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A Beach Full of Shells is the fifteenth studio album by Al Stewart, released in 2005.
A Fable is a 1954 novel written by the American author William Faulkner.
A Very Long Engagement (Un long dimanche de fiançailles) is a 2004 French romantic war film, co-written and directed by Jean-Pierre Jeunet and starring Audrey Tautou.
A20 was a British tank design by Harland and Wolff to meet an Army requirement for an infantry tank that could replace the Matilda II and Valentine tank.
Achtung – Panzer! (English: "Attention, Tank!" or, more idiomatically, "Beware the Tank!") by Heinz Guderian is a book on the application of motorized warfare.
Ada Ciganlija (Ада Циганлија), colloquially shortened to Ada, is a river island that has artificially been turned into a peninsula, located in the Sava River's course through central Belgrade, the capital of Serbia.
Adam Hudson Black (18 February 1898 – 1981) was a Scottish-born footballer who played for Leicester City in the Football League in the 1920s and 1930s.
The M15 Adrian helmet (Casque Adrian) was a combat helmet issued to the French Army during World War I. It was the first standard helmet of the French Army and was designed when millions of French troops were engaged in trench warfare, and head wounds from the falling shrapnel generated by the new technique of indirect fire became a frequent cause of battlefield casualties.
An air burst is the detonation of an explosive device such as an anti-personnel artillery shell or a nuclear weapon in the air instead of on contact with the ground or target or a delayed armor-piercing explosion.
Air force infantry and special forces are infantry and special forces units that are part of a nation's air force.
John Alan Burns, 4th Baron Inverclyde, KStJ (12 December 1897 – 17 June 1957) was a Scottish nobleman, the son of James, 3rd Lord Inverclyde and Charlotte Mary Emily née Nugent-Dunbar.
Second Lieutenant Alexander Buller Turner VC (22 May 1893 – 1 October 1915) was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross (VC) during the First World War, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.
Alexander Heinrich Rudolph von Kluck (20 May 1846 – 19 October 1934) was a German general during World War I.
Alexandru Averescu (3 April 1859 – 2 October 1938) was a Romanian marshal and populist politician.
Alfred Brendel KBE (born 5 January 1931) is an Austrian pianist, poet and author, known particularly for his performances of Mozart, Schubert, Schoenberg, and especially Beethoven.
General Sir (Alfred) Dudley Ward, (27 January 1905 – 28 December 1991) was a senior British Army officer who saw distinguished active service during the Second World War and later became Governor of Gibraltar.
Alfred Herbert Richardson (1874–1951) was an English policeman.
Major General Sir Allan Henry Shafto Adair, 6th Baronet, (3 November 1897 – 4 August 1988) was a senior officer of the British Army who served in both World wars; as a company commander in the Grenadier Guards in the First World War, and as General Officer Commanding (GOC) of the Guards Armoured Division in the Second World War.
Allen Foster (c. 1887 – 8 August 1916) was an English professional football inside left, who made over 140 appearances in the Southern League for Reading.
Allen Goodrich Shenstone, (July 27, 1893 – February 16, 1980) was a Canadian physicist.
Ambrose Everett Burnside (May 23, 1824 – September 13, 1881) was an American soldier, railroad executive, inventor, industrialist, and politician from Rhode Island, serving as governor and a United States Senator.
The American Civil War (also known by other names) was a war fought in the United States from 1861 to 1865.
American Civil War alternate histories are alternate history fiction that focuses on the Civil War (or a lack thereof) ending differently.
The American entry into World War I came in April 1917, after more than two and a half years of efforts by President Woodrow Wilson to keep the United States out of the war.
Henri André Chapais, known as André Deed (22 February 1879 – 4 October 1940), was a French actor and director, best known for his Foolshead comedies, produced in the 1900s and 1910s.
André Kertész (2 July 1894 – 28 September 1985), born Kertész Andor, was a Hungarian-born photographer known for his groundbreaking contributions to photographic composition and the photo essay.
Andrés Bonifacio (November 30, 1863 – May 10, 1897) was a Filipino revolutionary leader and the president of the Tagalog Republic.
Lieutenant General Andrew Davis Bruce (September 14, 1894 – July 28, 1969) was an American academic and soldier who served as the third president of the University of Houston.
Andrew Marr's The Making of Modern Britain is a 2009 BBC documentary television series presented by Andrew Marr that covers the period of British history from the death of Queen Victoria to the end of the Second World War.
Anti-tank warfare arose as a result of the need to develop technology and tactics to destroy tanks during World War I. Since the first tanks were developed by the Triple Entente in 1916 but not operated in battle until 1917, the first anti-tank weapons were developed by the German Empire.
Armour (British English or Canadian English) or armor (American English; see spelling differences) is a protective covering that is used to prevent damage from being inflicted to an object, individual or vehicle by direct contact weapons or projectiles, usually during combat, or from damage caused by a potentially dangerous environment or activity (e.g., cycling, construction sites, etc.). Personal armour is used to protect soldiers and war animals.
An armoured personnel carrier (APC) is a type of armoured fighting vehicle (AFV) designed to transport infantry to the battlefield.
Armoured warfare, mechanised warfare or tank warfare is the use of armoured fighting vehicles in modern warfare.
General Sir Arthur William Currie, (5 December 1875 – 30 November 1933) was a senior officer of the Canadian Army who fought during World War I. He had the unique distinction of starting his military career on the very bottom rung as a pre-war militia gunner before rising through the ranks to become the first Canadian commander of the Canadian Corps.
The artillery of World War I was used primarily to counter the trench warfare that set in shortly after the conflict commenced, and was an important factor in the war, influencing its tactics, and operations, and being incorporated into strategies that were used by the belligerents to break the stalemate at the front.
The Attack at Fromelles (Battle of Fromelles, Battle of Fleurbaix or Schlacht von Fromelles) 19–20 July 1916, was a British military operation on the Western Front during the First World War, subsidiary to the Battle of the Somme.
Attaque à outrance (Attack to excess) was the expression of a military philosophy common to many armies in the period before and during the earlier parts of World War I. This philosophy was a response to the increasing weight of defensive firepower that accrued to armies in the nineteenth century, as a result of several technological innovations, notably breech-loading rifled guns, machine guns, and light field artillery firing high-explosive shells.
Attrition warfare is a military strategy consisting of belligerent attempts to win a war by wearing down the enemy to the point of collapse through continuous losses in personnel and materiel.
The Auckland Mounted Rifles Regiment was a mounted infantry regiment from New Zealand raised, in August 1914, for service during the First World War.
Lieutenant General Auguste Tilkens (1869–1949) was a Belgian career soldier and colonial civil servant who served as Governor-General of the Belgian Congo from 1927 until 1934.
Aunus Radio was a Finnish radio station operating in an area held by Finland in East Karelia during the continuation war.
The Australian Army Catering Corps (AACC) is the corps within the Australian Army that is responsible for preparing and serving of meals.
The Australian Army was the largest service in the Australian military during World War I. The First Australian Imperial Force (AIF) was the Army's main expeditionary force and was formed from 15 August 1914 with an initial strength of 20,000 men, following Britain's declaration of war on Germany.
The Australian Army Memorial on Anzac Parade commemorates the service of Australian soldiers.
Austria-Hungary, often referred to as the Austro-Hungarian Empire or the Dual Monarchy in English-language sources, was a constitutional union of the Austrian Empire (the Kingdoms and Lands Represented in the Imperial Council, or Cisleithania) and the Kingdom of Hungary (Lands of the Crown of Saint Stephen or Transleithania) that existed from 1867 to 1918, when it collapsed as a result of defeat in World War I. The union was a result of the Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867 and came into existence on 30 March 1867.
Axis & Allies: World War I 1914 is a 2013 war and strategy board game created by Larry Harris and published by Avalon Hill.
The Árpád Line was a line of fortifications built in 1941-44 in the north-eastern and eastern Carpathian Mountains along the border of Kingdom of Hungary.
Baldrick is the name of several fictional characters featured in the long-running BBC historic comedy television series Blackadder.
A Bangalore torpedo is an explosive charge placed within one or several connected tubes.
Barbed wire, also known as barb wire, less often as bob wire or, in the southeastern United States, bobbed wire, is a type of steel fencing wire constructed with sharp edges or points arranged at intervals along the strand(s).
A barrage is massed artillery fire aimed at points, typically apart, along one or more lines that can be from a few hundred to several thousand yards long.
A battle is a combat in warfare between two or more armed forces, or combatants.
The Battle for No.3 Post (28–30 May 1915) was fought during the Gallipoli Campaign in the First World War, between the forces of the New Zealand Mounted Rifles Brigade and the Turkish 19th Division.
The Battle of Abu-Ageila was a military confrontation between the Israeli and Egyptian militaries in the June 1967 Six-Day War.
The Battle of Al Hudaydah (معركة الحديدة, translit. Ma‘rakat al-Hudaydah), codenamed as Operation Golden Victory, is a major Saudi-led coalition assault on the port city of Al Hudaydah in Yemen.
The Battle of Amiens, also known as the Third Battle of Picardy (3ème Bataille de Picardie), was the opening phase of the Allied offensive which began on 8 August 1918, later known as the Hundred Days Offensive, that ultimately led to the end of the First World War.
The Battle of Andoain (Basque: Andoaingo Gudua) was a battle fought on 14 September 1837, during the First Carlist War in northern Spain.
Battle of Antrea was a Finnish Civil War battle, fought in Antrea (now Kamennogorsk, Russia) and Jääski (now Lesogorsky, Russia), Finland in 11 February – 25 April 1918 between the Finnish Whites against the Finnish Reds.
The Battle of Arras (also known as the Second Battle of Arras) was a British offensive on the Western Front during World War I. From 9 April to 16 May 1917, British troops attacked German defences near the French city of Arras on the Western Front.
The Battle of Beersheba (Birüssebi Muharebesi, Schlacht von Birüssebi)The several battles fought for the Gaza to Beersheba line between 31 October and 7 November were all assigned the title Third Battle of Gaza, although they took place many miles apart, and were fought by different corps.
The Battle of Berlin, designated the Berlin Strategic Offensive Operation by the Soviet Union, and also known as the Fall of Berlin, was the final major offensive of the European theatre of World War II.
The Battle of Białołęka was fought from February 24 to February 25, 1831, in the village of Białołęka, Poland, during the November Uprising.
The Battle of Bir el Abd or the Abd well (9 August 1916) was fought between the forces of the British Empire and the Ottoman Turkish Empire, during the Sinai and Palestine Campaign of the First World War.
The Battle of Britain (Luftschlacht um England, literally "The Air Battle for England") was a military campaign of the Second World War, in which the Royal Air Force (RAF) defended the United Kingdom (UK) against large-scale attacks by Nazi Germany's air force, the Luftwaffe.
The Battle of Celaya, 6–15 April 1915, was part of a series of military engagements in the Bajío during the Mexican Revolution between the winners, who had allied against the regime of Gen.
The Battle of Chaffin's Farm and New Market Heights, also known as Laurel Hill and combats at Forts Harrison, Johnson, and Gilmer, was fought in Virginia on September 29–30, 1864, as part of the Siege of Petersburg in the American Civil War.
The Battle of Cold Harbor was fought during the American Civil War near Mechanicsville, Virginia, from May 31 to June 12, 1864, with the most significant fighting occurring on June 3.
The Battle of Dien Bien Phu (Bataille de Diên Biên Phu; Chiến dịch Điện Biên Phủ) was the climactic confrontation of the First Indochina War between the French Union's French Far East Expeditionary Corps and Viet Minh communist-nationalist revolutionaries.
The Battle of Drina (Битка на Дрини, Bitka na Drini) was fought between the Serbian and Austro-Hungarian armies in September 1914, during World War I. The Austro-Hungarians engaged in a significant offensive over the Drina river at the western Serbian border, resulting in numerous skirmishes (the Battle of Mačkov Kamen and the Battle of Gučevo being the heaviest ones).
The Battle of Guandu was fought between the warlords Cao Cao and Yuan Shao in 200 AD in the late Eastern Han dynasty.
The Battle of Gully Ravine (Zığındere) was a World War I battle fought at Cape Helles on the Gallipoli peninsula.
The Battle of Hamel (4 July 1918) was a successful attack by Australian Army and US Army infantry, supported by British tanks, against German positions in and around the town of Le Hamel, in northern France, during World War I. The attack was planned and commanded by Lieutenant General John Monash, commander of the Australian Corps and Australian Imperial Force.
The Battle of Hegra Fortress was a 25-day engagement in the 1940 Norwegian Campaign which saw a small force of Norwegian volunteers fighting numerically superior German forces from a fortified position.
Battle of Jalula was fought between Sassanid Empire and Rashidun Caliphate soon after conquest of Ctesiphon.
The Battle of Jarama (February 6–27, 1937) was an attempt by General Francisco Franco's Nationalists to dislodge the Republican lines along the river Jarama, just east of Madrid, during the Spanish Civil War.
The Battle of Kraśnik started on August 23, 1914 in the province of Galicia and the adjacent areas across the border in the Russian Empire, in northern Austria (in present-day Poland), and ended two days later.
The Battle of Krasny Bor was part of the Soviet offensive Operation Polyarnaya Zvezda.
The Battle of Lenino was a tactical World War II engagement that took place between October 12 and October 13, 1943, north of the village of Lenino in the Mogilev region of Byelorussia.
The Battle of Mirăslău or Battle of Miriszló took place on September 18, 1600 near Miriszló (Mirăslău), Transylvania, between the Wallachian troops led by Michael the Brave supported by ethnic Hungarian Szeklers and the troops of Austrian general Giorgio Basta supported by the Hungarian nobility of Transylvania.
The Battle of Mobile was a British attempt to recapture the town of Mobile, in the British province of West Florida, from the Spanish during the Anglo-Spanish War.
The Battle of Modder River (known in Afrikaans as Slag van die Twee Riviere, which translates as "Battle of the two rivers") was an engagement in the Boer War, fought at Muddy River, on 28 November 1899.
The Battle of Mosul (2016–2017) (معركة الموصل, Ma‘rakat al-Mawṣil; شەڕی مووسڵ, Şeriy Mûsil) was a major military campaign launched by the Iraqi Government forces with allied militias, the Kurdistan Regional Government, and international forces to retake the city of Mosul from the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), which had seized the city in June 2014.
The was one of many vicious land battles of the Russo-Japanese War.
The Battle of Neuve Chapelle (10–13 March 1915) took place in the First World War.
The Battle of Ngomano or Negomano was fought between the German Empire and Portugal during the East African Campaign of World War I. A force of Germans and Askaris under Paul Emil von Lettow-Vorbeck had just won a costly victory against the British at the Battle of Mahiwa, in present-day Tanzania and ran very short of food and other supplies.
The Battle of Rijmenam was a battle fought in the early stages of the Eighty Years' War between the forces of the States-General of the Netherlands and those of the Spanish Governor-General of the Habsburg Netherlands, Don Juan de Austria, on 31 July 1578, near Rijmenam in present-day Belgium.
The Battle of Rzhev in the Summer of 1942 was part of a series of battles that lasted 15 months in the center of the Eastern Front.
The Battle of Sharon fought between 19 and 25 September 1918, began the set piece Battle of Megiddo half a day before the Battle of Nablus, in which large formations engaged and responded to movements by the opposition, according to pre-existing plans, in the last months of the Sinai and Palestine Campaign of World War I. The fighting took place over a wide area from the Mediterranean Sea east to the Rafat salient in the Judean Hills.
The second Battle of Smolensk (7 August–2 October 1943) was a Soviet strategic offensive operation conducted by the Red Army as part of the Summer-Autumn Campaign of 1943.
The Battle of Tali-Ihantala (June 25 to July 9, 1944) was part of the Finnish-Soviet Continuation War (1941–1944), which occurred during World War II.
The Battle of Tel el Khuweilfe, part of the Southern Palestine Offensive, began on 1 November 1917, the day after the Egyptian Expeditionary Force (EEF) victory at the Battle of Beersheba during the Sinai and Palestine Campaign of World War I. After the Stalemate in Southern Palestine a series of coordinated attacks were launched by British Empire units on the Ottoman Empire's German commanded Yildirim Army Group's front line, which stretched from Gaza inland to Beersheba.
The Battle of the Aguadores was a sharp skirmish on the banks of the Aguadores River near Santiago de Cuba, on 1 July 1898, at the height of the Spanish–American War.
The Battle of the Kerch Peninsula, which commenced with the Soviet Kerch-Feodosia landing operation (Керченско-Феодосийская десантная операция, Kerchensko-Feodosiyskaya desantnaya operatsiya) and ended with the German Operation Bustard Hunt (Unternehmen Trappenjagd), was a World War II battle between Erich von Manstein's German and Romanian 11th Army and Soviet Crimean Front forces in the Kerch Peninsula, in the eastern part of the Crimea.
The Battle of the Marshes (معركة الأهوار, نبرد نیزارها) was a part of the Iran–Iraq War.
The Battle of the Sierra Guadalupe (Guadalupe Mountains), also known as the Tagus Campaign, was a continuation of the Nationalist Army's race north toward Madrid in the early stages of the Spanish Civil War.
The Battle of Verdun (Bataille de Verdun,, Schlacht um Verdun), fought from 21 February to 18 December 1916, was the largest and longest battle of the First World War on the Western Front between the German and French armies.
The Battle of White Plains was a battle in the New York and New Jersey campaign of the American Revolutionary War fought on October 28, 1776, near White Plains, New York.
The Battle of Zapote River (Labanan sa Ilog ng Zapote, Batalla de Rio de Zapote), also known as the Battle of Zapote Bridge, was fought on June 13, 1899 between 1,200 Americans and between 4,000~5,000 Filipinos.
A battlefield, battleground, or field of battle is the location of a present or historic battle involving ground warfare.
Bayat Castle (Bayat qalası) is in Kebirli village of Tartar Rayon of the Republic of Azerbaijan.
A berm is a level space, shelf, or raised barrier (usually made of compacted soil) separating two areas.
William Avery Bishop, (8 February 1894 – 11 September 1956) was a Canadian flying ace of the First World War, Victoria Cross recipient, and Air Marshal.
William Luke MM (17 December 1890 – January 1992) was an English professional football outside right who played in the Football League for Preston North End.
Bismarck Henning High School or BHHS is a high school located in Bismarck, Illinois, and is currently hosting students from Rossville, Alvin, Bismark, Henning, and parts of Danville.
The Ordnance BL 5-inch howitzer was initially introduced to provide the Royal Field Artillery with continuing explosive shell capability following the decision to concentrate on shrapnel for field guns in the 1890s.
Blackadder is a series of four BBC1 pseudohistorical British sitcoms, plus several one-off instalments, which originally aired in the 1980s.
Blackadder Goes Forth is the fourth and final series of the BBC sitcom Blackadder, written by Richard Curtis and Ben Elton, which aired from 28 September to 2 November 1989 on BBC One.
"Blighty" is a British English slang term for Britain or often specifically England.
Blitzkrieg (German, "lightning war") is a method of warfare whereby an attacking force, spearheaded by a dense concentration of armoured and motorised or mechanised infantry formations with close air support, breaks through the opponent's line of defence by short, fast, powerful attacks and then dislocates the defenders, using speed and surprise to encircle them with the help of air superiority.
Blue Springs Encampments and Fortifications is the site of a Civil War military encampment in Bradley County, Tennessee.
Bodelwyddan Castle, close to the village of Bodelwyddan, near Rhyl, Denbighshire in Wales, was built around 1460 by the Humphreys family of Anglesey as a manor house.
Bodružal (spelled Bodružaľ; 1927–1973, Rózsadomb, Бодруджал) is a municipality (village) in Slovakia in the Svidník District in Prešov Region, within the Laborec Highlands.
The Boirault machine (French: Appareil Boirault), was an early French experimental landship, designed in 1914 and built in early 1915.
The Bomber Mafia were a close-knit group of American military men who believed that long-range heavy bomber aircraft in large numbers were able to win a war.
Bourne Woods are situated near Bourne, Lincolnshire, England, and includes Bourne Wood and Fox Wood.
Bramah Joseph Diplock (27 April 1857 – 9 August 1918) was an English inventor who invented the pedrail wheel in 1903 and the pedrail chaintrack, a type of caterpillar track, in 1910.
A breakthrough occurs when an offensive force has broken an opponent's defensive line, and rapidly exploits the gap.
The Breton-Prétot machine was an experimental wire-cutting device developed in France from November 1914.
Bright Ernest Williams (27 February 1897 – 13 February 2003) was, at the time of his death, the last New Zealand veteran of the First World War, out of the 100,444 New Zealanders to fight in that war.
The British Army is the principal land warfare force of the United Kingdom, a part of British Armed Forces.
The British Army during World War I fought the largest and most costly war in its long history.
The British cavalry were the first British Army units to see action during the First World War.
The British Empire has often been portrayed in fiction.
The British Expeditionary Force (BEF) was the British Army sent to the Western Front during the First World War.
British heavy tanks were a series of related armoured fighting vehicles developed by the UK during the First World War.
During the First World War, 259 infantry brigades were raised by the British Army, two by the Royal Navy, and one from the Royal Marines.
Captain (Charles) Bruce Bairnsfather (9 July 188729 September 1959) was a prominent British humorist and cartoonist.
The Kingdom of Bulgaria participated in World War I on the side of the Central Powers from 14 October 1915, when the country declared war on Serbia, until 30 September 1918, when the Armistice of Thessalonica came into effect.
Bull Island (Irish: Oileán an Tairbh) or more properly North Bull Island (Irish: Oileán an Tairbh Thuaidh) is an island located in Dublin Bay in Ireland, about 5 km long and 800 m wide, lying roughly parallel to the shore off Clontarf (including Dollymount), Raheny, Kilbarrack, and facing Sutton.
Clive Staples Lewis (29 November 1898 – 22 November 1963) was a British novelist, poet, academic, medievalist, literary critic, essayist, lay theologian, broadcaster, lecturer, and Christian apologist.
Call of Duty 2 is a first-person shooter video game developed by Infinity Ward and published by Konami in Japan and Activision in the rest of the world.
Camp Bullis Military Training Reservation is a U.S. Army training camp comprising in Bexar County, Texas, USA, just northwest of San Antonio.
The Canadian National Vimy Memorial is a war memorial site in France dedicated to the memory of Canadian Expeditionary Force members killed during the First World War.
Canning is a method of preserving food in which the food contents are processed and sealed in an airtight container.
A cannon (plural: cannon or cannons) is a type of gun classified as artillery that launches a projectile using propellant.
Cannon fodder is an informal, derogatory term for combatants who are regarded or treated by government or military command as expendable in the face of enemy fire.
The Canon de 105 mle 1913 Schneider was a French artillery piece used in World War I and World War II by many European countries.
The Canon de 120 mm L modèle 1878 - was a French piece of siege and field artillery which was widely used during the First World War and despite its obsolescence, it was still in use by some nations during the Second World War.
The Canon de 155 L modèle 1877/14 Schneider was a French heavy artillery piece designed before and produced during the First World War.
The Canon de 155 L modèle 1918 Schneider was a French heavy artillery piece designed and produced during the First World War.
Canon de 155 L modele 1916 Saint-Chamond was a French heavy artillery piece designed and produced during the First World War.
The Canon de 155 L Modele 1917 Schneider was a French heavy artillery piece designed and produced during the First World War.
The Canon de 240 mm L modèle 1884 was a heavy artillery piece originally employed as coastal artillery and later converted to siege artillery and railway artillery roles.
The Canterbury Mounted Rifles Regiment was a mounted infantry regiment from New Zealand, raised for service during the First World War.
The Capture of Belle Île was a British amphibious expedition to capture the French island of Belle Île off the Brittany coast in 1761, during the Seven Years' War.
Carlo Orelli (23 December 1894 – 22 January 2005) was, at age 110, the last surviving Italian World War I veteran who joined the army at the onset of the war.
Carry On, Sergeant! is a 1928 Canadian World War I drama, and is considered to be one of the earliest Canadian feature-length motion pictures.
A catapult is a ballistic device used to launch a projectile a great distance without the aid of explosive devices—particularly various types of ancient and medieval siege engines.
Cecil Vandepeer Clarke (1897–1961) was an engineer, inventor and soldier who served in both the First and Second World Wars.
Celje is the third-largest town in Slovenia.
Over 50 contracted and former Celtic F.C. players fought in World War I, seven of whom died.
Celtic Park is a football stadium in the Parkhead area of Glasgow, and is the home ground of Celtic Football Club.
Charles Edmund Carrington, MC (21 April 1897 — 21 June 1990) was a scholar, Professor of History at Cambridge University, Educational Secretary to Cambridge University Press and a historian specialising in the British Empire and Commonwealth, a Professor of Commonwealth Relations at the Royal Institute of International Affairs and the author of a number of books academic, learned and biographical.
Charles Eaton, OBE, AFC (21 December 1895 – 12 November 1979) was a senior officer and aviator in the Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF), who later served as a diplomat.
Charles Maxwell Clement (October 28, 1855 – September 9, 1934) was a Pennsylvania attorney and Army National Guard officer who attained the rank of Major General as commander of the 28th Infantry Division.
Major General Charles Wolcott Ryder CB (January 16, 1892 – August 17, 1960) was a senior United States Army officer who served with distinction in both World War I and World War II.
Charlie Wilcox is a children's novel by Sharon E. McKay about a boy from Newfoundland in World War I. First published in 2000, the novel won the Geoffrey Bilson Award and the Violet Downey Award.
Chemical warfare (CW) involves using the toxic properties of chemical substances as weapons.
The use of toxic chemicals as weapons dates back thousands of years, but the first large scale use of chemical weapons was during World War I. They were primarily used to demoralize, injure, and kill entrenched defenders, against whom the indiscriminate and generally very slow-moving or static nature of gas clouds would be most effective.
The Cheshire Yeomanry was a yeomanry regiment that can trace its history back to 1797 when Sir John Leicester of Tabley raised a county regiment of light cavalry in response to the growing fears of invasion from Napoleonic France.
Christmas Eve is the evening or entire day before Christmas Day, the festival commemorating the birth of Jesus.
The Christmas truce (Weihnachtsfrieden; Trêve de Noël) was a series of widespread but unofficial ceasefires along the Western Front of World War I around Christmas 1914.
The Tank, Infantry, Mk IV (A22) Churchill was a British heavy infantry tank used in the Second World War, best known for its heavy armour, large longitudinal chassis with all-around tracks with multiple bogies, its ability to climb steep slopes, and its use as the basis of many specialist vehicles.
Clarence Byrle Craft (September 23, 1921 – March 28, 2002) was a United States Army soldier and a recipient of the United States military's highest decoration—the Medal of Honor—for his actions in World War II.
The Cluilian trench (Fossae Cluiliae) was a huge military trench that surrounded ancient Rome about four to five miles outside the city made by the army of Alba Longa during the war between Alba Longa and Rome in the middle of the seventh century BC.
CoDominium is a series of future history novels written by American writer Jerry Pournelle, along with several co-authors, primarily Larry Niven.
Cold-weather warfare, also known as Arctic warfare or winter warfare, encompasses military operations affected by snow, ice, thawing conditions or cold, both on land and at sea.
A combat knife is a fighting knife designed solely for military use and primarily intended for hand-to-hand or close combat fighting.
Combat stress reaction (CSR) is a term used within the military to describe acute behavioral disorganization seen by medical personnel as a direct result of the trauma of war.
Combe Down is a village suburb of Bath, England in the Bath and North East Somerset unitary authority within the ceremonial county of Somerset.
Combined arms is an approach to warfare which seeks to integrate different combat arms of a military to achieve mutually complementary effects (for example, using infantry and armor in an urban environment, where one supports the other, or both support each other).
Company of Heroes: Opposing Fronts (abbreviated CoH:OF) is the stand alone expansion pack to Company of Heroes, a real-time strategy game for computers running the Windows operating system.
Concertina wire or Dannert Wire is a type of barbed wire or razor wire that is formed in large coils which can be expanded like a concertina (a small hand-held bellows-type instrument in the same family as the accordion).
The Confédération Syndicale des Travailleurs de Centrafrique is a trade union centre in the Central African Republic.
The German conservative revolutionary movement was a German national conservative movement, prominent in the years following the First World War.
Constantin Gane (March 27, 1885 – April or May 1962) was a Romanian novelist, amateur historian, biographer and memoirist.
CornerShot is a weapon accessory invented by Lt.
A crossfire (also known as interlocking fire) is a military term for the siting of weapons (often automatic weapons such as assault rifles or sub-machine guns) so that their arcs of fire overlap.
Crossing the Line is a 2008 war short film written and directed by Peter Jackson set in World War I. It is the first film made with the Red One camera.
Crowe Hall is a Georgian house in Widcombe, Bath, Somerset, England.
Dragoner-Regiment Nr.5 Bayreuth Dragoner Dragoner-Regiment Nr.5 Königin Dragoner Kürassier-Regiment Königin Nr.
The cult of the offensive refers to a strategic military dilemma, where leaders believe that offensive advantages are so great that a defending force would have no hope of repelling the attack; consequently, all states choose to attack.
The culture of the United Kingdom is influenced by the UK's history as a developed state, a liberal democracy and a great power; its predominantly Christian religious life; and its composition of four countries—England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland—each of which has distinct customs, cultures and symbolism.
Daniel Desmond Sheehan, usually known as D. D. Sheehan (28 May 1873 – 28 November 1948) was an Irish nationalist, politician, labour leader, journalist, barrister and author.
Daffy – The Commando is a Warner Bros. cartoon in the Looney Tunes series released on November 20, 1943, and directed by Friz Freleng.
David Bruce Bleak (27 February 1932 – 23 March 2006) was a soldier of the United States Army during the Korean War.
David Douglas FRSE FSA (1823 – 1916) was a Scottish publisher in the 19th century.
Defence in depth (also known as deep or elastic defence) is a military strategy that seeks to delay rather than prevent the advance of an attacker, buying time and causing additional casualties by yielding space.
The Defence of Festubert was an engagement early in the First World War when Indian and British battalions of the 7th (Meerut) Division, Indian Army defended the village of Festubert against a German attack from 23–24 November 1914.
A defensive fighting position (DFP) is a type of earthwork constructed in a military context, generally large enough to accommodate anything from one man to a small number of soldiers.
Dennis Hart Mahan (April 2, 1802 – September 16, 1871) was a noted American military theorist, civil engineer and professor at the United States Military Academy at West Point from 1824-1871.
Desert warfare is combat in deserts.
The Devonshire Regiment was a line infantry regiment of the British Army which served under various titles and served in many wars and conflicts from 1685 to 1958, such as the Second Boer War, the First World War and the Second World War.
Die Aktion ("The Action") was a German literary published between 1911 and 1932 in Berlin-Wilmersdorf.
Major Allison Digby Tatham-Warter DSO (21 May 1917 – 21 March 1993), also known as Digby Tatham-Warter or just Digby, was a British Army officer who fought in the Second World War.
Diksmuide (Dixmude, West Flemish: Diksmude) is a Belgian city and municipality in the Flemish province of West Flanders.
The División del Norte was an armed faction formed by Francisco I. Madero and initially led by General José González Salas following Madero's call to arms at the outbreak of the Mexican Revolution in 1910.
Doctor John Dolittle is the central character of a series of children's books by Hugh Lofting starting with the 1920 The Story of Doctor Dolittle.
Doctrine (from doctrina, meaning "teaching", "instruction" or "doctrine") is a codification of beliefs or a body of teachings or instructions, taught principles or positions, as the essence of teachings in a given branch of knowledge or in a belief system.
The Dodengang (Dutch, also called Trench of Death in English and Le Boyau de la mort in French) is a World War I memorial site located near Diksmuide, Belgium.
Donald Benson Blanding (1894-1957) was an American poet, sometimes described as the "poet laureate of Hawaii." He was also a journalist, cartoonist, author and speaker.
Donald Wilson (25 September 1892 – 21 June 1978) was a United States Army Air Forces general during World War II.
is a Commodore 64 video game by Ken Coates released in North America in 1984.
Major General Douglas Alexander Henry Graham, (26 March 1893 – 28 September 1971) was a senior British Army officer who fought with distinction in both world wars.
Douglas MacArthur (26 January 18805 April 1964) was an American five-star general and Field Marshal of the Philippine Army.
Dover is a city in Strafford County, New Hampshire, United States.
Downton Abbey is a historical period drama television series set in England in the early 20th century, created by Julian Fellowes and co-produced by Carnival Films and Masterpiece.
Duck and Cover is a civil defense social guidance film that is often popularly mischaracterizedhttps://www.theatlantic.com/national/archive/2011/01/the-unexpected-return-of-duck-and-cover/68776/ The Unexpected Return of 'Duck and Cover' as propaganda.
A dugout or dug-out, also known as a pit-house, earth lodge, is a shelter for humans or domesticated animals and livestock based on a hole or depression dug into the ground.
Earthworks are engineering works created through the processing of parts of the earth's surface involving quantities of soil or unformed rock.
East Peoria is a city in Tazewell County, Illinois, United States.
The Eastern Front or Eastern Theater of World War I (Восточный фронт, Vostochnıy front, sometimes called the Second Fatherland War or Second Patriotic War (Вторая Отечественная война, Vtoraya Otechestvennaya voyna) in Russian sources) was a theatre of operations that encompassed at its greatest extent the entire frontier between the Russian Empire and Romania on one side and the Austro-Hungarian Empire, Bulgaria, the Ottoman Empire and the German Empire on the other. It stretched from the Baltic Sea in the north to the Black Sea in the south, included most of Eastern Europe and stretched deep into Central Europe as well. The term contrasts with "Western Front", which was being fought in Belgium and France. During 1910, Russian General Yuri Danilov developed "Plan 19" under which four armies would invade East Prussia. This plan was criticised as Austria-Hungary could be a greater threat than the German Empire. So instead of four armies invading East Prussia, the Russians planned to send two armies to East Prussia, and two Armies to defend against Austro-Hungarian forces invading from Galicia. In the opening months of the war, the Imperial Russian Army attempted an invasion of eastern Prussia in the northwestern theater, only to be beaten back by the Germans after some initial success. At the same time, in the south, they successfully invaded Galicia, defeating the Austro-Hungarian forces there. In Russian Poland, the Germans failed to take Warsaw. But by 1915, the German and Austro-Hungarian armies were on the advance, dealing the Russians heavy casualties in Galicia and in Poland, forcing it to retreat. Grand Duke Nicholas was sacked from his position as the commander-in-chief and replaced by the Tsar himself. Several offensives against the Germans in 1916 failed, including Lake Naroch Offensive and the Baranovichi Offensive. However, General Aleksei Brusilov oversaw a highly successful operation against Austria-Hungary that became known as the Brusilov Offensive, which saw the Russian Army make large gains. The Kingdom of Romania entered the war in August 1916. The Entente promised the region of Transylvania (which was part of Austria-Hungary) in return for Romanian support. The Romanian Army invaded Transylvania and had initial successes, but was forced to stop and was pushed back by the Germans and Austro-Hungarians when Bulgaria attacked them in the south. Meanwhile, a revolution occurred in Russia in February 1917 (one of the several causes being the hardships of the war). Tsar Nicholas II was forced to abdicate and a Russian Provisional Government was founded, with Georgy Lvov as its first leader, who was eventually replaced by Alexander Kerensky. The newly formed Russian Republic continued to fight the war alongside Romania and the rest of the Entente until it was overthrown by the Bolsheviks in October 1917. Kerensky oversaw the July Offensive, which was largely a failure and caused a collapse in the Russian Army. The new government established by the Bolsheviks signed the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk with the Central Powers, taking it out of the war and making large territorial concessions. Romania was also forced to surrender and signed a similar treaty, though both of the treaties were nullified with the surrender of the Central Powers in November 1918.
The Eastern Front of World War II was a theatre of conflict between the European Axis powers and co-belligerent Finland against the Soviet Union, Poland and other Allies, which encompassed Central Europe, Eastern Europe, Northeast Europe (Baltics), and Southeast Europe (Balkans) from 22 June 1941 to 9 May 1945.
The Eastern Theater of the American Civil War consists of the major military and naval operations in the states of Virginia, West Virginia, Maryland, and Pennsylvania, the District of Columbia, and the coastal fortifications and seaports of North Carolina.
Bladed and edged weapons have been used throughout history for combat, hunting and in ceremonies.
Edward Brooks VC (11 April 1883 – 26 June 1944) was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.
Sir Edward Temperley Gourley, VD (8 June 1826 – 15 April 1902) was a coal fitter, shipowner and politician born in Sunderland, England.
Edwin Stephen Campion Vaughan MC (30 November 1897 – 8 June 1931) was a British Army officer in the First World War whose diary later became a well-known book.
Edwin Forrest Harding (September 18, 1886June 5, 1970) commanded the 32nd Infantry Division at the beginning of World War II.
El Alamein - The Line of Fire (El Alamein - La linea del fuoco, also known as El Alamein: Bond of Honour) is a 2002 Italian war-drama film written and directed by Enzo Monteleone.
Elsie Knocker, later Baroness de T'Serclaes, (29 July 1884 – 26 April 1978) was a British nurse and ambulance driver in World War I who, together with her friend Mairi Chisholm, won numerous medals for bravery and for saving the lives of thousands of soldiers on the Western Front in Belgium.
Emilio Lussu (December 4, 1890 – March 5, 1975) was an Italian soldier, politician and a writer.
Enfilade and defilade are concepts in military tactics used to describe a military formation's exposure to enemy fire.
An entrenching tool, E-tool, or trenching tool is a collapsible spade used by military forces for a variety of military purposes.
Entrenchment, Entrenched or Entrench may refer to.
The EOC 10 inch 40 caliber guns were a family of related guns designed by the Elswick Ordnance Company and produced by Armstrong Whitworth in the 1890s for export customers.
2nd Lt. Erasmus Darwin in uniform of The Green Howards. The Menin Gate. Erasmus Darwin MA (7 December 1881 – 24 April 1915), grandson of the naturalist Charles Darwin, was an English businessman and soldier, killed in the First World War.
Eri-Aaroni 3423 Valio (July 12, 1932 – September 1, 1953) was liver chestnut stallion who was a Ravikuningas title winner in harness racing and a very influential Finnhorse sire.
Brigadier Eric Edward ("Chink") Dorman-Smith (24 July 1895 – 11 May 1969), who later changed his name to Eric Edward Dorman O'Gowan, was an Irish officer whose career in the British Army began in the First World War and closed at the end of the Second World War.
Major General Eric Charles Hayes, CB (19 June 1896 – 25 August 1951) was a senior British Army officer who fought in both world wars.
The Eritrean–Ethiopian War took place from May 1998 to June 2000 between Ethiopia and Eritrea, one of the conflicts in the Horn of Africa.
Major-General Sir Ernest Dunlop Swinton, (21 October 1868 – 15 January 1951) was a British Army officer who was active in the development and adoption of the tank during the First World War.
Erwin Rommel (15 November 1891 – 14 October 1944) was a German general and military theorist.
The Escadron de Chasse or Fighter Squadron 1/4 Gascogne (Escadron de Chasse 1/4 Gascogne) is a combat unit of the French Air Force.
The Escandón Pass (Puerto Escandón or Puerto de Escandón) is a mountain pass in Teruel Province, Aragon, Spain.
Exeter War Memorial, also known as The Northernhay War Memorial is a war memorial in Northernhay Gardens in the city of Exeter, Devon.
The Experimental Mechanized Force (EMF) was a brigade-sized formation of the British Army.
In New Zealand in the 1930s, farmers reportedly had trouble with exploding trousers as a result of attempts to control ragwort, an agricultural weed.
A Feldbahn, or Lorenbahn, is the German term for a narrow-gauge field railway, usually not open to the public, which in its simplest form provides for the transportation of agricultural, forestry (Waldbahn) and industrial raw materials such as wood, peat, stone, earth and sand.
The Southern Victory Series is a series of alternate history novels written by Harry Turtledove.
Field entrenchment is the activity of provision of cover and concealment, usually by the Infantry Arm of Service, possibly with assistance from combat engineers or sappers.
A fireteam or fire team is a small military sub-subunit of infantry designed to optimize "bounding overwatch" and "fire and movement" tactical doctrine in combat.
The Serbian First Army (Српска Прва Армија / Srpska Prva Armija) was a Serbian field army that fought during World War I.
The First Australian Imperial Force (1st AIF) was the main expeditionary force of the Australian Army during World War I. It was formed on 15 August 1914, following Britain's declaration of war on Germany, initially with a strength of one infantry division and one light horse brigade.
The First Battle of Gaza was fought on 26 March 1917, during the first attempt by the Egyptian Expeditionary Force (EEF) to invade the south of Palestine in the Ottoman Empire during the Sinai and Palestine Campaign of the First World War.
The First Battle of the Aisne (1re Bataille de l'Aisne) was the Allied follow-up offensive against the right wing of the German First Army (led by Alexander von Kluck) and the Second Army (led by Karl von Bülow) as they retreated after the First Battle of the Marne earlier in September 1914.
The Battle of the Marne (Première bataille de la Marne, also known as the Miracle of the Marne, Le Miracle de la Marne) was a World War I battle fought from It resulted in an Allied victory against the German armies in the west.
A flamethrower is a mechanical incendiary device designed to project a long, controllable stream of fire.
The Flammenwerfer M.16. was a German man-portable backpack flamethrower that was used in World War I in trench warfare.
The flexible defense is a military theory about the design of modern fortifications.
In military science, Force multiplication or a force multiplier refers to a factor or a combination of factors that dramatically increases (hence "multiplies") the effectiveness of an item or group, giving a given number of troops (or other personnel) or weapons (or other hardware) the ability to accomplish greater things than without it.
The Foreign Legion Command (Commandement de la Légion Étrangère, (COMLE)) (official) is the Command of the French Foreign Legion.
The Pioneers of the French Foreign Legion (Les Pionniers de la Légion étrangère) are a "unit of tradition".
Fort Halstead is a research site of Dstl, an executive agency of the UK Ministry of Defence.
Tre Sassi fort (Italian Forte Tre Sassi or Forte Tra i Sassi; Ladino Fort Intra i Sas) is a fortress and museum on the road to the Passo di Valparola, within the comune of Cortina d'Ampezzo in the southern (Dolomitic) Alps of the Veneto region of Northern Italy.
A fortification is a military construction or building designed for the defense of territories in warfare; and is also used to solidify rule in a region during peacetime.
The fortifications of London are extensive and mostly well maintained, though many of the City of London's fortifications and defences were dismantled in the 17th and 18th century.
Forward air control is the provision of guidance to close air support (CAS) aircraft intended to ensure that their attack hits the intended target and does not injure friendly troops.
Forward air controllers in the Korean War were prominent throughout the conflict.
Fragmentation is the process by which the casing of an artillery or mortar shell, rocket, missile, bomb, grenade, etc.
France is one of the five "Nuclear Weapons States" under the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, but is not known to possess or develop any chemical or biological weapons.
The Frazier History Museum, previously known as the Frazier Historical Arms Museum and the Frazier International History Museum, is a history museum located on Museum Row in the Bourbon District of downtown Louisville, Kentucky.
Major General Fred Livingood Walker (June 11, 1887 – October 6, 1969) was a highly decorated senior United States Army officer who served in both World War I and World War II and was awarded with the second highest military decorations in both wars, the Distinguished Service Cross.
Friedrich Wilhelm "Fred" Zinn was a volunteer American aviator of German descent who flew with French Armée de l'Air forces in World War I and an early pioneer of aerial photography for wartime reconnaissance and Military intelligence.
Frederic Manning (22 July 188222 February 1935) was an Australian poet and novelist.
Frederick Harding Turner (29 May 1888 – 10 January 1915) was a rugby union player.
Free-space optical communication (FSO) is an optical communication technology that uses light propagating in free space to wirelessly transmit data for telecommunications or computer networking.
This article is about the French Army in World War I. During World War I, France was one of the Triple Entente powers allied against the Central Powers.
The French Third Republic (La Troisième République, sometimes written as La IIIe République) was the system of government adopted in France from 1870 when the Second French Empire collapsed during the Franco-Prussian War until 1940 when France's defeat by Nazi Germany in World War II led to the formation of the Vichy government in France.
Friedrich Bertram Sixt von Armin (27 November 1851 – 30 September 1936) was a German general who participated in the Franco-Prussian War and the First World War.
Fritz Haber (9 December 1868 – 29 January 1934) was a German chemist who received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1918 for his invention of the Haber–Bosch process, a method used in industry to synthesize ammonia from nitrogen gas and hydrogen gas.
The military tactic of frontal assault is a direct, hostile movement of forces toward the front of an enemy force (as compared to the flanks or rear of the enemy).
The Frot-Laffly armoured roller, also Frot-Turmel-Laffly armoured roller (Char Frot-Turmel-Laffly, also Rouleau cuirassé Paul Frot), was an early French experimental armoured fighting vehicle designed and built from December 1914 to March 1915.
Gaius Cluilius was the king of Alba Longa during the reign of the Roman king Tullus Hostilius in the middle of the seventh century BC.
Gallipoli is a 1981 Australian war drama film directed by Peter Weir and produced by Patricia Lovell and Robert Stigwood, starring Mel Gibson and Mark Lee, about several rural Western Australian young men who enlist in the Australian Army during the First World War.
The Gallipoli Campaign, also known as the Dardanelles Campaign, the Battle of Gallipoli, or the Battle of Çanakkale (Çanakkale Savaşı), was a campaign of the First World War that took place on the Gallipoli peninsula (Gelibolu in modern Turkey) in the Ottoman Empire between 17 February 1915 and 9 January 1916.
Major General Garnet Burk Hughes (22 April 1880 – 13 April 1937) was a Canadian military officer during the First World War.
Generals Die in Bed is an anti-war novella by the Canadian writer Charles Yale Harrison.
The concept of four "generations" in the history of modern warfare was created by a team of United States analysts, including William S. Lind, for the purpose of an argument for "the changing face of war" entering into a "fourth generation".
George Allan (1885 – 14 March 1916) was a Scottish professional football half back who played in the Scottish League for Partick Thistle and Ayr United.
George Sydenham Clarke, 1st Baron Sydenham of Combe (4 July 1848 – 7 February 1933) was a British Army officer and colonial administrator.
Lieutenant General Sir George Henry Fowke (10 September 1864 – 8 February 1936) was a British Army general, who served on the staff of the British Expeditionary Force during the First World War.
George Llewelyn Davies (20 July 1893 - 15 March 1915) was the eldest son of Arthur and Sylvia Llewelyn Davies.
George Gordon Meade (December 31, 1815 – November 6, 1872) was a career United States Army officer and civil engineer best known for defeating Confederate General Robert E. Lee at the Battle of Gettysburg in the American Civil War.
George Constant Louis Washington (May 20, 1871 – March 29, 1946) was a Belgium-born American inventor and businessman.
The German Empire (Deutsches Kaiserreich, officially Deutsches Reich),Herbert Tuttle wrote in September 1881 that the term "Reich" does not literally connote an empire as has been commonly assumed by English-speaking people.
The German occupation of Luxembourg in World War I was the first of two military occupations of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg by Germany in the twentieth century.
The Geweer M. 95, also known to collectors as the Dutch Mannlicher, was the service rifle of the Armed forces of the Netherlands between 1895 and 1940 which replaced the obsolete Beaumont-Vitali M1871/88.
The Gewehr 98 (abbreviated G98, Gew 98 or M98) is a German bolt-action Mauser rifle firing cartridges from a 5-round internal clip-loaded magazine that was the German service rifle from 1898 to 1935, when it was replaced by the Karabiner 98k, a shorter weapon using the same basic design.
Lieutenant Gitz Rice (May 5, 1891 – October 16, 1947) was a Canadian service member and entertainer, best known for creating various World War I war songs popular among both troops and civilians.
Abbot Giuseppe Ricciotti, C.R.L., (Rome, 1890 – 1964) was an Italian canon regular, Biblical scholar and archeologist.
Giuseppe Ungaretti (8 February 1888 – 2 June 1970) was an Italian modernist poet, journalist, essayist, critic, academic, and recipient of the inaugural 1970 Neustadt International Prize for Literature.
This is a list of words, terms, concepts, and slogans that have been or are used by the German military.
Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba, or simply Gonzalo de Córdoba (1 September 1453 – 2 December 1515), Duke of Terranova and Santangelo, Andria, Montalto and Sessa, was a Spanish general who fought in the Conquest of Granada and the Italian Wars.
Good-Bye to All That, an autobiography by Robert Graves, first appeared in 1929, when the author was 34 years old.
General Sir Gordon Holmes Alexander MacMillan of MacMillan and Knap, (7 January 1897 – 21 January 1986) was a professional soldier who rose to become a general in the British Army.
The Great Siege of Gibraltar was an unsuccessful attempt by Spain and France to capture Gibraltar from the British during the American War of Independence.
Great War is an alternate history trilogy novel by Harry Turtledove, which follows How Few Remain. It is part of Turtledove's Southern Victory series of novels. This trilogy is an alternative imaginary scenario of World War I, between 1914 and 1917, as a result of the Confederate States' victory over the United States in 1862.
Greater Tunb and Lesser Tunb (تنب بزرگ و تنب کوچک., Tonb-e Bozorg and Tonb-e Kuchak, طنب الكبرى و طنب الصغرى., Tunb el-Kubra and Tunb el-Sughra) are two small islands in the eastern Persian Gulf, close to the Strait of Hormuz.
The Greco-Turkish War of 1919–1922 was fought between Greece and the Turkish National Movement during the partitioning of the Ottoman Empire after World War I between May 1919 and October 1922.
A grenade is a small weapon typically thrown by hand.
A grenadier (derived from the word grenade) was originally a specialized soldier, first established as a distinct role in the mid-to-late 17th century, for the throwing of grenades and sometimes assault operations.
The Guadarrama Pass (Puerto de Guadarrama), also known as Alto del León, is a mountain pass in Spain.
Gueules cassées (broken faces)Biernoff, S. and Stein, C. (2008); "Les Gueules cassées (review)", in: Bulletin of the History of Medicine, Volume 82, Number 2, Summer 2008.
A gun carriage is a frame and mount that supports the gun barrel of an artillery piece, allowing it to be manoeuvred and fired.
Haber is a 2008 short-film written and directed by Daniel Ragussis.
The Hales rifle grenade is the name for several rifle grenades used by British forces during World War I. All of these are based on the No.
A half-track is a civilian or military vehicle with regular wheels at the front for steering and continuous tracks at the back to propel the vehicle and carry most of the load.
The Hallamshire Battalion was an infantry battalion of the York and Lancaster Regiment, part of the British Army in existence from 1859 until 1999.
Hamburger Hill is a 1987 American war film about the actual assault of the U.S. Army's 3rd Battalion, 187th Infantry Regiment, part of the 3rd Brigade, 101st Airborne Division "Screaming Eagles", on a well-fortified position, including trenchworks and bunkers, of the North Vietnamese Army on Ap Bia Mountain near the Laotian border.
Hand-to-hand combat (sometimes abbreviated as HTH or H2H) is a lethal or non-lethal physical confrontation between two or more persons at very short range (grappling distance, or within the physical reach of a handheld weapon) that does not involve the use of ranged weapons.
Hanko (Hangö) is a bilingual port town and municipality on the south coast of Finland, west of Helsinki.
Major General Harold Edward "Pompey" Elliott, (19 June 1878 – 23 March 1931) was a senior officer in the Australian Army during the First World War.
General Sir Harold Edmund Franklyn (28 November 1885 − 31 March 1963) was a British Army officer who fought in both World War I and World War II.
Harold Adams Innis (November 5, 1894 – November 8, 1952) was a Canadian professor of political economy at the University of Toronto and the author of seminal works on media, communication theory, and Canadian economic history.
Private Harry Farr (1891– 18 October 1916) was a British soldier who was executed during World War I for cowardice at the age of 25.
Henry John Patch (17 June 1898 – 25 July 2009), dubbed in his later years "the Last Fighting Tommy", was a British supercentenarian, briefly the oldest man in Europe and the last surviving combat soldier of the First World War from any country.
Hearts of the World (also known as Love's Struggle) is a 1918 American silent World War I propaganda film written, produced and directed by D. W. Griffith.
Hedd Wyn (born Ellis Humphrey Evans, 13 January 188731 July 1917) was a Welsh-language poet who was killed on the first day of the Battle of Passchendaele during World War I. He was posthumously awarded the bard's chair at the 1917 National Eisteddfod.
Hedd Wyn is a 1992 Welsh anti-war biopic, written by Alan Llwyd and directed by Paul Turner.
Hell on Earth (German: Niemandsland) is a 1931 German film directed by Victor Trivas.
Henry Humphrey Evans Lloyd (c.1718 – 19 June 1783) was a Welsh army officer and military writer.
Samuel George Herbert Mason (1891 – 20 May 1960) was a British film director, producer, stage actor, army officer, presenter of some revues, stage manager, stage director, choreographer, production manager and playwright.
Major Hesketh Vernon Prichard, later Hesketh-Prichard (17 November 1876 – 14 June 1922) was an explorer, adventurer, big-game hunter and marksman who made a significant contribution to sniping practice within the British Army during the First World War.
The High Peak Rifles, later 6th Battalion, Sherwood Foresters, was a volunteer unit of Britain's Territorial Army.
The Southern Victory Series is a series of alternate history novels written by Harry Turtledove.
In historiography, the term historical revisionism identifies the re-interpretation of the historical record.
History Line: 1914-1918 (released in USA by SSI as Great War: 1914-1918) is a turn-based tactics computer game developed in the early 1990s by the German team Blue Byte.
The history of the cannon spans several hundred years.
Celtic Football Club has always competed in the highest level of football in Scotland, currently the Scottish Premiership.
The first written records for the history of France appeared in the Iron Age.
The concept of Germany as a distinct region in central Europe can be traced to Roman commander Julius Caesar, who referred to the unconquered area east of the Rhine as Germania, thus distinguishing it from Gaul (France), which he had conquered.
The history of Gibraltar, a small peninsula on the southern Iberian coast near the entrance of the Mediterranean Sea, spans over 2,900 years.
Although the term infantry dates from the 15th century, the foot troops of the previous eras in history who fought with a variety of weapons before the introduction of the firearms are also referred to as infantry.
The territory of the modern state of Iraq was defined in 1920 as Mandatory Iraq.
The military funding of science has had a powerful transformative effect on the practice and products of scientific research since the early 20th century.
The history of Petersburg, Virginia as a modern settlement begins in the 17th century when it was first settled.
Propaganda is information that is not impartial and used primarily to influence an audience and further an agenda, often by presenting facts selectively (perhaps lying by omission) to encourage a particular synthesis, or using loaded messages to produce an emotional rather than a rational response to the information presented.
Swindon is a town in Wiltshire in the South West of England.
The history of the British Army spans over three and a half centuries since its founding in 1660 and involves numerous European wars, colonial wars and world wars.
This articles covers the history of Italy as a monarchy and in the World Wars.
The history of the Philippines from 1521 to 1898, also known as the Spanish colonial period, a period that spans during the Captaincy General of the Philippines located in the collection of Islands in Southeast Asia that was colonized by Spain known as 'Las Islas Filipinas', once under New Spain until Mexican independence which gave Madrid direct control over the area.
This article details the history of the Scots Guards from 1805 to 1913.
The history of the tank began in World War I, when armoured all-terrain fighting vehicles were first deployed as a response to the problems of trench warfare, ushering in a new era of mechanized warfare.
Industrialization went forward in the Northwest.
For thousands of years, devices have been used to measure and keep track of time.
The history of watches began in 16th century Europe, where watches evolved from portable spring-driven clocks, which first appeared in the 15th century.
The Holt Manufacturing Company began with the 1883 founding of Stockton Wheel Service in Stockton, California, United States.
Homage to Catalonia is George Orwell's personal account of his experiences and observations in the Spanish Civil War.
HorsePower: The Museum of the King's Royal Hussars is a military museum in Winchester, Hampshire, that is dedicated to documenting the King's Royal Hussars, a cavalry regiment of the British Army.
The first use of horses in warfare occurred over 5,000 years ago.
The use of horses in World War I marked a transitional period in the evolution of armed conflict.
Horses in World War II were used by the belligerent nations for transportation of troops, artillery, materiel, and, to a lesser extent, in mobile cavalry troops.
The Household Battalion was an infantry battalion of the British army during the Great War.
How Few Remain is a 1997 alternate history novel by Harry Turtledove.
A howitzer is a type of artillery piece characterized by a relatively short barrel and the use of comparatively small propellant charges to propel projectiles over relatively high trajectories, with a steep angle of descent.
Colonel Sir John Edmond Hugh Boustead, KBE, CMG, DSO, MC & Bar (14 April 1895 – 3 April 1980), was a British military officer, modern pentathlete, and diplomat who served in numerous posts across several Middle Eastern countries, including ambassador to Abu Dhabi from 1961 to 1965.
Hugh John Lofting (14 January 1886 – 26 September 1947) was a British author, trained as a civil engineer, who created the character of Doctor Dolittle, one of the classics of children's literature.
Hunter Liggett (March 21, 1857 – December 30, 1935) was a senior United States Army officer.
The Ifni War, sometimes called the Forgotten War in Spain (la Guerra Olvidada), was a series of armed incursions into Spanish West Africa by Moroccan insurgents that began in October 1957 and culminated with the abortive siege of Sidi Ifni.
The British Independent Labour Party sent a small contingent to fight in the Spanish Civil War.
Immersion foot syndromes are a class of foot injury caused by water absorption in the outer layer of skin.
Individual movement techniques or IMTs (also known as infantry minor tactics in Australia) are the most basic tactics that are employed at the fireteam, squad, section or platoon level.
Industrial warfare is a period in the history of warfare ranging roughly from the early 19th century and the start of the Industrial Revolution to the beginning of the Atomic Age, which saw the rise of nation-states, capable of creating and equipping large armies, navies, and air forces, through the process of industrialization.
Infantry tactics are the combination of military concepts and methods used by infantry to achieve tactical objectives during combat.
In warfare, infiltration tactics involve small independent light infantry forces advancing into enemy rear areas, bypassing enemy front-line strongpoints, possibly isolating them for attack by follow-up troops with heavier weapons.
An invasion is a military offensive in which large parts of combatants of one geopolitical entity aggressively enter territory controlled by another such entity, generally with the objective of either conquering; liberating or re-establishing control or authority over a territory; forcing the partition of a country; altering the established government or gaining concessions from said government; or a combination thereof.
The Invasion of Poland, known in Poland as the September Campaign (Kampania wrześniowa) or the 1939 Defensive War (Wojna obronna 1939 roku), and in Germany as the Poland Campaign (Polenfeldzug) or Fall Weiss ("Case White"), was a joint invasion of Poland by Germany, the Soviet Union, the Free City of Danzig, and a small Slovak contingent that marked the beginning of World War II.
Investment is the military process of surrounding an enemy fort (or town) with armed forces to prevent entry or escape.
The Iran–Iraq War was an armed conflict between Iran and Iraq, beginning on 22 September 1980, when Iraq invaded Iran, and ending on 20 August 1988, when Iran accepted the UN-brokered ceasefire.
The Iraqi Army, officially the Iraqi Ground Forces, is the ground force component of the Iraqi Armed Forces, having been active in various incarnations throughout the 20th and 21st centuries.
During World War I (1914–1918), Ireland was part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, which entered the war in August 1914 as one of the Entente Powers, along with France, and the Russian Empire.
Iron Storm is a first-person shooter video game developed by 4X Studios and published by Wanadoo in Europe and DreamCatcher Interactive in North America.
The Italian Front (Fronte italiano; in Gebirgskrieg, "Mountain war") was a series of battles at the border between Austria-Hungary and Italy, fought between 1915 and 1918 in World War I. Following the secret promises made by the Allies in the Treaty of London, Italy entered the war in order to annex the Austrian Littoral and northern Dalmatia, and the territories of present-day Trentino and South Tyrol.
Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a sovereign state in Europe.
Jack V. Picone (born 1958) is an Australian-born documentary photographer, photojournalist, author, festival/collective founder, tutor and academic.
John George Yuill (2 October 1885 – 9 July 1916) was an English amateur football outside right who played in the Football League for Manchester City and Stockport County.
Jacques Tardi (born 1946) is a French comics artist.
The double cylinder, No.
James Anson Campbell (September 11, 1854 – September 20, 1933) was an American business leader known for his role as chairman of Youngstown Sheet and Tube Company, one of the largest regional steel-production firms in the United States.
Lieutenant General Sir James Andrew Harcourt Gammell KCB DSO MC (26 September 1892 – 1 September 1975) was a British Army officer who fought during both World War I and World War II.
James Scott (1895 – 1 July 1916) was a Scottish professional football forward who played in the Scottish League for Raith Rovers.
James Wolfe Ripley (December 10, 1794 – March 16, 1870) was an American soldier who served as a brigadier general in the Union Army during the Civil War.
Jan Gotlib (Bogumił) Bloch (Иван Станиславович Блиох or Блох) (July 24, 1836, Radom – December 25, 1901/1902, Warsaw) was a Polish banker and railway financier who devoted his private life to the study of modern industrial warfare.
Jarama is a river in central Spain.
Jean Baptiste Eugène EstienneEstienne's forenames are frequently incorrectly given as Jean-Baptiste Eugène.
James Edison Darmody is a fictional character in the television show Boardwalk Empire, played by Michael Pitt.
The Jinzhou (Chinchow) Operation was an operation in 1931 during the Japanese invasion of Manchuria, which was a preliminary, contributing factor to the outbreak of the Second Sino-Japanese War in 1937.
Walter George Bailey DSO, MC and two Bars (9 February 1890 – 1974), known as Joe Bailey, was an English professional football inside forward who made over 180 appearances in the Southern League and the Football League for Reading.
Joseph Powell Mercer (21 July 1889 – 1927) was an English professional football centre half who played in the Football League for Nottingham Forest and Tranmere Rovers.
Johan Laidoner (12 February 1884 – 13 March 1953) was an Estonian general and statesman.
General Sir John Tredinnick Crocker, (4 January 1896 – 9 March 1963) was a senior British Army officer who fought in both world wars.
Major General John Malcolm Lawrence Grover CB MC (6 February 1897 – 1979) was a British Army officer who commanded the 2nd Infantry Division in the Burma Campaign, including in the Battle of Kohima, during World War II.
General of the Armies John Joseph "Black Jack" Pershing (September 13, 1860 – July 15, 1948) was a senior United States Army officer.
John Northcote Nash (11 April 1893 – 23 September 1977) was a British painter of landscapes and still-lives, and a wood engraver and illustrator, particularly of botanic works.
John Harold Sharp MC was a Scottish professional football forward who played in the Scottish League for Hibernian and St Bernard's.
John Taliaferro (anglicized to "Tolliver"http://www.nfatoys.com/tsmg/web/genthomp.htm John T. Thompson; A Brief History) Thompson (December 31, 1860 – June 21, 1940) was a United States Army officer best remembered as the inventor of the Thompson submachine gun.
Journey's End is a 1930 British-American war film directed by James Whale.
Air Chief Marshal Sir Keith Rodney Park, (15 June 1892 – 6 February 1975) was a New Zealand soldier, First World War flying ace and Second World War Royal Air Force commander.
Major General Kenneth William Eather, (6 July 1901 – 9 May 1993) was a senior Australian Army officer who served during the Second World War.
King and Country (stylised as King & Country) is a 1964 British war film directed by Joseph Losey, shot in black and white, and starring Dirk Bogarde and Tom Courtenay.
The King's Regiment (Liverpool) was one of the oldest line infantry regiments of the British Army, having been formed in 1685 and numbered as the 8th (The King's) Regiment of Foot in 1751.
Kingdom of the Wicked is a comic book series written by Ian Edginton and illustrated by D'Israeli.
A knife (plural knives) is a tool with a cutting edge or blade, hand-held or otherwise, with most having a handle.
A knife bayonet is a knife which can be used both as a bayonet, fighting or utility knife.
Kościuszko Mound (kopiec Kościuszki) in Kraków, Poland, erected by Cracovians in commemoration of the Polish national leader Tadeusz Kościuszko, is an artificial mound modeled after Kraków's prehistoric mounds of Krak and Wanda.
General Jacobus Herculaas de la Rey (22 October 1847 – 15 September 1914), usually known as Koos de la Rey, was a prominent Boer general during the Second Boer War.
Kurt Tucholsky (January 9, 1890 – December 21, 1935) was a German-Jewish journalist, satirist, and writer.
The lance is a pole weapon designed to be used by a mounted warrior or cavalry soldier (lancer).
The landing at Anzac Cove on Sunday, 25 April 1915, also known as the landing at Gaba Tepe, and to the Turks as the Arıburnu Battle, was part of the amphibious invasion of the Gallipoli Peninsula by the forces of the British Empire, which began the land phase of the Gallipoli Campaign of the First World War.
General Sir Lashmer Gordon Whistler, 3 September 1898 – 4 July 1963), known as "Bolo", was a British Army officer who served in both the world wars. A junior officer during the First World War, during the Second World War he achieved senior rank serving with Field Marshal Sir Bernard Montgomery in North Africa and North-western Europe from 1942 to 1945. Montgomery considered that Whistler "was about the best infantry brigade commander I knew". In peacetime, his outstanding powers of leadership were shown in a series of roles in the decolonisation process, and he reached the four-star rank of a full general, without having attended the Staff College, Camberley, then considered almost essential for an officer wishing to attain high rank, and which a significant majority of the British generals of the war had attended. This, in Richard Mead's words, was "proof that lacking a Staff College qualification was no barrier to advancement for the right man."Mead (2007), p. 484.
Laurens Corning "Spike" Shull (January 17, 1894 – August 5, 1918) was an All-American football player who was killed in action during World War I. He played football, baseball and basketball for the University of Chicago from 1913–1916.
The Leach trench catapult (sometimes called a Leach-Gamage catapult) was a bomb-throwing catapult used by the British Army on the Western Front during World War I. It was designed to throw a projectile in a high trajectory into enemy trenches.
Lead, Kindly Light is a hymn with words written in 1833 by John Henry Newman as a poem titled "the Pillar and the Cloud".
Leptospirosis is an infection caused by corkscrew-shaped bacteria called Leptospira.
The Lines of Torres Vedras were lines of forts built in secrecy to defend Lisbon during the Peninsular War.
The following outline is provided as an overview of an topical guide to academic disciplines: An academic discipline or field of study is known as a branch of knowledge.
The following table groups the list of famous Andalusians listed in alphabetical order within categories.
This article lists the characters in the four series and three special episodes of the British sitcom Blackadder.
Carnivàle is an American fantasy television series created by Daniel Knauf for HBO.
This is a list of established military terms which have been in use for at least 50 years.
The following is a list of known veterans of the First World War (28 July 1914 – 11 November 1918) who died in 2009 (5 veterans), 2010 (1 veteran), 2011 (2 veterans) and 2012 (1 veteran).
This is a list of the last World War I veterans to die by country.
List of military engagements of World War I encompasses land, naval, and air engagements as well as campaigns, operations, defensive lines and sieges.
This page contains a list of military tactics.
Many Army divisions have over the years earned nicknames; some laudatory, some derogatory, but mostly colorful.
This is a list of Northumberland Fusiliers battalions in World War I. When the First World War broke out in August 1914, the Northumberland Fusiliers, a fusilier infantry regiment of the British Army, consisted of 7 battalions, eventually expanding to 52 battalions, although not all existed at the same time, of which 29 served overseas.
This article provides a non-exhaustive list of famous people born, educated or prominent in Bath, Somerset, England, or otherwise associated with the city.
This is a list of acronyms, expressions, euphemisms, jargon, military slang, and sayings in common or formerly common use in the United States Marine Corps.
List of World War I memorials and cemeteries in Artois, within the historic County of Artois and present day Pas-de-Calais Department of the Nord-Pas-de-Calais region, located in northeastern France.
Live and let live is the spontaneous rise of non-aggressive co-operative behaviour that developed during the First World War, particularly during prolonged periods of trench warfare on the Western Front.
The Liverpool Irish is a unit of the British Army's Territorial Army, raised in 1860 as a volunteer corps of infantry.
The Liverpool Scottish, known diminutively as "the Scottish", is a unit of the British Army, part of the Army Reserve (formerly the Territorial Army), raised in 1900 as an infantry battalion of the King's (Liverpool Regiment).
Lochnagar or Beinn Chìochan is a mountain in the Grampians of Scotland, located about five miles south of the River Dee near Balmoral.
Logistics in World War I was the organising and delivery of supplies to the armed forces of World War I.
The London Defence Positions were a late 19th century scheme of earthwork fortifications in the south-east of England, designed to protect London from foreign invasion landing on the south coast.
The London Regiment was an infantry regiment in the British Army, part of the Territorial Force (later renamed the Territorial Army).
Long hair is a hairstyle where the head hair is allowed to grow to a considerable length.
Lord of the Nutcracker Men is a novel by Canadian author Iain Lawrence that takes place in England during the first year of World War I. The book was first published in October 2001 by the Delacorte Press, and it was later reprinted in May 2003 by Dell-Laurel Leaf, an imprint of a division of Random House, Inc. The book has become a bestseller, and is included in the required reading lists of many American high schools.
Louisville in the American Civil War was a major stronghold of Union forces, which kept Kentucky firmly in the Union.
The Pistole Parabellum—or Parabellum-Pistole (Pistol Parabellum), commonly known in the United States as just Luger—is a toggle-locked recoil-operated semi-automatic pistol produced in several models and by several nations from 1898 to 1948.
The Browning Automatic Rifle (BAR) is a family of American automatic rifles and machine guns used by the United States and numerous other countries during the 20th century. The primary variant of the BAR series was the M1918, chambered for the.30-06 Springfield rifle cartridge and designed by John Browning in 1917 for the U.S. Expeditionary Corps in Europe as a replacement for the French-made Chauchat and M1909 Benét–Mercié machine guns that US forces had previously been issued. The BAR was designed to be carried by infantrymen during an assault Article by Maxim Popenker, 2014. advance while supported by the sling over the shoulder, or to be fired from the hip. This is a concept called "walking fire" — thought to be necessary for the individual soldier during trench warfare.Chinn, George M.: The Machine Gun, Volume I: History, Evolution, and Development of Manual, Automatic, and Airborne Repeating Weapons, p. 175. Bureau of Ordnance, Department of the Navy, 1951. The BAR never entirely lived up to the original hopes of the war department as either a rifle or a machine gun. The U.S. Army, in practice, used the BAR as a light machine gun, often fired from a bipod (introduced on models after 1938).Bishop, Chris: The Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War II, p. 239. Sterling Publishing, 2002. A variant of the original M1918 BAR, the Colt Monitor Machine Rifle, remains the lightest production automatic gun to fire the.30-06 Springfield cartridge, though the limited capacity of its standard 20-round magazine tended to hamper its utility in that role. Although the weapon did see some action in World War I, the BAR did not become standard issue in the US Army until 1938, when it was issued to squads as a portable light machine gun. The BAR saw extensive service in both World War II and the Korean War and saw limited service in the Vietnam War. The US Army began phasing out the BAR in the late 1950s, when it was intended to be replaced by a squad automatic weapon (SAW) variant of the M14, and was without a portable light machine gun until the introduction of the M60 machine gun in 1957. The M60, however, was really a general-purpose machine gun (GPMG) and was used as a SAW only because the army had no other tool for the job until the M249 Squad Automatic Weapon in the mid-1980s.
A machine pistol is typically a handgun-style machine gun, capable of fully automatic or burst fire, and chambered for pistol cartridges.
Maconochie was a stew of sliced turnips, carrots and potatoes in a thin soup, named for the Aberdeen Maconochie Company that produced it.
The Maginot Line (Ligne Maginot), named after the French Minister of War André Maginot, was a line of concrete fortifications, obstacles, and weapon installations built by France in the 1930s to deter invasion by Germany and force them to move around the fortifications.
A main battle tank (MBT), also known as a battle tank or universal tank, is a tank that fills the armor-protected direct fire and maneuver role of many modern armies.
A main line of resistance (MLR) is the most important defensive position of an army facing an opposing force over an extended front.
Mairi Lambert Gooden-Chisholm of Chisholm, MM, OStJ (26 February 1896 – 22 August 1981), known as Mairi Chisholm, was a Scottish nurse and ambulance driver in the First World War.
Mammoth Cave National Park is a U.S. national park in central Kentucky, encompassing portions of Mammoth Cave, the longest cave system known in the world.
The Manchester Regiment was a line infantry regiment of the British Army in existence from 1881 until 1958.
Maneuver warfare, or manoeuvre warfare, is a military strategy that advocates attempting to defeat the enemy by incapacitating their decision-making through shock and disruption.
Manfred Albrecht Freiherr von Richthofen (2 May 1892 – 21 April 1918), also known as the "Red Baron", was a fighter pilot with the German Air Force during World War I. He is considered the ace-of-aces of the war, being officially credited with 80 air combat victories.
Brigadier Manley Angell James, (12 July 1896 – 23 September 1975) was a British Army officer and an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.
The Mannerheim Line (Mannerheim-linja, Mannerheimlinjen) was a defensive fortification line on the Karelian Isthmus built by Finland against the Soviet Union.
Marcel Déat (7 March 1894 – 5 January 1955) was a French socialist politician until 1933, when he initiated a spin-off from the French Section of the Workers' International (SFIO) along with other right-wing 'Neosocialists'.
The Marching Regiment (Régiment de Marche) of the French Foreign Legion (RMLE) was a French military unit that fought in World War I and World War II.
The Marine Corps Martial Arts Program (MCMAP) is a combat system developed by the United States Marine Corps to combine existing and new hand-to-hand and close quarters combat techniques with morale and team-building functions and instruction in the Warrior Ethos.
Mark Hovell (21 March 1888 – 12 August 1916) was a lecturer in history at the Victoria University of Manchester and the Workers Educational Association.
Mark Wayne Clark (May 1, 1896 – April 17, 1984) was a United States Army officer who saw service during World War I, World War II, and the Korean War.
Mary Augusta Ward (née Arnold; 11 June 1851 – 24 March 1920) was a British novelist who wrote under her married name as Mrs Humphry Ward.
Mass graves in Celje were created in Celje, Slovenia, after the Second World War, from 1945 to 1956.
The Mauser 13 mm anti-tank rifle (Tankgewehr M1918, usually abbreviated T-Gewehr) is the world's first anti-tank rifle—the first rifle designed for the sole purpose of destroying armored targets—and the only anti-tank rifle to see service in World War I. Approximately 15,800 were produced.
Max Ferdinand Karl von Boehn (16 August 1850 − 18 February 1921) was a Prussian officer involved in the Franco-Prussian War and World War I. He held the rank of Generaloberst in World War I.
The railway cut of the Gettysburg Battlefield was the place of an 1863 military engagement during the first Day of the Battle of Gettysburg, near the Edward McPherson farmhouse.
Melvin Levin Krulewitch (11 November 1895 – 25 May 1978) was a major general of the United States Marine Corps Reserve who saw active service in both world wars and the Korean War.
The Memorial Museum Passchendaele 1917 in Zonnebeke is a Belgian museum devoted to the 1917 Battle of Passchendaele (also known as the Third Battle of Ypres), where in 1917 in only 100 days, almost 500,000 men were killed for only eight kilometers gain of ground.
Meuse is a department in northeast France, named after the River Meuse.
Michael J. Behe (born January 18, 1952) is an American biochemist, author, and advocate of the pseudoscientific principle of intelligent design (ID).
General Sir Miles Christopher Dempsey, (15 December 1896 – 5 June 1969) was a senior British Army officer who served in both world wars.
A military or armed force is a professional organization formally authorized by a sovereign state to use lethal or deadly force and weapons to support the interests of the state.
Military use of combat shotguns through the 20th century has created a need for ammunition maximizing the combat effectiveness of such weapons within the limitations of international law.
The military history of Australia spans the nation's 230-year modern history, from the early Australian frontier wars between Aboriginals and Europeans to the ongoing conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan in the early 21st century.
In Australia, the outbreak of World War I was greeted with considerable enthusiasm.
I found the two German commanders documents of 1920 during the digging land in ukraine contact number 00380638775589 While German-speaking people have a long history, Germany as a nation state dates only from 1871.
This article is about Italian military operations in World War I. Although member of the Triple Alliance, the Kingdom of Italy did not join the Central Powers, the German Empire and the Empire of Austria-Hungary, when the war started on 28 July 1914.
The military history of the Soviet Union began in the days following the 1917 October Revolution that brought the Bolsheviks to power.
The military history of the United States spans a period of over two centuries.
Military logistics is the discipline of planning and carrying out the movement and maintenance of military forces.
The Military Order of the Cootie (officially known as the Military Order of the Cootie of the United States) is a national honor degree membership association separately constituted as a subordinate and as an auxiliary order chartered by the Veterans of Foreign Wars of the United States (VFW).
Military science is the study of military processes, institutions, and behavior, along with the study of warfare, and the theory and application of organized coercive force.
Military strategy is a set of ideas implemented by military organizations to pursue desired strategic goals.
Minefields in Croatia cover of territory.
The Minerva was a prominent Belgian luxury automobile manufactured from 1902 until 1938.
The mines on the Italian Front during the First World War comprised a series of underground explosive charges of varying sizes, secretly planted between 1916 and 1918 by Austro-Hungarian and Italian tunneling units beneath their enemy's lines along the Italian Front in the Dolomite section of the Alps.
Mino was the eighth ZDF-Weihnachtsserie (Christmas Series), and aired in 1986.
A mobile personnel shield is a type of bulletproof shield equipped with wheels.
Modernism is a philosophical movement that, along with cultural trends and changes, arose from wide-scale and far-reaching transformations in Western society during the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
Modernist poetry in English started in the early years of the 20th century with the appearance of the Imagists.
The Monmouthshire Regiment was an infantry regiment of the British Army and the Territorial Army.
General Sir Montagu George North Stopford (16 November 1892 – 10 March 1971) was a senior British Army officer who fought during both World War I and World War II.
Monte Cimone di Tonezza is a mountain of the Veneto, Italy.
Morning Heroes is a choral symphony by the English composer Arthur Bliss.
A mortar is usually a simple, lightweight, man portable, muzzle-loaded weapon, consisting of a smooth-bore metal tube fixed to a base plate (to absorb recoil) with a lightweight bipod mount.
The Mortier 280 mm TR de Schneider sur affût-chenilles St Chamond was a French self-propelled siege mortar designed during the First World War and used during the Second World War.
The Mortier de 220 mm L modèle 1880 was a French heavy mortar employed as siege artillery during the First world war.
The Mortier de 270 mm modèle 1885 was a French heavy mortar employed as siege artillery during the First world war.
The Mortier de 270 mm modèle 1889 sur affût G was a heavy mortar originally employed as coastal artillery and later converted to the siege artillery role.
The Motor Machine Gun Service (MMGS) was a unit of the British Army in the First World War, consisting of batteries of motorcycle/sidecar combinations carrying Vickers machine guns.
The MP 18 manufactured by Theodor Bergmann Abteilung Waffenbau was the first submachine gun used in combat.
General Muhammad Musa Khan Hazara (جنرل محمد موسی خان ہزارہ, جنرال محمد موسی خان هزاره) (1908 – 12 March 1991),, was a four-star rank army general, politician, and the Commander in Chief of Pakistan Army, serving under President Ayub Khan from 1958 until 1966.
On August 29, 1996, Janet Levine March (born February 20, 1963), a children's book illustrator in Forest Hills, Tennessee, United States, a suburb of Nashville, was reported missing to police by her husband and mother.
The Museum of World Treasures is a world history museum in Wichita, Kansas, United States.
The Mystery of Celtic Wood refers to the apparent disappearance without trace of 71 men of the 10th Battalion of the 1st Australian Division during a diversionary attack on German positions in Celtic Wood, near Passchendaele in West Flanders, during the Battle of Poelcappelle (9 October 1917) in the First World War.
Nakidka is a Russian radar-absorbent material (RAM) camouflage that "eliminates the use of precision-guided weapons" Nakidka reduces the infrared, thermal, and radar band signatures of an object.
Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana (April 15, 1822 – July 15, 1905) was a career U.S. Army officer who fought with distinction during the Mexican–American War and served as a general in the Union Army during the American Civil War.
Napoleon I, Emperor of the French, is recognized as one of the greatest commanders in military history.
Nebesa (German: Himmelreich, formerly Egrisch Reuth) is a small village in Karlovy Vary Region, Czech Republic.
General Sir Neil Methuen Ritchie, (29 July 1897 – 11 December 1983) was a British Army officer who saw service during both the world wars.
Nels T. Wold (December 24, 1895 – September 26, 1918) was a United States Army soldier and a recipient of the United States military's highest decoration—the Medal of Honor—for his actions in World War I.
The New Zealand Mounted Rifles Brigade was a brigade of the New Zealand Army during the First World War.
The New Zealand Wars were a series of armed conflicts that took place in New Zealand from 1845 to 1872 between the New Zealand government and the Māori.
The Newton 6-inch mortar was the standard British medium mortar in World War I from early 1917 onwards.
Night attack formation refers to the arrangement of soldiers in advancing in attack at night.
Mykola Oleksandrovich Shchors (Микола Олександрович Щорс.; – 30 August 1919) was a Red Army commander, member of the Russian Communist Party, renowned for his personal courage during the Russian Civil War and sometimes being called the Ukrainian Chapayev.
No Hunting is a 1955 American animated short film produced by Walt Disney Productions and released by RKO Radio Pictures.
No man's land is land that is unoccupied or is under dispute between parties who leave it unoccupied due to fear or uncertainty.
The grenade, hand No.
Norbert Casteret (19 August 1897 – 20 July 1987) was a famous French caver, adventurer and writer, and is one of the most recognisable names in caving worldwide.
Norman F. Ellison (1893 – 1976) was an English radio presenter and author who made radio programmes about nature and the countryside for the BBC's Children's Hour, under the pseudonym Nomad the Naturalist, and wrote on the same subjects both as Nomad and in his own name.
The North Somerset Yeomanry was a regiment of the British Army from 1798 to 1967.
The Norwegian Campaign (9 April to 10 June 1940) was fought in Norway between Norway, the Allies and Germany in World War II after the latter's invasion of the country.
Oakley is a village and civil parish in Aylesbury Vale district in Buckinghamshire, England.
Obice da 305/17 modello 16 was an Italian howitzer (sometimes classified as mortar) used during World War I. Produced by the Armstrong works in Italy between 1914 and 1917, about 30 pieces (possibly even 44) were built.
An observation post (commonly abbreviated OP), temporary or fixed, is a position from which soldiers can watch enemy movements, to warn of approaching soldiers (such as in trench warfare), or to direct artillery fire.
The Obusier de 120 mm C modèle 1890 - was a French howitzer designed by Captain Louis Henry Auguste Baquet and employed by the French army during the First World War.
The Obusier de 155 mm C modèle 1881 - was a French howitzer designed by Colonel Charles Ragon de Bang and employed by the French army during the First World War.
The Obusier de 155 mm C modèle 1890 - was a French howitzer designed by Captain Louis Henry Auguste Baquet and employed by the French army during the First World War.
The Obusier de 370 modèle 1915 was a French Railroad Gun that saw action during the First World War and Second World Wars.
The Obusier de 400 Modèle 1915/1916 were French Railroad Howitzers that saw action during the First World War and Second World Wars. The mle 1915/1916 was the largest caliber Railroad Howitzers in service with the French Army during the First World War.
Oceanic trenches are topographic depressions of the sea floor, relatively narrow in width, but very long.
Lieutenant General Sir Oliver William Hargreaves Leese, 3rd Baronet, (27 October 1894 – 22 January 1978) was a senior British Army officer who saw distinguished active service during both the world wars.
Major-General Sir Oliver Stewart Wood Nugent (9 November 1860 – 31 May 1926) was a British Army officer known for his command of the 36th (Ulster) Division during the First World War and particularly at the Battle of the Somme.
On The False Earths is volume seven in the French comic book (or bande dessinée) science fiction series Valérian and Laureline created by writer Pierre Christin and artist Jean-Claude Mézières.
Operation Rajiv was an Indian Army operation to capture the highest peak in the Siachen area in 1987.
Germany and Poland were the main opposing forces in the Polish September Campaign.
Optimal virulence is a concept relating to the ecology of hosts and parasites.
The Ordnance QF 13-pounder (quick-firing) field gun was the standard equipment of the British and Canadian Royal Horse Artillery at the outbreak of World War I.
Sir Francis Osbert Sacheverell Sitwell, 5th Baronet (6 December 1892 – 4 May 1969) was an English writer.
Oswald Boelcke (19 May 1891 – 28 October 1916) PLM was a German flying ace of the First World War credited with 40 victories; he was one of the most influential patrol leaders and tacticians of the early years of air combat.
Sir Oswald Ernald Mosley, 6th Baronet of Ancoats (16 November 1896 – 3 December 1980) was a British politician who rose to fame in the 1920s as a Member of Parliament and later in the 1930s became leader of the British Union of Fascists (BUF).
Otto Pittinger (born February 12, 1878 in Wörth an der Donau; died August, 1926 in Munich) was a Bavarian medical officer, politician and soldier.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to military science: Military science – study of the technique, psychology, practice and other phenomena which constitute war and armed conflict.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to war: War – organised and often prolonged armed conflict that is carried out by states and/or non-state actors – is characterised by extreme violence, social disruption, and economic destruction.
Over the top may refer to.
Over The Top is a 1918 oil-on-canvas painting by John Nash.
In World War I, the small commune of Ovillers-la-Boisselle, located some north-east of Amiens in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France, was the site of intense and sustained fighting between German and Allied forces.
The Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry was a light infantry regiment of the British Army that existed from 1881 until 1958, serving in the Second Boer War, World War I and World War II.
Patrick McGuire (1889 – 12 October 1916) was an English professional football full back who played in the Football League for Manchester City.
Papaver rhoeas (common names include common poppy, corn poppy, corn rose, field poppy, Flanders poppy or red poppy) is an annual herbaceous species of flowering plant in the poppy family, Papaveraceae.
Paths of Glory: The First World War, 1914–1918 is a strategy board wargame, designed in 1999 by the six-time Charles S. Roberts Awards winner Ted Raicer and published by GMT Games.
Paul Ranous Greever (September 28, 1891 – February 16, 1943) was a United States Representative from Wyoming.
Paul Theodor Uhlenhuth (7 January 1870 in Hanover – 13 December 1957 in Freiburg im Breisgau) was a German bacteriologist and immunologist, and Professor at the University of Strasbourg (1911–1918), at the University of Marburg (1918–1923) and at the University of Freiburg (1923–1936).
Pavlov's House (дом Павлова tr. Dom Pavlova) was a fortified apartment building which Red Army defenders held for 60 days against a heavy Wehrmacht offensive during the Battle of Stalingrad.
A periscope is an instrument for observation over, around or through an object, obstacle or condition that prevents direct line-of-sight observation from an observer's current position.
A periscope rifle is a rifle that has been adapted to enable it to be sighted by the use of a periscope.
Peter Arthur Barton (born 28 March 1955) is a British military historian, author and filmmaker specialising in trench warfare during World War I. He has published extensively on military mining and aspects of battlefield archaeology on the Western Front, and led archaeological excavations that have been featured in several Time Team episodes.
Petersburg is an independent city in the Commonwealth of Virginia in the United States.
The Peugeot armored car was a four wheeled armored vehicle based on a commercial Peugeot truck that was quickly developed by the French in 1914 for use in World War I.
Field Marshal Philip Walhouse Chetwode, 1st Baron Chetwode, 7th Baronet of Oakley, (21 September 1869 – 6 July 1950) was a senior British Army officer.
Lieutenant General Sir Philip Neame, (12 December 1888 – 28 April 1978) was a senior British Army officer and a recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces, and the winner of an Olympic Gold medal; he is the only person to achieve both distinctions.
Pierre Micha (6 March 1677 – 30 August 1706), better known as Pietro Micca, was a Sabaudian soldier who became a national hero for his sacrifice in the defence of Turin against the French troops.
The Pinerolo Mechanized Brigade is a mechanized infantry brigade of the Italian Army, based in the southern region of Apulia.
A pioneer is a soldier employed to perform engineering and construction tasks.
Plan 1919 was a military strategy drawn up by J.F.C. Fuller in 1918 during World War I. His plan criticised the practice of physically destroying the enemy, and instead called for tanks to rapidly advance into the enemy's rear area to destroy supply bases and lines of communication, which would also be bombed.
The Polish–Soviet war erupted in 1919 in the aftermath of World War I. The root causes were twofold: a territorial dispute dating back to Polish-Russian wars in the 17–18th centuries; and a clash of ideology due to USSR's goal of spreading communist rule further west, to Europe (Soviet westward offensive of 1918–19).
A poppy is a flowering plant in the subfamily Papaveroideae of the family Papaveraceae.
The presidency of Abraham Lincoln began on March 4, 1861, when he was inaugurated as the 16th President of the United States, and ended upon his assassination and death on April 15, 1865, days into his second term.
The Prison Notebooks (Quaderni del carcere) were a series of essays written by the Italian neo-Marxist Antonio Gramsci.
The Royal Prussian Army (Königlich Preußische Armee) served as the army of the Kingdom of Prussia.
The Ordnance QF 6-pounder 6 cwt Hotchkiss Mk I and Mk II was a shortened version of the original QF 6 pounder Hotchkiss naval gun, and was developed specifically for use in the sponsons of the later Marks of British tanks in World War I, from Mark IV onwards.
The Raid on Jifjafa (11–14 April 1916) was a long range pre-emptive operation by a composite formation of the British Empire against Ottoman Turkish Empire forces at the Jifjafa well in the Sinai Desert.
Random Harvest is a 1942 film based on the 1941 James Hilton novel of the same name, directed by Mervyn LeRoy.
Ray Lawrence (born August 19, 1927) is a former bandleader, record company executive, record producer and personal manager.
Development of Red Army tactics begun during the Russian Civil War, and are still a subject of study within Russian military academies today.
Regeneration is a historical and anti-war novel by Pat Barker, first published in 1991.
Reinhard Sorge (29 January 1892, Berlin, German Empire – 20 July 1916, Ablaincourt, France) was a German dramatist and poet.
René Beeh (January 1886 − 23 January 1922) was a German draughtsman and painter from Alsace.
Resplendent is an English language science fiction collection by British writer Stephen Baxter, published in 2006.
Lieutenant General Sir Richard Ernest William Turner, (25 July 1871 – 19 June 1961) was a senior Canadian Army officer who served during the Second Boer War and the First World War, and was a recipient of the Victoria Cross.
General Sir Richard Loudon McCreery (1 February 1898 – 18 October 1967), was a career soldier of the British Army, who was decorated for leading one of the last cavalry actions in the First World War.
A rifle is a portable long-barrelled firearm designed for precision shooting, to be held with both hands and braced against the shoulder for stability during firing, and with a barrel that has a helical pattern of grooves ("rifling") cut into the bore walls.
A rifle grenade is a grenade that uses a rifle-based launcher to permit a longer effective range than would be possible if the grenade was thrown by hand.
Robert Edward Lee (January 19, 1807 – October 12, 1870) was an American and Confederate soldier, best known as a commander of the Confederate States Army.
A rocket-propelled grenade (often abbreviated RPG) is a shoulder-fired anti-tank weapon system that fires rockets equipped with an explosive warhead.
Roclincourt is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in northern France.
Rodion Yakovlevich Malinovsky (Родио́н Я́ковлевич Малино́вский; – 31 March 1967) was a Soviet military commander in World War II, Marshal of the Soviet Union, and Defense Minister of the Soviet Union in the late 1950s and 1960s.
The Rolls-Royce Armoured Car was a British armoured car developed in 1914 and used during the First World War, the inter-war period in Imperial Air Control in Transjordan, Palestine and Mesopotamia, and in the early stages of the Second World War in the Middle East and North Africa.
The Kingdom of Romania was neutral for the first two years of World War I, entering on the side of the Allied powers from 27 August 1916 until Central Power occupation led to the Treaty of Bucharest in May 1918, before reentering the war on 10 November 1918. It had the only oil fields in Europe, and Germany eagerly bought its petroleum, as well as food exports. King Carol favored Germany but after his death in 1914, King Ferdinand and the nation's political elite favored the Entente. For Romania, the highest priority was taking Transylvania from Hungary, with its 3,000,000 Romanians. The Allies wanted Romania to join its side in order to cut the rail communications between Germany and Turkey, and to cut off Germany's oil supplies. Britain made loans, France sent a military training mission, and Russia promised modern munitions. The Allies promised at least 200,000 soldiers to defend Romania against Bulgaria to the south, and help it invade Austria. The Romanian campaign was part of the Balkan theatre of World War I, with Romania and Russia allied with Britain and France against the Central Powers of Germany, Austria, and Turkey. Fighting took place from August 1916 to December 1917 across most of present-day Romania, including Transylvania, which was part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire at the time, as well as in southern Dobruja, which is currently part of Bulgaria. Despite initial successes, the Romanian forces (aided by Russia) suffered massive setbacks, and by the end of 1916 only Moldavia remained. After several defensive victories in 1917, with Russia's withdrawal from the war following the October Revolution, Romania, almost completely surrounded by the Central Powers, was also forced to drop out of the war; it signed the Treaty of Bucharest with the Central Powers in May 1918. On 10 November 1918, just one day before the German armistice and after all the other Central Powers had already capitulated, Romania re-entered the war after the successful Allied advances on the Macedonian Front.
Major General Sir (William) Ronald (Campbell) Penney KBE CB DSO MC (16 May 1896 – 3 December 1964) was a British Army officer who fought in both World War I and World War II.
The Ross rifle was a straight-pull bolt action.303 inch-calibre rifle produced in Canada from 1903 until 1918. The Ross Mk.II (or "model 1905") rifle was highly successful in target shooting before World War I, but the close chamber tolerances, lack of primary extraction and overall length made the Mk.III (or "1910") Ross rifle unsuitable for the conditions of trench warfare, exacerbated by the often poor quality ammunition issued. By 1916, the rifle had been withdrawn from front line service, but continued to be used by many snipers of the Canadian Expeditionary Force until the end of the war due to its exceptional accuracy. The Ross Rifle Co. made sporting rifles from early in its production, most notably chambered in.280 Ross, introduced in 1907. This cartridge is recorded as the first to achieve over 3000 feet per second velocity, and the cartridge acquired a very considerable international reputation among target shooters and hunters.
The Royal Australian Navy Bridging Train was a unique unit of the Royal Australian Navy.
The Royal Berkshire Regiment (Princess Charlotte of Wales's) was a line infantry regiment of the British Army in existence from 1881 until 1959.
The Royal Munster Fusiliers was a regular infantry regiment of the British Army.
The Royal Newfoundland Regiment (R NFLD R) is a Primary Reserve infantry regiment of the Canadian Army.
The Royal Wiltshire Yeomanry (RWY) was a Yeomanry regiment of the Kingdom of Great Britain and the United Kingdom established in 1794.
A runner was a military courier, a foot soldier responsible for carrying messages during war.
The Russo–Japanese War (Russko-yaponskaya voina; Nichirosensō; 1904–05) was fought between the Russian Empire and the Empire of Japan over rival imperial ambitions in Manchuria and Korea.
Ryan's Daughter is a 1970 British epic romantic drama film directed by David Lean.
Salad Fingers is a British flash animation internet series created by David Firth in July 2004.
A salient, also known as a bulge, is a battlefield feature that projects into enemy territory.
The Salpa Line (Salpalinja, literally Bolt-line; Salpalinjen), or its official name, Suomen Salpa (Finland's Bolt), is a bunker line on the eastern border of Finland.
Samuel Calvin Cumming (October 14, 1895 – January 14, 1983) was a highly decorated officer of the United States Marine Corps with the rank of major general.
The Sanctuary Wood Museum Hill 62, east of Ypres, Belgium is a private museum located in the neighbourhood of the Canadian Hill 62 Memorial and the Sanctuary Wood Cemetery.
A sangar (or sanger) (سنگر) is a temporary fortified position with a breastwork originally constructed of stones, and now built of sandbags and similar materials.
A sapper, also called pioneer or combat engineer, is a combatant or soldier who performs a variety of military engineering duties such as breaching fortifications, demolitions, bridge-building, laying or clearing minefields, preparing field defenses as well as building, and working on road and airfield construction and repair.
The Arbalète sauterelle type A, or simply Sauterelle (French for grasshopper), was a bomb-throwing crossbow used by French and British forces on the Western Front during World War I. It was designed to throw a hand grenade in a high trajectory into enemy trenches.
The, also known as the, was a fulltrack engineering vehicle of the Imperial Japanese Army (IJA) introduced in 1931.
The Schlieffen Plan (Schlieffen-Plan) was the name given after World War I to the thinking behind the German invasion of France and Belgium on 4 August 1914.
The Schneider CA 1 (originally named the Schneider CA) was the first French tank, developed during the First World War.
Schwerer Gustav (English: Heavy Gustaf) was a German 80 cm (31.5 in.) railway gun.
A screw picket is a metal device which is used to secure objects to the ground.
The American Civil War took place between 1861 and 1865, after which the Union was preserved.
The Second Battle of Ream's Station (also Reams or Reams's) was fought during the Siege of Petersburg in the American Civil War on August 25, 1864, in Dinwiddie County, Virginia.
The Second Battle of the Piave River, fought between 15 and 23 June 1918, was a decisive victory for the Italian Army against the Austro-Hungarian Empire during World War I. Though the battle proved to be a decisive blow to the Austro-Hungarian Empire and by extension the Central Powers, its full significance was not initially appreciated in Italy.
During World War I, the Second Battle of Ypres was fought from for control of the strategic Flemish town of Ypres in western Belgium after the First Battle of Ypres the previous autumn.
Sheila Legge (née Chetwynd Inglis; c. 1911 – 5 January 1949) was a Surrealist performance artist.
The Sherbrooke War Memorial is a cenotaph erected in 1926, on King Street, in Sherbrooke, Quebec, to commemorate Sherbrooke residents who fought in World War I. This piece of cultural heritage has become emblematic of the city of Sherbrooke, which counts it among its ten main "points of interest".
Shlomo Heiman, (1892–1945) commonly known by the informal "Reb Shlomo", was a Rabbi, Talmudist, and Rosh Yeshiva of some of the most prominent yeshivas in Europe and the United States.
Shock tactics, shock tactic or shock attack is the name of an offensive maneuver which attempts to place the enemy under psychological pressure by a rapid and fully committed advance with the aim of causing their combatants to retreat.
Shock troops or assault troops are formations created to lead an attack.
A shotgun (also known as a scattergun, or historically as a fowling piece) is a firearm that is usually designed to be fired from the shoulder, which uses the energy of a fixed shell to fire a number of small spherical pellets called shot, or a solid projectile called a slug.
Shrapnel shells were anti-personnel artillery munitions which carried a large number of individual bullets close to the target and then ejected them to allow them to continue along the shell's trajectory and strike the target individually.
The Shropshire Yeomanry was a yeomanry regiment of the British Army, first raised in 1795, which served as a cavalry and dismounted infantry regiment in the First World War and as a cavalry and an artillery regiment in the Second World War.
A siege is a military blockade of a city, or fortress, with the intent of conquering by attrition, or a well-prepared assault.
The Siege of Grol in 1627 was a battle between the Army of the Dutch Republic commanded by Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange and the Spanish controlled fortified city of Grol (now known as Groenlo), during the Eighty Years War and the Anglo–Spanish War in 1627.
The Siege of Haguenau (27 September 1705 – 5 October 1705) was a siege of the War of the Spanish Succession.
The Siege of Mafeking was a 217-day siege battle for the town of Mafeking (now called Mahikeng) in South Africa during the Second Boer War from October 1899 to May 1900.
The Richmond–Petersburg Campaign was a series of battles around Petersburg, Virginia, fought from June 9, 1864, to March 25, 1865, during the American Civil War.
The Siege of Port Arthur (旅順攻囲戦, Ryojun Kōisen; Оборона Порт-Артура, Oborona Port-Artura, August 1, 1904 – January 2, 1905), the deep-water port and Russian naval base at the tip of the Liaodong Peninsula in Manchuria, was the longest and most violent land battle of the Russo-Japanese War.
The Siege of Schenkenschans (30 July 1635 – 30 April 1636) was a major siege of the Eighty Years' War.
The Siege of Sevastopol (at the time called in English the Siege of Sebastopol) lasted from September 1854 until September 1855, during the Crimean War.
The Siege of Zoutleeuw or the Siege of Léau (29 August 1705 – 5 September 1705) was a siege of the War of the Spanish Succession.
A signal lamp (sometimes called an Aldis lamp, after Arthur Cyril Webb Aldis who invented a widely used design, or a Morse lamp) is a visual signaling device for optical communication, typically using Morse code.
Simon Evans (10 August 1895 – 9 August 1940), a postman with the GPO (now Royal Mail) for much of his short life, also developed a reputation in the 1930s as a writer and broadcaster on country life, particularly in and around rural South Shropshire.
The Singapore Combat Engineers (SCE) is one of the combat arms of the Singapore Army.
The Skeleton Tank was an experimental prototype tank built in 1918 by the Pioneer Tractor Company, Winona, Minnesota for $15,000 ($ in). Prototype was ready for trials by October of 1918.
Slade Green is a locality in the London Borough of Bexley in Greater London, east-southeast of Charing Cross.
Small unit tactics is the application of army military doctrine for the combat deployment of platoons and smaller units in a particular strategic and logistic environment.
The Somerset Light Infantry (Prince Albert's) was a light infantry infantry regiment of the British Army, which served under various titles from 1685 to 1959.
The Souain corporals affair was an incident where four corporals in the French Army were shot by firing squad as an example to the rest of their companies during the First World War.
The Souain experiment was a French military experiment using a Baby Holt Caterpillar, in the former battlefield of Souain, in northeastern France, on 9 December 1915.
When the United Kingdom declared war on Germany at the start of World War I in August 1914, settler society in Southern Rhodesia, then administered by the British South Africa Company, received the news with great patriotic enthusiasm.
The Southern Victory series or Timeline-191 are fan names given to a series of eleven alternate history novels by author Harry Turtledove, beginning with How Few Remain (1997) and published over a decade.
Spahis were light cavalry regiments of the French army recruited primarily from the indigenous populations of Algeria, Tunisia and Morocco.
Spanbroekmolen is a small group of farms in Heuvelland, a municipality located in the Belgian province of West Flanders.
A square division is a designation given to the way military divisions are organized.
St Catherine's Hill is a hill in the borough of Christchurch which, together with Ramsdown and Blackwater hills, forms a ridge between the Avon and Stour valleys.
A military staff (often referred to as general staff, army staff, navy staff, or air staff within the individual services) is a group of officers, enlisted and civilian personnel that are responsible for the administrative, operational and logistical needs of its unit.
Lieutenant General Stafford LeRoy Irwin (March 23, 1893 – November 23, 1955) was a senior United States Army officer who served in World War II.
Stahlhelm (plural Stahlhelme) is German for "steel helmet".
General Stanisław Maczek (31 March 1892 – 11 December 1994) was a Polish tank commander of World War II, whose division was instrumental in the Allied liberation of France, closing the Falaise pocket, resulting in the destruction of 14 German Wehrmacht and SS divisions.
Stanley Melbourne Bruce, 1st Viscount Bruce of Melbourne, (15 April 1883 – 25 August 1967) was the eighth Prime Minister of Australia, in office from 1923 to 1929.
Stanley Marshall Rinehart Jr. (1897–1969) was an American book publisher.
Starship Troopers 3: Marauder is a 2008 American military science fiction film written and directed by Edward Neumeier and starring Casper Van Dien who returned as Johnny Rico from the original film, along with Jolene Blalock and Boris Kodjoe.
Stephen William Van Evera (born 10 November 1948) is a professor of Political Science at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, specializing in International Relations.
The Steyr M1912, also known as the Steyr-Hahn, is a semi-automatic pistol developed in 1911 by the Austrian firm Steyr Mannlicher, based on the mechanism of the Roth–Steyr M1907.
Stig Herman Hästö (19 March 1918 — 14 September 1997) was a Finnish jurist, businessman and vuorineuvos.
"Stop the Cavalry" is a song written and performed by the English musician Jona Lewie, released in 1980 and now commonly heard as a Christmas song.
Storm of Steel (in German: In Stahlgewittern) is the memoir of German officer Ernst Jünger's experiences on the Western Front during the First World War.
Stormtroopers were specialist soldiers of the German Army in World War I. In the last years of the war, Stoßtruppen ("shock troops" or "thrust troops") were trained to fight with "infiltration tactics", part of the Germans' new method of attack on enemy trenches.
A stretcher, litter, or pram is an apparatus used for moving patients who require medical care.
A submachine gun (SMG) is a magazine-fed, automatic carbine designed to fire pistol cartridges.
Supreme Commander is a real-time strategy video game designed by Chris Taylor and developed by his company, Gas Powered Games.
During World War I and World War II, the Swiss Confederation maintained armed neutrality.
Ishapore 2A1 Lee–Enfield with P1907 sword bayonet A sword bayonet is any long, knife-bladed bayonet designed for mounting on a musket or rifle.
Sydney Walter Hoar (28 November 1895 – May 1967) was an English footballer.
The Syrmian Front (Sremski front, Сремски фронт) was an Axis line of defense during World War II.
More than 50 different modifications and experimental vehicles based on the T-26 light infantry tank chassis were developed in the USSR in the 1930s, with 23 modifications going into series production.
Take This to Your Grave is the debut studio album by American rock band Fall Out Boy.
A tank is an armoured fighting vehicle designed for front-line combat, with heavy firepower, strong armour, tracks and a powerful engine providing good battlefield maneuverability.
The tank destroyer battalion was a type of unit used by the United States Army during World War II.
A tankette is a tracked armoured fighting vehicle that resembles a small tank, roughly the size of a car.
This article deals with the history and development of tanks employed by the military of France from their first use in World War I, the interwar period, during World War II, the Cold War and modern era.
This article on military tanks deals with the history and development of tanks of the British Army from their first use in World War I, the interwar period, during World War II, the Cold War and modern era.
This article on military tanks deals with the history of tanks serving in the German Army from World War I, the interwar period, and the Panzers of the German Wehrmacht during World War II, the Cold War and modern times.
The development of tanks in World War I was a response to the stalemate that had developed on the Western Front.
Tatyana Nikolayevna Savicheva (Татья́на Никола́евна Са́вичева), commonly referred to as Tanya Savicheva (23 January 1930 – 1 July 1944) was a Russian child diarist who endured the Siege of Leningrad during World War II.
Technology during World War I (1914–1918) reflected a trend toward industrialism and the application of mass-production methods to weapons and to the technology of warfare in general.
Technology played a significant role in World War II.
Television in the United Kingdom started in 1936 as a public service which was free of advertising.
The Temple of Artemis is an Archaic Greek temple in Corfu, Greece, built in around 580 BC in the ancient city of Korkyra (or Corcyra), in what is known today as the suburb of Garitsa.
The Amazing Race 16 is the sixteenth installment of the American reality television show The Amazing Race.
The Battle of the Somme (US title, Kitchener's Great Army in the Battle of the Somme), is a 1916 British documentary and propaganda war film, shot by two official cinematographers, Geoffrey Malins and John McDowell.
The Big Parade is a 1925 American silent film directed by King Vidor, starring John Gilbert, Renée Adorée, Hobart Bosworth, Tom O'Brien, and Karl Dane.
The Black Dahlia (1987) is a crime fiction novel by American author James Ellroy.
The Duchess of Duke Street is a BBC television drama series set in London between 1900 and 1925.
The Edge of Evolution: The Search for the Limits of Darwinism is an intelligent design book by Discovery Institute fellow Michael Behe, published by the Free Press in 2007.
The Fear (La Peur) is a 2015 French war drama film directed by Damien Odoul.
The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse is a 1921 American silent epic war film produced by Metro Pictures Corporation and directed by Rex Ingram.
The Great War and Modern Memory is a book of literary criticism written by Paul Fussell and published in 1975 by Oxford University Press.
The Great War: American Front is the first alternate history novel in the Great War trilogy by Harry Turtledove.
The Guns of August (1962), also published as August 1914, is a volume of history by Barbara W. Tuchman.
The Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders of Canada is a Primary Reserve infantry regiment of the Canadian Army.
The Redbreast (Rødstrupe, 2000) is a crime novel by Norwegian writer Jo Nesbø, the third in the Harry Hole series (although the first in the series to be available in English).
The Unknown Soldier (Tuntematon sotilas) is a 2017 Finnish war drama independent film and the third adaption of the 1954 bestselling Finnish classic novel of the same name by Väinö Linna, a book considered part of national legacy.
The Unknown Soldier or Unknown Soldiers is a war novel by Finnish author Väinö Linna, considered his magnum opus.
The Years of Rice and Salt is an alternate history novel written by science fiction author Kim Stanley Robinson and published in 2002.
Theodor Bergmann (May 21, 1850 in Sailauf – March 23, 1931 in Gaggenau) was a German businessman and industrialist best remembered for the various revolutionary firearms his companies released.
The third attack on Anzac Cove (19 May 1915) was an engagement during the Gallipoli Campaign of the First World War.
The Thompson submachine gun is an American submachine gun, invented by John T. Thompson in 1918, that became infamous during the Prohibition era, becoming a signature weapon of various organized crime syndicates in the United States.
Tilstock Airfield is an airfield located in Shropshire, England.
This is a list of Time Team Special episodes, aired between 1997 and 2014.
Millennia: 1st BC1st–2nd3rd ---- Centuries: 7th BC6th BC5th BC4th BC3rd BC2nd BC1st BCSee alsoReferencesBibliographyExternal links.
Tom Swift and His War Tank, Or, Doing His Bit for Uncle Sam, is Volume 21 in the original Tom Swift novel series published by Grosset & Dunlap.
Thomas Patrick Magee (6 May 1899 – May 1974) was an English professional footballer who played as a wing half.
In structured finance, a tranche is one of a number of related securities offered as part of the same transaction.
The Transnistria War was an armed conflict that broke out in November 1990 in Dubăsari (Дубоссáры, Dubossary) between pro-Transnistria forces, including the Transnistrian Republican Guard, militia and Cossack units (which were supported by elements of the Russian 14th Army), and pro-Moldovan forces, including Moldovan troops and police.
A traverse in trench warfare is an adaptation to reduce casualties to defenders occupying a trench.
A trench is a narrow depression in the ground.
The trench boot, sometimes known as the "Pershing boot," was an American combat boot used in the latter stages of World War I, made for the cold mud of trench warfare.
Trench foot is a medical condition caused by prolonged exposure of the feet to damp, unsanitary, and cold conditions.
A Trench map shows trenches dug for use in war.
Trench raiding was a feature of trench warfare which developed during World War I. It was the practice of making small scale night-time surprise attacks on enemy positions.
Trench raiding clubs were homemade melee weapons used by both the Allies and the Central Powers during World War I. Clubs were used during nighttime trench raiding expeditions as a quiet and effective way of killing or wounding enemy soldiers.
Trench railways represented military adaptation of early 20th century railway technology to the problem of keeping soldiers supplied during the static trench warfare phase of World War I. The large concentrations of soldiers and artillery at the front lines required delivery of enormous quantities of food, ammunition and fortification construction materials where transport facilities had been destroyed.
A trencher is a piece of construction equipment used to dig trenches, especially for laying pipes or electrical cables, for installing drainage, or in preparation for trench warfare.
Truppenführung ("Handling of Combined-Arms Formations") was a German Army field manual published in 2 parts as Heeresdruckvorschrift 300: Part 1, promulgated in 1933, and Part 2 in 1934.
In transport, tunnels can be connected together to form a tunnel network.
Tunnel warfare is a general name for war being conducted in tunnels and other underground cavities.
Royal Engineer tunnelling companies were specialist units of the Corps of Royal Engineers within the British Army, formed to dig attacking tunnels under enemy lines during the First World War.
The were flamethrowers used by the Imperial Japanese Army and Imperial Japanese Navy's SNLF during the Second Sino-Japanese War and World War II.
The Experimental Medium Tank Chi-Ni (試製中戦車 チニ Shisei-chū-sensha chini) was a prototype Japanese medium tank.
Major General Ulysses Grant McAlexander (30 August 1864 – 18 September 1936) was an American officer who served in the United States Army.
Under Fire: The Story of a Squad (French: Le Feu: journal d'une escouade) by Henri Barbusse (December 1916), was one of the first novels about World War I to be published.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland was established by the Acts of Union 1800, which merged the kingdoms of Great Britain and Ireland.
The United States Army North is a formation of the United States Army Service Component Command of United States Northern Command.
The United States declared war on Germany on April 6, 1917, over 2 years after World War I started.
The U.S. Marine Raider stiletto was a stiletto and combat knife issued to the Marine Raiders and 1st Canadian Parachute Battalion during World War II.
The Viven-Bessières rifle grenade, named after its inventorsDictionnaire de la Grande Guerre 1914-1918, F. Cochet & R. Porte (dir.), pages 1062-1063.
Vibrate You is the debut studio album by King Adora.
The Vickers machine gun or Vickers gun is a name primarily used to refer to the water-cooled.303 British (7.7 mm) machine gun produced by Vickers Limited, originally for the British Army.
The Vickers Vimy was a British heavy bomber aircraft developed and manufactured by Vickers Limited.
On March 8, 1949, after the Élysée Accords, the State of Vietnam was recognized by France as an independent country ruled by Vietnamese Emperor Bảo Đại.
Vivian Sumner Simpson MC (1883 – 13 April 1918) was an English amateur football forward who played in the Football League for The Wednesday.
William Richard English-Murphy, DSO MC known as W.R.E. Murphy (1890–1975) was an Irish soldier and policeman.
Walter Schuck (30 July 1920 – 27 March 2015) was a German World War II fighter ace who served in the Luftwaffe from 1937 until the end of World War II.
War film is a film genre concerned with warfare, typically about naval, air, or land battles, with combat scenes central to the drama.
A war novel (military fiction) is a novel in which the primary action takes place on a battlefield, or in a civilian setting (or home front), where the characters are either preoccupied with the preparations for, suffering the effects of, or recovering from war.
Warfare 1917 is a strategy Flash game set during World War I, developed by programmer ConArtist and published by Armor Games.
Washington, D.C., during the American Civil War was a significant civilian leadership, military headquarters, and logistics center.
A watch is a timepiece intended to be carried or worn by a person.
The Wellington boot is a type of boot based upon leather Hessian boots.
Wells is a cathedral city and civil parish in the Mendip district of Somerset, on the southern edge of the Mendip Hills.
The West Spring Gun was a bomb-throwing catapult used by British, Canadian and Australian forces during World War I. It was designed to throw a hand grenade in a high trajectory into enemy trenches.
The Western Front was the main theatre of war during the First World War.
Westfront 1918 is a German war film, set mostly in the trenches of the Western Front during World War I. It was directed in 1930 by Georg Wilhelm Pabst, from the novel Vier von der Infanterie by Ernst Johannsen and shows the effect of the war on a group of infantrymen.
Wilfred Edward Salter Owen, MC (18 March 1893 – 4 November 1918) was an English poet and soldier.
Wilhelm Tolmé Runge (June 10, 1895 – June 9, 1987) was an electrical engineer and physicist who had a major involvement in developing radar systems in Germany.
William Bradford Turner (1892 – September 27, 1918) was a United States Army officer who received the U.S. military's highest decoration, the Medal of Honor, for his actions in World War I. Born in Boston, Massachusetts, Turner lived in Garden City, New York, and attended St. Paul's School there for one year.
William Jennings Gardner (January 23, 1884 – June 15, 1965) was an American football player, coach, and law-enforcement agent.
Lieutenant General Willis Dale Crittenberger (December 2, 1890 – August 4, 1980) was a senior officer of the United States Army.
The Wiltshire Regiment was a line infantry regiment of the British Army, formed in 1881 under the Childers Reforms by the amalgamation of the 62nd (Wiltshire) Regiment of Foot and the 99th Duke of Edinburgh's (Lanarkshire) Regiment of Foot.
The Winchester Model 1897, also known as the Model 97, M97, or Trench Gun, was a pump-action shotgun with an external hammer and tube magazine manufactured by the Winchester Repeating Arms Company.
The Winter War was a military conflict between the Soviet Union (USSR) and Finland.
In the military science of fortification, wire obstacles are defensive obstacles made from barbed wire, barbed tape or concertina wire.
Wiring parties, (or wiring sappers, cutters), were used during World War I on the Western Front as an offensive countermeasure against the enemy’s barbed wire obstacles.
Wolfram Freiherr von Richthofen (10 October 1895 – 12 July 1945) was a German field marshal of the Luftwaffe (German Air Force) during World War II.
World in Action is a British investigative current affairs programme, made by Granada Television for ITV from 7 January 1963 until 7 December 1998.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
The years of warfare were the backdrop for art which is now preserved and displayed in such institutions as the Imperial War Museum in London, the Canadian War Museum in Ottawa, and the Australian War Memorial in Canberra.
World War I memorials commemorate the events and the casualties of World War I. These war memorials include civic memorials, larger national monuments, war cemeteries, private memorials and a range of utilitarian designs such as halls and parks, dedicated to remembering those involved in the conflict.
The Ypres Salient is the area around Ypres in Belgium which was the scene of some of the biggest battles in World War I.
Zeng Guoquan (12 October 1824 – 13 November 1890), courtesy name Yuanfu, art name Shuchun, was a Chinese official and military leader of the late Qing dynasty.
The ZSU-57-2 Ob'yekt 500 is a Soviet self-propelled anti-aircraft gun (SPAAG), armed with two 57 mm autocannons.
The 1.59-inch Breech-Loading Vickers Q.F. Gun, Mk II was a British light artillery piece designed during World War I. Originally intended for use in trench warfare, it was instead tested for air-to-air and air-to-ground use by aircraft.
The 105th Infantry Regiment was an infantry regiment of the New York Army National Guard that saw combat in the American Civil War, World War I, and World War II.
The 107 mm divisional gun M1940 (M-60) (107-мм дивизионная пушка образца 1940 года (М-60)) was a Soviet artillery piece, developed in the late 1930s in order to provide Soviet divisional artillery with a powerful field and anti-tank gun.
The 10th Connecticut Regiment Infantry was one of Connecticut's most successful civil war regiments, compiling an exemplary record of service in the Union Army.
The 113th Brigade was an infantry brigade formation of the British Army active in both World War I and World War II.
The 125th (Lancashire Fusiliers) Brigade was an infantry brigade formation of the British Army that saw active service during both the First and Second World Wars.
The 126th (East Lancashire) Brigade was an infantry brigade of the British Army during the First World War and the Second World War.
The 127th (Manchester) Brigade was an infantry brigade of the British Army that saw active service during both the First and Second World Wars.
The 12th (Eastern) Division was an infantry division raised by the British Army during World War I from men volunteering for Kitchener's New Armies.
The 12th Armoured Infantry Brigade, formerly the 12th Mechanized Brigade, is a regular brigade of the British Army which has been in almost continuous existence since 1899 and now forms part of 3rd Mechanised Division.
The 139th (Sherwood Foresters) Brigade was an infantry brigade of the British Army that saw active service in World War I with the 46th (North Midland) Division.
The 144th Infantry Brigade was an infantry brigade of the British Army that saw active service in World War I and again in the early stages of World War II before being reduced to a reserve brigade and remained in the United Kingdom for the rest of the war.
The 147th Infantry Brigade was an infantry brigade of the British Army, part of the Territorial Force (Territorial Army after 1920), that served in both World War I and World War II with the 49th (West Riding) Infantry Division.
The 158th Infantry Brigade was an infantry brigade of the British Army that served in both World War I and World War II before being disbanded in 1968.
The East Midland Brigade was an infantry brigade of the Territorial Force, part of the British Army, that was raised in 1908.
The 167th (1st London) Brigade was an infantry formation of the British Territorial Army that saw active service in both the First and Second World Wars.
The 168th (2nd London) Brigade was an infantry brigade formation of the British Army that saw service during both World War I and World War II.
The 169th (3rd London) Brigade was an infantry brigade of the British Army that saw active service in both the First and the Second World Wars.
The 16th (Irish) Division was an infantry division of the British Army, raised for service during World War I. The division was a voluntary 'Service' formation of Lord Kitchener's New Armies, created in Ireland from the 'National Volunteers', initially in September 1914, after the outbreak of the Great War.
The 176th (2/1st Staffordshire) Brigade was an infantry brigade of the British Army that saw active service in the First World War on the Western Front and disbanded in 1919.
The 177th (2/1st Lincoln and Leicester) Brigade was an infantry brigade of the British Army that saw active service in the First World War as part of 59th (2nd North Midland) Division and fought again in the Second World War, now the 177th Infantry Brigade, with the 59th (Staffordshire) Infantry Division before being disbanded in August 1944.
The 177th Tunnelling Company was one of the tunnelling companies of the Royal Engineers created by the British Army during World War I. The tunnelling units were occupied in offensive and defensive mining involving the placing and maintaining of mines under enemy lines, as well as other underground work such as the construction of deep dugouts for troop accommodation, the digging of subways, saps (a narrow trench dug to approach enemy trenches), cable trenches and underground chambers for signals and medical services.
The 179th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment was an infantry regiment of the Union Army during the American Civil War.
The 17th (Northern) Division was an infantry division of the British Army, a Kitchener's Army formation raised during the Great War.
The 17th/21st Lancers was a cavalry regiment of the British Army.
The 184th (2nd South Midland) Brigade was an infantry brigade formation of the British Army raise for service in both World War I and World War II.
1920: America's Great War is an alternate history novel by Michigan economics professor Robert Conroy.
1971: Beyond Borders is a 2017 Indian war drama film written and directed by Major Ravi.
The 197th (2/1st Lancashire Fusiliers) Brigade was an infantry brigade formation of the British Army that saw distinguished active service in both the First and Second World Wars.
The 198th (2/1st East Lancashire) Brigade was an infantry brigade of the British Army that saw service during the Great War with the 66th (2nd East Lancashire) Division.
The 1st Canadian Division is an operational command and control formation of the Canadian Joint Operations Command, based at CFB Kingston.
The 2 inch medium trench mortar, also known as the 2-inch howitzer, and nicknamed the "toffee apple" or "plum pudding" mortar, was a British smooth bore muzzle loading (SBML) medium trench mortar in use in World War I from mid-1915 to mid-1917.
The 20th (Light) Division was an infantry division of the British Army, part of Kitchener's Army, raised in the First World War.
The 20th century was a century that began on January 1, 1901 and ended on December 31, 2000.
The 20th-century events include many notable events which occurred throughout the 20th century, which began on January 1, 1901, and ended on December 31, 2000, according to the Gregorian calendar.
The Mortier de 220 mm Tir Rapide modèle 1915/1916 Schneider or 220 mm TR mle 1915/1916 for short was a French Howitzer designed and produced during the First World War.
The 24th Division was an infantry division of the British Army during World War I, raised in September 1914 from men volunteering for Lord Kitchener's New Armies during the First World War.
The 29th Battalion was an infantry battalion of the Australian Army.
The 2nd Battalion (Eastern Ontario Regiment), Canadian Expeditionary Force was an infantry battalion of the Canadian Army created in response to outbreak of the First World War in August 1914.
The 2nd Marching Regiment of the 1st Foreign Regiment, (2e régiment de marche du 1er étranger, '''2e R.M. 1er R.E'''.) was a French Military unit of the Legion which formed the Marching Regiment of the Foreign Legion (R.M.L.E) and existed ephemerally from end of 1914 to 1915.
The 2nd Marching Regiment of the 2nd Foreign Regiment, (2e Régiment de Marche du 2e étranger, '''2eR.M. 2eR.E'''.) was a French Military unit in the Legion which formed the Marching Regiment of the Foreign Legion (R.M.L.E) and existed ephemerally from end of 1914 to 1915.
The 3.7 cm Infanteriegeschütz M.15 was an Austro-Hungarian cannon developed for use in the trenches during the First World War.
The 326th Infantry Regiment was an infantry regiment of the United States Army that saw active service during World War I, as part of the 82nd Division and fought in the Meuse-Argonne Offensive and was inactivated in 1919.
The 32nd Division was an infantry division of the British Army that was raised in 1914, during World War I. The division was raised from volunteers for Lord Kitchener's New Armies, that was originally made up of infantry battalions raised by public subscription or private patronage.
The United States 32nd Infantry Division was formed from Army National Guard units from Wisconsin and Michigan and fought primarily during World War I and World War II.
The 33rd Regiment Alabama Infantry was an infantry unit from Alabama that served in the Confederate States Army during the U.S. Civil War.
37-mm trench gun M1915 (Траншейная 37-мм пушка обр.) was a Russian battalion gun employed in World War I. With World War I switching into a trench warfare phase late in 1914, a need for a highly mobile artillery system to be used against enemy machine gun emplacements and other strongpoints became apparent.
The 38th (Welsh) Division (initially the 43rd Division, later the 38th (Welsh) Infantry Division and then the 38th Infantry (Reserve) Division) of the British Army was active during both the First and Second World Wars.
The 3rd Battalion, The Royal Australian Regiment (3 RAR) is an mechanised infantry battalion of the Australian Army, based in Townsville as part of the 3rd Brigade.
The 3rd Infantry Division (nicknamed "The Rock of the Marne)" is an Infantry division of the United States Army based at Fort Stewart, Georgia.
The 40th Infantry Division Slavonska was an infantry formation of the Royal Yugoslav Army that formed part of the Yugoslav 4th Army during the German-led Axis invasion of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia in April 1941.
The 42nd Infantry Division (42ID) ("Rainbow") is a division of the United States Army National Guard.
The 45th Infantry Division was an infantry division of the United States Army, part of the Oklahoma Army National Guard, from 1920 to 1968.
The 49th (West Riding) Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army.
The 4th Marching Regiment of the 1st Foreign Regiment, (4e régiment de marche du 1er étranger, '''4eR.M. 1erR.E'''.), also known as the Garibaldi Legion (« Légion Garibaldienne »), was a French Military unit of the Legion which formed the Marching Regiment of the Foreign Legion (R.M.L.E).
The 4th Tunisian Tirailleurs Regiment (4e Régiment de Tirailleurs Tunisiens, 4e RTT) was an infantry regiment of the Army of Africa, part of the French Army.
The 504th Infantry Regiment, originally the 504th Parachute Infantry Regiment (504th PIR), is an airborne forces regiment of the United States Army, part of the 82nd Airborne Division, with a long and distinguished history.
The 56th (London) Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army, which served under several different titles and designations.
The 58th Divisional Trench Mortar Brigade was a group ('Brigade' in contemporary Royal Artillery parlance) of mortar batteries formed within the British Army's 58th (2/1st London) Division during World War I. Manned by volunteers from the Royal Horse Artillery (RHA) and Royal Field Artillery (RFA) it provided short-range fire support as well as carrying out a variety of other trench warfare duties.
The 5th Battalion, South Lancashire Regiment, was a unit of the British Army's Reserve Forces first established in St Helens, Merseyside, in 1860.
The 5th Infantry Division was a regular army infantry division of the British Army.
The 5th United States Colored Infantry Regiment was an African American unit of the Union Army during the American Civil War.
The 6004th Air Intelligence Service Squadron was "the first covert (military intelligence) collection agency in the history of the United States Air Force".
The 61st Infantry Brigade was an infantry brigade of the British Army raised for active service in both World War I and World War II.
The 66th (2nd East Lancashire) Division was an infantry division of the British Army, part of the Territorial Force, which saw service in the trenches of the Western Front, during the later years of the Great War and was disbanded after the war.
The 68th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment served in the Union Army during the American Civil War.
The 69th Infantry Regiment is an infantry regiment of the United States Army.
The 6th Army (6.) was an army level command of the German Army in World War I. It was formed on mobilization in August 1914 from the IV Army Inspectorate.
The 6th United States Colored Infantry Regiment was an African American unit of the Union Army during the American Civil War.
The 7th Armored Division ("Lucky Seventh") was an armored division of the United States Army that saw distinguished service on the Western Front, from August 1944 until May 1945, during World War II.
The 7th Army was a Royal Yugoslav Army formation raised prior to the German-led Axis invasion of Yugoslavia in April 1941, during World War II.
The 7th Cavalry Brigade was a brigade of the United States Army, active from 1932 to 1940.
The 8th King's Royal Irish Hussars was a cavalry regiment in the British Army, first raised in 1693.
The 8th Mixed Brigade (8.ª Brigada Mixta) was a mixed brigade of the Spanish Republican Army in the Spanish Civil War.