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Sex steroid

Index Sex steroid

Sex steroids, also known as gonadocorticoids and gonadal steroids, are steroid hormones that interact with vertebrate androgen or estrogen receptors. [1]

281 relations: Address: Centauri, Adolescence, Adolf Butenandt, Adrenal steroid, Adrenal tumor, Adrenarche, Adrenocortical hormone, Ageless, Anabolic steroid, Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical Classification System, Androgen, Androgen suppression, Androstadienone, Androstanolone, Androstenedione, Angels & Insects, Anovulation, Anterior pituitary, Anti-Müllerian hormone, Antiandrogen, Antidepressant, Antigonadotropin, Aquarium fish feed, Aromatase excess syndrome, Arthur Birch (organic chemist), Atrophy, Autoimmunity, Behavioral endocrinology, Behavioral epigenetics, Behavioural responses to stress, Benorterone, Bicalutamide, Bilirubin, Biological basis of love, Body hair, Body shape, Bone age, Breast, Breast development, Breast hypertrophy, Brown tree snake, Buserelin, Capon, Castration, Cat, Catamenial epilepsy, Chlormadinone acetate, Chondroblastoma, Christian Hamburger, Congenital adrenal hyperplasia, ..., Congenital adrenal hyperplasia due to 11β-hydroxylase deficiency, Congenital adrenal hyperplasia due to 17α-hydroxylase deficiency, Congenital adrenal hyperplasia due to 21-hydroxylase deficiency, Congenital adrenal hyperplasia due to 3β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase deficiency, Cortisol, Cyanoketone, CYP2C19, CYP3A4, Dehydroepiandrosterone, Delayed puberty, Desire discrepancy, Dihydrotestosterone, Domperidone, Drug interaction, Dutasteride, Edgar Allen, Elagolix, Endocrine disruptor, Endocrine gland, Epitestosterone, Epristeride, Estetrol (medication), Estradiol, Estradiol (medication), Estratetraenol, Estriol, Estrogen, Estrogen (medication), Estrogen receptor, Estrone, Estrous cycle, Examorelin, Face perception, Female body shape, Fertile eunuch syndrome, Fertirelin, Fezolinetant, Fibronectin, Films about intersex, Fimbriae of uterine tube, Finasteride, Flehmen response, Flibanserin, Follicle-stimulating hormone insensitivity, Frank R. Lillie House, Frank Rattray Lillie, Frederic Bartter, Gender, Gender identity, Gender systems, Gender taxonomy, Genetic diagnosis of intersex, Giant clam, Glucocorticoid, GnRH modulator, Gonadal dysgenesis, Gonadarche, Gonadorelin, Gonadotropin, Gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist, Gonadotropin-releasing hormone antagonist, Gonadotropin-releasing hormone insensitivity, Gonadotropin-releasing hormone receptor, Granulosa cell, Growth hormone deficiency, Hand, Hexagram, Histology of the vocal folds, Histrelin, Homosexual behavior in animals, Homovanillic acid, Hormone, Hormone replacement therapy, Hormones and Brain Differentiation, Hourglass figure, Howard Garrett, HSD17B10, Hydroxyprogesterone caproate, Hyperestrogenism, Hypergonadotropic hypergonadism, Hypergonadotropic hypogonadism, Hyperprolactinaemia, Hypoestrogenism, Hypogonadism, Hypopituitarism, Hypothalamic–pituitary–gonadal axis, Hypothalamus, Immune system, Immunocontraception, Immunostimulant, Inborn errors of steroid metabolism, Index of human sexuality articles, Insomnia, Intersex, Intersex in history, Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy, Intramuscular injection, Involution (medicine), Isolated 17,20-lyase deficiency, Isolated hypogonadotropic hypogonadism, Juvenile idiopathic arthritis, Kallmann syndrome, Kenneth Callow, Kisspeptin, Konstantin Efetov, Levonorgestrel, Leydig cell hypoplasia, Libido, Lilian Lewis, Lipoid congenital adrenal hyperplasia, List of MeSH codes (D06), List of Nobel laureates in Chemistry, List of proteins, Literature about intersex, Luteinizing hormone, Mammary gland, Man, Marker degradation, Medical uses of bicalutamide, Medication, Medroxyprogesterone acetate, Megestrol acetate, Menstrual cycle, Metabolic syndrome, Michigan State University Twin Registry, Miss Gay America, Neuroscience of sex differences, Neutering, Neuvenge, Nisterime acetate, Northern mockingbird, Obesogen, Opioid, Organizational-Activational Hypothesis, Ovulatory shift hypothesis, Oxycodone, Oxytocin, Oyster, Parthenogenesis in squamata, Pet food, Pharmacological body alteration, Philippa Saunders, Phytophthora palmivora, Pilot (Sit Down, Shut Up), Plastic pollution, Polymeric immunoglobulin receptor, Precocious puberty, Pregnenolone acetate, Premature thelarche, Prenatal stress, Prescription drug, Progesterone, Progesterone (medication), Progesterone receptor A, Progesterone receptor B, Progesterone receptor C, Progestin, Progestin-induced virilization, Progestogen, Progestogen ester, Progonadotropin, Progynon, Prolactin, Prolactin modulator, Proteins produced and secreted by the liver, Puberty, Pubic hair, Radiation therapy, Rapid hormone cycling, Relugolix, Rich Piana, Risk factors for breast cancer, Robert K. Burns, Sarsasapogenin, Sebaceous gland, Seborrhoeic dermatitis, Sebright chicken, Secondary sex characteristic, Semen quality, Serenic, Sex, Sex and gender distinction, Sex assignment, Sex differences in humans, Sex hormone receptor, Sex hormone-binding globulin, Sex steroid, Sex-hormonal agent, Sexual characteristics, Sexual dimorphism, Sexual motivation and hormones, Sexual selection in humans, Sitting, Sjögren syndrome, SK3, Smith–Lemli–Opitz syndrome, Species-typical behavior, Spironolactone, Steroid, Steroid diabetes, Steroid hormone, Steroid hormone receptor, Steroid-induced osteoporosis, Steroidogenesis inhibitor, Steroidogenic enzyme, Subcutaneous implant, Sufugolix, Systemic lupus erythematosus, T. C. Anand Kumar, Television works about intersex, Temporomandibular joint dysfunction, Testosterone, Testosterone (medication), Testosterone-cortisol ratio, The Inevitability of Patriarchy, Thelarche, Thymus, Tibolone, Transgender hormone therapy, Transgender hormone therapy (male-to-female), Vaginal cytology, White adipose tissue, Wildlife contraceptive, XX gonadal dysgenesis, XXXY syndrome, XY gonadal dysgenesis, 17α-Hydroxypregnenolone, 17β-Hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase III deficiency, 19-Norprogesterone, 5α-Reductase, 5α-Reductase inhibitor. Expand index (231 more) »

Address: Centauri

Address: Centauri is a science fiction novel by author F. L. Wallace.

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Adolescence

AdolescenceMacmillan Dictionary for Students Macmillan, Pan Ltd.

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Adolf Butenandt

Adolf Friedrich Johann Butenandt (24 March 1903 – 18 January 1995) was a German biochemist.

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Adrenal steroid

Adrenal steroids are steroids that are derived from the adrenal glands.

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Adrenal tumor

An adrenal tumor or adrenal mass is any benign or malignant neoplasms of the adrenal gland, several of which are notable for their tendency to overproduce endocrine hormones.

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Adrenarche

Adrenarche is an early sexual maturation stage in some higher primates that in humans typically occurs at around 10-12 years of age and is responsible for pubic hair, body odor, skin oiliness, and acne.

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Adrenocortical hormone

In humans and other animals, the adrenocortical hormones are hormones produced by the adrenal cortex, the outer region of the adrenal gland.

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Ageless

Ageless is an adjective describing a person or thing whose age cannot be defined, is non-existent, or appears not to change.

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Anabolic steroid

Anabolic steroids, also known more properly as anabolic–androgenic steroids (AAS), are steroidal androgens that include natural androgens like testosterone as well as synthetic androgens that are structurally related and have similar effects to testosterone.

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Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical Classification System

The Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical (ATC) Classification System is used for the classification of active ingredients of drugs according to the organ or system on which they act and their therapeutic, pharmacological and chemical properties.

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Androgen

An androgen (from Greek andr-, the stem of the word meaning "man") is any natural or synthetic steroid hormone which regulates the development and maintenance of male characteristics in vertebrates by binding to androgen receptors.

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Androgen suppression

Androgen suppression, also called androgen ablation or androgen deprivation, is a medical treatment to suppress or block the production or action of male sex hormones, typically in order to attempt to treat certain types of cancer that rely upon male hormones for its growth.

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Androstadienone

Androstadienone, also known as androsta-4,16-dien-3-one, is an endogenous steroid that has been described as having potent pheromone-like activities in humans.

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Androstanolone

Androstanolone, or stanolone, also known as dihydrotestosterone (DHT) and sold under the brand name Andractim among others, is an androgen and anabolic steroid (AAS) medication and hormone which is used mainly in the treatment of low testosterone levels in men.

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Androstenedione

Androstenedione, or 4-androstenedione (abbreviated as A4 or Δ4-dione), also known as androst-4-ene-3,17-dione, is an endogenous weak androgen steroid hormone and intermediate in the biosynthesis of estrone and of testosterone from dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA).

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Angels & Insects

Angels & Insects is a 1995 American-British romance drama film directed by Philip Haas.

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Anovulation

Anovulation is when the ovaries do not release an oocyte during a menstrual cycle.

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Anterior pituitary

A major organ of the endocrine system, the anterior pituitary (also called the adenohypophysis or pars anterior), is the glandular, anterior lobe that together with the posterior lobe (posterior pituitary, or the neurohypophysis) makes up the pituitary gland (hypophysis).

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Anti-Müllerian hormone

Anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH), also known as Müllerian-inhibiting hormone (MIH), is a glycoprotein hormone structurally related to inhibin and activin from the transforming growth factor beta superfamily, whose key roles are in growth differentiation and folliculogenesis.

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Antiandrogen

Antiandrogens, also known as androgen antagonists or testosterone blockers, are a class of drugs that prevent androgens like testosterone and dihydrotestosterone (DHT) from mediating their biological effects in the body.

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Antidepressant

Antidepressants are drugs used for the treatment of major depressive disorder and other conditions, including dysthymia, anxiety disorders, obsessive–compulsive disorder, eating disorders, chronic pain, neuropathic pain and, in some cases, dysmenorrhoea, snoring, migraine, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), addiction, dependence, and sleep disorders.

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Antigonadotropin

An antigonadotropin is a drug which suppresses the activity and/or downstream effects of one or both of the gonadotropins, follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH).

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Aquarium fish feed

Aquarium fish feed is plant or animal material intended for consumption by pet fish kept in aquariums or ponds.

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Aromatase excess syndrome

Aromatase excess syndrome (AES or AEXS), also sometimes referred to as familial hyperestrogenism or familial gynecomastia, is a rare genetic and endocrine syndrome which is characterized by an overexpression of aromatase, the enzyme responsible for the biosynthesis of the estrogen sex hormones from the androgens, in turn resulting in excessive levels of circulating estrogens and, accordingly, symptoms of hyperestrogenism.

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Arthur Birch (organic chemist)

Arthur John Birch, AC CMG FRS FAA (3 August 1915 – 8 December 1995) was an Australian organic chemist.

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Atrophy

Atrophy is the partial or complete wasting away of a part of the body.

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Autoimmunity

Autoimmunity is the system of immune responses of an organism against its own healthy cells and tissues.

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Behavioral endocrinology

Behavioral endocrinology is the study of hormonal processes and neuroendocrine systems that influence or regulate behavior.

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Behavioral epigenetics

Behavioral epigenetics is the field of study examining the role of epigenetics in shaping animal (including human) behaviour.

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Behavioural responses to stress

Behavioural responses to stress are evoked from underlying complex physiological changes that arise consequently from stress.

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Benorterone

Benorterone, also known by its developmental code name SKF-7690 and as 17α-methyl-B-nortestosterone, is an steroidal antiandrogen which was studied for potential medical use but was never marketed.

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Bicalutamide

Bicalutamide, sold under the brand name Casodex among others, is an antiandrogen medication that is primarily used to treat prostate cancer.

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Bilirubin

Bilirubin is a yellow compound that occurs in the normal catabolic pathway that breaks down heme in vertebrates.

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Biological basis of love

The theory of a biological basis of love has been explored by such biological sciences as evolutionary psychology, evolutionary biology, anthropology and neuroscience.

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Body hair

Body hair, or androgenic hair, is the terminal hair that develops on the human body during and after puberty.

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Body shape

Human body shape is a complex phenomenon with sophisticated detail and function.

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Bone age

Bone age is the degree of maturation of a child's bones.

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Breast

The breast is one of two prominences located on the upper ventral region of the torso of primates.

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Breast development

Breast development, also known as mammogenesis, is a complex biological process in primates that takes place throughout a female's life.

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Breast hypertrophy

Breast hypertrophy is a rare medical condition of the breast connective tissues in which the breasts become excessively large.

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Brown tree snake

The brown tree snake (Boiga irregularis) is an arboreal rear-fanged colubrid snake native to eastern and northern coastal Australia, eastern Indonesia (Sulawesi to Papua), Papua New Guinea, and a large number of islands in northwestern Melanesia.

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Buserelin

Buserelin, sold under the brand name Suprefact among others, is a medication which is used primarily in the treatment of prostate cancer and endometriosis.

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Capon

A capon (from Latin caponem) is a cockerel or rooster that has been castrated to improve the quality of its flesh for food and, in some countries like Spain, fattened by forced feeding.

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Castration

Castration (also known as gonadectomy) is any action, surgical, chemical, or otherwise, by which an individual loses use of the testicles.

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Cat

The domestic cat (Felis silvestris catus or Felis catus) is a small, typically furry, carnivorous mammal.

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Catamenial epilepsy

Epilepsy is a chronic neurological condition characterized by recurrent seizures.

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Chlormadinone acetate

Chlormadinone acetate (CMA), sold under the brand names Belara, Lutéran, and Prostal among others, is a progestin and antiandrogen medication which is used in birth control pills to prevent pregnancy, as a component of menopausal hormone therapy, and in the treatment of gynecological disorders as well as androgen-dependent conditions like enlarged prostate and prostate cancer in men and acne and hirsutism in women.

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Chondroblastoma

Chondroblastoma is a rare, benign, locally aggressive bone tumor that typically affects the epiphyses or apophyses of long bones.

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Christian Hamburger

Christian Hamburger (19 February 1904 – 6 October 1992) was a Danish endocrinologist.

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Congenital adrenal hyperplasia

Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) are any of several autosomal recessive diseases resulting from mutations of genes for enzymes mediating the biochemical steps of production of mineralocorticoids, glucocorticoids or sex steroids from cholesterol by the adrenal glands (steroidogenesis).

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Congenital adrenal hyperplasia due to 11β-hydroxylase deficiency

Congenital adrenal hyperplasia due to 11β-hydroxylase deficiency is a form of congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) which produces a higher than normal amount of androgen, resulting from a defect in the gene encoding the enzyme steroid 11β-hydroxylase (11β-OH) which mediates the final step of cortisol synthesis in the adrenal.

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Congenital adrenal hyperplasia due to 17α-hydroxylase deficiency

Congenital adrenal hyperplasia due to 17α-hydroxylase deficiency is an uncommon form of congenital adrenal hyperplasia resulting from a defect in the gene CYP17A1, which encodes for the enzyme 17α-hydroxylase.

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Congenital adrenal hyperplasia due to 21-hydroxylase deficiency

Congenital adrenal hyperplasia due to 21-hydroxylase deficiency (21-OH CAH), in all its forms, accounts for over 95% of diagnosed cases of congenital adrenal hyperplasia, and "CAH" in most contexts refers to 21-hydroxylase deficiency.

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Congenital adrenal hyperplasia due to 3β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase deficiency

Congenital adrenal hyperplasia due to 3β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase deficiency is an uncommon form of congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) resulting from a mutation in the gene for one of the key enzymes in cortisol synthesis by the adrenal gland, 3β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (3β-HSD) type II (HSD3B2).

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Cortisol

Cortisol is a steroid hormone, in the glucocorticoid class of hormones.

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Cyanoketone

Cyanoketone, also known as 2α-cyano-4,4',17α-trimethylandrost-5-en-17β-ol-3-one, is a synthetic androstane steroid and a steroidogenesis inhibitor which is used in scientific research.

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CYP2C19

Cytochrome P450 2C19 (abbreviated CYP2C19) is an enzyme.

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CYP3A4

Cytochrome P450 3A4 (abbreviated CYP3A4) is an important enzyme in the body, mainly found in the liver and in the intestine.

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Dehydroepiandrosterone

Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), also known as androstenolone, is an endogenous steroid hormone.

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Delayed puberty

Delayed puberty is described as delayed puberty with exceptions when an organism has passed the usual age of onset of puberty with no physical or hormonal signs that it is beginning.

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Desire discrepancy

Sexual desire discrepancy (SDD) is the difference between one's desired frequency of sexual intercourse and the actual frequency of sexual intercourse within a relationship.

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Dihydrotestosterone

Dihydrotestosterone (DHT), or 5α-dihydrotestosterone (5α-DHT), also known as androstanolone or stanolone, is an endogenous androgen sex steroid and hormone.

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Domperidone

Domperidone, sold under the brand name Motilium among others, is a peripherally selective dopamine D2 receptor antagonist that was developed by Janssen Pharmaceutica and is used as an antiemetic, gastroprokinetic agent, and galactagogue.

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Drug interaction

A drug interaction is a situation in which a substance (usually another drug) affects the activity of a drug when both are administered together.

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Dutasteride

Dutasteride, sold under the brand name Avodart among others, is a medication used primarily to treat enlarged prostate in men.

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Edgar Allen

Edgar Allen (May 2, 1892 – February 3, 1943) was an American anatomist and physiologist.

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Elagolix

Elagolix (former developmental code names NBI-56418, ABT-620) is a gonadotropin-releasing hormone antagonist (GnRH antagonist), developed for clinical use by Neurocrine Biosciences and AbbVie.

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Endocrine disruptor

Endocrine disruptors are chemicals that can interfere with endocrine (or hormone) systems at certain doses.

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Endocrine gland

Endocrine glands are glands of the endocrine system that secrete their products, hormones, directly into the blood rather than through a duct.

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Epitestosterone

Epitestosterone, or isotestosterone, also known as 17α-testosterone or as androst-4-en-17α-ol-3-one, is an endogenous steroid and an epimer of the androgen sex hormone testosterone.

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Epristeride

Epristeride, sold under the brand names Aipuliete and Chuanliu, is a medication which is used in the treatment of enlarged prostate in China.

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Estetrol (medication)

Estetrol, tentative brand names Donesta (alone) and Estelle (with drospirenone), is an estrogen medication and naturally occurring steroid hormone which is under development for use as a birth control pill in combination with a progestin, in menopausal hormone therapy to treat symptoms such as vaginal atrophy, hot flashes, and bone loss, and for the treatment of breast cancer, prostate cancer, osteoarthritis, and migraine.

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Estradiol

Estradiol (E2), also spelled oestradiol, is an estrogen steroid hormone and the major female sex hormone.

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Estradiol (medication)

Estradiol, also spelled oestradiol, is a medication and naturally occurring steroid hormone.

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Estratetraenol

Estratetraenol, also known as estra-1,3,5(10),16-tetraen-3-ol, is an endogenous steroid found in women that has been described as having pheromone-like activities in primates, including humans.

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Estriol

Estriol (E3), also spelled oestriol, is a steroid, a weak estrogen, and a minor female sex hormone.

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Estrogen

Estrogen, or oestrogen, is the primary female sex hormone.

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Estrogen (medication)

An estrogen is a type of medication which is used most commonly in hormonal birth control and menopausal hormone therapy.

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Estrogen receptor

Estrogen receptors (ERs) are a group of proteins found inside cells.

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Estrone

Estrone (E1), also spelled oestrone, is a steroid, a weak estrogen, and a minor female sex hormone.

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Estrous cycle

The estrous cycle or oestrus cycle (derived from Latin oestrus 'frenzy', originally from Greek οἶστρος oîstros 'gadfly') is the recurring physiological changes that are induced by reproductive hormones in most mammalian therian females.

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Examorelin

Examorelin (INN) (developmental code names EP-23905, MF-6003), also known as hexarelin, is a potent, synthetic, peptidic, orally-active, centrally-penetrant, and highly selective agonist of the ghrelin/growth hormone secretagogue receptor (GHSR) and a growth hormone secretagogue which was developed by Mediolanum Farmaceutici.

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Face perception

Face perception is an individual's understanding and interpretation of the face, particularly the human face, especially in relation to the associated information processing in the brain.

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Female body shape

Female body shape or female figure is the cumulative product of a woman's skeletal structure and the quantity and distribution of muscle and fat on the body.

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Fertile eunuch syndrome

The fertile eunuch syndrome or Pasqualini syndrome is a cause of hypogonadotropic hypogonadism caused by a luteinizing hormone deficiency.

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Fertirelin

Fertirelin, or fertirelin acetate, sold under the brand name Ovalyse, is a gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRH agonist) which has been marketed in the United Kingdom and Austria.

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Fezolinetant

Fezolinetant (former developmental code name ESN-364) is a small-molecule, orally active, selective neurokinin-3 (NK3) receptor antagonist which is under development by Ogeda (formerly Euroscreen) for the treatment of sex hormone-related disorders.

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Fibronectin

Fibronectin is a high-molecular weight (~440kDa) glycoprotein of the extracellular matrix that binds to membrane-spanning receptor proteins called integrins.

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Films about intersex

Intersex, in humans and other animals, describes variations in sex characteristics including chromosomes, gonads, sex hormones, or genitals that, according to the UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, "do not fit typical binary notions of male or female bodies".

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Fimbriae of uterine tube

In the female reproductive system, the fimbria (plural, fimbriae) is a fringe of tissue around the ostium of the Fallopian tube, in the direction of the ovary.

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Finasteride

Finasteride, sold under the brand names Proscar and Propecia among others, is a medication used mainly to treat an enlarged prostate or scalp hair loss in men.

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Flehmen response

The flehmen response, also called the flehmen position, flehmen reaction, flehming, or flehmening, is a behavior in which an animal curls back its upper lip exposing its front teeth, inhales with the nostrils usually closed, and then often holds this position for several seconds.

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Flibanserin

Flibanserin, sold under the trade name Addyi, is a medication approved for the treatment of pre-menopausal women with hypoactive sexual desire disorder (HSDD).

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Follicle-stimulating hormone insensitivity

Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) insensitivity, or ovarian insensitivity to FSH in females, also referable to as ovarian follicle hypoplasia or granulosa cell hypoplasia in females, is a rare autosomal recessive genetic and endocrine syndrome affecting both females and males, with the former presenting with much greater severity of symptomatology.

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Frank R. Lillie House

The Frank R. Lillie House is a historic house at 5801 South Kenwood Avenue, on the campus of the University of Chicago on the South Side of Chicago, Illinois.

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Frank Rattray Lillie

Frank Rattray Lillie (June 27, 1870 – November 5, 1947) was an American zoologist and an early pioneer of the study of embryology.

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Frederic Bartter

Frederic Crosby Bartter (September 10, 1914 – May 5, 1983) was an American endocrinologist best known for his work on hormones affecting the kidney and his discovery of syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone reproduced in and Bartter syndrome.

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Gender

Gender is the range of characteristics pertaining to, and differentiating between, masculinity and femininity.

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Gender identity

Gender identity is one's personal experience of one's own gender.

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Gender systems

Gender systems are systems of gender roles in societies.

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Gender taxonomy

The gender taxonomy is a classification of the range of different levels at which humans vary in sexual characteristics.

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Genetic diagnosis of intersex

Intersex people are born with variations in physical and sex characteristics including those of the chromosomes, gonads, sex hormones, or genitals that, according to the UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, "do not fit the typical definitions for male or female bodies".

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Giant clam

The giant clams are the genus Tridacna of clams that are the largest living bivalve mollusks.

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Glucocorticoid

Glucocorticoids are a class of corticosteroids, which are a class of steroid hormones.

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GnRH modulator

A GnRH modulator, or GnRH receptor modulator, is a type of drug which modulates the GnRH receptor, the biological target of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH).

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Gonadal dysgenesis

Gonadal dysgenesis is classified as any congenital developmental disorder of the reproductive system in the male or female.

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Gonadarche

Gonadarche refers to the earliest gonadal changes of puberty.

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Gonadorelin

Gonadorelin, also known as gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) and sold under the brand names Factrel, HRF, Kryptocur, Lutrelef, Lutrepulse, and Relefact among others, is a GnRH agonist which is used in fertility medicine and to treat amenorrhea and hypogonadism.

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Gonadotropin

Gonadotropins are glycoprotein polypeptide hormones secreted by gonadotrope cells of the anterior pituitary of vertebrates.

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Gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist

A gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRH agonist) is a type of medication which affects gonadotropins and sex hormones.

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Gonadotropin-releasing hormone antagonist

Gonadotropin-releasing hormone antagonists (GnRH antagonists) are a class of medications that antagonize the gonadotropin-releasing hormone receptor (GnRH receptor) and thus the action of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH).

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Gonadotropin-releasing hormone insensitivity

Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) insensitivity is a rare autosomal recessive genetic and endocrine syndrome which is characterized by inactivating mutations of the gonadotropin-releasing hormone receptor (GnRHR) and thus an insensitivity of the receptor to gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH), resulting in a partial or complete loss of the ability of the gonads to synthesize the sex hormones.

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Gonadotropin-releasing hormone receptor

The gonadotropin-releasing hormone receptor (GnRHR), also known as the luteinizing hormone releasing hormone receptor (LHRHR), is a member of the seven-transmembrane, G-protein coupled receptor (GPCR) family.

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Granulosa cell

A granulosa cell or follicular cell is a somatic cell of the sex cord that is closely associated with the developing female gamete (called an oocyte or egg) in the ovary of mammals.

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Growth hormone deficiency

Growth hormone deficiency (GHD) is a medical condition due to not enough growth hormone (GH).

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Hand

A hand is a prehensile, multi-fingered appendage located at the end of the forearm or forelimb of primates such as humans, chimpanzees, monkeys, and lemurs.

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Hexagram

A hexagram (Greek) or sexagram (Latin) is a six-pointed geometric star figure with the Schläfli symbol, 2, or.

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Histology of the vocal folds

Histology is the study of the minute structure, composition, and function of tissues.

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Histrelin

Histrelin acetate, sold under the brand names Vantas and Supprelin LA (by Endo International) among others, is a nonapeptide analogue of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) with added potency.

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Homosexual behavior in animals

Homosexual behavior in animals is sexual behavior among non-human species that is interpreted as homosexual or bisexual.

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Homovanillic acid

Homovanillic acid (HVA) is a major catecholamine metabolite that is produced by a consecutive action of monoamine oxidase and catechol-O-methyltransferase on dopamine.

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Hormone

A hormone (from the Greek participle “ὁρμῶ”, "to set in motion, urge on") is any member of a class of signaling molecules produced by glands in multicellular organisms that are transported by the circulatory system to target distant organs to regulate physiology and behaviour.

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Hormone replacement therapy

Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) is any form of hormone therapy wherein the patient, in the course of medical treatment, receives hormones, either to supplement a lack of naturally occurring hormones or to substitute other hormones for naturally occurring hormones.

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Hormones and Brain Differentiation

Hormones and Brain Differentiation is a 1976 book about homosexuality and transsexualism by Günter Dörner, in which the author advocates manipulating the sex hormone levels of pregnant women to prevent their children from becoming homosexual, and, based on experiments on rats, proposes brain surgery as a method of altering the sexual orientation of adult homosexuals.

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Hourglass figure

The hourglass figure is one of four female body shapes.

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Howard Garrett

Howard Garrett, known as "the Dirt Doctor" (born 1947) is a radio talk show host and a leader of the Organic movement.

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HSD17B10

17-β-Hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase X (HSD10) also known as 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase type-2 is a mitochondrial enzyme that in humans is encoded by the HSD17B10 (hydroxysteroid (17β) dehydrogenase 10) gene.

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Hydroxyprogesterone caproate

Hydroxyprogesterone caproate (OHPC), sold under the brand names Proluton and Makena among others, is a progestin medication which is used to prevent preterm birth in pregnant women with a history of the condition and to treat gynecological disorders.

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Hyperestrogenism

Hyperestrogenism, hyperestrogenic state, or estrogen excess, is a medical condition characterized by an excessive amount of estrogenic activity in the body.

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Hypergonadotropic hypergonadism

Hypergonadotropic hypergonadism is an endocrine situation and subtype of hypergonadism in which both gonadotropin levels and gonadal function, such as sex hormone production, are abnormally high.

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Hypergonadotropic hypogonadism

Hypergonadotropic hypogonadism (HH), also known as primary or peripheral/gonadal hypogonadism, is a condition which is characterized by hypogonadism due to an impaired response of the gonads to the gonadotropins, follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH), and in turn a lack of sex steroid production and elevated gonadotropin levels (as an attempt of compensation by the body).

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Hyperprolactinaemia

Hyperprolactinemia or hyperprolactinaemia is the presence of abnormally high levels of prolactin in the blood.

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Hypoestrogenism

Hypoestrogenism, or estrogen deficiency, refers to a lower than normal level of estrogen, the primary sex hormone in women.

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Hypogonadism

Hypogonadism means diminished functional activity of the gonads—the testes or the ovaries —that may result in diminished sex hormone biosynthesis.

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Hypopituitarism

Hypopituitarism is the decreased (hypo) secretion of one or more of the eight hormones normally produced by the pituitary gland at the base of the brain.

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Hypothalamic–pituitary–gonadal axis

The hypothalamic–pituitary–gonadal axis (HPG axis) refers to the hypothalamus, pituitary gland, and gonadal glands as if these individual endocrine glands were a single entity.

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Hypothalamus

The hypothalamus(from Greek ὑπό, "under" and θάλαμος, thalamus) is a portion of the brain that contains a number of small nuclei with a variety of functions.

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Immune system

The immune system is a host defense system comprising many biological structures and processes within an organism that protects against disease.

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Immunocontraception

In the strictest sense immunocontraception is the use of an animal's immune system to prevent it from fertilizing offspring.

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Immunostimulant

Immunostimulants, also known as immunostimulators, are substances (drugs and nutrients) that stimulate the immune system by inducing activation or increasing activity of any of its components.

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Inborn errors of steroid metabolism

An inborn error of steroid metabolism is an inborn error of metabolism due to defects in steroid metabolism.

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Index of human sexuality articles

Human sexuality covers a broad range of topics, including the physiological, psychological, social, cultural, political, philosophical, ethical, moral, theological, legal and spiritual or religious aspects of sex and human sexual behavior.

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Insomnia

Insomnia, also known as sleeplessness, is a sleep disorder where people have trouble sleeping.

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Intersex

Intersex people are born with any of several variations in sex characteristics including chromosomes, gonads, sex hormones, or genitals that, according to the UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, "do not fit the typical definitions for male or female bodies".

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Intersex in history

Intersex, in humans and other animals, describes variations in sex characteristics including chromosomes, gonads, sex hormones, or genitals that, according to the UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, "do not fit typical binary notions of male or female bodies".

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Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy

Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP), also known as obstetric cholestasis, cholestasis of pregnancy, jaundice of pregnancy, and prurigo gravidarum, is a medical condition in which cholestasis occurs during pregnancy.

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Intramuscular injection

Intramuscular (also IM or im) injection is the injection of a substance directly into muscle.

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Involution (medicine)

Involution refers to the shrinking or return of an organ to a former size.

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Isolated 17,20-lyase deficiency

Isolated 17,20-lyase deficiency (ILD), also called isolated 17,20-desmolase deficiency, is a rare endocrine and autosomal recessive genetic disorder which is characterized by a complete or partial loss of 17,20-lyase activity and, in turn, impaired production of the androgen and estrogen sex steroids.

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Isolated hypogonadotropic hypogonadism

Isolated hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (IHH), also called idiopathic or congenital hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (CHH), as well as isolated or congenital gonadotropin-releasing hormone deficiency (IGD), is a condition which results in a small subset of cases of hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (HH) due to deficiency in or insensitivity to gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) where the function and anatomy of the anterior pituitary is otherwise normal and secondary causes of HH are not present.

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Juvenile idiopathic arthritis

Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), also known as juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, is the most common form of arthritis in children and adolescents.

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Kallmann syndrome

Kallmann syndrome (KS) is a genetic disorder that prevents a person from starting or fully completing puberty.

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Kenneth Callow

Robert Kenneth Callow, FRS (15 February 1901 – 1983) was a British biochemist.

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Kisspeptin

Kisspeptin (formerly known as metastin) is a protein that is encoded by the KISS1 gene in humans.

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Konstantin Efetov

Konstantin Alexandrovich Efetov (born July 18, 1958; Костянти́н Олекса́ндрович Єфе́тов, Константи́н Алекса́ндрович Ефе́тов) is a biologist and biochemist, the Honored Scientist of Ukraine, Professor, Dr.

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Levonorgestrel

Levonorgestrel is a hormonal medication which is used in a number of birth control methods.

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Leydig cell hypoplasia

Leydig cell hypoplasia (or aplasia) (LCH), also known as Leydig cell agenesis, is a rare autosomal recessive genetic and endocrine syndrome affecting an estimated 1 in 1,000,000 genetic males.

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Libido

Libido, colloquially known as sex drive, is a person's overall sexual drive or desire for sexual activity.

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Lilian Lewis

Lilian Lewis, née Burwell, (1904 - unknown) was an American zoologist known for her success as an African-American and for her research in gonadogenesis.

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Lipoid congenital adrenal hyperplasia

Lipoid congenital adrenal hyperplasia is an endocrine disorder that is an uncommon and potentially lethal form of congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH).

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List of MeSH codes (D06)

This is the fourth part of the list of the "D" codes for MeSH.

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List of Nobel laureates in Chemistry

The Nobel Prize in Chemistry (Nobelpriset i kemi) is awarded annually by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences to scientists in the various fields of chemistry.

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List of proteins

Note that there exists a category for proteins that is more complete than this list. A list of proteins (and protein complexes).

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Literature about intersex

Intersex, in humans and other animals, describes variations in sex characteristics including chromosomes, gonads, sex hormones, or genitals that, according to the UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, "do not fit typical binary notions of male or female bodies".

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Luteinizing hormone

Luteinizing hormone (LH, also known as lutropin and sometimes lutrophin) is a hormone produced by gonadotropic cells in the anterior pituitary gland.

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Mammary gland

A mammary gland is an exocrine gland in mammals that produces milk to feed young offspring.

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Man

A man is a male human.

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Marker degradation

The Marker degradation is a three-step synthetic route in steroid chemistry developed by American chemist Russell Earl Marker in 1938–40.

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Medical uses of bicalutamide

The medical uses of bicalutamide, a nonsteroidal antiandrogen (NSAA), include the treatment of androgen-dependent conditions and hormone therapy to block the effects of androgens.

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Medication

A medication (also referred to as medicine, pharmaceutical drug, or simply drug) is a drug used to diagnose, cure, treat, or prevent disease.

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Medroxyprogesterone acetate

Medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA), sold under the brand name Depo-Provera among others, is a hormonal medication of the progestin type.

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Megestrol acetate

Megestrol acetate (MGA), sold under the brand name Megace among others, is a progestin medication which is used mainly as an appetite stimulant to treat wasting syndromes such as cachexia.

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Menstrual cycle

The menstrual cycle is the regular natural change that occurs in the female reproductive system (specifically the uterus and ovaries) that makes pregnancy possible.

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Metabolic syndrome

Metabolic syndrome, sometimes known by other names, is a clustering of at least three of the five following medical conditions: abdominal obesity, high blood pressure, high blood sugar, high serum triglycerides and low high-density lipoprotein (HDL) levels.

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Michigan State University Twin Registry

The Michigan State University Twin Registry (or MSUTR) is a registry of twins produced by researchers at Michigan State University.

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Miss Gay America

Miss Gay America is a national pageant for female impersonators.

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Neuroscience of sex differences

Neuroscience of sex differences is the study of the characteristics of the brain that separate the male brain and the female brain.

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Neutering

Neutering, from the Latin neuter ('of neither sex'), is the removal of an animal's reproductive organ, either all of it or a considerably large part.

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Neuvenge

Neuvenge, Lapuleucel-T (APC 8024), is a therapeutic cancer vaccine (TCV) in development (clinical trial) by Dendreon (DNDN).

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Nisterime acetate

Nisterime acetate (USAN) (developmental code name ORF-9326), also known as 2α-chloro-4,5α-dihydrotestosterone O-(p-nitrophenyl)oxime 17β-acetate or as 2α-chloro-5α-androstan-17β-ol-3-one O-(p-nitrophenyl)oxime 17β-acetate, is a synthetic, orally active anabolic-androgenic steroid (AAS) and a derivative of dihydrotestosterone (DHT) that was developed as a postcoital contraceptive but was never marketed.

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Northern mockingbird

The northern mockingbird (Mimus polyglottos) is the only mockingbird commonly found in North America.

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Obesogen

Obesogens are foreign chemical compounds that disrupt normal development and balance of lipid metabolism, which in some cases, can lead to obesity.

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Opioid

Opioids are substances that act on opioid receptors to produce morphine-like effects.

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Organizational-Activational Hypothesis

The Organizational-Activational Hypothesis states that steroid hormones permanently organize the nervous system during early development, which is reflected in adult male or female typical behaviors.

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Ovulatory shift hypothesis

The ovulatory shift hypothesis is the theory that women experience evolutionarily adaptive changes in subconscious thoughts and behaviors related to mating across the ovulatory cycle.

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Oxycodone

Oxycodone, sold under brand names such as Percocet and OxyContin among many others, is an opioid medication which is used for the relief of moderate to severe pain.

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Oxytocin

Oxytocin (Oxt) is a peptide hormone and neuropeptide.

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Oyster

Oyster is the common name for a number of different families of salt-water bivalve molluscs that live in marine or brackish habitats.

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Parthenogenesis in squamata

Parthenogenesis is a mode of asexual reproduction in which offspring are produced by females without the genetic contribution of a male.

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Pet food

Pet food is plant or animal material intended for consumption by pets.

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Pharmacological body alteration

Pharmacological body alteration is the overt physical alteration of the body through the use of drugs.

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Philippa Saunders

Philippa Saunders, is Chair of Reproductive Steroids and Director of Postgraduate Research for the College of Medicine and Veterinary Medicine, University of Edinburgh, and Registrar of the Academy of Medical Sciences.

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Phytophthora palmivora

Phytophthora palmivora is an oomycete that causes bud-rot of palms, fruit-rot or kole-roga of coconut and areca nut.

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Pilot (Sit Down, Shut Up)

The pilot episode of the American animated television series Sit Down, Shut Up originally aired in the United States on April 19, 2009 on the Fox network.

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Plastic pollution

Plastic pollution is the accumulation of plastic products in the environment that adversely affects wildlife, wildlife habitat and humans.

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Polymeric immunoglobulin receptor

Polymeric immunoglobulin receptor (pIgR) is a transmembrane protein that in humans is encoded by the PIGR gene.

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Precocious puberty

In medicine, precocious puberty is puberty occurring at an unusually early age.

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Pregnenolone acetate

Pregnenolone acetate (brand names Antofin, Previsone, Pregno-Pan), also known as pregn-5-en-3β-ol-20-one 3β-acetate, is a synthetic pregnane steroid and an ester of pregnenolone which is described as a glucocorticoid and as a skin-conditioning and skin anti-aging agent.

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Premature thelarche

Premature thelarche (PT) is a medical condition, characterised by isolated breast development in female infants.

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Prenatal stress

Prenatal stress (or prenatal maternal stress) is exposure of an expectant mother to stress, which can be caused by stressful life events or by environmental hardships.

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Prescription drug

A prescription drug (also prescription medication or prescription medicine) is a pharmaceutical drug that legally requires a medical prescription to be dispensed.

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Progesterone

Progesterone (P4) is an endogenous steroid and progestogen sex hormone involved in the menstrual cycle, pregnancy, and embryogenesis of humans and other species.

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Progesterone (medication)

Progesterone is a medication and naturally occurring steroid hormone.

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Progesterone receptor A

The progesterone receptor A (PR-A) is one of three known isoforms of the progesterone receptor (PR), the main biological target of the endogenous progestogen sex hormone progesterone.

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Progesterone receptor B

The progesterone receptor B (PR-B) is one of three known isoforms of the progesterone receptor (PR), the main biological target of the endogenous progestogen sex hormone progesterone.

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Progesterone receptor C

The progesterone receptor C (PR-C) is one of three known isoforms of the progesterone receptor (PR), the main biological target of the endogenous progestogen sex hormone progesterone.

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Progestin

A progestin is a type of medication which is used most commonly in hormonal birth control and menopausal hormone therapy.

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Progestin-induced virilization

Maternal use of androgens or high doses of certain weakly androgenic synthetic progestogens (progestins) structurally related to testosterone can masculinize (virilize) the external genitalia of a female fetus during susceptible times in pregnancy.

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Progestogen

Progestogens, also sometimes spelled progestagens or gestagens, are a class of steroid hormones that bind to and activate the progesterone receptor (PR).

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Progestogen ester

A progestogen ester is an ester of a progestogen or progestin (a synthetic progestogen).

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Progonadotropin

A progonadotropin, or hypergonadotropin, also known as a gonad stimulant, is a type of drug which increases the secretion of one or both of the major gonadotropins, luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH).

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Progynon

Progynon was an orally active formulation of estrogen that was developed by Adolf Butenandt at Schering and introduced in Germany in 1928.

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Prolactin

Prolactin (PRL), also known as luteotropic hormone or luteotropin, is a protein that is best known for its role in enabling mammals, usually females, to produce milk.

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Prolactin modulator

A prolactin modulator is a drug which modulates the secretion of the pituitary hormone prolactin from the anterior pituitary gland.

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Proteins produced and secreted by the liver

The liver plays the major role in producing proteins that are secreted into the blood, including major plasma proteins, factors in hemostasis and fibrinolysis, carrier proteins, hormones, prohormones and apolipoprotein.

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Puberty

Puberty is the process of physical changes through which a child's body matures into an adult body capable of sexual reproduction.

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Pubic hair

Pubic hair is terminal body hair that is found in the genital area of adolescent and adult humans.

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Radiation therapy

Radiation therapy or radiotherapy, often abbreviated RT, RTx, or XRT, is therapy using ionizing radiation, generally as part of cancer treatment to control or kill malignant cells and normally delivered by a linear accelerator.

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Rapid hormone cycling

Rapid hormone cycling is a procedure in which drugs that block the production of male hormones are alternated with male hormones and/or drugs that promote the production of male hormones.

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Relugolix

Relugolix (developmental code names RVT-601, TAK-385) is a non-peptide, orally active, selective antagonist of the gonadotropin-releasing hormone receptor (GnRHR) (.

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Rich Piana

Richard Eugene Piana (September 26, 1970August 25, 2017) was an American bodybuilder and businessman.

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Risk factors for breast cancer

Risk factors for breast cancer may be divided into preventable and non-preventable.

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Robert K. Burns

Robert Kyle Burns (July 26, 1896 – June 26, 1982) was an American biologist known for his work on sexual differentiation in vertebrates.

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Sarsasapogenin

Sarsasapogenin is a steroidal sapogenin, that is the aglycosidic portion of a plant saponin.

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Sebaceous gland

Sebaceous glands are microscopic exocrine glands in the skin that secrete an oily or waxy matter, called sebum, to lubricate and waterproof the skin and hair of mammals.

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Seborrhoeic dermatitis

Seborrhoeic dermatitis, also known as seborrhoea, is a long-term skin disorder.

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Sebright chicken

The Sebright is a breed of chicken named after its developer, Sir John Saunders Sebright. The Sebright is one of the oldest recorded British 'true' bantam (meaning it is a miniature bird with no corresponding large version of the breed), created in the 19th century through a selective breeding program designed to produce an ornamental breed.Hobson, Jeremy and Lewis, Cecilia. Choosing & Raising Chickens: The complete guide to breeds and welfare. David and Charles publishing. London. 2009. p 85. The first poultry breed to have its own specialist club for enthusiasts, Sebrights were admitted to poultry exhibition standards not long after their establishment. Today, they are among the most popular of bantam breeds. Despite their popularity, Sebrights are often difficult to breed, and the inheritance of certain unique characteristics the breed carries has been studied scientifically. As a largely ornamental chicken, they lay tiny, white eggs and are not kept for meat production.

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Secondary sex characteristic

Secondary sex characteristics are features that appear during puberty in humans, and at sexual maturity in other animals.

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Semen quality

Semen quality is a measure of the ability of semen to accomplish fertilization.

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Serenic

A serenic, or antiaggressive agent, is a type of drug which reduces the capacity for irritability and aggression.

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Sex

Organisms of many species are specialized into male and female varieties, each known as a sex. Sexual reproduction involves the combining and mixing of genetic traits: specialized cells known as gametes combine to form offspring that inherit traits from each parent.

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Sex and gender distinction

The distinction between sex and gender differentiates a person's biological sex (the anatomy of an individual's reproductive system, and secondary sex characteristics) from that person's gender, which can refer to either social roles based on the sex of the person (gender role) or personal identification of one's own gender based on an internal awareness (gender identity).

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Sex assignment

Sex assignment (sometimes known as gender assignment) is the determination of an infant's sex at birth.

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Sex differences in humans

Sex differences in humans have been studied in a variety of fields.

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Sex hormone receptor

The sex hormone receptors, or sex steroid receptors, are a group of steroid hormone receptors that interact with the sex hormones, the androgens, estrogens, and progestogens, as well as with sex-hormonal agents such as anabolic steroids, progestins, and antiestrogens.

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Sex hormone-binding globulin

Sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) or sex steroid-binding globulin (SSBG) is a glycoprotein that binds to the two sex hormones: androgen and estrogen.

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Sex steroid

Sex steroids, also known as gonadocorticoids and gonadal steroids, are steroid hormones that interact with vertebrate androgen or estrogen receptors.

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Sex-hormonal agent

A sex-hormonal agent, also known as a sex-hormone receptor modulator, is a type of hormonal agent which specifically modulates the effects of sex hormones and of their biological targets, the sex hormone receptors.

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Sexual characteristics

Sexual characteristics are physical or behavioral traits of an organism (typically of a sexually dimorphic organism) which are indicative of its biological sex.

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Sexual dimorphism

Sexual dimorphism is the condition where the two sexes of the same species exhibit different characteristics beyond the differences in their sexual organs.

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Sexual motivation and hormones

Sexual motivation is influenced by hormones such as testosterone, estrogen, progesterone, oxytocin, and vasopressin.

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Sexual selection in humans

Sexual selection in humans concerns the concept of sexual selection, introduced by Charles Darwin as an element of his theory of natural selection, as it affects humans.

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Sitting

Sitting is a basic human resting position.

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Sjögren syndrome

Sjögren syndrome (SjS, SS) is a long-term autoimmune disease in which the moisture-producing glands of the body are affected.

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SK3

SK3 (small conductance calcium-activated potassium channel 3) also known as KCa2.3 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the KCNN3 gene.

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Smith–Lemli–Opitz syndrome

Smith–Lemli–Opitz syndrome (also SLOS, or 7-dehydrocholesterol reductase deficiency) is an inborn error of cholesterol synthesis.

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Species-typical behavior

The ethological concept of species-typical behavior is based on the premise that certain behavioral similarities are shared by almost all members of a species.

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Spironolactone

Spironolactone, sold under the brand name Aldactone among others, is a medication that is primarily used to treat fluid build-up due to heart failure, liver scarring, or kidney disease.

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Steroid

A steroid is a biologically active organic compound with four rings arranged in a specific molecular configuration.

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Steroid diabetes

Steroid diabetes (also "steroid-induced diabetes") is a medical term referring to prolonged hyperglycemia due to glucocorticoid therapy for another medical condition.

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Steroid hormone

A steroid hormone is a steroid that acts as a hormone.

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Steroid hormone receptor

Steroid hormone receptors are found in the nucleus, cytosol, and also on the plasma membrane of target cells.

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Steroid-induced osteoporosis

Steroid-induced osteoporosis (SIOP) is osteoporosis arising due to use of glucocorticoids (steroid hormones) - analogous to Cushing's syndrome and involving mainly the axial skeleton.

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Steroidogenesis inhibitor

A steroidogenesis inhibitor, also known as a steroid biosynthesis inhibitor, is a type of drug which inhibits one or more of the enzymes that are involved in the process of steroidogenesis, the biosynthesis of endogenous steroids and steroid hormones.

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Steroidogenic enzyme

Steroidogenic enzymes, or steroid-metabolizing enzymes, are enzymes that are involved in steroidogenesis and steroid metabolism.

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Subcutaneous implant

In medicine, a subcutaneous implant, or subcutaneous pellet, is an implant that is delivered under the skin into the subcutaneous tissue by surgery or injection and is used to deliver a drug for a long period of time.

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Sufugolix

Sufugolix (developmental code name TAK-013) is a non-peptide, orally-active, selective antagonist of the gonadotropin-releasing hormone receptor (GnRHR) (.

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Systemic lupus erythematosus

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), also known simply as lupus, is an autoimmune disease in which the body's immune system mistakenly attacks healthy tissue in many parts of the body.

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T. C. Anand Kumar

Trichnopoly Chelvaraj Anand Kumar (1936–2010) was an Indian andrologist, reproductive biologist and the creator of the second scientifically documented test tube baby in India.

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Television works about intersex

Intersex, in humans and other animals, describes variations in sex characteristics including chromosomes, gonads, sex hormones, or genitals that, according to the UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, "do not fit typical binary notions of male or female bodies".

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Temporomandibular joint dysfunction

Temporomandibular joint dysfunction (TMD, TMJD) is an umbrella term covering pain and dysfunction of the muscles of mastication (the muscles that move the jaw) and the temporomandibular joints (the joints which connect the mandible to the skull).

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Testosterone

Testosterone is the primary male sex hormone and an anabolic steroid.

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Testosterone (medication)

Testosterone is a medication and naturally occurring steroid hormone.

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Testosterone-cortisol ratio

In human biology, the testosterone-cortisol ratio describes the ratio between testosterone, the primary male sex hormone and an anabolic steroid, and cortisol, another steroid hormone, in the human body.

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The Inevitability of Patriarchy

The Inevitability of Patriarchy is a book by Steven Goldberg published by William Morrow and Company in 1973.

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Thelarche

Thelarche is the onset of secondary (postnatal) breast development, usually occurring at the beginning of puberty in girls.

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Thymus

The thymus is a specialized primary lymphoid organ of the immune system.

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Tibolone

Tibolone, sold under the brand names Livial and Tibofem among others, is a medication which is used in menopausal hormone therapy and in the treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis and endometriosis.

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Transgender hormone therapy

Transgender hormone therapy, also sometimes called cross-sex hormone therapy, is a form of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) in which sex hormones and other hormonal medications are administered to transgender or gender variant individuals for the purpose of more closely aligning their secondary sexual characteristics with their gender identity.

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Transgender hormone therapy (male-to-female)

Transgender hormone therapy of the male-to-female (MTF) type, also known as feminizing hormone therapy, is a form of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) and sex reassignment therapy which is used to change the secondary sexual characteristics of transgender people from masculine (or androgynous) to feminine.

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Vaginal cytology

Vaginal cytology is a microscopic examination of cells from the vaginal epithelium.

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White adipose tissue

White adipose tissue (WAT) or white fat is one of the two types of adipose tissue found in mammals.

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Wildlife contraceptive

Wildlife contraceptives of various kinds are under development.

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XX gonadal dysgenesis

This syndrome is inherited as an autosomal disease.

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XXXY syndrome

XXXY syndrome is a genetic disorder characterized by a sex chromosome aneuploidy, where males have two extra X chromosomes.

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XY gonadal dysgenesis

Swyer syndrome, or XY gonadal dysgenesis, is a type of hypogonadism in a person whose karyotype is 46,XY.

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17α-Hydroxypregnenolone

17α-Hydroxypregnenolone is a pregnane (C21) steroid that is obtained by hydroxylation of pregnenolone at the C17α position.

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17β-Hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase III deficiency

17β-Hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase III deficiency is a rare disorder of sexual development, or intersex condition, affecting testosterone biosynthesis by 17β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase III (17β-HSD III), which can produce impaired virilization (historically termed male pseudohermaphroditism) of genetically male infants.

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19-Norprogesterone

19-Norprogesterone, also known as 19-norpregn-4-ene-3,20-dione, is a steroidal progestin and close analogue of the sex hormone progesterone, lacking only the C19 methyl group of that molecule.

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5α-Reductase

5α-reductases, also known as 3-oxo-5α-steroid 4-dehydrogenases, are enzymes involved in steroid metabolism.

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5α-Reductase inhibitor

5α-Reductase inhibitors (5-ARIs), also known as dihydrotestosterone (DHT) blockers, are a class of medications with antiandrogenic effects which are used primarily in the treatment of enlarged prostate and scalp hair loss.

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Female hormones, Female sex hormone, Female sex hormones, Female sex steroid, Female sex steroids, Gonadal hormone, Gonadal hormones, Gonadal steroid, Gonadal steroids, Male hormones, Male sex hormone, Ovarian steroids, Sex hormone, Sex hormones, Sex steriod, Sex steroidergic, Sex steroids, Sex-hormone, Sex-hormones, Sexhormone, Sexhormones, Synthetic sex steroids.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sex_steroid

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