and the seat of Jefferson County.
A Bishop in the Orthodox Christian Church is the highest spiritual office within the Universal Church.
The Bishops' Council of the Russian Orthodox Church (Архиерейский собор Русской Православной Церкви) is a local Council, which involves only the bishops, is a formal gathering or council of bishops together with other clerical and lay delegates representing the church to deal with matters of faith, morality, rite, and canonical and cultural life.
Fr Bishoy Kamel also spelled Fr Bishoi Kamel (1931–1979), was a priest of the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria.
Bjärka-Säby Château (Nya slottet Bjärka-Säby) is a baroque style château located south of Linköping, in Östergötland County, Sweden.
Blachernitissa (Βλαχερνίτισσα), also called Theotokos of Blachernae (Θεοτόκος των Βλαχερνών, Θεοτόκος η Βλαχερνίτισσα) or Our Lady of Blachernae (Παναγία η Βλαχερνίτισσα), is a 7th-century encaustic icon representing the Most Holy Theotokos and Ever-Virgin Mary.
The Blank family is a family of Jews, some of whom converted to Orthodox Christianity in the Russian Empire, mostly notable as the immediate ancestry of the maternal grandfather of Vladimir Lenin according to various published researchers who suggest that Lenin's maternal grandfather was a Jewish convert to Christianity (Alexander Blank).
Blessed Be the Host of the Heavenly Tsar (Благословенно воинство Небесного Царя), also known as the Ecclesia militans ("The Church Militant"), is a grand Russian Orthodox icon commemorating the conquest of Kazan by Ivan IV of Russia (1552).
In religion, a blessing (also used to refer to bestowing of such) is the infusion of something with holiness, spiritual redemption, or divine will.
Blood libel (also blood accusation) is an accusationTurvey, Brent E. Criminal Profiling: An Introduction to Behavioral Evidence Analysis, Academic Press, 2008, p. 3.
The Blue Division (División Azul, Blaue Division), officially designated as División Española de Voluntarios by the Spanish Army and 250.
The Monastery of St. Nino at Bodbe (ბოდბის წმინდა ნინოს მონასტერი, bodbis ts’minda Ninos monasteri) is a Georgian Orthodox monastic complex and the seat of the Bishops of Bodbe located 2 km from the town of Sighnaghi, Kakheti, Georgia.
Bogolyubovo (Боголю́бово) is a rural locality (a settlement) in Suzdalsky District of Vladimir Oblast, Russia, located some northeast of Vladimir, the administrative center of the oblast.
Bolshoy Solovetsky Island (Большой Соловецкий остров), or simply Solovetsky Island (Соловецкий остров) is the biggest island of the Solovetsky Islands archipelago in the White Sea, northern Russia.
Boris, Borys or Barys (Bulgarian, Russian, Serbian, Борис; Барыс) is a male name of Bulgarian origin.
Boris Mikhailovich Donskoy (Борис Михайлович Донской) (1894 – 10 August 1918) was a Russian terrorist-revolutionary.
Boris Fyodorovich Godunov (Бори́с Фёдорович Годуно́в,; c. 1551) ruled the Tsardom of Russia as de facto regent from c. 1585 to 1598 and then as the first non-Rurikid tsar from 1598 to 1605.
Boris Godunov (Борис Годунов, Borís Godunóv) is an opera by Modest Mussorgsky (1839–1881).
Boris Borisovich Grebenshchikov (Бори́с Бори́сович Гребенщико́в), stage name Boris Grebenshikov, also known as Boris Purushottama Grebenshikov, is one of the most prominent members of the generation which is widely considered the "founding fathers" of Russian rock music.
Boris Vyacheslavovich Gryzlov (also spelled Grizlov; Борис Вячеславович Грызлов,; born December 15, 1950), is a Russian politician.
Boris Mikhailovich Ledkovsky (Бори́с Миха́йлович Ледко́вский; 9 May 1894 in Agrafenovka, Don Host Oblast — 6 August 1975 in Jordanville, New York) was a Russian-American composer of Church music and father of composer Alexander Ledkovsky.
Boris Yefimovich Nemtsov (p; 9 October 195927 February 2015) was a Russian physicist and liberal politician.
Boris Leonidovich Pasternak (|p|æ|s|t|ər|ˌ|n|æ|k) (29 January 1890 - 30 May 1960) was a Soviet Russian poet, novelist, and literary translator.
Boris Viktorovich Rauschenbach (Russian language: Борис Викторович Раушенбах) (18 January 1915, Petrograd – 27 March 2001, Moscow) was a preeminent Soviet physicist and rocket engineer, who developed the theory and instruments for interplanetary flight control and navigation in 1955-1960s.
Boris Shiryaev (born October 27 (November 8), 1889 in Moscow, Russian Empire - died on April 17, 1959 in San Remo, Italy) was a Russian writer of the "second wave" of exile and a participant of the Russian apostolate in the Russian Diaspora.
Boris Vasilievich Spassky (Бори́с Васи́льевич Спа́сский; born January 30, 1937) is a Russian chess grandmaster.
Boris Vladimirovich Stomakhin (Russian: Борис Владимирович Стомахин) (born August 24, 1974, Moscow) is a Russian radical political activist, and editor of "Radical politics" periodical.
Borisoglebsk (Борисогле́бск) is a town in Voronezh Oblast, Russia, located on the left bank of the Vorona River near its confluence with the Khopyor.
The Borki train disaster occurred on October 29, 1888, near Borki station in the former Kharkov Governorate of the Russian Empire (present-day Kharkiv Oblast of Ukraine), 295 kilometers south of Kursk, when the imperial train carrying Tsar Alexander III of Russia and his family from Crimea to Saint Petersburg derailed at high speed.
Boswell is a borough in Somerset County, Pennsylvania, United States.
Branch theory is a Protestant ecclesiological proposition that the One, Holy, Catholic, and Apostolic Church includes various Christian denominations whether in formal communion or not.
Brīvības iela is the central street of Riga, the capital of Latvia.
Bread and salt is a welcome greeting ceremony in Slavic and other European cultures and in Middle Eastern cultures.
Bride kidnapping, also known as marriage by abduction or marriage by capture, is a practice in which a man abducts the woman he wishes to marry.
The Brodsky Choral Synagogue is the largest synagogue in Kyiv, Ukraine.
Bronislava Nijinska (Bronisława Niżyńska; Бронисла́ва Фоми́нична Нижи́нская, Bronislava Fominichna Nizhinskaya, Браніслава Ніжынская); (– February 21, 1972) was a Polish ballet dancer, and an innovative choreographer.
Brookside is a former mining town, predominantly settled by Eastern European immigrants, located in north-central Jefferson County, Alabama, United States.
The Brotherhood of Russian Truth (Братство Русской Правды.) was a Russian counter-revolutionary nationalist organization established in 1921 by Pyotr Krasnov and other former members of the White movement, including Prince Anatoly Lieven, to overthrow Bolshevism in Soviet Russia.
Bryansk Oblast (Бря́нская о́бласть, Bryanskaya oblast) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast).
Buddhism in Mongolia derives much of its recent characteristics from Tibetan Buddhism of the Gelug and Kagyu lineages, but is distinct and presents its own unique characteristics.
The Bulgarian Orthodox Church (Българска православна църква, Balgarska pravoslavna tsarkva) is an autocephalous Orthodox Church.
The Republic of Buryatia (p; Buryaad Ulas) is a federal subject of Russia (a republic), located in Asia in Siberia.
The Butovo Firing Range or Butovo Shooting Range (Бутовский полигон) is a former private estate near the village of Drozhzhino (Дрожжино) in the Yuzhnoye Butovo District south of Moscow that was seized by the Soviets after the 1917 revolution and thereafter used by their secret police as an agricultural colony, shooting range, and from 1938 to 1953, as a site for executions and mass graves of persons deemed "enemies of the people." During Josef Stalin's Great Terror from 1937 to 1938, more than 20,000 political prisoners were transported to the site and executed by gunshot.
The Byzantine Rite, also known as the Greek Rite or Constantinopolitan Rite, is the liturgical rite used by the Eastern Orthodox Church as well as by certain Eastern Catholic Churches; also, parts of it are employed by, as detailed below, other denominations.
Byzantine Rite Christianity in Canada refers to all Eastern Orthodox, Eastern Catholic, and independent groups in Canada who use the Byzantine Rite.
Byzantinism, or Byzantism, is the political system and culture of the Byzantine Empire, and its spiritual successors, in particular, the Christian Balkan states (Greece, Bulgaria, Serbia) and Orthodox countries in Eastern Europe (Georgia, Ukraine, Belarus and most importantly, Russia).
The cabin of Peter the Great (Russian: Domik Petra I or Domik Petra Pervogo or Domik Petra Velikogo) is a small wooden house which was the first St Petersburg "palace" of Tsar Peter the Great.
Caesaropapism is the idea of combining the power of secular government with the religious power, or of making secular authority superior to the spiritual authority of the Church; especially concerning the connection of the Church with government.
The calendar of saints is a traditional Christian method of organizing a liturgical year by associating each day with one or more saints and referring to the day as the feast day or feast of said saint.
Callistratus (კალისტრატე, Kalistrate) (Kalistrate Tsintsadze) (April 24, 1866 – February 2, 1952) was a Catholicos-Patriarch of All Georgia from June 21, 1932 until his death.
Cambridge is a university city and the county town of Cambridgeshire, England, on the River Cam approximately north of London.
A canon is a structured hymn used in a number of Eastern Orthodox services.
Canon law (from Greek kanon, a 'straight measuring rod, ruler') is a set of ordinances and regulations made by ecclesiastical authority (Church leadership), for the government of a Christian organization or church and its members.
A canonical territory is a geographical area seen as belonging to a particular patriarchate or autocephalous Church as its own.
Canonization is the act by which a Christian church declares that a person who has died was a saint, upon which declaration the person is included in the "canon", or list, of recognized saints.
The canonization of the Romanovs was the elevation to sainthood of the last Imperial Family of Russia – Tsar Nicholas II, his wife Tsarina Alexandra, and their five children Olga, Tatiana, Maria, Anastasia, and Alexei – by the Russian Orthodox Church.
A capital city (or simply capital) is the municipality exercising primary status in a country, state, province, or other administrative region, usually as its seat of government.
Cappella Romana is a vocal ensemble founded in 1991 in Portland, Oregon.
Carpathian Ruthenia, Carpatho-Ukraine or Zakarpattia (Rusyn and Карпатська Русь, Karpats'ka Rus' or Закарпаття, Zakarpattja; Slovak and Podkarpatská Rus; Kárpátalja; Transcarpatia; Zakarpacie; Karpatenukraine) is a historic region in the border between Central and Eastern Europe, mostly located in western Ukraine's Zakarpattia Oblast, with smaller parts in easternmost Slovakia (largely in Prešov Region and Košice Region) and Poland's Lemkovyna.
is an American actor, sports physiologist, martial artist, and stuntman of Japanese descent.
The Russian True Orthodox Church (Russkaya istinno-pravoslavnaya tserkov), commonly known as the Catacomb Church (Katakombnaya tserkov), is a denomination that separated from the Russian Orthodox Church during the early years of Communist rule in the Soviet Union.
A cathedra (Latin, "chair", from Greek, καθέδρα kathédra, "seat") or bishop's throne is the seat of a bishop.
Cathedral of Ani (Անիի մայր տաճար, Anii mayr tačar; Ani Katedrali) is the largest standing building in Ani, capital of medieval Bagratid Armenia, located in present-day eastern Turkey, on the border with modern Armenia.
The Cathedral of Christ the Saviour (Храм Христа Спасителя, Khram Khrista Spasitelya) is a Russian Orthodox cathedral in Moscow, Russia, on the northern bank of the Moskva River, a few hundred metres southwest of the Kremlin.
The Cathedral of Christ the Saviour (Храм Христа Спасителя, Khram Khrista Spasitelya) in the Russian city of Kaliningrad (formerly Königsberg) is the largest church of Kaliningrad Oblast.
The Cathedral of Kars, also known as the Holy Apostles Church (Կարսի Սուրբ Առաքելոց եկեղեցի, Karsi Surb Arakelots' yekeghets'i; Aziz Havariler Kilisesi or "Church of the Twelve Apostles" 12 Havariler Kilisesi) is a former Armenian Apostolic church in Kars, eastern Turkey.
The Cathedral of St. Sophia (the Holy Wisdom of God) in Veliky Novgorod is the cathedral church of the Archbishop of Novgorod and the mother church of the Novgorodian Eparchy.
The Cathedral of St.
The Cathedral of the Annunciation (Благовещенский собор, or Blagoveschensky sobor) is a Russian Orthodox church dedicated to the Annunciation of the Theotokos.
The Cathedral of the Archangel (Архангельский собор, or Arkhangelsky sobor) is a Russian Orthodox church dedicated to the Archangel Michael.
The Cathedral of the Assumption of the Virgin (Успенский кафедральный собор) or Dormition Cathedral (a equivalent term) is the Russian Orthodox cathedral of the diocese of Tashkent in Uzbekistan since 1945.
The Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception of the Holy Virgin Mary is a neo-Gothic Roman Catholic Church at Moscow's center, that serves as the cathedral of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Moscow.
Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary, formerly Dominican Church, is a Ukrainian Greek Catholic Cathderal in Ternopil, Ukraine overseen by the Ternopil–Zboriv Archdiocese.
The Cathedral of the Intercession of the Holy Virgin (Собор Покрова Пресвятой Богородицы) is a Russian Orthodox cathedral in Shakhty, Rostov Oblast, Russia that belongs to the Diocese of Shakhty and Millerovo and was built in 1902.
The Russian Orthodox Cathedral of the Most Holy Trinity (Catedral Ortodoxa Rusa de la Santísima Trinidad) is an Eastern Orthodox church building in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
Cathedral of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary (Кафедральный собор во имя Рождества Пресвятой Богородицы) ― a cathedral of the Diocese of Rostov and Novocherkassk.
Cathedral of the Nativity (Кафедральный собор Рождества Христова) ― a cathedral of Volgodonsk Diocese situated in the city of Volgodonsk, Rostov Oblast, Russia.
The Cathedral of the Theotokos in Vilnius is the main Orthodox Christian church of the Republic of Lithuania.
Ekaterina Fyodorovna Kolyschkine de Hueck Doherty, better known as Catherine Doherty (August 15, 1896 – December 14, 1985), was a Catholic social worker and founder of the Madonna House Apostolate. A pioneer of social justice and a renowned national speaker, Doherty was also a prolific writer of hundreds of articles, best-selling author of dozens of books, and a dedicated wife and mother. Her cause for canonization as a saint is under consideration by the Catholic Church., catherinedoherty.org.
Catherine I (Yekaterina I Alekseyevna, born, later known as Marta Samuilovna Skavronskaya; –) was the second wife of Peter the Great and Empress of Russia from 1725 until her death.
Saint Catherine of Alexandria, or Saint Catharine of Alexandria, also known as Saint Catherine of the Wheel and The Great Martyr Saint Catherine (Ϯⲁⲅⲓⲁ Ⲕⲁⲧⲧⲣⲓⲛ, ἡ Ἁγία Αἰκατερίνη ἡ Μεγαλομάρτυς – translation: Holy Catherine the Great Martyr) is, according to tradition, a Christian saint and virgin, who was martyred in the early 4th century at the hands of the pagan emperor Maxentius.
Grand Duchess Catherine Pavlovna of Russia (Екатерина Павловна; 21 May 1788 – 9 January 1819) later Queen Catharina of Württemberg, was the fourth daughter of Tsar Paul I of Russia and Princess Sophie Dorothea of Württemberg.
Catherine II (Russian: Екатерина Алексеевна Yekaterina Alekseyevna; –), also known as Catherine the Great (Екатери́на Вели́кая, Yekaterina Velikaya), born Princess Sophie of Anhalt-Zerbst, was Empress of Russia from 1762 until 1796, the country's longest-ruling female leader.
The Catholic Church in Georgia, since the 11th-century East–West Schism, has been composed mainly of Latin-Rite Catholics; Catholic communities of the Armenian Rite have existed in the country since the 18th century.
The Catholic Church in Lithuania is part of the worldwide Catholic Church, under the spiritual leadership of the Pope in Rome.
The Catholic Church in Russia is part of the worldwide Catholic Church, under the spiritual leadership of the Pope in Rome.
The Catholicate of Abkhazia (აფხაზეთის საკათალიკოსო) was a subdivision of the Georgian Orthodox Church that existed as an independent entity in western Georgia from the 1470s to 1814.
Catholicity (from Greek καθολικότητα της εκκλησίας, "catholicity of the church"), or catholicism (from Greek καθολικισμός, "universal doctrine") is a concept that encompasses the beliefs and practices of numerous Christian denominations, most notably those that describe themselves as Catholic in accordance with the Four Marks of the Church, as expressed in the Nicene Creed of the First Council of Constantinople in 381: " in one, holy, catholic, and apostolic Church." While catholicism is most commonly associated with the faith and practices of the Catholic Church led by the Pope in Rome, the traits of catholicity, and thus the term catholic, are also claimed and possessed by other denominations such as the Eastern Orthodox Church, the Oriental Orthodox Church, the Assyrian Church of the East.
Catholicos-Patriarch has been the title of the heads of the Georgian Orthodox Church since 1010.
Caucasian may refer to.
The cello suites by Benjamin Britten (Opp. 72, 80, and 87) are a series of three compositions for solo cello, dedicated to Mstislav Rostropovich.
Censorship of images in the Soviet Union was widespread in the USSR.
Central Asia stretches from the Caspian Sea in the west to China in the east and from Afghanistan in the south to Russia in the north.
The ceremonial use of lights is found in the practice of many religions.
The Chaldean Catholic Church (ܥܕܬܐ ܟܠܕܝܬܐ ܩܬܘܠܝܩܝܬܐ, ʿīdtha kaldetha qāthuliqetha; Arabic: الكنيسة الكلدانية al-Kanīsa al-kaldāniyya; translation) is an Eastern Catholic particular church (sui juris) in full communion with the Holy See and the rest of the Catholic Church, with the Chaldean Patriarchate having been originally formed out of the Church of the East in 1552.
A chalice (from Latin calix, mug, borrowed from Greek κύλιξ (kulix), cup) or goblet is a footed cup intended to hold a drink.
Chances is an Australian evening soap opera, produced from 1991 to 1992.
The term chapel usually refers to a Christian place of prayer and worship that is attached to a larger, often nonreligious institution or that is considered an extension of a primary religious institution.
Chapel of Our Lady of Kazan ― an Orthodox chapel in Taganrog.
The Chapel of Russia's Resurrection is a sect from Russia that views President and ex-Prime Minister Vladimir Putin as the reincarnation of Paul the Apostle.
The Chapel of Saint Pavel of Taganrog (Часовня Павла Таганрогского) is a place of worship, which is located at Street Lagerny, 2, in Taganrog, Rostov Region.
Chaplin is a surname of English, Ukrainian and Belarusian origin.
Charles Neale (1751–1823) was a leader of the Jesuit mission in America.
Xavier Basil Radoff (1894–1986) was a Russian painter.
Charlotte Christine Sophie also known as Sophie Charlotte or simply Charlotte (28 August 1694, Wolfenbüttel – 2 November 1715, Saint Petersburg), was the wife of Tsarevich Alexei Petrovich of Russia.
The Château de Laly is a château or manor-house in Le Montet in the Allier départment in the Auvergne Region of France.
The Château de Saint-Hubert, otherwise the Manoir de Saint-Hubert, is a château in Chavenon in the Allier départment in the Auvergne Region of France.
Chełm (Kulm, Холм) is a city in eastern Poland with 63,949 inhabitants (2015).
The Chechen Republic (tɕɪˈtɕɛnskəjə rʲɪˈspublʲɪkə; Нохчийн Республика, Noxçiyn Respublika), commonly referred to as Chechnya (p; Нохчийчоь, Noxçiyçö), is a federal subject (a republic) of Russia.
Chelyabinsk Oblast (Челя́бинская о́бласть, Chelyabinskaya oblast) is a federal subject (an oblast) of Russia in the Ural Mountains region, on the border of Europe and Asia.
Cherepovets Resurrection Monastery (Russian: Череповецкий Воскресенский Монастырь) was founded in the 13th century by two Christian Orthodox monks Feodosy and Afanasy, followers of Sergius of Radonezh.
The Saint Vladimir Cathedral is a Neo-Byzantine Russian Orthodox cathedral on the site of Chersonesos Taurica.
The Chesme Church (Чесменская церковь; full name Church of Saint John the Baptist at Chesme Palace, also called the Church of the Nativity of St. John the Baptist, це́рковь Рождества́ Иоа́нна Предте́чи при Че́сменском Дворце́), is a small Russian Orthodox church at 12 Lensoveta Street, in Saint Petersburg, Russia.
Chevetogne Abbey, also known as the Monastery of the Holy Cross, is a Roman Catholic Benedictine monastery dedicated to Christian unity located in the Belgian village of Chevetogne in the municipality of Ciney, province of Namur, halfway between Brussels and Luxembourg.
Chinese characters for transcribing Slavonic were Chinese characters created for the purpose of transcribing Slavonic sounds into Chinese.
Chinese Martyrs is the name given to a number of members of the Catholic Church and the Eastern Orthodox Church who were killed in China during the 19th and early 20th centuries.
The Chinese Orthodox Church was an autonomous Eastern Orthodox church in China.
was a Japanese government official who served as vice consul for the Japanese Empire in Lithuania.
Choir dress is the traditional vesture of the clerics, seminarians and religious of Christian churches worn for public prayer and the administration of the sacraments except when celebrating or concelebrating the Eucharist.
The choral concerto (Russian: хоровой концерт, khorovoy kontsert, Ukraininan: Хоровий концерт, khorovyj kontsert, occasionally known as "vocal concerto" or "church concerto") is a genre of sacred music which arose in Russian Empire in the middle of the seventeenth century and remained popular into the early nineteenth century.
A choral symphony is a musical composition for orchestra, choir, and sometimes solo vocalists that, in its internal workings and overall musical architecture, adheres broadly to symphonic musical form.
Chortitza Colony was a volost Yekaterinoslav Governorate granted to German-speaking Mennonites for colonization northwest of Khortytsia Island and is now part of Zaporizhia, Ukraine.
Christian anarchism is a movement in political theology that claims anarchism is inherent in Christianity and the Gospels.
The Christian Council of Sweden (Sveriges kristna råd) is an echumenical Christian organization in Sweden, established on 15 December 1992.
The Christian Democratic Union of Germany (Christlich-Demokratische Union Deutschlands, CDU) was an East German political party founded in 1945.
A Christian denomination is a distinct religious body within Christianity, identified by traits such as a name, organisation, leadership and doctrine.
Christian head covering and hair covering is the veiling of the head by women in a variety of Christian traditions.
A Christian school is a school run on Christian principles or by a Christian organization.
A Christian state is a country that recognizes a form of Christianity as its official religion and often has a state church, which is a Christian denomination that supports the government and is supported by the government.
Christian theology is the theology of Christian belief and practice.
Prior to the 20th century, three major branches of Christianity (Orthodoxy, Roman Catholicism, and Protestantism) generally held a critical perspective of birth control, including the leading Protestant reformers Martin Luther and John Calvin.
ChristianityFrom Ancient Greek Χριστός Khristós (Latinized as Christus), translating Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ, Māšîăḥ, meaning "the anointed one", with the Latin suffixes -ian and -itas.
Christianity and antisemitism deals with the hostility of Christian Churches, Christian groups, and by Christians in general to Judaism and the Jewish people.
Paganism is commonly used to refer to various, largely unconnected religions from the time period, such as the Greco-Roman religions of the Roman Empire, including the Roman imperial cult, the various mystery religions, monotheistic religions such as Neoplatonism and Gnosticism, and more localized ethnic religions practiced both inside and outside the Empire.
Christianity and Theosophy, for more than a hundred years, have a difficult and occasionally poor relationship.
The history of introduction of Christianity in the present-day Abkhazia can be traced to the 1st century and in 325 the bishop of Pityus participated in the First Ecumenical Council in Nicaea.
Christianity is the largest Australian religion according to the national census.
Christianity in Azerbaijan is a minority religion.
Christianity in China appeared in the 7th century, during the Tang dynasty, but did not take root until it was reintroduced in the 16th century by Jesuit missionaries.
Christianity is the predominant religion of Denmark, with 75.9% of the Danish population estimated as adherents of the Folkekirken ("the People's Church"), Denmark's national Lutheran church.
Today 84% of the population in Georgia practices Orthodox '''Christianity''', primarily the Georgian Orthodox Church.
Christianity is a minority in Heilongjiang, a province of China.
Christianity is one of the recognized religions in Israel and is practiced, as of December 2016, by more than 169,000 Israeli citizens (about 2.0% of the population).
Christianity in Japan is among the nation's minority religions.
Christianity in Kazakhstan is the second most practiced religion after Islam.
Christianity has a long history in Kyrgyzstan, with the earliest archaeological remains of churches belonging to the Church of the East in modern-day Suyab dating back to the 7th century.
Christianity is a minority religion in Libya.
Christianity in Mongolia is a minority religion.
Christianity in Russia is by some estimates the largest religion in the country, with nearly 50% of the population identifying as Christian.
Christianity is the predominant religion in Serbia.
Christians make up some 4.5% of Taiwan's population.
Christianity is a minority religion in Tajikistan.
Christianity was first introduced to Thailand by European missionaries.
Bibliothèque Nationale de France --> The 15th century in Christianity is part of the High Middle Ages, the period from the coronation of Charlemagne in 800 to the close of the 15th century, which saw the fall of Constantinople (1453), the end of the Hundred Years War (1453), the discovery of the New World (1492), and thereafter the Protestant Reformation (1515).
In 16th-century Christianity, Protestantism came to the forefront and marked a significant change in the Christian world.
17th Century Missionary activity in Asia and the Americas grew strongly, put down roots, and developed its institutions, though it met with strong resistance in Japan in particular.
Christianity in the 18th century is marked by the First Great Awakening in the Americas, along with the expansion of the Spanish and Portuguese empires around the world, which helped to spread Catholicism.
Bibliothèque Nationale de France --> Characteristic of Christianity in the 19th century were Evangelical revivals in some largely Protestant countries and later the effects of modern Biblical scholarship on the churches.
Christianity in the 20th century was characterized by an accelerating secularization of Western society, which had begun in the 19th century, and by the spread of Christianity to non-Western regions of the world.
Christianity in the 21st century is characterized by the pursuit of Church unity and the continued resistance to persecution, and secularization.
Christians, most of whom are ethnic Russians, constitute less than 9% of the population in Turkmenistan.
Christianity was first introduced to Vietnam in the 16th century and established a position in Vietnamese society since the 19th century.
Christianity is a minority religion in Yemen.
The Christianization of Kievan Rus' took place in several stages.
Christmas is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,Martindale, Cyril Charles.
Christmas is a Christian celebration of the birth of Jesus Christ held annually on 25 December.
Christmas in Russia (Рождество Христово Rozhdestvo Khristovo, in the Russian Orthodox Church called Е́же по пло́ти Рождество Господа Бога и Спа́са нашего Иисуса Христа) is celebrated on December 25 (Julian calendar) which falls on 7 January (Gregorian calendar) and commemorates the birth of Jesus Christ.
Christmas on the International Space Station covers the celebration of Christmas on the International Space Station.
Chronicle of a Disappearance (Arabic: سجل اختفاء).
The chronology of Ukrainian language suppression.
Metropolitan Chrysanth (Хрисанф secular name Yakov Antonovich Chepil, Яков Антонович Чепиль; 24 June 1937, Volhynia – 4 January 2011, Moscow) was the Russian Orthodox metropolitan bishop of Vyatka, Russia.
Chuathbaluk (Curarpalek in Central Alaskan Yup'ik) is a city in Bethel Census Area, Alaska, United States.
The Chukchi, or Chukchee (Чукчи, sg. Чукча), are an indigenous people inhabiting the Chukchi Peninsula and the shores of the Chukchi Sea and the Bering Sea region of the Arctic Ocean within the Russian Federation.
Chukotka Autonomous Okrug (p; Chukchi: Чукоткакэн автономныкэн округ, Chukotkaken avtonomnyken okrug) or Chukotka (Чуко́тка) is a federal subject (an autonomous okrug) of Russia.
The Chulyms, also Chulym Tatars, (self-designation: Чулымнар, Татарлар, Öс кижилер, Пестын кижилер) are a Turkic people in the Tomsk Oblast and Krasnoyarsk Krai in Russia.
Church most commonly refers to.
A church bell in the Christian tradition is a bell which is rung in a church for a variety of church purposes, and can be heard outside the building.
The Alexander Nevsky Church (Церковь Александра Невского) is a Russian Orthodox cathedral located at the Train Square in the intersection of Tchaikovsky Prospekt and Komintern Prospekt in Tver, Russia.
The Church of All Saints (Церковь Всех Святых) is a Russian Orthodox church in Sinyavskoe village, Neklinovsky District, Rostov Oblast, Russia that was built in 1806.
Church of All Saints na Kulichkakh (Церковь Всех Святых на Кулишках) is one of the oldest churches in Moscow, located at 2 Slavyanskaya Square.
The Church on Blood in Honour of All Saints Resplendent in the Russian Land (Khram-na-Krovi vo imya Vsekh svyatykh, v zemle Rossiyskoy prosiyavshikh) is a Russian Orthodox church built on the site of the Ipatiev House in Yekaterinburg, where Nicholas II, the last Emperor of Russia, and his family, along with members of the household, were shot by the Bolsheviks during the Russian Civil War.
The Church of Aphrodite is a Neopagan religious group founded in 1938 by Gleb Botkin (1900–1969), a Russian émigré to the United States.
The Albanian Apostolic Church or the Church of Caucasian Albania was an ancient briefly independent autocephalous Igor Kuznetsov.
Raskildin’s Church of Birth of the Virgin Mary is a Russian Orthodox church of the Cheboksary-Chuvash diocese.
The Church of Saints Cosmas and Damian in Old Panei (Церковь Космы и Дамиана в Старых Панех), is a Russian Orthodox church dedicated to the twin Saints Cosmas and Damian, Christian martyrs of the 4th century.
The Church of Mary Magdalene is a Russian Orthodox church located on the Mount of Olives, near the Garden of Gethsemane in East Jerusalem.
The Church of Michael the Archangel (Церковь Михаила Архангела) ― is a Russian Orthodox church in the urban-type settlement of Kamenolomni, Oktyabrsky District, Rostov Oblast, Russia.
Church of Michael the Archangel (Михайло-Архангельский храм; Mixayil Arxangel kilsəsi) or Flotskaya (Church of the Fleet) is a Russian Orthodox church in central Baku, Azerbaijan, on Zargarpalan street.
The Church of Mid-Pentecost (Церковь Преполовения Пятидесятницы) is a Russian Orthodox church in Rostov-on-Don, Russia that belongs to the Diocese of Rostov and Novocherkassk.
The Church of Moscow Metropolitan Alexius (Церковь Алексия, митрополита Московского) ― is a Russian Orthodox church in Bessergenevskaya stanitsa, Oktyabrsky District, Rostov Oblast, Russia.
The Nativity of Holy Theotokos Church is a historic Russian Orthodox church in Afognak, Alaska.
The Church of Our Lady of Damascus (Εκκλησία της Παναγίας της Δαμασκού) is a Greek Byzantine Catholic Church church in Valletta, Malta.
Church of Our Lady of Kazan (also Church of the Theotokos of Kazan, Церковь Казанской иконы Божьей Матери, Terijoen ortodoksinen kirkko) is a Russian Orthodox church in Zelenogorsk (Finnish:Terijoki) in Russia.
Church of Our Lady of the Don is a Russian Orthodox church in the city of Novocherkassk, Rostov Oblast, Russia.
The Church of Our Lady the Merciful, is a former Russian Orthodox Church in St Petersburg, Russia.
The Church of The Vernicle in Serpukhov (Храм Спаса Нерукотворного в Серпухове) is a small church in the town of Serpukhov, Moscow Oblast, Russia.
Church of Righteous John the Russian in Kuntsevo is an orthodox church in Moscow, Russia, in Kuntsevo district of Western Administrative Okrug.
The Church of St.
Saint Alexander Nevsky Church (Šv. is an Eastern Orthodox church in the Naujininkai district of Vilnius dedicated to patron saint Alexander Nevsky. It was built in 1898 and closed by the Soviet government in 1959. After the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, it was given back to the Russian Orthodox Church, but due to the destruction of the interior of the building during the period of closure, it was not reopened as a church until 2012.
The Orthodox Church of St.
Church of St.
Church of St.
Church of St.
The Church of St.
The Church of Saint Nicholas (Церковь Николая Чудотворца) is a Russian Orthodox church in Elanskaya village, Sholokhovsky District, Rostov Oblast, Russia.
Church of Saint Nicholas in Khamovniki (Церковь Cвятителя Николая Чудотворца в Хамовниках) is a late 17th-century parish church of a former weavers sloboda in Khamovniki District of Moscow.
Church of St.
The Church of Saint Seraphim of Sarov (Храм Преподобного Серафима Саровского) is a Russian Orthodox church in Rostov-on-Don, Russia.
The Church of the Archangel Michael in Warsaw was an Orthodox church in Warsaw, located on Ujazdowskie Avenue (aleje Ujazdowskie), in the area of the current Plac na Rozdrożu (Crossroads Square).
The Church of the Ascension of the Lord (Храм Вознесения Господня) is a Russian Orthodox church in Bataysk, Rostov Oblast, Russia.
The Church of the Ascension of the Lord (Церковь Вознесения Господня) ― is a Russian Orthodox church in Susat village, Semikarakorsky District, Rostov Oblast, Russia.
The Church of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary Церковь Успения Пресвятой Богородицы is a Russian Orthodox church in the city of Aksay, Rostov Oblast, Russia that was built in 1825 in Empire style.
Church of the Assumption is a Russian Orthodox church in the village of Nedvigovka, Rostov Oblast, Russia.
Church of the Holy Igor of Chernigov (Церковь Святого Игоря Черниговского) is a Russian Orthodox church in the Novo-Peredelkino District of the Western Administrative Okrug in Moscow in honor of the Grand Prince Igor of Chernigov and the Kiev.
The Church of the Holy Trinity (Naos Agias Triados, Церковь Святой Троицы) is a Byzantine-era church at Filellinon Street that serves the Russian Orthodox community of Athens, Greece.
The Church of the Holy Trinity, also called the Russian Church, in Belgrade is a metochion of the Russian Orthodox church in Belgrade, Serbia.
The Church of the Holy Trinity in Podwale is the oldest historic Orthodox church in Warsaw, located in a building at 5 Podwale Street.
The Church of the Intercession of the Holy Virgin (Церковь Покрова Пресвятой Богородицы) was a Russian Orthodox church in Elizavetinskaya stanitsa, Rostov Oblast, Russia.
The Church of the Intercession of the Blessed Virgin Mary (Церковь Покрова Пресвятой Богородицы) ― is a Russian Orthodox church in Kamensk-Shakhtinsky, Rostov Oblast, Russia.
The Church of the Intercession of the Holy Virgin (Храм Покрова Пресвятой Богородицы) is a Russian Orthodox church in Konstantinovsk, Rostov Oblast, Russia that belongs to the Diocese of Volgodnosk and was built in 1912 on the project of architect Pyotr Studenikin.
The Church of the Intercession of the Holy Mother of God of Kanaker (Քանաքեռի Սուրբ Տիրամոր Ռուս Ուղղափառ Եկեղեցի (Kanakeri Surb Tiramor Rus Vughghap'ar Yekeghets'i), Храм Покрова Пресвятой Богородицы в Канакер), is an active Russian Orthodox church in the old area of Kanaker, Yerevan, Armenia.
The Church of the Intercession of the Most Holy Mother of God in Khanty-Mansiysk is a Russian Orthodox church of Tobolsk and Tyumen Diocese.
The Church of the Intercession of the Mother of God in Harbin (in or in Russian: Церковь Покрова в Харбине) is an Eastern Orthodox church in Harbin, China.
Church of the Intercession (Свято-Покровский храм) ― the only one of three Orthodox churches (there were also St. Andrew's Church in the village of Sulin and St. Alexander Nevsky's Church) that has still been preserved until our days in the town of Krasny Sulin, Rostov Oblast, Russia.
Church of the Intercession of the Holy Virgin (Церковь во имя Покрова Пресвятой Богородицы) ― one of the oldest churches in Rostov-on-Don (there is a common misconception that it was the first church in the city).
The Church of the Life-Giving Trinity (Церковь Троицы Живоначальной or Свято-Троицкая церковь, Троицкий храм) is a Russian Orthodox church in Bataysk, Rostov Oblast, Russia.
The Church of the Life-Giving Trinity (Церковь Троицы Живоначальной or Свято-Троицкая церковь) is a Russian Orthodox church in Kamensk-Shakhtinsky, Rostov Oblast, Russia.
The Church of the Life-Giving Trinity is an Eastern Orthodox church in Jongbaek-dong, Rangrang District in Pyongyang, North Korea.
The Church of the Life-Giving Trinity (Церковь Троицы Живоначальной or Свято-Троицкая церковь) is a Russian Orthodox church in Volchensky khutor, Kamensky District, Rostov Oblast, Russia.
Church of the Nativity Of Christ (Храм Рождества Христова) ― is a Russian Orthodox church in Nizhnekundryuchenskaya stanitsa, Ust-Donetsky District, Rostov Oblast, Russia.
The Church of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary (Церковь Рождества Пресвятой Богородицы) is a Russian Orthodox church in Konygin khutor, Ust-Donetsky District, Rostov Oblast, Russia.
Church of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary (Церковь Собора Пресвятой Богородицы), better known as Nativity or Stroganov is a Russian Orthodox church, located at the Rozhdestvenskaya Street in Nizhny Novgorod.
The Nativity Church, also known as the Cathedral of the Birth of Christ, is the largest and newest church in Tiraspol, the capital of Transnistria.
Church of the Resurrection is a Russian Orthodox Church in Kostroma, Russia near the Volga River.
The Church of the Savior on Spilled Blood (Церковь Спаса на Крови, Tserkovʹ Spasa na Krovi) is one of the main sights of Saint Petersburg, Russia.
Church of Transfiguration of Savior in Bolvanovka (Храм Спаса Преображения на Болвановке), also abbreviated to Saviour in Bolvanovka (Спас на Болвановке), is an Orthodox church in Zamoskvorechye District of Moscow.
The Church of the Saviour, also known as the Church of the Image of "The Saviour Not Made by Hands" (Храм в честь Нерукотворённого О́браза Спа́са, Khram v chest' Nerukotvoryonogo Obraza Spasa) or shorter Spasskaya Church (Спасская Церковь, Spasskaya Tserkov), is a church in Tyumen, Tyumen Oblast, Russia, located at Lenin Street, 43, in a crossroad between the Chelyuskintsev Street.
Church of the Transfiguration (Церковь Спаса Преображения) is a Russian Orthodox church in the village of Obukhovka, Azovsky District, Rostov Oblast, Russia.
The Church of the Transfiguration of the Savior (Церковь Спаса Преображения) is a Russian Orthodox Church in Olkhovchyk village, Chertkovsky District, Rostov Oblast, Russia that was built in 1873.
Church of the Transfiguration (Церковь Спаса Преображения) is a defunct/inactive Russian Orthodox church located in the village of Spasskoe-Durnovo (Спасское-Дурново) on Zusha River, Chernsky District (Че́рнский райо́н) of Tula region (Ту́льская о́бласть).
The Church of the Transfiguration of the Savior (Церковь Спаса Преображения) ― is a Russian Orthodox church in the village of Zaymo-Obryv, Azovsky District, Rostov Oblast, Russia.
The Church of the Virgin Hodegetria (Церковь иконы Божией Матери «Одигитрия» or Свято-Одигитриевская церковь) is a Russian Orthodox church in Agrafenovka village, Rodionovo-Nesvetaysky District, Rostov Oblast, Russia.
In the Russian Orthodox tradition, Church on Blood (храм на крови) is a church commemorating the spot of the murder of a member of the royal family.
The Church reform of Peter I introduced what some believe was a period of Caesaropapism in the history of the Russian Orthodox Church, when the church apparatus effectively became a department of state.
Church Slavonic, also known as Church Slavic, New Church Slavonic or New Church Slavic, is the conservative Slavic liturgical language used by the Orthodox Church in Bulgaria, Poland, the Czech Republic and Slovakia, Russia, Belarus, Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Republic of Macedonia and Ukraine.
Church union is the name given to a merger of two or more Christian denominations.
Church World Service (CWS) was founded in 1946 and is a cooperative ministry of 37 Christian denominations and communions, providing sustainable self-help, development, disaster relief, and refugee assistance around the world.
Colchester in Essex, England, has a number of notable churches.
There are more than 900 churches in Rome, including some notable Roman Catholic Marian churches.
Churches Together in Britain and Ireland (CTBI) is an ecumenical organisation.
Churches Together in England (CTE) is an ecumenical organisation and the national instrument for the Christian church in England.
Chuvans (чува́нцы) are one of the forty or so "Indigenous small-numbered peoples of the North, Siberia and the Far East" recognized by the Russian government.
The Chuvash people (чăваш,; чуваши) are a Turkic ethnic group, native to an area stretching from the Volga Region to Siberia.
The Chuvash Republic (Чува́шская Респу́блика — Чува́шия, Chuvashskaya Respublika — Chuvashiya; Чӑваш Республики, Čăvaš Respubliki), or Chuvashia (Чува́шия Chuvashiya; Чӑваш Ен, Čăvaš Jen), is a federal subject of Russia (a republic).
The Circassians in Syria (Circassian: Сирием ис адыгэхэр) refers to the Circassian diaspora, some of whom settled in Syria (then part of the Ottoman Empire) in the 19th century.
Clement Michael Bahouth (or Clement Bahous, 1799–1882), was patriarch of the Melkite Catholic Church from 1856 until his resignation in 1864.
Clerical collaboration with communist secret services occurred in some Eastern European countries during the Cold War.
Closed communion is the practice of restricting the serving of the elements of Holy Communion (also called Eucharist, The Lord's Supper) to those who are members in good standing of a particular church, denomination, sect, or congregation.
The Coandă-1910, designed by Romanian inventor Henri Coandă, was an unconventional sesquiplane aircraft powered by a ducted fan.
The Coastal Monastery of St.
The coat of arms of Moscow depicts a horseman with a spear in his hand slaying a basilisk and is identified with Saint George and the Dragon.
The colonial history of the United States covers the history of European colonization of the Americas from the start of colonization in the early 16th century until their incorporation into the United States of America.
The Communarka or Kommunarka (Расстрельный полигон «Коммунарка») was the site of NKVD mass shootings from 1937 to 1941 in the Novomoskovsky Administrative Okrug south-west of the centre of Moscow.
The Communist Party of the Russian Federation (CPRF; Коммунистическая Партия Российской Федерации; КПРФ; Kommunisticheskaya Partiya Rossiyskoy Federatsii, KPRF) is a communist and Marxist–Leninist political party in Russia.
The Communist Party of the Soviet Union was the founding and ruling political party of the Soviet Union.
Compline, also known as Complin, Night Prayer, or the Prayers at the End of the Day, is the final church service (or office) of the day in the Christian tradition of canonical hours.
María de la Concepción Marcela Argüello y Moraga, commonly referred to simply as Concepción Argüello, (February 19, 1791 – December 23, 1857) was an Alta Californian noted for her romance with Nikolai Rezanov, a Russian promoter of the colonization of Alaska and California.
The Conception Convent or Zachatyevsky Monastery (Зачатьевский монастырь) is a Russian Orthodox stauropegic convent on the northern bank of the Moskva River in Khamovniki District of Moscow.
Conchita (from 2011 to 2015 Conchita Wurst) is the stage persona of Austrian singer, recording artist and drag queen Thomas Neuwirth (born 6 November 1988).
The Constitutional Agreement between the Georgian state and the Apostolic Autocephalous Orthodox Church of Georgia (კონსტიტუციური შეთანხმება საქართველოს სახელმწიფოსა და საქართველოს სამოციქულო ავტოკეფალურ მართლმადიდებელ ეკლესიას შორის), informally referred to as the Concordat, is an agreement between the Georgian Orthodox Church (GOC) and the state that defines relations between the two entities.
The Conference of Secretaries of World Christian Communions is an international ecumenical organization with annual meetings.
Confession, in many religions, is the acknowledgment of one's sins (sinfulness) or wrongs.
Confessions Tour was the seventh concert tour by American singer-songwriter Madonna.
The Kingdom of Poland, informally known as Congress Poland or Russian Poland, was created in 1815 by the Congress of Vienna as a sovereign state of the Russian part of Poland connected by personal union with the Russian Empire under the Constitution of the Kingdom of Poland until 1832.
Conrad Bussow (1552 or 1553, Ilten, Hanover – 1617) was a German mercenary from Lower Saxony who lived in Riga in 1590s and in Muscovy in 1600–1611.
Consecration is the solemn dedication to a special purpose or service, usually religious.
The Consecration of Russia to the Immaculate Heart of Mary by a specific act of a Pope along with all the other Catholic bishops of the world was allegedly ordered in an apparition by Our Lady of Fátima in 1917.
Conservatism is a political and social philosophy promoting traditional social institutions in the context of culture and civilization.
Consistory is the anglicized form of the consistorium, a council of the closest advisors of the Roman emperors.
Constantin Brâncoveanu (1654 – August 15, 1714) was Prince of Wallachia between 1688 and 1714.
Constantine Gregorievich Kromiadi (Константин Григориевич Кромиади) (1893 - 1990) was a Caucasus Greek-born military officer and anti-communist who served in the Imperial Russian Army, the White Army, he headed Russian National People's Army and finally he commanded the headquarters of Nazi collaborator Russian Liberation Army.
Constantine of Murom (Russian: Святой Блаженный Князь Константин) (? - 1129) was a direct descendant of Vladimir I of Kiev and the son of Prince Svyatoslav of Chernigov.
The Protocols of the Elders of Zion is a fabricated antisemitic text purporting to describe a Jewish plan to achieve global domination.
Conversations on the Plurality of Worlds (Entretiens sur la pluralité des mondes) is a popular science book by French author Bernard le Bovier de Fontenelle, published in 1686.
The Conversion of Chełm Eparchy, which occurred from January to May 1875, refers to the generally forced conversion of the last Uniate Eparchy in the Russian Empire, which was centered in the Volhynian city of Chełm (Kholm), to the Orthodox faith.
Conversion to Christianity is a process of religious conversion in which a previously non-Christian person converts to Christianity.
Cornell Capa (April 10, 1918 – May 23, 2008) was a Hungarian American photographer, member of Magnum Photos, photo curator, and the younger brother of photo-journalist and war photographer Robert Capa.
Coronations in Russia involved a highly developed religious ceremony in which the Emperor of Russia (generally referred to as the Tsar) was crowned and invested with regalia, then anointed with chrism and formally blessed by the church to commence his reign.
The Council for the Affairs of Religious Cults (Совет по делам религиозных культов) was a government council in the Soviet Union that dealt with religious activity in the country.
The Seventeenth Ecumenical Council of the Roman Catholic Church was convoked as the Council of Basel by Pope Martin V shortly before his death in February 1431 and took place in the context of the Hussite wars in Bohemia and the rise of the Ottoman Empire.
Counterintelligence state (sometimes also called intelligence state, securocracy or spookocracy) is a state where the state security service penetrates and permeates all societal institutions, including the military.
Countess Augusta Caroline Sophie Reuss-Ebersdorf (19 January 1757 – 16 November 1831), was by marriage the Duchess of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld.
The status of creation and evolution in public education has been the subject of substantial debate and conflict in legal, political, and religious circles.
This article presents an overview of Creationism by country.
Crime and Punishment (Pre-reform Russian: Преступленіе и наказаніе; post-reform prʲɪstʊˈplʲenʲɪje ɪ nəkɐˈzanʲɪje) is a novel by the Russian author Fyodor Dostoevsky.
Criticism of atheism is criticism of the concepts, validity, or impact of atheism, including associated political and social implications.
Criticism of the Catholic Church includes the observations made about the current or historical Catholic Church, in its actions, teachings, omissions, structure, or nature.
The Cross of Saint Euphrosyne was a revered relic of the Russian Orthodox Church and Belarus, which was made in 1161 by Lazar Bohsha for the order of Saint Euphrosyne of Polatsk and lost in June 1941 in Mahilyow.
Crown rabbi (t) was a position in the Russian Empire given to a member of a Jewish community appointed to act as an intermediary between his community and the Imperial government, to perform certain civil duties such as registering births, marriages, and divorces.
A crucifix (from Latin cruci fixus meaning "(one) fixed to a cross") is an image of Jesus on the cross, as distinct from a bare cross.
Crucifixions and crucifixes have appeared in the arts and popular culture from before the era of the pagan Roman Empire.
Crypto-Judaism is the secret adherence to Judaism while publicly professing to be of another faith; practitioners are referred to as "crypto-Jews" (origin from Greek kryptos – κρυπτός, 'hidden').
Cubans or Cuban people (Cubanos) are the inhabitants or citizens of Cuba.
Abkhazia (Аҧсны Apsny, Apkhazeti or Abkhazeti, Abkhazia) is a de facto independent, partially recognised country lying on the eastern coast of the Black Sea, its southern border.
The culture of ancient Rus can be divided into different historical periods of the Middle Ages.
The culture of Asia encompasses the collective and diverse customs and traditions of art, architecture, music, literature, lifestyle, philosophy, politics and religion that have been practiced and maintained by the numerous ethnic groups of the continent of Asia since prehistory.
The Culture of Azerbaijan (Azerbaijani:Azərbaycan mədəniyyəti) developed under the influence of Iranian, Turkic and Caucasian heritage as well as Russian influences due to its former status as a Soviet republic.
Kazakhstan has a well-articulated culture based on the nomadic pastoral economy of the inhabitants.
The culture of Kyrgyzstan has a wide mix of ethnic groups and cultures, with the Kyrgyz being the majority group.
The culture of Tatarstan is molded from the culture of Volga Tatar people, Russian, and European culture.
Cyprian (Киприан, Киприан, Кипріан) (c. 1336 – 16 September 1406) was Metropolitan of Kiev and All Rus' with the Metropolitan's residence in Moscow.
Cyril Forster Garbett, (6 February 1875 – 31 December 1955) was an Anglican bishop and author.
Cyril Ivanovich Genik (Кирило Іванович Геник, 1857 – February 12, 1925) was a Ukrainian-Canadian immigration agent.
Cyril of Beloozero (Cyril of Beloezero, Кирилл Бело(е)зерский - Kirill Belo(e)zersky; 1337 – 1427) was a monk and saint of the Russian Orthodox Church who lived in the 15th century.
Cyril Pavlov, elder Cyril (in Russian: Кирилл Павлов; 8 September 1919 – 20 February 2017), in life: Ivan Dmitrievich Pavlov, was a Russian Orthodox Christian mystic, elder, wonder-worker and Archimandrite, who was confessor to Patriarch Alexy II.
Cyril V Karakallos (Κύριλλος Ε΄ Καράκαλλος), (? – 27 July 1775) was Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople for two periods from 1748 to 1751 and from 1752 to 1757.
The Orthodox Church of the Czech Lands and Slovakia is a self-governing body of the Eastern Orthodox Church that territorially covers the countries of the Czech Republic and Slovakia.
The Republic of Dagestan (Респу́блика Дагеста́н), or simply Dagestan (or; Дагеста́н), is a federal subject (a republic) of Russia, located in the North Caucasus region.
Dalmatovo (Далма́тово) is a town and the administrative center of Dalmatovsky District in Kurgan Oblast, Russia, located east of the Ural Mountains on the north bank of the Iset River (Tobol's tributary; Ob's basin), opposite the mouth of the Techa River, northwest of Kurgan, the administrative center of the oblast.
Bishop Damaskin (secular name Dmitry Efimovich Semenov-Rudnev Дмитрий Ефимович Семёнов-Руднев; January 1737 – 18 (29) December 1795) — was a bishop of the Russian Orthodox Church, appointed the Orthodox Church Bishop of Nizhny Novgorod province, the diocese of Nizhny Novgorod and Arzamas.
Daniel of Erie (secular name Dmitry Borisovich Alexandrov, Дмитрий Борисович Александров; September 15, 1930 – April 26, 2010) was an American Russian Orthodox bishop of the Russian Orthodox Church Outside Russia.
Daniil Aleksandrovich (Russian: Даниил Александрович) (1261 – 4 March 1303) was the youngest son of Alexander Nevsky and forefather of all the Grand Dukes of Moscow.
Daniel Alexeyeevich Syeesoev (Даниил Алексеевич Сысоев; 1974–2009) was a married Russian Orthodox priest, the rector of St.
Danilov Monastery (also Svyato-Danilov Monastery or Holy Danilov Monastery; Данилов монастырь, Свято-Данилов монастырь in Russian) is a walled monastery on the right bank of the Moskva River in Moscow.
Danylo Apostol (1654–1734), was a Hetman of Zaporizhian Host from 1727 to 1734.
Darmstadt is a city in the state of Hesse in Germany, located in the southern part of the Rhine-Main-Area (Frankfurt Metropolitan Region).
The Datsan Gunzechoinei is a large Buddhist temple in Saint Petersburg, Russia.
Daugavgrīva (Dünamünde; Dynemunt; Усть-Двинск or Ust`-Dvinsk) is a neighbourhood in North West Riga, Latvia on the left bank of the Daugava river.
Daumantas or Dovmont (Russian: Довмонт, Belarusian: Даўмонт, Christian name Timothy (Тимофей),; c. 1240? – May 17, 1299), was a Lithuanian princeling best remembered as a military leader of the Principality of Pskov between 1266 and 1299.
David Ivanovich Grimm (Дави́д Ива́нович Гримм; April 4, 1823 in Saint Petersburg – 1898) was a Russian architect, educator and historian of art of Byzantine Empire, Georgia and Armenia.
David Z. Scheffel is professor of anthropology at Thompson Rivers University in Kamloops, British Columbia, Canada.
A Day of Prayer is a day allocated to prayer, either by leaders of religions or the general public, for a specific purpose.
Day of Remembrance of the Victims of Political Repressions (День памяти жертв политических репрессий), is an annual day of remembrance for victims of political repression in the Soviet Union.
Düzyurd (also, Dyuzyurd and Dyuz-Yurt) is a village and municipality in the Gadabay Rayon of Azerbaijan.
A death squad is an armed group that conducts extrajudicial killings or forced disappearances of persons for the purposes of political repression, genocide, or revolutionary terror.
The following is a list of notable deaths in April 2011.
The following is a list of notable deaths in February 2017.
The following is a list of notable deaths in January 2011.
The following is a list of notable deaths in June 2007.
The following is a list of notable deaths in October 2010.
Deathspell Omega is a French black metal band.
December is the twelfth and final month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian Calendars and is the seventh and last of seven months to have a length of 31 days.
December 25 – Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar – December 27 All fixed commemorations below are observed on January 8 by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar.
Decommunization in Russia is the process of dealing with the communist legacies in terms of institutions and personnel that tends towards breaking with the Soviet past.
Ded Moroz (Дед Мороз, Ded Moroz; Дзед Мароз, Dzyed Maróz; Дід Мороз, Did Moróz; Russian diminutive Дедушка Мороз, Dédushka Moróz; Montenegrin: Đed Mraz (Ђед Мраз)) is a Slavic fictional character similar to that of Father Christmas.
Defender of the Fatherland Day (День защитника Отечества Den' zashchitnika Otechestva); Отан қорғаушы күні; Рӯзи артиши миллӣ; Мекенди коргоочулардын күнү; Дзень абаронцы Айчыны) is a holiday observed in Russia, Turkmenistan, Belarus, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan and Tajikistan. It is celebrated on 23 February, except in Kazakhstan, where it is celebrated on 7 May.
The degrees of Eastern Orthodox monasticism are the stages an Eastern Orthodox monk or nun passes through in their religious vocation.
Prince Demetrius Augustine Gallitzin (December 22, 1770 – May 6, 1840) was an emigre Russian aristocrat and Roman Catholic priest known as The Apostle of the Alleghenies.
Saint Demetrios of Thessaloniki (Άγιος Δημήτριος της Θεσσαλονίκης) is a Christian martyr of the early 4th century AD.
, the total population of the Republic of Crimea and Sevastopol was at 2,248,400 people (Republic of Crimea: 1,889,485, Sevastopol: 395,000).
The demographics of Kazakhstan enumerate the demographic features of the population of Kazakhstan, including population growth, population density, ethnicity, education level, health, economic status, religious affiliations, and other aspects of the population.
The Demographics of Kyrgyzstan is about the demographic features of the population of Kyrgyzstan, including population growth, population density, ethnicity, education level, health, economic status, religious affiliations, and other aspects of the population.
This article is about the demographic features of the population of the historical territory of Latvia, including population density, ethnic background, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.
This article is about the demographic features of the population of Moldova, including distribution, ethnicity, languages, religious affiliation and other statistical data.
New York City's demographics show that it is a large and ethnically diverse metropolis.
The demographics of Quebec constitutes a complex and sensitive issue, especially as it relates to the National Question of Canada.
The demographics of Russia is about the demographic features of the population of the Russian Federation including population growth, population density, ethnic composition, education level, health, economic status and other aspects.
Saint Petersburg is the second largest city in Russia, after Moscow.
According to data from the 1989 Soviet census, the population of the Soviet Union was 70% East Slavs, 12% Turkic peoples, and all other ethnic groups below 10%.
The demographics of Ukraine include statistics on population growth, population density, ethnicity, education level, health, economic status, religious affiliations, and other aspects of the population of Ukraine.
The demographics of Uzbekistan are the demographic features of the population of Uzbekistan, including population growth, population density, ethnicity, education level, health, economic status, religious affiliations, and other aspects of the population.
Demons (pre-reform Russian: Бѣсы; post-reform Bésy; sometimes also called The Possessed or The Devils) is a novel by Fyodor Dostoevsky, first published in the journal The Russian Messenger in 1871–2.
Denmark–Russia relations is the relationship between the two countries, Denmark and Russia.
The Christian biblical canons are the books Christians regard as divinely inspired and which constitute a Christian Bible.
A devotional song is a hymn which accompanies religious observances and rituals.
Dianne Goldman Berman Feinstein (born Dianne Emiel Goldman, June 22, 1933) is an American politician serving as the senior United States Senator from California, a seat she has held since 1992.
Dikirion (δικήριον or δίκηρον) and trikirion (τρικήριον or τρίκηρον) are liturgical candlesticks, used by a bishop of the Eastern Orthodox and the Eastern Catholic Churches to bless the clergy and faithful.
Dillingham (Curyuk in Central Alaskan Yup'ik), also known as Curyung and (for the southwestern section) Kanakanak, from the Alaska Community Database is a city in Dillingham Census Area, Alaska, United States.
The Dima Yakovlev Law (Закон Димы Яковлева), Dima Yakovlev Bill, Dima Yakovlev Act, anti-Magnitsky law, or Federal law of Russian Federation no.
Sir Dimitri Obolensky FBA (19 March/1 April 1918 in St Petersburg – 23 December 2001 in Burford, Oxfordshire) was a Russian-born historian who settled in Britain and became Professor of Russian and Balkan History at the University of Oxford and the author of various historical works.
Saint Dimitry of Rostov (sometimes Latinized as Demetrius, sometimes referred to simply as Dmitri Rostovsky, Димитрій (Туптало)) was a leading opponent of the Caesaropapist reform of the Russian Orthodox church promoted by Feofan Prokopovich.
Dimitry Vladimirovich Pospielovsky (13 January 1935 - 12 September 2014) (Дмитрий Владимирович Поспеловский, transliterated academically as Dmítrij Vladímirovič Pospjélovskij) was a historian, a professor emeritus of history at the University of Western Ontario.
Diocese of Arkhangelsk and Kholmogory (Архангельская и Холмогорская епархия) is an eparchy of the Russian Orthodox Church.
The Diocese of Bălți and Fălești is an eparchy or diocese of the Moldovan Orthodox Church under the Moscow Patriarchate with its seat at the Cathedral of Sts.
Diocese of Belgorod and Stary Oskol (Белгородская и Старооскольская епархия) is an eparchy of the Russian Orthodox Church.
The Diocese of Berlin and Germany (Berliner Diözese der Russischen Orthodoxen Kirche, Берлинская и Германская епархия Русской православной церкви) is an eparchy of the Russian Orthodox Church (ROC), Moscow Patriarchate, uniting parishes on the territory of Germany.
Diocese of Birobidzhan and Kuldur (Биробиджанская и Кульдурская епархия) — is a diocese of the Russian Orthodox Church, Moscow Patriarchate.
The Diocese of Cahul and Comrat (Eparhia de Cahul și Comrat) is an diocese of the Moldovan Orthodox Church under the Moscow Patriarchate with its seat in the city of Cahul, Moldova.
The Diocese of Chișinău is an eparchy or diocese of the Moldovan Orthodox Church under the Moscow Patriarchate with its seat in the capital city of Moldova, Chișinău.
The Diocese of Edineț and Briceni (Единецкая и Бричанская епархия, Eparhia de Edineţ şi Briceni) is an eparchy or diocese of the Moldovan Orthodox Church under the Moscow Patriarchate with its seat in the city of Edineț, Moldova.
Diocese of Kazan and Tatarstan (Казанская и Татарстанская епархия) is an eparchy of the Russian Orthodox Church on the administrative boundaries of Kazan, Naberezhnye Chelny in the Republic of Tatarstan.
The Kostroma Diocese (Костромская и Галичская епархия, tr. Kostromskaja i Galichskaja eparhija) is an eparchy of the Russian Orthodox Church.
The Novgorod and Staraya Russa Diocese (Новгородская и Старорусская епархия) is one of the oldest offices in the Russian Orthodox Church.
The Diocese of Pskov and Porkhov (Псковская и Порховская епархия) is an eparchy of the Russian Orthodox Church.
The Diocese of Rostov and Novocherkassk (Ростовская и Новочеркасская епархия) is an eparchy of the Russian Orthodox Church.
Diocese of Saratov and Volsk (Саратовская и Вольская епархия) is an eparchy of the Russian Orthodox Church based in Saratov.
The Tambov and Rasskazovskaya Diocese (Тамбовская и Рассказовская епархия) is an eparchy of the Russian Orthodox Church.
The Diocese of Tiraspol and Dubăsari (Тираспольская и Дубоссарская епархия, Tiraspolskaya i Dubossarskaya yeparkhiya, Eparhia de Tiraspol și Dubăsari, Тираспольська і Дубоссарська єпархія, Tyraspolska i Dubossarska yeparkhiya) is a diocese of the Moldovan Orthodox Church which covers the exact territory of Transnistria, Moldova.
The Diocese of Tver and Kashin (Тверская и Кашинская епархия) is an eparchy of the Russian Orthodox Church in Tver Oblast and is one of the oldest dioceses of the Russian Orthodox Church.
The Eparchy of Ungheni and Nisporeni is an eparchy or diocese of the Moldovan Orthodox Church under the Moscow Patriarchate with its seat in the city of Ungheni, Moldova.
Diocese of Vologda and Veliky Ustyug (Вологодская и Великоустюжская епархия) is an eparchy of the Russian Orthodox Church.
The Voronezh Diocese (Воронежская епархия is an eparchy of the Russian Orthodox Church with its center in the city of Voronezh. It Combines parishes and monasteries in the Voronezh region. Voronezh diocese headed by Metropolitan Sergius and Boris. The official holiday is on August 28.
The Diocese of Vyatka and Slobodskoy (Вятская и Слободская епархия, Vyatskaya i Slobodskaya yeparkhiya) is a diocese of the Russian Orthodox Church which covers the exact territory of Kirov Oblast, Russia.
The term Diocese of Western Europe or Eparchy of Western Europe may refer to.
The Diocese of Yaroslavl and Rostov (Ярославская и Ростовская епархия) is an eparchy of the Russian Orthodox Church in the area of the Yaroslavl Oblast.
After the schism of 1552 of the Church of the East, the secessions the Chaldean Catholic Church and the Assyrian Church of the East each had around twelve dioceses each by the end of the 19th century.
The Diomede Islands (острова́ Диоми́да, ostrová Diomída), also known in Russia as Gvozdev Islands (острова́ Гво́здева, ostrová Gvozdjeva), consist of two rocky, mesa-like islands.
Diomede (Диомид, native name Iŋaliq, meaning "the other one" or "the one over there") is a village in the Nome Census Area of the Unorganized Borough of the U.S. state of Alaska, located on the west coast of Little Diomede Island.
Diomid Dzyuban (Диомид Дзюбан), born 24 June 1961 in Kadievka, Ukrainian SSR as Sergey Ivanovich Dzyuban (Сергей Иванович Дзюбан) is a former bishop of the Russian Orthodox Church.
Dionisije Novaković (Дионисије Новаковић, Dionisie Novacovici; ca. 1705–December 8, 1767) was a Serbian Orthodox bishop in the Habsburg Monarchy.
Dionysius Balaban (monastic name – Hilarion; Діонісій Балабан; ? – 10 May 1663, Chyhyryn) was a Ruthenian Orthodox metropolitan (official title – Metropolitan of Kiev, Galicia and All-Ruthenia) of an old noble family from Volhynia and Galicia.
Saint Dionysius I (Дионисий); secular name: David (1300? – October 15, 1385) was a Russian Orthodox metropolitan in 1384–1385.
A dissenter (from the Latin dissentire, "to disagree") is one who disagrees in matters of opinion, belief, etc.
The dissolution of the Soviet Union occurred on December 26, 1991, officially granting self-governing independence to the Republics of the Soviet Union.
Diveyevo (Дивеево) is a rural locality (a selo) and the administrative center of Diveyevsky District of Nizhny Novgorod Oblast, Russia.
The divine countenance is the face of God.
The Divine Liturgy of St.
Dmitri Fyodorovich Egorov (Дми́трий Фёдорович Его́ров; December 22, 1869 – September 10, 1931) was a Russian and Soviet mathematician known for significant contributions to the areas of differential geometry and mathematical analysis.
Dmitri Ivanovich Mendeleev (a; 8 February 18342 February 1907 O.S. 27 January 183420 January 1907) was a Russian chemist and inventor.
Dmitry Yevgenyevich Galkovsky (Дмитрий Евгеньевич Галковский; born 4 June 1960 in USSR) is a Russian writer, journalist, philosopher and blogger.
Archpriest Dmitry Grigorieff (May 14, 1919 – December 8, 2007) was the dean emeritus of the Saint Nicholas Russian Orthodox Cathedral of Washington D.C..
Dmitry Vladimirovich Karakozov (Дми́трий Влади́мирович Карако́зов in Russian) (October 23 Old Style (November 4 New Style), 1840 – September 3 Old Style (September 15 New Style), 1866) was the first Russian revolutionary to make an attempt on the life of a tsar.
Prince Dmitry Aleksandrovich Khilkoff (most often spelled Khilkov, sometimes also Hilkov or Hilkoff) (1858–1914) went from being an officer in the Czar's Army to a Tolstoyan preaching Pacifism to a Socialist Revolutionary.
Dmitriy Vladimirovich Kuz'min-Karavaev (1886–1959) was an Old Bolshevik who converted to Catholicism and was subsequently ordained to the priesthood.
Dmitry Anatolyevich Medvedev (p; born 14 September 1965) is a Russian politician who has served as the Prime Minister of Russia since 2012.
Dmitry Sergeyevich Merezhkovsky (p; – December 9, 1941) was a Russian novelist, poet, religious thinker, and literary critic.
Dmitry Semionovitch Mirimanoff (Дми́трий Семёнович Мирима́нов, 13 September 1861, Pereslavl-Zalessky, Russia – 5 January 1945, Geneva, Switzerland) became a doctor of mathematical sciences in 1900, in Geneva, and taught at the universities of Geneva and Lausanne.
Tsarevich Dmitry or Dmitri Ivanovich (Dmitrii Ivanovich; 19 October 1582 – 15 May 1591), also known as Dmitry of Uglich (Дмитрий Угличский, Uglichskii) or Dmitry of Moscow (Дмитрий Московский, Moskovskii), was a Russian tsarevich famously impersonated by a series of pretenders after the death of his father Ivan the Terrible.
Dmitry Olegovich Rogozin (Дми́трий Оле́гович Рого́зин; born 21 December 1963) is a Russian politician, currently serve as Director General of, Roscosmos.
Dmitriy Vergun (Дмитрий Николаевич Вергун, Dmitriy Nikolayevich Vergun; 1871–1951) was a Russian poet and historian of literature from the Austrian Galicia.
Doctor Zhivagois a novel by Boris Pasternak, first published in 1957 in Italy.
The domestic policy of Vladimir Putin concerns the internal Russian policies of Vladimir Putin during his tenure as President of Russia, as well as the effects of Putinism and the Putin legislative program within Russia.
Below are the domestic responses to the Euromaidan.
Domna Anisimovna Anisimova (a; birth and death dates uncertain), known as Blind Domna, was a blind and illiterate but accomplished 19th-century Russian poet.
Domostroy (p, Domestic Order) is a 16th-century Russian set of household rules, instructions and advices pertaining to various religious, social, domestic, and family matters of the Russian society.
Don Cossacks (Донские казаки) are Cossacks who settled along the middle and lower Don.
Dondukov is a Russian princely family descending from Donduk-Ombo, the sixth khan of the Kalmucks (reigned 1737–41).
The Donetsk People's Republic (DPR or DNR, dɐˈnʲɛtskəjə nɐˈrodnəjə rʲɪˈspublʲɪkə, Донецька Народна Республіка) is a proto-state in the Donetsk Oblast of Ukraine recognized only by the partially recognized South Ossetia.
The donkey walk (хождение на осляти, шествие на осляти) is a Russian Orthodox Palm Sunday ritual re-enactment of Jesus Christ's entry into Jerusalem.
The Donskoy Starocherkassk Convent (Старочеркасский монастырь в честь Донской иконы Божией Матери) ― an Orthodox monastery in the stanitsa of Starocherkasskaya, Aksaysky District of Rostov Oblast, Russia.
The Dormition Cathedral of Khabarovsk (Градо-Хабаровский Успенский собор, Grado-Khabarovsky Uspensky sobor) is a Russian Orthodox cathedral.
The Russian Orthodox Cathedral of the Dormition of the Mother of God and All Saints is Grade II* listed cathedral of the Russian Orthodox Diocese of Sourozh, which is the Moscow Patriarchate's diocese for the islands of Great Britain and Ireland.
The Cathedral of the Dormition (Успенский Собор, or Uspensky sobor), also known as the Assumption Cathedral or Cathedral of the Assumption is a Russian Orthodox church dedicated to the Dormition of the Theotokos.
200px Dormition Church of Kondopoga (Це́рковь Успе́ния Пресвято́й Богоро́дицы) is a Russian Orthodox Church in the city of Kondopoga, Kondopozhsky District of the Republic of Karelia.
Dorogomilovo District (райо́н Дорогоми́лово) is a district of Western Administrative Okrug of the federal city of Moscow, Russia.
Princess Dorrit Romanov (née Reventlow; born 22 April 1942) is a Danish translator, benefactor, philanthropist, social activist, and the widow of Prince Dimitri Romanov, who had claims to the headship of the Imperial House of Russia.
Dositheos II Notaras of Jerusalem (Δοσίθεος Β΄ Ιεροσολύμων; Arachova 31 May 1641 – Constantinople 8 February 1707) was the Greek Orthodox Patriarch of Jerusalem between 1669 and 1707 and a theologian of the Orthodox Church.
The Doukhobors or Dukhobors (Духоборы, Dukhobory, also Dukhobortsy, Духоборцы; literally "Spirit-Warriors / Wrestlers") are a Spiritual Christian religious group of Russian origin.
Dowell is a village in Jackson County, Illinois, United States.
Drakino (Дра́кино) is a rural locality (selo) in Torbeyevsky District of the Republic of Mordovia, Russia, located on the Arziponer River (Partsa's tributary) some west of the Mordovia's capital Saransk, and south of Torbeyevo.
Dresden (Upper and Lower Sorbian: Drježdźany, Drážďany, Drezno) is the capital city and, after Leipzig, the second-largest city of the Free State of Saxony in Germany.
Duchess Marie of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (later Grand Duchess Maria Pavlovna of Russia, known as "Miechen" or "Maria Pavlovna the Elder"; 14 May 1854 – 6 September 1920) was born Marie Alexandrine Elisabeth Eleonore of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, daughter of Grand Duke Frederick Francis II of Mecklenburg-Schwerin and Princess Augusta Reuss of Köstritz.
The Duchy of Courland and Semigallia was briefly a client state of the German Empire.
Dum Maerenti Animo, (June 29, 1956) an Apostolic Letter of Pope Pius XII to the faithful in Eastern Europe regarding their persecutions and the persecutions of the Church.
Dutch Harbor is a harbor on Amaknak Island in Unalaska, Alaska.
The early life of Joseph Stalin covers the life of Stalin from his birth on 6 December (18 December, New Style) 1878 until the October Revolution on 25 October 1917 (7 November).
Lenin's father, Ilya Nikolayevich Ulyanov, was the fourth child of impoverished tailor Nikolai Vassilievich Ulyanov (born a serf father); and a far younger woman named Anna Alexeevna Smirnova, who lived in Astrakhan.
The East Village/Lower East Side Historic District in lower Manhattan, New York City was created by the New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission on October 9, 2012.
The East–West Schism, also called the Great Schism and the Schism of 1054, was the break of communion between what are now the Catholic Church and Eastern Orthodox churches, which has lasted since the 11th century.
The Eastern Catholic Churches or Oriental Catholic Churches, also called the Eastern-rite Catholic Churches, and in some historical cases Uniate Churches, are twenty-three Eastern Christian particular churches sui iuris in full communion with the Pope in Rome, as part of the worldwide Catholic Church.
Eastern Catholic victims of Soviet persecutions include bishops and others among the tens of thousands of victims of Soviet persecutions from 1918 to approximately 1980, under the state ideology of Marxist–Leninist atheism.
Eastern Christian Monasticism is the life followed by monks and nuns of the Eastern Orthodox Church, Oriental Orthodoxy, the Church of the East and Eastern Catholicism.
The Eastern Orthodox Church, also known as the Orthodox Church, or officially as the Orthodox Catholic Church, is the second-largest Christian Church, with over 250 million members.
The Eastern Orthodox Churches form a Christian denomination in Germany.
Eastern Orthodox Christianity in Thailand has been represented since 1999 by the Representative Office of the Russian Orthodox Church, including the orthodox parish of Saint Nicolas in Bangkok (Russian Orthodox Church Moscow Patriarchate).
The Eastern Orthodox Church, like the Catholic Church, claims to be the One, Holy, Catholic and Apostolic Church.
Eastern Orthodox theology is the theology particular to the Eastern Orthodox Church (officially the Orthodox Catholic Church).
Based on the numbers of adherents, the Eastern Orthodox Church (also known as Eastern Orthodoxy) is the second largest Christian communion in the world after the Roman Catholic Church.
Eastern Orthodoxy in Austria is the totality of all Eastern Orthodox Churches in Austria.
Eastern Orthodoxy in Estonia is practiced by 12.8% of the population, making it the second most identified religion in this majority-secular state after Lutheran Christianity with 13.6%.
The Eastern Orthodoxy in Europe constitutes the second largest Christian denomination.
Eastern Orthodoxy in France is the totality of all Eastern Orthodox Churches in France.
Orthodox Christianity was historically one of the most important religions in Hungary.
The main canonical Eastern Orthodox churches and ecclesiastical jurisdictions in Italy are as follows.
The Eastern Orthodox Church in Kazakhstan is a metropolitan district or metropolia of the Russian Orthodox Church.
The Eastern Orthodox Church in Moldova is organized by the Metropolis of Chișinău and All Moldova, commonly referred to as the Moldovan Orthodox Church, a self-governing church body under the Russian Orthodox Church, and by the Metropolis of Bessarabia, also referred to as the Bessarabian Orthodox Church, a self-governing church body under the Romanian Orthodox Church.
Eastern Orthodoxy in North America represents adherents, religious communities, institutions and organizations of Eastern Orthodox Christianity in North America, including the United States, Canada, Mexico and other North American states.
Eastern Orthodox Christianity in Norway is a small minority religion in Norway with 11,205 official members in 2012, up from 2,315 in 2000.
Eastern Orthodoxy in Pakistan is a Christian denomination in the territory of Pakistan.
Eastern Orthodoxy in Taiwan represents Christians in Taiwan who are adherents of the Eastern Orthodox Church.
Orthodox Christianity in Ireland (Ceartchreideamh in Éirinn) consists of parishes belonging to several self-governing ecclesiastical bodies, primarily the Russian Orthodox Church, the Ecumenical Patriarchate, and the Romanian Orthodox Church.
Eastern Orthodoxy in Turkmenistan is a major proportion of Christianity in Turkmenistan.
Eastern Orthodoxy in Uganda refers to adherents and religious communities of Eastern Orthodox Christianity in Uganda.
Eastern Orthodoxy in Uzbekistan refers to adherents and religious communities of Eastern Orthodox Christianity in Uzbekistan.
Eastern Orthodoxy in Vietnam is represented by a parish of the Russian Orthodox Church in Vung Tau, where there are many Russian-speaking employees of the Russian-Vietnamese joint venture "Vietsovpetro".
The Ecclesia Gnostica (Latin for The Church of Gnosis or The Gnostic Church) is an openly Gnostic liturgical church that practices and offers its sacraments publicly.
An ecclesiastical court, also called court Christian or court spiritual, is any of certain courts having jurisdiction mainly in spiritual or religious matters.
Catholic–Orthodox ecclesiastical differences are differences between the organizational structure and governance of the Eastern Orthodox Church and that of the Catholic Church.
In Christian theology, ecclesiology is the study of the Christian Church, the origins of Christianity, its relationship to Jesus, its role in salvation, its polity, its discipline, its destiny, and its leadership.
The Ecumenical Patriarch (Η Αυτού Θειοτάτη Παναγιότης, ο Αρχιεπίσκοπος Κωνσταντινουπόλεως, Νέας Ρώμης και Οικουμενικός Πατριάρχης, "His Most Divine All-Holiness the Archbishop of Constantinople, New Rome, and Ecumenical Patriarch") is the Archbishop of Constantinople–New Rome and ranks as primus inter pares (first among equals) among the heads of the several autocephalous churches that make up the Eastern Orthodox Church.
The Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople (Οἰκουμενικόν Πατριαρχεῖον Κωνσταντινουπόλεως, Oikoumenikón Patriarkhíon Konstantinoupóleos,; Patriarchatus Oecumenicus Constantinopolitanus; Rum Ortodoks Patrikhanesi, "Roman Orthodox Patriarchate") is one of the fourteen autocephalous churches (or "jurisdictions") that together compose the Eastern Orthodox Church.
Ecumenism refers to efforts by Christians of different Church traditions to develop closer relationships and better understandings.
An edict of toleration is a declaration, made by a government or ruler and states, that members of a given religion will not be persecuted for engaging in their religious practices and traditions.
Edinburgh (Dùn Èideann; Edinburgh) is the capital city of Scotland and one of its 32 council areas.
Edinoverie (p, literally coreligionism) is an arrangement between certain Russian Old Believer communities and the official Russian Orthodox Church, whereby the communities are treated as a part of the normative Orthodox Church system, while maintaining their own traditional rites.
Eduard Limonov (Эдуа́рд Лимо́нов, real name Eduard Veniaminovich Savenko, Эдуа́рд Вениами́нович Саве́нко; born 22 February 1943) is a Russian writer, poet, publicist, and political dissident.
Edward Bożeniec Jełowicki born 1803 in Hubnik Western Ukraine, died 10 November 1848 in Vienna, was a Polish landowner, decorated Colonel in the Polish army, insurgent, officer in the Foreign Legion and commander of the Vienna artillery.
Edward Shatov, Augustinians of the Assumption (born on 10 October 1973, Vladimir Oblast, USSR) is a Russian Catholic priest and a Catholic convert from Russian Orthodoxy.
Edward Stallybrass (8 June 1794 in Royston, Hertfordshire – 25 July 1884) was a British Congregational missionary to the Buryat people of Siberia.
Egypt–Russia relations (Российско-египетские отношения) refer to bilateral relations between Egypt and Russia.
Ein Karem (עֵין כֶּרֶם, lit. "Spring of the Vineyard", and عين كارم - ʿEin Kārem or ʿAyn Kārim; also Ain Karem, Ein Kerem) is an ancient village of the Jerusalem District and now a neighbourhood in southwest Jerusalem and the site of the Hadassah Medical Center.
Ekaterina Yurievna Genieva, OBE (Екатери́на Ю́рьевна Гéниева; April 1, 1946 – July 9, 2015) was a Russian librarian.
Eklutna (Dena'ina: Idlughet) is a native village within the Municipality of Anchorage in the U.S. state of Alaska.
Elder Isidore (1814–1908) was a Russian Orthodox monastic of Gethsemane Hermitage in Russia.
Elena Vasilyevna Glinskaya (Елена Васильевна Глинская; c. 1510 – 4 April 1538 (13 April 1538), Moscow) was a Russian regent.
Elena Kostyuchenko (Russian: Елена Костюченко; born 25 September 1987, Yaroslav, Russia) is a Russian journalist and gay-rights activist.
The Elevation of Holy Cross Church is a historic Russian Orthodox church in South Naknek, Alaska.
Elijah (meaning "My God is Yahu/Jah") or latinized form Elias (Ἡλίας, Elías; ܐܸܠܝܼܵܐ, Elyāe; Arabic: إلياس or إليا, Ilyās or Ilyā) was, according to the Books of Kings in the Hebrew Bible, a prophet and a miracle worker who lived in the northern kingdom of Israel during the reign of King Ahab (9th century BC).
Elisheva Bikhovski (Элишева Быховски) (born Elizaveta Ivanovna Zhirkov (Елизавета Ивановна Жирков); September 20, 1888 – March 27, 1949) — was a Russian-Israeli poet, writer, literary critic and translator, often known simply by her adopted Biblical Hebrew name Elishéva.
Princess Louise of Baden (13/24 January 1779 – 4 May/16 May 1826) was, later known as Elizabeth Alexeievna (Елизавета Алексеевна.), Empress of Russia during her marriage with Emperor Alexander I. Born Princess Louise of Baden, she was a daughter of Charles Louis, Hereditary Prince of Baden, and his wife, Landgravine Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt.
The Elizabeth Bible (Елизаветинская Библия) is the authorized version of the Russian Orthodox Church.
Elizabeth Petrovna (Елизаве́та (Елисаве́та) Петро́вна) (–), also known as Yelisaveta or Elizaveta, was the Empress of Russia from 1741 until her death.
Elizabeth Sarancheva also known as Elizabeth Tereshchenko (Елизавéта Михáйловна Саранчëва; Єлизавéта Михáйлівна Саранчéва) was a daughter of Lieutenant general Mikhail Andreievich Saranchev, Ivan Tereshchenko wife, mother of Mikhail Tereshchenkohttp://spartacus-educational.com/RUS-Mikhail_Tereshchenko.htm| and famous Tereshchenko dynasty's women philanthropist and mecenas.
In Greek mythology, Ella (Greek: Ἕλλα) was the daughter of Athamas and Nephele.
The Emperor or Empress of All Russia ((pre 1918 orthography) Императоръ Всероссійскій, Императрица Всероссійская, (modern orthography) Император Всероссийский, Императрица всероссийская, Imperator Vserossiyskiy, Imperatritsa Vserossiyskaya) was the absolute and later the constitutional monarch of the Russian Empire.
The was the historical nation-state and great power that existed from the Meiji Restoration in 1868 to the enactment of the 1947 constitution of modern Japan.
An epanokailimavkion (επανωκαλυμμαύχιον, also epanokalimafko (επανωκαλύμμαυχο) is an item of clerical clothing worn by Orthodox Christian monastics who are rassophor or above, including bishops. It is a cloth veil, usually black, which is worn with a kamilavkion. The epanokamelavkion is attached to the front of the kamilavkion and extends over the top to hang down the back, with lappets hanging down on each side. In some traditions, monks leave the lappets hanging over the shoulders, but nuns bring them together and fasten them behind the apostolnik. In the Russian tradition, the kamilavkion covered by its epanokamelavkion is collectively referred to as a klobuk. Hierodeacons (i.e., monastic deacons) will remove the epanokamelavkion when they are vested and serving at liturgical services; if they are not serving, however, they will wear it whenever attending services. Monks who have been ordained to minor orders (subdeacon, reader, altar server) do not wear the kamilavka when vested. Hieromonks (monastic priests) always wear the epanokamelavkion whenever they wear the kamilavkion. In the Russian tradition, the epanokamelavkion of an archbishop has a jewelled cross stitched to the front of it near the crown of the kamilavkion. A metropolitan wears a white epanokamelavkion with the same jewelled cross. The Patriarch of Moscow's epanokamelavkion is often richly embroidered with seraphim or other symbols on the lappets and is attached to a conical kamilavkion called a koukoulion. The Patriarch of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church of the Kyivan Patriarchate, which is not in communion with Moscow, also wears the kamilavkion. The Patriarch of Bulgaria wears a white epanokamelavkion with small cross. The Patriarch of Romania also wears a white epanokamelavkion. On Mount Athos, particular practices may vary from monastery to monastery, but generally speaking—in the Greek monasteries, at least—the epanokamelavkion is not attached to the kamilavkion, but is merely laid over it. The reason for this is that the Athonite typicons call for it to be removed from the kamilavkion and laid over the shoulders at certain moments during the services.
This is the list of the metropolitanates and eparchies (dioceses) of the Russian Orthodox Church.
Eparchy is an anglicized Greek word (ἐπαρχία), authentically Latinized as eparchia, which can be loosely translated as the rule or jurisdiction over something, such as a province, prefecture, or territory.
The term Eparchy of Kiev (also: Kyiv) may refer to.
Eparchy of Kiev (Киевская епархия) is central eparchy of the canonical Ukrainian Orthodox Church (Moscow Patriarchate) under the supreme ecclesiastical jurisdiction of the Russian Orthodox Church.
Ephraim II (ეფრემ II, Eprem) (October 19, 1896 – April 7, 1972) was a Catholicos-Patriarch of All Georgia from 1960 until his death.
Epifany Slavinetsky (Епифа́ний Славине́цкий) (died November 19, 1675) was an ecclesiastical expert of the Russian Orthodox Church who helped Patriarch Nikon to revise ancient service-books.
The Epiphany Monastery (Богоявленский монастырь, Bogoyavlensky monastyr; better translated as "Theophany Monastery") is the oldest male monastery in Moscow, situated in the Kitai gorod, just one block away from the Moscow Kremlin.
The Episcopal Church is the United States-based member church of the worldwide Anglican Communion.
Erica Kane and Dimitri Marick are fictional characters and a supercouple from the ABC daytime drama All My Children.
Eskimo is an English term for the indigenous peoples who have traditionally inhabited the northern circumpolar region from eastern Siberia (Russia) to across Alaska (of the United States), Canada, and Greenland.
Prince Esper Esperovich Ukhtomsky, Эспер Эсперович Ухтомский (– 26 November 1921) was a poet, publisher and Oriental enthusiast in late Tsarist Russia.
The Estonian Apostolic Orthodox Church (Eesti Apostlik-Õigeusu Kirik) is an autonomous Orthodox church whose primate is confirmed by the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople.
The Estonian Orthodox Church of Moscow Patriarchate (Moskva Patriarhaadi Eesti Õigeusu Kirik) is a semi-autonomous Church in the canonical jurisdiction of the Patriarchate of Moscow whose primate is appointed by the Holy Synod of the latter.
The Ethnic groups in Armenia is about the ethnic groups features of the population of Armenia.
The population of Post-World War II Poland became nearly completely ethnically homogeneous as a result of the German-Nazi Holocaust, the radically altered borders, and the deportations ordered by the Soviet authorities, who wished to remove the sizeable Polish minorities from the Baltics (Lithuania) and Eastern Europe (western Belarus and western Ukraine).
Eucharistic discipline is the term applied to the regulations and practices associated with an individual preparing for the reception of the Eucharist.
Eudoxia of Moscow (Евдокия Дмитриевна, Yevdokia Dmitriyevna),p with monastic name Euphrosyne (? – 1407), was a Grand Duchess of Muscovy and wife of Dmitry Donskoy.
Eugen A. Iskritsky (August 15, 1874 – July 27, 1949) was Russian military commander, author, teacher, a hero of the First world war, Lieutenant General in the Imperial Russian army, who fell in with the winning side in the Russian Civil War yet was still a victim of Stalin's purges.
Yevgeny Bolkhovitinov (Евгений Болховитинов; 1767–1837) was the Orthodox Metropolitan of Kiev and Galicia from 1822.
Yevgeny Sergeyevich Botkin (Евге́ний Серге́евич Бо́ткин; 27 March 1865 – 17 July 1918), commonly known as Eugene Botkin, was the court physician for Tsar Nicholas II and Tsarina Alexandra and, while in exile with the family, sometimes treated the haemophilia-related complications of the Tsarevich Alexei Nikolaevich of Russia.
Eugenia Gertsyk (Евгения Казимировна Герцык, 30 September 1878 O.S./12 October 1878 (N. S.)–20 January 1944) was a noted Russian translator and literary figure from the Silver Age.
Eulogius of Paris (Евлогий, born Vasily Semyonovich Georgiyevsky; April 10, 1868 – April 8, 1946 in Paris) was an Orthodox Christian bishop, who led elements of the Russian Orthodox diaspora in Western Europe from 1921 until his death.
Eurasianism (Евразийство, Yevraziystvo) is a political movement in Russia, formerly within the primarily Russian émigré community, that posits that Russian civilisation does not belong in the "European" or "Asian" categories but instead to the geopolitical concept of Eurasia.
The Evangelical Lutheran Church of Finland (Suomen evankelis-luterilainen kirkko; Evangelisk-lutherska kyrkan i Finland) is a national church of Finland.
The Evens (эвэн; pl. эвэсэл, evesel, in Even and эвены, evëny in Russian; formerly called Lamuts) are a people in Siberia and the Russian Far East.
Evgeny L. Markin (in Russian: Евгений Леонидович Маркин; born in 1975), is a Russian businessman, public figure and politician.
Evgeny Nikolayevich Pogozhev (Евгений Николаевич Погожев, 21 April 1870, Moscow, Russian Empire, – 13 February 1931, Leningrad, USSR was a Russian religious writer, essayist and journalist, better known under the pseudonym E. Poselyanin. Among his best known books are Starets Ilarion Troyekurovsky (Старец Иларион Троекуровский, 1895), Poetry of Faith. A.N. Maykov, the Poet of Russia and Russian Orthodoxy (Поэзия веры и А. Н. Майков как поэт Православия и России, 1898), Sacred Sites of the Russian Land (Святыни Земли Русской, 1899), Konstantin Nikolayevich Leontyev (Константин Николаевич Леонтьев, 1900), The Tale of Saint Leaders of the Russian Land (Сказание о святых вождях Земли Русской, 1900), Christ's Warriors. Tales From the Lives of Saints (Воины Христовы. Рассказы из жизни святых, 1902), Petersburg Relics (Петербургские святыни, (1903), Letters on Monastic Life (Письма о монашестве, 1911). In 1924 Pogozhev was accused of founding a monarchist organization in Leningrad and deported to the Angarsk region in Siberia where he spent two years. In the late 1930, as the persecution of the Russian Orthodox Church in the USSR was reaching its height, Evgeny Pogozhev was arrested. On 13 February 1931 he was executed. His major works re-issued in the 1990s, there's been considerable rise of interest in E.Poselynin's legacy in the Russian Orthodox community over the recent years.
The term exarch comes from the Ancient Greek ἔξαρχος, exarchos, and designates holders of various historical offices, some of them being political or military and others being ecclesiastical.
The Russian Imperial Romanov family (Tsar Nicholas II, his wife Tsarina Alexandra and their five children Olga, Tatiana, Maria, Anastasia, and Alexei) and all those who chose to accompany them into imprisonment—notably Eugene Botkin, Anna Demidova, Alexei Trupp and Ivan Kharitonov—were shot, bayoneted and clubbed to death in Yekaterinburg on the night of 16-17 July 1918.
Expedition 31 was the 31st long-duration expedition to the International Space Station (ISS).
The Eye of Providence or the All-Seeing Eye of God («Всевидящее око Божие») is a type of orthodox icon that emerged in the Russian iconography in the 19th century.
Fair Lawn is a borough in Bergen County, New Jersey, United States, and a suburb located from New York City. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 32,457, reflecting an increase of 820 (+2.6%) from the 31,637 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 1,089 (+3.6%) from the 30,548 counted in the 1990 Census. Fair Lawn was incorporated as a borough by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 6, 1924, as "Fairlawn," from portions of Saddle River Township.Snyder, John P., Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 77. Accessed May 18, 2012. The name was taken from Fairlawn, David Acker's estate home, that was built in 1865 and later became the Fair Lawn Municipal Building. In 1933, the official spelling of the borough's name was split into its present two-word form as "Fair Lawn" Borough. Radburn, one of the first planned communities in the United States, is an unincorporated community located within Fair Lawn and was founded in 1929 as "a town for the motor age." Fair Lawn is home to a large number of commuters to New York City, to which it is connected by train from two railroad stations on NJ Transit's Bergen County Line, the Radburn and Broadway stations. Fair Lawn's motto, coined by Jake Janso, is "A great place to visit and a better place to live."Leggate, Jim., Fair Lawn - Saddle Brook Patch, November 19, 2013. Accessed November 1, 2014. "Fair Lawn's motto is that it's 'a great place to visit and a better place to live.'" Fair Lawn has been rated as one of the top 10 best places to live in New Jersey. According to Nerdwallet, Fair Lawn witnessed a 5.3% increase in its working-age population between 2009 and 2011.
The Fall of Constantinople (Ἅλωσις τῆς Κωνσταντινουπόλεως, Halōsis tēs Kōnstantinoupoleōs; İstanbul'un Fethi Conquest of Istanbul) was the capture of the capital of the Byzantine Empire by an invading Ottoman army on 29 May 1453.
The fall of man, or the fall, is a term used in Christianity to describe the transition of the first man and woman from a state of innocent obedience to God to a state of guilty disobedience.
Dmitry I (Dmitrii) (historically known as Pseudo-Demetrius I) was the Tsar of Russia from 10 June 1605 until his death on 17 May 1606 under the name of Dimitriy Ivanovich (Дмитрий Иванович).
Theofan Stilian Noli, known as Fan Noli (6 January 1882 – 13 March 1965) was an Albanian writer, scholar, diplomat, politician, historian, orator and founder of the Orthodox Church of Albania, who served as Prime Minister and regent of Albania in 1924 during the June Revolution.
"Father Sergius" (Отец Сергий, translit. Otets Sergiy) is a short story written by Leo Tolstoy between 1890 and 1898 and first published (posthumously) in 1911.
Fürfeld is an Ortsgemeinde – a municipality belonging to a Verbandsgemeinde, a kind of collective municipality – in the Bad Kreuznach district in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany.
The Feast of Orthodoxy (also knowns as the Sunday of Orthodoxy or the Triumph of Orthodoxy) is celebrated on the first Sunday of Great Lent (six Sundays before Pascha) in the liturgical calendar of the Eastern Orthodox Church and of the Byzantine Rite Eastern Catholic Churches.
In the Christian liturgical calendar, there are several different Feasts of the Cross, all of which commemorate the cross used in the crucifixion of Jesus.
Felix Yurievich Ziegel (Феликс Юрьевич Зигель, March 20, 1920 - November 20, 1988) was a Soviet researcher, Doctor of Science and docent of Cosmology at the Moscow Aviation Institute, author of more than forty popular books on astronomy and space exploration, generally regarded as a founder of Russian ufology.
Femen (Фемен), stylized as FEMEN, is a Ukrainian radical feminist activist group intended to protect women's rights.
Feminism in Russia originated in the 18th century, influenced by the Western European Enlightenment and mostly confined to the aristocracy.
Fyodor (Theodore) I Ivanovich (Фёдор I Иванович) or Feodor I Ioannovich (Феодор I Иоаннович); 31 May 1557 – 16 or 17 January (NS) 1598), also known as Feodor the Bellringer, was the last Rurikid Tsar of Russia (1584–1598). Feodor's mother died when he was three, and he grew up in the shadow of his father, Ivan the Terrible. A pious man of retiring disposition, Feodor took little interest in politics, and the country was effectively administered in his name by Boris Godunov, the brother of his beloved wife Irina. His childless death left the Rurikid dynasty extinct, and spurred Russia's descent into the catastrophic Time of Troubles. In Russian documents, Feodor is sometimes called blessed (Блаженный). He is also listed in the "Great Synaxaristes" of the Orthodox Church, with his feast day on January 7 (OS).
Feodor (Theodore) III Alexeyevich of Russia (in Russian: Фёдор III Алексеевич) (9 June 1661 – 7 May 1682) was the Tsar of all Russia between 1676 and 1682.
Fyodor Kuzmich (Фёдор Кузьмич), also Feodor Kozmich, Феодор Козьмич, Theodore of Tomsk, or Fomich (died February 1, 1864, in Tomsk) was a Russian Orthodox starets.
Feodor Ivanovich Pryanishnikov (Фёдор Иванович Прянишников; 2 February 179328 April 1867) was a Russian actual privy councillor and postal administrator.
The Feodorovskaya Icon of the Mother of God (Феодоровская икона Божией Матери), also known as Our Lady of Saint Theodore and the Black Virgin Mary of Russia is the patron icon of the Romanov family and one of the most venerated icons in the Upper Volga region.
The Ferapontov convent (Ферапонтов монастырь), in the Vologda region of Russia, is considered one of the purest examples of Russian medieval art, a reason given by UNESCO for its inscription on the World Heritage List.
Baron Ferdinand Friedrich Georg Ludwig von Wrangel (Фердина́нд Петро́вич Вра́нгель, Ferdinand Petrovich Wrangel; –) was a Russian explorer and seaman of Baltic German ancestry, Honorable Member of the Saint Petersburg Academy of Sciences, a founder of the Russian Geographic Society.
Patriarch Filaret (secular name in Ukrainian Mykhailo Antonovych Denysenko, in Russian Mikhail Antonovich Denisenko, officially His Holiness, the Patriarch of Kiev and All Rus’ - Ukraine Filaret; born 23 January 1930, The Ukrainian Week (8 November 2012)) is the head of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church of the Kyivan Patriarchate (since 1995), and a former Metropolitan bishop of the Russian Orthodox Church (until 1992; excommunicated in 1997).
Archbishop Filaret (Филарет Гумилевский, born Dmitry Grigorievich Gumilevsky; 1805-1866) was the Russian Orthodox Bishop of Riga (1841-48), Archbishop of Kharkov (1848-59), and Archbishop of Chernigov (1859-66).
The Finnish–Russian border is the roughly north/south international border between the Republic of Finland (EU member) and the Russian Federation (CIS).
Finnish (or suomen kieli) is a Finnic language spoken by the majority of the population in Finland and by ethnic Finns outside Finland.
Nationalism was a central force in the History of Finland for the last two centuries.
The Finnish Orthodox Church (Suomen ortodoksinen kirkko; Finska Ortodoxa Kyrkan), or Orthodox Church of Finland, is an autonomous Eastern Orthodox archdiocese of the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople.
First Belgrade Singing Society (Прво Београдско Певачко Друштво; Prvo Beogradsko Pevačko Drustvo) was founded in Belgrade on 14th January 1853.
The First Hen egg or Jeweled Hen egg is a Tsar Imperial Fabergé egg.
Fleet Street is a major street in the City of London.
Fofudja (Фофудья) is an internet and social phenomenon in the Ukrainian segment of the LiveJournal community.
Folk saints are dead people or other spiritually powerful entities (such as indigenous spirits) venerated as saints but not officially canonized.
Foolishness for Christ (διά Χριστόν σαλό, оуродъ, юродъ) refers to behavior such as giving up all one's worldly possessions upon joining a monastic order, or to deliberate flouting of society's conventions to serve a religious purpose–particularly of Christianity.
For Faith and Fatherland is a nationalist, monarchist organization in Russia headed by the Orthodox hieromonk Nikon (Belavenets).
Forced conversion is adoption of a different religion or irreligion under duress.
Foreign involvement in the Syrian Civil War refers to political, military and operational support to parties involved in the ongoing conflict in Syria that began in March 2011, as well as active foreign involvement.
The foreign relations of the Russian Federation is the policy of the government of Russia by which it guides the interactions with other nations, their citizens and foreign organizations.
The Holy See, as distinct from the city-state of the Vatican City, over which the Holy See has "full ownership, exclusive dominion, and sovereign authority and jurisdiction," has long been recognised as a subject of international law and as an active participant in international relations.
Francis, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld (Coburg, 15 July 1750 – Coburg, 9 December 1806), was one of the ruling Thuringian dukes of the House of Wettin.
Fraternal delegates are official delegates, who attend major assemblies of a friendly body as a formal expression of the fraternal bonds.
Free will in theology is an important part of the debate on free will in general.
The status of religious freedom around the world varies from country to country.
Azerbaijan is a multicultural and multi-religious country and a secular country.
The Constitution provides for freedom of religion; however, the Government restricted this right in practice.
Freedom of religions in Georgia is provided for by the country's constitution, laws, and policies.
The Constitution of Kazakhstan provides for freedom of religion, and the various religious communities worship largely without government interference.
The Constitution provides for freedom of religion, and the Government generally respects this right in practice; however, the 1992 Law on Religions, which codifies religious freedoms, contains restrictions that inhibit the activities of unregistered religious groups.
The Constitution of Mongolia provides for freedom of religion, and the Mongolian Government generally respects this right in practice; however, the law somewhat limits proselytism, and some religious groups have faced bureaucratic harassment or been denied registration.
Freedom of religion in Tajikistan is provided for in Tajikistan's constitution.
The Constitution provides for freedom of religion and does not establish a state religion; however, in practice the Government imposes legal restrictions on all forms of religious expression.
The Constitution provides for freedom of religion and for the principle of separation of church and state; however, the Government continued to restrict these rights in practice.
Carlos Alberto Libânio Christo, O.P., better known as Frei Betto (born August 25, 1944) is a Brazilian Roman Catholic Priest, writer, political activist, Philosopher, liberation theologian and Dominican friar.
Cremation was forbidden by the Russian Orthodox Church.
Fyodor Mikhailovich DostoevskyHis name has been variously transcribed into English, his first name sometimes being rendered as Theodore or Fedor.
Fedor Filippovich Konyukhov (Фёдор Филиппович Конюхов; born December 12, 1951 in Chkalovo, Pryazovskyi Raion, Zaporizhia Oblast, Ukrainian SSR) is a Russian survivalist, voyager, aerial and marine explorer, and artist.
Fyodor Vasilyevich Kostyayev (Фёдор Васи́льевич Костя́ев; 20 February 1878 – 27 September 1925) was a military officer in the Russian Imperial Army and following the October Revolution in the Red Army.
Fyodor Fyodorovich Raskolnikov (Фёдор Фёдорович Раскольников; (28 January 1892, Saint Petersburg, Russia – 12 September 1939, Nice, France),Zalessky K.A. Stalin Imperia Moscow, Veche, 2002 citing by real name Fyodor Ilyin (Фёдор Ильин), was an Old Bolshevik, participant in the October Revolution, commander of Red fleets on the Caspian and the Baltic during the Russian Civil War, and later a Soviet diplomat.
Feodor Mikhailovich Rtishchev (Фёдор Миха́йлович Рти́щев; April 16, 1625, Chekalinsky uyezd – July 1, 1673, Moscow) was a boyar and an intimate friend of Alexis I of Russia who was renowned for his piety and alms-deeds.
Fyodor Osipovich Schechtel (Фёдор О́сипович Ше́хтель; August 7, 1859 – July 7, 1926) was a Russian architect, graphic artist and stage designer, the most influential and prolific master of Russian Art Nouveau and late Russian Revival.
Fyodor Ignatievich Stravinsky (Фёдор Игна́тиевич Страви́нский),, in Golovintsy, Minsk Governorate) was a Russian bass opera singer and actor of Polish descent. He was the father of Igor Stravinsky and the grandfather of Soulima Stravinsky.
Fyodor Fyodorovich Ushakov (p; &ndash) was the most illustrious Russian naval commander and admiral of the 18th century.
The Fyodorovskaya Church (Фёдоровская церковь) is a penticupolar parish Russian Orthodox church built by ordinary parishioners on the right bank of the Kotorosl River in Yaroslavl between 1682 and 1687.
Saint Gabriel of Białystok (St., Гавриил Белостокский - St. Gavriil Belostoksky or St. Gabriel of Zabłudów, Gabriel Zabłudowski, alternatively Gavrila or Gavriil; April 2 O.S. 1684 - April 20, 1690) is a child saint in the Russian Orthodox Church.
Gala Dalí (– 10 June 1982), usually known simply as Gala, was the Russian wife of Paul Éluard and later of Salvador Dalí.
Galina Vasilyevna Starovoitova (Гали́на Васи́льевна Старово́йтова; 17 May 1946, in Chelyabinsk – 20 November 1998, in St Petersburg) was a Soviet dissident, Russian politician and ethnographer known for her work to protect ethnic minorities and promote democratic reforms in Russia.
Galina Pavlovna Vishnevskaya (née Ivanova, Гали́на Па́вловна Вишне́вская; 25 October 192611 December 2012) was a Russian soprano opera singer and recitalist who was named a People's Artist of the USSR in 1966.
Garfield is a city in Bergen County, New Jersey, United States.
Gavin Roy Pelham Ashenden (born 1954) is a British Anglican clergyman.
Gavriil Nikolayevich Troyepolsky (or Troepolsky) (Гавриил Николаевич Троепольский) (O.S. 16 November (N.S. 29 November), 1905, Novospasovka, Tambov Governorate – 30 June 1995, Voronezh) was a Soviet writer, best known for his novel White Bim Black Ear.
Gedeon (Svyatopolk-Chetvertynsky) (Гедеон (Святополк-Четвертинський), Hedeon (Svyatopolk-Chetvertynskyi)) was a Ruthenian prince and religious figure and Metropolitan of Kiev, Galicia and all Little Russia (Ruthenia).
Gennady Dmitryak is a Russian conductor and Meritorious Artist.
Gennadius (Gennady, Геннадий; died 4 December 1505) was Archbishop of Novgorod the Great and Pskov from 1484 to 1504.
Gennady Andreyevich Zyuganov (Генна́дий Андре́евич Зюга́нов; born 26 June 1944) is a Russian communist politician who has been the leader of the Communist Party of the Russian Federation since 1993.
Bishop George (secular name Alexander Ivanovich Griaznov, Александр Иванович Грязнов (January 26, 1934 – April 1, 2011) was the Russian Orthodox archbishop of Chelyabinsk and Zlatoust and later bishop of Lyudinovo, auxiliary bishop of the Kaluga eparchy.
George of Evdokia (born George Wagner March 10, 1930 in Berlin, Germany – April 6, 1993 in Paris) was an Eastern Orthodox archbishop of the Ecumenical Patriarchate who led the Patriarchal Exarchate for Orthodox Parishes of Russian Tradition in Western Europe from 1981 to 1993.
Colonel George Trofimoff (March 9, 1927 – September 19, 2014) was a former United States military intelligence officer of Russian descent.
Saint George's Day (Егорий Осенний, Egoriy Osenniy, "George's in autumn", also just Юрьев день, Yuriev den', "George's day"; Ђурђиц/Đurđic) is one of two feasts of Saint George, celebrated on 16 November by the Russian Orthodox Church (26 November Julian Calendar) and Serbian Orthodox Church (3 November Julian Calendar), the other being Saint George's Day of Spring (6 May) in Gregorian calendar.
The country of Georgia became part of the Russian Empire in the 19th century.
The Georgian Apostolic Autocephalous Orthodox Church (საქართველოს სამოციქულო ავტოკეფალური მართლმადიდებელი ეკლესია, sakartvelos samotsikulo avt’ok’epaluri martlmadidebeli ek’lesia) is an autocephalous Eastern Orthodox Church in full communion with the other churches of Eastern Orthodoxy.
Father George Chistyakov (Отец Гео́ргий Чистяко́в; 1953–2007) was a Russian Orthodox priest and historian.
Father Georgy Apollonovich Gapon (Гео́ргий Аполло́нович Гапо́н; —) was a Russian Orthodox priest and a popular working class leader before the Russian Revolution of 1905.
Georgy Maximilianovich Malenkov (– 14 January 1988) was a Soviet politician who succeeded Joseph Stalin as Premier of the Soviet Union, holding this position from 1953 to 1955.
Archpriest George Leonidovich Roshko (Roshco or Roshko) (born on 31 December 1915, Cannes, France - died in 2003, Paris, France) was a priest of the Catholic Church, Plenipotentiary Visitator for Congregation for the Oriental Churches in leading Russian Catholic ministry in the world, a member of the Pontifical Council Cor Unum, member of the International Catholic Migration Commission, a member of the Pontifical Commission for the codification of Eastern Canon Law, rector of the parish of the Holy Trinity in Paris and a member of Russian apostolate.
Georgy Vasilyevich Sviridov (Russian: Гео́ргий Васи́льевич Свири́дов; his patronymic is also transliterated Vasil'yevich, Vasilievich, and Vasil'evich) (December 16, 1915 – January 6, 1998), HSL, PAU, was a Russian neoromantic composer, active in the Soviet era.
Gerasim Zelić (Герасим Зелић; 1752–1828) was a renowned Serbian Orthodox Church archimandrite, traveller and writer (a contemporary and compatriot of Dositej Obradović).
German Sterligov (Герман Стерлигов; born 18 October 1966) is a Russian businessman.
A Gerondas, (Γέροντας) is an Elder in the Greek Orthodox Church, similar to the Starets of the Russian Orthodox Church.
Gethsemane (Γεθσημανή, Gethsemane; גת שמנים, Gat Shmanim; ܓܕܣܡܢ, Gaḏ Šmānê, lit. "oil press") is an urban garden at the foot of the Mount of Olives in Jerusalem, most famous as the place where Jesus prayed and his disciples slept the night before His crucifixion; i.e. the site recorded as where the agony in the garden took place.
Ghenadie Valuța is a Moldovan priest and social activist.
The Ghost Town Trail is a rail trail in Western Pennsylvania that stretches from Black Lick, Indiana County, to Ebensburg, Cambria County.
Giorgio La Pira (9 January 1904 – 5 November 1977) - in religious life Raimondo - was an Italian Roman Catholic politician who served as the Mayor of Florence twice (1950-1956 and 1960-1964).
Frà Giovanni Battista Tommasi (Cortona, 6 October 1731 – Catania, 13 June 1805) was an Italian nobleman and 73rd Prince and Grand Master of the Order of Malta.
The Glasgow Orpheus Choir was founded in Glasgow, Scotland in 1906 by Hugh S. Roberton.
Gleb Yevgenyevich Botkin (Глеб Евге́ньевич Бо́ткин; 30 July 1900 – 15 December 1969) was the son of Dr. Yevgeny Botkin, the court physician who was murdered at Yekaterinburg by the Bolsheviks with Tsar Nicholas II and his family on 17 July 1918.
Gleb Verhovskiy (1888, Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation – 1935) was a Russian Orthodox converted to Catholicism of Byzantine Rite.
Gleb Pavlovich Yakunin (Глеб Па́влович Яку́нин; 4 March 1936 – 25 December 2014) was a Russian priest and dissident, who fought for the principle of freedom of conscience in the Soviet Union.
Glen Cove is a city in Nassau County, New York, United States, on the North Shore of Long Island.
The Glinsk Hermitage (formally known as the Nativity of the Theotokos Stavropegial Male Monastery) is a Russian Orthodox stavropegial monastery located in Ukraine, near the Russian border.
Glorification may have several meanings in the Christian religion.
For about a thousand years, in obedience to interpretations of specific Bible passages, pictorial depictions of God in Western Christianity had been avoided by Christian artists.
God-Building, an idea proposed by some prominent early Marxists of the Bolshevik faction of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party, proved very controversial.
The Golden Horde (Алтан Орд, Altan Ord; Золотая Орда, Zolotaya Orda; Алтын Урда, Altın Urda) was originally a Mongol and later Turkicized khanate established in the 13th century and originating as the northwestern sector of the Mongol Empire.
The Golden Ring (Золото́е кольцо́) is a ring of cities northeast of Moscow, the capital of Russia.
Good Friday is a Christian holiday celebrating the crucifixion of Jesus and his death at Calvary.
Good Friday processions in Baliuag or Holy Week procession in Baliuag, Bulacan is an event taking place in Holy Week, in a traditional Roman Catholic culture of the St. Augustine Parish Church of Baliuag.
The Goritsy Monastery of Resurrection (Воскресенский Горицкий монастырь) is a Russian Orthodox convent (female monastery) in the village of Goritsy, Kirillovsky District, Vologda oblast, Russia.
The Goritsky Monastery of Dormition (Успенский Горицкий монастырь) was a Russian Orthodox monastery in Pereslavl-Zalessky, Russia.
Lithuania is not the very centre of Gothic architecture, but it provides a number of examples, partly very different and some quite unique.
Gothic Chapel in Peterhof is an Orthodox church in the name of Saint Alexander Nevsky situated in the Alexandria Park of Petergof, Russia.
Under the leadership of Russian communist revolutionary Vladimir Lenin, the Bolshevik Party seized power in the Russian Republic during a coup known as the October Revolution.
Grand Duchess Alexandra Pavlovna of Russia, (Александра Павловна: 9 August 1783 at Saint Petersburg – 16 March 1801 in Buda) was a daughter of Tsar Paul I of Russia and sister of Emperors Alexander I and Nicholas I. She married Archduke Joseph of Austria, Governor of Hungary.) Her marriage was the only Romanov-Habsburg marital alliance that ever occurred.
Grand Duchess Anastasia Mikhailovna of Russia (Анастасия Михайловна; 28 July 1860 – 11 March 1922) was a daughter of Grand Duke Michael Nicolaievich of Russia and a granddaughter of Tsar Nicholas I of Russia.
Grand Duchess Anastasia Nikolaevna of Russia (– 17 July 1918) was the youngest daughter of Tsar Nicholas II, the last sovereign of Imperial Russia, and his wife, Tsarina Alexandra Feodorovna.
Grand Duchess Maria Alexandrovna of Russia (later Duchess of Edinburgh and Duchess of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha; Мария Александровна; – 24 October 1920) was the fifth child and only surviving daughter of Emperor Alexander II of Russia and his first wife Princess Marie of Hesse and by Rhine.
Grand Duchess Maria Nikolaevna of Russia (Maria Nikolaevna Romanova); Russian: Великая Княжна Мария Николаевна, – 17 July 1918) was the third daughter of Tsar Nicholas II of Russia and Tsarina Alexandra Feodorovna. Her murder following the Russian Revolution of 1917 resulted in her canonization as a passion bearer by the Russian Orthodox Church. During her lifetime, Maria, too young to become a Red Cross nurse like her elder sisters during World War I, was patroness of a hospital and instead visited wounded soldiers. Throughout her lifetime she was noted for her interest in the lives of the soldiers. The flirtatious Maria had a number of innocent crushes on the young men she met, beginning in early childhood. She hoped to marry and have a large family. She was an elder sister of Grand Duchess Anastasia Nikolaevna of Russia, whose alleged escape from the assassination of the imperial family was rumored for nearly 90 years. However, it was later proven that Anastasia did not escape. In the 1990s, it was suggested that Maria might have been the grand duchess whose remains were missing from the Romanov grave that was discovered near Yekaterinburg, Russia and exhumed in 1991. However, further remains were discovered in 2007, and DNA analysis subsequently proved that the entire Imperial family had been murdered in 1918.
Grand Duchess Maria Vladimirovna of Russia (Мари́я Влади́мировна Рома́нова; born 23 December 1953 in Madrid) has been a claimant to the headship of the Imperial Family of Russia (who reigned as Emperors and Autocrats of All the Russias from 1613 to 1917) since 1992.
Grand Duchess Olga Alexandrovna of Russia (О́льга Алекса́ндровна; – 24 November 1960) was the youngest child of Emperor Alexander III of Russia and younger sister of Emperor Nicholas II.
Grand Duchess Olga Nikolaevna of Russia (Olga Nikolaevna Romanova) ((Velikaya Knyazhna Ol'ga Nikolaevna); – 17 July 1918) was the eldest daughter of the last Tsar of the Russian Empire, Emperor Nicholas II, and of Empress Alexandra of Russia.
Grand Duchess Tatiana Nikolaevna of Russia (Tatiana Nikolaevna Romanova; Russian: Великая Княжна Татьяна Николаевна; 10 June 1897 – 17 July 1918) was the second daughter of Tsar Nicholas II, the last monarch of Russia, and of Tsarina Alexandra.
The Grand Duchy or Grand Principality of Moscow (Великое Княжество Московское, Velikoye Knyazhestvo Moskovskoye), also known in English simply as Muscovy from the Moscovia, was a late medieval Russian principality centered on Moscow and the predecessor state of the early modern Tsardom of Russia.
Grand Duke Alexei Alexandrovich of Russia,(Russian: Алексей Александрович; 14 January 1850 (2 January O.S.) in St. Petersburg – 14 November 1908 in Paris) was the fifth child and the fourth son of Alexander II of Russia and his first wife Maria Alexandrovna (Marie of Hesse).
Grand Duke Dimitri Pavlovich of Russia (Его Императорское Высочество Великий Князь Дмитрий Павлович; 18 September 1891 – 5 March 1942) was a Russian Grand Duke and one of the few Romanovs to escape murder by the Bolsheviks after the Russian Revolution.
Grand Duke George Mikhailovich of Russia (Георгий Михайлович Романов; born 13 March 1981) is the heir apparent to Maria Vladimirovna, Grand Duchess of Russia, a claimant to the disputed Headship of the Imperial Family of Russia.
Grand Duke Kirill (Cyril) Vladimirovich of Russia, (Кирилл Владимирович Рома́нов; Kirill Vladimirovich Romanov; – 12 October 1938) was a son of Grand Duke Vladimir Alexandrovich of Russia, a grandson of Emperor Alexander II and a first cousin of Nicholas II, Russia’s last Tsar.
Grand Duke Konstantin Nikolayevich of Russia (Константи́н Никола́евич Рома́нов; 21 September 1827 – 25 January 1892) was the second son of Tsar Nicholas I of Russia and younger brother of Tsar Alexander II.
Grand Duke Michael Pavlovich of Russia (Михаи́л Па́влович; Mikhail Pavlovich) (8 February 1798 – 9 September 1849) was a Russian prince, the tenth child and fourth son of Paul I of Russia and Sophie Dorothea of Württemberg.
Grand Duke Nicholas Mikhailovich of Russia (Великий князь Никола́й Миха́йлович, 26 April 1859 – 28 January 1919) was the eldest son of Grand Duke Michael Nikolaevich of Russia and a first cousin of Alexander III.
Grand Duke Sergei Alexandrovich of Russia (Сергей Александрович; May 11, 1857 – February 17, 1905) was the fifth son and seventh child of Emperor Alexander II of Russia.
Grand Duke Vladimir Alexandrovich of Russia (Влади́мир Александрович; 22 April 1847 – 17 February 1909) was a son of Emperor Alexander II of Russia, a brother of Emperor Alexander III of Russia and the senior Grand Duke of the House of Romanov during the reign of his nephew, Emperor Nicholas II.
This is a list of the 42 grandchildren of the British Queen Victoria (1819–1901, queen from 1837, married 1840) and her husband Prince Albert (the Prince Consort, 1819–1861), each of whom was therefore either a sibling or a first cousin to each of the others.
The Great Cemetery ('Lielie kapi'; 'Grosser Friedhof') was formerly the principal cemetery of Riga in Latvia, established in 1773.
Great Continental Railway Journeys is a British television documentary series presented by Michael Portillo.
The Great Menaion Reader ("Великие Четьи-Минеи", or Velikiye Chet’yi-Minei) is the official Russian Orthodox menologium, i.e., a collection of biblical books with interpretations of exordiums, patericons, translated or original hagiographies of Russian saints, works of church fathers, and Russian ecclesiastical writers.
Great Moravia (Regnum Marahensium; Μεγάλη Μοραβία, Megálī Moravía; Velká Morava; Veľká Morava; Wielkie Morawy), the Great Moravian Empire, or simply Moravia, was the first major state that was predominantly West Slavic to emerge in the area of Central Europe, chiefly on what is now the territory of the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Poland (including Silesia), and Hungary.
The Great Moscow Synod (Большой Московский собор) was a Pan-Orthodox synod convened by Tsar Alexis of Russia in Moscow in April 1666 in order to depose Patriarch Nikon of Moscow.
Great Perm (Пермь Великая), or simply Perm, Latinised Permia, was a medieval Komi state in what is now the Perm Krai of the Russian Federation.
The Great Purge or the Great Terror (Большо́й терро́р) was a campaign of political repression in the Soviet Union which occurred from 1936 to 1938.
Holy Cross Cathedral is a Greek Catholic cathedral of Eparchy of Mukachevo in Uzhhorod, Ukraine.
The Greek Catholic Eparchy of Mukachevo is an eparchy (diocese) associated with the Ruthenian Greek Catholic Church under an unidentified status.
Greek Old Calendarists (Greek: Παλαιοημερολογίτες, Paleoimerologites), sometimes abbreviated as GOC ("Genuine Orthodox Christians"), are groups of Old Calendarist Orthodox Christians that remained committed to the traditional Orthodox practice and are not in communion with many other Orthodox churches such as the Orthodox Church of Greece, the Patriarchate of Constantinople, or the Church of Cyprus.
The name Greek Orthodox Church (Greek: Ἑλληνορθόδοξη Ἑκκλησία, Ellinorthódoxi Ekklisía), or Greek Orthodoxy, is a term referring to the body of several Churches within the larger communion of Eastern Orthodox Christianity, whose liturgy is or was traditionally conducted in Koine Greek, the original language of the Septuagint and New Testament, and whose history, traditions, and theology are rooted in the early Church Fathers and the culture of the Byzantine Empire.
The Greek Orthodox Church of the Annunciation, also known as the Church of St.
The Greek response to the autocephaly of the Orthodox Church in America (OCA) consisted primarily in a number of letters and statements made in the early 1970s by the ancient autocephalous patriarchates of the Orthodox Church—the Churches of Constantinople, Alexandria, Antioch, and Jerusalem—along with the Church of Greece.
Greeks in Hawaii or Helene were some of the earliest westerners, haoles, to immigrate to Hawaii and were known for being one of the few white ethnicities to be opposed to the overthrow of the Hawaiian monarchy.
Greeks have been present in southern Russia from the 6th century BC; those settlers assimilated into the indigenous populations.
Greeks in Ukraine or Crimean Greeks are a Hellenic minority that reside in or used to live on the territory of modern Ukraine.
Gregorio Pietro XV Agagianian (anglicized: Gregory Peter; Western Գրիգոր Պետրոս ԺԵ., Krikor Bedros ŽĒ. Aghajanian; 18 September 1895 – 16 May 1971) was an Armenian Cardinal of the Catholic Church.
Gregorios Papamichael (Γρηγόριος Παπαμιχαήλ), 1875–1956, was a theologian of the Orthodox Church of Greece and a renowned professor at the Theology School of the University of Athens (1918-1920, and 1923-1939).
Patriarch Gregory II Youssef, also known as Gregory II Hanna Youssef-Sayour (October 17, 1823 – July 13, 1897), was Patriarch of the Melkite Greek Catholic Church from 1864 to 1897.
Gregory of Narek (Գրիգոր Նարեկացի Grigor Narekatsi, Western Armenian: Krikor Naregatsi; 9511003) was an Armenian monk, poet, mystical philosopher, theologian, and composer who is venerated as a Saint by both the Armenian Apostolic and Roman Catholic Churches.
Gregory Skovoroda, also Hryhorii Skovoroda, or Grigory Skovoroda (Gregorius Scovoroda, Григорій Савич Сковорода, Hryhorii Savych Skovoroda; Григо́рий Са́ввич Сковорода́, Grigory Savvich Skovoroda; 3 December 1722 – 9 November 1794) was a philosopher of Cossack origin, who wrote primarily in the Sloboda Ukraine dialect of the Russian language.
Gregory the Bulgarian (Григорий Болгарин), or Gregory II (1458 – d. 1474) was an Uniate Ruthenian metropolitan in Kiev, then in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania.
Gridino (Гри́дино) is a village in Yegoryevsky District of Moscow Oblast, Russia, located on the Shuvoyka River (Guslitsa River's tributary), in the historical area of Guslitsa.
Grigori Yefimovich Rasputin (Григо́рий Ефи́мович Распу́тин; –) was a Russian mystic and self-proclaimed holy man who befriended the family of Tsar Nicholas II, the last monarch of Russia, and gained considerable influence in late imperial Russia.
Praporshik Grigoriy Suk (also known as Grigory Suk in English, Григорий Эдуардович Сук) was a flying ace for the Imperial Russian Air Service during World War I.
Grigory Viktorovich Lepsveridze (Григо́рий Ви́кторович Лепсверидзе, გრიგორი ვიქტორის ძე ლეფსვერიძე), known as Grigory Leps (born 16 July 1962 in Sochi), is a Russian singer-songwriter of Georgian origin.
Prince Grigory Aleksandrovich Potemkin-Tavricheski (Григо́рий Алекса́ндрович Потёмкин-Таври́ческий; r Grigoriy Aleksandrovich Potyomkin-Tavricheskiy; A number of dates as late as 1742 have been found on record; the veracity of any one is unlikely to be proved. This is his "official" birth-date as given on his tombstone. –) was a Russian military leader, statesman, nobleman and favourite of Catherine the Great.
Grigory Alexeyevich Yavlinsky (Григо́рий Алексе́евич Явли́нский; born 10 April 1952) is a Russian economist and politician.
Grodno/Hrodna Region (Гродзенская вобласць, Hrodzienskaja vobłasć; Гродненская область, Grodnenskaya oblast) is one of the regions of Belarus.
Grover Carr Furr III (born April 3, 1944) is an American professor of Medieval English literature at Montclair State University, best known for writing on Joseph Stalin and the Soviet Union.
Gryazovetsky District (Гря́зовецкий райо́н) is an administrativeLaw #371-OZ and municipal districtLaw #1114-OZ (raion), one of the twenty-six in Vologda Oblast, Russia.
Gundelfingen im Breisgau is a municipality directly north of the city Freiburg in Baden-Württemberg in southern Germany.
Gush Etzion (גּוּשׁ עֶצְיוֹן, Etzion Bloc) is a cluster of Jewish settlements located in the Judaean Mountains, directly south of Jerusalem and Bethlehem in the West Bank.
Gustav IV Adolf or Gustav IV Adolph (1 November 1778 – 7 February 1837) was King of Sweden from 1792 until his abdication in 1809.
Hackenheim is an Ortsgemeinde – a municipality belonging to a Verbandsgemeinde, a kind of collective municipality – in the Bad Kreuznach district in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany.
Hahnenbach is an Ortsgemeinde – a municipality belonging to a Verbandsgemeinde, a kind of collective municipality – in the Bad Kreuznach district in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany.
The Hail Mary, also commonly called the Ave Maria (Latin) or Angelic Salutation, is a traditional Catholic prayer asking for the intercession of the Blessed Virgin Mary, the mother of Jesus.
Hailin is a county-level city, escrow by Mudanjiang prefecture-level city, Heilongjiang province, northeast China.
Hair is a protein filament that grows from follicles found in the dermis.
Hamilton Heights is a neighborhood in the northern part of Manhattan, which is a borough of New York City.
Hans-Georg Tersling (7 December 1857 – 13 November 1920) was a Danish architect who lived and worked for most of his life on the French Riviera where he became one of the most significant and productive architects of the Belle Époque.
Harbin is the capital of Heilongjiang province, and largest city in the northeastern region of the People's Republic of China.
Harold Whitmore Williams (6 April 1876 – 18 November 1928) was a New Zealand journalist, foreign editor of The Times and polyglot who is considered to have been one of the most accomplished polyglots in history.
Harold's Cross is an urban village and inner suburb on the south side of Dublin, Ireland.
Hélène Iswolsky (Елена Александровна Извольская, born in 1896 - died in 1975, Cold Spring, New York, United States) was a Russian noblewoman, anti-communist political refugee, writer, translator and journalist.
Princess Yelena "Hélène" Vasilyevna Kuragina (Елена "Эле́н" Васи́льевна Кура́гина) is a fictional character in Leo Tolstoy's novel War and Peace and its various cinematic adaptations.
Headquarters (commonly referred to as HQ or HD) is/are the locations where most, if not all, of the important functions of an organization are coordinated.
Heathenry, also termed Heathenism or Germanic Neopaganism, is a modern Pagan religion.
Hebron (الْخَلِيل; חֶבְרוֹן) is a Palestinian.
Hegumen, hegumenos, or igumen (ἡγούμενος, trans.) is the title for the head of a monastery in the Eastern Orthodox and Eastern Catholic Churches, similar to the title of abbot.
Heilbronn is a city in northern Baden-Württemberg, Germany.
Helena Petrovna Blavatsky (Еле́на Петро́вна Блава́тская, Yelena Petrovna Blavatskaya; 8 May 1891) was a Russian occultist, philosopher, and author who co-founded the Theosophical Society in 1875.
Helmuth von Pannwitz (14 October 1898 – 16 January 1947) was a German general who was a cavalry officer during the First and the Second World Wars.
Hemelum (Himmelum) is a small village in Súdwest Fryslân municipality, in the province Friesland of the Netherlands.
Hennweiler is an Ortsgemeinde – a municipality belonging to a Verbandsgemeinde, a kind of collective municipality – in the Bad Kreuznach district in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany.
Henric Sanielevici (first name also Henri, Henry or Enric, last name also Sanielevich; September 21, 1875 – February 19, 1951) was a Romanian journalist and literary critic, also remembered for his work in anthropology, ethnography, sociology and zoology.
Henrik Kalteisen, O.P., S.T.D., the Danish and Norwegian name of Heinrich Kalteisen (probably around 1390, Koblenz, Electorate of Trier – 2 October 1464, same placeWerner, "", Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie, Band 15, page 41), was a German theologian and, from 1452 to 1458, the 24th Archbishop of Nidaros in Norway.
Henry Parry Liddon (1829–1890), also known as H. P.
Henryk Baran is a scholar, author, and professor currently at the State University of New York, Albany (SUNY) holding a position in the Department of Languages, Literature & Culture.
Saint Herman of Alaska (r; 1750s – November 15, 1836) was a Russian Orthodox monk and missionary to Alaska, which was then part of Russian America.
Metropolitan German born Grigory Sadyrev-Polev; died November 6, 1568, Moscow was an archbishop of Kazan and later candidate Metropolitan of Moscow.
St. Herman of Solovki (Герман Соловецкий, died 1479) was one of the founders of the Solovetsky Monastery.
Herman of Valaam - a saint of the Russian Orthodox Church.
Hermann of Dorpat (or Hermann I, or Hermann von Buxhövden) (1163–1248) was the first Prince-Bishop of the Bishopric of Dorpat (1224–1248) within the Livonian Confederation.
A hermit (adjectival form: eremitic or hermitic) is a person who lives in seclusion from society, usually for religious reasons.
Georgiy Yefremovich Dolganyov (Георгий Ефремович Долганёв); 1858, Kherson Governorate – 15 June 1918) was a prominent Russian Orthodox religious figure and a monarchist with extreme right-wing ideas, supporting the Union of the Russian People and Black Hundreds. In 1917, he was appointed as Hermogenes, Bishop of Tobolsk and Siberia (священномученик Гермоген, епископ Тобольский и Сибирский). The Archbishop was canonized on 31 March 1999 being regarded as a Saint martyr.
Herzel Yankel Tsam (Герцель Янкелевич Цам; 1835–1915) was a Jewish cantonist in the Russian Empire, one of only nine Jewish officers in the Tsarist army in the 19th century who didn't convert to Christianity.
Hetman of Zaporizhian Host (Гетьман Війська Запорозького, Гетман Войска Запорожского, Hetman wojsk kozackich) is a former historic government office and political institution of Cossack Hetmanate (Zaporizhian Host) in Ukraine that was equivalent to a head of state.
Hewlett Johnson (25 January 1874 – 22 October 1966) was an English priest of the Church of England.
The hierarchy of the Catholic Church consists of its bishops, priests, and deacons.
This is a list of Leaders of the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church (formerly Ruthenia Catholic Church or Uniate Church).
Hieromonk Roman (Иеромонах Роман, secular name Alexander Ivanovich Matyushin, Александр Иванович Матюшин; born November 16, 1954, village Ryabchovsk, Trubchevsky District, Bryansk Oblast) is a Russian poet, singer-songwriter and hieromonk of the Russian Orthodox Church.
The Hilandar Monastery (Манастир Хиландар,, Μονή Χιλανδαρίου) is the Serbian Orthodox monastery in Mount Athos in Greece.
Hilarion Alfeyev (born Grigoriy Valerievich Alfeyev; 24 July 1966) is a bishop of the Russian Orthodox Church.
Archimandrite Ilarion (Иларио́н, – 29 May, 2008) was a priest of the Russian Orthodox Church.
Metropolitan Hilarion (born Igor Alexeyevich Kapral, Игорь Алексеевич Капрал; January 6, 1948 in Spirit River, Alberta, Canada) — bishop of the Russian Orthodox Church Outside Russia (ROCOR), Metropolitan of Eastern America and New York, First-Hierarch of ROCOR (since 18 May 2008); he is the first in its history First-Hierarch of ROCOR, approved by the Holy Synod of the Moscow Patriarchate.
Hillwood Estate, Museum & Gardens is a decorative arts museum in Washington, D.C., United States.
Hippolytus Lutostansky (1835–1915), also transliterated as Lutostanski, Liutostanskii, J. J. Ljutostanski, Ippolit Iosifovich Lutostanskiĭ; Polish: Hipolit Lutostański, was a former Catholic priest of Polish extraction in the Russian Empire, convert to the Russian Orthodox Church and an antisemite.
His Eminence (abbreviation "H.Em.", oral address Your Eminence or Most Reverend Eminence) is a historical style of reference for high nobility, still in use in various religious contexts.
A variety of social, cultural, ethnic, and linguistic factors contributed to the sparking of unrest in eastern and southern Ukraine in the aftermath of the early 2014 revolution in Ukraine.
The history of Alaska dates back to the Upper Paleolithic period (around 14,000 BC), when wanderer groups crossed the Bering land bridge into what is now western Alaska.
The history of antisemitism – defined as hostile actions or discrimination against Jews as a religious or ethnic group – goes back many centuries; antisemitism has been called "the longest hatred".
Atheism (derived from the Ancient Greek ἄθεος atheos meaning "without gods; godless; secular; denying or disdaining the gods, especially officially sanctioned gods") is the absence or rejection of the belief that deities exist.
The history of calendars, that is, of people creating and using methods for keeping track of days and larger divisions of time, covers a practice with very ancient roots.
The history of Christianity concerns the Christian religion, Christendom, and the Church with its various denominations, from the 1st century to the present.
The history of Christianity during the Middle Ages is the history of Christianity between the Fall of Rome and the onset of the Protestant Reformation during the early 16th century, the development usually taken to mark the beginning of modern Christianity.
The history of Christianity in Romania began within the Roman province of Lower Moesia, where many Christians were martyred at the end of the 3rd century.
Christianity was introduced to North America as it was colonized by Europeans beginning in the 16th and 17th centuries.
The history of Christianity in Ukraine dates back to the earliest centuries of the apostolic church and according to Radziwiłł Chronicle Saint Andrew has ascended on hills of the future city of Kiev.
The history of Chuvashia spans from the region's earliest habitation by Finno-Ugric peoples to its incorporation into the Russian Empire and its successor states.
The recorded history of the Crimean Peninsula, historically known as Tauris (Ταυρική), Taurica, and the Tauric Chersonese (Χερσόνησος Ταυρική, "Tauric Peninsula"), begins around the 5th century BC when several Greek colonies were established along its coast.
Djibouti is a country in the Horn of Africa.
The history of Eastern '''Orthodox Christian''' theology begins with the life of Jesus and the forming of the Christian Church.
The history of Estonia forms a part of the history of Europe.
The history of Europe covers the peoples inhabiting Europe from prehistory to the present.
The history of Kiev, the largest city and the capital of Ukraine, is documented as going back at least 1,400 years.
The history of Lithuania dates back to settlements founded many thousands of years ago, but the first written record of the name for the country dates back to 1009 AD.
Lviv (Ukrainian: Львів, L’viv; Lwów; Lemberg; לעמבערג; Lvov, see also other names) is an administrative center in western Ukraine with more than a millennium of history as a settlement, and over seven centuries as a city.
The history of modern Christianity concerns the Christian religion from the end of the Early Modern era to the present day.
The History of Russia begins with that of the East Slavs.
In 1855 Alexander II began his reign as Tsar of Russia, and presided over a period of political and social reform, notably the emancipation of serfs in 1861 and the lifting of censorship.
The history of Tbilisi, the capital of Georgia, dates back to at least the 5th century AD.
In the History of the East–West Schism, Eastern and Western Mediterranean Christians had a history of differences and disagreements dating back to the 2nd century.
The history of the Eastern Orthodox Church is traced back to Jesus Christ and the Apostles.
In AD 1453, the city of Constantinople, the capital and last stronghold of the Byzantine Empire, fell to the Ottoman Empire.
The history of the Jews in Poland dates back over 1,000 years.
History of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth (1569–1648) covers a period in the history of Poland and Lithuania, before their joint state was subjected to devastating wars in the middle of the 17th century.
Note: in the following sections, all examples of vocabulary appear in their modern spelling.
The Russian Orthodox Church (Русская Православная Церковь) is traditionally said to have been founded by Andrew the Apostle, who is thought to have visited Scythia and Greek colonies along the northern coast of the Black Sea.
The history of the Soviet Union between 1927 and 1953 covers the period in Soviet history from establishment of Stalinism through victory in the Second World War and down to the death of Joseph Stalin in 1953.
This is an overview of the history of theology in Greek thought and its relationship with Abrahamic religions.
Hlukhiv (Глу́хів, Głuchów) or Glukhov (Глухов) is a small historic town on the Esman River.
Hochstetten-Dhaun is an Ortsgemeinde – a municipality belonging to a Verbandsgemeinde, a kind of collective municipality – in the Bad Kreuznach district in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany.
The Holst Singers are an amateur choir based in London, United Kingdom.
The Holy Alliance (Heilige Allianz; Священный союз, Svyashchennyy soyuz; also called the Grand Alliance) was a coalition created by the monarchist great powers of Russia, Austria and Prussia.
Holy Assumption Orthodox Church, also known as Church of the Assumption of the Virgin Mary, is a Russian Orthodox parish church in Kenai, Kenai Peninsula Borough, Alaska, United States.
The Holy Corner is the English name for the Oud begijnhof or Old Saint Elisabeth beguinage in Ghent, Belgium.
Holy Field is an informal designation for the initiative taken by the parish of four churches located in Moscow region near the Holy Trinity Monastery.
Holy Myrrhbearers Cathedral (Кафедральный Собор Святых Жён-Мироносиц; Azeri: Müqəddəs Mürdaşıyan Zənənlər Başkilsəsi) is a Russian Orthodox cathedral in Baku, Azerbaijan.
In Roman Catholicism, the veneration Holy Name of Jesus (also Most Holy Name of Jesus, Santissimo Nome di Gesù) developed as a separate type of devotion in the Early Modern period, in parallel to that of the Sacred Heart.
Holy Olav Chapel (Hellige Olav kapell) is a chapel of the Russian Orthodox Church situated at Stiklestad in Verdal, Norway.
, also known as, in Chiyoda, Tokyo, is the main cathedral of the Japanese Orthodox Church.
The Holy Resurrection Church in Belkofski, Alaska is a historic Russian Orthodox church.
The Holy Resurrection Church is a historic Russian Orthodox church located at the corner of Mission Road and Kashevaroff Avenue in Kodiak, Alaska.
The Holy Resurrection Church is an Eastern Orthodox church in Kaunas, Lithuania, built in 1862 in the area of the local Orthodox cemetery.
Holy Rus (Свята́я Русь, Svyataya Rus) is a Russian Orthodox Christian organisation in Russia, headed by Ivan Otrakovsky.
Holy See–Russia relations (Российско-Ватиканские отношения) is the bilateral relationship between the Holy See and Russia.
Holy See–Serbia relations are foreign relations between the Holy See and Serbia.
Holy See–Soviet Union relations were marked by a long-standing persecution of the Catholic Church by the Soviet Union and the Warsaw Pact, criticized throughout the Cold War.
In several of the autocephalous Eastern Orthodox churches and Eastern Catholic Churches, the patriarch or head bishop is elected by a group of bishops called the Holy Synod.
The Holy Synod of the Russian Orthodox Church (Svyashchennyy sinod Russkoy pravoslavnoy tserkvi) serves by Church statute as the supreme administrative governing body of the Russian Orthodox Church in the periods between Bishops' Councils.
Holy Transfiguration Church is an Eastern Orthodox church in Kėdainiai.
The Holy Transfiguration of Our Lord Chapel is a historic Russian Orthodox church located near Ninilchik, Kenai Peninsula Borough, Alaska, that was built in 1901.
Holy Trinity Cathedral and The Russian Orthodox Spiritual and Cultural Center (Cathédrale de la Sainte-Trinité de Paris et Centre Spirituel et Culturel Orthodoxe Russe) is a complex that consists of 4 buildings in Paris, France: the Cultural Center found on Quai Branly, an educational complex in University Street, an administrative building in Rapp Street and the Holy Trinity Cathedral of the Russian Orthodox Church.
The Holy Trinity Cathedral (Russian: Свято-Троицкий собор, Hebrew: קתדרלת השילוש הקדוש) is a cathedral of the Russian Orthodox Church in Jerusalem.
Holy Trinity Church is a Russian Orthodox church in the village of Bolshaya Martynovka, Rostov Oblast, Russia.
The Holy Trinity Church (Гэгээн Троицкийн сүм) also called Trinity Church is the name given to a Russian Orthodox church in Ulaanbaatar, capital of Asian country of Mongolia; situated in Bayanzurkh (street Zhukova, 55).
The Holy Trinity is an important subject of iconographic representation in Eastern Orthodox Christianity, and has a rather different treatment from depictions in the Western Churches.
Holy Trinity Russian Orthodox Church is a Russian Orthodox church in Mebane, North Carolina.
Holy Trinity Russian Orthodox Church is a church of the Patriarchal Parishes in the USA of the Russian Orthodox Church, located in the Dunbar neighborhood of Baltimore, Maryland.
The Holy Virgin Cathedral, also known as Joy of All Who Sorrow, is a Russian Orthodox cathedral in the Richmond District of San Francisco.
Holy Wisdom (Greek translit, Latin Sancta Sapientia, Russian translit "Holy Sophia, Divine Wisdom") is a concept in Christian theology.
In Russian Orthodox tradition, Holy Wisdom (Russian: Святая София Премудрость Божия Svatya Sofiya Premudrost' Bozhya "Holy Sophia, Divine Wisdom") is a conventional topos of iconography, attested since at least the late 14th century.
House church in Russia is a church building or a part of the dwelling intended for performing religious rites by members of a certain household or an institution, such as a university, a prison, an orphanage, a boarding school, a seminary, etc.
The House of Mindaugas was the first royal family of Grand Duchy of Lithuania, centered on Mindaugas, the first known and undoubted sovereign of Lithuania.
The House of Romanov (. Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary. also Romanoff; Рома́новы, Románovy) was the second dynasty to rule Russia, after the House of Rurik, reigning from 1613 until the abdication of Tsar Nicholas II on March 15, 1917, as a result of the February Revolution.
Howell Township is a township in Monmouth County, New Jersey, United States.
Saint Hubertus or Hubert (656 – 30 May 727) became Bishop of Liège in 708 AD.
The Hudson Incident was an incident that gave rise to the foundation of the Albanian Orthodox Mission in America under the leadership of Fan Noli, who later would become the leader of the Orthodox Church of Albania.
Hugh de Willmott Newman (né Hugh George Newman; 17 January 1905 – 28 February 1979) was a bishop in the independent (non-Roman) Catholic movement and later an Archbishop for 'Western' British Orthodox churches (mostly Celtic Orthodox Church).
Sir Hugh Stevenson Roberton (23 February 18747 October 1952) was a Scottish composer and Britain's leading choral-master.
Human rights in Armenia tend to be better than those in most former Soviet republics and have drawn closer to acceptable standards, especially economically.
Human rights in Belarus have been described as "poor".
Human rights in Cuba are under the scrutiny of human rights organizations, who accuse the Cuban government of systematic human rights abuses, including arbitrary imprisonment and unfair trials.
As a successor to the Soviet Union the Russian Federation remains bound by such human rights instruments, adopted by the USSR, as the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, and International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (fully).
Hunting in Russia has an old tradition in terms of indigenous people, while the original features of state and princely economy were farming and cattle-breeding.
Decisions concerning the conduct of public worship in the Church of Scotland are entirely at the discretion of the parish minister.
An icon (from Greek εἰκών eikōn "image") is a religious work of art, most commonly a painting, from the Eastern Orthodox Church, Oriental Orthodoxy, and certain Eastern Catholic churches.
IconoclasmLiterally, "image-breaking", from κλάω.
Ieremia Cecan (first name also Jeremia, Eremia or Irimia, last name also Ciocan; Иеремия Чекан; 1867 or 1868 – June 27, 1941) was a Bessarabian-born Romanian journalist, Bessarabian Orthodox priest, and far-right political figure.
Saint Ignatius (secular name Dmitry Alexandrovich Brianchaninov, Дмитрий Александрович Брянчанинов,; 1807–1867) was a bishop and theologian of the Russian Orthodox Church.
Ignatius (Игнатий, Ιγνάτιος) (1540–1620) was a Russian Orthodox bishop of Greek descent who was the second Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia in 1605–1606, even though his status is now disputed and he is frequently omitted from the list of Patriarchs of Moscow by the Russian Orthodox Church.
Johann Joseph Ignaz von Döllinger (28 February 179914 January 1890), also Doellinger in English, was a German theologian, Catholic priest and church historian who rejected the dogma of papal infallibility.
Igor Akulov (Epiphany, Epiphanius; 13 April 1897, Novo-Nikitskaya, Korchevsky County, province of Tver — 27 August 1937, Leningrad) was a Russian Orthodox monk, a priest of the Russian Catholic Church, and a victim of Joseph Stalin's Great Purge.
Igor Buketoff (29 May 19157 September 2001) was an American conductor, arranger and teacher.
Igor Rostislavovich Shafarevich (И́горь Ростисла́вович Шафаре́вич; 3 June 1923 – 19 February 2017) was a Russian mathematician who contributed to algebraic number theory and algebraic geometry.
Igor Ivanovich Sikorsky (a, tr. Ígor' Ivánovič Sikórskij; May 25, 1889 – October 26, 1972),Fortier, Rénald.
Igor Dmitriyevich Spasskiy (Игорь Дмитриевич Спасский, born August 2, 1926) is a Russian (and former Soviet) scientist, engineer and entrepreneur, General Designer of nearly 200 Soviet and Russian nuclear submarines, and the head of the Central Design Bureau for Marine Engineering Rubin.
Igor Fyodorovich Stravinsky (ˈiɡərʲ ˈfʲɵdərəvʲɪtɕ strɐˈvʲinskʲɪj; 6 April 1971) was a Russian-born composer, pianist, and conductor.
Ilham Aliyev (İlham Heydər oğlu Əliyev; born 24 December 1961) is the fourth and current President of Azerbaijan, in office since 2003.
Ilie V. Cătărău (reportedly born Katarov, last name also Cătărău-Orhei; Bogdan Florin Popovici,,; retrieved October 20, 2011 1888 – ca. 1952) was a Bessarabian-born political adventurer, soldier and spy, who spent parts of his life in Romania.
Ilya Yevgrafovich Bondarenko (Илья Евграфович Бондаренко; 1867–1947) was a Russian-Soviet architect, historian and preservationist, notable for developing a particular style of Old Believers architecture in 1905-1917, blending Northern Russian revival with Art Nouveau.
Ilya Isidorovich Fondaminsky (Илья′ Исидо′рович Фондами′нский, February 17, 1880, Moscow, Russia — November 19, 1942, Auschwitz, (Oświęcim, Nazi-occupied Lesser Poland) was a Jewish Russian author (writing under the pseudonym Bunakov) and political activist, in 1910s one of the leaders of the ultra left Esers party, in 1917 a senior member of the Alexander Kerensky's Provisional government. In 1918 Fondaminsky took part in the Jassy Conference. In France where he was living since immigration in 1919, Fondaminsky veered off from the left and became an influential newspaper editor (Sovremennye Zapisky, among others), author of philosophical essays and in the later years — much admired philanthropist, supporting Christian magazines and charity funds. Facing the Nazi occupation, Fondaminsky refused to leave Paris, saying he was willing to accept his destiny whatever it may be. Arrested in July 1941 and sent to the concentration camp, he adopted Christianity and was christened a Russian Orthodox not long before being sent to Auschwitz. Ilya Fondaminsky died there on November 19, 1942. In 2003 he was officially pronounced a Russian Orthodox saintly martyr by the Patriarch of Constantinople.
Ilya Mikhailovich Frank (Илья́ Миха́йлович Франк) (23 October 1908 – 22 June 1990) was a Soviet winner of the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1958 jointly with Pavel Alekseyevich Cherenkov and Igor Y. Tamm, also of the Soviet Union.
Ilya Muromets (Илья Муромец), or Ilya of Murom, sometimes Ilya Murometz, is a folk hero of ancient Rus', a bogatyr (akin to knight-errant) and a character of many bylinas (East Slavic medieval epic poems).
Ilyinsky Pogost (Ильи́нский Пого́ст) is a village (selo) in Orekhovo-Zuyevsky District of Moscow Oblast, Russia, located on the Guslitsa River (Nerskaya's tributary).
Imiaslavie (Имяславие, literally praising the name) or Imiabozhie (Имябожие), also spelled imyaslavie and imyabozhie, and also referred to as onomatodoxy, is a dogmatic movement which asserts that the Name of God is God Himself.
The Imperial Russian Navy was the navy of the Russian Empire.
Articles (arranged alphabetically) related to the Azerbaijan Republic include.
Alphabetical list of Eastern Christianity-related articles on English Wikipedia.
Indonesia Orthodox Church (Gereja Ortodoks Indonesia, simply GOI) is a Christian group in Indonesia from Russian Orthodox Church denomination.
Inexhaustible Chalice (Russian: Неупиваемая чаша; also known in English as Inexaustible Cup or Non-intoxicating Chalice) is a wonderworking icon of the Mother of God (Θεοτόκος (Theotokos) or Богородица (Bogoroditsa)) which revealed itself in Serpukhov, Russia in 1878.
Infant baptism is the practice of baptising infants or young children.
Historical Ingria (Inkeri or Inkerinmaa; Ингрия, Ingriya, Ижорская земля, Izhorskaya zemlya, or Ингерманландия, Ingermanlandiya; Ingermanland; Ingeri or Ingerimaa) is the geographical area located along the southern shore of the Gulf of Finland, bordered by Lake Ladoga on the Karelian Isthmus in the north and by the River Narva on the border with Estonia in the west.
Ingrian (also called Izhorian) is a nearly extinct Finnic language spoken by the (mainly Orthodox) Izhorians of Ingria.
Saint Innocent of Alaska (August 26, 1797 – March 31, 1879, O.S.), also known as Saint Innocent Metropolitan of Moscow (Russian Святитель Иннокентий Митрополит Московский) was a Russian Orthodox missionary priest, then the first Orthodox bishop and archbishop in the Americas, and finally the Metropolitan of Moscow and all Russia.
Inochentism (occasionally translated as Innocentism or the Inochentist church; Russian: Иннокентьевцы, Innokentevtsy) is a millennialist and Charismatic Christian sect, split from mainstream Eastern Orthodoxy in the early 20th century.
The Insignia of Saint Olga (Знак отли́чия Свято́й Равноапо́стольной княги́ни О́льги) was an award that briefly existed from 1913 to 1917.
Intercession (Pokrovsky) Monastery (Покровский монастырь) is a Russian Orthodox convent situated in Moscow, in the neighbourhood of Taganka.
International reactions to the November 8, 2016 election of Republican Donald Trump emerged from around the world, including states, other institutions, and people.
The International Wind- and Watermill Museum (Internationales Wind- und Wassermühlen-Museum), at Gifhorn in the German state of Lower Saxony, is the only one of its kind in Europe.
Metropolitan Ioann (secular name Vasyl Mykolayovych Bodnarchuk, Василь Миколайович Боднарчук, Василий Николаевич Боднарчук; 12 April 1927 – 9 November 1994) was an Orthodox hierarch born in the Ternopil area of Western Ukraine, which at that time was a territory of Poland.
The Ipatiev Monastery (Ипатьевский монастырь in Russian)—sometimes translated into English as Hypatian Monastery—is a male monastery, situated on the bank of the Kostroma River just opposite the city of Kostroma.
The IQ-quarter (r) is a mixed-use complex composed of two skyscrapers and a high-rise located on plot 11 in the Moscow International Business Center (MIBC) in Moscow, Russia with a total area of.
The Iranian peoples, or Iranic peoples, are a diverse Indo-European ethno-linguistic group that comprise the speakers of the Iranian languages.
Iranians in Russia (ایرانیان روسیه; Иранцы в России) are Iranians in the Russian Federation, and are Russian citizens or permanent residents of (partial) Iranian national background.
Irena Medavoy aka Irena Ferris (born Irene Gerasimenko on September 19, 1958 in Los Angeles, California) is an American philanthropist, activist, and entrepreneur.
Metropolitan Ireney (Patron Saint St. Irenaeus of Lyons, secular name John Bekish, born Ivan Dmitriyevich Bekish, Иван Дмитриевич Бекиш; 2 October 1892, Mezhirech, Lublin Province (now Poland) – 18 March 1981, Staten Island, New York) was the primate of the Orthodox Church in America (OCA) from 1965 until his retirement in 1977.