Logo
Unionpedia
Communication
Get it on Google Play
New! Download Unionpedia on your Android™ device!
Free
Faster access than browser!
 

The Oxford Companion to Chess

Index The Oxford Companion to Chess

The Oxford Companion to Chess is a reference book on the game of chess, written by David Hooper and Kenneth Whyld. [1]

333 relations: A History of Chess, Adolf Albin, Adolf Anderssen, Aivars Gipslis, Akiba Rubinstein, Albéric O'Kelly de Galway, Albin Countergambit, Albin Countergambit, Lasker Trap, Aleksandar Matanović, Alessandro Salvio, Alexander Alekhine, Alexander Kotov, Alexander Rueb, Alexander Tolush, Alexandre Deschapelles, Alexey Dreev, Alexey Suetin, Alice Chess, Allumwandlung, Amar Opening, American Chess Association, András Adorján, André Chéron, Anglo-American cable chess matches, Arnold Denker, Aron Nimzowitsch, Artur Yusupov, Ľubomír Ftáčnik, Babson task, Back-rank checkmate, Bare king, Barnes Opening, Battery (chess), Berlin Pleiades, Bernhard Horwitz, Bird's Opening, Bishop (chess), Bishop's Opening, Blindfold chess, Bobby Fischer, Boden's Mate, Boris Kostić, British Chess Magazine, Buchholz system, Carl August Walbrodt, Carlos Torre Repetto, Castling, Chaturanga, Check (chess), Checkmate, ..., Chess, Chess diagram, Chess endgame, Chess in the arts, Chess libraries, Chess notation, Chess opening, Chess piece, Chess piece relative value, Chess rating system, Chess theory, Chess tournament, Circe chess, Clemenz Opening, Combination (chess), Conel Hugh O'Donel Alexander, Cox–Forbes theory, Cross-check, Daniël Noteboom, David Bronstein, David Vincent Hooper, Deflection (chess), Descriptive notation, Desperado (chess), Deutsche Schachzeitung, Development of the World Chess Championship, Domenico Lorenzo Ponziani, Double check, Doubled pawns, Dražen Marović, Draw (chess), Draw by agreement, Dunst Opening, Dutch Defence, Emanuel Lasker, Emanuel Schiffers, Emil Schallopp, En passant, Englund Gambit, Ercole del Rio, Erich Eliskases, Erich Zepler, Ernest Klein (chess player), Ernest Pogosyants, Ernst Falkbeer, Eugène Rousseau (chess player), Eugene Znosko-Borovsky, Eugenio Torre, Evergreen Game, Evgeny Sveshnikov, Ferdinand Maack, Fianchetto, FIDE, FIDE titles, Fifty-move rule, Flank opening, Flight square, Florin Gheorghiu, Fool's mate, Fork (chess), Fortress (chess), François-André Danican Philidor, Fred Reinfeld, French Defence, Garry Kasparov, Göttingen manuscript, GBR code, Gennady Kuzmin, George H. D. Gossip, Gioachino Greco, Giuoco Piano, Glossary of chess, Glossary of chess problems, Grandmaster (chess), Greek gift sacrifice, Grigory Levenfish, Grotesque (chess), Group tournament ranking system, Győző Forintos, Gyula Breyer, H. J. R. Murray, Handbuch des Schachspiels, Handicap (chess), Hans-Joachim Hecht, Hastings International Chess Congress, Helpmate, Henri Rinck, Henrique Mecking, Henry Bird (chess player), Henry Charlick, Henry Ernest Atkins, Herman Steiner, Hermanis Matisons, Hexagonal chess, History of chess, Horst Rittner, Howard Staunton, Hugh Alexander Kennedy, Hugh Myers, Hungarian Defense, ICCF numeric notation, Ideal mate, Igor Zaitsev, Immortal Game, Indian Defence, Inverted Hungarian Opening, Isaac Boleslavsky, Italian Gambit, Ivan Radulov, Jackson Showalter, Jacob Sarratt, James Hanham, James Macrae Aitken, James Mortimer (chess player), Jan Rusinek, Jan Timman, Jóhann Hjartarson, Jean Dufresne, Jean-Louis Preti, Jeremy Gaige, Johann Hermann Bauer, Johann Löwenthal, John Cochrane (chess player), John Roycroft, John Wisker, José Raúl Capablanca, Joseph Bertin, Josif Dorfman, Jules Arnous de Rivière, Julius Mendheim, Ken Whyld, Keres Defence, King's Gambit, McDonnell Gambit, King's Gambit, Rice Gambit, King's Pawn Game, Konstantinopolsky Opening, La Stratégie, Lasker versus Bauer, Amsterdam, 1889, László Szabó (chess player), Le Palamède, Lev Psakhis, Libro de la invencion liberal y arte del juego del axedrez, Lionel Kieseritzky, List of chess gambits, List of chess openings named after people, List of chess openings named after places, List of people who adopted matrilineal surnames, London 1851 chess tournament, Lothar Schmid, Lubomir Kavalek, Lucena position, Luis Ramírez de Lucena, Madrasi chess, Mann (chess), Mark Dvoretsky, Max Weiss, Michael Stean, Mieses Opening, Miguel Quinteros, Mikhail Botvinnik, Mikhail Chigorin, Milan Matulović, Model mate, Modenese Masters, Modern Benoni, Modern Chess Openings, Moscow 1935 chess tournament, My 60 Memorable Games, Nathaniel Cook, Nightrider (chess), Nikolai Riumin, Nomen nescio, OCC, Oleg Romanishin, Open file, Open Game, Outline of chess, Outpost (chess), Owen's Defence, Oxford Companions, Paolo Boi, Passed pawn, Paul Saladin Leonhardt, Pawn (chess), Pawnless chess endgame, Pedro Damiano, Perpetual check, Petar Trifunović, Petrov's Defence, Marshall Trap, Philidor Defence, Philippe Ambroise Durand, Pierre Charles Fournier de Saint-Amant, Pietro Carrera, Pin (chess), Polish Defense, Preston Ware, Promotion (chess), Prophylaxis (chess), Pure mate, Queen (chess), Queen's Gambit Declined, Cambridge Springs Defense, Queen's Knight Defense, Rafael Vaganian, Rainer Knaak, Raymond Keene, Richard K. Guy, Richard Teichmann, Rook (chess), Rules of chess, Ruy López de Segura, Ruy Lopez, Ruy Lopez, Mortimer Trap, Ruy Lopez, Noah's Ark Trap, Ruy Lopez, Tarrasch Trap, S. Lipschütz, Saavedra position, Samuel Boden, Samuel Reshevsky, Saragossa Opening, Scheveningen system, Scholar's mate, School of chess, Semi-Closed Game, Semi-Italian Opening, Semi-Open Game, Semyon Alapin, Sergey Dolmatov, Sergio Mariotti, Sicilian Defence, Chekhover Variation, Sicilian Defence, Magnus Smith Trap, Skewer (chess), Smothered mate, Sokolsky Opening, Sonneborn–Berger score, Stalemate, Staunton chess set, Staunton–Morphy controversy, Steinitz Variation, Stonewall Attack, Swindle (chess), Symmetrical Defense, Tõnu Õim, Tempo (chess), The exchange (chess), Thomas Rayner Dawson, Thomas Wilson Barnes, Three-dimensional chess, Threefold repetition, Tie-breaking in Swiss-system tournaments, Touch-move rule, Transposition (chess), Trompowsky Attack, Turton doubling, Two Knights Defense, Two knights endgame, USA vs. USSR radio chess match 1945, Van't Kruijs Opening, Vasily Panov, Viacheslav Ragozin, Victor Soultanbeieff, Vienna Game, Würzburger Trap, Vitaly Tseshkovsky, Vladimir Savon, Vladimir Tukmakov, Vladimir Zagorovsky, Vlastimil Jansa, Ware Opening, White and Black in chess, William Lombardy, William Norwood Potter, Windmill (chess), Wolfgang Uhlmann, Wolfgang Unzicker, World Amateur Chess Championship, World Chess Championship, Yakov Estrin, Zürich 1934 chess tournament, Zepler doubling, Zoltán Ribli, Zugzwang, Zukertort Opening, Zwischenzug, 1940 in chess. Expand index (283 more) »

A History of Chess

The book A History of Chess was written by H. J. R. Murray (1868–1955) and published in 1913.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and A History of Chess · See more »

Adolf Albin

Adolf Albin (14 September 1848 – 1 February 1920) was a Romanian chess player.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Adolf Albin · See more »

Adolf Anderssen

Karl Ernst Adolf Anderssen (July 6, 1818 – March 13, 1879)"Anderssen, Adolf" in The New Encyclopædia Britannica.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Adolf Anderssen · See more »

Aivars Gipslis

Aivars Gipslis (February 8, 1937 – April 13, 2000) was a Latvian chess FIDE Grandmaster and also an ICCF Grandmaster, and a chess writer and editor.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Aivars Gipslis · See more »

Akiba Rubinstein

Akiba Kiwelowicz Rubinstein (1 December 1880 – 14 March 1961) was a Polish chess grandmaster who is considered to have been one of the strongest players never to have become World Chess Champion.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Akiba Rubinstein · See more »

Albéric O'Kelly de Galway

Albéric Joseph Rodolphe Marie Robert Ghislain O'Kelly de Galway (17 May 1911, Anderlecht – 3 October 1980, Brussels) was a Belgian chess Grandmaster (1956), an International Correspondence Chess Grandmaster (1962), and the third ICCF World Champion in correspondence chess (1959–1962).

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Albéric O'Kelly de Galway · See more »

Albin Countergambit

The Albin Countergambit is a chess opening that begins with the moves: and the usual continuation is: The opening is an uncommon defense to the Queen's Gambit.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Albin Countergambit · See more »

Albin Countergambit, Lasker Trap

The Lasker Trap is a chess opening trap in the Albin Countergambit, named after Emanuel Lasker, although it was first noted by Serafino Dubois.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Albin Countergambit, Lasker Trap · See more »

Aleksandar Matanović

Aleksandar Matanović (born May 23, 1930) is a Serbian chess Grandmaster.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Aleksandar Matanović · See more »

Alessandro Salvio

Alessandro Salvio (c. 1570 – c. 1640) was an Italian chess player who is considered to be the unofficial world champion around the year 1600.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Alessandro Salvio · See more »

Alexander Alekhine

Alexander Alekhine (Алекса́ндр Алекса́ндрович Але́хин, Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Alekhin;; March 24, 1946) was a Russian and French chess player and the fourth World Chess Champion.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Alexander Alekhine · See more »

Alexander Kotov

Alexander Alexandrovich Kotov (Алекса́ндр Алекса́ндрович Ко́тов; – 8 January 1981) was a Soviet chess grandmaster and author.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Alexander Kotov · See more »

Alexander Rueb

Alexander Rueb (December 27, 1882 – February 2, 1959) was a Dutch lawyer, diplomat, and chess official.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Alexander Rueb · See more »

Alexander Tolush

Alexander Kazimirovich Tolush (1 May 1910 – 3 March 1969) was a Soviet chess grandmaster.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Alexander Tolush · See more »

Alexandre Deschapelles

Alexandre Deschapelles (March 7, 1780 in Ville-d'Avray near VersaillesOctober 27, 1847 in Paris) was a French chess player who, between the death of François-André Danican Philidor and the rise of Louis-Charles Mahé de La Bourdonnais, was probably the strongest player in the world.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Alexandre Deschapelles · See more »

Alexey Dreev

Alexey Dreev (Алексей Дреев; born 30 January 1969) is a Russian chess grandmaster.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Alexey Dreev · See more »

Alexey Suetin

Alexey (Aleksei) Stepanovich Suetin (Алексе́й Степа́нович Суэ́тин; November 16, 1926 in Kirovohrad – September 10, 2001 in Moscow) was a Russian International Grandmaster of chess and author.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Alexey Suetin · See more »

Alice Chess

Alice Chess is a chess variant invented in 1953 by V. R. Parton which employs two chessboards rather than one, and a slight (but significant) alteration to the standard rules of chess.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Alice Chess · See more »

Allumwandlung

Allumwandlung (German for "complete promotion", sometimes abbreviated AUW) is a chess problem theme where, at some stage in the solution, a pawn (or sometimes pawns) is promoted variously to a queen, rook, bishop, and knight.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Allumwandlung · See more »

Amar Opening

The Amar Opening (also known as Paris Opening, Drunken Knight Opening, or Ammonia Opening) is a chess opening defined by the move: This opening is sometimes known as the Ammonia Opening, since NH3 is the chemical formula for ammonia.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Amar Opening · See more »

American Chess Association

The American Chess Association (ACA) was a chess organization founded in New York City in 1857.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and American Chess Association · See more »

András Adorján

András Adorján (born András Jocha, 31 March 1950, Budapest) is a Hungarian chess Grandmaster (1973) and author.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and András Adorján · See more »

André Chéron

André Chéron (September 25, 1895 – September 12, 1980) was a French chess player, endgame theorist, and a composer of endgame studies.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and André Chéron · See more »

Anglo-American cable chess matches

The Anglo-American cable chess matches were a series of yearly chess matches between teams from the United States and Great Britain conducted over transatlantic cable from 1896 to 1911, except for the three-year gap of 1904 to 1906 when no matches were held.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Anglo-American cable chess matches · See more »

Arnold Denker

Arnold Sheldon Denker (February 20, 1914 – January 2, 2005) was an American chess player, Grandmaster, and chess author.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Arnold Denker · See more »

Aron Nimzowitsch

Aron Nimzowitsch (Ārons Nimcovičs, Аро́н Иса́евич Нимцо́вич, Aron Isayevich Nimtsovich; born Aron Niemzowitsch; 7 November 1886 – 16 March 1935) was a Russian-born, Danish leading chess grandmaster and influential chess writer.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Aron Nimzowitsch · See more »

Artur Yusupov

Artur Mayakovich Yusupov (Арту́р Маякович Юсу́пов; Artur Majakowitsch Jussupow; born February 13, 1960 in Moscow, Soviet Union) is a Russian chess grandmaster and a chess writer.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Artur Yusupov · See more »

Ľubomír Ftáčnik

Ľubomír Ftáčnik (born October 30, 1957 in Bratislava) is a Slovak chess player and a former European Junior Champion.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Ľubomír Ftáčnik · See more »

Babson task

The Babson task is a particular type of chess problem, namely, a directmate with the following properties.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Babson task · See more »

Back-rank checkmate

In chess, a back-rank checkmate (also known as the corridor mate) is a checkmate delivered by a rook or queen along a back rank (that is, the row on which the pieces stand at the start of the game) in which the mated king is unable to move up the board because the king is blocked by friendly pieces (usually pawns) on the second rank.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Back-rank checkmate · See more »

Bare king

In chess and chess variants, a bare king (or lone king) is a game position where one player has only the king remaining (i.e. all the player's other pieces have been).

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Bare king · See more »

Barnes Opening

Barnes Opening is a chess opening where White opens with: The opening is named after Thomas Wilson Barnes (1825–1874), an English player who had an impressive eight wins over Paul Morphy, including one game where Barnes answered 1.e4 with 1...f6, known as Barnes Defence.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Barnes Opening · See more »

Battery (chess)

A battery in chess is a formation that consists of two or more pieces on the same rank, file, or diagonal.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Battery (chess) · See more »

Berlin Pleiades

The Berlin Pleiades – a group of seven stars of German chess - Die Berliner Schule or Das Berliner Siebengestirn (die Plejaden) – in the 19th century, lasting 1837–43.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Berlin Pleiades · See more »

Bernhard Horwitz

Bernhard Horwitz (1807 in Neustrelitz – 1885) was a German chess master and chess writer.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Bernhard Horwitz · See more »

Bird's Opening

Bird's Opening (or the Dutch Attack) is a chess opening characterised by the move: Bird's is a standard flank opening.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Bird's Opening · See more »

Bishop (chess)

A bishop (♗,♝) is a piece in the board game of chess.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Bishop (chess) · See more »

Bishop's Opening

The Bishop's Opening is a chess opening that begins with the moves: White attacks Black's f7-square and prevents Black from advancing his d-pawn to d5.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Bishop's Opening · See more »

Blindfold chess

Blindfold chess (also known as sans voir) is a form of chess play wherein the players do not see the positions of the pieces or touch them.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Blindfold chess · See more »

Bobby Fischer

Robert James Fischer (March 9, 1943January 17, 2008) was an American chess grandmaster and the eleventh World Chess Champion.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Bobby Fischer · See more »

Boden's Mate

Boden's Mate is a checkmating pattern in chess characterized by bishops on two criss-crossing diagonals (for example, bishops on a6 and f4 delivering mate to a king on c8), with possible flight squares for the king being occupied by friendly pieces.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Boden's Mate · See more »

Boris Kostić

Borislav Kostić (aka Boris or Bora Kostic, Kostitsch; 24 February 1887 – 3 November 1963) was a Serbian chess grandmaster and a noted popularizer of the game.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Boris Kostić · See more »

British Chess Magazine

British Chess Magazine is the world's oldest chess journal in continuous publication.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and British Chess Magazine · See more »

Buchholz system

The Buchholz system (also spelled Buchholtz) is a ranking or scoring system in chess developed by Bruno Buchholz (died ca. 1958) in 1932, for Swiss system tournaments.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Buchholz system · See more »

Carl August Walbrodt

Carl August Walbrodt (November 28, 1871, Amsterdam – October 3, 1902, Berlin) was a German chess master.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Carl August Walbrodt · See more »

Carlos Torre Repetto

Carlos Jesús Torre Repetto (29 November 1904Hooper/Whyld, Gaige say 1905. in Mérida, Yucatán – 19 March 1978 in Mérida, Yucatán) was a chess grandmaster from Mexico.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Carlos Torre Repetto · See more »

Castling

Castling is a move in the game of chess involving a player's king and either of the player's original rooks.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Castling · See more »

Chaturanga

Chaturanga (चतुरङ्ग), or catur for short, is an ancient Indian strategy game which is commonly theorized to be the common ancestor of the board games chess, shogi, sittuyin, makruk, xiangqi and janggi.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Chaturanga · See more »

Check (chess)

A check is a condition in chess, shogi, and xiangqi that occurs when a player's king (or general in xiangqi) is under threat of on their opponent's next turn.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Check (chess) · See more »

Checkmate

Checkmate (often shortened to mate) is a game position in chess and other chess-like games in which a player's king is in check (threatened with) and there is no way to remove the threat.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Checkmate · See more »

Chess

Chess is a two-player strategy board game played on a chessboard, a checkered gameboard with 64 squares arranged in an 8×8 grid.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Chess · See more »

Chess diagram

A chess diagram is graphic representation and stylized of a specific moment in a chess game, showing the different positions occupied by chess pieces in given time during game development.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Chess diagram · See more »

Chess endgame

In chess and chess-like games, the endgame (or end game or ending) is the stage of the game when few pieces are left on the board.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Chess endgame · See more »

Chess in the arts

Chess became a source of inspiration in the arts in literature soon after the spread of the game to the Arab World and Europe in the Middle Ages.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Chess in the arts · See more »

Chess libraries

Chess libraries are library collections of books and periodicals on the game of chess.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Chess libraries · See more »

Chess notation

Chess notations are various systems that have developed to record either the moves made in a game of chess or the position of pieces on a chessboard.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Chess notation · See more »

Chess opening

A chess opening or simply an opening refers to the initial moves of a chess game.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Chess opening · See more »

Chess piece

A chess piece, or chessman, is any of the six different movable objects used on a chessboard to play the game of chess.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Chess piece · See more »

Chess piece relative value

In chess, the chess piece relative value system conventionally assigns a point value to each piece when assessing its relative strength in potential exchanges.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Chess piece relative value · See more »

Chess rating system

A chess rating system is a system used in chess to calculate an estimate of the strength of the player, based on his or her performance versus other players.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Chess rating system · See more »

Chess theory

The game of chess is commonly divided into three phases: the opening, middlegame, and endgame.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Chess theory · See more »

Chess tournament

A chess tournament is a series of chess games played competitively to determine a winning individual or team.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Chess tournament · See more »

Circe chess

Circe chess (or just Circe) is a chess variant in which captured pieces are reborn on their starting positions as soon as they are captured.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Circe chess · See more »

Clemenz Opening

The Clemenz Opening is a chess opening beginning with the move: This opening is named after Hermann Clemenz (1846–1908), an Estonian player.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Clemenz Opening · See more »

Combination (chess)

In chess, a combination is a sequence of moves, often initiated by a sacrifice, which leaves the opponent few options and results in tangible gain.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Combination (chess) · See more »

Conel Hugh O'Donel Alexander

Conel Hugh O'Donel Alexander (19 April 1909 – 15 February 1974), known as Hugh Alexander and C. H. O'D.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Conel Hugh O'Donel Alexander · See more »

Cox–Forbes theory

The Cox–Forbes theory is a long-debunked theory on the evolution of chess put forward by Captain Hiram Cox (1760–1799) and extended by Professor Duncan Forbes (1798–1868).

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Cox–Forbes theory · See more »

Cross-check

In chess, a cross-check is a tactic in which a check is played in response to a check, especially when the original check is blocked by a piece that itself either delivers check or reveals a discovered check from another piece.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Cross-check · See more »

Daniël Noteboom

Daniël Noteboom (26 February 1910 – 12 January 1932) was a Dutch chess player.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Daniël Noteboom · See more »

David Bronstein

David Ionovich Bronstein (Дави́д Ио́нович Бронште́йн; February 19, 1924 – December 5, 2006) was a Soviet chess grandmaster, who narrowly missed becoming World Chess Champion in 1951.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and David Bronstein · See more »

David Vincent Hooper

David Vincent Hooper (31 August 1915 – May 1998), born in Reigate, was a British chess player and writer.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and David Vincent Hooper · See more »

Deflection (chess)

Deflection in chess is a tactic that forces an opposing piece to leave the square, rank or file it occupies, thus exposing the king or a valuable piece.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Deflection (chess) · See more »

Descriptive notation

Descriptive notation is a notation for recording chess games, and at one time was the most popular notation in English- and Spanish-speaking countries.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Descriptive notation · See more »

Desperado (chess)

In chess, a desperado piece is a piece that is or trapped, but captures an enemy piece before it is itself captured.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Desperado (chess) · See more »

Deutsche Schachzeitung

Deutsche Schachzeitung (English: "German Chess Paper") was the first German chess magazine.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Deutsche Schachzeitung · See more »

Development of the World Chess Championship

The concept of a world chess champion started to emerge in the first half of the 19th century, and the phrase "world champion" appeared in 1845.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Development of the World Chess Championship · See more »

Domenico Lorenzo Ponziani

Domenico Lorenzo Ponziani (9 November 1719 – 15 July 1796) was an 18th-century Italian law professor, priest, chess player, composer and theoretician.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Domenico Lorenzo Ponziani · See more »

Double check

In chess, a double check is a check delivered by two pieces simultaneously.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Double check · See more »

Doubled pawns

In chess, doubled pawns are two pawns of the same color residing on the same file.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Doubled pawns · See more »

Dražen Marović

Dražen Marović (born January 14, 1938 in Split) is a Croatian (former Yugoslav) chess player, trainer, journalist, writer and broadcaster.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Dražen Marović · See more »

Draw (chess)

In chess, a draw is the result of a game ending in a tie.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Draw (chess) · See more »

Draw by agreement

In chess, a draw by (mutual) agreement is the outcome of a game due to the agreement of both players to a draw.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Draw by agreement · See more »

Dunst Opening

The Dunst Opening is a chess opening where White opens with the move: This fairly uncommon opening may have more names than any other: it is also called the Heinrichsen Opening, Baltic Opening, van Geet's Opening, Sleipnir Opening, Kotrč's Opening, Meštrović Opening, Romanian Opening, Queen's Knight Attack, Queen's Knight Opening, Millard's Opening, Knight on the Left, and (in German) der Linksspringer.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Dunst Opening · See more »

Dutch Defence

The Dutch Defence is a chess opening characterised by the moves: Black's 1...f5 stakes a serious claim to the e4-square and envisions an attack in the middlegame on White's; however, it also weakens Black's kingside some (especially the e8–h5 diagonal) and contributes nothing to Black's development.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Dutch Defence · See more »

Emanuel Lasker

Emanuel Lasker (December 24, 1868 – January 11, 1941) was a German chess player, mathematician, and philosopher who was World Chess Champion for 27 years (from 1894 to 1921).

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Emanuel Lasker · See more »

Emanuel Schiffers

Emanuel (Emmanuel) Stepanovich Schiffers (Эммануил Степанович Шифферс; –) was a Russian chess player and chess writer.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Emanuel Schiffers · See more »

Emil Schallopp

Emil Schallopp (1 August 1843, Friesack, Germany – 9 April 1919, Berlin) was a German chess player and author.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Emil Schallopp · See more »

En passant

En passant (in passing) is a move in chess.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and En passant · See more »

Englund Gambit

The Englund Gambit is a rarely played chess opening that starts with the moves: Black's idea is to avoid the traditional closed queen's pawn games and create an open game with tactical chances, but at the cost of a pawn.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Englund Gambit · See more »

Ercole del Rio

Domenico Ercole del Rio (c. 1718 – c. 1802) was an Italian lawyer and author.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Ercole del Rio · See more »

Erich Eliskases

Erich Gottlieb Eliskases (15 February 1913 – 2 February 1997) was a chess grandmaster of the 1930s and 1940s, who represented Austria, Germany and Argentina in international competition.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Erich Eliskases · See more »

Erich Zepler

Erich Ernest Zepler (27 January 1898 - 13 May 1980), later known as Eric, was a German-born electronics expert and chess problem composer.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Erich Zepler · See more »

Ernest Klein (chess player)

Ernest Ludwig Klein (1910–1990) was an Austrian-British chess master and author.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Ernest Klein (chess player) · See more »

Ernest Pogosyants

Ernest Levonovich Pogosyants (June 5, 1935, Chuhuiv – August 16, 1990) was a Soviet-Armenian composer of chess problems and endgame studies.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Ernest Pogosyants · See more »

Ernst Falkbeer

Ernst Karl Falkbeer (June 27, 1819 – December 14, 1885) was an Austrian chess master and journalist.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Ernst Falkbeer · See more »

Eugène Rousseau (chess player)

Eugène Rousseau (c. 1810 in St. Denis, France – 1870) was a French chess master.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Eugène Rousseau (chess player) · See more »

Eugene Znosko-Borovsky

Eugene Alexandrovich Znosko-Borovsky (Russian: Евгений Александрович Зноско-Боровский; Yevgeny Alexandrovich Znosko-Borovsky) (16 August 1884 – 31 December 1954) was a Russian chess master, music and drama critic, teacher and author.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Eugene Znosko-Borovsky · See more »

Eugenio Torre

Eugenio Torre (born November 4, 1951) is a chess grandmaster (GM).

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Eugenio Torre · See more »

Evergreen Game

The Evergreen Game is a famous chess game, won by Adolf Anderssen against Jean Dufresne in 1852.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Evergreen Game · See more »

Evgeny Sveshnikov

Evgeny Ellinovich Sveshnikov (Евгений Эллинович Све́шников; Latvian: Jevgēņijs Svešņikovs; born 11 February 1950) is a Russian grandmaster of chess and a chess author.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Evgeny Sveshnikov · See more »

Ferdinand Maack

Ferdinand Maack (1861–1930) was a German doctor, inventor and occultist.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Ferdinand Maack · See more »

Fianchetto

In chess, the fianchetto ("little flank") is a pattern of development wherein a bishop is developed to the second rank of the adjacent knight file, the knight pawn having been moved one or two squares forward.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Fianchetto · See more »

FIDE

The Fédération Internationale des Échecs or World Chess Federation is an international organization that connects the various national chess federations around the world and acts as the governing body of international chess competition.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and FIDE · See more »

FIDE titles

The World Chess Federation, FIDE (Fédération Internationale des Échecs), awards several performance-based titles to chess players, up to and including the highly prized Grandmaster title.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and FIDE titles · See more »

Fifty-move rule

The fifty-move rule in chess states that a player can claim a draw if no has been made and no pawn has been moved in the last fifty moves (for this purpose a "move" consists of a player completing their turn followed by the opponent completing their turn).

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Fifty-move rule · See more »

Flank opening

A flank opening is a chess opening played by White and typified by play on one or both flanks (the portion of the chess board outside the central d and e files).

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Flank opening · See more »

Flight square

In chess, a flight square or escape square is a safe square to which a king or other piece can move if it is threatened.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Flight square · See more »

Florin Gheorghiu

Florin Gheorghiu (born 6 April 1944) is a Romanian chess player and university lecturer in foreign languages.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Florin Gheorghiu · See more »

Fool's mate

In chess, Fool's Mate, also known as the Two-Move Checkmate, is the checkmate in the fewest possible number of moves from the start of the game.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Fool's mate · See more »

Fork (chess)

In chess, a fork is a tactic whereby a single piece makes two or more direct attacks simultaneously.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Fork (chess) · See more »

Fortress (chess)

In chess, the fortress is an endgame drawing technique in which the side behind in sets up a zone of protection that the opponent cannot penetrate.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Fortress (chess) · See more »

François-André Danican Philidor

François-André Danican Philidor (September 7, 1726 – August 31, 1795), often referred to as André Danican Philidor during his lifetime, was a French composer and chess player.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and François-André Danican Philidor · See more »

Fred Reinfeld

Fred Reinfeld (January 27, 1910 – May 29, 1964) was an American writer on chess and many other subjects.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Fred Reinfeld · See more »

French Defence

The French Defence is a chess opening characterised by the moves: This is most commonly followed by 2.d4 d5, with Black intending...c5 at a later stage, attacking White's and gaining on the.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and French Defence · See more »

Garry Kasparov

Garry Kimovich Kasparov (Га́рри Ки́мович Каспа́ров,; Armenian: Գարրի Կիմովիչ Կասպարով; born Garik Kimovich Weinstein, 13 April 1963) is a Russian chess grandmaster, former world chess champion, writer, and political activist, who many consider to be the greatest chess player of all time.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Garry Kasparov · See more »

Göttingen manuscript

The Göttingen manuscript is the earliest known work devoted entirely to modern chess.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Göttingen manuscript · See more »

GBR code

The GBR code (or Guy–Blandford–Roycroft code) is a system of representing the position of chess pieces on a chessboard.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and GBR code · See more »

Gennady Kuzmin

Gennady Pavlovich Kuzmin (Геннадий Павлович Кузьмин, born January 19, 1946) is a Soviet-Ukrainian chess master and trainer.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Gennady Kuzmin · See more »

George H. D. Gossip

George Hatfeild Dingley Gossip (December 6, 1841 – May 11, 1907) was a minor American-English chess master and writer.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and George H. D. Gossip · See more »

Gioachino Greco

Gioacchino Greco (c. 1600 – c. 1634) was an Italian chess player and writer.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Gioachino Greco · See more »

Giuoco Piano

The Giuoco Piano (Italian: "Quiet Game"), also called the Italian Opening,Hooper & Whyld (1996), p. 183.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Giuoco Piano · See more »

Glossary of chess

This page explains commonly used terms in chess in alphabetical order.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Glossary of chess · See more »

Glossary of chess problems

This page explains commonly used terms in chess problems in alphabetical order.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Glossary of chess problems · See more »

Grandmaster (chess)

The title Grandmaster (GM) is awarded to chess players by the world chess organization FIDE.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Grandmaster (chess) · See more »

Greek gift sacrifice

In chess, the Greek gift sacrifice (or classical bishop sacrifice) is a typical sacrifice of a bishop by White playing Bxh7+ or Black playing Bxh2+.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Greek gift sacrifice · See more »

Grigory Levenfish

Grigory Yakovlevich Levenfish (Григо́рий Я́ковлевич Левенфи́ш; in Piotrków – 9 February 1961 in Moscow) was a Russian chess grandmaster who scored his peak competitive results in the 1920s and 1930s.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Grigory Levenfish · See more »

Grotesque (chess)

In chess, a grotesque is a problem or endgame study which features a particularly unlikely initial position, especially one in which White fights with a very small force against a much larger black army.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Grotesque (chess) · See more »

Group tournament ranking system

In a group tournament, unlike a knockout tournament, there is no scheduled decisive final match.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Group tournament ranking system · See more »

Győző Forintos

Győző Victor Forintos (born 30 July 1935 in Budapest) is a Hungarian chess master and by profession, an economist.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Győző Forintos · See more »

Gyula Breyer

Gyula "Julius" Breyer (30 April 1893 Budapest – 9 November 1921) was a Hungarian chess player and 1912 Hungarian national champion.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Gyula Breyer · See more »

H. J. R. Murray

Harold James Ruthven Murray (24 June 1868 – 16 May 1955) was an English educationalist, inspector of schools, and prominent chess historian.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and H. J. R. Murray · See more »

Handbuch des Schachspiels

Handbuch des Schachspiels (Handbook of Chess, often simply called the Handbuch) is a chess book, first published in 1843 by Tassilo von Heydebrand und der Lasa.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Handbuch des Schachspiels · See more »

Handicap (chess)

A handicap (or "odds") in chess is variant ways to enable a weaker player to have a chance of winning against a stronger one.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Handicap (chess) · See more »

Hans-Joachim Hecht

Hans-Joachim Hecht (born January 29, 1939, Luckenwalde, Brandenburg) is a German chess player and twice the national champion.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Hans-Joachim Hecht · See more »

Hastings International Chess Congress

The Hastings International Chess Congress is an annual chess tournament which takes place in Hastings, England, around the turn of the year.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Hastings International Chess Congress · See more »

Helpmate

A helpmate is a type of chess problem in which both sides cooperate in order to achieve the goal of checkmating Black.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Helpmate · See more »

Henri Rinck

Henri Rinck (January 10, 1870 – February 17, 1952) was a French chess study composer, considered one of the most important early figures in the field.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Henri Rinck · See more »

Henrique Mecking

Henrique Costa Mecking (born 23 January 1952), also known as Mequinho, is a Brazilian chess grandmaster who reached his zenith in the 1970s and is still one of the strongest players in Brazil.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Henrique Mecking · See more »

Henry Bird (chess player)

Henry Edward Bird (Portsea in Hampshire, 14 July 1830 – 11 April 1908) was an English chess player, and also an author and accountant.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Henry Bird (chess player) · See more »

Henry Charlick

Henry Charlick (8 July 1845 in London, England – 26 July 1916 in Adelaide, Australia) was a leading Australian chess master in the 1880s.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Henry Charlick · See more »

Henry Ernest Atkins

Henry Ernest Atkins (20 August 1872 – 31 January 1955) was a British chess master who is best known for his unparalleled record of winning the British Chess Championship nine times in eleven attempts.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Henry Ernest Atkins · See more »

Herman Steiner

Herman Steiner (April 15, 1905 – November 25, 1955) was a United States chess player, organizer, and columnist.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Herman Steiner · See more »

Hermanis Matisons

Hermanis Matisons (also known as Herman Mattison; 1894, Riga – 1932) was a Latvian chess player and one of world's most highly regarded chess masters in the early 1930s.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Hermanis Matisons · See more »

Hexagonal chess

Hexagonal chess refers to a group of chess variants played on boards composed of hexagon.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Hexagonal chess · See more »

History of chess

The history of chess can be traced back nearly 1500 years, although the earliest origins are uncertain.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and History of chess · See more »

Horst Rittner

Horst Robert Rittner (born July 16, 1930 in Breslau, Weimar Germany) is a German correspondence chess Grandmaster.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Horst Rittner · See more »

Howard Staunton

Howard Staunton (1810 – 22 June 1874) was an English chess master who is generally regarded as having been the world's strongest player from 1843 to 1851, largely as a result of his 1843 victory over Pierre Charles Fournier de Saint-Amant.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Howard Staunton · See more »

Hugh Alexander Kennedy

Hugh Alexander Kennedy (22 August 1809 – 22 October 1878) was an English chess master and writer.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Hugh Alexander Kennedy · See more »

Hugh Myers

Hugh Edward Myers (January 23, 1930 – December 22, 2008) was an American chess master and author.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Hugh Myers · See more »

Hungarian Defense

The Hungarian Defense is a chess opening that begins with the moves: The Hungarian Defense is a line in the Italian Game typically chosen as a response to the aggressive 3.Bc4.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Hungarian Defense · See more »

ICCF numeric notation

ICCF numeric notation is the official chess game notation for all International Correspondence Chess Federation games.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and ICCF numeric notation · See more »

Ideal mate

In chess, an ideal mate is a checkmate position that is a special form of model mate.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Ideal mate · See more »

Igor Zaitsev

Igor Arkadyevich Zaitsev (Игорь Аркадьевич Зайцев; born 27 May 1938) is a Russian grandmaster of chess.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Igor Zaitsev · See more »

Immortal Game

The Immortal Game was a chess game played by Adolf Anderssen and Lionel Kieseritzky on 21 June 1851 in London, during a break of the first international tournament.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Immortal Game · See more »

Indian Defence

In the game of chess, Indian defence is a broad term for a group of openings characterised by the moves: They are all to varying degrees hypermodern defences, where Black invites White to establish an imposing presence in the centre with the plan of undermining and ultimately destroying it.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Indian Defence · See more »

Inverted Hungarian Opening

The Inverted Hungarian Opening or Tayler Opening is an uncommon chess opening that starts with the moves: It is so-named because the position of White's bishop on e2 resembles that of Black's bishop on e7 in the Hungarian Defense.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Inverted Hungarian Opening · See more »

Isaac Boleslavsky

Isaac Yefremovich Boleslavsky (Ісаак Єфремович Болеславський, Исаак Ефремович Болеславский; June 9, 1919 in Zolotonosha, Ukraine – February 15, 1977 in Minsk) was a Soviet chess grandmaster.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Isaac Boleslavsky · See more »

Italian Gambit

The Italian Gambit is a chess opening that begins with the moves: It is often played as an alternative to the quiet and closed lines of the Giuoco Piano or Giuoco Pianissimo openings.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Italian Gambit · See more »

Ivan Radulov

Ivan Radulov (Иван Радулов) (born 7 January 1939 in Burgas) is a Bulgarian chess grandmaster.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Ivan Radulov · See more »

Jackson Showalter

Jackson Whipps Showalter (February 5, 1859 in Minerva, Kentucky – February 5, 1935 in Lexington, Kentucky) was a five-time U.S. Chess Champion: 1890, 1892, 1892–1894, 1895-1896 and 1906–1909.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Jackson Showalter · See more »

Jacob Sarratt

Jacob Henry Sarratt (1772 – 6 November 1819) was one of the top English chess players of the late 18th and early 19th centuries.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Jacob Sarratt · See more »

James Hanham

Major James Moore Hanham (January 4, 1840 Woodville, Mississippi – December 30, 1923 New York, New York) was an American chess master, who played in many American and international chess tournaments between 1884 and 1889.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and James Hanham · See more »

James Macrae Aitken

James Macrae Aitken (27 October 1908 – 3 December 1983) was a Scottish chess player.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and James Macrae Aitken · See more »

James Mortimer (chess player)

James Mortimer (April 22, 1833 – February 24, 1911) was an American chess player, journalist, and playwright who spent the last 40 years of his life in Britain.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and James Mortimer (chess player) · See more »

Jan Rusinek

Jan Rusinek (born 2 December 1950) is a Polish mathematician and chess composer, particularly noted for his brilliant endgame studies.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Jan Rusinek · See more »

Jan Timman

Jan Timman (born 14 December 1951) is a Dutch chess Grandmaster who was one of the world's leading players from the late 1970s to the early 1990s.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Jan Timman · See more »

Jóhann Hjartarson

Jóhann Hjartarson (born 8 February 1963) is an Icelandic chess grandmaster.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Jóhann Hjartarson · See more »

Jean Dufresne

Jean Dufresne (14 February 1829 – 13 April 1893) was a German chess player and chess composer.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Jean Dufresne · See more »

Jean-Louis Preti

Jean-Louis Preti (1798 – 27 January 1881) was a musician and chess writer, specializing in the chess endgame.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Jean-Louis Preti · See more »

Jeremy Gaige

Jeremy Gaige (October 9, 1927, New York – February 19, 2011) was an American chess archivist and journalist.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Jeremy Gaige · See more »

Johann Hermann Bauer

Johann Hermann Bauer (June 30, 1861, Prague – April 5, 1891, Görz), was an Austrian chess master.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Johann Hermann Bauer · See more »

Johann Löwenthal

Johann Jacob Löwenthal (Löwenthal János Jakab; 15 July 1810 – 24 July 1876) was a professional chess master.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Johann Löwenthal · See more »

John Cochrane (chess player)

John Cochrane (1798 – 2 March 1878) was a Scottish chess master and lawyer.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and John Cochrane (chess player) · See more »

John Roycroft

Arthur John Roycroft (born 25 July 1929, London) is an English chess endgame study composer and author.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and John Roycroft · See more »

John Wisker

John Wisker (30 May 1846 in Kingston upon Hull, England – 18 January 1884 in Richmond, Victoria) was an English chess player and journalist.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and John Wisker · See more »

José Raúl Capablanca

José Raúl Capablanca y Graupera (19 November 1888 – 8 March 1942) was a Cuban chess player who was world chess champion from 1921 to 1927.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and José Raúl Capablanca · See more »

Joseph Bertin

Captain Joseph Bertin (1690s – c. 1736) was one of the first authors to write about the game of chess.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Joseph Bertin · See more »

Josif Dorfman

Josif (Josef, Iossif, Iosif) Davidovich Dorfman (born 1 May 1952, Zhitomir) is a Soviet-French chess Grandmaster, coach, and chess writer.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Josif Dorfman · See more »

Jules Arnous de Rivière

Jules Arnous de Rivière (4 May 1830, Nantes – 11 September 1905, Paris) was the strongest French chess player from the late 1850s through the late 1870s.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Jules Arnous de Rivière · See more »

Julius Mendheim

Julius Mendheim (c. 1788 – 25 August 1836) was a German chess master and problemist.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Julius Mendheim · See more »

Ken Whyld

Kenneth Whyld (6 March 1926 – 11 July 2003) was a British chess author and researcher, best known as the co-author (with David Hooper) of The Oxford Companion to Chess, a single-volume chess reference work in English.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Ken Whyld · See more »

Keres Defence

The Keres Defence (also known as the Kangaroo Defence or Franco-Indian Defense) is a chess opening characterised by the moves: The opening is named for Estonian grandmaster Paul Keres.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Keres Defence · See more »

King's Gambit, McDonnell Gambit

The McDonnell Gambit is a chess opening gambit in the King's Gambit, Classical Variation that begins with the moves:Hooper & Whyld (1996), p. 241.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and King's Gambit, McDonnell Gambit · See more »

King's Gambit, Rice Gambit

The Rice Gambit is a chess opening that arises from the King's Gambit Accepted.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and King's Gambit, Rice Gambit · See more »

King's Pawn Game

The King's Pawn Game is any chess opening starting with the move: It is among the most popular opening moves in chess.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and King's Pawn Game · See more »

Konstantinopolsky Opening

The Konstantinopolsky Opening is a rarely played chess opening that begins with the moves.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Konstantinopolsky Opening · See more »

La Stratégie

La Stratégie: Journal d'Échecs was a French monthly chess magazine published from 1867 to 1940.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and La Stratégie · See more »

Lasker versus Bauer, Amsterdam, 1889

The chess game between Emanuel Lasker and Johann Bauer played in Amsterdam in 1889 is one of the most famous on account of Lasker's sacrifice of both bishops to eliminate the pawn cover around his opponent's king, winning material and the game.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Lasker versus Bauer, Amsterdam, 1889 · See more »

László Szabó (chess player)

László Szabó (March 19, 1917 – August 8, 1998) was a Hungarian grandmaster of chess.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and László Szabó (chess player) · See more »

Le Palamède

Le Palamède was the world's first periodical devoted to the game of chess.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Le Palamède · See more »

Lev Psakhis

Lev Borisovich Psakhis (לב בוריסוביץ' פסחיס; Лев Борисович Псахис; born 29 November 1958 in Krasnoyarsk, Russia) is a naturalised Israeli chess grandmaster, trainer and author.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Lev Psakhis · See more »

Libro de la invencion liberal y arte del juego del axedrez

Libro de la invencion liberal y arte del juego del axedrez (translation: Book of the liberal invention and art of the game of chess) is one of the first books published about modern chess in Europe, after Pedro Damiano's 1512 book.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Libro de la invencion liberal y arte del juego del axedrez · See more »

Lionel Kieseritzky

Lionel Adalbert Bagration Felix Kieseritzky (in Tartu – in Paris) was a Baltic German chess master, famous primarily for a game he lost against Adolf Anderssen, which because of its brilliance was named "The Immortal Game".

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Lionel Kieseritzky · See more »

List of chess gambits

This is a list of chess openings that are gambits.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and List of chess gambits · See more »

List of chess openings named after people

The Oxford Companion to Chess lists 1,327 named openings and variants.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and List of chess openings named after people · See more »

List of chess openings named after places

The Oxford Companion to Chess lists 1,327 named openings and variants.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and List of chess openings named after places · See more »

List of people who adopted matrilineal surnames

This is a list of notable people who have changed, adopted or adjusted their surnames based on a mother's or grandmother's maiden name.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and List of people who adopted matrilineal surnames · See more »

London 1851 chess tournament

London 1851 was the first international chess tournament.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and London 1851 chess tournament · See more »

Lothar Schmid

Lothar Maximilian Lorenz Schmid (10 May 1928 – 18 May 2013) was a German chess grandmaster.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Lothar Schmid · See more »

Lubomir Kavalek

Lubomir (Lubosh) Kavalek (Lubomír Kaválek, born August 9, 1943) is a Czech-American chess player.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Lubomir Kavalek · See more »

Lucena position

The Lucena position is one of the most famous and important positions in chess endgame theory, where one side has a rook and a pawn and the defender has a rook.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Lucena position · See more »

Luis Ramírez de Lucena

Luis Ramírez de Lucena (c. 1465 – c. 1530) was a Spanish chess player who published the first still-existing chess book.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Luis Ramírez de Lucena · See more »

Madrasi chess

Madrasi chess is a chess variant invented in 1979 by Abdul Jabbar Karwatkar.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Madrasi chess · See more »

Mann (chess)

A man (german: Mann) is a fairy chess piece often used in chess variants.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Mann (chess) · See more »

Mark Dvoretsky

Mark Izrailovich Dvoretsky (Марк Израилевич Дворецкий; December 9, 1947 – September 26, 2016) was a Russian chess trainer, writer, and International Master.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Mark Dvoretsky · See more »

Max Weiss

Miksa (Max) Weisz (21 July 1857 – 14 March 1927) was an Austrian chess player born in the Kingdom of Hungary.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Max Weiss · See more »

Michael Stean

Michael Francis Stean (born 4 September 1953) is an English chess grandmaster, an author of chess books and a tax accountant.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Michael Stean · See more »

Mieses Opening

The Mieses Opening is a chess opening that begins with the move: The opening is named after the German-British grandmaster Jacques Mieses.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Mieses Opening · See more »

Miguel Quinteros

Miguel Ángel Quinteros (born December 28, 1947 in Buenos Aires) is an Argentine chess grandmaster.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Miguel Quinteros · See more »

Mikhail Botvinnik

Mikhail Moiseyevich Botvinnik (Михаи́л Моисе́евич Ботви́нник,; – May 5, 1995) was a Soviet and Russian International Grandmaster and World Chess Champion for most of 1948 to 1963.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Mikhail Botvinnik · See more »

Mikhail Chigorin

Mikhail Ivanovich Chigorin (also Tchigorin; Михаи́л Ива́нович Чиго́рин; –) was a leading Russian chess player.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Mikhail Chigorin · See more »

Milan Matulović

Milan Matulović (10 June 1935 – 9 October 2013) was a chess grandmaster who was the second or third strongest Yugoslav player for much of the 1960s and 1970s behind Svetozar Gligorić and possibly Borislav Ivkov.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Milan Matulović · See more »

Model mate

A model mate is a type of pure mate checkmating position in chess in which not only is the checkmated king and all vacant squares in its field attacked only once, and squares in the king's field occupied by friendly units are not also attacked by the mating side (unless such a unit is necessarily pinned to the king), but all units of the mating side (with the possible exception of the king and pawns) participate actively in forming the mating net.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Model mate · See more »

Modenese Masters

The Modenese Masters were three 18th-century chess masters and writers from Modena, Italy.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Modenese Masters · See more »

Modern Benoni

The Modern Benoni is a chess opening that begins with the moves 1.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Modern Benoni · See more »

Modern Chess Openings

Modern Chess Openings (usually called) is an important reference book on chess openings, first published in 1911 by the British players Richard Clewin Griffith (1872–1955) and John Herbert White (1880–1920).

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Modern Chess Openings · See more »

Moscow 1935 chess tournament

Moscow 1935 was the second international chess tournament held in Moscow, taking place from 15 February to 15 March 1935.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Moscow 1935 chess tournament · See more »

My 60 Memorable Games

My 60 Memorable Games is a chess book by Bobby Fischer, first published in 1969.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and My 60 Memorable Games · See more »

Nathaniel Cook

Nathaniel Cooke was the designer of a set of chess figures, which is now the standard set.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Nathaniel Cook · See more »

Nightrider (chess)

A nightrider (also known as a knightmare or unicorn, though the latter sometimes also means the bishop+nightrider compound) is a fairy chess piece that can move any number of steps as a knight in the same direction.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Nightrider (chess) · See more »

Nikolai Riumin

Nikolai (Nikolay) Nikolaevich Riumin (Ryumin, Rjumin, Rumin) (Николай Николаевич Рюмин; 5 September 1908, Moscow – 1942, Omsk) was a Russian chess master, one of the strongest Soviet players of the 1930s.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Nikolai Riumin · See more »

Nomen nescio

Nomen nescio, abbreviated to N.N., is used to signify an anonymous or unnamed person.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Nomen nescio · See more »

OCC

OCC may refer to.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and OCC · See more »

Oleg Romanishin

Oleg Mikhailovich Romanishin (Олег Михайлович Романишин; born 10 January 1952) is a Ukrainian chess grandmaster and former European junior champion.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Oleg Romanishin · See more »

Open file

An open file in chess is a with no pawns of either color on it.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Open file · See more »

Open Game

An Open Game (or Double King's Pawn Opening) is a chess opening that begins with the following moves: White has moved the king's pawn two squares and Black has replied in kind.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Open Game · See more »

Outline of chess

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to chess: Chess is a two-player board game played on a chessboard (a square-checkered board with 64 squares arranged in an eight-by-eight grid).

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Outline of chess · See more »

Outpost (chess)

An outpost is a square on the fourth, fifth, sixth, or seventh which is protected by a pawn and which cannot be attacked by an opponent's pawn.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Outpost (chess) · See more »

Owen's Defence

Owen's Defence (also known as the Queen's Fianchetto Defence or Greek Defense) is an uncommon chess opening defined by the moves: By playing 1...b6, Black prepares to fianchetto the where it will participate in the battle for the.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Owen's Defence · See more »

Oxford Companions

Oxford Companions is a book series published by Oxford University Press, providing general knowledge within a specific area.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Oxford Companions · See more »

Paolo Boi

Paolo Boi (1528–1598) was an Italian chess player.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Paolo Boi · See more »

Passed pawn

In chess, a passed pawn is a pawn with no opposing pawns to prevent it from advancing to the eighth; i.e. there are no opposing pawns in front of it on either the same or adjacent files.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Passed pawn · See more »

Paul Saladin Leonhardt

Paul Saladin Leonhardt (13 November 1877 – 14 December 1934) was a German chess master.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Paul Saladin Leonhardt · See more »

Pawn (chess)

The pawn (♙,♟) is the most numerous piece in the game of chess, and in most circumstances, also the weakest.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Pawn (chess) · See more »

Pawnless chess endgame

A pawnless chess endgame is a chess endgame in which only a few pieces remain and none of them is a pawn.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Pawnless chess endgame · See more »

Pedro Damiano

Pedro Damiano (in Portuguese, Pedro Damião; Damiano is the Italian form, much like the Latin Damianus) was a Portuguese chess player who lived from 1480 to 1544.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Pedro Damiano · See more »

Perpetual check

In the game of chess, perpetual check is a situation in which one player can force a draw by an unending series of checks.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Perpetual check · See more »

Petar Trifunović

Dr.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Petar Trifunović · See more »

Petrov's Defence, Marshall Trap

The Marshall Trap is a chess opening trap in Petrov's Defence named after Frank Marshall.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Petrov's Defence, Marshall Trap · See more »

Philidor Defence

The Philidor Defence is a chess opening characterised by the moves: The opening is named after the famous 18th-century player François-André Danican Philidor, who advocated it as an alternative to the common 2...Nc6.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Philidor Defence · See more »

Philippe Ambroise Durand

Philippe Ambroise Durand (1799 – 11 February 1880) was a French abbé and chess writer.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Philippe Ambroise Durand · See more »

Pierre Charles Fournier de Saint-Amant

Pierre Charles Fournier de Saint-Amant (12 September 1800 – 29 October 1872) was a leading French chess master and an editor of the chess periodical Le Palamède.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Pierre Charles Fournier de Saint-Amant · See more »

Pietro Carrera

Pietro Carrera, (July 12, 1573 – September 18, 1647) was a chess player, historian, priest and Italian author, born in Sicily, in Militello in Val di Catania (Province of Catania), located in the Valley of Noto; here he grew up in the old colony of San Vito.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Pietro Carrera · See more »

Pin (chess)

In chess, a pin is a situation brought on by an attacking piece in which a defending piece cannot move without exposing a more valuable defending piece on its other side to capture by the attacking piece.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Pin (chess) · See more »

Polish Defense

The Polish Defense is the name commonly given to one of several sequences of chess opening moves characterized by an early...b5 by Black.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Polish Defense · See more »

Preston Ware

Preston Ware Jr. (August 12, 1821 – January 29, 1890) was a US chess player.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Preston Ware · See more »

Promotion (chess)

Promotion is a chess rule that requires a pawn that reaches its eighth to be immediately replaced by the player's choice of a queen, knight, rook, or bishop of the same.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Promotion (chess) · See more »

Prophylaxis (chess)

In the game of chess, prophylaxis (Greek προφυλαξις, "prophylaxis," guarding or preventing beforehand) or a prophylactic move is a move that stops the opponent from taking action in a certain area for fear of some type of reprisal.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Prophylaxis (chess) · See more »

Pure mate

A pure mate is a checkmating position in chess in which the mated king and all vacant squares in its field are attacked only once, and squares in the king's field occupied by friendly units are not also attacked by the mating side (unless such a unit is necessarily pinned to the king to avoid it interposing to block the check or capturing of mating unit).

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Pure mate · See more »

Queen (chess)

The queen (♕,♛) is the most powerful piece in the game of chess, able to move any number of squares vertically, horizontally or diagonally.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Queen (chess) · See more »

Queen's Gambit Declined, Cambridge Springs Defense

In chess, the Cambridge Springs Defense (or less commonly, the Pillsbury Variation) is a variation of the Queen's Gambit Declined that begins with the moves: Black breaks the pin on the h4–d8 diagonal and forms a pin of his own on the c3-knight (exploiting the absence of the White's queen bishop from the). If Black later plays dxc4, there may be threats against the g5-bishop.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Queen's Gambit Declined, Cambridge Springs Defense · See more »

Queen's Knight Defense

The Queen's Knight Defense (also known as the Nimzowitsch Queen Pawn Defence or Bogoljubow–Mikenas Defense) is a chess opening defined by the moves: Unless the game transposes to another opening, the Encyclopedia of Chess Openings code for the Queen's Knight Defense is A40.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Queen's Knight Defense · See more »

Rafael Vaganian

Rafael Vaganian (Ռաֆայել Արտյոմի Վահանյան, Rrafayel Artyomi Vahanyan, Рафаэль Артёмович Ваганян, Rafael Artemovich Vaganyan) is an Armenian chess grandmaster known for his sharp tactical style of play.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Rafael Vaganian · See more »

Rainer Knaak

Rainer Fritz Albert Knaak (born March 16, 1953 in Pasewalk, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern) is a German Chess Grandmaster.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Rainer Knaak · See more »

Raymond Keene

Raymond Dennis Keene OBE (born 29 January 1948) is an English chess Grandmaster, a FIDE International Arbiter, a chess organiser, and a journalist and author.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Raymond Keene · See more »

Richard K. Guy

Richard Kenneth Guy (born 30 September 1916) is a British mathematician, professor emeritus in the Department of Mathematics at the University of Calgary.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Richard K. Guy · See more »

Richard Teichmann

Richard Teichmann (24 December 1868 – 15 June 1925) was a German chess master.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Richard Teichmann · See more »

Rook (chess)

A rook (♖,♜) is a piece in the strategy board game of chess.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Rook (chess) · See more »

Rules of chess

The rules of chess (also known as the laws of chess) are rules governing the play of the game of chess.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Rules of chess · See more »

Ruy López de Segura

Rodrigo (Ruy) López de Segura (c. 1530 – c. 1580) was a Spanish priest and later bishop in Segura whose 1561 book Libro de la invención liberal y arte del juego del Axedrez was one of the first definitive books about modern chess in Europe, preceded only by Pedro Damiano's 1512 book, Luis Ramírez de Lucena's 1497 book (the oldest surviving printed book on chess), and the Göttingen manuscript (authorship and exact date of the manuscript are unknown).

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Ruy López de Segura · See more »

Ruy Lopez

The Ruy Lopez, also called the Spanish Opening or Spanish Game, is a chess opening characterised by the moves: The Ruy Lopez is named after 16th-century Spanish bishop Ruy López de Segura.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Ruy Lopez · See more »

Ruy Lopez, Mortimer Trap

The Mortimer Trap is a chess opening trap in the Ruy Lopez named after James Mortimer.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Ruy Lopez, Mortimer Trap · See more »

Ruy Lopez, Noah's Ark Trap

The Noah's Ark Trap is a chess opening trap in the Ruy Lopez.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Ruy Lopez, Noah's Ark Trap · See more »

Ruy Lopez, Tarrasch Trap

Tarrasch Trap refers to two different chess opening traps in the Ruy Lopez that are named for Siegbert Tarrasch.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Ruy Lopez, Tarrasch Trap · See more »

S. Lipschütz

Samuel (Sml) or Salomon (Slm) Lipschütz (July 4, 1863 in Ungvár, Ung County – November 30, 1905 in Hamburg) was a chess player and author.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and S. Lipschütz · See more »

Saavedra position

The Saavedra position is one of the best known chess endgame studies.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Saavedra position · See more »

Samuel Boden

Samuel Standidge Boden (1826–1882) was an English professional chess master.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Samuel Boden · See more »

Samuel Reshevsky

Samuel Herman Reshevsky (born Szmul Rzeszewski; November 26, 1911 – April 4, 1992) was a Polish chess prodigy and later a leading American chess grandmaster.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Samuel Reshevsky · See more »

Saragossa Opening

The Saragossa Opening is a chess opening defined by the opening move: Since White usually plays more aggressively in the opening, the Saragossa is considered an irregular opening, classified as A00 by the Encyclopaedia of Chess Openings.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Saragossa Opening · See more »

Scheveningen system

The Scheveningen system is a method of organizing a chess match between two teams.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Scheveningen system · See more »

Scholar's mate

In chess, Scholar's Mate is the checkmate achieved by the following moves, or similar: The same mating pattern may be reached by various move orders.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Scholar's mate · See more »

School of chess

A school of chess denotes a chess player or group of players that share common ideas about the strategy of the game.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and School of chess · See more »

Semi-Closed Game

A Semi-Closed Game (or Semi-Closed Opening) is a chess opening in which White plays 1.d4 but Black does not make the symmetrical reply 1...d5.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Semi-Closed Game · See more »

Semi-Italian Opening

The Semi-Italian Opening (also known as Half Giuoco Piano, Lesser Giuoco Piano, and Paris Defence) is one of Black's responses to the Italian Game.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Semi-Italian Opening · See more »

Semi-Open Game

A Semi-Open Game is a chess opening in which White plays 1.e4 and Black breaks symmetry immediately by replying with a move other than 1...e5.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Semi-Open Game · See more »

Semyon Alapin

Semyon Zinovyevich Alapin (Семён Зиновьевич Алапин; in Saint Petersburg – 15 July 1923 in Heidelberg) was a chess master, openings analyst, and puzzle composer.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Semyon Alapin · See more »

Sergey Dolmatov

Sergey Viktorovich Dolmatov (born February 20, 1959) is a Russian Grandmaster of chess and former World Junior Chess Champion.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Sergey Dolmatov · See more »

Sergio Mariotti

Sergio Mariotti (born August 10, 1946 in Florence) is an Italian Grandmaster of chess and former national champion.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Sergio Mariotti · See more »

Sicilian Defence, Chekhover Variation

The Sicilian Defence, Chekhover Variation (also sometimes called the Szily Variation or Hungarian Variation) is a chess opening named after Vitaly Chekhover, from the game Chekhover–Lisitsin, Leningrad 1938.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Sicilian Defence, Chekhover Variation · See more »

Sicilian Defence, Magnus Smith Trap

The Magnus Smith Trap is a chess opening trap in the Sicilian Defence, named after three-time Canadian chess champion Magnus Smith (1869–1934).

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Sicilian Defence, Magnus Smith Trap · See more »

Skewer (chess)

In chess, a skewer is an attack upon two pieces in a line and is similar to a pin.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Skewer (chess) · See more »

Smothered mate

In chess, a smothered mate is a checkmate delivered by a knight in which the mated king is unable to move because he is surrounded (or smothered) by his own pieces.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Smothered mate · See more »

Sokolsky Opening

The Sokolsky Opening (also known as the Orangutan or Polish) is an uncommon chess opening that begins with the move: According to various databases, out of the twenty possible first moves from White, the move 1.b4 ranks ninth in popularity.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Sokolsky Opening · See more »

Sonneborn–Berger score

The Sonneborn–Berger score (or the Neustadtl score) is a scoring system often used to break ties in chess tournaments.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Sonneborn–Berger score · See more »

Stalemate

Stalemate is a situation in the game of chess where the player whose turn it is to move is not in check but has no legal move.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Stalemate · See more »

Staunton chess set

The Staunton chess set is composed of a particular style of chess pieces used to play the game of chess.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Staunton chess set · See more »

Staunton–Morphy controversy

The Staunton–Morphy controversy concerns the failure of negotiations in 1858 for a chess match between Howard Staunton and Paul Morphy and later interpretations of the actions of the two players.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Staunton–Morphy controversy · See more »

Steinitz Variation

A Steinitz Variation is any of several chess openings introduced and practiced, or adopted and advocated by Wilhelm Steinitz, the first officially recognized World Chess Champion.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Steinitz Variation · See more »

Stonewall Attack

The Stonewall Attack is a chess opening; more specifically it is a variation of the Queen's Pawn Game.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Stonewall Attack · See more »

Swindle (chess)

In chess, a swindle is a ruse by which a player in a losing position tricks his opponent, and thereby achieves a win or draw instead of the expected loss.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Swindle (chess) · See more »

Symmetrical Defense

The Symmetrical Defense (or Austrian Defense) is a chess opening that begins with the moves: First described in print by Alessandro Salvio in 1604, the opening is often called the Austrian Defense because it was studied by Austrian chess players including Hans Haberditz (c. 1901–57), Hans Müller (1896–1971), and GM Ernst Grünfeld.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Symmetrical Defense · See more »

Tõnu Õim

Tõnu Õim (spelled Tonu Iym in FIDE records), born 16 June 1941 in Raasiku, is an Estonian grandmaster of correspondence chess, most famous for being the first to have won the ICCF World Championship twice, in 1983 and 1999.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Tõnu Õim · See more »

Tempo (chess)

In chess and other chess-like games, tempo is a "turn" or single move.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Tempo (chess) · See more »

The exchange (chess)

The exchange in chess refers to a situation in which one player loses a minor piece (i.e. a bishop or knight) but captures the opponent's rook.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and The exchange (chess) · See more »

Thomas Rayner Dawson

Thomas Rayner Dawson (28 November 1889 – 16 December 1951) was an English chess problemist and is acknowledged as "the father of Fairy Chess".

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Thomas Rayner Dawson · See more »

Thomas Wilson Barnes

Thomas Wilson Barnes (1825–1874) was an English chess master, one of the leading British masters of his time.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Thomas Wilson Barnes · See more »

Three-dimensional chess

Three-dimensional chess (or 3D chess) refers to any chess variant that uses multiple boards at different levels, allowing the chess pieces to move in three physical dimensions.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Three-dimensional chess · See more »

Threefold repetition

In chess and some other abstract strategy games, the threefold repetition rule (also known as repetition of position) states that a player can claim a draw if the same position occurs three times, or will occur after their next move, with the same player to move.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Threefold repetition · See more »

Tie-breaking in Swiss-system tournaments

Tie-break systems are used in chess Swiss system tournaments to break ties between players who have the same total number of points after the last round.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Tie-breaking in Swiss-system tournaments · See more »

Touch-move rule

The touch-move rule in chess specifies that, if a player deliberately touches a piece on the board when it is his turn to move, then he must move or capture that piece if it is legal to do so.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Touch-move rule · See more »

Transposition (chess)

A transposition in chess and other chess-like games is a sequence of moves that results in a position which may also be reached by another, more common sequence of moves.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Transposition (chess) · See more »

Trompowsky Attack

The Trompowsky Attack is a chess opening that begins with the moves: With his second move, White intends to exchange his bishop for Black's knight, inflicting doubled pawns upon Black in the process.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Trompowsky Attack · See more »

Turton doubling

Turton doubling is a manoeuvre in chess in which a piece moves along a line (rank, file or diagonal), then a similarly-moving piece moves onto the same line in front of it, then this second piece moves again along this line, in the opposite direction to that of the first.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Turton doubling · See more »

Two Knights Defense

The Two Knights Defense is a chess opening that begins with the moves: First recorded by Polerio (c. 1550 – c. 1610) in the late 16th century, this line of the Italian Game was extensively developed in the 19th century.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Two Knights Defense · See more »

Two knights endgame

The two knights endgame is a chess endgame with a king and two knights versus a king.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Two knights endgame · See more »

USA vs. USSR radio chess match 1945

The USA vs.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and USA vs. USSR radio chess match 1945 · See more »

Van't Kruijs Opening

The Van't Kruijs Opening is a chess opening defined by the move: It is named after the Amsterdam player Maarten van 't Kruijs (1813–85) who won the sixth Dutch championship in 1878.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Van't Kruijs Opening · See more »

Vasily Panov

Vasily Nikolayevich Panov (Васи́лий Никола́евич Пано́в, November 1, 1906 – January 13, 1973) was a Soviet chess player, author, and journalist.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Vasily Panov · See more »

Viacheslav Ragozin

Viacheslav Vasilyevich Ragozin (Вячесла́в Васи́льевич Раго́зин, 8 October 1908 – 11 March 1962) was a Soviet chess Grandmaster, an International Arbiter of chess, and a World Correspondence Chess Champion.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Viacheslav Ragozin · See more »

Victor Soultanbeieff

Victor Ivanovich Soultanbéieff (also spelled Sultanbajew, Sultanbaev, Sultanbeev, Sultanbejeff, Sultanbaieff, etc.; 11 November 1895 – 9 February 1972) was a Belgian chess master.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Victor Soultanbeieff · See more »

Vienna Game, Würzburger Trap

The Würzburger Trap is a chess opening trap in the Vienna Gambit.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Vienna Game, Würzburger Trap · See more »

Vitaly Tseshkovsky

Vitaly Valeryevich Tseshkovsky (Виталий Валерьевич Цешковский; 25 September 1944, Omsk – 24 December 2011, Krasnodar) was a Russian chess Grandmaster and a former champion of the USSR.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Vitaly Tseshkovsky · See more »

Vladimir Savon

Vladimir Andreyevich Savon (Влади́мир Андре́евич Саво́н, b. 26 September 1940, Chernihiv – d. 1 June 2005, Kharkiv) was a Ukrainian chess Grandmaster.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Vladimir Savon · See more »

Vladimir Tukmakov

Vladimir Borisovich Tukmakov (born March 5, 1946 in Odessa) is a Ukrainian chess grandmaster.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Vladimir Tukmakov · See more »

Vladimir Zagorovsky

Vladimir Pavlovich Zagorovsky (Влади́мир Па́влович Загоро́вский; 29 June 1925, Voronezh, Russia, formerly USSR – 6 November 1994, Voronezh, Russia) was a Russian chess grandmaster of correspondence chess.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Vladimir Zagorovsky · See more »

Vlastimil Jansa

Vlastimil Jansa (born November 27, 1942 in Prague) is a chess grandmaster from the Czech Republic (formerly Czechoslovakia).

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Vlastimil Jansa · See more »

Ware Opening

The Ware Opening, also known as Meadow Hay Opening, is an uncommon chess opening for White beginning with the move: It is named after Preston Ware, a U.S. chess player who often played uncommon openings.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Ware Opening · See more »

White and Black in chess

In chess, the player who moves first is referred to as "White" and the player who moves second is referred to as "Black".

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and White and Black in chess · See more »

William Lombardy

William James Joseph Lombardy (December 4, 1937 – October 13, 2017) was an American chess grandmaster, chess writer, teacher, and former Catholic priest.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and William Lombardy · See more »

William Norwood Potter

William Norwood Potter (27 August 1840 – 13 March 1895) was an English chess master and writer.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and William Norwood Potter · See more »

Windmill (chess)

In chess, a windmill is a tactic in which a combination of discovered checks and regular checks, usually by a rook and a bishop, often forcing the opposing king to move back and forth between two squares, can win massive amounts of.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Windmill (chess) · See more »

Wolfgang Uhlmann

Wolfgang Uhlmann (born 29 March 1935) is a prominent German International Grandmaster of chess.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Wolfgang Uhlmann · See more »

Wolfgang Unzicker

Wolfgang Unzicker (26 June 1925 – 20 April 2006) was one of the strongest German chess Grandmasters from 1945 to about 1970.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Wolfgang Unzicker · See more »

World Amateur Chess Championship

The World Amateur Chess Championship is a tournament organised by the World Chess Federation, FIDE.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and World Amateur Chess Championship · See more »

World Chess Championship

The World Chess Championship (sometimes abbreviated as WCC) is played to determine the World Champion in chess.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and World Chess Championship · See more »

Yakov Estrin

Yakov Borisovich Estrin (Russian: Яков Борисович Эстрин, April 21, 1923 – February 2, 1987) was a Russian chess International Master, International Correspondence Chess Grandmaster and world champion, chess theoretician, and writer.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Yakov Estrin · See more »

Zürich 1934 chess tournament

Zürich 1934 was an international chess tournament held in Zürich from 14 to 29 July 1934 to commemorate the 125th anniversary of Schachgesellschaft Zürich (the Zürich Chess Society).

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Zürich 1934 chess tournament · See more »

Zepler doubling

Zepler doubling is a manoeuvre in chess in which a piece moves along a certain line (rank, file or diagonal), then another friendly piece moves onto that same line, then the first piece moves again in the same direction as before.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Zepler doubling · See more »

Zoltán Ribli

Zoltán Ribli (born September 6, 1951 in Mohács) is a Hungarian chess grandmaster and International Arbiter (1995).

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Zoltán Ribli · See more »

Zugzwang

Zugzwang (German for "compulsion to move") is a situation found in chess and other games wherein one player is put at a disadvantage because they must make a move when they would prefer to pass and not move.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Zugzwang · See more »

Zukertort Opening

The Zukertort Opening is a chess opening named after Johannes Zukertort that begins with the move: Sometimes the term "Réti Opening" is used to describe the opening move 1.Nf3, although most sources define the Réti more narrowly as the sequence 1.Nf3 d5 2.c4.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Zukertort Opening · See more »

Zwischenzug

The zwischenzug (German: "intermediate move") is a chess tactic in which a player, instead of playing the expected move (commonly a), first interposes another move posing an immediate threat that the opponent must answer, and only then plays the expected move.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and Zwischenzug · See more »

1940 in chess

Events in chess in 1940.

New!!: The Oxford Companion to Chess and 1940 in chess · See more »

Redirects here:

Oxford Companion To Chess, Oxford Companion to Chess, The Oxford Companion To Chess.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Oxford_Companion_to_Chess

OutgoingIncoming
Hey! We are on Facebook now! »