788 relations: AASI Jetcruzer, Aérospatiale Corvette, Aérotrain, ACAE CJ-1000A, Acoustic liner, Adam A700, Adrian Lombard, AEDC Sea Level Test Cells, Aerion AS2, Aerion SBJ, Aermacchi M-345, Aero L-159 Alca, Aero L-39 Albatros, Aero L-39NG, Aero L-59 Super Albatros, Aeroflot Flight 7841, Afterburner, AFVG, AGM-129 ACM, AGM-84E Standoff Land Attack Missile, AGM-86 ALCM, Agricultural aircraft, AIDC AT-3, Air Florida Flight 90, Air France Flight 296, Air France Flight 447, Air-Cobot, Air-start system, Airbreathing jet engine, Airbus A300, Airbus A318, Airbus A320 family, Airbus A330, Airbus A330 MRTT, Airbus A340, Airbus A350 XWB, Airbus A380, Airbus Beluga, Airbus Defence and Space Spaceplane, Airbus E-Fan X, Aircraft, Aircraft engine, Aircraft engine starting, Aircraft maintenance, Aircraft noise, Airliner, Airplane, Airwolf (helicopter), Alan Arnold Griffith, ALAS (missile), ..., Alenia Aermacchi M-346 Master, Allison TF41, American Airlines Flight 1420, AMX International AMX, Anatoly 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The AASI Jetcruzer was an American single turboprop light civil transport made by Advanced Aerodynamics and Structures Inc.
The Aérospatiale SN 601 Corvette is a French business jet of the early 1970s developed and manufactured by aerospace manufacturer Aérospatiale.
The Aérotrain was a hovertrain developed in France from 1965 to 1977.
The AECC CJ-1000A (Chang Jiang-1000A/长江-1000A) is a high-bypass turbofan jet engine in development.
Aircraft engines, typically turbofans, use acoustic liners to damp engine noise.
The Adam A700 AdamJet was a proposed six-seat civil utility aircraft developed by Adam Aircraft Industries starting in 2003.
Adrian Albert "Lom" Lombard, CBE (19 January 1915 – 13 July 1967) was an English aeronautical engineer.
The AEDC Sea Level Test Cells, located at Arnold Engineering Development Complex, is a collection of test cells used to economically perform durability testing on large augmented turbine engines at near sea level conditions.
The Aerion AS2 is a supersonic business jet designed by Aerion Corporation in collaboration with Lockheed Martin.
The Aerion SBJ was a concept for a supersonic business jet, designed by Aerion Corporation, an American aerospace firm based in Reno, Nevada.
The Alenia Aermacchi M-345 (M-311 before 2012) is a turbofan-powered military trainer aircraft.
The Aero L-159 ALCA is a light subsonic attack jet and advanced trainer developed in the single-seat L-159A and two-seat L-159B versions respectively, produced in the Czech Republic by Aero Vodochody.
The Aero L-39 Albatros is a high-performance jet trainer developed in Czechoslovakia by Aero Vodochody.
The Aero L-39NG (Next Generation) is a turbofan-powered military trainer aircraft currently under development by Aero Vodochody.
The Aero L-59 Super Albatros is a Czech military jet trainer developed from the firm's earlier L-39 Albatros.
Aeroflot Flight 7841 was a scheduled Soviet domestic passenger flight from Minsk to Leningrad (now Saint Petersburg), which crashed on 1 February 1985 killing fifty eight people on board.
An afterburner (or a reheat) is a component present on some jet engines, mostly those used on military supersonic aircraft.
AFVG (standing for Anglo-French Variable Geometry) was a 1960s project for supersonic multi-role combat aircraft with a variable-geometry wing, jointly developed by British Aircraft Corporation in the United Kingdom and Dassault Aviation of France.
The AGM-129 ACM (Advanced Cruise Missile) was a low-observable, subsonic, turbofan-powered, air-launched cruise missile originally designed and built by General Dynamics and eventually acquired by Raytheon Missile Systems.
The AGM-86 ALCM is an American subsonic air-launched cruise missile (ALCM) built by Boeing and operated by the United States Air Force.
An agricultural aircraft is an aircraft that has been built or converted for agricultural use - usually aerial application of pesticides (crop dusting) or fertilizer (aerial topdressing); in these roles they are referred to as "crop dusters" or "top dressers".
The AIDC AT-3 Tzu Chung ("Self Reliance") is an advanced jet trainer operated by the Republic of China Air Force (ROCAF).
Air Florida Flight 90 was a scheduled U.S. domestic passenger flight operated by Air Florida from Washington National Airport to Fort Lauderdale–Hollywood International Airport with an intermediate stopover at Tampa International Airport.
Air France Flight 296 was a chartered flight of a new Airbus A320-111 operated by Air France.
Air France Flight 447 (AF447/AFR447) was a scheduled passenger international flight from Rio de Janeiro, Brazil to Paris, France, which crashed on 1 June 2009.
Air-Cobot (Aircraft Inspection enhanced by smaRt & Collaborative rOBOT) is a French research and development project of a wheeled collaborative mobile robot able to inspect aircraft during maintenance operations.
An air-start system is a power source used to provide the initial rotation to start large diesel and gas turbine engines.
An airbreathing jet engine (or ducted jet engine) is a jet engine propelled by a jet of hot exhaust gases formed from heated and expanded air that is drawn into the engine via a compressor, typically a centrifugal or axial type.
The Airbus A300 is a wide-body twin-engine jet airliner that was developed and manufactured by Airbus.
The Airbus A318 is the smallest member of the Airbus A320 family of short- to medium-range, narrow-body, commercial passenger twin-engine jet airliners manufactured by Airbus.
The Airbus A320 family consists of short- to medium-range, narrow-body, commercial passenger twin-engine jet airliners manufactured by Airbus.
The Airbus A330 is a medium- to long-range wide-body twin-engine jet airliner made by Airbus.
The Airbus A330 Multi Role Tanker Transport (MRTT) is an aerial refuelling tanker aircraft based on the civilian Airbus A330.
The Airbus A340 is a long-range, four-engine, wide-body commercial passenger jet airliner that was developed and produced by the European aerospace company Airbus.
The Airbus A350 XWB is a family of long-range, twin-engine wide-body jet airliners developed by European aerospace manufacturer Airbus.
The Airbus A380 is a double-deck, wide-body, four-engine jet airliner manufactured by multi-national manufacturer Airbus.
The Airbus A300-600ST (Super Transporter) or Beluga, is a version of the standard A300-600 wide-body airliner modified to carry aircraft parts and oversized cargo.
The Airbus Defence and Space Spaceplane, also called EADS Astrium TBN according to some sources, is a suborbital spaceplane concept for carrying space tourists, proposed by EADS Astrium (currently Airbus Defence and Space), the space subsidiary of the European consortium EADS (currently Airbus).
The Airbus/Rolls-Royce/Siemens E-Fan X is a hybrid-electric aircraft demonstrator being developed from a BAe 146 by a partnership of Airbus, Rolls-Royce plc and Siemens.
An aircraft is a machine that is able to fly by gaining support from the air.
An aircraft engine is the component of the propulsion system for an aircraft that generates mechanical power.
Many variations of aircraft engine starting have been used since the Wright brothers made their first powered flight in 1903.
Aircraft maintenance is the overhaul, repair, inspection or modification of an aircraft or aircraft component.
Aircraft noise is noise pollution produced by aircraft during the various phases of a flight.
An airliner is a type of aircraft for transporting passengers and air cargo.
An airplane or aeroplane (informally plane) is a powered, fixed-wing aircraft that is propelled forward by thrust from a jet engine, propeller or rocket engine.
Airwolf is the helicopter from the 1980s American eponymous television series.
Alan Arnold Griffith (13 June 1893 – 13 October 1963) was the son of Victorian science fiction author George Griffith and an English engineer.
ALAS (Advanced Light Attack System, АЛАС) is a Serbian long-range multipurpose wire guided missile system developed by the private company EdePro, which operates under the direction of the state-owned Yugoimport SDPR.
The Alenia Aermacchi M-346 Master is a military twin-engine transonic trainer aircraft.
The Allison TF41 (Company designations RB.168-62 and Model 912) is a low-bypass turbofan engine.
American Airlines Flight 1420 was a flight from Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport (DFW) to Little Rock National Airport in the United States.
The AMX International AMX is a ground-attack aircraft jointly developed by Brazil and Italy.
Anatoly Kvochur (p; born April 16, 1952), is a Russian aerobatics pilot, a test pilot, and a Hero of the Russian Federation.
The Antonov An-124 Ruslan (Антонов Ан-124 "Руслан") (NATO reporting name: Condor) is a strategic airlift jet aircraft.
The Antonov An-225 Mriya (Антонов Ан-225, lit, NATO reporting name: "Cossack") is a strategic airlift cargo aircraft that was designed by the Antonov Design Bureau in the Ukrainian SSR within the Soviet Union during the 1980s.
The Antonov An-71 (NATO reporting name: Madcap) was a Soviet AWACS aircraft intended for use with VVS-FA (Fighter Bomber) forces of the Soviet Air Force, developed from the An-72 transport.
The Antonov An-72 (NATO reporting name: Coaler) is a Soviet/Ukrainian transport aircraft, developed by Antonov.
The Antonov An-74 (NATO reporting name: Coaler) is a Soviet/Ukrainian transport aircraft, developed by Antonov.
Arkhip Mikhailovich Lyul'ka (Russian: Архи́п Миха́йлович Лю́лька, Ukrainian: Архип Михайлович Люлька) (1908–1984), was a Soviet scientist and designer of jet engines, head of the OKB Lyulka, member of the USSR Academy of Sciences.
The Armstrong Whitworth AW.681, also known as the Whitworth Gloster 681 or Hawker Siddeley HS.681, was a projected British long-range STOL military transport aircraft design of the early-1960s by Armstrong Whitworth Aircraft and was to be capable of development to VTOL performance.
Arthur Alexander Cecil Rubbra CBE (29 October 1903 – 24 November 1982) was an English engineer who designed many of Rolls-Royce's successful aero engines.
Asiana Airlines Flight 214 was a scheduled transpacific passenger flight from Incheon International Airport near Seoul, South Korea, to San Francisco International Airport in the United States.
The ATG Javelin was an American small high-speed personal jet that was developed by the Aviation Technology Group (ATG) prior to its bankruptcy.
The Aurora D8, also known as the D8 Airliner, is an airliner concept currently under development.
The Aviadvigatel PD-14 (previously known as PS-14) is a turbofan being developed by Aviadvigatel to power the Irkut MC-21 twin-jet airliner.
The Aviadvigatel PS-90 is a Russian high-bypass commercial turbofan rated at 16000 kgf (157 kN, 35,300 lbf) thrust.
Aviation fuel is a specialized type of petroleum-based fuel used to power aircraft.
Aviation Performance Solutions (APS) is an advanced aviation training company that instructs pilots of all experience levels in Upset Prevention and Recovery Training (UPRT).
The Avro Vulcan (later Hawker Siddeley Vulcan from July 1963) is a jet-powered tailless delta wing high-altitude strategic bomber, which was operated by the Royal Air Force (RAF) from 1956 until 1984.
An axial compressor is a compressor that can continuously pressurize gases.
An axial fan is a type of fan that causes gas to flow through it in an axial direction, parallel to the shaft about which the blades rotate.
Babur (Urdu: بابر; named after the first Mughal Emperor Zahir-ud-Din Babur), also designated Hatf VII, is a short range turbojet powered subsonic cruise missile that can be launched from land or mobile underwater platforms.
The British Aircraft Corporation One-Eleven, also known as the BAC-111 or BAC 1-11, is a British short-range jet airliner used during the 1960s and 1970s.
The BAC Two-Eleven and BAC Three-Eleven were pair of proposals for British airliners that were produced by the British Aircraft Corporation (BAC) during the late 1960s.
The BAE Systems Hawk is a British single-engine, jet-powered advanced trainer aircraft.
The BAE Systems Nimrod MRA4 was a planned maritime patrol and attack aircraft intended to replace the Hawker Siddeley Nimrod MR2.
The BAE Systems/Dassault Telemos was an unmanned military aircraft being jointly developed by BAE Systems and Dassault.
The Ball-Bartoe JW-1 Jetwing was a US research aircraft flown in the 1970s to investigate blown wing technology.
The Bartini Beriev VVA-14 Vertikal`no-Vzletayuschaya Amphibia (vertical take-off amphibious aircraft) was a wing-in-ground-effect aircraft developed in the Soviet Union during the 1970s.
The Beechcraft Premier I is a light business jet aircraft manufactured by the Beechcraft division of Hawker Beechcraft.
The Beriev A-100 is a Russian-built airborne early warning and control (AWACS) aircraft based on the Il-76MD-90A transport aircraft.
The Beriev A-40 Albatros (also Be-42, NATO reporting name: Mermaid) was a jet-engined amphibious flying boat designed by the Beriev Aircraft Company for the anti-submarine warfare role.
The Beriev Be-200 Altair (Бериев Бе-200) is a multipurpose amphibious aircraft designed by the Beriev Aircraft Company and manufactured by Irkut.
The Ground Launched Cruise Missile, or GLCM, (officially designated BGM-109G Gryphon) was a ground-launched cruise missile developed by the United States Air Force in the last decade of the Cold War and destroyed under the INF Treaty.
William Powell Lear (June 26, 1902 – May 14, 1978) was an American inventor and businessman.
A biplane is a fixed-wing aircraft with two main wings stacked one above the other.
The Blackburn Buccaneer was a British carrier-borne attack aircraft designed in the 1950s for the Royal Navy (RN).
Blend4Web is an open source framework for creating and displaying interactive 3D computer graphics in web browsers.
Bloodhound SSC is a British supersonic land vehicle currently in development.
BOAC Flight 712 (callsign Speedbird 712) was a British Overseas Airways Corporation (BOAC) service operated by a Boeing 707-465 from London Heathrow Airport bound for Sydney via Zurich and Singapore.
The Boeing 707 is a mid-sized, long-range, narrow-body, four-engine jet airliner built by Boeing Commercial Airplanes from 1958 to 1979.
The Boeing 717 is a twin-engine, single-aisle jet airliner, developed for the 100-seat market.
The Boeing 720 is a four-engine narrow-body short- to medium-range passenger jet airliner.
The Boeing 727 is a midsized, narrow-body three-engined jet aircraft built by Boeing Commercial Airplanes from the early 1960s to 1984.
The Boeing 737 is a short- to medium-range twinjet narrow-body airliner developed and manufactured by Boeing Commercial Airplanes in the United States.
The Boeing 737 AEW&C is a twin-engine airborne early warning and control aircraft.
The Boeing 737 Classic refers to the -300/-400/-500 series of the Boeing 737.
The Boeing 747 is an American wide-body commercial jet airliner and cargo aircraft, often referred to by its original nickname, "Jumbo Jet".
The Boeing 747-8 is a wide-body jet airliner developed by Boeing Commercial Airplanes.
The Boeing 757 is a mid-size, narrow-body twin-engine jet airliner that was designed and built by Boeing Commercial Airplanes.
The Boeing 767 is a mid- to large-size, mid- to long-range, wide-body twin-engine jet airliner built by Boeing Commercial Airplanes.
The Boeing 777 is a family of long-range wide-body twin-engine jet airliners developed and manufactured by Boeing Commercial Airplanes.
The Boeing 787 Dreamliner is an American long-haul, mid-size widebody, twin-engine jet airliner made by Boeing Commercial Airplanes.
The Boeing 7J7 was a short- to medium-range airliner proposed by American aircraft manufacturer Boeing in the 1980s.
The Boeing B-52 Stratofortress is an American long-range, subsonic, jet-powered strategic bomber.
The Boeing Bird of Prey was a black project aircraft, intended to demonstrate stealth technology.
The Boeing C-135 Stratolifter is a transport aircraft derived from the prototype Boeing 367-80 jet airliner (also the basis for the 707) in the early 1950s.
The Boeing C-17 Globemaster III is a large military transport aircraft.
The Boeing C-40 Clipper is a military version of the Boeing 737-700C airline transport.
The Boeing CC-137 is the designation for five Boeing 707-347C transport aircraft which served with the Canadian Forces from 1970 to 1997.
The Boeing E-4 Advanced Airborne Command Post, the current "Nightwatch" aircraft, is a strategic command and control military aircraft operated by the United States Air Force (USAF).
The Boeing E-6 Mercury (formerly E-6 Hermes) is an airborne command post and communications relay based on the Boeing 707-320.
The Boeing E-767 is an Airborne Warning and Control System (AWACS) aircraft.
The Boeing EA-18G Growler is an American carrier-based electronic warfare aircraft, a specialized version of the two-seat F/A-18F Super Hornet.
The Boeing F-15SE Silent Eagle is a proposed upgrade of the F-15E strike fighter by Boeing using stealth features, such as internal weapons carriage and radar-absorbent material.
The Boeing F/A-18E and F/A-18F Super Hornet are twin-engine, carrier-capable, multirole fighter aircraft variants based on the McDonnell Douglas F/A-18 Hornet.
The Boeing KC-135 Stratotanker is a military aerial refueling aircraft.
The Boeing KC-46 Pegasus is a military aerial refueling and strategic military transport aircraft developed by Boeing from its 767 jet airliner.
The Boeing KC-767 is a military aerial refueling and strategic transport aircraft developed from the Boeing 767-200ER.
The New Midsize Airplane (NMA) is an airliner concept by Boeing to fill the middle of the market segment.
The OC-135B Open Skies United States Air Force observation aircraft supports the Treaty on Open Skies.
The Boeing RC-1, short for "Resource Carrier 1", was a design for an enormous cargo aircraft intended to haul oil and minerals out of the northern reaches of Alaska and Canada where ice-free ports were not available.
The Boeing Skyfox is a twin-engined jet trainer aircraft, a highly upgraded development of the Lockheed T-33.
The Boeing/Saab T-X is an American/Swedish advanced pilot training aircraft being developed by Boeing Defense, Space & Security in partnership with Saab Group as an entry in the United States Air Force Advanced Pilot Training System (T-X) program to replace the Northrop T-38 Talon.
The Boeing VC-25 is a military version of the Boeing 747 airliner, modified for presidential transport and operated by the United States Air Force as Air Force One, the call sign of any U.S. Air Force aircraft carrying the President of the United States.
The Boeing X-32 was a concept demonstrator aircraft in the Joint Strike Fighter contest.
The Boeing X-45 unmanned combat air vehicle is a concept demonstrator for a next generation of completely autonomous military aircraft, developed by Boeing's Phantom Works.
The Boeing X-50A Dragonfly, formerly known as the Canard Rotor/Wing Demonstrator, was a VTOL rotor wing experimental unmanned aerial vehicle that was developed by Boeing and DARPA to demonstrate the principle that a helicopter's rotor could be stopped in flight and act as a fixed wing, enabling it to transition between fixed-wing and rotary-wing flight.
The Boeing YAL-1 Airborne Laser Testbed (formerly Airborne Laser) weapons system was a megawatt-class chemical oxygen iodine laser (COIL) mounted inside a modified Boeing 747-400F.
The Boeing YC-14 was a twin-engine short take-off and landing (STOL) tactical military transport aircraft.
Yellowstone is a Boeing Commercial Airplanes project to replace its entire civil aircraft portfolio with advanced technology aircraft.
The Bombardier Challenger 600 series is a family of business jets.
The Bombardier CRJ100 and CRJ200 (formerly known as the Canadair CRJ100 and CRJ200) are a family of regional airliners designed and manufactured by Bombardier.
The Bombardier Global Express is a large cabin, ultra long range business jet manufactured by Bombardier Aerospace in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Boom Technology is an American startup company designing a 55-passenger supersonic transport with of range, to be introduced in 2023.
Boryspil International Airport (Міжнародний аеропорт "Бориспіль") is an international airport in Boryspil, east of Kiev, the capital of Ukraine.
The Teledyne Ryan BQM-145 Peregrine (manufacturer designation Model 350) is a reconnaissance unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) developed in the United States in the 1990s as a joint U.S. Navy/Marine Corps and Air Force "Medium Range UAV" program, with the Navy developing the airframe and the Air Force providing the payload.
The Bristol Pegasus is a British nine-cylinder, single-row, air-cooled radial aero engine.
The Bristol Siddeley BS.100 was a British twin-spool, vectored thrust, turbofan aero engine that first ran in 1960.
The Bristol Siddeley Orpheus was a single-spool turbojet developed by Bristol Siddeley for various light fighter/trainer applications such as the Folland Gnat and the Fiat G.91.
The British Aerospace 125 is a twinjet mid-size business jet.
The British Aerospace 146 (also BAe 146) is a short-haul airliner and a regional airliner that was manufactured in the United Kingdom by British Aerospace, later part of BAE Systems.
The British Aerospace Harrier II was a second-generation vertical/short takeoff and landing (V/STOL) jet aircraft used previously by the Royal Air Force (RAF) and, between 2006 and 2010, the Royal Navy (RN).
The British Aerospace (BAe) P.1216 was a planned supersonic Advanced Short Take Off/Vertical Landing (ASTOVL) aircraft from the 1980s.
The British Aerospace Sea Harrier is a naval short take-off and vertical landing/vertical take-off and landing jet fighter, reconnaissance and attack aircraft; the second member of the Harrier Jump Jet family developed.
The British Aircraft Corporation (BAC) was a British aircraft manufacturer formed from the government-pressured merger of English Electric Aviation Ltd., Vickers-Armstrongs (Aircraft), the Bristol Aeroplane Company and Hunting Aircraft in 1960.
British Airtours (branded as British aırtours) was a British charter airline with flight operations out of London Gatwick and Manchester Airport.
British European Airways (BEA), formally British European Airways Corporation, was a British airline which existed from 1946 until 1974.
British Overseas Airways Corporation (BOAC) was the British state-owned airline created in 1940 by the merger of Imperial Airways and British Airways Ltd.
The Bundeswehr Technical and Airworthiness Center for Aircraft (Wehrtechnische Dienststelle für Luftfahrzeuge - Musterprüfwesen für Luftfahrtgerät der Bundeswehr) or (Wehrtechnische Dienststelle 61 (WTD 61)) is one of several testing centres of the German Armed Forces.
The Buran programme (Бура́н,, "Snowstorm" or "Blizzard"), also known as the "VKK Space Orbiter programme" ("VKK" is for Воздушно Космический Корабль, "Air Space Ship"), was a Soviet and later Russian reusable spacecraft project that began in 1974 at the Central Aerohydrodynamic Institute in Moscow and was formally suspended in 1993.
Elbert Leander "Burt" Rutan (born June 17, 1943) is a retired American aerospace engineer noted for his originality in designing light, strong, unusual-looking, energy-efficient aircraft.
A bypass duct is an annular passage that allows some of a turbofan's airflow to bypass the engine core, or gas generator.
The normal definition for the bypass ratio (BPR) of a turbofan engine is the ratio between the mass flow rate of the bypass stream to the mass flow rate entering the core.
The PAC JF-17 Thunder (جے ایف-١٧ گرج), or CAC FC-1 Xiaolong, is a lightweight, single-engine, multi-role combat aircraft developed jointly by the Pakistan Aeronautical Complex (PAC) and the Chengdu Aircraft Corporation (CAC) of China.
The Caproni Campini N.1, also known as the C.C.2, was an experimental jet aircraft built in the 1930s by Italian aircraft manufacturer Caproni.
The CASA C-101 Aviojet is a low-wing single engine jet-powered advanced trainer and light attack aircraft.
CASIC WJ series UAVs are Chinese UAVs developed by 3rd Academy Hiwing (or HW for short, 海鹰in Chinese) of China Aerospace Science and Industry Corporation (CASIC), and this academy is also more commonly known as HiWING Mechanical and Electrical Technology Corp, (海鹰机电技术研究院, the exact literal translation of its Chinese name is actually Sea Eagle Mechanical and Electrical Technology Research Academy) or HiWING for short.
Ceramic matrix composites (CMCs) are a subgroup of composite materials as well as a subgroup of ceramics.
The Cessna Citation Excel (Model 560XL) is a turbofan-powered, medium-sized business jet built by the Cessna Aircraft Company in Wichita, Kansas, United States.
The Cessna Citation is a market brand-name used by American manufacturer Cessna for its line of business jets.
The Cessna 500 Citation I, built by the Cessna Aircraft Company in Wichita, Kansas, is a small-sized business jet, the first turbofan powered.
The Cessna Citation II was the first of the Model 550 series of Citation jets, which are light corporate jet built by Cessna.
The Cessna Citation Mustang, Model 510, is a very light jet (VLJ) class business jet built by Cessna Aircraft Company at their Independence, Kansas production facility.
The Cessna Citation V (designated Model 560 by Cessna) is a turbofan-powered small-to-medium-sized business jet built by the Cessna Aircraft Company in Wichita, Kansas.
The Cessna Citation X is an American long-range medium-sized business jet aircraft.
The CFE738 is a small turbofan engine aimed at the business/commuter jet market manufactured by the CFE Company, and is used on the Dassault Falcon 2000.
The CFE Company is a joint venture established by GE Aviation and the Garrett Engine Division of Allied Signal (now Honeywell Aerospace) in June 1987.
CFM International is a joint venture between GE Aviation, a division of General Electric of the United States, and Safran Aircraft Engines (formerly known as Snecma), a division of Safran of France.
The CFM International CFM56 (U.S. military designation F108) series is a family of high-bypass turbofan aircraft engines made by CFM International (CFMI), with a thrust range of.
The CFM International LEAP is a high-bypass turbofan engine.
The Chengdu J-10 (simplified Chinese: 歼-10; traditional Chinese: 殲-10; NATO reporting name: Firebird is a lightweight multirole fighter aircraft capable of all-weather operation, configured with a delta wing and canard design, with fly-by-wire flight controls, and produced by the People's Republic of China's Chengdu Aircraft Corporation (CAC) for the People's Liberation Army Air Force (PLAAF).
The Chengdu J-20 is a single-seat, twinjet, all-weather, stealth fifth-generation fighter aircraft developed by China's Chengdu Aerospace Corporation for the People's Liberation Army Air Force (PLAAF).
Chengdu J-9 (Chinese: 歼-9) was a designation assigned to a Chinese interceptor aircraft that never progressed beyond initial studies.
Chevron may refer to:; Nature.
In aeronautics, chord refers to the imaginary straight line joining the leading and trailing edges of an aerofoil.
The CMC Leopard was a British light personal business jet developed in the 1980s.
The Coandă effect is the tendency of a fluid jet to stay attached to a convex surface.
The Collier Trophy is an annual aviation award administered by the U.S. National Aeronautic Association (NAA), presented to those who have made "the greatest achievement in aeronautics or astronautics in America, with respect to improving the performance, efficiency, and safety of air or space vehicles, the value of which has been thoroughly demonstrated by actual use during the preceding year." Robert J. Collier, publisher of Collier's Weekly magazine, was an air sports pioneer and president of the Aero Club of America.
The Comac C919 is a narrow-body twinjet airliner developed by Chinese aerospace manufacturer Comac.
A combustor is a component or area of a gas turbine, ramjet, or scramjet engine where combustion takes place.
The Comp Air Jet is an American eight-seat, low-wing, pressurized, tricycle undercarriage, turbofan-powered civil utility aircraft marketed by Comp Air for amateur construction.
A compressor is a mechanical device that increases the pressure of a gas by reducing its volume.
A compressor stall is a local disruption of the airflow in a gas turbine or turbocharger compressor.
The Aérospatiale/BAC Concorde is a British-French turbojet-powered supersonic passenger airliner that was operated from 1976 until 2003.
The Conroy Virtus was a proposed American large transport aircraft intended to transport the Space Shuttle.
Aircraft equipped with contra-rotating propellers, also referred to as CRP, coaxial contra-rotating propellers, or high-speed propellers, apply the maximum power of usually a single piston or turboprop engine to drive two coaxial propellers in contra-rotation (rotation about the same axis in opposite directions).
The Convair 990 Coronado is an American narrow-body four-engined jet airliner produced by the Convair division of General Dynamics, a stretched version of their earlier Convair 880 produced in response to a request from American Airlines.
The CRAIC CR929, formerly known as Comac C929 or, is a planned long-range 250-to-320-seat wide-body twinjet airliner family to be developed by China-Russia Commercial Aircraft International Corporation (CRAIC), a joint-venture between Chinese Comac and Russian United Aircraft Corporation (UAC), to challenge the Airbus and Boeing duopoly.
A cruise missile is a guided missile used against terrestrial targets that remains in the atmosphere and flies the major portion of its flight path at approximately constant speed.
Alfred Cyril Lovesey CBE, AFRAeS, was an English engineer who was a key figure in the development of the Rolls-Royce Merlin aero engine.
The Daimler-Benz DB 007, (RLM (Reichsluftfahrtministerium - Reich Air Ministry) designation ZTL 109-007, company designation ZTL6001), was an early German jet engine design stemming from design work carried out by Karl Leist from 1939.
The Daniel Guggenheim Medal is an American engineering award, established by Daniel and Harry Guggenheim.
The Dassault Falcon 20 is a French business jet developed and manufactured by Dassault Aviation.
The Dassault Falcon 2000 is a French business jet and a member of Dassault Aviation's Falcon business jet line, and is a twin-engine, slightly smaller development of the Falcon 900 trijet, with transcontinental range.
The Dassault Falcon 50 is a French super mid-sized, long-range business jet, featuring a trijet layout with an S-duct air intake for the central engine.
The Dassault Falcon 7X is a large-cabin, 5,950 nmi range business jet manufactured by Dassault Aviation, the largest of its Dassault Falcon line.
The Dassault Falcon 900 is a French-built corporate jet aircraft made by Dassault Aviation.
The Dassault Mercure is a twin-engined narrow-body jet-powered airliner developed and manufactured by French aircraft firm Dassault Aviation.
The Dassault Mirage 2000 is a French multirole, single-engine fourth-generation jet fighter manufactured by Dassault Aviation.
The Dassault Mirage 2000N is a variant of the Mirage 2000 designed for nuclear strike.
The Dassault Mirage 4000 (sometimes named the Super Mirage 4000) was a French prototype jet fighter aircraft developed by Dassault-Breguet from their Mirage 2000.
The Dassault Mirage G was a French two-seat twinjet variable-geometry prototype fighter, built by Dassault Aviation in the late 1960s.
The Dassault Mirage IIIV, also spelled Mirage III V, was a French vertical take-off and landing (VTOL) prototype fighter aircraft of the mid-1960s developed and produced by Dassault Aviation.
The Dassault Mirage IV was a French jet-propelled supersonic strategic bomber and deep-reconnaissance aircraft.
The Dassault Rafale (literally meaning "gust of wind", and "burst of fire" in a more military sense) is a French twin-engine, canard delta wing, multirole fighter aircraft designed and built by Dassault Aviation.
The Dassault/Dornier Alpha Jet is a light attack jet and advanced jet trainer co-manufactured by Dassault Aviation of France and Dornier Flugzeugwerke of Germany.
The DC-10 Air Tanker is a series of American wide-body jet air tankers, which have been in service as an aerial firefighting unit since 2006.
The de Havilland Canada DHC-5 Buffalo is a short takeoff and landing (STOL) utility transport turboprop aircraft developed from the earlier piston-powered DHC-4 Caribou.
The Diamond D-JET is a composite, five-seat, single-engine Very light jet developed by Austrian aircraft manufacturer Diamond Aircraft Industries.
The Dornier Do 31 was a West German experimental VTOL jet transport built by Dornier.
The Douglas A-4 Skyhawk is a single seat subsonic carrier-capable attack aircraft developed for the United States Navy and United States Marine Corps in the early 1950s.
The Douglas D-906 was a paper project for a heavy lift transport by the Douglas Aircraft Company.
The Douglas DC-8 (also known as the McDonnell Douglas DC-8) is an American four-engine long-range narrow-body jet airliner built from 1958 to 1972 by the Douglas Aircraft Company.
The Douglas F6D Missileer was a proposed carrier-based fleet defense fighter designed by Douglas Aircraft Company in response to a 1959 United States Navy requirement.
A ducted fan is a propulsion arrangement whereby a mechanical fan, which is a type of propeller, is mounted within a cylindrical shroud or duct.
The EADS Barracuda is a jet powered European unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) currently under development by EADS, intended for the role of aerial reconnaissance and also combat (UCAV).
The EADS/Northrop Grumman KC-45 was a proposed aerial refueling tanker aircraft based on the Airbus A330 MRTT.
On May 5, 1983, a Lockheed L-1011 TriStar, registration N334EA, operating as Eastern Air Lines Flight 855 en route from Miami International Airport to Nassau International Airport, experienced the loss of all three engines near Miami, Florida.
Eastern Airlines Flight 935 was a scheduled commercial passenger flight operated by Eastern Airlines.
The Eclipse 500 is a marketing name for the Eclipse Aerospace EA500, a small six-seat American business jet aircraft originally manufactured by Eclipse Aviation and later upgraded and sold by Eclipse Aerospace.
The ecoDemonstrator Program is a flight test research program of aircraft company Boeing, which has used a series of specially modified aircraft to develop and test aviation technologies designed to improve fuel economy and reduce the noise and ecological footprint of airliners.
The EFW N-20 Aiguillon (in) was Switzerland's first indigenous jet fighter aircraft.
An electrohydraulic servo valve (EHSV) is an electrically operated valve that controls how hydraulic fluid is sent to an actuator.
Elliot McKay See Jr. (July 23, 1927 February 28, 1966) was an American engineer, naval aviator, test pilot, and NASA astronaut.
The Embraer ERJ family is a series of twin-engine regional jets produced by Embraer, a Brazilian aerospace company.
The Embraer KC-390 is a medium-size, twin-engine jet-powered military transport aircraft under development by Brazilian aerospace manufacturer Embraer, able to perform aerial refuelling and to transport cargo and troops.
Energy conversion efficiency (η) is the ratio between the useful output of an energy conversion machine and the input, in energy terms.
The Energy Efficient Engine was a program funded by NASA in the 1970s to develop technologies suitable for energy efficient turbofans, its goal was to improve thrust specific fuel consumption by 12% compared to a GE CF6-50C.
An engine or motor is a machine designed to convert one form of energy into mechanical energy.
The Engine Alliance GP7000 is a turbofan jet engine manufactured by Engine Alliance, a joint venture between General Electric and Pratt & Whitney.
Engine power or horsepower is the maximum power that an engine can put out.
The engine pressure ratio (EPR) is the total pressure ratio across a jet engine, measured as the ratio of the total pressure at the exit of the propelling nozzle divided by the total pressure at the entry to the compressor.
The environmental impact of aviation occurs because aircraft engines emit heat, noise, particulates, and gases which contribute to climate change and global dimming.
The Eurofighter Typhoon is a twin-engine, canard-delta wing, multirole fighter.
The Eurojet EJ200 is a military 90 kN low bypass turbofan jet engine, used as the powerplant of the Eurofighter Typhoon.
The EWR VJ 101 was an experimental German jet fighter vertical takeoff/landing (VTOL) tiltjet aircraft.
In aviation, exhaust mixer is a feature of many turbofan engines, where the bypass (cold/slow) air is mixed with the core (hot/fast) exhaust gases, before exhausting to atmospheric pressure through a common (mixed flow) propelling nozzle.
The Fairchild 228 was a regional jet developed for the United States market by Fairchild Hiller using Fokker F28 sub-assemblies.
The Fairchild-Dornier 328JET is a commuter airliner, based upon the turboprop-powered Dornier 328.
The Fairchild Republic A-10 Thunderbolt II is a single-seat, twin turbofan engine, straight wing jet aircraft developed by Fairchild-Republic for the United States Air Force (USAF).
The Fairchild Swearingen Metroliner (previously the Swearingen Metro and later Fairchild Aerospace Metro) is a 19-seat, pressurized, twin-turboprop airliner first produced by Swearingen Aircraft and later by Fairchild at a plant in San Antonio, Texas, United States.
The Fairchild T-46 (nicknamed the "Eaglet") was an American light jet trainer aircraft of the 1980s.
The Fairey Gannet AEW.3 was a variant of the Fairey Gannet anti-submarine warfare aircraft intended to be used in the airborne early warning (AEW) role on aircraft carriers of the Royal Navy.
Fan or fans may refer to.
A fan disk is the part of a turbofan jet engine that contains the fan blades.
Flaris LAR01, also variously called the LAR 1 and LAR-1, is a Polish five-seat very light jet, currently under development by Metal-Master of Jelenia Góra.
The IA-63 Pampa is an advanced jet trainer with combat capability, produced in Argentina by Fabrica Militar de Aviones (FMA) with assistance from Dornier of Germany.
The FMA SAIA 90 was a cancelled air superiority fighter aircraft project, designed by the FMA (Fábrica Militar de Aviones) with the collaboration of Dornier in the mid-1980s.
The Focke-Wulf Fw 260 Flamingo and Focke-Wulf Fw 300 were a pair of related VTOL airliner projects, designed by Focke-Wulf during the early 1960s.
The Fokker 100 is a medium-sized, twin-turbofan jet airliner from Fokker, the largest such aircraft built by the company before its bankruptcy in 1996.
The Fokker 70 is a narrow-body, twin-engined, medium-range, turbofan regional airliner produced by Fokker as a smaller version of the Fokker 100.
The Foxjet ST600 was a small business jet under development in the United States in the late 1970s.
Air Commodore Sir Frank Whittle (1 June 1907 – 9 August 1996) was a British Royal Air Force air officer.
Fuel control unit is the generic term given to any of several types of control systems for gas turbine engines.
Future Strategic Tanker Aircraft (FSTA) is a British project to procure Airbus A330 Multi Role Tanker Transport aerial refuelling (AR) and air transport (AT) aircraft for the Royal Air Force, to replace elderly VC10s and TriStars.
Garrett AiResearch was a manufacturer of turboprop engines and turbochargers, and a pioneer in numerous aerospace technologies.
The Garrett ATF3 (US military designation F104) is a 3-spool turbofan engine developed at the California division of Garrett AiResearch.
The Garrett F109 (Company designation TFE109) was a small turbofan engine developed for the Fairchild T-46 by Garrett AiResearch.
The Garrett TFE731 (now Honeywell TFE731) is a family of geared turbofan engines commonly used on business jet aircraft.
A gas turbine, also called a combustion turbine, is a type of continuous combustion, internal combustion engine.
GE Aviation, a subsidiary of General Electric, is headquartered in Evendale, Ohio, outside Cincinnati.
The GE Honda HF120 is a small turbofan for the light business jet market, the first engine to be produced by GE Honda Aero Engines.
The geared turbofan is a more efficient type of turbofan aircraft engine.
The General Atomics Avenger (formerly Predator C) is a developmental unmanned combat air vehicle built by General Atomics Aeronautical Systems for the U.S. military.
The General Atomics MQ-9 Reaper (sometimes called Predator B) is an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) capable of remotely controlled or autonomous flight operations, developed by General Atomics Aeronautical Systems (GA-ASI) primarily for the United States Air Force (USAF).
The General Dynamics F-111 Aardvark was a supersonic, medium-range interdictor and tactical attack aircraft that also filled the roles of strategic nuclear bomber, aerial reconnaissance, and electronic-warfare aircraft in its various versions.
The General Dynamics F-111C (nicknamed "Pig") is a variant of the F-111 Aardvark medium-range interdictor and tactical strike aircraft, developed by General Dynamics to meet Australian requirements.
The General Dynamics F-111K was a planned variant of the General Dynamics F-111 Aardvark medium-range interdictor and tactical strike aircraft by General Dynamics, to meet a requirement for such an aircraft for the Royal Air Force.
The General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon is a single-engine supersonic multirole fighter aircraft originally developed by General Dynamics (now Lockheed Martin) for the United States Air Force (USAF).
A large number of variants of the General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon have been produced by General Dynamics, Lockheed Martin, and various licensed manufacturers.
The General Dynamics (now Lockheed Martin) F-16 VISTA ("Variable stability In-flight Simulator Test Aircraft") is an experimental aircraft, derived from the F-16 Fighting Falcon, which was modified as a joint venture between General Dynamics and Calspan for use by the USAF.
The General Dynamics F-16XL is a derivative of the F-16 Fighting Falcon, with a cranked-arrow delta wing.
The General Dynamics–Grumman EF-111A Raven is an electronic warfare aircraft designed to replace the B-66 Destroyer in the United States Air Force.
The General Dynamics/Grumman F-111B was a long-range carrier-based interceptor aircraft that was planned to be a follow-on to the F-4 Phantom II for the United States Navy (USN).
The General Electric CF34 is a civilian turbofan developed by GE Aircraft Engines from its TF34 military engine.
The General Electric CF6 is a family of high-bypass turbofan engines produced by GE Aviation.
The General Electric CF700 (military designation TF37) is an aft-fan turbofan development of the CJ610 turbojet.
The General Electric CJ805 is a jet engine which was developed by GE Aviation in the late 1950s.
The General Electric F101 is an afterburning turbofan jet engine.
The General Electric F110 is an afterburning turbofan jet engine produced by GE Aviation.
The General Electric F118 is a non-afterburning turbofan engine produced by GE Aviation, and is derived from the General Electric F110 afterburning turbofan.
The General Electric F404 and F412 are a family of afterburning turbofan engines in the class (static thrust).
The General Electric F414 is an afterburning turbofan engine in the 22,000-pound (98 kN) thrust class produced by GE Aviation.
The General Electric GE36 was an experimental aircraft engine, a hybrid between a turbofan and a turboprop, known as an Unducted Fan (UDF) or propfan.
The General Electric GE90 is a family of high-bypass turbofan aircraft engines built by GE Aviation for the Boeing 777, with thrust ratings from.
The General Electric GE9X is a high-bypass turbofan aircraft engine under development by GE Aviation for the Boeing 777X.
The General Electric GEnx (General Electric Next-generation) is an advanced dual rotor, axial flow, high-bypass turbofan jet engine in production by GE Aviation for the Boeing 787 and 747-8.
The General Electric J79 is an axial-flow turbojet engine built for use in a variety of fighter and bomber aircraft and a supersonic cruise missile.
The General Electric LM6000 is a turboshaft gas turbine.
The General Electric Passport is a turbofan developed by GE Aviation for large business jets.
The General Electric TF34 is a military turbofan engine used on the A-10 Thunderbolt II and S-3 Viking.
The General Electric TF39 is a high-bypass turbofan engine developed to power the Lockheed C-5 Galaxy.
General Electric has a long history, involving numerous mergers, acquisitions, and divestitures.
The General Electric YF120 was a variable cycle turbofan engine designed by GE Aircraft Engines in the late 1980s/early 1990s for the United States Air Force's Advanced Tactical Fighter (ATF) project (which resulted in the F-22 Raptor).
The General Electric YJ101 was an afterburning turbofan engine in the 15,000 lbf class (static thrust).
The General Electric/Rolls-Royce F136 was an advanced turbofan engine being developed by General Electric and Rolls-Royce plc for the Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II.
Geoffrey Light Wilde (21 May 1917 – 18 August 2007) was a British engineer and the designer of the Rolls-Royce RB211.
Gerhard Neumann (October 8, 1917 – November 2, 1997) was a German-American aviation engineer and executive for General Electric's aircraft engine division (which today is called GE Aviation).
Gol Transportes Aéreos Flight 1907 (ICAO: GLO 1907) was a Boeing 737-8EH, registration PR-GTD, on a scheduled domestic passenger flight from Manaus, Brazil, to Rio de Janeiro.
Gordon Manns Lewis CBE FREng (24 June 1924 – 4 October 2010) was a British aeronautical engineer who made significant contributions to the arts and sciences of turbine engine design.
The Grumman A-6 Intruder is an American, twinjet, mid-wing all-weather attack aircraft built by Grumman Aerospace.
The Grumman F-14 Tomcat is an American supersonic, twin-engine, two-seat, twin-tail, variable-sweep wing fighter aircraft.
The Gulfstream II (G-II) is an American twin engine business jet designed and built by Grumman and then in succession, Grumman American and finally Gulfstream American.
The Grumman X-29 was an American experimental aircraft that tested a forward-swept wing, canard control surfaces, and other novel aircraft technologies.
The GTRE GTX-35VS Kaveri is an afterburning turbofan project developed by the Gas Turbine Research Establishment (GTRE), a lab under the DRDO in Bangalore, India.
The WS-13 (Chinese: 涡扇-13), codename Taishan, is a turbofan engine designed and manufactured by Guizhou Aircraft Industry Corporation to power the Pakistan-China jointly developed JF-17 Thunder light-weight multi-role fighter, and in the near future the Shenyang J-31 fifth generation stealth fighter currently under development.
The Guizhou WZ-2000, also known as the WuZhen-2000 and previously the WZ-9, is a multi-purpose Unmanned combat air vehicle (UCAV) developed by Guizhou Aviation Industry Group (GAIC) in the People's Republic of China.
The Gulfstream G100, formerly known as the IAI Astra SPX, is an Israel Aerospace Industries-manufactured twin-engine business jet, formerly produced for Gulfstream Aerospace.
The Gulfstream III, a business jet produced by Gulfstream Aerospace, is an improved variant of the Grumman Gulfstream II.
The Gulfstream IV (or G-IV or GIV) and derivatives are a family of twinjet aircraft, mainly for private or business use.
The Gulfstream X-54 is a proposed research and demonstration aircraft, under development in the United States by Gulfstream Aerospace for NASA, that is planned for use in sonic boom and supersonic transport research.
The HAL Advanced Medium Combat Aircraft (AMCA) is an Indian programme of a fifth-generation fighter aircraft.
The HAL HJT-36 Sitara (Sitārā: "star") is a subsonic intermediate jet trainer aircraft developed by Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) for the Indian Air Force and the Indian Navy.
The HAL HTFE-25 (Hindustan Turbo Fan Engine) is a 25 kn turbofan engine under development by Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL).
The HAL Tejas is an Indian single-seat, single-jet engine, multirole light fighter designed by the Aeronautical Development Agency (ADA) and Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) for the Indian Air Force and Indian Navy.
The HAL/NAL Regional Transport Aircraft (RTA) is a project of Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) and National Aerospace Laboratories (NAL).
The Handley Page Dart Herald was a 1950s British turboprop passenger aircraft.
The Handley Page Victor was a British jet-powered strategic bomber, developed and produced by the Handley Page Aircraft Company, which served during the Cold War.
The Hawker 400 is a small twinjet corporate aircraft.
The Hawker P.1121 is a cancelled British supersonic fighter aircraft.
The Hawker Siddeley Harrier, developed in the 1960s, was the first of the Harrier Jump Jet series of aircraft.
The Hawker Siddeley HS.141 was a 1970s design study and submission for a British V/STOL airliner requirement.
The Hawker Siddeley Nimrod was a maritime patrol aircraft developed and operated by the United Kingdom.
The Hawker Siddeley Nimrod R1 was a signals intelligence aircraft operated by the Royal Air Force.
The Hawker P.1127 and the Hawker Siddeley Kestrel FGA.1 are the experimental and development aircraft that led to the Hawker Siddeley Harrier, the first vertical and/or short take-off and landing (V/STOL) jet fighter-bomber.
The Hawker Siddeley P.139B was a proposed airborne early warning aircraft intended to operate from aircraft carriers of the Royal Navy.
The Hawker Siddeley HS 121 Trident (originally the de Havilland D.H.121 and the Airco DH 121) was a British short- (and later medium-) range airliner.
The Heinkel HeS 8 (prefix being an abbreviation for "Heinkel Strahltriebwerke"-Heinkel jet engine) was an early jet engine designed by Hans von Ohain while working at Heinkel.
A helicopter main rotor or rotor system is the combination of several rotary wings (rotor blades) and a control system that generates the aerodynamic lift force that supports the weight of the helicopter, and the thrust that counteracts aerodynamic drag in forward flight.
The HESA Shafaq or Shafagh (هواپیمای شفق, "Twilight" or "Aurora") is an Iranian subsonic stealth aircraft project being developed by the Iran Aircraft Manufacturing Industrial Company (HESA).
High-altitude platform station (short: HAPS) is – according to Article 1.66A of the International Telecommunication Union´s (ITU) ITU Radio Regulations (RR) – defined as "a station on an object at an altitude of 20 to 50 km and at a specified, nominal, fixed point relative to the Earth".
Qantas is Australia's largest airline and one of the oldest airlines in the world.
The jet engine has a long history, from early steam devices in the 2nd century BC to the modern turbofans and scramjets.
Honeywell International Inc. is an American multinational conglomerate company that produces a variety of commercial and consumer products, engineering services and aerospace systems for a wide variety of customers, from private consumers to major corporations and governments.
Honeywell Aerospace is a manufacturer of aircraft engines and avionics, as well as a producer of auxiliary power units (APUs) and other aviation products.
The Honeywell HTF7000 is a turbofan engine produced by Honeywell Aerospace.
The Honeywell/ITEC F124 is a low-bypass turbofan engine derived from the civilian Honeywell TFE731.
The Hongdu JL-8 (Nanchang JL-8), also known as the Karakorum-8 or K-8 for short, is a two-seat intermediate jet trainer and light attack aircraft designed in the People's Republic of China by China Nanchang Aircraft Manufacturing Corporation.
The Hongdu L-15 Falcon (猎鹰) is a Chinese supersonic training and light attack aircraft being developed by Nanchang-based Hongdu Aviation Industry Corporation (HAIG) to meet the Chinese People's Liberation Army Air Force (PLAAF) and People's Liberation Army Naval Air Force (PLANAF) lead-in fighter trainer (LIFT) requirements.
HN (reported short for Hong Niao, or Hongniao, 红鸟 meaning Red Bird) missiles are a series of turbofan powered Chinese land attack cruise missiles, based on the X-600.
In aviation, hot and high is a condition of low air density due to high ambient temperature and high airport elevation.
There are two very different definitions of hot start commonly used in aviation - one for turbine based engines and one for reciprocating fuel injected engines.
Hucknall Aerodrome is located north northwest of Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, England and west of Hucknall town.
Hugo Junkers (3 February 1859 – 3 February 1935) was a German aircraft engineer and aircraft designer.
Human impact on the environment or anthropogenic impact on the environment includes changes to biophysical environments and ecosystems, biodiversity, and natural resources caused directly or indirectly by humans, including global warming, environmental degradation (such as ocean acidification), mass extinction and biodiversity loss, ecological crises, and ecological collapse.
A hush kit is an aerodynamic device used to help reduce the noise produced by aircraft jet engines.
In aerodynamics, a hypersonic speed is one that is highly supersonic.
Hyunmoo-3 is a new cruise missile that is to be fielded with the military of Republic of Korea.
The IAE V2500 is a two-shaft high-bypass turbofan engine which powers the Airbus A320 family (A320, A321, A319 and the Airbus Corporate Jet), the McDonnell Douglas MD-90, and the Embraer KC-390.
The Israel Aircraft Industries Kfir (כְּפִיר, "Lion Cub") is an Israeli-built all-weather, multirole combat aircraft based on a modified French Dassault Mirage 5 airframe, with Israeli avionics and an Israeli-built version of the General Electric J79 turbojet engine.
The IAI Lavi (Hebrew: לביא, "Young Lion") was a single-engined fourth-generation multirole jet fighter developed in Israel during the 1980s.
The Israel Aircraft Industries (IAI) Westwind (formerly Aero Commander 1121 Jet Commander) is a business jet that became a cornerstone of the Israeli aircraft manufacturing industry and remained in production for 20 years.
The IHI Corporation F7 is a small turbofan engine developed specifically for the Kawasaki P-1 maritime patrol aircraft by IHI Corporation.
The Ishikawajima-Harima Heavy Industries (IHI) XF5 is a low bypass turbofan engine being developed in Japan by Ishikawajima-Harima Heavy Industries for the Mitsubishi X-2 Shinshin (ATD-X).
The Ilyushin Il-102 was an experimental jet-powered ground-attack aircraft designed by Ilyushin.
The Ilyushin Il-108 is a twin-jet business-aircraft project, drafted in 1990 by the Russian manufacturer Ilyushin.
The Ilyushin IL-62 (Илью́шин Ил-62; NATO reporting name: Classic) is a Soviet long-range narrow-body jet airliner conceived in 1960 by Ilyushin.
The Ilyushin Il-76 (Илью́шин Ил-76; NATO reporting name: Candid) is a multi-purpose four-engine turbofan strategic airlifter designed by the Soviet Union's Ilyushin design bureau.
The Ilyushin Il-86 (Илью́шин Ил-86; NATO reporting name: Camber) is a short/medium-range wide-body jet airliner.
The Ilyushin Il-96 (Илью́шин Ил-96) is a Russian four-engined long-haul wide-body airliner designed by Ilyushin in the former Soviet Union and manufactured by the Voronezh Aircraft Production Association in Russia.
The IML Addax was a proposed multirole combat aircraft designed by the New Zealand IML Group.
Inlet cones (sometimes called shock cones or inlet centerbodies) are a component of some supersonic aircraft and missiles.
The Integrated High Performance Turbine Engine Technology program was a project of the United States military.
An internal combustion engine (ICE) is a heat engine where the combustion of a fuel occurs with an oxidizer (usually air) in a combustion chamber that is an integral part of the working fluid flow circuit.
The International Turbine Engine Company LLC (ITEC, formerly the International Turbine Engine Corporation).
The Ishikawajima-Harima Heavy Industries (IHI) F3 is a low bypass turbofan engine developed in Japan by Ishikawajima-Harima Heavy Industries for the Kawasaki T-4 jet trainer aircraft.
The Ishikawajima-Harima J3 was a Japanese turbojet aircraft engine.
The Ivchenko AI-25 is a family of military and civilian twin-shaft medium bypass turbofan engines developed by Ivchenko OKB of the Soviet Union.
The Ivchenko-Progress AI-222 (Ukrainian: AI-222) (Russian language: АИ-222-25) are a family of low-bypass turbofan engines.
A jet aircraft (or simply jet) is an aircraft (nearly always a fixed-wing aircraft) propelled by jet engines (jet propulsion).
A jet airliner (or jetliner) is an airliner powered by jet engines (passenger jet aircraft).
A jet engine is a type of reaction engine discharging a fast-moving jet that generates thrust by jet propulsion.
A jet pack, rocket belt or rocket pack is a device, usually worn on the back, which uses jets of gas (or in some cases liquid) to propel the wearer through the air.
Jet propulsion is thrust produced by passing a jet of matter (typically fluid) in the opposite direction to the direction of motion.
JSC Kuznetsov (ПАО «Кузнецов») is one of the leading Russian producers of aircraft engines, liquid-propellant rocket engines as well as aeroderivative gas turbines and modular stations.
The Korea Aerospace Industries KF-X/Indonesian Aerospace IF-X is a joint South Korean and Indonesian program to develop an advanced multirole fighter for the Republic of Korea Air Force (ROKAF) and Indonesian Air Force (TNI-AU).
The KAI T-50 Golden Eagle (골든이글) is a family of South Korean supersonic advanced trainers and light combat aircraft, developed by Korea Aerospace Industries (KAI) with Lockheed Martin.
is the aerospace division of Kawasaki Heavy Industries.
The Kawasaki C-2 (previously XC-2 and C-X) is a mid-size, twin-turbofan engine, long range, high speed military transport aircraft developed and manufactured by Kawasaki Aerospace Company.
is a Japanese public multinational corporation primarily known as a manufacturer of motorcycles, heavy equipment, aerospace and defense equipment, rolling stock and ships.
The Kawasaki P-1 (previously P-X, XP-1) is a Japanese maritime patrol aircraft developed and manufactured by Kawasaki Aerospace Company.
The KB SAT SR-10 is a prototype Russian single-engine jet trainer aircraft, fitted with forward-swept wings.
The Kegworth air disaster occurred when a Boeing 737-400 crashed on to the embankment of the M1 motorway near Kegworth, Leicestershire, England, while attempting to make an emergency landing at East Midlands Airport on 8 January 1989.
The Zvezda Kh-35 ('Star',., AS-20 'Kayak') is a Russian turbojet subsonic cruise anti-ship missile.
The Kh-55 (Х-55, also known as RKV-500; NATO reporting name: AS-15 'Kent') is a Soviet/Russian subsonic air-launched cruise missile, designed by MKB Raduga.
The Kh-59 Ovod (Х-59 Овод 'Gadfly'; AS-13 'Kingbolt') is a Russian TV-guided cruise missile with a two-stage solid-fuel propulsion system and 200 km range.
The Joint Stock Company Klimov (or JSC Klimov) presently manufactures internationally certified gas turbine engines, main gearboxes and accessory drive gearboxes for transport category aircraft.
The Klimov RD-33 is a turbofan jet engine for a lightweight fighter jet that is the primary engine for the Mikoyan MiG-29 and CAC/PAC JF-17 Thunder.
The Kuznetsov Design Bureau (СНТК им., also known as OKB-276) is a Russian design bureau for aircraft engines, administrated in Soviet times by Nikolai Dmitriyevich Kuznetsov.
The Kuznetsov NK-144 is an afterburning turbofan engine made by the Soviet Kuznetsov Design Bureau.
The Kuznetsov NK-25 is a turbofan aircraft engine used in the Tupolev Tu-22M strategic bomber.
The Kuznetsov NK-32 is an afterburning 3-spool low bypass turbofan jet engine which powers the Tupolev Tu-160 supersonic bomber, and was fitted to the later model Tupolev Tu-144LL supersonic transport.
The NK-8 was a low-bypass turbofan engine built by the Kuznetsov Design Bureau, in the thrust class.
The Kuznetsov NK-86 is a low bypass turbofan engine used on the Ilyushin Il-86 rated at 13,000 kgf or 28,600 lbf (127 KN) thrust.
The Kuznetsov NK-87 is a low bypass turbofan engine rated 127.4 kN (28,600 lbf) thrust.
The land speed record (or absolute land speed record) is the highest speed achieved by a person using a vehicle on land.
A land-attack missile(LAM) is a naval surface-to-surface missile that is capable of effectively attacking targets ashore, unlike specialized anti-ship missiles, which are optimized for striking other ships.
Learjet is a Canadian owned, American aerospace manufacturer of business jets for civilian and military use based in Wichita, Kansas.
The Learjet 31 is an American built twin-engined, high speed business jet.
The Learjet Model 35 and Model 36 are a series of American multi-role business jets and military transport aircraft manufactured by Learjet.
The Learjet 40 (LJ40) is a light business jet produced by Bombardier Aerospace.
The Learjet 45 (LJ45) aircraft is a mid-size business jet aircraft produced by the Learjet Division of Bombardier Aerospace.
The Learjet 60 is a mid-size cabin, medium-range business jet aircraft manufactured by Bombardier Aerospace in Wichita, Kansas.
Liquid Fly-back Booster (LFBB) was a German Aerospace Center's (DLR's) project concept to develop a reusable liquid rocket booster for Ariane 5 in order to significantly reduce the high cost of space transportation and increase environmental friendliness.
This is a year-by-year list of aviation accidents that have occurred at airshows worldwide in the 20th century.
A glossary of abbreviations used in relation to aviation, in alphabetical order.
The Buran programme was an attempt by the Soviet Union to construct an orbital spaceplane to perform similar functions to the Space Shuttle.
Aircraft engines produced by the People's Republic of China.
This is a list of notable inventors.
Mayday, known as Air Crash Investigation(s) outside of the United States and Canada and also known as Air Emergency or Air Disasters (Smithsonian Channel) in the United States, is a Canadian documentary television series produced by Cineflix that recounts air crashes, near-crashes, fires, hijackings, bombings and other mainly flight-related disasters and crises.
The McDonnell-Douglas F-4 Phantom II variants were numerous versions and designations of the F-4 and are described below.
This is a list of megaprojects.
This is a list of NASA aircraft.
This list of Russian aerospace engineers includes the designers of aircraft, rocketry and spacecraft, and developers of auxiliary aerospace technologies from the Russian Empire, the Soviet Union and the Russian Federation.
This is a list of inventors from the Russian Federation, Soviet Union, Russian Empire, Tsardom of Russia and Grand Duchy of Moscow, including both ethnic Russians and people of other ethnicities.
This is a list of people associated with the modern Russian Federation, the Soviet Union, Imperial Russia, Russian Tsardom, the Grand Duchy of Moscow, and other predecessor states of Russia.
Lloyd International Airways Ltd was a private, British independentindependent from government-owned corporations airline formed in 1961 to operate worldwide charter flights.
The Lockheed C-130 Hercules is a four-engine turboprop military transport aircraft designed and built originally by Lockheed (now Lockheed Martin).
The Lockheed C-141 Starlifter was a military strategic airlifter that served with the Military Air Transport Service (MATS), its successor organization the Military Airlift Command (MAC), and finally the Air Mobility Command (AMC) of the United States Air Force (USAF).
The Lockheed C-5 Galaxy is a large military transport aircraft originally designed and built by Lockheed, and now maintained and upgraded by its successor, Lockheed Martin.
The Lockheed CL-1200 Lancer was a late 1960s company-funded proposal for an improved Lockheed F-104 Starfighter.
The Lockheed F-117 Nighthawk is an American single-seat, twin-engine stealth attack aircraft that was developed by Lockheed's secretive Skunk Works division and operated by the United States Air Force (USAF).
The Lockheed JetStar (company designations L-329 and L-1329; designated C-140 in US military service) is a business jet produced from the early 1960s to the 1970s.
The Lockheed L-1011 TriStar, commonly referred to as the L-1011 (pronounced "L-ten-eleven") or TriStar, is a medium-to-long-range, wide-body trijet airliner by Lockheed Corporation.
The Lockheed L-2000 was Lockheed Corporation's entry in a government-funded competition to build the United States' first supersonic transport (SST) in the 1960s.
The Lockheed Martin F-22 Raptor is a fifth-generation, single-seat, twin-engine, all-weather stealth tactical fighter aircraft developed for the United States Air Force (USAF).
The Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II is a family of single-seat, single-engine, all-weather stealth multirole fighters.
The Lockheed Martin X-35 was a concept demonstrator aircraft (CDA) developed by Lockheed Martin for the Joint Strike Fighter program.
The Lockheed P-3 Orion is a four-engine turboprop anti-submarine and maritime surveillance aircraft developed for the United States Navy and introduced in the 1960s.
The Lockheed S-3 Viking is a four-seat, twin-engine turbofan-powered jet aircraft that was used by the U.S. Navy primarily for anti-submarine warfare.
The Lockheed Senior Prom was a classified black program conducted by the United States Air Force in conjunction with the Lockheed Corporation's Skunk Works for the development and testing of a cruise missile using stealth technology.
The Lockheed T-33 Shooting Star (or T-Bird) is a subsonic American jet trainer aircraft.
The Lockheed TriStar was an air-to-air tanker and transport aircraft in service with the Royal Air Force (RAF).
The Lockheed U-2, nicknamed "Dragon Lady", is an American single-jet engine, ultra-high altitude reconnaissance aircraft operated by the United States Air Force (USAF) and previously flown by the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).
The Lockheed/Boeing/General Dynamics YF-22 was an American single-seat, twin-engine fighter aircraft technology demonstrator designed for the United States Air Force (USAF).
LOT Flight 7 was an Ilyushin Il-62 that crashed near Okęcie Airport in Warsaw, Poland, on 14 March 1980, as the crew aborted a landing and attempted to go-around.
The Ivchenko Progress D-36 (also known as Lotarev D-36) is a three-shaft high bypass ratio turbofan currently produced by the Ukrainian Motor Sich company.
The Lotarev DV-2 (or PSLM DV-2, DV: Dnepr-VáhMOT Site.
The LTV A-7 Corsair II is an American carrier-capable subsonic light attack aircraft manufactured by Ling-Temco-Vought (LTV) to replace the Douglas A-4 Skyhawk.
Luigi Stipa (30 November 1900 – 9 January 1992) was an Italian aeronautical, hydraulic, and civil engineer and aircraft designer who invented the "intubed propeller" for aircraft, a concept that some aviation historians view as the predecessor of the turbofan engine.
The Lun-class ekranoplan is a ground effect vehicle (GEV) designed by Rostislav Evgenievich Alexeyev in 1975 and used by the Soviet and Russian navies from 1987 until sometime in the late 1990s.
The Bell Aerosystems Lunar Landing Research Vehicle (LLRV) was a Project Apollo era program to build a simulator for the Moon landings.
The Lycoming ALF 502 is a geared turbofan engine produced by Lycoming Engines, AlliedSignal and then Honeywell Aerospace.
In fluid dynamics, the Mach number (M or Ma) is a dimensionless quantity representing the ratio of flow velocity past a boundary to the local speed of sound.
The Martin/General Dynamics RB-57F Canberra is a specialized strategic reconnaissance aircraft developed in the 1960s for the United States Air Force by General Dynamics from the Martin B-57 Canberra tactical bomber, which itself was a license-built version of the English Electric Canberra.
Matthew Piers Watt Boulton (22 September 1820 – 30 June 1894), also published under the pseudonym M. P. W.
The McDonnell Douglas/General Dynamics A-12 Avenger II was a proposed American attack aircraft from McDonnell Douglas and General Dynamics.
The McDonnell Douglas (now Boeing) AV-8B Harrier II is a single-engine ground-attack aircraft that constitutes the second generation of the Harrier Jump Jet family.
The McDonnell Douglas C-9 is a military version of the McDonnell Douglas DC-9 airliner.
The McDonnell Douglas CF-18 Hornet (official military designation CF-188) is a Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF) (formerly Canadian Forces Air Command) fighter aircraft, based on the American McDonnell Douglas F/A-18 Hornet fighter.
The McDonnell Douglas DC-10 is a three-engine wide-body jet airliner manufactured by McDonnell Douglas.
The McDonnell Douglas DC-9 (initially known as the Douglas DC-9) is a twin-engine, single-aisle jet airliner.
The McDonnell Douglas F-15 Eagle is an American twin-engine, all-weather tactical fighter aircraft designed by McDonnell Douglas (now Boeing) to gain and maintain air supremacy in all aspects of aerial combat.
The McDonnell Douglas (now Boeing) F-15E Strike Eagle is an American all-weather multirole strike fighter derived from the McDonnell Douglas F-15 Eagle.
The McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II is a tandem two-seat, twin-engine, all-weather, long-range supersonic jet interceptor and fighter-bomber originally developed for the United States Navy by McDonnell Aircraft.
The McDonnell Douglas KC-10 Extender is an aerial refueling tanker aircraft operated by the United States Air Force (USAF).
The McDonnell Douglas MD-80 is a series of twin-engine, short- to medium-range, single-aisle commercial jet airliners.
The McDonnell Douglas MD-90 is a twin-engine, short- to medium-range, single-aisle commercial jet airliner.
The United Kingdom operated the McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II as one of its principal combat aircraft from the 1960s to the early 1990s.
The McDonnell Douglas (now Boeing) T-45 Goshawk is a highly modified version of the British BAE Systems Hawk land-based training jet aircraft.
The McDonnell Douglas YC-15 was a prototype four-engine short take-off and landing (STOL) tactical transport.
Mesaba Aviation, Inc. (operating as Mesaba Airlines) was an American regional airline based in Eagan, Minnesota From 2010 to 2012 the airline was a wholly owned subsidiary of Pinnacle Airlines Corporation.
The Metropolitan-Vickers F.2 was an early turbojet engine and the first British design to be based on an axial-flow compressor.
The Mikoyan MiG-29 (Микоян МиГ-29; NATO reporting name: Fulcrum) is a twin-engine jet fighter aircraft designed in the Soviet Union.
The Mikoyan MiG-29K (Микоян МиГ-29K; NATO reporting name: Fulcrum-D. deagel.com) is a Russian all-weather carrier-based multirole fighter aircraft developed by the Mikoyan Design Bureau.
The Mikoyan MiG-29M (Микоян МиГ-29M; NATO reporting name: Fulcrum-E) is a multirole fighter that was developed as an advanced variant of the MiG-29.
The Mikoyan MiG-31 (Микоян МиГ-31; NATO reporting name: Foxhound) is a supersonic interceptor aircraft developed for use by the Soviet Air Forces.
MiG-33 was the development designation of the aircraft that was eventually delivered as the MiG-29.
The Mikoyan MiG-35 (Микоян МиГ-35; NATO reporting name: Fulcrum-F) is a Russian multirole fighter that is designed by Russian Aircraft Corporation MiG, or Mikoyan.
The Mikoyan MiG-AT is a Russian advanced trainer and light attack aircraft that first flew in 1996, designed to replace the Aero L-29 and L-39 for the Russian Air Force.
The Mikoyan Project 1.44/1.42 (Микоян МиГ-1.44; NATO reporting name: Flatpack) was a technology demonstrator developed by the Mikoyan design bureau.
The Mikoyan Skat (from Russian ‘Скат’ - “manta ray”) is one of the two concept stike unmanned combat aerial vehicles developed for the Russian Defense Ministry.
The Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-25 (Микоян и Гуревич МиГ-25; NATO reporting name: Foxbat) is a supersonic interceptor and reconnaissance aircraft that was among the fastest military aircraft to enter service.
In modern language, a missile is a guided self-propelled system, as opposed to an unguided self-propelled munition, referred to as a rocket (although these too can also be guided).
Aviation affects the environment due to aircraft engines emitting noise, particulates, and gases which contribute to climate change and global dimming.
The Mitsubishi F-1 is Japan's first domestically developed and built supersonic military jet.
The Mitsubishi F-15J/DJ Eagle is a twin-engine, all-weather air superiority fighter based on the McDonnell Douglas F-15 Eagle in use by the Japan Air Self-Defense Force (JASDF).
The Mitsubishi F-2 is a multirole fighter derived from the General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon, and manufactured by Mitsubishi Heavy Industries and Lockheed Martin for the Japan Air Self-Defense Force, with a 60/40 split in manufacturing between Japan and the United States.
The Mitsubishi T-2 was a jet trainer aircraft used by the Japan Air Self-Defense Force.
The Mitsubishi X-2 Shinshin (formerly the ATD-X) is a Japanese experimental aircraft for testing advanced stealth fighter aircraft technologies.
A mixed flow compressor, or diagonal compressor, combines axial and radial components to produce a diagonal airflow compressor stage.
MPC 75 was an aircraft project of the company "MPC Aircraft GmbH" a subsidiary of "Deutsche Airbus".
The Myasishchev M-50 (Russian: Мясищев М-50) (NATO reporting name Bounder) is a Soviet prototype four-jet engine supersonic strategic bomber, which never attained service.
Nantgarw is a village in the county borough of Rhondda Cynon Taf, Wales, near Cardiff.
The Napier E.146 Oryx was a British gas-turbine engine designed and built by Napier in the early 1950s for the Percival P.74 tip jet-powered helicopter project.
National Aerospace Laboratories (NAL), is India's second largest aerospace firm after Hindustan Aeronautics (HAL).
The National Museum of Flight is Scotland's national aviation museum, at East Fortune Airfield, just south of the village of East Fortune, in East Lothian.
Neil Alden Armstrong (August 5, 1930 – August 25, 2012) was an American astronaut and aeronautical engineer who was the first person to walk on the Moon.
Nirbhay (Sanskrit:Dauntless/Fearless) is a long range, all-weather, subsonic cruise missile designed and developed in India by the Defence Research and Development Organisation.
The North American F-100 Super Sabre is an American supersonic jet fighter aircraft that served with the United States Air Force (USAF) from 1954 to 1971 and with the Air National Guard (ANG) until 1979.
The North American Sabreliner, later sold as the Rockwell Sabreliner, is an American mid-sized business jet developed by North American Aviation.
North West England, one of nine official regions of England, consists of the five counties of Cheshire, Cumbria, Greater Manchester, Lancashire and Merseyside.
Northrop Corporation was a leading United States aircraft manufacturer from its formation in 1939 until its 1994 merger with Grumman to form Northrop Grumman.
The Northrop F-20 Tigershark (initially F-5G) was a privately financed light fighter, designed and built by Northrop.
The Northrop (later Northrop Grumman) B-2 Spirit, also known as the Stealth Bomber, is an American heavy penetration strategic bomber, featuring low observable stealth technology designed for penetrating dense anti-aircraft defenses; it is a flying wing design with a crew of two.
The Northrop Grumman E-2 Hawkeye is an American all-weather, carrier-capable tactical airborne early warning (AEW) aircraft. This twin-turboprop aircraft was designed and developed during the late 1950s and early 1960s by the Grumman Aircraft Company for the United States Navy as a replacement for the earlier, piston-engined E-1 Tracer, which was rapidly becoming obsolete. The aircraft's performance has been upgraded with the E-2B, and E-2C versions, where most of the changes were made to the radar and radio communications due to advances in electronic integrated circuits and other electronics. The fourth major version of the Hawkeye is the E-2D, which first flew in 2007. The E-2 was the first aircraft designed specifically for its role, as opposed to a modification of an existing airframe, such as the Boeing E-3 Sentry. Variants of the Hawkeye have been in continuous production since 1960, giving it the longest production run of any carrier-based aircraft. The E-2 also received the nickname "Super Fudd" because it replaced the E-1 Tracer "Willy Fudd". In recent decades, the E-2 has been commonly referred to as the "Hummer" because of the distinctive sounds of its turboprop engines, quite unlike that of turbojet and turbofan jet engines. In addition to U.S. Navy service, smaller numbers of E-2s have been sold to the armed forces of Egypt, France, Israel, Japan, Mexico, Singapore and Taiwan.
The Northrop Grumman MQ-4C Triton is an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) under development for the United States Navy as a surveillance aircraft.
The Northrop Grumman RQ-180 is an American stealth unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) surveillance aircraft intended for contested airspace which has been described in several news articles and confirmed by the U.S. Air Force.
The Northrop Grumman RQ-4 Global Hawk is an unmanned (UAV) surveillance aircraft.
The Northrop Tacit Blue was a technology demonstrator aircraft created to demonstrate that a low-observable stealth surveillance aircraft with a low probability of intercept radar and other sensors could operate close to the forward line of battle with a high degree of survivability.
The Northrop YA-9 was a prototype attack aircraft developed for the United States Air Force A-X program.
The Northrop/McDonnell Douglas YF-23 was an American single-seat, twin-engine stealth fighter aircraft technology demonstrator designed for the United States Air Force (USAF).
The Novi Avion (Serbian Cyrillic:Нови Aвион New Aeroplane) was a fourth generation multi-role combat aircraft programme that was to be built by Yugoslavia aircraft manufacturer SOKO.
The NPO Saturn AL-32M is a 92/95 kN turbofan engine based on the Lyulka/Saturn AL-31F and Saturn AL-41F-1 jet engines.
The NPO Saturn AL-55 is a high performance turbofan engine manufactured by NPO Saturn Russia, for powering advanced trainers, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) and light attack aircraft.
The Otomat is an Italian-built, anti-ship and coastal defence missile first built by the Italian company Oto Melara jointly with Matra and now made by MBDA.
The Packard XJ49 was a turbofan aircraft engine developed by the Packard Motor Co.
The Pakistan Aeronautical Complex (PAC) (پاکستان ایروناٹیکل کمپلیکس) is a Pakistani aerospace, defence, aviation contractor, and military corporation producing aerial systems for both military and civilian usage, situated in Kamra, Attock District.
The Panavia Tornado is a family of twin-engine, variable-sweep wing multirole combat aircraft, which was jointly developed and manufactured by Italy, the United Kingdom, and West Germany.
The Panavia Tornado Air Defence Variant (ADV) was a long-range, twin-engine interceptor version of the swing-wing Panavia Tornado.
Power Augmented Ram thrust (or PAR thrust for short) is the use of displaced air in enhancing the air cushion under the wings or body of what is normally a Wing In Ground-effect or WIG craft.
Paul Bevilaqua is an aeronautics engineer at Lockheed Martin in California.
The Penn State College of Engineering is the engineering school of the Pennsylvania State University, headquartered at the University Park campus in University Park, Pennsylvania.
Pensacola International Airport, formerly Pensacola Gulf Coast Regional Airport and Pensacola Regional Airport (Hagler Field), is a public use airport three nautical miles (6 km) northeast of the central business district of Pensacola, in Escambia County, Florida, United States.
The Piaggio PD.808 was an Italian business jet built by Piaggio.
The Pilatus PC-24 is a twin-engine business jet produced by Pilatus Aircraft of Switzerland.
Pilot certification in the United States is typically required for an individual to act as a pilot-in-command of an aircraft.
On October 14, 2004, Pinnacle Airlines Flight 3701 (ICAO: FLG3701, IATA: 9E3701, or Flagship 3701) crashed while flying from Little Rock, Arkansas to Minneapolis–Saint Paul International Airport in Minnesota.
The Piper PA-47 PiperJet was a single-engined very light jet (VLJ) that was intended to be developed and built by Piper Aircraft.
The period between 1945 and 1979 is sometimes called the post-war era or the period of the post-war political consensus.
The Power Jets W.2 was a British turbojet engine designed by Frank Whittle and Power Jets (Research and Development) Ltd.
Power-to-weight ratio (or specific power or power-to-mass ratio) is a calculation commonly applied to engines and mobile power sources to enable the comparison of one unit or design to another.
A powered aircraft is an aircraft that uses onboard propulsion with mechanical power generated by an aircraft engine of some kind.
Powered lift or powered-lift refers to a type of aircraft that can take off and land vertically and functions differently from a rotorcraft in horizontal flight.
The PowerJet SaM146 is a turbofan engine produced by the PowerJet joint venture between Snecma (Safran) of France and NPO Saturn of Russia.
The Pratt & Whitney Canada JT15D is a small turbofan engine built by Pratt & Whitney Canada.
The Pratt & Whitney Canada PW300 series is a family of turbofan jet engines developed by Pratt & Whitney Canada specifically for business jet applications.
The Pratt & Whitney Canada PW500 is a series of medium thrust turbofan engines designed specifically for business jet applications.
The Pratt & Whitney Canada PW600 series is a family of very small turbofan engines developed by Pratt & Whitney Canada for use in very light jets.
The Pratt & Whitney Canada PW800 is a turbofan engine in the thrust class, under development by Pratt & Whitney Canada.
The Pratt & Whitney F100 (company designation JTF22) is an afterburning turbofan engine manufactured by Pratt & Whitney which powers the F-15 Eagle and F-16 Fighting Falcon.
The Pratt & Whitney F119, company designation PW5000, is an afterburning turbofan engine developed by Pratt & Whitney for the Lockheed Martin F-22 Raptor advanced tactical fighter.
The Pratt & Whitney F135 is an afterburning turbofan developed for the Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II, a single-engine strike fighter.
The Pratt & Whitney J57 (company designation: JT3C) is an axial-flow turbojet engine developed by Pratt & Whitney in the early 1950s.
The Pratt & Whitney J75 (company designation: JT4A) was an axial-flow turbojet engine first flown in 1955.
The Pratt & Whitney JT3D is an early turbofan aircraft engine derived from the Pratt & Whitney JT3C turbojet.
The Pratt & Whitney JT8D is a low-bypass (0.96 to 1) turbofan engine, introduced by Pratt & Whitney in February 1963 with the inaugural flight of the Boeing 727.
The Pratt & Whitney JT9D engine was the first high bypass ratio jet engine to power a wide-body airliner.
The Pratt & Whitney PW1120 turbofan is a derivative of the F100 turbofan.
The Pratt & Whitney PW2000, also known by the military designation F117 and initially referred to as the JT10D, is a series of high-bypass turbofan aero engines with a thrust range from 37,000 to 43,000 lbf (165 to 190 kN).
The Pratt & Whitney PW4000 is a family of high-bypass turbofan aircraft engines with certified thrust ranging from 52,000 to 99,040 lbf (230 to 441 kN).
The Pratt & Whitney PW6000 is a high-bypass turbofan jet engine designed for the Airbus A318 with a design thrust range of 18,000–24,000 lbf (82–90 kN).
The Pratt & Whitney TF30 (company designation JTF10A) is a military low-bypass turbofan engine originally designed by Pratt & Whitney for the subsonic F6D Missileer fleet defense fighter, but this project was cancelled.
The Pratt & Whitney/Allison 578-DX was an experimental aircraft engine, a hybrid between a turbofan and a turboprop known as a propfan.
Price Induction is a French company which develops and manufactures the DGEN turbofan engines intended for light airplanes (4/6 seats) known as Personal Light Jets (PLJs).
The Progress D-18T (or Lotarev D-18T) is a three-spool, high-bypass turbofan engine rated at more than of thrust and designed to power very large transport aircraft.
The Progress D-27 is a three-shaft propfan engine developed by Ivchenko Progress.
The Progress D-436 is a three-shaft high by-pass turbofan engine developed by the Ukrainian company Ivchenko-Progress.
Project Sabre II was the Pakistan Air Force's program to develop a feasible and low-cost multirole combat jet based on an existing design - the Chengdu F-7 Skybolt, a Chinese variant of the MiG–21PFM.
A propelling nozzle is a nozzle that converts a gas turbine or gas generator into a jet engine.
A propfan or open rotor engine is a type of aircraft engine related in concept to both the turboprop and turbofan, but distinct from both.
In aircraft and rocket design, overall propulsive efficiency \eta is the efficiency with which the energy contained in a vehicle's propellant is converted into kinetic energy of the vehicle, to accelerate it, or to replace losses due to aerodynamic drag or gravity.
A pulse detonation engine (PDE) is a type of propulsion system that uses detonation waves to combust the fuel and oxidizer mixture.
A pulsejet engine (or pulse jet) is a type of jet engine in which combustion occurs in pulses.
The PZL M-15 was a jet-powered biplane manufactured by WSK PZL-Mielec in Poland for Soviet agricultural aviation.
The PZL-230 Skorpion (scorpion) was a proposed Polish low-cost attack aircraft.
Qantas has had a varied fleet since the airline's inception.
A ramjet, sometimes referred to as a flying stovepipe or an athodyd (an abbreviation of aero thermodynamic duct), is a form of airbreathing jet engine that uses the engine's forward motion to compress incoming air without an axial compressor or a centrifugal compressor.
The Raytheon Sentinel is an airborne battlefield and ground surveillance aircraft operated by the Royal Air Force.
The Raytheon T-1 Jayhawk is a twin-engined jet aircraft used by the United States Air Force for advanced pilot training.
A reaction engine is an engine or motor that produces thrust by expelling reaction mass, in accordance with Newton's third law of motion.
The Reaction Engines Limited LAPCAT Configuration A2 (called the LAPCAT A2) is a design study for a hypersonic speed jet airliner intended to provide environmentally friendly, long range, high capacity commercial transportation.
Regional airlines are airlines that operate regional aircraft to provide passenger air service to communities without sufficient demand to attract mainline service.
A regional jet (RJ) is a class of short to medium-range turbofan powered regional airliners.
Remote Visual Inspection or Remote Digital Video Inspection, also known as RVI or RDVI, is a form of visual inspection which uses visual aids including video technology to allow an inspector to look at objects and materials from a distance because the objects are inaccessible or are in dangerous environments.
A rocket (from Italian rocchetto "bobbin") is a missile, spacecraft, aircraft or other vehicle that obtains thrust from a rocket engine.
The Rockwell B-1 LancerThe name "Lancer" is only applied to the B-1B version, after the program was revived.
The Rockwell XFV-12 was a prototype supersonic United States Navy fighter which was built in 1977.
The Rockwell-Messerschmitt-Bölkow-Blohm X-31 was an experimental jet fighter designed to test fighter thrust vectoring technology.
The Rolls-Royce AE 2100 is a turboprop developed by Allison Engine Company, now part of Rolls-Royce North America.
The Rolls-Royce AE 3007 (US military: F137) is a high-bypass turbofan engine produced by Rolls-Royce North America, sharing a common core with the Rolls-Royce T406 (AE 1107) and AE 2100.
The Rolls-Royce BR700 family of turbofan engines powers regional jets and corporate jets.
The Rolls-Royce RB.80 Conway was the first turbofan in the world to enter service.
Rolls-Royce Deutschland is a subsidiary of aircraft engine maker Rolls-Royce plc with facilities at Dahlewitz outside Berlin and at Oberursel near Frankfurt am Main.
The Rolls-Royce LiftSystem, together with the F135 engine, is an aircraft propulsion system designed for use in the STOVL variant of the F-35 Lightning II.
Rolls-Royce was a British luxury car and later an aero engine manufacturing business established in 1904 by the partnership of Charles Rolls and Henry Royce.
The Rolls-Royce Marine Spey is a marine gas turbine based on the Rolls-Royce Spey and TF41 aircraft turbofan engines.
The Rolls-Royce RB.141 Medway was a large low-bypass turbofan engine designed, manufactured and tested in prototype form by Rolls-Royce in the early-1960s.
The Rolls-Royce RB.41 Nene was a 1940s British centrifugal compressor turbojet engine.
The Rolls-Royce Olympus (originally the Bristol B.E.10 Olympus) was the world's first two-spool axial-flow turbojet aircraft engine design, dating from November 1946, although not the first to run or enter service.
The Rolls-Royce Pegasus, formerly the Bristol Siddeley Pegasus, is a turbofan engine originally designed by Bristol Siddeley.
The Rolls-Royce RB.183 Tay is a turbofan engine, developed from the RB.183 Mk 555 Spey core and using a fan scaled directly from the Rolls-Royce RB.211-535E4 to produce versions with a bypass ratio of 3.1:1 or greater.
The Rolls-Royce RB.203 Trent was a British medium-bypass turbofan engine of around 10,000lb thrust designed for production in the late 1960s, bearing no relation to the earlier Rolls-Royce RB.50 Trent turboprop or the later high bypass Rolls-Royce Trent turbofan.
The Rolls-Royce RB162 was a simply constructed and lightweight British turbojet engine produced by Rolls-Royce Limited.
The Rolls-Royce RB211 is a British family of high-bypass turbofan engines made by Rolls-Royce plc.
The Rolls-Royce RB282 is a new series of twin-spool turbofan engines under development by Rolls-Royce.
The Rolls-Royce RB.401 was a two-spool business jet engine which Rolls-Royce started to develop in the mid-1970s as a replacement for the Viper.
The Rolls-Royce Spey (company designations RB.163 and RB.168 and RB.183) is a low-bypass turbofan engine originally designed and manufactured by Rolls-Royce that has been in widespread service for over 40 years.
Rolls-Royce Trent is a British family of three spool, high bypass turbofan aircraft engines manufactured by Rolls-Royce plc.
The Rolls-Royce Trent 1000 is a British turbofan engine, developed from earlier Trent series engines.
The Rolls-Royce Trent 500 is a high-bypass turbofan aircraft engine, developed from the Rolls-Royce RB211 and is a member of the Trent family of engines.
The Rolls-Royce Trent 700 is a three spool high bypass turbofan aircraft engine, developed from the RB211, and is the first variant of the family of Trent engines.
The Rolls-Royce Trent 7000 is the seventh iteration of the Trent family of large turbofan jet engines and is the exclusive engine for the Airbus A330neo.
The Rolls-Royce Trent 800 is a high-bypass turbofan aircraft engine, developed from the RB211 and is one of the family of Trent engines.
The Rolls-Royce Trent 900 is a British series of turbofan engines, developed from the RB211 and is one of the family of Trent engines.
The Rolls-Royce Trent XWB is a British series of turbofan jet engines developed from the Rolls-Royce Trent 1000, exclusively powering the Airbus A350 XWB.
The Rolls-Royce Turbomeca Adour is a two-shaft low bypass turbofan aircraft engine developed by Rolls-Royce Turbomeca Limited, a joint venture between Rolls-Royce (UK) and Turbomeca (France).
The Rolls-Royce/JAEC RJ500 was a civil turbofan which Rolls-Royce and the Japanese Aero Engine Corporation (JAEC) consortium hoped to develop for aircraft like the Boeing 737-300 and the McDonnell Douglas MD-80.
The Rolls-Royce/MAN Turbo RB.153 was a high-performance dry thrust turbofan engine developed jointly by Rolls-Royce Limited and MAN Turbo.
The Rolls-Royce/MAN Turbo RB.193 was a vectored thrust turbofan engine designed and manufactured by Rolls-Royce and MAN Turbo in the mid-1960s.
The Rolls-Royce/SNECMA M45H was a medium bypass ratio turbofan produced specifically for the twin-engined VFW-Fokker 614 aircraft in the early 1970s.
The Rolls-Royce/Snecma Olympus 593 was an Anglo-French afterburning (reheated) turbojet which powered the supersonic airliner Concorde.
The Saab 105 is a Swedish high-wing, twinjet trainer aircraft developed in the early sixties as a private venture by Saab AB.
The Saab 340 is a Swedish twin-engine turboprop aircraft designed and initially produced by a partnership between Saab AB and Fairchild Aircraft in a 65:35 ratio.
The Saab 37 Viggen ("Thunderbolt") is a retired Swedish single-seat, single-engine, short-medium range combat aircraft.
The Saab JAS 39 Gripen (English: "griffin") is a light single-engine multirole fighter aircraft manufactured by the Swedish aerospace company Saab.
SABRE (Synergistic Air-Breathing Rocket Engine) is a concept under development by Reaction Engines Limited for a hypersonic precooled hybrid air-breathing rocket engine.
Safran Aircraft Engines (previously Snecma) is a French aerospace engine manufacturer headquartered in Courcouronnes, France.
The Safran Silvercrest is a French turbofan currently under development which will be manufactured by Safran Aircraft Engines.
SAHA Iran Aircraft Industries or IACI (صها مخفف فارسی صنایع هواپیمایی ایران) was established in 1961 mainly for major repair of fighter, passenger, and air support planes.
SALSA d'Haïti is a Haitian airline headquartered at Toussaint Louverture International Airport in Port-au-Prince, Haiti.
Sam Barlow Williams (7 May 1921 in Seattle, Washington – 22 June 2009 in Indian Wells, California) was an American inventor and founder of Williams International.
The Saturn AL-31 is a family of military turbofan engines.
The AL-41F is a designation for two different Russian military turbofan engine variants.
The Scaled Composites 401 is an American experimental aircraft, designed and produced by Scaled Composites of Mojave Spaceport, Mojave, California, introduced in 2017.
The Scaled Composites ARES is a demonstrator aircraft built by Scaled Composites.
The Scaled Composites Model 281 Proteus is a tandem-wing High-Altitude Long Endurance aircraft designed by Burt Rutan to investigate the use of aircraft as high altitude telecommunications relays.
The Scaled Composites Triumph was a twin-engine, business jet prototype designed and built by Burt Rutan's Scaled Composites for Beechcraft.
A scimitar propeller is shaped like a scimitar sword, with increasing sweep along the leading edge.
A scramjet ("supersonic combustion ramjet") is a variant of a ramjet airbreathing jet engine in which combustion takes place in supersonic airflow.
The SEPECAT Jaguar is a British-French jet attack aircraft originally used by the British Royal Air Force and the French Air Force in the close air support and nuclear strike role.
The Shanghai Y-10 (Y represents the first letter of pinyin of Transporter in Chinese: Yunshuji 运输机) was a four engined narrow-body jet airliner developed in the 1970s by the Shanghai Aircraft Research Institute.
Shenyang, formerly known by its Manchu name Mukden or Fengtian, is the provincial capital and the largest city of Liaoning Province, People's Republic of China, as well as the largest city in Northeast China by urban population.
Shenyang Aircraft Design Institute (or 606 Institute) is a Chinese design institute and jointer partners with Shenyang Aerospace Corporation for military aircraft engines.
Shenyang Aircraft Corporation or Shenyang Aerospace Corporation is a Chinese civilian and military aircraft manufacturer located in Shenyang, a subsidiary of AVIC.
The Shenyang J-11 (Chinese: 歼-11), with NATO reporting name Flanker B+, is a twin-engine jet fighter, whose airframe is based on the Soviet-designed Sukhoi Su-27 air superiority fighter.
The Shenyang J-13 (Chinese: 歼-13; traditional: 殲-13) was a long-running Chinese project by Shenyang Aircraft Corporation to develop a light-weight, single engine fighter aircraft, that was ultimately cancelled.
The Shenyang J-31 (or "FC-31 fifth Generation Multi-Purpose light Fighter") also known as the "Gyrfalcon" (鹘鹰), or "Falcon Hawk" by some military enthusiasts, - Wired.com, October 31, 2012 is a twin-engine, mid-size fifth-generation jet fighter currently under development by Shenyang Aircraft Corporation.
The Shenyang WS-10, codename Taihang, is a turbofan engine designed and built by the People's Republic of China.
The WS-20 is a high-bypass turbofan being developed to power the Y-20 strategic airlifter, based on the core of the low-bypass turbofan Shenyang WS-10A.
The Shuttle Carrier Aircraft (SCA) are two extensively modified Boeing 747 airliners that NASA used to transport Space Shuttle orbiters.
The SIAI-Marchetti S.211 (later Aermacchi S-211) is a turbofan-powered military trainer aircraft designed and originally marketed by SIAI-Marchetti.
The Sikorsky S-72 was an experimental hybrid helicopter/fixed-wing aircraft developed by helicopter manufacturer Sikorsky Aircraft.
The Silent Aircraft Initiative is a study being undertaken by the Cambridge-MIT Institute to discover ways to reduce aircraft noise dramatically, to the point where it would be virtually unnoticeable to people outside the airport perimeter.
Skybus Airlines Inc. was a privately held airline based in Columbus, Ohio, United States.
The SNECMA M53 is an afterburning turbofan engine developed for the Dassault Mirage 2000 fighter by Snecma.
The Snecma M88 is a French afterburning turbofan engine developed by Snecma for the Dassault Rafale fighter.
The SNECMA Turbomeca Larzac is a military turbofan manufactured by GRTS (Groupement Turbomeca-SNECMA), a consortium between the two French companies, SNECMA and Turbomeca.
The Soloviev D-20P was a low-bypass turbofan engine rated at 52.9 kN (11,900 lbf) thrust.
The Soloviev D-30 (PS-30) is a Soviet two-shaft low-bypass turbofan engine, officially referred to as a "bypass turbojet." A supersonic afterburner version, the D-30F6, is used in the Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-31 interceptor, while the non-afterburning civilian versions, the D-30Kp and D-30KU are used in the Ilyushin Il-62M and Tupolev Tu-154M airliners, and in the Ilyushin Il-76MD, TD heavy cargo aircraft.
Sound power or acoustic power is the rate at which sound energy is emitted, reflected, transmitted or received, per unit time.
South African Airways (SAA) is the flag carrier airline of South Africa.
Specific impulse (usually abbreviated Isp) is a measure of how effectively a rocket uses propellant or jet engine uses fuel.
Specific thrust is a term used in gas turbine engineering to show the relative thrust per air mass flowrate of a jet engine (e.g. turbojet, turbofan, etc.) and is defined as the ratio: net thrust/total intake airflow.
The Spectrum S-33 Independence is a new very light jet designed and built by Spectrum Aeronautical using a carbon fiber construction process that makes the airplane weigh about two thirds as much as a comparably sized aluminum-frame airplane.
The Spectrum S-40 Freedom is a business jet developed by Carlsbad, California based Spectrum Aeronautical, which has its development center located in Spanish Fork, Utah.
A spinner is an aircraft component, a streamlined fairing fitted over a propeller hub or at the centre of a turbofan engine.
Spirit of America is the trademarked name used by Craig Breedlove for his land speed record-setting vehicles.
Spool may refer to:electronic media.
The Sport Jet II was an American amateur-built aircraft that was under development by Sport-Jet, Limited.
SST Death Flight (aka SST: Disaster in the Sky, Flight of the Maiden and Death Flight) is a 1977 made-for-television film, directed by David Lowell Rich.
The ST Aerospace A-4SU Super Skyhawk is a major upgrade project of the Douglas A-4S Skyhawk attack aircraft undertaken by Singapore Aircraft Industries (SAI, now ST Aerospace) in the 1980s.
Sir Stanley George Hooker, FRS, DPhil, BSc, FRAeS, MIMechE, FAAAS, (30 September 1907 – 24 May 1984) was a mathematician and jet engine engineer.
A step climb in aviation is a series of altitude gains that improve fuel economy by moving into thinner air as an aircraft becomes lighter and becomes capable of faster, more economical flight.
The Stipa-Caproni, also generally called the Caproni Stipa, was an experimental Italian aircraft designed in 1932 by Luigi Stipa (1900–1992) and built by Caproni.
The Stratos 714 is an American very light jet aircraft under development by Stratos Aircraft of Redmond, Oregon.
A subsonic aircraft is an aircraft with a maximum speed less than the speed of sound (Mach 1).
The Sud Aviation SE 210 Caravelle was a French short/medium-range jet airliner.
The Sukhoi Su-27 (Сухой Су-27; NATO reporting name: Flanker) is a twin-engine supermaneuverable fighter aircraft designed by Sukhoi.
The Sukhoi Su-30 (Сухой Су-30; NATO reporting name: Flanker-C) is a twin-engine, two-seat supermaneuverable fighter aircraft developed by Russia's Sukhoi Aviation Corporation.
The Sukhoi Su-30MKI (NATO reporting name: Flanker-H) is a twinjet multirole air superiority fighter developed by Russia's Sukhoi and built under licence by India's Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) for the Indian Air Force (IAF).
The Sukhoi Su-30MKK (NATO reporting name: Flanker-G)MKK stands for Russian Mnogofunktzionniy Kommercheskiy Kitayski (Cyrillic: Многофунктзионний Коммерческий Китайски), "Multifunctional Commercial for China".
The Sukhoi Su-30MKM (Russian: Модернизированный Коммерческий Малайзийский/Modernizirovannyi Kommercheskiy Malayziyskiy – Modernized Export Malaysia; NATO reporting name: Flanker-H) is a supermaneuverable fighter of the Royal Malaysian Air Force.
The Sukhoi Su-33 (Сухой Су-33; NATO reporting name: Flanker-D) is an all-weather carrier-based twin-engine air superiority fighter designed by Sukhoi and manufactured by Komsomolsk-on-Amur Aircraft Production Association, derived from the Su-27 and initially known as the Su-27K.
The Sukhoi Su-34 (Сухой Су-34.; NATO reporting name: Fullback) is a Russian twin-engine, twin-seat, all-weather supersonic medium-range fighter-bomber/strike aircraft.
The Sukhoi Su-35 (Сухой Су-35; NATO reporting name: Flanker-E)|group.
The Sukhoi Su-37 (Сухой Су-37; NATO reporting name: Flanker-F) is a single-seat twin-engine aircraft designed by the Sukhoi Design Bureau that served as a technology demonstrator.
The Sukhoi Su-47 Berkut (translation) (NATO reporting name Firkin), also designated S-32 and S-37 (not to be confused with the twin-engined delta canard designButtler, Tony and Gordon, Yefim. "Soviet Secret Projects: Fighters Since 1945". Midland Publishing, 2005.. offered by Sukhoi in the early 1990s under the designation Su-37) during initial development, was an experimental supersonic jet fighter developed by Sukhoi Aviation Corporation.
The Sukhoi Su-57 (Сухой Су-57) is the designation for a stealth, single-seat, twin-engine multirole fifth-generation jet fighter being developed for air superiority and attack operations.
The Sukhoi Superjet 100, also known by its abbreviation SSJ100, is a fly-by-wire twin-engine regional jet with 8 (VIP) to 108 (all economy) passenger seats.
The Sukhoi T-4, or "Aircraft 100", or "Project 100", or "Sotka" was a Soviet high-speed reconnaissance, anti-ship and strategic bomber aircraft that did not proceed beyond the prototype stage.
The Sukhoi/HAL Fifth Generation Fighter Aircraft (FGFA) or Perspective Multi-role Fighter (PMF) was a fifth-generation fighter aircraft planned for India and Russia.
A supercharger is an air compressor that increases the pressure or density of air supplied to an internal combustion engine.
A supersonic aircraft is an aircraft able to fly faster than the speed of sound (Mach number 1).
A supersonic transport (SST) is a civilian supersonic aircraft designed to transport passengers at speeds greater than the speed of sound.
The SyberJet SJ30 is an American business jet built by SyberJet Aircraft.
T-stages, sometimes called booster stages, are mounted on the low pressure (LP) shaft of some turbofan engines directly behind the fan.
TACA Flight 110 was an international scheduled airline flight operated by TACA Airlines, traveling from Belize to New Orleans.
The Taihang Mountains are a mountain range in China.
Target-type thrust reversal (also called Bucket Thrust Reversal) is a deceleration method when an aircraft lands.
The Tecnma P-Jet is an Italian light turbofan aircraft in development by Tecnam.
The Textron AirLand Scorpion is an American jet aircraft proposed for sale to perform light attack and Intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (ISR) duties.
TH-dimer, also called tetrahydromethylcyclopentadiene dimer or RJ-4, is a liquid rocket propellant used in missiles and jet engines.
The Grand Tour is a British motoring television series for Amazon Video, presented by Jeremy Clarkson, Richard Hammond, and James May, and produced by Andy Wilman.
Thrust-specific fuel consumption (TSFC) is the fuel efficiency of an engine design with respect to thrust output.
Thrust vectoring, also thrust vector control or TVC, is the ability of an aircraft, rocket, or other vehicle to manipulate the direction of the thrust from its engine(s) or motor(s) in order to control the attitude or angular velocity of the vehicle.
ThrustSSC, Thrust SSC or Thrust supersonic car, is a British jet-propelled car developed by Richard Noble, Glynne Bowsher, Ron Ayers, Jeremy Bliss, Reece Liebenberg and Joshua Hambury.
Gatwick Airport was in Surrey until 1974, when it became part of West Sussex as a result of a county boundary change.
This article outlines the important developments in the history of the development of the air-breathing (duct) jet engine.
The Tomahawk Land Attack Missile (TLAM) is a long-range, all-weather, subsonic cruise missile that is primarily used by the United States Navy and Royal Navy in ship and submarine-based land-attack operations.
is a Japanese tokusatsu television series based on Takara Tomy's Tomica toy car line.
is a Japanese tokusatsu television series that began airing April 5, 2008, on TV Aichi.
A trijet is a jet aircraft powered by three jet engines.
The Tsybin RSR (Reactivnyi Strategicheskii Razvedchik) was a Soviet design for an advanced, long-range, Mach 3 strategic reconnaissance aircraft.
Tupolev (Ту́полев) is a Russian aerospace and defence company, headquartered in Basmanny District, Central Administrative Okrug, Moscow.
The Tupolev Tu-104 (NATO reporting name: Camel) was a twinjet medium-range narrow-body turbojet-powered Soviet airliner.
The Tupolev Tu-124 (NATO reporting name: Cookpot) was a 56-passenger short-range twinjet airliner built in the Soviet Union.
The Tupolev Tu-134 (NATO reporting name: Crusty) is a twin-engined, narrow-body, jet airliner built in the Soviet Union from 1966 to 1989.
The Tupolev Tu-144 (Tyполев Ту-144; NATO reporting name: Charger) is a retired jet airliner and commercial supersonic transport aircraft (SST).
The Tupolev Tu-154 (Tyполев Ту-154; NATO reporting name: "Careless") is a three-engine medium-range narrow-body airliner designed in the mid-1960s and manufactured by Tupolev.
The Tupolev Tu-160 (White Swan; NATO reporting name: Blackjack) is a supersonic, variable-sweep wing heavy strategic bomber designed by the Tupolev Design Bureau in the Soviet Union.
The Tupolev Tu-204 (Туполев Ту-204) is a twin-engined medium-range jet airliner capable of carrying 210 passengers, designed by Tupolev and produced by Aviastar SP and Kazan Aircraft Production Association.
The Tupolev Tu-22M (Russian: Туполев Ту-22М; NATO reporting name: Backfire) is a supersonic, variable-sweep wing, long-range strategic and maritime strike bomber developed by the Tupolev Design Bureau.
The Tupolev Tu-244 was a proposed supersonic transport (SST) aircraft, developed from the Tu-144.
The Tupolev Tu-324 is a 30–50 seat regional passenger airliner.
The Tupolev Tu-330 is a proposed modern medium-transport aircraft from the Russian airplane manufacturer Tupolev PSC.
The Tupolev Tu-334 (Туполев Ту-334) was a Russian short-to-medium range airliner project that was developed to replace the ageing Tu-134s and Yak-42s in service around the world.
A turbine (from the Latin turbo, a vortex, related to the Greek τύρβη, tyrbē, meaning "turbulence") is a rotary mechanical device that extracts energy from a fluid flow and converts it into useful work.
A turbo-compound engine is a reciprocating engine that employs a turbine to recover energy from the exhaust gases.
Turbo-Union Limited is a joint venture between three European aero-engine manufacturers, FiatAvio (now Avio), MTU Aero Engines and Rolls-Royce.
The Turbo-Union RB199 is an aircraft turbofan jet engine designed and built in the early 1970s by Turbo-Union, a joint venture between Rolls-Royce, MTU and FiatAvio.
The turbofan or fanjet is a type of airbreathing jet engine that is widely used in aircraft propulsion.
The turbojet is an airbreathing jet engine, typically used in aircraft.
Between 1936 and 1940 Alan Arnold Griffith designed a series of turbine engines that were built under the direction of Hayne Constant at the Royal Aircraft Establishment (RAE).
Turbomachinery, in mechanical engineering, describes machines that transfer energy between a rotor and a fluid, including both turbines and compressors.
The Turbomeca Aspin was a small French turbofan engine produced by Turbomeca in the early 1950s.
The Turbomeca Astafan is a single-spool, variable-pitch turbofan engine developed from the Turbomeca Astazou.
The Turbomeca Aubisque was a small turbofan engine designed and produced by Turbomeca in the 1960s.
A turboprop engine is a turbine engine that drives an aircraft propeller.
A turboshaft engine is a form of gas turbine that is optimized to produce shaft power rather than jet thrust.
Turkish Airlines Flight 158 was a scheduled domestic passenger flight from Istanbul Yeşilköy Airport to Ankara Esenboğa Airport, Turkey.
The 1974 Turkish Airlines Izmir crash occurred on January 26, 1974 when a Turkish Airlines Fokker F28-1000 Fellowship airliner, registration TC-JAO, named Van, on a domestic flight in Turkey from Izmir Cumaovası Airport (IZM) to Istanbul Yeşilköy Airport (IST/LTBA), stalled shortly after takeoff due to over rotation and frost accretion on the wings, crashed and caught fire.
Turkish Airlines Flight 452 was a scheduled domestic passenger flight from Istanbul Atatürk Airport to Antalya Airport, Turkey.
Turkish Airlines Flight 634 was a scheduled domestic passenger flight from Turkish Airlines' hub at Istanbul Atatürk Airport to Diyarbakır Airport in southeastern Turkey.
Turkish Engine Center (TEC) is a joint venture between Pratt & Whitney and Turkish Technic for the maintenance, overhaul and repair of turbofan aircraft CFM56 and V2500 engines.
Union de Transports Aériens (UTA), formed in 1963 as a result of a merger between Union Aéromaritime de Transport (UAT) and Transports Aériens Intercontinentaux (TAI), was the largest wholly privately owned, independentindependent from government-owned corporations airline in France.
Unison Industries, LLC, headquartered Jacksonville, Florida, is involved in the design, manufacture, and integration of electrical and mechanical components and systems for aircraft engines and airframes.
The PJSC United Aircraft Corporation (UAC) is a Russian aerospace and defense corporation.
United Airlines Flight 232 was a DC-10, registered as N1819U, that crash-landed at Sioux City, Iowa on July 19, 1989 after suffering catastrophic failure of its tail-mounted engine, which led to the loss of many flight controls.
The United States military aircraft engine designation system was introduced in 1926, originally for piston engines it was expanded in the 1947 to include a separate system for turbine and rocket engines.
US Airways Flight 1549 was an Airbus A320-214 which, in the climbout after takeoff from New York City's LaGuardia Airport on January 15, 2009, struck a flock of Canada geese just northeast of the George Washington Bridge and consequently lost all engine power.
The VFW VAK 191B was an experimental German vertical take-off and landing (VTOL) strike fighter of the early 1970s.
The VFW-Fokker 614 (also VFW 614) was a twin-engined jetliner designed and constructed by West German aviation company VFW-Fokker.
The Vickers-Armstrongs V-1000 was an intended jet-powered cargo aircraft that was designed to meet a requirement issued by the British Ministry of Supply which sought a strategic transport for the Royal Air Force (RAF) to support its strategic bomber fleet, particularly the V-bombers.
The Vickers-Armstrongs Valiant was a British four-jet high-altitude bomber, and was part of the Royal Air Force's V bomber nuclear force in the 1950s and 1960s.
The Vickers VC10 is a mid-sized, narrow-body long-range British jet airliner designed and built by Vickers-Armstrongs (Aircraft) Ltd and first flown at Brooklands, Surrey, in 1962.
The Scaled Composites Model 311 Virgin Atlantic GlobalFlyer (registered N277SF) is an aircraft designed by Burt Rutan in which Steve Fossett flew a solo nonstop airplane flight around the world in 2 days 19 hours and 1 minute (67 hours 1 minute) from February 28 to March 3, 2005.
The VisionAire VA-10 Vantage is a prototype single-engined light business-jet (or "very light jet") designed and developed by the American company VisionAire Jets Corporation.
Marine Attack Squadron 214 (VMA-214) is a United States Marine Corps fighter squadron consisting of AV-8B Harrier (V/STOL) jets.
Marine Attack Squadron 223 (VMA-223) is a United States Marine Corps fixed wing attack squadron that consists of McDonnell-Douglas AV-8B Harrier II (V/STOL) jets.
Marine Attack Squadron 231 (VMA-231) is a United States Marine Corps fixed wing attack squadron that consists of AV-8B Harrier (V/STOL) jets.
Marine Attack Squadron 311 (VMA-311) is a United States Marine Corps ATTACK squadron consisting of AV-8B Harrier (V/STOL) jets.
Marine Attack Squadron 513 (VMA-513) was a United States Marine Corps attack squadron consisting of AV-8B Harrier (V/STOL) jets.
Marine Attack Squadron 542 (VMA-542) is a United States Marine Corps fixed wing attack squadron that consists of AV-8B Harrier (V/STOL) jets.
Marine Tactical Electronic Warfare Training Squadron 1 (VMAQT-1) is a United States Marine Corps electronic warfare training squadron consisting of EA-6B Prowler jets.
The Volvo RM12 is a low-bypass afterburning turbofan jet engine developed for the Saab JAS 39 Gripen fighter.
The Volvo RM8 is a low-bypass afterburning turbofan jet engine developed for the Saab 37 Viggen fighter.
In fluid dynamics, a vortex (plural vortices/vortexes) is a region in a fluid in which the flow revolves around an axis line, which may be straight or curved.
The Vought/General Dynamics Model 1600 series was a prototype fighter aircraft proposal designed for the United States Navy's Navy Air Combat Fighter (NACF) program.
The Vought YA-7F "Strikefighter" is a prototype transonic attack aircraft based on the subsonic A-7 Corsair II.
In internal combustion engines, water injection, also known as anti-detonant injection (ADI), can spray water into the incoming air or fuel-air mixture, or directly into the cylinder to cool certain parts of the induction system where "hot points" could produce premature ignition.
A wide chord fan engine is a term to describe a modern turbofan jet engine having a ducted fan with a specific blade geometry - In layman's terms, they would be described as having wider blades than other jet engines.
The Williams EJ22 was a small turbofan engine that was being developed by Williams International for very light jet (VLJ) aircraft applications.
The Williams F107 (company designation WR19) is a small turbofan engine made by Williams International.
The Williams F112 is a small turbofan engine made by Williams International designed to power cruise missiles.
The Williams F121 (company designation WR36-1) is a small turbofan engine designed for use in the AGM-136 Tacit Rainbow anti-radiation cruise missile.
The Williams FJ33 is a family of turbofan jet engines intended for use in very light jet aircraft.
The Williams FJ44 is a family of small, two-spool, turbofan engines produced by Williams International/Rolls-Royce for the light business jet market.
Williams International is an American manufacturer of small gas turbine engines based in Commerce Township, Michigan, United States.
The Williams V-Jet II was designed and built by Burt Rutan's Scaled Composites for Williams International as a test bed and demonstrator aircraft for Williams' new FJX-1 turbofan engine.
The Williams X-Jet, created by Williams International, was a small, one-man, light-weight, Vertical Take Off and Landing (VTOL) aircraft powered by a modified Williams F107 turbofan aircraft engine designated WR-19-7 after some minor modifications.
A wind tunnel is a tool used in aerodynamic research to study the effects of air moving past solid objects.
Worldwide Aeros Corp is an American manufacturer of airships based in Montebello, California.
The Woshan WS-6 was an unsuccessful Chinese turbofan production programme.
The X24 is one of the few configurations of X-type engines known to have been produced.
Xenu, also called Xemu, was, according to Scientology founder L. Ron Hubbard, the dictator of the "Galactic Confederacy" who 75 million years ago brought billionsAs 109, or thousands of millions in Long Scale of his people to Earth (then known as "Teegeeack") in DC-8-like spacecraft, stacked them around volcanoes, and killed them with hydrogen bombs.
The Xi'an Y-20 is a large military transport aircraft.
The Xian H-6 is a licence-built version of the Soviet Tupolev Tu-16 twin-engine jet bomber, built for the Chinese People's Liberation Army Air Force.
The Xian H-8 bomber was a Chinese military aircraft and a possible successor to the aging twin-engined H-6 jet bomber.
The Xian JH-7 (Jianjiji Hongzhaji – fighter-bomber); NATO reporting name Flounder, also known as the FBC-1 (Fighter/Bomber China-1) Flying Leopard, is a tandem two-seat, twin-engine fighter-bomber in service with the People's Liberation Army Naval Air Force (PLANAF), and the People's Liberation Army Air Force (PLAAF).
The WS-15, codename Emei, is a Chinese afterburning turbofan engine designed by the Shenyang Aeroengine Research Institute and manufactured by the Xi'an Aero-Engine Corporation, used to power China's Chengdu J-20 fighter, which would be able to achieve supercruise.
The Yakovlev Yak-141 (Яковлев Як-141; NATO reporting name "Freestyle"), also known as the Yak-41, was a Soviet supersonic vertical takeoff/landing (VTOL) fighter aircraft designed by Yakovlev.
The Yakovlev Yak-40 (Яковлев Як-40; NATO reporting name: Codling) is a small, three-engined jet airliner.
The Yakovlev Yak-42 (Яковлев Як-42; NATO reporting name: "Clobber") is a 100/120-seat three-engined mid-range passenger jet.
The Zero Emission Hyper Sonic Transport or ZEHST is a planned supersonic passenger jet airliner project by EADS and Japan.
This is a list of aviation-related events from 1970.
The 1977 Dan-Air/IAS Cargo Boeing 707 crash was a fatal accident involving a Boeing 707-321C cargo aircraft operated by Dan Air Services Limited on behalf of International Aviation Services Limited (trading as IAS Cargo Airlines at the time of the accident), which had been sub-contracted by Zambia Airways Corporation to operate a weekly scheduled all-cargo service between London Heathrow and the Zambian capital Lusaka via Athens and Nairobi.
The 1979 Dniprodzerzhynsk mid-air collision occurred on 11 August 1979 over the Ukrainian SSR, near the city formerly named Dniprodzerzhynsk.
The 1979 Turkish Airlines Ankara crash occurred on December 23, 1979, when a Turkish Airlines Fokker F28 Fellowship 1000 airliner, registration TC-JAT, named Trabzon, on a domestic passenger flight from Samsun Airport to Esenboğa International Airport in Ankara, flew into the side of a hill near the village of Kuyumcuköy in Çubuk district of Ankara Province, north-northeast of the destination airport on approach to landing.
This is a list of aviation-related events from 1986.
On Friday, 24 June 1994, a United States Air Force (USAF) Boeing B-52 Stratofortress crashed at Fairchild Air Force Base, Washington, United States, after its pilot, Lieutenant Colonel Arthur "Bud" Holland, maneuvered the bomber beyond its operational limits and lost control.
The 99th Air Refueling Squadron is part of the 6th Air Mobility Wing at MacDill Air Force Base, Florida, but is stationed at Birmingham Air National Guard Base, Alabama.
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