45 relations: Aage Bohr, Alpha strike (engineering), Bethe formula, Binary collision approximation, Bragg peak, Channelling (physics), Collision cascade, Continuous slowing down approximation range, Energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, Gaseous ionization detectors, Geiger counter, Geiger–Müller tube, Hans Henrik Andersen, Helmut Paul, Index of physics articles (M), Index of physics articles (S), Interatomic potential, Ion, Ion implantation, Ionization chamber, Ionizing radiation, Lead shielding, Linear energy transfer, Lowell S. Brown, MIP, MIPS, Muon, Neutron depth profiling, Nuclear reaction analysis, Particle radiation, Particle therapy, Phycobilisome, Proportional counter, Radiation damage, Radiation length, Radiation material science, Radiation protection, Range (particle radiation), Rutherford backscattering spectrometry, Scintillator, Sputtering, Stopping and Range of Ions in Matter, Swift heavy ion, Threshold displacement energy, Walter H. Barkas.
Aage Niels Bohr (19 June 1922 – 8 September 2009) was a Danish nuclear physicist who shared the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1975 with Ben Mottelson and James Rainwater "for the discovery of the connection between collective motion and particle motion in atomic nuclei and the development of the theory of the structure of the atomic nucleus based on this connection".
An alpha strike is a term referring to the event when an alpha particle enters a computer processor, and modifying the data contained in that processor.
The Bethe formula describes the mean energy loss per distance travelled of swift charged particles (protons, alpha particles, atomic ions) traversing matter (or alternatively the stopping power of the material).
The binary collision approximation (BCA) signifies a method used in ion irradiation physics to enable efficient computer simulation of the penetration depth and defect production by energetic (with kinetic energies in the kilo-electronvolt (keV) range or higher) ions in solids.
The Bragg peak is a pronounced peak on the Bragg curve which plots the energy loss of ionizing radiation during its travel through matter.
Channelling is the process that constrains the path of a charged particle in a crystalline solid Many physical phenomena can occur when a charged particle is incident upon a solid target, e.g., elastic scattering, inelastic energy-loss processes, secondary-electron emission, electromagnetic radiation, nuclear reactions, etc.
A collision cascade (also known as a displacement cascade or a displacement spike) is a set of nearby adjacent energetic (much higher than ordinary thermal energies) collisions of atoms induced by an energetic particle in a solid or liquid.
The CSDA range is a very close approximation to the average path length traveled by a charged particle as it slows down to rest, calculated in the continuous-slowing-down approximation.
Energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS, EDX, EDXS or XEDS), sometimes called energy dispersive X-ray analysis (EDXA) or energy dispersive X-ray microanalysis (EDXMA), is an analytical technique used for the elemental analysis or chemical characterization of a sample.
Gaseous ionization detectors are radiation detection instruments used in particle physics to detect the presence of ionizing particles, and in radiation protection applications to measure ionizing radiation.
The Geiger counter is an instrument used for detecting and measuring ionizing radiation used widely in applications such as radiation dosimetry, radiological protection, experimental physics and the nuclear industry.
The Geiger–Müller tube or G–M tube is the sensing element of the Geiger counter instrument used for the detection of ionizing radiation.
Hans Henrik Andersen (May 1, 1937 in Frederiksberg, Denmark – November 3, 2012) was a Professor at the Niels Bohr Institute at the University of Copenhagen (emeritus since 2004).
Helmut Paul (born November 4, 1929 in Vienna; died December 21, 2015 in Linz) was an Austrian nuclear and atomic physicist.
The index of physics articles is split into multiple pages due to its size.
The index of physics articles is split into multiple pages due to its size.
Interatomic potentials are mathematical functions for calculating the potential energy of a system of atoms with given positions in space.
An ion is an atom or molecule that has a non-zero net electrical charge (its total number of electrons is not equal to its total number of protons).
Ion implantation is low-temperature process by which ions of one element are accelerated into a solid target, thereby changing the physical, chemical, or electrical properties of the target.
The ionization chamber is the simplest of all gas-filled radiation detectors, and is widely used for the detection and measurement of certain types of ionizing radiation; X-rays, gamma rays, and beta particles.
Ionizing radiation (ionising radiation) is radiation that carries enough energy to liberate electrons from atoms or molecules, thereby ionizing them.
Lead shielding refers to the use of lead as a form of radiation protection to shield people or objects from radiation so as to reduce the effective dose.
In dosimetry, linear energy transfer (LET) is the amount of energy that an ionizing particle transfers to the material traversed per unit distance.
Lowell S. Brown (born 1934) is an American theoretical physicist, a retired Staff Scientist and Laboratory Fellow at Los Alamos National Laboratory, and Professor Emeritus of physics at University of Washington.
MIP may refer to.
MIPS may refer to.
The muon (from the Greek letter mu (μ) used to represent it) is an elementary particle similar to the electron, with an electric charge of −1 e and a spin of 1/2, but with a much greater mass.
Neutron depth profiling (NDP) is a near-surface analysis technique that is commonly used to obtain profiles of concentration as a function of depth for certain technologically important light elements in nearly any substrate.
Nuclear reaction analysis (NRA) is a nuclear method in materials science to obtain concentration vs.
Particle radiation is the radiation of energy by means of fast-moving subatomic particles.
Particle therapy is a form of external beam radiotherapy using beams of energetic protons, neutrons, or positive ions for cancer treatment.
Phycobilisomes are light harvesting antennae of photosystem II in cyanobacteria, red algae and glaucophytes.
The proportional counter is a type of gaseous ionization detector device used to measure particles of ionizing radiation.
This article deals with Radiation damage due to the effects of ionizing radiation on physical objects.
In physics, the radiation length is a characteristic of a material, related to the energy loss of high energy, electromagnetic-interacting particles with it.
Radiation materials science describes the interaction of radiation with matter: a broad subject covering many forms of irradiation and of matter.
Radiation protection, sometimes known as radiological protection, is defined by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) as "The protection of people from harmful effects of exposure to ionizing radiation, and the means for achieving this".
In passing through matter, charged particles ionize and thus lose energy in many steps, until their energy is (almost) zero.
Rutherford backscattering spectrometry (RBS) is an analytical technique used in materials science.
A scintillator is a material that exhibits scintillation—the property of luminescence, when excited by ionizing radiation.
Sputtering is a process whereby particles are ejected from a solid target material due to bombardment of the target by energetic particles, particularly gas ions in a laboratory.
Stopping and Range of Ions in Matter (SRIM) is a group of computer programs which calculate interaction of ions with matter; the core of SRIM is a program Transport of ions in matter (TRIM).
Swift heavy ions are a special form of particle radiation for which electronic stopping dominates over nuclear stopping.
The threshold displacement energy T_d is the minimum kinetic energy that an atom in a solid needs to be permanently displaced from its lattice site to a defect position.
Walter Henry Barkas (2 September 1912 – 28 March 1969) was Professor of Physics at the University of California, Riverside from 1965 on.