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Catatan Seorang Demonstran (Indonesian for Annotations of a Demonstrator) or Catatan Harian Seorang Demonstran (Indonesian for The Diaries of A Demonstrator) is the diary of Indonesian activist Soe Hok Gie, published in 1983.
Sheikh Azahari bin Sheikh Mahmud (3 September 1928 – 20 April 2002), better known as A.M. Azahari, was a Brunei politician turned rebel.
Albert Manoempak Sipahoetar (26 August 1914 – 5 January 1948), often credited as A. M. Sipahoetar, was an Indonesian journalist and one of the founders of the state news agency Antara.
Hajji Anang Abdul Hamidhan (25 February 1909 – 21 August 1997), better known as A.A. Hamidhan, was an Indonesian freedom fighter and journalist from South Kalimantan.
Kyai Hajji Abdul Fatah Hasan, better known as Ki Fatah Hasan was an Islamic scholar and fighter for Indonesian Independence.
Abdul Halim (December 27, 1911 – July 4, 1987) was Indonesian politician, who served 4th Prime Minister of Indonesia.
Abdul Haris Nasution (3 December 1918 – 6 September 2000) was an Indonesian general who was twice appointed Army Chief of Staff and who escaped an assassination attempt during the 1965 coup attempt by 30 September Movement.
Abdul Kahar Muzakkar was the leader of an Islamic movement in South Sulawesi from 1950 till his death in 1965.
Abdul Muis (also spelt Abdoel Moeis; 1886 – 17 July 1959), was an Indonesian writer, journalist and nationalist.
AR Baswedan (عبد الرحمن باسويدان; born in Ampel, Surabaya, East Java, 11 September 1908 – died in Jakarta, 16 March 1986) is the popular name of Abdurrahman Baswedan, a nationalist, journalist, Indonesian freedom fighter, diplomat, and writer.
Abdurrahman Wahid, born Abdurrahman ad-Dakhil (September 1940 – 30 December 2009), colloquially known as, was an Indonesian Muslim religious and political leader who served as the President of Indonesia from 1999 to 2001.
In this Indonesian name, the name "Bakrie" is a family name, and the person should be referred to by the family name "Bakrie". Aburizal Bakrie (born 15 November 1946) is a politician, and widely recognised as one of the most successful pribumi (native Indonesian) businessmen in Indonesia.
Aceh; (Acehnese: Acèh; Jawoë:; Dutch: Atjeh or Aceh) is a province of Indonesia.
The Aceh War, also known as the Dutch War or the Infidel War (1873–1904), was an armed military conflict between the Sultanate of Aceh and the Kingdom of the Netherlands which was triggered by discussions between representatives of Aceh and the United States in Singapore during early 1873.
Achdiat Karta Mihardja (March 6, 1911 – July 8, 2010) was an Indonesian author, novelist and playwright.
Kyai Achmad Asj'ari was Minister of Religion of Indonesia from July 3, 1947 to October 9, 1947.
Raden Ahmad Soebardjo Djojoadisoerjo (Karawang Regency, West Java, 23 March 1896 – 15 December 1978) was a diplomat, one of Indonesia's founding fathers, and an Indonesian national hero.
The acting presidency of Suharto followed the Transition to the New Order in which General Suharto was the president albeit on an interim basis.
Adnan Kapau Gani (16 September 1905 – 23 December 1968), often abbreviated as A. K. Gani, was an Indonesian politician.
Adnan al-Pachachi or Adnan Muzahim Ameen al-Pachachi (عدنان الباجه جي) (born May 14, 1923) is a veteran Iraqi politician and diplomat who served as Foreign Minister.
Adrian Willem Lauw Zecha (born 1933) is an Indonesian hotelier and the current owner and founder of the Azerai hotel in Laos' Luang Prabang Province.
Afghanistan–Indonesia relations refers to the bilateral relations of Afghanistan and Indonesia.
The Aftermath of World War II was the beginning of an era defined by the decline of all great powers except for the Soviet Union and the United States, and the simultaneous rise of two superpowers: the Soviet Union (USSR) and the United States of America (USA).
Haji Agus Salim (born Mashudul Haq; October 8, 1884 – November 4, 1954) was one of Indonesia's founding fathers and prominent diplomats.
Dato Ahmad Boestaman (30 November 1920 – 19 January 1983), or Abdullah Sani, was a Malaysian freedom fighter, politician and was the founding president of Parti Rakyat Malaysia and Parti Marhaen Malaysia.
Ahmad Surkati (احمد بن محمد السركتي.;;; born 1875 CE) was the founder of the organization Jam'iyat al-Islah wa Al-Irsyad al-Arabiyah (Arab Association for Reform and Guidance), which later transformed into Jam'iyat al-Islah wal Irsyad al-Islamiyyah, which is more commonly called as al-Irshad in Batavia, August 1915.
General Ahmad Yani (19 June 1922 – 1 October 1965) was the commander of the Indonesian Army, and was killed by members of the 30 September Movement during an attempt to kidnap him from his house.
Ahmadiyya (Ahmadiyah) is an Islamic movement in Indonesia.
Airborne Military parachuting or gliding form of inserting personnel or supplies.
Airlangga University (UNAIR or UA; Indonesian: Universitas Airlangga) is the second-oldest university in Indonesia and also a public university located in Surabaya, East Java.
Alfred C. Ulmer Jr. was born in Jacksonville, Florida in August 1916.
Albertus Soegijapranata, SJ (Perfected Spelling: Albertus Sugiyapranata; 25 November 1896 – 22 July 1963), better known by his birth name Soegija, was the Apostolic Vicar of Semarang and later its archbishop.
Alexius Impurung Mendur (7 November 1907 – 30 December 1984) was an Indonesian journalistic photographer who was part of a group that established the Indonesia Press Photo Service (IPPHOS).
Alexander Andries Maramis (20 June 1897 – 31 July 1977), also known as A.A. Maramis, was a politician involved in the struggle for Indonesian independence.
Alexander Evert Kawilarang (23 February 1920 – 6 June 2000) was an Indonesian freedom fighter, military commander, and founder of Kesko TT, what would become the Indonesian special forces unit Kopassus.
Ali bin Abdurrahman al-Habshi, better known as Habib Ali of Kwitang or Habib Ali Kwitang (على بن عبدالرحمن الحبشى,; born in Jakarta, 20 April 1870 CE - died in Jakarta, October 13, 1968 CE) was one of the leading Islamic clerics and preachers in Jakarta in the 20th century.
Ali Murtopo (Kebumen, Central Java, 23 September 1924 – Jakarta, 15 May 1984) was a prominent Indonesian general and political figure during the first half of General Suharto's New Order regime.
Ali Sadikin (7 July 1927 – 20 May 2008) was an Indonesian politician of Sundanese background.
Raden (Lord) Dr.
Allen Lawrence Pope (born 1928 or 1929) is a retired US military and paramilitary aviator.
Ambon Island is part of the Maluku Islands of Indonesia.
Amir Sjarifuddin Harahap, also spelled Amir Sjarifoeddin Harahap (27 April 1907 – 19 December 1948) was a socialist politician and one of the Indonesian Republic's first leaders, becoming Prime Minister during the country's National Revolution.
Amirmachmud (Cimahi, West Java, 21 February 1923 – Bandung, West Java, 21 April 1995) was an Indonesian Military General who was an eyewitness to the signing of the Supersemar document transferring power from President Sukarno to General Suharto.
The Ampera Cabinet (Kabinet Ampera) was the Indonesian Cabinet which served under President Sukarno and later on, Acting President Suharto from July 1966 until October 1967.
Anak Agung Bagus Suteja (1923 - 1966?) was the first governor of Bali, appointed by President Sukarno in 1958, when Bali became a province.
Anak Perawan di Sarang Penjamun (Perfected Spelling: Anak Perawan di Sarang Penyamun; literally The Virgin in the Robbers' Nest) is a 1962 Indonesian film directed and produced by Usmar Ismail for PERFINI.
Ancol is a coastal lowland area located to the east of Kota Tua Jakarta in northern Jakarta, in Indonesia.
Taman Impian Jaya Ancol otherwise known as Ancol Dreamland is an integral part of Ancol Bay City, a resort destination located along Jakarta's waterfront, in Ancol Kelurahan, Pademangan, Indonesia.
Sir Andrew Graham Gilchrist (19 April 1910 – 6 March 1993) was a British Special Operations Executive operative who later served as the United Kingdom's Ambassador to Ireland, Indonesia, and Iceland during the Cold War.
Andrzej Michał Wawrzyniak (born in Warsaw, Poland, 3 December 1931) is a sailor, diplomat, connoisseur and collector of Oriental art, and Founder, Lifetime Director, and Chief Curator of the Asia and Pacific Museum in Warsaw.
Andy Tielman (30 May 1936 – 10 November 2011) Retrieved 11 November 2011.
Anggun Cipta Sasmi (born 29 April 1974) is an Indonesian and French-naturalised singer-songwriter.
Angkasa Pura (Sanskrit for Sky City) is the name used by two separate state enterprises of the Indonesian Department of Transport that are responsible for the management of airports in Indonesia.
Antara is an Indonesian news agency organized as a private company under the Ministry of State-owned Enterprises.
Robert Anthony Eden, 1st Earl of Avon, (12 June 1897 – 14 January 1977) was a British Conservative politician who served three periods as Foreign Secretary and then a relatively brief term as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1955 to 1957.
General Sir Anthony Heritage Farrar-Hockley, (8 April 1924 – 11 March 2006), affectionately known as 'Farrar the Para', was a British Army officer and a military historian who distinguished himself in a number of British conflicts.
Anthony Alexander Poshepny (September 18, 1924 – June 27, 2003), known as Tony Poe, was a CIA paramilitary officer in what is now called Special Activities Division.
Anti-communist mass killings are the political mass murders of communists, alleged communists, or their alleged supporters by people, political organizations or governments opposed to communism.
Antonio Maria Blanco (15 September 1912 – 10 December 1999) was a painter of Spanish and American descent.
The APRA coup d'état was a coup d'état by Raymond Westerling's Legion of Ratu Adil (APRA) to capture Bandung and Jakarta, and to overthrow Sukarno’s unitary Republic of Indonesia.
The following events occurred in April 1965.
The architecture of Indonesia reflects the diversity of cultural, historical and geographic influences that have shaped Indonesia as a whole.
Adrianus Wilhelmus "Arie" Smit (15 April 1916 – 23 March 2016) was a Dutch-born Indonesian painter who lived on Bali.
Arifin Bey (5 March 1925 – 2 September 2010) was born in Padang Panjang, West Sumatra in the Minangkabau Highlands, one year before the Communist revolt in 1926, and three years before the participants of Youth Conference in 1928 avowed themselves to be one people, the Indonesian people, constituting one nation, Indonesia, with one language Bahasa Indonesia.
Ario Bayu (born 6 February 1985) is an Indonesian actor.
Puspomad (Indonesian: Pusat Polisi Militer Angkatan Darat) or Army Military Police Command, which all of its personnel are part of the Military Police Corps (CPM) (Indonesian: Korps Polisi Militer) is one of the military general technical functions of the Indonesian Army which has the role for administering administrative assistance and as embodiment and guidance through the operation of Military Police functions.
Arnoldus Isaac Zacharias Mononutu (4 December 1896 – 5 September 1983) was a nationalist involved in the struggle for Indonesian independence.
Sheikh Mas Mohammad Arsyad Thawil al-Bantani (1851 – March 19, 1934) better known as Sheikh Arsyad Thawil was an ulama (Islamic scholar) and Indonesian hero who also fought on the Cilegon War from 9 to 30 July 1888 with Ki Wasyid, Tubagus Ismail, and others.
The ASEAN Declaration or Bangkok Declaration is the founding document of Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN).
Asia Raya (also spelled Asia Raja; 'Grand Asia') was a newspaper published in the Dutch East Indies (modern day Indonesia) during the Japanese occupation.
The Asian Games, also known as Asiad, is a continental multi-sport event held every four years among athletes from all over Asia.
Assaat Datuk Mudo (18 September 1904 – 16 June 1976), known as Mr.
Association of Political Organisations of the Indonesian People (Indonesian: Pemufakatan Perhimpunan-perhimpunan Politik Kebangsaan Indonesia, (abbrev: PPPKI), was one of the key anti-colonial political umbrella organizations championing for independence in Indonesia (present-day of Netherlands East Indies) during Dutch colonial rule. PPPKI attempt at uniting disparate key pre-Second World War pan-Indies political reformist and nationalism movements such as Partai Sosialis Indonesia (Socialist Party of Indonesia), Budi Utomo (Great Endeavour), Partai Nasional Indonesia (Indonesian National Party), Paguyuban Pasundan, Jong Sumatranen Bond (Association of Sumatran Youth), Pemuda Kaum Betawi, and Kelompok Studi Indonesia. PPPKI was established on 17 December 1927 at Bandung, notably by then PNI's charismatic leader and future first President of Indonesia, Soekarno, in an attempt to unite nationalist and reformist efforts against colonial rule in the Netherlands East Indies, championing for independence. However, PPPKI was conflict-ridden from the start, and key members disagreed on many policies that the umbrella organisation should undertake, most significantly the argument between radical members of PPPKI advocating non-cooperation with the colonialists, and moderate members opposing such a stance. While PPPKI failed to achieve most of its intended goals, PPPKI was instrumental in the proclamation of the Sumpah Pemuda (Youth Oath) of 1928, in which nationalist symbols of Indonesia were adopted, namely, Bahasa Indonesia - a variant of Bahasa Melayu, was named the lingua franca; the presentation of "Indonesia Raya", the national anthem, and the red-white national flag, or Sang Saka Merah Putih, symbolising the Indonesian independence movement.
Atambua is the regency seat of Belu Regency, East Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia.
Brigadier Aubertin Walter Sothern Mallaby CIE OBE (12 December 1899 – 30 October 1945) was a British Indian Army officer killed in a shootout during the Battle of Surabaya in what was then the Netherlands East Indies during the Indonesian National Revolution.
The following events occurred in August 1933.
The following events occurred in August 1945.
The following events occurred in August 1950.
The following events occurred in August 1959.
The following events occurred in August 1962.
Australia–Indonesia relations refers to the foreign relations between Australia and one of its few neighboring countries, Indonesia.
The Austronesian languages are a language family that is widely dispersed throughout Maritime Southeast Asia, Madagascar and the islands of the Pacific Ocean, with a few members in continental Asia.
The Austronesian peoples are various groups in Southeast Asia, Oceania and East Africa that speak languages that are under the Austronesian language super-family.
The first privately owned airport in Samarinda, Borneo, was located at Mahakam.
The Axis powers (Achsenmächte; Potenze dell'Asse; 枢軸国 Sūjikukoku), also known as the Axis and the Rome–Berlin–Tokyo Axis, were the nations that fought in World War II against the Allied forces.
André Aumars (26 October 1928 – 8 October 2011), born Ayik Umar Said, was an Indonesian-born French journalist and activist.
Baby Constance Irene Theresia Huwae (22 November 1939 – 5 June 1989) was an Indonesian film actress and singer.
Bachtiar Effendi (also spelled Bachtiar Effendy; after 1903 – 1 April 1976) was an Indonesian film actor and director who also served as a cultural critic.
Bahder Djohan (July 30, 1902 in Padang – March 8, 1981 in Jakarta) was the 6th Minister of Education and Culture of Indonesia.
Balai Sarbini (Indonesian "Sarbini Hall") is a dome-roofed auditorium and concert hall located in central Jakarta.
Bali (Balinese:, Indonesian: Pulau Bali, Provinsi Bali) is an island and province of Indonesia with the biggest Hindu population.
Balikpapan is a seaport city on the east coast of the island of Borneo, in the Indonesian province of East Kalimantan.
Bandung (Sundanese:, Bandung, formerly Dutch: Bandoeng), is the capital of West Java province in Indonesia and Greater Bandung made up of 2 municipalities and 38 districts, making it Indonesia's 2nd largest metropolitan area with over 8.5 millions inhabitants listed in the 2015 Badan Pusat Statistik data.
The first large-scale Asian–African or Afro–Asian Conference—also known as the Bandung Conference (Konferensi Asia-Afrika)—was a meeting of Asian and African states, most of which were newly independent, which took place on April 18–24, 1955 in Bandung, Indonesia.
The Bandung Institute of Technology or Institute of Technology, Bandung (Institut Teknologi Bandung, abbreviated as ITB) is a state, coeducational research university located in Bandung, Indonesia.
Bangka (or sometimes Banka) is an island lying east of Sumatra, administratively part of Sumatra, Indonesia, with a population of about 1 million.
PT Bank Rakyat Indonesia (Persero) Tbk (People's Bank of Indonesia, commonly known as BRI or Bank BRI) is one of the largest banks in Indonesia.
The first paper money (banknotes) used in the Indonesian archipelago was that of the United East Indies Company, credit letters of the rijksdaalder dating between 1783 and 1811.
Basuki Rahmat (4 November 1921 – 8 January 1969) was an Indonesian General and a witness to the signing of the Supersemar document transferring power from President Sukarno to General Suharto.
The Battle of Ambarawa (Palagan Ambarawa) was a battle between the recently created Indonesian Army and the British Army that occurred between 20 October and 15 December 1945 in Ambarawa, Indonesia.
The Battle of Arafura Sea (Pertempuran Laut Aru), also known as the Battle of Vlakke Hoek (Slag bij Vlakke Hoek), was a naval battle in the Vlakke Hoek Bay (Etna Bay) of the Arafura Sea in Western New Guinea on January 15, 1962 between Indonesia and the Netherlands.
The Battle of Medan (Pertempuran Medan) was a battle between Allied forces and the Indonesian Army in Medan, North Sumatra, and its surrounding area during the Indonesian National Revolution.
The Battle of Plaman Mapu (27 April 1965) was one of the largest battles of the Indonesia-Malaysia Confrontation, a protracted undeclared war between Indonesia and a British-led Commonwealth of Nations over the creation of a new Malaysian state.
The Battle of Sungei Koemba (27 May – 12 June 1965) took place during the Indonesia–Malaysia confrontation.
The Battle of Surabaya was fought between pro-independence Indonesian soldiers and militia against British and British Indian troops as a part of the Indonesian National Revolution.
Bedugul is a mountain lake resort area in Bali, Indonesia, located in the centre-north region of the island near Lake Bratan on the road between Denpasar and Singaraja the area covers the villages of Bedugul itself, Candikuning, Pancasari, Pacung and Wanagiri amongst others.
Belenggoe (Perfected Spelling: Belenggu; translated to English as Shackles) is a novel by Indonesian author Armijn Pane.
The Bendera Pusaka Sang Saka Merah Putih (The Sacred Red and White Heirloom Flag) was the first Indonesian flag.
Bengkulu, historically known as Bencoolen or British Bencoolen, is one of the Provinces of Indonesia and is located in the southwest coast of Sumatra.
Bengkulu City (Kota Bengkulu, Rejangese: ꤷꥍꤲ꥓ꤰꥈꤾꥈ, English historic name: Bencoolen, Dutch historic: Benkulen or Benkoelen) is a city on the west coast of Sumatra in Indonesia.The city is the second largest city on the west coast of Sumatra Island after Padang.
Benteng program is an economic policy enacted by the government of Indonesia in April 1950 and officially stopped in 1957.
Berita Film Indonesia (abbreviated BFI; "Indonesian News Films") was the first government-owned film production company of Indonesia.
The Berkeley Mafia was the term given to a group of U.S.-educated Indonesian economists who were given technocratic positions under the new government established by Suharto in Indonesia in the late 1960s.
Bernard Wilhelm "B.
Bernas is a daily newspaper in Yogyakarta, Indonesia.
Bersiap is the name given by the Dutch to a violent and chaotic phase of the Indonesian National Revolution following the end of World War II.
Bijayananda Patnaik, popularly known as Biju Patnaik (ବିଜୁ ପଟ୍ଟନାୟକ)(5 March 1916 – 17 April 1997) was an Indian politician and 3rd Chief Minister of Odisha for two terms.
Ahmad Syech Albar (27 September 1927 – 17 December 1974), better known by his stage name Bing Slamet, was an Indonesian singer, songwriter, comedian, and actor.
Bintang Mahaputra Adipurna is Bintang Mahaputra Class I. The star was the highest civilian award, but was issued and awarded after the Star of the Republic of Indonesia to members of the military corps.
Blasphemy law in Indonesia (Undang-undang Penistaan Agama) is the legislation, presidential decrees, and ministerial directives that prohibit blasphemy in Indonesia.
Blitar is a city in East Java, Indonesia, about 73 km from Malang and 167 km from Surabaya.
Air Marshal Boediardjo (16 November 1921 – 15 March 1997) was Indonesian Minister of Information (1968 - 1973) for Indonesian First Development Cabinet (Kabinet Pembangunan I).
Institut Pertanian Bogor (IPB or Bogor Agricultural University) is a state-run agricultural university based in the city of Bogor, Indonesia.
The Bogor Palace (Indonesian:Istana Bogor, Dutch:Het Paleis te Buitenzorg) is one of 6 Presidential Palaces of Indonesia, it is located in the city of Bogor, West Java.
Borneo (Pulau Borneo) is the third largest island in the world and the largest in Asia.
Borobudur, or Barabudur (Candi Borobudur, Candhi Barabudhur) is a 9th-century Mahayana Buddhist temple in Magelang Regency, not far from the town of Muntilan, in Central Java, Indonesia.
The Brunei revolt (Pemberontakan Brunei) was a December 1962 insurrection in the British protectorate of Brunei by opponents of its monarchy and its proposed inclusion in the Federation of Malaysia.
The Bulu prison massacre was an incident that took place in Bulu prison, Semarang, Central Java, occurring late in World War II in which over one hundred Japanese POWs were killed by Indonesian forces.
Bung Karno Seclusion House refers to two houses Sukarno lived in during his time in exile.
Burhanuddin Harahap (27 December 1917 – 14 June 1987) was the ninth Prime Minister of Indonesia.
The Burhanuddin Harahap was an Indonesian cabinet, named after the Prime Minister, that served from 11 August 1955 until 3 March 1956.
The Cabinet of the Republic of Indonesia (Kabinet Republik Indonesia) is part of the executive branch of the Indonesian government.
Cambodia–Indonesia relations refers to the bilateral relations of Cambodia and Indonesia.
Carel Huibert Valchaire de Villeneuve (1897–1974) was a lawyer and director of business associations in colonial Indonesia during the 1920s–1940s, and a public servant and advisor to the Indonesian government on trade policy during the 1950s–1960s.
The Central All-Indonesian Workers Organization (Sentral Organisasi Buruh Seluruh Indonesia (SOBSI)) was the largest trade union federation in Indonesia.
The Central Indonesian National Committee (Komite Nasional Indonesia Pusat) or KNIP, was a body appointed to assist the president of the newly independent Indonesia.
The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is a civilian foreign intelligence service of the United States federal government, tasked with gathering, processing, and analyzing national security information from around the world, primarily through the use of human intelligence (HUMINT).
Central Java (Jawa Tengah, abbreviated as Jateng) is a province of Indonesia.
Chairul Saleh Dt Paduko Rajo (September 13, 1916 – February 8, 1967) was born in Sawahlunto, West Sumatra.
Charles Prosper Wolff Schoemaker (25 July 1882 – 22 May 1949) was a Dutch architect who designed several distinguished Art Deco buildings in Bandung, Indonesia, including the Villa Isola and Hotel Preanger.
Ernesto "Che" Guevara (June 14, 1928 – October 9, 1967)The date of birth recorded on was June 14, 1928, although one tertiary source, (Julia Constenla, quoted by Jon Lee Anderson), asserts that he was actually born on May 14 of that year.
Chen Chih-hsiung (18 February 1916 – 28 May 1963) was a Taiwanese independence activist.
The office of the Chief Martial Law Administrator was a senior government authoritative post created in countries such as Pakistan, Bangladesh and Indonesia that gave considerable executive authority and powers to the holder of the post to enforce martial law in the country in an events to ensure the continuity of government.
China–Indonesia relations refer to the foreign relations between China and Indonesia.
Chinese Indonesians (Indonesian: Orang Tionghoa-Indonesia) are Indonesians descended from various Chinese ethnic groups, primarily the Han Chinese.
Chinese New Year, usually known as the Spring Festival in modern China, is an important Chinese festival celebrated at the turn of the traditional lunisolar Chinese calendar.
Christopher John Koch AO (16 July 1932 – 23 September 2013) was an Australian novelist, known for his 1978 novel The Year of Living Dangerously, which was adapted into an award-winning film.
Chrismansyah Rahadi (16 September 1949 – 30 March 2007), born Christian Rahadi but better known by his stage name of Chrisye, was an Indonesian progressive pop singer and songwriter.
This is a non-exhaustive chronology of colonialism-related events, which may reflect political events, cultural events, and important global events that have influenced colonization and decolonization.
This is a list of activities carried out by the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency in Indonesia.
Cynthia "Cindy" Adams (née Sugar; later Heller; born April 24, 1930) is an American gossip columnist and writer.
Though the cinema of Indonesia has a long history, the industry is struggling and developing.
Cipanas is the administrative village of Cipanas District, in the northern part of the Cianjur Regency, West Java, Indonesia.
Cipanas Palace (Istana Cipanas) is one of the six presidential palaces of Republic of Indonesia.
Civil Air Transport (CAT) was a Nationalist Chinese airline, later owned by the CIA, that supported United States covert operations throughout East and Southeast Asia.
Indonesian rupiah coinage was first issued in 1951 and 1952, a year or so later than the first Indonesian rupiah banknotes printed following the peace treaty with The Netherlands, agreed in November 1949.
The Cold War was a state of geopolitical tension after World War II between powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union and its satellite states) and powers in the Western Bloc (the United States, its NATO allies and others).
Within nations occupied by the Axis Powers in World War II, some citizens and organizations, prompted by nationalism, ethnic hatred, anti-communism, antisemitism, opportunism, self-defense, or often a combination, knowingly collaborated with the Axis Powers.
Communal work is a gathering for mutually accomplishing a task or for communal fundraising, for example through a knitting bee.
The Communist insurgency in Sarawak occurred in Malaysia from 1962 to 1990, and involved the North Kalimantan Communist Party and the Malaysian Government.
The Communist Party of Indonesia (Indonesian: Partai Komunis Indonesia, PKI) was a communist party in Indonesia that existed throughout the mid-20th century.
The Communist Party of Indonesia (Red) (Partai Komunis Indonesia (merah), PKI Merah) was a political party in Indonesia.
A communist revolution is a proletarian revolution often, but not necessarily inspired by the ideas of Marxism that aims to replace capitalism with communism, typically with socialism as an intermediate stage.
Malaysian and Indonesian are two standardised registers of the Malay language, used in Malaysia and Indonesia, respectively.
The Conference of the New Emerging Forces (CONEFO) was an effort by President Sukarno of Indonesia to create a new bloc of "emerging countries" that would be an alternative power centre to the United Nations and to the "old established forces" - a category in which Sukarno included both the United States and the Soviet Union.
The Conference of Youth and Students of Southeast Asia Fighting for Freedom and Independence, also referred to as the Southeast Asian Youth Conference, was an international youth and students event held in Calcutta, India on February 19–23, 1948.
Luitenant-Admiraal Conrad Emil Lambert Helfrich, GNL, KCB (11 October 1886 – 20 September 1962) of the Royal Netherlands Navy was a leading Dutch naval figure of World War II.
The Constitution of Indonesia (Undang-Undang Dasar Republik Indonesia 1945, UUD '45) is the basis for the government of Indonesia.
The Constitutional Assembly (Konstituante.) was a body elected in 1955 to draw up a permanent constitution for the Republic of Indonesia.
A Preliminary Analysis of the October 1, 1965, Coup in Indonesia, more commonly known as the "Cornell Paper", is an academic publication detailing the events of an abortive coup d'état attempt by the self-proclaimed September 30 Movement, produced on January 10, 1966.
The Crescent Star Party (Partai Bulan Bintang) is a political party in Indonesia.
Cuba–Indonesia relations refers to the bilateral relations of Cuba and the Republic of Indonesia.
The culture of Indonesia has been shaped by long interaction between original indigenous customs and multiple foreign influences.
Cut Nyak Dhien or Tjoet Nja' Dhien (1848, Lampadang – November 6, 1908, Sumedang) was a leader of the Acehnese guerrilla forces during the Aceh War.
Djadoeg Djajakusuma (1 August 1918 – 28 October 1987), generally credited as D. Djajakusuma, was an Indonesian film director and promoter of traditional art forms.
Dipa Nusantara Aidit (born Ahmad Aidit; 30 July 1923 – 22 November 1965) was a senior leader of the Communist Party of Indonesia (PKI).
Dakota VT-CLA was a Douglas C-47 Skytrain carrying medical supplies to the national government of Indonesia at Yogyakarta on 29 July 1947.
Daniel Saul Lev (October 23, 1933 – July 29, 2006) was an American political scientist and scholar on Indonesia.
Dara Puspita were an all-female pop group from Surabaya, Indonesia active in the 1960s and early 1970s.
Darah dan Doa (Indonesian for Blood and Prayer, released internationally as The Long March) is a 1950 Indonesian war film directed and produced by Usmar Ismail.
Darul Islam (meaning House of Islam), also known as Darul Islam/Islamic Armed Forces of Indonesia (Darul Islam/Tentara Islam Indonesia, DI/TII) was an Islamist group in Indonesia that fought for the establishment of an Islamic state of Indonesia.
The Darul Islam rebellion was a war waged between 1949 and 1962 by the Islamic State of Indonesia, commonly known as Darul Islam, to establish an Islamic state in Indonesia.
Initially David Barnett was a Special Agent of the U.S. Army Counter Intelligence Corps (CIC) serving with the 308th CIC Detachment in Seoul, Korea in 1958 and January 1959.
David Wise (born 1930) is an American journalist and author who worked for the New York Herald-Tribune in the 1950s and 1960s, and published a series of non-fiction books on espionage and US politics as well as several spy novels.
The Dayak or Dyak or Dayuh are the native people of Borneo.
The Dayak Unity Party (Partai Persatuan Dayak, PPD) was a political party in Indonesia.
De-Sukarnoization, also spelled de-Soekarnoization, is a policy from the transition to the New Order with which Suharto intended to defame Indonesia's first president, Sukarno, and lessen his presence in Indonesian history.
The former President and First Secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba, Fidel Castro died of natural causes at 22:29 (CST) in the evening of 25 November 2016.
On 15 October 2012, former Cambodian King and Prime Minister Norodom Sihanouk died at the age of 89, in Beijing, China, after suffering health issues.
A death squad is an armed group that conducts extrajudicial killings or forced disappearances of persons for the purposes of political repression, genocide, or revolutionary terror.
The following events occurred in December 1948.
The following events occurred in December 1949.
The following events occurred in December 1950.
The following events occurred in December 1961.
A declaration of independence or declaration of statehood is an assertion by a defined territory that it is independent and constitutes a state.
The decolonization of Asia was the gradual growth of independence movements in Asia, leading ultimately to the retreat of foreign powers and the creation of a number of nation-states in the region.
The decolonization of Oceania occurred after World War II when nations in Oceania achieved independence by transitioning from European colonial rule to full independence.
Decolonization (American English) or decolonisation (British English) is the undoing of colonialism: where a nation establishes and maintains its domination over one or more other territories.
Deli Company (Dutch language: Deli Maatschappij) is a trading and distribution company in the timber, construction product and tobacco industries.
Deva Mahenra (Makassar, April 19, 1990) is an actor, model and presenter from Indonesia.
A diarchy (from Greek δι-, di-, "double", and -αρχία, -arkhía, "ruled").
Diosdado Pangan Macapagal (September 28, 1910 – April 21, 1997) was the ninth President of the Philippines, serving from 1961 to 1965, and the sixth Vice-President, serving from 1957 to 1961.
The Diplomatic history of World War II includes the major foreign policies and interactions inside the opposing coalitions, the Allies and the Axis powers.
Dirgantara Mandala Museum, officially known as the Central Museum of Indonesian Air Force "Dirgantara Mandala" is a central museum of the Indonesian Air Force.
Dirgantara Monument (Indonesian Monumen Patung Dirgantara), also known as Gatot Kaca Monument after the Javanese ''wayang'' figure, is a monument located in Jakarta, Indonesia.
Major-general Dirk Reinhard Adelbert van Langen (Magelang, May 17, 1898 – Doorn, January 20, 1983) was a member of the Chief of Staff of the Royal Netherlands East Indies Army the Territorial Commander of East-Java and commander of the T brigade during the Indonesian war of Independence of the Royal Netherlands East Indies Army in the Dutch East Indies, from 1946 to 1949, during the Indonesian National Revolution.
Gusti Pangeran Harjo Djatikusumo (born in Surakarta, Central Java, July 1, 1917 - died in Jakarta, July 4, 1992 at the age of 75 years) is the former Chief of Staff of the Army of the first (1948–1949) and former Ambassador to Singapore (1958–1960).
Djawoto (Perfected Spelling: Jawoto; August 10, 1906 – 1992) was an Indonesian journalist and diplomat.
Raden Moehamad Djoehana Wiradikarta (born 18 September 1896 in Bandung, Indonesia – died in 1986 in Bandung) was a professor in microbiology and serology at the Bandung Institute of Technology and the faculty of medicine at Padjadjaran University, also in Bandung.
The Djuanda Cabinet, or "Working Cabinet" (Kabinet Karya) was an Indonesian cabinet that served from 9 April 1957 until 5 July 1959, when it was dissolved by a decree from President Sukarno.
Raden (Lord) Djuanda Kartawidjaja (14 January 1911, Tasikmalaya, West Java – 7 November 1963, Jakarta) was an ethnic Sundanese noble from the court of Cirebon, an Indonesian politician and the 11th and the final Prime Minister of Indonesia.
Doctor is an academic title that originates from the Latin word of the same spelling and meaning.
The domino theory was a theory prominent from the 1950s to the 1980s that posited that if one country in a region came under the influence of communism, then the surrounding countries would follow in a domino effect.
Donald Kirk is a veteran correspondent and noted author on conflict and crisis from Southeast Asia to the Middle East to Northeast Asia.
Donna Harun (born February 21, 1968) is an Indonesian actress and model of Dutch-Indonesian descent.
The Douglas A-26 Invader (designated B-26 between 1948 and 1965) is an American twin-engined light bomber and ground attack aircraft.
The MPR/DPR Building is the seat of government for the Indonesian legislative, which comprises the People's Consultative Assembly (Majelis Permusyawaratan Rakyat, MPR) the People's Representative Council (Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat, DPR) and the Regional Representatives Council (Dewan Perwakilan Daerah, DPD).
A dukun is a Malay term for shaman.
Dunaújváros (formerly known as Dunapentele and Sztálinváros; Neustadt an der Donau Пантелија/Pantelija) is an industrial city in Fejér County, Central Hungary.
The Dutch East Indies (or Netherlands East-Indies; Nederlands(ch)-Indië; Hindia Belanda) was a Dutch colony consisting of what is now Indonesia.
The Dutch Empire (Het Nederlandse Koloniale Rijk) comprised the overseas colonies, enclaves, and outposts controlled and administered by Dutch chartered companies, mainly the Dutch West India and the Dutch East India Company, and subsequently by the Dutch Republic (1581–1795), and the modern Kingdom of the Netherlands since 1815.
Dutch Indies literature or Dutch East Indies literature (Dutch: Indische letteren or Nederlands Indische literatuur, Indonesia: Sastra Hindia Belanda.) is a section of Dutch literature encompassing Dutch language literature inspired by colonial and post-colonial Insulinde from the Dutch Golden Age to the present day.
The Dutch–Indonesian Round Table Conference was held in The Hague from 23 August to 2 November 1949, between representatives of the Netherlands, the Republic of Indonesia and the BFO (Federal Consultative Assembly) representing various states the Dutch had created in the Indonesian archipelago.
Dwifungsi ("dual function") was a doctrine implemented by Suharto's military-dominated "New Order" government in Indonesia following the removal of President Sukarno.
The Dwikora Cabinet, (Kabinet Dwikora), was the 21st Indonesian cabinet.
A dynasty is a sequence of rulers from the same family,Oxford English Dictionary, "dynasty, n." Oxford University Press (Oxford), 1897.
Eagle Oil and Shipping Company was a United Kingdom merchant shipping company that operated oil tankers between the Gulf of Mexico and the UK.
Suharto (8 June 1921 – 27 January 2008) was the second President of Indonesia, having held the office for 31 years from 1967 following Sukarno's removal until his resignation in 1998.
The 2018 East Java gubernatorial election took place on 27 June 2018 as part of the simultaneous local elections.
The State of East Sumatra (Negara Sumatera Timur) was established by the Netherlands after the reoccupation of North Sumatra in July, 1947, during the first of the Dutch "police actions" against the fledgling Republic of Indonesia.
The economic history of Indonesia is shaped by its geographic location, its natural resources, as well as its people that inhabited the archipelagic realm that today formed the modern nation of the Republic of Indonesia.
Admiral Raden Eddy Martadinata (often stylised R. E. Martadinata; 29 March 1921 – 6 October 1966) was an Indonesian Navy admiral and diplomat.
Edhi Sunarso, born Sunarso, (July 2, 1932 – January 4, 2016) was an Indonesian sculptor and public artist known for numerous well-known monuments and landmarks found throughout Jakarta, including the Selamat Datang Monument and Dirgantara statue (Patung Dirgantara), also called the Pancoran Monument, in Pancoran, South Jakarta.
Elias Tari (17 April 1926 - 29 April 1978) was the Governor of East Nusa Tenggara from 1966 to 1978.
Elpidio Rivera Quirino (born Elpidío Quiríno y Rivera; November 16, 1890 – February 29, 1956) was a Filipino politician of ethnic Ilocano descent who served as the sixth President of the Philippines from 1948 to 1953.
The Embassy of the United States to the Republic of Indonesia is located in Jakarta just south of the Monas at Jalan Medan Merdeka Selatan.
The Emergency Government of the Republic of Indonesia (Pemerintahan Darurat Republik Indonesia), (PDRI) was established by Indonesian Republicans after the Netherlands occupied Yogyakarta in Central Java the location of the temporary Republican capital.
Ende is the seat capital of the Ende Regency, East Nusa Tenggara province of Indonesia.
Siebren Erik Hazelhoff Roelfzema (3 April 1917 – 26 September 2007) was a Dutch writer who became a resistance fighter and RAF pilot during the Second World War.
Ernest François Eugène Douwes Dekker as known as Setyabudi or Setiabudi (8 October 1879 – 28 August 1950) was an Indonesian-Dutch nationalist and politician of Indo descent.
Eros Djarot (born Rangkasbitung, Banten, 22 July 1950) is an Indonesian songwriter, director and politician.
Eu Chooi Yip (1918 - 1995) was a prominent member of the anti-colonial and Communist movements in Malaya and Singapore in the 1950s and 60s.
Fadjar Harapan ('Dawn of Hope') was a short-lived Indonesian pioneer organization, linked to the Communist Party of Indonesia (PKI).
Kyai Hajji Fakih Usman (also Faqih Usman;; 2 March 1904 – 3 October 1968) was an Indonesian Islamic leader and politician with the Masyumi Party.
Suharto resigned as president of Indonesia in May 1998 following the collapse of support for his three-decade long presidency.
The Father of the Nation is an honorific title given to a man considered the driving force behind the establishment of his country, state, or nation.
K.H. Fathurrahman Kafrawi (1901–1969) was the Minister of Religion in Indonesia from 1946 to 1947.
Fatmawati (5 February 1923 – 14 May 1980) is a National Hero of Indonesia (Pahlawan Nasional Indonesia).
Fatmawati Soekarno Airport, formerly Padangkemiling Airport, is an airport in Bengkulu, a city in the Bengkulu province of Indonesia.
The following events occurred in February 1966.
The following events occurred in February 1967.
The 1949 Federal Constitution of the United States of Indonesia (Konstitusi Republik Indonesia Serikat) replaced the 1945 Constitution of Indonesia when sovereignty was officially transferred from the Netherlands to Indonesia following the Dutch-Indonesian Round Table Conference.
The painter Fendry Ekel (born 1971, Jakarta) is based in Berlin and Yogyakarta.
Ferdinand Lumbantobing (19 February 1899 – 7 October 1962) was Minister of Manpower and Transmigration of the Republic of Indonesia, Minister for Communications and Information of the Republic of Indonesia, Minister of Health of the Republic of Indonesia, and Governor of North Sumatra, who is now regarded as a National Hero of Indonesia.
The First Ali Sastroamidjojo Cabinet was an Indonesian cabinet named after the Prime Minister, and also known as 'Kabinet IV', that served from 1 August 1953 until 24 July 1955.
The first Amir Sjarifuddin Cabinet (Kabinet Amir Sjarifuddin Pertama) was the fifth Indonesian cabinet and was in office from 3 July to 11 November 1947.
The First Hatta Cabinet (Kabinet Hatta I), also known as the Presidential Cabinet, was Indonesia's seventh cabinet.
The First Indochina War (generally known as the Indochina War in France, and as the Anti-French Resistance War in Vietnam) began in French Indochina on 19 December 1946, and lasted until 20 July 1954.
The First Lady and First Gentleman of Indonesia is the title attributed to the wife or husband of the President of Indonesia.
The First Quarter Storm (Sigwa ng Unang Sangkapat) was a period of civil unrest in the Philippines, composed of a series of heavy demonstrations, protests, and marches against the government from January to March 1970, or the first quarter of 1970.
The first Sjahrir Cabinet (Kabinet Sjahrir Pertama) was the second Indonesian cabinet, named after the Prime Minister.
The First Working Cabinet, (Kabinet Kerja I), was an Indonesian cabinet that served from 9 July 1959 until 18 February 1960, when President Sukarno reshuffled it.
The Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence, known as the Panchsheel Treaty: Non-interference in others internal affairs and respect for each other's territorial unity integrity and sovereignty (from Sanskrit, panch: five, sheel: virtues), are a set of principles to govern relations between states.
The Flag of Indonesia is a simple bicolour with two equal horizontal bands, red (top) and white (bottom) with an overall ratio of 2:3.
The United States has been involved in a number of foreign interventions throughout its history.
The foreign relations of the People's Republic of China (PRC), commonly known to most states as China, guides the way in which China interacts with foreign nations and expresses its political, economic and cultural strengths, weaknesses and values.
Foreign relations of the Arab Republic of Egypt are the Egyptian government's external relations with the outside world.
The Ministry of External Affairs of India (MEA), also known as the Foreign Ministry, is the government agency responsible for the conduct of foreign relations of India.
Since independence, Indonesia foreign relations have adhered to a "free and active" foreign policy, seeking to play a role in regional affairs commensurate with its size and location but avoiding involvement in conflicts among major powers.
Malaysia is an active member of various international organisations, including the Commonwealth of Nations, the United Nations, the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, and the Non-Aligned Movement.
The foreign relations of North Korea – officially the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) – have been shaped by its conflict with capitalist countries like South Korea and its historical ties with world communism.
Foreign relations of the Axis powers includes states which were not officially members of the Axis but had relations with one or more Axis members.
Fort Vredeburg Museum (Official Indonesian name, Museum Benteng Vredeburg Yogyakarta), was a former colonial fortress located in the city of Yogyakarta.
The Fourth Working Cabinet, (Kabinet Kerja IV), was an Indonesian cabinet that resulted from regrouping of the previous cabinet by President Sukarno.
Franklin Latimore (born Franklin Latimore Kline, September 28, 1925 – November 29, 1998) was an American actor.
Frans Johannes Goedhart (25 January 1904 – 3 March 1990) was a Dutch journalist, politician and during World War II member of the Dutch resistance.
Frans Kaisiepo (10 October 1921 – 10 April 1979) was the fourth Governor of the Papua Province and a National Hero of Indonesia (Pahlawan Nasional Indonesia).
Frans Sumarto Mendur (16 April 1913 – 24 April 1971) was an Indonesian journalistic photographer whose photos of the Proclamation of Indonesian Independence were the only photos published of the historic event.
Franciscus Xaverius Seda, AM (4 October 192631 December 2009), popularly known as Frans Seda, was an Indonesian finance minister in the early days of Suharto's presidency.
Ir. Freddy Jaques Inkiriwang (2 September 1912 – 19 October 1972) was a former Indonesian Minister of Industry in the Djuanda Cabinet.
Air Chief Marshal Sir Frederick Rudolph William Scherger, (18 May 190416 January 1984) was a senior commander in the Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF).
The Free Aceh Movement (Gerakan Aceh Merdeka or simply GAM, Geurakan Acèh Meurdèka, also: Gěrakan Aceh Měrdeka) was a separatist group seeking independence for the Aceh region of Sumatra from Indonesia.
The Free Papua Movement (Organisasi Papua Merdeka - OPM) is an umbrella term for the independence movement established during 1965 in the West Papuan or West New Guinea territory which is currently being administrated by Indonesia as the provinces of Papua and West Papua, also formerly known as Papua, Irian Jaya and West Irian.
Freemasonry was introduced by the Dutch to what is today Indonesia during the VOC era in the 18th century, and spread throughout the Dutch East Indies during a wave of westernisation in the 19th century.
Gerrit Augustinus Siwabessy (19 August 1914 – 11 November 1982) was the Minister of Health of the Republic of Indonesia.
G.I. Generation (also known as the WWII Generation, The Greatest Generation in the United States, or the Federation Generation in Australia) is the demographic cohort following the Lost Generation.
Gajah Mada (c. 1290 – c. 1364) was, according to Javanese old manuscripts, poems and mythology, a powerful military leader and Mahapatih or (equal to) Prime Minister of the Hindu empire of Majapahit, credited with bringing the empire to its peak of glory.
Gamal Abdel Nasser Hussein (جمال عبد الناصر حسين,; 15 January 1918 – 28 September 1970) was the second President of Egypt, serving from 1956 until his death in 1970.
The Games of the New Emerging Forces (GANEFO) were the games set up by Indonesia as a counter to the Olympic Games.
The Ganting Grand Mosque (Indonesian: Masjid Raya Ganting; also written and pronounced Gantiang in Minang) is a Sunni mosque located in Ganting, Padang, West Sumatra, Indonesia.
Garuda Indonesia (officially PT Garuda Indonesia (Persero) Tbk) is the national airline of Indonesia. Named after the holy bird Garuda of Hinduism from the national emblem of Indonesia, the airline is headquartered at Soekarno–Hatta International Airport in Tangerang, near Jakarta. As of 11 December 2014, the airline is rated as a 5-star airline by the international airline review firm Skytrax. The air carrier was previously known as Garuda Indonesian Airways. Founded in 1947 as KLM Interinsulair Bedrijf, the airline is now one of the world's leading airlines and the 20th member of the global airline alliance SkyTeam. It operates regularly scheduled flights to a large number of destinations in Southeast Asia, East Asia, South Asia, the Middle East, Australia and Europe from its main hub in Jakarta, Soekarno–Hatta International Airport, as well as services to Australia and Asia from Ngurah Rai International Airport (Bali) and a large number of domestic flights from both Sultan Hasanuddin International Airport (Makassar) and Kualanamu International Airport (Medan). At its peak in the late 1980s up to the mid-1990s, Garuda operated an extensive network of flights all over the world, with regularly scheduled services to Los Angeles, Paris, Rome, Fukuoka, Adelaide, Johannesburg, Cairo and other cities in Europe, Australia and Asia. In the late 1990s and early 2000s, a series of financial and operational difficulties hit the airline hard, which included the in-flight murder of a human rights activist, causing it to drastically cut back services. In 2009, the airline undertook a five-year modernization plan known as the Quantum Leap, which overhauled the airline's brand, livery, logo and uniforms, as well as newer, more modern aircraft and facilities and a renewed focus on international markets, and earning the airline awards such as Most Improved Airline, 5-Star Airline, and World's Best Cabin Crew. The airline also operated a budget subsidiary Citilink, which provided low-cost flights to multiple Indonesian destinations and was spun-off in 2012.
Gatot Soebroto (10 October 1907 in Banjoemas – 11 June 1962 in Djakarta) was an Indonesian general who began his military career with the Royal Dutch East Indies Army (KNIL) and rose to be deputy Army chief-of-staff.
Gatot Soebroto Army Hospital (Indonesian Rumah Sakit Pusat Angkatan Darat Gatot Soebroto, abbreviated as RSPAD Gatot Soebroto) or often Rumah Sakit Kepresidenan Gatot Soebroto (Presidential Hospital) is a hospital in Jakarta, Indonesia.
The Gedung Agung (English: Great Building) is one of 6 presidential palaces of Indonesia, it is located in the city Yogyakarta.
Gedung Antara ("Antara Building") is a Dutch colonial landmark in Jakarta.
Bung Karno Sports Arena (Gelanggang Olahraga Bung Karno, known as Gelora Bung Karno Sports Complex), formerly named Senayan Sports Arena (Gelanggang Olahraga Senayan) from 1969 to 2001, is a sports complex located between Gelora, Central Jakarta and Senayan, South Jakarta, Indonesia.
Gelora Bung Karno Main Stadium (Stadion Utama Gelora Bung Karno; literally "Bung Karno Sports Arena Main Stadium") is a multi-purpose stadium located at the center of the Gelora Bung Karno Sports Complex in Central Jakarta, Indonesia.
Genocide is the deliberate and systematic destruction, in whole or in part, of an ethnic, racial, religious or national group.
George McTurnan KahinSometimes referred to as George Kahin or George McT.
Gerakan Pramuka Indonesia (Indonesian Scout Movement) is the national Scouting organization of Indonesia.
Gerwani (Gerakan Wanita Indonesia, or Indonesian Women's Movement) was a women's organization founded as Gerwis (Gerakan Wanita Indonesia Sedar, or Movement of Conscious Indonesian Women) in Semarang on 4 June 1950.
Gie is a 2005 Indonesian film directed by Riri Riza.
The Gilchrist Document is a much cited letter from 1965 often used to support arguments for Western involvement in the overthrow of Sukarno in Indonesia.
Giri Tunggal Heroes' Cemetery (also spelled Giritunggal Heroes' Cemetery; Indonesian: Taman Makam Pahlawan Giri Tunggal) is a cemetery in Semarang, Central Java.
Golden Triangle of Jakarta (Segitiga Emas Jakarta) is roughly a triangular shape area of Jakarta, Indonesia, which extends from Central Jakarta to South Jakarta.
The Party of the Functional Groups (Partai Golongan Karya) is a political party in Indonesia.
Edward Gough Whitlam (11 July 191621 October 2014) was the 21st Prime Minister of Australia, serving from 1972 to 1975.
The term Government of Indonesia (Indonesian: Pemerintah Indonesia) can have a number of different meanings.
The Grand Mosque of Bandung (Indonesian Masjid Raya Bandung), previously known as the Great Mosque of Bandung (Indonesian Great Mosque of Bandung), is a mosque in Bandung, the provincial capital of West Java, Indonesia.
Great Mosque of Makassar is a mosque located in Makassar, Indonesia, and the main mosque of South Sulawesi Province.
The was an imperial concept created and promulgated for occupied Asian populations during 1930–1945 by the Empire of Japan.
was an international summit held in Tokyo from 5 to 6 November 1943, in which the Empire of Japan hosted leading politicians of various component members of the Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere.
Greater Indonesia, or in Indonesian and Malaysian, Indonesia Raya or Melayu Raya, was a political concept that sought to bring the so-called Malay race, only part of which were the actual Malays, together by uniting the British territories of Malaya and Borneo with the Dutch East Indies.
Grocka (Гроцка) or Grocka na Dunavu (Гроцка на Дунаву, "Grocka on Danube"), is a municipality of the city of Belgrade.
Guided Democracy (Demokrasi Terpimpin) was the political system in place in Indonesia from 1957 until the New Order began in 1966.
Muhammad Guruh Irianto Sukarnoputra (born 13 January 1953) is a member of Indonesia's People's Representative Council and an artist.
Gustaaf Adolf Maengkom (11 March 1907 – 25 May 1984) was a former Indonesian Minister of Justice in the Djuanda Cabinet and Indonesian ambassador to Poland.
Habib Ben Ali Bourguiba (الحبيب بورقيبة al-Ḥabīb Būrqībah; 3 August 1903 – 6 April 2000) was a Tunisian lawyer, nationalist leader and statesman who served as the country's leader from independence in 1956 to 1987.
Half-mast or half-staff refers to a flag flying below the summit on a pole.
The Halim Cabinet was the second and final cabinet of the Republic of Indonesia while it was one of 16 states in the United States of Indonesia.
Hamengkubuwana IX or HB IX (Javanese:; 12 April 1912 – 2 October 1988) was the first Governor of the Special Region of Yogyakarta, the second Vice President of Indonesia and the ninth Sultan of Yogyakarta during the rule of Suharto.
Hamid Algadri or Hamid Al-Gadri (حامد القدرى,; 1912-1998) was a pioneer of freedom for Indonesian independence who was meritorious in Linggadjati Agreement, Renville Agreement, Dutch–Indonesian Round Table Conference (Konferensi Meja Bundar, KMB) and one of the members of parliament in the founding days of the Republic of Indonesia.
Hardi (born May 26, 1951, Blitar, (East Jawa) is an Indonesian artist, a member of the New Art Movement (Gerakan Seni Rupa Baru.).
Harian Rakjat (EYD: Harian Rakyat, English: People's Daily) was an Indonesian newspaper published by the Communist Party of Indonesia (PKI) from 1951-1965.
Harimau! Harimau! (translated as Tiger!) is an Indonesian novel written by Mochtar Lubis and originally published in 1975.
Hartono Rekso Dharsono (Pekalongan, Central Java, 10 June 1925 - Bandung, West Java, 5 June 1996) or more commonly known as HR Dharsono was a prominent General in the early years of General Suharto's New Order regime.
Hazairin (born Gelar Pangeran Alamsyah Harahap on 28 November 1906 – died 11 December 1975) was the Minister of Internal Affairs of Indonesia from 30 July 1953 to 18 November 1954, serving in the First Ali Sastroamidjojo Cabinet.
A head of state (or chief of state) is the public persona that officially represents the national unity and legitimacy of a sovereign state.
Hendrik Hermanus Joel Ngantung (1 March 1921 – 12 December 1991) better known as Henk Ngantung was an Indonesian painter and politician of Minahasan descent.
Henry Hainworth, CMG (12 September 1914 – 28 January 2005) was the British Ambassador to Indonesia, 1968–70, and to the Conference of the Committee on Disarmament in Geneva in the early 1970s.
Henry Logan Brandon (1923 – June 21, 1997) was an American Naval Aviator and attorney.
Hereditary politician refers to politicians (especially modern politicians) whose political position can be seen as being conferred by or based on inheritance from a parent or grandparent in some sense.
Ir. Herling Laoh (23 August 1902 – ?) was a former cabinet minister in several Indonesian cabinets.
Herman Johannes, (28 May 1912 – 17 October 1992), was an Indonesian professor, scientist and politician.
The Heroes Monument (Indonesian:Tugu Pahlawan) is a monument in Surabaya, Indonesia.
The Heroes Monument (Indonesian Patung Pahlawan) is a bronze statue located in Jakarta, Indonesia.
Hinduism in Indonesia is practised by 1.7% of the total population, and by 83.5% of the population in Bali as of the 2010 census.
Hinduism has historically been a major religious and cultural influence in Java.
Hinduism in Southeast Asia has a profound impact on the region's cultural development and its history.
The history of Bali covers a period from the Paleolithic to the present, and is characterized by migrations of people and cultures from other parts of Asia.
Bandung is a city in the western part of Java island in Indonesia.
East Timor is a country in Southeast Asia, officially known as Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste.
History of Hinduism denotes a wide variety of related religious traditions native to the Indian subcontinent notably in modern-day Nepal and India.
The history of Indonesia has been shaped by its geographic position, its natural resources, a series of human migrations and contacts, wars and conquests, as well as by trade, economics and politics.
Jakarta is Indonesia's capital and largest city.
History of Japanese foreign relations Covers the international relations in terms of diplomacy, economics and political affairs from about 1850 to 2000.
Malaysia is a Southeast Asian country located on a strategic sea-lane that exposes it to global trade and foreign culture.
History of Sarawak can be traced as far as 40,000 years ago paleolithic period where the earliest evidence of human settlements is found in the Niah caves.
The written history of Singapore may date back to the third century.
The United States Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) was created on July 26, when Harry S. Truman signed the National Security Act of 1947 into law.
At the beginning of the 20th century, socialism began to develop in the industrial centers.
The history of the Philippines is believed to have begun with the arrival of the first humans using rafts or boats at least 67,000 years ago as the 2007 discovery of Callao Man suggested.
HMAS Ipswich (J186/B244/A118), named for the city of Ipswich, Queensland, was one of 60 s built during World War II and one of 20 built on Admiralty order but manned by personnel of and later commissioned into the Royal Australian Navy (RAN).
HMS Aurochs (P426), was an of the Royal Navy, built by Vickers Armstrong and launched 28 July 1945.
HMS Heartsease was a of the Royal Navy.
HMS London was a destroyer of the Royal Navy.
The Hogere Burgerschool or HBS (Dutch: Higher Civic School) was a secondary school type in the Netherlands and the Dutch Empire existing between 1863 and 1974.
An honorary degree, in Latin a degree honoris causa ("for the sake of the honor") or ad honorem ("to the honor"), is an academic degree for which a university (or other degree-awarding institution) has waived the usual requirements, such as matriculation, residence, a dissertation and the passing of comprehensive examinations.
Hotel Borobudur is a five star hotel and serviced apartment located in Central Jakarta, Indonesia.
Hotel des Indes was one of the oldest and most prestigious hotels in Asia.
Hotel Indonesia Kempinski Jakarta, commonly abbreviated as HI, is one of the oldest and best known hotels in Indonesia.
In justice and law, house arrest (also called home confinement, home detention, or, in modern times, electronic monitoring) is a measure by which a person is confined by the authorities to a residence.
Howard Palfrey Jones (January 2, 1899–September 1973) was a United States diplomat whose career was focused on Southeast and East Asia.
Hubertus Johannes "Huib" van Mook (30 May 1894 – 10 May 1965) was a Dutch administrator in the East Indies.
This article deals with those activities of the Central Intelligence Agency that violate human rights.
Major Muhammad Husein Mutahar (Muḥammad Ḥusayn Muṭahar; full name: (Sayyid Muḥammad Ḥusayn bin Salīm bin ʾaḥmad bin Salīm al-Muṭahar.); August 5, 1916 – June 9, 2004) was the founder of Paskibraka, a youth organization in Indonesia which has the main task for raising and lowering the heirloom national flag of Indonesia (now duplicate) in ceremonies commemorating the independence day of Indonesia (17 August).
I Gusti Ketut Pudja (19 May 1908 – 4 May 1977) was an Indonesian Politician, and also first governor of Lesser Sunda.
Ida Bagus Made Poleng (1915–1999) was a traditional Balinese painter.
Ide Anak Agung Gde Agung (old spelling: Ide Anak Agoeng Gde Agoeng; 21 July 1921 – 22 April 1999) was the Raja of Gianyar.
Idham Chalid (Satui, Tanah Bumbu Regency, South Kalimantan, Dutch East Indies, August 27, 1921 – Jakarta, Indonesia, July 11, 2010, at the age of 88 years) was an influential politician and minister in Indonesia.
Ignatius Joseph Kasimo Hendrowahyono (10 April 1900 – 1 August 1986) is a National Hero of Indonesia and Indonesian politician.
The following is an alphabetical list of topics related to the Republic of Indonesia.
This is an alphabetical list of topics related to Islam, the history of Islam, Islamic culture, and the present-day Muslim world, intended to provide inspiration for the creation of new articles and categories.
India played an important role in the multilateral movements of colonies and newly independent countries that wanted into the Non-Aligned Movement.
Indian-Indonesian relations refers to the bilateral relations of India and Indonesia.
The Indian National Army (INA; Azad Hind Fauj; lit.: Free Indian Army) was an armed force formed by Indian nationalists in 1942 in Southeast Asia during World War II.
The Indische Partij (IP) or Indies Party was a short lived (1912–1913) but influential political organisation founded in 1912 by the Indo-European (Eurasian) journalist E.F.E. Douwes Dekker and the Javanese physicians Tjipto Mangoenkoesoemo and Soewardi Soerjaningrat.
The Indo Europeesch Verbond (IEV) or Indo European Alliance was a social movement and political organisation founded in 1919 by the Indo-European (Eurasian) community of the Dutch East Indies that fought for race equality and political say in late colonial Indonesia during the early 20th century.
Indonesia (or; Indonesian), officially the Republic of Indonesia (Republik Indonesia), is a transcontinental unitary sovereign state located mainly in Southeast Asia, with some territories in Oceania.
"Indonesia Accuses" is a speech read by future President of Indonesia Sukarno in his defense during his 1930 trial in Landraad, Bandung, Indonesia.
Indonesia officially became the 60th member of the United Nations on 28 September 1950, in accordance with the United Nations Security Council Resolution 86 two days before, and the United Nations General Assembly resolution number A/RES/491 (V) on the "admission of the Republic of Indonesia to membership in the United Nations", less than one year after the recognition of Indonesia's sovereignty by the Netherlands at the Dutch–Indonesian Round Table Conference in the Hague (23 August - 2 November 1949).
The Indonesia national football team (Tim Nasional Sepak Bola Indonesia) is an association football team that represents Indonesia.
"Indonesia Raya" has been the national anthem of Indonesia since the proclamation of independence of the Republic of Indonesia on the 17 August 1945.
Indonesia Raya was an Indonesian newspaper co-founded in 1949 by Mochtar Lubis.
Indonesia–Israel relations refers to the historical and current bilateral relationship between Israel and Indonesia.
Indonesia–Japan relations are foreign bilateral relations between Indonesia and Japan.
The Indonesian–Malaysian confrontation or Borneo confrontation (also known by its Indonesian/Malay name, Konfrontasi) was a violent conflict from 1963–66 that stemmed from Indonesia's opposition to the creation of Malaysia.
Indonesia–Malaysia relations are foreign bilateral relations between Indonesia and Malaysia, and it is one of the most important bilateral relationships in Southeast Asia.
Indonesia–Mexico relations refers to the bilateral relations of Indonesia and Mexico.
Indonesia–Mongolia relations are foreign bilateral relations between Indonesia and Mongolia.
Indonesia–Morocco relations refers to the bilateral relations of Indonesia and Morocco.
Indonesia–New Zealand relations are foreign bilateral relations between Indonesia and New Zealand.
Indonesia–North Korea relations refers to the bilateral relations of Indonesia and North Korea.
Relations between Indonesia and Palestine have been very close and friendly.
Indonesia–Philippines relations are foreign bilateral relations between Indonesia and the Philippines.
Indonesia–Poland relations refers to the bilateral relations of Indonesia and Poland.
Indonesia–Portugal relations are foreign bilateral relations between Indonesia and Portugal.
Indonesia–Russia relations (Hubungan Indonesia dengan Rusia, Российско-индонезийские отношения) refers to bilateral foreign relations between Indonesia and Russia.
Indonesia–Saudi Arabia relations (العلاقات السعودية الإندونسية, Hubungan Arab Saudi dengan Indonesia) are particularly notable because Saudi Arabia is the birthplace of Islam, and Indonesia is home to the world's largest Muslim population; both are Muslim majority countries.
Indonesia–Senegal relations was officially established on October 3, 1980.
Indonesia–Serbia relations was established in 1954, the legal frameworks was inherited from the Yugoslavian era.
The bilateral relations of Indonesia and Sweden began in 1960.
Indonesia–Taiwan relations are foreign relations between Indonesia and Taiwan.
The United Kingdom and Indonesia have maintained strong relations since formal relations were established in 1949.
Indonesia–Uzbekistan relations was officially established on June 23, 1992.
Indonesia–Vietnam relations are foreign bilateral relations between Indonesia and Vietnam.
The Indonesian Air Force (Tentara Nasional Indonesia Angkatan Udara, TNI AU) is the air force branch of the Indonesian National Armed Forces.
The Indonesian Association of Muslim Intellectuals (Indonesian: Ikatan Cendekiawan Muslim Indonesia, ICMI) is a Muslim organization in Indonesia.
The Indonesia Logistics Bureau (Indonesian: Badan Urusan Logistik/BULOG) is a government-owned company in Indonesia which deals with food distribution and price control.
The Indonesian Democratic Party (PDI) was one of the two state-approved parties during the New Order era of the late 20th-century in Indonesia.
The Indonesian Democratic Party of Struggle (Partai Demokrasi Indonesia Perjuangan, PDI-P) is an Indonesian political party, and the party of the current president of Indonesia, Joko Widodo.
Indonesian exile literature refers to works of Indonesian literature produced by writers living in exile after the 30 September Movement (Gerakan 30 September, or G30S) led an abortive coup d'état in 1965.
A proposal to move the Indonesian capital city from Jakarta to other locations has been discussed since the Sukarno presidency, and even earlier during the Dutch colonial era.
Indonesian (bahasa Indonesia) is the official language of Indonesia.
Indonesia's first parliamentary general election was held on 29 September 1955.
Indonesia's fifth legislative election, and the fourth under the New Order government, was held on 23 April 1987.
Indonesian literature, is a term grouping various genres of South-East Asian literature.
Indonesia following independence from the Netherlands in the 1940s to the Indonesian killings of 1965–66 was subjected to extensive cultural change, and a range of possible political directions suring the Sukarno era.
Local elections were held in parts of Indonesia in the second half of 1957 to elect provincial and regency and city councils.
The Indonesian mass killings of 1965–1966 (also variously known as the Indonesian massacres, Indonesian genocide, Indonesian Communist Purge, Indonesian politicide, or the 1965 Tragedy) were large-scale killings and civil unrest which occurred in Indonesia over several months, targeting communist sympathizers, ethnic Chinese and alleged leftists, often at the instigation of the armed forces and government.
Indonesian names and naming customs reflect the multicultural and polyglot nature of the over 17,000 islands in the Indonesian archipelago.
The Indonesian National Awakening (Kebangkitan Nasional Indonesia) is a term for the period in the first half of the 20th century, during which people from many parts of the archipelago first began to develop a national consciousness as "Indonesians".
The Indonesian National Party (Partai Nasional Indonesia, PNI) is the name used by several political parties in Indonesia from 1927 until the present day.
The Indonesian National Party of Marhaenism (Partai Nasional Indonesia Marhaenisme) is a political party in Indonesia.
The Indonesian National Populist Fortress Party (Partai Nasional Benteng Kerakyatan Indonesia) was a political party in Indonesia.
The Indonesian National Revolution, or Indonesian War of Independence (Perang Kemerdekaan Indonesia; Indonesische Onafhankelijkheidsoorlog), was an armed conflict and diplomatic struggle between the Republic of Indonesia and the Dutch Empire and an internal social revolution during postwar and postcolonial Indonesia.
The Indonesian Naval Academy (Indonesian: Akademi Angkatan Laut or AAL) is a naval academy of the Indonesian Navy, the naval component of the Indonesian National Armed Forces Academy System or the AKABRI.
The Indonesian occupation of East Timor began in December 1975 and lasted until October 1999.
Indonesian philosophy is a generic designation for the tradition of abstract speculation held by the people who inhabit the region now known as Indonesia.
Recorded music is a reflection of modern Indonesian history and culture—specifically class consciousness, economics and post-colonial identity.
The Indonesian Presidential Aircraft (Pesawat Kepresidenan Indonesia), also known as Indonesia One with a serial number A-001 is the presidential aircraft carrying the president and vice president of Indonesia.
The first direct presidential election in Indonesia was held in two rounds on July 5 and September 20, 2004.
Presidential elections were held in Indonesia on 8 July 2009.
The Indonesian Red Cross Society (Palang Merah Indonesia) is a humanitarian organization in Indonesia.
The rupiah (Rp) is the official currency of Indonesia. Issued and controlled by the Bank of Indonesia, the ISO 4217 currency code for the Indonesian rupiah is IDR. The name "Rupiah" is derived from the Indian word rupiya (रुपीया), ultimately from Sanskrit rupyakam (रूप्यकम्; silver). Informally, Indonesians also use the word "perak" ("silver" in Indonesian) in referring to rupiah. The rupiah is subdivided into 100 sen, although inflation has rendered all coins and banknotes denominated in sen obsolete. The Riau islands and the Indonesian half of New Guinea (Irian Barat) had their own variants of the rupiah in the past, but these were subsumed into the national rupiah in 1964 and 1971 respectively (see Riau rupiah and West Irian rupiah).
Swami Vivekananda, the nineteenth-century Indian Hindu monk is considered as one of the most influential people of modern India and Hinduism.
The Information Research Department, founded in 1948 by Christopher Mayhew MP, was a department of the British Foreign Office set up to counter Soviet propaganda and infiltration, particularly amongst the western labour movement.
Insulinde (1907–1919), a direct successor of the Indische Party (IP) and later renamed the Nationale Indische Party (NIP), was a political organization that represented efforts by some Indo Eurasians to identify and cooperate with the Indigenous educated élite of the Dutch East Indies in an effort to establish an independent dominion.
The Inter-Governmental Group on Indonesia (IGGI) was established in 1967 as an international consortium of official donors to coordinate the provision of foreign assistance to Indonesia.
An international airport is an airport that offers customs and immigration facilities for passengers travelling between countries.
The Investigating Committee for Preparatory Works for Independence (Badan Penyelidik Usaha-usaha Persiapan Kemerdekaan (BPUPK)), (独立準備調査会 Dokuritsu Junbi Chōsa-kai), sometimes referred to as the Investigating Committee for Preparatory Work for Indonesian Independence (Badan Penyelidik Usaha-usaha Persiapan Kemerdekaan Indonesia (BPUPKI))"Indonesia" was not part of the name as the 16th Army only had authority over Java (Kusuma & Elson (2011), p. 196), was an organization set up in March 1945 by the Japanese military authority in Java during the Japanese occupation of Indonesia as the initial stage of the establishment of independence for the area under the control of the Japanese 16th Army.
Ikatan Pandu Indonesia (Ipindo) was the World Organization of the Scout Movement-recognized Indonesian national Scouting federation from 1953 to 1961.
Irredentism is any political or popular movement that seeks to reclaim and reoccupy a land that the movement's members consider to be a "lost" (or "unredeemed") territory from their nation's past.
Islam is the most adhered to religion in Indonesia, with 87.2% of Indonesian population identifying themselves as Muslim in 2010 estimate.
Islamic socialism is a term coined by various Muslim leaders to describe a more spiritual form of socialism.
Istiqlal Mosque (lit) in Jakarta, Indonesia is the largest mosque in Southeast Asia and the third largest Sunni mosque in term of capacity.
Iwa Koesoemasoemantri (Perfected Spelling: Iwa Kusumasumantri; also Kusuma Sumantri; 31 May 1899 – 27 November 1971) was an Indonesian politician.
Jaipongan, also known as Jaipong, is a popular traditional dance of Sundanese people, West Java, Indonesia.
Jakarta, officially the Special Capital Region of Jakarta (Daerah Khusus Ibu Kota Jakarta), is the capital and largest city of Indonesia.
The Jakarta Art Building (Gedung Kesenian Jakarta), historically known as Schouwburg Weltevreden, is a concert hall in Sawah Besar, Central Jakarta, Indonesia, built during the colonial period in Batavia, Dutch East Indies.
The Jakarta Charter was a document drawn up by members of the Indonesian Investigating Committee for Preparatory Work for Independence in June 1945 that subsequently formed the basis of the preamble to the Constitution of Indonesia.
Jakarta Planetarium and Observatory (Indonesian: Planetarium dan Observatorium Jakarta) is a public planetarium and an observatory, part of the Taman Ismail Marzuki art and science complex in Jakarta, Indonesia.
The Jakarta Tower (Menara Jakarta) is a partly built tower in Jakarta, Indonesia.
Jalan M.H. Thamrin or Jalan Thamrin (M.H. Thamrin Road or Thamrin Road) is a major thoroughfare in Jakarta.
Jane Foster Zlatovski (1912–1979) allegedly engaged, with her husband, George Zlatovski, in covert activities on behalf of the Soviet Union while employed in sensitive U.S. Government wartime agencies during World War II.
The following events occurred in January 1962.
The following events occurred in January 1963.
Large-scale Japanese migration to Indonesia dates back to the late 19th century, though there was limited trade contact between Indonesia and Japan as early as the 17th century.
The Japanese Empire occupied the Dutch East Indies, now Indonesia, during World War II from March 1942 until after the end of the War in September 1945.
Jasminum sambac (Arabian jasmine or Sambac jasmine) is a species of jasmine native to a small region in the eastern Himalayas in Bhutan and neighbouring Bangladesh, India and Pakistan. It is cultivated in many places, especially across much of South and Southeast Asia. It is naturalised in many scattered locales: Mauritius, Madagascar, the Maldives, Cambodia, Indonesia, Christmas Island, Chiapas, Central America, southern Florida, the Bahamas, Cuba, Hispaniola, Jamaica, Puerto Rico, and the Lesser Antilles. Jasminum sambac is a small shrub or vine growing up to in height. It is widely cultivated for its attractive and sweetly fragrant flowers. The flowers may be used as a fragrant ingredient in perfumes and jasmine tea. It is the national flower of the Philippines, where it is known as sampaguita, as well as being one of the three national flowers of Indonesia, where it is known as melati putih.
Javanese culture is the culture of the Javanese ethnic group in Indonesia, part of the Indonesian culture.
Javanese (colloquially known as) is the language of the Javanese people from the central and eastern parts of the island of Java, in Indonesia.
Javanese people have various systems for naming.
Javanese Sacred Places are locations on the Island of Java, Indonesia that have significance from either village level through to national level as sacred, and in most cases deserve visitation--usually within the context of ziarah regardless of the ethnicity or religion of the visitor.
Javanisation (Jawanisasi or Penjawaan) is the process in which Javanese culture dominates, assimilates, or influences other cultures in general.
Sri Mapanji Jayabaya, Varmesvara, or Jayabhaya, (Javanese spelled: Ratu Joyoboyo) was Javanese King of the Kediri in East Java from 1135 to 1179 CE.
Jayapura (Kota Jayapura); is the provincial capital of Papua, Indonesia.
Josephus Carel Franciscus (Jef) Last (2 May 1898 in The Hague – 15 February 1972 in Laren) was a Dutch poet, writer, translator and cosmopolitan.
Major TNI Johannes Abraham Dimara (9 October 1916 – 20 October 2000) was an Indonesian National Hero from Papua.
Johannes Gijsbertus de Casparis (31 May 1916, Eemnes – 19 June 2002, Wassenaar) was a Dutch orientalist and indologist.
Johannes Leimena (6 March 1905 – 29 March 1977) was Deputy Prime Minister of Indonesia from 1957 to 1966 and served as Minister of Health under President Sukarno from 1946 to 1956.
A joint address is a special procedure of the Canadian parliament in which members of the House of Commons and Senate sit jointly in the former chamber, which, for the occasion, becomes an auditorium.
Joko Widodo's presidential campaign in 2014 was announced on 14 March 2014, when his political party PDI-P declared him as the party's candidate for the upcoming election in 2014.
Josephus Beek SJ (Joop or Jopie) (12 March 1917 in Amsterdam – 17 September 1983 in Jakarta) was a Dutch and later Indonesian Jesuit, priest, educator and politician.
Jacob Frederick Warouw (8 September 1917 – 15 October 1960), also known as Joop Warouw, was a military officer involved in the Indonesian National Revolution.
The Jose P. Laurel Residence or Villa Pacencia is a historic house located at 515 Shaw Boulevard in Mandaluyong, Metro Manila.
Josip Broz (Cyrillic: Јосип Броз,; 7 May 1892 – 4 May 1980), commonly known as Tito (Cyrillic: Тито), was a Yugoslav communist revolutionary and political leader, serving in various roles from 1943 until his death in 1980.
Jozef "Jos" Cleber (2 June 1916, Maastricht – 12 May 1999, Hilversum) was a Dutch trombonist, violinist, conductor, composer, arranger, and producer.
The following events occurred in July 1927.
The following events occurred in July 1966.
The following events occurred in June 1901.
The following events occurred in June 1927.
This day usually marks the summer solstice in the Northern Hemisphere and the winter solstice in the Southern Hemisphere, which is the day of the year with the most hours of daylight in the Northern Hemisphere and the fewest hours of daylight in the Southern Hemisphere.
Justinus Darmojuwono (2 November 1914 – 3 February 1994) was an Indonesian Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church.
Muhammad Jusuf Kalla (born 15 May 1942) is an Indonesian politician who has been Vice President of Indonesia since 2014, having previously served from 2004 to 2009.
Jusuf Wanandi, a.k.a. Lim Bian Kie is a Chinese-Indonesian politician and educator.
K'tut Tantri (1898–1997), born Muriel Stuart Walker, was a Scottish American woman who was best known for her work as a radio broadcaster for the Indonesian Republicans during the Indonesian National Revolution.
Karkono Partokusumo (23 November 1915 – 5 July 2003), better known by the pen name Kamadjaja (Perfected Spelling: Kamajaya), was an Indonesian journalist and author.
Kamaruzaman Sjam, (30 April 1924 – 30 September 1986), also known as Kamarusaman bin Achmad Mubaidah and Sjam, was a key member of the Communist Party of Indonesia who was executed for his part in the 1965 coup attempt known as the 30 September Movement.
KAMI, derived from the Indonesia Kesatuan Aksi Mahasiswa Indonesia ("Indonesian Students Action Forum") was an Indonesian anti-communist group formed on 27 October 1965.
Dongeng Kancil untuk Kemerdekaan (Kancil's Tale of Freedom) is a 1995 Indonesian documentary film directed by Garin Nugroho.
Karet Bivak is a cemetery in Jakarta, Indonesia.
Karl Johannes Eskelund (1918 - 1972) was a Danish journalist and best-selling author who wrote primarily in English.
Kartika I is an Indonesian sounding rocket built by LAPAN, AURI, Bandung Institute of Technology, and Pindad under PRIMA (Sounding and Military Rocket Development Project/Indonesian: Proyek Pengembangan Roket Ilmiah dan Militer Awal) project.
Raden Adjeng Kartini (21 April 1879 – 17 September 1904), sometimes known as Raden Ayu Kartini, was a prominent Indonesian national heroine from Java. She was also a pioneer in the area of education for girls and women's rights for Indonesians. Born into an aristocratic Javanese family in the Dutch East Indies, now Indonesia, she attended a Dutch language primary school. She aspired to further education but the option was unavailable to her and other girls in Javanese society. She came into contact with various officials and influential people including J.H. Abendanon, in charge of implementing the Dutch Ethical Policy. Kartini wrote letters about her feelings and they were published in a Dutch magazine and later as: Out of Darkness to Light, Women's Life in the Village and Letters of a Javanese Princess. Her birthday is now celebrated as Kartini Day in Indonesia. She took an interest in mysticism and opposed polygamy. Her advocacy for the education of girls was continued by her sisters. Kartini Schools were named for her and a fund established in her name to fund the education of girls.
A kebaya is a traditional blouse-dress combination that originated from the court of the Javanese Majapahit Kingdom, and is traditionally worn by women in Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Brunei, southern Thailand, Cambodia and the southern part of the Philippines.
Kebayoran Baru is a Subdistrict (Indonesian kecamatan) of South Jakarta, Indonesia.
Kebyar duduk is a Balinese dance created by I Mario and first performed in 1925.
Ahmad Kemal Idris (born Singaraja, Bali, February 10, 1923 – died Jakarta, July 28, 2010) was a prominent Indonesian Army general during the 1950s and 1960s.
Raden Mas Soewardi Soerjaningrat (EYD: Suwardi Suryaningrat); from 1922 also known as Ki Hadjar Dewantara (EYD: Ki Hajar Dewantara), which is also written as Ki Hajar Dewantoro to reflect its Javanese sounds; May 2, 1889 in Pakualaman – April 26, 1959 in Yogyakarta, was a leading Indonesian independence movement activist, writer, columnist, politician, and pioneer of education for native Indonesians in Dutch colonial times.
Kimilsungia is a hybrid orchid of the genus Dendrobium.
Koes Plus, formerly Koes Bersaudara (Koes Brothers), is an Indonesian musical group that enjoyed success in the 1960s and 1970s.
Koesbini (Perfected Spelling: Kusbini; 1 January 1910 – 28 February 1991) was an Indonesian musician and composer.
Kompas is an Indonesian national newspaper.
Kopaska (Indonesian: Komando Pasukan Katak) is the premier frogman and underwater demolition unit of the Indonesian Navy.
Kopkamtib (Indonesian: Komando Operasi Pemulihan Keamanan dan Ketertiban or "Operational Command for the Restoration of Security and Order", was a secret police operation in Indonesia's "New Order" that continued issues arising from the transition to the New Order.
Korps Speciale Troepen (KST) was a Royal Netherlands East Indies Army (KNIL) special forces unit who was involved in the Indonesian National Revolution.
The Krida Wacana Christian University (UKRIDA or Universitas Kristen Krida Wacana) is a private university in Jakarta, Indonesia.
Kubah (literally Cupola or Dome) is an Indonesian novel written by Ahmad Tohari.
The Labour Party of Indonesia (Partai Buruh Indonesia, PBI) was a political party in Indonesia.
Hajjah Laila Sari (born Nur Laila Sari Jahrotuljannah; 4 November 1935 – 20 November 2017) was an Indonesian comedian and singer of rock and children's songs.
Lake Maninjau (Danau Maninjau, meaning overlook or observation in the Minangkabau language) is a caldera lake in West Sumatra, Indonesia.
Lambertus Nicodemus (Nico) Palar (June 5, 1900 in Rurukan, Minahasa Regency – February 13, 1981 in Jakarta) also known as Babe Palar, represented the Republic of Indonesia in various diplomatic positions most notably as the first Indonesian Representative to the United Nations.
The Landing at Kesang River (29 October 1964) was an amphibious landing conducted by a small force of Indonesian volunteers near the Kesang River, on the border between the Malaysian states of Malacca and Johore on the southwestern part of the Malay Peninsula.
The Landing at Pontian (17 August 1964) was an amphibious landing made by a small body of Indonesian troops in the Pontian District of southwestern Malaysia.
"Langit Makin Mendung" ("The Sky is Increasingly Cloudy") is a controversial Indonesian short story.
Sir Laurens Jan van der Post, CBE (13 December 1906 – 16 December 1996), was a 20th-century Afrikaner author, farmer, war hero, political adviser to British heads of government, close friend of Prince Charles, godfather of Prince William, educator, journalist, humanitarian, philosopher, explorer and conservationist.
The Lauw-Sim-Zecha family is an Indonesian family of mixed Peranakan Chinese, Indo and Bohemian descent that came to prominence at the start of the nineteenth century as revenue farmers, landlords and mandarins in Batavia (now Jakarta) and Sukabumi, Dutch East Indies (now Indonesia).
The League of Upholders of Indonesian Independence (Ikatan Pendukung Kemerdekaan Indonesia (IPKI)) was a political party in Indonesia established by former Army head General Abdul Haris Nasution as a vehicle for the Indonesian Army to enter the realm of politics.
Lee Kuan Yew GCMG CH SPMJ (16 September 1923 – 23 March 2015), commonly referred to by his initials LKY, was the first Prime Minister of Singapore, governing for three decades.
Lee Man Fong (born November 14, 1913 – April 3, 1988) was a painter born in Guangzhou, China.
The Legion of Ratu Adil, also known as Angkatan Perang Ratu Adil (APRA) or the Prince Justice Legion was a pro-Dutch militia and private army established during the Indonesian National Revolution.
Indonesian law affecting Chinese-Indonesians were conducted through a series of laws, directives, or constitutions enacted by the Government of Indonesia that affected the lives of Chinese Indonesians or Chinese nationals living in Indonesia since the nation's independence.
The Lembaga Kebudajaan Rakjat (EYD: Lembaga Kebudayaan Rakyat, often abbreviated Lekra; meaning Institute for the People's Culture) was a very prolific literary and social movement associated with the Indonesian Communist Party.
The International Lenin Peace Prize (международная Ленинская премия мира, mezhdunarodnaya Leninskaya premiya mira) was a Soviet Union award named in honor of Vladimir Lenin.
Leonardus Benjamin Moerdani (also publicly known as LB Moerdani or Benny Moerdani) (2 October 1932 – 29 August 2004) was the ABRI Commander from 1983 to 1988 and also served as Indonesia's Minister of Defense and Security.
The era of Liberal Democracy (Demokrasi Liberal) in Indonesia began on August 17, 1950 following the dissolution of the federal United States of Indonesia less than a year after its formation, and ended with the imposition of martial law and President Sukarno's decree regarding the introduction of Guided Democracy on July 5, 1957.
Lilis Surjani (Perfected Spelling: Lilis Suryani; 22 August 1948 – 7 October 2007) was an Indonesian singer, known especially for her 1965 album Gang Kelinci and the song of the same name, a song highly critical of Indonesian president Sukarno's "Guided Democracy" program, which it criticizes (allegorically) for ending a period of liberal democracy and replacing it with a totalitarian system of censorship and economic exploitation.
The Linggadjati Agreement (Linggajati in modern Indonesian spelling) was a political accord concluded on 15 November 1946 by the Dutch administration and the unilaterally declared Republic of Indonesia in the village of Liggarjati, near Cirebon in which the Dutch recognised the republic as the de facto authority in Java, Madura and Sumatra.
This is a list of airports in Indonesia, sorted by location.
This is a list of Ambassadors of the United States to the Republic of Indonesia.
This is a list of banned films.
This list of civil engineers is a list of notable people who have been trained in or have practiced civil engineering.
This is a list by country of coups d'état and coup attempts, in chronological order.
This is a list of people appearing on the cover of ''Time'' magazine in the 1940s.
This is a list of people appearing on the cover of ''Time'' magazine in the 1950s.
The cult of personality is a phenomenon that took place in several countries in the world, when a leader or an authority figure creates an idealized or heroic persona that becomes the center of quasi-worshipful adoration among the general population.
This is a list of diplomatic visits made to the Philippines for diplomatic reasons, which is classified by the Philippine Department of Foreign Affairs as either a state visit, official visit, or working visit.
International trips made by the heads of state and heads of government to the United States have become a valuable part of American diplomacy and international relations since such trips were first made in the mid-19th century.
This is a list of some Asian leaders and politicians, with a commitment to the Japanese cause, in the Yen Block or Greater Asian Co-Prosperity Sphere Pan-Asian economic associations previous to and during the Pacific War period, between 1931–1945.
This is a list of eponymously named airports.
denotes the first female minister of that particular department.
This is a list of prominent figures on the topic of nationalism.
This is a list of heads of regimes who were later imprisoned.
This article is a list of heads of state who have survived assassination attempts.
This is the list of Honorary Professors of Moscow State University.
This list contains names of ideological systems, movements and trends named after persons.
This is a list of topics related to Indonesia.
This list of Indonesian architects includes notable architects, civil engineers, and other historic figures from the archipelago of Indonesia and its history.
This list of Indonesian inventions and discoveries details the indigenous arts and techniques, cultural inventions, scientific discoveries and contributions of the people of Indonesian archipelago — both ancient and modern state of Indonesia.
This is a list of Indonesians, people who are identified with Indonesia through residential, legal, historical, or cultural means, grouped by their area of notability.
This is a list of international visits undertaken by the United States Secretary of State.
This is a list of Javanese people.
This is a list of joint sessions and joint meetings of the United States Congress.
There are a number of documented cases of historical figures and distinguished members of society who were kidney stone formers.
This is a list of notable people whose full legal name is a mononym, either by name change or by being born mononymic (such as in Indonesia, or Japanese royalty).
The Finance Minister of Indonesia is the Head of the Ministry of Finance of Indonesia.
This is a list of current motifs on the banknotes of different countries.
There is a wide range of Muslim politicians, from theocratic leaders such as Ruhollah Khomeini, dictators such as Saddam Hussein, and democratic leaders such as Benazir Bhutto.
The following list of national founding figures is a record, by country, of people who were credited with establishing their nation.
The following tables list the cardinal number names and symbols for the numbers 0 through 10 in various languages and scripts of the world.
A number of people claim to have eidetic memory, but science has never found a single verifiable case of photographic memory.
This is a list of people on the banknotes of different countries.
This article lists people who have been featured on the postage stamps of Brazil, including the dates of their stamp appearances.
This article lists people who have been featured on Cuban postage stamps.
This is a list of people from Indonesia who have been represented on stamps.
This is a list of people on postage stamps of the Philippines.
This article is about placeholder names for things, persons, places, time, numbers and other concepts in various languages.
There are a number of places named after famous people.
The following is a list of political catchphrases, that is, distinctive statements uttered by political figures that have gone on to become well known.
This is a partial listing of prominent political families.
A polyglot is a person with a command of many languages.
This is a complete list of Presidents of Indonesia.
Here is a classification of the most notable recipients of the Order of the Liberator General San Martín, the highest order of the Republic of Argentina.
This is a list of revolutions and rebellions.
;State leaders in the 19th century – State leaders: 1951–2000 – State leaders by year This is a list of state leaders in the 20th century (1901–1950) AD, such as the heads of state, heads of government, and the general secretaries of single-party states.
;State leaders: 1901–1950 – State leaders in the 21st century – State leaders by year This is a list of state leaders in the 20th century (1951–2000) AD, such as the heads of state, heads of government, and the general secretaries of single-party states.
This is a List of terrorist incidents in Indonesia.
Kim Il-sung was the founder and first leader of North Korea.
Since 1886, those who have made significant achievements, heads of state, returning veterans and sport champions from the New York area have been honored with ticker-tape parades.
This is a list of Vice-Presidents of Indonesia.
This is a list of wars involving New Zealand.
The following is a list of wax figures (consisting of artists (painters, writers, musicians, comedians, film directors, film producers, actors and actresses), businesspersons, politicians, country leaders (presidents, monarchs and supreme leaders), athletes, personalities (celebrity figures, performers, reality television personalities, TV hosts, chefs, models, socialites, philanthropists and internet celebrities/Youtubers), historical figures (military figures, revolutionaries, organisational founders, human rights activists and criminals), religious leaders, animated and film characters) which are currently displayed or have been displayed at one of the Madame Tussauds museums.
Indonesian author Chairil Anwar (1922–1949) wrote 75 poems, 7 pieces of prose, and 3 poetry collections.
Loa Sek Hie Sia (born in Batavia in 1898 - died in The Hague in 1965) was a Chinese-Indonesian colonial politician, parliamentarian and founding Voorzitter or chairman of the controversial, ethnic-Chinese self-defense force Pao An Tui (1946 - 1949).
The Lockheed U-2, nicknamed "Dragon Lady", is an American single-jet engine, ultra-high altitude reconnaissance aircraft operated by the United States Air Force (USAF) and previously flown by the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).
Lokananta is the first record label of Indonesia.
Louis Joseph Maria Beel (12 April 1902 – 11 February 1977) was a Dutch politician of the defunct Catholic People's Party (KVP) now merged into the Christian Democratic Appeal (CDA).
Lubang Buaya (literally "crocodile's pit") is the suburb on the South East part of Jakarta which is also the site of the murder of seven Indonesian army officers during the 1 October coup attempt of the 30 September Movement.
Major-general Hendrik Ludolph van Oyen (25 April 1889, in The Hague – 28 July 1953) was the Chief of Staff of the Royal Netherlands East Indies Army from 1942 to 1946, during World War II.
Muhammad Hatta Lukman (1920? – 1965) was the First Deputy Chairman of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Indonesia (PKI).
The MacDonald House (Chinese: 麦唐纳大厦) is a historic building and monument in Singapore, located at Orchard Road in the Museum Planning Area, within the Central Area.
The MacDonald House bombing occurred on 10 March 1965, at the Hong Kong and Shanghai Bank building (now known as MacDonald House) along Orchard Road of Singapore, which was then part of Malaysia.
Madame Tussauds Hong Kong, is part of the renowned chain of wax museums founded by Marie Tussaud of France, is located at the Peak Tower on Hong Kong Island in Hong Kong.
Madame Tussauds Singapore is a Wax museum and tourist attraction at the Imbiah Lookout of Sentosa Island in Singapore.
The Madoera Stoomtram Maatschappij (MdrSM, Dutch for Madurian Steam Tram Company) on Madura Island today's Indonesian province of Jawa Timur (East Java) was one of the railway companies in the Dutch East Indies.
The Majapahit Empire (Javanese: ꦏꦫꦠꦺꦴꦤ꧀ꦩꦗꦥꦲꦶꦠ꧀ Karaton Majapahit, Kerajaan Majapahit) was a thalassocracy in Southeast Asia, based on the island of Java (part of modern-day Indonesia), that existed from 1293 to circa 1500.
Malacañang Palace (officially Malacañan Palace, colloquially "Malacañang"; Palasyo ng Malacañang (or Malakanyang),; Palacio de Malacañán) is the official residence and principal workplace of the President of the Philippines located in the capital city of Manila.
Raden Maladi (31 August 1912 – 30 April 2001) was an Indonesian athlete, songwriter, and politician.
Malaysia is a federal constitutional monarchy in Southeast Asia.
The Malaysia national football team (Pasukan bola sepak kebangsaan Malaysia) is the national association football team of Malaysia and is controlled by the Football Association of Malaysia (FAM).
The Malaysian Armed Forces (MAF, Angkatan Tentera Malaysia-ATM; Jawi:اڠكتن تنترا مليسيا), the military of Malaysia, consists of three branches, namely the Malaysian Army, the Royal Malaysian Navy, and the Royal Malaysian Air Force.
Manado (pronounced in Manado Malay, in Indonesian) is the capital city of the North Sulawesi province of Indonesia.
The Manila Accord was signed on 31 July 1963 by the Federation of Malaya, the Republic of Indonesia and the Republic of the Philippines, after a meeting from 7 to 11 June 1963 in Manila.
The Greater Malayan Confederation, or Maphilindo (for '''Ma'''laysia, the '''Phil'''ippines, and '''Indo'''nesia), was a proposed, nonpolitical confederation of the three Southeast Asian countries.
Maraden Saur Halomoan Panggabean (born in Tarutung, North Sumatera, Indonesia, June 29, 1922 - died in Jakarta, Indonesia, May 28, 2000 at the age of 77 years) or more commonly known as Maraden Panggabean was a prominent Indonesian General during the early years of General Suharto's New Order regime.
The following events occurred in March 1965.
The following events occurred in March 1966.
The following events occurred in March 1967.
Marhaenism (Marhaenisme) is a socialistic political ideology originating in Indonesia.
Marshall Green (1916–1998) was a United States diplomat whose career focused on East Asia.
Marzuki Darusman (born 26 January 1945) is an Indonesian lawyer and politician.
Kyai Hajji Mas Mansoer (Perfected Spelling: Mas Mansur; 25 June 1896 – 25 April 1946) was an Indonesian Islamic scholar and a national hero.
Mas Tirtodarmo Haryono (20 January 1924 – 1 October 1965) was a general officer in the Indonesian Army who was killed during an attempt to kidnap him from his home by members of the 30 September Movement in the early hours of October 1, 1965.
K.H. Masjkur (EISS: Masykur, 15 December 1917 ‒ 25 December 1994 at the age of 77 years) is the Minister of Religion Indonesia in the years 1947–1949 and 1953–1955.
Masyumi Party (Partai Majelis Syuro Muslimin Indonesia) (Council of Indonesian Muslim Associations) was a major Islamic political party in Indonesia during the Liberal Democracy Era in Indonesia.
Max Havelaar: Or the Coffee Auctions of the Dutch Trading Company (Max Havelaar, of de koffi-veilingen der Nederlandsche Handel-Maatschappy) is an 1860 novel by Multatuli (the pen name of Eduard Douwes Dekker), which played a key role in shaping and modifying Dutch colonial policy in the Dutch East Indies in the nineteenth and early twentieth century.
The following events occurred in May 1963.
The following events occurred in May 1965.
The May 1998 riots of Indonesia (Kerusuhan Mei 1998), also known as the 1998 tragedy (Tragedi 1998) or simply the 1998 event (Peristiwa 1998), were incidents of mass violence, demonstrations, and civil unrest of a racial nature that occurred throughout Indonesia, mainly in Medan in the province of North Sumatra (4–8 May), the capital city of Jakarta (12–15 May), and Surakarta (also called Solo) in the province of Central Java (13–15 May).
William Eric Getzen, more commonly known as Mburumba Kerina (born 6 June 1932), is a Namibian politician, academic, and author.
Diah Permata Megawati Setiawati Sukarnoputri, usually shortened to Megawati Sukarnoputri (born 23 January 1947), generally known as Megawati, is an Indonesian politician who served as president of Indonesia from 23 July 2001 to 20 October 2004.
The United Nations member states are the sovereign states that are members of the United Nations (UN) and have equal representation in the UN General Assembly.
The Mercedes-Benz 600 is a high-end large luxury sedan and limousine produced by Mercedes-Benz from 1963 to 1981.
Merdeka is a word in the Indonesian and Malay language meaning independent or free.
is a 2001 Japanese war film by Yukio Fuji which depicts a Japanese soldier who arrives in the Dutch East Indies during the occupation and stays to fight in the Indonesian National Revolution.
The Merdeka Palace (also known in Indonesian as Istana Gambir and during the Dutch colonial times as Paleis te Koningsplein), is one of six presidential palaces in Indonesia.
Merdeka Square (Indonesian: Medan Merdeka or Lapangan Merdeka) is a large square located in the center of Jakarta, Indonesia.
Metropole is a historic multipurpose building complex in Jakarta, Indonesia.
The Indonesia-Malaysia confrontation (Konfrontasi) was fought from 1962 to 1966 between the British Commonwealth and Indonesia.
The military history of Indonesia includes the military history of the modern nation of Republic of Indonesia, as well as the military history of the states which preceded and formed it.
The New Zealand armed forces saw action in Malaysia throughout the 1950s and 1960s, first as part of the British Commonwealth response to the Malayan Emergency, and then in defence of Malaysia in the Indonesia–Malaysia confrontation.
The first infantry unit was formed at Raffles Institution by volunteers on 15 May 1901.
The Netherlands, as a nation-state, dates to 1568, when the Dutch Revolt created the Dutch Empire.
The Minahasans (alternative spelling: Minahassa or Mina hasa) are an ethnic group located in the North Sulawesi province of Indonesia, formerly known as North Celebes.
Minangkabau Merchants refers to merchants from Minangkabau Highlands, in central Sumatra, Indonesia.
Minangkabau people (Minangkabau: Urang Minang; Indonesian: Suku Minang; Jawi script: اورڠ مينڠ), also known as Minang, are an ethnic group indigenous to the Minangkabau Highlands of West Sumatra, Indonesia.
The Ministry of Defence (Indonesian: Kementerian Pertahanan abbreviated Kemhan) of the Republic of Indonesia, formerly the Department of Defence of the Republic of Indonesia is a government ministry responsible for the defence affairs of Indonesia.
The Mobile Brigade Corps (Indonesian: Korps Brigade Mobil) abbreviated Brimob is the special operations and paramilitary units within the Indonesian National Police force.
Mochtar Lubis (7 March 1922 – 2 July 2004) was an Indonesian Batak journalist and novelist who co-founded Indonesia Raya and monthly literary magazine "Horison".
Modibo Keïta (4 June 1915 – 16 May 1977) was the first President of Mali (1960–1968) and the Prime Minister of the Mali Federation.
Major General Professor Moestopo (13 July 1913 – 29 September 1986) was an Indonesian dentist, freedom fighter, and educator.
Moewardi (Perfected Spelling: Muwardi; 1907–1948) is a National Hero of Indonesia from Central Java.
Mohammad Hatta (12 August 1902 – 14 March 1980) was Indonesia's first vice president, later also serving as the country's prime minister.
Andi Mohammad Jusuf Amir (born in Kajuara, Bone, South Sulawesi, Dutch East Indies, 23 June 1928 - died in Makassar, South Sulawesi, Indonesia, 8 September 2004 at the age of 76 years), more commonly known as "M.
Mohammad Natsir (17 July 19086 February 1993) was an Islamic scholar and politician.
Mohammad Roem (16 May 1908 in Temanggung 16 May 1908 – 24 September 1983 in Jakarta) was a diplomat and one of Indonesia's leaders in the Indonesian war for independence.
Mohammad Yamin (August 24, 1903 – October 17, 1962) was an Indonesian poet, politician and national hero who played a key role in the writing of the country's 1945 constitution.
Moluccans are a ethnolinguistic group of related Austronesian ethnic groups indigenous to the Maluku Islands, also called the Moluccas, which have been part of Indonesia since 1950.
Maznah Ismail (1 January 1956–2 November 2001), better known as Mona Fandey, was a pop singer and a murderer from Malaysia.
A mononymous person is an individual who is known and addressed by a single name, or mononym.
Mother's Day is a celebration honoring the mother of the family, as well as motherhood, maternal bonds, and the influence of mothers in society.
Mowahid Hussain Shah is an attorney-at-law, author, and policy analyst.
Muchdi Purwopranjono is an Indonesian politician and former major general who served briefly as chief of the Indonesian Army’s Special Forces (Kopassus) and was former deputy head of the State Intelligence Agency (BIN).
Muhammad Ilyas (born in Kraksaan, Probolinggo, East Java, Indonesia on November 23, 1911 - died in Jakarta, Indonesia on December 5, 1970 at the age of 59 years) was the Minister of Religious Affairs in 1955-1959 in a cabinet in the reign of Sukarno.
Murba Party (Partai Murba, Murba stands for Musjawarah Ra'jat Banjak) was a 'national communist' political party in Indonesia.
Museum Agung Bung Karno is located in Denpasar, Bali.
The music of Indonesia demonstrates its cultural diversity, the local musical creativity, as well as subsequent foreign musical influences that shaped contemporary music scenes of Indonesia.
Musso (1897, in Kediri, East Java – Madiun, in 31 October 1948) was one of PKI leaders and one of figures in Madiun affair.
MV Daronia was a 1930s British oil tanker owned by Anglo-Saxon Petroleum, a British subsidiary of Royal Dutch Shell.
My Uncle Zhou Enlai is a 2016 Chinese historical biographical television series directed by Chen Li and written by Zhang Fachun, starring Sun Weimin as the Chinese premier Zhou Enlai.
Nahdlatul Ulama (also Nahdatul Ulama or NU) is a traditionalist Sunni Islam movement in Indonesia following the Shafi'i school of jurisprudence.
Nasakom was a political concept during the Sukarno presidency in Indonesia.
The national costume of Indonesia is the national costume that represents the Republic of Indonesia.
The national emblem of Indonesia is called Garuda Pancasila.
The National Gallery of Indonesia is a museum and an art gallery in Jakarta, Indonesia.
National Hero of Indonesia (Indonesian: Gelar Pahlawan Nasional Indonesia) is the highest-level title awarded in Indonesia.
National Institute of Aeronautics and Space (Lembaga Penerbangan dan Antariksa Nasional/LAPAN) is the Indonesian government space agency.
The National Library of Indonesia (Perpustakaan Nasional Republik Indonesia, PNRI) is the legal deposit library of Indonesia.
The National Monument (Monumen Nasional, abbreviated Monas) is a 132 m (433 ft) tower in the centre of Merdeka Square, Central Jakarta, symbolizing the fight for Indonesia.
The National People's Party (Partai Rakyat Nasional, PRN) was a nationalist political party in Indonesia.
National symbols of Indonesia are symbols that represent Republic of Indonesia.
The Nationality Law of the People's Republic of China regulates nationality of the People's Republic of China.
The Natsir Cabinet was the first cabinet of the Unitary Republic of Indonesia following the dissolution of the United States of Indonesia.
Neo-fascism is a post–World War II ideology that includes significant elements of fascism.
is a manga and 12 episode comedy anime series that follows the adventures of two brothers (and their cousin) Hideki, Ichiro, and Mako who form the band, "Nerima Daikon Brothers." The show uses a musical comedy format, with the characters often breaking out in song to show their emotions or go through a montage scene.
The direct involvement of the Netherlands in World War II began with its invasion by Nazi Germany on 10 May 1940.
Netherlands New Guinea (Nederlands-Nieuw-Guinea) refers to the Papua region of Indonesia while it was an overseas territory of the Kingdom of the Netherlands from 1949 to 1962.
New Indies Style (from Dutch Nieuwe Indische Bouwstijl) is a modern architectural style used in the Dutch East Indies (now Indonesia) between the late 19th-century through pre-World War II 20th-century.
The New Order (Orde Baru) is the term coined by the second Indonesian President Suharto to characterise his regime as he came to power in 1966.
An Agreement signed by the Netherlands and Indonesia regarding the administration of the territory of West New Guinea.
Ngô Đình Diệm, the President of South Vietnam, made a state visit to the United States, the main ally of his government, in 1957.
Nico Gunzburg (2 September 1882, Riga, Russian Empire – 5 March 1984, Antwerp, Belgium) was a Belgian lawyer, criminologist and centenarian.
The njai (Perfected Spelling: nyai) were women who were kept as housekeepers, companions, and concubines in the Dutch East Indies (modern-day Indonesia).
Njoo Kiem Bie (naturalized name Koesbianto) (17 September 1927 – 7 January 2008) was a male badminton player from Indonesia in the 1950s.
Njoto (1925–1965) was a senior national leader of the Communist Party of Indonesia (PKI), who joined the party shortly after the country's deceleration of independence, and was killed following the 1965 coup attempt.
was a Japanese politician and the 56th and 57th Prime Minister of Japan from 25 February 1957 to 12 June 1958, and from then to 19 July 1960.
The Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) is a group of states that are not formally aligned with or against any major power bloc.
The North Borneo dispute is the territorial dispute between the Federation of Malaysia and the Republic of the Philippines over much of the eastern part of the state of Sabah, a territory known as North Borneo prior to the formation of the Malaysian federation.
The North Borneo Federation, also known as North Kalimantan or Negara Kesatuan Kalimantan Utara (Unitary State of North Kalimantan) in Malay, was a proposed political entity which would have comprised the British Colonies of Sarawak, British North Borneo (now known as the Malaysian state of Sabah) and the protectorate of Brunei.
The North Kalimantan Communist Party (abbreviated NKCP), also known as the Sarawak Communist Organisation (SCO) or the Clandestine Communist Organisation (CCO), was a communist political party based in the Malaysian state of Sarawak in northern Borneo.
The North Korean cult of personality surrounding its ruling family, the Kim family, has existed in North Korea for decades and can be found in many examples of North Korean culture.
Noto Soeroto (1888-1951) a Javanese prince from the Jogjakarta noble house of Paku Alaman was a poet and writer of Dutch Indies literature and journalist from the Dutch East Indies (now: Indonesia).
The following events occurred in November 1945.
The following events occurred in November 1963.
Brigadier General Raden Panji Nugroho Notosusanto (15 July 1930 – 3 June 1985) was an Indonesian short story writer turned military historian who served as professor of history at the University of Indonesia.
Siti Walidah (1872 – 31 May 1946), better known as Nyai Ahmad Dahlan, was a female emancipation figure, wife of Muhammadiyah founder Ahmad Dahlan, and National Heroine of Indonesia.
Nyai Loro Kidul (also spelled Nyi Roro Kidul) is an Indonesian goddess of the sea.
The Obrenović Villa (Вила Обреновића, Vila Obrenovića) or Villa Zlatni Breg (Вила Златни брег, Vila Zlatni breg) in Smederevo, Serbia, was a summerhouse of the royal Obrenović dynasty.
The following events occurred in October 1965.
Oei Hui-lan (December 2, 1889 – 1992), known as Madame Wellington Koo, was a Chinese-Indonesian international socialite and style icon, and, from late 1926 until 1927, the First Lady of the Republic of China.
Oei Tjoe Tat (26 April 1922 – 26 May 1996) was a Chinese-Indonesian government official.
Johanes Chrisostomus Oevaang Oeray (18 August 1922 – 17 July 1986) was an Indonesian politician.
Air Marshal Omar Dani (23 January 1924 – 24 July 2009) was commander of the Indonesian Air Force (TNI-AU) from 1962 until 1965.
Ong Eng Die (born 20 June 1910), also known as Wang Yongli, was a Chinese Indonesian politician and economist.
Operation Crow (Operatie Kraai)Zweers (1995) was the code name for a Dutch military offensive against the newly formed Republic of Indonesia in December 1948 – January 1949.
Operation Trikora was an combined Indonesian military operation which aimed to seize and annex the Dutch overseas territory of Netherlands New Guinea in 1961 and 1962.
The following is an accurate order of battle of the nascent Indonesian National Armed Forces as of 8 January 1946, after the then People's Security Armed Forces (Tentara Keamanan Rakyat) was transformed into the People's Safety Armed Forces (Tentara Keselamatan Rakyat) by Presidential Resolution #2/1946.
The Order of the Companions of O. R. Tambo is a South African honour.
The Order of the Condor of the Andes (La Orden del Cóndor de los Andes) is a state decoration of the Plurinational State of Bolivia instituted on 12 April 1925.
The is a Japanese order, established in 1875 by Emperor Meiji of Japan.
The is a Japanese order, established on 4 January 1888 by Emperor Meiji as the Order of Meiji.
The National Order of the Southern Cross (Ordem Nacional do Cruzeiro do Sul) is a Brazilian order of chivalry founded by Emperor Pedro I on 1 December 1822.
Order of the Yugoslav Star (Orden jugoslavenske zvijezde; Орден југословенске звезде; Red jugoslovanske zvezde; Орден југословенска ѕвезда) was the highest National order of merit awarded in Yugoslavia.
Awards and decorations of the Republic of Indonesia are both military and civilian awards for service and personal contributions to the Republic of Indonesia.
"Our Struggle" was a pamphlet written late October 1945 by Indonesian independence leader Soetan Sjahrir.
Universitas Padjadjaran (Padjadjaran University or UNPAD) is an institution of higher learning located in Bandung, which is the provincial capital of West Java, Indonesia.
Louis Victor Wijnhamer (11 February 1904 – 13 May 1975), better known as Pah Wongso, was an Indo social worker popular within the ethnic Chinese community of what was initially the Dutch East Indies, and subsequently became Indonesia.
Palabuhanratu or Pelabuhan Ratu (Sundanese for: 'Harbor of the Queen') is a subdistrict that is the administrative capital and regency seat of Sukabumi Regency.
Palangka Raya is the capital of the Indonesian province of Central Kalimantan, also famously known as Central Borneo situated between the Kahayan and the Sabangau rivers.
Pancasila is the official, foundational philosophical theory of the Indonesian state.
Pancasila Building is a historic building located in Jakarta, Indonesia.
Pancasila University (Indonesian: Universitas Pancasila) is a private university located in Jakarta, Indonesia.
Panglima is a military title used in Malay nations (e.g. Indonesia, Malaysia).
The Papua conflict is an ongoing conflict between the Indonesian government and portions of the indigenous populations of Western New Guinea (Papua) in the Indonesian provinces of Papua and West Papua on the island of New Guinea in which the Indonesian government has been accused of conducting a genocidal campaign against the indigenous inhabitants.
The Parachute Regiment, colloquially known as the Paras, is an elite airborne infantry regiment of the British Army.
The Parti Rakyat Malaysia (PRM, Malaysian People's Party) is a democratic socialist political party in Malaysia.
Paskhas (Indonesian: Korps Pasukan Khas) is the air force infantry and special forces corps of the Indonesian Air Force ("TNI-AU").
The Paskibraka (Indonesian: Pasukan Pengibar Bendera Pusaka or "National Flag Hoisting Troop") is a youth organization in Indonesia which has the main task for raising and lowering the heirloom national flag of Indonesia (now duplicate) in ceremonies commemorating the independence day of Indonesia (17 August).
Paspampres or Pasukan Pengamanan Presiden (English: "Presidential Security Force") is the name of the Indonesian presidential security unit and secret service concerned with the tasks related to the protection of the President of Indonesia, Vice President of Indonesia and its family including their residence.
The Patriot Party (Partai Patriot) was a political party in Indonesia.
Thomas Matulessy (8 June 178316 December 1817), also known as Kapitan Pattimura or simply Pattimura, was an Ambonese soldier and National Hero of Indonesia.
Pelni (Pelayaran Nasional Indonesia, Indonesian National Lines) is the national shipping company of Indonesia.
PETA (Indonesian: Pembela Tanah Air – Defenders of the Homeland) or was an Indonesian volunteer army established on 3 October 1943 in Indonesia by the occupying Japanese.
Pengkhianatan G30S/PKI (Indonesian for Treachery of G30S/PKI) is a 1984 Indonesian docudrama written and directed by Arifin C. Noer, produced by G. Dwipayana, and starring Amoroso Katamsi, Umar Kayam, and Syubah Asa.
The People's Consultative Assembly of the Republic of Indonesia (Majelis Permusyawaratan Rakyat Republik Indonesia, MPR-RI) is the legislative branch in Indonesia's political system.
The People's Representative Council (Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat, DPR), alternatively translatable as the House of Representatives or as the House of People's Representatives, is one of two elected national legislative assemblies in Indonesia.
Permesta was a rebel movement in Indonesia, its name based on Piagam Perjuangan Semesta (Universal Struggle Charter).
The Person Dignity Theory (Thuyết Nhân vị) was a Vietnamese political doctrine and ideology coined by Ngô Đình Nhu in 1954, based on Emmanuel Mounier's works.
PT Perusahaan Gas Negara (Persero) Tbk (National Gas Company in English) is an Indonesian natural gas transportation and distribution company in Indonesia.
PLN (Perusahaan Listrik Negara, 'State Electricity Company') is an Indonesian government-owned corporation which has a monopoly on electricity distribution in Indonesia and generates the majority of the country's electrical power, producing 176.4 TWh in 2015.
Peter Sie (born Sie Tiam Ie; 28 December 1929, Bogor, West Java - 1 April 2011, Jakarta) was one of the pioneers of fashion design in Indonesia.
Peter Lindsay Weir, AM (born 21 August 1944) is an Australian film director.
The Petrus killings were a series of extrajudicial executions in Indonesia that occurred between 1983 and 1985 under President Suharto's New Order regime.
The Philippine Legion of Honor (Lehiyong Pandangal ng Pilipinas) was established by President Manuel Roxas, through Philippine Army Circular No.
Pierre Andries Tendean (Batavia, February 21, 1939 – Jakarta, October 1, 1965) was a victim of the 30th September Movement (G30S) and is an Indonesian national hero.
The Pioneers' Party (Partai Pelopor) was a political party in Indonesia.
A planned community, or planned city, is any community that was carefully planned from its inception and is typically constructed on previously undeveloped greenfield land.
A political decoy is a person employed to impersonate a politician, to draw attention away from the real person or to take risks on that person's behalf.
The politics of Indonesia take place in the framework of a presidential representative democratic republic whereby the President of Indonesia is both head of state and head of government and of a multi-party system.
Johannes Cornelis Princen (November 21, 1925 in The Hague – February 22, 2002 in Jakarta), better known as Poncke Princen, was a Dutch anti-Nazi fighter and colonial soldier.
The Post-Suharto era in Indonesia began with the fall of Suharto in 1998 during which Indonesia has been in a period of transition, an era known in Indonesia as Reformasi (English: Reform).
Prabowo Subianto Djojohadikusumo (born 17 October 1951) is an Indonesian businessman, politician and former Lieutenant General in the Indonesian National Armed Forces.
Prambanan or Rara Jonggrang (Rara Jonggrang) is a 9th-century Hindu temple compound in Central Java, Indonesia, dedicated to the Trimurti, the expression of God as the Creator (Brahma), the Preserver (Vishnu) and the Transformer (Shiva).
Pramoedya Ananta Toer (EYD: Pramudya Ananta Tur) (6 February 1925 – 30 April 2006) was an Indonesian author of novels, short stories, essays, polemics and histories of his homeland and its people.
Major General Pranoto Reksosamodra (16 April 1923 – 9 June 1992) was an Indonesian Army general who was briefly army chief of staff and was detained for 15 years without trial for alleged involvement in the 30 September Movement coup attempt.
The Preparatory Committee for Indonesian Independence (Panitia Persiapan Kemerdekaan Indonesia (PPKI)) was a body established on 7 August 1945 to prepare for the transfer of authority from the occupying Japanese to Indonesia.
The presidency of Harry S. Truman began on April 12, 1945, when Harry S. Truman became President of the United States upon the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt, and ended on January 20, 1953.
President for Life is a title assumed by or granted to some leaders to remove their term limit irrevocably as a way of removing future challenges to their authority and legitimacy.
The President of the Republic of Indonesia (Presiden Republik Indonesia) is the head of state and also head of government of the Republic of Indonesia.
The Presidential Decree of July 5, 1959 was issued by President Sukarno in the face of the inability of the Constitutional Assembly of Indonesia to achieve the two-thirds majority to reimpose the 1945 Constitution.
President Sukarno's Order of the Day (8 March 1966) (Perintah Harian Panglima Tertinggi Angkatan Bersendjata/Presiden/Panglima Besar Revolusi pada tanggal 8 Maret 1966) was basically a statement that he was still the president of Indonesia, and was issued in response to a warning from Lt.
The Presidential Cabinet (Kabinet Presidensial) was the first cabinet established by Indonesia following the 17 August 1945 Indonesian Declaration of Independence.
Prijono (1907 – 1969Vickers, Adrian.. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press, 2007. pp. 146-147) was an Indonesian politician and academic.
Indonesia, in its various incarnations, had the position of Prime Minister (Perdana Menteri Republik Indonesia) from 1945 until 1966.
The Proclamation of Indonesian Independence (Proklamasi Kemerdekaan Indonesia, or simply Proklamasi) was read at 10:00 a.m. on Friday, 17 August 1945.
Proof of Citizenship of the Republic of Indonesia (Indonesian: Surat Bukti Kewarganegaraan Republik Indonesia abbreviated SBKRI) was an identity card establishing citizenship in the Republic of Indonesia employed to discriminate against Indonesians of Chinese descent.
The Provinces of Indonesia are the 34 largest subdivisions of the country and the highest tier of the local government (Daerah Tingkat I – level I region).
The Provisional Constitution of 1950 (UUDS 1950) replaced the Federal Constitution of 1949 when Indonesia unilaterally withdrew from the union with the Netherlands agreed at the Round Table Conference and returned to being a unitary state.
Puan Maharani (born September 6, 1973) is an Indonesian politician serving as the Coordinating Minister for Human Development and Cultural Affairs in Joko Widodo's Working Cabinet since 2014.
The following table indicates declared Indonesian government national holidays for the year 2018 only—cultural variants also provide opportunity for holidays tied to local events.
Puncak Jaya or Carstensz Pyramid (4,884 m) is the highest summit of Mount Jayawijaya or Mount Carstensz in the Sudirman Range of the western central highlands of Papua Province, Indonesia (within Puncak Jaya Regency).
Puncak Trikora, until 1963 Wilhelmina Peak, is a 4,730 or mountain in the Papua province of Indonesia on New Guinea.
Purworejo is a regency (kabupaten) in the southern part of Central Java province in Indonesia.
Puspa Indah (Beautiful Flower) is a 1980 album by Indonesian singer Chrisye, working in collaboration with Guruh Soekarnoputra.
The Qaumi Taranah (قومی ترانہ,, lit. “National Anthem”), also known as (پاک سرزمین,, lit. “The Sacred Land”), is the national anthem of Pakistan.
Rachmat Kartolo (13 March 1938 – 18 September 2001) was an Indonesian actor and singer.
Diah Pramana Rachmawati Soekarno or also known Rachmawati Sukarnoputri (born 27 September 1950) is an Indonesian lawyer and politician who is the daughter and sister of two presidents of Indonesia.
Racism in Asia has roots in events that have happened anywhere from thousands of years ago to the present.
Radya Pustaka Museum is a museum in Surakarta, Indonesia.
RAF Bomber Command controlled the RAF's bomber forces from 1936 to 1968.
Raghu Vira (December 30, 1902 - May 14, 1963) was an Indian linguist, scholar, prominent politician, and member of the Constituent Assembly.
Kanjeng Raden Tumenggung (K.R.T.) Radjiman Wedyodiningrat (April 21, 1879 - September 20, 1952) was an Indonesian physician and one of the founding figures of the Indonesian Republic.
Ratih Hardjono (born 6 December 1960) is an Indonesian journalist for Kompas, an author, and a public affairs consultant.
, complete name, born, widely known in Japan as Dewi Fujin (デヴィ夫人, Lady Dewi, Madame Dewi) is a Japanese businesswoman, socialite, television personality, and philanthropist.
The Ratu Adil, literally meaning Just King, is a messianic figure found in Indonesian folklore, more precisely in Javanese tradition.
Reaktor Serba Guna–Gerrit Augustinus Siwabessy (RSG-GAS) (Multipurpose Reactor–Gerrit Augustinus Siwabessy) is a research reactor located in the Serpong neighborhood of South Tangerang, Banten, Indonesia.
Indonesia is constitutionally a secular state and the first principle of Indonesia's philosophical foundation, Pancasila, is "belief in the one and only God".
Raden Soekarno (Perfected Spelling: Sukarno; 7 May 1920 – 27 November 1985), better known as Rendra Karno, was an Indonesian actor.
The Republic of Indonesia (Negara Republik Indonesia, old spelling: Negara Repoeblik Indonesia, lit. "State of the Republic of Indonesia") was a federal state (negara bagian) of the United States of Indonesia (RUSI) which was established on 27 December 1949.
South Maluku, officially the Republic of South Maluku, is an unrecognized secessionist republic in the southern Maluku Islands archipelago in Maritime Southeast Asia that claims the islands of Ambon, Buru, and Seram as part of its territory, all of which are currently part of the Indonesian province of Maluku.
The Republic of the United States of Indonesia Cabinet (Kabinet Republik Indonesia Serikat) was established as a result of the formation of the United States of Indonesia following the transfer of sovereignty from the Dutch colonial power.
The revised Dwikora Cabinet (Kabinet Dwikora Yang Disempurnakan) was the Indonesian Cabinet which served under President Sukarno from February 1966 to March 1966.
The Revolutionary Government of the Republic of Indonesia (Pemerintah Revolusioner Republik Indonesia (PRRI)) was an alternative government set up in Sumatra to oppose the central government of Indonesia in 1958.
The rupiah was a distinct currency of the Riau Archipelago between 1963 and 1964.
Riau-Lingga Sultanate (Malay/Indonesian: Kesultanan Riau-Lingga, Jawi: كسلطانن رياو-ليڠڬ), also known as the Lingga-Riau Sultanate, Riau Sultanate or Lingga Sultanate was a Malay sultanate that existed from 1824 to 1911, before being dissolved following Dutch intervention.
Ricky Chilnady Pratama Harun better known as Ricky Harun (born January 12, 1987) is an Indonesian actor.
Marjolein Tambayong, better known by her stage name Rima Melati (born 22 August 1939), is an Indonesian actress and singer.
Robert L. Kroon (1924, The Hague – June 24, 2007, Genolier) was a prominent Dutch journalist who reported on conflicts and other stories as a foreign correspondent from Africa, Asia and Europe for nearly 60 years.
The Roem – van Roijen Agreement was an agreement made between Indonesia and the Netherlands on 7 May 1949.
Rosihan Anwar (10 May 1922 – 14 April 2011) was a renowned Indonesian journalist and author.
The Royal Netherlands Navy (Koninklijke Marine, “Royal Navy”) is the navy of the Netherlands.
Johan Rudolf Bonnet (30 March 1895, Amsterdam - 18 April 1978, Laren) was a Dutch artist who lived much of his life in the town of Ubud on Bali, Indonesia.
Rukmini Sukarno Kline (born around 1943) is a daughter of President Sukarno of Indonesia.
Ruma Maida (released internationally as Maida's House) is a 2009 Indonesian film written by Ayu Utami, directed by Teddy Soeriaatmadja and starring Atiqah Hasiholan,, Nino Fernandez, and Frans Tumbuan.
Ruslan Abdulgani (November 24, 1914, Soerabaja — June 29, 2005, Jakarta) his first name is also spelled Roeslan) was an Indonesian government official and diplomat known for his role as a leader during the Indonesian National Revolution in the late 1940s, and as a key minister and United Nations ambassador in the Sukarno government during the 1950s and 1960s. Ruslan was born and raised in Surabaya, East Java. He came from an upper-middle-class family; his father was a neighborhood shopkeeper and owned a small fleet of taxis. His mother, his father's second wife, was a religious tutor, giving reading and religion lessons from the Qur'an. According to a memoir of his childhood, which Ruslan wrote in the 1970s, his mother was also a strong Javanese nationalist, and it was from her that he first learned about Dutch colonial rule and the possibility of independence. During the Indonesian fight for independence from the Dutch in the late 1940s, Ruslan was a key lieutenant under Sukarno, earning the future president's trust and ensuring him a secure place in the new government. In the 1950s he served most prominently as foreign minister, representing Indonesia abroad during the tumultuous decade when, under Sukarno's leadership, Indonesia tried to transform itself into a postcolonial, anti-imperialist success story. Ruslan's most prominent moment as a public servant came in 1955, when he served as secretary-general of the Bandung Conference, a major meeting of African and Asian countries working to form what became the Non-Aligned Movement as an alternative to alignment with one of the Cold War superpowers. Ruslan served as Indonesia's foreign minister from March 1956 to April 1957. From July 1959 to March 1962, he was head of the Supreme Advisory Council (DPA); in October 1962 he became Minister of Information. While being foreign minister, Ruslan was briefly arrested in August 1956 by the Indonesian military in West Java, and accused of corruption. Part of a power struggle between the Sukarno government and dissatisfied military officers, he was promptly pardoned by vote of Sukarno's cabinet, and the military was forced to release him. While being a minister in 1964, he was a first rector of Teacher and Education Science Institute or now is Indonesia University of Education. He acted as rector until 1966. After Suharto replaced Sukarno as president in 1967, Ruslan served briefly as Indonesian ambassador to the United Nations. He left formal government service in 1971, but continued to play a role as an elder statesman in Indonesian politics. After president Suharto stepped down in 1998, he emerged as an advisor to presidential candidate Megawati Sukarnoputri, Sukarno's daughter, and as a critic of Suharto's Golkar successors, Jusuf Habibie and Abdurrahman Wahid. In 1998 Dutch historians Bob de Graaff and Cees Wiebes published a book, Villa Maarheeze: De Geschiedenis van de Inlichtingendienst Buitenland (Villa Maarheeze: The History of the Netherlands Foreign Intelligence Service) in which they alleged that Ruslan had secretly worked for the Dutch government during the conflict over Papua (Irian Jaya) in the 1960s, by passing confidential information about Indonesian activities. Ruslan vehemently denied the charges, saying that he had seldom even communicated with the Dutch government even in his official government capacities. Ruslan's wife Sihwati Nawangwulan, also a prominent activist during Indonesia's independence movement, died in 2001 at the age of 85. Ruslan and Sihwati had five children together. Ruslan died in June 2005 after suffering from stroke and pneumonia. He was one of the last survivors of Indonesia's war for independence. President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono called him "a leader who never said bad things about others". Suharto called him "a great man and leader who has given so much for the country he loves". His second daughter, Retnowati Abdulgani-Knapp, wrote a biography about her father, A Fading Dream: The Story of Roeslan Abdulgani and Indonesia, which was published in 2003. In it, she described Ruslan as a lifelong fighter against colonialism and imperialism. Abdulgani was awarded the Grand Decoration of Honour in Gold with Sash for Services to the Republic of Austria in 1956. Documentary: http://www.hollanddoc.nl/kijk-luister/landen-en-regios/indonesie.html?playurn.
Russophilia (literally love of Russia or Russians) is individual or collective admiration of Russia and Russian culture.
was a Japanese businessman, politician, and philanthropist.
Soerastri Karma Trimurti (11 May 1912 – 20 May 2008), who was known as S. K. Trimuti, was an Indonesian journalist, writer and teacher, who took part in the Indonesian independence movement against colonial rule by the Netherlands.
Sabah is a state of Malaysia located on the northern portion of Borneo Island.
Professor Kyai Haji Saifuddin Zuhri (October 1, 1919 - March 25, 1986) was the Minister of Religious Affairs for Indonesia under President Sukarno.
The Saint Petersburg Mosque (Санкт-Петербу́ргская мече́ть), when opened in 1913, was the largest mosque in Europe outside Turkey, its minarets 49 meters in height and the dome is 39 meters high.
Salikin Mardi Hardjo (1910- July 1993) was a Javanese-Surinamese social activist born in Malang, Jawa Timur (East Java), Indonesia.
Salvador Roman Hidalgo Laurel (November 18, 1928 – January 27, 2004), also known as Doy Laurel, was a Filipino lawyer and politician who served as Vice-President of the Philippines from 1986 to 1992 under President Corazon Aquino and briefly served as Prime Minister from 25 February to 25 March 1986, when the position was abolished.
Sanger is a surname.
Sanglah Hospital (Rumah Sakit Umum Provinsi Sanglah) is the largest hospital in Bali.
Sanur (Indonesian: Pantai Sanur, pronounced sah-noor) is a coastal stretch of beach east of Denpasar city, southeast Bali, about 30 minutes drive from Ngurah Rai International Airport, which has grown into a little town in its own right.
Sanusi Pane (14 November 1905 – 2 January 1968) was an Indonesian writer, journalist, and historian.
Sarawak is a state of Malaysia.
Sarekat Islam, formerly Islamists Trade Union (Indonesian: Sarekat Dagang Islam), was a cooperative of Javanese batik traders in the Dutch East Indies and a predecessor of independent Indonesia.
Sarinah, dubbed "The Indonesian Emporium", is a 74 meters tall and 15 floors department store in Gondangdia, Menteng, Central Jakarta, Indonesia.
Sarwo Edhie Wibowo (July 25, 1925 – November 9, 1989) was an Indonesian military leader and the father of Kristiani Herrawati, first lady of Indonesia and the wife of president Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, and also the father of Chief of Staff Pramono Edhie Wibowo.
The Satriamandala Museum (also spelled Satria Mandala Museum) is the main museum for the Indonesian Armed Forces.
Satrio Piningit (Gedrik Javanese: Satriå Pininģit, Javanese Hanacaraka: ꦩꦉꦠ꧀꧇꧒꧐꧑; means "Hidden Knight/ Hidden Kshatriya") is a Javanese character of Jongko Joyobhoyo (Jayabaya Prophecies) in Javanese myths by which considered as one who would become a Great Leader of Nusantara (modern-day Indonesia) and rule all over the world from Java.
The Savoy Homann Bidakara Hotel is a historic luxury four stars hotel located on Asia Afrika Street, Bandung, Indonesia.
Mohamad Ibnu Sayuti, known as Sayuti Melik, (born on November 22, 1908 in Sleman, Yogyakarta, Dutch East Indies - died on February 27, 1989 in Jakarta, Indonesia) was the Indonesian typist of the copy of the proclamation of independence, which was proclaimed by Sukarno on August 17, 1945.
The Schermerhorn–Drees cabinet was the cabinet of the Netherlands from 25 June 1945 until 3 July 1946.
The Second Ali Sastroamidjojo Cabinet was an Indonesian cabinet that served from 26 March 1956 until 14 March 1957.
The second Amir Sjarifuddin Cabinet (Kabinet Amir Sjarifuddin Kedua) was Indonesia's sixth cabinet and was the result of a reshuffle to allow for the entry of the Masyumi Party, which gained five posts.
The second Hatta Cabinet (Kabinet Hatta Kedua) was Indonesia's ninth cabinet.
The second revised Dwikora Cabinet (Kabinet Dwikora Yang Disempurnakan Lagi) was the Indonesian cabinet which served under President Sukarno from March 1966 until July 1966.
The second Sjahrir Cabinet (Kabinet Sjahrir Kedua) was the third Indonesian cabinet and the second formed by Sutan Sjahrir.
The Second Working Cabinet, (Kabinet Kerja II), was an Indonesian cabinet that served from 18 February 1960 until 6 March 1962, when President Sukarno reshuffled it.
Soekarmadji Maridjan Kartosoewirjo (January 7, 1905 – September 5, 1962) was an Indonesian Islamic mystic who led the Darul Islam rebellion against the Indonesian government from 1949 to 1962, with the objective of overthrowing the secular Pancasila ideology and establishing Negara Islam Indonesia (Islamic State of Indonesia) based on sharia law.
Selamat Datang Monument (Selamat Datang is Indonesian for "Welcome"), also known as the Monumen Bundaran HI or Monumen Bunderan HI, is a monument located in Central Jakarta, Indonesia.
A self-coup (or autocoup, from the Spanish autogolpe) is a form of putsch or coup d'état in which a nation's leader, despite having come to power through legal means, dissolves or renders powerless the national legislature and unlawfully assumes extraordinary powers not granted under normal circumstances.
Selo Soemardjan (May 23, 1915 in Yogyakarta – June 11, 2003 in Jakarta), also spelled as Selo Sumarjan or Selo Sumardjan.
Semanggi Incerchange is a major road junction in Jakarta, Indonesia which connects Central Jakarta, South Jakarta, East Jakarta and West Jakarta without any traffic lights.
Senja di Jakarta (Twilight in Jakarta) is an Indonesian novel written by Mochtar Lubis and first published in English by Hutchinson & Co. in 1963, with a translation by Claire Holt.
The following events occurred in September 1965.
The following events occurred in September 1967.
Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember (ITS) is an Indonesian public university located in Surabaya, East Java, with a strong emphasis on scientific, engineering, and technological education and research.
Serbuni, short for Serikat Buruh Unilever Indonesia ('Unilever Workers Union of Indonesia'), was a trade union of workers at the factories of Unilever in Indonesia.
The, or Shōwa era, refers to the period of Japanese history corresponding to the reign of the Shōwa Emperor, Hirohito, from December 25, 1926 until his death on January 7, 1989.
The Shōwa L2D and Nakajima L2D, given the designations: Shōwa Navy Type 0 Transport and Nakajima Navy Type 0 Transport, were license-built versions of the Douglas DC-3.
Siauw Giok Tjhan (March 23, 1914 - November 20, 1981) was a Chinese Indonesian activist and politician.
Sikap (also known as Mimbar-politik sikap) was an Indonesian newspaper, published in Djakarta in the 1950s during the Sukarno area.
Singapore was one of the 14 states of Malaysia from 1963 to 1965.
Siswondo Parman (4 August 1918 – 1 October 1965) or more popularly known such as in streets name as S. Parman, was a soldier in the Indonesian Army, and was kidnapped from his home in Jakarta by members of the 30 September Movement in the early hours of October 1.
Sitor Situmorang (2 October 1923 – 21 December 2014) was an Indonesian poet, essayist and writer of short stories.
Sjafruddin Prawiranegara's Emergency Cabinet (Kabinet Darurat) was the government of the Emergency Government of the Republic of Indonesia (PDRI), effectively Indonesia's government-in-exile, established in Bukittinggi, West Sumatra following the second Dutch military aggression when the republican capital of Yogyakarta was seized and most of the cabinet allowed itself to be captured in the hope of attracting sympathy from the outside world.
Sjafruddin Prawiranegara, (also written Syafruddin Prawiranegara, 28 February 191115 February 1989), was an Indonesian politician, economist, and latterly Islamic philosopher.
Socialism is a range of economic and social systems characterised by social ownership and democratic control of the means of production as well as the political theories and movements associated with them.
The Socialist Party (Partai Sosialis) was a political party in Indonesia.
The Socialist Party of Indonesia (Partai Sosialis Indonesia) was a political party in Indonesia from 1948 until 1960, when it was banned by President Sukarno.
The Socialist Party of Indonesia (Partai Sosialis Indonesia, Parsi) was a political party in Indonesia.
Soe Hok Gie (17 December 1942 – 16 December 1969) was a Chinese Indonesian activist who opposed the successive dictatorships of Presidents Sukarno and Suharto.
Subandrio (15 September 1914 – 3 July 2004) was an Indonesian politician and Foreign Minister and First Deputy Prime Minister of Indonesia under President Sukarno.
Soedjatmoko (born Soedjatmoko Mangoendiningrat; 10 January 1922 – 21 December 1989), familiarly called Bung Koko, was an Indonesian intellectual and diplomat.
Soegija is an epic history drama of Indonesia, directed by the senior director of Indonesia Garin Nugroho, about national hero Albertus Soegijapranata.
Soejoedi Wirjoatmodjo (December 27, 1928 in Surakarta - June 17, 1981 in Jakarta) was an architect in Indonesia who was active during the late 1960s and mid 1970s.
Soekarno (Soekarno: Indonesia Merdeka — "Indonesia's Independence") is a 2013 Indonesian biographical film directed by Hanung Bramantyo and written by Ben Sihombing.
Soekarno–Hatta International Airport (Bandar Udara Internasional Soekarno–Hatta), abbreviated SHIA or Cengkareng Airport, hence IATA designator "CGK",--> is the primary airport serving the Greater Jakarta area on the island of Java in Indonesia.
Soeman Hasibuan (Perfected Spelling: Suman Hasibuan; 4 April 1904 – 8 May 1999) better known by his pen name Soeman Hs, was an Indonesian author recognized for pioneering detective fiction and short story writing in the country's literature.
Soemarno Sosroatmodjo (born in Rambipuji, Jember, East Java, on 24 April 1911 - died in Jakarta, 9 January 1991) was an Indonesian military, a doctor and a politician.
Soenario (28 August 1902 – 18 May 1997), also spelled Sunario, was Indonesia's minister of foreign affairs from 1953 to 1955.
Lieutenant General R. Soeprapto (24 August 1920 – 1 October 1965) was the second deputy commander of the Indonesian Army, and was kidnapped from his home in Jakarta by members of the 30 September Movement in the early hours of 1 October.
Soeraedi Tahsin (died February 25, 2003 in Amsterdam), also known as Eddie Soeraedi, was an Indonesian journalist and diplomat.
Raden Panji Soeroso (alt, Suroso) (born in Porong, Sidoarjo, East Java, Dutch East Indies, 3 November 1893 - died in Indonesia, 16 May 1981 at the age of 87 years) was a politician, Sarekat Islam activist, and a National Hero of Indonesia.
Sonbai Kecil or Lesser Sonbai was an Atoni princedom in West Timor, now included in Indonesia.
The songkok or peci or kopiah is a cap widely worn in Indonesia, Brunei, Malaysia, Singapore, the southern Philippines and southern Thailand, most commonly among Muslim males.
The Soong Ching Ling Memorial Residence, located at 1843 Middle Huaihai Road, is the former residence of Soong Ching-ling (wife of Sun Yat-sen and later Vice-President and Honorary President of the People's Republic of China) in Shanghai, China, from 1948 to 1963.
South Kalimantan (Kalimantan Selatan) is a province of Indonesia.
The South Sulawesi Campaign (10 December 1946 – 21 February 1947) was a campaign of the Indonesian National Revolution.
The Special Administrative Region of Yogyakarta (occasionally pronounced or; Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta (DIY), or simply Yogyakarta) is a region of Republic of Indonesia in the middle of Java.
Sports in Indonesia are popular from both the participation and spectating aspect.
SS Aquila (originally SS Duke of Sparta) was a cargo ship built in Britain in 1940 for Stavros Livanos' Trent Maritime Co Ltd.
SS Armonia was a cargo ship built in Britain in 1924 for the Moor Line as SS Tullochmoor.
SS Flying Lark was a ship built in Fredrikstad, Norway in 1915 as the banana boat SS Honduras.
SS San Flaviano was a 1950s British oil tanker owned by Eagle Oil and Shipping Company, a British subsidiary of Royal Dutch Shell.
The Star of the Republic of Indonesia (Bintang Republik Indonesia) is Indonesia's highest order awarded to both civilians and the military for their merits to the republic and the people.
State Express 555, simply known as 555, is a brand of cigarette originally manufactured in the United Kingdom by the Ardath Tobacco Company.
A state funeral is a public funeral ceremony, observing the strict rules of protocol, held to honour people of national significance.
State University of Jakarta (Indonesian: Universitas Negeri Jakarta, commonly abbreviated as UNJ) is a public university in Jakarta, Indonesia.
The Dutch-Indonesian foundation Stichting Opbouw-Pembangoenan (later Jajasan Pembangunan) was established on 24 March 1947 by the Dutch weekly Vrij Nederland.
Student activism is work by students to cause political, environmental, economic, or social change.
Subekti (1914-1992) was the fourth Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Indonesia.
Sudharmono (12 March 1927 – 25 January 2006) was Indonesia's fifth vice president, and was in office during the period 1988 – 1993.
General of the Army Raden Soedirman (Perfected Spelling: Sudirman; 24 January 1916 – 29 January 1950) was a high-ranking Indonesian military officer during the Indonesian National Revolution.
Sudisman (1920 – October 1968) was a general secretary of the Communist Party of Indonesia (PKI) and the only PKI leader to be put on trial following the 30 September Movement in 1965.
Sudjana Kerton (22 November 1922 – April 1994) was an Indonesian painter.
Sugianto Sabran is an Indonesian politician and the current governor of Central Kalimantan.
Raden Sugiyono Mangunwiyoto (August 12, 1926–October 1, 1965) was one of 10 revolutionary heroes of Indonesia.
Muhammad Suharto (also written Soeharto;, or Muhammad Soeharto; 8 June 1921 – 27 January 2008) was an Indonesian military leader and politician who served as the second President of Indonesia, holding the office for 31 years from the ousting of Sukarno in 1967 until his resignation in 1998.
Sukarni (14 July 1916 – 7 May 1971) was an activist who demanded independence for Indonesia during the Dutch colonial era and the Japanese occupation, and was the chairman of the Murba Party until his death.
The Sukiman Cabinet was an Indonesian cabinet that served from 27 April 1951 until 25 February 1952.
Diah Mutiara Sukmawati Sukarnoputri (born 26 October 1951) is the third daughter of Indonesia’s founding president Sukarno and his wife Fatmawati.
Sukotjo Tjokroatmodjo (also spelled Soekotjo) (18 December 1927 - 16 March 2017) was an Indonesian historian, civil servant and retired Major general.
Sultan Agung Adi Prabu Hanyakrakusuma (Javanese: ꦯꦸꦭ꧀ꦠꦤ꧀ꦲꦒꦸꦁꦲꦢꦶꦦꦿꦧꦸꦲꦚꦏꦿꦏꦸꦱꦸꦩ, Sultan Agung Adi Prabu Hanyåkråkusumå) was the third Sultan of Mataram in Central Java ruling from 1613 to 1645.
Sultan Hamid II, born Syarif Abdul Hamid Alkadrie (شريف عبد الحميد القادري; 12 July 1913 – 30 March 1978) was the eight Sultan of Pontianak and the only President of the State of West Kalimantan from 1946 to its disestablishment in 1950.
Sumitro (13 January 1927 – 10 May 1998) was a prominent Indonesian General in the early years of General Suharto's New Order before suddenly falling from grace in January 1974 after the Malari incident.
The Sunda Straits Crisis was a two-week confrontation between the United Kingdom and Indonesia over the passage of the Illustrious-class aircraft carrier HMS ''Victorious'' through the Sunda Strait, a major waterway separating the Indonesian islands of Java and Sumatra, occurring between August and September 1964.
Supeno (June 12, 1916 - February 24, 1949) is the Minister of Development/Youth at First Hatta Cabinet.
The Supersemar, the Indonesian abbreviation for Surat Perintah Sebelas Maret (Order of Eleventh March), was a document signed by the Indonesian President Sukarno on 11 March 1966, giving the army commander Lt.
A supreme leader typically refers to the person among a number of leaders of a state, organization or other such group who has been given or is able to exercise the mostor complete authority over it.
Supriyadi, older spelling Soeprijadi (April 13, 1923 – 1945?), was an Indonesian national hero who rebelled against the occupying Japanese in 1945.
Surakarta Sunanate (Indonesian: Kasunanan Surakarta; Javanese: Kasunanan/Karaton Surakarta Hadiningrat; Soerakarta) is a Javanese monarchy centred in the city of Surakarta, in the province of Central Java, Indonesia.
Surname conventions and laws vary around the world.
Suryadi (sometimes spelled Soerjadi) was a former Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Indonesia, as well as the first chairman of the Indonesian Judges Association.
The Susanto Cabinet was the first cabinet of the Republic of Indonesia while it was one of 16 states in the United States of Indonesia.
Susanto Tirtoprodjo (3 March 1900 – 16 November 1969) was the acting Prime Minister of the Republic of Indonesia (part of the United States of Indonesia from December 20, 1949 to January 16, 1950. He was also a member of the Investigating Committee for Preparatory Work for Independence (BPUPK) and served in a number of early Indonesian cabinets. When searching for more information about this man, please be aware that his name is either Susanto Tirtoprojo or Soesanto Tirtoprodjo, the former being the international spelling and the latter being the Dutch spelling which is still widely used. Susanto Tirtoprodjo is a mix of both spellings.
Sutan Sjahrir (5 March 1909 – 9 April 1966) was an avant garde and idealistic Indonesian intellectual, as well as revolutionary independence leader.
Sutomo (3 October 1920 – 7 October 1981), also known as Bung Tomo, is best known for his role as an Indonesian military leader during the Indonesian National Revolution against the Netherlands.
Sutoyo Siswomiharjo (Born in Karanganyar City, Kebumen 28 August 1922 – 1 October 1965) was an Indonesian general who was kidnapped and later murdered during the attempted coup by the 30 September Movement.
Brigadier general Kyai Hajji Syam'unAfter the time of his death, Syam'un was promoted posthumously (Indonesian: anumerta) to the rank Brigadier general Indonesian National Armed Forces.
Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University Jakarta (Bahasa Indonesia: Universitas Islam Negeri (UIN) Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta, Arabic: جامعة شريف هداية الله الإسلامية الحكومية جاكرتا) is a public university in Indonesia.
Ratu Bagus Hendra Bambang Wisanggeni Soerjaatmadja, M.B.A. (EYD: Ratu Bagus Hendra Bambang Wisanggeni Suryaatmaja; born 31 August 1954) is the 18th sultan of Banten who was crowned on December 11, 2016 with the title of Sultan Syarif Muhammad as-Shafiuddin Azmatkhan al-Husaini.
Syiah Kuala University (Universitas Syiah Kuala (Unsyiah)), founded on September 2, 1961, is the largest and the oldest national university in Banda Aceh, Indonesia.
Tahi Bonar Simatupang (28 January 1920 – 1 January 1990) was a soldier who served in the Indonesian National Revolution and went on to become chief of staff of the Indonesian Armed Forces.
was a high-ranking Imperial Japanese Navy officer during the Pacific War.
Taiping Aerodrome is an aerodrome in Taiping, Larut, Matang and Selama, Perak, Malaysia.
The Taiwan independence movement is a political movement to pursue formal independence of Taiwan, Goals for independence have arisen from international law in relation to the 1952 Treaty of San Francisco.
Museum Taman Prasasti (Indonesian for Museum of Memorial Stone Park or Inscription Museum) is a museum located in Jakarta, Indonesia.
Taman Proklamasi (Proclamation Park) is a park complex located in Central Jakarta, Indonesia.
Tampaksiring is a town in central Bali, Gianyar Regency, Indonesia.
The Tampaksiring Palace (Indonesian:Istana Tampaksiring) is one of 6 Presidential Palaces of Indonesia, it is located in Tampaksiring, Gianyar Regency, Bali.
Tamu Agung (Exalted Guest) is a 1955 Indonesian dramatic comedy film directed by Usmar Ismail.
Tan Boen Soan (25 June 1905 – 1952) was an ethnic Chinese Malay-language writer and journalist from Sukabumi, Java.
Ibrahim Gelar Datuk Sutan Malaka (Jawi: إبراهيم ڬلر داتوق سوتن ملاك; June 2, 1897 – February 21, 1949, usually called Tan Malaka, Jawi: تن ملاك) was a teacher, Indonesian philosopher, founder of Struggle Union (Persatuan Perjuangan) and Murba Party, independent guerrilla, Indonesian fighter, and Indonesian national hero.
Taufiq Ismail (born 25 June 1935) is an Indonesian poet, activist and the editor of the monthly literary magazine "Horison" Ismail figured prominently in Indonesian literature of the post-Sukarno period and is considered one of the pioneers of the "Generation of '66".
Taufiq Kiemas (31 December 1942 – 8 June 2013) was the Speaker of the People's Consultative Assembly of Indonesia from 2009 until his death in 2013.
Teuku Muhammad Hasan (April 4, 1906 – September 21, 1997) was an Indonesian politician, and the first Governor of Sumatra after Indonesian Independence in 1945, and Deputy Chairman, concurrently Home Affairs, Education & Culture and Religious Affairs ad interim in Sjafruddin Prawiranegara's Indonesia Emergency Cabinet (22 December 1948 – 13 July 1949).
Teuku Umar (Meulaboh, West Aceh, 1854 – February 11, 1899) was a leader of a guerrilla campaign against the Dutch in Aceh during the Aceh War.
The Act of Killing (Jagal, meaning "Butcher") is a 2012 documentary film about individuals who participated in the Indonesian mass killings of 1965–66.
African-American author Richard Wright's book The Color Curtain: A Report on the Bandung Conference (Cleveland and New York: World, 1956) is based on his impressions and analysis of the postcolonial Asian-African Conference, which was a gathering of representatives from 29 independent Asian and African countries, held in the city of Bandung, Indonesia, April 18–24, 1955.
The KGB and Soviet Disinformation: An Insider's View is a non-fiction book about the KGB's use of disinformation and information warfare during the Soviet Union period.
The Plaza Semanggi is a commercial complex at Semanggi Interchange in South Jakarta, Indonesia.
The Year of Living Dangerously is a 1982 Australian romantic drama film directed by Peter Weir and co-written by Weir and David Williamson adapted from Christopher Koch's 1978 novel The Year of Living Dangerously.
The Year of Living Dangerously is a 1978 novel by Christopher Koch in which a male Australian journalist, a female British diplomat, and a Chinese-Australian male dwarf interact in Indonesia in the summer and autumn of 1965.
The third Sjahrir Cabinet (Kabinet Sjahrir Ketiga) was the fourth Indonesian cabinet.
The Third Working Cabinet, (Kabinet Kerja III), was an Indonesian cabinet that resulted from a 6 March 1962 reshuffle of the previous cabinet by President Sukarno.
Third World socialism was a variant of socialism proponed by Kwame Nkrumah, Modibo Keïta, Ahmed Sékou Touré, Fidel Castro, Julius Nyerere, Salah al-Din al-Bitar, Michel Aflaq, Gamal Abdel Nasser, Juan Perón, Jawaharlal Nehru, Sukarno, David Ben-Gurion, Muammar Gaddafi, Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, Buddhadasa, Walter Lini and other such socialist leaders of the Third World who saw a non-Soviet version of socialism as the answer to a strong and developed nation.
Third-Worldism is a political concept and ideology that emerged in the late 1940s or early 1950s during the Cold War and tried to generate unity among the nations that did not want to take sides between the United States and the Soviet Union.
Thunder in the East is a 1950 11-minute Canadian short documentary film, directed by Douglas Tunstell and produced by Sydney Newman for the National Film Board of Canada (NFB) as part of the postwar Canada Carries On series.
Tidore (Kota Tidore Kepulauan) is a city, island, and archipelago in the Maluku Islands of eastern Indonesia, west of the larger island of Halmahera.
Tiga Dara (Indonesian for Three Maidens) is a 1957 Indonesian-language musical comedy film starring Chitra Dewi, Mieke Wijaya, and Indriati Iskak.
This is a timeline of the main events of the Cold War, a state of political and military tension after World War II between powers in the Western Bloc (the United States, its NATO allies and others) and powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union, its allies in the Warsaw Pact and later the People's Republic of China).
This is a timeline of Indonesian history, comprising important legal and territorial changes and political events in Indonesia and its predecessor states.
This is the Timeline of Indonesian National Revolution (1945–1950).
Tirta Empul temple is a Hindu Balinese water temple located near the town of Tampaksiring, Bali, Indonesia.
Sumarti (born 1 November 1937), better known by her stage name Titiek Puspa, is an Indonesian singer and songwriter.
Raden Ajeng Titien Sumarni (28 December 1932 – 15 May 1966) was an Indonesian film actress active in the 1950s.
Tito's Blue Train (Plavi voz) is a luxury train, once used by Josip Broz Tito, while president of the former Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
The Tjakrabirawa Regiment was the presidential bodyguard unit of former Indonesian President Sukarno.
Tošin Bunar (Тошин Бунар) is an urban neighborhood of Belgrade, the capital of Serbia.
Tony Rafty (born Anthony Raftopoulos; 12 October 1915 – 9 October 2015) was a Greek-Australian artist.
Tourism in Indonesia is an important component of the Indonesian economy as well as a significant source of its foreign exchange revenues.
Trams in Asia were well established at the start of the 20th century, but started to decline in use in the 1930s.
The Jakarta tram system was a transport system in Jakarta, Indonesia.
Indonesia's transition to the "New Order" in the mid-1960s, ousted the country's first president, Sukarno, after 22 years in the position.
The transmigration program (Transmigrasi, from Dutch, transmigratie) was an initiative of the Dutch colonial government, and later continued by the Indonesian government to move landless people from densely populated areas of Indonesia to less populous areas of the country.
As a metropolitan area of about 30 million people, Jakarta has a variety of transport systems.
Tuanku Rao (1790-1833) was an Islamic cleric (ulama), leader and commander.
Tugu Muda is a stone monument in Semarang, Java commemorating the struggle for independence by Indonesian youth.
Tuti Indra Malaon (1 December 1939 – 20 September 1989), born Pudjiastuti Suratno, was an Indonesian actress, dancer, and lecturer.
Televisi Republik Indonesia (TVRI) is a state-owned, public broadcasting television network and the oldest television entity in Indonesia. It is based in Senayan, Central Jakarta. TVRI monopolised television broadcasting in Indonesia until 24 August 1989, when the first commercial television station RCTI went on the air.
(10 October 1924 – 21 March 2003) was the fourth Indonesian Vice President; he served from 1983 to 1988.
The United Development Party (Partai Persatuan Pembangunan, sometimes translated as Development Unity Party), frequently abbreviated to PPP, is an Islam-basedAl-Hamdi, Ridho.
The United Malays National Organisation (Malay: Pertubuhan Kebangsaan Melayu Bersatu; Jawi: ڤرتوبوهن کبڠساءن ملايو برساتو, abbreviated UMNO or lesser known as PEKEMBAR) is Malaysia's main opposition political party.
United Nations Security Council Resolution 63, adopted on December 24, 1948, in response to a report by the Committee of Good Offices the Council called upon the parties to cease hostilities and to release the President of the Republic of Indonesia and other political prisoners arrested since December 18, 1948.
United Nations Security Council Resolution 64, adopted on December 28, 1948, noted that the Netherlands had not complied with the demands to release the President of the Republic of Indonesia and other political prisoners as issued in United Nations Security Council Resolution 63.
United States involvement in regime change has entailed both overt and covert actions aimed at altering, replacing, or preserving foreign governments.
The Republic of the United States of Indonesia (Republik Indonesia Serikat, RIS), abbreviated as RUSI, was a federal state to which the Netherlands formally transferred sovereignty of the Dutch East Indies (minus Netherlands New Guinea) on 27 December 1949 following the Dutch-Indonesian Round Table Conference.
Universitas Nasional (UNAS or Nasional University) is the oldest private university in Jakarta and the second oldest in Indonesia.
Lieutenant Colonel Untung bin Syamsuri (Sruni, Kebumen, Central Java, 3 July 1926Army Judiciary Education Center (1966) p. 3 – September 1967Hughes (2002) p. 205) was one of the leaders of the 1965 coup attempt in Indonesia known as the 30 September Movement.
Oerip Soemohardjo (Perfected Spelling: Urip Sumoharjo, 22 February 1893 – 17 November 1948) was an Indonesian general and the first chief of staff of the Indonesian National Armed Forces.
Vengalil Krishnan Krishna Menon (3 May 1896 – 6 October 1974) was an Indian nationalist, diplomat, and politician, described by some as the second most powerful man in India, after his ally, 1st Prime Minister of India Jawaharlal Nehru.
Vallabhbhai Jhaverbhai Patel (31 October 1875 – 15 December 1950), popularly known as Sardar Patel, was the first Deputy Prime Minister of India.
Admiral of the Fleet Sir Varyl Cargill Begg (1 October 1908 – 13 July 1995) was a Royal Navy officer.
Vice President Edict No.
Virendra Prabhakar was an Indian press photojournalist, cited by the Limca Book of Records as the longest serving press photojournalist.
Vivere pericoloso (or in another source, vivere pericolosamente) is a phrase in the Italian language, which means "to live dangerously".
RRI World Service, Voice of Indonesia (VOI) is an autonomous division under Radio Republik Indonesia (RRI).
Wage Rudolf Supratman (Wage Superman the old orthography or commonly known as W. Superman) (Purworejo, 9 March 1903 – Surabaya, 17 August 1938) was an Indonesian songwriter who wrote both the lyrics and melody of the national anthem of Indonesia - "Indonesia Raya." He is an Indonesian National Hero.
K.H. Muhammad Wahib Wahab (born in Rice Embankment, Jombang, East Java, Indonesia on November 1, 1918 - died in Jakarta, Indonesia on July 12, 1986 at the age of 67 years) once served as Minister of Religious Affairs.
Abdul Wahid Hasyim (June 1, 1914 – April 19, 1953) was the first Minister of Religious Affairs in the government of President Sukarno of Indonesia, a post he held in 1945, and from 1949 to 1952.
Wang Guangmei (26 September 1921 – 13 October 2006) was a respected Chinese politician, philanthropist, and First Lady, the wife of Liu Shaoqi, who served as the President of the People's Republic of China from 1959 to 1968.
Werner Herzog (born 5 September 1942) is a German screenwriter, film director, author, actor, and opera director.
West Irian Liberation Monument or Irian Jaya Liberation Monument (Indonesian Monumen Patung Pembebasan Irian Jaya) is a postwar modernist monument located in Jakarta, Indonesia.
The rupiah was a distinct currency of West Irian (formerly West New Guinea) between 1963 and 1973.
West Kalimantan (Kalimantan Barat, Malay: كليمنتان بارت,; Hakka: Sî-Kâ-lí-màn-tân; Teochew: Sai-Gia-li-man-dang) is a province of Indonesia.
The West New Guinea dispute (1950–1962), also known as the West Irian dispute, was a diplomatic and political conflict between the Netherlands and Indonesia over the territory of Netherlands New Guinea.
Widjojo Nitisastro (23 September 1927 – 9 March 2012) was an Indonesian economist.
Louisa Johanna Theodora van Dort (born May 16, 1943 in Surabaya, Dutch East Indies) is a Dutch actress, comedian, singer, writer and artist of Indo (Eurasian) descent.
Wikana (born 16 October 1914) was an Indonesian minister and one of independence leaders.
Willem Leonard Oltmans (10 June 1925 – 30 September 2004) was a Dutch investigative journalist and author who did not hesitate to pro-actively intervene in international politics.
William Henry Beale Jr. (October 25, 1920 – April 6, 1962) was a US military and paramilitary aviator.
Wilopo (21 October 1908 – 1 June 1981) was the seventh Prime Minister of Indonesia.
The Wilopo Cabinet was an Indonesian cabinet that served from 1 April 1952 until 3 June 1953.
Wilson Watkins Wyatt (November 21, 1905 – June 11, 1996) served as Mayor of Louisville, Kentucky from 1941 to 1945 and as the 43rd Lieutenant Governor of Kentucky from 1959 to 1963.
Wirjono Prodjodikoro (15 June 1903 – April 1985) was the head justice of the Indonesian Supreme Court from 1952 to 1966.
Wisma Nusantara is an office highrise building located in Jalan M.H. Thamrin, Jakarta, Indonesia.
Xenophobia is the fear and distrust of that which is perceived to be foreign or strange.
Yogyakarta (also Jogja or Jogjakarta; ꦛꦔꦪꦺꦴꦒꦾꦏꦂꦠ; formerly Dutch: Djokjakarta/Djocjakarta or Djokja) is a city on the island of Java in Indonesia.
Commodore Yosaphat "Yos" Sudarso (24 November 1925 – 15 January 1962) was an Indonesian naval officer killed at the Battle of Arafura Sea.
Yos Sudarso Bay (Teluk Yos Sudarso), until 1968 known as Humboldt Bay, is a small bay on the north coast of New Guinea, about 50 kilometers west of the border between Indonesia's province of Papua and the country of Papua New Guinea.
Kiai Haji Zainul Arifin (born in Barus, Central Tapanuli, North Sumatera, 2 September 1909 - died in Jakarta, 2 March 1963 at the age of 53 years) was a politician Nahdlatul Ulama started out as (NU) youth leader since the colonial period Netherlands He had been active in youth organizations NU, GP Ansor and built up his careerfrom there as politician for NU to be the Speaker of the Parliament or DPRGR (1960 - 1963) before he died.
Zhang Zongyi (16 March 1924 - 31 January 2014), better known by his stage name Liu Ling Tong (六龄童; literally: "Six Year Old Child") and famously known as "Nan Hou Wang" (南猴王; literally: "Southern Monkey King"), was a Chinese Shaoxing Opera actor and artist best known for his role as the Monkey King (Sun Wukong) in Shaoxing Opera.
This year also marks the end of the Second World War, the deadliest conflict in human history.
Events in the year 1945 in Indonesia.
The PETA revolt in Blitar (Pemberontakan PETA di Blitar) was an anti-occupation revolt in present-day Indonesia, which took place on 14 February 1945 by the PETA daidan (battalion) in Blitar.
Events in the year 1946 in Indonesia.
Events in the year 1947 in Indonesia.
Events in the year 1948 in Indonesia.
Events in the year 1949 in Indonesia.
The 1950s (pronounced nineteen-fifties; commonly abbreviated as the 50s or Fifties) was a decade of the Gregorian calendar that began on January 1, 1950, and ended on December 31, 1959.
The 1960s (pronounced "nineteen-sixties") was a decade of the Gregorian calendar that began on 1 January 1960, and ended on 31 December 1969.
As MAD Magazine pointed out on its cover for the March 1961 issue, this was the first "upside-up" year — i.e., one in which the numerals that form the year look the same as when the numerals are rotated upside down, a strobogrammatic number — since 1881.
The 1962 Asian Games (Pesta Olahraga Asia 1962), were held from August 24, 1962 to September 4, 1962, in Jakarta, Indonesia.
The 1962 Asian Games, officially known as the Fourth Asian Games, was a multi-sport event held in Jakarta, Indonesia, from 24 August to 4 September 1962.
The 1964/1965 New York World's Fair held over 140 pavilions, 110 restaurants, for 80 nations (hosted by 37), 24 US states, and over 45 corporations to build exhibits or attractions at Flushing Meadows Park in Queens, NY.
1965 in Indonesia was the year of significant change between the Old Order of Sukarno, and the transition to the New Order of Suharto.
The 1975 Australian constitutional crisis, also known simply as the Dismissal, has been described as the greatest political and constitutional crisis in Australian history.
The 1997/1998 activists kidnapping were abductions of pro-democracy activists which happened between the 1997 Indonesian Legislative Election and the fall of Suharto in 1998.
The 27 July Incident was an attack by Indonesian government forces on the head office of the Indonesian Democratic Party, whch was being occupied by supporters of recently ousted party leader Megawati Sukarnoputri.
The 3 July Affair in 1946 was a political upheaval in the then newly formed Republic of Indonesia.
The Thirtieth of September Movement (Gerakan 30 September, abbreviated as G30S, also known by the acronym Gestapu for Gerakan September Tiga Puluh or sometimes called Gestok, for Gerakan Satu Oktober, First of October Movement) was a self-proclaimed organization of Indonesian National Armed Forces members who, in the early hours of 1 October 1965, assassinated six Indonesian Army generals in an abortive coup d'état.
Under the Whyte notation for the classification of locomotives, represents the wheel arrangement of four leading wheels, six powered and coupled driving wheels and four trailing wheels.