53 relations: Abalakov thread, AK-47, AK-630, Amur-class minelayer (1898), ANS synthesizer, AS-44, Baikal MR-153, Balalaika, Croix Sonore, Education in Russia, Fedorov Avtomat, Fractional Orbital Bombardment System, French (tunic), Gymnastyorka, History of Russia, Ilizarov apparatus, Izba, Khokhloma, Kirlian photography, Koch (boat), List of Russian inventors, List of Russian scientists, List of Russian weaponry makers, List of science and technology articles by continent, List of timelines, Lunokhod 1, Maksutov telescope, Military history of Russia, Military history of the Soviet Union, MIR (computer), Optophonic Piano, Outline of Russia, R-7 Semyorka, Roscosmos, Russia, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russian cruiser General-Admiral, Russian culture, Russian oven, Science and technology in Russia, Science and technology in the Soviet Union, Setun, Sikorsky Ilya Muromets, Socialism, Sokha, Soviet laser pistol, Sovnya, Sputnik 1, Teletank, Theremin, ..., Vladimirskiy rozhok, Winogradsky column, Yablochkov candle. Expand index (3 more) » « Shrink index
Abseiling at an Abalakov thread The Abalakov thread, or V-Thread, is an ice protection device named after its innovator, Soviet climber Vitaly Abalakov.
The AK-47, or AK as it is officially known, also known as the Kalashnikov, is a gas-operated, 7.62×39mm assault rifle, developed in the Soviet Union by Mikhail Kalashnikov.
The AK-630 is a Soviet and Russian fully automatic naval close-in weapon system based on a six-barreled 30 mm rotary cannon.
The Amur-class minelayers were the first purpose-built, ocean-going minelayers in the world.
The ANS synthesizer is a photoelectronic musical instrument created by Russian engineer Evgeny Murzin from 1937 to 1957.
The Sudayev AS-44 (Avtomat Sudayev, Автомат Суда́ев) was an early Soviet assault rifle that was designed in 1944 by Alexey Sudayev.
The Baikal MP-153 is a 12 gauge gas-operated semi-automatic shotgun manufactured by the Izhevsk Mechanical Plant in Russia.
The balalaika (балала́йка) is a Russian stringed musical instrument with a characteristic triangular wooden, hollow body and three strings.
The Croix Sonore is an early electronic musical instrument with continuous pitch, similar to the theremin.
In Russia the state provides most education services, regulating education through the Ministry of Education and Science.
The Fedorov Avtomat (also anglicized as Federov,MILITARY SMALL ARMS OF THE 20TH CENTURY, 7TH EDITION, BY IAN V. HOGG & JOHN S. WEEKS, KRAUSE PUBLICATIONS, 2000, PAGE 267, Russian: Автомат Фёдорова) (English: Federov Automatic Rifle) or FA was a select-fire, crew-served automatic rifle, designed by Vladimir Grigoryevich Fyodorov in 1915 and produced in the Russian Empire and later in the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic.
The Fractional Orbital Bombardment System (FOBS) was a Soviet ICBM program in the 1960s that after launch would go into a low Earth orbit and would then de-orbit for an attack.
French — (френч) was the designation of a particular type of military jacket or tunic in the Russian Empire and later in the Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR).
Gymnastyorka (usually translated in English as Gimnasterka; also spelled Gymnastiorka; p) was a Russian military shirt-tunic comprising a pullover-style garment with a standing collar having double button closure.
The History of Russia begins with that of the East Slavs.
The Ilizarov apparatus is a type of external fixation used in orthopedic surgery to lengthen or reshape limb bones; as a limb-sparing technique to treat complex and/or open bone fractures; and in cases of infected nonunions of bones that are not amenable with other techniques.
An izba (a) is a traditional Russian countryside dwelling.
Khokhloma or Khokhloma painting (хохлома or хохломская роспись in Russian, or Khokhlomskaya rospis') is the name of a Russian wood painting handicraft style and national ornament, known for its vivid flower patterns, red, green, and gold colors over a black background, and the effect it has when applied to wooden tableware or furniture, making it look heavier and metal-like.
Kirlian photography is a collection of photographic techniques used to capture the phenomenon of electrical coronal discharges.
The koch (a) was a special type of small one or two mast wooden sailing ships designed and used in Russia for transpolar voyages in ice conditions of the Arctic seas, popular among the Pomors.
This is a list of inventors from the Russian Federation, Soviet Union, Russian Empire, Tsardom of Russia and Grand Duchy of Moscow, including both ethnic Russians and people of other ethnicities.
This list of Russian weaponry makers includes the famous weaponry inventors and engineers of the Tsardom of Russia, Russian Empire, the Soviet Union and the Russian Federation.
This is a list of Wikipedia science and technology articles by continent.
This is a list of timelines currently on Wikipedia.
Lunokhod 1 (Луноход, moon walker in Russian; Аппарат 8ЕЛ № 203, vehicle 8ЕЛ№203) was the first of two unmanned lunar rovers landed on the Moon by the Soviet Union as part of its Lunokhod program.
The Maksutov (also called a "Mak") is a catadioptric telescope design that combines a spherical mirror with a weakly negative meniscus lens in a design that takes advantage of all the surfaces being nearly "spherically symmetrical".
The military history of the modern-day Russian Federation has antecedents involving the Rus' (who built Kiev), the Mongol invasion of the early 13th century, Russia's numerous wars against Turkey, against Poland, Lithuania and Sweden, the Seven Years' War, France (especially the Napoleonic Wars), and the Crimean War of 1853–1856.
The military history of the Soviet Union began in the days following the 1917 October Revolution that brought the Bolsheviks to power.
The MIR series of early Soviet personal computers was developed from 1965 (MIR), 1968 (MIR-1) to 1969 (MIR-2) in a group headed by Victor Glushkov.
The Optophonic Piano is an electronic optical instrument created by the Russian Futurist painter Vladimir Baranoff Rossiné.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Russia.
The R-7 (Р-7 "Семёрка") was a Soviet missile developed during the Cold War, and the world's first intercontinental ballistic missile.
The Roscosmos State Corporation for Space Activities (Государственная корпорация по космической деятельности «Роскосмос»), commonly known as Roscosmos (Роскосмос), is a state corporation responsible for the space flight and cosmonautics program for the Russian Federation.
Russia (rɐˈsʲijə), officially the Russian Federation (p), is a country in Eurasia. At, Russia is the largest country in the world by area, covering more than one-eighth of the Earth's inhabited land area, and the ninth most populous, with over 144 million people as of December 2017, excluding Crimea. About 77% of the population live in the western, European part of the country. Russia's capital Moscow is one of the largest cities in the world; other major cities include Saint Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg and Nizhny Novgorod. Extending across the entirety of Northern Asia and much of Eastern Europe, Russia spans eleven time zones and incorporates a wide range of environments and landforms. From northwest to southeast, Russia shares land borders with Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland (both with Kaliningrad Oblast), Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia and North Korea. It shares maritime borders with Japan by the Sea of Okhotsk and the U.S. state of Alaska across the Bering Strait. The East Slavs emerged as a recognizable group in Europe between the 3rd and 8th centuries AD. Founded and ruled by a Varangian warrior elite and their descendants, the medieval state of Rus arose in the 9th century. In 988 it adopted Orthodox Christianity from the Byzantine Empire, beginning the synthesis of Byzantine and Slavic cultures that defined Russian culture for the next millennium. Rus' ultimately disintegrated into a number of smaller states; most of the Rus' lands were overrun by the Mongol invasion and became tributaries of the nomadic Golden Horde in the 13th century. The Grand Duchy of Moscow gradually reunified the surrounding Russian principalities, achieved independence from the Golden Horde. By the 18th century, the nation had greatly expanded through conquest, annexation, and exploration to become the Russian Empire, which was the third largest empire in history, stretching from Poland on the west to Alaska on the east. Following the Russian Revolution, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic became the largest and leading constituent of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the world's first constitutionally socialist state. The Soviet Union played a decisive role in the Allied victory in World War II, and emerged as a recognized superpower and rival to the United States during the Cold War. The Soviet era saw some of the most significant technological achievements of the 20th century, including the world's first human-made satellite and the launching of the first humans in space. By the end of 1990, the Soviet Union had the world's second largest economy, largest standing military in the world and the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, twelve independent republics emerged from the USSR: Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and the Baltic states regained independence: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania; the Russian SFSR reconstituted itself as the Russian Federation and is recognized as the continuing legal personality and a successor of the Soviet Union. It is governed as a federal semi-presidential republic. The Russian economy ranks as the twelfth largest by nominal GDP and sixth largest by purchasing power parity in 2015. Russia's extensive mineral and energy resources are the largest such reserves in the world, making it one of the leading producers of oil and natural gas globally. The country is one of the five recognized nuclear weapons states and possesses the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Russia is a great power as well as a regional power and has been characterised as a potential superpower. It is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council and an active global partner of ASEAN, as well as a member of the G20, the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), the Council of Europe, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), and the World Trade Organization (WTO), as well as being the leading member of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) and one of the five members of the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU), along with Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan.
The Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS; Росси́йская акаде́мия нау́к (РАН) Rossíiskaya akadémiya naúk) consists of the national academy of Russia; a network of scientific research institutes from across the Russian Federation; and additional scientific and social units such as libraries, publishing units, and hospitals.
General-Admiral was the lead ship of the armored cruisers built for the Imperial Russian Navy in the early 1870s.
Russian culture has a long history.
A Russian oven or Russian stove (Русская печь) is a unique type of masonry stove that first appeared in the 15th century.
Science and technology in Russia developed rapidly since the Age of Enlightenment, when Peter the Great founded the Russian Academy of Sciences and Saint Petersburg State University and polymath Mikhail Lomonosov founded the Moscow State University, establishing a strong native tradition in learning and innovation.
In the Soviet Union, science and technology served as an important part of national politics, practices, and identity.
Setun (Сетунь) was a computer developed in 1958 at Moscow State University.
The Sikorsky Ilya Muromets (Сикорский Илья Муромец) (Sikorsky S-22, S-23, S-24, S-25, S-26 and S-27) were a class of Russian pre-World War I large four-engine commercial airliners and military heavy bombers used during World War I by the Russian Empire.
Socialism is a range of economic and social systems characterised by social ownership and democratic control of the means of production as well as the political theories and movements associated with them.
In Russia, Finland, and a few nearby countries, a sokha (соха) is a light wooden ard, consisting of two body ards, with their parallel beams forming the two shafts for a single horse-drawn tillage implement with two socket shares (рассоха).
The Soviet laser pistol was a prototype energy weapon designed for cosmonauts.
A sovnya (совня) is a traditional polearm used in Russia.
Sputnik 1 (or; "Satellite-1", or "PS-1", Простейший Спутник-1 or Prosteyshiy Sputnik-1, "Elementary Satellite 1") was the first artificial Earth satellite.
Teletanks were a series of wireless remotely controlled unmanned tanks produced in the Soviet Union in the 1930s and early 1940s so as to reduce combat risk to soldiers.
The theremin (--> originally known as the ætherphone/etherphone, thereminophone or termenvox/thereminvox) is an electronic musical instrument controlled without physical contact by the thereminist (performer).
The vladimirskiy rozhok (Владимирский Рожок), also called Vladimir horn, is an ancient Russian wooden trumpet, a relative of the cornett, which has remained in continuous use until the present day.
The Winogradsky column is a simple device for culturing a large diversity of microorganisms.
A Yablochkov candle (sometimes electric candle) is a type of electric carbon arc lamp, invented in 1876 by Pavel Yablochkov.
Engineering in Russia, Engineering in Russian Empire, Engineering in Soviet Union, Engineering in USSR, Engineering in the Russian Empire, Engineering in the Soviet Union, Engineering in the USSR, Engineering of Russia, Engineering of the Soviet Union, Engineering of the USSR, History of innovation in Russia, History of innovation in the Russian Empire, History of innovation in the Soviet Union, History of inventions in Russia, History of inventions in the Russian Empire, History of inventions in the Soviet Union, History of technology in Russia, History of technology in the Russian Empire, History of technology in the Soviet Union, History of technology in the Tsardom of Russia, Innovation in Russia, Innovation in Russian Empire, Innovation in Soviet Union, Innovation in USSR, Innovation in the Russian Empire, Innovation in the Soviet Union, Innovation in the Tsardom of Russia, Innovation in the USSR, Innovation of Russia, Innovation of the Soviet Union, Innovation of the USSR, Invention in Russia, Invention in the Soviet Union, Invention in the USSR, List of Russian inventions, List of Soviet inventions, Material culture in Russia, Material culture of Russia, Material culture of the Soviet Union, Russian engineering, Russian innovation, Russian invention, Russian inventions, Russian material culture, Russian technology records, Science and technology in the Russian Empire, Science and technology of Russia, Soviet innovation, Soviet invention, Soviet inventions, Soviet technology records, Technology in Russia, Technology in Russian Empire, Technology in USSR, Technology in the Russian Empire, Technology in the Tsardom of Russia, Technology in the USSR, Timeline of Russian Innovation, Timeline of Russian inventions, Timeline of Russian inventions and technology records, Timeline of Russian inventions, discoveries and technology records, Timeline of Russian technology records, Timeline of Soviet innovation.