43 relations: Cartesian coordinate system, Convex polytope, Coxeter group, Coxeter notation, Coxeter–Dynkin diagram, Cross-polytope, Dual polyhedron, Edge (geometry), Face (geometry), Facet (geometry), Geometry, Gosset–Elte figures, Greek language, Harold Scott MacDonald Coxeter, Hexadecagon, Hypercube, Hyperrectangle, Norman Johnson (mathematician), Octahedron, Petrie polygon, Polyhedral combinatorics, Projection (linear algebra), Quasiregular polyhedron, Regular polytope, Schläfli symbol, Square, Tetrahedron, Triangle, Uniform 8-polytope, Vertex (geometry), Vertex figure, Wythoff construction, 16-cell, 5 21 honeycomb, 5-cell, 5-orthoplex, 5-simplex, 6-orthoplex, 6-simplex, 7-orthoplex, 7-simplex, 8-cube, 8-simplex.
A Cartesian coordinate system is a coordinate system that specifies each point uniquely in a plane by a pair of numerical coordinates, which are the signed distances to the point from two fixed perpendicular directed lines, measured in the same unit of length.
A convex polytope is a special case of a polytope, having the additional property that it is also a convex set of points in the n-dimensional space Rn.
In mathematics, a Coxeter group, named after H. S. M. Coxeter, is an abstract group that admits a formal description in terms of reflections (or kaleidoscopic mirrors).
In geometry, Coxeter notation (also Coxeter symbol) is a system of classifying symmetry groups, describing the angles between with fundamental reflections of a Coxeter group in a bracketed notation expressing the structure of a Coxeter-Dynkin diagram, with modifiers to indicate certain subgroups.
In geometry, a Coxeter–Dynkin diagram (or Coxeter diagram, Coxeter graph) is a graph with numerically labeled edges (called branches) representing the spatial relations between a collection of mirrors (or reflecting hyperplanes).
In geometry, a cross-polytope, orthoplex, hyperoctahedron, or cocube is a regular, convex polytope that exists in n-dimensions.
In geometry, any polyhedron is associated with a second dual figure, where the vertices of one correspond to the faces of the other and the edges between pairs of vertices of one correspond to the edges between pairs of faces of the other.
In geometry, an edge is a particular type of line segment joining two vertices in a polygon, polyhedron, or higher-dimensional polytope.
In solid geometry, a face is a flat (planar) surface that forms part of the boundary of a solid object; a three-dimensional solid bounded exclusively by flat faces is a polyhedron.
In geometry, a facet is a feature of a polyhedron, polytope, or related geometric structure, generally of dimension one less than the structure itself.
Geometry (from the γεωμετρία; geo- "earth", -metron "measurement") is a branch of mathematics concerned with questions of shape, size, relative position of figures, and the properties of space.
In geometry, the Gosset–Elte figures, named by Coxeter after Thorold Gosset and E. L. Elte, are a group of uniform polytopes which are not regular, generated by a Wythoff construction with mirrors all related by order-2 and order-3 dihedral angles.
Greek (Modern Greek: ελληνικά, elliniká, "Greek", ελληνική γλώσσα, ellinikí glóssa, "Greek language") is an independent branch of the Indo-European family of languages, native to Greece and other parts of the Eastern Mediterranean and the Black Sea.
Harold Scott MacDonald "Donald" Coxeter, FRS, FRSC, (February 9, 1907 – March 31, 2003) was a British-born Canadian geometer.
In mathematics, a hexadecagon (sometimes called a hexakaidecagon) or 16-gon is a sixteen-sided polygon.
In geometry, a hypercube is an ''n''-dimensional analogue of a square and a cube.
In geometry, an n-orthotopeCoxeter, 1973 (also called a hyperrectangle or a box) is the generalization of a rectangle for higher dimensions, formally defined as the Cartesian product of intervals.
Norman Woodason Johnson (November 12, 1930 – July 13, 2017) was a mathematician, previously at Wheaton College, Norton, Massachusetts.
In geometry, an octahedron (plural: octahedra) is a polyhedron with eight faces, twelve edges, and six vertices.
In geometry, a Petrie polygon for a regular polytope of n dimensions is a skew polygon in which every (n – 1) consecutive sides (but no n) belongs to one of the facets.
Polyhedral combinatorics is a branch of mathematics, within combinatorics and discrete geometry, that studies the problems of counting and describing the faces of convex polyhedra and higher-dimensional convex polytopes.
In linear algebra and functional analysis, a projection is a linear transformation P from a vector space to itself such that.
In geometry, a quasiregular polyhedron is a semiregular polyhedron that has exactly two kinds of regular faces, which alternate around each vertex.
In mathematics, a regular polytope is a polytope whose symmetry group acts transitively on its flags, thus giving it the highest degree of symmetry.
In geometry, the Schläfli symbol is a notation of the form that defines regular polytopes and tessellations.
In geometry, a square is a regular quadrilateral, which means that it has four equal sides and four equal angles (90-degree angles, or (100-gradian angles or right angles). It can also be defined as a rectangle in which two adjacent sides have equal length. A square with vertices ABCD would be denoted.
In geometry, a tetrahedron (plural: tetrahedra or tetrahedrons), also known as a triangular pyramid, is a polyhedron composed of four triangular faces, six straight edges, and four vertex corners.
A triangle is a polygon with three edges and three vertices.
In eight-dimensional geometry, an eight-dimensional polytope or 8-polytope is a polytope contained by 7-polytope facets.
In geometry, a vertex (plural: vertices or vertexes) is a point where two or more curves, lines, or edges meet.
In geometry, a vertex figure, broadly speaking, is the figure exposed when a corner of a polyhedron or polytope is sliced off.
In geometry, a Wythoff construction, named after mathematician Willem Abraham Wythoff, is a method for constructing a uniform polyhedron or plane tiling.
In four-dimensional geometry, a 16-cell is a regular convex 4-polytope.
In geometry, the 521 honeycomb is a uniform tessellation of 8-dimensional Euclidean space.
In geometry, the 5-cell is a four-dimensional object bounded by 5 tetrahedral cells.
In five-dimensional geometry, a 5-orthoplex, or 5-cross polytope, is a five-dimensional polytope with 10 vertices, 40 edges, 80 triangle faces, 80 tetrahedron cells, 32 5-cell 4-faces.
In five-dimensional geometry, a 5-simplex is a self-dual regular 5-polytope.
In geometry, a 6-orthoplex, or 6-cross polytope, is a regular 6-polytope with 12 vertices, 60 edges, 160 triangle faces, 240 tetrahedron cells, 192 5-cell 4-faces, and 64 5-faces.
In geometry, a 6-simplex is a self-dual regular 6-polytope.
In geometry, a 7-orthoplex, or 7-cross polytope, is a regular 7-polytope with 14 vertices, 84 edges, 280 triangle faces, 560 tetrahedron cells, 672 5-cells 4-faces, 448 5-faces, and 128 6-faces.
In 7-dimensional geometry, a 7-simplex is a self-dual regular 7-polytope.
In geometry, an 8-cube is an eight-dimensional hypercube (8-cube).
In geometry, an 8-simplex is a self-dual regular 8-polytope.