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The English suffix -graphy means either "writing" or a "field of study", and is an anglicization of the French -graphie inherited from the Latin -graphia, which is a transliterated direct borrowing from Greek.
Abbas Gharib, (born 16 June 1942) is an Italian-based architect of Iranian origin.
Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed (Cabdullaahi Yuusuf Axmed, عبدالله يوسف أحمد‎; 15 December 1934 – 23 March 2012) was a Somali politician and former Colonel in the Somali National Army.
Abercraf (Abercrave) is a village within the historic boundaries of the county of Brecknockshire, Wales, administered as part of the unitary authority of Powys.
The Aboriginal Tasmanians (Tasmanian: Palawa) are the indigenous people of the Australian state of Tasmania, located south of the mainland.
Above and Below is an installation by American artist Maya Lin, the designer of the Vietnam Veterans Memorial in Washington, D.C. It is on display at and owned by the Indianapolis Museum of Art located in Indianapolis, Indiana, United States.
Abraham Abrahamsson Hülphers (27 November 1734, Västerås – 24 February 1798, Västerås) was a Swedish writer, musicologist, topographer, and genealogist.
Abraham Moses Luncz (December 9, 1854–1918) was a Russian scholar and editor born at Kovno, Russia.
The Abuja bid for the 2014 Commonwealth Games was an unsuccessful bid to host the 2014 Commonwealth Games by the city of Abuja, Nigeria.
Abyssal channels (also, deep-sea channels, underwater channels) are channels in Earth's sea floor.
An abyssal plain is an underwater plain on the deep ocean floor, usually found at depths between and.
The Achanakmar-Amarkantak Biosphere Reserve is a biosphere reserve in India that extends across the states of Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh, covering a total area of 383,551 hectares (3835.51 km2).
An acoustic shadow or sound shadow is an area through which sound waves fail to propagate, due to topographical obstructions or disruption of the waves via phenomena such as wind currents, buildings, or sound barriers.
Acre is a state located in the northern region of Brazil.
Adolphe Jules César Auguste Dureau de la Malle (3 March 1777 – 17 May 1857) was a French geographer, naturalist, historian and artist.
Adranon (present day Adrano) is ancient polis and archaeological site on the southwestern slopes of Mount Etna, near Simeto River, known for the "simetite" variety of amber" northwest of Catania.
The Adrianov compass (Компас Адрианова) is a military compass designed by Russian Imperial Army topographist Vladimir Adrianov in 1907.
The Afghan Geodesy and Cartography Head Office (AGCHO) is the Afghan government's national cartographic agency, and was founded in 1958.
Afognak Island State Park is a Alaska state park on Afognak Island in Kodiak Island Borough, Alaska in the United States.
The African superswell is a region including the Southern and Eastern African plateaus and the Southeastern Atlantic basin where exceptional tectonic uplift has occurred, resulting in terrain much higher than its surroundings.
Agathis australis, commonly known by its Māori name kauri, is a coniferous tree of Araucariaceae in the genus Agathis, found north of 38°S in the northern districts of New Zealand's North Island.
Aghaboe, or Aughavoe, is a civil parish in County Laois.
The Agulhas Current is the western boundary current of the southwest Indian Ocean.
Air pollution is a concern in British Columbia, Canada because of its effects on health and visibility.
Aire Gap is a pass through the Pennines in England formed by geologic faults and carved out by glaciers.
An airshed is a part of the atmosphere that behaves in a coherent way with respect to the dispersion of emissions.
Al Rehan or (الريحان) is a small village located in the southern part of Lebanon, on Al Rehan mountain in the district of Jezzine.
Al Sharish (الشريش) is a village of Basrah Governorate in Iraq between the Shatt al Arab and Hammar marshes.
Alba Mons (formerly known as Alba Patera, a term that has since been restricted to the volcano's summit caldera) is an immense, low-lying volcano located in the northern Tharsis region of the planet Mars.
Albania (Shqipëri/Shqipëria; Shqipni/Shqipnia or Shqypni/Shqypnia), officially the Republic of Albania (Republika e Shqipërisë), is a country in Southeastern Europe.
The Albanian Adriatic Sea Coast (—) is a seashore at the Southeastern Adriatic Sea, that encompasses most of the western border of the Republic of Albania, stretching from the Gulf of Drin in the north, across the port cities of Shëngjin, Durrës, and Vlorë, to the Bay of Vlorë in the south, where the Albanian Riviera and Albanian Ionian Sea Coast begins.
The Albanian cuisine (—) is a representative of the cuisine of the Mediterranean.
Albert Hale Slyvester (May 25, 1871 – September 14, 1944) was a pioneer surveyor, explorer, and forest supervisor in the Cascade Range of the U.S. state of Washington.
Albert I (13 November 1848 – 26 June 1922) was Prince of Monaco and Duke of Valentinois from 10 September 1889 until his death.
Albert Park is an inner suburb of Melbourne, Australia, 3 km south of Melbourne's central business district.
Albert Clanton Spaulding (August 13, 1914 – May 29, 1990) was an American anthropologist and processual archaeologist who encouraged the application of quantitative statistics in archaeological research and the legitimacy of anthropology as a science.
Aleksandrs Laime (also known as Alejandro Laime or Alexander Laime) was a famous Latvian-born explorer.
Alexandra Park is a small (six-acre) public open space set within the densely urbanised area of Parkstone in Poole, on the south coast of England.
Alexandreia or Alexandria (Αλεξάνδρεια ale'ksaŋðria, before 1953: Γιδάς ʝi'ðas- Gidàs) is a city in the Imathia regional unit of Macedonia, Greece.
Alexandria in Arachosia was a city in ancient times that is now called Kandahar in Afghanistan.
Alfred Beesley (1800 – 10 April 1847) was an English topographer and poet.
Alfred Hulse Brooks (July 18, 1871 – November 22, 1924) was an American geologist and served as chief geologist for Alaska for the United States Geological Survey from 1903 to 1924.
The Algiers Metro (مترو الجزائر العاصمة, Métro d'Alger), serving Algiers, the capital of Algeria, is a transport project dating from the 1970s that was designed to address the need for mass transport caused by the city's growth.
The Alipashiad or Alipashias (Αληπασιάδα or Αληπασιάς) is a Greek epic poem, written in the early 19th century by the Muslim Albanian Haxhi Shehreti.
All That Fall is a one-act radio play by Samuel Beckett produced following a request from the BBC.
The Allgäu Alps (Allgäuer Alpen.) are a mountain range in the Northern Limestone Alps, located in Bavaria in Germany and Tyrol and Vorarlberg in Austria.
Allison Glacier is an ice stream on the west side of Heard Island in the southern Indian Ocean.
Allopatric speciation (from the ancient Greek allos, meaning "other", and patris, meaning "fatherland"), also referred to as geographic speciation, vicariant speciation, or its earlier name, the dumbbell model, is a mode of speciation that occurs when biological populations of the same species become isolated from each other to an extent that prevents or interferes with genetic interchange.
Almon Harris Thompson (September 24, 1839 – July 31, 1906), also known as "A.
Alpine tundra is a type of natural region or biome that does not contain trees because it is at high altitude.
Alvéole is a French company based in Paris and founded in 2010 by Quattrocento, a business accelerator company in the life science field, in collaboration with researchers from the French National Center for Scientific Research with expertise in bioengineering and cell imaging.
The Alvord Desert is a desert located in Harney County, in southeastern Oregon in the western United States.
Ambohijanahary Special Reserve is a wildlife reserve in the regions of Menabe and Melaky in Madagascar.
Amirmachmud (Cimahi, West Java, 21 February 1923 – Bandung, West Java, 21 April 1995) was an Indonesian Military General who was an eyewitness to the signing of the Supersemar document transferring power from President Sukarno to General Suharto.
Amphibious reconnaissance is ground and naval reconnaissance in the littoral area bordering coastal or ocean areas.
The Amur leopard (Panthera pardus orientalis) is a leopard subspecies native to the Primorye region of southeastern Russia and the Jilin Province of northeast China.
The Ana River is a short spring-fed river in south-central Oregon.
The visible part of the human nose is the protruding part of the face that bears the nostrils.
Ancient Egyptian literature was written in the Egyptian language from ancient Egypt's pharaonic period until the end of Roman domination.
Ancient Israelite cuisine refers to the food eaten by the ancient Israelites during a period of over a thousand years, from the beginning of the Israelite presence in the Land of Israel at the beginning of the Iron Age until the Roman period.
Anders Sørensen Vedel (9 November 1542 – 13 February 1616) at Kalliope.org was a Danish priest and historian.
Andhra Pradesh is one of the 29 states of India.
Andover Earth Station was one of the first satellite earth stations, located at Andover in the US state of Maine.
Andrejs Auzāns (1871–1953) was a Latvian general and topographer.
Saints Andronicus, Probus (Provos), and Tarachus (Tharacus, Tarachos) were martyrs of the Diocletian persecution (about 304 AD).
The so-called Agrivarian Wall (Angrivarierwall) was mentioned by the Roman historian, Tacitus (Annals II, 19-21), in connexion with the campaign by the Roman general Germanicus in 16 A.D. which included the Battle of the Angrivarian Wall.
Angus William McDonald (February 14, 1799 – December 1, 1864) was a 19th-century American military officer and lawyer in the U.S. state of Virginia.
Angus (Aonghas) is one of the 32 local government council areas of Scotland, a registration county and a lieutenancy area.
The Ankarana Special Reserve tufted-tailed rat (Eliurus carletoni) (synonymous with Eliurus sp. SAJ-2009a) is a species of rodent in the family Nesomyidae.
Ann Scott-Moncrieff (1914–1943), author, was a daughter of Major J. D. M. Shearer.
Anna Campbell Bliss (July 10, 1925 – October 12, 2015) was an American visual artist and architect.
Anna Wåhlin is a Swedish researcher on the Antarctic and the polar seas.
The Antarctic Place-names Commission was established by the Bulgarian Antarctic Institute in 1994, and since 2001 has been a body affiliated to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Bulgaria.
Anthony Brian Watts FRS is a British marine geologist and geophysicist and Professor of Marine Geology and Geophysics in the Department of Earth Sciences, at the University of Oxford.
ANUGA Hydro is a free and open source software tool for hydrodynamic modelling, suitable for predicting the consequences of hydrological disasters such as riverine flooding, storm surges and tsunamis.
The Appalachian Plateau is a series of rugged, high plains located on the western side of the Appalachian Highlands.
ArabiaWeather Inc. (بالعربية طقس العرب) is a private weather company providing weather services, products, and solutions to consumers and businesses in the Arab world.
The Arbor Hill Historic District–Ten Broeck Triangle is located within the Arbor Hill neighborhood of Albany, New York, United States.
The Arbuckle Mountains are an ancient mountain range in south-central Oklahoma in the United States.
Archaeology, or archeology, is the study of humanactivity through the recovery and analysis of material culture.
The region of Southeast Asia is considered a possible place for the evidence of archaic human remains that could be found due to the pathway between Australia and mainland Southeast Asia, where the migration of multiple early humans has occurred out of Africa.
Sir Archibald Geikie (28 December 183510 November 1924), was a Scottish geologist and writer.
The architecture of Albany, New York, embraces a variety of architectural styles ranging from the early 18th century to the present.
The architecture of the Song dynasty (960–1279) was noted for its towering Buddhist pagodas, enormous stone and wooden bridges, lavish tombs, and extravagant palaces.
The Ardey Hills (Ardeygebirge or Ardey) are a range of wooded hills, up to, in the territory of the city of Dortmund and the districts of Ennepe-Ruhr-Kreis and Unna in the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia.
An Area of Natural and Scientific Interest (or ANSI) is an official designation by the provincial Government of Ontario in Canada applied to contiguous geographical regions within the province that have geological or ecological features which are significantly representative provincially, regionally, or locally.
Argentina, officially the Argentine Republic (República Argentina), is a federal republic located mostly in the southern half of South America.
Highway 170 is a designation for two state highways in Washington County, Arkansas.
The Army Map Service of the US Army Corps of Engineers, was the premier map making agency of the US Department of Defense from 1941–68.
Arthur Lincoln Frothingham, Jr. (1859 – July 1923) was an early professor of art history at Princeton University and an archaeologist.
Arthur Oliver Wheeler (May 1, 1860 – May 20, 1945) was born in Ireland and immigrated to Canada in 1876 at the age of 16.
Arthur Powell Davis (February 9, 1861 – August 7, 1933) was an American hydrographer, engineer, geographer, topographer and nephew of John Wesley Powell.
Article X of the Texas Constitution of 1876 covers railroad companies and the creation of the Railroad Commission of Texas.
Artificial bone refers to bone-like material created in a laboratory that can be used in bone grafts, to replace human bone that was lost due to severe fractures, disease, etc.
Ash Shabaziyah, Iraq is a village of Basrah Governorate in southern Iraq located on the west bank of the Shatt Al-Arab River between the Shatt al Arab and Hamma marshes.
Askham Bog is small area of peat bog and Site of Special Scientific Interest situated within the Vale of York in North Yorkshire, England.
Aspen Mountain is a long mountain located approximately south of Rock Springs, Wyoming and south of Arrowhead Springs, in Sweetwater County.
Asunción Province is one of the 20 provinces of the Ancash Region in Peru, one of the smallest provinces of the region.
The city of Atlanta, Georgia, in Fulton County, was an important rail and commercial center during the American Civil War.
In architecture and spatial design, atmosphere refers to the sensorial qualities that a space emits.
The atmosphere of Venus is the layer of gases surrounding Venus.
Atmospheric science is the study of the Earth's atmosphere, its processes, the effects other systems have on the atmosphere, and the effects of the atmosphere on these other systems.
Atmospheric tides are global-scale periodic oscillations of the atmosphere.
Aulacomnium palustre, the bog groove-moss or ribbed bog moss, is a moss that is nearly cosmopolitan in distribution.
Austin Willard Lord FAIA (27 June 1860 – 19 January 1922) was an American architect and painter.
Australian Aboriginal religion and mythology (also known as Dreamtime or Dreaming stories, songlines, or Aboriginal oral literature) are the stories traditionally performed by Aboriginal peoples within each of the language groups across Australia.
The Australian wine industry is the world's fourth largest exporter of wine with approximately 750 million litres a year to the international export market with only about 40% of production consumed domestically.
Avalanche control or avalanche defense activities reduce the hazard avalanches pose to human life, activity, and property.
Awdal (Awdal) is an administrative region in Somaliland.
Axel Christian Smith (8 May 1744 – 20 June 1823) was a Norwegian priest and topographer.
Ancash (Anqash) (Áncash) is a region of northern Peru.
Cukurpinar is a village in the Balkans part of Turkey covered with extensive forests and a population of 407 in 2007AD.
École Spéciale des Travaux Publics, du bâtiment et de l'industrie (ESTP Paris), is a French engineering and research graduate school (Grande Ecole) in Paris.
Étienne Dupérac (or du Pérac) (–March 1604) was a French architect, painter, engraver, and garden designer.
The Île Saint-Louis is one of two natural islands in the Seine river, in Paris, France (the other natural island is Île de la Cité; the Île aux Cygnes is artificial).
Östersund (Staare) is an urban area (city) in Jämtland in the middle of Sweden.
The B&B Complex fires were a linked pair of wildfires that together burned of Oregon forest during the summer of 2003.
In the Dungeons & Dragons fantasy role-playing game, Baator, also known as the Nine Hells of Baator or the Nine Hells, is a lawful evil–aligned plane of existence.
The Bagley Icefield (also called Bagley Ice Valley) in southeastern Alaska is the largest nonpolar icefield in North America.
Balberta is a major Mesoamerican archaeological site on the Pacific coastal plain of southern Guatemala, belonging to the Maya civilization.
Balikpapan is a seaport city on the east coast of the island of Borneo, in the Indonesian province of East Kalimantan.
Ban Yang is a village in Luang Prabang district, Luang Prabang province, Laos.
is a steel roller coaster located at Yomiuriland in the city of Inagi, near Tokyo, Japan.
Bangalore is situated in the southeast of the South Indian state of Karnataka.
Banksia epica is a shrub that grows on the south coast of Western Australia.
Barbara Suzanne Pauli (1752 or 1753 - fl. 1781) was a Swedish fashion trader.
Barkey is a surname.
Barnes interpolation, named after Stanley L. Barnes, is the interpolation of unstructured data points from a set of measurements of an unknown function in two dimensions into an analytic function of two variables.
Barranco is one of 43 districts in Lima, Peru.
Barren Island is an island located in the Andaman Sea, dominated by Barren Volcano, the only confirmed active volcano in South Asia, and the only active volcano along a chain of volcanoes from Sumatra to Myanmar.
Barrera is a Spanish, Portuguese, Italian and surname, meaning "barrier".
Barrow, also known by its native name Utqiagvik, is the largest city and the borough seat of the North Slope Borough in the U.S. state of Alaska and is located north of the Arctic Circle.
Barsa-Kelmes (Барса келмес.; from Kazakh: "the place of no return") is a former island, the largest in the Aral Sea.
Barton Seagrave is a village and civil parish in the Kettering borough of Northamptonshire, England.
Matienzo Base (Base Aérea Teniente Benjamín Matienzo, or more often Base Matienzo or Estación Matienzo) is an Argentine Antarctic base and scientific research station named after Lieutenant Benjamín Matienzo, an Argentine aviation pioneer.
Bathymetry is the study of underwater depth of lake or ocean floors.
The Battle of Aljubarrota was a battle fought between the Kingdom of Portugal and the Crown of Castile on 14 August 1385.
The Battle of Ceresole (or Cérisoles) took place on 11 April 1544, during the Italian War of 1542–46, outside the village of Ceresole d'Alba in the Piedmont region of Italy.
The Battle of Culloden (Blàr Chùil Lodair) was the final confrontation of the Jacobite rising of 1745.
The Battle of Guandu was fought between the warlords Cao Cao and Yuan Shao in 200 AD in the late Eastern Han dynasty.
The Battle of Kumanovo (Кумановска битка/Kumanovska bitka, Kumanova Muharebesi) on 23–24 October 1912 was a major battle of the First Balkan War.
The Battle of Vimy Ridge was part of the Battle of Arras, in the Nord-Pas-de-Calais region of France, during the First World War.
Baudissin Glacier is a tidewater glacier on the north side of Heard Island.
Bayreuth (Bavarian: Bareid) is a medium-sized town in northern Bavaria, Germany, on the Red Main river in a valley between the Franconian Jura and the Fichtelgebirge Mountains.
The Beaver Creek Fire was a forest fire that began on August 7, 2013 after a lightning strike in an area twelve miles northeast of Fairfield, Idaho and northwest of Hailey, Idaho in Sawtooth National Forest.
Beaver Henry Blacker (31 May 1821 – 11 November 1890) was an Irish Anglican priest and historian.
Beit She'an (בֵּית שְׁאָן; بيسان,, Beisan or Bisan), is a city in the Northern District of Israel which has played an important role in history due to its geographical location at the junction of the Jordan River Valley and the Jezreel Valley.
Belgrano III Base (Base Belgrano III) was a permanent, all year-round Argentine Antarctic base and scientific research station named after General Manuel Belgrano, one of the Libertadores and the creator of the Argentine Flag.
Belknap Hill (also called Lookout Hill), is a prominent river bluff directly northeast of downtown Grand Rapids, Michigan.
Bellacorick or Bellacoric is a townland in County Mayo, Ireland.
Benjamin Jonson (c. 11 June 1572 – 6 August 1637) was an English playwright, poet, actor, and literary critic, whose artistry exerted a lasting impact upon English poetry and stage comedy.
Ben Nevis (Beinn Nibheis), in Scotland, is the highest mountain in the British Isles.
The Bend Arch–Fort Worth Basin Province is a major petroleum producing geological system which is primarily located in North Central Texas and southwestern Oklahoma.
Benjamin Bartlett (1714–1787), was an English numismatical and topographical writer.
Benjamin Z. Kedar (born 2 September 1938)Who's Who in Israel 2001 (Tel Aviv, 2002), p. 214: "KEDAR, Benjamin Z. is professor emeritus of History at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.
Benken is a municipality in the Wahlkreis (constituency) of See-Gaster in the canton of St. Gallen in Switzerland.
Berlin is the capital and the largest city of Germany, as well as one of its 16 constituent states.
The Bibliothèque de l'Arsenal (Library of the Arsenal, founded 1757) in Paris has been part of the Bibliothèque nationale de France since 1934.
Bicycle safety is the use of road traffic safety practices to reduce risk associated with cycling.
The Big Bend region of Florida, United States, is an informal region of the state.
For the Texas state park see: Big Bend Ranch State Park Big Bend National Park is an American national park located in West Texas, bordering Mexico.
Big Sur is a rugged section of California's Central Coast between Carmel Highlands and San Simeon, where the Santa Lucia Mountains rise abruptly from the Pacific Ocean, that is frequently praised for its dramatic views.
Bigo, also Bigo bya Mugenyi, is an extensive alignment of ditches and berms comprising ancient earthworks located in the interlacustrine region of southwestern Uganda.
Albania is home to a profound variety and abundance of rare and endemic species.
The biodiversity of New Caledonia is of exceptional biological and paleoecological interest.
Biological soil crusts are communities of living organisms on the soil surface in arid and semi-arid ecosystems.
Björn Gunnlaugsson (25 September 1788 – 17 March 1876)Benedikz, p. 568ff.
Black Creek is a long source tributary of Nescopeck Creek so part of the Susquehanna River drainage basin.
Black Fell is a fell in the English Lake District.
The Black Hills (Ȟe Sápa; Moʼȯhta-voʼhonáaeva; awaxaawi shiibisha) are a small and isolated mountain range rising from the Great Plains of North America in western South Dakota and extending into Wyoming, United States.
The Black Sea is a body of water and marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean between Eastern Europe, the Caucasus, and Western Asia.
Blackwood Valley is a wine region in the south-west of Western Australia, approximately 260 km (160 mi) south-south-east of Perth.
Bladen Nature Reserve is a landscape of caves, sinkholes, pristine streams and rivers, undisturbed old growth rainforest and an abundance of highly diverse flora and fauna which includes a great deal of rare and endemic species.
Blaenllechau is a small village located in the Rhondda Fach valley, Rhondda Cynon Taf.
Bluestone River is a waterway located on the Seward Peninsula in the U.S. state of Alaska.
The Bobby Hopper Tunnel is a highway tunnel on Interstate 49 (I-49) in Arkansas, just north of the Crawford–Washington county line.
Boden Fortress (Bodens fästning) is a modern fortress consisting of several major and minor forts and fortifications surrounding the city of Boden, Norrbotten, in northern Sweden.
The boondocks is an American expression that stems from the Tagalog word bundók ("mountain").
The Taiga Biome extends in a broad band across North America, Europe, and Asia.
Boston Hollow is a deep ravine in Ashford, Connecticut.
Boudica (Latinised as Boadicea or Boudicea, and known in Welsh as Buddug) was a queen of the British Celtic Iceni tribe who led an uprising against the occupying forces of the Roman Empire in AD 60 or 61, and died shortly after its failure, having supposedly poisoned herself.
Bouteloua gracilis (blue grama) is a long-lived, warm-season (C4) perennial grass, native to North America.
Bowers Mountains is a group of north-south trending mountains in Antarctica, about 145 km (90 mi) long and 56 km (35 mi) wide, bounded by the coast on the north and by the Rennick, Canham, Black and Lillie glaciers in other quadrants.
Bras d'Or Lake is an inland sea, or large body of partially fresh/salt water in the centre of Cape Breton Island in the province of Nova Scotia, Canada.
The brassy ringlets are a species group of ringlet butterflies in the genus Erebia.
Brent Spar, or Brent E, was a North Sea oil storage and tanker loading buoy in the Brent oilfield, operated by Shell UK.
Brentwood is a neighborhood in the Westside of Los Angeles, California.
Bright Parish, (Yanda County) in Cobar Shire is a civil parish of Yanda County a Cadastral division of New South Wales.
Brimble Pit and Cross Swallet Basins is a 154.3 hectare (381.3 acre) geological Site of Special Scientific Interest between Wookey Hole and Priddy in the Mendip Hills, Somerset, notified in 1987.
Bristol Diamonds are quartz crystals found in geodes and geological rock formations which occur in dolomitic conglomerate in the Avon Gorge in Bristol, England.
Broadcast to Allied Merchant Ships (BAMS) was a protocol and system of broadcasts for Allied Merchant ship convoys that was used during World War II to provide for the transmission of official messages to merchantmen in any part of the world.
Broadview is a community in Saskatchewan along the #1 highway, the Trans Canada Highway, east of Regina.
Broca's area or the Broca area or is a region in the frontal lobe of the dominant hemisphere, usually the left, of the hominid brain with functions linked to speech production.
Brodmann area 12 is a subdivision of the cerebral cortex of the guenon defined on the basis of cytoarchitecture.
Brown Glacier is a glacier just south of Round Hill on the east side of Heard Island in the southern Indian Ocean.
Bruce Charles Heezen (April 11, 1924 – June 21, 1977) was an American geologist.
Brunskill is a surname of English origin.
Bryngarw Country Park is made up of and is situated on the west bank of the Afon Garw, at the mouth of the Garw Valley in the Bridgend County Borough, Wales.
Buffalo Bayou is a slow-moving river which flows through Houston in Harris County, Texas.
Bulgaria (България, tr.), officially the Republic of Bulgaria (Република България, tr.), is a country in southeastern Europe.
Burn O'Vat is an example of a pothole, located close to Loch Kinord, near the village of Dinnet in Aberdeenshire, Scotland.
The Burntside State Forest is a state forest located near the town of Ely in Lake and Saint Louis counties, Minnesota.
Burqush or Burkush (برقش) is an archaeological site situated west of Damascus, Syria.
Burroway is a bounded rural locality to the north of Narromine township and east of Buddah in New South Wales, Australia.
Bury Walls is an Iron Age hillfort about south-east of Weston-under-Redcastle, in Shropshire, England.
Bushfires are frequent events during the warmer months of the year, due to Australia's mostly hot, dry climate.
Buthus is a genus of scorpion belonging and being eponymous to the family Buthidae.
The Butte Fire was a rapidly moving wildfire during the 2015 California wildfire season that started on September 9 in Amador County, California.
Bye, New South Wales is a Bounded locality of Bourke Shire and a civil Parish of Cowper County, New South Wales.
Bywater is an uncommon English surname of Anglo-Saxon origin and can most frequently be found in the English region of Yorkshire.
cadwork is a computer aided design software, created in 1980 by the CSEM, and followed in 1982 by the École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL), before it came a Swiss society in 1988 (Cadwork informatik).
The Calapooya Mountains are a mountain range in Lane and Douglas counties of southwestern Oregon in the United States.
The California Trail was an emigrant trail of about across the western half of the North American continent from Missouri River towns to what is now the state of California.
Campbell Island / Motu Ihupuku is an uninhabited subantarctic island of New Zealand, and the main island of the Campbell Island group.
The Canadian Shield, also called the Laurentian Plateau, or Bouclier canadien (French), is a large area of exposed Precambrian igneous and high-grade metamorphic rocks (geological shield) that forms the ancient geological core of the North American continent (the North American Craton or Laurentia).
Cape Lyon is located in the Northwest Territories, Canada within Darnley Bay, from Clapperton Island.
Cape Waite is a cape at the northwest extremity of King Peninsula, marking the southwest side of the entrance to Peacock Sound.
The Car Dyke was, and to a large extent still is, a -long ditch which runs along the western edge of the Fens in eastern England.
A carbonate platform is a sedimentary body which possesses topographic relief, and is composed of autochthonous calcareous deposits (Wilson, 1975).
The Caribbean Sea (Mar Caribe; Mer des Caraïbes; Caraïbische Zee) is a sea of the Atlantic Ocean in the tropics of the Western Hemisphere.
Carl Anton Ludwig Maria Schwaner (16 February 1817 in Mannheim – 30 March 1851 in Batavia) was a German geologist and naturalist.
Carlos Pellegrini is a town in the center-west of Santa Fe Province, Argentina.
Carlstad was a short lived fortified town in Denmark built by the forces of King Charles X Gustav of Sweden during his siege of the Danish capital, Copenhagen, 1658 - 1660.
Carroll County is a United States county located in the southwestern part of the Commonwealth of Virginia.
The Carta Pisana is a map made at the end of the 13th century, about 1275-1300.
Cartagena Province Provincia de Cartagena, also called Gobierno de Cartagena (Government of Cartagena) during the Spanish imperial era, was an administrative and territorial division of New Granada in the Viceroyalty of Peru.
Cartography (from Greek χάρτης chartēs, "papyrus, sheet of paper, map"; and γράφειν graphein, "write") is the study and practice of making maps.
The Cascade Volcanoes (also known as the Cascade Volcanic Arc or the Cascade Arc) are a number of volcanoes in a volcanic arc in western North America, extending from southwestern British Columbia through Washington and Oregon to Northern California, a distance of well over.
Casualties of the 2010 Haiti earthquake include both civilian and government officials, locals and foreigners – however the overwhelming majority of those killed and wounded in the quake were Haitian civilians.
Caswell Silver (June 25, 1916 – October 18, 1988) was a geologist and an entrepreneur who was President of Sundance Oil Company from 1960 to 1984.
Catawissa Creek (colloquially known as The Cat) is a U.S. Geological Survey.
Cater Rand (9 December 1749 in Lewes, Sussex, England – 21 December 1825), his father, Charles Rand ? - 1763 had been born in Colchester, Essex, but relocated as a boy to Sussex in 1714.
The Catskill Escarpment, often referred to locally as just the Escarpment or the Great Wall of Manitou, and known as the Catskill Front to geologists, is the range forming the northeastern corner of the Catskill Mountains in Greene and Ulster counties in the U.S. state of New York.
CATUAV S.L. is a technology-based private company that offers aerial services using unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV).
The causes of landslides are usually related to instabilities in slopes.
A cave survey is a map of all or part of a cave system, which may be produced to meet differing standards of accuracy depending on the cave conditions and equipment available underground.
César-François Cassini de Thury (17 June 1714 – 4 September 1784), also called Cassini III or Cassini de Thury, was a French astronomer and cartographer.
Cedar Creek Canyon, also called simply Cedar Canyon, is a topographical feature located in Allen County, Indiana.
According to classical sources, the ancient Celts were animists.
Central Chile (Zona central) is one of the three natural regions into which CORFO divided continental Chile in 1950.
Ceraunius Fossae is an area of intensely fractured terrain in the northern Tharsis region of Mars.
Cerviño is a surname originally from the province of Pontevedra, in the autonomous community of Galicia in northwestern Spain.
Challenger Glacier is a tidewater glacier on the north side of Heard Island in the southern Indian Ocean.
Charles "Chuck" Harrison (born September 23, 1931 in Shreveport, Louisiana) is an American industrial designer who was a long time resident in Chicago until 2015.
Colonel Sir Charles Frederick Arden-Close, (10 August 1865 – 19 December 1952) was a British geographer and surveyor.
Charles Frederick Hoffmann (1838–1913) was a German-American topographer working in California U.S. from 1860 to 1880.
Charles Norris (24 August 1779 – 16 October 1858) was an English topographical etcher and writer who is best known for his landscape work of the Welsh countryside, especially the area around Tenby.
Charles Stewart Drew (April 2, 1825 – 1886), also known as C.S. Drew, was a representative in the legislature of the Oregon Territory of the United States and quartermaster general of the territorial militia in the 1850s.
Charles Smith (1715–1762) was an Irish topographer and writer.
Chemical mechanical polishing/planarization is a process of smoothing surfaces with the combination of chemical and mechanical forces.
Chertsey is a town in the Runnymede borough of Surrey, England on the right bank of the River Thames where it is met by a corollary, the Abbey River and a tributary, the River Bourne or Chertsey Bourne.
The Chesapeake Bay impact crater was formed by a bolide that impacted the eastern shore of North America about 35.5 ± 0.3 million years ago, in the late Eocene epoch.
Chestnut Hill is an affluent New England village located six miles (10 km) west of downtown Boston, Massachusetts, United States.
Chibcha is an extinct language of Colombia, spoken by the Muisca, one of the four advanced indigenous civilizations of the Americas.
Chichica is located in the Comarca (indigenous reservation) Ngäbe-Buglé in the Republic of Panama.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
The history of Chinese literature extends thousands of years, from the earliest recorded dynastic court archives to the mature vernacular fiction novels that arose during the Ming Dynasty to entertain the masses of literate Chinese.
Chocó Department (Departamento del Chocó) is a department of Colombia known for its large Afro-Colombian population.
Choe Bu (1454–1504) was a Korean official during the early Joseon Dynasty (1392–1910).
Chongqing, formerly romanized as Chungking, is a major city in southwest China.
Chongqing University (also abbreviated as CQU) is a key national university located in Chongqing, China, and a member of the "Excellence League".
Chorography (from χῶρος khōros, "place" and γράφειν graphein, "to write") is the art of describing or mapping a region or district, and by extension such a description or map.
Christian Kølle (15 August 1736 – 30 January 1814) was a Norwegian educator.
Christian Sommerfeldt (6 January 1746 – 30 May 1811) was a Norwegian geographer and civil servant.
Christopher Wordsworth (30 October 180720 March 1885) was an English bishop in the Anglican Church and man of letters.
Chronica Jutensis (Danish: Jyske Krønike English: Jutland Chronicle) also known as Continuatio compendii Saxonis or Chronica Danorum, is a small Danish historical work from the middle of the 14th century, written in Latin.
Chrysopogon zizanioides, commonly known as vetiver (derived from the Tamil: வெட்டிவேர் veṭṭivēr) is a perennial bunchgrass of the Poaceae family, native to India.
Clan Wood is a Lowland Scottish clan from North Esk, Largo Bay and Angus in Scotland.
Isla Clarión, formerly called Santa Rosa, is the second largest, westernmost and most remote of the Revillagigedo Islands (part of Mexico, specifically the state of Colima), located west of Socorro Island and over from the Mexican mainland.
The classical albedo features of Mars are the light and dark features that can be seen on the planet Mars through an Earth-based telescope.
Claude Chastillon or Chatillon (1559 or 1560 – 27 April 1616) was a French architect, military and civil engineer, and topographical draughtsman, who served under Henry IV of France.
Claus Killing-Günkel (born Günkel; 9 October 1963), in Esperanto also known as Nikolao Günkel, is a German teacher and interlinguist.
Clemens or Klemens Wenzel Freiherr von Raglovich von und zum Rosenhof (June 29, 1766 – June 3, 1836) was a Bavarian General der Infanterie.
Clent is a village and civil parish in the Bromsgrove District of Worcestershire, England, southwest of Birmingham and close to the edge of the West Midlands conurbation.
Cleve is a small agriculturally based town on Central Eyre Peninsula in South Australia.
Cleveland Salter Rockwell (November 24, 1837 – March 22, 1907) was an American topographical engineer, cartographer, military officer, investor, and landscape painter.
Global warming is dangerous in Tuvalu since the average height of the islands is less than above sea level, with the highest point of Niulakita being about above sea level.
Climate change in the US state of Washington is a subject of study and projection today.
The climate of Argentina is a complex subject: the vast size of the country and considerable variation in altitude make for a wide range of climate types.
The climate of Iceland is subarctic (Köppen climate classification: Cfc) near the southern coastal area and tundra inland in the highlands.
Kosovo is a relatively small territory.
The climate of south-west England is classed as oceanic (Cfb) according to the Köppen climate classification.
Due to its vast size and range of altitudes, Argentina possesses a wide variety of climatic regions, ranging from the hot subtropical region in the north to the cold subantarctic in the far south.
Climatology (from Greek κλίμα, klima, "place, zone"; and -λογία, -logia) or climate science is the scientific study of climate, scientifically defined as weather conditions averaged over a period of time.
Clintonville is a neighborhood in north-central Columbus, Ohio, United States with around 30,000 residents.
Coalinga is a city in Fresno County and the western San Joaquin Valley, in central California.
Coastal flooding occurs when normally dry, low-lying land is flooded by seawater.
Coastal management is defence against flooding and erosion, and techniques that stop erosion to claim lands.
Coastal morphodynamics (i.e. the dynamics of beach morphology) refers to the study of the interaction and adjustment of the seafloor topography and fluid hydrodynamic processes, seafloor morphologies and sequences of change dynamics involving the motion of sediment.
Coatbridge (Cotbrig or Coatbrig, Drochaid a' Chòta) is a town in North Lanarkshire, Scotland, about east of Glasgow city centre, set in the central Lowlands.
Cobbler Creek Recreation Park is a protected area located in South Australia about north of the Adelaide city centre in the suburb of Salisbury East.
The Coleman Station Historic District is located around the former New York Central Railroad Coleman's station in the Town of North East, New York, United States, a short distance south of the village of Millerton.
The Collect Pond, or Fresh Water Pond,, p. 250.
Freiherr Wilhelm Leopold Colmar von der Goltz (12 August 1843 – 19 April 1916), also known as Goltz Pasha, was a Prussian Field Marshal and military writer.
Colorado is a state of the United States encompassing most of the southern Rocky Mountains as well as the northeastern portion of the Colorado Plateau and the western edge of the Great Plains.
Columbus Delano, (June 4, 1809 – October 23, 1896) was a lawyer, rancher, banker, statesman and a member of the prominent Delano family.
Columbus is the state capital and the most populous city in Ohio.
The Commissioners' Plan of 1811 was the original design for the streets of Manhattan above Houston Street and below 155th Street, which put in place the rectangular grid plan of streets and lots that has defined Manhattan to this day.
Compton Glacier is a glacier, long, flowing northeast from the lower slopes of the Big Ben massif to the northeast side of Heard Island in the southern Indian Ocean.
Computer-generated imagery (CGI) is the application of computer graphics to create or contribute to images in art, printed media, video games, films, television programs, shorts, commercials, videos, and simulators.
The California Campaign (1846–1847), colloquially the Conquest of California or Conquest of Alta California by the United States, was an early military campaign of the Mexican–American War that took place in the western part of Mexico's Alta California Department, in the present-day state of California.
Conrad Faber von Kreuznach (c. 1500 in Kreuznach, Germany – between 10 September 1552 and 15 May 1553 in Frankfurt am Main) was a German painter and woodcuts designer formerly known as Master of Holzhausen-portraits.
In computational geometry, a constrained Delaunay triangulation is a generalization of the Delaunay triangulation that forces certain required segments into the triangulation.
A continental arc is a type of volcanic arc occurring as an "arc-shape" topographic high region along a continental margin.
A contour line (also isocline, isopleth, isarithm, or equipotential curve) of a function of two variables is a curve along which the function has a constant value, so that the curve joins points of equal value.
Contour plowing or contour farming or Contour ploughing is the farming practice of plowing and or planting across a slope following its elevation contour lines.
The Conyca Geodrome is a 1.5m fixed-wing drone that specializes in topography and photogrametric applications.
The Copenhagen Wheel is a rear bicycle wheel released in 2017 that contains a built-in electric motor, battery, computer, and sensor array inside the red hub.
Cordelia Creigh Wilson (28 November 1873, Georgetown, Colorado – 7 June 1953, Seattle, Washington) was a painter noted for her landscapes of New Mexico and the American Southwest.
Cordell Bank National Marine Sanctuary is a marine sanctuary located off the coast of California.
Cornelius Clarkson Vermeule (September 5, 1858 – February 1, 1950), was a civil engineer and topographer in New Jersey and New York.
Hurling or Hurling the Silver Ball (Hurlian), is an outdoor team game played only in Cornwall, United Kingdom.
Corona is an unincorporated community in Tipton County, Tennessee, United States.
The Corps of Topographs of the Imperial Russian Army has a long history dating back to the mid-18th century.
The chachalacas, guans and curassows are birds in the family Cracidae.
Cramond (Cathair Amain) is a village and suburb in the north-west of Edinburgh, Scotland, at the mouth of the River Almond where it enters the Firth of Forth.
Cranleigh is a large village and civil parish, self-proclaimed the largest in England, almost southeast of Guildford in Surrey.
Crater Lake National Park is an American national park located in southern Oregon.
Críchad an Chaoilli is a medieval Irish text.
Cross is an English topographic surname for someone who lived on a road near a stone cross.
The term Cross Timbers, also known as Ecoregion 29, Central Oklahoma/Texas Plains, is used to describe a strip of land in the United States that runs from southeastern Kansas across Central Oklahoma to Central Texas.
Crowley's Ridge (also Crowleys Ridge) is an unusual geological formation that rises 250 to above the alluvial plain of the Mississippi embayment in a line from southeastern Missouri to the Mississippi River near Helena, Arkansas.
Isla Culebra (Snake Island) is an island-municipality of Puerto Rico and geographically part of the Virgin Islands.
The Cumberland Plateau is the southern part of the Appalachian Plateau in the Appalachian Mountains of the United States.
Curitiba (Tupi: "Pine Nut Land") is the capital and largest city of the Brazilian state of Paraná.
The popularity of cycling in Malta as a sport, a means of commuting, and as a way of exploring the island of Malta is on the increase.
Cycling in Melbourne, the capital city of Victoria, Australia is enhanced by the city's relatively flat topography and generally mild climate.
Cycling in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia takes place for recreation, commuting and as a sport.
Cyclone Favio was the first known tropical cyclone that passed south of Madagascar to strike Africa as an intense tropical cyclone.
The Cyprinidae are the family of freshwater fishes, collectively called cyprinids, that includes the carps, the true minnows, and their relatives (for example, the barbs and barbels).
"Daig" is an expression common in Basel and the Deutschschweiz and refers to a milieu consisting of wealthy families from the Swiss city of Basel.
Dakshina Kannada is a district in the state of Karnataka in India.
Dalibor Vesely (19 June 1934 – 31 March 2015) was a Czech-born architectural historian and theorist who was influential through his teaching and writing in promoting the role of hermeneutics and phenomenology as part of the discourse of architecture and of architectural design.
A dam is a barrier that stops or restricts the flow of water or underground streams.
Damdamaa reservoir in Sohna, district in the Indian state of Haryana.
Daniel-Charles Trudaine (3 January 1703 – 19 January 1769) was a French administrator and civil engineer.
Dar al-Manasir (دار المناصير) is the region of the Fourth Cataract, the most impassable of all rapids of the Nile.
Dark slope streaks are narrow, avalanche-like features common on dust-covered slopes in the equatorial regions of Mars.
Dashtak (دشتك) is a village in Dorudzan Rural District, Dorudzan District, Marvdasht County, Fars Province, Iran.
DAT/EM Systems International is an Alaska-based company that develops digital photogrammetric mapping applications to extract and edit 3D vector terrain and object features from stereo imagery and point clouds.
David Burr (1803–1875) was an American cartographer, surveyor and topographer.
David Hunter Strother (September 26, 1816 – March 8, 1888) was an American journalist, artist, soldier, innkeeper, politician and diplomat.
David Thomas Abercrombie (June 6, 1867 – August 29, 1931) was the founder of the American lifestyle brand Abercrombie & Fitch.
Davis, formerly known as Davisville, is a city in the U.S. state of California and the most populous city in Yolo County.
Deacock Glacier is a glacier close west of Lavett Bluff on the south side of Heard Island in the southern Indian Ocean.
Decentralized wastewater systems (also referred to as decentralized wastewater treatment systems) convey, treat and dispose or reuse municipal and industrial wastewater from small communities, buildings and dwellings in remote areas, individual public or private properties.
Deckham is a residential suburb in the Metropolitan Borough of Gateshead in Tyne and Wear, England.
A defensive wall is a fortification usually used to protect a city, town or other settlement from potential aggressors.
The island of Delos (Δήλος; Attic: Δῆλος, Doric: Δᾶλος), near Mykonos, near the centre of the Cyclades archipelago, is one of the most important mythological, historical, and archaeological sites in Greece.
Dendrosenecio keniensis (syn. Senecio keniensis and S. brassica) is one of the giant groundsels endemic the higher altitudes of Mount Kenya.
Denshaw is a village in Saddleworth—a civil parish of the Metropolitan Borough of Oldham, in Greater Manchester, England.
In geology, denudation involves the processes that cause the wearing away of the Earth's surface by moving water, by ice, by wind and by waves, leading to a reduction in elevation and in relief of landforms and of landscapes.
Dermatophytes (derived from Greek "δέρματος" (dermatos), from "δέρμα", which means "skin" and -"phyte", from "phutón", meaning "plant") are a common label for a group of three types of fungus that commonly causes skin disease in animals and humans.
Derry is a fictional town and a part of Stephen King's fictional Maine topography.
Deufringen is a village in the German district of Böblingen in the state of Baden-Württemberg.
Diamond Heights is a neighborhood in central San Francisco, California, roughly bordered by Diamond Heights Boulevard and Noe Valley to the north and east and Glen Canyon Park to the south and west.
Diamondhead is a city in southeastern Hancock County, Mississippi, United States.
Dibër County (Qarku i Dibrës) is one of the 12 counties of the Republic of Albania, spanning a surface area of with the capital in Peshkopi.
Dick Roughsey (ca. 1920 – 1985) was an Australian Aboriginal artist from the Lardil language group on Mornington Island in the south-eastern Gulf of Carpentaria, Queensland.
Diego de Alvear y Ponce de León (1749–1830) was a Spanish military commander and politician.
The Digges Islands (Inuit: Saaqqayaaq-Qikirtasiit) are members of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago in the territory of Nunavut.
Digital holographic microscopy (DHM) is digital holography applied to microscopy.
Dindsenchas or Dindshenchas (modern spellings: Dinnseanchas or Dinnsheanchas or Dinnṡeanċas), meaning "lore of places" (the modern Irish word dinnseanchas means "topography"), is a class of onomastic text in early Irish literature, recounting the origins of place-names and traditions concerning events and characters associated with the places in question.
The Diolkos (Δίολκος, from the Greek διά, dia "across" and ὁλκός, holkos "portage machine") was a paved trackway near Corinth in Ancient Greece which enabled boats to be moved overland across the Isthmus of Corinth.
The Universidad Distrital Francisco José de Caldas (Universidad Distrital Francisco José de Caldas) is a public, coeducational, research university based Bogotá, Colombia.
Dive planning is the process of planning an underwater diving operation.
A dive profile is a description of a diver's pressure exposure over time.
Dixie Alley is a nickname sometimes given to areas of the southern United States that are particularly vulnerable to strong or violent tornadoes.
A dog park is a park for dogs to exercise and play off-leash in a controlled environment under the supervision of their owners.
Dolebury Warren (also known as Dolebury Camp) is a biological Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI) and ancient monument near the villages of Churchill and Rowberrow in North Somerset, part of South West England.
Don Valley Village is a neighbourhood in the city of Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Dootheboy, (Yanda County) in Cobar Shire is a civil parish of Yanda County a Cadastral division of New South Wales.
Downes Glacier is a broad tidewater glacier on the north side of Heard Island in the southern Indian Ocean.
Downscaling is any procedure to infer high-resolution information from low-resolution variables.
The Downtown Ossining Historic District is located at the central crossroads of Ossining, New York, United States, and the village's traditional business district known as the Crescent.
Draža Vas (Draža vas) is a settlement in the Municipality of Slovenske Konjice in eastern Slovenia.
A drainage basin is any area of land where precipitation collects and drains off into a common outlet, such as into a river, bay, or other body of water.
A drainage divide, water divide, divide, ridgeline, watershed, or water parting is the line that separates neighbouring drainage basins.
In geomorphology, drainage systems, also known as river systems, are the patterns formed by the streams, rivers, and lakes in a particular drainage basin.
Drilling and blasting is the controlled use of explosives and other methods such as gas pressure blasting pyrotechnics, to break rock for excavation.
The '"Dronagiri"' is a node of Navi Mumbai in Raigad district.It is located at Southern tip of Navi-Mumbai metropolis and spread over 1,250 hectres of land.
A drought refuge is a site that provides permanent fresh water or moist conditions for plants and animals, acting as a refuge habitat when surrounding areas are affected by drought and allowing ecosystems and core species populations to survive until the drought breaks.
The Drought Research Initiative(DRI) was established to better understand the physical characteristics of and processes influencing Canadian Prairie droughts, and to contribute to their better prediction, through a focus on the recent severe drought that began in 1999 and largely ended in 2005.
The Drummond Nature Reserve is an A class nature reserve 10 kilometres west of Bolgart, Western Australia.
The Dublin Penny Journal was a weekly newspaper, and later series of published volumes, originating from Dublin, Ireland, between 1832 and 1836.
Duck and Cover is a civil defense social guidance film that is often popularly mischaracterizedhttps://www.theatlantic.com/national/archive/2011/01/the-unexpected-return-of-duck-and-cover/68776/ The Unexpected Return of 'Duck and Cover' as propaganda.
Dumas is a Southern French topographic surname, with fused preposition and definite article du, for someone who lived in an isolated dwelling in the country rather than in a village, from Occitan mas 'farmstead' (Late Latin mansum, mansus).
The Durand Line (د ډیورنډ کرښه) is the international border between Pakistan and Afghanistan.
Dushi Fangyu Jiyao is an important Chinese book written by Qing dynasty geographer (1631–1692 or 1624–1680), between 1630 and 1660.
Duwa (دوا) also known as Ad Dawār is a village of Basrah Governorate in southern Iraq.
National Park “Dvorichansky” was created according to the Decree of the President of Ukraine №1044/2009 “On the establishment of the national park “Dvorichansky” 11 December 2009.
Dye 3 is an ice core site and previously part of the Distant Early Warning (DEW) line, located at (2480 masl) in Greenland.
The term dynamic topography is used in geodynamics to refer to elevation differences caused by the flow within the Earth's mantle.
Emil Otto Hoppé (14 April 1878 – 9 December 1972) was a German-born British portrait, travel, and topographic photographer active between 1907 and 1945.
Ealey Glacier is a glacier, flowing northeast from the lower slopes of the Big Ben massif to the northeast side of Heard Island in the southern Indian Ocean.
Earth is the third planet from the Sun and the only astronomical object known to harbor life.
An Earth analog (also referred to as an Earth twin or Earth-like planet, though this latter term may refer to any terrestrial planet) is a planet or moon with environmental conditions similar to those found on Earth.
Earth radius is the approximate distance from Earth's center to its surface, about.
Earth rainfall climatology Is the study of rainfall, a sub-field of Meteorology.
Earthdawn is a fantasy role-playing game, originally produced by FASA in 1993.
Earthquake rotational loading indicates the excitation of structures due to the torsional and rocking components of seismic actions.
East Lyme is a town in New London County, Connecticut, United States.
East Texas is a distinct cultural, geographic and ecological area in the U.S. state of Texas.
The Eastern Air Command is one of the five operational commands of the Indian Air Force.
The Eastern Cascades Slopes and Foothills ecoregion is a Level III ecoregion designated by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in the U.S. states of Oregon, Washington, and California.
Ebenezer Rhodes (1762–1839) was an English topographer, publisher, master cutler and artist.
Eccles Pike is an isolated hill three miles to the west of Chapel en le Frith in the Derbyshire Peak District.
Eco friendly agriculture describes landscapes that support both agricultural production and biodiversity conservation, working in harmony together to improve the livelihoods of rural communities.
Ecological land classification is a cartographical delineation or regionalisation of distinct ecological areas, identified by their geology, topography, soils, vegetation, climate conditions, living species, habitats, water resources, and sometimes also anthropic factors.
The ecology of the Sierra Nevada, located in the U.S. state of California, is diverse and complex: the plants and animals are a significant part of the scenic beauty of the mountain range.
The economy of Bolivia is the 95th largest economy in the world in nominal terms and the 87th economy in terms of purchasing power parity.
The socialist market economy of the People's Republic of China is the world's second largest economy by nominal GDP and the world's largest economy by purchasing power parity according to the International Monetary Fund (IMF), although China's National Bureau of Statistics denies the latter assessment.
Suriname was ranked the 124th safest investment destination in the world in the March 2011 Euromoney Country Risk rankings.
An ecosystem is a community made up of living organisms and nonliving components such as air, water, and mineral soil.
Edenhope Parish, New South Wales is a Bounded locality of Bogan Shire and a civil Parish of Cowper County, New South Wales, a cadasteral division of central New South Wales.
Sir Edmund Tilney or Tylney (1536–1610) was a courtier best known now as Master of the Revels to Queen Elizabeth and King James.
Himachal Pradesh was under the direct control of the British colonial rule in the mid 19th century.
Edward Chester Barnard (1863-1921) was an American topographer.
The energy released from a nuclear weapon detonated in the troposphere can be divided into four basic categories.
Effluence, New South Wales is a remote rural locality of Bourke Shire, New South wales.
Egelabra, New South Wales is a civil parish and rural locality of New South Wales located at 31°47′54″S 147°50′04″E.
Oxley County NSW. Elinginbah, New South Wales is a rural locality of Bogan Shire and a civil parish of Oxley County, New South Wales, a Cadastral divisions of New South Wales.
El Castillo is a municipality located on the Río San Juan (San Juan River) in the Río San Juan Department of Nicaragua.
El Castillo is a village of about 1,500 people situated on the southern bank of the Río San Juan (San Juan River) in southern Nicaragua.
The El Paso Mountains Wilderness was created in 1994 and now has a total of.
Eldorado National Forest is a U.S. National Forest located in the central Sierra Nevada mountain range, in eastern California.
The elevation of a geographic location is its height above or below a fixed reference point, most commonly a reference geoid, a mathematical model of the Earth's sea level as an equipotential gravitational surface (see Geodetic datum § Vertical datum).
Elgeyo-Marakwet County is one of Kenya's 47 counties.
Elizabeth Denny Pierce Blegen (June 26, 1888 – September 21, 1966) was an American archeologist, educator and writer who contributed the quarterly report, "Newsletter from Athens" for the American Journal of Archeology from 1925 to 1952.
Elpida Karayiannopoulou (Ελπίδα Καραγιαννοπούλου, born October 1, 1950), is a Greek singer who was one of the most successful singers in Greece and the Greek diaspora in the 1970s and 1980s.
Elstree is a village in the Hertsmere borough of Hertfordshire, England.
Eltham is a district of south east London, England, within the Royal Borough of Greenwich.
In the United States, emergency medical services (EMS) provide out-of-hospital acute medical care and/or transport to definitive care for those in need.
Emilio Frey (February 2, 1872 – May 29, 1964) was a Swiss Argentine geographer.
Empire of the Sun are an Australian electronic music duo from Sydney, formed in 2007.
Emu Parish, (Yanda County) in Cobar Shire is a civil parish of Yanda County a Cadastral division of New South Wales.
'Engineer-in-Chief or E-in-C', is a Colonel Commandant of the Pakistan Army Corps of Engineers, Frontier Works Organisation and the Military Engineering Services of Pakistan.
Engineering process outsourcing (EPO) for the architecture, engineering and construction (AEC) industry is a resource for the industries of the built environment.
English county histories, in other words historical and topographical (or "chorographical") works concerned with individual ancient counties of England before their reorganisation, were produced by antiquarians from the late 16th century onwards.
Enipeus Vallis is a valley in the northern hemisphere of the planet Mars.
Enrique Echeverría Vázquez (19231972) was a Mexican painter, part of the Generación de la Ruptura and early member of the Salón de la Plástica Mexicana.
The environment of Iowa has been heavily affected by agricultural production since it became a U.S. state in 1846.
Environmental determinism (also known as climatic determinism or geographical determinism) is the study of how the physical environment predisposes societies and states towards particular development trajectories.
Puget Sound is a deep inlet of the Pacific Ocean in Washington, extending south from the Strait of Juan de Fuca through Admiralty Inlet.
The Philippines' evident risk to natural disasters is due to its location.
Envisat ("Environmental Satellite") is a large inactive Earth-observing satellite which is still in orbit.
An erg (also sand sea or dune sea, or sand sheet if it lacks dunes) is a broad, flat area of desert covered with wind-swept sand with little or no vegetative cover.
Ernst Freiherr Stromer von Reichenbach (12 June 1871 – 18 December 1952) was a German paleontologist.
Erodability (or erodibility) is the inherent yielding or nonresistance of soils and rocks to erosion.
Erode is the seventh largest urban agglomeration of the South Indian state, Tamil Nadu and serves as administrative headquarters of Erode District.
There are dozens of erosion prediction models.
Et-Tell is an archaeological site in the West Bank that is popularly thought to be the biblical city of Ai.
The Ethiopia-United States Mapping Mission, also known as the Ethi-U.S. Mapping Mission, was an operation undertaken by the United States Army during the 1960s to provide up-to-date topographic map coverage of the entire country of Ethiopia.
The Europa Imaging System (EIS) is a visible spectrum wide and narrow angle camera on board the planned Europa Clipper mission that will map most of Europa at resolution, and will provide images of selected surface areas at up to 0.5 m resolution.
Evelyn Parish, on the Paroo River, is a remote civil Parish, of Thoulcanna County, a cadasteral division of New South Wales.
Sir John Evelyn Leslie Wrench, CMG, LLD (1882–1966), was a British author and the founder of the Royal Over-Seas League and the English-Speaking Union.
Evopod is a unique tidal energy device being developed by a UK-based company Oceanflow Energy Ltd for generating electricity from tidal streams and ocean currents.
Exfoliation joints or sheet joints are surface-parallel fracture systems in rock, and often leading to erosion of concentric slabs.
The exploration of Jupiter has been conducted via close observations by automated spacecraft.
The Explorer Hotel is located on 49th Avenue in Yellowknife, Northwest Territories, Canada.
Fahredin Nuri (24 November 1914 – 16 November 1984) was a notable Albanian hydraulic engineer.
In mountain biking and skiing, a fall line refers to the line down a mountain or hill which is most directly downhill.
Fan Chengda (1126–1193), courtesy name Zhineng (致能), was one of the best-known Chinese poets of the Song Dynasty (960-1279 AD), a government official, and an academic authority in geography, especially the southern provinces of China.
The FAO Country Profiles is a multilingual web portal which repackages the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) vast archive of information on its global activities in agriculture and food security in a single area and catalogues it exclusively by country and thematic areas.
The Far-Western Development Region (Nepali: सुदुर पश्चिमाञ्चल विकास क्षेत्र, Sudur Pashchimānchal Bikās Kshetra) was one of Nepal's five development regions.
The Fargo-Moorhead (FM) Area Diversion Project is a flood control project on the Red River of the North that borders North Dakota to the west and Minnesota to the East.
A fault scarp is a small step or offset on the ground surface where one side of a fault has moved vertically with respect to the other.
Feodosy Nikolaevich Krasovsky (Феодосий Николаевич Красовский) (– October 1, 1948) was a Russian and later Soviet astronomer and geodesist.
Fiftyone Glacier is a large glacier flowing southwards, on the south side of Heard Island in the southern Indian Ocean.
The figure of the Earth is the size and shape of the Earth in geodesy.
The Finchley Gap is a topographical feature in North London and describes a band of relatively low-lying land linking the valley of the River Colne, which at one time carried the primordial River Thames, in the north in Hertfordshire, to the valley of the River Brent to the west of London.
Finger Mountain is a topographical formation in interior Alaska.
The Finnish Defence Intelligence Agency is the combined signals (SIGINT), geospatial (GEOINT) and imagery intelligence (IMINT) agency of the Finnish Defence Forces.
Fire ecology is a scientific discipline concerned with natural processes involving fire in an ecosystem and the ecological effects, the interactions between fire and the abiotic and biotic components of an ecosystem, and the role of fire as an ecosystem process.
A fire regime is the pattern, frequency, and intensity of the bushfires and wildfires that prevail in an area over long periods of time.
The First Motion Picture Unit (FMPU), later 18th Army Air Forces Base Unit, was the primary film production unit of the US Army Air Forces (USAAF) during World War II and was the first military unit made up entirely of professionals from the film industry.
Fish stocks are subpopulations of a particular species of fish, for which intrinsic parameters (growth, recruitment, mortality and fishing mortality) are traditionally regarded as the significant factors determining the stock's population dynamics, while extrinsic factors (immigration and emigration) are traditionally ignored.
The Flag of Lord Howe Island is the unofficial flag of the island, an unincorporated area of New South Wales administered by the Lord Howe Island Board.
Flavio Biondo (Latin Flavius Blondus) (1392 – June 4, 1463) was an Italian Renaissance humanist historian.
A flood insurance rate map (FIRM) is an official map of a community within the United States that displays the floodplains, more explicitly special hazard areas and risk premium zones, as delineated by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA).
Flood Parish, New South Wales is a remote rural locality and civil Parish, of Thoulcanna County, a cadasteral division of New South Wales.
The biodiversity of Tasmania is of exceptional biological and paleoecological interest.
Fog is a visible aerosol consisting of minute water droplets or ice crystals suspended in the air at or near the Earth's surface.
Fongafale (also spelled Fogale or Fagafale) is the largest of Funafuti's islets in Tuvalu.
Foothills are geographically defined as gradual increase in elevation at the base of a mountain range, higher hill range or an upland area.
A footpath (also pedestrian way, walking trail, nature trail) is a type of thoroughfare that is intended for use only by pedestrians and not other forms of traffic such as motorized vehicles, cycles, and horses.
Forestry is the science and craft of creating, managing, using, conserving, and repairing forests, woodlands, and associated resources to meet desired goals, needs, and values for human and environment benefits.
The fortifications of Gibraltar have made the Rock of Gibraltar and its environs "probably the most fought over and most densely fortified place in Europe, and probably, therefore, in the world", as Field Marshal Sir John Chapple has put it.
In the mountaineering parlance of the Western United States, a fourteener is a mountain peak with an elevation of at least.
François Charles Hugues Laurent Pouqueville (4 November 1770 – 20 December 1838) was a French diplomat, writer, explorer, physician and historian, member of the Institut de France.
Francesco Basilicata (died ca. 1640) was a 17th century Italian cartographer and military engineer.
Francis Godolphin Osbourne Stuart (c.1843–1923) was a Scottish photographer.
Francis Lieber (March 18, 1798 or 1800 – October 2, 1872), known as Franz Lieber in Germany, was a German-American jurist, gymnast and political philosopher.
Francis Wilford(1761–1822) was an Indologist, Orientalist, fellow member of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, and a constant collaborator of its journal – Asiatic Researches – contributing a number of fanciful, sensational, controversial, and highly unreliable articles on ancient Hindu geography, mythography, and other subjects.
Francisco Javier Muñiz (21 December 1795 – 8 April 1871) was an Argentine colonel, legislator, and medical doctor.
The Franco-Prussian War or Franco-German War (Deutsch-Französischer Krieg, Guerre franco-allemande), often referred to in France as the War of 1870 (19 July 1871) or in Germany as 70/71, was a conflict between the Second French Empire of Napoleon III and the German states of the North German Confederation led by the Kingdom of Prussia.
Frank Manly Thorn (December 7, 1836 – April 14, 1907) was an American lawyer, politician, government official, essayist, journalist, humorist, and inventor.
Frank Cyril Swannell (May 16, 1880 in Hamilton, Ontario - 1969 in Victoria) was one of British Columbia's most famous surveyors.
Franklin Thompson Matthias (13 March 1908 – 3 December 1993) was an American civil engineer who directed construction of the Hanford nuclear site, a key facility of the Manhattan Project during World War II.
Jean Daniel François Schrader, better known as Franz Schrader, was a French mountaineer, geographer, cartographer and landscape painter, born January 11, 1844 in Bordeaux, died October 18, 1924 in Paris.
Friedrich Franz Wilhelm Junghuhn (October 26, 1809 in Mansfeld, Germany – April 24, 1864 in Lembang, Bandung, West Java), was a German-Dutch botanist and geologist.
Frederick William Green (March 21, 1869–1949) was an English Egyptologist, who worked at a number of sites throughout Egypt.
The history of French cartography can be traced to developments in the Middle Ages.
The French Federation of Speleology (Fédération Française de Spéléologie, FFS), is a French organisation that represents all persons practicing or studying caving and canyoning and promotes the study and conservation of caves.
The French Geodesic Mission (also called the Geodesic Mission to Peru, Geodesic Mission to the Equator and the Spanish-French Geodesic Mission) was an 18th-century expedition to what is now Ecuador carried out for the purpose of measuring the roundness of the Earth and measuring the length of a degree of latitude at the Equator.
The term freshet is most commonly used to describe a spring thaw resulting from snow and ice melt in rivers located in the northern latitudes of North America.
Friedrich Buchardt (17 March 1909 in Riga – 21 December 1982 in Nußbach) was a Baltic German SS-Obersturmbannführer (lieutenant colonel) who commanded Vorkommando Moskau, one of the divisions of ''Einsatzgruppe'' B. He then worked for MI6 until 1947, and then, presumably, for the CIA.
Friedrich Wilhelm Rembert Graf von Berg (Frederick William Rembert, Count Berg; Russified into Граф Фёдор Фёдорович фон Берг, Graf Feodor Feodorovich von Berg) was an Baltic-German nobleman, statesman, diplomat and military leader who served in the Imperial Russian Army, the count of Austria (from 9.1849) and Finland (from 26.8.1856), and was the 5th last Field Marshal (promoted in 1866) in the history of the Russian Empire.
Frindsbury, sometimes called Frinsbury, is part of the Medway Towns conurbation in Kent, southern England.
Frost hollow (or frost pocket) is the name for low-lying area (e.g. a valley bottom or a smaller hollow) where frosts occurs more frequently than in the surrounding area.
Fryingpan Glacier is on the eastern face of the Little Tahoma Peak, just to the east of Mount Rainier in the U.S. state of Washington.
The Fu Foundation School of Engineering and Applied Science (popularly known as SEAS or Columbia Engineering) is the engineering and applied science school of Columbia University.
Gabal El Haridi is an archaeological site in Egypt approximately 350 kilometers south of Cairo within Sakulta, in Sohag Governorate in Upper Egypt.
Gabbla is a 2009 film.
Gabriel Øidne (11 February 1918 – 4 April 1991) was a Norwegian geographer and historian.
Gabriel Perelle (born 1604 in Vernon, Eure, died 1677 in Paris) was a French draftsman and printmaker of topographic views and landscapes.
The Gadsden Purchase (known in Mexico as Venta de La Mesilla, "Sale of La Mesilla") is a region of present-day southern Arizona and southwestern New Mexico that the United States purchased via a treaty signed on December 30, 1853, by James Gadsden, U.S. ambassador to Mexico at that time.
The Galilee Basin is a large inland geological basin in the western Queensland region of Australia.
Gallus Jacob Baumgartner (18 October 1797 in Altstätten, Switzerland – 12 July 1869 at St. Gall) was a Swiss statesman and prominent federalist.
Garfield Parish, New South Wales is a civil Parish of Cowper County, New South Wales, a cadasteral division of central New South Wales.
The Garvellachs (Scottish Gaelic: Garbh Eileaich) or Isles of the Sea form a small archipelago in the Inner Hebrides of Scotland.
Gateshead is a town in Tyne and Wear, England, on the southern bank of the River Tyne opposite Newcastle upon Tyne.
Gaylen C. Hansen (born September 21, 1921) is an American artist best known for neo-expressionist figurative paintings that feature the flora and fauna of the Palouse, a geographically unusual area in Eastern Washington state where he lives and works, and “the Kernal,” Hansen’s alter-ego frontiersman whose often-perilous adventures are depicted in many of the artist’s canvases.
A gazetteer is a geographical dictionary or directory used in conjunction with a map or atlas.
Frank Gelett Burgess (January 30, 1866 – September 18, 1951) was an artist, art critic, poet, author and humorist.
The General Command of Mapping (Harita Genel Komutanlığı or HGK) is the national mapping agency of Turkey under the Ministry of National Defense and is responsible for the official topographical mapping of the country in both hard-copy and digital forms.
General Santander National Police Academy (or Escuela General Santander de la Policia Nacional in Spanish) is the main educational center for the Colombian National Police.
Generalstabens Topografiske Afdeling was the cartographic, topographic and general maps department of the Danish army from 1842 to 1928.
Generic Mapping Tools (GMT) are an open-source collection of computer software tools for processing and displaying xy and xyz datasets, including rasterisation, filtering and other image processing operations, and various kinds of map projections.
Geodætisk Institut (1928-1987) was a Danish state-run cartographic institute.
A geographic information system (GIS) is a system designed to capture, store, manipulate, analyze, manage, and present spatial or geographic data.
Geographical features are man-made or naturally-created features of the Earth.
Geography (from Greek γεωγραφία, geographia, literally "earth description") is a field of science devoted to the study of the lands, the features, the inhabitants, and the phenomena of Earth.
China has great physical diversity.
The city of Columbus is located in central Ohio at the confluence of the Scioto and Olentangy rivers.
The geography of Egypt relates to two regions: North Africa and Southwest Asia.
This article is about the geography of the State of Iowa.
The geography of Mesoamerica describes the geographic features of Mesoamerica, a culture area in the Americas inhabited by complex indigenous pre-Columbian cultures exhibiting a suite of shared and common cultural characteristics.
New Jersey is a state within the United States of America that lies on the north eastern edge of the North American continent.
Niger is a landlocked nation in West Africa located along the border between the Sahara and Sub-Saharan regions.
Oman is a country situated in Southwest Asia, bordering the Arabian Sea, Gulf of Oman, and Persian Gulf, between Yemen and United Arab Emirates (UAE).
The geography of Paris is characterized by the urbanization of the area it lies within, and its position in the Petite Couronne, Grande Couronne, and Île-de-France.
Poland is a country in Central Europe with an area of 312,679 square kilometres (120,726 sq. mi.), and mostly temperate climate.
The geography of Puerto Rico consists of an archipelago located between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, east of the Dominican Republic and west of the Virgin Islands.
South Africa occupies the southern tip of Africa, its coastline stretching more than from the desert border with Namibia on the Atlantic (western) coast southwards around the tip of Africa and then northeast to the border with Mozambique on the Indian Ocean.
The geography of South America contains many diverse regions and climates.
The geography of Tibet consists of the high mountains, lakes and rivers lying between Central, East and South Asia.
The Western Pacific nation of Tuvalu, formerly known as the Ellice Islands, is situated northeast of Australia and is approximately halfway between Hawaii and Australia.
Washington, D.C., in the United States, is located at (the coordinates of the Zero Milestone, on The Ellipse).
Geohumoral theory or Geohumoralism was a racialist concept propounded in Renaissance Europe.
A geologic map or geological map is a special-purpose map made to show geological features.
The geology of Armenia was shaped by geological upheaval pushed up the Earth's crust to form the Armenian Plateau 25 million years ago.
The geology of Mars is the scientific study of the surface, crust, and interior of the planet Mars.
Shropshire's Geology is very diverse and most geological periods of time, and most rock types, can be found within the county.
The geology of solar terrestrial planets mainly deals with the geological aspects of the four terrestrial planets of the Solar System, Mercury, Venus, Earth, and Mars, and one terrestrial dwarf planet, Ceres.
Venus is a planet with striking geology.
Geomatics (including geomatics engineering), also known as surveying engineering or geospatial science (including geospatial engineering and geospatial technology), is the discipline of gathering, storing, processing, and delivering geographic information or spatially referenced information.
Geomorphology (from Ancient Greek: γῆ, gê, "earth"; μορφή, morphḗ, "form"; and λόγος, lógos, "study") is the scientific study of the origin and evolution of topographic and bathymetric features created by physical, chemical or biological processes operating at or near the Earth's surface.
Geomorphometry, or geomorphometrics, is the science of quantitative land surface analysis.
Geopolitics (from Greek γῆ gê "earth, land" and πολιτική politikḗ "politics") is the study of the effects of geography (human and physical) on politics and international relations.
Georg Matthäus Vischer (22 April 1628 – 13 December 1696) was an Austrian topographer, cartographer, engraver and parish priest in Leonstein (Upper Austria) and Vienna.
Jørgen Zoëga (20 December 1755 – 10 February 1809) was a Danish archaeologist and numismatist; born at Daler near Tønder, near the west coast of northern Schleswig.
George Arnald (1763 – 21 November 1841) was a British painter who specialised in landscapes, including topographical views to illustrated county histories.
George Baker (1781-1851), topographer and historian, was a native of Northampton, England.
George Gordon Meade (December 31, 1815 – November 6, 1872) was a career United States Army officer and civil engineer best known for defeating Confederate General Robert E. Lee at the Battle of Gettysburg in the American Civil War.
George Ormerod (20 October 1785 – 9 October 1873) was an English antiquary and historian.
George Owen of Henllys (1552 – 26 August 1613) was a Welsh antiquarian, author, and naturalist.
George Washington Whistler (May 19, 1800 – April 7, 1849) was a prominent American civil engineer best known for building steam locomotives and railroads.
Gerasimos Pitsamanos or Pitzamanos (Γεράσιμος Πιτσαμάνος/Πιτζαμάνος; 6 March 1787, Argostoli - 5 December 1825, Corfu) was a Greek architect and portrait painter.
Gervase of Canterbury (Latin: Gervasus Cantuariensis or Gervasius Dorobornensis) (c. 1141 – c. 1210) was an English chronicler.
Ghana, officially the Republic of Ghana, is a unitary presidential constitutional democracy, located along the Gulf of Guinea and Atlantic Ocean, in the subregion of West Africa.
Ghana Institute of Management and Public Administration (GIMPA) is a public university spread over four campuses (Accra, Tema, Kumasi and Takoradi) and made up four schools, four research centers located at Greenhill in Accra, Ghana.
Gheorghe Asachi (surname also spelled Asaki; March 1, 1788 – November 12, 1869) was a Moldavian, later Romanian prose writer, poet, painter, historian, dramatist and translator.
Giant current ripples are active channel topographic forms up to 20 m high, which develop within near-talweg areas of the main outflow valleys created by glacial lake outburst floods.
Gilbert Thompson (21 March 1839 – 8 June 1909) was an American typographer, draftsman, topographer, and soldier.
Giolla na Naomh O hUidhrin, Irish historian and poet, died 1420.
Giovanni Battista (Carlo) de Rossi (23 February 1822 – 20 September 1894) was an Italian archaeologist, famous even outside his field for rediscovering early Christian catacombs.
Giovanni Boaga (February 28, 1902 – November 17, 1961) was an Italian mathematician and geodesy professor.
Giovanni Capula was an Italian architect of likely Sardinian origin of the 13th-14th century.
Giovanni Domenico Cassini (8 June 1625 – 14 September 1712) was an Italian (naturalised French) mathematician, astronomer and engineer.
GIS in environmental contamination is the use of GIS software in mapping out the contaminants in soil and water using the spatial interpolation tools from GIS.
The glacial history of Minnesota is most defined since the onset of the last glacial period, which ended some 10,000 years ago.
Glacier morphology, or the form a glacier takes, is influenced by temperature, precipitation, topography, and other factors.
The Glacier Noir (French for "black glacier") is a glacier in the Massif des Écrins in the French Alps.
Glaciology (from Latin: glacies, "frost, ice", and Ancient Greek: λόγος, logos, "subject matter"; literally "study of ice") is the scientific study of glaciers, or more generally ice and natural phenomena that involve ice.
The Glenshane Pass is a major mountain pass cutting through the Sperrin Mountains in County Londonderry, Northern Ireland.
The Glenville Hills Kames is a 345 hectare provincially significant Earth Science Area of Natural and Scientific Interest in Ontario, Canada.
A global relief model, sometimes also denoted as global topography model or composite model, combines digital elevation model (DEM) data over land with digital bathymetry model (DBM) data over water-covered areas (oceans, lakes) to describe Earth’s relief.
A globe is a spherical model of Earth, of some other celestial body, or of the celestial sphere.
Gloss is an optical property which indicates how well a surface reflects light in a specular (mirror-like) direction.
This glossary of geography terms is a list of definitions of words and phrases used in geography and related fields, which describe and identify natural phenomena, geographical locations, spatial dimension and natural resources.
This page is a glossary of geology.
This glossary of viticultural terms list some of terms and definitions involved in growing grapes for use in winemaking.
The Golan Heights (هضبة الجولان or مرتفعات الجولان, רמת הגולן), or simply the Golan, is a region in the Levant, spanning about.
Gorges State Park is a North Carolina state park in Transylvania County, North Carolina in the United States.
Goshen is a village in and the county seat of Orange County, New York, United States.
Gossan (eiserner hut or eisenhut) is intensely oxidized, weathered or decomposed rock, usually the upper and exposed part of an ore deposit or mineral vein.
Gotley Glacier is a well-defined glacier, long, descending from the ice-covered slopes of the Big Ben massif to the southwest side of Heard Island in the southern Indian Ocean.
Goulburn Parish, New South Wales is a Bounded locality of Bogan Shire and a civil Parish of Cowper County, New South Wales, a cadasteral division of central New South Wales.
The Administrative Division of Cúcuta, Colombia includes the municipal head, the small towns of Agua Clara, El Escobal, Guaramito, El Carmen de Tonchalá, and the small villages of Alto Viento, El Rodeo, La Jarra, Puerto León and Puerto Nuevo.
Grafton Tyler Brown (1841–1918) was an American painter, lithographer and cartographer.
Graham Mountain is the seventh highest of the Catskill High Peaks and the highest privately owned mountain in the range.
The Gran Desierto de Altar is one of the major sub-ecoregions of the Sonoran Desert, located in the State of Sonora, Northwest Mexico.
A grass mountain (Grasberg) in topography is a mountain covered with low vegetation, typically in the Alps and often steep-sided.
The gravity of Earth, which is denoted by, refers to the acceleration that is imparted to objects due to the distribution of mass within Earth.
The gravity of Mars is a natural phenomenon by which all things with mass around Mars are brought towards it.
The gray wolf (Canis lupus), also known as the timber wolf,Paquet, P. & Carbyn, L. W. (2003).
The Great Basin is the largest area of contiguous endorheic watersheds in North America.
The Great Escarpment in eastern Australia is an escarpment that runs east of the Great Dividing Range along most of the east of the continent.
Great Fulford is an historic estate in the parish of Dunsford, Devon.
The Great Plains (sometimes simply "the Plains") is the broad expanse of flat land (a plain), much of it covered in prairie, steppe, and grassland, that lies west of the Mississippi River tallgrass prairie in the United States and east of the Rocky Mountains in the U.S. and Canada.
Grenfell (Canada 2016 Census population 1,099) is a town in Southern Saskatchewan, Canada.
The grid plan, grid street plan, or gridiron plan is a type of city plan in which streets run at right angles to each other, forming a grid.
Ground blizzard refers to a weather condition where loose snow or ice on the ground is lifted and blown by strong winds.
Groundwater banking is a water management mechanism designed to increase water supply reliability.
A guide book or travel guide is "a book of information about a place designed for the use of visitors or tourists".
Guillaume Henri Dufour (15 September 1787 – 14 July 1875) was a Swiss army officer, bridge engineer and topographer.
The Gulf of Corryvreckan (from the Gaelic Coire Bhreacain meaning "cauldron of the speckled seas" or "cauldron of the plaid"), also called the Strait of Corryvreckan, is a narrow strait between the islands of Jura and Scarba, in Argyll and Bute, off the west coast of mainland Scotland.
Gunner Berg (22 November 1764 – 19 August 1827) was a Norwegian priest, writer and politician.
Gustav Kaupert (April 4, 1819 - December 4, 1897) was a German sculptor born in Kassel.
Gustav Sohon (1825–1903) was an artist, interpreter, and topographical assistant.
György Györffy (Szucság (Suceagu, today part of Baciu), 26 September 1917 – Budapest, 19 December 2000) was a Hungarian historian, and member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences (MTA).
Hațeg Island was a large offshore island in the Tethys Sea which existed during the late Cretaceous period, probably from the Cenomanian to the Maastrichtian ages.
Hagal is the informal name of a dune field on Mars located below the north pole of Mars.
Hageman is a Dutch toponymic surname.
Halliford School is a selective boys independent school, which also admits girls into its sixth form, in Lower Halliford, Shepperton, Surrey, England.
Halmahera Sea is a regional sea located in the central eastern part of the Australasian Mediterranean Sea.
Hamilton Square is a town square in Birkenhead, Wirral, England.
The Hans Lollik Islands are two islands in the US Virgin Islands.
Hans Peter L'orange (8 September 1835 – 1907) was a Norwegian military officer.
Hans Karl Georg von Kaltenborn-Stachau (23 March 1836, in Magdeburg – 16 February 1898, in Braunschweig) was a Prussian General of the Infantry and Minister of War.
Hans-Georg Stephan (born 30 May 1950) is a German university professor specializing in European medieval archaeology and post-medieval archaeology.
Hanwell is a town in the London Borough of Ealing, west London, England.
Happy Valley Forest is a 6.48 square kilometre provincially significant ecological area, classified as an Area of Natural and Scientific Interest by the Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources.
Harley Valentine (born November 4, 1983) is a contemporary Canadian artist based in Toronto, Ontario.
Haven: Call of the King is a 2002 multi-genre action-adventure video game developed by Traveller's Tales and published by Midway Games for the PlayStation 2.
The Hawaii hotspot is a volcanic hotspot located near the namesake Hawaiian Islands, in the northern Pacific Ocean.
Hayabusa2 is an asteroid sample-return mission operated by the Japanese space agency, JAXA.
Haywood Shepherd Hansell Jr. (September 28, 1903 – November 14, 1988) was a general officer in the United States Army Air Forces (USAAF) during World War II, and later the United States Air Force.
Hazelwood Parish, New South Wales is a Bounded locality of Brewarrina Shire and a civil Parish of Cowper County, New South Wales.
Hazleton is a city in Luzerne County, Pennsylvania, United States.
Hîncești is a district (raion) of Moldova, with the city of Hîncești as its administrative center.
Hügelland is a type of landscape consisting of low, rolling hills whose topography or surface structure lies between that of a lowland region (plains or river terraces) and that of a more rugged hill range or low mountain range.
Hülphers, German-Swedish family originating from Schmalkalden, Thuringia, Holy Roman Empire.
In aviation, atmospheric sciences and broadcasting, a height above ground level (AGL) is a height measured with respect to the underlying ground surface.
Heinrich Edmund Naumann (September 11, 1854 – February 1, 1927) was a German geologist, regarded as the "father of Japanese geology" in Meiji period Japan.
Heinrich Wild (Mitlödi, Canton of Glarus, November 15, 1877 – Baden, Switzerland, December 26, 1951) was a Swiss inventor, designer and founder of Wild Heerbrugg.
Hells Canyon is a wide canyon located along the border of eastern Oregon, eastern Washington and western Idaho in the United States.
Henry or Henri Duhamel (born 9 December 1853 in Paris, died 7 February 1917 in Gières (Isère)) was a French mountaineer, author and skiing pioneer.
Lieutenant-Colonel Henry Haversham Godwin-Austen FRS FZS FRGS MBOU (6 July 1834 – 2 December 1923), known until 1854 as Henry Haversham Austen, was an English topographer, geologist, naturalist and surveyor.
Colonel Henry Elliott Chevallier Kitchener, 2nd Earl Kitchener (5 October 1846 – 27 March 1937), was a British soldier and peer.
Henry Peter Bosse (1844–1903) German-American photographer, cartographer and civil engineer.
Herbert Gouverneur Ogden (1846-1906) was an American geographer, topographer, civil engineer, and cartographer.
Hermann Guthe (May 10, 1849, Westerlinde - August 11, 1936, Leipzig) was a German Semitic scholar.
Hermann von Rosenberg (April 7, 1817 – November 15, 1888) was a German naturalist born in Darmstadt.
The Hermannsburg School is an art movement, or art style, which began at the Hermannsburg Mission in the 1930s.
Hernando de Soto (1495 – May 21, 1542) was a Spanish explorer and conquistador who led the first Spanish and European expedition deep into the territory of the modern-day United States (through Florida, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, and most likely Arkansas).
Hesperia Planum is a broad lava plain in the southern highlands of the planet Mars.
The High Rockies, or high country, is a term for a region of the U.S. state of Colorado.
Highway 1 (כביש 1, Kvish Ahat), is the main highway connecting Tel Aviv and Jerusalem in Israel and continuing eastwards to the Jordan Valley.
A hill chain, sometimes also hill ridge, is an elongated line of hills that usually includes a succession of more or less prominent hilltops, domed summits or kuppen, hill ridges and saddles and which, together with its associated lateral ridges and branches, may form a complex topographic structure.
Hillsborough is an incorporated town in San Mateo County, California, in the San Francisco Bay Area.
The Hirschbach Falls (Hirschbachfälle) lie between St. Peter and Simonswald in that part of the High Black Forest, which is also considered part of the Central Black Forest.
Hislop is an English, Scottish and Irish name in origin.
The extent of the historical basis of the Homeric epics has been a topic of scholarly debate for centuries.
History of a Six Weeks' Tour through a part of France, Switzerland, Germany, and Holland; with Letters Descriptive of a Sail Round the Lake of Geneva and of the Glaciers of Chamouni is a travel narrative by the English Romantic authors Mary Shelley and Percy Bysshe Shelley.
This article details the History of Adelaide from the first human activity in the region to the 20th century.
The history of agriculture records the domestication of plants and animals and the development and dissemination of techniques for raising them productively.
The history of Alnmouth, a village and sea-port in Northumberland, England, can be traced back to the Mesolithic period.
Cartography, or mapmaking, has been an integral part of the human history for thousands of years.
The history of geography includes many histories of geography which have differed over time and between different cultural and political groups.
The history of geomagnetism is concerned with the history of the study of Earth's magnetic field.
Goa is a small state on the western coast of India.
Humans have inhabited Orkney for about 8,800 years: archeological evidence dates from Mesolithic times.
History of Rocky Mountain National Park began when Paleo-Indians traveled along what is now Trail Ridge Road to hunt and forage for food.
The polar archipelago of Svalbard was first discovered by Willem Barentsz in 1596, although there is disputed evidence of use by Pomors or Norsemen.
This article delineates the history of urban planning, a technical and political process concerned with the use of land and design of the urban environment, including air, water, and the infrastructure passing into and out of urban areas such as transportation and distribution networks.
Yorkshire is a historic county of England, centred on the county town of York.
Hobbs State Park – Conservation Area is a Arkansas state park in Benton, Carroll, and Madison Counties, Arkansas in the United States.
Hockley Valley Provincial Nature Reserve is a nature reserve located on the Niagara Escarpment within the township of Mono, Ontario, Canada.
Holderness is an area of the East Riding of Yorkshire, on the east coast of England.
Holger Walter (born September 26, 1968 in Lauffen am Neckar) is a German sculptor based in Karlsruhe and Berlin.
Holme is a village and civil parish in the South Lakeland district of Cumbria, England, about north of Burton-in-Kendal and south east of Milnthorpe.
Holt Castle was a medieval castle in the town of Holt, Wrexham Borough, Wales.
Home of the Brave is a 1949 war film based on a 1946 play by Arthur Laurents.
Homodyne detection is a method of extracting information encoded as modulation of the phase and/or frequency of an oscillating signal, by comparing that signal with a standard oscillation that would be identical to the signal if it carried null information.
Honeymoon Bay is a small bay facing the Pacific Ocean, located at the northeast coast of Taiwan in Toucheng Township, Yilan County.
Hongmei Park also called Red Plum Park, is a park located in the northeast of Changzhou City, in southern Jiangsu province, People's Republic of China.
Hoodoo Mountain is a potentially active flat-topped stratovolcano in the Stikine Country of northwestern British Columbia, Canada, located northeast of Wrangell, Alaska, on the north side of the lower Iskut River and east of its junction with the Stikine River.
The hoopoe starling, also known as the Réunion starling or Bourbon crested starling (Fregilupus varius), is a species of starling which lived on the Mascarene island of Réunion, and became extinct in the 1850s.
Portrait of Horace-Bénédict de Saussure (after the picture by Juehl, in the Library at Geneva) Horace-Bénédict de Saussure (17 February 1740 – 22 January 1799) was a Swiss geologist, meteorologist, physicist, mountaineer and Alpine explorer, often called the founder of alpinism and modern meteorology, and considered to be the first person to build a successful solar oven.
The Houtman Abrolhos (often informally called the Abrolhos Islands) is a chain of 122 islands, and associated coral reefs, in the Indian Ocean off the west coast of Australia.
Hu Maxwell (September 22, 1860, Saint George, Virginia (now West Virginia) — August 20, 1927, Evanston, Illinois) was a local historian, novelist, editor, poet, and author of several histories of West Virginia counties.
Hugo Ewald Graf von Kirchbach (23 May 1809 – 26 October 1887) was a Prussian general who commanded the Prussian V Corps during the Franco-Prussian War.
The Hummeln structure was confirmed, in 2015, as an impact crater in Småland province, Sweden.
Huna of Thorney was a seventh century Saint Priest and Hermit.
Huntley Parish, New South Wales is a Bounded locality of Bogan Shire and a civil Parish of Cowper County, New South Wales, a cadasteral division of central New South Wales.
Hurricane Eugene was the only tropical cyclone to make landfall in Mexico during the 1987 Pacific hurricane season.
Hydrographic survey is the science of measurement and description of features which affect maritime navigation, marine construction, dredging, offshore oil exploration/offshore oil drilling and related activities.
Hydrography is the branch of applied sciences which deals with the measurement and description of the physical features of oceans, seas, coastal areas, lakes and rivers, as well as with the prediction of their change over time, for the primary purpose of safety of navigation and in support of all other marine activities, including economic development, security and defence, scientific research, and environmental protection.
An hydrological transport model is a mathematical model used to simulate river or stream flow and calculate water quality parameters.
Ian Strang, A.R.E., R.E., (11 April 1886– 23 March 1952) was a British draughtsman and etcher who specialised in topographical subjects.
An ice cap is a mass of ice that covers less than 50,000 km2 of land area (usually covering a highland area).
The idi probak (Basque for "oxen tests", also called idi demak (oxen wagers)) are the most popular form of Basque dragging games.
Igualada Cemetery or New Cemetery (Catalan: Cementiri Nou) is a cemetery in Igualada, near Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain, designed by the architects Enric Miralles and Carme Pinós after winning an architectural competition in 1984.
The Ijuí River (Portuguese, Rio Ijuí) is a river of Rio Grande do Sul state in southern Brazil.
The Illinois Central Stone Arch Railroad Bridges are a trio of limestone railroad bridges in the city of Dixon, Illinois, United States.
The Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales is a substantial topographical dictionary first published between 1870 and 1872, edited by the Reverend John Marius Wilson.
The Imperial Gazetteer of Scotland is a topographical dictionary first published in parts between 1854 and 1857, edited by the Reverend John Marius Wilson.
Incan architecture is the most significant pre-Columbian architecture in South America.
The Incan aqueducts refer to any of a series of aqueducts built by the Inca people.
This is a list of meteorology topics.
The Indian leopard (Panthera pardus fusca) is a leopard subspecies widely distributed on the Indian subcontinent.
Indo-Roman trade relations (see also the spice trade and incense road) was trade between the Indian subcontinent and the Roman Empire in Europe and the Mediterranean.
The Indonesian Army (Tentara Nasional Indonesia-Angkatan Darat, TNI–AD), the land component of the Indonesian National Armed Forces, has an estimated strength of 300,000 active personnel.
The Inner Temple Library is a private law library in London, England, serving barristers, judges, and students on the Bar Professional Training Course.
The Institut national de l’information géographique et forestière (National Institute of Geographic and Forest Information), previously Institut géographique national (National Geographic Institute) or IGN is a French public state administrative establishment founded in 1940 to produce and maintain geographical information for France and its overseas departments and territories.
The Inter Glacier or Interglacier, is a small glacier on the northeast face of Mount Rainier in Washington.
The Intercolonial Railway of Canada, also referred to as the Intercolonial Railway (ICR), was a historic Canadian railway that operated from 1872 to 1918, when it became part of Canadian National Railways.
Interferometric synthetic aperture radar, abbreviated InSAR (or deprecated IfSAR), is a radar technique used in geodesy and remote sensing.
The Intermontane Plateaus of the Western United States is one of eight U.S. Physiographic regions (divisions) of the physical geography of the contiguous United States.
Seabirds include some of the most threatened taxa anywhere in the world.
Inundation (from the Latin inundatio, flood) is both the act of intentionally flooding land that would otherwise remain dry, for military, agricultural, or river-management purposes, and the result of such an act.
The Inundation of Walcheren was the intentional, but uncontrolledControlled military inundations have been a feature of Dutch military defense for centuries.
Ioan Mire Melik, or Melic (born Iacob Ioan Miren Melik; Liviu Papuc,, in Convorbiri Literare, December 2006 August 9, 1840 – January 29, 1889), was a Wallachian, later Romanian mathematician, educator and political figure, one of the early members of Junimea literary society.
Iowa is a U.S. state in the Midwestern United States, bordered by the Mississippi River to the east and the Missouri and Big Sioux rivers to the west.
The Iron Mountain District, also known as the Iron Springs District, is a large, high-grade iron deposit in southwestern Utah, near Cedar City.
Irrigation scheduling is the process used by irrigation system managers to determine the correct frequency and duration of watering.
Isara-Remo is an ancient town in the present-day Remo North Local Government Area in Ogun State in Nigeria.
The Iskar Reservoir (язовир „Искър“) is the largest reservoir in Bulgaria.
The Island of Montreal (Kanien’kéha: Tiohtià:ke), in southwestern Quebec, Canada, is at the confluence of the Saint Lawrence and Ottawa rivers.
An island wake is a geophysical phenomenon which results from the interaction between the island topography and the incoming atmospheric and oceanic flows.
City of Kollam or Quilon is known as Prince of Arabian Sea, situated on the banks of Arabian Sea and Ashtamudi Lake.
ISO 25178: Geometric Product Specifications (GPS) – Surface texture: areal is an International Organisation for Standardisation collection of international standards relating to the analysis of 3D areal surface texture.
An isopycnal is a line connecting points of a specific density or potential density.
The Israeli West Bank barrier or wall (for further names see here) is a separation barrier in the West Bank or along the Green Line.
Israeli wine is produced by hundreds of wineries, ranging in size from small boutique enterprises to large companies producing over ten million bottles per year.
The Isthmian-Atlantic moist forests (NT0129) are a Central American tropical moist broadleaf forest ecoregion located in Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama.
The Itcha Range, also known as the Itchas, is a small isolated mountain range in the West-Central Interior of British Columbia, Canada.
The Itezhi-Tezhi Dam on the Kafue River in west-central Zambia was built between 1974 and 1977 at the Itezhi-Tezhi Gap, in a range of hills through which the river had eroded a narrow valley, leading to the broad expanse of the wetlands known as the Kafue Flats.
Ivybridge is a small town and civil parish in the South Hams, in Devon, England.
is a village occupying Izena Island in the north of Okinawa Prefecture, Japan (though administered as part of Shimajiri District).
J Harlen Bretz (September 2, 1882 – February 3, 1981) was an American geologist, best known for his research that led to the acceptance of the Missoula Floods and for his work on caves.
Jakob Schive (29 April 1897 – 12 October 1969) was a Norwegian military officer, geodesist and Milorg pioneer.
Jakob Freiherr von Hartmann (4 February 1795 – 23 February 1873) was a Bavarian general who served in the Austro-Prussian War and Franco-Prussian War.
James Bennett (10 May 1785 - 29 January 1856) was a British printer and book seller who became a publisher.
James Harrison Wilson (September 2, 1837 – February 23, 1925) was a United States Army topographic engineer and a Union Army Major General in the American Civil War.
James Norris Brewer (1777–1839; fl. 1799–1829), was an English topographer and novelist.
James Raine (1791–1858) was an English antiquarian and topographer.
Sir James Ranald Martin (12 May 1796 – 27 November 1874) was a surgeon in India who worked in the service of the Honourable East India Company and was instrumental in publicising the effects of deforestation, and finding links between human and environmental health.
James Rodway (February 27, 1848 – November 27, 1926) was an eminent late 19th and early 20th century Guyanese historian, botanist and novelist.
Lieutenant-Colonel James Tod (20 March 1782 – 18 November 1835) was an English-born officer of the British East India Company and an Oriental scholar.
Major James Warren Bagley (October 31, 1881 – February 19, 1947) was an American aerial photographer, topographic engineer and inventor.
Jan Griffier (ca 1652–1718) was a Dutch Golden Age painter who was active in England, where he was admitted to the London Company of Painter-Stainers in 1677.
Johannes "Jan" Kip (1652/53, Amsterdam – 1722, Westminster) was a Dutch draftsman, engraver and print dealer.
were fortresses constructed primarily of wood and stone.
Jedediah Hotchkiss (November 30, 1828 – January 17, 1899), known most frequently as Jed, was an educator and the most famous cartographer and topographer of the American Civil War.
Jedediah Strong Smith (January 6, 1799 – May 27, 1831), was a clerk, frontiersman, hunter, trapper, author, cartographer, and explorer of the Rocky Mountains, the North American West, and the Southwest during the early 19th century.
Jersey City is the second-most-populous city in the U.S. state of New Jersey, after Newark.
Jerusalem during the Second Temple period describes the history of the city from the return to Zion under Cyrus the Great to the 70 CE siege of Jerusalem by Titus during the First Jewish–Roman War, which saw both region and city change hands several times.
Jerusalem's Lot, Maine (often shortened to 'Salem's Lot or just the Lot) is a fictional town and a part of writer Stephen King's fictional Maine topography.
João Viegas Carrascalão (11 August 1945 – 18 February 2012; Dili, East Timor) was an East Timorese politician.
Johann August Kaupert (9 May 1822 – 11 February 1899) was a German topographer and cartographer born in Kassel.
Johann Wilhelm Fortunat Coaz (31 May 1822 – 18 August 1918) was a Swiss forester, topographer and mountaineer from Graubünden.
Johann Gottlieb Lindner (17 March 1726 – 18 December 1811) was a German pedagogue, historian and author.
Johann Stumpf (23 April 1500 – c. 1578) was an early writer on the history and topography of Switzerland.
Johannes Hevelius Some sources refer to Hevelius as Polish.
John Bailey (1750-1819), was an English agriculturist and engraver.
John Beagles (1844 – 8 January 1907) was an English printer and publisher, especially of real photo postcards, through his company, J. Beagles & Co.
John Britton (1771–1857) was an English antiquary, author and editor.
John Claude Nattes (c.1765–1839 Dover) was a watercolourist and topographical draughtsman of either French or English origin.
John Corry (fl. 1825) was an Irish topographer and historian writer.
John Dunkin (1782–1846) was an English topographer.
John Eatton Le Conte, Jr. (sometimes John Eatton LeConte or John Eaton Leconte) (February 22, 1784 – November 21, 1860) was an American naturalist.
John Eyre (1771–), a pardoned convict, was an early Australian painter and engraver.
John Frederick Baddeley (July 1854 – Oxford, 16 February 1940) was a British traveller, scholar and journalist, best known by his works on Russia and the Caucasus region.
John Holland (14 March 1794 – 28 December 1872) was an English poet and newspaper editor.
John Kirby (1690–1753) was an English land surveyor and topographer.
John Milton Fessenden (1804 –1883) was a prominent American civil engineer in the first half of the 19th century.
John Norris (1721 – 29 June 1786) was an English merchant and a member of the landed gentry.
John O'Donovan (Seán Ó Donnabháin; 25 July 1806 – 10 December 1861), from Atateemore, in the parish of Kilcolumb, County Kilkenny, and educated at Hunt's Academy, Waterford, was an Irish language scholar from Ireland.
John Oliver Wheeler (19 December 1924 – 24 May 2015) was a Canadian geologist, who spent most of his career as a research scientist with the Geological Survey of Canada.
John Russell Smith (1810–1894), known as Russell Smith, was an English bookseller and bibliographer.
John Speed (1551 or 1552 – 28 July 1629) was an English cartographer and historian.
John Strachey FRS (10 May 1671 – 11 June 1743) was a British geologist and topographer.
John Turnbull Thomson (10 August 1821 – 16 October 1884) was a British civil engineer and artist who played an instrumental role in the development of the early infrastructure of nineteenth-century Singapore and New Zealand.
John Wesley "Wes" Powell (March 24, 1834 – September 23, 1902) was a U.S. soldier, geologist, explorer of the American West, professor at Illinois Wesleyan University, and director of major scientific and cultural institutions.
John William Hill or often J.W. Hill (January 13, 1812 – September 24, 1879) was a British born American artist working in watercolor, gouache, lithography, and engraving.
Air Vice Marshal James Edgar Johnson, (9 March 1915 – 30 January 2001), nicknamed "Johnnie", was a Royal Air Force (RAF) pilot and flying ace—defined as a pilot that has shot down five or more enemy aircraft in aerial combat—who flew and fought during the Second World War.
Johnson County (county code JO) is a county located in the U.S. state of Kansas.
Johnson Run Natural Area is a nature preserve located in Cameron County, Pennsylvania.
Jon Harris (born 1943) is an artist, illustrator, and calligrapher, who has a particular interest in architecture and topography.
Jos Murer (August or September 1530 – 14 October 1580) was a Zürich poet, topographer, stained glass maker, and mathematician.
Joseph August Knip (Josephus Augustus Knip) (baptized 3 August 1777 in Tilburg – buried 1 October 1847 in Berlicum) was a Dutch painter.
Lt.-Colonel Joseph Bouchette (May 14, 1774 – April 8, 1841) was the Canadian Surveyor-General of British North America.
Joseph John Skelton (1783–1871) was an English engraver.
Joseph Nightingale (26 October 1775 – 9 August 1824) was a prolific English writer and preacher.
Juan Galindo (1802–1839) was a Central American explorer and army officer.
Judith Gap is a town in Wheatland County, Montana, United States.
Judith Lodge (born July 25, 1941) is an American Canadian painter and photographer who often explores how the two mediums play off of and inform one another.
Julio Cervera Baviera (26 January 1854 – 24 June 1927) was a Spanish engineer, pioneer in the development of radio, educator, explorer, and military man.
Julius Pitzman (1837–1923) was a Prussian-born American surveyor and city planner best known for his development of the private, gated neighborhoods in St. Louis, MissouriPorter, E. F. "Historic: Preservationists Move Toward Quiet Victory", St. Louis Post-Dispatch, 1992-06-07, p. C3.
Julius Johannes Ludovicus Payer (2 September 1841, – 29 August 1915), ennobled Ritter von Payer in 1876, was an officer of the Austro-Hungarian Army, mountaineer, arctic explorer, cartographer, painter, and professor at the Theresian Military Academy.
Junín is a region in the central highlands and westernmost Peruvian Amazon.
Kaesong or Gaeseong is a city in North Hwanghae Province in the southern part of North Korea, a former Directly Governed City, and the capital of Korea during the Taebong kingdom and subsequent Goryeo dynasty.
Kalinga; Lalawigan ng Kalinga) is a landlocked province in the Philippines situated within the Cordillera Administrative Region in Luzon. The word Kalinga is derived from the ancient name of Indian state of Orissa, a major Hindu and Buddhist state in ancient India. Its capital is Tabuk and borders Mountain Province to the south, Abra to the west, Isabela to the east, Cagayan to the northeast, and Apayao to the north. Kalinga and Apayao are the result of the 1995 partitioning of the former province of Kalinga-Apayao; which was seen to better service the respective needs of the various indigenous peoples in the area.
A kame is a glacial landform, an irregularly shaped hill or mound composed of sand, gravel and till that accumulates in a depression on a retreating glacier, and is then deposited on the land surface with further melting of the glacier.
Kanggye is the provincial capital of Chagang, North Korea and has a population of 251,971.
Friedrich Karl Ferdinand Freiherr von Müffling, called Weiss (12 June 177510 January 1851) was a Prussian Generalfeldmarschall and military theorist.
Karl Julius Beloch (January 21, 1854 in Nieder-Petschkendorf – February 1, 1929 in Rome) was a German classical and economic historian.
Kastri (Καστρί, pron. Kastrí, from the Medieval Greek word for small castle or watchtower) is a village of the unit of Evrymenes, Zitsa municipality, Epirus, NW Greece.
Kazabazua River is a tributary of the Gatineau River in western Quebec, Canada.
The Köterberg, at above sea level, is the highest hill in the Lippe Uplands and lies on the state border between North Rhine-Westphalia and Lower Saxony in North Germany.
Kelly Parish is a remote rural locality on the Paroo River and a civil Parish, of the Thoulcanna County a cadasteral division of New South Wales.
A Kelvin wave is a wave in the ocean or atmosphere that balances the Earth's Coriolis force against a topographic boundary such as a coastline, or a waveguide such as the equator.
Kenindee Parish, (Yanda County) in Cobar Shire is a civil parish of Yanda County a Cadastral division of New South Wales.
Kenmare Parish is a remote civil Parish, of Irrara County, a cadasteral division of New South Wales.
The Kern River, originally Rio de San Felipe, later La Porciuncula, is a river in the U.S. state of California, approximately long.
Keta Lagoon, also called Anlo-Keta lagoon, is the largest of the over 90 lagoons that cover the 550 km stretch of the coastline of Ghana.
Kettle Moraine is a large moraine in the state of Wisconsin, United States.
Keyline design is a landscaping technique of maximizing the beneficial use of the water resources of a tract of land.
Khan Kandi (خان كندي, also Romanized as Khān Kandī) is a village in Ojarud-e Gharbi Rural District, in the Central District of Germi County, Ardabil Province, Iran.
Kibera (Nubian: Forest or Jungle) is a division of Nairobi Area, Kenya, and neighbourhood of the city of Nairobi, from the city centre.
Kilfera Parish on the New South Wales - Queensland border in Bourke Shire is a remote civil Parish, of Irrara County, a cadasteral division of New South Wales.
Kilimanjaro Expedition is a sketch from the episode of Monty Python's Flying Circus "The Ant, an Introduction", also appearing in the Monty Python film And Now For Something Completely Different.
is a turn-based strategy video game with wargaming elements for the Family Computer, released only in Japan.
The King's Observatory (called for many years the Kew Observatory) is a Grade I listed building in Richmond, London.
Strathclyde (lit. "Strath of the River Clyde"), originally Ystrad Clud or Alclud (and Strath-Clota in Anglo-Saxon), was one of the early medieval kingdoms of the Britons in Hen Ogledd ("the Old North"), the Brythonic-speaking parts of what is now southern Scotland and northern England.
Kirby Hill, historically also known as Kirby-on-the-Hill, is a village and civil parish in the Richmondshire district of North Yorkshire, England.
Kirkeøy is the largest island in the Norwegian municipality of Hvaler.
The Kobuk River (also Kooak, Kowak, Kubuk, Kuvuk, or Putnam) is a river located in the Arctic region of northwestern Alaska in the United States.
Kongsfjord Telemetry Station (Kongsfjord telemetristasjon) was a satellite ground station located nearby Ny-Ålesund in Svalbard, Norway.
Konstantin Bernhard von Voigts-Rhetz (16 July 1809 – 14 April 1877) was a Prussian general who served in the Austro-Prussian War and the Franco-Prussian War.
Kosovo (Kosova or Kosovë; Косово) is a partially recognised state and disputed territory in Southeastern Europe that declared independence from Serbia in February 2008 as the Republic of Kosovo (Republika e Kosovës; Република Косово / Republika Kosovo).
Kristen Gran Gleditsch (1867 – 1946) was a Norwegian military officer and topographer.
Kuraby is a suburb of Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.
Kurdish nationalism (Kurdish: Kurdayetî, کوردایەتی) holds that the Kurdish people are deserving of a sovereign nation that would be partitioned out of areas in Turkey, northern Iraq, and Syria based on the promised nation of Kurdistan under the Treaty of Sèvres.
La Catedral was a prison overlooking the city of Medellín, in Colombia.
Lac de Grand-Lieu is a lake located to the south-west of Nantes, in the Loire-Atlantique, France, and almost entirely in Saint-Philbert-de-Grand-Lieu.
Lake Abert (also known as Abert Lake) is a large, shallow, alkali lake in Lake County, Oregon, United States.
Lake Nokoué is a lake in the southern part of Benin.
Lancaster is a city in and the county seat of Grant County, Wisconsin, United States.
Land, sometimes referred to as dry land, is the solid surface of Earth that is not permanently covered by water.
Land use capability maps are maps created to represent the potential uses of a "unit" of land.
A landform is a natural feature of the solid surface of the Earth or other planetary body.
A landscape is the visible features of an area of land, its landforms and how they integrate with natural or man-made features.
Landscaping refers to any activity that modifies the visible features of an area of land, including.
Lanzhou New Area is a state-level new area (special economic and political administration zone) under the direct control of Lanzhou Municipal Government established in 2012.
Laprida Partido is a partido in central Buenos Aires Province in Argentina.
Lars Marius Bing Broch (1 April 1826 – 1 July 1882) was a Norwegian topographer, military officer and sports official.
Lauritz Weidemann (27 November 1775 – 1 August 1856) was a Norwegian judge, civil servant and politician.
Laurynas Gucevičius (Wawrzyniec Gucewicz; 1753–1798) was an 18th-century Lithuanian architect from the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, and most of his designs were built there.
Leath Cuinn (Conn's Half) and Leath Moga (Mugh's half) refers to a legendary ancient division of Ireland.
The Ledo Road (লিডু, လီဒိုလမ်းမကြီး) (from Ledo, Assam, India to Kunming, Yunnan, China) was an overland connection between India and China, built during World War II to enable the Western Allies to deliver supplies to China, to aid the war effort against Japan — as an alternative to the Burma Road became required, once that had been cut-off by the Japanese in 1942.
Lene Buhl-Mortensen (born 20 June 1956 in Esbjerg) is a Dano-Norwegian marine biologist.
Leonard Knyff or Leendert Knijff (10 August 1650, Haarlem - April 1722, London) was a Dutch draughtsman and painter.
Leonard G. Lee CM (July 17, 1938 – July 7, 2016) was a Canadian entrepreneur and founder of Lee Valley Tools and Canica Design.
Count Karl Konstantin Albrecht Leonhard (Leonhardt) Graf von Blumenthal (30 July 1810 – 21 December 1900) was a Prussian Field Marshal, chiefly remembered for his decisive intervention at the Battle of Königgrätz in 1866, his victories at Wörth and Weissenburg, and above all his refusal to bombard Paris in 1870 during the siege, which he directed.
The Lerderderg Gorge is in Victoria, Australia.
Leuke Kome (meaning, "white village") was a Nabataean port city located on the Incense Route.
The levant (Llevant, Levante, Lvant, Λεβάντες, Levante) is an easterly wind that blows in the western Mediterranean Sea and southern France, an example of mountain-gap wind.
Lewisiopsis tweedyi is a flowering plant and sole species in genus Lewisiopsis.
Lied Glacier is a glacier close north of Cape Arkona on the southwest side of Heard Island in the southern Indian Ocean.
Life on the Lagoons, which deals with the history and topography of the watery area around the city of Venice, is the first book by the Scottish historian Horatio Brown.
Periyar lift irrigation in Kadungallur, Kerala Lift irrigation is a method of irrigation in which water is not transported by natural flow, (as in gravity-fed canal) but is lifted with pumps or surge pools etc.
Lilabati Bhattacharjee (née Ray) was a mineralogist, crystallographer and a physicist.
Limestone is a sedimentary rock, composed mainly of skeletal fragments of marine organisms such as coral, forams and molluscs.
Limoux wine is produced around the city of Limoux in Languedoc in southwestern France.
Line 4 (Yellow) (Linha 4-Amarela) is a line of the São Paulo Metro, originally called Southeast-Southwest Line.
In topography, the line of greatest slope is a curve following the steepest slope.
A line source, as opposed to a point source, area source, or volume source, is a source of air, noise, water contamination or electromagnetic radiation that emanates from a linear (one-dimensional) geometry.
The following is a list of characters for the Altair: A Record of Battles series.
In the mountaineering parlance of the Western United States, a fourteener is a mountain peak with an elevation of at least.
California native plants are plants that existed in California prior to the arrival of European explorers and colonists in the late 18th century.
In the mountaineering parlance of the Western United States, a fourteener is a mountain peak with an elevation of at least 14,000 feet.
Edward Blore (1787–1879) was an English antiquarian, artist, and architect.
This article comprises four sortable tables of mountain summits of Canada that are the higher than any other point north or south of their latitude or east or west their longitude in Canada.
This article comprises four sortable tables of mountain summits of Central America that are the higher than any other point north or south of their latitude or east or west their longitude in the region.
This article comprises four sortable tables of mountain summits of Mexico that are the higher than any other point north or south of their latitude or east or west their longitude in Mexico.
This article comprises four sortable tables of mountain summits of greater North AmericaThis article defines greater North America as the portion of the continental landmass of the Americas extending westward and northward from the Isthmus of Panama plus the ocean islands surrounding that landmass.
This article comprises four sortable tables of major mountain summitsThis article defines a significant summit as a summit with at least of topographic prominence, and a major summit as a summit with at least of topographic prominence.
This article comprises four sortable tables of mountain summits of the Rocky Mountains of North America that are the higher than any other point north or south of their latitude or east or west their longitude in those mountains.
This article comprises four sortable tables of mountain summits of the United States that are higher than any other point north or south of their latitude or east or west of their longitude in the U.S. The summit of a mountain or hill may be measured in three principal ways.
This is a list of GIS data sources (including some geoportals) that provide information sets that can be used in geographic information systems (GIS) and spatial databases for purposes of geospatial analysis and cartographic mapping.
Category:Lists of words.
This is a list of hills in the Lake District.
This is a list of hills in the North Pennines.
This is a list of important publications in geology, organized by field.
Literary descriptions of cities (also known as urban descriptiones) form a literary genre that originated in Ancient Greek epideictic rhetoric.
Edward Blore (1787–1879) was an English antiquarian, artist, and architect.
This article comprises three sortable tables of major mountain peaksThis article defines a significant summit as a summit with at least of topographic prominence, and a major summit as a susexxleast of topographic prominence.
This article comprises three sortable tables of major mountain peaksThis article defines a significant summit as a summit with at least of topographic prominence, and a major summit as a summit with at least of topographic prominence.
This article comprises three sortable tables of major mountain peaksThis article defines a significant summit as a summit with at least of topographic prominence, and a major summit as a summit with at least of topographic prominence.
This article comprises three sortable tables of major mountain peaksThis article defines a significant summit as a summit with at least of topographic prominence, and a major summit as a summit with at least of topographic prominence.
This article comprises three sortable tables of the 13 major mountain peaks of the Hawaiian Islands and the U.S. State of Hawaiokinai.
The following list comprises the mountain ranges of U.S. State of California designated by the United States Board on Geographic Names and cataloged in the Geographic Names Information System.
The following table lists the major mountain ranges of the U.S. State of Colorado.
Albania is a small predominantly mountainous country between Southern and Southeastern Europe, facing the Adriatic and Ionian seas within the Mediterranean sea.
The vast majority of mountains in Canada lie in the western provinces of British Columbia, Alberta, and the Yukon Territory.
This list includes significant mountain peaks and high points located in the United States arranged alphabetically by state, district, or territory.
From List of National Natural Landmarks, these are the National Natural Landmarks in Puerto Rico.
The Rocky Mountains of North America include more than one thousand named mountain passes (topographic saddle points).
This is a list of the peaks in the Yorkshire Dales.
This is a partial list of sightings of alleged unidentified flying objects (UFOs), including reports of close encounters and abductions.
North Somerset is a unitary authority area in England.
Kent is a county in the south-eastern corner of England.
List of submarine topographical features, oceanic landforms and topographic elements.
254 counties of the State of Texas The following is a list of Texas county seat name etymologies, taken from the Handbook of Texas.
The following sortable table comprises the 150 highest mountain peaks of Canada with at least of topographic prominence.
The following sortable table comprises the 117 highest mountain peaks of the U.S. State of Colorado with at least of elevation and at least of topographic prominence.
The following sortable table comprises the 200 highest mountain peaks of greater North AmericaThis article defines greater North America as the portion of the continental landmass of the Americas extending westward and northward from the Isthmus of Panama plus the ocean islands surrounding that landmass.
The following sortable table comprises the 200 highest mountain peaks of the United States with at least of topographic prominence.
The following sortable table comprises the 230 mountain peaks of greater North AmericaThis article defines greater North America as the portion of the continental landmass of the Americas extending westward and northward from the Isthmus of Panama plus the ocean islands surrounding that landmass.
The following sortable table lists the 19 peaks of the Rocky Mountains of North America with at least of topographic isolation and at least of topographic prominence.
The following sortable table lists the 107 mountain peaks of the United States with at least of topographic isolation and at least of topographic prominence.
The following sortable table comprises the 46 mountain peaks of the U.S. State of California with at least of topographic elevation and at least of topographic prominence.
The following sortable table comprises the 401 mountain peaks of greater North AmericaThis article defines greater North America as the portion of the continental landmass of the Americas extending westward and northward from the Isthmus of Panama plus the ocean islands surrounding that landmass.
The following sortable table comprises the 184 peaks of the Rocky Mountains of North America with at least of elevation and at least of topographic prominence.
The following sortable table comprises the 302 mountain peaks of the United States with at least of topographic elevation and at least of topographic prominence.
The following sortable table comprises the 67 mountain peaks of Canada with at least of elevation and at least of topographic prominence.
The following sortable table comprises the 23 mountain peaks of the U.S. State of Alaska with at least of topographic elevation and at least of topographic prominence.
The following sortable table comprises the 16 mountain peaks of the U.S. State of California with at least of topographic elevation and at least of topographic prominence.
The following sortable table comprises the 124 mountain peaks of greater North AmericaThis article defines greater North America as the portion of the continental landmass of the Americas extending westward and northward from the Isthmus of Panama plus the ocean islands surrounding that landmass.
The following sortable table comprises the 62 peaks of the Rocky Mountains of North America with at least of elevation and at least of topographic prominence.
The following sortable table comprises the 104 mountain peaks of the United States with at least of topographic elevation and at least of topographic prominence.
The following sortable table comprises the 19 mountain peaks of Canada with at least of elevation and at least of topographic prominence.
The following sortable table comprises the 11 mountain peaks of greater North AmericaThis article defines greater North America as the portion of the continental landmass of the Americas extending westward and northward from the Isthmus of Panama plus the ocean islands surrounding that landmass.
The following sortable table comprises the 150 most topographically isolated mountain peaks of Canada with at least of topographic prominence.
The following sortable table comprises the 200 most topographically isolated mountain peaks of greater North AmericaThis article defines greater North America as the portion of the continental landmass of the Americas extending westward and northward from the Isthmus of Panama plus the ocean islands surrounding that landmass.
The following sortable table comprises the 200 most topographically isolated mountain peaks of the United States of America (excluding its territories) with at least of topographic prominence.
The following sortable table comprises the 150 most topographically prominent mountain peaks of Canada.
The following sortable table comprises the 100 most topographically prominent mountain peaks of the U.S. State of Colorado.
The following sortable table comprises the 200 most topographically prominent mountain peaks of greater North America.
The following sortable table comprises the 200 most topographically prominent mountain peaks of the United States of America.
The following sortable table comprises the 65 ultra-prominent summits of the U.S. State of Alaska.
The following sortable table comprises the 353 ultra-prominent summits of greater North America.
This is a list of U.S. counties that are named for rivers and streams.
The following sortable table comprises the 143 ultra-prominent summits of Canada.
The following sortable table comprises the 23 ultra-prominent summits of Central America.
The following sortable table comprises the 38 ultra-prominent summits of the nation of Greenland (Kalaallit Nunaat).
The following sortable table comprises the 26 ultra-prominent summits of México.
The following sortable tables comprise the 353 most topographically prominent mountain peaks of greater North America.
The following sortable table comprises the seven ultra-prominent summits on the islands of the Caribbean Sea.
The following sortable table comprises the 31 ultra-prominent summits of the Rocky Mountains of North America.
The following sortable table comprises the 128 ultra-prominent summits of the United States of America.
The Chief of Engineers is a principal Army staff officer at The Pentagon.
United States Navy ratings are general enlisted occupations used by the U.S. Navy from the 18th century, which consisted of specific skills and abilities.
The White Pass and Yukon Route railroad has had a large variety of locomotives and railroad cars.
† not study.
Edward Blore (1787–1879) was an English antiquarian, artist, and architect.
The so-called Lithuanian long currency was a type of money used by the Baltic tribes and in the early Grand Duchy of Lithuania in the 12th–15th centuries.
Liú Ān (c. 179–122 BC) was a Han dynasty Chinese prince and an advisor to his nephew, Emperor Wu of Han (武帝).
Llerena is a municipality located in the province of Badajoz, Extremadura, Spain.
Loftus Parish is a civil parish of Cowper County, New South Wales; a Cadastral division of New South Wales.
London Past and Present: Its History, Associations, and Traditions by Henry B. Wheatley is a topographical and historical dictionary of London streets and landmarks, published by John Murray in 1891, that is still regarded as a definitive work in its area.
Long Valley Caldera is a depression in eastern California that is adjacent to Mammoth Mountain.
The longleaf pine ecosystem is a diverse fire climax conifer pine dominate habitat that includes many rare plant and animal species found within the southeastern United States.
Lothal is one of the southernmost cities of the ancient Indus valley civilization, located in the Bhāl region of the modern state of Gujarāt and first inhabited 3700 BCE.
Louis-Noël Moresi (born 30 October 1965) is a Professor of Computational Mathematics & Geophysics at Monash University.
Louise Adams Holland (3 July 1893–21 June 1990) was a philologist, university teacher, academic and archaeologist.
Lucas Jacobsøn Debes (1623 in Stubbekøbing – 1675) was a Danish priest, topographer and celebrated writer about the Faroe Islands.
Lucos Cozza (born in Rome, Italy, on 11 April 1921 – 27 June 2011) was a Roman archaeologist.
Ludlow is a market town in Shropshire, England, south of Shrewsbury and north of Hereford via the main A49 road, which bypasses the town.
Franz Ludwig Baron von Welden (16 June 1780, Laupheim – 7 August 1853, Graz) was an Austrian army officer whose career culminated in becoming the commander-in-chief of the Austrian artillery.
The Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO) is a NASA robotic spacecraft currently orbiting the Moon in an eccentric polar mapping orbit.
Luterbach is a municipality in the district of Wasseramt in the canton of Solothurn in Switzerland.
The Lyons State Forest is a state forest located near the city of Staples in Wadena County, Minnesota.
The Mack NJU 5- to 6-ton 4x4 Ponton tractor (G639) was a semi-tractor designed to haul bridging equipment during World War II.
Macon County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois.
Mada'in Saleh (مدائن صالح, madāʼin Ṣāliḥ, "Cities of Saleh"), also called "Al-Hijr" or "Hegra", is an archaeological site located in the Sector of Al-`Ula within Al Madinah Region, the Hejaz, Saudi Arabia.
Madrid is a former town, now a part of the unorganized territory of East Central Franklin, in Franklin County, Maine, United States.
Maenan Abbey (formally: The Abbey Church of Saint Mary and All Saints; alternatively: Abaty Maenan, or Maynan Abbey; now Maenan Abbey Hotel) was a monastic religious house located in Maenan, Conwy, Wales.
Maffra Parish, New South Wales is a Bounded locality of Bourke Shire and a civil Parish of Cowper County, New South Wales, a cadasteral division of central New South Wales.
Maitland Volcano is a heavily eroded shield volcano that resides in the Northern Interior of British Columbia, Canada.
Mallee, also known as Roe Botanical District, is a biogeographic region in southern Western Australia.
The Manfred Wörner Foundation is a Bulgarian not-for-profit non-governmental organization established on 20 October 1994, and registered in 1996.
Mangalore, officially known as Mangaluru, is the chief port city of the Indian state of Karnataka.
Mangrove crabs are crabs that live among mangroves, and may belong to many different species and even families.
Manhattan is the most densely populated borough of New York City, its economic and administrative center, and its historical birthplace.
Manizales is a city and municipality in central Colombia.
A manor house was historically the main residence of the lord of the manor.
The Manuherikia Group is a fluvial-lacustrine sedimentary fill in the Central Otago region of New Zealand, at the site of the prehistoric Lake Manuherikia.
Marcus Baker (23 September 1849 – 12 December 1903) was an American naturalist, explorer of Alaska, journalist, and newspaper editor.
María Assumpció Català i Poch (Barcelona, 14 July 1925 – ib. 3 July 2009) was a Spanish professor, mathematician, and astronomer.
Marie Tharp (July 30, 1920 – August 23, 2006) was an American geologist and oceanographic cartographer who, in partnership with Bruce Heezen, created the first scientific map of the Atlantic Ocean floor.
The marine environment supplies many kinds of habitats that support marine life.
Marko Vego (January 8, 1907 – February 26, 1985) was a Bosnian and Herzegovinian archaeologist, epigrapher and historian.
Marojejy National Park is a national park in the Sava Region of northeastern Madagascar.
The Mars Observer spacecraft, also known as the Mars Geoscience/Climatology Orbiter, was a robotic space probe launched by NASA on September 25, 1992 to study the Martian surface, atmosphere, climate and magnetic field.
MOLA topographic images of the two hemispheres of Mars. This image appeared on the cover of ''Science'' magazine in May 1999. The Mars Orbiter Laser Altimeter (MOLA) was one of five instruments on the Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) spacecraft, which operated in Mars orbit from September 1997 to November 2006.
The Mars Polar Lander, also known as the Mars Surveyor '98 Lander, was a 290-kilogram robotic spacecraft lander launched by NASA on January 3, 1999 to study the soil and climate of Planum Australe, a region near the south pole on Mars.
Marsupial lawns are portions of land where the soil moisture is much higher than in the vegetation surrounding it.
Martin Snape (31 December 1852, Gosport – 24 November 1930) was an English painter who worked in a variety of media (oils, watercolours, engraving, etc.). He concentrated mainly on topographical subjects including landscapes from the Meon Valley, and shore and maritime scenes around Portsmouth Harbour and his home town of Gosport.
Martineau Place is a shopping centre located in the city centre of Birmingham, England.
Mary Barton is the first novel by English author Elizabeth Gaskell, published in 1848.
Maryland is a state in the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States, bordering Virginia, West Virginia, and Washington, D.C. to its south and west; Pennsylvania to its north; and Delaware to its east.
Maryland wine is wine made in the U.S. state of Maryland.
The Mascarene Islands or Mascarenes or Mascarenhas Archipelago is a group of islands in the Indian Ocean east of Madagascar consisting of Mauritius, Réunion and Rodrigues.
Mashuk (Машук) is an isolated mountain in the North Caucasus overlooking the city of Pyatigorsk in Stavropol Krai in Russia.
Massachusetts, officially known as the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, is the most populous state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.
The Maumee Torrent was a catastrophic draining of Lake Maumee, the ancestor of present-day Lake Erie, that occurred during the late Wisconsin glaciation, approximately 21,000 years ago.
Maurice Besnier (29 September 1873, Paris – 4 March 1933, Caen) was a French historian, who specialised in ancient geography and topography.
Typical Mawson Plateau terrain; rolling hills, with sparse vegetation interspersed with numerous eroded granite boulders. The Mawson Plateau is part of the northern Flinders Ranges, located on the Mount Freeling pastoral lease in South Australia, 140 km east of Lyndhurst and adjacent to the northeastern boundary of Arkaroola.
Mayenne is a department in northwest France named after the Mayenne River.
McConnelsville is a village in Morgan County, Ohio, United States.
The Medway Gap is a topographic feature in Medway near Rochester in South East England.
Medway Parish, New South Wales is a Bounded locality of Bogan Shire and a civil Parish of Cowper County, New South Wales, a cadasteral division of central New South Wales.
Meir Meivar (מאיר מיבר, born Meir Meiberg; Safed, Mandatory Palestine, 1918 – Jerusalem, Israel, 2000), was the Haganah commander of the city of Safed during the 1948 Arab–Israeli War.
Memphis Facula is a palimpsest, or "ghost crater", on Ganymede, the largest of the Jovian satellites.
The Mercedes-Benz W126 is a series of S-Class automobiles manufactured by Mercedes-Benz between 1979 and 1992.
Meridian is the sixth largest city in the state of Mississippi, United States.
Shadows on the Stars is a fantasy novel by T. A. Barron, published by Penguin Young Readers Group.
MesoWest is an ongoing cooperative project, started in 1996, to provide access to current and archive weather observations across the United States.
Cathedral of Saint Stephen of Metz (French: Cathédrale Saint Étienne de Metz), also known as Metz Cathedral, is a historic Roman Catholic cathedral in Metz, capital of Lorraine, France.
Michele Stefano de Rossi (30 October 1834, Rome – 23 October 1898, Rocca di Papa) was an Italian seismologist.
Microscopy is the technical field of using microscopes to view objects and areas of objects that cannot be seen with the naked eye (objects that are not within the resolution range of the normal eye).
A mid-ocean ridge (MOR) is an underwater mountain system formed by plate tectonics.
Barangay Milagrosa is one of the 14 urban barangays comprising the municipality of Carmona in the province of Cavite, Philippines.
The Military Geographic Service is a unit of the Bulgarian Armed Forces responsible for meeting the obligations of the Bulgarian Ministry of Defense in the field of cartography and geographic information.
Historically, Scotland has a long military tradition that predates the Act of Union with England.
Military science is the study of military processes, institutions, and behavior, along with the study of warfare, and the theory and application of organized coercive force.
Minggatu (Mongolian script:;, c.1692-c. 1763), full name Sharabiin Myangat (Шаравын Мянгат) was a Mongolian astronomer, mathematician, and topographic scientist at the Qing court.
Mining engineering is an engineering discipline that applies science and technology to the extraction of minerals from the earth.
The Mississippi Embayment is a physiographic feature in the south-central United States, part of the Mississippi Alluvial Plain.
The Mississippi Headwaters State Forest is a state forest located near the town of Wilton in Beltrami County, Minnesota.
The Missoula Floods (also known as the Spokane Floods or the Bretz Floods) refer to the cataclysmic floods that swept periodically across eastern Washington and down the Columbia River Gorge at the end of the last ice age.
The Mistassini River is a river in central Quebec, Canada, draining into the north-western portion of Lac Saint-Jean.
Mister Mind is a fictional character, a comic book supervillain created for Fawcett Comics, and now owned and published by DC Comics.
Mizque (from Quechua: misk'i, meaning "sweet") is a province in the Cochabamba Department, Bolivia.
The Mogollon Rim or) is a topographical and geological feature cutting across the U.S. state of Arizona. It extends approximately, starting in northern Yavapai County and running eastward, ending near the border with New Mexico. The Mogollon Rim is not to be confused with the Mogollon Mountains in New Mexico located somewhat east of the eastern end of the Rim. The official estimate of the eastern end is near Show Low, although some sources extend it farther east. See It forms the southern edge of the Colorado Plateau in Arizona.
Kenindee Parish, (Yanda County) in Cobar Shire is a civil parish of Yanda County a Cadastral division of New South Wales.
Mong or Mung (مونگ) is a town and Union Council of Mandi Bahauddin District in the Punjab province of Pakistan.
Montana is a state in the Northwestern United States.
Montfort (מבצר מונפור, Mivtzar Monfor; Arabic: Qal'at al-Qurain or Qal'at al-Qarn - "Castle of the Little Horn" or "Castle of the Horn") is a ruined Crusader castle in the Upper Galilee region in northern Israel, about northeast of the city of Haifa and south of the border with Lebanon.
Montgomery is a village located in Orange County, New York, United States, 60 (97 km) miles northwest of New York City, and 90 miles (140 km) southwest of Albany.
Montgomery is a town in Orange County, New York, United States.
Montrose House is a late 17th-century Grade II* listed building at 186 Petersham Road, Petersham in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames.
Moolort Parish is a remote civil Parish, of Irrara County, a cadasteral division of New South Wales.
The Moosberg is a 513.0 m high hill in the Solling range, which is located in southwestern Lower Saxony (Germany).
A moraine is any glacially formed accumulation of unconsolidated glacial debris (regolith and rock) that occurs in both currently and formerly glaciated regions on Earth (i.e. a past glacial maximum), through geomorphological processes.
"Morse function" redirects here.
The Motion Picture Patents Company (MPPC, also known as the Edison Trust), founded in December 1908 and terminated seven years later in 1915 after conflicts within the industry, was a trust of all the major USA film companies and local foreign-branches (Edison, Biograph, Vitagraph, Essanay, Selig Polyscope, Lubin Manufacturing, Kalem Company, Star Film Paris, American Pathé), the leading film distributor (George Kleine) and the biggest supplier of raw film stock, Eastman Kodak.
Motul de San José is an ancient Maya site located just north of Lake Petén Itzá in the Petén Basin region of the southern Maya lowlands.
A mound is a heaped pile of earth, gravel, sand, rocks, or debris.
Moundou is the second largest city in Chad and is the capital of the region of Logone Occidental.
The Algidus Mons, known in English as Mount Algidus, is the eastern rim of the dormant Alban Volcano in the Alban Hills, about southeast of Rome, in Italy.
Mount Everest, known in Nepali as Sagarmāthā and in Tibetan as Chomolungma, is Earth's highest mountain above sea level, located in the Mahalangur Himal sub-range of the Himalayas.
Mount Garibaldi is a potentially active stratovolcano in the Sea to Sky Country of British Columbia, north of Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.
Mount Noorat is a dormant volcano, situated on Glenormiston Road north of the township of Noorat, and approximately six kilometres north of Terang, Victoria, Australia.
Mount Oread is a hill in Lawrence, Kansas upon which the University of Kansas is located.
Mount Twynam is a mountain located on the Main Range, part of the Great Dividing Range, in the Snowy Mountains in New South Wales, Australia.
Mountains are widely distributed across the surface of Io, the innermost large moon of Jupiter.
Moyers is a small unincorporated community located in Pushmataha County, Oklahoma, United States.
Mucruss Parish (Irrara County), New South Wales is a remote civil Parish, of Irrara County, a cadasteral division of New South Wales.
Mulberry Bend was an area in the notorious Five Points neighborhood in lower Manhattan, New York City.
Mulgawarrina, New South Wales is a Bounded locality of Brewarrina Shire and a civil Parish of Cowper County, New South Wales, a cadasteral division of central New South Wales.
Mullaghanish (Mullach an Ois) is a 649 m high mountain in the Derrynasaggart range, located just northeast of Ballyvourney in County Cork, Ireland.
Mullan Road was the first wagon road to cross the Rocky Mountains to the Inland of the Pacific Northwest.
The Museo Correr is a museum in Venice, northern Italy.
The Museo delle Mura ("museum of the walls") is an archaeological museum in Rome, Italy.
The is a fictional setting in Nintendo's Mario series, where most of the games take place.
Muskeg (maskek; fondrière de mousse, lit. moss bog) is an acidic soil type common in Arctic and boreal areas, although it is found in other northern climates as well.
The Mutawakkilite Kingdom (المملكة المتوكلية), also known as the Kingdom of Yemen or, retrospectively, as North Yemen, was a state that existed between 1918 and 1962 in the northern part of what is now Yemen.
The cast of the television series MythBusters perform experiments to verify or debunk urban legends, old wives' tales, and the like.
In topography, a nadir is a point on a surface that is lower in elevation than all points immediately adjacent to it.
The Naning War, also known as the Naning conflict or the Naning revolt, occurred between 1831 and 1832 in the territories surrounding the city of Malacca.
Nanticoke is a city in Luzerne County, Pennsylvania, United States.
Nanuet is a hamlet and census-designated place in the town of Clarkstown, Rockland County, New York, United States.
Napoléon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French statesman and military leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led several successful campaigns during the French Revolutionary Wars.
Nathaniel Mountain is a mountain ridge that runs southwest northeast through Hampshire County in West Virginia's Eastern Panhandle, rising to its greatest elevation of above sea-level.
Nathaniel Southgate Shaler (February 20, 1841 – April 10, 1906) was an American paleontologist and geologist who wrote extensively on the theological and scientific implications of the theory of evolution.
The National Civil War Museum, located at One Lincoln Circle at Reservoir Park in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, is a permanent, nonprofit educational institution created to promote the preservation of material culture and sources of information that are directly relevant to the American Civil War of 1861–1865, and the aftermath period of the war as related to Civil War Veterans' service organizations, including the Grand Army of the Republic, United Confederate Veterans and the Daughters of the Confederacy to 1920.
The National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) is a specialised force constituted "for the purpose of specialist response to a threatening disaster situation or disaster" under the Disaster Management Act, 2005.
A national lidar dataset refers to a high-resolution lidar dataset comprising most—and ideally all—of a nation’s terrain.
National power is defined as the sum of all resources available to a nation in the pursuit of national objectives.
The National Topographic System or NTS (Système national de référence cartographique) is the system used by Natural Resources Canada for providing general purpose topographic maps of the country.
NATO Joint Military Symbology is the NATO standard for military map marking symbols.
Naval tactics is the collective name for methods of engaging and defeating an enemy ship or fleet in battle at sea during naval warfare, the naval equivalent of military tactics on land.
Navenby is a village and civil parish in Lincolnshire, England.
Neals Run is an unincorporated community in Hampshire County in the U.S. state of West Virginia.
In mathematics, a negative number is a real number that is less than zero.
Neilston (Neilstoun, Baile Nèill) is a village and parish in East Renfrewshire in the west central Lowlands of Scotland.
The Nemadji State Forest is a state forest located primarily in Pine County, Minnesota.
Nemegt can refer to.
Nephin or Nefin (Néifinn), at 806 metres (2646 ft), is the second-highest peak in Connacht (after Mweelrea), Ireland.
New England Tablelands (code NET),an interim Australian bioregion, is located mainly in New South Wales, data comprising, of which or 95.23 per cent of the bioregion lies within New South Wales; and the residual within Queensland.
The production of wine in New Jersey has increased significantly in the last thirty years with opening of new wineries.
Poplar Hill is a Baltimore neighborhood located near the Baltimore county line in Maryland, United States.
There are three outfall canals in New Orleans, Louisiana – the 17th Street, Orleans Avenue and London Avenue canals.
The New York metropolitan area, also referred to as the Tri-State Area, is the largest metropolitan area in the world by urban landmass, at 4,495 mi2 (11,642 km2).
Nicaea was a city in what is now the Punjab, one of the two cities founded by Alexander the Great on opposite sides of the Hydaspes river.
Niccolò Fontana Tartaglia (1499/1500, Brescia – 13 December 1557, Venice) was a Venetian mathematician, engineer (designing fortifications), a surveyor (of topography, seeking the best means of defense or offense) and a bookkeeper from the then-Republic of Venice (now part of Italy).
Nicholas Carlisle (York, England, 1771 – Margate, England, 27 August 1847) FRS, MRIA, K.H., D.C.L., was an English antiquary and librarian.
Nicholas Timothy Clerk (3 March 1930 – 22 September 2012) was a Ghanaian academic, public administrator and Presbyterian minister who served as the Rector of the Ghana Institute of Management and Public Administration (GIMPA), the country’s principal graduate school of public policy, public administration and governance.
Nicolas-Luton Durival (13 November 1713, Commercy – 21 December 1795, Heillecourt) was an 18th-century Lorrain civil servant, historian and geographer who became French after 1766.
Niels Hertzberg (13 August 1759 – 21 October 1841) was the Norwegian priest and politician.
Nigel Hamilton (born 16 February 1944) is an award-winning British-born biographer, academic, and broadcaster, whose works have been translated into sixteen languages.
Nikolai Nikolayevich Obruchev (1830–1904) was a General Staff Officer in the Imperial Russian Army, imperial Russian general staff officer, military statistician, planner and chief of the Main Staff.
The Nippon Decimal Classification (NDC, also called the Nippon Decimal System) is a system of library classification developed for mainly Japanese language books maintained by the Japan Library Association since 1956.
NOAAS Bell M. Shimada (R 227) is an American fisheries research ship in commission with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) since 2010.
NOAAS Henry B. Bigelow (R 225) is a fisheries research vessel operated by the United States' National Oceanic Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).
NOAAS Oscar Dyson (R 224) is an American fisheries and oceanographic research vessel in commission in the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) fleet since 2005.
NOAAS Pisces (R 226) is an American fisheries and oceanographic research vessel in commission in the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) fleet since 2009.
NOAAS Reuben Lasker is a National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) fishery research vessel.
NOAAS Whiting (S 329), was an American survey ship that was in commission in the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) from 1970 to 2003.
A noise barrier (also called a soundwall, noise wall, sound berm, sound barrier, or acoustical barrier) is an exterior structure designed to protect inhabitants of sensitive land use areas from noise pollution.
Sound pollution, also known as environmental noise or noise pollution, is the propagation of noise with harmful impact on the activity of human or animal life.
The Normandy Archaeological Project was a rescue excavation designed to preserve the archaeological history of the area before it became submerged by the construction of the Normandy Reservoir Dam through funding from the Tennessee Valley Authority.
The North American Cordillera is the North American portion of the American Cordillera which is a mountain chain (cordillera) along the western side of the Americas.
The North American Vertical Datum of 1988 (NAVD 88) is the vertical control datum of orthometric height established for vertical control surveying in the United States of America based upon the General Adjustment of the North American Datum of 1988.
The North Cascades are a section of the Cascade Range of western North America.
The drilling site of the North Greenland Ice Core Project (NGRIP or NorthGRIP) is near the center of Greenland (75.1 N, 42.32 W, 2917 m, ice thickness 3085).
The North Rupununi District in located in south-west Guyana consisting of a mixture of forest, savannah and wetlands ecosystems and is considered one of the most diverse areas in South America.
North–South express railway (Đường sắt cao tốc Bắc-Nam) is a proposed high speed railway in Vietnam.
The Northeast Arm Iron Range, also called the Temagami Iron Range, is an elongated area of iron ore in Nipissing District of Northeastern Ontario, Canada.
Northeast Georgia is a region of Georgia in the United States.
Norway (Norwegian: (Bokmål) or (Nynorsk); Norga), officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a unitary sovereign state whose territory comprises the western portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula plus the remote island of Jan Mayen and the archipelago of Svalbard.
Prior to the earthquake and tsunami of March 2011, Japan had generated 30% of its electrical power from nuclear reactors and planned to increase that share to 40%.
The Nullarbor Plain (Latin: nullus, "no", and arbor, "tree") is part of the area of flat, almost treeless, arid or semi-arid country of southern Australia, located on the Great Australian Bight coast with the Great Victoria Desert to its north.
Numurkah, New South Wales is a Bounded locality of Bourke Shire and a civil Parish of Cowper County, New South Wales, a cadasteral division of central New South Wales.
Nxai Pan is a large salt pan topographic depression which is part of the larger Makgadikgadi Pans in northeastern Botswana.
Oak Hill Park (OHP) is a residential subdivision located in the Oak Hill village of Newton, Middlesex County, Massachusetts.
Oaken Wood is a geological Site of Special Scientific Interest west of Maidstone in Kent.
Oakleigh South is a suburb in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 17 km south-east of Melbourne's central business district.
Oatka Creek is the third longest tributary of the Genesee River, located entirely in the Western New York region of the U.S. state of New York.
Obando (Bayan ng Obando) is a second class urban municipality in the province of Bulacan, Philippines.
Oberstaufenbach is an Ortsgemeinde – a municipality belonging to a Verbandsgemeinde, a kind of collective municipality – in the Kusel district in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany.
The Ocean Drive Historic District is a historic district that covers the long street of the same name along the southern shore of Newport, Rhode Island, United States.
Oceanic trenches are topographic depressions of the sea floor, relatively narrow in width, but very long.
The Office of Coast Survey is the official chartmaker of the United States.
State Route 638 (SR 638) is a two-lane north–south state highway in the west central portion of Ohio, a U.S. state.
Oil shale (põlevkivi) is a strategic energy resource that constitutes about 4% of Estonia's gross domestic product.
Olaf Nikolas Olsen (March 4, 1794 – December 19, 1848, also spelled Oluf Nicolai or Nicolaj) was a cartographer and an officer of the Danish army.
Olaf Swenson (December 16, 1883 – August 23, 1938) was a Seattle-based fur trader and adventurer active in Siberia and Alaska in the first third of the 20th century.
Old Sow is the largest tidal whirlpool in the Western Hemisphere, located off the southwestern shore of Deer Island, New Brunswick, Canada, and off the northeast shore of Moose Island, the principal island of Eastport, Maine.
Old World wine refers primarily to wine made in Europe but can also include other regions of the Mediterranean basin with long histories of winemaking such as North Africa and the Near East.
An old-growth forest — also termed primary forest, virgin forest, primeval forest, or late seral forest— is a forest that has attained great age without significant disturbance and thereby exhibits unique ecological features and might be classified as a climax community.
Oldham is a town in Greater Manchester, England, amid the Pennines and between the rivers Irk and Medlock, southeast of Rochdale and northeast of Manchester.
Ole Hannibal Sommerfelt (3 March 1753 – 6 April 1821) was a Norwegian jurist, civil servant and topographer.
The Oliver Barrett House is located on Reagan Road in the Town of North East, New York, United States, south of the village of Millerton.
Olomouc (locally Holomóc or Olomóc; Olmütz; Latin: Olomucium or Iuliomontium; Ołomuniec; Alamóc) is a city in Moravia, in the east of the Czech Republic.
Olympus Mons (Latin for Mount Olympus) is a very large shield volcano on the planet Mars.
Operation Musketoon was the codeword for an Anglo-Norwegian raid in the Second World War.
An optical flat is an optical-grade piece of glass lapped and polished to be extremely flat on one or both sides, usually within a few tens of nanometres (billionths of a meter).
Optical heterodyne detection is a method of extracting information encoded as modulation of the phase and/or frequency (wavelength) of electromagnetic radiation in the wavelength band of visible or infrared light.
Ordnance Survey of Northern Ireland (OSNI) was the official mapping agency of Northern Ireland.
Oregon Caves Historic District covers in the main visitor area of Oregon Caves National Monument in southern Oregon.
Within church architecture, orientation is an arrangement by which the point of main interest in the interior is towards the east (oriens).
An orienteering map is a map specially prepared for use in orienteering competitions.
Oro Valley, incorporated in 1974, is a suburban town located north of Tucson, Arizona, United States in Pima County.
An orthophoto, orthophotograph or orthoimage is an aerial photograph or image geometrically corrected ("orthorectified") such that the scale is uniform: the photo has the same lack of distortion as a map.
The OSIRIS-REx (Origins, Spectral Interpretation, Resource Identification, Security, Regolith Explorer) is a NASA asteroid study and sample-return mission.
, also known as Yamamoto Otokichi and later known as John Matthew Ottoson (1818 – January 1867), was a Japanese castaway originally from the area of Onoura near modern-day Mihama, on the west coast of the Chita Peninsula in Aichi Prefecture.
Otto Cuntz (10 September 1865, Stettin – 1 December 1932, Graz) was a German-Austrian classical historian, who specialized in ancient geography and topography.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to cartography: Cartography (also called mapmaking) – study and practice of making and using maps or globes.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to geography: Geography – study of earth and its people.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to natural science: Natural science – a major branch of science that tries to explain, and predict, nature's phenomena based on empirical evidence.
Ovalau (pronounced) is the sixth largest island in Fiji.
Pachydactylus austeni, commonly known as Austen's thick-toed gecko, is a species of small thick-toed gecko that is indigenous to the western coast of South Africa.
The Pakistan Army Corps of Engineers, (Urdu: ﺁرمى انجنيرينگ كور; Army Engineering Corps), is an active military administrative staff corps, and a major science and technology command of the Pakistan Army.
The location of the state of Utah Paleontology in Utah refers to paleontological research occurring within or conducted by people from the U.S. state of Utah.
Paleopedology (palaeopedology in the United Kingdom) is the discipline that studies soils of past geological eras, from quite recent (Quaternary) to the earliest periods of the Earth's history.
Palladian architecture is a European style of architecture derived from and inspired by the designs of the Venetian architect Andrea Palladio (1508–1580).
Pallikaranai wetland is a freshwater marsh in the city of Chennai, India.
The British North American Exploring Expedition, commonly called the Palliser expedition, explored and surveyed the open prairies and rugged wilderness of western Canada from 1857 to 1860.
The Palmach (Hebrew:, acronym for Plugot Maḥatz (Hebrew), lit. "strike forces") was the elite fighting force of the Haganah, the underground army of the Yishuv (Jewish community) during the period of the British Mandate for Palestine.
The Palo Verde National Park, in Spanish Parque Nacional Palo Verde is a National Park of Costa Rica, part of the Tempisque Conservation Area, that contains much of the area of the valley of the Tempisque River and covers an area of 45,492 acres in Guanacaste Province, 30 km west of Canas.
Pamfil Polonic (27 August 1858 – 17 April 1943) was a Romanian archaeologist and topographer.
The Pangani River (pin-gi'nee) (also called Luffu and Jipe Ruvu, especially in older sources, and probably once called Rhaptus) is a major river of northeastern Tanzania.
A panhandle hook (also called a pan handle hook or Texas hooker) is a relatively infrequent winter storm system whose cyclogenesis occurs in the South to southwestern United States from the late fall through winter and into the early spring months.
The Papagayo jet, also referred to as the Papagayo Wind or the Papagayo Wind Jet, are strong intermittent winds that blow approximately 70 km north of the Gulf of Papagayo, after which they are named.
Papakating Creek is a tributary of the Wallkill River located in Frankford and Wantage townships in Sussex County, New Jersey in the United States.
Pappobolus is a genus of flowering plant in the sunflower family native to the Andes Mountains of Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru.
Parastaseis syntomoi chronikai (Παραστάσεις σύντομοι χρονικαί, "brief historical notes") is an eighth- to ninth-century Byzantine text that concentrates on brief commentary connected to the topography of Constantinople and its monuments, notably its Classical Greek sculpture, for which it has been mined by art historians, in spite of its crabbed and elliptical Greek, full of solecisms, which has made interpretation ambiguous.
Delalah CountyBerawinia, New South Wales is a remote civil Parish, of the County of Delalah, a cadasteral division of New South Wales.
Delalah CountyCatombal Parish, New South Wales is a civil Parish, of the County of Delalah, a cadasteral division of New South Wales.
Delalah CountyCullamulcha, New South Wales is a civil Parish, of the County of Delalah, a cadasteral division of New South Wales.
Delalah CountyDelalah Parish is a remote civil Parish, of the County of Delalah a cadasteral division of New South Wales.
Delalah Southis a remote civil Parish, of the County of Delalah a cadasteral division of New South Wales.
Dowling Parish in Mouramba County, central New South Wales is a cadasteral parish of Australia.
Ellerslie Parish in Mouramba County, central New South Wales is a cadasteral parish of Australia.
Ellis Parish in Mouramba County, central New South Wales is a cadasteral parish of Australia.
Delalah CountyElsinora, New South Wales is a civil Parish, of the County of Delalah, a cadasteral division of New South Wales.
Erimeran Parish in Mouramba County, central New South Wales is a cadasteral parish of Australia.
Evans Parish in Mouramba County, central New South Wales is a cadasteral parish of Australia.
Flinders Parish in Mouramba County, central New South Wales is a cadasteral parish of Australia.
Fulton Parish in Mouramba County, central New South Wales is a cadasteral parish of Australia.
Goold Parish in Mouramba County, central New South Wales is a cadasteral parish of Australia.
Gwynne Parish in Mouramba County, central New South Wales is a cadasteral parish of Australia.
Hume Parish in Mouramba County, central New South Wales is a cadasteral parish of Australia.
Delalah CountyKillen, New South Wales is a civil Parish, of the County of Delalah, a cadasteral division of New South Wales.
Delalah CountyThoulcanna, New South Wales is a remote civil Parish, of the County of Delalah, a cadasteral division of New South Wales.
Timbrebongie is a cadastral parish and former village on the Macquarie River to the north of Narromine township in New South Wales, Australia.
Wallandra Parish in Cobar Shire is a civil parish of Rankin County, a Cadastral division of New South Wales.
Parvomay (Първомай) is a town Parvomay and the name of the Municipality (Parvomay Municipality) in Southern Bulgaria.
A pass, in spaceflight and satellite communications, is the period in which a satellite or other spacecraft is above the local horizon and available for radio communication with a particular ground station, satellite receiver, or relay satellite (or, in some cases, for visual sighting).
The Patria of Constantinople (Πάτρια Κωνσταντινουπόλεως), also regularly referred to by the Latin name Scriptores originum Constantinopolitarum ("writers on the origins of Constantinople"), are a Byzantine collection of historical works on the history and monuments of the Byzantine imperial capital of Constantinople (modern Istanbul, Turkey).
Paul Helbronner (24 April 1871 – 18 October 1938) was a French topographer, alpinist and geodesist who pioneered cartography of the French Alps.
Pazmiño is a Spanish language surname of Sephardi judaeo-converso origin, and originating in its present-day form in what is today Ecuador, formerly the Royal Audience of Quito.
Peak FM is a British independent local radio station in north Derbyshire, owned and operated by Wireless Group.
Pedogenesis (from the Greek pedo-, or pedon, meaning 'soil, earth,' and genesis, meaning 'origin, birth') (also termed soil development, soil evolution, soil formation, and soil genesis) is the process of soil formation as regulated by the effects of place, environment, and history.
Pedology (from Greek: πέδον, pedon, "soil"; and λόγος, logos, "study") is the study of soils in their natural environment.
Pedro Benoit (February 18, 1836 – April 4, 1897) was an Argentine architect, engineer, and urbanist best known for designing the layout of the city of La Plata.
Pedro Vicente Maldonado y Flores, (Riobamba, Royal Audience of Quito (today's Ecuador) November 24, 1704 – London, England, November 17, 1748) was a South-American scientist who collaborated with the members of the French Geodesic Mission.
Pelorus Sound / Te Hoiere is the largest of the sounds which make up the Marlborough Sounds at the north of the South Island, New Zealand.
Pench National Park or Tiger Reserve is one of the premier tiger reserves of India and the only one to straddle across two states - Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra.
Permaculture is a system of agricultural and social design principles centered around simulating or directly utilizing the patterns and features observed in natural ecosystems.
The Perquimans River is a coastal waterway in Northeastern North Carolina in the United States.
Perry Duke Maxwell (June 13, 1879 – November 15, 1952) was an American golf course architect.
The Peshtigo fire was a massive forest fire that took place on October 8, 1871, in and around Peshtigo, Wisconsin.
Peter Nicolas Cunningham FSA (1816–1869) was a British writer born in London, son of the Scottish author Allan Cunningham and his wife Jean (née Walker, 1791–1866).
Peter I Island (остров Петра I, Peter I Øy) is an uninhabited volcanic island in the Bellingshausen Sea, from Antarctica.
Peter Skalicky (born 25 April 1941 in Berlin, Germany) is the former rector of the Vienna University of Technology, Austria.
Peter Alfred Ziegler (November 2, 1928 – July 19, 2013) was a Swiss geologist, who made contributions to the understanding of the geological evolution of Europe and the North Atlantic borderlands, of intraplate tectonics and of plate tectonic controls on the evolution and hydrocarbon potential of sedimentary basins.
Petros Soumilas or Soumilis (Πέτρος Σουμίλας/Σουμίλης) was a Greek Army officer who reached the rank of Lieutenant General.
Petrus Gyllius or Gillius (or Pierre Gilles) (1490–1555) was a French natural scientist, topographer and translator.
In the United States, an environmental site assessment is a report prepared for a real estate holding that identifies potential or existing environmental contamination liabilities.
Philip F. Cohen (born September 3, 1950) is a Canadian clinical director of Nuclear Medicine working out of the Lions Gate Hospital in North Vancouver, British Columbia.
The former Philip Livingston Magnet Academy is located along Northern Boulevard in the West Hill neighborhood of Albany, New York, United States.
The Philippine Tarsier Foundation, Incorporated (PTFI) is a non-profit, non-stock corporation based in Tagbilaran City, Bohol, Philippines, established in 1996 to conserve, promote research and establish a sanctuary for the Philippine tarsier.
The culture of the ancient Phoenicians was one of the first to have had a significant effect on the history of wine.
Physaria obcordata is a rare species of flowering plant in the mustard family known by the common name Dudley Bluffs twinpod.
Physical model (most commonly referred to simply as a model but in this context distinguished from a conceptual model) is a smaller or larger physical copy of an object.
The physiographic regions of the world are a means of defining the Earth's landforms into distinct regions, based upon the classic three-tiered approach by Nevin Fenneman in 1916, that further defines landforms into: 1.
Phytogeomorphology is the study of how terrain features affect plant growth.
There is also a peak in the island of Annobón (Equatorial Guinea) named Pico do Fogo located northeast of Lago Mazafim (also known as Lago a Pot) Pico do Fogo is the highest peak of Cape Verde, rising to above sea level.
Pierre Gaspard (27 March 1834, Saint-Christophe-en-Oisans - 16 January 1915, Saint-Christophe-en-Oisans) This page incorrectly gives Gaspard's year of death as 1917.
The Pietroasele Treasure (or the Petrossa Treasure) found in Pietroasele, Buzău, Romania, in 1837, is a late fourth-century Gothic treasure that included some twenty-two objects of gold, among the most famous examples of the polychrome style of Migration Period art.
The Pilkington Library is the academic library at Loughborough University, situated in the West Park of the university campus at Loughborough, Leicestershire, in the East Midlands of England.
The Pine Island State Forest is a Minnesota state forest located primarily in Koochiching County, although there are portions that extend into Beltrami, Lake of the Woods, and Itasca counties.
The Pine Ridge Indian Reservation (Wazí Aháŋhaŋ Oyáŋke), also called Pine Ridge Agency, is an Oglala Lakota Native American reservation located in the U.S. state of South Dakota.
Pioneer P-31 (also known as Atlas-Able 5B or Pioneer Z) was intended to be a lunar orbiter probe, but the mission failed shortly after launch.
Pizza Frenzy is an arcade-style pizza delivery game written by Sprout Games and published by PopCap Games.
Place names in Palestine have been the subject of much scholarship and contention, particularly in the context of the Arab–Israeli conflict.
A plan is typically any diagram or list of steps with details of timing and resources, used to achieve an objective to do something.
Planet Earth is a seven-episode 1986 PBS television documentary series focusing on the Earth, narrated by Richard Kiley.
Planetary cartography, or cartography of extraterrestrial objects (CEO), is the cartography of solid objects outside of the Earth.
A planetary surface is where the solid (or liquid) material of the outer crust on certain types of astronomical objects contacts the atmosphere or outer space.
A plant community (sometimes "phytocoenosis" or "phytocenosis") is a collection or association of plant species within a designated geographical unit, which forms a relatively uniform patch, distinguishable from neighboring patches of different vegetation types.
Plate tectonics (from the Late Latin tectonicus, from the τεκτονικός "pertaining to building") is a scientific theory describing the large-scale motion of seven large plates and the movements of a larger number of smaller plates of the Earth's lithosphere, since tectonic processes began on Earth between 3 and 3.5 billion years ago.
A Playscape (’plā, skāp) is a playful landscape characterised by the occurrence of enjoyment by the public and all those that interact with it.
Pluto (Latin: Plūtō; Πλούτων) was the ruler of the underworld in classical mythology.
The Plymouth Coastal Observatory (PCO) is the data management centre for the South West Regional Coastal Monitoring Programme.
Poggio Catino is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Rieti in the Italian region Latium, located about northeast of Rome and about southwest of Rieti.
A point bar is a depositional feature made of alluvium that accumulates on the inside bend of streams and rivers below the slip-off slope.
The Point Cook Coastal Park covers an area of and includes the Cheetham Wetlands.
Polar 3 was a Dornier Do 228 owned and operated by the Alfred Wegener Institute that was shot down south of Dakhla, Western Sahara by guerrillas of the Polisario Front on 24 February 1985.
The Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, formally the Crown of the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, after 1791 the Commonwealth of Poland, was a dualistic state, a bi-confederation of Poland and Lithuania ruled by a common monarch, who was both the King of Poland and the Grand Duke of Lithuania.
Pondicherry (or; French: Pondichéry) is the capital city and the largest city of the Indian union territory of Puducherry.
The Portuguese Bend region is the largest area of natural vegetation remaining on the Palos Verdes Peninsula, in Los Angeles County, California.
Powermonger (or Power Monger) is a real-time strategy game developed by Bullfrog in 1990, derived from the Populous engine but presented using a 3-dimensional game map.
Prevailing winds are winds that blow predominantly from a single general direction over a particular point on the Earth's surface.
The Prince Edward Islands are two small islands in the sub-antarctic Indian Ocean that are part of South Africa.
A probe tip in scanning microscopy literally is a very sharp piece of metal or non-metal, like a sewing needle with a point at one end with nano or sub-nanometer order of dimension.
Protostar: War on the Frontier is a 1993 science fiction video game produced by Tsunami Media that blends elements of role-playing, space exploration, space combat, and strategy.
Prymorske or Prymorskoe (Приморське; Приморское; Jibrieni) is a small seaside village in Ukraine.
Pseudocalotes austeniana, commonly known as the Abor Hills agama or Annandale's dragon, is a rare species of agamid lizard endemic to Asia.
Psyche is a planned orbiter mission that will explore the origin of planetary cores by studying the metallic asteroid.
Claudius Ptolemy (Κλαύδιος Πτολεμαῖος, Klaúdios Ptolemaîos; Claudius Ptolemaeus) was a Greco-Roman mathematician, astronomer, geographer, astrologer, and poet of a single epigram in the Greek Anthology.
Pyotr Nikolayevich Petrov (Пётр Николаевич Петров, 1 July 1827, Saint Petersburg, Imperial Russia, — 10 April 1891, Saint Petersburg, Imperial Russia) was a Russian writer, arts historian and critic, genealogist, bibliographer, an honourable member of the Imperial Academy of Arts and a member of the Russian Archeological Society.
Pyrogeography is the study of the past, present, and projected distribution of wildfire.
The Pyrotron is a device designed to help firefighters better understand how to combat the rapid spread of bush fires in Australia.
Qiupu is a small subdistrict of Chizhou city in southcentral Anhui province, China.
Queen Anne Hill is an affluent neighborhood and geographic feature in Seattle, northwest of downtown.
The Queen Elizabeth II Wildlands Provincial Park is a provincial park in south-central Ontario, Canada, between Gravenhurst and Minden.
Queenhithe is a small and ancient ward of the City of London, situated by the River Thames and to the south of St. Paul's Cathedral.
Queer theory is a field of critical theory that emerged in the early 1990s out of the fields of queer studies and women's studies.
The Racer is a wooden roller coaster located at Kennywood Park, in West Mifflin, Pennsylvania, near Pittsburgh.
Radioglaciology is the study of glaciers and ice sheets using radar.
Raphael Fabretti (1618 – January 7, 1700) was an Italian antiquarian.
Raking light, the illumination of objects from a light source at an oblique angle or almost parallel to the surface, provides information on the surface topography and relief of the artefact thus lit.
Rakino Island is one of the many islands in the Hauraki Gulf, an arm of the Pacific Ocean to the northeast of Auckland, New Zealand.
Ramdhari Singh 'Dinkar' (23 September 1908 – 24 April 1974) was an Indian Hindi poet, essayist, patriot and academic, who is considered as one of the most important modern Hindi poets.
Randolph is a rural unincorporated community in Tipton County, Tennessee, United States, located on the banks of the Mississippi River.
In video games, a random map is a map generated randomly by the computer, usually in strategy games.
Rattlesnakes are a group of venomous snakes of the genera Crotalus and Sistrurus of the subfamily Crotalinae (the pit vipers).
Rayagada is a municipality in Rayagada district in the Indian state of Odisha.
Rayagada is a mineral-rich district in the southern part of the state of Odisha, in India.
Raymond Chevallier (21 June 1929 – 30 November 2004) was a French historian, archaeologist and Latinist.
Rear Admiral Raymond Stanton Patton (29 December 1882 – 25 November 1937) was the second Director of the United States Coast and Geodetic Survey and a career officer in the United States Coast and Geodetic Survey Corps, predecessor of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Commissioned Officer Corps.
Reading is a large, historically important minster town in Berkshire, England, of which it is the county town.
A red flag warning is a forecast warning issued by the United States National Weather Service to inform area firefighting and land management agencies that conditions are ideal for wildland fire combustion, and rapid spread.
The Red Lake State Forest is a Minnesota state forest located primarily in Beltrami County, although portions extend into Koochiching County.
The red panda (Ailurus fulgens), also called the lesser panda, the red bear-cat, and the red cat-bear, is a mammal native to the eastern Himalayas and southwestern China.
Reef Life Survey is a marine life monitoring programmeStaff, RLS website home page http://reeflifesurvey.com/ based in Hobart, Tasmania.
Regenerative agriculture (RA) is an approach to food and farming systems that rejects pesticides, artificial fertilizers and claims to regenerate topsoil, increase biodiversity, improve water cycles, enhance ecosystem services, increase resilience to climate fluctuation and strengthen the health and vitality of farming and ranching communities.
There are a variety of schema for dividing Wisconsin into regions.
Regrading is the process of grading for raising and/or lowering the levels of land.
In copyright law, related rights (or neighbouring rights) are the rights of a creative work not connected with the work's actual author.
Remote sensing in geology is remote sensing used in the geological sciences as a data acquisition method complementary to field observation, because it allows mapping of geological characteristics of regions without physical contact with the areas being explored.
Replication, in metallography, is the use of thin plastic films to nondestructively duplicate the microstructure of a component.
A reservoir (from French réservoir – a "tank") is a storage space for fluids.
Residence Park is a historic community located in the city of New Rochelle, in Westchester County, New York.
Reverie is an unincorporated community in Tipton County, Tennessee, United States.
Rhinoplasty (ῥίς rhis, nose + πλάσσειν plassein, to shape), commonly known as a nose job, is a plastic surgery procedure for correcting and reconstructing the form, restoring the functions, and aesthetically enhancing the nose by resolving nasal trauma (blunt, penetrating, blast), congenital defect, respiratory impediment, or a failed primary rhinoplasty.
Richard Fenton (1747–1821) was a Welsh lawyer, topographer and poet.
Richard Gough (21 October 1735 – 20 February 1809) was a prominent and influential English antiquarian.
Richard Henry Wilde (September 24, 1789 – September 10, 1847) was a United States Representative and lawyer from Georgia.
Richard Urquhart Goode (December 8, 1858 – June 9, 1903) was an American geographer.
Richmond Gulf (Lac Guillaume-Delisle; script (which resembles a lake)) is a large triangular-shaped inland bay located on east side of Hudson Bay just above 56th parallel north in Quebec, Canada.
Rim Drive is a scenic highway in Crater Lake National Park in southern Oregon.
A rip current, often simply called a rip, or by the misnomer rip tide, is a specific kind of water current which can occur near beaches with breaking waves.
Ritchie's Archipelago is a cluster of smaller islands which lie east of Great Andaman, the main island group of the Andaman Islands.
A river is a natural flowing watercourse, usually freshwater, flowing towards an ocean, sea, lake or another river.
This page discusses the rivers and hydrography of the state of New South Wales, Australia.
This page discusses the rivers and hydrography of the state of Queensland, Australia.
Rivers State, also known simply as Rivers, is one of the 36 states of Nigeria.
A road map or route map is a map that primarily displays roads and transport links rather than natural geographical information.
Roads in Azerbaijan are the main transport network in Azerbaijan.
Roaring Creek is a tributary of the Susquehanna River in Columbia County and Montour County, in Pennsylvania, in the United States.
Sir Robert Atkyns (1647–1711) was a topographer, antiquary, and Member of Parliament.
Robert Mudie (1777–1842) was a newspaper editor and author.
Robot Chicken: Star Wars Episode II is a 2008 episode of the television comedy series Robot Chicken, and the sequel to the Annie Award winning Robot Chicken Star Wars, which aired as a one-off special during Cartoon Network's Adult Swim block on November 16, 2008.
Rocha is a Portuguese language surname.
"Rocket" is a song by American recording artist Beyoncé from her fifth studio album, Beyoncé (2013).
First developed in 1985 by RockWare Inc, RockWorks is used by the mining, petroleum, and environmental industry for subsurface visualization, borehole database management as well as the creation of grids, solid models, calculating volumetric analysis, etc.
The Rocky Mountain Trench, also known as The Valley of a Thousand Peaks or simply the Trench, is a large valley in the northern part of the Rocky Mountains.
ROF Glascoed (today BAE Systems Munitions Glascoed) was initially a UK government-owned, Royal Ordnance Factory (ROF).
The Diocese of Imus (Dioecesis Imusensis) comprises the entire province of Cavite.
Rosemary Anne Lauder (living in 2015), of North Devon, England, is a historian of the county Devonshire.
The Rosgen Stream Classification is a system for natural rivers in which morphological arrangements of stream characteristics are organized into relatively homogeneous stream typesRosgen, David L. 1994.
The Royal Lodge is a Grade II listed house in Windsor Great Park in Berkshire, England, half a mile north of Cumberland Lodge and south of Windsor Castle.
Rudolf Leuzinger (Netstal, December 17 1826 - Mollis, January 11 1896) was a Swiss cartographer.
Rudolph Ackermann (20 April 1764 in Schneeberg, Electorate of Saxony – 30 March 1834 in Finchley, London) was an Anglo-German bookseller, inventor, lithographer, publisher and businessman.
Runnymede Parish, New South Wales is a Bounded locality of Bogan Shire and a civil Parish of Cowper County, New South Wales, a cadasteral division of central New South Wales.
Russell Parish, New South Wales is a Bounded locality of Brewarrina Shire and a civil Parish of Cowper County, New South Wales.
Ruth Patricia Shellhorn (1909-2006) was a Los Angeles-based landscape architect of the post-war era.
RV Gloria Michelle, sometimes rendered as R/V Gloria Michelle, is an American fisheries research vessel in non-commissioned service in the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) fleet since 1980.
Ryszard Zakrzewski was a Polish traveler, topographer, and an officer in the Russian Army who lived in the 19th century.
Sabkha (Arabic: سبخة) is a phonetic translation of the Arabic word used to describe any form of salt flat.
As opposed to holy water, water elevated with the sacramental blessing of a cleric (Altman 2002:131), sacred waters are characterized by tangible topographical land formations such as rivers, lakes, springs, and oceans.
The saddle between two hills (or mountains) is the region surrounding the highest point of the lowest point on the line tracing the drainage divide (the col) connecting the peaks.
A sag pond is a body of fresh water collected in the lowest parts of a depression formed between two sides of an active strike-slip, transtensional or normal fault zone.
The Parish of Saint Peter ("St. Peter") is one of eleven parishes in the Caribbean island country of Barbados.
The Sajama Lines of western Bolivia are a network of thousands (possibly tens of thousands) of nearly perfectly straight paths etched into the ground continuously for more than 3,000 years by the indigenous people living near the volcano Sajama.
was the isolationist foreign policy of the Japanese Tokugawa shogunate under which relations and trade between Japan and other countries were severely limited, nearly all foreigners were barred from entering Japan, and common Japanese people were kept from leaving the country for a period of over 220 years.
Salford is a town in the City of Salford, North West England.
A salient is an elongated protrusion of a geopolitical entity, such as a subnational entity or a sovereign state.
A salt marsh or saltmarsh, also known as a coastal salt marsh or a tidal marsh, is a coastal ecosystem in the upper coastal intertidal zone between land and open saltwater or brackish water that is regularly flooded by the tides.
Salvatore Domenic Morgera is Tau Beta Pi Eminent Engineer, Professor of Electrical Engineering, Professor of Biomedical Engineering and Director of the C4ISR Defense & Intelligence and Bioengineering Laboratories at the University of South Florida and Professor Emeritus at Florida Atlantic University.
Samuel Stinson Gannett (February 10, 1861 – August 5, 1939) was an American geographer, topographer, and cartographer.
Samuel Garbet (d. 1751?) was an English topographer.
Samuel Lewis (c.1782 – 1865) was the editor and publisher of topographical dictionaries and maps of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
The alleged finding of human remains, designated San Geronimo, in 1853 afforded striking confirmation of an incident recorded by a Spanish Benedictine named Diego de Haedo, who published a topography and history of Algiers in 1612.
San Jacinto Peak (often designated Mount San Jacinto, pronounced or) is the highest peak of the San Jacinto Mountains, and of Riverside County, California.
San Joaquin is an officially designated state insignia, the state soil of the U.S. state of California.
A sand forest is a type of rare subtropical forest region, distinctive due to its unique combination of plant (often rare plant) and animal species, and their restriction to ancient coastal dunes.
A sandplain is an area where the soil is sand deposited from elsewhere by processes such as wind or ocean, rather than direct weathering of bedrock.
Sandstone is a clastic sedimentary rock composed mainly of sand-sized (0.0625 to 2 mm) mineral particles or rock fragments.
The Sarir Field was discovered in southern Cyrenaica during 1961 and is considered to be the largest oil field in Libya, with estimated oil reserves of.
Saturnino Canaveri (1855–1939) was an Argentine military man, who served as officer of the 2nd Cavalry Regiment, participating in the actions against the Indians during the Conquest of the Desert.
The Saw Mill River is a tributary of the Hudson River in Westchester County, New York, United States.
Sawantwadi (मराठी: सावंतवाडी) is a taluka (a unit of administration) in the Sindhudurg district in the Indian state of Maharashtra.
Saxil Tuxen (1885–1975) was an influential surveyor and town planner in Melbourne, Australia, during the interwar periods.
A Saxon milepost (kursächsische Postmeilensäule, colloquially sächsische Postmeilensäule or Postsäule) was a milepost in the former Electorate of Saxony that gave distances expressed as journey times to the nearest eighth of an hour.
São Bento do Sapucaí is a Brazilian municipality in São Paulo state.
Søren Pedersen Abildgaard (18 February 1718 – 2 July 1791) was a Danish naturalist, writer and illustrator.
Scanning electrochemical microscopy (SECM) is a technique within the broader class of scanning probe microscopy (SPM) that is used to measure the local electrochemical behavior of liquid/solid, liquid/gas and liquid/liquid interfaces.
A scanning electron microscope (SEM) is a type of electron microscope that produces images of a sample by scanning the surface with a focused beam of electrons.
Schiaparelli EDM lander was the Entry, Descent and Landing Demonstrator Module (EDM) of the ExoMars programme—a joint mission of the European Space Agency (ESA) and the Russian space agency Roscosmos.
Schmidt Glacier is a glacier, 0.7 nautical miles (1.3 km) long, flowing west from Baudissin Glacier between Mount Drygalski and North West Cornice, on the west side of Heard Island in the southern Indian Ocean.
The Highlands (the Hielands; A’ Ghàidhealtachd, "the place of the Gaels") are a historic region of Scotland.
The Scottish National Antarctic Expedition (SNAE), 1902–04, was organised and led by William Speirs Bruce, a natural scientist and former medical student from the University of Edinburgh.
The Diocese of Scythopolis is a titular see in Israel/Jordan and was the Metropolitan of the Roman province of Palestina II.
A sea is a large body of salt water that is surrounded in whole or in part by land.
Mean sea level (MSL) (often shortened to sea level) is an average level of the surface of one or more of Earth's oceans from which heights such as elevations may be measured.
The Sea Level Datum of 1929 was the vertical control datum established for vertical control surveying in the United States of America by the General Adjustment of 1929.
Seabrook is an unincorporated community and census-designated place (CDP) in Prince George's County, Maryland, about east of Washington, D.C. As of the 2010 census, the population of the CDP was 17,287.
Seafloor mapping, also called seabed imaging, is the measurement of water depth of a given body of water.
Seam Zone (מרחב התפר) is a term used to refer to a land area in the West Bank located east of the Green Line and west of Israel's separation barrier, populated largely by Israelis in settlements such as Alfei Menashe, Ariel, Beit Arye, Modi'in Illit, Giv'at Ze'ev, Ma'ale Adumim, Beitar Illit and Efrat.
Seasat was the first Earth-orbiting satellite designed for remote sensing of the Earth's oceans and had on board the first spaceborne synthetic aperture radar (SAR).
Sebastian Finsterwalder (4 October 1862 – 4 December 1951) was a German mathematician and glaciologist.
In United States aviation, a sectional chart, often called sectional for short, is a type of aeronautical chart designed for navigation under visual flight rules.
Sedan Crater is the result of the Sedan nuclear test and is located within the Nevada Test Site, southwest of Groom Lake, Nevada (Area 51).
Seibal, known as El Ceibal in Spanish, is a Classic Period archaeological site of the Maya civilization located in the northern Petén Department of Guatemala, about 100 km SW of Tikal.
Selenography is the study of the surface and physical features of the Moon.
Selenography is the fourth studio album by American post-rock band Rachel's.
Sempringham Priory was a priory in Lincolnshire, England, located in the medieval hamlet of Sempringham, to the northwest of Pointon.
Sentinel-3 is an Earth observation satellite constellation developed by the European Space Agency as part of the Copernicus Programme.
Sergei Mikhailovich Golitsyn (Серге́й Михайлович Голицын; — 7 November 1989) was a Russian writer.
Severe weather refers to any dangerous meteorological phenomena with the potential to cause damage, serious social disruption, or loss of human life.
Sha'ar HaGai (שער הגיא) in Hebrew, or Bab al-Wad in Arabic (באב אל-ואד, باب الواد or باب الوادي), lit.
Shafi (الشافي) is a town of Basrah Governorate in southern Iraq, on the west bank of the Shatt Al-Arab River.
Shani Mootoo, writer, visual artist and video maker, was born in Dublin, Ireland, in 1957 to Trinidadian parents.
The Shawangunk Grasslands National Wildlife Refuge is a wildlife refuge located in Ulster County, New York, United States.
The Shebenik-Jabllanicë National Park (Parku Kombëtar Shebenik-Jabllanicë) is a national park in eastern Albania adjacent to the border with the Republic of Macedonia.
Domestic sheep (Ovis aries) are quadrupedal, ruminant mammal typically kept as livestock.
Sheffield Outer Ring Road is one of two main routes circumventing Sheffield, England, a partial ring around Sheffield City Centre and its suburbs.
Shen Kuo (1031–1095), courtesy name Cunzhong (存中) and pseudonym Mengqi (now usually given as Mengxi) Weng (夢溪翁),Yao (2003), 544.
Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj, founder of Maratha empire in western India in 1664, was well known for his forts; he was in possession of around 370 at the time of his death.
A shore or a shoreline is the fringe of land at the edge of a large body of water, such as an ocean, sea, or lake.
The Short Hills Bench is a sub-appellation of the Niagara Peninsula (St. Catharines, Ontario, Canada).
The Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) is an international research effort that obtained digital elevation models on a near-global scale from 56° S to 60° N, to generate the most complete high-resolution digital topographic database of Earth prior to the release of the ASTER GDEM in 2009.
Sicilian Baroque is the distinctive form of Baroque architecture which evolved on the island of Sicily, off the southern coast of Italy, in the 17th and 18th centuries, when it was part of the Spanish Empire.
Sidney is a town located at the northern end of the Saanich Peninsula, on Vancouver Island in the Canadian province of British Columbia.
In telecommunications, particularly in radio frequency, signal strength (also referred to as field strength) refers to the transmitter power output as received by a reference antenna at a distance from the transmitting antenna.
Silver Star Mountain is an extinct volcano in the southwestern Cascade Mountains in the U.S. state of Washington, named for the pattern of five prominent ridges that radiate from the summit in the shape of a star.
Silviculture is the practice of controlling the establishment, growth, composition, health, and quality of forests to meet diverse needs and values.
Simeon Ackroyd Shaw (1785-1859) was a 19th century English scientific writer, industrial historian and teacher.
The city of Simi Valley (from the Chumash word, Shimiyi), in the eponymous valley, is in the southeast corner of Ventura County, California, United States, from Downtown Los Angeles, making it part of the Greater Los Angeles Area.
The Sind River or the Sindh River is a river in the Ganderbal district of Jammu and Kashmir state of India.
Sino-Roman relations comprised the mostly indirect contact, flow of trade goods, information, and occasional travellers between the Roman Empire and Han Empire of China, as well as between the later Eastern Roman Empire and various Chinese dynasties.
The Sitgreaves Expedition Down the Zuni and Colorado Rivers in 1851 was a combined American scientific and military mission to explore the Zuni River, the Little Colorado River and the Colorado River in 1851.
The Skagit River is a river in southwestern British Columbia in Canada and northwestern Washington in the United States, approximately 150 mi (240 km) long.
Skinnand is a deserted medieval village in Lincolnshire, England.
Slabinja (Szlabina; Слабиња) is a village in the Sisak-Moslavina County in central part of Croatia.
A slough is a wetland, usually a swamp or shallow lake, often a backwater to a larger body of water.
Slum networking is a holistic approach for improving urban infrastructure, developed by Himanshu Parikh of Ahmedabad, India.
A slump is a form of mass wasting that occurs when a coherent mass of loosely consolidated materials or rock layers moves a short distance down a slope.
Snarøya is a populated peninsula in the inner Oslofjord in Norway.
SOCET SET is a software application that performs functions related to photogrammetry.
The Appalachian region of the Eastern United States is home to over 25 million people and covers parts of mostly mountainous areas of 13 states, including Mississippi, Alabama, Pennsylvania, New York, Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, Kentucky, Ohio, Maryland, and the entire state of West Virginia.
Soil is a mixture of organic matter, minerals, gases, liquids, and organisms that together support life.
Soil carbon includes both inorganic carbon as carbonate minerals, and as soil organic matter.
Soil salinity control relates to controlling the problem of soil salinity and reclaiming salinized agricultural land.
Solar access is the ability of one property to continue to receive sunlight across property lines without obstruction from another’s property (buildings, foliage or other impediment).
The Somerset Levels are a coastal plain and wetland area of Somerset, South West England, running south from the Mendips to the Blackdown Hills.
Source of the Nile is a board game by Ross Maker and David Wesely.
South America is a continent in the Western Hemisphere, mostly in the Southern Hemisphere, with a relatively small portion in the Northern Hemisphere.
South Branch Mountain is a mountain ridge that runs southwest to northeast through Hampshire and Hardy counties in the Eastern Panhandle of the U.S. state of West Virginia, rising to its greatest elevation of 3,028 feet (923 m) above sea-level in the Nathaniel Mountain Wildlife Management Area.
The South Eastern Highlands is an interim Australian bioregion in eastern Australia, that spans parts of the states and territories of New South Wales, the Australian Capital Territory, and Victoria.
South Ferry/Whitehall Street is a New York City Subway station complex in the Manhattan neighborhood of Financial District, under Battery Park.
South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands (SGSSI) is a British Overseas Territory in the southern Atlantic Ocean.
The South Pole–Queen Maud Land Traverse (SPQMLT) was a three-part scientific exploration of Antarctica undertaken by the United States in the 1960s.
The Southwest Amazon moist forests (NT0166) is an ecoregion located in the Upper Amazon basin.
Spanish Sahara (Sahara Español; الصحراء الإسبانية As-Sahrā'a Al-Isbānīyah), officially the Overseas Province of the Spanish Sahara, was the name used for the modern territory of Western Sahara when it was occupied and ruled as a territory by Spain between 1884 and 1975.
Spatial heterogeneity is a property generally ascribed to a landscape or to a population.
The earliest reliably documented mention of the spherical Earth concept dates from around the 6th century BC when it appeared in ancient Greek philosophy but remained a matter of speculation until the 3rd century BC, when Hellenistic astronomy established the spherical shape of the Earth as a physical given.
Spin-polarized scanning tunneling microscopy (SP-STM) is a specialized application of scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) that can provide detailed information of magnetic phenomena on the single-atom scale additional to the atomic topography gained with STM.
The Sri Lanka lowland rain forests represents Sri Lanka's Tropical rainforests below in elevation in the southwestern part of the island.
St Eleth's Church, Amlwch is a parish church built in the Neo-classical style in 1800 in Amlwch, a town on the island of Anglesey in north Wales.
St Gobhan has long been historically linked with the parish of Seagoe – Teach dho-Ghobha in County Armagh, Ireland.
St Mary's Parish Church is a Church of England church situated at the western end of Church Road in Hanwell, London.
Stand Still, Stay Silent is a Finnish-Swedish webcomic started by Minna Sundberg in 2013.
The Stavelot Massif is a geological massif in the Belgian Ardennes (geologically a part of the Rhenish Massif).
Stephen Harriman Long (December 30, 1784 – September 4, 1864) was a U.S. army explorer, topographical engineer, and railway engineer.
Stephenson Glacier is a glacier close west of Dovers Moraine on the east side of Heard Island in the southern Indian Ocean.
The stereo or stereoscopic or dissecting microscope is an optical microscope variant designed for low magnification observation of a sample, typically using light reflected from the surface of an object rather than transmitted through it.
Stoney Ridge is a remote rural locality on the Paroo River and a civil Parish, of the Thoulcanna County a cadasteral division of New South Wales.
Stratton Park Moated Enclosure (locally known as and sometimes informally referred to as Stratton Moat, also sometimes referred to as Stratton Park Moated Enclosure and Associated Manorial Earthworks or Stratton Manor Moat) is a scheduled ancient monument formed of a moat ditch circuit, counterscarp bank, central platform and walled garden compound located on the south-east edge of Biggleswade, Bedfordshire in the United Kingdom.
Straus Street (רחוב שטראוס, Rehov Straus) is a north-south road in north-central Jerusalem.
The street layout of Seattle is based on a series of disjointed rectangular street grids.
This article deals with the streets and squares in Dublin and the Greater Dublin Area of Ireland.
A strip parish is a parish with a narrow elongated shape, typically formed during the Anglo-Saxon and early medieval period.
The salt tectonics off the Louisiana gulf coast can be explained through two possible methods.
The interior structure of the Earth is layered in spherical shells: an outer silicate solid crust, a highly viscous asthenosphere and mantle, a liquid outer core that is much less viscous than the mantle, and a solid inner core.
The article provides an overview of the entire chain of command and organization of the Italian Air Force as of 1 January 2018 and includes all currently active units.
Su Shi (8January103724August1101), also known as Su Dongpo, was a Chinese writer, poet, painter, calligrapher, pharmacologist, gastronome, and a statesman of the Song dynasty.
The Subantarctic is a region in the southern hemisphere, located immediately north of the Antarctic region.
Subdivisions of Kiev, the capital of Ukraine, include the formal administrative subdivision into raions and the more detailed informal subdivision into historical neighborhoods.
The subfornical organ (SFO), situated on the ventral surface of the fornix (the reasoning behind the organ's name), at the interventricular foramina (foramina of Monro), is one of the circumventricular organs of the brain, meaning that it is highly vascularized and does not have a blood-brain barrier, unlike the vast majority of regions in the brain.
Sululos was a Roman era Municipium of the Roman province of Africa Proconsularis that flourished from which flourished from 30 BC - AD 640.
A summit is a point on a surface that is higher in elevation than all points immediately adjacent to it.
Sun Pass State Forest is one of six state forests managed by the Oregon Department of Forestry.
A superswell is a large area of anomalously high topography and shallow ocean regions.
Survey Camp is an army tradition that was discontinued in the later part of twentieth century but was reinstated in 2002 across the universities of the world with a whole new structure.
Surveying or land surveying is the technique, profession, and science of determining the terrestrial or three-dimensional positions of points and the distances and angles between them.
Susan Elizabeth Hough (born March 20, 1961) is a seismologist at the United States Geological Survey in Pasadena, California, and scientist in charge of the office.
Sutton is a village and civil parish near Dover in Kent, England.
Sven Anders Hedin, KNO1kl RVO,Wennerholm, Eric (1978) Sven Hedin - En biografi, Bonniers, Stockholm (19 February 1865 – 26 November 1952) was a Swedish geographer, topographer, explorer, photographer, travel writer, and illustrator of his own works.
The swamp communities of the Blue Mountains are a geographically dispersed group of ecologically-endangered peat swamp communities, spanning multiple parts of the World Heritage-listed Blue Mountains National Park in New South Wales, Australia.
Swan Lake is a lake located in the Canadian province of Manitoba.
Swaziland, officially the Kingdom of Eswatini since April 2018 (Swazi: Umbuso weSwatini), is a landlocked sovereign state in Southern Africa.
A swell in geology is a domed area of considerable areal extent.
Swinton is a town in Greater Manchester, England, southwest of the River Irwell, northwest of Salford and northwest of Manchester, adjoining the towns of Pendlebury and Clifton.
Swiss Argentines are Argentine citizens of Swiss ancestry or people who emigrated from Switzerland and reside in Argentina.
Sydney sandstone is the common name for Sydney Basin Hawkesbury Sandstone, one variety of which is historically known as Yellowblock, and also as "yellow gold" a sedimentary rock named after the Hawkesbury River north of Sydney, where this sandstone is particularly common.
TAFLIR is the abbreviation for the "Tactical Flight Radar" of the Swiss Air Force.
A tailings dam is typically an earth-fill embankment dam used to store byproducts of mining operations after separating the ore from the gangue.
Talyealye Parish (Irrara County), New South Wales is a remote civil Parish, of Irrara County, a cadasteral division of New South Wales.
Taman Mini Indonesia Indah (TMII) or "Beautiful Indonesia Miniature Park" (literally translated) is a culture-based recreational area located in East Jakarta, Indonesia.
Tamarac National Wildlife Refuge is a National Wildlife Refuge of the United States.
Tangra Mountains (in Bulgarian Тангра планина, 'Tangra planina' \'tan-gra pla-ni-'na\) form the principal mountain range of Livingston Island in the South Shetland Islands, Antarctica.
Tanktics: Computer Game of Armored Combat on the Eastern Front was Chris Crawford's first computer game.
Tanner may be a surname of either English, German or Finnish origin.
The Taos Mountain Trail was the historic pathway for trade and business exchanges between agrarian Taos (New Mexico) and the Great Plains (Colorado) from pre-history (1100 A.D.) through the Spanish Colonial period and into the time of the European and American presence.
The Tasman Front is a relatively warm water east-flowing surface current and thermal boundary that separates the Coral Sea to the north and the Tasman Sea to the south.
Taum Sauk Mountain in the Saint Francois Mountains is the highest natural point in the U.S. state of Missouri at 1,772 feet (540 m).
Like the Earth, the crustal properties and structure of the surface of Mars are thought to have evolved through time; in other words, as on Earth, tectonic processes have shaped the planet.
The Telluride Institute (TI) was founded in 1984 in the resort town of Telluride, Colorado, by John Lifton, Pamela Zoline, John Clute, John Naisbitt and Patricia Aburdene, authors of the Megatrends books, and Amory and Hunter Lovins of the Rocky Mountain Institute.
Temagami, formerly spelled as Timagami, is a municipality in northeastern Ontario, Canada, in Nipissing District with Lake Temagami at its heart.
The Temple of Isthmia is an ancient Greek temple on the Isthmus of Corinth dedicated to the god Poseidon and built in the Archaic Period.
Templestowe is a suburb of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 16 km north-east of Melbourne's Central Business District.
Teofil Żebrawski (1800–1887) was a Polish mathematician, bibliographer, architect, biologist, archeologist, cartographer and geodesist; an erudite and polymath.
Oxley County NSW. Terangan Parish (Oxley County), New South Wales is a rural locality of Warren Shire and a civil parish of Oxley County, New South Wales, a Cadastral divisions of New South Wales.
Terra preta (locally, literally "black soil" in Portuguese) is a type of very dark, fertile artificial (anthropogenic) soil found in the Amazon Basin.
Terraforming (literally, "Earth-shaping") of a planet, moon, or other body is the hypothetical process of deliberately modifying its atmosphere, temperature, surface topography or ecology to be similar to the environment of Earth to make it habitable by Earth-like life.
Terrain or relief (also topographical relief) involves the vertical and horizontal dimensions of land surface.
Terralink International was a New Zealand owned and operated provider of geographic information systems (GIS) and mapping solutions.
Tesserae are regions of heavily deformed terrain on Venus, characterized by two or more intersecting tectonic elements, high topography, and subsequent high radar backscatter.
Texella reddelli, the Bee Creek cave harvestman, is a rare species of troglobitic harvestman that was added to the United States endangered species list in 1988, at the same time as six other species native to the karst ecosystem in Travis County and Williamson County, Texas, USA.
Tharsis is a vast volcanic plateau centered near the equator in the western hemisphere of Mars.
Thatching is the craft of building a roof with dry vegetation such as straw, water reed, sedge (Cladium mariscus), rushes, heather, or palm fronds, layering the vegetation so as to shed water away from the inner roof.
The Association of British Columbia Land Surveyors (ABCLS) is a self-governing, non-profit, non-governmental organization which sets educational requirements, examines for admission, and regulates professional land surveyors within British Columbia, Canada.
The Beast is a wooden roller coaster located at Kings Island in Mason, Ohio.
The Beauties of England and Wales (1801–1815) is a series of books describing the topography and local history of England and Wales.
The First Annual Review of Pierce County, Wisconsin was released on January 1st, 1856.
The Gentleman's Magazine was founded in London, England, by Edward Cave in January 1731.
The Glory of the Duchy of Carniola (Die Ehre deß Hertzogthums Crain, Slava vojvodine Kranjske) is an encyclopedia published in Nuremberg in 1689 by the polymath Johann Weikhard von Valvasor.
The Heart of the Andes is a very large oil-on-canvas landscape painting by the American artist Frederic Edwin Church (1826–1900).
The Land Before Time VI: The Secret of Saurus Rock is a 1998 direct-to-video animated adventure musical film and the sixth film in The Land Before Time series about five dinosaurs who live in the Great Valley.
The London Spy by Ned Ward (1660/67 – June 20, 1731) was a periodical about London life, later published as a book.
The National Map is a collaborative effort of the United States Geological Survey (USGS) and other federal, state, and local agencies to improve and deliver topographic information for the United States.
The Rove Formation is located in the upper northeastern part of Cook County, Minnesota, United States, and extends into Ontario, Canada.
Theale is a large village in West Berkshire, England which forms a civil parish.
A theodolite is a precision instrument for measuring angles in the horizontal and vertical planes.
Thinking outside the box (also thinking out of the box or thinking beyond the box and, especially in Australia, thinking outside the square) is a metaphor that means to think differently, unconventionally, or from a new perspective.
Thomas Allen (1803–1833) was an English topographer.
Thomas Bailey (1785–1856), was an English topographer and miscellaneous writer.
Thomas Blore (1754-1818) was an English topographer.
Thomas Faulkner (1777–1855) was an English bookseller and topographer of West London.
Thomas Hutchins (Monmouth County, NJ 1730 – April 18, 1789, Pittsburgh) was an American military engineer, cartographer, geographer and surveyor.
Thomas Jefferson Cram (March 1, 1804 – December 20, 1883) was an engineer in the service of the U.S. Corps of Topographical Engineers during the American Civil War.
Thomas Johnson Westropp (16 August 18609 April 1922) was an Irish antiquarian, folklorist and archaeologist.
Thomas Malton (1748 – 7 March 1804), "the younger", was an English painter of topographical and architectural views, and an engraver.
Thomas Martin (8 March 1696/7 – 7 March 1771), known as "Honest Tom Martin of Palgrave", was an antiquarian and lawyer.
Thomas Okey (1852–1935) was an expert on basket weaving, a translator of Italian, and a writer on art and the topography of architecture and art works in Italy and France.
Major Thomas Pearson (c.1740?–1781) was a British army officer, traveller and book collector who held offices in the East Indies.
Sir Thomas Phillipps, 1st Baronet (2 July 1792 – 6 February 1872) was an English antiquary and book collector who amassed the largest collection of manuscript material in the 19th century.
Thunder Mountain is located in the northern part of the Great Western Divide, a sub-range of the Sierra Nevada in California.
Thurnapatcha, New South Wales is a rural locality of Burke Shire and a remote civil Parish, of Irrara County, a cadasteral division of New South Wales.
Tikal (Tik’al in modern Mayan orthography) is the ruin of an ancient city, which was likely to have been called Yax Mutal, found in a rainforest in Guatemala.
Tikal Temple I is the designation given to one of the major structures at Tikal, one of the largest cities and archaeological sites of the pre-Columbian Maya civilization in Mesoamerica.
Tillage is the agricultural preparation of soil by mechanical agitation of various types, such as digging, stirring, and overturning.
A time-of-flight camera (ToF camera) is a range imaging camera system that resolves distance based on the known speed of light, measuring the time-of-flight of a light signal between the camera and the subject for each point of the image.
Timothy Pont (c. 1565–1614) was a Scottish cartographer and topographer, the first to produce a detailed map of Scotland.
The Tin Mine Falls is a cascade waterfall located in the remote Pilot Wilderness Area within the Kosciuszko National Park in the Snowy Mountains region of New South Wales, Australia.
Tipton County is a county located on the western end of the U.S. state of Tennessee, in the Mississippi Delta region.
Tirth Pat (तीर्थ पट) is a religious map and topographical rendering used in Śvētāmbara Jainism religion for representing places of pilgrimage (Tirtha).
Tivoli Village is a mixed-use development center consisting of retail and office space, located on of land at 410 South Rampart Boulevard in Las Vegas, Nevada, next to the Summerlin community.
A TOID ('''TO'''pographic '''ID'''entifier, pronounced toyed) is a unique reference identifier assigned by the Ordnance Survey to identify every feature in Great Britain.
is a bay located in the southern Kantō region of Japan, and spans the coasts of Tokyo, Kanagawa Prefecture, and Chiba Prefecture.
was the pseudonym for a painter and calligrapher in imperial Japan.
The Tongue River is a tributary of the Yellowstone River, approximately 265 mi (426 km) long, in the U.S. states of Wyoming and Montana.
Too Late (Prea târziu) is a 1996 Romanian drama film directed by Lucian Pintilie.
TOPEX/Poseidon was a joint satellite mission between NASA, the U.S. space agency; and CNES, the French space agency, to map ocean surface topography.
Topo or TOPO may refer to.
TopoFlight is a three-dimensional flight planning software for photogrammetric flights.
The topographic isolation of a summit is the minimum great-circle distance to a point of equal elevation, representing a radius of dominance in which the peak is the highest point.
In modern mapping, a topographic map is a type of map characterized by large-scale detail and quantitative representation of relief, usually using contour lines, but historically using a variety of methods.
In topography, prominence characterizes the height of a mountain or hill's summit by the vertical distance between it and the lowest contour line encircling it but containing no higher summit within it.
The topographical tradition describes a long-established tradition of painting largely or entirely concerned with specific places on the earth and their "topography".
Topography may refer to.
The topography of ancient Rome is a multidisciplinary field of study that draws on archaeology, epigraphy, cartography and philology.
Topography is the study and description of the surface features of land, which means it is the study of the surface of the earth such as that of relief features which is whatever is on the surface of anything Pakistan is divided into eight geographic areas the northern highlands; the Indus River plain, the Desert areas, the Pothohar Plateau and Balochistan Plateau and Salt Range, and the Sistan Basin.
The topography of the Moon has been measured by the methods of laser altimetry and stereo image analysis, most recently from data obtained during the Clementine mission.
Topology, the study of surfaces, is a branch of mathematics concerned with spatial properties preserved under bicontinuous deformation (stretching without tearing or gluing); these properties are the topological invariants.
A tor, which is also known by geomorphologists as either a castle koppie or kopje, is a large, free-standing rock outcrop that rises abruptly from the surrounding smooth and gentle slopes of a rounded hill summit or ridge crest.
Toro Negro State Forest (Spanish: Bosque Estatal de Toro Negro) is one of the 21 forests that make up the public forests system in Puerto Rico.
The Torres Strait is a strait which lies between Australia and the Melanesian island of New Guinea.
The Torres Strait Islands are a group of at least 274 small islands which lie in Torres Strait, the waterway separating far northern continental Australia's Cape York Peninsula and the island of New Guinea.
In geology, the term Torridonian is the informal name for the Torridonian Supergroup, a series of Mesoproterozoic to Neoproterozoic arenaceous and argillaceous sedimentary rocks, which occur extensively in the Northwest Highlands of Scotland.
Total dissolved solids (TDS) is a measure of the combined content of all inorganic and organic substances contained in a liquid in molecular, ionized or micro-granular (colloidal sol) suspended form.
Totora (in hispanicized spelling), Tutura or T'utura (Aymara and Quechua for Schoenoplectus californicus, an aquatic plant) is a town in the Carrasco Province of the Cochabamba Department in Bolivia.
Tourism in Albania has been a key element to the country's economic activity and is constantly developing.
The Tours amphitheater (also known as the Caesarodunum amphitheater) is a Roman amphitheatre located in the historic city center of Tours, France, immediately behind the well known Tours cathedral.
Tracks to Telluride is a railroad board game centered on the construction of railroad track, and servicing mines along those railroad tracks.
Trafford Park is an area of the Metropolitan Borough of Trafford, Greater Manchester, England, opposite Salford Quays on the southern side of the Manchester Ship Canal, southwest of Manchester city centre and north of Stretford.
The Lisbon tramway network (Rede de eléctricos de Lisboa) serves the municipality of Lisbon, capital city of Portugal. In operation since 1873, it presently comprises six urban lines.
The genre of travel literature encompasses outdoor literature, guide books, nature writing, and travel memoirs.
The tree line is the edge of the habitat at which trees are capable of growing.
Triallam timcheall na Fodla, medieval Irish topographical text.
The Tribal Hidage is a list of thirty-five tribes that was compiled in Anglo-Saxon England some time between the 7th and 9th centuries.
Trimetrogon is an aerial photographic survey involves the use of three cameras in one assembly.
Tristram Risdon (c. 1580 – 1640) was an English antiquarian and topographer, and the author of Survey of the County of Devon.
In Greek mythology, the Trojan War was waged against the city of Troy by the Achaeans (Greeks) after Paris of Troy took Helen from her husband Menelaus, king of Sparta.
Troy (Τροία, Troia or Τροίας, Troias and Ἴλιον, Ilion or Ἴλιος, Ilios; Troia and Ilium;Trōia is the typical Latin name for the city. Ilium is a more poetic term: Hittite: Wilusha or Truwisha; Truva or Troya) was a city in the far northwest of the region known in late Classical antiquity as Asia Minor, now known as Anatolia in modern Turkey, near (just south of) the southwest mouth of the Dardanelles strait and northwest of Mount Ida.
Tsing Ma Bridge is a bridge in Hong Kong.
A tsunami (from 津波, "harbour wave"; English pronunciation) or tidal wave, also known as a seismic sea wave, is a series of waves in a water body caused by the displacement of a large volume of water, generally in an ocean or a large lake.
Mulgawarrina, New South Wales is a Bounded locality of Bogan Shire and a civil Parish of Cowper County, New South Wales, a cadasteral division of central New South Wales.
Tubridy (Ó Tiobraide), less commonly known as Tubrid and Tuberty, is a Gaelic Irish clan from Munster.
Tuilleadh feasa ar Éirinn óigh, medieval Gaelic-Irish topographical text, composed by Giolla na Naomh Ó hUidhrín (died 1420).
Turkey Swamp Park is a 1,180-acre (4.78 km²) park located in Freehold Township, New Jersey on the northern fringe of the Pine Barrens.
Tycroes is a village in Carmarthenshire, Wales.
The National Geodetic Survey (NGS), formerly the United States Survey of the Coast (1807–1836), United States Coast Survey (1836–1878), and United States Coast and Geodetic Survey (USC&GS) (1878–1970), is a United States federal agency that defines and manages a national coordinate system, providing the foundation for transportation and communication; mapping and charting; and a large number of applications of science and engineering.
Ubba was a ninth-century Viking, and one of the commanders of the Great Army that invaded Anglo-Saxon England in the 860s.
Udayapur District (उदयपुर जिल्ला, is one of 14 districts of Province No. 1 of eastern Nepal. The district, with Triyuga as its district headquarters, covers an area of 2,063 km² and in 2001 had a population of 287,689, in 2011 of 317,532. The district border of Udayapur is drawn by Natural border with rivers and hills. Koshi river in the east of the district separates it from Sunsari District, Sun Kosi river in the north draw a borderline which separates it from Bhojpur and Khotang. Sindhuli District lies in the west across the Tawa khola and foothills of shiwalik in the south separates it from outer terai of Siraha and Saptari. Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve lies in the east occupying the area of Udayapur, Sunsari and Saptari District. According to the former administrative divisions of Nepal, Udayapur falls in Eastern Development Region in Sagarmatha Zone.
This is a list of alleged sightings of unidentified flying objects or UFOs in Brazil.
Ultrasonic Force Microscopy (UFM) has been developed in order to improve the details and image contrast on "flat" areas of interest where the atomic force microscopy (AFM) images are limited in contrast.
Under Milk Wood is a 1954 radio drama by Welsh poet Dylan Thomas, commissioned by the BBC and later adapted for the stage.
União da Vitória is a city located in the south of the State of Paraná, Brazil.
The Unified Model is a Numerical Weather Prediction and climate modeling software suite originally developed by the United Kingdom Met Office, and now both used and further developed by many weather-forecasting agencies around the world.
Union Station is an Amtrak railroad station and mixed-use commercial building in downtown Erie, in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania.
The United States Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) is a U.S. federal agency under the Department of Defense and a major Army command made up of some 37,000 civilian and military personnel, making it one of the world's largest public engineering, design, and construction management agencies.
The United States Geological and Geographical Survey of the Territories was established by an act of Congress on 2 March 1867 as an agency under the Department of the Interior (later the General Land Office) tasked to complete a geographical survey of the State of Nebraska which had been admitted to the Union the day before.
The United States invasion of Grenada was a 1983 invasion led by the United States of the Caribbean island nation of Grenada, which has a population of about 91,000 and is located north of Venezuela, that resulted in a U.S. victory within a matter of weeks.
The reconnaissance mission within the United States Marine Corps is divided into two distinct but complementary aspects; Marine Division Recon and Force Reconnaissance.
The United States Marine Corps's Amphibious Reconnaissance Battalion, formerly Company, was a specialized team of Marines and Navy Corpsmen that performed clandestine preliminary pre–D-Day amphibious reconnaissance of planned beachheads and their littoral area within uncharted enemy territory for the joint-Navy/Marine force commanders of the Pacific Fleet during World War II.
The United States Marine Corps Reconnaissance Battalions (or commonly called Marine Division Recon) are the Special Operations Capable reconnaissance assets of Marine Air-Ground Task Force that provide division-level ground and amphibious reconnaissance to the Ground Combat Element within the United States Marine Corps.
The United States Marine Corps is assigned by the National Command Authority to be primarily the Department of Defense's expeditionary force-in-readiness, and the Department of the Navy's contingent landing force—amphibious by nature.
The Universal Soil Loss Equation (USLE) is a widely used mathematical model that describes soil erosion processes.
The University Club of Baton Rouge in Baton Rouge, Louisiana, is the home of the LSU Tigers and LSU Lady Tigers golf teams and serves as the host site for all of LSU's tournaments.
University of Aleppo (جامعة حلب, also called Aleppo University) is a public university located in Aleppo, Syria.
Urban Evolution of Colonial Quito In almost three centuries of the Spanish Colonization Period, close to one thousand cities were founded in the Americas.
Uromi is an acreage city located in north-eastern Esan, a sub-ethnic group of the Binis in Edo state, Nigeria.
The first USC&GS Discoverer was a survey ship that served in the United States Coast and Geodetic Survey from 1922 to 1941.
USCS Phoenix was a schooner that served as a survey ship in the United States Coast Survey from 1845 to 1857.
USS Mayflower (1866) was a screw tugboat acquired by the United States Navy at the end of the American Civil War.
USS Normandy (CG-60) is a ''Ticonderoga''-class guided-missile cruiser in the service of the United States Navy.
The first USS Resolute (1860) was a steamer acquired by the Union Navy during the American Civil War.
Utility cycling encompasses any cycling done simply as a means of transport rather than as a sport or leisure activity.
Uttar Pradesh (IAST: Uttar Pradeś) is a state in northern India.
Vahsel Glacier is a glacier on the northwestern side of Heard Island in the southern Indian Ocean.
The Valbona Valley National Park (Parku Kombëtar i Luginës së Valbonës) is a national park inside the Albanian Alps in northern Albania.
The Vale of Pickering is a low-lying flat area of land in North Yorkshire, England.
Valeri Larko (born 1960) is an American painter of urban and industrial landscapes.
Valerio Massimo Manfredi (born 8 March 1942) is an Italian historian, writer, essayist, archaeologist and journalist.
Valles Caldera (or Jemez Caldera) is a wide volcanic caldera in the Jemez Mountains of northern New Mexico.
A valley is a low area between hills or mountains often with a river running through it.
Avatime Vane is the capital of the Avatime Traditional Area.
Venezuela, officially denominated Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela (República Bolivariana de Venezuela),Previously, the official name was Estado de Venezuela (1830–1856), República de Venezuela (1856–1864), Estados Unidos de Venezuela (1864–1953), and again República de Venezuela (1953–1999).
Ventura County is a county in the southern part of the U.S. state of California.
Venus Origins Explorer (VOX) is a concept orbiter mission to Venus.
VERITAS (Venus Emissivity, Radio Science, InSAR, Topography, and Spectroscopy) is a proposed mission concept by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) to map with high resolution the surface of planet Venus.
Verplanck Colvin (1847–1920) was a lawyer, author, illustrator and topographical engineer whose understanding and appreciation for the environment of the Adirondack Mountains led to the creation of New York's Forest Preserve and the Adirondack Park.
Via Vandelli is a historical commercial and military road, designed and built in the 18th century by Domenico Vandelli under the reign of Francesco III d'Este between 1739 and 1752.
The technique of vibrational analysis with scanning probe microscopy allows probing vibrational properties of materials at the submicrometer scale, and even of individual molecules.
Vicente Teódulo Mendoza Gutiérrez (Cholula, Puebla, 1894 – Mexico City, 1964) was a Mexican musicologist, composer and artist.
José Victoriano Huerta Márquez (22 December 1850 – 13 January 1916) was a Mexican military officer and 35th President of Mexico.
Vietnamese wine is wine produced in Vietnam.
The Virginia Board of Public Works was a governmental agency which oversaw and helped finance the development of Virginia's transportation-related internal improvements during the 19th century.
A virtual world is a computer-based simulated environment which may be populated by many users who can create a personal avatar, and simultaneously and independently explore the virtual world, participate in its activities and communicate with others.
The visual appearance of objects is given by the way in which they reflect and transmit light.
The Wabash River (French: Ouabache) is a U.S. Geological Survey.
Waddington is a large rural commuter village and civil parish in the North Kesteven district of Lincolnshire, England, situated approximately south of Lincoln on the A607 Grantham Road.
A wall is a structure that defines an area, carries a load, or provides shelter or security.
Sir Walter Besant (14 August 1836 – 9 June 1901), was a novelist and historian.
Wangoom, New South Wales is a Bounded locality of Bogan Shire and a civil Parish of Cowper County, New South Wales, a cadasteral division of central New South Wales.
The Bavarian War College, also Bavarian Staff College (Ge: Bayerische Kriegsakademie) was the highest military facility to educate, instruct, train, and develop general staff officers.
The War of Jenkins' Ear (known as Guerra del Asiento in Spain) was a conflict between Britain and Spain lasting from 1739 to 1748, with major operations largely ended by 1742.
War School of Kaunas (Kauno karo mokykla) was a military school for junior officers in Kaunas, the temporary capital of Lithuania.
Warroo Parish is a remote civil Parish, of Irrara County, a cadasteral division of New South Wales.
Washington County, known locally as South County, is a county located in the U.S. state of Rhode Island.
The Washington Irving Memorial is located at Broadway (US 9) and West Sunnyside Lane in Irvington, New York.
Waste stabilization ponds (WSPs or stabilization ponds or waste stabilization lagoons) are ponds designed and built for wastewater treatment to reduce the organic content and remove pathogens from wastewater.
Water resources management in Belize is carried out by the Water and Sewerage Authority (WASA) in most cases.
Waverley Parish (Thoulcanna County), New South Wales is a remote civil Parish, of the Thoulcanna County, a cadasteral division of New South Wales.
Way is a historic estate in the parish of St Giles in the Wood, Devon.
The Weald is an area of South East England between the parallel chalk escarpments of the North and the South Downs.
There is often confusion between weather and climate.
The Weather Forecasting Improvement Act of 2013 was a bill that intended to authorize appropriations over the 2014-2017 period for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) to improve forecasting of severe weather events.
The Water Erosion Prediction Project (WEPP) Model is a physically based erosion simulation model built on the fundamentals of hydrology, plant science, hydraulics, and erosion mechanics.
Western Asia, West Asia, Southwestern Asia or Southwest Asia is the westernmost subregion of Asia.
Westwood Highlands is a small neighborhood located in south-central San Francisco, California, northeast of the intersection of Monterey Boulevard and Plymouth Avenue.
A wetland is a land area that is saturated with water, either permanently or seasonally, such that it takes on the characteristics of a distinct ecosystem.
Where Troy Once Stood is a 1990 book by Iman Wilkens that argues that the city of Troy was located in England and that the Trojan War was fought between groups of Celts.
White Kennett (10 August 1660 – 19 December 1728) was an English bishop and antiquarian.
Whiteway is an historic estate in the parish of Kingsteignton, Devon.
A wildfire or wildland fire is a fire in an area of combustible vegetation that occurs in the countryside or rural area.
In computational science, wildfire modeling is concerned with numerical simulation of wildland fires in order to understand and predict fire behavior.
The wildlife of Syria is the flora and fauna of Syria, a country at the eastern end of the Mediterranean Sea.
The wildlife of Turkey is abundant and very varied.
Wilhelm Gumppenberg (17 July 1609, Munich – 8 May 1675, Innsbruck) was a Bavarian Jesuit and theologian.
Wilhelm Tomaschek, or Vilém Tomášek (May 26, 1841, Olomouc – September 9, 1901, Vienna) was a Czech-Austrian geographer and orientalist.
Willard Drake Johnson (1860-1917) was an American glaciologist, topographer, cartographer, hydrographer, geologist, geographer, and ethnologist.
William Ashford (1746 - 1824) was an English painter who worked exclusively in Ireland, where he lived from the age of 18, having initially gone there to take up a post with the Ordnance Office.
William Camden (2 May 1551 – 9 November 1623) was an English antiquarian, historian, topographer, and herald, best known as author of Britannia, the first chorographical survey of the islands of Great Britain and Ireland, and the Annales, the first detailed historical account of the reign of Elizabeth I of England.
Sir William Gell FRS (1 April 1777 – 4 February 1836) was an English classical archaeologist and illustrator.
William Magear Tweed (April 3, 1823 – April 12, 1878)—often erroneously referred to as "William Marcy Tweed" (see below), and widely known as "Boss" Tweed—was an American politician most notable for being the "boss" of Tammany Hall, the Democratic Party political machine that played a major role in the politics of 19th century New York City and State.
William Martin Leake, FRS (14 January 1777 – 6 January 1860), was an English antiquarian and topographer.
Sir William Mitchell Ramsay, FBA (15 March 1851 – 20 April 1939) was a Scottish archaeologist and New Testament scholar.
William Pendleton Thompson Hill (22 February 1895–6 December 1965) was a United States Marine Corps major general who served as Quartermaster General of the Marine Corps from 1944 to 1955.
William Payne (Exeter 4 March 1760 – August 1830 London) was an English painter and etcher who invented the tint Payne's grey.
Major-General William Roy FRS, FSA FRSE (4 May 1726 – 1 July 1790) was a Scottish military engineer, surveyor, and antiquarian.
William Salt (29 October 1808 – 6 December 1863) was a British banker in London, England, and a genealogist and antiquary in whose memory the William Salt Library in Stafford was founded.
William Watts McNair (13 September 1849 – 13 August 1889) was a British surveyor, the first British explorer of Kafiristan (now Nuristan).
William Wynne (c. 1671 – May 1704) was a Welsh historian.
The Williston Basin is a large intracratonic sedimentary basin in eastern Montana, western North Dakota, South Dakota, and southern Saskatchewan, that is known for its rich deposits of petroleum and potash.
Wind is the flow of gases on a large scale.
Specialized wind energy software applications aid in the development and operation of wind farms.
Although Austria is a landlocked country with a distinguished hilly topography, meteorological preconditions permit the utilization of wind power.
Wind power in Thailand amounted to an installed production capacity of 224.5 MW as of the end of 2014.
Winston Glacier is a glacier flowing to Winston Lagoon on the southeast side of Heard Island in the southern Indian Ocean.
From December 2013 onwards the Somerset Levels suffered severe flooding as part of the wider 2013-2014 Atlantic winter storms in Europe and subsequent 2013–2014 United Kingdom winter floods.
With Byrd at the South Pole (1930) is a documentary film about Rear Admiral Richard E. Byrd and his 1st quest to the South Pole beginning at the Little America-Exploration Base.
Witley is a village and civil parish in the Borough of Waverley in Surrey, England centred south west of the town of Godalming and southwest of the county town, Guildford.
Wold Newton is a village and civil parish in North East Lincolnshire, England.
Wolfgang Müller-Wiener (Friedrichswerth, Thuringia, 17 May 1923 - Istanbul, Turkey, 25 March 1991) was a German architecture historian, archaeologist and Byzantinist.
A World Aeronautical Chart (WAC) is a type of aeronautical chart used for navigation by pilots of moderate speed aircraft and aircraft at high altitudes.
A world map is a map of most or all of the surface of the Earth.
The Linton Worm is a mythical beast referred to in a Scottish borders legend dating back to the 12th century.
Wyandotte County (county code WY) is a county located in the U.S. state of Kansas.
Xlapak (or Xlapac) is a small Maya archaeological site in the Yucatan Peninsula of southeastern Mexico.
Xu Xiake (January 5, 1587 – March 8, 1641), born Xu Hongzu (徐弘祖), courtesy name Zhenzhi (振之), was a Chinese travel writer and geographer of the Ming Dynasty (1368–1644), known best for his famous geographical treatise, and noted for his bravery and humility.
Yapto Soerjosoemarno, full name KRT.
Ye Chunji (1532–1595) was a Chinese county official and scholar during the Ming Dynasty (1368–1644) of China.
Yellowstone National Park is an American national park located in Wyoming, Montana, and Idaho.
Yernca Parish (Irrara County), New South Wales is a remote civil Parish, of Irrara County, a cadasteral division of New South Wales.
Yernca is a rural locality of Bourke Shire located at 29°34′09″S 144°23′49″E and a remote civil Parish, of the Thoulcanna County a cadasteral division of New South Wales.
In Chinese philosophy, yin and yang (and; 陽 yīnyáng, lit. "dark-bright", "negative-positive") describes how seemingly opposite or contrary forces may actually be complementary, interconnected, and interdependent in the natural world, and how they may give rise to each other as they interrelate to one another.
The Yingzao Fashi is a technical treatise on architecture and craftsmanship written by the Chinese author Li Jie (李誡; 1065–1110), the Directorate of Buildings and Construction during the mid Song Dynasty of China.
Yona Friedman (born 5 June 1923, Budapest) is a Hungarian-born French architect, urban planner and designer.
Yorkshire (abbreviated Yorks), formally known as the County of York, is a historic county of Northern England and the largest in the United Kingdom.
Yorkshire and the Humber is one of nine official regions of England at the first level of NUTS for statistical purposes.
The Yorkshire Dales Rivers Trust was formed in 2004 with a remit to improve, restore and conserve the rivers Swale, Ure, Wharfe and Nidd whose headwaters lie within the Yorkshire Dales National Park and the Nidderdale Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty.
Yucatán, officially the Free and Sovereign State of Yucatán (Estado Libre y Soberano de Yucatán), is one of the 31 states which, with Mexico City, comprise the 32 Federal Entities of Mexico.
The Yukon River Basin is located between the Yukon Territory in Canada and Alaska, with a small portion in British Columbia.
Zamfir Constantin Arbore (born Zamfir Ralli, Земфирий Константинович Арборе-Ралли, Zemfiriyi Konstantinovich Arborye-Ralli; also known as Zamfir Arbure, Zamfir Rally, Zemphiri Ralli and Aivaza;Felea (1971), p.9 November 14, 1848 – April 2 or April 3, 1933) was a Bukovinan-born Romanian political activist originally active in the Russian Empire, also known for his work as an amateur historian, geographer and ethnographer.
Zamora Chinchipe, Province of Zamora Chinchipe is a province of the Republic of Ecuador, located at the southeastern end of the Amazon Basin, which shares borders with the Ecuadorian provinces of Azuay and Morona Santiago to the north, Loja and Azuay to the west, and with Peru to the east and south.
Zdeněk Měřínský (16 January 1948 – 9 September 2016) was a Czech archeologist and historian specializing in medieval archaeology, Czech and Austrian medieval history,, evolution of the settlement structure, and topography.
The Zelandia Illustrata is the oldest collection of prints about the Dutch county Zeeland.
Zenit (Зени́т,, Zenith) was a series of military photoreconnaissance satellites launched by the Soviet Union between 1961 and 1994.
A zero-energy building, also known as a zero net energy (ZNE) building, net-zero energy building (NZEB), or net zero building, is a building with zero net energy consumption, meaning the total amount of energy used by the building on an annual basis is roughly equal to the amount of renewable energy created on the site, or in other definitions by renewable energy sources elsewhere.
Zev Vilnay (זאב וילנאי, 1900–1988) was an Israeli geographer, author and lecturer.
General Khawaja Ziauddin Abbasi (خواجہ ضیاء الدین عباسى), also known as Ziauddin Butt (ضیاء الدین بٹ), is a retired four-star rank army general in the Pakistan Army, who served as the Chief of Army Staff (COAS), for a brief time, until Chairman joint chiefs General Pervez Musharraf reasserted the command and control of the military despite his termination on 12 October 1999.
Zion National Park is an American national park located in Southwestern Utah near the city of Springdale.
Zons, formerly known as Feste Zons (Fortress Zons), today officially called Stadt Zons (Zons Town) is an old town in Germany on the west bank of the Lower Rhine between Cologne and Düsseldorf.
Zuffenhausen is one of three northernmost urban districts of the city of Stuttgart, capital of the German state of Baden-Württemberg.
The year 1787 in science and technology involved some significant events.
The 1888 eruption of Mount Bandai was a major volcanic eruption which occurred during the Meiji period of the Empire of Japan.
The 1892 Maryland Aggies football team represented the Maryland Agricultural College (now the University of Maryland) in the 1892 college football season.
The 1893 Maryland Aggies football team represented the Maryland Agricultural College (now the University of Maryland) in the 1893 college football season.
The 1894 Maryland Aggies football team represented the Maryland Agricultural College (now the University of Maryland) in the 1894 college football season.
The 18th Engineer Brigade (Theater Army) is an engineer brigade of the United States Army.
The Grand Canyon mid-air collision occurred on June 30, 1956, when a United Airlines Douglas DC-7 struck a Trans World Airlines Lockheed L-1049 Super Constellation over the Grand Canyon National Park.
The 1966 New York City smog was an air-pollution event, with damaging levels of carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, smoke, and haze.
The 1971 Miller High Life 500 was a NASCAR Winston Cup Series (now Monster Energy NASCAR Cup Series) event that took place at Ontario Motor Speedway in Ontario, California.
The 1975 Los Angeles Times 500 was a NASCAR Winston Cup Series racing event that took place on November 23, 1975, at Ontario Motor Speedway in Ontario, California.
On May 18, 1980, a major volcanic eruption occurred at Mount St. Helens, a volcano located in Skamania County, in the State of Washington.
The 1994 Pacific typhoon season was an extremely active season in the annual cycle of tropical cyclone formation in the Western North Pacific, with a total of 32 tropical storms, where 19 of them reached typhoon strength, during the course of the season, much like the Pacific hurricane season.
This article outlines notable events occurring in 2000 in spaceflight, including major launches and EVAs.
300 is a 2006 American epic war film based on the 1998 comic series 300 by Frank Miller and Lynn Varley.