49 relations: Ab urbe condita, Anno Domini, Army, Ars Amatoria, Augustus, Birth, Calendar era, China, Chronology of Jesus, Commander, Common year starting on Friday, Common year starting on Saturday, Consul, Cousin, Dionysius Exiguus, Dong Xian, Emperor, Emperor Ai of Han, Emperor Ping of Han, Empress Fu (Ai), Euphrates, Gaius Caesar, Han dynasty, Island, Jesus, Julian calendar, Leap year starting on Saturday, Leap year starting on Thursday, Lentulus, Middle Ages, Ovid, Peace treaty, Phraates V, Piso, Proleptic Gregorian calendar, Proleptic Julian calendar, Ptolemy of Mauretania, Regent, River, Stepfamily, Wang Mang, Wang Zhengjun, Zhao Feiyan, 0 (year), 1, 23 BC, 27 BC, 32 BC, 40.
"ab urbe condita" (related to "anno urbis conditae"; A. U. C., AUC, a.u.c.; also "anno urbis", short a.u.) is a Latin phrase meaning "from the founding of the City (Rome)", traditionally dated to 753 BC.
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The terms anno Domini (AD or A.D.) and before Christ (BC or B.C.) are used to label or number years in the Julian and Gregorian calendars.
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An army (from Latin arma "arms, weapons" via Old French armée, "armed" (feminine)) is a fighting force that fights primarily on land.
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The Ars Amatoria (The Art of Love) is an instructional elegy series in three books by Ancient Roman poet Ovid.
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Augustus (Imperātor Caesar Dīvī Fīlius Augustus;Classical Latin spelling and reconstructed Classical Latin pronunciation of the names of Augustus.
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Birth, also known as parturition, is the act or process of bearing or bringing forth offspring.
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A calendar era is the year numbering system used by a calendar.
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China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a sovereign state in East Asia.
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A chronology of Jesus aims to establish a timeline for the major historical events in the life of Jesus.
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Commander is a naval officer rank.
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This is the calendar for any common year starting on Friday, January 1 (dominical letter C).
This is the calendar for any common year starting on Saturday, January 1 (dominical letter B).
Consul (abbrev. cos.; Latin plural consules) was the highest elected office of the Roman Republic and an appointive office under the Empire.
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A cousin is a relative with whom a person shares one or more common ancestors.
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Dionysius Exiguus (Dennis the Small, Dennis the Dwarf, Dennis the Little or Dennis the Short, meaning humble) (–) was a 6th-century monk born in Scythia Minor (probably modern Dobruja, which is in Romania and Bulgaria).
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Dong Xian (董賢) (23 BC(?) – 1 BC) was a Han Dynasty politician who quickly rose from obscurity as a minor official to being the most powerful official in the imperial administration of Emperor Ai within a span of a few years.
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An emperor (through Old French empereor from imperator) is a (male) monarch, usually the sovereign ruler of an empire or another type of imperial realm.
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Emperor Ai of Han (27–1 BC) was an emperor of the Chinese Han Dynasty.
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Emperor Ping (9 BC – February 3, AD 6) was an emperor of the Chinese Han Dynasty from 1 BC to AD 5.
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Empress Fu (傅皇后) (died 1 BC), formally Empress Xiaoai (孝哀皇后), was an Empress during Han Dynasty.
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The Euphrates (الفرات: al-Furāt, ̇ܦܪܬ: Pǝrāt, Եփրատ: Yeprat, פרת: Perat, Fırat, Firat) is the longest and one of the most historically important rivers of Western Asia.
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Gaius Julius Caesar (20 BC – 21 February AD 4), most commonly known as Gaius Caesar or Caius Caesar, was the oldest son of Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa and Julia the Elder.
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The Han dynasty was the second imperial dynasty of China, preceded by the Qin dynasty (221–207 BC) and succeeded by the Three Kingdoms period (220–280 AD). Spanning over four centuries, the Han period is considered a golden age in Chinese history. To this day, China's majority ethnic group refers to itself as the "Han people" and the Chinese script is referred to as "Han characters". It was founded by the rebel leader Liu Bang, known posthumously as Emperor Gaozu of Han, and briefly interrupted by the Xin dynasty (9–23 AD) of the former regent Wang Mang. This interregnum separates the Han dynasty into two periods: the Western Han or Former Han (206 BC – 9 AD) and the Eastern Han or Latter Han (25–220 AD). The emperor was at the pinnacle of Han society. He presided over the Han government but shared power with both the nobility and appointed ministers who came largely from the scholarly gentry class. The Han Empire was divided into areas directly controlled by the central government using an innovation inherited from the Qin known as commanderies, and a number of semi-autonomous kingdoms. These kingdoms gradually lost all vestiges of their independence, particularly following the Rebellion of the Seven States. From the reign of Emperor Wu onward, the Chinese court officially sponsored Confucianism in education and court politics, synthesized with the cosmology of later scholars such as Dong Zhongshu. This policy endured until the fall of the Qing dynasty in 1911 AD. The Han dynasty was an age of economic prosperity and saw a significant growth of the money economy first established during the Zhou dynasty (c. 1050–256 BC). The coinage issued by the central government mint in 119 BC remained the standard coinage of China until the Tang dynasty (618–907 AD). The period saw a number of limited institutional innovations. To pay for its military campaigns and the settlement of newly conquered frontier territories, the government nationalized the private salt and iron industries in 117 BC, but these government monopolies were repealed during the Eastern Han period. Science and technology during the Han period saw significant advances, including papermaking, the nautical steering rudder, the use of negative numbers in mathematics, the raised-relief map, the hydraulic-powered armillary sphere for astronomy, and a seismometer employing an inverted pendulum. The Xiongnu, a nomadic steppe confederation, defeated the Han in 200 BC and forced the Han to submit as a de facto inferior partner, but continued their raids on the Han borders. Emperor Wu of Han (r. 141–87 BC) launched several military campaigns against them. The ultimate Han victory in these wars eventually forced the Xiongnu to accept vassal status as Han tributaries. These campaigns expanded Han sovereignty into the Tarim Basin of Central Asia, divided the Xiongnu into two separate confederations, and helped establish the vast trade network known as the Silk Road, which reached as far as the Mediterranean world. The territories north of Han's borders were quickly overrun by the nomadic Xianbei confederation. Emperor Wu also launched successful military expeditions in the south, annexing Nanyue in 111 BC and Dian in 109 BC, and in the Korean Peninsula where the Xuantu and Lelang Commanderies were established in 108 BC. After 92 AD, the palace eunuchs increasingly involved themselves in court politics, engaging in violent power struggles between the various consort clans of the empresses and empress dowagers, causing the Han's ultimate downfall. Imperial authority was also seriously challenged by large Daoist religious societies which instigated the Yellow Turban Rebellion and the Five Pecks of Rice Rebellion. Following the death of Emperor Ling (r. 168–189 AD), the palace eunuchs suffered wholesale massacre by military officers, allowing members of the aristocracy and military governors to become warlords and divide the empire. When Cao Pi, King of Wei, usurped the throne from Emperor Xian, the Han dynasty ceased to exist.
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An island or isle is any piece of sub-continental land that is surrounded by water.
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Jesus (Ἰησοῦς; 7–2 BC to AD 30–33), also referred to as Jesus of Nazareth or Jesus Christ, is the central figure of Christianity, whom the teachings of most Christian denominations hold to be the Son of God.
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The Julian calendar, introduced by Julius Caesar in 46 BC (708 AUC), was a reform of the Roman calendar.
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This is the calendar for any leap year starting on Saturday, January 1 (dominical letter BA), such as 1600, 1944, 1972, 2000, 2028, 2056, 2084, 2400 or 2800.
This is the calendar for any leap year starting on Thursday, January 1 (dominical letter DC), such as 1948, 1976, 2004, 2032 or 2060.
Lentulus, the name of a Roman patrician family of the Cornelian gens, derived from lentes (lentils), which its oldest members were fond of cultivating (according to Pliny, Nat. Hist. xviii. 3, 10).
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In European history, the Middle Ages or Medieval period lasted from the 5th to the 15th century.
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Publius Ovidius Naso (20 March 43 BC – AD 17/18), known as Ovid in the English-speaking world, was a Roman poet who lived during the reign of Augustus.
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A peace treaty is an agreement between two or more hostile parties, usually countries or governments, which formally ends a state of war between the parties.
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Phraates V (فرهاد پنجم), known by the diminutive Phraataces (Φραατάκης), ruled the Parthian Empire from 2 BC to AD 4.
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The Piso family of ancient Rome was a prominent plebeian branch of the gens Calpurnia, descended from Calpus the son of Numa Pompilius.
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The proleptic Gregorian calendar is produced by extending the Gregorian calendar backward to dates preceding its official introduction in 1582.
The proleptic Julian calendar is produced by extending the Julian calendar backwards to dates preceding AD 4 when the quadrennial leap year stabilized.
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Ptolemy of Mauretania (Πτολεμαῖος, Ptolemaeus, Berber language: Ptulimayus, ⴱⵜⵓⵍⵉⵎⴰⵢⵓⵙ, 13 BC/9 BC-40) was the last Roman client king and ruler of Mauretania for Rome.
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A regent (from the Latin regens, " ruling") is "a person appointed to administer a state because the monarch is a minor, is absent or is incapacitated." The rule of a regent or regents is called a regency.
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A river is a natural flowing watercourse, usually freshwater, flowing towards an ocean, sea, lake or another river.
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A stepfamily or blended family is a family where at least one parent has children, from a previous relationship, that are not genetically related to the other parent.
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Wang Mang (c. 45 BCE – 6 October 23 CE), courtesy name Jujun (巨君), was a Han Dynasty official who seized the throne from the Liu family and founded the Xin (or Hsin, meaning "renewed") Dynasty (新朝), ruling 9–23 CE.
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Wang Zhengjun (71 BC – 13 AD), officially Empress Xiaoyuan (孝元皇后), later and more commonly known as Grand Empress Dowager Wang, born in Yuancheng (modern Handan, Hebei), was an empress during the Western Han Dynasty of China, who played important roles during the reigns of five successive Han emperors—her husband, her son, her two stepgrandsons, and her stepgreat-grandnephew—and later (according to traditional historians, unwittingly) led to the usurpation of the throne by her nephew Wang Mang.
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Zhao Feiyan (c. 32 – 1 BC),Peterson, Barbara Bennett & He Hong Fei & Han Tie & Wang Jiyu & Zhang Guangyu.
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Year zero does not exist in the Anno Domini (or Common Era) system usually used to number years in the Gregorian calendar and in its predecessor, the Julian calendar.
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Year 1 (I) was a common year starting on Saturday or Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar (the sources differ, see leap year error for further information) and a common year starting on Saturday of the Proleptic Julian calendar.
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Year 23 BC was either a common year starting on Saturday or Sunday or a leap year starting on Friday, Saturday or Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar (the sources differ, see leap year error for further information) and a common year starting on Friday of the Proleptic Julian calendar.
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Year 27 BC was either a common year starting on Sunday, Monday or Tuesday or a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar (the sources differ, see leap year error for further information) and a common year starting on Sunday of the Proleptic Julian calendar.
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Year 32 BC was either a common year starting on Monday or Tuesday or a leap year starting on Sunday, Monday or Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar (the sources differ, see leap year error for further information) and a common year starting on Monday of the Proleptic Julian calendar.
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Year 40 (XL) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
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