333 relations: A History of Chess, Adolf Albin, Adolf Anderssen, Aivars Gipslis, Akiba Rubinstein, Albéric O'Kelly de Galway, Albin Countergambit, Albin Countergambit, Lasker Trap, Aleksandar Matanović, Alessandro Salvio, Alexander Alekhine, Alexander Kotov, Alexander Rueb, Alexander Tolush, Alexandre Deschapelles, Alexey Dreev, Alexey Suetin, Alice Chess, Allumwandlung, Amar Opening, American Chess Association, András Adorján, André Chéron, Anglo-American cable chess matches, Arnold Denker, Aron Nimzowitsch, Artur Yusupov, Ľubomír Ftáčnik, Babson task, Back-rank checkmate, Bare king, Barnes Opening, Battery (chess), Berlin Pleiades, Bernhard Horwitz, Bird's Opening, Bishop (chess), Bishop's Opening, Blindfold chess, Bobby Fischer, Boden's Mate, Boris Kostić, British Chess Magazine, Buchholz system, Carl August Walbrodt, Carlos Torre Repetto, Castling, Chaturanga, Check (chess), Checkmate, ..., Chess, Chess diagram, Chess endgame, Chess in the arts, Chess libraries, Chess notation, Chess opening, Chess piece, Chess piece relative value, Chess rating system, Chess theory, Chess tournament, Circe chess, Clemenz Opening, Combination (chess), Conel Hugh O'Donel Alexander, Cox–Forbes theory, Cross-check, Daniël Noteboom, David Bronstein, David Vincent Hooper, Deflection (chess), Descriptive notation, Desperado (chess), Deutsche Schachzeitung, Development of the World Chess Championship, Domenico Lorenzo Ponziani, Double check, Doubled pawns, Dražen Marović, Draw (chess), Draw by agreement, Dunst Opening, Dutch Defence, Emanuel Lasker, Emanuel Schiffers, Emil Schallopp, En passant, Englund Gambit, Ercole del Rio, Erich Eliskases, Erich Zepler, Ernest Klein (chess player), Ernest Pogosyants, Ernst Falkbeer, Eugène Rousseau (chess player), Eugene Znosko-Borovsky, Eugenio Torre, Evergreen Game, Evgeny Sveshnikov, Ferdinand Maack, Fianchetto, FIDE, FIDE titles, Fifty-move rule, Flank opening, Flight square, Florin Gheorghiu, Fool's mate, Fork (chess), Fortress (chess), François-André Danican Philidor, Fred Reinfeld, French Defence, Garry Kasparov, Göttingen manuscript, GBR code, Gennady Kuzmin, George H. D. Gossip, Gioachino Greco, Giuoco Piano, Glossary of chess, Glossary of chess problems, Grandmaster (chess), Greek gift sacrifice, Grigory Levenfish, Grotesque (chess), Group tournament ranking system, Győző Forintos, Gyula Breyer, H. J. R. Murray, Handbuch des Schachspiels, Handicap (chess), Hans-Joachim Hecht, Hastings International Chess Congress, Helpmate, Henri Rinck, Henrique Mecking, Henry Bird (chess player), Henry Charlick, Henry Ernest Atkins, Herman Steiner, Hermanis Matisons, Hexagonal chess, History of chess, Horst Rittner, Howard Staunton, Hugh Alexander Kennedy, Hugh Myers, Hungarian Defense, ICCF numeric notation, Ideal mate, Igor Zaitsev, Immortal Game, Indian Defence, Inverted Hungarian Opening, Isaac Boleslavsky, Italian Gambit, Ivan Radulov, Jackson Showalter, Jacob Sarratt, James Hanham, James Macrae Aitken, James Mortimer (chess player), Jan Rusinek, Jan Timman, Jóhann Hjartarson, Jean Dufresne, Jean-Louis Preti, Jeremy Gaige, Johann Hermann Bauer, Johann Löwenthal, John Cochrane (chess player), John Roycroft, John Wisker, José Raúl Capablanca, Joseph Bertin, Josif Dorfman, Jules Arnous de Rivière, Julius Mendheim, Ken Whyld, Keres Defence, King's Gambit, McDonnell Gambit, King's Gambit, Rice Gambit, King's Pawn Game, Konstantinopolsky Opening, La Stratégie, Lasker versus Bauer, Amsterdam, 1889, László Szabó (chess player), Le Palamède, Lev Psakhis, Libro de la invencion liberal y arte del juego del axedrez, Lionel Kieseritzky, List of chess gambits, List of chess openings named after people, List of chess openings named after places, List of people who adopted matrilineal surnames, London 1851 chess tournament, Lothar Schmid, Lubomir Kavalek, Lucena position, Luis Ramírez de Lucena, Madrasi chess, Mann (chess), Mark Dvoretsky, Max Weiss, Michael Stean, Mieses Opening, Miguel Quinteros, Mikhail Botvinnik, Mikhail Chigorin, Milan Matulović, Model mate, Modenese Masters, Modern Benoni, Modern Chess Openings, Moscow 1935 chess tournament, My 60 Memorable Games, Nathaniel Cook, Nightrider (chess), Nikolai Riumin, Nomen nescio, OCC, Oleg Romanishin, Open file, Open Game, Outline of chess, Outpost (chess), Owen's Defence, Oxford Companions, Paolo Boi, Passed pawn, Paul Saladin Leonhardt, Pawn (chess), Pawnless chess endgame, Pedro Damiano, Perpetual check, Petar Trifunović, Petrov's Defence, Marshall Trap, Philidor Defence, Philippe Ambroise Durand, Pierre Charles Fournier de Saint-Amant, Pietro Carrera, Pin (chess), Polish Defense, Preston Ware, Promotion (chess), Prophylaxis (chess), Pure mate, Queen (chess), Queen's Gambit Declined, Cambridge Springs Defense, Queen's Knight Defense, Rafael Vaganian, Rainer Knaak, Raymond Keene, Richard K. Guy, Richard Teichmann, Rook (chess), Rules of chess, Ruy López de Segura, Ruy Lopez, Ruy Lopez, Mortimer Trap, Ruy Lopez, Noah's Ark Trap, Ruy Lopez, Tarrasch Trap, S. Lipschütz, Saavedra position, Samuel Boden, Samuel Reshevsky, Saragossa Opening, Scheveningen system, Scholar's mate, School of chess, Semi-Closed Game, Semi-Italian Opening, Semi-Open Game, Semyon Alapin, Sergey Dolmatov, Sergio Mariotti, Sicilian Defence, Chekhover Variation, Sicilian Defence, Magnus Smith Trap, Skewer (chess), Smothered mate, Sokolsky Opening, Sonneborn–Berger score, Stalemate, Staunton chess set, Staunton–Morphy controversy, Steinitz Variation, Stonewall Attack, Swindle (chess), Symmetrical Defense, Tõnu Õim, Tempo (chess), The exchange (chess), Thomas Rayner Dawson, Thomas Wilson Barnes, Three-dimensional chess, Threefold repetition, Tie-breaking in Swiss-system tournaments, Touch-move rule, Transposition (chess), Trompowsky Attack, Turton doubling, Two Knights Defense, Two knights endgame, USA vs. USSR radio chess match 1945, Van't Kruijs Opening, Vasily Panov, Viacheslav Ragozin, Victor Soultanbeieff, Vienna Game, Würzburger Trap, Vitaly Tseshkovsky, Vladimir Savon, Vladimir Tukmakov, Vladimir Zagorovsky, Vlastimil Jansa, Ware Opening, White and Black in chess, William Lombardy, William Norwood Potter, Windmill (chess), Wolfgang Uhlmann, Wolfgang Unzicker, World Amateur Chess Championship, World Chess Championship, Yakov Estrin, Zürich 1934 chess tournament, Zepler doubling, Zoltán Ribli, Zugzwang, Zukertort Opening, Zwischenzug, 1940 in chess. Expand index (283 more) » « Shrink index
The book A History of Chess was written by H. J. R. Murray (1868–1955) and published in 1913.
Adolf Albin (14 September 1848 – 1 February 1920) was a Romanian chess player.
Karl Ernst Adolf Anderssen (July 6, 1818 – March 13, 1879)"Anderssen, Adolf" in The New Encyclopædia Britannica.
Aivars Gipslis (February 8, 1937 – April 13, 2000) was a Latvian chess FIDE Grandmaster and also an ICCF Grandmaster, and a chess writer and editor.
Akiba Kiwelowicz Rubinstein (1 December 1880 – 14 March 1961) was a Polish chess grandmaster who is considered to have been one of the strongest players never to have become World Chess Champion.
Albéric Joseph Rodolphe Marie Robert Ghislain O'Kelly de Galway (17 May 1911, Anderlecht – 3 October 1980, Brussels) was a Belgian chess Grandmaster (1956), an International Correspondence Chess Grandmaster (1962), and the third ICCF World Champion in correspondence chess (1959–1962).
The Albin Countergambit is a chess opening that begins with the moves: and the usual continuation is: The opening is an uncommon defense to the Queen's Gambit.
The Lasker Trap is a chess opening trap in the Albin Countergambit, named after Emanuel Lasker, although it was first noted by Serafino Dubois.
Aleksandar Matanović (born May 23, 1930) is a Serbian chess Grandmaster.
Alessandro Salvio (c. 1570 – c. 1640) was an Italian chess player who is considered to be the unofficial world champion around the year 1600.
Alexander Alekhine (Алекса́ндр Алекса́ндрович Але́хин, Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Alekhin;; March 24, 1946) was a Russian and French chess player and the fourth World Chess Champion.
Alexander Alexandrovich Kotov (Алекса́ндр Алекса́ндрович Ко́тов; – 8 January 1981) was a Soviet chess grandmaster and author.
Alexander Rueb (December 27, 1882 – February 2, 1959) was a Dutch lawyer, diplomat, and chess official.
Alexander Kazimirovich Tolush (1 May 1910 – 3 March 1969) was a Soviet chess grandmaster.
Alexandre Deschapelles (March 7, 1780 in Ville-d'Avray near VersaillesOctober 27, 1847 in Paris) was a French chess player who, between the death of François-André Danican Philidor and the rise of Louis-Charles Mahé de La Bourdonnais, was probably the strongest player in the world.
Alexey Dreev (Алексей Дреев; born 30 January 1969) is a Russian chess grandmaster.
Alexey (Aleksei) Stepanovich Suetin (Алексе́й Степа́нович Суэ́тин; November 16, 1926 in Kirovohrad – September 10, 2001 in Moscow) was a Russian International Grandmaster of chess and author.
Alice Chess is a chess variant invented in 1953 by V. R. Parton which employs two chessboards rather than one, and a slight (but significant) alteration to the standard rules of chess.
Allumwandlung (German for "complete promotion", sometimes abbreviated AUW) is a chess problem theme where, at some stage in the solution, a pawn (or sometimes pawns) is promoted variously to a queen, rook, bishop, and knight.
The Amar Opening (also known as Paris Opening, Drunken Knight Opening, or Ammonia Opening) is a chess opening defined by the move: This opening is sometimes known as the Ammonia Opening, since NH3 is the chemical formula for ammonia.
The American Chess Association (ACA) was a chess organization founded in New York City in 1857.
András Adorján (born András Jocha, 31 March 1950, Budapest) is a Hungarian chess Grandmaster (1973) and author.
André Chéron (September 25, 1895 – September 12, 1980) was a French chess player, endgame theorist, and a composer of endgame studies.
The Anglo-American cable chess matches were a series of yearly chess matches between teams from the United States and Great Britain conducted over transatlantic cable from 1896 to 1911, except for the three-year gap of 1904 to 1906 when no matches were held.
Arnold Sheldon Denker (February 20, 1914 – January 2, 2005) was an American chess player, Grandmaster, and chess author.
Aron Nimzowitsch (Ārons Nimcovičs, Аро́н Иса́евич Нимцо́вич, Aron Isayevich Nimtsovich; born Aron Niemzowitsch; 7 November 1886 – 16 March 1935) was a Russian-born, Danish leading chess grandmaster and influential chess writer.
Artur Mayakovich Yusupov (Арту́р Маякович Юсу́пов; Artur Majakowitsch Jussupow; born February 13, 1960 in Moscow, Soviet Union) is a Russian chess grandmaster and a chess writer.
Ľubomír Ftáčnik (born October 30, 1957 in Bratislava) is a Slovak chess player and a former European Junior Champion.
The Babson task is a particular type of chess problem, namely, a directmate with the following properties.
In chess, a back-rank checkmate (also known as the corridor mate) is a checkmate delivered by a rook or queen along a back rank (that is, the row on which the pieces stand at the start of the game) in which the mated king is unable to move up the board because the king is blocked by friendly pieces (usually pawns) on the second rank.
In chess and chess variants, a bare king (or lone king) is a game position where one player has only the king remaining (i.e. all the player's other pieces have been).
Barnes Opening is a chess opening where White opens with: The opening is named after Thomas Wilson Barnes (1825–1874), an English player who had an impressive eight wins over Paul Morphy, including one game where Barnes answered 1.e4 with 1...f6, known as Barnes Defence.
A battery in chess is a formation that consists of two or more pieces on the same rank, file, or diagonal.
The Berlin Pleiades – a group of seven stars of German chess - Die Berliner Schule or Das Berliner Siebengestirn (die Plejaden) – in the 19th century, lasting 1837–43.
Bernhard Horwitz (1807 in Neustrelitz – 1885) was a German chess master and chess writer.
Bird's Opening (or the Dutch Attack) is a chess opening characterised by the move: Bird's is a standard flank opening.
A bishop (♗,♝) is a piece in the board game of chess.
The Bishop's Opening is a chess opening that begins with the moves: White attacks Black's f7-square and prevents Black from advancing his d-pawn to d5.
Blindfold chess (also known as sans voir) is a form of chess play wherein the players do not see the positions of the pieces or touch them.
Robert James Fischer (March 9, 1943January 17, 2008) was an American chess grandmaster and the eleventh World Chess Champion.
Boden's Mate is a checkmating pattern in chess characterized by bishops on two criss-crossing diagonals (for example, bishops on a6 and f4 delivering mate to a king on c8), with possible flight squares for the king being occupied by friendly pieces.
Borislav Kostić (aka Boris or Bora Kostic, Kostitsch; 24 February 1887 – 3 November 1963) was a Serbian chess grandmaster and a noted popularizer of the game.
British Chess Magazine is the world's oldest chess journal in continuous publication.
The Buchholz system (also spelled Buchholtz) is a ranking or scoring system in chess developed by Bruno Buchholz (died ca. 1958) in 1932, for Swiss system tournaments.
Carl August Walbrodt (November 28, 1871, Amsterdam – October 3, 1902, Berlin) was a German chess master.
Carlos Jesús Torre Repetto (29 November 1904Hooper/Whyld, Gaige say 1905. in Mérida, Yucatán – 19 March 1978 in Mérida, Yucatán) was a chess grandmaster from Mexico.
Castling is a move in the game of chess involving a player's king and either of the player's original rooks.
Chaturanga (चतुरङ्ग), or catur for short, is an ancient Indian strategy game which is commonly theorized to be the common ancestor of the board games chess, shogi, sittuyin, makruk, xiangqi and janggi.
A check is a condition in chess, shogi, and xiangqi that occurs when a player's king (or general in xiangqi) is under threat of on their opponent's next turn.
Checkmate (often shortened to mate) is a game position in chess and other chess-like games in which a player's king is in check (threatened with) and there is no way to remove the threat.
Chess is a two-player strategy board game played on a chessboard, a checkered gameboard with 64 squares arranged in an 8×8 grid.
A chess diagram is graphic representation and stylized of a specific moment in a chess game, showing the different positions occupied by chess pieces in given time during game development.
In chess and chess-like games, the endgame (or end game or ending) is the stage of the game when few pieces are left on the board.
Chess became a source of inspiration in the arts in literature soon after the spread of the game to the Arab World and Europe in the Middle Ages.
Chess libraries are library collections of books and periodicals on the game of chess.
Chess notations are various systems that have developed to record either the moves made in a game of chess or the position of pieces on a chessboard.
A chess opening or simply an opening refers to the initial moves of a chess game.
A chess piece, or chessman, is any of the six different movable objects used on a chessboard to play the game of chess.
In chess, the chess piece relative value system conventionally assigns a point value to each piece when assessing its relative strength in potential exchanges.
A chess rating system is a system used in chess to calculate an estimate of the strength of the player, based on his or her performance versus other players.
The game of chess is commonly divided into three phases: the opening, middlegame, and endgame.
A chess tournament is a series of chess games played competitively to determine a winning individual or team.
Circe chess (or just Circe) is a chess variant in which captured pieces are reborn on their starting positions as soon as they are captured.
The Clemenz Opening is a chess opening beginning with the move: This opening is named after Hermann Clemenz (1846–1908), an Estonian player.
In chess, a combination is a sequence of moves, often initiated by a sacrifice, which leaves the opponent few options and results in tangible gain.
Conel Hugh O'Donel Alexander (19 April 1909 – 15 February 1974), known as Hugh Alexander and C. H. O'D.
The Cox–Forbes theory is a long-debunked theory on the evolution of chess put forward by Captain Hiram Cox (1760–1799) and extended by Professor Duncan Forbes (1798–1868).
In chess, a cross-check is a tactic in which a check is played in response to a check, especially when the original check is blocked by a piece that itself either delivers check or reveals a discovered check from another piece.
Daniël Noteboom (26 February 1910 – 12 January 1932) was a Dutch chess player.
David Ionovich Bronstein (Дави́д Ио́нович Бронште́йн; February 19, 1924 – December 5, 2006) was a Soviet chess grandmaster, who narrowly missed becoming World Chess Champion in 1951.
David Vincent Hooper (31 August 1915 – May 1998), born in Reigate, was a British chess player and writer.
Deflection in chess is a tactic that forces an opposing piece to leave the square, rank or file it occupies, thus exposing the king or a valuable piece.
Descriptive notation is a notation for recording chess games, and at one time was the most popular notation in English- and Spanish-speaking countries.
In chess, a desperado piece is a piece that is or trapped, but captures an enemy piece before it is itself captured.
Deutsche Schachzeitung (English: "German Chess Paper") was the first German chess magazine.
The concept of a world chess champion started to emerge in the first half of the 19th century, and the phrase "world champion" appeared in 1845.
Domenico Lorenzo Ponziani (9 November 1719 – 15 July 1796) was an 18th-century Italian law professor, priest, chess player, composer and theoretician.
In chess, a double check is a check delivered by two pieces simultaneously.
In chess, doubled pawns are two pawns of the same color residing on the same file.
Dražen Marović (born January 14, 1938 in Split) is a Croatian (former Yugoslav) chess player, trainer, journalist, writer and broadcaster.
In chess, a draw is the result of a game ending in a tie.
In chess, a draw by (mutual) agreement is the outcome of a game due to the agreement of both players to a draw.
The Dunst Opening is a chess opening where White opens with the move: This fairly uncommon opening may have more names than any other: it is also called the Heinrichsen Opening, Baltic Opening, van Geet's Opening, Sleipnir Opening, Kotrč's Opening, Meštrović Opening, Romanian Opening, Queen's Knight Attack, Queen's Knight Opening, Millard's Opening, Knight on the Left, and (in German) der Linksspringer.
The Dutch Defence is a chess opening characterised by the moves: Black's 1...f5 stakes a serious claim to the e4-square and envisions an attack in the middlegame on White's; however, it also weakens Black's kingside some (especially the e8–h5 diagonal) and contributes nothing to Black's development.
Emanuel Lasker (December 24, 1868 – January 11, 1941) was a German chess player, mathematician, and philosopher who was World Chess Champion for 27 years (from 1894 to 1921).
Emanuel (Emmanuel) Stepanovich Schiffers (Эммануил Степанович Шифферс; –) was a Russian chess player and chess writer.
Emil Schallopp (1 August 1843, Friesack, Germany – 9 April 1919, Berlin) was a German chess player and author.
En passant (in passing) is a move in chess.
The Englund Gambit is a rarely played chess opening that starts with the moves: Black's idea is to avoid the traditional closed queen's pawn games and create an open game with tactical chances, but at the cost of a pawn.
Domenico Ercole del Rio (c. 1718 – c. 1802) was an Italian lawyer and author.
Erich Gottlieb Eliskases (15 February 1913 – 2 February 1997) was a chess grandmaster of the 1930s and 1940s, who represented Austria, Germany and Argentina in international competition.
Erich Ernest Zepler (27 January 1898 - 13 May 1980), later known as Eric, was a German-born electronics expert and chess problem composer.
Ernest Ludwig Klein (1910–1990) was an Austrian-British chess master and author.
Ernest Levonovich Pogosyants (June 5, 1935, Chuhuiv – August 16, 1990) was a Soviet-Armenian composer of chess problems and endgame studies.
Ernst Karl Falkbeer (June 27, 1819 – December 14, 1885) was an Austrian chess master and journalist.
Eugène Rousseau (c. 1810 in St. Denis, France – 1870) was a French chess master.
Eugene Alexandrovich Znosko-Borovsky (Russian: Евгений Александрович Зноско-Боровский; Yevgeny Alexandrovich Znosko-Borovsky) (16 August 1884 – 31 December 1954) was a Russian chess master, music and drama critic, teacher and author.
Eugenio Torre (born November 4, 1951) is a chess grandmaster (GM).
The Evergreen Game is a famous chess game, won by Adolf Anderssen against Jean Dufresne in 1852.
Evgeny Ellinovich Sveshnikov (Евгений Эллинович Све́шников; Latvian: Jevgēņijs Svešņikovs; born 11 February 1950) is a Russian grandmaster of chess and a chess author.
Ferdinand Maack (1861–1930) was a German doctor, inventor and occultist.
In chess, the fianchetto ("little flank") is a pattern of development wherein a bishop is developed to the second rank of the adjacent knight file, the knight pawn having been moved one or two squares forward.
The Fédération Internationale des Échecs or World Chess Federation is an international organization that connects the various national chess federations around the world and acts as the governing body of international chess competition.
The World Chess Federation, FIDE (Fédération Internationale des Échecs), awards several performance-based titles to chess players, up to and including the highly prized Grandmaster title.
The fifty-move rule in chess states that a player can claim a draw if no has been made and no pawn has been moved in the last fifty moves (for this purpose a "move" consists of a player completing their turn followed by the opponent completing their turn).
A flank opening is a chess opening played by White and typified by play on one or both flanks (the portion of the chess board outside the central d and e files).
In chess, a flight square or escape square is a safe square to which a king or other piece can move if it is threatened.
Florin Gheorghiu (born 6 April 1944) is a Romanian chess player and university lecturer in foreign languages.
In chess, Fool's Mate, also known as the Two-Move Checkmate, is the checkmate in the fewest possible number of moves from the start of the game.
In chess, a fork is a tactic whereby a single piece makes two or more direct attacks simultaneously.
In chess, the fortress is an endgame drawing technique in which the side behind in sets up a zone of protection that the opponent cannot penetrate.
François-André Danican Philidor (September 7, 1726 – August 31, 1795), often referred to as André Danican Philidor during his lifetime, was a French composer and chess player.
Fred Reinfeld (January 27, 1910 – May 29, 1964) was an American writer on chess and many other subjects.
The French Defence is a chess opening characterised by the moves: This is most commonly followed by 2.d4 d5, with Black intending...c5 at a later stage, attacking White's and gaining on the.
Garry Kimovich Kasparov (Га́рри Ки́мович Каспа́ров,; Armenian: Գարրի Կիմովիչ Կասպարով; born Garik Kimovich Weinstein, 13 April 1963) is a Russian chess grandmaster, former world chess champion, writer, and political activist, who many consider to be the greatest chess player of all time.
The Göttingen manuscript is the earliest known work devoted entirely to modern chess.
The GBR code (or Guy–Blandford–Roycroft code) is a system of representing the position of chess pieces on a chessboard.
Gennady Pavlovich Kuzmin (Геннадий Павлович Кузьмин, born January 19, 1946) is a Soviet-Ukrainian chess master and trainer.
George Hatfeild Dingley Gossip (December 6, 1841 – May 11, 1907) was a minor American-English chess master and writer.
Gioacchino Greco (c. 1600 – c. 1634) was an Italian chess player and writer.
The Giuoco Piano (Italian: "Quiet Game"), also called the Italian Opening,Hooper & Whyld (1996), p. 183.
This page explains commonly used terms in chess in alphabetical order.
This page explains commonly used terms in chess problems in alphabetical order.
The title Grandmaster (GM) is awarded to chess players by the world chess organization FIDE.
In chess, the Greek gift sacrifice (or classical bishop sacrifice) is a typical sacrifice of a bishop by White playing Bxh7+ or Black playing Bxh2+.
Grigory Yakovlevich Levenfish (Григо́рий Я́ковлевич Левенфи́ш; in Piotrków – 9 February 1961 in Moscow) was a Russian chess grandmaster who scored his peak competitive results in the 1920s and 1930s.
In chess, a grotesque is a problem or endgame study which features a particularly unlikely initial position, especially one in which White fights with a very small force against a much larger black army.
In a group tournament, unlike a knockout tournament, there is no scheduled decisive final match.
Győző Victor Forintos (born 30 July 1935 in Budapest) is a Hungarian chess master and by profession, an economist.
Gyula "Julius" Breyer (30 April 1893 Budapest – 9 November 1921) was a Hungarian chess player and 1912 Hungarian national champion.
Harold James Ruthven Murray (24 June 1868 – 16 May 1955) was an English educationalist, inspector of schools, and prominent chess historian.
Handbuch des Schachspiels (Handbook of Chess, often simply called the Handbuch) is a chess book, first published in 1843 by Tassilo von Heydebrand und der Lasa.
A handicap (or "odds") in chess is variant ways to enable a weaker player to have a chance of winning against a stronger one.
Hans-Joachim Hecht (born January 29, 1939, Luckenwalde, Brandenburg) is a German chess player and twice the national champion.
The Hastings International Chess Congress is an annual chess tournament which takes place in Hastings, England, around the turn of the year.
A helpmate is a type of chess problem in which both sides cooperate in order to achieve the goal of checkmating Black.
Henri Rinck (January 10, 1870 – February 17, 1952) was a French chess study composer, considered one of the most important early figures in the field.
Henrique Costa Mecking (born 23 January 1952), also known as Mequinho, is a Brazilian chess grandmaster who reached his zenith in the 1970s and is still one of the strongest players in Brazil.
Henry Edward Bird (Portsea in Hampshire, 14 July 1830 – 11 April 1908) was an English chess player, and also an author and accountant.
Henry Charlick (8 July 1845 in London, England – 26 July 1916 in Adelaide, Australia) was a leading Australian chess master in the 1880s.
Henry Ernest Atkins (20 August 1872 – 31 January 1955) was a British chess master who is best known for his unparalleled record of winning the British Chess Championship nine times in eleven attempts.
Herman Steiner (April 15, 1905 – November 25, 1955) was a United States chess player, organizer, and columnist.
Hermanis Matisons (also known as Herman Mattison; 1894, Riga – 1932) was a Latvian chess player and one of world's most highly regarded chess masters in the early 1930s.
Hexagonal chess refers to a group of chess variants played on boards composed of hexagon.
The history of chess can be traced back nearly 1500 years, although the earliest origins are uncertain.
Horst Robert Rittner (born July 16, 1930 in Breslau, Weimar Germany) is a German correspondence chess Grandmaster.
Howard Staunton (1810 – 22 June 1874) was an English chess master who is generally regarded as having been the world's strongest player from 1843 to 1851, largely as a result of his 1843 victory over Pierre Charles Fournier de Saint-Amant.
Hugh Alexander Kennedy (22 August 1809 – 22 October 1878) was an English chess master and writer.
Hugh Edward Myers (January 23, 1930 – December 22, 2008) was an American chess master and author.
The Hungarian Defense is a chess opening that begins with the moves: The Hungarian Defense is a line in the Italian Game typically chosen as a response to the aggressive 3.Bc4.
ICCF numeric notation is the official chess game notation for all International Correspondence Chess Federation games.
In chess, an ideal mate is a checkmate position that is a special form of model mate.
Igor Arkadyevich Zaitsev (Игорь Аркадьевич Зайцев; born 27 May 1938) is a Russian grandmaster of chess.
The Immortal Game was a chess game played by Adolf Anderssen and Lionel Kieseritzky on 21 June 1851 in London, during a break of the first international tournament.
In the game of chess, Indian defence is a broad term for a group of openings characterised by the moves: They are all to varying degrees hypermodern defences, where Black invites White to establish an imposing presence in the centre with the plan of undermining and ultimately destroying it.
The Inverted Hungarian Opening or Tayler Opening is an uncommon chess opening that starts with the moves: It is so-named because the position of White's bishop on e2 resembles that of Black's bishop on e7 in the Hungarian Defense.
Isaac Yefremovich Boleslavsky (Ісаак Єфремович Болеславський, Исаак Ефремович Болеславский; June 9, 1919 in Zolotonosha, Ukraine – February 15, 1977 in Minsk) was a Soviet chess grandmaster.
The Italian Gambit is a chess opening that begins with the moves: It is often played as an alternative to the quiet and closed lines of the Giuoco Piano or Giuoco Pianissimo openings.
Ivan Radulov (Иван Радулов) (born 7 January 1939 in Burgas) is a Bulgarian chess grandmaster.
Jackson Whipps Showalter (February 5, 1859 in Minerva, Kentucky – February 5, 1935 in Lexington, Kentucky) was a five-time U.S. Chess Champion: 1890, 1892, 1892–1894, 1895-1896 and 1906–1909.
Jacob Henry Sarratt (1772 – 6 November 1819) was one of the top English chess players of the late 18th and early 19th centuries.
Major James Moore Hanham (January 4, 1840 Woodville, Mississippi – December 30, 1923 New York, New York) was an American chess master, who played in many American and international chess tournaments between 1884 and 1889.
James Macrae Aitken (27 October 1908 – 3 December 1983) was a Scottish chess player.
James Mortimer (April 22, 1833 – February 24, 1911) was an American chess player, journalist, and playwright who spent the last 40 years of his life in Britain.
Jan Rusinek (born 2 December 1950) is a Polish mathematician and chess composer, particularly noted for his brilliant endgame studies.
Jan Timman (born 14 December 1951) is a Dutch chess Grandmaster who was one of the world's leading players from the late 1970s to the early 1990s.
Jóhann Hjartarson (born 8 February 1963) is an Icelandic chess grandmaster.
Jean Dufresne (14 February 1829 – 13 April 1893) was a German chess player and chess composer.
Jean-Louis Preti (1798 – 27 January 1881) was a musician and chess writer, specializing in the chess endgame.
Jeremy Gaige (October 9, 1927, New York – February 19, 2011) was an American chess archivist and journalist.
Johann Hermann Bauer (June 30, 1861, Prague – April 5, 1891, Görz), was an Austrian chess master.
Johann Jacob Löwenthal (Löwenthal János Jakab; 15 July 1810 – 24 July 1876) was a professional chess master.
John Cochrane (1798 – 2 March 1878) was a Scottish chess master and lawyer.
Arthur John Roycroft (born 25 July 1929, London) is an English chess endgame study composer and author.
John Wisker (30 May 1846 in Kingston upon Hull, England – 18 January 1884 in Richmond, Victoria) was an English chess player and journalist.
José Raúl Capablanca y Graupera (19 November 1888 – 8 March 1942) was a Cuban chess player who was world chess champion from 1921 to 1927.
Captain Joseph Bertin (1690s – c. 1736) was one of the first authors to write about the game of chess.
Josif (Josef, Iossif, Iosif) Davidovich Dorfman (born 1 May 1952, Zhitomir) is a Soviet-French chess Grandmaster, coach, and chess writer.
Jules Arnous de Rivière (4 May 1830, Nantes – 11 September 1905, Paris) was the strongest French chess player from the late 1850s through the late 1870s.
Julius Mendheim (c. 1788 – 25 August 1836) was a German chess master and problemist.
Kenneth Whyld (6 March 1926 – 11 July 2003) was a British chess author and researcher, best known as the co-author (with David Hooper) of The Oxford Companion to Chess, a single-volume chess reference work in English.
The Keres Defence (also known as the Kangaroo Defence or Franco-Indian Defense) is a chess opening characterised by the moves: The opening is named for Estonian grandmaster Paul Keres.
The McDonnell Gambit is a chess opening gambit in the King's Gambit, Classical Variation that begins with the moves:Hooper & Whyld (1996), p. 241.
The Rice Gambit is a chess opening that arises from the King's Gambit Accepted.
The King's Pawn Game is any chess opening starting with the move: It is among the most popular opening moves in chess.
The Konstantinopolsky Opening is a rarely played chess opening that begins with the moves.
La Stratégie: Journal d'Échecs was a French monthly chess magazine published from 1867 to 1940.
The chess game between Emanuel Lasker and Johann Bauer played in Amsterdam in 1889 is one of the most famous on account of Lasker's sacrifice of both bishops to eliminate the pawn cover around his opponent's king, winning material and the game.
László Szabó (March 19, 1917 – August 8, 1998) was a Hungarian grandmaster of chess.
Le Palamède was the world's first periodical devoted to the game of chess.
Lev Borisovich Psakhis (לב בוריסוביץ' פסחיס; Лев Борисович Псахис; born 29 November 1958 in Krasnoyarsk, Russia) is a naturalised Israeli chess grandmaster, trainer and author.
Libro de la invencion liberal y arte del juego del axedrez (translation: Book of the liberal invention and art of the game of chess) is one of the first books published about modern chess in Europe, after Pedro Damiano's 1512 book.
Lionel Adalbert Bagration Felix Kieseritzky (in Tartu – in Paris) was a Baltic German chess master, famous primarily for a game he lost against Adolf Anderssen, which because of its brilliance was named "The Immortal Game".
This is a list of chess openings that are gambits.
The Oxford Companion to Chess lists 1,327 named openings and variants.
The Oxford Companion to Chess lists 1,327 named openings and variants.
This is a list of notable people who have changed, adopted or adjusted their surnames based on a mother's or grandmother's maiden name.
London 1851 was the first international chess tournament.
Lothar Maximilian Lorenz Schmid (10 May 1928 – 18 May 2013) was a German chess grandmaster.
Lubomir (Lubosh) Kavalek (Lubomír Kaválek, born August 9, 1943) is a Czech-American chess player.
The Lucena position is one of the most famous and important positions in chess endgame theory, where one side has a rook and a pawn and the defender has a rook.
Luis Ramírez de Lucena (c. 1465 – c. 1530) was a Spanish chess player who published the first still-existing chess book.
Madrasi chess is a chess variant invented in 1979 by Abdul Jabbar Karwatkar.
A man (german: Mann) is a fairy chess piece often used in chess variants.
Mark Izrailovich Dvoretsky (Марк Израилевич Дворецкий; December 9, 1947 – September 26, 2016) was a Russian chess trainer, writer, and International Master.
Miksa (Max) Weisz (21 July 1857 – 14 March 1927) was an Austrian chess player born in the Kingdom of Hungary.
Michael Francis Stean (born 4 September 1953) is an English chess grandmaster, an author of chess books and a tax accountant.
The Mieses Opening is a chess opening that begins with the move: The opening is named after the German-British grandmaster Jacques Mieses.
Miguel Ángel Quinteros (born December 28, 1947 in Buenos Aires) is an Argentine chess grandmaster.
Mikhail Moiseyevich Botvinnik (Михаи́л Моисе́евич Ботви́нник,; – May 5, 1995) was a Soviet and Russian International Grandmaster and World Chess Champion for most of 1948 to 1963.
Mikhail Ivanovich Chigorin (also Tchigorin; Михаи́л Ива́нович Чиго́рин; –) was a leading Russian chess player.
Milan Matulović (10 June 1935 – 9 October 2013) was a chess grandmaster who was the second or third strongest Yugoslav player for much of the 1960s and 1970s behind Svetozar Gligorić and possibly Borislav Ivkov.
A model mate is a type of pure mate checkmating position in chess in which not only is the checkmated king and all vacant squares in its field attacked only once, and squares in the king's field occupied by friendly units are not also attacked by the mating side (unless such a unit is necessarily pinned to the king), but all units of the mating side (with the possible exception of the king and pawns) participate actively in forming the mating net.
The Modenese Masters were three 18th-century chess masters and writers from Modena, Italy.
The Modern Benoni is a chess opening that begins with the moves 1.
Modern Chess Openings (usually called) is an important reference book on chess openings, first published in 1911 by the British players Richard Clewin Griffith (1872–1955) and John Herbert White (1880–1920).
Moscow 1935 was the second international chess tournament held in Moscow, taking place from 15 February to 15 March 1935.
My 60 Memorable Games is a chess book by Bobby Fischer, first published in 1969.
Nathaniel Cooke was the designer of a set of chess figures, which is now the standard set.
A nightrider (also known as a knightmare or unicorn, though the latter sometimes also means the bishop+nightrider compound) is a fairy chess piece that can move any number of steps as a knight in the same direction.
Nikolai (Nikolay) Nikolaevich Riumin (Ryumin, Rjumin, Rumin) (Николай Николаевич Рюмин; 5 September 1908, Moscow – 1942, Omsk) was a Russian chess master, one of the strongest Soviet players of the 1930s.
Nomen nescio, abbreviated to N.N., is used to signify an anonymous or unnamed person.
OCC may refer to.
Oleg Mikhailovich Romanishin (Олег Михайлович Романишин; born 10 January 1952) is a Ukrainian chess grandmaster and former European junior champion.
An open file in chess is a with no pawns of either color on it.
An Open Game (or Double King's Pawn Opening) is a chess opening that begins with the following moves: White has moved the king's pawn two squares and Black has replied in kind.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to chess: Chess is a two-player board game played on a chessboard (a square-checkered board with 64 squares arranged in an eight-by-eight grid).
An outpost is a square on the fourth, fifth, sixth, or seventh which is protected by a pawn and which cannot be attacked by an opponent's pawn.
Owen's Defence (also known as the Queen's Fianchetto Defence or Greek Defense) is an uncommon chess opening defined by the moves: By playing 1...b6, Black prepares to fianchetto the where it will participate in the battle for the.
Oxford Companions is a book series published by Oxford University Press, providing general knowledge within a specific area.
Paolo Boi (1528–1598) was an Italian chess player.
In chess, a passed pawn is a pawn with no opposing pawns to prevent it from advancing to the eighth; i.e. there are no opposing pawns in front of it on either the same or adjacent files.
Paul Saladin Leonhardt (13 November 1877 – 14 December 1934) was a German chess master.
The pawn (♙,♟) is the most numerous piece in the game of chess, and in most circumstances, also the weakest.
A pawnless chess endgame is a chess endgame in which only a few pieces remain and none of them is a pawn.
Pedro Damiano (in Portuguese, Pedro Damião; Damiano is the Italian form, much like the Latin Damianus) was a Portuguese chess player who lived from 1480 to 1544.
In the game of chess, perpetual check is a situation in which one player can force a draw by an unending series of checks.
The Marshall Trap is a chess opening trap in Petrov's Defence named after Frank Marshall.
The Philidor Defence is a chess opening characterised by the moves: The opening is named after the famous 18th-century player François-André Danican Philidor, who advocated it as an alternative to the common 2...Nc6.
Philippe Ambroise Durand (1799 – 11 February 1880) was a French abbé and chess writer.
Pierre Charles Fournier de Saint-Amant (12 September 1800 – 29 October 1872) was a leading French chess master and an editor of the chess periodical Le Palamède.
Pietro Carrera, (July 12, 1573 – September 18, 1647) was a chess player, historian, priest and Italian author, born in Sicily, in Militello in Val di Catania (Province of Catania), located in the Valley of Noto; here he grew up in the old colony of San Vito.
In chess, a pin is a situation brought on by an attacking piece in which a defending piece cannot move without exposing a more valuable defending piece on its other side to capture by the attacking piece.
The Polish Defense is the name commonly given to one of several sequences of chess opening moves characterized by an early...b5 by Black.
Preston Ware Jr. (August 12, 1821 – January 29, 1890) was a US chess player.
Promotion is a chess rule that requires a pawn that reaches its eighth to be immediately replaced by the player's choice of a queen, knight, rook, or bishop of the same.
In the game of chess, prophylaxis (Greek προφυλαξις, "prophylaxis," guarding or preventing beforehand) or a prophylactic move is a move that stops the opponent from taking action in a certain area for fear of some type of reprisal.
A pure mate is a checkmating position in chess in which the mated king and all vacant squares in its field are attacked only once, and squares in the king's field occupied by friendly units are not also attacked by the mating side (unless such a unit is necessarily pinned to the king to avoid it interposing to block the check or capturing of mating unit).
The queen (♕,♛) is the most powerful piece in the game of chess, able to move any number of squares vertically, horizontally or diagonally.
In chess, the Cambridge Springs Defense (or less commonly, the Pillsbury Variation) is a variation of the Queen's Gambit Declined that begins with the moves: Black breaks the pin on the h4–d8 diagonal and forms a pin of his own on the c3-knight (exploiting the absence of the White's queen bishop from the). If Black later plays dxc4, there may be threats against the g5-bishop.
The Queen's Knight Defense (also known as the Nimzowitsch Queen Pawn Defence or Bogoljubow–Mikenas Defense) is a chess opening defined by the moves: Unless the game transposes to another opening, the Encyclopedia of Chess Openings code for the Queen's Knight Defense is A40.
Rafael Vaganian (Ռաֆայել Արտյոմի Վահանյան, Rrafayel Artyomi Vahanyan, Рафаэль Артёмович Ваганян, Rafael Artemovich Vaganyan) is an Armenian chess grandmaster known for his sharp tactical style of play.
Rainer Fritz Albert Knaak (born March 16, 1953 in Pasewalk, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern) is a German Chess Grandmaster.
Raymond Dennis Keene OBE (born 29 January 1948) is an English chess Grandmaster, a FIDE International Arbiter, a chess organiser, and a journalist and author.
Richard Kenneth Guy (born 30 September 1916) is a British mathematician, professor emeritus in the Department of Mathematics at the University of Calgary.
Richard Teichmann (24 December 1868 – 15 June 1925) was a German chess master.
A rook (♖,♜) is a piece in the strategy board game of chess.
The rules of chess (also known as the laws of chess) are rules governing the play of the game of chess.
Rodrigo (Ruy) López de Segura (c. 1530 – c. 1580) was a Spanish priest and later bishop in Segura whose 1561 book Libro de la invención liberal y arte del juego del Axedrez was one of the first definitive books about modern chess in Europe, preceded only by Pedro Damiano's 1512 book, Luis Ramírez de Lucena's 1497 book (the oldest surviving printed book on chess), and the Göttingen manuscript (authorship and exact date of the manuscript are unknown).
The Ruy Lopez, also called the Spanish Opening or Spanish Game, is a chess opening characterised by the moves: The Ruy Lopez is named after 16th-century Spanish bishop Ruy López de Segura.
The Mortimer Trap is a chess opening trap in the Ruy Lopez named after James Mortimer.
The Noah's Ark Trap is a chess opening trap in the Ruy Lopez.
Tarrasch Trap refers to two different chess opening traps in the Ruy Lopez that are named for Siegbert Tarrasch.
Samuel (Sml) or Salomon (Slm) Lipschütz (July 4, 1863 in Ungvár, Ung County – November 30, 1905 in Hamburg) was a chess player and author.
The Saavedra position is one of the best known chess endgame studies.
Samuel Standidge Boden (1826–1882) was an English professional chess master.
Samuel Herman Reshevsky (born Szmul Rzeszewski; November 26, 1911 – April 4, 1992) was a Polish chess prodigy and later a leading American chess grandmaster.
The Saragossa Opening is a chess opening defined by the opening move: Since White usually plays more aggressively in the opening, the Saragossa is considered an irregular opening, classified as A00 by the Encyclopaedia of Chess Openings.
The Scheveningen system is a method of organizing a chess match between two teams.
In chess, Scholar's Mate is the checkmate achieved by the following moves, or similar: The same mating pattern may be reached by various move orders.
A school of chess denotes a chess player or group of players that share common ideas about the strategy of the game.
A Semi-Closed Game (or Semi-Closed Opening) is a chess opening in which White plays 1.d4 but Black does not make the symmetrical reply 1...d5.
The Semi-Italian Opening (also known as Half Giuoco Piano, Lesser Giuoco Piano, and Paris Defence) is one of Black's responses to the Italian Game.
A Semi-Open Game is a chess opening in which White plays 1.e4 and Black breaks symmetry immediately by replying with a move other than 1...e5.
Semyon Zinovyevich Alapin (Семён Зиновьевич Алапин; in Saint Petersburg – 15 July 1923 in Heidelberg) was a chess master, openings analyst, and puzzle composer.
Sergey Viktorovich Dolmatov (born February 20, 1959) is a Russian Grandmaster of chess and former World Junior Chess Champion.
Sergio Mariotti (born August 10, 1946 in Florence) is an Italian Grandmaster of chess and former national champion.
The Sicilian Defence, Chekhover Variation (also sometimes called the Szily Variation or Hungarian Variation) is a chess opening named after Vitaly Chekhover, from the game Chekhover–Lisitsin, Leningrad 1938.
The Magnus Smith Trap is a chess opening trap in the Sicilian Defence, named after three-time Canadian chess champion Magnus Smith (1869–1934).
In chess, a skewer is an attack upon two pieces in a line and is similar to a pin.
In chess, a smothered mate is a checkmate delivered by a knight in which the mated king is unable to move because he is surrounded (or smothered) by his own pieces.
The Sokolsky Opening (also known as the Orangutan or Polish) is an uncommon chess opening that begins with the move: According to various databases, out of the twenty possible first moves from White, the move 1.b4 ranks ninth in popularity.
The Sonneborn–Berger score (or the Neustadtl score) is a scoring system often used to break ties in chess tournaments.
Stalemate is a situation in the game of chess where the player whose turn it is to move is not in check but has no legal move.
The Staunton chess set is composed of a particular style of chess pieces used to play the game of chess.
The Staunton–Morphy controversy concerns the failure of negotiations in 1858 for a chess match between Howard Staunton and Paul Morphy and later interpretations of the actions of the two players.
A Steinitz Variation is any of several chess openings introduced and practiced, or adopted and advocated by Wilhelm Steinitz, the first officially recognized World Chess Champion.
The Stonewall Attack is a chess opening; more specifically it is a variation of the Queen's Pawn Game.
In chess, a swindle is a ruse by which a player in a losing position tricks his opponent, and thereby achieves a win or draw instead of the expected loss.
The Symmetrical Defense (or Austrian Defense) is a chess opening that begins with the moves: First described in print by Alessandro Salvio in 1604, the opening is often called the Austrian Defense because it was studied by Austrian chess players including Hans Haberditz (c. 1901–57), Hans Müller (1896–1971), and GM Ernst Grünfeld.
Tõnu Õim (spelled Tonu Iym in FIDE records), born 16 June 1941 in Raasiku, is an Estonian grandmaster of correspondence chess, most famous for being the first to have won the ICCF World Championship twice, in 1983 and 1999.
In chess and other chess-like games, tempo is a "turn" or single move.
The exchange in chess refers to a situation in which one player loses a minor piece (i.e. a bishop or knight) but captures the opponent's rook.
Thomas Rayner Dawson (28 November 1889 – 16 December 1951) was an English chess problemist and is acknowledged as "the father of Fairy Chess".
Thomas Wilson Barnes (1825–1874) was an English chess master, one of the leading British masters of his time.
Three-dimensional chess (or 3D chess) refers to any chess variant that uses multiple boards at different levels, allowing the chess pieces to move in three physical dimensions.
In chess and some other abstract strategy games, the threefold repetition rule (also known as repetition of position) states that a player can claim a draw if the same position occurs three times, or will occur after their next move, with the same player to move.
Tie-break systems are used in chess Swiss system tournaments to break ties between players who have the same total number of points after the last round.
The touch-move rule in chess specifies that, if a player deliberately touches a piece on the board when it is his turn to move, then he must move or capture that piece if it is legal to do so.
A transposition in chess and other chess-like games is a sequence of moves that results in a position which may also be reached by another, more common sequence of moves.
The Trompowsky Attack is a chess opening that begins with the moves: With his second move, White intends to exchange his bishop for Black's knight, inflicting doubled pawns upon Black in the process.
Turton doubling is a manoeuvre in chess in which a piece moves along a line (rank, file or diagonal), then a similarly-moving piece moves onto the same line in front of it, then this second piece moves again along this line, in the opposite direction to that of the first.
The Two Knights Defense is a chess opening that begins with the moves: First recorded by Polerio (c. 1550 – c. 1610) in the late 16th century, this line of the Italian Game was extensively developed in the 19th century.
The two knights endgame is a chess endgame with a king and two knights versus a king.
The USA vs.
The Van't Kruijs Opening is a chess opening defined by the move: It is named after the Amsterdam player Maarten van 't Kruijs (1813–85) who won the sixth Dutch championship in 1878.
Vasily Nikolayevich Panov (Васи́лий Никола́евич Пано́в, November 1, 1906 – January 13, 1973) was a Soviet chess player, author, and journalist.
Viacheslav Vasilyevich Ragozin (Вячесла́в Васи́льевич Раго́зин, 8 October 1908 – 11 March 1962) was a Soviet chess Grandmaster, an International Arbiter of chess, and a World Correspondence Chess Champion.
Victor Ivanovich Soultanbéieff (also spelled Sultanbajew, Sultanbaev, Sultanbeev, Sultanbejeff, Sultanbaieff, etc.; 11 November 1895 – 9 February 1972) was a Belgian chess master.
The Würzburger Trap is a chess opening trap in the Vienna Gambit.
Vitaly Valeryevich Tseshkovsky (Виталий Валерьевич Цешковский; 25 September 1944, Omsk – 24 December 2011, Krasnodar) was a Russian chess Grandmaster and a former champion of the USSR.
Vladimir Andreyevich Savon (Влади́мир Андре́евич Саво́н, b. 26 September 1940, Chernihiv – d. 1 June 2005, Kharkiv) was a Ukrainian chess Grandmaster.
Vladimir Borisovich Tukmakov (born March 5, 1946 in Odessa) is a Ukrainian chess grandmaster.
Vladimir Pavlovich Zagorovsky (Влади́мир Па́влович Загоро́вский; 29 June 1925, Voronezh, Russia, formerly USSR – 6 November 1994, Voronezh, Russia) was a Russian chess grandmaster of correspondence chess.
Vlastimil Jansa (born November 27, 1942 in Prague) is a chess grandmaster from the Czech Republic (formerly Czechoslovakia).
The Ware Opening, also known as Meadow Hay Opening, is an uncommon chess opening for White beginning with the move: It is named after Preston Ware, a U.S. chess player who often played uncommon openings.
In chess, the player who moves first is referred to as "White" and the player who moves second is referred to as "Black".
William James Joseph Lombardy (December 4, 1937 – October 13, 2017) was an American chess grandmaster, chess writer, teacher, and former Catholic priest.
William Norwood Potter (27 August 1840 – 13 March 1895) was an English chess master and writer.
In chess, a windmill is a tactic in which a combination of discovered checks and regular checks, usually by a rook and a bishop, often forcing the opposing king to move back and forth between two squares, can win massive amounts of.
Wolfgang Uhlmann (born 29 March 1935) is a prominent German International Grandmaster of chess.
Wolfgang Unzicker (26 June 1925 – 20 April 2006) was one of the strongest German chess Grandmasters from 1945 to about 1970.
The World Amateur Chess Championship is a tournament organised by the World Chess Federation, FIDE.
The World Chess Championship (sometimes abbreviated as WCC) is played to determine the World Champion in chess.
Yakov Borisovich Estrin (Russian: Яков Борисович Эстрин, April 21, 1923 – February 2, 1987) was a Russian chess International Master, International Correspondence Chess Grandmaster and world champion, chess theoretician, and writer.
Zürich 1934 was an international chess tournament held in Zürich from 14 to 29 July 1934 to commemorate the 125th anniversary of Schachgesellschaft Zürich (the Zürich Chess Society).
Zepler doubling is a manoeuvre in chess in which a piece moves along a certain line (rank, file or diagonal), then another friendly piece moves onto that same line, then the first piece moves again in the same direction as before.
Zoltán Ribli (born September 6, 1951 in Mohács) is a Hungarian chess grandmaster and International Arbiter (1995).
Zugzwang (German for "compulsion to move") is a situation found in chess and other games wherein one player is put at a disadvantage because they must make a move when they would prefer to pass and not move.
The Zukertort Opening is a chess opening named after Johannes Zukertort that begins with the move: Sometimes the term "Réti Opening" is used to describe the opening move 1.Nf3, although most sources define the Réti more narrowly as the sequence 1.Nf3 d5 2.c4.
The zwischenzug (German: "intermediate move") is a chess tactic in which a player, instead of playing the expected move (commonly a), first interposes another move posing an immediate threat that the opponent must answer, and only then plays the expected move.
Events in chess in 1940.