225 relations: A-Darter, AAM-5 (Japanese missile), Ace Combat X: Skies of Deception, ACEVAL/AIMVAL, Afterburner, Agni-II, Agni-III, AIM-9 Sidewinder, Air show, Air-to-air missile, Aircraft carrier, Aircraft flight control system, Airship Industries, Airship Industries Skyship 500, Amphibious vehicle, Antares (rocket), Ares I-X, Armstrong Whitworth AW.681, Arrow (Israeli missile), Arrow 3, AS-20, AS-30, Athena I, Avro Canada, BAE Systems Replica, Barak 8, Bell X-14, BIT UAV, Black Arrow, Blue Origin, Blue Streak (missile), Boeing X-32, Bristol Siddeley BS100, British Aerospace P.1216, British Aerospace Sea Harrier, British Army airship Beta, Buoyancy compensator (aviation), Cobra Turn, Convair Model 48 Charger, Dassault Rafale, Delta (rocket family), Delta III, Dornier Do 31, Ducted fan, Eurofighter Typhoon, Fifth-generation jet fighter, Fighter aircraft, Flight, Flight dynamics (fixed-wing aircraft), Fluidics, ..., Focke-Wulf Fw 260, Forward-swept wing, Fourth-generation jet fighter, General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon variants, General Dynamics F-16 VISTA, General Electric YF120, Gimbal, Gimbaled thrust, Gordon Lewis (engineer), GTRE GTX-35VS Kaveri, HAL AMCA, Harrier Jump Jet, Hawker Siddeley Harrier, Hawker Siddeley HS.141, Hawker Siddeley P.1127, Herbst maneuver, High Alpha Research Vehicle, History of rockets, HOT (missile), Hybrid Air Vehicles HAV 304/Airlander 10, Hybrid airship, IML Addax, Index of aerospace engineering articles, Index of aviation articles, Indian MRCA competition, IRIS-T, Ishikawajima-Harima F3, J-XX, Jet fighter generations, Jet pack, Klimov RD-33, Lift jet, List of accidents and incidents involving military aircraft (1960–74), List of accidents and incidents involving military aircraft (1990–99), List of air show accidents and incidents in the 20th century, List of British innovations and discoveries, List of English inventions and discoveries, List of experimental aircraft, List of X-planes, Lockheed Martin F-22 Raptor, Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II, Lockheed Martin X-44 MANTA, Long-tail boat, M20 (missile), McDonnell Douglas AV-8B Harrier II, McDonnell Douglas F-15 STOL/MTD, McDonnell Douglas F/A-18 Hornet, McDonnell Douglas X-36, Merlin (rocket engine family), MICA (missile), Mikoyan MiG-29, Mikoyan MiG-35, Mikoyan Project 1.44, Mitsubishi X-2 Shinshin, Model aircraft, NBMR-3, Nike Zeus, Nike-X, Northrop BQM-74 Chukar, Northrop YF-23, Novator KS-172, NSRDC BQM-108, P80 (rocket stage), Paddle (disambiguation), Pegasus (rocket), Pegasus II (rocket), Pershing II, Piasecki X-49, Piper PA-47 PiperJet, Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle, Post stall, Post-PFI Soviet/Russian aircraft projects, Pratt & Whitney F119, Proton-M, Pugachev's Cobra, Pump-jet, Python (missile), RD-0210, RD-0214, RD-0216, RD-0236, RD-0237, RD-107, RD-119, RD-120, RD-214, RD-8, RD-801, RD-810, RD-855, RD-856, RD-864, Reciprocating Chemical Muscle, Robert H. Goddard, Rocket, Rockwell-MBB X-31, Roller chain, Rolls-Royce LiftSystem, Rolls-Royce Pegasus, Rolls-Royce RZ.2, Rolls-Royce/MAN Turbo RB193, Royal Thai Air Force, RT-23 Molodets, Runway safety, Ryan X-13 Vertijet, S-300 missile system, S5.4, Saab JAS 39 Gripen, Saturn AL-31, Sea Wolf (missile), Serenity (Firefly episode), Shenyang WS-10, Soft science fiction, Soyuz-7 (rocket), Space Shuttle orbiter, Space Shuttle Solid Rocket Booster, SpaceX CRS-10, SpaceX CRS-5, SpaceX reusable launch system development program, SRAAM, SS.12/AS.12, Stall (fluid mechanics), Stanley Hooker, Star (rocket stage), Steady flight, Stealth technology, Steering, STOVL, Sukhoi Su-27, Sukhoi Su-30, Sukhoi Su-30MKI, Sukhoi Su-30MKM, Sukhoi Su-35, Sukhoi Su-37, Sukhoi Su-47, Sukhoi Su-57, Super Dvora Mk III-class patrol boat, Supermaneuverability, Swingfire, Sydney Camm, Tail-sitter, Tailslide, Tangent EMG-5, Thermal airship, Third-generation jet fighter, Three-surface aircraft, Thrust, Thrust reversal, Tiltjet, Tiltrotor, Tiltwing, Turbofan, TVC, UA120, UGM-133 Trident II, UGM-27 Polaris, UGM-73 Poseidon, Umkhonto (missile), United States Department of Defense aerospace vehicle designation, UR-200, USS Macon (ZRS-5), VA-111 Shkval, Vector, Vega (rocket), VFW VAK 191B, Viking (rocket), Vought HVM, VTOL, VTVL, Walrus HULA, XLR50, XLR81, YF-75, YF-75D, 9K720 Iskander. Expand index (175 more) » « Shrink index
The V3E A-Darter (Agile Darter) is a modern short-range infrared homing ("heat seeking") air-to-air missile, featuring countermeasures resistance with a 180-degree look angle and 120-degrees per second track rate, developed by South Africa's Denel Dynamics (formerly Kentron) and Brazil's Mectron, Avibras and Opto Eletrônica.
The Mitsubishi AAM-5 (Type 04 air-to-air missile, 04式空対空誘導弾) is a short-range air-to-air missile developed and produced by Mitsubishi Heavy Industries for the Japan Air Self-Defense Force.
is a video game for the PlayStation Portable handheld console.
The Air Combat Evaluation (ACEVAL) and the Air Intercept Missile Evaluation (AIMVAL) were two back-to-back Joint Test & Evaluations chartered by the United States Department of Defense that ran from 1974-78 at Nellis Air Force Base in Nevada.
An afterburner (or a reheat) is a component present on some jet engines, mostly those used on military supersonic aircraft.
Agni-II (fire), is a strategic ballistic missile.
Agni-III is an intermediate-range ballistic missile developed by India as the successor to Agni-II.
The AIM-9 Sidewinder is a short-range air-to-air missile developed by the United States Navy at China Lake, California, in the 1950s, and subsequently adopted by the United States Air Force.
An air show, (or airshow, air fair, air tattoo) is a public event where aircraft are exhibited.
Python family of AAM for comparisons, Python-5 (displayed lower-front) and Shafrir-1 (upper-back) An air-to-air missile (AAM) is a missile fired from an aircraft for the purpose of destroying another aircraft.
An aircraft carrier is a warship that serves as a seagoing airbase, equipped with a full-length flight deck and facilities for carrying, arming, deploying, and recovering aircraft.
A conventional fixed-wing aircraft flight control system consists of flight control surfaces, the respective cockpit controls, connecting linkages, and the necessary operating mechanisms to control an aircraft's direction in flight.
Airship Industries was a British manufacturers of modern non-rigid airships (blimps) active under that name from 1970 to 1990 and controlled for part of that time by Alan Bond.
The Skyship 500 is a non-rigid airship designed and built in the United Kingdom during the 1980s.
An amphibious vehicle (or simply amphibian), is a vehicle that is a means of transport, viable on land as well as on (or under) water.
Antares, known during early development as Taurus II, is an expendable launch system developed by Orbital Sciences Corporation (now part of Northrop Grumman Innovation System after Northrop Grumman acquired Orbital ATK) and the Yuzhnoye Design Bureau to launch the Cygnus spacecraft to the International Space Station as part of NASA's COTS and CRS programs.
Ares I-X was the first-stage prototype and design concept demonstrator in the Ares I program, a launch system for human spaceflight developed by the United States space agency, NASA.
The Armstrong Whitworth AW.681, also known as the Whitworth Gloster 681 or Hawker Siddeley HS.681, was a projected British long-range STOL military transport aircraft design of the early-1960s by Armstrong Whitworth Aircraft and was to be capable of development to VTOL performance.
The Arrow or Hetz (חֵץ) is a family of anti-ballistic missiles designed to fulfill an Israeli requirement for a missile defense system that would be more effective against ballistic missiles than the MIM-104 Patriot surface-to-air missile.
The Arrow 3 or Hetz 3 (חֵץ 3) is an exoatmospheric anti-ballistic missile, jointly funded and developed by Israel and the United States.
The AS-20 (Type 5110) was a French air-to-surface missile developed during the late 1950s.
The AS-30 was an air-to-ground missile built by Nord Aviation.
The Athena I, known as the Lockheed Launch Vehicle (LLV) at the time of its first flight and Lockheed Martin Launch Vehicle (LMLV) at the time of its second flight, is an American small expendable launch system which was used for four launches between 1995 and 2001.
Avro Canada was a Canadian aircraft manufacturing company.
Replica was a design study for an envisioned military aircraft with stealth capabilities, developed by British defense manufacturer BAE Systems.
Barak 8 (the Hebrew word for Lightning) also known as LR-SAM or as MR-SAM is an Indian-Israeli surface-to-air missile (SAM), designed to defend against any type of airborne threat including aircraft, helicopters, anti-ship missiles, and UAVs as well as ballistic missiles,, defenseindustrydaily.com, Accessed 25 November 2014 cruise missiles and combat jets.
The Bell X-14 (Bell Type 68) was an experimental VTOL aircraft flown in the United States in the 1950s.
BIT UAVs are Chinese UAVs developed by Beijing Institute of Technology (BIT).
Black Arrow, officially capitalised BLACK ARROW, was a British satellite carrier rocket.
Blue Origin, LLC is an American privately funded aerospace manufacturer and spaceflight services company headquartered in Kent, Washington.
The de Havilland Propellers Blue Streak was a British medium-range ballistic missile (MRBM), and later the first stage of the Europa satellite launch vehicle.
The Boeing X-32 was a concept demonstrator aircraft in the Joint Strike Fighter contest.
The Bristol Siddeley BS.100 was a British twin-spool, vectored thrust, turbofan aero engine that first ran in 1960.
The British Aerospace (BAe) P.1216 was a planned supersonic Advanced Short Take Off/Vertical Landing (ASTOVL) aircraft from the 1980s.
The British Aerospace Sea Harrier is a naval short take-off and vertical landing/vertical take-off and landing jet fighter, reconnaissance and attack aircraft; the second member of the Harrier Jump Jet family developed.
The Beta 1 was a non-rigid airship constructed for experimental purposes in the United Kingdom by the Army Balloon Factory in 1910.
The static buoyancy of airships in flight is not constant.
The Cobra Turn is a fighter aircraft maneuver.
The Convair Model 48 Charger was a prototype light attack and observation aircraft of the 1960s, developed to meet a requirement for a dedicated counter-insurgency (COIN) aircraft.
The Dassault Rafale (literally meaning "gust of wind", and "burst of fire" in a more military sense) is a French twin-engine, canard delta wing, multirole fighter aircraft designed and built by Dassault Aviation.
Delta is an American versatile family of expendable launch systems that has provided space launch capability in the United States since 1960.
The Delta III rocket was an expendable launch vehicle made by Boeing.
The Dornier Do 31 was a West German experimental VTOL jet transport built by Dornier.
A ducted fan is a propulsion arrangement whereby a mechanical fan, which is a type of propeller, is mounted within a cylindrical shroud or duct.
The Eurofighter Typhoon is a twin-engine, canard-delta wing, multirole fighter.
A fifth-generation jet fighter is a jet fighter classification used around the world that encompasses the most advanced jet fighter generation.
A fighter aircraft is a military aircraft designed primarily for air-to-air combat against other aircraft, as opposed to bombers and attack aircraft, whose main mission is to attack ground targets.
Flight is the process by which an object moves through an atmosphere (or beyond it, as in the case of spaceflight) without contact with the surface.
Flight dynamics is the science of air vehicle orientation and control in three dimensions.
Fluidics, or fluidic logic, is the use of a fluid to perform analog or digital operations similar to those performed with electronics.
The Focke-Wulf Fw 260 Flamingo and Focke-Wulf Fw 300 were a pair of related VTOL airliner projects, designed by Focke-Wulf during the early 1960s.
A forward-swept wing is an aircraft wing configuration in which the quarter-chord line of the wing has a forward sweep.
Fourth-generation jet fighter is a general classification of jet fighters in service from approximately 1980 to the present and represent design concepts of the 1970s.
A large number of variants of the General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon have been produced by General Dynamics, Lockheed Martin, and various licensed manufacturers.
The General Dynamics (now Lockheed Martin) F-16 VISTA ("Variable stability In-flight Simulator Test Aircraft") is an experimental aircraft, derived from the F-16 Fighting Falcon, which was modified as a joint venture between General Dynamics and Calspan for use by the USAF.
The General Electric YF120 was a variable cycle turbofan engine designed by GE Aircraft Engines in the late 1980s/early 1990s for the United States Air Force's Advanced Tactical Fighter (ATF) project (which resulted in the F-22 Raptor).
A gimbal is a pivoted support that allows the rotation of an object about a single axis.
Gimbaled thrust is the system of thrust vectoring used in most rockets, including the Space Shuttle, the Saturn V lunar rockets, and the Falcon 9.
Gordon Manns Lewis CBE FREng (24 June 1924 – 4 October 2010) was a British aeronautical engineer who made significant contributions to the arts and sciences of turbine engine design.
The GTRE GTX-35VS Kaveri is an afterburning turbofan project developed by the Gas Turbine Research Establishment (GTRE), a lab under the DRDO in Bangalore, India.
The HAL Advanced Medium Combat Aircraft (AMCA) is an Indian programme of a fifth-generation fighter aircraft.
The Harrier, informally referred to as the Harrier Jump Jet, is a family of jet-powered attack aircraft capable of vertical/short takeoff and landing operations (V/STOL).
The Hawker Siddeley Harrier, developed in the 1960s, was the first of the Harrier Jump Jet series of aircraft.
The Hawker Siddeley HS.141 was a 1970s design study and submission for a British V/STOL airliner requirement.
The Hawker P.1127 and the Hawker Siddeley Kestrel FGA.1 are the experimental and development aircraft that led to the Hawker Siddeley Harrier, the first vertical and/or short take-off and landing (V/STOL) jet fighter-bomber.
The Herbst maneuver (also known as a J-turn"Turn and Burn." Fulghum, D. A.; Fabey, M. J. Aviation Week & Space Technology. January 8, 2007."." Pike, J. GlobalSecurity.org.) is an air combat maneuver that uses post-stall technology such as thrust vectoring and advanced flight controls to achieve high angles of attack.
The High Alpha (angle of attack) Research Vehicle was an American modified McDonnell Douglas F/A-18 Hornet used by NASA in a 3-phase program investigating controlled flight at high angles of attack using thrust vectoring, modifications to the flight controls, and with actuated forebody strakes.
The first rockets were used as propulsion systems for arrows, and may have appeared as early as the 10th century Song dynasty China.
The HOT (Haut subsonique Optiquement Téléguidé Tiré d'un Tube, or High Subsonic Optical Remote-Guided, Tube-Launched) is a second-generation long-range anti-tank missile system developed originally as an effort to meet a joint German-French Army requirement, by the then German firm Bölkow and the French firm Nord, to replace the older SS.11 wire guided missile which was in service with both nations.
The Hybrid Air Vehicles HAV 304/Airlander 10 is a hybrid airship designed and built by British manufacturer Hybrid Air Vehicles (HAV).
A hybrid airship is a powered aircraft that obtains some of its lift as a lighter-than-air (LTA) airship and some from aerodynamic lift as a heavier-than-air aerodyne.
The IML Addax was a proposed multirole combat aircraft designed by the New Zealand IML Group.
This is an alphabetical list of articles pertaining specifically to aerospace engineering.
Aviation is the design, development, production, operation, and use of aircraft, especially heavier-than-air aircraft.
The Medium Multi-Role Combat Aircraft (MMRCA) competition, also known as the MRCA tender, was a competition to supply 126 multi-role combat aircraft to the Indian Air Force (IAF).
The IRIS-T (Infra Red Imaging System Tail/Thrust Vector-Controlled) is a German-led program to develop a short-range infrared homing air-to-air missile to replace the AIM-9 Sidewinder found in some NATO member countries.
The Ishikawajima-Harima Heavy Industries (IHI) F3 is a low bypass turbofan engine developed in Japan by Ishikawajima-Harima Heavy Industries for the Kawasaki T-4 jet trainer aircraft.
J-XXConiglio 2006, P.44 J-X,Chang 2002 and XXJ are names applied by Western intelligence agencies to describe programs by the People's Republic of China to develop one or more fifth-generation fighter aircraft.
Jet fighters are often categorized historically in "generations", a term that first appeared in the 1990s, according to the Royal Australian Air Force's Air Power Development Centre Bulletin: "to make sense of the leap-frogging improvements in performance to jet fighter aircraft brought about through major advances in aircraft design, avionics, and weapon systems".
A jet pack, rocket belt or rocket pack is a device, usually worn on the back, which uses jets of gas (or in some cases liquid) to propel the wearer through the air.
The Klimov RD-33 is a turbofan jet engine for a lightweight fighter jet that is the primary engine for the Mikoyan MiG-29 and CAC/PAC JF-17 Thunder.
A lift jet is a jet engine angled to provide an aircraft with aerostatic (i.e. not requiring the movement of air over an airfoil) lift like a humming bird, instead of (or in addition to) thrust.
This is a list of notable accidents and incidents involving military aircraft grouped by the year in which the accident or incident occurred.
This is a list of notable accidents and incidents involving military aircraft grouped by the year in which the accident or incident occurred.
This is a year-by-year list of aviation accidents that have occurred at airshows worldwide in the 20th century.
The following is a list and timeline of innovations as well as inventions and discoveries that involved British people or the United Kingdom including predecessor states in the history of the formation of the United Kingdom.
English inventions and discoveries are objects, processes or techniques invented, innovated or discovered, partially or entirely, in England by a person from England (that is, someone born in England - including to non-English parents - or born abroad with at least one English parent and who had the majority of their education or career in England).
This is a list of experimental aircraft, or aircraft used or built to conduct experiments involving aerodynamics, structural materials, propulsion systems, configuration and equipment.
The X-planes are a series of experimental United States aircraft and rockets, used to test and evaluate new technologies and aerodynamic concepts.
The Lockheed Martin F-22 Raptor is a fifth-generation, single-seat, twin-engine, all-weather stealth tactical fighter aircraft developed for the United States Air Force (USAF).
The Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II is a family of single-seat, single-engine, all-weather stealth multirole fighters.
The Lockheed Martin X-44 MANTA (Multi-Axis No-Tail Aircraft) was a conceptual aircraft design by Lockheed Martin that has been studied by NASA and the U.S. Air Force.
The long-tail boat, (เรือหางยาว) is a type of watercraft native to Southeast Asia, which uses a common automotive engine as a readily available and maintainable powerplant.
The M20 was a French submarine-launched ballistic missile (SLBM) deployed on the nuclear s from 1977.
The McDonnell Douglas (now Boeing) AV-8B Harrier II is a single-engine ground-attack aircraft that constitutes the second generation of the Harrier Jump Jet family.
The McDonnell Douglas F-15 STOL/MTD (Short Takeoff and Landing/Maneuver Technology Demonstrator) is a modified F-15 Eagle.
The McDonnell Douglas F/A-18 Hornet is a twin-engine, supersonic, all-weather, carrier-capable, multirole combat jet, designed as both a fighter and attack aircraft (hence the F/A designation).
The McDonnell Douglas (later Boeing) X-36 Tailless Fighter Agility Research Aircraft was an American subscale prototype jet designed to fly without the traditional tail assembly found on most aircraft.
Merlin is a family of rocket engines developed by SpaceX for use on its Falcon 1, Falcon 9 and Falcon Heavy launch vehicles.
The MBDA MICA (Missile d’interception, de combat et d’autodéfense, “interception, combat and self-defence missile”) is an anti-air multi-target, all weather, fire-and-forget short and medium-range missile system.
The Mikoyan MiG-29 (Микоян МиГ-29; NATO reporting name: Fulcrum) is a twin-engine jet fighter aircraft designed in the Soviet Union.
The Mikoyan MiG-35 (Микоян МиГ-35; NATO reporting name: Fulcrum-F) is a Russian multirole fighter that is designed by Russian Aircraft Corporation MiG, or Mikoyan.
The Mikoyan Project 1.44/1.42 (Микоян МиГ-1.44; NATO reporting name: Flatpack) was a technology demonstrator developed by the Mikoyan design bureau.
The Mitsubishi X-2 Shinshin (formerly the ATD-X) is a Japanese experimental aircraft for testing advanced stealth fighter aircraft technologies.
A model aircraft is a small sized unmanned aircraft or, in the case of a scale model, a replica of an existing or imaginary aircraft.
NBMR-3 or NATO Basic Military Requirement 3 was a document produced by a North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) committee in the early 1960s detailing the specification of future combat aircraft designs.
Nike Zeus was an anti-ballistic missile (ABM) system developed by the US Army during the late 1950s and early 1960s that was designed to destroy incoming Soviet intercontinental ballistic missile warheads before they could hit their targets.
Nike-X was an anti-ballistic missile (ABM) system designed in the 1960s by the United States Army to protect major cities in the United States from attacks by the Soviet Union's intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) fleet during the Cold War.
The BQM-74 Chukar is a series of aerial target drones produced by Northrop.
The Northrop/McDonnell Douglas YF-23 was an American single-seat, twin-engine stealth fighter aircraft technology demonstrator designed for the United States Air Force (USAF).
The Novator KS-172 is a Russian air-to-air missile designed as an "AWACS killer" at ranges up to 400 km.
The XBQM-108A was an experimental VTOL unmanned aerial vehicle developed by the United States Navy during the 1970s.
P80 is a solid-fuel first-stage rocket motor used on the European Space Agency Vega rocket (in the P80FW version).
A paddle is an implement for mixing or pushing against liquids, typically in order to propel a boat.
The Pegasus is an air-launched rocket developed by Orbital Sciences Corporation (now part of Northrop Grumman Innovation System after Northrop Grumman acquired Orbital ATK).
Pegasus II, also known as Thunderbolt, was an air-launched orbital rocket under development in 2012–2015 by Orbital Sciences Corporation for use by Stratolaunch Systems.
The Pershing II Weapon System was a solid-fueled two-stage ballistic missile designed and built by Martin Marietta to replace the Pershing 1a Field Artillery Missile System as the United States Army's primary nuclear-capable theater-level weapon.
The Piasecki X-49 "SpeedHawk" is an American four-bladed, twin-engined experimental high-speed compound helicopter under development by Piasecki Aircraft.
The Piper PA-47 PiperJet was a single-engined very light jet (VLJ) that was intended to be developed and built by Piper Aircraft.
The Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) is an expendable launch system developed and operated by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO).
In aircraft flight dynamics, post stall is a flight condition in which the aircraft velocity has become lower than stall speed, in order to overcome stalling in the aircraft.
The post-PFI projects refer to several Soviet and Russian Air Force projects initiated to replace the PFI-era aircraft.
The Pratt & Whitney F119, company designation PW5000, is an afterburning turbofan engine developed by Pratt & Whitney for the Lockheed Martin F-22 Raptor advanced tactical fighter.
The Proton-M, (Протон-М) GRAU index 8K82M or, is a Russian heavy-lift launch vehicle derived from the Soviet-developed Proton.
In aerobatics, Pugachev's Cobra (or Pugachev Cobra) is a dramatic and demanding maneuver in which an airplane flying at a moderate speed suddenly raises the nose momentarily to the vertical position and slightly beyond, before dropping it back to normal flight.
A view of pump-jets operating ''Discovery'' jet ski pump jet Rear view of pump-jet on a Mark 50 torpedo A pump-jet, hydrojet, or water jet is a marine system that creates a jet of water for propulsion.
The Rafael Python is a family of air-to-air missiles (AAMs) built by the Israeli weapons manufacturer Rafael Advanced Defense Systems, formerly RAFAEL Armament Development Authority.
The RD-0210 (GRAU Index: 8D411K) is also known as the RD-465.
The RD-0214 (GRAU Index: 8D811) is a rocket vernier engine burning N2O4 and UDMH in a gas generator cycle.
The RD-0216 and RD-0217 are liquid rocket engines, burning N2O4 and UDMH in the oxidizer rich staged combustion cycle.
The RD-0236 (GRAU Index 15D114) is a liquid rocket vernier engine, burning N2O4 and UDMH in the gas generator cycle.
The RD-0237 (GRAU Index 15D114) is a pressure-fed liquid rocket vernier engine, burning N2O4 and UDMH.
The RD-107 and its sibling, the RD-108, are a type of rocket engine initially used to launch R-7 Semyorka missiles.
The RD-119 (GRAU Index 8D710) was a liquid rocket engine, burning liquid oxygen and UDMH in the Gas Generator cycle.
The RD-120 (GRAU Index 11D123) is a liquid upper stage rocket engine burning RG-1 (refined kerosene) and LOX in an oxidizer rich staged combustion cycle with an O/F ratio of 2.6.
The RD-214 (GRAU Index 8D59) was a liquid rocket engine, burning AK-27I (a mixture of 73% nitric acid and 27% N2O4 + iodine passivant and TM-185 (a kerosene and gasoline mix) in the gas generator cycle. As was the case with many V-2 influenced engines, the single turbine was driven by steam generated by catalytic decomposition of H2O2. It also had four combustion chambers and vector control was achieved by refractory vanes protruding into the nozzle's exhaust.
The RD-8 (Russian: РД-8 and GRAU Index: 11D513) is an Ukrainian liquid propellant rocket engine burning LOX and RG-1 (a rocket grade kerosene) in a oxidizer rich staged combustion cycle.
The RD-801 (Russian: РД-801) is an Ukrainian liquid propellant rocket engine burning LOX and Kerosene (RG-1) in a staged combustion cycle.
The RD-810 (РД-810) is an Ukrainian liquid propellant rocket engine burning LOX and Kerosene (RG-1) in a staged combustion cycle.
The RD-855 (GRAU Index 8D68M), also known as the RD-68M, is a four nozzle liquid rocket vernier engine, burning N2O4 and UDMH in a gas generator cycle.
The RD-855 (GRAU Index 8D69M), also known as the RD-69M, is a four nozzle liquid rocket vernier engine, burning N2O4 and UDMH in a gas generator cycle.
The RD-864 (GRAU: 15D177) is a Soviet liquid propellant rocket engine burning UDMH and nitrogen tetroxide in a gas generator combustion cycle.
The reciprocating chemical muscle (RCM) is a mechanism that takes advantage of the superior energy density of chemical reactions.
Robert Hutchings Goddard (October 5, 1882 – August 10, 1945) was an American engineer, professor, physicist, and inventor who is credited with creating and building the world's first liquid-fueled rocket.
A rocket (from Italian rocchetto "bobbin") is a missile, spacecraft, aircraft or other vehicle that obtains thrust from a rocket engine.
The Rockwell-Messerschmitt-Bölkow-Blohm X-31 was an experimental jet fighter designed to test fighter thrust vectoring technology.
Roller chain or bush roller chain is the type of chain drive most commonly used for transmission of mechanical power on many kinds of domestic, industrial and agricultural machinery, including conveyors, wire- and tube-drawing machines, printing presses, cars, motorcycles, and bicycles.
The Rolls-Royce LiftSystem, together with the F135 engine, is an aircraft propulsion system designed for use in the STOVL variant of the F-35 Lightning II.
The Rolls-Royce Pegasus, formerly the Bristol Siddeley Pegasus, is a turbofan engine originally designed by Bristol Siddeley.
The RZ.2 was a British design for a liquid oxygen (LOX) / kerosene-fuelled rocket engine to power the Blue Streak missile.
The Rolls-Royce/MAN Turbo RB.193 was a vectored thrust turbofan engine designed and manufactured by Rolls-Royce and MAN Turbo in the mid-1960s.
The Royal Thai Air Force or RTAF (กองทัพอากาศไทย) is the air force of the Kingdom of Thailand.
The RT-23 (NATO reporting name SS-24 Scalpel) РТ-23 УТТХ «Мо́лодец» was a Soviet ICBM developed and produced before 1991 by the Yuzhnoye Design Bureau in Dnipro, Ukraine (then part of the Soviet Union).
Runway safety is concerned with reducing harm that could occur on an aircraft runway.
The Ryan X-13 Vertijet (company designation Model 69) was an experimental vertical take-off and landing (VTOL) jet aircraft flown in the United States in the 1950s.
The S-300 (NATO reporting name SA-10 Grumble) is a series of initially Soviet and later Russian long range surface-to-air missile systems produced by NPO Almaz, based on the initial S-300P version.
The S5.4 (AKA TDU-1, GRAU Index 8D66), was a Russian liquid rocket engine burning TG-02 and AK20F in the gas generator cycle.
The Saab JAS 39 Gripen (English: "griffin") is a light single-engine multirole fighter aircraft manufactured by the Swedish aerospace company Saab.
The Saturn AL-31 is a family of military turbofan engines.
Sea Wolf is a naval guided missile system designed and built by BAC, later to become British Aerospace (BAe) Dynamics (now MBDA).
"Serenity" is the series pilot for the American science fiction television series Firefly created by Joss Whedon.
The Shenyang WS-10, codename Taihang, is a turbofan engine designed and built by the People's Republic of China.
Soft science fiction, or soft SF, is a category of science fiction with two different definitions.
The Soyuz-7 is a launch family Russian rocket proposed by JSC SRC Progress, the manufacturer and custodian of the Soyuz family design, within the Project Feniks.
The Space Shuttle orbiter was the spaceplane component of the Space Shuttle, a partially reusable orbital spacecraft system that was part of the Space Shuttle program.
The Space Shuttle Solid Rocket Boosters (SRBs) were the first solid fuel motors to be used for primary propulsion on a vehicle used for human spaceflight and provided the majority of the Space Shuttle's thrust during the first two minutes of flight.
SpaceX CRS-10, also known as SpX-10, was a Dragon Commercial Resupply Service mission to the International Space Station (ISS) which launched on 19 February 2017.
SpaceX CRS-5, also known as SpX-5, was a Commercial Resupply Service mission to the International Space Station, conducted by SpaceX for NASA, and was launched on 10 January 2015 and ended on 11 February 2015.
The SpaceX reusable launch system development program is a privately funded program to develop a set of new technologies for an orbital launch system that may be reused many times in a manner similar to the reusability of aircraft.
The Short Range Air-to-Air Missile, or SRAAM, was an experimental British infrared homing ("heat seeking") air-to-air missile, developed between 1968 and 1980 by Hawker Siddeley Dynamics.
The SS.12 and AS.12 are two variants of the same missile: SS for surface-to-surface and AS for air-to-surface.
In fluid dynamics, a stall is a reduction in the lift coefficient generated by a foil as angle of attack increases.
Sir Stanley George Hooker, FRS, DPhil, BSc, FRAeS, MIMechE, FAAAS, (30 September 1907 – 24 May 1984) was a mathematician and jet engine engineer.
The Star is a family of American solid-fuel rocket motor used by many space propulsion and launch vehicle stages.
Steady flight, unaccelerated flight, or equilibrium flight is a special case in flight dynamics where the aircraft's linear and angular velocity are constant in a body-fixed reference frame.
Stealth technology also termed low observable technology (LO technology) is a sub-discipline of military tactics and passive electronic countermeasures, which cover a range of techniques used with personnel, aircraft, ships, submarines, missiles and satellites to make them less visible (ideally invisible) to radar, infrared, sonar and other detection methods.
Steering is the collection of components, linkages, etc.
A short take-off and vertical landing aircraft (STOVL aircraft) is a fixed-wing aircraft that is able to take off from a short runway (or take off vertically if it does not have a heavy payload) and land vertically (i.e. with no runway).
The Sukhoi Su-27 (Сухой Су-27; NATO reporting name: Flanker) is a twin-engine supermaneuverable fighter aircraft designed by Sukhoi.
The Sukhoi Su-30 (Сухой Су-30; NATO reporting name: Flanker-C) is a twin-engine, two-seat supermaneuverable fighter aircraft developed by Russia's Sukhoi Aviation Corporation.
The Sukhoi Su-30MKI (NATO reporting name: Flanker-H) is a twinjet multirole air superiority fighter developed by Russia's Sukhoi and built under licence by India's Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) for the Indian Air Force (IAF).
The Sukhoi Su-30MKM (Russian: Модернизированный Коммерческий Малайзийский/Modernizirovannyi Kommercheskiy Malayziyskiy – Modernized Export Malaysia; NATO reporting name: Flanker-H) is a supermaneuverable fighter of the Royal Malaysian Air Force.
The Sukhoi Su-35 (Сухой Су-35; NATO reporting name: Flanker-E)|group.
The Sukhoi Su-37 (Сухой Су-37; NATO reporting name: Flanker-F) is a single-seat twin-engine aircraft designed by the Sukhoi Design Bureau that served as a technology demonstrator.
The Sukhoi Su-47 Berkut (translation) (NATO reporting name Firkin), also designated S-32 and S-37 (not to be confused with the twin-engined delta canard designButtler, Tony and Gordon, Yefim. "Soviet Secret Projects: Fighters Since 1945". Midland Publishing, 2005.. offered by Sukhoi in the early 1990s under the designation Su-37) during initial development, was an experimental supersonic jet fighter developed by Sukhoi Aviation Corporation.
The Sukhoi Su-57 (Сухой Су-57) is the designation for a stealth, single-seat, twin-engine multirole fifth-generation jet fighter being developed for air superiority and attack operations.
The Super Dvora Mark III-class patrol boat is the latest generation of the venerable Dvora family of fast patrol boats or fast attack crafts (FPB/FAC).
Supermaneuverability is the ability of aircraft to maintain pilot control and perform maneuvers in situations and ways exceeding those that are possible using purely aerodynamic mechanisms.
Swingfire was a British wire-guided anti-tank missile developed in the 1960s and produced from 1966 until 1993.
Sir Sydney Camm, CBE, FRAeS (5 August 189312 March 1966) was an English aeronautical engineer who contributed to many Hawker aircraft designs, from the biplanes of the 1920s to jet fighters.
A tail-sitter or tailsitter is a type of VTOL aircraft that takes off and lands on its tail, then tilts horizontally for forward flight.
The tailslide is an aerobatic maneuver that starts from level flight with a 1/4 loop up into a straight vertical climb (at full power) until the aircraft loses momentum.
The Tangent EMG-5, (Electric Motor Glider Model 5), is a proposed single-place electric airplane designed to be certified in the US either as an FAR Part 103 compliant ultralight (no pilot's license needed in the US), as a motor glider (glider pilot license required in the US), or as an experimental amateur built airplane (private pilot license required in the US).
A thermal airship is an airship that generates buoyancy by heating air in a large chamber or envelope.
The third-generation jet fighter was the class of fighter aircraft developed between the early 1960s to the 1970s.
A three-surface aircraft or sometimes three-lifting-surface aircraft has a foreplane, a central wing and a tailplane.
Thrust is a reaction force described quantitatively by Newton's third law.
Thrust reversal, also called reverse thrust, is the temporary diversion of an aircraft engine's thrust so that it is directed forward, rather than backward.
A tiltjet aircraft is similar in concept to a tiltrotor design.
A tiltrotor is an aircraft which generates lift and propulsion by way of one or more powered rotors (sometimes called proprotors) mounted on rotating engine pods or nacelles usually at the ends of a fixed wing or an engine mounted in the fuselage with drive shafts transferring power to rotor assemblies mounted on the wingtips.
A tiltwing aircraft features a wing that is horizontal for conventional forward flight and rotates up for vertical takeoff and landing.
The turbofan or fanjet is a type of airbreathing jet engine that is widely used in aircraft propulsion.
TVC may refer to.
UA120 was a family of American solid-fueled rocket stages, manufactured by the Chemical Systems Division of United Aircraft (later United Technologies Corporation).
The UGM-133A Trident II, or Trident D5 is a submarine-launched ballistic missile (SLBM), built by Lockheed Martin Space Systems in Sunnyvale, California, and deployed with the American and British navies.
The UGM-27 Polaris missile was a two-stage solid-fueled nuclear-armed submarine-launched ballistic missile.
The UGM-73 Poseidon missile was the second US Navy nuclear-armed submarine-launched ballistic missile (SLBM) system, powered by a two-stage solid-fuel rocket.
The Umkhonto (spear) is a South African family of modern short- to medium-range, all-weather-capable vertical launch (VLS) surface-to-air missiles (SAM) manufactured by South Africa's Denel Dynamics (formerly known as Kentron).
A United States Department of Defense aerospace vehicle designation is determined by a detailed protocol which identifies all aircraft, helicopters, rockets, missiles, spacecraft, and other aerial vehicles in military use by the United States Armed Forces.
The UR-200 was an intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) developed by OKB-52 of Vladimir Nikolaevich Chelomey in the Soviet Union.
The USS Macon (ZRS-5) was a rigid airship built and operated by the United States Navy for scouting and served as a "flying aircraft carrier", designed to carry biplane parasite aircraft, five single-seat Curtiss F9C Sparrowhawk for scouting or two-seat Fleet N2Y-1 for training.
The VA-111 Shkval (from шквал — squall) torpedo and its descendants are supercavitating torpedoes originally developed by the Soviet Union.
Vector may refer to.
Vega (Vettore Europeo di Generazione Avanzata, meaning "Advanced generation European carrier rocket"), is an expendable launch system in use by Arianespace jointly developed by the Italian Space Agency and the European Space Agency.
The VFW VAK 191B was an experimental German vertical take-off and landing (VTOL) strike fighter of the early 1970s.
The Viking rocket series of sounding rockets were designed and built by the Glenn L. Martin Company (now Lockheed-Martin) under the direction of the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory (NRL).
Vought's HVM, short for Hyper-Velocity Missile, was an anti-tank missile developed during the 1980s.
A vertical take-off and landing (VTOL) aircraft is one that can hover, take off, and land vertically.
Vertical takeoff, vertical landing (VTVL) is a form of takeoff and landing for rockets.
The Walrus HULA (Hybrid Ultra Large Aircraft) project was a DARPA-funded experiment to create an airship capable of traveling up to 12,000 nautical miles (about 22,000 km) in range, while carrying 500-1000 tons of air cargo.
The GE X-405 — U.S. Navy designation XLR50-GE-2 — was a pump-fed liquid-propellant rocket engine burning RP-1 and LOX in a gas generator cycle developed by General Electric.
The Bell Aerosystems Company XLR81 (Model 8096) was an American liquid-propellant rocket engine, which was used on the Agena upper stage.
The YF-75 is a liquid cryogenic rocket engine burning liquid hydrogen and liquid oxygen in a gas generator cycle.
The YF-75D is a liquid cryogenic rocket engine burning liquid hydrogen and liquid oxygen in a closed circuit expander cycle.
The 9K720 Iskander («Искандер»; NATO reporting name SS-26 Stone) is a mobile short-range ballistic missile system produced and deployed by the Russian Federation.
Jet Steering, Thrust Vectoring, Thrust vector control, Thrust vectored, Thrust-vector, Thrust-vectoring, Vectored thrust, Vectored-thrust, Vectoring In Forward Flight, Vectoring in forward flight, Vectoring nozzle, Vectoring nozzles.