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Index Tibia

The tibia (plural tibiae or tibias), also known as the shinbone or shankbone, is the larger, stronger, and anterior (frontal) of the two bones in the leg below the knee in vertebrates (the other being the fibula, behind and to the outside of the tibia), and it connects the knee with the ankle bones. [1]

92 relations: Ankle, Ankle fracture, Anterior colliculus, Anterior cruciate ligament, Anterior ligament of the head of the fibula, Anterior tibial artery, Aponeurosis, Aulos, Bending moment, Biceps femoris muscle, Bimalleolar fracture, Bone, Bone fracture, Bumper fracture, Cruciate ligament, Deep fascia, Diaphysis, Epiphysis, Extensor digitorum longus muscle, Extensor hallucis longus muscle, Facet, Femur, Fibrous joint, Fibula, Flexor digitorum longus muscle, Flexor hallucis longus muscle, Foot, Gerdy's tubercle, Gosselin fracture, Gracilis muscle, Haruguchi classification, Herscovici classification, Hinge joint, Human body, Iliotibial tract, Inferior tibiofibular joint, Intercondylar area, Interosseous membrane, Interosseous membrane of leg, Joint, Joint capsule, Judaism, Knee, Lateral condyle of tibia, Lauge-Hansen classification, Leg, Long bone, Lower extremity of femur, Malleolus, Medial collateral ligament, ..., Medial condyle of tibia, Median plane, Meniscus (anatomy), Meniscus (liquid), Nutrient artery, Ossification, Ossification center, Passover Seder plate, Patella, Patellar ligament, Periosteum, Pes anserinus (leg), Plane joint, Popliteus muscle, Posterior cruciate ligament, Posterior ligament of the head of the fibula, Pott's fracture, Quadriceps femoris muscle, Sartorius muscle, Segond fracture, Semimembranosus muscle, Semitendinosus muscle, Shin splints, Soleal line, Soleus muscle, Squatting position, Subcutaneous tissue, Superior tibiofibular joint, Synovial bursa, Synovial joint, Talus bone, Tarsus (skeleton), Tensor fasciae latae muscle, Tetrapod, Thigh, Tibia, Tibialis anterior muscle, Tibialis posterior muscle, Toddler's fracture, Trimalleolar fracture, Tubercle, Tuberosity of the tibia. Expand index (42 more) »


The ankle, or the talocrural region, is the region where the foot and the leg meet.

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Ankle fracture

An ankle fracture is a break of the ankle bones.

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Anterior colliculus

The anterior colliculus is the anterior portion of the medial malleolus of the distal tibia, forming part of the ankle mortise.

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Anterior cruciate ligament

The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is one of a pair of cruciate ligaments (the other being the posterior cruciate ligament) in the human knee.

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Anterior ligament of the head of the fibula

The anterior ligament of the head of the fibula (anterior superior ligament) consists of two or three broad and flat bands, which pass obliquely upward from the front of the head of the fibula to the front of the lateral condyle of the tibia.

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Anterior tibial artery

The anterior tibial artery of the leg carries blood to the anterior compartment of the leg and dorsal surface of the foot, from the popliteal artery.

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An aponeurosis (plural: aponeuroses) is a type or a variant of the deep fascia, in the form of a sheet of pearly-white fibrous tissue that attaches sheet-like muscles needing a wide area of attachment.

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An aulos (αὐλός, plural αὐλοί, auloi) or tibia (Latin) was an ancient Greek wind instrument, depicted often in art and also attested by archaeology.

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Bending moment

A bending moment is the reaction induced in a structural element when an external force or moment is applied to the element causing the element to bend.

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Biceps femoris muscle

The biceps femoris is a muscle of the thigh located to the posterior, or back.

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Bimalleolar fracture

A bimalleolar fracture is a fracture of the ankle that involves the lateral malleolus and the medial malleolus.

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A bone is a rigid organ that constitutes part of the vertebrate skeleton.

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Bone fracture

A bone fracture (sometimes abbreviated FRX or Fx, Fx, or #) is a medical condition in which there is a partial or complete break in the continuity of the bone.

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Bumper fracture

A bumper fracture is a fracture of the lateral tibial plateau caused by a forced valgus applied to the knee.

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Cruciate ligament

Cruciate ligaments (also cruciform ligaments) are pairs of ligaments arranged like a letter X. They occur in several joints of the body, such as the knee.

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Deep fascia

Deep fascia (or investing fascia) is a fascia, a layer of dense connective tissue which can surround individual muscles, and also surround groups of muscles to separate into fascial compartments.

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The diaphysis is the main or midsection (shaft) of a long bone.

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The epiphysis is the rounded end of a long bone, at its joint with adjacent bone(s).

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Extensor digitorum longus muscle

The extensor digitorum longus is a pennate muscle, situated at the lateral part of the front of the leg.

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Extensor hallucis longus muscle

The Extensor hallucis longus is a thin muscle, situated between the Tibialis anterior and the Extensor digitorum longus, that functions to extend the big toe and dorsiflex the foot, and assists with foot eversion and inversion.

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Facets are flat faces on geometric shapes.

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The femur (pl. femurs or femora) or thigh bone, is the most proximal (closest to the hip joint) bone of the leg in tetrapod vertebrates capable of walking or jumping, such as most land mammals, birds, many reptiles including lizards, and amphibians such as frogs.

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Fibrous joint

Fibrous joints are connected by dense connective tissue, consisting mainly of collagen.

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The fibula or calf bone is a leg bone located on the lateral side of the tibia, with which it is connected above and below.

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Flexor digitorum longus muscle

The flexor digitorum longus is situated on the tibial side of the leg.

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Flexor hallucis longus muscle

The flexor hallucis longus muscle (FHL) is one of the three deep muscles of the posterior compartment of the leg that attaches to the plantar surface of the distal phalanx of the great toe.

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The foot (plural feet) is an anatomical structure found in many vertebrates.

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Gerdy's tubercle

Gerdy's tubercle is a lateral tubercle of the tibia, located where the iliotibial tract inserts.

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Gosselin fracture

The Gosselin fracture is a V-shaped fracture of the distal tibia which extends into the ankle joint and fractures the tibial plafond into anterior and posterior fragments.

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Gracilis muscle

The gracilis muscle (Latin for "slender") is the most superficial muscle on the medial side of the thigh.

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Haruguchi classification

The Haruguchi classification is a system of categorizing posterior malleolus fractures.

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Herscovici classification

The Herscovi classification is a system of categorizing medial malleolus fractures of the distal tibia based on level.

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Hinge joint

A hinge joint (ginglymus) is a bone joint in which the articular surfaces are molded to each other in such a manner as to permit motion only in one plane.

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Human body

The human body is the entire structure of a human being.

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Iliotibial tract

The iliotibial tract or iliotibial band (also known as Maissiat's band or IT Band) is a longitudinal fibrous reinforcement of the fascia lata.

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Inferior tibiofibular joint

The distal tibiofibular joint (tibiofibular syndesmosis) is formed by the rough, convex surface of the medial side of the distal end of the fibula, and a rough concave surface on the lateral side of the tibia.

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Intercondylar area

The intercondylar area is the separation between the medial and lateral condyle on the upper extremity of the tibia.

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Interosseous membrane

An interosseous membrane is a broad and thin plane of fibrous tissue that separates many of the bones of the body.

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Interosseous membrane of leg

The interosseous membrane of the leg (middle tibiofibular ligament) extends between the interosseous crests of the tibia and fibula, helps stabilize the Tib-Fib relationship and separates the muscles on the front from those on the back of the leg.

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A joint or articulation (or articular surface) is the connection made between bones in the body which link the skeletal system into a functional whole.

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Joint capsule

In anatomy, a joint capsule or articular capsule is an envelope surrounding a synovial joint.

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Judaism (originally from Hebrew, Yehudah, "Judah"; via Latin and Greek) is the religion of the Jewish people.

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The knee joins the thigh with the leg and consists of two joints: one between the femur and tibia (tibiofemoral joint), and one between the femur and patella (patellofemoral joint).

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Lateral condyle of tibia

The lateral condyle is the lateral portion of the upper extremity of tibia.

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Lauge-Hansen classification

The Lauge-Hansen classification is a system of categorizing ankle fractures based on the foot position and the force applied.

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A leg is a weight bearing and locomotive anatomical structure, usually having a columnar shape.

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Long bone

The long bones are those that are longer than they are wide.

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Lower extremity of femur

The lower extremity of femur (or distal extremity) is the lower end of the thigh bone in human and other animals, closer to the knee.

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A malleolus is the bony prominence on each side of the human ankle.

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Medial collateral ligament

The medial collateral ligament (MCL), or tibial collateral ligament (TCL), is one of the four major ligaments of the knee.

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Medial condyle of tibia

The medial condyle is the medial portion of the upper extremity of tibia.

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Median plane

The median plane also called a mid-sagittal plane is used to describe the sagittal plane as it bisects the body vertically through the midline marked by the navel, dividing the body exactly in left and right side.

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Meniscus (anatomy)

A meniscus is a crescent-shaped fibrocartilaginous anatomical structure that, in contrast to an articular disk, only partly divides a joint cavity.

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Meniscus (liquid)

The meniscus (plural: menisci, from the Greek for "crescent") is the curve in the upper surface of a liquid close to the surface of the container or another object, caused by surface tension.

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Nutrient artery

The nutrient artery (arteria nutricia) or medullary, usually accompanied by one or two veins, enters the bone through the nutrient foramen, runs obliquely through the cortex, sends branches upward and downward to the bone marrow, which ramify in the endosteum – the vascular membrane lining the medullary cavity, and give twigs to the adjoining canals.

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Ossification (or osteogenesis) in bone remodeling is the process of laying down new bone material by cells called osteoblasts.

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Ossification center

The first step in ossification of the cartilage is that the cartilage cells, at the point where ossification is commencing and which is termed as an ossification center, enlarge and arrange themselves in rows.

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Passover Seder plate

The Passover Seder plate (קערה, ke'ara) is a special plate containing symbolic foods eaten or displayed at the Passover Seder.

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The patella, also known as the kneecap, is a thick, circular-triangular bone which articulates with the femur (thigh bone) and covers and protects the anterior articular surface of the knee joint.

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Patellar ligament

The patellar ligament is the distal portion of the common tendon of the quadriceps femoris, which is continued from the patella to the tibial tuberosity.

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The periosteum is a membrane that covers the outer surface of all bones, except at the joints of long bones.

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Pes anserinus (leg)

Pes anserinus ("goose foot") refers to the conjoined tendons of three muscles that insert onto the anteromedial (front and inside) surface of the proximal extremity of the tibia.

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Plane joint

A plane joint (arthrodial joint, gliding joint, plane articulation) is a synovial joint which, under physiological conditions, allows only gliding movement.

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Popliteus muscle

The popliteus muscle in the leg is used for unlocking the knees when walking, by laterally rotating the femur on the tibia during the closed chain portion of the gait cycle (one with the foot in contact with the ground).

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Posterior cruciate ligament

The posterior cruciate ligament (or PCL) is one of the four major ligaments of the knee.

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Posterior ligament of the head of the fibula

The posterior ligament of the head of the fibula is a part of the knee.

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Pott's fracture

Pott's fracture, also known as Pott's syndrome I and Dupuytren fracture, is an archaic term loosely applied to a variety of bimalleolar ankle fractures.

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Quadriceps femoris muscle

The quadriceps femoris (also called the quadriceps extensor, quadriceps or quads), is a large muscle group that includes the four prevailing muscles on the front of the thigh.

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Sartorius muscle

The sartorius muscle is the longest muscle in the human body.

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Segond fracture

The Segond fracture is a type of avulsion fracture (soft tissue structures tearing off bits of their bony attachment) of the lateral tibial condyle of the knee, immediately beyond the surface which articulates with the femur.

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Semimembranosus muscle

The semimembranosus is the most medial of the three hamstring muscles.

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Semitendinosus muscle

The semitendinosus is a long superficial muscle in the back of the thigh.

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Shin splints

Shin splints, also known as medial tibial stress syndrome (MTSS), is defined by the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons as "pain along the inner edge of the shinbone.

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Soleal line

The posterior surface of the tibia presents, at its upper part, a prominent ridge, the soleal line (popliteal line in older texts), which extends obliquely downward from the back part of the articular facet for the fibula to the medial border, at the junction of its upper and middle thirds.

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Soleus muscle

In humans and some other mammals, the soleus is a powerful muscle in the back part of the lower leg (the calf).

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Squatting position

Squatting is a posture where the weight of the body is on the feet (as with standing) but the knees and hips are bent.

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Subcutaneous tissue

The subcutaneous tissue, also called the hypodermis, hypoderm, subcutis, or superficial fascia, is the lowermost layer of the integumentary system in vertebrates.

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Superior tibiofibular joint

The proximal tibiofibular articulation (also called superior tibiofibular joint) is an arthrodial joint between the lateral condyle of the tibia and the head of the fibula.

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Synovial bursa

A bursa (plural bursae or bursas) is a small fluid-filled sac lined by synovial membrane with an inner capillary layer of viscous synovial fluid (similar in consistency to that of a raw egg white).

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Synovial joint

A synovial joint, also known as diarthrosis, joins bones with a fibrous joint capsule that is continuous with the periosteum of the joined bones, constitutes the outer boundary of a synovial cavity, and surrounds the bones' articulating surfaces.

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Talus bone

The talus (Latin for ankle), talus bone, astragalus, or ankle bone is one of the group of foot bones known as the tarsus.

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Tarsus (skeleton)

The tarsus is a cluster of seven articulating bones in each foot situated between the lower end of tibia and fibula of the lower leg and the metatarsus.

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Tensor fasciae latae muscle

The tensor fasciae latae (or tensor fasciæ latæ) is a muscle of the thigh.

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The superclass Tetrapoda (from Greek: τετρα- "four" and πούς "foot") contains the four-limbed vertebrates known as tetrapods; it includes living and extinct amphibians, reptiles (including dinosaurs, and its subgroup birds) and mammals (including primates, and all hominid subgroups including humans), as well as earlier extinct groups.

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In human anatomy, the thigh is the area between the hip (pelvis) and the knee.

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The tibia (plural tibiae or tibias), also known as the shinbone or shankbone, is the larger, stronger, and anterior (frontal) of the two bones in the leg below the knee in vertebrates (the other being the fibula, behind and to the outside of the tibia), and it connects the knee with the ankle bones.

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Tibialis anterior muscle

The tibialis anterior is a muscle in humans that originates in the upper two-thirds of the lateral (outside) surface of the tibia and inserts into the medial cuneiform and first metatarsal bones of the foot.

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Tibialis posterior muscle

The tibialis posterior is the most central of all the leg muscles, and is located in the deep posterior compartment of the leg.

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Toddler's fracture

Toddler's fractures or childhood accidental spiral tibial (CAST) fractures are bone fractures of the distal (lower) part of the shin bone (tibia) in toddlers (aged 9 months-3 years) and other young children (less than 8 years).

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Trimalleolar fracture

A trimalleolar fracture is a fracture of the ankle that involves the lateral malleolus, the medial malleolus, and the distal posterior aspect of the tibia, which can be termed the posterior malleolus.

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In anatomy, a tubercle is any round nodule, small eminence, or warty outgrowth found on external or internal organs of a plant or an animal.

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Tuberosity of the tibia

The tuberosity of the tibia or tibial tuberosity or tibial tubercle is a large oblong elevation on the proximal, anterior aspect of the tibia, just below where the anterior surfaces of the lateral and medial tibial condyles end.

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Redirects here:

Body of the tibia, Body of tibia, Chemis shin, Chinbone, Corpus tibiae, Distal extremity of the tibia, Distal extremity of tibia, Distal tibia, Extremitas distalis tibiae, Extremitas proximalis tibiae, Head of the tibia, Lower end of tibia, Lower extremity of the tibia, Lower extremity of tibia, Medial and lateral condyles, Ossification of the tibia, Ossification of the tibia bone, Ossification of the tibia bones, Ossification of tibia, Ossification of tibia bone, Ossification of tibia bones, Posterior malleolus, Proximal extremity of the tibia, Proximal extremity of tibia, Proximal tibia bone, Right tibia, SHANKBONE, Shaft of tibia, Shank bone, Shin Bone, Shin bone, Shinbone, Tibia (bone), Tibia bone, Tibia bones, Tibiae, Tibias, Tibius, Tibiæ, Upper end of the tibia, Upper end of the tibia bone, Upper end of tibia, Upper end of tibia bone, Upper ends of the tibia bones, Upper ends of tibia bones, Upper extremity of the tibia, Upper extremity of tibia.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tibia

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