105 relations: Alum, Antiprism, Ball (mathematics), Bipyramid, Bricard octahedron, Buckminster Fuller, Cantilever, Cartesian coordinate system, Centered octahedral number, Conformal map, Convex uniform honeycomb, Coordinate system, Coordination complex, Coxeter element, Coxeter–Dynkin diagram, Cross-polytope, Crystal, Cube, Cuboctahedron, Diamond, Disdyakis dodecahedron, Dual polyhedron, Equilateral triangle, Faceting, Flexible polyhedron, Fluorite, Fundamental domain, Geometry, Golden ratio, Harold Scott MacDonald Coxeter, Hexagonal prism, Hexany, Honeycomb (geometry), Hyperbolic space, Hypercube, Hyperoctahedral group, Hyperplane, Hypersimplex, Icosahedron, Icosidodecahedron, Iron, Jahn–Teller effect, Johnson solid, K-vertex-connected graph, Kamacite, Kite (geometry), List of finite spherical symmetry groups, Maximal independent set, Meteorite, Net (polyhedron), ..., Nickel, Octahedral molecular geometry, Octahedral number, Octahedral symmetry, Octahedrite, Ohm, Orbifold notation, Order (group theory), Orthogonality, Orthographic projection, Pentagonal bipyramid, Platonic solid, Polyhedron, Polytope compound, Projection (linear algebra), Pyramid (geometry), Radius, Rectification (geometry), Regular Polytopes (book), Resistor, Role-playing game, Schönhardt polyhedron, Schläfli symbol, Simplicial polytope, Snub disphenoid, Space frame, Sphere, Spherical polyhedron, Square bifrustum, Stellated octahedron, Stellation, Stereographic projection, Subgroup, Symmetry group, Tangent, Taxicab geometry, Tesseract, Tetragonal trapezohedron, Tetrahedral symmetry, Tetrahedral-octahedral honeycomb, Tetrahedron, Tetrahemihexahedron, Triakis octahedron, Tron, Truncated octahedron, Truncated tetrahedron, Turán graph, Uniform coloring, Vertex arrangement, Vertex configuration, Volume, Well-covered graph, Widmanstätten pattern, Wythoff construction, Wythoff symbol. Expand index (55 more) » « Shrink index
An alum is a type of chemical compound, usually a hydrated double sulfate salt of aluminium with the general formula, where X is a monovalent cation such as potassium or ammonium.
In geometry, an n-sided antiprism is a polyhedron composed of two parallel copies of some particular n-sided polygon, connected by an alternating band of triangles.
In mathematics, a ball is the space bounded by a sphere.
An n-gonal bipyramid or dipyramid is a polyhedron formed by joining an n-gonal pyramid and its mirror image base-to-base.
In geometry, a Bricard octahedron is a member of a family of flexible polyhedra constructed by Raoul Bricard in 1897.
Richard Buckminster "Bucky" Fuller (July 12, 1895 – July 1, 1983) was an American architect, systems theorist, author, designer, inventor and futurist.
A cantilever is a rigid structural element, such as a beam or a plate, anchored at one end to a (usually vertical) support from which it protrudes; this connection could also be perpendicular to a flat, vertical surface such as a wall.
A Cartesian coordinate system is a coordinate system that specifies each point uniquely in a plane by a pair of numerical coordinates, which are the signed distances to the point from two fixed perpendicular directed lines, measured in the same unit of length.
A centered octahedral number or Haüy octahedral number is a figurate number that counts the number of points of a three-dimensional integer lattice that lie inside an octahedron centered at the origin.
In mathematics, a conformal map is a function that preserves angles locally.
In geometry, a convex uniform honeycomb is a uniform tessellation which fills three-dimensional Euclidean space with non-overlapping convex uniform polyhedral cells.
In geometry, a coordinate system is a system which uses one or more numbers, or coordinates, to uniquely determine the position of the points or other geometric elements on a manifold such as Euclidean space.
In chemistry, a coordination complex consists of a central atom or ion, which is usually metallic and is called the coordination centre, and a surrounding array of bound molecules or ions, that are in turn known as ligands or complexing agents.
In mathematics, the Coxeter number h is the order of a Coxeter element of an irreducible Coxeter group.
In geometry, a Coxeter–Dynkin diagram (or Coxeter diagram, Coxeter graph) is a graph with numerically labeled edges (called branches) representing the spatial relations between a collection of mirrors (or reflecting hyperplanes).
In geometry, a cross-polytope, orthoplex, hyperoctahedron, or cocube is a regular, convex polytope that exists in n-dimensions.
A crystal or crystalline solid is a solid material whose constituents (such as atoms, molecules, or ions) are arranged in a highly ordered microscopic structure, forming a crystal lattice that extends in all directions.
In geometry, a cube is a three-dimensional solid object bounded by six square faces, facets or sides, with three meeting at each vertex.
In geometry, a cuboctahedron is a polyhedron with 8 triangular faces and 6 square faces.
Diamond is a solid form of carbon with a diamond cubic crystal structure.
In geometry, a disdyakis dodecahedron, (also hexoctahedron, hexakis octahedron, octakis cube, octakis hexahedron, kisrhombic dodecahedron), is a Catalan solid with 48 faces and the dual to the Archimedean truncated cuboctahedron.
In geometry, any polyhedron is associated with a second dual figure, where the vertices of one correspond to the faces of the other and the edges between pairs of vertices of one correspond to the edges between pairs of faces of the other.
In geometry, an equilateral triangle is a triangle in which all three sides are equal.
Stella octangula as a faceting of the cube In geometry, faceting (also spelled facetting) is the process of removing parts of a polygon, polyhedron or polytope, without creating any new vertices.
In geometry, a flexible polyhedron is a polyhedral surface that allows continuous non-rigid deformations such that all faces remain rigid.
Not to be confused with Fluoride. Fluorite (also called fluorspar) is the mineral form of calcium fluoride, CaF2.
Given a topological space and a group acting on it, the images of a single point under the group action form an orbit of the action.
Geometry (from the γεωμετρία; geo- "earth", -metron "measurement") is a branch of mathematics concerned with questions of shape, size, relative position of figures, and the properties of space.
In mathematics, two quantities are in the golden ratio if their ratio is the same as the ratio of their sum to the larger of the two quantities.
Harold Scott MacDonald "Donald" Coxeter, FRS, FRSC, (February 9, 1907 – March 31, 2003) was a British-born Canadian geometer.
In geometry, the hexagonal prism is a prism with hexagonal base.
In music theory, the hexany is a six-note just intonation structure, with the notes placed on the vertices of an octahedron, equivalently the faces of a cube.
In geometry, a honeycomb is a space filling or close packing of polyhedral or higher-dimensional cells, so that there are no gaps.
In mathematics, hyperbolic space is a homogeneous space that has a constant negative curvature, where in this case the curvature is the sectional curvature.
In geometry, a hypercube is an ''n''-dimensional analogue of a square and a cube.
In mathematics, a hyperoctahedral group is an important type of group that can be realized as the group of symmetries of a hypercube or of a cross-polytope.
In geometry, a hyperplane is a subspace whose dimension is one less than that of its ambient space.
In polyhedral combinatorics, a hypersimplex, Δd,k, is a convex polytope that generalizes the simplex.
In geometry, an icosahedron is a polyhedron with 20 faces.
In geometry, an icosidodecahedron is a polyhedron with twenty (icosi) triangular faces and twelve (dodeca) pentagonal faces.
Iron is a chemical element with symbol Fe (from ferrum) and atomic number 26.
The Jahn–Teller effect (JT effect or JTE) is an important mechanism of spontaneous symmetry breaking in molecular and solid-state systems which has far-reaching consequences for different fields, and it is related to a variety of applications in spectroscopy, stereochemistry and crystal chemistry, molecular and solid-state physics, and materials science.
In geometry, a Johnson solid is a strictly convex polyhedron, which is not uniform (i.e., not a Platonic solid, Archimedean solid, prism, or antiprism), and each face of which is a regular polygon.
In graph theory, a connected graph G is said to be k-vertex-connected (or k-connected) if it has more than k vertices and remains connected whenever fewer than k vertices are removed.
Kamacite is an alloy of iron and nickel, which is found on Earth only in meteorites.
In Euclidean geometry, a kite is a quadrilateral whose four sides can be grouped into two pairs of equal-length sides that are adjacent to each other.
Finite spherical symmetry groups are also called point groups in three dimensions.
In graph theory, a maximal independent set (MIS) or maximal stable set is an independent set that is not a subset of any other independent set.
A meteorite is a solid piece of debris from an object, such as a comet, asteroid, or meteoroid, that originates in outer space and survives its passage through the atmosphere to reach the surface of a planet or moon.
In geometry a net of a polyhedron is an arrangement of edge-joined polygons in the plane which can be folded (along edges) to become the faces of the polyhedron.
Nickel is a chemical element with symbol Ni and atomic number 28.
In chemistry, octahedral molecular geometry describes the shape of compounds with six atoms or groups of atoms or ligands symmetrically arranged around a central atom, defining the vertices of an octahedron.
In number theory, an octahedral number is a figurate number that represents the number of spheres in an octahedron formed from close-packed spheres.
A regular octahedron has 24 rotational (or orientation-preserving) symmetries, and a symmetry order of 48 including transformations that combine a reflection and a rotation.
Octahedrites are the most common structural class of iron meteorites.
The ohm (symbol: Ω) is the SI derived unit of electrical resistance, named after German physicist Georg Simon Ohm.
In geometry, orbifold notation (or orbifold signature) is a system, invented by William Thurston and popularized by the mathematician John Conway, for representing types of symmetry groups in two-dimensional spaces of constant curvature.
In group theory, a branch of mathematics, the term order is used in two unrelated senses.
In mathematics, orthogonality is the generalization of the notion of perpendicularity to the linear algebra of bilinear forms.
Orthographic projection (sometimes orthogonal projection), is a means of representing three-dimensional objects in two dimensions.
In geometry, the pentagonal bipyramid (or dipyramid) is third of the infinite set of face-transitive bipyramids.
In three-dimensional space, a Platonic solid is a regular, convex polyhedron.
In geometry, a polyhedron (plural polyhedra or polyhedrons) is a solid in three dimensions with flat polygonal faces, straight edges and sharp corners or vertices.
A polyhedral compound is a figure that is composed of several polyhedra sharing a common centre.
In linear algebra and functional analysis, a projection is a linear transformation P from a vector space to itself such that.
In geometry, a pyramid is a polyhedron formed by connecting a polygonal base and a point, called the apex.
In classical geometry, a radius of a circle or sphere is any of the line segments from its center to its perimeter, and in more modern usage, it is also their length.
In Euclidean geometry, rectification or complete-truncation is the process of truncating a polytope by marking the midpoints of all its edges, and cutting off its vertices at those points.
Regular Polytopes is a mathematical geometry book written by Canadian mathematician Harold Scott MacDonald Coxeter.
A resistor is a passive two-terminal electrical component that implements electrical resistance as a circuit element.
A role-playing game (sometimes spelled roleplaying game and abbreviated to RPG) is a game in which players assume the roles of characters in a fictional setting.
In geometry, the Schönhardt polyhedron is the simplest non-convex polyhedron that cannot be triangulated into tetrahedra without adding new vertices.
In geometry, the Schläfli symbol is a notation of the form that defines regular polytopes and tessellations.
In geometry, a simplicial polytope is a polytope whose facets are all simplices.
In geometry, the snub disphenoid, Siamese dodecahedron, triangular dodecahedron or dodecadeltahedron is a three-dimensional convex polyhedron with twelve equilateral triangles as its faces.
In architecture and structural engineering, a space frame or space structure is a rigid, lightweight, truss-like structure constructed from interlocking struts in a geometric pattern.
A sphere (from Greek σφαῖρα — sphaira, "globe, ball") is a perfectly round geometrical object in three-dimensional space that is the surface of a completely round ball (viz., analogous to the circular objects in two dimensions, where a "circle" circumscribes its "disk").
In mathematics, a spherical polyhedron or spherical tiling is a tiling of the sphere in which the surface is divided or partitioned by great arcs into bounded regions called spherical polygons.
The square bifrustum or square truncated bipyramid is the second in an infinite series of bifrustum polyhedra.
The stellated octahedron is the only stellation of the octahedron.
In geometry, stellation is the process of extending a polygon in two dimensions, polyhedron in three dimensions, or, in general, a polytope in n dimensions to form a new figure.
In geometry, the stereographic projection is a particular mapping (function) that projects a sphere onto a plane.
In group theory, a branch of mathematics, given a group G under a binary operation ∗, a subset H of G is called a subgroup of G if H also forms a group under the operation ∗.
In group theory, the symmetry group of an object (image, signal, etc.) is the group of all transformations under which the object is invariant with composition as the group operation.
In geometry, the tangent line (or simply tangent) to a plane curve at a given point is the straight line that "just touches" the curve at that point.
A taxicab geometry is a form of geometry in which the usual distance function or metric of Euclidean geometry is replaced by a new metric in which the distance between two points is the sum of the absolute differences of their Cartesian coordinates.
In geometry, the tesseract is the four-dimensional analogue of the cube; the tesseract is to the cube as the cube is to the square.
The tetragonal trapezohedron, or deltohedron, is the second in an infinite series of face-uniform polyhedra, which are dual to the antiprisms.
A regular tetrahedron, an example of a solid with full tetrahedral symmetry A regular tetrahedron has 12 rotational (or orientation-preserving) symmetries, and a symmetry order of 24 including transformations that combine a reflection and a rotation.
The tetrahedral-octahedral honeycomb, alternated cubic honeycomb is a quasiregular space-filling tessellation (or honeycomb) in Euclidean 3-space.
In geometry, a tetrahedron (plural: tetrahedra or tetrahedrons), also known as a triangular pyramid, is a polyhedron composed of four triangular faces, six straight edges, and four vertex corners.
In geometry, the tetrahemihexahedron or hemicuboctahedron is a uniform star polyhedron, indexed as U4.
In geometry, a triakis octahedron (or trigonal trisoctahedron or kisoctahedron) is an Archimedean dual solid, or a Catalan solid.
Tron is a 1982 American science fiction action-adventure film written and directed by Steven Lisberger from a story by Lisberger and Bonnie MacBird.
In geometry, the truncated octahedron is an Archimedean solid.
In geometry, the truncated tetrahedron is an Archimedean solid.
In geometry, a uniform coloring is a property of a uniform figure (uniform tiling or uniform polyhedron) that is colored to be vertex-transitive.
In geometry, a vertex arrangement is a set of points in space described by their relative positions.
In geometry, a vertex configuration by Walter Steurer, Sofia Deloudi, (2009) pp.
Volume is the quantity of three-dimensional space enclosed by a closed surface, for example, the space that a substance (solid, liquid, gas, or plasma) or shape occupies or contains.
In graph theory, a well-covered graph is an undirected graph in which every minimal vertex cover has the same size as every other minimal vertex cover.
Widmanstätten patterns, also called Thomson structures, are figures of long nickel-iron crystals, found in the octahedrite iron meteorites and some pallasites.
In geometry, a Wythoff construction, named after mathematician Willem Abraham Wythoff, is a method for constructing a uniform polyhedron or plane tiling.
In geometry, the Wythoff symbol represents a Wythoff construction of a uniform polyhedron or plane tiling, from a Schwarz triangle.
0 11 polytope, 3-cross, 3-cross-polytope, 3-orthoplex, 8-hedron, Birectified Cube, Birectified cube, Oct (geometry), Octahedra, Octahedral, Octohedra, Octohedral, Octohedron, Order-4 triangular tiling, Rectified 3-simplex, Rectified tetrahedron, Regular octahedron, Spherical octahedron, Square bipyramid, Square bipyramids, Square dipyramid, Tetratetrahedron, Triangular antiprism, Trigonal antiprism.