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Index Scintillator

A scintillator is a material that exhibits scintillation—the property of luminescence, when excited by ionizing radiation. [1]

178 relations: Activator (phosphor), Advanced Thin Ionization Calorimeter, AGILE (satellite), Airborne particulate radioactivity monitoring, ANAIS, Anthracene, Astroparticle physics, Background radiation, Barium fluoride, Beam-index tube, Belle experiment, Beta particle, Birks' law, Bismuth germanate, Butyl PBD, Cadmium tungstate, Cadmium zinc telluride, Caesium, Caesium iodide, CALICE, Cargo scanning, Cerium(III) bromide, Compact Muon Solenoid, Comparison of dosimeters, Compton edge, Compton Gamma Ray Observatory, Cone beam reconstruction, Cosmic ray, Cosmic-ray observatory, Cowan–Reines neutrino experiment, Cryogenic Low-Energy Astrophysics with Neon, Cryogenic Rare Event Search with Superconducting Thermometers, Crystal Ball (detector), Daly detector, DAMA/LIBRA, Détecteur à Grande Acceptance pour la Physique Photonucléaire Expérimentale, Digital radiography, Diode, Dodecane, DONUT, Dopant, Doping (semiconductor), Double Chooz, DPO, Electron microscope, Electronic anticoincidence, Energetic Gamma Ray Experiment Telescope, Enriched Xenon Observatory, Everhart-Thornley detector, Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope, ..., Flat panel detector, Gadolinium, Gadolinium oxysulfide, GAMMA, Gamma counter, Gamma spectroscopy, Gamma-ray spectrometer, Geomagnetic storm, Geoneutrino, Germanium, Germanium Detector Array, GRAPES-3, Great Pyramid of Giza, Hans Grassmann, High Flux Isotope Reactor, History of neuroimaging, Hodoscope, Index of optics articles, Index of physics articles (S), INTEGRAL, Ion-to-photon detector, Ionizing radiation, Jiangmen Underground Neutrino Observatory, John Call Cook, Jonathon Keats, Joseph Dwyer, Kamioka Liquid Scintillator Antineutrino Detector, Kamioka Observatory, Korea Invisible Mass Search, Kosmos 60, Lanthanide, Lanthanum, Lanthanum(III) bromide, Lanthanum(III) chloride, Large-area neutron detector, Lawrence Schulman, Li'l Abner, Linear alkylbenzene, Liquid scintillation counting, List of neutrino experiments, List of Pawn Stars episodes, Luna 1, Lunar Polar Hydrogen Mapper, Lutetium-yttrium oxyorthosilicate, Magnetic proton recoil neutron spectrometer, MARIACHI, MINOS, Modular Neutron Array, Monopole, Astrophysics and Cosmic Ray Observatory, Mu to E Gamma, Muography, Nai, Neutrino, Neutrino detector, Neutron detection, Neutron temperature, NOvA, Nucifer experiment, Nuclear engineering, Nuclear medicine, OPERA experiment, Operation of computed tomography, Optical fiber, Particle detector, PERDaix, Period 6 element, Phosphor, Phoswich detector, Photocathode, Photodiode, Photomultiplier, Polyethylene naphthalate, Polyvinyl toluene, POPOP, Positron annihilation spectroscopy, Positron emission tomography, PPO, Radioactive scrap metal, Radioactivity in the life sciences, RaLa Experiment, Rectilinear scanner, Robert Hofstadter, Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer, Scanning electron microscope, Scheelite, Scintillating bolometer, Scintillation (physics), Scintillation counter, Shmoo, Small article monitor, SNO+, Sodium iodide, Soudan 1, Spark chamber, Spinthariscope, Stolzite, Supercontinuum, T2K experiment, TD-1A, Tests of relativistic energy and momentum, Thallium halides, Thallium(I) iodide, THESEUS (spacecraft), Time of flight detector, Timeline of atomic and subatomic physics, Timeline of physical chemistry, Timeline of quantum mechanics, Total absorption spectroscopy, Tungsten, UA2 experiment, Venera 1, Washington Large Area Time Coincidence Array, Weakly interacting massive particles, Well counter, Whole-body counting, Wipe test counter, X-ray astronomy detector, X-ray detector, X-ray telescope, Yttrium aluminium garnet, Yuri G. Zdesenko, ZEUS (particle detector), Zinc selenide, Zinc sulfide, (E)-Stilbene, (Z)-Stilbene, 1,2,4-Trimethylbenzene, 2,5-Diphenyloxazole. Expand index (128 more) »

Activator (phosphor)

In phosphors and scintillators, the activator is the element added as dopant to the crystal of the material to create desired type of nonhomogeneities.

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Advanced Thin Ionization Calorimeter

The Advanced Thin Ionization Calorimeter (ATIC) is a balloon-borne instrument flying in the stratosphere over Antarctica to measure the energy and composition of cosmic rays.

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AGILE (satellite)

AGILE (Astro‐Rivelatore Gamma a Immagini Leggero) is an X-ray and Gamma ray astronomical satellite of the Italian Space Agency (ASI).

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Airborne particulate radioactivity monitoring

Continuous particulate air monitors (CPAMs) have been used for years in nuclear facilities to assess airborne particulate radioactivity (APR).

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ANAIS is a particle detector experiment designed to detect dark matter.

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Anthracene is a solid polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) of formula C14H10, consisting of three fused benzene rings.

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Astroparticle physics

Astroparticle physics, also called particle astrophysics, is a branch of particle physics that studies elementary particles of astronomical origin and their relation to astrophysics and cosmology.

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Background radiation

Background radiation is a measure of the ionizing radiation present in the environment at a particular location which is not due to deliberate introduction of radiation sources.

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Barium fluoride

Barium fluoride (BaF2) is a chemical compound of barium and fluorine and is a salt.

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Beam-index tube

The beam-index tube is a color television cathode ray tube (CRT) design, using phosphor stripes and active-feedback timing, rather than phosphor dots and a beam-shadowing mask as developed by RCA.

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Belle experiment

The Belle experiment was a particle physics experiment conducted by the Belle Collaboration, an international collaboration of more than 400 physicists and engineers, at the High Energy Accelerator Research Organisation (KEK) in Tsukuba, Ibaraki Prefecture, Japan.

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Beta particle

A beta particle, also called beta ray or beta radiation, (symbol β) is a high-energy, high-speed electron or positron emitted by the radioactive decay of an atomic nucleus during the process of beta decay.

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Birks' law

Birks' law (named after British physicist John B. Birks) is an empirical formula for the light yield per path length as a function of the energy loss per path length for a particle traversing a scintillator, and gives a relation that is not linear at high loss rates.

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Bismuth germanate

Bismuth germanium oxide or bismuth germanate is an inorganic chemical compound of bismuth, germanium and oxygen.

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Butyl PBD

Butyl PBD or b-PBD is a fluorescent organic compound used in the Liquid Scintillator Neutrino Detector (LSND) at Los Alamos National Laboratory, USA.

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Cadmium tungstate

Cadmium tungstate (CdWO4 or CWO), the cadmium salt of tungstic acid, is a dense, chemically inert solid which is used as a scintillation crystal to detect gamma rays.

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Cadmium zinc telluride

Cadmium zinc telluride, (CdZnTe) or CZT, is a compound of cadmium, zinc and tellurium or, more strictly speaking, an alloy of cadmium telluride and zinc telluride.

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Caesium (British spelling and IUPAC spelling) or cesium (American spelling) is a chemical element with symbol Cs and atomic number 55.

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Caesium iodide

Caesium iodide or cesium iodide (chemical formula CsI) is the ionic compound of caesium and iodine.

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The CALICE (CAlorimeter for LInear Collider Experiment) collaboration is an R&D group of more than 280 physicists and engineers from around the world, working together to develop new, high performance detectors for high energy positron-electron (e^+e^-) experiments at future International Linear Collider (ILC).

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Cargo scanning

Cargo scanning or non-intrusive inspection (NII) refers to non-destructive methods of inspecting and identifying goods in transportation systems.

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Cerium(III) bromide

Cerium(III) bromide is an inorganic compound with the formula CeBr3.

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Compact Muon Solenoid

The Compact Muon Solenoid (CMS) experiment is one of two large general-purpose particle physics detectors built on the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN in Switzerland and France.

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Comparison of dosimeters

The following table compares a features of dosimeters.

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Compton edge

In spectrophotometry, the Compton edge is a feature of the spectrograph that results from the Compton scattering in the scintillator or detector.

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Compton Gamma Ray Observatory

The Compton Gamma Ray Observatory (CGRO) was a space observatory detecting photons with energies from 20 keV to 30 GeV, in Earth orbit from 1991 to 2000.

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Cone beam reconstruction

In microtomography X-ray scanners, cone beam reconstruction is one of two common scanning methods, the other being Fan beam reconstruction.

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Cosmic ray

Cosmic rays are high-energy radiation, mainly originating outside the Solar System and even from distant galaxies.

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Cosmic-ray observatory

A cosmic-ray observatory is a scientific installation built to detect high-energy-particles coming from space called cosmic rays.

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Cowan–Reines neutrino experiment

The Cowan–Reines neutrino experiment was performed by Clyde L. Cowan and Frederick Reines in 1956.

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Cryogenic Low-Energy Astrophysics with Neon

The Cryogenic Low-Energy Astrophysics with Noble liquids (CLEAN) experiment by the DEAP/CLEAN collaboration is searching for dark matter using noble gases at the SNOLAB underground facility.

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Cryogenic Rare Event Search with Superconducting Thermometers

The Cryogenic Rare Event Search with Superconducting Thermometers (CRESST) is a collaboration of European experimental particle physics groups involved in the construction of cryogenic detectors for direct dark matter searches.

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Crystal Ball (detector)

The Crystal Ball was a hermetic particle detector used initially with the SPEAR particle accelerator at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center beginning in 1979.

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Daly detector

A Daly detector is a gas-phase ion detector that consists of a metal "doorknob", a scintillator (phosphor screen) and a photomultiplier.

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The DAMA/LIBRA experiment is a particle detector experiment designed to detect dark matter using the direct detection approach, by using a matrix of NaI(Tl) scintillation detectors to detect dark matter particles in the galactic halo.

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Détecteur à Grande Acceptance pour la Physique Photonucléaire Expérimentale

DAPHNE (Détecteur à Grande Acceptance pour la Physique Photonucléaire Expérimentale) was designed by the DAPNIA department of the Commissariat à l'Energie Atomique, in collaboration with the Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare.

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Digital radiography

Digital radiography is a form of X-ray imaging, where digital X-ray sensors are used instead of traditional photographic film.

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A diode is a two-terminal electronic component that conducts current primarily in one direction (asymmetric conductance); it has low (ideally zero) resistance in one direction, and high (ideally infinite) resistance in the other.

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Dodecane (also known as dihexyl, bihexyl, adakane 12 or duodecane) is a liquid alkane hydrocarbon with the chemical formula CH3(CH2)10CH3 (or C12H26), an oily liquid of the paraffin series.

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DONUT (Direct observation of the nu tau, E872) was an experiment at Fermilab dedicated to the search for tau neutrino interactions.

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A dopant, also called a doping agent, is a trace impurity element that is inserted into a substance (in very low concentrations) to alter the electrical or optical properties of the substance.

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Doping (semiconductor)

In semiconductor production, doping is the intentional introduction of impurities into an intrinsic semiconductor for the purpose of modulating its electrical properties.

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Double Chooz

Double Chooz is a short-baseline neutrino oscillation experiment in Chooz, France.

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DPO may refer to.

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Electron microscope

An electron microscope is a microscope that uses a beam of accelerated electrons as a source of illumination.

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Electronic anticoincidence

Electronic anticoincidence is a method (and its associated hardware) widely used to suppress unwanted, "background" events in high energy physics, experimental particle physics, gamma-ray spectroscopy, gamma-ray astronomy, experimental nuclear physics, and related fields.

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Energetic Gamma Ray Experiment Telescope

The Energetic Gamma Ray Experiment Telescope (EGRET) was one of four instruments outfitted on NASA’s Compton Gamma Ray Observatory satellite.

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Enriched Xenon Observatory

The Enriched Xenon Observatory (EXO) is a particle physics experiment searching for neutrinoless double beta decay of xenon-136 at WIPP near Carlsbad, New Mexico, U.S. Neutrinoless double beta decay (0νββ) detection would prove the Majorana nature of neutrinos and impact the neutrino mass values and ordering.

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Everhart-Thornley detector

The Everhart-Thornley Detector (E-T detector or ET detector) is a secondary electron and back-scattered electron detector used in scanning electron microscopes (SEMs).

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Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope

The Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope (FGST), formerly called the Gamma-ray Large Area Space Telescope (GLAST), is a space observatory being used to perform gamma-ray astronomy observations from low Earth orbit.

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Flat panel detector

Flat panel detectors are a class of solid-state x-ray digital radiography devices similar in principle to the image sensors used in digital photography and video.

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Gadolinium is a chemical element with symbol Gd and atomic number 64.

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Gadolinium oxysulfide

Gadolinium oxysulfide (Gd2O2S), also called gadolinium sulfoxylate, GOS or Gadox, is an inorganic compound, a mixed oxide-sulfide of gadolinium.

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The GAMMA experiment is a study of.

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Gamma counter

A gamma counter is a machine to measure gamma radiation emitted by a radionuclide.

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Gamma spectroscopy

Gamma-ray spectroscopy is the quantitative study of the energy spectra of gamma-ray sources, in such as the nuclear industry, geochemical investigation, and astrophysics.

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Gamma-ray spectrometer

A gamma-ray spectrometer (GRS) is an instrument for measuring the distribution (or spectrum—see figure) of the intensity of gamma radiation versus the energy of each photon.

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Geomagnetic storm

A geomagnetic storm (commonly referred to as a solar storm) is a temporary disturbance of the Earth's magnetosphere caused by a solar wind shock wave and/or cloud of magnetic field that interacts with the Earth's magnetic field.

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A geoneutrino is a neutrino or antineutrino emitted in decay of radionuclide naturally occurring in the Earth.

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Germanium is a chemical element with symbol Ge and atomic number 32.

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Germanium Detector Array

The Germanium Detector Array (or GERDA) experiment is searching for neutrinoless double beta decay (0νββ) in Ge-76 at the underground Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso (LNGS).

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The GRAPES-3 experiment (or Gamma Ray Astronomy PeV EnergieS phase-3) located at Ooty in India started as a collaboration of the Indian Tata Institute of Fundamental Research and the Japanese Osaka City University, and now also includes the Japanese Nagoya Women's University.

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Great Pyramid of Giza

The Great Pyramid of Giza (also known as the Pyramid of Khufu or the Pyramid of Cheops) is the oldest and largest of the three pyramids in the Giza pyramid complex bordering what is now El Giza, Egypt.

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Hans Grassmann

Hans Grassmann (Bamberg, 21 May 1960) is a German physicist, writer and entrepreneur, who teaches and works in Italy.

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High Flux Isotope Reactor

The High Flux Isotope Reactor (or HFIR) is a nuclear research reactor located at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, United States.

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History of neuroimaging

The first neuroimaging technique ever is the so-called ‘human circulation balance’ invented by Angelo Mosso in the 1880s and able to non-invasively measure the redistribution of blood during emotional and intellectual activity.

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A hodoscope (from the Greek "hodos" for way or path, and "skopos" an observer) is an instrument used in particle detectors to detect passing charged particles and determine their trajectories.

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Index of optics articles

Optics is the branch of physics which involves the behavior and properties of light, including its interactions with matter and the construction of instruments that use or detect it.

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Index of physics articles (S)

The index of physics articles is split into multiple pages due to its size.

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INTErnational Gamma-Ray Astrophysics Laboratory (INTEGRAL) is a currently operational space telescope for observing gamma rays.

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Ion-to-photon detector

An ion-to-photon detector (IPD) is a component used for detecting ions in mass spectrometry.

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Ionizing radiation

Ionizing radiation (ionising radiation) is radiation that carries enough energy to liberate electrons from atoms or molecules, thereby ionizing them.

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Jiangmen Underground Neutrino Observatory

The Jiangmen Underground Neutrino Observatory (JUNO) is a medium baseline reactor neutrino experiment under construction at Kaiping, Jiangmen in Southern China.

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John Call Cook

John Call Cook, PhD (April 7, 1918 – October 12, 2012) was an American geophysicist who played a crucial role in establishing the field of ground-penetrating radar and is generally regarded as contributing the fundamental research to develop the field.

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Jonathon Keats

Jonathon Keats (born October 2, 1971) is an American conceptual artist and experimental philosopher known for creating large-scale thought experiments.

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Joseph Dwyer

Joseph R. Dwyer (born 1963) is an American physicist known for his lightning research.

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Kamioka Liquid Scintillator Antineutrino Detector

The Kamioka Liquid Scintillator Antineutrino Detector (KamLAND) is an electron antineutrino detector at the Kamioka Observatory, an underground neutrino detection facility near Toyama, Japan.

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Kamioka Observatory

The is a neutrino and gravitational waves laboratory located underground in the Mozumi Mine of the Kamioka Mining and Smelting Co. near the Kamioka section of the city of Hida in Gifu Prefecture, Japan.

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Korea Invisible Mass Search

The Korea Invisible Mass Search (KIMS Collaboration), is a South Korean experiment, led by Sun Kee Kim, searching for Weakly interacting massive particles (WIMPs), one of the candidates for dark matter.

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Kosmos 60

Kosmos 60 (Космос 60 meaning Cosmos 60) was an E-6 series probe, launched by the Soviet Union on March 12, 1965.

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The lanthanide or lanthanoid series of chemical elements comprises the 15 metallic chemical elements with atomic numbers 57 through 71, from lanthanum through lutetium.

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Lanthanum is a chemical element with symbol La and atomic number 57.

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Lanthanum(III) bromide

Lanthanum(III) bromide (LaBr3) is an inorganic halide salt of lanthanum.

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Lanthanum(III) chloride

Lanthanum chloride is the inorganic compound with the formula LaCl3.

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Large-area neutron detector

The large-area neutron detector, also known as LAND, is the name of a detector of neutrons installed at GSI (Institute for Heavy Ion Research) in Arheilgen, close to the city of Darmstadt, Germany.

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Lawrence Schulman

Lawrence S. Schulman (born 1941) is an American-Israeli physicist known for his work on path integrals, quantum measurement theory and statistical mechanics.

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Li'l Abner

Li'l Abner is a satirical American comic strip that appeared in many newspapers in the United States, Canada and Europe, featuring a fictional clan of hillbillies in the impoverished mountain village of Dogpatch, USA.

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Linear alkylbenzene

Linear alkylbenzenes (sometimes also referred as LABss) are a family of organic compounds with the formula C6H5CnH2n+1.

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Liquid scintillation counting

Liquid scintillation counting is the measurement of activity of a sample of radioactive material which uses the technique of mixing the active material with a liquid scintillator (e.g. Zinc sulfide), and counting the resultant photon emissions.

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List of neutrino experiments

This is a non-exhaustive list of neutrino experiments, neutrino detectors, and neutrino telescopes.

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List of Pawn Stars episodes

Pawn Stars is an American reality television series that premiered on History on July 19, 2009.

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Luna 1

Luna 1, also known as Mechta (Мечта, lit.: Dream), E-1 No.4 and First Lunar Rover, was the first spacecraft to reach the vicinity of the Earth's Moon, and the first spacecraft to be placed in heliocentric orbit.

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Lunar Polar Hydrogen Mapper

Lunar Polar Hydrogen Mapper, or LunaH-Map, is one of 13 CubeSats planned to be launched with Exploration Mission 1 in 2019.

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Lutetium-yttrium oxyorthosilicate

Lutetium-yttrium oxyorthosilicate, also known as LYSO, is an inorganic chemical compound with main use as a scintillator crystal.

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Magnetic proton recoil neutron spectrometer

Magnetic Proton Recoil neutron spectrometer is a large high-resolution neutron spectrometer installed at JET.

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MARIACHI, the Mixed Apparatus for Radar Investigation of Cosmic-rays of High Ionization, is an apparatus for the detection of ultra-high-energy cosmic rays (UHECR) via bi-static radar interferometry using VHF transmitters.

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Main injector neutrino oscillation search (MINOS) was a particle physics experiment designed to study the phenomena of neutrino oscillations, first discovered by a Super-Kamiokande (Super-K) experiment in 1998.

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Modular Neutron Array

The Modular Neutron Array (MoNA) is a large-area, high efficiency neutron detector that is used in basic research of rare isotopes at Michigan State University's National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory (NSCL), a nuclear physics research facility.

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Monopole, Astrophysics and Cosmic Ray Observatory

MACRO (Monopole, Astrophysics and Cosmic Ray Observatory) was a particle physics experiment located at the Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso in Abruzzo, Italy.

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Mu to E Gamma

The Mu to E Gamma (MEG) is a particle physics experiment dedicated to measuring the decay of the muon into an electron and a photon, a decay mode which is heavily suppressed in the Standard Model by lepton flavour conservation, but enhanced in supersymmetry and grand unified theories.

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Muography is an imaging technique that produces a projectional image of a target volume by recording elementary particles, called muons, either electronically or chemically with materials that are sensitive to charged particles such as nuclear emulsions.

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Nai or NAI may refer to: In music.

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A neutrino (denoted by the Greek letter ν) is a fermion (an elementary particle with half-integer spin) that interacts only via the weak subatomic force and gravity.

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Neutrino detector

A neutrino detector is a physics apparatus which is designed to study neutrinos.

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Neutron detection

Neutron detection is the effective detection of neutrons entering a well-positioned detector.

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Neutron temperature

The neutron detection temperature, also called the neutron energy, indicates a free neutron's kinetic energy, usually given in electron volts.

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The NOνA (NuMI Off-Axis νe Appearance) experiment is a particle physics experiment designed to detect neutrinos in Fermilab's NuMI (Neutrinos at the Main Injector) beam.

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Nucifer experiment

The Nucifer Experiment is a proposed test of equipment and methodologies for using neutrino detection (or, more specifically, antineutrino detection) for the monitoring of nuclear reactor activity and the assessment of the isotopic composition of reactor fuels for non-proliferation treaty compliance monitoring.

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Nuclear engineering

Nuclear engineering is the branch of engineering concerned with the application of breaking down atomic nuclei (fission) or of combining atomic nuclei (fusion), or with the application of other sub-atomic processes based on the principles of nuclear physics.

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Nuclear medicine

Nuclear medicine is a medical specialty involving the application of radioactive substances in the diagnosis and treatment of disease.

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OPERA experiment

The Oscillation Project with Emulsion-tRacking Apparatus (OPERA) was an instrument used in a scientific experiment for detecting tau neutrinos from muon neutrino oscillations.

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Operation of computed tomography

X-ray computed tomography operates by using an X-ray generator that rotates around the object; X-ray detectors are positioned on the opposite side of the circle from the X-ray source.

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Optical fiber

An optical fiber or optical fibre is a flexible, transparent fiber made by drawing glass (silica) or plastic to a diameter slightly thicker than that of a human hair.

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Particle detector

In experimental and applied particle physics, nuclear physics, and nuclear engineering, a particle detector, also known as a radiation detector, is a device used to detect, track, and/or identify ionizing particles, such as those produced by nuclear decay, cosmic radiation, or reactions in a particle accelerator.

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PERDaix (Proton Electron Radiation Detector Aix-la-Chapelle) is a novel, small and light weight magnetic spectrometer to measure the charge and mass dependent solar modulation periodically for deeper understanding of cosmic rays.

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Period 6 element

A period 6 element is one of the chemical elements in the sixth row (or period) of the periodic table of the elements, including the lanthanides.

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A phosphor, most generally, is a substance that exhibits the phenomenon of luminescence.

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Phoswich detector

Phoswich detectors were developed to detect low-intensity, low-energy gamma rays, X-rays, as well as alpha and beta particles efficiently in a higher-energy ambient background.

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A photocathode is a negatively charged electrode in a light detection device such as a photomultiplier or phototube that is coated with a photosensitive compound.

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A photodiode is a semiconductor device that converts light into an electrical current.

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Photomultiplier tubes (photomultipliers or PMTs for short), members of the class of vacuum tubes, and more specifically vacuum phototubes, are extremely sensitive detectors of light in the ultraviolet, visible, and near-infrared ranges of the electromagnetic spectrum.

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Polyethylene naphthalate

Polyethylene naphthalate (poly(ethylene 2,6-naphthalate or PEN) is a polyester derived from naphthalene-2,6-dicarboxylic acid and ethylene glycol. As such it is related to poly(ethylene)terephthalate, but with superior barrier properties.

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Polyvinyl toluene

Polyvinyltoluene (PVT, polyvinyl toluene) is a synthetic polymer of alkylbenzenes with a linear formula n. Commercial vinyl toluene is a mixture of methyl styrene isomers File:Chemical_formula_for_polyvinyl_tolulene.png|chemical formula for PVT.

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POPOP or 1,4-bis(5-phenyloxazol-2-yl) benzene is a scintillator.

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Positron annihilation spectroscopy

Positron annihilation spectroscopy (PAS) or sometimes specifically referred to as Positron annihilation lifetime spectroscopy (PALS) is a non-destructive spectroscopy technique to study voids and defects in solids.

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Positron emission tomography

Positron-emission tomography (PET) is a nuclear medicine functional imaging technique that is used to observe metabolic processes in the body as an aid to the diagnosis of disease.

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PPO may refer to.

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Radioactive scrap metal

Radioactive scrap metal is created when radioactive material enters the metal recycling process and contaminates scrap metal.

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Radioactivity in the life sciences

Radioactivity is generally used in life sciences for highly sensitive and direct measurements of biological phenomena, and for visualizing the location of biomolecules radiolabelled with a radioisotope.

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RaLa Experiment

The RaLa Experiment, or RaLa, was a series of tests during and after the Manhattan Project designed to study the behavior of converging shock waves to achieve the spherical implosion necessary for compression of the plutonium pit of the nuclear weapon.

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Rectilinear scanner

A rectilinear scanner is an imaging device, used to capture emission from radiopharmaceuticals in nuclear medicine.

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Robert Hofstadter

Robert Hofstadter (February 5, 1915 – November 17, 1990) was an American physicist.

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Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer

The Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer (RXTE) was a satellite that observed the time variation of astronomical X-ray sources, named after physicist Bruno Rossi.

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Scanning electron microscope

A scanning electron microscope (SEM) is a type of electron microscope that produces images of a sample by scanning the surface with a focused beam of electrons.

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Scheelite is a calcium tungstate mineral with the chemical formula CaWO4.

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Scintillating bolometer

A scintillating bolometer (or luminescent bolometer) is a scientific instrument used particle physics in the search for events with low energy deposition.

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Scintillation (physics)

Scintillation is a flash of light produced in a transparent material by the passage of a particle (an electron, an alpha particle, an ion, or a high-energy photon).

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Scintillation counter

A scintillation counter is an instrument for detecting and measuring ionizing radiation by using the excitation effect of incident radiation on a scintillator material, and detecting the resultant light pulses.

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The shmoo (plural: shmoon, also shmoos) is a fictional cartoon creature created by Al Capp (1909–79); the character first appeared in its classic comic strip Li'l Abner on August 31, 1948.

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Small article monitor

A Small Article Monitor or SAM is a monitoring device designed to screen small items of up to 50 pounds weight for radioactive contamination.

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SNO+ is a physics experiment designed to search for neutrinoless double beta decay, with secondary measurements of proton–electron–proton (pep) solar neutrinos, geoneutrinos from radioactive decays in the Earth, and reactor neutrinos.

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Sodium iodide

Sodium iodide (chemical formula NaI) is an ionic compound formed from the chemical reaction of sodium metal and iodine.

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Soudan 1

Soudan 1 was a particle detector located in the Soudan Mine in Northern Minnesota, United States.

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Spark chamber

A spark chamber is a particle detector.

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A spinthariscope is a device for observing individual nuclear disintegrations caused by the interaction of ionizing radiation with a phosphor (see radioluminescence) or scintillator.

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Stolzite is a mineral, a lead tungstate; with the formula PbWO4.

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In optics, a supercontinuum is formed when a collection of nonlinear processes act together upon a pump beam in order to cause severe spectral broadening of the original pump beam, for example using a microstructured optical fiber.

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T2K experiment

T2K (Tokai to Kamioka, Japan) is a particle physics experiment that is a collaboration between several countries, including Japan, Canada, France, Germany, Italy, South Korea, Poland, Russia, Spain, Switzerland, the United States, and the United Kingdom.

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TD-1A, or Thor-Delta 1A, was a European astrophysical research satellite which was launched in 1972.

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Tests of relativistic energy and momentum

Tests of relativistic energy and momentum are aimed at measuring the relativistic expressions for energy, momentum, and mass.

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Thallium halides

The thallium halides include monohalides, where thallium has oxidation state +1, trihalides where thallium generally has oxidation state +3 and some intermediate halides with mixed +1 and +3 oxidation states.

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Thallium(I) iodide

Thallium(I) iodide is a chemical compound with the formula.

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THESEUS (spacecraft)

Transient High-Energy Sky and Early Universe Surveyor (THESEUS) is a space telescope mission proposal by the European Space Agency that would study gamma-ray bursts and X-rays for investigating the early universe.

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Time of flight detector

A time of flight (TOF) detector is a particle detector which can discriminate between a lighter and a heavier elementary particle of same momentum using their time of flight between two scintillators.

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Timeline of atomic and subatomic physics

A timeline of atomic and subatomic physics.

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Timeline of physical chemistry

The timeline of physical chemistry lists the sequence of physical chemistry theories and discoveries in chronological order.

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Timeline of quantum mechanics

This timeline of quantum mechanics shows the key steps, precursors and contributors to the development of quantum mechanics, quantum field theories and quantum chemistry.

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Total absorption spectroscopy

Total absorption spectroscopy is a measurement technique that allows the measurement of the gamma radiation emitted in the different nuclear gamma transitions that may take place in the daughter nucleus after its unstable parent has decayed by means of the beta decay process.

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Tungsten, or wolfram, is a chemical element with symbol W (referring to wolfram) and atomic number 74.

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UA2 experiment

The Underground Area 2 (UA2) experiment was a high-energy physics experiment at the Proton-Antiproton Collider (SpS) — a modification of the Super Proton Synchrotron (SPS) — at CERN.

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Venera 1

Venera 1 (Венера-1 meaning Venus 1), also known as Venera-1VA No.2 and occasionally in the West as Sputnik 8 was the first spacecraft to fly past Venus, as part of the Soviet Union's Venera programme.

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Washington Large Area Time Coincidence Array

The Washington Area Large-scale Time-coincidence Array (WALTA) is a cosmic ray physics experiment run by the University of Washington to investigate ultra high energy cosmic rays (>1019eV).

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Weakly interacting massive particles

Weakly interacting massive particles (WIMPs) are hypothetical particles that are thought to constitute dark matter.

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Well counter

A well counter is a device used for measuring radioactivity in small samples.

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Whole-body counting

In health physics, whole-body counting refers to the measurement of radioactivity within the human body.

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Wipe test counter

A wipe test counter is a device used to measure for possible radioactive contamination in a variety of environments.

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X-ray astronomy detector

X-ray astronomy detectors are instruments that detect X-rays for use in the study of X-ray astronomy.

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X-ray detector

X-ray detectors are devices used to measure the flux, spatial distribution, spectrum, and/or other properties of X-rays.

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X-ray telescope

An X-ray telescope (XRT) is a telescope that is designed to observe remote objects in the X-ray spectrum.

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Yttrium aluminium garnet

Yttrium aluminium garnet (YAG, Y3Al5O12) is a synthetic crystalline material of the garnet group.

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Yuri G. Zdesenko

Yuri G. Zdesenko (Здесенко Юрій Георгійович); 6 October 1943 – 1 September 2004, was a Ukrainian nuclear physicist known for a significant contribution to investigations of double beta decay.

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ZEUS (particle detector)

ZEUS was a particle detector that operated on the HERA (Hadron Elektron Ring Anlage) particle accelerator at DESY, Hamburg.

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Zinc selenide

Zinc selenide (ZnSe) is a light-yellow, solid compound comprising zinc (Zn) and selenium (Se).

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Zinc sulfide

Zinc sulfide (or zinc sulphide) is an inorganic compound with the chemical formula of ZnS.

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(E)-Stilbene, commonly known as trans-stilbene, is an organic compound represented by the condensed structural formula C6H5CH.

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(Z)-Stilbene is a diarylethene, that is, a hydrocarbon consisting of a cis ethene double bond substituted with a phenyl group on both carbon atoms of the double bond.

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1,2,4-Trimethylbenzene, also known as pseudocumene, is an organic compound with the chemical formula C6H3(CH3)3.

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2,5-Diphenyloxazole (PPO) is an organic scintillator.

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[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scintillator

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