37 relations: Argot, Aspirated consonant, Atlantic–Congo languages, Bantu languages, Benue–Congo languages, Bhaca language, Click consonant, Coronal consonant, Depressor consonant, Dialect continuum, Fengu people, Gayle language, Genetic relationship (linguistics), Germanic languages, Hlubi language, IsiNgqumo, Lala language (South Africa), Linguistic typology, Mfecane, Ngoni people, Nguni cattle, Nguni people, Nhlangwini language, Northern Ndebele language, Phuthi language, Proto-Bantu language, Southern Africa, Southern Bantoid languages, Southern Bantu languages, Southern Ndebele language, Sumayela Ndebele language, Swazi language, University of California, Los Angeles, University of Cape Town, University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign, Xhosa language, Zulu language.
An argot (from French argot 'slang') is a secret language used by various groups—e.g., schoolmates, outlaws, colleagues, among many others—to prevent outsiders from understanding their conversations.
In phonetics, aspiration is the strong burst of breath that accompanies either the release or, in the case of preaspiration, the closure of some obstruents.
The Atlantic–Congo languages are a major division constituting the core of the Niger–Congo language family of Africa, characterised by the noun class systems typical of the family.
The Bantu languages (English:, Proto-Bantu: */baⁿtʊ̀/) technically the Narrow Bantu languages, as opposed to "Wide Bantu", a loosely defined categorization which includes other "Bantoid" languages are a large family of languages spoken by the Bantu peoples throughout Sub-Saharan Africa.
Benue–Congo (sometimes called East Benue–Congo) is a major subdivision of the Niger–Congo language family which covers most of Sub-Saharan Africa.
Bhaca (Baca) is a Bantu language of South Africa.
Click consonants, or clicks, are speech sounds that occur as consonants in many languages of Southern Africa and in three languages of East Africa.
Coronal consonants are consonants articulated with the flexible front part of the tongue.
A depressor consonant is a consonant that depresses (lowers) the tone of its or a neighboring syllable.
A dialect continuum or dialect chain is a spread of language varieties spoken across some geographical area such that neighbouring varieties differ only slightly, but the differences accumulate over distance so that widely separated varieties are not mutually intelligible.
The Fengu (plural amaFengu) are a Bantu people, originally closely related to the Zulu people, but now often considered to have assimilated to the Xhosa people whose language they now speak.
Gayle, or Gail, is an English and Afrikaans-based gay argot or cant slang used primarily by English and Afrikaans-speaking homosexual men in urban communities of South Africa, and is similar in some respects to Polari in the United Kingdom, from which some lexical items have been borrowed.
In linguistics, genetic relationship is the usual term for the relationship which exists between languages that are members of the same language family.
The Germanic languages are a branch of the Indo-European language family spoken natively by a population of about 515 million people mainly in Europe, North America, Oceania, and Southern Africa.
Hlubi is a minor Bantu language of South Africa, traditionally considered a dialect of Swazi.
IsiNgqumo, or IsiGqumo, (literally "decisions" in the language itself) is an argot used by homosexuals of South Africa and Zimbabwe who speak Bantu languages, as opposed to Gayle, a language used by the homosexuals of South Africa who speak Germanic languages.
Lala is a Bantu language of South Africa, claimed to be extinct in some sources.
Linguistic typology is a field of linguistics that studies and classifies languages according to their structural and functional features.
Mfecane (isiZulu, In another tradition transcribed. is the current IPA symbol for a dental click, not a lower-case.), also known by the Sesotho name Difaqane or Lifaqane (all meaning "crushing, scattering, forced dispersal, forced migration"), was a period of widespread chaos and warfare among indigenous ethnic communities in:southern Africa during the period between 1815 and about 1840.
The Ngoni people are an ethnic group living in the present-day Southern African countries of Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania and Zambia.
The Nguni cattle breed is special to southern Africa.
The Nguni people are a group of Bantu peoples who primarily speak Nguni languages and currently reside predominantly in Southern Africa.
Nhlangwini (Hlangwane) is a Bantu language of South Africa.
Northern Ndebele, also called Sindebele, Zimbabwean Ndebele or North Ndebele, and formerly known as Matabele, is an African language belonging to the Nguni group of Bantu languages, spoken by the Northern Ndebele people, or Matabele, of Zimbabwe.
Phuthi (Síphùthì) is a Nguni Bantu language spoken in southern Lesotho and areas in South Africa adjacent to the same border.
Proto-Bantu is the reconstructed common ancestor of the 550 or so Bantu languages which are spread across Central and Southern Africa.
Southern Africa is the southernmost region of the African continent, variably defined by geography or geopolitics, and including several countries.
Southern Bantoid (or South Bantoid), also known as Wide Bantu or Bin, is a branch of the Benue–Congo languages of the Niger–Congo language family.
The Southern Bantu languages are a large group of Bantu languages, largely validated in Janson (1991/92).
Southern Ndebele, also known as Transvaal Ndebele, isiNdebele, Ndebele or South Ndebele, is an African language belonging to the Nguni group of Bantu languages, spoken by the Ndebele people of South Africa.
siNdebele, or Northern Transvaal Ndebele, is a Bantu language of South Africa.
The Swazi or Swati language (Swazi: siSwati) is a Bantu language of the Nguni group spoken in Swaziland and South Africa by the Swazi people.
The University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) is a public research university in the Westwood district of Los Angeles, United States.
The University of Cape Town (UCT) is a public research university located in Cape Town in the Western Cape province of South Africa.
The University of Illinois Urbana–Champaign (also known as U of I, Illinois, or colloquially as the University of Illinois or UIUC) is a public research university in the U.S. state of Illinois and the flagship institution of the University of Illinois System.
Xhosa (Xhosa: isiXhosa) is a Nguni Bantu language with click consonants ("Xhosa" begins with a click) and one of the official languages of South Africa.
Zulu (Zulu: isiZulu) is the language of the Zulu people, with about 10 million speakers, the vast majority (over 95%) of whom live in South Africa.