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Cofactor (biochemistry) and Enzyme

Shortcuts: Differences, Similarities, Jaccard Similarity Coefficient, References.

Difference between Cofactor (biochemistry) and Enzyme

Cofactor (biochemistry) vs. Enzyme

A cofactor is a non-protein chemical compound or metallic ion that is required for an enzyme's activity. Enzymes are macromolecular biological catalysts.

Similarities between Cofactor (biochemistry) and Enzyme

Cofactor (biochemistry) and Enzyme have 42 things in common (in Unionpedia): Adenosine triphosphate, Alcohol dehydrogenase, Allosteric regulation, Biotin, Carbonic anhydrase, Catalase, Citric acid cycle, Coenzyme A, Cofactor (biochemistry), Cytochrome c oxidase, DNA polymerase, Enzyme catalysis, Eukaryote, Flavin adenine dinucleotide, Flavin group, Flavin mononucleotide, Folate, Functional group, Glycolysis, Heme, Hexokinase, Hydrolysis, Ion, Ligand (biochemistry), Metabolism, Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide, Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate, Organic compound, Phosphatase, Phosphorylation, ..., Protein, Protein domain, Redox, Ribozyme, S-Adenosyl methionine, Substrate (chemistry), Tetrahydrofolic acid, Thiamine pyrophosphate, Urease, Vitamin, X-ray crystallography, Yeast. Expand index (12 more) »

Adenosine triphosphate

Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) is a complex organic chemical that participates in many processes.

Adenosine triphosphate and Cofactor (biochemistry) · Adenosine triphosphate and Enzyme · See more »

Alcohol dehydrogenase

Alcohol dehydrogenases (ADH) are a group of dehydrogenase enzymes that occur in many organisms and facilitate the interconversion between alcohols and aldehydes or ketones with the reduction of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+ to NADH).

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Allosteric regulation

In biochemistry, allosteric regulation (or allosteric control) is the regulation of an enzyme by binding an effector molecule at a site other than the enzyme's active site.

Allosteric regulation and Cofactor (biochemistry) · Allosteric regulation and Enzyme · See more »


Biotin is a water-soluble B vitamin, also called vitamin B7 and formerly known as vitamin H or coenzyme R. Biotin is composed of a ureido ring fused with a tetrahydrothiophene ring.

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Carbonic anhydrase

The carbonic anhydrases (or carbonate dehydratases) form a family of enzymes that catalyze the interconversion between carbon dioxide and water and the dissociated ions of carbonic acid (i.e. bicarbonate and protons).

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Catalase is a common enzyme found in nearly all living organisms exposed to oxygen (such as bacteria, plants, and animals).

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Citric acid cycle

The citric acid cycle (CAC) – also known as the tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle or the Krebs cycle – is a series of chemical reactions used by all aerobic organisms to release stored energy through the oxidation of acetyl-CoA derived from carbohydrates, fats, and proteins into carbon dioxide and chemical energy in the form of adenosine triphosphate (ATP).

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Coenzyme A

Coenzyme A (CoA,SCoA,CoASH) is a coenzyme, notable for its role in the synthesis and oxidation of fatty acids, and the oxidation of pyruvate in the citric acid cycle.

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Cofactor (biochemistry)

A cofactor is a non-protein chemical compound or metallic ion that is required for an enzyme's activity.

Cofactor (biochemistry) and Cofactor (biochemistry) · Cofactor (biochemistry) and Enzyme · See more »

Cytochrome c oxidase

The enzyme cytochrome c oxidase or Complex IV, is a large transmembrane protein complex found in bacteria, archaea, and in eukaryotes in their mitochondria.

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DNA polymerase

DNA polymerases are enzymes that synthesize DNA molecules from deoxyribonucleotides, the building blocks of DNA.

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Enzyme catalysis

Enzyme catalysis is the increase in the rate of a chemical reaction by the active site of a protein.

Cofactor (biochemistry) and Enzyme catalysis · Enzyme and Enzyme catalysis · See more »


Eukaryotes are organisms whose cells have a nucleus enclosed within membranes, unlike Prokaryotes (Bacteria and other Archaea).

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Flavin adenine dinucleotide

In biochemistry, flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD) is a redox cofactor, more specifically a prosthetic group of a protein, involved in several important enzymatic reactions in metabolism.

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Flavin group

Flavin (from Latin flavus, "yellow") is the common name for a group of organic compounds based on pteridine, formed by the tricyclic heterocycle isoalloxazine.

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Flavin mononucleotide

Flavin mononucleotide (FMN), or riboflavin-5′-phosphate, is a biomolecule produced from riboflavin (vitamin B2) by the enzyme riboflavin kinase and functions as prosthetic group of various oxidoreductases including NADH dehydrogenase as well as cofactor in biological blue-light photo receptors.

Cofactor (biochemistry) and Flavin mononucleotide · Enzyme and Flavin mononucleotide · See more »


Folate, distinct forms of which are known as folic acid, folacin, and vitamin B9, is one of the B vitamins.

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Functional group

In organic chemistry, functional groups are specific substituents or moieties within molecules that are responsible for the characteristic chemical reactions of those molecules.

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Glycolysis (from glycose, an older term for glucose + -lysis degradation) is the metabolic pathway that converts glucose C6H12O6, into pyruvate, CH3COCOO− + H+.

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Heme or haem is a coordination complex "consisting of an iron ion coordinated to a porphyrin acting as a tetradentate ligand, and to one or two axial ligands." The definition is loose, and many depictions omit the axial ligands.

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A hexokinase is an enzyme that phosphorylates hexoses (six-carbon sugars), forming hexose phosphate.

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Hydrolysis is a term used for both an electro-chemical process and a biological one.

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An ion is an atom or molecule that has a non-zero net electrical charge (its total number of electrons is not equal to its total number of protons).

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Ligand (biochemistry)

In biochemistry and pharmacology, a ligand is a substance that forms a complex with a biomolecule to serve a biological purpose.

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Metabolism (from μεταβολή metabolē, "change") is the set of life-sustaining chemical transformations within the cells of organisms.

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Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide

Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) is a coenzyme found in all living cells.

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Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate

Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate, abbreviated NADP or, in older notation, TPN (triphosphopyridine nucleotide), is a cofactor used in anabolic reactions, such as lipid and nucleic acid synthesis, which require NADPH as a reducing agent.

Cofactor (biochemistry) and Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate · Enzyme and Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate · See more »

Organic compound

In chemistry, an organic compound is generally any chemical compound that contains carbon.

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A phosphatase is an enzyme that uses water to cleave a phosphoric acid monoester into a phosphate ion and an alcohol.

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In chemistry, phosphorylation of a molecule is the attachment of a phosphoryl group.

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Proteins are large biomolecules, or macromolecules, consisting of one or more long chains of amino acid residues.

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Protein domain

A protein domain is a conserved part of a given protein sequence and (tertiary) structure that can evolve, function, and exist independently of the rest of the protein chain.

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Redox (short for reduction–oxidation reaction) (pronunciation: or) is a chemical reaction in which the oxidation states of atoms are changed.

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Ribozymes (ribonucleic acid enzymes) are RNA molecules that are capable of catalyzing specific biochemical reactions, similar to the action of protein enzymes.

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S-Adenosyl methionine

S-Adenosyl methionineSAM-e, SAMe, SAM, S-Adenosyl-L-methionine, AdoMet, ademetionine is a common cosubstrate involved in methyl group transfers, transsulfuration, and aminopropylation.

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Substrate (chemistry)

In chemistry, a substrate is typically the chemical species being observed in a chemical reaction, which reacts with a reagent to generate a product.

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Tetrahydrofolic acid

Tetrahydrofolic acid, or tetrahydrofolate, is a folic acid derivative.

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Thiamine pyrophosphate

Thiamine pyrophosphate (TPP or ThPP), or thiamine diphosphate (ThDP), or cocarboxylase is a thiamine (vitamin B1) derivative which is produced by the enzyme thiamine diphosphokinase.

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Ureases, functionally, belong to the superfamily of amidohydrolases and phosphotriesterases.

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A vitamin is an organic molecule (or related set of molecules) which is an essential micronutrient - that is, a substance which an organism needs in small quantities for the proper functioning of its metabolism - but cannot synthesize it (either at all, or in sufficient quantities), and therefore it must be obtained through the diet.

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X-ray crystallography

X-ray crystallography is a technique used for determining the atomic and molecular structure of a crystal, in which the crystalline atoms cause a beam of incident X-rays to diffract into many specific directions.

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Yeasts are eukaryotic, single-celled microorganisms classified as members of the fungus kingdom.

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The list above answers the following questions

Cofactor (biochemistry) and Enzyme Comparison

Cofactor (biochemistry) has 160 relations, while Enzyme has 332. As they have in common 42, the Jaccard index is 8.54% = 42 / (160 + 332).


This article shows the relationship between Cofactor (biochemistry) and Enzyme. To access each article from which the information was extracted, please visit:

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