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A Carol for Another Christmas (also known as Carol for Another Christmas) is a 1964 American television film, scripted by Rod Serling as a modernization of Charles Dickens' A Christmas Carol and a plea for global cooperation.
A Man for All Seasons is a 1966 British biographical drama film in Technicolor based on Robert Bolt's play of the same name and adapted for the big screen by Bolt himself.
A Rising Thunder is a science fiction novel by American writer by David Weber, released on March 6, 2012 by Baen Books.
Major General Arcot Doraiswamy Loganadan (12 April 1888 – 9 March 1949) was an officer of the Indian National Army, and a minister in the Azad Hind Government as a representative of the Indian National Army.
Abraham Michael Rosenthal (May 2, 1922 – May 10, 2006), also known as Abe Rosenthal, served as The New York Times Executive Editor (1977–1988), having served previously as the City Editor and Managing Editor, before becoming a columnist (1987–1999) and New York Daily News columnist (1999–2004).
An abatement (sometimes termed rebatement) is a modification of a coat of arms, representing a less-than honorable augmentation, imposed by an heraldic authority (such as the Court of Chivalry in England) or by royal decree for misconduct.
Abdollah Riazi (عبدالله ریاضی) was an Iranian politician who served as the Speaker of the Parliament of Iran for almost 15 years during Pahlavi dynasty.
Abdullah Afeef (1916–1993) was the President of the United Suvadive Republic from 1959 to 1963.
Abdullah ibn Khatal (died 629 C.E.) was a Muslim tax collector who committed treason against the State of Medina by defecting to Mecca and becoming an Apostate.
Manuel Rubén Abimael Guzmán Reynoso (born 3 December 1934), also known by the nom de guerre Chairman Gonzalo (Presidente Gonzalo), a former professor of philosophy, is the former leader of the Shining Path during the Maoist insurgency known as the internal conflict in Peru.
Abraham Jacobi (6 May 1830 – 10 July 1919) was a German physician and pioneer of pediatrics, opening the first children's clinic in the United States.
Abu Bakar Bashir (أبو بكر باعشير) also Abubakar Ba'asyir, Abdus Somad, and Ustad Abu ("Teacher Abu"); born 17 August 1938) is an Indonesian Muslim cleric and leader of Jamaah Ansharut Tauhid. He ran the Al-Mukmin boarding school in Ngruki, Central Java, which he co-founded with Abdullah Sungkar in 1972. He was in exile in Malaysia for 17 years during the secular New Order administration of President Suharto resulting from various activities, including urging the implementation of Sharia law. Intelligence agencies and the United Nations claim he is the spiritual head of Jemaah Islamiyah (also known as JI) and has links with Al-Qaeda. In August 2014, he publicly pledged allegiance to Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, leader of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) and his declaration of a caliphate.
Alhaji Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa, KBE (December 1912 – 15 January 1966) was a Nigerian politician, and the first prime minister of an independent Nigeria.
Accepted Frewen (baptized 26 May 158828 March 1664) was a priest in the Church of England and Archbishop of York from 1660 to 1664.
The Aceh War, also known as the Dutch War or the Infidel War (1873–1904), was an armed military conflict between the Sultanate of Aceh and the Kingdom of the Netherlands which was triggered by discussions between representatives of Aceh and the United States in Singapore during early 1873.
Acrobacias del corazón (English language: Acrobatics of the Heart) is a 2000 Argentine romantic drama film directed, written by and starring María Teresa Constantini.
The Act of Tilsit (Tilžės aktas) was an act, signed in Tilsit by 24 members of the National Council of Lithuania Minor (Mažosios Lietuvos tautinė taryba) on November 30, 1918.
The Act Respecting the Oath to the Succession (26 Hen. 8 c. 2) was passed by the Parliament of England in November 1534, and required all subjects to take an oath to uphold the Act of Succession passed that March.
In the United Kingdom, Acts of Parliament are primary legislation passed by the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
The Acts of Supremacy are two acts of the Parliament of England passed in 1534 and 1559 which established King Henry VIII of England and subsequent monarchs as the supreme head of the Church of England.
Adam Poniński (1732 or 1733 – 23 July 1798 was a Polish nobleman, Prince, one of the leaders of the Radom Confederation of 1767, Grand Treasurer of the Crown (from 1775), member of the Permanent Council, he is remembered as the infamous Marshal of the Sejm (together with Michał Hieronim Radziwiłł) of the Partition Sejm (1773–1775). Considered by many contemporaries and historians a traitor, serving Russian ambassadors, he was stripped of all titles and exiled by the decree of the Great Sejm in 1790 but restored soon afterwards by the Confederation of Targowica. His son, Adam Poniński, born in 1758, became a military general.
Adam Yahiye Gadahn (آدم يحيى غدن, Ādam Yaḥyā Ghadan; born Adam Pearlman; September 1, 1978 – January 19, 2015) was an American senior operative, cultural interpreter, spokesman and media advisor for the Islamist group al-Qaeda.
Adam-ondi-Ahman (sometimes clipped to Diahman) is a historic site in Daviess County, Missouri, about five miles south of Jameson.
Adolf Georgievich Tolkachev (Адольф Георгиевич Толкачёв; 1927 in Aktyubinsk, Kazakhstan – 24 September 1986) was a Soviet electronics engineer who provided key documents to the American Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) between 1979 and 1985.
Sir Adrian Fortescue (1476 – 9 July 1539) was a courtier at the court of King Henry VIII of England who was executed in 1539 and later beatified as a Roman Catholic martyr.
Adultery (from Latin adulterium) is extramarital sex that is considered objectionable on social, religious, moral, or legal grounds.
The affair of Fielding and Bylandt was a brief naval engagement off the Isle of Wight on 31 December 1779 between a Royal Navy squadron, commanded by Commodore Charles Fielding, and a naval squadron of the Dutch Republic, commanded by rear-admiral Lodewijk van Bylandt, escorting a Dutch convoy.
Afghanistan (Pashto/Dari:, Pashto: Afġānistān, Dari: Afġānestān), officially the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, is a landlocked country located within South Asia and Central Asia.
The Constitution of Fiji, which had been abrogated by the interim military government of Commodore Frank Bainimarama (who organized a counter-coup to neutralize the civilian coup d'état instigated by George Speight in May 2000), was reinstated by the High Court on 15 November that year.
AI takeover is a common theme in science fiction.
Alfred P. Baldasaro (born November 20, 1956) is a Republican politician from the state of New Hampshire.
The Al-Ma'unah was a militant group based in Malaysia.
Ala'a Hussein Ali Al-Khafaji Al-Jaber (علاء حسين علي خفاجي الجابر; born c. 1948) served as the head of a brief puppet government in Kuwait (the "Republic of Kuwait", August 4–8, 1990) during the initial stages of the Gulf War.
Saint Alban Roe (20 July 1583 – 21 January 1642) was an English Benedictine priest, remembered as one of the Forty Martyrs of England and Wales.
Albert Maria Forster (26 July 1902 – 28 February 1952) was a Nazi German politician and war criminal.
Albert Pierrepoint (30 March 1905 – 10 July 1992) was a long-serving hangman in England.
Albert Pike (December 29, 1809 – April 2, 1891) was an American attorney, soldier, writer, and Freemason.
Albert Viljam Hagelin (24 April 1881 – 25 May 1946) was a Norwegian businessman and opera singer who became the Minister of Domestic Affairs in the Quisling regime, the puppet government headed by Vidkun Quisling during Germany's World War II occupation of Norway.
Albucilla was the wife of Satrius Secundus, and was infamous for having had many lovers.
Alejandro Peña Esclusa (born 3 July 1954 Periodismo de Verdad, 5 August 2010) is a Venezuelan politician, leader of the Venezuelan NGO Fuerza Solidaria (since May 2001) and president of the pan-Latin-American NGO UnoAmérica (since December 2008).
Alexander Nikolaevich Barankov (Аляксандр Баранкоў, also Aliaksandr) is a Belarusian former policeman or army captain.
Alexander Martin Sullivan (1829 – 17 October 1884) was an Irish Nationalist politician, lawyer and journalist from Bantry, County Cork.
Alexander Nikitin (Алекса́ндр Константи́нович Ники́тин; born 16 May 1952) is a Russian former submarine officer and nuclear safety inspector turned environmentalist.
Alexander William Doniphan (July 9, 1808 – August 8, 1887) was a 19th-century American attorney, soldier and politician from Missouri who is best known today as the man who prevented the summary execution of Joseph Smith, founder of the Latter Day Saint movement, at the close of the 1838 Mormon War in that state.
Alexandra Castillo (born 14 June 1971) is a Chilean-Canadian actress and dancer.
Lieutenant Colonel Alexandre Banza (10 October 1932 – 12 April 1969) was a military officer and politician in the Central African Republic.
Alexandre Martin (27 April 1815 – 28 May 1895), nicknamed Albert l'Ouvrier ("Albert the Worker"), was a French socialist statesman of the French Second Republic.
Alexandre-Théodore-Victor, comte de Lameth (20 October 176018 March 1829) was a French soldier and politician.
Alexandru Averescu (3 April 1859 – 2 October 1938) was a Romanian marshal and populist politician.
Alexandru Tzigara-Samurcaș (also known as Al. Tzigara, Tzigara-Sumurcaș, Tzigara-Samurcash, Tzigara-Samurkasch or Țigara-Samurcaș; April 4, 1872 – April 1, 1952) was a Romanian art historian, ethnographer, museologist and cultural journalist, also known as local champion of art conservation, Romanian Police leader and pioneer radio broadcaster.
Alfonso Ferrero La Marmora, 1.
Alfred Delp, S.J. (Mannheim, Grand Duchy of Baden, 15 September 1907 – Berlin, 2 February 1945), was a German Jesuit priest and philosopher of the German Resistance.
Alfred Dreyfus (9 October 1859 – 12 July 1935) was a French Jewish artillery officer whose trial and conviction in 1894 on charges of treason became one of the most tense political dramas in modern French history with a wide echo in all Europe.
Alfred Redl (14 March 1864 – 25 May 1913) was a Ukrainian military officer who rose to head the Evidenzbureau, the counter-intelligence wing of the Austro-Hungarian Army General Staff.
Alfred Ernst Rosenberg (12 January 1893 – 16 October 1946) was a German theorist and an influential ideologue of the Nazi Party.
Algie Martin Simons (1870–1950) was an American socialist journalist, newspaper editor, and political activist, best remembered as the editor of The International Socialist Review for nearly a decade.
Lady Alice Lisle (September 16172 September 1685), commonly known as Alicia Lisle or Dame Alice Lyle, was a landed lady of the English county of Hampshire, who was executed for harbouring fugitives after the defeat of the Monmouth Rebellion at the Battle of Sedgemoor.
Alice, Lady More (née Harpur; 1474–1546 or 1551) - also known as Dame Alice Moore - was the second wife of Sir Thomas More, who served as Lord Chancellor of England.
Alice, the Zeta Cat and Climate Change: A fairytale about the truth is an adult fairytale about the truth by Margret Boysen.
Alikram Hummatov or Ali Akram Hemmatzadeh (also spelled as Alikram Gummatov, born 1948) is a Talysh military and political activist of Azerbaijan, the president of self-proclaimed Talysh-Mughan Autonomous Republic in 1993, formerly prisoned in Azerbaijan.
All Men Are Mortal (Tous les hommes sont mortels) is a 1946 novel by Simone de Beauvoir.
An allegiance is a duty of fidelity said to be owed, or freely committed, by the people, subjects or citizens to their state or sovereign.
Aloysius Viktor Stepinac (Alojzije Viktor Stepinac, 8 May 1898 – 10 February 1960) was a Croatian prelate of the Catholic Church and war criminal.
Alphabet of Thorn is a 2004 fantasy novel written by American author Patricia A. McKillip.
Altaf Hussain (الطاف حسین;; born 17 September 1953 in Karachi) is a politician from Pakistan and the founder of party MQM.
Amadou Toumani Touré (born 4 November 1948;, African Press Agency, 27 March 2007. also known as "ATT") is a Malian politician who was President of Mali from 2002 to 2012.
A relatively small number of Chinese characters known as: 简繁一对多;: 簡繁一對多 do not have a one-to-one mapping between their simplified and traditional forms.
The American Civil War (also known by other names) was a war fought in the United States from 1861 to 1865.
The American Legion is a U.S. war veterans organization headquartered in Indianapolis, Indiana.
Ami Perrin (died 1561) was a Swiss Libertine and one of the most powerful figures in Geneva in the 16th century as chief opponent of religious reformer John Calvin's rule of the city.
Ammi Burnham Young (June 19, 1798 – March 14, 1874) was a 19th-century American architect whose commissions transitioned from the Greek Revival to the Neo-Renaissance styles.
Ali Amrozi bin Haji Nurhasyim (5 July 1962 – 9 November 2008), also known as Amrozi, was an Indonesian who was convicted and executed for his role in carrying out the 2002 Bali bombings, an act of terrorism.
Amy Spain (c. 1848 – March 10, 1865) was a teenage American slave who was executed by a Confederate military court in the dying days of the American Civil War.
Anamorphosis is a distorted projection or perspective requiring the viewer to use special devices or occupy a specific vantage point (or both) to reconstitute the image.
German individualist philosopher Max Stirner became an important early influence in anarchism.
Anastasia is a 1997 American animated musical fantasy adventure film directed and produced by former Walt Disney Feature Animation directors, Don Bluth and Gary Goldman in association with Fox Animation Studios, distributed by 20th Century Fox, and starring the voices of Meg Ryan, John Cusack, Kelsey Grammer, Hank Azaria, Christopher Lloyd and Angela Lansbury.
Anatoly Tikhonovich Marchenko (Анато́лий Ти́хонович Ма́рченко, 23 January 1938 – 8 December 1986) was a Soviet dissident, author, and human rights campaigner, who became one of the first two recipients (along with Nelson Mandela) of the Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought of the European Parliament when it was awarded to him posthumously in 1988.
Anatoly (Yitzhak) Rubin was a survivor of the Holocaust and later of the Gulags.
Andrei Romanovich Chikatilo (Андрей Романович Чикатило, Андрій Романович Чикатило; 16 October 1936 – 14 February 1994) was a Soviet serial killer, nicknamed the Butcher of Rostov, the Red Ripper, and the Rostov Ripper, who committed the sexual assault, murder, and mutilation of at least 52 women and children between 1978 and 1990 in the Russian SFSR, the Ukrainian SSR and the Uzbek SSR.
Andrew Bromwich (c.1640-1702) was an English Roman Catholic priest.
Andrew Harrison Ward (January 3, 1815 – April 16, 1904) was a U.S. Representative from Kentucky.
Andrew Melville (1 August 1545 – 1622) was a Scottish scholar, theologian and religious reformer.
Andrew Stewart (c. 14201488) was Lord Chancellor of Scotland from 1460 to 1482 and one of the leading servants of King James III of Scotland.
Andrzej Grzegorczyk (22 August 1922 – 20 March 2014) was a Polish logician, mathematician, philosopher, and ethicist noted for his work in computability, mathematical logic, and the foundations of mathematics.
The Angels of Mons is a popular legend about a group of angels who supposedly protected members of the British Army in the Battle of Mons at the outset of the First World War.
Angus McDonald (December 30, 1769 – October 14, 1814) was an American military officer, landowner, and planter in the U.S. state of Virginia.
Angus McDonald (1727 – August 19, 1778) was a prominent Scottish American military officer, frontiersman, sheriff and landowner in Virginia.
Anna Chennault, born Chan Sheng Mai later spelt Chen Xiangmei (陳香梅, actual birth year 1923 but reported as June 23, 1925 – March 30, 2018), also known as Anna Chan Chennault or Anna Chen Chennault, was a war correspondent and prominent Republican member of the US China Lobby.
Anne Boleyn (1501 – 19 May 1536) was Queen of England from 1533 to 1536 as the second wife of King Henry VIII.
Anne Bourchier, Baroness Dacre (1470 – 29 September 1530) was an English noblewoman, the wife of Sir Thomas Fiennes, 8th Baron Dacre.
Anne of Cleves (Anna von Kleve; 22 September 1515 – 16 July 1557) was Queen of England from 6 January to 9 July 1540 as the fourth wife of King Henry VIII.
Antenor (Ἀντήνωρ, Antḗnōr) was a counselor to King Priam of Troy in the legendary Greek accounts of the Trojan War.
Anthony Ashley Cooper, 1st Earl of Shaftesbury, PC (22 July 1621 – 21 January 1683), known as Anthony Ashley Cooper from 1621 to 1630, as Sir Anthony Ashley Cooper, 2nd Baronet from 1630 to 1661, and as The Lord Ashley from 1661 to 1672, was a prominent English politician during the Interregnum and during the reign of King Charles II.
Anthony Ashley Cooper, 3rd Earl of Shaftesbury Bt (26 February 1671 – 16 February 1713) was an English politician, philosopher and writer.
Anthony Babington (24 October 156120 September 1586) was an English nobleman convicted of plotting the assassination of Elizabeth I of England and conspiring with the imprisoned Mary, Queen of Scots.
Anthony Charles Faramus (27 July 1920 – August 1990) was an actor, author and hairdresser.
Sir Anthony Keck (1630 – December 1695) was a British lawyer and politician.
Anthony Merry (2 August 1756 – 14 June 1835) was a British diplomat.
Anti-intellectualism is hostility to and mistrust of intellect, intellectuals, and intellectualism commonly expressed as deprecation of education and philosophy, and the dismissal of art, literature, and science as impractical and even contemptible human pursuits.
Anti-suffragism was a political movement composed of both men and women that began in the late 19th century in order to campaign against women's suffrage in countries such as Australia, Canada, Ireland, the United Kingdom and the United States.
The Anticato (sometimes Anti-Cato; Latin: Anticatones) was a polemic written by Julius Caesar in hostile reply to Cicero's pamphlet praising Cato the Younger.
Antiphon of Rhamnus (Ἀντιφῶν ὁ Ῥαμνούσιος) (480–411 BC) was the earliest of the ten Attic orators, and an important figure in fifth-century Athenian political and intellectual life.
Antisemitic canards are unfounded rumors or false allegations which are defamatory towards Judaism as a religion, or defamatory towards Jews as an ethnic or religious group.
Antoine Pierre Joseph Marie Barnave (22 October 176129 November 1793) was a French politician, and, together with Honoré Mirabeau, one of the most influential orators of the early part of the French Revolution.
Antoine de Guiscard (1658 – 17 March 1711), also known as the Marquis de Guiscard or the Abbé de la Bourlie, was a French refugee, spy and double agent who attempted to assassinate Robert Harley, a leading British statesman, on 8 March 1711 by stabbing him with a penknife during a Privy Council meeting at Whitehall.
Anton "Tony" Chaitkin (born 1943) is an author, historian, and political activist with the LaRouche movement.
Anton Rintelen (15 November 1876 in Graz, Austria – 28 January 1946) was an Austrian academic, jurist and politician.
Antonio Fuentes Trillanes IV (born August 6, 1971) is a retired Navy officer currently serving as a senator of the Philippines.
Apostasy (ἀποστασία apostasia, "a defection or revolt") is the formal disaffiliation from, or abandonment or renunciation of a religion by a person.
Abu Said Aq Sunqur al-Hajib (also Qasim ad-Dawla or Aksungur al-Hajib) was the Seljuk governor of Aleppo under Sultan Malik Shah I. He was considered the de facto ruler of most of Syria from 1087.
The Arab Congress of 1913 (also known as the "Arab National Congress," "First Palestinian Conference," the "First Arab Congress," and the "Arab-Syrian Congress") met in a hall of the French Geographical Society (Société de Géographie) at 184 Boulevard Saint-Germain, Paris from June 18–23 in Paris to discuss reforms to grant the Arabs living under the Ottoman Empire more autonomy.
The Arakan Liberation Army (ရခိုင်ပြည် လွတ်မြောက်ရေး တပ်မတော်; abbreviated ALA) is a Rakhine insurgent group in Myanmar (Burma).
The Arakan Liberation Party (ရခိုင်ပြည် လွတ်မြောက်ရေး ပါတီ; ALP) is a Rakhine political party in Myanmar (Burma).
Archibald Douglas, 5th Earl of Angus (c. 1449October 1513), was a Scottish nobleman, peer, politician, and magnate.
Ari Ben-Menashe (Hebrew: ארי בן מנשה; born Tehran, 4 December 1951) is an Iranian-born Israeli businessman, security consultant and author.
Aelia Ariadne (c. 450 – 515) was the Empress consort of Zeno and Anastasius I of the Roman Empire.
Léonie Marie Julie Bathiat (15 May 1898 – 23 July 1992), known professionally as Arletty, was a French actress, singer, and fashion model.
Armand Louis de Gontaut, Duc de Lauzun, later duc de Biron, and usually referred to by historians of the French Revolution simply as Biron (13 April 174731 December 1793) was a French soldier and politician, known for the part he played in the American War of Independence and the French Revolutionary Wars.
Arnaldo T. Ochoa Sánchez (1930 in Cacocum, Cuba – July 13, 1989) was a prominent Cuban general who was executed by the government of Fidel Castro after being found guilty of a variety of crimes including drug smuggling and treason.
Arne Treholt (born 13 December 1942) is a former Norwegian Labour Party politician and diplomat convicted of high treason and espionage on behalf of the Soviet Union and Iraq during the Cold War.
Arrested Development is an American television sitcom created by Mitchell Hurwitz, which originally aired on Fox for three seasons from November 2, 2003, to February 10, 2006.
Arsaces was a Byzantine conspirator against Emperor Justinian I.
Arson in royal dockyards was a criminal offence in the United Kingdom and the British Empire.
Art forgery is the creating and selling of works of art which are falsely credited to other, usually more famous artists.
Art Mix (born George Washington Kesterson; June 18, 1896 – December 7, 1972), was an American character actor from the 1920s until the mid-1940s.
Artúr Görgei de Görgő et Toporc (born Arthur Görgey; görgői és toporci Görgei Artúr, Arthur Görgey von Görgő und Toporc.; 30 January 181821 May 1916) was a Hungarian military leader renowned for being one of the greatest generals of the Hungarian Revolutionary Army.
Arthur Capell, 1st Baron Capell (20 February 16089 March 1649), of Hadham Hall and Cassiobury House, Watford, both in Hertfordshire, was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1640 until 1641 when he was raised to the peerage as Baron Capell.
Sir Arthur Ignatius Conan Doyle (22 May 1859 – 7 July 1930) was a British writer best known for his detective fiction featuring the character Sherlock Holmes.
Arthur Alfred Lynch (16 October 1861 – 25 March 1934) was an Irish Australian civil engineer, physician, journalist, author, soldier, anti-imperialist and polymath.
Arthur Meyer (16 June 1844 in Le Havre – 2 February 1924 in Paris) was a French press baron.
Arthur Plantagenet, 1st Viscount Lisle, KG (died 3 March 1542) was an illegitimate son of King Edward IV, half-brother of Queen Elizabeth of York, and thus an uncle of King Henry VIII, at whose court he was a prominent figure and by whom he was appointed Lord Deputy of Calais (1533–40).
Arthur Heinrich Ludwig Zarden (27 April 1885 in Hamburg – 18 January 1944 in Berlin) was a leading personality in German tax legislation and for a short time State Secretary in the Reich Finance Ministry.
Article 58 of the Russian SFSR Penal Code was put in force on 25 February 1927 to arrest those suspected of counter-revolutionary activities.
Article Four of the United States Constitution outlines the relationship between each state and the others, and the several States and the federal government.
Article One of the United States Constitution establishes the legislative branch of the federal government, the United States Congress.
Article Three of the United States Constitution establishes the judicial branch of the federal government.
Asbjørn Edvin Sunde (12 December 1909 – 23 April 1985) was a Norwegian politician for the Communist Party of Norway, communist partisan during the Spanish Civil War, saboteur against the Nazi occupation of Norway during the Second World War, and a convicted Soviet spy.
The Ascension of Isaiah is a pseudegraphical Christian text.
Ashby St Ledgers is a village in the Daventry district of Northamptonshire, England.
Ashland is a city in Ashland and Bayfield counties in the U.S. state of Wisconsin.
Ashridge Priory was a medieval abbey of the Brothers of Penitence.
The courts of assizes or assizes were the higher criminal court in Ireland outside Dublin prior to 1924 (and continued in Northern Ireland until 1978).
The Astor House Hotel (礼查饭店), known as the Pujiang Hotel (浦江饭店) in Chinese since 1959, has been described as once "one of the famous hotels of the world".
Astronauts Gone Wild: Investigation Into the Authenticity of the Moon Landings is a 2004 documentary video produced and directed by Bart Sibrel, a Nashville, Tennessee-based video maker who charges that the six Apollo Moon landings in the 1960s and 1970s were elaborate hoaxes.
Ata Bey al-Ayyubi (25 March 1877 – 21 December 1951; عطا الأيوبي) was an Ottoman civil servant.
Athena: Goddess of War is a South Korean espionage television drama series broadcast by SBS in 2010 and a spin-off of 2009's Iris.
In English criminal law, attainder or attinctura was the metaphorical "stain" or "corruption of blood" which arose from being condemned for a serious capital crime (felony or treason).
The Attainder of the Earl of Kildare Act 1536 (28 Hen.8 c.18) was a bill of attainder passed by the Parliament of England to authorise the execution of the 10th Earl of Kildare, his uncles and Archdeacon Charles Reynolds, for treason.
The Atterbury Plot was a conspiracy led by Francis Atterbury, Bishop of Rochester and Dean of Westminster, aimed at the restoration of the House of Stuart to the throne of Great Britain.
Aughton is a village in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England.
August Sangret (28 August 1913 – 29 April 1943) was a French-Canadian soldier, convicted and subsequently hanged for the September 1942 murder of 19-year-old Joan Pearl Wolfe in Surrey, England.
Auguste Mercier (8 December 1833, Arras – 3 March 1921, Paris) was a French general and Minister of War at the time of the Dreyfus Affair.
Augustin Marlorat du Pasquier (Augustinus Marloratus) (1506-October 31, 1562) was a French Protestant reformer, executed on a treason charge.
Augustin Přeučil (3 July 1914, Třebsín – 14 April 1947, Prague) was a Czechoslovak pilot who joined the Royal Air Force while he collaborated with the Nazi Gestapo during the Second World War.
Manius Acilius Aureolus (died 268) was a Roman military commander and would-be usurper.
Australia–Zimbabwe relations are foreign relations between Australia and Zimbabwe.
Avigdor Feldman (אביגדור פלדמן, born 7 July 1948), is an influential civil and human rights lawyer in Israel.
The awards received by Edward Snowden are part of the reactions to global surveillance disclosures made by Edward Snowden.
The Axis leaders of World War II were important political and military figures during World War II.
The Axis powers (Achsenmächte; Potenze dell'Asse; 枢軸国 Sūjikukoku), also known as the Axis and the Rome–Berlin–Tokyo Axis, were the nations that fought in World War II against the Allied forces.
¡Hay un traidor en la T.I.A.! (English: There is a traitor in the T.I.A.!) is a 1983 comic written and drawn by Francisco Ibañez for the Mortadelo y Filemón (Mort & Phil) comic series.
Ástandið (Icelandic: "the condition" or "the situation") is a term used about the influence British and American soldiers had on Icelandic women during World War II.
The épuration légale (French "legal purge") was the wave of official trials that followed the Liberation of France and the fall of the Vichy Regime.
Île d'Yeu is an island and commune just off the Vendée coast of western France.
Øyvinn Øi (19 June 1901 in Hadsel, Vesterålen – 9 April 1940) was a Norwegian military officer during the outbreak of the Second World War.
was a samurai, bureaucrat, politician, entrepreneur and social activist in the late Meiji and Taishō period Empire of Japan.
The Babington Plot was a plan in 1586 to assassinate Queen Elizabeth I, a Protestant, and put Mary, Queen of Scots, her Roman Catholic cousin, on the English throne.
Babylonian law is a subset of cuneiform law that has received particular study, owing to the singular extent of the associated archaeological material that has been found for it.
is a Japanese light novel series written by Ryohgo Narita and illustrated by Katsumi Enami.
Back in the USSA is a collection of seven short stories by Eugene Byrne and Kim Newman, which was published in 1997 by Mark V. Ziesing Books.
In English mediaeval government the Baga de Secretis or Bagga de Secretis was a store of secret documents.
Bag Durbar, (बाग दरबार) is a palace built and resided by Thapa dynasty in Kathmandu, the capital of Nepal.
The Bahraini uprising of 2011 was a series of anti-government protests in Bahrain led by the Shia-dominant Bahraini Opposition from 2011 until 2014.
Bail in Canada refers to the release (or detention) of a person charged with a criminal offence prior to being tried in court or sentenced.
A bailiff (from Middle English baillif, Old French baillis, bail "custody, charge, office"; cf. bail, based on the adjectival form, baiulivus, of Latin bajulus, carrier, manager) is a manager, overseer or custodian; a legal officer to whom some degree of authority or jurisdiction is given.
Robert Baillie (known as Baillie of Jerviswood; 24 December 1684) was a Scottish conspirator implicated in the Rye House Plot against King Charles II.
Balquhidder (Both Chuidir or Both Phuidir) is a small village in the Stirling council area of Scotland.
The Bangladesh Liberation War (মুক্তিযুদ্ধ), also known as the Bangladesh War of Independence, or simply the Liberation War in Bangladesh, was a revolution and armed conflict sparked by the rise of the Bengali nationalist and self-determination movement in what was then East Pakistan during the 1971 Bangladesh genocide.
Bans on Communist symbols were introduced or suggested in a number of countries as part of their policies of decommunization.
Numerous lawsuits and ballot challenges, based on conspiracy theories related to Barack Obama's eligibility for the United States presidency, have been filed since 2008.
The title of Baron Bonville was created once in the Peerage of England.
Bartolomé de las Casas (1484 – 18 July 1566) was a 16th-century Spanish historian, social reformer and Dominican friar.
Basing House was a major Tudor palace and castle in the village of Old Basing in the English county of Hampshire.
The Batman of Earth-Two is an alternate version of the fictional superhero Batman, who appears in American comic books published by DC Comics.
The Battle of Alamance was the final battle of the War of the Regulation, a rebellion in colonial North Carolina over issues of taxation and local control.
The Battle of Blair Mountain was the largest labor uprising in United States history and one of the largest, best-organized, and most well-armed uprisings since the American Civil War.
The Battle of Langside, fought on 13 May 1568, was one of the most unusual contests in Scottish history, bearing a superficial resemblance to a grand family quarrel, in which a woman fought her brother who was defending the rights of her infant son.
The Battle of Monmouth took place on 25 November 1233, the feast day of St Catherine, between forces loyal to Henry III, King of England, and those of Richard Marshal, Earl of Pembroke and Lord Marshal of England, who had formed an alliance with the Welsh prince Llywelyn ap Iorwerth and his supporter Owain ap Gruffudd, a grandson of Rhys of Deheubarth.
The Battle of Newton was a minor skirmish that took place in the small town of Newton, Alabama, on 14 March 1865, during the final days of the U.S. Civil War.
The Battle of Preston (9–14 November 1715), also referred to as the Preston Fight, was fought during the Jacobite Rising of 1715 (often referred to as the First Jacobite Rising, or Rebellion by supporters of the Hanoverian government).
The Battle of Qala-i-Jangi (also incorrectly referred to as the "Battle of Mazar-i-Sharif") was a prisoner-of-war camp uprising that took place between November 25 and December 1, 2001, in northern Afghanistan, following the armed intervention by United States-led coalition forces to overthrow the Taliban's Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan, which had been harboring al-Qaeda operatives.
The Battle of Radcot Bridge was fought on 19 December 1387 at Radcot Bridge in England, a bridge over the River Thames now in Oxfordshire but then the boundary between Oxfordshire and Berkshire.
The Battle of Yongqiu (雍丘之戰, pinyin: Yōngqiū zhī zhàn) was a battle in Yongqiu (current Qi County, Kaifeng) in 756 AD during the An Shi Rebellion, between An Lushan and the Tang army.
Beati Paoli is the name of a secretive sect thought to have existed in medieval Sicily.
The Beer Hall Putsch, also known as the Munich Putsch,Dan Moorhouse, ed.
Beggars Ride is a 1996 science fiction novel by American writer Nancy Kress.
"Beirut Is Back" is the second episode of the second season of the American television drama series Homeland, and the 14th episode overall.
Bel Riose is a fictional character in Isaac Asimov's ''Foundation'' series.
The Bellona Foundation is an international environmental NGO based in Oslo, Norway.
Benjamin Harrison Fletcher (April 1890 – 1949) was an early 20th-century African-American labor leader and public speaker.
Ben Franklin in Paris is a musical with a book and lyrics by Sidney Michaels, and music by Mark Sandrich, Jr.
Ben Wells (born April 14, 1982 in Springfield, Illinois) is an American television and movie actor.
Benedict Arnold (Brandt (1994), p. 4June 14, 1801) was a general during the American Revolutionary War who fought heroically for the American Continental Army—then defected to the enemy in 1780.
Benigno Simeon "Igno" Aquino Sr. (September 3, 1894 – December 20, 1947), also known as Benigno S. Aquino or Benigno S. Aquino Sr., was a Filipino politician who served as Speaker of the National Assembly of the Second Philippine Republic from 1943 to 1944.
Benita Ursula von Falkenhayn, maiden name von Zollikofer-Altenklingen (14 August 1900 – 18 February 1935) was a German baroness who served as a spy for the Second Polish Republic.
Benjamin Church (c. 1639 – January 17, 1718) was an English colonist in North America.
Benjamin Gwinn Harris (December 13, 1805 – April 4, 1895) was a U.S. Representative from Maryland.
Benjamin Harrison (August 20, 1833 – March 13, 1901) was an American politician and lawyer who served as the 23rd President of the United States from 1889 to 1893.
Bernard Lazare (15 June 1865 – 1 September 1903) was a French Jewish literary critic, political journalist, polemicist, and anarchist.
Bernat II de Cabrera (Spanish: Bernardo II de Cabrera. 1298–1364) was an Aragonese nobleman, diplomat, and military commander.
The Berserker series is a series of space opera science fiction short stories and novels by Fred Saberhagen, in which robotic self-replicating machines strive to destroy all life.
Berwick is a town in York County, Maine, United States, situated in the southern part of the state beside the Salmon Falls River.
Betrayal is the breaking or violation of a presumptive contract, trust, or confidence that produces moral and psychological conflict within a relationship amongst individuals, between organizations or between individuals and organizations.
Betty Christian (born 23 November 1942) is the Communications Officer and Island Secretary of the Pitcairn Islands.
The Bhutanese Citizenship Act of 1958, officially the Nationality Law of Bhutan, 1958, is a decree by the Druk Gyalpo King Jigme Dorji Wangchuck, recognizing the definition of a Bhutanese citizen.
Bigod's rebellion of January 1537 was an armed rebellion by English Roman Catholics in Cumberland and Westmorland against King Henry VIII of England and the English Parliament.
Immediately after the liberation after World War II, the Bijzonder Gerechtshof (Dutch language, "Special Court of Justice") was a court that was established in the Netherlands to try defendants accused of committing high treason, treason and war crimes.
Biker Mice from Mars is an American animated series, a revival and semi-reboot of the show with the same name which aired from 1993–1996.
Bill Blizzard (seated) William H. "Bill" Blizzard (September 19, 1892 – July 1, 1958) was a union organizer, a commander of the miners' army during the 1921 Battle of Blair Mountain, and president of District 17 of the United Mine Workers (UMWA).
William Jesse McDonald, known as Captain Bill McDonald (September 28, 1852– January 15, 1918), was a Texas Ranger who served briefly as a bodyguard for both U.S. Presidents Theodore Roosevelt and Woodrow Wilson, opponents, along with incumbent President William Howard Taft, in the bitter 1912 United States presidential election.
A bill of attainder (also known as an act of attainder or writ of attainder or bill of pains and penalties) is an act of a legislature declaring a person or group of persons guilty of some crime and punishing them, often without a trial.
Bishweshwar Prasad Koirala (विश्वेश्वरप्रसाद कोइराला; 8 September 1914 – 21 July 1982), commonly known as B. P. Koirala, was a Nepali politician and a prolific writer.
Biswasghatak is a 1974 Bengali novel by Narayan Sanyal based on the events related to the Atomic Bomb under the Manhattan Project.
Bjørnstjerne Martinius Bjørnson (8 December 1832 – 26 April 1910) was a Norwegian writer who received the 1903 Nobel Prize in Literature "as a tribute to his noble, magnificent and versatile poetry, which has always been distinguished by both the freshness of its inspiration and the rare purity of its spirit", becoming the first Norwegian Nobel laureate.
Black Book (Zwartboek) is a Dutch-language 2006 thriller novel by Laurens Abbink Spaink.
The Black Diaries are diaries purported to have been written by the Irish revolutionary Roger Casement, which contained accounts of homosexual liaisons with young men.
In the state of Ireland, blasphemy is required to be prohibited by Article 40.6.1.i. of the 1937 Constitution.
Blennerhassett Island, an island on the Ohio River below the mouth of the Little Kanawha River, is located near Parkersburg in Wood County, West Virginia, USA.
The Bloody Assizes were a series of trials started at Winchester on 25 August 1685 in the aftermath of the Battle of Sedgemoor, which ended the Monmouth Rebellion in England.
There have been two baronetcies created for persons with the surname Blount, both in the Baronetage of England.
Boba Fett is a fictional character and bounty hunter in the ''Star Wars'' franchise.
The Boeremag is the label given to a group of men convicted of treason in South Africa, whose government described them as an extremist South African right-wing militia with white separatist aims.
Bogdan Lis (born 1952 in Gdańsk) worked in Port of Gdańsk and Elmor company.
Bonnymuir was a moorland ("bonny muir" effectively means "pretty moorland" in Scots) area near the town of Bonnybridge in Scotland.
The Bonville–Courtenay feud of 1455 engendered a series of raids, sieges, and attacks between two major Devon families, the Courtenays and the Bonvilles, in south west England, in the mid-fifteenth century.
In the context of the American Civil War (1861–65), the border states were slave states that did not declare a secession from the Union and did not join the Confederacy.
Boris Stefanov (also known as Boris Ștefanov, Draganov or Dragu; Борис Стефанов Матеев, Boris Stefanov Mateev; October 8, 1883 – October 11, 1969) was a Romanian communist politician, who served as general secretary of the Romanian Communist Party (PCR or PCdR) from 1936 to 1940.
Born Rich is a 2003 documentary film (filmed primarily between 1999-2001) about the experience of growing up in wealthy families.
Bowling Green is a home rule-class city in and the county seat of Warren County, Kentucky, United States.
Bradley Charles Birkenfeld (born February 26, 1965) is an American private banker, convicted felon, and whistleblower.
Breach of the peace, or disturbing the peace, is a legal term used in constitutional law in English-speaking countries, and in a wider public order sense in the several jurisdictions of the United Kingdom.
Bredhurst is a village and civil parish in Kent, that forms part of the Borough of Maidstone.
Brenda Ueland (October 24, 1891 – March 5, 1985) was a journalist, editor, freelance writer, and teacher of writing.
Sir Brian O'Rourke (Brian na Múrtha Ó Ruairc) (c. 1540 – 1591) was firstly king, then lord, of West Breifne in Ireland from 1566 until his execution in 1591.
Brigada (Бригада), also known as Law of the Lawless, is a Russian 15-episode crime miniseries that debuted in 2002.
Brita Olovsdotter Tott (or Thott) (in Swedish) or Birgitte Olufsdatter Thott (in Danish), (fl. 3 March 1498), called the Lady of Hammersta, was a Danish and Swedish noble, landowner, royal county administrator, spy and forger.
The British People's Party (BPP) was a British far-right political party founded in 1939 and led by ex-British Union of Fascists (BUF) member and Labour Party Member of Parliament John Beckett.
The German occupation of the Channel Islands lasted from 30 June 1940 to 9 May 1945.
Britton Bath Osler (19 June 1839 – 5 February 1901) was a Canadian lawyer and prosecutor.
Broad Street is a main pedestrianised thoroughfare and the primary high street in the English town of Reading.
Bronisława Wajs (17 August 1908, Lublin - 8 February 1987, Inowrocław) was a Polish-Romani classic poet and singer.
Brought to trial means to calendar a legal case for a hearing, or to bring a defendant to the bar of justice.
Buckingham's rebellion was a failed but significant uprising, or collection of uprisings, of October 1483 in England and parts of Wales against Richard III of England.
The Buggery Act 1533, formally An Acte for the punishment of the vice of Buggerie (25 Hen. 8 c. 6), was an Act of the Parliament of England that was passed during the reign of Henry VIII.
Sir Bulstrode Whitelocke (6 August 1605 – 28 July 1675) was an English lawyer, writer, parliamentarian and Lord Keeper of the Great Seal of England.
A burgh of regality is a type of Scottish town.
In England, burning was a legal punishment inflicted on women found guilty of high treason, petty treason and heresy.
The Burr conspiracy was a suspected treasonous cabal of planters, politicians, and army officers in the early 19th century.
Caesar Augustus Rodney (January 4, 1772 – June 10, 1824) was an American lawyer and politician from Wilmington, in New Castle County, Delaware.
Caesar von Hofacker (sometimes Cäsar) (2 March 1896 – 20 December 1944) was a German Luftwaffe Lieutenant Colonel and member of the 20 July plot against Adolf Hitler.
California Conquest is a 1952 American film, directed by Lew Landers, and starring Cornel Wilde and Teresa Wright.
The Penal Code of California forms the basis for the application of criminal law in the American state of California.
Caligula (Latin: Gaius Julius Caesar Augustus Germanicus; 31 August 12 – 24 January 41 AD) was Roman emperor from AD 37 to AD 41.
Callendar House is a mansion set within the grounds of Callendar Park in Falkirk, central Scotland.
The Canadian Fascist Party was a fascist political party based in the city of Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada in the 1930s.
The Cape Party (CAPE) is a political party in South Africa which seeks to use all constitutional and legal means to bring about independence for the Western Cape, Northern Cape (excluding two districts), six municipalities in the Eastern Cape, and one municipality in the Free State.
In Mainland China, there are 53 criminal offences eligible for the death penalty.
Capital punishment, also known as the death penalty, is a government-sanctioned practice whereby a person is put to death by the state as a punishment for a crime.
The following is a summary of the use of capital punishment by country.
Capital punishment is a legal penalty under the United States federal government criminal justice system.
Several countries have either carried out or legislated capital punishment for cannabis trafficking.
The last execution in Armenia took place on the 30 August 1991; it was carried out by a single bullet.
Capital punishment in Australia has been abolished in all jurisdictions.
Capital punishment is a legal penalty in Belarus.
Capital punishment is a long unused form of punishment in Brazil, last reported in 1876, not having been officially used since the proclamation of the Republic in 1889.
Capital punishment is a legal penalty in Brunei, although no executions have occurred since the country gained independence in 1984.
Capital punishment is a legal penalty in the U.S. state of California.
Capital punishment is a legal penalty in Cuba, however it is seldom used.
Capital punishment is a legal penalty in the U.S. state of Georgia.
Capital punishment is prohibited in Germany by constitution.
Capital punishment is a legal penalty in Iran.
Capital punishment in Israel has only been imposed two times in the history of the state and is only to be handed out for crimes committed during war time, such as genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes, crimes against the Jewish people, treason, and certain crimes under military law.
Capital punishment has been practiced in Kenya since before independence and is still provided for under Kenyan law.
Capital punishment is a legal penalty in Laos.
Capital punishment is a legal penalty in Lebanon.
Capital punishment is abolished in the U.S. state of Maine Between 1644 and 1885, 21 people were executed in Maine.
Capital punishment is a legal penalty in Malaysia.
Capital punishment in Michigan was legal from statehood in 1837 until it was abolished in 1846 for murder.
Capital punishment is a legal penalty in the U.S. state of New Hampshire.
Capital punishment is not in force in the State of New York.
Capital punishment in New Zealand first appeared in a codified form when it became a British territory in 1840, and was first employed in 1842.
Capital punishment is a legal penalty in Nigeria.
Capital punishment is a legal and often-used form of punishment in North Korea for many offences, such as grand theft, murder, rape, drug smuggling, treason, espionage, political dissidence, defection, piracy, consumption of media not approved by the government and proselytizing religious beliefs that contradict practiced Juche ideology.
Capital punishment in Norway (dødsstraff) has been constitutionally prohibited since 2014.
Capital punishment in Peru was last used in 1979.
Capital punishment in Russia currently is not allowed.
Capital punishment is a legal penalty in Saudi Arabia.
Capital punishment is a legal penalty in Singapore.
Capital punishment is a legal penalty in Sri Lanka.
Capital punishment is forbidden in Switzerland by article 10, paragraph 1 of the Swiss Federal Constitution.
Capital punishment is legal in Syria.
Capital punishment is a legal penalty in Taiwan, officially the Republic of China.
Capital punishment in the Cook Islands, a state in free association with New Zealand, was officially part of the legal system until 2007, although had never actually been put into practice.
Capital punishment (trest smrti in Czech) is forbidden by the Charter of Fundamental Rights and Freedoms of the Czech Republic (part of the constitutional law of the Czech Republic) and is simultaneously prohibited by international legal obligations arising from the Czech Republic's membership of both the Council of Europe and the European Union.
Capital punishment in the Gaza Strip is practiced by the Hamas Administration since it assumed power in 2007.
Capital punishment in the Netherlands (Dutch: doodstraf in Nederland) was abolished in 1870 in criminal law after the States General recognised it was "cruel and rude".
Capital punishment is a legal penalty in the United Arab Emirates, although it is rarely carried out.
Capital punishment in the United Kingdom was used from ancient times until the second half of the 20th century.
Capital punishment is a legal penalty in the United States, currently used by 31 states, the federal government, and the military.
Capital punishment is legal in Tonga, but has not been imposed since 1982.
Capital punishment was abolished in Vermont in 1972.
Captain Blood is a 1935 American black-and-white swashbuckling pirate film from First National Pictures and Warner Bros. Pictures, produced by Harry Joe Brown and Gordon Hollingshead (with Hal B. Wallis as executive producer), directed by Michael Curtiz, that stars Errol Flynn, Olivia de Havilland, Basil Rathbone, and Ross Alexander.
Carey or Cary Dillon, 5th Earl of Roscommon (1627–1689) was an Irish nobleman and professional soldier of the seventeenth century.
Carl Björkman (15 February 1873, Turku – 5 September 1948) was a politician on the Åland Islands, Finland.
Carl Niehaus (born 25 December 1959) is the former spokesman for South African ruling party the African National Congress, former spokesman for Nelson Mandela, and was a political prisoner after being convicted of treason against South Africa.
Carl-Olof Cronstedt the elder (3 October 1756 – 7 April 1820) was a Swedish naval commander responsible for the overwhelming Swedish victory at the Second Battle of Svensksund, one of the largest naval battles in history.
Carlbury is a hamlet in the civil parish of High Coniscliffe in County Durham, in England.
Carlo Tresca (March 9, 1879 – January 11, 1943) was an Italian-American newspaper editor, orator, and labor organizer who was a leader of the Industrial Workers of the World during the 1910s.
Carlos Mauro Hoyos Jiménez (Támesis, Antioquia, July 26, 1939 – Rionegro, Antioquia, January 25, 1988) was a Colombian jurist and politician.
Carmelo Borg Pisani (10 August 1914 – 28 November 1942) was a Maltese-born artist and Italian Fascist who, on being discovered during an espionage mission in Malta, was found guilty by a British war tribunal and executed for alleged treason.
The Caroline Divines were influential theologians and writers in the Anglican Church who lived during the reigns of King Charles I and, after the Restoration, King Charles II (Latin: Carolus).
Carry On Henry is the 21st in the series of Carry On films to be made and was released in 1971.
Caryll Molyneux, 3rd Viscount Molyneux (1623/4–1700) was an Irish peer.
The Casement Report was a 1904 document written by Roger Casement (1864–1916)—a diplomat and Irish independence fighter who was hanged on 3 August 1916 for treason, sabotage and espionage against the British Crown on the basis of collaboration with the German Empire during WWI—detailing abuses in the Congo Free State which was under the private ownership of King Leopold II of Belgium.
The Castellania (Il-Kastellanija; La Castellania), officially known as the Castellania Palace (Il-Palazz Kastellanja; Palazzo Castellania), is a former courthouse and prison in Valletta, Malta.
Castle Thunder, located between what is now 17th Street and 18th Street on northern side of E Cary Street in Richmond, Virginia, was a former tobacco warehouse, located on Tobacco Row, converted into a prison used by the Confederacy to house civilian prisoners, including captured Union spies, political prisoners and those charged with treason during the American Civil War.
Cat Ballou is a 1965 comedy Western musical film starring Jane Fonda and Lee Marvin, who won an Academy Award for Best Actor for his dual role.
Caterina Visconti (1361 – 17 October 1404) was Duchess of Milan as the second spouse of Gian Galeazzo Visconti, the first Duke of Milan, and was the mother of two succeeding Dukes of Milan, Gian Maria and Filippo Maria Visconti.
Catherine Howard (– 13 February 1542) was Queen of England from 1540 until 1541, as the fifth wife of Henry VIII.
Catherine of Aragon (16 December 1485 – 7 January 1536), was Queen of England from June 1509 until May 1533 as the first wife of King Henry VIII; she was previously Princess of Wales as the wife of Henry's elder brother Arthur.
Catherine Stenbock (Swedish: Katarina Gustavsdotter Stenbock; born at Torpa, Tranemo Municipality, Västergötland on 22 July 1535 – died at Strömsholm, Västmanland on 13 December 1621) was Queen of Sweden between 1552 and 1560 as the third and last wife of King Gustav I.
Celia Diana Savile Imrie (born 15 July 1952) is an English actress.
Censorship is a growing issue in Malaysia as it attempts to adapt to a modern knowledge-based economy.
The Centralia Massacre, also known as the Armistice Day Riot, was a violent and bloody incident that occurred in Centralia, Washington, on November 11, 1919, during a parade celebrating the first anniversary of Armistice Day.
A certificate of division was a source of appellate jurisdiction from the circuit courts to the Supreme Court of the United States from 1802 to 1911.
Chaim Mordechai Rumkowski (February 27, 1877 – August 28, 1944) was a Polish Jew and wartime businessman appointed by Nazi Germany as the head of the Council of Elders in the Łódź Ghetto during the German occupation of Poland in World War II.
Major General Chamlong Srimuang (จำลอง ศรีเมือง, born 5 July 1935) is a Thai activist and former politician.
Chang'an was an ancient capital of more than ten dynasties in Chinese history, today known as Xi'an.
The chanson de geste, Old French for "song of heroic deeds" (from gesta: Latin: "deeds, actions accomplished"), is a medieval narrative, a type of epic poem that appears at the dawn of French literature.
Major and recurring characters from the military science fiction series StarCraft are listed below, organised by respective species and most commonly affiliated faction within the fictional universe.
Charles Eugène Bedaux (10 October 1886 – 18 February 1944) was a French-born American millionaire who made his fortune developing and implementing the work measurement aspect of scientific management, notably the Bedaux System.
Charles Blount, 1st Earl of Devonshire, KG (pronounced Blunt; 15633 April 1606) was an English nobleman and soldier who served as Lord Deputy of Ireland under Queen Elizabeth I, then as Lord Lieutenant of Ireland under King James I. He succeeded to the family title of Baron Mountjoy in 1594, before commanding the Crown's forces during the final years of Tyrone's Rebellion.
Charles Brandon, 1st Duke of Suffolk, 1st Viscount Lisle, (22 August 1545) was the son of Sir William Brandon and Elizabeth Bruyn.
Charles Bruce, 3rd Earl of Ailesbury (later styled Aylesbury) and 4th Earl of Elgin (29 May 1682 – 10 February 1747), styled Viscount Bruce of Ampthill from 1685 to 1741, was a British peer.
Sir Charles Calthorpe (c.1540–1616) was an English-born Crown official and judge in Jacobean Ireland.
Charles Darnay, Charles D'Aulnais or Charles St.
Charles Gascoigne (1738–1806) was a British industrialist at the beginning of the Industrial Revolution.
Charles Howard, 2nd Earl of Berkshire KB (1615 – April 1679) was an English peer, styled Viscount Andover from 1626 to 1669, the son of Thomas Howard, 1st Earl of Berkshire and his wife Lady Elizabeth Cecil.
Charles James Fox (24 January 1749 – 13 September 1806), styled The Honourable from 1762, was a prominent British Whig statesman whose parliamentary career spanned 38 years of the late 18th and early 19th centuries and who was the arch-rival of William Pitt the Younger.
Field Marshal Charles Lennox, 3rd Duke of Richmond, 3rd Duke of Lennox, 3rd Duke of Aubigny, (22 February 1735 – 29 December 1806), styled Earl of March until 1750, was a British Army officer and politician.
Charles O'Conor (January 22, 1804 – May 12, 1884) was an American lawyer who was notable for his career as a trial advocate, and for his candidacy in the 1872 U.S. presidential election.
Charles Radclyffe (3 September 1693 – 8 December 1746) titular 5th Earl of Derwentwater, who claimed the title Fifth Earl of Derwentwater.
Charles Reynolds (c. 1496July 1535) was an Irish-born Catholic cleric.
Charles Thomas Gulick (July 25, 1841 – November 7, 1897) was a politician in the Kingdom of Hawaii.
Charles Talbot, 1st Duke of Shrewsbury, KG, PC (24 July 1660 – 1 February 1718) was an English politician who was part of the Immortal Seven group that invited William III, Prince of Orange to depose James II of England as monarch during the Glorious Revolution.
Charles the Bold (also translated as Charles the Reckless).
Charlotte d'Argenteau, Countess d'Esneux (18 October 167823 July 1710), a Belgian patrician heiress, was the beloved second wife of the Jacobite exile Thomas Bruce, 2nd Earl of Ailesbury.
Chen Gongbo (Japanese: Chin Kōhaku, October 19, 1892 – June 3, 1946) was a Chinese politician, noted for his role as second (and final) President of the collaborationist pro-Japanese Nanjing Nationalist Government during World War II.
Chen Xi (died 194) was a Chinese rebel against the first Han emperor Liu Bang (posthumously the "Emperor Gaozu" or "High Ancestor").
Cheney Clow (1734–1788) was a loyalist from Delaware Colony during the American Revolution who staged a rebellion against the colonial government that was advocating separation from Great Britain.
The Chestertown Tea Party was a protest against British excise duties which, according to local legend, took place in May 1774 in Chestertown, Maryland as a response to the British Tea Act.
Dr Chia Thye Poh (born 1941) is a Singaporean former political prisoner.
The Chief Justice of Liberia is the head of the judicial branch of the Government of the Republic of Liberia and the chief judge of the Supreme Court of Liberia.
The following is an incomplete list of the Chiefs of Clan Cameron of Lochiel (by Loch Eil), the senior line of the Cameron family.
Chike Obi (April 17, 1921 – March 13, 2008) was a Nigerian politician, mathematician and professor.
Chikurubi Prison is a maximum security prison in Zimbabwe.
Christ on Parade was a mid-late 1980s San Francisco East Bay political hardcore punk band, formed in 1985 by ex-members of Teenage Warning and peace punks Treason.
Christianity in the 1st century deals with the formative years of the Early Christian community.
Christodoulos (17 January 1939 – 28 January 2008) (Χριστόδουλος, born Christos Paraskevaidis, Χρήστος Παρασκευαΐδης) was Archbishop of Athens and All Greece and as such the primate of the Autocephalous Orthodox Church of Greece, from 1998 until his death, in 2008.
Christopher Love (1618, Cardiff, Wales – 22 August 1651, London) was a Welsh Presbyterian preacher and activist during the English Civil War.
Sir Christopher Nugent, 6th (or 14th) Baron Delvin (1544–1602) was an Anglo-Irish nobleman and writer.
Christopher Preston, 2nd Baron Gormanston (1354 – 1422) was an Anglo-Irish peer and statesman.
Christopher St Lawrence, 10th Baron Howth (c. 1568–1619) was an Anglo-Irish statesman and soldier of the late Elizabethan and Jacobean era.
Christopher St Lawrence, 5th Baron Howth (c.1485–1542) was an Anglo-Irish nobleman and statesman of the Tudor era.
Francesco (Cicco) Simonetta (1410 – 30 October 1480) was an Italian Renaissance statesman.
Cimon (– 450BC) or Kimon (Κίμων, Kimōn) was an Athenian statesman and general in mid-5th century BC Greece.
The Citizenship Clause is the first sentence of Section 1 in the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, which was adopted on July 9, 1868.
The Civic United Front (CUF; Kiswahili: Chama Cha Wananchi) is a liberal party in Tanzania.
Civil rights movements are a worldwide series of political movements for equality before the law, that peaked in the 1960s.
Clan Forbes is a Highland Scottish clan from Aberdeenshire, Scotland.
Clan Lamont (Clann Laomainn) is a Highland Scottish clan.
Clan Ramsay is a Lowland Scottish clan.
The Clan Wallace is a Lowland Scottish clan and is officially recognized as such by the Lord Lyon King of Arms.
Claudia Pulchra (PIR2 C 1116, 14 BC-AD 26) was a Patrician woman of Ancient Rome who lived during the reigns of the Roman emperors Augustus and Tiberius.
Clay Daniel Land (born March 24, 1960) is the Chief United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the Middle District of Georgia.
Clear and Present Danger is a novel by Tom Clancy, written in 1989, and is a canonical part of the Jack Ryan universe.
Clement Wainyae Sinyinda (born 2 January 1952) National Assembly of Zambia is a Zambian politician.
The Clerkenwell explosion, also known as the Clerkenwell Outrage, was a bombing in London on 13 December 1867.
Clone troopers are fictional soldiers of the Grand Army of the Republic in the ''Star Wars'' franchise created by George Lucas.
Cockburn is a Scottish surname that originated in the Borders region of the Scottish Lowlands.
Cocytus or Kokytos (Κωκυτός, literally "lamentation") is a river in the underworld in Greek mythology.
The Code of the U.S. Fighting Force is a code of conduct that is an ethics guide and a United States Department of Defense directive consisting of six articles to members of the United States Armed Forces, addressing how they should act in combat when they must evade capture, resist while a prisoner or escape from the enemy.
Coligny (Colignê) is a commune in the Ain department in eastern France.
Within nations occupied by the Axis Powers in World War II, some citizens and organizations, prompted by nationalism, ethnic hatred, anti-communism, antisemitism, opportunism, self-defense, or often a combination, knowingly collaborated with the Axis Powers.
Collective punishment is a form of retaliation whereby a suspected perpetrator's family members, friends, acquaintances, sect, neighbors or entire ethnic group is targeted.
Collins Barracks (Dún Uí Choileáin) is a former military barracks in the Arbour Hill area of Dublin, Ireland.
Come Rack! Come Rope! is a historical novel by the English priest and writer Robert Hugh Benson (1871–1914), a convert to Catholicism from Anglicanism.
Commentary on Edward Snowden's disclosure is part of the reactions to global surveillance disclosures made by Edward Snowden.
The Committee of Detail was a committee established by the United States Constitutional Convention on July 24, 1787 to put down a draft text reflecting the agreements made by the Convention up to that point, including the Virginia Plan's 15 resolutions.
The Committee of General Security was a French parliamentary committee which acted as police agency during the French Revolution that, along with the Committee of Public Safety, oversaw the Reign of Terror.
The Commonwealth Franchise Act 1902 was an Act of the Parliament of Australia which defined a uniform national criteria of who was entitled to vote in Australian federal elections.
Communications in Burundi include radio, television, fixed and mobile telephones, the Internet, and the postal service in Burundi.
The Communist Party of Ukraine (Комуністична партія України, Komunistychna Partiya Ukrayiny, KPU) is a political party founded in 1993 as the successor to the Soviet-era Communist Party of Ukraine, which was banned in 1991 and again in 2015.
Compounding a felony was an offence under the common law of England and was classified as a misdemeanour.
Compounding treason is an offence under the common law of England.
Michael Conde McGinley (October 13, 1890 – July 2, 1963) was the editor of a semi-monthly paper called Common Sense who received US-wide attention for a brief period due to his campaign against the nomination of Anna M. Rosenberg.
Condemned to Hang or Flesh for the Gallows (Spanish:Carne de horca, Italian:Il terrore dell'Andalusia) is a 1953 Italian-Spanish historical adventure film directed by Ladislao Vajda and starring Rossano Brazzi, Fosco Giachetti and Emma Penella.
The Confederate Monument of Morganfield, Kentucky is a monument to Confederate soldiers from surrounding Union County, Kentucky, of which Morganfield is the county seat.
Conrad Grayson is a fictional character on the ABC television show Revenge.
Conrad II (4 June 1039), also known as and, was Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire from 1027 until his death in 1039.
A conscience vote or free vote is a type of vote in a legislative body where legislators are allowed to vote according to their own personal conscience rather than according to an official line set down by their political party.
A conscientious objector is an "individual who has claimed the right to refuse to perform military service" on the grounds of freedom of thought, conscience, or religion.
Constance Drexel (ca. November 24, 1884 or ca. November 28, 1894 (possible; disputed) – August 28, 1956), a naturalized United States citizen,John Carver Edwards, Berlin Calling: American Broadcasters in Service to the Third Reich, Praeger Publishers (1991), pp.
Constantin G. Stere or Constantin Sterea (Romanian; Константин Егорович Стере, Konstantin Yegorovich Stere or Константин Георгиевич Стере, Konstantin Georgiyevich Stere; also known under his pen name Șărcăleanu; June 1, 1865 – June 26, 1936) was a Romanian writer, jurist, politician, ideologue of the Poporanist trend, and, in March 1906, co-founder (together with Garabet Ibrăileanu and Paul Bujor — the latter was afterwards replaced by the physician Ioan Cantacuzino) of the literary magazine Viața Românească.
Sir Constantine Henry Phipps (1656–1723) was an English-born lawyer who held the office of Lord Chancellor of Ireland.
During the reign of the Roman Emperor Constantine the Great (AD 306–337), Christianity began to transition to the dominant religion of the Roman Empire.
The Constitution of 3 May 1791 (Konstytucja 3 Maja, Gegužės trečiosios konstitucija) was adopted by the Great Sejm (parliament) of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, a dual monarchy comprising the Crown of the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania.
The Constitution of the State of Connecticut is the basic governing document of the U.S. state of Connecticut.
Constructive treason is the judicial extension of the statutory definition of the crime of treason.
In a cooperative board game, players work together in order to achieve a goal, either winning or losing as a group.
Coriolanus is a 2011 British film adaptation of William Shakespeare's tragedy Coriolanus, written by John Logan and directed by and starring Ralph Fiennes who plays the titular character.
British General Charles Cornwallis, the 1st Marquess Cornwallis was appointed in June 1798 to serve as both Lord Lieutenant of Ireland and Commander-in-Chief of Ireland, the highest civil and military posts in the Kingdom of Ireland.
The corporate veil in the United Kingdom is a metaphorical reference used in UK company law for the concept that the rights and duties of a corporation are, as a general principle, the responsibility of that company alone.
Corruption in Bolivia is a major problem that has been called an accepted part of life in the country.
The Council of Ten (Consiglio dei Dieci; Consejo de i Diexe), or simply the Ten, was, from 1310 to 1797, one of the major governing bodies of the Republic of Venice whose actions were often secretive.
Counterfeit money is imitation currency produced without the legal sanction of the state or government.
A county court is a court based in or with a jurisdiction covering one or more counties, which are administrative divisions (subnational entities) within a country, not to be confused with the medieval system of county courts held by the High Sheriff of each county.
The County Court of Victoria (formally "the County Court") was established in 1852 by the County Courts Act 1852.
The County Palatine of Tipperary Act 1715 is an Act of the Parliament of Ireland (2 Geo 1 c. 8).
The Court of Castle Chamber (which was sometimes simply called the Star Chamber) was an Irish Court of special jurisdiction which operated in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries.
The Court of Criminal Jurisdiction was a criminal court established in 1787 under the auspices of the First Charter of Justice in the British Empire of New South Wales, now a state of Australia.
The courts of Scotland are responsible for administration of justice in Scotland, under statutory, common law and equitable provisions within Scots law.
The courts of South Africa are the civil and criminal courts responsible for the administration of justice in South Africa.
The Craiovești, later Brâncovenești, were a boyar family in Wallachia who gave the country several of its Princes and held the title of Ban of Oltenia (whether of Strehaia or Craiova) for ca.
Cramer v. United States, 325 U.S. 1 (1945), was a case in which the Supreme Court of the United States reviewed the conviction of Anthony Cramer, a German-born naturalized citizen, for treason.
In ordinary language, a crime is an unlawful act punishable by a state or other authority.
The Crime and Disorder Act 1998 (c.37) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
Crime is present in various forms in Cuba though the government does not release official crime statistics.
Crime in New Zealand is generally measured by the number of offences being reported to police per 100,000 people.
According to Western experts, robberies, homicide and other violent crimes in the Soviet Union were less prevalent than in the United States because the Soviet Union had a larger police force and had a low occurrence of drug abuse.
The Crimes Act 1961 is an Act of the Parliament of New Zealand that forms a leading part of the criminal law in New Zealand.
The Crimes Act of 1790 (or the Federal Criminal Code of 1790), formally titled An Act for the Punishment of Certain Crimes Against the United States, defined some of the first federal crimes in the United States and expanded on the criminal procedure provisions of the Judiciary Act of 1789.
A criminal charge is a formal accusation made by a governmental authority (usually the public prosecutor or the police) asserting that somebody has committed a crime.
In the field of criminal law, there are a variety of conditions that will tend to negate elements of a crime (particularly the intent element), known as defenses.
Criminal jurisdiction is a term used in constitutional law and public law to describe the power of courts to hear a case brought by a state accusing a defendant of the commission of a crime.
Criminal justice is the delivery of justice to those who have committed crimes.
The Criminal Law Act 1827 (7 & 8 Geo IV c. 28) was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, applicable only to England and Wales.
The Criminal Law Act 1967 (c.58) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
The Chase Court (1864–1873) issued thirty-five opinions in criminal cases over nine years, at a significantly higher rate than the Marshall Court or Taney Court before it.
The Marshall Court (1801–1835) heard forty-one criminal law cases, slightly more than one per year.
The Criminal Lunatics Act 1800 (39 & 40 Geo 3 c 94) was an Act of the Parliament of Great Britain that required and established a set procedure for the indefinite detention of mentally ill offenders.
Criticism of Muhammad has existed since the 7th century, when Muhammad was decried by his non-Muslim Arab contemporaries for preaching monotheism, and by the Jewish tribes of Arabia for his unwarranted appropriation of Biblical narratives and figures and vituperation of the Jewish faith, proclaiming himself as "the last prophet" without performing any miracle nor showing any personal requirement demanded in the Hebrew Bible to distinguish a true prophet chosen by the God of Israel from a false claimant; for these reasons, they gave him the derogatory nickname ha-Meshuggah (מְשֻׁגָּע, "the Madman" or "the Possessed").
Cromwell is a British 1970 historical drama film written and directed by Ken Hughes.
The Crosbie Baronetcy, of Maryborough in Queen's County, was created in the Baronetage of Ireland on 24 April 1630.
Julius Caesar's crossing the Rubicon river was an event in 49 BC that precipitated the Roman Civil War, which ultimately led to Caesar's becoming dictator for life and the rise of the imperial era of Rome.
The Crow Terrace Poetry Trial (or Crow Terrace Poetry Case, 烏臺詩案) was a trial on charges including treason and lèse majesté that occurred in the year 1079 of Song dynasty era in Chinese history.
Cryptanalysis (from the Greek kryptós, "hidden", and analýein, "to loosen" or "to untie") is the study of analyzing information systems in order to study the hidden aspects of the systems.
Cryptography or cryptology (from κρυπτός|translit.
Marie Antoinette, Queen of France, is best remembered for her legendary extravagance and for her death: she was executed by guillotine during the Reign of Terror at the height of the French Revolution in 1793 for the crime of treason.
The culture of ancient Rome existed throughout almost 1200-year history of the civilization of Ancient Rome.
Dorset (or archaically, Dorsetshire), is a county in South West England on the English Channel coast.
The Cunninghams of Drumquhassle were a family of the landed gentry in Scotland from the early 16th century to the mid-17th.
CyberJudas is a presidential simulation video game for MS-DOS-compatible computers, and is the sequel to Shadow President.
D'Ken Neramani is a fictional character appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics.
Dale H. Maple (1920–2001) was a private in the United States Army in World War II who helped two German prisoners of war escape in 1943.
Damian "Spinelli" Millhouse Spinelli, is a fictional character on the ABC daytime drama, General Hospital, played by actor Bradford Anderson from November 13, 2006 to December 16, 2013.
Damnatio memoriae is a modern Latin phrase literally meaning "condemnation of memory", meaning that a person must not be remembered.
Dan Halutz (דן חלוץ,; born August 7, 1948) is an Israeli Air Force lieutenant general and former Chief of Staff of the Israel Defense Forces and commander of the Israeli Air Force.
Danger Within (American title: Breakout) is a 1959 British war film set in a prisoner of war camp in Northern Italy during the summer of 1943.
In Canada and England and Wales, certain convicted persons may be designated as dangerous offenders and subject to a longer, or indefinite, term of preventive detention in order to protect the public.
Daniel Greysolon, Sieur du Lhut (c. 1639 – 25 February 1710) was a French soldier and explorer who is the first European known to have visited the area where the city of Duluth, Minnesota, is now located and the headwaters of the Mississippi River near Bemidji, Minnesota.
Dar al-Bashair is a royal palace located in the Bir al-Azab district of Sana'a, Yemen.
Star Wars: Dark Force Rising is a 1992 Star Wars novel by Timothy Zahn, and the second book in the ''Thrawn'' trilogy.
Darkness at Noon (Sonnenfinsternis) is a novel by Hungarian-born British novelist Arthur Koestler, first published in 1940.
The Daughtry/Goo Goo Dolls Summer was a co-headlining concert tour by American rock bands Daughtry and the Goo Goo Dolls.
David Browning Culberson (September 29, 1830 – May 7, 1900) was a Confederate soldier, a Democratic U.S. Representative from Texas and Chairman of the House Judiciary Committee.
David Fitz-James de Barry, 18th Baron Barry, 5th Viscount Buttevant (c. 1550 – 10 April 1617) was an Irish peer.
David Glasgow Farragut (also spelled Glascoe; July 5, 1801 – August 14, 1870) was a flag officer of the United States Navy during the American Civil War.
David Hosack (August 31, 1769 – December 22, 1835) was a noted American physician, botanist, and educator.
David I or Dauíd mac Maíl Choluim (Modern: Daibhidh I mac Chaluim; – 24 May 1153) was a 12th-century ruler who was Prince of the Cumbrians from 1113 to 1124 and later King of the Scots from 1124 to 1153.
David Lindsay, 11th Earl of Crawford (1547?–1607) was a Scottish nobleman and privy councilor.
David Monroe Shoup (30 December 1904 – 13 January 1983) was a decorated general of the United States Marine Corps who was awarded the Medal of Honor in World War II, became the 22nd Commandant of the Marine Corps, and, after retiring, became one of the most prominent critics of the Vietnam War.
Dawit Kebede (Ge'ez: ዳዊት ከበደ) (born September 11, 1980), is an Ethiopian journalist and winner of the 2010 CPJ International Press Freedom Award.
The Dáil Courts were the judicial branch of government of the short-lived Irish Republic, during the Irish War of Independence.
Dealul Spirii Trial (Romanian: Procesul din Dealul Spirii) was a political trial conducted by a military tribunal in the Kingdom of Romania.
Death is the cessation of all biological functions that sustain a living organism.
This article is about death in the different cultures around the world as well as ethical issues relating to death, such as martyrdom, suicide and euthanasia.
Deliberately causing death through the effects of combustion, or effects of exposure to extreme heat, has a long history as a form of capital punishment.
Ben Zygier was an Australian-Israeli citizen who was a veteran of the Israel Defense Forces and allegedly an agent of Mossad.
Joseph Smith, the founder and leader of the Latter Day Saint movement, and his brother Hyrum Smith were killed by a mob in Carthage, Illinois, on June 27, 1844.
A death squad is an armed group that conducts extrajudicial killings or forced disappearances of persons for the purposes of political repression, genocide, or revolutionary terror.
A death threat is a threat, often made anonymously, by one person or a group of people to kill another person or group of people.
Debasement is the formal term for removal of a knighthood or other honour.
Decapitation is the complete separation of the head from the body.
The Decembrist revolt or the Decembrist uprising (r) took place in Imperial Russia on.
The dechristianization of France during the French Revolution is a conventional description of the results of a number of separate policies conducted by various governments of France between the start of the French Revolution in 1789 and the Concordat of 1801, forming the basis of the later and less radical laïcité policies.
The Declaration of the clergy of France was a four article document of the 1681 Assembly of the French clergy promulgated in 1682 which codified the principles of Gallicanism into a system for the first time in an official and definitive formula.
Declare (2001) is a supernatural spy novel by American author Tim Powers.
Defeatism is the acceptance of defeat without struggle, often with negative connotations.
In politics, a defector is a person who gives up allegiance to one state in exchange for allegiance to another, in a way which is considered illegitimate by the first state.
The Defiance Campaign against Unjust Laws was presented by the African National Congress (ANC) at a conference held in Bloemfontein, South Africa in December 1951.
Delator (plural Delatores) is Latin for a denouncer, i.e. who indicates to a court another as having committed a punishable deed.
Chief Dele Momodu (born Ayòbámidélé Àbáyòmí Ojútelégàn Àjàní Momodu; 16 May 1960) is a Nigerian journalist/publisher, businessman, philanthropist and motivational speaker.
The Demonstration of 20 June 1792 (Journée du 20 juin 1792) was the last peaceful attempt made by the people of Paris to persuade King Louis XVI of France to abandon his current policy and attempt to follow what they believed to be a more empathetic approach to governing.
Denis Valentinovich Berezovsky (born Kharkiv, July 15, 1974) is a Rear Admiral and the Russian Black Sea Fleet deputy commander.
The term Derby Gaol historically refers to the five gaols in Derby, England.
The Dervish state (Dawlada Daraawiish, دولة الدراويش Dawlat ad-Darāwīsh) was an early 20th-century Somali Muslim kingdom.
The descendants of Charles II of England, Stuart monarch of the Kingdoms of England, Scotland and Ireland and claimant to the Kingdom of France, are numerous; lines from his many illegitimate children exist to this day.
In military terminology, desertion is the abandonment of a duty or post without permission (a pass, liberty or leave) and is done with the intention of not returning.
The Desmond Rebellions occurred in 1569–1573 and 1579–1583 in the Irish province of Munster.
Desperate Living is a 1977 American comedy film directed, produced, and written by John Waters.
Detlev Vogel (born 1942) is a German historian who specialises in the history of Nazi Germany and World War II.
Dhimmitude is a neologism borrowed from the French language and popularized as a polemical term by writer Bat Ye'or.
Diane de Poitiers (3 September 1499 – 25 April 1566) was a French noblewoman and a prominent courtier at the courts of king Francis I and his son, King Henry II of France.
Richard Joseph Durbin (born November 21, 1944) is an American politician serving as the senior United States Senator from Illinois since 1997.
Dies the Fire is a 2004 alternate history and post-apocalyptic novel written by S. M. Stirling.
Dimitar Obshti (Димитър Общи) was a 19th-century Bulgarian revolutionary, who fought for the liberation of Bulgaria, Serbia and Crete from the Ottoman Empire, as well as for the Risorgimento of Italy.
Dimitrios Ioannidis (Δημήτριος Ιωαννίδης; 13 March 1923 – 16 August 2010), also known as Dimitris Ioannidis, was a Greek military officer and one of the leading figures in the Greek military junta of 1967–1974.
Dinuzulu kaCetshwayo (1868 – 18 October 1913, commonly misspelled Dinizulu) was the king of the Zulu nation from 20 May 1884 until his death in 1913.
The Directives for Military officers and Military Commanders upon an Armed Attack on Norway (Direktiver for militære befalingsmenn og militære sjefer ved væpnet angrep på Norge) is commonly referred to as “the poster on the wall” (plakaten på veggen) since it was posted in every military office wall until after the Cold War ended.
Disfranchisement (also called disenfranchisement) is the revocation of the right of suffrage (the right to vote) of a person or group of people, or through practices, prevention of a person exercising the right to vote.
Disownment is the formal act or condition of forcibly renouncing or no longer accepting one's consanguineous child as a member of one's family or kin.
The Dissolution of the Monasteries, sometimes referred to as the Suppression of the Monasteries, was the set of administrative and legal processes between 1536 and 1541 by which Henry VIII disbanded monasteries, priories, convents and friaries in England and Wales and Ireland, appropriated their income, disposed of their assets, and provided for their former personnel and functions.
The District Court of New South Wales is the intermediate court in the judicial hierarchy of the Australian state of New South Wales.
The doctrine of capacities is a concept in the political theory of medieval England, making a distinction between the person of the King and the institution of the Crown.
Domentzia was a name shared by the mother of the Byzantine emperor Phocas (r. 602–610), and a daughter of the same emperor, likely named after her paternal grandmother.
Domingo Martínez de Irala (c. 1509 Bergara, Gipuzkoa – c. 1556 Asunción, Paraguay) was a Spanish Basque conquistador.
Domingo Rey d'Harcourt (Born, Pamplona, Spain, 1883 - died, Ponts de Molins, Catalonia, Spain, February 7. 1939) was a Nationalist commander during the Spanish Civil War.
Dominick Sarsfield, 1st Viscount Sarsfield of Kilmallock (c. 15701636) was an Irish peer and judge who became Chief Justice of the Irish Common Pleas, but was removed from office for corruption and died in disgrace.
Donald Satterlee Day (May 15, 1895 – October 1, 1966) was an American reporter in northern Europe for the Chicago Tribune in the 1920s and 1930s.
Dong Zhuo (died 22 May 192), courtesy name Zhongying, was a military general and warlord who lived in the late Eastern Han dynasty of China.
Dorothy Percy (née Devereux), Countess of Northumberland (formerly Perrot, née Devereux; c. 1564 – 3 August 1619) was the younger daughter of Walter Devereux, 1st Earl of Essex by Lettice Knollys, and the wife of Henry Percy, 9th Earl of Northumberland.
Dorothy Spencer (née Sidney; later Smythe), Countess of Sunderland (5 October 1617 (baptised) – 5 February 1684), was the wife of Henry Spencer, 1st Earl of Sunderland, and the daughter of Robert Sidney, 2nd Earl of Leicester, and Lady Dorothy Percy.
Dorothy Stafford, Lady Stafford (1 October 1526 – 22 September 1604) was an English noblewoman, and an influential person at the court of Queen Elizabeth I of England, to whom Dorothy served as Mistress of the Robes.
In the field of counterintelligence, a double agent (also double secret agent) is an employee of a secret intelligence service for one country, whose primary purpose is to spy on a target organization of another country, but who, in fact, has been discovered by the target organization and is now spying on their own country's organization for the target organization.
Douglas Chandler (May 26, 1889 – unknown) was an American broadcaster of Nazi propaganda during World War II.
The Douglases of Mains are a branch of the Clan Douglas, related to the Lords of Douglas through Archibald I, Lord of Douglas.
Doune Castle is a medieval stronghold near the village of Doune, in the Stirling district of central Scotland.
Dragons: Fire & Ice is a 2004 computer-animated CGI adventure film and the first of a two-part series based on the Mega Bloks toyline.
Dramaturgy is a sociological perspective commonly used in microsociological accounts of social interaction in everyday life.
Drapier's Letters is the collective name for a series of seven pamphlets written between 1724 and 1725 by the Dean of St Patrick's Cathedral in Dublin, Jonathan Swift, to arouse public opinion in Ireland against the imposition of a privately minted copper coinage that Swift believed to be of inferior quality.
Dream Chronicles 2: The Eternal Maze, also known as Dream Chronicles: The Eternal Maze, and often shortened to Dream Chronicles 2 or The Eternal Maze, is a 2008 adventure, hidden object, and puzzle casual game developed by KatGames and originally published by PlayFirst.
Dreamfall: The Longest Journey (Drømmefall: Den lengste reisen) is an adventure video game developed by Funcom for Microsoft Windows and Xbox platforms in April 2006.
The Dreyfus Affair (l'affaire Dreyfus) was a political scandal that divided the Third French Republic from 1894 until its resolution in 1906.
Dudd (Dud) Dudley (1600–1684) was an English metallurgist, who fought on the Royalist side in the English Civil War as a soldier, military engineer, and supplier of munitions.
The Dujail Massacre refers to the events following an assassination attempt against the Iraqi president, Saddam Hussein, on 8 July 1982 in Dujail.
Dunmore's Proclamation, is a historical document signed on November 7, 1775, by John Murray, 4th Earl of Dunmore, royal governor of the British Colony of Virginia.
Duress in English law is a complete common law defence, operating in favour of those who commit crimes because they are forced or compelled to do so by the circumstances, or the threats of another.
Inkhosikati LaShongwe (b. Dzeliwe Shongwe 1927 – 2003) was Queen Regent of Swaziland between 21 September 1982 and 9 August 1983.
Edmund Dene Morel (born Georges Eduard Pierre Achille Morel de Ville; 10 July 1873 – 12 November 1924) was a British journalist, author, pacifist, and politician.
Earl of Seaforth was a title in the Peerage of Scotland and the Peerage of Ireland.
Thomas Jefferson, the third president of the United States, was involved in politics from his early adult years.
East Pakistan was the eastern provincial wing of Pakistan between 1955 and 1971, covering the territory of the modern country Bangladesh.
1920 photograph of William Butler Yeats Easter, 1916 is a poem by W. B. Yeats describing the poet's torn emotions regarding the events of the Easter Rising staged in Ireland against British rule on Easter Monday, April 24, 1916.
Eastern Bloc media and propaganda was controlled directly by each country's Communist party, which controlled the state media, censorship and propaganda organs.
"Echo" is the thirteenth episode and the season finale of the second season of the American television drama series The Americans, and the 26th overall episode of the series.
Edith Louisa Cavell (4 December 1865 – 12 October 1915) was a British nurse.
Edmond Dantès is a title character and the protagonist of Alexandre Dumas, père's 1844 adventure novel The Count of Monte Cristo.
Edmund Kirby Smith (May 16, 1824 – March 28, 1893) was a career United States Army officer who fought in the Mexican-American War.
Edmund of Woodstock, 1st Earl of Kent (5 August 1301 – 19 March 1330) was the sixth son of Edward I of England, and a younger half-brother of Edward II.
Sir Edward Atkyns SL (1587–1669) was an English judge, a baron of the exchequer of the Commonwealth period.
Sir Edward Atkyns (c 1630 – October 1698) was an English lawyer and politician who sat in the House of Commons in 1660.
Edward Bocking (died 1534) was a controversial monk during the reign of King Henry VIII.
Sir Edward Darrell (1465/66 – 1530), of Littlecote, Wiltshire, was an English politician.
Edward Leo Delaney (December 12, 1885 – July 1, 1972) was an American broadcaster of Nazi propaganda during World War II.
Edward Oxford (19 April 1822 – 23 April 1900) was the first of seven people who tried to assassinate Queen Victoria.
Edward Seymour, 1st Duke of Somerset (c. 1500 – 22 January 1552) was Lord Protector of England during part of the Tudor period from 1547 until 1549 during the minority of his nephew, King Edward VI (1547–1553).
Edward Joseph Snowden (born June 21, 1983) is an American computer professional, former Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) employee, and former contractor for the United States government who copied and leaked classified information from the National Security Agency (NSA) in 2013 without authorization.
Edward VI (12 October 1537 – 6 July 1553) was King of England and Ireland from 28 January 1547 until his death.
Edwin Cameron (born 15 February 1953 in Pretoria) is a judge on the Constitutional Court of South Africa.
Ehud "Udi" Adiv (אהוד "אודי" אדיב) (born June 21, 1946) is an Israeli political scienctist and lecturer at the Open University of Israel.
Einar Olav Dønnum (19 April 1897 – 22 April 1947) was a Norwegian Nazi collaborator who was executed during the legal purge in Norway after World War II.
Einar "Texas" Ljungberg (26 August 1880 - 6 December 1974) was a Swedish Socialist politician.
Einhänder is a scrolling shooter developed by Square for the PlayStation console.
Season two of the 2016 edition of El Gran Show premiered on July 30, 2016.
Elżbieta Zawacka (19 March 1909 – 10 January 2009), known also by her war-time nom de guerre Zo, was a Polish university professor, scouting instructor, SOE agent and a freedom fighter during World War II.
Elfriede Brüning (8 November 1910 – 5 August 2014) was a Communist German journalist and novelist.
Elfriede Jelinek (born 20 October 1946) is an Austrian playwright and novelist.
Elisha Baxter (September 1, 1827May 31, 1899) was the tenth Governor of the State of Arkansas.
Elizabeth Amadas (née Bryce) (died 1532) was a lady at the royal court of King Henry VIII of England who was accused of treason, and who claimed to have been the target of the King's advances.
Sister Elizabeth Barton (1506 – 20 April 1534), known as "The Nun of Kent", "The Holy Maid of London", "The Holy Maid of Kent" and later "The Mad Maid of Kent", was an English Catholic nun.
Elizabeth Boleyn, Countess of Wiltshire (née Lady Elizabeth Howard; c. 1480 – 3 April 1538) was an English noblewoman, noted for being the mother of Anne Boleyn and as such the maternal grandmother of Elizabeth I of England.
Elizabeth Cellier (commonly known as Mrs. Cellier and dubbed the "Popish Midwife"), flourished 1668–1688, London, England, was a notable Catholic midwife in seventeenth-century England.
Lady Elizabeth FitzGerald, Countess of Lincoln (1527 – March 1590), also known as The Fair Geraldine, was an Irish noblewoman and a member of the celebrated FitzGerald dynasty.
Elizabeth Mortimer, Baroness Camoys (12 February 1371 – 20 April 1417) was an English noblewoman, the granddaughter of Lionel of Antwerp, 1st Duke of Clarence, and great-granddaughter of King Edward III.
Elizabeth Seymour (c. 1518 – 19 March 1568) was the daughter of Sir John Seymour of Wulfhall, Wiltshire and Margery Wentworth.
Lady Elizabeth Stafford (later Duchess of Norfolk) (c.1497 – 30 November 1558) was the eldest daughter of Edward Stafford, 3rd Duke of Buckingham and Lady Eleanor Percy.
Elvira of Sicily (died in 1231) was a member of the House of Hauteville who claimed the throne of the Kingdom of Sicily.
Emilio De Bono (19 March 1866 – 11 January 1944) was an Italian General, fascist activist, Marshal, and member of the Fascist Grand Council (Gran Consiglio del Fascismo).
Amanda Clarke-Porter (previously Grayson; Emily Rebecca Thorne) is a fictional character and the main protagonist of the ABC television series Revenge, portrayed by Emily VanCamp.
Emmerson Dambudzo Mnangagwa (US:; born 15 September 1942) is a Zimbabwean politician serving as the third and current President of Zimbabwe since 24 November 2017.
Emperor Wen of Han (202 BC – 6 July 157 BC) was the fifth emperor of the Han Dynasty of ancient China.
Empress Dou (died 135 BC), formally Empress Xiaowen (孝文皇后), was an empress of the Chinese Han dynasty who greatly influenced the reigns of her husband Emperor Wen and her son Emperor Jing with her adherence to Taoist philosophy; she was the main support for the Huang-Lao school.
Empress Wang of Jing (孝景王皇后, 173 BC - 126 BC), also known by her birth name Wang Zhi (王娡) and by her title Lady Wang, was an empress during the Han Dynasty.
An enemy of the State is a person accused of certain crimes against the state, such as treason.
The English Civil War (1642–1651) was a series of armed conflicts and political machinations between Parliamentarians ("Roundheads") and Royalists ("Cavaliers") over, principally, the manner of England's governance.
English criminal law refers to the body of law in the jurisdiction of England and Wales which deals with crimes and their consequences, and which is complementary to the civil law of England and Wales.
Between 1639 and 1651 English overseas possessions were involved in the Wars of the Three Kingdoms, a series of civil wars and wars that were fought in and between England, Scotland and in Ireland.
Viscount was a Japanese samurai and admiral of the Tokugawa navy of Bakumatsu-period Japan, who remained faithful to the Tokugawa shogunate and fought against the new Meiji government until the end of the Boshin War.
Enver Halil Hoxha (16 October 190811 April 1985) was an Albanian communist politician who served as the head of state of Albania from 1944 until his death in 1985, as the First Secretary of the Party of Labour of Albania.
Ephraim Benoni Hall (August 25, 1822 – January 15, 1898) was the second West Virginia Attorney General.
Ergo decedo, Latin for "therefore leave" or "then go off", a truncation of argumentum ergo decedo, and colloquially denominated the traitorous critic fallacy, denotes responding to the criticism of a critic by implying that the critic is motivated by undisclosed favorability or affiliation to an out-group, rather than responding to the criticism itself.
Eric Michael O'Neill (born March 3, 1973) is an American former FBI counter-terrorism and counterintelligence operative.
Reginald Eric Pleasants (May 17, 1913 – July 1998) was a British citizen during World War II who defected to serve in the Waffen-SS.
Erich Gimpel (25 March 1910 in Merseburg – 3 September 2010 in Sao Paulo) was a German spy during World War II.
Erika Holzer is an American novelist and essayist who was a close associate of Ayn Rand.
Ernst Peter Burger (September 1, 1906 – October 9, 1975) was a German-American who was a spy and saboteur for Germany during World War II.
Ernst Julius Günther Röhm (28 November 1887 – 1 July 1934) was a German military officer and an early member of the Nazi Party.
The Escape of Traitors Act 1572 (14 Eliz. I c.2), full title An Act against such as shall conspire or practice the enlargement of any prisoner committed for high treason, was an Act of Parliament of the Parliament of England enacted during the reign of Elizabeth I. The Act provided that it was henceforth a crime to conspire to "set at liberty" any person imprisoned on the Queen's orders for treason (or suspicion of treason) against the Queen's person.
Escheat is a common law doctrine that transfers the real property of a person who died without heirs to the Crown or state.
Eskinder Nega (Ge'ez: እስክንድር ነጋ, born c. 1968) is an Ethiopian journalist and blogger who has been jailed seven times by the Ethiopian government on convictions for treason and terrorism.
Espionage or spying, is the act of obtaining secret or confidential information without the permission of the holder of the information.
The Espionage Act of 1917 is a United States federal law passed on June 15, 1917, shortly after the U.S. entry into World War I. It has been amended numerous times over the years.
"EST Men" is the third season premiere of the American television drama series The Americans, and the 27th overall episode of the series.
Ettayapuram is a panchayat town in Thoothukudi district of Tamil Nadu, India.
Euphraeus (Εὐφραῖος; fl. c. 4th century BC; d. ca. 342 BC/341 BC) was a philosopher and student of Plato from the town of Oreus in northern Euboea.
Eusebia (†360, full name Flavia Aurelia Eusebia, sometimes known as Aurelia Eusebia) was the second wife of Emperor Constantius II.
Evil May Day or Ill May Day is the name of a riot which took place in 1517 as a protest against foreigners living in London.
Execution by firing squad, in the past sometimes called fusillading (from the French fusil, rifle), is a method of capital punishment, particularly common in the military and in times of war.
President Harry S. Truman signed United States Executive Order 9835, sometimes known as the "Loyalty Order", on March 21, 1947.
Executive privilege is the power of the President of the United States and other members of the executive branch of the United States Government to resist certain subpoenas and other interventions by the legislative and judicial branches of government in pursuit of information or personnel relating to the executive.
Exomvourgo or Exobourgo (Εξώμβουργο/Εξώμπουργκο, /) is a mountain on the island of Tinos.
Expulsion is the most serious form of disciplinary action that can be taken against a Member of Congress.
Extraction is a 2015 American direct-to-video action film directed by Steven C. Miller and written by Umair Aleem.
Extradition law in the United States is the formal process by which a fugitive found in the United States is surrendered to another country or state for trial or punishment.
Ezra Weston Loomis Pound (30 October 1885 – 1 November 1972) was an expatriate American poet and critic, as well as a major figure in the early modernist poetry movement.
Fadil Hoxha (Serbian: Фадиљ Хоџа, Fadilj Hodža) (15 March 1916 – 22 April 2001) was an ethnic Albanian Yugoslavian politician from Kosovo.
Throwing or dropping people from great heights has been used as a form of execution since ancient times.
A false confession is an admission of guilt for a crime for which the confessor is not responsible.
Falsehood in War-time, Containing an Assortment of Lies Circulated Throughout the Nations During the Great War, written by Arthur Ponsonby in 1928Arthur Ponsonby, Falsehood in War-Time: Containing an Assortment of Lies Circulated Throughout the Nations During the Great War (London: Garland Publishing Company, 1928) lists and refutes pieces of propaganda used by the Allied Forces (Russia, France, Britain and the United States) against the Central Powers (Germany, Austria-Hungary, Turkey and Bulgaria).
Farleigh Hungerford Castle, sometimes called Farleigh Castle or Farley Castle, is a medieval castle in Farleigh Hungerford, Somerset, England.
The FBI Most Wanted Terrorists was a list created and first released on October 10, 2001, with the authority of United States President Bush, following the September 11 attacks on the United States.
The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), formerly the Bureau of Investigation (BOI), is the domestic intelligence and security service of the United States, and its principal federal law enforcement agency.
The Federal Correctional Institution, Danbury (FCI Danbury) is a low-security United States federal prison for male inmates in Danbury, Connecticut.
The federal government of the United States (U.S. federal government) is the national government of the United States, a constitutional republic in North America, composed of 50 states, one district, Washington, D.C. (the nation's capital), and several territories.
The Federalist Era in American history ran from roughly 1788-1800, a time when the Federalist Party and its predecessors were dominant in American politics.
Fedir Parfenovych Bohatyrchuk (also Bogatirchuk, Bohatirchuk, Bogatyrtschuk) (in Ukrainian: Федір Парфенович Богатирчук, Fedir Parfenovych Bohatyrchuk; in Russian: Фёдор Парфеньевич Богатырчук, Fyodor Parfenyevich Bogatyrchuk) (27 November 1892 – 4 September 1984) was a Russian-Soviet-Ukrainian-Canadian International Master of chess, and an International Master of correspondence chess.
The term fellow traveller (also fellow traveler) identifies a person who is intellectually sympathetic to the ideology of a political organization, and who co-operates in the organization's politics, without being a formal member of that organization.
The term felony, in some common law countries, is defined as a serious crime.
Felony disenfranchisement is the exclusion from voting of people otherwise eligible to vote (known as disfranchisement) due to conviction of a criminal offense, usually restricted to the more serious class of crimes: felonies (crimes of incarceration for a duration of more than a year).
Feminism in Russia originated in the 18th century, influenced by the Western European Enlightenment and mostly confined to the aristocracy.
Archibald Fenner Brockway, Baron Brockway (1 November 1888 – 28 April 1988), was a British anti-war activist and politician.
Feodor Fedorenko, or Fyodor Federenko (Федір Федоренко; Fedir Fedorenko; Фёдор Демьянович Федоренко; 17 September 1907 – c. July 1987) was a war criminal serving at Treblinka extermination camp in German occupied Poland during World War II.
Marshal Ferdinand Jean Marie Foch (2 October 1851 – 20 March 1929) was a French general and military theorist who served as the Supreme Allied Commander during the First World War.
Charles Marie Ferdinand Walsin Esterhazy (16 December 1847 – 21 May 1923) was an officer in the French Army from 1870 to 1898.
Ferenc Kölcsey (archaically English: Francis Kolcsey, 8 August 1790 in Sződemeter – 24 August 1838) was a Hungarian poet, literary critic, orator, and politician, noted for his support of the liberal current inside the Habsburg Empire.
Fernand-Gustave-Gaston Labori (April 18, 1860 – March 14, 1917) was a French attorney.
Count Fidél Pálffy de Erdőd (6 May 1895 Svätý Jur – 2 March 1946 Budapest) was a Hungarian nobleman who emerged as a leading supporter of Nazism in Hungary.
Fiji Week was a week of prayer meetings and multicultural programmes that took place the week of 4–11 October 2004.
Relationships between Fiji and Papua New Guinea became strained in November 2005 in the wake of reports that 9 Fijian soldiers believed to be mercenaries had reportedly entered the disputed territory of the Kingdom of Me'ekamui on Bougainville in Papua New Guinea illegally and were arming and training a private militia on the island of Bougainville.
Fikri Mehmet Karadağ is a retired Turkish army colonel who was indicted for treason in the Ergenekon investigation for allegedly heading ultra-nationalist organizations called the Association for the Union of Patriotic Forces (Vatansever Kuvvetler Güç Birliği Hareketi), and the Kuvayı Milliye Derneği (National Forces Society).
is a fantasy role-playing video game developed and published by Square Enix for the PlayStation 2 home video console.
The Finnish Civil War was a conflict for the leadership and control of Finland during the country's transition from a Grand Duchy of the Russian Empire to an independent state.
Fire from Heaven is a 1969 historical novel by Mary Renault about the childhood and youth of Alexander the Great.
FireHollywood, later named Patriotic Americans Boycotting Anti-American Hollywood (or PABAAH) was a US nationalist-conservative organization that called for the boycott of Hollywood films made by film makers who have made statements deemed by the group to be "unpatriotic," "anti-American" or treasonous.
The 1st Division (1.ª División)Carlos Engel, Historia de las Brigadas Mixtas del E. P. de la República, 1999 was a division of the Spanish Republican Army in the Spanish Civil War.
The First Succession Act of Henry VIII's reign was passed by the Parliament of England in March 1534.
The Fitzharris Baronetcy, of Kilfinin in the County of Limerick, was a title in the Baronetage of Ireland.
The Flavian dynasty was a Roman imperial dynasty, which ruled the Roman Empire between 69 AD and 96 AD, encompassing the reigns of Vespasian (69–79), and his two sons Titus (79–81) and Domitian (81–96).
Flaying, also known colloquially as skinning, is a method of slow and painful execution in which skin is removed from the body.
Football hooliganism is the term used to describe disorderly, violent or destructive behaviour perpetrated by spectators at association football events.
The Forfeiture Act 1870 (c. 23) is a British Act of Parliament that abolished the automatic forfeiture of goods and land as a punishment for treason and felony.
Fort Stoddert/Stoddard was a stockade fort in the Mississippi Territory, in what is today Alabama.
The Forty Martyrs of England and Wales are a group of Catholic men and women executed for treason and related offences between 1535 and 1679.
Fotheringhay Castle (also Fotheringay Castle) was in the village of Fotheringhay to the north of the market town of Oundle, Northamptonshire.
The Fourteenth Amendment (Amendment XIV) to the United States Constitution was adopted on July 9, 1868, as one of the Reconstruction Amendments.
In the US, a frame-up (frameup) or setup is the act of framing someone, that is, providing false evidence or false testimony in order to falsely prove someone guilty of a crime.
François Achille Bazaine (13 February 181123 September 1888) was an officer of the French army.
François Barbé-Marbois, marquis de Barbé-Marbois (31 January 1745 – 12 February 1837) was a French politician.
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
Frances Seymour, Duchess of Somerset (née Devereux; 30 September 1599 – 24 April 1674), was an English noblewoman who lived during the reigns of Elizabeth I, James I, Charles I and Charles II.
Francis Atterbury (6 March 166322 February 1732) was an English man of letters, politician and bishop.
Francis Dereham (c 1513 – executed) was a Tudor courtier whose involvement with Henry VIII's fifth Queen, Catherine Howard in her youth, was a principal cause of the Queen's execution.
Sir Francis Drake (– 28 January 1596) was an English sea captain, privateer, slave trader, naval officer and explorer of the Elizabethan era.
Francis Stewart, 5th Earl of Bothwell (c.December 1562 – November 1612) was Commendator of Kelso Abbey and Coldingham Priory, a Privy Counsellor and Lord High Admiral of Scotland.
Sir Francis Weston KB (1511 – 17 May 1536) was a gentleman of the Privy Chamber at the court of King Henry VIII of England.
Francis William Drake (1724 – 1788/9) was an officer of the Royal Navy.
Francisco de Cuéllar was a Spanish sea captain who sailed with the Spanish Armada in 1588 and was wrecked on the coast of Ireland.
Francisco de Lucena (c. 1578 – 28 April 1643) was a Portuguese nobleman and King John IV's first Secretary of State (Head of Government), and the first after the Restoration War and end of the Iberian Union.
Sebastián Francisco de Miranda y Rodríguez de Espinoza (March 28, 1750 – July 14, 1816), commonly known as Francisco de Miranda, was a Venezuelan military leader and revolutionary.
Francisco Macías Nguema (born Mez-m Ngueme; Africanised to Masie Nguema Biyogo Ñegue Ndong) (1 January 1924 – 29 September 1979) was the first President of Equatorial Guinea, from 1968 until his overthrow and subsequent execution in 1979.
Francis "Frank" O'Beirne (1898 – 7 February 1978) was a farmer, businessman, Irish republican activist and Fianna Fáil politician in County Sligo.
Frank Soskice, Baron Stow Hill, (23 July 1902 – 1 January 1979) was a British lawyer and Labour Party politician.
Fraternization (from Latin frater, brother) is "turning people into brothers" by conducting social relations with people who are actually unrelated and/or of a different class (especially those with whom one works) as if they were siblings, family members, personal friends, or lovers.
Frederick William Mulley, Baron Mulley, PC (3 July 1918 – 15 March 1995) was a British Labour politician, barrister-at-law and economist.
Frederick Wilhelm Kaltenbach (March 29, 1895 – c. October 1945) was an American of German origin who broadcast Nazi propaganda from Germany during World War II.
Free France and its Free French Forces (French: France Libre and Forces françaises libres) were the government-in-exile led by Charles de Gaulle during the Second World War and its military forces, that continued to fight against the Axis powers as one of the Allies after the fall of France.
The Penal Code of 1810 was created under Napoleon, as a replacement of the Code des délits et des peines of 1795, that was itself replacing the French Penal Code of 1791.
The French theatre of the late 18th century functioned as a forum for political expression and debate; during this period, society and art became highly politicised.
Friedrich Gustav Jaeger (25 September 1895 – 21 August 1944) was a resistance fighter in Nazi Germany and a member of the 20 July Plot.
Funnyhouse of a Negro is a one-act play by Adrienne Kennedy.
A fuzzy concept is a concept of which the boundaries of application can vary considerably according to context or conditions, instead of being fixed once and for all.
Fyresdal is a municipality in Telemark county, Norway.
Gabon, officially the Gabonese Republic (République gabonaise), is a sovereign state on the west coast of Central Africa.
The Gadianton robbers, according to the Book of Mormon, were a secret criminal organization in ancient America.
The Galactic Empire is a fictional autocracy featured in the Star Wars franchise.
Gallatin County, is a county in the northeastern part of the U.S. state of Kentucky.
Garret Moore, 1st Viscount Moore PC (I) (1564 – 9 November 1627) was an Anglo-Irish politician and peer.
Garrow's Law is a British period legal drama about the 18th-century lawyer William Garrow.
Günter Guillaume (1 February 1927 – 10 April 1995), was an intelligence agent for East Germany's secret service, the Stasi, in West Germany.
Gedhun Choekyi Nyima is the 11th Panchen Lama of Tibetan Buddhism as announced by the Dalai Lama, but rejected by the search team led by Lobzang Gyeltsen Sengge Lama (生钦·洛桑坚赞).
Geng Jingzhong (died 1682) was a powerful military commander of the early Qing dynasty.
Gennady Varenik was a KGB official who was also a CIA agent.
Genrikh Grigoryevich Yagoda (7 November 1891 – 15 March 1938), born Yenokh Gershevich Iyeguda was a secret police official who served as director of the NKVD, the Soviet Union's security and intelligence agency, from 1934 to 1936.
Geoffrey Cain is an American journalist, author, and writer.
Sir George Bruce of Carnock (c. 1550 – 1625) was a Scottish merchant and engineer.
George Wheelock Burbidge (6 February 1847 – 18 February 1908) was a Canadian lawyer, judge and author.
George Carew, 1st Earl of Totnes (29 May 1555 – 27 March 1629), known as Sir George Carew between 1586 and 1605 and as The Lord Carew between 1605 and 1626, served under Elizabeth I during the Tudor conquest of Ireland and was appointed President of Munster.
George Gordon, 1st Marquess of Huntly (1562 – 13 June 1636) was a Scottish nobleman who took a leading role in the political and military life of Scotland in the late 16th century and around the time of the Union of the Crowns.
George Goring, Lord Goring (14 July 1608 – 1657) was an English Royalist soldier.
George John Dasch (February 7, 1903 – 1992) was a German agent who landed on American soil during World War II.
George Johnstone (1730 – 24 May 1787) was an officer of the Royal Navy who saw service during the War of the Austrian Succession, the Seven Years' War and the American War of Independence, rising to the rank of post-captain and serving for a time as commodore of a squadron.
Sir George Justin Lynskey (5 February 1888 – 21 December 1957) was an English judge, particularly remembered for his role in investigating the political scandal that led to the eponymous Lynskey tribunal.
George Madison (June 1763 – October 14, 1816) was the sixth Governor of Kentucky.
George Nevill, de facto 12th (de jure 1st) Baron Bergavenny (21 April 1665 – 26 March 1695) was an English peer.
George Neville (c. 1432 – 8 June 1476), archbishop of York and Chancellor of England, was the youngest son of Richard Neville, 5th Earl of Salisbury, and Alice Neville, 5th Countess of Salisbury.
George Speight (born 1957), occasionally known as Ilikini Naitini, was the leader of the Fiji coup of 2000, in which he and an elite unit of Fiji's military detained thirty-six members of parliament and held them hostage from May 19, 2000 to July 13, 2000.
Georges Ernest Jean-Marie Boulanger (29 April 1837 – 30 September 1891), nicknamed Général Revanche, was a French general and politician.
The Georgia General Assembly is the state legislature of the U.S. state of Georgia.
The Georgia House of Representatives is the lower house of the Georgia General Assembly (the state legislature) of the U.S. state of Georgia.
Colonel Georgios Poulos (Γεώργιος Πούλος; 1889, Platanos, Aetolia-Acarnania – 11 June 1949) was a Nazi collaborator during the Axis occupation of Greece during World War II.
Gerald Comerford (c.1558–1604; also called Gerard or Garrett Comerford) was an Irish barrister, judge and statesman of the late sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries.
Gerald FitzGerald, 11th Earl of Kildare (1525 – 16 November 1585), also known as the "Wizard Earl" (a sobriquet also given to Henry Percy, 9th Earl of Northumberland), was an Irish peer.
Gerald FitzGerald, 8th Earl of Kildare KG (born –), known variously as "Garret the Great" (Gearóid Mór) or "The Great Earl" (An tIarla Mór), was Ireland's premier peer.
Sir Stephen Gerald Howard (7 June 1896 – 25 June 1973) was a British farmer, barrister and judge who was an active National Liberal and later Conservative Party politician.
Sir Gerald Osborne Slade KC (1891-1962), styled The Hon.
Sir Gerald Lowther (1589–1660) was a member of the well-known Lowther family of Westmoreland.
Germain Franz Metternich (* 5 April 1811Regarding birthday and -year sources with different readings exist. 10 April is noted as his birthday as well, and his year of birth sometimes also appears as 1804. An entry in a parish register, retrievable via using search criterion „Germain Metternich“, documents the baptism of a „Germannus Franciscus Metternich“ on 6 April 1811 in Mainz Cathedral, leading to the conclusion that 5 April 1811 as birthday and -year seems most plausible. in Mainz; † 13 May 1862 on Tybee Island, Georgia) was the son of Mathias Metternich, one of the leading Mainz Jacobins.
German military law has a long history.
Germanicus (Latin: Germanicus Julius Caesar; 24 May 15 BC – 10 October AD 19) was a member of the Julio-Claudian dynasty and a prominent general of the Roman Empire, who was known for his campaigns in Germania.
Gerolamo Olgiati (1453 – January 2, 1477) was a government official in Milan and one of the assassins of Galeazzo Maria Sforza, the Duke of Milan, along with Giovanni Andrea Lampugnani and Carlo Visconti.
The Gestapo, abbreviation of Geheime Staatspolizei (Secret State Police), was the official secret police of Nazi Germany and German-occupied Europe.
Gheorghe Cristescu (October 10, 1882 – November 29, 1973) was a Romanian socialist and, for a part of his life, communist militant.
The Gibbet of Montfaucon (Gibet de Montfaucon) was the main gallows and gibbet of the Kings of France until the time of Louis XIII of France.
A gibbet is any instrument of public execution (including guillotine, executioner's block, impalement stake, hanging gallows, or related scaffold), but gibbeting refers to the use of a gallows-type structure from which the dead or dying bodies of criminals were hung on public display to deter other existing or potential criminals.
Gideon Johnson Pillow (June 8, 1806 – October 8, 1878) was an American lawyer, politician, speculator, slaveowner, United States Army major general of volunteers during the Mexican-American War and Confederate brigadier general in the American Civil War.
Gilbert Burnet (18 September 1643 – 17 March 1715) was a Scottish philosopher and historian, and Bishop of Salisbury.
Sir Gilbert Debenham (junior) (1432–1500) was an English knight, politician and soldier who also served briefly as Lord Chancellor of Ireland.
Giles Thorndon (1388 – August 1477) was an official of the English Crown in the fifteenth century, who was noted for his long and loyal service to the House of Lancaster and for his troubled career as Lord Treasurer of Ireland.
Gino Pavesi (May 9, 1888 – February 3, 1960) was an Italian admiral during World War II.
Giovanni Marinelli (18 October 1879 – 11 January 1944) was an Italian Fascist political leader.
Give Me Liberty is a four-issue comic book mini-series published by Dark Horse Comics in 1990.
This is a list of words, terms, concepts, and slogans that have been or are used by the German military.
The Gnadenhutten massacre, also known as the Moravian massacre, was the killing of 96 Christian Lenape (Delaware) by colonial American militia from Pennsylvania on March 8, 1782 at the Moravian missionary village of Gnadenhutten, Ohio during the American Revolutionary War.
Gnaeus Calpurnius Piso (Latin: Cn. Calpurnius Cn. f. Cn. n. Piso, ca. 44 BC/43 BC - AD 20), was a Roman statesman during the reigns of Augustus and Tiberius.
Gnaeus Domitius Ahenobarbus (11 December (? ca. 2 BC) – January 41 AD) was a close relative of the five Roman Emperors of the Julio-Claudian dynasty.
General Sir Gordon Drummond, GCB (27 September 1772 – 10 October 1854) was a Canadian-born British army officer and the first official to command the military and the civil government of Canada.
Govan Archibald Mvuyelwa Mbeki (9 July 1910 – 30 August 2001) was a South African politician and son of Chief Sikelewu Mbeki and Johanna Mahala and also the father of the former South African president Thabo Mbeki and political economist Moeletsi Mbeki.
The earliest government of Macedonia was established by the Argead dynasty of Macedonian kings some time during the period of Archaic Greece (8th–5th centuries BC).
The government of the U.S. State of Oklahoma, established by the Oklahoma Constitution, is a republican democracy modeled after the federal government of the United States.
The Government of Spain (Gobierno de España) is the central government which leads the executive branch and the General State Administration of Spain.
The Governor of Indiana is the chief executive of the state of Indiana.
The Governor of Iowa is the chief executive of the U.S. state of Iowa.
The Governor of the Commonwealth of Kentucky is the head of the executive branch of government in the Commonwealth of Kentucky.
The Governor of the State of New York is the chief executive of the U.S. state of New York.
The Governor of Texas is the head of the executive branch of Texas's government and the commander-in-chief of the state's military forces.
The Governor of Vermont is the head of the government of the U.S. state of Vermont.
The Governor of Wisconsin is the highest executive authority in the government of the U.S. state of Wisconsin.
Graeme Park is an historic site and National Historic Landmark at 859 County Line Road in Horsham, Montgomery County, Pennsylvania.
Great Glen (or Glenn) is a village in Leicestershire, 2 miles south of Oadby on the outskirts of Leicester.
The Great Seal of Scotland (Seala Mòr na h-Alba) allows the monarch to authorise official documents without having to sign each document individually.
The Great Seal of the Realm or Great Seal of the United Kingdom (known prior to the Treaty of Union of 1707 as the Great Seal of England; and from then until the Union of 1801 as the Great Seal of Great Britain and Ireland) is a seal that is used to symbolise the Sovereign's approval of important state documents.
General Gregor MacGregor (24 December 1786 – 4 December 1845) was a Scottish soldier, adventurer and confidence trickster who attempted from 1821 to 1837 to draw British and French investors and settlers to "Poyais", a fictional Central American territory that he claimed to rule as "Cazique".
Gregor the Overlander is a children's epic fantasy novel.
Guilty of Treason is a 1950 American drama film directed by Felix E. Feist and starring Charles Bickford, Bonita Granville and Paul Kelly.
The Gulag (ГУЛАГ, acronym of Главное управление лагерей и мест заключения, "Main Camps' Administration" or "Chief Administration of Camps") was the government agency in charge of the Soviet forced labor camp system that was created under Vladimir Lenin and reached its peak during Joseph Stalin's rule from the 1930s to the 1950s.
The Gun Court is the branch of the Jamaican judicial system that tries criminal cases involving firearms.
The Gunpowder Plot of 1605, in earlier centuries often called the Gunpowder Treason Plot or the Jesuit Treason, was a failed assassination attempt against King James I of England and VI of Scotland by a group of provincial English Catholics led by Robert Catesby.
Gunvor Galtung Haavik (7 October 1912 – 5 August 1977) was a Norwegian employee of the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs who was arrested on 27 January 1977 after being betrayed by Oleg Gordievsky and charged with espionage on behalf of the Soviet Union and treason.
Gustav I, born Gustav Eriksson of the Vasa noble family and later known as Gustav Vasa (12 May 1496 – 29 September 1560), was King of Sweden from 1523 until his death in 1560, previously self-recognised Protector of the Realm (Riksföreståndare) from 1521, during the ongoing Swedish War of Liberation against King Christian II of Denmark, Norway and Sweden.
Gusztáv, 5th Prince Batthyány-Strattmann (8 December 1803 – 25 April 1883) was a Hungarian nobleman who bred horses in England where he was commonly known as Count Gustavus Batthyány.
William Guy Banister (March 7, 1901 – June 6, 1964) was an employee of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, an Assistant Superintendent of the New Orleans Police Department, and a private investigator.
Gyula Grosics (4 February 1926 – 13 June 2014) was a Hungarian football goalkeeper who played 86 times for the Hungary national football team and was part of the "Golden Team" of the 1950s.
The Habeas Corpus Suspension Act, (1863), entitled An Act relating to Habeas Corpus, and regulating Judicial Proceedings in Certain Cases, was an Act of Congress that authorized the president of the United States to suspend the privilege of the writ of habeas corpus in response to the American Civil War and provided for the release of political prisoners.
The Habeas Corpus Suspension Act 1799 (39 Geo. III, c. 15) was an Act passed by the British Parliament.
Hafsat Abiola (born 1974, in Lagos) is a Nigerian human rights, civil rights and democracy activist, founder of the Kudirat Initiative for Democracy (KIND), which seeks to strengthen civil society and promote democracy in Nigeria.
Haile Selassie I (ቀዳማዊ ኃይለ ሥላሴ, qädamawi haylä səllasé,;, born Ras Tafari Makonnen, was Ethiopia's regent from 1916 to 1930 and emperor from 1930 to 1974.
Hakainde Hichilema (born 4 June 1962) is a Zambian businessman and politician who has been President of the United Party for National Development, an opposition political party, since 2006.
Hamiora Pere (died 16 November 1869) was the only New Zealander ever to be executed for treason.
Hampton National Historic Site, in the Hampton area north of Towson, Baltimore County, Maryland, USA, preserves a remnant of a vast 18th-century estate, including a Georgian manor house, gardens, grounds, and the original stone slave quarters.
The Han dynasty was the second imperial dynasty of China (206 BC–220 AD), preceded by the Qin dynasty (221–206 BC) and succeeded by the Three Kingdoms period (220–280 AD). Spanning over four centuries, the Han period is considered a golden age in Chinese history. To this day, China's majority ethnic group refers to themselves as the "Han Chinese" and the Chinese script is referred to as "Han characters". It was founded by the rebel leader Liu Bang, known posthumously as Emperor Gaozu of Han, and briefly interrupted by the Xin dynasty (9–23 AD) of the former regent Wang Mang. This interregnum separates the Han dynasty into two periods: the Western Han or Former Han (206 BC–9 AD) and the Eastern Han or Later Han (25–220 AD). The emperor was at the pinnacle of Han society. He presided over the Han government but shared power with both the nobility and appointed ministers who came largely from the scholarly gentry class. The Han Empire was divided into areas directly controlled by the central government using an innovation inherited from the Qin known as commanderies, and a number of semi-autonomous kingdoms. These kingdoms gradually lost all vestiges of their independence, particularly following the Rebellion of the Seven States. From the reign of Emperor Wu (r. 141–87 BC) onward, the Chinese court officially sponsored Confucianism in education and court politics, synthesized with the cosmology of later scholars such as Dong Zhongshu. This policy endured until the fall of the Qing dynasty in 1911 AD. The Han dynasty saw an age of economic prosperity and witnessed a significant growth of the money economy first established during the Zhou dynasty (c. 1050–256 BC). The coinage issued by the central government mint in 119 BC remained the standard coinage of China until the Tang dynasty (618–907 AD). The period saw a number of limited institutional innovations. To finance its military campaigns and the settlement of newly conquered frontier territories, the Han government nationalized the private salt and iron industries in 117 BC, but these government monopolies were repealed during the Eastern Han dynasty. Science and technology during the Han period saw significant advances, including the process of papermaking, the nautical steering ship rudder, the use of negative numbers in mathematics, the raised-relief map, the hydraulic-powered armillary sphere for astronomy, and a seismometer for measuring earthquakes employing an inverted pendulum. The Xiongnu, a nomadic steppe confederation, defeated the Han in 200 BC and forced the Han to submit as a de facto inferior partner, but continued their raids on the Han borders. Emperor Wu launched several military campaigns against them. The ultimate Han victory in these wars eventually forced the Xiongnu to accept vassal status as Han tributaries. These campaigns expanded Han sovereignty into the Tarim Basin of Central Asia, divided the Xiongnu into two separate confederations, and helped establish the vast trade network known as the Silk Road, which reached as far as the Mediterranean world. The territories north of Han's borders were quickly overrun by the nomadic Xianbei confederation. Emperor Wu also launched successful military expeditions in the south, annexing Nanyue in 111 BC and Dian in 109 BC, and in the Korean Peninsula where the Xuantu and Lelang Commanderies were established in 108 BC. After 92 AD, the palace eunuchs increasingly involved themselves in court politics, engaging in violent power struggles between the various consort clans of the empresses and empresses dowager, causing the Han's ultimate downfall. Imperial authority was also seriously challenged by large Daoist religious societies which instigated the Yellow Turban Rebellion and the Five Pecks of Rice Rebellion. Following the death of Emperor Ling (r. 168–189 AD), the palace eunuchs suffered wholesale massacre by military officers, allowing members of the aristocracy and military governors to become warlords and divide the empire. When Cao Pi, King of Wei, usurped the throne from Emperor Xian, the Han dynasty would eventually collapse and ceased to exist.
To be hanged, drawn and quartered was from 1352 a statutory penalty in England for men convicted of high treason, although the ritual was first recorded during the reign of King Henry III (1216–1272).
In Chinese culture, a hanjian is a derogatory and pejorative term for a national traitor to the Han Chinese state and, to a lesser extent, Han ethnicity.
Hannah Szenes (often anglicized as Hannah Senesh or Chanah Senesh; חנה סנש; Hungarian: Szenes Anikó; July 17, 1921November 7, 1944) was a poet and Special Operations Executive (SOE) paratrooper.
is a Japanese anime film based on Hans Christian Andersen's eponymous fairy tale, released in 1975 by Toei Animation.
Hans Achim Litten (19 June 1903 – 5 February 1938) was a German lawyer who represented opponents of the Nazis at important political trials between 1929 and 1932, defending the rights of workers during the Weimar Republic.
Hans Oehler (18 December 1888 – 7 January 1967) was a Swiss journalist and a sympathizer of Nazism.
Harald Damsleth (August 16, 1906 – March 1, 1971) was a Norwegian cartoonist, illustrator and ad-man.
Harmelin v. Michigan, 501 U.S. 957 (1991), was a case decided by the Supreme Court of the United States under the Eighth Amendment to the United States Constitution.
Harold Cole (24 January 1906 – 8 January 1946), also known as Harry Cole or Paul Cole, was a British soldier, who assisted then betrayed many in the French Resistance to the Gestapo during World War II.
Harold Finch is a fictional character from the CBS crime drama television series Person of Interest.
Harold Joseph Hanson (9 August 1904 – 17 February 1973) was an eminent South African advocate (QC) and Senior Member of the Johannesburg Bar Council.
Since the mid-1970s, a variety of conspiracy theories have emerged regarding British Labour Prime Minister Harold Wilson, who served as the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1964 to 1970 and 1974 to 1976, winning four general elections.
Harpers Ferry is a historic town in Jefferson County, West Virginia, United States.
Harriet Tubman (born Araminta Ross, March 10, 1913) was an American abolitionist and political activist.
Hartley William Shawcross, Baron Shawcross, (4 February 1902 – 10 July 2003), known from 1945 to 1959 as Sir Hartley Shawcross, was a British barrister and politician and the lead British prosecutor at the Nuremberg War Crimes tribunal.
Hasanul Haq Inu (born 12 November 1946) is a Bangladeshi politician and the current Minister of Information of Bangladesh.
Haulbowline (Inis Sionnach), is the name of an island in Cork Harbour off the coast of Ireland.
Hawa Sisay-Sabally is a Gambian lawyer who served as Attorney General from 1996–1998 and has since spoken out against corruption in The Gambia and represented opposition politicians in criminal cases regarding their participation in pro-democracy protests.
The Hawaiian Organic Act,, was an organic act enacted by the United States Congress to establish the Territory of Hawaii and to provide a Constitution and government for the territory.
The village of Hawkesville in Ontario, Canada is a small community in the township of Wellesley in the Regional Municipality of Waterloo.
Haxey's case (1397) Rotuli Parliamentorum (iii) 434, is a leading case in English law that established the right to free speech within Parliament.
Héctor Amodio Pérez is a former Uruguayan guerrilla fighter.
Head in the Clouds is a 2004 Canadian-British war drama film written and directed by John Duigan.
Heinrich Brandler (3 July 1881 – 26 September 1967) was a German communist trade unionist, politician, revolutionary activist, and writer.
Star Wars: Heir to the Empire is a 1991 Star Wars novel by Timothy Zahn, and the first book in the ''Thrawn'' trilogy.
Helmuth Günther Guddat Hübener (8 January 1925 – 27 October 1942), was the youngest opponent of the Third Reich to be sentenced to death by the infamous Special People's Court (Volksgerichtshof) and executed.
Helmuth James Graf von Moltke (11 March 1907 – 23 January 1945) was a German jurist who, as a draftee in the German Abwehr, acted to subvert German human-rights abuses of people in territories occupied by Germany during World War II and subsequently became a founding member of the Kreisau Circle resistance group, whose members opposed the government of Adolf Hitler in Nazi Germany.
Henri de Man (Hendrik de Man; 17 November 1885 – 20 June 1953) was a Belgian politician and leader of the Belgian Labour Party (POB-BWP).
Henry Brouncker, 3rd Viscount Brouncker (– 4 January 1688) was a Restoration-era medical doctor, courtier, politician, and civil servant.
Henry Burton (Yorkshire, 1578–1648), was an English puritan.
Henry Carey (c. 26 August 1687 – 5 October 1743) was an English poet, dramatist and song-writer.
Henry Cornelius Burnett (October 25, 1825 – October 1, 1866) was an American politician who served as a Confederate States Senator from Kentucky from 1862 to 1865.
Sir Henry Cuffe (1563 – 13 March 1601) was an English author and politician, executed during the reign of Queen Elizabeth I of England, for treason.
Henry Dearborn (February 23, 1751 – June 6, 1829) was an American soldier and statesman.
Henry Docwra, 1st Baron Docwra of Culmore (1564 – 18 April 1631) was a leading English-born soldier and statesman in early seventeenth-century Ireland.
Henry Garnet (July 1555 – 3 May 1606), sometimes Henry Garnett, was an English Jesuit priest executed for his complicity in the Gunpowder Plot of 1605.
Henry Howard, 6th Duke of Norfolk (12 July 1628 – 13 January 1684) was an English nobleman and politician.
Henry John Boulton, (1790 – June 18, 1870) was a lawyer, judge and political figure in Upper Canada.
Henry Masauko Blasius Chipembere (5 August 1930 – 24 September 1975) was a Malawian nationalist who played a significant role in bringing independence from colonial rule to his native country, formerly known as Nyasaland.
Henry Monteith (1764–1848) was a Scottish businessman and Tory politician who twice served as Lord Provost of Glasgow from 1814 to 1816 and 1818 to 1820, and as MP for Linlithgow 1820 to 1826 and 1830 to 1831.
Henry Okah (born 1965, Lagos State, Nigeria) is the assumed Nigerian guerrilla leader of the Movement for the Emancipation of the Niger Delta (MEND); a title he denies.
Henry Khaaba Olonga (born 3 July 1976) is a former Zimbabwean cricketer, who played Test cricket and One Day Internationals for career span of 8 years.
Sir Henry Percy KG (20 May 1364 – 21 July 1403), commonly known as Sir Harry Hotspur, or simply Hotspur, was a late-medieval English nobleman.
Henry Percy, 4th Earl of Northumberland (c. 1449 – 28 April 1489) was an English aristocrat during the Wars of the Roses.
Henry Percy, 9th Earl of Northumberland, KG (27 April 1564 – 5 November 1632) was an English nobleman.
Henry Pole, 1st Baron Montagu (also written Montague or Montacute; circa 1492 – January 1539), the only holder of the title Baron Montagu under its 1514 creation, was one of the relatives whom King Henry VIII of England had executed for treason.
Henry Rich, 1st Earl of Holland (19 August 1590 (baptised) – 9 March 1649), known as The Lord Kensington between 1623 and 1624, was an English courtier, peer and soldier.
Sir Henry Talbot was an Irish landowner of the seventeenth century.
Henry V is a 1944 British Technicolor film adaptation of William Shakespeare's play of the same name.
Henry VI, Part 1, often referred to as 1 Henry VI, is a history play by William Shakespeare, possibly in collaboration with Christopher Marlowe and Thomas Nashe, believed to have been written in 1591 and set during the lifetime of King Henry VI of England.
Henry VI, Part 3 (often written as 3 Henry VI) is a history play by William Shakespeare believed to have been written in 1591 and set during the lifetime of King Henry VI of England.
The Hereditary peers form part of the peerage in the United Kingdom.
Herman Simm (born May 29, 1947 in Suure-Jaani) is a former chief of the Estonian Defence Ministry's security department and convicted Russian spy.
Hermitage Castle is a semi-ruined castle in the border region of Scotland.
Herod (Greek:, Hērōdēs; 74/73 BCE – c. 4 BCE/1 CE), also known as Herod the Great and Herod I, was a Roman client king of Judea, referred to as the Herodian kingdom.
The von Wattenwyl house on Herrengasse 23 is a historic building in Bern, Switzerland, named after the von Wattenwyl family who owned it for over 200 years.
Herschel Feibel Grynszpan (Hermann Grünspan; 28 March 1921 — last rumoured to be alive 1945, declared dead 1960) was a Polish-Jewish refugee, born in Germany.
Heskin Hall is a manor house in Heskin, Lancashire, England.
The High Court of Justiciary is the supreme criminal court in Scotland.
The charge of high crimes and misdemeanors covers allegations of misconduct peculiar to officials, such as perjury of oath, abuse of authority, bribery, intimidation, misuse of assets, failure to supervise, dereliction of duty, unbecoming conduct, and refusal to obey a lawful order.
High Misdemeanor is an archaic term in English Law for a number of positive misprisions, neglects and contempts.
Treason is criminal disloyalty.
Under the law of the United Kingdom, high treason is the crime of disloyalty to the Crown.
The history of animation started long before the development of cinematography.
The history of Belgium predates the founding of the modern state of that name in 1830.
Espionage, as well as other intelligence assessment, has existed since ancient times.
The history of Florida State University dates to the 19th century and is deeply intertwined with the history of education in the state of Florida and in the city of Tallahassee.
Franconia (Franken) is a region that is not precisely defined, but which lies in the north of the Free State of Bavaria, parts of Baden-Württemberg and South Thuringia and Hesse in Germany.
The history of Gwynedd in the High Middle Ages is a period in the History of Wales spanning the 11th through the 13th centuries.
The history of the state of Mississippi extends to thousands of years of indigenous peoples.
The history of Norway has been influenced to an extraordinary degree by the terrain and the climate of the region.
This article describes the history of Nottinghamshire.
The History of Oceania includes the history of Australia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Fiji and other Pacific island nations.
From the restoration of the House of Braganza in 1640 until the end of the reign of the Marquis of Pombal in 1777, the kingdom of Portugal was in a period of transition.
Regina is the capital of the Canadian province of Saskatchewan and prior to the province's founding was the territorial headquarters of the then-North-West Territories and district headquarters of the territorial district of Assiniboia.
In April 1961, Sierra Leone became politically independent of Great Britain.
The history of terrorism is a history of well-known and historically significant individuals, entities, and incidents associated, whether rightly or wrongly, with terrorism.
The history of the British peerage, a system of nobility found in the United Kingdom, stretches over the last thousand years.
The formal history of the Church of England is traditionally dated by the Church to the Gregorian mission to Spain by Saint Augustine of Canterbury in AD 597.
During its independent political history, Brazil has had seven constitutions.
The history of the Jews in France deals with the Jews and Jewish communities in France.
The history of the Philippines is believed to have begun with the arrival of the first humans using rafts or boats at least 67,000 years ago as the 2007 discovery of Callao Man suggested.
The history of the Southern United States reaches back hundreds of years and includes the Mississippian people, well known for their mound building.
The United States Constitution was written in 1787 during the Philadelphia Convention.
The history of the United States Military Academy can be traced to fortifications constructed on the West Point of the Hudson River during the American Revolutionary War in 1778.
HM Prison Pentonville (informally "The Ville") is an English Category B men's prison, operated by Her Majesty's Prison Service.
HM Prison Wandsworth, is a Category B men's prison at Wandsworth in the London Borough of Wandsworth, South West London, England.
"Homer the Father" is the twelfth episode of The Simpsons' twenty-second season.
The Homicide Act 1957 (5 & 6 Eliz.2 c.11) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
Establishment Day, formally the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Establishment Day, is celebrated annually on 1 July in Hong Kong since 1997.
William Henry Jackson (May 3, 1861 – January 10, 1952), also known as Honoré Jackson or Jaxon, was secretary to Louis Riel during the North-West Rebellion in Canada in 1885.
House demolition is primarily a military tactic which has been used in many conflicts for a variety of purposes.
The House of Lords of the United Kingdom, also known as the House of Peers, is the upper house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
Huang Jun (1890–1937), Courtesy name Qiuyue(秋嶽), Art name Huangsuirensheng An(花隨人聖庵) was a Chinese man of letters, author and spy.
Hugh II (1106 – 1134), also called Hugh du Puiset, was a Crusader and the Count of Jaffa.
Hugh "Hughey" O'Donnell (c. 1869-19??) was an American steel mill worker and labor leader.
Human rights in Bangladesh are enshrined as fundamental rights in Part III of the Constitution of Bangladesh.
Human rights in Cuba are under the scrutiny of human rights organizations, who accuse the Cuban government of systematic human rights abuses, including arbitrary imprisonment and unfair trials.
The state of human rights in Iran has been criticized both by Iranians and international human rights activists, writers, and NGOs since long before the formation of the current state of Iran.
The state of human rights in Qatar is a concern for several non-governmental organizations.
The state of human rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran has been criticized both by Iranians and international human right activists, writers, and NGOs.
The Human Rights League (Ligue des droits de l’homme or LDH) of France, is a Human Rights NGO association to observe, defend and promulgation of Rights Man within the French Republic in all spheres of public life.
Sir Humphrey Stafford was an English nobleman who took part in the War of the Roses on the Yorkist side.
Huo Guang (died 68 BC), courtesy name Zimeng (子孟), was a Western Han politician who was a rare example in Chinese history of a powerful official who deposed an emperor for the good of the state rather than to usurp the throne.
A hybrid offence, dual offence, Crown option offence, dual procedure offence, or wobbler is one of the special class offences in the common law jurisdictions where the case may be prosecuted either summarily or as indictment.
Hyrum Smith (February 9, 1800 – June 27, 1844) was an American religious leader in the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, the original church of the Latter Day Saint movement.
Ian Fraser (born 18 April 1962) is a South African playwright, writer, comedian, anti-Apartheid activist, artist, anarchist, and social agitator, now living in the USA.
Iglesias (or,,; Igrèsias) is a comune and city in the province of South Sardinia in Italy.
Ignacio José de Allende y Unzaga (January 21, 1769 – June 26, 1811), born Ignacio Allende y Unzaga, was a captain of the Spanish Army in Mexico who came to sympathize with the Mexican independence movement.
Igor Vyacheslavovich Sutyagin (И́горь Вячесла́вович Сутя́гин; born 17 January 1965) is a Russian arms control and nuclear weapons specialist.
Ila prison and detention center (Norwegian: Ila fengsel og forvaringsanstalt) is a high security prison in Ila in Bærum municipality in Akershus county, outside the capital city of Oslo in Norway.
Iliaș Colceag (fl. before 1710 – 1743) was a Moldavian mercenary and military commander in the Ottoman and Russian Empire.
The impact of the Arab Spring concerns protests or by the way attempts to organize growing protest movements that were inspired by or similar to the Arab Spring in the Arab-majority states of North Africa and the Middle East, according to commentators, organisers, and critics.
Impalement, as a method of execution and also torture, is the penetration of a human by an object such as a stake, pole, spear, or hook, often by complete or partial perforation of the torso.
Impeachment is the process by which a legislative body formally levels charges against a high official of government.
Impeachment in the Philippines is an expressed power of the Congress of the Philippines to formally charge a serving government official with an impeachable offense.
Impeachment in the United States is the process by which the lower house of a legislature brings charges against a civil officer of government for crimes alleged to have been committed, analogous to the bringing of an indictment by a grand jury.
The impeachment of Václav Klaus refers to a failed attempt by members of the Czech Senate to impeach the President of the Czech Republic, Václav Klaus.
Leul Ras Imru Haile Selassie, CBE (Amharic: ዕምሩ፡ኃይለ፡ሥላሴ; 23 November 1892 – 15 August 1980) was an Ethiopian noble, soldier, and diplomat.
In open court is a legal term in the United States defined by the appearance by a party or their attorney in a public court session such as during a trial.
Increase Mather (June 21, 1639 O.S. – August 23, 1723 O.S.) was a major figure in the early history of the Massachusetts Bay Colony and Province of Massachusetts Bay (now the Commonwealth of Massachusetts).
The Indemnity Act 1717 is an Act of the Parliament of Great Britain (4 Geo. I) also referred to as the Act of Grace and Free Pardon.
Articles related to criminology and law enforcement.
This collection of lists of law topics collects the names of topics related to law.
Indian country jurisdiction, or the extent which tribal powers apply to legal situations in the United States, has undergone many drastic shifts since the beginning of European settlement in America.
The Indian Legion (Indische Legion), officially the Free India Legion (Legion Freies Indien) or Infantry Regiment 950 (Indian) (Infanterie-Regiment 950 (indisches), I.R. 950) and later the Indian Volunteer Legion of the Waffen-SS (Indische Freiwilligen Legion der Waffen-SS), was a military unit raised during the Second World War in Nazi Germany.
The Indian National Army trials (INA trials), which are also called the Red Fort trials, were the British Indian trial by courts-martial of a number of officers of the Indian National Army (INA) between November 1945 and May 1946, for charges variously for treason, torture, murder and abetment to murder during World War II.
The Indiana General Assembly is the state legislature, or legislative branch, of the state of Indiana.
Inferno (Italian for "Hell") is the first part of Dante Alighieri's 14th-century epic poem Divine Comedy.
An informant (also called an informer) is a person who provides privileged information about a person or organization to an agency.
Inge Aicher-Scholl (11 August 1917 – 4 September 1998), born in present-day Crailsheim, Germany, was the daughter of Robert Scholl, mayor of Forchtenberg, and elder sister of Hans and Sophie Scholl, who studied at the University of Munich in 1942, and were core members of the White Rose student resistance movement in Nazi Germany.
Ingram Frizer (died August 1627) was an English gentleman and businessman of the late 16th and early 17th centuries who is notable for his reported killing "According to the official story – the story told by Skeres and Poley – it was Marlowe who pulled the knife and Frizer who killed him in self defence.
Internal resistance to apartheid in South Africa originated from several independent sectors of South African society and alternatively took the form of social movements, passive resistance, or guerrilla warfare.
Internal security, or IS, is the act of keeping peace within the borders of a sovereign state or other self-governing territories.
The International Brigades (Brigadas Internacionales) were paramilitary units set up by the Communist International to assist the Popular Front government of the Second Spanish Republic during the Spanish Civil War.
The controversial Reconciliation, Tolerance, and Unity Bill promoted by the Fijian government throughout 2005 generated enormous debate, both locally and internationally.
Intimidation of Parliament is an obscure criminal law in Canada that makes it a crime to violently intimidate the Parliament of Canada and the provincial legislatures.
A number of separate, but overlapping, investigations were conducted by the police into various aspects of the 2000 coup.
Ioannina (Ιωάννινα), often called Yannena (Γιάννενα) within Greece, is the capital and largest city of the Ioannina regional unit and of Epirus, an administrative region in north-western Greece.
Ioannis Rallis (Ιωάννης Δ. Ράλλης; 1878 – 26 October 1946) was the third and last collaborationist prime minister of Greece during the Axis occupation of Greece during World War II, holding office from 7 April 1943 to 12 October 1944, succeeding Konstantinos Logothetopoulos in the Nazi-controlled Greek puppet government in Athens.
Ion Antonescu (– June 1, 1946) was a Romanian soldier and authoritarian politician who, as the Prime Minister and Conducător during most of World War II, presided over two successive wartime dictatorships.
The Cultural Revolution (1980–1983) (انقلاب فرهنگی.) was a period following the Iranian Revolution, when the academia of Iran was purged of Western and non-Islamic influences (even traditionalist unpolitical Islamic doctrines) to bring it in line with the revolutionary and Political Islam.
The Irish Rebellion of 1798 (Éirí Amach 1798), also known as the United Irishmen Rebellion (Éirí Amach na nÉireannach Aontaithe), was an uprising against British rule in Ireland lasting from May to September 1798.
Captain Isaac Ruddell (1737-January 1812) was an 18th-century American Virginia State Line officer during the American Revolutionary War and a Kentucky frontiersman.
Isabella of Lennox (d.1458) was the ruler of Lennox, from 1437–1458, and last in the line of Mormaers or Native Scottish rulers.
Island of Stability was the phrase that Jimmy Carter used to describe the circumstances of Iran under the leadership of the last Shah of Iran, Muhammad Reza Pahlavi.
Itzik Feffer (September 10, 1900 – August 12, 1952), also Fefer (Yiddish איציק פֿעפֿער, Russian Ицик Фефер, Исаàк Соломòнович Фèфер) was a Soviet Yiddish poet executed on the Night of the Murdered Poets during Joseph Stalin's purges.
Iuliu Maniu (January 8, 1873 – February 5, 1953) was a Romanian politician.
Iullus Antonius (45 BC – 2 BC), also known as Iulus, Julus or Jullus, was a personage in Ancient Rome.
Iva Ikuko Toguri D'Aquino (July 4, 1916 – September 26, 2006) was an American who participated in English-language propaganda broadcasts transmitted by Radio Tokyo to Allied soldiers in the South Pacific during World War II on ''The Zero Hour'' radio show.
Ivan Gonta (died 1768) was one of the leaders of the Koliyivschyna, an armed rebellion of Cossacks against the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.
Ivan Mikhailovich Viskovatiy (Viskovatov) (Иван Михайлович Висковатый (Висковатов) in Russian) (died 25 July 1570 in Moscow) was a Russian diplomat and head of the Posolsky Prikaz (foreign ministry).
Ivanhoe is an historical novel by Sir Walter Scott, first published in 1820 in three volumes and subtitled A Romance.
"J'accuse...!" ("I accuse...!") was an open letter published on 13 January 1898 in the newspaper L'Aurore by the influential writer Émile Zola.
Brigadier-General John Hartman Morgan, QC (20 March 1876 – 8 April 1955) was a British lawyer with expertise in constitutional law.
Jacob Albertus Marais (2 November 1922 – 8 August 2000) was an Afrikaner nationalist thinker, author and politician, Member of Parliament, and leader of the Herstigte Nasionale Party (HNP) from 1977 to his death in 2000.
Jacen Solo is a fictional character in the non-canon ''Star Wars'' expanded universe, now known as the Legends continuity.
Jackson Fiah Doe (b. 2 February 1934 Glolay, Nimba County; d. 1990) was a Liberian politician in the late twentieth century.
The Reverend Jacob Duché (1737–1798) was a Rector of Christ Church in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and the first chaplain to the Continental Congress.
Jacob Leisler (ca. 1640 – May 16, 1691) was a German-born colonist in the Province of New York.
The Jacobite rising of 1715 (Bliadhna Sheumais) (also referred to as the Fifteen or Lord Mar's Revolt), was the attempt by James Francis Edward Stuart (also called the Old Pretender) to regain the thrones of England, Ireland and Scotland for the exiled House of Stuart.
Jade Dragon (Dei Guan) is a fictional character, a mutant appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics.
Jaja Anucha Wachuku (1 January 1918 – 7 November 1996), a Royal Prince of Ngwaland, "descendant of 20 generations of African chiefs in the Igbo country of Eastern Nigeria", was a Pan-Africanist, and a Nigerian statesman, lawyer, politician, diplomat and humanitarian.
Jakob Kaiser (8 February 1888 – 7 May 1961) was a German politician and resistance leader during World War II.
James FitzJames Butler, 2nd Duke of Ormonde, 13th Earl of Ormond, 7th Earl of Ossory, 2nd Baron Butler, (29 April 1665 – 16 November 1745) was an Irish statesman and soldier.
James Butler, 4th Earl of Ormond (23 May, 1393 – 23 August, 1452) was the son of James Butler, 3rd Earl of Ormond.
James Dalrymple, 1st Viscount Stair (May 1619 – 29 November 1695), Scottish lawyer and statesman, was born at Drummurchie, Barr, Ayrshire.
James (Séamus) FitzJohn FitzGerald (died 27 October 1558) was an Irish nobleman, the second son of John FitzGerald, de facto 12th Earl of Desmond, and Móre O'Brien, daughter of Donogh O'Brien of Carrigogunnell, Lord of Pobble.
James Gareth Endicott (1898–1993) was a Canadian clergyman, Christian missionary, and socialist.
James W. Hall III (born 1958) is a former United States Army warrant officer and signals intelligence analyst in Germany who sold eavesdropping and code secrets to East Germany and the Soviet Union from 1983 to 1988.
Sir James Hamilton of Finnart (c. 1495 – 16 August 1540) was a Scottish nobleman and architect, the illegitimate son of James Hamilton, 1st Earl of Arran, and Mary (or Marion) Boyd of Bonshaw.
James Hay, 15th Earl of Erroll (20 April 1726 – 3 July 1778) was a Scottish nobleman and the son of William Boyd, 4th Earl of Kilmarnock.
James Heller is a fictional character played by William Devane in the television series 24.
James III (10 July 1451/May 1452 – 11 June 1488) was King of Scots from 1460 to 1488.
Sir James Keating (died c.1492) was an Irish cleric and statesman of the fifteenth century.
James Lockhart of Lee and Carnwath, Count Lockhart-Wishart (Wischeart) of the Holy Roman Empire (1727 – 6 February 1790) was a Scottish aristocrat with a successful military career.
Sir James MacGill of Nether Rankeillour, Fife (died 1579) was a Scottish courtier.
James Mor Stewart, called James the Fat, (Seamas Mór) (c. 1400–1429 or 1449) was the youngest son of Murdoch Stewart, Duke of Albany and Isabella of Lennox.
Major General James N. Post III is a former United States Air Force officer who served as Director of the United States Air Forces Central Command's Air and Space Operations Center, and Director of Operations and Vice Commander of the Air Combat Command.
James Jesse Strang (March 21, 1813 – July 9, 1856) was an American religious leader, politician and monarch.
James Thomson "JT" Bain (6 March 1860 – 29 October 1919) was a socialist and syndicalist in colonial South Africa.
James Wenneker von Brunn (July 11, 1920 – January 6, 2010) was an American man who perpetrated the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum shooting in Washington, D.C. on June 10, 2009.
James Wilkinson (March 24, 1757 – December 28, 1825) was an American soldier and statesman, who was associated with several scandals and controversies.
James Wilson (September 14, 1742 – August 21, 1798) was one of the Founding Fathers of the United States and a signatory of the United States Declaration of Independence and the United States Constitution.
Janani Jakaliya Luwum (c. 1922 – 17 February 1977) was the archbishop of the Church of Uganda from 1974 to 1977 and one of the most influential leaders of the modern church in Africa.
Jane Anderson (January 6, 1888 – May 5, 1972) was an American broadcaster of Nazi propaganda during World War II.
Jane Neville (née Howard), Countess of Westmorland (1533/37 – buried 30 June 1593), was an English noblewoman.
Jaroslav Krejčí (February 13, 1916 – February 16, 2014) was a Czech-British sociologist, historian, economist and former professor of sociology at Lancaster University.
Javed Hashmi (); (مخدوم محمد جاوید ہاشمی; b. 1 January 1948), is a Pakistani politician, political realist, and a senior conservative thinker on the platform of Pakistan Muslim League (N).
Józef Światło, born Izaak Fleischfarb (1 January 1915 – 2 September 1994), was a high-ranking official in the Ministry of Public Security of Poland (MBP) who served as deputy director of the 10th Department run by Anatol Fejgin.
József Cardinal Mindszenty (29 March 18926 May 1975) was the Prince Primate, Archbishop of Esztergom, cardinal, and leader of the Catholic Church in Hungary from 2 October 1945 to 18 December 1973.
Je suis partout (lit. I am everywhere) was a French newspaper founded by Jean Fayard, first published on 29 November 1930.
Jean Augustin Ernouf (Manuel Louis Jean Augustin or Auguste Ernouf) (29 August 1753 – 12 September 1827) was a French general and colonial administrator of the Revolutionary and Napoleonic wars.
Jean de Laborde (29 November 1878 - 30 July 1977) was a French naval officer who had a long and illustrious career starting at the end of the 19th century and extending to World War II where he served as admiral.
Jean Hepburn, Lady Darnley, Mistress of Caithness, Lady Morham (died 1599) was a Scottish noblewoman and a member of the Border clan of Hepburn.
Jean Moulin (20 June 1899 – 8 July 1943) was a high-profile member of the Resistance in France during World War II.
Jean-Bédel Bokassa (22 February 1921 – 3 November 1996), also known as Bokassa I of Central Africa and Salah Eddine Ahmed Bokassa, was the ruler of the Central African Republic and its successor state, the Central African Empire, from his coup d'état on 1 January 1966 until overthrown in a subsequent coup (supported by France) on 20 September 1979.
Jean-Claude Kavumbagu is a Burundian Internet journalist who has been arrested on multiple occasions for issues related to his reporting.
The Jedwabne pogrom (Pogrom w Jedwabnem) was a World War II massacre committed in the town of Jedwabne, German-occupied Poland, on 10 July 1941.
The first Jefferson County Courthouse was built in Charles Town, West Virginia, USA, in 1808, on a lot donated by Charles Washington.
Jefferson Davis (June 3, 1808 – December 6, 1889) was an American politician who served as the only President of the Confederate States from 1861 to 1865.
Jemaah Islamiyah (الجماعة الإسلامية, al-Jamāʿah al-Islāmiyyah, meaning "Islamic Congregation", frequently abbreviated JI) is a Southeast Asian militant extremist Islamist rebel group dedicated to the establishment of an Islamic state in Southeast Asia.
Jeong Jung-bu (1106 – 18 October 1179) was a medieval Korean soldier and military dictator during the Goryeo Dynasty (918–1392).
Jerome Kavka (1922 – May 14, 2012 in Oakland, California) was a supervising and training analyst at the Chicago Institute for Psychoanalysis.
Jigginstown Castle is a tower house and National Monument was constructed in the late 1630s when Ireland was under the reign of Charles I (1625-1649).
Jingnan Campaign, or Jingnan Rebellion, was a civil war in the early years of the Ming Dynasty of China between the Jianwen Emperor and his uncle Zhu Di, the Prince of Yan.
Jingo is a fantasy novel by British writer Terry Pratchett, part of his Discworld series.
Joan de Beauchamp, Baroness Bergavenny (née FitzAlan; 1375 – 14 November 1435) was an English noblewoman, and the wife of William de Beauchamp, 1st Baron Bergavenny of the Welsh Marches.
Joaquín Amaro Domínguez (August 16, 1889 – March 15, 1952) was a Mexican revolutionary general and military reformer.
Job Shattuck (February 11, 1736 – January 13, 1819) was a British colonial soldier during the Seven Years' War and a member of the Massachusetts state militia during the American Revolutionary War.
Joe's Palace is a BBC television drama, (co-produced by the BBC and HBO) and written and directed by Stephen Poliakoff.
Johan and Peewit (Johan et Pirlouit) is a Belgian comics series created by Peyo.
Johan Teterissa (born c. 1961) is an Indonesian elementary school teacher, activist and member of the Republic of the South Moluccas, or RMS, a small separatist group which advocates independence for the southern Maluku islands from Indonesia.
Johann Amadeus Franz de Paula Freiherr von Thugut (24 May 173628 May 1818) was an Austrian diplomat.
Johann Reinhold Patkul (27 July 1660 – 10 October 1707) was a Livonian nobleman, politician and agitator of Baltic German extraction.
Johann Reichhart (–) was a German executioner.
Johanna Dorothea Lindenaer, also Johanna Dorothea Zoutelande or Madame de Zoutelandt, (1664–1737) was a Dutch writer, memoirist and translator.
Johanna "Hanna" Kirchner (née Johanna Stunz; 24 April 1889 – 9 June 1944) was a German opponent of the Nazi régime.
John Adair (January 9, 1757 – May 19, 1840) was an American pioneer, soldier, and politician.
John Adams Kuakini Cummins (1835–1913) was a member of the nobility of the Kingdom of Hawaii who became a wealthy businessman, and was involved in politics as the kingdom was overthrown.
John Amery (14 March 1912 – 19 December 1945) was a British fascist who, during the Second World War, proposed to the Wehrmacht the formation of a British volunteer force (that subsequently became the British Free Corps), as well as making recruitment efforts and propaganda broadcasts for Nazi Germany.
Sir John Arundell (c. 1500 – 1557), was MP for Cornwall in 1554 He was also Sheriff of Cornwall in 1541–42 and 1554.
John Arundell (by 1527–90), of Lanherne, St. Mawgan-in-Pyder, Cornwall, was an English politician, and a noted recusant.
John Ayloffe (c.1645 – 30 October 1685) was an English lawyer, satirist and Whig conspirator, responsible for several pieces of violently anti-Stuart propaganda of the 1670s.
John Baker (1769 – August 18, 1823) was an American politician who represented Virginia in the United States House of Representatives from 1811 to 1813.
John Bale (21 November 1495 – November 1563) was an English churchman, historian and controversialist, and Bishop of Ossory.
John Ballard (died 21 September 1586) was an English Jesuit priest executed for being involved in an attempt to assassinate Queen Elizabeth I of England in the Babington Plot.
John Beaumont, 1st Viscount Beaumont (c. 1409–1460), was an English nobleman and magnate from Folkingham, Lincolnshire.
John Boyle O'Reilly (28 June 1844 – 10 August 1890) was an Irish poet, journalist, author and activist.
John Brown (May 9, 1800 – December 2, 1859) was an American abolitionist who believed in and advocated armed insurrection as the only way to overthrow the institution of slavery in the United States.
John Henry Owen "Busty" Brown DCM (died 1964) was a Quartermaster Sergeant in the Royal Artillery in the British Army, who served in France at the beginning of the Second World War.
John Brown's raid on Harper's Ferry (also known as John Brown's raid or The raid on Harper's Ferry) was an effort by armed abolitionist John Brown to initiate an armed slave revolt in 1859 by taking over a United States arsenal at Harpers Ferry, Virginia.
John Cook Bennett (August 3, 1804 – August 5, 1867) was an American physician and briefly a ranking and influential leader of the Latter Day Saint movement, who acted as mayor of Nauvoo, Illinois and Major-General of the Nauvoo Legion in the early 1840s.
John Cabell Breckinridge (January 16, 1821 – May 17, 1875) was an American lawyer, politician, and soldier.
John Awena-ika-lani-keahi-o-ka-lua-o-Pele Carey Lane, (July 22, 1872 – February 8, 1958) was Mayor of Honolulu from 1915 to 1917.
John de Mowbray, 2nd Duke of Norfolk, 8th Baron Mowbray, 9th Baron Segrave KG, Earl Marshal (1392—19 October 1432) was an English nobleman and soldier.
John Dee (13 July 1527 – 1608 or 1609) was an English mathematician, astronomer, astrologer, occult philosopher, and advisor to Queen Elizabeth I. He devoted much of his life to the study of alchemy, divination, and Hermetic philosophy.
John Devoy (Seán Ó Dubhuí,; 3 September 1842 – 29 September 1928) was an Irish rebel leader and exile.
John Dowland (1563 – buried 20 February 1626) was an English Renaissance composer, lutenist, and singer.
John Dudley, 1st Duke of Northumberland (1504Loades 2008 – 22 August 1553) was an English general, admiral, and politician, who led the government of the young King Edward VI from 1550 until 1553, and unsuccessfully tried to install Lady Jane Grey on the English throne after the King's death.
John Dynham, 1st Baron Dynham (c. 1433–1501) of Nutwell in the parish of Woodbury and of Hartland, both in Devon, was an English peer and politician.
John Estrete, or Strete (died c.1491) was an Irish judge and statesman of the late fifteenth century.
Blessed John Felton (died 8 August 1570) was an English Catholic martyr, who was executed during the reign of Elizabeth I.
John Fisher (c. 19 October 1469 – 22 June 1535), venerated by Roman Catholics as Saint John Fisher, was an English Catholic bishop, cardinal, and theologian.
Sir John Fortescue (1394 – December 1479) of Ebrington in Gloucestershire, was Chief Justice of the King's Bench and was the author of De Laudibus Legum Angliae (Commendation of the Laws of England), first published posthumously circa 1543), an influential treatise on English law. In the course of Henry VI's reign, Fortescue was appointed one of the governors of Lincoln's Inn three times and served as a Member of Parliament from 1421 to 1437. He became one of the King's Serjeants during the Easter term of 1441, and subsequently served as Chief Justice of the King's Bench from 25 January 1442 to Easter term 1460. During the Wars of the Roses, Henry VI was deposed in 1461 by Edward of York, who ascended the throne as Edward IV. Henry and his queen, Margaret of Anjou, later fled to Scotland. Fortescue remained loyal to Henry, and as a result was attainted of treason. He is believed to have been given the nominal title of Chancellor of England during Henry's exile. He accompanied Queen Margaret and her court while they remained on the Continent between 1463 and 1471, and wrote De Laudibus Legum Angliae for the instruction of young Prince Edward. After the defeat of the House of Lancaster, he submitted to Edward IV who reversed his attainder in October 1471.
John Giffard (1534–1613) was a Staffordshire landowner and Member of the English Parliament, notable as a leader of Roman Catholic Recusancy in the reigns of Elizabeth I and James I.
Blessed John Haile was an elderly secular priest who was vicar of Isleworth Middlesex in the early 16th century; his significance in history, like that of many of the English martyrs, begins only with the events which led to his death.
John Hamilton, 2nd Lord Bargany, (c. 1640 – 15 May 1693) was a Scottish peer whose family fortunes were deeply implicated in the struggles over Presbyterianism and the Church of England during the Interregnum and the Monmouth Rebellion.
John Hartstonge or Hartstongue (1 December 1654 – 30 January 1717) was an English-born prelate of the Church of Ireland who became Bishop of Ossory and then Bishop of Derry.
Sir John Hayward (c. 1564 – 27 June 1627) was an English historian, lawyer and politician.
John Heartfield (born Helmut Herzfeld; 19 June 1891 – 26 April 1968) was a visual artist who pioneered the use of art as a political weapon.
John Hodge (29 October 1855 – 10 August 1937) was a Coalition Labour party politician in the United Kingdom, and was the first Minister of Labour and the second Minister of Pensions.
The John Kane House, also one of several places known as Washington's Headquarters, is located on East Main Street in Pawling, New York, United States.
John Keating (c. 1630–1691) was an Irish judge of the late seventeenth century, who held office as Chief Justice of the Irish Common Pleas.
Saint John Kemble (1599 – 22 August 1679) was an English Roman Catholic martyr.
John Lilburne (161429 August 1657), also known as Freeborn John, was an English political Leveller before, during and after the English Civil Wars 1642–1650.
Sir John Marley or Marlay (1590–1673) was an English merchant, military commander and politician of the seventeenth century.
John James Marshall (September 24, 1755 – July 6, 1835) was an American politician and the fourth Chief Justice of the United States from 1801 to 1835.
The John Marshall House is a historic house museum and National Historic Landmark at 818 East Marshall Street in Richmond, Virginia.
John Mitchel (Seán Mistéal; 3 November 1815 – 20 March 1875) was an Irish nationalist activist, author, and political journalist.
Sir John Morice (died 1362) was an English-born statesman in fourteenth-century Ireland.
John Murphy (1753 – c. 2 July 1798) was an Irish Roman Catholic priest and one of the leaders of the Irish Rebellion of 1798 in Wexford who was executed by British soldiers.
John Murray, 2nd Earl of Dunmore (31 October 1685 – 18 April 1752), also Viscount of Fincastle and Lord Murray of Blair, Moulin and Tullimet, was a Scottish peer and British Army general.
John Nelson (1535 – 3 February 1578) was an English Jesuit martyr who was executed during the reign of Elizabeth I. Nelson was from Skelton, York.
John Netterville, 2nd Viscount Netterville (c.1603-1659) was an Irish peer, soldier and statesman of the seventeenth century.
John Osborne (c.1630-1692) was an English barrister and judge, who spent much of his life in Ireland.
John Penros, or Penrose (died 1411) was a Cornish-born lawyer and judge who held high office as Lord Chief Justice of Ireland, and subsequently served as a High Court judge in England and Wales.
John Poyer (died 25 April 1649) was a Welsh soldier in the Parliamentary army during the English Civil War in South Wales.
John Silas "Jack" Reed (October 22, 1887 – October 17, 1920) was an American journalist, poet, and socialist activist, best remembered for Ten Days That Shook the World, his first-hand account of the Bolshevik Revolution.
John Ryder (1562–1632) was a lexicographer who published an English-Latin Dictionary that was widely used in the 17th century.
John Spens, Lord Condie (1520?–1573) was a Scottish lawyer and judge who became Lord Advocate.
John Storey (15 May 1869 – 5 October 1921) was an Australian politician who was Premier of New South Wales from 12 April 1920 until his sudden death in Sydney.
John Sugar or Suker (born at Wombourn, Staffordshire, 1558; executed at Warwick, 16 July 1604) was an English Roman Catholic priest.
John the Cappadocian (Ιωάννης ο Καππαδόκης), was a praetorian prefect of the East (532–541) in the Byzantine Empire under Emperor Justinian I (r. 527–565).
John the Skrull is a fictional character, a superhero appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics.
Sir John Thynne (c. 1515 – 21 May 1580) was the steward to Edward Seymour, 1st Duke of Somerset (c. 1506 – 1552) and a member of parliament.
Sir John Urry (or Hurry) (died 29 May 1650) was a Scottish professional soldier who at various times fought for the English Parliament, the English and Scottish Royalists and the Scottish Covenanters.
John William Powell (July 3, 1919 – December 15, 2008) was a journalist and small business proprietor who was most well known for being tried for sedition after publishing an article in 1952 that reported on allegations made by Mainland Chinese officials that the United States and Japan were carrying out germ warfare in the Korean War.
John Wickham (June 6, 1763 - January 22, 1839) was an American Loyalist and attorney.
John Wilkes Booth (May 10, 1838 – April 26, 1865) was the American actor who assassinated President Abraham Lincoln at Ford's Theatre in Washington, D.C. on April 14, 1865.
John Wilmot (1 April 1647 – 26 July 1680) was an English poet and courtier of King Charles II's Restoration court.
John (7 April 1330 – 26 December 1352), an English nobleman, was the Earl of Kent (1331–52) and 4th Baron Wake of Liddell (1349–52).
Johnny Stecchino is an Italian comedy film directed by and starring Roberto Benigni as the protagonist.
Jon Eric Ritzheimer (born October 31, 1983) is an American political activist affiliated with the 3 Percenters and formerly associated with the Oath Keepers group.
Jonathan Dayton (October 16, 1760October 9, 1824) was an American politician from the U.S. state of New Jersey.
Ratu Joni Madraiwiwi, Lord Madraiwiwi Tangatatonga (1957 – 29 September 2016) was a Fijian lawyer, politician and was the Vice-President of Fiji from 2004 to 2006.
Ratu Jope Naucabalavu Seniloli (14 June 1939 – 28 June 2015) was a Fijian chief who held the title of Turaga Taukei Naua and who served as Fiji's Vice-President from 25 March 2001 to 29 November 2004, when he was forced to resign following his conviction for treason on 6 August 2004, and the rejection of his appeal early in November.
José de Urbina y Urbina, 3rd conde de Cartaojal (April 21, 1761 – March 22, 1833) was a Spanish soldier, general, and intendant during the Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars.
José María Teclo Morelos Pérez y Pavón (September 30, 1765, City of Valladolid, now Morelia, Michoacán – December 22, 1815, San Cristóbal Ecatepec, State of México) was a Mexican Roman Catholic priest and revolutionary rebel leader who led the Mexican War of Independence movement, assuming its leadership after the execution of Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla in 1811.
José Julián Martí Pérez (January 28, 1853 – May 19, 1895) was a Cuban National Hero and an important figure in Latin American literature.
José Napoleón Duarte Fuentes (November 23, 1925 – February 23, 1990) was a Salvadoran politician who served as President of El Salvador from June 1, 1984 to June 1, 1989.
José P. Laurel, PLH (born José Paciano Laurel y García; March 9, 1891 – November 6, 1959) was a Filipino politician and judge.
Josef Bryks, MBE, (18 March 1916, Lašťany – 11 August 1957, Ostrov nad Ohří) was a Czechoslovak cavalryman and fighter pilot who escaped the German occupation of Czechoslovakia and became a Flight Lieutenant in the Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve.
Joseph Alexander Mabry II (January 26, 1826 – October 19, 1882) was an American folk figure and businessman active primarily in Knoxville, Tennessee, in the mid-nineteenth century.
Joseph Wanton Jr. (1730–1780) was a Loyalist, merchant, Deputy Governor of Rhode Island in 1764 and 1767 and owner of Hunter House in Newport, Rhode Island.
Marie Josephine Leopoldine Bracken (October 3, 1876 – March 15, 1902) was the common-law wife of Philippine national hero José Rizal during his exile in Dapitan in the province of Zamboanga del Norte in the southern Philippines.
Joshua Gwillen Doan (1811 – February 6, 1839) was a farmer and tanner who participated in the Upper Canada Rebellion of 1837.
Juan Aldama (January 3, 1774 in San Miguel el Grande, Guanajuato – June 26, 1811 in Chihuahua) was a Mexican revolutionary rebel soldier during the Mexican War of Independence in 1810.
Juan Goytisolo Gay (5 January 1931 – 4 June 2017) was a Spanish poet, essayist, and novelist.
The Judgement of Death Act 1823 (c.48; repealed) was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom (although it did not apply to Scotland).
Judgment at Nuremberg is a 1961 American courtroom drama film directed by Stanley Kramer, written by Abby Mann and starring Spencer Tracy, Burt Lancaster, Richard Widmark, Maximilian Schell, Werner Klemperer, Marlene Dietrich, Judy Garland, William Shatner, and Montgomery Clift.
The judicial branch is one of three branches of the government, not the state structure, in the People's Republic of China, along with the executive and legislative branches.
Under the Constitution of Finland, everyone is entitled to have their case heard by a court or an authority appropriately and without undue delay.
The judiciary of Scotland are the judicial office holders who sit in the courts of Scotland and make decisions in both civil and criminal cases.
Jules Mutebutsi (c. 1960 – 9 May 2014) was a Congolese military person and rebel leader of the Rally for Congolese Democracy.
Harold Julian Amery, Baron Amery of Lustleigh, PC (27 March 1919 – 3 September 1996), was a British politician of the Conservative Party, who served as a Member of Parliament (MP) for 39 of the 42 years between 1950 and 1992.
Julian, Count of Ceuta (Don Julián, Conde de Ceuta,, يليان, was, according to some sources a renegade governor, possibly a former comes in Byzantine service in Ceuta and Tangiers who subsequently submitted to the king of Visigothic Spain before joining the Muslims. According to Arab chroniclers, Julian had an important role in the Umayyad conquest of Hispania, a key event in the history of Islam, in which al-Andalus was to play an important part, and in the subsequent history of what were to become Spain and Portugal.
Juliana FitzMaurice, Lady of Thomond (12 April 1266 - 29 September 1300) was a Norman-Irish noblewoman, the daughter of Maurice FitzGerald, 3rd Lord of Offaly, and the wife of Thomas de Clare, Lord of Thomond, a powerful Anglo-Norman baron in Ireland, who was a younger brother of Gilbert de Clare, 6th Earl of Hertford.
Julien Davies Cornell (March 17, 1910 – December 2, 1994) was an American lawyer.
Julius Braunthal (1891–1972) was an Austrian-born Jewish historian, magazine editor, and political activist.
Julius Sello Malema (born 3 March 1981) is a Member of Parliament and the leader of the Economic Freedom Fighters, a far-left and racial nationalist South African political party, which he founded in July 2013.
August Julius Sundblom (22 June 1865 in Jomala – 23 August 1945) was an editor and politician on the Åland Islands, Finland.
Juma Duni Haji (born 26 November 1950) is a Tanzanian opposition politician and former civil servant.
The following events occurred in June 1968.
The Jurisdiction in Liberties Act 1535 (27 Hen 8 c 24) was an Act of the Parliament of England curtailing the independent jurisdiction of liberties and counties palatine, bringing them more in line with the royal government of the shires.
A jury is a sworn body of people convened to render an impartial verdict (a finding of fact on a question) officially submitted to them by a court, or to set a penalty or judgment.
Jury nullification is a concept where members of a trial jury find a defendant not guilty if they do not support a government's law, do not believe it is constitutional or humane, or do not support a possible punishment for breaking the law.
A jury trial, or trial by jury, is a lawful proceeding in which a jury makes a decision or findings of fact.
Just for the record is the sixth episode of the popular 1969 ITC British television series Randall and Hopkirk (Deceased) starring Mike Pratt, Kenneth Cope and Annette Andre.
Justin Loring Alfond (born January 8, 1975) is an American politician and real estate developer.
Kanao Inouye (1916 – August 27, 1947) was a Canadian citizen convicted of high treason and war crimes for his actions during World War II.
Kang Chol-hwan (born September 18, 1968) is a North Korean defector and author.
, also called, was a Japanese anarcho-feminist journalist.
Karel Čurda (10 October 1911 – 29 April 1947) was an active Czech Nazi collaborator during World War II.
Karel Kramář (27 December 1860 – 26 May 1937) was a Czech politician.
Karl Liebknecht (13 August 1871 – 15 January 1919) was a German socialist and a co-founder with Rosa Luxemburg of the Spartacist League and the Communist Party of Germany.
Katharine Basset (c. 1522 – after 1558, occasionally misnamed "Elizabeth") was an English gentlewoman who served at the court of King Henry VIII, namely in the household of Queen Anne of Cleves, and was briefly jailed for speaking against him.
Katherine Stourton, Baroness Grey of Codnor (c. 1455 - 1521) was an English noblewoman.
The Katie Sierra suspension controversy began in October 2001 when high school student Katie Sierra was suspended from Sissonville High School for her activism in opposition to the bombing of Afghanistan.
Katrina Leung (aka Chan Man Ying, Chen Wen Ying, Luo Zhongshan, Parlor Maid) was a former high value Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) informant and PRC Ministry of State Security (MSS) agent who, on April 9, 2003, was indicted by the United States Department of Justice for "Unauthorized Copying of National Defense Information with Intent to Injure or Benefit a Foreign Nation".
, better known by the nom de plume, was a Japanese socialist and anarchist who played a leading role in introducing anarchism to Japan in the early 20th century, particularly by translating the works of contemporary European and Russian anarchists, such as Peter Kropotkin, into Japanese.
Keeping Up with the Joneses is a 2016 American action comedy film directed by Greg Mottola and written by Michael LeSieur.
Kenninghall is a village and civil parish in Norfolk, England, with an area of and a population of 950 at the 2011 census.
During the 2004 presidential election campaign an image was released that showed John Kerry and Jane Fonda speaking together at an anti-Vietnam War protest.
Kethesh Loganathan (full name Ketheeswaran Loganathan, 1952–August 12, 2006) was a Sri Lankan Tamil political activist, a Human Rights advocate and deputy secretary general of the Secretariat for Coordinating the Peace Process (SCOPP).
Kevin Pietersen (born 27 June 1980) is a former English cricketer.
The Kharkov Trial was a war crimes trial held in front of a Soviet military tribunal in December 1943 in Kharkov, Soviet Union.
Khassan Baiev (Хасан Баиев) (born 4 April 1963) is a Chechen-American surgeon who performed numerous operations under critical conditions during the Second Chechen War.
The Khmer Serei ("Free" Khmer), (Chinese：自由高棉）were an anti-communist and anti-monarchist guerrilla force founded by Cambodian nationalist Son Ngoc Thanh. In 1959, he published 'The Manifesto of the Khmer Serei' claiming that Sihanouk was supporting the 'communization' of Kampuchea.Ben Kiernan. How Pol Pot Came to Power: Colonialism, Nationalism, and Communism in Cambodia, 1930-1975, (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1985), p.47 From the 1960s, the Khmer Serei were accumulating in numbers and were on their way to becoming a formidable fighting force. The primary objective of the Khmer Serei was to destabilize the existing powers held by the then Cambodian leader, King Norodom Sihanouk and to overthrow his reign – to become a permanent part of the Cambodian body politic.Robert L. Turkoly-Joczik. The Khmer Serei Movement, Asian Affairs, Vol. 15, No. 1 (Spring, 1988), p.48 Due to the Khmer Serei’s relatively lack of resources, poor timing and lack of dominance as compared to the Khmer Rouge majority and political support from Sihanouk, eventually led to their decline. Their goals, therefore were never brought to fruition.
Kilgore Trout is a fictional character created by author Kurt Vonnegut.
King Edward's School (KES), Bath, Somerset, England is an independent co-educational day school providing education for 1016 pupils aged 3 to 18.
King Huiwen of Qin, also known as Lord Huiwen of Qin or King Hui of Qin, given name Si (駟), was the ruler of the Qin state from 338 to 311 BC during the Warring States period of Chinese history and likely an ancestor of Emperor Qin Shi Huang.
The King of Rome (Rex Romae) was the chief magistrate of the Roman Kingdom.
The Kingdom of Reman or Kingdom of Rahman (Kerajaan Reman; Jawi: كراجأن رمان) was a landlocked traditional Malay kingdom established in the northern Malay Peninsular.
Kirya Balaki Kebba the ex-Rebel Leader now-defunct rebel Uganda Freedom Movement who was kidnapped by security agents from Jamuhuri estate in Nairobi while in Exile in the Republic of Kenya and brought back to Uganda.
Alfred Henschke (4 November 1890 – 14 August 1928), better known by his pseudonym Klabund, was a German writer.
In the fictional Star Trek universe the Klingon High Council (in Klingon tlhIngan yejquv) is the supreme ruling body of the Klingon Empire.
Konstantinos Barbarousis (Greek: Κωνσταντίνος Μπαρμπαρούσης) is a Greek politician and was a member of the Greek Parliament for the Golden Dawn.
KSFO (560 kHz) is a commercial AM radio station in San Francisco, California.
The Kuban People's Republic (Кубанская Народная Республика; Кубанська Народна Республiка) was an anti-Bolshevik state during the Russian Civil War, comprising the territory of the modern-day Kuban region in Russia.
Kurt Eisner (14 May 186721 February 1919)"Kurt Eisner – Encyclopædia Britannica" (biography), Encyclopædia Britannica, 2006, Britannica.com webpage:.
Kyriakos Matsis (Κυριάκος Μάτσης) (23 January 1926 - 19 November 1958) was a Greek Cypriot guerrilla member of EOKA.
Lady Jane Grey (Her exact date of birth is uncertain; many historians agree on the long-held estimate of 1537 while others set it in the later half of 1536 based on newer research. – 12 February 1554), known also as Lady Jane Dudley (after her marriage) and as "the Nine Days' Queen", was an English noblewoman and de facto Queen of England and Ireland from 10 July until 19 July 1553.
Lancaster County, (Pennsylvania German: Lengeschder Kaundi) sometimes nicknamed the Garden Spot of America or Pennsylvania Dutch Country, is a county located in the south central part of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.
Landsberg Prison is a penal facility located in the town of Landsberg am Lech in the southwest of the German state of Bavaria, about west of Munich and south of Augsburg.
Langdon Court is a former manor house, in Wembury, South Devon, England.
Laura Secord (Ingersoll; 13 September 1775 – 17 October 1868) was a Canadian heroine of the War of 1812.
Sir Laurence Esmonde, 1st Baron Esmonde (1570?–1646), was an Irish peer who held office as governor of the crucial fort of Duncannon.
Lauri Allan Törni (28 May 1919 – 18 October 1965), later known as Larry Thorne, was a Finnish soldier who fought under three flags: Finnish, and later German when he fought the Soviets in World War II, and American (where he was known as Larry Thorne) when he served in US Army Special Forces in the Vietnam War.
Lavrentiy Pavlovich Beria (p; tr,; 29 March 1899 – 23 December 1953) was a Soviet politician, Marshal of the Soviet Union and state security administrator, chief of the Soviet security and secret police apparatus (NKVD) under Joseph Stalin during World War II, and promoted to deputy premier under Stalin from 1941.
The law of Hong Kong is based on the rule of law and the independence of the judiciary.
The Law of treason, or lex maiestatis, refers to any one of several ancient Roman laws (leges maiestatis) throughout the republican and Imperial periods dealing with crimes against the Roman people, state, or Emperor.
The Law of Suspects (Loi des suspects) was a decree passed by the French National Convention on 17 September 1793, during the French Revolution.
The law of the British Virgin Islands is a combination of common law and statute, and is based heavily upon English law.
Lawrence "Larry" Dobkin (September 16, 1919 – October 28, 2002) was an American television director, character actor and screenwriter whose career spanned seven decades.
Louis Lazare Hoche (24 June 1768 – 19 September 1797) was a French soldier who rose to be general of the Revolutionary army.
Lèse-majesté (or; also lese-majesty, lese majesty or leze majesty) is the crime of violating majesty, an offence against the dignity of a reigning sovereign or against a state.
Léopold Sédar Senghor (9 October 1906 – 20 December 2001) was a Senegalese poet, politician, and cultural theorist who for two decades served as the first president of Senegal (1960–80).
Lê Văn Thịnh (1038 - 1096), courtesy name Mậu Phu (茂夫), was an official in the royal court of the Lý dynasty.
Leaderless resistance, or phantom cell structure, is a social resistance strategy in which small, independent groups (covert cells), including individuals (a solo cell called a "Lone Wolf"), challenge an established institution such as a law, economic system, social order, government, et cetera.
The Legal Proceedings During Commonwealth Act 1660 or Act of the Confirmation of Judicial Proceedings (12 Chas.2 c.12) was enacted by the English Parliament to legitimise the outcome of judicial proceedings during the English interregnum.
The legal purge in Norway after World War II took place between May 1945 and August 1948 against anyone who was deemed to have collaborated with the German occupation of the country.
In the Roman litigation system, while the Legis Actiones procedure was in force during the early Republic, both parties had to lay down a wager at the preliminary hearing, probably to discourage frivolous litigation.
Legends & Lies is an American television series, shown on Fox News Channel.
Leisler's Rebellion was an uprising in late 17th century colonial New York in which German American merchant and militia captain Jacob Leisler seized control of the colony's south and ruled it from 1689 to 1691.
Lena Constante (June 18, 1909 – November 2005) was a Romanian artist, essayist and memoirist, known for her work in stage design and tapestry.
The Leningrad affair, or Leningrad case ("Ленинградское дело" in Russian, or "Leningradskoye delo"), was a series of criminal cases fabricated in the late 1940s–early 1950s by Joseph Stalin in order to accuse a number of prominent politicians and members of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union of treason and intention to create an anti-Soviet organisation based in Leningrad.
Lennoxville is an arrondissement, or borough, of the city of Sherbrooke, Quebec, Canada.
Leopold Charles Maurice Stennett Amery CH (22 November 1873 – 16 September 1955), usually known as Leo Amery or L. S. Amery, was a British Conservative Party politician and journalist, noted for his interest in military preparedness, British India and the British Empire and for his opposition to appeasement.
Leon Tadeusz Kozłowski (6 June 1892 – 11 May 1944) was a Polish archaeologist and politician who served as Prime Minister of Poland from 1934 to 1935, before being convicted and sentenced to death for Treason during World War II.
Leonardo Alagon, even Alagón or de Alagón, (Oristano, 1436 - Xativa, 1494), was the last marquis of Oristano (1470-1478).
Leonor Teles (or Teles de Meneses), was by marriage queen consort of Portugal and one of the protagonists, along with her brothers and her daughter Beatrice, of the events that led to the Crisis of 1383snd1385, which culminated in the defeat of her son-in-law, King John I of Castile and his armies in the Battle of Aljubarrota.
Les Gibbard (26 October 1945 – 10 October 2010) was a New Zealand born British political cartoonist, journalist, illustrator and animator.
“Let That Be Your Last Battlefield” is the fifteenth episode of the third season of the original American science fiction television show Star Trek.
The Levellers was a political movement during the English Civil War (1642–1651).
The lex Appuleia de maiestate was a Roman law introduced by Lucius Appuleius Saturninus, passed during one of his two tribunates, either 103 BC or 100 BC.
The Lex Julia de maiestate, the Roman legislation on treason attributed to Julius Caesar, has not survived, but can be reconstructed in part from the commentaries on it in Part 48 of the Digesta.
Lawrence Wendell Pfohl (born June 2, 1958) better known by the ring name Lex Luger, is an American retired professional wrestler, television producer and football player currently working with WWE on their wellness policy.
Li Ling (died 74 BC), courtesy name Shaoqing (少卿), was a Han Dynasty general, who served under the reign of Emperor Wu (汉武帝) and later defected to the Xiongnu after being defeated in an expedition in 99 BC.
Li Yannian (died 82 BC) was a Chinese musician during the Han Dynasty.
Li Ye (died 784), also known by her courtesy name Li Jilan (李季蘭), was a Tang dynasty Chinese poet, Taoist nun, courtesan, and entertainer who was known for her talent in poetry as well as her beauty.
Liberty 1784: The Second War for Independence is an alternate history novel written by Robert Conroy.
Liberty Jail is a former jail in Liberty, Missouri, United States, where Joseph Smith, founder of the Latter-day Saint movement, and other associates were imprisoned from December 1, 1838, to April 6, 1839, during the 1838 Mormon War.
A lie is a statement used intentionally for the purpose of deception.
Life imprisonment (also known as imprisonment for life, life in prison, a life sentence, a life term, lifelong incarceration, life incarceration or simply life) is any sentence of imprisonment for a crime under which convicted persons are to remain in prison either for the rest of their natural life or until paroled.
Life imprisonment in Canada is a criminal sentence for certain offences that has an indeterminate length.
In Denmark, a life sentence (Livsvarigt fængsel) is the most severe conviction under the Penal Code and reserved for the most serious crimes.
In Finland, life imprisonment is the maximum criminal penalty.
In Germany, a prisoner sentenced to life imprisonment (lebenslange Freiheitsstrafe) normally may apply for parole after having served 15 years.
A life sentence in Ireland may last for the natural life of the convict.
Definition of the term "life imprisonment" varies.
The life of Joseph Smith from 1838 to 1839, when he was 33–34 years old, covers a period beginning when Smith left Ohio in January 1838 until he left Missouri and moved to Nauvoo, Illinois in 1839.
In the United Kingdom, life peers are appointed members of the peerage whose titles cannot be inherited, in contrast to hereditary peers.
Lilliput and Blefuscu are two fictional island nations that appear in the first part of the 1726 novel Gulliver's Travels by Jonathan Swift.
Linda Thompson (April 26, 1953 – May 10, 2009), born Linda Abrams Dresel, was an American conspiracy theorist and militia movement supporter.
Liselotte Herrmann (called “Lilo”, 23 June 1909 – 20 June 1938, executed) was a German Communist Resistance fighter in Nazi Germany.
Baccano! is a light novel series written by Ryohgo Narita and illustrated by Katsumi Enami.
This is a complete list of brigadier generals in the United States Regular Army before February 2, 1901.
The Roman Catholic martyrs of the English Reformation are men and women executed under treason legislation in the English Reformation, between 1534 and 1680, and recognised as martyrs by the Roman Catholic Church.
This list of conflicts in the Philippines is a timeline of events that includes pre-colonial wars, Spanish–Moro conflict, Philippine revolts against Spain, battles, skirmishes, and other related items that have occurred in the Philippines' geographical area.
This is an incomplete list of conspiracy thriller films and TV series.
This is the list of both known major and minor characters for the animated television series Di-Gata Defenders.
This is a list of people who may or may not have worked for intelligence organizations of the Soviet Union and Soviet-aligned countries against the United States.
Nearly a thousand religious houses; abbeys, priories and friaries were founded in England and Wales during the medieval period; accommodating monks, friars or nuns who had taken vows of obedience, poverty and chastity; each house being led by an abbot or abbess, or by a prior or prioress.
An eponym is a person (real or fictitious) whose name has become identified with a particular object or activity.
The Constitution of Ireland has been amended 29 times since its adoption in 1937, with one further amendment which was approved at referendum and will be signed by the president, subject to the outcome of a High Court petition.
The following is a list of fictional United States presidents, A through B.
The following is a list of real or historical people who have been portrayed as President of the United States in fiction, although they did not hold the office in real life.
This is a list of fictional characters in the anime, manga, and film series Ghost in the Shell created by Masamune Shirow.
The Governor of the State of Hawaii is the head of the executive branch of Hawaii's state government,HI Const.
The Governor of Kentucky is the head of the executive branch of Kentucky's state government, and serves as commander-in-chief of the state's military forces.
The Governor of New York is the head of the executive branch of New York's state government and the commander-in-chief of the state's military forces.
The Governor of Ohio is the head of the executive branch of Ohio's state government and the commander-in-chief of the state's military forces.
The Governor of Texas is the chief executive of the U.S. State of Texas, the presiding officer over the executive branch of the Government of Texas, and the commander-in-chief of the Texas National Guard, the State's militia.
This is a list of Japanese spies including leaders and commanders of the Japanese Secret Intelligence Services (Kempeitai) in the period 1930 to 1945.
The table below lists the judgments of the Constitutional Court of South Africa delivered in 1995, the first year of the court's existence.
K.C. Undercover is an American comedy television series created by Corinne Marshall that originally aired on Disney Channel from January 18, 2015 to February 2, 2018.
This is a list of kidnappings.
This is a list of longest prison sentences served by a single person, worldwide, without a period of freedom followed by a second conviction.
If you add a lynching to this list, and an article on the lynching exists, please also add it to Template:Lynching in the United States.
Through his adventures, Fawcett Comics/DC Comics superhero Captain Marvel and his Marvel Family gained a host of enemies, including the following.
This is a list of miscarriage of justice cases.
This is a list of Monarchs of the British Isles by cause of death.
Moonlight is an American paranormal romance television series which premiered on September 28, 2007, and concluded on May 16, 2008.
This is a list of playable characters from the Mortal Kombat fighting game series and the games in which they appear.
This is a list of the most recent legal executions performed by nations and other entities with criminal law jurisdiction over the people present within its boundaries.
This is a list of notable people from Norway.
The following is a list of some notable Old Harrovians, former pupils of Harrow School in the United Kingdom.
This is a list of people convicted of treason.
This is a list of individuals executed in Connecticut, prior to the abolition of the death penalty on April 25, 2012.
This list of individuals executed in New York gives the names of some of the individuals executed in New York, both before and after statehood in the United States (including as New Amsterdam), as well as the individual's date of execution, method of execution, and the name of the Governor of New York at the date of execution.
This is a list of prominent people killed or executed in Smithfield, one of the most important locations for public executions in the medieval and modern City of London.
The following is a list of people who were beheaded, arranged alphabetically by country or region and with date of decapitation.
This is a list of major political scandals in France.
This article contains a list of minor characters in the American television series Prison Break.
The following is a list of episodes of Richard the Lionheart, a family television show based loosely on the life of Richard I which aired between 1962 and 1963.
Robotech is an 85-episode adaptation of three different Japanese anime science fiction television series, The Super Dimension Fortress Macross, The Super Dimension Cavalry Southern Cross and Genesis Climber Mospeada, under the direction of Carl Macek.
This is a list of people who hold the name Sabinus, subcategorized by profession or common association.
This is a list of Star Wars species, containing the names of fictional sentient species from the Star Wars franchise beginning with the letters F through J. Star Wars is an American epic space opera film series created by George Lucas.
This is a list of Star Wars species, containing the names of fictional sentient species from the Star Wars franchise beginning with the letters P through T. Star Wars is an American epic space opera film series created by George Lucas.
The Life and Times of Juniper Lee is an American cartoon series.
This is a partial chronological list of cases decided by the United States Supreme Court during the Marshall Court, the tenure of Chief Justice John Marshall from February 4, 1801 through July 6, 1835.
This is a partial chronological list of cases decided by the United States Supreme Court during the Stone Court, the tenure of Chief Justice Harlan Fiske Stone from July 3, 1941 through April 22, 1946.
This is a partial chronological list of cases decided by the United States Supreme Court during the Vinson Court, the tenure of Chief Justice Frederick Moore Vinson from June 24, 1946 through September 8, 1953.
This is a partial list of notable faculty, alumni and scholars of the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia, United States.
The following is a list of characters in the W.I.T.C.H. comic series, as well as the eponymous animated television series that first aired in December 2004.
This is a list of characters from the Wild Cards book series.
Little Dalby is a small village near Melton Mowbray, Leicestershire.
Liu Xiaobo (刘晓波, 28 December 1955 – 13 July 2017) was a Chinese writer, literary critic, human rights activist, philosopher and Nobel Peace Prize laureate who called for political reforms and was involved in campaigns to end communist one-party rule in China.
Lo Hsing Han or Law Sit Han (လော်စစ်ဟန်,;; ca. 1930s – July 6, 2013) was a Burmese drug trafficker and became a major Burmese business tycoon, with financial ties to Singapore.
Several bridges named London Bridge have spanned the River Thames between the City of London and Southwark, in central London.
Long Melford (or Melford, as it is known locally) is a large village and civil parish in the county of Suffolk, England.
Lord Haw-Haw was a nickname applied to the Irish-American William Joyce, who broadcast Nazi propaganda to Britain from Germany during the Second World War.
The post of Lord High Treasurer or Lord Treasurer was an English government position and has been a British government position since the Acts of Union of 1707.
Lord John Grey (1523/24 – 19 November 1564) was an English nobleman and Tudor courtier, who was seated at Pirgo Place after 1559.
is a Japanese light novel series written by Tsukasa Kawaguchi and illustrated by Yoshi☆o and Hinata Katagiri.
Lori Helene Berenson (born November 13, 1969) is an American convicted felon, who served a 20-year prison sentence for collaboration with a terrorist organization in Peru in 1996.
Lorna Doone: A Romance of Exmoor is a novel by English author Richard Doddridge Blackmore, published in 1869.
Louis of Beaumont (c. 1430 – 1508) was a medieval noble of the kingdom of Navarre.
Louis Enricht (1844-1923) was a US inventor who claimed that he had invented a substitute for gasoline.
Louisville in the American Civil War was a major stronghold of Union forces, which kept Kentucky firmly in the Union.
In parliamentary systems of government, the loyal opposition is the opposition parties in the legislature.
The Loyal Parliament was the only Parliament of England of King James II, in theory continuing from May 1685 to July 1687, but in practice sitting during 1685 only.
Loyalists were American colonists who remained loyal to the British Crown during the American Revolutionary War, often called Tories, Royalists, or King's Men at the time.
Marcus Annaeus Lucanus (November 3, 39 AD – April 30, 65 AD), better known in English as Lucan, was a Roman poet, born in Corduba (modern-day Córdoba), in Hispania Baetica.
Sir Lucas Dillon (1 January 1530 – 1592; also called Luke Dillon) was a leading Irish barrister and judge of the Elizabethan era who held the offices of Attorney General for Ireland and Chief Baron of the Irish Exchequer.
Lucius Appuleius Saturninus (died late 100 BC) was a Roman populist and tribune.
Lucius Vitellius Veteris or the Elder (before 7 BC – 51) was the youngest of four sons of quaestor Publius Vitellius and the only one who did not die through politics.
Luise Rinser (30 April 1911 – 17 March 2002) was a German writer, best known for her novels and short stories.
In Arthurian legend, Lunete (also known as Luned or Lunet) is a handmaiden and advisor to the Lady of the Fountain (Laudine).
Luther Martin (February 20, 1748, Piscataway, New Jersey – July 8, 1826, New York, New York) was a politician and one of the United States' Founding Fathers, who left the Constitutional Convention early because he felt the Constitution violated states' rights.
Lynching is a premeditated extrajudicial killing by a group.
Lyudmila Fyodorovna Markianova (Людмила Фёдоровна Маркианова.) (born 14 July 1941, Suarikoski, Olonets Karelia, Soviet Union) is a Karelian linguist and a professor emerita.
Mabel Browne, Countess of Kildare (c. 1536 – 25 August 1610) was the wife of Gerald FitzGerald, 11th Earl of Kildare, Baron of Offaly (25 February 1525 – 16 November 1585).
Macduff's son is a character in William Shakespeare's tragedy Macbeth (1606).
Macedonia or Macedon (Μακεδονία, Makedonía) was an ancient kingdom on the periphery of Archaic and Classical Greece, and later the dominant state of Hellenistic Greece.
Brigadier William Mackintosh, Laird of Borlum (1658–1743) usually known as Mackintosh of Borlum was a Scottish soldier and a leader of the Jacobite rising of 1715 and a member of the Clan Mackintosh.
Magdalena "Malla" or "Malin" Charlotta Rudenschöld (1 January 1766 – 5 March 1823 in Stockholm, Sweden), was a Swedish countess, lady-in-waiting and conspirator.
The magistrates' courts are the lowest level of the court system in South Africa.
The Magonista Rebellion of 1911 was an early uprising of the Mexican Revolution organized by the Liberal Party of Mexico (known in Spanish as the Partido Liberal Mexicano or PLM), which was only successful in northern Baja California.
The Makabayang Katipunan ng mga Pilipino (Patriotic Association of Filipinos), better known as the Makapili, was a militant group formed in the Philippines in 1944 during World War II to give military aid to the Imperial Japanese Army.
Grigory Lukyanovich Skuratov-Belskiy (Григорий Лукьянович Скуратов-Бельский), better known as Malyuta Skuratov (Малюта Скуратов) (? – January 1, 1573) was one of the most odious leaders of the Oprichnina during the reign of Ivan the Terrible.
Man in a Suitcase is a British television series produced by Lew Grade's ITC Entertainment.
The Mandinka people of Sierra Leone (commonly referred to as the Mandingo, Mandinka or Malinke) is a major ethnic group in Sierra Leone and a branch of the Mandinka people of West Africa.
Captain Sir Mansfield George Smith Cumming, (1 April 1859 – 14 June 1923) was the first director of what would become the Secret Intelligence Service (SIS), also known as MI6.
Manuel María de Salcedo y Quiroga, (Málaga, Spain, (1776 – executed, April 3, 1813), was a governor of Spanish Texas from 1808 until his execution in 1813. Salcedo gained leadership experience helping his father Juan Manuel de Salcedo, the 11th and last Spanish governor of Louisiana, (1801–November 30, 1803, when it was handed back to the French). In 1807, the younger Salcedo was appointed governor of Texas, and he officially assumed that role on November 7, 1808. As governor, he and his uncle Nemesio Salcedo, the Commandant General of the Interior Provinces, often disagreed, especially on immigration issues. Salcedo was overthrown by Juan Bautista de las Casas in January 1811 and imprisoned for several months in Monclova. After he persuaded his captor, Ignacio Elizondo, to switch allegiances, Salcedo assisted in capturing documents detailing the movements of Miguel Hidalgo's army. The rebel army was captured one week later, and Salcedo led the military tribunal which eventually sentenced the rebel leaders to death. After fulfilling his duties with the tribunal Salcedo returned to Texas, but he did not resume his duties for several months as a result of a dispute with his uncle and whether he was at fault for his own capture. In 1812, Salcedo led the Spanish army in Texas against the filibusters calling themselves the Republican Army of the North. He was never able to defeat that army, and he surrendered on April 2, 1813. Despite assurances that he would be imprisoned, extremists of the filibuster forces executed him the following day. To avenge Salcedo's death, the Spanish army quickly reconquered Texas and dealt harshly with any they suspected of treason.
Manzoor Ul Haq Siddiqi (Urdu:منطورالحق صدیقی; 12 April 1917 – 27 July 2004).
María Corina Machado Parisca (born 7 October 1967, Machado, María Corina. Es ahora. María Corina. Accessed 25 April 2010. sometimes referred to as MCM) served as an elected member of the National Assembly of Venezuela (NA).
Marcel Bucard (December 7, 1895, Saint-Clair-sur-Epte – March 13, 1946, Fort of Châtillon) was a French Fascist politician.
Marcellus (Μάρκελλος) was an East Roman (Byzantine) judicial official, one of the closest aides of the Byzantine emperor Justinian I (r. 527–565) and commander of the imperial bodyguard of the excubitores in circa 541–552.
A Marcher Lord was a noble appointed by the King of England to guard the border (known as the Welsh Marches) between England and Wales.
Lady Margaret Lee (née Wyatt) (1506(?) – 1543(?)) was a sister of the poet Thomas Wyatt, and a favourite of Queen Anne Boleyn, second wife of King Henry VIII of England.
Margaret Nicholson (c. 1750 – 14 May 1828) was an Englishwoman who assaulted King George III in 1786.
Margaret Stewart (born c. 1455, date of death unknown) was the younger daughter of James II of Scotland and Mary of Guelders.
Margaret Wotton, Marchioness of Dorset (1487–1541) was the second wife of Thomas Grey, 2nd Marquess of Dorset, and the mother of his children, including Henry Grey, 1st Duke of Suffolk, with whom she engaged in many quarrels during his minority over money and his allowance.
Margarete "Grete" Schütte-Lihotzky (January 23, 1897, Margareten bei Wien, Austria-Hungary – January 18, 2000) was the first female Austrian architect and a communist activist in the German resistance to Nazism.
Margery Myers Strohm (née Booth; 1905/1906 – 11 April 1952), also known as Margery Kallus, was a British opera singer, who having married a German and emigrated to Germany, became a British spy during World War II, who met Adolf Hitler and sang at a British prisoner of war camp.
Mariano Gómez de los Ángeles was a Filipino Catholic priest, part of the Gomburza trio who were falsely accused of mutiny by the Spanish colonial authorities in the Philippines in the 19th century.
Mariano Matamoros y Guridi (August 14, 1770 – February 3, 1814) was a Mexican Roman Catholic priest and revolutionary rebel soldier of the Mexican War of Independence, who fought for independence against Spain in the early 19th century.
Mariano Noriel (1864 - January 27, 1915) was a Filipino general who fought during the Philippine Revolution and the Philippine-American War.
The Mariavite Church was an independent Christian church that emerged from the Catholic Church of Poland at the turn of the 20th century.
Maricao is the second-least populous municipality of Puerto Rico (U.S.); it is located at the western edge of the Cordillera Central.
Marie, Princess of Hornes (30 November 1736), Baroness de Melsbroeck suo jure, was the wife of Maximilian, Prince of Hornes.
Marie-Jean Hérault de Séchelles (20 September 1759 – 5 April 1794) was a French judge and politician who took part in the French Revolution.
Marcus Antonius (Latin:; 14 January 1 August 30 BC), commonly known in English as Mark Antony or Marc Antony, was a Roman politician and general who played a critical role in the transformation of the Roman Republic from an oligarchy into the autocratic Roman Empire.
Mark Antony is a historical figure who features as a character in the HBO/BBC2 original television series Rome, played by James Purefoy.
Mark Shouldice (born December 21, 1977), known professionally as Mark Dice,.
Mark W. Eves is an American politician and family therapist from Maine.
Mark Smeaton (c. 1512 – 17 May 1536) was a musician at the court of Henry VIII of England, in the household of Queen Anne Boleyn.
Markus Johannes "Mischa" Wolf (19 January 1923 – 9 November 2006) was head of the Main Directorate for Reconnaissance (Hauptverwaltung Aufklärung), the foreign intelligence division of East Germany's Ministry for State Security (MfS, commonly known as the Stasi).
The title Marquess of Dorset has been created three times in the Peerage of England.
Martin James Monti (October 24, 1921 – September 11, 2000) was a United States Army Air Force pilot who defected to the Axis powers in October 1944 and worked as a propaganda broadcaster and writer.
Martta Johanna Koskinen (1897 – 29 September 1943) was a Helsinki seamstress, who was sentenced to death for high treason and executed by firing squad on 29 September 1943, the last woman executed in Finland.
The Martyrs of Compiègne were the 16 members of the Carmel of Compiègne, France: 11 Discalced Carmelite nuns, three lay sisters, and two externs (tertiaries of the Order, who would handle the community's needs outside the monastery).
Marvin Charles Gabrion (born October 18, 1953) is an American man convicted of the 1997 kidnapping and murder of 19-year-old Rachel Timmerman, of Cedar Springs, Michigan.
Mary Fiennes (1495–1531) was an English noblewoman and the wife of Sir Henry Norris who was executed for treason as one of the alleged lovers of her cousin, Anne Boleyn, the second wife of King Henry VIII of England.
Mary Katherine Goddard (June 16, 1738 – August 12, 1816) was an early American publisher, and the postmaster of the Baltimore Post Office from 1775 to 1789.
Mary Stewart, Countess of Arran (13 May 1453 – May 1488)Charles Cawley,.
Mary Tudor (18 March 1496 – 25 June 1533) was an English princess who was briefly Queen of France and later progenitor of a family that claimed the English throne.
Masei, Mas'ei, or Masse (— Hebrew for "journeys," the second word, and the first distinctive word, in the parashah) is the 43rd weekly Torah portion (parashah) in the annual Jewish cycle of Torah reading and the 10th and last in the Book of Numbers.
Mathieu Dreyfus (1857-1930) was an Alsatian Jewish industrialist and the older brother of Alfred Dreyfus, a French military officer falsely convicted of treason in what became known as the Dreyfus Affair.
Matthew Thornton (March 17, 1713 – June 24, 1803) was an Irish-born signer of the United States Declaration of Independence as a representative of New Hampshire.
Matts Dumell (born 1952) is a Swedish-speaking Finn journalist with a long career in TV-Production and Documentary film making in Public Service.
Maud de Braose, Lady of Bramber (c. 1155 – 1210) was an English noble, the spouse of William de Braose, 4th Lord of Bramber, a powerful Marcher baron and court favourite of King John of England.
Maurice Crosbie, 1st Baron Brandon, (c. 1689 – c. 1762) was an Irish politician and peer.
Maurus Corker (baptised James; 1636 – 22 December 1715) was an English Benedictine who was falsely accused and imprisoned as a result of the fabricated Popish Plot, but was acquitted of treason and eventually released.
Max Oscar Otto Koischwitz (February 19, 1902 – August 31, 1944) was a naturalized American of German origin who directed and broadcast Nazi propaganda during World War II.
Maximilian Friedrich Wilhelm August Leopold von Schwartzkoppen (24 February 1850 – 8 January 1917) was a Prussian military officer.
The Mayor of Newport (full style The Right Worshipful the Mayor of the City of Newport) is the civic figurehead and first citizen of the city of Newport, Wales.
Mazinger, later called Mazinger U.S.A. Version or Mazinger U.S. Version to avoid confusions with the rest of the Mazinger works, is a 58 pages long manga created by Go Nagai specifically for the US market.
McCarthyism is the practice of making accusations of subversion or treason without proper regard for evidence.
Meeting at the Milestone (Møte ved Milepelen) by Sigurd Hoel was first published in 1947 by Gyldendal Norsk Forlag.
Melanie Morgan is an American radio personality, formerly with KSFO (560 kHz AM) in San Francisco where her husband, Jack Swanson, was VP of News and Programming.
Meldon Park is a privately owned country mansion situated at Meldon, Northumberland.
The memogate controversy (also Mullen memo controversy) revolves around a memorandum (addressed to Admiral Mike Mullen) ostensibly seeking help of the Obama administration in the wake of the Osama bin Laden raid to avert a military takeover of the civilian government in Pakistan, as well as assisting in a civilian takeover of the government and military apparatus.
The Merciless Parliament, a term coined by Augustinian chronicler Henry Knighton, refers to the English parliamentary session of February to June 1388, at which many members of Richard II's Court were convicted of treason.
Merevale Hall is a private country house in Merevale, near Atherstone, Warwickshire.
Mesfin Woldemariam (also spelled Mesfin Wolde Mariam; Ge'ez: መስፍን ወልደ ማርያም born 1930) is an Ethiopian academic and human rights activist.
Messidor is a four-act operatic drame lyrique by Alfred Bruneau to a French libretto by Émile Zola.
Metin Kaplan (born November 14, 1952, in the Turkish province of Erzurum) is the leader of the Islamic extremist movement Kalifatsstaat ("Caliphate State") which is based in Cologne, Germany.
Michael Joseph (died 27 June 1497), better known as Michael An Gof, was one of the leaders of the Cornish Rebellion of 1497, along with Thomas Flamank.
Michael de la Pole, 1st Baron de la Pole, later 1st Earl of Suffolk (c. 1330 – 5 September 1389) was an English financier and Lord Chancellor of England.
Michael Craig Folk (born in Martinsburg, West Virginia) is an American politician and a Republican member of the West Virginia House of Delegates representing District 63 since January 12, 2013.
Michael L. "Mikey" Weinstein is an American attorney, businessman, and former Air Force officer.
Michael Edward Reagan (born John Flaugher; March 18, 1945) is an American political commentator, Republican strategist, former radio talk show host, and author.
Marshal of the Empire Michel Ney, 1st Duke of Elchingen, 1st Prince of the Moskva (10 January 1769 – 7 December 1815), popularly known as Marshal Ney, was a French soldier and military commander during the French Revolutionary Wars and the Napoleonic Wars.
Mikhail Nikolayevich Tukhachevsky (Михаи́л Никола́евич Тухаче́вский; – June 12, 1937) was a leading Soviet military leader and theoretician from 1918 to 1937.
Mildred Elizabeth Gillars (November 29, 1900 – June 25, 1988), nicknamed "Axis Sally" along with Rita Zucca, was an American broadcaster employed by the Third Reich in Nazi Germany to disseminate propaganda during World War II.
The military and political career of Simón Bolívar, (July 24, 1783 – December 17, 1830), which included both formal service in the armies of various revolutionary regimes and actions organized by himself or in collaboration with other exiled patriot leaders during the years from 1811 to 1830, was an important element in the success of the independence wars in South America.
The military conquests of the Ming dynasty were instrumental to the dynasty's hold on power during the early Ming.
A large contingent of African Americans served in the American Civil War.
Although the military history of Oceania probably goes back thousands of years to the first human settlement in the region, little is known about war in Oceania until the arrival of Europeans.
The Netherlands, as a nation-state, dates to 1568, when the Dutch Revolt created the Dutch Empire.
Following the quashing of George Speight's civilian coup d'état in 2000, the Military handed power over to a civilian administration led by the banker, Laisenia Qarase, who won the parliamentary election held to restore democracy in September 2001.
First Lieutenant Milo Minderbinder is a fictional character in Joseph Heller's most successful novel, Catch-22.
Miltiades (Μιλτιάδης; c. 550 – 489 BC), also known as Miltiades the Younger, was an Athenian citizen known mostly for his role in the Battle of Marathon, as well as for his downfall afterwards.
The Ministry of Finance of Azerbaijan Republic (Azərbaycan Respublikasının Maliyyə Nazirliyi) is a governmental agency within the Cabinet of Azerbaijan in charge of regulating the financial sector in Azerbaijan Republic.
Miodrag Belodedici (Serbian Миодраг Белодедић / Miodrag Belodedić; born 20 May 1964) is a Romanian retired footballer who played as a sweeper.
Misprision (from mesprendre, modern se méprendre, "to misunderstand") is a term of English law used to describe certain kinds of offence.
Misprision of treason is an offence found in many common law jurisdictions around the world, having been inherited from English law.
The MKO Abiola Statue is a monumental statue designed and erected by Olurotimi Ajayi in memory of Chief Moshood Abiola, a politician who was widely regarded as the winner of the inconclusive 1993 Nigerian elections.
The Modus Tenendi Parliamentum (Method of Holding Parliaments) is a 14th-century document that outlined an idealised version of English parliamentary procedure.
Mohamed Aden Sheikh (c. 1936 – September 30, 2010) was a Somali medical doctor and politician who held posts as Minister of Health, Minister of Education, and Minister of Information.
In espionage jargon, a mole (also called a "penetration agent", "deep cover agent", or "sleeper agent") is a long-term spy (espionage agent) who is recruited before having access to secret intelligence, subsequently managing to get into the target organization.
There are 13 monarchies in the Americas (self-governing states and territories that have a monarch as head of state).
The monarchy of the Netherlands is constitutional and as such, the role and position of the monarch are defined and limited by the Constitution of the Netherlands.
Monmouth (Trefynwy meaning "town on the Monnow") is the historic county town of Monmouthshire, Wales.
Mordred or Modred (Medrawt) is a character in the Arthurian legend, known as a notorious traitor who fought King Arthur at the Battle of Camlann, where he was killed and Arthur was fatally wounded.
Morgan Richard Tsvangirai (10 March 1952 – 14 February 2018) was a Zimbabwean politician who was Prime Minister of Zimbabwe from 2009 to 2013.
Moses Dobruška, Moses Dobruschka, alias Junius Frey (12 July 1753, Brno, Moravia – 5 April 1794) was the first cousin once removed of Jacob Frank, the founder of the Frankist sect who claimed to be the Jewish messiah.
Moses Jongizizwe Mayekiso (born 21 October 1948) From Who's who in South African Politics, Vol.
Chief Moshood Kashimawo Olawale Abiola, GCFR (24 August 1937 – 7 July 1998) was a Nigerian Yoruba businessman, publisher, politician and aristocrat of the Yoruba Egba clan.
Mossad (הַמוֹסָד,; الموساد,,; literally meaning "the Institute"), short for (המוסד למודיעין ולתפקידים מיוחדים, meaning "Institute for Intelligence and Special Operations"), is the national intelligence agency of Israel.
There are many suggested motives for spying that an individual may have.
Moussa Kaka is a Nigerien radio journalist and director of Maradi based station Saraounia FM, as well as a correspondent for France's Radio France International.
Moustapha Lô (died 15 June 1967) was a Senegalese man who attempted to assassinate Senegalese President Léopold Sédar Senghor on 22 March 1967 at the Dakar Grand Mosque.
The Francist Movement (Mouvement Franciste, MF) was a French Fascist and Antisemitic league created by Marcel Bucard in September 1933; it edited the newspaper Le Francisme.
The Movement for the Emancipation of the Niger Delta (MEND) is one of the largest militant groups in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria.
Muhamed Mehmedbašić (Мухамед Мехмедбашић; 1887–29 May 1943) was a Bosnian revolutionary and conspirator in the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria.
Multiple citizenship, dual citizenship, multiple nationality or dual nationality, is a person's citizenship status, in which a person is concurrently regarded as a citizen of more than one state under the laws of those states.
Munyaradzi Gwisai (Neither his forename nor Surname name are his original birth name) is a Zimbabwean politician and general coordinator of the International Socialist Organization in Zimbabwe.
Murad Subay (born July 3, 1987 in Dhamar) is a Yemeni contemporary artist, street artist and a political activist who has launched several street art campaigns of which society engagement marked one of their important elements.
Articles 108 through 108-C of the define crimes similar to those known as murder in Anglophone countries.
Murdoch Stewart, Duke of Albany (Muireadhach Stiubhart) (1362 – 24 May 1425) was a leading Scottish nobleman, the son of Robert Stewart, Duke of Albany and the grandson of King Robert II of Scotland, who founded the Stewart dynasty.
-- which is "quite_a while ago"...https://www.youtube.com/watch?v.
Mutiny is a criminal conspiracy among a group of people (typically members of the military or the crew of any ship, even if they are civilians) to openly oppose, change, or overthrow a lawful authority to which they are subject.
The Mutiny Act 1703 (2 & 3 Anne c. 20) was one of the Mutiny Acts passed by the Parliament of England.
N.W.A (an abbreviation for Niggaz Wit Attitudes) was an American hip hop group from Los Angeles, California.
Naděžda Kavalírová (13 November 1923 – 20 January 2017) was a Czechoslovakian-born Czech paramedic, human rights activist and former political prisoner who became actively involved in the resistance to Czechoslovakia's Communist government.
Naomi R. Wolf (born November 12, 1962) is a liberal progressive American author, journalist, feminist, and former political advisor to Al Gore and Bill Clinton.
The Napoleonist Syndrome is a psychological complex, or character disorder, underlying the attachment shown by members of a combatant country to the enemy leader, Napoleon.
The National Internment Camp for Women in Hovedøya (Statens interneringsleir for kvinner, Hovedøya) was Norway's largest internment camp for women, located on the island of Hovedøya in Oslo.
The National Penitentiary Institute of Peru (Instituto Nacional Penitenciario, INPE) is the government agency charged with incarcerating convicts and suspects charged with crimes.
The National Security League (NSL) was an American patriotic and nationalistic nonprofit, nonpartisan organization.
The Nauvoo Legion was a state-authorized militia of the city of Nauvoo, Illinois.
The Negev Nuclear Research Center (קריה למחקר גרעיני – נגב, officially Nuclear Research Center – Negev or NRCN, unofficially sometimes referred to as the Dimona reactor) is an Israeli nuclear installation located in the Negev desert, about thirteen kilometers south-east of the city of Dimona.
Nevozvrashchentsy (plural form, singular is nevozvrashchenets; невозвращенцы, literally a "nonreturnees") is the Russian term for citizens of the USSR who refused to return to their country from trips abroad.
The New Alliance Party (Partido Nueva Alianza, PNA or PANAL) is a political party in Mexico.
"New Car Smell" is the fourth episode of the second season of the American television drama series Homeland, and the 16th episode overall.
The New Jersey Plan (also known as the Small State Plan or the Paterson Plan) was a proposal for the structure of the United States Government presented by William Paterson at the Constitutional Convention on June 15, 1787.
New men is a term referring to various groups of the socially upwardly mobile in England during the House of Lancaster, House of York and Tudor periods.
The New World Order or NWO is claimed to be an emerging clandestine totalitarian world government by various conspiracy theories.
Newington Green is an open space in north London that straddles the border between Islington and Hackney.
Sir Nicholas Conyngham Tindal, PC (12 December 1776 – 6 July 1846) was a celebrated English lawyer who successfully defended the then Queen of the United Kingdom, Caroline of Brunswick, at her trial for adultery in 1820.
Sir Nicholas Exton (died 1402) was a medieval English merchant.
Nicholas Fitzherbert (1550 – 6 November 1612) was an English recusant gentleman who served as secretary to Cardinal William Allen and was found guilty of treason due to his Catholicism.
Nicolas Lawless, 1st Baron Cloncurry (30 October 1735 – 28 August 1799), known as Sir Nicholas Lawless, Bt, between 1776 and 1789, was an Irish peer, wool merchant, banker and politician.
Nicholas Nugent (c. 1525–1582) was an Anglo-Irish judge, who was hanged for treason by the (British) government that appointed him.
Sir Nicholas Pelham (by 1513 – 15 September 1560) of Laughton, Sussex was an English politician.
Sir Nicholas Wadham (by 1472–1542) of Merryfield in the parish of Ilton, Somerset and Edge in the parish of Branscombe, Devon was the grandfather of Nicholas Wadham (1531-1609), posthumous co-founder of Wadham College, Oxford whose wife Dorothy Wadham outlived him and, in her advanced old age, saw the project through to completion.
The Night of the Murdered Poets (Delo Yevreyskogo antifashistskogo komiteta "Jewish Anti-Fascist Committee affair"; הרוגי מלכות פונעם ראטנפארבאנד Harugey malkus funem Ratnfarband, "Soviet Union Martyrs") was an execution of thirteen Soviet Jews in the Lubyanka Prison in Moscow, Soviet Union on August 12, 1952.
Nikolai Alekseevich Voznesensky (Никола́й Алексе́евич Вознесе́нский, – 1 October 1950) was the Soviet economic planner who oversaw the running of Gosplan during the German-Soviet War.
Nikolaos Makarezos (Νικόλαος Μακαρέζος; 1919 – 3 August 2009) was a Greek Army officer and one of the masterminds of the Greek military junta of 1967-1974.
The nine familial exterminations or nine kinship exterminations (also known as zú zhū (族誅), literally "family execution" and miè zú (灭族/滅族), literally "family extermination" or "execution of nine relations") was the most serious punishment for a capital offense in Ancient China.
North American Confederacy is an alternate history series of novels created by L. Neil Smith.
The Northern Ireland Constitution Act 1973 (c. 36) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom which received the royal assent on 18 July 1973.
Norwegian Vietnamese or Vietnamese Norwegian refers to citizens or naturalized residents of Norway of Vietnamese descent.
Nothing but the Truth is a 2008 American drama film written and directed by Rod Lurie.
The following events occurred in November 1964.
Novichok (Новичо́к, "newcomer"/ "newbie") is a series of nerve agents developed by the Soviet Union and Russia between 1971 and 1993.
Nuclear espionage is the purposeful giving of state secrets regarding nuclear weapons to other states without authorization (espionage).
Nuclear proliferation is the spread of nuclear weapons, fissionable material, and weapons-applicable nuclear technology and information to nations not recognized as "Nuclear Weapon States" by the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, commonly known as the Non-Proliferation Treaty or NPT.
Israel is widely believed to possess nuclear weapons, with an estimated arsenal of up to 400 warheads; which would make it the world's third biggest arsenal.
Nukulau Island is a small islet belonging to Fiji.
O'Doherty's rebellion took place in 1608 when the landowner Sir Cahir O'Doherty began an uprising against the authorities in the north-west of Ireland.
The Canadian Oath of Allegiance is a promise or declaration of fealty to the Canadian monarch, as personification of the Canadian state, taken, along with other specific oaths of office, by new occupants of various federal and provincial government offices, members of federal, provincial, and municipal police forces, members of the Canadian Armed Forces, and, in some provinces, all lawyers upon admission to the bar.
An oath of office is an oath or affirmation a person takes before undertaking the duties of an office, usually a position in government or within a religious body, although such oaths are sometimes required of officers of other organizations.
The Oath of Supremacy required any person taking public or church office in England to swear allegiance to the monarch as Supreme Governor of the Church of England.
Oats Studios is an independent film studio started in 2017 by Oscar-nominated Canadian filmmaker Neill Blomkamp.
Ohio Wesleyan University (also known as Wesleyan or OWU) is a private liberal arts college in Delaware, Ohio, United States.
Ohiopyle is a borough in Fayette County, Pennsylvania, United States.
The Legislature of the State of Oklahoma is the state legislative branch of the U.S. state of Oklahoma.
Donaldson Oladipo Diya (born 3 April 1944) is a retired Lt.
Mauno Olavi Laiho (1907 - 2 September 1944) was the last Finn to be executed in Finland.
Old Bolshevik (ста́рый большеви́к, stary bolshevik), also Old Bolshevik Guard or Old Party Guard, became an unofficial designation for those who were members of the Bolshevik party before the Russian Revolution of 1917.
The Old Calton Burial Ground is a graveyard at Calton Hill, in Edinburgh, Scotland, to the north-east of the city centre.
Old Kent Road is a major thoroughfare in South East London, England, passing through the London Borough of Southwark.
Ole Wehus (25 June 1909 – 10 March 1947) was a Norwegian police official and member of the fascist party Nasjonal Samling who was sentenced to death penalty and executed in 1947.
Oleg Antonovich Gordievsky, CMG (Оле́г Анто́нович Гордие́вский; born 10 October 1938) is a former colonel of the KGB and KGB resident-designate (rezident) and bureau chief in London, who was a secret agent of the British Secret Intelligence Service from 1974 to 1985.
Oleg Danilovich Kalugin (Оле́г Дани́лович Калу́гин; born September 6, 1934) is a former KGB general (stripped of his rank and awards by a Russian Court decision in 2002).
Olga Rudge (13 April 1895 – 15 March 1996) was an American-born concert violinist, now mainly remembered as the long-time mistress of the poet Ezra Pound, by whom she had a daughter, Mary.
Olier Mordrel (29 April 1901 – 25 October 1985) is the Breton language version of Olivier Mordrelle, a Breton nationalist and wartime collaborator with the Third Reich who founded the separatist Breton National Party.
Omar Bakri Muhammad (عمر بکری فستق; born Omar Bakri Fostock in 1958) is a Syrian Salafi Islamist militant leader, born in Aleppo, Syria.
Daniel Omara Atubo is a Ugandan lawyer, educator and politician.
Ometz LeSarev (אומץ לסרב, Courage to Refuse) is an organization of reserve officers and soldiers of the Israel Defense Forces (IDF) who refuse to serve beyond the 1967 borders, but "shall continue serving in the Israel Defense Forces in any mission that serves Israel's defense." These conscientious objectors refer to themselves as refuseniks a reference to the refusenik Jews of Soviet Russia.
On a Clear Day You Can See Forever is a 1970 American musical comedy-drama fantasy film directed by Vincente Minnelli.
On Secret Service is a 1933 British thriller film directed by Arthur B. Woods and starring Greta Nissen, Karl Ludwig Diehl, Don Alvarado and Austin Trevor.
One Man's Hero is a 1999 historical war drama film directed by Lance Hool and starring Tom Berenger, Joaquim de Almeida and Daniela Romo.
"Only You" is the tenth episode of the first season of the period drama television series The Americans.
Open-source intelligence (OSINT) is data collected from publicly available sources to be used in an intelligence context.
Operation Anthropoid was the code name for the assassination during World War II of Schutzstaffel (SS)-Obergruppenführer and General der Polizei Reinhard Heydrich, head of the Reichssicherheitshauptamt (Reich Main Security Office, RSHA), the combined security services of Nazi Germany, and acting Reichsprotektor of the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia.
Operation Quartz was a planned military operation to be conducted by the Rhodesian armed forces against Robert Mugabe and ZANU-PF in the event that party lost the Southern Rhodesian general election, 1980.
The oprichnina (опри́чнина) was a state policy implemented by Tsar Ivan the Terrible in Russia between 1565 and 1572.
The Order of the Garter (formally the Most Noble Order of the Garter) is an order of chivalry founded by Edward III in 1348 and regarded as the most prestigious British order of chivalry (though in precedence inferior to the military Victoria Cross and George Cross) in England and the United Kingdom.
Organized crime is a category of transnational, national, or local groupings of highly centralized enterprises run by criminals who intend to engage in illegal activity, most commonly for money and profit.
Polygamy, or plural marriage, in the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints probably originated with the founder of Mormonism, Joseph Smith, who taught that polygamy was a divine commandment.
Orly Taitz (born August 30, 1960) is a Moldovan-American political conspiracy theorist.
Osler, Hoskin & Harcourt LLP is one of Canada's largest and most prestigious business law firms practising nationally and internationally from its offices in Canada and New York.
Otto II (955 – December 7, 983), called the Red (Rufus), was Holy Roman Emperor from 973 until his death in 983.
Out Distance was a Czech resistance group during World War II, operating in the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia (part of occupied Czechoslovakia).
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to criminal justice: Criminal justice – system of practices and institutions of governments directed at upholding social control, deterring and mitigating crime, or sanctioning those who violate laws with criminal penalties and rehabilitation efforts.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to law: Law – is the set of rules and principles (laws) by which a society is governed, through enforcement by governmental authorities.
An overlord in the English feudal system was a lord of a manor who had subinfeudated a particular manor, estate or fee, to a tenant.
In criminal law, an overt act is the one that can be clearly proved by evidence and from which criminal intent can be inferred, as opposed to a mere intention in the mind to commit a crime.
Ratu Ovini Bokini Ratu (3 November 1944 – 15 January 2009) was a Fijian chief and political leader.
Owain ab Edwin of Tegeingl or Owain Fradwr (Welsh: "the Traitor"; ? – 1105) was lord of the cantref of Tegeingl in north-east Wales at the end of the 11th century.
Owain ap Dafydd (–), potential claimant to the title Prince of Gwynedd, was the younger son of Dafydd ap Gruffydd, the last free ruler of Gwynedd and the self-proclaimed Prince of Wales.
The Oxfordshire rising took place in November 1596 under the rule of Queen Elizabeth I of England during times of bad harvest and unprecedented poverty.
In English law, Oyer and terminer (a partial translation of the Anglo-French oyer et terminer which literally means "to hear and to determine") was the Law French name for one of the commissions by which a judge of assize sat.
The Pacific Movement of the Eastern World (PMEW) was a 1930s North American based pro-Japanese movement of African Americans which promoted the idea that Japan was the champion of all non-white peoples.
Pakistan–United States relations refers to the bilateral relationship between Pakistan and the United States.
Palace at Otwock Wielki or Otwock Grand Palace is otherwise known as the Jezierscy Family palace (Polish: Pałac Jezierskich) or Bielińscy Family palace (Polish: Pałac Bielińskich).
The Palace Revolt of 1912 (Thai: กบฏ ร.ศ. 130) was a failed uprising against the absolute monarchy of Siam.
Palestine: Peace Not Apartheid is a ''New York Times'' Best Seller book written by Jimmy Carter, 39th President of the United States (1977–1981) and laureate of the 2002 Nobel Peace Prize.
Palestinian land laws refer to ownership of land under the Palestinian Authority (PA).
Pang Juan (died 342 BC) was an ancient Chinese military general of the Wei state during the Warring States period.
The Paper Money Riot, or Exeter Rebellion, was an armed uprising in Exeter, New Hampshire, on September 20, 1786.
The Papua conflict is an ongoing conflict between the Indonesian government and portions of the indigenous populations of Western New Guinea (Papua) in the Indonesian provinces of Papua and West Papua on the island of New Guinea in which the Indonesian government has been accused of conducting a genocidal campaign against the indigenous inhabitants.
The parakoimōmenos (παρακοιμώμενος, literally "the one who sleeps beside ") was a Byzantine court position, usually reserved for eunuchs.
The Parliament of Finland, is the unicameral supreme legislature of Finland, founded on 9 May 1906.
Parmenion (also Parmenio; Παρμενίων; c. 400 – Ecbatana, 330 BC) was an ancient Macedonian general in the service of Philip II of Macedon and Alexander the Great.
The Prague uprising from 5-9 May 1945 in Prague, Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia involved various groups with differing motivations and loyalties.
The Partition of India was the division of British India in 1947 which accompanied the creation of two independent dominions, India and Pakistan.
Pascal Lissouba (born November 15, 1931) is the first democratically elected President of the Republic of the Congo and served from August 31, 1992 to October 15, 1997.
Passmore Williamson (February 23, 1822 - February 1, 1895) was an abolitionist and businessman in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, a free state in the antebellum years.
King Pastoria is a fictional character mentioned in the Oz books by American author L. Frank Baum.
Patrick O'Collun (also known as Patrick Cullen or Patrick Collen) (died 1594) was an Irish soldier and fencing master who was executed at Tyburn in 1594 for treason, in that he had conspired to murder Queen Elizabeth I.
Patrick Segrave (died c.1610) was an Irish judge of the early seventeenth century who was removed from office for corruption.
Patrick Stanley Vaughan Heenan (29 July 1910 – 13 February 1942) was a captain in the British Indian Army who was convicted of treason, after spying for Japan during the Malayan campaign of World War II.
Paul Déroulède (2 September 1846 – 30 January 1914) was a French author and politician, one of the founders of the nationalist League of Patriots.
Paul de Man (December 6, 1919 – December 21, 1983), born Paul Adolph Michel Deman, was a Belgian-born literary critic and literary theorist.
Paul Ferdonnet (28 April 1901 – 4 August 1945), dubbed "the Stuttgart traitor" (le traître de Stuttgart) by the French press, was a French journalist.
Paul Adolf Franz Lejeune-Jung, (actually Lejeune genannt Jung, meaning called Jung) (16 March 1882 in Cologne – 8 September 1944 in Berlin, executed) was a German economist, politician, syndic in the pulp industry, and resistance fighter against Adolf Hitler's Third Reich.
Paul Richard LePage (born October 9, 1948) is an American businessman and politician who is the 74th and current Governor of Maine.
Paul Touvier (April 3, 1915 – July 17, 1996) was a French Nazi collaborator during World War II in Occupied France.
Paulus was the name of an imperial notary, or senior civil servant, who served under the Roman Emperor Constantius II in the middle of the 4th century.
Pavel Alexandrovich Alexandrov, Aleksandrov Pavel Alexandrovich (Павел Александрович Александров, 1866, Saint Petersburg - September 24, 1940, Moscow) was a distinguished lawyer and state official of the Russian Empire, councillor of state.
Pîhtokahanapiwiyin (c. 1842 – 4 July 1886), better known as chief Poundmaker, was a Plains Cree chief known as a peacemaker and defender of his people.
The Public Security Preservation Laws were a series of laws enacted during the Empire of Japan.
The Peasants' Revolt, also called Wat Tyler's Rebellion or the Great Rising, was a major uprising across large parts of England in 1381.
Count Peder Griffenfeld (before ennoblement Peder Schumacher) (24 August 1635 – 12 March 1699) was a Danish statesman and royal favourite.
Pedro Ernesto Baptista, or Pedro Ernesto as he would later be known, was a successful medical surgeon who became mayor of Rio de Janeiro in mid-1931.
The peerage is a legal system comprising both hereditary and lifetime titles in the United Kingdom (as elsewhere in Europe), composed of various noble ranks, and forming a constituent part of the British honours system.
Hard labor still was the most common form of punishment in China in the 1980s.
Penal transportation or transportation refers to the relocation of convicted criminals, or other persons regarded as undesirable, to a distant place, often a colony for a specified term; later, specifically established penal colonies became their destination.
Penelope Rich, Lady Rich, later styled Penelope Blount (née Devereux; January 1563 – 7 July 1607) was an English court office holder.
The Pentagon Papers, officially titled Report of the Office of the Secretary of Defense Vietnam Task Force, is a United States Department of Defense history of the United States' political and military involvement in Vietnam from 1945 to 1967.
The People's Alliance for Democracy (PAD) (พันธมิตรประชาชนเพื่อประชาธิปไตย, Phanthamit Prachachon Pheu Prachathipatai) also called the National Liberation Alliance - กลุ่มพันธมิตรกู้ชาติ, Klum Phanthamit Ku Chat, Thai Patriots Network or more commonly the Yellow Shirts - เสื้อเหลือง, Suea Lueang - is a Thai political movement and pressure group.
The People's Court (Volksgerichtshof) was a Sondergericht ("special court") of Nazi Germany, set up outside the operations of the constitutional frame of law.
The People's Mojahedin Organization of Iran or the Mojahedin-e Khalq (Sāzmān-e mojāhedin-e khalq-e irān, abbreviated MEK, PMOI or MKO), commonly known in Iran as Munafiqin ("hypocrites"), is an Iranian political–militant organization in exile that advocates the violent overthrow of the current government in Iran, while claiming itself as the replacing government in exile.
Per Asbjørn Pedersen Tjøstland (27 February 1918 in Fister, Rogaland - 14 December 2004 in Stavanger), né Per Asbjørn Pedersen, was a Norwegian Nazi activist and SS volunteer.
Percy Yutar (29 July 1911 – 13 July 2002) was South Africa's first Jewish attorney-general.
The persecution of Christians can be historically traced from the first century of the Christian era to the present day.
Peter Snow (executed at York, 15 June 1598) was an English Roman Catholic priest.
Sir Peter Tilliol, also called Peter de Tilliol (1299-1348) was a Cumberland landowner, politician and judge; he was High Sheriff of Cumberland, and served briefly as Lord Chief Justice of Ireland.
Peter Vowell (died 10 July 1654) was an English schoolteacher and a Royalist who was found guilty of high treason for his part in Gerard's conspiracy, a plot to assassinate Oliver Cromwell, and hanged.
Petru Groza (7 December 1884 – 7 January 1958) was a Romanian politician, best known as the Prime Minister of the first Communist Party-dominated government under Soviet occupation during the early stages of the Communist regime in Romania.
Petter Anker Stordalen (born 29 November 1962 in Porsgrunn, Norway) is a Norwegian investor, hotel "tycoon", property developer and a self-proclaimed environmentalist.
Phelim Reagh MacDavitt or Phelim Reagh MacDevitt (Irish: Feidhlimidh Riabhach Mac Dhaibheid, or Brindled Felim - probably a reference to a white streak or streaks in his hair) was a Gaelic Irish warrior and landowner notable for his participation in the Nine Years War and later in O'Doherty's Rebellion in 1608.
Phillip John Lamason DFC & Bar (15 September 1918 – 19 May 2012) was a pilot in the Royal New Zealand Air Force (RNZAF) during the Second World War, who rose to prominence as the senior officer in charge of 168 Allied airmen taken to Buchenwald concentration camp, Germany, in August 1944.
Philippe (or Philibert) François Rouxel, viscount de Blanchelande (21 February 1735 in Dijon – 15 April 1793 in guillotined in Paris) was a French general.
Philip Andrew Haigh (born 5 October 1964) is a British I.T. Professional, TV presenter and writer of non-fiction military history books, mostly on the subject of the Wars of the Roses, although in recent years he has taken to writing military fiction works based on characters and events from World War II.
Philip Bermingham (c.1420–1490) was an Irish judge who held the office of Lord Chief Justice of Ireland.
Saints Philip Evans and John Lloyd were Welsh Roman Catholic priests.
Philip Herbert, 4th Earl of Pembroke and 1st Earl of Montgomery, KG (10 October 1584 – 23 January 1650) was an English courtier, nobleman, and politician active during the reigns of James I and Charles I. Philip and his older brother William were the 'incomparable pair of brethren' to whom the First Folio of Shakespeare's collected works was dedicated in 1623.
Philip Yorke, 1st Earl of Hardwicke (1 December 16906 March 1764) was an English lawyer and politician who served as Lord Chancellor.
Philippa of Hainault (Middle French: Philippe de Hainaut; 24 June c.1310/15 – 15 August 1369) was Queen of England as the wife of King Edward III.
Henri Philippe Benoni Omer Joseph Pétain (24 April 1856 – 23 July 1951), generally known as Philippe Pétain or Marshal Pétain (Maréchal Pétain), was a French general officer who attained the position of Marshal of France at the end of World War I, during which he became known as The Lion of Verdun, and in World War II served as the Chief of State of Vichy France from 1940 to 1944.
Philippine Criminal Laws is the body of law and defining the penalties thereof in the Philippines.
Philippines and the Spratly Islands – this article discusses the policies, activities and history of the Republic of the Philippines in the Spratly Islands from the Philippine perspective.
Phillips v Eyre (1870) LR 6 QB 1 is a famous English decision on the conflict of laws in tort.
Phreaking is a slang term coined to describe the activity of a culture of people who study, experiment with, or explore telecommunication systems, such as equipment and systems connected to public telephone networks.
Picture is one of the first Dutch heavy metal bands.
The PIDE or International and State Defense Police (Polícia Internacional e de Defesa do Estado) was a Portuguese security agency that existed during the Estado Novo regime of António de Oliveira Salazar.
Piedad Esneda Córdoba Ruiz (born January 25, 1955) is a Colombian lawyer and politician who served as Senator of Colombia from 1994 to 2010.
Pierpont Edwards (April 8, 1750 – April 5, 1826) was a delegate to the American Continental Congress, and later a United States federal judge.
Pierre Jacques Étienne Cambronne, later Pierre, 1st Viscount Cambronne (26 December 1770 – 29 January 1842), was a General of the French Empire.
Pierre de Sales Laterrière (1743 or 1747 – 14 June 1815), was an adventurer who left France in 1766.
Abbé Pierre Antoine Simon Maillard (c. 1710 – 12 August 1762) was a French-born Roman Catholic priest.
Pierre Soulé (August 31, 1801March 26, 1870) was an Franco-American attorney, politician and diplomat during the mid-19th century.
The Pilgrimage of Grace was a popular uprising that began in Yorkshire in October 1536, before spreading to other parts of Northern England including Cumberland, Northumberland and north Lancashire, under the leadership of lawyer Robert Aske.
Piracy is an act of robbery or criminal violence by ship or boat-borne attackers upon another ship or a coastal area, typically with the goal of stealing cargo and other valuable items or properties.
Pirate utopias were defined by anarchist writer Peter Lamborn Wilson, who coined the term in his 1995 book Pirate Utopias: Moorish Corsairs & European Renegadoes as secret islands once used for supply purposes by pirates.
Pittura infamante (Italian for "defaming portrait"; plural pitture infamanti) is a genre of defamatory painting and relief, common in Renaissance Italy in city-states in the north and center of the Italian Peninsula during the Trecento, Quattrocento, and Cinquecento.
The Manifesto of the Polish Committee of National Liberation (PKWN) known as July or PKWN Manifesto (Manifest PKWN, Manifest lipcowy) was a political manifesto of the Polish Committee of National Liberation, a Soviet-backed administration, which operated in opposition to the London-based Polish government in exile.
The CIA leak grand jury investigation (related to the "CIA leak scandal", also known as the "Plame affair") was a federal inquiry "into the alleged unauthorized disclosure of a Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) employee's identity", a possible violation of criminal statutes, including the Intelligence Identities Protection Act of 1982, and Title 18, United States Code, Section 793.
Plymouth Colony (sometimes New Plymouth) was an English colonial venture in North America from 1620 to 1691.
Polina Semyonovna Zhemchuzhina (born Perl Semyonovna Karpovskaya; 27 February 1897 - 1 April 1970) was a Soviet politician and the wife of the Soviet foreign minister Vyacheslav Molotov.
The Armed Forces of the Republic of Poland (Polish:Siły Zbrojne Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej, abbreviated SZ RP; popularly called Wojsko Polskie in Poland, abbreviated WP—roughly, the "Polish Military") are the national armed forces of the Republic of Poland.
Political and military events in Scotland during the reign of David I are the events which took place in Scotland during David I of Scotland's reign as King of Scots, from 1124 to 1153.
The political career of John C. Breckinridge included service in the state government of Kentucky, the United States federal government, and the government of the Confederate States of America.
In criminology, a political crime or political offence is an offence involving overt acts or omissions (where there is a duty to act), which prejudice the interests of the state, its government, or the political system.
The exploration of politics in science fiction is arguably older than the identification of the genre.
A political offence exception (or exemption) is a provision which limits the obligation of a sovereign state under an extradition or mutual legal assistance treaty or statute.
A political prisoner is someone imprisoned because they have opposed or criticized the government responsible for their imprisonment.
The politics of Hong Kong takes place in a framework of a political system dominated by its quasi-constitutional document, the Hong Kong Basic Law, its own legislature, the Chief Executive as the head of government and of the Special Administrative Region and of a multi-party system.
The Politics of Shanghai is structured in a dual party-government system like all other governing institutions in the mainland of the People's Republic of China (PRC).
Until 22 May 2014 the politics of Thailand were conducted within the framework of a constitutional monarchy, whereby the prime minister is the head of government and a hereditary monarch is head of state.
Poljance (Пољанце)) is a village in Kosovo. The village is exclusively inhabited by ethnic Albanians; in the 1991 census, it had 2827 inhabitants.
Popillii Laenates was the name of a plebeian noble family in ancient Rome, notorious for cruelty and arrogance in the 2nd century BC.
The Popish Plot was a fictitious conspiracy concocted by Titus Oates that between 1678 and 1681 gripped the Kingdoms of England and Scotland in anti-Catholic hysteria.
Upon the start of World War II in 1939, the Portuguese Government announced, on 1 September, that the 600-year-old Anglo-Portuguese Alliance remained intact, but that since the British did not seek Portuguese assistance, Portugal was free to remain neutral in the war and would do so.
The Prague Offensive (Пражская стратегическая наступательная операция Prague Strategic Offensive) was the last major Soviet operation of World War II in Europe.
"Praise to the Man" (originally titled "Joseph Smith") is a poem written as a tribute to Joseph Smith by Latter Day Saint leader and hymn writer William W. Phelps.
Colonel Prem Kumar Sahgal (25 March 1917 – 17 October 1992) was an officer of the British Indian Army.
The presidency of John Adams, began on March 4, 1797, when John Adams was inaugurated as the second President of the United States, and ended on March 4, 1801.
The President of the Republic of Belarus (Прэзідэнт Рэспублікі Беларусь, Президент Республики Беларусь) is the head of state of Belarus.
The President of Kyrgyzstan is the head of state and the highest official of the Kyrgyz Republic.
The President of the United States (POTUS) is the head of state and head of government of the United States of America.
The President of Ukraine (Президент України, Prezydent Ukrayiny) is the Ukrainian head of state.
The doctrine of priest–penitent privilege does not apply in England.
The Principality of Sealand, commonly known as Sealand, is a micronation that claims Roughs Tower, an offshore platform in the North Sea approximately off the coast of Suffolk, England, as its territory.
A prisoner of war (POW) is a person, whether combatant or non-combatant, who is held in custody by a belligerent power during or immediately after an armed conflict.
"Prisoner X2" (in Hebrew: "האסיר איקס 2" or "X2 האסיר") is a placeholder name of a Mossad agent (described as an "important operative") who, as of 2014, reportedly has been secretly imprisoned in Israel for about a decade, after he was convicted of treason (spying for a foreign power).
Her Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council, usually known simply as the Privy Council, is a formal body of advisers to the Sovereign of the United Kingdom.
The pro-democracy camp or pan-democracy camp (Chinese: 民主派 or 泛民主派) refers to a political alignment that supports increased democracy, namely the universal suffrage of the Chief Executive and the Legislative Council as given by the Basic Law under the "One Country, Two Systems" framework.
Pro-democracy camp or pan-democracy camp (Chinese: 民主派, 泛民主派) refer to the politicians and social activists in Macau who support increased democracy and may work together in areas of common interest or by not fielding candidates against one another in elections.
The Proclamation of Dungannon was a document produced by Sir Phelim O'Neill on 24 October 1641 in the Irish town of Dungannon.
The Proclamation of the Republic (Forógra na Poblachta), also known as the 1916 Proclamation or the Easter Proclamation, was a document issued by the Irish Volunteers and the Irish Citizen Army during the Easter Rising in Ireland, which began on 24 April 1916.
Project Ragna Rok is a fictional plan from Mike Mignola's Hellboy comics.
The propaganda used by the German Nazi Party in the years leading up to and during Adolf Hitler's leadership of Germany (1933–1945) was a crucial instrument for acquiring and maintaining power, and for the implementation of Nazi policies.
Proscription (proscriptio) is, in current usage, a "decree of condemnation to death or banishment" (OED) and can be used in a political context to refer to state-approved murder or banishment.
The Provisional Government of the French Republic (gouvernement provisoire de la République française or GPRF) was an interim government of Free France between 1944 and 1946 following the liberation of continental France after Operations ''Overlord'' and ''Dragoon'', and lasted until the establishment of the French Fourth Republic.
Ptolemy Keraunos (Πτολεμαῖος Κεραυνός, after 321 BC – 279 BC) was the King of Macedon from 281 BC to 279 BC.
The Public Prosecutor General of the Federal Court of Justice (Generalbundesanwalt or Generalbundesanwältin) is the federal prosecutor of Germany, representing the federal government at the Bundesgerichtshof, the federal court of justice.
Publius Cornelius Scipio (b. 48 BC) was a Roman senator active during the Principate.
Puppet Master is an American horror film franchise which focuses on a group of anthropomorphic puppets animated by an Egyptian spell, each equipped with its own unique and dangerous device (although not in all installments of the series are the puppets portrayed as threatening) and are represented as heroes, antiheroes and antagonists.
Puppet Master III: Toulon's Revenge is a 1991 direct-to-video horror film written by Charles Band, C. Courtney Joyner and David Schmoeller, and directed by David DeCoteau.
The pursuit of Nazi collaborators refers to the post-World War II pursuit and apprehension of individuals who were not citizens of the Third Reich at the outbreak of World War II and collaborated with the Nazi regime during the war.
Qin (Old Chinese: *) was an ancient Chinese state during the Zhou dynasty.
Qin Hui or Qin Kuai (January 17, 1090 – November 18, 1155) was a Chancellor of the Song dynasty in Chinese history.
"Qpid" is the 94th episode of the syndicated American science fiction television series Star Trek: The Next Generation, the 20th episode of the fourth season.
The first season of the American drama thriller series Quantico premiered in the United States on the American Broadcasting Company (ABC) on September 27, 2015, and concluded on May 15, 2016.
The Quantock Hills is a range of hills west of Bridgwater in Somerset, England.
The courts of quarter sessions or quarter sessions were local courts traditionally held at four set times each year in the Kingdom of England (including Wales) from 1388 until 1707, then in 18th-century Great Britain, in the later United Kingdom, and in other dominions of the British Empire.
Queen Victoria Street is a pedestrianised thoroughfare in the English town of Reading, Berkshire.
The Queen's Regulations and Orders for the Canadian Forces (QR&O) are regulations having the force of law for the governance of the Canadian Forces.
The queue or cue is a Qing dynasty hairstyle most often worn by Chinese men.
Quintus Ligarius (1st century BC) was a Roman soldier who was one of the members of the conspiracy to assassinate Julius Caesar.
Quintus Valerius Soranus (b. circa 140–130 BC, d. 82 BC) was a Latin poet, grammarian, and tribune of the people in the Late Roman Republic.
Quisling is a term originating in Norway, which is used in Scandinavian languages and in English for a person who collaborates with an enemy occupying force – or more generally as a synonym for traitor.
The Quisling regime or Quisling government are common names used to refer to the fascist collaborationist government led by Vidkun Quisling in German-occupied Norway during the Second World War.
Robert James "Jim" Woolsey Jr. (born September 21, 1941) is an American lawyer and diplomat who headed the Central Intelligence Agency from February 5, 1993, until January 10, 1995.
Rachel Chiesley, usually known as Lady Grange (1679–1745), was the wife of Lord Grange, a Scottish lawyer with Jacobite sympathies.
Racism is the belief in the superiority of one race over another, which often results in discrimination and prejudice towards people based on their race or ethnicity.
Radio propaganda is propaganda aimed at influencing attitudes towards a certain cause or position, delivered through radio broadcast.
Professor Radoje Knežević (Радоје Кнежевић; 20 August 1901 – 22 June 1983) was a key member of the group that organised the Yugoslav coup d'état of 27 March 1941 that deposed the regency of Prince Paul, Dr.
Radu D. Lecca (February 15, 1890–1980) was a Romanian spy, journalist, civil servant and convicted war criminal.
Rain is a fictional character in the Mortal Kombat fighting game franchise by Midway Games.
Ralph Rokeby (c.1527–1596) was an English barrister and judge who held high office in Ireland.
Ramón Rodríguez Chacín (born November 9, 1951) is a Venezuelan politician.
Randal MacDonnell, 1st Marquess of Antrim (16093 February 1683) was a Roman Catholic landed magnate in Scotland and Ireland, son of the 1st Earl of Antrim.
Randall and Hopkirk (Deceased) is a British private detective television series, starring Mike Pratt and Kenneth Cope respectively as the private detectives Jeffrey Randall and Martin Hopkirk.
Ranulf II (also known as Ranulf de Gernon) (1099–1153) was an Anglo-Norman potentate who inherited the honour of the palatine county of Chester upon the death of his father Ranulf le Meschin, 3rd Earl of Chester.
Ranulph Brito or Le Breton (d. 1246) was a canon of St. Paul's Cathedral, London.
Rape is a type of sexual assault usually involving sexual intercourse or other forms of sexual penetration carried out against a person without that person's consent.
Raphael Semmes (September 27, 1809 – August 30, 1877) was an officer in the Confederate navy during the American Civil War.
Albert Raymond Blackburn (11 March 1915 – 3 November 1991) was a British Labour Party politician who served as Member of Parliament for the Birmingham King's Norton and Birmingham Northfield constituencies.
The Readeption was the restoration of Henry VI of England to the throne of England in 1470.
The Rebellions of 1837–1838 (Les rébellions de 1837) were two armed uprisings that took place in Lower and Upper Canada in 1837 and 1838.
The Reconquista (Spanish and Portuguese for the "reconquest") is a name used to describe the period in the history of the Iberian Peninsula of about 780 years between the Umayyad conquest of Hispania in 711 and the fall of the Nasrid kingdom of Granada to the expanding Christian kingdoms in 1492.
The Recorder of Cork was a judicial office holder in pre-Independence Ireland.
This article about records of members of parliament of the United Kingdom and of England includes a variety of lists of MPs by age, period and other circumstances of service, familiar sets, ethnic or religious minorities, physical attributes, and circumstances of their deaths.
Redacted is a 2007 American war film written and directed by Brian De Palma.
Reeducation camp (trại học tập cải tạo) is the official title given to the prison camps operated by the Communist government of Vietnam following the end of the Vietnam War.
Refusal to serve in the IDF is when citizens of Israel refuse to serve in the Israel Defense Forces or disobey orders on the grounds of pacifism, antimilitarism, religious philosophy or political disagreement with Israeli policy such as the occupation of the Palestinian territories.
A regality was a territorial jurisdiction in old Scots law which might be created by the King only, by granting lands to a subject in liberam regalitatem, and the tract of land over which such a right extended.
Reginald Pole (12 March 1500 – 17 November 1558) was an English cardinal of the Catholic Church and the last Catholic Archbishop of Canterbury, holding the office from 1556 to 1558, during the Counter Reformation.
The Reichskriegsgericht (RKG; Reich Court-Martial) was the highest military court in Nazi Germany.
Reinhold Frank (23 July 1896 – 23 January 1945) was a German lawyer.
Religious offense means any action which offends religious sensibilities and arouses serious negative emotions in people with strong belief and which is usually associated with an orthodox response to, or correction of, sin.