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The Angel Aircraft Corporation Model 44 Angel is a twin-engine STOL utility aircraft produced in the United States since the mid-1990s.
The AASI Jetcruzer was an American single turboprop light civil transport made by Advanced Aerodynamics and Structures Inc.
The Aérospatiale SN 601 Corvette is a French business jet of the early 1970s developed and manufactured by aerospace manufacturer Aérospatiale.
AC 25.1309–1 is an FAA Advisory Circular (AC) (Subject: System Design and Analysis) that describes acceptable means for showing compliance with the airworthiness requirements of § 25.1309 of the Federal Aviation Regulations.
The Aces High Cuby is a family of Canadian single engine, high wing, strut-braced, light sports planes with conventional landing gear that was marketed for homebuilding by Aces High Light Aircraft of London, Ontario.
The Adam A500 is an American six-seat civil utility aircraft that was produced by Adam Aircraft Industries.
The ADC Cirrus and Cirrus-Hermes are British aero engines of the mid-1920s.
The Aero Ae270 Spirit is a single-engine turboprop general utility aircraft that was developed by the Czech aircraft company Aero Vodochody.
Aero AT Sp.z o.o. is a Polish light aircraft manufacturer founded by Tomasz Antoniewski in Warsaw in 1994.
The Aero AT-3 is a two-seat, low wing, utility aircraft manufactured in Poland by Aero AT in ready-to-fly certificated form and as a kitplane.
Aeronautical Engineers Australia (AEA) is an Australian aeronautical engineering consultancy and aircraft technical service provider.
The Aerocar IMP (for Independently Made Plane) was an unconventional light aircraft designed by Moulton Taylor and marketed for homebuilding.
The Aerolab LoCamp is an Italian amateur-built aircraft, designed and originally produced by Aerolab SRL of Gallarate.
The Aeronca Model 7 Champion, commonly known as the "Champ", or "Airknocker",Bellanca Aircraft Corp, "," Flying Annual & Pilots' Guide, 1971 ed., pp.36–37, NY is a single-engine, two-seat, light airplane, with a high wing and fixed conventional landing gear.
The Aeronca 15AC Sedan is a four-seat, fixed conventional gear light airplane which was produced by Aeronca Aircraft between 1948 and 1951.
The Aeros Cross Country, sometimes called the Aeros Cross-Country, is a Ukrainian ultralight trike, designed and produced by Aeros of Kiev.
An aerospace manufacturer is a company or individual involved in the various aspects of designing, building, testing, selling, and maintaining aircraft, aircraft parts, missiles, rockets, or spacecraft.
The Aerotique Parasol is an American parasol-wing, strut-braced, conventional landing gear, single-seat, open cockpit, single engine in tractor configuration, ultralight aircraft that was designed as an ultralight version of the 1926 vintage Heath Parasol.
The AgustaWestland AW189 is a twin-engined, medium-lift helicopter manufactured by Leonardo (formerly AgustaWestland, merged into Leonardo-Finmeccanica since 2016).
The AgustaWestland AW609, formerly the Bell/Agusta BA609, is a twin-engined tiltrotor VTOL aircraft with a configuration similar to the Bell Boeing V-22 Osprey.
The Ahrens AR 404 was a prototype American civil transport aircraft first flown in 1976, a high-wing monoplane powered by four turboprop engines.
The Air Tractor AT-300 is a family of agricultural aircraft that first flew in the United States on September 1973.
The Air Tractor AT-400 is a family of agricultural aircraft that first flew in the United States on September 1979.
The Airbus A300 is a wide-body twin-engine jet airliner that was developed and manufactured by Airbus.
The Airbus A320 family consists of short- to medium-range, narrow-body, commercial passenger twin-engine jet airliners manufactured by Airbus.
The Airbus A320neo family (neo for new engine option) is a development of the A320 family of narrow-body airliners produced by Airbus, the original family is renamed A320ceo, for current engine option.
The Airbus A380 is a double-deck, wide-body, four-engine jet airliner manufactured by multi-national manufacturer Airbus.
The Airbus CityAirbus is a multinational project by Airbus Helicopters to produce an electrically-powered VTOL aircraft demonstrator.
The Airbus E-Fan is a prototype two-seater electric aircraft that was under development by Airbus.
The Airbus/Rolls-Royce/Siemens E-Fan X is a hybrid-electric aircraft demonstrator being developed from a BAe 146 by a partnership of Airbus, Rolls-Royce plc and Siemens.
The Airbus Helicopters H175 is a 7-ton class medium utility helicopter produced by Airbus Helicopters (formerly Eurocopter Group).
Aircraft design may refer to.
The dynamic stability of an aircraft refers to how the aircraft behaves after it has been disturbed following steady non-oscillating flight.
Aircraft fabric covering is a term used for both the material used and the process of covering aircraft open structures.
Aircraft maintenance is the overhaul, repair, inspection or modification of an aircraft or aircraft component.
An aircraft part is an article or component approved for installation on a type-certificated aircraft.
Aircraft type clubs are organizations that provide information and support to a single aircraft type or a group of aircraft types from the same manufacturer or family of aircraft.
The airframe of an aircraft is its mechanical structure.
Airship Industries was a British manufacturers of modern non-rigid airships (blimps) active under that name from 1970 to 1990 and controlled for part of that time by Alan Bond.
Airworthiness is the measure of an aircraft's suitability for safe flight.
A Certificate of Airworthiness is a permit for operation, issued for an aircraft by the national aviation authority in the state/nation in which the aircraft is registered.
An airworthiness directive (commonly abbreviated as AD) is a notification to owners and operators of certified aircraft that a known safety deficiency with a particular model of aircraft, engine, avionics or other system exists and must be corrected.
Alaska Airlines Flight 261 was a scheduled international passenger flight from Licenciado Gustavo Díaz Ordaz International Airport in Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco, Mexico, to Seattle–Tacoma International Airport in Seattle, Washington, United States, with an intermediate stop at San Francisco International Airport in San Francisco, California.
The Alenia Aermacchi M-346 Master is a military twin-engine transonic trainer aircraft.
Alfred Victor Verville (November 16, 1890 – March 10, 1970) was an aviation pioneer and aircraft designer who contributed to civilian and military aviation.
The Allen Aircraft Engine Co. of Compton, a suburb of Los Angeles California, developed an eight-cylinder horizontally opposed aircraft engine during 1928–1929.
The Allison V-1710 aircraft engine designed and produced by the Allison Engine Company was the only US-developed V-12 liquid-cooled engine to see service during World War II.
The Allstar SZD-54 Perkoz (Grebe) is a Polish two-seat, glider, designed and produced by Allstar PZL Glider of Bielsko-Biała.
American Airlines Flight 191 was a regularly scheduled passenger flight operated by American Airlines from Chicago's O'Hare International Airport to Los Angeles International Airport.
American Airlines Flight 587 was a regularly scheduled international passenger flight from New York's John F. Kennedy International Airport to Las Américas International Airport in Santo Domingo, capital of the Dominican Republic.
The Anahuac Tauro is a Mexican agricultural aircraft built in small numbers in the late 1960s and 1970s.
The Anderson Greenwood AG-14 is a two-seat utility aircraft developed in the United States shortly after World War II.
In aerodynamics, climb gradient is the ratio between distance travelled over the ground and altitude gained, and is expressed as a percentage.
The Antonov An-8 (NATO reporting name: Camp) is a Soviet-designed twin-turboprop, high-wing light military transport aircraft.
Applebay Sailplanes was an American aircraft manufacturer, founded by George Applebay and based in Albuquerque, New Mexico.
The Applebay Zia is an American, single-seat, high-wing, twin-boom, pusher configuration motor glider that was designed by George Applebay for the 1982 Sailplane Homebuilders Association Homebuilt Sailplane Design Contest.
The Aquila A 211 is a German, two seat side-by-side configuration light aircraft, built by Aquila Aviation.
The Arctic Aircraft Arctic Tern (named after the bird) is a bush plane that was produced in small numbers in Alaska in the 1970s and 1980s.
The Armstrong Whitworth Argosy was a British post-war military transport/cargo aircraft and was the last aircraft produced by Armstrong Whitworth Aircraft.
ARP4754, Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) ARP4754A (Guidelines For Development Of Civil Aircraft and Systems), is a guideline from SAE International, dealing with the development processes which support certification of Aircraft systems.
Arseny Mironov (born 25 December 1917) — scientist, engineer, pilot, oldest active researcher in aircraft aerodynamics and flight testing, one of the Gromov Flight Research Institute directors (1981-1985), doctor of technical science, professor, recipient of the Stalin Prize (1948) and USSR State Prize (1976), Zhukovsky Honorary Citizen.
The ARV Super2 is a British two-seat, strut-braced, shoulder wing, tricycle landing gear light aircraft designed by Bruce Giddings.
The ATR 42 is a twin-turboprop, short-haul regional airliner developed and manufactured in France and Italy by ATR (Aerei da Trasporto Regionale or Avions de transport régional), a joint venture formed by French aerospace company Aérospatiale (now Airbus) and Italian aviation conglomerate Aeritalia (now Leonardo S.p.A.). The number "42" in its name is derived from the aircraft's standard seating configuration in a passenger-carrying configuration, which typically varies between 40 and 52 passengers.
The Austin Whippet was a British single-seat light aircraft designed and built by the Austin Motor Company just after the First World War.
The Austro Engine EA50R is an Austrian aircraft engine, produced by Austro Engine of Wiener Neustadt for use in motorgliders and UAVs.
The Austro Engine E4 (marketed as the AE 300) is a liquid-cooled, inline, four-cylinder, four-stroke, diesel piston aircraft engine.
Autorotation is a state of flight in which the main rotor system of a helicopter or similar aircraft turns by the action of air moving up through the rotor, as with an autogyro, rather than engine power driving the rotor.
Avgas (aviation gasoline, also known as aviation spirit in the UK), is an aviation fuel used in spark-ignited internal-combustion engines to propel aircraft.
The Aviadesign A-16 Sport Falcon is an American light-sport aircraft that was designed by Aviadesign, a certified aircraft modification company based in Camarillo, California.
The Aviastroitel AC-4 Russia is a Russian mid-wing, single-seat glider designed by Vladimir Egorovich Fedorov and produced by Aircraft Cooperative Mechta, which became Aviastroitel, now Glider Air Craft.
The Aviastroitel AC-5M is a Russian mid-wing, single-seat, T-tailed motor glider and unmanned aerial vehicle that is produced by Aviastroitel, now Glider Air Craft.
The Aviat Husky is a tandem two-seat, high-wing, utility light aircraft built by Aviat Aircraft of Afton, Wyoming.
The Aviate Raptor is a South African two-seat ultralight trike that was designed by Manfred Springer and produced by Aviate Products of Booysens.
The Aviation Industries of Iran AVA-202 is an Iranian two-seat, light aircraft designed as a trainer and sporting aircraft.
The Avtek 400A was a prototype turboprop-powered business aircraft developed in the United States in the early 1980s.
Société anonyme des établissments Emile Regnier (En: Emile Regnier limited company) was a French aircraft engine manufacturer founded by Émile Régnier in the 1920s.
Étienne Dormoy (Vandoncourt, France, 10 February 1885 – San Diego, USA, 28 February 1959) was an aeronautical engineer and a designer of aircraft.
The British Aircraft Corporation One-Eleven, also known as the BAC-111 or BAC 1-11, is a British short-range jet airliner used during the 1960s and 1970s.
The BAC Two-Eleven and BAC Three-Eleven were pair of proposals for British airliners that were produced by the British Aircraft Corporation (BAC) during the late 1960s.
A ballistic parachute, ballistic reserve parachute, or emergency ballistic reserve parachute, is a parachute ejected from its casing by a small explosion, much like that used in an ejection seat.
Ballistic Recovery Systems, Inc. (commonly referred to as BRS Aerospace, or simply BRS) is a manufacturer of aircraft ballistic parachutes.
The Barr 6, also called the Barr Six, Barr 06 and more recently the Morrison 6, is an American amateur-built aircraft that was initially produced by Barr Aircraft of Williamsport, Pennsylvania and now by Morrison Aircraft of Nambour, Queensland, Australia.
Beginning in the late 1950s the United States aircraft company Bay Aviation (formerly Oakland Airmotive) produced nine twin-engine conversions of the Beechcraft Bonanza called the Super "V" Bonanza.
The Beechcraft Bonanza is an American general aviation aircraft introduced in 1947 by Beech Aircraft Corporation of Wichita, Kansas.
The Beechcraft 60 Duke is an American-built twin-engine fixed-wing aircraft created by Beechcraft.
The Beechcraft Musketeer is a family of single-engined, low-wing, light aircraft that was produced by Beechcraft.
The Beechcraft Queen Air is a twin-engined light aircraft produced by Beechcraft in several versions from 1960 to 1978.
The Beechcraft Model 50 Twin Bonanza is a small twin-engined aircraft designed by Beechcraft as an executive transport for the business market.
The Bell 204 and 205 are the civilian versions of the UH-1 Iroquois single-engine military helicopter of the Huey family of helicopters.
The Bell 47 is a single rotor single engine light helicopter manufactured by Bell Helicopter.
The Bell 505 Jet Ranger X (JRX) is an American/Canadian light helicopter developed and produced by Bell Helicopter.
The Bellanca T-250 Aries was a light airplane built in the United States in the early 1970s, which achieved only limited production.
The Bellanca CH-200 Pacemaker was a six-seat, high-wing, single-engine utility aircraft built in the United States in the 1920s.
The Berkshire Concept 70, sometimes called simply the C-70, is an American, single seat, high-wing, 15 metre class competition glider that was designed by Arthur Zimmermann and produced by the Berkshire Manufacturing Corporation of Lake Swannanoa, New Jersey between 1971 and 1974.
The Blume Bl.500, Bl.502, and Bl.503 were a family of four-seat light aircraft designed in West Germany by Dr Walter Blume in the late 1950s.
The Boeing 707 is a mid-sized, long-range, narrow-body, four-engine jet airliner built by Boeing Commercial Airplanes from 1958 to 1979.
The Boeing 747 is an American wide-body commercial jet airliner and cargo aircraft, often referred to by its original nickname, "Jumbo Jet".
The Boeing 747-8 is a wide-body jet airliner developed by Boeing Commercial Airplanes.
The Boeing 777X is a new series of the long-range wide-body twin-engine Boeing 777 family that is under development by Boeing Commercial Airplanes.
The Boeing 787 Dreamliner is an American long-haul, mid-size widebody, twin-engine jet airliner made by Boeing Commercial Airplanes.
The Boeing 80 was an American airliner of the 1920s.
The Boeing CH-47 Chinook is an American twin-engine, tandem-rotor, heavy-lift helicopter developed by American rotorcraft company Vertol and manufactured by Boeing Vertol (later known as Boeing Rotorcraft Systems).
The Boeing KC-46 Pegasus is a military aerial refueling and strategic military transport aircraft developed by Boeing from its 767 jet airliner.
Boeing Rotorcraft Systems (formerly Boeing Helicopters and before that Boeing Vertol) is the former name of a US aircraft manufacturer, now known as Vertical Lift division of Boeing Defense, Space & Security.
The Boeing Vertol CH-46 Sea Knight is a medium-lift tandem-rotor transport helicopter powered by twin turboshaft engines.
The Challenger 300 is a range super-midsize business jet, developed by Bombardier Aerospace, announced in 1999 and introduced in 2004.
The Bombardier CSeries or C Series is a family of narrow-body, twin-engine, medium-range jet airliners designed by Canadian manufacturer Bombardier Aerospace.
The Bombardier Global Express is a large cabin, ultra long range business jet manufactured by Bombardier Aerospace in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
The Bowlus BA-100 Baby Albatross is an American high-wing, strut-braced, open cockpit, pod-and-boom glider that was designed by Hawley Bowlus and introduced in 1938.
Brake to Vacate (BTV) is additional software planned by Airbus for incorporation on its line of airliners, intended to reduce runway overruns.
The Braunschweig LF-1 Zaunkönig, (LF – Langsames Flugzeug – literally, slow aircraft), is a STOL single-seat light aircraft designed in 1939 by Prof.
The Briegleb BG-7 is an American strut-braced high-wing, single seat glider that was designed by William G. Briegleb and produced by the Sailplane Corporation of America as a completed aircraft and also as a kit.
The Bristol Ten-seater and Bristol Brandon were British single-engine biplane transport aircraft built by the Bristol Aeroplane Company in the early 1920s.
The Theseus was the Bristol Aeroplane Company's first attempt at a gas-turbine engine design, a turboprop that delivered just over 2,000 hp (1,500 kW).
The Britten-Norman BN-2 Islander is a British light utility aircraft and regional airliner designed and originally manufactured by Britten-Norman of the United Kingdom.
Brumby Aircraft Australia is an Australian aircraft manufacturer that produces a range of kit- and ready-built civil light aircraft.
The Brumby Aircruiser is a four-seat general aviation aircraft currently under development by Brumby Aircraft Australia.
The Buckley LC-4 "Witchcraft" was an advanced all metal monoplane built by the short-lived Buckley Airplane Company.
The Buhl Aircraft Company is a US aircraft manufacturer founded in Detroit in 1925 with operation until 1933.
The Buhl-Verville CA-3 Airster (also known as the J4 Airster, after its engine), was a utility aircraft built in the United States in 1926, notable as the first aircraft to receive a type certificate in the US, (i.e. A.T.C. No. 1) issued by the Aeronautics Branch of the Department of Commerce on March 29, 1927.
Burl's Aircraft LLC is an American aircraft parts manufacturer located in Chugiak, Alaska.
The Bye Aerospace Sun Flyer (also previously known as the Aero Electric Aircraft Corporation Sun Flyer) is an electric aircraft that was developed from the PC-Aero Elektra One by Bye Aerospace's Aero Electric Aircraft Corporation division of Denver, Colorado, United States, introduced in 2015.
The Bye Aerospace Sun Flyer 2 is an American electric light aircraft designed and under development by Bye Aerospace of Denver, Colorado.
The Bye Aerospace Sun Flyer 4 is an American electric aircraft under development by Bye Aerospace of Denver, Colorado.
The CAB GY-20 Minicab is a two-seat light aircraft built in France in the years immediately following World War II.
The Camair Twin Navion was a civil utility aircraft produced in the United States in the 1950s by converting single-engine Ryan Navions to twin-engine power.
The Bombardier 415, previously known as the Canadair CL-415, is a Canadian amphibious aircraft purpose-built as a water bomber.
The CAP-5 Carioca was a civil trainer aircraft developed in Brazil during World War II.
The Carplane GmbH Carplane is a German roadable aircraft under development by Carplane GmbH of Braunschweig.
Certification refers to the confirmation of certain characteristics of an object, person, or organization.
The Cessna Aircraft Company was an American general aviation aircraft manufacturing corporation headquartered in Wichita, Kansas.
The Cessna 120, 140, and 140A, are single-engine, two-seat, conventional landing gear (tailwheel), light general aviation aircraft that were first produced in 1946, immediately following the end of World War II.
The Cessna 162 Skycatcher is an American side-by-side two-seat, high-wing, strut-braced, tricycle gear light-sport aircraft (LSA) that was designed and produced by Cessna between December 2009 and December 2013.
The Cessna 175 Skylark is a four-seat, single-engine, high-wing airplane produced by Cessna between 1958 and 1962.
The Cessna 190 and 195 Businessliner are a family of light single radial engine powered, conventional landing gear equipped, general aviation aircraft which were manufactured by Cessna between 1947 and 1954.
The Cessna 340 is a twin piston engine pressurized business aircraft that was manufactured by Cessna.
The Cessna 350 Corvalis is a composite construction, single-engine, normally aspirated, fixed-gear, low-wing general aviation aircraft that was built by Cessna Aircraft until the end of 2010.
The Cessna 400, marketed as the Cessna TTx, is a single-engine, fixed-gear, low-wing general aviation aircraft built from composite materials by Cessna Aircraft.
The Cessna 401 and 402 are series of 6 to 10 seat, light twin, piston engine aircraft.
The Cessna 421 Golden Eagle is an American six or seven seat twin-engined light transport aircraft, developed in the 1960s by Cessna as a pressurized version of the earlier Cessna 411.
The Cessna Citation III was the first of the Model 650 series of Citation jets, which are mid-sized, high-performance business jets.
The Cessna Citation Mustang, Model 510, is a very light jet (VLJ) class business jet built by Cessna Aircraft Company at their Independence, Kansas production facility.
The Cessna Model DC-6 was a 1920s American high-wing four-seat tourer built by the Cessna Aircraft Company.
The Champion 402 Lancer is a twin-engine trainer produced by Champion Aircraft, based on the tricycle gear Champion 7FC Tri-Traveler, but powered by two wing-mounted Continental O-200-A engines.
The Cirrus Design Corporation, doing business as Cirrus Aircraft (and formally Cirrus Design), is an aircraft manufacturer that was founded in 1984 by Alan and Dale Klapmeier to produce the VK-30 kit aircraft.
The Cirrus Vision SF50, also called the "Vision Jet", is a single-engine, low-wing, seven-seat, very light jet aircraft designed and produced by Cirrus Aircraft.
The Civil Aviation Department Revathi was a light utility aircraft designed in India principally for use by that country's flying clubs.
The Cobalt Co50 Valkyrie is a single-engine, four to five-seat homebuilt aircraft, arranged in a canard, pusher configuration.
The Columbia Aircraft Manufacturing Corporation was an aircraft manufacturer that designed and built light general aviation aircraft.
Columbia Helicopters, Incorporated, or CHI, is an aircraft manufacturing and operator company based in Aurora, Oregon, United States.
The Comac C919 is a narrow-body twinjet airliner developed by Chinese aerospace manufacturer Comac.
Comp Air Inc, formerly known as Aerocomp Inc, is an aircraft manufacturer based in Merritt Island, Florida, owned by Ron Lueck.
The Comp Air CA12 is a turboprop-powered civil utility aircraft currently under development.
The Consolidated Model 17 Fleetster was a 1920s American light transport monoplane aircraft built by the Consolidated Aircraft Corporation.
The Continental CD-230 is a four-cylinder, horizontally opposed aircraft Diesel engine produced by Continental Motors, Inc..
The Convair CV-240 is an American airliner produced by Convair from 1947 to 1954, initially as a possible replacement of the ubiquitous Douglas DC-3.
Cub Crafters, Inc. (often styled CubCrafters) is an aircraft manufacturer based in Yakima, Washington.
The CubCrafters CC18-180 Top Cub is an American light aircraft designed and produced by CubCrafters of Yakima, Washington, introduced in 2004.
The CubCrafters CC19-180 XCub is an American light aircraft, designed and produced by CubCrafters of Yakima, Washington, introduced in June 2016.
The Dakota Cub Super 18 is an American amateur-built aircraft, designed and produced by Dakota Cub of Sioux Falls, South Dakota.
The Dassault Falcon 20 is a French business jet developed and manufactured by Dassault Aviation.
The Dassault Falcon 50 is a French super mid-sized, long-range business jet, featuring a trijet layout with an S-duct air intake for the central engine.
The Dassault Falcon 5X is a large, long-range business jet that was under development by Dassault Aviation in France.
The Dassault Falcon 7X is a large-cabin, 5,950 nmi range business jet manufactured by Dassault Aviation, the largest of its Dassault Falcon line.
The Dassault Mercure is a twin-engined narrow-body jet-powered airliner developed and manufactured by French aircraft firm Dassault Aviation.
The Davis DA-6 is a prototype V-tailed, low wing, four-place aircraft.
de Havilland Aircraft of Canada Ltd. was an aircraft manufacturer with facilities based in what is now the Downsview area of Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
The de Havilland Canada DHC-7, popularly known as the Dash 7, is a turboprop-powered regional airliner with short take-off and landing (STOL) performance.
The de Havilland Canada DHC-2 Beaver is a single-engined high-wing propeller-driven short takeoff and landing (STOL) aircraft developed and manufactured by de Havilland Canada.
The de Havilland Canada DHC-6 Twin Otter, currently marketed as the Viking Air DHC-6 Twin Otter, is a Canadian 19-passenger STOL (Short Takeoff and Landing) utility aircraft developed by de Havilland Canada and currently produced by Viking Air.
The de Havilland Goblin, originally designated as the Halford H-1, is an early turbojet engine designed by Frank Halford and built by de Havilland.
The DeltaHawk DH160 is an American aircraft engine, under development by DeltaHawk Engines, Inc. of Racine, Wisconsin and intended for use in light aircraft.
DeltaHawk Engines, Inc.
The Denney Kitfox is a series of small side-by-side two-seat high-wing kit aircraft, designed and originally manufactured by Dan Denney and his company Denney Aerocraft of Boise, Idaho.
The Detroit G1 Gull is an American high wing, cable-braced primary glider that was manufactured by the Detroit Aircraft Corporation during the Great Depression.
The Diamond DV20/DA20 Katana is an Austrian-designed two-seat tricycle gear general aviation light aircraft.
The Diamond DA50 Super Star and DA50 Magnum are Austrian five-place single-engine composite aircraft designed by Diamond Aircraft Industries.
The Diamond HK36 Super Dimona is an extensive family of Austrian low-wing, T-tailed, two-seat motor gliders that were designed by Wolf Hoffmann and currently produced by Diamond Aircraft Industries.
The Diemech TP 100 is an American turboprop and turboshaft aircraft engine under development by Diemech Turbine Solutions of DeLand, Florida.
The Dorna D-139 Parandeh Abi (Blue Bird) is a low-wing single-engine monoplane built from composite materials in Iran.
The Dornier 328 is a turboprop-powered commuter airliner.
The Dornier Do 228 is a twin-turboprop STOL utility aircraft, manufactured by Dornier GmbH (later DASA Dornier, Fairchild-Dornier) from 1981 until 1998.
Dual Ignition is a system for spark-ignition engines, whereby critical ignition components, such as spark plugs and magnetos, are duplicated.
Duluth is a major port city in the U.S. state of Minnesota and the county seat of Saint Louis County.
The Eastman E-2 Sea Rover, also called the Beasley-Eastman E-2 Sea Rover, was a light seaplane built in the late 1920s for business and shuttle use.
The Eclipse 500 is a marketing name for the Eclipse Aerospace EA500, a small six-seat American business jet aircraft originally manufactured by Eclipse Aviation and later upgraded and sold by Eclipse Aerospace.
The Eclipse 550 is a very light jet initially built by Eclipse Aerospace and later One Aviation of Albuquerque, New Mexico, United States.
Eclipse Aerospace was an American aircraft manufacturer, maintenance and upgrade company.
An electric aircraft is an aircraft powered by electric motors.
The Emair MA-1 Paymaster was a 1960s American agricultural biplane aircraft built by Emair, which was part of the Hawaiian Murray company.
The Embraer E-Jet E2 family are medium-range jet airliners developed by Embraer, succeeding the original E-Jet.
The Embraer E-Jet family is a series of narrow-body medium-range twin-engine jet airliners, carrying 66 to 124 passengers commercially, manufactured by Brazilian aerospace manufacturer Embraer.
The Embraer EMB 110 Bandeirante is a Brazilian general purpose 15–21 passenger twin-turboprop light transport aircraft designed by Embraer for military and civil use.
The Embraer EMB 202 Ipanema is a Brazilian agricultural aircraft used for aerial application, particularly crop dusting.
The Embraer ERJ family is a series of twin-engine regional jets produced by Embraer, a Brazilian aerospace company.
The Embraer Legacy 500/450 (EMB-550/EMB-545) are Brazilianmid-size business jets launched by Embraer in April 2008, the first of their size with a flat-floor stand-up cabin and fly-by-wire.
The Embraer Lineage 1000 is a variant of the Embraer 190 regional jet airliner, launched as a private jet on May 2, 2006.
The Embraer EMB-500 Phenom 100 is a very light jet developed by Brazilian aircraft manufacturer Embraer, type certificate is EMB-500.
The Embraer EMB-505 Phenom 300 is a light jet aircraft developed by the Brazilian aerospace manufacturer Embraer.
The Embraer/FMA CBA 123 Vector (originally EMB 123 for Embraer and IA 70 for FMA) was a 1990 turboprop aircraft designed for regional flights, to carry up to 19 passengers.
Epic Aircraft is a general aviation aircraft manufacturer headquartered in Bend, Oregon that is owned by the Russian company Engineering LLC.
The Epic E1000 is an American single-engine, six-seat, turboprop light aircraft under development by Epic Aircraft of Bend Oregon.
The Epic LT is an American kit-built single-engined turboprop aircraft intended for use by private pilots.
The ERCO Ercoupe is a low-wing monoplane aircraft that was designed and built in the United States.
ETOPS is an aviation acronym for Extended Operations.
The Eurocopter (now Airbus Helicopters) AS350 Écureuil (Squirrel) (now H125) is a single-engine light utility helicopter originally designed and manufactured in France by Aérospatiale and Eurocopter (now Airbus Helicopters).
The Eurocopter EC135 (now Airbus Helicopters H135) is a twin-engine civil light utility helicopter produced by Airbus Helicopters (formerly known as Eurocopter).
The Europa XS and Europa Classic are a family of British composite two-place low-wing monoplane kit aircraft.
The European Aviation Safety Agency or EASA is an agency of the European Union with responsibility for civil aviation safety.
The Evektor VUT100 Cobra (also called the VUT 100 and VUT-100) is a Czech light aircraft under development by Evektor-Aerotechnik, of Kunovice.
The Extra Flugzeugbau EA300 is a two-seat aerobatic monoplane capable of Unlimited category competition.
The Extra EA-500 is a six-seat single-engined turboprop aircraft designed by the Extra Aircraft company.
The Fahlin SF-2 Plymocoupe was a high-wing, cantilever type, prototype experimental airplane produced in 1935.
The Fairchild 228 was a regional jet developed for the United States market by Fairchild Hiller using Fokker F28 sub-assemblies.
The Fairchild-Dornier 328JET is a commuter airliner, based upon the turboprop-powered Dornier 328.
The Fairey Ultra-light Helicopter was a small British military helicopter intended to be used for reconnaissance and casualty evacuation, designed by the Fairey Aviation Company.
Fajr F.3 (فجر اف.۳) is an Iranian full composite four-seat training/touring aircraft built by Fajr Aviation & Composites Industry.
The FFA Diamant (English: Diamond) is a family of Swiss high-wing, T-tailed, single-seat, FAI Standard Class and FAI Open Class gliders that was designed by engineering students under supervision of Professor Rauscher at the ETH Zurich and manufactured by Flug- und Fahrzeugwerke Altenrhein AG (FFA) of Altenrhein, Switzerland.
The Fibera KK-1e Utu (English: Mist) is a Finnish mid-wing, T-tailed, single-seat, FAI Standard Class glider that was designed by Ahto Anttila and produced by Fibera in the 1960s.
The Fisher FP-202 Koala and Super Koala are a family of Canadian single and two seat high wing, conventional landing gear, single engined light kit aircraft designed for construction by amateur builders.
Flaris LAR01, also variously called the LAR 1 and LAR-1, is a Polish five-seat very light jet, currently under development by Metal-Master of Jelenia Góra.
The Flight Design C4 is a German four seat, high-wing, single engine light aircraft under development by Flight Design of Leinfelden-Echterdingen.
Flight testing is a branch of aeronautical engineering that develops and gathers data during flight of an aircraft, or atmospheric testing of launch vehicles and reusable spacecraft, and then analyzes the data to evaluate the aerodynamic flight characteristics of the vehicle in order to validate the design, including safety aspects.
The Sprint is a light aircraft developed in the United Kingdom in the 1980s, originally known as the Trago Mills SAH-1.
The Fokker 100 is a medium-sized, twin-turbofan jet airliner from Fokker, the largest such aircraft built by the company before its bankruptcy in 1996.
The Fokker 50 is a turboprop-powered airliner, designed as a refinement of and successor to the highly successful Fokker F27 Friendship.
Found Aircraft Canada was an aircraft manufacturer based in Parry Sound, Ontario.
The Found FBA-2 is a 1960s Canadian four/five-seat cabin monoplane that was produced by Found Aircraft.
The Fuji FA-200 Aero Subaru is a single-engine piston-powered monoplane built by Fuji Heavy Industries of Japan.
The Fuji T-5 or KM-2Kai is a Japanese turboprop-driven primary trainer aircraft, which is a development of the earlier Fuji KM-2.
The Game Composites GB1 GameBird is a British single-engine, two-seat, aerobatic aircraft that was designed by Philipp Steinbach and the first prototype was built by Game Composites.
Garmin Ltd. (shortened to Garmin, stylized as GARMIN, and formerly known as ProNav) is an American multinational technology company founded by Gary Burrell and Min Kao in 1989 in Lenexa, Kansas, United States, with headquarters located in Olathe, Kansas.
The Gavilán 358 (English: Sparrow Hawk) is a Colombian light utility transport aircraft of the 1990s.
The General Electric Catalyst (formerly Advanced Turboprop, or ATP) is a turboprop engine under development by GE Aviation.
The General Electric GE9X is a high-bypass turbofan aircraft engine under development by GE Aviation for the Boeing 777X.
The General-Western Meteor, also called the Air Transport Mfg Meteor, Phantom Meteor and the Bantam Meteor was a parasol wing aircraft.
Glasair Aviation USA, LLC is a Chinese-owned aircraft manufacturer based in Arlington, Washington that produces the Glasair and Sportsman 2+2 line of homebuilt aircraft.
The Glasair GlaStar (sometimes Glastar) is an American amateur-built aircraft that was designed by Tom Hamilton and produced by Stoddard-Hamilton Aircraft and later Glasair Aviation.
The Glasflügel 205 Club Libelle is a high wing, T-tailed, single seat glider that was designed and produced in West Germany by Glasflügel for club and rental use.
The Glasflügel H-301 Libelle is an early composite 15-metre Class single-seat sailplane produced by Glasflügel from 1964 to 1969.
The Glidersport LightHawk is an American mid-wing, T-tailed, single-seat, microlift glider under development by Glidersport.
The Globe Swift, also known as the Globe/Temco Swift, is a light, two-seat sport monoplane from the post-World War II period.
The Grob G 120TP is a two-seat turboprop training and aerobatic low-wing aircraft with a composite airframe, built by Grob Aircraft.
The Grumman G-21 Goose is an amphibious aircraft designed by Grumman to serve as an eight-seat "commuter" aircraft for businessmen in the Long Island area.
The Grumman Gulfstream I (company designation G-159) is a twin-turboprop business aircraft.
The Guimbal Cabri G2 is a two-seat light helicopter produced by Hélicoptères Guimbal, powered by a reciprocating engine.
The Gulfstream G100, formerly known as the IAI Astra SPX, is an Israel Aerospace Industries-manufactured twin-engine business jet, formerly produced for Gulfstream Aerospace.
The Gulfstream G200, formerly known as the IAI Galaxy, is a twin-engine business jet.
The Gulfstream G500 and G600 (GVII) are twin-engine business jets designed and manufactured by Gulfstream Aerospace.
The Gulfstream G550 is a business jet aircraft produced by General Dynamics' Gulfstream Aerospace unit in Savannah, Georgia, US.
The Gulfstream G650 is a twin-engine business jet airplane produced by Gulfstream Aerospace.
The Gulfstream III, a business jet produced by Gulfstream Aerospace, is an improved variant of the Grumman Gulfstream II.
Gyroflug Ingenieurgesellscaft mbh was a German aircraft manufacturer specializing in light aircraft, whose major product was the Gyroflug Speed Canard.
The HFB 320 Hansa Jet is a twin-engine, ten-seat business jet that was built by German aircraft manufacturer Hamburger Flugzeugbau between 1964 and 1973.
The Handley Page Dart Herald was a 1950s British turboprop passenger aircraft.
The Harlow PJC-2 was a 1930s American four-seat cabin monoplane, designed by Max Harlow.
Hartzell Propeller was founded in 1917 by Robert Hartzell as the Hartzell Walnut Propeller Company.
Hava Faza Dorna Company (usually HF Dorna or just Dorna (Crane)) is an Iranian aircraft manufacturer based in Hasanabad.
The Hawker 400 is a small twinjet corporate aircraft.
Herbert Rawdon (30 December 1904 - December 1975 in Wichita, Kansas) was an American aviation pioneer.
Homebuilt aircraft, also known as amateur-built aircraft or kit planes, are constructed by persons for whom this is not a professional activity.
Honda Aircraft Company's HondaJet HA-420 is the first aircraft developed by Honda Aircraft Company.
The Hongdu N-5, (N-5 - Nongye-Feiji-5 - agricultural aircraft-5), originally known as the Nanchang N-5, is a Chinese agricultural aircraft.
The Houde Speedmax is a French racing ultralight aircraft, designed and produced by Patrice Houde of Reichshoffen.
The IAE V2500 is a two-shaft high-bypass turbofan engine which powers the Airbus A320 family (A320, A321, A319 and the Airbus Corporate Jet), the McDonnell Douglas MD-90, and the Embraer KC-390.
The IAR-824 (originally known as the ICA IS-24) was a utility aircraft built in Romania in the 1970s.
The ICON A5 is an American amphibious light-sport aircraft designed and produced by ICON Aircraft.
The Ilyushin Il-114 (Russian Илью́шин Ил-114) is a Russian twin-engine turboprop airliner, designed for local routes.
The Ilyushin Il-86 (Илью́шин Ил-86; NATO reporting name: Camber) is a short/medium-range wide-body jet airliner.
The Interceptor 400 was a turboprop-powered single-engined light aircraft developed from the Meyers 200 single engine piston plane.
The Interstate Cadet was an American two-seat tandem, high wing, single-engine monoplane light aircraft.
The Irkut MC-21 (Иркут МС-21) is a Russian single-aisle twinjet airliner, developed by the Yakovlev Design Bureau and produced by its parent Irkut, a branch of the United Aircraft Corporation (UAC).
The Issoire APM 30 Lion is a French three-seat light aircraft manufactured by Issoire Aviation of Issoire.
Jacques Rosay was Vice President Chief Test Pilot of the aircraft manufacturer Airbus.
The Javelin Aircraft Company was an American aircraft manufacturer based in Wichita, Kansas.
The Javelin V6 STOL is an American STOL homebuilt aircraft that was designed and produced by Javelin Aircraft of Wichita, Kansas.
The Jingmen A2C Ultra Seaplane is a Chinese three-seat ultralight aircraft that was designed by the China Avionics Research Institute (the 605 Institute) and produced by Jingmen Aviation of Jingmen, introduced in 2003.
The KAI KC-100 Naraon is a South Korean four-seat, low-wing, single-engine light aircraft under development by Korea Aerospace Industries that first flew on 20 July 2011.
The Kari-Keen 90 Sioux coupe was a two-seat cabin monoplane.
The Kawasaki P-1 (previously P-X, XP-1) is a Japanese maritime patrol aircraft developed and manufactured by Kawasaki Aerospace Company.
The Kennedy K-W is an American high-wing, strut-braced, single-seat glider that was designed by Harold Kennedy of Dodge City, Kansas, with assistance from Floyd Watson.
The Kestrel K-350 or Kestrel (previously the Kestrel JP10) is a high-performance, single engine turboprop, all-composite, six-seat aircraft.
The Kestrel KL-1 is an American single-engined four-seat utility aircraft designed and built in the 1990s by the Kestrel Aircraft Company of Norman, Oklahoma.
The Klapmeier brothers, Alan Lee Klapmeier (born October 6, 1958) and Dale Edward Klapmeier (born July 2, 1961), are American aircraft designers, aviation businessmen, and entrepreneurs who together founded the Cirrus Design Corporation in 1984.
The Kopter SH09 (formerly the Marenco Swisshelicopter SKYe SH09) is a Swiss five to eight seat, single-engine utility helicopter which is currently under development by Kopter.
The Laister LP-15 Nugget is an American single-seat, high-wing glider designed by Jack and Bill Laister for the FAI Standard Class.
The Laister LP-46 and LP-49 are a family of American high-wing, single-seat, gliders that were designed by Jack Laister and produced by Laister Sailplanes both as kit aircraft and as certified complete aircraft.
The Lake LA-250 Renegade is a six-seat amphibious utility aircraft produced in the United States since 1982.
The Automobili Lamborghini Advanced Composite Structures Laboratory (ACSL), commonly referred to as the Lamborghini Lab, is a research and development facility based in Seattle, Washington, which focuses on the development of carbon fiber composite technologies for Automobili Lamborghini S.p.A. The ACSL also designs and develops carbon fiber products for other organizations in other industries.
Lancair International, Inc. (pronounced "lance-air") is a U.S. manufacturer of general aviation aircraft kits.
The Lancair Evolution is an American pressurized, low wing, four-place, single engine light aircraft, made from carbon fiber composite, developed by Lancair and currently available as an amateur-built kit from Evolution Aircraft.
A leading edge cuff is a fixed aerodynamic wing device employed on fixed-wing aircraft to improve the stall and spin characteristics.
The Learjet 25 is an American ten-seat (two crew and eight passengers), twin-engine, high-speed business jet aircraft manufactured by Learjet.
The Learjet Model 35 and Model 36 are a series of American multi-role business jets and military transport aircraft manufactured by Learjet.
The Learjet 45 (LJ45) aircraft is a mid-size business jet aircraft produced by the Learjet Division of Bombardier Aerospace.
The Learjet 60 is a mid-size cabin, medium-range business jet aircraft manufactured by Bombardier Aerospace in Wichita, Kansas.
The Lehtovaara PIK-16 Vasama (Arrow) is a Finnish mid-wing, single-seat, FAI Standard Class glider that was designed by Tuomo Tervo, Jorma Jalkanen and Kurt Hedstrom, who were students at the Polyteknikkojen Ilmailukerho (PIK) and produced by Lehtovaara.
The Let L-33 Solo is a Czech shoulder-wing, single-seat, glider, designed by Marian Meciar and Vaclav Zajic, and produced by Let Kunovice.
The Let L-410 Turbolet is a twin-engine short-range transport aircraft, manufactured by the Czech aircraft manufacturer Let Kunovice (named Aircraft Industries since 2005), often used as an airliner.
The Liaoning Ruixiang RX1E is a Chinese two-seat electric aircraft, designed by the Liaoning General Aviation Academy at Shenyang Aerospace University and manufactured by the Liaoning Ruixiang General Aviation Manufacture Company Limited of Shenyang.
The Liberty XL2 is a two-seat, low-wing, general aviation aircraft that was manufactured by Liberty Aerospace of Melbourne, Florida from 2004-2011 for the personal transportation, touring and flight training roles.
The Limbach L1700 is a series of type certified German aircraft engines, designed and produced by Limbach Flugmotoren of Königswinter for use in light aircraft and motorgliders.
The Lincoln-Page PT was a trainer aircraft produced in the United States from 1929 to 1931.
A glossary of abbreviations used in relation to aviation, in alphabetical order.
The Twin Otter was and is used by dozens of airlines and militaries around the world, and was produced in three main series (100, 200, 300) until 1988.
This is a list of firsts in aviation.
The LMS-9 and LMS-19 (Russian: Легкие многоцелевые самолеты - ЛМС, Lightweight multifunctional airplanes) are light airliners projected by Austrian Diamond Aircraft and Russian Rostec via Oboronprom subsidiary Ural Works of Civil Aviation based in Yekaterinburg.
The Lockheed L-1049 Super Constellation is an American aircraft, a member of the Lockheed Constellation aircraft line.
The Lockheed L-188 Electra is an American turboprop airliner built by Lockheed.
The Lockheed L-649 Constellation was the first real civilian version of the Lockheed Constellation line, as the Lockheed L-049 Constellation was a simple redesign from the military Lockheed C-69 Constellation.
The Lockheed Model 18 Lodestar is a passenger transport aircraft of the World War II era.
The Lockheed Model 9 Orion is a single-engined passenger aircraft built in 1931 for commercial airlines.
The Luenger Beta 1 was an American high-wing, single-seat, T-tailed FAI Open Class glider designed by Hans Luenger and Spud Kohler.
Luscombe Aircraft was a United States aircraft manufacturer from 1933 to 1950.
Lycoming Engines is a major American manufacturer of aircraft engines.
The Lycoming GSO-580 is a family of eight-cylinder horizontally opposed, supercharged, carburetor-equipped aircraft engines for both airplanes and helicopters, manufactured by Lycoming Engines in the late 1950s and early 1960s.
The Lycoming IO-390 engine is a horizontally opposed, four-cylinder aircraft engine, manufactured by Lycoming Engines.
The Lycoming O-145 is a family of small, low-horsepower, four-cylinder, air-cooled horizontally opposed aircraft engine produced from 1938 until the late 1940s by Lycoming Engines.
The Lycoming O-235 is a family of four-cylinder, air-cooled, horizontally opposed piston aircraft engines that produce, derived from the earlier O-233 engine.
The Lycoming O-320 is a large family of 92 different normally aspirated, air-cooled, four-cylinder, direct-drive engines commonly used on light aircraft such as the Cessna 172 and Piper Cherokee.
The Lycoming O-340 is a family of four-cylinder horizontally opposed, carburetor-equipped aircraft engines, that was manufactured by Lycoming Engines in the mid-1950s.
The Lycoming TIO-541 engine is a turbocharged, fuel-injected, horizontally opposed, six-cylinder aircraft engine featuring three cylinders per side, manufactured by Lycoming Engines.
On 31 December 1968 a Vickers Viscount aircraft departed from Perth, Western Australia for a flight of 724 nautical miles (1 341 km) to Port Hedland.
In aviation, the maneuvering speed of an aircraft is an airspeed limitation selected by the designer of the aircraft.
The Martin M-1 was an American Gull winged, single-seat glider that was designed and built by Volmer Jensen in 1939.
Mary Barr (July 11, 1925 – March 1, 2010) was the first female aviator to join the US Forest Service, along with being an accident prevention counselor, mechanic in a variety of fields, and flight instructor throughout her lifetime.
The MBB/Kawasaki BK 117 is a twin-engined medium utility–transport helicopter.
The McCulloch J-2 was a small, two-seat autogyro with an enclosed cabin, one of only three designs of this type of aircraft to receive a type certificate in the United States.
The McDonnell Douglas DC-10 is a three-engine wide-body jet airliner manufactured by McDonnell Douglas.
The McDonnell Douglas DC-9 (initially known as the Douglas DC-9) is a twin-engine, single-aisle jet airliner.
The McDonnell Douglas MD-80 is a series of twin-engine, short- to medium-range, single-aisle commercial jet airliners.
The Medway Av8R (Aviator) is a British ultralight trike designed and produced by Medway Microlights.
The Medway EclipseR is a British ultralight trike designed and produced by Medway Microlights.
The Microturbo TRS 18 is a small, low thrust turbojet designed and built in France in the 1970s.
The Midwest MU-1 was an American single-seat, high-wing, strut-braced utility glider that was designed by Art Schultz in the 1930s.
The Mitsubishi Regional Jet (三菱リージョナルジェット), or MRJ for short, is a twin-engine regional jet aircraft seating 70–90 passengers manufactured by Mitsubishi Aircraft Corporation, a partnership between majority owner Mitsubishi Heavy Industries and minority owner Toyota Motor Corporation with design assistance from Toyota affiliate Subaru Corporation, itself already an aerospace manufacturer.
The Monocoupe 90 was a two-seat, light cabin airplane built by Donald A. Luscombe for Monocoupe Aircraft.
The Mooney M22 Mustang is the first attempt at a pressurized single engine aircraft by the Mooney Aircraft Company of the United States.
The Morane-Saulnier MS.760 Paris is a French four-seat jet trainer and liaison aircraft designed and manufactured by Morane-Saulnier.
The Moswey III is a Swiss mid-wing, single-seat, gull winged glider that was designed by Georg Mueller and produced by Moswey Segelflugzeug-Werke.
A multifunction display (MFD) is a small-screen (CRT or LCD) surrounded by multiple soft keys (configurable buttons) that can be used to display information to the user in numerous configurable ways.
The N.V. Vliegtuigbouw 013 Sagitta (Arrow) is a Dutch mid-wing, single-seat Standard Class glider designed by Piet Alsema and produced by N.V. Vliegtuigbouw.
The NAMC YS-11 is a turboprop airliner built by a Japanese consortium, the Nihon Aircraft Manufacturing Corporation.
The Neiva B Monitor, also designated B-2, is a Brazilian tandem two-seat glider aircraft designed and manufactured by Indústria Aeronáutica Neiva between 1945 and 1955 for primary training and general flying.
The Nelson H-44 is an American single ignition, four-cylinder, horizontally opposed, direct drive, two-stroke aircraft engine that was developed by the Nelson Engine Company for use in motorgliders.
The Nelson H-63, known in the US military designation system as the YO-65, is an American dual ignition, four-cylinder, horizontally opposed, two-stroke aircraft engine that was developed by the Nelson Engine Company for use in helicopters and light aircraft.
The Nelson Hummingbird PG-185B is an American, tandem two seat, mid-wing motor glider that was developed by Nelson Aircraft after discontinuing the Nelson Dragonfly.
The North American Sabreliner, later sold as the Rockwell Sabreliner, is an American mid-sized business jet developed by North American Aviation.
The Northwest Ranger was a Canadian bush aircraft that was under development by Northwest Industries (NWI) of Edmonton, Alberta between 1968-1972.
The Nova Coden is a Polish autogyro under develoment by Nova Sp. z.o.o. of Gdynia.
The Aristocraft II was a six-place homebuilt aircraft designed by Terrence O'Neill.
The One Aviation Corporation, stylized as ONE Aviation, is a company formed in 2015 to merge the aircraft manufacturers Eclipse Aerospace and Kestrel Aircraft.
The OneAircraft One is a Slovenian light-sport aircraft (LSA) and certified light aircraft designed and produced by OneAircraft (One Pro, d.o.o.) of Celje.
The Orenda OE600 is a 600 hp-class liquid-cooled 8-cylinder V-block aircraft engine intended to re-introduce piston power to aircraft normally powered by the famous Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6 turboprop.
The VSO 10 Vosa (Vosa - Gradient) is a Standard and Club-Class glider designed and manufactured in the Czechoslovak Republic from December 1978 as a replacement for the VT-116 Orlik II.
Ostmecklenburgische Flugzeugbau GmbH, (East Mecklenburg Aircraft Works Limited) was a light aircraft manufacturer in Neubrandenburg Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania.
The PAC P-750 XSTOL, (formerly known as the PAC 750XL) is a utility aircraft of conventional all-metal low-wing monoplane design, with fixed tricycle undercarriage.
The Partenavia P.86 Mosquito was a two-seat civil trainer aircraft first flown in Italy on 27 April 1986.
The Peterson J-4 Javelin is an American, single seat, mid-wing glider that was designed by Max A. Peterson in the late 1960s and produced by the Peterson Sailplane Corporation in small numbers.
The Piel CP-30 Emeraude is an aircraft designed in France in the mid-1950s and widely built both by factories and homebuilders.
The Pilatus PC-21 is a turboprop-powered advanced trainer with a stepped tandem cockpit.
The Pilatus PC-24 is a twin-engine business jet produced by Pilatus Aircraft of Switzerland.
Piper Aircraft, Inc., is a manufacturer of general aviation aircraft, located at the Vero Beach Municipal Airport in Vero Beach, Florida, United States and owned since 2009 by the Government of Brunei.
The Piper PA-12 Super Cruiser is an American three-seat, high wing, single-engine conventional landing gear-equipped light aircraft that was produced by Piper Aircraft between 1946-48.
The Piper PA-31 Navajo is a family of cabin-class, twin-engined aircraft designed and built by Piper Aircraft for the general aviation market, most using Lycoming engines.
The Piper PA-32 Cherokee Six is a series of single-engine fixed landing gear light aircraft manufactured in the United States by Piper Aircraft between 1965 and 2007.
The Piper PA-40 Arapaho was an American twin-engined cabin monoplane designed by Piper as a replacement for the PA-39 Twin Comanche C/R.
The Piper PA-42 Cheyenne is a turboprop aircraft built by Piper Aircraft.
The Piper PA-47 PiperJet was a single-engined very light jet (VLJ) that was intended to be developed and built by Piper Aircraft.
The Pipistrel Panthera is a lightweight, all-composite, highly efficient four-seat aircraft under development by Pipistrel of Slovenia.
The Pitcairn Mailwing family was a series of mail carrier and sport aircraft produced in the U.S. from 1927 to 1931.
The Pitcairn PCA-2 was an autogyro developed in the United States in the early 1930s.
A pitot-static system is a system of pressure-sensitive instruments that is most often used in aviation to determine an aircraft's airspeed, Mach number, altitude, and altitude trend.
The Pitts Special (company designations S1 and S2) is a series of light aerobatic biplanes designed by Curtis Pitts.
The Porsche PFM 3200 was a six-cylinder horizontally opposed air-cooled aircraft engine developed by Porsche from its air-cooled line of automobile engines from the famous Porsche 911 sports car.
The Power Jets W.2 was a British turbojet engine designed by Frank Whittle and Power Jets (Research and Development) Ltd.
The Pratt & Whitney Canada PW800 is a turbofan engine in the thrust class, under development by Pratt & Whitney Canada.
The Pratt & Whitney R-985 Wasp Junior is a series of nine-cylinder, air-cooled, radial aircraft engines built by the Pratt & Whitney Aircraft Company from the 1930s to the 1950s.
The Prue Super Standard is an American, high-wing, single-seat, FAI Standard Class glider that was designed by Irving Prue in 1962 as a development of the Prue Standard.
The PZL Krosno KR-03 Puchatek is a Polish mid-wing, T-tailed, two-seats-in-tandem, glider that was designed by Jerzy Krawczyk and Eugeniusz Pelczar and produced by PZL Krosno, first flying in 1985.
The PZL W-3 Sokół (english: Falcon) is a medium-size, twin-engine, multipurpose helicopter developed and manufactured by Polish helicopter company PZL-Świdnik (now AgustaWestland Świdnik).
The Quest Kodiak is an American high-wing, unpressurized, single-engine turboprop-powered fixed tricycle landing gear STOL utility aircraft built by Quest Aircraft, suitable for utility applications on unimproved airfields.
The Raytheon T-1 Jayhawk is a twin-engined jet aircraft used by the United States Air Force for advanced pilot training.
Rearwin Airplanes was a US airplane-manufacturing enterprise founded by Andrew ("Rae") Rearwin in 1928.
The use of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) is generally regulated by the national aviation authority of the country.
The Reims-Cessna F406 Caravan II is a turboprop twin engine utility aircraft manufactured and designed by Reims Aviation in cooperation with Cessna.
In aviation terminology, a rejected takeoff (RTO) or aborted takeoff is the situation in which it is decided to abort the takeoff of an airplane.
The RMT Bateleur (named for the bird species) is a German ultralight and light-sport aircraft, designed by Andre von Schoenebeck and produced by RMT Aviation of Bad Bocklet.
Robert Franklyn "Bob" Overmyer (July 14, 1936 – March 22, 1996), (Col, USMC), was an American test pilot, naval aviator, aeronautical engineer, physicist, United States Marine Corps officer, and USAF/NASA astronaut.
Robin Aircraft is a French manufacturer of light aircraft.
The Robin ATL (Avion Très Léger, "very light aircraft") is a French two-seat light aircraft designed by Avions Robin in the 1980s to meet a need for an economical two-seat aircraft to equip flying clubs.
The Robin DR500 Président is a wooden low wing monoplane, manufactured by Robin Aircraft and marketed as a top-of-the-range DR400.
The Robin R 3000 is a French single-engined light aircraft designed and built by Avions Robin, which entered production in the 1980s.
The Robinson R44 is a four-seat light helicopter produced by Robinson Helicopter Company since 1992.
The Rolls-Royce RB.39 Clyde was Rolls-Royce's first purpose-designed turboprop engine and the first turboprop engine to pass its civil and military type-tests.
The Rolls-Royce Merlin is a British liquid-cooled V-12 piston aero engine of 27-litres (1,650 cu in) capacity.
The Rolls-Royce R was a British aero engine designed and built specifically for air racing purposes by Rolls-Royce Limited.
The Rolls-Royce Trent 900 is a British series of turbofan engines, developed from the RB211 and is one of the family of Trent engines.
The Rolls-Royce Turbomeca RTM322 is a turboshaft engine produced by Rolls-Royce Turbomeca Limited, a joint venture between Rolls-Royce plc and Turbomeca.
The Rolls-Royce RB.109 Tyne is a twin-shaft turboprop engine developed in the mid to late 1950s by Rolls-Royce Limited.
The Rotax 275 is a, single-cylinder, two-stroke aircraft engine, built by BRP-Rotax GmbH & Co. KG of Austria for use in Self-launched Gliders.
The Rotax 535 is an Austrian aircraft engine, that was designed and produced by Rotax of Gunskirchen for use in motor gliders.
The Rotax 912 is a naturally aspirated, air- and water-cooled, horizontally opposed four-cylinder, four-stroke, gear reduction-drive engine commonly used on certified aircraft, light sport aircraft, ultralight aircraft and unmanned aerial vehicles.
The Rotax 914 is a turbo-charged, four-stroke, four-cylinder, horizontally opposed aircraft engine with air-cooled cylinders and water-cooled cylinder heads.
The Rotax 915 iS is an Austrian aircraft engine, under development by Rotax of Gunskirchen for use in ultralight aircraft, homebuilt aircraft, light-sport aircraft, small helicopters and gyroplanes.
The RotorWay 300T Eagle is an American helicopter that was under development by RotorWay International of Chandler, Arizona, in 2009-2011.
LeRoy Patrick "Roy" LoPresti (June 9, 1929 – August 7, 2002) was an eclectic American aeronautical engineer.
The Rubik R-26 Góbé is a family of Hungarian shoulder-wing, two-seat training gliders that was designed by Ernő Rubik Sr. (father of Rubik's Cube inventor Ernő Rubik), and produced by Auto-Aero.
The Rutan Model 202 Boomerang is an aircraft designed and built by Burt Rutan.
The Ryson ST-100 Cloudster is a tandem two-seat, low-wing, conventional landing gear motor glider that was designed by T. Claude Ryan first flown in 1976 and certified in 1983.
The Saab 340 is a Swedish twin-engine turboprop aircraft designed and initially produced by a partnership between Saab AB and Fairchild Aircraft in a 65:35 ratio.
The Saab 90 Scandia was a civil passenger aeroplane, manufactured by the Svenska Aeroplan Aktiebolaget (SAAB), in Linköping, Sweden.
The Salvay-Stark Skyhopper I is a low-wing single-place homebuilt aircraft designed in 1944.
The Samson Switchblade is an American amateur-built roadable aircraft, under development by Samson Motorworks of Meadow Vista, California.
The Sasin SA-29 Spraymaster was an agricultural aircraft designed and manufactured in Australia in the 1960s by Sasin Aircraft Service of Goulburn, New South Wales in conjunction with Aerostructures at Sydney's Bankstown Airport.
The Sauer S 1800 is a family of German four-stroke aircraft engines, certified according to JAR 22-H (CS-22 subpart H), Sauer Flugmotorenbau GmbH, CS-22.
The Sauer S 2100 is a family of four-stroke aircraft engines, certified according to JAR 22-H (CS-22 subpart H), Sauer Flugmotorenbau GmbH, CS-22.
The Sauer S 2100 ULT is a turbocharged four-stroke aircraft engine for homebuilt and ultralight aircraft, Sauer Flugmotorenbau GmbH.
The Sauer S 2500 is a family of four stroke aircraft engines certified according to JAR 22-H (CS-22 subpart H)EASA,.
The Scheibe SF-24 Motorspatz (Motor Sparrow) is a West German high-wing, single-seat motor glider that was designed by Egon Scheibe and produced by Scheibe Flugzeugbau.
The Scheibe Zugvogel (Migratory bird) is a West German, high-wing, single-seat, FAI Open Class glider that was produced by Scheibe Flugzeugbau.
The Scheutzow Model B or Scheutzow Bee was a two-seat utility helicopter developed in the United States in the late 1960s and early 1970s.
The Schleicher ASK 14 is a West German low-wing, single-seat motor glider that was designed by Rudolf Kaiser and produced by Alexander Schleicher GmbH & Co.
The Schleicher K7 Rhönadler, aka Ka-7 or K-7, is a West German high-wing, two-seat, glider that was designed by Rudolf Kaiser and produced by Alexander Schleicher GmbH & Co.
The Schleicher Ka-4 Rhönlerche II (Rhön Lark), sometimes called the KA-4 or even K 4, is a West German high-wing, strut-braced, two-seat glider that was designed by Rudolf Kaiser and produced by Alexander Schleicher GmbH & Co.
The Schreder HP-13 is an American high-wing, single seat FAI Open Class glider that was designed by Richard Schreder.
The Schweizer SGS 1-23 is a United States Open and Standard Class, single-seat, mid-wing glider built by Schweizer Aircraft of Elmira, New York.
The Schweizer SGS 1-29 is an American single-seat, mid-wing, experimental laminar flow airfoil glider built by Schweizer Aircraft of Elmira, New York.
The Schweizer SGS 1-36 Sprite is a United States, single-seat, mid-wing glider built by Schweizer Aircraft of Elmira, New York.
Major Scott Douglas Anderson (May 2, 1965 – March 23, 1999) was a late 20th-century American polymath: Air National Guard F-16 pilot, general aviation test pilot, flight instructor, flight operations officer, engineer, inventor, musician, football player, outdoor adventurist, and award-winning author.
Scott's – Bell 47, Inc. is an American company that supports the Bell 47 helicopter.
The Seawind is a family of composite, four-seat, amphibian airplanes that all feature a single tail-mounted engine, produced in kit forms and as fully built up aircraft in Canada and the United States.
Sensenich Propeller, founded in 1932, is an American manufacturer of wood, metal and composite propellers for certified, homebuilt and ultralight aircraft, as well as airboats.
The Short 360 (also SD3-60; also Shorts 360)Mondey 1981, p. 228.
The Short Belfast (or Shorts Belfast)Mondey 1981, p. 228.
The Sikorsky H-19 Chickasaw (company model number S-55) was a multi-purpose helicopter used by the United States Army and United States Air Force.
The Sikorsky S-64 Skycrane is an American twin-engine heavy-lift helicopter.
The Sikorsky S-76 is an American medium-size commercial utility helicopter, manufactured by the Sikorsky Aircraft Corporation.
The Sikorsky S-92 is a four-bladed twin-engine medium-lift helicopter built by Sikorsky Aircraft for the civil and military helicopter market.
The SITAR GY-100 Bagheera (named after Bagheera, a character in Rudyard Kipling's The Jungle Book) was a light aircraft designed and built in France in the late 1960s.
The Skyote Aeromarine Skyote (sometimes written "Skyotë", and pronounced either "Sky-oh-tee" or "Sky-yoat"Davisson 1979, p.24) is a single-engine, single-seat sport biplane designed in the 1970s in the United States and marketed as plans and kits for homebuilding.
The Slepcev Storch (Stork) is a Serbian type-certified, kit and ultralight STOL aircraft, designed by Yugoslavian-Australian Nestor Slepcev and currently produced by Storch Aircraft Serbia in several different versions.
Smile Air is an upcoming Ghanaian airline based at Kotoka International Airport in Accra.
The SOCATA Rallye (Rally) is a light aircraft that was manufactured by French aviation company SOCATA.
The Socata TB is a series of light single engine piston aircraft developed and manufactured by French aircraft company SOCATA.
The SOCATA TBM 700 (also marketed as the TBM 850, Daher TBM 900, Daher TBM 910 and Daher TBM 930) is a high performance single-engine turboprop light business and utility aircraft manufactured by Daher.
The Spinks Akromaster is an aerobatic aircraft that was designed by Charlie Hillard.
The Sportavia-Pützer RS-180 Sportsman is a four-seat sport aircraft that was produced in Germany in the late 1970s.
The Stearman 4 is an American commercial biplane that was manufactured in the 1920s by Stearman Aircraft.
The Stemme ASP S15 is a German two-seat powered sailplane designed and built by Stemme for use as an Airborne Systems Platform.
The Stinson 108 was a popular general aviation aircraft produced by the Stinson division of the American airplane company Consolidated Vultee, from immediately after World War II to 1950.
The Stratos 714 is an American very light jet aircraft under development by Stratos Aircraft of Redmond, Oregon.
The Sud-Ouest S.O.1221 Djinn is a French two-seat light helicopter designed and manufactured by aircraft manufacturer Sud-Ouest, which later became Sud Aviation.
The Super 18 Model S18-180 is an FAA type certificated light aircraft evolved from the Piper PA-18 Super Cub.
Superior Air Parts, Inc. is a Chinese-owned manufacturer of aviation piston engine replacement parts, headquartered in Coppell, Texas, United States.
The Superior Air Parts Gemini Diesel 100 is a diesel aircraft engine, under development by Superior Air Parts of Coppell, Texas, United States for use in homebuilt aircraft.
The Superior Air Parts Gemini Diesel 125 is a diesel aircraft engine, under development by Superior Air Parts of Coppell, Texas, United States for use in homebuilt aircraft.
The Superior Air Parts Vantage is a type certified piston aircraft engine developed by Superior Air Parts of Coppell, Texas, United States and based upon the non-certified Superior Air Parts XP-360.
The Superior Air Parts XP-320 is an aircraft engine, designed and produced by Superior Air Parts of Coppell, Texas, United States for use in homebuilt aircraft.
The Superior Air Parts XP-360 is an aircraft engine, designed and produced by Superior Air Parts of Coppell, Texas, United States for use in homebuilt aircraft.
The Superior Air Parts XP-382 is an aircraft engine, designed and produced by Superior Air Parts of Coppell, Texas, United States for use in homebuilt aircraft.
The Superior Air Parts XP-400 is an aircraft engine, designed and produced by Superior Air Parts of Coppell, Texas, United States for use in homebuilt aircraft.
A supplemental type certificate (STC) is a national aviation authority-approved major modification or repair to an existing type certified aircraft, engine or propeller.
The Swanson Coupe Model W-15 was a high-wing, cantilever-type monoplane produced in 1931 by Swedish aircraft designer and manufacturer Swen Swanson.
Swift Aircraft is a British aerospace manufacturer that designs the Swift II aerobatic training aircraft.
The Swift Aircraft Swift is a single engine, conventional light aircraft, seating two in side-by-side configuration.
The Symphony SA-160 is a CAR 523 certified, two-seat, single-engine, high-wing airplane that was manufactured by Symphony Aircraft Industries in Trois-Rivières, Quebec, Canada in the mid-2000s.
Tubal Claude Ryan (January 3, 1898 – September 11, 1982) was an Irish-American aviator born in Parsons, Kansas.
The Taylor Cub was originally designed by C. Gilbert Taylor as a small, light and simple utility aircraft, evolved from the Arrowing Chummy.
TC, T.C., Tc, Tc, tc, tC, or.tc may refer to.
A Technical Standard Order (TSO) is a minimum performance standard issued by the United States Federal Aviation Administration for specified materials, parts, processes, and appliances used on civil aircraft.
The Tecnam P2008 is a single-engine, high-wing two-seat aircraft built in Italy but aimed at the US market.
The Tecnam 2010 is a four-seat, high wing, single engine light aircraft of mixed metal and carbon-fiber-reinforced polymer construction.
The Terle Sportplane was an original homebuilt design built by Joseph Terle, who had no prior aircraft design experience.
The TeST TST-14 Bonus is a Czech high-wing, T-tailed, two-seats-in-tandem glider and motor glider, designed and produced by TeST Gliders.
The Tomark Viper SD4 is a Slovak single–engine, all-metal, two-seat low wing monoplane with a fixed tricycle undercarriage and side-by-side seating for two people.
The Transavia PL-12 Airtruk is a single-engine agricultural aircraft designed and built by the Transavia Corporation in Australia.
Transport in the European Union is a shared competence of the Union and its member states.
The Trident TR-1 Trigull is a Canadian amphibious flying boat that was developed by Trident Aircraft of Burnaby, British Columbia and later Sidney, British Columbia.
The Tupolev Tu-144 (Tyполев Ту-144; NATO reporting name: Charger) is a retired jet airliner and commercial supersonic transport aircraft (SST).
The turbojet is an airbreathing jet engine, typically used in aircraft.
A turboprop engine is a turbine engine that drives an aircraft propeller.
For Declaration of Conformity see Conformance mark Type Approval or Certificate of Conformity is granted to a product that meets a minimum set of regulatory, technical and safety requirements.
A type certificate signifies the airworthiness of a particular category of aircraft, according to its manufacturing design (‘type’).
Type design is the art and process of designing typefaces.
Unapproved aircraft parts are aircraft parts not approved by civil aviation authorities for installation on type certified aircraft.
Uncontrolled decompression is an unplanned drop in the pressure of a sealed system, such as an aircraft cabin or hyperbaric chamber, and typically results from human error, material fatigue, engineering failure, or impact, causing a pressure vessel to vent into its lower-pressure surroundings or fail to pressurize at all.
Univair Aircraft Corporation is an American aircraft manufacturer holding the type certificate for the Stinson 108 series, and Ercoupe series aircraft, including the Forney, Alon and the Mooney M10 Cadet.
A utility aircraft is a general-purpose light aircraft or helicopter, usually used for transporting people or freight, but also for other duties when more specialized aircraft are not required or available.
In aviation, V-speeds are standard terms used to define airspeeds important or useful to the operation of all aircraft.
The V-Prop is an automatic self-powering electronic variable-pitch propeller developed by Silence Aircraft, the manufacturers of the Silence Twister single-seat elliptical-winged kitplane.
The Van's Aircraft RV-14 is an American aerobatic kit aircraft designed by Richard VanGrunsven and produced by Van's Aircraft.
The Vedeneyev M14P is a Russian nine-cylinder, four-stroke, air-cooled, petrol-powered radial engine.
The Vertical Hummingbird is an American helicopter, produced by Vertical Aviation Technologies of Sanford, Florida that was introduced in 1991.
A very light jet (VLJ), entry-level jet or personal jet, previously known as a microjet, is a category of small business jets seating four to eight people and often with a maximum takeoff weight of or under, although the Embraer Phenom 100, HondaJet and Cessna Citation M2 are all slightly over.
Viking Air Ltd. is a manufacturer of aircraft, as well as aircraft parts and systems, based in North Saanich, British Columbia, Canada.
A vortex generator (VG) is an aerodynamic device, consisting of a small vane usually attached to a lifting surface (or airfoil, such as an aircraft wing) or a rotor blade of a wind turbine.
The VRT 500 is a light helicopter project by Russian Helicopters and developed by its subsidiary VR-Technologies.
The VTOL Aircraft Phillicopter is a 1970s Australian light utility helicopter designed and built by VTOL Aircraft of Newcastle West, New South Wales.
The Vulcanair VF600W Mission is an Italian single-engined utility transport, under development by Vulcanair of Casoria.
The Vulcanair V1.0 is an Italian light aircraft, designed and produced by Vulcanair of Casoria, introduced at the AERO Friedrichshafen show in 2014.
WACO Classic Aircraft Corporation, founded in 1983 as the Classic Aircraft Corporation and located in Battle Creek, Michigan, is a manufacturer of general aviation airplanes.
Warp Drive Inc is an American manufacturer of composite propellers for ultralight aircraft, ultralight trikes, light-sport aircraft, amateur-built aircraft, gyrocopter, airboats and other non-certified applications.
The Wassmer WA-40 Super 4 Sancy is a French single-engined light aircraft of the 1960s and 70s.
The Westland 30 is a British medium helicopter based on the Westland Lynx.
Wilksch Airmotive Ltd is a UK-based company which designs and manufactures compression-ignition engines for light aircraft.
The Eagle AC-7 Eagle 1 (USAF designation YE-5) is an aircraft that was manufactured by Windecker Industries.
Windecker Industries was an American aircraft manufacturer founded in 1962 as Windecker Research in Midland, Texas, by Leo Windecker, a dentist from Lake Jackson, Texas.
The SureFly is a two-seat hybrid eVTOL vehicle designed by American truck-maker Workhorse Group.
The Wright R-540 Whirlwind was a series of five-cylinder air-cooled radial aircraft engines built by the Wright Aeronautical division of Curtiss-Wright.
The Wright R-760 Whirlwind was a series of seven-cylinder air-cooled radial aircraft engines built by the Wright Aeronautical division of Curtiss-Wright.
The Wright R-790 Whirlwind was a series of nine-cylinder air-cooled radial aircraft engines built by Wright Aeronautical Corporation, with a total displacement of about and around.
The Wright R-975 Whirlwind was a series of nine-cylinder air-cooled radial aircraft engines built by the Wright Aeronautical division of Curtiss-Wright.
The Xplorair is a project of compact VTOL aircraft without rotating airfoil from aerospace engineer Michel Aguilar, funded by the French Armed Forces procurement agency DGA and supported by various European aeronautics firms such as Dassault Systèmes, EADS Innovation Works, MBDA, Altran Technologies, Sogeti, Turbomeca, COMAT Aerospace and the Institut Pprime.
XtremeAir GmbH is a German aircraft manufacturer based in Cochstedt that was founded by Harro Moewes in December 2005.
The XtremeAir Sbach 342 (XA42) is a German high performance two-seat aerobatic and touring monoplane designed by Philipp Steinbach with Albert Mylius and built by XtremeAir GmbH of Hecklingen.
The Zenair Zodiac CH 640 is a Canadian light aircraft that was designed by Chris Heintz and is produced by Zenair in the form of a kit for amateur construction.
The Zeppelin NT ("Neue Technologie", German for new technology) is a class of helium-filled airships being manufactured since the 1990s by the German company Zeppelin Luftschifftechnik GmbH (ZLT) in Friedrichshafen.
The Zlin Z 42 is a single-engine two-seat Czechoslovakian trainer aircraft manufactured by Moravan Otrokovice.
Zunum Aero (Mayan for hummingbird) is an aircraft manufacturer startup based in Kirkland, Washington.
This is a list of aviation-related events from 1979.
On 7 January 2012, a scenic hot air balloon flight from Carterton, New Zealand, collided with a high-voltage power line while attempting to land, causing it to catch fire, disintegrate and crash just north of the town, killing all eleven people (ten passengers and the pilot) on board.
This is a list of aviation-related events from 2017.
This is a list of aviation-related events in 2018.
The Sky Arrow is a tandem-seat, pusher configuration, high-wing carbon fibre light aircraft that was manufactured by 3I (Iniziative Industriali Italiane).