191 relations: A Briefer History of Time (Schulman book), A Natural History of Rape, Absolute horizon, Aidan A. Kelly, Allan V. Cox, Alpha particle, Angle of parallelism, Apex (geometry), Arithmetic mean, Army ant, Back-arc region, Barium ferrite, Barred spiral galaxy, Base (geometry), Biochemistry (Stryer), Biological Physics, BKL singularity, Brans–Dicke theory, Brawley Seismic Zone, Brian M. Fagan, Brown algae, Categorical variable, Charles W. Misner, Chromosphere, Circular points at infinity, Comparative planetary science, Complementary event, Complete bipartite graph, Complex projective plane, Complex volcano, Computers and Intractability, Convergent boundary, Cooling pond, Correspondence principle, Crab Nebula, Dale R. Corson, David C. Cassidy, David Hillis, David Whitehouse, Democratic principle, Diels–Alder reaction, Differential equation, Dihydroxyacetone phosphate, Dimension, Diphosphorus tetroxide, Drosophila melanogaster, Earth's magnetic field, Ecosystem services, Einstein field equations, Electromagnetic induction, ..., ELIZA, Ergosphere, Eric Chivian, Event horizon, Evolutionary history of life, Exercise (mathematics), Flux pumping, Freeman, Frost line (astrophysics), Fructose 1,6-bisphosphate, Fructose 6-phosphate, Galaxy rotation curve, Genetic drift, Genetic linkage, Geodesics in general relativity, Geology applications of Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, Geometrodynamics, Geopotential, George Armitage Miller, George Lakey, Gerald E. McClearn, Glenn T. Seaborg bibliography, Glucose 6-phosphate, Glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate, Gravitation (book), Gravitational redshift, Gravitational singularity, Gravitational wave, Graviton, Gravity anomaly, Gyumri, Hawking (birds), Heavy metals, Heliometer, Holtzbrinck Publishing Group, Hoppers (game), Horseshoe crab, Hoyle–Narlikar theory of gravity, Human Sexuality (book), Innermost stable circular orbit, Interplate earthquake, Introduction to the mathematics of general relativity, Inverse function, Ion, Isotropic line, Jerrold E. Marsden, Jordan normal form, Kasner metric, Kruskal–Szekeres coordinates, Lead, Life (David E. Sadava book), Linus Pauling, List of group-0 ISBN publisher codes, List of group-1 ISBN publisher codes, List of important publications in geology, List of important publications in physics, Loop quantum gravity, Lorentz group, Lorentz transformation, Mach's principle, Macmillan Publishers (United States), Macromolecule, Manfred R. Schroeder, Martin Gardner bibliography, Mass, Mass excess, Mass in special relativity, Mass-to-light ratio, Mathematics of general relativity, Maxwell's equations in curved spacetime, Meizoseismal area, Michael Rowan-Robinson, Milne model, Mimosa pudica, Minkowski diagram, Mitosis, Modern physics, Molecular vibration, Monochromatic electromagnetic plane wave, Negative temperature, Neutrino, Newtonian motivations for general relativity, No-hair theorem, North American hunting technologies, On Human Nature, P versus NP problem, Palgrave Macmillan, Peter Atkins, Petrology, Phase transition, Phosphoenolpyruvic acid, Photosynthesis, Planck's law, Planetary management, Potassium bitartrate, Procolophonia, Quantum mechanics, Racemization, Random element, Random variable, Reading frame, Relativistic electromagnetism, Reynolds transport theorem, Robert Harris Mnookin, Rodeo, Sample space, Schwarzschild metric, Sedimentary rock, Seismogram, Self-Efficacy (book), Shirak Province, Silicon dioxide, Simple random sample, Special relativity (alternative formulations), Speciation, Speed of light, Spicule (solar physics), Statistical population, Superconductivity, Supergranulation, T.R. Reid, Tensor density, The Fractal Geometry of Nature, Thermal conductivity, Translation (biology), Trichotomy (mathematics), Valuation (algebra), Venn diagram, Venus, Vertebrate Paleontology and Evolution, Virus quantification, Wadati–Benioff zone, Why Zebras Don't Get Ulcers, Yilmaz theory of gravitation, Zero Defects, 1812 San Juan Capistrano earthquake, 1891 Mino–Owari earthquake, 1971 San Fernando earthquake, 1988 Armenian earthquake, 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake, 3-Phosphoglyceric acid. Expand index (141 more) » « Shrink index
A Briefer History of Time is a science humor book by the American astronomer Eric Schulman.
A Natural History of Rape: Biological Bases of Sexual Coercion is a 2000 book by the biologist Randy Thornhill and the anthropologist Craig T. Palmer, in which the authors argue that rape should be understood through evolutionary psychology, and criticize the idea, popularized by the feminist author Susan Brownmiller in Against Our Will (1975), that it is an expression of male domination that is not sexually motivated.
In general relativity, an absolute horizon is a boundary in spacetime, defined with respect to the external universe, inside which events cannot affect an external observer.
Aidan A. Kelly (born October 22, 1940) is an American academic, poet and influential figure in the Neopagan religion of Wicca.
Allan Verne Cox (December 17, 1926 – January 27, 1987) was an American geophysicist.
Alpha particles consist of two protons and two neutrons bound together into a particle identical to a helium-4 nucleus.
In hyperbolic geometry, the angle of parallelism \Pi(a), is the angle at one vertex of a right hyperbolic triangle that has two asymptotic parallel sides.
In geometry, an apex (Latin for 'summit, peak, tip, top, extreme end') is the vertex which is in some sense the "highest" of the figure to which it belongs.
In mathematics and statistics, the arithmetic mean (stress on third syllable of "arithmetic"), or simply the mean or average when the context is clear, is the sum of a collection of numbers divided by the number of numbers in the collection.
The name army ant (or legionary ant or marabunta) is applied to over 200 ant species, in different lineages, due to their aggressive predatory foraging groups, known as "raids", in which huge numbers of ants forage simultaneously over a certain area.
The back-arc region is the area behind a volcanic arc.
Barium ferrite, abbreviated BaFe, BaM, is the chemical compound with the formula BaFe12O19.
A barred spiral galaxy is a spiral galaxy with a central bar-shaped structure composed of stars.
In geometry, a base is a side of a polygon or a face of a polyhedron, particularly one oriented perpendicular to the direction in which height is measured, or on what is considered to be the "bottom" of the figure.
Biochemistry is a common university textbook used for teaching of biochemistry.
Biological Physics: Energy, Information, Life: With new art by David Goodsell is a book by Philip Nelson, illustrated by David Goodsell.
A Belinsky-Khalatnikov-Lifshitz (BKL) singularity is a model of the dynamic evolution of the Universe near the initial singularity, described by an anisotropic, homogeneous, chaotic solution to Einstein's field equations of gravitation.
In theoretical physics, the Brans–Dicke theory of gravitation (sometimes called the Jordan–Brans–Dicke theory) is a theoretical framework to explain gravitation.
The Brawley Seismic Zone (BSZ), also known as the Brawley fault zone, is a predominantly extensional tectonic zone that connects the southern terminus of the San Andreas Fault with the Imperial Fault in Southern California.
Brian Murray Fagan (born 1 August 1936) is a prolific British author of popular archaeology books and a professor emeritus of Anthropology at the University of California, Santa Barbara.
The brown algae (singular: alga), comprising the class Phaeophyceae, are a large group of multicellular algae, including many seaweeds located in colder waters within the Northern Hemisphere.
In statistics, a categorical variable is a variable that can take on one of a limited, and usually fixed number of possible values, assigning each individual or other unit of observation to a particular group or nominal category on the basis of some qualitative property.
Charles W. Misner (born June 13, 1932) is an American physicist and one of the authors of Gravitation.
The chromosphere (literally, "sphere of color") is the second of the three main layers in the Sun's atmosphere and is roughly 3,000 to 5,000 kilometers deep.
In projective geometry, the circular points at infinity (also called cyclic points or isotropic points) are two special points at infinity in the complex projective plane that are contained in the complexification of every real circle.
Comparative planetary science or comparative planetology is a branch of space science and planetary science in which different natural processes and systems are studied by their effects and phenomena on and between multiple bodies.
In probability theory, the complement of any event A is the event, i.e. the event that A does not occur.
In mathematics, the complex projective plane, usually denoted P2(C), is the two-dimensional complex projective space.
A complex volcano, also called a compound volcano, is mixed landform consisting of related volcanic centers and their associated lava flows and pyroclastic rock.
In computer science, more specifically computational complexity theory, Computers and Intractability: A Guide to the Theory of NP-Completeness is an influential textbook by Michael Garey and David S. Johnson.
In plate tectonics, a convergent boundary, also known as a destructive plate boundary, is a region of active deformation where two or more tectonic plates or fragments of the lithosphere are near the end of their life cycle.
A cooling pond is a man-made body of water primarily formed for the purpose of supplying cooling water to a nearby power plant or industrial facility such as a petroleum refinery, pulp and paper mill, chemical plant, steel mill or smelter.
In physics, the correspondence principle states that the behavior of systems described by the theory of quantum mechanics (or by the old quantum theory) reproduces classical physics in the limit of large quantum numbers.
The Crab Nebula (catalogue designations M1, NGC 1952, Taurus A) is a supernova remnant in the constellation of Taurus.
Dale Raymond Corson (April 5, 1914 – March 31, 2012) was the eighth president of Cornell University.
David Charles Cassidy (born August 10, 1945) is an American historian of science and professor emeritus at Hofstra University, Hempstead, New York.
David Mark Hillis (born December 21, 1958 in Copenhagen, Denmark) is an American evolutionary biologist, and the Alfred W. Roark Centennial Professor of Biology at the University of Texas at Austin.
David Bryn Whitehouse, FSA, FRGS (15 October 194117 February 2013) was a British archaeologist and senior scholar of the Corning Museum of Glass.
In the context of General Relativity, the democratic principle allows quick, order-of-magnitude calculations for the strength of gravitomagnetic effects such as frame-dragging.
The Diels–Alder reaction is an organic chemical reaction (specifically, a cycloaddition) between a conjugated diene and a substituted alkene, commonly termed the dienophile, to form a substituted cyclohexene derivative.
A differential equation is a mathematical equation that relates some function with its derivatives.
Dihydroxyacetone phosphate (DHAP, also glycerone phosphate in older texts) is the anion with the formula HOCH2C(O)CH2OPO32-.
In physics and mathematics, the dimension of a mathematical space (or object) is informally defined as the minimum number of coordinates needed to specify any point within it.
Diphosphorus tetroxide, or phosphorus tetroxide is an inorganic compound of phosphorus and oxygen.
Drosophila melanogaster is a species of fly (the taxonomic order Diptera) in the family Drosophilidae.
Earth's magnetic field, also known as the geomagnetic field, is the magnetic field that extends from the Earth's interior out into space, where it meets the solar wind, a stream of charged particles emanating from the Sun.
Ecosystem services are the many and varied benefits that humans freely gain from the natural environment and from properly-functioning ecosystems.
The Einstein field equations (EFE; also known as Einstein's equations) comprise the set of 10 equations in Albert Einstein's general theory of relativity that describe the fundamental interaction of gravitation as a result of spacetime being curved by mass and energy.
Electromagnetic or magnetic induction is the production of an electromotive force (i.e., voltage) across an electrical conductor in a changing magnetic field.
ELIZA is an early natural language processing computer program created from 1964 to 1966 at the MIT Artificial Intelligence Laboratory by Joseph Weizenbaum.
Eric S. Chivian is the founder and director of the Center for Health and the Global Environment (CHGE) at Harvard Medical School, where he is also an assistant clinical professor of psychiatry.
In general relativity, an event horizon is a region in spacetime beyond which events cannot affect an outside observer.
The evolutionary history of life on Earth traces the processes by which both living organisms and fossil organisms evolved since life emerged on the planet, until the present.
A mathematical exercise is a routine application of algebra or other mathematics to a stated challenge.
Flux pumping is a method for magnetising superconductors to fields in excess of 15 teslas.
Freeman, free men, or variant, may refer to: Freeman may refer to.
In astronomy or planetary science, the frost line, also known as the snow line or ice line, is the particular distance in the solar nebula from the central protostar where it is cold enough for volatile compounds such as water, ammonia, methane, carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide to condense into solid ice grains.
Fructose 1,6-bisphosphate, also known as Harden-Young ester, is fructose sugar phosphorylated on carbons 1 and 6 (i.e., is a fructosephosphate).
Fructose 6-phosphate (sometimes called the Neuberg ester) is a derivative of fructose, which has been phosphorylated at the 6-hydroxy group.
The rotation curve of a disc galaxy (also called a velocity curve) is a plot of the orbital speeds of visible stars or gas in that galaxy versus their radial distance from that galaxy's centre.
Genetic drift (also known as allelic drift or the Sewall Wright effect) is the change in the frequency of an existing gene variant (allele) in a population due to random sampling of organisms.
Genetic linkage is the tendency of DNA sequences that are close together on a chromosome to be inherited together during the meiosis phase of sexual reproduction.
In general relativity, a geodesic generalizes the notion of a "straight line" to curved spacetime.
Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) is a spectroscopic technique that has been used for analyzing the fundamental molecular structure of geological samples in recent decades.
In theoretical physics, geometrodynamics is an attempt to describe spacetime and associated phenomena completely in terms of geometry.
Geopotential is the potential of the Earth's gravity field.
George Armitage Miller (February 3, 1920 – July 22, 2012) was an American psychologist who was one of the founders of the cognitive psychology field.
George Russell Lakey (born 2 November 1937) is an activist, sociologist, and writer who added academic underpinning to the concept of nonviolent revolution.
Gerald (Jerry) McClearn (July 28, 1927 – January 5, 2017) was an American behavior geneticist and professor emeritus of health and human development and biobehavioral health at the Pennsylvania State University.
Nobel Prize–winning chemist Glenn T. Seaborg ranked among the most prolific authors in scientific history.
Glucose 6-phosphate (sometimes called the Robison ester) is a glucose sugar phosphorylated at the hydroxy group on carbon 6.
Glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate, also known as triose phosphate or 3-phosphoglyceraldehyde and abbreviated as G3P, GA3P, GADP, GAP, TP, GALP or PGAL, is the metabolite that occurs as an intermediate in several central pathways of all organisms.
Gravitation is a physics book on Einstein's theory of gravity, written by Charles W. Misner, Kip S. Thorne, and John Archibald Wheeler and originally published by W. H. Freeman and Company in 1973.
In astrophysics, gravitational redshift or Einstein shift is the process by which electromagnetic radiation originating from a source that is in a gravitational field is reduced in frequency, or redshifted, when observed in a region at a higher gravitational potential.
A gravitational singularity or spacetime singularity is a location in spacetime where the gravitational field of a celestial body becomes infinite in a way that does not depend on the coordinate system.
Gravitational waves are the disturbance in the fabric ("curvature") of spacetime generated by accelerated masses and propagate as waves outward from their source at the speed of light.
In theories of quantum gravity, the graviton is the hypothetical elementary particle that mediates the force of gravity.
A gravity anomaly is the difference between the observed acceleration of free fall, or gravity, on a planet's surface, and the corresponding value predicted from a model of the planet's gravity field.
Gyumri (Գյումրի), is an urban municipal community and the second largest city in Armenia, serving as the administrative centre of Shirak Province in the northwestern part of the country.
Hawking is a feeding strategy in birds involving catching flying insects in the air.
Heavy metals are generally defined as metals with relatively high densities, atomic weights, or atomic numbers.
A heliometer (from Greek ἥλιος hḗlios "sun" and measure) is an instrument originally designed for measuring the variation of the sun's diameter at different seasons of the year, but applied now to the modern form of the instrument which is capable of much wider use.
Holtzbrinck Publishing Group is a privately-held Stuttgart-based company which owns publishing companies worldwide.
Hoppers (ages 8+) is a classic Peg solitaire game released by ThinkFun in 1999.
Horseshoe crabs are marine and brackish water arthropods of the family Limulidae, suborder Xiphosurida, and order Xiphosura.
The Hoyle–Narlikar theory of gravity is a Machian and conformal theory of gravity proposed by Fred Hoyle and Jayant Narlikar that originally fits into the quasi steady state model of the universe.
Human Sexuality is a textbook about human sexuality by the neuroscientist Simon LeVay and Sharon Valente.
The Innermost stable circular orbit (often called the ISCO) is the smallest circular orbit in which a test particle can stably orbit a massive object in general relativity.
An interplate earthquake is an earthquake that occurs at the boundary between two tectonic plates.
The mathematics of general relativity is complex.
In mathematics, an inverse function (or anti-function) is a function that "reverses" another function: if the function applied to an input gives a result of, then applying its inverse function to gives the result, and vice versa.
An ion is an atom or molecule that has a non-zero net electrical charge (its total number of electrons is not equal to its total number of protons).
In the geometry of quadratic forms, an isotropic line or null line is a line for which the quadratic form applied to the displacement vector between any pair of its points is zero.
Jerrold Eldon Marsden (August 17, 1942 – September 21, 2010) was a mathematician.
In linear algebra, a Jordan normal form (often called Jordan canonical form) of a linear operator on a finite-dimensional vector space is an upper triangular matrix of a particular form called a Jordan matrix, representing the operator with respect to some basis.
The Kasner metric (developed by and named for the American mathematician Edward Kasner in 1921) is an exact solution to Einstein's theory of general relativity.
In general relativity Kruskal–Szekeres coordinates, named after Martin Kruskal and George Szekeres, are a coordinate system for the Schwarzschild geometry for a black hole.
Lead is a chemical element with symbol Pb (from the Latin plumbum) and atomic number 82.
Life, by David E. Sadava et al, is a 1983 biological science textbook, under continual revision, used at many colleges and universities around the United States of America.
Linus Carl Pauling (February 28, 1901 – August 19, 1994) was an American chemist, biochemist, peace activist, author, educator, and husband of American human rights activist Ava Helen Pauling.
A list of publisher codes for (978) International Standard Book Numbers with a group code of zero.
A list of publisher codes for (978) International Standard Book Numbers with a group code of one.
This is a list of important publications in geology, organized by field.
This is a list of important publications in physics, organized by field.
Loop quantum gravity (LQG) is a theory of quantum gravity, merging quantum mechanics and general relativity.
In physics and mathematics, the Lorentz group is the group of all Lorentz transformations of Minkowski spacetime, the classical and quantum setting for all (nongravitational) physical phenomena.
In physics, the Lorentz transformations (or transformation) are coordinate transformations between two coordinate frames that move at constant velocity relative to each other.
In theoretical physics, particularly in discussions of gravitation theories, Mach's principle (or Mach's conjecture) is the name given by Einstein to an imprecise hypothesis often credited to the physicist and philosopher Ernst Mach.
Macmillan Publishers USA was the former name of a now mostly defunct American publishing company.
A macromolecule is a very large molecule, such as protein, commonly created by the polymerization of smaller subunits (monomers).
Manfred Robert Schroeder (12 July 1926 – 28 December 2009) was a German physicist, most known for his contributions to acoustics and computer graphics.
In a publishing career spanning 80 years (1930-2010), popular mathematics and science writer Martin Gardner (1914-2010) authored or edited over 100 books and countless articles, columns and reviews.
Mass is both a property of a physical body and a measure of its resistance to acceleration (a change in its state of motion) when a net force is applied.
The mass excess of a nuclide is the difference between its actual mass and its mass number in atomic mass units.
Mass in special relativity incorporates the general understandings from the laws of motion of special relativity along with its concept of mass–energy equivalence.
In astrophysics and physical cosmology the mass to light ratio, normally designated with the Greek upsilon symbol \Upsilon, is the quotient between the total mass of a spatial volume (typically on the scales of a galaxy or a cluster) and its luminosity.
The mathematics of general relativity refers to various mathematical structures and techniques that are used in studying and formulating Albert Einstein's theory of general relativity.
In physics, Maxwell's equations in curved spacetime govern the dynamics of the electromagnetic field in curved spacetime (where the metric may not be the Minkowski metric) or where one uses an arbitrary (not necessarily Cartesian) coordinate system.
The meizoseismal area in an earthquake is the area of maximum damage.
(Geoffrey) Michael Rowan-Robinson (born 1942) is an astronomer, astrophysicist and Professor of Astrophysics at Imperial College London.
The Milne model was a special-relativistic cosmological model proposed by Edward Arthur Milne in 1935.
Mimosa pudica (from pudica "shy, bashful or shrinking"; also called sensitive plant, sleepy plant, action plant, Dormilones, touch-me-not, shameplant, or shy plant) is a creeping annual or perennial flowering plant of the pea/legume family Fabaceae and Magnoliopsida taxon, often grown for its curiosity value: the compound leaves fold inward and droop when touched or shaken, defending themselves from harm, and re-open a few minutes later.
The Minkowski diagram, also known as a spacetime diagram, was developed in 1908 by Hermann Minkowski and provides an illustration of the properties of space and time in the special theory of relativity.
In cell biology, mitosis is a part of the cell cycle when replicated chromosomes are separated into two new nuclei.
Modern physics is the post-Newtonian conception of physics.
A molecular vibration occurs when atoms in a molecule are in periodic motion while the molecule as a whole has constant translational and rotational motion.
In general relativity, the monochromatic electromagnetic plane wave spacetime is the analog of the monochromatic plane waves known from Maxwell's theory.
In physics, certain systems can achieve negative temperature; that is, their thermodynamic temperature can be expressed as a negative quantity on the Kelvin or Rankine scales.
A neutrino (denoted by the Greek letter ν) is a fermion (an elementary particle with half-integer spin) that interacts only via the weak subatomic force and gravity.
Some of the basic concepts of general relativity can be outlined outside the relativistic domain.
The no-hair theorem postulates that all black hole solutions of the Einstein-Maxwell equations of gravitation and electromagnetism in general relativity can be completely characterized by only three externally observable classical parameters: mass, electric charge, and angular momentum.
North American hunting technologies begins with the arrival of the Paleo-Indians and continues through to modern times.
On Human Nature (1978; second edition 2004) is a book by Harvard biologist E. O. Wilson, in which the author attempts to explain human nature and society through sociobiology.
The P versus NP problem is a major unsolved problem in computer science.
Palgrave Macmillan is an international academic and trade publishing company.
Peter William Atkins (born 10 August 1940) is an English chemist and former Professor of Chemistry at the University of Oxford and a Fellow of Lincoln College.
Petrology (from the Greek πέτρος, pétros, "rock" and λόγος, lógos, "subject matter", see -logy) is the branch of geology that studies rocks and the conditions under which they form.
The term phase transition (or phase change) is most commonly used to describe transitions between solid, liquid and gaseous states of matter, and, in rare cases, plasma.
Phosphoenolpyruvate (2-phosphoenolpyruvate, PEP) as the ester derived from the enol of pyruvate and phosphate.
Photosynthesis is a process used by plants and other organisms to convert light energy into chemical energy that can later be released to fuel the organisms' activities (energy transformation).
Planck's law describes the spectral density of electromagnetic radiation emitted by a black body in thermal equilibrium at a given temperature T. The law is named after Max Planck, who proposed it in 1900.
Planetary management is intentional global-scale management of Earth's biological, chemical and physical processes and cycles (water, carbon, nitrogen, sulfur, phosphorus, and others).
Potassium bitartrate, also known as potassium hydrogen tartrate, with formula K C4 H5 O6, is a byproduct of winemaking.
The Procolophonia are a suborder of herbivorous reptiles that lived from the Middle Permian till the end of the Triassic period.
Quantum mechanics (QM; also known as quantum physics, quantum theory, the wave mechanical model, or matrix mechanics), including quantum field theory, is a fundamental theory in physics which describes nature at the smallest scales of energy levels of atoms and subatomic particles.
In chemistry, racemization is the conversion of an enantiomerically pure mixture (one where only one enantiomer is present) into a mixture where more than one of the enantiomers are present.
In probability theory, random element is a generalization of the concept of random variable to more complicated spaces than the simple real line.
In probability and statistics, a random variable, random quantity, aleatory variable, or stochastic variable is a variable whose possible values are outcomes of a random phenomenon.
In molecular biology, a reading frame is a way of dividing the sequence of nucleotides in a nucleic acid (DNA or RNA) molecule into a set of consecutive, non-overlapping triplets.
Relativistic electromagnetism is a physical phenomenon explained in electromagnetic field theory due to Coulomb's law and Lorentz transformations.
In differential calculus, the Reynolds transport theorem (also known as the Leibniz–Reynolds transport theorem), or in short Reynolds' theorem, is a three-dimensional generalization of the Leibniz integral rule which is also known as differentiation under the integral sign.
Robert Harris Mnookin is an American lawyer, author, and the Samuel Williston Professor of Law at Harvard Law School.
Rodeo is a competitive sport that arose out of the working practices of cattle herding in Spain, Mexico, and later Central America, South America, the United States, Canada, Australia and New Zealand.
In probability theory, the sample space of an experiment or random trial is the set of all possible outcomes or results of that experiment.
In Einstein's theory of general relativity, the Schwarzschild metric (also known as the Schwarzschild vacuum or Schwarzschild solution) is the solution to the Einstein field equations that describes the gravitational field outside a spherical mass, on the assumption that the electric charge of the mass, angular momentum of the mass, and universal cosmological constant are all zero.
Sedimentary rocks are types of rock that are formed by the deposition and subsequent cementation of that material at the Earth's surface and within bodies of water.
A seismogram is a graph output by a seismograph.
Self-Efficacy: The Exercise of Control is a book on scientific psychology written by Albert Bandura.
Shirak (Շիրակ), is a province (marz) of Armenia.
Silicon dioxide, also known as silica (from the Latin silex), is an oxide of silicon with the chemical formula, most commonly found in nature as quartz and in various living organisms.
In statistics, a simple random sample is a subset of individuals (a sample) chosen from a larger set (a population).
As formulated by Albert Einstein in 1905, the theory of special relativity was based on two main postulates.
Speciation is the evolutionary process by which populations evolve to become distinct species.
The speed of light in vacuum, commonly denoted, is a universal physical constant important in many areas of physics.
In solar physics, a spicule is a dynamic jet of about 500 km diameter in the chromosphere of the Sun.
In statistics, a population is a set of similar items or events which is of interest for some question or experiment.
Superconductivity is a phenomenon of exactly zero electrical resistance and expulsion of magnetic flux fields occurring in certain materials, called superconductors, when cooled below a characteristic critical temperature.
Supergranulation is a particular pattern of convection cells on the Sun's surface called supergranules.
In differential geometry, a tensor density or relative tensor is a generalization of the tensor field concept.
The Fractal Geometry of Nature is a 1982 book by the Franco-American mathematician Benoît Mandelbrot.
Thermal conductivity (often denoted k, λ, or κ) is the property of a material to conduct heat.
In molecular biology and genetics, translation is the process in which ribosomes in the cytoplasm or ER synthesize proteins after the process of transcription of DNA to RNA in the cell's nucleus.
In mathematics, the law of trichotomy states that every real number is either positive, negative, or zero.
In algebra (in particular in algebraic geometry or algebraic number theory), a valuation is a function on a field that provides a measure of size or multiplicity of elements of the field.
A Venn diagram (also called primary diagram, set diagram or logic diagram) is a diagram that shows all possible logical relations between a finite collection of different sets.
Venus is the second planet from the Sun, orbiting it every 224.7 Earth days.
Vertebrate Paleontology and Evolution is an advanced textbook on vertebrate paleontology by Robert L. Carroll, published in 1988 by WH Freeman.
Virus quantification involves counting the number of viruses in a specific volume to determine the virus concentration.
A Wadati–Benioff zone (also Benioff–Wadati zone or Benioff zone or Benioff seismic zone) is a planar zone of seismicity corresponding with the down-going slab in a subduction zone.
Why Zebras Don't Get Ulcers is a 1994 (2nd ed. 1998, 3rd ed. 2004) book by Stanford University biologist Robert M. Sapolsky.
The Yilmaz theory of gravitation is an attempt by Huseyin Yilmaz (1924-2013) (Turkish: Hüseyin Yılmaz) and his coworkers to formulate a classical field theory of gravitation which is similar to general relativity in weak-field conditions, but in which event horizons cannot appear.
Zero Defects (or ZD) was a management-led program to eliminate defects in industrial production that enjoyed brief popularity in American industry from 1964 to the early 1970s.
The 1812 San Juan Capistrano earthquake, also known as the Wrightwood earthquake, occurred on December 8 at in Alta California.
The struck the former Japanese provinces of Mino and Owari (present-day Aichi Prefecture) in the Nōbi Plain in the early morning of October 28 with a surface wave magnitude of 8.0.
The 1971 San Fernando earthquake (also known as the Sylmar earthquake) occurred in the early morning of February 9 in the foothills of the San Gabriel Mountains in southern California.
The 1988 Armenian earthquake, also known as the Spitak earthquake (Սպիտակի երկրաշարժ Spitaki yerkrašarž), occurred on December 7 at with a surface wave magnitude of 6.8 and a maximum MSK intensity of X (Devastating).
The 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake occurred in Northern California on October 17 at local time (1989-10-18 00:04 UTC).
3-Phosphoglyceric acid (3PG) is the conjugate acid of glycerate 3-phosphate (GP).