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A Better World (ABW) is an organization that is based in Lacombe, Alberta, Canada.
A History of the World in 100 Objects was a joint project of BBC Radio 4 and the British Museum, comprising a 100-part radio series written and presented by British Museum director Neil MacGregor.
A propósito de Sudán is a 2009 documentary film directed by Lidia Peralta and Salah Elmur.
A Soldier's Farewell is the third episode of the fifth series of the British television sitcom Dad's Army that was originally transmitted on 20 October 1972.
Anthony John Arkell (29 July 1898 – 26 February 1980), known as A. J. Arkell, was a British archaeologist and colonial administrator noted for his work in the Sudan and Egypt.
Abraham Michael Rosenthal (May 2, 1922 – May 10, 2006), also known as Abe Rosenthal, served as The New York Times Executive Editor (1977–1988), having served previously as the City Editor and Managing Editor, before becoming a columnist (1987–1999) and New York Daily News columnist (1999–2004).
Amir Ageeb or Aamir Ageeb (c. 1969 – May 28, 1999) was a Sudanese who was killed while resisting deportation from Germany, leading to a lawsuit against the involved officers.
Aba Island is an island on the White Nile to the south of Khartoum, Sudan.
The Aba roundleaf bat (Hipposideros abae), also known as the Aba leaf-nosed bat is a species of bat in the family Hipposideridae.
In the Kongo language, Abada refers to a mythical animal similar to a unicorn.
JSC "Abakan-Avia" (ЗАО «Авиакомпания «Абакан-Авиа») was a national airline of Khakassia based in Abakan, Russia.
Abantis bismarcki, Bismarck's paradise skipper, is a butterfly in the Hesperiidae family.
Abantis nigeriana, the Nigerian paradise skipper, is a butterfly in the Hesperiidae family.
Abar was a Nubian queen of the Kingdom of Kush dated to the Twenty-fifth Dynasty of Egypt.
The Abara River, also known as Abara Khawr, is a stream in Jonglei, South Sudan.
Abéché (Arabic: أبشي, ʾAbishī) is the 4th largest city in Chad, the capital of Ouaddaï Region.
Abba Siddick (25 December 1924 – 1 December 2017) was a Muslim Chadian politician and revolutionary born in what was the Oubangui-Chari French colony (today Central African Republic).
Abbas Helmy I of Egypt (also known as Abbas Pasha, عباس الأول, I. 1 July 181213 July 1854) was the Wāli of Egypt and Sudan.
Abbas II Helmy Bey (also known as ‘Abbās Ḥilmī Pasha, عباس حلمي باشا) (14 July 1874 – 19 December 1944) was the last Khedive (Ottoman viceroy) of Egypt and Sudan, ruling from 8 January 1892 to 19 December 1914.
Al-‘Abbas ibn ‘Abd al-Muttalib (العباس بن عبد المطلب) (c.568 – c.653 CE) was a paternal uncle and Sahabi (companion) of Muhammad, just three years older than his nephew.
Abbas Koty Yacoub (1952, cnrdutchad.com.–October 22, 1993, U.S. Department of State.) was a Chadian political figure and rebel leader.
Abbās Mahmūd al-Aqqād (عباس محمود العقاد; 28 June 1889 – 12 March 1964) was an Egyptian journalist, poet and literary critic,, Encyclopædia Britannica Online.
El-Hadj Abbo Nassour Abdoulaye Sabre (b. 1927, Kapka, d. 1982) was a Chadian politician.
Abby, originally named Amy, is a fictional character played by Ciara Janson in a series of audio plays produced by Big Finish Productions based on the long-running British science fiction television series Doctor Who.
Sayyid Abd al-Rahman al-Mahdi, KBE (عبد الرحمن المهدي) (15 July 1885 – 24 March 1959) was one of the leading religious and political figures during the colonial era in the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan (1898–1955), and continued to exert great authority as leader of the Neo-Mahdists after Sudan became independent.
Abd Almoniem Rahama (عبدالمنعم رحمه) born in Hasahisa (a city between Khartoum and Wad Madani), is a Sudanese author, poet and human rights activist Sooner he became a known figure participating culture events in both Khartoum and Madani in the 1980s.
Abd an-Nabi Abd al-Qadir Mursal (عبد النبي عبد القادر مرسال;1918–1962) was a Sudanese poet and politician of Shilluk origin.
Abdel Gadir Salim (عبد القادر سالم.) is a folk singer and bandleader from Sudan.
Abd ul-Hamid Musa Madibbo (عبد الحميد موسى ماديبو) was a Sudanese politician.
Abdalelah Haroun Hassan (عبد الإله هارون; born 1 January, 1997) is a Qatari track and field sprinter.
Abdalla Abdelgadir (born 12 September 1988) is a Sudanese middle distance runner who specializes in the 1500 metres.
Abdalla Eltayeb (2 June 1921 – 19 June 2003) was a prominent Sudanese scholar of the Arabic language.
Abdalla Targan (born 28 September 1996) is a Sudanese middle distance runner.
Abdallah Bakr Mustafa (عبد الله بكر مصطفى), O.B.E. was a Sudanese officer and politician.
Abdallah Banda Abakaer Nourain, commonly referred to as Abdallah Banda, was the Commander-in-Chief of the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) Collective-Leadership, one of the components of the United Resistance Front.
Sayed Abdallah Khalil (عبد الله خليل) was a prominent Sudanese politician who served as the second Prime Minister of Sudan.
Abdallah Muhammed at-Tom (عبد الله محمد التوم) was a Sudanese politician.
Abdullah Ibn-Mohammed Al-Khalifa or Abdullah al-Khalifa or Abdullahi al-Khalifa, also known as "The Khalifa" (c.; 1846 – November 25, 1899) was a Sudanese Ansar ruler who was one of the principal followers of Muhammad Ahmad.
Abdel Aziz El Mubarak (عبد العزيز المبارك, born in Wad Madani in 1951) is a popular Sudanese singer.
Abdel Fattah Saeed Hussein Khalil el-Sisi (عبد الفتاح سعيد حسين خليل السيسي,; born 19 November 1954) is an Egyptian politician who is the current sixth President of Egypt, in office since 2014.
Abdel Halim Muhammad (10 April 1910 – 16 April 2009) was a Sudanese doctor.
Abdel Moneim Mustafa Hussein (عبدالمؤمن مصطفى حسين) (born 1952) is a former Sudanese football player and manager, and the technical director for Confederation of African Football (CAF) since 1993.
Abdel Rahim Mohammed Hussein (1949 – present) (عبد الرحيم محمد حسين) is a Sudanese politician and the current Governor of Khartoum State.
Field Marshal Abdel Rahman Suwar al-Dahab (otherwise known as Suwar al-Dahab or al-Dahab; born 1935) (عبد الرحمن سوار الذهب) was the President of Sudan from 6 April 1985, to 6 May 1986.
Abdelaziz Adam Al-Hilu is a Sudanese politician and the current chairperson of the Sudan People's Liberation Army SPLA-North He is considered one of the most successful SPLA/M commanders in the history of the SPLA and worked with South Sudan's Leader John Garang in an aim to create a Sudan that is democratic, fair and free to all Sudanese population.
Abdelhameed Amarri (عبد الحميد السعودي)is a Sudanese football striker.
Abdelkader Laïfaoui (born July 29, 1981, in Hussein Dey, Algiers) is an Algerian international retired footballer.
Abdelmahmood Abdelhaleem Mohamad is a Sudanese diplomat.
Abdelrahman Isaac Karongo (born 28 November 1978) is a Sudanese international footballer who plays for Al-Merreikh, as a striker.
Abdelwahid Aboud Mackaye (born 1953) is a Chadian insurgent leader involved in the war to topple the Chadian President Idriss Déby.
The Abdim's stork (Ciconia abdimii), also known as white-bellied stork, is a black stork with grey legs, red knees and feet, grey bill and white underparts.
Abdul Raheem Glailati ('Abd al-Rahman Qalilat) was a renowned Sudanese poet, author and newspaper editor.
Ustad Abdul Rab Rasul Sayyaf (عبد رب الرسول سياف, born 1946, Paghman Valley, Afghanistan) is an Afghan former mujahideen and current politician.
Abdul-Haleem Ismail Al-Mutaafi is the Minister of Agriculture and Irrigation of Sudan.
Abdul-Rahman Othman (عبد الرحمن عثمان; born 10 February 1942) is a Sudanese politician.He is now Minister of Oil and Gas.
Abdulcadir Gabeire Farah (1955 – September 21, 2015) was a Somalian-born Polish historian and social activist.
Abdullah Ahmed Abdullah (عبدالله أحمد عبدالله; born approximately 1963), known as Abu Mohammed al-Masri, is an Egyptian high-ranking member of al-Qaeda.
William Henry Quilliam (10 April 1856 – 23 April 1932), who changed his name to Abdullah Quilliam and later Henri Marcel Leon or Haroun Mustapha Leon, was a 19th-century convert from Christianity to Islam, noted for founding England's first mosque and Islamic centre.
Abdullah Tabarak Ahmad (عبدالله تبارك أحمد) (Guantanamo detainee ID is 56) is a citizen of Morocco, held in extrajudicial detention in the United States Guantanamo Bay detainment camps, in Cuba.
Lawrence Robert Shreve (born January 11, 1941), better known by the ring name Abdullah the Butcher, is a semi-retired Canadian professional wrestler.
Abdullahi Ahmed An-Na'im (Arabic: عبد الله أحمد النعيم) (born in 1946) is a Sudanese-born Islamic scholar who currently lives in the United States and teaches at Emory University.
Abdullahi Mohammad Ahmad Hassan (عبد الله محمد أحمد حسن) (born January 1928) is a veteran Sudanese politician who was a member of parliament, a government minister and diplomat.
Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed (Cabdullaahi Yuusuf Axmed, عبدالله يوسف أحمد‎; 15 December 1934 – 23 March 2012) was a Somali politician and former Colonel in the Somali National Army.
The Abdus Salam Medal (Official:Abdus Salam Medal for Science and Technology), is an award presented by TWAS, the academy of sciences for the developing world in Trieste.
Abed Elrahim Abu Zakrra or AbuZikreea (عبد الرحيم ابو ذكري, born Abed Elrahim Ahmed Abed Elrahim, 1943 – December 1989) was a Sudanese writer, poet, and translator.
Abedin Mahdavi (born October 30, 1981, in Tehran) is Freelance Photojournalism, International Reporter subjecting war children and crisis, Director and a Human rights activist regarding international Peace.
Khamas Hallab is a small town in the desert of North Kurdufan, Sudan approximately 50 kilometres east of En Nahud.
Abel Alier Kwai (born 1933) is a South Sudanese politician and judge who served as Vice President of Sudan between 1971 and 1982 and as President of the High Executive Council of the Southern Sudan Autonomous Region between 1972 and 1978.
Abidiya is a town near the Nubian Desert in River Nile (state) of north-east Sudan.
Abiemnom County (or Biemnom) is an administrative area in the extreme northwest of Ruweng State, South Sudan.
The Aboakyire festival is a bushbuck hunting festival celebrated by the people of Winneba in the Central Region of Ghana.
The Aboke abductions were the kidnapping of 139 secondary school female students from St.
Abortion in Iran has been the subject of internal controversy for many years.
Abortion law permits, prohibits, restricts, or otherwise regulates the availability of abortion.
Abousfian Abdelrazik or Abu Sufian Abd Al-Razziq (أبو سفيان عبدالرازق) is a Sudanese-born Canadian dual citizen.
Abraham Afewerki (30 January 1966 – 7 October 2006) was an Eritrean singer, songwriter and music producer.
Abraham Kipchirchir Rotich (born 26 June 1993) is a Kenyan-born Bahraini middle-distance runner.
Abri is a small town, in the Sudanese wilayat of the Northern state.
Absa Salla was a Roman and Byzantine-era town in the Roman province of Africa proconsularis (today northern Tunisia).
Nazih Abdul-Hamed Nabih al-Ruqai'i,نزيه عبد الحميد نبيه الرقيعي Libyan pronunciation: known by the alias Abu Anas al-Libi (ابو أنس الليبي Libyan pronunciation:; 30 March 1964 – 2 January 2015), was a Libyan under indictment USA v. Usama bin Laden et al., Center for Nonproliferation Studies, Monterey Institute of International Studies in the United States for his part in the 1998 United States embassy bombings.
Abu Gamra is a town in Sudan.
Abu Hamad (Arabic: أبو حمد), also spelt 'Abu Hamed', is a town of Sudan on the right bank of the Nile, 345 mi by rail north of Khartoum.
Abu Khaybar is an individual held in Iraq who is a suspected militant.
Abu Simbel (أبو سمبل) is a village of about 2600 inhabitants in Nubia, southern Egypt, near the border with Sudan.
The Abu Simbel temples are two massive rock temples at Abu Simbel (أبو سمبل), a village in Nubia, southern Egypt, near the border with Sudan.
Abu Taha Al-Sudan (also Abu Talha al-Sudani or Tariq Abdullah) was a suspected member of Al Qaeda terrorist organization, reported to be an explosives expert.
Mustafa Hamid (Arabic: مصطفى حامد, born March 1945 in Minya al-Qamh, Sharqia Governorate, Egypt), also known as Abu Walid al Masri (أبو وليد المصري) and Hashim al-Makki (هاشم المكّي), is a journalist who in the 1980s fought as an Islamic jihad volunteer during the Soviet war in Afghanistan.
Abubaker Kaki Khamis (born 21 June 1989) is a Sudanese runner who specializes in the 800 metres.
An abugida (from Ge'ez: አቡጊዳ ’abugida), or alphasyllabary, is a segmental writing system in which consonant–vowel sequences are written as a unit: each unit is based on a consonant letter, and vowel notation is secondary.
Al Bashir ibn Salim al-Harthi (البشير بن سالم الحارثي) (executed 15 December 1889) was a wealthy merchant and plantation owner of Omani Arab / Oromo parentage who is known for the Abushiri Revolt against the German East Africa Company in present-day Tanzania.
Abushneib (أبوشنيب is a relatively big village or a small town located in the northern area of al-Gezira province, about 90 km south of Khartoum the capital of Sudan, and 100 km north west Wad-Madani, the capital of al-Gezira province. The village lies at the southern side of a main water channel (called "al-kanar" and likely an altered word of “canal”) which flows from the main irrigation source; the River Nile at Abu-Ushar. The canal is intended to irrigate the surrounding cultivated land plots affiliating to al-Gezira Project. The village is also called “Hillat al-Sheikh al-Tayyib” after the name of the religious figure: al-Sheikh al-Tayib wad-haj al-Siddiq wad-Badr, or ((wad-al-Sayeh)). The late Al-Shaeikh al-Tayib was well known in Sudan and some Muslim countries not only for his leading role in propagating the teachings of Islam in the region, but also for building more than 130 mosques or religious institutes in the various areas of Sudan, including Khartoum the capital. Though he originally comes from Al-Badr, who settled earlier in Umdhawan-ban and in Ummarahi, he opted to be buried in Abushneib. His tomb is regularly visited by thousands of followers from all parts of Sudan in Eid al-Fitr and annual obituary occasions.
The Abyei Area (أبيي) is an area of in Sudan accorded "special administrative status" by the 2004 Protocol on the Resolution of the Abyei Conflict (Abyei Protocol) in the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) that ended the Second Sudanese Civil War.
Abyei (also spelled Abyēy; أبيي) is a north-south border town currently in the Abyei Area that is disputed by Sudan and South Sudan.
The Abeyi Liberation Front was a guerrilla organization in Sudan, active in the Abyei region of South Kordofan in the early 1980s.
The Abyei status referendum is a delayed referendum that was originally due to be held in 2011 in which the residents of Abyei can decide either to remain part of the Sudanese South Kordofan region or to become part of the Bahr el Ghazal region of South Sudan.
The Abyssinian genet (Genetta abyssinica), also known as the Ethiopian genet, is a genet species native to Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia, Sudan, and Djibouti.
The Abyssinian hare (Lepus habessinicus) is a species of mammal in the family Leporidae.
The Abyssinian white-eye or white-breasted white-eye (Zosterops abyssinicus) is a small passerine bird belonging to the genus Zosterops in the white-eye family Zosteropidae.
Acacia auriculiformis, commonly known as auri, earleaf acacia, earpod wattle, northern black wattle, Papuan wattle, and tan wattle, akashmoni in Bengali, is a fast-growing, crooked, gnarly tree in the family Fabaceae.
Academy of Engineering Sciences (formerly shortened to AES)(Arabic: أكاديمية العلوم الهندسية) is a private University in Khartoum, Sudan.
Acantharctia metaleuca is a moth of the family Erebidae.
Acanthastrea brevis is a vulnerable species of stony coral found in reef habitats at depths of 1–20 m.
The black-necked agama (Acanthocercus atricollis) is a species of tree agama that is native to East, Central and southern Africa.
Achaea phaeobasis is a species of moth of the family Erebidae.
Acidaliastis micra is a moth of the Geometridae family.
Acraea abdera, the Abdera acraea, is a butterfly in the family Nymphalidae.
Acraea acerata, the falls acraea or small yellow-banded acraea, is a butterfly in the family Nymphalidae.
Acraea bonasia, the bonasia acraea, is a butterfly in the family Nymphalidae.
Acraea caecilia, the pink acraea, is a butterfly in the family Nymphalidae.
Acraea chilo is a butterfly in the family Nymphalidae.
Acraea doubledayi is a butterfly in the family Nymphalidae.
Acraea egina, the elegant acraea, is a species of butterfly in the family Nymphalidae.
Acraea encedana, the encedana acraea or Pierre's acraea, is a butterfly in the family Nymphalidae.
Acraea guluensis is a butterfly in the family Nymphalidae.
Acraea insignis, the black-blotched acraea, is a butterfly in the family Nymphalidae.
Acraea jodutta, the jodutta acraea, is a butterfly in the family Nymphalidae.
Acraea johnstoni, or Johnston's acraea, is a butterfly in the family Nymphalidae.
Acraea lycoa, the lycoa acraea, is a butterfly in the family Nymphalidae.
Acraea marnois is a butterfly in the family Nymphalidae.
Acraea neobule, the wandering donkey acraea, is a butterfly of the family Nymphalidae.
Acraea oreas, the black-and-white acraea, is a butterfly in the family Nymphalidae.
Acraea pharsalus, the east African forest acraea or Pharsalus acraea, is a butterfly in the family Nymphalidae.
Acraea pseudolycia is a butterfly in the family Nymphalidae.
Acraea quirina, the common glassy acraea, is a butterfly in the family Nymphalidae.
Acraea sykesi, the Sykes' acraea, is a butterfly in the family Nymphalidae.
Acraea zetes, the large spotted Acraea, is a butterfly in the family Nymphalidae.
Acrocercops bifasciata is a moth of the Gracillariidae family.
The Action of 3 March 2009 took place when the German ''Bremen''-class frigate ''Rheinland-Pfalz '' chased and captured a pirate skiff in the Gulf of Aden, after the persons on board the small vessel fired at and attempted to stop the German-owned tanker MV Courier.
ADD International (Action on Disability and Development), is a UK-based agency fighting for independence, equality and opportunity for disabled people living in poverty in Africa and Asia.
Actizera stellata, the red-clover blue, is a butterfly of the family Lycaenidae.
AD 60 (LX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
AD 70 (LXX) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Ad Damazin (الدمازين) is the capital of Blue Nile State in Sudan.
Ad-damir (الدامر) is the capital of the state of River Nile in Sudan.
Adam Giambrone (born March 8, 1977) is a Canadian politician who was a Toronto City Councillor, representing the southern of two Davenport wards.
Adam Hassan Sakak (آدم حسن سكاك)(born 13 January 1965) is a former Sudanese sprinter who competed in the men's 100m competition at the 1992 Summer Olympics.
The Adamawa Region (Région de l'Adamaoua) is a constituent region of the Republic of Cameroon.
Adanson’s mud turtle (Pelusios adansonii) is a species of turtle in the family Pelomedusidae.
Adansonia digitata, the baobab, is the most widespread of the Adansonia species, and is native to the African continent.
Adé is a city in the Kimiti department of the Sila (or Dar Sila) region in southeastern Chad.
The addax (Addax nasomaculatus), also known as the white antelope and the screwhorn antelope, is an antelope of the genus Addax, that lives in the Sahara desert.
The Addis Ababa Agreement, also known as the Addis Ababa Accord, was a set of compromises within a 1972 treaty that ended the First Sudanese Civil War (1955–1972) fighting in Sudan.
Adel Alexander Darwish (عادل درويش) is a Westminster-based British political journalist, a veteran Fleet Street reporter, author, historian, broadcaster, and political commentator.
Adel Hassan Hamad is a citizen of Sudan, who was held in the United States Guantanamo Bay detention camp, in Cuba.
The Adelaide 36ers, also known as the Sixers, are an Australian professional men's basketball team that competes in the National Basketball League (NBL).
Adelpherupa elongalis is a moth in the Crambidae family.
Adelpherupa flavescens is a species of moth of the Crambidae family.
Adenium obesum is a species of flowering plant in the dogbane family, Apocynaceae, that is native to the Sahel regions, south of the Sahara (from Mauritania and Senegal to Sudan), and tropical and subtropical eastern and southern Africa and Arabia.
Adi Al Bitar (عدي البيطار) (7 December 1924 – 4 March 1973) was a judge, a legal advisor and lawyer who worked all over the Middle East.
Adil Abdel Aati (عادل عبد العاطي) (full name Adil Mohamed Abdelaati Idries, born February 4, 1966) is a Sudanese political and public figure who was the leader of Liberal Party of Sudan and CEO of Harambi Foundation.
Adisu Massala (אדיסו מאסלה, አዲሱ መሰለ Addīsū Messele, born 16 June 1961) is an Israeli politician.
Administrative Zone 3 is a former administrative subdivision of the Ethiopian Region of Gambela.
Adnan Hassan Mansour (عدنان حسن منصور; born 5 January 1946) is a Lebanese diplomat, politician and the former minister of foreign affairs and emigrants.
Adré (Arabic: أدري) is the main town of the Assoungha department in the Ouaddaï Region of Chad.
Adut Akech Bior (born December 25, 1999) is a Sudanese-Australian model.
Advance was an English-language weekly newspaper published in Sudan in the 1960s.
A.I.M. (Advanced Idea Mechanics) is a fictional organization of villains and supervillains appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics.
Adventuress Wanted is a documentary film starring Thomas McAlevey and Yoshiko Kino.
Aedes apicoargenteus is an African mosquito species, first described as Stegomyia apicoargentea from specimens collected in Ashanti, Ghana.
Aedes furcifer was named in 1913 as a nomen novum for nigra Theobald.
Aedes luteocephalus is an African species that is a demonstrated or suspected vector of several important arboviral diseases of humans.
Aeolian processes, also spelled eolian or æolian, pertain to wind activity in the study of geology and weather and specifically to the wind's ability to shape the surface of the Earth (or other planets).
Aeschynomene elaphroxylon, also known as an ambatch, pith tree or balsa wood tree, is a common large shrub to small tree of the genus Aeschynomene in the Fabaceae family.
Aeshna rileyi, the Riley's hawker, is a species of dragonfly in the family Aeshnidae.
Aethalopteryx nilotica is a moth in the Cossidae family.
Aethalopteryx obsolete is a moth in the Cossidae family.
Affad 23 is an African archaeological site located in alluvial deposits formed by an ancient channel of the Nile in the Affad District of Southern Dongola in northern Sudan.
Afitti (also known as Dinik, Ditti, or Unietti) is a language spoken on the eastern side of Jebel el-Dair, a solitary rock formation in the North Kordofan province of Sudan.
Afitti is an ethnic group in North Kurdufan in Sudan.
AFR100 (African Forest Landscape Restoration Initiative) is an international partnership between African nations, financial interests both donor and business, technical organizations, and local interests which aims to restore more than 100 million hectares of land in Africa by 2030.
Aframomum corrorima is a species in the ginger family, Zingiberaceae.
Africa is the world's second largest and second most-populous continent (behind Asia in both categories).
Africa Action is a nonprofit organization that is based in Washington, D.C., working to change U.S.–Africa relations to promote political, economic and social justice in nations of Africa.
The Africa Cataract Project (ACP) is a mission of Turkish NGO IHH in Africa to prevent blindness.
Africa Confidential is a fortnightly newsletter covering politics and economics in Africa.
The Total Africa Cup of Nations, officially CAN (Coupe d'Afrique des Nations), also referred to as African Cup of Nations, or AFCON, is the main international association football competition in Africa.
Africa Day (formerly African Freedom Day and African Liberation Day) is the annual commemoration of the foundation of the Organisation of African Unity (OAU) (now known as the African Union) on 25 May 1963.
In 1994, the Rwandan Genocide unfolded before the world’s eyes and with it, several hundred thousand people were murdered in the heart of Africa.
The Africa Inland Mission was founded in Kenya in 1885 and later moved to the Democratic Republic of Congo.
Established in 1895, Africa Inland Mission (AIM) is a nondenominational Christian mission organisation focusing on Africa and islands in the Indian Ocean.
Africa One was a privately owned pan-African airline.
The Africa Star is a military campaign medal, instituted by the United Kingdom on 8 July 1943 for award to subjects of the British Commonwealth who served in the Second World War, specifically in North Africa between 10 June 1940 and 12 May 1943 inclusive.
Canada – Africa relations are relations between Canada and the peoples and countries of the African continent.
Economic relations between China and Africa, one part of more general Africa–China relations, began centuries ago and continue through the present day.
Sino-African relations refers to the historical, political, economic, military, social and cultural connections between China and the African continent.
Africalpe intrusa is a moth of the Noctuidae family.
B.L.A.C. Detroit magazine is operated by Metro Parent Publishing Group, a Ferndale, Mich.-based company that produces family-focused publications, Web content, events and television segments, and owned by a group of Detroit area business leaders.
African art describes the modern and historical paintings, sculptures, installations, and other visual culture from native or indigenous Africans and the African continent.
African Australians are Australians of African ancestry.
African Bible University (Uganda) (ABU), is a private Christian university in Uganda founded and owned by African Bible Colleges.
The African Carom Confederation (ACC) is the African continental federation for carom billiards.
The African chameleon or Sahel chameleon (Chamaeleo africanus) is a species of chameleon native to the Sahel and Nile Valley, with an introduced population present in Greece.
The African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis, also known as the xenopus, African clawed toad, African claw-toed frog or the platanna) is a species of African aquatic frog of the family Pipidae.
The African Contingency Operations Training and Assistance (ACOTA) program, formerly the African Crisis Response Initiative (ACRI), is a United States program to train military trainers and equip African national militaries to conduct peace support operations and humanitarian relief.
The African Convention on the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (known also as Algiers Convention) is a continent-wide agreement signed in 1968 in Algiers.
The African cuckoo (Cuculus gularis) is a species of cuckoo in the family Cuculidae.
Traditionally, the various cuisines of Africa use a combination of locally available fruits, cereal grains and vegetables, as well as milk and meat products, and do not usually get food imported.
The African diaspora consists of the worldwide collection of communities descended from Africa's peoples, predominantly in the Americas.
African divination is divination practiced by cultures of Africa.
African empires is an umbrella term used in African studies to refer to a number of pre-colonial African kingdoms in Africa with multinational structures incorporating various populations and polities into a single entity, usually through conquest.
The African firefinch (Lagonosticta rubricata), also called the dark firefinch or blue-billed firefinch due to the color of its bill, is a common species of estrildid finch found in almost all parts of Africa.
The African forest elephant (Loxodonta cyclotis) is a forest-dwelling species of elephant found in the Congo Basin.
The African Free Trade Zone (AFTZ) is a free trade zone announced at the EAC-SADC-COMESA Summit on 22 October 2008 by the heads of Southern African Development Community (SADC), the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) and the East African Community (EAC).
The African golden wolf (Canis anthus), also known as the golden wolf or African wolf, is a canid native to north and northeastern Africa.
The African grass rat (Arvicanthis niloticus) is a species of rodent in the family Murinae.
The African Groundnut Council is an Intergovernmental organization designed to promote groundnuts produced in the countries of the Gambia, Mali, Niger, Senegal, the Sudan and Nigeria.
The African helmeted turtle (Pelomedusa subrufa), also known commonly as the marsh terrapin, the crocodile turtle, or in the pet trade as the African side-necked turtle, is a species of omnivorous side-necked terrapin in the family Pelomedusidae.
The African hobby (Falco cuvierii) is a small species of bird of prey in the family Falconidae.
African immigrants in Europe are either born in Africa or are of African descent but live in Europe.
African immigration to the United States refers to immigrants to the United States who are or were nationals of modern African countries.
The African leopard (Panthera pardus pardus) is the leopard nominate subspecies native to many countries in Africa.
The African meningitis belt is a region in sub-Saharan Africa where the rate of incidence of meningitis is very high.
African military systems to 1800 refers to the evolution of military systems on the African continent prior to 1800, with emphasis on the role of indigenous states and peoples.
The African Monetary Union is the proposed creation of an economic and monetary union for the countries of the African Union, administered by the African Central Bank.
The African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM) is a mutually agreed instrument voluntarily acceded to by the member states of the African Union (AU) as a self-monitoring mechanism.
Map of states belonging to the APPA as of June 2009. African Petroleum Producers Association, APPA (Association des pays africains producteurs de pétrole in French, Associação de Produtores de Petróleo Africanos in Portuguese and رابطة منتجي النفط الأفريقية in Arabic) is an organisation of African countries producing petroleum.
The African pipit (Anthus cinnamomeus) is a fairly small passerine bird belonging to the pipit genus Anthus in the family Motacillidae.
African Sanctus is a 1972 choral Mass and is the best-known work of British composer and ethnomusicologist David Fanshawe.
The African savanna hare (Lepus microtis) is a species of mammal in the family Leporidae, native to Africa.
Most African sculpture was historically in wood and other organic materials that have not survived from earlier than at most a few centuries ago; older pottery figures are found from a number of areas.
The African sheath-tailed bat (Coleura afra) is a species of sac-winged bat in the family Emballonuridae found in Angola, Benin, the Central African Republic, the Republic of the Congo, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ivory Coast, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Madagascar, Mozambique, Nigeria, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, and Yemen.
The African spurred tortoise (Centrochelys sulcata), also called the sulcata tortoise, is a species of tortoise, which inhabits the southern edge of the Sahara desert, in Africa.
The African Standby Force (ASF) (French: Force africaine en attente) is an international, continental African, and multidisciplinary peacekeeping force with military, police and civilian contingents that acts under the direction of the African Union.
The African Telecommunications Union (ATU) is an organization in Africa that combines countries and mobile telecommunications providers in an attempt to dramatically increase development of the continent's information and communication technology (ICT) infrastructure.
The African Theatre of World War I describes campaigns in North Africa instigated by the German and Ottoman empires, local rebellions against European colonial rule and Allied campaigns against the German colonies of Kamerun, Togoland, German South West Africa and German East Africa which were fought by German Schutztruppe, local resistance movements and forces of the British Empire, France, Belgium and Portugal.
The African Union (AU) is a continental union consisting of all 55 countries on the African continent, extending slightly into Asia via the Sinai Peninsula in Egypt.
The African Union Mission in Sudan (AMIS) was an African Union (AU) peacekeeping force operating primarily in the country's western region of Darfur with the aim of performing peacekeeping operations related to the Darfur conflict.
The African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) is an active, regional peacekeeping mission operated by the African Union with the approval of the United Nations in Somalia.
The African wild ass or African wild donkey (Equus africanus) is a wild member of the horse family, Equidae.
The African wildcat (Felis lybica), also called Near Eastern wildcat is a wildcat species that lives in Northern Africa, the Near East and around the periphery of the Arabian Peninsula.
The Africanis is a landrace of Southern African dogs.
Afrixalus weidholzi is a species of frogs in the family Hyperoliidae.
Afro Turks are people of Zanj (Bantu) descent in Turkey.
African-Asian Rural Development Organization (AARDO) formed in 1962, is an autonomous inter-governmental organization comprising 15 African members and 15 Asian members.
The history of Afro-Brazilian people spans over five centuries of racial interaction between Africans imported, involved or descended from the effects of the Atlantic slave trade.
Afro-Costa Ricans are Costa Ricans of African ancestry.
Afro-Romanians are Black people, those people of African descent, who have migrated to and settled in Romania.
Afro-textured hair is the natural hair texture of certain populations in Africa, the African diaspora, Oceania and Asia.
The term Afroasiatic Urheimat refers to the hypothetical place where speakers of the proto-Afroasiatic language lived in a single linguistic community, or complex of communities, before this original language dispersed geographically and divided into separate distinct languages.
The Afrobarometer is a pan-African, independent, non-partisan research network that measures public attitudes on economic, political, and social matters in Africa.
Afrocanthium is a genus of flowering plants in the family Rubiaceae.
The AfroNubians were a world music band based in Toronto.
Afrotyphlops schlegelii, commonly known as Schlegel's beaked blind snakeBranch, Bill (2004).
Afrowatsonius fulvomarginalis is a moth of the family Erebidae.
Afrowatsonius sudanicus is a moth of the family Erebidae.
The aftermath of the Libyan Civil War has been characterized by marked change in the social and political order of Libya after the overthrow and killing of Muammar Gaddafi in the Libyan Civil War.
The aftermath of the Houthi takeover in Yemen refers to developments following the Houthis' takeover of the Yemeni capital of Sana'a and dissolution of the government, which eventually led to a civil war and the Saudi Arabian-led intervention in Yemen.
Afzelia africana (also called Afzelia, Lenke, Lengue, Apa, or Doussi) is a tree species in the Fabaceae family.
The Aga Khan Award for Architecture (AKAA) is an architectural prize established by Aga Khan IV in 1977.
The Agag gerbil (Gerbillus agag) is distributed mainly in southern Mauritania to northern Nigeria and Sudan.
The Agaw or Central Cushitic languages are spoken by small groups in Ethiopia and, in one case, Eritrea.
Agdistis arabica is a moth in the Pterophoridae family.
The age of consent is the age below which a minor is considered to be legally incompetent to consent to sexual acts.
The age of majority is the threshold of adulthood as recognized or declared in law.
ACTED (French: Agence d'Aide à la Coopération Technique Et au Développement), formerly 'Agency for Technical Cooperation and Development', is a French humanitarian NGO established in 1993.
The age of consent in Africa for sexual activity varies by jurisdiction across the continent.
Aggrey Jaden Ladu (1924, 1927, or 1928 — 1985 or 1987) was a Sudanese politician, from the Pojulu ethnic group, known for promoting the independence of South Sudan from Sudan.
Aglossa aglossalis is a species of snout moth in the genus Aglossa.
Aglossosia chrysargyria is a moth of the family Arctiidae.
Agnes Regina Murei Abuom is a Kenyan Christian organizational worker who has served as moderator of the Central Committee of the World Council of Churches (WCC) since 2013.
Anna Maria Agnes van Ardenne-Van der Hoeven (born 21 January 1950) is a retired Dutch politician and diplomat of the Christian Democratic Appeal (CDA) who served as Minister of Development Cooperation from 22 July 2002 to 22 February 2007.
Agnieszka Brugger (née Malczak, born 8 February 1985 in Legnica, Poland) is a German politician (Alliance 90/The Greens) of Polish origin.
This border skirmish during the Heglig Crisis, was an armed confrontation between South Sudanese and Sudanese soldiers.
Agordat (ኣቆርዳት, أغوردات; also Akordat or Ak'ordat) is a city in Gash-Barka, Eritrea.
In the early 1990s, agriculture and livestock raising were the main sources of livelihood in Sudan for about 61 percent of the working population.
Agriocnemis gratiosa is a species of damselfly in the family Coenagrionidae.
Agriocnemis inversa is a species of damselfly in the family Coenagrionidae.
The AgroEurasia International Agriculture Fair (Avrasya Tarim) is one of the largest agricultural exhibitions in Eurasia.
Ahfad University for Women is a private women's university in Omdurman, Sudan.
Ahmad al-Bakkai al-Kunti (1803 in the Azawad region north of Timbuktu – 1865 in Timbuktu) was a West African Islamic and political leader.
Ahmad al-Qurashi or Ahmed El-Gorashy Taaha Arabic (1942–October 1964) known also as El-shaheed (or Martyr) El-Gorashy, born in El-Garrassa village close to El-Mannaqel town, Al Jazirah State of Sudan was a student in Khartoum University killed by police force in October 1964 at the time of a huge uprising which known by Thoraat October or October Revolution, which led to overthrown of the Ibrahim Abboud military regime.
Ahmad Allam-Mi (born 1948, United Nations press release, BIO/4019, 8 September 2008.) is a Chadian diplomat who has been Secretary-General of the Economic Community of Central African States since 2013.
Ahmad Ibn Idris al-Araishi al-Alami al-Idrisi al-Hasani (1760–1837) was a Sunni Islamic scholar, jurist and Sufi, active in Morocco, the Hejaz, Egypt, and Yemen.
Ahmad Salama Mabruk (الشيخ أحمد سلامة مبروك; December 8, 1956 – October 3, 2016), known as Abu Faraj al-Masri (أبو الفرج المصري), was a senior leader in the Syrian militant group Jabhat Fateh al-Sham, and was previously a leader in Jabhat al-Nusra and the Egyptian Islamic Jihad militant groups.
Ahmad Surkati (احمد بن محمد السركتي.;;; born 1875 CE) was the founder of the organization Jam'iyat al-Islah wa Al-Irsyad al-Arabiyah (Arab Association for Reform and Guidance), which later transformed into Jam'iyat al-Islah wal Irsyad al-Islamiyyah, which is more commonly called as al-Irshad in Batavia, August 1915.
Ahmat Acyl (1944–1982) was a Chadian Arab insurgent leader during the Chadian Civil War.
Ahmed Abdallah Mohamed Sambi (أحمد عبدالله محمد سامبي, born 5 June 1958) is a Comorian Islamic leader and politician, and former President of Comoros.
Ahmed Adam (born August 24, 1987) is a Sudanese swimmer.
Ahmed Akaïchi (أحمد العكايشي; born 23 February 1989 in Bizerte, Tunisia) is a professional footballer.
Ahmad Ali Al-Mirghani (أحمد الميرغني; 16 August 1941 – 2 November 2008) was the Head of State of Sudan from May 6, 1986, to June 30, 1989, when the democratically elected government was toppled by a military coup led by the current President Omar al-Bashir.
*For Al-Salawi, the author of al-Istiqsa see Ahmad ibn Khalid al-Nasiri Ahmad ibn Mohammed ibn Nasir al-Salawi (1791 in Sale – 1840 in Sudan) was a Maliki scholar, Sufi teacher and writer, who played an important role in Sudan during the reign of the colonial Turkish-Egyptian administration.
Ahmed Ali (born 15 November 1993) is a Sudanese sprinter.
Lt. Gen. Ahmed Awad Ibn Auf (born ~1954) (أحمد عوض بن عوف) is a Sudanese general and politician.
Ahmad Ibrahim Diraige is the former governor of the Sudanese province of Darfur and current head of the National Redemption Front alliance of rebel groups in the Darfur conflict.
Ahmed El Merghany (born 24 May 1988) (أحمد المرغني) is a Sudanese-born Egyptian footballer.
Ahmed El Basha (born January 2, 1982) is a Sudanese football defender who plays for Al-Merreikh.
Ahmed Fatehi (Arabic: أحمد فتحي) (born 25 January 1993) is a Qatari footballer.
Ahmed Hassan Mekky (born 20 April 1987) is an Egyptian footballer.
Ahmed Hassan Musa (died 1979) was a Chadian insurgent who participated to the first phase of the Chadian Civil War.
Ahmed Hassanein Pasha, KCVO, MBE (31 October 1889 – 19 February 1946) or Aḥmad Moḥammad Makhlūf Ḥasanēn al-Būlākī was an Oxford-educated Egyptian courtier, diplomat, Olympic athlete in fencing, photographer, writer, politician, legendary geographic explorer, tutor then chamberlain to King Farouk.
Ahmed Khairy (أحمد خيري; born 1 October 1987) is an Egyptian footballer who currently plays as a midfielder for El Mokawloon SC of Egypt.
Ahmed Musa Jouda (born 20 May 1957) is a retired Sudanese long-distance runner who specialized in the 10,000 metres.
Ahmed Sary (Arabic أحمد ساري); (born August 20, 1968), is an Egyptian former football striker.
Ahmedou Ould-Abdallah (أحمدو ولد عبد الله) (born November 21, 1940) is a Mauritanian diplomat who was a senior United Nations official.
Aidan Zammit was born in Sliema, Malta and has lived in Italy since 1985.
Ain Farah is an archaeological site in Darfur in western Sudan.
Air Bissau was the national airline of Guinea-Bissau, operating services from its base at Osvaldo Vieira International Airport in Bissau.
Air Libya is a privately owned airline based in Benghazi, Libya.
Air Tchad, or Air Chad, was a Chadian airline that operated domestic and regional services, as well as charter flights to neighbouring countries in Central and West Africa and charter cargo services to France, Italy and Saudi Arabia.
Air Transport Command (ATC) was a United States Air Force unit that was created during World War II as the strategic airlift component of the United States Army Air Forces.
Air Transport Wing 62 (Lufttransportgeschwader 62) is a wing of the German Air Force (Luftwaffe).
Air transports for heads of state and government are, in many countries, provided by the air force in specially equipped airliners or business jets.
Air West is an airline based in Khartoum, Sudan.
This is a list of airline codes.
AirScan, Inc. is a private military company that specializes in airborne surveillance and security.
Airwork Limited, also referred to during its history as Airwork Services Limited, is a wholly owned subsidiary company of VT Group plc.
Aisha Musa Ahmad (ʾAyša Mūsā Aḥmad;, Discogs. Retrieved 4 November 2016. 1905 – 24 February 1974), better known as Aisha al-Falatiya (عائشة الفلاتية), was a Sudanese singer.
Akhbar ul-Usbu'a (أخبار الأسبوع, 'News of the Week') was a weekly newspaper published in Sudan between 1966 and 1970.
Akhmim (أخميم,; from Egyptian: Khent-min ; Sahidic Ϣⲙⲓⲛ) is a city in the Sohag Governorate of Upper Egypt.
The Akkari-Laban dossier (ملف عكّاري لبن) is a 43-page document which was created by a group of Danish Muslim clerics from multiple organizations set out to present their case and ask for support in the Jyllands-Posten Muhammad cartoons controversy.
Akobo County is a county in South Sudan.
The Akobo River is a river on the border between South Sudan and Ethiopia.
Akobo is a town in South Sudan.
Akol Miyen Kuol (born in 1974) is a South Sudanese journalist, author and poet.
Akram El Hadi Salim (born 27 February 1987) is a Sudanese international footballer who plays for Al-Merreikh, as a goalkeeper.
Aksha is an ancient Egyptian temple, rebuilt in part at the National Museum of Sudan in Khartoum.
Aksumite currency was coinage produced and used within the Kingdom of Aksum (or Axum) centered in present-day Eritrea and the Tigray Region of Ethiopia.
Al-Ahli Club (النادي الأهلي الرياضي) also known as Al Ahli Khartoum is a football club from Khartoum, Sudan.
Al Ahram Al Arabi is an Arabic political weekly magazine published in Egypt.
Al Amarat (''' العمارات '''. / transliterated) Al Amarat is a Sudanese neighborhood, is a large neighborhood within Khartoum State and Khartoum city, one of the most prestigious neighborhoods in Khartoum city.
Al Baraka Banking Group is a Bahraini banking corporation based in Manama, Bahrain.
Established in 1990 to work in the field of prevention and eradication/controlling of blindness & blinding diseases, Al-Basar International Foundation مؤسسة البصر الخيرية العالمية (executive office in Saudi Arabia) is a non-profitable, non-political, international NGO, registered in many countries.
Al Dabbah Airport is an airport serving the town of Al Dabbah in Sudan.
Al Dabbah (also known as Ed Debba, El Debba, El Debbah or Ed Debbah) is a town on the river banks of the Nile, which is served by the Al Dabbah Airport.
Al Fashir University is a public university in Al-Fashir, the capital city of North Darfur, Sudan.
Al J Venter is a South African war journalist, documentary filmmaker, and author of more than forty books who also served as an Africa and Middle East correspondent for Jane's International Defence Review.
Al Jabalayn (also El Jebelein) is a town in central Sudan lying on the east bank of the River Nile.
Al Jazeera, owned by the government of Qatar, is currently one of the largest news organizations in the world, with 80 bureaus around the globe, which produce extensive news coverage online and via TV channels in a number of languages, including Arabic and English.
Al Khartoum Al Watani Sports Club is a football club based in Khartoum, Sudan.
Al Mansheiya Bridge is a bridge that links the capital Khartoum and the industrial city Khartoum North across the Blue Nile in central Sudan.
Al Mirghani Educational Sport Club (نادي الميرغني للتربية الرياضية) is a Sudanese football club based in Kassala.
Al Neel Sports Club (نادي النيل الرياضي) also known as Al Neel Al-Hasahisa is a Sudanese football club based in Al-Hasahisa.
Al Neel Sports Club (نادي النيل الرياضي) also known as Al Neel Al-Khartoum is a Sudanese football club based in Khartoum, it was founded in 1934.
Al Noor City (مدينة النور) is a pair of proposed twin cities which would be part of a mega project to link Asia and Africa by building a transcontinental bridge over the Red Sea.
Al Qadarif, also spelt Gadaref or Gadarif, is one of the 18 wilayat or states of Sudan.
Al-Rabita Sports Club (نادي الرابطة الرياضي) also known as Al-Rabita Kosti is a Sudanese football club based in Kosti.
The Al-Shamal Islamic Bank of Khartoum, founded in 1983, is one of the major financial institutions of Sudan, and one of the leading Islamic banks worldwide.
Al Sutton MD (December 7, 1933) is a human rights activist, presently dedicated to ending the ongoing racist genocide in Sudan.
Al-Ahli Club of Atbara (النادي الأهلي عطبرة) is a football club from Atbara, Sudan.
Al-Ahli Sports Club (النادي الأهلي الرياضي) also known as Al-Ahli Wad Medani is a football club in Wad Medani, Sudan.
Al-Ahly Shendi Club (نادي الأهلي شندي) is a football (soccer) club from Sudan based in Shendi.
Al-Akhdam, Akhdam or Achdam ("the servants," singular Khadem, meaning "servant" in Arabic; also called Al-Muhamasheen, "the marginalized ones") is a minority social group in Yemen.
The Al-Damazin Farms, about south-east of Khartoum, Sudan, was an "enormous" farm owned and run by Osama bin Laden.
Al Fashir, Al-Fashir or El Fasher (الفاشر) is the capital city of North Darfur, Sudan.
Al-Fulah is a town in West Kordofan State in Sudan and is the capital of the state.
Al Hilal Educational Club (نادي الهلال للتربية) also known as Al Hilal for a short, is a Sudanese football club.
Al-Hilal Educational Sport Club (نادي الهلال للتربية البدنية) also known as Hilal Al-Fasher is a football club from Al-Fasher, Sudan.
El Hilal Sports Club El Obeid or simply El Hilal El Obeid is a Sudanese sports club established in 1931 based in Al-Ubayyid (El Obeid).
Al-Hilal Sports Club (نادي الهلال الرياضي) also known as Hilal Kadougli is a football club from Kadougli, Sudan.
Al-Hilal Stadium (ملعب الهلال) is a multi-use stadium, located in Omdurman, Khartoum State, Sudan.
Al-Irshad Al-Islamiya Association (Jam'iyat al-Ishlah wal Irshad al-Islamiyya) is an organization in Indonesia engaged in the educational and religious activities.
Al-Ittihad Sports Club (نادي الاتحاد الرياضي) also known as Ittihad Wad Madani is a Sudanese football club based in Wad Madani.
Al-Meragh is an archaeological site in Sudan.
Al-Merreikh Al-Thagher Sport Club (نادي مريخ الثغر الرياضي) also known as Merreikh Port Sudan is a football club in Port Sudan, Sudan.
Al-Merreikh Sports Club (نادي المريخ الرياضي) also known as Merreikh Al-Fasher is a football club from Al-Fasher, Sudan.
Al-Merrikh Sporting Club (نادي المريخ الرياضي) is a Sudanese football club based in Omdurman.
Al-Merrikh Stadium, also known as the Red Castle, is a multi-use stadium in Omdurman, Sudan, used mostly for football matches and also sometimes for athletics.
The Al-Mogran Development Project is an over $4 billion development project undertaken by the Alsunut Development Company that seeks to develop several thousand acres in downtown Khartoum along the spot where the White Nile and Blue Nile merge to form the Nile.
Al-Mourada Sports Club (نادي الموردة الرياضي) is a Sudanese football club based in Al-Mourada, a suburb of Omdurman.
Al-Mushahid Al-riyadiya is a newspaper in Sudan.
Abū Tamīm Ma‘ad al-Mustanṣir bi-llāh (أبو تميم معد المستنصر بالله.‎; July 5, 1029 – January 10, 1094) was the eighth caliph of the Fatimid Caliphate from 1036 until 1094.
Al-Nesoor Sports Club (نادي النسور الرياضي) is a Sudanese football club based in Omdurman Capital.
Al-Nilin Mosque (or The Mosque of the two Niles مسجد النيلين) is a mosque in Omdurman, Sudan.
Al-Qaeda has conducted operations and recruited members in Africa.
Al-Rayaam (الرأي العام meaning Public Opinion) is the oldest newspaper in Sudan.
Al Sadda (in Arabic الصدى meaning The Echo) is a daily sports newspaper published in Sudan.
Al-Saddiq Al-Raddi, الصادق الرضي, born January 1969 in Omdurman, Sudan, is a Sudanese writer and poet.
Al-Sahafa (in Arabic الصحافة meaning The Press) is an Arabic daily newspaper published in Sudan.
Al-Salihiyya (الصالحية) was a Palestinian Arab village of the Ghawarina tribe, depopulated during the 1948 War on May 25, 1948, by the Israeli Palmach.
Harakat al-Shabaab al-Mujahideen (HSM; حركة الشباب المجاهدين,; Xarakada Mujaahidiinta Alshabaab, lit. "Mujahideen Youth Movement" or "Movement of Striving Youth"), more commonly known as al-Shabaab (lit), is a jihadist fundamentalist group based in East Africa.
Al-Shamali Athletic Club is a Sudanese football club based in Atbara.
Al-Shaykh Saad (الشيخ سعد ash-Shaykh Saʿad; also Romanized Sheikh Saad; also called Karnaim or Dair Ayyub which means "The Monastery of Job") is a town in southern Syria, administratively part of the Daraa Governorate, located northwest of Daraa on the Syrian-Jordanian borders.
The Al-Shifa (الشفاء, Arabic for "healing") pharmaceutical factory in Khartoum North, Sudan, was constructed between 1992 and 1996 with components imported from Germany, India, Italy, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand and the United States.
Al-Sudani (in Arabic السوداني, meaning The Sudani) is an Arabic daily newspaper in Sudan.
Al-Tahir Agha was a Turkish ruler sent to govern a province of Sudan, Al-Getaina, which was in the Ottoman Empire's domain, in the late 18th century.
Al-Taka Sports Club (نادي التاكا الرياضي) also known as Al-Taka Kassala is a Sudanese football club based in Kassala.
A secondary school in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, the Al-Thager Model School (مدارس الثغر النموذجية, the name roughly is "The Haven"Coll 143) is a two-story building that used to house both primary and secondary grades, as well as residential dormitories on the second level.
Al-Tijani Yusuf Bashir (1912–1937) was a Sudanese poet who wrote in Arabic.
("The Oasis") is an immersion-based Arabic-language camp for students between the ages of 7 and 18 associated with Concordia Language Villages.
Al-Zubayr Rahma Mansur (الزبير رحمة منصور) (also Sebehr Rahma, Rahama ZobeirHake, Alfred Egmont. "", 1884.) was a slave trader in the late 19th century.
Ala'a Eldin Yousif (born January 3, 1982) is a Sudanese footballer who currently plays for the Sudanese club Al-Merrikh in the Sudanese Premier League.
Alaena subrubra is a butterfly in the family Lycaenidae.
Alain Destexhe (born 19 June 1958) is a Belgian liberal politician.
Alamal Sports Club Atbara (نادي الأمل الرياضي عطبره) is a Sudanese football club based in Atbara.
The Alamein Memorial is a Commonwealth War Graves Commission war memorial in the El Alamein War Cemetery, El Alamein, Egypt.
Alan Bones is a Canadian diplomat.
General Sir Alan Gordon Cunningham (1 May 1887 – 30 January 1983) was a senior officer of the British Army noted for his victories over Italian forces in the East African Campaign during World War II.
Alan Tindal Lennox-Boyd, 1st Viscount Boyd of Merton, CH, PC, DL (18 November 1904 – 8 March 1983) was a British Conservative politician.
Alan Scott (2 March 1936 – 26 January 2009) was a blacksmith and baking traditionalist who designed and built brick ovens and coauthored a book promoting their use for cooking breads and pizza.
Alan Waller Woodruff CMG OBE (27 June 1916 - 12 Oct. 1992) was a British medical doctor, an expert on tropical diseases.
Albania–Egypt relations refer to current and historical relations between Albania and Egypt.
Albanian (shqip, or gjuha shqipe) is a language of the Indo-European family, in which it occupies an independent branch.
The Albanians (Shqiptarët) are a European ethnic group that is predominantly native to Albania, Kosovo, western Macedonia, southern Serbia, southeastern Montenegro and northwestern Greece, who share a common ancestry, culture and language.
Alcohol, also known by its chemical name ethanol, is a psychoactive substance or drug that is the active ingredient in alcoholic beverages such as beer, wine, and distilled spirits (hard liquor).
Alcohol laws are laws in relation to the manufacture, use, influence and sale of alcohol (also known formally as ethanol) or alcoholic beverages that contains ethanol.
Aldo Deng is a former Sudanese politician and father of several professional basketball players.
Aldrovanda vesiculosa, commonly known as the waterwheel plant, is the sole extant species in the flowering plant genus Aldrovanda of the family Droseraceae.
Alemungula is a traditional mancala game played by the people living along the border of Ethiopia and Sudan.
Alestes baremoze, the pebbly fish or silversides, is a species of characin fish from the freshwater systems of northern and western Africa.
Alexander William Lowndes "Alex" de Waal (born 22 February 1963), a British writer and researcher on African issues, is the executive director of the World Peace Foundation at the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy at Tufts University.
Father Alex Zanotelli born August 26, 1938, Livo, Trentino (Italy) is a member of the Combonian missionaries in Verona.
Alexander Ferdinand Koenig (20 February 1858 – 16 July 1940) was a German naturalist and zoologist.
Alexander Mactier Pirrie FRAI (1882–1907) was a promising early 20th century Scottish anthropologist.
Alexander Edward Murray, 8th Earl of Dunmore VC, DSO, MVO, DL (22 April 1872 – 29 January 1962), known by the courtesy title Viscount Fincastle until 1907, was a British soldier and politician.
Alexander Gamal Radwan (born 30 August 1964 in München) is a German politician.
Siddig El Tahir El Fadil El Siddig Abderrahman Mohammed Ahmed Abdel Karim El Mahdi (صدّيق الطاهر الفاضل الصدّيق عبدالرحمن محمد أحمد عبدالكريم المهدي; born 21 November 1965) is a British-Sudanese actor.
Sir Alexander John Dickson Stirling (20 October 1927 – 16 July 2014) was a British diplomat who was the UK's first ambassador to Bahrain, later ambassador to Iraq, Tunisia and Sudan.
Sir Alexander Stuart KCMG (21 March 1824 – 16 June 1886) was Premier of New South Wales from 5 January 1883 to 7 October 1885.
Count Alexandre de Lesseps (born 20 May 1949) is an entrepreneur, and pioneer of micro financing in developing countries.
Alfisols are a soil order in USDA soil taxonomy.
Alfred Edmund Brehm (2 February 1829 in Unterrenthendorf, now called Renthendorf – 11 November 1884 in Renthendorf) was a German zoologist, writer, director of zoological gardens and the son of Christian Ludwig Brehm, a famous pastor and ornithologist.
Admiral Sir Alfred Wyndham Paget, (26 March 1852 – 17 June 1918) was a Royal Navy officer who became Senior Officer, Coast of Ireland Station.
Alfred Smith VC (18616 January 1932) was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.
Alfred Taban Logune (born 1957, Kajokeji) is a South Sudanese broadcast journalist.
Algazira Stadium, also spelled Al-Jazeera Stadium, is a multi-use stadium in Wad Madani, Sudan.
Algeria (الجزائر, familary Algerian Arabic الدزاير; ⴷⵣⴰⵢⴻⵔ; Dzayer; Algérie), officially the People's Democratic Republic of Algeria, is a sovereign state in North Africa on the Mediterranean coast.
The Algeria A' national football team (منتخب الجزائر لكرة القدم للمحليين) is the local national football team of Algeria and is open only to domestic league players.
The Algeria national football team represents Algeria in association football and is controlled by the Algerian Football Federation.
This page is a list of all the matches that Algeria national football team has played between 2000 and 2009.
This is the Algeria national football team 2009.
Algerian–Iranian relations refer to the relationship between the People's Democratic Republic of Algeria and the Islamic Republic of Iran.
Algeria–Libya relations are longstanding between the two neighbouring North African Maghreb states, although they are considerably strained by tensions between the revolutionary National Transitional Council (NTC) of Libya, and the single-party autocracy of President Abdelaziz Bouteflika of Algeria.
Algeria–Saudi Arabia relations refer to diplomatic and economic relations between the People's Democratic Republic of Algeria and Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
Algeria–South Sudan relations is the relationship between two states, Algeria and South Sudan, both are two African countries.
Algeria-Sudan relations refers to the historical and current relationship between two African Arab countries, Algeria and Sudan.
ELhaj Adam Yousif (also spelled al-Haj Adam Youssef) was the Second Vice President of Sudan from September 13, 2011 to December 7, 2013.
Alhoria, or Al Horia, and possibly Ajaraz Al Horia is a newspaper based out of Khartoum, Sudan.
Alhurra (الحرة,The pronunciation differs depending on the variety of Arabic, for example,. "the Free One") is a United States-based public Arabic-language satellite TV channel that broadcasts news and current affairs programming to audiences in the Middle East and North Africa.
Ali Abd al-Latif (علي عبد اللطيف) was a prominent Sudanese nationalist who served as a key member of the White Flag League and played a prominent role in the 1924 Khartoum revolt.
Ali Ahmed Karti (علي أحمد كرتي) (born 27 October 1953) is a Sudanese politician.
Ali Akbar Rashad (born 1955) is an Iranian philosopher and Islamic scholar who pioneered the Ibtina Theory, a theory for explaining the process and mechanism of "religious knowledge" formation.
Ali Al Jallawi (in Arabic علي الجلاوي born in 1975 in Manama, Bahrain) is a poet, researcher, and writer.
Ali Birra (አሊ ቢራ.; Ali Birraa. born September 29, 1947) is an Ethiopian singer, composer, poet and nationalist.
Ali El-Maak (علي المك, full name Ali Muhammad Ali El-Maak (13 February 1937-October 1992) is a Sudanese writer known for his short stories.
Haydar Hassan Haj Al-Sidig known as Ali Gagarin (born in Omdurman) is a former Sudanese footballer who played with Al-Hilal Club.
Ali Muhammad Ali Abd-Al-Rahman, commonly known as Ali Kushayb, is a senior Janjaweed commander supporting the Sudanese government against Darfur rebel groups, and currently is sought under an arrest warrant by the International Criminal Court (ICC) for war crimes.
Ali M. El-Agraa (born 1 January 1941 in Wad Medani, Sudan) is an economist.
Ali Mohd Younes Idriss (born 15 September 1989) is a Sudanese athlete specialising in the high jump.
Ali Mohsen Al-Moraisi (علي محسن المريسي) (died 1994) was Yemen’s greatest football player, and the first to ply his trade in the Egyptian league with Arab giants Zamalek in the 1960s.
Ali Osman Alhaj (علي عثمان; born 1958 in Omdurman, Sudan- deceased February 16, 2017 in Cairo) was a Sudanese composer of contemporary classical music.
Ali Osman Mohammed Taha (علي عثمان محمد طه, also transliterated "Othman" or "Uthman") is a Sudanese politician who was First Vice President of Sudan from July 2011 to December 2013.
Ali wad Hilu (died 25 November 1899) was one of the three Kalifas or lieutenants of Muhammad Ahmad (1844-1885), who styled himself the Mahdi, the others being Muhammad Sharif and 'Abd Allah ibn Muhammad.
Alice Christiana Gertrude Meynell (née Thompson; 11 October 184727 November 1922) was an English writer, editor, critic, and suffragist, now remembered mainly as a poet.
Aligider (علي غدير) is located ten kilometers to the west of Teseney in the country of Eritrea.
Aliyah (עֲלִיָּה aliyah, "ascent") is the immigration of Jews from the diaspora to the Land of Israel (Eretz Israel in Hebrew).
The Jewish aliyah from Ethiopia, or the immigration of ethnically and religiously Jewish Ethiopians to Israel, began during the mid-1970s, during which the majority of the Beta Israel community emigrated to Israel.
AbdelKarim AlKabli (عبد الكريم الكابلي) is a Sudanese singer, poet, composer, songwriter and humanitarian known for his songs with themes of love, passion, nationalism, Sudanese culture and folklore.
All Saints' Cathedral, Cairo was consecrated in 1988 and is the home of the Episcopal/Anglican Diocese of Egypt with North Africa and the Horn of Africa.
Sir Allen William Young, (12 December 1827–20 November 1915) was an English master mariner and explorer, best remembered for his role in Arctic exploration including the search for Sir John Franklin.
The Alliance of Revolutionary Forces of West Sudan was formed on January 20, 2006, when the Justice and Equality Movement and the Sudan Liberation Movement merged to form a single rebel alliance in the Sudanese region of Darfur.
The Allied Democratic Forces (Forces démocratiques alliées; abbreviated ADF) is a rebel group in Uganda and the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), and is considered a terrorist organisation by the Ugandan government.
Many nations and organisations are considered to be allies of Iran.
Allium alibile is a plant species native to Ethiopia, Sudan and Saudi Arabia.
Allium spathaceum, the Ethiopian onion, is a plant species native to Ethiopia, Eritrea, Djibouti, Somalia and Sudan.
Almere is a planned city and municipality in the province of Flevoland, Netherlands, bordering Lelystad and Zeewolde.
Almoez Ali Zainalabiddin Abdulla (المعز علي زين العابدين عبد الله) (born 19 August 1996) is a Qatari football player who plays for Al-Duhail in Qatar Stars League as a forward.
Almorada (''' الموردة '''. / transliterated) is an ancient district in Omdurman city, Khartoum State, Sudan.
Almourada Stadium is the home stadium of Almourada.
Alms for Jihad: Charity and Terrorism in the Islamic World is a 2006 book co-written by American authors J. Millard Burr, a former USAID relief coordinator in Sudan, and historian Robert O. Collins which discusses the role of Islamic charities in financing terrorism.
AlMughtaribeen University (formally shorted to MU) or Expatriate University (Arabic:جامعة المغتربين) is a private university located in Khartoum, Sudan.
Aloa moloneyi is a moth of the family Erebidae.
Aloba Arch is the name of a natural arch located in Chad.
Alodia, also referred to as Alwa or Aloa, was a medieval Nubian kingdom in what is now central and southern Sudan.
Aloe secundiflora is an aloe widespread in open grassland and bushland in Ethiopia, Sudan, Kenya, and Tanzania.
Aloe sinkatana is a small, stemless Aloe native to Sudan.
Aloe vera is a succulent plant species of the genus Aloe.
Alpenus nigropunctatus is a moth of the family Erebidae.
Alpenus schraderi is a moth of the family Erebidae.
Alpenus wichgrafi is a moth of the family Erebidae.
The table below lists the independent aircraft Flights of the Royal Flying Corps and Royal Air Force which were given Alphabetical designations.
Alsarah (Arabic: السارة)(born 1982), is a Sudanese-American singer, songwriter, and ethnomusicologist.
Aluck Akech Mabior (born February 8, 1994), known as Aluck Akech (Aweil, South Sudan), also spelled as Aluk Akec in Dinka language, is a South Sudanese professional footballer who plays for Sudanese club Al-Merreikh SC.
This is a list of alumni and former students of the American University of Beirut.
The Alzaiem Alazhari University (جامعة الزعيم الأزهري) located in Khartoum North, Sudan.
Am Dafok is a settlement in the Vakaga prefecture of Central African Republic (CAR).
Amany Asfour is a businessperson from Egypt.
Amanitore (c. 50 CE) was a Nubian Kandake (queen) of the ancient Kushitic Kingdom of Meroë, which also is referred to as Nubia in many ancient sources.
Amara, usually distinguished as Amara East and Amara West, is the modern name of an ancient Egyptian city in Nubia, in what today is Sudan.
Amata shoa is a moth of the family Erebidae.
Amata tomasina is a moth of the family Erebidae.
Amauris hecate, the dusky Danaid, scarce monk or black friar, is a species of butterfly of the family Nymphalidae.
Amauris tartarea, the monk or dusky friar, is a butterfly in the family Nymphalidae.
Amédée-François Lamy was a French military officer.
The diplomats serving as ambassadors of the United States of America to individual nations of the world, to international organizations, and ambassadors-at-large change regularly for various reasons, such as reassignment or retirement.
Ambigol was a 19th-century settlement on the Nile River in Sudan.
Amdang (also Biltine; autonym: sìmí amdangtí) is a language closely related to Fur, which together constitute a branch of the Nilo-Saharan language family.
The Andang (Amdang) are an ethnic minority of Chad and Sudan.
Amdjereme (أم جيريم) is a village in Chad.
The Amelia Peabody series is a series of twenty historical mystery novels and one non-fiction companion volume written by Egyptologist Barbara Mertz (1927-2013) under the pen name Elizabeth Peters.
Amer Kamal (born 13 September 1987 in Sudan) is Sudanese footballer who plays for Al-Merreikh SC in Sudanese Premier League.
Since 2007, the United States have targeted militant groups linked to al-Qaeda within Somalia.
The American Anti-Slavery Group (AASG) is a non-profit coalition of abolitionist organizations that engages in political activism to abolish slavery in the world.
The American Museum of Natural History (abbreviated as AMNH), located on the Upper West Side of Manhattan, New York City, is one of the largest museums in the world.
The American Refugee Committee (ARC) is an international nonprofit, nonsectarian organization that has provided humanitarian assistance and training to millions of beneficiaries over the last 30 years.
The American Swedish Historical Museum is the oldest Swedish-American museum in the United States.
Amerila vitrea is a moth of the family Arctiidae.
Amhara (Amharic: አማራ) is one of the nine ethnic divisions (kililoch) of Ethiopia, containing the homeland of the Amhara people.
Amietophrynus maculatus — commonly known as Hallowell's toad, the flat-backed toad, and the striped toad — is an African member of Bufonidae, the true toad family.
The African common toad (Amietophrynus regularis), also known as the square-marked toad, African toad, Egyptian toad, African bouncing toad (due to the bouncing motion) and Reuss's toad, is a species of toad in the family Bufonidae.
Amietophrynus steindachneri is a species of toad in the family Bufonidae.
Amir Damar Koku (born 8 December 1979 in Khartoum, Sudan) is a Sudanese footballer who plays central defender.
Amir Kamal (born 13 September 1987) is a Sudanese professional footballer who currently plays as a defender for Al-Merrikh SC.
Amir Taj al-Sir (Arabic: أمير تاج السر) (born 1960) is a Sudanese novelist, writing in Arabic.
Ammar Mohammed Mahmoud is a Sudanese diplomat, Currently serving as Sudan’s Deputy Permanent Representative to the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-Habitat) in Nairobi, Kenya.
Amar Ramadan Abdel Aziz (born February 5, 1977 in Sudan) is a Sudanese football defender.
Ammocharis is a small genus from sub-Saharan Africa, in the Amaryllidaceae family (subfamily Amaryllidoideae) which includes seven species distributed in Africa.
An ammunition technical officer (ATO) is an officer involved in all aspects of the army's use of ammunition.
Amnesty International (commonly known as Amnesty or AI) is a London-based non-governmental organization focused on human rights.
Amnesty International New Zealand is a part of the Amnesty International network, an international nonprofit organisation working to end human rights abuses.
Amnesty International South Africa (AI SA) is a South African organisation that works to end human rights abuses along with its affiliate organization Amnesty International.
Amnesty International USA (AI USA) is one of many country sections that make up Amnesty International worldwide.
Ampelocissus africana is a type of vine that is woody, or liana of the grape family, bearing edible fruit.
Amr Al Faisal (Arabic: عمرو الفيصل) is a Saudi businessman, columnist, architect and a member of House of Saud.
Amri is an Arabic ethnic group of Sudan.
Amsacta latimarginalis is a moth of the family Erebidae.
Amun (also Amon, Ammon, Amen; Greek Ἄμμων Ámmōn, Ἅμμων Hámmōn) was a major ancient Egyptian deity who appears as a member of the Hermopolitan ogdoad.
Amy Toensing is an American photojournalist who is known for her intimate essays about the lives of ordinary people.
An anabranch is a section of a river or stream that diverts from the main channel or stem of the watercourse and rejoins the main stem downstream.
Anabwani (Arabic), the son of Omukama Masamba, was a ruler of Bunyoro in the late seventeenth century.
Anax speratus, the orange emperor, is a species of dragonfly in the family Aeshnidae.
Anax tristis, the black emperor or magnificent emperor, is a species of dragonfly in the family Aeshnidae.
Anchieta's ridged frog or plain grass frog (Ptychadena anchietae) is a species of frog in the family Ptychadenidae.
Ancient Egypt was a civilization of ancient Northeastern Africa, concentrated along the lower reaches of the Nile River - geographically Lower Egypt and Upper Egypt, in the place that is now occupied by the countries of Egypt and Sudan.
Ancient history is the aggregate of past events, "History" from the beginning of recorded human history and extending as far as the Early Middle Ages or the post-classical history.
Ancient Semitic-speaking peoples were West Asian people who lived throughout the Ancient Near East, including the Levant, Mesopotamia, Arabian peninsula, and Horn of Africa from the third millennium BC until the end of antiquity.
Ancylosis brunneella is a species of snout moth in the genus Ancylosis.
Ancylosis costistrigella is a species of snout moth in the genus Ancylosis.
Ancylosis faustinella is a species of snout moth in the genus Ancylosis.
Ancylosis nubeculella is a species of snout moth in the genus Ancylosis.
Ancylosis samaritanella is a species of snout moth in the genus Ancylosis.
Ancylosis yerburii is a species of snout moth in the genus Ancylosis.
Andargachew "Andy" Tsege (Ge'ez: አንዳርጋቸው ጽጌ also known as Andy Tsige or Andy Tsege) is a prominent Ethiopian politician who previously served as the secretary-general of Ginbot 7, a political party labeled as a terrorist group by the Ethiopian government.
Andersen's slit-faced bat (Nycteris aurita) is a slit-faced bat species found in East Africa.
The Andre Felix National Park is a national park found in Central African Republic, contiguous to Radom National Park in Sudan.
Andreas Brandstätter (1959–2006) was a German diplomat.
Sir Andrew Balfour (21 March 1873 – 30 January 1931) was a Scottish Medical Officer who specialised in tropical medicine.
Andrew Felton Brimmer (September 13, 1926 – October 7, 2012) was a noted United States economist, academic, and business leader who was the first African American to have served as a governor of the Federal Reserve System.
Andrew Thomas Cayley, (born 1964), is an English Queens Counsel and currently the United Kingdom's Director of Service Prosecutions.
Andrew Eiva is a human rights activist who helps oppressed people resist occupation and genocide.
Joshua Andrew Koenig ((August 17, 1968 – c. February 16, 2010), was an American character actor, film director, editor, writer, and human rights activist.
Andrew Mwenda (born 1972) is a Ugandan journalist and the founder and owner of The Independent, a current affairs newsmagazine.
Andrew S. Natsios (born September 22, 1949) is an American public servant of Greek origin who has served in a number of Massachusetts and high level federal government positions.
Andrew Marshall Saul (born November 6, 1946) is an American businessman from Katonah, New York who served as the Chairman of the Federal Retirement Thrift Investment Board (FRTIB) and Vice Chairman of the Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA) in New York City, United States.
Andrei Veselovsky (birth: 28 July 1951, Lviv) is a Ukrainian diplomat.
Anerastia is a genus of snout moths.
Anerastia lavatella is a species of snout moth in the genus Anerastia.
Angalifu (pronounced "ang-uh-LEEF-oo"; c. 1970 – December 14, 2014) was a captive northern white rhinoceros held at the San Diego Zoo Safari Park.
The Angami Baptist Church Council (ABCC) is one of the 20 Associations in the Nagaland Baptist Church Council (NBBC).
Angela Atim Lakor (born 1982), also Angela Lakor Atim, is a female Ugandan community activist, who is the co-founder of the Watye Ki Gen (We Have Hope) organisation, which supports former female abductees of the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA).
Angelo Koko Nimir Hussein (Arabic: انجيلو كوكو نمر حسين, born 1947) as a retired middle-distance runner from Sudan.
The Angereb also known as the Bahr as-Salam is a river of Ethiopia and eastern Sudan, and one of the sources of the Nile.
The Anglican Communion is the third largest Christian communion with 85 million members, founded in 1867 in London, England.
The Anglican Communion Primates' Meetings are regular meetings of the primates in the Anglican Communion, i.e. the principal archbishops or bishops of each (often national) ecclesiastical province of the Anglican Communion.
The Anglo-Egyptian Bank was a British overseas bank established in 1864.
The Anglo-Egyptian Darfur Expedition of 1916 was a military operation by British Empire and the Sultanate of Egypt, launched as a preemptive invasion of the Sultanate of Darfur.
The Anglo-Egyptian invasion of Sudan in 1896–1899 was a reconquest of territory lost by the Khedives of Egypt in 1884 and 1885 during the Mahdist War.
The Anglo-Egyptian Sudan (السودان الإنجليزي المصري) was a condominium of the United Kingdom and Egypt in the eastern Sudan region of northern Africa between 1899 and 1956, but in practice the structure of the condominium ensured full British control over the Sudan.
The Anglo-Egyptian Treaty of 1936 (officially, The Treaty of Alliance Between His Majesty, in Respect of the United Kingdom, and His Majesty, the King of Egypt) was a treaty signed between the United Kingdom and the Kingdom of Egypt.
The Anglo-French Convention of 1898, full name the Convention between Great Britain and France for the Delimitation of their respective Possessions to the West of the Niger, and of their respective Possessions and Spheres of Influence to the East of that River, also known as the Niger Convention, was an agreement between Britain and France that concluded the partition of West Africa between the colonial powers by finally fixing the borders in the disputed areas of Northern Nigeria.
The Anglo–Iraqi War (2–31 May 1941) was a British military campaign against the rebel government of Rashid Ali in the Kingdom of Iraq during the Second World War.
The Angolan free-tailed bat (Mops condylurus) is a species of bat in the family Molossidae.
The Angolan fruit bat or Angolan rousette (Lissonycteris angolensis) is a species of megabat in the family Pteropodidae.
Sir Thomas Angus Lyall Paton (10 May 1905 – 7 April 1999) was a British civil engineer from Jersey.
Anmer Hall is a Georgian country house in the village of Anmer in Norfolk, England.
Ann Schlee FRSL (born 1934) is an English novelist.
Anna Margherita Cataldi (born 14 November 1939) is an Italian people humanitarian, journalist, film producer and author of several books.
Annetto Casolani (10 August 1815 - 1 August 1866) was a Maltese prelate who served as the first Apostolic Vicar of Central Africa present day Archdiocese of Khartoum in Sudan.
The Crimean peninsula was annexed from Ukraine by the Russian Federation in February–March 2014.
Annona senegalensis, commonly known as African custard-apple, wild custard apple, and wild soursop, is a species of flowering plant in the custard apple family, Annonaceae.
Annona squamosa is a small, well-branched tree or shrub from the family Annonaceae that bears edible fruits called sugar-apples or sweetsops.
An Annual Dry Season Offensive is a type of low intensity warfare typically practiced by national governments against ethnic insurgent groups fighting for independence or autonomy.
Despite its popular usage, anocracy lacks a precise definition.
Anopyxis klaineana is a species of plant in the Rhizophoraceae family.
Anṣâr (meaning aiders, or patrons) refer to a class of warriors who are renowned for their arsenal of weapons and for their speed and mobility on the battlefield.
The Ansar (أنصار), or followers of the Mahdi, is a Sufi religious movement in the Sudan whose followers are disciples of Muhammad Ahmad (12 August 1844 – 22 June 1885), the self-proclaimed Mahdi.
Ansar al-Tawhid (Arabic: Companions of Monotheism) was a militant Islamic organisation which claimed responsibility for the 2008 murder of United States envoy John Granville in Khartoum, Sudan.
Anseba Region is one of the six administrative regions, located in northern Eritrea.
The Anseba River is a tributary of the Barka River in Eritrea with a length of 346 kilometers.
Antar Yahia (عنتر يحيى, born 21 March 1982) is a retired Algerian professional footballer who played as a defender, and is currently the sporting director of Orléans.
António Vitor Martins Monteiro (born 22 January 1944) is a Portuguese diplomat who served as the minister of foreign affairs from 2004 to 2005.
The anteater chat or northern anteater-chat (Myrmecocichla aethiops) is a species of bird in the family Muscicapidae.It is found in Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Gambia, Kenya, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sudan, and Tanzania.
Anthene crawshayi, Crawshay's hairtail or Crawshay's ciliate blue, is a butterfly in the family Lycaenidae.
Anthene hodsoni, the Hodson's hairtail, is a butterfly in the family Lycaenidae.
Anthene lunulata, the lunulated hairtail and red-spot ciliate blue, is a butterfly in the family Lycaenidae.
Anthene lusones, the large red-spot ciliate blue, is a butterfly in the family Lycaenidae.
Anthene nigeriae, the false hairtail or Nigerian cilaite blue, is a butterfly in the family Lycaenidae.
Anthene wilsoni, the Wilson's hairtail or Wilson's ciliate blue, is a butterfly in the family Lycaenidae.
Anthephora is a genus of plants in the grass family, native to southwest Asia, Africa, the Americas, and various islands.
Anthony Jasmin sometimes Anthony & Jasmin is a Danish pop duo who on 28 March 2014 won season 7 of the Danish version of X Factor in 2014.
Sir Anthony Derrick Parsons (9 September 1922 – 12 August 1996) was a British diplomat, Ambassador to Iran at the time of the Iranian Revolution and Permanent Representative to the UN at the time of the Falklands War.
The Anthropocene is a proposed epoch dating from the commencement of significant human impact on the Earth's geology and ecosystems, including, but not limited to, anthropogenic climate change.
The Anti-Defamation League (ADL; formerly known as the Anti-Defamation League of B'nai B'rith) is an international Jewish non-governmental organization based in the United States.
The Anti-Imperialist Front (الجبهة المعادية للإستعمار) was a political movement in Sudan, founded in 1952.
Piracy in Somalia has been a threat to international shipping since the second phase of the civil war in Somalia in the early 21st century.
The Antilopinae are a subfamily of Bovidae.
In geography, the antipode of any spot on Earth is the point on Earth's surface diametrically opposite to it; the antipodes of a region similarly represent the area opposite it.
Antiwar.com is a libertarian website which describes itself as devoted to "non-interventionism" and as opposing imperialism and war.
Antonio Cassese (1 January 1937 – 21 October 2011) was an Italian jurist who specialized in public international law.
The Antonov An-26 (NATO reporting name: Curl) is a twin-engined turboprop civilian and military transport aircraft, designed and produced in the Soviet Union from 1969 to 1986.
Anuak militants are an armed and organized liberation group belonging to the Anuak of western Ethiopia and Sudan.
The Anuak, also known as the Anyuak, Agnwak and Anywaa, are a Luo Nilotic ethnic group inhabiting parts of East Africa.
Anusha Dandekar (born 9 January 1982) is an Indo-Australian MTV VJ, actress and singer, who is best known as a VJ and a host who has hosted several shows.
Muhammad Anwar el-Sadat (محمد أنور السادات, Egyptian muħæmmæd ˈʔɑnwɑɾ essæˈdæːt; 25 December 1918 – 6 October 1981) was the third President of Egypt, serving from 15 October 1970 until his assassination by fundamentalist army officers on 6 October 1981.
Anywoli is a traditional mancala game played by the Anuak people of the Gambela province, in Ethiopia, as well as in the Akobo, Pochalla and Jokau regions of Sudan.
Aparallactus is a genus of rear-fanged venomous snakes found in Africa.
Aparallactus jacksonii, or Jackson's centipede-eater, is a species of venomous rear-fanged snake in the family Atractaspididae.
Apaturopsis cleochares, the painted empress, is a butterfly in the family Nymphalidae.
Aphnaeus coronae, the crowned highflier, is a butterfly in the family Lycaenidae.
Lamarck's honey bee or the Egyptian honey bee, Apis mellifera lamarckii, is a subspecies of honey bee native to the Nile valley of Egypt and Sudan, named after Jean-Baptiste Lamarck.
Apostasy (ἀποστασία apostasia, "a defection or revolt") is the formal disaffiliation from, or abandonment or renunciation of a religion by a person.
Apostasy in Islam (ردة or ارتداد) is commonly defined as the conscious abandonment of Islam by a Muslim in word or through deed.
Appalachian Regional Airport is a public use airport located eight nautical miles (9 mi, 15 km) east of the central business district of Williamson, a city in Mingo County, West Virginia, United States.
The appendix (or vermiform appendix; also cecal appendix; vermix; or vermiform process) is a blind-ended tube connected to the cecum, from which it develops in the embryo.
Appias phaola, the Congo white, dirty albatross, dirty albatross white or plain albatross, is a butterfly in the Pieridae family.
Appias sylvia, the woodland albatross white or common albatross, is a butterfly in the Pieridae family.
The following events occurred in April 1916.
The following events occurred in April 1965.
A town in central Sudan.
The Arab Academy for Science, Technology & Maritime Transport (الأكاديمية العربية للعلوم والتكنولوجيا والنقل البحري) is a regional university operated by the Arab League which runs programs in marine transportation, business, and engineering.
Arab Americans (عَرَبٌ أَمْرِيكِيُّونَ or أمريكيون من أصل عربي) are Americans of Arab ethnic, cultural and linguistic heritage or identity, who identify themselves as Arab.
The Arab Capital of Culture is an initiative taken by the Arab League under the UNESCO Cultural Capitals Program to promote and celebrate Arab culture and encourage cooperation in the Arab region.
The Arab Cold War (الحرب العربية الباردة al-Harb al-`Arabbiyah al-bārdah) was a series of conflicts in the Arab world between the new republics led by Gamal Abdel Nasser of Egypt and espousing Arab nationalism, Arab socialism, and Pan-Arabism and the more traditionalist kingdoms, led by King Faisal of Saudi Arabia.
The Arab Commission for Human Rights (اللجنة العربية لحقوق الإنسان / Commission Arabe des Droits Humains / ACHR) is an Arab world non-governmental human rights organisation that was founded in 1998.
Arab cuisine (مطبخ عربي) is the cuisine of the Arabs, defined as the various regional cuisines spanning the Arab world, from the Maghreb to the Fertile Crescent and the Arabian Peninsula.
Arab culture is the culture of the Arabs, from the Atlantic Ocean in the west to the Arabian Sea in the east, and from the Mediterranean Sea.
The Arab Deterrent Force (ADF; Arabic: قوات الردع العربية) was an international peacekeeping force created by the Arab League in the extraordinary Riyadh Summit on 17–18 October 1976, attended only by heads of state from Egypt, Kuwait, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, and Syria.
Arab diaspora refers to descendants of the Arab immigrants who, voluntarily or as refugees, emigrated from their native lands to non-Arab countries, primarily in South America, Europe, North America, and parts of South Asia, Southeast Asia, the Caribbean, and West Africa.
Arab identity is the objective or subjective state of perceiving oneself as an Arab and as relating to being Arab.
Arab Indonesians (عرب إندونيسي), or Hadharem (حضارم; sing., Hadhrami, حضرمي), informally known as Jama'ah, are citizens of Indonesia of Arab, mainly Hadhrami, descent.
The Arab League (الجامعة العربية), formally the League of Arab States (جامعة الدول العربية), is a regional organization of Arab states in and around North Africa, the Horn of Africa and Arabia.
Arab League–Iran relations refer to political, economic and cultural relations between the mostly Shia Muslim and ethnically Persian country of Iran (Persia) and the mostly Sunni and ethnically Arab organization Arab League.
The Arab Network for Quality Assurance in Higher Education (ANQAHE) was established in 2007 as a nonprofit nongovernmental organization.
Arab New Zealanders refers to people from Arab countries, particularly Lebanon, Syria, the Palestinian Territories, Iraq, and Jordan and also small groups from Egypt, Algeria, Tunisia, Morocco, Libya, Yemen and Sudan, who emigrated from their native nations and currently reside in New Zealand.
The Arab Open University (AOU) is a non-profit university.
The Arab Press Network (APN) (Place Réseau right la Presse Arabe) is a network of organisations that support and promote the development of the press in the Arab world.
The Arab Reform Initiative (مبادرة الإصلاح العربي), or simply the ARI, is a leading independent think-tank consisting of a network of independent Arab research and policy institutes, with partners from the Middle East, the Maghreb, Europe, South America, and the United States.
The WAGGGS-Arab Region (الإقليم العربي بالجمعية العالمية للمرشدات وفتيات الكشافة) is the divisional office of the World Association of Girl Guides and Girl Scouts, headquartered in Cairo, Egypt.
The Arab Regional Centre for World Heritage (French: centre régional arabe pour le patrimoine mondial; Arabic: المركز الإقليمي العربي للتراث العالمي) is a Category 2 Centre under the auspices of UNESCO.
The Arab Satellite Communications Organization (often abbreviated as Arabsat) is a communications satellite operator in the Arab World, headquartered in the city of Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
The Arab Scout Region (الإقليم الكشفي العربي) also known as the Arab Scout Organization (المنظمة الكشفية العربية) is the divisional office of the World Scout Bureau of the World Organization of the Scout Movement, headquartered in Cairo, Egypt.
The Arab slave trade was the practice of slavery in the Arab world, mainly in Western Asia, North Africa, the Horn of Africa, Southeast Africa and Europe.
The Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party – Organization of Sudan (حزب البعث العربي الاشتراكي - تنظيم في السودان Hizb Al-Ba'ath Al-'Arabī Al-Ishtirākī - Tanẓīm fi Al-Sūdān) is the regional branch of the Damascus-based Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party in Sudan.
The Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party – Region of Sudan (Arabic: حزب البعث العربي الاشتراكي - وطن في السودان Hizb Al-Ba'ath Al-Arabi Al-Ishtiraki - Watan fi Al-Sudan), previously known as the Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party – Country of Sudan, is a political party in Sudan.
The Arab Society for Intellectual Property (ASIP) is a non-profit organization based in Munich established on February 23, 1987 with the purpose of enhancing and developing the protection of the Intellectual Property (IP) system in Arab countries.
The Arab Spring (الربيع العربي ar-Rabīʻ al-ʻArabī), also referred to as Arab Revolutions (الثورات العربية aṯ-'awrāt al-ʻarabiyyah), was a revolutionary wave of both violent and non-violent demonstrations, protests, riots, coups, foreign interventions, and civil wars in North Africa and the Middle East that began on 18 December 2010 in Tunisia with the Tunisian Revolution.
The Arab Towns Organization (ATO) is a network which exists to develop cooperation between Arab cities in order to promote their development, while preserving their Arab identity.
Arabic weddings have changed greatly in the past 100 years.
The Arab world (العالم العربي; formally: Arab homeland, الوطن العربي), also known as the Arab nation (الأمة العربية) or the Arab states, currently consists of the 22 Arab countries of the Arab League.
The Arab Youth Philharmonic Orchestra is the first pan-Arab youth orchestra, created in 2006.
Eritrea is one of the three non-Arab League states that adopt Arabic as an official language, and is the closest to become an Arab League member, with Chad and Israel having numerous problems with the League.
The Arabian bustard (Ardeotis arabs) is a species of bustard which is found across the Sahel region of Africa and south western Arabia.
The Arabian oryx or white oryx (Oryx leucoryx) is a medium-sized antelope with a distinct shoulder bump, long, straight horns, and a tufted tail.
Arabian Sands is a 1959 book by explorer and travel writer Wilfred Thesiger.
The Arabian warbler, Red Sea warbler or Blandford's warbler (Sylvia leucomelaena), is a species of Old World warbler in the family Sylviidae.
The Arabian-Nubian Shield (ANS) is an exposure of Precambrian crystalline rocks on the flanks of the Red Sea.
Arabic (العَرَبِيَّة) or (عَرَبِيّ) or) is a Central Semitic language that first emerged in Iron Age northwestern Arabia and is now the lingua franca of the Arab world. It is named after the Arabs, a term initially used to describe peoples living from Mesopotamia in the east to the Anti-Lebanon mountains in the west, in northwestern Arabia, and in the Sinai peninsula. Arabic is classified as a macrolanguage comprising 30 modern varieties, including its standard form, Modern Standard Arabic, which is derived from Classical Arabic. As the modern written language, Modern Standard Arabic is widely taught in schools and universities, and is used to varying degrees in workplaces, government, and the media. The two formal varieties are grouped together as Literary Arabic (fuṣḥā), which is the official language of 26 states and the liturgical language of Islam. Modern Standard Arabic largely follows the grammatical standards of Classical Arabic and uses much of the same vocabulary. However, it has discarded some grammatical constructions and vocabulary that no longer have any counterpart in the spoken varieties, and has adopted certain new constructions and vocabulary from the spoken varieties. Much of the new vocabulary is used to denote concepts that have arisen in the post-classical era, especially in modern times. During the Middle Ages, Literary Arabic was a major vehicle of culture in Europe, especially in science, mathematics and philosophy. As a result, many European languages have also borrowed many words from it. Arabic influence, mainly in vocabulary, is seen in European languages, mainly Spanish and to a lesser extent Portuguese, Valencian and Catalan, owing to both the proximity of Christian European and Muslim Arab civilizations and 800 years of Arabic culture and language in the Iberian Peninsula, referred to in Arabic as al-Andalus. Sicilian has about 500 Arabic words as result of Sicily being progressively conquered by Arabs from North Africa, from the mid 9th to mid 10th centuries. Many of these words relate to agriculture and related activities (Hull and Ruffino). Balkan languages, including Greek and Bulgarian, have also acquired a significant number of Arabic words through contact with Ottoman Turkish. Arabic has influenced many languages around the globe throughout its history. Some of the most influenced languages are Persian, Turkish, Spanish, Urdu, Kashmiri, Kurdish, Bosnian, Kazakh, Bengali, Hindi, Malay, Maldivian, Indonesian, Pashto, Punjabi, Tagalog, Sindhi, and Hausa, and some languages in parts of Africa. Conversely, Arabic has borrowed words from other languages, including Greek and Persian in medieval times, and contemporary European languages such as English and French in modern times. Classical Arabic is the liturgical language of 1.8 billion Muslims and Modern Standard Arabic is one of six official languages of the United Nations. All varieties of Arabic combined are spoken by perhaps as many as 422 million speakers (native and non-native) in the Arab world, making it the fifth most spoken language in the world. Arabic is written with the Arabic alphabet, which is an abjad script and is written from right to left, although the spoken varieties are sometimes written in ASCII Latin from left to right with no standardized orthography.
The Arabic names of calendar months of the Gregorian calendar are usually phonetic Arabic pronunciations of the corresponding month names used in European languages.
The Arabic script is the writing system used for writing Arabic and several other languages of Asia and Africa, such as Azerbaijani, Pashto, Persian, Kurdish, Lurish, Urdu, Mandinka, and others.
The Arabic Wikipedia () is the Arabic language version of Wikipedia.
An Arabic-based creole language, or simply Arabic creole is a creole language which was significantly influenced by the Arabic language.
The Arabid race (also Orientalid race) is a historical term for a morphological subtype of the Caucasoid race, as used in traditional physical anthropology.
Arabization or Arabisation (تعريب) describes either the conquest and/or colonization of a non-Arab area and growing Arab influence on non-Arab populations, causing a language shift by their gradual adoption of the Arabic language and/or their incorporation of Arab culture, Arab identity.
Arabs (عَرَب ISO 233, Arabic pronunciation) are a population inhabiting the Arab world.
Arabs in Austria (عرب النمسا) are Austrians of Arab ethnic, particularly Lebanon, Syria, Palestinian, Iraq, Jordan and also small groups from Egypt, Algeria, Tunisia, Morocco, Libya, Yemen and Sudan, who emigrated from their native nations and currently reside in Austria.
Arabs in Belgium are the people from Arab countries, particularly Lebanon, Iraq, Syria, Algeria, Tunisia, Morocco, and also small groups from the Palestinian Territories, Jordan, Egypt, Libya, Yemen and Sudan who emigrated from their native nations and currently reside in Belgium.
Arabs in Bulgaria (Араби в България, العرب في بلغاريا) are the people from Arab countries, particularly Lebanon, Syria, the Palestinian Territories, Iraq, and Jordan and also small groups from Egypt, Algeria, Tunisia, Morocco, Libya and Sudan, who emigrated from their native nations and currently reside in Bulgaria.
Arabs in Europe are people of Arab descent living in Europe today and over the centuries.
Arabs in Greece (Άραβες στην Ελλάδα, العرب في اليونان), known as Araves, are the people from Arab countries, particularly Lebanon, Syria, the Palestinian Territories, Iraq, Jordan, many of whom are Christian, and also small groups from Egypt, Algeria, Tunisia, Morocco, Libya and Sudan, who emigrated from their native nations and currently reside in Greece.
Arabs in Italy (Arabi in Italia) are mostly expatriates from a range of Arab countries, particularly Egypt, Morocco, Tunisia, Lebanon, Syria, Libya, Somalia, the Palestinian Territories, and Iraq; and also small groups from Jordan, Algeria and Sudan.
Arabs in Romania (Arabii din România) are the people from Arab countries, particularly Lebanon, Syria, Palestine, Iraq, Jordan and also small groups from Egypt, Algeria, Tunisia, Morocco, Libya and Sudan, who emigrated from their native nations and currently reside in Romania.
Arabs in Serbia (Арапи у Србији/Arapi u Srbiji) are mostly expatriates from a range of Arab countries, particularly Lebanon, Syria, the Palestinian Territories, Iraq, and Jordan; and also small groups from Egypt, Algeria, Tunisia, Morocco, Libya and Sudan.
There have been Arabs in Spain (Los árabes en España) since the early 8th century when the Umayyad conquest of Hispania created the state of Al-Andalus.
Arabs in Switzerland (عرب سويسرا) are Swiss citizens or residents of Arab ethnic, cultural and linguistic heritage from Arab countries, particularly Morocco, Tunisia, Algeria, Lebanon, Syria, Iraq and Egypt, also small groups from Palestine, Yemen, Libya, Jordan and Sudan, who emigrated from their native nations and currently reside in Switzerland.
Arabs in the Republic of Macedonia (Арапи во Република Македонија) are the people from Arab countries, particularly Lebanon, Syria, the Palestinian Territories, Iraq, Jordan and also small groups from Egypt, Algeria, Tunisia, Morocco, Libya and Sudan, who emigrated from their native nations and currently reside in Macedonia.
Araqi or araki is a date-liquor distilled illegally in Sudan.
Arawala was a village in West Darfur province of the Darfur region of Sudan.
Araya Desta (born 1945) is an Eritrean diplomat.
Arbagi, (or Arbaji), formerly Hellet Amara, is a town in the Al Jazirah, in Sudan.
General Sir Archibald Hunter, (6 September 1856 – 28 June 1936) was a senior officer in the British Army who distinguished himself during the Boer War.
Archdeacon Archibald Shaw (8 June 1879 – 1956) was a pioneer missionary amongst the Dinka people with the Gordon Memorial Sudan Mission of the Church Missionary Society (CMS) in southern Sudan in the first half of the 20th century.
Architecture for Humanity was a US-based charitable organization that sought architectural solutions to humanitarian crises and brought professional design services to clients (often communities in need).
The architecture of Africa, like other aspects of the culture of Africa, is exceptionally diverse.
Count Ardito Desio (18 April 1897 – 12 December 2001) was an Italian explorer, mountain climber, geologist, and cartographer.
An area is an administrative unit of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church), which typically is composed of multiple stakes and missions.
Argo Island (also: Island of Arkô and Jezira Argo) is an island of the Nile in Sudan.
Ariab (Arabic: أرياب) is a region of Sudan, located in the Nubian Desert.
The arid thicket rat (Grammomys aridulus) is a species of rodent in the family Muridae.
Aringa is an ethnic group in the northwestern corner of Uganda, north of Lake Albert.
Aris Roussinos is a journalist working for Vice News.
Arkel International is a privately held company based in Baton Rouge, Louisiana, that undertakes construction projects around the world.
The ArmaLite AR-10 is a 7.62×51mm NATO battle rifle developed by Eugene Stoner in the late 1950s and manufactured by ArmaLite, then a division of the Fairchild Aircraft Corporation.
The Military of Ecuador is under civilian control.
The Armed Forces of the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya consisted of the Libyan Army, Libyan Air Force and the Libyan Navy and other services including the People's Militia.
The Armed Forces of the North (Forces Armées du Nord or FAN) was a Chadian rebel army active during the Chadian Civil War.
The Armenian Catholic Eparchy of Alexandria (or Iskanderiya) is a suffragan eparchy (Eastern Catholicdiocese) of the Armenian Catholic Church sui iuris (Armenian Rite in Armenian language), in the Patriarch's own 'ecclesiastical province of Cilicia' (actually based in Beirut, Lebanon), covering Egypt and Sudan.
Armenians (հայեր, hayer) are an ethnic group native to the Armenian Highlands.
There is an Armenian community in the Sudan estimated to be less than one thousand Armenians.
The Armenians in the Middle East are mostly concentrated in Iran, Lebanon, Cyprus, Syria, Jordan, and Palestine, although well-established communities exist in Iraq, Egypt, Turkey, and other countries of the area.
An arms embargo is an embargo that applies solely to weaponry, and may also apply to "dual-use technology".
The Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) is a multilateral treaty that regulates the international trade in conventional weapons.
The Army for the Liberation of Rwanda (Armée pour la Libération du Rwanda, ALiR) was a rebel group largely composed of members of the Interahamwe and Armed Forces of Rwanda that carried out the 1994 Rwandan Genocide.
Puspomad (Indonesian: Pusat Polisi Militer Angkatan Darat) or Army Military Police Command, which all of its personnel are part of the Military Police Corps (CPM) (Indonesian: Korps Polisi Militer) is one of the military general technical functions of the Indonesian Army which has the role for administering administrative assistance and as embodiment and guidance through the operation of Military Police functions.
The Army of Peace (Jaysh al-Salam) was a large Fertit militia in Western Bahr el Ghazal during the Second Sudanese Civil War.
The Army Ranger Wing (ARW) (Sciathán Fiannóglaigh an Airm, "SFA") is the special operations force of the Irish Defence Forces, the military of Ireland.
Arnold Sandwith Ward (1876–1950) was an English journalist and Conservative Party politician.
Arok Thon Arok was a politician from Southern Sudan.
Aroma is a town located in Kassala State, Sudan.
Arthur B. McCaw (c 1906 - May 11, 1985) was a civil servant and civil rights activist active in Nebraska and as a United States Federal employee.
Arthur Owen Blessitt (born October 27, 1940 in Greenville, Mississippi, United States) is a traveling Christian preacher, most known for carrying a cross through every nation of the world.
Air Marshal Sir Arthur "Mary" Coningham, (19 January 1895 – presumably 30 January 1948) was a senior officer in the Royal Air Force.
Arthur Everett "Chick" Austin Jr. (December 18, 1900 – March 29, 1957) was the innovative and pacesetting director of the Wadsworth Atheneum from 1927 through 1944.
General Sir Arthur James Lyon Fremantle (11 November 1835 – 25 September 1901) was a British Army officer and a notable British witness to the Battle of Gettysburg during the American Civil War.
Sir Arthur Olver FRSE CB CMG (1875 – 15 August 1961) was a 20th-century British army officer and expert on animal husbandry.
General Sir Arthur Henry Fitzroy Paget (1 March 1851 – 8 December 1928) was a soldier who reached the rank of General and served as Commander-in-Chief, Ireland, where he was partly responsible for the Curragh Incident.
Major General Arthur Reginald Chater (7 February 1896 – 3 January 1979) was an officer in the Royal Marines during the First World War, the interwar years, and Second World War.
Arthur Webb-Jones (1875 - 1917) was an eminent British gynaecologist who served extensively as a surgeon with the British Army in Egypt.
Arthur Edward Pearse Brome Weigall (1880 – 3 January 1934) was an English Egyptologist, stage designer, journalist and author whose works span the whole range from histories of Ancient Egypt through historical biographies, guide-books, popular novels, screenplays and lyrics.
Admiral of the Fleet Sir Arthur Knyvet Wilson, 3rd Baronet (4 March 1842 – 25 May 1921) was a Royal Navy officer.
General Sir Arthur Singleton Wynne, (5 March 1846 – 6 February 1936) was a senior British Army officer who served as Military Secretary.
Colonel Sir Arthur Edwin Young KPM (15 February 1907 – 20 January 1979) was a British police officer.
An article (with the linguistic glossing abbreviation) is a word that is used with a noun (as a standalone word or a prefix or suffix) to specify grammatical definiteness of the noun, and in some languages extending to volume or numerical scope.
"Aryan" is a term that was used as a self-designation by Indo-Iranian people.
Ascalenia beieri is a moth in the Cosmopterigidae family.
Ascend: A Humanitarian Alliance is a registered 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization which focuses on international economic and health care development in Africa and South America.
Ascom Group is the largest oil and gas company in Moldova.
ash-Shamaliyah (الشمالية the northern) may refer to.
ash-Sharqiyah (الشرقية the eastern) may refer to.
(الشعب يريد إسقاط النظام, "the people want to bring down the regime") is a political slogan associated with the Arab Spring.
The Ashanti Empire (also spelled Asante) was an Akan empire and kingdom in what is now modern-day Ghana from 1670 to 1957.
Ashley Anthony Chin (born 21 August 1982), also known as Muslim Belal, is an English actor, screenwriter, spoken word performance poet and former rapper of Jamaican descent.
Ashley Williams (born 30 October 2000), is a Liberian footballer who plays as a goalkeeper for LISCR FC in the Liberian First Division and the Liberia U20 National Football Team.
Ashok Gadgil (born November 15, 1950 in India) Is Faculty Senior Scientist and was Director of the Energy and Environmental Technologies Division for 2010-2015 at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory.
Ashoke Kumar Sen (10 October 1913 – 21 September 1996) was an Indian barrister, a former Cabinet minister of India, and an Indian parliamentarian.
Ashraf (أشراف), with long ā in the second system, is the plural of sharīf "noble", from sharafa "to be highborn", but ašhraf, with short a, is the elative of sharīf meaning "very noble", "nobler", "noblest".
Ashraf Jehangir Qazi (born 1942) is a politician from Pakistan.
Asida (عصيدة ‘aṣīdah) is a dish made up of a cooked wheat flour lump of dough, sometimes with added butter or honey.
An askari was a local soldier serving in the armies of the European colonial powers in Africa, particularly in the African Great Lakes, Northeast Africa and Central Africa.
Asmara (ኣስመራ), known locally as Asmera (meaning "They made them unite" in Tigrinya), is the capital city and largest city of Eritrea.
Association Sportive Olympique de Chlef (الجمعية الرياضية لأولمبي الشلف) is an Algerian football club based in Chlef, founded in 1947.
Asosa is one of the 20 woredas in the Benishangul-Gumuz Region of Ethiopia.
Asosa is one of the three Zones in Benishangul-Gumuz Region of Ethiopia.
Assassins: Assignment:Jerusalem, Target:Antichrist is the sixth book in the Left Behind series.
The Assessment and Evaluation Commission (AEC) is a commission in the Republic of the Sudan that monitors and supports the implementation of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA).
The Association Nationale des Guides d'Haïti (ANGH; National Guide Association of Haïti) is the national Guiding organization of Haiti.
The Association of Member Episcopal Conferences in Eastern Africa (AMECEA), the Association of Episcopal Conferences of Eastern Africa and the coordinating body of the Catholic dioceses.
Around the world, journalists who report on environmental problems such as deforestation, pollution and climate change, are forming networks and associations.
Assyria, also called the Assyrian Empire, was a major Semitic speaking Mesopotamian kingdom and empire of the ancient Near East and the Levant.
Aswan Governorate (محافظة أسوان) is one of the governorates of Egypt.
The United States recognizes the right of asylum for individuals as specified by international and federal law.
The at sign, @, is normally read aloud as "at"; it is also commonly called the at symbol or commercial at.
Atak Lual Wol Tong (born 1 January 1990 in Aweil, South Sudan) is a South Sudanese footballer, who plays as a midfielder for Sudanese club Al-Ahly Shendi.
Atatürk Museum Mansion (Atatürk Müze Köşkü) is a historic house museum in Ankara, Turkey.
Atbara (sometimes Atbarah) (عطبرة ʿAṭbarah) is a city of 111,399 (2007) located in River Nile State in northeastern Sudan.
Atbara Airport is an airport serving Atbarah (or Atbara), a town located in the River Nile state in northeastern Sudan.
The Atbarah River (نهر عطبرة; transliterated: Nahr 'Atbarah) in northeast Africa rises in northwest Ethiopia, approximately 50 km north of Lake Tana and 30 km west of Gondar.
Atef Salem (عاطف سالم; 23 July 1927 – 30 July 2002) was an Egyptian film director.
Aterciopelados (The Velvety Ones), also referred to as Los Aterciopelados on some albums and other promotional materials, are a rock band from Colombia.
The third All-Africa Games were held in July 1978 in Algiers, Algeria.
At the 2004 Pan Arab Games, the athletics events were held at the Stade 5 Juillet 1962 in Algiers, Algeria from 4 to 8 October 2004.
At the 2007 Pan Arab Games, the athletics events were held at the Military Academy Stadium in Cairo, Egypt from 21 to 24 November 2007.
The Atiak massacre occurred on April 20, 1995, when a group of estimated 300 Lord's Resistance Army soldiers led by Vincent Otti entered the northern Ugandan town of Atiak, Amuru District.
The Atlantic languages (or West Atlantic languages"West Atlantic" is the traditional term, following Diedrich Hermann Westermann; "Atlantic" is more typical in recent work, particularly since Bendor-Samuel (1989).) of West Africa are an obsolete proposed major group of the Niger–Congo languages.
The ATM-72 is a steel cased circular North Korean anti-tank mine.
Atmit is a nutritional supplement used to fight famine in impoverished countries.
Atractaspis is a genus of venomous snakes found in Africa.
Carried out by the Black September Organization in 1973, the attack on the Saudi embassy in Khartoum was a terrorist attack which took ten diplomats hostage.
Humanitarian aid workers belonging to United Nations organisations, PVOs / NGOs or the Red Cross / Red Crescent have traditionally enjoyed both international legal protection, and de facto immunity from attack by belligerent parties.
The Atuot (Reel) are a Nilotic ethnic group of South Sudan who live near Yirol in Eastern Lakes State.
Auchenoglanis is a genus of claroteid catfishes native to Africa.
Audea bipunctata is a species of moth in the family Erebidae.
Audea paulumnodosa is a moth of the family Erebidae.
Flying in 1932 Audrey Florice Durrell Drummond Sale-Barker.
The following events occurred in August 1916.
The following events occurred in August 1924.
The following events occurred in August 1946.
The following events occurred in August 1963.
The following events occurred in August 1967.
The August 2012 Sinai attack occurred on 5 August 2012, when armed men ambushed an Egyptian military base in the Sinai Peninsula, killing 16 soldiers and stealing two armored cars, which they used to infiltrate into Israel.
François Auguste Ferdinand Mariette (11 February 182118 January 1881) was a French scholar, archaeologist and Egyptologist, and founder of the Egyptian Department of Antiquities (later Supreme Council of Antiquities).
Aurora Prize for Awakening Humanity is an annual international humanitarian award, which is initiated to recognize and express gratitude to those courageous individuals or organizations that impact on preserving human life and advancing humanitarian causes.
The Auster J/5 Autocar was a late 1940s British single-engined four-seat high-wing touring monoplane built by Auster Aircraft Limited at Rearsby, Leicestershire.
The Auster J series was a family of British light civil utility aircraft developed in the 1940s and 50s by Auster at Rearsby, Leicestershire.
The Auster J/1B Aiglet is a British light civil utility aircraft developed in the 1950s.
Australia was a founding member of the United Nations (UN) in 1945 and has been actively engaged in the organisation since its formation.
Australia–New Zealand relations, also referred to as Trans-Tasman relations ("relations across the Tasman Sea"), are extremely close.
Australian cuisine refers to the cuisine of Australia and its indigenous and colonial societies.
Australian military involvement in peacekeeping operations has been diverse, and included participation in both United Nations sponsored missions, as well as those as part of ad hoc coalitions.
Australian rules football in Africa is only played at an organised level in South Africa, although there are programs under development in Ghana, Kenya, Botswana and Zimbabwe, and there have been attempts to introduce the sport in other African nations.
The Automated Export System (AES) is the system used by U.S. exporters to electronically declare their international exports, known as Electronic Export Information (EEI), to the Census Bureau to help compile U.S. export and trade statistics.
Automatic visa revalidation is one of a handful of exceptions to the general rule that a person who is not a United States citizen or lawful permanent resident can only lawfully enter the United States if he/she has a valid visa.
AV Cargo Airlines Ltd was an international cargo airline, with its head office in Harare, Zimbabwe, It operated scheduled domestic, regional and international cargo services, its commercial center in the London Gatwick United Kingdom, The Zimbabwean company was established in 2013 by Neil and Glover Simon Clarke, CEO of bankrupt Avient Aviation, and offered scheduled and chartered flights - based on Avient's market - to UK and Ireland, Europe, Africa, Asia, and South America, its European hub in Liège Airport Belgium.
The AVGP (Armoured Vehicle General Purpose) is a series of three armoured fighting vehicles ordered by the Canadian military in 1977.
Avicennia marina, commonly known as grey mangrove or white mangrove, is a species of mangrove tree classified in the plant family Acanthaceae (formerly in the Verbenaceae or Avicenniaceae).
Awad El Karim Makki (born 12 June 1992) is a Sudanese sprinter.
Awad Haj Ali is the vice chancellor of Elneelain University.
Awadia and Fadnia are two small nomad tribes of pure Arab descent living in the Bayuda Desert, Sudan, between the wells of Jakdul and Metemma.
Awards and decorations of the Ukrainian Army are those military awards including decorations which are issued to members of the Ukrainian Army under the authority of the Minister of Defence.
The following is a full list of awards and decorations received by Josip Broz Tito, Yugoslav president and statesman, sorted by continents and Cold War bloc division.
Aweil Airport is an airport serving the town of Aweil, in South Sudan.
Aweil East County, is a county in South Sudan.
Aweil East also known as Abiem State, is a state in the Republic of South Sudan.
Aweil West County is a county in South Sudan.
Aweil is a city in South Sudan and the capital of the Aweil State.
Awjila (Berber: Awilan, Awjila, Awgila; أوجلة; Latin: Augila) is an oasis town in the Al Wahat District in the Cyrenaica region of northeastern Libya.
Awlad Hassan is an ethnic group of Sudan.
Awlad Himayd is a group of people who are part of the greater Baggara Arabs fraternity of Kordofan and Darfur (both areas are located in Sudan).
Awlad Mana is an ethnic group of Sudan.
Awn Al-Sharif Qasim (عون الشريف قاسم) (June 16, 1933 – January 19, 2006) was a prolific Sudanese writer, encyclopedist, a prominent scholar, a powerful community leader, a man of charity and one of Sudan's leading experts on Arabic language and literature.
Axinidris acholli is a species of ant in the genus Axinidris.
Axiocerses harpax, the common scarlet, is a butterfly in the family Lycaenidae.
The axis mundi (also cosmic axis, world axis, world pillar, center of the world, world tree), in certain beliefs and philosophies, is the world center, or the connection between Heaven and Earth.
Ayak Thiik (also known as, "Ayak Tracks") is a South Sudanese singer-songwriter and vocal producer.
André Aumars (26 October 1928 – 8 October 2011), born Ayik Umar Said, was an Indonesian-born French journalist and activist.
Aylward Manley Blackman, FBA (30 January 1883 – 9 March 1956) was a British Egyptologist, who excavated various sites in Egypt and Nubian, notably Buhen and Meir.
Aymen Mathlouthi (born 14 September 1984 in Tunis) is a Tunisian professional footballer who plays as a goalkeeper for Saudi club Al-Batin and captains Tunisian national team.
Ayod County (or Ayoud County) is an administrative area in Fangak State, South Sudan, with headquarters in Ayod.
Az-Zubair Prize for Innovation and Scientific Excellence is an annual Sudanese scientific prize awarded by the President of Sudan for scientific innovation and creativity in applied and technological fields.
The Azania Liberation Front (ALF) was an armed rebel faction established in 1965, during the First Sudanese Civil War, by exiled members of the Sudan African National Union (SANU).
Azaza Airport is an airstrip serving the town of Gedaref in Sudan.
Azezet Habtezghi Kidane is an Eritrean-born British nun and human trafficking activist working in Israel.
The Azerbaijan State Oil Academy shooting (Azerbaijani: Azərbaycan Dövlət Neft Akademiyasında terror hadisəsi) occurred on April 30, 2009, at the Azerbaijan State Oil Academy (ASOA), a public university in Baku, Azerbaijan.
Azuragrion vansomereni is a species of damselfly in family Coenagrionidae.
Azygophleps aburae is a moth in the family Cossidae.
Azygophleps boisduvalii is a moth in the family Cossidae.
Azygophleps pallens is a moth in the family Cossidae.
Azygophleps scalaris, the sesbania stem borer, is a moth in the family Cossidae found in Pakistan, India, China, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Bangladesh, Mauritania, Somalia, Senegal, Côte d’Ivoire, Ghana, Nigeria, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kenya, Angola, Namibia, Tanzania and Sudan.
Azza Transport Company is a cargo airline based in Khartoum, Sudan.
Azza Transport Flight 2241 was a scheduled cargo flight from Sharjah, United Arab Emirates, to Khartoum, Sudan, which crashed on 21 October 2009.
Ẓāhirī (ظاهري) madhhab or al-Ẓāhirīyyah (الظاهرية) is a school of thought in Islamic jurisprudence founded by Dawud al-Zahiri in the 9th century CE, characterised by reliance on the manifest (zahir) meaning of expressions in the Qur'an and hadith, as well as rejection of analogical deduction (qiyas).
‘Aydhab (عَيذاب, also Aidab) was an important medieval port on the west coast of the Red Sea.
Çubuklu is a neighborhood in Beykoz ilçe (district) of İstanbul Province, Turkey.
École Française Internationale de Khartoum (EFIK) is a French international school in Garden City, Khartoum, Sudan.
Édouard-Jean Réquin (Rouen, 13 July 1879 - 1953) was a French military officer.
Özdemiroğlu Osman Pasha ("Osman Pasha, the son of Özdemir"; 1526 – 29 October 1585) was an Ottoman statesman and military commander who also held the office of grand vizier for one year.
The B612 Foundation is a private nonprofit foundation headquartered in Mill Valley, California, United States, dedicated to planetary defense against asteroids and other near-Earth object (NEO) impacts.
Babanusa is a town in western Sudan.
Babanusa-Wau Railway is an international railway line from the town of Babanusa in Sudan to South Sudan's second largest city Wau.
Babiker Awadalla (born بابكر عوض الله; 2 March 1917) is a Sudanese Arab nationalist politician who was Prime Minister from 25 May 1969 to 27 October 1969.
Babikr Bedri was a Mahdist warrior who later became a social activist and laid the foundations for women's education in the Sudan.
The BAC Jet Provost is a British jet trainer that was in use with the Royal Air Force (RAF) from 1955 to 1993.
The BAC 167 Strikemaster is a British jet-powered training and light attack aircraft.
A Bachelor of Science (Latin Baccalaureus Scientiae, B.S., BS, B.Sc., BSc, or B.Sc; or, less commonly, S.B., SB, or Sc.B., from the equivalent Latin Scientiae Baccalaureus) is an undergraduate academic degree awarded for completed courses that generally last three to five years, or a person holding such a degree.
Bactra bactrana is a species of moth of the Tortricidae family.
Baden Fletcher Smyth Baden-Powell, FS, FRAS, FRMetS (22 May 1860 – 3 October 1937) was a military aviation pioneer, and President of the Royal Aeronautical Society from 1900 to 1907.
Badr El-Din El Doud Abdalla (Galag) (بدرالدين عبدالله قلق)is a Sudanese football midfielder currently playing for Al-Merriekh.
Badi was a medieval port of the Beja in what is now Sudan, near its Eritrean border.
Badien Island (also spelled Jazeerat Dadeen) is one of the biggest islands in the Nile and the second biggest island in Sudan.
Badr Abdelgadir (بدر عبدالقادر; born 1 January 1974) is a Sudanese football referee.
Badr Airlines, formerly Sarit Airlines (from 1997 to 2004), is an airline based in Khartoum, Sudan, operating cargo and passenger air services for humanitarian aid missions,and chartered VIP flights.
The Baggāra are a grouping of Arab ethnic groups inhabiting the portion of Africa's Sahel mainly between Lake Chad and southern Kordofan, numbering over one million.
Bagshaw Museum is a local museum in the town of Batley, West Yorkshire.
Bahaeddine Mohamed Abdellah Rihan (born 1 January 1979) is a Sudanese football goalkeeper who plays for Al-Hilal and the Sudan national football team.
Bahgat Group is a group of companies in Egypt that manufacture electronics, household appliances, furniture, and medical equipment.
Bahr al-Arab (بحر العرب)(also called the Kiir River) is a river which flows approximately through the southwest of Sudan and marks part of its international border with South Sudan.
The Bahr Aouk River is a river in central Africa.
The Bahr el Arab rift is a major geological feature in the southwest Sudan.
Bahr Idriss Abu Garda (born 1 January 1963) is the leader of the United Resistance Front, a rebel group fighting against the Sudanese government in Darfur.
Bakri Hassan Saleh (بكري حسن صالح) is a Sudanese politician who has been Prime Minister of Sudan since 2017 (the first in almost 28 years) and First Vice President of Sudan since 2013.
The balance of payments, also known as balance of international payments and abbreviated B.O.P. or BoP, of a country is the record of all economic transactions between the residents of the country and of the world in a particular period (over a quarter of a year or more commonly over a year).
Balanites rotundifolia, known in Swahili as Mbamba ngoma is a spiny bush or small tree from eastern Africa and southern Arabia.
The Balanta (Guinea-Bissau Creole and Portuguese: balanta;; lit. “those who resist” in Balanta) are an ethnic group found in Guinea-Bissau, Senegal and The Gambia.
Balga is a suburb of Perth, the capital city of Western Australia, north of Perth city's central business district (CBD).
Balghis Badri is a Sudanese feminist activist, particularly in the fields of female genital mutilation (FGM) and the development of rural women, since 1979, and professor of social anthropology at Ahfad University for Women.
The ball python (Python regius), also known as the royal python,Mehrtens JM.
Bambasi (also known as Abba Moti) is a town in western Ethiopia.
Bamia (بامية. cooked okra) or bamia bi-lahm (البامية باللحم okra with meat), is a Middle Eastern stew prepared using lamb, okra and tomatoes as primary ingredients.
Ban Ki-moon (born 13 June 1944) is a South Korean politician and diplomat who was the eighth Secretary-General of the United Nations from January 2007 to December 2016.
Band Aid 20 was the 2004 incarnation of the charity group Band Aid.
The Bandingilo National Park, sometimes spelled Badingilo, is located in South Sudan's Equatoria region.
The Bang Bang Club was a group of four conflict photographers active within the townships of South Africa between 1990 and 1994, during the transition from the apartheid system to democracy.
Banganarti is a small village in Sudan, about half way between the third and fourth cataract of the Nile.
Banged Up Abroad (rebadged as Locked Up Abroad, and Jailed Abroad in India, for the National Geographic Channel) is a British documentary/docudrama television series created by Bart Layton that was produced for Channel 5 and that premiered in March 2006.
The Bangladesh Army (BA, বাংলাদেশ সেনাবাহিনী, Bangladesh Senabahini) is the land forces branch and the largest of the three defence service of the Bangladesh Armed Forces.
The Bangladesh Police (বাংলাদেশ পুলিশ) is the main law enforcement agency of Bangladesh.
Bangladesh-China relations are the bilateral relations of Bangladesh and China.
Bangladesh–Sudan relations refers to the bilateral relations between Bangladesh and Sudan.
Bangui (or Bangî in Sango, formerly written Bangi in English) is the capital and largest city of the Central African Republic.
Bank of Khartoum (BOK), with some 66 or more branches, is the largest bank in Sudan.
Established by the Bank of South Sudan Act of 2011, the Central Bank of South Sudan is statutorily mandated to regulate the operations of all financial institutions in the country, including commercial banks.
Bant ('''بانت'''. / transliterated) is an affluent district in Omdurman city, Khartoum State, Sudan.
The Banu Abs (بنو عبس, "sons of ʿAbs") are an ancient Bedouin tribe that originated in central Arabia.
Banu al-Kanz (also known as Awlad Kanz or Kunuz) was a semi-nomadic Muslim dynasty of mixed Arab-Beja ancestry that ruled the border region between Upper Egypt and Nubia between the 10th and 15th centuries.
Baphia abyssinica is a species of legume in the Fabaceae family.
Barabra is an old ethnographical term for the Nubian peoples of northern Sudan and southern Egypt.
The Barack Obama "Hope" poster is an image of Barack Obama designed by artist Shepard Fairey, which was widely described as iconic and came to represent his 2008 presidential campaign.
Barah also Bara is a town in North Kurdufan, central Sudan, in northeastern Africa.
Barakat is a community in Al Jazirah state, Sudan.
Barb Jungr (born 9 May 1954) is an English singer, songwriter, composer and writer, of Czech and German parentage whose work challenges categorisation and spans popular music, theatre, cabaret and jazz.
Barbara, also referred to as Barbaria, referred to an ancient region in littoral Horn of Africa.
Barbara Contini (born 22 September 1961) is an Italian politician and an official of international organizations expert on international politics and security.
Barbara Ruszczyc (1928 – 2001) was a Polish Egyptologist and art historian.
The Barbary falcon (Falco pelegrinoides) is a medium-sized falcon about the size of a crow.
The Barbary lion (Panthera leo leo) is the nominate lion subspecies in North Africa.
The Barbary sheep (Ammotragus lervia) is a species of caprid (goat-antelope) native to rocky mountains in North Africa.
Barentu is a town in north-western Eritrea, lying south of Agordat, and is the capital of Gash-Barka Region.
The barka indigobird (Vidua larvaticola) is a species of bird in the family Viduidae.
Barka River (نهر بركة nahr Baraka) flows from the Eritrean Highlands to the plains of Sudan.
The barn owl (Tyto alba) is the most widely distributed species of owl and one of the most widespread of all birds.
The Baro River (ባሮ ወንዝ Baro Wenz, known to the Anuak as Upeno River) is a river in southwestern Ethiopia, which defines part of Ethiopia's border with South Sudan.
A barrel bomb is an improvised unguided bomb, sometimes described as a flying IED (improvised explosive device).
Barry Jay Minkow (born March 22, 1966) is a former American businessman, pastor, and convicted felon.
Captain Barry Nugent Yelverton, 5th Viscount Avonmore (11 February 1859 – 13 February 1885) was an Anglo-Irish peer and an officer in the 37th Foot, which was renamed as the Hampshire Regiment in 1881.
Baruch Tegegne (23 January 1944 – 27 December 2010) was a prominent leader of Ethiopian Jews in Israel and advocate of their immigration in the 1980s and 1990s.
Basa (variation: Jabal Basa) is a village in Sudan.
The Basel Mission is a Christian missionary society active from 1815 to 2001, when it transferred the operative work to Mission 21, the successor organization of Kooperation Evangelischer Kirchen und Missione (KEM) founded in 2001.
The Basenji is a breed of hunting dog.
Basha Bakri (born 1927) is a Sudanese former sports shooter.
Sir Basil Hamilton Hebden Neven-Spence (12 June 1888 – 13 September 1974) was a Scottish Unionist Party politician and military physician.
The bat-eared fox (Otocyon megalotis) is a species of fox found on the African savanna, named for its large ears,.
The Batahin are an Arab tribe in Butana, a region in Sudan.
Batha (البطحة) is one of the 23 regions of Chad, composed of what was formerly Batha Prefecture.
Batn-El-Hajar is a stony area south of the Second Cataract of the Nile River and Wadi Halfa - in present-day Sudan.
Batrachedra pachybela is a moth in the family Batrachedridae.
The Australian Army and its forerunners have won many battle and theatre honours since its formation.
The Battle of Aba, which took place on August 12, 1881, was the opening battle of the Mahdist War.
The Battle of Abu Hamed occurred on 7 August 1897 between a flying column of Anglo-Egyptian soldiers under Major-General Sir Archibald Hunter and a garrison of Mahdist rebels led by Mohammed Zain.
The Battle of Abu Klea, or the Battle of Abu Tulayh took place between the dates of 16 and 18 January 1885, at Abu Klea, Sudan, between the British Desert Column and Mahdist forces encamped near Abu Klea.
The Battle of Adré took place in Adré, Chad on 18 December 2005.
The Battle of Am Zoer occurred on June 18, 2008 when the Chadian army caught up with a rebel column that had been advancing towards the capital, N'Djamena.
The Battle of Atbara took place during the Second Sudan War.
The Battle of Baidoa began on December 20, 2006 when the Somali Transitional Federal Government's forces (TFG) allied with Ethiopian forces stationed there attacked advancing Islamic Courts Union (ICU) forces along with 500 alleged Eritrean troops and mujahideen arrayed against them.
The Battle of Bardia was fought over three days between 3 and 5 January 1941, as part of Operation Compass, the first military operation of the Western Desert Campaign of the Second World War.
The Battle of Culqualber was fought near Culqualber Pass, Ethiopia, from 6 August to 21 November 1941, between Italian and colonial forces and British Commonwealth forces.
The Battle of Debre Tabor was a conflict during the Zemene Mesafint in 1842 initiated by Dejazmach Wube Haile Maryam to overthrow Ras Ali II as Regent of the Emperor of Ethiopia and gain control of Ethiopia.
The Battle of Ferkeh (or Firket) occurred during the Mahdist War when an army of the Mahdist Sudanese was surprised and wiped out by the British and Egyptian forces under Sir Herbert Kitchener on 7 June 1896.
The Battle of Gallabat (also called the Battle of Metemma) was fought 9–10 March 1889 between the Mahdist Sudanese and Ethiopian forces.
The Battle of Ginnis (also known as the Battle of Gennis) was a minor battle of the Mahdist War that was fought on December 30, 1885, between soldiers of the Anglo-Egyptian Army and Mahdist Sudanese warriors of the Dervish State.
The Battle of Guté Dili was fought on 14 October 1888 between an alliance of the Shewan forces of Ras Gobana Dacche and the Oromo ruler of Leqa Naqamte, Moroda Bekere, and Mahdist forces under governor Khalil al-Khuzani near Nejo in the modern Mirab Welega Zone of the Oromia Region of Ethiopia.
The Battle of Kassala was fought on July 17, 1894, between an Italian colonial troop and Mahdist Sudanese forces.
The Battle of Keren (or Cheren, the old Italian spelling) was fought as part of the East African Campaign during the Second World War.
The battle of Kousséri originated in French plans to occupy the Chari-Baguirmi region.
The Battle of Malakal occurred at the end of November 2006 in the southern Sudanese town of Malakal.
The Battle of N'Djamena was a battle between the forces of the revolutionary United Front for Democratic Change (UFCD) and the military of Chad that occurred on 13 April 2006 when rebel forces launched an assault on the capital of Chad in the pre-dawn hours, attempting to overthrow the government of President Idriss Déby Itno from their bases an estimated thousand miles east.
The Battle of N'Djamena began on February 2, 2008 when Chadian rebel forces opposed to Chadian President Idriss Déby entered N'Djamena, the capital of Chad, after a three-day advance through the country.
The Battle of Najaf took place on 28 January 2007 at Zarqa (alt. Zarga) near Najaf, Iraq, between Iraqi Security Forces (later assisted by U.S. and UK forces) and fighters, initially thought to be Iraqi insurgents but later reported to be members of the Shia Islam cult Soldiers of Heaven, who had joined a gathering of worshippers — or, by other accounts, a conflict, originally between an Iraqi government forces checkpoint and 200 armed pilgrims, which then expanded to include local residents, the Soldiers of Heaven group, and UK and U.S. forces.
At the Battle of Omdurman (2 September 1898), an army commanded by the British General Sir Herbert Kitchener defeated the army of Abdullah al-Taashi, the successor to the self-proclaimed Mahdi, Muhammad Ahmad.
The Battle of Sabha was a battle between forces loyal to Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi and rebel anti-Gaddafi forces for control of the desert oasis city of Sabha and a part of the Libyan Civil War.
The Battle of Shaykan was fought between Anglo-Egyptian forces under the command of Hicks Pasha and forces of Muhammad Ahmad, the self-proclaimed Mahdi, in the woods of Shaykan near Kashgil near the town of Al-Ubayyid on 3–5 November 1883.
The Battle of Sirte (2016) refers to the battle that started in the spring of 2016, in the region of Sirte, Libya, between the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) and the forces of the Government of National Accord (GNA) backed by United States of America.
The Battle of Tamai (or Tamanieh) took place on 13 March 1884 between a British force under Sir Gerald Graham and a Mahdist Sudanese army led by Osman Digna.
The Battle of the Dindar River was fought near the Dinder River in 1738, between the forces of the Ethiopian Emperor Iyasu II and the Sennar army under King Badi IV.
The Battle of Tofrek was fought on 22 March 1885 some 5 miles inland from the port of Suakin on the Red Sea coast of Sudan.
The battle of Toski (Tushkah) took place on August 3, 1889 in Egypt between the Anglo-Egyptian forces and the Mahdist Sudanese.
The Battle of Tug Argan was a land battle between forces of the British Empire and Italy which took place on 11–15 August 1940 in what was British Somaliland (later independent and renamed Somalia).
The Battle of Umm Diwaykarat on November 25, 1899 marked the final defeat of the Mahdist state in Sudan, when Anglo-Egyptian forces under the command of Lord Kitchener defeated what was left of the Mahdist armies under the command of the Abdallahi ibn Muhammad, known as the Khalifa, after the equally disastrous Battle of Omdurman a year earlier.
The Battles of Negba were a series of military engagements between the Israel Defense Forces and the Egyptian army in the 1948 Arab–Israeli War.
The bay duiker (Cephalophus dorsalis), also known as the black-striped duiker and the black-backed duiker, is a forest-dwelling duiker native to western and southern Africa.
Bayʿah (بَيْعَة, Pledge of allegiance"), in Islamic terminology, is an oath of allegiance to a leader.
The Bayan College for Science & Technology (Arabic:كلية البيان للعلوم و التكنلوجيا) is an educational institution based in the city of Khartoum, Sudan.
Baygo is an ethnic group of Sudan.
Bayt Daras (بيت دراس) was a Palestinian Arab town located northeast of Gaza and approximately above sea level, which was depopulated in 1948.
The Bayuda Desert, located at, is in the eastern region of the Sahara Desert, spanning approximately 100,000 km² of NE Sudan north of Omdurman and south of Korti, embraced by the great bend of the Nile in the N, E and S and limited by the Wadi Muqaddam in the W. The north to south aligned Wadi Abu Dom divides the Bayuda Desert into the eastern Bayuda Volcanic Field and the western ochre-coloured sand-sheets scattered with rocky outcrop.
Bayuda volcanic field (also spelled Bayiuda) is a volcanic field in Sudan, within the Bayuda Desert.
Lieutenant General Bazilio Olara-Okello (1929 – 9 January 1990) was a Ugandan military officer and one of the commanders of the Uganda National Liberation Army (UNLA) that together with the Tanzanian army overthrew Idi Amin in 1979.
The bearded vulture (Gypaetus barbatus), also known as the Lämmergeier or ossifrage, is a bird of prey and the only member of the genus Gypaetus.
The bearded woodpecker (Chloropicus namaquus) is a species of bird in the family Picidae.
Major-General Beauchamp John Colclough Doran, CB (24 September 1860 – 23 November 1943) was a British Army officer who commanded the 25th Division during the First World War.
Bedaria (قبيلة البديرية or البديرية) is a branch of Ja'alin tribes or Ja'alia are an Arabic speaking, Semitic tribe.
Bedouin music is the music of nomadic Bedouin tribes of the Arabian Peninsula, Sudan and the Levant.
Begi is a town in south-western Ethiopia.
Beida (also transliterated Al Beyda') is a common village name in the Darfur region of Sudan.
Beigo (Baygo, Baigo, Bego, Beko, Béogé, Beygo) is an extinct East Sudanic language once spoken in Sudan by the Baygo people, numbering some 850 in the late twentieth century.
The Beijing Consensus (also known as the China Model or Chinese Economic Model) refers to the political and economic policies of the People's Republic of China Zhang Weiwei, Ramo has detailed it as a pragmatic policy that uses innovation and experimentation to achieve "equitable, peaceful high-quality growth", and "defense of national borders and interests", whereas other scholars have used it to refer to "stable, if repressive, politics and high-speed economic growth".
Beilschmiedia ugandensis is a species of plant in the Lauraceae family.
Beitar Jerusalem Football Club (מועדון כדורגל בית"ר ירושלים; Moadon Kaduregel Beitar Yerushalayim), commonly known as Beitar Jerusalem, or simply as Beitar, is an Israeli professional football club based in the city of Jerusalem.
The Beja Congress (BC) is a political group comprising several ethnic entities, most prominently the Beja, of the eastern region of Sudan.
Beja (Bidhaawyeet) is an Afroasiatic language of the Cushitic branch spoken on the western coast of the Red Sea by the Beja people.
The Beja people (Beja: Oobja; البجا) are an ethnic group inhabiting Sudan, as well as parts of Eritrea and Egypt.
Belenois creona, the African common white or African caper, is a butterfly in the family Pieridae.
Belenois raffrayi, or Raffray's white, is a butterfly in the family Pieridae.
Belenois solilucis, the yellow caper white, is a butterfly in the family Pieridae.
Belenois subeida, the northern caper white, is a butterfly in the family Pieridae.
Belenois sudanensis, the Sudan caper white, is a butterfly in the family Pieridae.
Belenois theora, the forest caper white, is a butterfly in the family Pieridae.
Osama bin Laden took ideological guidance from individuals named Ibn Taymiyya, Ibn al-Qayyim al-Jawziyyah, and Sayyid Qutb.
The Belizean Writers Series, published by local media house Cubola Productions, preserves some of the best of Belizean arts and letters, mainly poetry and short stories.
Bell's hinge-back tortoise (Kinixys belliana) is a species of African tortoise, from the family Testudinidae.
Belonophora is a genus of flowering plants in the Rubiaceae family.
Belonophora coffeoides is a species of flowering plant in the Rubiaceae family.
Bematistes epaea, the common bematistes, is a butterfly in the family Nymphalidae.
Bematistes epiprotea, the insipid bematistes, is a butterfly in the family Nymphalidae.
Bematistes macarista is a butterfly in the family Nymphalidae.
Bematistes poggei is a butterfly in the family Nymphalidae.
Bematistes pseudeuryta is a butterfly in the family Nymphalidae.
The Benevolence International Foundation (Benevolence International Fund in Canada, Bosanska Idealna Futura in Bosnia) (BIF) was a purported nonprofit charitable trust based in Saudi Arabia.
The Beni Halba is an Arab group located in the western Sudanese region of Darfur.
The Beni-Amer, also known as Beni-Amir (sometimes simply as Amer or Nabtab), are a population inhabiting northeast Africa, comprising a subgroup of the Beja people.
Benishangul-Gumuz (Amharic: ቤንሻንጉል ጉሙዝ), also known as Benshangul/Gumuz, is one of the nine ethnic divisions (kililoch) of Ethiopia.
Benjamin Lwoki was a politician from South Sudan who was an early activist in the movement for autonomy or independence from Sudan.
Benjamin "Ben" Zand (born 2 February 1991) is an Iranian-British journalist and filmmaker for the BBC from Liverpool, England.
Bennet Graham Burley (1840 – 1914) was a Scottish-born pirate, Confederate spy and journalist.
Benoît Jules Mure (May 15, 1809, Lyon — March 4, 1858, Cairo) was a French homeopath, naturalist, and anarcho-communist.
Benson & Hedges is a British brand of cigarettes owned by either Philip Morris International, British American Tobacco, or Japan Tobacco, depending on the region.
Bentiu, also spelled Bantiu, is a town in South Sudan.
Bentiu Airport is an airport in South Sudan.
Beralade obliquata is a moth of the family Lasiocampidae.
The Berber languages, also known as Berber or the Amazigh languages (Berber name: Tamaziɣt, Tamazight; Neo-Tifinagh: ⵜⴰⵎⴰⵣⵉⵖⵜ, Tuareg Tifinagh: ⵜⴰⵎⴰⵣⵉⵗⵜ, ⵝⴰⵎⴰⵣⵉⵗⵝ), are a branch of the Afroasiatic language family.
Berber (barbar) is a town in the River Nile state of northern Sudan, 50 km north of Atbara, near the junction of the Atbara River and the Nile.
Berenice Panchrysos (Greek: Βερενίκη Πάνχρυσος, Steph. B., s. v.; Strabo xvi. 771), was an ancient town of ancient Egypt, near Sabae in the Regio Troglodytica, on the west coast of the Red Sea, between the 20th and 21st degrees of North latitude, in modern-day Sudan.
Berhan Ahmed is an Eritrean-Australian social activist.
The Berlin Conference of 1884–85, also known as the Congo Conference (Kongokonferenz) or West Africa Conference (Westafrika-Konferenz), regulated European colonization and trade in Africa during the New Imperialism period and coincided with Germany's sudden emergence as an imperial power.
Lieutenant Colonel Bernard Campbell Fletcher DSO, MC (17 June 1898 – 1968) was an officer of the British Army active during the First World War and later the Second World War.
Bernard Lewis, FBA (31 May 1916 – 19 May 2018) was a British American historian specializing in oriental studies.
Bernard Kamillius Membe (born 9 November 1953) is a Tanzanian CCM politician who was Minister of Foreign Affairs of Tanzania from 2007 to 2015.
Berta proper, a.k.a. Gebeto, is spoken by the Berta (also Bertha, Barta, Burta) in Sudan and Ethiopia.
The Berta languages, or Wetawit, traditionally considered dialects of a single language, are Gebeto (Berta proper), Fadashi, and Undu.
The Berta or Bertha are an ethnic group living along the border of Sudan and Ethiopia.
Bertha Porter (1852-1941) was an English biographer and bibliographer known for her editorial role in the compilation of the Topographical Bibliography of Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphic Texts, Reliefs, and Paintings.
Berti is both an Italian surname and a given name.
Berti is an extinct Saharan language formerly spoken in northern Sudan, specifically in the Tagabo Hills, Darfur, and Kurdufan.
Besnoitia bennetti is a parasite that can cause besnoitiosis infections in donkeys.
Beta Israel (בֵּיתֶא יִשְׂרָאֵל, Beyte (beyt) Yisrael; ቤተ እስራኤል, Bēta 'Isrā'ēl, modern Bēte 'Isrā'ēl, EAE: "Betä Ǝsraʾel", "House of Israel" or "Community of Israel"), also known as Ethiopian Jews (יְהוּדֵי אֶתְיוֹפְּיָה: Yehudey Etyopyah; Ge'ez: የኢትዮጵያ አይሁድዊ, ye-Ityoppya Ayhudi), are Jews whose community developed and lived for centuries in the area of the Kingdom of Aksum and the Ethiopian Empire that is currently divided between the Amhara and Tigray Regions of Ethiopia and Eritrea.
Betty Oyella Bigombe, also known as Betty Atuku Bigombe (born 21 October 1952), is the Senior Director for Fragility, Conflict, and Violence at the World Bank.
“Bey” (بك “Beik”, bej, beg, بيه “Beyeh”, بیگ “Beyg” or بگ “Beg”) is a Turkish title for chieftain, traditionally applied to the leaders or rulers of various sized areas in the Ottoman Empire.
Bezmer Air Base is an air base for the Bulgarian Air Force.
In missions history, a Bible woman was a local woman who supported foreign female missionaries in their Christian evangelistic and social work.
This is the bibliography and reference section for the Darfur conflict series.
The bicolored musk shrew (Crocidura fuscomurina) is a species of mammal in the family Soricidae.
Bicyclus angulosa, the startled bush brown, is a butterfly in the family Nymphalidae.
Bicyclus anynana (squinting bush brown) is a small brown butterfly in the family Nymphalidae, the most globally diverse family of butterflies.
Bicyclus campus, the hill bush brown, is a butterfly in the family Nymphalidae.
Bicyclus istaris, the velvet bush brown, is a butterfly in the family Nymphalidae.
Bicyclus kenia, the Kenyan bush brown, is a butterfly in the family Nymphalidae.
Bicyclus martius, the black bush brown, is a butterfly in the family Nymphalidae.
Bicyclus milyas, the lesser rock bush brown, is a butterfly in the family Nymphalidae.
Bicyclus pavonis, the rock bush brown, is a butterfly in the family Nymphalidae.
Bicyclus saussurei, the white-banded bush brown or Saussure's bush brown, is a butterfly in the family Nymphalidae.
Tuba, also Bidayat (Bideyat), is a dialect of the Zaghawa language found in Chad and western Sudan.
Bifascioides leucomelanella is a moth in the family Cosmopterigidae.
William Kenneth Alphin (born November 1, 1963), best known by his stage name Big Kenny, is an American country music singer.
Bikem Ekberzade (born 1971 in Istanbul, Turkey) is a Turkish journalist, photojournalist and documentary photographer.
Bilal Mohammed (بلال محمد, born on June 2, 1986) is a Qatari footballer of Sudanese descent.