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Johnson, Wipperfürth, Wolf von Engelhardt, Wolfgang Steinitz, Wolmar Anton von Schlippenbach, Wolt, Wolter von Plettenberg, Women's Baltic Cup, World Cultural Council, World Orienteering Championships, World University Orienteering Championships, X-Panda, Yaroslav the Wise, Yekaterina Avdeyeva, Young Gardeners, Young Latvians, Yuri Lotman, Yuriy Sablin, Yuryev, Yuryev-Polsky (town), Zarya (opera), ZeroTurnaround, Zhala Piriyeva, Zofia Romer, 1030, 1051, 1061, 1134, 1192, 11th Rifle Corps, 1224, 122nd Guards Rifle Division, 1558, 1704, 1708, 1869, 1877 in rail transport, 1887 in rail transport, 1899 Russian student strike, 1918, 1919, 1920, 1924 Estonian coup d'état attempt, 1929 Estonian Football Championship, 1931 in rail transport, 1934 Estonian Football Championship, 1935 Estonian Football Championship, 1944, 1944 in the Soviet Union, 1997 in Estonian football, 1997–98 IIHF Continental Cup, 1998–99 St. Francis Terriers men's basketball team, 1oT, 1st Army Corps (Soviet Union), 1st Division (Estonia), 2+1 road, 2000–01 North European Basketball League, 2006 Meistriliiga, 2007–08 Estonian Cup, 2007–08 FIBA EuroCup Group A, 2008 Estonian Figure Skating Championships, 2008 Meistriliiga, 2008–09 Estonian Cup, 2008–09 KML season, 2009 Estonian Figure Skating Championships, 2009 Meistriliiga, 2009–10 Estonian Cup, 2009–10 KML season, 2010 Meistriliiga, 2010–11 KML season, 2011 Cofidis season, 2011 in Estonian football, 2011 Meistriliiga, 2011–12 in Croatian football, 2011–12 KML season, 2012 Baltic Cup, 2012 Esiliiga, 2012 Meistriliiga, 2012–13 KML season, 2013 Esiliiga, 2013 FIG Rhythmic Gymnastics World Cup Series, 2013 in gymnastics, 2013 Meistriliiga, 2013 Naiste Meistriliiga, 2013 UEFA European Under-21 Championship qualification Group 5, 2013–14 EuroChallenge Quarterfinals, 2013–14 KML season, 2013–14 Ole Miss Rebels men's basketball team, 2014 CCC Polsat Polkowice season, 2014 Esiliiga B, 2014 ITF Men's Circuit (October–December), 2014 KML Playoffs, 2014 Meistriliiga, 2014 Naiste Meistriliiga, 2014 Rally Estonia, 2014 Women's Junior European Volleyball Championship, 2014–15 Baltic Basketball League, 2014–15 EuroChallenge Group B, 2014–15 KML season, 2014–15 Meistriliiga (ice hockey) season, 2014–15 Ole Miss Rebels men's basketball team, 2014–15 Texas–Pan American Broncs men's basketball team, 2014–15 UEFA Europa League qualifying phase and play-off round, 2015 Esiliiga, 2015 Esiliiga B, 2015 European Road Championships, 2015 European Road Championships – Women's under-23 road race, 2015 European Road Championships – Women's under-23 time trial, 2015 in cycling, 2015 in triathlon, 2015 ITF Men's Circuit (October–December), 2015 KML Playoffs, 2015 Meistriliiga, 2015 Naiste Meistriliiga, 2015–16 Baltic Basketball League, 2015–16 Baltic Men Volleyball League, 2015–16 Estonian Cup, 2015–16 in Croatian football, 2015–16 KML season, 2015–16 Texas–Rio Grande Valley Vaqueros men's basketball team, 2016 Esiliiga, 2016 Esiliiga B, 2016 European Aesthetic Gymnastics Championships, 2016 ITF Men's Circuit (October–December), 2016 KML Playoffs, 2016 Meistriliiga, 2016–17 Baltic Basketball League, 2016–17 Estonian Cup, 2016–17 KML season, 2017 Esiliiga, 2017 Esiliiga B, 2017 Estonian Small Cup, 2017 in sports, 2017 ITF Men's Circuit (October–December), 2017 KML Playoffs, 2017 Meistriliiga, 2017 Naiste Meistriliiga, 2017 UEFA European Under-21 Championship qualification Group 6, 2017 World Orienteering Championships, 2017–18 Baltic Basketball League, 2017–18 Baltic Men Volleyball League, 2017–18 EML season, 2017–18 KML season, 2017–18 Rugby Europe International Championships, 2018 Esiliiga, 2018 Esiliiga B, 2018 in sports, 2018 in triathlon, 2018 KML Playoffs, 2018 Meistriliiga, 20th Waffen Grenadier Division of the SS (1st Estonian), 249th Rifle Division (Soviet Union), 282nd Rifle Division, 2nd Division (Estonia), 2nd Infantry Brigade (Estonia), 326th Heavy Bomber Aviation Division, 326th Rifle Division (Soviet Union), 467th Guards District Training Centre, 64th Guards Rifle Division, 67th Army (Soviet Union), 86th Rifle Division (Soviet Union). 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Aarne Nirk (born 8 May 1987 in Tartu) is an Estonian hurdler.
Adam Olearius (born Adam Ölschläger or Oehlschlaeger, September 24, 1599February 22, 1671), was a German scholar, mathematician, geographer and librarian.
Erich Carl Hugo Adamson (18 August 1902 – 2 December 1968), more commonly known as Adamson-Eric, was an Estonian artist who worked mainly within the medium of painting in applied art.
Adeele Sepp (born 10 November 1989) is an Estonian stage, film, and television actress.
Ado Vabbe (1892-1961) was an Estonian painter, graphics artist, and teacher.
Carl Gustav Adolf von Harnack (7 May 1851 – 10 June 1930) was a German Lutheran theologian and prominent church historian.
Adolph Wagner (25 March 1835 – 8 November 1917) was a German economist and politician, a leading Kathedersozialist (academic socialist) and public finance scholar and advocate of agrarianism.
Aegviidu (Estonian for "Timespend") is a borough (alev) in Anija Parish, in Harju County.
Founded in 1923, Aeroflot, the flag carrier and largest airline of the Russian Federation (and formerly the world's largest), has had a high number of fatal crashes, almost all occurring during the Soviet era.
Aesthetic Group Gymnastics (AGG) is a discipline of gymnastics developed from Finnish "Women's Gymnastics" (naisvoimistelu).
Ageeda Paavel (sometimes cited as Ageeda-Andrea Paavel) (born 15 August 1930) is an Estonian woman who, as a schoolgirl, on the night of 8 May 1946, together with her school friend Aili Jürgenson, blew up a Soviet war monument (a wooden memorial topped with a star): the preceding monument to the Bronze Soldier in Tallinn.
Science Centre AHHAA is the biggest science centre in Estonia and the Baltic states, located in Tartu.
Aiga Grabuste (born 24 March 1988, in Rēzekne) is a Latvian track and field athlete competing in heptathlon.
Aili Jõgi (née Aili Jürgenson, born 25 May 1931 in Tallinn) is an Estonian schoolgirl who on the night of 8 May 1946, together with her school friend Ageeda Paavel, blew up a Soviet War reburial monument (a wooden memorial topped with a star): the preceding monument to the Bronze Soldier in Tallinn.
Ain Kaalep (born 4 June 1926 in Tartu) is an Estonian poet, playwright, literary critic and translator.
Ain Mäeots (born 25 December 1971) is an Estonian stage, film, and television actor and stage, film, and television director and producer.
Aino Krohn Kallas (2 August 1878 – 9 November 1956) was a Finnish-Estonian author.
Aino Seep (25 February 1925 – 8 July 1982) was an Estonian opera and operetta soprano and stage and film actress.
Aino Talvi (6 February 1909 – 12 March 1992) was an Estonian stage, film, and radio actress and singer whose career spanned over sixty years.
Aksella Hildegard Luts (10 October 1905 - 8 January 2005) (in Estonian) was an Estonian actress, screenwriter, dancer and choreographer.
Alam-Pedja Nature Reserve (Alam-Pedja looduskaitseala) is the largest nature reserve in Estonia.
Alar Kotli (27 August 1904 in Väike-Maarja - 4 October 1963 in Tallinn) was an Estonian architect.
Alatskivi Castle (Alatskivi loss, Schloss Allatzkiwwi) is a Neo-Gothic castle in Alatskivi, Estonia.
The Albert Einstein World Award for Science is an annual award given by the World Cultural Council "as a means of recognition and encouragement for scientific and technological research and development", with special consideration for researches which "have brought true benefit and well being to mankind".
Albert I, Duke of Mecklenburg-Stargard (before 1377 – between 11 February and 15 July 1397) was Duke of Mecklenburg-Stargard from 1392 until his death and also Coadjutor of the Bishopric of Dorpat.
Albert Prosa (born 1 October 1990) is an Estonian professional footballer who plays as a forward for Maltese Premier League club Valletta and the Estonia national team.
Albert von Le Coq (8 September 1860 – 21 April 1930) was a German brewery owner and wine merchant, who at the age of 40 began to study archaeology.
Alberts Kviesis (22 December 1881 in Tērvete Parish – 9 August 1944 in Riga) was a Latvian politician and the third President of Latvia.
Alek Rapoport (November 24, 1933, Kharkiv, Ukraine SSR – February 4, 1997, San Francisco) was a Russian Nonconformist artist, art theorist and teacher.
Aleksander Hellat (in Tartu – 28 November 1943 in Kemerovo Oblast) was an Estonian politician and a former Minister of Foreign Affairs of Estonia.
Aleksander Mitt (8 February 1903 in Tartu, Estonia – 18 April 1942, Kirov, Russia) was an Estonian speed skater who competed at the 1928 and 1936 Winter Olympics.
Aleksander Promet (10 November 1879 in Narva – 18 September 1938 in Tallinn) was an Estonian painter and graphic artist.
Aleksander Tammert (born 2 February 1973 in Tartu) is an Estonian discus thrower.
Aleksander Tõnisson VR I/1 (April 17, 1875 – June 30, 1941) was an Estonian military commander (Major General) during the Estonian War of Independence.
Aleksandr Dmitrievich Dulichenko (alternatively Alexander Duličenko; Александр Дмитриевич Дуличенко) (born 1941) is a Russian-Estonian Esperantist, linguist, and an expert in Slavic microlanguages currently living in Estonia.
Aleksandr Iosifovich Popov (Александр Иосифович Попов; 7 June 1913 in Dorpat, Governorate of Livonia, Russian Empire – 23 April 1993 in Moscow, Russia) was a Soviet permafrost researcher at the Moscow State University.
Aleksandrs Grīns (1895–1941) was a Latvian writer, translator and army officer.
Aleksei Tammiste (born July 29, 1946) is a retired Estonian professional basketball player, who competed for the Soviet Union.
Aleksey Fyodorovich Adashev (Адашев, Алексей Фёдорович, died 1561) was a Russian statesman, okolnichy,, voivode of Livonia.
Prince Aleksey Nikitich Trubetskoy (Алексей Никитич Трубецкой; 17 March 1600? – 1680) was the last voivode of the Trubetskoy family and a diplomat who was active in negotiations with Poland and Sweden in 1647 and with the ambassadors of Bohdan Khmelnytsky in 1654.
Alexander Bogen (אלכסנדר בוגן; born January 24, 1916 – October 20, 2010) was a Polish-Israeli artist, painter, sculptor, stage designer, book illustrator and a commander partisan during World War II.
Alexander Vasilyevich Cherepkov (Александр Васильевич Черепков, 30 October 1920 – 12 July 2009) was a Soviet and Russian International Master of chess.
Alexander Friedrich von Hueck (1802–1842) was a Baltic-German professor of anatomy at the University of Tartu, and a notable estophile.
Alexander Heubel or Aleksandrs Heibels (9 April 1813 – 22 January 1847) was a Latvian romantic painter.
Alexander Markovich Konstantinopolsky (Александр Маркович Константинопольский; 19 February 1910, Zhytomir, Russian Empire, now Ukraine – 21 September 1990, Moscow, USSR) was a Soviet International Master (IM) of chess, chess coach and trainer, and a chess author.
Count Alexander Grigorovich Kushelov-Bezborodko (Russian: Александр Григорьевич Кушелёв-Безбородко; 4 September 1800, St Petersburg - 6 April 1855, Moscow) was a Russian nobleman and politician.
Alexander Filippovich Postels (Александр Филиппович Постельс; 24 August 1801 Dorpat – 26 June 1871 Vyborg), was a Baltic German of Russian citizenship naturalist, mineralogist and artist.
Alexander Rudolf Karl von Uexküll (6 June 1829 – 9 December 1891), Baron von Uexküll, was a Baltic German politician who was the mayor of Reval (now Tallinn) from April 1878 to June 1883.
Hermann Adolf Alexander Schmidt (1831 – 22 April 1894) was a Baltic German physiologist from what was then the Governorate of Livonia in the Russian Empire.
Alexander Fyodorovich Voeykov (Алекса′ндр Фё′дорович Вое′йков, September 10 (August 30, o.s) 1779, Moscow, Russian Empire - July 28 (16) 1839, Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire) was a Russian poet, translator, literary historian and journalist, best known for his satirical poems of 1814-1820.
Alexander von Bunge (9 November 1851, in Dorpat – 19 January 1930, in Tallinn) was a Baltic-German physician, zoologist and Arctic explorer in the employ of Russia.
Alexander von Oettingen (–) was a Baltic German Lutheran theologian and statistician.
Alexander Gustav von Schrenk (4 February 1816 – 25 June 1876) was a Baltic German naturalist born near Tula in what was then the Russian Empire.
Baron Alexander Staël von Holstein (January 1, 1877, in Testama manor, Governorate of Livonia (Russian Empire)March 16, 1937, in Peiping, Republic of China); was a German-baltic aristocrat, Russian and Estonian orientalist, sinologist, sanskritologist, specializing in Buddhist texts.
Baron Alexander von Stieglitz (Александр Людвигович Штиглиц) (1814–1884) was a Russian financier.
Alexei Nikolayevich Mishin (Алексе́й Никола́евич Ми́шин; born 8 March 1941) is a Russian figure skating coach and former pair skater.
Aleksey Mikhailovich (p; –) was the tsar of Russia from 12 July 1645 until his death, 29 January 1676.
Alfrēds Bruno Jānis Kalniņš (23 August 1879 in Cēsis, Governorate of Livonia – 23 December 1951 in Riga, Latvian SSR) was a Latvian composer, organist, pedagogue, music critic and conductor; the founder of national Latvian opera.
Alfred Karindi (30 May 1901 - 13 April 1969) was an Estonian organist and composer.
All My Lenins (Minu Leninid, Все мои Ленины), 1997, is a historical comedy film by Hardi Volmer.
The All-National Congress of the Chechen People (NCChP) of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria came to power on 1 November 1991 under president Dzhokhar Dudayev, a former commander of the Soviet air force base in Tartu, Estonia.
Allan Martinson (Аллан Карлович Мартинсон) (born 1966) is an Estonian technology entrepreneur and investor.
Allan Vainola (born 11 March 1965 as Allan Annus in Tartu), also known as Al Vainola, is an Estonian singer, guitarist and composer.
Allar Jõks (born 18 March 1965) is an Estonian lawyer and the former Chancellor of Justice.
Alo Jakin (born November 14, 1986) is an Estonian cyclist riding for the French team.
Alo TV is a local interactive television channel in Tartu, Estonia.
Hugo Alvar Henrik Aalto (3 February 1898 – 11 May 1976) was a Finnish architect and designer.
Ana Luiza Filiorianu (born July 10, 1999 in Bucharest, Romania) is a Romanian individual rhythmic gymnast.
Anatoli Krikun (born March 24, 1948) is a retired Estonian professional basketball player, who competed for the Soviet Union.
Ancient Estonia refers to a period covering History of Estonia from the middle of the 8th millennium BC until the conquest and subjugation of the local Finnic tribes in the first quarter of the 13th century during the Danish Northern Crusades.
Andero Ermel (born 6 August 1976) is an Estonian stage, film, television, and voice actor.
Andreas Ascharin (Андрей Александрович Ашарин, Andrey Aleksandrovich Asharin; in Pärnu – in Riga) was a Baltic German-Russian chess master.
Andreas Hougaard Boesen (born 1991) is an international Danish orienteer.
Andrei Nikolaevich Mironov (Андре́й Никола́евич Миро́нов, 31 March 1954, Irkutsk – 24 May 2014, Slovyansk), one of the last soviet political prisoners, was a human rights activist, reporter, fixer, interpreter.
Andres Alver (born 23 December 1953) is an Estonian architect.
Andres Oper (born 7 November 1977) is an Estonian football coach and former professional player.
Knyaz Andrey Mikhailovich Kurbsky (Андрей Михайлович Курбский; 1528–1583) was an intimate friend and then a leading political opponent of the Russian tsar Ivan the Terrible.
Andrievs Niedra (archaic spelling: Andreews Needra; born 8 February 1871 in Tirza parish, Russian Empire – 25 September 1942 in Riga, Reichskommissariat Ostland) was a Latvian writer, Lutheran pastor and the Prime Minister of the German puppet government in Latvia between April and June 1919, during the Latvian War of Independence.
Andrine Benjaminsen (born 23 August 1995) is a Norwegian orienteer and ski orienteer.
Andrus Ansip (born 1 October 1956) is an Estonian politician, the current European Commissioner for Digital Single Market and Vice President of the European Commission, in office since 2014.
Andrus Johani (1 Setpember 1906 – 18 August 1941) was a painter from Estonia.
Ann Marvet (born 21 April 1939, in Tartu) is an Estonian botanist.
Ann Tenno (née Ann Epler), (born 4 December 1952, in Tartu) is an Estonian photographer and photo artist.
Anna Eller (born Anna Josefina Sofia Maria Fenrich, married Kremer, remarried Eller), born on December 24, 1887 in Hosszúpereszteg, Austria-Hungary and executed by German occupational forces in 1942 in Osiek Grodkowski, Poland, was an Estonian pianist.
Anna Iljuštšenko (born 12 October 1985 in Sillamäe) is an Estonian high jumper.
Anna-Liisa Põld (born August 24, 1990) is an Estonian-born American competition swimmer who has represented Estonia in international events.
Anne Nature Reserve is a nature reserve situated in the city of Tartu, Estonia.
Anne Sulling (born 12 October 1976 in Tartu) is an Estonian politician and a member of Riigikogu.
Annelinn (Estonian for "Anne Town") is a neighbourhood of Tartu, Estonia, located on the left bank of Emajõgi River.
Annely Ojastu (born 10 August 1960 in Tartu) is an Estonian Paralympic athlete.
Antanas Purėnas (16 February 1881 - 5 November 1962) was a famous Lithuanian organic chemist and politician.
Anton Hansen Tammsaare (also known as A. H. Tammsaare; born Anton Hansen 30 January 1878 – 1 March 1940), was an Estonian writer whose pentalogy Truth and Justice (Tõde ja õigus; 1926–1933) is considered one of the major works of Estonian literature and "The Estonian Novel".
Anton Lembit Soans (September 17, 1885 Oranienbaum, Russia – November 26, 1966 Tallinn, Estonia) was an Estonian architect, urban planner and lecturer.
Anton Palvadre (25 March 1886 – 16 January 1942) was an Estonian lawyer.
Ants Laaneots (born 16 January 1948) is an Estonian politician and former military officer.
Ants Laikmaa (5 May 1866 in Paiba farm, Araste village, Märjamaa Parish – 19 November 1942 in Kadarpiku village, Taebla Parish) was an Estonian painter.
Ants Mellik (1 June 1926 Tartu – 26 September 2005) was an Estonian architect.
This article covers the architecture of Estonia.
Ardo Ran Varres (born 19 March 1974 in Tallinn) is an Estonian composer and actor.
The Armed Forces of Armenia (Հայաստանի Հանրապետության զինված ուժեր) comprise two services: the Army, and the Air Force and Air Defense (a unified branch).
Armin Aleksander Öpik (24 June 1898, Kunda – 15 January 1983, Canberra) was an Estonian paleontologist who spent the second half of his career (from 1948) at the Bureau of Mineral Resources in Australia.
Jakob Ernst Arthur Böttcher (July 13, 1831 – August 10, 1889) was a Baltic German pathologist and anatomist who was a native of Bauska, in what was then the Courland Governorate (present-day Latvia).
Arthur Brückner (24 August 1877, in Dorpat – 29 March 1975, in Basel) was a German-Swiss ophthalmologist, known for his research in sensory physiology and his studies involving the cytology of the eye.
Arthur Võõbus (– 25 September 1988) was an Estonian theologian, orientalist, and church historian.
Arthur Joachim von Oettingen (28 March 1836 – 5 September 1920) was a Baltic German physicist and music theorist who was born at the Luua Manor (Ludenhof), Tartu County, Livonia.
Artillery Battalion (Suurtükiväepataljon) of the 2nd Infantry Brigade is a reserve artillery battalion of the Estonian Defence Forces.
Artur Adson (– 5 January 1977) was an Estonian poet, writer and theatre critic.
Artur Alliksaar (15 April 1923 in Tartu – 12 August 1966 in Tartu) was an Estonian poet.
Artur Amon (17 February 1916 – August 1944) was an Estonian basketball player.
Artur Andreyevich Gachinski (Артур Андреевич Гачинский; born 13 August 1993) is a Russian figure skater.
Artur Pikk (born 5 March 1993) is an Estonian professional footballer who plays as a left back for Slovak Super Liga club Ružomberok and the Estonia national team.
Arvīds Brēdermanis (10 October 1900 – 22 February 1970) was an official of the foreign service of Latvia between the World Wars, and was also a founder of the Latvian Scouting movement.
Arved Carl Ludwig von Schultz (14 November 1883 at Good Rinkuln in Talsen, now Latvia – 13 December 1967 in Hilden at Düsseldorf) was a German geographer.
Arvid Stålarm, actually Arvid Eriksson (Stålarm) till Lindö i Tenala (c. 1540 or 1549 – May 1620, Gripsholm Castle) was a Swedish noble and soldier from the Finland-based Stålarm family.
Asko Paade (born June 9, 1984) is an Estonian basketball player who currently plays for Estonian basketball team Tartu Ülikool, power forward position.
Asper Biogene is a genetic testing company, based in Tartu, Estonia, established in 1999.
The Association of Internet Researchers (AoIR) is a learned society dedicated to the advancement of the transdisciplinary field of Internet studies.
Astuvere is a village in Elva Parish, Valga County in southeastern Estonia.
Athanasius Schneider, O.R.C. (born Anton Schneider on 7 April 1961) is a Kazakhstani Catholic bishop.
Atis Kronvalds or Kronvaldu Atis (15 April 1837 – 17 February 1875) was a Latvian writer, linguist and pedagogue, as well as a prominent member of the Young Latvia movement.
Atra is a village in Elva Parish, Valga County in southeastern Estonia.
August Eller (1907, Viljandi – 1990, Haapsalu) was an Estonian chess player, who won the Estonian Chess Championship.
August Gailit (9 January 1891 – 5 November 1960) was an Estonian writer of Estonian and Latvian origin.
August Kitzberg (in Laatre Parish, Governorate of Livonia, Russian Empire – 10 October 1927 in Tartu) was an Estonian writer.
August Kork (also Аугуст Яанович Корк; 11 June 1937) was an Estonian Red Army commander (Komandarm 2nd rank) who was tried and executed during the Great Purge in 1937.
August Matthias Hagen (23 February 1794, near Valka, Latvia - 2 December 1878, Tartu, Estonia) was a Baltic German painter and graphic artist.
August Rauber (March 9, 1841 – February 16, 1917) was a German anatomist and embryologist born in Obermoschel in the Rhineland-Palatinate.
August Rei VR III/1 (– 29 March 1963) was an Estonian Social Democratic politician.
August Sabbe (1 September 1909 – 27 or 28 September 1978) was one of the last surviving Estonian members of the Forest Brothers, a group of citizens of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania who resisted and fought against the Soviet occupation of their three nations.
August Vaga (March 15, 1893 in Kehra – December 11, 1960 in Tartu) was an Estonian botanist.
An automated fare collection (AFC) system is the collection of components that automate the ticketing system of a public transportation network - an automated version of manual fare collection.
Ave Alavainu (born 4 October 1942 in Tartu) is an Estonian poet.
Avi Benjamin (אבי בנימין; Ави Беньямин; born March 3, 1959) is an Estonian, Russian, and Israeli composer and performer, musical director of the Israeli Gesher Theater since its foundation in 1991.
Ernst Louis Étienne Laspeyres (28 November 1834 – 4 August 1913) was a German economist.
Õru is a small borough (alevik) in Valga County, southern Estonia.
Õruste is a village in Õru Parish, Valga County, in southern Estonia.
Õssu is a village in Kambja Parish, Tartu County, Estonia.
Ülar Mark (born 12 February 1968) is an Estonian architect.
Ülejõe (Estonian for "Across the River") refers to several places in Estonia.
Ülejõe (Estonian for "Across the River") is a neighbourhood of Tartu, Estonia.
Ülenurme is a small borough (alevik) in Tartu County, in Kambja Parish, in Estonia.
Ülenurme Parish (Ülenurme vald) was a rural municipality in Tartu County, Estonia and was directly south of Tartu.
The Ülikooli Street (Ülikooli tänav, University Street) is a street in the center of Tartu in Estonia.
Ülle Kukk (born 18 November 1937 in Tartu) is an Estonian botanist and conservationist.
Baar was the Estonian version of the reality television series The Bar.
The Balint Balassi Memorial Sword Award is a European award for literature presented in Budapest since 1997.
Baltic Station (Balti jaam) is the main railway station in Tallinn, Estonia.
Baltic Basketball League (BBL) is the Baltic states basketball league founded in 2004.
The Baltic Chemistry Olympiad or BChO is an annual academic competition for school students from the Baltic states (Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania), where students are to solve theoretical and practical problems from different branches of chemistry.
The first Baltic Chess Congress took place in Riga, Latvia (then Russian Empire), in 1899.
The Baltic Cup (Balti turniir, Baltijas kauss, Baltijos taurė) is an international football competition contested by the national teams of the Baltic states – Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.
The Baltic Defence College (official acronym BALTDEFCOL) is a multinational military college, established by the three Baltic states (Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania) in 1999.
The Baltic Germans (Deutsch-Balten or Deutschbalten, later Baltendeutsche) are ethnic German inhabitants of the eastern shores of the Baltic Sea, in what today are Estonia and Latvia.
Baltic maritime trade began in the late Middle Ages and would continue to develop into the early modern era.
The Baltic Operation, also known as the Defensive operation in Lithuania and Latvia encompassed the operations of the Red Army from 22 June to 9 July 1941 conducted over the territories of the occupied Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia in response to an offensive launched by the German army.
Baltic Robinson: 2002, was the third version of Expedition Robinson, or Survivor to air in the Baltic region of Europe.
The Baltic states housing bubble is an economic bubble involving major cities in Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.
The Baltic States Swimming Championships is an annual swimming competition between best swimmers from Baltic states: Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia.
Originally, the three Baltic states participated, but the list of invitees has since grown to include all countries around the Baltic Sea; Germany sends a team representing only its northernmost parts, and Russia a team from St. Petersburg.
A banknote (often known as a bill, paper money, or simply a note) is a type of negotiable promissory note, made by a bank, payable to the bearer on demand.
Barclay Square (Barclay plats) is a public square and park in the city of Tartu, Estonia, adjacent to the Ülikooli street.
Barrie Thomas Rutter OBE (born 12 December 1946) is an English actor and the founder and artistic director of the Northern Broadsides theatre company based in Halifax, West Yorkshire, England.
This is a sub-article to Battle of Narva. The Battle of Narva Bridgehead (Estonian: Narva lahingud; German: Schlacht um den Brückenkopf von Narva; Russian: Битва за плацдарм Нарва; 2 February – 26 July 1944) was the campaign that stalled the Soviet Estonian Operation in the surroundings of the town of Narva for six months.
Battle of Hummelshof took place on July 19, 1702 (O.S.) near the small town Hummelshof in Swedish Livonia (present-day Estonia).
The Battle of Lesnaya (Битва при Лесной Bitva pri Lesnoy, Slaget vid Lesna, Bitwa pod Leśną), was one of the major battles of the Great Northern War.
The Battle of Narva (Битва при Нарве; Slaget vid Narva) on (20 November in the Swedish transitional calendar) was an early battle in the Great Northern War.
The Battle of Narva was a military campaign between the German Army Detachment "Narwa" and the Soviet Leningrad Front fought for possession of the strategically important Narva Isthmus on 2 February – 10 August 1944 during World War II.
The Battle of Paju (Paju lahing) was fought in Paju, near Valga, Estonia, on 31 January 1919 during the Estonian War of Independence.
Battle of Tartu can refer to one of the following campaigns during World War II in the city of Tartu and along the Suur Emajõgi river.
The Battle of the Siritsa River (also Seritsa) took place on 27 August 1501 between the forces of the Livonian Order under Grand Master Wolter von Plettenberg on the one side and the forces of the Grand Duchy of Moscow and Pskov Republic on the other.
On 29 January 1223, during a church service, the Sackalians attacked the Germans inside the stronghold of Viljandi.
The Battle of Wesenberg, Rakvere or Rakovor was a battle fought on February 18, 1268, between the combined forces of Danish Duchy of Estonia, Bishopric of Dorpat, Livonian branch of the Teutonic Knights and local Estonian militia on one side and the forces of Novgorod and Pskov, led by Dmitry of Pereslavl, on the other.
The Battle on the Ice (Ледовое побоище, Ledovoye poboish'ye); Schlacht auf dem Eise; Jäälahing; Schlacht auf dem Peipussee) was fought between the Republic of Novgorod led by prince Alexander Nevsky and the crusader army led by the Livonian branch of the Teutonic Knights on April 5, 1242, at Lake Peipus. The battle is notable for having been fought largely on the frozen lake, and this gave the battle its name. The battle was a significant defeat sustained by the crusaders during the Northern Crusades, which were directed against pagans and Eastern Orthodox Christians rather than Muslims in the Holy Land. The Crusaders' defeat in the battle marked the end of their campaigns against the Orthodox Novgorod Republic and other Slavic territories for the next century. The event was glorified in Sergei Eisenstein's historical drama film Alexander Nevsky, released in 1938, which created a popular image of the battle often mistaken for the real events. Sergei Prokofiev turned his score for the film into a concert cantata of the same title, with "The Battle on the Ice" being its longest movement.
The Battles of Wenden were a series of battles for control of the stronghold of Wenden (Cēsis, Kiesia, Võnnu), in present-day Latvia, fought during the Livonian War in 1577 and 1578.
Bærum is a municipality in Akershus County, Norway.
BC Tartu, commonly known as University of Tartu (Tartu Ülikool), is a professional basketball club based in Tartu, Estonia.
Benedykt Tadeusz Dybowski (12 May 183331 January 1930) was a Polish naturalist and physician.
Bengt Gottfried Forselius (ca 1660, Harju-Madise, Harju County, Swedish Estonia – November 16, 1688, Baltic Sea) was a founder of public education in Estonia, author of the first ABC-book in the Estonian language, and creator of a spelling system which made the teaching and learning of Estonian easier.
Bengt Skytte (1614–1683) was a Swedish courtier and diplomat.
Bernard Kangro (18 September 1910, Oe, Governorate of Livonia, Russian Empire — 25 March 25, 1994, Lund, Sweden) was an Estonian writer and poet.
Bernd Hüttemann (born December 8, 1970 in Paderborn) is Vice President of the European Movement International and Secretary General of the European Movement Germany.
Bernhard Naunyn (2 September 1839 – 26 July 1925) was German pathologist born in Berlin.
Elisabet "Betti" Alver (in Jõgeva – 19 June 1989 in Tartu) (from the year 1937 Elisabet Talvik, and from the year 1956 Elisabet Lepik), was one of Estonia's most notable poets.
Birger Nerman (6 October 1888 – 22 August 1971) was a Swedish archaeologist, professor, and author.
The Bishopric of Dorpat (Tartu piiskopkond; Bisdom Dorpat; Ecclesia Tarbatensis) was a medieval prince-bishopric, i;e; both a diocese of the Roman Catholic Church and a temporal principality ruled by the bishop of the diocese.
Boris Grinsson (1907, Pskov, Russia – 1999) was an artist famous for drawing the designs for over 2000 French film posters.
Boris Petrovich Sheremetev (Бори́с Петро́вич Шереме́тев; –) was a Russian diplomat and general field marshal during the Great Northern War.
Boris Vildé (25 June Old Style/8 July 1908 – 23 February 1942) was a linguist and ethnographer at the Musée de l'Homme, in Paris, France.
The Bosnia and Herzegovina women's national football team represents Bosnia and Herzegovina in international football and is controlled by the Football Association of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Bronisław Wojciech Linke, (23 April 1906, Tartu, Estonia – 6 October 1962, Warsaw, Poland), was a painter and graphic artist noted for his metaphorical realism in his depiction of human destructiveness.
The Brotherhood of Blackheads (Mustpeade vennaskond; Bruderschaft der Schwarzhäupter; Melngalvju brālības) is an association of local unmarried merchants, ship owners, and foreigners that was active in Livonia (present-day Estonia and Latvia) from the mid-14th century till 1940 but still remains active in present day Hamburg.
Bruno Junk (27 September 1929 – 22 September 1995) was an Estonian race walker.
Bruno O'Ya (February 12, 1933 – October 9, 2002) was an Estonian-Polish actor.
The Bureau of Censorship (Цензурный комитет) was a bureau set up in the Ministry of Education of the Russian Empire following the passage of an enabling law on July 9, 1804.
Count Burkhard Christoph von Münnich (9 May 1683 – 16 October 1767) (Христофо́р Анто́нович Миних) was a German soldier-engineer who became a field marshal and political figure in the Russian Empire.
A capital city (or simply capital) is the municipality exercising primary status in a country, state, province, or other administrative region, usually as its seat of government.
Carl Christian Vogel von Vogelstein (26 June 1788, Wildenfels, Kursachsen – 4 March 1868, Munich), born Vogel, was a German painter.
Carl Erdmann (17 November 1898 – 5 March 1945) was a German historian who specialized in medieval political and intellectual history.
Carl Geibel (né Carl Stephan Franz; 19 May 1842 - 5 June 1910) was a Hungarian-born German book dealer and publisher.
Count Carl Gustaf Mannerheim (August 10, 1797 in Askainen, Finland – October 9, 1854 in Stockholm, Sweden) was a Finnish entomologist and governor of the Viipuri province in the Grand Duchy of Finland.
Carl Gustav Axel von Harnack (7 May 1851, Tartu – 3 April 1888, Dresden) was a German mathematician who contributed to potential theory.
Carl Wilhelm Hiekisch (–) was a Baltic German geographer.
Carl Robert Jakobson (–) was an Estonian writer, politician and teacher active in Governorate of Livonia, Russian Empire.
Carl Ernst Heinrich Schmidt (13 June 1822 – 27 February 1894), also known in Russia as Karl Genrikhovich Schmidt (Карл Ге́нрихович Шмидт) was a Baltic German chemist from the Governorate of Livonia, a part of the Russian Empire.
Castellans of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth were the lower rank officials who could sit in the Senate of Poland.
The Catholic Church in Estonia is the national branch of the worldwide Catholic Church, under the spiritual leadership of the Pope in Rome.
Cezaria Jędrzejewiczowa or, Cezaria Anna Baudouin de Courtenay Ehrenkreutz-Jędrzejewiczowa (1885 – 1967) was a Polish scientist, art historian and anthropologist.
The Chalk Farm Band is brass band of the Salvation Army located at the Salvation Army Centre in Haverstock Hill, Chalk Farm, London, England.
Checheno-Estonian relations (or otherwise Estonian-Chechen relations, or Esto-Ichkerian relations) are the relations between the Estonian people and the Chechen people.
Christmas Peace (joulurauha, julfrid) is a tradition based on old Scandinavian legislation created by Birger Jarl in the 13th century, extending the tradition of the Truce of God.
Chud or Chude (чудь, in Finnic languages: tshuudi, tšuudi, čuđit) is a term historically applied in the early Russian annals to several Finnic peoples in the area of what is now Estonia, Karelia and Northwestern Russia.
UNESCO's City of Literature programme is part of a wider Creative Cities Network which was launched in 2004 and is currently made up of 180 UNESCO Creative Cities globally.
A closed city or closed town is a settlement where travel or residency restrictions are applied so that specific authorization is required to visit or remain overnight.
Compressed natural gas (CNG) (methane stored at high pressure) is a fuel which can be used in place of gasoline (petrol), Diesel fuel and propane/LPG.
The Conservative People's Party of Estonia (Eesti Konservatiivne Rahvaerakond, EKRE) is a national conservative political party in Estonia.
The creation and granting of counties and baronies in Finland began with the coronation of King Eric XIV in 1561 and continued through Great Reductions in the latter half of the 17th century.
Counties (maakond, plural maakonnad) are the first-level administrative subdivisions of Estonia.
Courland, or Kurzeme (in Latvian; Kurāmō; German and Kurland; Curonia/Couronia; Курляндия; Kuršas; Kurlandia), is one of the historical and cultural regions in western Latvia.
Google Street View was first introduced in the United States on May 25, 2007, and until November 26, 2008, featured camera icon markers, each representing at least one major city or area (such as a park), and usually the other nearby cities, towns, suburbs, and parks.
The culture of Estonia combines an indigenous heritage, represented by the country's Finnic national language Estonian, with Nordic cultural aspects.
Dagmar Normet (born and until 1940 Dagmar Rubinstein; from 1940–1945 Dagmar Randa; February 13, 1921 Tallinn – October 16, 2008 Tallinn) was an Estonian literary author and translator.
Bilingual town sign of Flensburg, Germany Danish language exonyms for non-Danish speaking locations exist, primarily in Europe, but many of these are no longer commonly used, with a few notable exceptions.
Danish-Baltic Auxiliary Corps (DBAC) was a Danish company of military volunteers, established 1919 as a non-governmental initiative to help in the Estonian and Latvian war of independence.
Dementia praecox (a "premature dementia" or "precocious madness") is a disused psychiatric diagnosis that originally designated a chronic, deteriorating psychotic disorder characterized by rapid cognitive disintegration, usually beginning in the late teens or early adulthood.
The demographics of Estonia in the twenty-first century result from historical trends over more than a thousand years, as with most European countries, but have been disproportionately influenced by events in the last half of the twentieth century.
Detachment Kuhlmey (Gefechtsverband Kuhlmey) was a temporary unit of Nazi Germany's Luftwaffe during World War II.
Deventer is a city and municipality in the Salland region of the province of Overijssel, Netherlands.
Devil's Bridge is a term applied to dozens of ancient bridges, found primarily in Europe.
Dimitri Kirsanoff (Дими́трий Кирса́нов) (6 March 1899 – 11 February 1957) was an early filmmaker, considered part of the French Impressionist movement in film.
Dimitrij Andrusov (November 7, 1897 – April 1, 1976) was a Slovak geologist of Russian origin, member of the Slovak Academy of Sciences.
The dissolution of the Soviet Union occurred on December 26, 1991, officially granting self-governing independence to the Republics of the Soviet Union.
Dorpat is the old name of Tartu, the second largest city in Estonia.
The Dorpat Voivodeship (Województwo dorpackie or województwo derpskie) was a unit of administrative division and local government in the Duchy of Livonia, part of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, from 1598 until the Swedish conquest of Livonia in the 1620s.
"Drei Chinesen mit dem Kontrabass" (Three Chinese or Chinamen With A Double Bass) is a popular nonsensical German children's song.
The Duchy of Livonia (Księstwo Inflanckie; Livonijos kunigaikštystė; Ducatus Ultradunensis; Üleväina-Liivimaa hertsogkond; Pārdaugavas hercogiste; also referred to as Polish Livonia or Inflanty) was a territory of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania—and later the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth—that existed from 1561 to 1621.
Dzhokhar Musayevich Dudayev (Dudin Musa-khant Dƶoxar, Дудин Муса-кӀант Джохар; Джоха́р Муса́евич Дуда́ев; 15 February 1944 – 21 April 1996) was a Soviet Air Force general and Chechen leader, the first President of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria, a breakaway state in the North Caucasus.
Eastern Orthodoxy in Estonia is practiced by 12.8% of the population, making it the second most identified religion in this majority-secular state after Lutheran Christianity with 13.6%.
Eber Landau (November 8, 1878 – October 30, 1959) was a Baltic German-Swiss anatomist and histologist, born in Rēzekne, Latvia.
Estonian economy is an advanced economy and a member of the European Union and of the eurozone.
Pskov has always played a special role in Russian trade with the West.
European Communication Research and Education Association (ECREA) is a scholarly association centred on the study of "media, (tele)communications and informatics research, including relevant approaches of human and social sciences".
The Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople (Οἰκουμενικόν Πατριαρχεῖον Κωνσταντινουπόλεως, Oikoumenikón Patriarkhíon Konstantinoupóleos,; Patriarchatus Oecumenicus Constantinopolitanus; Rum Ortodoks Patrikhanesi, "Roman Orthodox Patriarchate") is one of the fourteen autocephalous churches (or "jurisdictions") that together compose the Eastern Orthodox Church.
Edasi (meaning Forward in English) was a newspaper published in Tartu, Estonia.
Edgar Valter Saks (January 25, 1910 Tartu – April 11, 1984, Montreal) was an Estonian amateur historian and author.
Edgar Valter (21 September 1929 Tallinn – 4 March 2006 Tartu) was an Estonian writer and illustrator of children's books, with over 250 books to his name, through 55 years of activity (1950–2005).
Eduard Georg von Wahl (in Vatla – in Tartu) was a Baltic-German surgeon.
Eduard Hau (Russian: Эдуард Петрович Гау; 28 July 1807 in Reval – c.1888 in Dorpat) was a Baltic German painter and graphic artist.
Eduard Hermann (23 December 1891 – 22 March 1947) was a Greco-Roman wrestler from Estonia.
Eduard Hiiop (19 December 1889 – 24 August 1941) was an Estonian figure skater and athlete.
Eduard Oja (January 17, 1905 in Palupõhja - April 16, 1950 in Tartu) was an Estonian composer, conductor, music teacher and critic.
Eduard Ole (20 May 1898 – 24 November 1995) was an Estonian painter.
Eduard Tubin (– 17 November 1982) was an Estonian composer and conductor, who lived in Sweden from 1944 onwards.
Eduard Vanaaseme (25 July 1898 – 2 March 1991) was an Estonian lightweight weightlifter.
Eduard Vilde (4 March 1865 in Pudivere, Väike-Maarja Parish, Lääne-Viru County – 26 December 1933 in Tallinn) was an Estonian writer, a pioneer of critical realism in Estonian literature, and a diplomat.
Eduard Otto Emil Karl Adam Freiherr von Stackelberg (November 6, 1867 Estonia - April 7, 1943 Munich, Germany) was an Estonian chemist, landowner and politician who belonged to the Stackelberg family.
The history of formal education in Estonia dates back to the 13–14th centuries when the first monastic and cathedral schools were founded.
Edward von Lõngus is an Estonian stencil artist based in Tartu.
Eero Loone (born 26 May 1935 in Tartu) is an Estonian philosopher.
Eero Palm (born 21 June 1974 in Tallinn) is an Estonian architect.
Eesti Aeg (Time of Estonia) was a newspaper in the Republic of Estonia, published as a weekly broadsheet newspaper in 1991–1995 and four issues as a monthly newsmagazine in 1996.
Eesti Gaidide Liit (EGL, Estonian Guides Association) is the national Guiding organization of Estonia.
Eesti otsib superstaari (Estonia is Searching for a Superstar) is an Estonian reality-competition gameshow airing on TV3.
The first season of Eesti otsib superstaari started on March 11, 2007 and continued until June 14, 2007.
The second season of Eesti otsib superstaari started on February 3, 2008 and lasted until June 2008.
The third season of Eesti otsib superstaari premiered on September 6, 2009.
The fourth season of Eesti otsib superstaari premiered on February 13, 2011, on TV3.
The fifth season of Eesti otsib superstaari premiered on September 2, 2012, on TV3.
Eesti Skautide Ühing (Estonian Scout Association, ESÜ) the primary national Scouting organization of Estonia, became a member of the World Organization of the Scout Movement in 1996.
Eesti tippmodell, cycle 1 was the first installment of the Estonian adaptation of America's Next Top Model founded by Tyra Banks.
Eesti tippmodell, cycle 2 was the second installment of the Estonian adaptation of Tyra Banks' America's Next Top Model.
Eesti tippmodell, cycle 3 is the third installment of the Estonian adaptation of America's Next Top Model founded by Tyra Banks.
Efraim Allsalu (20 February 1929 – 7 September 2006) was an Estonian painter.
Eino Puri (born 7 May 1988 in Tartu) is an Estonian professional footballer who plays as a midfielder for Norwegian Second division club Nybergsund-Trysil.
The Estonian Riigikogu, or Parliament, is made up of 101 members, elected from 12 separate geographic areas, or electoral districts.
Elena Bolotina (Алена Балоціна; Елена Болотина, born September 23, 1997 in Minsk, Belarus) is a Belarusian individual rhythmic gymnast.
Elena Alexandrovna Kostioukovitch (Елена Александровна Костюкович) (born 1958 in Kiev, USSR), is an essayist and literary translator.
Gottlieb Eliel Saarinen (August 20, 1873 – July 1, 1950) was a Finnish architect known for his work with art nouveau buildings in the early years of the 20th century.
Elisabeth Erm (Tartu, 1 February 1993) is an Estonian model.
Elise Käer-Kingisepp (née Käer; 3 October 1901 – 10 February 1989) was an Estonian physician, pharmacologist, physiologist and sports medicine specialist.
Elizaveta Sergeyevna "Liza" Tuktamysheva (Елизавета Серге́евна Туктамышева; born 17 December 1996) is a Russian figure skater.
Ellen Kaarma (2 January 1928 – 4 July 1973) was an Estonian stage and film actress.
Ellen Liiger (26 June 1918 – 4 August 1987), was an Estonian stage, television, radio and film actress and theatre teacher.
Ellinor Aiki (11 January 1893 - 25 October 1969) was an Estonian painter who is possibly best recalled for her works in later life of vibrant and colorful, heavily textured portraits, landscapes and compositions interspersed with whimsical motifs.
Elmar Kits (27 April 1913 – 24 March 1972) was an Estonian painter.
Elmar Emil Leppik (1878–1978) was an Estonian mycologist.
Elmar Reimann (2 January 1893 – 21 April 1963) was an Estonian long-distance runner.
Elmar Tampõld (August 3, 1920 – March 7, 2013) was an Estonian-Canadian architect and founder of an academic base for Estonian studies in Toronto.
Elsa Ratassepp (7 March 1893 - 4 April 1972), was an Estonian stage, radio and film actress whose career spanned over fifty years.
Elva is a town and a municipality in Tartu County, Estonia.
Emajõe is a genitive form of Emajõgi, a river in Estonia and may refer to.
Emajõgi (is a river in Estonia which flows from Lake Võrtsjärv through Tartu County into Lake Peipus, crossing the city of Tartu for 10 km. It has a length of 100 km. The name Emajõgi means "Mother River" in Estonian. The Emajõgi is sometimes called the Suur Emajõgi ("Great Emajõgi"), in contrast with the Väike Emajõgi ("Little Emajõgi"), another river which flows into the southern end of Lake Võrtsjärv. Emajõgi is the second largest river in Estonia by discharge and the only fully navigable river.
Emil Bretschneider (in Bankaushof (now Benkavas muiža, Saldus novads, Latvia) – in Saint Petersburg) was a sinologist of Baltic German ethnicity and a correspondent member of the Académie française.
Heinrich Friedrich Emil Lenz (also Emil Khristianovich Lenz, Эмилий Христианович Ленц; 12 February 1804 – 10 February 1865), usually cited as Emil Lenz, was a Russian physicist of Baltic German ethnicity.
Emil Rosenberg (1842–1925) was a biologist and professor of comparative anatomy, embryology and histology, who worked 20 years at the Imperial University of Dorpat.
Emma Asson (13 July 1889 – 1 January 1965), was an Estonian politician (Social Democrat).
Emmanuil Aleksandrovich Dmitriev-Mamonov (Russian: Эммануил Александрович Дмитриев-Мамонов; 19 January 1824 in Moscow – 30 December 1883 in Saint Petersburg) was a Russian portrait painter and graphic artist.
Endel Aruja (5 July 1911 – 4 February 2008) was an Estonian physicist specialising in X-ray crystallography, encyclopedian, librarian, supporter of libraries and a long-term Estonian expatriate activist.
Endel Laas (29 August 1915 in Tartu – 1 November 2009) was an Estonian forest scientist and professor.
Endel Lippmaa (15 September 1930, Tartu – 30 July 2015) was an Estonian academic, politician, founder and chairman of the Science Council of the National Institute of Chemical Physics and Biophysics, and head chairman and professor of chemical physics, physical chemistry, physics, and mathematics at the Estonian Academy of Sciences.
Endel Eduard Taniloo, born Danilov (born 5 January 1923), is an Estonian sculptor and recipient of Order of the White Star in 2002.
Ene Mihkelson (21 October 1944 in Tammeküla, Imavere Parish, Viljandi County – 20 September 2017 in Tartu) was an Estonian writer.
Enn Rajasaar (born 8 November 1961 in Tartu) is a notable Estonian architect.
Enn Tarto (born 25 September 1938 in Tartu) is an Estonian politician who was a leading dissident during the Soviet occupation of Estonia.
Eno Raud (February 15, 1928 – July 10, 1996) was an Estonian children's author.
Erastvere (Errestfer, Erästvere) is a village in Kanepi Parish, Põlva County in southeastern Estonia.
Erhard Schmidt (13 January 1876 – 6 December 1959) was a Baltic German mathematician whose work significantly influenced the direction of mathematics in the twentieth century.
Eric Pehap (10 April 1912 – 22 November 1981), also known as Erich Konstantin or simply Pehap, was an abstract artist working in Canada.
Rafael Erich's cabinet was the sixth Government of Republic of Finland.
Erich Harnack (10 October 1852, in Dorpat – 24 April 1915, in Halle an der Saale) was a German pharmacologist and toxicologist.
Ernst Enno (in Valguta – 7 March 1934 in Haapsalu) was an Estonian poet and writer.
Ernst Christoph Friedrich Knorre (11 December 1759 – 1 December 1810) was a German-born astronomer who lived and worked in present-day Estonia as a founding professor of mathematics at the Universität Dorpat and chief observator for the Dorpat Observatory.
Baron Ernst Friedrich von Liphart or Earnest Lipgart (1847–1932) was a painter, a noted art expert and art collector from what is now Tartu in Estonia.
Ernst Magnus Dönhoff (Ernest Magnus Denhoff; 1581–1642, in Elbing (Elbląg), Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth) was a Baltic German who served the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth in Livonia and the Polish fief of Duchy of Prussia.
Ernst Reissner (September 24, 1824 – September 16, 1878) was a Baltic German anatomist from Riga, Livonia.
Eskil Kinneberg (born 17 May 1992) is a Norwegian orienteer.
EstDomains was a website hosting provider and a Delaware corporation headquartered in downtown Tartu, Estonia.
ESTfield is a Lotus Seven-style car manufactured by RaceTech in Tartu, Estonia either as a kit car or in key ready form.
Estonia (Eesti), officially the Republic of Estonia (Eesti Vabariik), is a sovereign state in Northern Europe.
Estonia competed at the 1992 Summer Olympics in Barcelona, Spain.
Before the outbreak of the Second World War, Germany and the Soviet Union signed the German-Soviet Nonaggression Pact, concerning the partition and disposition of sovereign states, including Estonia, and in particular its Secret Additional Protocol of August 1939.
The Estonia national football team (Eesti jalgpallikoondis) represents Estonia in international football and is controlled by the Estonian Football Association (Eesti Jalgpalli Liit), the governing body for football in Estonia.
The 1997 season was the sixth full year of competitive football in the Baltic country as an independent nation.
The 2012 season is the 21st full year of competitive football in the Baltic country as an independent nation.
This is a list of the Estonia national under-21 football team results from 2014 to the present day.
Estonia under Swedish rule signifies the time between 1558 and 1710, when parts of present-day Estonia (and after 1645 all of the present-day country) were under Swedish rule.
The Estonia women's national football team (Eesti naiste jalgpallikoondis) represents Estonia in international women's association football competitions and is controlled by the Estonian Football Association (Eesti Jalgpalli Liit), the governing body for football in Estonia.
This is a summary of the Estonia women's national football team results.
Finland-Estonia relations are foreign relations between Finland and Estonia.
Estonia–India relations refers to the bilateral diplomatic relations between Estonia and India.
Estonia–Russia relations (Российско-эстонские отношения, Eesti-Vene suhted) refers to bilateral foreign relations between Estonia and Russia.
Estonia–Sweden relations are foreign relations between Estonia and Sweden.
The Estonian Air Force (Eesti Õhuvägi) is the aviation branch of the Estonian Defence Forces.
The Estonian Association of Gerontology and Geriatrics (EGGA) (Estonian: Eesti Gerontoloogia ja Geriaatria Assotsiatsioon) is an association of Estonian professionals who work with the elderly, established in 1997.
Estonian Aviation Academy (Eesti Lennuakadeemia) is a state-owned professional higher education institution educating and training specialists for Estonian aviation enterprises and organisations.
The Estonian Aviation Museum is located in Lange near Tartu in Estonia.
The Estonian Cup (Eesti karikas), also known as the OlyBet Cup for sponsorship reasons, is an annual cup competition for Estonian basketball teams.
The Estonian Biocentre (EBC; Eesti Biokeskus) is a genetics and genomics research institute located in Tartu, Estonia.
The Estonian Centre Party (Eesti Keskerakond) is a centrist, social-liberal, and populist political party in Estonia.
The Estonian Chamber of Commerce and Industry (ECCI) is a business network in Estonia.
The Estonian Chess Championship is played to determine the Estonian in chess.
The Estonian Democratic Party (EDE) was a political party in Estonia.
The Estonian Evangelical Lutheran Church (Estonian: Eesti Evangeelne Luterlik Kirik, abbreviated EELK) is a Lutheran church in Estonia.
The Estonian Figure Skating Championships (Eesti Meistrivõistlused) are a figure skating national championship held annually to determine the national champions of Estonia.
The Estonian Folklore Archives (EFA) is the central folklore archives in Estonia.
Estonian Forest Aid (EFA, Estonian: Eesti Metsa Abiks, alternative English translation: Helping Estonia's Forests) is an Estonian civic movement which advocates sustainable forest management and draws attention to problems associated with Estonian forestry policy in general.
The Estonian Genome Project is a population-based biological database and biobank which was established in 2000 to improve public health in Estonia.
The Estonian identity card (ID-kaart) is a mandatory identity document for citizens of Estonia.
The Estonian Institute of Zoology and Botany (Estonian:Zooloogia ja Botaanika Instituut) (ZBI) is a zoological and botanical research institute based in Tartu, Estonia.
The Estonian Land Forces (Maavägi), unofficially referred to as the Estonian Army, is the name of the unified ground forces among the Estonian Defence Forces where it has an offensive military formation role.
Estonian (eesti keel) is the official language of Estonia, spoken natively by about 1.1 million people: 922,000 people in Estonia and 160,000 outside Estonia.
The Estonian Literary Museum (ELM; Eesti Kirjandusmuuseum), is a national research institute of the Ministry of Education and Research of the Republic of Estonia.
The Estonian Lutheran Association of Peace (Estonian: Eesti Luterlik Rahuühendus) is a conservative laestadians organization in Estonia.
Estonian municipal elections, 2017 were held in Estonia on 15 October 2017.
Estonian mythology is a complex of myths belonging to the Estonian folk heritage and literary mythology.
The Estonian National Defence College (ENDC; Estonian: Kaitseväe Ühendatud Õppeasutused) is an institution of applied higher education for national defence in Tartu, Estonia.
The Estonian National Museum (Eesti rahva muuseum) founded 1909 in Tartu is a museum devoted to folklorist Jakob Hurt's heritage, to Estonian ethnography and folk art.
Põhimaantee 2 (ofcl. abbr. T2) is a 283-kilometre-long north-south national main road in Estonia.
Põhimaantee 3 (ofcl. abbr. T3) is a 220-kilometre-long north-south national main road in Estonia.
National Road 1 (also known as Tartu-Viljandi-Kilingi-Nõmme maantee; Tartu-Viljandi-Kilingi-Nõmme highway) begins from the outskirts of Tartu from Imavere.
Estonian Naturalists' Society (Eesti Looduseuurijate Selts) is the oldest Estonia-based society of naturalists.
Estonian Neopaganism, or the Estonian native faith (Estonian: Maausk, literally "Native faith"), is the name, in English, for a grouping of contemporary revivals (often called "Neopagan", although adherents of Estonian native religion generally don't use the termJüri Toomepuu.. Presentation at KLENK 2011, published on January 7, 2012. St. Petersburg, Florida.) of the indigenous Pagan religion of the Estonian people.
Parliamentary elections were held in Estonia on 14 and 15 July 1940 alongside simultaneous elections in Latvia and Lithuania.
Parliamentary elections were held in Estonia on 1 March 2015.
The Estonian Pirate Party (Eesti Piraadipartei) is a support group to form a political party in Estonia.
The Estonian Rugby Union (Eesti Ragbi Liit) is the governing body of Rugby Union in Estonia and was formed in 2007 in response to FIRA-AER expulsion of the Estonian Rugby Federation.
The Estonian Society of Human Genetics (ESTSHG) (Estonian: Eesti Inimesegeneetika Ühing) is a non-profit organization that promotes research and communication between scientists involved in human and medical genetics.
The Estonian Song Festival (in Estonian: laulupidu) is one of the largest amateur choral events in the world, a Masterpiece of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity.
The Estonian Soviet Socialist Republic (Estonian SSR or ESSR; Eesti Nõukogude Sotsialistlik Vabariik ENSV; Эстонская Советская Социалистическая Республика ЭССР, Estonskaya Sovetskaya Sotsialisticheskaya Respublika ESSR), also known as Soviet Estonia or Estonia was an unrecognized republic of the Soviet Union, administered by a subordinate of the Government of the Soviet Union.
The Estonian Sports and Olympic Museum, founded in 1963 and modernised in 2001, is the largest sports museum in the Baltic states.
Estonian Students' Society (Eesti Üliõpilaste Selts, commonly used acronym: EÜS) is the largest and oldest all-male academical student society in Estonia, which is similar to Baltic German student corporations (should not be confused with American college fraternities).
The Estonian University of Life Sciences (Estonian: Eesti Maaülikool, EMÜ), located in Tartu, Estonia, is the former Estonian Agricultural University, which was established in 1951 and renamed and restructured in November 2005.
Estophilia (from Greek: φίλος, filos - "dear, loving") refers to the ideas and activities of people not of Estonian descent who are sympathetic to or interested in Estonian language, Estonian literature or Estonian culture, the history of Estonia and Estonia in general.
Eugen Uuemaa (14 July 1903 – 25 July 1941) was an Estonian athlete.
This article describes the qualification procedure for EuroBasket 2017.
Europeade is the largest festival of European folk culture, held in a different European country each year.
The European Academy of Music Theatre (Europäische Musiktheater-Akademie, abbreviated EMA) is a Vienna based, non-profit institute which seeks to promote not only a pan-European but also international network for those active in the theory and praxis of Music Theatre.
The European Capital of Culture is a city designated by the European Union (EU) for a period of one calendar year during which it organises a series of cultural events with a strong pan-European dimension.
The European Green Capital Award is an award for a European city based on its environmental record.
The European Heritage Label is a recognition awarded by the European Union to buildings, documents, museums, archives, monuments or events which are seen as milestones in the creation of today's Europe.
The European Journalism Training Association (EJTA) is a formal network of authorized European journalism training centres, enabling cooperation and exchanges of students and teachers.
The European Mountain Bike Championships (EMBCs) are an annual mountain bike racing championship in Europe.
The European Quizzing Championships (EQC) are an annual multi-disciplinary quiz event, in which representatives from various countries compete as individuals, in pairs, and/or in teams (club or national).
The European Road Cycling Championships are the set of European championship events for the various disciplines and distances in road cycling and have been regulated by the European Cycling Union since 1995.
European route E 263 is a Class B road part of the International E-road network.
European route E 264 is a Class B road part of the International E-road network.
The European Union Science Olympiad (EUSO) is a team-based science competition for the European Union's (EU) students to display their capabilities in natural sciences.
EuroVelo is a network of long-distance cycling routes (currently 14) criss-crossing Europe, in various stages of completion.
Eva Püssa (born 16 June 1971) is an Estonian stage, film, voice and television actress and radio personality.
Evald Äärma (28 December 1911 – 13 October 2005) was an Estonian pole vaulter.
Evald Mahl (14 April 1915 – 18 January 2001) was an Estonian basketball player.
Evald Mikson (Eðvald Hinriksson), (– 27 December 1993) was a goalkeeper in the Estonian national football team, winning seven caps between 1934 and 1938.
Evelin Võigemast (until 2007, Evelin Pang; born 22 May 1980) is an Estonian stage, film television and voice actress and singer.
Evgeni Viktorovich Plushenko (born 3 November 1982) is a Russian former figure skater.
Eye in the Egg (Silm munas) is a 1962 oil on paper painting by the Estonian artist Ülo Sooster in the Tartu Art Museum.
The Faroe Islands national football team represents the Faroe Islands in association football and is controlled by the Faroe Islands Football Association (FSF), the governing body of the sport in the country.
Football Club Tartu Santos is an Estonian football club based in Tartu.
Feliks (Felix) Kibbermann (3 December 1902, in Rakvere – 27 December 1993, in Tartu) was an Estonian chess master, philologist of German language, lexicographer and pedagogue.
Felix Kersten (30 September 1898 – 16 April 1960) was before and during World War II the personal physical therapist of Heinrich Himmler.
Fenna Vanhoutte (born 6 July 1997) is a Belgian professional racing cyclist who rides for Lotto–Soudal Ladies.
Ferdinand David (19 June 181018 July 1873) was a German virtuoso violinist and composer.
Ferdinand Minding (Фердинанд Готлибович Миндинг; &ndash) was a German-Russian mathematician known for his contributions to differential geometry.
Baron Ferdinand Friedrich Georg Ludwig von Wrangel (Фердина́нд Петро́вич Вра́нгель, Ferdinand Petrovich Wrangel; –) was a Russian explorer and seaman of Baltic German ancestry, Honorable Member of the Saint Petersburg Academy of Sciences, a founder of the Russian Geographic Society.
Ferrara (Ferrarese: Fràra) is a town and comune in Emilia-Romagna, northern Italy, capital of the Province of Ferrara.
The Finnic peoples or Baltic Finns consist of the peoples inhabiting the region around the Baltic Sea in Northeastern Europe who speak Finnic languages, including the Finns proper, Estonians (including Võros and Setos), Karelians (including Ludes and Olonets), Veps, Izhorians, Votes, and Livonians as well as their descendants worldwide.
Below is list of Finnish language exonyms for towns and cities in non-Finnish-speaking areas.
The national flag of Estonia (Eesti lipp) is a tricolour featuring three equal horizontal bands of blue (top), black, and white.
The Republic of Estonia gained its independence from the Russian Empire on 24 February 1918 and established diplomatic relations with many countries via membership of the League of Nations.
The foreign relations of Finland are the responsibility of the president of Finland, who leads foreign policy in cooperation with the government.
The foreign policy of Sweden is based on the premise that national security is best served by staying free of alliances in peacetime in order to remain a neutral country in the event of war.
Forests cover about 50% of the territory of Estonia, or around 2 million hectares, and so make out an important and dominating landscape type in the country.
Fortumo is an international mobile technology company.
Francis Goya (born François Edouard Weyer, 16 May 1946) is a Belgian classical guitar player and producer.
Frank Liivak (born 7 July 1996) is an Estonian professional footballer who plays as an attacking midfielder for Estonian club Flora and the Estonia national team.
Franz Ulrich Theodor Aepinus (December 13, 1724August 10, 1802) was a German and Russian Empire natural philosopher.
Frederiksberg is a part of the Capital Region of Denmark.
Frederiksberg Kommune is a municipality (Danish, kommune) on the island of Zealand (Sjælland) in Denmark.
Below is a list of French language exonyms for places in non-French-speaking areas.
Friedrich Karl Akel (in Kaubi Manor, Kaubi Parish (now in Pornuse village, Halliste Parish) – 3 July 1941 in Tallinn) was an Estonian diplomat and politician, a member of the International Olympic Committee., and Head of State of Estonia in 1924.
Georg Friedrich Karl Heinrich von Bidder (9 November 1810 – 22 August 1894) was a Baltic German physiologist and anatomist from what was then the Governorate of Livonia in the Russian Empire.
Friedrich Georg von Bunge (13 March 1802, Kiev – 9 April 1897, Wiesbaden) was a German legal historian.
Friedrich Georg Wilhelm von Struve (Василий Яковлевич Струве, trans. Vasily Yakovlevich Struve; 15 April 1793 –) was a German-Russian astronomer and geodesist from the famous Struve family.
Friedrich Issak (20 November 1915 – 11 May 1991) was an Estonian sportsman and journalist.
Friedrich Maximilian von Klinger (17 February 1752 – 25 February 1831) was a German dramatist and novelist.
Johann Jacob Friedrich Wilhelm Parrot (25 October 179115 January 1841) was a Baltic German naturalist, explorer, and mountaineer, who lived and worked in Dorpat (today Tartu, Estonia) in what was then the Governorate of Livonia of the Russian Empire.
Friedrich Reinhold Kreutzwald (–) was an Estonian writer who is considered to be the father of the national literature for the country.
Friedrich Robert Faehlmann (Fählmann) (31 December 1798 in Ao Manor – 22 April 1850 in Tartu) was an Estonian writer, medical doctor and philologist active in Livonia, Russian Empire.
Gabriel Czechowicz (1876-1938) was a Polish lawyer, economist and politician.
Gabriel Preil (Hebrew: גבריאל פרייל; August 21, 1911 – June 5, 1993) was a modern Hebrew poet active in the United States, who wrote in Hebrew and Yiddish.
Ganna Sergiivna Rizatdinova (Ганна Сергіївна Різатдінова; Анна Сергеевна Ризатдинова; born 16 July 1993 in Simferopol, Ukraine) is a Ukrainian individual rhythmic gymnast.
Gaute Kivistik (born 18 June 1971 in Tartu), better known under his pen name of Rohke Debelak (or Debelakk), is an Estonian humorist and journalist, best known as the author and presenter of a satirical news programme on Raadio Kuku.
Gaziantep, previously and still informally called Antep (Այնթապ, Kurdish: Dîlok), is a city in the western part of Turkey's Southeastern Anatolia Region, some east of Adana and north of Aleppo, Syria.
Genrikh Vasilievich Struve (also Heinrich Struve; Генрих Васильевич Струве, 10 July 1822 – 28 March 1908) was a Russian chemist from the Struve family and a member of the Russian Academy of Sciences.
Georg Gottfried Julius Dehio (November 22, 1850 in Reval (now Tallinn), Governorate of Estonia, Russian Empire – March 21, 1932 in Tübingen), was a Baltic German art historian.
Georg Friedrich Parrot (15 July 1767 – 8 July 1852) was a German scientist, the first rector of the Imperial University of Dorpat (today Tartu, Estonia) in what was then the Governorate of Livonia of the Russian Empire.
Georg Hellat (3 March 1870, Puka, Governorate of Livonia – 28 August 1943, Tallinn, Estonia) was an Estonian architect.
Georg Stiernhielm (August 7, 1598 – April 22, 1672) was a Swedish civil servant, linguist and poet.
Georg von Oettingen (–) was a Baltic German physician and ophthalmologist who was born at the manor Gut Wissust (today known as Visusti in Palamuse Parish, Jõgeva County, Estonia).
Georg Karl Julius Hackenschmidt (– 19 February 1968) was an early 20th-century Baltic German strongman and professional wrestler who is recognized as professional wrestling's first world heavyweight champion.
George William Beaumont Howard, 13th Earl of Carlisle (born 15 February 1949), styled Viscount Morpeth from 1963 to 1994, is a British nobleman, politician, and hereditary peer.
Gerhard Diedrich Jakob von Tiesenhausen (Gerhards fon Tīzenhauzens; 26 March 1878, Tartu – 26 October 1917, Tiraspol) was a Livonian art nouveau architect.
Germain Henri Hess (Герман Иванович Гесс German Ivanovich Gess; 7 August 1802 – 30 November 1850) was a Swiss-Russian chemist and doctor who formulated Hess's law, an early principle of thermochemistry.
The occupation of Estonia by the German Empire occurred during the later stages of the First World War.
After Nazi Germany invaded the Soviet Union on June 22, 1941, Army Group North reached Estonia in July.
Glass floors are made with transparent glass when it is useful to view something from above or below; whereas translucent glass is used when there is no need to view through.
The Global Cities Dialogue on Information Society (GCD), is a non-profit international association of Mayors and High Political Representatives (HPRs) who believe that the development of the Information Society should be for the benefit of all the citizens, communities and peoples of the world.
The global spread of the printing press began with the invention of the printing press with movable type by Johannes Gutenberg in Mainz, Germany.
Gongylonema neoplasticum (more famously as Spiroptera carcinoma) is a roundworm parasite of rats.
In Europe, Google Street View began on 2 July 2008 with the route of Tour de France being covered in parts of France and Italy.
Gottfried Wilhelm Osann (26 October 1796, Weimar – 10 August 1866, Würzburg) was a German chemist and physicist.
Gottlieb (Georg) Nathanael Bonwetsch (5 February 1848 – 18 July 1925) was a Russian-born German Protestant theologian.
The Governorate of Livonia (Лифляндская губерния, Liflyandskaya guberniya; Gouvernement Livland, Livländisches Gouvernement; Vidzemes guberņa, after the Latvian inhabited Vidzeme region) was one of the Baltic governorates of the Russian Empire, now divided between the Republic of Latvia and the Republic of Estonia.
Graffiti (plural of graffito: "a graffito", but "these graffiti") are writing or drawings that have been scribbled, scratched, or painted, typically illicitly, on a wall or other surface, often within public view.
The Great fire of Tartu took place on and destroyed most of the city of Tartu in what is now Estonia.
Greco-Roman (US) or Graeco-Roman (UK) wrestling is a style of wrestling that is practiced worldwide.
Gregor von Helmersen (&ndash) was a Baltic German geologist.
Grete Treier (born 12 December 1977) is an Estonian road bicycle racer.
Gunnar Graps-Grāfs (27 November 1951 – 17 May 2004) was a popular Estonian musician and one of the pioneers of hard rock in Estonia and Soviet Union.
The Gunnar Graps Group (Gunnar Grapsi Grupp, GGG) were an Estonian rock group.
Gunnar Kangro (November 21, 1913, Tartu – December 25, 1975, Tartu) was an Estonian mathematician.
Gunnar Uusi (June 23, 1931 in Haapsalu – August 7, 1981 in Tartu) was an Estonian chess player who won the Estonian Chess Championship six times.
The Gunpowder Cellar (Püssirohukelder) is a historic building in Tartu, Estonia which now functions as a beer restaurant.
Gustav August Adam Flor (13 August 1829, Vecsalaca (Alt-Salis), present-day Latvia – 13 May 1883 Tartu (Dorpat), present-day Estonia) was a Baltic German zoologist from Livonia.
Gustav Heinrich Kirchenpauer (2 February 1808 – 3 March 1887) was a Jurist, Journalist and Natural history researcher.
Count Gustav Horn af Björneborg (October 22, 1592 – May 10, 1657) was a Swedish Nobleman, Military Officer and Governor-General.
Gustav Kalkun (22 March 1898 – 24 April 1972) was an Estonian discus thrower.
Gustav Suits (in Võnnu, Tartu County, Livonia – 23 May 1956 in Stockholm, Sweden) is considered one of the greatest Estonian poets.
Gustav Sule (10 September 1910 – 3 April 1942) was an Estonian javelin thrower.
Gustav Teichmüller (November 19, 1832 – May 22, 1888) was a German philosopher.
Gustav von Bunge (19 January 1844, Dorpat – 5 November 1920, Basel) was a German physiologist known for work in the field of nutrition physiology.
Johann Philipp Gustav von Ewers or Evers (27 July 1779 – 20 November 1830) was a German legal historian and the founder of Russian legal history as a scholarly discipline.
Gyumri (Գյումրի), is an urban municipal community and the second largest city in Armenia, serving as the administrative centre of Shirak Province in the northwestern part of the country.
Haaslava Parish was a rural municipality in Tartu County (Estonia), located southeast from the city of Tartu.
Hafnarfjörður is a port town and municipality located on the southwest coast of Iceland, about south of Reykjavík.
Hannaliis Jaadla (born 12 July 1986) is an Estonian footballer who plays as a defender for English club Oxford United and for the Estonia national team.
Hanno Selg (born 31 May 1932 in Tallinn) is a former Estonian modern pentathlete.
Hans Dragendorff (15 October 1870 in Dorpat (Tartu), Estonia – 29 January 1941 in Freiburg, Germany) was a Baltic German scholar who introduced the first classification system for the type of Ancient Roman pottery known as Samian ware or Terra sigillata, in 1896, using type numbers.
Hans Horst Meyer (March 17, 1853 – October 6, 1939) was a German pharmacologist.
The Hanseatic Days of New Time or the Hansa Days of New Time (Hansetage der Neuzeit) is an annual international festival of member cities of the Hanseatic League of New Time (also known as the New Hansa).
Hanseatic flags are the banners of Hanseatic cities, that were flown by cogs and other ships of the Hanseatic league - as illustrated on the 1350 seal of Elbing shown here.
The Hanseatic League (Middle Low German: Hanse, Düdesche Hanse, Hansa; Standard German: Deutsche Hanse; Latin: Hansa Teutonica) was a commercial and defensive confederation of merchant guilds and market towns in Northwestern and Central Europe.
In human genetics, Haplogroup G (M201) is a Y-chromosome haplogroup None of the sampling done by research studies shown here would qualify as true random sampling, and thus any percentages of haplogroup G provided country by country are only rough approximations of what would be found in the full population.
Harju County (Harju maakond), or Harjumaa (Harrien or Rugel, Harria) is one of the 15 counties of Estonia.
Harri Heliövaara (born 4 June 1989) is a Finnish tennis player.
Hämeenlinna (Tavastehus) is a city and municipality of about inhabitants in the heart of the historical province of Häme in the south of Finland.
Hélène Sparrow (5 June 1891 – 13 November 1970) was a pioneer in world public health, a medical doctor and microbiologist.
HC Keski-Uusimaa known as HCK is a Finnish ice hockey team based in Kerava, Finland.
Heiki Vilep (born 27 March 1960 in Tartu) is an Estonian poet, children's writer and writer.
Heiko Müller (born January 13, 1968) is a German painter.
Heino Eller (7 March 1887 – 16 June 1970) was an Estonian composer and composition teacher.
The Heino Eller Tartu Music College is a music school in Tartu, Estonia, founded in 1919.
Heino Lipp (June 21, 1922 – August 28, 2006) was an Estonian athlete, who was one of the greatest decathlete in the decade of the 1940s, but he was never able to compete in the Olympic Games, because citizens of the Soviet Union were never allowed to travel outside the Soviet Union dominated Iron Curtain countries.
Heino Veskila (14 December 1918 – 22 July 1941) was an Estonian basketball player who played for Tartu Kalev, Tartu EASK and Tartu Dünamo.
Ernst Heinrich Bruns (4 September 1848 – 23 September 1919) was a German mathematician and astronomer, who also contributed to the development of the field of theoretical geodesy.
Heinrich Mark (1 October 1911 – 2 August 2004) was an Estonian politician and Prime Minister of the Estonian Government in Exile.
Heinrich Rosenthal (– 10 May 1916) was an Estonian nationalist leader, doctor and author.
Heinrich Sylvester Theodor Tiling (31 December 1818 in Wilkenhof, Livonia, now in Latvia – 6 December 1871 in Nevada City, California, USA) was a German–Russian physician and naturalist.
Heinrich Unverricht (18 September 1853 – 22 April 1912) was a German internist who was a native of Breslau.
Heiti Talvik (9 November 1904 - 18 July 1947) was an Estonian poet.
Helen Waimel Robertson nee Staebler (1917-2002) was a Canadian sculptor.
Helena Tulve (born April 28, 1972 in Tartu) is an Estonian composer.
Helend Peep (July 29, 1910 – October 20, 2007), born Ernst-Helmut Peep, was an Estonian actor and singer, well known for his performance of "Kerjuse laul" in the musical Ainult unistus.
Helene "Leen" Kullman (31 January 1920, Tartu – 6 March 1943, Tartu) was an Estonian agent of Soviet military intelligence in the Baltic Fleet during World War II.
Helene Vannari (born 20 March 1948) is an Estonian stage, radio, television and film actress.
Helger Hallik (born 26 November 1972) is a former Estonian wrestler who competed in the 1992 Summer Olympics, 1996 Summer Olympics and in the 2000 Summer Olympics.
Helina Rüütel (born 11 August 1997) is an Estonian badminton player.
Hellenurme (Hellenorm) is a village in Valga County in southeastern Estonia.
Hellmuth Kneser (16 April 1898 – 23 August 1973) was a Baltic German mathematician, who made notable contributions to group theory and topology.
Helmut "Mike" Ajango (November 30, 1931 – November 15, 2013) was an Estonian-born architect based in Fort Atkinson, Wisconsin in the United States.
Henrik Visnapuu (in Helme Parish, Viljandi County, Livonia – 3 April 1951 in Long Island, New York, United States) was a well-known Estonian poet and dramatist.
'Herbert Hahn' (* 5 May 1890 in Pärnu Estonia, then part of the Russian Empire; † 20 June 1970 in Stuttgart) was a German teacher and Anthroposophist.
Hermann Clemenz (23 January 1846 – 28 March 1908) was an Estonian chess master.
Hermann Emminghaus (20 May 1845 – 17 February 1904) was a German psychiatrist who was a native of Weimar.
Hermann Guido von Samson-Himmelstjerna; name sometimes given as Guido Samson von Himmelstiern (23 January 1809, Kooraste, Governorate of Livonia – 30 January 1868, Tartu) was a Baltic German physician and professor of Staatsarzneikunde (state pharmacopoeia).
Hermann of Dorpat (or Hermann I, or Hermann von Buxhövden) (1163–1248) was the first Prince-Bishop of the Bishopric of Dorpat (1224–1248) within the Livonian Confederation.
Karl Hermann Struve (October 3, 1854 – August 12, 1920) was a Russian astronomer.
Hermann von Wedel (27 July 1893 – 5 February 1944) was a German general (Generalmajor) in the Wehrmacht during World War II.
Hermann Wesel (died June 1563) was a German ecclesiastic in Livonia, and the last Roman Catholic Bishop of Dorpat (Tartu).
Herta Elviste (12 June 1923 - 29 October 2015), was an Estonian stage, film and television actress and assistant theatre director whose career spanned nearly seventy years.
High-speed rail is emerging in Europe as an increasingly popular and efficient means of transport.
Highways in Estonia are the main transport network in Estonia.
A hillfort is a type of earthworks used as a fortified refuge or defended settlement, located to exploit a rise in elevation for defensive advantage.
The History Museum of Armenia is a museum in Armenia with departments of Archaeology, Numismatics, Ethnography, Modern History and Restoration.
The history of Estonia forms a part of the history of Europe.
The history of Latvia began around 9000 BC with the end of the last glacial period in northern Europe.
The rule of the Jagiellonian dynasty in Poland between 1386 and 1572 spans the late Middle Ages and early Modern Era in European history.
The history of rail transport in Estonia starts in 1870 when a line was opened connecting Paldiski, Tallinn, Tapa and Narva; the line extending all the way to St.
The history of the Jews in Estonia starts with individual reports of Jews in what is now Estonia from as early as the 14th century.
The history of the Jews in the Soviet Union is inextricably linked to much earlier expansionist policies of the Tsarist Russia conquering and ruling the eastern half of the European continent already before the Bolshevik Revolution of 1917.
A Hoberman sphere is an isokinetic structure patented by Chuck Hoberman that resembles a geodesic dome, but is capable of folding down to a fraction of its normal size by the scissor-like action of its joints.
Holger Waldenberger (born 7 December 1967) is a German professional quiz player.
Hovrätt ('Hovioikeus') (literally "Royal Court") was the highest judicial body in Sweden until King Gustav III founded the Supreme Court of Sweden in 1789.
Hrytsko Hryhorenko was the pen name for Oleksandra Sudovshchykova-Kosach (1867 – 1924), who was a Ukrainian journalist and writer.
Hugo Raudsepp (July 10, 1883 – September 15, 1952) was an influential and prolific Estonian playwright.
Hugo Hermann Fürchtegott Treffner (17 July 1845 – 13 March 1912) was the founder and first director of the Hugo Treffner Gymnasium in Tartu, and an important figure in the Estonian national awakening.
Hugo Treffner Gymnasium (Hugo Treffneri Gümnaasium; abbreviated as HTG) is a secondary school in Tartu, Estonia with special emphasis on science education.
"I Don't Know How to Love Him" is a song from the 1970 rock opera Jesus Christ Superstar written by Andrew Lloyd Webber (music) and Tim Rice (lyrics), a torch ballad sung by the character of Mary Magdalene.
The icosathlon, also called the double decathlon, is an ultra multi-event of track and field competition consisting of 20 events contested over two days.
Ida-Viru County (Ida-Viru maakond), or Ida-Virumaa, is one of 15 counties of Estonia.
Ignacy Hugo Matuszewski (born September 10, 1891 in Warsaw, died on August 3, 1946 in New York City) was a Polish politician, publicist, diplomat, Minister of Treasury of the Second Polish Republic, colonel, infantry officer and intelligence agent of the Polish Army, member of the International Olympic Committee.
Ignar Fjuk (born 12 March 1953, Tartu) is an Estonian architect, politician and radio journalist, most notable for being one of the voters for the Estonian restoration of Independence.
Igor Gräzin (born 27 June 1952 in Tartu) is an Estonian politician.
Ihaste is the suburban neighbourhood of Tartu.
II liiga is the fourth level of football league competition in Estonia arranged by the Estonian Football Association.
III liiga is the fifth-highest football league arranged by the Estonian Football Association.
Iivo Nei (born 31 October 1931 in Tartu) is an Estonian chess master.
Iko Maran (26 February 1915 – 12 November 1999) was an Estonian playwright and children's book author.
Illimar Pärn (born October 27, 1988) is an Estonian ski jumper.
Ilmar Kullam (15 June 1922 in Tartu – 2 November 2011 in Tartu) was an Estonian basketball player who competed for the Soviet Union in the 1952 Summer Olympics.
Ilmar Raag (born 21 May 1968 in Kuressaare) is an Estonian media executive, actor, screenwriter and film director, best known for his socio-critical film The Class.
Maire-Ilon Wikland (née Pääbo; born February 5, 1930) is an Estonian-born Swedish artist and illustrator.
The Immaculate Conception Church (Pühima Neitsi Maarja Pärispatuta Saamise kirik) also known as the Catholic church in Tartu and more formally "Church of the Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary" is the name given to a religious building belonging to the Catholic Church, located in the city of Tartu, the second largest in Estonia.
(IYP) is a European city guide publisher and online tourist information provider.
Independence Day (Eesti Vabariigi aastapäev) is a national holiday in Estonia marking the anniversary of the Estonian Declaration of Independence in 1918.
This page list topics related to Estonia.
Indrek Allmann (born 8 December 1972 in Viljandi, Estonia) is an Estonia architect.
Indrek Kaseorg (born 16 December 1967 in Tartu) is a retired Estonian decathlete.
Indrek Tobreluts (born 5 April 1976) is a former Estonian biathlete.
Indrek Visnapuu (born 4 May 1976) is an Estonian basketball coach and former player.
Indro Olumets (born 10 April 1971 in Tartu) is a former Estonian footballer who played as an offensive-minded midfielder.
Ingli puudutus is an unplugged album by Estonian rock band Terminaator.
Ingmar Ott (born 14 September 1955) is an Estonian botanist from Tartu.
Ingrid Isotamm (born 3 May 1979) is an Estonian stage, film, radio and television actress.
The international E-road network is a numbering system for roads in Europe developed by the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE).
IFUSCO (International Finno-Ugric Students' Conference) is an annual international conference for and by the students of Finno-Ugric languages.
The International Linguistics Olympiad (IOL) is the fourth newest of a group of twelve International Science Olympiads.
The International Philosophy Olympiad (IPO) is an International Science Olympiad, a philosophy competition for high school students.
The International Physics Olympiad (IPhO) is an annual physics competition for high school students.
The International Society of Military Sciences (ISMS) is an international organization whose stated aim is to build a strong network for the creation, development, exchange and diffusion of research and knowledge about war, conflict management and peace support efforts.
The Internet in Estonia has one of the highest penetration rates in the world.
Iris furcata (forked iris) is a species in the genus Iris, it is also in the subgenus of Iris.
Ismailbek Taranchiev (Исмаилбек Таранчиев.; 6 April 1923 – 18 March 1944) was a Kyrgyz Soviet aviator and posthumous Hero of the Soviet Union.
IV liiga is the sixth and also the lowest league arranged by the Estonian Football Association.
Ivan Ivanovich Maslennikov (Иван Иванович Масленников; September 16, 1900 – April 16, 1954), General of the Army, was a Soviet military and NKVD commander of Army and Front level during World War II.
Ivan O'Konnel-Bronin (born 10 February 1973) is a retired Estonian football forward, who became a football manager after his professional career.
Ivar Kallion (30 October 1931 – 16 May 2013) was an Estonian Communist politician and author who was the chairman of the Executive Committee of Tallinn from June 1971 to July 1979.
Ivo Posti (born 26 October 1975 in Vana-Kuuste) is an Estonian countertenor and historian.
Izold Pustõlnik (Изольд Бенционович Пустыльник, Izold Bentsionovich Pustylnik; 17 March 1938 in Odessa, Ukrainian SSR – 2 May 2008 in Tartu, Estonia) was an eminent Estonian astronomer who authored numerous scientific publications and served as editor of the Central European Journal of Physics and vice-chairman of the non-profit organization Euroscience Estonia.
Jaak Aaviksoo (born 11 January 1954) is an Estonian politician and physicist, former rector of Tartu University, who has been the Estonian Minister of Defence and Minister of Education and Research.
Jaak Huimerind (born May 4, 1957 in Tartu, Estonia) is a notable Estonian architect.
Jaak Juske (born on the 12 December 1976 in Tartu) is an Estonian politician and a member of the Social Democratic Party of Estonia.
Jaak Panksepp (June 5, 1942 – April 18, 2017) was an Estonian neuroscientist and psychobiologist who coined the term "affective neuroscience", the name for the field that studies the neural mechanisms of emotion.
Jaamamõisa (Estonian for "Station Manor") is a neighbourhood of Tartu, Estonia.
Jaan Anvelt (in Russian Ян Анвельт, also known by the pseudonyms Eessaare Aadu, Jaan Holm, Jaan Hulmu, Kaarel Maatamees, Onkel Kaak or Н. Альтъ; 18 April 1884 – 11 December 1937), was a Soviet revolutionary, leader of the Communist Party of Estonia, the first Premier of Soviet Estonia, and the Chairman of the Council of The Commune of the Working People of Estonia (Estonian Eesti Töörahva Kommuun).
Jaan Ehlvest (born 14 October 1962) is an Estonian-American chess grandmaster.
Jaan Eilart (24 June 1933 – 18 May 2006) was an Estonian phytogeographer, landscape ecologist, cultural historian and conservationist.
Jaan Einasto (born 23 February 1929, in Tartu) is an Estonian astrophysicist and one of the discoverers of the large-scale structure of the Universe.
Jaan (Joann) Hargel (30 November 1912 Tallinn – 30 January 1966 Tartu) was an Estonian conductor, music teacher, oboe and flute player.
Jaan Kaplinski (born 22 January 1941 in Tartu) is an Estonian poet, philosopher, and culture critic.
Jaan Kärner (May 27, 1891 in Käo village, then Kirepi municipality, today Rõngu Parish, Tartu County – April 3, 1958 in Tartu) was an Estonian poet and writer.
Jaan Kirsipuu (born 17 July 1969 in Tartu) is a retired Estonian road bicycle racer, living in Estonia.
Jan Koort (6 November 1883, Sootaga Parish (Äksi), Tartu – 14 October 1935 in Moscow) was an Estonian sculptor, painter and ceramicist.
Jaan Mölder (born 9 June 1987) is an Estonian rally driver.
Jaan Port (9 February 1891 in Raassilla, Holstre Parish (now, Tarvastu Parish) – 24 January 1950 in Tartu) was an Estonian botanist.
Jaan Rääts (born 15 October 1932 in Tartu, Estonia) is an Estonian composer who worked extensively on Estonian language film scores of the 1960s and 1970s.
Jaan Sarv (Sarvõ Jaan; 21 December 1877 in Leeguste village, Saru Parish (now in Saru village, Mõniste Parish), Võru County – 23 August 1954 in Tartu) was an Estonian mathematician and educator.
Jaan Tõnisson (near Tänassilma – 1941?, in Tallinn?) was an Estonian statesman, serving as the Prime Minister of Estonia twice during 1919 to 1920, as State Elder (head of state and government) from 1927 to 1928 and in 1933, and as Foreign Minister of Estonia from 1931 to 1932.
Jaan Toomik (born 2 October 1961 in Tartu) is an Estonian video artist, painter and award-winning filmmaker, often described as the most widely acknowledged Estonian contemporary artist on the international scene.
Jaan Usin VR II/3 (12 August 1887 – 19 August 1941) was an Estonian Navy commander.
Jaanikese is a village in Tõlliste Parish, Valga County in southern Estonia.
Jaanus Uudmäe (born 24 December 1980) is an Estonian triple jumper and long jumper.
Jacob Struve (also Jakob Struve; November 21, 1755 – April 2, 1841) was a German mathematician and father of the astronomer Friedrich Georg Wilhelm von Struve.
Jacques Rosenbaum (full name: Jacques Gustav-Adolf Rosenbaum-Ehrenbush) (1 July 1878 in Haapsalu, Estonia – 6 January 1944 in Berlin, Germany) was an Estonian architect of Baltic German descent.
Jak İhmalyan (Ժակ Իխմալյան, July 30, 1922 in Istanbul, Turkey - April, 1978 in Moscow, Russia) was a painter, political activist, poet, and professor of Armenian origin.
Jakob Hurt (in Himmaste – in St Petersburg) was a notable Estonian folklorist, theologian, and linguist.
Jakob Michael Reinhold Lenz (23 January 1751, or 12 January in the Julian calendar–4 June 1792, or 24 May in the Julian calendar) was a Baltic German writer of the Sturm und Drang movement.
Jakob Sildnik (4 February 1883 – 25 March 1973) was an Estonian photographer and filmmaker, based in Tartu.
Jakob von Uexküll Centre is an Estonia-based organisation for the work with the heritage of biologist Jakob von Uexküll.
James Sterling Corum is an American air power historian and scholar of counter-insurgency. He has written several books on counterinsurgency and other topics. He is a retired lieutenant colonel in the US Army Reserve.
Prof James Young Simpson (1873–1934) F.R.S.E, F.S.A. (Scot.), F.R.A.I., Hon.
Jan Allan Müller (born 25 July 1969) is a retired Faroese football striker.
Jan Niecisław Ignacy Baudouin de Courtenay (13 March 1845 – 3 November 1929) was a Polish linguist and Slavist, best known for his theory of the phoneme and phonetic alternations.
Jan Karol Chodkiewicz (c. 1560 – 24 September 1621; Ян Караль Хадкевіч, Jan Karal Chadkievič, Jonas Karolis Chodkevičius) was a military commander of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth army who was from 1601 Field Hetman of Lithuania, and from 1605 Grand Hetman of Lithuania, and was one of the most prominent noblemen and military commanders of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth of his era.
Jan Petržela (born 24 September 1992) is a Czech orienteer.
Jan Piotr Sapieha (English: John Peter Sapieha, 1569–1611) was a Polish nobleman, general, politician, diplomat, governor of Uświat county, member of the Parliament and a skilled commander of the Polish troops stationing in the Moscow Kremlin.
Jan Uuspõld (born 14 December 1973) is an Estonian stage, television, radio and film actor and musician.
Jan Zamoyski or Zamojski (Ioannes Zamoyski de Zamoscie; 19 March 1542 – 3 June 1605) was a Polish nobleman, magnate, and the 1st ordynat of Zamość.
Janari Jõesaar (born 8 December 1993) is an Estonian professional basketball player who plays for Kalev/Cramo of the Korvpalli Meistriliiga.
Janek Kiisman (born 3 January 1972) is a retired association football defender from Estonia.
The following events occurred in January 1916.
January 7 - Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar - January 9 All fixed commemorations below are observed on January 21 by Eastern Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar.
Jarkko Erkki Hurme (born 4 June 1986 in Oulu) is a Finnish footballer who plays as a defender, primarily as a right back.
The javelin throw is a track and field event where the javelin, a spear about in length, is thrown.
Järvselja Nature Reserve is a nature reserve situated in south-eastern Estonia, in Tartu County.
Józef Polikarp Brudziński (26 January 1874, Bolewo – 18 December 1917, Warsaw) was a Polish pediatrician born in the village of Bolewo (now in Mława County).
Józef Klemens Piłsudski (5 December 1867 – 12 May 1935) was a Polish statesman; he was Chief of State (1918–22), "First Marshal of Poland" (from 1920), and de facto leader (1926–35) of the Second Polish Republic as the Minister of Military Affairs.
Jõgeva (Laisholm) is a small town in Estonia with a population of around 6000 people.
Jürgen Ligi (born 16 July 1959 in Tartu) is an Estonian politician, former Minister of Foreign Affairs, and a member and the Vice-Chairman of the liberal Reform Party.
Jüri Adams (born 22 November 1947, Tartu, Estonia) is an Estonian politician.
Jüri Jaanson (born 14 October 1965 in Tartu) is the most successful Estonian rower of all time and the winner of five medals at World Rowing Championships.
Jüri Okas (born 26 August 1950 in Tallinn) is a notable Estonian architect, installation artist and printmaker.
Jüri Randviir (27 May 1927, Tallinn – 8 August 1996, Tallinn) was an Estonian chess player and journalist, who four times won the Estonian Chess Championship.
Jānis Čakste (14 September 1859 in Lielsesava (now Viesturi parish), Latvia – 14 March 1927 in Riga, Latvia) was a Latvian politician and lawyer who served as the first head of an independent Latvian state as the Chairman of the People's Council (1918–1920), the Speaker of the Constitutional Assembly (1920–1922), and as the first President of Latvia (1922–1927).
Jānis Poruks (13 October 1871 – 25 July 1911), was a Latvian poet and writer could be considered as a founder of the romantic branch of Latvian literature.
Jelena Glebova (born 16 June 1989) is an Estonian former competitive figure skater.
Jerker Lysell (born 27 April 1989) is a Swedish orienteering competitor, and world champion in sprint.
JK Luunja is an Estonian football club, which originates from Luunja near the city of Tartu.
Johan Kõpp (9 November 1874, Holdre – 21 October 1970, Stockholm) was an Estonian bishop and head of the Estonian Evangelical Lutheran Church 1939–1944.
Johan Laidoner (12 February 1884 – 13 March 1953) was an Estonian general and statesman.
Johan Pitka, VR I/1, (19 February 1872 in Jalgsema, Järva County, Estonia – disappeared September 1944 in Läänemaa, Estonia) was a famous Estonian military commander from the Estonian War of Independence until World War II.
Johan Skytte (Nyköping, 1577 – Söderåkra, 15 March 1645) was a Swedish politician.
Johann Albert von Regel in Russian: Иоанн-Альберт Регель (12 December 1845, Zürich – 6 July 1909, Odessa) was a Swiss-Russian physician and botanist.
Johann Anton Weinmann (Иван Андреевич Вейнман; 23 December 1782, Würzburg - 5 August 1858, Pavlovsk) was a German botanist who served as Inspector of the Gardens in Saint Petersburg, Russia.
Johann Christian Martin Bartels (12 August 1769 –) was a German mathematician.
Johann Friedrich Eschscholtz (1 November 1793 - 7 May 1831)Sterling (1997) was a Baltic German physician, naturalist, and entomologist.
Johann Heinrich Bartholomäus Walter or Walther (1734 – 1802) was a Baltic German architect, working in Tartu where he produced a number of buildings including Tartu Town Hall.
Johann Karl Simon Morgenstern (–) was a German philologist in Livonia, the first director of the library of the Imperial University of Dorpat.
Johann Marcusen (29 June 1817–10 July 1894) was a Baltic German ichthyologist.
Johann Voldemar Jannsen (in Vändra, Livonia, Russian Empire – in Tartu) was an Estonian journalist and poet active in Livonia.
Johannes Engelmann (in Mitau, Courland (now Jelgava, Latvia) – in Dorpat, Livonia (now Tartu, Estonia)) was a Baltic German jurist.
Johannes Erm (born March 26, 1998) is an Estonian decathlete.
Johannes Andreas Grib Fibiger (23 April 1867 – 30 January 1928) was a Danish physician and professor of anatomical pathology at the University of Copenhagen.
Johannes Gezelius the elder (February 3, 1615-January 20, 1690) was the Bishop of the Archdiocese of Turku and the Vice-Chancellor of The Royal Academy of Turku (1664–90).
Johannes Gezelius the younger (AD 1647 in Dorpat – AD 1718 in Uppland), was a theologian, professor in The Royal Academy of Åbo and also superintendent of Livonia as his father had been.
Johannes Peter Letzmann (19 July 1885 – 21 May 1971) was an Estonian meteorologist, and a pioneering tornado researcher.
Johannes Pääsuke (in Tartu – in Orsha) was an Estonian photographer and filmmaker.
Johannes Türn (27 May 1899, Tartu – 8 March 1993 Tallinn) was an Estonian chess player.
Johannes Undusk (10 September 1918 – 28 March 1979) was an Estonian Communist politician who was the chairman of the Executive Committee of Tallinn from 27 March 1961 to June 1971.
John Deely (April 26, 1942 – January 7, 2017) was an American philosopher and semiotician.
John I, Duke of Mecklenburg (1326 – 9 August 1392/9 February 1393), Duke of Mecklenburg from 1344 to 1352 and Duke of Mecklenburg-Stargard from 1352 to 1392.
Joosep Toome (born 21 June 1985) is an Estonian basketball coach and former professional player who is currently an assistant coach for University of Tartu of the Korvpalli Meistriliiga.
Jorģis Zemitāns (23 February 1873, Skrīveri parish – 16 January 1928, Riga) was an army officer and commander of the Latvian Northern Brigade during the Latvian War of Independence.
Count Joseph Cornelius O'Rourke (Russian: Иосиф Корнилович Орурк (О'Рурк), or Ioseph Kornilovich O'Rourke) (1772–1849) was a Russian nobleman of Irish ancestry.
Jouki Aino Terhikki Tikkanen (born 5 July 1995) is a Finnish individual rhythmic gymnast.
Juhan Aavik (29 January 1884 in Holstre, Governorate of Livonia, Russian Empire – 26 November 1982 in Stockholm, Sweden) was an Estonian composer.
Juhan (Johann) Kukk VR III/1 (in Käru, Salla Parish (now in Rakke Parish), Viru County, Estonia – 4 December 1942 in Kargopol, Arkhangelsk Oblast, Soviet Union) was an Estonian politician.
Juhan Liiv (in Allatzkiwwi &ndash) in Werbach-Kosse) is one of Estonia's most famous poets.
Juhan Parts (born 27 August 1966) is an Estonian politician who was Prime Minister of Estonia from 2003 to 2005 and Minister of Economic Affairs and Communications from 2007 to 2014. Juhan Parts is a member of the Union of Pro Patria and Res Publica party.
Juhan Simm (in Kivilõppe – 20 December 1959 in Tartu) was an Estonian composer.
Julia Beljajeva (born 21 July 1992) is an Estonian épée fencer, 2013 world champion and 2017 team world champion.
Julia Gross (born 15 April 1991) is a Swiss orienteer.
Julie Wilhelmine Hagen-Schwarz (27 October 1824, Klein-Wrangelshof manor, Governorate of Livonia – 20 October 1902, Tartu) was a Baltic German painter, primarily of portraits.
Julius Janonis (4 April 1896 – 30 May 1917) was a Lithuanian poet and writer.
Julius Kuperjanov VR I/2, VR II/2 and VR II/3 (– 2 February 1919) was an Estonian military officer during the War of Independence and commander of the Tartumaa Partisan Battalion renamed after him posthumously.
Julius Sergius von Klever (Russian: Юлий Юльевич Клевер; 31 January 1850, Tartu - 24 December 1924, Saint Petersburg) was a Russian landscape painter of Baltic-German ancestry.
Juss Haasma (born 23 August 1985) is an Estonian stage, film and television actor and musician.
Kaarel Eenpalu (until 1935 named Karl August Einbund) (in Paju talu, Vesneri Parish, Tartu County, Estonia, Russian Empire – 27/28 January 1942, Kirov Oblast, Russia, USSR) was an Estonian journalist, politician and head of state.
Kaarel Lukk (6 December 1887 – 17 November 1970) was an Estonian racewalker.
Kadri Simson (born 22 January 1977 in Tartu), is an Estonian politician and member of the Centre Party.
Kaire Leibak (born 21 May 1988 in Tartu) is a retired Estonian triple jumper.
Kaisa Pajusalu (born 19 February 1989, in Pärnu, Estonia) is a former Estonian rower.
AS Kalev (2006–2012 Kalev Chocolate Factory AS) is an Estonian confectionery company.
Kalevi Kull (born on 12 August 1952, Tartu) is a biosemiotics professor at the University of Tartu, Estonia.
Kaljo Pork (March 30, 1930 - December 2, 1981) was an Estonian botanist.
Kalju Lepik (7 October 1920 in Koeru Parish – 30 May 1999 in Tallinn) was an Estonian poet who lived as an exile for most of his life.
Kalle Kurg (born May 25, 1942 in Tartu) is an Estonian poet, writer, critic, translator and editor.
Kalli Kalde (born 6 September 1967 in Tartu) is an Estonian painter, graphic artist and illustrator.
Kammeri is a village in Kambja Parish, Tartu County in southern Estonia, located about 23 km south of the city of Tartu.
Kandiküla is a village in Tähtvere Parish, Tartu County, Estonia.
Kannu is a village in Kastre Parish, Tartu County, Estonia.
Karel Rüütli (born 25 December 1978 in Valga) was Chairman of the Estonian People's Union (Eestimaa Rahvaliit) and also leader of Estonian People's Union faction in the Estonian Parliament.
Karel Tammjärv (born 25 May 1989 in Tartu) is an Estonian cross-country skier who has competed since 2007.
Karilatsi is a village in Kanepi Parish, Põlva County in southeastern Estonia.
Karilatsi is a village in Põlva Parish, Põlva County in southeastern Estonia.
Karin Tammaru (born 27 January 1971) is an Estonian stage, television and film actress.
Karksi-Nuia is a town in Mulgi Parish, Viljandi County, southern Estonia close to the Latvian border.
Karl Ast (pseudonym: Karl Rumor, 19 February 1886, Orava – 9 July 1971, New York City) was an Estonian writer and politician.
Karl August Senff (12 March 1770 in Kreypau, Prussia – 2 January 1838 in Dorpat, Governorate of Livonia, Russian Empire) was a Baltic German painter, engraver and teacher.
Karl Christian Traugott Friedemann Goebel (21 February 1794, Niederroßla – 26 May 1851, Dorpat) was a German pharmacist and chemist.
Baron Karl Eduard von Liphart or Carl Eduard von Liphart (16 May 1808 – 15 February 1891) was a noted art expert and collector from Estonia.
Karl Ernst Claus (also Karl Klaus or Carl Claus, Карл Ка́рлович Кла́ус, 23 January 1796 – 24 March 1864) was a Baltic German chemist and naturalist.
Karl Ernst Ritter von Baer, Edler von Huthorn (Карл Эрнст фон Бэр; –) was an Estonian scientist and explorer.
Karl Khristoforovich Friedrich Knorre; Карл Христофорович Кнорре (28 March 1801 – 29 August 1883) was a Russian astronomer of Baltic German ethnic origin who is best known for founding the Nikolayev Astronomical Observatory in 1827.
Karl Johann von Hueck (also spelled Johan; 6 July 1844 – 8 October 1925) was a Baltic German politician who was the mayor of Reval (now Tallinn) from April 1895 to February 1905.
Karl Kõiv (3 December 1894 – 24 April 1972) was an Estonian featherweight weightlifter who won a silver medal at the 1922 World Weightlifting Championships and placed seventh at the 1920 Summer Olympics.
Karl Laas (17 April 1908 – 28 December 1967) was an Estonian long-distance runner.
Karl Linnas (6 August 1919, Tartu – 2 July 1987) was an Estonian who was sentenced to capital punishment during the Holocaust trials in Soviet Estonia in 1961-1962.
Karl Mikhailovich Peterson (1828–1881) was a Russian mathematician, known by an earlier formulation of the Gauss–Codazzi equations.
Karl Pärsimägi (11 May 1902, Oe, Antsla Parish - 27 July 1942, Auschwitz) was an Estonian Fauvist painter.
Karl Säre (July 2, 1903, Tartu – March 14, 1945) was an Estonian communist politician.
Karl von Ditmar (sometimes Carl von Ditmar) (in Vändra – in Tartu) was a Baltic German geologist and explorer, who travelled in and contributed to the scientific understanding of Kamchatka.
Karl von Struve (26 November 1835 – 26 June 1907) (Кирилл Васильевич Струве) (Alternate spelling in U.S.: de Struve) was a Russian nobleman and politician.
Karl Wilhelm von Kupffer (14 November 1829 – 16 December 1902) was a Baltic German anatomist who discovered stellate macrophage cells that bear his name.
Karlova is a neighbourhood of Tartu, Estonia.
Karolīne Liznete Kronvalde, née Roloff (2 April 1836 – 23 October 1913) was a Latvian teacher and feminist.
Karolina Karlovna Pavlova (Кароли́на Ка́рловна Па́влова) (22 July 1807 – 14 December 1893) was a 19th-century Russian poet and novelist who stood out from other writers on account of her unique appreciation of exceptional rhymes and imagery.
Kaspar Kokk (born August 3, 1982 in Tartu) is an Estonian cross-country skier.
Katarzyna "Kasia" Niewiadoma (born 29 September 1994) is a Polish racing cyclist for, She is a under-23 champion and a national champion in both the road race and time trial events.
Kati Tolmoff (born 3 December 1983 in Tartu) is a badminton player from Estonia.
Kati-Kreet Marran (born 13 July 1998) is an Estonian female badminton player.
Katrin Šmigun (born 21 October 1979) is an Estonian cross-country skier.
Katrin Pärn (born 20 May 1977) is an Estonian stage, film and television actress and singer.
Kauksi (German Kauks) is a small village in Alutaguse Parish, Ida-Viru County in northeastern Estonia.
Kaunas (also see other names) is the second-largest city in Lithuania and the historical centre of Lithuanian economic, academic, and cultural life.
Kaur Kivistik (born 29 April 1991 in Tartu) is an Estonian athlete competing in the 3000 metres steeplechase.
Käbi Alma Laretei (14 July 1922 – 31 October 2014) was an Estonian-Swedish concert pianist.
Kärdla Airport (Kärdla lennujaam) is an airport in Estonia.
Kärkna Abbey (Kärkna klooster; Kloster Falkenau or Valkenau), now ruined, was a former Cistercian monastery in Estonia.
Kärt Tomingas (born 5 April 1967) is an Estonian stage, television, voice and film actress, singer, lecturer and acting and theatre pedagogue.
The National Cyber Defense League (Küberkaitseliit, or KKL) is a group of units within certain malevs of the Estonian Defense League established in 2010.
Külitse is a small borough in Kambja Parish, Tartu County, in southern Estonia.
Külliki Saldre (until 1986, Külliki Tool; born 29 December 1952) is an Estonian stage, television, radio and film actress.
Kārlis Bētiņš (Karlis Betins, Karl Behting) (27 October 1867, Bērzmuiža – 28 March 1943, Riga) was a Latvian chess master and composer of studies.
Kārlis Padegs (8 October 1911 – 19 April 1940) is one of Latvia's most popular artists.
Keeni is a village in Otepää Parish, Valga County, in southern Estonia.
Keeri-Karijärve Nature Reserve is a nature reserve situated in south-eastern Estonia, in Tartu County.
The Kenneth Hudson Award is a museum award in Europe for the most unusual and daring achievement that challenges common perceptions of the role of museums in society.
Kenneth Raisma (born 3 April 1998) is an Estonian tennis player.
Kersti Heinloo (born 26 September 1976) is an Estonian stage, film and television actress who began her career in radio.
Kersti Kaljulaid (born 30 December 1969) is an Estonian politician who is the fifth and current President of Estonia, in office since 10 October 2016.
Kersti Merilaas (in Narva – 8 March 1986 in Tallinn) was an Estonian poet and translator.
Kertu Ly Alnek (born 14 September 1999) is an Estonian swimmer.
Kesklinn (Estonian for "Central Town") is a neighbourhood of Tartu, Estonia.
Memorials to victims of the KGB have been set up in several countries that were formerly occupied by the Soviet Union, often in former KGB prisons, to document the repressions of the Soviet secret police and to commemorate its victims.
Khachatur Abovian (or Abovyan; Խաչատուր Աբովյան; (disappeared)) was an Armenian writer and national public figure of the early 19th century who mysteriously vanished in 1848 and was eventually presumed dead.
Kiidjärve is a village in Põlva Parish, Põlva County in southeastern Estonia.
Kiiri Tamm (born 7 January 1962) is an Estonian stage, television and film actress and stage manager.
Kilingi-Nõmme is a town in Pärnu County, southwestern Estonia.
This is a sub-article to Leningrad–Novgorod Offensive and Battle of Narva. The Kingisepp–Gdov Offensive was a campaign between the Soviet Leningrad Front and the German 18th Army fought for the eastern coast of Lake Peipus and the western banks of the Narva River from 1 February till 1 March 1944.
Koidula railway station (Koidula raudteejaam) is a railway station in Koidula, Estonia, on the Russian border.
Koidula is a village in Setomaa Parish, Võru County, in southeastern Estonia, on the border with Russia.
Koit Annamaa (16 September 1912 – 1 November 1970) was an Estonian athlete.
Kolodavitsa is a village in Setomaa Parish, Võru County, in southeastern Estonia, on the border with Russia.
Konrad Vilhelm Mägi (1 November 1878 – 15 August 1925) was an Estonian painter, primarily known for his landscape work.
Konstantin Konik (– 3 August 1936) was an Estonian politician and surgeon, member of the Estonian Salvation Committee Konstantin Konik was born to a working-class family in Tartu; his father made living as a carter.
Konstantin Päts (– 18 January 1956) was the most influential politician of interwar Estonia, and served five times as the country's head of state.
Konstantin Ramul (30 May 1879 – 11 February 1975) was an Estonian professor of psychology and longtime chair of psychology at the University of Tartu.
Konstantin von Kügelgen (1810 in Saratov – 1880 in Dorpat) was a German landscape painter and the son of Karl von Kügelgen.
Koorvere (also known as Kuurvere) is a village in Põlva Parish, Põlva County in southeastern Estonia.
Korporatsioon Sakala (abbreviated Korp! Sakala) is a fraternal organization of Estonian higher education students.
Korp! Ugala (Fraternity Ugala) is a fraternal organization of Estonian higher education students.
Korporatsioon Vironia (abbreviated korp! Vironia or C!V!) is an Estonian fraternal student organization and the oldest student corps in Estonia.
The Korvpalli Meistriliiga (Basketball Champions League), known as the Alexela Korvpalli Meistriliiga for sponsorship reasons, is the highest level tier and most important professional club basketball competition in Estonia, and is controlled by the Estonian Basketball Association.
Kregor Zirk (born 3 July 1999) is an Estonian swimmer.
Krei is a village in Kose Parish, Harju County in northern Estonia.
Kreis Dorpat (Tartu kreis, Дерптский уезд, 1893-1918 Юрьевский уезд) was one of the nine subdivisions of the Governorate of Livonia of the Russian Empire.
Kristel Viigipuu (born August 19, 1990 in Tartu) is an Estonian biathlete.
Kristin Kuuba (born 15 February 1997) is an Estonian badminton player.
Kristina Šmigun-Vähi (born 23 February 1977 in Tartu) is a former and so far most successful Estonian female cross-country skier.
Kristjan Ilves (born in Tartu) is an Estonian Nordic combined skier.
Kristjan Raud (22 October 1865, Kirikuküla, Vinni Parish – 19 May 1943, Tallinn) was an Estonian painter and illustrator who was one of the founders of the Estonian National Museum.
Kristjan Sarv (born Tartu, 21 December 1979) is an Estonian actor.
The Kuperjanov Infantry Battalion (Kuperjanovi jalaväepataljon) is a battalion of the Estonian Land Forces.
Kuradisild (Devil's Bridge; originally Aleksandri sild, German: Alexander Brücke, Alexander's Bridge) is a dark concrete bridge located on Toome Hill in Tartu, Estonia, built to commemorate the 300th anniversary of the Romanov Dynasty in 1913.
Kuressaare Airport (Kuressaare lennujaam) is an airport in Estonia.
Kurista is a village in Kastre Parish, Tartu County, Estonia.
Kurt Heinrich Meyer or Kurt Otto Hans Meyer (29 September 1883 in Tartu, † 14 April 1952 in Menton) was a German chemist of Baltic origin.
Laane is a village in Kambja Parish, Tartu County, Estonia.
Ladislav Starevich (Владисла́в Алекса́ндрович Старе́вич, Władysław Starewicz; August 8, 1882 – February 26, 1965) was a Polish-Russian stop-motion animator notable as the author of the first puppet-animated film The Beautiful Lukanida (1912).
Lagle Parek (born 17 April 1941 in Pärnu) is an Estonian politician.
Lagodekhi Protected Areas, also known as Lagodekhi National Park, is a pair of protected areas in the Kakheti district of Georgia: Lagodekhi Strict Nature Reserve and Lagodekhi Managed Nature Reserve (divided in 2003).
Laine Randjärv (before 2011 Laine Jänes; born 30 July 1964) is an Estonian politician from the Reform Party.
Lake Raadi is a lake on the edge of Tartu, Estonia.
Lala Yusifova (Lalə Yusifova, born October 16, 1996 in Baku, Azerbaijan) is a retired Azerbaijani rhythmic gymnast.
The large copper (Lycaena dispar) is a butterfly of the family Lycaenidae.
Latvia (or; Latvija), officially the Republic of Latvia (Latvijas Republika), is a sovereign state in the Baltic region of Northern Europe.
The Latvian Men's Elite Floorball League (Latvijas vīriešu florbola virslīga) also known as Elvi Floorball League for sponsorship reasons with Elvi, is the top men's floorball league in Latvia.
Latvijas Skautu un Gaidu Centrālā Organizācija, (Latvian Scout and Guide Central Organisation), the primary national Scouting and Guiding organization of Latvia is a member of both the World Association of Girl Guides and Girl Scouts and the World Organization of the Scout Movement.
Laura Anneli Lepistö (born 25 April 1988) is a Finnish former competitive figure skater.
Laura Põldvere (interim Laura Remmel (2013–2016); born 30 August 1988) sometimes known professionally as simply Laura, is an Estonian singer.
Lauri Aus (4 November 1970 – 20 July 2003) was an Estonian professional cyclist, who represented his native country at three consecutive Summer Olympics, starting in 1992.
Lauri Vahtre (born 22 March 1960 in Tartu) is an Estonian politician, historian, translator and writer.
Lääniste is a village in Kastre Parish, Tartu County, Estonia.
Lüneburg (officially the Hanseatic City of Lüneburg, German: Hansestadt Lüneburg,, Low German Lümborg, Latin Luneburgum or Lunaburgum, Old High German Luneburc, Old Saxon Hliuni, Polabian Glain), also called Lunenburg in English, is a town in the German state of Lower Saxony.
Leila Säälik (born 4 December 1941) is an Estonian stage, film and radio actress.
The Leningrad Front (Ленинградский фронт) was formed during the 1941 German approach on Leningrad (now Saint Petersburg) by dividing the Northern Front into the Leningrad Front and Karelian Front on August 27, 1941.
Leningrad Strategic Defensive Operation is the name Soviet historiography for the defensive operations of the Red Army and Soviet Navy during World War II from 10 July to 30 September 1941.
Leo Karl Heinrich Meyer (3 July 1830, Bledeln, Germany – 6 June 1910, Göttingen, Germany) was a German philologist who spent much of his career in the Governorate of Livonia (now Estonia).
Leo Michelson (Leo Mihelsons; 12 May 1887 – 1978) was a Latvian-American artist considered part of the École de Paris, although his works span many periods and styles.
The Leonardo da Vinci World Award of Arts has been established by the World Cultural Council as a means of acknowledgment to those who offer a positive message to mankind through different expressions of art.
Leonas Bistras (20 October 1890 in Liepāja – 17 October 1971 in Kaunas) was one of the most prominent Lithuanian politicians of the interwar period.
Leonhard Merzin (10 February 1934 in Aruküla, Kudina Parish (now Maardla, Mustvee Parish) – 2 January 1990 in Tartu) was an Estonian theatre and film actor, one of the Estonian actors active in the Soviet Union and abroad.
Leonid Alekseyevich Kulik (Russian: Леонид Алексеевич Кулик, 19 August 1883 – 14 April 1942) was a Russian mineralogist who is noted for his research into meteorites.
Leonid Naumovich Stolovich (Леони́д Нау́мович Столович; Leonid Stolovitš; July 22, 1929, Leningrad – November 4, 2013, Tartu) was a Russian–Estonian philosopher, Doctor of Philosophy (1966) and professor (1967).
Leopold von Schroeder (December 24, 1851, Tartu – February 8, 1920, Vienna) was a German Indologist.
Leszczyński (plural: Leszczyńscy, feminine form: Leszczyńska) was a prominent Polish noble family.
There are 6 surviving transcripts of letters of Gediminas written in 1323–1324 by Grand Duke Gediminas.
Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people in Estonia face legal challenges not experienced by non-LGBT residents.
LHV Pank (originally Lõhmus, Haavel & Viisemann) is an Estonian banking and financial services company headquartered in Tallinn.
Liia Hänni (née Juulik; born 4 October 1946) is an Estonian astrophysicist, social activist and former politician who voted for the Estonian restoration of Independence.
Liina Olmaru (often credited as Liina-Riin Olmaru; born 11 April 1967) is an Estonian stage, radio, television, and film actress.
Liina Tennosaar (born 23 May 1965) is an Estonian stage, film and television actress.
Liispõllu is a village in Kastre Parish, Tartu County, Estonia.
Liivia-Maria Laaismer (June 21, 1918 - February 26, 1988) was an Estonian botanist.
Lilli Suburg (in Rõusa Manor – 8 February 1923 in Valga) was an Estonian journalist, writer and feminist.
Linnaleht is a free independent Estonian daily newspaper.
Linoy Ashram (לינוי אשרם, born May 13, 1999, in Rishon LeZion, Israel) is an Israeli individual rhythmic gymnast.
Lionel Adalbert Bagration Felix Kieseritzky (in Tartu – in Paris) was a Baltic German chess master, famous primarily for a game he lost against Adolf Anderssen, which because of its brilliance was named "The Immortal Game".
This list contains all active clubs in Estonia in 2017.
The following is a list of adjectival forms of cities in English and their demonymic equivalents, which denote the people or the inhabitants of these cities.
This is a list of aerospace museums and museums that contain significant aerospace-related exhibits throughout the world.
airBaltic serves the following destinations (as of May 2018): The list includes the city, country, the codes of the International Air Transport Association (IATA airport code) and the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO airport code), and the airport's name, with the airline's hubs marked.
This is a list of airlines by foundation date, founded by December 31, 1929.
Format of entries is.
This is a list of airports and airfields in Estonia.
Alvar Aalto (1898–1976) was a Finnish architect, and one of the key figures of modernist architecture during the twentieth century.
This is a list of the Baltic records in athletics.
This is a list of beaches of the world, sorted by country.
This is a list of castles in Estonia.
This is the List of churches in Estonia.
The following is a list of cities and towns in Estonia.
This is a list of cities in the Baltic states by population.
The following is a list of the largest cities in the Russian Empire according to the 1897 Russian Imperial Census.
The following cities have or historically had defensive walls.
This is a list of cities and towns whose names were officially changed at one or more points in history.
The following is a partial list of prominent city squares.
This article lists the largest city squares, ordered by area.
This is a list of college towns, residential areas (towns, districts, etc.) dominated by its academic population.
Estonia is a country in the Baltic region of Northern Europe.
A concert hall is a cultural building with a stage that serves as a performance venue and an auditorium filled with seats.
This is a list of the largest and second-largest cities by population in each country.
This page lists diplomatic missions resident in Estonia.
This is a list of diplomatic missions of Russia.
The following are the national records in athletics in Estonia maintained by Estonia's national athletics federation: Eesti Kergejõustikuliit (EKJL).
The following are the national records in Olympic weightlifting in Estonia.
This article provides a collection of the etymology of the names of country subdivisions.
This is an incomplete list of medium wave transmitters in Europe.
These are the current European records in the various age groups of Masters athletics.
This is a list of Wikipedia articles about film festivals in Europe.
Finnair operates flights from its Helsinki hub to over 130 destinations in over 40 countries around the world in Asia, Europe and North America.
The first woman to serve as mayor is believed to be Susanna Madora Salter of the United States who served as mayor of Argonia, Kansas in 1887.
This is a list of first-level country subdivisions.
Lists of foods named after places have been compiled by writers, sometimes on travel websites or food-oriented websites, as well as in books.
The following is a list of football stadiums in Estonia, ordered by seating capacity.
This is a list for articles on notable historic forts which may or may not be under current active use by a military.
Below is a list of German language exonyms for formerly German places and places in non-German-speaking areas of the world.
Below is a list of German language exonyms for settlements and other places in Estonia.
By a lot of people, the term Brick Gothic is used for what more specifically is called Baltic Brick Gothic or North German Brick Gothic.
This is a list of herbaria in Europe, organized first by region where the herbarium is located (using the United Nations geoscheme for Europe), then within each region by size of the collection.
This is a list of hospitals in Estonia.
The following is a list of indoor arenas.
The following is a list of indoor arenas in Estonia, ordered by capacity.
This is a list of international airports by country.
Here is a list of the largest optical refracting telescopes sorted by lens diameter and focal length.
Telescope have grown in size since they first appeared around 1608.
List of largest optical telescopes in the 19th century, are listings of what were, for the time period of the 19th century large optical telescopes.
This list includes European countries and regions that were part of the Roman Empire, or that were given Latin place names in historical references.
The following are the national records in athletics in Latvia maintained by its national athletics federation: Latvijas Vieglatlētikas Savienība (LVS).
The following are the national records in athletics in Lithuania maintained by Lithuanian national athletics federation: Lietuvos Lengvosios Atletikos Federacija (LLAF).
This is a List of Lutheran dioceses and archdioceses currently active, grouped by national (or regional) church, and showing the titles of the bishops of those dioceses.
The following is a list of Marathon races located in Europe.
The following is a list of Mayors of Tartu, Estonia.
The following are the national records in athletics in Mexico maintained by its national athletics federation: Federación Mexicana de Asociaciones de Atletismo (FMAA).
This is a list of minor planets named after places, organized by continent.
This is a listing of the municipalities of Estonia by the population density as of 2005.
This is a listing of the municipalities of Estonia by the population size as of 2005 and 2010.
This is a list of museums in Estonia.
This is an incomplete list of music festivals held yearly in Estonia.
This is a list of natural history museums, also known as museums of natural history, i.e. museums whose exhibits focus on the subject of natural history, including such topics as animals, plants, ecosystems, geology, paleontology, and climatology.
Below is a list of newspapers in Estonia.
On 24 August 2011, Nordic Regional Airlines (known as Flybe Nordic at the time) announced its first 24 routes, including both former Finncomm routes as well as new ones.
This article contains a list of the oldest existing universities in continuous operation in the world.
This is the List of palaces and manor houses in Estonia.
This is a list of notable people who have been killed in traffic collisions.
This article is a list of pharmacy schools by country.
There are a number of places named after famous people.
This is a list of places which are located all around the world named or renamed in honor of famous Russian revolution leader Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov, better known by the pen name Lenin.
This entry is a list of permanent planetariums, including software and manufacturers.
The following is a list of population centers by latitude.
The following is a list of cities by longitude.
This is a list of ports and harbours in Estonia.
This page provides a list of prisons by country.
This is a list of public art on permanent display in Galway City Ireland.
This is a list of rail accidents since 2010.
The following is a list of railway stations (also known as railroad stations in the United States), which is indexed by country.
The following is the list of cities in Estonia that underwent a name change in the past.
The following is a list of research laboratories that focus on machine translation.
Below is a list of ring roads from around the world.
Saints in the Russian Orthodox Church are confirmed by canonization which lists the decedent into the Community of Saints.
This is a list of schools in Estonia.
Below is the list of science museums all over the world.
This is a list of sister states, regions, and cities in the U.S. state of Maryland.
This list of social nudity places in Europe is a list of places where social nudity is practised for recreation in Europe.
This List of Soviet Air Force bases shows the state of the Soviet Air Force and Russian Air Force during the last decade of the Cold War to the mid-1990s.
This is a list of sports clubs that were created or altered out of inspiration from a visiting team or from a member of the club requesting a change of first name or strip because they were inspired by another club through their performances or conduct.
The following is a list of stadiums in Europe.
This article is a list of known monuments dedicated to Vladimir Lenin.
This is a partial list of streets and squares named after Adolf Hitler during the era of Nazi Germany.
This is a list of tallest buildings in Estonia.
A list of the tallest structures (over) in Estonia.
This is a list of people associated with the University of Tartu at Tartu, Estonia.
This is a list of the busiest airports in the Baltic states in terms of total number of Passengers, Aircraft movements and Freight and Mail Tonnes per year.
Please observe, that this list is meant to contain only the first woman to hold of a political office, not all the female holders of that office.
This list of the oldest newspapers sorts the newspapers of the world by the date of their first publication.
The Union of European Football Associations (UEFA) is the administrative and controlling body for European football.
This is a list of cities where trolleybuses operate, or operated in the past, as part of the public transport system.
The following are the national records in athletics in Turkmenistan maintained by Amateur Athletic Federation of Turkmenistan (AAFT).
This is a list of places in Estonia having standing links to local communities in other countries.
This list of modern universities in Europe since 1945 comprises all universities which have been founded in Europe since the end of World War II.
This is a list of counties of the Russian Empire ---- ∑ 670 items.
Below is a list of military conflicts in which Estonians participated on a larger scale or took place on Estonian territory.
These are the current world records in the various age groups of Masters athletics, maintained by WMA, the World Association of Masters Athletes, which is designated by the IAAF to conduct the worldwide sport of Masters (Veterans) Athletics (Track and Field).
Electoral districts go by different names depending on the country and the office being elected.
The Lithuanian Armed Forces consist of 20 565 active personnel.
Livonia (Līvõmō, Liivimaa, German and Scandinavian languages: Livland, Latvian and Livonija, Inflanty, archaic English Livland, Liwlandia; Liflyandiya) is a historical region on the eastern shores of the Baltic Sea.
The Livonian campaign against Rus' was a military campaign that lasted from 1240 to 1242, and was carried out by the Teutonic Knights of the Livonian Order with the aim to conquer the lands of Pskov and Novgorod and convert them to Catholicism.
The Livonian Crusade refers to the conquest of the territory constituting modern Latvia and Estonia during the pope-sanctioned Northern Crusades, performed mostly by Germans from the Holy Roman Empire and Danes.
The Livonian War (1558–1583) was fought for control of Old Livonia (in the territory of present-day Estonia and Latvia), when the Tsardom of Russia faced a varying coalition of Denmark–Norway, the Kingdom of Sweden, and the Union (later Commonwealth) of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and the Kingdom of Poland.
The Livonians, or Livs (Livonian: līvlizt), are a Finnic ethnic group indigenous to northern Latvia and southwestern Estonia.
Lohkva is a settlement in Luunja Parish, Tartu County in eastern Estonia.
Long Range Aviation (r, abbr. to AДД, or ADD) is the branch of the Soviet Air Forces and Russian Air Force tasked with long-range bombardment of strategic targets with nuclear weapons.
Lūcijs (Lucius) Endzelīns (21 May 1909, Dorpat (Tartu), Estonia – 27 October 1981, Adelaide, Australia) was a Latvian-Australian chess master.
Ludvig Puusepp (also Pussep or Pousep, rus. Людвиг Мартынович Пуссеп), (in Kiev – 19 October 1942 in Tartu) was an Estonian surgeon and researcher and the world's first professor of neurosurgery.
Luftflotte 1 (Air Fleet 1) was one of the primary divisions of the German Luftwaffe in World War II.
Luke Manor (Luke mõis) is a manor near Tartu, Estonia.
Lustivere is a village in Põltsamaa Parish, Jõgeva County in eastern Estonia.
Lydia Emilie Florence Jannsen, (–), known by her pen name Lydia Koidula, was an Estonian poet.
Professor Lynette Gail Mitchell (born 1966) is Professor in Greek History and Politics at the University of Exeter.
Lyudmila Fyodorovna Markianova (Людмила Фёдоровна Маркианова.) (born 14 July 1941, Suarikoski, Olonets Karelia, Soviet Union) is a Karelian linguist and a professor emerita.
Maarika Võsu (born 7 June 1972) is an Estonian fencer.
Maarja Nummert (born 24 April 1944, near Antsla) is an Estonian architect who has designed a number of school buildings.
Maarjamõisa (Estonian for "Mary's Manor") is a neighbourhood of Tartu, Estonia.
Maavalla Koda (literally House of the Native Land, short for Taarausuliste ja Maausuliste Maavalla Koda, Estonian House for Taaraist and Native Religion Followers) is a religious organisation uniting adherents of the two kinds of Estonian native religion or Estonian Neopaganism: Taaraism and Maausk.
Madis Kõiv (5 December 1929, Tartu, Estonia – 24 September 2014, Tartu, Estonia) was an Estonian writer, philosopher and physicist.
Magnus Georg von Paucker (Магнус-Георг Андреевич Паукер; Magnus-Georg Andreyevich Pauker, in Simuna – in Jelgava) was the first Demidov Prize winner in 1832 for his work Handbuch der Metrologie Rußlands und seiner deutschen Provinzen.
Magnus Kirt (born 10 April 1990) is an Estonian track and field athlete who competes in the javelin throw.
Mainor Business School (Eesti Ettevõtluskõrgkool Mainor) is a private university in Estonia, established in 1992.
Mait Metsanurk (Born Eduard Hubel, November 19, 1879 – 21 August 1957), was an Estonian writer who led the neo-realist school of Estonian literature.
Mamma Mia! (promoted as Benny Andersson & Björn Ulvaeus' Mamma Mia!) is a jukebox musical written by British playwright Catherine Johnson, based on the story of Bueno Sera, Mrs Campbell, written by Dennis Norden, and based on the songs of ABBA, composed by Benny Andersson and Björn Ulvaeus, former members of the band.
Mare Tommingas (born 6 November 1959) is an Estonian dancer, choreographer, and director of the ballet company of Vanemuine in Tartu, Estonia.
Marek Doronin (born 9 January 1983) is an Estonian professional basketball pleyer.
Margarethe Mathilde von Wrangell, after 1928 Princess Andronikow, née Baroness von Wrangell (7 January 1877 in Moscow – 21 March 1932 in Hohenheim) was a Baltic German agricultural chemist and the first female full professor at a German university.
Margarita "Rita" Mamun-Sukhorukova (Маргарита Мамун Сухоруковa.; born 1 November 1995 in Moscow, Russia) is a retired Russian individual rhythmic gymnast.
Margit Mutso (born February 11, 1966) is an Estonian architect.
Margus Hanson (born 6 January 1958 in Tartu) is an Estonian politician, who was the Estonian Minister of Defence from 2003 to 2004.
Margus Tsahkna (born 13 April 1977) is an Estonian politician, former leader of the Pro Patria and Res Publica Union, former Minister of Defence in Jüri Ratas' cabinet and Minister of Social Protection in Taavi Rõivas' second cabinet.
Mari Klaup (born 27 February 1990) is an Estonian athlete who specialises in the heptathlon.
Mari Jürjens, née Mari Pokinen (born May 27, 1988), is an Estonian actress and singer.
Mari-Leen Kaselaan (also known by stage name Mari-Leen) is an Estonian pop artist.
Maria Annus (until 2016, Maria Soomets; born 21 February 1979) is an Estonian stage, television and film actress.
Maria Leonidovna Rudnitskaya (Мари́я Леони́довна Рудни́цкая; June 17, 1916 in Ekaterinoslav, Ukraine, Russian Empire – January 1, 1983 in Leningrad, USSR) was a Russian Soviet realist painter, graphic artist, and art teacher, who lived and worked in Leningrad.
Marian Zdziechowski (30 April 1861, Nowosiółki, Minsk Governorate – 5 October 1938, Wilno) was a Polish philosopher, Slavist, publicist and cultural historian.
Marie Heiberg (10 September 1890 – 15 February 1942) was an Estonian poet.
Marie Orav (23 December 1911, Pikeliai, Telšiai County, Russian Empire – 4 January 1994, Tallinn) was an Estonian chess player, who twice won the Estonian Women's Chess Championship - 1952, 1959.
Marina Sergeyevna Durunda (Marina Sergey qızı Durunda; Марина Сергеевна Дурунда) is a retired Azerbaijani individual rhythmic gymnast of Ukrainian origin.
Maris Mägi (born 11 August 1987 in Tartu) is an Estonian sprinter who specializes in the 400 metres.
Mariss Vētra (19 July 1901 – 24 December 1965) was a Latvian opera singer, stage director, educator, and writer.
Marju Lauristin (born 7 April 1940) is an Estonian politician, and former Member of Member of the European Parliament and Minister of Social Affairs.
Markko Märtin (born 10 November 1975 in Tartu) is a rally driver from Estonia, who competed in the World Rally Championship from 2000 until 2005.
Marko Aleksejev (born February 14, 1979 in Tartu) is a retired Estonian high jumper.
Markus Jürgenson (born 9 September 1987) is an Estonian professional footballer who plays as a right back for Meistriliiga club FCI Levadia and the Estonia national team.
Mart Laga (May 15, 1936 – November 27, 1977) was an Estonian basketball player who competed for the Soviet Union in the EuroBasket 1955 and EuroBasket 1957 events.
Mart Paama (17 January 1938 – 29 June 2006) was an Estonian athlete.
Mart Port (4 January 1922 – 3 February 2012) was an Estonian architect and pedagogue.
Mart Saar (in Hüpassaare - 28 October 1963) was an Estonian composer, organist and collector of folk songs.
Mart Saarma (born 29 June 1949 in Tartu) is an Estonian molecular biologist, member of the Estonian Academy of Sciences.
Mart Toome (born 7 March 1980) is an Estonian stage, television, and film actor.
Martin Aunin (born 17 May 1971) is an Estonian architect.
Martin Hurt (born 27 June 1984 in Tartu) is an Estonian professional footballer, who plays in JK Tammeka Tartu.
Martin Miller (born 25 September 1997) is an Estonian professional footballer who plays as a midfielder for Estonian Meistriliiga club Flora and the Estonia national team.
Martin Regborn (born 10 December 1992) is a Swedish orienteer.
Martin Reim (born 14 May 1971) is an Estonian football manager and former professional player.
Martin Viiask (born 27 April 1983 in Tartu, Estonia) is a former Estonian professional basketball player.
Martin Vunk (born 21 August 1984) is a retired Estonian professional footballer who played as a midfielder.
Mary Poppins is a musical with music and lyrics by the Richard M. Sherman and Robert B. Sherman (aka the Sherman Brothers, with additional music and lyrics by George Stiles and Anthony Drewe, and a script by Julian Fellowes. The musical is based on the similarly titled Mary Poppins children's books by P. L. Travers and the 1964 Disney film, and is a fusion of various elements from the two. Produced by Cameron Mackintosh and Walt Disney Theatrical and directed by Richard Eyre with co-direction from Matthew Bourne who also acted as co-choreographer with Stephen Mear, the original West End production opened in December 2004 and won two Olivier Awards, one for Best Actress in a Musical and the other for Best Theatre Choreography. A Broadway production with a near-identical creative team opened on November 16, 2006, with only minor changes from the West End version. It has received seven Tony Award nominations, including Best Musical, and winning for Best Scenic Design. The original Broadway production closed on March 3, 2013, after 2,619 performances. Since then the amateur rights have become available for the musical through Musical Theatre International, and has been a popular choice for schools and community theatres to produce due to the popularity of the film and books.
The Maryland Estonia Exchange Council, Inc., also known as MEEC, is a charitable tax exempt corporation to advance the friendship of the State of Maryland and Estonia by providing opportunities for partnerships that enhance cultural exchanges and strengthen political, economic, medical, educational, and security links.
In architecture, a mascaron ornament is a face, usually human, sometimes frightening or chimeric whose function was originally to frighten away evil spirits so that they would not enter the building.
Masters M40 javelin throw world record progression is the progression of world record improvements of the javelin throw M40 division of Masters athletics.
Masters W45 discus world record progression is the progression of world record improvements of the discus W45 division of Masters athletics.
Masters W45 shot put world record progression is the progression of world record improvements of the shot put W45 division of Masters athletics.
Mati Karmin (born 26 February 1959 in Tartu) is one of Estonia's most renowned contemporary sculptors.
Matjama is a village in Peipsiääre Parish, Tartu County, Estonia.
Matsuri (also known as Matsurdi, Matšuri, Belohvostovo and Piiroja) is a village in Setomaa Parish, Võru County, in southeastern Estonia, on the border with Russia.
Mauritius Ferber (Maurycy Ferber) (1471 – 1 July 1537) in Lidzbark (Heilsberg), in Poland was a member of the patrician Ferber family of Danzig (Gdańsk) in Poland.
Max Julius Friedrich Vasmer (Макс Ю́лиус Фри́дрих Фа́смер; 28 February 1886 – 30 November 1962) was a Russian-born German linguist.
Mõisaküla is a town in southern Estonia, part of Mulgi Parish of Viljandi County, just next to the border of Latvia.
087 | 35087 von Sydow || || Max von Sydow (born 1929), a Swedish screen actor.
Since 1991 Estonia has changed from being a former Soviet republic to a member of the European Union and the European Monetary Union, making a rapid transformation in several fields, including the media, which is a vibrant and competitive sector.
Meeli Kõiva (known professionally as Mery Crystal Ra; born 14 January 1960, Tartu, Estonia) is an Estonian artist, curator, and filmmaker who primarily works with glass and light.
The Meistriliiga (EML), also known as the Nordic Power Hokiliiga for sponsorship reasons, is the top-tier ice hockey league in Estonia.
The Melammu Project investigates the continuity, transformation and diffusion of Mesopotamian and Ancient Near Eastern culture from the third millennium BCE through the ancient world until Islamic times.
Melchior Hoffman (or Hofmann; byname: Pel(t)zer "furrier"; c. 1495c. 1543) was an Anabaptist prophet and a visionary leader in northern Germany and the Netherlands.
Melitina Dmitryevna Staniouta (Меліціна Дзмітрыеўна Станюта, Мелитина Дмитриевна Станюта; born 15 November 1993) is a Belarusian retired individual rhythmic gymnast.
A/S Merilaid & Co. was an Estonian shipping company.
Merle Jääger (born 19 October 1965) is an Estonian television, stage and film actress, poet and author who frequently uses the pen name Merca.
Merle Palmiste (born 1 November 1970) is an Estonian stage, film and television actress.
Prince Michael Andreas Barclay de Tolly (–) was a Russian Field Marshal and Minister of War during Napoleon's invasion in 1812 and War of the Sixth Coalition.
Michael Josselson (2 March 1908, Tartu, Estonia – 7 January 1978, Geneva, Switzerland) was a CIA agent.
MIFARE is the NXP Semiconductors-owned trademark of a series of chips widely used in contactless smart cards and proximity cards.
Mihhail Stalnuhhin (Russian: Михаил Стальнухин; born 15 September 1961, Tartu) is an Estonian politician of Russian descent who has been a member of the Riigikogu, representing the Estonian Reform Party on and off again since 1999. He was also the chairman of the Narva City Council from 2003 to 2011.
Mihkel Ainsalu (born 8 March 1996) is an Estonian professional footballer who plays as a midfielder for Estonian Meistriliiga club Flora and the Estonia national team.
Mihkel Lüdig (in Vaskrääma – 7 May 1958 in Vändra) was an Estonian composer, organist and choir conductor.
Mihkel Martna (17 September 1860 Veltsa parish, Paimpere – 23 May 1934 Tallinn) was an Estonian politician and journalist.
Mihkel Mutt (born February 18, 1953, in Tartu) is an Estonian writer, essayist, columnist and editor.
Mihkel Veske (in Holstre Parish, Viljandi County – in Kazan) was an Estonian poet and linguist.
Miia Rannikmäe (née Tammeorg, born 4 October 1951, in Tartu) is an Estonian chemist specializing in cognitive learning and scientific literacy.
Miina Härma (9 February 1864 – 16 November 1941) was a widely recognised Estonian composer. She was the second Estonian musician with higher education. Her greatest contribution is perhaps the fact that she took organ music to the countryside, as virtually no skilled organists gave concerts outside of towns. During her 60-year period of creativity, she wrote more than 200 choral songs, 10 cavatinas, a canto, "Kalev and Linda" and much more. Most of her works were forms of vocal music, rather than instrumentals.
Miina Härma Gymnasium (Estonian: Miina Härma Gümnaasium; abbreviated as MHG) is an institution composed of a primary school and a secondary school in Tartu, Estonia.
Mikhail Ivanovich Lebedev (Михаил Иванович Лебедев) (4 November 1811 – 13 July 1837) was a Russian painter.
Mikk Pahapill (born 18 July 1983) is an Estonian decathlete.
A military academy or service academy (in the United States) is an educational institution which prepares candidates for service in the officer corps.
Two years after the end of the Estonian War of Independence (1918-1920), the Estonian Army consisted of 3 field divisions and a number of small independent battalions and companies (1922).
The military history of the Russian Empire encompasses the history of armed conflict in which the Russian Empire participated.
Mimicry is an Estonian band.
The Minister of Education and Research is the senior minister at the Ministry of Education and Research (Estonian: Eesti Vabariigi Haridus- ja Teadusministeerium) in the Estonian Government.
Mirjam Liimask (born 25 October 1983 in Tartu) is a retired Estonian hurdler.
Miron Vovsi (Мирон Семёнович Вовси; May 13, 1897, Krāslava, Vitebsk Governorate, Russian Empire, now Latvia – June 6, 1960, Moscow, Russia) was a prominent physician of the Soviet Union.
Mirtel Pohla (born 28 January 1982) is an Estonian stage, film and television actress.
Miss Valentine is an international gymnastics tournament in Estonia.
RAJU is the highest level of Estonian mixed martial arts league.
Moe is a village in Tapa Parish, Lääne-Viru County, in northern Estonia.
Otto Moritz (I) Ludwig von Engelhardt (-) was a Baltic German mineralogist.
Moritz Hermann (Boris Semyonovich) von Jacobi (Борис Семёнович (Морис-Герман) Якоби) (21 September 1801 – 10 March 1874) was a German and Russian engineer and physicist born in Potsdam.
Dr Moses Wolf Goldberg (June 30, 1905 – February 17, 1964) was an Estonian-Jewish chemist who, along with Leo Henryk Sternbach, developed a process for the synthesis of biotin (a B vitamin) in 1949.
A municipality (omavalitsus, plural omavalitsused) is the smallest administrative subdivision of Estonia.
The Naiste Meistriliiga is the highest division women's association football league in Estonia.
Names in Marble (Nimed marmortahvlil) is an Estonian war novel written by Albert Kivikas.
The Naryshkin family (Нарышкины) was a Moscow boyar family of Tatar descent, going back to a certain Mordko Kurbat Naryshko, a Crimean Tatar, who moved to Moscow in the 15th century.
The National Archives of Estonia (NAE, Rahvusarhiiv) is the centre of archival administration in Estonia since 1999.
The national symbols of Estonia are flags, coat of arms, icons or cultural expressions that are emblematic, representative or otherwise characteristic of Estonia or Estonian culture.
Navi is a village in Võru Parish, Võru County in southeastern Estonia.
Nõo is a small borough (alevik) in Tartu County, in southern Estonia.
Neo-Nazism consists of post-World War II militant social or political movements seeking to revive and implement the ideology of Nazism.
Nicolai Anhorn von Hartwiss (Николай Андерс фон Хартвис; 1793–1860) was a Livonian-born Russian botanist, plant explorer and plant breeder.
Nikolai Karl Adolf Anderson (24 September 1845 in Kulina, Estonia – 9 March 1905 in Narva, Estonia) was a Baltic German philologist who specialized in comparative linguistics of Finno-Ugric languages.
Nikolai Voldemar Triik (7 August 1884, Tallinn – 12 August 1940, Tallinn) was an Estonian Modernist painter, graphic artist, printmaker and professor.
Nikolay Nilovich Burdenko (Никола́й Ни́лович Бурде́нко; – 11 November 1946) was a Russian and Soviet surgeon, the founder of Russian neurosurgery.
Nikolay Ivanovich Pirogov (–) was a prominent Russian scientist, medical doctor, pedagogue, public figure, and corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Sciences (1847).
Njazi Kuqi (born 25 March 1983 in Vushtrri, Kosovo) is a Finnish football forward who last played for ATK in the Indian Super League.
On July 9, 1941, 193 detainees were shot in Tartu prison and the Gray House courtyard by the Soviet NKVD; their bodies were dumped in makeshift graves and in the prison well.
The NKVD prisoner massacres were a series of mass executions carried out by the Soviet NKVD secret police during World War II against political prisoners across Eastern Europe, primarily Poland, Ukraine, the Baltic states, Bessarabia and other parts of the Soviet Union from which the Red Army was retreating following the Nazi German attack on the Soviet positions in occupied Poland, known as Operation Barbarossa.
Noored kotkad (released in 1927) is an Estonian war and adventure silent film about Estonian War of Independence, fought in 1918-1920.
Norbert Hurt (born 16 April 1983) is an Estonian football coach.
Nordic Students Singers' Summit – NSSS (Nordisk Studentsångarstämma) is a choral festival arranged every third year in a Nordic or Baltic country.
Nortal is a multinational strategic change and technology company headquartered in Tallinn, Estonia, with operations in Europe, the Middle East and Africa.
Oil shale gas (also: retort gas or retorting gas) is a synthetic non-condensable gas mixture (syngas) produced by oil shale thermal processing (pyrolysis).
Olaus or Olof Verelius (12 February 1618 – 3 January 1682) was a Swedish scholar of Northern antiquities who published the first edition of a saga and the first Old Norse-Swedish dictionary and is held to have been the founder of the Hyperborean School which led to Gothicism.
Olav Roots (26 February 1910 – 30 January 1974) was an Estonian pianist and composer.
The old town of a city or town is its historic or original core.
Olexiy Lukashevych (Олексій Лукашевич); born 11 January 1977 in Dnipropetrovsk) is a Ukrainian long jumper, best known for winning the 2002 European Championships. His personal best is 8.27 metres, achieved in June 2000 in Tartu.
Olena Ihorivna Diachenko (Олена Ігорівна Дяченко, born June 15, 2001 in Kiev, Ukraine) is a Ukrainian individual rhythmic gymnast.
Olev Subbi (7 March 1930, Tartu – 19 August 2013) was an Estonian artist.
Olevi Kull (22 June 1955, Rakvere – 31 January 2007, Tartu) was an Estonian professor at the University of Tartu known for his contribution to ecology.
Olevik (meaning Present Time in English) was a weekly newspaper published in Tartu, Estonia.
Oliver Konsa (born 4 March 1985 in Tartu) is an Estonian professional footballer, who played in Estonian Meistriliiga.
Oliver Venno (born 23 May 1990) is an Estonian volleyball player currently playing for Galatasaray Istanbul of the Turkish Men's Volleyball League.
Olle Kärner (born November 24, 1977 in Tartu) is an Estonian orienteering competitor from Tartu.
Olli Ojanaho (born February 25, 1997) is a Finnish orienteering competitor.
Olli Ungvere (17 June 1906 - 12 December 1991) was an Estonian stage and film actress and singer whose career spanned more than sixty years on the stages of most of Estonia's largest theaters.
Olof Samuel Tempelman (February 21, 1745, Källstad, Östergötland - July 27, 1816, Stockholm) was a Swedish architect and, from 1779, professor at the Royal Swedish Academy of Arts.
Operation Bagration (Операция Багратио́н, Operatsiya Bagration) was the codename for the Soviet 1944 Belorussian Strategic Offensive Operation, (Белорусская наступательная операция «Багратион», Belorusskaya nastupatelnaya Operatsiya Bagration) a military campaign fought between 22 June and 19 August 1944 in Soviet Byelorussia in the Eastern Front of World War II.
Orava is a village in Võru Parish, Võru County, South East Estonia.
An orthopedic cast, or simply cast, is a shell, frequently made from plaster or fiberglass, encasing a limb (or, in some cases, large portions of the body) to stabilize and hold anatomical structures, most often a broken bone (or bones), in place until healing is confirmed.
Johan Oskar Backlund (28 April 1846 – 29 August 1916) was a Swedish-Russian astronomer.
Oskar Engelhard von Löwis of Menar (5 April 1838–6 August 1899) was a Baltic German ornithologist.
Oskar Georg Adolf Hoffmann (Russian: Оскар Адольфович Гофман; 5 February 1851, Dorpat – 3 March 1912, Saint Petersburg) was a Baltic-German painter from Estonia.
Oskar Kallas (in Kirikuküla, Saaremaa – 26 January 1946 in Stockholm) was an Estonian diplomat, linguist and folklorist.
Oskar Luts (– 23 March 1953) was an Estonian writer and playwright.
Ostrov (also given as Gorokhovka) is an air base in Pskov Oblast, Russia located 7 km southeast of Ostrov and 57 km south of Pskov.
Doctor Oswald Schmiedeberg (10 October 1838 – 12 July 1921) was a Baltic German pharmacologist.
Ott Sepp (born 29 June 1982) is an Estonian actor, singer, writer and television presenter.
Rudolf Gottfried Otto Harnack (23 November 1857, in Erlangen – 22 March 1914, near Besigheim) was a German literary historian, best known for his writings on Johann Wolfgang von Goethe.
Otto II (– 27 March 1428) was a Duke of Pomerania-Stettin from the House of Griffins.
Otto Liiv (in Narva – 10 December 1942 in Tartu) was an Estonian historian and archivist.
Otto Wilhelm Masing (in Lohusuu, Kreis Dorpat, Livland Governorate – in Äksi, Livland Governorate) was an early Baltic German Estophile and a major advocate of peasant rights, especially regarding education.
Otto Wilhelm von Struve (May 7, 1819 (Julian calendar: April 25) – April 14, 1905) was a Russian astronomer.
Paavo Nõgene (born 13 March 1980 in Tartu) is an Estonian producer and government official.
Paju is a village in Valga Parish, Valga County in southern Estonia.
Pajualuse is a village in Jõhvi Parish, Ida-Viru County in northeastern Estonia.
The Palace of Justice (Latvijas Tiesu pils) is a set of courthouses and administrative buildings in Riga.
Pantokraator is an Estonian band that blends elements of progressive rock and folk music.
Paraphrase E is one of a series of avant-garde drawings called paraphrases by Ado Vabbe in the Tartu Art Museum.
The Party of Estonian Christian Democrats (Erakond Eesti Kristlikud Demokraadid), formerly known as the Estonian Christian People's Party (Eesti Kristlik Rahvapartei) was a political party in Estonia, which is not represented in the Riigikogu (parliament).
Pastaku is a village in Elva Parish, Valga County in southeastern Estonia.
Patriarch Alexy II (or Alexius II, Патриарх Алексий II; secular name Alexey Mikhailovich von Ridiger Алексе́й Миха́йлович Ри́дигер; 23 February 1929 – 5 December 2008) was the 15th Patriarch of Moscow and all Rus', the primate of the Russian Orthodox Church.
Paul Ariste (3 February 1905 – 2 February 1990) was an Estonian linguist renowned for his studies of the Finno-Ugric languages (especially Estonian and Votic), Yiddish and Baltic Romani language.
Paul Hoffmann (July 1, 1884 – March 9, 1962) was a German neurophysiologist, chiefly known for describing Hoffmann's sign.
Paul Keres (January 7, 1916June 5, 1975) was an Estonian chess grandmaster and chess writer.
Paul Maitla (born Paul Mathiesen; Postimees March 27, 1913 – May 10, 1945) was an Estonian commander in the German Waffen-SS during World War II.
Paul Viiding (22 May 1904 – 27 June 1962) was an Estonian poet, author and literary critic.
Pärnu (Pernau) is the fourth-largest city in Estonia.
Pärnu Airport (Pärnu lennujaam) is an airport in Estonia.
Pärnu Postimees is a newspaper published in Estonia.
Põlva is a town in southeastern Estonia, the capital of Põlva County, and the centre of Põlva Parish.
Pearn "Peter" Niiler (1937, Tartu, Estonia, – 15 October 2010, San Diego) was an American oceanographer.
Pechorsky District (Печо́рский райо́н) is an administrativeLaw #833-oz and municipalLaw #420-oz district (raion), one of the twenty-four in Pskov Oblast, Russia.
Pechory (Печо́ры; Estonian and Seto: Petseri) is a town and the administrative center of Pechorsky District in Pskov Oblast, Russia.
Peep Lassmann (born 19 March 1948 in Tartu) is an Estonian pianist trained at the Moscow Conservatory under Emil Gilels who has served as the rector of the Estonian Academy of Music and Theatre since 1992.
Peeter Kümmel (born April 11, 1982 in Tartu) is an Estonian cross-country skier who has competed since 2001.
Peeter Pere (born June 15, 1957 in Tartu) is a notable Estonian architect and artist.
Peeter Vähi (born 18 May 1955, Tartu) is a classical Estonian composer.
Peeter Volkonski (born 12 September 1954 in Tallinn) is an Estonian rock-musician, composer, actor, and theatre director.
Peipsiveere Nature Reserve (Peipsiveere looduskaitseala) is a nature reserve in Tartu County, Estonia, located around the estuary of the Emajõgi River, on the southwestern coast of Lake Peipus.
The People's Union of Estonia (Eestimaa Rahvaliit) was a political party in Estonia, its last leader being Margo Miljand.
Peri is a village in Põlva Parish, Põlva County in southeastern Estonia.
Peter Andreas Hansen (born December 8, 1795 Tønder, Schleswig, Denmark – died March 28, 1874 Gotha, Thuringia, Germany) was a Danish German astronomer.
Peter Carl Ludwig Schwarz (Julian, O.S.: 23 May 1822, Danzig-Gdańsk – 17 September 1894; Gregorian, N.S.: 4 June 1822 - 29 September 1894,Observatory (1894), p. 376. St. George's?; Buried: Tartu) (referred to mostly as Ludwig Schwarz), was a Baltic German astronomerAmur catalog entry of 2 maps.
Peter Hermann Stillmark (22 July 1860, Penza, Russia – 23 June 1923, Pärnu, Estonia) was a Baltic-German microbiologist.
Petrok Maly, also known as Petrok Maly Fryazin (Петрок Малый Фрязин, lit. Peter Junior) (? - c. 1539), was an Italian architect, who arrived in Moscow together with the envoys of Pope Clement VII in 1528.
Philipp Schall von Bell (died 1560) was the commander-in-chief (Landmarschall) of the Livonian Order forces during the first two years of the Livonian War (1558–1583).
The Wild Pig Cam or Pigcam (notsukaamera), officially Forest Webcam (Metsakaamera), also known as Pig TV (Sea-TV) was a joint project of looduskalender.ee and EENet involving a publicly accessible webcam placed near a wild game feeding area in a forest near Tartu, Estonia.
Pikknurme is a village in Põltsamaa Parish, Jõgeva County in Estonia.
Pikne (also Piken or Pikker: the long one) is the god of lightning in Estonian mythology.
Pipedrive is a cloud-based sales software company with offices in Tallinn and Tartu, Estonia; New York City, New York; Lisbon, Portugal and London, United Kingdom.
Piret Kalda (born 4 February 1966) is an Estonian stage, television and film actress.
Piret Laurimaa (born 3 November 1971), is an Estonian stage, television, radio and film actress.
Piusa is a village in Orava Parish, Põlva County, in southeastern Estonia.
A planetarium (plural planetaria or planetariums) is a theatre built primarily for presenting educational and entertaining shows about astronomy and the night sky, or for training in celestial navigation.
Platon, born Paul Kulbusch (also spelled Kuhlbusch or Kuldbush; – 14 January 1919) was an Estonian bishop and the first Orthodox saint of Estonian ethnicity.
Polina Sergeevna Shmatko (Полина Сергеевна Шматко, born March 26, 2003 in Moscow, Russia) is a Russian individual rhythmic gymnast.
Below is list of Polish language exonyms for places in non-Polish-speaking areas of Europe.
The Polish–Swedish War (1600–11) was a continuation of struggle between Sweden and Poland over control of Livonia and Estonia, as well as the dispute over the Swedish throne between Charles IX of Sweden and Sigismund III of Poland.
The Polish–Swedish War (1621–26) was another war in the series of conflicts between the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth and the Swedish Empire (see Polish–Swedish wars).
The Polish–Swedish Wars were a series of wars between the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth and Sweden.
This is a survey of the postage stamps and postal history of Estonia.
Postimees (The Postman) is an Estonian daily newspaper established on January 1, 1857, by Johann Voldemar Jannsen.
The President of the Republic of Estonia (Eesti Vabariigi President) is the head of state of the Republic of Estonia.
Priidu Beier (pseudonyms: Matti Moguči, Pierre Bezuhhov; born 16 October 1957 in Tartu) is an Estonian poet and teacher.
Priit Viks (born January 7, 1982 in Tartu) is a retired Estonian biathlete.
Primus AB is a manufacturer of portable cooking devices and outdoor stoves based in Stockholm, Sweden.
Prince Ernst Heinrich of Saxony, Duke of Saxony (Ernst Heinrich Ferdinand Franz Joseph Otto Maria Melchiades, Prinz von Sachsen, Herzog zu Sachsen) (9 December 1896 in Dresden, Kingdom of Saxony – 14 June 1971 in Neckarhausen, Baden-Württemberg, West Germany) was a member of the Saxon Royal Family.
The Pro Patria Union (Isamaaliit, meaning literally Fatherland Union) was a national conservative political party in Estonia.
Prostitution in Estonia is legal in itself, but organized prostitution is illegal.
Provisional Land Council of Courland (Latvian: Kurzemes Pagaidu zemes padome, Russian: Временный земский совет Курляндской губернии) was created on April 27, 1917 in Tartu as the representative organ of Courland Governorate.
Pskov (p; see also names in other languages) is a city and the administrative center of Pskov Oblast, Russia, located about east from the Estonian border, on the Velikaya River.
Pskov Oblast (Пско́вская о́бласть) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast), located in the west of the country.
Pskovsky District (Пско́вский райо́н) is an administrativeLaw #833-oz and municipalLaw #419-oz district (raion), one of the twenty-four in Pskov Oblast, Russia.
Public transport in Tallinn consists of bus, tram, trolleybus, train and ferry services.
Clement Ivanov (born March 6, 1990) is an Estonian professional Dota 2 player from Tartu, currently playing for Team Secret.
Puurmani manor (Puurmani mõis) is a historical manor located in the village of Puurmani, Jõgeva County, Estonia.
Icosagen is a biotechnology company in Estonia providing medical diagnostics services and performing custom research programs for the biopharmaceutical industry.
Raadi Airfield (Tartu Air Base) is a former air base in Estonia located northeast of Tartu.
The Raadi cemetery, Raadi kalmistu) is the oldest and largest burial ground in Tartu, Estonia, dating back to 1773. Many prominent historical figures are buried there. It is also the largest Baltic German cemetery in Estonia after the destruction of Kopli cemetery in Tallinn. Until 1841, it was the only cemetery in the town. The cemetery currently includes several smaller graveyard sections, the oldest of which date back to 1773.
Raadi Manor (Raadi Ratshof) was in the area known as Raadi-Kruusamäe, on the outskirts of Tartu in Estonia.
Raadi-Kruusamäe, or Raadi for short, is a neighbourhood of Tartu, Estonia.
Raasiku is a small borough (alevik) in Raasiku Parish, Harju County, Estonia, with a population of 1,378 (2017).
Raavitsa (also known as Raavitse) is a village in Karula Parish, Valga County, in southeastern Estonia.
Rafał Leszczyński (October 1579 – 29 March 1636) was a Polish–Lithuanian noble and Imperial count.
Rafael Waldemar Erich (10 June 1879 in Turku – 19 February 1946 in Helsinki) was a Finnish politician from the National Coalition Party, Professor, diplomat, and Prime Minister of Finland.
Rahinge is a village in Tähtvere Parish, Tartu County, Estonia.
Rahva Raamat is the largest retail and wholesale bookseller in Estonia.
Rail Baltica (in Estonia also known as Rail Baltic and the Baltic part referred to as the Rail Baltica Global Project) is a greenfield railway infrastructure project to link Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland with a European standard gauge rail line, providing passenger and freight service between the countries and improving rail connections between Central and Northern Europe as well as acting as a catalyst for building the economic corridor in the Northeastern Europe.
The rail transport system in Estonia consists of about of railway lines, of which are currently in public use.
Raine Loo (born 28 March 1945), is an Estonian stage, television and film actress.
Rainer Kattel (born 20 March 1974) is an Estonian academic and science administrator.
Rait Rikberg (born 30 August 1982) is an Estonian volleyball player, a member of the Estonia men's national volleyball team who plays for his hometown club Bigbank Tartu.
Raivo Puusepp (born 21 March 1960) is an Estonian architect.
Raketa (Раке́та, Rocket) was the first type of hydrofoil boats commercially produced in the Soviet Union.
Rakett69 is an Estonian science competition show, broadcast by Estonian Television and funded by the Estonian Research Council.
Rakvere (Wesenberg or Wesenbergh) is a town in northern Estonia and the county seat of Lääne-Viru County, 20 km south of the Gulf of Finland.
Rally Estonia (officially Shell Helix Rally Estonia) is a rallying event organised each year in Estonia.
Rasmus Kaljujärv (born March 28, 1981 in Tartu) is an Estonian actor.
Rasmus Mägi (born 4 May 1992) is an Estonian hurdler.
A rat king is a collection of rats whose tails are intertwined and bound together by one of several possible mechanisms, such as entangling material like hair or sticky substances like sap or gum.
Ratmir Dmitrievich Kholmov (Russian: Ратмир Дмитриевич Холмов) (13 May 1925 in Shenkursk – 18 February 2006 in Moscow) was a Russian chess Grandmaster.
Raud-Ants is an Estonian folk metal band from Viljandi that was formed in 2002.
Raudsild (Iron Bridge) was a footbridge across Emajõgi in Tartu, Estonia, which was opened on 3 June 1993, and dismantled again in 2007.
Raul Olle (born 23 January 1968 in Tartu) is an Estonian cross-country skier.
Räni is a small borough in Kambja Parish, Tartu County in southern Estonia, it is located on the southwestern side of the city of Tartu.
Ränilinn (Estonian for "Silicon Town") is a neighbourhood of Tartu, Estonia.
The recorder is a woodwind musical instrument in the group known as internal duct flutes—flutes with a whistle mouthpiece.
Reena Koll (born 15 November 1996) is an Estonian pole vaulter.
Nazi Germany established the Reichskommissariat Ostland (RKO) in 1941 as the civilian occupation regime in the Baltic states (Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania), the northeastern part of Poland and the west part of the Belarusian SSR during World War II.
Rein Järlik (né Ullo Järlik (until 1937); born 8 October 1935, Tartu) is a former Estonian politician and television journalist.
Rein Lang (born 4 July 1957) is an Estonian politician, a member of the Estonian Reform Party since 1995, and a diplomat.
Rein Maran (born 13 September 1931, Tartu) is an Estonian cinematographer, director, and professor, most notable for teaching at Tallinn University.
Rein Otsason (24 May 1931 in Tartu, Estonia – 30 October 2004 in Tallinn, Estonia) was an Estonian banker.
Rein Taagepera (born 28 February 1933) is an Estonian political scientist and former politician.
Rein Taaramäe (born April 24, 1987) is an Estonian road bicycle racer, currently riding for UCI Professional Continental team.
Reinhold von Buxhoeveden (died 1557) was bishop of the Bishopric of Saare-Lääne or Ösel–Wiek (Saare-Lääne piiskopkond; Bistum Ösel–Wiek; Low German: Bisdom Ösel–Wiek; contemporary Ecclesia Osiliensis), a semi-independent Roman Catholic prince-bishopric in what is now Saare, Hiiu and Lääne counties of Estonia, from 1532 to 1541.
Reola is a village in Kambja Parish, Tartu County, Estonia.
Riga (Rīga) is the capital and largest city of Latvia.
The Riga Bridge (Riia sild in Estonian) is a railway bridge that crosses the Velikaya River at Pskov, Russia.
Riho Suun (born 27 April 1960 in Tartu) is a former Estonian cyclist.
Riho Terras (born 17 April 1967) is an Estonian Army general who currently serves as the Commander of the Estonian Defence Forces.
Riin Tamm (born 12 August 1981) is an Estonian geneticist working at the University of Tartu, and a science popularizer.
Rimma Nikitichna Brailovskaya (14 April 1877, Tartu, Russian Empire – 28 September 1959, Rome, Italy) was a Russian painter.
Risto Kübar (born 4 December 1983) is an Estonian stage, voice and film actor.
Robert Vaidlo (14 February 1921 in Tartu – 1 October 2004) was an Estonian journalist and children's writer.
A robotic competition is an event where robots have to accomplish a task.
Roland Lessing (born April 14, 1978 in Tartu) is an Estonian biathlete.
Rolf Roosalu, also known as Rolf Junior (born 18 January 1982 in Tartu), is an Estonian singer who has participated in a number of musicals.
Diocese of Leal or Bishopric of Estonia was the name of the main Latin diocese in Estonia during the early Catholic missionary phase.
Ropka is a neighbourhood of Tartu, Estonia.
The Ropka industrial district (Estonian: Ropka tööstusrajoon) is a neighbourhood of Tartu, Estonia.
Rudolf Kobert (3 January 1854 – 27 December 1918) was a German pharmacologist and toxicologist born in Bitterfeld.
Rudolf Tobias (– 29 October 1918) was the first Estonian professional composer, as well as a professional organist.
Rugby league is a team sport emerging in Estonia.
The Russian Empire (Российская Империя) or Russia was an empire that existed across Eurasia and North America from 1721, following the end of the Great Northern War, until the Republic was proclaimed by the Provisional Government that took power after the February Revolution of 1917.
The population of Russians in Estonia is estimated at 320,000, most of whom live in the urban areas of Harju and Ida-Viru counties.
Russians in the Baltic states describes self-identifying ethnic Russians and other primary Russian-speaking communities in Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania, commonly referred to collectively as the Baltic states.
The Russo-Swedish War of 1656–1658 was fought by Russia and Sweden as a theater of the Second Northern War.
Ruthenia (Рѹ́сь (Rus) and Рѹ́сьскаѧ землѧ (Rus'kaya zemlya), Ῥωσία, Rus(s)ia, Ruscia, Ruzzia, Rut(h)enia, Roxolania, Garðaríki) is a proper geographical exonym for Kievan Rus' and other, more local, historical states.
Ruut Tarmo (26 April 1896 – 28 January 1967) was an Estonian stage and film actor and stage director whose career spanned more than five decades.
Saadjärve is a village in Tartu Parish, Tartu County in Estonia.
Saaremaa (Danish: Øsel; English (esp. traditionally): Osel; Finnish: Saarenmaa; Swedish & German: Ösel) is the largest island in Estonia, measuring.
Saiakopli is a village in Tapa Parish, Lääne-Viru County, in northeastern Estonia.
Saint Petersburg Governorate (Санкт-Петербу́ргская губе́рния, Sankt-Peterburgskaya guberniya), or Government of Saint Petersburg, was an administrative division (a guberniya) of the Tsardom of Russia, the Russian Empire, and the Russian SFSR, which existed in 1708–1927.
Sakala County (Estonian: Sakala, Latin: Saccalia) was an ancient Estonian county first mentioned in print by Henry of Latvia in the beginning of the 13th Century.
Sale-Liis Teesalu (born 14 January 1997) is an Estonian female badminton player.
Salisbury is a city in and the county seat of Wicomico County, Maryland, United States, and the largest city in the state's Eastern Shore region.
Salme Pekkala-Dutt (Salme Anette Murrik) (29 August 1888 – 30 August 1964) was an Estonian-British communist politician, wife of Rajani Palme Dutt.
Sander Puri (born 7 May 1988) is an Estonian footballer who plays as a midfielder for League of Ireland Premier Division club Waterford and Estonia.
Sandra Nurmsalu (born 6 December 1988) is an Estonian singer, violinist and lead singer of the band Urban Symphony.
Sass Henno (born September 13, 1982 in Tartu, Estonia) is an Estonian writer.
Saul Hallap (10 December 1897 – 18 July 1941) was an Estonian middleweight weightlifter who won a world title in 1922 and placed ninth at the 1924 Summer Olympics.
The Scania OmniLine was a single-deck intercity bus manufactured by Scania between 2000 and 2009.
A school of thought (or intellectual tradition) is a collection or group of people who share common characteristics of opinion or outlook of a philosophy, discipline, belief, social movement, economics, cultural movement, or art movement.
Schutzmannschaft Battalion 33 was a unit of the Estonian Auxiliary Police subordinated to the German Ordnungspolizei during World War II.
Scott M. Rodell is a martial artist, author, and teacher of Yang-style taijiquan.
Sculptures of Swedish rulers have been created since the 17th century.
The Second Northern War (1655–60, also First or Little Northern War) was fought between Sweden and its adversaries the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth (1655–60), Russia (1656–58), Brandenburg-Prussia (1657–60), the Habsburg Monarchy (1657–60) and Denmark–Norway (1657–58 and 1658–60).
SELL Student Games is a multi-sport event that is open for all university and college students all over the world.
Semiotics (also called semiotic studies) is the study of meaning-making, the study of sign process (semiosis) and meaningful communication.
Sergej Grecicho is a Lithuanian Combat Sambo practitioner, and mixed martial artist who has won a gold medal three times at the Sambo World Championships.
Under the plan of the Russian command, in the campaign of 1656 the main blow was inflicted on Riga, where a large army led by Tsar Alexis advanced from Polotsk.
The Battle of Narva was the second Russian siege of Swedish Narva during the Great Northern War, resulting in the capture of the town by Russia on 9 August 1704, and the subsequent massacre of some of its Swedish inhabitants.
The siege of Tartu took place in 1224 and resulted in the fall of the last major center of Estonian resistance in the mainland provinces to the Christian conquest of Estonia.
The Siege of Wesenberg (Rakvere, Rakovor) was an abortive Swedish siege of the Russian-held town of Wesenberg in Estonia from January through March 1574, during the Livonian War.
Sigismund III Vasa (also known as Sigismund III of Poland, Zygmunt III Waza, Sigismund, Žygimantas Vaza, English exonym: Sigmund; 20 June 1566 – 30 April 1632 N.S.) was King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania, monarch of the united Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth from 1587 to 1632, and King of Sweden (where he is known simply as Sigismund) from 1592 as a composite monarchy until he was deposed in 1599.
Signy Aarna (born 4 October 1990) is an Estonian footballer who plays as a forward for Finnish club Pallokissat and for the Estonia national team.
Siim Avi (born 22 July 1984 in Tartu) is an Estonian lawyer and current elder of Piirissaare Parish.
Siim Kabrits (born 4 July 1979 in Tartu), is an Estonian politician and entrepreneur, and a former member of the Riigikogu.
Siim Roops (born 4 March 1986 in Tartu) is an Estonian footballer.
Siim Tenno (born 4 August 1990) is an Estonian footballer who plays for German Oberliga Niedersachsen club MTV Gifhorn as a midfielder.
Siim-Sander Vene (born 12 November 1990) is an Estonian professional basketball player for Pallacanestro Varese of the Lega Basket Serie A (LBA).
Siiri Vallner (born 9 April 1972) is an Estonian architect.
Silja Suija (born 15 June 1974) is an Estonian cross-country skier.
Silver Eensaar (born 29 July 1978 in Tartu) is an Estonian orienteer, rogainer and adventure racer.
Silver Meikar (born February 12, 1978) is an Estonian human rights activist, a freelance journalist and founder of the Estonian Institute of Digital Rights.
Silvi Vrait (28 April 1951 – 28 June 2013) was an Estonian singer and music teacher.
Simmu Tiik (born 19 February 1959 in Tartu) is an Estonian diplomat and is the current Ambassador of the Republic of Estonia to Norway and Iceland.
Simon Brainin (July 15, 1854 in Riga, Russian Empire) was a Russian physician.
Simonas Daukantas or Szymon Dowkont (28 October 1793 – 6 December 1864) was a Lithuanian/Samogitian writer, ethnographer and prose historian.
The Singing Revolution is a commonly used name for events between 1987 and 1991 that led to the restoration of the independence of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.
Sixten Sild (born 19 June 1964 in Tartu) is an Estonian orienteering competitor, bronze medallist for the Soviet Union in the world championships, and later competing for Estonia.
Skype is a telecommunications application software product that specializes in providing video chat and voice calls between computers, tablets, mobile devices, the Xbox One console, and smartwatches via the Internet and to regular telephones.
Skype Technologies S.A.R.L (also known as Skype Software S.A.R.L, Skype Communications S.A.R.L, Skype Inc., and Skype Limited) is a telecommunications company headquartered in Luxembourg City, Luxembourg and Palo Alto, CA, United States, whose chief business is the manufacturing and marketing of the video chat and instant messaging computer software program Skype, and various Internet telephony services associated with it.
The Slavic Native Faith, also known as Rodnovery, is a modern Pagan religion.
The Society of Estonian Literati (Eesti Kirjameeste Selts - EKmS) was an influential association of Estonian intellectuals based in Tartu between the years 1871 and 1893.
Soltsy-2 (also spelled Sol'tsy, Soltsy, Solcy, Solcy 2) is an air base in Novgorod Oblast, Russia located 2 km north of Soltsy and 72 km southwest of Novgorod.
Soodoma is a village in Kanepi Parish, Põlva County in southeastern Estonia.
Zoe Palaiologina (Ζωή Παλαιολογίνα), who later changed her name to Sophia Palaiologina (София Фоминична Палеолог; ca. 1440/49. – 7 April 1503), was a Byzantine princess, member of the Imperial Palaiologos family by marriage, Grand Princess of Moscow as the second wife of Grand Prince Ivan III.
The Soviet westward offensive of 1918–1919 was part of the campaign by the proto-Soviet Union into areas abandoned by the Ober Ost garrisons that were being withdrawn to Germany following that country's defeat in World War I. The initially successful offensive against the Republic of Estonia ignited the Estonian War of Independence which ended with the Soviet recognition of Estonia.
Squatting is the action of occupying an abandoned or unoccupied area of land or a building, usually residential, that the squatter does not own, rent or otherwise have lawful permission to use.
Stanisław Bułak-Bałachowicz (Станіслаў Булак-Балаховіч, Станисла́в Була́к-Балахо́вич; 12 November 1883 – 28 November 1940) was a notable general, military commander and veteran of World War I, Russian Civil War, Estonian War of Independence, Polish-Bolshevik War and the Invasion of Poland at the start of World War II.
Stanisław-Adam Stempowski (January 27, 1870 – January 11, 1952) was a Polish-Ukrainian politician and Grand Master of the National Grand Lodge of Poland.
Stella Arbenina, Baroness Meyendorff (27 September 1884 – 26 April 1976) was a Russian-born English actress.
Stephen P. Stich (born May 9, 1943) is a professor of Philosophy and Cognitive Science at Rutgers University, as well as an Honorary Professor in Philosophy at the University of Sheffield.
Street art is visual art created in public locations, usually unsanctioned artwork executed outside of the context of traditional art venues.
The Struve family (pronounced in German, in Russian) were a dynasty of five generations of astronomers from the 18th to 20th centuries.
The Struve Geodetic Arc is a chain of survey triangulations stretching from Hammerfest in Norway to the Black Sea, through ten countries and over 2,820 km, which yielded the first accurate measurement of a meridian.
Student Society Liivika (ÜS Liivika) is an Estonian student society.
Sulev Vahtre (July 6, 1926 – August 31, 2007) was an eminent Estonian historian.
Supilinn (Estonian for "Soup Town") is a neighbourhood of Tartu, Estonia.
The Supreme Court of Estonia (Riigikohus) is the court of last resort in Estonia.
Sven Jürgenson (born 2 April 1962 in Tartu) is an Estonian diplomat.
Sven Mikser (born 8 November 1973 in Tartu) is an Estonian politician.
Below is list of Swedish language exonyms for places in non-Swedish-speaking areas of the world.
The invasion of Russia by Charles XII of Sweden was a campaign undertaken during the Great Northern War between Sweden and the allied states of Russia, Poland, and Denmark.
The Taara Army Base (Taara sõjaväelinnak) is a military installation of the Estonian Defence Forces located in Võru, in South Estonia.
Taijo Teniste (born 31 January 1988) is an Estonian professional footballer who plays as a full back for Eliteserien club Brann and the Estonia national team.
Tallinn (or,; names in other languages) is the capital and largest city of Estonia.
Tallinn Airport (Tallinna lennujaam) or Lennart Meri Tallinn Airport (Lennart Meri Tallinna lennujaam) is the largest airport in Estonia and serves as a hub for the national airline Nordica, as well as the secondary hub for AirBaltic and LOT Polish Airlines.
The Tallinn Offensive (Таллинская наступательная операция) was a strategic offensive by the Red Army's 2nd Shock and 8th Armies and the Baltic Fleet against the German Army Detachment ''Narwa'' and Estonian units in mainland Estonia on the Eastern Front of World War II on 17–26 September 1944.
Tallinn Synagogue, (Tallinna sünagoog), also known as Beit Bella Synagogue, is located in Estonia’s capital city.
Established in 1918, Tallinn University of Technology (TTÜ; Tallinna Tehnikaülikool, abbreviated TTÜ) is the only technical university in Estonia.
The Tallinn-Narva railway is located in Northern Estonia, Estonia and is the oldest railway (built in 1870) in Estonia with a total length of 211km.
| The Tallinn–Tapa railway is a long double track partly electrified railway line in Estonia, connecting the cities of Tallinn and Tapa.
Tamme Stadium (Tamme staadion) is a multi-purpose stadium in Tartu, Estonia, located in the district of Tammelinn.
Tammelinn (Estonian for "Oak Town") is a neighbourhood of Tartu, Estonia.
Tampere (Swedish: Tammerfors) is a city in Pirkanmaa, southern Finland.
Tamsalu is a town in Lääne-Viru County, Estonia, it is the administrative centre of Tamsalu Parish.
Tanel Joamets (born 14 September 1968 in Tartu) is an Estonian pianist.
Tanel Tein (born 10 January 1978) is an Estonian retired professional basketball player.
Tatjana Mihhailova-Saar (Татьяна Михайлова, born 19 June 1983), better known as Tanja or Tanja Mihhailova is a Russian-Estonian pop singer and actress.
Tapa is a town in Tapa Parish, Lääne-Viru County, Estonia.
Tarmo Jallai (30 January 1979) is a retired Estonian track and field athlete who competed in the 2004 Summer Olympic Games in Athens where he finished in 37th place in the men's 110 metres hurdles event.
Tarmo Linnumäe (born 11 November 1971) is a retired Estonian footballer, who played as a midfielder.
Tarmo Mitt (born 22 May 1977) is an Estonian professional strongman competitor and regular entrant to the World's Strongest Man competition.
Tartu is the second largest city in Estonia.
Tartu Academy of Theology (Tartu Teoloogia Akadeemia) is a private university in Tartu, Estonia, founded on 16 September 1992.
Tartu Airport (Tartu lennujaam), is an airport in Reola, Ülenurme Parish, south southwest of Tartu, the second largest city in Estonia.
Tartu Art College (Tartu Kõrgem Kunstikool, TKK) is a university of applied sciences that provides art education in Tartu, Estonia.
Tartu Art Museum is a state-owned museum of art located in Tartu, Estonia.
Tartu Art School (Tartu Kunstikool) is an upper secondary vocational art school in the city of Tartu, Estonia.
Tartu Ülikool Fauna is an Estonian football club based in Tartu.
Tartu Big Diamonds was an Estonian professional ice hockey team who played in the Latvian Hockey League (Samsung premjerliga).
Tartu Cathedral (Tartu toomkirik), earlier also known as Dorpat Cathedral (Dorpater Domkirche), is a former Catholic church in Tartu (Dorpat), Estonia.
Tartu College is an independently owned and maintained student residence on the north side of Bloor Street West, just east of Madison Avenue, in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Tartu County (Tartu maakond), or Tartumaa (Kreis Dorpat), is one of 15 counties of Estonia.
Tartu FC Merkuur is an Estonian amateur football club founded in 2013 and located in Tartu.
The Tartu GP was a one-day road cycling race in Tartu, Estonia.
Tartu Health Care College (Tartu Tervishoiu kõrgkool) is a higher education institution providing training to healthcare specialists in Estonia.
Tartu JK Merkuur was an Estonian football club based in Tartu.
Jalgpallikool Tammeka, commonly known as Tammeka Tartu or simply Tammeka, is a football club, based in Tartu, Estonia, that competes in the Meistriliiga, the top flight of Estonian football.
Tartu JK Tammeka ladies' team is an Estonian women's association football club from Tartu.
Tartu JK Tammeka U21 is the reserve team of JK Tammeka Tartu, an Estonian football club.
Tartu Jalgpalliklubi Welco is a semi-professional football club based in Tartu, Estonia.
Kalev-Välk is an ice hockey team located in Tartu, Estonia, and playing in the Meistriliiga, the top tier of the Estonian hockey league system.
Tartu Karlova Gymnaasium (Estonian: Tartu Karlova Gümnaasium; abbreviated as TKG) is a secondary school in Tartu, Estonia.
The Tartu Linna-tütarlastekool (German: Städttöcherschule zu Dorpat) was a girls' school active in Tartu in Estonia between 1804 and 1893.
Tartu Ski Marathon (Tartu maraton) is a long-distance cross-country skiing competition, held annually in Estonia, on third Sunday of February.
Tartu Mill AS (prior to 2010 Tartu Veski AS) is a milling company in Estonia and the largest milling company in the Baltic states.
The Tartu Observatory (Tartu Observatoorium) is the largest astronomical observatory in Estonia.
The Tartu Offensive Operation (Тартуская наступательная операция), also known as the Battle of Tartu (Tartu lahing) and the Battle of Emajõgi (Emajõe lahingud, Schlacht am Embach) was a campaign fought over southeastern Estonia in 1944.
Tartu railway station (Tartu raudteejaam) is the main railway station in Tartu, Estonia.
Tartu Rugby Klubi Lelo is an Estonian rugby club in Tartu.
Tartu SK 10 was an Estonian football club, playing in the town of Tartu.
Tartu Town Hall (Tartu raekoda) is the seat of the city government of Tartu, Estonia.
Tartu Toy Museum (Tartu Mänguasjamuuseum) is the biggest toy museum in the Baltic States, located in Tartu, Estonia.
The Tartu TV Mast (Soinaste telemast) is a truss tower located in Tammelinn, Tartu, Estonia.
The Tartu University Clinic (Tartu Ülikooli Kliinikum) is a healthcare and medical teaching service in Tartu, Estonia, and a subsidiary of the Tartu University.
Tartu University Hospital Children’s Foundation (Tartu Ülikooli Kliinikumi Lastefond) is one of the largest and oldest charitable foundations in Estonia that provides support for the programs and initiatives of children’s hospitals.
Tartu University Library is an academic library in Tartu, Estonia, belonging to the University of Tartu.
Tartu Vangla is a prison located in the Ropka industrial district suburb of Tartu in Estonia.
BIGBANK Tartu is an Estonian professional volleyball club based in Tartu, Estonia, that competes in the Baltic Men Volleyball League.
The Tarvasjõgi is a river in Estonia.
Tatiana Warsher (1880–1960) was a Russian archaeologist known for her studies of Pompeii, especially her 40-volume Codex Topographicus Pompeianus.
Tähtvere is a neighbourhood of Tartu, Estonia.
Tähtvere Parish was a rural municipality in Tartu County, Estonia.
Tõnis Kimmel (born January 22, 1977 in Tallinn) is an Estonian architect.
Tõnis Kint (– 5 January 1991) was an Estonian politician.
Tõnis Lukas (born 5 June 1962 in Tallinn) is an Estonian politician.
Tõnis Mägi (born 19 November 1948 in Tallinn) is an Estonian singer, guitarist, composer and actor.
Tõnu Õnnepalu (born 13 September 1962), also known by the pen names Emil Tode and Anton Nigov, is an Estonian poet, author and translator.
Tõnu Kilgas (born 13 August 1954), is an Estonian singer (baritone) and stage, film, voice, and television actor.
Tõnu Sepp (born June 14, 1946) is an Estonian music teacher and a figure in early music.
Tõravere is a small borough (alevik) in Nõo Parish, Tartu County, in southern Estonia.
Tālava was a Latgalian county in the northern Vidzeme and northern Latgale region of today's Latvia.
A technoparade (the word is German) is a parade of vehicles equipped with strong loudspeakers and amplifiers playing Electronic dance music.
Telephone numbers in Estonia follow a closed telephone numbering plan.
Television in Estonia was introduced in 1955, following the Soviet government's decision to establish a television station in 1953.
Teodor Lippmaa (17 November 1892 in Riga – 27 January 1943 in Tartu) was a noted Estonian botanist.
Thaddeus Venediktovich Bulgarin (Фаддей Венедиктович Булгарин; Polish Jan Tadeusz Krzysztof Bulharyn, &ndash), was a Russian writer, journalist and publisher of Polish, Bulgarian and Albanian ancestry.
Taara (variations of the name include Tooru, Tharapita and Tarapitha) is a prominent god in Estonian mythology.
The Holocaust in Estonia refers to the Nazi crimes during the occupation of Estonia by Nazi Germany.
The Humans are a rock band featuring singer Toyah Willcox, former REM drummer Bill Rieflin and musician Chris Wong.
The Phantom of the Opera is a musical with music by Andrew Lloyd Webber and lyrics by Charles Hart and Richard Stilgoe.
The Same River (Estonian: Seesama jõgi) is a semi-autobiographical novel by Estonian author Jaan Kaplinski.
The Singles Tour was a 1998 concert tour by English electronic band Depeche Mode in support of the act's singles compilation album, The Singles 86>98, which was released in September 1998.
The Skys are a Lithuanian classic/prog rock band, established on 10 November 1995.
Theodor Ackermann (17 September 1825 – 22 November 1896) was a German pathologist born in Wismar.
Theodor Friedrich Julius Basiner (3 January 1816–14 October 1862) was a Baltic German botanist who lived and worked mainly in Imperial Russia.
Theodor Georg Andreas Molien (Fedor Eduardovich Molin; in Riga – 25 December 1941 in Tomsk) was a Baltic-German mathematician.
Theodosius Harnack (3 January 1817, Saint Petersburg – 23 September 1889, Tartu) was a Baltic German theologian.
Theophil Joachim Heinrich Bienert (3 May 1833 – 5 April 1873) was a Baltic German botanist who lived and worked mainly in Imperial Russia.
Thomas Clausen (January 16, 1801, Snogbæk, Sottrup Municipality, Duchy of Schleswig (now Denmark) – May 23, 1885, Derpt, Imperial Russia (now Estonia)) was a Danish mathematician and astronomer.
Tiesenhausen is the name of a Baltic German nobility family.
Tiidrek Nurme (born 11 November 1985) is an Estonian long and middle-distance runner, the current national record holder of the 1500 metres and 3000 metres.
Tiit Lilleorg (born 25 November 1941) is an Estonian stage, film and television actor and co-founder and director of the Ida Dance School.
Tiit Sokk (born November 15, 1964) is a retired Estonian professional basketball player and the current coach of the Estonian national basketball team.
Tiit Sukk (born 21 November 1974) is an Estonian stage, television, voice, and film actor, director and television presenter.
Tiit Tikerpe (born September 7, 1965 in Tartu) is an Estonian sprint canoer who competed in the early 1990s.
Tiit Trummal (born 18 July 1954 in Tartu) is a notable Estonian architect.
This is a timeline of Estonian history, comprising important legal and territorial changes and political events in Estonia and its predecessor states.
This is an timeline of the Independence of Finland.
This is a timeline of events that occurred during 1944 in World War II.
Timo Toots (born 15 September 1982, Tartu) is an Estonians artist, mainly active in the field of interactive art and new media art.
Tio Tepandi (real name Tiiu Tepandi; born 24 November 1947) is an Estonian artist.
Todd Siler, PhD (born August 23, 1953) is an American multimedia artist, author, educator, and inventor, equally well known for his art and for his work in creativity research.
Tony Vincent (born Anthony Peter Strascina, July 25, 1973) is an American actor, producer singer and songwriter based out of New York City, New York.
Toomas Liivak (born 10 September 1970) is an Estonian retired professional basketball player.
Toomas Savi (born 30 December 1942 in Tartu, Estonia) is an Estonian politician and in 2004-2009 was a Member of the European Parliament for the Estonian Reform Party, part of the European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party.
Town Hall Square may refer to:;Austria.
Toy museums are museums for toys.
Lewis Carroll’s Alice's Adventures in Wonderland has been translated into 174 languages.
Transport in Estonia relies mainly on road and rail networks.
The Treaty or Peace of Pozvol, Pasvalys or Pozwol was a peace treaty and an alliance concluded on 5 and 14 September 1557 between the Livonian Confederation and the Polish-Lithuanian union, whereby the former put its territories under Polish-Lithuanian protection.
The Treaty of Stuhmsdorf (Stilleståndet i Stuhmsdorf) or Sztumska Wieś (Rozejm w Sztumskiej Wsi) was a treaty signed on 12 September 1635 between the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth and Sweden in the village of Stuhmsdorf, Royal Prussia (now Sztumska Wieś, Poland), just south of Stuhm (Sztum).
The Treaties of Tartu were peace treaties between the Russian SFSR on one side and newly independent Estonia and Finland, which had previously been parts of Imperial Russia, on the other.
Tartu Peace Treaty (Tartu rahu, literally "Tartu peace") or Treaty of Tartu is a peace treaty between Estonia and Soviet Russia signed on February 2, 1920 ending the Estonian War of Independence.
The Treaty of Tartu (italic, Tarton rauha) between Finland and Soviet Russia was signed on 14 October 1920 after negotiations that lasted four months.
The Treaty of Valiesar (Vallisaare vaherahu, Валиесарский договор 1658) was a treaty between Russia and Sweden, which concluded the Russo–Swedish theater of the Second Northern War.
The Treaty of Vilnius or Vilna was concluded on 28 November 1561, during the Livonian War, between the Livonian Confederation and the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth at Vilnius (Vilna, Wilna, Wilno).
Triin Tobi (born June 3, 1995) is an alpine skier from Estonia.
Trivimi Velliste (born 4 May 1947, in Tartu, Estonia) is an Estonian politician who served as Minister of Foreign Affairs from 1992 to 1994 and as the Estonian Ambassador to the United Nations from 1994 to 1998.
Truth and Justice (Tõde ja õigus) I-V, written in 1926–1933, is a pentalogy by Anton Hansen Tammsaare, considered to be his most famous work, and one of the foundational works in Estonian literature.
Tsirguliina is a small borough (alevik) in Tõlliste Parish, Valga County in southern Estonia, located about 13 km northeast of the town of Valga.
Tullio Ilomets (born July 13, 1921 in Paide) is an Estonian chemist, science historian and a volunteer in heritage protection.
Turku (Åbo) is a city on the southwest coast of Finland at the mouth of the Aura River, in the region of Southwest Finland.
Tyrone Smith (born 7 August 1984 in Paget Parish) is a professional Bermudian born long jumper.
Tytthus is a genus of insects in family Miridae, the plant bugs. They are carnivorous, feeding upon the eggs of various planthoppers in the family Delphacidae, and thus are important in the biological control of pests. The genus is distributed throughout the Holarctic of the Northern Hemisphere, but species are also found in the tropics, in China, South America, Australia, and the Indo-Pacific.
Group 7 of the UEFA Women's Euro 2017 qualifying competition consisted of five teams: England, Belgium, Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Estonia.
Ugandi (Latin: Ungannia or Ugaunia; Ugaunija; Low German: Uggn) was an independent county between the east coast of Lake Võrtsjärv and west coast of Lake Pskov, bordered by Vaiga, Mõhu, Nurmekund, Sakala, Tālava, and The Principality of Pskov.
Uhti is a village in Kambja Parish, Tartu County, Estonia.
Ukrainians in Estonia (Ukrainian: Українці в Естонії; Estonian: Eesti ukrainlased) are the third largest etnic group in Estonia after Estonians and Russians and number 28,000.
Uku Masing (born Hugo Albert Masing, 11 August 1909 – 25 April 1985) was an Estonian philosopher.
Ugaunians or Ugannians (ugalased) (ugauņi), referred to as Chudes by the earliest Russian chronicles were historical Finnic people inhabiting the ancient southern Estonian Ugandi County (Latin):Ungannia) (also Ugania, Ugaunia) that is now Tartu, Põlva, Võru and Valga counties of Estonia.
The Universal Declaration of the Rights of Peoples was first drafted and elaborated during three round-table conferences that were organized by the Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization (UNPO) Tartu Coordination Office on 29–30 August 1998; 31 October – 1 November 1998, and 16–17 April 1999 in Tartu and Otepää, Estonia.
The University of Helsinki (Helsingin yliopisto, Helsingfors universitet, Universitas Helsingiensis, abbreviated UH) is a university located in Helsinki, Finland since 1829, but was founded in the city of Turku (in Swedish Åbo) in 1640 as the Royal Academy of Åbo, at that time part of the Swedish Empire.
The University of Tartu (UT; Tartu Ülikool, Universitas Tartuensis) is a classical university in the city of Tartu, Estonia.
The University of Tartu Botanical Gardens (Tartu Ülikooli Botaanikaaed), is a botanical garden in Tartu, Estonia.
University of Tartu Old Observatory or Tartu Old Observatory (Tartu Tähetorn) is an observatory in Tartu, Estonia.
University of Tartu Press (Tartu Ülikooli Kirjastus) is a university press and publishing house owned by the University of Tartu, Estonia.
The University of Tartu Sports Hall (Tartu Ülikooli Spordihoone) is a multi-purpose indoor arena complex in Tartu.
Uppsala House (Uppsala maja) is one of the oldest wooden buildings in Tartu, Estonia.
Uppsala Municipality (Uppsala kommun) is a municipality in Uppsala County in east central Sweden.
Urmas Lõoke (born 12 November 1950 in Tartu) is an Estonian architect.
Urmas Muru (born August 27, 1961 in Pärnu) is a notable Estonian architect and artist.
Urmas Ott (April 23, 1955 – October 17, 2008) was an Estonian television and radio journalist, and famous talk show host in Soviet Union, Estonia and Russia.
Urmas Saaliste (born September 22, 1960 in Tartu) is an Estonian sport shooter.
Urmas Tartes (September 19, 1963) is an Estonian biologist and nature photographer.
Ursula Ratasepp (born 17 June 1982) is an Estonian stage, film and television actress.
Vahur Afanasjev (born 24 August 1979) is an Estonian writer.
Vahur Sova (born 9 April 1956 in Suure-Jaani) is an Estonian architect.
Vaikne is a lake in Estonia.
Vaino Vahing (15 February 1940 in Aravu, Põlva County – 23 March 2008 in Tartu), was an Estonian writer, prosaist, psychiatrist and playwright.
Vaksali (Estonian for "Station") is a neighbourhood of Tartu, Estonia.
Valentīna Gotovska (born 3 September 1965 in Krāslava) is a retired Latvian long jumper.
Valeriya Gansvind (born November 22, 1965 in Moscow Oblast) is an Estonian chess Woman FIDE Master.
Valga County (Valga maakond), or Valgamaa is the first-level administrative unit in Estonia and one of 15 counties of Estonia.
Valga (Walk) is a town in southern Estonia and the capital of Valga County.
Valve Pormeister née Ulm (13 April 1922 – 27 October 2002) was an Estonian landscape architect who became an architect.
Vanemuine (literal translation from Eldermost) is a theatre in Tartu, Estonia.
Vanemuine (Eldermost) is a god of music in the artificial Estonian mythology created by Friedrich Robert Faehlmann and Friedrich Reinhold Kreutzwald.
Variku is a neighbourhood of Tartu, Estonia.
Vasily Zhukovsky was the foremost Russian poet of the 1810s and a leading figure in Russian literature in the first half of the 19th century.
Vasula is a small borough (alevik) in Tartu Parish, Tartu County, in southern Estonia.
Võidupüha or Victory Day in English is a Public holiday in Estonia which takes on June 23.
Võnnu is a small borough (alevik) in Tartu County, in Kastre Parish Estonia.
The Võro Institute (Võro Instituut) is an Estonian state research and development institution dedicated to the preservation and promotion of the Võro language and culture.
Võro (võro kiil|, võru keel) is a language belonging to the Finnic branch of the Uralic languages.
Võros (Võro: võrokõsõq, pronounced, võrukesed) are inhabitants of historical Võrumaa (Vana Võromaa), a region in Southeastern Estonia (Võru and Põlva Counties with parts extending into Valga and Tartu Counties).
Veeriku is a neighbourhood of Tartu located about 2 km west of the city centre, just beyond the railway that bisects the city.
Veiko Siimar (born 6 December 1941) is an Estonian swimmer.
Veljesto (or EYS "Veljesto", EYS Veljesto) is an association of Estonian university students, founded 24 February 1920 at Tartu in Estonia.
Vello Helk (23 September 1923, Varstu, Estonia – 14 March 2014) was an eminent Danish historian of Estonian origin.
Venla Niemi (aka Venla Harju; born 10 July 1990) is a Finnish orienteering competitor.
Verevi is a village in Elva Parish, Tartu County, in southern Estonia.
Veronika Valk (born November 21, 1976 in Tallinn) is an Estonian architect.
Viire Valdma (born 29 August 1960), is an Estonian stage, television and film actress.
Viking ship replicas are one of the more common types of ship replica.
Viktor Karlovich Knorre Виктор Карлович Кнорре(4 October 1840 – 25 August 1919) was a Russian astronomer of German ethnic origin.
Viktor Masing (11 April 1925, Tartu – 18 March 2001) was an Estonian botanist and ecologist.
Viktor Puskar VR I/1 (in Viljandi – 12 April 1943 in Tartu) was an Estonian military commander (Colonel) during the Estonian War of Independence.
Viktor Zuikov (born 10 April 1962) is an Estonian fencer.
Viktoria Oleksiivna Mazur (Вікторія Олексіївна Мазур; Виктория Алексеевна Мазур, born 15 October 1994) is a Ukrainian rhythmic gymnast who competes in individual and group rhythmic gymnastics.
Viktoriya Fyodorova (born May 9, 1973) is a retired female high jumper from Russia.
Viljar Loor (1 October 1953 – 22 March 2011) was the most successful Estonian volleyball player.
Villem Kapp (7 September 1913 – 24 March 1964) was an Estonian composer, organist and music teacher.
Villu Jürjo (born 12 November 1950, Türi) is an Estonian Lutheran cleric who is most notable for voting for the Estonian restoration of Independence.
Villu Toots (August 24, 1916 – April 10, 1993) was an internationally known Estonian calligrapher, book designer, educator, palaeograph and author.
The Vironians were one of the Finnic tribes that later formed the Estonian nation.
Viru is a 5.0% ABV pilsner-style beer brewed in Estonia.
Virumaa (Vironia; Low German: Wierland; Old Norse: Virland) is a former independent county in Ancient Estonia.
Vitali Gussev (born 16 March 1983 in Tartu) is an Estonian professional footballer.
Vjatšeslav "Slavka" Kobrin (also transliterated: Vyacheslav Kobrin, Вячеслав Кобрин, 11 April 1958 in Cherepovets, Russia – 23 April 2016 in Manuel Antonio, Costa Rica) was a Russian guitarist and songwriter.
Vladimir Ivanov (born 10 April 1987) is an Estonian tennis player.
Vladimir Sidorkin (born May 9, 1986) is an Estonian former swimmer, who specialized in both long and short course freestyle events.
Vladimir Voskoboinikov (Владимир Воскобойников; born 2 February 1983) is a retired Estonian professional footballer who played as a centre forward.
Vladislav Gussev (born 26 August 1986 in Tartu) is an Estonian professional footballer.
Voivodes of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth were one of the highest ranking officials who could sit in the Senate of Poland.
A województwo (plural: województwa) is the highest-level administrative subdivision of Poland, corresponding to a "province" in many other countries.
Von Bock House is in Ülikooli Street in Tartu in Estonia.
The von Wahl family originated in Scotland and then settled in the Baltic states.
Vorbuse is a village in Tartu municipality, Tartu County in southern Estonia.
Voronezh State University is one of the main universities in Central Russia, located in the city of Voronezh.
Vsevolod Mstislavich (Всеволод Мстиславич), the patron saint of the city of Pskov, ruled as Prince of Novgorod in 1117–32, Prince of Pereslavl (1132) and Prince of Pskov in 1137–38.
Vyachko of Koknese, also Vetseke of Kokenhusen (Rex Vesceka de Kukenois, Vetseke, Вячко) was the ruler of the Principality of Koknese in present-day Latvia, a vassal of Polotsk, who unsuccessfully tried to establish himself as a local ruler first in Latvia and then in Estonia, and fought against the expansionism of the Livonian Knights at the turn of the 13th century.
Walpurgis Night, an abbreviation of Saint Walpurgis Night (from the German Sankt Walpurgisnacht), also known as Saint Walpurga's Eve (alternatively spelled Saint Walburga's Eve), is the eve of the Christian feast day of Saint Walpurga, an 8th-century abbess in Francia, and is celebrated on the night of 30 April and the day of 1 May.
Walter Arthur Alexander Anderson (Вальтэр Артур Аляксандр Андэрсан;, Minsk, Russian Empire – August 23, 1962 in Kiel, Germany) was a German ethnologist (folklorist) and numismatist.
A number of War crimes trials were held in the 1960s in Soviet Estonia.
Władysław Rydzewski (9 July 1911 - 28 August 1980) was a Polish professor of zoology who specialized in ornithology and founded the journal The Ring in 1954.
Weekdone is an internal communication service for teams founded in 2012 that is based in Tartu, Estonia.
Werner Zoege von Manteuffel (13 July 1857, in Määri, Estonia – 14 March 1926, in Tallinn, Estonia) was a Baltic German medical surgeon.
Wilhelm Robert Karl Anderson (Вільгельм Роберт Карл Андэрсан; – 26 March 1940) was a German-Estonian astrophysicist who studied the physical structure of the stars.
Thomas Wilhelm Greiffenhagen (19 November 1821 – 28 December 1890) was a Baltic German journalist and politician who was the mayor of Reval (now Tallinn) from June 1883 to August 1885.
Wilhelm Junker (Василий Васильевич Юнкер; 6 April 1840 – 13 February 1892) was a Russian explorer of Africa.
William Eugene "Pussyfoot" Johnson (25 March 1862 – 2 February 1945) was an American Prohibition advocate and law enforcement officer.
Map of the city Town hall Wipperfürth is a municipality in the Oberbergischer Kreis of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, about 40 km north-east of Cologne, and the oldest town in the Bergischen Land.
Wolf Jürgen Baron von Engelhardt (9 February 1910, Tartu – 4 December 2008, Tübingen) was a German geologist and mineralogist.
Wolfgang Steinitz (28 February 1905 – 21 April 1967) was a German linguist and folklorist.
Wolmar Anton von Schlippenbach (1653–1721) was Governor General of Swedish Estonia from 1704 to 1706.
Wolt is an online food ordering and delivery service that takes orders via a mobile app.
Wolter (or Walter) von Plettenberg (c. 1450 – February 28, 1535) was the Master (Landmeister) of the Livonian Order from 1494 to 1535 and one of the greatest leaders of the Teutonic knights.
The Women's Baltic Cup is a women's association football tournament contested between the Baltic states of Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania, usually every year.
The World Cultural Council is an international organization whose goals are to promote cultural values, goodwill and philanthropy among individuals.
The World Orienteering Championships (WOC) were first held in 1966.
The World University Orienteering Championships (WUOC) were first held in 1978.
X-Panda is a progressive metal and fusion band from Estonia.
Yaroslav I, Grand Prince of Rus, known as Yaroslav the Wise or Iaroslav the Wise (tr; Jaroslav Mudryj; Jaroslav Mudryj; Jarizleifr Valdamarsson;; Iaroslaus Sapiens; c. 978 – 20 February 1054) was thrice grand prince of Veliky Novgorod and Kiev, uniting the two principalities for a time under his rule.
Young Gardeners is an oil painting by Malle Leis in the Tartu Art Museum.
New Latvians (jaunlatvieši) is the term most often applied to the intellectuals of the First Latvian National Awakening (Tautas atmoda), active from the 1850s to the 1880s.
Yuri Mikhailovich Lotman (Ю́рий Миха́йлович Ло́тман, Juri Lotman) (Petrograd, 28 February 1922 – Tartu, 28 October 1993) was a prominent literary scholar, semiotician, and cultural historian, who worked at the University of Tartu.
Yuriy Sablin (24 November 1897 – 1937) was a Russian military leader, Socialist Revolutionary.
Yuryev, sometimes spelled as Yuriev (Юрьев), or Yuryeva/Yurieva (feminine; Юрьева), is a Russian last name and may refer to:;People.
Yuryev-Polsky (Ю́рьев-По́льский) is an old town and the administrative center of Yuryev-Polsky District of Vladimir Oblast, Russia, located in the upper reaches of the Koloksha River, northwest of Vladimir, the administrative center of the oblast.
Zarya svobody (Russian Заря свободы, German Morgenröte der Freiheit, English The Dawn of Freedom), is an opera in four acts composed between 1873 and 1877 by Ella Adayevskaya (the pseudonym adopted by the composer Elizaveta von Schultz).
ZeroTurnaround is a software company founded by Jevgeni Kabanov and Toomas Römer in 2007.
Zhala Piriyeva (Jalə Azad qızı Piriyeva; born May 10, 2000 in Azerbaijan) is an Azerbaijani individual rhythmic gymnast.
Zofia Romer (February 16, 1885 – August 23, 1972), née Zofia Dembowska was a Polish painter.
Year 1030 (MXXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1051 (MLI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1061 (MLXI) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1134 (MCXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1192 (MCXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
The 11th Rifle Corps was a corps of the Red Army, formed twice.
Year 1224 (MCCXXIV) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
The 122nd Guards Rifle Division was an infantry division of the Red Army.
Year 1558 (MDLVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
In the Swedish calendar it was a leap year starting on Friday, one day ahead of the Julian and ten days behind the Gregorian calendar.
In the Swedish calendar it was a leap year starting on Wednesday, one day ahead of the Julian and ten days behind the Gregorian calendar.
The 1899 Russian student strike began in February.
This year is famous for the end of the First World War, on the eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month, as well as for the flu pandemic, that killed 50-100 million people worldwide.
The Attempted coup of 1924 in Estonia (1.),Estonia and the Estonians, Hoover Institution Press, p.15 conducted by the Comintern, was a failed coup attempt in Estonia staged by Communists (mostly infiltrated from Soviet Union) on December 1, 1924.
The 1929 Estonian Football Championship was the 9th official football league season in Estonia.
The 1934 Estonian Football Championship was the 14th official football league season in Estonia.
The 1935 Estonian Football Championship was the 15th official football league season in Estonia.
Below, events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.
The following lists events that happened during 1944 in the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.
The 1997 season was the sixth full year of competitive football (soccer) in Estonia since gaining independence from the Soviet Union on 20 August 1991.
The Continental Cup 1997–98 was the first edition of the IIHF Continental Cup.
The 1998–99 St.
1oT is a cellular connectivity provider for Internet of Things device makers.
The 1st Army Corps was an army corps of the Soviet Armed Forces.
The 1st Division was one of the three Estonian divisions created during the Estonian War of Independence, which was active till the Soviet occupation of Estonia.
2+1 road is a specific category of three-lane road, consisting of two lanes in one direction and one lane in the other, alternating every few kilometres, and separated usually with a steel cable barrier.
NEBL'2000–01 was the second complete season of the North European Basketball League.
2006 Meistriliiga was the 16th season of the Meistriliiga, Estonia's premier football league.
Estonian Cup 2007–08 (Eesti Karikas) was the twenty-first season of the Estonian football knockout tournament.
These are the Group A Results and Standings.
The 2008 Estonian Figure Skating Championships (Eesti Meistrivõistlused) are a figure skating national championship held annually to determine the national champions of Estonia.
The 2008 season of Meistriliiga, the first level in the Estonian football system, was the 18th season in the league's history.
Estonian Cup 2008–09 was the twenty-second season of the Estonian football knockout tournament.
The 2008–09 SEB Korvpalli Meistriliiga is the 18th season of the Estonian basketball league and the fifth under the title sponsorship of SEB.
The 2009 Estonian Figure Skating Championships (Eesti Meistrivõistlused 2009) were the Estonian Figure Skating Championships of the 2008–2009 figure skating season.
The 2009 Meistriliiga was the 19th season of the Meistriliiga, Estonia's premier football league.
2009–10 Estonian Cup was the twentieth season of the Estonian football knockout tournament organized by Estonian Football Association.
The 2009–10 G4S Korvpalli Meistriliiga was the 85th season of the Estonian basketball league and the first under the title sponsorship of G4S.
The 2010 season of the Meistriliiga, the first level in the Estonian football system, was the 20th season in the league's history.
The 2010–11 KML season was the 87th season of top-tier basketball in Estonia.
The 2011 season for the cycling team began in January at the Grand Prix d'Ouverture La Marseillaise and ended in October at Paris–Tours.
The 2011 season is the 90th season of competitive football in Estonia.
The 2011 Meistriliiga was the 21st season of the Meistriliiga, the top Estonian league for association football clubs, since its establishment in 1992.
The following article presents a summary of the 2011–12 football season in Croatia, which will be the 21st season of competitive football in the country.
The Korvpalli Meistriliiga 2011-2012 (KML) was the eighty-eighth season of top-tier basketball in Estonia.
The 2012 Baltic Cup was a football competition which was held on 1–3 June 2012 in Estonia.
The 2012 season of the Esiliiga, the second level in the Estonian football system, is the twenty-third season in the league's history.
The 2012 season of the Meistriliiga the first level in the Estonian football system is the 22nd season in the league's history.
The 2012–13 G4S Korvpalli Meistriliiga was the 88th season of the Estonian basketball league and the fourth under the title sponsorship of G4S.
The 2013 season of the Esiliiga, the second level in the Estonian football system, is the twenty-third season in the league's history.
The 2013 FIG World Cup circuit in Rhythmic Gymnastics includes one category A event (Sofia) and seven category B events.
The following were the events of Gymnastics for the year 2013 throughout the world.
The 2013 Meistriliiga (also known as A. Le Coq Premium Liiga for sponsorship reasons) was the 23rd season of the Meistriliiga, the first level in the Estonian football system.
The 2013 Naiste Meistriliiga was the 21st season of women's league football in Estonia. The league was won by Pärnu JK, its 4th consecutive title and 9th overall. 29 September 2013, jalgpall.ee By winning, Pärnu qualified to 2014–15 UEFA Women's Champions League.
The teams competing in Group 5 of the 2013 UEFA European Under-21 Championships qualifying competition were Croatia, Estonia, Georgia, Spain, and Switzerland.
Results for the Quarterfinals of the 2013–14 EuroChallenge basketball tournament.
The 2013–14 Alexela Korvpalli Meistriliiga was the 89th season of the Estonian basketball league and the first under the title sponsorship of Alexela.
The 2013–14 Ole Miss Rebels men's basketball team will represent the University of Mississippi in the 2013–14 college basketball season.
The 2014 season for the cycling team began in February at the Grand Prix d'Ouverture La Marseillaise.
The 2014 Esiliiga was the 2nd season of the Esiliiga B. The season started on Friday 28 February 2014, and concluded on Sunday 9 November 2014.
This article includes the 2014 ITF Men's Circuit tournaments which occurred and will occur between October and December 2014.
The 2014 KML Playoffs was the final phase of the 2013–14 KML season.
The 2014 Meistriliiga (known as A. Le Coq Premium Liiga for sponsorship reasons) was the 24th season of the Meistriliiga, the first level in the Estonian football system.
The 2014 Naiste Meistriliiga was the 22nd season of women's league football in Estonia.
The 2014 Rally Estonia was the seventh round of the 2014 European Rally Championship season.
The 2014 Women's Junior European Volleyball Championship was played in Finland and Estonia, in this cities Tampere and Tartu, from August 16 to 24, 2014.
The 2014–15 Baltic Basketball League was the 11th season of the Baltic Basketball League.
Group B of the 2014–15 EuroChallenge consisted of EGIS Körmend, Energia Târgu Jiu, Tartu University Rock, and Lukoil Academic.
The 2014–15 Alexela Korvpalli Meistriliiga was the 90th season of the Estonian basketball league and the second under the title sponsorship of Alexela.
The 2014–15 Meistriliiga season was the 75th season of the Meistriliiga, the top level of ice hockey in Estonia, since the league's formation in 1934.
The 2014–15 Ole Miss Rebels men's basketball team represented the University of Mississippi in the 2014–15 NCAA Division I men's basketball season.
The 2014–15 Texas–Pan American Broncs men's basketball team represented the University of Texas–Pan American during the 2014–15 NCAA Division I men's basketball season.
The 2014–15 UEFA Europa League qualifying phase and play-off round were played from 1 July to 28 August 2014.
The 2015 Esiliiga was the 25th season of the Esiliiga, second-highest Estonian league for association football clubs, since its establishment in 1992.
The 2015 Esiliiga B was the 3rd season of the Esiliiga B, the third-highest Estonian league for association football clubs, since its establishment in 2013.
The 2015 European Road Championships were held in Tartu, Estonia.
The Women's under-23 road race at the 2015 European Road Championships took place on 8 August.
The Women's under-23 time trial at the 2015 European Road Championships took place on 6 August.
This topic reveals a large number of triathlon events and their results for 2015.
This article includes the 2015 ITF Men's Circuit tournaments which occurred between October and December 2015.
The 2015 KML Playoffs was the final phase of the 2014–15 KML season.
The 2015 Meistriliiga (known as A. Le Coq Premium Liiga for sponsorship reasons) was the 25th season of the Meistriliiga, the first level in the Estonian football system.
The 2015 Naiste Meistriliiga was the 23rd season of women's league football in Estonia.
The 2015–16 Triobet Baltic Basketball League was the 12th season of the Baltic Basketball League and the first under the title sponsorship of Triobet.
The 2015–16 Baltic Men Volleyball League, also known as League of Hundred, was the 11th edition of the highest level of club volleyball in the Baltic states.
The 2015–16 Estonian Cup was the 26th season of the Estonian main domestic football knockout tournament.
The following article presents a summary of the 2015–16 football season in Croatia, which will be the 25th season of competitive football in the country.
The 2015–16 Korvpalli Meistriliiga season (also known as the Alexela Korvpalli Meistriliiga for sponsorship reasons) was the 91st season of top-tier basketball in Estonia.
The 2015–16 UTRGV Vaqueros men's basketball team represented the University of Texas Rio Grande Valley during the 2015–16 NCAA Division I men's basketball season.
The 2016 Esiliiga is the 26th season of the Esiliiga, second-highest Estonian league for association football clubs, since its establishment in 1992.
The 2016 Esiliiga B is the 4th season of the Esiliiga B, third-highest Estonian league for association football clubs, since its establishment in 2013.
The 2016 Aesthetic Group Gymnastics Championships, the 1st edition, was held in Tartu, Estonia, from February 11 to 14, 2016 at the A. Le Coq Sportshall.
The 2016 ITF Men's Circuit is the 2016 edition of the second tier tour for men's professional tennis.
The 2016 KML Playoffs was the final phase of the 2015–16 KML season.
The 2016 Meistriliiga (known as A. Le Coq Premium Liiga for sponsorship reasons) was the 26th season of the Meistriliiga, the highest division of Estonian football system.
The 2016–17 Triobet Baltic Basketball League is the 13th season of the Baltic Basketball League and the second under the title sponsorship of Triobet.
The 2016–17 Estonian Cup was the 27th season of the Estonian main domestic football knockout tournament.
The 2016–17 Korvpalli Meistriliiga season (also known as the Alexela Korvpalli Meistriliiga for sponsorship reasons) is the 92nd season of top-tier basketball in Estonia.
The 2017 Esiliiga is the 27th season of the Esiliiga, second-highest Estonian league for association football clubs, since its establishment in 1992.
The 2017 Esiliiga B is the 5th season of the Esiliiga B, third-highest Estonian league for association football clubs, since its establishment in 2013.
The 2017 Estonian Small Cup is the 8th season of the Estonian amateur football knockout tournament.
2017 in sports describes the year's events in world sport.
The 2017 ITF Men's Circuit is the 2017 edition of the second tier tour for men's professional tennis.
The 2017 KML Playoffs is the final phase of the 2016–17 KML season.
The 2017 Meistriliiga (known as A. Le Coq Premium Liiga for sponsorship reasons) was the 27th season of the Meistriliiga, the top Estonian league for association football clubs, since its establishment in 1992.
The 2017 Naiste Meistriliiga was the 25th season of women's league football in Estonia.
Group 6 of the 2017 UEFA European Under-21 Championship qualifying competition consists of six teams: Spain, Sweden, Croatia, Georgia, Estonia, and San Marino.
The 34th World Orienteering Championships were held in Tartu, Estonia in June/July 2017.
The 2017–18 Triobet Baltic Basketball League was the 14th season of the Baltic Basketball League and the third under the title sponsorship of Triobet.
The 2017–18 Baltic Men Volleyball League, known as Credit 24 Champions League for sponsorship reasons, was the 13th edition of the highest level of club volleyball in the Baltic states.
The 2017–18 EML season (also known as the Nordic Power Hokiliiga for sponsorship reasons) is the 79th season of the Meistriliiga, the top level of ice hockey in Estonia.
The 2017–18 Korvpalli Meistriliiga season (also known as the Alexela Korvpalli Meistriliiga for sponsorship reasons) was the 93rd season of top-tier basketball in Estonia.
The 2017–18 Rugby Europe International Championships is the European Championship for tier 2 and tier 3 rugby union nations.
The 2018 Esiliiga is the 28th season of the Esiliiga, second-highest Estonian league for association football clubs, since its establishment in 1992.
The 2018 Esiliiga B is the 6th season of the Esiliiga B, third-highest Estonian league for association football clubs, since its establishment in 2013.
2018 in sports describes the year's events in world sport.
The 2018 KML Playoffs is the final phase of the 2017–18 KML season.
The 2018 Meistriliiga (known as A. Le Coq Premium Liiga for sponsorship reasons) is the 28th season of the Meistriliiga, the highest division of Estonian football system.
20th Waffen Grenadier Division of the SS (1st Estonian) (20., 20.) was a unit of the Waffen SS established on 25 May 1944 in German-occupied Estonia during World War II.
The 249th Rifle Division was raised in 1941, within days of the German invasion, as a standard Red Army rifle division, and served for the duration of the Great Patriotic War in that role.
The 282nd Rifle Division was an infantry division of the Soviet Union's Red Army during World War II, formed twice.
The 2nd Division, was one of the three Estonian divisions created during the Estonian War of Independence, which was active till the Soviet occupation of Estonia.
The 2nd Infantry Brigade (2.) is an infantry brigade of the Estonian Land Forces.
326th Tarnopolsky Order of Kutuzov Heavy Bomber Air Division (326 TBAD) - was an Aviation Division of the Long Range Aviation of Russia.
The 326th Rifle Division was formed as a standard Red Army rifle division late in the summer of 1941, as part of the massive buildup of new Soviet fighting formations in response to the German invasion.
The 467th Guards District Training Centre for Junior Specialists of the Western Military District (Russian: 467 гвардейский Краснознамённый Московско-Тартуский межвидовой окружной учебный центр подготовки младших специалистов) is a training formation of the Russian Ground Forces.
The 64th Guards Rifle Division was created on January 19, 1943 from the 327th Rifle Division, in recognition of that division's distinguished combat record in the Second Siniavino Offensive and Operation Iskra.
The 67th Army was a field army of the Soviet Union's Red Army.
The 86th Rifle Division was an infantry division of the Soviet Union's Red Army during the interwar period, World War II, and the early postwar period, formed twice.