174 relations: Activated charcoal (medication), Agriculture in Cuba, Airborne (dietary supplement), Alcohol, Aldose reductase, Aldose reductase inhibitor, Altoids, Amcinonide, Aminopterin, Antidote, ATC code A06, ATC code B05, ATC code V04, Bacchus-F, Baclofen, Bifidobacterium breve, Biomass, Bioplastic, Blood sugar level, Borate, Breath Savers, C6H14O6, Canadian health claims for food, Candida keroseneae, Capsule (pharmacy), Carbohydrate, Cathartic, Cetalkonium chloride, Chemistry of ascorbic acid, Chewing gum, Colgate Wisp, Commodity chemicals, Cryptococcus albidosimilis, D-sorbitol dehydrogenase (acceptor), Dendrodrilus rubidus, Dentyne Mints, Depletion force, Diabetic angiopathy, Dianhydrohexitol, Diapause, Differential diagnoses of depression, Diisopromine, Dried shredded squid, E number, Eclipse (breath freshener), Elixir, Enterobacter taylorae, Erythritol, Excipient, Fishcake, ..., Fisherman's Friend, FODMAP, FOX reagent, Freezing-point depression, Fructose malabsorption, Gairaigo, Genetically modified food, Glossary of diabetes, Glucokinase regulatory protein, GLUT5, Goldenrod gall fly, Hereditary fructose intolerance, Humectant, Hyaluronic acid, Hydrogen bond, Hydrogen breath test, Hydrogenated starch hydrolysates, Hyperkalemia, Hysteroscopy, Ice Breakers (candy), Insect winter ecology, International Numbering System for Food Additives, Ionic liquid, Irritable bowel syndrome, Isomalt, Isosorbide, James B. Aguayo-Martel, K-Y Jelly, Ketogenic diet, Lactitol, Laxative, Lichen, Lipogenesis, List of additives for hydraulic fracturing, List of compounds with carbon number 6, List of food additives, List of MeSH codes (D02), List of MeSH codes (D09), List of vaccine ingredients, Loghman Pharmaceuticals, Low molecular-mass organic gelators, Macrococcus brunensis, Maltitol, Management of ulcerative colitis, Mannitol, Marzipan, Meiothermus timidus, Mochi, Momints, Mouthwash, Mylanta, Near-sightedness, Norman Lowther Edson, Osmotic shock, Osmotic-controlled release oral delivery system, Outline of nutrition, Oxyphenisatine, Pasteurella canis, Patiromer, Pears (soap), PEDOT:PSS, Pericyte, Perry, Phenotypic testing of mycobacteria, Plasmolysis, Poison, Polo (confectionery), Polydextrose, Polygala senega, Polyol, Polyol pathway, Polypropylene glycol, Polysorbate, Polystyrene sulfonate, Polyurethane, Positron emission tomography, Proteus mirabilis, Proteus vulgaris, Prune, Prussian blue (medical use), PTS Glucitol Family, PTS-GFL superfamily, Pyrotechnic composition, Raney nickel, Recreational use of dextromethorphan, Redoxon, Reichstein process, Rhizobium lentis, Rocket candy, Roquette Frères, Rosaceae, Rosin, Senna (plant), Sisu (candy), Sodium citrate/sodium lauryl sulfoacetate/glycerol, Sodium zirconium cyclosilicate, Softgel, Solid-propellant rocket, Sorbic acid, Sorbinil, Sorbitan, Sorbitan monolaurate, Sorbitan monostearate, Sorbitol, Sorbitol dehydrogenase, Sorbitol-6-phosphatase, Sorbitol-MacConkey agar, Sorbus aucuparia, Sporidiobolus salmonicolor, Sporobolomyces koalae, Sporolactobacillus, Staphylococcus nepalensis, Starch, Sugar alcohol, Sugar substitute, Surimi, Sweetness, Tapioca industry of Thailand, Tooth-friendly, Toothpaste, Trident (gum), Xylitol, 1,2-Butanediol, 5 (gum). Expand index (124 more) » « Shrink index
Activated charcoal, also known as activated carbon, is a medication used to treat poisonings that occurred by mouth.
Agriculture in Cuba has played an important part in the economy for several hundred years.
Airborne is a dietary supplement containing herbal extracts, amino acids, antioxidants, electrolytes, vitamins, and other ingredients marketed to prevent the common cold and improve immune function.
In chemistry, an alcohol is any organic compound in which the hydroxyl functional group (–OH) is bound to a carbon.
In enzymology, aldose reductase (or aldehyde reductase) is a cytosolic NADPH-dependent oxidoreductase that catalyzes the reduction of a variety of aldehydes and carbonyls, including monosaccharides.
Aldose reductase inhibitors are a class of drugs being studied as a way to prevent eye and nerve damage in people with diabetes.
Altoids are a brand of breath mints.
Amcinonide (trade name Cyclocort) is a topical glucocorticoid used to treat itching, redness and swelling associated with several dermatologic conditions such as atopic dermatitis and allergic contact dermatitis.
Aminopterin (or 4-aminopteroic acid), the 4-amino derivative of folic acid, is an antineoplastic drug with immunosuppressive properties often used in chemotherapy.
An antidote is a substance which can counteract a form of poisoning.
Bacchus (박카스) is a non-carbonated South Korean energy drink, first launched in 1963.
Baclofen, sold under the brand name Lioresal among others, is a medication used to treat spasticity.
Bifidobacterium breve is a bacterial species of the genus Bifidobacterium which has probiotic properties.
Biomass is an industry term for getting energy by burning wood, and other organic matter.
Bioplastics are plastics derived from renewable biomass sources, such as vegetable fats and oils, corn starch, or microbiota.
The blood sugar level, blood sugar concentration, or blood glucose level is the amount of glucose present in the blood of humans and other animals.
Borates are the name for a large number of boron-containing oxyanions.
Breath Savers is a brand of mint manufactured by the Hershey Company.
The molecular formula C6H14O6 may refer to.
Canadian health claims by Health Canada, the department of the Government of Canada responsible for national health, has allowed five scientifically verified disease risk reduction claims to be used on food labels and on food advertising.
Candida keroseneae is a species of yeast in the genus Candida, family Saccharomycetaceae.
In the manufacture of pharmaceuticals, encapsulation refers to a range of dosage forms—techniques used to enclose medicines—in a relatively stable shell known as a capsule, allowing them to, for example, be taken orally or be used as suppositories.
A carbohydrate is a biomolecule consisting of carbon (C), hydrogen (H) and oxygen (O) atoms, usually with a hydrogen–oxygen atom ratio of 2:1 (as in water); in other words, with the empirical formula (where m may be different from n).
In medicine, a cathartic is a substance that accelerates defecation.
Cetalkonium chloride (CKC) is a quaternary ammonium compound of the alkyl-benzyldimethylammonium chloride family, the alkyl group having a chain length of C16 (16 carbons).
Ascorbic acid is a naturally occurring organic compound with antioxidant properties.
Chewing gum is a soft, cohesive substance designed to be chewed without being swallowed.
Colgate Wisp is a single use mini toothbrush that was introduced by Colgate-Palmolive Company in March 2009.
Commodity chemicals (or bulk commodities or bulk chemicals) are a group of chemicals that are made on a very large scale to satisfy global markets.
Cryptococcus albidosimilis is a species that has been isolated from soil in Antarctica.
In enzymology, a D-sorbitol dehydrogenase (acceptor) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are D-sorbitol and acceptor, whereas its two products are L-sorbose and reduced acceptor.
Dendrodrilus rubidus is a species of earthworm in the family Lumbricidae.
A depletion force is an effective attractive force that arises between large colloidal particles that are suspended in a dilute solution of depletants, which are smaller solutes that are preferentially excluded from the vicinity of the large particles.
Diabetic angiopathy is a form of angiopathy associated with diabetic complications.
Dianhydrohexitols are heterocyclic compounds that are obtained by double dehydration of hexitols such as mannitol and sorbitol.
Diapause, when referencing animal dormancy, is the delay in development in response to regularly and recurring periods of adverse environmental conditions.
Depression, one of the most commonly diagnosed psychiatric disorders, is being diagnosed in increasing numbers in various segments of the population worldwide.
Diisopromine or disoprominum, usually as the hydrochloride salt, is a synthetic spasmolytic which neutralizes spastic conditions of the biliary tract and of the sphincter of Oddi.
Dried shredded squid is a dried, shredded, seasoned, seafood product, made from squid or cuttlefish, commonly found in coastal Asian countries, Russia, and Hawaii.
E numbers are codes for substances that are permitted to be used as food additives for use within the European Union and EFTA.
Eclipse is a brand of chewing gum and breath mint, first introduced in the U.S. by the Wrigley Company in 1999 as its first entrant into the pellet gum segment.
An elixir (from Arabic: إكسير Iksīr; from Greek ξήριον xērion "powder for drying wounds" from ξηρός xēros "dry") is a clear, sweet-flavored liquid used for medicinal purposes, to be taken orally and intended to cure one's illness.
Enterobacter taylorae is a Gram-negative bacteria formerly known as Enteric Group 19, and also known as Enterobacter cancerogenus.
Erythritol ((2R,3S)-butane-1,2,3,4-tetrol) is a sugar alcohol (or polyol) that has been approved for use as a food additive in the United States and throughout much of the world.
An excipient is a substance formulated alongside the active ingredient of a medication, included for the purpose of long-term stabilization, bulking up solid formulations that contain potent active ingredients in small amounts (thus often referred to as "bulking agents", "fillers", or "diluents"), or to confer a therapeutic enhancement on the active ingredient in the final dosage form, such as facilitating drug absorption, reducing viscosity, or enhancing solubility.
A fishcake (sometimes written as fish cake) is a food item similar to a croquette, consisting of filleted fish or other seafood with potato patty, sometimes coated in breadcrumbs or batter, and fried.
Fisherman's Friend is a brand of strong menthol lozenges produced by the Lofthouse company in Fleetwood, Lancashire, England.
FODMAPs are short chain carbohydrates that are poorly absorbed in the small intestine.
The FOX reagent is used to measure levels of hydrogen peroxide in biological systems.
Freezing-point depression is the decrease of the freezing point of a solvent on addition of a non-volatile solute.
Fructose malabsorption, formerly named "dietary fructose intolerance" (DFI), is a digestive disorder in which absorption of fructose is impaired by deficient fructose carriers in the small intestine's enterocytes.
is Japanese for "loan word" or "borrowed word", and indicates a transliteration (or "transvocalization") into Japanese.
Genetically modified foods or GM foods, also known as genetically engineered foods, bioengineered foods, genetically modified organisms, or GMOs, are foods produced from organisms that have had changes introduced into their DNA using the methods of genetic engineering.
The following is a glossary of diabetes which explains terms connected with diabetes.
The glucokinase regulatory protein (GKRP) also known as glucokinase (hexokinase 4) regulator (GCKR) is a protein produced in hepatocytes (liver cells).
GLUT5 is a fructose transporter expressed on the apical border of enterocytes in the small intestine.
The goldenrod gall fly (Eurosta solidaginis), also known as the goldenrod ball gallmaker, is a species of fly native to North America.
Hereditary fructose intolerance (HFI) is an inborn error of fructose metabolism caused by a deficiency of the enzyme aldolase B. Individuals affected with HFI are asymptomatic until they ingest fructose, sucrose, or sorbitol.
A humectant is a hygroscopic substance used to keep things moist; it is the opposite of a desiccant because it is wet.
Hyaluronic acid (HA; conjugate base hyaluronate), also called hyaluronan, is an anionic, nonsulfated glycosaminoglycan distributed widely throughout connective, epithelial, and neural tissues.
A hydrogen bond is a partially electrostatic attraction between a hydrogen (H) which is bound to a more electronegative atom such as nitrogen (N), oxygen (O), or fluorine (F), and another adjacent atom bearing a lone pair of electrons.
A hydrogen breath test (or HBT) is used as a diagnostic tool for small intestine bacterial overgrowth and carbohydrate malabsorption, such as lactose, fructose, and sorbitol malabsorption.
Hydrogenated starch hydrolysates (HSHs) are mixtures of several sugar alcohols (a type of sugar substitute).
Hyperkalemia, also spelled hyperkalaemia, is an elevated level of potassium (K+) in the blood serum.
Hysteroscopy is the inspection of the uterine cavity by endoscopy with access through the cervix.
Ice Breakers is a sugar-free brand of gum and disc-shaped mint currently made by Hershey.
Insect winter ecology entails the overwinter survival strategies of insects, which are in many respects more similar to those of plants than to many other animals, such as mammals and birds.
The International Numbering System for Food Additives (INS) is a European-based naming system for food additives, aimed at providing a short designation of what may be a lengthy actual name.
An ionic liquid (IL) is a salt in the liquid state.
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a group of symptoms—including abdominal pain and changes in the pattern of bowel movements without any evidence of underlying damage.
Isomalt is a sugar substitute, a type of sugar alcohol used primarily for its sugar-like physical properties.
Isosorbide is a bicyclic chemical compound from the group of diols and the oxygen-containing heterocycles, containing two fused furan rings.
James Benjamin Martel is a physician, surgeon and scientist.
K-Y Jelly is a water-based, water-soluble personal lubricant, most commonly used as a lubricant for sexual intercourse.
The ketogenic diet is a high-fat, adequate-protein, low-carbohydrate diet that in medicine is used primarily to treat difficult-to-control (refractory) epilepsy in children.
Lactitol is a sugar alcohol used as a replacement bulk sweetener for low calorie foods with approximately 40% of the sweetness of sugar.
Laxatives, purgatives, or aperients are substances that loosen stools and increase bowel movements.
A lichen is a composite organism that arises from algae or cyanobacteria living among filaments of multiple fungi in a symbiotic relationship.
Lipogenesis is the process by which acetyl-CoA is converted to fatty acids.
The differences between additives for hydraulic fracturing in different countries are the type of chemicals used (hazardous, non-hazardous), the disclosure of chemicals and the composition of fracturing fluid.
This is a partial list of molecules that contain 6 carbon atoms.
;Acids: Food acids are added to make flavors "sharper", and also act as preservatives and antioxidants.
This is the fourth part of the list of the "D" codes for MeSH.
This is the fourth part of the list of the "D" codes for MeSH.
This list of vaccine ingredients indicates the culture media used in the production of common vaccines and the excipients they contain, as published by the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and Food and Drug Administration.
Loghman Pharmaceutical & Hygienic Co. (شرکت دارویی و بهداشتی لقمان) is an Iranian pharmaceuticals company.
Low molecular-mass organic gelators (LMOGs) are a relatively new and dynamic soft materials capable of numerous possible applications; LMOGs are the monomeric sub-unit which form self-assembled fibrillar networks (SAFINs) that entrap solvent between the strands.
Macrococcus brunensis is a species of bacteria belonging to the genus Macrococcus.
Maltitol is a sugar alcohol (a polyol) used as a sugar substitute.
Management of ulcerative colitis involves first treating the acute symptoms of the disease, then maintaining remission.
Mannitol is a type of sugar alcohol which is also used as a medication.
Marzipan is a confection consisting primarily of sugar or honey and almond meal (ground almonds), sometimes augmented with almond oil or extract.
Meiothermus timidus is a species of Deinococcus–Thermus yellow-pigmented bacteria.
is Japanese rice cake made of mochigome, a short-grain japonica glutinous rice.
Momints is a breath mint manufactured by Yosha Enterprises Corporation.
Mouthwash, mouth rinse, oral rinse, or mouth bath is a liquid which is held in the mouth passively or swilled around the mouth by contraction of the perioral muscles and/or movement of the head, and may be gargled, where the head is tilted back and the liquid bubbled at the back of the mouth.
Mylanta is a brand of over-the-counter drugs for digestive problems, manufactured by Infirst Healthcare USA under license from McNeil Consumer Healthcare, a division of Johnson & Johnson (formerly Pfizer since 2007 following its acquisition).
Near-sightedness, also known as short-sightedness and myopia, is a condition of the eye where light focuses in front of, instead of on, the retina.
Norman Lowther Edson (1 March 1904 – 12 May 1970), FRSNZ, FNZIC, was the first Professor of Biochemistry (1949–1967) in the University of New Zealand based at the University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand.
Osmotic shock or osmotic stress is physiologic dysfunction caused by a sudden change in the solute concentration around a cell, which causes a rapid change in the movement of water across its cell membrane.
The osmotic-controlled release oral delivery system (OROS) is an advanced controlled release oral drug delivery system in the form of a rigid tablet with a semi-permeable outer membrane and one or more small laser drilled holes in it.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and a topical guide to nutrition.
Oxyphenisatine (or oxyphenisatin) is a laxative.
Pasteurella canis is a Gram-negative, nonmotile, penicillin-sensitive coccobacillus belonging to the Pasteurellaceae family.
Patiromer (USAN, trade name Veltassa) is a drug used for the treatment of hyperkalemia (elevated blood potassium levels), a condition that may lead to palpitations and arrhythmia (irregular heartbeat).
Pears transparent soap is a brand of soap first produced and sold in 1807 by Andrew Pears at a factory just off Oxford Street in London, England.
PEDOT:PSS or poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) polystyrene sulfonate is a polymer mixture of two ionomers.
Pericytes are contractile cells that wrap around the endothelial cells that line the capillaries and venules throughout the body.
Perry is an alcoholic beverage made from fermented pears, similar to the way cider is made from apples.
In microbiology, the phenotypic testing of mycobacteria uses a number of methods.
Plasmolysis is the process in which cells lose water in a hypertonic solution.
In biology, poisons are substances that cause disturbances in organisms, usually by chemical reaction or other activity on the molecular scale, when an organism absorbs a sufficient quantity.
Polo Mints is a brand of breath mint whose defining feature is the hole in the middle.
Polydextrose is a synthetic polymer of glucose.
Polygala senega is a species of flowering plant in the milkwort family, Polygalaceae.
A polyol is an organic compound containing multiple hydroxyl groups.
Also called the sorbitol-aldose reductase pathway, the polyol pathway is a two-step process that converts glucose to fructose.
Polypropylene glycol or polypropylene oxide is the polymer of propylene glycol.
Polysorbates are a class of emulsifiers used in some pharmaceuticals and food preparation.
Polystyrene sulfonates are polymers derived from polystyrene by the addition of sulfonate functional groups.
Polyurethane (PUR and PU) is a polymer composed of organic units joined by carbamate (urethane) links.
Positron-emission tomography (PET) is a nuclear medicine functional imaging technique that is used to observe metabolic processes in the body as an aid to the diagnosis of disease.
Proteus mirabilis is a Gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacterium.
Proteus vulgaris is a rod-shaped, nitrate-reducing, indole+ and catalase-positive, hydrogen sulfide-producing, Gram-negative bacterium that inhabits the intestinal tracts of humans and animals.
A prune is a dried plum of any cultivar, mostly Prunus domestica or European Plum.
Prussian blue, also known as potassium ferric hexacyanoferrate, is used as a medication to treat thallium poisoning or radioactive cesium poisoning.
The PTS Glucitol (Gut) Familyconsists only of glucitol-specific porters, but these occur both in Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria.
The phosphotransferases system (PTS-GFL) superfamily is a superfamily of phosphotransferase enzymes that facilitate the transport of glucose, glucitol (G), fructose (F) and lactose (L).
A pyrotechnic composition is a substance or mixture of substances designed to produce an effect by heat, light, sound, gas/smoke or a combination of these, as a result of non-detonative self-sustaining exothermic chemical reactions.
Raney nickel, also called spongy nickel, is a fine-grained solid composed mostly of nickel derived from a nickel-aluminium alloy.
Dextromethorphan, or DXM, a common active ingredient found in many over-the-counter cough suppressant cold medicines, is used as a recreational drug and entheogen for its dissociative effects.
Redoxon was the brand name of the first artificially synthesized ascorbic acid (vitamin C).
The Reichstein process in chemistry is a combined chemical and microbial method for the production of ascorbic acid from D-glucose that takes place in several steps.
Rhizobium lentis is a gram-negative bacterium which was isolated from root nodules of lentils in Bangladesh.
Rocket Candy, or R-Candy, is a type of rocket propellant for model rockets made with sugar as a fuel, and containing an oxidizer.
Roquette is a French-based family owned company which produces more than 650 by-products from the starch extracted from corn, wheat, potatoes and peas.
Rosaceae, the rose family, is a medium-sized family of flowering plants, including 4,828 known species in 91 genera.
Rosin, also called colophony or Greek pitch (pix græca), is a solid form of resin obtained from pines and some other plants, mostly conifers, produced by heating fresh liquid resin to vaporize the volatile liquid terpene components.
Senna (from Arabic sanā), the sennas, is a large genus of flowering plants in the legume family Fabaceae, and the subfamily Caesalpinioideae.
Sisu is a Finnish brand of candy, currently produced by Leaf International.
Sodium citrate/sodium lauryl sulfoacetate/glycerol sold under the brandname Microlax and Micolette Micro enema, among others, is a small tube of liquid gel that is used to treat constipation.
Sodium zirconium cyclosilicate (ZS-9) is a selective oral sorbent that traps potassium ions throughout the gastrointestinal tract.
A softgel is an oral dosage form for medicine similar to capsules.
A solid-propellant rocket or solid rocket is a rocket with a rocket engine that uses solid propellants (fuel/oxidizer).
Sorbic acid, or 2,4-hexadienoic acid, is a natural organic compound used as a food preservative.
Sorbinil (INN) is an aldose reductase inhibitor being investigated for treatment of diabetic complications including neuropathy and retinopathy.
Sorbitan is a mixture of isomeric organic compounds derived from the dehydration of sorbitol and is an intermediate in the conversion of sorbitol to isosorbide.
Sorbitan monolaurate is a mixture of esters formed from the fatty acid lauric acid and polyols derived from sorbitol, including sorbitan and isosorbide.
Sorbitan monostearate is an ester of sorbitan (a sorbitol derivative) and stearic acid and is sometimes referred to as a synthetic wax.
Sorbitol, less commonly known as glucitol, is a sugar alcohol with a sweet taste which the human body metabolizes slowly.
Sorbitol dehydrogenase (or SDH) is a cytosolic enzyme.
In enzymology, a sorbitol-6-phosphatase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are sorbitol 6-phosphate and H2O, whereas its two products are sorbitol and phosphate.
Sorbitol MacConkey agar is a variant of traditional MacConkey agar used in the detection of E. coli O157:H7.
Sorbus aucuparia, commonly called rowan and mountain-ash, is a species of deciduous tree or shrub in the rose family.
Sporoidiobolus salmonicolor is a yeast-like fungus in the Basidiomycota more commonly known by the name of its asexual yeast-like state, Sporobolomyces salmonicolor.
Sporobolomyces koalae is a species of fungus in the order Sporidiobolales.
Sporolactobacillus is a genus of anaerobic, endospore-forming, Gram-positive, motile, rod-shaped, lactic acid bacteria.
Staphylococcus nepalensis is a Gram-positive coccoid bacterium belonging to the genus Staphylococcus.
Starch or amylum is a polymeric carbohydrate consisting of a large number of glucose units joined by glycosidic bonds.
Sugar alcohols (also called polyhydric alcohols, polyalcohols, alditols or glycitols) are organic compounds, typically derived from sugars, that comprise a class of polyols.
A sugar substitute is a food additive that provides a sweet taste like that of sugar while containing significantly less food energy.
refers to a paste made from fish or other meat.
Sweetness is a basic taste most commonly perceived when eating foods rich in sugars.
The tapioca industry of Thailand plays an important role in the agricultural economy of Thailand.
The Toothfriendly label distinguishes products which are non-cariogenic and non-erosive, i.e. safe for teeth.
Toothpaste is a paste or gel dentifrice used with a toothbrush as an accessory to clean and maintain the aesthetics and health of teeth.
Trident is a brand of sugar-free chewing gum.
Xylitol is a sugar alcohol used as a sweetener.
1,2-Butanediol is a vic-diol (glycol) first described by Charles-Adolphe Wurtz in 1859.
5 is a brand of sugar-free chewing gum that is manufactured by the Wrigley Company.
ATC code A06AD18, ATC code A06AG07, ATC code B05CX02, ATC code V04CC01, ATCvet code QA06AD18, ATCvet code QA06AG07, ATCvet code QB05CX02, ATCvet code QV04CC01, D-sorbitol, E420, Glucitol, Glucose reduction reaction, Sorbital.