107 relations: Agent causation, Albert Schweitzer, ALI rule, Andrew Joseph Galambos, Animal consciousness, Apraxia of speech, Attitudinal Psyche, Avolition, Émile Coué, Barbiturate dependence, Behavior, Benjamin Libet, Bereitschaftspotential, Case role, Conservatorship of Wendland, Corpus callosotomy, Courage, Creative synthesis, Decision-making, Devachan, Dialogical self, Educational psychology, Either/Or, Exertion, Folk psychology, Free will, Free Will (disambiguation), Friedrich Nietzsche and free will, Friedrich Schleiermacher, Functional constipation, Gait deviations, Guided imagery, Guillaume (given name), Health action process approach, Heinrich Düker, Higher-order volition, History of psychopathy, History of the Spanish language, Human intelligence, I Walked with a Zombie, Implementation intention, Index of philosophy articles (R–Z), Index of psychology articles, Injury prevention, Involuntary, Italian idealism, John Gray (philosopher), Kalpana (imagination), Kansas v. Hendricks, Kelly McGonigal, ..., Lateral pressure theory, Legend of the Five Rings Roleplaying Game, Libertarianism (metaphysics), Library of Congress Classification:Class B -- Philosophy, Psychology, Religion, List of Greek and Latin roots in English/V, List of Latin words with English derivatives, List of MeSH codes (F02), Lombard effect, Manas (early Buddhism), Marxism–Leninism, Mental process, Mind, Mind–body dualism, Moral psychology, Morale, Motivation, Narcotics Anonymous, Narziß Ach, New Church Education, Objectivism (Ayn Rand), Occupational therapy and substance use disorder, Outline of human intelligence, Outline of thought, Overconfidence effect, Peripatetic school, Personal god, Personhood, Philosophy of desire, Practical syllogism, Prepulse inhibition, Property dualism, Psychological effects of male infertility, Sense of agency, Sentience, Sentou Gakuen, Social, Suggestibility, Suicide awareness, Tautology (grammar), The Psychology of Self-Esteem, The Selfish Gene, Theory and History, Thomas Chalmers, Tricyclic antidepressant, Tsentsak, Unitary psychosis, Volition, Walter Mischel, Wilhelm (name), Wilhelm Wundt, Will, Will (philosophy), Will of God, Willing, Willpower, Willpower paradox, 3C-model. Expand index (57 more) » « Shrink index
Agent causation, or Agent causality, is an idea in philosophy which states that an agent can start new causal chains not determined by prior events.
Albert Schweitzer, OM (14 January 1875 – 4 September 1965) was a French-German theologian, organist, writer, humanitarian, philosopher, and physician.
The ALI rule, or American Law Institute Model Penal Code rule, is a recommended rule for instructing juries how to find a defendant in a criminal trial is not guilty by reason of insanity.
Andrew Joseph Galambos (born Ifj. Galambos József András, June 28, 1924, in Hungary; died in Orange County, California on April 10, 1997) was an astrophysicist and philosopher who innovated a social structure that seeks to maximize human peace and freedom.
Animal consciousness, or animal awareness, is the quality or state of self-awareness within an animal, or of being aware of an external object or something within itself.
Apraxia of speech (AOS) is an acquired oral motor speech disorder affecting an individual's ability to translate conscious speech plans into motor plans, which results in limited and difficult speech ability.
Attitudinal Psyche is a theory of personality that describes dispositions towards four main aspects of life: the mind, body, emotions, and volition.
Avolition, as a symptom of various forms of psychopathology, is the decrease in the motivation to initiate and perform self-directed purposeful activities.
Émile Coué de la Châtaigneraie (26 February 1857 – 2 July 1926) was a French psychologist and pharmacist who introduced a popular method of psychotherapy and self-improvement based on optimistic autosuggestion.
Barbiturate dependence develops with regular use of barbiturates.
Behavior (American English) or behaviour (Commonwealth English) is the range of actions and mannerisms made by individuals, organisms, systems, or artificial entities in conjunction with themselves or their environment, which includes the other systems or organisms around as well as the (inanimate) physical environment.
Benjamin Libet (April 12, 1916, Chicago, Illinois – July 23, 2007, Davis, California) was a pioneering scientist in the field of human consciousness.
In neurology, the Bereitschaftspotential or BP (from German, "readiness potential"), also called the pre-motor potential or readiness potential (RP), is a measure of activity in the motor cortex and supplementary motor area of the brain leading up to voluntary muscle movement.
Case roles, according to the work by Fillmore (1967), are the semantic roles of noun phrases in relation to the syntactic structures that contain these noun phrases.
In 2001, in the case Conservatorship of Wendland, also known as Wendland v. Wendland, and the Robert Wendland case, the Supreme Court of California unanimously ruled that Rose Wendland, the wife of Robert Wendland, in the absence of a durable power of attorney for health care (DPAHC), did not have the authority to withhold artificial nutrition and hydration in her husband's behalf.
Corpus callosotomy is a palliative surgical procedure for the treatment of medically refractory epilepsy.
Courage (also called bravery or valour) is the choice and willingness to confront agony, pain, danger, uncertainty, or intimidation.
The principle of creative synthesis was first mentioned by Wilhelm Wundt in 1862.
In psychology, decision-making (also spelled decision making and decisionmaking) is regarded as the cognitive process resulting in the selection of a belief or a course of action among several alternative possibilities.
Devachan (compound word; Sanskrit 'deva', gods, and the Tibetan word 'chan' Wylie: 'can', possessing, having, subject to) is the "dwelling of the gods" according to the original teachings of Theosophy as formulated by H.P. Blavatsky.
The dialogical self is a psychological concept which describes the mind's ability to imagine the different positions of participants in an internal dialogue, in close connection with external dialogue.
Educational psychology is the branch of psychology concerned with the scientific study of human learning.
Either/Or (Danish: Enten – Eller) is the first published work of the Danish philosopher Søren Kierkegaard.
Exertion is the physical or perceived use of energyNewton's Third Law, Elert, Glenn.
In philosophy of mind and cognitive science, folk psychology, or commonsense psychology, is a human capacity to explain and predict the behavior and mental state of other people.
Free will is the ability to choose between different possible courses of action unimpeded.
Free will is the ability of agents to make choices unconstrained by certain factors.
The 19th-century philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche is known as a critic of Judeo-Christian morality and religions in general.
Friedrich Daniel Ernst Schleiermacher (November 21, 1768 – February 12, 1834) was a German theologian, philosopher, and biblical scholar known for his attempt to reconcile the criticisms of the Enlightenment with traditional Protestant Christianity.
Functional constipation, known as chronic idiopathic constipation (CIC), is constipation that does not have a physical (anatomical) or physiological (hormonal or other body chemistry) cause.
Gait deviations are nominally referred to as any variation of standard human gait, typically manifesting as a coping mechanism in response to an anatomical impairment.
Guided imagery (also known as Guided Affective Imagery, or KIP, Katathym-imaginative Psychotherapy) is a mind-body intervention by which a trained practitioner or teacher helps a participant or patient to evoke and generate mental images that simulate or re-create the sensory perception of sights, sounds, tastes, smells, movements, and images associated with touch, such as texture, temperature, and pressure, as well as imaginative or mental content that the participant or patient experiences as defying conventional sensory categories, and that may precipitate strong emotions or feelings in the absence of the stimuli to which correlating sensory receptors are receptive.
Guillaume is the French equivalent of William (given name), which is of old Germanic origin.
The health action process approach (HAPA) is a psychological theory of health behavior change, developed by Ralf Schwarzer, Professor of Psychology at the Free University of Berlin, Germany.
Heinrich Düker (24 November 1898 - 8 November 1986) was a German psychologist, politician and professor.
Higher-order volitions (or higher-order desire), as opposed to action-determining volitions, are volitions about volitions.
Psychopathy, from psych (soul or mind) and pathy (suffering or disease), was coined by German psychiatrists in the 19th century and originally just meant what would today be called mental disorder, the study of which is still known as psychopathology.
The language known today as Spanish is derived from a dialect of spoken Latin that evolved in the north-central part of the Iberian Peninsula after the fall of the Western Roman Empire in the fifth century.
Human intelligence is the intellectual prowess of humans, which is marked by complex cognitive feats and high levels of motivation and self-awareness.
I Walked with a Zombie is a 1943 horror film directed by Jacques Tourneur.
An implementation intention (II) is a self-regulatory strategy in the form of an "if-then plan" that can lead to better goal attainment, as well as help in habit and behavior modification.
Psychology (from ψυχή psykhē "breath, spirit, soul"; and -λογία, -logia "study of") is an academic and applied discipline involving the scientific study of human mental functions and behavior.
Injury prevention is an effort to prevent or reduce the severity of bodily injuries caused by external mechanisms, such as accidents, before they occur.
Involuntary means unintended.
Italian idealism, born from interest in the German one and particularly in Hegelian doctrine, developed in Italy starting from the spiritualism of the nineteenth-century Risorgimento tradition, and culminated in the first half of the twentieth century in its two greatest exponents: Benedetto Croce and Giovanni Gentile.
John Nicholas Gray (born 17 April 1948) is an English political philosopher with interests in analytic philosophy and the history of ideas.
Kalpanā (Sanskrit: कल्पना) is derived from the root - kalpanama (कल्पनम्) + ना, and means – 'fixing', 'settlement', 'making', 'performing', 'doing', 'forming', 'arranging', 'decorating', 'ornamenting', 'forgery', 'a contrivance', 'device'.
Kansas v. Hendricks,, was a United States Supreme Court case in which the Court set forth procedures for the indefinite civil commitment of prisoners convicted of a sex offense whom the state deems dangerous due to a mental abnormality.
Kelly McGonigal (born October 21, 1977) is a health psychologist and lecturer at Stanford University who is known for her work in the field of 'science help' which focuses on translating insights from psychology and neuroscience into practical strategies that support health and well-being.
"Lateral pressure" refers to any tendency (or propensity) of individuals and societies to expand their activities and exert influence and control beyond their established boundaries, whether for economic, political, military, scientific, religious, or other purposes (Choucri and North, 1972; 1975; Ashley, 1980; Choucri and North, 1989; North, 1990; Choucri, North and Yamakage, 1992; Lofdahl, 2000).
The Legend of the Five Rings Roleplaying Game is a role-playing game originally written by John Wick and published by Alderac Entertainment Group, under license from Five Rings Publishing Group, in 1997.
Libertarianism is one of the main philosophical positions related to the problems of free will and determinism, which are part of the larger domain of metaphysics.
Class B: Philosophy, Psychology, Religion is a classification used by the Library of Congress Classification system.
Category:Lists of words.
This is a list of Latin words with derivatives in English (and other modern languages).
The following is a list of the "F" codes for MeSH.
Manas (Pali) is one of three overlapping terms used in the nikayas to refer to the mind, the others being citta and viññāṇa.
In political science, Marxism–Leninism is the ideology of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, of the Communist International and of Stalinist political parties.
Mental process or mental function are all the things that individuals can do with their minds.
The mind is a set of cognitive faculties including consciousness, perception, thinking, judgement, language and memory.
Mind–body dualism, or mind–body duality, is a view in the philosophy of mind that mental phenomena are, in some respects, non-physical,Hart, W.D. (1996) "Dualism", in A Companion to the Philosophy of Mind, ed.
Moral psychology is a field of study in both philosophy and psychology.
Morale, also known as esprit de corps, is the capacity of a group's members to maintain belief in an institution or goal, particularly in the face of opposition or hardship.
Motivation is the reason for people's actions, desires, and needs.
Narcotics Anonymous (NA) describes itself as a "nonprofit fellowship or society of men and women for whom drugs had become a major problem".
Narziß Kaspar Ach (October 29, 1871 in Ermershausen, Bavaria – 25 July 1946 in Munich) was a German psychologist and university lecturer in Königsberg, Prussia and Göttingen, Germany.
New Church Education is a philosophy of education developed and practiced by the General Church of the New Jerusalem, one of the New Church or Swedenborgian sects.
Objectivism is a philosophical system developed by Russian-American writer Ayn Rand (1905–1982).
Substance use disorders (SUD) can have a significant effect on one’s function in all areas of occupation.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to human intelligence: Human intelligence is, in the human species, the mental capacities to learn, understand, and reason, including the capacities to comprehend ideas, plan, solve problems, and use language to communicate.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to thought (thinking): Thought (also called thinking) – the mental process in which beings form psychological associations and models of the world.
The overconfidence effect is a well-established bias in which a person's subjective confidence in his or her judgements is reliably greater than the objective accuracy of those judgements, especially when confidence is relatively high.
The Peripatetic school was a school of philosophy in Ancient Greece.
A personal god is a deity who can be related to as a person instead of as an impersonal force, such as the Absolute, "the All", or the "Ground of Being".
Personhood is the status of being a person.
In philosophy, desire has been identified as a philosophical problem since Antiquity.
The practical syllogism is an instance of practical reasoning which takes the form of a syllogism, where the conclusion of the syllogism is an action.
Prepulse inhibition (PPI) is a neurological phenomenon in which a weaker prestimulus (prepulse) inhibits the reaction of an organism to a subsequent strong startling stimulus (pulse).
Property dualism describes a category of positions in the philosophy of mind which hold that, although the world is composed of just one kind of substance—the physical kind—there exist two distinct kinds of properties: physical properties and mental properties.
Research suggests that men and women differ in their psychological responses to infertility Samaira Malik, from the Institute of Work, Health, and Organizations at the University of Nottingham, UK, said, “men are in fact equally affected by the unfulfilled desire for a child but are less open about their feelings.” Men undergo various battles when facing personal infertility.
The sense of agency (SA), or sense of control, is the subjective awareness of initiating, executing, and controlling one's own volitional actions in the world.
Sentience is the capacity to feel, perceive or experience subjectively.
is an online visual novel developed and published by PST Team, a small indie developer based in Indonesia.
Living organisms including humans are social when they live collectively in interacting populations, whether they are aware of it, and whether the interaction is voluntary or involuntary.
Suggestibility is the quality of being inclined to accept and act on the suggestions of others where false but plausible information is given and one fills in the gaps in certain memories with false information when recalling a scenario or moment.
Suicide awareness is a proactive effort to raise awareness around suicidal behaviors.
In grammar, a tautology (from Greek tauto, "the same" and logos, "word"/"idea") is a statement that has repetitive or redundant wording.
The Psychology of Self-Esteem is a book by Nathaniel Branden, first published in 1969.
The Selfish Gene is a 1976 book on evolution by Richard Dawkins, in which the author builds upon the principal theory of George C. Williams's Adaptation and Natural Selection (1966).
Theory and History: An Interpretation of Social and Economic Evolution is a treatise by Austrian school economist and philosopher Ludwig von Mises.
Thomas Chalmers (17 March 1780 – 31 May 1847), was a Scottish minister, professor of theology, political economist, and a leader of the Church of Scotland and of the Free Church of Scotland.
Tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs) are a class of medications that are used primarily as antidepressants.
Tsentsak are invisible pathogenic projectiles or magical darts utilized in indigenous and mestizo shamanic practices for the purposes of sorcery and healing throughout much the Amazon Basin.
Unitary psychosis (Einheitspsychose) refers to the 19th-century belief prevalent in German psychiatry until the era of Emil Kraepelin that all forms of psychosis were surface variations of a single underlying disease process.
Volition may refer to.
Walter Mischel (born February 22, 1930) is an Austrian-born American psychologist specializing in personality theory and social psychology.
Wilhelm is a German given name, and the origin of the English name William.
Wilhelm Maximilian Wundt (16 August 1832 – 31 August 1920) was a German physician, physiologist, philosopher, and professor, known today as one of the founding figures of modern psychology.
Will may refer to.
Will, generally, is that faculty of the mind which selects, at the moment of decision, the strongest desire from among the various desires present.
The will of God, divine will, or God's plan refers to the concept of a God having a plan for humanity.
Willing may refer to.
Willpower or Will Power may refer to.
The willpower paradox is the idea that people may do things better by focusing less directly on doing them, implying that the direct exertion of volition may not always be the most powerful way to accomplish a goal.
The 3C-model of motivation („3C“ stands for the „three components of motivation“) was developed by Professor Hugo M. Kehr, PhD., at UC Berkeley.