43 relations: Abstract and concrete, Axiom of choice, Axiom of empty set, Axiom of extensionality, Axiom of infinity, Axiom of pairing, Axiom schema of replacement, Axiom schema of specification, Burali-Forti paradox, Cantor's paradox, Category theory, Class (set theory), Domain of discourse, Element (mathematics), Empty set, Extensionality, First-order logic, George Boolos, Gottlob Frege, Hierarchy (mathematics), Hume's principle, Identity (mathematics), If and only if, Inaccessible cardinal, Mathematical object, Naive set theory, Ontology, Ordinal number, Paradox, Predicate (mathematical logic), Primitive notion, Russell's paradox, Set (mathematics), Set theory, Tarski–Grothendieck set theory, Transfinite number, Transitive relation, Urelement, Von Neumann universe, Well-order, Z, Zermelo set theory, Zermelo–Fraenkel set theory.

## Abstract and concrete

Abstract and concrete are classifications that denote whether a term describes an object with a physical referent or one with no physical referents.

New!!: S (set theory) and Abstract and concrete · See more »

## Axiom of choice

In mathematics, the axiom of choice, or AC, is an axiom of set theory equivalent to the statement that the Cartesian product of a collection of non-empty sets is non-empty.

New!!: S (set theory) and Axiom of choice · See more »

## Axiom of empty set

In axiomatic set theory, the axiom of empty set is an axiom of Kripke–Platek set theory and the variant of general set theory that Burgess (2005) calls "ST," and a demonstrable truth in Zermelo set theory and Zermelo–Fraenkel set theory, with or without the axiom of choice.

New!!: S (set theory) and Axiom of empty set · See more »

## Axiom of extensionality

In axiomatic set theory and the branches of logic, mathematics, and computer science that use it, the axiom of extensionality, or axiom of extension, is one of the axioms of Zermelo–Fraenkel set theory.

New!!: S (set theory) and Axiom of extensionality · See more »

## Axiom of infinity

In axiomatic set theory and the branches of mathematics and philosophy that use it, the axiom of infinity is one of the axioms of Zermelo–Fraenkel set theory.

New!!: S (set theory) and Axiom of infinity · See more »

## Axiom of pairing

In axiomatic set theory and the branches of logic, mathematics, and computer science that use it, the axiom of pairing is one of the axioms of Zermelo–Fraenkel set theory.

New!!: S (set theory) and Axiom of pairing · See more »

## Axiom schema of replacement

In set theory, the axiom schema of replacement is a schema of axioms in Zermelo–Fraenkel set theory (ZF) that asserts that the image of any set under any definable mapping is also a set.

New!!: S (set theory) and Axiom schema of replacement · See more »

## Axiom schema of specification

In many popular versions of axiomatic set theory the axiom schema of specification, also known as the axiom schema of separation, subset axiom scheme or axiom schema of restricted comprehension is an axiom schema.

New!!: S (set theory) and Axiom schema of specification · See more »

## Burali-Forti paradox

In set theory, a field of mathematics, the Burali-Forti paradox demonstrates that constructing "the set of all ordinal numbers" leads to a contradiction and therefore shows an antinomy in a system that allows its construction.

New!!: S (set theory) and Burali-Forti paradox · See more »

## Cantor's paradox

In set theory, Cantor's paradox is a statement derivable from the theorem that there is no greatest cardinal number, so that the collection of "infinite sizes" is itself infinite.

New!!: S (set theory) and Cantor's paradox · See more »

## Category theory

Category theory formalizes mathematical structure and its concepts in terms of a labeled directed graph called a category, whose nodes are called objects, and whose labelled directed edges are called arrows (or morphisms).

New!!: S (set theory) and Category theory · See more »

## Class (set theory)

In set theory and its applications throughout mathematics, a class is a collection of sets (or sometimes other mathematical objects) that can be unambiguously defined by a property that all its members share.

New!!: S (set theory) and Class (set theory) · See more »

## Domain of discourse

In the formal sciences, the domain of discourse, also called the universe of discourse, universal set, or simply universe, is the set of entities over which certain variables of interest in some formal treatment may range.

New!!: S (set theory) and Domain of discourse · See more »

## Element (mathematics)

In mathematics, an element, or member, of a set is any one of the distinct objects that make up that set.

New!!: S (set theory) and Element (mathematics) · See more »

## Empty set

In mathematics, and more specifically set theory, the empty set or null set is the unique set having no elements; its size or cardinality (count of elements in a set) is zero.

New!!: S (set theory) and Empty set · See more »

## Extensionality

In logic, extensionality, or extensional equality, refers to principles that judge objects to be equal if they have the same external properties.

New!!: S (set theory) and Extensionality · See more »

## First-order logic

First-order logic—also known as first-order predicate calculus and predicate logic—is a collection of formal systems used in mathematics, philosophy, linguistics, and computer science.

New!!: S (set theory) and First-order logic · See more »

## George Boolos

George Stephen Boolos (September 4, 1940 – May 27, 1996) was an American philosopher and a mathematical logician who taught at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

New!!: S (set theory) and George Boolos · See more »

## Gottlob Frege

Friedrich Ludwig Gottlob Frege (8 November 1848 – 26 July 1925) was a German philosopher, logician, and mathematician.

New!!: S (set theory) and Gottlob Frege · See more »

## Hierarchy (mathematics)

In mathematics, a hierarchy is a set-theoretical object, consisting of a preorder defined on a set.

New!!: S (set theory) and Hierarchy (mathematics) · See more »

## Hume's principle

Hume's principle or HP—the terms were coined by George Boolos—says that the number of Fs is equal to the number of Gs if and only if there is a one-to-one correspondence (a bijection) between the Fs and the Gs.

New!!: S (set theory) and Hume's principle · See more »

## Identity (mathematics)

In mathematics an identity is an equality relation A.

New!!: S (set theory) and Identity (mathematics) · See more »

## If and only if

In logic and related fields such as mathematics and philosophy, if and only if (shortened iff) is a biconditional logical connective between statements.

New!!: S (set theory) and If and only if · See more »

## Inaccessible cardinal

In set theory, an uncountable cardinal is inaccessible if it cannot be obtained from smaller cardinals by the usual operations of cardinal arithmetic.

New!!: S (set theory) and Inaccessible cardinal · See more »

## Mathematical object

A mathematical object is an abstract object arising in mathematics.

New!!: S (set theory) and Mathematical object · See more »

## Naive set theory

Naïve set theory is any of several theories of sets used in the discussion of the foundations of mathematics.

New!!: S (set theory) and Naive set theory · See more »

## Ontology

Ontology (introduced in 1606) is the philosophical study of the nature of being, becoming, existence, or reality, as well as the basic categories of being and their relations.

New!!: S (set theory) and Ontology · See more »

## Ordinal number

In set theory, an ordinal number, or ordinal, is one generalization of the concept of a natural number that is used to describe a way to arrange a collection of objects in order, one after another.

New!!: S (set theory) and Ordinal number · See more »

## Paradox

A paradox is a statement that, despite apparently sound reasoning from true premises, leads to an apparently self-contradictory or logically unacceptable conclusion.

New!!: S (set theory) and Paradox · See more »

## Predicate (mathematical logic)

In mathematical logic, a predicate is commonly understood to be a Boolean-valued function P: X→, called the predicate on X. However, predicates have many different uses and interpretations in mathematics and logic, and their precise definition, meaning and use will vary from theory to theory.

New!!: S (set theory) and Predicate (mathematical logic) · See more »

## Primitive notion

In mathematics, logic, and formal systems, a primitive notion is an undefined concept.

New!!: S (set theory) and Primitive notion · See more »

## Russell's paradox

In the foundations of mathematics, Russell's paradox (also known as Russell's antinomy), discovered by Bertrand Russell in 1901, showed that some attempted formalizations of the naïve set theory created by Georg Cantor led to a contradiction.

New!!: S (set theory) and Russell's paradox · See more »

## Set (mathematics)

In mathematics, a set is a collection of distinct objects, considered as an object in its own right.

New!!: S (set theory) and Set (mathematics) · See more »

## Set theory

Set theory is a branch of mathematical logic that studies sets, which informally are collections of objects.

New!!: S (set theory) and Set theory · See more »

## Tarski–Grothendieck set theory

Tarski–Grothendieck set theory (TG, named after mathematicians Alfred Tarski and Alexander Grothendieck) is an axiomatic set theory.

New!!: S (set theory) and Tarski–Grothendieck set theory · See more »

## Transfinite number

Transfinite numbers are numbers that are "infinite" in the sense that they are larger than all finite numbers, yet not necessarily absolutely infinite.

New!!: S (set theory) and Transfinite number · See more »

## Transitive relation

In mathematics, a binary relation over a set is transitive if whenever an element is related to an element and is related to an element then is also related to.

New!!: S (set theory) and Transitive relation · See more »

## Urelement

In set theory, a branch of mathematics, an urelement or ur-element (from the German prefix ur-, 'primordial') is an object (concrete or abstract) that is not a set, but that may be an element of a set.

New!!: S (set theory) and Urelement · See more »

## Von Neumann universe

In set theory and related branches of mathematics, the von Neumann universe, or von Neumann hierarchy of sets, denoted V, is the class of hereditary well-founded sets.

New!!: S (set theory) and Von Neumann universe · See more »

## Well-order

In mathematics, a well-order (or well-ordering or well-order relation) on a set S is a total order on S with the property that every non-empty subset of S has a least element in this ordering.

New!!: S (set theory) and Well-order · See more »

## Z

Z (named zed or zee "Z", Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd edition (1989); Merriam-Webster's Third New International Dictionary of the English Language, Unabridged (1993); "zee", op. cit.) is the 26th and final letter of the modern English alphabet and the ISO basic Latin alphabet.

New!!: S (set theory) and Z · See more »

## Zermelo set theory

Zermelo set theory, as set out in an important paper in 1908 by Ernst Zermelo, is the ancestor of modern set theory.

New!!: S (set theory) and Zermelo set theory · See more »

## Zermelo–Fraenkel set theory

In mathematics, Zermelo–Fraenkel set theory, named after mathematicians Ernst Zermelo and Abraham Fraenkel, is an axiomatic system that was proposed in the early twentieth century in order to formulate a theory of sets free of paradoxes such as Russell's paradox.

New!!: S (set theory) and Zermelo–Fraenkel set theory · See more »