36 relations: Benko Gambit, Benoni Defense, Blackmar–Diemer Gambit, Budapest Gambit, Chess opening, Closed Game, Colle System, Dutch Defence, Encyclopaedia of Chess Openings, Englund Gambit, French Defence, Grünfeld Defence, Hodgson Attack, Hypermodernism (chess), Indian Defence, Keres Defence, King's Indian Defence, King's Pawn Game, List of chess openings, London System, Modern Defense, Nimzo-Indian Defence, Old Indian Defense, Pirc Defence, Polish Defense, Queen's Gambit, Queen's Gambit Accepted, Queen's Gambit Declined, Queen's Indian Defense, Richter–Veresov Attack, Semi-Closed Game, Slav Defense, Stonewall Attack, Torre Attack, Trompowsky Attack, Wade Defence.
The Benko Gambit (or Volga Gambit) is a chess opening characterised by the move 3...b5 in the Benoni Defence arising after: The Encyclopaedia of Chess Openings has three codes for the Benko Gambit.
The Benoni Defense is a chess opening characterized by the moves: Black can then sacrifice a pawn with 3...b5 (the Benko Gambit), otherwise 3...e6 is the most common move (although 3...d6 or 3...g6 are also seen, typically transposing to main lines).
The Blackmar–Diemer Gambit (or BDG) is a chess opening characterized by the moves: where White intends to follow up with f2–f3, usually on the fourth move.
The Budapest Gambit (or Budapest Defence) is a chess opening that begins with the moves: Despite an early debut in 1896, the Budapest Gambit received attention from leading players only after a win as Black by Grandmaster Milan Vidmar over Akiba Rubinstein in 1918.
A chess opening or simply an opening refers to the initial moves of a chess game.
A Closed Game (or Double Queen's Pawn Opening) is a chess opening that begins with the moves: The move 1.d4 offers the same benefits to development and center control as does 1.e4, but unlike with the King Pawn openings where the e4 pawn is undefended after the first move, the d4 pawn is protected by White's queen.
The Colle System, also known as the Colle–Koltanowski system, is a chess opening strategy for White introduced by Belgian Edgard Colle in the 1920s, and further developed by George Koltanowski.
The Dutch Defence is a chess opening characterised by the moves: Black's 1...f5 stakes a serious claim to the e4-square and envisions an attack in the middlegame on White's; however, it also weakens Black's kingside some (especially the e8–h5 diagonal) and contributes nothing to Black's development.
The Encyclopedia of Chess Openings is a classification system for the opening moves in chess.
The Englund Gambit is a rarely played chess opening that starts with the moves: Black's idea is to avoid the traditional closed queen's pawn games and create an open game with tactical chances, but at the cost of a pawn.
The French Defence is a chess opening characterised by the moves: This is most commonly followed by 2.d4 d5, with Black intending...c5 at a later stage, attacking White's and gaining on the.
The Grünfeld Defence (ECO codes D70–D99) is a chess opening characterised by the moves: Black offers White the possibility of cxd5, when after Nxd5 White further gets the opportunity to kick the Black Knight around with e4, leading to an imposing central pawn duo for White.
The Hodgson Attack (also called the Pseudo-Trompowsky, Levitsky Attack after Stepan Levitsky, Queen's Bishop Attack, and Bishop Attack) is a chess opening that begins with the moves: Strategically, the bishop on g5 exerts an annoying influence where it pins Black's e-pawn and is ready to meet 2...Nf6 with 3.Bxf6, giving up the bishop pair in exchange for saddling Black with doubled pawns.
Hypermodernism is a school of chess that emerged after World War I. It featured challenges to the chess ideas of central European masters, including Wilhelm Steinitz's approach to the centre and the rules established by Siegbert Tarrasch.
In the game of chess, Indian defence is a broad term for a group of openings characterised by the moves: They are all to varying degrees hypermodern defences, where Black invites White to establish an imposing presence in the centre with the plan of undermining and ultimately destroying it.
The Keres Defence (also known as the Kangaroo Defence or Franco-Indian Defense) is a chess opening characterised by the moves: The opening is named for Estonian grandmaster Paul Keres.
The King's Indian Defence is a common chess opening.
The King's Pawn Game is any chess opening starting with the move: It is among the most popular opening moves in chess.
This is a list of chess openings, organized by the Encyclopaedia of Chess Openings code.
The London System is a chess opening that usually arises after 1.d4 and 2.Bf4 or 2.Nf3 & 3.Bf4.
The Modern Defense (also known as the Robatsch Defence after Karl Robatsch) is a hypermodern chess opening in which Black allows White to occupy the center with pawns on d4 and e4, then proceeds to attack and undermine this "ideal" center without attempting to occupy it himself.
The Nimzo-Indian Defence is a chess opening characterised by the moves: Other move orders, such as 1.c4 e6 2.Nc3 Nf6 3.d4 Bb4, are also feasible.
The Old Indian Defense is a chess opening defined by the moves: This opening is distinguished from the King's Indian Defense in that Black develops his on e7 rather than by fianchetto on g7.
The Pirc Defence (correctly pronounced "peerts", but often mispronounced "perk"), sometimes known as the Ufimtsev Defence or Yugoslav Defence, is a chess opening characterised by Black responding to 1.e4 with 1...d6 and 2...Nf6, followed by...g6 and...Bg7, while allowing White to establish an impressive-looking centre with pawns on d4 and e4.
The Polish Defense is the name commonly given to one of several sequences of chess opening moves characterized by an early...b5 by Black.
The Queen's Gambit is a chess opening that starts with the moves: The Queen's Gambit is one of the oldest known chess openings.
The Queen's Gambit Accepted (or QGA) is a chess opening characterised by the moves: The Queen's Gambit Accepted is the third most popular option on Black's second move, after 2...e6 (the Queen's Gambit Declined) and 2...c6 (the Slav Defense).
The Queen's Gambit Declined (or QGD) is a chess opening in which Black declines a pawn offered by White in the Queen's Gambit: This is known as the Orthodox Line of the Queen's Gambit Declined.
The Queen's Indian Defense (QID) is a chess opening defined by the moves: The opening is a solid defense to the Queen's Pawn Game.
The Richter–Veresov Attack (or Veresov Opening) is a chess opening that begins with the moves: It is also often reached by transposition, for example 1.d4 Nf6 2.Nc3 d5 3.Bg5 (the most common move order), 1.d4 Nf6 2.Bg5 d5 3.Nc3, or 1.Nc3 Nf6 2.d4 d5 3.Bg5.
A Semi-Closed Game (or Semi-Closed Opening) is a chess opening in which White plays 1.d4 but Black does not make the symmetrical reply 1...d5.
The Slav Defense is a chess opening that begins with the moves: The Slav is one of the primary defenses to the Queen's Gambit.
The Stonewall Attack is a chess opening; more specifically it is a variation of the Queen's Pawn Game.
The Torre Attack is a chess opening characterized by the moves: or the Tartakower Variation in the Queen's Pawn Game (ECO code D03): or the Torre Attack in the East Indian Defence (ECO code A48): or the Torre Attack in the Indian Defence (ECO code A47).
The Trompowsky Attack is a chess opening that begins with the moves: With his second move, White intends to exchange his bishop for Black's knight, inflicting doubled pawns upon Black in the process.
The Wade Defence is a chess opening characterised by the initial moves: The position can also arise from the move order 1.Nf3 d6 2.d4 Bg4.
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