Logo
Unionpedia
Communication
Get it on Google Play
New! Download Unionpedia on your Android™ device!
Download
Faster access than browser!
 

Scintillator

Index Scintillator

A scintillator is a material that exhibits scintillation—the property of luminescence, when excited by ionizing radiation. [1]

178 relations: Activator (phosphor), Advanced Thin Ionization Calorimeter, AGILE (satellite), Airborne particulate radioactivity monitoring, ANAIS, Anthracene, Astroparticle physics, Background radiation, Barium fluoride, Beam-index tube, Belle experiment, Beta particle, Birks' law, Bismuth germanate, Butyl PBD, Cadmium tungstate, Cadmium zinc telluride, Caesium, Caesium iodide, CALICE, Cargo scanning, Cerium(III) bromide, Compact Muon Solenoid, Comparison of dosimeters, Compton edge, Compton Gamma Ray Observatory, Cone beam reconstruction, Cosmic ray, Cosmic-ray observatory, Cowan–Reines neutrino experiment, Cryogenic Low-Energy Astrophysics with Neon, Cryogenic Rare Event Search with Superconducting Thermometers, Crystal Ball (detector), Daly detector, DAMA/LIBRA, Détecteur à Grande Acceptance pour la Physique Photonucléaire Expérimentale, Digital radiography, Diode, Dodecane, DONUT, Dopant, Doping (semiconductor), Double Chooz, DPO, Electron microscope, Electronic anticoincidence, Energetic Gamma Ray Experiment Telescope, Enriched Xenon Observatory, Everhart-Thornley detector, Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope, ..., Flat panel detector, Gadolinium, Gadolinium oxysulfide, GAMMA, Gamma counter, Gamma spectroscopy, Gamma-ray spectrometer, Geomagnetic storm, Geoneutrino, Germanium, Germanium Detector Array, GRAPES-3, Great Pyramid of Giza, Hans Grassmann, High Flux Isotope Reactor, History of neuroimaging, Hodoscope, Index of optics articles, Index of physics articles (S), INTEGRAL, Ion-to-photon detector, Ionizing radiation, Jiangmen Underground Neutrino Observatory, John Call Cook, Jonathon Keats, Joseph Dwyer, Kamioka Liquid Scintillator Antineutrino Detector, Kamioka Observatory, Korea Invisible Mass Search, Kosmos 60, Lanthanide, Lanthanum, Lanthanum(III) bromide, Lanthanum(III) chloride, Large-area neutron detector, Lawrence Schulman, Li'l Abner, Linear alkylbenzene, Liquid scintillation counting, List of neutrino experiments, List of Pawn Stars episodes, Luna 1, Lunar Polar Hydrogen Mapper, Lutetium-yttrium oxyorthosilicate, Magnetic proton recoil neutron spectrometer, MARIACHI, MINOS, Modular Neutron Array, Monopole, Astrophysics and Cosmic Ray Observatory, Mu to E Gamma, Muography, Nai, Neutrino, Neutrino detector, Neutron detection, Neutron temperature, NOvA, Nucifer experiment, Nuclear engineering, Nuclear medicine, OPERA experiment, Operation of computed tomography, Optical fiber, Particle detector, PERDaix, Period 6 element, Phosphor, Phoswich detector, Photocathode, Photodiode, Photomultiplier, Polyethylene naphthalate, Polyvinyl toluene, POPOP, Positron annihilation spectroscopy, Positron emission tomography, PPO, Radioactive scrap metal, Radioactivity in the life sciences, RaLa Experiment, Rectilinear scanner, Robert Hofstadter, Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer, Scanning electron microscope, Scheelite, Scintillating bolometer, Scintillation (physics), Scintillation counter, Shmoo, Small article monitor, SNO+, Sodium iodide, Soudan 1, Spark chamber, Spinthariscope, Stolzite, Supercontinuum, T2K experiment, TD-1A, Tests of relativistic energy and momentum, Thallium halides, Thallium(I) iodide, THESEUS (spacecraft), Time of flight detector, Timeline of atomic and subatomic physics, Timeline of physical chemistry, Timeline of quantum mechanics, Total absorption spectroscopy, Tungsten, UA2 experiment, Venera 1, Washington Large Area Time Coincidence Array, Weakly interacting massive particles, Well counter, Whole-body counting, Wipe test counter, X-ray astronomy detector, X-ray detector, X-ray telescope, Yttrium aluminium garnet, Yuri G. Zdesenko, ZEUS (particle detector), Zinc selenide, Zinc sulfide, (E)-Stilbene, (Z)-Stilbene, 1,2,4-Trimethylbenzene, 2,5-Diphenyloxazole. Expand index (128 more) »

Activator (phosphor)

In phosphors and scintillators, the activator is the element added as dopant to the crystal of the material to create desired type of nonhomogeneities.

New!!: Scintillator and Activator (phosphor) · See more »

Advanced Thin Ionization Calorimeter

The Advanced Thin Ionization Calorimeter (ATIC) is a balloon-borne instrument flying in the stratosphere over Antarctica to measure the energy and composition of cosmic rays.

New!!: Scintillator and Advanced Thin Ionization Calorimeter · See more »

AGILE (satellite)

AGILE (Astro‐Rivelatore Gamma a Immagini Leggero) is an X-ray and Gamma ray astronomical satellite of the Italian Space Agency (ASI).

New!!: Scintillator and AGILE (satellite) · See more »

Airborne particulate radioactivity monitoring

Continuous particulate air monitors (CPAMs) have been used for years in nuclear facilities to assess airborne particulate radioactivity (APR).

New!!: Scintillator and Airborne particulate radioactivity monitoring · See more »

ANAIS

ANAIS is a particle detector experiment designed to detect dark matter.

New!!: Scintillator and ANAIS · See more »

Anthracene

Anthracene is a solid polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) of formula C14H10, consisting of three fused benzene rings.

New!!: Scintillator and Anthracene · See more »

Astroparticle physics

Astroparticle physics, also called particle astrophysics, is a branch of particle physics that studies elementary particles of astronomical origin and their relation to astrophysics and cosmology.

New!!: Scintillator and Astroparticle physics · See more »

Background radiation

Background radiation is a measure of the ionizing radiation present in the environment at a particular location which is not due to deliberate introduction of radiation sources.

New!!: Scintillator and Background radiation · See more »

Barium fluoride

Barium fluoride (BaF2) is a chemical compound of barium and fluorine and is a salt.

New!!: Scintillator and Barium fluoride · See more »

Beam-index tube

The beam-index tube is a color television cathode ray tube (CRT) design, using phosphor stripes and active-feedback timing, rather than phosphor dots and a beam-shadowing mask as developed by RCA.

New!!: Scintillator and Beam-index tube · See more »

Belle experiment

The Belle experiment was a particle physics experiment conducted by the Belle Collaboration, an international collaboration of more than 400 physicists and engineers, at the High Energy Accelerator Research Organisation (KEK) in Tsukuba, Ibaraki Prefecture, Japan.

New!!: Scintillator and Belle experiment · See more »

Beta particle

A beta particle, also called beta ray or beta radiation, (symbol β) is a high-energy, high-speed electron or positron emitted by the radioactive decay of an atomic nucleus during the process of beta decay.

New!!: Scintillator and Beta particle · See more »

Birks' law

Birks' law (named after British physicist John B. Birks) is an empirical formula for the light yield per path length as a function of the energy loss per path length for a particle traversing a scintillator, and gives a relation that is not linear at high loss rates.

New!!: Scintillator and Birks' law · See more »

Bismuth germanate

Bismuth germanium oxide or bismuth germanate is an inorganic chemical compound of bismuth, germanium and oxygen.

New!!: Scintillator and Bismuth germanate · See more »

Butyl PBD

Butyl PBD or b-PBD is a fluorescent organic compound used in the Liquid Scintillator Neutrino Detector (LSND) at Los Alamos National Laboratory, USA.

New!!: Scintillator and Butyl PBD · See more »

Cadmium tungstate

Cadmium tungstate (CdWO4 or CWO), the cadmium salt of tungstic acid, is a dense, chemically inert solid which is used as a scintillation crystal to detect gamma rays.

New!!: Scintillator and Cadmium tungstate · See more »

Cadmium zinc telluride

Cadmium zinc telluride, (CdZnTe) or CZT, is a compound of cadmium, zinc and tellurium or, more strictly speaking, an alloy of cadmium telluride and zinc telluride.

New!!: Scintillator and Cadmium zinc telluride · See more »

Caesium

Caesium (British spelling and IUPAC spelling) or cesium (American spelling) is a chemical element with symbol Cs and atomic number 55.

New!!: Scintillator and Caesium · See more »

Caesium iodide

Caesium iodide or cesium iodide (chemical formula CsI) is the ionic compound of caesium and iodine.

New!!: Scintillator and Caesium iodide · See more »

CALICE

The CALICE (CAlorimeter for LInear Collider Experiment) collaboration is an R&D group of more than 280 physicists and engineers from around the world, working together to develop new, high performance detectors for high energy positron-electron (e^+e^-) experiments at future International Linear Collider (ILC).

New!!: Scintillator and CALICE · See more »

Cargo scanning

Cargo scanning or non-intrusive inspection (NII) refers to non-destructive methods of inspecting and identifying goods in transportation systems.

New!!: Scintillator and Cargo scanning · See more »

Cerium(III) bromide

Cerium(III) bromide is an inorganic compound with the formula CeBr3.

New!!: Scintillator and Cerium(III) bromide · See more »

Compact Muon Solenoid

The Compact Muon Solenoid (CMS) experiment is one of two large general-purpose particle physics detectors built on the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN in Switzerland and France.

New!!: Scintillator and Compact Muon Solenoid · See more »

Comparison of dosimeters

The following table compares a features of dosimeters.

New!!: Scintillator and Comparison of dosimeters · See more »

Compton edge

In spectrophotometry, the Compton edge is a feature of the spectrograph that results from the Compton scattering in the scintillator or detector.

New!!: Scintillator and Compton edge · See more »

Compton Gamma Ray Observatory

The Compton Gamma Ray Observatory (CGRO) was a space observatory detecting photons with energies from 20 keV to 30 GeV, in Earth orbit from 1991 to 2000.

New!!: Scintillator and Compton Gamma Ray Observatory · See more »

Cone beam reconstruction

In microtomography X-ray scanners, cone beam reconstruction is one of two common scanning methods, the other being Fan beam reconstruction.

New!!: Scintillator and Cone beam reconstruction · See more »

Cosmic ray

Cosmic rays are high-energy radiation, mainly originating outside the Solar System and even from distant galaxies.

New!!: Scintillator and Cosmic ray · See more »

Cosmic-ray observatory

A cosmic-ray observatory is a scientific installation built to detect high-energy-particles coming from space called cosmic rays.

New!!: Scintillator and Cosmic-ray observatory · See more »

Cowan–Reines neutrino experiment

The Cowan–Reines neutrino experiment was performed by Clyde L. Cowan and Frederick Reines in 1956.

New!!: Scintillator and Cowan–Reines neutrino experiment · See more »

Cryogenic Low-Energy Astrophysics with Neon

The Cryogenic Low-Energy Astrophysics with Noble liquids (CLEAN) experiment by the DEAP/CLEAN collaboration is searching for dark matter using noble gases at the SNOLAB underground facility.

New!!: Scintillator and Cryogenic Low-Energy Astrophysics with Neon · See more »

Cryogenic Rare Event Search with Superconducting Thermometers

The Cryogenic Rare Event Search with Superconducting Thermometers (CRESST) is a collaboration of European experimental particle physics groups involved in the construction of cryogenic detectors for direct dark matter searches.

New!!: Scintillator and Cryogenic Rare Event Search with Superconducting Thermometers · See more »

Crystal Ball (detector)

The Crystal Ball was a hermetic particle detector used initially with the SPEAR particle accelerator at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center beginning in 1979.

New!!: Scintillator and Crystal Ball (detector) · See more »

Daly detector

A Daly detector is a gas-phase ion detector that consists of a metal "doorknob", a scintillator (phosphor screen) and a photomultiplier.

New!!: Scintillator and Daly detector · See more »

DAMA/LIBRA

The DAMA/LIBRA experiment is a particle detector experiment designed to detect dark matter using the direct detection approach, by using a matrix of NaI(Tl) scintillation detectors to detect dark matter particles in the galactic halo.

New!!: Scintillator and DAMA/LIBRA · See more »

Détecteur à Grande Acceptance pour la Physique Photonucléaire Expérimentale

DAPHNE (Détecteur à Grande Acceptance pour la Physique Photonucléaire Expérimentale) was designed by the DAPNIA department of the Commissariat à l'Energie Atomique, in collaboration with the Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare.

New!!: Scintillator and Détecteur à Grande Acceptance pour la Physique Photonucléaire Expérimentale · See more »

Digital radiography

Digital radiography is a form of X-ray imaging, where digital X-ray sensors are used instead of traditional photographic film.

New!!: Scintillator and Digital radiography · See more »

Diode

A diode is a two-terminal electronic component that conducts current primarily in one direction (asymmetric conductance); it has low (ideally zero) resistance in one direction, and high (ideally infinite) resistance in the other.

New!!: Scintillator and Diode · See more »

Dodecane

Dodecane (also known as dihexyl, bihexyl, adakane 12 or duodecane) is a liquid alkane hydrocarbon with the chemical formula CH3(CH2)10CH3 (or C12H26), an oily liquid of the paraffin series.

New!!: Scintillator and Dodecane · See more »

DONUT

DONUT (Direct observation of the nu tau, E872) was an experiment at Fermilab dedicated to the search for tau neutrino interactions.

New!!: Scintillator and DONUT · See more »

Dopant

A dopant, also called a doping agent, is a trace impurity element that is inserted into a substance (in very low concentrations) to alter the electrical or optical properties of the substance.

New!!: Scintillator and Dopant · See more »

Doping (semiconductor)

In semiconductor production, doping is the intentional introduction of impurities into an intrinsic semiconductor for the purpose of modulating its electrical properties.

New!!: Scintillator and Doping (semiconductor) · See more »

Double Chooz

Double Chooz is a short-baseline neutrino oscillation experiment in Chooz, France.

New!!: Scintillator and Double Chooz · See more »

DPO

DPO may refer to.

New!!: Scintillator and DPO · See more »

Electron microscope

An electron microscope is a microscope that uses a beam of accelerated electrons as a source of illumination.

New!!: Scintillator and Electron microscope · See more »

Electronic anticoincidence

Electronic anticoincidence is a method (and its associated hardware) widely used to suppress unwanted, "background" events in high energy physics, experimental particle physics, gamma-ray spectroscopy, gamma-ray astronomy, experimental nuclear physics, and related fields.

New!!: Scintillator and Electronic anticoincidence · See more »

Energetic Gamma Ray Experiment Telescope

The Energetic Gamma Ray Experiment Telescope (EGRET) was one of four instruments outfitted on NASA’s Compton Gamma Ray Observatory satellite.

New!!: Scintillator and Energetic Gamma Ray Experiment Telescope · See more »

Enriched Xenon Observatory

The Enriched Xenon Observatory (EXO) is a particle physics experiment searching for neutrinoless double beta decay of xenon-136 at WIPP near Carlsbad, New Mexico, U.S. Neutrinoless double beta decay (0νββ) detection would prove the Majorana nature of neutrinos and impact the neutrino mass values and ordering.

New!!: Scintillator and Enriched Xenon Observatory · See more »

Everhart-Thornley detector

The Everhart-Thornley Detector (E-T detector or ET detector) is a secondary electron and back-scattered electron detector used in scanning electron microscopes (SEMs).

New!!: Scintillator and Everhart-Thornley detector · See more »

Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope

The Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope (FGST), formerly called the Gamma-ray Large Area Space Telescope (GLAST), is a space observatory being used to perform gamma-ray astronomy observations from low Earth orbit.

New!!: Scintillator and Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope · See more »

Flat panel detector

Flat panel detectors are a class of solid-state x-ray digital radiography devices similar in principle to the image sensors used in digital photography and video.

New!!: Scintillator and Flat panel detector · See more »

Gadolinium

Gadolinium is a chemical element with symbol Gd and atomic number 64.

New!!: Scintillator and Gadolinium · See more »

Gadolinium oxysulfide

Gadolinium oxysulfide (Gd2O2S), also called gadolinium sulfoxylate, GOS or Gadox, is an inorganic compound, a mixed oxide-sulfide of gadolinium.

New!!: Scintillator and Gadolinium oxysulfide · See more »

GAMMA

The GAMMA experiment is a study of.

New!!: Scintillator and GAMMA · See more »

Gamma counter

A gamma counter is a machine to measure gamma radiation emitted by a radionuclide.

New!!: Scintillator and Gamma counter · See more »

Gamma spectroscopy

Gamma-ray spectroscopy is the quantitative study of the energy spectra of gamma-ray sources, in such as the nuclear industry, geochemical investigation, and astrophysics.

New!!: Scintillator and Gamma spectroscopy · See more »

Gamma-ray spectrometer

A gamma-ray spectrometer (GRS) is an instrument for measuring the distribution (or spectrum—see figure) of the intensity of gamma radiation versus the energy of each photon.

New!!: Scintillator and Gamma-ray spectrometer · See more »

Geomagnetic storm

A geomagnetic storm (commonly referred to as a solar storm) is a temporary disturbance of the Earth's magnetosphere caused by a solar wind shock wave and/or cloud of magnetic field that interacts with the Earth's magnetic field.

New!!: Scintillator and Geomagnetic storm · See more »

Geoneutrino

A geoneutrino is a neutrino or antineutrino emitted in decay of radionuclide naturally occurring in the Earth.

New!!: Scintillator and Geoneutrino · See more »

Germanium

Germanium is a chemical element with symbol Ge and atomic number 32.

New!!: Scintillator and Germanium · See more »

Germanium Detector Array

The Germanium Detector Array (or GERDA) experiment is searching for neutrinoless double beta decay (0νββ) in Ge-76 at the underground Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso (LNGS).

New!!: Scintillator and Germanium Detector Array · See more »

GRAPES-3

The GRAPES-3 experiment (or Gamma Ray Astronomy PeV EnergieS phase-3) located at Ooty in India started as a collaboration of the Indian Tata Institute of Fundamental Research and the Japanese Osaka City University, and now also includes the Japanese Nagoya Women's University.

New!!: Scintillator and GRAPES-3 · See more »

Great Pyramid of Giza

The Great Pyramid of Giza (also known as the Pyramid of Khufu or the Pyramid of Cheops) is the oldest and largest of the three pyramids in the Giza pyramid complex bordering what is now El Giza, Egypt.

New!!: Scintillator and Great Pyramid of Giza · See more »

Hans Grassmann

Hans Grassmann (Bamberg, 21 May 1960) is a German physicist, writer and entrepreneur, who teaches and works in Italy.

New!!: Scintillator and Hans Grassmann · See more »

High Flux Isotope Reactor

The High Flux Isotope Reactor (or HFIR) is a nuclear research reactor located at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, United States.

New!!: Scintillator and High Flux Isotope Reactor · See more »

History of neuroimaging

The first neuroimaging technique ever is the so-called ‘human circulation balance’ invented by Angelo Mosso in the 1880s and able to non-invasively measure the redistribution of blood during emotional and intellectual activity.

New!!: Scintillator and History of neuroimaging · See more »

Hodoscope

A hodoscope (from the Greek "hodos" for way or path, and "skopos" an observer) is an instrument used in particle detectors to detect passing charged particles and determine their trajectories.

New!!: Scintillator and Hodoscope · See more »

Index of optics articles

Optics is the branch of physics which involves the behavior and properties of light, including its interactions with matter and the construction of instruments that use or detect it.

New!!: Scintillator and Index of optics articles · See more »

Index of physics articles (S)

The index of physics articles is split into multiple pages due to its size.

New!!: Scintillator and Index of physics articles (S) · See more »

INTEGRAL

INTErnational Gamma-Ray Astrophysics Laboratory (INTEGRAL) is a currently operational space telescope for observing gamma rays.

New!!: Scintillator and INTEGRAL · See more »

Ion-to-photon detector

An ion-to-photon detector (IPD) is a component used for detecting ions in mass spectrometry.

New!!: Scintillator and Ion-to-photon detector · See more »

Ionizing radiation

Ionizing radiation (ionising radiation) is radiation that carries enough energy to liberate electrons from atoms or molecules, thereby ionizing them.

New!!: Scintillator and Ionizing radiation · See more »

Jiangmen Underground Neutrino Observatory

The Jiangmen Underground Neutrino Observatory (JUNO) is a medium baseline reactor neutrino experiment under construction at Kaiping, Jiangmen in Southern China.

New!!: Scintillator and Jiangmen Underground Neutrino Observatory · See more »

John Call Cook

John Call Cook, PhD (April 7, 1918 – October 12, 2012) was an American geophysicist who played a crucial role in establishing the field of ground-penetrating radar and is generally regarded as contributing the fundamental research to develop the field.

New!!: Scintillator and John Call Cook · See more »

Jonathon Keats

Jonathon Keats (born October 2, 1971) is an American conceptual artist and experimental philosopher known for creating large-scale thought experiments.

New!!: Scintillator and Jonathon Keats · See more »

Joseph Dwyer

Joseph R. Dwyer (born 1963) is an American physicist known for his lightning research.

New!!: Scintillator and Joseph Dwyer · See more »

Kamioka Liquid Scintillator Antineutrino Detector

The Kamioka Liquid Scintillator Antineutrino Detector (KamLAND) is an electron antineutrino detector at the Kamioka Observatory, an underground neutrino detection facility near Toyama, Japan.

New!!: Scintillator and Kamioka Liquid Scintillator Antineutrino Detector · See more »

Kamioka Observatory

The is a neutrino and gravitational waves laboratory located underground in the Mozumi Mine of the Kamioka Mining and Smelting Co. near the Kamioka section of the city of Hida in Gifu Prefecture, Japan.

New!!: Scintillator and Kamioka Observatory · See more »

Korea Invisible Mass Search

The Korea Invisible Mass Search (KIMS Collaboration), is a South Korean experiment, led by Sun Kee Kim, searching for Weakly interacting massive particles (WIMPs), one of the candidates for dark matter.

New!!: Scintillator and Korea Invisible Mass Search · See more »

Kosmos 60

Kosmos 60 (Космос 60 meaning Cosmos 60) was an E-6 series probe, launched by the Soviet Union on March 12, 1965.

New!!: Scintillator and Kosmos 60 · See more »

Lanthanide

The lanthanide or lanthanoid series of chemical elements comprises the 15 metallic chemical elements with atomic numbers 57 through 71, from lanthanum through lutetium.

New!!: Scintillator and Lanthanide · See more »

Lanthanum

Lanthanum is a chemical element with symbol La and atomic number 57.

New!!: Scintillator and Lanthanum · See more »

Lanthanum(III) bromide

Lanthanum(III) bromide (LaBr3) is an inorganic halide salt of lanthanum.

New!!: Scintillator and Lanthanum(III) bromide · See more »

Lanthanum(III) chloride

Lanthanum chloride is the inorganic compound with the formula LaCl3.

New!!: Scintillator and Lanthanum(III) chloride · See more »

Large-area neutron detector

The large-area neutron detector, also known as LAND, is the name of a detector of neutrons installed at GSI (Institute for Heavy Ion Research) in Arheilgen, close to the city of Darmstadt, Germany.

New!!: Scintillator and Large-area neutron detector · See more »

Lawrence Schulman

Lawrence S. Schulman (born 1941) is an American-Israeli physicist known for his work on path integrals, quantum measurement theory and statistical mechanics.

New!!: Scintillator and Lawrence Schulman · See more »

Li'l Abner

Li'l Abner is a satirical American comic strip that appeared in many newspapers in the United States, Canada and Europe, featuring a fictional clan of hillbillies in the impoverished mountain village of Dogpatch, USA.

New!!: Scintillator and Li'l Abner · See more »

Linear alkylbenzene

Linear alkylbenzenes (sometimes also referred as LABss) are a family of organic compounds with the formula C6H5CnH2n+1.

New!!: Scintillator and Linear alkylbenzene · See more »

Liquid scintillation counting

Liquid scintillation counting is the measurement of activity of a sample of radioactive material which uses the technique of mixing the active material with a liquid scintillator (e.g. Zinc sulfide), and counting the resultant photon emissions.

New!!: Scintillator and Liquid scintillation counting · See more »

List of neutrino experiments

This is a non-exhaustive list of neutrino experiments, neutrino detectors, and neutrino telescopes.

New!!: Scintillator and List of neutrino experiments · See more »

List of Pawn Stars episodes

Pawn Stars is an American reality television series that premiered on History on July 19, 2009.

New!!: Scintillator and List of Pawn Stars episodes · See more »

Luna 1

Luna 1, also known as Mechta (Мечта, lit.: Dream), E-1 No.4 and First Lunar Rover, was the first spacecraft to reach the vicinity of the Earth's Moon, and the first spacecraft to be placed in heliocentric orbit.

New!!: Scintillator and Luna 1 · See more »

Lunar Polar Hydrogen Mapper

Lunar Polar Hydrogen Mapper, or LunaH-Map, is one of 13 CubeSats planned to be launched with Exploration Mission 1 in 2019.

New!!: Scintillator and Lunar Polar Hydrogen Mapper · See more »

Lutetium-yttrium oxyorthosilicate

Lutetium-yttrium oxyorthosilicate, also known as LYSO, is an inorganic chemical compound with main use as a scintillator crystal.

New!!: Scintillator and Lutetium-yttrium oxyorthosilicate · See more »

Magnetic proton recoil neutron spectrometer

Magnetic Proton Recoil neutron spectrometer is a large high-resolution neutron spectrometer installed at JET.

New!!: Scintillator and Magnetic proton recoil neutron spectrometer · See more »

MARIACHI

MARIACHI, the Mixed Apparatus for Radar Investigation of Cosmic-rays of High Ionization, is an apparatus for the detection of ultra-high-energy cosmic rays (UHECR) via bi-static radar interferometry using VHF transmitters.

New!!: Scintillator and MARIACHI · See more »

MINOS

Main injector neutrino oscillation search (MINOS) was a particle physics experiment designed to study the phenomena of neutrino oscillations, first discovered by a Super-Kamiokande (Super-K) experiment in 1998.

New!!: Scintillator and MINOS · See more »

Modular Neutron Array

The Modular Neutron Array (MoNA) is a large-area, high efficiency neutron detector that is used in basic research of rare isotopes at Michigan State University's National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory (NSCL), a nuclear physics research facility.

New!!: Scintillator and Modular Neutron Array · See more »

Monopole, Astrophysics and Cosmic Ray Observatory

MACRO (Monopole, Astrophysics and Cosmic Ray Observatory) was a particle physics experiment located at the Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso in Abruzzo, Italy.

New!!: Scintillator and Monopole, Astrophysics and Cosmic Ray Observatory · See more »

Mu to E Gamma

The Mu to E Gamma (MEG) is a particle physics experiment dedicated to measuring the decay of the muon into an electron and a photon, a decay mode which is heavily suppressed in the Standard Model by lepton flavour conservation, but enhanced in supersymmetry and grand unified theories.

New!!: Scintillator and Mu to E Gamma · See more »

Muography

Muography is an imaging technique that produces a projectional image of a target volume by recording elementary particles, called muons, either electronically or chemically with materials that are sensitive to charged particles such as nuclear emulsions.

New!!: Scintillator and Muography · See more »

Nai

Nai or NAI may refer to: In music.

New!!: Scintillator and Nai · See more »

Neutrino

A neutrino (denoted by the Greek letter ν) is a fermion (an elementary particle with half-integer spin) that interacts only via the weak subatomic force and gravity.

New!!: Scintillator and Neutrino · See more »

Neutrino detector

A neutrino detector is a physics apparatus which is designed to study neutrinos.

New!!: Scintillator and Neutrino detector · See more »

Neutron detection

Neutron detection is the effective detection of neutrons entering a well-positioned detector.

New!!: Scintillator and Neutron detection · See more »

Neutron temperature

The neutron detection temperature, also called the neutron energy, indicates a free neutron's kinetic energy, usually given in electron volts.

New!!: Scintillator and Neutron temperature · See more »

NOvA

The NOνA (NuMI Off-Axis νe Appearance) experiment is a particle physics experiment designed to detect neutrinos in Fermilab's NuMI (Neutrinos at the Main Injector) beam.

New!!: Scintillator and NOvA · See more »

Nucifer experiment

The Nucifer Experiment is a proposed test of equipment and methodologies for using neutrino detection (or, more specifically, antineutrino detection) for the monitoring of nuclear reactor activity and the assessment of the isotopic composition of reactor fuels for non-proliferation treaty compliance monitoring.

New!!: Scintillator and Nucifer experiment · See more »

Nuclear engineering

Nuclear engineering is the branch of engineering concerned with the application of breaking down atomic nuclei (fission) or of combining atomic nuclei (fusion), or with the application of other sub-atomic processes based on the principles of nuclear physics.

New!!: Scintillator and Nuclear engineering · See more »

Nuclear medicine

Nuclear medicine is a medical specialty involving the application of radioactive substances in the diagnosis and treatment of disease.

New!!: Scintillator and Nuclear medicine · See more »

OPERA experiment

The Oscillation Project with Emulsion-tRacking Apparatus (OPERA) was an instrument used in a scientific experiment for detecting tau neutrinos from muon neutrino oscillations.

New!!: Scintillator and OPERA experiment · See more »

Operation of computed tomography

X-ray computed tomography operates by using an X-ray generator that rotates around the object; X-ray detectors are positioned on the opposite side of the circle from the X-ray source.

New!!: Scintillator and Operation of computed tomography · See more »

Optical fiber

An optical fiber or optical fibre is a flexible, transparent fiber made by drawing glass (silica) or plastic to a diameter slightly thicker than that of a human hair.

New!!: Scintillator and Optical fiber · See more »

Particle detector

In experimental and applied particle physics, nuclear physics, and nuclear engineering, a particle detector, also known as a radiation detector, is a device used to detect, track, and/or identify ionizing particles, such as those produced by nuclear decay, cosmic radiation, or reactions in a particle accelerator.

New!!: Scintillator and Particle detector · See more »

PERDaix

PERDaix (Proton Electron Radiation Detector Aix-la-Chapelle) is a novel, small and light weight magnetic spectrometer to measure the charge and mass dependent solar modulation periodically for deeper understanding of cosmic rays.

New!!: Scintillator and PERDaix · See more »

Period 6 element

A period 6 element is one of the chemical elements in the sixth row (or period) of the periodic table of the elements, including the lanthanides.

New!!: Scintillator and Period 6 element · See more »

Phosphor

A phosphor, most generally, is a substance that exhibits the phenomenon of luminescence.

New!!: Scintillator and Phosphor · See more »

Phoswich detector

Phoswich detectors were developed to detect low-intensity, low-energy gamma rays, X-rays, as well as alpha and beta particles efficiently in a higher-energy ambient background.

New!!: Scintillator and Phoswich detector · See more »

Photocathode

A photocathode is a negatively charged electrode in a light detection device such as a photomultiplier or phototube that is coated with a photosensitive compound.

New!!: Scintillator and Photocathode · See more »

Photodiode

A photodiode is a semiconductor device that converts light into an electrical current.

New!!: Scintillator and Photodiode · See more »

Photomultiplier

Photomultiplier tubes (photomultipliers or PMTs for short), members of the class of vacuum tubes, and more specifically vacuum phototubes, are extremely sensitive detectors of light in the ultraviolet, visible, and near-infrared ranges of the electromagnetic spectrum.

New!!: Scintillator and Photomultiplier · See more »

Polyethylene naphthalate

Polyethylene naphthalate (poly(ethylene 2,6-naphthalate or PEN) is a polyester derived from naphthalene-2,6-dicarboxylic acid and ethylene glycol. As such it is related to poly(ethylene)terephthalate, but with superior barrier properties.

New!!: Scintillator and Polyethylene naphthalate · See more »

Polyvinyl toluene

Polyvinyltoluene (PVT, polyvinyl toluene) is a synthetic polymer of alkylbenzenes with a linear formula n. Commercial vinyl toluene is a mixture of methyl styrene isomers File:Chemical_formula_for_polyvinyl_tolulene.png|chemical formula for PVT.

New!!: Scintillator and Polyvinyl toluene · See more »

POPOP

POPOP or 1,4-bis(5-phenyloxazol-2-yl) benzene is a scintillator.

New!!: Scintillator and POPOP · See more »

Positron annihilation spectroscopy

Positron annihilation spectroscopy (PAS) or sometimes specifically referred to as Positron annihilation lifetime spectroscopy (PALS) is a non-destructive spectroscopy technique to study voids and defects in solids.

New!!: Scintillator and Positron annihilation spectroscopy · See more »

Positron emission tomography

Positron-emission tomography (PET) is a nuclear medicine functional imaging technique that is used to observe metabolic processes in the body as an aid to the diagnosis of disease.

New!!: Scintillator and Positron emission tomography · See more »

PPO

PPO may refer to.

New!!: Scintillator and PPO · See more »

Radioactive scrap metal

Radioactive scrap metal is created when radioactive material enters the metal recycling process and contaminates scrap metal.

New!!: Scintillator and Radioactive scrap metal · See more »

Radioactivity in the life sciences

Radioactivity is generally used in life sciences for highly sensitive and direct measurements of biological phenomena, and for visualizing the location of biomolecules radiolabelled with a radioisotope.

New!!: Scintillator and Radioactivity in the life sciences · See more »

RaLa Experiment

The RaLa Experiment, or RaLa, was a series of tests during and after the Manhattan Project designed to study the behavior of converging shock waves to achieve the spherical implosion necessary for compression of the plutonium pit of the nuclear weapon.

New!!: Scintillator and RaLa Experiment · See more »

Rectilinear scanner

A rectilinear scanner is an imaging device, used to capture emission from radiopharmaceuticals in nuclear medicine.

New!!: Scintillator and Rectilinear scanner · See more »

Robert Hofstadter

Robert Hofstadter (February 5, 1915 – November 17, 1990) was an American physicist.

New!!: Scintillator and Robert Hofstadter · See more »

Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer

The Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer (RXTE) was a satellite that observed the time variation of astronomical X-ray sources, named after physicist Bruno Rossi.

New!!: Scintillator and Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer · See more »

Scanning electron microscope

A scanning electron microscope (SEM) is a type of electron microscope that produces images of a sample by scanning the surface with a focused beam of electrons.

New!!: Scintillator and Scanning electron microscope · See more »

Scheelite

Scheelite is a calcium tungstate mineral with the chemical formula CaWO4.

New!!: Scintillator and Scheelite · See more »

Scintillating bolometer

A scintillating bolometer (or luminescent bolometer) is a scientific instrument used particle physics in the search for events with low energy deposition.

New!!: Scintillator and Scintillating bolometer · See more »

Scintillation (physics)

Scintillation is a flash of light produced in a transparent material by the passage of a particle (an electron, an alpha particle, an ion, or a high-energy photon).

New!!: Scintillator and Scintillation (physics) · See more »

Scintillation counter

A scintillation counter is an instrument for detecting and measuring ionizing radiation by using the excitation effect of incident radiation on a scintillator material, and detecting the resultant light pulses.

New!!: Scintillator and Scintillation counter · See more »

Shmoo

The shmoo (plural: shmoon, also shmoos) is a fictional cartoon creature created by Al Capp (1909–79); the character first appeared in its classic comic strip Li'l Abner on August 31, 1948.

New!!: Scintillator and Shmoo · See more »

Small article monitor

A Small Article Monitor or SAM is a monitoring device designed to screen small items of up to 50 pounds weight for radioactive contamination.

New!!: Scintillator and Small article monitor · See more »

SNO+

SNO+ is a physics experiment designed to search for neutrinoless double beta decay, with secondary measurements of proton–electron–proton (pep) solar neutrinos, geoneutrinos from radioactive decays in the Earth, and reactor neutrinos.

New!!: Scintillator and SNO+ · See more »

Sodium iodide

Sodium iodide (chemical formula NaI) is an ionic compound formed from the chemical reaction of sodium metal and iodine.

New!!: Scintillator and Sodium iodide · See more »

Soudan 1

Soudan 1 was a particle detector located in the Soudan Mine in Northern Minnesota, United States.

New!!: Scintillator and Soudan 1 · See more »

Spark chamber

A spark chamber is a particle detector.

New!!: Scintillator and Spark chamber · See more »

Spinthariscope

A spinthariscope is a device for observing individual nuclear disintegrations caused by the interaction of ionizing radiation with a phosphor (see radioluminescence) or scintillator.

New!!: Scintillator and Spinthariscope · See more »

Stolzite

Stolzite is a mineral, a lead tungstate; with the formula PbWO4.

New!!: Scintillator and Stolzite · See more »

Supercontinuum

In optics, a supercontinuum is formed when a collection of nonlinear processes act together upon a pump beam in order to cause severe spectral broadening of the original pump beam, for example using a microstructured optical fiber.

New!!: Scintillator and Supercontinuum · See more »

T2K experiment

T2K (Tokai to Kamioka, Japan) is a particle physics experiment that is a collaboration between several countries, including Japan, Canada, France, Germany, Italy, South Korea, Poland, Russia, Spain, Switzerland, the United States, and the United Kingdom.

New!!: Scintillator and T2K experiment · See more »

TD-1A

TD-1A, or Thor-Delta 1A, was a European astrophysical research satellite which was launched in 1972.

New!!: Scintillator and TD-1A · See more »

Tests of relativistic energy and momentum

Tests of relativistic energy and momentum are aimed at measuring the relativistic expressions for energy, momentum, and mass.

New!!: Scintillator and Tests of relativistic energy and momentum · See more »

Thallium halides

The thallium halides include monohalides, where thallium has oxidation state +1, trihalides where thallium generally has oxidation state +3 and some intermediate halides with mixed +1 and +3 oxidation states.

New!!: Scintillator and Thallium halides · See more »

Thallium(I) iodide

Thallium(I) iodide is a chemical compound with the formula.

New!!: Scintillator and Thallium(I) iodide · See more »

THESEUS (spacecraft)

Transient High-Energy Sky and Early Universe Surveyor (THESEUS) is a space telescope mission proposal by the European Space Agency that would study gamma-ray bursts and X-rays for investigating the early universe.

New!!: Scintillator and THESEUS (spacecraft) · See more »

Time of flight detector

A time of flight (TOF) detector is a particle detector which can discriminate between a lighter and a heavier elementary particle of same momentum using their time of flight between two scintillators.

New!!: Scintillator and Time of flight detector · See more »

Timeline of atomic and subatomic physics

A timeline of atomic and subatomic physics.

New!!: Scintillator and Timeline of atomic and subatomic physics · See more »

Timeline of physical chemistry

The timeline of physical chemistry lists the sequence of physical chemistry theories and discoveries in chronological order.

New!!: Scintillator and Timeline of physical chemistry · See more »

Timeline of quantum mechanics

This timeline of quantum mechanics shows the key steps, precursors and contributors to the development of quantum mechanics, quantum field theories and quantum chemistry.

New!!: Scintillator and Timeline of quantum mechanics · See more »

Total absorption spectroscopy

Total absorption spectroscopy is a measurement technique that allows the measurement of the gamma radiation emitted in the different nuclear gamma transitions that may take place in the daughter nucleus after its unstable parent has decayed by means of the beta decay process.

New!!: Scintillator and Total absorption spectroscopy · See more »

Tungsten

Tungsten, or wolfram, is a chemical element with symbol W (referring to wolfram) and atomic number 74.

New!!: Scintillator and Tungsten · See more »

UA2 experiment

The Underground Area 2 (UA2) experiment was a high-energy physics experiment at the Proton-Antiproton Collider (SpS) — a modification of the Super Proton Synchrotron (SPS) — at CERN.

New!!: Scintillator and UA2 experiment · See more »

Venera 1

Venera 1 (Венера-1 meaning Venus 1), also known as Venera-1VA No.2 and occasionally in the West as Sputnik 8 was the first spacecraft to fly past Venus, as part of the Soviet Union's Venera programme.

New!!: Scintillator and Venera 1 · See more »

Washington Large Area Time Coincidence Array

The Washington Area Large-scale Time-coincidence Array (WALTA) is a cosmic ray physics experiment run by the University of Washington to investigate ultra high energy cosmic rays (>1019eV).

New!!: Scintillator and Washington Large Area Time Coincidence Array · See more »

Weakly interacting massive particles

Weakly interacting massive particles (WIMPs) are hypothetical particles that are thought to constitute dark matter.

New!!: Scintillator and Weakly interacting massive particles · See more »

Well counter

A well counter is a device used for measuring radioactivity in small samples.

New!!: Scintillator and Well counter · See more »

Whole-body counting

In health physics, whole-body counting refers to the measurement of radioactivity within the human body.

New!!: Scintillator and Whole-body counting · See more »

Wipe test counter

A wipe test counter is a device used to measure for possible radioactive contamination in a variety of environments.

New!!: Scintillator and Wipe test counter · See more »

X-ray astronomy detector

X-ray astronomy detectors are instruments that detect X-rays for use in the study of X-ray astronomy.

New!!: Scintillator and X-ray astronomy detector · See more »

X-ray detector

X-ray detectors are devices used to measure the flux, spatial distribution, spectrum, and/or other properties of X-rays.

New!!: Scintillator and X-ray detector · See more »

X-ray telescope

An X-ray telescope (XRT) is a telescope that is designed to observe remote objects in the X-ray spectrum.

New!!: Scintillator and X-ray telescope · See more »

Yttrium aluminium garnet

Yttrium aluminium garnet (YAG, Y3Al5O12) is a synthetic crystalline material of the garnet group.

New!!: Scintillator and Yttrium aluminium garnet · See more »

Yuri G. Zdesenko

Yuri G. Zdesenko (Здесенко Юрій Георгійович); 6 October 1943 – 1 September 2004, was a Ukrainian nuclear physicist known for a significant contribution to investigations of double beta decay.

New!!: Scintillator and Yuri G. Zdesenko · See more »

ZEUS (particle detector)

ZEUS was a particle detector that operated on the HERA (Hadron Elektron Ring Anlage) particle accelerator at DESY, Hamburg.

New!!: Scintillator and ZEUS (particle detector) · See more »

Zinc selenide

Zinc selenide (ZnSe) is a light-yellow, solid compound comprising zinc (Zn) and selenium (Se).

New!!: Scintillator and Zinc selenide · See more »

Zinc sulfide

Zinc sulfide (or zinc sulphide) is an inorganic compound with the chemical formula of ZnS.

New!!: Scintillator and Zinc sulfide · See more »

(E)-Stilbene

(E)-Stilbene, commonly known as trans-stilbene, is an organic compound represented by the condensed structural formula C6H5CH.

New!!: Scintillator and (E)-Stilbene · See more »

(Z)-Stilbene

(Z)-Stilbene is a diarylethene, that is, a hydrocarbon consisting of a cis ethene double bond substituted with a phenyl group on both carbon atoms of the double bond.

New!!: Scintillator and (Z)-Stilbene · See more »

1,2,4-Trimethylbenzene

1,2,4-Trimethylbenzene, also known as pseudocumene, is an organic compound with the chemical formula C6H3(CH3)3.

New!!: Scintillator and 1,2,4-Trimethylbenzene · See more »

2,5-Diphenyloxazole

2,5-Diphenyloxazole (PPO) is an organic scintillator.

New!!: Scintillator and 2,5-Diphenyloxazole · See more »

Redirects here:

Crystal scintillator, Organic scintillator, Plastic scintillator, Scintilator, Scintillant, Scintillating material, Scintillation detector, Scintillation detectors, Scintillator detectors, Scintillators.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scintillator

OutgoingIncoming
Hey! We are on Facebook now! »