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Ossification

Index Ossification

Ossification (or osteogenesis) in bone remodeling is the process of laying down new bone material by cells called osteoblasts. [1]

49 relations: Bone, Bone healing, Bone remodeling, Calcification, Calcium, Cartilage, Cell (biology), Chondrocyte, Clavicle, Cytokine, Diaphysis, Dystrophic calcification, Endochondral ossification, Epiphysis, Exaptation, Fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva, Flat bone, Growth factor, Health, Heterotopic ossification, Hip bone, Hyaline cartilage, Insulin-like growth factor, Internal fixation, Intramembranous ossification, Mandible, Mechanostat, Mesenchyme, Metal, Mineral, Nutrient canal, Osmosis, Ossicone, Ossification center, Osteoblast, Osteoclast, Osteogenesis imperfecta, Perichondrium, Periosteum, Plaster, Primrose syndrome, Scapula, Screw, Skull, Sternum, Tibia, Tissue (biology), Vertebra, Vertebrate.

Bone

A bone is a rigid organ that constitutes part of the vertebrate skeleton.

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Bone healing

Bone healing, or fracture healing, is a proliferative physiological process in which the body facilitates the repair of a bone fracture.

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Bone remodeling

Bone remodeling (or bone metabolism) is a lifelong process where mature bone tissue is removed from the skeleton (a process called bone resorption) and new bone tissue is formed (a process called ossification or new bone formation).

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Calcification

Calcification is the accumulation of calcium salts in a body tissue.

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Calcium

Calcium is a chemical element with symbol Ca and atomic number 20.

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Cartilage

Cartilage is a resilient and smooth elastic tissue, a rubber-like padding that covers and protects the ends of long bones at the joints, and is a structural component of the rib cage, the ear, the nose, the bronchial tubes, the intervertebral discs, and many other body components.

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Cell (biology)

The cell (from Latin cella, meaning "small room") is the basic structural, functional, and biological unit of all known living organisms.

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Chondrocyte

Chondrocytes (from Greek χόνδρος, chondros.

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Clavicle

The clavicle or collarbone is a long bone that serves as a strut between the shoulder blade and the sternum or breastbone.

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Cytokine

Cytokines are a broad and loose category of small proteins (~5–20 kDa) that are important in cell signaling.

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Diaphysis

The diaphysis is the main or midsection (shaft) of a long bone.

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Dystrophic calcification

Dystrophic calcification (DC) is the calcification occurring in degenerated or necrotic tissue, as in hyalinized scars, degenerated foci in leiomyomas, and caseous nodules.

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Endochondral ossification

Endochondral ossification is one of the two essential processes during fetal development of the mammalian skeletal system by which bone tissue is created.

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Epiphysis

The epiphysis is the rounded end of a long bone, at its joint with adjacent bone(s).

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Exaptation

Exaptation (Stephen Jay Gould and Elisabeth Vrba's proposed replacement for what he considered the teleologically-loaded term "pre-adaptation") and the related term co-option describe a shift in the function of a trait during evolution.

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Fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva

Fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva (FOP) is an extremely rare connective tissue disease.

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Flat bone

Flat bones are bones whose principal function is either extensive protection or the provision of broad surfaces for muscular attachment.

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Growth factor

A growth factor is a naturally occurring substance capable of stimulating cellular growth, proliferation, healing, and cellular differentiation.

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Health

Health is the ability of a biological system to acquire, convert, allocate, distribute, and utilize energy with maximum efficiency.

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Heterotopic ossification

Heterotopic ossification (HO) is the process by which bone tissue forms outside of the skeleton.

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Hip bone

The hip bone (os coxa, innominate bone, pelvic bone or coxal bone) is a large flat bone, constricted in the center and expanded above and below.

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Hyaline cartilage

Hyaline cartilage is glass-like (hyaline) but translucent cartilage.

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Insulin-like growth factor

The insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) are proteins with high sequence similarity to insulin.

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Internal fixation

Internal fixation is an operation in orthopedics that involves the surgical implementation of implants for the purpose of repairing a bone, a concept that dates to the mid-nineteenth century and was made applicable for routine treatment in the mid-twentieth century.

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Intramembranous ossification

Intramembranous ossification is one of the two essential processes during fetal development of the gnathostome (excluding chondrichthyans such as sharks) skeletal system by which rudimentary bone tissue is created.

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Mandible

The mandible, lower jaw or jawbone is the largest, strongest and lowest bone in the human face.

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Mechanostat

The Mechanostat is a term describing the way in which mechanical loading influences bone structure by changing the mass (amount of bone) and architecture (its arrangement) to provide a structure that resists habitual loads with an economical amount of material.

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Mesenchyme

Mesenchyme, in vertebrate embryology, is a type of connective tissue found mostly during the development of the embryo.

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Metal

A metal (from Greek μέταλλον métallon, "mine, quarry, metal") is a material (an element, compound, or alloy) that is typically hard when in solid state, opaque, shiny, and has good electrical and thermal conductivity.

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Mineral

A mineral is a naturally occurring chemical compound, usually of crystalline form and not produced by life processes.

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Nutrient canal

All bones possess larger or smaller foramina (openings) for the entrance of blood-vessels; these are known as the nutrient foramina, and are particularly large in the shafts of the larger long bones, where they lead into a nutrient canal, which extends into the medullary cavity.

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Osmosis

Osmosis is the spontaneous net movement of solvent molecules through a selectively permeable membrane into a region of higher solute concentration, in the direction that tends to equalize the solute concentrations on the two sides.

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Ossicone

Ossicones are horn-like (or antler-like) protuberances on the heads of giraffes, male okapis, and their extinct relatives, such as Sivatherium, and the climacoceratids, such as Climacoceras.

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Ossification center

The first step in ossification of the cartilage is that the cartilage cells, at the point where ossification is commencing and which is termed as an ossification center, enlarge and arrange themselves in rows.

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Osteoblast

Osteoblasts (from the Greek combining forms for "bone", ὀστέο-, osteo- and βλαστάνω, blastanō "germinate") are cells with a single nucleus that synthesize bone.

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Osteoclast

An osteoclast is a type of bone cell that breaks down bone tissue.

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Osteogenesis imperfecta

Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI), also known as brittle bone disease, is a group of genetic disorders that mainly affect the bones.

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Perichondrium

The perichondrium (from Greek περί (peri 'around') and χόνδρος (chondros 'cartilage')) is a layer of dense irregular connective tissue that surrounds the cartilage of developing bone.

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Periosteum

The periosteum is a membrane that covers the outer surface of all bones, except at the joints of long bones.

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Plaster

Plaster is a building material used for the protective and/or decorative coating of walls and ceilings and for moulding and casting decorative elements.

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Primrose syndrome

Primrose syndrome is a rare, slowly progressive genetic disorder that can vary symptomatically between individual cases, but is generally characterised by ossification of the external ears, learning difficulties, and facial abnormalities.

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Scapula

In anatomy, the scapula (plural scapulae or scapulas; also known as shoulder bone, shoulder blade or wing bone) is the bone that connects the humerus (upper arm bone) with the clavicle (collar bone).

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Screw

A screw is a type of fastener, in some ways similar to a bolt (see Differentiation between bolt and screw below), typically made of metal, and characterized by a helical ridge, known as a male thread (external thread).

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Skull

The skull is a bony structure that forms the head in vertebrates.

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Sternum

The sternum or breastbone is a long flat bone located in the center of the chest.

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Tibia

The tibia (plural tibiae or tibias), also known as the shinbone or shankbone, is the larger, stronger, and anterior (frontal) of the two bones in the leg below the knee in vertebrates (the other being the fibula, behind and to the outside of the tibia), and it connects the knee with the ankle bones.

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Tissue (biology)

In biology, tissue is a cellular organizational level between cells and a complete organ.

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Vertebra

In the vertebrate spinal column, each vertebra is an irregular bone with a complex structure composed of bone and some hyaline cartilage, the proportions of which vary according to the segment of the backbone and the species of vertebrate.

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Vertebrate

Vertebrates comprise all species of animals within the subphylum Vertebrata (chordates with backbones).

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Bone formation, Bone growth, Co-ossification, Co-ossified, Coossification, Mineralization of bone, Ossified, Ossifies, Ossify, Osteogenic.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ossification

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